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Pinch Analysis Question and Answers

Questioned by Dr.Narayana (Chemical & Process Engineering, University


of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka)

Answered by Eng. Prasanna Welahetti(Chemical & Process Engineering,


University of Moratuwa, Sri Lanka)

EXERCISE 1 A heat recovery problem consists of two streams given in the Table. Stream 1 2 Type Hot Cold Supply temperature (0C) 100 10 Target temperature (0C) 40 150 Enthalpy change (kW) 12 7

1 For a minimum permissible temperature difference (dTmin) of 100C,calculate the minimum hot and cold utility requirements. 2. What are the hot and cold stream pinch temperatures? 3. If the (dTmin) is increased to 200C, what will happen to the utility requirements? EXERCISE 2 The stream data for a process are given in the Table. No 1 2 3 4 5 Steam type Hot Hot Hot Cold Cold Supply temperature (0C) 160 150 140 60 60 Target temperature (0C) 40 50 110 160 150 Enthalpy change (kW) 3.6 5.0 1.5 5.0 1.8

1. Sketch the composite curves for dTmin= 100C. 2. From the composite curves, determine the target for hot and cold utility for dT min= 200C.

Answers
EXERCISE 1
1.

Stream

Type

1 2

Hot Cold

Supply temperature (0C) 100 10

Target temperature (0C) 40 150

Enthalpy change (kW) 12 7

CP Values (KW/0C) 0.2 0.05

Hot Steam Enthalpy (kW) Temperature(C') 0 40 12 100

Cold Stream Enthalpy (kW) Temperature(C') 8 10 15 150

Heat Recovery

= () ( ) = 0.05 90 10 =4kW

Minimum Hot Utility

=7 4 =3kW

Minimum Hot Utility

=12 4 =8kW

2. Hot Pinch Utility Cold Pinch Utility = 100 = 90

3. When, = 20 Cold Stream curve is shifted to right side, New Cold Stream Enthalpy (kW) Temperature(C') 8.5 10 12 80 15.5 150

New heat duty

= 0.05 (150 80) =3.5

New Cold duty

=12 7 3.5 =8.5

EXERCISE 2 1.

No

Steam type

1 2 3 4 5

Hot Hot Hot Cold Cold

Supply temperature (0C) 160 150 140 60 60

Target temperature (0C) 40 50 110 160 150

Enthalpy change (kW) 3.6 5.0 1.5 5.0 1.8

CP Values (KW/0C) 0.03 0.05 0.05 0.05 0.02

Composite Heat Values

T (C) Range
160-150 150-140 140-110 110-60 60-50 50-40

Hot Composite(kW) Cold Composite(kW)


0.3 0.8 3.9 4.0 0.8 0.3 0.5 0.7 2.1 3.5 0 0

Hot Composite Stream Enthalpy(kW) Temperature(C) 0 40 0.3 50 1.1 60 5.1 110 9 140 9.8 150 10.1 160

Cold Composite Stream Enthalpy(kW) Temperature(C) 4.2 60 7.7 110 9.8 140 10.5 150 11 160

2.

Hot Composite Stream Temperature(C) Enthalpy(kW) 0 40 0.3 50 1.1 60 5.1 110 9 140 9.8 150 10.1 160

New Cold Composite Stream Temperature(C) Enthalpy(kW) 4.9 60 8.4 110 10.5 140 11.2 150 11.7 160

Cool duty Heat Duty

= 4.9 (from the graph) = 11.7 10.1(from the graph) =1.6kW