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RADIOGRAPHIC TESTING OF WELD JOINTS

(As per API-1104, 20th Edition & EWPL100-P30-J00-505) 9.3 ACCEPTANCE STANDARDS
API Clause no. 9.3.1 9.3.2 9.3.3 9.3.4 9.3.5 9.3.6

Type of Defect
Inadequate Penetration without Hi-Low (IP) Inadequate Penetration due to Hi-Low (IPD) Inadequate Cross Penetration (ICP) Incomplete Fusion (IF) Incomplete Fusion due to Cold Lap (IFD) Internal Concavity (IC)

Acceptance Limit
Parameter
Length Length Length Length Length Density

Individual
25mm 50mm 50mm 25mm

Aggregate
25mm in 300mm of continuous weld OR 8% of weld length in any weld less than 300mm in length. 75mm in 300mm of continuous weld 50mm in 300mm of continuous weld

25mm in 300mm of continuous weld OR 8% of weld length in any weld less than 300mm in length. 50mm in 300mm of continuous weld 50mm OR 8% of weld length in any weld less than 300mm in length Density of IC exceeds that of the thinnest adjacent parent material then 9.3.7.2 will follow. 6mm Thinner WT - density exceeds that of the thinnest adjacent parent material Sum of max dimensions of separate BTs 13mm in any continuous 300mm of weld, whose density exceeds that of the thinnest adjacent parent material. 50mm in continuous 300mm of weld 12.7mm in continuous 300mm of weld 3.0 mm 4 Nos. with max. width 3mm in
continuous 300mm of weld length

9.3.7.2

Burn Through (BT)

Dia. & Density -

Elongated Slag Inclusion (ESI)

Length Width Length

50mm 1.6mm 3mm 8% of TWT -

9.3.8.2

Isolated Slag Inclusion (ISI)

Width Nos.

ESI + ISI 9.3.9.2 Porosity (P)

Length Dia. Dia.

8% of the total weld length (TWT = Thinnest Wall Thickness)

9.3.9.3

Cluster Porosity (CP)

Length Length Length Length

9.3.9.4 9.3.10 9.3.11 9.3.12

Hollow Bead (HB) Crack (C) Undercut- External/Internal (EU/IU) Accumulation of Imperfections

Dia. of Cluster 13mm 12.7mm in continuous 300mm of weld 50mm in continuous 300mm of weld 12.7mm OR 8% of the weld length Individual 6mm & separated by less than 50mm Not Allowed at all 50mm in continuous 300mm of weld OR 1/6 of the weld length 50mm in continuous 300mm of weld OR 8% of the weld length