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1994 Nissan SENTRA

Submodel: SE | Engine Type: L4 | Liters: 1.6 Fuel Delivery: FI | Fuel: GAS

Throttle Linkage

1. 2. 3. 4.

Disconnect the negative battery cable. Remove the air cleaner. Open the automatic choke valve by hand, while turning the throttle valve by pulling the throttle lever, then set the choke valve in the open position. NOTE: If equipped with a vacuum controlled throttle positioner, use a vacuum hand pump to retract the throttle positioner rod. Adjust the throttle cable at the carburetor bracket, so that 1.02.0mm of pedal free-play exists.

Dashpot

Fig. 1: Dashpot adjustment Type 1

Fig. 2: Dashpot adjustment Type 2

A dashpot is used on carburetors of automatic transaxle equipped vehicles, as well as some manual transaxle models. The dashpot slowly closes the throttle on automatic transaxle equipped vehicles to prevent stalling, and serves as an emission control device on all late model vehicles. The dashpot should be adjusted to contact the throttle lever on deceleration at approximately 2,3002,500 rpm (E15) engines, 1,9002,100 rpm (E16, automatic transaxle) or 2,2502,450 (E16, manual transaxle). NOTE: Before attempting to adjust the dashpot, make sure the idle speed, timing and mixture adjustments are correct. 1. 2. Loosen the locknut (turn the dashpot, if necessary) and make sure the engine speed drops smoothly from 2,000 rpm to 1,000 rpm in 3 seconds. If the dashpot has been removed from the carburetor, it must be adjusted when installed. Adjust the gap between the primary throttle valve and the inner carburetor wall, when the dashpot stem comes in contact with the throttle arm. The dashpot gap is 0.660.86mm (manual transaxle) or 0.490.69mm (automatic transaxle).

Secondary Throttle Linkage

Fig. 3: Secondary throttle linkage adjustment

All carburetors discussed in this book are two stage type carburetors. On this type of carburetor, the engine runs on the primary barrel most of the time, with the secondary barrel being used for acceleration purposes. When the throttle valve on the primary side opens to an angle of approximately 50(from its fully closed position), the secondary throttle valve is pulled open by the connecting linkage. The 50angle of throttle valve opening works out to a clearance measurement of 5.76.9mm between the throttle valve and the carburetor body. The easiest way to measure this is to use a drill bit. Drill bits from sizes H to P (standard letter size drill bits) should fit. Check the appendix in the back of the book for the exact size of the various drill bits. If an adjustment is necessary, bend the connecting link between the two linkage assemblies. NOTE: The carburetor is equipped with a tang on the adjusting link, bend the tang to adjust the clearance.

Float Level

Fig. 4: Float level adjustment points

The fuel level is normal if it is within the lines or dot on the window glass of the float chamber (or the sight glass) when the vehicle is resting on level ground and the engine is off. If the fuel level is outside the lines, remove the float housing cover. Have an absorbent cloth under the cover to catch the fuel from the fuel bowl. Adjust the float level by bending the needle seat on the float. The needle valve should have an effective stroke of about 1.5mm. When necessary, the needle valve stroke can be adjusted by bending the float stopper. NOTE: Be careful not to bend the needle valve rod when installing the float and baffle plate, if removed.

Fast Idle

Fig. 5: Fast idle adjustment point

1.

Remove the carburetor from the vehicle. CAUTION Never smoke when working around gasoline! Avoid all sources of sparks or ignition. Gasoline vapors are EXTREMELY volatile! NOTE: On some California engines, disconnect the harness cover from the automatic choke heater cover, the vacuum hose from the vacuum break diaphragm (install a plug after pushing the vacuum break stem toward the diaphragm), then move the throttle lever counterclockwise (fully). Go to Step 4.

2.

Remove the choke cover, then place the fast idle arm on the 2nd step of the fast idle cam. Using the correct wire gauge, measure the clearance A between the throttle valve and the wall of the throttle valve chamber (at the center of the throttle valve). Check it against the following specifications: 198288 Sentra with manual transaxle 0.800.87mm

198288 Sentra with automatic transaxle 1.071.14mm 1983 Pulsar (USA) with manual transaxle 0.790.93mm 1983 Pulsar (USA) with automatic transaxle 1.081.22mm 1983 Pulsar (Canada) with manual transaxle 0.650.79mm 1983 Pulsar (Canada) with automatic transaxle 0.931.07mm 198487 Pulsar (USA) with manual transaxle 0.760.96mm 198487 Pulsar (USA) with automatic transaxle 1.051.25mm 198487 Pulsar (Canada) with manual transaxle 0.540.82mm 198487 Pulsar (Canada) with automatic transaxle 0.901.10mm NOTE: The first step of the fast idle adjustment procedure is not absolutely necessary. 3. 4. Install the carburetor on the engine. Start the engine, warm it to operating temperatures and check the fast idle rpm. The cam should be at the 2nd step. 1982 83 Sentra E15 Federal: 2,4003,200 rpm Calif.: 2,3003,100 rpm Canada MT: 1,9002,700 rpm Canada AT: 2,4003,200 rpm 1984 87 Sentra E16 Federal: Not adjustable Calif. MT: 2,6003,400 rpm Calif. AT: 2,9003,700 rpm Canada MT: 1,9002,700 rpm Canada AT: 2,4003,200 rpm 1983 Pulsar Federal MT: 2,4003,200 rpm Federal AT: 2,7003,500 rpm Calif. MT: 2,6003,400 rpm Calif. AT: 2,9003,700 rpm Canada MT: 1,9002,700 rpm Canada AT: 2,4003,200 rpm 1984 87 Pulsar Calif. MT: 2,6003,400 rpm Calif. AT: 2,9003,700 rpm Canada MT: 1,9002,700 rpm Canada AT: 2,4003,200 rpm 5. To adjust the fast idle speed, turn the fast idle adjusting screw counterclockwise to increase the fast idle speed and clockwise to decrease the fast idle speed.

Primary and Secondary Throttle Valve Interlock Opening

Fig. 6: Throttle valve linkage interlock adjustment measurement point

With the carburetor removed from the engine, turn the throttle arm until the adjusting plate comes in contact with the lock lever at point A and check clearance G. The clearance should be 0.25 in. (6.3mm).

Choke Unloader
NOTE: The choke must be cold for this adjustment. This adjustment does not apply to 1984 and later non-California USA models, nor to 1987 California/Canada models. 1. 2. 3. 4. Close the choke valve completely. Hold the choke valve closed by stretching a rubber band between the choke piston lever and a stationary part of the carburetor. Open the throttle lever fully. NOTE: The unloader cam is located next to the choke plate adjusting lever. Adjustment is made by bending the unloader tongue. Gauge the gap between the choke plate and the carburetor body to: Pulsar 2.96mm 198283 Sentra 2.36mm 198487 Sentra 3.00mm

Vacuum Break (Choke Pull-Off)

Fig. 7: Vacuum break adjustment

1. 2. 3.

With the engine cold, close the choke completely. Pull the vacuum break stem straight up as far as it will go. Check the clearance between the choke plate and the carburetor wall. Clearance should be: 1.331.73mm (below 63F) 2.402.80mm (above 75F)

4.

Adjustment is made by bending the tang at the choke plate lever assembly. NOTE: Remove the choke cover, then connect a rubber band to the choke lever to hold it shut.

Accelerator Pump

Fig. 8: Accelerator pump adjustment and measurement points

If a smooth, constant stream of fuel is not injected into the carburetor bore when the throttle is opened, the accelerator pump needs adjusting. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Remove the carburetor from the engine. Check the gap between the primary throttle valve and the inner wall of the carburetor when the pump lever comes in contact with the piston pin. This is the stroke limiter gap. It should be 1.3mm. If not, bend the stroke limiter. Fill the carburetor bowl with fuel. Fully open the choke. Place a calibrated container under the throttle bore. Slowly open and close the throttle (full open to full closed) ten times keeping the throttle open 3 seconds each time. Measure the amount of fuel in the container. The amount should be 0.30.5 ml. If not, and the stroke limiter gap is correct, replace the accelerator pump unit.

Anti-Dieseling Solenoid
Check this valve if the engine continues to run after the key has been turned off. 1. 2. Run the engine at idle speed and disconnect the lead wire at the anti-dieseling solenoid. The engine should stop. If the engine does not stop, check the harness for current at the solenoid. If current is present, replace the solenoid. Installation torque for the solenoid is 1316 ft. lbs. (1822 Nm).