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GSM BSS

Interoperability Between GSM and WCDMA


Feature Parameter Description Copyright Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. 2012. All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means without prior written consent of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

Trademarks and Permissions and other Huawei trademarks are the property of Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd. All other trademarks and trade names mentioned in this document are the property of their respective holders.

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Contents
1 Introduction
1.1 Scope 1.2 Intended Audience 1.3 Change History

2 Overview 3 Iur-g Interface Between GSM and WCDMA


3.1 Introduction to the Iur-g Interface 3.2 Common Measurement 3.3 Information Exchange

4 Measurement of Neighboring WCDMA Cells 5 GSM/WCDMA Inter-RAT Cell Reselection


5.1 Cell Reselection from WCDMA to GSM 5.1.1 Cell Reselection from WCDMA to GSM for MSs in Idle Mode 5.1.2 WCDMA-to-GSM NACC 5.2 Cell Reselection from GSM to WCDMA 5.2.1 Cell Reselection Based on Cell Ranking 5.2.2 Fast WCDMA Reselection at 2G CS Call Release 5.2.3 NC2 between GSM and WCDMA

6 GSM/WCDMA Inter-RAT CS Handover


6.1 CS Handover from WCDMA to GSM 6.2 CS Handover from GSM to WCDMA 6.2.1 Overview 6.3 Service-Based CS Handover from GSM to WCDMA 6.3.1 Overview 6.3.2 Procedure 6.4 Load-Based CS Handover from GSM to WCDMA 6.4.1 Overview 6.4.2 Procedure

7 GSM/WCDMA Inter-RAT PS Handover


7.1 WCDMA-to-GSM PS Handover 7.1.1 Overview 7.1.2 Procedure 7.2 GSM-to-WCDMA PS Handover 7.2.1 Overview 7.2.2 Procedure

8 Related Features

9 Impact on the Network


9.1 GSM/WCDMA Interoperability 9.1.1 Impact on System Capacity 9.1.2 Impact on Network Performance 9.2 GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover 9.2.1 Impact on System Capacity 9.2.2 Impact on Network Performance 9.3 GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover 9.3.1 Impact on System Capacity 9.3.2 Impact on Network Performance 9.4 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State 9.4.1 Impact on System Capacity 9.4.2 Impact on Network Performance 9.5 Fast WCDMA Reselection at 2G CS Call Release 9.5.1 Impact on System Capacity 9.5.2 Impact on Network Performance

10 Engineering Guidelines
10.1 When to Use Interoperability Between GSM and WCDMA 10.1.1 GSM/WCDMA Interoperability 10.1.2 GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover 10.1.3 GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover 10.1.4 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State 10.1.5 Fast WCDMA Reselection at 2G CS Call Release 10.2 Information to Be Collected 10.2.1 GSM/WCDMA Interoperability 10.2.2 GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover 10.2.3 GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover 10.2.4 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State 10.2.5 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State 10.3 Network Planning 10.3.1 GSM/WCDMA Interoperability 10.3.2 GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover 10.3.3 GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover 10.3.4 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State 10.3.5 Fast WCDMA Reselection at 2G CS Call Release 10.4 Overall Deployment Procedure 10.5 Deploying GSM/WCDMA Interoperability 10.6 Deploying 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State 10.7 Deploying GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover 10.8 Deploying GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover

10.9 Deploying Fast WCDMA Reselection at 2G CS Call Release 10.10 Related Parameters in the System Information 10.11 Neighboring WCDMA Cell Configuration 10.12 Iur-g Interface Between GSM and WCDMA 10.13 GSM/WCDMA Inter-RAT NC2 and GSM/WCDMA Inter-RAT PS Handover 10.14 Performance Optimization 10.14.1 GSM/WCDMA Interoperability and 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State 10.14.2 GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover and GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover 10.14.3 Fast WCDMA Reselection at 2G CS Call Release 10.15 Troubleshooting

11 Parameters 12 Counters 13 Glossary 14 Reference Documents

1 Introduction
1.1 Scope
This document describes the Interoperability Between GSM and WCDMA feature, including its technical description, feature dependencies, network impact, and engineering guidelines. The technical description includes measurement of neighboring WCDMA cells, GSM/WCDMA inter-RAT cell reselection, and GSM/WCDMA inter-RAT CS/PS handover. The Interoperability Between GSM and WCDMA feature involves the following features:
GBFD-114301 GBFD-114321 GBFD-114322 GBFD-114323 GBFD-114325 GBFD-511101 GBFD-511102 GBFD-511103 GBFD-511104 GBFD-119502 GBFD-116201

GSM/WCDMA Interoperability GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State Fast WCDMA Reselection at 2G CS Call Release Load Based Handover Enhancement on Iur-g NACC Procedure Optimization Based on Iur-g GSM and WCDMA Load Balancing Based on Iur-g GSM and WCDMA Traffic Steering Based on Iur-g PS Handover Network-Controlled Cell Reselection (NC2)

The following features are described in this document:


GBFD-114301 GBFD-114321 GBFD-114322 GBFD-114323 GBFD-114325 GBFD-119502 GBFD-116201

GSM/WCDMA Interoperability GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State Fast WCDMA Reselection at 2G CS Call Release PS Handover Network-Controlled Cell Reselection (NC2)

The following features are described in the Common Radio Resource Management Feature Parameter Description:
GBFD-511101 GBFD-511102 GBFD-511103 GBFD-511104

Load Based Handover Enhancement on Iur-g NACC Procedure Optimization Based on Iur-g GSM and WCDMA Load Balancing Based on Iur-g GSM and WCDMA Traffic Steering Based on Iur-g

1.2 Intended Audience


This document is intended for:
Personnel Personnel

who need to understand the Interoperability Between GSM and WCDMA feature who work with Huawei GSM products

1.3 Change History


This section provides information about the changes in different document versions. There are two types of changes, which are defined as follows:
Feature

change: refers to a change in the Interoperability Between GSM and WCDMA feature of a specific product version. change: refers to a change in wording or the addition of information that was not described in the earlier version.

Editorial

Document Issues
The document issue is as follows:
02 01

(2012-06-30) (2011-03-31) A (2011-01-15)

Draft

02(2012-06-30)
This is the second release of GBSS13.0. Compared with issue 01 (2011-03-31) of GBSS13.0, issue 02 (2012-06-30) of GBSS13.0 incorporates the changes described in the following table. Change Type Feature change Editorial change Change Description None Added the following chapters:

Parameter Change None None

Chapter 8 Related Features Chapter 9 Impact on the Network Chapter 10 Engineering Guidelines

Deleted descriptions about cell reselection based on cell priority.

01(2011-03-31)
This is the first release of GBSS13.0. Compared with issue Draft A (2011-01-15) of GBSS13.0, issue 01 (2011-03-31) of GBSS13.0 has no change.

Draft A (2011-01-15)
This is the draft release of GBSS13.0. Compared with issue 01 (2010-06-30) of GBSS12.0, draft A (2011-01-15) of GBSS13.0 incorporates the changes described in the following table.

Change Type Feature change

Change Description

Parameter Change The added parameters are listed as follows:


Added a description of the PS handover between GSM andWCDMA. Added a description of the NC2 between GSM and WCDMA.

SPTINTERRATINBSCPSHO SPTINTERRATOUTBSCPSHO PFCSUP NACCSPT NCO FDDFREQCNUM FDDCELLOFF FDDCELLTHRED TrafficReselAllow

Editorial change

The following contents are optimized:

None

GSM-to-WCDMA cell reselection. GSM-to-WCDMA CS handover. Setting of GSM and WCDMAconfigurati on parameters.

2 Overview
WCDMA and GSM will coexist for a long time. Therefore, Huawei GSM BSS provides GSM/WCDMA interoperability, which allows inter-RAT handovers and inter-RAT cell reselections between GSM and WCDMA. GSM/WCDMA interoperability supports smooth evolution from GSM to WCDMA, which helps reduce operators' capital expenditure (CAPEX). This feature provides operators with both WCDMA and GSM networks complete support for a seamless coverage from GSM to WCDMA. For example, with the cell reselection or handover function, operators can keep providing services for a dual-mode MS that moves away from the WCDMA coverage, thereby improving user experience. In areas covered by both GSM and WCDMA networks, Interoperability between GSM and WCDMA balances traffic loads between two networks. For example, when the traffic load in a GSM cell is too high, Interoperability between GSM and WCDMA can hand over some calls in the GSM cell to a WCDMA cell. Interoperability between GSM and WCDMA also allows operators to set different service access policies in areas covered by both GSM and WCDMA networks. For example,GSM is preferentially selected for handling CS services and WCDMA for PS services.
All MSs mentioned in this document are multi-mode MSs that support both GSM and WCDMA.

3 Iur-g Interface Between GSM and WCDMA


3.1 Introduction to the Iur-g Interface
Load information exchange is a prerequisite for the Interoperability Between GSM and WCDMA feature. Load information exchange consists of the following types:
Load

information exchange through the core network (CN): Load information, which is carried in the information elements (IEs) in the signaling for handovers, is exchanged between the GSM BSC over the A interface and the WCDMA RNC over the Iu interface. In this situation, load information exchanges irregularly. Therefore, unnecessary handover attempts may occur. information exchange through the Iur-g interface: Load information is exchanged between the GSM BSC and the WCDMA RNC through the Iur-g interface instead of the CN. Through the Iur-g interface, the GSM BSC and WCDMA RNC can exchange load information with each other by performing information exchange and common measurement. This simplifies the GSM/WCDMA interoperability procedure, shortens the handover delay, and increases the handover success rate.

Load

Figure 3-1 shows the position of the Iur-g interface on a network. Figure 3-1 Position of the Iur-g interface on a network

Figure 3-2 shows the protocol stack defined in 3GPP specifications for the Iur-g interface.

Figure 3-2 Protocol stack defined in 3GPP specifications for the Iur-g interface

The Iur-g interface has a control plane and does not have a user plane. The Iur-g interface uses IP transmission. There is an Iur-g interface instance between each remote RNC and a local BSC. The Iur-g interface supports common measurement and information exchange procedures. These two procedures are performed through connection-oriented signaling.

3.2 Common Measurement


Common measurement is based on the Iur-g interface. The procedures of common measurement are performed through connection-oriented signaling. Common measurement is enabled if SPTCOMMMEAS is set to Yes. Common measurement involves the following procedures: 1. Common measurement initialization The source BSC/RNC sends a COMMON MEASUREMENT INITIATION REQUEST message to the target RNC/BSC to initialize the common measurement initialization procedure, requesting the target RNC/BSC to periodically report the load information about its neighboring cells. If the target RNC/BSC supports common measurement, it responds with a COMMON MEASUREMENT INITIATION RESPOSE message, as shown in Figure 3-3.

Figure 3-3 Successful common measurement initialization

If the target RNC/BSC does not support common measurement or rejects the common measurement request, it responds with a COMMON MEASUREMENT INITIATION FAILURE message, as shown in Figure 3-4. Figure 3-4 Failed common measurement initialization

2. Periodic common measurement reporting After a common measurement is successfully initialized, the target RNC/BSC periodically sends COMMON MEASUREMENT REPORT messages to the source BSC/RNC toreport the load information about neighboring cells, as shown in Figure 3-5. Figure 3-5 Common measurement reporting procedure

If a neighboring cell is faulty, blocked, removed, or deactivated, the target RNC/BSC sends a COMMON MEASUREMENT FAILURE INDICATION message to the source BSC/RNC, notifying the source BSC/RNC that the common measurement procedure has failed and must be terminated, as shown in Figure 3-6. Figure 3-6 Failed common measurement

3.3 Information Exchange


During a common measurement procedure, the Iur-g interface carries the load information about GSM and WCDMA cells, the inter-RAT CS service handover support flags of GSM cells, and the inter-RAT PS service handover support flags of GSM cells. This section uses load information about GSM cells as an example. The information exchange is enabled if SPTINFOEXCHG is set to Yes and INFOEXCHGLIST is set to CELLCAPCLASS. The load state of a cell can be normal, basic congestion, or overload congestion. Table 3-1 describes the rules for determining the load states of GSM cells. Table 3-1 Rules for determining the load states of GSM cells Uplink/Downlink Uplink If... Uplink load < UlLdrThrd2GCell UlLdrThrd2GCell Uplink load <UlOlcThrd2GCell Uplink load UlOlcThrd2GCell Downlink Downlink load < DlLdrThrd2GCell DlLdrThrd2GCell Downlink load <DlOlcThrd2GCell Downlink load DlOlcThrd2GCell Then the Load State of the Cell Is Normal Basic congestion Overload congestion Normal Basic congestion Overload congestion

Inter-RAT

CS service handover support flag of a GSM cell

When the TCH usage of the cell is greater than or equal to InterRatCsServiceLoadHoThrd or INTERRATINBSCHOEN is set to NO, this flag is set to NO, which meansWCDMA-GSM CS service handover is not allowed. When INTERRATINBSCHOEN is set to YES and the TCH usage of the cell is less than InterRatCsServiceLoadHoThrd, this flag is set to YES, which meansWCDMA-GSM CS service handover is allowed.
Inter-RAT

PS service handover support flag of a GSM cell

When the TBF multiplexing rate of a GSM cell is less than LOADRESELRXTHRSH, this flag is set to YES, which means WCDMA-GSM PS service handover is allowed. When the TBF multiplexing rate of a GSM cell is greater than or equal to LOADRESELRXTHRSH, this flag is set to NO, which means WCDMA-GSM PS service handover is not allowed.

4 Measurement of Neighboring WCDMA Cells


To support cell reselection and handover from GSM to WCDMA, the BSS sends the neighboring WCDMA cell list and parameters for cell reselection and handover through system information (SI) to MSs. MSs then measure neighboring WCDMA cells based on the received information. SI consists of SI2quater and Measurement Information. SI2quater is sent on the BCCH, and Measurement Information is sent on the SACCH. The Send2QuterFlag parameter specifies whether to send SI2quater. MSs in GSM cells measure both the signal level of neighboring GSM cells and the signal quality of neighboring WCDMA cells. The BSS controls the neighboring cell measurement to avoid unnecessary measurements and reduce the power consumption of MSs. MSs in idle mode or packet transfer mode can perform inter-RAT cell reselection. MSs in dedicated mode can perform inter-RAT handover. Operators can set different measurement parameters for MSs operating in different modes. When an MS is in idle mode, it determines whether to measure information about neighboring WCDMA cells based on the value of QI and the receive level of the serving cell. The conditions for triggering measurement depend on the value of QI.
If If If If

QI is set to a value within the range of 0 to 6, the measurement is triggered when the receive level of the serving cell is lower than QI. QI is set to a value within the range of 8 to 14, the measurement is triggered when the receive level of the serving cell is higher than QI. QI is set to 7, MSs always measure neighboring WCDMA cell information. QI is set to 15, MSs do not measure neighboring WCDMA cell information.

Normally, MSs in packet transfer mode determine whether to measure the information about neighboring WCDMA cells according to the value of QI and the receive level ofthe serving cell. If any of the following conditions are met, MSs in packet transfer mode determine whether to measure neighboring WCDMA cell information based on the value of QP and the receive level of the serving cell.
The The

GSM cell has a PBCCH, and QP is broadcast on the PBCCH.

serving GSM cell does not have a PBCCH but QP is broadcast on the BCCH. In addition, MSs have received the Packet Cell Change Order message or the Packet Measurement Order message that carries the GPRS cell reselection parameters of one or more WCDMA cells.

The conditions for triggering measurement depend on the value of QP.


If If If If

QP is set to a value within the range of 0 to 6, the measurement is triggered when the receive level of the serving cell is lower than the value of QP. QP is set to a value within the range of 8 to 14, the measurement is triggered when the receive level of the serving cell is higher than the value of QP. QP is set to 7, MSs always measure neighboring WCDMA cell information. QP is set to 15, MSs do not measure neighboring WCDMA cell information.

When an MS is in dedicated mode, it determines whether to measure the information about neighboring WCDMA cells based on QSEARCHC and the receive level of the serving cell. The conditions for triggering the measurement depend on the value of QSEARCHC.
If

QSEARCHC is set to a value within the range of 0 to 6, the measurement is triggered when the receive level of the serving cell is lower than QSEARCHC.

If If If

QSEARCHC is set to a value within the range of 8 to 14, the measurement is triggered when the receive level of the serving cell is higher than QSEARCHC. QSEARCHC is set to 7, MSs always measure neighboring WCDMA cell information. QSEARCHC is set to 15, MSs do not measure neighboring WCDMA cell information.

QSEARCHC is contained in the Measurement Information message. After entering dedicated mode, MSs attempt to obtain QSEARCHC from the Measurement Information message transmitted on the SACCH. Before QSEARCHC is obtained, MSs use the value of QCI that is transmitted on the BCCH as the value of QSEARCHC.

5 GSM/WCDMA Inter-RAT Cell Reselection


GSM/WCDMA inter-RAT cell reselection includes WCDMA-to-GSM cell reselection and GSM-toWCDMA cell reselection. Cell reselection is mainly performed by MSs. For MSs in idle mode, GSM/WCDMA interoperability involves only GSM/WCDMA inter-RAT cell reselection. A dual-mode or multi-mode MS camping on a GSM cell measures the information about neighboring WCDMA cells, and then decides whether to reselect the WCDMA cell based on cell reselection parameters. For MSs in packet transfer mode, cell reselection modes include network-controlled mode 0 (NC0), network-controlled mode 1 (NC1), and network-controlled mode 2 (NC2). MSs can reselect a WCDMA cell for PS services. NC0 cell reselection and NC1 cell reselection are performed by MSs without the intervention of the BSS. In NC2 cell reselection, the BSS sends signaling to steer MSs towards desired camping cells. The INTERRATCELLRESELEN parameter specifies whether to enable GSM/WCDMA inter-RAT cell reselection. When INTERRATCELLRESELEN is set to NO(No), the BSS does not send the neighboring WCDMA cell list and the parameters related to GSM/WCDMA inter-RAT cell reselection. In this case, MSs in a GSM cell cannot reselect aWCDMA cell.

5.1 Cell Reselection from WCDMA to GSM


Cell reselection from WCDMA to GSM involves the cell reselection for MSs in idle and packet transfer modes. In addition, cell reselection for MSs in packet transfer mode isWCDMA-toGSM NACC or enhanced WCDMA-to-GSM NACC.

5.1.1 Cell Reselection from WCDMA to GSM for MSs in Idle Mode
When an MS moves to the GSM coverage area and reselects a GSM cell, the MS initiates a location update to the GSM network if the location area is changed. The GSMnetwork handles the location update regardless of whether the MS is from a WCDMA cell. In the BSS, the cell reselection procedure from WCDMA to GSM is the same as that between GSM cells. Therefore, this procedure is not described in this document. For details, see the Idle Mode Behavior Feature Parameter Description.

5.1.2 WCDMA-to-GSM NACC


The WCDMA-to-GSM NACC procedure is specified in 3GPP specifications. The GSM-toWCDMA NACC procedure, however, is not. Figure 5-1 shows the WCDMA-to-GSM NACC procedure.

Figure 5-1 WCDMA-to-GSM NACC procedure

After the RNC determines that an MS should reselect a GSM cell, it sends a Cell Change Order From UTRAN message to the MS. If the WCDMA-to-GSM NACC procedure is applied, the Cell Change Order From UTRAN message carries the IE "Geran System Information" that contains the SI1, SI3, and SI13 of the target GSM cell. Before performing WCDMA-to-GSM NACC, the RNC obtains the SI of the target GSM cell through the RAN Information Management (RIM) procedure. The RIM procedure consists of SI request and SI update procedures.
SI SI

request procedure: This procedure is initiated by the source RNC, requesting the SI about the target GSM cell. update procedure: This procedure is initiated by the target BSC, instructing the source RNC to update the SI about the target GSM cell.

After receiving the Cell Change Order From UTRAN message, the MS leaves the WCDMA cell and reselects the GSM cell. After the cell reselection is complete, the MS uses the SI about the target GSM cell in the initial packet access procedure. In this manner, the period of packet service disruption is shortened. During the WCDMA-to-GSM NACC procedure, the RIM procedure must be supported on the Gb interface. To support the RIM procedure, the BSC must be configured with the RIMSUP parameter for the NSE to indicate whether the RIM procedure is supported.

5.2 Cell Reselection from GSM to WCDMA


Cell reselection from GSM to WCDMA includes cell reselection based on cell ranking and cell reselection for MSs in packet transfer modes. Cell reselection for MSs in packet transfer mode is classified into Fast 3G Reselection at 2G CS Call Release and NC2 between GSM and WCDMA. Fast 3G Reselection at 2G CS Call Release and NC2 between GSM and WCDMA are optimized cell reselection solutions, which can accelerate cell reselection.

5.2.1 Cell Reselection Based on Cell Ranking


MSs in a GSM cell obtain the neighboring WCDMA cell list and cell reselection parameters from SI2quater, and then measure neighboring WCDMA cells according to the list and parameters. The mechanism for NC0 or NC1 cell reselection from GSM to WCDMA for MSs in idle mode is the same

as that for MSs in packet transfer mode. In the GSMnetwork, cell reselection from GSM to WCDMA is controlled by QI, FDDQOFF, and FDDQMIN. QI is the start level for measuring neighboring WCDMA cells. In the NC0 or NC1 cell reselection for MSs in idle or packet transfer mode, MSs start to search for neighboringWCDMA cells when the level of the serving cell is lower than the value of QI (when QI is set to a value within the range of 0 to 6) or higher than the value of QI (when QI is set to a value within the range of 8 to 14). When QI is set to 7, MSs always search for neighboring WCDMA cells. Ec/No and Received Signal Code Power (RSCP) of the Common Pilot Channel (CPICH) are commonly used during neighboring WCDMA cell measurement. An MS startsGSM-to-WCDMA cell reselections if the following conditions are met and last for more than five seconds:
CPICH CPICH CPICH

RSCP > RLA_C + FDDQOFF Ec/No FDDQMIN - FDDQMINOFFSET RSCP FDD_RSCP_threshold

In WCDMA, Ec/No is the ratio of energy per modulating bit to the noise spectral density. It is equivalent to C/I in GSM.

Where,
RLA_C

is the average receive level. In a GSM-to-WCDMA cell reselection, the RSCP of the neighboring WCDMA cell must meet the following requirements:
RSCP RSCP

> Average receive level of the serving cell + FDDQOFF > Receive level of each neighboring GSM cell + FDDQOFF

FDDQOFF

is the receive level difference between the candidate WCDMA cell and the serving GSM cell. This parameter is a key factor for controlling the GSM-to-WCDMA cell reselection. The greater the value of FDDQOFF is, the more difficult it is for the GSM-toWCDMA cell reselection condition to be met, and more MSs will camp on theGSM cell. is the minimum Ec/No threshold for GSM-to-WCDMA cell reselection. The greater the value of FDDQMIN is, the more difficult it is to meet the cell reselection condition. FDDQMINOFFSET is offset of the minimum Ec/No threshold for GSM-to-WCDMA cell reselection. An MS determines the minimum receive level of a candidateWCDMA cell for cell reselection based on FDDQMIN and FDDQMINOFFSET. That is, FDDQMIN and FDDQMINOFFSET do not determine the cell reselection from GSM toWCDMA directly but guarantee the signal quality of the candidate WCDMA cell. is calculated as follows:
If If If

FDDQMIN

FDD_RSCP_threshold

FDD_RSCPmin is broadcast in the serving cell, then FDD_RSCP_threshold = FDDRSCPMIN min((P_MAX - 21 dBm), 3 dB). FDD_RSCPmin is not broadcast in the serving cell and Qrxlevmin and Pcompensation can be obtained in the serving cell, then FDD_RSCP_threshold = Qrxlevmin + Pcompensation + 10 dB FDD_RSCPmin is not broadcast in the serving cell and Qrxlevmin and Pcompensation cannot be obtained in the serving cell, then FDD_RSCP_threshold = -102dBm (the default value of FDD_RSCPmin). Where, is the maximum RF output power of an MS in a WCDMA cell. is the minimum required RX level in a WCDMA cell. is max(UE_TXPWR_MAX_RACH P_MAX, 0).

P_MAX

Qrxlevmin

Pcompensation

UE_TXPWR_MAX_RACH

is the maximum TX power level an MS may use when accessing

a WCDMA cell on RACH.


FDDRSCPMIN

is used to calculate the FDD_RSCP_threshold of the target cell for a GSM-toWCDMA cell reselection.

If multiple WCDMA cells meet the cell reselection conditions, the MS selects the cell with the highest RSCP as the target cell. The GSM-to-WCDMA cell reselection cannot be triggered within five seconds after the WCDMA-toGSM cell reselection. In case of a cell reselection occurring within the previous 15 seconds, FDDQOFF is increased by 5 dB. If both the conditions for the GSM-to-WCDMA cell reselection and those for the GSM-to-GSM cell reselection are met, the MS selects a WCDMA cell as the target cell.

5.2.2 Fast WCDMA Reselection at 2G CS Call Release


This section describes the feature GBFD-114325 Fast WCDMA Reselection at 2G CS Call Release

Overview
When an MS terminates a call in the GSM network, it camps on the cell in which the call is released and then starts neighboring cell measurement. When a neighboringWCDMA cell meets the requirements for cell reselection, the MS reselects the WCDMA cell. The WCDMA cell reselection is initiated after the MS receives the SI and performs the related calculation. When the feature Fast WCDMA Reselection at 2G CS Call Release is activated, the BSS selects the best neighboring WCDMA cell based on the measurement information after the MS in a GSM cell terminates a CS call. Then, the BSS sends the MS the cell information through the Channel Release message, instructing the MS to camp on thatWCDMA cell. With this feature, an MS can camp on a WCDMA cell without performing cell reselection decisions, accelerating cell reselection. This feature allows the MS tocamp on the WCDMA cell for a longer period. In addition, the number of location area updates is reduced, and the paging success rate is increased, increasing the revenue of operators in the WCDMA network.
The WCDMA network in this document refers to the UTRAN FDD. FDD stands for frequency division duplex (FDD).

Procedure
After an MS in a GSM cell releases a CS call, the BSC sends the MS a Channel Release message that carries the IE "Cell selection indicator after release of all TCH and SDCCH". This IE carries the neighboring WCDMA cell information, facilitating the MS to reselect a WCDMA cell. This feature needs the support of both the network and the MS. Figure 5-2 shows the cell reselection procedure for an MS-terminated call.

Figure 5-2 Procedure for fast WCDMA reselection at 2G CS call release

1. After receiving a Release Complete message from the MS, the MSC sends a Clear Command message to the BSC, instructing the BSC to release the occupied resources on the A and Um interfaces. 2. The BSC sends a Channel Release message to the MS, instructing the MS to release the TCH or SDCCH on the Um interface. The Channel Release message may carry the IE "Cell selection indicator after release of all TCH and SDCCH", which contains the information about the target neighboring WCDMA cell. The MS in the serving GSM cell measures neighboring cells. If... The information about neighboring WCDMAcells is carried in a measurement report (MR) Then... The BSC carries the information (including FDD-ARFCN and FDD_CELL_INFORMATION) about the best neighboring WCDMA cell in the Channel Release message, instructing the MS to reselect that neighboring WCDMA cell.

No neighboring WCDMA cell information is The BSC does not carry the IE "Cell selection indicator carried in an MR or the value after release of all TCH and SDCCH" in the Channel ofCELLSELECTAFTERCALLREL is NO(No) Release message.

3. After receiving the Channel Release message, the MS releases the main signaling link. Then, the MS sends a DISC frame to the BTS, instructing the BTS to release the TCH or SDCCH. 4. After receiving an Unnumbered Acknowledgement message, the MS switches to idle mode and initiates cell reselection based on the IE "Cell selection indicator after release of all TCH and SDCCH".

If... The Channel Release message contains the IE "Cell selection indicator after release of all TCH and SDCCH"

Then... The MS attempts to camp on the cell indicated in the Channel Release message.

The Channel Release message does not contain the IE "Cell selection indicator after release of all TCH and SDCCH"

The MS attempts to camp on the cell where the TCH or SDCCH is already released.

5. If step 4 fails, the MS performs a normal cell reselection procedure to camp on any appropriate cells.

5.2.3 NC2 between GSM and WCDMA


This section describes the feature GBFD-116201 NC2 between GSM and WCDMA. NC2 cell reselection can be performed for inter-RAT cell reselection only when an MS is in packet transfer mode. NC2 cell reselection between GSM and WCDMA refers to the network-controlled cell reselection from GSM to WCDMA triggered by a BSC. NC2 cell reselection is activated after the NCO parameter is set to NC2(NC2). In NC2 cell reselection mode, an MS generally determines whether to measure neighboring WCDMA cells based on the value of QI and the receive level of the serving cell. If any of the following conditions are met, the MS determines whether to measure neighboring WCDMA cells based on the value of QP and the receive level of the serving cell:
The The

serving GSM cell has a PBCCH, and QP is broadcast on the PBCCH.

serving GSM cell does not have a PBCCH but QP is broadcast on the BCCH. In addition, MSs have received the Packet Cell Change Order message or the Packet Measurement Order message that carries the GPRS cell reselection parameters of one or more WCDMA cells.

In NC2 cell reselection mode, an MS performs inter-RAT neighboring WCDMA cell measurements based on QP, FDDFREQCNUM, FDDCELLOFF, and FDDCELLTHRED and sends MRs.
QP

is the threshold for an MS in PS mode to search for WCDMA cells. If the level of the serving GSM cell is lower than the value of QP (when QP is within the range of 0 to6) or higher than the value of QP (when QP is within the range of 8 to 14), the MS starts to search for WCDMA cells. is the number of WCDMA cells that should be contained in the best cell list, which is carried in the MR from an MS. is the receive level offset for WCDMA cells. During the ranking of measured neighboring cells, the value of this parameter is added to the receive level of measured WCDMA cells. is the threshold for reporting a WCDMA cell. The MS reports only the cells whose RSCP is greater than this threshold.

FDDFREQCNUM FDDCELLOFF

FDDCELLTHRED

Figure 5-3 shows the procedure for NC2 cell reselection between GSM and WCDMA.

Figure 5-3 Procedure for NC2 cell reselection between GSM and WCDMA

1. An MS in the GPRS Mobility Management (GMM) Ready state periodically sends Packet Measurement Report messages or Packet Enhanced Measurement Report messages to the BSC. These MRs contain the RSCP of neighboring WCDMA cells. 2. After receiving a packet MR, the BSC processes the measurement results. Then, the BSC determines whether to perform a cell reselection. 3. If the BSC determines to initiate a cell reselection, it sends the Packet Cell Change Order message to the MS to instruct the MS to reselect the specified target WCDMAcell. Target cell reselection is based on the NC2 cell reselection algorithm. 4. If a cell reselection fails, the MS sends the Packet Cell Change Failure message to the BSC. After receiving this message, the BSC subtracts PENALTYRXLEV from the receive level of the target cell. If the receive level of the target cell is less than PENALTYRXLEV, the BSC sets the receive level of the target cell to 0. The NC2 cell reselection algorithms include the service-based NC2 cell reselection algorithm, quality-based NC2 cell reselection algorithm, load-based NC2 cell reselection algorithm.

Service-Based NC2 Cell Reselection Algorithm


The service-based NC2 cell reselection is activated when TrafficReselAllow is set to PERMIT(Permit). The BSC may find the IE "Service UTRAN CCO" in multiple DL-UNITDATA PDUs, CREATE-BSSPFC PDUs, or PS-HANDOVER-REQUEST PDUs sent from the SGSN. The BSS considers that the last received IE "Service UTRAN CCO" is of the highest priority. The IE "Service UTRAN CCO" carries Service UTRAN CCO Value part, which indicates the most suitable RAT for the current service. Table 5-1 lists the values of Service UTRAN CCO Value part and their meanings.

Table 5-1 Values of Service UTRAN CCO Value part and their meanings Coding Bits 000 001 010 111 Other values Meaning Network initiated cell change order to UTRAN or PS handover to UTRAN procedure should be performed Network initiated cell change order to UTRAN or PS handover to UTRAN procedure should not be performed Network initiated cell change order to UTRAN or PS handover to UTRAN procedure should not be performed If received, should be interpreted as no information available (bits 4-5 valid) If received, should be interpreted as no information available

If the value of Service UTRAN CCO Value part is 000, the MS triggers a service-based cell reselection and selects the neighboring WCDMA cell with the highest receive level. If no neighboring WCDMA cell is available, the MS proceeds to perform a quality-based, load-based, or coverage-based NC2 cell reselection.

Quality-Based NC2 Cell Reselection Algorithm


The quality-based NC2 cell reselection is activated when URGENTRESELALLOW is set to PERMIT(Permit). When the conditions for triggering a service-based NC2 cell reselection are not met, the BSC determines whether to initiate a cell reselection based on the receive quality of the radio link on the Um interface. The MRs or Bit Error Rate (BER) indicates the receive quality on the radio link and the number of times bad radio link quality occurs. In a receive quality measurement period, if the MS receive quality deterioration ratio is greater than the CELLRXQUALWORSENRATIOTHRSH parameter, a quality-based NC2 cell reselection is initiated.
MS

receive quality deterioration ratio = Times of bad radio link quality/Number of radio link quality MRs

In quality-based NC2 cell reselection, the cell with the highest priority is selected as the target cell from candidate GSM cells. The priority of a cell is determined by its receive level and characteristics information such as cell type and support for EDGE. In quality-based NC2 cell reselection, the candidate WCDMA cell with the highest receive level is selected as the target cell. If NC2LoadResel is set to Support(Support), the cell characteristics information also includes the load of the candidate GSMcells under the same BSC. In quality-based NC2 cell reselection, a candidate cell must meet the following conditions:
Receive

level of the neighboring GSM candidate cell > Max(Receive level of the serving cell, MINACCRXLEV) + RESELHYST. RSCP of the neighboring WCDMA cell > FDDRSCPQUALTHRSH. NC2LoadResel is set to Support(Support), the neighboring GSM candidate cells under the same BSC are not congested.

Measured When

When

Service UTRAN CCO Value part is set to 010 or 001, none of the neighboring WCDMA cells is selected as the target cell.

Then, the highest level candidate cell within the highest priority cells is selected as the target cell. If a neighboring WCDMA cell is selected, an NC2 cell reselection fromGSM to WCDMA is triggered.

Load-Based NC2 Cell Reselection Algorithm


The load-based NC2 cell reselection algorithm is activated when LOADRESELALLOW is set to PERMIT(Permit). When neither the conditions for initiating a service-based NC2 cell reselection nor the conditions for initiating a quality-based NC2 cell reselection are met, a load-based NC2 cell reselection is initiated to balance the load among the cells in the network. In load-based NC2 cell reselection, some MSs in cells with heavy load are reselected tocells with light load. In addition, the MSs in neighboring cells should not be reselected to these heavily-loaded cells. Figure 5-4 shows a load-based NC2 cell reselection. Figure 5-4 Load-based NC2 cell reselection

When the serving cell is overloaded and the receive level in this cell is lower than LOADRESELMAXRXLEV, load-based NC2 cell reselection is triggered.
If

the channel multiplexing rate of a cell is higher than LOADRESELSTARTTHRSH, the cell load is heavy. Then, the load-based NC2 cell reselection should be enabled. a load-based NC2 cell reselection, only the MS whose signal level is lower than LOADRESELMAXRXLEV can be reselected to a neighboring cell.

In

In load-based NC2 cell reselection, the cell with the highest priority is selected as the target cell from the candidate GSM cells. The priority of a cell is determined by its receive level and characteristics information such as cell type and support for EDGE. Alternatively, the candidate WCDMA cell with the highest receive level is selected as the target cell. If NC2LoadResel is set to Support(Support), the characteristics information about a cell also includes the load of GSM candidate cells under the same BSC. In load-based NC2 cell reselection, a candidate cell must meet the following conditions:
Receive

level of the neighboring GSM cell > Max(Receive level of the serving cell, MINACCRXLEV) + RESELHYST. RSCP of the neighboring WCDMA cell > FDDRSCPQUALTHRSH.

Measured

When When

NC2LoadResel is set to Support(Support), the neighboring GSM candidate cells under the same BSC are not congested. Service UTRAN CCO Value part is set to 010 or 001, none of the neighboring WCDMA cells can be selected as the candidate cell.

Then, the highest level candidate cell within the highest priority cells is selected as the target cell. If a neighboring WCDMA cell is selected, an NC2 cell reselection fromGSM to WCDMA is triggered.

Coverage-Based NC2 Cell Reselection Algorithm


Coverage-based NC2 cell reselection is activated when NORMALRESELALLOW is set to PERMIT(Permit). When none of the conditions for initiating a service-based, quality-based, and load-based NC2 cell reselection are met and the P/N criterion for initiating a coverage-based NC2 cell reselection is met, a coverage-based NC2 cell reselection is initiated. The P/N criterion for initiating a coverage-based NC2 cell reselection is as follows: In the period specified by RESELWATCHPERIOD, the number of times that the receive level of the serving cell is lower than the value of MINACCRXLEV reaches the value of RESELWORSENLEVTHRSH. In coverage-based NC2 cell reselection, the cell with the highest priority is selected as the target cell from the candidate GSM cells. The priority of a cell is determined by its receive level and characteristics information such as cell type and support for EDGE. Or, the candidate WCDMA cell with the highest receive level is selected as the target cell. If NC2LoadResel is set to Support(Support), the characteristics information about a cell also includes the load of the GSM candidate cells under the same BSC. In coverage-based NC2 cell reselection, a candidate cell must meet the following conditions:
Receive

level of the neighboring GSM candidate cell > Max(Receive level of the serving cell, MINACCRXLEV) + RESELHYST. RSCP of the neighboring WCDMA candidate cell > FDDRSCPQUALTHRSH. NC2LoadResel is set to Support(Support), the neighboring GSM candidate cell under the same BSC are not congested. Service UTRAN CCO Value part is set to 010 or 001, none of the neighboring WCDMA cells can be selected as the candidate cell.

Measured When When

Then, the highest level candidate cell within the highest priority cells is selected as the target cell. If a neighboring WCDMA cell is selected, an NC2 cell reselection fromGSM to WCDMA is triggered.

6 GSM/WCDMA Inter-RAT CS Handover


GSM/WCDMA interoperability for MSs in dedicated mode involves GSM-to-WCDMA handover and WCDMA-to-GSM handover. Handovers are implemented by MSs and the BSS. GSM/WCDMA inter-RAT handovers include emergency handovers, better cell handovers, loadbased inter-RAT handovers, and service-based inter-RAT handovers. Emergency handover is triggered when an ongoing call initiated by a multi-mode MS can no longer be processed in its serving cell due to limited network coverage or other factors. For example, when an MS making a call in the GSM cell edge is about to move outside the cell, an emergency handover is triggered to avoid call drops. For details, see the Handover Feature Parameter Description. Better cell handover is triggered when the signal quality of a neighboring cell is better than that of the serving cell. Better cell handovers help improve service quality and user experience. For example, when the signal quality of a WCDMA cell is better than that of the serving GSM cell, MSs in the serving cell can be handed over to theWCDMA cell to achieve higher voice quality. For details, see the Handover Feature Parameter Description. Load-based inter-RAT handover is triggered when the traffic load on the serving cell is too high. For a WCDMA-to-GSM load-based handover, if the traffic load on the targetGSM cell is also high, the target cell rejects the handover to avoid ping-pong handovers. Service-based handover allows an operator to use the MSC to choose a network for MSs. If the MSC indicates that a service-based handover should be performed on a call in a GSM cell, the BSS hands over the call to a WCDMA cell. If the MSC indicates that a call should not be handed over to a WCDMA call, the BSS does not hand over the call to a WCDMA cell when a handover is needed during the call.

6.1 CS Handover from WCDMA to GSM


MSs in dedicated mode can be handed over from a WCDMA cell to a GSM cell. The handover decision and handover procedure are controlled by the RNC. The BSS considers the handover from WCDMA to GSM as a general inter-BSC handover. The handover from WCDMA to GSM is supported when INTERRATINBSCHOEN is set to YES(Yes).

6.2 CS Handover from GSM to WCDMA


6.2.1 Overview
Handover from GSM to WCDMA is supported when INTERRATOUTBSCHOEN is set to YES(Yes). The BSS determines whether to initiate an inter-RAT handover from GSM to WCDMA. The process is as follows: 1. An MS in dedicated mode obtains the neighboring WCDMA cell list and other information from measurement information. 2. The MS reports the measurement result to the BSS through an MR. 3. After receiving the measurement result, the BSS determines whether to initiate a handover based on the measurement result and the handover algorithm.

Inter-RAT handover from GSM to WCDMA can be classified into emergency handover and better 3G cell handover. The algorithm for emergency handover from GSM toWCDMA is the same as that for general emergency handover. For details, see the Handover Feature Parameter Description. In the GSM network, the HOOPTSEL parameter specifies whether a GSM cell or a WCDMA cell is preferentially selected as the target cell.
If If If

HOOPTSEL is set to Pre_2G_Cell(Preference for 2G cell), the BSC preferentially selects a GSM cell as the target cell. HOOPTSEL is set to Pre_3G_Cell(Preference for 3G cell), the BSC preferentially selects a WCDMA cell as the target cell. HOOPTSEL is set to Pre_2G_CellThres(Preference 2G cell by thresh), the BSC determines the target cell according to the receive level of the neighboring GSMcells and the value of HOPRETH2G. If the receive level of all neighboring GSM cells is lower than HOPRETH2G, the BSC selects a WCDMA cell as the target cell.

Better 3G cell handover can be performed only when both INTERRATOUTBSCHOEN and BET3GHOEN are set to YES(Yes). As the measurement result of a WCDMA cell can be reported in the format of RSCP or Ec/No, the methods for handover decision differ accordingly.
When

the value of FDDREP is RSCP(RSCP), the better 3G cell handover is triggered if during HOSTAT3G, the following condition is met for the period specified byHODURT3G:

CPICH RSCP > HORSCPTH3G


When

the value of FDDREP is EcN0(Ec/N0), the better 3G cell handover is triggered if the following condition is met for the period specified by HODURT3G withinHOSTAT3G: CPICH Ec/No > HOECNOTH3G

6.3 Service-Based CS Handover from GSM to WCDMA


This section describes the feature GBFD-114321 GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover.

6.3.1 Overview
Operators can provide more diversified services when GSM and WCDMA coexist in a mixed network. Services of different types can be carried on different networks tooptimize the utilization of resources. For example, voice services and low-rate data services are carried on the GSM network, and high-rate data services are carried on theWCDMA network to allow high peak throughput.

6.3.2 Procedure
If INTERRATOUTBSCHOEN is set to YES(Yes), the BSC applies different handover algorithms for MSs to be handed over from a GSM cell to a WCDMA cell according tothe setting of InterRatServiceLoadHoSwitch.
If

InterRatServiceLoadHoSwitch is set to CnService-based(CN Service-based), the BSC processes handovers according to the service handover attributes of the core network (CN) as follows:
If

the service handover indicator of the CN is Handover to UTRAN or cdma2000 should be performed, the MS should be handed over to a WCDMA cell. In this case, the BSC selects a WCDMA cell from the neighboring cell list as the target cell and starts the handover from GSM to WCDMA.

If

the service handover indicator of the CN is Handover to UTRAN or cdma2000 should not be performed, a GSM cell should be preferentially selected as the serving cell. In this case, the BSC does not start the handover from GSM to WCDMA. If a handover is required during the call, a GSM cell is preferentially selected as the target cell. the service handover indicator of the CN is Handover to UTRAN or cdma2000 shall not be performed, the MS must not be handed over to a WCDMA cell. In this case, the BSC will not hand over the MS to a WCDMA cell, and selects only a GSM cell as the target cell if a handover is required.

If

If

InterRatServiceLoadHoSwitch is set to Service-based(Service-based), the BSC removes the WCDMA candidate cell whose uplink/downlink traffic is in the minor congestion level. If the MS is performing a CS service, the MS accesses the current GSM cell. InterRatServiceLoadHoSwitch is set to Load-based(Load-based) and the value of the IE "Service Handover" in the ASSIGNMENT REQUEST message sent from the CN is handover to UTRAN or cdma2000 should be performed, the BSC selects a neighboring WCDMA cell whose uplink and downlink loads meet the following condition from WCDMA candidate cells: G2GLoadAdjustCoeff x Load of the current GSM serving cell 10 x Load of the neighboring WCDMA cell 10 x G2G3GLdBlcDeltaThrd 1000 If multiple neighboring WCDMA cells meet the preceding condition, the BSC starts the directed retry to the WCDMA cell with the highest receive quality. If no neighboringWCDMA cell meets the preceding condition, the BSC selects a GSM cell as the target cell.

If

If

there is no WCDMA candidate cell, or the directed retry to the WCDMA cell fails, the BSC starts the reassignment procedure to a GSM cell. InterRatServiceLoadHoSwitch is set to Dynamic-based(Dynamic Service/Load-based):If the current cell has a normal load, the service-based WCDMA-to-GSMhandover algorithm is applied. If the current cell has a high load, the load-based WCDMA-to-GSM handover algorithm is applied.

When

6.4 Load-Based CS Handover from GSM to WCDMA


This section describes the feature GBFD-114322 GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover.

6.4.1 Overview
In a mixed network where GSM and WCDMA coexist, MSs in connected mode can be handed over between GSM and WCDMA to balance the overall network load and enlarge system capacity. If the GSM cell that the MS camps on is congested, the BSC redirects the MS to the WCDMA network according to the load of the WCDMA network.

6.4.2 Procedure
If both INTERRATOUTBSCHOEN and OutSysLoadHoEn are set to YES(Yes), the following conditions must be met to trigger the handover between GSM and WCDMA for MSs in connected mode:
The The The

flow control level of the current system is smaller than or equal to SYSFLOWLEV. load on the serving cell is greater than or equal to TRIGTHRES.

Service Handover attribute of the service is not handover to UTRAN or cdma2000 shall not be performed.

A candidate WCDMA cell must meet the following conditions:


G2GLoadAdjustCoeff For

x Load of the current GSM serving cell 10 x Load of the neighboring WCDMA cell 10 x G2G3GLdBlcDeltaThrd 1000 a WCDMA FDD cell, the following conditions must be met if FDDREP is set to RSCP(RSCP):
InterRATLoadHoRSCPStart CPICH

InterRATLoadHoRSCPBandWidth < CPICH RSCP < InterRATLoadHoRSCPStart RSCP > IntRATLoadHORSCPThr a WCDMA FDD cell, the following conditions must be met if FDDREP is set to EcN0(Ec/N0):

For

InterRATLoadHoEcNoStart CPICH

InterRATLoadHoEcNoBandWidth < CPICH Ec/No < InterRATLoadHoEcNoStart Ec/No > IntRATLoadHOEcNoThr

Cells that do not meet the preceding conditions are removed from the candidate WCDMA cell list. If there are multiple cells in the candidate cell list, the BSC selects the cell with the highest receive level.

7 GSM/WCDMA Inter-RAT PS Handover


This section describes the feature GBFD-119502 PS Handover Between GSM and WCDMA. PS handover is introduced in 3GPP Release 6. This feature involves WCDMA-to-GSM and GSM-to-WCDMA PS handovers.

7.1 WCDMA-to-GSM PS Handover


7.1.1 Overview
WCDMA-to-GSM PS handovers are initiated by the RNC. PS handovers have two phases: handover preparation and handover execution. On the BSS side, the preparation and execution procedures for WCDMA-to-GSM PS handovers are the same as those for inter-BSC handovers in the GSM system. WCDMA-to-GSM PS handovers are supported when SPTINTERRATINBSCPSHO is set to SUPPORT(Support).

7.1.2 Procedure
This section uses an inter-SGSN WCDMA-to-GSM PS handover as an example. The procedures for the intra-SGSN and inter-SGSN WCDMA-to-GSM PS handovers are similar. The only difference is that during intra-SGSN WCDMA-to-GSM PS handover, there is no inter-SGSN signaling interaction because the GSM cell and the WCDMA cell use the same SGSN. Figure 7-1 shows the signaling procedure during handover preparation.

Figure 7-1 WCDMA-to-GSM PS handover preparation

1. The RNC makes the decision to perform a handover to a GSM cell. 2. The RNC sends a Relocation Required message to the 3G SGSN, with the IE "Relocation Type" set to UE Involved in relocation of SRNS. 3. The 3G SGSN checks the IE "Target Cell Identifier" and determines that the handover is an interRAT handover. Then, the 3G SGSN sends a Forward Relocation Request message to the 2G SGSN of the target cell. 4. The 2G SGSN sends a PS Handover Request message to the BSS, requesting the BSS to reserve resources for the handover. The 2G SGSN then activates the PFC for the handover. 5. The BSS reserves resources and allocates a TBF for the handover based on the PFC. 6. The BSS creates the Target BSS to Source BSS Transparent Container, which contains the PS handover command. 7. The BSS responds to the 2G SGSN with a PS Handover Request Acknowledge message and is then ready to receive downlink data. 8. The 2G SGSN responds with a Forward Relocation Response message. The handover preparation is complete.

Figure 7-2 shows the signaling procedure during handover execution. Figure 7-2 WCDMA-to-GSM PS handover execution

1. The 3G SGSN receives downlink data from the GGSN and sends the data to the MS through the RNC. 2. The 3G SGSN sends a Relocation Command message to the source RNC. 3. The RNC forwards packet data to the 2G SGSN through the 3G SGSN. 4. The RNC suspends uplink and downlink data transfer, and sends a Handover From UTRAN Command message to the MS. After receiving this message, the MS suspends the uplink data transmission. 5. The RNC sends a Forward SRNS Context (RAB contexts) message to the 2G SGSN through the 3G SGSN. Then, the 2G SGSN responds with a Forward SRNS Context Acknowledge message.

6. The MS executes the handover. In this step, the MS sends access bursts (ABs) to the target BSS and accesses the target GSM cell. Then, the MS receives the timing advance (TA) from the BSS. 7./7a. After accessing the cell, the MS processes the Non-Access Stratum (NAS) container and then sends an exchange identifier (XID) Response message to the 2G SGSNto resume the uplink data transfer. 8. After receiving the first correct RLC/MAC block, the BSS sends a PS Handover Complete message to inform the 2G SGSN that the handover is successful. The 2G SGSN then forwards uplink data to the GGSN. 9. After receiving the PS Handover Complete message, the 2G SGSN sends a Forward Relocation Complete message to inform the 3G SGSN that the handover is complete. The 3G SGSN then responds with a Forward Relocation Complete Acknowledge message. 10. The 2G SGSN sends an Update PDP Context Request message to the GGSN. The GGSN then updates the PDP context fields and returns an Update PDP Context Response message. From now on the GGSN sends new incoming downlink IP packets to the 2G SGSN instead of to the 3G SGSN. 11. The 3G SGSN sends an Iu Release Command message to the RNC to release related resources. After sending all necessary data to the MS, the RNC returns an Iu Release Complete message to the 3G SGSN. 12./12a. The 2G SGSN may initiate LLC/SNDCP XID negotiation. 13. The MS starts the routing area update. The handover is complete.

7.2 GSM-to-WCDMA PS Handover


7.2.1 Overview
The conditions for triggering GSM-to-WCDMA PS handovers are defined in the GSM system, and the handovers are initiated by the BSC. PS handovers have two phases: handover preparation and handover execution.

Prerequisites
The prerequisites for GSM-to-WCDMA PS handover are as follows:
The

MS supports PS handover.

The radio access capability reported by the MS contains the PS handover field, which indicates that the MS supports PS handover.
The

BSC supports PS handover.

The BSC supports PS handover when PSHOSUP is set to YES(Support), and SPTINTERRATOUTBSCPSHO is set to SUPPORT(Support).
NACCSPT NC2SPT The

is set to YES(Yes) if NCO is set to NC0(NC0) or NC1(NC1) because NC0 and NC1 are based on NACC. is set to YES(Yes) if NCO is set to NC2(NC2). SGSN supports PS handover.

The BVC RESET and BVC RESET ACK messages sent over the Gb interface contain the Extended Feature Bitmap field, which specifies whether the Network Service Entity (NSE) supports PS handover:
If

the BVC RESET or BVC RESET ACK message sent by the SGSN does not contain the Extended Feature Bitmap field, or if the Extended Feature Bitmap field specifies that PS

handover is not supported, none of the cells under the NSE of the SGSN support PS handover. That is, the source cell does not support PS handover.
If

the Extended Feature Bitmap field specifies that PS handover is supported, all cells under the NSE of the SGSN support PS handover. That is, the source cell supports PS handover. The BSC and the SGSN support the PFC procedure. PFCSUP is set to YES(Support).

Trigger Conditions
The triggering conditions for GSM-to-WCDMA PS handover vary according to the setting of NCO:
When

NCO is set to NC0(NC0) or NC1(NC1):

NACCSPT is set to YES(Yes). The MS sends the BSC a PACKET CELL CHANGE NOTIFICATION message, and target cell information contained in the message indicates that the target cell is a WCDMA cell. SPTINTERRATOUTBSCPSHO is set to SUPPORT(Support).
When

NCO is set to NC2(NC2):

The MS sends the BSC an MR, and the BSC detects that the target cell is a WCDMA cell that uses the PS handover algorithm. SPTINTERRATOUTBSCPSHO is set toSUPPORT(Support).

Handover Algorithms
GSM-to-WCDMA PS handover algorithms are classified into the service-based handover algorithm, quality-based handover algorithm, load-based handover algorithm, coverage-based handover algorithm. Each handover algorithm has the same triggering conditions and target cell selection mechanism as the corresponding NC2 cell reselection algorithm. For example, the service-based handover algorithm has the same triggering conditions and target cell selection mechanism as the service-based NC2 cell reselection algorithm. For detailed cell reselection algorithms, see section 5.2.3 "NC2 between GSM and WCDMA."

7.2.2 Procedure
On the BSS side, the GSM-to-WCDMA PS handover procedure is similar to the inter-BSC PS handover procedure. The differences are as follows:
The The

target cell is a WCDMA cell.

PS Handover Required message carries the Source BSC to Target RNC Transparent Container, which contains IEs such as the MS radio access capability, paging mode, Global TFI, and target cell SI request. PS Handover Required Acknowledge message carries the Source RNC to Target BSC Transparent Container, which contains IEs such as the handover command and target cell SI request.

The

This section uses an inter-SGSN GSM-to-WCDMA PS handover as an example. The procedures for the intra-SGSN and inter-SGSN GSM-to-WCDMA PS handovers are similar. The only difference is that during intra-SGSN GSM-to-WCDMA PS handover, there is no inter-SGSN signaling interaction because the GSM cell and the WCDMA cell use the same SGSN. Figure 7-3 shows the signaling procedure during handover preparation.

Figure 7-3 GSM-to-WCDMA PS handover preparation

1. The source BSS decides to initiate a PS handover to a WCDMA cell. At this point, both uplink and downlink user data is transmitted over the following: TBFs between the MS and the source BSS, BSSGP PFC tunnels between the source BSS and the 2G SGSN, GTP tunnels between the 2G SGSN and the GGSN. 2. The source BSS sends a PS Handover Required message, which carries the Target RNC Identifier information, to the 2G SGSN. 3. After detecting that the handover is an inter-RAT handover to WCDMA based on the Target RNC Identifier, the 2G SGSN sends a Forward Relocation Request messageto the 3G SGSN. 4. The 3G SGSN sends a Relocation Request message to request the target RNC to reserve resources in the target WCDMA cell. The target RNC responds with a Relocation Request Acknowledge message after resources are reserved in the target RNC. 6. The 3G SGSN sends a Forward Relocation Response message to the 2G SGSN. The handover preparation is complete. Figure 7-4 shows the signaling procedure during handover execution.

Figure 7-4 GSM-to-WCDMA PS handover execution

1. The 2G SGSN continues to receive downlink and uplink user plane data. 2. After receiving a Forward Relocation Response message from the 3G SGSN, the 2G SGSN may forward downlink data to the target RNC through the 3G SGSN. The target RNC then sends the data to the MS over the air interface. 3. The 2G SGSN continues the PS handover by sending a PS Handover Required Acknowledge message to the BSS. Before sending this message, the 2G SGSN, based on QoS, may suspend downlink data transfer for any PDP contexts. 4. The 2G SGSN forwards the GTP-U context to the target RNC. 5. The BSS sends a PS Handover Command message containing the Handover to UTRAN Command message to the MS, instructing the MS to hand over to the targetWCDMA cell. 6. The MS accesses the WCDMA cell. 7. After detecting that the MS has accessed the target cell, the RNC sends a Relocation Detect message to the 3G SGSN. 8. The MS sends a Handover to UTRAN Complete message to the RNC.

9. When the new source RNC-ID + S-RNTI are successfully exchanged with the MS, the RNC sends a Relocation Complete message to inform the 3G SGSN that the handover is complete. 10. The 3G SGSN sends a Forward Relocation Complete message to inform the 2G SGSN that the handover is complete and the reserved resources should be released. 11. The 3G SGSN sends an Update PDP Context Request message to the GGSN. The GGSN updates the PDP context fields. After the PDP context fields are updated, the GGSN sends new incoming downlink IP packets to the 3G SGSN instead of to the 2G SGSN. 12. The 2G SGSN performs the PFC procedure to release the corresponding resources. 13. The MS updates the route area. The handover is complete.

8 Related Features
Feature Prerequisite Feature Mutually Exclusiv e Feature None Affected Feature

GSM/WCDMAInteroper ability

None

When the GSM/WCDMAInterop erability feature is used with the GBFD-511403 Extended BCCH feature, the delay in a location update after WCDMA-toGSM cell reselection decreases and the CS paging success rate increases. When the GSM/WCDMAInterop erability feature is used with GBFD-114325 Fast WCDMAReselection at 2G CS Call Release, an MS can reselect a WCDMA cell after releasing a call in a GSM cell. This reduces the number of location updates and the duration for the MSto camp on the GSM cell, increases the CS paging success rate, and improves user experience.

Feature

Prerequisite Feature

Mutually Exclusiv e Feature GBFD116201 NetworkControlle d Cell Reselecti on (NC2)

Affected Feature

2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State

None

When the 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State feature is used with the GBFD-511403 Extended BCCH feature, the delay in a location update after WCDMA-toGSM cell reselection decreases and the CS paging success rate increases. When the 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State feature is used with GBFD-114325 Fast WCDMAReselection at 2G CS Call Release, an MS can reselect a WCDMA cell after releasing a call in a GSM cell. This reduces the number of location updates and the duration for the MSto camp on the GSM cell, increases the CS paging success rate, and improves user experience.

GSM/WCDMAService Based Handover GSM/WCDMALoad Based Handover Fast WCDMAReselectio n at 2G CS Call Release

GBFD114301GSM/WCDMAInterope rability GBFD114301GSM/WCDMAInterope rability GBFD114301GSM/WCDMAInterope rability

None

None

None

None

None

None

9 Impact on the Network


9.1 GSM/WCDMA Interoperability
9.1.1 Impact on System Capacity
The GSM/WCDMA Interoperability feature allows MSs to hand over to WCDMA cells in areas covered by both GSM and WCDMA networks. This increases the overall capacities of the GSM and WCDMA networks.

9.1.2 Impact on Network Performance


In areas covered by both GSM and WCDMA networks, this feature allows MSs to hand over to WCDMA cells. This increases PS data rates. In areas are covered by only theGSM network, this feature allows MSs to hand over to GSM cells. This ensures service continuity.

9.2 GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover


9.2.1 Impact on System Capacity
The GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover feature enables the CN to appropriately allocate services of different types to the GSM and WCDMA networks. This increases the overall capacities of the GSM and WCDMA networks. With this feature, the CN allocates CS services and low-rate PS services to the GSM network and high-rate PS services to the WCDMA network. This maximizes the peak throughput.

9.2.2 Impact on Network Performance


None

9.3 GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover


9.3.1 Impact on System Capacity
The GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover feature allows MSs to handover from a GSM cell to a WCDMA cell when the GSM cell is congested. This balances the load between the GSM and WCDMA networks, improves the overall capacities of the GSM and WCDMA networks, and prevents the system from being overloaded.

9.3.2 Impact on Network Performance


This feature decreases the congestion rate in GSM cells.

9.4 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State


9.4.1 Impact on System Capacity
The 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State feature allows MSs to reselect WCDMA cells in areas covered by both GSM and WCDMA networks. This increases the overall capacities of the GSM and WCDMA networks.

9.4.2 Impact on Network Performance


In areas covered by both GSM and WCDMA networks, this feature allows MSs to reselect WCDMA cells. This increases PS data rates. In areas are covered by only theGSM network, this feature allows MSs to reselect GSM cells. This ensures service continuity.

9.5 Fast WCDMA Reselection at 2G CS Call Release


9.5.1 Impact on System Capacity
The Fast WCDMA Reselection at 2G CS Call Release feature reduces the duration for MSs to camp on GSM cells and decreases the number of times that the MSs initiate services in GSM cells. This increases the overall capacities of the GSM and WCDMA networks.

9.5.2 Impact on Network Performance


This feature allows MSs to reselect WCDMA cells after releasing calls in GSM cells. This decreases the number of location updates and increases the CS paging success rate.

10 Engineering Guidelines
10.1 When to Use Interoperability Between GSM and WCDMA
10.1.1 GSM/WCDMA Interoperability
It is recommended that the GSM/WCDMA Interoperability feature be used with the following function:
Early

classmark sending function: Set ECSC to YES(Yes) to enable this function. With this function, the BSC quickly determines whether MSs camping on a GSM cell are dual-mode MSs.

10.1.2 GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover


It is recommended that the GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover feature be used in scenarios where both the GSM and WCDMA networks are covered and differentiated QoS is supported by CS and PS services. With this feature, PS services are preferentially processed in the WCDMA network, whereas CS services are still processed in theGSM network.

10.1.3 GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover


It is recommended that the GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover feature be used in scenarios where both the GSM and WCDMA networks are covered and the GSMnetwork is overloaded. In coordination with the CN, this feature allocates CS services to the WCDMA network. This increases the resource usage of the WCDMA network, decreases the load and interference on the GSM network, and ensures the QoS of CS services.

10.1.4 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State

When setting inter-RAT cell reselection parameters and handover thresholds, take note of the correlation between the GSM and TD-SCDMA parameters to prevent ping-pong cell reselections and handovers.

It is recommended that the 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State feature be used with the following function:
Early

classmark sending function: Set ECSC to YES(Yes) to enable this function. With this function, the BSC quickly determines whether MSs camping on a GSM cell are dual-mode MSs.

10.1.5 Fast WCDMA Reselection at 2G CS Call Release


None

10.2 Information to Be Collected


10.2.1 GSM/WCDMA Interoperability
Before deploying the GSM/WCDMA Interoperability feature, collect the following information:
WCDMA

network planning information: used for configuring neighboring cells.

Interoperability

policies for operators, such as the requirements for setting inter-RAT cell reselection parameters and whether GSM-to-WCDMA CS handover is required: used to properly set specific parameters and determine whether to enable specific functions.

10.2.2 GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover


Before deploying the GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover feature, collect the following information: Whether the CN for GSM CS services supports GSM/WCDMA service-based handovers: used to determine whether this feature is allowed.

10.2.3 GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover


Before deploying the GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover feature, collect the following information: Load information about GSM cells, such as TCH congestion rate and proportion of TCHHs to all TCHs in GSM cells: used to set parameters related to this feature.

10.2.4 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State


Before deploying the 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State feature, collect the following information:
WCDMA

network planning information: used for configuring neighboring cells.

Interoperability

policies for operators, such as the requirements for setting inter-RAT cell reselection parameters and whether GSM-to-WCDMA CS handover is required: used to properly set specific parameters and determine whether to enable specific functions.

10.2.5 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State


Before deploying the 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State feature, collect the following information:
The

proportion of WCDMA cells to all cells in specified areas GSM/WCDMA dual-mode MSs are used

Whether

10.3 Network Planning


10.3.1 GSM/WCDMA Interoperability
RF Planning
N/A

Network Topology
For GSM cells to be enabled with the GSM/WCDMA Interoperability feature, plan neighboring cell configurations based on the topology of the adjacent WCDMA network. AGSM cell can be configured with a maximum of 64 neighboring WCDMA cells. These neighboring cells can use a maximum of three frequencies, with each frequency supporting a maximum of 32 neighboring WCDMA cells.

Hardware Planning
N/A

10.3.2 GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover


RF Planning
N/A

Network Topology
N/A

Hardware Planning
N/A

10.3.3 GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover


RF Planning
N/A

Network Topology
N/A

Hardware Planning
N/A

10.3.4 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State


RF Planning
N/A

Network Topology
N/A

Hardware Planning
N/A

10.3.5 Fast WCDMA Reselection at 2G CS Call Release


RF Planning
N/A

Network Topology
N/A

Hardware Planning
N/A

10.4 Overall Deployment Procedure


The GSM/WCDMA Interoperability and 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State features, which are basic features, need to be deployed preferentially. Other features are optional and can be enabled based on individual needs.

10.5 Deploying GSM/WCDMA Interoperability


For details about how to activate, verify, and deactivate this feature, see Configuring GSM/WCDMA Interoperability.

10.6 Deploying 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State


For details about how to activate, verify, and deactivate this feature, see Configuring 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State.

10.7 Deploying GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover


For details about how to activate, verify, and deactivate this feature, see Configuring GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover.

10.8 Deploying GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover


For details about how to activate, verify, and deactivate this feature, see Configuring GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover.

10.9 Deploying Fast WCDMA Reselection at 2G CS Call Release


For details about how to activate, verify, and deactivate this feature, see Configuring the Fast WCDMA Reselection at 2G CS Call Release.

10.10 Related Parameters in the System Information


GSM/WCDMA interoperability requires support from MSs. The radio access capability reported by an MS contains the PS handover field, which specifies whether the MS supports PS handover. After GSM/WCDMA interoperability is enabled, the early classmark sending function should be enabled so that MSs will report their support capabilities as early as possible. The early classmark sending function is enabled after ECSC is set to Yes. It is recommended that the value of SendUtranECSCFlag andCLASSMARKQUERY be set to YES. When setting inter-RAT cell reselection parameters and handover thresholds, take note of the correlation between the GSM parameters and WCDMA parameters to avoid ping-pong handovers. Telecom operators can control the cell reselection between GSM and WCDMA by setting parameters in the system information. For example, to allow MSs to access aWCDMA cell when available, it is recommended that QI be set to 7. In this manner, WCDMA cell search is always performed.

The value of FDDQOFF has a great impact on cell reselection. To allow MSs to preferentially access a WCDMA cell, it is recommended that the value of FDDQOFF be changed and the actual offset be set to a negative value.
When the value of FDDQOFF is smaller than 8, the corresponding actual offset is smaller than 0.

10.11 Neighboring WCDMA Cell Configuration


To enable GSM/WCDMA interoperability, GSM cells must be configured with neighboring WCDMA cells. Neighboring WCDMA cells can be configured at the BSS by adding external WCDMA cells. To configure WCDMA cells at the BSS, set UTRANCELLTYPE to FDD. One GSM cell can be configured with a maximum of 64 neighboring WCDMAcells. Those cells can work in a maximum of three frequencies. Each frequency accommodates a maximum of 32 cells.

10.12 Iur-g Interface Between GSM and WCDMA


A BSC can be connected to a maximum of 16 RNCs over the Iur-g interface. Information exchange is enabled when SPTINFOEXCHG is set to YES. After information exchange is enabled, set INFOEXCHGLIST to CELLCAPCLASS or NACCRELATED.

10.13 GSM/WCDMA Inter-RAT NC2 and GSM/WCDMA InterRAT PS Handover


GSM/WCDMA inter-RAT PS handover requires support from the MS, RNC, BSC, and CN. NC2 is enabled when NCO is set to NC2. PS handover is supported when PSHOSUP is set to YES. After the PS handover is enabled:
To To

enable the incoming GSM inter-RAT PS handover, set SPTINTERRATINBSCPSHO to SUPPORT. enable the incoming WCDMA inter-RAT PS handover, set SPTINTERRATOUTBSCPSHO to SUPPORT.
If If

NCO is set to NC0 or NC1, NACCSPT must be set to YES.

NCO is set to NC2, the BSC performs the PS handover decision based on measurement reports from the MS and indications from the SGSN.

After NC2 and PS handover is enabled:


To To

enable quality-based NC2 cell reselection and quality-based handover, set URGENTRESELALLOW to PERMIT. enable load-based NC2 cell reselection and load-based handover, set LOADRESELALLOW to PERMIT. enable coverage-based NC2 cell reselection and coverage-based handover, set NORMALRESELALLOW to PERMIT

To

10.14 Performance Optimization


10.14.1 GSM/WCDMA Interoperability and 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State
Monitoring
Monitor the number of allowed FDD calls to check whether the GSM/WCDMA Interoperability and 2G/3G Cell Reselection Based on MS State features need to be optimized.

Parameter Optimization
If the number of allowed FDD calls is great, MSs are likely to camp on GSM cells. In addition to optimizing WCDMA coverage, modify the settings of SI-related parameters toincrease the possibility of GSM-to-WCDMA cell reselection. You are advised to set QI to 7 to ensure that MSs always search for 3G cells. In addition, you are advised to setFDDQMINOFFSET, FDDRSCPMIN, and FDDQMIN to small values, and FDDQOFF to a large value.

10.14.2 GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover and GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover
Monitoring
Monitor the inter-RAT outgoing cell handover success rate and call drop rate to check whether the GSM/WCDMA Service Based Handover and GSM/WCDMA Load Based Handover features need to be optimized.

Parameter Optimization
If the inter-RAT outgoing cell handover success rate is low, set RSCPOFF to a small value for increasing the number of candidate cells, and set HOSTAT3G to a large value for reducing the number of handovers. If the call drop rate is high, set ECNOOFF, HODURT3G, and TRIGTHRES to small values for accelerating handover decisions.

10.14.3 Fast WCDMA Reselection at 2G CS Call Release


N/A

10.15 Troubleshooting
None

11 Parameters
Table 11-1 Parameter description Parameter ID NE MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d Description

BET3GHOEN

BSC6900 SET GCELLH OUTRAN FDD(Opti onal)

GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: This parameter 114301 y specifies whether to allow 3G better cell handover GBFD- GSM/TD-SCDMA algorithm. 114302 Interoperability GUI Value Range: NO(No), YES(Yes) Actual Value Range: NO, YES Default Value: NO Unit: None

CELLRXQUAL BSC6900 SET GBFDWORSENRATI GCELLN 116201 OTHRSH C2PARA( GBFDOptional) 511303

Network-Controlled Cell Reselection (NC2) PS Handover Between GSMand LTE Based on Quality

Meaning: The number of times that the downlink transmission quality of the MS is lower than the transmission quality threshold of the MS ("EDGE GMSK Quality Threshold", "EDGE 8PSK Quality Threshold", or "GPRS Quality Threshold" by TBF type) is calculated accumulatively. When the rate of the accumulated value to the number of received measurement reports on the downlink transmission quality (Packet Downlink Ack/Nack message) is greater than or equal to the value of this parameter, the emergency reselection is triggered. GUI Value Range: 0~100 Actual Value Range: 0~100 Default Value: 30 Unit: %

CELLSELECTA BSC6900 SET GBFD- Fast WCDMAReselection at Meaning: This parameter FTERCALLREL GCELLC 114325 2G CS Call Release specifies whether to allow a CAD(Opti GBFDmobile phone to preferentially onal) camp on a 3G cell after a call 511406 is terminated in the areas covered by both

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

the GSM network and the UMTS network. GUI Value Range: NO(No), YES(Yes) Actual Value Range: NO, YES Default Value: NO Unit: None CLASSMARKQ BSC6900 SET UERY OTHSOF TPARA( Optional) GBFD- Call Control 110501 GSM/TD-SCDMA GBFD- Interoperability 114302 Meaning: Whether to enable the BSC to include the 3G classmark information element in the Classmark Request message that the BSC forwards from the MSC to an MS GUI Value Range: NO(No), YES(Yes) Actual Value Range: NO, YES Default Value: NO Unit: None DlLdrThrd2GCe BSC6900 SET GBFD- GSM andWCDMA Load ll GCELLH 511103 Balancing Based on Iur-g OINTER RATLDB( Optional) Meaning: When the downlink load of a cell is larger than the value of this parameter and is smaller than "2G Cell DL Overload Congest Thred", the downlink of the cell is in the basic congestion status. GUI Value Range: 1~100 Actual Value Range: 1~100 Default Value: 90 Unit: None DlOlcThrd2GCe BSC6900 SET GBFD- GSM andWCDMA Load ll GCELLH 511103 Balancing Based on Iur-g OINTER RATLDB( Optional) Meaning: When the downlink load of a cell is greater than the value, the downlink of the cell is in the overload congestion status. GUI Value Range: 1~100 Actual Value Range: 1~100 Default Value: 100 Unit: None

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

ECNOOFF

GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: As a performance BSC6900 ADD G3GNCE 114301 y counter for 3G cells, Ec/No LL(Option indicates the ratio of the al) energy per received chip to the spectral noise MOD power density. G3GNCE LL(Option al) If the Ec/No of a 3G neighbor cell is greater than "HOECNOTH3G" plus this parameter, the neighbor cell is listed in the candidate cell queue. GUI Value Range: 0~49 Actual Value Range: 0~49 Default Value: 3 Unit: dB

ECSC

BSC6900 SET GCELLC CBASIC( Optional)

GBFD- System Information Sending Meaning: The early 111101 GSM/TD-SCDMA classmark sending control (ECSC) parameter specifies GBFD- Interoperability whether the MSs in a cell use 114302 early classmark sending. After a successful immediate assignment, the MS sends additional classmark information to the network as early as possible. The additional classmark information mainly contains the CM3 (classmark 3) information. The CM3 (classmark 3) information contains the frequency band support capability of the MS (used for the future channel assignment), power information about each frequency band supported by the MS (used for the handover between different frequency bands), and encryption capability of the MS. GUI Value Range: NO(No), YES(Yes) Actual Value Range: NO, YES

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

Default Value: YES Unit: None GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: Offset of a FDD cell FDDCELLOFF BSC6900 SET GCELLC 114301 y report. CUTRAN When the priority of a 3G cell SYS(Opti is sequenced, the value of onal) this parameter be added to the receive level of the 3G cell in the measurement report. The values of this parameter correspond to the following decibel values: 0: 0 dB 1: 6 dB ... 7: 42 dB GUI Value Range: 0~7 Actual Value Range: 0~42 Default Value: 0 Unit: 6dB FDDCELLTHR BSC6900 SET GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: Threshold of a FDD ED GCELLC 114301 y cell report. CUTRAN When the receive level value SYS(Opti in the measurement report of onal) a 3G cell exceeds the value of this parameter, the measurement report takes effect. After the valid measurement report is filtered, the 3G cell joins the cell priority sequence. The values of this parameter correspond to the following decibel values: 0: 0 dB 1: 6 dB ... 6: 36 dB 7: positive infinity GUI Value Range: 0~7

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

Actual Value Range: 0~36, Positive infinity Default Value: 0 Unit: 6dB FDDFREQCNU BSC6900 SET GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: Number of UTRAN M GCELLC 114301 y FDD cells that should be CUTRAN included in measurement SYS(Opti report onal) GUI Value Range: 0~3 Actual Value Range: 0~3 Default Value: 2 Unit: None FDDQMIN GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: This parameter BSC6900 SET GCELLC 114301 y specifies one of the CUTRAN parameters for FDD cell SYS(Opti reselection. onal) A FDD cell becomes a candidate cell if all the following conditions are met for five consecutive seconds: 1.Receive level of the FDD cell > Average receive level of the current serving cell + "FDD Q offset"; The FDD cell meets the following condition in the case of any neighboring 2G cell: Receive level of the FDD cell > Receive level of any neighboring 2G cell + "FDD Q offset"; 2. Ec/No of the FDD cell > "FDD Qmin" - "FDD Qmin Offset"; 3. Receive level of the FDD cell > "RSCP Threshold"; If multiple FDD cells meet the preceding conditions, the MS reselects the cell with the strongest receive level. See 3GPP TSs 45.008 and 25.304. The values of this parameter

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

correspond to the following decibel values: 0: -20 dB, 1: -6 dB, 2: -18 dB, 3: -8 dB, 4: -16 dB, 5: -10 dB, 6: -14 dB, 7: -12 dB. GUI Value Range: 0~7 Actual Value Range: -20, -6, 18, -8, -16, -10, -14, -12 Default Value: 0 Unit: dB FDDQMINOFF BSC6900 SET GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: Offset of the SET GCELLC 114301 y minimum threshold for Ec/No CUTRAN during a FDD cell reselection. SYS(Opti A FDD cell becomes a onal) candidate cell if all the following conditions are met for five consecutive seconds: 1.Receive level of the FDD cell > Average receive level of the current serving cell + "FDD Q offset"; The FDD cell meets the following condition in the case of any neighboring 2G cell: Receive level of the FDD cell > Receive level of any neighboring 2G cell + "FDD Q offset"; 2. Ec/No of the FDD cell > "FDD Qmin" - "FDD Qmin Offset"; 3. Receive level of the FDD cell > "RSCP Threshold"; If multiple FDD cells meet the preceding conditions, the MS reselects the cell with the strongest receive level.

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

See 3GPP TSs 45.008 and 25.304. GUI Value Range: 0~7 Actual Value Range: 0~7 Default Value: 0 Unit: dB FDDQOFF GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: This parameter BSC6900 SET GCELLC 114301 y specifies one of the CUTRAN thresholds of the signal level SYS(Opti for 3G cell reselection. onal) A FDD cell becomes a candidate cell if all the following conditions are met for five consecutive seconds: 1.Receive level of the FDD cell > Average receive level of the current serving cell + "FDD Q offset"; The FDD cell meets the following condition in the case of any neighboring 2G cell: Receive level of the FDD cell > Receive level of any neighboring 2G cell + "FDD Q offset"; 2. Ec/No of the FDD cell > "FDD Qmin" - "FDD Qmin Offset"; 3. Receive level of the FDD cell > "RSCP Threshold"; If multiple FDD cells meet the preceding conditions, the MS reselects the cell with the strongest receive level. See 3GPP TSs 45.008 and 25.304. The values of this parameter correspond to the following decibel values: 0: - (always select a cell if acceptable) 1: -28 dB, 2: -24 dB,

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

... 15: 28 dB. GUI Value Range: 0~15 Actual Value Range: Negative infinity, -28~28 Default Value: 8 Unit: 4dB FDDREP BSC6900 SET GCELLC CUTRAN SYS(Opti onal) GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: This parameter 114301 y specifies whether Ec/No or GBFD- Processing of Measurement RSCP is used for the measurement report on a 110801 Report FDD cell. Ec/No stands for GBFD- Pre-processing of the signal-to-noise ratio. 110802 Measurement Report RSCP stands for the received signal code power. GUI Value Range: RSCP(RSCP), EcN0(Ec/N0) Actual Value Range: RSCP, EcN0 Default Value: RSCP Unit: None GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: Minimum level FDDRSCPMIN BSC6900 SET GCELLC 114301 y threshold of UTRAN cell CUTRAN reselection. During the cell SYS(Opti reselection decision from onal) a GSM cell to a FDD cell, this parameter is used to calculate the RSCP threshold of the target cell. A FDD cell becomes a candidate cell if all the following conditions are met for five consecutive seconds: 1.Receive level of the FDD cell > Average receive level of the current serving cell + "FDD Q offset"; The FDD cell meets the following condition in the case of any neighboring 2G cell: Receive level of the FDD cell

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

> Receive level of any neighboring 2G cell + "FDD Q offset"; 2. Ec/No of the FDD cell > "FDD Qmin" - "FDD Qmin Offset"; 3. Receive level of the FDD cell > "RSCP Threshold"; If multiple FDD cells meet the preceding conditions, the MS reselects the cell with the strongest receive level. See 3GPP TSs 45.008 and 25.304. The values of this parameter correspond to the following decibel values: 0 = -114 dBm, 1 = -112 dBm, 2 = -110 dBm, ... 14 = -86 dBm, 15 = -84 dBm. GUI Value Range: 0~15 Actual Value Range: -114~84 Default Value: 6 Unit: 2dBm FDDRSCPQUA BSC6900 ADD GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: Minimum RSCP of LTHRSH GEXT3G 114301 y the 3G FDD cell candidate CELL(Op GUI Value Range: 0~63 tional) Actual Value Range: 0~63 MOD Default Value: 10 GEXT3G CELL(Op Unit: None tional) G2G3GLdBlcDe BSC6900 SET ltaThrd OTHSOF TPARA( Optional) GBFD- GSM andWCDMA Load 511103 Balancing Based on Iur-g GBFD511408 Meaning: Use this parameter to set Load difference threshold for loadbased handovers between GSMand UMTS. If the load balance between a

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

2G cell and a 3G cell is greater than the threshold, load balance istriggered. GUI Value Range: 0~200 Actual Value Range: 100~100 Default Value: 110 Unit: % G2GLoadAdjust BSC6900 SET GBFD- GSM andWCDMA Load Coeff GCELLH 511103 Balancing Based on Iur-g OINTER RATLDB( Optional) Meaning: Coefficient used to modulate the load level of a 2G system so that the load level of the 2G system can be compared with that of a 3G system. GUI Value Range: 0~100 Actual Value Range: 0~100 Default Value: 10 Unit: None HODURT3G GBFD- HUAWEI I Handover BSC6900 ADD G3GNCE 110601 HUAWEI II Handover LL(Option GBFDal) 510501 MOD G3GNCE LL(Option al) Meaning: According to the P/N rule, if the conditions for the handover to a better 3G cell are met for P seconds within N seconds, the handover is triggered. This parameter specifies the number P. GUI Value Range: 1~32 Actual Value Range: 0.5~16 Default Value: 8 Unit: 0.5s GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: The 3G better cell HOECNOTH3G BSC6900 SET GCELLH 114301 y handover can OUTRAN betriggered only when the FDD(Opti Ec/No of a neighboring 3G onal) cell is greater than this threshold for a period of time. GUI Value Range: 0~49 Actual Value Range: 0~49 Default Value: 35 Unit: dB

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

HOOPTSEL

BSC6900 SET GCELLH OUTRAN FDD(Opti onal)

GBFD- HUAWEI I Handover Meaning: This parameter 110601 HUAWEI II Handover specifies whether a 2G cell GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit or to a 3G cell is preferentially selected as the target cell for 510501 y handover. When this GBFD- GSM/TD-SCDMA parameter is 114301 Interoperability setto Pre_2G_Cell, the BSC GBFDpreferentially selects a 2G 114302 candidate cell as the target cell for handover. When this parameter is set to Pre_3G_Cell, the BSC preferentially selects a 3G candidate cell as the target cell for handover. When this parameter is set to Pre_2G_CellThres, the BSC preferentially selects a neighboring 3G cell as the handover target cell if the receive level of the neighboring 2G cell that ranks the first in the candidate cell list is equal to or smaller than "HO Preference Threshold for 2G Cell". Otherwise, the BSC preferentially selects a neighboring 2G cell as the handover target cell. GUI Value Range: Pre_2G_Cell(Preference for 2G cell), Pre_3G_Cell(Preference for 3G cell), Pre_2G_CellThres(Preferenc e 2G cell by thresh) Actual Value Range: Pre_2G_Cell, Pre_3G_Cell, Pre_2G_CellThres Default Value: Pre_2G_CellThres Unit: None

HOPRETH2G

BSC6900 SET GCELLH OUTRAN FDD(Opti onal)

GBFD- HUAWEI I Handover Meaning: If the receive level 110601 HUAWEI II Handover of the neighboring 2G cell GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit that ranks the first in the candidate cell list is 510501 y equal to or smaller than this

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d GBFD- GSM/TD-SCDMA 114301 Interoperability GBFD114302

Description

threshold, the BSC preferentially selects a neighboring 3G cell as the handover target cell. Otherwise, the BSC preferentially selects a neighboring 2G cell as the handover target cell. GUI Value Range: 0~63 Actual Value Range: 0~63 Default Value: 25 Unit: dB

HORSCPTH3G BSC6900 SET GCELLH OUTRAN FDD(Opti onal)

GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: The 3G better cell 114301 y handover is triggeredonly when the RSCP of a GBFD- GSM/TD-SCDMA neighboring 3G cell is greater 114302 Interoperability than this threshold for a period of time. GUI Value Range: 0~63 Actual Value Range: 0~63 Default Value: 50 Unit: dB

HOSTAT3G

GBFD- HUAWEI I Handover BSC6900 ADD G3GNCE 110601 HUAWEI II Handover LL(Option GBFDal) 510501 MOD G3GNCE LL(Option al)

Meaning: According to the P/N rule, if the conditions for the handover to a better 3G cell are met in P of N measurement reports, the handover istriggered. This parameter specifies the number N. GUI Value Range: 1~32 Actual Value Range: 0.5~16 Default Value: 10 Unit: 0.5s

INFOEXCHGLI BSC6900 ADD MRFDST GNRNC( 211402 Mandator GBFDy) 511102 MOD GBFDGNRNC( 511402 Mandator y)

Meaning: Information exchange content to be NACC Procedure Optimization Based on Iur-g supported MBSC Load Balancing between GSMand WCDMA GUI Value Range: Radio Resource Reserved CELLCAPCLASS(Cell Capacity Info), Handover BetweenGSM/TD-SCDMA NACCRELATED(NACC Info) Based on Iur-g Actual Value Range:

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

CELLCAPCLASS, NACCRELATED Default Value: CELLCAPCLASS Unit: None INTERRATCEL BSC6900 SET LRESELEN GCELLH OBASIC( Optional) GBFD- GSM andWCDMATraffic 511104 Steering Based on Iur-g GBFD- GSM/TD-SCDMA 114302 Interoperability Meaning: This parameter specifies whether the reselection from 2G cells to 3G cells is allowed. GUI Value Range: NO(No), YES(Yes) Actual Value Range: NO, YES Default Value: NO Unit: None INTERRATINB BSC6900 SET SCHOEN GCELLH OBASIC( Optional) GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: This parameter 114301 y specifies whether the handover from 3G cells to 2G GBFD- GSM/TD-SCDMA cells is allowed. When this 114302 Interoperability parameter is set to NO, the GBFD- GSM andWCDMA Load parameter is invalid if the 511103 Balancing Based on Iur-g source cell identifier GBFD- Radio Resource Reserved contained in a 3G-to-2G cell 511402 Handover handover request is CGI (not BetweenGSM/TD-SCDMA SAI). Based on Iur-g GUI Value Range: NO(No), YES(Yes) Actual Value Range: NO, YES Default Value: NO Unit: None INTERRATOUT BSC6900 SET BSCHOEN GCELLH OBASIC( Optional) GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: This parameter 114301 y specifies whether the handover from 2G cells to 3G GBFD- GSM/TD-SCDMA cells is allowed. 114302 Interoperability GBFD- GSM andWCDMA Load 511103 Balancing Based on Iur-g GUI Value Range: NO(No), YES(Yes) Actual Value Range: NO, YES Default Value: NO Unit: None

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

IntRATLoadHO BSC6900 SET GBFD- GSM andWCDMA Load EcNoThr GCELLH 511103 Balancing Based on Iur-g OINTER RATLDB( Optional)

Meaning: Minimum Ec/No value of a 3G cell during the load-based GSM-to-UMTS handover GUI Value Range: 0~49 Actual Value Range: 0~49 Default Value: 25 Unit: dB

IntRATLoadHO BSC6900 SET GBFD- GSM andWCDMA Load RSCPThr GCELLH 511103 Balancing Based on Iur-g OINTER RATLDB( Optional)

Meaning: Minimum RSCP value of a 3G cell during the load-based GSM-to-UMTS handover GUI Value Range: 0~91 Actual Value Range: 0~91 Default Value: 30 Unit: dB

InterRATLoadH BSC6900 SET GBFD- GSM andWCDMA Load oEcNoBandWid GCELLH 511103 Balancing Based on Iur-g th OINTER RATLDB( Optional)

Meaning: Width of load band [EcNo] during the inter-RAT hierarchical load-based handover GUI Value Range: 1~49 Actual Value Range: 1~49 Default Value: 20 Unit: dB

InterRATLoadH BSC6900 SET GBFD- GSM andWCDMA Load oEcNoStart GCELLH 511103 Balancing Based on Iur-g OINTER RATLDB( Optional)

Meaning: Initial EcNo value of the inter-RAT load-based handover band GUI Value Range: 0~49 Actual Value Range: 0~49 Default Value: 49 Unit: dB

InterRATLoadH BSC6900 SET GBFD- GSM andWCDMA Load oRSCPBandWi GCELLH 511103 Balancing Based on Iur-g dth OINTER RATLDB( Optional)

Meaning: Width of load band [RSCP] during the inter-RAT hierarchical load-based handover GUI Value Range: 1~91 Actual Value Range: 1~91 Default Value: 60 Unit: dB

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

InterRATLoadH BSC6900 SET GBFD- GSM andWCDMA Load oRSCPStart GCELLH 511103 Balancing Based on Iur-g OINTER RATLDB( Optional)

Meaning: Initial RSCP value of the inter-RAT load-based handover band GUI Value Range: 0~91 Actual Value Range: 0~91 Default Value: 91 Unit: dB

InterRatCsServi BSC6900 SET GBFD- GSM andWCDMA Load ceLoadHoThrd GCELLH 511103 Balancing Based on Iur-g OINTER RATLDB( Optional)

Meaning: Threshold for setting the flag of accepting inter-RAT CS service handover of a 2G cell GUI Value Range: 1~100 Actual Value Range: 1~100 Default Value: 80 Unit: None

InterRatService BSC6900 SET GBFDLoadHoSwitch GCELLH 511103 OINTER GBFDRATLDB( 511407 Optional) GBFD511408 GBFD511104

GSM andWCDMA Load Balancing Based on Iur-g GSM andWCDMATraffic Steering Based on Iur-g

Meaning: When this parameter is set to Servicebased, the inter-RAT handover is triggered on the basis of the service distribution. In this case, the target cell is selected this parameter is set to Loadbased, the inter-RAT handover is triggered on the basis of the load balance. In this case, the target cell is selected according to the traffic load on the target cell and the load difference between 2G and 3G cells. When this parameter is set to Dynamic Service/Load based, the target cell is dynamically selected by using the service-based algorithm or the load-based algorithm according to the traffic load on the cell. When this parameter is set to CN Service-based, the inter-RAT handover decision is made on the basis of the service attribute of the core

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

network. When this parameter is set to OFF, no inter-RAT service handover or interRAT load handover in the access state is performed. GUI Value Range: Servicebased(Service-based), Loadbased(Load-based), Dynamic-based(Dynamic Service/Load-based), CnService-based(CN Service-based), OFF(OFF) Actual Value Range: Servicebased, Load-based, Dynamic-based, CnService-based, OFF Default Value: OFF Unit: None LOADRESELAL BSC6900 SET GBFDLOW GCELLN 116201 C2PARA( GBFDOptional) 511304 Network-Controlled Cell Reselection (NC2) Meaning: Whether to allow the cell load reselection. If this parameter is set to PERMIT and "NC2 Load Reselection Switch" is set to Support, the load of the target cell is involved in the algorithm for NC2 cell reselection. GUI Value Range: FORBID(Forbid), PERMIT(Permit) Actual Value Range: FORBID, PERMIT Default Value: PERMIT Unit: None LOADRESELM BSC6900 SET GBFDAXRXLEV GCELLN 116201 C2PARA( GBFDOptional) 511304 Network-Controlled Cell Reselection (NC2) PS Handover Between GSMand LTE Based on Cell Load Meaning: Threshold for allowing the MS to reselect a cell during load reelection. When the receive level of the serving cell is lower than this threshold, the load reselection is triggered. GUI Value Range: 0~63

PS Handover Between GSMand LTE GBFD- Based on Cell Load 511307 eNC2 BetweenGSM and LTE

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

Actual Value Range: 0~63 Default Value: 40 Unit: None LOADRESELR BSC6900 SET GBFDXTHRSH GCELLN 116201 C2PARA( GBFDOptional) 114301 GBFD114322 GBFD511304 Network-Controlled Cell Reselection (NC2) Meaning: When the uplink load or downlink load of the GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit target cell is lower than this threshold, it can accept the y MSs from the serving cell GSM/WCDMALoad Based due to load reselection. Handover GUI Value Range: 0~100 PS Handover Actual Value Range: 0~100 Between GSMand LTE Based on Cell Load Default Value: 60

GBFD511310 Multi Technology Neighbour Unit: % Cell Based Handover LOADRESELS BSC6900 SET GBFDTARTTHRSH GCELLN 116201 C2PARA( GBFDOptional) 511304 Network-Controlled Cell Reselection (NC2) PS Handover Between GSMand LTE Based on Cell Load

Meaning: When the uplink load or downlink load of the cell exceeds this threshold, the load reselection decision is made. GUI Value Range: 0~100 Actual Value Range: 0~100 Default Value: 85 Unit: %

GBFDMINACCRXLEV BSC6900 SET GCELLN 116201 C2PARA( GBFDOptional) 511302

Network-Controlled Cell Reselection (NC2)

PS Handover Between GSMand LTE GBFD- Based on Coverage 511303 PS Handover GBFD- Between GSMand LTE 511304 Based on Quality GBFD- PS Handover 511306 Between GSMand LTE Based on Cell Load GSM/LTE Service Based PS Handover

Meaning: Minimum receive level for a neighbor cellto become a candidate cell during cell reselection. When the receive level of the serving cell is lower than the value of this parameter, it indicates that the normal cell reselection level is bad. In this case, the parameter value is used for the calculation of the times of the occurrence of bad normal cell reselection level. GUI Value Range: 0~63 Actual Value Range: 0~63 Default Value: 15 Unit: None

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d GBFD- Network Assisted Cell 116301 Change (NACC) GBFD- PS Handover 119502

Description

NACCSPT

BSC6900 SET GCELLG PRS(Opti onal)

Meaning: Whether to support Network Assisted Cell Change (NACC). NACC is used in the network control mode NC0, NC1 or NC2. When an MS is in packet transfer mode, the NACC enables the network to notify the MS in advance of the system information about neighboring cells, accelerating cell reselection for MSs. GUI Value Range: NO(No), YES(Yes) Actual Value Range: NO, YES Default Value: NO Unit: None

GBFD- Network-Controlled Cell NC2LoadResel BSC6900 SET BSCPSS 116201 Reselection (NC2) OFTPAR A(Option al)

Meaning: Whether to involve the load of the target cell in the algorithm for NC2 cell reselection. If this parameter is set to Support, the load of the target cell is involved in the algorithm for NC2 cell reselection. GUI Value Range: NotSupport(Not Support), Support(Support) Actual Value Range: NOTSUPPORT, SUPPORT Default Value: NOTSUPPORT Unit: None

NC2SPT

BSC6900 SET GCELLG PRS(Opti onal)

GBFD- Network-Controlled Cell 116201 Reselection (NC2) GBFD119502 GBFD511307 GBFD511310

Meaning: Whether to support network control 2 (NC2). In NC2 mode, an MS sends the PS Handover BSC measurement reports eNC2 BetweenGSM and containing information about LTE the serving cell and Multi Technology Neighbour neighboring cells, and the Cell Based Handover network controls cell reselection for the MS.

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

GUI Value Range: NO(No), YES(Yes) Actual Value Range: NO, YES Default Value: NO Unit: None NCO BSC6900 SET GCELLP SBASE( Optional) GBFD- Networking Control Mode 119107 GSM/TD-SCDMA GBFD- Interoperability 114302 PS Handover GBFD119502 GBFD111101 GBFD511307 GBFD511310 Meaning: Network control mode for cell reselection of the MS. There are three modes. NC0: normal MS control. The MS shall perform System Information Sending autonomous cell re-selection. NC1: MS control with eNC2 BetweenGSM and measurement reports. The LTE MS shall send measurement Multi Technology Neighbour reports tothe network and the Cell Based Handover MS shall perform autonomous cell re-selection. NC2: network control. The MS shall send measurement reports to the network. The MS shall only perform autonomous cell re-selection when the reselection is triggered by a downlink signaling failure or a random access failure. When this parameter is set to NC2 and "Support NC2" in "SET GCELLGPRS" is set to"YES", the network side can control the cell reselection for the MS. GUI Value Range: NC0(NC0), NC1(NC1), NC2(NC2) Actual Value Range: NC0, NC1, NC2 Default Value: NC0 Unit: None NORMALRESE BSC6900 SET GBFDLALLOW GCELLN 116201 C2PARA( GBFDOptional) 511302 Network-Controlled Cell Reselection (NC2) Meaning: Whether to allow the cell normal reselection. If this parameter is set to PERMIT and "NC2 Load Reselection Switch" is

PS Handover Between GSMand LTE GBFD- Based on Coverage

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d 511307 eNC2 BetweenGSM and LTE

Description

set to Support, the load of the target cell is involved in the algorithm for NC2 cell reselection. GUI Value Range: FORBID(Forbid), PERMIT(Permit) Actual Value Range: FORBID, PERMIT Default Value: PERMIT Unit: None

OutSysLoadHo BSC6900 SET MRFD- MBSC Load Balancing En GCELLH 211402 OINTER RATLDB( Optional)

Meaning: This parameter specifies whether to allow the inter-RAT load handover in connection mode (after the assignment is complete). GUI Value Range: NO(No), YES(Yes) Actual Value Range: NO, YES Default Value: NO Unit: None

PENALTYRXLE BSC6900 SET GBFDV GCELLN 116201 C2PARA( GBFDOptional) 511302

Network-Controlled Cell Reselection (NC2)

PS Handover Between GSMand LTE GBFD- Based on Coverage 511303 PS Handover GBFD- Between GSMand LTE 511304 Based on Quality GBFD- PS Handover 511306 Between GSMand LTE Based on Cell Load GBFD511310 GSM/LTE Service Based PS Handover

Meaning: When the cell reselection failure message is received or the load cell reselection is initiated, the "Cell Penalty Level" is subtracted from the receive level of the target cell to avoid that cell reselection failure occurs repeatedly or that multiple MSs are reselected to the same target cell. This parameter is valid only within "Cell Penalty Duration".

Multi Technology Neighbour GUI Value Range: 0~63 Cell Based Handover Actual Value Range: 0~63 Default Value: 30 Unit: None PFCSUP GBFD- Streaming QoS(GBR) Meaning: Whether the NSE BSC6900 ADD NSE(Opti 119901 Multi Technology Neighbour supports the Packet Flow onal) Context (PFC) procedure that GBFD-

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d MOD 511310 Cell Based Handover NSE(Opti onal)

Description

can improve Quality of Service (QoS) of packet services. In SGSN Pool scenario, the PFC procedure will take effect when the following conditions are met: All the NSEs to which all the PTP BVCs in the cell belong support PFC (that is, "PFC Support" is setto YES). The SGSN supports PFC. The "Support GBR QoS" parameter in the "SET GCELLPSOTHERPARA" command is set to YES. GUI Value Range: NO(No Support), YES(Support) Actual Value Range: NO, YES Default Value: NO Unit: None

PSHOSUP

GBFD- PS Handover BSC6900 ADD NSE(Opti 119502 onal) MOD NSE(Opti onal)

Meaning: Whether to support PS Handover(PS HO). The PS HO is used to reduce the interval of the cell reselection of the MS. GUI Value Range: NO(No Support), YES(Support) Actual Value Range: NO, YES Default Value: NO Unit: None

QCI

BSC6900 SET GCELLC CUTRAN SYS(Opti onal)

GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: This parameter 114301 y specifies the threshold of the signal level for cell reselection GBFD- GSM/TD-SCDMA in connection mode before 114302 Interoperability ""Qsearch C"" is obtained. GUI Value Range: Use_Qsearch_I(Use Qsearch_I), Always(Always) Actual Value Range: Use_Qsearch_I, Always

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

Default Value: Use_Qsearch_I Unit: None QI BSC6900 SET GCELLC CUTRAN SYS(Opti onal) GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: This parameter 114301 y specifies the level threshold for cell reselection in idle GBFD- GSM/TD-SCDMA mode. In idle mode, if the 114302 Interoperability signal level of the serving cell is below [0, 7] or above [8, 15], the MS starts to search for 3G cells. For example, if this parameter is set to 5 and if the signal level of the serving cell is lower than 5, the MS starts to search for 3G cells; if this parameter is set to 10 and if the signal level of the serving cell is above 10, then the MS starts tosearch for 3G cells. The values of this parameter correspond to the following decibel values: 0: -98 dBm 1: -94 dBm 2: -90 dBm 3: -86 dBm 4: -82 dBm 5: -78 dBm 6: -74 dBm 7: (always), that is, the MS keeps searching for 3G cells 8: -78 dBm 9: -74 dBm 10: -70 dBm 11: -66 dBm 12: -62 dBm 13: -58 dBm 14: -54 dBm 15: Positive infinity (never), that is, the MS does not search for 3G cells.

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

GUI Value Range: 0~15 Actual Value Range: -98, -94, -90, -86, -82, -78, -74, (always), -78, -74, -70, -66, 62, -58, -54, Positive infinity(never) Default Value: 15 Unit: None QP BSC6900 SET GCELLC CUTRAN SYS(Opti onal) GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: This parameter 114301 y specifies one threshold of the signal level for cell reselection GBFD- GSM/TD-SCDMA in packet transfer mode. In 114302 Interoperability packet transfer mode, if the signal level of the serving cell is below [0, 7] or above [8, 15], the MS starts to search for 3G cells. For example, if this parameter is set to 5 and if the signal level of the serving cell is lower than 5, the MS starts to search for 3G cells; if this parameter is set to 10 and if the signal level of the serving cell is above 10, then the MS starts to search for 3G cells. The values of this parameter correspond to the following decibel values: 0: 98 dBm 1: -94 dBm ... 6: -74 dBm 7: (always) 8: -78 dBm 9: -74 dBm ... 14: -54 dBm 15: Positive infinity (never) GUI Value Range: 0~15 Actual Value Range: -98, -94, -90, -86, -82, -78, -74, (always), -78, -74, -70, -66, -62, -58, -54, Positive infinity(never) Default Value: 15 Unit: None QSEARCHC GBFD- GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: In connection BSC6900 SET GCELLC 114301 y mode, if the signal level is

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d CUTRAN GBFD- GSM/TD-SCDMA SYS(Opti 114302 Interoperability onal)

Description

below [0-7] or above [8-15], the MS starts to search for 3G cells. For example, if this parameter is set to 5 and if the signal level of the serving cell is lower than 5, the MS starts to search for 3G cells; if this parameter is set to 10 and if the signal level of the serving cell is above 10, then the MS starts to search for 3G cells. 0: -98 dBm

1: -94 dBm ... 6: -74 dBm 7: (always) 8: -78 dBm 9: -74 dBm ... 14: -54 dBm 15: Positive infinity (never) GUI Value Range: 0~15 Actual Value Range: -98, -94, -90, -86, -82, -78, -74, (always), -78, -74, -70, -66, 62, -58, -54, Positive infinity(never) Default Value: 15 Unit: None RESELHYST GBFDBSC6900 SET GCELLN 116201 C2PARA( GBFDOptional) 511302 Network-Controlled Cell Reselection (NC2) Meaning: Indicating that during cell reselection, the level of the target cell should meet the following condition: Level of target cell > [MAX (level of serving cell, "Cell Reselection Level Threshold") + "Cell Reselection Hysteresis"]. In

PS Handover Between GSMand LTE GBFD- Based on Coverage 511303 PS Handover GBFD- Between GSMand LTE 511304 Based on Quality

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d GBFD- PS Handover 511306 Between GSMand LTE GBFD- Based on Cell Load 511310 GSM/LTE Service Based PS Handover

Description

this way, ping-pong handovers do not occur. GUI Value Range: 0~63 Actual Value Range: 0~63

Default Value: 6 Multi Technology Neighbour Unit: None Cell Based Handover Network-Controlled Cell Reselection (NC2) PS Handover Between GSMand LTE Based on Coverage Meaning: The number of received Packet Measurement Report messages on the receive level of the serving cell is measured continuously. When the statistical value is greater than or equalto the value of this parameter, the normal reselection decision is made. GUI Value Range: 1~32 Actual Value Range: 1~32 Default Value: 10 Unit: None

RESELWATCH BSC6900 SET GBFDPERIOD GCELLN 116201 C2PARA( GBFDOptional) 511302

RESELWORSE BSC6900 SET GBFDNLEVTHRSH GCELLN 116201 C2PARA( GBFDOptional) 511302

Network-Controlled Cell Reselection (NC2) PS Handover Between GSMand LTE Based on Coverage

Meaning: If the number of times when the receive level of the serving cell within "Normal Cell Reselection Watch Period" is lower than "Cell Reselection Level Threshold" is greater than the value of this parameter, the normal cell reselection is triggered. GUI Value Range: 1~32 Actual Value Range: 1~32 Default Value: 1 Unit: None

RIMSUP

GBFD- Network Assisted Cell BSC6900 ADD NSE(Opti 116301 Change (NACC) onal) GBFD- eNACC Between GSMand MOD 511308 LTE NSE(Opti onal)

Meaning: Whether to support RAN information management (RIM). In the RIM procedure, RANs (Radio Access Network) can exchange messages through the core network.

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

GUI Value Range: NO(No Support), YES(Support) Actual Value Range: NO, YES Default Value: NO Unit: None RSCPOFF GBFDBSC6900 ADD G3GNCE 114301 LL(Option GBFDal) 114302 MOD GBFDG3GNCE 511407 LL(Option al) GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: This parameter y adjusts "Min RSCP threshold" to enable the GSM/TD-SCDMA selection of 3G candidate Interoperability cells based on cell priorities GUI Value Range: 0~63 Actual Value Range: 0~63 Default Value: 3 Unit: dB SPTCOMMME BSC6900 ADD MRFD- MBSC Load Balancing AS GNRNC( 211402 Optional) MOD GNRNC( Optional) Meaning: Whether to support the common bidirectional measurement procedure on the Iur-g interface. GUI Value Range: NO(No Support), YES(Support) Actual Value Range: NO, YES Default Value: NO Unit: None SPTINFOEXCH BSC6900 ADD MRFD- MBSC Load Balancing Meaning: Whether to support G GNRNC( 211402 NACC Procedure the bidirectional information Optional) GBFD- Optimization Based on Iur-g exchange procedure on the MOD 511102 between GSMand WCDMA Iur-g interface. GNRNC( GBFD- Radio Resource Reserved GUI Value Range: NO(No Optional) 511402 Handover Support), YES(Support) BetweenGSM/TD-SCDMA Actual Value Range: NO, Based on Iur-g YES Default Value: NO Unit: None SPTINTERRATI BSC6900 SET GBFD- PS Handover NBSCPSHO GCELLG 119502 PRS(Opti onal) Meaning: Whether to support In Inter-RAT Inter-cell PS Handover. The MS in the UMTS cell can be handed over to the BSC local cell through PS handover

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

algorithm. GUI Value Range: UNSUPPORT(Not Support), SUPPORT(Support) Actual Value Range: UNSUPPORT, SUPPORT Default Value: UNSUPPORT Unit: None SPTINTERRAT BSC6900 SET GBFD- PS Handover OUTBSCPSHO GCELLG 119502 PRS(Opti onal) Meaning: Whether support Out Inter-RAT Inter-Cell PS Handover. The MS in the BSC local cell can be handed over to the UMTS cell through PS handover algorithm. GUI Value Range: UNSUPPORT(Not Support), SUPPORT(Support) Actual Value Range: UNSUPPORT, SUPPORT Default Value: UNSUPPORT Unit: None GBFD- HUAWEI I Handover SYSFLOWLEV BSC6900 SET GCELLH 110601 HUAWEI II Handover OAD(Opti GBFDonal) 510501 Meaning: System flux thresholds correspond to the system flux obtained based on message packets, CPU load, and FID queuing load. The system flux level is the current flux control level of the system. 0-11: There are 12 flow control levels. Where, 0 indicates the lowest level and 11 indicates the highest level. A load handover is allowed only when the system flux is lower than the value of this parameter. The handover performed over the maximum threshold may have tremendous impacts on the system. Thus, this parameter should not be set to a higher

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

value. 1) The flow control level algorithm for the assigned system messages: [(Average Message Usage Inner Flow Control Discard Begin Threshold)/(Inner Flow Control Discard All Threshold - Inner Flow Control Discard Begin Threshold) x 100]/10+1 (round-down for division operation). If the value is smaller than Inner Flow Control Discard Begin Threshold, Level 0 is used. If the value is equal to or greater than Inner Flow Control Discard Begin Threshold, the level is calculated. The value range is from 0 to 11. 2) Flow control threshold for the CPU to start todiscard the channel access messages and paging messages: 80% . Flow control threshold for the CPU to discard all channel access messages and paging messages: 100% . CPU usage smaller than 80% corresponds to level 0. CPU usage equal to or greater than CPU flow control threshold 80% corresponds to level 2. An increase of 5% means an increase of 2 levels. Level 10 is the highest. The level value can be 0, 2, 4, 6, 8, and 10. GUI Value Range: 0, 8~11 Actual Value Range: 0, 8~11 Default Value: 10 Unit: None

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

Send2QuterFla BSC6900 SET g OTHSOF TPARA( Optional)

GBFD- System Information Sending Meaning: This parameter 111101 GSM/TD-SCDMA specifies whether the SI Type 3 message contains the GBFD- Interoperability 2QUATER indicator. 114302 GUI Value Range: NO(No), YES(Yes) Actual Value Range: NO, YES Default Value: YES Unit: None

SendUtranECS BSC6900 SET CFlag OTHSOF TPARA( Optional)

GBFD- System Information Sending Meaning: Whether the SI 111101 GSM/TD-SCDMA Type 3 message contains the 3G Early Classmark Sending GBFD- Interoperability Restriction field. The 3G Early 114302 Classmark Sending Restriction field is used to notify the MS of whether the early classmark message contains the 3G classmark message. This parameter is valid for dualmode MSs and is invalid for single-mode MSs. GUI Value Range: NO(No), YES(Yes) Actual Value Range: NO, YES Default Value: YES Unit: None

TRIGTHRES

GBFD- HUAWEI I Handover BSC6900 SET GCELLH 110601 HUAWEI II Handover OAD(Opti GBFDonal) 510501

Meaning: The load handover is triggered when the traffic load in a cell is greater than the value of this parameter. GUI Value Range: 0~100 Actual Value Range: 0~100 Default Value: 90 Unit: None

TrafficReselAllo BSC6900 SET GBFDw GCELLN 511306 C2PARA( GBFDOptional) 511307

GSM/LTE Service Based PS Handover eNC2 BetweenGSM and LTE

Meaning: Whether to allow the cell service reselection. When this parameter is set to"PERMIT", the Radio Access Technology (RAT) of the candidate cell is

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

considered in the algorithm for cell service reselection. GUI Value Range: FORBID(Forbid), PERMIT(Permit) Actual Value Range: FORBID, PERMIT Default Value: PERMIT Unit: None URGENTRESE BSC6900 SET GBFDLALLOW GCELLN 116201 C2PARA( GBFDOptional) 511303 Network-Controlled Cell Reselection (NC2) Meaning: Whether to allow cell urgent reselection. If this parameter is set to PERMIT and "NC2 Load Reselection Switch" is set to Support, the load of the target cell is involved in the algorithm for NC2 cell reselection. GUI Value Range: FORBID(Forbid), PERMIT(Permit) Actual Value Range: FORBID, PERMIT Default Value: PERMIT Unit: None UTRANCELLTY BSC6900 ADD GBFDPE GEXT3G 114301 CELL(Ma GBFDndatory) 114302 MOD GEXT3G CELL(Op tional) GSM/WCDMAInteroperabilit Meaning: This parameter y specifies the type of a 3G cell. A cell type can be GSM/TD-SCDMA Frequency Division Duplex Interoperability (FDD) or Time Division Duplex (TDD). GUI Value Range: FDD(FDD), TDD(TDD) Actual Value Range: FDD, TDD Default Value: None Unit: None UlLdrThrd2GCe BSC6900 SET GBFD- GSM andWCDMA Load ll GCELLH 511103 Balancing Based on Iur-g OINTER RATLDB( Optional) Meaning: When the uplink load of a cell is larger than the value of this parameter and is smaller than "2G Cell UL Overload Congest Thred", the uplink of the cell is in the basic congestion status.

PS Handover Between GSMand LTE GBFD- Based on Quality 511307 eNC2 BetweenGSM and LTE

Parameter ID

NE

MML Feature Feature Name Comman ID d

Description

GUI Value Range: 1~100 Actual Value Range: 1~100 Default Value: 90 Unit: None UlOlcThrd2GCe BSC6900 SET GBFD- GSM andWCDMA Load ll GCELLH 511103 Balancing Based on Iur-g OINTER RATLDB( Optional) Meaning: When the uplink load of a cell is greater than the value, the uplink of the cell is in the overload congestion status. GUI Value Range: 1~100 Actual Value Range: 1~100 Default Value: 100 Unit: None

12 Counters
Table 12-1 Counter description Counter ID Counter Name 1278082417 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.REQ.SD Counter Description H3600:Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handover Requests (SDCCH) H3609:Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handover Requests (TCH)

F ID

G 1

G 1

1278082418 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.REQ.TCH

G 1

G 1

1278082419 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.REQ.ACK.SD

H3610:Incoming G Inter-RAT Inter-Cell 1 Handover G Responses (SDCCH) 1 H3617:Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handover Responses (TCHF) H3618:Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handover Responses (TCHH) H3620:Failed Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (SDCCH) H3627:Failed Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (TCHF) H3628:Failed Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (TCHH) H362J:Failed Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Invalid Message)

1278082420 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.REQ.ACK.TCHF

G 1

G 1

1278082421 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.REQ.ACK.TCHH

G 1

G 1

1278082422 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.FAIL.SD

G 1

G 1

1278082423 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.FAIL.TCHF

G 1

G 1

1278082424 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.FAIL.TCHH

G 1

G 1

1278082425 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.FAIL.INVALID.CONTENTS

G 1

G 1

Counter ID Counter Name 1278082426 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.FAIL.CONG.SD

Counter Description H3620A:Failed Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (No Channel Available) (SDCCH) H3629A:Failed Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (No Channel Available) (TCH) H362E:Failed Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (CIC Unavailable) H362F:Failed Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (CIC Allocated)

F ID

G 1

G 1

1278082427 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.FAIL.CONG.TCH

G 1

G 1

1278082428 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.FAIL.NO.CIC

G 1

G 1

1278082429 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.FAIL.CIC.ALLOC

G 1

G 1

1278082430 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.FAIL.APPLY.TRSL.FAIL

H362B:Failed G Incoming Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handovers G (Terrestrial Resource 1 Request Failed) H362H:Failed Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Clear Commands Sent By MSC) H3620C:Failed Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Timer Expired) (SDCCH) H3629Cb:Failed Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Timer Expired) (TCH) (Signaling Channel) H3629Ca:Failed Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Timer Expired)

1278082431 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.FAIL.MSC.CLR.CMD

G 1

G 1

1278082432 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.FAIL.EXP.SD

G 1

G 1

1278082433 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.FAIL.EXP.TCH.SIG

G 1

G 1

1278082434 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.FAIL.EXP.TCH.TRAF.CH

G 1

G 1

Counter ID Counter Name

Counter Description (TCH) (Traffic Channel)

F ID

1278082435 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.REQ

CH360:Incoming G Inter-RAT Inter-Cell 1 Handover Requests G 1

1278082436 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.SUCC

CH363:Successful G Incoming Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handovers G 1

1278082437 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.SUCC.RATE

TH363:Success Rate G of Incoming Inter1 RAT Inter-Cell G Handover 1 CH361:Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handover Responses

1278082438 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.REQ.ACK

G 1

G 1

1278082439 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.FAIL

H362:Failed G Incoming Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handovers G 1 H362C:Failed Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Timer Expired) H362L:Failed Incoming Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Requested Speech Version Unavailable) H3500:Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handover Requests (SDCCH) (Excluding Directed Retry) H3507:Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handover Requests (TCHF)

1278082440 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.FAIL.EXP

G 1

G 1

1278082441 CELL.INTERRAN.INCELL.HO.FAIL.NO.SPEECH.VER

G 1

G 1

1278083417 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.REQ.NOT.INCLUDE.DR.SD

G 1

G 1

1278083418 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.REQ.TCHF

G 1

G 1

Counter ID Counter Name 1278083419 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.REQ.TCHH

Counter Description H3508:Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handover Requests (TCHH) H3510:Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handover Commands (SDCCH) (Excluding Directed Retry) H3517:Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handover Commands (TCHF) H3518:Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handover Commands (TCHH) H3520:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (SDCCH) (Excluding Directed Retry) H3527:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (TCHF) H3528:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (TCHH)

F ID

G 1

G 1

1278083420 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.CMD.NOT.INCLUDE.DR.SD

G 1

G 1

1278083421 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.CMD.TCHF

G 1

G 1

1278083422 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.CMD.TCHH

G 1

G 1

1278083423 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.NOT.INCLUDE.DR.SD

G 1

G 1

1278083424 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.TCHF

G 1

G 1

1278083425 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.TCHH

G 1

G 1

1278083426 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.MS.RPT.ABNORM.REL.UNS

H352Da:Failed G Outgoing Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handovers G (Reconnection toOld 1 Channels) (Abnormal Release, Unspecified) H352Db:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Reconnection toOld

1278083427 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.MS.RPT.ABNORM.REL.CHN

G 1

G 1

Counter ID Counter Name

Counter Description Channels) (Abnormal Release, Channel Unacceptable)

F ID

1278083428 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.MS.RPT.ABNORM.REL.T.E

H352Dc:Failed G Outgoing Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handovers G (Reconnection toOld 1 Channels) (Abnormal Release, Timer Expired)

1278083429 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.MS.RPT.ABNORM.REL.NO.ACT

H352Dd:Failed G Outgoing Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handovers G (Reconnection toOld 1 Channels) (Abnormal Release, No Activity on the Radio Path) H352De:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Reconnection toOld Channels) (Preemptive Release)

1278083430 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.MS.RPT.PREEMPT.RLS

G 1

G 1

1278083431 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.MS.RPT.HO.TA

H352Df:Failed G Outgoing Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handovers G (Reconnection toOld 1 Channels) (Handover Failed, Timing Advance out of Range) H352Dg:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Reconnection toOld Channels) (Channel Mode Unavailable) H352Dh:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Reconnection toOld Channels) (Frequency Unavailable)

1278083432 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.MS.RPT.NO.CH.MODE

G 1

G 1

1278083433 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.MS.RPT.FREQ

G 1

G 1

Counter ID Counter Name 1278083434 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.MS.RPT.CALL.CLR

Counter Description H352Di:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Reconnection toOld Channels) (Call Already Cleared) H352Dj:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Reconnection toOld Channels) (Semantically Incorrect Message) H352Dk:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Reconnection toOld Channels) (Invalid Mandatory Information) H352Dl:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Reconnection toOld Channels) (Message Type Non-existent or Not Implemented)

F ID

G 1

G 1

1278083435 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.MS.RPT.SEMANT

G 1

G 1

1278083436 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.MS.RPT.INV.MAN

G 1

G 1

1278083437 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.MS.RPT.MSG.TYPE.NEXISTENT

G 1

G 1

G 1278083438 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.MS.RPT.MSG.TYPE.NOT.COMPATIBLE H352Dm:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handovers G (Reconnection toOld 1 Channels) (Message Type Not Compatible with Protocol State) 1278083439 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.MS.RPT.CONDITION.IE.ERR

H352Dn:Failed G Outgoing Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handovers G (Reconnection toOld 1 Channels) (Conditional IE Error) H352Do:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Reconnection toOld Channels) (No Cell

1278083440 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.MS.RPT.NO.CA

G 1

G 1

Counter ID Counter Name

Counter Description Allocation Available)

F ID

1278083441 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.MS.RPT.PROTOCL

H352Dp:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Reconnection toOld Channels) (Protocol Error Unspecified) H352Dq:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Reconnection toOld Channels) (Other Causes) H352Ka:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Handover Request Rejected) (OM Intervention) H352Kb:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Handover Request Rejected) (Equipment Failure) H352Kc:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Handover Request Rejected) (No Radio Resource Available) H352Kd:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Handover Request Rejected) (Requested Terrestrial Resource Unavailable) H352Ke:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Handover Request Rejected) (BSS not Equipped)

G 1

G 1

1278083442 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.MS.RPT.OTHER

G 1

G 1

1278083443 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.HO.REJ.OM.INTERVENTION

G 1

G 1

1278083444 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.HO.REJ.EQUIP.FAIL

G 1

G 1

1278083445 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.HO.REJ.NO.RADIO.RES

G 1

G 1

1278083446 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.HO.REJ.REQ.NO.TER.RES

G 1

G 1

1278083447 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.HO.REJ.BSS.NOT.EQUIP

G 1

G 1

Counter ID Counter Name 1278083448 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.HO.REJ.INVAILD.CELL

Counter Description H352Kf:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Handover Request Rejected) (Invalid Cell) H352Kg:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Handover Request Rejected) (Requested Transcoding/Rate Adaption Unavailable) H352Kh:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Handover Request Rejected) (Circuit Pool Mismatch) H352Ki:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Handover Request Rejected) (Requested Speech Version Unavailable) H352Kj:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Handover Request Rejected) (Ciphering Algorithm not Supported)

F ID

G 1

G 1

1278083449 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.HO.REJ.REQ.TRANSC.UNAIVL

G 1

G 1

1278083450 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.HO.REJ.CIR.POOL.MISMATCH

G 1

G 1

1278083451 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.HO.REJ.REQ.NO.SV

G 1

G 1

1278083452 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.HO.REJ.CIPH.ALG.NOT.SUPT

G 1

G 1

1278083453 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.HO.REJ.TER.CIR.ALRDY.ALLOC

H352Kk:Failed G Outgoing Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handovers G (Handover Request 1 Rejected) (Terrestrial circuit already allocated)

1278083454 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.HO.REJ.INVAILD.MSG

H352Kl:Failed G Outgoing Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handovers G

Counter ID Counter Name

Counter Description

F ID

(Handover Request 1 Rejected) (Invalid Message) 1278083455 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.HO.REJ.PROTOCOL.ERR H352Km:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Handover Request Rejected) (Protocol Error between BSS and MSC) H352Kn:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Handover Request Rejected) (Other Causes)

G 1

G 1

1278083456 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.HO.REJ.OTHER

G 1

G 1

1278083457 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.CLR.CMD.RADIO.INTF.MSG.FAIL

H352Ha:Failed G Outgoing Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handovers G (Clear Commands 1 Sent By MSC) (Radio Interface Message Failure)

1278083458 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.CLR.CMD.RADIO.INTF.FAIL

H352Hb:Failed G Outgoing Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handovers G (Clear Commands 1 Sent By MSC) (Radio Interface Failure) H352Hc:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Clear Commands Sent By MSC) (OM Intervention) H352Hd:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Clear Commands Sent By MSC) (Equipment Failure)

1278083459 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.CLR.CMD.OM.INTERVENTION

G 1

G 1

1278083460 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.CLR.CMD.EQUIP.FAIL

G 1

G 1

1278083461 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.CLR.CMD.PREEMPTION

H352He:Failed G Outgoing Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handovers G (Clear Commands

Counter ID Counter Name

Counter Description Sent By MSC) (Preemption)

F ID

1278083462 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.CLR.CMD.INVALID.MSG

H352Hf:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Clear Commands Sent By MSC) (Invalid Message) H352Hg:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Clear Commands Sent By MSC) (Protocol Error between BSS and MSC)

G 1

G 1

1278083463 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.CLR.CMD.PROTOCOL.ERR

G 1

G 1

1278083464 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.CLR.CMD.OTHER

H352Hh:Failed G Outgoing Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handovers G (Clear Commands 1 Sent By MSC) (Other Causes) H352G:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (A Interface Failure) H352L:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (T7 Expired) H352C:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (T8 Expired)

1278083465 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.A.INTERF.FAIL

G 1

G 1

1278083466 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.T7.EXP

G 1

G 1

1278083467 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.T8.EXP

G 1

G 1

1278083468 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.REQ

CH350:Outgoing G Inter-RAT Inter-Cell 1 Handover Requests G 1

1278083469 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.SUCC

CH353:Successful G Outgoing Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handovers G 1

Counter ID Counter Name 1278083470 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.SUCC.RATE

Counter Description

F ID

TH353:Success Rate G of Outgoing Inter1 RAT Inter-Cell G Handover 1 CH351:Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handover Commands

1278083471 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.CMD

G 1

G 1

1278083472 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL

CH352:Failed G Outgoing Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handovers G 1 CH352D:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Reconnection toOld Channels) CH352K:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Handover Request Rejected) CH352H:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Clear Commands Sent By MSC)

1278083473 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.RECONN.SUCC

G 1

G 1

1278083474 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.REQ.REJ

G 1

G 1

1278083475 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.MSC.CLR

G 1

G 1

1278083486 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.REQ.LOAD.BASED.HO

H350G:Outgoing G Inter-RAT Inter-Cell 1 Handover Requests(load based handover)

1278083487 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.CMD.LOAD.BASED.HO

H351G:Outgoing G Inter-RAT Inter-Cell 1 Handover Commands(load based handover)

1278083488 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.TARGETCELL.TRAFLOAD.HIGHER

H352N:Number of G Failed Outgoing 1 Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (Target Cell Traffic Load Higher)

Counter ID Counter Name 1278083489 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.REQ.SERVICE.BASED.HO

Counter Description

F ID

H350M:Outgoing G Inter-RAT Inter-Cell 1 Handover Requests(service based handover)

1278083490 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.CMD.SERVICE.BASED.HO

H351M:Outgoing G Inter-RAT Inter-Cell 1 Handover Commands(service based handover)

1278083491 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.SERVICE.BASED.HO

H352M:Failed G Outgoing Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handovers(service based handover) H3500A:Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handover Requests (SDCCH) (Directed Retry) H3510A:Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handover Commands (SDCCH) (Directed Retry) H3520A:Failed Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handovers (SDCCH) (Directed Retry) ZH952C:Successful Reconnections toOld Channels upon Outgoing Inter-RAT Inter-Cell Handover Failure per BSC(T8 Time Out)

1278083492 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.REQ.DR.SD

G 1

G 1

1278083493 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.CMD.DR.SD

G 1

G 1

1278083494 CELL.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.DR.SD

G 1

G 1

1278699497 BSCRPT.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.T8.EXP

G 1

G 1

1278699498 BSCRPT.INTERRAN.OUTCELL.HO.FAIL.RECONN.SUCC

ZCH952D:Successful G Reconnections toOld 1 Channels upon G Outgoing Inter-RAT 1 Inter-Cell Handover Failure per BSC

13 Glossary
For the acronyms, abbreviations, terms, and definitions, see the Glossary.

14 Reference Documents
[1] 3GPP TS 45.008 Radio subsystem link control [2] 3GPP TS 44.018 Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification; Radio Resource Control (RRC) protocol [3] 3GPP TS 48.008 Mobile Switching Centre - Base Station system (MSC-BSS) interface; Layer 3 specification [4] BSC6900 Feature List [5] BSC6900 Optional Feature Description [6] BSC6900 GSM Parameter Reference [7] BSC6900 GSM MML Command Reference [8] Idle Mode Behavior Feature Parameter Description [9] Handover Feature Parameter Description