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Gas Cylinder or Cylinder means any closed container having a volume exceeding 500 ml but not exceeding 1000 liters intended for the storage and transport of compressed gas, including any liquefies petroleum gas (LPG) container/ compressed natural gas (CNG) cylinder fitted to a motor vehicle as its fuel tank The water capacity of cylinders used for storage of CNG, nitrogen, compressed air, etc. may exceed 1000 liters up to 2500 liters provided the diameter of such cylinder does not exceed 60cm permanent gas means a gas whose critical temperature is below -10 o C that is to say a gas which cannot be liquefied under any pressure at a temperature above -10 o C;

Valves fitted on industrial gas cylinders should comply

with IS:3224 Valves fitted on LPG cylinders IS:8776 ( water capacity not exceeding 5 liters) & IS:8737 ( water capacity exceeding 5 liters) The valves shall be attached to the cylinder neck by screwing and not by making any permanent attachment or inserting adapter in between

Safety Relief devices

Cylinder containing obnoxious or poisonous gases shall

not be provided with any safety relief devices

CO, Hydro-cynic acid, Hydrogen chloride, Hydrogen Bromide,

Sulphur dioxide, Phosgene,Hydrogen Sulphide, Cynogen, Cynogen chloride

Marking on Cylinders
Every Cylinder shall be clearly and permanently marked

in accordance with following conditions by stamping, engraving or similar processes:

On the shoulder of cylinder On such a part which is inseparably bound with the cylinder

The name plate shall be affixed to the cylinder by

soldering if there is a risk of corrosion or embrittlement In conjunction with the original marking, space shall be provided for stamping the test date obtained at the periodic inspection Marking should be readable and does not give place for misreading

Marking on permanent & LPG Cyliners

Manufacturers, owners and inspectors marking

Specification to which the cylinder has been made

A symbol to indicate the nature of heat treatment given to

the cylinder during manufacture or after repair The date of the last hydrostatic test Working pressure or test pressure Tare weight Water capacity

Identification of colors
IS:4379 for Industrial Cylinders

IS:3933 for medical cylinders

Cylinder used for new gases & gas mixtures for which

identification colors are not provided shall be painted as per the following table

Name of the gas contained in the cylinder 1 Non-flammable & nontoxic Non-flammable but toxic Flammable but non-toxic other than LPG Flammable and toxic Gas Mixtures

Color of the Cylinder shell 2 White

Color of band at neck end of Cylinder 3

White White White Major gas color

Yellow Red Red and Yellow Minor gas color with band width approximately 1/5th length of cylinder

Labeling of Cylinders
Every Cylinder shall be labeled with the name of the gas

and the name & address of the person by whom the cylinder was filled with gas. A warning in the following terms shall be attached to Every gas containing permanent gas or liquefiable gas

Warning Gas Cylinder, Rules, 2004



iv. v.

Do not change the color of this cylinder This cylinder should not be filled with any other gas that it now contains No flammable materials should be stored in the close vicinity of this cylinder or in the same room in which it is kept No Oil or similar lubricant should be use on the valves ot other fittings of this cylinder Please look for next date of test, which is marked on a metal ring inserted between the valve and the neck of the cylinder, and if this date is over, do not accept the cylinder for filling

Handling & Use

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

6. 7.


Cylinders should be adequately supported during handling Conveyors, trolleys and cradles of adequate strength shall, as far as possible, be used when moving the cylinder. The cylinders shall be handled carefully and not allowed to fall upon one another or otherwise subjected to any undue shock Sliding, dropping or playing with cylinders is prohibited. LPG cylinders and cylinders containing liquefiable gases shall always be kept in upright position and shall be so place that they cannot be knocked over Cylinder used in horizontal position shall be so placed that they cannot roll over Open flames, lights, mobile phones, lighting of fires, welding and smoking shall be prohibited in close proximity to any cylinder containing flammable gases except those while in use for welding, cutting or heating. Working places shall not be classified as storage places.

Storage of Cylinders
Cylinders filled with any compresses gas shall be

stored in a cool, dry, well ventilated place under cover, away from boilers, open flames, steam pipes or any potential sources of heat and such place of storage shall be easily accessible The storage room or shed be of fire resistant construction Thin walled cylinders such as LPG shall not be stacked in a horizontal position Cylinders containing flammable gases and toxic gases shall be kept separated from each other and from cylinders containing other types of gases by an adequate distance or by a suitable partition wall Cylinders shall not be stored under conditions, which will cause them to corrode Cylinders shall not be stored along with any combustible materials

A good way to store gas cylinders

Cross - Word
1. 2. This is the color of the band for Flammable but non-toxic gas other than LPG ____________ means waste electrical & electronic equipment, whole or in part or rejects from their manufacturing or repair process, which are intended to be discarded 3. e-waste means waste _______________& electronic equipment, whole or in part or rejects from their manufacturing or repair process, which are

intended to be discarded
4. HWM This copy is to be returned by the Operator after treatment/ disposal of Hazardous waste 5. HWM This copy is to be forwarded by the occupier to the State Pollution Control Board 6. 7. This is the color of the band for Non-flammable but toxic gas Cylinder containing obnoxious or provided with any safety relief devices _____________gases shall not be


Answer to the puzzle