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1. PROPULSION (PROPELLER + RUDDER) 2. ANCHOR 3. BOW THRUSTER (IF FITTED) 4. Tug and

1. PROPULSION (PROPELLER + RUDDER)

2. ANCHOR

3. BOW THRUSTER (IF FITTED)

4. Tug and mooring lines

1. WIND 2. CURRENT 3. SEAS AND SWELL

1. WIND

2. CURRENT

3. SEAS AND SWELL

SHALLOW WATER SHIP / BANK INTERACTION

SHALLOW WATERSHIP / BANK INTERACTION

SHIP / BANK INTERACTIONSHALLOW WATER

WHAT INFORMATION IS AVAILABLE FROM THE SHIPS MANEOUVRING DATA?
WHAT INFORMATION IS AVAILABLE FROM THE SHIPS MANEOUVRING DATA?
WHAT INFORMATION IS
AVAILABLE FROM THE SHIPS
MANEOUVRING DATA?
Turning circle data Stopping distance table Speed / RPM Table Thruster characteristics if fitted Conditions
Turning circle data Stopping distance table Speed / RPM Table Thruster characteristics if fitted Conditions
Turning circle data
Stopping distance table
Speed / RPM Table
Thruster characteristics if fitted
Conditions of weather for which above data
is applicable

TURNING CIRCLE DATA

Transfer

Advanc

e

TURNING CIRCLE DATA Transfer Advanc e Tactical Diameter Final Diameter
Tactical Diameter
Tactical Diameter
Final
Final

Diameter

TURNING CIRCLE DATA Advance: The distance traveled by the centre of gravity along the original
TURNING CIRCLE DATA Advance: The distance traveled by the centre of gravity along the original
TURNING CIRCLE DATA
Advance: The distance traveled by the centre
of gravity along the original course (on the
fore and aft line).
TURNING CIRCLE DATA Transfer: the distance the vessel moves perpendicular to the original course during
TURNING CIRCLE DATA Transfer: the distance the vessel moves perpendicular to the original course during
TURNING CIRCLE DATA
Transfer: the distance the vessel moves
perpendicular to the original course during
the turn. i.e distance traveled by the centre of
gravity, measured from the original trace to
the point where the vessel has altered her
course by 90 degrees.
TURNING CIRCLE DATA Tactical Diameter: Is the transfer for 180 degrees.
TURNING CIRCLE DATA Tactical Diameter: Is the transfer for 180 degrees.
TURNING CIRCLE DATA
Tactical Diameter: Is the transfer for 180
degrees.
TURNING CIRCLE DATA Drift Angle: The angle between the ship’s fore and aft line and
TURNING CIRCLE DATA Drift Angle: The angle between the ship’s fore and aft line and
TURNING CIRCLE DATA
Drift Angle: The angle between the ship’s fore
and aft line and the tangent to the turning
circle.
The vessel turns with its bow inside and stern outside the tangent to the path

The vessel turns with its bow inside and stern outside the tangent to the path of its centre of gravity.

PIVOT POINT
PIVOT POINT

Drift Angle

The angle between the tangent to this path, the turning circle and the centerline

TURNING CIRCLE DATA Which part of the vessel makes the turning circle? The PIVOT point
TURNING CIRCLE DATA Which part of the vessel makes the turning circle? The PIVOT point
TURNING CIRCLE DATA
Which part of the vessel makes the turning
circle?
The PIVOT point
The PIVOT POINT is the point at any instant during the turn, where the line
The PIVOT POINT is the point at any instant during the turn, where the line
The PIVOT POINT is the point at any instant
during the turn, where the line drawn from the
centre of curvature of the path meets the ship’s
fore and aft line.
PIVOT POINT PIVOT POINT WHEN SHIP IS STOPPED COINCIDES WITH THE SHIP’S CENTRE OF GRAVITY

PIVOT POINT

PIVOT POINT WHEN SHIP IS STOPPED COINCIDES WITH THE SHIP’S CENTRE OF GRAVITY APPROXIMATELY AMIDSHIPS.

COG Pivot Point
COG
Pivot Point
PIVOT POINT WHEN MAKING HEADWAY TWO FORCES COME INTO PLAY FORWARD MOMENTUM OF THE SHIP.
PIVOT POINT WHEN MAKING HEADWAY TWO FORCES COME INTO PLAY FORWARD MOMENTUM OF THE SHIP.
PIVOT POINT
WHEN MAKING HEADWAY TWO FORCES COME
INTO PLAY
FORWARD MOMENTUM OF THE SHIP.
LONGITUDINAL RESISTANCE TO FORWARD
MOMENTUM CREATED BY THE WATER AHEAD OF
THE SHIP. AS A ROUGH ESTIMATE AT STEADY
AHEAD SPEED THE PIVOT POINT SETTLES SOME
WHERE BETWEEN ¼ AND 1/3 rd OF SHIPS LENGTH
FROM FORWARD.
PIVOT POINT

PIVOT POINT

PIVOT POINT
PIVOT POINT When making sternway the opposite happen and at steady astern speed. The pivot
PIVOT POINT When making sternway the opposite happen and at steady astern speed. The pivot
PIVOT POINT
When making sternway the opposite happen and at
steady astern speed. The pivot point settles
somewhere between 1/3 rd and 1/4 th of the ships length
from the stern.
TURNING CIRCLE DATA Now that we know that the pivot point is the one making
TURNING CIRCLE DATA Now that we know that the pivot point is the one making
TURNING CIRCLE DATA
Now that we know that the pivot point is the
one making the turning circle. Do you know
for how many turning circles the data is
available on the ships maneouvring booklet.
MANOEUVRING STANDARDS
MANOEUVRING STANDARDS

IMO Manoeuvring Standards (Resolution MSC.137 (76), 2002)MANOEUVRING STANDARDS Turning ability Initial turning ability Yaw checking ability & course-keeping ability Stopping

Turning abilityIMO Manoeuvring Standards (Resolution MSC.137 (76), 2002) Initial turning ability Yaw checking ability &

Initial turning abilityStandards (Resolution MSC.137 (76), 2002) Turning ability Yaw checking ability & course-keeping ability Stopping

Yaw checking ability & course-keeping abilityMSC.137 (76), 2002) Turning ability Initial turning ability Stopping ability Are the IMO Manoeuvring Standards &

Stopping abilityability Yaw checking ability & course-keeping ability Are the IMO Manoeuvring Standards & the Criteria good

ability & course-keeping ability Stopping ability Are the IMO Manoeuvring Standards & the Criteria good

Are the IMO Manoeuvring Standards & the Criteria good measure for safe navigation at sea ?

1. Turning circle Advance < 4.5 ship lengths Tactical diameter < 5 ship lengths 1.

1. Turning circle

Advance < 4.5 ship lengths1. Turning circle Tactical diameter < 5 ship lengths 1. Zig-zag test Initial Turning Ability 10

Tactical diameter < 5 ship lengths1. Turning circle Advance < 4.5 ship lengths 1. Zig-zag test Initial Turning Ability 10 0

1. Zig-zag test

Initial Turning AbilityTactical diameter < 5 ship lengths 1. Zig-zag test 10 0 rudder angle, a 10 0

10 0 rudder angle, a 10 0 heading change in less than 2.5 ship lengths.

a 10 0 heading change in less than 2.5 ship lengths. Yaw-checking and course – keeping

Yaw-checking and course – keeping ability

Overshoot angle < 25 0 in a turn when 20 0 rudder

Turning Ability

The advance should not exceed 4.5 ship lengths and the tactical diameter should not exceed 5 ship lengths in the 35 degree turning circle manoeuvre.

5 ship lengths in the 35 degree turning circle manoeuvre. Turning ability indices from sea-trial (Quadvlieg

Turning ability indices from sea-trial (Quadvlieg et al 2003)

Initial Turning Ability

With the application of 10 deg. Rudder angle to port/starboard, the ship should not have traveled more than 2.5 ship lengths by the time the heading has changed by 10 deg. from the original heading.

heading has changed by 10 deg. from the original heading. Initial turning ability indices from sea-trial

Initial turning ability indices from sea-trial (IMO DE 34/WP.7, 1991)

Yaw checking & Course-keeping

Ship should not exceed the valuesabilityof the first and second overshoot angle (solid line in the figures) in the 10⁰/10⁰ zig-zag test & 25⁰ of the first overshoot angle in the 20⁰/20⁰ zig-zag test

of the first overshoot angle in the 20⁰/20⁰ zig-zag test (a) 1st overshoot angles of 10°/10°

(a) 1st overshoot angles of 10°/10° zigzag test

( b) 2nd overshoot angles of 10°/10° zigzag test

(c) 1st overshoot angles of 20°/20° zigzag test

Yaw-checking & course-keeping abilities indices from sea- trial. (IMO DE document by the Netherlands 2000)

1. Stopping Distance Crash stop The track reach should be < 15 ship lengths At

1. Stopping Distance

Crash stop

The track reach should be < 15 ship lengths1. Stopping Distance Crash stop At the Administration’s discretion Large Displacement vessels could be allowed to

At the Administration’s discretion Large Displacement vessels could be allowed to have a max track reach of upto 20 ship lengths1. Stopping Distance Crash stop The track reach should be < 15 ship lengths

Stopping

The track reach in theAbilityfull astern stopping test should not exceed 15 ship lengths. However, this value may be modified by the Administration where the ships of large displacement make this criterion impracticable, but should in no case exceed 20 ship lengths.

impracticable, but should in no case exceed 20 ship lengths. Track reach of ships at full

Track reach of ships at full load condition (IMO DE 44/4 2000)

Stopping

Ability

Stopping A b i l i t y Appendix 3 on Stopping ability of Very Large

Appendix 3 on Stopping ability of Very Large Ships (MSC/Circ.

1053)

Prediction of stopping distance by the expression in the MSC/Circ.1053 (IMO DE 47 2004)

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