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Summary & Study Guide - Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind

Summary & Study Guide - Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind

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Summary & Study Guide - Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind

Länge:
117 Seiten
1 Stunde
Herausgeber:
Freigegeben:
Jun 15, 2018
ISBN:
9781988970110
Format:
Buch

Beschreibung

How Humans Evolve from Insignificant Apes to Become the Rulers of the World

This book is a summary of “Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind,” by Yuval Noah Harari.

In Sapiens, Professor Yuval Noah Harari focuses on the three great revolutions of human history: Cognitive, Agricultural, and Scientific. He presents a hypothesis about how Homo sapiens transforms from an animal of no significance 70,000 years ago to become the rulers of the Earth.

Earlier human species such as Homo neanderthalensis in Europe and Homo erectus in Asia had climate and environmental adaptations that sapiens did not have. The Cognitive Revolution between 70,000 and 30,000 years ago enabled the sapiens to form elaborate cultures and communicate in fiction. Myths, religions, moral codes, nations, corporations, and money are fiction that shapes human societies, allowing them to speak the same language and share the same customs, beliefs, rituals, and dreams. Fiction also allowed them to cooperate in groups, giving them a military and security advantage and encouraging specialization which eventually gave them a technological advantage.

This book tells the story of how these three revolutions have affected humans since the start of the Cognitive Revolution. It challenges everything we thought we knew about being human.

This guide includes:
* Book Summary—helps you understand the key concepts.
* Online Videos—cover the concepts in more depth.
Value-added from this guide:
* Save time
* Understand key concepts
* Expand your knowledge
Herausgeber:
Freigegeben:
Jun 15, 2018
ISBN:
9781988970110
Format:
Buch

Über den Autor

Lee Tang is a retired executive of a major global insurance company. Prior to his retirement, he has worked as an actuary, a risk officer and a chief financial officer for several major insurance organizations in the United States, Canada, and Taiwan. To learn more about Lee and his work, visit his website and blog at https://lmtpress.wordpress.com. You can reach him by email at leetang888@gmail.com.


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Buchvorschau

Summary & Study Guide - Sapiens - Lee Tang

How Humans Evolve from Insignificant Apes to Become the Rulers of the World

This book is a summary of Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind, by Yuval Noah Harari.

In Sapiens, Professor Yuval Noah Harari focuses on the three great revolutions of human history: Cognitive, Agricultural, and Scientific. He presents a hypothesis about how Homo sapiens transforms from an animal of no significance 70,000 years ago to become the rulers of the Earth.

Earlier human species such as Homo neanderthalensis in Europe and Homo erectus in Asia had climate and environmental adaptations that sapiens did not have. The Cognitive Revolution between 70,000 and 30,000 years ago enabled the sapiens to form elaborate cultures and communicate in fiction. Myths, religions, moral codes, nations, corporations, and money are fiction that shapes human societies, allowing them to speak the same language and share the same customs, beliefs, rituals, and dreams. Fiction also allowed them to cooperate in groups, giving them a military and security advantage and encouraging specialization which eventually gave them a technological advantage.

This book tells the story of how these three revolutions have affected humans since the start of the Cognitive Revolution.

This guide includes:

Book Summary—helps you understand the key concepts.

Online Videos—cover the concepts in more depth.

Value-added from this guide:

Save time

Understand key concepts

Expand your knowledge

Important Note About This Guide

This guide is a summary and not a critique/review of the book. The summary may not be organized chapter-wise but summarizes the book’s main ideas, viewpoints, and arguments. It is NOT meant to be a replacement, but a supplement to help you understand the book’s key ideas and recommendations.

Title: Summary & Study Guide - Sapiens

Subtitle: A Brief History of Humankind

Author: Lee Tang

Publisher: LMT Press (lmtpress.wordpress.com)

Copyright © 2018 by Lee Tang

All rights reserved. Aside from brief quotations for media coverage and reviews, no part of this book may be reproduced or distributed in any form without the author’s permission. Thank you for supporting authors and a diverse, creative culture by purchasing this book and complying with copyright laws.

First Edition: June 2018

Issued in print and electronic formats.

ISBN 9781988970110 (ebook)

ISBN 9781720438083 (paperback)

ISBN 9781987063790 (paperback)

Limit of Liability/Disclaimer of Warranty: The publisher and author make no representations or warranties regarding the accuracy or completeness of these contents and disclaim all warranties such as warranties of fitness for a particular purpose. The website addresses in the book were correct at the time going to print. However, the publisher and author are not responsible for the content of third-party websites, which are subject to change.

To my wife, Lillian, who is the source of energy and love for everything I do, and to Andrew and Amanda: watching you grow up has been a privilege.

Table of Contents

Title Page

Copyright

Dedication

Timeline of History

Part One: The Cognitive Revolution

1. An Animal of No Significance

2. The Tree of Knowledge

3. A Day in the Life of Adam and Eve

4. The Flood

Part Two: The Agricultural Revolution

5. History’s Biggest Fraud

6. Building Pyramids

7. Memory Overload

8. There Is No Justice in History

Part Three: The Unification of Humankind

9. The Arrow of History

10. The Scent of Money

11. Imperial Visions

12. The Law of Religion

13. The Secret of Success

Part Four: The Scientific Revolution

14. Discovery of Ignorance

15. The Marriage of Science and Empire

16. The Capitalist Creed

17. The Wheels of Industry

18. A Permanent Revolution

19. And They Lived Happily Ever After

20. The End of Homo Sapiens

Afterword

Index

About the Author

Timeline of History

Source: Sapiens: A Brief History of Humankind by Yuval Noah Harari

Part One

The

Cognitive

Revolution

Chapter 1

An Animal of No Significance

Matter, energy, space and time came into being 13.5 billion years ago after the Big Bang. Planet Earth came into being 4.5 billion years ago. Organisms emerged on planet Earth 3.8 billion years ago.

Biologists classify organisms into species. A species is the largest group of organisms in which two individuals can produce fertile offspring. If two individuals of different species mate, many factors can prevent successful fertilization or successful birth. Sometimes, the offspring might be sterile, as when a donkey and a mare mate and produce a mule which is sterile.

Homo sapiens belongs to a large and noisy family called the great apes. Sapiens and chimpanzees evolved from a common ancestor 6 million years ago. Our closest living relatives

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