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STABILITY REFERENCE MANUAL


TABLE OF CONTENTS
SECTION

PAGES

Selected Stability Curves


Blue Pages
Deadweight Scale ___________________________ Sheet 1
Hydrostatic Curves __________________________ Sheet 2
Cross-Curves _______________________________ Sheet 3
* Static Stability Curves _______________________ Sheet 4
* Floodable Length Curve _____________________ Sheet 5
Trim and Stability Book S.S. AMERICAN MARINERS White Pages
Table of Principle Characteristics _______________ Sheet 1
Trim Correction Table ________________________ Sheet 2
Hydrostatic Properties ________________________ Sheet 3
Free Surface Correction and Tank Capacity _______ Sheet 4
Gain in GM Table____________________________ Sheet 5
Required GM Curve __________________________ Sheet 6
* Loading Table _____________________________ Sheet 7
* Loading Summary __________________________ Sheet 7A
Double Bottom Tankage ______________________ Sheet 8
Loading, Trim, and Stability Book S.S. NORTHLAND Salmon Pages
Table of Contents ___________________________ Sheet 1
Notes to Master _____________________________ Sheet 1
Instructions Trim and Stability_________________ Sheet 2
Instructions Hog and Sag ____________________ Sheet 3
Tank Capacity and CG________________________ Sheet 4
Vertical Moments of Free Surface _______________ Sheet 5
Trim Correction Table ________________________ Sheet 6
Curves of Form _____________________________ Sheet 7
* Loading Summary __________________________ Sheet 81A
* Detail of Deadweight ________________________ Sheet 81B-C-D
* Longitudinal Bending Stresses ________________ Sheet 81E
Guidance Manual for Loading M.V. GRAND HAVEN
White Pages
Cargo Stowage Factors _______________________ Sheet 7A
Trim Diagram _______________________________ Sheet 16
Loading Curves Iron Ore_____________________ Sheet 20
Ballast Curves - Grain ________________________ Sheet 25
* Working copies of these pages are available to the candidate.

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BLUE-SHEET 1

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SOLUTION

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HYDROSTATIC CURVES
SCALE OF TONS (2240 LBS.)

NG. M

12000

13000

T.

10

N
TO

10

ON

15000

SCALE FOR COEFFICIENTS


17000
0.6
0.7

16000

CH

GE
AN

IN D

IS

FO
PL .

R1

TR
FT.

YS
IM B

N
T ER

TR
IN
CH

0T

TA
TO
T

I SP
LD

LA

P
DIS
AL
T
O

T
EN
EM

LA

ME
CE

RE
-F

NT

TO

TAL
-S

NS

TO

NS

10

11

12

13

14

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

AL
OT

23

WE

24

E
TT

DS

25

AC
RF

26

CH
IN

00
=1

Q
0S

.
FT

OEF.

SH

CK C

FT

BLO

)(

S
ON

FRO M

1 00

10

0.8

IM

T
EN
M

00

T
FT

14000

NC Y

ER

Y
C

11000

OYA

NT
HT

EN

IN

10000

U
T. B

CE
ETA
H

G
EI

R
TE

YA
UO

-1

.=

1F

9000

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

E CO E
F.

8000

LA N

7000

WAT
E RP

6000

CE N

32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8

5000

C OE F
.

4000

PRIS
.

3000

HT. L O

MEAN DRAFT TO BOTTOM OF KEEL - FEET

2000

38

SCALE OF INCHES

Length between perpendiculars - 436.6 feet


SCALE FOR LONGITUDINAL CENTERS - FEET
OR SCALE FOR CHANGE IN DISPLACEMENT - TONS

BLUE SHEET 2

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39

40

b = 0.66
p = 0.75

HYDROSTATIC CURVES

SCALE OF TONS (2240 LBS.)


11000

12000

13000

T.

T
M

00

SCALE FOR COEFFICIENTS


17000
0.6
0.7

16000

CH

GE
AN

IN D

IS P

OR
L. F

. TR
1 FT

Y
IM B

RN
STE

TR
NS

E
S
FR
ON
-T
TN
T
AL
ME
-S
CE
LA
NT
P
E
IS
M
CE
LD
TA
LA
P
O
T
IS
LD
TA
TO

W
S

L
TA
TO

10

11

12

13

14

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23

WE

24

E
TT

DS

25

E
AC
RF

26

27

H
I NC

0
=1

S
00

.
FT
E F.

TO

SH

K CO

FT

BL O
C

W
F

28

29

30

31

32

33

34

35

36

37

NE C
OEF.

S
ON

ROM )(

0T

IN
C

1 00

CY F

10

0.8

TE

ON
0T
0
10

=1

N
TO

15000

O YAN

C EN

KB

EN
M

FT

14000

PL A

IN

10000

U
T. B

ETA
G
EI

BU

-1

.=

1F

9000

F.

NG . M
H

HT

EN
C

R
TE

Y
NC
A
Y
O

8000

7000

. CO E

6000

CE N

32
31
30
29
28
27
26
25
24
23
22
21
20
19
18
17
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
8

5000

4000

IM

3000

H T. LO

MEAN DRAFT TO BOTTOM OF KEEL - FEET

2000

WAT
ER

KB = 12.8
MT 1 = 11,000 Ft. T
KM = 25.5

PRIS

Mean Draft = 2400


SW Displ. = 12,500 LT
TPI = 49.2

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38

SCALE OF INCHES

Length between perpendiculars - 436.6 feet


SCALE FOR LONGITUDINAL CENTERS - FEET
OR SCALE FOR CHANGE IN DISPLACEMENT - TONS

LCF from Midships = +2.4 Forward


LCB from Midships = +5.1 Forward

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40

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SHEET 2
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HYDROSTATIC PROPERTIES
C4-S-1a
MEAN
DRAFT
BOTTOM
OF KEEL

TOTAL
DISP.
S.W. TONS

30

TRANSVERSE
TONS
KM-MLD.
PER INCH
FEET
IMMERSION

70
1900

31.3

29
20000

31.2

L.C.B.
AFT F.P.
FEET

1950

31.4
21000

MOMENT
TO TRIM 1
FT. TONS

69

L.C.F.
AFT F.P.
FEET

MEAN
DRAFT
BOTTOM
OF KEEL

282

30

269
281

1850

280

28

28
19000

27

26

1800
31.1

268

279
27

68
1750

278

1700

277

18000

26
67
31.05

25

29

267

17000

276

1650
31.1

24

66

16000

266

65
15000
22

275

24

274

23

273

22

272

21

1600
31.2

23

25

31.3

1550

31.4
31.5

21

14000

31.6

64
1500

31.8

265

20

271

13000

20

63

19

1450

32.5

270

19

12000
18

33.0

18

62
264

17

11000

33.5

269

1400

17

34.0

268
61

16
10000

16

34.5
35.0

15

267
1350

35.5
9000

36.0

60

263

14

266

15

14

37.0
13

8000

38.0

59

13

1300
265

12
SHEET 3

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REQUIRED GM CURVE
C4-S-1a
30

28

26

24

22

20

18

16

GM-FEET

SHEET 6
SHEET
6

THE REQUIRED GM VALUES GIVEN IN THIS DIAGRAM MUST BE MAINTAINED


IN ORDER TO ENABLE THIS SHIP UNDER AVERAGE OPERATING CONDITIONS, TO
SUSTAIN DAMAGE IN ANY ONE COMPARTMENT WITHOUT REACHING A CONDITION
OF NEGATIVE STABILITY AFTER DAMAGE, AND WITHOUT HEELING WHICH MIGHT
RESULT IN FLOODING AN UNDAMAGED COMPARTMENT.

SHEET 6

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APPROVED
Subject to comments in
Commander, 3rd Coast Guard District (mmf)
letter of

JAN 25, 1982


Chief, Merchant Marine Technical Boards
BY DIRECTION OF THE COMMANDER
THIRD COAST GUARD DISTRICT

S/S NORTHLAND
LOADING, TRIM & STABILITY BOOKLET
DEDICATED CLEAN BALLAST TANK CONFIGURATION
IN ACCORDANCE WITH IMCO REGULATION 13A OF 1978 PROTOCOL TO MARPOL 1973

PRODUCTS LOADING CONDITIONS

CRUDE OIL LOADING CONDITIONS

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

DESCRIPTION

SHEETS

NOTES TO MASTER AND PRINCIPAL PARTICULARS ............................................................................................................................

INSTRUCTIONS FOR COMPLETION OF TRIM AND STABILITY LOADING CONDITION FORMS ........................................................

INSTRUCTIONS FOR COMPLETION OF FORMS TO DETERMINE HOGGING AND SAGGING NUMERALS ........................................

TANKCAPACITIES AND CENTERS OF GRAVITY.....................................................................................................................................

VERTICAL MOMENTS OF FREE SURFACE FOR LIQUIDS - FT. TONS ..................................................................................................

CHANGE IN DRAFTS IN INCHES FOR EACH 100 TONS ADDED ............................................................................................................

CURVES OF FORM.......................................................................................................................................................................................

BLANK FORMS - SUMMARY, SHIP'S DEADWEIGHT, CARGO DETAILS, BALLAST DETAILS, STRENGTH......................................

81A-81E

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NOTES TO MASTER AND PRINCIPAL PARTICULARS

1.

The following cargo tanks are piped for either crude oil or clean sea water ballast (after crude oil washing):
Cargo Tank No. 6 P, S, & CL
Cargo Tank No. 7 P&S
Cargo Tank No. 8 CL
Cargo Tank No. 9 CL

2.

The above-noted tanks are NOT to be used for either products cargo or sea water ballast when carrying products.

3.

A light ship plus clean sea water ballast condition Is included herein to demonstrate compliance with the requirements of
Regulation 13A of the International Conference on Tanker, Safety and Pollution Prevention, 1978.

4.

The Products Loading Conditions herein are predicated on a maximum draft at bow or stern of 38.50' for transit of the Panama Canal.

5.

Principal Particulars:
Length Overall ...........................................................................................................................................................
Length Between Perpendiculars.............................................................................................................................
Breadth Moulded........................................................................................................................................................
Depth Moulded ...........................................................................................................................................................
Full Load Draft Summer Freeboard........................................................................................................................
Full Loaded Displacement........................................................................................................................................
Deadweight .................................................................................................................................................................

736' 3-3/4"
705' 0"
102' 0"
50' 0"
39' 9-3/4"
62,160
49,339

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INSTRUCTIONS FOR COMPLETION OF TRIM AND STABILITY LOADING CONDITION FORMS

1. Blank forms for calculation of trim and stability for conditions not covered by this booklet are:
Sheet 81A Summary Sheet
81B Details of Ship's Deadweight
81C Details of Cargo Loading
81D Details of Sea Water Ballast
2. Enter weights and free surface on Sheets 81B, 81C and 81D as applicable. Compute moments and totals and enter on Summary
Form, Sheet 81A, and compute summary totals. Take care to enter longitudinal moments as + for Aft, for Forward.
3. For the displacement, Sheet 81A, read mean draft from Sheet 7, Curves of Form. At this draft, read Curves of Form data for KM, LCB, MT 1" and
LCF. Enter these data on Sheet 81A.
4. Transverse Stability
Subtract the total VCG (=KG) from KM to obtain the GM uncorrected for free surface. Divide the total free surface by the displacement to
obtain the free surface correction and subtract this value from the uncorrected GM. The final result is the GM corrected for free surface,
which must be at least 1.2 FT (to suit max req'd weather criteria GM at IMCO Ballast Draft per superseded Stability Booklet).
5. Trim
Subtract the total LCG from the LCB to obtain the trimming lever. Trim is by stern if LCG is aft of LCB and by bow otherwise. Compute trim by
multiplying displacement by trimming lever and dividing by product (MT1 x 12). For drafts of 32 FT or greater and/or small trim, the effect
of LCF on trim is small and forward and aft drafts can be computes by adding or subtracting (to suit trim by bow or stern) half the trim from
the mean draft. For large trim at drafts less than 32 feet compute draft at bow = mean draft - trim X (352.5 LCF) / 705. The draft & LCF values
are treated algebraically; i.e., the minus signs in the expression change to plus for trim by bow and/or LCF aft of amidships. Draft at stern is
draft at bow trim.

SHEET 2
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INSTRUCTIONS FOR COMPLETION OF FORMS TO DETERMINE HOGGING AND SAGGING NUMERALS

1. Sheet 81E is the form for computing longitudinal bending stress numerals. The resulting numeral should not exceed 100.
2. The weights entered on Sheets 81B, 81C and 81D, divided by 100 and as applicable, are entered in the Tons/100 column of

Sheet 81E for departure and arrival conditions. Multiply the Tons/100 by the Hogging and Sagging Factors for all weights
entered in lines 127 and enter totals on line 28, Total Deadweight.
3. Line 29 gives the light ship value for Tons/100 and the associated hogging and sagging numerals. The light ship value

includes weights for spare tailshaft and stowage as given on Sheet 81B ([12821 + 29] / 100 = 128.50). Add lines 28 and 29 to
obtain line 30 displacement and hogging and sagging numerals for departure and arrival conditions.
4. Enter the Tons/100 deadweight from line 28 in line 31 Numeral columns for both hogging and sagging, and subtract from

line 30. The resulting values in line 32 must not exceed 100.

SHEET 3
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TANK CAPACITIES AND CENTERS OF GRAVITY


CARGO
TANKS

FRS

NO. 1 CL
NO. 1 P/S
NO. 2 CL
NO. 2 P/S
NO. 3 CL
NO. 3 P/S
NO. 4 CL
NO. 4 P/S
NO. 5 CL
NO. 5 P/S
NO. 6 CL
NO. 6 P/S
NO. 7 CL
NO. 7 P/S
NO. 8 CL
NO. 8 P/S
NO. 9 CL
NO. 9 P/S
NO.10 CL
NO.10 P/S
NO.11 CL
NO.11 P/S

102-107
102-107
97-102
97-102
93-97
93-97
89-93
89-93
85-89
85-89
81-85
81-85
77-81
77-81
73-77
73-77
69-73
69-73
65-69
65-69
61-65
61-65

BBLS
VCG ABV. LCG
98% FULL MLD BL FROM )O( .
15,878
15,460
15,878
18,944
15,878
20,094
15,878
20,254
15,866
20,254
15,855
20,254
15,867
20,254
15,867
20,254
15,850
20,066
15,857
19,364
15,850
17,244
386,956

26.13
27.53
26.13
26.33
26.13
25.93
26.13
25.93
26.13
25.93
26.13
25.93
26.13
25.93
26.13
25.93
26.13
25.95
26.13
26.23
26.13
26.93
26.2

227.5 F
226.4 F
187.5 F
187.1 F
147.5 F
147.5 F
107.5 F
107.5 F
67.5 F
67.5 F
27.5 F
27.5 F
12.5 A
I2.5 A
52.5 A
52.5 A
92.5 A
92.5 A
132.5 A
132.3 A
172.5 A
171.9 A
26.4 F

FUEL OIL TANKS


SETTLER
SETTLER
DEEP TANK
DEEP TANK
DEEP TANK
DEEP TANK

(P)
(S)
(P)
(S)
(P)
(S)

FRS
58-60
58-60
58-60
58-60
108-120
108-120

FRESH WATER
TANKS

FRS

POTABLE
POTABLE
POTABLE
DISTILLED

13-17
13-17
88-90
39-45

(P)
(S)
(CL)
(P)

BALLAST TANKS
FORE PEAK
AFT PEAK
DEEP TANK (P)
DEEP TANK (S)
COFFERDAMS
FWD
(P)
FWD
(S)
AFT
(P)
AFT
(S)

F.O.TONS
CAPACITY 37.23 CU.FT./LT
CUBIC FT
98% FULL
8,549
8,441
17,436
17,436
52,426
57,457
161,655
CAPACITY
CUBIC FT

222.5
222.5
459.0
459.0
1,354.0
1,513.0
4,230.0
TONS
100% FULL

VCG ABV.
MLD BL
37.83
37.83
29.83
29.83
29.53
28.13
29.7

LCG
FROM)O(
.
206.3 A
205.3 A
203.8 A
203.8 A
267.6 A
265.1 F
115.6 F

VCG ABV.
LCG
MLD BL
FROM )O(
.
48.53
322.4 A
48.53
321.5 A
57.43
90.0 F
42.73
258.5 A

1,569.5
1,118.9
1,089.0
2,160.0
5,937.4

43.60
31.08
30.25
60.00
164.93

Stem-130
Stern-170
120-130
120-130

26,198
13,801
30,623
30,521

748.5
394.3
874.9
870.0

22.03
36.53
29.13
29.13

323.0 F
333.8 F
295.1 F
295.1 F

107-108
107-108
60-61
60-61

4,703
7,134
4,190
4,190

134.4
203.8
119.7
119.7

27.93
27.93
31.13
31.13

249.0 F
249.0 F
194.0 A
194.0 A

NOTES: VCGs of slack cargo & deep tanks are obtained by multiplying the VCGs shown by % fullness of tank.
SHEET 4..
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VERTICAL MOMENTS OF FREE SURFACE OF LIQUIDS - FT TONS

I(FT4)

NO.
1
1
2
2
3
3
4
4
5
5
6
6
7
7
8
8
9
9
10
10
11
11

CL
(P) or (S)
CL
(P) or (S)
CL
(P) or (S)
CL
(P) or (S)
CL
(P) or (S)
CL
(P) or (S)
CL
(P) or (S)
CL
(P) or (S)
CL
(P) or (S)
CL
(P) or (S)
CL
(P) or (S)

283,940
52,000
283,940
77,000
283,940
81,100
283,940
81,290
283,940
81,290
283,940
81,290
283,940
81,290
283,940
81,290
283,940
81,290
283,940
81,100
283,940
77,930

CARGO TANKS
61 API
40 API
(48.93)
(43.58)
(CF/T) I/
(CF/T) I/
5,804
1,060
5,804
1,588
5,804
1,658
5,804
1,662
5,804
1,662
5,804
1,662
5,804
1,662
5,804
1,662
5,804
1,662
5,804
1,658
5,804
1,593

6,515
1,190
6,517
1,783
6,517
1,862
6,517
1,866
6,517
1,866
6,517
1,866
6,517
1,866
6,517
1,866
6,517
1,866
6,517
1,862
6,517
1,789

FUEL, FRESH WATER, BALLAST & WASH WATER


30 API
(41.04)
(CF/T) I/
6,920
1,264
6,920
1,893
6,920
1,977
6,920
1,982
6,920
1,982
6,920
1,982
6,920
1,982
6,920
1,982
6,920
1,982
6,920
1,977
6,920
1,900

14 API
(36.97)
(CF/T) I/
7,682
1,403
7,682
2,102
7,682
2,195
7,682
2,200
7,682
2,200
7,682
2,200
7,682
2,200
7,682
2,200
7,682
2,200
7,682
2,195
7,682
2,109

S.W. .
(35.00)
(CF/T) I/
8,114
1,482
8,114
2,220
8,114
2,318
8,114
2,323
8,114
2,323
8,114
2,323
8,114
2,323
8,114
2,323
8,114
2,323
8,114
2,318
8,114
2,227

I(FT4)

FUEL OIL
SETTLER
AFT BUNKER
FWD BUNKER
FWD BUNKER

(P)or(S)
(P)or(S)
(P)
(S)

FR. 5860
FR. " "
FR. 108120
FR. " "

11,450
30,500
160,051
160,051

308
819
4,299
4,299

FR. 1317
FR. " "
FR. 3745
FR.8890

15,768
10,728
9,324
2,160

438
298
259
60

Stem FR.30
FR. 17Stern
(P)or(S) FR. 120130

109,060
160,335
55,510

3,116
4,581
1,586

FRESH WATER
STEERING RM (P)
STEERING RM (S)
DISTILLED
(P)
UNDER BRIDGE

S.W. BALLAST
FORE PEAK
AFT PEAK
BALLAST

1. To obtain the free surface correction to GM in any condition of loading, add the I/ values of all slack tanks and divide by the

displacement of the vessel.


4
2. Values of I/ for different API cargo may be obtained by either dividing tabular values of I(FT ) by corresponding density of
cargo in tank, or by interpolation.
SHEET 5.
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FWD

2.0

1.7

1.4

1.1 0.9 0.7

0.3

0.0

+0.3

+0.6

+1.0

+1.3

+1.6

+1.9

+2.2

+2.6

+2.9 +3.1

+3.3

FWD

AFT

+3.4

+3.1

+2.8

+2.8 +2.3 +2.1

+1.8

+1.4

+1.1

+0.8

+0.5

+0.2

0.2

0.5

0.8

1.1

1.4 1.7

1.9

AFT

27 00 DRAFT
FWD

2.4

2.1

1.7

1.4 1.2 0.6

0.3

+0.2

+0.5

+0.9

+1.3

+1.6

+2.0

+2.4

+2.7

+3.1

+2.9 +3.3

+3.6

FWD

AFT

+4.0

+3.7

+3.4

+3.0 +2.8 +2.5

+2.1

+1.7

+1.3

+1.0

+0.6

+0.2

0.2

0.6

1.0

1.3

1.7 2.0

2.3

AFT

CHANGE IN DRAFTS IN INCHES FOR EACH 100 TONS ADDED


EXAMPLE :

Add 500 Tons in No. 11 Tank

Original Drafts
Correction
New Drafts

FWD 34 6
5( 0.7) = 3
FWD 34 2

AFT
33 6
5(+ 2.1) =
+10
AFT
34 4

NOTE
1. For discharging, reverse + and
signs in the table
2. Corrections for intermediate drafts
may be interpreted from the table.

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SHEET 7
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CONDITION:
LOADING SUMMARY

LEGEND
CARGO
BALLAST WATER
FRESH WATER
FUEL OIL

11 10

DESCRIPTION

L. TONS

VCG
ABOVE BL
(FT)

VERTICAL
MOMENT
(FT TONS)

LCG
FROM O
)( FT
(+ = AFT)

LONGITUDINAL
MOMENT
(FT TONS)

FREE
SURFACE
(FT TONS)

12,821

32.23

413,221

23.06 A

295,652

LIGHT SHIP
SHIPS DEADWEIGHT SHEET 81B
CARGO

SHEET 81C

CLEAN S.W. BALLAST SHEET 81D

TOTALS
STABILITY
MEAN DRAFT AT LCF
KM
KG
GM (uncorr)
F.S. correction
GM AVAILABLE

TRIM
FT =
FT =
FT =
FT =
FT =
FT =

LCF
LCB
LCG
TRIM LVR
MT 1
TRIM
DRAFT FP =
DRAFT AP =

=
=
=
=
FT TONS =
=
=
=
SHEET 81A

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DETAILS OF SHIPS DEADWEIGHT CONDITION _______________


L. TONS

VCG
ABOVE BL
(FT)

VERTICAL
MOMENT
(FT TONS)

LCG
FROM )O( FT
(+ = AFT)

LONGITUDINAL
MOMENT
(FT TONS)

FREE
SURFACE
(FT TONS)

CREW & EFFECTS DECK HOUSE

68.23

205

90.0 F

270

CREW & EFFECTS AFT HOUSE

56.23

394

256.0 A

1,792

SPARE TAIL SHAFT & STOWAGE

29

8.23

239

298.5 A

8,656

(39)

21.5

(838)

261.0 A

(10,178)

DESCRIPTION

TOTAL CONSTANTS
STORES FORWARD

54.23

307.0 F

DECK HOUSE

54.23

90.0 F

AFT HOUSE

54.23

276.3 A

57.43

90.0 F

DISTILLED

42.73

258.5 A

STEERG GR RM (P)

48.53

322.4 A

STEERG GR RM (S)

48.53

321.5 A

AFT BUNKER

(P)

29.83

203.8 A

AFT BUNKER

(S)

29.83

203.8 A

SETTLER

(P)

37.83

205.3 A

SETTLER

(S)

37.83

205.3 A

FWD BUNKER

(P)

29.53

267.6 F

FWD BUNKER

(S)

28.13

265.1 F

FRESH WATER UNDER BRIDGE

FUEL OIL

TOTALS

SHEET 81B
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CARGO __________________________ @ _______ API (0._______SP. GR.)

Contents

DESCRIPTION

L. TONS

VCG
ABOVE BL
(FT)

PREVIOUS
VERTICAL
MOMENT
(FT TONS)

NEXT

Close
LCG
FROM )O( FT
(+ = AFT)

NO. 1 CL

26.13

227.5 F

NO. 1 P/S

27.53

226.4 F

NO. 2 CL

26.13

187.5 F

NO. 2 P/S

26.33

187.1 F

NO. 3 CL

26.13

147.5 F

NO. 3 P/S

25.93

147.5 F

NO. 4 CL

26.13

107.5 F

NO. 4 P/S

25.93

107.5 F

NO. 5 CL

26.13

67.5 F

NO. 5 P/S

25.93

67.5 F

NO. 6 CL

26.13

27.5 F

NO. 6 P/S

25.93

27.5 F

NO. 7 CL

26.13

12.5 A

NO. 7 P/S

25.93

12.5 A

NO. 8 CL

26.13

52.5 A

NO. 8 P/S

25.93

52.5 A

NO. 9 CL

26.13

92.5 F

NO. 9 P/S

25.93

92.5 F

NO. 10 CL

26.13

132.5 A

NO. 10 P/S

26.23

132.3 A

NO. 11 CL

26.13

172.5 A

NO. 11 P/S

26.93

172.9 A

LONGITUDINAL
MOMENT
(FT TONS)

FREE
SURFACE
(FT TONS)

TOTALS

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CONDITION:
DETAILS OF CLEAN SEA WATER BALLAST

DESCRIPTION

L. TONS

VCG
ABOVE BL
(FT)

VERTICAL
MOMENT
(FT TONS)

LCG
)( FT
FROM O
(+ = AFT)

LONGITUDINAL
MOMENT
(FT TONS)

FREE
SURFACE
(FT TONS)

ORIGINAL CLEAN BALLAST TANKS:


FORE PEAK

22.03

323.0 F

AFT PEAK

36.53

333.8 A

DEEP TANK, P/S

29.13

295.1 F

NO. 6 SIDE TANK P/S

25.93

27.5 F

NO. 6 TANK, CL

26.13

27.5 F

NO. 7 SIDE TANK, P/S

25.93

12.5 A

NO. 8 TANK, CL

26.13

52.5 A

NO. 9 TANK, CL

26.13

92.5 A

FORWARD COFFERDAM

27.93

249.0 F

AFT COFFERDAM

31.13

194.0 A

TANKS CONVERTED TO CLEAN BALLAST:

TOTALS

SHEET 81D
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CONDITION:

LONGITUDINAL BENDING STRESSES (PSI)

DESCRIPTION
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.

DEPARTURE
HOGGING
SAGGING
TONS/100 FACTOR NUMERAL FACTOR NUMERAL

FORE PEAK
DEEP TANK P/S
FWD STORES
FWD BUNKERS
FWD COFFEREDAM
#1 CARGO TANK
#2 CARGO TANK
#3 CARGO TANK
#4 CARGO TANK
BRIDGE CREW
BRIDGE STORES
BRIDGE F.W.
#5 CARGO TANK
#6 BALLAST TANK
#7 CARGO/BALLAST TANK
#8 CARGO/BALLAST TANK
#9 CARGO/BALLAST TANK
#10 CARGO TANK
#11 CARGO TANK
AFT COFFERDAM
AFT BUNKERS
AFT SETTLERS
DISTILLED WATER
AFT STORES
AFT CREW
F.W. AFT
AFT PEAK

28. TOTAL DEADWEIGHT


29. LIGHT SHIP
30. DISPLACEMENT
31. DEADWEIGHT CORRECTION LINE 28 WEIGHT
32. NUMERAL (MAY NOT EXCEED 100)

1.64
1.53
1.51
1.43
1.36
1.28
1.14
1.00
0.85
0.78
0.78
0.78
0.70
0.56
0.51
0.67
0.83
1.00
1.16
1.26
1.28
1.29
1.51
1.56
1.50
1.77
1.82

128.50

ARRIVAL
TONS/100

0.30
0.42
0.44
0.54
0.61
0.70
0.86
1.02
1.18
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.35
1.51
1.57
1.43
1.28
1.14
0.99
0.90
0.88
0.87
0.67
0.61
0.68
0.44
0.40

83.63

HOGGING
FACTOR NUMERAL
1.64
1.53
1.51
1.43
1.36
1.28
1.14
1.00
0.85
0.78
0.78
0.78
0.70
0.56
0.51
0.67
0.83
1.00
1.16
1.26
1.28
1.29
1.51
1.56
1.50
1.77
1.82

14.01

128.50

SAGGING
FACTOR NUMERAL
0.30
0.42
0.44
0.54
0.61
0.70
0.86
1.02
1.18
1.25
1.25
1.25
1.35
1.51
1.57
1.43
1.28
1.14
0.99
0.90
0.88
0.87
0.67
0.61
0.68
0.44
0.40

83.63

14.01

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GRAND HAVEN

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AVERAGE TEST WEIGHT OF THE PRINCIPAL GRAINS LOADED AT UNITED STATES PORTS
The test weight of a particular grain is the actual weight in pounds of a U.S. (Winchester)
bushel which is a unit of volume (dry measure) equaling 2,150.42 cubic inches or 1.2445
cubic feet.
LBS. PER BUSHEL
BARLEY
CORN
LINSEED
MILLET
OATS
PEANUTS
RICE
RYE
SEFFLOWER SEED

50
55
50
57
40
51
60
58
41

LBS. PER BUSHEL


SORGHUM (MILO)
SOYBEANS
SUNFLOWER SEED
WHEAT, AMBER DURUM
WHEAT, HARD WINTER
WHEAT, NORTHERN SPRING
WHEAT, SOFT RED
WHEAT, WHITE

57
56
28
61
62
60
59
61

NOTE: THE ABOVE TEST WEIGHTS ARE AVERAGE FIGURES BASED ON


INFORMATION OBTIANED FROM GRAIN LOADING PORTS. THE SPECIFIC TEST
WEIGHTS OF PARTICULAR GRAIN CARGOES MAY VARY FROM THE FIGURES
SHOWN. DATA ON TEST WEIGHTS IS USUALLY AVAILABLE FROM GRAIN
INSPECTION OFFICES AT SHIPPING ELEVATORS.

CARGO STOWAGE FACTORS


1 U.S. Bushel = 1.2445 Cu. Ft.
2240 lbs.
Test Weight per bushel (lbs.)

x 1.2445 Cu. Ft. = Cu. Ft. Per Long Tons

TEST
WEIGHT

CU. FT. PER


LONG TON

TEST
WEIGHT

CU. FT. PER


LONG TON

TEST
WEIGHT

CU. FT. PER


LONG TON

32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43

87.11
84.47
81.99
79.65
77.43
75.34
73.36
71.48
69.69
67.99
66.37
64.83

44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55

63.35
61.95
60.60
59.31
58.08
56.89
55.75
54.66
53.61
52.60
51.62
50.68

56
57
58
59
60
61
62
63
64
65
66
67

49.78
48.91
48.06
47.25
46.46
45.70
44.96
44.25
43.56
42.89
42.24
41.61

When test weights are for Canadian Imperial Bushels, multiply the above stowage factors
by 1.0315. (1 Canadian Imperial Bushel equals 1.2837 Cu. Ft.)
Data taken from "General Information for Grain Loading", 1976,
Published by the National Cargo Bureau, Inc., New York, New York

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