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THE PEACE TREATIES AFTER WW1

There were several peace treaties signed after the First World
War to make sure that another war would not take place. There
were four different treaties created for different countries.
These are the names of the peace treaties and their main
descriptions:
Germany: Treaty of Versailles (28 June 1919)
• 100,000 soldiers, six battleships, no airforce
• 132 billion gold marks to be paid in reparations
• Posen, Polish corridor, Alsace-Lorraine, all colonies
• Poland, Latvia, Estonia, Lithuania
Afterwards: The Dawes and Young Plans re-scheduled Germany's payments.

Austria: Treaty of Saint Germain (10 Sept 1919)


• 30,000 volunteers, no navy
• reparations agreed, but never set
• the Austro-Hungarian empire was dismantled, Tyrol lost to Italy
• Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Romania
Afterwards: Austria went bankrupt before the amount of reparations could be set.

Hungary: Treaty of Trianon (4 June 1920)

• 35,000 volunteers, three patrol boats


• 200 million gold crowns
• The Austro-Hungarian empire was dismantled
• Poland, Czechoslovakia, Yugoslavia, Romania
Afterwards: Hungary could not pay the reparations, so its payments were suspended.

Bulgaria: Treaty of Neuilly (27 Nov 1919)


• 20,000 volunteers, four torpedo boats, no air force
• 2.25 billion francs
• Land to Yugoslavia, Romania and Greece
• n/a
Afterwards: Bulgaria paid its reparations.

Turkey: Treaty of Sèvres (10 Aug 1920)


• 50,000 soldiers, seven sailboats and six torpedo boats
• None
• Smyrna and East Thrace to Greece, Rhodes to Italy
• Kurdistan, Armenia, Hejaz (Arabia). Iraq and Palestine became British mandates. Syria
became a French mandate
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I got this information from GCSE bitesize <


http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/history/mwh/ir1/othertreatiesrev2.sht
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The treaty of Versailles

The treaty of Versailles was signed in the hall of mirrors.

Reactions of the Treaties


The big three were the main decision makers of the peace
treaties that were to be made after the First World War.

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France's aims
France had lost an estimated 400,000 civilians to the war, and
much of the western front had been fought on French soil. To
win the French public, Prime Minister Georges Clemenceau
wanted to impose policies deliberately meant to damage
Germany militarily, politically, and economically so as never to
be able to invade France again.

Britain's aims
Prime Minister David Lloyd George supported reparations but to
a less extent than the French. Like the French, Lloyd George
also supported secret treaties and naval blockades. Lloyd
George managed to increase the overall reparations payment
and Britain's share by demanding compensation for the huge
number of widows, orphans, and men left unable to work
through injury, due to the war.
United States' aims
Many Americans felt eager to remove themselves from
European affairs as soon as possible. The United States took a
more sinister view toward the issue of German reparations.
American Leaders wanted to ensure the success of future
trading opportunities and favorably collect on the European
debt, and hoped to avoid future wars.