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Über die Kriegskunst: Wahrhaft siegt, wer nicht kämpft

Über die Kriegskunst: Wahrhaft siegt, wer nicht kämpft

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Über die Kriegskunst: Wahrhaft siegt, wer nicht kämpft

Bewertungen:
3/5 (3.015 Bewertungen)
Länge:
136 Seiten
1 Stunde
Herausgeber:
Freigegeben:
15. Feb. 2005
ISBN:
9783843800969
Format:
Buch

Beschreibung

Rund 500 Jahre vor Christi Geburt schrieb der chinesische General Sun Tsu für seinen Kaiser eine wissenschaftliche und gleichzeitig philosophische Abhandlung über die Kunst des Krieges. Seine Ansichten gliederte er in 13 Kapitel und innerhalb dieser Kapitel legte er zwischen 14 und 68 Thesen dar. Über sein Leben ist so gut wie nichts bekannt. Fest steht jedoch, dass der Mann, der seine Erkenntnisse auf Bambusstäben niedergeschrieben hatte, kein Freund des Krieges war. Gleichzeitig jedoch war er sich seiner schieren Unvermeidlichkeit bewusst. Sun Tsus Thesen beeinflussten die asiatische Kriegsführung über Jahrhunderte hinweg. Im 20. Jahrhundert entdeckte auch der Westen die Weisheiten des Generals aus der Provinz Ghi. Hier jedoch wurden sie weniger für bewaffnete Konflikte herangezogen, als vielmehr für die "Schlachten des Alltags" - für die Geschäftswelt beispielsweise.
Herausgeber:
Freigegeben:
15. Feb. 2005
ISBN:
9783843800969
Format:
Buch

Über den Autor


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Buchvorschau

Über die Kriegskunst - Sun Tsu

Nur wenig ist über das Leben des chinesischen Philosophen und Generals SUN TSU bekannt, der zwischen ca. 534 v. Chr. und ca. 453 v. Chr. lebte. Einer Legende nach soll er als Sieger aus einer Schlacht im Reich Chu hervorgegangen sein, in der seine 30 000 Soldaten gegen eine zehnfache Übermacht siegten. Ungeachtet des Wahrheitsgehalts dieser Geschichte ist die Wirkung, die seine Schrift Über die Kriegskunst bis heute auf den Leser ausübt, unbestritten.

Zum Buch

„Jene, die wissen, wann sie kämpfen und wann sie nicht kämpfen sollen, werden siegen." Sun Tsu

Das früheste Buch über Strategie wurde vor mehr als 2500 Jahren auf Bambusstäbe geschrieben. Es stammt aus der Feder des Chinesen Sun Tsu, der sich als legendärer General im Dienste der Wu-Dynastie einen Namen machte. Seine strategischen Betrachtungen sind das faszinierende Zeugnis einer über Jahrtausende alten militärischen Erfahrung. Die pointierten Maximen über die richtige Kriegsführung, den überlegten Angriff und gekonnte taktische Manöver beeinflussten die asiatische Art der Kriegsführung bis in die jüngste Vergangenheit hinein, sind bei aller strategischer Meisterschaft in ihrem Fundament jedoch auf die Vermeidung von Kriegshandlungen und das friedliebende Miteinander angelegt.

Sun Tsus Aphorismen über die richtige Kriegsführung entspringen einer der ältesten Lehren der chinesischen Kultur: dem Daoismus.

Dieser Lehre gemäß liegt jeglichem Sein ein alldurchdringendes ordnendes Prinzip zugrunde. Der Einzelne erkennt es, wenn er sich auf die innere kosmologische Gesetzmäßigkeit von Werden und Vergehen einlässt. Nur durch Nicht-Eingreifen in dieses Prinzip kann das Individuum seinem eigenen „Dao" folgen. Insofern lesen sich die Aphorismen nicht als eine Kampfschrift, die zu blind-destruktivem Aktionismus aufruft. Sie haben vielmehr den Charakter eines Leitfadens, der es dem Einzelnen ermöglicht, im Einklang mit anderen seinen Platz in der Welt einzunehmen.

Sun Tsu

Über die Kriegskunst

Sun Tsu

Über die

Kriegskunst

Wahrhaft siegt,

wer nicht kämpft

Aus dem Englischen von Patrick Lindley

Bibliografische Information der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek

Die Deutsche Nationalbibliothek verzeichnet diese Publikation in der Deutschen Nationalbibliografie; detaillierte bibliografische Daten sind im Internet über

https://dnb.d-nb.de abrufbar.

Es ist nicht gestattet, Abbildungen und Texte dieses Buches zu scannen, in PCs oder auf CDs zu speichern oder mit Computern zu verändern oder einzeln oder zusammen mit anderen Bildvorlagen zu manipulieren, es sei denn mit schriftlicher Genehmigung des Verlages.

Alle Rechte vorbehalten

Copyright © by marixverlag GmbH, Wiesbaden 2013

Der Text basiert auf der Ausgabe marixverlag, Wiesbaden 2011

Aus dem Englischen übertragen von Patrick Lindley

nach der Ausgabe: The Art of War von Lionel Giles, London 1910

Covergestaltung: Nicole Ehlers, marixverlag GmbH

Die Bilder im Innenteil stammen aus dem Werk:

Edoardo Fazzioli: Gemalte Wörter.

214 chinesische Schriftzeichen - vom Bild zum Begriff, marixverlag 2004

Bildnachweis:

mauritius-images GmbH, Mittenwald/Imagebroker/Karlheinz Irlmeier

eBook-Bearbeitung: Bookwire GmbH, Frankfurt am Main

ISBN: 978-3-8438-0096-9

www.marixverlag.de

Inhalt

Über dieses Buch

Vorwort des Übersetzers

DRACHE – LÓNG

Über dieses Buch

Rund 500 Jahre vor Christi Geburt schrieb der chinesische General Sun Tsu (auch unter »Sun Tsu« oder »Sinzu« bekannt) für seinen Kaiser eine wissenschaftliche und gleichzeitig philosophische Abhandlung über die Kunst des Krieges. Seine Ansichten gliederte er in 13 Kapitel und innerhalb dieser Kapitel legte er jeweils zwischen 14 und 68 Thesen dar. Knapp, einleuchtend, nachvollziehbar.

Über das Leben des Generals Sun Tsu ist so gut wie nichts bekannt. Fest steht jedoch, dass der Mann, der seine Erkenntnisse auf Bambusstäbe niedergeschrieben hatte, kein Freund des Krieges war. Gleichzeitig jedoch war er sich dessen schieren Unvermeidlichkeit bewusst. Seine Folgerung: Wenn schon ein Staat Krieg führen muss, dann sollte er dies so gut wie möglich tun.

Seine Prämissen: Bewahre das Leben, und zwar so häufig wie möglich – der Tod ist unumkehrbar. Und: Zerstöre nichts, was du nicht auch für dich gewinnen könntest.

Sun Tzus Thesen beeinflussten die asiatische Kriegsführung über Jahrhunderte hinweg. Im 20. Jahrhundert entdeckte auch der Westen die Weisheiten des Generals aus der Provinz Ghi. Hier jedoch wurden sie weniger für bewaffnete Konflikte herangezogen als vielmehr für die »Schlachten des Alltags« – für die Geschäftswelt beispielsweise. So erlangte Sun Tsu an der New Yorker Wallstreet rund 2500 Jahre nach seinem Tod eine nicht für möglich gehaltene Popularität.

Und weil wir der Meinung sind, dass (fast) alle dieser Thesen auch heute noch bedenkens- wenn nicht sogar nachahmenswert sind, gibt es dieses Buch …

Vorwort des Übersetzers

Sun Tsu sagt:

Erkennt man die Notwendigkeit, eine Sache tun zu müssen, so darf man nicht zögern, sich ihr ganz und gar zu widmen. Wenn der Zwang das Handeln bestimmt, sollte der Handelnde in der Lage sein, sein Tun und Lassen jederzeit vor sich selbst rechtfertigen zu können, sodass der Zwang zum Handeln nicht auch noch zur Belastung der eigenen Seele wird.

Was also ist zu tun?

Das zu Tuende muss so gut, so genau, so gewissenhaft wie möglich vorbereitet und geplant werden. Nur wenn man sich darüber im Klaren ist, WAS man tut, wird man auch in der Lage sein, es GUT zu tun. Somit gilt es also im ersten Stadium der Planungen, den Sinn des Handelns, seinen Hintergrund und die entsprechenden Voraussetzungen festzulegen.

Im Falle des bewaffneten Konfliktes ist es notwendig zu erkennen, dass Krieg zwar ein Übel, jedoch ein unvermeidbares Übel darstellt. Seine Unvermeidlichkeit jedoch beinhaltet wiederum den Zwang zu handeln. Dies wiederum führt uns zur Erkenntnis, dass Krieg so gut wie möglich geführt werden sollte.

Im Frieden bereite dich auf den Krieg vor, im Krieg bereite dich auf den Frieden vor.

So lautet die Kernaussage, die hinter den Schriften des Sun Tsu auf all diejenigen wartet, die sie zu erkennen vermögen.

Das vorliegende Buch orientiert sich in seinen – vollkommen neu formulierten – Worten an der anerkannten Übersetzung des britischen China-Historikers Lionel Giles M. A., die dieser im Jahre 1910 verfasste und für die er sich etwa 1500 Jahre alter Papyrusrollen bediente, die in der verbotenen Stadt gefunden worden waren. Diese Übersetzung ist deshalb dem auf Bambus geschriebenen Original der Thesen des Sun Tsu so nahe, wie dies eben möglich zu sein scheint – die 13 Originalkapitel auf Bambus sind lange schon verschollen.

Zur Erläuterung, aber auch zur Unterhaltung des geneigten Lesers, wurden die Thesen des Sun Tsu zuweilen durch Kommentare ergänzt – seien es jene des Übersetzers, seien es solche, die von Nachkommen und Studierenden des Sun Tsu auf Papyrus geschrieben worden sind. Auch zu den Thesen des Sun Tsu passende Anekdoten, Legenden und Geschichten rund um die chinesische Militärhistorie sind enthalten und sollen im Kontext gelesen werden.

Es gab eine Zeit,

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Was die anderen über Über die Kriegskunst denken

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  • (4/5)
    I'm so glad I finally read this historic book. I found it very interesting and understand why it has been adapted to suit other fields -- notably management. And the version of the book I bought is beautiful in itself. Bound in traditional Chinese style, with each page folded in half and only printed on the outside. Hard to rate -- it is what it is as they say -- but I'm rating it highly because it has stood the test of time.
  • (3/5)
    you kind of have to read this, yah. so privately canonized.
  • (5/5)
    An enduring classic, an absolute must-read for every business person and military mind the world over.
  • (4/5)
    A very quick read of a classic. I had always been meaning to get around to this book, and I did not realize how short it was. The version I have contains more commentary than the actual writing, and I did not bother with the commentary.

    The book is basically a series of maxims that describe how to lead as a general at war. I think its appeal is universal, and many of the ideas can be applied as strategic thinking in other aspects of life. I don't think it was all that profound, but then again, its ideas have been used for centuries. It was nice to be able to read where a lot of them came from.
  • (5/5)
    Sun Tzu's "The Art of War" is a great book.This ancient classic was written over 2,500 years ago by the legendary Chinese general Sun Tzu, being aa timeless masterpiece of interaction of power and politics this book teaches many good lessons to anyone who will ever have to command a group of people, in the workplace, in school, or on the battlefield.The Art of War is an ageless book that teaches human nature and how to deal with difficult situations in life and business.The lessons learned in this book can be allied to relationship, friendship, career and make you a more complete person in general. I I recommend this book to be read by all those who wants to succeed in anything they do, It is not just about lessons in war but can be used and applied for everyday life."The Art of War" is a must read.
  • (2/5)
    During a sermon, the rabbi talked about this book and said that it was really a philosophy on how to live life. When I started reading it, I saw that it really is a book on how to wage war. Definitely not what I expected and definitely not a book I would ever want to read.
  • (4/5)
    I read this and let my mind wander a little, but not too much. Invariably whatever I think about mixes with the words, and elegant, clear observations come out. It's like guided meditation.
  • (5/5)
    I wasn't sure what to expect when I picked up this book, to be honest. I just made a promise to myself I would read more classics and this was a short one to get in so I can reach my reading goal. However, I ended up really, really enjoying it. I'm not a soldier by any stretch of the imagination, but there is good, solid advice in this book that is still relevant thousands of years after it was written. It's worth a read for sure, and it's so short you can get through it quickly. I would recommend it. 5 out of 5 stars.
  • (4/5)
    Indeholder "Making of Plans", "Waging of War", "Strategic Offensive", "Forms and Dispositions", "Potential Energy", "Empty and Full", "The Fray", "The Nine Changes", "On the March", "Forms of Terrain", "The Nine Kinds of Ground", "Attack by Fire", "Espionage"."Making of Plans" handler om ???"Waging of War" handler om ???"Strategic Offensive" handler om ???"Forms and Dispositions" handler om ???"Potential Energy" handler om ???"Empty and Full" handler om ???"The Fray" handler om ???"The Nine Changes" handler om ???"On the March" handler om ???"Forms of Terrain" handler om ???"The Nine Kinds of Ground" handler om ???"Attack by Fire" handler om ???"Espionage" handler om ???En glimrende klassiker om krig. Sun-tzu ved hvor ødelæggende krig er, så han foretrækker at undgå den.
  • (5/5)
    I have read this several times in a variety of translations. This version is formatted like a poem and is a quick read. Interesting that Sun Tzu echoes many of the issues raised by Thucydides. I remember an Instructor Gunnery during my Regimental Officers Basic Course from the United States artillery beginning every lesson with: "Sun Tzu says...". And, "If a 155 round lands on a tank, the tank is toast". So much in such a short book and it was quite possibly written before Thucydides was born.
  • (2/5)
    Pretty dull going, even by audiobook. The narrators were great, though, and there were times that the footnotes saved me.
  • (5/5)
    A great translation. That was meant to be funny since I don't read Chinese and can't possibly really know how good his translation is. However, this is a great book and belongs right next to your other war strategy greats.
  • (3/5)
    “Move not unless you see an advantage, use not your troops unless there is something to be gained, fight not unless the position is critical.”

    I read The Art of War by Sun Tzu through an app called Serial Reader, which breaks up longer books, novellas and short stories into manageable pieces that a reader can read in 12 minutes a day. I love to use Serial Reader when I’m waiting for the bus, in the line at the post office, whenever I feel like I have a few moments, but not necessarily long enough to take out a book and find my place.

    I also really like Serial Reader because I tend to read things I wouldn’t otherwise read, but so far I’ve really enjoyed all the stories and novels that I’ve read.

    I found The Art of War to be surprisingly readable, considering it was written around the 5th century, BCE and has been translated countless times since then. It’s much more philosophical than I had anticipated, and in a way, deeply spiritual.

    Of course it’s dry. It is. It is an ancient military self-help book, none of it is relevant to me. There are lots of lists about the different kinds of ground an army might fight on, different types of weather, how to traverse it all.

    And yet I found it interesting.

    I appreciated that this translator (and, I suppose, author) warned against fighting at all. If you want to occupy a town, best to get the enemy to surrender to you painlessly, so that the town is in tact and nothing is destroyed. Sun Tzu really speaks to the desperation of war, how the last thing anyone wants to do in a war is fight, but if you have to fight, this is what you need to do.

    I’m glad I read this text. I often found myself reading it and wondering about all the people, leaders, warriors, stay-at-home mothers who’d read it before, who were reading it with me. What did they learn from it? How did they feel reading it? Was it more relevant to their lives than it was to mine?

    That, in and of itself, is a fascinating thing to think about, don’t you think?
  • (4/5)

    I decided to read The Art of War because of references to it in the best/only good general marketing book I read during my commerce education: Marketing Strategy and Competitive Positioning. I was curious to see why a modern marketing handbook would have references to a classic handbook in ancient warfare, and why The Art of War is such a famous book.

    I can see now why the book is famous: it is because its warfare principles are generally applicable to competitive situations - including marketing and politics (maybe office politics too?)

    I expected a heavy brick of an analytic strategy book, but it is the opposite: a thin, minimalist poetry book.

    It is a piece of art. The pattern of words is aesthetically pleasing and produces vivid imagery of ancient armies moving and camping in harsh terrains; yet the strange scenery and poetic style conveys core strategic principles for competition with great accuracy.

    Essentially, The Art of War encourages careful consideration of the dynamics of all situational variables (listing them), and discourages impulsive and dumb warfare, which is any warfare driven by an irrational motive, or which can not be won quickly with minimal loss.








  • (2/5)
    This is a manual and reads like one. Better to take in very small doses, digest and discuss rather than to read continuously.
  • (4/5)
    I have other versions of Sun Tzu's Art of War, and the first one I purchased in Italian was actually a new translation published by the Army publisher, as a Chinese officer part of an exchange programme saw that all the Italian versions at the time were actually... translations of translationsI have also read the Sawyer edition, among others, but I picked up this one in a library as it was the only one I saw so far that, beside the translation, included also a rewriting in ChineseInteresting series of books, as they republished classics from Chinese history following the same approach- so, I was curious to see the differences (on the English side- my abilities in Chinese will be enough to read in Chinese... in few years- in modern Chinese)
  • (4/5)
    Defiantly some good tips in here. I can see why other countries armies are so well disciplined if they still use these tactics. Some of them could also work for dealing with people as well. Some handy things in here.

    It's easy to read, but he repeats things a lot, and some of the sentence are worded strangely. And then, some lines are written like poetry.

    It was a something different, and I'm glad I picked it up.
  • (3/5)
    Inspiration comes from many places and The Art of War is one of those books mentioned frequently in my circles. It's one of those books I've been meaning to get to for years and, while I am not sorry that I finally got to it, its usefulness to me is limited.Most of the non-strategic advice is good leadership advice. Things such as being a leader means setting the standard for how the work should be done, including getting one's hands dirty with the lowliest tasks. I've read plenty of stuff about leadership, and setting the example, that there really wasn't anything new for me here.Since I'm not interested in military strategies, the rest was dry.From a strictly historic perspective, I can understand the importance of this treatise. But as an outstanding example of leadership and strategy in the 21st century? I'm not seeing it.
  • (3/5)
    Classic, brilliant techniques put so simply. Yet, naturally, reading this as a modern day civilian, I applied it to my modern day battles such as in business, relationships, Los Angeles traffic...the typical. As a naturally paranoid person, I feel it did me more harm than good. In addition, I prefer to (perhaps ignorantly) avoid seeing things as if they are wars. Some things will never change though because I will always act shy and giggle right before I slaughter my enemy.
  • (5/5)
    Everyone should read this.

    It tells you as much about motivation and human compunction than any other book Ive ever read. This should be required reading for teachers, businessmen, cops, everyone that every has to deal with a group of people in a possibly hostile setting.
  • (4/5)
    A classic! Well worth the read, and looking forward to reading again in the future.
  • (3/5)
    Another translation (Ralph Sawyer) and lots of background history & hints of textual analysis - but fails to grab.Read July 2006
  • (4/5)
    It's amazing that this advice is still quite relevant 2500 years after the fact. Some of it, of course, isn't, but that'll happen. The historical allusions in Giles' translation/commentary are pretty useful, though occasionally it gets really deep into Chinese history and you forget who you are and what you're reading. What dynasty are we in again?
  • (4/5)
    There was a lot of repetition in this book, but maybe it's to enforce some of the most important things to remember when conducting a war.

    I was surprised by how much from this ancient text seems applicable today. I guess that can be chalked up to the knowledge and foresight of Sun Tzu, as well as our sad inability to change our violent ways.

    One particular bit of text seemed particularly relevant:

    When the army engages in protracted campaigns the resources of the state will not suffice.

    Good advice.
  • (2/5)
    Don't like this edition. The history is boring and confusing (chi, Ch'i, ch'i all mean different things) 1 star for the edition and history part.

    The actual Art of War is good. 3 stars.
  • (5/5)
    Tactics and strategies that apply to everyday life. This book is excellent reading to make you think about how to deal with the day to day struggles of life. It helps you position you versus your opponent. Your opponent need not be any one person. It could be a corporation. It could be an establishment. It could be a situation you are facing. I was once told that what you get out of a book is the effort you put into a book. It is my hope that this book can help someone master how they deal with day to day life. Let me know what you think. By the way, how many Enron or Worldcomm employees do you think read this book?

    On another note, I would ask that you do not take this book literally. It is laced with allegory and a ton of symbolism. Please take its contents and apply them to your life for the good of all.
  • (3/5)
    The original book was interesting but the commentary portion of the book was insightful. I liked hearing perspective on Master Sun's work from other ancient military leaders.
  • (5/5)
    A great translation. That was meant to be funny since I don't read Chinese and can't possibly really know how good his translation is. However, this is a great book and belongs right next to your other war strategy greats.
  • (4/5)
    Fascinating. My particular copy (an audiobook) included modern comparisons between each chapter which was horribly annoying. The observations in the book maintain their usefulness to the present.
  • (5/5)
    The version I have also has a second section for commentaries on all the passages. It's an incredibly useful and insightful book, and not necessarily just for literal war.