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*T2161110*

T216/R
Module Examination 2011 CISCO NETWORKING (CCNA)
Wednesday, 19 October 2011 10.00 am 1.00 pm

Time allowed: 3 hours

There are TWO parts to this paper: attempt BOTH of them and follow carefully the instructions in each. Part 1 60% of the examination marks. This part contains EIGHT questions and you should attempt ALL of them. You are advised to spend about 1 hour 50 minutes on this part. Part 2 40% of the examination marks. This part contains THREE questions, of which you should attempt TWO. You are advised to spend about 1 hour 10 minutes on this part. At the end of the examination Check that you have written your personal identifier and examination number on each answer book used. Failure to do so will mean that your work cannot be identified. Put all your used answer books together with your signed desk record on top. Fasten them in the top left corner with the round paper fastener. Attach this question paper to the back of the answer books with the flat paper clip.

Copyright 2011 The Open University

PART 1

This part carries 60% of the total examination marks. You should attempt ALL the questions. Each question carries a different mark as shown at the end of each question. Your answers should be written in the answer book provided, stating the question numbers in the box on the front page. You are advised to spend about 1 hour 50 minutes on this part.

Question 1

With the aid of a drawing of the TCP/IP model diagram explain briefly what happens at each layer of the TCP/IP model. (9 marks) List three common methods, each using a different port, to access the command line interface (CLI) of the Cisco IOS within a router assuming all passwords set are known. Describe briefly how each method would be used and whether or not active networking services would be needed. (9 marks) Two main classifications of dynamic routing protocols are discussed in this module, namely distance vector and link state. (a) Name one example of each classification of routing protocol and describe briefly the main differences between the two classifications. (b) Which classification of routing protocol is most appropriate for use on a large network and why is this the case? (8 marks)

Question 2

Question 3

Question 4

The following incomplete output was taken from a router in a network. Note: the line numbers have been added for convenience. <output omitted> 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. C 192.168.4.0/24 is directly connected, GigabitEthernet0/0 C 192.168.0.0/24 is directly connected, Serial0/0/0 R 192.168.1.0/24 [120/1] via 192.168.0.1, 00:00:08, Serial0/0/0 R 192.168.3.0/24 [120/1] via 192.168.0.1, 00:00:08, Serial0/0/0 R 192.168.5.0/24 [120/2] via 192.168.0.1, 00:00:08, Serial0/0/0

(a) At which Cisco IOS prompt and which command was used to generate this output? (Note: provide the full command not an abbreviated version.) (b) What is the significance of the C at the beginning of line 1? (c) What does the R at the beginning of line 3 indicate and which network will be accessed?

(d) What do you understand by the difference between the metrics in lines 4 and 5? (e) What do you understand by the value 00:00:08 in line 5? (8 marks) Question 5 Describe briefly three benefits gained from implementing virtual LANs (VLANs) within an organisations network. (6 marks)
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Question 6

Wireless LANs use radio frequencies (RF) instead of cables at the physical layer of a network. Describe briefly three characteristics of radio frequencies which sets this mode of transmission apart from cable transmission. (6 marks) Given the IPv6 address 2001:0DB8:0000:0008:0000:0000:0000:8001 answer the following: (a) What is the official term for the IPv6 address as shown above? (b) Write down the shortest possible representation of this address. (c) In the case of the above IPv6 address write down the full Interface ID. (5 marks)

Question 7

Question 8

Given an address block 10.0.0.0/8 create 100 subnets. Identify 25th and VLSM for a further 50 subnets. How many hosts will each VLSM subnetwork support? Assume subnet 0 is used. Show all of your working. (9 marks)

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TURN OVER 3

PART 2

This part carries 40% of the total examination marks. You should attempt TWO questions from this Part. Each question carries twenty marks. You are advised to spend about 1 hour 10 minutes on this part.

Question 9

This question is about switches and switching. (a) LAN switches may be thought of as layer 2 devices. What do you understand by this statement and what address type is used by the switch to achieve network connections? Describe briefly how these addresses are used by the switch to achieve interconnectivity between hosts. (4 marks) (b) Layer 2 redundancy is an important component in a hierarchical switched network topology, explain how this redundancy is used in this context. What issue is caused by redundancy within such a network and how is this issue overcome? (7 marks) (c) Explain why VLAN Trunking Protocol (VTP) is necessary on large networks and describe what each of the three VTP modes; server, client and transparent do within a network by considering how their functions differ. (9 marks)

Question 10

This question is about routers and routing. (a) What method is used by a router to filter traffic into or out of a network? Write a configuration script that would permit addresses in range 192.168.16.0 to 192.168.31.0 to exit on serial interface 0/0/0 on router hostname R1 but deny access to all other addresses on that interface. (6 marks) (b) Describe how dynamic IP routing protocols are used by routers to share information about the reachability and status of remote networks. Your description should include: (i) (ii) how routers learn about remote networks; where the information learnt is stored; (7 marks) (c) Explain what you understand by a routing loop and the effect it may have on a network. Describe two of the most common ways that routing loops are controlled. (7 marks)

(iii) how the decision as to where to route the message is made.

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Question 11

This question is about using commands to configure and troubleshoot networks. (a) Give an explanation of each of the Cisco IOS commands listed below. Your explanation should include when the command is used, what it does and at which device and interface mode (prompt) it is normally entered. show ip protocols version 2 bandwidth 256 show interfaces fa0/10 switchport ip dhcp pool excluded-address 192.168.100.1 192.168.100.9 (14 marks) (b) The following commands may be used to aid troubleshooting a network. Describe briefly what each command does and which ISO model layers each command tests. ping traceroute telnet (6 marks)

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T216 October 2011