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#include<reg51.

h> sbit dig_ctrl_4=P1^0; //Declare the control pins for the seven segments sbit dig_ctrl_3=P1^1; sbit dig_ctrl_2=P1^2; sbit dig_ctrl_1=P1^3; sbit buzzer=P3^7; sbit resetalarm=P1^5; //Reset alarm pin to reset the alarm. sbit resetclock=P1^4; //Reset clock pin to reset the clock. sbit start=P3^3; // Start pin for starting the clock after time setting sbit incr=P1^7; // Increment pin to increase the digits during time setting. sbit set=P1^6; // Set pin to set the time. int sel_seg_to_incr=0; int ret_seg_to_incre=0; int recnt_incr_seg; int begin; unsigned char dig_disp=0; int min2=0; int min1=0; int sec2=0; int sec1=0; int minalarm2=0; int minalarm1=0; int secalarm2=0; int secalarm1=0; int alarmmin2=0; int alarmmin1=0; int alarmsec2=0; int alarmsec1=0; int keepmin2=0; int keepmin1=0; int keepsec2=0; int keepsec1=0; int loop=0; int mode; char dig_val[10]={0x40,0xF9,0x24,0x30,0x19,0x12,0x02,0xF8,0x00,0x10}; // Hex va lues corresponding to digits 0 to 9 void delay(int time) //Function to provide time delay. { int i,j; for(i=0;i<time;i++) for(j=0;j<1275;j++); } int setfn() // Function to select miniute and seconds digit set time. { while(set==0) { switch(recnt_incr_seg) { case 1: if(set==0) //Select the min2 digit { dig_ctrl_4=1; dig_ctrl_3=0; dig_ctrl_2=0; dig_ctrl_1=0;

recnt_incr_seg=1; ret_seg_to_incre=1; P2=dig_val[minalarm2]; delay(100); } case 2: if(set==0) //Select the min1 digit { dig_ctrl_4=0; dig_ctrl_3=1; dig_ctrl_2=0; dig_ctrl_1=0; recnt_incr_seg=2; ret_seg_to_incre=2; P2=dig_val[minalarm1]; delay(100); } case 3: if(set==0) //Select the sec 2 digit { dig_ctrl_4=0; dig_ctrl_3=0; dig_ctrl_2=1; dig_ctrl_1=0; recnt_incr_seg=3; ret_seg_to_incre=3; P2=dig_val[secalarm2]; delay(100); } case 4: if(set==0) //Select the sec1 digit { recnt_incr_seg=1; dig_ctrl_4=0; dig_ctrl_3=0; dig_ctrl_2=0; dig_ctrl_1=1; ret_seg_to_incre=4; P2=dig_val[secalarm1]; delay(100); recnt_incr_seg=1; } } } return(ret_seg_to_incre); } void increase(int a) //Function to set the minutes or seconds digit { while(incr==0) { switch(a) { case 1: // Set the min2 digit. P2=dig_val[minalarm2];

delay(100); minalarm2++; if(minalarm2==6) minalarm2=0; P2=dig_val[minalarm2]; delay(20); break; case 2: //Set the min1 digit. P2=dig_val[minalarm1]; delay(100); minalarm1++; if(minalarm1==10) minalarm1=0; P2=dig_val[minalarm1]; delay(20); break; case 3: // Set the sec2 digit. P2=dig_val[secalarm2]; delay(100); secalarm2++; if(secalarm2==6) secalarm2=0; P2=dig_val[secalarm2]; delay(20); break; case 4: //Set the sec1 digit. //recnt_incr_seg=4; P2=dig_val[secalarm1]; delay(100); secalarm1++; if(secalarm1==10) secalarm1=0; P2=dig_val[secalarm1]; delay(20); break; } } } void resetfn(mode) // Function to bring the clock to reset or set mode. { begin=1; dig_ctrl_4=1; //Enable the min2 digit and disable others dig_ctrl_3=0; dig_ctrl_2=0; dig_ctrl_1=0; if(mode==0) //Check if clock is in set alarm mode { IE=0x88; //Disable Timer0 interrupt to stop the display of clock. sel_seg_to_incr=1; recnt_incr_seg=1; P2=dig_val[keepmin2]; delay(100); minalarm2=keepmin2; minalarm1=keepmin1; secalarm2=keepsec2;

secalarm1=keepsec1; } if(mode==1) //Check if clock is in set clock mode { IE=0x80; //Disable Timer0 interrupt to stop the clock. minalarm2=min2; minalarm1=min1; secalarm2=sec2; secalarm1=sec1; sel_seg_to_incr=1; recnt_incr_seg=1; P2=dig_val[min2]; delay(100); } while(1) { if(start==0) //Check if start pin is pressed { if(mode==0) { keepmin2=minalarm2; keepmin1=minalarm1; keepsec2=secalarm2; keepsec1=secalarm1; alarmmin2=minalarm2; alarmmin1=minalarm1; alarmsec2=secalarm2; alarmsec1=secalarm1; } if(mode==1) { min2=minalarm2; min1=minalarm1; sec2=secalarm2; sec1=secalarm1; } TMOD=0x11; //Reset the timer0 TL0=0xf6; TH0=0xFf; IE=0x8A; //Enabling Timer0 interrupt to start the display of clock TR0=1; break; } if(set==0) //Check if set pin is pressed sel_seg_to_incr=setfn(); if(incr==0) //Check if incr pin is pressed increase(sel_seg_to_incr); } } void display() interrupt 1 // Function to display the digits on seven segment u sing the concept of seven segment multiplexing. { TL0=0x36; //Reload Timer0 TH0=0xf6; P2=0xFF; dig_ctrl_1 = dig_ctrl_3 = dig_ctrl_2 = dig_ctrl_4 = 0; dig_disp++;

dig_disp=dig_disp%4; switch(dig_disp) { case 0: P2=dig_val[sec1]; dig_ctrl_1 = 1; break; case 1: P2= dig_val[sec2]; dig_ctrl_2 = 1; break; case 2: P2= dig_val[min1]; dig_ctrl_3 = 1; break; case 3: P2= dig_val[min2]; dig_ctrl_4 = 1; break; } } void moveclock() interrupt 3 // Function to increment clock digits { loop++; if(loop==20) { sec1++; if(sec1==10) { sec1=0; sec2++; if(sec2==6) { sec1=0; sec2=0; min1++; if(min1==10) { sec1=0; sec2=0; min1=0; min2++; if(min2==6) { sec1=0; sec2=0; min1=0; min2=0; } } } } loop=0; }

} void main() { mode=0; set=1; //Initialize set, reset, start and incr pins as input resetalarm=1; resetclock=1; start=1; incr=1; begin=0; TMOD=0x11; //Intialize Timer 0 TL0=0xf6; //Load timer0 TH0=0xFf; IE=0x8A; //Enable Timer0 interrupt TR0=1; //Start Timer0 TL1=0xFD; TH1=0x4B; TR1=1; // Start Timer1 while(1) { h if(resetalarm==0) //Check if reset alarm pin is pressed { resetfn(0); } if(resetclock==0)//Check if reset clock pin is pressed { resetfn(1); } if(min2==alarmmin2&&min1==alarmmin1&&sec2==alarmsec2&&sec1==alarmsec1&&begin== 1)// Check for Alarm condition { buzzer=0; delay(500); buzzer=1; } } }