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DENGUE FEVER

Chandrasekar Dated : 18.10.12


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What is Dengue ?
A viral diseases caused by bite of infected female aedes mosquitoes. It is caused by any one of four closely related dengue viruses (DENV 1, DENV 2,

DENV 3, or DENV 4).

How the disease spreads

The most important vector species is a mosquito belonging to aedes genus. When infected female mosquitoes feed on human blood and the virus is transmitted to Human. Their one meal often comes from 4-5 people. The virus also transmitted to her off spring via eggs.

How Do Aedes Mosquitoes Transmit Diseases...


Mosquito bites and sucks blood containing the virus from an infected person. And passes the virus to healthy people when it bites them.

Virus is carried in its body.

Aedes Mosquito- Features


One

distinct physical feature black and white stripes on its body and legs.
Bites
Lays

during the day.

its eggs in clean, stagnant water.

Do you know
Only the female Aedes mosquito feeds on blood. This is because they need the protein found in blood to produce eggs. Male mosquitoes feed only on plant nectar. On average, a female Aedes mosquito can lay about 300 eggs during her life span of 14 to 21 days.

Life cycle of the Aedes Mosquito

1-2 days

Pupae

Larvae

Eggs

4-5 days

2-3 days

Stagnant water

Source of breeding

The flight range for this vector is 100m from the breeding sites, the reason why dengue or chikuungunya cases are found in clusters in an area

Symptoms of Dengue Fever

Dengue is also called as break bone fever for the severe joint pain it brings

This is what you can do

Prevent Aedes from Breeding


Remove ALL sources of stagnant water.
Deny the Aedes mosquito of any chance to breed.

Change water in vases on alternate days.

Remove water from flowerpot plates on alternate days.

Turn over all pails and water storage containers.

Cover bamboo pole holders when not in use.

Clear blockages and put Bti insecticide in roof gutters monthly.

Do not litter. Rubbish such as cups and bottles can collect rain water and breed mosquitoes.

Prevention
Using repellent Citronella oil Fixing of Mosquitoes nets in Windows. Keeping door close during late evening and early morning ( Dawn and dusk period) Avoid dumping of clothes and reduce water stagnation in your home and surrounding areas. wear full sleeves clothes Treat your home some insecticidal spray. ( Indoor Residual Spray)
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