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We are aware of the problems we are going to face in the future due to lack of resources which helps us in the production of energy.So, if we save energy which is available today we can reduce the problem to some extent.We dont keep that interest on such problems but if we link energy with money we can limit or control unnecesssary wastage of energy.Keeping this factor in mind this equipment has been designed.This can be used for payloads like lamps and air conditioners on a private electrical line; it is also useful for paying guest houses, hotels and trains. This paper consists of the complete detaills of construction,working and areas of application of this equipment.

which counts the coins and shows the count on a 7-Segment display. When you close the load switch provided in the circuit, the relay energizes to connect the load and the display of count starts decrementing, when the count decrements to zero, the relay de-energizes to disconnect the load, This pulse is used by the micro controller to display the coin count.


List of Hardware Components Used: Semiconductors: IC1 dual timer IC2 AT89C2051 micro controller IC3 7-segment decoder/driver IC4 regulator IC5 regulator T1, T2 NPN transistor D1-D5 rectifier diode LED1-LED5

- NE556 - CD45117 - 7805 5V - 7806 6V - BC337 - IN4007 - 5mm LED

This proposed project helps us to draw power with the help of coins (say Rs.1/,Rs.2/-,Rs.5/-) like a payphone. It is an automatic coin collection device for payloads. This system makes use of a sensor for detecting the coin and a micro controller

DIS1 - LTS543 common-cathode 7-segment display Resistors (all -watt, 5% carbon): R1 - 220 R2 - 33k R3 - 220k R4, R7, R9, R25 - 330 R5, R8 - 1k R6 - 10k R10-R16 - 270 R17-R24 - 4.7k VR1 - 2.2Mpreset Capacitors: C1, C7 - 10F, 16V electrolytic C2, C3 - 0.01F ceramic disk C4 - 100F, 16V electrolytic C5, C6 - 33pF ceramic disk C8 - 1000pF, 35V electrolytic C9, C10 - 0.1F ceramic disk

- coin selection assembly

List of Softwares used: Kiel Software Preload Software In this project we are going to use micro controller which is the heart of the circuit and Kiel n Preload soft wares to run and dump the object file into the micro controller. The source program is written in Assembly language and assembled using Keil software. The source program has been well connected for easy understanding. It works as per the flow-chart.

Miscellaneous: X1 - 230V AC primary to 9V, 500mA secondary transformer RL1 - 6V, 1C/O relay LDR1 - 10mm S1 - push-to-on switch S2 - On/off switch

counter register r3 is incremented by five after insertion of one coin. When the load

First, the program initializes the microcontrollers registers, then it checks whether memory register is zero. If register r3 is zero, it goes for coin detection. Else, it proceeds to count update and display. Coinswitch is closed. Port pin P#.1 goes low. Port P1.1 goes high to energies relay R1.1. Port pin P3.2 goes low five times then display number decrements by one. Schematic diagrams:

Description: Fig. 1 shows the put coin and draw power circuit. It comprises micro controller AT89C2051 (IC2), dual timer NE556 (IC1), 7-segment decoder CD4511 (IC3), regulators 7805 and 7806(IC4 and IC5), and few discrete components. decreases with increase in the incident light intensity. The NE556 dual monolithic timing circuit is a highly stable controller capable of producing accurate time delays. It is basically a dual NE555. In the tie delay LED1 is used as the light source for light-dependent resistor LDR1, which is made of cadmium sulphide and acts as the coin detector. Resistor R1 limits the current through LED1. The light from LED1 falls continuously on LDR1, whose resistance mode of operation, the time is precisely controlled by an external resistor and capacitor. The two timers operate independently of each other, sharing only Vcc and ground. The circuits may be triggered and reset on falling waveforms

. One timer of NE556 is used for coin detection. LDR1, connected at trigger pin6 of IC1, offers low resistance when light is falling on it and its trigger input goes low to set the flip-flop and make out-put pin5 of IC1 high. When a coin is inserted, it interrupts the light falling on LDR1, and trigger pin6 of IC1 goes high to make output pin 5 low. This high-to-low pulse is used by the micro controller to display the coin count. Micro controller AT89C2051 is the heart of the circuit. It is low-voltage, highperformance, 8-bit microcontroller that features 2kB of flash, 128 bytes of RAM,15 input/output(I/O) lines, two 16-bit timers/counters, a five-vector two-level interrupt architecture , a full duplex serial port, a precision analogue comparator, onchip oscillator and clock circuitry. A 12MHz crystal is used for providing the basic clock frequency. All I/O pins are reset to 1 as soon as RST goes high. Holding RST pin high for two machine cycles, while the oscillator is running, resets the device. Power- on reset id derived from resistor R6 and capacitor C7. Switch S1 is used for manual reset. Coin-detection output pin 5 of NE556 is interfaced with port pinP.0 of the microcontroller (IC2). The microcontroller program counts the coins inserted and the count is shown on a 7-segment display. The A through D inputs of 7segment decoder IC3 are interfaced with port pins P1.4 through P1.7 of IC2. IC3 accepts the BCD input and decodes it to show on the 7-segment display. Coin detection is also indicated by LED2, which

is connected to pin P3.7 of the microcontroller. After inserting the coin, close load switch S2. Port pin P1.1 of the microcontroller goes high to drive transistor T2 into saturation. Relay RL.1 energizes and LED3 glows to indicate that the load is now switched on. D1 acts as a free-wheeling diode. As power is drawn by the load (pin P1.1 high), the count shown on the 7segment display (DIS1) decrements. Port pin P1.0 of the micro controller triggers the second timer of NE556. When trigger pin 8 of NE556 goes low, its output pin 9 goes high for a time period decided by preset VR1 and capacitor C4. The high output of timer is inverted by transistor T1 and fed to port pin P3.2 of the microcontroller receives five pulses (indicated by glowing of LED4). Fig.2 shows the power supply circuit. The 230V Ac mains is stepped down by transformer X1 to deliver the secondary output is rectified by full-wave bridge rectifier comprising diodes D2 through D5, filtered by capacitor C8 and then regulated by ICs 7805(IC4) and 7806(IC5). Capacitors C9 and C10 bypass the ripples present in regulated 5V and 6V power supplies. LED acts as the power on indicator and resistor R25 limits the current through LED5.

As actual size, single-side PCB for put-coin-draw-power circuit is shown in fig.3 a component layout in Fig.4. Write the

circuit on the PCB and check for proper connections using a multimeter. Take a 10cm long, hallow, rectangular cuboids of plastic in which a coin can be inserted easily. Drill holes on opposite sides at the centre and fixes LED1 and LDR1 such that these are placed faced to face. Align LED1 and LDR1 such that light from LED1 falls on LDR1 directly. Cover the coin-collection assembly to maintain darkness, leaving only coininsertion and coin-release holes open. Extend LED1 and LDR1 from PCB to the coin assembly using wires. When a coin inserted into the coincollection assembly, light falling on the LDR is blocked as the coin comes in between LED1 and LDR1. LDR1 offers high resistance in the absence of light and this is detected by one timer of NE556 and indicted by LED2. You can insert up to 9 coins and this count is displayed on DIS1. When you close the load switch S2, the relay energizes and load turns on. The count displayed on DIS1 starts decrementing after LED4 blinks five times. The relay de-energizes to turn the load off when the count displayed on DIS1 becomes zero. Load-on duration can be adjusted using preset VR1. Never insert the coin without pressing the reset switch S1. Proposed Budget: Approximately Rs.300/-

payloads like lamps and air conditioners on a private electrical line; it is also useful for paying guest houses, hotels and trains. In this way we can save our energy and we can use energy to our required extent and we can limit the wastage of energy as it is linked with money because we dont prefer to waste money to energy. Further advancement can be made in this equipment by keeping a load sensing device and making corresponding changes in the design.

Electronics for you magazine, august 2009 copy India edition, The 8051 micro controller, 3rd edition, AYALA Tata McGraw Hill, Embedded systems (architecture, programming and design), Second edition, RAJ KAMAL Low price edition, an embedded software primer, DAVID E.SIMON Computers as components, principles of embedded computer system design, WAYNE WOLF Tata McGraw Hill, ELECTRONIC DEVICES AND CIRCUITS, MILLMAN HALKIAS Linear integrated circuits, New age publications, ROY CHOWDHARY

In the above specified way this equipment can be constructed and can be used for