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ZXG10 B8018

In-Door Base Transceiver Station

Technical Manual
Version 1.00

ZTE CORPORATION ZTE Plaza, Keji Road South, Hi-Tech Industrial Park, Nanshan District, Shenzhen, P. R. China 518057 Tel: (86) 755 26771900 800-9830-9830 Fax: (86) 755 26772236 URL: http://support.zte.com.cn E-mail: doc@zte.com.cn

LEGAL INFORMATION Copyright 2006 ZTE CORPORATION. The contents of this document are protected by copyright laws and international treaties. Any reproduction or distribution of this document or any portion of this document, in any form by any means, without the prior written consent of ZTE CORPORATION is prohibited. Additionally, the contents of this document are protected by contractual confidentiality obligations. All company, brand and product names are trade or service marks, or registered trade or service marks, of ZTE CORPORATION or of their respective owners. This document is provided as is, and all express, implied, or statutory warranties, representations or conditions are disclaimed, including without limitation any implied warranty of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, title or non-infringement. ZTE CORPORATION and its licensors shall not be liable for damages resulting from the use of or reliance on the information contained herein. ZTE CORPORATION or its licensors may have current or pending intellectual property rights or applications covering the subject matter of this document. Except as expressly provided in any written license between ZTE CORPORATION and its licensee, the user of this document shall not acquire any license to the subject matter herein. The contents of this document and all policies of ZTE CORPORATION, including without limitation policies related to support or training are subject to change without notice.

Revision History Date 12/15/2006 Revision No. R1.0 Serial No. sjzl20061976 Reason for Revision First edition

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Document Name Product Version ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual V1.00 Document Revision Number R1.0

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Contents
About this Manual ........................................................... ix
Purpose .............................................................................. ix Intended Audience ............................................................... ix Prerequisite Skill and Knowledge ............................................ ix What is in This Manual ........................................................... x Related Documentation.......................................................... x Conventions ........................................................................ xi How to Get in Touch............................................................ xii

Chapter 1.......................................................................... 1 System Description.......................................................... 1


System Background .............................................................. 1 System Position and Role in Mobile Network ............................. 3 External Interfaces among System and Other NEs ..................... 4 System Structure.................................................................. 8

Chapter 2.......................................................................... 9 System Functions............................................................. 9


System Functions ................................................................. 9

Chapter 3........................................................................ 15 Technical Indices ........................................................... 15


Working Bands ................................................................... 15 RF Indices.......................................................................... 17 Physical Characteristics........................................................ 17 Voltage and Power Consumption ........................................... 17 Heat Dissipation ................................................................. 18 Environmental Characteristics............................................... 18 Capacity ............................................................................ 19 Clock ................................................................................ 19 Reliability .......................................................................... 19

Interface Specifications ........................................................ 19

Chapter 4........................................................................25 Structure and Principle ..................................................25


Hardware..................................................................... 25
Cabinet.............................................................................. 25 Clock Distribution ................................................................ 27 Time Slot Switching ............................................................. 28 Overall Hardware Structure .................................................. 29

Software...................................................................... 31
Software Structure .............................................................. 31

System Working Principle ............................................... 36

Chapter 5........................................................................39 Hardware Components Introduction ............................39


Cabinet Composition ............................................................ 39

Cabinet Top ................................................................. 40


Cabinet Top Structure .......................................................... 40 Cabinet Top Interfaces ......................................................... 41

Subracks ..................................................................... 50
Top-Layer Subrack .............................................................. 50 Carrier Subrack................................................................... 51 Fan Subrack ....................................................................... 51 Air Filter Subrack ................................................................ 52 Backplane .......................................................................... 53

Boards, Modules and Switches ........................................ 55


Controller & Maintenance Board (CMB) ................................... 55 E1/T1 Interface Board (EIB).................................................. 61 Power Distribution Module (PDM)........................................... 63 Transceiver Module for EDGE (DTRU) ..................................... 64 AEM (Antenna Equipment Module) ......................................... 67

Chapter 6........................................................................87 Networking Modes and Configuration...........................87


Networking Modes ............................................................... 87

Configuration ............................................................... 89
Configuration Principles ........................................................ 89 Configuration Examples of Various Site Types.......................... 90

Appendix A ...................................................................105 Abbreviation.................................................................105 Appendix B ...................................................................109 Figures..........................................................................109 Tables ...........................................................................113 Index ............................................................................115

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About this Manual


Purpose
This manual provides principles, specifications, functions and technical features of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00). It describes architecture, technical indices, interfaces and communications, networking, and system configuration of overall BTS.

Intended Audience
This document is intended for engineers and technicians who perform operation activities on the ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00).

Prerequisite Skill and Knowledge


To use this document effectively, users should have a general understanding of mobile communications technology. Familiarity with the following is helpful: ZXG10 BSS and its various components GSM Technology and equipment ZXG10-BTS (V2) series, and its technical and hardware details

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

What is in This Manual


This Manual contains the following chapters:
TABLE 1 - CHAPTER SUMMARY

Chapter Chapter 1, System Description

Summary Gives the system background, position and role in mobile network, external interfaces among system and other NEs and system structure of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00). Describes the system Functions of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00). Describes the technical specifications of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00). Describes the hardware and software structure and system working principle of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00). Describes different hardware boards and units of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00). Explains various networking modes, configuration principles, connections, and configurations of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00). Lists all the abbreviations used in the manual. Lists all the tables and figures appeared in the manual. Lists the important words appeared in the table.

Chapter 2, System Functions Chapter 3, Technical Indices Chapter 4, Structure and Principle Chapter 5, Hardware Components Introduction Chapter 6, Networking Modes and Configuration Appendix A, Abbreviations Appendix B, Tables & Figures Index

Related Documentation
The following documentation is related to this manual: ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Documentation Guide ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Installation Manual ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Routine Maintenance) ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Maintenance Manual(Troubleshooting)

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About this Manual

Conventions
Typographical Conventions ZTE documents employ the following typographical conventions.
TABLE 2 - TYPOGRAPHIC AL CONVENTIONS

Typeface Italics Quotes Bold

Meaning References to other Manuals and documents. Links on screens. Menus, menu options, function names, input fields, radio button names, check boxes, dropdown lists, dialog box names, window names. Keys on the keyboard and buttons on screens and company name. Text that you type, program code, files and directory names, and function names. Optional parameters. Mandatory parameters. Select one of the parameters that are delimited by it. Note: Provides additional information about a certain topic. Checkpoint: Indicates that a particular step needs to be checked before proceeding further. Tip: Indicates a suggestion or hint to make things easier or more productive for the reader.

CAPS Constant width [] {} |

Mouse Operation Conventions

TABLE 3 - MOUSE OPERATION CONVENTIONS

Typeface Click Double-click Right-click Drag

Meaning Refers to clicking the primary mouse button (usually the left mouse button) once. Refers to quickly clicking the primary mouse button (usually the left mouse button) twice. Refers to clicking the secondary mouse button (usually the right mouse button) once. Refers to pressing and holding a mouse button and moving the mouse.

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

How to Get in Touch


The following sections provide information on how to obtain support for the documentation and the software. Customer Support If you have problems, questions, comments, or suggestions regarding your product, contact us by e-mail at support@zte.com.cn. You can also call our customer support center at (86) 755 26771900 and (86) 800-9830-9830. ZTE welcomes your comments and suggestions on the quality and usefulness of this document. For further questions, comments, or suggestions on the documentation, you can contact us by e-mail at doc@zte.com.cn; or you can fax your comments and suggestions to (86) 755 26772236. You can also browse our website at http://support.zte.com.cn, which contains various interesting subjects like documentation, knowledge base, forum and service request.

Documentation Support

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Chapter

System Description
This chapter gives the system background, position and role in mobile network, external interfaces among system and other NEs, and system structure of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00).

System Background
GSM digital mobile communication system consists of MSS, BSS and MS. BSS consists of BSC, which is the control center, and BTS, which is the radio transceiver. BTS is controlled by BSC, which serves one or more cells. BSC implements radio transmission and relevant control of the air interface between BSS and MS, and implement radio resource management with BS. ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) is one of the ZXG10-BTS series of base transceiver stations, and is an indoor macro cell BTS of thirdgeneration for GSM. It employs many new technologies based on ZXG10-BTS (V2) and achieves improvement in software, hardware, and system reliability.

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

Figure 1 shows the GSM network.


FIGURE 1 GSM NETWORK

ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) applies to heavy traffic zones, and can be used for rural areas and expressways.

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Chapter 1 System Description

System Position and Role in Mobile Network


System Position in Mobile Network Figure 2 shows the ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) in a GSM/GPRS network.
FIGURE 2 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) IN A GSM/GPRS NETWORK

Relationship between System and Other NEs and Realized Functions

In a GSM/GPRS network, ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) is the radio transceiver for GSM BSS. BSC controls BTS, and one BTS serves a certain cell or several cells. Abis interface connects BTS to BSC. It helps BSC to manage radio resources, and achieve radio transmission with MS and relevant control functions through Um interface. It implements layer-1 and layer-2 protocols on the radio link and related control functions.

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

External Interfaces among System and Other NEs


Um Interface In PLMN, MS connects fixed parts of the network through a radio channel to enable subscribers to access communication services. A set of standards is set up along with a series of conditions provided to interconnect MS with BTS for signal transmission over the radio channel. This set of specifications about signal transmission over radio channel is the Um interface. Um interface hierarchical model constitutes both circuit service protocol as well as packet service protocol and both are shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, respectively. The packet service protocol is used at BSC side and here only physical layer is discussed.
FIGURE 3 - CIRCUIT SERVICE PROTOCOL HIERARCHY OF UM INTERFACE

U m C M M M R R L A P D m S ig . L 1 M S

I n te r fa c e

R R L A P D m S ig . L 1 B T S

FIGURE 4 - PACKET SERVICE PROTOCOL STACK STRUCTURE OF UM INTERFACE

M S a p p lic a t io n IP /X .2 5

BSS

SG SN

R LC

r e la y SNDCP

SNDCP LLC R LC M AC G SM RF Um M AC G SM RF r e la y BSSG P N e tw o rk S e r v ic e L 1 b is G b

LLC BSSG P N e tw o rk S e r v ic e L 1 b is

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Chapter 1 System Description

On the Um interface, the circuit service protocol falls into three layers as follows: Layer-1 (bottom) is the physical layer, consists of various channels and provides the basic wireless channels for upper level message transmission. Layer-2 (middle) is the data link layer with the LAPDm used which controls and transmits the data between MS and BTS. Layer-3 (top) is the highest layer, which comprises of various messages and programs and provides service control. Layer 3 consists of three sub-layers: Radio Resource Management (RR) Mobility Management (MM) Connection Management (CM) Relevant protocols of Um interface are as follows: GSM 04.03 describes the channel structure and access capability. GSM 04.04 specifies the physical layer structure. GSM 04.05 specifies the data link layer protocols. GSM 04.08 specifies the layer 3 protocols. Abis Interface Abis interface sends signal from BSC to BTS through standard E1 cable of PCM. The unbalanced input mode of 75 or the balanced input mode of 120 coaxial cable is used to access through transmission equipment such as digital microwave, fiber transmission (SDH and PDH), and the satellite link. Physically, an E1 interface is used as Abis interface and it is connected with the thin coaxial cable and D-socket. Abis interface hierarchical model constitutes circuit service protocol as shown in Figure 5. The Abis interface does not process the packet service protocol and it is transparent for packet signaling.

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

FIGURE 5 - CIRCUIT SERVICE STRUCTURE OF ABIS INTERFACE

A b is

I n te r fa c e

R R B T S M L A P D S ig . L 1 B T S B T S M L A P D S ig . L 2 B S C

On the Abis interface, the circuit service protocol falls into three layers as follows: Layer-1 (bottom) is the physical layer and it is the PCM digital link at the rate of 2 Mbps. Layer-2 (middle) is the data link layer and it is based on LAPD. Layer-3 (top) transparently transmits the layer-3 messages on Abis interface and manages radio resources. Relevant protocols of Abis interface are as follows: GSM 08.52 presents basic principles and rules of other specifications for Abis interface and how the service functions are divided between BSC and BTS. GSM 08.54 specifies physical structure of Abis interface. GSM 08.56 specifies data link layer protocols of Abis interface. GSM 08.58 stipulates layer-3 protocols of Abis interface. GSM 12.21 specifies O&M message transmission mechanism on the Abis interface. Figure 6 shows the flexible example of the Abis interface timeslot configuration.

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Chapter 1 System Description

FIGURE 6 - EXAMPLE OF ABIS INTERFACE TIMESLOT CONFIGURATION

O&M TSs on the Abis interface are multiplexed in each site, and the O&M signaling at different sites occupy the fixed TS on the Abis interface. At initialization, OMM reads ID signal from the rack top, and specifies TS of the BTS O&M information in the Abis interface according to the ID. For ID description, refer to DIP Switches and Jumpers.

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

The Abis interface has the following four types of TSs: TCH TS for TRM service Frame Unit LAPD (FUL) TS for TRM signaling O&M TS for operation and maintenance signaling EAM TS for transparent environment monitoring channel Abis interface processing is as follows: Transparently transmit the TCH, FUL, O&M and EAM between cascaded sites. On the site, the processes are according to the direction of the signaling as follows: Downlink: TCH and FUL signaling are transmitted to each transparently. The O&M transparently switches to signaling according to Terminal Endpoint Identifier and master rack transparently transmits the signaling. Uplink: The TCH signaling is transmitted transparently. FUL signaling in the same cabinet is compressed and packed in the CMM. O&M signaling is multiplexed based on TEI, and master rack transparently transmits the EAM signaling. TRM OMC (TEI) EAM

System Structure
Figure 7 shows the system structure of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00).
FIGURE 7 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) SYSTEM STRUCTURE

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Chapter

System Functions
This chapter introduces the system functions of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00).

System Functions
Large system capacity and high performance Capacity: 18 TRX/rack Largest site type: O54 or S18/18/18 Support 6 cells BTS power control: 6 levels static, 15 levels dynamic, 2 dB each step Ability of cascades: Support 4-level cascaded networking Compactness (smaller in size to make it appropriate for indoor installation). Supports functions and channel encoding modes of GPRS EGPRS CS1 - CS4 MCS1 - MCS9 Supports the following circuit-type voice services: Full-rate voice service Enhanced full-rate voice service Half rate voice service AMR voice service Supports the following circuit-type data service: 9.6 kbps full-rate data service 4.8 kbps full-rate data service

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

2.4 kbps full-rate data service GPRS/EDGE service Ready for EDGE , GPRS (CS-1 to CS-4) and EGPRS(MCS1 to MCS9) Compatible with the following standards: GSM Phase I GSM Phase II GSM Phase II + It adopts the GSM Phase II standard, capable of smooth upgrading to Phase II+. Supports modules of different frequency bands in one cabinet. Adjust the channel encoding mode dynamically according to the monitoring and measurement results. Provides the following TCH services: TCH/FS: Full-rate speech traffic channel TCH/HS: Half-rate speech traffic channel TCH/EFS: Enhanced full-rate speech traffic channel AMR voice service TCH/F9.6: 9.6 kbps full-rate data traffic channel TCH/F4.8: 4.8 kbps full-rate data traffic channel TCH/F2.4: 2.4 kbps full-rate data traffic channel PDTCH: Supporting packet data service channels for GPRS and EGPRS of all encoding modes Provides diversity reception Space diversity Frequency diversity Time diversity Polarization diversity Supports GMSK and 8PSK modulation System throughput: 384 kbps (48 kbps/timeslot) when mobile speed is between 3 kmph - 100 kmph and 144 kbps (18kbps/timeslot), when mobile speed up to 250 kmph. High reliability, that is, automatic bridge circuit protection High cost performance ratio Comprehensive functions Powerful service support capability (supporting GPRS/EGPRS) Employ Dual Tranciever Unit (DTRU) technology. (Possess two carriers in each physical transceiver module)

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Chapter 2 System Functions

Support combined cabinet capacity expansion with ZXG10BTS (V2) Support 4-way diversity reception Support 8 E1/T1 interface Support 75 /E1 and 120 /E1 transmission Support Tandem Free Operation (TFO) version 5 Possess advanced RF Technology With double density TRX and advanced software radio technologies, the ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) ensures the longterm reliability of the RF components, and improves the batch consistency and mass production of the equipment. Adopts Viterbi soft decision algorithm at the receiving end Improved channel decoding performance Increased system receiving sensitivity Anti-interference capability Support frequency hopping. It capability against Rayleigh fading. Decreasing transmitter power Lowering total interference level of air signals Covers long coverage kilometers in radius cells with a maximum of 120 improves the system

Supports Discontinuous Transmission (DTX):

Calculates Time Advance (TA) A single cabinet supports 18 TRXs, and at maximum supports 54 TRXs at the same site. One site supports S18/18/18 configuration. Provides common BCCH support, that is, same cell supports carrier frequency of two frequency bands sharing one BCCH. Abis interface supports following networking modes: Star Chain Tree Ring Flexible and reliable Abis interface With the advanced flow control algorithm and variable rate signaling link technology, multiple logic signaling links can be configured flexibly on 64 Kbps physical link to fully share the bandwidth. 15 carriers can share one E1 line for transmission, and the multiplexing ratio is irrelevant to the site type.

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

Automatic crossover protection function provided for Abis interface link, if in case any ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) is powered off in cascaded arrangement of BTSs. Supports preprocessing of the measurement reports of the BTS. Supports base station power control: Static, level-6 Dynamical, level-15 Supports all paging modes specified in GSM Supports different types of handovers: Synchronous handover Asynchronous handover Pseudo-synchronous handover Pre-synchronous handover Um interface supports A51/A52 encryption algorithm. Supports overall timely alarm system: Supports fan alarms and internal cabinet temperature alarms. Supports inputs for 10 pairs of external environment trunk nodes, and outputs for 2 pairs of trunk nodes. Provides a transparent channel for operation maintenance of the external intelligent equipment. and

Supports unattended BTS and automatic alarm function. Provides power supply and alarm for built-in tower amplifier system. Provides Local Maintenance Terminal (LMT), facilitating commissioning, debugging and daily maintenance Through the standard RS232 interface or RJ45 Ethernet interface, LMT can be connected to the equipment without dedicated cables. The LMT shares the same MMI as OMCR. Using the local maintenance gives an obvious view of the boards status with the lights and sound alarm to the operators. Extra safety is adopted in case of software version upgrade. Support the following power compensation in Down-link: Dual Power Combining Transmission (DPCT): When seeking greater cell range, it is crucial to have a strong signal from the BTS to the handset. This is often referred to as downlink capability. The handset represents it as signal strength. In configurations intended for maximum coverage, DPCT doubles the output power from the BTS cabinet, resulting in a significantly larger coverage area.

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Chapter 2 System Functions

All power emissions are combined together to increase the emission at the antenna end. The down-link signal power can be increased by 3 dB with combination. Delay Diversity Transmission (DDT): The signal in down-link is retransmitted in a specified symbols delay to avoid the related interferences. The delay period can be adjusted by operator with 0.125 symbol step within 5 symbols. The terminal gathers two phases of radio signal, carrying the same information and take entire different interference as noise. The down-link signal power can be increased by 3 dB by time-shifting. Supports the following power compensation in Up-link Interference Rejection Combining (IRC): With the efforts of diversity antenna, BTS can get 11 dB gain in software simulation or 5~6 dB gain in typical downtown area. By using IRC, BTS should be equipped with at least two RX antennas. Maximum Ratio Combining (MRC) The BTS picks up the largest receiving power signal from RX. The DTRU compare received signals. Equal Gain Combining (EGC): All the RX signals are amplified with the same index, and combined together. Advanced IP based Abis Interface The ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) provides possibility of Abis interface over IP. It can be connected back over a wide variety of IP networks. This feature brings the advantage of the cost effective structure of IP based networks to the existing population of deployed handsets, maximizing the potential return for the operator. Safe and agile power management subsystem AI Power Control: The system is capable to adjust the power requirements according to the present configuration and traffic demands. DTU is reconfigured automatically by partially switching off. This capability increases the life span of modules without any interference of system performances.

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

Advanced PS related feature Keeping in sight the future evolutions and demands for the data service, all the PS related services, including NACC, Dynamic Abis, QoS alarm, and DTM are available in BS 8000 series production. These features offer extra stability and performance guarantee for the operators.

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Chapter

Technical Indices
This chapter describes the technical indices of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00).

Working Bands
Working Frequency Bands ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) can support 900 MHz, extended 900 MHz, 850 MHz, 1800 MHz and 1900 MHz with different configurations along with variety of modules. Table 4 shows the working frequency bands.
TABLE 4 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) WORKING FREQUENCY BANDS

Frequency Band 900 MHz

Transmission Link Uplink (transmitted by MS and received by BTS) Downlink (transmitted by BTS and received by MS)

Values 890 MHz - 915 MHz

935 MHz - 960 MHz

Extended 900 MHz

Uplink Downlink

880 MHz - 915 MHz 925 MHz - 960 MHz 824 MHz 849 MHz 869 MHz 894 MHz 1710 MHz 1785 MHz 1805 MHz 1880 MHz 1850 MHz 1910 MHz 1930 MHz 1990 MHz

850 MHz

Uplink Downlink

1800 MHz

Uplink Downlink

1900 MHz

Uplink Downlink

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

Channel Interval Channel Configuration

Interval between two adjacent channels in any band is 200 kHz. All channels are configured with same interval. Table 5 shows the ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) channel configuration.
TABLE 5 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) CHANNEL CONFIGURATION

Frequency Band 900 MHz

Channel Number (n) 1 124 = 124

Frequency Calculation Uplink : Fu (n) = 890 + 0.2 n (MHz) Downlink : Fd (n) = Fu(n) + 45 (MHz), 1 n 124

Extended 900 MHz

0 124 and 975 1023 = 174

Uplink : Fu (n) = 890 + 0.2 n (MHz), 0 n 124 Fu (n) = 890 + 0.2 (n - 1024) (MHz), 975 n 1023 Downlink : Fd (n) = Fu (n) + 45 (MHz)

850 MHz

128 251 = 124

Uplink : Fu (n) = 824.2 + 0.2 (n 128) (MHz) Downlink : Fd (n) = 869.2 + 0.2 (n-128) (MHz), 128 n 251

1800 MHz

512 885 = 374

Uplink : Fu (n) = 1710.2 + 0.2 (n - 512) (MHz) Downlink : Fd (n) = Fu (n) + 95 (MHz), 512 n 885

1900 MHz

512 811 = 300

Uplink : Fu (n) = 1850.2 + 0.2 (n - 512) (MHz) Downlink : Fd (n) = Fu (n) + 80 (MHz), 512 n 811

Note: n is a channel number or Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number (ARFCN)

Duplex Transceiver Interval

All frequency bands have duplex transceiver interval given in Table 6.


TABLE 6 - DUPLEX TRANSCEIVER INTERVAL

Frequency Band 900 MHz Extended 900 MHz 850 MHz 1800 MHz 1900 MHz

Duplex Transceiver Interval 45 MHz 45 MHz 45 MHz 95 MHz 80 MHz

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Chapter 3 Technical Indices

RF Indices
Output Power High Receiving Sensitivity ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) supports 40 W output for 8PSK and 60 W for GMSK. The static receiving sensitivity of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) reaches up to -112 dBm. The high sensitivity guarantees the uplink channel performance and is one of the prerequisites for a wide coverage.

Physical Characteristics
Table 7 lists ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) physical characteristics.
TABLE 7 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) PHYSICAL CHARACTERISTICS

Characteristics Material Used

Parameters Framework Doorplates

Values Section Aluminum Aluminum 600 mm 550 mm 1600 mm

Dimensions

Width Depth Height

Weight Color

270 kg (fully configured) ZX-P02*02 Light Grey

Voltage and Power Consumption


Voltage and Power Consumption Chart Table 8 shows ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) voltage and power consumption.
TABLE 8 - ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) VOLTAGE AND POWER CONSUMPTION

Characteristics Voltage

Parameters Required working voltage Range

Values -48 V DC -40 V DC (Maximum) -57 V DC (Minimum)

Power Consumption

3750 W (60 W) 3400 W (40 W)

Grounding Resistance

The case of rack should be grounded well, with grounding resistance 5 at most.

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

Heat Dissipation
Heat dissipation in the rack is from TRM and AEM in the carrier plug-in shelf. Table 9 shows ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) heat dissipation of each module.
TABLE 9 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) HEAT DISSIPATION

Characteristics Heat dissipation (full configuration of each carrier shelf: 600 W)

Parameters TRM (18) ETRM AEM (9) CMM (2) Fan (3)

Values 120 W per TRM 135 W per ETRM 45 W per AEM 20 W per CMM 30 W per Fan

Heat dissipation in full configuration is as below: Without ETRM, heat dissipation of integrated equipment is less than 2200 W With ETRM, heat dissipation of integrated equipment is less than 2350 W

Environmental Characteristics
Table 10 shows characteristics. ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) environmental

TABLE 10 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) ENVIRONMENTAL CHAR ACTERISTICS

Characteristics Temperature

Parameters Minimum Maximum

Values -5 C 45 C 15 % 90 %

Humidity (No Condensation)

Minimum Maximum

Inner Illumination Air Pollution

Avoid direct sunshine to prevent the circuit boards and other components from aging and deforming. The average illumination should be 300 Lx - 450 Lx. Erosive gases, smog, and smoking are prohibited in the equipment room.

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Chapter 3 Technical Indices

Capacity
A single rack of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) supports 9 DTRUs, and 18 carrier frequencies when fully configured. A single cabinet supports the maximum site configuration S6/6/6. A single site supports 3 cabinets and 54 carriers.

Clock
ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) provides a two-level clock, whose specifications are given in Table 11.
TABLE 11 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) CLOCK SPECIFICATIONS

Characteristics Clock accuracy Pull-in range Maximum frequency bias Initial maximum frequency bias

Values 1.0 10-7 1.0 10-9 1 10-9 / day 1 10-7

Reliability
The product successfully passed the CE certification. It complies with international standards related to personal safety, electromagnetic security (EMC) and wireless frequency spectrum. Table 12 explains the specifications.
TABLE 12 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) RELIABILITY SPECIFICATIONS

Characteristics Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF) Mean Time to Repair (MTTR) Availability Ratio (A) Average Interruption time per year

Values 100000 hours 34 min. 12 sec. 99.9991 % 4 min. 48 sec.

Interface Specifications
Abis Interface Specification Abis interface adopts standard E1 interface. The performance of Abis interface meets the requirements specified by ITU-T G.703 and ITU-T G.704 given below:

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

Basic requirements The basic requirements of Abis interface are shown in Table 13.
TABLE 13 - ABIS INTERFACE BASIC REQUIREMENTS

Basic Requirements Approximate bit rate Bit rate tolerance Signal code pattern

Values 2048 Kbps 50 10-6 HDB3

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Chapter 3 Technical Indices

Electrical features The electrical features of Abis interface are shown in Table 14
TABLE 14 - ABIS INTERFACE ELECTRICAL FEATURES

Electrical Features Pulse Shape Approximate pulse duration Approximate peak voltage of pulse (mark)

Values Rectangular 244 ns 2.37 V (75 for pair coaxial cable) 3 V (120 for pair symmetrical cables)

Peak voltage when without pulse (vacant number)

0 0.237 V (75 for pair of coaxial cables) 0.3 V (120 for pair of symmetrical cables)

Amplitude ratio between positive pulse and negative pulse

At midpoint of pulse width: > 0.955 - 1.05 At half of approximate pulse amplitude: > 0.95 - 1.05 1.5 UI (peak-peak value, 20 Hz 100 kHz) 0.2 UI (peak-peak value, 18 Hz 100 kHz

Digital signal jittering features (1 UI = 488 ns)

Input Impedance features

2.5% - 5% (when it is 51.2 Kbps - 102.4 Kbps, echo attenuation 12 dB) 5% - 100% (when it is 102.4 Kbps - 2048 Kbps, echo attenuation 18 dB) 100% - 150% (when it is 2048 Kbps - 3072 Kbps, echo attenuation 14 dB)

Um Interface Specification

Main specifications are as follows: Wireless Channel Co-channel interference protection ratio: C/I 9 dB (static) Interference protection ratio of the adjacent channels: -9 dB Interference protection ratio of the second adjacent channel: -43 dB Wireless channel selection adopts shared signaling channel mode

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

Wireless RF modulation mode Adopts GMSK to perform modulation. BT = 0.3 and the modulation coefficient is 1.35. Transmitter Performance Transmitter phase error Phase error of the transmitter is the error between actual phase and theoretical phase. Root mean square (RMS) of BTS phase error 5o and peak value 20o. Transmitter frequency error Frequency error of the transmitter is the error between actual frequency and the theoretical frequency. BTS frequency error 0.05 ppm Average transmitted carrier power (requirement for the power amplifier output) There is a 6-level static power control function. It can adjust downwards six power levels with the step of 2 dB 1.0 dB, based on the maximum output power. At the same time, BTS has the downlink power-control function. It can decrease the power from level 0 to level 15 with the step of 2 dB 1.5 dB, based on the set power level. Specifications compliant with GSM 11.21 and GSM 05.05 are as follows: Transmitted RF carrier power/time envelope Inter-modulation attenuation of transmitter Inter-modulation attenuation in BSS Transmitted adjacent channel power Spurious emission of transmitter Receiver Performance The following characteristics describe the receiver performance, which comply with GSM 11.21 and GSM 05.05: Static layer-1 receiver function (approximate bit error rate) before channel decoding, which includes the following: Multiplexing and multi-addressing Equalizer decryption De-interleaving Channel encoding

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Chapter 3 Technical Indices

Static referential sensitivity level: A level set while inputting a standard test signal under the static environment. The FER, RBER or BER, generated after modulation and channel decoding, meets the specified requirements when the level is configured as the referential sensitivity level. Static sensitivity levels for reference of GMSK & 8PSK are as follows: GMSK: -108 dBm 8PSK: - 104 dBm Multi-path referential sensitivity: A level set while inputting a standard test signal under the multi-path environment. The FER, RBER or BER, generated after modulation and channel decoding, meets the specified requirements when the level is configured as the referential sensitivity level. Referential interference level (interference and suppression of same frequency and adjacent channels) is the capability to receive the expected modulation signal not over given degraded quantity. It is caused by unexpected modulation signal on same carrier frequency (interference of same channel) or any adjacent carrier frequency (interference of adjacent channel). Block and spurious response suppression Test the capability that BSS receiver receives the GSM modulation signal when interfering signal exists. Inter-modulation suppression It is used for linear degree measurement of RF part of receiver. It indicates the receivers capability of receiving good-quality expected modulation-signal, when two or multiple unexpected signals exist, which are similar to the expected signal in frequency. AM suppression It is the capability of receiving the expected modulation signals, below the given degraded quantity when an unexpected modulation signal exists. Spurious emission It is the emission of frequencies other than that used by RF channel of receiver and adjacent frequencies.

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Chapter

Structure and Principle


This chapter describes the hardware and software structure and system working principle of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00).

Hardware
Cabinet
Cabinet Appearance Figure 8 shows the ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) cabinet.
FIGURE 8 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) CABINET

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

Cabinet with Full Configuration

Figure 9 shows the single cabinet with full configuration


FIGURE 9 - SINGLE CABINET WITH FULL CONFIGURATION

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Chapter 4 Hardware Components Introduction

Clock Distribution
There are two main functions of clock system: Clock synchronization Clock distribution The system can work in free oscillation or network synchronization mode. The processing of 13 MHz clock synchronization is the same as in ZXG10-BTS (V2.0). However, in ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00), radio clock can work in free oscillation or synchronize with the ground transmission network. If system radio clock is configured for network synchronization, the system transmission clock should also be configured for network synchronization. There are two types of Abis interface in B8018 system: E1/T1 interface 100 Mbps Ethernet interface The system can work in free oscillation as well as network synchronization mode for both types of Abis interfaces. If the Abis interface is E1/T1, in network synchronization, both 2 MHz and 8 KHz synchronization clocks can be obtained. However, in the case of 100 Mbps Ethernet Abis interface, the 8 kHz synchronization can only be obtained from 2 MHz clock. The clock transmission in the internal system is implemented through LVDS. Clock from CMB to DTRU includes 13 MHz, 60 ms synchronization signal, 8 MHz, and 8K_8MW. The system clock distribution in the rack of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00), distributes from CMB to DTRU, employs point-to-multipoint bus LVDS for the same carrier frequency frame. This is shown in Figure 10. The clock is delivered to each carrier frequency frame through differential bus, and each DTRU of the same carrier frequency frame gets clock from the same bus. The 60 ms synchronization is to combine cabinet capacity expansion, and the frame number is transmitted via E1. If 60 ms synchronization signal is used in combined cabinet capacity expansion, it includes receiving 60 ms synchronization signal from main rack or sending 60 ms synchronization signal to secondary rack.

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

FIGURE 10 CLOCK DISTRIBUTION IN ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00)

Time Slot Switching


Figure 11 shows the time slot switching in ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00).
FIGURE 11 TIME SLOT SWITCHING IN ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00)
CMB CPU
2M HW

QMC 2 MHW 2 MHW 8*2MHW

Environment Monitoring (Transparent Message) Rate Conversion LAYER 1

dTRU (#0-2)

H 2M 4* W

8MHW

E1/T1 Framer& LIU

8*E1/T1

EIB 8*E1/T1

Rate Conversion

LAYER 2

dTRU (#3-5)

MT90826 4*2MHW Rate Conversion

4*2MH W

8MHW

100M ETH FIB

8MHW

4*2 MH W

Service data switching is implemented in CMB in ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) system. When Abis interface is E1/T1, CMB receives the service data, and operation and maintenance data from BSC, and switches it to each DTRU of the rack, auxiliary rack or cascaded site through 2 bit switching network.

Rate Conversion

LAYER 3

dTRU (#6-8)

8MHW

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Chapter 4 Hardware Components Introduction

Overall Hardware Structure


The rack is divided into several functional parts. These parts are located in four shelves. The shelf layout inherits the tradition in ZXG10 series. The interface module, control module and power distribution parts are concentrated at the top of the rack. E1/T1 Interface Board (EIB) is dedicated for the interface to provide E1/T1 interface. Fast Ethernet Interface Board (FIB) is an optional module to meet further IP backbone demands. The rest of three shelves are dedicated for the transceiver and antenna distribution modules. The combiner module can be configured as required to form S 18/18/18 sites or O54. Figure 12 shows the rack layout.
FIGURE 12 RACK LAYOUT

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) hardware structure is shown in Figure 13.


FIGURE 13 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) HARDWARE STRUCTURE

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Chapter 4 Hardware Components Introduction

Function Description

Function Description of each part of the cabinet is given in Table 15.


TABLE 15 - FUNCTION DESCRIPTIONS OF HARDWARE PARTS

Module EIB/FIB CMB

Description EIB supports E1/T1 interface. FIB supports 100BASE-T interface. CMB provides the basic operation and central control for the BTS including alarm control, synchronization, radio resource control etc. Providing all the radio functions related with terminal communication. DTRU module consists of four parts: DTPB, DPB, DPAB and DRCB.

DTRU

AEM PDM

AEM is in charge of combining several TX signals towards antenna, including CDU, ECDU, CEUT. PDM provides the power distribution function.

Software
Software Structure
The ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) software consists of the following main subsystems: dCMM software subsystem dFUC software subsystem dCHP software subsystem FIU software subsystem (optional) Figure 14 shows the basic software structure of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00).

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

FIGURE 14 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) SOFTWARE STRUCTURE

dCMM software sub-system takes charge of the system initialization after power on. It downloads all board software and operation and maintenance management system. dFUC and dCHP software sub-system take charge of service processing, baseband signal processing, and operation and maintenance on this board. FIU software sub-system is responsible for the connection with BSC, working flow control of board, resource configuration management, and operation and maintenance management. All board software run on respective CPU of each board. The communication among boards is implemented by HDLC communication protocol, and all board softwares are installed in pSOS (V2.0) operation system from WindRiver. dCMM Software Subsystem dCMM software block diagram is shown in Figure 15.
FIGURE 15 DCMM BLOCK DIAGR AM

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Chapter 4 Hardware Components Introduction

The dCMM software sub-system serves the following functions: Performs remote operation maintenance of BTS of the relevant sub-system. These functions includes the following: Parameters configuration Management of status and alarms Management of each software version Equipment test Provides local operation maintenance function to make onsite commissioning convenient. Provides alarm collection and management of external equipment to collect the state and alarm of the equipment that cannot communicate with CMM directly. Provides intelligent power ON/OFF management to BTS equipment. Synchronize the frame number and clock in one site. Increases the reliability of the system by employing active/standby hot backup in dCMM module (backup includes static configuration parameters and frame number). This makes sure that the service and signaling channels of dTRM module are in good status during active/standby dCMM switching. It helps the frame number of each TRM in the BTS to synchronize with the whole site. Provides interface function of the site. For example, the multiplexing of physical time slot and to provide transparent passage for some external equipment. Provides a series of debugging and test tools for error diagnosis and location. dCHP Software Sub-system Baseband processing unit with DTPB is called dCHP for short. Thin Chip Integration (TCI) 100 DSP device is the hardware platform for dCHP. There is one DSP chip on each DTPB. Main functions of dCHP software sub-system are as follows: Demodulation of baseband dual carrier IQ signal, supporting equalization demodulation of GMSK and 8PSK Baseband supports two and four-way diversities reception and transmission in DPCT mode Baseband measurement module, implementing calculation of C/I of radio channel Baseband synchronization module, implementing calculation of TA Channel coding/decoding, supporting CS HR/FR/EFR/AMR and PS service CS1-4/MCS1-9 Protocol processing of uplink and down link service

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

Processing of rate adaptation Message processing at HPI interface DSP/BIOS dispatch of operation system, sequence control of baseband assignment implementing

Baseband monitoring processing module, providing baseband alarm reporting and test debugging function Baseband power control dFUC Software Sub-system dFUC software block diagram is shown in Figure 16.
FIGURE 16 DFUC SOFTWARE BLOCK DIAGR AM

Operation and Maintenance Version Control

Management
Power Control

Radio Resource

Management

Equipment

Management

Paging and Access

dFUC Software Sub-system DFUC

dFUC software sub-system provides the following functions: Circuit Switching (CS) Service Manages radio resource: Complete processing of all messages at 3GPP 08.58 Abis interface and part of the radio resource management message at 3GPP 04.08 Um interface. Calculates TA Pre-processing by measurement report to decrease the signaling flux at Abis interface to satisfy the 16 Kbps transmission of LAPD. Support power control of MS and BTS Packet Switching (GPRS or PS) Service Assist BSC to implement part of functions of RLC/MAC module, and process the message on PBCCH and PRACH. Calculate TA of MS on Packet Timing Control Channel (PTCCH) Support dynamic configuration of PS/CS of physical channel

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Chapter 4 Hardware Components Introduction

Manage dCHP Load software used by dFUC, dCHP and FPGA, manage software version Parameter configuration and state management of dFUC and dCHP Alarm collection and report of dTRM unit Performance Test Support performance test item of BTS, for example number of lost paging messages, occupation time of maximum power level etc. Monitor running state dynamically of local and dCHP object by local operation and maintenance. FIU Software Sub-system FIU software block diagram is shown in Figure 17.
FIGURE 17 - FIU SOFTWARE SUB-SYSTEM BLOCK DIAGRAM

FIU software sub-system provides following functions: Mapping from downlink Ethernet IP packet to time slot and communicate with CMB by 8MHW Save uplink E1 signal and combine as IP packet to report BSC Implement and read various hardware management IDs of system: layer number, slot number, board type, and hardware version of board and so on to achieve mapping of MAC address of each board.

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

System Working Principle


The working principle of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) is shown in Figure 18.
FIGURE 18 - ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) SIGNALING FLOW

Baseband Modulated Signal B S C Data Link RF Demodulation Signal Control Signal System Clock Power Distribution Module -48V or +24VDC Controller & Maintenance Unit Antenna Feeder Processor Baseband Processor RF Signal Abis Interface

RF Unit

System Clock

Um Interface

ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) system includes following units: Controller & Maintenance Unit Baseband Processor RF Unit Antenna Feeder Processor Power Distribution Module (PDM) Working principle is as follows: Downlink: i. BTS receives data signaling data. from BSC, including voice and

ii. Control & maintenance unit receives signaling data for processing. iii. Base band processor receives voice data for processing such as rate conversion, encryption, and interleaving. iv. Voice is sent to RF unit where it is modulated to High frequency signals. v. The signals are then transmitted via the antenna feeder processor.

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Chapter 4 Hardware Components Introduction

Uplink: i. Antenna feeder processor receives RF signals from MS. ii. The signals are then transmitted to the RF unit to convert them into digital signals. iii. Data is sent to the base band processor for rate conversion, decryption, and de-interleaving. iv. After conversion to suitable code pattern for longdistance transmission, the signals are sent to BSC through the Abis interface.

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Chapter

Hardware Components Introduction


Cabinet Composition
Exploded View The cabinet consists of the main body, doors, top, base, and several shelves. The main body of the cabinet is a whole welded from columns, shell, bottom, and top. Figure 19 shows the structure of the cabinet.
FIGURE 19 CABINET STRUCTURE

1: Rear door 2: Cabinet top 3: Top shelf and PDM 4: Fan shelf

5: Carrier shelf 6: Side baffle 7: Front door 8: Horizontal cabling rack

9: Cabinet main body 10: Base 11: Air filter shelf

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

Cabinet Top
Cabinet Top Structure
The top of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) cabinet is used to install antennas, power switches, filters, grounding posts/sockets, and other sockets. Holes are designed on the back of the cabinet top as hot air outlets. The layout of the cabinet top is shown in Figure 20.
FIGURE 20 - CABINET TOP LAYOUT

1: PE 2: PWRTA_L1 3: PWRTA_L2 4: PWRTA_L3 5: 13 MHz Clock 6: FCLK 7: RJ45 8: E1 PORT

9: E1 PORT 10: RELAY_ALM 11: ID PORT 12: HYCOM1 13: HYCOM2 14: HYCOM3 15: HYCOM4 16: HYCOM5

17: HYCOM6 18: HYCOM7 19: HYCOM8 20: HYCOM9 21: HYCOM10 22: HYCOM11 23: HYCOM12

The interfaces on the cabinet top are shown in Table 16.

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Chapter 5 Hardware Components Introduction

TABLE 16 - INTERFACES ON THE CABINET TOP

Interface Name HYCOM1 HYCOM12 PWRTA_L1

Socket Type 7/16'' female socket

Description Antenna feeder interface Power interface of the first layer of tower mounted amplifier Power interface of the second layer of tower mounted amplifier Power interface of the third layer of tower mounted amplifier E1 interface Main contact point alarm interface Site ID interface 13M clock test interface FCLCK clock test interface Grounding post RJ45 interface

DB9 male socket

PWRTA_L2

DB9 male socket

PWRTA_L3 E1 PORT RELAY_ALM ID PORT 13M FCLK PE RJ45

DB9 male socket DB25 male socket DB25 male socket DB25 male socket BNC female socket BNC female socket -

Cabinet Top Interfaces


Interface between Primary Power and BTS Equipment The ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) uses 48 V DC power. The primary power is introduced from the power interface on the cabinet top. The interface between primary power and the BTS equipment is described in Table 17.
TABLE 17 - PRIMARY POWER INTERFACE SIGNAL DESCRIPTION

No.

Signal Name

Pin-outs and Signals End A PWR End B External -48 VDC External power ground Signal Definition -48 VDC

External power input cable

GND

Power ground

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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

Antenna Feeder Interface

The antenna feeder interface transmits RF carrier signals between BTS and MS. One BTS cabinet supports six suites of TX/RX antennas. There are six antenna feeder interfaces on the top of each BTS cabinet: HYCOM1 - HYCOM6. HYCOM1, HYCOM4: Antenna feeder interfaces of the AEMs in the third carrier shelf. HYCOM2, HYCOM5: Antenna feeder interfaces of the AEMs in the second carrier shelf. HYCOM3, HYCOM6: Antenna feeder interfaces of the AEMs in the first carrier shelf. Connector: 7/16'' female socket.

Tower Mounted Amplifier Interface (PWRTA)

The PWRTA interface is located on the cabinet top. Each BTS cabinet provides three such interfaces: PWRTA_1 to PWRTA_3. The signals of PWRTA_1 are defined in Table 18
TABLE 18 - SIGNAL DESCRIPTION OF PWRT A_1

Pin-outs and Signals End A End B Signal Definition

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

The signals of PWRTA_2 are defined in Table 19.

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No. -

TMA power

TMA power

TMA power TMA power TMA power

TMA power

Signal Name -

Connector

Cable Requirements

TA_PWR1

TMA power 1 Analog ground TMA power 0 TMA power 1 Analog ground TMA power 0 DB9 SYV-50-1

AGND

TA_PWR0 TA_PWR1 AGND

TA_PWR0

Chapter 5 Hardware Components Introduction

TABLE 19 - SIGNAL DESCRIPTION OF PWRT A_2

Pin-outs and Signals End A End B Signal Definition

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

The signals of PWRTA_3 are defined in Table 20.


TABLE 20 - SIGNAL DESCRIPTION OF PWRT A_3

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

No. No. -

TMA power

TMA power

TMA power TMA power TMA power

TMA power

TMA power

TMA power

TMA power TMA power TMA power

Signal Name Signal Name -

Connector

Cable Requirements

TA_PWR1

TMA power 1 Analog ground TMA power 0 TMA power 1 Analog ground TMA power 0 DB9 SYV-50-1

AGND

TA_PWR0 TA_PWR1 AGND

TA_PWR0

Pin-outs and Signals End A TA_PWR1 AGND TA_PWR0 TA_PWR1 AGND End B Analog ground TMA power 0 TMA power 1 Analog ground Signal Definition TMA power 1

DB9

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Connector

SYV-50-1

Cable Requirements
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ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) In-Door Base Transceiver Station Technical Manual

Pin-outs and Signals End A End B Signal Definition

Grounding Interface (PE)

The BTS cabinet top provides a PE interface directly connected with the protection ground of the equipment room. All digital grounds, analog grounds, and protection grounds inside the cabinet are grounded to the PE interface and the equipment room ground. Signal: 13 M reference clock Connector: BNC female Quantity: One per cabinet

No.

TMA power

Signal Name

Connector

Cable Requirements

TA_PWR0

TMA power 0

13 M Test Interface

FCLK Test Interface

Signal: System frame clock Line signal: TTL level Connector: BNC female

External Environment Monitoring Interface RELAY_ALM

The external environment monitoring equipment provides two kinds of interfaces: RS232 serial ports Main contact points for reflecting the alarm status On the top of the ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) cabinet, DB25 connectors are designed to connect alarm status signals the main contact points. The cabinet supports the inputs most ten pairs of main contact points and the outputs of at two pairs of main contact points. male from of at most

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Chapter 5 Hardware Components Introduction

The main contact point signal interface is defined in Table 21.


TABLE 21 - SIGNAL DESCRIPTION OF THE M AIN CONT ACT POINT SIGNAL INTERFACE

Pin-outs and Signals End A End B Signal Definition

10

11

12

13 14

No.

Main contact Points

Name

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Signal

Connector

ALM_IN0+

Main contact point input and pull-up resistor Main contact point input and pull-down resistor, connected to the I/O port Main contact point input and pull-up resistor Main contact point input and pull-down resistor, connected to the I/O port Main contact point input and pull-up resistor Main contact point input and pull-down resistor, connected to the I/O port Main contact point input and pull-up resistor Main contact point input and pull-down resistor, connected to the I/O port Main contact point input and pull-up resistor Main contact point input and pull-down resistor, connected to the I/O port Main contact point input and pull-up resistor Main contact point input and pull-down resistor, connected to the I/O port Digital ground Main contact point input and pull-up resistor

DB25

ALM_IN0-

ALM_IN1+

ALM_IN1-

ALM_IN2+

ALM_IN2-

ALM_IN3+

ALM_IN3-

ALM_IN4+

ALM_IN4-

ALM_IN5+

ALM_IN5-

DGND ALM_IN6+

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Pin-outs and Signals End A End B Signal Definition

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

Site ID Interface

There is a D connector on the top of each ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) cabinet. Inside this connector, there is a circuit board with a DIP switch used to set the site ID. The site ID interface is described in Table 22.

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No.

Name

Signal

Connector

ALM_IN6-

Main contact point input and pull-down resistor, connected to the I/O port Main contact point input and pull-up resistor Main contact point input and pull-down resistor, connected to the I/O port Main contact point input and pull-up resistor Main contact point input and pull-down resistor, connected to the I/O port Main contact point input and pull-up resistor Main contact point input and pull-down resistor, connected to the I/O port Main contact point output, connected to the output of the normally open relay Main contact point output, connected to the output of the normally open relay Main contact point output, connected to the output of the normally open relay Main contact point output, connected to the output of the normally open relay

ALM_IN7+

ALM_IN7-

ALM_IN8+

ALM_IN8-

ALM_IN9+

ALM_IN9-

ALM_OUT0+

ALM_OUT0-

ALM_OUT1+

ALM_OUT1-

Chapter 5 Hardware Components Introduction

TABLE 22 - SITE ID INTERFACE SIGNAL DESCRIPTION

Pin-outs and Signals End A End B Signal Definition

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Signals of the Site ID interface

No.

Signal Name

Connector

ID0 ID1 ID2 ID3 ID4 ID5 ID6 ID7 ID8 ID9 ID10 ID11 ID12 ID13 ID14 ID15 DGND -

Bit 0 of the site ID Bit 1 of the site ID Bit 2 of the site ID Bit 3 of the site ID Bit 4 of the site ID Bit 5 of the site ID Bit 6 of the site ID Bit 7 of the site ID Bit 8 of the site ID Bit 9 of the site ID Bit 10 of the site ID Bit 11 of the site ID Bit 12 of the site ID Bit 13 of the site ID Bit 14 of the site ID Bit 15 of the site ID Digital ground DB25

E1 Interface

In the ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00), the Abis interface and the intercabinet cascaded interfaces all use E1 interfaces. The signals of the E1 interface are defined in Table 23.
TABLE 23 - E1 INTERFACE SIGNAL DESCRIPTION

Pin-outs and Signals End A End B Signal Definition

1 E1 signals 2 3 4 5

No.

Signal Name

Connector

A_IN+ B_IN+ C_IN+ D_IN+ E_IN+

E1_A interface signal input E1_B interface signal input E1_C interface signal input E1_D interface signal input E1_E interface signal input

DB25

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Pin-outs and Signals End A End B Signal Definition

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25

No.

Signal Name

Connector

F_IN+ DGND A_OUT+ B_OUT+ C_OUT+ D_OUT+ E_OUT+ F_OUT+ A_INB_INC_IND_INE_INF_INA_OUTB_OUTC_OUTD_OUTE_OUTF_OUT-

E1_F interface signal input Digital ground E1_A interface signal output E1_B interface signal output E1_C interface signal output E1_D interface signal output E1_E interface signal output E1_F interface signal output E1_A interface signal input E1_B interface signal input E1_C interface signal input E1_D interface signal input E1_E interface signal input E1_F interface signal input E1_A interface signal output E1_B interface signal output E1_C interface signal output E1_D interface signal output E1_E interface signal output E1_F interface signal output

Inter-rack Synchronization Signal Interface (SYNC)

LVDS lines are used between ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) cabinets to transmit the synchronization clock (SYNCLK). Physically, a twisted pair with D connectors is used as the differential line.

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The inter-cabinet synchronization signal interface is defined in Table 24.


TABLE 24 - INTER-CABINET SYNCHRONIZATION SIGNAL INTERFACE SIGNAL DESCRIPTION

Pin-outs and Signals End A End B Signal Definition

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Clock synchronization signal

Local O&M Interface

The Man-Machine Interface (MMI) is a serial communication interface between the BTS and the LMT. The signals of the MMI interface are defined in Table 25.

No.

Signal Name DGND DGND DGND DGND DGND DGND DGND DGND DGND DGND -

Connector

Digital ground SYNCLK input Digital ground SYNCLK output Digital ground SYNCLK output Digital ground SYNCLK output Digital ground Digital ground SYNCLK input Digital ground SYNCLK output Digital ground SYNCLK output Digital ground SYNCLK output Digital ground DB25

ABIS_SYNCLK_IN+

ABIS_SYNCLK0+

ABIS_SYNCLK1+

ABIS_SYNCLK2+

ABIS_SYNCLK_IN-

ABIS_SYNCLK0-

ABIS_SYNCLK1-

ABIS_SYNCLK2-

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TABLE 25 - SIGNAL DESCRIPTION OF THE MMI INTERFACE

Pin-outs and Signals End A End B Signal Definition

Subracks
Top-Layer Subrack
In the top shelf, one PDM, one EIB/FIB and two CMBs can be installed. Configuration The structure of the top shelf in its full configuration is shown in Figure 21.
FIGURE 21 - TOP SHELF FULL CONFIGURATION

No.

Network interface

Serial port

Signal Name

Connector

LMT_1 LMT_2 LMT_3 LMT_4 LMT_5 LMT_6 LMT_7 External serial port External network interface

TD+ TDRD+ RDTXD_DEBUG RXD_DEBUG GND 5-pin bent D connector welded to the PCB

Functions and Principles

The PDM distributes -48 V power to the CMB, DTRU and other modules, and provides the overload protection function. The EIB/FIB provides the base station interfaces. Being the main control unit of the BTS, the CMB implements the following functions: Provides all the clocks needed by BTS Completes remote operation & maintenance of BTS Completes local operation & maintenance of BTS

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Collects equipment alarm information and provides hot active/standby function.

Carrier Subrack
In each carrier shelf, three AEMs and three DTRUs can be installed. The three AEMs are installed on the two sides of the carrier shelf. Configuration A carrier shelf in its full configuration is shown in Figure 22.
FIGURE 22 - MODULES IN THE CARRIER SHELF

1: AEM

2: DTRU

3: AEM

Functions and Principles

The DTRU controls and processes radio channels in GSM system, sends/receives radio channel data, modulates/demodulates baseband signals on the radio carrier, and sends/receives radio carrier signals. The AEM combines and divides air signals.

Fan Subrack
The ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) cabinet has three fan shelves located above the three carrier shelves for heat dissipation. Configuration The structure of a fan shelf is shown in Figure 23.

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FIGURE 23 - STRUCTURE OF FAN SHELF


1 2

1: Fan shelf panel

2, 3: Fan module

Each fan shelf can hold two fan modules that can be independently plugged/unplugged to ensure that they do not affect each other during their running. There are sockets on the back of each fan shelf and on the rear columns to connect the fan shelf with the rear columns. On the back of each fan shelf is a fan control board to control the rotation speed and wind volume of the fans, based on the temperature measured by the temperature probe on this fan control board.

Air Filter Subrack


Located in the bottom layer of the cabinet, the air filter shelf performs the dustproof function. The structure of the air filter shelf is shown in Figure 24.
FIGURE 24 - AIR FILTER SHELF STRUCTURE
2

1: Structural part of the air filter shelf

2: Dustproof cotton

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Backplane
There are two types of backplanes in ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) cabinet. BBCM The backplane used by the top shelf (CMB) is the BBCM (Motherboard of CMB). The BBCM bears the active and standby CMBs and transmits information between the active/standby CMBs and the carrier shelves/rack top/PDM. BBTR The backplane used by the carrier shelves is the BBTR (Motherboard of the Transceiver Module). The BBTR can bear three DTRUs and three AEMs. It provides the following functions: Sends the clock and downlink data from the CMB to the DTRU, and sends the uplink data from the DTRU to the CMB. Receives the alarms output by the AEM and the FCM. Supplies 12 V tower mounted amplifier power to the cabinet top. DIP Switches and Jumpers A Type D socket is located on the top of each ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) cabinet. In the socket, a circuit board with a DIP switch is installed, which can be used to set the cabinet ID. Note: For DIP switches S1 and S2, 0 means ON and 1 means OFF. Bits 1 ~ 8 of DIP switch S1 stand for bits 0 ~ 7 of the ID while Bits 1 ~ 8 bits of S2 stand for bits 8 ~ 15 of the ID. The CMB reads ID when being powered on and initialized to decide the cabinet level (basic/extended), synchronization clock port of the SDH network, and the O&M timeslot position. When the switches are set to ON, the ID status collected by the CMB is 0; otherwise, the status is 1. ID is a 16-bit serial number, as shown in Figure 25.

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FIGURE 25 - CABINET-TOP DIP SWITCHES

The meaning of each bit is explained as follows: BTS_TYPE 1100: B8018 1101: B8112 1110: M8202 1111: M8204 BTS_NO No. of the cabinet of the same site 00: Basic cabinet 01: Extended cabinet 1 10: Extended cabinet 2 SLAVE1_PORT The E1 port of the basic cabinet to connect extended cabinet 1 00: Port E of the basic cabinet 01: Port F of the basic cabinet 10: Port G of the basic cabinet 11: Port H of the basic cabinet SLAVE2_PORT The E1 port of the basic cabinet to connect extended cabinet 2 00: Port E of the basic cabinet 01: Port F of the basic cabinet 10: Port G of the basic cabinet 11: Port H of the basic cabinet SATE Whether to use the satellite Abis link or not 0: Common Abis 1: Satellite Abis ABIS_PORT

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O&M port number 00: Port A 01: Port B 10: Port C 11: Port D ABIS_TS The O&M LAPD timeslot on the Abis interface 000: TS16 001: TS31 010: TS30 011: TS29 100: TS28 101: TS27 110: TS26 111: TS25 The number of the E1 port of the basic cabinet to connect the lower-level site cannot be the same as of SLAVE_PORT1 or SLAVE_PORT2. For example, suppose Port D of the basic cabinet connects with the lower-level site, then the values of SLAVE_PORT1 and SLAVE_PORT2 cannot be 01.

Boards, Modules and Switches


Controller & Maintenance Board (CMB)
CMB is a major digital board in ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) providing interface and central control functions. CMB works in active/standby mode, to avoid interruption and give protection to the services. Functions The functions of CMB are listed below: Provides eight E1/T1 interfaces. Overall radio clock and transmission clock synchronization can be achieved by configuring CMB for overall network synchronization at background.

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Implements switching of thirty-two 2 M HW time slots with 2 bit switching array. Provides transparent passage for external environment alarm. Implements multi-BTS PCM link sharing. Supports star, chain, tree, and ring networking at Abis interface. Provides combined cabinets capacity expansion among many physical racks of one site. Provides all kinds of clock needed in BTS; including clock signal of 13 MHz, 2.048 MHz, 60 ms, 8K_8MW, 8 MHz, 16 MHz and so on. Detects, controls, and maintains the whole BTS system, support near-end and far-end management interface (the near-end interface is 10BaseT Ethernet network management interface). Manages program of each board and version of FPGA configuration file in system. Support near-end and far-end version update. Monitoring and control of each board running status includes: Detect in-position indication Send control command by control link Software reset each board in system Implement power switch of each board in system, Implement power ON/OFF of each board in system by interruption signal Employ digital loose coupling with micro-processor based phase locked loop. Synchronize various external reference clocks. The system is capable to filter jitter and wander noise (external reference source can be Abis line recovery clock, and can be chosen by CMU according to actual configuration). Board power interface (-48 V, -48 V ground, protection ground, digital ground) has the inverse polarity protection function for power connection. Implements, and reads various hardware management IDs of system, for example: Rack number (ID_DOG) Layer number Slot number Board function type Hardware version of board Reset button, switching push button, and compulsive power on button are available at front panel Board provides active/standby switching

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Active/standby signal is multiplexed by high impedance Provides compulsive power ON module for board/module Functional Diagram The functional diagram of the board is shown in Figure 26.
FIGURE 26 CMB FUNCTIONAL DIAGR AM

CMB Panel

The CMB Panel is shown in Figure 27.


FIGURE 27 CMB P ANEL
CMB
PWR RUN SYN CLK MST STA M/S RST FPWR

There are six LEDs on CMB panel: PWR, RUN, SYN, CLK, MST, and STA respectively. Description of CMB panel LEDs is given in Table 26.
TABLE 26 CMB P ANEL LEDS

LED Position 1

Green /Red

Color

PWR

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Name

Power LED

Meaning

Green ON: Normal Red ON: Alarm OFF: Power off or other reasons

Working Mode
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LED Position 2 3 4 5 6

Green

Green /Red

Green /Red

Green

Green /Red

Color

RUN

SYN

CLK

MST

STA

Name

Running LED

Clock synchronization mode LED

Clock LED

Active/Standby LED

Status LED

Meaning

Green flashing at 4 Hz: Boot is running Green flash at 1 Hz: Application is running Others: System is abnormal Green ON: Synchronization clock of the Abis interface network Green flashing at 1 Hz: Synchronization clock of the SDH network Red flashing at 1 Hz: E1 frame out-of-sync alarm Red ON: E1 line is broken or not connected OFF: Free running Green ON: Network synchronization is locked Green flashing at 1 Hz: Locking the phase Red ON: Clock fault Green ON: Active state Green OFF: Standby state OFF: Running normally Green flashing at 1 Hz: System initialization (Low). Green flashing at 4 Hz: software loading

Red flashing at 1 Hz: LAPD link disconnection (High). Red flashing at 4 Hz: HDLC link disconnection (Low).
Red ON: Other alarms (such as temperature, clock and frame number alarms)

Working Mode

Chapter 5 Hardware Components Introduction

Note: Low refers to low priority alarms and High refers to high priority alarms. No LAPD link disconnection alarm is defined for the standby CMB. The HDLC link disconnection alarm of the active CMB in the basic cabinet is defined as CCComm indication (communication between active CMBs of different cabinets). The HDLC link disconnection alarm of all the standby CMBs is defined as CMComm indication (communication between active and standby CMBs). When CMB is powered on, the PWR LED remains ON in green color. During the hardware initialization, all LEDs flash once to indicate that the LEDs are working normally. If the self-test fails, the RUN LED turns red, and the board restarts in 3 seconds. CMB panel provides one External Test Port (ETP), two buttons (one reset button RST and one manual active/standby switchover button M/S), and one switch (FPWR). Buttons and switch on the CMB panel are defined in Table 27.
TABLE 27 BUTTONS AND SWITCH ON CMB P ANEL

Name

Type

Meaning

Function This button is invalid if the board is standby.

M/S

Lock-free button

Active/standby switchover button

If the board is active and there exists a standby board working normally, press this button for active/standby switchover. Press this button to reset this module. It forcefully powers on all DTRUs.

RST FPWR

Lock-free button Switch

Reset button Power

External Interfaces

On the CMB panel, there is only one test port, ETP. Connect the PC with BTS, ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) using RS232 serial port and the network port for local operation and maintenance on the LMT, as shown in Figure 28.

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FIGURE 28 - LOCAL OPERATION AND M AINTENANCE OF ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00)

MO

MMI LMT

CMM

MO

...

BTS

MO

DIP Switches

The board layout, showing DIP Switches is shown in Figure 29.


FIGURE 29 - BOARD LAYOUT SHOWING DIP SWITCHES

The S7 DIP switches are described in Table 28, while S10 DIP switches are described in Table 29.
TABLE 28 S7 DIP SWITCHES

Circuitry Interface Mode Hold 100 T1 120 E1 75 E1

Switch 1 Hold

Switch 2 ON OFF ON OFF

Switch 3 ON ON OFF OFF

Switch 4 To select between 2 MHz clock and network clock. Default is 1 (Network clock)

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TABLE 29 S10 DIP SWITCHES

Circuitry Interface Mode ALM_IN11 input 2 MHz clock input No external input Hold

Switch 1 ON OFF OFF ON

Switch 2 ON OFF OFF ON

Switch 3 OFF ON OFF ON

Switch 4 OFF ON OFF ON

E1/T1 Interface Board (EIB)


The EIB provides the Abis interface connecting to the BSC. Functions Main function of EIU (E1/T1 Interface Unit) are as follows: Provide line impedance matching of 8 E1/T1 Signal isolation at IC side and line side Line protection at E1/T1 line interface Bypass function of E1/T1 line. Provides type information of interface board to CMU Functional Diagram Functional diagram of EIB is shown in Figure 30.
FIGURE 30 EIB FUNCTIONAL DIAGR AM

EIB
8 E1/T1

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EIB Panel

EIB Panel is shown in Figure 31.


FIGURE 31 - EIB P ANEL
EIB

DIP Switches

The board layout, showing DIP Switches is shown in Figure 32.


FIGURE 32 - BOARD LAYOUT SHOWING DIP SWITCHES

S2 S4

S5 S6

There are four DIP switches on EIB board to select line impedance: S2, S4, S5, and S6. These are described in Table 30.
TABLE 30 - DIP SWITCHES MEANINGS

PIN 1, 2 PIN 3, 4

S2 E1C E1D

S4 E1A E1B

S5 E1G E1H

S6 E1E E1F

Table 31 shows the working mode of DIP switches.


TABLE 31 - DIP SWITCHES WORKING MODES

Line interface mode 100 T1 120 E1

1 OFF OFF

2 ON OFF

3 OFF OFF

4 ON OFF

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Line interface mode 75 E1

1 ON

2 OFF

3 ON

4 OFF

Power Distribution Module (PDM)


The ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) adopts the fully distributed power supply. It distributes -48 V primary power to CMB and DTRU. The secondary power supply for each module is generated by the power supply module, present on each module. Functions PDM distributes the -48 V power to CMBs, DTRUs and FCMs, and provides overload protection via circuit breakers. In addition to a circuit breaker for each module, a main switch circuit breaker is placed at the -48 V input end on the top of the BTS cabinet. Functional diagram of PDM is shown in Figure 33.
FIGURE 33 - PDM FUNCTIONAL DI AGR AM

Functional Diagram

PWR 48V

Circuit breaker

Filter

TRM/ETRM1 . . . TRM/ETRM12 CMM1

12 TRMs/ ETRMs

2 CMMs PWRGND -48VGND CMM2

PDM Panel

The PDM panel is shown in Figure 34.

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FIGURE 34 - PDM P ANEL

There are 12 breakers on the PDM panel controlling the power supply of two CMBs, one EIB, and nine DTRUs.

Transceiver Module for EDGE (DTRU)


The DTRU controls and processes radio channels in the GSM system, sends/receives radio channel data, modulates/demodulates baseband signals on the radio carrier, sends/receives radio carrier signals, and collects alarms of the fans and AEMs. To adapt to different GSM systems and different output power requirements, different DTRUs have been designed for ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00). Table 32 shows the types of DTRUs.
TABLE 32 - TYPES OF DTRUS

Working Band GSM900 GSM850 GSM1800 GSM1900

Module Name DTRUG DTRUM DTRUD DTRUP

Functions

Main functions of DTRU are as follows: Processes 2 carriers at maximum in downlink: Complete rate adaptation

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Channel coding and interleaving Encryption Generating TDMA burst pulse Complement GMSK/8PSK modulation Digital up-conversion of the two carriers Processes 2 carriers at maximum in uplink: Implement uplink digital down conversion Diversity combining of receiver Digital demodulation (GMSK and 8PSK demodulation, equalization) Decrypting De-interleaving Rate adaptation Implement processing of uplink and downlink RF signal. Receive the system clock from CMB and generate the clock needed by this module. Implement and read various hardware management IDs of system: rack number, slot number, board function type, and hardware version of board, and so on. Implement communication of service data and operation and maintenance signaling through one 8 Mbps HW. Receive switching signal of CMB to complete power ON/OFF of module. Support online update and load of software version, support version update of programmable device. Detect working state of module, collect alarm signal in real time and report it to CMB. Support RF frequency hopping, DPCT, downlink transmission diversity, and four diversities reception in uplink. Support close-loop power control. Provide debugging serial interface and network interface. Board power interface (-48 V, -48 V ground, protection ground, digital ground) has the inverse polarity protection function for power connection. Delayed start function and intelligent power ON/OFF function. DTRU Panel DTRU Panel is shown in Figure 35.

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FIGURE 35 DTRU P ANEL

DTRUG
TX1 RXM1 TXcom

RXD1

TX2
PWR RUN MOD ACT1 ACT2 STA RST

RXM2

RXD2

ETP

Panel Indicators

Panel indicators are given in Table 33.


TABLE 33 DTRU P ANEL LEDS

Identifier PWR RUN MOD ACT1 ACT2 STA RST

Full Name Power Run Model Active Active State Reset

Meaning Power LED Running LED BCCH mode LED Channel activation LED1 Channel activation LED2 Status LED Reset button

External Interfaces

DTRU External Interfaces are described in Table 34.


TABLE 34 - DTRU EXTERNAL INTERFACES

Identifier RXM1

Meaning Receiver 1

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Identifier RXD1 RXM2 RXD2 TX1 TX2 TXcom ETP

Meaning Receiver 1 (for diversity) Receiver 2 Receiver 2 (for diversity) Transmitter 1 Transmitter 2 Transmitter Combiner Extend Test Port

AEM (Antenna Equipment Module)


The location of AEM in the system is shown in Figure 36.
FIGURE 36 - AEM LOCATION IN THE SYSTEM

TX TRMs or ETRMs AEM

RX

The AEM provides the following functions: Combines the transmit signals of multiple carriers. Provides bidirectional signal channels from the BTS to the antenna for the transmitting band and from the antenna to the BTS for the receiving band. Gives an alarm when the VSWR of the antenna port deteriorates. Suppresses the interference out of the working band and spurious emission. Flexibly configures carriers. Implements diversity receiving. Classification The AEM consists of CDU and CEU. The CDU is the major component while CEU cooperates with CDU to configure a specific number of carriers of BTS. In addition, each AEM contains one power interface board (DAEM), which supplies power to the internal and external amplifiers of AEU and reports alarm signals to TPU.

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To adapt to different working bands such as GSM900, EGSM900, GSM850, GSM1800 and GSM1900, different AEMs have been designed for ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00). Table 35 shows the types of AEMs according to CDU types, while Table 26 shows the types of AEMs according to working bands.
TABLE 35 - TYPES OF AEMS ( ACCORDING TO CDU TYPE)

Unit Name

Module Name CDUG BCDUG CCDUG RCDUG_8M

Working Frequency Rx: 890 MHz - 915 MHz Tx: 935 MHz - 960 MHz Rx: 880 MHz - 905 MHz Tx: 925 MHz - 950 MHz Rx: 885 MHz - 910 MHz Tx: 930 MHz - 955 MHz Rx: 882 MHz - 890 MHz Tx: 927 MHz - 935M Hz Rx: 880 MHz - 890 MHz Tx: 925 MHz - 935 MHz Rx: 1710 MHz - 1785 MHz Tx: 1805 MHz - 1880 MHz Rx: 824 MHz - 849 MHz Tx: 869 MHz- 894 MHz Rx: 1850 MHz - 1910 MHz Tx: 1930 MHz - 1990 MHz Rx: 880 MHz - 915 MHz Tx: 925 MHz - 960 MHz Rx: 1710 MHz - 1785 MHz Tx: 1805 MHz - 1880 MHz Rx: 824 MHz - 849 MHz Tx: 869 MHz - 894 MHz Rx: 1850 MHz - 1910 MHz Tx: 1930 MHz - 1990 MHz

CDU RCDUG_10M CDUD CDUC CDUP CEUG CEUD CEU CEUC CEUP

TABLE 36 - TYPES OF AEMS ( ACCORDING TO WORKING BAND)

Working Band

Module Name CDUG

Description These three modules can be flexibly combined in the GSM900 system to implement various configurations of BTS carriers. The uplink/downlink frequency of BCDUG is 10 GHz; lower than that of CDUG. The

GSM900

CEUG BCDUG

EGSM900

BRDUG

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Working Band

Module Name CEUG

Description uplink/downlink frequency of the BRDUG is 10 GHz lower. The CEU directly uses the CEUG of the GSM900 system. In the corresponding working band of EGSM900 system, these three modules can be combined flexibly to implement various configurations of BTS carriers. The uplink/downlink frequency of CCDUG is 5 GHz lower than that of CDUG in terms of uplink/downlink frequency while the uplink/downlink frequency of CRDUG is 5 GHz lower than that of the RDUG. The CEU directly uses the CEUG of the GSM900 system. In the corresponding working band of EGSM900 system, these three modules can be combined flexibly to implement various configurations of BTS carriers. These two modules can be flexibly combined in the corresponding working band of EGSM900 system to implement various configurations of BTS carriers. These two modules can be flexibly combined in the corresponding working band of EGSM900 system to implement various configurations of BTS carriers. These modules can be flexibly combined in GSM850 system to implement various configurations of BTS carriers. These modules can be flexibly combined in GSM1800 system to implement various configurations of BTS carriers. These modules can be flexibly combined in GSM1900 system to implement various configurations of BTS carriers.

CCDUG

CRDUG CEUG

RCDUG_8M

CEUG RCDUG_10M CEUG CDUC RDUC GSM850 CEUC CDUD RDUD GSM1800 CEUD CDUP RDUP GSM1900 CEUP CDUP

Comparison between different CEUs and CENs is shown in Table 37.


TABLE 37 - COMPARISON BETWEEN DIFFERENT CEUS AND CENS

Name CEU

No. of Combiners & Splitters Two 2-to-1 Combiner Two 1-to-2 Splitter

Width 90 mm

Slot No. 1st, 6th

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Name CEU/2

No. of Combiners & Splitters Two 2-to-1 Combiner Two 1-to-2 Splitter

Width 80 mm

Slot No. 5th

CENU

Two 3-to-1 Combiner Two 1-to-4 Splitter

90 mm

1st, 6th

CENU/2

Two 3-to-1 Combiner Two 1-to-2 Splitter

90 mm

5th

CENU/3

Two 3-to-1 Combiner Two 1-to-4 Splitter

80 mm

5th

CENU/4

Two 3-to-1 Combiner Two 1-to-2 Splitter

80 mm

5th

CDU (Combiner Distribution Unit)


CDUs are of different types with respect to different working bands: CDUG BCDUG CCDUG RCDUG_8M RCDUG_10M CDUC CDUD CDUP The CDU is composed of four parts: Broadband combiner Transceiving duplexer VSWR detection circuit LNA (including a splitter) Function The combiner combines the output signals from multiple transmitters into one output port for output.

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Functional Blocks

CDU functional blocks are shown in Figure 37.


FIGURE 37 - FUNCTIONAL BLOCKS OF THE CDU

The CDU supports one 2-in-1 combiner, a 1-to-4 low-noise amplifier. It has two low noise amplifiers with extended receiving output and one built-in duplexer. CDU Panel All the CDUs have the same panel. The following example describes the CDUG panel. The panel of the CDUG is shown in Figure 38.

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FIGURE 38 - CDUG P ANEL S TRUCTURE

The following appear on the CDUG panel: 5 LEDs 1 Extended TX port (ETX) 1 Radio test port (RTE) 2 Combiner input ports (TX1 - TX2) 4 Low-noise amplifier output ports (RX1 - RX4) 2 Low-noise amplifier extended output ports (ERX1 - ERX2) 1 Antenna feeder port (ANT) External Interfaces CDUG external interfaces are given in Table 38.
TABLE 38 CDUG EXTERNAL INTERFACES

Identifier ETX RTE TX1 TX2

Full Name Extended TX Radio Test Equipment Transmitter 1 Transmitter 2

Meaning Extended TX port Radio test port Combiner input 1 (PA output signal) Combiner input 2 (PA output signal)

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Identifier RX1 RX2 RX3 RX4 ERX1 ERX2 ANT

Full Name Receiver 1 Receiver 2 Receiver 3 Receiver 4 Extend Receiver 1 Extend Receiver 2 Antenna

Meaning Low noise amplifier output port 1 Low noise amplifier output port 2 Low noise amplifier output port 3 Low noise amplifier output port 4 Low noise amplifier extended output port 1 Low noise amplifier extended output port 2 Antenna feeder port

Panel Indicators

The LEDs on the panels of different CDUs are same. The five LEDs on the CDU panel are EPO, SWR1, SWR2, PWR and LNA respectively. These are described in Table 39.
TABLE 39 - CDU P ANEL LEDS

LED Position 1

Color

Name

Meaning Forward power output LED VSWR level-1 alarm LED VSWR level-2 alarm LED LNA power supply LED LNA alarm LED

Working Mode ON: Normal OFF: Abnormal ON: There is an alarm OFF: There is no alarm ON: There is an alarm OFF: There is no alarm ON: Normal OFF: Abnormal ON: There is an alarm OFF: There is no alarm

Green

FPO

2 3 4 5

Red Red Green Red

SWR1 SWR2 PWR LNA

E Combiner Distribution Unit (ECDU)


Functions ECDU provides the following functions: Providing bi-directional channel from BTS to the antenna for signals of the transmitting frequency band and from the antenna to BTS for signals of the receiving frequency band. Reporting alarms when SWR of the antenna port deteriorates. Suppressing interference and spurious emission beyond the working frequency band.

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Functional Blocks

ECDU Functional blocks are shown in Figure 39.


FIGURE 39 ECDU FUNCTIONAL BLOCKS

ECDU consists of a transceiving duplexer, VSWR detecting circuit, two LNAs (each LNA includes one 1-to-2 splitter) and a receiver filter. It can meet diversity reception requirements. ECDU Panel ECDU have three types of panels: ECDUG (GSM900/EGSM900) ECDUD (GSM1800) ECDUC (GSM850) All the ECDUs have same panel. Figure 40 shows the ECDU panel.

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FIGURE 40 - ECDU PANEL

External Interfaces

ECDUG External Interfaces are described in Table 40


TABLE 40 ECUG EXTERNAL INTERFACES

Identification Symbol RTE RX1 RX2 RXD1 RXD2 ANT ANTD

Full Name Radio Test Equipment Receiver 1 Receiver 2 Receiver for Diversity1 Receiver for Diversity2 Antenna Antenna for Diversity

Meaning Radio test port Low-noise amplifier output port 1 Low-noise amplifier output port 2 Low-noise amplifier output port 1 (diversity) Low-noise amplifier output port 2 (diversity) Antenna feeder port Antenna feeder port (diversity)

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Panel Indicators

Table 41 gives a description of LEDs on ECDU panel.


TABLE 41 - ECDU P ANEL LEDS

LED Position 1

Color

Name

Meaning Forward power output LED VSWR level-1 alarm LED VSWR level-2 alarm LED LNA power supply LED Channel 1 LNA alarm Channel 2 LNA alarm

Working Mode ON: Normal OFF: Abnormal ON: There is an alarm OFF: There is no alarm ON: There is an alarm OFF: There is no alarm ON: Normal OFF: Abnormal ON: There is an alarm OFF: There is no alarm ON: There is an alarm OFF: There is no alarm

Green

FPO

2 3 4 5 6

Red Red Green Red Red

SWR1 SWR2 PWR LNA1 LNA2

Combiner Extension Unit (CEU)


By different working bands, CEU is of different types: CEUG CEUC CEUD CEUP Function CEU provides various site configurations with the combination of CDU. The CEU consists of two 2-in-1 combiners and two 1-to-2 splitters, as shown in Figure 41.

Functional Blocks

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FIGURE 41 - CEU FUNCTIONAL BLOCKS

The CEU is combined with CDU to form a 4-in-1 combiner distribution unit. CEU type 2 (CEU/2) has the same functions as CEU. However, its width is 10 mm less than CEU and it uses different slot in the cabinet. CEU and CEU/2 Panels All the CEUs have the same panel. The CEU panel is shown in Figure 42.

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FIGURE 42 - STRUCTURE OF CEU P ANEL

CEUG
OTX1

ERX2

OTX2

TX3

TX4

The following appear on the CEU panel: 2 combiner TX output ports OTX1 and OTX2 4 combiner input ports TX1 - TX4 (PA output signal) 4 splitter output ports RX1 - RX4 2 splitter input ports ERX1 - ERX2 (LNA extended outputs) All the CEU/2 boards have the same panel. The CEUG/2 panel is shown in Figure 43.

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FIGURE 43 CEUG/2 P ANEL

CEUG/2

OTX1 ERX1 TX1 RX1

TX2 RX2

ERX2 OTX2 RX3 TX3

RX4 TX4

External Interfaces

The CEU external interfaces are described in Table 42.


TABLE 42 CEU EXTERNAL INTERFACES

Identifier OTX1 OTX2 TX1 TX2 TX3 TX4 RX1 RX2 RX3 RX4 ERX1

Meaning Output TX 1 Output TX 2 Transmitter 1 Transmitter 2 Transmitter 3 Transmitter 4 Receiver 1 Receiver 2 Receiver 3 Receiver 4 Extend Receiver 1

Description Combiner TX output port 1 Combiner TX output port 2 Combiner input 1 (PA output signal) Combiner input 2 (PA output signal) Combiner input 3 (PA output signal) Combiner input 4 (PA output signal) Splitter output port 1 Splitter output port 2 Splitter output port 3 Splitter output port 4 Splitter input port 1 (low noise amplifier extended output)

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Identifier ERX2

Meaning Extend Receiver 2

Description Splitter input port 2 (low noise amplifier extended output)

Combiner Extension Net Unit (CENU)


CENU performs the same functions as CEU, but supports different configurations. CENU is of two types: CENU (Supports configuration of S 9/9/9 ~ S 12/12/12) CENU/2 (Supports configuration of S 5/5/5 ~ S 6/6/6) CENU & CENU/2 Functional Blocks CENU functional blocks are shown in Figure 44.
FIGURE 44 CENU FUNCTIONAL BLOCKS

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CENU/2 functional blocks are shown in Figure 45.


FIGURE 45 CENU/2 FUNCTIONAL BLOCKS

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CENU, CENU/2, CENU/3 & CENU/4 Panels

All the CENs have same panels. CENUG panel is shown in Figure 46.
FIGURE 46 - CENUG P ANEL

CENUG

RX1 OTX1 RX2 ERX1 RX3

TX1

RX4

TX2

TX3

RX5

OTX2

RX6 TX4 ERX2 RX7 TX5 RX8

TX6

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All the CENU/2 boards have same panels. CENUG/2 panel is shown in Figure 47.
FIGURE 47 - CENUG/2 P ANEL

CENUG/2

ERX1

OTX1

RX1 TX1

TX2 RX2

TX3

ERX2

OTX2

RX3 TX4

RX4

TX5

TX6

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All the CENU/3 boards have same panels. CENUG/3 panel is shown in Figure 48.
FIGURE 48 CENUG/3 PANEL

CENUG/3

RX1 OTX1 RX2 ERX1 RX3

TX1

RX4

TX2

TX3

RX5

OTX2

RX6 TX4 ERX2 RX7 TX5 RX8

TX6

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All the CENU/4 boards have same panels. CENUG/4 panel is shown in Figure 49.
FIGURE 49 CENUG/4 PANEL

CENUG/4

ERX1

OTX1

RX1 TX1

TX2 RX2

TX3

ERX2

OTX2

RX3 TX4

RX4

TX5

TX6

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Chapter

Networking Modes and Configuration


Networking Modes
Star Networking Figure 50 shows star networking of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00). Each line denotes a bi-directional E1 connection. The DIP switch settings of BTS should be according to the background configurations.
FIGURE 50 STAR NETWORKING SCHEMATIC DI AGRAM

S ITE 0 B S C S ITE 1

. . .

S ITE n

In star networking, each site contains n E1 PCM links directly connected with BSC. BTS uses terminal equipment on each site to terminate E1 links. Since signal transmission is through fewer intermediate links along the path, the reliability of transmission is higher. This networking mode is deployed in densely populated areas. Chain Networking Figure 51 shows the chain networking of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00). Each line denotes a bi-directional E1 connection. The DIP switch

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settings of BTS configurations.

should

be

according

to

the

background

FIGURE 51 CHAIN NETWORKING SCHEMATIC DI AGRAM

BSC

SITE 0

SITE 1

SITE 2

Chain networking is applicable to one-site multi-BTS situation. Since signals go through more links, the line reliability is relatively poor than star networking. This networking mode is applicable to stripe-like areas with a small population, which saves a large number of transmission devices. To prevent the clock performance drop, it is recommended not to connect more than four BTSs in cascaded form in chain networking mode. Tree Networking Figure 52 shows the tree-networking mode of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00). Each line denotes a bi-directional E1 connection. The DIP switch settings of BTS should be according to the background configurations.
FIGURE 52 TREE-NETWORKING SCHEMATIC DI AGRAM

SITE 1 SITE 0 B S C SITE 2

. . .
SITE n

In this mode, signals pass through many nodes and the line reliability is relatively low, which makes it complicated. The fault from upper-level site can affect the proper running of the lowerlevel site. In tree-networking, BTS connects with BSC through central node, which further distributes itself into three nodes. The tree-networking mode is deployed in large areas with less population. In actual networking projects, due to decentralized sites, the transmission equipment is used for intermediate connection between BSC and BTS. A common transmission mode includes microwave, optical fibers, HDSL cables, and coaxial cables. Satellite links can be used for special transmission modes.

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Chapter 6 Networking Modes and Configuration

Ring Networking

Figure 53 shows the ring-networking mode of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00). Each line denotes a bi-directional E1 connection. The DIP switch settings of BTS should be according to the background configurations.
FIGURE 53 - RING-NETWORKING SCHEMATIC DIAGR AM

BSC

SITE 0

SITE 1

SITE 2

SITE 3

In this mode, all the nodes are connected in a closed loop. It can span larger distances than other types of networks. The reliability is higher; as it stays connect with BSC through the other end, if the link is broken from one place. It can be deployed in suburb and rural areas.

Configuration
Configuration Principles
Module Selection Select the different modules according to the different frequency module. These modules are given in Table 43.
TABLE 43 MODULES FOR DIFFERENT FREQUENCIES

Frequency Bands 900 MHz 1800 MHz 1900 MHz 850 MHz

DTRU DTRUG DTRUD DTRUP DTRUM

CDU CDUG CDUD CDUP CDUC

ECDU ECDUG ECDUD ECDUP ECDUC

CEU CEUG CEUD CEUP CEUC

CENU CENUG CEND CENP CENC

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Module Placement

CEU/2, CENU/3 and CENU/4 must be placed at the location marked in Figure 54.
FIGURE 54 LOCATION OF CEU/2, CENU/3 AND CENU/4

PDM

EIB CMB CMB FCM D T R U D T R U A E M A E M

A E M

D T R U

FCM A E M D T R U D T R U D T R U FCM A E M D T R U D T R U D T R U A E M A E M A E M A E M

Configuration Examples of Various Site Types


Single Carrier per Sector
Using ECDUs Configuration of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) with two ECDUs requires only one DTRU. Figure 55 shows the configuration and Figure 56 shows logical connections.

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FIGURE 55 CONFIGURATION WITH TWO ECDUS

FIGURE 56 - LOGICAL CONNECTIONS OF CONFIGURATION WITH TWO ECDUS

Using CDUs and TMA

Configuration of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) with two CDUs requires only one DTRU. Tower Mounted Amplifier (TMA) is placed between CDU and antenna to amplify the uplink power. Figure 57 shows the configuration and Figure 58 shows logical connections.

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FIGURE 57 - CONFIGURATION WITH TWO CDUS AND TMAS

FIGURE 58 AND TM AS

- LOGICAL CONNECTIONS OF CONFIGURATION WITH TWO CDUS

Two Carriers per Sector (with DPCT)


Using ECDUs (with DPCT) Four diversities configuration of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) with two ECDUs requires two DTRUs. Figure 59 shows the configuration.

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FIGURE 59 S2/2/2 SITE CONFIGURATION WITH DPCT

Two Carriers per Sector (Through Combiner)


This type of configuration requires two CDUs and a DTRU. Figure 60 shows the configuration and Figure 61 shows logical connections.

FIGURE 60 TWO CARRIERS PER SECTOR ANTENNA FEEDER CONFIGURATION (THROUGH COMBINER)

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FIGURE 61 LOGICAL CONNECTIONS OF TWO CARRIERS PER SECTOR ANTENNA FEEDER CONFIGURATION (THROUGH COMBINER)

Four Carriers per Sector


Since one DTRU can support two carriers, thus this type of configuration requires two DTRUs with two CDUs. Figure 62 shows the configuration and Figure 63 shows logical connections.

FIGURE 62 - FOUR CARRIERS PER SECTOR ANTENNA FEEDER CONFIGURATION

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FIGURE 63 - LOGICAL CONNECTIONS OF FOUR CARRIERS PER SECTOR ANTENNA FEEDER CONFIGURATION

Six Carriers per Sector


Using CEU Since one DTRU support only two carriers, thus this type of configuration requires three DTRUs, two CDUs and one CEU. Figure 64 shows the configuration and Figure 65 shows logical connections.
FIGURE 64 - SIX CARRIERS PER SECTOR ANTENNA FEEDER CONFIGURATION (USING CEU)

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FIGURE 65 LOGICAL CONNECTIONS OF SIX CARRIERS PER SECTOR ANTENNA FEEDER CONFIGURATION (USING CEU)

Using CENU/2

Since one DTRU support only two carriers, thus this type of configuration requires three DTRUs, two CDUs and one CENU/2. CENU/2 is used to balance uplink and downlink signal powers. Figure 66 shows the configuration and Figure 67 shows logical connections.
FIGURE 66 SIX CARRIERS PER SECTOR ANTENNA FEEDER CONFIGURATION (USING CENU/2)

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FIGURE 67 LOGICAL CONNECTIONS OF SIX CARRIERS PER SECTOR ANTENNA FEEDER CONFIGURATION (USING CENU/2)

Dual-Band Configuration
Using Fourport Antenna Feeder This is used for configuring dual-band, for example, GSM900 and GSM1800 bands in one cabinet. Figure 68 shows the configuration.

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FIGURE 68 DUAL BAND CONFIGURATION USING FOUR-PORT ANTENNA

The four-port antenna feeder connections are shown in Figure 69.


FIGURE 69 - FOUR-PORT ANTENNA FEEDER CONNECTIONS

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Using Twoport Antenna Feeder

This is used for configuring dual-band, for example, GSM900 and GSM1800 bands in one cabinet. Figure 70 shows the configuration.
FIGURE 70 - DUAL BAND CONFIGURATION USING TWO-PORT ANTENN A

In two-port configuration, a combiner is used to combine dual band signals. The two-port antenna feeder connections are shown in Figure 71.

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FIGURE 71 TWO-PORT ANTENNA FEEDER CONNECTIONS

S 8/8/8 Configuration Example


Three-sector fully configured S 8/8/8 configuration of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) requires four DTRUs and three AEMs for every sector. The cabinet configuration is shown in Figure 72.

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FIGURE 72 S 8/8/8 CONFIGURATION C ABINET STRUCTURE

Sector Configuration

Figure 73 shows the configuration for every sector and Figure 74 shows the logical connections.

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FIGURE 73 S 8/8/8 CONFIGURATION

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FIGURE 74 S 8/8/8 CONFIGURATION LOGICAL CONNECTIONS

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Appendix

Abbreviation
Abbreviations A Abis AEM ARFCN B BCDU BRDU BSC BSS BTM BTS C CCDU CDU CEU CHP CIP CLK CMM D DCDU DDT DPCT DTM DTRU DTX DCombiner Distribution Unit Delay Diversity Transmission Dual Power Combining Transmission Dynamic Synchronous Transfer Mode Dual Tranciever Unit Discontinuous Transmission CCombiner Distribution Unit Combiner Distribution Unit Combiner Extension Unit Channel Processor Carrier Interface Part CLocK Controller & Maintenance Module BCombiner Distribution Unit BReceiver Distribute Unit Base Station Controller Base Station Subsystem Backboard Transmission Module Base Transceiver Station Abis Antenna Equipment Module Absolute Radio Frequency Channel Number Full name

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Abbreviations E E1 EAM ECDU EGC ECU EDGE EPLD ETP ETRM F FCDU FCLK FCM FUL G GCDU GPRS GSM H HCDU HDB3 HDLC HW I ICDU IRC L LapD LapDm LM LMT LNA LO LPF LVDS

Full name

E1 External Alarm Module ECombiner Distribution Unit Equal Gain Combining Environment Control Unit Enhanced Data rates for GSM Evolution Erasable Programmable Logic Device Extend Test Port Transceiver Module for Edge

FCombiner Distribution Unit Frame Clock Fan Control Module Frame Unit LAPD

GCombiner Distribution Unit General Packet Radio Service Globe System for Mobile communication

HCombiner Distribution Unit High Degree Bipolar coding High Level Data Link Controller High Way

I Combiner Distribution Unit Interference Rejection Combining

Link Access Procedure D Channel Link Access Procedure Dm(mobile D)Channel Local Manager Local Maintenance Terminal (LMT) Low Noise Amplifier Local Oscillator Loop Filter Low Voltage Differential Signaling

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Appendix A Abbreviation

Abbreviations M MAC McBSP MMI MO MRC MS MSS MTBF N NACC O OAMM OBCLK OMC P PA PAU PCM PCU PDM PLMN PS PTCCH Q QoS R RCU RDU RF Rx S SMC SPAU STRM T

Full name

Medium Access Control Multi-channel Buffer Serial Port Man-Machine Interface Manage Object Maximum Ratio Combining Mobile Station Mobile Switching System Mean Time Between Failures

Network Assisted Cell Change

Operational And Maintenance Module Octet Binary clock Operation and Maintenance Center

Power Amplifier Power Amplifier Unit Pulse Code Modulation Packet Control Unit Power Distribution Module Public Land Mobile Network Packet Switched Packet Timing Control Channel

Quality of Service

Radio Carrier Unit Receiver Distribute Unit Radio Frequency Receiver

Short Message Center Super Power Amplifier Unit Super Transceiver Unit

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Abbreviations TA TC TCH TCI TDMA TEI TFO TPF TPU TRM TRX Tx U Um V VCO VSWR

Full name Time Advance Transcoder Traffic Channel Thin Chip Integration Time Division Multiple Access Terminal Endpoint Identifier Tandem Free Operation Tracking Phase lock Frequency synthesizer Transceiver Process Unit Transceiver Module Transceivers Transmitter

Um

Voltage Control Oscillator Voltage Standing Wave Ratio

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Appendix

Figures
Figure 1 GSM Network .....................................................2 Figure 2 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) in a GSM/GPRS Network .......3 Figure 3 - Circuit Service Protocol Hierarchy of Um Interface ....4 Figure 4 - Packet Service Protocol Stack Structure of Um Interface ...........................................................................4 Figure 5 - Circuit service Structure of Abis Interface ................6 Figure 6 - Example of Abis Interface Timeslot Configuration......7 Figure 7 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) System Structure.................8 Figure 8 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) Cabinet ............................ 25 Figure 9 - Single Cabinet with Full Configuration ................... 26 Figure 10 Clock Distribution in ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) ......... 28 Figure 11 Time Slot Switching in ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) ...... 28 Figure 12 Rack Layout .................................................... 29 Figure 13 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) Hardware Structure .......... 30 Figure 14 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) Software Structure ........... 32 Figure 15 dCMM Block Diagram........................................ 32 Figure 16 dFUC Software Block Diagram ........................... 34 Figure 17 - FIU Software Sub-system Block Diagram ............. 35 Figure 18 - ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) Signaling Flow .................. 36 Figure 19 Cabinet Structure ............................................ 39 Figure 20 - Cabinet Top Layout........................................... 40 Figure 21 - Top Shelf Full Configuration ............................... 50 Figure 22 - Modules in the Carrier Shelf ............................... 51 Figure 23 - Structure of Fan Shelf ....................................... 52 Figure 24 - Air Filter Shelf Structure.................................... 52 Figure 25 - Cabinet-Top DIP Switches.................................. 54

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Figure 26 CMB Functional Diagram ................................... 57 Figure 27 CMB Panel ...................................................... 57 Figure 28 - Local Operation and Maintenance of ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00)........................................................................... 60 Figure 29 - Board Layout Showing DIP Switches ................... 60 Figure 30 EIB Functional Diagram .................................... 61 Figure 31 - EIB Panel ........................................................ 62 Figure 32 - Board Layout Showing DIP Switches ................... 62 Figure 33 - PDM Functional diagram .................................... 63 Figure 34 - PDM Panel....................................................... 64 Figure 35 DTRU Panel..................................................... 66 Figure 36 - AEM Location in the System............................... 67 Figure 37 - Functional Blocks of the CDU ............................. 71 Figure 38 - CDUG Panel Structure....................................... 72 Figure 39 ECDU Functional Blocks .................................... 74 Figure 40 - ECDU panel ..................................................... 75 Figure 41 - CEU Functional Blocks....................................... 77 Figure 42 - Structure of CEU Panel...................................... 78 Figure 43 CEUG/2 Panel.................................................. 79 Figure 44 CEN Functional Blocks ...................................... 80 Figure 45 CEN/2 Functional Blocks ................................... 81 Figure 46 - CENG Panel ..................................................... 82 Figure 47 - CEN/2 Panel .................................................... 83 Figure 48 Star Networking Schematic Diagram................... 87 Figure 49 Chain Networking Schematic Diagram................. 88 Figure 50 Tree-Networking Schematic Diagram .................. 88 Figure 51 - Ring-Networking Schematic Diagram .................. 89 Figure 52 Location of CEU/2, CEN/3 and CEN/4.................. 90 Figure 53 Configuration with Two ECDUs........................... 91 Figure 54 - Logical Connections of Configuration with Two ECDUs ..................................................................................... 91 Figure 55 - Configuration with Two CDUs and TMAs............... 92 Figure 56 - Logical Connections of Configuration with two CDUs and TMAs ........................................................................ 92 Figure 57 S2/2/2 Site Configuration with DPCT .................. 93 Figure 58 Two Carriers per Sector Antenna Feeder Configuration (Through Combiner) ...................................... 93

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Appendix B Figures

Figure 59 Logical Connections of Two Carriers per Sector Antenna Feeder Configuration (Through Combiner) ............... 94 Figure 60 - Four Carriers per Sector Antenna Feeder Configuration ................................................................... 94 Figure 61 - Logical Connections of Four Carriers per Sector Antenna Feeder Configuration ............................................ 95 Figure 62 - Six Carriers per Sector Antenna Feeder Configuration (Using CEU)..................................................................... 95 Figure 63 Logical Connections of Six Carriers per Sector Antenna Feeder Configuration (Using CEU)........................... 96 Figure 64 Six Carriers per Sector Antenna Feeder Configuration (Using CEN/2) .............................................. 96 Figure 65 Logical Connections of Six Carriers per Sector Antenna Feeder Configuration (Using CEN/2)........................ 97 Figure 66 Dual Band Configuration Using Four-Port Antenna 98 Figure 67 - Four-port Antenna Feeder Connections ................ 98 Figure 68 - Dual Band Configuration Using Two-Port Antenna . 99 Figure 69 Two-port Antenna Feeder Connections .............. 100 Figure 70 S 8/8/8 Configuration Cabinet Structure............ 101 Figure 71 S 8/8/8 Configuration..................................... 102 Figure 72 S 8/8/8 Configuration Logical Connections......... 103

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Tables

Table 1 - Chapter Summary ................................................. x Table 2 - Typographical Conventions .................................... xi Table 3 - Mouse Operation Conventions ................................ xi Table 4 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) Working Frequency Bands .... 15 Table 5 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) Channel Configuration ......... 16 Table 6 - Duplex Transceiver Interval .................................. 16 Table 7 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) Physical Characteristics ........ 17 Table 8 - ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) Voltage and Power Consumption ..................................................................................... 17 Table 9 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) Heat Dissipation.................. 18 Table 10 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) Environmental Characteristics ..................................................................................... 18 Table 11 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) Clock Specifications ........... 19 Table 12 ZXG10 B8018 (V1.00) Reliability Specifications ..... 19 Table 13 - Abis Interface Basic Requirements ....................... 20 Table 14 - Abis Interface Electrical Features ......................... 21 Table 15 - Function Descriptions of Hardware Parts ............... 31 Table 16 - Interfaces on the Cabinet Top ............................. 41 Table 17 - Primary Power Interface Signal Description ........... 41 Table 18 - Signal Description of PWRTA_1............................ 42 Table 19 - Signal Description of PWRTA_2............................ 43 Table 20 - Signal Description of PWRTA_3............................ 43 Table 21 - Signal Description of the Main Contact Point Signal Interface ......................................................................... 45 Table 22 - Site ID Interface Signal Description...................... 47 Table 23 - E1 Interface Signal Description............................ 47 Table 24 - Inter-Cabinet Synchronization Signal Interface Signal Description ...................................................................... 49 Table 25 - Signal Description of the MMI Interface ................ 50 Table 26 CMB Panel LEDs................................................ 57

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Table 27 Buttons and Switch on CMB Panel ....................... 59 Table 28 S7 DIP Switches ............................................... 60 Table 29 S10 DIP Switches ............................................. 61 Table 30 - DIP Switches Meanings ...................................... 62 Table 31 - DIP Switches Working Modes .............................. 62 Table 32 - Types of DTRUS ................................................ 64 Table 33 DTRU Panel LEDs .............................................. 66 Table 34 - DTRU External Interfaces ................................... 66 Table 35 - Types of AEMs (According to CDU Type) ............... 68 Table 36 - Types of AEMs (According to Working Band).......... 68 Table 37 - Comparison Between Different CEUs and CENs ...... 69 Table 38 CDUG External Interfaces................................... 72 Table 39 - CDU Panel LEDs ................................................ 73 Table 40 ECUG External Interfaces ................................... 75 Table 41 - ECDU Panel LEDs .............................................. 76 Table 42 CEU External Interfaces ..................................... 79 Table 43 Modules for Different Frequencies........................ 89

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Index
100 Mbps Ethernet interface . 29 13 M test interface .............. 45 8PSK ................................. 25 Abis interface .......................5 Balanced input mode .........5 Layer-1 ............................6 Layer-2 ............................6 Layer-3 ............................6 Relevant protocols .............6 Unbalanced input mode ......5 Abis interface processing........8 Abis interface specification ... 22 Abis interface timeslot ...........6 Abis interface types ............. 29 Advanced flow control.......... 13 AI Power Control ................. 15 Air pollution ....................... 21 AM suppression................... 25 Antenna feeder interface ...... 43 AoIP.................................. 15 ARFCN............................... 18 Atmospheric pressure .......... 21 Automatic crossover ............ 14 Availability Ratio (A)............ 22 Average Interruption time per year .............................. 22 Base height ........................ 19 BBCM ................................ 54 BER .................................. 25 Bit rate (approximate) ......... 22 Bit rate tolerance ................ 22 C/I ratio ............................ 23 Cabinet.............................. 26 Capacity ............................ 21 Capacity expansion ............. 13 Carrier power ..................... 24 CCComm ........................... 61 Channel coding/decoding ..... 35 Channel configuration .......... 18 1800 MHz....................... 18 1900 MHz....................... 18 850 MHz ........................ 18 900 MHz ........................ 18 Extended 900 MHz........... 18 Channel decoding.......... 24, 25 Channel encoding................ 25 Channel interval.................. 18 Circuit-type data service ...... 11 Circuit-type voice services .... 11 Clock ................................ 21 Clock accuracy................ 21 Initial maximum frequency bias ........................... 22 Maximum frequency bias.. 21 Pull-in range................... 21 Clock distribution ................ 28 Clock synchronization .......... 28 CMB.................................. 61 CMComm........................... 61 CMM ................................. 61 Color................................. 19 Configuration Dual-Band Configuration .. 93 Four Carriers per sector ... 90 S 8/8/8 Configuration Example..................... 96 Single carrier per sector ... 86 Six Carriers per sector ..... 91 Two Carriers per sector (Through Combiner) .... 89 Two Carriers per sector (with DPCT) ........................ 88 De-interleaving................... 25 Delay Diversity Transmission (DDT)............................ 15 Dimensions ........................ 19 DIP switch ....................85, 86 Diversities ......................... 12 Downlink ............................. 8 D-socket.............................. 5 Dual Power Combining Transmission (DPCT) ....... 14 Duplex transceiver interval... 18 1800 MHz ...................... 18 1900 MHz ...................... 18 850 MHz ........................ 18 900 MHz ........................ 18 Extended 900 MHz .......... 18 E1 60 E1 connection .................... 84 E1 interface ....................... 48 E1/T1 interface... 13, 29, 31, 33 E1/T1 Interface Board (EIB) . 31 EAM.................................... 8 Electromagnetic security (EMC) .................................... 22 Environmental characteristics 21 Equal Gain Combining (ECG) 15

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Equalizer decryption ........... 25 ETP .................................. 61 Exploded View ................... 40 External environment monitoring interface ........ 45 External interfaces.5, 4, 61, 69, 74, 77, 80 Fan Control Module ..... See FCM Fast Ethernet Interface Board (FIB)............................. 31 FCLK test interface ............. 45 FCM.................................100 Frequency bands ................ 17 1800 MHz ...................... 17 1900 MHz ...................... 17 850 MHz........................ 17 900 MHz........................ 17 Extended 900 MHz .......... 17 Frequency error ................. 24 Frequency hopping ............. 13 FUL .................................... 8 GMSK ............................... 25 Grounding interface (PE) ..... 45 Grounding resistance .......... 20 GSM 08.52 .......................... 6 GSM 08.54 .......................... 6 GSM 08.56 .......................... 6 GSM 08.58 .......................... 6 GSM 12.21 .......................... 6 GSM Network....................... 2 GSM standards................... 12 Handovers types ................ 14 Hardware structure............. 31 Heat dissipation ................. 20 Hierarchical model ................ 4 High receiving sensitivity ..... 19 Humidity ........................... 21 HYCOM1............................ 43 HYCOM2............................ 43 HYCOM3............................ 43 HYCOM4............................ 43 HYCOM5............................ 43 HYCOM6............................ 43 Inner illumination ............... 21 Interference ...................... 25 Interference protection ratio 23 Interference Rejection Combining (IRC)............. 15 Inter-modulation suppression25 Inter-rack synchronization ... 50 ITU-T G.703 ...................... 22 ITU-T G.704 ...................... 22 LNA .................................100 Local O&M interface ............ 51 LVDS ...............................100 Material used ..................... 19 Maximum Ratio Combining (MRC) ........................... 15 Modulation ........................ 25 MTBF ................................ 22

MTTR ................................ 22 Multiplexing........................ 25 Networking modes .............. 13 Chain networking ............ 84 Ring networking .............. 86 Star networking .............. 84 Tree networking .............. 85 One-site multi-BTS .............. 85 Output power ..................... 19 PAU................................. 101 PDM ................................ 101 Phase error ........................ 24 Physical characteristics ........ 19 PLMN...................................4 Power Amplifier................. 101 Power consumption ............. 20 Power Distribution Module .. See PDM Protocol hierarchy .................4 Protocol stack .......................4 Rayleigh fading ................... 13 RCU ................................ 101 RDU ................................ 101 Receiver ...................... 24, 25 Receiver performance .......... 24 Receiving sensitivity ............ 19 Reliability........................... 22 RF 101 RST................................... 61 Sensitivity level .................. 25 Signal code pattern ............. 22 Site ID interface.................. 47 Software sub-system dCHP ....................... 34, 35 dCMM ............................ 34 dFUC ....................... 34, 36 FIU.......................... 34, 37 Software sub-systems.......... 34 Spurious emission ............... 25 Supports functions .............. 11 System Background...............1 System capacity.................. 11 System structure ..................9 System throughput.............. 12 TCH ....................................8 TCH services ...................... 12 Temperature ...................... 21 Time slot switching.............. 30 Tower mounted amplifier interface ........................ 43 TPU................................. 101 Transmitter performance...... 24 TRM ................................ 101 Um interface ........................4 Layer-1 ............................5 Layer-2 ............................5 Layer-3 ............................5 Um interface specification..... 23 Uplink .................................8 Voltage consumption ........... 20

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Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION

Appendix B Index

Weight .............................. 19 Weight bearing capacity ....... 19 Wireless channel ................. 23

Wireless RF modulation ....... 24 Working principle ................ 38

Confidential and Proprietary Information of ZTE CORPORATION

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