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Unlock Your Past: A guide to Ancestral Pattern

Unlock Your Past: A guide to Ancestral Pattern

Von Ogmion

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Unlock Your Past: A guide to Ancestral Pattern

Von Ogmion

112 Seiten
1 Stunde
Nov 28, 2009


Suitable for amateur genealogists seeking to trace their ancestors from Y-DNA samples. It gives step-by-step instructions on how to create your own ancestral pattern and identify others. Of particular use to those who have hit a brick wall using conventional methods and those who handle databases of DYS markers - where groups of people from the same source may be easily identified.

Nov 28, 2009

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Unlock Your Past - Ogmion

A Guide for creating and understanding your


Suitable for amateur genealogists and DNA project administrators seeking to identify common factors in family tree members, which may not be identifiable through other methods, this guide provides a brief description of the parameters that can be effectively applied. It gives step-by-step instructions on how to create your own ancestral pattern, or that for your sample, in a way that is easy to follow, with screen shots and descriptive texts that will help to avoid mistakes.

This is a © copyright document written by Nick Austin, distribution other than with the consent of the copyright owner or under license is an offence under international copyright convention.

Smashwords Edition, License Notes v2

First published 12th December 2009

Landscape Studios, Crowhurst, East Sussex TN33 9BY

For personal use of the purchaser

All rights are reserved

No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in full or in part, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, digital, photocopying or any other form and it shall not, by way of trade, or otherwise be lent, re-sold, hired out, or otherwise circulated, without the written permission of the copyright owners.



Summary of achievable objectives

The Principles

The Modal

How to create your own Ancestral Pattern



Comparing 30 samples


This is a document that is also available as an eBook for download by computer to an eBook reader. Some eBook formats do not display colour well if they are required to be converted to black and white. Many new format eBooks are coming into existence and despite the limitations it is anticipated that the development will allow documents such as this to be available cheaply and anywhere in the world.

NOTE: Links to external web sites may not work on all hardware or always be available. Due to small image sizes and the fact that some ebook readers do not display colour the images in this ebook  can be viewed on the web by clicking the image on suitable hardware that can connect to an external site


Ancestral Pattern is a different way of looking at results from genetic testing in human beings. It is a valuable tool in understanding what we are looking at when we see a row of 37 or more numbers displayed across a page, or certificate, after conducting a test to track your ancestors. It is a doorway which we are just going through and expect it will produce many surprises as more and more people understand what it means.

Your Ancestral Pattern or those of the people you administer in your database, is the pattern that each individual carries with them in their Y-DNA and passes on to their offspring. This pattern is family specific since it is inherited. The convention held up until this point has claimed that Y-DNA markers, used by genetic testing companies to produce a trace your ancestors type test, called DYS markers, have values that mutate up and down in a completely random way.

This is because when those who have done DNA studies of large databases of DNA look at the values of the markers in those databases they do appear to change in a completely random way. However this is not the case, and I shall demonstrate this shortly. Understanding that these mutations are not random opens the door to many people who have until now met a brick wall in their genetic family research.

Perhaps the average person will not benefit greatly from creating their own Ancestral Pattern, but it will provide insight that has hitherto been missing from DNA family research. Those who are adopted may be able to identify a pattern belonging to their genetic family, which whilst it will not identify the father in a forensic way, may allow the ability for other research to close the gap. Those who wish to know where their family came from prior to the compilation of Census data (appx. 1800AD in most countries) may also be able to identify those who would be shortlisted as possible family members long before that date. Those who suspect connections in historical research, but cannot identify which route to follow, will find the study of Ancestral Pattern a means of narrowing the gap. Lastly, those who are interested in history can use the concept of Ancestral Pattern to identify the path of human development, working the pattern back to its roots. We all know that we are ultimately related to one common ancestor - Ancestral Pattern can open the door to understanding who we are and where we came from.

Ancestral Pattern is carried in a family from father to son in the unchanged part of Y chromosome – its study is the study of individuals, using the observable fact that this part of the DNA mutates according to a set of rules. Those rules are currently not known in absolute terms, but are solid enough to publish. What we can see, if we look at populations as a whole, is what appears to be random movement of markers. If we take my surname AUSTIN and look at the database of Austins held by the Austin/Austen organisation of North America, there is an extensive table of people who have the Austin surname.

This database information can be displayed with the marker details along the top, with the samples detailed in rows in a simple format:

This is a good example of where Ancestral Pattern can assist database administrators and family researchers alike. The Austins of America currently have an unknown patriarch who arrived in the USA, like many American families, very shortly after the first pilgrims arrived on that shore.

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