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Vessfire Simulation Report

Report generated: 17.09.2012 14:17:24

Rupture summary
Time (min) Element Pressure (barg) Comments 3,40683 16-PR-23-101-CS71 26,2489 Too high pressure: 26,2489 barg vs. 20 barg. Too much hydrocarbons in segment: 10 426,1 kg vs. 4 000 kg. 3,73425 6-PR-23-154-CS71 25,084 Too high pressure: 25,084 barg vs. 20 barg. Too much hydrocarbons in segment: 10 360,3 kg vs. 4 000 kg. 7,03648 BlowdownLine 16,7321 Too much hydrocarbons in segment: 9 834,15 kg vs. 4 000 kg. 29,257 Vessel 6,92595 Too high pressure: 6,92595 barg vs. 4,5 barg. Too much hydrocarbons in segment: 8 091,23 kg vs. 4 000 kg.

Case Definition
Vessel Vessel
Flame: Longitudinal start: 45 % Longitudinal end: 55 %

Angle from top: 5 Exposed arc: 30 Impinging Flame: Yes First blow-down valve: Diameter: 0,03344 m Contraction factor: 80 % Delay: 1 min BDV position: Longitudinal: 100 % Angular (from top): 0 Blow-down line: Diameter: 0,2143 m Wall thickness: 0,0034 m Length: 5 000 m Pressure safety valve: Type: Trapezoidal Diameter: 0,0540002 m Contraction factor: 80 % Longitudinal position: 82 % Angular position (from top): 0 Opening pressure: 42 barg Maximum-opening pressure: 44 barg Reset pressure: 30,0001 barg External longitudinal stress: 30 MPa Stress factor: 85 % Failure criterion: UTS Material: CS_360LT Material strength: 545 MPa Outer diameter: 3,338 m Wall thickness: 0,06 m Corrosion allowance: 0,002 m Length: 6,437 m Operating pressure: 38,0001 barg Operating inventory temperature: 47 C Operating shell temperature: 47 C Hydrocarbon level: 1 m Water level: 0 m Backpressure: 0 barg Environment temperature: 54,85 C Emissivity: 85 % Orientation: Horizontal

Pipes
Common pipe data: Heat load "Background" Environment temperature: 25 C

Emissivity: 100 % Heat-transfer coefficient: 100 W/m K Impinging Flame: Yes Heat load "peakload" Environment temperature: 25 C Emissivity: 100 % Heat-transfer coefficient: 100 W/m K Impinging Flame: Yes Maximum ruptured pipes: 0 Contraction factor: 80 % Pipe 6-PS-23-062-CS71 Material: CS_235LT Outer diameter: 0,1683 m Wall thickness: 0,00711 m Length: 8,846 m Mill tolerance: 12,5 % Corrosion allowance: 0 m Peak load: peakload, see common data Background load: Background, see common data Material strength: 420 MPa External longitudinal stress: 30 MPa Stress factor: 85 % Rupture criterion: UTS Initial inventory temperature: 47 C Initial shell temperature: 47 C Phase: gas Pipe 16-PR-23-101-CS71 Material: Duplex_22Cr Outer diameter: 0,4064 m Wall thickness: 0,0127 m Length: 2,107 m Mill tolerance: 12,5 % Corrosion allowance: 0,003 m Peak load: peakload, see common data Background load: Background, see common data Material strength: 730 MPa External longitudinal stress: 30 MPa Stress factor: 85 % Rupture criterion: UTS Initial inventory temperature: 47 C Initial shell temperature: 47 C Phase: gas Pipe 6-PR-23-154-CS71 Material: CS_360LT Outer diameter: 0,1683 m Wall thickness: 0,00711 m Length: 1,953 m

Mill tolerance: 12,5 % Corrosion allowance: 0,003 m Peak load: peakload, see common data Background load: Background, see common data Material strength: 545 MPa External longitudinal stress: 30 MPa Stress factor: 85 % Rupture criterion: UTS Initial inventory temperature: 47 C Initial shell temperature: 47 C Phase: liquid Pipe 12-PS-23-051-CS71 Material: SS_6Mo Outer diameter: 0,3238 m Wall thickness: 0,00953 m Length: 25,589 m Mill tolerance: 12,5 % Corrosion allowance: 0 m Peak load: peakload, see common data Background load: Background, see common data Material strength: 620 MPa External longitudinal stress: 30 MPa Stress factor: 85 % Rupture criterion: UTS Initial inventory temperature: 47 C Initial shell temperature: 47 C Phase: liquid Pipe BlowdownLine Material: CS_360LT Outer diameter: 0,2193 m Wall thickness: 0,02223 m Length: 5 m Mill tolerance: 12,5 % Corrosion allowance: 0 m Peak load: peakload, see common data Background load: Background, see common data Material strength: 545 MPa External longitudinal stress: 30 MPa Stress factor: 85 % Rupture criterion: UTS Initial inventory temperature: 47 C Initial shell temperature: 47 C Phase: gas

Components

C1: 75,868 % C2: 10,0594 % C3: 5,77988 % H2O: 5 % C4: 1,5507 % IC4: 0,523613 % C10: 0,352432 % C8: 0,342362 % C5: 0,241668 % IC5: 0,231598 % C6: 0,0503474 %

350

Background Peak

Heat Load, kW/m

300

250

200

150

100

10

20

30

40

50

60

Time, min
Figure 1: Heat loads for the vessel
Background peakload

350

Heat Load, kW/m

300

250

200

150

100

10

20

30

40

50

60

Time, min
Figure 2: Heat loads for pipes

40 Maximum average temperature Pressure in Vessel

1 100 1 000 900

35

700 25 600 500 400 15 300 200 10 100 5 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 0

20

Time, min
Figure 3: Pressure in the vessel
500 450 400 350 1 100 1 000 900

300 250 200 150 100 50 0 UTS Calculated stress Maximum average temperature Maximum Longitudinal Stress

700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35

Time, min
Figure 4: Stress in the vessel

Temperature, C

800

Stress, MPa

Temperature, C

30

800

Pressure, barg

1 100 1 000 900 Maximum steel temperature Minimum steel temperature BDV line after orifice

Temperature, C

800 700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35

Time, min
Figure 5: Steel temperatures
350 Gas temperature Oil temperature

300

Temperature, C

250

200

150

100

50

0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35

Time, min
Figure 6: Content temperatures

12 000 Oil mass Gas mass Water mass Steam mass Total mass

1 400

10 000

1 200

Liquid mass, kg

1 000

8 000 800 6 000 600 4 000 400

2 000

200

0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35

Time, min
Figure 7: Segment masses
90 80 70 Total absorbed heat flux Absorbed radiating heat flux Absorbed convective heat flux

Heat flux, kW/m

60 50 40 30 20 10 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35

Time, min
Figure 8: Absorbed heat flux

Gaseous mass, kg

6,0

5,0

Release rate, kg/s

4,0

3,0

2,0

1,0

0,0

10

15

20

25

30

35

Time, min
Figure 9: Maximum release rate
6,0 PSV gas BDV-1 gas BDV-2 gas PSV liquid BDV-1 liquid BDV-2 liquid Breakage

5,0

Mass flow, kg/s

4,0

3,0

2,0

1,0

0,0

10

15

20

25

30

35

Time, min
Figure 10: Valve flows

400 Steel temperature Ultimate stress Calculated stress Maximum Longitudinal Stress

160

350

140

300

Stress, MPa

120 250

200

100

150 80 100 60 50

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35

40

Time, min
Figure 11: Von Mises, pipe 6-PS-23-062-CS71
300 Steel temperature Ductile pressure Calculated pressure 160

250

140

200

120

150

100

100

80

50

60

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35

40

Time, min
Figure 12: With hardening, pipe 6-PS-23-062-CS71

Temperature, C

Pressure, barg

Temperature, C

600 Steel temperature Ultimate stress Calculated stress Maximum Longitudinal Stress

1 200

500

1 000

Stress, MPa

800 300 600 200 400 100

200

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35

Time, min
Figure 13: Von Mises, pipe 16-PR-23-101-CS71
250 Steel temperature Ductile pressure Calculated pressure 1 200

1 000

200

800 150 600 100 400

50 200

0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35

Time, min
Figure 14: With hardening, pipe 16-PR-23-101-CS71

Temperature, C

Pressure, barg

Temperature, C

400

500 450 400 350 Steel temperature Ultimate stress Calculated stress Maximum Longitudinal Stress

1 200

1 000

Stress, MPa

800 300 250 600 200 150 400 100 50 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 200

Time, min
Figure 15: Von Mises, pipe 6-PR-23-154-CS71
180 160 140 120 800 100 80 60 400 40 20 200 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 600 Steel temperature Ductile pressure Calculated pressure 1 200

1 000

Time, min
Figure 16: With hardening, pipe 6-PR-23-154-CS71

Temperature, C

Pressure, barg

Temperature, C

550 500 450 400 Steel temperature Ultimate stress Calculated stress Maximum Longitudinal Stress

1 200

1 000

Stress, MPa

800 350 300 600 250 200 400 150 100 50 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 0 200

Time, min
Figure 17: Von Mises, pipe 12-PS-23-051-CS71
220 200 180 160 Steel temperature Ductile pressure Calculated pressure 1 200

1 000

800 140 120 600 100 80 400 60 40 20 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 0 200

Time, min
Figure 18: With hardening, pipe 12-PS-23-051-CS71

Temperature, C

Pressure, barg

Temperature, C

500 450 400 350 Steel temperature Ultimate stress Calculated stress Maximum Longitudinal Stress

1 200

1 000

Stress, MPa

800 300 250 600 200 150 400 100 50 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 200

Time, min
Figure 19: Von Mises, pipe BlowdownLine
900 800 700 600 800 500 400 300 400 200 100 200 0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 600 Steel temperature Ductile pressure Calculated pressure 1 200

1 000

Time, min
Figure 20: With hardening, pipe BlowdownLine

Temperature, C

Pressure, barg

Temperature, C