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ACKNOWLEDGMENT

“A hand works on its best with other’s encouragement and support”

The researchers deeply acknowledge the help of the barangay Captain of Sta. Rita,
Hon. Jerome Michael Bacay and the Brgy. Council for their support and cooperation;

Dean Vizabelle Pielago, RN, MAN for allowing them to have their community diagnosis
and for pushing them to strive harder to succeed;

Mr. Federico Arcala III, Mr. Billy Joe Tom and Ms. Cynthia Calma for their guidance
throughout the community activities;

The families interviewed for not hesitating to cooperate with the researchers;
Their parents, for their encouragement and their never-ending willingness to give in times of
need, be it financial or emotional;

To Almighty God for the gift of perseverance and knowledge, with Him, EVERYTHING
IS POSSIBLE.

To all those who contributed for the completion of this project, your help are deeply
acknowledged.

INTRODUCTION

Traditionally, a “community” has been defined as a group of interacting people living in


a common location. The word is thus often used to mean a group that is organized around
common values within a shared geographical location. However, the definition has evolved and
been enlarged to mean individuals who share characteristics, regardless of their location or
type of interaction. Community Organizing Participatory Action Research (COPAR) is an
emerging model of research aimed at enhancing the relevance and value of clinical research
by involving patients and community members.
Many of the complex health and social problems that have accompanied us into the
twenty-first century such as TB, Dengue, Malaria, Cholera, Diarrhea and some others have
proved ill suited to traditional approaches to research and the often disappointing community
interventions they have created. COPAR contains information on a wide variety of topics
including planning and conducting research, working with communities, promoting social
change and core research methods.
COPAR has emerged as an important method in primary care and epidemiologic
research. COPAR is a systematic investigation, with the collaboration of those affected by the
issue being studied.
The growing popularity and effective use of this approach is supported in the
literature. Community-based participatory research has been conducted on nearly all aspects
of primary health care including family planning, immunization, environmental sanitation,
geriatrics, health care and some others.
The researchers were assigned at Barangay Sta. Rita, Olongapo City. Sta. Rita is the
largest of all the 17 barangays of the City. It is bounded to the North by Sta. Rita River, to the
East by East Bajac-Bajac, to the West Mabayuan and Barangay Gordon Heights and to the
South by Barangay Old Cabalan.
Barangay Sta. Rita is generally a flat valley bounded by mountain ranges and the Sta.
Rita river that serves as the catch basin of water during rainy season. Its land elevation is
below sea level and considered the flood plain of the City of Olongapo. Flooding that occurred
can be attributed to the overflowing of the Mabayuan and Sta. Rita river where strong water
emanated from the mountains surrounding it. The shallowing of the river brought about by the
eruption of Mount Pinatubo in 1992 is also one factor in the frequent flooding of the area.
Dredging is not given priority due to insufficient funds.
In spite of all the aforesaid difficulties, Barangay Sta. Rita is considered the most
active barangay in terms of number of puroks, number of population and the vastness of land
area. Horticulture and residential lands exist.

RATIONALE

Community organizing is a process by which communities and organizations work


together to identify common problems and objectives, acquire and mobilize resources, and
create and implement actions to achieve their goals. In this studies, students will learn the
bases of facilitating community organizing processes in health promotion and education
contexts. These include research and evaluation of community organizing processes.

METHODOLOGY
A community diagnosis was assigned as a partial fulfillment of the requirements in
Community Health Development. As a part of the said activity, students were assigned to
different areas in Olongapo.

The recommended timeframe for the community diagnosis in the assigned area is at
least 16 hours divided into two weeks. During the said time the researchers are bound to
gather the data and all supporting details and analyzed them for the final paper.

Consisting of 10 members, A2 was assigned to Purok I, Barangay Sta. Rita, the largest
Barangay in Olongapo City. The group planned on the strategy to use for a more systematic
approach. On September 27, 2008, 7:30 in the morning, all the second year and third year
groups gathered at the KHG hall in Gordon College for the orientation. At nine o’clock, the
groups started their Each member is asked to interview 5 families, 50 families in total.
Details of the questionnaire provided by their instructor served as a guide on the interview.
The data collected are then tallied and analyzed.

SCOPE AND LIMITATION

In terms of population, the collection of data is limited to 50 families consisting of 262


individuals accountable for the 0.67% of the total population of Sta. Rita which is 38,905 as of
2007 and 0.64% of the total number of household which is 7,781. In this case, the reliability
of the information gathered was not complacent enough in reference to the totality of the
community population.

The prioritization of the problems observed and stated by the researchers focused
more on the data gathered from the families interviewed residing in Purok I, Barangay Sta.
Rita. This content of data gathered from the random sample may not be reliable enough to
represent the whole community of Sta. Rita Considering the fact that Purok I may be different
to all of the others in terms of population density and socio-economic and health status.
However, the study may post significance in the sense that it may be useful in determining the
problems of Purok I per se.

The family structure, socio-economic status, home and environment, knowledge of the
concept of health care and health problems were obtained only from the statement of the 50
families’ representatives.

COMMUNITY DIAGNOSIS

Community diagnosis is the process of assessing and defining the needs ,


opportunities and resources involved in initiating community health action programs.

The researchers have conducted activities wherein both family and public health care
concepts are applied to their designated area which is on Purok I, Barangay Sta. Rita
Olongapo City, Zambales, Philippines. This study intends to improve the capability of the
group in giving out comprehensive health care services.

Studies have underscored some key elements of the community which may be
activated to bring social and behavioral changes. This process of change aims to build the
capability of people to act on themselves for future community problems regarding both health
and socio-cultural and environmental factors.

FAMILY HEALTH MANAGEMENT

This community diagnosis is a direct application of primary health care which is


originally conceptualized on the promotive and preventive measures of health processes.
Primary health care perceive health as an active framework applied to systematize services
extended to clients. Each of these frameworks permits more than one approach to quality
assurance.

It is composed by intentionally chosen action that organizes the contact to improve the
client’s health status and develop abilities in dealing with health problems.

The primary health care puts the concept of framework to the fore. Team planning by
health personnel in the same level and various health levels will be essential for the
effectiveness and efficiency of the health services rendered for the sake of the community
people.

I. ESTABLISHING A GOOD WORKING RELATIONSHIP

Family, being the basic unit of society, is also the basic unit of service of community health
care. The client, the family, as well as the community needs to find resources in order to
grow. As part of the community health team, it is the researcherrs’ responsibility to ensure
that a good and competitive working relationship is built with the client’s family. But in order
to reach this level, establishment of rapport must be achieved first.

Therefore, the key to success for this study is the free and open communication from both
the researchers and the members of the community. Barriers should be broken, the desire to
help boost other’s strength and overcome weaknesses must be uplifted.

I.1 ESTABLISHING GOOD WORKING RELATIONSHIP WITH FAMILIES

They say, first impression lasts. In this case, it is true. That is why the initial contact
with the client is very crucial. During this stage, the researchers must first establish good
working relationship with the people in the community.

Good and harmonious relationship could be met when trust is obtained in the very first
place. With this, all other actions will be successfully rendered if the foundation is strong and
stable.

Within each contact through home visits, the group introduced themselves, what
school they came from and the purpose of the activity. They also stimulated the clients
interest to make each conversation active and alive.

I.2 CONDUCTING A HOME VISIT


Home visit is the method by which the researchers sought to find data and information which
are vital and necessary for the study. It is theface to face interaction made to provide
essential health care activities.

Upon establishing rapport, the group conducted the interview inquiring about their
health and some related problems followed by a detailed observation of the surrounding
environment and the assessment of the physical, physiological and psychological state of the
members of the community. From the data gathered, community diagnoses were formulated.
The first phase of planning was initiated during the home visit and will be continued during the
analysis. Interventions are then performed and evaluated.

I.3 OTHER MEANS OF CONTACT WITH THE CLIENT

Other means of nurse-contact in the community setting besides home visit includes
the following: mothers’ class, health teaching; symposium, Rural Health Unit visits, school
and tertiary health care facility visits, and print media (posters, pamplets etc.). This is due to
the fact that the use of electric communication gadgets is not feasible in the Philippine Health
Community Setting.

II. FAMILY HEALTH ASSESSMENT

The major priority of the community health worker is the health status of the
community. Each of them is accustomed with vital responsibilities to further improve the
health condition of the families assigned to them by applying the ideal skills and knowledge in
organizing health care services being extended.

In order for the individuals to cope and manage health problems, the health process
includes an important set of actions that systematize the effect to improve the client’s health
status.

The process uses the scientific method: gathering, observing and analyzing data to
arrive to conclusions. Trough this health process, the solutions will be derived from the health
problems.

II.1 CONDUCTING FAMILY HELTH ASSESSMENT

The ability to assess clients is one of the most important skills of nursing, regardless of
the practice setting. In all settings in which nurseds interacts with clients and provide care,
eliciting a complete health history, and using appropriate assessment skills are critical to
identifying physical and psychological problems and concerns experienced by the client. As
first step in the nursing process, patient assessment is necessary to obtain data that enable
the nurse to make a nursing diagnosis for the community, identify and implement nursing
interventions and evaluate their effectiveness.

In health assessment, the nurse obtains the clients health history and performs
physical assessment which can be carried out in a variety of settings. Few lists of community
diagnoses is used by the community health nurses to identify and categorize family and
community problems that nurses have the knowledge, skills and responsibility to treat
independently.

PROBLEM PRIORITIZATION

Problem First Level Assessment Second level Assessment


1. Asthma and other Health Threat Failure to utilize community resources
respiratory problems for health due to lack of or inadequate
family resources, specifically financial
resources and lack of knowledge on
disease process and treatment
regimen.

2. Threat of cross Health Threat Inability to recognize the presence of


infection from a the condition or problem due to lack of
communicable or inadequate knowledge
disease case

3. Family size beyond Health Threat Failure to utilize community resources


what family for health due to lack of or inadequate
resources can family resources and lack of knowledge
adequately provide regarding family planning.

4. Accident hazards Health Threat Inability to provide a home/


such as fall hazards environment conducive to health
related to soil maintenance and personal
erosion and house development due to lack of inadequate
structure, proximity knowledge of preventive measures and
of the houses with inadequate family resources specifically
each other financial constraints/ limited financial
secondary to resources
physical and
environmental
factors.
5. inadequate food Health Threat Failure to utilize community resources
intake both in quality for health due to lack of or inadequate
and quantity family resources, specifically financial
resources such as cost of medicine
prescribed

6. Loss of Job Foreseeable Crisis Inability to make decisions with respect


to having appropriate action due to
feeling of confusion, helplessness
and/or resignation brought about by
perceived magnitude/ severity of the
situation / problem

Accident Hazards
(fall hazards related to soil erosion and house structure, proximity of the houses with each
other secondary to physical and environmental factors.)
Criteria Computation Total Score Justification
Nature of the Problem 2/3 x 1 2/3 It is a health threat
Modifiability of the 2/2 x 2 2 There are interventions to
Problem solve the problem.
Preventive Potential 3/3 x 1 1 They can utilize
preventive measures to
avoid this at home.
Salience of the 0/2 x 1 0 The family do not see this
Problem as a problem
Total = 3 2/3

Threat of cross-infection from a communicable disease


Criteria Computation Total Score Justification
Nature of the Problem 2/3 x 1 2/3 It is a health threat
Modifiability of the 1/2 x 2 1 They can practice health
Problem measures to prevent the
spread of communicable
disease.
Preventive Potential 2/3 x 1 2/3 There are interventions to
prevent the problem.
Salience of the 2/2 x 1 1 They recognize it as a
Problem problem that does not
need an immediate
attention
Total = 3 1/3

Inadequate food intake both in quantity and quality


Criteria Computation Total Score Justification
Nature of the Problem 2/3 x 1 2/3 It is a health threat
Modifiability of the ½x2 1 They can provide
Problem somehow but still lack.
Preventive Potential 2/3 x 1 2/3 It can be prevented
somehow but resources
are limited.
Salience of the 2/2 x1 1 The family sees it as a
Problem problem that requires
immediate attention.
Total = 3 1/3

Asthma and other respiratory problems


Criteria Computation Total Score Justification
Nature of the Problem 2/3 x 1 2/3 It is a health threat
Modifiability of the 2/2 x 2 1 There are interventions to
Problem solve the problem.
Preventive Potential 2/3 x 1 2/3 Smoking can be
prevented even little by
little.
Salience of the 0/2 x 1 0 The father does not
Problem perceive it as a problem.
Total = 3 1/3

Family Size beyond what family resource can adequately provide


Criteria Computation Total Score Justification
Nature of the Problem 2/3 x 1 2/3 It is a health threat
Modifiability of the 1/2 x 2 1 There are still more
Problem alternative for food
sources that are
considered cheap but
nutritious.
Preventive Potential 1/3 x 1 1/3 They cannot have a
stable job.
Salience of the 2/2 x 1 1 The family perceives it as
Problem a problem needing
attention
Total = 3

Presence of Stress points / Foreseeable Crisis Situations - Loss of Job


Criteria Computation Total Score Justification
Nature of the Problem 1/3 x 1 1/3 It is a foreseeable crisis.
Modifiability of the 1/2 x 2 1 They can only apply jobs
Problem that are contractual.
Preventive Potential 2/3 x 1 2/3 They cannot acquire a
stable job because of low
educational attainment.
Salience of the 2/2 x 1 1 The family perceives it as
Problem problem that requires
immediate attention.
Total = 3
Hon. Mayor James Gordon Jr.
City Mayor

Dr. Cynthia Mendoza


Physician

Ditaz E. Evale Raquel Avila Abigail Malule


Midwife Midwife Midwife

Jazzaza Carla Quiambao


Volunteer Nurse

Erlinda Tagud Josephine Llana Sarah Bernardo


Dental Aide Dentist Medtech

Barangay Health Workers

Socorro Darapiza – President

Virginia Bitangcol – Kagawad

Helen Abasta
Imelda Marcelino
Aileen Barrios
Dolores Bagayan
Verginia Belarmino
Yolanda Balintong
Vergilio Labicam
Adella Diyco
Annabelle Dedicatoria
Eliza Lazante
Margarita Landeza
Elena Abubot
B

Hon. Jerome Michael S. Bacay


Barangay Captain

Barangay Council

Committee on social Services


Hon. Raquel Yabut – Atienza

Committee on Rules / Committee on Education


Hon. Rodolfo Neil B. Guevarra

Committee on Public Works, Transportation & Telecommunications


Hon. Eric P. Jahnke

Committee on Security & Public Orders


Hon. Emerilo Linus Bacay

Committee on Finance Appropriation & Tourism


Hon. Rosita J. Piano

Committee on Trade, Industry & Employment


Hon. Elsa Vencilao Flores

Committee on Health, Environment Protection & Sanitation


Hon. Virginia C. Flores

Committee on Youth & Sports S.K. Chairman


Hon. Morielle Anne De Guzman
HISTORY

Barangay sta. Rita is the largest of all the 17 barangays of the city. It is bounded to the north
by sta. Rita river, to the east by east bajac-bajac, to the west by barangay mabayaun and
barangay gordon heights and to the south by barangay old cabalan.

Barangay sta. Rita is generally a flat valley bounded by mountain ranges and the sta.
Rita river that serves as the catch basin of water during rainy season. Its land elevation is
below sea level and considered the flood plain of the city of olongapo. Flooding that occurred
can be attributed to the overflowing of the mabayaun and sta. Rita river where strong water
emanated from the mountains surrounding it. The shallowing of the river brought about by
the eruption of mount pinatubo in 1992 is also one factor in the frequent flooding of the area.
Dredging is not given priority yet due to insufficient funds.

In spite of all the aforesaid difficulties, barangay sta. Rita is considered the most active
barangay in terms of development. It surpasses other barangays in terms of number of
puroks, number of population and the vastness of land area. Horticulture and residential lands
exist.

BARANGAY PROFILE

Geographical and Physical Information

Sta. Rita is the 2nd largest of the barangays in terms of land area at 1,529.18 or 21%
hectares of the city’s built up area. It is bounded to the north by Sta. Rita River, to the east by
East Bajac-Bajac, to the west by Barangay Mabayuan and Barangay Gordon Heights and to the
south by Barangay Old Cabalan.

Barangay Sta. Rita is generally of flat valley bounded by mountain ranges and the Sta.
Rita River, whose stream flow is one of the City’s main sources of water. Its land elevation is
below sea level and considered as the flood plain. Recurrent flooding in the area was
attributed to the extensive siltation of the Riverbeds, long before the Mt. Pinatubo eruption,
that restricted the carrying capacity during peak river stream flows.

The shallowing of the river brought about by the eruption of Mount Pinatubo in 1992 is
also one factor in the frequent flooding of the area. Dredging is not given priority yet due to
insufficient funds.

In spite of all the aforesaid difficulties, Barangay Sta. Rita is considered the most
active barangay in terms of development. It surpasses other barangays in terms of number of
puroks, number of population and the vastness of land area. Horiculture and residential lands
exist.

Economic Development

Barangay Sta. Rita consist mostly of lands owned by Esteban Estate and some private
occupancy dated back even before the time of the American occupation. Life in the area was
formerly through farming until the period when the entire Sta. Rita was projected for
residential purposes.

The salient points of development are numbered as follows:

Former rice fields became residential lots and subdivision. Commercial establishments
were erected and roads for the convenience of the residents were improved.
Schools, both public and private elementary and secondary were improved and enlarged to
facilitate the increasing number of school children. Seven Day Care Centers were also
constructed to cater the demands of the youth.

The City Slaughter House can also be found in the area. Various plans for the further
improvement of the area are at hand like the construction of a multi-purpose hall within the
vicinity of the Barangay Plaza and many other infrastructure projects.

TABULATION OF DATA

No. of Families Surveyed: 50


No. of Individuals: 262
Total No. of Males: 145
Total No. of Females: 117

FAMILY SIZE
Two 3
Three 2
Four 13
Five 11
Six 8
Seven 8 CIVIL STATUS
Eight 2 Single 157
Nine 1 Married 117
Ten 1 Widowed 4
Eleven 1 Separated 1
Live-in 4

RELIGION HUSBAND WIFE TOTAL

Catholic 45 45 45
INC 4 4 4
Baptist 1 1

AGE MALE FEMALE TOTAL


2-11 months 1 3 4
1-3 years 12 4 16
4-5 years 6 2 8
6-10 years 13 12 25
11-14 years 15 12 27
15-17 years 11 7 18
18-20 years 14 7 21
21-40 years 43 42 85
41-60 years 24 22 46
61 years and above 6 6 12

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT
5 and below 29
pre school 5
elementary 74
HS level 56
HS graduate 68 FAMILY STRUCTURE
vocational 12 Nuclear 19
College level 9 Extended 24
College graduate 9
Patriarchal 27
Matriarchal 8

GENERAL FAMILY DYNAMICS (+) (-)


Observable Conflicts 6 44
Character of Communication 40 10
Interaction Patterns 46 4

OCCUPATION
Store Owner 1
Laundrywoman 1
Soldier 1
Policeman 1
Fireman 1
Security Guard 1
Electrical Engineer 1
Painter 1
Midwife 1
Gov't. Employee 1
Call Center Agent 1
Cargador 1
Tutor 1
Jueteng 2
Welder 3
Carpenter 4
EMPLOYMENT
Employed 90
Unemployed 172

Driver 7
Construction Worker 7
OFW 7
SBMA Employee 9
Non-Working Minors 19
Vendor 29
Non-Working Adults 72
Student 81

MONTHLY INCOME SOURCE


Father 35
Mother 13
Others 2

MONTHLY INCOME

Below 5,000 pesos 25

5,000-10,000 pesos 19

10,000-15,000 pesos 1

15,000-20,000 pesos 3

20,000-30,000 pesos 2

FAMILY HEALTH STATUS M F C


Diabetes 2 3
HPN 5 9
Asthma 2 9 17
Dengue 3
Kidney Stones 1
GI Obstruction 1
Pneumonia 1
Renal Failure 1
Overfatigue 1
Hemmorhage 1
Cough & Colds 9
Atherosclerosis 1
Allergy 1 1
Malaria 1
Fever 1 4
Flu 1
Myoma 2
Acute Bronchitis 2
UTI 1

FELT FAMILY NEEDS


Medicine 18
Additional Income 44
Education 26
Food 15
Owned Comfort Room 6

HOME & ENVIRONMENT YES NO


Lot Owned 28 22
House Owned 32 18

TYPE OF HOUSING MATERIALS


Wood 12
Concrete 20
Mixed 18

ADEQUATE LIVING SPACE


YES NO
37 13

TYPE OF GARBAGE DISPOSAL


Collected 49
Throw in the river 1

TYPE OF TOILET
Water-sealed 50

TYPE OF DRAINAGE SYSTEM


Open 25
Closed 25
SOURCE OF WATER SUPPLY
Owned 25
Bought 16
Shared 9

DRINKING WATER
Refrigerated 18
Covered 32

CONTAINERS USED
Plastic Pitchers 40
Bottles 7
Jars, Clays. Pots 2
Others 1

FOOD STORAGE
Covered 33
Refrigerated 16
Cabinet 1

PRESENCE OF HOUSEHOLD PESTS


YES 50
NO

PRESENCE OF BREEDING SITES


YES 50
NO

PETS/ ANIMALS KEPT IN THE YARD


Dog 25
Cat 9
Rooster/Chicken 5
Pig 3
Dove 6
Duck 3

PRESENCE OF ACCIDENT HAZARDS


YES 81
NO 19

CONSULTED PERSON
Manghihilot 3
Nurse 11
Doctor 13
Barangay Health Worker 2
Albularyo 1
Health Center 19
Others 4

CONSULTED PERSONS FOR PROBLEMS OTHER THAN HEALTH


Family 26
Relatives 14
Friends 4
Bombay 3
Priest 1
Barangay 1
Neighbor 1

IMMUNIZATION
Fully Immunized Children 157
Non-Fully 57
Continous 11

ADEQUATE ACTIVITY YES NO


Rest & Sleep 34 16
Exercise 23 27
Relaxation Exercise 26 24
Stress Management 33 17

FAMILY STRUCTURE

a.1 Total Population

 No. of Families Surveyed: 50


 No. of Individuals: 262

a.2 Age
AGE

41-60 years

18-20 years
male
11-14 years
female
4-5 years

2-11 months
0 20 40 60 80 100

Most of the people living in Sta. Rita are in the range of 21-40 years old, which are in the
working group. Next are the individuals whose ages is in 41-60 years of age. Both ranges of
ages belong in the working group. We can say that most people in Barangay Sta. Rita have
their jobs, but the thing is, they can not sustain or support their family with the kind of their
job. Or maybe some heads or members of the family are underemployed or unemployed.

a.3 Sex

SEX

female
45%

male
55%

a.4 Civil Status


Civil Status

Separated 0%

Live-in 1%
Widow ed 1%

Single 56%
Married 42%

Most of the people living in Sta. Rita are single, comprising more than 50% of the total
surveyed population. Next weight of large percentage is the married individuals. The live-in
and widowed status are almost in equal percentage, while the separated ones have the least
percentage.
The data above shows that most of the families interviewed have larger members of
single individuals because most of the members of each family are still children, teenagers,
and some are working individuals. Also, because of present economic condition, some
interviewed individuals tend to stay single. Next to singles are the married individuals who are
living in the same house with their family members.

a.4 Type of Family

FAMILY STRUCTURE

Matriarchal 10%
Nuclear 24%

Extended 31%
Patriarchal 35%

The largest portion was designated to Patriarchal family structure, in terms of who is ruling
the family- the mother or the father. But in terms whether it is nuclear or matriarchal, the
nuclear has the largest percentage.
a.6 Family Size

Family Size

14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
Three Five Seven Nine Eleven

No. of Families

The graph above shows the most frequent number of family members in Barangay
Sta. Rita. It is evident on the data above that the member of four in a family is the
commonest among the family number composition, comprising 26% of the total 50 families.
While 6% of the 50 families interviewed have only two family members, 4% for three
members, 22% for five members, 16% for six members, 16% for seven family members, 4%
for eight members, 2% for nine members, 2% for ten members, and also 2% for eleven
members.
Form the data above; the top four family sizes are four, five, six, and seven. But there
are also some families whose members comprised of nine members, ten and eleven. But the
most famous is four- maybe composed of a father, mother, and two siblings of either sex.
B. SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND CULTURAL STATUS

b.1 Employment

EMPLOYMENT STATUS

Employed
34%

Unemployed
66%
66% of the total individuals belonging to the families interviewed are unemployed due
to the fact that most of them are either of the non-working minors or are students. The rest,
who are employed comprised mostly of vendors.

b.2 OccupatioN
OCCUPATION

Student
Non-Working Adults
Vendor
Non-Working Minors
SBMA Employee
OFW
Construction Worker
Driver
Carpenter
Welder
Jueteng
Tutor
Series1
Cargador
Call Center Agent
Gov't. Employee
Midwife
Painter
Electrical Engineer
Security Guard
Fireman
Policeman
Soldier
Laundrywoman
Store Owner
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 60 65 70 75 80 85 90

Most of the adults in Barangay Sta. Rita are non-working, maybe they are under or
unemployed. This is because in our culture, elderly tends to stay at home and enjoy their
adulthood. It also shows that some of their works are low earning jobs. But education is one of
the most important factors, that’s why, many are still students.

b.3 Monthly Income and Source


MONTHLY INCOME

15,000-20,000 20,000-30,000
pesos pesos
10,000-15,000
6% 4%
pesos
2%

5,000-10,000
Below 5,000
pesos
pesos
38%
50%

Most of the family income in the Barangay Sta. Rita is Php 5,000 below. It is evidenced
because of the low earning job of the head of the family. Because of this, their income is
limited only for food and other important needs. But unfortunately, sometimes it is not enough
to sustain their daily needs.

b.4 Educational Status

EDUCATIONAL ATTAINMENT

College graduate
College level
vocational
HS graduate
HS level educational level
elementary
pre school
5 and below

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80

From the 50 families interviewed, the highest educational attainment of the people of
Sta. Rita as of now is only Elementary level, both graduate and those who are still studying.
The next highest percentage varies among the High School individuals. The third educational
attainment comprises among those individuals who attend only High School level. The rest of
the data shows the educational attainment of their family members.
The data explains that because of economic problems and individual’s perception on
education, most of the highest educational attainment of the people in Sta. Rita comprises
among Elementary and High School levels.
MONTHLY INCOME SOURCE

Others
4%
Mother
26%

Father
70%

Definitely the father is usually the primary source of income of most of the family. It
has been part of our culture that the father is the provider of the family needs, but then, due
to the poverty, the mother are forced to work, and as time passes by the crisis require the
other members of the family in order to satisfy their basic needs.

b.5 Family Needs

FELT FAMILY NEEDS

Owned Comfort
Room
Medicine
Food 6%
17%
14%

Additional
Education
Income
24%
39%

Among the felt family needs, additional income is the most prevalent family need.
One of the interviewed person said, “without money, all the other needs will not be attended”.
Owning a comfort room is the least felt family needs of the people living in Purok 1.
b.6 Religion

RELIGION

100

80

60
WIFE
40 HUSBAND

20

0
Catholic INC Baptist

This graph showed the relationship between the husband and the wife’s choice about
their family’s religion. 90% of the families being surveyed chose to become Catholic, 8% of
which chose to become Iglesia ni Cristo and only 2% chose to become Baptist.
Being influenced by the Spanish colonizers in about 300 years, the people tend to follow the
same trend as before. Though these sectors were subdivided into groups, they still share the
same vision and faith towards one God.

C. HOME AND ENVIRONMENT

c.1 Family Interaction

GENERAL FAMILY DYNAMICS

50

40

30
(-)
20 (+)

10

0
Observable Interaction Interaction
Conflicts Patterns Patterns

This graph showed the interaction of the family members to each other. 0 out of 50
families have observable conflicts while 44 were living pleasantly. 40 out of 50 families have
positive characteristics of communication while only 10 had shown a negative one. 46 out of
50 families have a positive interaction among its members while only 4 have a negative one.
As shown above, we can evaluate that in spite the economic scarce and poverty, most
of the families still manage to cope everyday struggle. They still manage to communicate with
each other which is essential for a healthy family.

c.2 House and Lot

HOME AND LAND OWNERSHIP

60

50

40
House Owned
30 Lot Owned
20

10

0
YES NO

Most of the people living in Purok 1 do not own their houses, some own their lot. The
housing there is usually in close proximity due to poverty, so there may be a possibility of fire
hazards.

c.3 House Structure

TYPE OF HOUSING MATERIALS

Wood
Mixed 24%
36% Wood
Concrete
Mixed

Concrete
40%

Almost half of the families have their houses built from concrete. The least are made
of wood, these houses are old ones, built almost decades ago.
ADEQUACY OF LIVING SPACE

40
35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
YES NO

Even though they are under the influence and effect of poverty, life must go on. Since
many of the families have only 4 members, they still manage to feel that they are living in
adequate space.

c.4 Animals, Pest and Other Health Hazards

PRESENCE OF HOUSEHOLD PESTS

NO
0%

YES
NO

YES
100%

100 % of the total household interviewed have observed lurking pests around their
house such as cockroaches, rats, ants, mosquitoes and others. This is due to the fact that in
tropical regions, pests that are mentioned above are present especially to areas that are near
that are near sewages.
PRESENCE OF PEST BREEDING SITES

NO
0%

YES
NO

YES
100%

Breeding sites are present to the entire household interviewed because of lack of
proper home and environment sanitation. The existence of pests is almost unpreventable.

PETS/ANIMALS KEPT IN THE YARD

25

20

15

10

0
Dog Cat Rooster/Chicken Pig Dove Duck

Pets are common due to the fact that they not only serve for amusement purposes but
also for utility. It is shown on the table above that 48% of the total household owns a dog;
18% cats; 12% have doves; 12% have either roster or chicken; and 12% have ducks and
pigs. Dogs have the highest number due to the fact that dogs are said to be man’s bestfriend,
it serves not only for amusement but also keeps the house safe from intruders by being
guards.
PRESENCE OF ACCIDENT HAZARDS

100

80

60

40

20

0
YES NO

81% of the respondents have accident hazards present in their homes, while 19%
have none. Because of Purok 1, Barangay Sta. Rita’s location, which is beside the Sta. Rita
River, some of the houses stand by the river side, making the people there prone to falls, fire
and other accidents. Most of the respondents have these accident hazards present in their
homes not just because of the location but also because of their housing materials which are
woods and concrete and mixed. And their houses are closed proximity with each other giving a
higher risk for fire.

c.4 Food and Water Storage

FOOD STORAGE

Cabinet
2%
Refrigerated
32% Covered
Refrigerated
Cabinet
Covered
66%

Garnering the highest percentage is those that are covered, followed by refrigeration
due to the fact that many of the families cannot avail the luxury of having refrigerators at
home. The least percentage goes to the cabinet as storage because in areas that have pests
like rats, this would not be practical.
WATER CONTAINERS USED

Jars, Clays.
Pots
Others
4%
2%
Bottles Plastic Pitchers
14% Bottles
Jars, Clays. Pots
Others
Plastic Pitchers
80%

Pitchers are the most common water container used because of its availability and the
people have been used to utilizing those commercially sold containers. Jars and clay pots and
drums are also used by the smallest scale of the families since these containers are not
available nowadays.

DRINKING WATER

Refrigerated
36%
Refrigerated
Covered
Covered
64%

Most of the populations are only covering their drinking water because they couldn’t
afford to have a refrigerator as storage of their food and water.
c.5 Water Source

SOURCE OF WATER SUPPLY

Shared
18%

Owned
Bought
Owned Shared
50%
Bought
32%

50% of the total population of Purok 1 get their water supply at Subic Water, 32% are
bought and 18% are only shared from their neighbors. Water is one of the basic needs of the
family. And despite of poverty, most of them prioritize water to provide to their family.

c.6 Garbage Disposal System

TYPE OF GARBAGE DISPOSAL

Thrown in the
river
2%

Collected
98%

Since Olongapo City promotes excellence in everything, especially cleanliness, garbage


is being collected twice a week in every Barangay. This can be observed by the above result.
Only 2% have their garbage thrown in the river. They are those who are far from the main
road or barangay road.
c.7 Type of Toilet and Drainage System

TYPE OF TOILET

Water-sealed
100%

All of the resident’s wastes are disposed through water sealed. This is due to the fact
that the families believed that it is the proper way of disposing their waste and they are also
civilized to know this matter.

TYPE OF DRAINAGE SYSTEM

Open
Closed Open Closed
50% 50%

The people of Purok 1, Sta. Rita, half of them have closed drainage, the same quantity
exist in open drainage. It indicates that the population is not aware of the importance of
closed drainage. Open drainage could bring several problems.
D. KNOWLEDGE ON THE CONCEPT OFHEALTH CARE

d.1 Health Condition

FAMILY HEALTH STATUS

30
25
20 CHILDREN
15 FATHER
10 MOTHER
5
0

ug o rh e
e

I
G y S ue

l F ia
eu io n

He rfa e
s
As N

sc lds

M gy
ia

u
on a
tr s
dn e a

s
UT
ve
Al is
Co mm igu
A t h & ag
te

ve ur

m
bs ne

Fl

i ti
m

na o n
HP

ar
s
e ng

Fe
ro C o
be

Pn uct

ro
O ail

ch
e Myo
le
th

al
I O to

Re m

le
a

D
Di

Br
he

ut
Ki

Ac
Asthma is the most prevalent case of morbidity in Barangay Sta. Rita, affecting all
members of the family including the parents and their children. Or maybe it is not “asthma” at
all. They might just get confused with the term to use to identify a certain pulmonary disease
or disorder which has similar clinical manifestations with some other respiratory illness.

d.2 Health Practices

CONSULTED PERSONS

20
18
16
14
12
10
8
6
4
2
0
Manghihilot Doctor Albularyo Others

Of the 50 families interviewed, 35 % stated that they went on Health Center for their
health problems; 24% goes to doctors especially for serious diseases; 21% goes to the
nurses; 8% asks other persons for help; 6% goes to “manghihilot”; 4% goes to health
workers and 2% to quack doctors.
Health Center is the primary choice of the respondents when it comes to health
problems, followed by the following in a descending order: doctor, nurse, others like family
and last to be consulted is albularyos. Due Because of the effort of the government to spread
health care, health centers are now present in every barangay, making Health Care quite
accessible, thus, health centers are the respondent’s primary choice.

CONSULTED PERSONS FOR PROBLEMS OTHER THAN


HEALTH

30

25

20

15

10

0
Family Relatives Friends Bombay Priest Barangay Neighbor

Majority of the respondents consults the others in a descending order: family


members52%; 28% relatives; 8% friends;6% “bumbay”; 2% priest; 2% barangay officials
and 2% neighbors.

The family, as the main source of physiological, psychological and emotional


assistance, is the first to be consulted not just in Purok 1, Barangay Sta. Rita, but also in the
whole country. Filipinos give value to their families and other blood relationships. Friends are
the ones to fill in the places of family members and/or relatives if they are not around. This
makes them close to the respondents to the point where problems are exhausted to them.

As financial problems occur, the respondents opt to consult “bumbays” to fill their
monetary needs. And in spiritual and needs for counseling, they go to priests. Small
percentage of the respondents consult Barangay official and lastly their neighbors.
d.3 Activity and Stress Management

ACTIVITY AND REST

50

40

30
NO
20 YES

10

0
Rest & Sleep Exercise Relaxation Stress
Exercise Management

Most of the interviewed stated that they have enough rest and sleep. Persons who
stated that they don’t have enough rest and sleep are the older ones this is because of the
fact that they have altered sleeping pattern secondary to aging process. 46% said that they
do morning exercises such as walking on the streets. They also allot some of their time for
relaxation such as watching television playing cards and other activities. Though they have
many problems, they still manage to handle stressors that come along the way.

d.3 Immunization

IMMUNIZATION STATUS

Continous
5%

Non-Fully
25%

Fully
Immunized
Children
70%

Majority of the respondents consults the others in a descending order: family


members, relatives, friends, “bumbay”, priest, barangay officials and neighbors.
The family, as the main source of physiological, psychological and emotional
assistance, is the first to be consulted not just in Purok 1, Barangay Sta. Rita, but also in the
whole country. Filipinos give value to their families and other blood relationships. Friends are
the ones to fill in the places of family members and/or relatives if they are not around. This
makes them close to the respondents to the point where problems are exhausted to them.
As financial problems occur, the respondents opt to consult “bumbays” to fill their monetary
needs. And in spiritual and needs for counseling, they go to priests. Small percentage of the
respondents consult Barangay official and lastly their neighbors.

SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION

From the observation and information gathered during the survey, the group was able
to identify and verify some of the community’s primary and important needs that should be
given priority by the authorities. These problems are the ones who served as a hindrance to
the community’s progress. Some problems served as health threats to people and to
community itself. Good example of such problems encountered by the community is the
improper source of water to drink and to use in everyday life. Community maybe is at risk of
acquiring illnesses because of improper water supply.

Immediate and appropriate accomplishment must be ensured to maintain the


community’s development. This accomplishment looks after to the health of each member of
the family to the assigned family. One’s progress may not only be coming from the authorities
but also from the people living in the community. Self-discipline must be initiated in order to
achieve the communities’ goals and aspirations.

PROBLEMS IDENTIFIED

1. Most of the families have insufficient income to sustain their needs. Their income
range from P5000 and below. Financial insufficiency branches to other family
problems.
2. the location of Purok 1, Sta Rita is at an area below sea level, causing floods in just a
short time of downpour.
3. The houses of the respondents live in close proximity with each other and are adjacent
to the Sta Rita river. This posts as great health hazards.
4. The sta Rita river is polluted with trash from the houses constructed beside it.
5. The streets have no post lamps and are too narrow to accommodate the passage of
automobiles.
6. Water supply is insufficient because of few water outlets.
7. The place lacks police visibility making it the home of different crooks.
8. A great percentage of the people are undergraduates making them poor in manners.

SUGGESTIONS/RECOMMENDATIONS

1. To counter their monetary problems, they can have double or extra jobs to increase
their income. They can sell rags to their fellow jeepney drivers, have a mini-snack
business at home while caing for their children, etc.
2. Sewers and drainages should be cleaned and declogged before the rainy seasons to
prevent floods.
3. The people should build fences by their houses by the river to prevent falls and also to
serve as firewalls.
4. Residents should be taught how to segregate their trash and recycle so that garbage
won’t be disposed on improper places.
5. The men of the community should voluntarily patrol the area at night and rid the
streets of garbage to not further congest the road.
6. Water-pumps should be installed with the cooperation of the people.
7. The barangay should designate police patrols in the area to minimize crime
occurrences.
8. There should be a school for those adults who want to continue their studies in their
community.

Family Name:
Address:

Family Data:
Length of residency:
Family Size:

Religion:
Husband:
Wife:

Place of Origin:
Husband:
Wife:

Type of Family Structure:

General Family Relationship/Dynamic:

Criteria Yes No
1. Observable conflicts between Family Members
a. Wife Husband Beating
b. Frequent quarreling
c. Child abuse
2. Characteristics of Communication
a. Open communication among family members
b. Swearing or use of insults when talking to each other

Civil Educational
Name Age Sex Status Position Attainment Occupation

III. Socioeconomic and Cultural factors

Monthly Family Income Source

Husband:
Wife:
Others:

Total:

Felt Family Needs:


1.
2.
3.

IV. Home and Environmental Factors

House:

Type of Housing Material:

What appliances are owned by the family?

Type of Garbage Disposal:

Type of Toilet Facility:

Type of drainage system:

Source of Water Supply:

Source of Drinking Water:

Food Storage:

Is there presence of breeding sites for Pests?

What Common household pest is present in the household?

Where does the family keep their pets? Household

Are there accident hazards present?


Kind of Neighborhood
Social and Healthy Facilities Available
Facilities

V. Health Assessment

Family Dietary Habits

Your Diet usually composes of?

Breakfast:
Lunch:
Supper:

Family Health History

Name of Family Member Health History

Health and Health Practices


Common Illness encountered for the last six months and treatment rendered
Illness Treatment

Who do you consult for health related problems?


For problems other than health who do you consult?

Immunization Status of the Family


Family Member Type of Immunization

Do your family members have enough?


1. Rest and Sleep?
If yes, how many hours/night?

2. Exercise?
If yes, what type of exercise?

3. Relaxation Activities?

4. Stress Management activities?

A. Immunization Status