Sie sind auf Seite 1von 3

4 Inventory Replenishment Model:

When to order? Either at fixed period or according to a minimum stock level How much to order? Either to replenish to the maximum stock level or variable quantity

Four inventory models are commonly used to face those issues:

Fixed replenishment (M1): simplest model where period and quantity are fixed. So this is advisable only for low acquisition cost items where demand is constant over time:

Order point (M2): This model is used when the demand is highly variable over time, and we assume can monitor the inventory level to properly reorder on time. Also we assume the delivery time to be constant even though order periods are not (!)

The order point (Op) is simply computed with the average demand per day multiplied by the delivery lead-time so that to be fully replenished when the stock level is down to the safety stock level. This model is suitable for example for spare parts or screws where orders are not regular due to low consumption or high minimum order quantity compared to daily consumption.

Periodic replenishment (M3): The idea is to replenish the stock level up to the maximum quantity (target level Qmax) at fixed period (weekly or monthly):

The target level (Qmax) is computed by multiplying the average consumption per day with the consumption period (T) and the delivery lead time. Safety stock is obviously kept. We should note that this model is not relevant is the demand is not constant; the safety stock would be really high in such case. Better to use the reorder point model (M2) if the demand is variable.

On-demand replenishment (M4): This model is used for high cost items where specific attention should be set as consumption and delivery are variable.