Sie sind auf Seite 1von 15

International Law Study Plan

Muhammad Faisal ul Islam Advocate

mfaisalulislam@yahoo.com Contact: 0333-7-089-089 0333-65-87-420 7/23/2012

International Law Study Plan for CSS2014

STUDY AREA I

Introduction to International Law


Definitions of International Law
2010 Give such a definition of International Law which could cover all the modern trends in it? 2008 John Austin says International Law is not a real Law, but a positive International Morality. Do you agree with him? Give arguments in support of your answer. 2007 "In the absence of any form of international legislature of democratic states, international law was said to be based upon the consent of the states upon their individual acceptance of its principles and rules." Discuss. 2005 Define International Law. Do you agree with John Austins concept International Law is not a true law, but a positive international morality? Elaborate your answer with appropriate arguments.

Nature Basis and Object of International Law


2011 "As the basis of the Law of Nations is the common consent of the member states of the Family of Nations, it is evident there must exist as many sources of international law as there are facts through which such common consent can possibly come into existence." (Oppenheim). Discuss 2009 How far do you think that International Law is based on common consent of States? Evaluate importance of customary law and treaty law as binding in this regard. 2001 Explain in detail the object, purpose and basis of international law.

Compiled by: Muhammad Faisal ul Islam Advocate

Cell: 03336587420

Page 1

International Law Study Plan for CSS2014

Historical Development of International Law


2013 International law is a product of centuries - elaborate the statement in view of the scientific development and codification of the law.

Sources of International Law


2013 While customs form the major part of International Law it is conventions that make it more authentic and applicable. Discuss. 2005 What are the sources of International Law? Discuss any two of them in detail.

Subjects of International Law


2013 - States continue to be the principal subjects of international legal relations but non-state entities too exert a great deal of influence on the legal system. Examine the statement with reference to rights and duties of international organizations under law. 2011 - "International Law is primarily concerned with the rights, duties and interests of states." Examine this statement with reference to the place of individuals and nonstate entities is International Law. 2010 What is meant by 'Subjects of International Law'? Justify Individuals as the Subjects of International Law by giving appropriate examples. 2009 Define International personality and discuss various entities as International Legal person. 2008 Briefly and precisely define SUBJECTS International Law. Do you agree that INDIVIDUALS can be considered as subjects of International Law? Give appropriate Examples in this regard. 2006 International Law is a Law regulating the rights and duties of states and creating no rights and imposing no duties on individuals. Do you agree with this statement? Why or why not? Argue. 2005 What does Subjects of international law mean? Discuss individuals as subjects of International Law. Elaborate your answer with the appropriate examples.

Compiled by: Muhammad Faisal ul Islam Advocate

Cell: 03336587420

Page 2

International Law Study Plan for CSS2014

Relationship Between International And Municipal Law


2000 Explain the rules which govern the application of International Law by Municipal Courts. Give your answer in the light of the court practice with special reference to the British and American Courts.

AREAS OF FOCUS:
Various definitions of International Law covering all modern trends. Nature, Object and Purpose of international law. International Law is not a real Law; International Law is positive International
Morality (John Austin). Discuss.

Basis of International Law

Positive School International Law is based on common consent of States Historical Development of International Law International Law is product of centuries Sources of International law. Subjects of International Law (Rights and Duties of Subjects) States as Primary Subjects of International Law Individuals as Subjects of International Law Organizations and Non-state entities as subjects of International Law Relationship Between International And Municipal Law and Court Practice of International Law

Compiled by: Muhammad Faisal ul Islam Advocate

Cell: 03336587420

Page 3

International Law Study Plan for CSS2014

STUDY AREA II

Law of Peace
(States, Territory, Sovereignty, Recognition, Succession, Jurisdiction, Nationality Extradition, Asylum Diplomatic Agents and Treaties)

Territory
2009 Territory is undoubtedly the basic character of a state as well as widely accepted elaborate with reference to exclusive rights of states on Land and Air territory.

Sovereignty
2012 Lord Curzon once said, Frontiers are indeed the razors edge on which hang suspended the modern issues of war or peace, of life or death to nations. Explain in this light the various modes of acquisition of territory by a state. 2010 Discuss various modes of Acquisition of Territorial Sovereignty by the states acknowledged in International Law. 2004 Fully explain the duties of a Sovereign State with special reference to: 1. Not to interfere in the domestic affairs of another state 2. To refrain from use of threat of use force against another state

Recognition
2013 - Define Recognition and explain its kinds. Also point out the difference between recognition of states and governments. 2012 - Non-recognition of a government can be amounted to denying the recognition of the state itself as it is the governments that do international business on behalf of the states. Argue in affirmative this statement with particular reference to Constitutive Theory of Recognition. 2011 - "The Subject of Recognition is one of the most difficult branches of international law, not merely from the points of view of exposition of principles, but also intrinsically by reason of many difficulties which arise in practice." Discuss

Compiled by: Muhammad Faisal ul Islam Advocate

Cell: 03336587420

Page 4

International Law Study Plan for CSS2014 2010 Define Recognition. Differentiate between Defacto and Dejure Recognition. 2008 Discuss Recognition. Differentiate between de-jure and de-facto recognition. What are the disabilities of an unrecognized state? 2007 "What is meant by RECOGNITION of STATES as a member of FAMILY of NATIONS? State the different modes of such recognition. 2006 What is the duty of other states in case of internal revolt in an independent state? Can they help the rebels? Under what circumstances recognition may be accorded to the rebels? 2003 Describe the legal nature of recognition of states, with particular reference to difference between defacto and Dejure recognition. 2003 Short Notes: De facto recognition 2000 What do you understand by 'Recognition of States' and 'Recognition of Governments? Explain fully the distinction between Recognition Dejure and Recognition Defacto.

Jurisdiction
2009 Define State jurisdiction and explain how domestic jurisdiction can be limited by and reduced by principles of International Law? 2003 Discuss the term State jurisdiction with reference to 1. Maritime belt 2. Port 3. Foreigners 4. Floating island

Nationality
2003, 2012 - Short Notes: Double nationality 2002, 2007 Explain the various modes of acquiring and losing NATIONALITY. What is DOUBLE NATIONALITY and STATELESSNESS? 2001 - Define nationality. What are neutral and neutralized states? 2000 - Short Notes: Nationality

Compiled by: Muhammad Faisal ul Islam Advocate

Cell: 03336587420

Page 5

International Law Study Plan for CSS2014

Extradition
2003, 2007, 2012 Short Notes: Extradition 2008 - Give precise definition of Extradition. Write a comprehensive essay on extradition by covering all its aspects. 2005 - Discuss the concept of extradition. Explain main principles of extradition. Discuss also the crimes exempted from extradition.

Asylum
2008 Differentiate between Territorial and Extra-Territorial Asylum. Under which circumstances an Embassy or Consulate can offer asylum to a fugitive/offender of the territorial State?

Diplomacy and Diplomatic Agents


2011 Define Diplomatic Envoy. Give a short account of the functions, privileges and immunities of the diplomatic envoys accredited to other states. 2009 Describe Importance of diplomacy in interstate relations and discuss the concept of diplomacy and immunity? 2006 - A Pakistani citizen working in the embassy of a foreign country in Islamabad, has committed an offence against another Pakistani citizen. The Pakistani police want to arrest such person. However, the ambassador is refusing to handover the accused to the police with the plea that the accused has a diplomatic immunity. Do you agree with the pleas of the ambassador? Why or why not? 2003 State the various kinds and classes of diplomatic agents and mention their Privileges and Immunities 2002 State immunity has become a mere fiction which the law can do without. The principle is gradually withering away, a process already under way and constantly gaining momentum. Do you agree? Give reasons in support of your answer.

Treaties
2012 What are the various kinds of treaties in international law? Explain the laws about formation, interpretation and termination of treaties.

Compiled by: Muhammad Faisal ul Islam Advocate

Cell: 03336587420

Page 6

International Law Study Plan for CSS2014 2009 How far do you think that International Law is based on common consent of States? Evaluate importance of customary law and treaty law as binding in this regard 2002, 2007 Coercion against a state renders a Treaty invalid. Discuss main features of the principles. Also elaborate TWO other methods of rendering invalid the consent of a State to be bound by a treaty. 2003, 2007 State and discuss in brief the various steps mentioned by Starke in the creation of legal obligation by a treaty. 2000 Define a Treaty. State how are they concluded and terminated?- Explain it in the light of Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties 1969. 2002 What do you understand by international institutions? Discuss their status and functions as subject of international law. 2002 Short Note: Pacta Sunt Servanda 2001 Discuss Kashmir dispute in the light of Right of self determination UN Security Council resolution Non-interference in internal affairs legal status of election in Kashmir Simla agreement

AREAS OF FOCUS:
Modes of Acquisition of Territorial Sovereignty and Duties of a Sovereign
State Rights and Duties of a sovereign state Recognition and its types and difference between Defacto and Dejure. Jurisdiction and limitations Nationality, Double Nationality and Statelessness Extradition, Principles of extradition, Crimes exempted from extradition. Asylum, Types and Conditions for Asylum Diplomatic Agents, Importance of diplomatic relations, Classes of diplomatic agents and their Privileges and Immunities Treaties Pacta Sunt Servanda Kashmir Dispute Legal status, history, conventions, solutions.

Compiled by: Muhammad Faisal ul Islam Advocate

Cell: 03336587420

Page 7

International Law Study Plan for CSS2014

STUDY AREA III

LAW OF SEA
2013 - Why is the third UN convention on the law of sea (UNCLOS-III) considered a vast diplomatic and legal undertaking and what has made it different to the earlier efforts on the subject? 2012, 2005 - Short Notes: Continental Shelf 2002 - Short Notes: Territorial waters 2001 - Write short notes on any three of the following in the light of convention on the law of sea 1982 and our maritime zone act of 1976. You must discuss the nature of jurisdiction, right and duties. Internal Water Continental Shelf Territorial Waters Land locked State EEZ

High Seas

2008 Define High Seas. Explain the concept of Freedom of High Seas along-with restrictions over it. 2006 Discuss the extent to which a state can claim jurisdiction over the high seas in war and peace. Is an appropriation by a state of the underwater soil allowed in International Law? 2000 - Short Notes: High Seas

International Rivers
2003 Describe international rivers. State the principles of law, regulating the use of water and navigation in international rivers. 2001 Write a comprehensive note on international rivers and international canal.

AREAS OF FOCUS:
1) High seas, International Waters Claims and Jurisdiction 2) Landlocked zones 3) Law/regulations governing International Waters

Compiled by: Muhammad Faisal ul Islam Advocate

Cell: 03336587420

Page 8

International Law Study Plan for CSS2014

STUDY AREA IV

Law of War
International Disputes

(Settlement of International Disputes, Intervention, Law of War, Neutrality and Blockade)

2010, 2008, 2005, 2004, 2002 - Discuss in detail amicable means for settlement of international disputes. 2001 - Discuss Kashmir dispute in the light of 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Right of self determination UN Security Council resolution Non-interference in internal affairs legal status of election in Kashmir Simla agreement

Intervention
2012 - Explain with reference to the relevant articles of the UN Charter that whether the world body is authorized to intervene in the domestic jurisdiction of its member states. 2006 Whatever the morality of intervention, states have no right under International Law to intervene on the territory of other states in order to prevent alleged crimes against humanity or to uphold human rights norms. Discuss. 2004 The frequent Interventions have challenged the validity of some of fundamental principles of International Law. What are those principles? Discuss in the light of interventions in Afghanistan and Iraq by the super-powers. 2000 - Short Notes: Intervention

Neutrality
2010 - Discuss the concept of Neutralization. How is it done? Explain the Rights, Duties and Guarantees given to a neutralized state. 2005 - Differentiate between Neutralized and Neutral States. Discuss the rights and duties of a neutral state.

Compiled by: Muhammad Faisal ul Islam Advocate

Cell: 03336587420

Page 9

International Law Study Plan for CSS2014 2003, 2007 - Short Notes: Neutrality 2001 Define nationality. What are neutral and neutralized states?

Blockade
2004 Define Blockade. What are the essentials of real and binding Blockade? What does it terminate? Refer to leading cases. 2000 - Short Notes: Blockade 2000

Law of War
2010 Give an account of the efforts of international community to protect the civilian population from the effects of war. 2005 Short Notes: Rights of Prisoners of War 2004 How are Prisoners of war to be treated under International Law? Explain with reference to various conventions.

AREAS OF FOCUS:
1) 2) 3) 4) Modes of resolving International disputes. Intervention Law of War and Prisoners of War- Their rights, status and treatment Neutrality, Neutral and Neutralized states, Rights and duties of a Neutral and Neutralized states. 5) Blockade

STUDY AREA V
Compiled by: Muhammad Faisal ul Islam Advocate Cell: 03336587420 Page 10

International Law Study Plan for CSS2014

Modern Trends
United Nations Organization
2013 - Keeping in view the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). What can be a reform agenda in your opinion for making the UN more effective? 2012 - Does the customary international law grant the right to use force to a state in response to a terrorist attack on it? Substantiate your answer by arguing from Article 51 and Paragraph 4 of the Article 2 of the UN Charter and other recent examples in this regard. 2011 - "All the major issues on voting in the Secretary Council are now satisfactorily resolved. The real problem today is about the composition of the Security Council." Discuss 2011 - Elucidate and justify: "The United Nations inspite of its imperfections is the only organizations that can save humanity from disaster and complete annihilation." 2011 - "The Practice of United Nations Organization Show that while the principle of Self-Determination is agreed upon, neither the scope of its application nor the method of decolonization has been settled." Discuss 2009 - How far has the United Nation succeeded in developing a comprehensive system of Human Rights protection? Can emphasis on social justice and Human rights lead to a stable International Order? 2009, 2010 Keeping in view the objectives of the charter seeking to establish a mechanism of peace and security how far has United Nations succeeded in confronting changes in Global society? 2000 Critically examine the powers and the voting procedure of the U.N. Security Council.

VETO
2012 - What is Veto? How, when and by whom it is used? What consequences Pakistan had to face in the past because of its use by a former superpower? 2003, 2007 What is "VETO"? How, when and by whom it is used?

International Court of Justice


2013 Explain the structure and powers of the International Court of Justice and assess the importance of the principles laid down in judicial decisions of leading

Compiled by: Muhammad Faisal ul Islam Advocate

Cell: 03336587420

Page 11

International Law Study Plan for CSS2014 cases as precedents for states. 2009 How far has the United Nation succeeded in developing a comprehensive system of Human Rights protection? Can emphasis on social justice and Human rights lead to a stable International Order? 2007 Short Note - International court of justice 2001 The jurisdiction of international court of justice depends on the consent of the parties concerned. Discuss. 2000 - Write a detailed note on the International-court of Justice with particular reference to its powers to exercise jurisdiction over disputant states.

Prize Courts
2002, 2012 Short Notes: Prize courts 2006 Describe the functions of a Prize Court. What law does it administer?

Human Rights
2007, 2012 Universal Declaration of Human Rights 2002 The Geneva Convention 1929

Important International Cases


2005 Short Notes: Scotia Case 2004 Enumerate the principles of International Law involved in the decision of Corfu Channel Case. Assess the impact that decision on the growth and development of International Law. 2001 Enumerates with short explanation the main principles discussed in any two of the following cases. 1. Lotus case 2. Clarence Thomas and Anita hill case 3. American diplomat case 2000 Short Notes: Corfu Channel Case, U.K.V. Albania(1948), I.C.J. Rep. 1949. 2000 Short Notes: Chorzow Factory case, Germany V. Poland (1928) , P.C.I.J. Rep. Ser. A, No.17

Compiled by: Muhammad Faisal ul Islam Advocate

Cell: 03336587420

Page 12

International Law Study Plan for CSS2014

Hijacking
2004 Explain how the problem of Hijacking has been dealt with under the International Law? 2000 - Short Notes: High jacking

AREAS OF FOCUS:

United Nations (UNSC, VETO International Court of Justice Prize Courts Universal Declaration of Human Rights The Geneva Convention 1929 International Law Cases 1. Scotia Case 2. Corfu Channel Case 3. Lotus Case 4. Clarence Thomas and Anita Hill Case 5. American Diplomat Case 6. Chorzow Factory Case Hijacking

Miscellaneous Short Notes


2002, 2012 - Protectorate
Compiled by: Muhammad Faisal ul Islam Advocate Cell: 03336587420 Page 13

International Law Study Plan for CSS2014 2003, 2007 - International boundaries 2002 - Kellogg Briand Pact 1928 2002 - State Servitude 2002 - Monroes Doctrine 2002 - Equality of States 2002 - Doctrine of Postliminium 2002 - Continuous Voyage 2000 - Human Rights 2000 - Exclusive Economic Zone 2000 - Calvo Clause

Wish You Good Luck!

Compiled by: Muhammad Faisal ul Islam Advocate

Cell: 03336587420

Page 14