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American Auto Trail-North Carolina's U.S. Highway 70

American Auto Trail-North Carolina's U.S. Highway 70

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American Auto Trail-North Carolina's U.S. Highway 70

103 Seiten
1 Stunde
Apr 29, 2010


This edition in the American Auto Trails series explores the route of U.S. 70 across North Carolina, from the coastal town of Atlantic to the Smoky Mountains on the Tennessee State Line. U.S. 70 travels through the heart of the state, connecting the cities of Raleigh, Durham, Greensboro, Winston-Salem, and Asheville. Driving maps and GPS Coordinates are provided for all listed historic sites.

Apr 29, 2010

Über den Autor

Caddo Publications USA was created in 2000 to encourage the exploration of America’s history by the typical automotive traveler. The intent of Caddo Publications USA is to provide support to both national and local historical organizations as historical guides are developed in various digital and traditional print formats. Using the American Guide series of the 1930’s and 40’s as our inspiration, we began to develop historical travel guides for the U.S. in the 1990’s.

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Mehr lesen von Lyn Wilkerson


American Auto Trail-North Carolina's U.S. Highway 70 - Lyn Wilkerson



This guide, along with the various others produced by Lyn Wilkerson and Caddo Publications USA, are based on the American Guide Series. Until the mid-1950’s, the U.S. Highway System provided the means for various modes of transport to explore this diverse land. To encourage such explorations, the Works Projects Administration under President Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Federal Writers Project created the American Guide Series. This series of books were commissioned by the Federal Government to capture the culture and history of the United States and provide the direction necessary for travelers to explore it. Each state created a commission of writers who canvassed their respective territories for content to submit. The preliminary works were then sent to Washington D.C. for final assembly in to a standard format. The result was a travel guide for each state. The series spread to include guides for important cities as well. After the State Guides were complete, the concept of a national guide was developed. However, it would not be until 1949, with the backing of Hastings House Publishing, that a true national guide would be created. Through several rounds of condensing, the final product maintained much of the most essential points of interest and the most colorful material.

To quote from the California edition of the American Guide Series, romance has been kept in its place. . . The intent of this guide is to provide information about the historic sites, towns, and landmarks along the chosen routes, and to provide background information and stories for what lies in-between. It is not our desire to dramatize the history or expand on it in any way. We believe that the character and culture of this state, and our country as a whole, can speak for itself. The guide has been created, not for just travelers new to the city, but for current residents who may not realize what lies just around the corner in their own neighborhood. The goal of Caddo Publications USA is to encourage the exploration of the rich history that many of us drive by on a regular basis without any sense it existed, and to entertain and educate so that history will not be lost in the future.

U.S. Highway 70

Beginning in the small coastal town of Atlantic, US 70 traverses North Carolina from Core Sound to the Smoky Mountains. The topography transforms from the agricultural flatlands of the tobacco growers, to the more modern and industrialized Piedmont, and on to the wooded Blue Ridge and Smoky Mountains, which offer a gateway to the Middle West.


The town of Atlantic lies on the bluff of a wide peninsula on Core Sound.

Otway (21 miles west of Atlantic on U.S. 70)

This fishing village was named for Captain Otway Burns.

Side Trip to Harkers Islands (County Road 1332 South)

Strait (4 miles south on County Road 1332)

Point of Interest:

Starr Methodist Church

This church preserves the name of a minister associated with the community's most popular tradition. Legend states that during the winter of 1813, the citizens of Strait were starving after a crop-killing drought the previous summer. The frozen sounds prevented fishing, and the Napoleonic wars and a British blockade made commerce and imports impossible. Parson Starr decided to invoke divine assistance. If it is predestined that there be a wreck on the Atlantic coast, please, he prayed, let it be here! In a few days, a ship laden with flour was wrecked on Core Banks and starvation was averted.

Harkers Island (7 miles south on County Road 1332)

Legend says that Manteo, the Indian friend of the first white settlers on Roanoke Island, was born here.

Beaufort (11 miles of Otway on U.S. 70)

First known as Fishtown, this village was laid out in 1722 as Beaufort, honoring Henry, Duke of Beaufort. Settlers are believed to have come here as early as 1709—French Huguenots followed by English, Scotch, Irish, Germans, and Swedes. In 1711, the settlers fought the Tuscarora. A fort was erected at Old Topsail Inlet as early as 1712, and in 1755 Fort Dobbs was built on the mainland. In 1747, Beaufort was captured by Spanish pirates, who were driven out a few days later by armed citizens.

Points of Interest:

Carteret County Courthouse 1907 (Historic Site, Turner Street and Ann Street)

The first courthouse erected here in 1722 also served as the customhouse. Records and land grants date back to 1713. Carteret County was formed in 1722 from the precinct of the Great County of Bath. It was named for the Lord Proprietor Sir George Carteret.

Dr. Cramer House (Turner Street)

Odd Fellows Building 1830 (200 block of Turner Street)

This brick structure was built by masons employed at Fort Mason. Legend says that the work was done at night by torchlight.

Davis House (215 Moore Street)

The Davis House is an old inn.

Duncan House (105 Front Street)

This residence was built in 1728.

Otway Burns Monument (Old Burying Ground, 400 block of Ann Street)

This monument commemorates the privateer Commodore Otway Burns, now a semi-legendary figure. His friend, Andrew Jackson, appointed him keeper of the Brant Island Shoal Light, where he sank into his anecdotage, fond of his bright naval uniform, his cocked hat, good whiskey, and a good fight. Burns (1755-1850) was privateer commander of the Snap Dragon during the War of 1812. His knowledge of the coast gained as a coastwise merchant, together with his daring made him the terror of British merchant ships from Greenland to Brazil. There is no record of the full damage he inflicted, but it

was so great that the British Government offered $50,000 for his capture, dead or alive. In 1814, when the British captured the Snap Dragon, he escaped capture because rheumatism had kept him ashore. Burns later served in the state general assembly from 1821 to 1835.

Morehead City (4 miles west of Beaufort on U.S. 70)

On the opposite side of the Newport River from Beaufort, Morehead City is a resort and ocean port. Founded in 1857 by John Motley Morehead, Governor of North Carolina (1841-1845), this town was a land speculative enterprise. Members of the crews of several British vessels trapped in the harbor by the Union blockade during the American Civil War settled here. The Atlantic & North Carolina Railroad (now the Atlantic & East Carolina) was nicknamed the Old Mullet Road because of the quantities of mullet formerly shipped over it.

Side Trip to Fort Macon State Park (County Road 1182 South, North Carolina Highway 58 East)

Fort Macon State Park (2

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