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PAKISTAN AFFAIRS

STUDY PLAN

Study Area – I: Evolution of Muslim Society in the Sub-Continent

2007 – Critically evaluate the contribution made by missionaries in the growth of Muslim

society in the Sub-continent of Indo-Pak.

2006 – Describe the most notable feature of Muslims in India in the light of their

monotheistic religion and egalitarian social structure.

2005 – Summarize the political scene of the sub continent at the opening of the eighteenth

century.

2004

– Analyze the factors responsible for degeneration of Muslim society in 18th century?

2003

– Discuss the role and efforts of Muslim religions leaders for the establishment of

Muslim Society in the Sub-Continent.

2002

– Briefly describe the evolution of Muslim society in the sub-continent.

2001

- Briefly describe the evolution of Muslim Society in the Subcontinent from 1206

onwards and analyze its downfall after the 17th century.

2000 - Give an account of the evolution of the Muslim society in the sub-continent from 1206

to 1526 A.D.

Area of Focus

Life in sub-continent before the arrival of Arabs Muslims. Influx of Muslims from South, Sindh and North in the subcontinent Missionaries/Invaders/Rulers in the sub-continent & its vicinities  Four Sufi Silsila ( Suhrwardiya, Qadriya, Naqshbandya, Chisthiya ) Four Sufi Silsila ( Suhrwardiya, Qadriya, Naqshbandya, Chisthiya )

Evolution of a Muslim Society & its dynamicsSilsila ( Suhrwardiya, Qadriya, Naqshbandya, Chisthiya ) Downfall and Deformation of Muslim Society/Rule in

Downfall and Deformation of Muslim Society/Rule in Sub-continent & its factors.Chisthiya ) Evolution of a Muslim Society & its dynamics Study Area – III: Personalities and

Study Area – III: Personalities and Reformist Movements

2010 - Aligarh and Deoband movements had great contrast in their views and mission and

their leaders were at daggers drawn with each other. Discuss.

2010 Shah Waliullah realized "The renaissance of Islam and Muslim Society can not be

affected until the intellectual life of the Muslims is re-oriented." Discuss Critically.

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2009 – What specific steps were initiated by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan which later on became the

agenda points of the movement for Pakistan? How did these steps orient the Political system

in Pakistan?

2009 – Keeping in view the diverse Muslim reformist Movements of the subcontinent,

delineate the sequential unity in the formulation of the ideology of Pakistan.

2008 – What influence Shaikh Ahmad Sirhindi has left on the history of Muslims of India?

Discuss critically.

2008 - Aligarh Movement injected a new life in the dead body of the Muslim nation and

helped to regain its lost glory and prestige. Discuss.

2007 The Deoband School stood for "definite religio-political goals with limited sphere of

influence." Discuss.

2005 – Critically evaluate the contribution of fraizi movement in the life of Muslims in the

sub continent.

2004 'Aligarh is arsenal of Muslim India'(Quaid-e-Azam). Narrate briefly the role of

Aligarh for the cause of the muslims of the Subcontinent with special reference to the final phase of their independence?

2002 - The Ulemas of Nadwah attempted to make a synthesis of Modernism of Aligarh and

Conversation of Deoband in their syllabus. Discuss.

2002 State the reasons Sir Syed advanced to the Indian Muslims to eschew politics. To

what extent he was successful?

2001 - "Basically educational in character, the Aligarh Movement was not devoid of

political objectives". Discuss.

2001 – Discuss the salient aspects of Shah Waliullah's Movement and analyze its impact on

the Muslims of the Subcontinent.

Area of Focus

Sheikh Ahmed Sirhandiimpact on the Muslims of the Subcontinent. Area of Focus  His life, works & struggle

His life, works & struggle for cause of Muslims

Shah Waliullah His life, works & struggle for cause of Muslims  His life, works and ideologies.

His life, works and ideologies.

His Movement & Its impact on Muslims of sub-continent.

Syed Ahmed Shaheed and his Jihadi Movement His Movement & Its impact on Muslims of sub-continent. Altafsheikh1988@gmail.com Composed by: Redmax!

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Haji Sharee’tullah and his faraizi Movement.Prepared by: Altaf Ahmed Sheikh - CSS - 2011 Sir Syed Ahmed  His life, works

Sir Syed Ahmed- CSS - 2011 Haji Sharee’tullah and his faraizi Movement.  His life, works and multifarious

His life, works and multifarious struggle.

Contribution in enlightening Muslims socially, politically & educationally.

Aligarh MovementMuslims socially, politically & educationally.  Origin, ideology, missions, dignitaries, contributions

Origin, ideology, missions, dignitaries, contributions towards cause of Muslims.

Deoband Movemnt (Dar-ul-uloom Deoband)dignitaries, contributions towards cause of Muslims.  Origin, Purpose, ideology, scholars, struggle for cause

Origin, Purpose, ideology, scholars, struggle for cause of Muslims.

N.B => Aligarh v/s Deoband : A comparison & contrast between the two.

Nadwat-e-Ulemav/s Deoband : A comparison & contrast between the two. Study Area – IV: Events of

Study Area – IV: Events of Freedom Movement

2009 - Illustrate the role of Quaid-e-Azam for protecting the constitutional rights of Muslims

of the subcontinent from 1916-1933?

2008 - Proposals of “Cabinet Mission” (1946) could defer the establishment of Pakistan, if

accepted by Muslim League. Evaluate Critically.

2008 Quaid-e-Azam was the ambassador of “Hindu-Muslim Unity”. Discuss it in

perspective of Lukhnow Pact and what future vision depicted from the pact?

2007 Minto-Morely Reform was a "tool of change" in the political system of India. Discuss

it with special reference to the demands of Simla Deputation.

2007 – Elucidate Ideology of Pakistan. What are the reasons which contributed for the

development of two-nation-theory? Is two-nation-theory relevant after the fall of Dacca? Discuss.

2006

– Discuss the role of Muslim Majority provinces in the establishment of Pakistan.

2005

– Examine Allama Iqbal’s concept of Muslim Nationalism in the light of Allahabad

address.

2004 - "Between 1937-1947 congress policies were such as to make Pakistan inevitable'.

Discuss.

2004 - Trace the course of khilafat movement and assess its significance for the development

of Muslim nationalism?

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2004 – Account for emergence of All India Muslim League and assess its importance in Indian

politics during 1906-1913?

2003 - Examine the nature of Congress rule in the Provinces under the Government of India

Act, 1935. What was its impact on the Muslim Politics?

2003 – Discuss the ideological foundations of the "Two Nations Theory? With reference to

the contributions of Dr. Iqbal and the Quaid-i-Azam.

2002 – The Quaid-e-Azam was against the performance of “a surgical operation” on the

provinces because such a step would be a dangerous proposition and would “let loose terrible forces”. In the light of the statement, discuss the division of the Punjab and Bengal.

2001 - Make a critical comparison of the Nehru Report and the Quaid-e-Azam's Fourteen

Points.

2000 - Evaluate the policies of the Cripps Mission. To what extent were these policies

favorable for the Muslims of the sub-continent?

2000 - Analyze the significance of Lahore Resolution in the History of freedom movement.

Area of Focus

Indian Act of 1892in the History of freedom movement. Area of Focus Partition of Benagl 16 October; 1905 Shimla

Partition of Benagl 16 October; 1905of freedom movement. Area of Focus Indian Act of 1892 Shimla Deputation 1 st October; 1906

Shimla Deputation 1 st October; 1906 st October; 1906

Formation of All India Muslim League 31 st December; 1906 st December; 1906

Minto-Morley Reforms 1909Formation of All India Muslim League 31 st December; 1906 Annulment of Bengal 12 th December;

Annulment of Bengal 12 th December; 1911 th December; 1911

Delhi Durbar of 1911

Reaction of Muslims on the Annulment of Bengal

Lucknow Pact 1916of 1911  Reaction of Muslims on the Annulment of Bengal  World War- I :

World War- I : (1914-1918)

Ottoman Empire (Turkey)

Chelmsford-Montagu Reforms 1919 World War- I : (1914-1918)  Ottoman Empire (Turkey) Indian Act of 1919  Elections

Indian Act of 1919 Ottoman Empire (Turkey) Chelmsford-Montagu Reforms 1919  Elections of 1920 and 1923 Khilafat Movement 1919-1922

Elections of 1920 and 1923

Khilafat Movement 1919-19221919 Indian Act of 1919  Elections of 1920 and 1923 Muslim League Resolution of 1924

Muslim League Resolution of 1924 Elections of 1920 and 1923 Khilafat Movement 1919-1922 Nehru Report 1928 All India Muslim Conference,

Nehru Report 1928Khilafat Movement 1919-1922 Muslim League Resolution of 1924 All India Muslim Conference, Delhi. (Delhi Proposals) 1929

All India Muslim Conference, Delhi. (Delhi Proposals) 19291919-1922 Muslim League Resolution of 1924 Nehru Report 1928 Quaid-e-Azam’s Fourteen Points, 20 th March; 1927

Quaid-e-Azam’s Fourteen Points, 20 th March; 1927 th March; 1927

Simon Commission May; 19301929 Quaid-e-Azam’s Fourteen Points, 20 th March; 1927 Round Table Conferences 1930-1932 at London, England. 

Round Table Conferences 1930-1932 at London, England.Points, 20 th March; 1927 Simon Commission May; 1930  1 st Session, 12 th November;

1 st Session, 12 th November; 1930

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Gandhi-Irwin Pact, 5 th March,1931

2 nd Session, 7 th September; 1931

Communal Award 1932

3 rd Session, 17 th November; 1932.

Indian Act of 1935

Indian Act of 1935

Elections of 1937

Elections of 1937

 

Congress Ministries July; 1937 – October; 1939

All India Muslim League Annual Session, 1938, held at Patna.

Lahore Resolution, 23 rd March; 1940

Lahore Resolution, 23 rd March; 1940

Cripps Mission 30 th March; 1942

Cripps Mission 30 th March; 1942

Jinnah-Gandhi Talks (1940-1944)

Jinnah-Gandhi Talks (1940-1944)

Simla Conference

Simla Conference

Elections of 1945

Elections of 1945

 

Muslim League Legislators’ Convention, April 1946

Cabinet Mission, 24 th March;1946

Cabinet Mission, 24 th March;1946

Role of Majority Provinces in Establishment of Pakistan

Role of Majority Provinces in Establishment of Pakistan

Interim Government 1946

Interim Government 1946

rd June Plan (Lord Mountbatten) 3

rd June Plan (Lord Mountbatten)

3

Radcliffe Award, 8 th July; 1947

Radcliffe Award, 8 th July; 1947

 

Partition of Bengal and Punjab

Independence Act, 14 th July; 1947

Independence Act, 14 th July; 1947

Transfer of Power

Transfer of Power

Two-Nation Theory

Two-Nation Theory

 

Reasons for Two-Nation Theory

Validation of Two-Nation Theory after Fall of Dacca

Ideology of Pakistan

Ideology of Pakistan

Role of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (25 Dec; 1876 – 11 Sept; 1948)

Role of Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah (25 Dec; 1876 – 11 Sept; 1948)

 

As an Ambassador of Hindu-Muslim Unity

As consolidator of Nascent State of Pakistan

Allama Muhammad Iqbal (9 Nov; 1877 – 21 April; 1938)

Allama Muhammad Iqbal (9 Nov; 1877 – 21 April; 1938)

Study Area – V: Post-partition Events Development/Issues/Problems

2010 – How far is it correct to say Quaid-e-Azam consolidated the nascent state of Pakistan?

Comment.

2006 – Assess the account for the problems which Quaid-e-Azam had to face as Governor

General of Pakistan.

2003 - The so-called 'Instrument of Accession' of Bharat with Kashmir "is fraudulent and

impossible to accept" as it is "based on violence". In the light of the Quaid-i-Azam’s statement

make a comparison and correlation of the State of Jammu and Kashmir with the State of Junagadh, Manavadhar, Mangrol, Sardargarh, Bantva and Hyderabad etc.

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2003 - To what extent the version of Francis Mudie was true that "the greatest danger* to

Pakistan in 1947 was "the refugee problem in West Punjab" and how did the Policy-makers of Pakistan respond to it?

2003 - “Muhammad Ali Formula was practicable compromise between the two wings of

Pakistan on the questions of representation.” To what extent, it was acceptable to both the wings of Pakistan?

2003 – As a result of British-Hindu conspiracy on the eve of independence the State of

Pakistan winch ultimately emerged in August 1947, was not so strong as visualized by the

Quaid-e-Azam but only a "mutilated", ^moth-eaten* and "truncated" Pakistan. Elucidate.

2002

- Why ONE-UNIT was created and subsequently abolished? Explain.

2000

- Analyze the main causes of the debacle of East Pakistan. What are its consequences on

the history of Pakistan?

2000 - Give a critical appraisal of the constitutional crisis during the period of Governor

General Ghulam Mohammad. Write its effects on the subsequent history of Pakistan.

Area of Focus

Early Problems of Pakistanon the subsequent history of Pakistan. Area of Focus  Administrative Problems  Financial Constraints 

Administrative Problems

Financial Constraints

Refugees Problems

Constitutional Crisis

Territorial Disputes

Canal Water Dispute

Kashmir Dispute

Delay in Constitution Making in various eras till 1973.Disputes  Canal Water Dispute  Kashmir Dispute Separation of West Pakistan (Bangladesh) Creation and

Separation of West Pakistan (Bangladesh)Delay in Constitution Making in various eras till 1973. Creation and Abolition of ONE Unit. Study

Creation and Abolition of ONE Unit.eras till 1973. Separation of West Pakistan (Bangladesh) Study Area – VI: Ongoing Problem/Issues &

Study Area – VI: Ongoing Problem/Issues & Developmental Projects

2010 - Compare and contrast the resistance movement of East Pakistan with the present

movement of Balochistan. Suggest remedies.

2010 – What is meant by National Reconciliation? What are its ingredients? Can we equate

National Reconciliation with National Reconciliation Ordinance?

2009 - In spite of strong research base, rich lands, reasonable water resources and various

land reforms why agriculture remained less developed in Pakistan?

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2009 Compare and contrast the dynamics of recent civil society Movement with other

movements in the history of Pakistan? What impact would it print on Future of Pakistan?

2008 - What are principal industries of Pakistan and what problems Government of Pakistan

is facing for its industrial development?

2008 – What is “Judicial Activism”? Has it brought Pak-Judiciary in the state of morality in

the recent past? Give suggestion for the independence of Judiciary.

2006 - Describe the distribution of Iron and Steel industry of Pakistan. Evaluate its role in

the industrial development of the country.

2006 Summarize the government measures to improve the agricultural productivity in the

light of introducing new irrigation projects.

2005 – Account for the initial concentration of agro based industry in the manufacturing belt

of Pakistan.

2004 - Throw light on the steps taken under various Governments for the promulgation of

Islamic system in the country?

2004 – What do you know about water crisis in Pakistan? Also suggest concrete steps for its

solution.

2002

What are the problems of industrialization in Pakistan? How they can be solved?

2001

– Write an analytical essay on the growth of population in Pakistan after Independence

and underscore its effects on the country's socioeconomic climate.

2000 - Discuss Corruption as number one problem of Pakistan. What practicable and feasible

steps should be taken to eradicate this menace.

Area of Focus

Nuclear Cooperation With Chinashould be taken to eradicate this menace . Area of Focus  Civil Nuclear Deal 

Civil Nuclear Deal

Reservations of US and India & its rebuttal

Newest Treaties/Pacts/Agreements/RatificationsDeal  Reservations of US and India & its rebuttal  APTTA  IP Revived, CORE-100

APTTA

IP Revived, CORE-100

Floods of Biblical Proportion APTTA  IP Revived, CORE-100  Causes & Implications  Damage & Relief

Causes & Implications

Damage & Relief Statistics

Effect on Infrastructure, Agriculture & Economy

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Water Crisis/Management in PakistanPrepared by: Altaf Ahmed Sheikh - CSS - 2011  Its Causes , Effects and Solutions

Its Causes, Effects and Solutions

Energy Crisis/Managementin Pakistan  Its Causes , Effects and Solutions  Its Causes, Effects and Solutions 

Its Causes, Effects and Solutions

On-going as well as Future Plans to tackle this problem

Agricultural Products On-going as well as Future Plans to tackle this problem  Irrigation Network/Projects/System/Canals etc 

Irrigation Network/Projects/System/Canals etc

Problems in cultivation

Major Industriesetc  Problems in cultivation  Problems of Industrialization Educational Development

Problems of Industrialization

Educational DevelopmentMajor Industries  Problems of Industrialization  National Education Policy  Literacy/Illiteracy

National Education Policy

Literacy/Illiteracy rates and measures to improve.

Taxation Reforms Literacy/Illiteracy rates and measures to improve.  Inland Revenue System (IRS)  RGST (VAT)

Inland Revenue System (IRS)

RGST (VAT)

Miscellaneous IssuesReforms  Inland Revenue System (IRS)  RGST (VAT)  Corruption  Nepotism  Family Politics

Corruption

Nepotism

Family Politics (Dynastical System)

Any Significant Bill Passed by Parliament e.g Child Protection Bill 2010.

Study Area – VII: Land, Geography, Resources, Climate, Culture, Federation of Pakistan

2007 – "Pakistan is a federation in form and unitary in spirit." Discuss it keeping in view the

strengths and weakness of Federation of Pakistan.

2006 - Political map of Pakistan is the outcome of its geo-strategic location. Give a reasoned

account for the statement.

2006 – Highlight the various characteristics of Pakistani culture. Bring out the importance of

customs and traditions in the society.

2005

– Define and explain the geographic inertia and its role in the development of Pakistan.

2000

- Write a note on Balochistan; its area, population, economy, education and the

problems of the people.

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Area of Focus

What is federation?Prepared by: Altaf Ahmed Sheikh - CSS - 2011 Area of Focus  Strengths and weaknesses

Strengths and weaknesses of Pakistan as federation

Geo-strategic location of Pakistan Strengths and weaknesses of Pakistan as federation  Geo-strategic importance of Pakistan Culture of

Geo-strategic importance of Pakistan

Culture of Pakistan: A blend of socio-religio-ethno idiosyncrasiesof Pakistan  Geo-strategic importance of Pakistan Study Area – VIII: Miscellaneous 2010 - Pakistan's

Study Area – VIII: Miscellaneous

2010 - Pakistan's industry is providing jobs to various categories of workers and is earning

foreign exchange for the country. Comment.

2010 Why military of Pakistan intervened in Pakistan's politics? What is the role of the

present leadership to de-politicize army? Give specific measures.

2009 - Discuss and debate the diplomatic stance of Pakistan regarding “war on terror “. How

can it be improvised in the current geo-political situation?

2009 – Referring to the evolution of Political System, identify the commonalities in among the

martial law administrators of Pakistan?

2008

– The Constitution of Pakistan (1973) is the “mouth piece of Islam”. Discuss.

2007

– Local government system under the "Devolution of Power Plan 2001" has miserably

failed in delivering service to the

Discuss.

2005 – Address the importance of Pakistan’s relations with the European Union for the

foreign policy of Pakistan as a whole.

2002 There is an “unbridgeable gulf between Hinduism and Islam and their followers

existed together in the same land for hundreds of years like two streams which continue to un parallel to each other indefinitely, without ever becoming one body of water”. Elucidate.

2001 - 'The US attack on Afghanistan in October 2001 has had serious repercussions for

Pakistan". Discuss.

2001 - Write a comprehensive essay on the promulgation of Islamic system in Pakistan with

special reference to the role played by the Ulema in the process.

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Area of Focus

Phases of Government from 1947-2010Prepared by: Altaf Ahmed Sheikh - CSS - 2011 Area of Focus  Military Interventions and

Military Interventions and its causes, implications.

PAK-EU Relationships Military Interventions and its causes, implications. Pakistan’s role in ‘War on Terror’ and its

Pakistan’s role in ‘War on Terror’ and its implicationsand its causes, implications. PAK-EU Relationships Latest Developments  Pak-US Strategic Dialogues 

Latest Developmentsrole in ‘War on Terror’ and its implications  Pak-US Strategic Dialogues  Sino-Pak Nuclear Deal

Pak-US Strategic Dialogues

Sino-Pak Nuclear Deal

Iran-Pakistan Gas Pipeline

Recent changes in Indo-Pak relations

Afghan-Pakistan Trade Transit Agreement (APTTA)

Any further development occurring till February; 2011.

Study Area – VIII: Short Notes

2010

2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 – No Notes.

2004

– a. Objective resolution b. Six points of Mujeeb ur Rehman c. Pakistan's role in the war against terrorism.

2003

– (a) Problems of Educational System in Pakistan

(b)

Geo-Political; position of Pakistan.

(c)

"Pakistan is a rich country where poor people live."

2002

– No Notes.

2001

- (i) Chaudhri Rehmat AH.

(ii)

Allama Iqbal.

(iii)

Kashmir conflict.

(iv)

Kalabagh Dam.

2000

- (a) Assassination of Liaquat Ali Khan.

(b)

The salient features of the Constitution of 1956.

(c)

Unemployment in Pakistan.

Wish you Best of Luck!

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