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THE 'STUDENT'S

ARABIC-ENGLISH
DICTIONARY.
COMPANION VOLUME TO THE AUTHOR'S

EISGLISH- ARABIC DICTIONARY.

BY

F.

STEINGASS,

Ph.D.,

OF THE DNIVEESITY OF MUNICH ; PROFESSOR OF MODERN LANGUAGES, AND RESIDENT LECTURER ON THE ARABIC LANGUAGE, LITERATURE, AND LAW, AT THE ORIENTAL INSTITUTE, WOKING.

LONDON

CROSBY LOCKWOOD AND SON


7,

STATIONERS' HALL COURT, LUDGATE HILL,

E.C.

LONDON
PRINTED ET W.
H.

ALLEN AND

CO., 13

WATERLOO FLASE.

S.W

J.

^((^

PEEFACE.
Aorist
is

V
Preterite.

added, if
is

it differs

from that of the

Where
is if
it

therefore

no such vowel
Aorist,

mentioned, the vowel of the Preterite


frequently the case
if

retained in the
is
i,

which

is

it is a,

rarely

but

always

if it is u.

tives, either

The second heading comprises those simple Derivanouns or adjectives, which do not exceed in number the

original letters of the root.*

Derivatives which are formed by the introduction of so-called servile


or additional letters,

and the various measures of the broken Plural,


their natural alphabetical order, where their

are to be looked for in

meanings or reference to the singular


readily traced

is given, unless they can be back to their respective origin by eliminating such

additional letters according to a few simple rules of easy application.

In order to impress these rules more effectively on the mind of the


student,

and

to facilitate reference

to

them
a, j

in case of need,

divide the words in question

into four
Q.

classes,

namely

containing a letter of prolongation

m.

we

will

I.

m, ^s
;

Words

*)

or a doubled

consonant

II.

with the
I.

letter

Words beginning with the letter ua t TV. Words beginning with


;

HI. Words beginning


|>

the letter

Words containing a letter of prolongation or a doubled consonant.


thrown
thus
:

In Derivatives or Plurals of this description, not found in the Dictionary,


or only rendered by meanings which do not fully meet the requirements
of the case, these letters are to be
out, to obtain the root, or

the singular,
1.
\

if

it is

a plural noun
the measures

in words of
"

J^\i/a'i7, the

well-known form of the Agent or active

participle,

who

does."

JUi

/a"Z,

where also the double consonant


frequently, habitually, by

is

to be rejected, or in

other words, the Ta&did to be removed, intensive of the former,


"

who does

way

of trade."

* It is true that, by the arrangement explained in this and the previous paragraph, sometimes different roots or their derivatives are thrown together under the same heading under the heading Jic for
:

we give, besides ^add and Hdd, belonging to the root (J*c), also the word ^udd, " pustule," apparently itself a root, and under the feminine form 6.vc we include 'ida-t, " promise, threat," derived from the root (>"^^). But this very juxtaposition of disparate meanings will
instance,
strike the attention of a thoughtful student, and continually remind him, that in Arabic, more than in any other language, very similar forms may have a vastly distinct origin.


VI

PREFACE.

J^

fi'dl.

Infinitive, exceptionally

case,

however,

it

of the primitive verb (in which alphabetical will be found as a reference in its

the more place), regularly of the third conjugation, along with " doing with regard mufd'ala-t, measure
frequently used
to another,

^U-

doing reciprocally on the part of two or more."


fi'l,

Also Plural of nouns of the measure Ji/a'Z,


feminine form in
6
.

fw'l,

and

its

'^fa'W,

of feminine of the measure J>^\ afal, forming adjectives

defect

and colour

(see Class II.)letters,

Lastly, in Plurals of

words which consist of four or more


trisyllabic,

trieither originally, or through the introduction of servile letters into

literal roots.
(1

These plurals are

with a

after the first,

(\

) after the second,

and

()
I

after the penultimate consonant.

If all the letters of the singular are radical, the

measure

is

JJUi

fa'dlil,

where the second


be

corresponds to the fourth and fol;

lowing consonants of the singular


quadriliteral,
it

and
will

if

the

singular
\

is

will

obtained

by dropping the
it

of pro-

longation of

the plural;

otherwise

be referred to in

the alphabetical place of the latter.*

The plural measures


triliteral roots, are

of words of four

and more

letters, reducible to

JcU\

afit'il,

plural of nouns, or of certain other plurals beginning


,

with

or of adjectives of the measure J**^ afal used substan-

tively (see Class II.).

JcUj

tafd'il,

plural of

a1Aj tafila-t.

Infinitive of the second conjugation,

mostly of verbs terminating in a weak consonant (see Class III.).


JjVi fa'd'il,

not given in the Dictionary amongst the alphabetical

references

when

it

is

plural of J-i fa'U or Huai fa'ila-t (the

* The plural ^^;J dinVnm, for instance, is not mentioned, in the alphabetical order, because the elimination of the \ points to the singular ^)J dirhiDi, name of the well-known coin but Ej^ safari] is quoted 'anddil as plural of '-t-^aac as plural of J=i-/- safarjal, "quince," 'andalib, " nightingale," because they do not contain all the letters of
;

JJ^

their respective singulars. t For instance: g^^ asdh>\ plural of f~o\ nsha', 'isha', "finger"; w_J\^ al-i'ilib, plural of ^^^ alduh, plural of paucity of ^-^ halh, " dog " aa\vjWk/i(/( i/i(, plural of ^->^ adhum, " very black," used substantively Throwing out the for a black horse, or for the chains of a prisoner.
;

Alif of prolongation you obtain the heading under which the wished- for information will be found.

PREFACE.
The Author's
aim, in preparing the present volume, has been to provide

the English student, at a moderate price, with a Dictionary which would

enable him to read, not only Arabic books of a limited vocabulary, as


the Qur'dn, or of a comparatively easy and familiar style, as the Arabian

Nights; but also such other standard works of a wider etymological


range, as the
al-Hariri,

Hamdsah, the Mu'allaqnt, and, above


late

all,

the

Maqdmdt

of

which may, with the

Mr. Chenery, be aptly designated as

a "

niceties.

Compendium of the Arabic Language " in all its intricacies and The dif&culty of such an undertaking lies in finding the golden mean between a merely alphabetical arrangement, which would swell the
book into an inordinate
size,

and a

strictly etymological disposition

under

roots,

which would, undoubtedly, be more to the taste of the scholar,

but frequently embarrass, and hence discourage, the learner

whom we

want to aid in his

first

steps on a journey sufficiently toilsome in itself.

An

endeavour of this kind has been made by Prof. Cherbonneau, in his

Ai'abic-French Dictionary, and, on a far more extensive scale and in a


superior manner, by Dr. Adolf
of the Arabic and

Wahrmund, in his Manual Dictionary German Languages and these two works, especially
;

the latter, checked by, and occasionally enlarged upon from the

MuM{

(an Arabic Dictionary, published in Arabic by Dr. P. Bustani in Bey rout),

form the groundwork of our own book, with such modifications and
additions, however, as to secure for
it

a fair degree of originality.

We

are

now going

to set forth, as briefly as can be done compatibly


is

with clearness, the general plan on which this Dictionary

worked

out.

The Arabic words are given in their crude form,

i.e.

the form in which

they appear before the grammatical terminations are added, and in

Arabic type only as far as they are represented by the

letters

of the

IV

PREFACE.

alphabet, leaving the rendering of the diacritical signs,


to the transliteration.*

Hamzah included,
were, a skeleton,

Thus each word forms,


itself,

as

it

dead and meaningless in


(vowel-points),

by the Harakat and further to be individualized, as of Arab kin by the


but moved into
life

rrab (grammatical

inflection).

To every male,

if

may be

allowed to

continue the metaphor, its consort is allotted, that is to say,

under each

heading the form or forms with the feminine termination


to those without
it, if

are subjoined

both are in use.

This has been done, because

frequently the two forms stand mutually in the relationship of singular

and

plural,

article,

many

and therefore, by bringing them together in the same In a similar way cross-references could be spared.f
final

derivatives

with a

ts

>

especially

when

forming the so-called


offspring,
if

Nisbah or noun of relation

(in ^5), are, as

a natural

joined

under the same heading


betical order

to the parent-iorm,

but only,

the alphait

would already bring them in immediate contact with

(see e.g. article

JW^

haydl, &c., p. 347).

Roots, whether triHteral or quadriliteral, are found under two headings.

One, placed in parentheses, gives the primitive verbs in the third person
singular masculine, together with their Infinitives,

and the

Infinitives of

the derived conjugations.

In

triliteral

verbs the medial vowel of the

* The student, when about to make use of this Dictionary, is of course supposed to be well acquainted with these signs from his Grammar, and should his text be pointed, he will have no difficulty in finding the equivalent in transliteration, for any word he may look out, by referIf, on the contrary, these signs are ring to the heading in Arabic type. omitted from the text, as is always done in editions printed in the East (for instance, in the Arabian Nights, which he is particularly expected to read), it would be decidedly more bewildering for him to pick out, from perhaps half-a-dozen or more repetitions of the same group of Arabic letters, variously marked, that special combination which he wants while, by using the one heading, which represents the letters in his book, as a master-key for the different meanings, his eye has simply to run over the article in order to ascertain that particulai- form which gives an appropriate sense to the passage in hand. i f If in the first part of an article is placed after a generic noun it if after an adjective, indicates either the female or the noun of unity In the second part, the various forms are it stands for the feminine. given in which a word has a feminine termination without such reference to sex or gender, and here the ' heads the transliteration. (Compare " lion," &c., p. 41 ^' samar, S , " fruit " e.g. the articles >^\ asad, hdrr, S , " hot," &c., p. 268 ; cjili half, " behind," &c. ; 209 &c., p. " difference of opinion," &c., p. 337.) liilfa-t,
; ; ;

>

ii

PBEFAOB.
elimination of the
reference
if
\

vii

leading to the singular), but inserted as a


(\

the singular has d

or

4 (})

after the

second radical.*

J^V fawd'il,

plural of

JtU

fd'il,

and much more frequently

of its

feminine form ^V fd'ila-t.

Here the
\

of the singular has been

changed into

before the

of prolongation of the plural,


;

and

throwing out the latter practically, therefore, the rule takes this shape Suppress the of such j
:

would have

to be restored after

a plural, instead of the

to find the singular as given in the

Dictionary, or as to be further derived from the verbal root

All these
* (ts

according to the direction in the beginning of this Section. plurals, except JfUi fa'd'il, have parallel forms with
i (

instead of

in the third syllable, corresponding to a long

vowel in the second syllable of the singular.


the plural
is

If the latter be d or u,
;

given as a reference in

its

alphabetical place

if it is i,

such reference
rejection of the
2. ) as letter

could be dispensed with, as here again


\

the

simple

leads to the singular.


is

of prolongation

to be

thrown out in words of the

measures

J^

foi'^l,

intensive of the Patient, rarely of the Agent,

and

^)*fti'ul, Infinitive of

neuter verbs (also

^^

fu'ula-t), or plural

form of nouns.
*

We

singular

omit, for instance, the plural iS^ qasd'id, as a reference to the " poem," but we give J^) rasd'il as plural of SJiejJ> qasida-t,

iSLy risdla-t, " mission," &c., and s->i=- hald'ib as plural of a>jU. haluha-t, " milch-camel," for the reason stated in the text.

t In the opening lines of al-Hariri's first Assembly we meet with the expression (^y^^ g^^ tawd'ihu 'z-zamani, which the Commentators explain by iiS\jij ijJ\j=. hawddisu-hu wa qawdzifu-hu. Dropping the j in these three forms we obtain the Agents or participles eU td'ih, " perishing," iAjjU ifddis, " happening, befalling," and >-iJVi qdzif, " flinging, casting," of

whose feminines the said forms would be the regular plurals. But the tell us that it belongs native dictionaries, speaking of the term to the J J^y nawddir, or rare exceptions (plural, on the same principle, of SjJ^ nddira-t, "anything rare "), its singular not being iaJ^ td'iha-t, according to rule, but &^^ mutawwiha-t, feminine of the Agent of the Hence we give it in its second conjugation, " that which casts about." alphabetical place, with the meaning resulting from the explanation of the Commentators, " impelling calamities," or, as Chenery translates it in the quoted passage, " the shocks of the time," while the forms hawddis, qawdzif, and nawddir could be passed over, as easily re-traced to their

^^

singular,


PREFACE.
^ as letter of prolongation is to

Vlll

3.

be thrown out in words of the

measures
Je* fa'U, intensive of the Agent, rarely of the Patient,
JiJtiJi"il,

and
same

where also the Tasdid

is

to be removed, with the

meaning more
measure

forcibly expressed.
final
iS

In this place may further be mentioned the

(a.)

of the

1^^ fubVa, fem. of the comparative form Ji\ afal (see Class 11.). n. Words beginning with the letter \ This class comprises words of

the measures
J*\ afal,
f.

oW

fa'ld',

forming adjectives of intransitive verbs,

particularly expressive of defect or colour.


J*i\ afal,
f. ^Jjti

fu'la,

which forms the comparatives and superla-

tives of

any adjective, not belonging to the previously mentioned

measure.
J*\ aful, one of the so-called plurals of paucity.

JUi^ afal, another plural of paucity, but

common

to plurals of

multitude
If

also,

and therefore of very frequent occurrence.


is

any word of this kind


\

not found in the Dictionary, the dropping

of the initial

(in the

last-named measure, together with the rejection

of the Alif of prolongation), will lead at once to the verbal root,

from

which the meaning


singular, if
it is

may be

gathered,

if it

is

an adjective, or to the

a plural noun.

afal)

may form a new

plural of their
of

(also occasionally plural


tively, as

The two plurals of paucity (aful and own of the measures J*\j^ afd'il the comparative), and J-tU\ afd'U respecI.

has been mentioned under Class

To
tions

this Class belong further the Infinitives

of the derived conjuga-

and sixth, all beginning and having an Alif of prolongation after the last letter but one. The root of such an Infinitive will most easily be found by changing it into a so-called Infinitive in Mini, and applying to it the rules for words
fifth

from the fourth upwards, except the


i,

with

beginning with that

letter, as will

be explained under Class IV.

in. Words
measures

beginning with the letter

This Class contains the

JUij tafalul, Infinitive of the second conjugation of quadriliterals.

^y^

tafil,

^'14'

tafila-t,

and Jc^'

tafd'il (see

with their respective plurals, J-^U* tafi'U Class I.), Infinitive of the second conjuga-

tion of trililerals.

PREFACE.
JA tafa"ul, Infinitive of the fifth,

IX

and

JcW tafd'ul, Infinitive of the sixth conjugations of the same. By cutting off the initial ta, and throwing out a letter of prolonga

tion or a double consonant,

where such appear, the root

is

obtained,

under which the


be found.
rV.
l

Infinitive in question, with its different

meanings, will

Words beginning with


words belonging to
it is

the letter
f*

m.

The

initial,

not radical,
i

of

this Class

may be

read with a (Fatliah) or

(Kasrah), in which case

followed by a

triliteral root,
it

frequently with

a letter of prolongation in the second syllable, or

may be pronounced
letters.

with u (Dammah), when


literals,

it

forms participles and verbal nouns of quadri-

and

is

mostly accompanied by one or several more servile

We

will therefore consider

use of dots to indicate

them under two heads, making henceforth the number of radical letters occurring in a word,

as has been done all through the letter

M in

the Dictionary.

It must,

however, be remarked, with

regard to the transliteration in

Roman

character, that only consonants


tain a quiescent

and

long vowels

which

in

Arabic conwhile the

weak consonant

are

reckoned to be

letters,

short vowels, as merely represented by orthographical signs, do not

count as such

JV* qdl, for instance,

would consist of three

letters,

but

J* qui only of two in the eyes of an Arabic grammarian. 1. The measures of the form ...', i.e. consisting of a triliteral root,

preceded by

initial

ma

or mi, are
mxif'il),

J*i* mafal. Infinitive or noun of Action (in certain cases

and noun of Place or Time. ili- mif'ala-t, noun of Instrument. J4/ mifal and These form their plural in Jc\& mafdHl, which could be omitted from
amongst the alphabetical
would lead to the
JecUrt mafd'il,

references, as simply the elimination of the

singular.

The noun

of Instrument, however, takes


(. \
.
.

more frequently the measure JUi- mifdl


and
if

'),

with

the plural

such a singular

is

given in the Dictionary, the


it,

plural will also be found with a reference to

as here the

dropping of
it

the

in the plural

form would

leave

it

still

undecided whether

belongs to the singular


to be

JW*

mifdl, or to either of the last

two measures

mentioned in

this Section, viz.

J-Jt*. mif'il,
Jyti/.

a rare form of the intensive Agent, and

maful, the regular form of the nomen patientis (Patient) of


triliteral verb.

the transitive


X
The
its

PREFACE.
plural of the latter (of the measure JcVi- mafd'U) is quoted in

alphabetical place, for the reason stated above, but not that of the
\

former, because here the removal of the


2.

suffices to find the singular.


all

The second category

of words

belonging to this Class are

Participles,
Infinitives

nouns of Place or Time, and nonns of Action or so-called " i.e. the initial in Mim, and have the general form

syllable

mu

is

followed by an indefinite

number
if

of letters,

from three

to five, which, if not quiescent, are

pronounced with a (Fathah), except


the word
is

the penultimate, which takes


ticiple

(Kasrah),

an active parare

(Agent).

At

least three, frequently four, of these letters,

radical, as will be seen

by compai-ing the different measures with the


in parentheses.

more general symbols included

These measures are

J*^ (...') muf'il. Agent, muf'al, Patient, noun of Place or Time, and Infinitive in mim of the fourth conjugation of a triliteral.
Ji*4^ (....') mufa'lil, Agent, mufa'lal, Patient, &c. of a quadriliteral.

J4- (...') mufa'Hl, Agent, mufa"al, Patient, &c. of the second conjugation of a triliteral.
JcU/.
(.
.

,)

mufd'il, Agent, mufd'al, Patient,


its

noun

of Place or

Time, and in
. -J

feminine form ilcW. mufd'ala-t, Infinitive of

the third conjugation of a triliteral.


c

J*A- (...') muf'all (for mufalil), Agent, and (for muf'alal) Infinitive in

Mim

of the ninth conjugation of a triliteral.

five measures the root is obtained by simply cutting off the mu, and, where such occur, throwing out the \ of prolongation or doubled consonant, according to the rule given for Class I.
initial

In these

JlAx (....;!-)

mutafa'lil,

Agent, mutafa'lal, Patient,

&c. of a

quadriliteral.

J4i

(.

i^) mutafa'Hl, Agent,

mutafa"al,

Patient,

<fcc.

of

the

fifth

conjugation of a
.

triliteral.

J*Ux.

(.

A) mutafd'il, Agent, mutafd'al, Patient, &c.

of the

sixth conjugation of a triliteral.

In these three measures the root is obtained by combining with the previous direction the rule given for Class III., in other words, by cutting off the initial mii-ta, besides removing the Alif or Tasdid, if there should
be any.
^^*io^

(.....)

munfa'il.

Agent,

mmifa'al,

Patient,

&c.

of

the

seventh conjugation of a

triliteral.

PREFACE.

xiii

form requires a certain amount of practice which can scarcely be expected from a learner at the outset of his studies so we thought it incumbent upon us to give either the third person singular masculine
;

of the Preterite or the Infinitive,

and as the former course would have frequently necessitated the additional introduction of the Fii'il or Agent, we decided for the second plan.* Some inconsistency in this and
other respects will be noticed in the early part of the Dictionary, namely, with regard to roots beginning with\ whose derived Infinitives, however,
,

be mostly found in their alphabetical place, and in the beginning of the letter 6, when our views on this point were not quite settled. This is a blemish which we must beg to excuse, and resei-ve ourselves
will

to efface in any later edition.

me

In bringing this rather lengthy Preface to a close, it only remains for to offer my cordial thanks to the Publishers, who, with great sacriof time

fice

and expense, have helped me

undertaking.

to carry out my laborious Moreover, they have kindly consented to open the field

for a first trial of its usefulness

by following

it

up with a Student's

Edition of Al-Hariri's celebrated Assemblies

a seed-corn which, by the

favour of sun and breeze,

may

develop into a " Palm-grove of Arabic

Poetry," exhibiting the most eminent productions of a rich and interesting literature, if their praiseworthy efforts meet with encourage-

ment.

oW^^ ir^^ "^^ " ^od knows best and time will show." thanks are also due to the authorities of the Oriental Institute at Woking for a liberal subscription, and for the opportunity of literary

My

leisure which they are affording me for working on another field the complete translation, with connecting Commentary, of the Vydkarana of

Panini.

F.
Oriental Institute, Woking.

STEINGASS.

August 12th, 1884.

* These Infinitives may frequently be merely theoretical, not actually used as ijUa* J)*^ maf'iU mutlaq, i.e. corroborative or adverbial masdar. Nevertheless, they are fit representatives of their conjugation, as their formal relation to the conjugated verb remains always the

same.

XIV

COEEIGENDA ET ADDENDA.
Page 333, read under the heading i-M^
fd'ildtun mustaf'i-lun fd'ildtun
twice.

after the
|

words " a metre


-w'

:"

^^

^
|

Page 492, add under


Idtu

-w

^j->

a metre, mustafilun niustaf'ilun maf'ii-

s-'
I

>^ twice.
li-iq^ mujtass, a metre,
|

Page 958, add


twice.

after W^*-* the

heading
^^

mus-

tafi-lun fd'ildtun fd'ildtun

^^

Page 1015, add under

gj\-A*

a metre, mafd'ilun fd'ildtun niafd'Uun

PREFACE.
Jix~(.
. .

xi

i-.^) mustafil.

Agent, mustafal, Patient, &c. of the


obtained at once by cutting

tenth conjugation of a

triliteral.
is

In these measures the root


initial

off

the

musta or

mwn
C

respectively.

Most troublesome

for beginners will be the measure

J*!^ (..-.-) mufta'il, Agent, mufta'al, Patient, &c. of the eighth conjugation of a triliteral, where the first radical of the root
appears between two servile
letters.

n or s, he found this form with the two previous ones, as

If the initial letter of such a root is

will
it

be

liable to con-

would begin with

munta (possibly belonging to the seventh conjugation of a verb with initial t) in the first case, and with musta in the second case. Here he must consider whether musta is followed by three letters, when the word
belongs to the tenth conjugation of a root composed of these three
letters
;

or by two,

when

it

appertains to the eighth conjugation of a root


letters

composed of these two


tions, as in the

preceded by

.*

He must

bear in

mind, however, that in these measures of the eighth and tenth conjugacorresponding ones of the fourth and seventh, the Alif
of prolongation, represented in the
full letter,

Eoman

character by
i.e.

a,

counts as a

and points to a
its

so-called hollow root,

a root with a weak

consonant for

second radical.

With regard

to

words beginning with


<

munta,
first

it will

be a comfort for him to learn that the roots with

as a

radical are few in

number, and very rarely form the seventh conin all safety turn at once to a root beginning
difficulties

jugation, so that he

may

with

n.

Still,

to help

him over the


placed, as

which undoubtedly wiU


it,

beset his path,

we have

it

were, road-marks on

by freely

interspersing the letter f of the Dictionary with general leading-forms, like those given above, the purport and use of which he will now easily

understand.

We
initial

have here to add a word more about the usual Infinitives with
\

of the derived conjugations of a triliteral, other than the second,

third, fifth,

and

sixth.

Their measures are

fourth, JUi\ ifdl ; seventh,

first

* Verbal forms may, in this case, sometimes be perplexing at for instance, may stand for "they allowed to live" sight: (tenth form of ^_^ haqiya), or for " they vied to be first " (eight of (j--

^t^

sabaqa).

But the

vocalisation of the former


is

would be istdbqau
of

(^a-A-\
t_^-fxJ[

where the Fathah

remainder of the

i^

the singular

istabqa), that of the latter, istahaqu (^a-J^^).

XU

PREFACE.
;

JUi!^ infi'dl; eighth, JUsi\ ifti'dl; ninth, JUi\ if'ildl


ietif'dl.

and tenth,

J\*ixJ\

When, by attending
student

to the rules laid

down in the previous pages,


from the

some practice has been acquired


servile letters, the

in separating the radical

will, of course,

turn from such Infinitives

directly to the root.


it

But

in the earlier stage of his reading he will find

safer mentally to transform

them

into the corresponding Infinitives in


initial
\

Mim

by substituting the syllable mzt for the


\

(Hamzah), throwing
letters not qui-

out the

(Alif) of prolongation,

and pronouncing the


if'dl
;

escent with a (Fathah).

So fourth, JUi\

changes into

J*m

muf'al

seventh, JV4>\

infi'dl

into J**^^ munfa'al


if'ildl

eighth, J^si^
;

ifti'dl

into J*sa^

mufta'al ; ninth, JI^\

into Ji- muf'all

and tenth,

JVai..\ istif'dl

into J*sx-- mustafal, with which measures of the present Class he will

by this time have become familiar.

It must, however, be observed that


initial
\

a great number of the Infinitives with

have been given in their

alphabetical order, especially such of frequent occurrence or of


less irregular

more or

formation.
if

By

adhering, as we hope, judiciously,

not with slavish rigour, to a

system of arrangement with regard to cross-references based on the foregoing rules,


nearly half
it

was possible not only to reduce our German model to


without omitting anything essential, but even to gain

its size

room
out.

for several important additions,


Firstly,

which we

wherever a reference

is

given,
it

will now shortly point we did not confine ourselves

to quoting the

word referred

to,

unless

occurs in closest proximity,

but we accompanied the reference with one or two of the principal significations, so as to spare the student as much as possible time and
trouble.
creased.

Secondly, the number of meanings has frequently been inHere we are indebted for many of the English renderings to

first 26 Assemblies of Al Hariri, Eodwell's Kordn, Palmer's El Baha Zoheir, and Lane's Arabian Nights. Thirdly the stock of words itself has been not inconsiderably enlarged from

Chenery's translation of the

the

Standard Works of Arabic Literature, particularly those mentioned in the beginning of this Preface, and, to quote a distinguished

modern

Ma;qdm.H of Nasif al-Tazaji, on which remarkable work compare Chenery's Introduction to Al Hariri, p 99 Fourthly, the last and most comprehensive addition is the introduction
of the Infinitives of the derived conjugations of all verbal roots. book of this kind, we did not think it sufficient to

writer of Arabic, from

the

In a

by their numbers, for

to

put unerringly the right

them merely number upon the right

designate

XV

TEANSLITEEATION.

The Arabic
follows
:

letters

have,

ia

this

volume,

been transliterated as

a,iu,

at the beginning of a

word

(see the

remark on the

Hamzah

below).

^
ut> >4

b.
(.

s.

Pronounced

like the

English

th in thing.

6
C

jA.
h.

guttural aspirate, stronger than

h.

t
J
j

Pronounced
Pronounced

like the Scotch ch in loch.

d.
z.

like the

English th in

that, with.

^
yp
y*
t k

s.
s.

Pronounced

like the

English sh in
s.

ihut.

Strongly articulated

d.
t.

Similar to the English th in

this.
t.

Strongly articulated palatal


Strongly articulated
z.

z.
'

g t
-*

Strong guttural, the pronunciation of which must be


learnt by the ear.

9.

/.


XVI
Tlie
it

TRANSLITERATION.

Hamzah

has not been marked at the beginning of a word, where


is

has always the Alif for a prop, and

pronounced as

a,

i,

u,

preceded

by a very

slight aspiration, like h in the English

word

"

honour."

The vowel signs have been rendered by a


the long vowels by a for
}
\

for

or

"S

for ^5

iS

au for rendered by
,

for

for
,

c
^e,

ai for

u for
Pinal

all

to

be pronounced as in Italian or German.

is

The feminine
letter
is

^J termination
a, ^s
i

is

represented by

a-t,

where the

final

joined to the body of the


it is

word by a hyphen, to show that in


is

modern Arabic
ceded by the

not to be pronounced, unless the noun


suffix,

placed in

a state of construction with a pronominal


article.

or another

noun

pre-

In addition to the Abbreviations in common use the following are

employed

Ag. for Agent (active


Pat.

participle).

Patient (passive participle).

(m.)
n.u.

modem
noun
is

form or expression.

of unity.

Where an

asterisk (*)

inserted in an article,

it

means

that, besides

the forms or meanings given under the heading, others

may be looked

for in accordance with the indications set forth in the Preface.

; ; ;

ARABIC-ENGLISH

DICTIONARY.

(i-aJ^

alif), as

a numeral sign=l

also abbreviation for Jj\ awwal, as: \j J^S^ gsjj rabi'u-'l-awwal,

W-

= JjS^

j^JU^ jumdziyu-l-aw;

wal, \J=Jj3\ Juui5\ ^j jM-7qa'datu-'l-awwal a, particle of interrogation placed at the beginning of the first word of a sentence ; followed by |\

forefathers, ancestors i abd'a-t, reed ibd'a-t, inf. of ij!\ ubdt, pi. of ij>\ dbi, q.v. v^>^ ubdb, great bulk of water, billow, wave ahdb, luggage also 5 abdba-t, ibdba-t, way, conduct, manner of living longing for INF. of (v^) q.v.
;

whether

... or.
;
;

v>\ ab, father, patriarch

s^S^ al-ab,

our Heavenly Father

ab, ah,

month of August
tj!] dbi.

'~>'S

db-in, see

some fabulous birds for JjjW^ abdwil, pi. of Jy) ibbaid, troops of camels. (^V;\ abdbin, pi. of y^\ ibbdn, q.v. y^.\ ubdtir, without children, soliJaJ^^l abdbil,
;

tary.
I

(sj\)

inf. i~A abb, >~M\ abdb, ^^\ abdba-t, ibdba-t, put the hand to (as to the sword) move, agitate long for (one's prepare country ) (for a journey) intend ; be straight, upright (as a road, conduct) defeat out v., viii. ii. cry
abb,
v,
; ; ; ; ;

and

^'^\

ibdta-t, passing the night, giving a night's lodging, doing anything at night bime iv. of
;

iy>-ii
i>\;\

q.v.

ibdsa-t,

examining; ploughing;
abdjir, pi. of yr.
pi.

IV. of (>^y) q.v.


fs-'^\

abdjir, ^*^^^

bujr, q.v.
Jq-V}^ abdjil,

wonder, be astonished (with


bi)
;

>-

sinews of the foot,

abb, pi.

"-jj^

a'ubb, inten;

of J^.^ abjal.
ScA>\

tion
(\i\)

travelling

plan

fodder,
u,

ibdha-t,

making public

re-

grass,
j^\

meadow.
j>\

aba (for
ibdwa-t,

abaw-a)
;

inf.
;

become father
v.

ii.

take for a father, consider as a father aba'. A, INF. W\ ab', throw, shoot,
call
;

a person father

vealing, disclosing; giving full permission ; license, licentiousness IV. of (cj?) qv. (j<.<i-^\ abdhis, pi. finger-tops.
;

^\i\ ibdha-t, extinguishing


(t)i) q.v.
jVj\
,

iv. of

hit.

W\ aba'

reeds, rushes; ibd', refusal, rejection, disobedience,

dbdd, eternities, pi. of a>\ abad ; ibdda-t, annihilation iv. of


;

(^)

q.v.

abhorrence, disgust ness ; wbd', pi. of

unwilling^j>l

dbi

dbd',

pi.

of

)i\

abu, fathers,

jjW^ abddid, scattered animals, birds, etc. ab'dr, dbdr, pi. of ;Sj q.v. ; j\i\


^\

^\
6^^i\

abdr, lead
ibdr,

; ibdr, S ihdra-t, fructification of the palm tree, s. fi^

needles, abbdr, maker


needles
;

pi. of

'ij>\

ibra-t

ibdwa-t, paternity. Jij^^ abdwil, pi. of Jy\ ibbaul. (uw^) abat, xj, INF. abt, ubut,
; ;

be

or

seller

of

flea.

swell hot abit. A, the same (with drink) v. inf. ta'albut,

Jj^^ abdriq, pi. of ^ijA ahraq, q.v. abdriqa-t, (JJjVj^ abdriq, pi. of

of

kindle, n.
cs-}^

abt, abit, obit,

hot

abati, for

i^if^ abriq, q.v.

&j^^ abdrima-t,
(fc;i^

^J^\

abdriha-t, pi.

ibrahim.

father ; violent anger. abta-t, heat ci.U>\ i6f(Ji, cutting off, plucking

^^^

abati,

my

jV}\

abbdz,

who jumps,

leaps

(as a

gazelle).
;5jW^

vij^asja^

abdzir,

herbs for seasoning,

of )\j>\ abzdr. (*jj^^ abdzim, buckles, &c., pi. of ^j!^ ibzim. (j-^ wtas, shrew. &A>W^ ubdsa-t, rabble, vagabonds impurities. yoVsl ibdd, vein, sinew pi. o^^ -mSmc^, rope for tying up the forefoot of a camel dbdd, pi. of
pi.
; ; ;

accomplishing; iv. of (t=-~?)examination invesinquest scrutiny tigation disputation viii. of (ii-=^.) q.v. cWxj^ ibtihdh, rich harvest; abunoff
;

ibtihds,
;

\sxi\ ibtidd',

dance, plenty. beginning, commenceibtidd' an, in ment, noviciate


;

the beginning, at
^Xi>^
ibtiddr,

first.

about
&c.).
g\oja\

pushing on, setting any work, running in


hastening
(to

advance,

arms,

(J^^ ubd, q.v.


tVj\

S^

armpits, pi. of is carried under the armpits.


a6a<, shoulders,
i6f
;

Midd', invention, discovery,

ibdt,

what

innovation.
i\Ms\ ibtiddh, improvisation. ^\jju^ ibtidd'iyy, incipient, begin-

AitV}^

abdtila-t,

pi.
;

iJsJ=W^

abdtil,
;

thing of no value
trifle.
>s\i},

nothingness

abd'id, strangers, not related,


-i*}^

pi. of

ab'ad.
;

ning, original. J\Xm\ ibtizdl, continual use, wearing conwasting disdain, out, tempt.
;

Acb\ ibd'a-t, sale, traffic


q.v.
jVi^
^

iv. of

(^)

j^>\

abtar,

f.
;

\^
;

batrd', curtailed,

ibdq,

&

(tJJ^) q.-^-

JW^

a&aZ,
;

i&iZ

J^^
; ;

inf. of ubbdq, pi. of i^*! dbiq. camels, pi. of J?\ ifeZ,


;
i

ibdqa-t, escape

bereft of children useless, vile du. al-abtardn, one's slave and ass.

crippled

S\ysi\

ibtirdd,

refrigeration,

cool-

dbbdl, camel-herd
pi.

J^^

ubbdl,

of

JA

dbil;

ing.
j\\Xi\

ibtizdz,

robbery, abduction.

ibdla-t,

administration
;

of
;

pro-

perty economy ship tribe.


X-J^\ abdlisa-t,
yVj\

police

client-

jL-a^ ibtisdl, defiance of danger, contempt of death.


|,L-a\ ibtisdm, smiling, smile
;

gladf. V;a

i_i~*5V>^

abdlis, devils,

ness, cheerfulness.

pi. of u~*l}^ iblis.

^\
of ^\ father
pi.

abta', pi.

oj*^^ abta'un,

abdn=iil^fi\

du.

fcai'a, pi. 5*}

buta', entire, whole,

and

mother
;

ibbdn,

(^^\

all.

abdbin, opportunity, favourable

moment
tion
;

beginning
;

ibdna-t,

distinction, separation

explana-

publication

iv. of
pi.

(i^).
fil^\

^V}\ ahdhim, thumbs, ihhdm.

of

departure, abandonabsence. \ixi\ ibtigd', longing, desire. JS:a\ ibtiJcdr, rising early, coming soon in the morning ripeness ;
jUxj\
ibti'dd,

ing

first-fruit

first

njoyment.

; ;

; ;

ut~\

'^\ ibtild', trial, visitation, temptation; passion, inclination, pro pensity calamity, distress. ^A''?^ ihiildi, (m). beginning, undertaking. f^\ ibtild', swallowing, absorp;

same misfortune anything extraordinary riddle, fable,


; ; ;

funny
'^i

tale.

ibdd',

beginning,
;

creation

tion.

revelation. ^\'^\ ibddd, distribution. j)\'^\ ibddr, light of the full moon.

communication

JI^\

^^

being wet recovery. building, construction, foundation. sW^^ ihtihdj, joy, gladness, cheerihtildl,
;

ibtind',

t}^^ ibdd', invention innovation lie original thought, origi;

nality.

JW^

abddl, pi. of
;

fulness, alacrity.
Jtai\

and J>^ badil


ing, exchange.

J^

badal, bidl,

ibddl,

exchang-

ibtihdl, supplication, fervent

gW^^

prayer, deprecation. ibtiyd', purchase. (e-.;^) abas, i, calumniate, accuse (ace. or |_slc 'ala) obis, pert,
;

^^\ abda', extraordinary, original and beautiful, comp. of gjA>


badi'.

impudent.
>A>U>^ ibsds,

spreading.
;

g>^

abaj, eternity ever.


ibjul,

W-.\

abajan, for

JW-.^
J<?-.\

honouring, rendering

honour.
abjad, ancient arrangement of the alphabet, in which the letters denote the numbers from 1 to 1000. J=-.^ abjal, pi. J=-W^ abdjil, sinew of the foot J>V;S^ i^^i wuhi-'labdjil, swift-footed. ;l=;\ ibhdr, sea- voyage salt taste ; abhdr, and f^y abhur, seas, pi. of ;=. bahr.
;

abadiyy, eternal, everlasting abadiyya-t, eternity. {y>y) abar, i, tj, inf. abr, prick; make a dog swallow a needle calumniate annihilate ; kill inf. abr, ibdr, ibdra-t, fructify the palm-tree ; fructify ii. the palm-tree viii. dig a well. )i\ abarr, more, most, or very pious, s ibra-t, pi. upright internal ibar, j^\ ibdr, needle, needle of the compass hand of a watch string fruit of malice the
ts-^^

sycamore

tree

(j^V^

^^'^

ibratu-'r-rd'i,

geranium.
cure,
;

\fy ibrd', liberating, delivery,

i^y

abhira-t, pi. of ;j==", bahur. (J^y abhaq, f. ^. bahqd', one-eyed f. blind (eye). more or most avaricious, J*'.^ abhal, comp. of Js*^. bahil. (Ji>\) abad, u, inf. ubud, grow i, halt stop, i, wild, savage
;

absolution acquittal, quittance. ibrdh, cV^ abrdh, pi. of Cf. barh honouring, &c. iv. of (c;) q.v.
; ;

discharge

from debt

-i^ji^

ibrdd, cooling, refreshing, re-

frigeration.
j\jj\

continue be waste the face frighten


V.

grow wild grow angry redden in inf.


abid, a,
;
;

abrdr, pi. of jW bdrr and j> barr; ibrdr, state of being well pleased, satisfaction attestation by witnesses.

ii.

ta'bid, scare,
;

INF.
;

cause to continue ta'abbud, grow waste,

^y>\ ibrdz,

publication

production
shining,

of proof or evidence.
o\j^

empty
-n^

keep aloof from women

ibrdq,

lightening,

immortalize one's self. abad, pi. dbud, ubud, eternity ' dbida-t, abad-an, ever never ubbad, an animal grown pi. pi. ^\)\ awdbid, the wild ;
; ;

glittering.
I>\]>\

tion
s\>^

ibrdm, importunity, molestacross-examination.


;

ibrdh, convincing

proof,

evi-

dence.

^\

6;}^

ahraj,

f.
;

ful

eyes

barjd',
i

having beautitowers,

abrija-t,

&c., pi. of S]i burj.


^ji^

abrad, t. i pi. J;V>^ abdrid, very cold; y\j;>S\ al-abraddn, morning and evening; ibrada-t, coolness impotence ^5 abradiyy, papyrus.
;

abzan, water-basin of copper. ^jj\ ibzim, pi. it>j^\ abdzim, buckle, clasp, agrafie. scold, (u~?^) abas, u, inf. abs, frighten, humiliate, subdue ; revile, despise imprison receive
(^yi^

badly

despise V. INF. ta'abbus, be despised.


;

iNP.
; ;

ta'bis,

f~-^^ 1^;}^ abras,


bur.s,

ihrisi'iii, s.

i^~-^.)>\

abrisam.
J^'f.

(j~j\ afes,

famine; also
tortoise
;

f.

^ji barkV, pi.

ground

ibs,

rugged
low

ibs,

spotted, dappled.
ibrisds,

^U.y\

being dappled.

&s^^^ dbarsiyya-t (m.), diocese. ^^y>^ abras, i. Uj> barsd, pi. i^ji al-abras, burs, leprous {j'ji'^^ the moon more excellent, comp. of ijsi.ji bar is. (j^Uucjj\ ibrigsds, recovery, ijij\ ablaq, liji^ abraq,f. ^^ barqd
; ;

descent. yV~>\ ibsdn, beauty, (tj^^) abas, Tj, INF. ab^, gather hastily> grasp up 11. inf. ta'bis, the same talk confusedly dote. bar-'sd', friendly ij-i\ abass, f. (m.) and talkative, affable; smiling. ^Viu\ ibsdr, good good tidings
;

pi. spotted (white and black) abdriq, stony and sandy ij;W\ ground. or very much >^)i\ abralc, more
;

humour.
absa', uglier, very ugly, comp. of Qt~i basi'. (yoj^) abis. A, INF. abas, be quick,

Q^\

iij>\

blessed. abrah,

swift, alert.
f.

^^i barhd', recovered


pi.

;^\

absdr, pi. of

^ basar
;

ibsdr,
bus',

having a white skin.


I^^}i^

IV. of

ibrahim,

4^j^\ abdrima-t,

^\
iij^^}

(^)
t.
;

q.v.
V-i}

absa',

hasd', pi. 5
all.

l&.j\i]

abdriha-t,

Abraham.
;

t5;?^

ibriyy, seller of needles ibariyy, in the shape of a needle, i ibriyya-t, pointed, sharp
;

stupid

whole,

scurf.
Viji^

abri'yd', pi. of ^sj* bari'.


tS)*^?^

y.^\ abriz, pure gold (also giihab abriziyy).

s-^>J

A~jy^ ibrisam, ibraisam (Pers. j*^;?^

o6rMam),vulg.

iji}>\

^*-j;\

ibrisim, silk;

j_^~.iy\

ibrisamiyy,
pi.
tjij^^
;

silk-merij>;^\

chant.
ibriq,

ahdriq,

ewer water- jug; brig, brigantine, sloop of war. (^?\) ofcau, u, INF. a6z, ?(/;z, leap; rush agaiust offend die. j>\ nbiz, leaping (as a gazelle). pi. }}.}^\ j\y\ abzdr, pi. of y^ bazr ahdzir, aromatic herb for seasonabdriqa-t,
; ;
;

abad, i, inf. abd, tie up the forefoot of a camel; y.inv. ta'abbud, have the forefoot tied up ; abid. A, inf. abad, abstain from one's wife stand quiet, and, in opposition, move, stir t. i. (j=>\ ubd, pi. dbdd, eternity ubud, pi. of i^Vj\ ibdd, q.v. la\ ibt, pi. dbdt, shoulder, arm-pit. (W\) abat. A, INF. abt, throw down, throw to the ground v. inf. ta'abbut, carry under one's arm C^jii laU ta'abbata sarran, proper name) throw (a garment) over the left shoulder ; viii. inf. ii'ibdt, stand quiet and in equilibrium, and, in opposition, be agitated; x. inf. isti'bdt, dig a trench so as to be narrow at

ing.

iW\ abzdz, nipples, teats,


f-'A

abzuli,

of^ with a hump on


pi.

bizz.

his

breast.

the top and wide at the bottom. JUm\ abtdl, heroes, pi. of JJ=} batal ; ibtdl, abolishing, abrogating annulling, repealing.

; ;

w^ t^^ abfah,
i.

t>^

Ut>

bathd', flat, flat-

tened. t>W^ ahtun, bellies, pi. of (^ hatn dbtina-t, pi. of yiV} Ja^jre. ij=i\ ibtiyy, -what is carried under the arm-pit. ^\ abzar, i. \^ bazrd', not circum-

eat herbs from thirst i. and ii. keep aloof from i. and v. abstain from women devote one's
; ; ;

self entirely to

cised.

abal, conbeat; dig a well; ii. inf. ta'bil, lament and praise the dead; also v. have or acquire many camels.
;

God

quer

jUj^ ib'dd, removing to a distance. *}\ a6'ad, more remote, far distant

J?^ ibl, ibil, (f.) pi. J}^ Jj\ ibl ubbal,


J'\j^
*^^

JU\ dbdl, camel'; roving camels

bad perishing pi. Jkc^S\ al-abd'id, strangers, no relatives.


;
;

J*^
;

awdbil,

numerous

ij>\

ab'ira-t, camels, pi. of j} ba'ir.

f_^\ii\

ibgdd,
db'gas, f.
;

hatred,

grudge,

in-

veterate enmity.

ii^\
*

^
.

camels a large, fructifying cloud aball, f h balld', pi. J> ball, strong not to be shaken unjust; who pays badly; smooth
;

bagsd', with

dark
h^

wetter.
ibid',

spots lion f a sandy place ; rabble. (jA*}^ ahgad, more or very much hated. ((3>^) I, INF. abq, abaq, ibdq, run away, escape (as a slave) v. INF. ta'abhuq, hide one's self abstain ((j.c 'an) refuse ; sin. dbiq, iji\ abaq, a kind of hemp pi. (3^ ubbaq, jW^ ubbdq, escaped
; ;

trial, visitation

wearing

out of clothing. (j-i^V iblds, being struck dumb with grief, despair, astonishment. t'^^ ibldg, conveying, sending, in-

forming; consummating, accomplishing arriving at the age of puberty. fh^ ibldm, being silent, silence.
;

(slave).

^^

ibqd',

preserving,
alive,

reserving,

keeping
nent.
gs>\

rendering permabaq'd',
;

^\ ablaj, f. baljd', pi. gl> bulj, shining, serene, bright-faoed ; clear and distinct ; with separated eye-brows.

abqa',

black) f year, (white partly fertile, partly not. J^^ ubqur, cows, pi. of ifi baqara-t. ^^\ abqa, more durable, comp. of bdqi; may Grod preserve ,_5W him IV. of ^^. (42l}\) abik. A, INF. abaJc, be fleshy. al}\ bukkdn, active, abbak, pi. severe and, active; destructive cruel. to cattle (as a season) ^^ ibkd', causing to weep. jUj\ abkdr, pi. of j^ bikr, q.v. ibkdr, early morning.
. ! .

^ and
i.

^\
spotted
ilj^

ablah, f

ablad,
;

brows
jl?^

^j^ balhd', stupid. with separated eyestout stupid.


.

ablag, ipore or

most
;

effectual

more
than.
ijl?^

eloquent
f.

(m.)

more
pi.

ablaq,

balqd',

^^.

bulq, spotted

(white and black),

piebald.
E;IWi\ iblililj,
<)Jj^

y^

distinctness.

ablah,

f.

balhd', pi. ik bulh,


;

foolish,

stupid
simple,

careless,

easy
arro-

going gant

bashful

bearing

hard work and

Uii} bakmd', pi. f^\ abkam, f. bvMin, dumb. a6i7, i, be numerous, (Jj\) dfeaZ, u, I, abil, rove and pasture freely INF. abal, abdla-t, have many
;

thirst (camel).
Ej^^ abhij, sugar-loaf, sugar-candy.

ij-^y
(ftl>^

iblis,

pi.

(j~-5^^

aJiiilis,

i~i\i\

camels, breed camels abl, uiml and v. inf. ta'abbul,


;

inf.

abdlisa-t, Satan, the Devil.

iblim,

ambergris
i,

honey.
;

((^^) aban, a,
II.

u, suspect

INF. ta'bin,

coagulate

blame and become


;

abin,
black

i.

and

;;

t>^

o^

(blood of a wound)

watch dead
;

ii. blame; lament and praise the ii. and v. inf. ta'ahbun,
;

vy^
abil

)i^
;

aba
Sji*}.

camel

ayyOb (patience), y\ abH ja'da-t


;

follow one's track. (j'A ihn, abn, between two proper banun, in pi. names bin, statu constr. band,, vulg. bani,

(curled hair), wolf, fox u-t^ ^^ hambas (stratagems), fox "r-ijy^ abil zanab (tail), comet,

&c.

abuwwa-t, paternity.

s^V^

Frequently used in comson. position, as fA y^. banu ddam, sabil, men J- 1\ (^\ ibn as-sabil, wanderer, wayfarer 4^- f*i (j^\
: ;

V^
i)^^
;

cibwdb, doors, pi. of >->^ bdb. abwd', cubits, ells, pi. of g^

bd'.

abwiba-t,

doors,

pi.

of

-jW

bdb.
t=jy^ ubiit, heat.

kam sana-t, son of how many years, how old ? u^\ (^\
ibn ibn nl-gimd, son of the scabbard, 6 ibna-t, pi. cy^\ sword, &c. ibndt, daughter ubna-t, pi.
;

uban, ubandt, knot larynx unnatural hatred disgrace


(j^\
; ; ;

vice.

ubud, continuance, duration. swift (horse). (3^\ abug, escaped (slave). ibbaul, Jy^ abill, troop, swarm pi. JjjW^ abdwil, troop of camels. (^^y abawiyy, paternal, fatherly ; ubuwiyya-t, (m.) paternity.
>>^\

uOjj\ abds,

1^^ ibnam, son. u->}^^ abnUs, abamls, ebony.


i-!-4^

((_5?^)

aba.

A,

I,

INF.

W^

ibd',

ibd'a-t,

abniya-t,

buildings, pi. of

bind', ,_5^ baniyy. (iSj^) abah, abih, inp. abh,

pay attention
exhort, call suspect to
;

to

remember, ii. remind


attention

abi, and its pass, ubi, from indigestion; iv. inf. i'6tt', refuse (with two ace); V. INF. ta'ahbi, the same (W> "i^

reject

have aversion

for, refuse,

suffer

one's
;

ale-hi sal' -an).


^ji^

v.
;

show pride,

turn from proudly splendour ubbaha-t,

dbha-t,
;

abiyy, who refuses from pride fastidious haughty abi (v>^


; ;

beauty

dbin), pi. dbiin, i^\ ubdt, ^\

ubd',

pride. <ju\}\ abahdt, fathers, mothers, pi. ibhdt, astonishment of ^\ abH perplexity. j^\ ibhdr, (m.) blinding, depriva;

the same ^S\ al-dbi, ubayy, little father s abiyya-t, she-camel, who refuses water or food ibya-t, retention of the milk ; ubiynbiyy, lion

J^^
f^\

tion of light. ibhdl, license


ling.

flattery

sprink-

ya-t, pride. ^W!^ abydt, verses, distichs, pi. of


"s-^ri

bait.

ibhdm, pi. ^W^ abdhim, ,*a^^ iv. abdhim, thumb, big toe of (^Oi ambiguity.
;

oWj^ abydn, refusing from disgust. s-;^ abib, month of Julv

^^
)i^

abham, pi. who cannot


barbarian. abi'i, gen.
pi. (^f^
^j>\

^ buhm, speak
;

^^
iji>\

abid, eternal.

buhum,

stranger,

ubairih, little Abraham. abis, swift (horse). (ji54\ abyad, f. Ujj baidd', pi. ^jio
(jait>\

abi,
V}'^

abiln,

ace. W\ abd, dbd', uaVai\ aba-

hid,

white

pure

sword

silver
;

y^j^^ abwdn, y^\ abdn, ancestor parent, in composition, master, possessor, y^>^aJ^ abn-'l-hufain as ^\ y^i^^ }>\ (small castle), fox

hdt, du.

father,

t/4jSl^^ abn-'l-abyad, milk ui.^\ (ji-}S\ al-maut al-abyad, sudden death ^^\ aJ\ al-yad aJ-baidd',
;

benefit, fair

power {ji=-3\ al-bid, the (women) (:}'^^'i\ al-'abyaddn, milk and water water and
;

abii-'l-yaqzdn (awakening), cock

bread.

; ;

;;

o>^

S\

^\

abyi'd',

buyers,

pi.

of

g-}

diousneas

capacity (of a place)


seal.

hayyi\
J*>^ abil, sad; monk; (;)-l-}S\ ahil al-abilin, Christ ; pi.

amplitude of meaning.

J^\

|,Lj\ ittisdm, token, sign

ubul,

small

heavy stick S camel abila-t,


;

Jj\ ubaila-t,

U\^\

ittisdf,

quality

description

praise.
Jl<\ ittisdl,

green
clear,

food. (i^\ abyan, evident.


law-suit)
fi\

more

distinct,

union adhesion; being connected attachment, neighbourhood.


; ;

(u^) att, V, get the better of (in a


;

^^\

ittidd',

humiliation,

abaseof s-> fatigue^

break the

skull.

ment.
i_^\ at'db, vexations, pi.
ta'b
;

\s\ Warn, giving birth to twins being double-barrelled.

it'db,

causing

^^\
(^\

itdha-t, decree of fate.

atdn, itdn, pi. yj^ utn, utun, dtun, UyU ma'tilnd', she-ass.

lassitude, vexation. y-U>\ Was, ruining, causing perdition.

2j^'\

itdwa-t, pi. i^^\ atil'wi, crops tribute present ; bribe.


;

tUj\

itti'dz,

yielding

to

remon-

strances.
ii'^\ ittifdq,

ii)^\

atdwih, deserts,
itb,

pi.

of

H^

tih.

yj^\ atdi, (m.) tea.


(s-5^)
pi. s->^1

cord,
dtdb, sj/^ utilb, sleeves.
;

harmony
;

alliance

agreement, union, concompact, league, conspiracy fortune,


; ;

chemise without s-^A atab, put on such a chemise II. ta'bit, dress a person with it pass., being made in shape of it
(dress) VIII. INF.
;

chance, accident

^S ittifdqiyy,

v.

inf.

ta'attub

and
the
itbd',

it'itdb,

put on
q.v.
;

chemise.
gWi^ atbd', pi. of

following or causing to follow ; attaining ittibd', following, obeying.


;

accidental, casual, fortuitous. ittiqd', piety, fear of God fear avoidance abstraction. (^^n5\ itqdn, fixing perfecting skilful arrangement ; ittiqdn, disquisition certifying.

W\

W"^

atqiyd', pious

men, devotees,
;

^\

pi. of ij" taqiyy. itkd', propping

ittikd',

lean-

ing against, reclining upon.

eW'^

ittijdj,

conflagration, heat.
ittijdr,

J^^
(Jj\)

ittikdl,

confidence, reliance.
I,

jW^
<i\=^\

itjdr,

traffic,

comunani-

atal,

INF. atl, ataldn,

itldl,

merce.
ittihdd,
;

union, concord

approach in anger y- min, be full of food and drink.


JJ\

mity
(=^\

identity.

utul,

for

i_W:\ ithdf,

presenting with.

atham=^

J\

^5
j\ps\

athamiyy,
ittihdz,
;

adham, black striped mate;

'iS\

J>j\

autal,

Jj^ wutul, pi. full of food

of

and

drink.
aid' causing to follow one an-

rial.

other
taking, adoption.
accepting,

continuation.

election

f\ attar, foryj wattar, see/j i^\f\ atrdJc, Turks, pi. of s)/


.

turlc.

jW
*J^

^y\
Sf\
gU\

atriba-t,

pi.

od

vV
^f\
;

i^'>'"-^>

S^\ atldd, inherited goods, pi. of jJj talad itldd, property under the law of prescription. itldf, causing ruin, destrucsquandering. tion, waste
;

earth, dust.
utruj,

(aj\)

atam, atim, inf. atm, burst


;

utrujj;

atrunj,

cut

remain behind or standing.


;

citron.
ittisd',

extension

commo-

atam, slowness, laziness proutm, utum, wild crastination

;;

^S\
al-dti,

;;

('

olive-tree
feet.
(U>\

atamm, more

per-

al-dtiya-t,
;

future

^J'i^

the

O'tiyy,

new comer
(of water, &c.).

completion, perfecconclusion. (yj^^) atan, i, halt, stop approach, step up to I. and iv., give birth, so that the child's feet come first ; buy a she-ass ; to
tion
; ; ;

itmdm,

sudden irruption
t)W>\ itydn, arrival.

ij-^\

atyas,

goatish

stubborn

come down from a horse


ass.

to

an

i^\ utn, utun, pi. of t}Vs\ atdn, sheass utun, stoves, pi. of a/\
;

stupid. ^\ atyah, wandering, straying. (ij\) ass, A, I, V, INF. asas, asdsa-t, us us, grow luxuriantly (grass, hair) ; have large thighs and ii. spread hips (a woman) ; v. be carpets, furnish (m.) ;

atun. is\ atah, isy\ atuh, panting of one who carries a burden. f\ff\ ithdm, causing to be suspected accusation. (yl) atd, u, INF. atw, itw, atwa-t, ltd', arrive (after a prosperous

furnished;
niently.

be

lodged

conve-

^1 isd', stone. ^'^\ isdba-t, retribution;

requital;

recovery.

^^\

furniture asds, household goods (comprising herds, slaves,


is'dr,

journey);
;

visit;

plentifully inf. itdwa-t, bribe. y\ atw, i atwa-t, station ; gift, present ; calamity, death ; quickness. ruin. \f^ itwd', atwdn, eager for presents. (j\f\ (^y\ atun, attiin, pi. uuVsy^ atilndt, yj\ ^ltun, (^^\ atdtin, stove, oven, furnace. (^^\) ata, I, INF. ity, uty, itydn, utydn, itydna-t, utydna-t, matdt,
itiyy, utiyy,

meet;

come

^&c.).
)^\

of J^ sa'r, pi. dsdr, retribution ; tracks, traces, pi. of f^ asar. t-*^'l asdf-in, ^_^^^ asu/i, pi. of
as'dr,
;

vengeance

^\

usfiyya-t. JU\ asdl, noble origin

and respect
asl,

dsdl,

pi.

authority of JiA

asla-t, root,
ft^\

isdl, pi. of aIjI &c. asdm, isdm, sin, guilt, punish-

tamarisk;

ment
ism ;
j^\

assdm, sinner.
;

dsdm,

sins,

pi.

of

^\

come with v> 6i,come with, bring, give, give birth ;


; ; ;

with ace, approach (a woman) punish begin, undertake happen ^J^ with J
;

li,

'ala,

come

over,
;

surprised

enemy the way


son
'ala)

inf. smooth agree with a perii.

destroy or killed
iii.

pass.,

be

by

one's

(^^'\ asdnin, Monday. isdwa-t, h'^\ isdya-t, information (to the judge). <jmUj\ asbdt, pi. of i-s-^ sdbat, truthful man, &c. ishdt, pi. isbdtdt, proof, demonstration ; reason ; confirmation.
;

ta'tiya-t,

(g>\), X.

^^^

ista'saj,

grow luxuri-

antly, entwine.
Aj\

^J'S

about a matter (^J^ be agreeable, favourable IV. drive towards, bring, give v. sucas a present reward ceed be ready, in good order VI. associate, prove one's self x. wish a good companion rut (shefor someone's arrival
(ace.)
;

Jir\ asjal, f. sajld', big-bellied. asd-in, \^'\ asdd', ^^\ asdi,

breasts, pi.

of

j^^ sady,

sidy,

sadan.
(f\}asar,v,i, inf. asr, take or choose for one's self; cover frequently

camel).
dti, (<M\

(camel) excite; forge (a sword) ; quote, cite asir, a, excel (^J^


; ;

'ala),

decide on

dt-in),

coming next

or

(j)\

an

;)

begin (with aor.


inf.
ta'sir,

ii,

leave

; ; ;


; ; ;

;^
traces, impress, make an impression (i^ji fi); III. INF. mu'dsara-t,
V. sin,
^

B^

prefer iv. inf. i'sdr, prefer, give precedence v. inf. ta'assur, also viir. inf. it'isdr, follow one's tracts ; vi. inf. ta'dsur, not admit of doubt x. inf. isti'sdr, claim for one's self.
; ;

and,
sin,
f,^'-\

by opposition,
sin, state
8

renounce
pi.

do penance.
dsdm,
;

^\ wm,
sin
;

dsim, sinner
^1
parts, pi. of
;

of isama-t,

pi. of asim, sinner. ;U>\ asmdr, fruits, pi. of samar.


fe)t^

aimdn, -~ eighth

prices, pi. of

saman;
;

sumn

f\ asr, pi. usilr,

splendour
;

undulating ground;
asar,
trace,
;

ismdn, being precious


'>*>\

value.

sign,

monuremains ment memoirs, sayings, tradition deeds isr, trace, /\ isr-a, prep, after, close behind
impression,
; ;

egotism
ii ;

ismid, usmud, antimony. aman, more, most, or very precious, dear. cy\ usun, for wusun, statues, idols. W1 asnd', fold; middle; interval
(:>*?i
;

asara-f, cboice, preference


isra-t,

isX! J \jj\
;

f\ hereditary merit mainder.


\f\ isrd',
.

usra-t,

pi.

selfishness usar, exploit

mention

re-

being rich riches. ff\ asram, f V-/ sarmd, toothless full of notches, blunt; shortened
; ;

while ; t)W\ isndni, f. isnatdni, sintdni, two ; in composition, isnd, vulg. isne, as (o^'l) ^'^ isnd (isne) 'a^ara, f. isnatd 'asrata, twelve (:)'s^'3^ yaumu-'l-isnaini, f)>
:

^i

asnd' zalik, meanisnd', praise, eulogy.


j-i

Monday.
^sjA asniya-t, praises, pi. of sand'. '^\ asd, u, INF. asw, isdwa-t, {f\) also ,_^'\ asa, i, inf. asy, isdya-t, accuse, calumniate (J^Jic &i ^ iJic
^=^1 'ale-hi or bi-hi 'inda ahad-in). >^\y\ aswdb, <'/^ aswub, cloths, &c., pi. of saub.

(foot in poetry).

JA as'al, f. sa'ld', having overgrown teeth. -A>\ asaf, I. follow, pursue seek, support, prop look for ii. pursue incessantly. W"^ asfiyd, i^\ usfiyya-t, pi. a^nf-in, asafi, prop of the pot. (Jj\) ami, I. INF. wsUl asul, inf. be of asdla-t, be firmly rooted
;

j\f\

ii. inf. ta'sil, origin; confer benefits increase (a.) v. inf. ta'and distinctions; assul, be firmly rooted ; increase (n.) acquire ; make provisions

noble

aswdr, pi. of saur, large piece of the cream-cheese U^ aqt, iqt. )f\ usur, traces, pi. of asar. Jy^ aswal, giddy (sheep) ; slow

stupid
ftif\

mad.

asilm, sinner, liar.


dsi,

yy\ asun^atun, furnace.


informer, spy. luxuriant, large; pi. asdyis, woman with large thighs and hips see (<^\) ass. }J\ asir, what bears traces, signs exquisite, excellent; intimate friend sky, ether. Jj>\ asil, belonging to the root, original firm of noble birth. f^\ asim, pi. isama-t, sinner, liar s asima-t, great criminal; great
(_5\

^i^X

asis,

dig (a well).
^^\
asl,

pi.
;

tamarisk
root,
rity
;

Jf\
;

usul,

J^l
;

dsdl,

S asla-t, pi. J^'^ i-^dl,

origin livelihood

family
;

autho;

provisions

utensils.
eIW\ isldj,

snowing.
;

^\

aslam, notchy, blunt shortened


a, u, inf. ism,
;

foot in poetry.

(^\) asam,

ma' asm,
sin,
;

deem

guilty asim, sin


;

sin

impute as a sin
ii.

accuse of

sinfulness. asin^=asil. {jq\) ajj, u, INF.


(js>^
XT, I,

ajij,

bam,
;

IV.

cause to

fall into sin

INF. ajj,

run

blaze charge, attack


;

;; ;

w^
(an

10
ajuj,

enemy)
salt
;

inf. ta'jij, kindle, inflame iv. inf. ijdj, make bitter or salt v. inf. it'ijdj, ta'ajjtij, and viii. inf. blaze ta'djuj, v., vi. inf. and VIII. be hot (day, weather) i ajja-t, heat, fire rebellion. * W^ aja', flee, take to flight ijd'a-t, bringing, procuring (s.). vW\ ijdb, i ijdba-t, (favourable) reply ; approval ; consenting complying with.
bitter,
;

inf.

be

wjW^ a
jubh.

h,

wells, &c., pi. of

v-^

ii.

;W^

ijMt, len ).
'jhdl,

compulsion, force, vio-

JW^
(:>-^

mountains,

pi. of

Jt^

jabal.
(j~<*^ ajbas,

weak, stupid. ajhun, i ajhina-t, foreheads, pl- of (;>*- jabin. M-^ ajbah, f. jabhd', pl. jubh, having a broad, fine forehead
;

al-ajbah, lion.
fi^\ ajbu', pl. of

s-^ jaV,

q.v.

sM
2^M
pi.

ujdj,
;

war)

bitter,
ajjdj,

salt

heat (of

W^^

ijtibd',

choice, election, selec-

burning.
ajdjir, roofs,

tion.
cijUs:=.\

ajdjira-t, je^W^

(jti^ds.

cutting

off,

tearing

of jVi-^ ijjdr. (;>4^W\ ajaj in, pi. of

out, rooting up.


aW-^

ijjdna-t,

j^jlx=.\

ijliddr,

surrounding with a
attraction.

cW^

ajdh,

ijdh,

ujdh,

veil

wall.
4

i_j^>ij^^ ijtizdb,
\j'^'\

ijdha-t, annihilation.

JjU\
oU.\

ajddil, pi. of
ijdda-t,

J^\

ajdal, q.v.

daring, boldness. c\r^^ ijtirdh, striving to get


ijtird',

(m.)

giving generously acting or speaking well excel;

doing wonders. ^f^\ ijtirdr, drawing, drawing up

lence (iv. of "J^).


^\^\

chewing the cud.


roof;
<-i^y^\
ijtirdf,

ijjdr, pi. ajdjir, ajdjira-t,

shovelling

away,

ajr i ijdra-t (iv. j^), protection, ajdra-t, ijdra-t, patronage;

djdr, rewards, pi. of }^\

digging.
ijtirdm, guilt, transgression, offence {^J^ 'ala, ij^ ila). \y^\ ijtizd', being contented with
f>t\y^\

ujdra-t,
tract.
Sj^.^

reward

rent, hire, con-

ijdza-t,

peitnission,
;

leave

(v> bi). j\j^\ ijtizdz,

mowing, math, swath

venia docendi diploma for it present completion of a verse. ijjds, plum ^J:>\=A ajds, cotton &i ijjdsiyya-t, soup of plums.
;

harvest
ya^_j:=.\
;

shearing. ijtisds, spying.


;

>^!iu=.\

ijtildb,

import (of

slaves,

goods).
gUi=.\ ijtimd', gathering, assembly, concourse, meeting social inter;

ixL\i^\

ijd'a-t,

causing
&c.,

to

hunger,
of

starving.

JM

djdl,

terms,
;

ajal, q.v.

pi.

J=-\

ijdla-t,
;

make a round
(,Vi}-\

causing to distribution all


pi.

course accumulation. Va^\ ijtind', gathering fruit


;

frui-

tion.
k^Ua:^\
ijtindb,

^M
ii\t).\

around. djdm, ijdm, bushes, Ac, *=-\ ajam djdm, frogs.


;

avoiding, shunning,
flight.

of

turning aside,

ajdiiih,

pi.

of

^,-.^-^

ujiiab,

q.v.
ijjdna-t, pi.
;

jVa^\ ijtihdd, zeal, solicitude, diligence, effort, exertion; perfection in the knowledge of law.

ajdjin,

urn

amof

vW^^
cW^^
tion

ijtiydb,

roaming

about a
destruc-

phora
.),V^

washing-tub.

country.
pi.

ajdioid,

HjW^ ajdwid,

ijtiydh, annihilation,
;

o\jv jawtttZ, q.v.

eradication.


V^^

; .; ;

;;

11

-\

jW^^

ijtiydss, passing on, passage journey to a distance.


;

Hagar
jarw,
salary
;

ajr-in,
;

q.v.

uaUl^fl.^ ijhdfdt, injuries


Aa!^^

insults.
;

ajhad,

poor

ajirra-t,
jarir
;

ajri, pi.

of

^ft-

ujra-t,

wages,

barren

ava-

pi.

of

j>)Ci-

straps, reins,
djura-t, djipi.
;

ricious.

ra-t, brick.

du. ajadddn, day ajdi, hegoats, pi. of ^J^ jady. \^\ ijdd', profiting, procuring of
;

^^

ajadd, new and night

^j'f-^

vjard',
;

ajd-in,

ajir

servants,

of ;-^\
of
^^yt-

ajrd',

bolder

pi.

jari', bold,

and of j^- jarw, voung

advantages

(s.).

v>W^

ijddb, sterility,

barrenness
ances-

beast of prey ; into circulation order.

ijrd', bringing execution of an

dryness. j^jk;^^ ajddd, grandfathers, tors, pi. of A,, jadd.


)\-^\ ijddr,

(j'^f^\ajrds, bells, pi. of u'yt- jars; ijrds, producing a sound, a

noise.

growing, budding.

f\fA

ajrdm,

pi.
;

vJ^^ ajdab, barren, waste ; f desert ; jadbd', ajdub, vices, pi. of '~>'>^ jadah. jj*^ ajdar, worthier, fitter, more

jaram,
fault.
0^/>-\

q.v.

of

fyt-

jirm and
crime,
;

ijrdm,

\;.i^ appropriate f. jadrd, scabby marked by small-pox. gJi^\ ajda', i. jadd', mutilated; alajda', the devil.
; ;

ajarrdni, men and genii ajrdn, basins, &c., pi. of (^j^jurn. ^rr'fA ajrah, pi. jurb, scabious kind of cucumber; f. jarbd', sky;
;

barren land; beautiful girl; ajriba-t, pi. of ^\f>- jardb and


jarib, q.v. ajrad, f. jardd', pi. jurd, naked,
;

Jjl5.\

ajdal, pi. ajddil,


lovely,

f.

jadld', pi.
;

'T^.fi-

judl,

handsome
jadld',

a kind

J;i^\

of

falcon;
;

woman
mail
; ;

fine,

strong

beautiful coat of

bitch.

J^i^\ ajzdl, stems, roots, pi. of ijzdl, cheering up. jizl (j^\) ajar, i, u, inf. ajr, ijdra-t,

J^

without vegetation pure (wine) complete (day, month). ijransam, fall head over I^>f^\
hairless
;
;

smooth

heels

adhere, stick

to.
(^\f>-

^fA

ajrina-t, fore-necks, pi. of

reward,
hire
ajr,

pay
let

hire,

work
;

for
ujur,

money
;

for inf.

jirdn. ^Oy=.^ ajrudi, beardless.

ajar,

(broken pass. broken bone


heal
;

be set and bone) set a


SJ^j

,^^\

ajri,

'i

ujira /i waladi-hi, inf. ii. died

bricks
; ;

his

^ fA son has

young beast

ajriya-t, pi. of }j^ jarw, of prey ; ijriyy,

ta'jir,

iii.
;

inf.

burn mu' djara-t,

hire

wages
;

slaves pay ; stipulate prostitute one's self (a


iv. inf. i'jdr, refor hire viii. inf. ask for reward, wages,
;
;

woman) ward let


it'ijdr,

jdr,
let.

presents, alms; hire ; burn

ijriyya-t, form, run, course ; shape ; natural disposition. ^.fA ajriyd', pi. ^^J=- youthful ; ijriyd', lan, course; proceeding; custom, habit form, shape ; natural disposition. ( w-\) X. j"i"Uw^ ista'jaz, lean with one's side against a cushion. \yA ajzd', parts, &c., pi. of ys- jaz'.
;

x. inf. bricks
;

isti'-

(m.)

pi. s

apothecary, chemist, drug-

gist.

^\

ajr, pi. ujur, djdr,

wages

reward

recompense,

gift, morning gift; ajur, ujur, ajur, pi. ajurun, brick ; ajar,

hire requital
;

y^yA
J^5.\

ijzdl,

ajzal, greater,
;

giving abundantly. more consider-

sore (beast of burden) able of great intellect.


^\

; ;

12

;;

1^

cyA ajzam,
effectual
;

more cutting more decided.

more

tant;
and
'^\ ajilld,

ii

^y^-jall,

ajsdd, bodies, pi. of -i^ jasad. (V.w<s.\ ajsdm, bodies, pi. of ,* jism. uV^ ajas's, of a harsb sound. *-^\ ajsd', pi. of {_r^jas', q.M. }^\ ajs'ar, hoarse, coughing. JUij.^ aj'dl, salaries, pensions, pi. of J*=)-ju'l. JUs-^ ijfdl, taking fright, running

jU^\

sion;
&c.

of ,^jaKl sublime, &c. ijld', emigration ; expulpi. of J-l=-_;aitZ, sublime,


ajilla-t, pi.

vl^^
u!W^

ajldb, pi., camel-dealers.

ijlds, causing, ordering, rebeing questing one to sit down seated or enthroned. Ji?-\ ajldl, housings, &c., pi. of J?jull magnificence, maijldl, jesty, grandeur, splendour, sub; ;

away. t)W\ ajfdn, eyelids, i^\ ajfala-t, ^_^\


rous troop. J^^ tj/iZ, shy
; ;

pi.

of iji^jafn.

limeness, reverence.

loftiness

honour

ajfala,

nume;

cW\

ajlah, bald on the forehead; without horns camel-litter.


;

male ostrich old woman far-carrying bow. ;^\ ijkdr, (m.) obtruding one's merchandise on a buyer. (J^^) ajal, I, tr, fix a term; delay, tarry prevent (cattle from pas;

ij^\

ajlas,

(m.) straighter, more


ajall.

direct.

Jl^\ ayZaZ=

J=5-^

g/^^
i^\

ijlanfa' (gj^), ajlah, without

be stout. horns with a


; ,

bring distress upon ; ((J* 'ala) ; bring good luck to (J li) one's people ; cure of a sore throat ajil, i, have a sore throat ; ii. tnp. ta'jil, fix a term to a person (ace), grant him a delay ir., iii. INF. mu'djala-t, prevent from cure of a sore throat collect water in a pond v. inf. ta'ajjid, have or attain a term assemble in due time gather in a herd ; collect (n.), as water ask for a term or delay x. INF. isti'jdl, ask for a delay. J^ ajal, pi. djdl, appointed time, fate, term destiny death al-djdl, hour of death ajal, indeed, no doubt, undoubtedly ; ajl, troop of buffaloes ajl, ijl, cause, reason, motive, sake min ajlak, li-ajlak, for thy sake min ajl an, because ijl, pi. djdl, sore throat djil, who grants a delay, who delays, what
turing)
;

high, bald fore-head. ,_5W^ ajla, i. jalwd' jalyd' brighter,


,

more

smoother resplendent serene beautiful with a high


; ;

forehead.

ajm, aj'im, be ajim, loathe get corrupted (as water) force one against his will it. inf. ijdm, disgust, inspire with aversion ; v. ta'ajjum, be excessively hot blaze be angry with {,Jb. 'ala) enter a thicket (lion). (^\ ajam, s ajma-i, pi. ujm, ujuni, ijdm, djdm, bush, thicket, wood;
((^\)
ajaTTh,

INF.
;

burning hot

refuge asylum vjitm, pi. djdm, castle, little fortress ajvi, heat, anger square house with roof ajamm, f. jamind', fleshy; smooth; without horns without battlements without a lance (horseman) unadorned (women) pudenda (of a woman). Uji>\ ijmd', assembly, collection unanimity, accordance in religious teaching shortening of a
; ; ;

is

postponed
future
;

al-djU,
;

the

life

i al-djila-t,

vjjal,

ijja

I,

vowel. JUij.\ ijmdl, collection, abridgment,

chamois

ajall, f . julla, greater,

compendium, summary,
sis
;

more

illustrious,

more impor-

treating

matter

synopin a

; ;

f^
general way, opposed to Je-w tafsil, treating in detail. 5**^ ajma', pi. ajma'un, i. jam'cV, pi. jum', all, universal, the whole. J*^\ ajmal, more beautiful, handsomer, better. ts*^^ ajamiyy, swampy, bushy. (t>is-^) ajan, i, u, a/m, a, inf. ajn,
ajan, ujun, change its taste and colour, get corrupted (as water) ; ajan, cleanse dirty linen, cloth, &c. djin, corrupted water 4 ajinna-t, pi. of i^-::^ janin, em-

13
>^^ ajwad,

VJ

t javdd' , ]i\. jM, more generous, more distinguished. )<p-\ aj'ilr, djilr, brick ,itjilr, setting of a broken bone rewards, &c.,
;

pi. of

^^

ajr.
'i

}^\ ajwaz,
jd'iz, q.v.
>-i)^\

ajwiza-t, pi.

of jlW

ajwaf, f. jaufd', pi. ji'if, concave, hollow (verb) ; spacious al-ajwaf, lion; al-ajwafdn, belly
;

and vagina.
ajwal, turning round more frequently; dusty. (^\ aj'um, cups, pi. of ^W jdm; ajilm, causing horror; abhorred, hateful. (:)^\ ajun, corrupted, foul (water) ajwan, white, and, by opposition, black red f jaund', sun blackened pot black camel. W^ ajydd, necks, pi. of ^-^ jid.

J^\

bryo

ajna-t, ijna-t, ujna-t, ; fullest part of the cheek.

(jW^ ajnds, kinds, sorts,


(j~-i^ jins.

pi.

of

>T->^^

ajndb, pi.
;

ajdnib, indocile,

disobedient also ^^ ajnabiyy, foreign, outlandish belonging


to another
'^'^^^
;

ii

ajniha-t, pi.

of

wSW\

ajydf,

dead bodies, carcasses,

jandb, q.v. gf^\ ajnuh, i ajniha-t, wings, pi. of jandh. >-i^\ ajnaf, declining from the right way; unjust; humpbacked. (;)-s=-\ ajnun, pi. of i^tJ^janin, embryo. **W^ ijhdd, stimulation. jW^ ijhdr, making public, publica-

pi. of iJh^ jifa-t.

C^

JW^
j-tl-

ajydl, generations, pi. of J-q.


_ _

'V|.\

ga^^ ajij, fire, flame. ajyad, f. jaidd',


jid,

pi.

jtid,

with
pi.
;

long,

well-shaped
servant
;

neck.

p=A

ajir,

ujard',

day

labourer
;

workman.

tion.
j8*^

ajhar, day- blind


;

handsome form nose and forehead


of
jahrd',
flat,

well made, white above


(horse),
f.

treeless

ground;

troop;
'j3=5-^

elite of

a tribe.

ajhiza-t, pi. of j^3=^ jahdz, q.v.

ajhal, more, most or very ignorant. ^j^\ ajha, bald, uncovered f jahwd', serene sky. j;\j=.\ ajwdh, pi. of tf^ j'uh, cloth. ajwdd, pi. of '^\)^ jawdd, S\f).\ noble. j\j=^\ ajwdr, neighbours, pi. of jW
J9=-^
; .

Ji^\ ajil, who grants delay, who delays assembled. zeal. l^ifA ajim, heat, fire ii. (g.^) ahh, V, INF. ahh, cough cough repeatedly, frequently. yijU\ ahdhis, Abyssinians, pi. of (ji~fs-\ ahbas. ii\^\ ihdm-t, digging up and exploration of the ground. j;U.\ uhdh, inner heat, thirst

anger
Sjat^'^

grief

alas

j_j^U\ ahdji, ahdjiyy, riddles, pi. of

uhjuwwa-t.

oUf uhdda, J^^ J^^ uhdda uhdda, dhild, pi. of by ones, single;

jdr.
T>ji5.\

ji=-^

ahad,
;

ajwah, more effective; more more advantato the purpose ajwiba-t, answers, geous ; replies, pi. of ^\j=t- jawdb.

alienation

one causing
pi.

ihdda-t,

estrange-

ment. (AojW\ ahddis,

of

ki-iJ^o-

hadis

and

i*}*^ hadusa-t, q.v.

; ;

u
SjU\ ihdza-t,
ing.
jjl=-^

14
i-jUsJi.^

*^^
ihtijdb,

quick driving, urg-

seclusion

retreat

taking the
5^^;^^^

veil.

ahdrir, pi. of j'- harr, heat. S)^\ ihdra-t, answer.

ihtijdj,

documentary proof

litigating.
(l.\i=^\

y^^
^_3~.M

ahdsin, pi. of
ahdsi,

(j

^^^

ahsan,

Middm,

handsomer, better.
draughts,
chase.
;

\Sx^\ ihtizd',
pi. of Sj~=.

great heat. putting on shoes.

^\^>
j^;^\
(_^\y:=\

haswa-t.
iA.Vc\ ihdsa-t,

being ^f;>'7) cautiousness, t^hraz rd. ^^ ^j^g.g ^


intiras )

itW\ ihdta-t, surrounding comprehension, ing


;

invest-

concep-

tion.

J\y^\ ihtirdq, conflagration, burning being consumed tarnishing strong desire.


; ; ;

tW\ ahdzz,

pi. of t=^ hazz, q.v.

^U\

ahdfir,

wells,

pi.

of

(>\f^\

ihtirdm,
ihtizdn,
^^

veneration,

rever-

hafr,

ence.
;^\-y!s.\

hafar.

sadness,

sorrowful-

iiU^ ihdha-t, weaving impression (made by a speech, &c.). iJW ihdla-t, change conversion to transfer (of a bill of Islam
; ;
;

ness.

change) bill of change cheque improbability absurdity. ahdlil, pi. of J<1=-^ Mil, JJW.^
;
;

computation, estimating opinion supposition. molLiji:u\ ihtisdm, bashfulness desty reverence.


ihtisdb,
;

reckoning

^\.ai^\

ihtisdd, harvest, crops.


ihtitdt,
;

penis.

yLiss.\ ihtiddn,

yVA
q.v.

ahdmir,

pi.

of

j*^\

ahmar,

\:,\i,ii^\

ment
;

embrace. degradation, abasecontempt abatement of


;

yU\ ahhdn,

hater, hateful furious. (^U.\ ahdyin, pi. of y-!=. hin, mo-

price.
*i^^\
j\i>i^\
jVftS=>\

ihtifa,

being bare-foot.

ment, &c.

ihtifdd, zeal, quickness.


ihtifdr,

^=-^ ahabb, dearer, more agreeable, comp. of ^r-a- habib.


W=^\

digging

^out,

excava-

tion.
tVax=>\ ihtifnz,

ahld',
;

favourites,
i

pi.

of

W=-

preserving

guarding

ahibbd, haba' ._jU^^ ahbdb, pi.


friend.

ahibba-t,

and
habib,

against.
JU;te.\ ihtifdl,

of

s-tk^

jUs=^^ ihtiqdr,

j\^
iji~t^\

ahbdr,

Hebrew
;

doctors, pon-

(jVais.\

solemnity pomp. being despised. ihtiqdn, dysury administer; ;

tiffs,

scribes, pi. of

ahbds, loud

ahbas, uhbus,

y^

habr.

ing a clyster, syringing.


jUji..\

ihtikdr,
it

pi. (jijU^ ahdbis,

Abyssinian.

sell

at

hoarding grain, to high prices mono;

^y^\ ahbal, Mil, uhbul, bean. (;j^>=.\ ahban, dropsical.

(^^>;^^

ihtikdm, authority over (^J^

J^f^ ahbus, pi. ahiibis, troop composed of members of different


tribes.

'aZa).
i_ji;t\ ihtildb,
f,\xa.\

milking.
;

^p:^\ uhbvl, snare.


Uc>\ ihtd',

'i

uhbnla-t, hunting-net,

dreaming wet dreams; getting of full age.


ihtildm, ihtimd', taking
bi)
;

U:i=.\
;

sowing

fastening.

(_

refuge with abstaining from (y.*

ab=.\ ahtdt, pi. of li-^ hatt, q.v.


(_^^jb.\

min).
JUic^\ Udimdl, patience, suffering patiently possibility proba; ;

ihtibds,

retaining
;

confin-

ing

imprisoning

keeping cap-

tive.

bility

supposition

danger.

15

; .

r^\
\f!a.\

a
rumour, news, information
narrative.
;

ihtiwd', collection

contents

tale,

comprising.
gUja.^ ihtiydj,

want

having need
siege,

vJ;^
ii'^j'^=^^

of

indigence.
ihtiydt,
;

t\,jfc.\

investing,
;

jj.iss\

ihdaudah, xii. of -v. ihdaudaq, xii. of JJi=> q.v. uhdur, steep precipice.

v^

blockade
tion.

caution

circumspec;

Sj^

uhduwwa-t, melody of a camel-

JUiB.\
iijVSo.\

ihtiydl,
;

stratagem

fraud

driver. ^^icA ahadiyy,

unique
;

sagacity

art of living. ihsds, instigation, spurring


pi.

on, urging. jV^s-\ ahjdr, stones, hajar.


(V^=>\

of

j^!=-

of i=.\ ahad 6 ahadiyya-t, oneness, unity uniqueness uhdiyya-t, melody of a cameldriver.


;
;

ihda,

w>VoAs.\

ihdibdh,

being

hump-

i^=-\

ihjdm, cupping. ahijja-t, pi. of


uhjutvwa-t,

backed.
e^s=-

hajdj,

h^^
}''\

IT6j^o.\
"S-ff^sS"^

pi. ahdj-in, ahdji,

uhjiyya-t, ahdjiyy, riddle,

\f^\

ahziya-t, shoes, pi. of ^is- hizd'. aharr, hotter, hottest, very hot. ahrd', pi. of har-in, ^f hari,

worthy,
j\f^\
j^;=>\

fit.

enigma.
(J^\) ahad,
f.

ihda, pi. dhdd, uhddn,


;

aMdiln, one someone, somebody


al-dhdd, the units (1 to 9) i*^ !^'i\ yaum al-ahad, Sunday inf. ta'hid, profess II. ahhad, make that there is one G-od add one one out of two v. inf. ta'ahhud, separate one's seclude; self, viii. inf. it'iunite the same (m.) hdd, inf. isii'identical x. Ije
; ;

ahrdr, pi. of hurr, free, &c. ahrdz, pi. of )f- hirz, q.v. ihrdz, watching over, surveil;

lance
J^j''^
c'^f'^

solicitude.

ihrdq, kindling, setting

ahrdm,, pi. of

f>f;

l*>.)^

harim, q.v.
;

on fire. haram, and


f>\f^\

ihrdm,

time during which certain things are forbidden excommunication, interdiction anathema,
S;=-\

(m.) disinheriting. ahraj, narrower, comp. of e/^

devote hdd, seclude one's self one's self entirely to (v hi) ahadd, more, most or very acute, sharp, cutting, vehement fierce with sharp teeth (wolf). iij\jk=>\ ahdds, pi. of ii3A=> hadas
; ; ; ;

harij.

ahras, very old. ahras, rough to the touch ; a coin a kind of lizard. ^f-\ ahmf, letters, pi. of -*;=^J^>J''^

^J''f^

and

A<j.i=.
;

kadis, q.v.
;

ihdds,

harf.

IW^^ ihrinjdm, crowd,


harjani.
<-a-*jj:^^

see

f^f-

innovation. creation invention ^3W\ ahddq, pupils, eye-balls, pi. ihddq, of L.'i^^ hadaqa-t blockade. y\.i=.\ uhddn, see -is"^ ahad.
;

ihrans'af,
evil.

be ready to anger,

to
jii'}^\

do

arched; f hadbd', pi. hudb, misfortune she-camel. difficulty jJb^\ ahdar, squinting with slender hips (horse). Ja=.^ ahdal, f. hadld', pi. hudul, wry, oblique left-handed (ams_jje.\
.

ahdab,

hump-baoked

ihranfaz, gather, assemble (n.). ahra, more appropriate more better, best worthy ^Sjf ^ r*^ kam ahra, how much the more. '^.fA ahriyiV, pi. of <^y^hari-y, q.v.
^f~\
; ; ;

v>\)=-l

ahzdb, troops, &c., pi. of

s-^s^

hizb.
(t\jrA

ihzdm, ahzdin, companions; bridling, loading a beast of bur-

iiyiB\

bidexter). uhdusa-t, pi. i4-jJ^\ ahddis,

(^\^^\

den. ahzdn,

sorrows, &c.,

pi.

of

16
ihzdn, grieving, Oj-^ huzn causing to be sad-. ahzir, f. haznV, sour (milk, )-f-\
;

JUb-^

ihqdq,

getting the better of


;

an adversary in a law- suit tainty, knowing for certain.


ahqdl,
pi.

cer-

wine).

of

^lj>^

haqla-t,

u-U^\
y\

ihsds,

perception
benefit,

by

the

colic.

senses.

jSbA

=^\

ihsdn,
;

beneficence

favour
"T-

present

kindness

courtesy.
''^

ahqar, more, most, or very despised, viler, meaner, lower poorer, humbler. J^^^ ihJcdl, abstruseness, confu-

much

ahsab, more,
;

mucb esteemed
tute
;

most or very a good substi-

sion.

leprous. (}~^ ahsan, pi. (^'i=\ ahdsin, more, most or very beautiful, hand-

some

better, best.
pi. of

**="^ ahsiya-t, draughts,


haswa-t.
^-i^^

iy~^
'^-i^

ahhdm, judgments, &c., pi. of ihkdm, ordainhukm ing, arrangement, institution. i^\ f>^\ ahkam, wiser, wisest y-*flaJ^ ahkam al-hdkimin, lord chief justice God.
I,\^\

f^

^)^\
intestines, pi. of

uhkuma-f, judges.

ahs'd',

ha.s-an.
ij!>\'i-=-\

ihsds,

mowing

of grass.

ahsdm, retinue. l*-i^\ ahsam, very timid, bashful. \ms.\ ihsd', counting, reckoning comprehending, expressing, def,\A^\
;

h%^\ ihldba-f, milk. J^\ ihldl, causing to stop, to halt permission. also pi. of ahldm, bodies f'i='\ huhn, hilm, mildness, dream, and f-l=- halim, mild,

gentle.

scribing
iyx:Ji
(;>-=>^

skill.
j--a=>

li^\
hasir, q.v.
;

uhlnfa-t, oath.
f.

ahsira-t, pi. of

ahsan,

f.

hasnd\ chaste
pi.

tj^\ ahla,

halwd', sweeter; (m.)


penis.
,

handsomer, better.
J-l=-^ ihlil, pi. ahdlil,

ahsina-f,

horses,

of

(jL-a=.

arrow-heads, lances. jU=..\ ihddr, producing, causing to summoning callbe present ing preparing, making ready. yU=.\ ahddn, sides, pi. of y.-ss
hisdn
;

^\ ahamm,

f.

hamma'
;

pi.

hnmm,
;

hidn.
&-==-!

ahidda-t, lowest parts, &c., pi. of (j64-s=- hadid, q.v.


.

white, and, by opposition, black nearer related shaft of an arrow. U=^^ a/n((', pi. of f^ ham,f*^/iamu, ihmd', annealfather-in-law ing, causing iron to glow ahimmd', pi. of ^. * o haniim, q.v.
;

ahtab, f hatbd', very thin miserable. hazz, q.v. ahuzz, pi. of Uis-\ ih:d', protection. ii!=-\ ahiffa-t, pi. of ^\l^ hifdf, q.v. ^J^\ ahaqq, worthier, worthiest ahq-in, for fitter tor (v H) j_3n^^ a/tqi, pi. of haqw, q.v. \SsA ahiqqd', pi. of ij-jiis. haqiq ahqd', pi. of ja=> haqw, q.v. jVSc^\ ahqdd, pi. of ^5=' haqad, hatred, rancour deep grudge ihqdd, instigation to hatred.
;

y^a^\

(_^U=-\

ihmds, roasting
;

meat

in

stove

irritating.

^
;

JU=>^ ahmdl, pi. of J-w* haml, Mini, hanial, q.v. (W>\ ihnuhn, heating of water, heating.
.:ui^\

ahmad, more, most or very

praiseworthy.
j*^\

ahmar, f. hamrd', red; pi. ahdmdr, red by nature; pi. hvmr, humrdii,, painted red; al-ahma-

)Vac.\

ihqdr, contempt.

jW\

ahqdq,

pi.

of

ise-

huqqa-t, q.v.

and wine v*=^S^ cd^\ al-mavt al-ahinar, violent death hamrd', heat of mid-day S ahmira-t, asses, pi. of jUc> himdr.
rdii, flesh
;


.\

;;

17
tS^^

U.<

j'/*=-^

ikmirdr,
(s.).

reddening, blush-

ing

ahwa, f. hawwd', pi. Awtow, dark green, black ruddy-lipped

csr*^^ ahmari-y, red. )*^\ ahmaz, firmer, stronger.


U>*=^^

ts^^

ahwiya-t, tents,

pi.

of

\j=-

Aiwa'.
((jr>l)

ahmas, f. hamsd', pi. hums, ahdmis, strong, firm persevering; hard; al-ahdmis, ca;

aMa, ir. cough, see c^ ahayy, more alive.


pi.

^^^ ahyd',
&c.,
;

lamity.
i^*^\

and of

of hayy, living, Uo. Aa^/a, parts of a

t^

ahmaq, f. hamqd', pi. humuq, himdq, hamqa, hamdqa, hwmdqa,


stupid, foolish, dull, ignorant (m.) easily provoked anger.

ihyd, bringing recalling to life, saving the life refreshing, animating. t)W^ ahydn, times, epochs, pi. of
;

woman womb
to
life,
;

&ij*:^\

uhmuqa-t, very foolish, very

(:><=^

hm.

stupid.
(c:>='^)

J=-\ ahyal,

ahin, a, ((j^ 'ala);

grow angry

hate

^s^^

ihna-t, pi. ihan,

anger, inveterate ahinna-t, pi. of hinnin, q.v. ^^ ahnd, vulg. we


;

grudge;
t>~ic-

of

ahyiya-t, hayd'.

more cunning. wombs, pi. of

W=.

fe\

hanin,
pi.

ahnd',

aA, brother; ah, ahhu, interjection of disgust ah, ih, call for the camel to kneel down ;
;

*M)

ihh, dirt.

f>^ hinw, q.v. tuo\ ihndt, being ripe (corn) ; embalming death. <-4-^i ahnaf, f. hanfd', having the
;

W.\ ihd',

brotherhood

friendship,

^^\

ihdba-t, fraud, deceit.

^^^

feet turned inside al-hanfd', sea-tortoise bow razor a kind of fish chameleon name of a
; ; ; ; ; ;

ahdbir, informations, &c., pi. hahar. gjU\ ahddi', pi. of gJ^\ ahda', carotid.

of

ft-

^jW
q.v.
jjjU.^

ahddid,

pi.

of

>jJ>i'f

ahdud,
pi.

celebrated mare.

i>^^^ ahwdd, cisterns, &c., pi. of ij=^=' hand. i^f^ ahwdl, pi. of J^ hdl, state, &c., and of Jj=^ haul, year i!^\fS ahwdla-hu, all around him.
;

ahddir, curtains,
ahdz, sjU.\
ihdza-t,

Ac,
pi.

of

j-ii hidr, q.v.

J^^

mAmz,

vj="^
6j=-\

ahwab, sinner, criminal. ahwaj, more in want of


i.

pond, fish-pond, horse- pond handle land taken possession of feudal tenure,
;

(,_5!^

gjj^^

ahurij,
pi.

revenues, expenses,
harj, hurj, q.v.
pi.

i7a).
jy=^\

Ac,
(.s-^^^

of

BJ'S-

haura, pi. Mr, with large eyes of intense white and black y^s*'^ j^ huru-'l-'uyun, persons with beautiful eyes houris prudence the planet

ahwar,
;

ahdsi,
pi.

odds,

of

"U-ii.

has-an.

}^^\ ahddir,
&c., q.v.

of j-^\ ahdar, green,

(J*^\

ahdqiq, clefts, pi. of

,j^\

Jupiter.
)f^\

ahwaz, f hauzd', also ^^ ahwaziyy, active, acting prudently, always


;
;

ready black. ahwas, bold, brave wolf. ij'f^ ahivas, with one eye smaller than the other. squintahwal, f. hauld', Jj='\
ij-j=-^

uhquq, ^3s&i^ ihqiq, *3^\ ihdla-t, imagination. M^^ ahdlit, complicated matters or things, pi. of 6^^\ uhluta-t. SjU.\ ihdwa-t, brotherhood. iS}^^ ahdivi, WW.\ ahdyd, pi. of

^^

ahya-t, q.v.

^U.\ ahdyir, pi. of


excellent.

;!S.

AaiV,

good,

eyed.
^JSjo.^ ihtoildl,

squinting.

JjW

ahdyil, pi. of Jfli^ ahyal, q.v,

;;


18
discrepancy
diction.
j;ixi.\

;;

-r^\

^\
;

W^^ ihhd', extinguisliing pitching a tent.


;

(a.);

resistance

contra-

jW^\ ahhdr, information, &c., pi. of j*^ !i<M)ar ihhdr, giving news, giving information. (4)Wi^\ aJiMriyy, chronicler, who

ihtildj, confusion, disorder disturbance, tumult. jU-ii.\ ihtiindr, fermentation. j\^^ ihtindq, choking, suffoca-

^^i ahhas,

hands down traditions. more or most impure al-a/ibasdn, urine and faeces
;

tion.
;

\y^\ ihtiwd', emptiness.

^j^
jljii.\

sleeplessness foul breath. p^^ akbar, better or best informed more experienced. J*^^ ahbal, mad, possessed (by a

uhtiyy, sisterly. ihtiydr, choice, election


;

will

aged
;

free

j^

Miydriyy, of
;

demon). *^1 ahhiya-t, small tents of cameltair, &c., pi. of W^ hihd\ q.v. ^^^ uht (for uhwa-t), pi. ahawdt,
sister.

free will, voluntary with premeditation h al-ihtiydriyya-t, the ancients, people of old. yoUsc.^ ihtiydd, dipping, diving. JV^^ ihtiydl, walking with a proud step, strutting haughtiness.
;

t)W^'=-^

W^^

ihtibi?,

concealment;

hiding

/t^

ihtiydn, treason, treachery. afjsam, with a flat nose with; ; ;

one's self. _)M^' ihtihdr, experience. t^si-1 ihlihdt, confusion; strife. |,Usc.\ ihiii,l/ifn^ completion, end, conclusion.
yuss.! ihfifihi, bein<j circumcised.

out smell lion broad sword. (jW\ ahddn, friends, comrades, pi.
of (j-ii hidn.

g\x^\

Uitidd', fraud, deceit.


;

^f^\
^^^^
jWc.^

ihfirn', invention, discovery contrivance, artifice.

ahdab, big and stuj)id obstinate inflicting large wounds. jj^\ ahdar, dark, obscure ^S ^dariyy, wild ass. ^si.\ ahda', more or most deceitful, crafty, cunning more concealed
-r>'>^\
; ; ;

'^^'i-^ ihti.sd',

fear.

pi. aJiddi', carotid.

ihfisd,

being

gelded,

cas-

'^^

ahidda-t, pi. of

-i^

hadd, track,

trated.
ihtisdr,

&c., q.v.

abridgement, comcalling

Ojji.\

pendium.
(_ioUs=.\

mark
;

uhdild, pi. ahud'td, furrow of a blow (m.) a heavy


;

ihtisds, particular

distinction
f,\^iiA

close

attachment

blow. (^^^) ahaz,v,

devoteduess.
ihfisdm, dispute, quarrel. k^UiSi\ ihtitilb, preaching, sermon

IT/IF. ahZjta' /id:, receiYe, accept, take, seize derive (gram;

betrothal.
<_Uisi.^ ihtitdf,
;

carrying

off,

abduc;

tion violence. ^li^ ihtifd', concealing one's self


S^ii-^

hear or learn from (y-* mill) yield to remonstrances come suddenly upon, (s-* 60 surprise punish begin, set out lead to (a road) aMz,
matically)
; ;

absconding. ihtild', retirement, seclusion. 5!Ui.\ ihtildj, confusion, agitation, excitement trembling. (j;bi\ ihtilits, snatching off, pickpocketing. ti;^\ ihlihlt, mixture confusion
; ;

INF. ahaz, suffer from indigestion become furious (camel) ; water (eyes); ahu:, inf. uM:a-t, turn sour (milk) ii. iSF.ta'hi:,
; ;

seize,

take

sour

cause milk to turn III. INF. mu\iha:a-t,


;

chastise,

commerce, intercourse.
^\sj\
ihtildf,

discord

difference

viii. inf. for one's self and take possession of associate with; prepare for one's use
ii'ihdz, chotise
;

punish;


A:^\

; ;

; ;

19
echpless

u.\

come to close quarters INF. isti'hdz, take possesssion of drop one's head submit to the will of God. ^\ ahz, taking, (j=t*j ^\ ahz wa qabd, receivings, revenue ^\

(foodj
X.

al-harsd, misfortune

cloud
i'Aji.\

without
pi.

thunder

and

lightning.

ahrim-t,
ahrifa-t,

mark (by branding)


&i,i\

of Ji^f- hard^, of a camel. sheep, pi. of tJj;i

aA? wa masraf, revenue and expenditure punishment custom, habit ihz, mark made by branding (for an amulet) dhiz, with watering eyes, bleareyed uhuz, watering of the eyes, being blear-eyed pi. of
'-*/^J
;

huruf. sif-\ ahraq, f harqd', pi. hurq, awkward, stupid; f. violent wind, plain exposed to the wind. (j-Uyi.^ ihriminds, silence, see t/~*j*.

harmas, (J^f- harnias.


^J^y^\ ihrimbaq, i,^j^\ ihrimfaq, see (J?ji harbaq. iS}/^ uhrawiyy, referring to the

JU.\

uhza-t,
elixir,

pond, &c. stratagem love-charm, amulet dhiza-t, torpor,

ihdza-t,

torpidity.
(j^^)

uhur, end, what is last uhur-an, min uhur-in, behind,

from behind
uhraf,

uhrdt
;

vulg. aharin, other, second

lastly ; dhar, f. (l\^\), pi. uhar, ahdra, other, ant^f^^j


'j^'

future life. ij^ dhiriyy, ihiriyy, uhriyy, last uhra, f of f'\ dhar, another. ahzam, male snake. f-/'\ ii)i-\ ahizza-t, hares, pi. of j^i- hazaz,

y-is-\

ahass,

viler,

vilest

meaner,

meanest, comp. of
^~i.\

u-^-^-^ hasis.

tdrat-

ahsar,

who
f.
;

loses

or spends

at one time and another ; al-uhra, life eternal pi. uhar, uhraydt, last parts,
iihra,

an wa

much.
^A.is.\ ahs'ah,
0-i<i.\

to the touch
hus'un,

hasbd', hard, severe.

rough

rows; dhir, f. i last, remotest absent concealed pi. awdhir, end, termination j4-\j\
last
; ; ;

ahsan, f. hamd', pi. hum, hard, rough, rude ; diffior attack cult of approach
ahis's'a-t,

(gram.) ; >i/-\ ^J\ ila dhiri-hi, abbreviated ^\ , to the end, and the so on, al-dhira-t, &c. future life day of judgment ; ahhar, ii. inf. ta'hlr, cause a delay also v. inf. ta'ahhur
; ; ;

lean.
SJi^\
pi.

wooden ring
camel.
^_^S:^^\

of jSiLii hasd^, for the nose of a

ahsa,

more or most timid

a dangerous place.
ahass, more particular, more private, comp. of (ja=i- hasis. (j^\ ahsun, small axes, pi. of ^^^-a*yffi5.\

X. inf. isti'hdr, remain beiii. hind, delay, come last INF. mu'dhara-t, delay, postpone, adjourn. ihrdb, destruction, ruin. >^\f-\ o\ji.^ ihrdd, bashful silence.
;

and

hasin.

j^

ahdar,
;

f.

hadrd',

pi.

hudr,

Q\ys^

ihrdj,

producing,
;

'drawing

sally. forth, bringing out ^yi.\ ahrah, f. hurbd', more devasi ahritated pierced (ear)
; ;

of dark colour, grey, green (m.) fresh, vigorous black al-ahdar, the dark palm- tree sky crowd of men, f night
;

army

pi.

al-ahddir,

gold,

ha-t, ruins, pi. of


gji.\

ahraj,
;

white
y..6-\

f.

v^/^ hardb. hurjd', black and


pi.

wine and flesh (meat). g^i-\ ahda', more, most or very submissive. ahdaf, a kind of snake. erring, committing Uss.^ ihid',
i.Jui.\

ahrija-t,

of

tf-

harj, q.v.

ahras,

f.
;

karsd', pi. hurs, hur-

sdn,

dumb

soundless, noiseless,

fault.

; ;

u\
jlti.\

20
hatar, danger,

^^
^J^\ ahlas, more or most sincere
purer, purest.
U>U.\
ahlaf, left-handed; walking with difficulty; stupid; squintstream eyed more deceitful
; ; ;

risk,

ahtdr, pi. of and of

of
klLs.^

camels; ihtdr, causing to recollect.


ahtat, lines,
t=i.

^^

hiir, large

troop remind,

strokes,

Ac,

pi.

^W

of

hatt.
;

ahtah, of dirt colour ; striped tattooed.

snake. (3li-\ ahlaq, even,


fitter,

smooth

poor,

worthier (comp. of

i3^

>-4l=i-\ a;^.^a/,

with a slender waist. Jl=i-\ ahtal, f hatld', pi. hutul, with flabby ears, breasts vulgar talker; Ji=i5-S^ y\ abu-l-ahtal, horse, mule. (!=s-\ ahtam, with a long nose,
.

haliq). ityii\ uhluta-t, pi. ahdl'a, complica-

tion, anything complicated. (jl-shaliyy, UU.\ ahliyd, pi. of

empty,
5-ii\ ihlij,

free, &c., q.v.


fine,

swift horse
fifth

rhuof

trunk, beak. Ui.^ t'^/d', hiding, concealing, suppressing. jVie.\ iA/iJr, protection, escort.
^\ai.\

barb.
^J.X^^
i,/-*^
ij*s.\

ahmds, hums.

parts,

pi.

ahfdf, pi. of

wfii.

huff,

hoof
the
\

of

the

camel

foot

of

of

ahmira-t, veils, head-gears, pi. jW- himdr. .s.\ ahmisd', fifth parts, pi. of
;j**:^**-

ostrich.

haniis.

^\a!A ikfdq, failure ; distress. (ji.ii.\ ahfas, day-blind.


iJ>^\ ahfiya-l, coverings, veils, hidden things, pi. of Ui- hifd'.
yjUi.^

ahqdq, clefts, rents in the ground, pi. of (J^ haqq. ^i^^ uhquq, (3s^\ ikqiq, pi. ahdqiq, cleft, rent in the ground. S ahall, poorer, very poor J6.\
;

ahilla-t,

pi.

bard, and

of ili hilla-t, scabof Jlii hildl, tooth-

pick, &c., q.v.


ahld',
pi.

ahilld',
halil.

of jli AiZw, q.v. ; friends, pi. of JtMclaws,


pi.

pi. ahdmis, middle of with a waist the sole foot slim waist. i^\ ahann, pi. i^ hunn, who speaks through the nose. al-ahnas, ij-j.^\ ahnas, flat-nosed f al-hansd, wild cow. lion ^^\ ahinna, striped material coarse linen. ahw, ahu, pi. ahun, ahd', dhd', ahwa-t, ihwa-t, uhwa-t, uhuww, uhuwwa-t, ihwdti, uhwdn, brocompanion the like of ther }i.\ aM-'l-maut, sleep uiif*i\

yo*^\ ahmas,
;

^*ji3\

y.1

ahu-'l-hair,

evil

V>Si^^
hilh.

ahldb,

of

^-M.

uhuwwa-t, brotherhood.
(ysA) W.^ ahd, u,

yj>%i'\ ihlds,

candour, sincerity, probity, true friendship correction emendation.


; ;

t.!ii.\

al}ldt,

mixtures, humours, &c.,

pi. of

1=1^ hilt.

wi^\ ahldf, a breach of contract,


&c., pi. of <-ili hulf.
^i'iii^

pi.

ahldq, qualities, manners, &c., of (jli hulq ; ihldq, being

(1 pret. ahau-tu, ahai-tu) inf. uhuwwa-t, be brother or as a brother ; iii. ihd', ihdwa-t, mu'dhdt, become one's fraternise, brother make friends with (ace.) be fit for (J li) V. prove one's self a brother to, fit for ; vi. establish brotherhood between one another.

\j^\

ahawdt, sisters,

pi.

of

u:.si\

worn out

shame.
of J*,
hill.

JW

uht.

aJildl, friends, pi.

gU.^ ahla^, rope.

J\j^\ ahwdl, pi. of nal uncle.

J^

hdl,

mater-


y.\

; ;

; ;

21
pi.

SJj\

t)\^\

ahwdn, brothers,
;

ahu
i'^\

ihwdn,
;

of

^\
hilt,

suddenly

v.

inf.

ta'addud,

table, tray.
pi.

become
A

violent, get worse.

ahwat, (ni.) stupid mad.

hutdn,
yt^

j^\

aMr,

stable

)}^\

mir
the
\>A

add, idd, pi. iddd, idda-t, pi. idad, power, victory calamity udd, power, victory.

ahur, equerry, horse.


<_l^\

master

of

ahwaf, timorous.

more,

most,

very

add, paying, requital fulfilling ' addt, a duty manner, tone pi. adawdt, tool, utensil particle (gram.)
;

&^\

ahwila-t, pi. of JU. Ml, maternal uncle. ^^\ ahwina-t, tables, trays, pi. of

'^\'A dddh, civilities, &c., pi. of v"^^

^U\

adab. uddbir,

who

turns away and

y\^
^^)i^

hiwan, huwdn.
;

ahawiyy, brotherly
fraternity,
ii.

wiyya-t,
tion.
^_^\

6 uhucongrega-

will not listen.

oW\ adoA, power, victory


pi.
j\j\

iddd,

of

add, see above.


(a.

afiha,

make a noose
up a
of

addr,

volving

March and
;

6
;

n.)
;

iddra-t, recircuit of a

ahiyya-t, pi.

ahdwi, ahdyd, peg

or line to tie
jLi.\

ahydr,

pi.

horse.
hair, good.

magistrate, &c. administration prefecture district. ^\>A uddf, penis ear.


;

i_^Us.\

ahyds,

pi.

of ^As^ haU, can-

4j\j^ iddla-t, victory.


I\j\

vas. i_jLi\ ahydf,


;

people of different of the same mother, lineage but another father.

JW^\ ahydl, horses, pi. of


s-*^^

Ji^

hail.

ahyab, wrong (way). jui\ ahiz, prisoner. yeiA ahyar, better, best ;
last.

addni, reconcilement; iddm, uduni, dddm, ddima-t, bydish, as vegetables, &c. ; leader dddm, pi. of ^o\ consenting adddm, manufacadim, skin s iddma-t, turer of leather remaining, stayperseverance
pi.
; ;

ahir,

ing.
y\j\ addn-in, low, etc.
.

pi.

of

^Ji

daniyy,

^MsA uhaira, never, dim. of /A


dhar. yw>i^ ahyas,
tj*i-^

numerous.
hif,
f.

(v-i^) cidah, I, prepare a banquet, wonder invite to a meal


; ;

ii.

akyaf, pi. hUf,

haifd,

adub, INF. adab, be well educated

having one eye black, the other haifd', a, composition in blue; which all the letters of each
alternate

and of refined manners

other
jJ.\

word words
with
;

are pointed, the

being

without

points. ahyal,

face vain,
Ij,il,

pi.

ahdyil,

haughty

on the white falcon haughtiness pi.


moles
;

correct, INF. ta'dib, educate iv. inf. iddb, make chastise ; justice prevail in a country; v. inf. invite to a meal ta'addub and x. inf. isti'ddb, receive education, be refined.

i^S\

a bird of

evil

omen

ahyila-t, fancies, ideas, &c., pi. of JW^ hayal, q.v.

adab, pi. dddb, refined manliterary perpoliteness ners alsuits ; liberal education ; udba-t, endddb, literature ;
; ;

ad=Ji> yad, hand. {S\) add. A, I, u, INF. add, roar fondle (she camel) (camel) offer, present ; rove ; come upon
j\
;

\>S\

tertainment wonderful things. udabd, pi. of -r^A adib, well


;

bred, Ac, q.v. adbdb, pi. of s^J dxibb, bear. ^i\ adbdr, the last or hindmost
^rfV>J\


w>j\

;;

22
backs back ad; ;

J-*^

parts
vej-sitj
f-i'i\

or

persons

idbdr, turning one's


;

iddibdr, retreat.

adbah, wortUess things.

ii'^.'A
erJ'J^
,_3}>>\

adab-hdna-h, water-closet.
adbas, dark red, brown.
;

uniform; fleshy, well rounded; toothless big-headed f darmd', hare. jjo\ adrana-t, Adrianople. stable manger idraun, y^jj\
; ;
.

dwelling
y~jj^\
y-jj>>^

adabiyy, polite, well-educated ^ix3^ al-Hlni al-adabiyy, 6 morals, moral pliilosophy adabiyya-t, pi. adabiyydt, literaj_5jjS\
;

idris,

home origin. Enoch (prophet)


;

y^

abd

idris, penis.

ture, pi.

tion
f'i\

what promotes civilisaand refinement, accomplish-

adsaq, with a large mouth. I^S\ adsam, pi. dusm, dusiim, very dark grey mean. fat pretension ; Ieo\ iddi'd', claim,
i3~.j\
; ;

ments.
adsar, lazy, negligent.
f.

arrogance

law- suit

inviting,

(^i\ adjan,

dajmV, of a deep

calling to. <~-^^\ ad'ab, stupid.


i-Ej\ ad'aj, f

black; cloudy.

^^j\

udhiyy,idhiyy, udhiyya-t, ijs^A udhuwiva-t, ostrich nest.


;

da'ja, pi. du'j, black with large black eyes dark last f. da'jd', moonless nights day of the lunar month raving
.

JU.j\ idhdl, introducing to enter enclosing. j4-i>\ idhir, rush (plant).


;

causing

hill.

Wcj\ ad'iyd,
iucj\
pi.

pi.

of

^J^^^

da'iyy, q.v.

ad'iya-t, calls,

Ji.>>\

into
{ji"^\

adhal, entering more deeply more familiar.


;

of

^J

prayers, &c., ud'iyya-t du'd', q.v.


;

and y-J^ ud'uwwa-t, dark question of dispute riddle. JVeo^ adgdl, faults, defects, &c., pi. idydl, fraud, of Ji^ dagal ;
;

adhan, i. dahnd', of the colour ' adhina-t, fumes of smoke; of smoke, &c., pi. of yViiJ duhda,

dahhdn. oj\ idad, powers, victories,


idda-t. (jj\) adir, A, inf. adar,

deceit.
pi.

of 6J\

be

afflicted

idgdm, contraction, assimilation of letters by tasdid. ^o\ adfd', pi. of ^i dif, heat, &c.,
^\slS\

with a rupture.
)j\

q.v.
f.

a'dar, pi. udr,

adrd', afflicted
;

ijj\

adarr,
e\)0\
ij\jS\

with a rupture
f.

\)J

udur, majesty darrd', yielding


;

adaqq, thinner, more delicate, more accurate, comp. of ij-iJ

abundant
idrdj,

milk
;

daqiq
(_5^\

adiqqa-t, pi. of

(3eJ>J

adara-t,
inser-

daqiq, thin, &c., q.v.

udra-t, rupture.

march

folding

tion.

idrdra-t, pi. -ai, wages, military


iddird',

pay.
g\jj\

putting on a coat of
;

mail. intel>t\jS\ idrdk, comprehension genius. ligence &f.)j\ udrujja-t, ladder, stairs ; step,
;

degree. adrad, toothless. gij\ adru', coat of mail, &c., pi. of


>J)j\

adqa, violent hunger. adal, I, heal ( .), also ll. ; A, shake the milk in the leather pipe for butteriug; drag along under a burden. idl, sore throat sour milk J-J^ object of litigation; adl-in, buckets, etc., pi. of ^^ daJw ; 4 adilla-t, pi. of J-Jj dald, proof, &c. !5j^ adilld', pi. of JJj dalil, guide. idhil, arrogance J3o\ wanton(J>>\)

ness.
fjciS\

gjj dir', q.v.


l.o^

adlas, hairless

growing fresh

adram,

f.

darmd/

pi.

durm,

hair.


23

^^^
l^^\
acZ/iflsm,

; ; ;

J->^

/^^^

adlam, ad-dalma moon.


dalw.

hlsick
,

dark

bro^vti, f.

last night of the lunar &c.,


pi. of- ^i

dark yreen
tion,

black, blackish (horse); old, and, by opposifresh f dahmd', pot,


;

^J'^\
((J\)

adli, buckets,

kettle

what appears black in


;

inf. adm, unite two things, join together, reconcile give a by-dish with bread ; lead adim, a, inf. adam, also adum, inf. uduma-t, be reddish, brownish, blackish; IV. reconcile ; give a by-dish with bread turn the inside of viii. eat a the skin outside by-dish with bread be full of
u,
i,
; ;

adam,

; ;

the distance (crowd of people) pi. duhm, the moonless nights. i^-A adhiya-t, pi. of ^i dahiyy, sly, cunning. (y^) add,v, assist; inf.^j^ aduww, ripen inf. adw, waylay deceive provide with, fit out VI. INF. ta'ddi, provide one's self with IV. INF. idd, and x. inf.

isti'dd', see (i^^^^).

W^
j'^J^

sap.
(J\

adwd', illness, pi. of \J da'. adwih; houses, &c., pi. of

j\>J

adam, human skin


; ;

leathern

ddr,
j)-^
'r>)'A

and

revolutions, &c., pi. of

of ^J^ concord, union udm, skin ; leader (m.) example for imitation ration udum, pi. of f>i'^\ adim, q.v., and (^^\ at^aiji, by-dish

pipe date adim, earth


;

tomb
;

adm,,

pi.

daiir.

ad'uh, pi. of sj^J da'h, custom, habit. ad'ur, adwur, S^J^ adwira-t, j}>^

(j'>\

udam, adam,

udm, udmdn, i. admit', awddim, reddish of the colour of human flesh browned Adam (j\ y* white (camel) baml (bam) adam, mankmd
pi. pi.
; ; ; ; ; ; ;

adma-t, adama-t, leader whitish reddishness udma-t, colour of the (camel) skin; udma-t, adama-t, conjunction
;

relationship. yUj^ idmdn, exercise

perseverancf
pi. of.
[jT

experience udmdn, white,


; ;

adam.

Sa-J^

admitja-t, brains, pi. of g^-i

houses, &c., pi. of jw ddr. adwam, more or most durable. *j^j\ adwiya-t, medicines, pi. of \}'i dawd'. ((^"i^) ada, I, INF. udiyy, coagulate (milk) be many, abundant INF. ady, lay snares for waylay ; II. INF. ta'diya-t, cause to reach a place, bring to pay a person ; iv. inf. idd', assist be strong, powerful be numerous and well off (people) grow too much or many ; prepare for V. inf. ta'addi, pay one's debts X. inf. isti'dd', ask for help take one's fortune by force ;
; ;

dimilj.
(j->y^\ idmi'is,

VI. see {^-A).

dark.

^j^-A

adamiyy,

man human
;

j^j\

adamiyya-t,
ness.
\i'A

humanity
;

polite-

dda, better paying ; conscientious adiyy, equipment, outidan, vessel, fit preparation ;
;

adnd, nearer viler, meaner ; adnd', pi. of ^J'^ dani, vile, worthless, &c. yUj\ adhdn, pi. of i^J dahti, fat,

leather
t)^j\

bag

nimble, agile.
<fcc.,

adydn, beliefs,
adih,
pi.

pi. of (^.J

din.

T-oJ^

&c. jto.A adhur, ages, &c., pi. of j^'i dahr. ^J~&J\ adhas, f. dahsd, pi. duhs, of rust-colour; soft, gentle.

uddbd', of polite literary, well bred learned, scholar teacher, tutor. JoJ< adid, hard to bear, violent roar. idid, shouting, scream brightness of *4J^ adim, entire the day ; time before midday

manners,


iS-^

; ; ;

24

5^\

origin earth

pi. adam, udum, what can be seen from heaven and earth
; ;

authority
pi.

^^\

yi-J^

pi.

udum,

skin of the animal.


ligious.
J\

ddima-t, ddchn, skin of an face


;

azka, more acute more sagacious more vivid. ^j\ azhiyd, pi. zaki, acute sharp ; ingenious. (Jj^) azal, I, iNP. azl, lie. SJ\ aziiZa', pi. of J-3 J raKZ, abject,
; ; ;

adyan, more pious, more re!

mean,
(j3 j\

vile.

(i_-3J^) izla'ahh,
; ;

behold when as ^j\ izmd, when, at


iz,

since

if

azlaq,

f.

zaZi/a',

hasten away. sharp ready


;

the
^\

time
at
iz-in,

of speech.
^_3!yj\

when;
that

v!U.i\

>M\
;
:

time,
;

then

izzdk,

izlaula, depart,

go away, xii.

of
(ti\

Qi).
;

then

affixed,

mi'z-in,

on
;

hinai'z-in,

that time
(J\)

^S^y. yauas i~s=' that day is^^ waqtai'z-in, at dz-in, see i^j^
;
.

azamm, more or most blame-

worthy

azimma-t,

duties,
li

&c., pi. of fX''i zimdni. (y j^) azan, inf. azan, listen to

(J

azz, INF. azz, cut.

and

U\

izd, behold when (in the sense of future), followed by the pret. U\ izd mn, when, as soon as; izan, well then! in this case then 5 azdt, injury,

damage

evil

pain.

get appetite for (ace.) INF. azn, strike on the (pass.) suffer ear, bos the ears inf. dzdn and from ear-ache azzdn, announce, especially the time for prayer azin, listen INF. izn, azan, azan, azdna-t, to
\j^
;

ila)

; ;

^\^\ izdba-t, melting.


f^^^^ azdhir, rushes, pi. of izhir.

know;
nicate,

INF.

izn,
;

azin,

commu-

^^ j^ izd'a-t, publication. yU\ dzdn, ears, pi. of y'i^


(_s>U^
;

uzn. azdniyy, long-eared. ' azihha-t, <T'i\ azahh, wild bull flies, pi. of s^U-i zuhdh.

J}j^ azlal,

f.

zahld',

thirsty, with

dry
j^^\
gj j\

lips,

(ej^) azaj, drink


izhir,
pi.

much

wine.

azdhir,

fragrant

kind of rush,
azra\ cross born from a freeman and a slave eloquent
quick, swift
zird'.
S)>i^
;

impart ii. impart, comrubb the municate frequently ears prevent from drinking or from entering be door-keeper iv. call out the hour of prayer inform of (v hi) astonish prevent box the ears call out the hour for prayer begin to fade V. swear, take an oath make known shout at threateningly venture x. ask for permission y>j\ izn, permission fareleave well uzn, adieu; furlough; uzun, pi. dzdn, ear, handle
; ;

azru', pi. of

g^j j

azirra-t,
az'dj,

powders,
worrying,

pi.

of

jjjj

zariir.

azana-t, cotyledon. v>V'j\ azndb, tails, ic, pi. of s-^i zanah. yUj\ azhdn, intellects, jil. of yfcj
zihn.
Jj>i\

gVcJ\

teazing,

urging.
(jUJ^ az'dn, obedience, submission.
;ij\

azhal,

more

strongly scented; az-zafrd', wild rue.


azfar,

w>jj^
zi'b.

az'ub,

distracted. wolves, pi. of

s-^j

f.

jj-i^ azilz,

cutting, sharp.

(j^i\

(jJ>5 zaqiid', pi. azqan, f. zuqn, having a long or hanging

t^j^ aziva-t,
(^5>i\)

with a short chin.


INF. (ji\
a,Li

azi. A,

izan,
;

azd'
;

chin.

^i\ azkar, more pointed, sharper.

suffer a
II. IV.

damage,
injure,

injury

damage

v.=i.


s-J^

;; ;

25
ardris,
S

^j
(j-j^;^

^^\

injury,
;

dzi (S\ dz-in), Lurtful offensive azan, also 8 azziyya-t,


;

ardrisa-t, peasants
pi.

countrymen,
\J>^^ drdd,

damage;

of u-Jj\ aris.

dziyy,

wave,

billow.
azydl, trains of garments, &c., pi. of J Jj zail. s-j\ azyab, mass of water ; terror

^y,\j\

arddi, lands, &c.,

J^ j^

pi. of y4j\ ard. J*c\j^ ard'il, herds, troops, etc., pi,

of
O^^j^

^j

ra'la-t.

swiftness. ejj^ a2iw, call

to prayer; caller, prince bail knowledge ; ear ; uzain, little ear. (j\) arr, v, inf. arr, drive drive away throw away have con-

Muazzin

organs, pi. of 0tj\ argun. ^\)^ ardqim, poisonous snakes, pi. of f^j\ arqam.

ardgin,

^V
'^\j)\

irdqa-t,

pouring out.
;

ardk, a thorny tree; its ber;

nexion with
kindle
to
dr,
pi.
it'irdr,
j^
;

woman
i'rdr,
;

ries
tihi^j^

(ace.)

bitter herb

field.

iv.

inf.

grow

lean, thin

cause

viii. inf.

hasten.

shame, disgrace; i ira-t, inm, fire hearth, chimney


;

provisions
dra-t,
ard',

of

roast
;

meat
_>

of

chimney, stove difficulty in pronouncing the letter


\j^

ardk'm, props, supports, &c., pi. of y^ rukn. drdm, stones to indicate the (^j\ road in the desert, Ac, pi. of f), iram ar'dm, drdm, gazelles, pi. of ardm, crown i^j ri'm of the head.
;

J^\)^

ardmil,

pi.

of

J-j\

armal,

drd', opinions, &c., pi. (j^j ra'y.

widowed; poor.
y^\)^

ardmin,
j)l.

ardmina-t,

Armelair
;

^\^
8

drdb, pi. of ^j\ irh, member, and of ^j\ irha-t, urba-t, need
;

nians,
O^j^

of (^j\ arman.
;

irdba-t,

<^^j^
g\j\

prudence. irds, tinder fire.


;

irdn, hearse pi. of a wild animal ardn-in, and

urun,

sword
of

arrdj, intriguer.
Jj>=-\)^

s-j^j^

ardnib,

hares,

pi.

>t-5j^

J^\)^ ardjil,

ardjil,

hunters,

pi. of J.?.j rajil, J^\j rdjil. j^\;^ ardjih, deserts pi. of *=-^j^ arjuha-t, swing, rocking- board. >^\)^ ardjiz, poems in the metre rajaz, pi. of 'jy?-j^ arjiha-t. <-A9-\)\ ardjif, false rumours, scandals, pi. of <-iW-j^ irjdf. reposing ^\j^ irdha-t, resting, granting refreshalleviating
; ; ;

arnab. (^j^j\ ardwiyy, mountain-goats,


of h}j^ urwiyya-t.

pi.

^5^
usij^j^

ar'a, fitter,

more appropriate.

ardyik, pi. of cd>j\ arih, divan for a bride, throne.


i,

(sj)^) ardb,

make

tight (a knot")
;

ing.
^J^i'\j\

ardhina-t, archons, chiefs, pi.

on a member of the body arib, a, need be poor and needy have flaccid members be out of order (stomach) be bad and hard (times) be
strike

of

o^j^ arhon.
veils,

strongly attached
curtains, pi. of
(s->

i^^^ ardhi,
"^i-j^

bi)
;

urhiyya-t.
intention, desire, high - priest of the

dent
fast,

be versed in arub, be wise, pru;

II.
;

INF.

ta'rib,
;

make

Sj\)\

irdda-t, will,

decree ; Druses.
^5j\)\

and

tight perfect

sharpen
iv.
;

overcome,

conquer
;

increase inf. i'rdb, y. inf.


;

irddiyy, who acts according to his own will. ^i\j\ ardzil, rabble, pi. of Jj)\
arzal.

ia'arrub, raise difficulties

take

affected airs V'j^ arab, need

affect slyness.
arb, fore-finger
;

arib,

prudent, sly

irb,

cun.


vj
nlng;

; ; ;

;; ; ;

26
|,Ljj^

>.\

malice; pi. drah, ar'ab, limb, member need ; aim piece urb, misfortune, religious scruple i irba-t, misfortune cunning also urba-t,
;

irtisdm, being

marked

con-

secration of a priest. ^jj^ irtisd', corruption, bribery.


t=ij\ irtidd',

contentment

consent

approval.

chain, necklace

need; strong knot


saries,
Wj^ arbd', pi.

pi. drab,

neces-

^j\

irti'd',

urba-t, pi. urab,


aribha-t, allies,

^V>j\

irti'dh,

pasturing (s.). being frightened,


trembling,

pi. of ^.Ijj ribdb.

of y; rabw, troop

alarmed. S^j\ irti'dd,


frightened.

being

urubbd, Europe.
SJ^;^ arhdb, masters, lords, of sJj rabb.

J'''^j^ irti'ds, trepidation.

&c., pi.
rub',

w)Uij\ irtigdh, desire, longing. gUij\ irtifd', pi. ua\, elevation, exal-

^^

arbd', pi. of ruba', rubu', q.v.

^j raV,
pi.

tation, high dignity;

disappearance
of
cj^j
pi.

removing; yield apogee


;

yV}j\

urbdn, rabim.

pledges,
;

of crops.
^\iuj[ iiiifdq,

!jj\

arbat, childless ^^j ribdt, q.v.


f.,

arbut,

of

supporting one's self leaning against.


irtiqd',

\sa^

ascension, promotion

^j\ arba',

arba'a-t, m., four;

increase.
k_>Wj^
irtiqdb,

gjjS\ uu\^j

mwdt al-arba', quadruraV


pi.
;

observation from a

peds

arbu', vernal habitations,


i arbi'a-t,

watch-tower.
i_>^j\
irtikdb,
;

&c., pi. of JJ)

spring-seasous,

of

^j

rabi'.
pi.
;

undertaking
back.

committing a sin riding on horseof a child anxiety.

^j^

arbi'd',

arba'd',
pi.

arbu'd',

ud\ U}j\ arbi'd' dt,

Wednesday
of

^\^j\

irtikdd,

movement
;

arbc'd\ springs,

J>j^

^j

rabi';

in the

womb agony

arbu^di', pillars,

\,^^
)\

arbu'dwd',
arbal,

columns. temple with


flourishing

columns.

Arbela;

accumulation. v^'j^ irtihdb, fear, terror. L^>j\ irlihdt, assembly. i-jWj^ irtihdf, (m.) friendly recep|.V&j\ irtilidm,

again. ^J>J^ arba,


uwj\ aratt,

tion.

more numerous, more.


f.

S\^j\

irtihdTi,

ruttd', pi. rutt,


;

merer

chatterer

stamtirta-t,

yW>j\ iViiAt(, mortgaging, seizure.

weakness of limbs. pawning;


taking

crest of the chameleon.


g^j^ artd', crowd.
tV>j^ irtibdt,
tic
;

Wj^

irtiyd', consideration, of thought.

ligament, friendship.

connexion

vW'j^ irtiydb, doubt, hesitation, un;

certainty.

gWj^
gVs=j\

irtijdj,
irtijd',

trembling.
return
;

t^^
city

iriiydh,
;

rest;

cheerfulness
;

repose; vivazeal endea;

recollection

vour
ij'W'j^

mercy of God.
training,
;

conversion.
JV:5?j\ irtijdl,
;

improvisation irtiinconsiderjdl-an, ex tempore


;

iriiydd,

dressing

ately.

exercise, g^jj^ irtiyd', fear, fright. (vi>j\) uraf, iNP. 0)>-, kindle
tbi^

(an animal)

^W'j\
U=^j\

irtihdl,

departure,

emigra-

same

sow discord

ii.

v.

tion.

being kindled.
>ijj^
i'i-s

irtihd\ relaxation.

(for i^j^ wirs), inheritance;

j^jj,^

ivtiddd ((^ 'an), apostacy return, conversion, {^J\ ila),

ashes, root;

remains
Mrs,

old thorn;
;

custom
arass.

;, ;;

>>\

27

)i

^ ursa-t, out, tattered ; uras, red soil tinder boundary. plentifully (y*";^) irsa'ann, fall (rain) fall down in abundance (hair) be weak.

worn
pi.

(^j'\

arhain,

more or most merciful,


i

compassionate.
,j=-j^

arhiyy,

arhiya-t, mills, pi. of

^; rahan,
(Cj^)

,_^j raAa.

^yj\
^^j\

'arsilma-t, soil,

ground,

terri-

araA, also ii. and iv., date, fix the date. young cow Cj\ irh, urh, bullock ; urha-t, date, epoch. heifer
;

arsa, untiring, indefatigable,

unremitting.
(ej^) araj, inf. ar;',
;

INF.
arij,

arjan,

calumnies;

the

sow discord spread same


;

giving the ^j\ irhd', relaxing reins quick riding. (jfli-j\ arhas, cheaper, comp. of yoe^j
; ;

rahis.
yji.j^

arij,

a,

inf.
;

li. fragrant strong spread sow discord scents, perfume, fumigate, inpercense arja-t, scent,

arija-t,

be
;

araj,

arhul, lambs, pi. of J^-; rihl. arhon, arhun, pi. ardhina-t, high - priest archon chief abbot patriarch. ^ji'j\ more looser; arha, laxer,
Ji-j\
; ; ;

fume.
W-j^

yielding
sides,

thinner

(fluid)

arjd',

&c.,

pi.

of

W-j

raj -an.
<-*W-jl irjdf,

ardjif,
t)W-j^

disturbance, alarm alarming rumours.


;

pi.

arjdn, arajdti, disturbance wild almond tree. jjj.j\ arjah, more probable, comp. of
=-\j rdjih.
{(j'sa^j^)

urhiyya-t, pi. jj^^_)\ ardhi, what is to be let down, veil, curtain calf of a buffalo. -ij\ aradd, more useful, more nearly

concerning {^Jt^ 'ala) f. ruddd', divorced wife. ardd', worse, comp. of tS**; \^j\ ardi'd, pi. of the same. mdi'
;

down

irjahann, swing (balance).

up and
halter

e^Jj^
v_>J)\

arddj, black leather.

ardabh, irdabb, corn measure


;

i*^j\ arji'a-t, pi. of

gWj
;

rijd',

=five bushels
ba-t, canal.
&-'-ij\

irdabb,
;

irdab-

of a camel.
Ji>-j\

ar/aZ,
;

more manly
;

feet

stony (road)
&c.,

with large
arjila-t,

ardama-t, root of a tree.

pedestrians,
rajil.
(j^j?-j\

pi.

of

(jjj\

J^j

ardan, Jordan; silk; dunn, sleepiness Jordan,

wrmore
;

arjawdn, urjuwdn (Pers.), purple a shrub with red blosarjawdniyy, purple soms t5
;

ijjj^

ardiya-t, cloaks, robes, pi. of

\oj ridd'.

Jiji arzal, pi. oj

and
;

ardzil,

(colour). i?.^>)\ arjuja-t, urjuja-t, and ti.j>)\ arjuha-t, urjuha-t, pi. ardjth,

or most
crepit,
(j^^)

vile,

mean
i,

abject

de-

araz, ariz, A,

u, inf. uruz,

swing, hammock. ?jj^j\ arjdza-t, poem


jij-j

in the metre
iji*J<x..'-

ra/az (six times


arja,

mus;.\

taf'ilun).

from whom is more to ^^j\ urjiyya-t, a be hoped for;

thing delayed.

contract (n.), stand firm, be firmly rooted be cold (night) ; retreat to her hole (snake). driz, firm, firmly rooted, strong arz, cold; chief of a clan; arwz, urz, s cedar, pine-tree urz=)^ druz, aruzz, uruz, uruzz,
; , ;

S\
,Uj^

ar^a

mills, pi.

of ^
pi.

ruzx, rice.
j\^^\

arttdq,

riches,

Ac,

pi.

of Jj

ar^awi,

wombs,

of

^-j

rizq.
i,_j^\

r*"j

ra^m.

irzabba-t, irou

bar or mace.

28

; ;

JJ

arza', cowardly, more or most cowardly. jjjj\ irziz, shudder, trembling ; hailstorm push, thrust. (u-j^) aras, i, inf. ars, carry on agriculture as a peasant or farmer ; ii. the same hire one's services. U,\ irsd', fixing, rendering firm >j\ casting anchor in a port landt)j^
;

ara a, worthiest; worthier, ^ not stirring from the place luxuriant grass. irda-t, urda-t, into (o=jV oirad, INF. ard, consume arid, inf. arad, cover dust itself with pustules and get bad
;

arud, inf. ard, abound ^iNF. ardda-t, be food; well overgrown with plants be

(wound)
with

ingJL.j\ irsdl, sending,

worthy of, fit for (J li) have a cold ii. inf.

pass,
;

ta'rid,

mission; quo-

tation of a tradition of

Muhaman

mad
yL.^\

without

mentioning

authority.
arsdn, halters, &c., pi. of yj rasan. (~'j\ arsah, firmer, comp. of ^\)
rdsih.
^y^J)^

arsul,

messengers, &c.,

pi.

of

J^j
v^j\

rasiil,

and Ji-j

rasil.

&-^yj\ arsusa-t, a

high cap.
creatures
;

ars,

men,

gift,
;

compensation,

blood

money

graze all the herbs of a place and look for fresh pasture ; preembellish a pare for fasting reconcile ; molest, despeech tain, prevent iv. inf. i'rdd, give a cold ; v. inf. ta'arrud, bend to the earth from heaviripe ness be for mowing hinder, thwart; vi. inf. ta'dx. inf. rud, settle in a place isti'rdd, cover itself with pustules push forth roots. \-4)\ irdd', satisfying, consenting,
; ;

bribe; dispute, law-suit; gation to quarrelling. (ij5'j\) aras, inf. ars, scratch face in sign of mourning give (2 ace.) to enmity
; ; ;

insti-

complying with. gUj\ irdd', giving the suck, suckling.

one's
incite

pass. be claimed for extradition, in order to atone for bloodshed II. INF. ta'ris, kindle ; viii.

i^j\ ardiyy, earthly, terrestrial ; ardiyy sokiyy, artii_jSy& ^_j*.j\ i choke ardiyya-t, ground ; floor ; bottom of a vessel
;

take revenge or blood-money be delivered up for atonement. jUy\ irsdd, direction in the right way spiritual remonstrance.
INF.
it'irds,
; ;

JU.j\

grounding colour of a stuff. artdl, pounds (of 12 ounces),


pi.

of Jtj rati,

ritl.

^j\ ar'd', pastures, pi. of


jjij\

^j

ri'y.

h^^ar'dwiyya-t, pasturing
ar'an,
;

cattle.

f.

ra'nd',
;

talkative

jA)^ arsah,
JA;\

more perspiring.
straight,

stupid

flabby
;

straighter; upright. iA)\ arsiya-t, ropes, pi. of Vsy risd' ^j>yi arass, f. Uj rassd, with well set closely joining. teeth jLc,\ irsdd, astronomical, observa-

arsad,

(army)
8jCj\

mild

(air)

demoralised mountain.

more or most

ur'uwwa-t, yoke (pair) of oxen.


ir^ad, cable; living in affluence.

jVc)\

.^j\ argab,

more or most greedy, covetous ; more desirable. J^j\ argad, more or most commoiitj\

tion.
y4)\

ar^un, aradiln, araground ; 4dt, drdd, arddi, earth land sole, lowest part of anything y4^ ibn ar(j, wanu=;^ wayfarer, stranger derer,
ard,
f.

pi.

dious, pleasant, affluent. argifa-t, loaves, rolls, cakes, pi. of v-*j rag if. Ji;\ argal, commodious, comfor-

wra^,

wood- worm

j^j\

table (life) uncircumcised. argun, pi. ardgin, arganun,


;

ar a

organ (iustrumeut).


t)
Jy=;^ argiil, oboe.
(<-;\)

;; ;;

29
i)

araf, ii. arraf, make a knot pass, be delimited; iii. cuufiue

pi. urfa-t, uraf, knot. j\ij\ ir/dq, supply, iv. of (ijij). yiUi)^ irfiddd, dispersing, disappearing.
;
ii

with

boundary

ji)^ Jij^

arfa\ more elated, higher.


arfal,
;

iram, pi. drdm, large stone to indicate the way in a desert; mountain-peak (pi. also urum) crown of the head uram, urram, molar teeth ; finger-tips 6 pebbles drima-t, tooth. ^j\ urmi'i, such a one, so and 1. a^ certain person armd', p o
; ;

arim,

f.

rafld',

awkward,

slo-

,_y*j

ramiyy,

hit,

thrown

at.

flab-eared (ass). ^^J^ urfiyy, pure milk. (oj\) ariq, inf. araj, and viii. inf.
i'tirdq,

venly

>i^^j\ arnuis,

old rope.

INF. ta'riq, and iv. inf. i'rdq, cause to wake. vjj\ arq, araq, uraq, disease in the corn jaundice araqq, thinner, &c., comp. of ^ij raqiq. lUj\ arqdm, written characters, &c.,
II.
; ;

wake, be awake, sleepless

C^jl armi'ih, lances, pi. of ^j rumh. ah.j\ armad, ashy grey, f. ar-ramdd', ostrich pi. rtimd, flies very
;

small numerous (running) eyes.


;

with watering
;

(ji/;\

armad, burnt (ground) pebpebbles armud, i arinida-t, pi. of t3^-=^j ramaddn, the
bled
; ;

month
Jj\

of fasting.
pi.

pi.

^j raqam.
henna; saffron.
;

(jUj\ irqdn,

^j\
I=*j\

arqam, spotted al-arqam, a poisonous snake, viper.


arqa-t,
irh,
i.

ardmil, ardmil, single ; widowed ; poor f armala-t, poor widow ; al-armala-t, the needy and desoardmila-t,
;
.

armal,

raq(d', spotted.
;

((ilj^)

a thorn tree
urik,

arak,

late.

have stomach-ache from feeding on its stop and feed on it fruit


arik, also pass,
;

insist

tarry ; ii. inf. ta'rik, place the bride on the throne


;

arman, ^^ armaniyy, Armenian h armaniyya-t, Armenia. ^fj^ armula-t, pi. ardmil, poor; unmarried. & armiya-t, ^_g^^ urma-=^^ urmd pi. of i^j rainiyy, thrown, hit.
(^j^
; ;

{&ikj\ arika-t).
s);\

arakk, stupid, imbecile, weak>^j\ II.

=- arin, (oj^) aran, inf. am, bite ; A, INF. aran, arin, irdn, be quick,

minded, N.B.
ts)^^\

agile, brisk

arkdk, slight showers, pi. of iS) rakk. (^\Sj\ arkdn, pillars, props, &c., pi. irkdn, (m.) conof (jji; rukn ;

elegance, &c.
(bull).
l}V)j\

vie in beauty, long for the cow


iii.

s-j^

arnaut, Arnaut. arnab, pi. ardnib,

ardn-in,

fidence.
s-S;\

hare.
&*ij\

arkub, cavalcades, troops of


pi. of s-ij rakb.

horsemen,
T>j^^

yc(ij\

arnama-t, (m.) arnaha-t, groin. irhds, premeditation.


arhdl, families, pi. of
S=*>j

arkub, troop of travellers on camels. M^j^ arkun, pi. ardkina-t, archon,


&c., see

tUA

raJit,

raha{. (^\jtj\ irhdn, pledging, pawning.


m\

y^j^

arJiun.

^^

arka, weaker, comp. of ^j rakiyy. eat (<j\) aram, i, inf. arm, bite
j

\}j\

all

decimate (famine)
;

tie

up

twist tight
fi\

soften, pacify.

arw, deceit, cunning. irwd', watering, quenching of the thirst wetting. pi. of Cju ruh, breath, c\jj\ arwd^, &c., and of gSj rij/,, wind, &c. irwah, bad smell. evening
; ;

arm, stature, form of the body

g^j,;\

arwd', pi. of jf^j rd'i\ q.v.

;; ;

i)

30
pi.

b^

ii^})\

arwdq, tents, &c.,


arwdiii,
(jj

ot j;;

game of arrows
and wide
gS;^ arij, i arija-t,

f. s

ariba-t, large
(ej^) q-v.

rauq.

(kettle).

Greeks, Romaas, pi. ram. Ci)^ arwah, i. raukd', pi. rwA, wide, spacious more airy, thinner
C^}j^

of

anj, fragrance

inf. of
;

fra grant.

j^j\

more pleasant
>j)j^

quiet.

arwad, slow, deliberate.


ar'us,

tS aryah, spacious, airy ; aryahiyy, arihiyy, high-minded and liberal; vivacious, quick; ^> aryahiyya-t, liberality, generosity.
ariz,

(_;-5j\

heads, &c., pi. of

(j*\j

ra's, j-as.
g^j\

yj\

very

cold

hoar-frost
ardris,
;

arwa', f. ^;ij j-aw'a', causing pleasure and admiration by beauty, bravery, &c. noble
;

prince.
(_r">j^

arts, irris, pi.

un and

ardris,
(jioj\

ardrisa-t,

peasant

prudent, cunning. ^jj\ arwag, more or most cunning.


&j>jj\

irris, leader, prince.

arwtqa-t, tents, &c., pi. of o^j; riwdq, ruwdq. arum, i root urum, moun(jy\ tain peaks, pi. of ^^ aram. of ij\ (^jy\ iriin, hearths, &c., pi.
, ;

yi>jl

aryas, with a strong beard. well overand, very rich


;

grown
pure.
ssXsj\

clever,

fit

modest

ira-t.
ijjy\

urwiyya-t, pi. (3 to 10) ardwiyy, (above 10) arwa, chamois,

mountain-goat.
(tSJ^)
*''^'

arik, S pi. ardyih, divan for the bride; throne. fki^ arim, a certain person. aryan, what is beyond any(^jj\ body's strength. (j\) azz, I, V, INF. azz, azdz, azis,

honey
cloud
;

dew

manua
;

shining
ariy, pi.
;

squall

thunder
beat

bubble
; ;

i.

and

ii.

iry,

awdr-m, awdiyy, manstable ; peg or rope for ger tying up. (j^j\) ara, i, inf. ary, i., v., viii., make honey drive the clouds and bring rain to eat from the same manger with another inf. ta'riya-t, ii. animal make an animal eat from the
; ; ;

make
;

agitate, excite (pulse) boil kindle ; make eager

j\

have sexual pour out pain intercourse with v., viii. boil viii. hasten. be agitated pulsation sexual interazz, course pressing of a crowd S azza-t, confusion, throng.
;

\j\

(\j\) aza' ,

satiate
vis

flinch.
;

same manger with another


up, fasten
i'rd',

b^

izd',

a vis
their

site

t*"'^'^
;

conceal

tie

izd'uhum,

comrades

iv.

inf.

ij^\
^_^^j\

izd' al-'ais,

livelihood.

accustom one animal to v. inf. ta'arri, reanother; v. and viii. main behind INF. it'ird', be kept back; look out for what is tit, approjsriate ara, ari, I, burn with anger II. blow the lire. gUj\ arydh, winds, pi. of gSj ril}.

azdbiyy,

ditiit ult

and

im-

portant matters,
uzbiyy.
is\^\

&,c., pi.

of ^j\
olives

izdta-t,
oil.

abun^lauce of
pi.

and
s\j\

dzdj,

colonnades,

of

sj\

anaj.
&=>.\^\

izdl^a-t,
;

removing,

taking

Ji>\i.^

aryds, feathers,

pi. of ij^.j ris,

away
j\j\ izdr,
j\j\

conclusion.
veil=ji;\ izr, q.v.

i risa-t.
<_lb,\

arydf, fertile tracts, &c., pi.


rif.

of -^)

azdz, INF. of (j\) azz. ii\j\ izdla-t, abolition,

annulling,

^\

arib,

clever, skilful, prudent,


J

annihilation.
fi\)\

cuniuis

arrow

winner in the

azdm, year of famine.

;;

^J^

31
pi,

(*3

^^j^

azdnid, fire-staves, Zand.


flowers,

of
of

<>i^

vzvr,
veil;
'

azira-t,

long

v.Tappei",
;.

women;
;

chastitv

izr,

jtfi>y^

azdhir, zahra-t.
azab,
i,

pi.

iiyj

(sjj^)

flow

v. inf. ta'-

of wearing the izdr izr, root vzr, waist, azrdr, buttons, Ac, pi. of j^jj^ jj
izra-t,

manner

azzub, divide a fortune each other.


Tj\

between

zirr.
Jjj^

shaggy, downy, woolly fertile dreads ful misfortune azba-t, famine ^^ azban, exce!::iive; iizbiyy, pi. azdbiyy, matter of importance and difficulty great calamity quickness manner, way, method.
azzah,
f.

zabbd', hairy,
;

azraq, f. zarqd', pi. ziirq, blue, light blue, pale ^JJ}^ ^^ 'aduww azraq, mortal enemy zarqd', wine.
; ;

fjj,\

azram,

cat.

)j\

azaz, crowd,
iz'il,

thronged assembly.
bad.

^^j^
Ja^j^
(cJj^)

az'aJciyy, small,

lively, cheerful.

(tsj\)

inf. uzilj, hasten forsake in need, leave in the lurch; ii. build a coazaj,
;

V,

azij,

A,

azif. A, INF. azf, uzvf, approach, come suddenly be in-

significant close (as a

lonnade.
jy^

azaj,

pi.

dzdj,

dzuj,

izaja-t,

the same another.


-j^

wound) approach
; ;

azaf,
;

azif,

azuf,
v.

ii., iv.,

vi.

one

with arch of a door azajj, with long eye-lashes walking with quick long strides
colonnade,
hall

oblong

columns

azaf,

poverty,

uzfa-t, pi. uzaf,

dzifa-t,

i misery boundary, limit day of the last judg;

ment.
Jij\

(J azja,

who manages
well.
i,

skilfully

and executes
(Cj^)

azfal, anger,
ii

burst of anger;
^^

azfala-t,
;

azah,
;

inf.

iizilh,

contract
;

crowd
,_sj^

azfala,

troop,

izfalla-t, vivacity.

approach one another remain behind slip beat (artery) v., vr. be slow, remain
(u.)

tarry,

azfa, hurry, haste, speed. O^;^ azqdq, leather pipes, pi. of

i3j

behind. ^Ujj\ izdihdm, crowd, throng, multitude.


\)Jj\

^j\ aziqqa-t, lanes, &c., pi. of zuqdq.


W^j^

^jVij

izdiriV,

contempt,

disdain,

insult.

azMyd', pi. of upright, &c. (Jjv azal, I, INF.


;

^_^j zaJciyy,

good,

^Jj^ izdihd, pride; contempt. s\jJj\ izdki'dj, copulation, pairing. J^>Jj^ izdiydd, growth, increase. azar, inf. azr, be vigorous; (jij^) protection); (for surround cover, veil; ii. strengthen; grow close iii. strengthen assist together and entwine iv. correspond console v. invigorate strengthen, cover v., viii. grow strong self with the veil j^j^ one's

azl, be in need, suifer from hunger misery shorten a horse's tether, and allow it to graze not allow the cattle to pasture (from fear or scarcity of food) v. be in
;
;

anxiety.
Jj^
azal,

time without beginning,


;

eternity

izl,
;

falseness,

lie

great calamity extraordinary occurrence 1_^ azaliyy, eternal,

God
((j\)

h azaliyya-i, eternity.
;

izdr.
j^\

azr,

stren;zth, and,

tion,

weakness

by opposiback izr
;

(more frequently

izdr),

pi.

uzr,

azani, i, inf. azm, adhere, be carry on asfirmly attached watch inf. azm, siduously uzutn, bite with aU the teeth; bite the bridle ; bite into pieces,
; ;

; ;

rt^

32
-i^-^

uazwdd, Hjj|j\ azwida-t, travelling provisions, pi. of o^j zdd. j^jj\ azwdr, pi. of j^jj ziwdr and J^3
ziydr, q.v.
jj)^

annihilate; overcome, con((^jlc twist 'ala) ; lock tight oppress abstain from azim, a, inf. azam, (i^ 'an) contract and unite (n.) alight V. stay long in a place be oppressed (bj famine, &c.). azm, manner of plaiting the ^j\ hair meal silence bite dzim, pi. uzzam, uzum, tooth i azma-t, azama-t, pi. azm, izam, one daily meal; famine, poverty,
;

cut

quer

azwar,
clined
;

f.

saurd',
;

pi.

zur,

in;

oblique

squinting

well; tomb; zaurd', Bagdad.

deep

army;

az-

ji'jj^
(;j\

distress
;

tooth azimma-t, pi. strap leading cord. valleys, S^jl azmd', rivulets
; ;

uzima-t,

azu-as, proud boaster. azum, pi. uzum, tooth with all teeth sterile f. i addicted to (v bi).
;

azum,
;

biting

pi.

awdzim, zimdm,
pi.

(tSj^)

o.^<^!
;

I,

INF.
;

azy,

uziyy,

be

added
trick
;

add
;

grow

of Ix^j zam'a-t. u>~-j\ azma-t, graver, more dignified, &c., comp. of c;->i.-j zamit.

a suddenly upon torment waste one's fortune III. INF. mu'dzdt, keep pace
play

(shadow)
;

shorter confidence
;

come

with,
i'zd',

accompany

iv.

inf.

^j\ azma',
^y^)^

pi.

azdmi', calamity.

azmal,

pi.

azdmil, azdmil, in;

family, sound, noise household uzmal, azmul, lugdistinct

repay a benefit twice over; fear stand in fear of, correspond keep pace with tor;

i^^j\

gage
6

weak-minded sound azmala-t, numerous


;

ment

V.

INF.

ta'azzi,
;

crowd

izmall,

together, assemble (n.)

of the
slaves.

bow
;

furniture

luggage, household family comprising


pi.

tremble (an arrow which has hit the mark) make a canal.
azydf, pi. of
--nf^j

>-^;^

^j zaif,
(jkj^

zd' if

and

clipped coin.
izziydn, adorning, &c.,

azmina-t, times,
izmil,

of

(^j

izydn,

zaman and y^j zamdn.


t}i!^^\

IV.
s-sj^

and

VIII. of (tjjj).
;

knife

for

spear, spit; chisel; scissors needle


;

scraping engraving-

azyah, liveliness, nimbleness

hammer

strong,

and,

by

opposition,

nimble, brisk, alert; insignificant calamity enmity fear Satan bastard adopted son
;

weak.
jli^\

hedgehog
.

east

wind

izyabb,
;

azhar, f zahrd, pi. zuhr, shining white, fresh, resplendent moon


; ;

great, violent.
JJj^

azyad, greater, more.


aziz, violent

star

lion
;

the udder

milk Friday

fresh
;

from

jlj\

motion

cold

(s.

al-azha.rdn,

and
(u"^)

adj.).
;

sun and moon; a:-:ahrawdn, the second and third chupters 'ijS^\ al-baqra-t of the Qur'an (the cow) and (j^j*c Jl dl 'imrdn (the family of Imran, father of
:

ass, INF. ass, iss, i.ss, ruin cause discord secrete honey build a house ii. inf. ia'sis, mark out and lay the foundations of a building.
; ;

Moses).
^>3^ azha,

shining
u,

yellowish red

U^^
;

ass,

iss,

ttss,

pi.
;

dsds,

dsdsdt,
;

ripe.
(jj\)

azd,

INF.

short (shadow high).

when

azw, grow the sun is

foundation beginning cause trace remainder excrements ffs, myrtle remainisds,


;
;

der, trace

tomb

companion

ds-in, see ^s-\ dsi.

S usdt, physicians, grief ; of ^_^\ dsi. C*}^^ asdW, weeks, pi. of ^j<-\
'

'^^'^j

83
tenant
office.

counsel in a law-suit

pi.

asbu'a-t.
S asdtiza-t, masters, &c., of Jbu\ ustdz. ;4^^ asaitr, pi. of jU-.\ istdr, q.v.

MU\ a8tt<&,
pi.
_

dsdn, characters, pi. of <^\ usun. VW asdnid, quotations, &c., pi. of v5U_\ isndd. JjL.\ asdwid, pi. of Jy-\ aswad,
black.

tjU^

(:^s'^-"l

asdtin,
att;"t',

columns.
cadences,
<fcc.,

5>^^^

pi.

of

<?!- Sty'.

jUT

asacZ, lions, pi.

2 isdda-t,

of Ju.^ aac? usdda-t, cushion.

of

j;^\ asdwir, i asdwira-t, bracelets, pi. of j\^ siwdr. SjL.\ usdwa-t, art of the physician ;

medicine; cure.
pi. of (j\j~>\ aswdn, yW-^ asydn, sad, sorrowful. s^W-*^ asbdb, causes, &c., pi. of s-<~>

;M

as',?}-,

remainders, rests,
;

jy
^jL.\

su'r

pi.

k^\ asdyd,

isdr, isdra-t, pi. usur,


;

strong
side.

strap

captivity
pi.

left

sabab.

usdra,

captives,

of yJ\
line in

tW-^ asbdt, tribes of Israel, &c.,


of
k-- sibt.

pi.

asir.
;S)V-\

asdrir, pi. of
asas,
;

sirr,

t^^

asbd', seventh

the palm -of the hand,


(j-^^

Qf

sub'

parts, pi.

of

isbd',

be or become

base

pi.

usws,

foundation
see
y<\ iss
;
;

seven, iv. of (5<-").

dscis, isds,

i5 asdsiyy,

fundamental founda-

jjW-^ igbdnaj, spinach, gt-^ asbu', seventh parts,


sub'.
(>}->^
;

pi.

of g-

tion stone. ^^^ asdtim, middles, &c., pi. of


W3-.\

ustummd'.
stories, fables, pi. of astur, 8 astura-t.
asdtil,
fleets,
pi.

^^^
j^\
Jt.L,\
(;>sl=^\

asdtir,

of

asbaq, first comer ovetraking the others prior, superior. J*-^ asbal, with long moustaches f. sabld, with long eye-lashes. ^}t^\ usbnha-t, quarrel, dispute.
;

Jyj-^
pi.

g^~>\

usbw',

usbil'a-t,
;

pi.

grfV.\

asdtin,

columns, &c.,

of

asdbi',

week

usbu'an,

in

the

&\^l2-,\

ustuwdna-t.

JjL.\ asdfil, rabble, &c., pi. of J4-.\ as/aZ.


>-ii^\
pi.

seventh place. E^-^w-*^ isbiddj, white lead.

u> \

ist,
;

pi.

istdt,
;

back

part, but-

asdqif,

asdqifa-t, bishops,

tock
JU-i\

anus

foundation.
ustdd), pi. -mm,

5li-,\ istdj,

of

shuttle.
(.>U-.^

<-aa-.\

usquf.

ustdz

^^^~^ asdqi, leather bags for water or milk, pi. of U- sagd'.

asdtiz, asdtiza-t,

master teacher
; ;

artisan
fect.

celebrated doctor

pre-

J^\

dsdl, pi. resemblance, similitude signs is'dl, complying with a request, iv. of (J^) i asdla-t, being oral isdla-t, causing to flow, iv. of (J*-).
; ;

^Vx-\ astdr, veils, &c., pi. of /- sitr;

i-*a3^\

asdlib,

manners, ways,

pi.

of i-jy^ usMb.
asdliq, glands of the palate. dsdm, dsdm-in, ^^\ asdmi, f\^\ names, pi. of i*\ isin, usm * asdma-t, usdma-t, lion (^ asdmiyy, (m.)J client'; debtor
(3)l-.\
;

a coin, worth four ; istdra-t, the same covering veiling. &>.\^j:-.^ istibdha-t, giving leave, permission ; giving up, abandonistdr, pi. asdtir,

about a

florin
;

ing,
it^ju.^
istibd'a-t,
;

exhibition

for

sale
jl^j-*\

wish to
istibdq,

sell.

contest for

supe-

riority, striving to

be

first.

.Ma^

34
to

Ajlijju^

istibdna-t,
;

wish

know
power;

BjUsX-.\ istijdza-t,

accurately
jU-ju.\

distinctness. istihddd, absolute


;

ji)j^^
lence
j\.vs,i~.\

istijbdr,
;

asking leave. viocompulsion


;

making

firm, strong.

exclusive possession usurpation obstinacy being reduced to one's own resources.


; ;

istijddd,

renovation; inno-

vation.
j\;:5!Ji-.\

istijzdz,

being ripe for har;

g\Ajju.t istibdd',

innovation.

vest.

J\a-ju.\ istibddl,
\ftsJ\ istihrd',
j\j.jju\

change, exchange.
;

JUa,x-,\ istij'dl, conflagration


rut.
>_j;^jL.\ istijldb,

lust

getting free menses. istibrdz, challenging for a


silk,

combat. tiyt^ istdbraq, shot


dress of
it.

cattle, &c., to

brocade

gU5i-\
;

driving market. istijmd', assembling, asattraction


; ;

defying danger. jV.i^j4-,^ istibsdr, good news, or rejoicing at such teaching (the Gospel). j\.a.j-...\ istibsdr, looking closely,
;

JLjjL.\ isHbsdl,

sembly career (swiftest running of a horse). |.U.^j>-.^ istijmdm, recreation rest;

^W;;.\ istihdsa-t,

digging and ex;

examining

sagacity.

gLi(ju\ istibdd',
Ua<Ju\ istibtd, late,

sorting goods
;

for

delaying

being slow,

ploring of the ground export. jVjs,^ istihdr, crowing of the cock in the morning early depari istihdra-t, disquisition, ture X. of ( jy^) astonishment, x.
;

or

deeming anyone to be
concealing.

so

waiting with impatience.

yUa>s,\ istibtdn,

jU^j;-\ istib'dd,

removing to a

dis-

tance, departure.
JU.. j...\
istib'dl,

taking a husband,

marrying.

change, transforbeing undulated being impossible or absurd. >_>U^j:-.\ istihbdb, loving, longing for supererogation. (i^Uajc^ istihsds, spurring on, urgi3Va=i-\ istihdla-t,

mation

^Af^
J!XiJu.\

istibgd', desire,

^^<J^\ istibqd',

longing for. keeping alive. recovery. istibldl, wetness


;

ingi>\A&i-.\ istihdds,

receiving of news
fresh.

deeming new or

gVfl^x-^

istibhdj,

joy,

cheerfulness,

merriment.
istibhdm, obscurity, abstruseness. jVxs-.\ istitdr, hiding one's self.
(.Vg-o-.^

jl.\ai_\ istihddd, sharpening. yU.ajc-,\ istihsdn, approval praise


;

admiration
jlaasJu,\

taking as a favour. istihsdd, being ripe for har;

vest.
J\-oa5i_\

f,\x^\

istitdm, completion,
istisbdt,
istisqdl,

wish to

complete.
ut>VJis-,\

ing
perseverance. molestation, deem;

istihsdl, acquiring, obtaingathering.

yU3jfci-.\

istihsdn, retiring to
;

a for-

JUix-.\
Ujix\

tress

intrenching.

ing anyone a bore. istisnd', exception sion praise.


;

jU&i-.\ istihddr,

exclu-

&iVq5x-.\ istijdba-t,

listening

favour-

summoning before. tUa,i\ isfihfdz, preserving in memory, recollection.


isiihqdr, treating
;

ably,
Sj^sf,x-.\

complying with a request.


istijdda-t,

jVa^jL.\

with con-

finding

good,

tempt
(V^s,^

scorning

vilifying.

Sj^j,,i-\

choosing the best. istijdra-t, asking for proassistance


;

tection or renting.

hiring,

istihkdm, strengthening, fortifying ; corroboration ; promoting securing.


;

-*!^a"\

istihldf,

demanding

an

; ;

^
oath adjuring lemnly.
;

35
swearing
sojVi.Ai^\

s^**iT

istidqdq,
istidldl,

accuracy

puncti-

liousness.
J!5xu-\

J!^si-.\ istihldl,

deeming or making
(of

bringing
;

forth

lawful perty)
jU.iteX\

prescription

pro-

proofs, demonstration for reasons.


^\iAx-,\

asking

istihmdl, patience

tolera-

istizMr, reminding, recalling


recollection.

tion

resignation.
;

to

memory,

(UasJu\

istihmdm, bathing a warm bath.


istihyd',
;

taking

JSax-.^ istizldl,
lUis-,\

contempt

vilifying.

WajJ'-^

bashful
SjWyi-^

being ashamed or remaining alive. istihdra-t, prayer for good


&c.
;

things, blessings, for good.


Wat!~.^

desire

istizmdm, deserving blame ; asking protection. i_jUAi^\ igtizndb, following closely being terminated suspecting. A}\jp!-.\ istirdba-t, doubting, suspect;

ing-

istihbd',

pitching

a tent

Wyu.^
;

istirdha-t,
;

hiding one's self. jWay-\ istihhdr, inquiring.


(.\.\sai-.\

ing, resting ing.


y}i\jxJ\

tranquillity

smelling; repospaus;

istihddm, making use of or hiring one's services; looking out for work or service.

istirdq, theft.

E^y~*^ istirtdj, giving voice.


W-;Ji-i

way

of the
suppli-

^Asis-^ istihzd', self-humiliation.

istirjd',

petitioning,

extraction derivation choosing. li5tJi-.\ hiding one's self istihfd'


g\^^;i..\ istihrdj,
; ; ,

cating. W-yi-\ istirjd',

back
l4.yi-.\

asking reclamation

or taking wish to

absconding.
^ViajjX-.^

return.
despisistirhd', relaxation.
^\.&.jxJ^

istihfdf, slighting,

ing

making

^joSka-s-.^

light of. istihlds, setting at liberty,

desire to liberate. ,j!ibfcs-.\ istihldf, leaving ants ; succession.


j\ju-t

istirhds, cheap bargain wish for cheapness bartering. jWjJu.\ istirddd, asking or taking
;

descend-

back,

demanding

restitution

remonstrance.
Ujyui\ istiridiyd, oyster.

surrounding istiddra-t, being circular or globular. iu^jkx..^ istiddma-t, perseverance endurance. &\jix-.^ istiddna-t, borrowing. j\ijLsu.\ istidbdr, returning, turning tardy wisdom. one's back to
; ;

\a,^\

J\ jyu.\ istirzdl, contempt, disdain. istirjd', demanding a bribe.


istirsdd,

jU^\
UyL^

being rightly di-

rected.
Uyi.\ istirdd', striving to please.
istir'd',

committing to
enslaving.

an-

JUjlx-\

istidhdl,

desire

to

enter

other's care.
j\ijju.\ istirqdq,

intermeddling.
g\jOa~.\ istidrdj,

jUyi-^ istirfdd, seeking help.


uiLx-.\

advancing by steps
comprehending, un;

istarak, storax.

or degrees.
i2!\jja-.^

csUrfyo-\
^tjVAj*..\

astarmuk, ostrich.
istirhdb, frightening.

istidrdk,
;

reachacquiring derstanding improving, overtaking ing,


;

y\jbyi-\ istirhdn,

taking a pledge.
;

cUjX-\ istirwdh, resting


6j^ji-.\ istizdda-t,

smelling.

mending.
\fiXiJ\

istid'd',

humble
prayer

request;
for

6j\yu.\ istizdra-t,

asking for more. asking for a visit.


at,

soliciting.
gUjLs-.^

JS)X-\ istizldl, slipping.

istidfd',

the

averting of

evil.

jUf~A-^ istishdr, mocking sport of.

making

; ;

;; ;;

J\

36
ii\ixJ\
istiddfa-t,

-\

j\As-.^

istisddd,

stopping, locking

request for help,

up.

for hospitality.
isiisrd',

\r~^^
j^j~-x-.\

travelling at night-

cs)U=^x-\ istidhdk,

laughing or mockapprobation
;

time.
istisrdr,

ing

at.

clouds
self.

being covered by (moon) hiding one's


;

ijUsx..^

istitaba-t,

liking, finding agreeable


tion.
jUax-\ istitdr,

ablu-

V*!^^

istis'd',

effort

haste.

drawing, delineation
;

uU.M,..T...\

iatis'dd,
;

ness

wish for happihappiness wishing joy


;

description.
fcU=i..,\

istitd'a-t, possibility

being

for help. VttwJ^^ istisqd', desire for taking drink ; dropsy.


j!^-u.\
istisldf,

demand

capable

of,

able to

obedience.
;

drink
;

&3U=x-\ istitdla-t,

._>Lki-\ istitbdb,

prepayment

ad-

length victory. wish for a physician or a medicine.


digression. desire for food.

vance of money. j,!^~x-.\ istisldm, submission, obedience conversion to Islam.


;

j\jLs-.\ istitrdd,

|,Uki-.\ istit'dm,
g!!isx-\

istitld',

inquiry;

trying to
setting

jU.~s-.\ istisndd, reclining against,

fathom one's mind.


jS^!=x-\

leaning on.
JV
(l

istitldq,
;

delivery,

....?...\

istishdl,

commodiousness
(

free j~^g.

stool.

ease.
jjVAi-,\ istisdra-t,

" \ istatlas, asphalt.


istizhdr,
;

consulting, asking

JiMii-\ istizldl, sitting in


_,Vaki-\

for advice. &Lsu\ istiMna-t, disapproval. jUax-,\ istWdr, conception of fear. 14AJL..\ isti^fd', wish for recovery indulging one's desires. fUAi-.\ istiSfd', asking for intercession.
_i\A.iJw\ istisfdf,

the shade. seeking for protec-

tion
ij\*xJ\

protection.

s j\jts_\ isti'dza-t,

isti'dra-t,
;

phor
diUi_^

refuge to God. borrowing meta;

^5 isti'driyy,

borrowed

falsified

isti'dda-t,

metaphorical. wish for exchange.

^U>&a..\

transparency. istismdm, smelling

(a.),

jUju\ isti'bdr, taking


rating.
(.V^!*i_.\

snuB.ing.
4>l9.^;ju.\

reducing to slavery. an example. JV^^i-.^ isti'jul, hastening, accelejL*x.,\ isti'bdd,

istishdd, taking or
;

ing evidence
ambition.

demandmartyrdom.

j\^AxJ\ isti^hdr, eagerness for glory,

stammering, isti'jdm, speaking in a barbaric or un-

intelligible

manner,
so.

deeming

&Ux.\ istisdba-t, approval. W-aa-^ istisbd', childishness, childish

one to speak
^.i*;!.\

manners.
associating, wishing for one's company. j;U-<u-.\ istishdh, soundness, health.
t^Uf^ix-.^ istishdh,

isti'dd', asking for help or vengeance against an enemy.

o\.xxi-.\

merit
,\.i*x-.\
Vj*i...\

readiness skill tendency. isti'ziir, asking excuse.


isti'ddd,
; ;

^jU<ax-.\ istis'dh, difficulty.


jU>s-i\

isti'sd',

rebellion.

istisgdr,

holding in small

Ua~-\ isti'td',
._iUi-.\

estimation, despising, slighting. choice of the best. g!iUii.\ isUsldh, petition for peace. >^\j.axJ\ istisvodh, approval, deeming
\i.axJ\ istisfd',

asking for a gift. courting favour isti'tdf,

right.

with, insinuating one's self into another's good graces ; soliciting(Ui*i-.\ isti'zdm, striving for great-

8UxJ\ istidd'a-t, desire to be enlightened.

ness considering esteem!


;

as

great

;;

^
^i^\
isti'fd',
;

87
ietifrdg, vomiting ; rejecting. jlwii-\ istifsdd, tendency to injure. jl~.ii_\ istifsdr, request for explanation, information question. ;
c!ias-.\ istifldh,

asking pardon or ab-

^\jiixJ\

resignation (of an office); deposition. ^\ija^\ isti'fdf, abstinence abstemiousness.


;

solution

v>Us-.\

'i*^\

isti'ld,

isU'qdd, credulity. elevation.


isti'ldj,

well-being.

e!\*i-,\

medical treatment,

yUis~.\ istifndm, classification. l^3ai-.\ istifhdm, wish to compre-

cure.
^l\x-,\

hend
asking for informa^a->^

isti'ldm,

desire for inquiry; question.


;

instruction

tion, inquiry.
y!U--.\ isti'ldn, publication. ^Ui-.\ isti'mdr, cultivation, colonisa-

istiqd',

drawing water.

isUx-.^

istiqdta-t,
;

sions
i/V5:i-.\

requiring proviprovisioning.

tion.
JU.x-.\ isti'mdl,
j^g*s-.\

istiqdma-t,
;

uprightness
;

employment,
stipulation,

use.

rectitude

sincerity
;

rising

istl'hdd,

con-

tract.

for help. ^'^-^ istigdsa-t, asking for help, for one's right ; appeal. v^j*^-'^ istigrdb, wonder, astonish-

\jxx~,\ isti'wd', call

dwelling fortitude the value of goods nancy.


;

estimating (m.) preg-

gLas-.\

istiqbdh,

detesting,

abhor;

ring.
J\^;;J\

istiqbdl,
;

ment, amazement. ^j\jAi-.\ istigrdq, being submerged


exaggeration.
V'ii'**-''.

ception

going to meet refuture ^J istiqbdliyy,


;

future, impending.
JUos-.^ istiqtdl,

murderous disposi-

istig^d',

covering,

veiling

tion, blood-thirstiness.

one's self.
jUx-.\ istigfdr,

asking forgiveness,
being bound to do

repentance, deprecation.
^j!Us-.\ istigldq,

istiqddm, going in advance; wish to surpass, j^^ai-.^ istiqrdr, confirmation, ratification settling down.
(^.Xax,.)

surpassing
;

obscurity.
tx-^ istignd',

yo\yyu.\ istiqrdd,

borrowing

asking

being satisfied; not being in want of a thing, therefore contemning it supercilious;

for a loan.
Uai-,\
istiqsd',
;

ledge
tion.

desire disquisition

for knowinvestiga-

ness.

i*^
^ix^\ c

istigndm, exploiting.

yeUix-,\ istiqsds, thirst

for revenge; for pay-

istigwd', fraud, deceit.

requital.
tatt*-.^

Sj\Ax-.\ istifdda-t,

advantage, gain.
publication
;

istiqdd',

demand

&\Ai-.\ istifdda-t,

over-

ment.
jUaax-.\ istiqtdr,

flowing
&iUx,\

abundance.
recovering
confill.
;

dropping, dripping.
covetousness, ava-

istifdqa-t,

jVaSiM.\

istiqfdl,

sciousness
iiV4;-.\

superiority. istifdha-t, eating one's

rice.

Vxii-\, istiftd',

consulting the Mufti,

JSfe_\ istiqldl, absolute power, full

powers, proxy.
&jli;L-.\

a lawyer.
cUiJ-.\
istiftdh,

summons
^\yii..\

asking for help to open, to surrender breeding


poultry,

istikdna-t,

submission, subarrogance, pride

missiveness.
jV<iow\
istikbdr,
;

demanding an explanation.
istifrdh,

pigeons, &c.
j\jAx.T

choosing the largest. keeping (.(jdls-.^ istiktdm,


secrecy
;

secrets,

istifrdr,

running

away,

taciturnity.

flight.

\iisj^\ istihsdr,

increasing the quau-


.\


38
;

tity

wanting

more

wanting

yVXfci-\ istimkdn, capability

taking

or using a large amount.


\^Sou\ istikrcV ,

hold of
iJ:iuJi-\

hiring, renting.

consolidation. isiimldk, taking possession.


;

8\^;t^^ istikrdh, detesting, aversion,

ja*i-.\

istimldl,

disgust,

bad hu-

abhorrence, contempt. ^_>\ i.x~,\ isti/csdb, gain, earnings. ._iU&^x-^ istik^df, uncovering, elucidation close observation.
;

mour.
yU-~-\ istimndn, asking a favour. J\*s-.\ istimhdl, asking for delay. ^\jjJ\ istindd, reclining on, leaning against, standing firm. flj\j!JL.n* seeking light, istindra-f,

s_>;i^~.\ istiJddb,

hydrophobia
;

rav-

ing madness

rage.
;

jUXs\ istikmdl, completion bringwishing to ing to perfection complete or make perfect.


;

illumination, enlightening the heart. sleepiness ; iUUs_\ istindma-t,

li~) istild',

melting.

^!iu-\ istildb, plundering.


f,'i;iJ\

istildm, submission; venera;

dreaminess. yU~,\ istindn, viii. of (i^), cleansgalfriskiness ing the teeth


; ;

tion

kissing
(^1-)
;

with

reverence,

VIII. of

lop.

istil'dm,,

mis-

alliance, X. of (("S).

5Wi5~>\
self.

istiljdj,

claiming for one's

istimhd', seeking instruction, information. LUi;^\ istimbdt, discovery, invention deducing from or referring
IfJsJi
;

jV^Ixm,\ istilhdq,

accompanying.
pursuing,
perse-

to

an authority.
istintdj,
;

(^U-.\

istilhdm,

gU~s-.^

logical

inference,
free,,

cution.
j\jls_\ isiiZzaz, relishing,
in, delight.

conclusion

result.

delighting

^sii-.\

istinjtl',
;

getting
;

desire

for liberty

^\^j\ istitzdm,
VsIli-,\

deeming necessary
meeting
;

forgiveness
tion.

asking for relief or abluobtaining


;

forcing from.
istilqd',

catching
falling

jVa-^ii-^ istinjdh,

desire for success


issue.

what has been thrown; on one's back.


de^Uji-.^

fulfilment,
ijVat^:;-.^

happy
;

istinjdd,
istinjdz,

asking for help or

istimdha-t, begging, asking for pardon. gUj;-.^ istimd', hearing, listening. l!Ui-.\ istitnula-t, caressing, gaining or courting favour with.
gUj:-.\

protection
jVj^a;l.-\

recovery.

despatch of busi-

ness.
y..Vjtjji...\

istinjds, soiling, polluting,

defiling.
)i\jk.u-.\

istimtd',
;

enjoying

usu-

istinddh, success.
istinzdl,
;

fruct
j\jl4Ju.\

celebration of a feast in
istimddd, asking for sup;

Mekka.
plies, subsidies, aid

J^y;^-.^

tion
\.~.i. ...\

hospitable recepdismissal from office.

"

istinsd',
;

extension

payment
^^\
:~,\

asking for delay of begging to forget.


claiming or approv;

reach; prolongation.
\j*x-,\

istimrd', digestibility.

istinsdb,

j\j*^
;

istimrdr,

persisting, perse;

deriving descent from


ing.
j\
.s^\

vering, continuation ing finding bitter.


g\v*;i-\

proceed-

istinsdh,

copying
;

ietimzdj, inquiring for one's

ing
VA.;i_\

effacing

correctabolishing.
;

is)L.*;u.\

health. istimsdk, holding fast, re-

istin^d\ smelling, snuffling

examining.
tUa;;.\

taining.

istin^dt, shrinking, shrivel-

uubUx^\ istimkdt, suppuratioo.

ling.

; ;

89
^U.i;w,^ istinsdf, breathing through the nose, inhaling.
{;Uis\ istinsdh, jUi;-,\ istinsdr,

-\

asking advice. asking help

vic-

tory.
_

jUiix-,\

istinzdr,
;

pectation
respite.
,_^Uis-.\

wish to see exasking for a delay,


;

equanimity (m.) patience being well done (cooked); ripeness; getting of full age \y~.'i\ y. hattu-'listawd', equator. ii\jjx^\ ustautdh, alas woe
; ; ; ;
! !

uniformity

ij<~'\ istiyy,

fundamental.
a
sin.

W^^
mercy,
of

istiyd', VIII. of (U.), toleration

istingds, (m.) pity,

an

evil or

compassion.

jU^

j^ir\ istiydr, viii. of (;#-),

making

istinfdd,

emptying, voiding.
;
;

jUix-\ istinfdr, flight refuge (m.) aversion. jU^ju.^ istinfdq, spending money.
.JUu.\

for a journey ; isti'dr, X. of (j^j), running away,


flight.

provision

yUiJ
i3^*x-.\

isti'dg, ((j-S>),

despair.

istinqdz, rescue, escape, sal-

istiydq, driving along,

urging

vation.
ij*^^^-*^^^

on.

isiinqdS, painting, istinqds,

engrav-

usJVja-^ istiydk,

ingyoUix-.\

the

'^\f

* miswdk.

pick the teeth with

demanding
;

an

JW*-^
jWe^!-^

isti'dl (J\j),

assemblage.

abatement of price
gVa~i-i\
|,lius~.\

disapproval. istinqd', stagnation. istinqdm, revenge (m.).

istibdl (Ji^),

unwholesome

condition of the
gUjwL-.\ istisitj (g>)),

air.

dense growth.
preference,
(/;),

glCu-.^ istinkdh, marrying. j '.v.i\ istinhdd, aversion. jV^i~.\ istinkdr, denying, refusing

jUsi-.\

isti'sdr
;

(/^),

distinction
self
;

claiming for one's


;

solitude
;

isUsdr

not knowing; abhorrence (m.). jVX-.^ istinkdf, declining, refusing, rejecting disdaining
;

horror.
yoVjis-.\

astonishment. jUjjw.^ istisaq firmness (kj'j), Standing firm. isUsdn (e>j), being or y^t
;
.

molestation

istinhdd, rousing, inciting,

growing
g-js-.^ istij,
>.^t;^_j*-'^

fat

increase, plenty.

ordering to do anything.
^\^iJ\

shuttle.
istijdb,

means
i(V9i.\

istihdm, throwing of arrows.

lots

by

worthiness

ap-

proval
J^s^x-.\

deeming necessary.
(fA), hiring, renting. asking a (J=i-^), respite reaching a
;

istihdna-t,

contempt.
;

j^^i-.\ isti'jdr

\i^xJ\ istihdd', desire for direction

isti'jdl

attaining one's end.


\yixJ\

delay,

istihzd', derision,

mocking
;

at.

term.
tjV:5-ia-.\ istij df('~i-^}),

vs)Skai-.\

istihldk, destruction, annihi;

consumption lation tion mortal enmity.


;

dilapida-

oVart^:-^

istihdd
isti'hdz

{^^)),

being in love. being alone,

solitariness.
jVfes-<^

J%i-.\

istihldl,
;

new moon month; exordium


fulness.
jUax.\

appearance of the beginning of a lunar


(m.)
;

(>^^),

stumbling

from near-sightedness.
_jV^2i-.\

cheer-

isti'hdr
;

(j^^),
;

remaining
procrastina-

behind
tion.
\ji*-\
;

delaying

istihmdm, zeal and carefulness in doing anything instiga;

isti'dd' ((j'*^),

asking help

stimulation. tion U9i-\ istihnd', asking help.


\jg;u.\

importunity.
^A(JiJ\' istidd' (gJj), trusting with
se-

istihwd',
;

enchantment;

a deposit
(j^JiSi-.^

duction making fall in love. \yu\ istiwd', being equal, parallel

isti'zdn (y-i^),

recommendation. asking leave,

permission.


^
i>;\j*i_^

; ;

40
irri-

Ju\
%:X^\ istild'

istirdh (^j), watering,

(j_55j),
;

gation.
j^^*i^\ istirdd (Jjj), invitation
;

dominion
(m.)

victory; conquest; authority.

oie~-.\ istildd (jJ^),


;

acknowledgment

gain.
j\j-i-,\

istizdr (jjj),
istizd,'

appointment as
praying
for

vizier.
(gj^),

g^jft^^

divine inspiration.
^-*=-^ isti'sd' ()-''\),
;*

consolation.

of a child desire to beget. ^U~l isti'mdr (j"^), consultation. yU^\ isti'mdn (i^"^), confidence; imploring for protection. ^^S^'-\ isti'nd' ijj^), expectation. y-Uii-l isti'nds (lt-'^), familiarity,
sociability
;

Sx~.\

isti'sdr (j-^), taking captive ; istisdr (j~^), being easy, comistisd' (5-j),
;

approving

(s.).

modious, in good order.


gU.,ou\

fc_iUi-\ isti'ndf ('-^^), beginning. w.Va,wu.\ istihdb (s-*^) asking

abundance
y\

great extent opportunity.


((^)), sleep.

gift.
J'^^Xx~A isti'hdl CJ*^)j worthiness. ^^-.\ asjdd, tribute capitationtax tributary Jews and Christians isjdd, adoration. gU5-.\ asjd', rhymes, cadences, pi. of j^--. saj'.
; ; ;

ixj\ istisdn
istisd'
;

W*-^

(i^)), wish to make a commission. JUss-,^ isti'sdl (J*^), taking root


will

eradicating, extirpating, destroyingj;Lisi^\ isttddh

e==-^

i^j), asking exact information.

strict inquiry,

asjah, tioned.

f.

sajhd', well proporasdji',

icjj^_\

usju'a-i, pi.

rbymed

istiddm (i*^)), offence. ylko:-.^ (yJ=>j), istitdn dwelling, settling down in a place.

(W^^

prose. jW-.\ ashdr, mornings, pi. of ^fe sahar iskdr, early sunrise
;

^at^

(o*j), satisfaction exhaustive treatment of a matter (m.)

istifd'

full
;

payment,
;

coming early in the morning.


(3W-.\
4j)ij&-.^

entire

ishdq, Isaac

removal, &c.,

IV. of

(o*^).

indemnity, damages
jU*i_\
istifdr

{f)),

revenge. receiving or
;

ishildiiiyya-t, tall,

handsome

woman.
asham, f. sahmd, black; pi. asdhim, horn cloud leathern bag for wine raven blood. _)Vai&-\ ishinfdr, swiftness talka(&-^
;

granting full payment. jU,>s.\ istifdz (j*^), being on the being always in readiwing
;

ness.
yiU-x..^

istifdd (o=>j), haste

pur-

tiveness.
y\^a,-.\

suit
jlnjjt..,!

banishment.
istifdq {ij^)),

ushuwdn,
ashiya-t,

>-j^!-\

ushiib, vo-

imploring the

racious.
**s-^

grace of
jU-x..^
fire.

God

assistance.

membranes
pi. of
;

of

istiqdd (-^j), shining of the


istiqdz
;

papyrus, &c.,

^W-

W-

sahdt/a-t, q.v.

ushiyya-t,

sahd and

tVa~;t_\

(^i),

waking, being

parchment.
k-*^&-.\ ishdf,

awake

attention, being on one's

imbecility.

guard. gU-*-\ istiqd' (gij), anxiety expecsharpening. tation ^UL>;i,..^ istiqdf ('-**j), standing, waiting. yVaAi-.\ istiqdn d^k), knowing for certain, making certain of.
; ;

f^^ ishain^^l^:&:~.\
iJ^~-\ is/jiiia-t,

asham. hot fever.

tj=^^ as/ia, more or most liberal. W^^^ ashiyd', pi. of ^_sJ& sahiyy,
liberal.

(x\) asad, I, (also ii.) cause discord, rebellion scold, abuse

asid,

be

frigbtened a
lion
;

at

j^jju.^ istiqdh (H)),

obedience.

sight

of

have

the the

;, ;;

; ; ;

Ju\

41
;

ierd', travelling

courage of a lion ii. and iv. dog at another animal V. be angry, be like a lion X. be as a lion show courage against anybody (pass.) be irset a
;

by night,
pi.

&c.,

yy\

IV. of (^5^). asrdr, secrets, &c.,


;

sirr

of j-

isrdr,

keeping

secret, &c.,

IV.0f(j-.).
^\y^\ isrd', haste, acceleration.
<J\j.\

ritated against (^JLc 'ala) ; grow vigorously in directions all (plant). A-\ asad, f 8 , pi. usd, dsud, dead, usud, usdcm, ma'sadat, lion ; asadd, who hits on the right i thing, goes straight on asida-t, (8heep-)fold ; asidda-t, pi. of .V. sadd, bodily defect,
.

isrdf, dissipation,

squander-

ing.
J*\;-^ asrdfil, the angel of death. isrd'il, (^\}-'\ isrd'm, , JtsH^-^ Israel.
;

JjV*^

V/-^ usruh, asruh (Pers.), lead


ts usruhiyy, leaden. g;-.\ asra', swifter, swiftest,

comp.

impediment.
J\a-.\
(^^jju.\
i_iA-.\

of
&c., pi. of
iS}~>\

gj;-* sart'.

asddl,

curtains,

JjA-i aadil.

pi.
V>/-^

asra, nobler, more generous of j-\ asir, captive.


asriyd', liberal

isdardn, the shoulders.

men

4j->\

asdaf, black. asdal, pi. sudul, hanging Jji-.^ down ; asdul, veils, pi. of JJ~. sidl, sudl. ^JJkJ\ like a lion asadiyy, i asasdiyy, usdiyy, warp diya-t, warps, &c., pi. of

asriya-t, canals for irrigation, pi.

of ^j^ sariyy, q.v.

u~-^ asas, foundation


of
(j-L.^ asds, id.

usus,
pi.

pi.

^\

asatt, long-footed.

jUa-^

astdr,

lines,
;

SW

satr,

satar

&c.,
istdr,

of jU.
istdra-t,

saddt, q.v.
(j-)) asar,

inp. asr, tie, bind take captive create strong and pass, suffer from powerful ;
i,

J-k.^

story, fable, see jy=-\ astur. istabl=iy^\ istabl, stable,

dysury
quire

thing

up for the reasons of take captive


;

q.v.

lt\^\ ustubba-t,

oakum.

ii.

tie

v.

in-

^\
gS=-^

astur, Unes, &c. pi. of

satr,

any;

X.

be-

satar. k_>3jli-.^ astarldb, usturlab, astrolabe.

come a prisoner
self entirely.

addict one's

asta\

i. sat'd',

long-necked.
-at,

j_r5L.\

istuqis,

pi.

element

y\

rope; sinew; s^^-W rope, lit. (the camel) with its usr, the whole of i.e. all, ^)ii\ /-^ uar al-hM, detention
asr, strap,
;

(a-Toixelov).

i^\ ustumm, waving


;

dysury of j^\

usur,
;

straps, &c., pi.

of the sea place where bees are swarming, middle ; nobler right, just.

isdr
;

asarr,

hollow
;

f. friend sarrd', joy, prosperous condition usra-t, pi. usar, strong coat of mail fortress relationship sirr, asirra-t, pi. of kin ; eurr, line in the palm of the hand surr, umbilical cord ; j^;- sirdr, line in the palm of the hand or on the forehead ; fiy sarw, throne, sofa, &c. \j^\ usard', captives, pi. of />-\ asir

excellent

familiar

Uk.\ ustwmmd', ii*!a-\ ustumma-t, pi. asdtim, middle, core, kernel the best assembly. (^\jt=J\ ustuwdn,h.igh; long-necked; S ustuwdna-t, pi. asdtin, column,
;

pillar;

cylinder;
;

penis
J>\
;

animal

&>j!=-S\

'l-ustuwdna-t, Stoics

of an ahlu(S ustu-

wdniyy, cylindrical.
.ya.\

ustur,

istdra-t,

pi.

ustura-t, also istdr, asdtir, story, tale,

fable, romance.

; ;

iJ\

42
pi.

J-^

Jjk.\
fleet.

uatul
is'dd,

(oToXos),

asdttl,

^^\

asqah, bald.
asqaf, asquf,
;

<-iS~.\

>)W^\

making

happy

or

prosperous.
j\*J\

and crooked trich) bony


;

f. saqfa, long long-necked (os;

hairless

iisquf,

as'dr, prices, &c., pi.


is'dta-t,

of j*-

pi.

si'r.

asdqif, (rrKoiros)

h
;

asaqifa-t,

bishop

usqufiyya-t,
lizard.
pi.

6i,\J\

imbibing by the nose, inhaling causing to do


;

dignity of a bishop; bishopric.


j^aAa-\ isqanqur,

Egyptian

so.

li^\ asqiya-t, leathern vessels,

help, assistance. -^ as'ad, more fortunate, happier, comp. of **- sa'id ; scab ;

>_*\*..\ is'df,

waters, pi. of ,_sSof siqd' siqy abundantly raining clouds, pi. of ^^m saqiyy.
;

mange. f^\ as'ar,


(<_ft-.\)

lean, thin,

meagre.
victuals.

^\^\

isMb, shoe-maker

iskd-

(^Um\ asgdn,
asif.

bad food, bad


A, INF. asaf,
;

ha-t, stopper, cork.

sad,
<-4-\

be angry
;

irritate

iv. render sad,


;

be very

i>lC\ ashdt, remainders

rabble

v. grieve

sigh.
;

moderately warm days after heat isMt, bidding silence,


;

asaf,
soil.

grief,

asif, sorrowful,

sorrow angry f.
;

silence.
dsif,

i_iU-\ isMf,
fa-t,

<

ii^J\

askaf, pi. asaki-

asifa-t,

bad

usafd', pi. of asif, sad, &c. j\i^\ asfdr, travellers, pi. of

^\

shoe-maker, cobbler; blacksmith carpenter artisan.


; ;

journeys, pi. of books, pi. of jir- sifr splendour twilight ; the morning. g\j4-.\ asfardj, asparagus.
sdfir
;
;

^
;
;
.

y^
of

safar
isfdr,

yK-.^ iskdn, causing to stay tinuing to dwell.


S.SJ\

con-

uslnMa-t,

ii~'\

usJcuffa-t,

dawn

lintel.

SiS^\ iskala-t, pi. asdkil, (m.) stairs;

ladder; harbour; scale of taxes,


;

^\
pi.

asfa',

reddish
;

black

al-

&c.
aU-<...\

asfa',

buffalo

hawk

f saf'd',

g- suf, a kind of ring-dove

{j^\

tripod.

Ji-^ asfal, f. sufla, pi. asdfil, low, lower, inferior; al- asdfil, rabble the asfal as-sdfilin, damned ; f. sufla, diabolic
;

iskamla-t, (m.) stool, chair. askan, more quiet, more secure. >-i^\ uskub, flowing poured out
;

shed

full

stream

tishuha-t,

stopper, cork. vJji-.^ MsA;it/=<-iV^\

askdf,

shoe-

magic.
(j)A-\

asfan, (m.) wedge.

maker, &c. ^-X-^ isktm, hood, capouche, cowl.


;

gUi-.\ isfandj, spinage.

gji-^

a isfwnj (o-TToyyos), sponge kind of pastry ij isfunjiyy,


;

spongy. SjaW isfant, aromatic wine. (jjVgi-,^ Isfahan, Ispahan.


^J>J\

(J-^) asul, asil, inf. asal, asdla-t, be oval ; ir. inf. ta'sil, come up to the finger-tops ; sharpen ; V. INF. ta'assul, resemble.

J-\

asfa, f. eafwd', safyd, good ambler; stupid; having a few

asal, rush a tree with long thorns, thorn; top of a lance, S lance asala-t, finger-top
;
;

funny-bone

tip of the

tongue

hairs falling over the forehead. isfiddj, white lead, ceruse (used as paint by women). l>\sL.\ isqdt, causing to fall; miscarriage ; subtraction discount.
e\ji*i-.\
;

penis. ^S-.\ asldf, ancestors, pi. of i-M-. salaf brothers-in-law (sister's husbands), pi. of <-fll-. silf; isldf, paying in advance.
;

;;

; ; .

J-^

43

-.\

fX^] islam, submission to the will of God; humbling one's self;

S^\

asna', great, beautiful.

greater;

more

Islamism.

i*^
(j>-'^

asnima-t,

humps

of camels,

having the nose cut off f a woman who has not painted her finger-tops. ^^\ aslika-t, arms, weapons, pi.
.

">i-^ aslat, f saltd',


;
.

pi. of jU.

gandm.
sub-

asna, higher, highest; lime.


pi. colours.
;

W-^ ashd',

of
lal^

x^ sildh.
;
;

v>W^

ishdh, prolixity

garrulity.

more eloquent pert. (X'\ aslam, i. sulma, more secure, safer in better condition more
aslat,
;

JVg-.^ ishdl,

facilitating; loosening;
pi.

purging.
(V*^

ashdm, arrows,
pi. soft

of

(a-

regular.
>t^-^ usluh, pi. asdlib,

sahm,.

way course
;

O^-^ ashdn,
*>)

sand.
vigilant,

manner, style, method length. &^\ uslufa-t, affinity by marriage


;

fk^\

of sisters and brothers. ism, pi. asmd', asdm-in, asd-

wider awake. (^\) asd, V, INF. asw, ^^^ asan,


ashad,

more

miyy, asmdwdt, name, noun. JU-.\ asmdl, pi. rags. j4^\ asmar, f. samrd', pi. sumr, brown, tawny, deep yellow al-asmar, lance al-asmardn, wheat and water, the lance and water; as-samrd, wheat; cake.
;

make peace cure conexhort to patience in. sole, and V. be consoled; assist out of one's fortune, not out of one's superfluities III. console, and vi. console iv. and viii. each other afford consolation by anything.
nurse,
II.
; ;
;

(;)*-\
-\

asman, fatter plump lusty. asma, more honourable ismiyy, referring to a name, to s asmiya-t, heavens, a noun
;
;

\)^\

aswa',
;

f.

sau'd',

nable
pi.

worse

aswd',

bad

abomievils,

of U samd'. ((^\) asan, v, i, asin, a, inp. asan, usiin, change colour and taste remember V. INF. ta'assun,
pi.

sau' ; pi. of \f~' sawd', of equal, &c. j\^^ iswdr, uswdr, pi. asdwir, asdmra-t (Pers. j^^ sawdr), horseuswdr, bracelet ; walls, man ;

pi.

oi jy sur.

things past tarry, delay ; take after one's father ; change colour
;

^5^^\
y\j-\

aswdq, markets, &c.,

pi.

of

jj- %.
aswdn, sad, sorrowful. -iyA aswad, f saudd', pi. sud, black
.

and
0~>^

taste.
;

usun, pi. dsdn, character dsin, corrupted (water). y-\ asann, with more or stronger asunn, teeth, pi. teeth ; older ; s asinna-t, id. of (^ sinn ; arrow-heads, pi. of i;)^^ sanan. jIu.\ asndd, props, supports, pi. of

blacker, very black


s-la5\

(>)-'\)

^^r*

saudd' (aswad) al-qalh, the innermost heart ; f . saudd', gall

x~* sanad ; isndd, isndda-t, pi. referring to asdnid, quotation an authority ; relation between subject and predicate; imputing; ascending ; causing to ascend. LU-\ asndt, pi. of IU_ sandt, beard;

melancholy ; original sin ; alf aswaddn, dates and water ; >j^^ pi. asdwid, black snake j\jJ\ asdwid ad-ddr, household

pi. utensils ; or furniture usawwid (dim.), Sudan, negro ; usud, Uons, pi. of blackish ;
^ aswida-t, dark ; objects in the distance, &c., pi. of J\^ sawdd. ^j\'ij-\ aswaddni-y, blackish. ^^iyA aswadiyy, black.

Ju.\

asad

less.

0U>.\ asndn, teeth, &c., pi. of


sinn.

(^

; ;

^**A

44

u:^^

ijf\ aswira-t, bracelets, rings, pi. of j^j-> siwdr, suwdr. <-iy-\ asuf, sad ; touchy. v3^^ as'tiq, legs, pi. of jV-. sdq; aswaq, f. sauqd', long-legged, long-shank. ^yA aswiyd', pi. of ^^j- sawiyy, equal, &c. ast, (j_j->\) asa, INF. asy, reserve A, INF. ^5-\ asaw, be sad, sorrow-

jW

i^d/ra-t,
;

signal
lusion.

pointing to; sign, advice ; command ; al

J5.W
li\t\

a^ds,

add^a-t,

merriment.
public,
di-

isd'a-t,

making
awls,

vulging.
^J\jk\

asdfi,

pi.

of

^5^^

^W

asfan. as' am, ill-omened

pi. asd'im,

ful.
fj->\
.

dsi, f 6 sad dd, qA ds-in, physician ^^\ asan, sadness art of the physician usan, patience usiyy, remaining small traces of old dwellings pieces of furniture or utensils S dsiya-t, woman who circumcises girls, undertakes cures; support pillar firm building. -iW-^ asydf, swords, pi. of >-a~' of banks, pi. shores, saif
, ; ;

the unfortunate left hand.

su'ma, the
&c., pi. of

1jW aSdwdt, things,

^^ iai', Se. i^\ asdwiz, form,


S^U.\

figure.

aMwa-t,

addyd,
dai'.

(j)^^ things, &c.,


I,

aMwi,
pi.

WW
jj*"
;

of

(s-^^) asal,

u, INF. adb,
;

-Ai- stf;

pi.

crowds of people.
asydndt, asdyd,

Q\fA asydn,
i*-\

pi. -un,

asib, a, entwine INF. asab, be thickly grown set people ii. entwine (tree) v. viii. one against another be thickly grown be mixed up, mingled.
I,

mix,
;

blame

sad, sorrowful.

'--J>>\

usayyid, dim. of J^\ aswad, blackish. jfA asir, pi. asra, usdra, usard', bound captive slave. y~*~>\ asis, foundation. i-4*^ asif, sad touchy, susceptible barren, sterile ; old man ; slave ;
; ; ;

ab,
grown
;

adab, complication

complicated
t~*>^
;

discord thickly
asib,

of battle

j*^

yawm

day

udba-t, wolf.

jUa^ aSbdh, indistinct objects in a


distance, &c., pi. of jUa\ asbdr, spans, pi. of
gl<A\
isbd',

j^

sabh.
sibr.

j^

satiating,

client; mercenary.

J-^ asil, having an oval cheek or also i asila-t, face ; smooth ; flux of water. It^ asma-t, pi. asdyin, character.

insertion of a longation. ^La\ usbdniyy, with red cheeks,

satisfying letter of pro-

moustaches.
\.jA^

j5>\ a^, es,

from

ij-i)

es,

for ^_^

ayyu iay-in, how ? what ? dry bread. {JA) aii, I, INF. ass, rise
bestir

^5\

&*A

aii,

asbdh, similitudes, &c. pi. of sibh, sabah iibdh, resembling, resemblance, iv. of
;

and
JiasS,

(M.).
&-tJA

one's

self

asbah,

{J-e>

more
of

alike,

more
dis-

beat
^^VjUi^
li\it\

down leaves. aMMniyy, crimson.


;

similar.
uVs4i^
ill-

astdt, pi.

ui~6>

satt,

uMha-t, pi. asdyib, rabble acquired wealth.


gif!*'^

persed, &c.
i)\.jji4>\

istibdh,
;

being

gi5.U\ asdji', pi. of

a.ya', brave,

complicated
ture.
4V<jisb\

confusion,

entwined, mix-

&c.
t;\A.\

i,v(/^,

vMh, leathern
;

belt.

istibdh,

resemblance, simi;

iS^\

Isdda-t, raising

announcement

one's voice; building.

litude ; scruple.

ambiguity

doubt

; ; ;

; ;

v>a\
j\asa\ Utiddd, violence; strengtli;

45
\'^\

making compact,
\r'M
istird',

tight.

buying.

yf^\

iUirdr,

gUA\
isJ^jjiAi^

chewing the cud.

iitvrd\ legislation.

addd', pi. of Afit- Sadid, strong, &c. j\a4.^ aiddq, comers of the mouth, Ac, pi. of v3.Mi Mq, Sadq. asdah, vast, spacious.

t^

Utirdh, companionship ; reception into a society. jUyiM usturgdz, thistle. JUa4i^ i^ti'dl, inflammation ; conflagration ; grey-headedness. JUxAil iMigdl, occupation.
\ixA>\ istifd',

^^\

recovery. iMiqdq, derivation of a word from another word or a root. \^^ iitikd', complaint, lamentation; reproach. jlXsA^ iMildq, (m.) surmise, supposition.
j3\5x4.\

JU:;Ai^

iUimdl,

containing,
;

com-

prising.
W**"^ istihd',
2i>VeAi\
^<^sj>,\

appetite

desire.

iitihdSi-t, testimony.
istihdr,

being
;

known,

re-

nowned,
divulging.

fame

publication

^\.t^\ istiydq, longing for, yearning, desire.


'^^'\

istiya-t,

winters,

pi.

of

lJi>

aSdaf, f. ^adfd', left-handed; of hand or arm leaning to one side ; strongly bent (bow). jA4i\ a^daq, f. sadqd, pi. ^udq, with large corners of the mouth ; glib, fluent, eloquent. i, (^^) adar, u, inf. a/r, saw ; INF. a^r, file old teeth so as to become sharp ar, a, inf. adar, be merry, jolly; shine (lightning) ; ii. file the teeth IV. saw ; VIII., X. have one's teeth filed. a^r, asar, boisterous merri/^^ ment ; wantonness ; asar, uiur, pi. uiur, sharpness and polish of the teeth ; asir, a^ur, pi. -im and uSur, jolly, boisterously merry ; isr, u^ra-t, pi. wsar, a toothed blade (saw) ; as'arr, f surra, worse, more or most wicked (comp. of

maimed

^itd'.

jtj^

Sarir)

aiira-t,

woman

^\

amjj, with a broken skull; with a scar on the forehead.


asjdr, trees, pi. of

with

filed teeth.

\^\ adirrd',

jl^\

;^

sajar.
;

wicked
f.

pi.

pi.

of f.^ iarir, bad, of ^5jA\ airan,

yfA\ aSjar, f. iajrd', abundant (s.) plant with a stalk, tree.

2^\

a^ja',

f.

sajd', pi. suju', ^ijd',


;

courageous lion quick very long time a poisonous snake.


^ajdyi', brave,

swift,

^^^\

asja,

more sorrowful.

region ; district. s^V*^ i^rdh, admixture of a different colour ; impregnating ; watering. j\jA^ ahdr, pi. of sarr and jj/ S idrdra-t, Sarir, wicked, &c. ; large herd of camels.

Wa\

(jA\) ah, A, INF. a^ah, be angry. aHhhd', &*a\ asihha-t, pi. of p>a> ^ahih, miserly, avaricious,

g\;*i\

asrd',
;

Sard'
wJ^/>\

sails, &c., pi. of divine laws, pi. of icjA

^^

r'a-t.

&c.

yoWA^
,j6A\

aShds, persons, &c., pi. of

yOsiA iahs.

aSham, getting grey (hair) without vegetation.

of <-iti^ iarif, projecting parts of the body (ear, nose). y}\j4i\ iirdq, rising of the sun shining, flashing, resplendent.
aSrdf,
pi.

noble, &c.

M,\ asadd,

more violent, stronger harder, used to form comparaaiudd, u6udd, strength tives ;

ta)^jA\

pi.

vigour of

life.

asrak, companionships, &c., companions, of "JsJ/" Sirh ; isrdk, &c. pi. of sli/' sarik; giving companions to God.


;; ;

46
fA\
jUk\
a^fdr, edges, /w/r, ia/r.
a^tttjT,

jA\

(:}^j^\

ahdn,
as'riba-t,

pi.

aMri,

brisk,

&c., pi. of

/*
on

sprightly.
^jjA^

drinks, &c., pi. of s^V" ^ardb. u)^\ a^ras, bad, evil ; quarrelsome lion ; hard, dif6cult ; f sarsd,
;
.

jU.\
(3a&

twilights, &c., pi. of


;

safaq
;

i^/og',

being

one's guard

ning
iiA\

fearing and shunhaving compassion with.


;

bright cloud. ^*\ a^rat, very contemptible, vile. Sj^\ as'ra', prolonged, lengthened;
;

hard ground

aJfah, with large lips.

a large mouth,
salutary,

^J>i>\

more
<-*jA^

excellent.
i.
;

atfa, efficacious
aidfi,
pi. of

more
;

more

a^raf,

sarfd',

pi.

iwr/,

high, sublime nobler, of nobler origin prolonged with battlements ; bat ; t'. long ear ; ^S asrafiyy, a gold coin.
; ;

awl

isf-an, pi. aSdjiyy, 6 asfiya-t, punch


;

^i/a',

medicine.
;

<^ji'\

ahuh,
cj!\jj6.

straps,

bootlaces, pi.

a^aqq, f. iagrga, pi. /m??, balancing in walking long-footed long ussaq, ammoniac (Pers.). jS*>^ as'qar, f s'aqrd', of a bright red
(JA-^
;
.

of
(yi'\

sirdh.

f. fire.

aSram, with a
;

maimed nose
asram
;

(^Vi-.S\ (m.) blunt f,^\ al-asndn, gap-toothed.

i5jA\

aha, more

impetuous

asriya-t, pi. of 0;*> sir-an, bar-

jj4'\

gain. aszar, f
as'dr,
;

sazrd', red,

reddish

looking askance.
^\A.\

hair,

pi.

of

f^
of

^a'r,

^a'ar
si'r.

poems,

&c.,

pi.

j*^

^\jtt4.\ asqardniyy, (m.) reddish. ^aqiyy, Ww-^ a^qiyd', pi. of miserable, wretched. V^^ ishd', complaining, lamenting. JVi^\ askdl, shapes, figures, &c., pi. of Ji^ i'aA;?. )i4i\ ushuzz, saddle-strap ; a sea animal. J^\ aShal, f. iaMd', pi. x'AZ, of mixed colour ; more alike, more similar; more doubtful, obscurer,

^^

gU&\

i^'d',

JV*A.\ is'dl,

shining, resplendent. setting on fire, kindling.

'xA^ as'ab,

broad in the shoulders having the horns distant from one another.
as'as,
;

Ja-^

more difficult more handsome mountain lotus f want, need


; ;
.

askala-t,
;

difficulty;
;

want,

prettiness similarity, need resemblance manner moun;

ii-jt^\

f.

sa'sd', pi.
;

su's, di-

tain lotus.

shevelled
j*.^

dispersed

pole.

as'ar, f
;

ia'ra', pi. ^u'r, hairy,

well overgrown ; more intelligent, judicious ; more po-

woolly
etical
;

aMl, f ^alld, with a maimed hand blind S axilla-t, clothes worn under coats of mail, Ac,
.

pi. of

(;)*4i\

f.

ugly bad
;

fur

crowd
H'dr,

^^
((&\)

asld',

JsIa salil. limbs, &c.,

pi.

of

6 ai'ira-t,

pi.

of

jVa.

underclothing, &c.
aS'an, dishevelled.
asi"a-t, rays,

aiim, A,
f.

INF.

asam,
pi.
;

cause

pain.

i*6.\

&c., pi. of

ftM
g*-

asamm,
a
;

sammd',
.

summ,

Su" and JUa\ asgdl,


Mgl.

g^^A su'd'.
affairs, &c., pi. of

J*a

ayts.\ usgula-t,

work, occupation.
^agwd',
sagyd',
pi.

^^&\

o.vjra,

f.

unequal, splay crooked . eagle.


iwjfw,
;

(teeth),

nose proud, haughty f highest mountain ridge wind from above. ui>Ua\ ihndi, rejoicing at another's misfortune. Ua\ a.hnat, f. samtd' pi. sumt, iutntdn, turning grey. (>a\ asmaq, bloody foam.
straight
; ,

with


^\
J*A< aSmul,
pi.

; .

; ;

47
Carnal, left

U\
Sai', ^i'; troops of followers, &c., pi. of Sjujt, 'a-t. (Vs&\ asydm, f. saimd', pi. Mm, with a mole ; with a black spot black. s-a\ asyah, f. s'aibd', pi. sib, s'uyuh, white-haired, white; as-itb, the days of hoar-frost; W**" lailat ^aibd, last night of the

of

JUa

C**-

hand or
j\^*A\

side.

ismi'zdz,

shudder
INF.

cramp

disgust.
(t)^^)
;

II-

ta'Sin,

wash
isndn,

one's

hands with yUA\


alkali
f.
;
;

umdn,
^rr^jM

usna-t,

moss

of trees.

amah,

^ambd', with fine,


f.

fresh
gi*"^

teeth
f.

pomegranate
hide-

lunar month.
i-i^\

without grains.
as'na',
;

asyah, injuring by the evil

san'd', horrid,

eye.

ous

vile,

disastrous ; more or most shocking, comp. of g***

(w^)

sani'.

S^\

'

ashdd, witnesses, pi. of >J>>^ sahid ishdd, taking to witness attesting bringing proof. a*\ ashah, f. sahbd, white and black, grey glittering barren ; misfortune al-ashab, lion pig ashub, brilliant stars, &c., pi. of sJ^9* sihdh.
;

??) i> u') INF. ass, break into pieces press flat and smooth be strong, have firm flesh yield much milk throng i, shine, flash strengthen, ii.
;

make
^/>\

firm ;
ass,

v.,

viii.

gather,
root,

assemble
iss,

(n.).

uss,

pi.

asus,

foundation.

^\ asd, see
g}^\ asdhi',
of

(y^), ((j^). jtrt^^ asdbi', fingers, pi.

j^\

renowned ala^hardn, drum and flag ashur, months, pi. of j3A> salv. (_59A\ asha, more or most desirable more or most desirous.
ashar,

more

^yA

asba', &c.

^U\

isdba-t,

a hitting shot

right
recti-

aiming; sound judgment


tude.
<-7-=-^\

i5\^\

aswdq, desires,

&c.,

pi.

of

jjA\ aswaz,

i5^ sauq. haughty.


pi. sus,

asdhib, companions, &c., pi. of s-=-^ sahib. jU\ isdd, low ground with stagnat-

ing water between mountains.

y"^\ aswas,

ij'^ aswas,

j.iW

Sausd', blinking, squinting. g^\ aswa', f. saw'd', pi. su,', rough,

ijj.io

asddiq, true sadiq.

friends, pi. of

;W

dsdr, compacts,
;

rugged, shaggy. aswaq, pi. suq, desirous. i!^\ aSwak, f. saukd', hard, stiff. !S^^ aswah, f. ^auM', ugly, and, by
i5j&\

opposition,

handsome
;

proud

isdr, pi. usur, dsira-t, usr tent-rope tent-peg. Aj^\ asdrim, ^j^^ asdrim, crowds, &c., pi. of ftj^ sirm. ^_pW asds, foundations, &c., pi. of
isr,
;

Ac,

pi. of yo\

with the

evil eye

long and swift

ijo\ iss.

(horse), fiery. (^4.^) a/o, I, INF. aSy, invent (lies) ; asi, A, INF. as-an, want, be in iv. cure (a need of ( J^ ala) ;

broken bone).

asdtih, J!=^^ asdtil, stables, of J*!"^ istabl. }i^\ asdgir, S asdgira-t, pi. of j*\ asgar, smaller, &c. JUli dsdl, evenings, pi. of J-\
'.:-Jta\

pi.

^\

asil
is

i isdla-t,
;

firmness

what
;

white spot on the forehead (of a horse). V^^ aSyd', V5L4.\ asydyd, uiA^V^\ asydwdt, things, pi. of ^_^ 4ay'. gL4i\ aSyd', amounts, &c., pi. of
as'iyy,

real high lineage original tenure of an office (not as a substitute). Ui\A asdlif, pi. of h-^\ aslaf, hard

and barren.

;; ; ;

; ; ;

w
i3^^y asdliq, plain fields, pi. of cjlsalaq.

48

M
sembly
;

usda-t, short chemise


;

for a girl.
J*>\

<i^^\ asd'il, evenings, pi. of


asil, i asila-t.

j\^^\ isddr, issuing (an order, &c.)

^i ^

leading back from the watering


asbi, youths, pi.

asb-in, ^Jt^\

place.

of fji^ sahiyy. W-\ ashd', east sab-an.

^^\
'

winds,

pi.

of

W-

asddg, temples and ^ hair thereon, pi. of ^ao sudg.


shells, shell-fish, &c.,

cW-t asbdh, mornings,


subh
;

J^^t asddf,
pi.
;

of <->

pA
5-=\

asbar,

isbdh, dawning dawn. more patient (J^ 'ala).

pi. of (JJio sadaf.

t-^^
)'^\

asdah,

screamer,

brawler
strong

lion.

asba', asbi', asbu' ; isba', isbi', usba', ushi', usbu', pi. asdbi', asdbi', finger; digit;
isbu'
;

asdar, with a broad,

chest.

benefit.

^\

t'^^ asdag, du. asdagdn, the arteries of the temples.

asbag, f. sabgd, with a white top of the ear, the tail, &c. wetted and soiled; violent torrent.

^aA
^^^

asdaq, truer,
asdiqd',

&c.,

comp. of
of

(3>Ac sadiq.

tme

friends, pi.

*-j><-^

asbuha-t,

dawn

of the morn-

iji-^ sadiq.

)^\
^irf^^

ing, early morning. usbu', pi. asdbi', asdbi', finger digit.


asbiya-t, youths, pi.

(^^ asdam, bald.


(/o^) asar,

of ^j~o

sabiyy.

inp. asr, tie up with isdr ; shut up and retain ; break into pieces ; make one well disposed to another ;
i,

the rope

jU>\

(u>^\) asat, I, INF. ast, be without vegetation. C\ asahh, truer ; more genuine, &c., pi. of er^^' sahih S asihha-t, pi. of cW* sahdh, whole, com;

be each other's viii. be abundant and grow high (plants) be thickly overgrown be numerous.
vi.
;
;

III.

be

a neighbour;

neighbour
dsdr, isrdn,
;

plete.
Vto"\ asihhd', pi.

y\
of jT! saMhjimQ,

isr,

usr,
;

pi.

com-

&c. s->W=\ ashdb, companions, &c., pi. of s-^^ sdhib ishdb, foUow;

iiig._
;

cW-\ ishdh, pi. -dt, chapter (m.) making sound, &c., iv. of po
sahh.
jib"^ ashar,
f.
;

usur, ropes, isdr asarr,


; ;

pact oath sin;


4

league obligation by piercing the ear burden


;

pi.

of

jU,\
;

sarrd',

hard
claim

dsira-t, pi.
;

aivdsir,
;

womb;
;

consanguinity

favour

ropes, pi. of isdr ;asirra-t, J^\ pi. of j^^ sirdr, q.v.


;V^
isrdr, perseverance, &c., iv. of

sahrd', white
;

mingled

with red

yellow

al-ashar, lion

sahrd, pi. f. sahdra, sahdri, sahrdwdt, suhar, desert, wilderness.


Jte\

V\ asrad, colder;
sight).
f}'\

sharper (eve^
-^

ashal, hoarse, with a voice.

rough
the

(Jko\)

asad;

asram, poor with a large family; al-asmardn, day and night wolf and raven f sarmd\
; ;
.

ii.
;

cloth with

l'^\ usda-t, q.v.

iv. lock.

waterless desert cooking-vessel.


fSr'\ isirra, asirri,

milkless camel

Ao^ asadd, pi. sudad, turned

enemy

firm resolution.

i isda-t, pi. isad,

place of as-

jljlw\ istibdr, patience, toleration.


;; ;;

Lo\

49
asdtil,

c\

JiJ"^

istabl, pi. asd{ib, asdbil, istabldt, stable.

QaA

usfubba-t, oakum. usi^Ss*.^ isturak, istraq, storax.

_>S^\ isfarldb, astrolabe.


Ukc\ istifd', choice, selection.
C^so^ istildh,
cal
i istildla-t, pi. -dt, re; ;

parts asl-an, with not at ail asal, snake with a venomous breath asil, uprooted rooted firmly usul, evenings, pl. of J^^ asil; 6 asala-t, root snake also isla-t, totality asla-t, the
;
;

principal negative,

conciliation

emendation technimeaning of a word, idiom


;

i5 istildhiyy, in a technical sense, j!Mm\ isfildq, clamour, noise.

whole of a property. J-^ asal, INF. asl, touch or injure the root kill rush upon asil, iNP. asal, get corrupted,
; ; ; ;

<Uiw\

ustumma-t (also ustumma-t, ustumma-t, ustumma-t), (stagnat;

ing) sea water. gUkc\ isfind', artificiality


;

affecta-

tion invention. Si^J\ istiydd, hunting, fishing. s--^ as'ab, more or most difficult. U-=\ isgd', friendly reception consent attention. jA\ asgar, pi. asdgir, asdgira-t, asgarun, smaller, very small ; younger son al-asgardn, heart
; ; ;

C^^

foul (water, meat) asul, inf. firmly rooted, stand firm; be excellent; have a firm character, a noble origin ii. INF. ta'sil, root firmly (a.) consider as firm of character and of noble origin iv. inf. isdl, come in the evening iv., v. INF. ta'assul, be firmly rooted X. INF. isti'sdl, istisdl, root uproot extirpate, destroy.
asdla-t, be
;

and tongue
;

isldh, correction,

emendation;
sill,

f i_s)^ ?W9''') pl.

rectitude.

sugar as-sugra, the minor term in a logical proposition.


>-A\ asaf,

JW asldl, rains, &c. pl. of J-o


q.v.'
t)l^\
asil.
^jsLo^ aslatiyy,
gL<\

Asaph, Solomon's vizier


;

usldn, evenings, pl. of Js-i^


energetic.
;

the grand vizier a pasha having rank of such. lA-=\ asfd', large rocks, pl. of ii^
safdt.
yu>\

aslaj,

hard and smooth


deaf,
f.

deaf.

jJu>\
;

aslah, better, best.


salhd',

asfar, f. safrd', yellow, black saffron al-asfardn, gold and asal-asfar, the Byzantines
;

gS^\ aslah,

mangy

(camel).

sufrd',

bee asfar, emjjtier; more whistling


;

gold

gall

i^\ aslad, hard, miserly.

^\

asla', f.
;

sal'd', pl. su'l, sul'dn,


;

or singing.

bare (ground) shining bald f. misfortune, cala(weapon)


;

j\^\
f.

isfirdr,

yellowness

pallor.

mity.
tJilo\

^Ju>\ asfa, f . safwd',

purer, clearer

aslaf, pl. asdlif, saldfi,


;

hard

rock.

and barren
of fjt^ fofiyy, pure,
J-=\

more

fruitless, to

^*io\ asfiyd, pl.

less purpose.

clear.

^\
Ae>\
gtt\

asqal/,, f.

saqhd', bald.

aslam, whose ears have been cut off, maimed al-aslam, flea.
;

asqar, containing
asqa',
f.

more sugar.
with a white f. the sun.
dsul, root,

,_5U\

asliyy,
;

saq'd',
;

cal

noble

original

radi-

asliyya-t, root (of words).

spot on the head


(J-o\)
asl,
pl.

ii~Juo\ isUt,

usul,
;

*\

origin ; material JU5\ Jo\ asl al-mdl, capital, stock of trade al-usul, the elements, rudiments,

polished and sharp. asamm, i. sanimd\ pl. summ, inexpressible summdn, deaf
;

massive, solid, not resounding;

^\

Ji

fi'l

asamm, verb whose


7

; ;

;;

A
second and third radicals are the same f. hard ground calamity.
; ;

50
^j-e\)

U\
asa,
II.
I,

Ju<,\

fat

INF. pass,

dsiya-t,
;

'A**-''^

ismit, S ismita-t,

silent

and

waste (desert). e^k-^ asmah, brave, bold.


i^^**^

relationship misfortune. asyad,


;

be very be difficult syrup of dates continual favour


asy,
; ;

better for
;

hunting

asmiha-t,

ears

(their

cavi-

ties), pi. of fcU


C*=\

samuh,
;

simclh.

bearing one's head high, proud hard, saidd', lion f. king

sam'd', pi. sum', ascending vivacious bold ; insolent, and, by opposition, dumbf.
;

asma',

rugged ground

Sidon.

founded;
delicate
;

pi.

sword; small and sum'dn, the longest


the
ear

J-o^ asil, pi. wsul, dsdl, asd'il, usldn, evening (between y^. 'asr, asil, firmly q.v., and sunset);

tj*^\

feather in the wing. usmuh, canal of


ear.

{^\ usun,

^\

pi. ropes of a tent. asnd, equals, brothers of the same mother, &c., pi. of ji^ sinw,

sunw.
>_jU\

firm of character and rooted noble hereditary energetic S asila-t, pi. asd'il, evendeath ing death totality the whole of the property. JSk-.o\ usaildl, 0l^\ usaildn, short evening, dim. of Jt-'\ asil.
; ;

asndf, forms, kinds, pi. of sanf, sinf. |,Uo\ asndm, idols, statues, pi. of
-*-=

s-9s^ usaihib, dim. of s->s-^ ashah, stupid. {tj>\) add, INF. add, vex, torment,

of (y^), q.v. -r^ ashah, f. sahhd, pi. suhh, red, bay (camel, horse) blond <,- JU~i\ suhhu-'s-sibdl, with yellow moustaches, the Greeks; al-ashab, lion ; as-sahhd', white wine. (^\) asd, V, INF. asw, grow plentiful and close together. asivd', hills, &c., pi. of Sy" \fc\
; :

f^J^ sanam. (j\lo\ isndn, iv.

grieve

force
ila)
;

to

take
its
;

refuge
;

with {^\
I.,
;

break into pieces


seek
;

III.

trich)

run to
VIII.

nest (osbeat ; be

forced, obliged

force, oblige.

(yo\) idd, origin; root.

U\ add',
i

field of

pebble ground

addt, pi. adiin, adwdt,

id a',

pond,

swamp;
of

adydt,
idd'a-t,

lighting up, illumination.

sutowa-t.
uu'ij^^

^U\
pi.

adabir, pi.

SjW^

dibdra-t,
sacrifice,

aswdt, voices, &c.,

of uuj^

saut.

g\^\ aswd', pi. of gU set', q.v. wi\j-\ aswdf, fleeces, &c., pi. of i-iy
suf.
jyt>\

troop, company. ^je.U\ addhi, lambs for pi. of ^T^\ udhiyya-t.


iX<=.V-6\

addliik, jests, witty sayings,


iijssf!'\

aswar, inclined
of
;

pi.
aswira-t,

of

udhuka-t.

pi.

^y> siwdr,
perfume.

&c., grain

of

^'^\ iddd, refuge. iile\ i^dfa-t, addition

junction

musk

^yt>\ asiou', pi.

of gUi sd', q.v.

wij\ aswaf, woolly.

J^\

Usui, roots, &c., pi. of J:\ asl; vsilUyy, original ; radical 4_3

reference; attribute. ^V^\ iddfiyy, additional ; relative ; dependent on. g3U\ a4dU', ribs, sides (as of a triangle), &c., pi. of gU ^il',
dila'.

fundamental; erudite.
(^fc\

preserves better j E aswina-t, cloth - presses, wardrobes, &c., pi. of ft)\^ f atoftji, &c.

aswan,

who

JJU\
Im\j>\

addlil,

errors,

pi.

of

ii^\

ndlula-t.

*U\

iddma-t, injury. a^dmim, leaves

(stitched

51

; ;

lt\

together)
<-iSU.\

troops

(of

people,

&c.), pi. of i/Ui\


add'if,
daif,

idmdma-V
of
<-4^

guests," pi.

s~i\ aduhb, pi. of s-* dabh, lizard.


't>l!J>\

perplexity. J\^\ i^tirdr, necessity force, constraint, violence extreme misery ; despair ; j^ idtirdriyy,
; ;

quietude any kind

violent

emotion

of

adbcis, pi.

hands, paws.

forced
(i^\

to.

6j^\

adbdra-t, idbdra-t, leaves stitched together, pamphlet.


idjd',

idtirdm, flagration.
idtindh,

inflammation, conmisfortune,
cala-

gW*^

inclining,

reclining,

is)Uk4\

lying down. ^^\ adjam,

mity.

wry,
jJsa-i\

awry
adha,

(nose,

i'^'^\

mouth).
SU!^\

sacrificed

adhdt, pi. at

lamb
^^ayA

the

hour

idtihdd, bad treatment, persecution, oppression. y-i^^^A ad'df, double quantities, &c., pi. of Uuu di\f, q.v.
-*^^ ad'af,
;

duhan. iij^A udhuka-t, pi. addhih, jest, witty saying ridiculous thing,
;

(jifc^^

adha, later ;
;

adhdt above
addhiyy,

adhd, see s^-i\


S

udhiyya-t, pi.
sacrifice
;

lamb for a

weaker, weakest most humble, comp. of <-is*i daHf. J^\ adkal, poor and naked. J^\ adall, more erring, more wandering out of one's way.
g!^\ adld', ribs, &c., pi. of
dila'.

diV,

(ijUss-i^) Sss5i\ iJLJ laila-t idhiyya-t

(idhiydna-t), serene night.


(^^\

adham,

larger, bulkier; very

large, bulky, comp. of ,*i?A dahim. ^j^fi\ udhuma-t, artificial buttocks, hip-improvers. >i\xi>\ adddd, contraries, opposites, pi. of -^ didd, dudd. fi\ adurr, misfortunes, losses, &c., pi. of \j^ darrd' adr-in, see (^yA

J^i\ adldl, pi. of Ji dill, abject, reprobate, worthless. 2^^ adla\ pi. duV, big and strong with large teeth adlu% ribs, pi. of diV, dila'.
;

&i^\

^ ^

udlula-t, pi. J-3U.\ ing, error.

addlil, err-

(^^) adim,

a, inf. adam,he angry; practice malice against (s* bi) bite and kick.

adri.
^j^^

1*^ adam, pi. adamdt, anger, envy.


darir,

adirrd', pi. of /j^

who

jU-6\ idmdr,

has become blind, &c.


adrdb, pi. of s^j^ darb, contemporary ; equal ; idrdb, taking back. j\yi\ adrdr, injuries, hurts, pi. of j^ darar. (^j&\ idrdm, setting on fire, cont'V^^

thought, idea plotting concealing in one's mind what is left understood rendering the second letter of a foot quiescent, when it has a vowel. ^U^\ idmdma-t, pi. addmim, leaves stitched together, copy-book, (of people, pamphlet troop
; ; ;

flagration,
(j-j^^

adras,
adra',

dumb.
;

fj^\

submissive with large udders.

f.

dar'd',

horses, &c.). Jl\a^-i\ idmihldl, disappearing, dispersion fainting fit, swoon. adman, who is a better (;y*^\
;

adri (fi>\ adr-in), sporting dogs, pi. of )}^ dirw, ^s^ dar-an. ^.jA idrtj, red colour red silk yellow garment ; courser. yi>\ to adazz, malicious, prone anger. wj\^\ idtirdb, disquieting, dis^Sfi>\
;

security.

^\

adM', ponds, pi. of dahwa-t. \ji>\ adwd', lights, pi. of j^ dau', du'. uiAyA adwdt, ponds, pi. of l^\
addt.
ti^\ adwat, stupid.

i^


^\

; ; ;

; ; ;

52

^^
live I., II. ii. bend fold ; for a time with the parents
; ;

t)^^ aMn, uul-4^ adydt, ponds, pi. of SU\ arfai.


<-*W^\
arfya/,

guests,

pi.

of

ol*.*

V.

(J^^

adyaq, f. rfig^a', rfwga, narrower; more pressed, thronged;

being bent be stay always indoors be crooked.


;

detained
v., vii.

^\ utur, enclosures,
itdr.
\J=>\

&c., pi. of ;^^

more
(t\)
att,

severe.
I,

INF.

a?*?,

crack, creak

scream, roar;
_)U=\

feel

compassion
;

altar,

maker
;

pi.

utur,

ference hoop.
tU=\

of hoops itdr, inclosure ; circumoutline ; belt, strap

itrd', excessive praise, panegyric seasoning. atrdb, fragrant nosegay. itrdd, expelling, banishing >\J=\ ittirdd, following closely one
;

^p^

another
in

attdt,

screamer

being well connected, good order.


;

itdta-t,

^Pi
pi.
'-i\}=\

atrdr, edges, boundaries, &c.,

crack,

creaking

noise

sound

of

ijt turra-t.

hunger.
&c\L\ itd'a-t,

atrdf, sides, &c., pi.

obedience

submission
ability;
ca-

taraf;

of

<-/=

ittirdf,

resignation. ^'^\ itdqa-t, power;

purchasing
things.
\J')=\

ur acquiring new and beautiful


pi. turs, deaf.

pacity reach.

power
sides,

of

endurance
pi.

atras,

f.

tarsiV

J^\

dtdl,

hypoehondres,
;

of Ji=\ itl, itil longing, extending


f^^^

i
;

itdla-t, pro-

delay.

y=\ atrat, f iartti', with scanty or no eye-brows. atraq, with crooked or weak legs ; peaceable, submissive ;

j^

dtdm, castles, &c., pi. of fi=\ utm, utum itdm, constipation dysury.
;

atruq,
^;t\
tariq.
(j^jJA

atriqa-t,

and
pi.

atriqd',

roads,

of

,Jip

^<Vt\

atdmim,

pi. feet.

JjW

atdwil,-pl. of J!=\ a^waZ, taller,


pi.

moon
W'x^^
lijpt

utruwdn, freshness bloom of youth.


;

honey-

Ac.
"j-SiW

iitrus, deaf.

atdyib, better.

of --r^X

atydb,

utrufa-t, new curiosity, novelty.

merchandise
a

W^^ athd', udders, pi. of ^J^ tiby atibbd', physicians, pi. of s-W=

l*~^\
tribe

utsumma-t, the best of assembly.


;

tdbih.

gW
^\
&iit\

f,\^\ it'dm, feeding.

^ ^^
of
tabaq.
tabih.

ath'V, rivers, canals,


tih\

&c., pi.

^*M
Vt\

at'ima-f,
itgd',

u^U^U

victuals, &c. pi. of


error.

aVamdt, |^ ta'dm.

afbah, very stupid.


atba',

seducing, leading into

very dirty.

athiqa-t, lids, &c., pi. of (jj

^\

^t.^ atibha-t, physicians, pi. of

'-rW=

itfd', extinguishing. JUL\ atfdl, infants, children, Jit tlfl.

pi.

of

JiM
athal,
;

atfal,

more childish;
pi.

more
of

J&M

muddy

turbid, blackish grey, blackish


f.

tahld',

importunate.
Jt>\
itl,

itil,

dtdl, side
;

green. it\ afad, blackthorn, sloe ii. (tllod, INF. ta'tld, strengthen. (^\) a/df, I, u, INF. atr, enclose; protect against (^J^ 'ala)
;

body, hypochondre thing, anything.


1W=\

the

utl,

some-

atld',
pi.

&c.,

children, young ones, of !M= tal-an, tald, and

jlL talir.

J!-^

68
strict

^^

g!W=\

it^ild',
;

study

examina;

jjt\

pi.

of

jj\= tauq,

necklace, &c.

tion

sight, insight.

q.v.

^jW
J!U^

i^Zttj,

general meaning
objects,

geneAc.,

ralisation.
atldl,

atwar, end, extremity; alapwaidn, the extremes, extremities

persons,

pi. of Jit talal.

J^"^
Ijt\

^^

atlah,

f.

talhd, 'sia'pidi.
;

calamity. atwal, pi. atdwil, tuwal, longer, taller.


;

f.

{ula, pi.

ij^\

atlas,

out,
!=11=\

smooth satin worn shabby dirty, black sus;


; ; ;

utum,
s-ist tib.

atum, sea-tortoise

sea-urchin

castles, &c., pi. of

^\

picious
atlat,
atla,
;

dog, wolf; thief.


f.

utm, utum,.
v^si=^

unhappy ,^unfortunate.
talyd',
f

atydb, perfumes, &c., pi. of

,jU=\

tumour. (^\) atam, i, inf. atm, bite into throw narrow the (v hi) mouth of a well hang a house or tent with curtains, &c. atim, A, INF. atam, be angry suffer from be added, joined
; ; ; ; ;

tar itch

mangy

smeared with (camel) mange,


;

"x-^t\

atyab, f. tuba, better, more pleasant, pi. al-atdyib, the best of any thing f pleasantness,
;
.

happiness
;t\

atir,

a tree of Paradise. sin guilt gossiping


; ;

talk.

M>\

constipation ii. inp. cover IV. inf. i'tdm, V. INF. ta'atttivi, be in anger be agitated with snore be very dark one's thoughts.

ta'tim,

lock ; violent

cracking, creaking cry the camel murmuring of empty bowels. JU9t\ utaifdl, pi. little children, ^eti^ atlma-t, hearth, fire-place,
atit,
;

of

waves

chimney.
;

conceal
utnrn,

j^\ azdr, nurses, &c., azzdr, nurse.

pi.

of jfe zi'r

^\ utm, utum,
castle,

pi. dtdm, fortress, small building with a flat roof.

^\t\
j)ii^\

azdfir,
;

stone

azfdr

cloves,

pi.

of j^^\

nails, claws, &c., pi. of

UU\ atmd',
Ac. &c.
^*!=>\
;

pi.

of

pi.

of

^ ^^

azfur.
pi.

wages, tdmi', greedy,


tarn',

i^'^\ azdnin, opinions, &c., (^ zann.

of

itmd',

exciting

to

cu-

pidity.

atma', greedier, &c., comp. of


tdmi'.

5*^
yU2*t\
rity.

itmi'ndn,

quietude,

secu-

y^\A>\
pi.

atndh, ropes of a tent, &c., itndb, proof -j-^ tunub; sublimeness of style ; lixity itndha-t, roof to protect against

v-t\ azb-in, ^^M azbi, gazelles, &c., pi. of i_y!^ zaby. >~>\y^\ azrdb, the anterior molar teeth roots of the teeth. ^^\ azraf, more elegant, &c., comp. of i-Ja^ zarif. yUfe\ az'dn, litters, sedan-chairs, pi. of i~!*t za'ina-t.
;

the sun
tent.
(^\jL\

sun-shade

umbrella

atndn, human bodies, &c., pi. tunn, q.v. ^'^ jm=.\ athdr, pi. of ]^ tahir, tdhir, pure, &c.
of

azfdr, i azfdra-t, pi. azdfir, clove (spice). yit\ azfar, with long nails, claws. jjak,\ azfur, pi. azdfir, nail (of the finger), claw, talon, clutch ; vine-

^Ut^

branch.
J!Jkt\

(^

azldl,

shadows, shades, &c.,

pi.

of j^
Jife\

zill.

j\)^\

atwdr,

pi.

of jjt taur, measures,


q.v.

manners, &c.,

j\^\ atwdq, jnice of the cocoa-nut;

azlam, more cruel, unjust, f. zalmd', dark oppressive darkness. Ut^ apnil', pi. of ik zim', thirst, &c.
; ;

^\
o*^' tizma, f zamyd, brovrn
. ;

54
blood-

u^t
jlac\ i'tdq, setting at liberty leave.
(,Uc\ i'tdm,
;

giving

less;

fleshless;

blackish;

with

small eye-lids.

getting dark.

y^\

izhdr, publication; explanation; pretending; outward show;

jW^^

i'tibdr,

esteem

honour
;

re-

spect

)^\

dissimulation. azhar, clearer,


evident.

more

distinct,
pi.

more
*?^'^^

^^
of 'h^

son ; ^^ i'tibdriyy, relative. t)^^'^^ i'tijdn, kneading.


a'tud,

consideration

compari-

preparations
&c.,
pi.

a'dbid, slaves, 'ahd.


a'dtib,

Ac,

journey,

of

J^

a for 'atdd

and
\Aie\

ixic 'utda-t.
i'tidiV,
;

-T^^\

subjects of blame, quarrel, &c., pi. of ijy^^ u'tilba-t. J^^^ a'djil, pi. young ones. a'djim, pi. of ,.aac\ , not Arab,

iniquity
A .xsc\

^W
iS\si\

enmity ; injustice ; transgression. i'tiddd, (m.) self-complacency


i'tiddl,

pride.
J\asc\

foreign, &c., q.v. H-'=5-^^ a'djib, miracles, &c., pi. of


i3jj5^\ u'juba-t.

equilibrium between
}
J-13\

two things; jW^\


i'tiddlu-'l-lail-i

J^-^J^^

wa-'n-nahdr-i,
;

i'dda-t,

repetition

return
of
^Ji*

equinox

extradition.
^^>i\c^

a'ddi,

enemies,

pi.

symmetry due proportion ; moderate state or temperature ; (m.) corpulence ;


;

'aduww.
i}^\ i'dra-t, lending, loan.

(J i'tiddliyy, equinoctial. ^\xic\ i'tizdr, excuse, apology.


^j-c\ i'tird',

s-^jW
t/j)M
pi.

a'drib,
pi.

douins,
of

of

nomadic Arabs, Be^y^\ a'rdb.


poems, metres,
&c.,

coming suddenly
;

(of a

calamity, &c.).
y6\yx\ i'tirdd, encounter

a'drid,
(joj/^

'arud.

;<oW a'dsir, ^s^W a'dsir, hurricanes. pi. of jUc\ a'sar.

opposition mosity.

obstacle ; contradiction ; ani-

^^yx\
cs)\jic\

^W
*J^\

i'tirdf,

i'dqa-t, obstacle,
i'dla-t,

cumbered
family.

hindrance. poverty while enwith a numerous


a'la,

i'tirdh,
;

confession. throng ; (m.) knead-

JW
I^^\

a'dli, pi. of (Jtc^

higher,

brushing. deriving one's descent. j\yx\ i'tizdz, becoming powerful or important.


\^xc\ i'tizd',

ing

most high, &c.


a'dlim, signs, secret

J\j^

i'tizdl,

abdication.
;

commu-

f>\j^\

i'tizdm, firm resolution

per-

nications, pi. of l^i^\ u'liima-t. iiW i'dna-t, help, assistance.

severance.
<-*^^^ i'tisdf, oppression ; violence. |,Usc\ i'tisdm, seeking refuge inno;

-T^

a'abb,

poor

having a big
pi. of

nose.
a'hd', loads,
;

cence.

Hb'

luggage,

s-c
;

w>Uaxc\

i'titdb,
^

ruin

(m.)

hurt

i'bd', filling

to the

brim

injuryVii^^

planting densely. t_r^\ a'bas, with running eyes. big and strong a'bal, a J-.c\ thick rope granite f. !^ 'abld',
; ; ;

itifd',

abdication,

apology
trust

justification.

S^&^\

i'tiqdd,
;

confidence;

belief

article of faith.

a white rock visible from a distance.

JUi;x^ i'tiqdl, seizing

prisoning

ls^\
pi.

a^bi'a-t,

of

coarse clothes, cloaks,


S

jViUc\

i'tikdr,

binding imbeing bound, &c. darkness; clouds of


; ;

'abiV,

'abdt.
pi.

dust.

^bx\

i'tdb,

thresholds,

of

^-jJ*

'ataba-t.

wj^Sac\ i'tikdf, spiritual retirement, retreat,

;; ;

.\

55

^\

'^\

i'tild',

ascending, height.

'aduww
;

regions,
;

&c., pi.
pi.

of
of

pretext. jUj:c\ i'timdd, confidence, reliance firm resolution (m.) baptism.

JX;^\

i'tildl,

^JScl 'id-an.

*>W^

fJuxc\ i'timdm,

^J^\
wiU;;c\

i'tind',

great

wearing the turban. care, taking


;

a' dad, numbers, &c., AC 'idd and jjj; 'adad preparation equipment.
;

i'ddd,
JjJ>c

JW\
f,\^\

pains.

a'ddl, pi. of J.W5 'idl 'adil, equal, &c., q.v.


;

and

beginning taking abhorrence. ^^\i:ie.^ i'tindq, embracing, embrace. S,>jxs\ u'tuba-t, subject of reproach, of a quarrel.
i'tindf,
;

by force

jUac)

i'tiydd,

custom

i'ddm, annihilating ruining. more or most equitable, just, comp. of JjVe 'ddil. (j'ic\ a'dd, more or most hostile. j\ J\ a'zdr, excuses, pi. of jJc uzr ;
J.ic^ a'dal,

^^ i'tiyd-

i'zdr,

banquet,
excuses,

festival

diyy, customary, usual. jUac^ i'tiydz, being in want, neediness.


iji.\,otc\

making
sjic\

excuse, iv. of

(jAc), q.v.

i'tiyds, living

on anything

a'zab, sweeter chastisements, &c.,

a'ziha-t,

pi.

of s-j^Ac

livelihood.

y4UAc\ i'tiydd, exchange. ^3^,sa\ i'tiydq, being prevented.


taUc^ i'sak, left-handed
cult.
^j!c\
;

'azdh. )i^\ a'zar,


^c\
diffi-

excused.
i.

a'arr,

more

of neck
girl.
^

'arrd', mangy; strong and chest f a young


;

a'sa,
;

f.

'aswd',
;

hairy
(t)^^^

stupid

hyena

blackish f. old ;

\)^\

a'rd',

open spaces, &c.,


;

\j^

'ard'

pi. of pi. of j;C 'irw, side

woman.
i'jo-h,

negligent.

wondering,

causing

'~'^f^

a'rdb,

pi.

nomadic Arabs,
;

wonder. j^c\ a'jdz, roots of palm-trees i'jdz, power of persuasion


;

Bedouins,
biyy
;

pi. a'drib

sing, a'rd-

i'rdb,

flection

grammatical insyntax grammatical


;

i'jdza-t,

artificial

thighs,

hip-

analysis.
i_r'\/i\

JWfj!\ i'jdl,

improvers. hastening, accelerating

a'rds, thrones, &c.,pl. of

jV
&c..

'ars.

ripening.

ye\;*\ a'rds, pl. of


iJ>\/^\

open spaces, yards,


'arsa-t.

s-^^ a'jab, more wonderful, sur;<lsc\

^/^

prising. a'jar, stout


f.

and

fat; knotty,

'arad,
q.v.
;

a'rdd, pl. of ^f- 'ard, 'ird, and *^jc 'arda-t, 'urda-t,

'ajrd',

knotty

stick.

^^-^\
jUjc\

a'jas, full in

the waist.
;

<.Jli^\ a'jaf,

thin, lean.

a'jal,

quicker, quickest
f.

the
-un,

first.

,j^^

a'jam,

'ajmd',

pi.
;

i'rdd, petitioning, solicitexposition ; turning one's back return. >-i\js\ a'rdf, pl. of <-*;C 'Mr/, height, the wall between hea&c., q.v. ven and hell ; purgatory.

ing

who not an Arab speaks Arabic badly foreigner Persian; dumb; deaf; see 'ajmd' <^ a'jamiyy, not Araa Persian. bian, foreign SijsiJi\ M'_/46a-i, anything wonderful, marvel, miracle, prodigy, phenoa'djim,
;
;

eys\

'araj,

f.

'arjd', pl. 'urj, 'urjdn,


;

U^

lame, halting

raven
;

f.

hyena.

having a mane, crested with a long and strong neck f. al-'urfd', hyena. j;c\ a'raq, deeply or more deeply
w*;\ a'raf, f. 'urfd', pl. 'urf,
;

menon.
\j*^

(^\

rooted. a'ram,

f.

'armd',

pl.

'urm,

a'dd',

enemies,

pi,

of

;^

spotted white and black;

herd

;; ;

56
of sheep and goats mingled spotted egg pi. 'urmdn, pi. 'ardmm, not circumcised; f. a spotted snake. f^ a'azz, i. iC,-^ 'uzza, dearer; more powerful, more important, &c., comp. of )j)c 'aziz, q.T. f. mistress, lady-love; name of an idol; f. Uc 'azaa', calamitous ; calamity ; S a'izza-t and
; ;

^c\
ij!^\

a's-in,

i_^\
pi.

a's),

^<^\
^-^c

a'sd',

staves,
'asd, q.v.
wj^-ac^

Ac,

of

'as-an,
&c.,

a'sdb,

nerves,
'asab.

sinews,

pi. of

s=c
&c.
;

jLs\ a'sdr, ages, &c., pi.


'isr,

of /ac 'asr,
pi.

i'sdr,
;

a'dsir, hurricane (j-c), q.v.

a'dsir,

i'sdr, iv.

of

5^^

a'saj, bald.

\ji^\

a'izzd', pi.

of

j>.j^

'aziz,

excel-

lent,
j\)C^

Ac,

q.v.

i'zdz,

magnificence,

honour,

J-^^ a'sal, pi. 'usl, 'isdl, crooked, not straight ; having crooked 'asld, thin, legs ; assiduous f
;
.

reverence.
^^^j^^ a'zdl, pi.

lean.

of J)c\ a'zal, q.v.


single,
spinster.
'uzzal,

1*^

s->y^^ a'zah, f. 'azbd',

unmar'uzldn,

having
feet
;

a'sam, a

f.

'asmd',

pi.

'usm,

ried
JjC^

bachelor
pi.

red beak and red having a white spot on


;

a'zal,

'uzl,
f.

a'zdl, ma'dzil,

'azld\ pi. 'azdli,

the fore-foot f. mountain goat. Uc\ a'dd', members, pi. of y^


'udw, 'idw.

who secludes himself singled out without arms, without a lance Jj^S\ tsUJ\ as-samak al-'azal, spica virginis (a constel'azdla,
; ;

oUe\ i'ddd, help, assistance.

s=^^

a' dab,

f.
;

'adbd',

horn broken
short brother
;
; ;

having one having one hand

lation).

gU^^
IV~.E^

i'sdj,

stooping walk.
pi.

a'sdm,

forms

of

the

body.
yL>c\ a'sdn,
^~.c\
pi. traces,
f.

a'sar,

'asrd',

remainders. left-handed
;

more
trous.

difficult,

harder
'asmd',

disas-

lost his only shortened (foot of a weak. verse) ^c\ a'td', who gives much or more; i'td, giving, bestowing. }ia:\ a'far, more or very much perfumed.

who has

uyUsc\
f.

a'tiydt,

gifts,

pi.

of

U=c

/^^
,^Uij:\

a'sam,
i'sdb,

pi.

'usm,
leg.

'at-an, 'atd.
iiLlsE\

having a withered arm or


green

i'tiyd-f,

wages, pay.

covering itself with herbage ; finding herbs


pi.

i-Jac\

a'tiya-t, gifts, pi. of U=c 'af-an,

'atd.
i/yfeic\

for food. jVac\ a'sdr,

i'zdma-t, greatness.

play;
'us'r
ijSiUij!^
;

tS a's'driyy, decimal. a'sds, nests on trees, pi. of

tenth

of 5/>^ , gain in parts, pi. of yi^

f^si\

a'zam,

f.

'tuina,
;

greater

more powerful
;

more

impor-

ij^

'uss.

yi-c\ a'sar, stupid.


'Sy^e] a'Sird', pi.

jjui5\ tant better ; assadru-'l-a'zam, prime minister; (adv.) more a'zum, bones, pi. of (Jsc 'azm.

^S\

\iB.\

of ^*Ac 'asir, tenth part ; cry of the hyena. A\ a'sam, f. 'asmd', of a mixed colour dried up in dust dimsighted f. dusty ground. ,j-4.c\ a'sa, f. 'aswd, dim-sighted blind f darkness a'siya-t, evening meals, suppers, pi. of Uc 'aid\
;
;

i'fd',
;

cuse
ut-ic\

cure

a'iffd', pi.

deliverance of _n-ac

ex'afif,

chaste.
a'fat,

stupid

awkward

clumsy.
e-Ac\ a'fas,

ii

ness

who shows his nakedwho talks ribaldry or


with running eyes.

foolish things.
y*<ic\ a'fas,

. ; .; .

57

olc\
ai^^ a'fak, f. 'afkd', very stupid flighty and fickle left-handed
;

c^\
uncles (on father's side), &c., pi. of jc 'amm. Uc\ a'md', errors, pi. of j*& 'amw ignorants, &c., pi. of ^J*J^ a'mi. ;Uc\ a'mdr, lives, lifetimes, &c., pi. of j*e 'umr i'mdr, cultivating,

f.

restive she- camel.


;

i^\ a'aqq, disobedient S a'iqqa-t, pi. of ji\ti 'dqq, disobedient and


of (JsAE 'aqiq, mountain torrent, &c.

v^^
_)V3c\

sons, &c., pi. of >tc 'aqh and Sr-fic 'aqib ; ends, issues, &c., pi. of <-c 'uqb.
a'jar, pi. trees.

a'qdh,

rendering habitable.

'-r-Sf\

a'qub,

black eagles,
f.

pi.

of

JUc\ a'mdl, deeds, actions, &c., of J* 'amal. |,Uc\ a'mdm, (paternal) uncles, of 'amm.

pi.

pi.

i^Uc 'uqdb.
c\

^^u\ a'mita-t, clews of wool, pi. of


'aqdd',
;

a'qad,
;

pi.

'wg-f^,

knotty
flexible

stammering
tail,
;
.

having a
:

^^sa*c 'amita-t. ixi^\ a'mida-t, columns, &c., pi. of

wolf, goat

fB\ a'qar,

f.

therefore dog, f maid-servant. 'aqrd', toothless ; f

Jj^c 'amud.
j*^\ a'mar, better populated,

more

cultivated.
(jS<*e\

sand-hill. ise) a'qaf, f. 'aqfd, crooked; boorish poor f an iron hook on a stick cramp-iron.
; ;
.

a'Tna^,

f.

'amsd', blear-eyed,

with running eyes.


ya*c\ a'mas, (m.) the same.

Jiic\

a'qal,

f.

'aqld',

more

intelli-

gent.
J!ilc^

a'ldl, indispositions, &c., pi. i'ldl, interchange of His 'illa-t of the so-called weak letters,
;

lSie\

a'ldtn, signs, flags,


pi.

mountains,

'alam; i'ldm, information ; communication placard. (^hi\ i'ldn, publication; advertiseof instruction ;
&c.,

f^

a'mumun, paternal uncles, of 'amm. IUb\ a'mah, f. 'amhd, without signs to mark the road (desert). j_sj*c\ a'mamyy, refemng to the blind. ^j*c\ a'ma, f. 'amyd', pi. 'umy, dark ; 'umydn, blind ; al'amaydn, inundation and conUc\ pi. flagration ; a'md',
(^j^..c\

pi.

ignorant

men

fools

deserts.

ment.
iUc\ a'lita-t, pi. of tV 'Udp, q.v. Jic^ a'lam, f. 'almd', more learned iU\j wa-'lknowing better ; Idh a'lam, God knows best ; f

of Uc 'andn ; i'nd', allusion, iv. of ((.y*). ut>Uc\ i'ndt, insertion of a letter in a rhyme ; (m.) torment ; vexaUc\ a'nd', sides,
pi.

^W

tion. jjUc\ a'ndq, necks, &c., pi. of (j-ic

'wnq, 'unuq, 'unaq.


(^\jj^

cuirass.

t^\
^^\

u'luma-t, pi. a'dlim, sign, (m.) secret communication.


a'la, pi.

view,

objects coming into apparitions, pi. of 'anan ; i'ndn, bridling, checking


a'ndm,,

(^

fj^ 'ul-an, a'dli


f.

with the reins.


i^sJ*\

'ulyd', pi. 'ul-an, 'ulyaydt, higher,

nobler,

sublime;
;

Koreish

the
;

tribe
'alwd',

f.

'alyd'
;

height, summit deed, exploit.


*c\

and Heaven

noble

a'nija-t, ropes, connections, &c., pi. of s^i* 'indj, q.v. (>Ac\ a'naq, long-necked ; name of f 'anqd', a celebrated stallion
; .

fabulous bird,
;

a'amm, f. 'ammd', pi. 'umm, great more general high a'umm, i a'imma-t, multitude;
;

phoenix ; calamity ; mountain-peak a'niiq, Mds, &c., pi. of vjUo


griffin,
;

'andq.

; ;

(^\

58
of

^^
U\
dgd, pi. (Turk.).

i^\

a'inna-t,

pi.

(jW

'indn,

agdwat, Aga, eunuch


help, assistance.

bridle, &c.

^f^
j\f\
f>\f^\

i'wdr, suspicion.
i'wdz,

ij\i\ igdsa-t,

neediness,

indigence,

6jVc\

igdra-t, raid.

destitution.

i'wdm, years, pi. of (^ 'dm. y\^\ a'wdn, pi. of yy: 'aww, helper,
Ejc\

servant, &c. a'waj, crooked, malicious 'aujd', bow lean, slender.


;

agdrid, warblings of birds,] pi. of Jjj*^ ugrild. AtVc\ igdza-t, rousing to anger, irritating.
Jjj\s^

f.

ge5U;\

agdlij,

tender branches,

pi.

gW-jc\

i'wijdj,

crookedness

false-

ness, perfidy, malice.


jy!\

of e^^ ibgluj. LJ\i\ agdlit, misemployed or misleading words, pi. of it^\ ugln(a-t.

a'wad,

more

advantageous

^3^^^ agdliq, bolts, &c.,

pi.

of ij^

j^\ a'war, f. 'aura', pi. 'itr, 'warn, corrupted, per'iraw, one-eyed verse, bad deceived bad guide, wrong road effaced writing pi. a'dvnr, nits, see \j^ 'aurd'.
; ; ; ; ;

galaq.
yVfc\

agdn-in, ,_s>W melodies, pi. of &c.

i^\

agdnt, songs, ugniya-t,

yj^\ a'was,

f.

'ausd',

who draws

in the corners of the mouth furbisher of knives or swords.


ij>f^ a'was,
telligible,
;

(j)^\ agdtvi, snares, &c., pi. of ij^^ iigwiyya-t. ij>^\ aghas, ash-coloured ; lion.

f.

'ausd', pi. 'vs,

difficult
;

to

uninunder-

stand unusual see tsy;. (^jb\ a'wan, more helping.


Uc\ a'yd', pi. of
^^jC

'ayy, incapable,

j^\ agbar, f. gabrd', pi. gubr, dusty jc\ dust-coloured dark f,\e. 'dm agbar, barren year quickly passing soon effaced al-agbar, al-gabrd', the earth wolf y* \y-ji] banu-'l-gabrd' poor people, travellers; tomb.
; ; ; ; ; ;
;

ijUc^
(^\fs\

&c.,

and Wc

'ayd', difficult, &c.


*

^ytf^\ i5f6tV((/',

dust-colour; becoming

i'yd', fatigue.

a'ydd, feasts, &c., pi. of


a'ydn, great of t> 'ain.
a'is,
f.

~'id.

secret hatred, grudge. y~fc\ agbas, dark. ^Jft^ agba, f. gabyd', having dense
;

dusty

men, grandees,
'fs,

pi.

y*c\

a'isd', pi.

whitish-

more stupid, comp. of foliage gabiyy. jUc\ agtdm, pi. of f>^\ agtam, q.v.

yellow (camel).

L\,jjx\

igtibdt,

contentment in pro-

t^\ a'2/a.f, necked


;

f.

'aitd',
;

pi.

'*?,
;

longstiff-

high
f.

proud
;

sperity. j^Uit^ igtibdq, evening cup.

necked, obdurate.

f^\

a'yan,

'aind', pi. 'in


;

having

a large black pupil


rated green
pi.
;

wild bull

visible, in view, evident

a'yun,

;

who has many

perfo; servants a'yundt, eyes,


;

v* V^^ igtirdb, travelliag into foreign countries, becoming a stranger to one's own. j^fi\ igtirdr, infatuation ; ambition

being deceived
tive.

being inatten-

of t>s* 'ain ; plough-shares, pi. of


a'ya,

a'yina-t,
'iydn.
;

yW*

jV^

igtirnz,

being ready for de-

^^\

more stammering
i

more

parture. tj\yi\ igtirdf,


JV.,j;i\ igtisdl,

drawing water.

obdurate ing (s.)


;

u'yiyya-t,
'ayiyy,

stammera'yiyd,

a'yiya-t,

Wc\

pi.

of

tj<c

stammering

ablution. i^U>xi\ igtisds, revolt, rebellion. ^jUsi\ igtisdb, open violence ; seiz-

(adj.).

ing violently.


69
(joUxi\ igtisda, great anxiety focation.
sufI
I

J^^
agrdd, designs, intentions, *'> .P'-^<^f u*^ girad, q.v. vi'^i igrdg, drowning, plunging-

u*V^<

^\

agtam, pi. guim, pi. pi. agtdm, speaking unintelligibly or barbarously not ^^ agtamiyy,
;

Arab; foreigner; barbarian. jU!i\ igtimdr, submersion sinking.


;

exaggeration. v/^ agruh, I agriha-t, pi. of gardb, raven, crow, &c., q.v.
J}^\ agral,

'

_U

,^Usi\ igtimdd, closing or blinking


one's eyes.

dious
^^if^

abundant
i

garil).

uncircumcised commolong (= J^ '


;

igtimdm, sadness, sorrow, melancholy. ^Uxi\ igtindm, getting spoil seizing an opportunity. vW^ic^ igtiyuh, calumniating the absent; back-biting.
f,\*sM
;

agrud,

ugruda-t, pi. ugdrid,

warbling of birds,

and tender; palmblossom. ijif\ igriqiyy, Greek, Grecian.


J>^^
agzal, erotic poet
;

(jij/^ igrid, fresh

frequently

jW^^

igiiydr, vying,

competing with

recurring.

each other. ^\>^\ igtiydz, burst of anger. JWxi\ igtiydl, assaulting, rushing against ; seizing suddenly.

^1

worn-out clothes ; manners, morals, character. ^^Ac\ agsa, f. gaSwd, having the head entirely white (horse, &c.).

t)^~*^ agsdn, pi.

agsd', scums. gusd', gussd'.

&c.,

pi.

of Ufe

yUi\ agsdn, branches, i^^ gum.

&c., pi. of

j^\ agsar, f. gasrd, pi. gusr, dark reddish brown dirty green woolly moss common or vulgar man lion f. crowd, rabble threats hyena pi.
;
;

^^

igdd', knitting averting the face.

the

brows

populace. (j^\ agsa, lion (robber). Sj^\ agdira-t, ponds, pi.


gadir.

of

jjJkc

moving to anger, irritating. --a^\ agdaf, pi. gudf, having flabby ears ; with lowered eye-lids (lion) sinking, falling down (night), dark densely feathered
; ;

v_,Uc\ igddh,

(arrow)
1=^\

luxurious

(life).

h'^^ agdiya-t, breakfasts, luncheons, pi. of \Jic gadd'.


/^^ agarr,
f.

agatt, rich, ous.


agta^,
;

abundant, luxuri-

garrd', pi. gurr,

having

trJsc\

f.

gatsd', dim-sighted;

a white spot on the forehead (horse); white; shining brightly; very hot; eminent, distinguished; f. al-garrd', Mecca first night of the full moon hottest part of the day pi. the worthies agirra-t, pi. water-bubbles
;

pathless desert. -i!ci.\ agtaf, easy, luxurious having heavy eyebrows or lashes. "^M^ agtiya-t, coverings, veils, pi. of Use gitd'. ^^ agfd', chaff, pi. of ^Jii gafan. JUi\ igfdl, causing to forget or
f.
;

dark

of j\j^ girdr, head of an arrow or lance also \^\ agirrd', pi. of f.ji- garir, easily deceived, inexperienced ; igrd',
;

neglect.

^\

agfar, not susceptible.


igld',
;

instigation.
girr, unexperi^f^\ agrdr, pi. of enced, easily deceived. (j-^y^\ agrds, grafts, proselytes, pi. of y-ji gars.

being dear, costly making also igld'a-t, boiling, dear bubbling, ebullition.

jW

agldq, bolts, &c., pi. of


;

igldq, locking, shutting, galag fastening a door.

^^

Jl^\ agldl, pi. of

Jc

gull, chains,

; !

^^
manacles,
fraud.
s-li^

60
deceit,
gulh,
^y^^

\i\

&c.;igldl,
f.

igwd', seduction, temptation;

deceit.
galld',
pi.
_)\^^

aglab,

agwdr, caves, &c.,

pi.

of j^
1=\*

Laving neck
:

high and thick-set lion high powerful


; ; ;
;

jar, q.v.

t^^^ agwdt, plains, &c., pi. of


gd\t, gdyit.

numerous al-aglab, the highest number, the most probable case


;

^-'Z-agiZa6, mostly, pre-eminently;


f.

y-ys_^\ agiistus, August.


Jj*^

(m.)

month

of

with rich vegetation.


aglaf,
f.

agwal,
;

'-^\

galfd,

pi.

gulf,

(life)

commodious, easy rushing along, coming

sheathed, encased, under envelope uncircumcised ; rough, untamed ; <.JJic\ yl-c 'aid aglaf, al-galfd', easy and comfortable
;

over suddenly.
iSf^ agwa, more erring, more easily led astray 8 ugwiyya-t, pi. agdwi, what leads astray and into perdition ; snare ; pitfall
;

^M
ejlc^

life.

pi.

aglima-t, boys, servants, &c., of ^Xc guldm.


pi. agdlij,

^^

danger. agyad,
;

ugMj, branch.

tender, flexible

t^\

ugluta-t, pi. agdlit, a

wrong

f. gaidd', pi. iS'>^ gaidd, gid, young, delicate and supple having one's head bent richly overgrown.

ij^
1^'^

or misleading word. agla, dearer, more expensive.

-M=^

agyaf nodding (before falling


pi. gin,

asleep)

agamm, f. gamma', covering all more grievous see Uc.


;

(^\
<-*^

luxurious. ; agyan, f. gaind', green, see *~!^.


df,
;

dark

Uc\ agmd, pi. of j^j** gaman, in a swoon, fainting, and of ^_s^ gaman, roof visor. >Uc\ agmdd, sheaths, scabbards, Ac, pi. of i*i gimd igmdd, sheathing, putting one thing ia
;

dfa-t, pi.
;

dfdt,
;

damage,
;

another.

calamity harm bane aff, little, small quantity iff, pusillanimity uff, parings or dirt of the nails small chip quantity vff-i, uff-a, vff-u, uff-mi, uff-in, uff-an, oh! alas
loss
;

yoUc^ igmdd, shutting

the eyes,

woe
{'J>\)

fie

vffa-i,

weakling

conniving. \]*^^ agmird', masses of water, pi. oi yt*^ gamvr. i/*^^ agmas, with watering eyes.

poor.
aff,

V,

INF.

aff,

call
;

uffa

from pain or grief

out
ii.

>^\

inp.

ij^\ agmad, more

unintelligible. ^i*^\ agmiya-t, roofs, visors, pi. of tj*e gaman.

t^\

speaking through the nose screaming singing; well populated; richly overgrown.
f.

agann,

gannd',
;

ia'fif, V. iNP. ta'affuf, the same. uU\ dfdt, damages, &c., pi. of U^ df; ifat, transitoriness, perishableness S ifdta-t, frustration ; making disappear. (^^\ afdtih, seed-lobes, pi. of iiyi\

uftnha-t.

Ui\
|,\j\

aqnd',

pi.

things,

outfit
pi.

ignd', enriching.

^'^\ ifdha-t, diffusing odour, fragrance. yo-.=>^\ afdhis, holes in the ground,
itc, pi. of
6jVi^ ifdda-t,

agndm, sheep, &c., ganam.


agniyd',
ugniya-t,
pi.

of

f^

y=^\

ufMs.

W^^
it*ic\

of ^J^ ganiyy,
igniyya-t,

&jW
JiLM

advantage, gain. afdriqa-f, ^3>jU\ afdriq, troops

rich.

igniya-t,

ugniyya-t, song, air, melody.

of people, &c., pi. of ii^firqa-t. afdtfil, pi. of J^\ afdal, more excellent, &c.

; ;

;;

\i\

61
or discord; seduction;
tion.

^^^
fro.

ifdda-t,

giving abundantly

tempta-

clear delivery; heaving to

and
jjl=\

W**^
afdtir,
splits, &c., pi. of

iftijd',

robbery by

sudden

j^^\
tj^^j*^

invasion.
^^\aa^\ iftihds, disquisition, examination.
(;m\

lift dr.

afd'i,

serpents, vipers, pi. of


actions, deeds, verbs,

(j**\ af'an.

JcU\
-*^^

afd'il,

&c., pi. ot
affdf,
;

^fi'l.
sighs

pusillanimity cowardice moment, epoch. (jM dfdq, regions, Ac, pi. of iji\ ufq; advenaffdq, great traveller S ifdqa-t, re-animation turer recovery (m.) awakening rest, pause ; 15 afdqiyy, horizontal universal. is)U\ dffdlc, great liar.
ifdf,
; ;

much

who

and groans

aftah, f. fathd', having weak joints or limbs with soft soles ; with large feet or paws ; bleareyed see Uaii.
; ;

jVsiii\ iftihdr,

\xii\ iftidd',

boasting ransom.
;

glory.

\yii\ iftird', lie

(m.) insult, offence


;

calumny.
j\y'i\

iftirdr, flashing

showing the

teeth.
(jo^y^\

iftirds,

availing one's self of

an opportunity. ^\fi\ iftirdd, precept


sition, hypothesis.

(m.) suppo-

Ji'U\

afdhil,

J^U^

afdJcil,

pi.

of

J^\
&i^^\

afkal, ifkil, troop.

y^fi\ iftirdq, separation.


ue)\ya\
iftirdJc,
;

afdkih, things which cause wonder or merriment, pi. of


iftjXi^ uflcuha-t.

(m.)

pieces agitation person).


Jl<ii\

(of

grinding to a sick
separa-

(^^\ iffdn, affdn, time.

iftisdl,
;

disjunction,

(^U\

afdnin, branches; ways, varieties, pi. of

manners,

tion
j;tisi\

weaning.
being dishonoured

y^

fanan

iftiddh,

and

tjyi^ a/nun.

e}^^ afdvdj, &c., pi. of

5>j^^

afdwij, troops,
q.v.

ey fawj,

exposure. y4liu\ ifiiddd, defloration. JUii\ ifti'-dl, action.


iyj'\ aftaq, f fatqd', afilicted
.

*-> i^}^\ afdwiq, milk-flows, pi. of faiqa-t (m.). iijj^i\ afdwih, mouths, &c., pi. of

with a
;

rupture, see probing.

^.

csUi\ iftiqdd, visitation, visit

trial,

SS\i\
{j>.i\)

afd'ik, lies,

pi. of

i^\

afi-

^Uxi\ iftiqdr, poverty.


vs\xi\

Tca-t.

aftah,

more
;

afat, iNr., aft, alienate, pre-

venturesome
blood.
^ViJii\

daring, readier to

more
shed

vent, restrain from. c5-j\ aft, patient, enduring


;

(camel) ift, the same dfat=ii\ dfa-t, damage,


lamity.
Ui\ iftd', solving
;

and swift
;

lie

iftihdr,

thought, contemplaf.

tion, meditation.

loss, ca-

Jxi\

aftal, pi. fatl,

fatW, having
;

the legs wide apart

distorted.

a question of law

j,\^\ iftihdm, comprehension, under-

cU;a\

or conscience judicial decision. iftitdh, opening, beginning


; ;

consecrating; inauguration; inconquest (j troduction iftitdhiyy, introductory, prelimi-

nary.
yU;;i\

standing. &s.^\ tiftilha-t, pi. afdtih, seed-lobe what is germinating. ^jii\ afta, later born, younger; manlier, more courageous. aj\ ifjij, valley, mountain-cleft,

iftitdn, instigating to revolt

bed of a

river.

; ;

c'<
***'

62

l/a\

seasonings, &c., pi. of fahan, faha, fiha. tr^^ afhas, more shameful, baser,

a/%(J',

u*V^

ifrdd, precept
ifrdt,

assignment
;

present.

W/\

excess
;

extreme
;

exag-

comp. of
t/'j*^^

t;!i-^(i

fdhis.

geration

superfluity.

ufkus, pi. fj'<^\i\ afaUs, hole in the ground ; nest of the bird

^V^

ifrdg,
;

emptying

casting

metals

putting into shape.

Qata'.
(fc*^)

("fah,

INF.

afh,

hit

on

the

crown of the head.


*;*^

afhira-t, rich

garments.

(^^ afham, more powerful, more respected, (i*^) a^d, A, INF. afad, hasten, and, by opposition, tarry ; approach ; come up. ^\ afad, term, end, death afid, who hastens who tarries ;
;

ifrdq, recovery. afruh, afriha-t, young birds, Ac, pi. of t^ farh. ijr'f^ afr as, clever horseman. \^f\ afrad, very learned La divine law.
t}*^

jV^

tf^ afrag,
ga-t,

f.

fargd' free of cares


,

making large wounds


vacancies,
<fcc.,

afri-

pi.

of

g\/

firdg, q.v.

ii

afada-t, delay,
ifdd', exacting a ransom from a prisoner. >^^ a/da', i.fadd', having a distorted limb distorted see
^i*^
;

/* afriqd', iiji\ afriqa-t, compartments, &c., pi. of ijlf fariq,


gjj*^

afranj, ifranj, Frank, French,

European
pean.
'i>~-'/\

^^\ afdina-t, yokes of oxen, &c., pi. of (J\y> faddn, q.v. i^ afazz, not feathered (arrow). j\ii\ afzdz, pi. of jj fazz, single, isolated, &c. (/^) </*'> I. INF. afr, ufur, cross (ijlfi 'aZa) ; run, jump attack be very hot, boil get fat be zealous and quick in serving drive away afir, A, inf. afar, be very hot and boil violently
; ; ; ;

siyy.

^ afranjiyy, Euroafransa-t, France afranFrenchman, French.


;

45

j>f\ ifriz, roof for protection

against

rain
(j3;*^

frieze

cornice.
;

afriqiyy, African qiyya-t, Africa.


fickle,

afri-

JV^
g^y^
j\

a/aaz, pi. of -f fazz, excitable,


ifzd',

grow
ji\

fat.
.

ij

&c. frightening, terrifying. \ ifsdd, corrupting, adulterating; instigation to mischief or revolt ; oppression. \ afsaq, more or most perverse,
vile.

afarr, f farrd\ showing beautiful teeth in laughing or smiling;

wicked,
(;>xi_^\

mixture ufurra-t, troop adversity. \]i'\ afrd', wild asses, pi. of \j' fard'. X^]i\ afrdh, young birds, &c., pi. of
'
; ;

afsintin

(ahsintin),

worm-

wood.
^^^'^

ir^\

divulging a secret. with a protruding tooth, having the teeth sepaifiii',

afs'ag,

Effarh.
S\^\ afrdd, pi. of -i^fard, individual,

rated.

separating; making unequal reducing to the simplest expression ; isola&c.,

q.v.;

J^\
y-^^

afsal,

(m.)

left-handed

f.

ifrdd,
;

fasld', the left hand.


if.sin, (m.) formula of prayer. cUi\ ifsii/i, speech, iv. (c"). JUi\ ifsdl, death. C-*\ afsah, more eloquent, clearer

tion.
)\)i\

ifrdz,

separating, distinguishof

ing, sequestering.
^Ji^Ji^

afrds, horses, mares, pi.

more

abundant, comp. of

y-;i faras.

fash, ^-tf^fasi/i.

^
;

i\

63
ufuk,
excelafi'ik.

wM
great
liars,
pi.

t<^^ afsam, broken, torn. J^^ afdul, superfluities, lencies, &c., pi. of
t/rfaZ,

superiority

eminence.

^ fadl;excel'

of

^,4^ ~

)^\afkdr, thoughts,
Jikr.

&c., pi. of JCi '


;

&^\

afdal,

karVed

more or most "'' '"'""^'^^


flat nose.

JSi\ afkal,

ifkil,

fright

^-

^^afatt, having a
''''^^''*

fast"''

fasting; breakflat-nosed.

wood-pecker; pi. afdkil, troop; hi-afdUli-hum, them. ijt^\ ufkAha-t, pi.


(Ji^)

a kind of
afakil,
all

of

afdkih,

L^^

a/ifas, f./a?s(i',

causes wonder or merriment.

what

;>il uftur, pi. a/a^ir, split, fissure, crevice ; scratch, scar.

afal, I, T7, afil, a, inf. wfid, vanish, disappear (moon) ; inf afal,

^l^^<^''

more shameful, comp.

of

^^ afd\
e)^j*i\

perfumes, scents.
pi. afd'i, viper,

uf'uwdn, male viper.


serpent.

o^^ a/'a,
wii\ a/a/,

of a inf. afal, be alert, quick n. inf. tafil, procure honour, respect to anybody; V. inf. ta'afful, be

ufiil,

suckling

dry up (milk woman) afil,


;

proud.
Ji^ afil, I dfila-t, big with (lioness).
I^\

Uttle,

small quantity,

youne '6
of

(tJ^y a/a?, I, INF. afq, travel to distant parts, all over the world give more to the one than the

afld', wide waterless deserts pi. of SSU faldt; foals, pi. Jii
i^(?,

filtv.

other;

deceive;
;

cumcise
attain

conquer;
a,

cir-

^W
u-ii^

help to escape

escape.

a/j2,

inf.

the highest INF. ta'affuq, come rrom distant climates. ^\ ufq, ufuq, afaq, pi. dfdq, climate, region, country ; horizon the wide world; a/a^, uncii-I

to

tion; v.

afaq, distinc-

C&i\ ifid4,

good fortune, prosperity, iflds, poverty; (m.) bank-

ruptcy.
Plato. jlU\ afldq, mountain-clefts, &c., pi. of tjii falaq, q.v. 2)ii\ afldk, spheres, heavenly bodies, &c., pi. of '^^ falak, q.v. JlUl a/ai, breaks, rents ; fugitives,
t)y=Si\ afld{un,

cumcised;

rior
i

4^2,

dfiq,

ffl^2, far supeufuq, quick, swift

afaqa-t,

hypochondre

ufqa-t,
;Ui\ ifqdr,

prepuce;

&c.,
;

pi.

of

Ji /aZZ;- deserts'
pi.

afaqiyy, horizontal.

irfuqiyy '
(s.).

glit

impoverishing

fi\ afqar, poorer,

more wretched.

of full, fill, a/ai, f. faljd', having fingers or teeth far apart (m.) gouty, paralysed.
;

without rain,

(^\)

lie ; VIII. INF. it'ifdk, be turned topsy-turvy, overthrown.

from want of rain; have little understanding;-II. INF. tafdk,

afak, I, afilc, a, inf. ifk, afk, afak, ufuk, lie; inf. ifk, cause to change one's purpose or opinion ; cause to tell a lie thwart one's wishes, declare them to be unlawful ; pass. ujiq, INF. afk, produce nothing

cl*\

aflah,

having the nether

lip

split.

((^\) afan, i, inf. afn, milk out of the proper time exhaust all
;

milk in the udder; have little milk; give little understanding


to anybody (God); pass, spoiled (food).

be

yj\

afn,

afan, weakness of intel-

lect.

'^\ ifnd', annihilation.

'^\

afik, liar

jUi\ afndq, high-bred


of (j*A* faniq.

ifk, & ifha-t, lie

stallions, pi.

; ;

C>ii

64
Oji^
afyiin,

J\

afndn, branches, pi. of (jJj fanan. iJj^ afnud, silliness (j afandi, pi. afandiyya-t, master, sir, gentleman, monsieur (Turk, from the
(^\ji\
;

ifyaun,

opium

Z))

Greek
ftjy^^
;

ai^eVn/s).

ofnun, pi. afdnin, class, category manner, way ; ufnun, snake bent ; obscure speech calamity ; beginning. ^yi\ afna, rich, full f fanwa, having a rich head of hair ; densely branched (also afann) more perishable, comp. of * enclosures afniya-t, fani in front of houses, pi. of Ui

e^S'l rdhu-'l-'afyun, laudanum. ^^A iqdta-t, nutrition, feeding; power. Z^ aqdh-in, ^J^^\ aqdhi, camomiles, pi. of y^ja*\ uqhuwdn. j-so^ aqddih, arrows without feathers and head, satires, &c., pi.
of
VjU>\

c^

qidh. aqdrib, near relations, pi. of

vy^ aqrdb. gjW aqdri', pi.


hard
^})^'\
;

^^

of }i\ aqra', very cutting, sharp, &c. aqdzil, pi. of Jji^ aqzal, halting,

limping.
frtJO\ aqdsim, parts. &c., pi. of (-*

Vflil

find'. ajhd',

qism and

^j

i\

uqsuma-t.
of
^J>^

mouths,

pi.

of Sy Juh.

^U\

aqdsir,

pi.

aqsar,

ifhdm, making understand. E\y\ afwdj, troops, crowds, flocks,


f\gi\
<fcc.,

shorter. ajasi, pi. of ,_sVi\

(_s-*\

extreme,

pi.

of

sf fauj.
(m.).

^3\ji\

&c.
pi.
t>\ji\

afwdq, pi. of v5ji f4q, lank, ; awakenings, remembrances,


of

farthest. jt^\i\ aqdsir, pi. fords. yajVi\ aqdsis, tales, stories, pi. of
Leyai\ aqsusa-t.
gt\i\

i^ faiqa-t

afwdh, mouths, &c., pi. of sy fuh. y-y\ afue, axes, Ac, pi. of y-Vi
fa's.

aqdti', cut off

branches, &c.,

pi. of

s^

2<''?*''

^^\ afwag, having thick


i_*y\ afuf, in jji\ afwaq, f
.

lips.

great haste. fauqd', broken at the


;

gstU\ aqdti', objects sent to indicate the break of friendship, pi. of icjlsi\ uqtu'a-t. i5U\ iqdla-t, legal annuUation of

bargain

pardon
;

watering

see \if. !y\ afuk, pi. ufuk, great liar Ufuk, INF. of (uiJi\). aful, omens, &c., pi. of

notch

JU

(m.) deliver(beasts) at noon ance, release. (J^\ aqdlim, climates, &c., pi. of
(sli\

Jy\

iqlim.

fal. sy\ afwah, f fauM', fahwd', having a large mouth, a wide opening.
.

^W

Wi\ a/i/a', pi- of


&c., q.v.
J\-si\

o*

/**'>

shadow,
of

afydl,

elephants,

pi.

Js^

staying, remaining, establishing ; performing raising of the dead the second and last call for prayer. (t^^\ aqdnim, roots, &c., pi. of (>fi\

iqdma-t,
;

stopping

fil.

afyah, f. fai^d', pi. /iA, extensee Vasji. sive, spacious iASi\ afida-t, the intestines ; heart, lungs and liver, pi. of >^ji fu'itd. ^^\ afiq, f i , excellent misfor; . ;

^\

(>)^\

uqnum, q.v. aqdwim,

ii)^\

a2'?tom:=^^\

Jj^Vi\

pi.

aqdwil, speeches, sayings, &c., of Jy> qaul.

tune.

K^\
j^\

afifcat, pi. ci^^ afd'ik, liar.

a/m,

stupid

corrupted,

tribes, &c., of |y> qaum. N-J>^ aqabb, f. qabbd', pi. s-i qabb, having a very slender waist.
pi.

^U\ aqdyim, peoples,

spoiled.

JW^

iqbdl,

approach

arrival

; ; ;

i\

65
pro-ii^

ij^\

coming
speritj.
C**^

first

favouring

aqudd,
of

pi.

^
;

i aqidda-t, statures, &c., qadd.

aqbah, viler, vilest; more or most infamous, comp. of ^-t^

(U\

aqddm,

qadam

qabih.

advancing boldness; endeavour; diligence.


;

feet,

&c., pi.

of

^jj

iqddm,

aqhiya-f, overcoats, &c., pi. of W* qabd'. (ui-i\)=ui.i^ waqt, time, epoch;


'^s*\

C^'Wt aqddh, cups, pi. of

f^

qadah.

t^\ aqdah,
_)>Wl\

fly.

II. ui.i^

aqqat, fix a time.

aqdar, f. qadrd', wealthier.

more powerful,
boldest;

iqtihds, fetching fire from another's hearth borrowing acquiring; borrowed thoughts. JW^^ iqtibdl, accepting reception consent. lVaJJ>\ iqtihdm, rashness, temerity.
; ; ;

y"WJ^\

f>'^i\

aqdam,
aqrd',
tsy>

foremost,

older.
\)*\

canals, acqueducts, pi.


;

of

qariyy

pi.

rhymes.

\Ai\ iqiidd',
j\Axi\ iqtiddr,

imitation, emulation.

power

vV^^
t^y^\

iqiirdb,

wealth. approaching.
;
;

aqrdh, ulcerating. irp-ch-, confirmation, affirmaj\y\ tion ; confession ; acknowledgment of a duty or debt ; bond i5 iqrdriyy, truthful ; confirmed.

cV^

iqtirdh, improvisation
iqtirdd,
iqtird',

(m.)

yo\ji^

iqrdd, lending

money

sum

invention.

lent.

^\fi\

borrowing money.
casting
lots
;

&fA
(^\jx3\

(m.)

scuffle.

iqtirdn, joining, coupling, pairing. oU!i\ iqtisdd, moderation, economy


_i!jlo*J^

\f\ iqrd', faulty rhyme. (^\ji\ aqrdn, peers, equals, &c., pi. of (^}i qarin. T/^ aqrab, nearer ; more jjrobable
;

pi.

aqrabun, aqdrib, near


f.

rela-

tions.
gjji^

(J*

>sUxi3^

'ilmu-'l-

aqra',

qar'd' , pi. qur', qur'dn,


;

iqtisdd-i

fi-'l-masdrtf-i,

book-

keeping.
j\,aii\

iqtisdr, abbreviation,
;

abridge-

ment
^Uxi\
Uxi^

restriction.

iqtisds,

report

revenge.
;

bald (in consequence of illness) naked peeled grazed ofE empty complete (number) pi. aqdri', very hard cutting, clever sharp al-qard', yard
;

exigency requisite necessary consequence demand. i_4Uas*\ iqtitdf, plucking, gathering,


iqtidd',
;

calamity.
<-i^\
fl>f^

aqraf, crimson.

selecting.
gx*\ aqta',

aqram, stallion (for breeding). <Si!/\ aqriya-t, canals, aqueducts, pi.


of ts/ qariyy.
J)*\
j,LJ(\

U.a\

more contemptible. iqtifd', following upon


;

aqzal, pi. aqnzil, halting, limp; ;

one's

imitation heels ; giving the preference; friendly reception. Visi\ iqtind', acquiring, receiving, possessing. yeU!j\ iqtinds, hunting.
gUsS^ iqtind', being satisfied.
cVa!*\
_

having thin legs wolf. aqsdm, parts, portions, pi. of oaths, pi. of ^ ,-j qism qasam.
ing
;

aqhdh, pi. of jJ quhh, pure, &c. i*j\ aqhama-t, severe cold. t)^j*!*\ uqhuwdn, pi. aqdh-in,aqdhiyy, camomile ; /"ST ^j=>W aqdhiyyu- 1amr-i, first beginnings.

aqsimd', parts, portions, pi. pi. of (~~i qasim, of ^~-i qism sharer, co-heir. i->j\ aqissa-t, priests, pi. of t^-~i
V~.i\

qasls.
pi. aqdsim, portion, destiny, fate. ^i-i\ aqsa', more elevated; of higher

l-^\
lot

uqsuma-t,

rank or birth.

;; ;

;;

uaJi\

66

V>^

^oi\ aqsii', pi.

of (j-i qasiyy qds-in, far distant.


(ijsar,
f.

and yoU
aqdsir,

_)-=*\

qasrd,

pi.

tion ; weakness of the hips halting, limping. i*^ aq'ad, juster, more legal (m.)

shorter; neck.

having an emaciated

aq'ida-t, aq'as,

young camels,
qas'd',
pi.

pi.

of Jj qu'nd.
(j-*i\
f.

iLcj^\ (uqsusa-t), pi. aqdsis, stories, tales.

qu's,

^_^\
last
(ja*\

aqsa,

f.

qaswd,
or

a^asi,
;

more

most

qasyd, pi. distant

extreme.

having the back drawn in and the chest protruded having a high croup ant firmly grounded ; powerful long.
;
; ;

aqadd, f. qaddd', hard, pebbled ; not flexible (coat of mail) US AcU=- jamd'a-t qaddd', troop of people armed to the
;

aqf-in, see aqfi. '^\ aqjd', the same ; iqfd', preference, IV. of (yi).

<-a*^

^\

^ii\

iqfdr, being ruined, deserted

teeth.

^_^^ aqda, more or most judicious ; S aqdiya-t, fates, decrees, judgments, &c., pi. of qadd.

finding a desolate.
^/'^\

town destroyed and


yaJ>

aqfds, cages, &c., pi. of

(la\)

aqt,

iqt,

uqt, aqit, pi. aqtdn,

qafas. uSia\ aqfdf, stony

hills, &c., pi.

of

a friable cheese

cream
aqat,

aqit,

of congelated indigestible
;

*_

qiiff.

inf. aqt, prepare a dish with the said cheese, give a person to eat of it ; throw the adversary to the ground mix ; IV. INF. i'qtd', have plenty of cheese. ^\!aJ\ aqtdr, tracts (of land), &c., pi. of jlai qutr.
i,

JUi\ aqfdl, locks, bolts, &c., pi. of Jii qufl, q.v. j*\ aqfar, uncultivated, f. qufra, desert. ij~Ae\ aqfas, f. qafsd', bom from a free woman by a slave long and making folds f. intestines, bowels.
; ;

U=i\

aqtd-', pi.
<\.\.
;

qatV,
;

^ iqtd\ cutting,
of
giV'

and j-U
lop-

^J^\ aqfi (<-\ aqf-in), aqfiya-t, occiputs, &c., pi. of Ui qaf-an,


iji\

assigning lands on tenping iqtd'a-t, feudal tenure, ure assigned for military service.
;

qafd. aqall,
;

less,
;

least

smaller;

rarer

poor
pi.

f.

qulld, the little


little,

one; aqall-an, at least.

%\

aqilld',

yU=i^ aqtdn, cottons, pi. of

^^
;

of J-li qalll,

qutn,

qutun, qutunn.

^\

aqta',

f.

qat'd'. pi. qut', qut'dn, ofE


;

having his hand cut


interrupted ; more cutting

dumb
;

cut off sharper,

al-aqta'dn,

pen wicked

and
off

(m.)
aqtu',
S

worse,

sword more
cut

few, <fec. Sii\ aqldd, pi. of xAi^ iqlid, neck. iqld', intermission of a fever eradicating, pulling out. JSk*\ iqh'il, poverty.

^\

aqti'a-t,

._fl!aj(\

branches, pi. of gsla (//i'. aq{af,viho gathers more; what itches more.
uqpA'a-t,
pi.

^^\ aqldin, pens, &c., pi. of qahun. v_Ji^ aqlah, f. qalbd\ turned over, overthrown having turned-up
;

lips.
jii\

aqlah,

f.

&c^\
ship.
jViu\

qalhii, pi. qulh,


;

having

aqdti',

sent to cut

a person's
;

object frienddisease

dung-fly. U5\ aqlat, hopeless, despairing.


-AVi^

yellow teeth

iq'dd, causing to sit

aqlaf, f. qalfd', pi. qulf, uncircumcised; fertile; luxurious;

which compels to a

sitting posi-

full of notches.

67
(^) uqlum, hunting-hut (m.). 4^^ iqlid, key ring for the nose (of a camel) ; wire ; rope of
;

in

palm-leaves
(j)*!*^

pi.

aqldd, neck.

y-Vili^ iqlidas, Euclid.


iqlilan,

guidable long-necked; high; lengthy skilful as a miserly go-between f. high summit. aqwar, i. qaurd', spacious, jf^ roomy al-aqivarun, al-aqwa; ; ; ; ;

the whole of
pi.

any-

thing.

(^^
^<:*^\

iqlim,
;

zone

aqdlim, climate region, tract, province.

great calamities. (joji^ aqwas, hard, cruel vaulted, arched far off long. gy>\ aqwu\ plains, pi. of gli qd'.
'"^yydt,
; ; ;

iqliiiiiyd',

scum and vapour

i-sy^ aqivaf, clever


(y^

physiognomist.

of melting metals. jUi\ aqmdr, moons, pi. of }*i qamar; adversaries in a game of chance, pi. of ^#* qamtr.

aqwam, more or most upright,

&c., comp. of iifi qawim. i^f\ aqwa, stronger, richer.


^.f^

gU.8^ igm((',

taming; subduing; sub-

mission.
;**^

aqmar, f. qamrcV, pi. qumr, shining white shining like the moon; moonlit; aZ-ga.M-', moonlit night moonlight.
; ;

aqwiyd', pi. of ^Sj* qaiviyy, strong, vigorous, j)owerful, &c. (i-s*^) aqa, inf. aqy, feel nauseous in consequence of illness. jW*^ aqydd, fetters, &c., pi. of ^-
qaid.

i"i^\

aqmisa-t, i_^Ui qumds.

stufEs,

Ac,

jij'\

aqyar,

pi.

of

more

bitter.

^j>^ aqmisa-t,
(j**

shirts,

&c., pi.

of

^^^ aqyisa-t, measures, (j^ qiyds, q.v.


l=*i\

&c., pi. of

qamts.

aqit, indigestible.
ahlt,
;

^^^^

aqmita-t, swaddling clothes, &c., pi. of tUi qimdt. ^\ aqnd', bright red iqnd', aqnd'a-t, shady enriching
;

(^\) akk, r, inf.

be very hot
;

side.

g^^

iqnd',

satisfying,

rendering

content, persuading. Wl^ aqinna-t, slaves, &c., pi. of {^ qinn. ^)^^ uqnum, pi. aqdnim, root person (of the Holy Trinity).
;

,j*i\

aqna, aquiline
canals,

f.

qanwd', having an aqniya-t, nose


;

press be oppressed viii contracted with anxiety INF. i'tilcdk, be very hot ; throng be pressed (by business, &c.) knock against each other (feet) akka-t, suffocating heat plight; tumult; hatred, envy death. j>^\ akdbir, the great ones, grandees, pi. oi y4^ akbar. oli"^ ikdd, pi. akdyid, saddle-strap,

push back

ii

girth-leather.

fj^ qaniyy. j^\ iqniz, small cup. grey; als-<8*\ aqhab, f. qahbd',
<fcc.,

pi. of

akdzib, lies, pi. of hj^\ ukzuba-t. ^\ akkdr, pi. /^ akara-t, digger,


~^.S\i\

aqhabdn, elephant and buffalo.

rhyme. \f\ iqwd', faulty uiAji\ aqwdt, victuals, &c.,

peasant. y-jl^ akdris,


of
kirs.
I*ij^\

ij-ij'^\

akdr'is,

neigh-

pi.

bouring houses,

&c., pi. of (J-/


pi.

uy
(j-\y^

qilt.

aqwds, bows, pi. of (j-y qaus. \p\ aqwd', plains, pi. of ^ qd'. ^\ji\ aqwdl, sayings, Ac, pi. of Jy
qaul.
f>\^\

akdrim, noble deeds,

of

^}/^
)-'^\

ukrihna-t. akdsir, akdsira-t, the Chosakdsifa-t

roes, pi. of (^/~^ kisra.


tribes, &c.,
iJu,\i\

aqwdm, peoples,
qaum.
f.

= ii^^-^

asdkifa-t,

pi. of cji
^fi\

aqivad,

qaudd',

pi.

qud,

shoe-makers. ^\i\ ukdf, ikdf,

pi.

ukuf, saddlo for


\i\

68

Jt^\

horses or asses ald-af, maker of such saddles. ukdl, ikdl, itch ; J^^ ahdl, food aklcdl, voracious glutton. JsJ^ aJedlil, diadems, crowns, garlands, &c., pi. of JJ^\ iklil. (^^ dkdm, ikdm, chains of hills, pi. of i*^\ akam.
;

big belly wide.


i.s.a^\

satiated

broad.

akhat, short.

Js^^ akhal, having the eye-lashes black by nature or blackened with black-eyed collyrium
;
;

black.

(^^) akad, inf. akd, thresh corn

(**^^

^
M^^

akdmim, kimm.

sleeves, &c., pi. of

II.

INF.
;

fortify
j^'^^

ta'kid,

v.

INF.

strengthen, ta'akkud, be

akdyid, girth-leathers, pi. of


>ti

->^\ ikdd.

jM^

akbdd, livers, hearts, pi. of kabd, kibd, kabid.


akhad,
f.

^
rt^\

strengthened, fortified, akddr, troubles, pi. of j>^ kadar. j'^^ akdar, f. kadrd', pi. kudr, troubled, turbid; al-akdar, torrent.

habdd',

stout,

fat;

slow; see

^'Xfi'.

^^^\
; ;

ikzdb, detecting a lie,


;

causing

akhar, pi. -un, f. kubra, pi. knbar, greater older more important al-akbardn, the two first Caliphs al-akbar, al-kubra, the major term in a proposition pi. al-akdbir, the great ones,
; ; ;

grandees
cestor.

akbirra-t, ikbirra-t,
first

nearest related to the


>-*^\ aktdf, shoulders, kHf, kataf, katif.
JVa-!S\
iktihdl,

ant-AsS

to lie proving one to be a liar. ~'ii\ akzab, more lying, falser, more deceitful. 1^.)^^ ukzuba-t, pi. akdzib, lie. (j^^) akar, inf. akr, also v. inf. ta'akkur, dig the ground ukra-t, pi. ukar, well. \;f\ ikrd', hiring, renting, letting.
;

pi.

of

vV^
(\;S\

ikrdb, haste, iug, troubling.

hurry

afflict-

anointing the eyes


renting.

with collyrium.

\f^
V-~:S'\

iktird', hiring,

iAs^yiJ\ iktirds,

sorrow, anxiety.
dressing, putting

iktisd',

on

clothes.

^L-sS^

iktisdb,

acquiring, earning,

gain. >-l^\ aktaf,

ikrdm, honouring ; hospitable reception respect, reverence. 4^\/\ ikrdmiya-t, a present in cash given to one in office. Mji\ ikrdh, disgust, aversion, horror, hatred. Vj^^ akrab, more sorrowful, in greater anxiety. V-~i'\ aksd' back parts, pi. of (j~S
; ,

ders

having broad shoulhaving a lame shoulder

kus'.

(horse). \i^\ iktifd', having


satisfied.

enough

being

jU-J\ iksdd, being dull, languid. C~^^ aksah, pi. kuhsdn, lame. ^~^^ aksad, dull (market).

^U;;i'\ iktindf, help, protection.

VS\ iktindh,

endeavour to understand a thing thoroughly. i.i-i\ akass, f. kassd, pi. li^ kvss, dense with a dense beard.
;

5~^^ aksa', having a white spot on the forehead (horse, &c.). tj~^^ aksa, better dressed or dressi aksiya-t, dresses, ing (others)
;

pi. of

^^ kisa.

^.t~J\ uks!d,
ftr~^\ iksir,

oxyde (m.).
elixir,

jii\

^\

aksar, more numerous, more; ^J aksariyy, frequent; aksariyy-an, mostly h aksariyya-t, plurality, generality. with a aksam, stout, fleshy

philosopher's
his teeth.

stone. j-i^\ akiar,


i-4-i^\

who shows
f.
;

aksaf,

kasfiV, pi.

uncovered

open

kusfdn, (fighting)

; .

,J^\

69
;

/^
>-^\ aklaf,
yellow,
f.

without shield or helmet avoiding the combat. ahsam, lynx injured. C"*^^ ^^ ak'd', pi., boasting and cowardly
;

kalfd', pi. kulf,


;

dark
lion
;

brown

al-aklaf,

al-kalfd', wine.
Jl^\ iklil, pi. akdlil, akilla-t, frontcirclet, diadem, crown the white of the eyes the flesh round the root of a nail the 27th station of the moon i^ ikliliyy, the seam of the skull.
let,
; ; ;
;

(<_ii'\)

akkaf, saddle; ukuf, saddles, pi. of u\S\ ukuf, ikuf akuff, pi. of '-^ kaff, palm of
II.

^\

the hand
kafdf.

ii

akiffa-t,
pi.

livings,

livelihoods,

&c.,

of

i-i^sS"

akfa,
;

pi. of

q.v.

ikfd',

^ kafw, dissonance

equal, &c., of vowels

in a

rhyme.

^\

akfah, black.

j\jgs>i\

ikfihrdr, shining of the stars, and, by opj)Osition, darkness. (J^^) akal, V, INF. akl, ma'kal, inf. IMP. kid, eat, consume gain ikla-t, ukdl, akdl, scratch
;

(^i) akarti, pi. ikdm, dkdm, ukwm, ahum, chain of hills i akama-t, pi. akm, rising ground, hill, heap of stones uMm, pass, be quite eaten up (pasture ground) x. inf. isti'kdm, be
;

hilly

find

place
of
j_5*^

soft

(for

sitting upon).

^\
lUi\

akmd',

pi.

kamiyy,
;

armed from head

to foot

brave.

be eaten, corhave an roded be scratched II. INF. ta'hll, ask itching; one to eat to give much to eat,
akil, INF. akdl,
;

JUi'\ ikmdl, completion, perfection-

inf. mu' dkala-t, ikdl, eat together with another, iv. share in another's meal inf. i'kdl, give to eat, invite to eat sow discord bring forth fruit ; bring one in another's V. INF. ta'akkul, shine power v., viii. inf. i'tikdl, brightly; get corroded burst into a rage, x. inf. a passion fly into isti'kdl, ask for something to eat ; ruin. also J^\ akil, eating, corroding dMl, pi. dkdl, tyrant, king; pi. ukl, ukul, food, akala-t, eating pasture ; victuals, livelihood ; ukl, fruit ; goods of the world solidity prudence, intelligence i akila-t, ikla-t, (of materials) itching ; cancer, gangrene
;

eat much
; ;

aknidm, flower-sheaths, &c.,

pi. of

^ kimm sleeves,
; ;

pi.

of

iii.

(^ kumm. i}*^\ akmal, more or most perfect. /^\ akmah, born blind rich of
herbs.

f*^ akmu', mushrooms,


of

truffles, pi.

^U^\ akndf,
(yU^\

^ kam'.
akndn,

sides, tracts,

&c., pi.

of i-jji kanaf.
veils,

&c., pi.

of

i^

^\

kinn. akinna-t, veils, coverings, &c., ukna-t, kindn pi. of

y^

nest.

C^^\ akwdh, huts, &c., pi. of kdh and tj^ kuh.


i^ji^\

t^

akwdd,

troops,

&c., pi. of

J^ kaud;

heaps
pi.

squadrons,
of

earth, pi. of

Sj^ kauda-t.
of

akla-t,
ikla-t,
iikal,
la-t,

akla-t, ukla-t, meal ukla-t, pi. calumny ukamorsel, mouthful


; ;

j\/\

akwdz, cups, &c.,


akivd', wrists,
pi.

)/
kd'

kuz.

g^/\

of

glutton; akilla-t, dkila-t, herd; cancer; diadems, &c., pi. of (k^\ iklim. ^-^\ aklab, more like a dog. Un aklat, limping, halting.

hearty

eater,

and gj^ ku'. (,\)^\ akwdm, heaps


pi.

of earth, &c.,

kuma-t, q.v. of y-/\ aku's, cups, &c., pi. of y-^^ akwas, prettier, comp. of ka's
;

^^

(j-^.^

g/\

kuwayyis. akwa', f. kau'd',

having

;;

70
dl-in,
call,
:j\

; ;

/<
sprained wrist; having big ankles or knuckles. J^^ akul, gluttonous, voracious aJcwal, elevated al-ahwal, rising of S the ground akilla-t, fatted beast uMla-t,

all, sigh, see ^J^ dli oath ; cry ill, covenant relationship neighbour origin
;

hatred
first
;

God
i

religion

ull,

the

dla-t, pi. dldt, tool, in-

strument (also musical); engine;


bier, hearse prop, support ; dla-t, a family or tribe steam, vapour condition alla-t, pi. all, alal, ildl, short lance with a broad iron illa-t, relationship pi. Hal, groaning ulla-t, pi. ulal, a herd on a distant pasture.
; ; ; ; ; ;

bait.
f<l^\

member

akwa/)n,

f.

kauma,
;

pi.

Jcilm,

high, elevated al-akwatnnn, the Uji' Jcnma', having nipples a high hump (camel). cW^^ ahydh, mountain slopes or
;

ridgesj
Jcih.

pi.

of

c^

Mh

and

^
S\

(j^^\ ahyds, purses, &c., pi. of pi. of (j~i^ kayyis, {j-^ his cunning, intelligent, &c. JW^^ akyiil, measures, &c., pi. of
;

^\

J<^

kail.

aJcid,

firm,

strong

certain,

positive, true.

a-ld, nonne ? is it not so ? halloa aid', wild bullocks ; dhV, benefits, boons, pi. of ^J^ ily al-ld.= 'i (j\ an id, that not, lest; il.ld='i t}\ in ld,ii not, unless, except less, e.g. -ni\ (^'^ S\ alfilld ^aldsin, one thou!

{j^\ akyas, f. kisd', kusd\ prudent, cunning prettier, comp. of {j^^ huwayyis.
;

'i

sand

less thirty,

970;

ulld=

<^i^\ akik, very hot.


^}-ii\

akil, t.

eatable (adj.,

eating, devouring bait; tables.)


;
;

ft^ la'im, equal, similar. ""S\ dldt, instruments, &c., pi. of ^\ dla-t uldt, female posses;

ij)\ ula, these. (2\ al'dm, pi. of

companion.
(J\) all,

INF. all, be agitated, moved, hurry in agitation; hasten anywhere tremble, quiver shine, irritate drive away glitter sew, stitch against pierce cry out INF. all, alal, alii, sigh
XI,
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

sors, see ^}\ ulu and ^j ^J^\ dldtiyy, musician.


6jS\ ildda-t, birth.
(j-S\ ulds,

zii.

madness.
pi.

^S\
ilf

al'af, friends, &c.,


;

dldf

of U>i\
aldfdt,

and

ci>US\
>-ii\

aloud imploringly or from pain murmur (water) dress the ears refuse to chase (fal(horse) A, INF. alal, be con) alii. corrupted, have a nasty smell; II. INF. ta'lil, sharpen into a
; ;

thousands, pi. of ulldf, companions,


dlif.
^J''i\

pi.

alf; of <-J\
pi.

of

aldqiyy, riddles, ^'i\ ulqiyya-t.


ulldk, those.
aldl,

&c.,

*!S\

point.
J\ al,

J'i\

lie;

ildl,

lances, pi. of

joined in writing to the following word, and in pronunciation (by wasla-t) Aj*5\ to the previous one, as <iU*S\ a-c al-'abdu, the slave 'abdu-'l-malik-i, the slave of the

Arabic definite

article,

^\ alla-t. al'am, f>i\

broken) more to be blamed dldm, pains, sorrows, pi. of


; ;

alam; ildma='^
f^i\

rejoined

(what

was

^J^

Ha

iiid,

dl, dl (v.), see (J;^) awul, family, race, dynasty vapour round the sun mirage prop object, person, thing
; ;

king

until

when

until.

yS\ al-dn, now, at present.


S\

pi.

ildh, God, see uldha-t, divinity ; divine.


,

i3\

ildh;

6
f.

ildhiyy,


i\

; ;; ;

?i
alif,

^^

^}\

ald'lf, pi.

of

>^\

familiar,

W^^

iltihd',

becoming bearded.
; ;

intimate.
(s-J^) alab,
I, u, inf. alh, assemble, gather together from all sides drive together; be driven together collect hasten return
; ; ;

(VjfciJ^

iltihdm, union, alliance; at-

tachment healing (wound) growing fierce (battle). S\^\ iltizdz, tasting, enjoying,
relishing.
(tj;i5\

rain continually ; ii. iNr. ta'ltb, drive speedily along; incite to

iltizdm, necessity
;

obligation
;

enmity v. inf. ta'allub, assemble (n.), gather together. s-J^ alh, urging instigating vivid
;
;

dependence adhesion renting taking the public revenues on


farm.
uaUs5\ iltifdt,
;

sympathy violent fever-heat ; thirst ; first membrane of a healing wound skin ; poison stratagem ill,
afEeetion,
; ;

turning round
; ;

atten-

heat

tion soHcitude favour transition in a speech.

sudden

^\

finger tree
;

span between thumb and foreassembly ; a poisonous 8 ulba-t, hunger.

iltiqd', interview, meeting, encounter, mingling together. kUx3\ iltiqdt, chance, hazard, accident.

W5^ alibhd', pi. of

s-W

(jUjJ\

iltimds,

petition,

labib, clever,

prayer,

&c.
vW5^ alhdb, pi. of s-5 lubb, heart, mind, intellect throats, &c., pi. of <T^ labab. leW^^ albd{, pi. skins.
;

supplication.
wiVgaJ^ iltihdb,

conflagration, inflam-

mation.
\)^\
iltiwd',

complication,

involu-

tion.

^r^\ albub, vessels of the heart, heart pi. of s-J lubb.


;

^J^^ allati, f. of t5^\ allazi, which, who.; allati and dim. allatayyd',

i^\

al-hattat-an, certainly,

by

all

calamity.

means, altogether, on the whole. {j^\ albas, f. labsd', enveloping everything V-~{J A*ft\u ddhiya-t
;

cV^\
(^ai!\

iltiyuh,

thirst

glittering,
(n.)
;

sparkling.
ilti'dni,

reuniting
;

re-

labsd',

immense calamity
garments,
pi.

joining
council.

(n.)

agreement

(m.)

albisa-t,
libds. vj-J\

of

yM
the

^\
^\

alsa',

who pronounces badly

albiW,

ulbub, kernel of

the letters i^ and g


alsag, who pronounces badly, stammerer, lisper. l^\ iljd', compulsion.
iljdj, (m.) molestation, importunity. lVi^\ iljdm, bridling. iu^\ aljima't, bridles, pi. of (^J

lotus-fruit.
(i*J^)
alat, I, INF. alt, injure anyone in his right restrain ward compel one to an oath or ofE calumniate to give evidence
; ; ;
; ;

g^sJ\

IV.

INF.
allat,

i'ldt,

injure.

fcaJ\ alt,

false accusation,

calumny
f.

ijii\

allati=^^^\ allati, allazi, which, who.


iltibds,

of

lijdm.

^^\

aljiyy,

musician

ilchi

yl^\

ambiguity, doubt confusion, chaos disquietude


;

epilepsy.
^\iji\

(Turk.), ambassador; tentiary legate. cU^\ ilMh, importunity.


;

plenipo'

iltisdm, kiss, kissing.

jUsH
v5^a^\

ilhdd,
ilhdq,
;

impiety

apostasy
;

seeking refuge with. eW*!^ iltijdj, heaving of waves. ps5\ alta^, more sagacious in interlq5jJ\ iltijd',

heresy.

reaching
afiiliation

adding
;

annexing

aggrega-

preting.

tion; codicil.

; ;;

;; ;

e^^

72
pi.

wflS\

t)W^ alhan, notes, modulations,


of
(3=!^
(;><fcJ

lahn

ceive
(j~J\

ilhdn, song.

feel pain
als,
;

v. inf. betray be agitated.


;
;

ta' alius,

^*S\
(jiSsH

al-haqq, truly, really, in fact. alhum, kinds or pieces of

deceit,

treachery,
;

lie

flesh, pi. of

having an agreeable enunciation good singer. ^jJ\ alha, having a long beard.
alhan,
;

theft

bad

race

corrupted

laAm.

(^\

state ; madness. alsan, pi. lusn, eloquent ; alsun, alsina-t, tongues, &c.,

pi. ^J^\

of

y^ lisdn.
f.

(gJl) alah, VIII. ^Uj\ i'talah,

become

alass,

lassd',

having some

getting difficult grow high and luxuriantly ; mingle together turn sour. ^\ abbreviation for if^ ,J\ ila dhiri-hi, to the end of it, i.e.
; ,

complicated,

parts

of the body (shoulders, teeth, &c.) too close together


;

having a narrow forehead


thievish.

more
lafs,

ijcU\ alsds, robbers, pi. of


liss, luss.

etc.

(;^\ alhan, pi. uncircumcised


(_5^\
(Ji3^),

luhn,
;

f.

lahnd,

^i^\
S=S\

ilsdq,

adhesion, iv.
toothless,

((3-=S).

alha,
;

f.

smelling badly. lahwd', garrulous,

alatt,

having
;

bad

teeth.

talkative pass,

see

^^

ulid,

be

born

v.

become confused.
jJ\

kinder, y-M\ altaf, more lovely comp. of t-aJJ latif. \*i\ al'd', bones of the fingers.
ul'ubdn, who is fond of play, of game. <s~Ki\ al'as, slow, heavy, ponderous. ijye!^ ul'nba-t, play, pleasantry. ^\ ulug (Turk.), great, powerful.
(jV-j<3\

aladd, pi. ludd, liddd, very quarrelsome contentious long jMa-i=6'^j necked (camel)
; ;

wilda-t,

of

'^j

children, sons, &c., pi. walad and JhJ^ walid.


pi.

(j\jJ\

aldds,

of

(j~j>*3

ladis,

V!\

ilgd',

omission

abolishing

fleshy.
ii\

annulling.
(^^\ allazi, f. u>^\ allatl, du. y\'i5\
allatdni,
pi.
f.

allaz, allazi,

allat, allati, ^_^^

jUi^ algdz, riddles, pi. of _)5 lugz. jjxS< ulgilza-t, riddle.


(i_aJ\) alif, first

allazdni,

f.

^^^
;

letter of the
:

Arabic
alf,
pi.
;

(^^\
which,

allathia,

who

alldti, ij'^\ alazz, sweeter,

alphabet
ta'lif,
ulitf,

hence

ii.

allaf, inf.

write an alif;
dldf,
:

more

pleasant,

more delightful

aldfdt,
i,

S alizza-t,

people

who

live in

hence
pieces

alaf,
;

thousand give a thousand

enjoyment.
firmly adhere aliz, inf. alaz, be to (s-> hi) agitated, disquieted, to adhere, cev^^ji^ iUdq, making menting, glueing attaching. necessiihdm, compulsion ^\y\
(j5\)

ii.,

iv. inf. i'ldf,

make

alaz,

I,

INF.
;

alz,

Ijecome the thousand full ; raised to a thousand. (i_a!\) alif, A, INF. ilf, alf, accustom grow tame; one's self to (ace.) hence ii. unite, establish friendcompose ship (between others)
;

tating.
(jJ\

alzam, more or most


difficult,
I,
;

neces-

sary.

y^\ alean,
(u-i\)

hard.
als,
;

alas,
;

inf.
steal
;

betray

accustom anyone gain to, become accustomed to one's confidence and favour by v., viii. assemble intercourse VIII. have familiar inter(n.)
a book
;

iv.

deceive

be of a be violently agitated, in emotion III, INF. 4~J^y mu' dlasa-t, delie

wrong opinion

pass,

err,

course.
-ii\
(7/,

pi. al'df,

friend,

companion,

confidant (also female) ; alif, bachelor friend, companion ;


;

; ;

; ;

UiW

n
(duf,

4J\

uluf,
familiar familiar
f. S

pi.
;

of
ulif,

<-*y^

very

<Uaf,
pi.

tamer,
pi.

more
ulldf,

W^^i iS,an-aniyti, who speaks with difficulty, with an impediment.


J3\
alal,

cjS\
-(?<

cUifa-t,

ui>^

and
;

the shoulders; side of a

awdlif,
alaff,

friend,

companion

blade;
alla-t;

alal, lances,
ilul,

f. pi. Z/, implilaffii\ cated in difficult business, not equal to such awkward slow with, a heavy pronunciation densely populated thronged f . fleshy thigh ; ilfa-t, female companion familiar ulfa-t,
; ; ;

of

iil

illa-t;

pi. of iJ\ relationships, pi.

M?oZ,

herds on a
ii\

distant pasture, pi. of


'i^\

ulla-t.

alld', ^_pi\
(:>?.M^

alld'i, o^jSJ^ alldwih,,

alldijhi, pi. of tsJJ\

alla:i,

ii

which, who. o*^!^ pi. f. which, who.


,

c.aj^,

intercourse.
feU!\

alfilz,

words, &c.,

pi.

of

yUU\, under ji^


(_5'!U\

JJJ1

= ^^,
;

&c., q.v.

W^in allatayyd, calamity


alldti, i.
ii^\
I^'i\

lafs.
t-*Vi5\

densely grown trees, alfi'if, gardens with luxuriant vegetaliff, laff.

dim. of which, who.


ii\

alldh,

God, see

ildh.

tion, pi. of Uil


kta!\

= l^\ a-lam, interrogative, nonne ?


a-lammd)
;

alfat,

f.

laftiV,

awkward

(also UJ^
;

alani, pi.

stupid.

i^^\ alfas, stupid foolish. <s^\ alfak, awkward, stupid.


;

dldm, pain, grief (m.) irritation; passion; aliin, dlim, feeling

pain.
((S^)
;

((j!l) aliq,

A, inf.
glitter,
;

cilq, ilnq,

shine,

be

mad

flash

deceive

pass.

v.
;

inf.

ta'alluq,

sparkle ; jewelry)

shine (with raise the head and ; be ready for quarrel (a woman)

gleam

alim, A, INF. alaiii, feel pain, IV. inf. i'him, pain, cause pain; v. inf. ta'allum, feel pain be irritated be re-

ache

(j3\

VIII. INF. i'tildq, flash (light-

grudge. i_yUi\ alnids, diamond. gUJ\ ilmd', shining cracking the


; ;

vengeful

ning).
illaq,

flashing

ilq,
;

f.

pi.

ilaq,

wolf

female ape

ulqa-t, flash, glitter.

stealing. fingers g^\ alma', having a vivid mind vivacious. liar alma'iyy, vivacious ^_f-*^\ S alma'iyya-t, vivacity.
; ; ;

y\

alqcV, pi. of

ii^aS

laqwa-t, liqwa-t,

female
pi.

of

eagle,

alert

woman
is
;

(_5*3\

alma, red lips

f.
;

lamijd,
;

having dark

shady

cold of spittle.
alanjiij, aloe.
;

laqaii,

what

away
q.v.
>-jU!^

as

worthless

of

thrown
ilqiV,
(ijSi),

Q^\
oxi5\
(ii\)

alanjaj,

Ejas'^^^

alandad, quarreller
alah,

screamer.
uhVia-t,

throwing away, &c.,


alqdb, titles of s-^ laqah.

iv.

inf.

ildha-t,
;

of honour,

&l-.,

pi.

^\ alaqa, irascible woman;

shrew;

ulqiyya-t, pi. aldqiyy, riddle, problem al-aldqiyy, calamities.


i
;

alih, inf. uWiiyya-t, adore alah, be perplexed, confused be very much afraid of {i_^ seek help or refuge with 'ala) grant alh, inf. ila) (iji
;

(<iU\)

alaJc,

INF.
;

JiJ3\

pass, be mad bridle ; send X. INF. isti'ldlc, bring a mes-

alk,

bite

the

shelter or security to (ace.) ta'lth, deify a being II. INF. iv. inf. make one a slave ; v. inf. rescue i'ldh, help,
; ;


10

sage, a letter.

ta'alhih, adore.

alkad,

who never

leaves

home

&J\,J\ ildh, pi. dliha-t, god.,


;

cowardly.

with

art. i'^\

alldh, the

divimtj; one true


ii\

;; ;

H
<sJJU
;

J^
and, by opposition, vigorous, energetic; foolish. ^y^ alwad, pi. ahodd, unjust ; refractory.
(j-y\

God

iii\>

U-'lluhi,

taniuld,

^m^ wa'lluhi, by God i^ li-'UuU, for God's sake, to God illili, S iViha-t, goddess perplexed
;

gods, idols adoration passionate love half moon sun snake. s^Wn ilhlh, inflaming, kindling (s.). ilhum, divine inspiration, f^^\ revelation instinct. i^^\ ulhdniyya-t, deity adorafalse
; ; ; ;

coll.

deities,

aids,

something (with negauhif, very familiar thousands, pi. of >-a5^

tive,
>-jy\

nothing).

aldf, pi.
uhif',

alf.

,3y\

alwaq, stupid.

i*y\

tion.

aldqa-t, butter.
ali'ilc,

cream with
;

dates

v^^
Sj3!\

f^^\

aUahumma,

God by God
!

i)y\

idhub, mettle of a steed, of a race-horse ; heat.

messenger
message.

uluh,
;

uh'ih-i-t,
Iy\

ulhuwwa-t, 'i^\ ulhiyya-t, toy, pastime, amusement funny


;

question.

^\

iluhiyy,
'ilin

f.

divine

caUgiSl

^
theo-

alwain, more to be blamed alvma-t, vice abominations. 4-jfcy\ it>^\ ulnka-t, nhViiyya-t, divinity, divine essence.
;

al-ildJiiyyat,
;

logy, divinity

metaphysics.

^J\ ila, to, unto, until; pi. did', benefit all


;

ily,

llaii,

J^ dl-in),
;

f.

'

too weak,

insufficient

(y\) aid, u, INF. alw, uluww, aliyy, alan, be not equal to a thing or person, therefore hesitate, desist; with negative be not afraid of be haughty, proud; iv. swear,

take an oath v. swear ; be not equal to a thing be haughty VIII. INF. i'tild', be not equal to
; ; ;

takes many oaths, swears frequently; ahja-i, pi. alydf, aldyd', sheep with a rich tail; calf (of the leg); fleshy part of the hips; aliyaliyy,

who

yii-t,

oath.
jil.

tU3\ alydr, reeds, spears, &c.,

of

and

swear x. desist from a thing on account


desist,
fail
; ;

4M
ij--^\
lis,

llta-t.

ii^\ alyas,
geous.

pi.

Z?s,

strong, coura-

of its difficulty. ^\ alw, benefit, favour, excrement of sheep


;

ulumv,

present

a-laisa, is

not ? alyas, pi. courageous noble gene;

wood

for fumigation (distance of a) bow-shot ; race-course ; abundance; ahva-t, arrow;

rous

by

shot; ahva-t, il'uv-t, uhm-t, aluwwa-t, iliiwica-t, uluiinvri-t, oath; alwa-t, tduivwa-t, riches, plenty, large number; fragrant wood tor fumigation.
t\^\ alwdlf, planks, &c., pi. of
laiijl}.

strong and willing opposition, cowardly not


;

lion

jealous.

^\
>-SrJ\

(V

?//(?(/,

who pronounces badly;

stupid.
alif, yl. ald'if, intimate, familiar; friend, companion.

^\

alyaq,

more

appropriate,

t^

fitter.

J*i\ alil, grief of


pi.

!\^\

alwdd,

ill-wishers, ill-disId',

loss of children

a mother at the ague, shivering


;

posed persons. g^p\ alwd% pi. of gS


&c.
y\ji\

timorous,

from fever murmuring of water, alyal, f. laild, long and &c. dark (night, lit. more of a night
;

nlirdii, colours,
(vjjJ

&c., pi. of
i^ji\

shades, kinds, lann.

than another).

^\

alim, painful, aching.

alwas,

f.

lavgd^ soft, flabby,

y^l\ alyan, softer,

more

delicate.

;; ,

J<
U*J\
alijlniV, pi.

76
laijyin, soft,

M
tures
;

of

(^5

Imam
;

form,
;

figure

&c.
I^

arre, or ? (in the second part of a question), or not ? yes, cer-

tainly.
((>\)

amm,

tj,
;

inf.
;

amni, intend,

strive after

repair to middle of
;

go towards a place visit strike on the


the skull imnma-t,
;

term obedience dmma-t, broken skull. a-7nd, is it not? or not? certainly, undoubtedly (imiui'i, but, but as to; immd, if; immd-immd, whether or imd'

mother

time,

inf.
go

female slaves,

pi.

of ama-t.

in front, lead, give an example to amm, for others; command; amim, inf. 'iini.ilma-t, be or inf. a ma m, become mother
;

amm,

imam,

Ai'W imdta-t, killing, causing one's death.

Ji^M

imd s II,

pi.

of

J-i^\

III

sal,
;

most

like the

model, exemplary

together ii. inf. ordain; ii., v. ta'iiihu, inf. iii. ta'ammum, intend inf. mu'ihunia, he clear, evident; be aj^proaeh find fit, connear venient V. consider as one's mother, take for a mother ; make one's ablutions with earth viii. inf. instead of water i'timam, intend; imitate; take

be

close


;
;

^W
jW

al-amdnl, the great ones. amdjid, pi. of ^a:-*^


nobler.

aiiijad,

j^jU\ amddUi, praises, noble deeds,


pi.

of

A=.jJiA\

iMlJlVllt-t.

time or place of an appointment, sign iiiidr, order, decree, edict aimndr, inaiiidr,
; ;

clined

commanding

dictatorial

amara-t,

imdra-t,

power; sign; government, power,


prefecture
signs,
pi.
;

for

an

example

dominion
rdt,

pi.

imd-

x.

consider as mother, take for a mother


isti'milm,

inf. one's
;

amdi'ir,

indications,

way-marks.
'^jW

take

amdrid,

of

if\

amrad,

for a guide.
f>\

beardless.
f^
;

am, or?
yes,

JJi

am

certainly
;

pi. ummdt, lundu. iimmihi, mother mother and mother-in-law

tion

ammi,
;

hal, or not':'

inten-

Ilium,

_)jW amdxir, pi. of y^" mazir, brave, &c. y-W dmds, yesterdays, pi. of ij-^\

mahdt,

ams.

jcW

amd'iz,

_)*eW

amd'lz,

goats,

origin, first principle, prototype

&c., pi. of j^*^ am'itz.

ummaluH, elements of created


nation species things quently in composition j^\c |\ other words, as
;
; :

fre-

with

ij^\ am'dq, dmdq, inner corners of the eyes, pi. of J^-* inu'q, milq; dmdq, the same, pi. of iS^\

umm

amq, umq.

'((mV,

hyena

(^)^\

(>\

ummu-'l-

y^U\

amdJcin, places, habitations,

qur'dn,

first
i^jS'^
;

Koran;
6

see {f}^) a'm-in, dm'!, imd\ amawdt, amivdn, imivdn, umwdn, rich dma-t, slave female
;

Mecca, &c.
ama-t,

dm,
; ;

chapter of the ummu-'l-qura, |^

&c., pi. of

o^^ makdn.

pi.

harvest grass rain placenta imma-t, favour, benefit rule


; ; ; ;

of conduct

kind

gion

leadership

umma-t,
; ; ;

form

reli-

pi.

hopes, thoughts, pi. of amdl-in, dictations, amal J^\ imdla-t, imld'; &c., pi. of causing to incline pronunciation of d like e or /. y~SU\ amdlis (cimdlls), deserts, pi. of tr'*'^^ imJis. et~JU\ amdllt, pi. swift camels. anuhn, before, in front f.U\

JU\

dindl,

umum, assembly, crowd


tribe,

nation,
crea-

imam,
dent
;

pi.

family

partisans

a'imma-f, leader, presititle of the first Caliphs

; ; ;

76

J-^
antistes
;

A
exemplary; al-amdsU, the great amsila-t, ones grandees similitudes, types, models, &c.,
; ;

sacred

book
;

higli

road to Mecca direction towards Mecca; example, model command of God plumb-line moderator school-task imdma-t, leadership, dignity of an Imam; umdma-t, herd of 300 camels ik imihniyya-t,
; ; ; ;

road

iiji^\

of JVi< misdl. umstda-t, example, quotation, sentence school-task. walk very (er*^) amaj, i, inf. anij, quickly amij, A, inf. amaj,
pi.
; ;

the Shiites.
y^"^

amdna-i, security, protection safe-guard escort faith; amdti, pardon, mercy;


'i

amdn,

ummdn-^^^\ ummiyy; confiding stupid peasant, farmer antdn-iu, desires, fancies, of &~^\ immiyya-t umdniyy, deposit ;S amdna-t,
; ;
;

be very hot be thirsty. ^\ amaj, very hot heat thirst. J^^^ amdjid, ^!^^ amjad', pi. nobler; more illustrious; more
;

celebrated.

j_s

iimditi,

pi.

amah, inf. amahdn, cause a throbbing pain. W\ immihhd, getting effaced.


(c^^)
jV.^/\

innnihdq, calamity.

deposit, truss. (o-^\) amat, i, inf. amt, guess or try to determine the number or

(jaat"^ aiiilias,
(3a:'^^

quantity intend be crooked slope be elevated ii. inf. ta'min, determine the number or
; ; ; ;

quantity. u>^\ amt, pi. umut, dmdt, uneven, crooked rising of the ground difference of opinion, doubt. imtisdl, obedience, complyJ\jb:.*\
; ;

easily pacified. ainhaq, who has no good luck; small. 4^^j&/\ umhiida-i, unselfish advice admonition of a true friend. {^X) amad, be finished, be determinated amid, A, inf. amad,
; ;

ing

-with.

t)W~*\ imtihdn, examination. j\xi*\ imfiddd, extension, protraction, prolongation; ductility. ^\y^\ imtizdj, mixture, conjunction, intercourse; constitution of body

ii. be angry with (jj^ 'ala) fix a term viii. agree with each other about a term. amad, anger end, term limit death goal of a racecourse full, loaded amid,
;

(ship)

aiiiadd,

more
succour
;

ex(in

tended.

o\^

iiiiddd,

help,

and

niind.
\A.

i*xA amti'o-t, goods, &c.,

of

subsidies. d=.^A.\ umdi'iha-t, pi. amddi/i, praise praiseworthy deed.

troops,

money, &c.)

g^ matd'.
!Xx\

Oj^
indigestion, oppres-

umdud,

habit

custom

imiild' ,

fill,

manner.
h'^'^ amdiya-i, watering-places, pi.

sion of the stomach. gbjw\ imtind', hindrance, refusal, abstinence. yUi*\ imtindn, obligation, favour
received. jLi*^ imtiydz, distinguishing, dispireference jn-c-cmitinction
;
;

of t5.x madiyy.
(/*\)

nence privilege. ^\xA itmsdl, fables, proverbs, &<.,


;

amar, v, inf. amr, imdi; dmira-f, imp. mitr, dmui; order, command; amir. A, inf. imdra-t, be or become a leader, prince; amir, a, inf. amar, amara-t, be plentiful and perfect
;

have

many

pi.

of

Ji^\

amml,

J^

masal.
f.

mvda,
like

pi.

aiudiiil,

more

closely

approaching

the

original,

more

the model

hard, difficult; ii. inf. ta' mlr, make one a prince mark (by branding) mark out the boundaries place the iron on a lance
;

cattle

be

;-\

77

J^\
umru'a-i, pi. amdri.', land yielding abundant fruit and pastures. ijy\ imra'iyy, manly, manful

INF. mu'dmara-t, x. inf. iv. inf. i'mM', order, command increase one's children and cattle (G-od) v. INF. ta'ammm; consult exercise dominion vi. inf. ta'dmur, consult each other viii. inf. i'timtlr, receive an order. f\ amr, pi. awctmir, order, edict dominion ; IMP. power, pi. umnr, matter, business, case, affair ; y&cj dif&cult, imr, wonderful case important amir, commander God MahoIII.

isti'mdr, consult

^if}

ii

of ^s/* mari', alimentary canal. ii"f-'\y\ imzuja-t, bodily constitution


pi.

amri'a-t,

temper. ^y\ anwija-t, mixtures, constitutions, &c., pi. of

eV

""'^'V-

met numerous, complete Muamarr, f. miirra, harram more bitter, comp. of y inurr al-amarrun, old age and poverty f al-murraydn, wormamarr, wood and coloquintida
;

U~^* ams, pi. dmus, dmus, dm fig, yesterday; time just past amsin, hi-'l-ams-i, al-ams-a, yesterday, just now (_r~\ ,_5~- musya ams-in, last night ; amass,
; ;

^\

more
*\

principal. imsdk, parsimony, avarice;


;

firmer,

comp. of
;

;/

marir

withholding abstinence abstemiousness. (r^ amsah, more stupid more


; ; ;

(m.)

imra',imru',i.

dmira-t,
command.
woman.
j\/'\

S imra' a-t,imrii' a-t, amara-t, stone to wolf mark the road; a ira-i, comimmand, power, dominion ra-t, dominion by a substitute increase of fortune administration of a fortune expenditure

man

"^1

tasteless.
*^

ii

pi.

amaila-t, channels, of J > masal.

gutters,

t)-^ umsuh,
ts-~^^

plank, board. of yesterday umsiyya-t, yesterday's evening.


imsiyy,
;

gUurf^

pi.

awdmir,

order,

amsdj, mixtures, pi. of g~^ masaj, masij j)l. of q<~^ luaiiij, mixed, mixtures.
;

tU-\
;

\f\ umard', chiefs, princes, &c., pi. imra'a-t, imrdt, of yi^\ amtr

ii

amrdr,
;

of S/ mirra-t, vigour, power, intelligence, &c. (jo\^\ amrdd, diseases, &c., pi. of

&c.

pi.

of

murr, bitter,

amiidt, combs, pi. of SaA/* must, &c. j;la/\ Immisdh, weaning of a child imsilh, pushing forth leaves.

jU.*\

pi.

y ^^\

amsdr, large
misr.

cities, &c., pi.

of

ijc/*

marad
amrd',

immirdd,
of
5!;'*

weakmari',

ness.

^y\

pi.

amsah, declining and disappearing (shadow). bXaA amsida-t, highest summits, pi. oLm masdd.
iyeA
amsira-t, pi. of jt-^^ masir, gut, intestine. ((jiw^) amid. A, inf. amad, persist in spite of objections, remontalk otherwise strances, &c. than one thinks dissimulate.
; ;

abounding in herbs and water. o\/\ amrdq, spikes (of corn). ^y\ amrad, f. mardd', pi. miird,
beardless
hairless
ty\
;
;

covered with
pi.

down

leafless.

amrat,
;

murt,

mirata-t,

hairless
thief.
gy\

featherless
pi.

(arrow)

U/^
;

amru',

of

jSj-*

marl',

abounding in herbs and water. tjA imnC, man.

execution sealing (m.) signature ; subscription. ^j^\ amda, passing more quickly more penetrating more acute

imdd\

more

effectual,

?8

u
^\

^\

^
j^\

pi.

amtd', beasts of burden, &c., of itJa/* matiyya-t pi. of mat-an, matd, and jW matw,
;

eW

imldj,

imidja-t, sucking.
salts,

C^^ amldh,
milh some,
;

q.v.

imtdr, causing to
;

amtdr, rains,

pi. of

^ matar
'i

of malih, handfine, good, &c.


&c., pi.
pi.

of

f-rJL*

rain.

(5^^) amma', stupid, dull

immil',

imma'-t,

weak of character
opinion
;

and without

immilds, escaping rescued; vii. of (tr-l^) twilight of the morning. j!U\ imldq, poverty.
,

(joW

being
imlds,

parasite become stupid, &c.


;

own

of
x.

one's

v.,

be or

^"M amlVc, goods, riches, &c.,


of

udU
imldl,

milk,

mulk
;

pi.

imldJc,

'<*A

am'd', intestines, bowels, pi. of I,;** ma'y, mi'an.


(amil'iq),

JW
^\

giving in marriage.
dictation

annoying
;

annoyance.
amlaj, yellow, desert; poor.
,

(j^^
ij^xA

am'dq, (J.cW amd'iq pi. borders of the desert.

fading

bare

hn'ihi,

guarding

carefully

looking intently.

^"^

am'at, f. ma'td', pi. lu'ut, hairless (wolf) bare (ground)


; ;

thief.

t^*^\

am'ttz, pi. amd'iz, goat; troop of gazelles.

amd'h,

amlah, f. malhu' spotted black white steelblue-eyed coloured (f. troop of armed men seen from a distance) white (with snow, hoar frost) handsomer, &c., comp. of f-sl" malih. ^'^ amlad, f. maldd', tender,

^\

and

v>*^

amq,

umq,

pi.

dmdq, inner
of

corner of the eye. \^\ amhd', burrows


foxes, pi. of

hares

or

supple, flexible umlud, o'i umluddn, ^^\ timluddniyy, same meaning.


;

^^

mahw.
;

y\^\

imlcdn,

possibility

^M
(^

im-

amlaz, insincere. er-^^ amlas, f. ma?((, smooth

short-

^tmij/y, possible;

himlinniyija-t,

haired

without knots

possibility.

j^\

amlcar,

more cunning.
places, dwellings,

down easily (wine) ; tion, toilsome ; see \~^


short-haired
;

flowing by opposi;
.

li^>^\

amki'im-t,

&o., pi. of

Q}^ mahhi.

ij^^ (imluf, smooth and slippery;


bald.

(J^^)

ami, impe, amul, inf. amdla-t, hope for 11. inf. have an oval face cause to ta'mil, hope greatly V. inf. ta'ammul, look hope ; long and attentively meditate think of ((^ mill)

amal,
;

tr,

inf.

^^
^^^

amJaij, lascivious (speech).


ajiilal-,

who

or

what posbinds

sesses most, holds fastest, strongest.

^>^\

(umlilt), pi.

c:,^JU\

amdlH.

J^\

pi. amal, pi. dmdl, hope anil, imJ, hope; thoughts; mnul, sand-hills, pi. of J.\

amU;

swift camels. ^^\ innhUa-f, pi. amdlih, wit, elegance. >iJ^^ umh'il-, pi. possessors kings of Hiniyar.
;

amala-f,
;

iinla-t,

hope

amihi-f,

pi.

defenders

eUl-\ imlijdj, ])ushing teeth.

tears,

i^\

?'iii/;d=AU\

amlad

= ^j-^\^\

lamentations.
amid', quantities which fill up, pi. of '^ miihV, mil'; imhV, pi. amdl-iii, amdlt, dicta-

Ac,

bare desert. yo4^^ imlis, swift, speedy.


imlia,
I*^\

orthography writing completing. filling up


tion,
;
;

amam, in moderate distance; small, unimportant middle vmam, nations, Ac, pi. of
;
;

umiua-i.

;; ;

(^\
((^\) aman, trust (^^J^ 'ala) amin, a, inf. amm, amdn, aman, amana-t, imn, be safe, fearless consider one's self (y-* wiiw) safe repair to {^J\ ila) for protection trust a person (ace.)
; ; ; ;

79

o-^
uuW*^ ummahdt, mothers, Ac, pi. of (t\ umm. proJW^\ imhdl, delay, respite longation prorogation. g8^\ umhvj, t)V^,g\ umhujdn, thin (of a liquid) 'i^^\ amhida-t, beds, &c., pi. of
; ;

with anything

II.,

(^^J^ 'ala, -r> hi) VIII., X. confide in (ace.)


; ;

trust with II. say " Amen " IV. believe a person ; believe in God, accept His law ; trust trust with ; encourage, afford security, protect against {t_^
'ala, (j^

JVfl^

^\
ij^\

mihdd. amhar, more


nidhir.

clever,

comp. of

ysiVrf

umhud, hole in the ground,


u, inf. imd,'

pit.

{y\) aind,

mew

amd

min)
li)
;

to

(J

show submission
V.
;

and
II.

f_^\

ami,

}A

amii, inf. U)iiuw-

upon

{^Js^

'ala)

entirely
x.,
ii.

rely

wa-t,

become a (female)

slave
;

ask

for protection.

(^\ amn, aman, security, safety amin, trustworthiness, fidelity aman, seeking security safe what is best dmin, safe of inf. trustworthy imn, amn-in, see ^y^A amni (l^\) amana-t, trustworthiness, also amina-t, iimana-t, fidelity faithful, trustworthy dmina-t,
;

v., a (female) slave X. buy a (female) slave amv:a-t-=^i^\ ama-t, female slave. ijiAyA amaivdt, female slaves, pi. of
; ii

make

&A ama-t; amwdt, dead bodies, inait, mayyit Ac, pi. of


;

ancestors.
s\j<*\

amwdj,
amivdl,

waves,
riches,

pi.

of

sy

ii

mauj.

J\^^

possessions,

person.
U/\

&c., pi. of J^-* mdl. (^\y\ amwdn, &c., female slaves, pi.
ii\y\

amnd', pi. of Vx* inan-nu, ma iid, weight of about two pounds umand, pi. of t)^ amin, faith;

of i-A ama-t. amwdh, waters, pi. of

imtvdh,
Ac,
q.v.
aini'ir,

U md' having much water

ful, &c., q.v.

^U\ amndn, pi. of of two pounds


;

y^ mann, weight
imndn, weaken-

raining heavily, iv. of (*y*). uLijA umiU, pi. of ct^'\ amt, uneven,
)4rf\

ing, IV. of ((^). gi\ amna', inaccessible,

commanding;
amr, thing,

umitr,
&c.

impreg-

pi. of j"^
^_y>y\

affair,

nable.

f^\ amni,
sire,

pi.

of

^ man-an, mand,
;

inuweight of two pounds niyya-t, pi. nmdn-in, amdn'i, de-

fancy.

dmus, yesterdays, pi. of fj~A ams. &rfy\ umiuiia-t, maternity, motherhood. (^y\ amiin, pi. umun, trustworthy. ijA amwah, better provided with
water.

(&\)

u, inf. amh, promise by contract, stipulate prescribe recommend pass, be mad, foolamih, a, inf. amah, forish have an avow, confess get

amah,

eruption

madden;

(of
v.

the

skin)

ii.

make a compact;
;

^^yA amawiyy, referring or belonging to a female slave. l>,yA amuya-i, drink, beverage river Oxus. ^\ ami, female slaves, pi. of iA ummdyy, motherly, ama-t
;

take for a wife. &4t\ amah, oblivion the created i zimmaha-t, mother. things
;

maternal; uncultivated, uneduidle idiot cated, ignorant


;

uma]iya-t, little (female) slave

; ; ; ; , ; ,

80
U\

the family JJmayya-t ummiyya-t, maternity, motherhood.


;

\i\

out

= i^ 'ann, appear, be visible

jtA

amir,

pi.
;

umarcV,

y>.j.-^*!\ Emir yuA amiru-'l-mihnmin-a, commander of the faithful, Caliph ja!\ ^\ amiru-'l-bahr-i, admiral yt^A )^\ amir ahor, mir ahor, equerry X^^ y~A amir sil<1h, arm-bearer of the king amlra-t, princess, amiriyij, princely; mistress abbreviated ijt^ m iriyy, fisc public exchequer. yuA amyaz, more or most distinguished. amil, pi. umul, sand-mountain J-'*^ a mile broad and a day's journey long amyal, inclined. gls^^ umailih, very pretty. mother, umaima-t, little &*i.*\

prince,

leader,

V. be pleased with anything (ace). innd, see under y^ and, I; wherever ? annd ^J\ anna,
II.,

where

how

an-an,
;

highest

degree,

inan, completion,
;

^
is

and', time ripeness, maturity ripeness, maturity; completion; ind', pi. dniya-t, hindrance
;

pi. pi. (j^;\

vessel;

awdn-in, ijV dnd', proper

'.'-'"'

&c., pi. of ij^

anan
delay
;

expectation

times, andt, patience


'
;

modesty
tution
;

awkward woman.

^\i\ and}), jujube;

?7i6,

substi-

repentance, &c., iv. of


sergeants,
jil.

(vy).
i-iwV>\

andhitia-i,

of

mother
;^*/\

dear.

^j>\^\ on-bdsi (Turk.). *^53U\ andbib, knots in a cane, &c.,


pi.

amin, pi. umaiiiV, faithful miniconfident trustworthy ster safe, secure proper name amin, amin, be it so Amen
;
;

^G\

of vj^j^ amhi'ib, q.v. andbir, magazines, itc, pi. of

oflBcial,

prefect.

jLi^ ambdr. ^^\j\ andbis, torn out (roots or trees), pi. of J^y^^ ambus.
uL,'^\

i*\

amyah, better j)roTided with


;

inds,

(_5^\

andsa,

women,

pi.

water. an, that, lest y\ ^^\ ila an, (^\ until; t)^ ij^ 'ala an, under condition that, providing that y\ Ui lammd an, after also for y^^ ha-an, as if, aS y\ an7ia
; :

of ,_jiJ\ /((. ^\i\ andjir, anchors, &c., pi. of fr\ anjar. roofs, pi. of ;W=^ P^\j\ andjir, anjdr. J-=-l>\ andjiJ, gospels, pi. of Je=^^
avjii.
_)JU\

li-an,

in lam,

in, if; because; ^ o^ unless except if not an, pi. m=U mii, not
;

; ;

ihvdn,

time,
at
;

moment
;

pi.

anddir, threshing-floors, &c., of j-^^ andai-, q.v.


indra-t, enlightening, illumin-

dn-in, see present anna, that, because, dni ^_5>\ since o^ i^ '^^ anna, so that

now,

al-un,

jojU^ anddid, pi. scattered persons.


S)U\

ing.
fj^\i\

li-anna, for, since j\ y^ whether. .or; inna,(^'^fa-inna, ii\ inna-hu, iJ^ fa-iniia-hu, truly
(jS
; . .
.

dnds
pi.

ands,

men, pi. of y^>\ insdn; and i,;-^^ andfiyy, men,


pi.

&c., pi. of (_sj\ iusiyy, q.v.


*.\i\

indeed, certainly
^yj\

with sulfixes inna-ni, ^J\ inni, truly, I inna-hu, ^\ mwa, truly, we, &c.
;
:

andsim,
of

A~sU\

andsid, poetical recitals,

men, mankind. Ac,

6J^)

unsi'ida-t.

so

it

is;

ever, yet
;

dnna-t, sighing. sigh anin, tmdn, ((j^) ann, I, inf. ann, inf. n?i/(, pomto' ;w, groan;

inna-md, howyes; anna-f, only that


;

^jB\i\

andf-in, ,j-=Vj\ andsi, the select parts, &c., pi. of

most
isa

nasiyya-t. f\i\ andfib, pi. road-

or

land*

marks.

.; ;;

;; ;

\i\

81
Anatolia,

<^\
I=\

(ji^^^

anil tali,

Asia
nizdm,

J\

inibisdt, joy,

gladness

recre-

Minor.
^stU^
anitztm, pi. of f^ constitution, &c., q.v.

ation; iinreserve. "^^ imbi'ds, sending, mission. J.tj\ ambal, a better arrow-shooter

fr*^'^^

pi.
~i^\

and'hn, herds of cattle, &c., of f^ na'am.


dni1f,

more clever. v"^^ anibilb, amhuba-t,


;

pi.

andbib,

noses, &c., pi. of

<-AJ\

anf.

knot in a cane, part of a cane between two knots pipe, tube


;

gj^\ andjih, stomaclis of sheep or goats, <fcc., pi. of ^aJiJ\ infaha-t.


;_s*^^

flute.

undfiyy, having a large nose.


pi. of

{J^^\ andfid, leaves beaten from


the trees for food,
unfuda-t.
&*^\ andqa-t, indqa-t, beauty,
^i^^

&-i^l

umhus, f)l. andbis, torn out root or tree. ambiyd', prophets, &c., pi. of 1^ nabiyy. (3*^^ ambiq, csW^ ambik, alembic.
\J'>}^\

W^

(ctj\) anat,
;

i,

inf. anit, groan, sigh

giving, bestowing causing to attain. andm, dndni, pi. men, mankind I^^ created beings.
indla-t,
i}^^^

envy determine the quantity, measure be blunt.


;

ct^\ anta,
;

f.

anti, thou.

e^\

andmil, fingers, &c., pi. of *Uj^ anmula-t. 0^^ undn, sighing, groaning anndn, who sighs frequently,
;

birth
t)V.sj^

of

the time of giving producing as a consequence drawing an inference.


intdj,
; ;

intdn, stench. iV^\ iniibdh, awakening

^^j^^

andniyya-t, egotism, gance. ^TT^^^ andyih, canine teeth,


T>^

arropi.

attention
^\S^\

vigilance circumspection.
;

intisdr,
;

persed
i_>Va-sj\

ndh.

(s-jl) II.

annab, scold, treat roughly

ij-Va,;u^

being scattered, disfalling of the leaves. intijdb, choice, election. intijds, soiling, polluting.

repel.
W>^ anihd',

w>Ur^\ intihdb, lamentation.

W naha'
;

nabiyy giving intelligence.

imbd', communicating,
;

news, tidings, Ac, pi. of prophets, pi. of ^_Jfi

j^aa^^ intihdr, suicide.

JWi\
^:&^\

intihdl, plagiarism, literary

theft.
intihd',

haughtiness

(m.)

j^\ anibdr,
granary
i_s^WM
;

pi. andbir,

magazine

defiance.
k_>U,-jl intihdb,
;

deck of a ship (Pers.).


pi.

choice; high calling;

on-hdsi,

andbis'a-t,

ser-

tW*^ ambdt, the


>T-j\

geant (Turk.). Nabatheans.


unibub:^'~>^\ umbiib.
break, cut.

selection predestination. yoV^iij^ intihds, dwindling away. intihdl, filtering, percolatJ^a^sj\


ing.
\juj\

uuUi.j\ imbitdt,
ksjVa-j^

ambajdt, pi. jams ; sweet medicines. cruel ^>\ ambah, rough, hard impure (colour) heaped up f nabhd', pi. ndbdha, heap of earth. yVisJ^ ambahdn, dough of bad
; ; ;

iniicW, appointment; interrendezvous. w>\juj\ intiddh, call, calling upon, summoning invitation ; giving

view

the preference. ^^\ intizdr, vow.


\-y!i\

intizd',

wish, desire.

flour.
iX)i\

ambiza-t, wine.

pi.

of

i^

nabiz,

y~*i\

ambas, severe.

putting off; pulling (m.) being taking away spoiled (engine, watch). being forgotten L-ja\ intisd',
g\ji>\

intizd',
;

out

11

^\
retreat,

82
to

-i\

migrating

other

fall
g\a:i\

abolition

(m.)

being

pastures.
>_jU_sj\ intisdb,

copied.

genealogy

derivation of descent, reference.

intiqd',

by a
J^a;a\

fluid

solution, dissolving maceration.

jL^^

intisdh,

being copied

being

intiqdl,
;

abolished, annulled, effaced. jU~x\ mi(S((r, reopening of a wound; being torn to pieces.
\'i-:ti\

tion

death
;

copied Holy Virgin.


jV;i\

emigrabeing (m.) assumption of the

removal;

transport

intisa

beginning

growing

intiqdm, revenge
intiqdh, recovery.
intikd', receiving
;

vindictlve-

smelling.
SjUi;;i\

ness.
VSij\

of,
^\.i^\

intisdb, being taken hold taken prisoner being impli;

^^\

payment

of

cated.
intisiir,
;

a debt
;

(m.) violent rage.

ing
wjU;;j\

spreading divulging; yUj.S\


intisdb,
;

publish-

y-^^\ intihds, turning upside-down


relapse.
<_*!\s>\

_jUuji\ inti-

sdru-'l-imdn-i, propaganda.

intildf,

ruin,

j)erdition, de-

planted, being pronouncing a word raised sub(accusative, with fatha

struction.
V*Ji\ antum, you antumd, both of you. U^\ intinuV, being related with, claiming relationship with. W^\ intihii', end, termination, the

I>^\

junctive).
cllxj\ intisdh,

accepting an advice.
victory
;

^Uxj^

intisdr,

triumph

revenge.
,^\.<^\

last.

intisdf,

equity

claiming or

k_>V9^\

intiJidb,

jilundering, pillag-

obtaining justice.
cUsi^ intiddh, sprinkling; baptism.
jUiSj\

ing, spoil.

intizdr,

waiting for, expectaorder


;

j\^\ intihdr, driving away with scolding scolding, reproach bleeding diarrhoea.
;
; ;

tion.
j.Us;a\

iniizdm,
inti'df,

arrange-

jW=a\ intihdz,
fc_)Uxj\

ment.
vijU;^^

watching and seizing an ojjportunity.


intiydb,
;

qualification

by an

attribute.

JiUii\ inti'ds, revival. JU;;}^ i)iti'dl, being shoed.


^Jixi\

(one's) succession. ^Vs^^ intiyds, touching, feeling or seizing with the hand.
;

concerning
;

turn

repetition

intifd',

banishment

ruin

oW^^
;

intiydq, choice, election.

(ij-o\)

destruction.
t\i^\
ji.Vtts3\

intifdh,
intifds,

being or becoming
standing on end (of

into

anus, be soft ii. the feminine gender


; ;

put
;

feminate

inflated; pride; swelling.

ef-

II.,

V.

flatter

or
;

the hair), ruffling (feathers) (m.) being swollen. deriving a profit; intifd', l\k;i\

^ij\

caress in the fashion of

women
;

IV. bring forth a female be feminine flatter or caress.


;
;

v.

^i^^ dnis, soft, delicate

advantage.

Mwws, women,
;

feminine

pi.

of

^\
;

unsa.

U^\

intiqd', choice, election.

^^Aii\ intiqdb, veiling.


JUxi^ iiiUqd:, rescue, delivery. de^_^UsA intiqds, diminution loss of one's crease ; decay
; ;

insd', abuse, invective. gUi\ insd', vomiting bleeding. weakf,\^\ insiiudm, recovery ness melting (n.), consuming
;

o^^ unsa,

pi.

nniis, inds,
;

andsd,

honour. ^\a^\ intiqdd, overthrow

woman
;

female

down-

inanimate ob-

ject.


i\

;; ;

;;

83

^\

(e*^) anaj,

i,

enter.
;

W^

inja,

rescue
pi.

salvation

de-

livery.

jU=s\ injimdd, freezing, curdling, congelation. injimd', assembling, as-

gW^

vW^^ anjdb,

of s-^^ najih, of noble descent, injcib, &c. being noble, higb-minded, generous begetting an excellent son.
;

sembly.

e^\

anjilj,

aloe-wood.

tS)^!r^ aiijilriyy,

^)'^\ anji'ik,

from Angora. marjoram.


gospel
; ;

%===\ anjuya-t, anchovy.

cW^^ injdh, succeeding ; accomplishing. jW*^ anjdd, helps, victories, pi. of ^ najd injdd, assistance.
;

Ja^^

anjil, pi. andjil,

^^

anjiliyy, evangelical

evangelist.

jM^

^W^ anjiya-t, pi. of who has knowledge


;

^j^* najiyy, of a thing,

injdr, roof.
;

jW^^ injdz,

despatching keeping a promise.

fulfilling

y-V^
&c.,
<-*W^\
f>W-^

anjds, pi. of {j^^ najs, najis,

impure, polluted;
;

injds,

accessory mystery. anah, i, inf. anh, unilh, anih, breathe heavily sigh. dnih, ^5^ pi. imnah, breathing heavily sighing ; miserly, ava(c'^)
; ;

polluting

desecration.
;

ricious.
'^=A

anjdf, pi. threshold lintel. anjdm, heavenly bodies, stars,


;

^=F najni apparition. jW\ injibdr, setting a broken bone. <4;W\ injibdriyy, of small means or talents (m.). iiijak, more successful, comp. najih. of 2^^ Tiajih and ^\i=^ injizdb, attraction allurement inclination affection. a fr\ anjar, pi. andjir, anchor s anjura-t, nettle flat dish ;
&c., pi. of
rise,

injdm,

anhd', sides, directions, tendencies, purposes, &c., pi. of

f=^
^^=^\

nahw,
;

q.v.

inhiddr, descending, alighting the rolling of a ship.


inhirdf, inclination, declina;

i-\;!='^

tion (astron.)

deflexion

change

^\

distemper.
jl.as'^

^^
;

inhisdr,

being

besieged,

blockaded.
L\,!s=;\

inhitdt, descending.

w2=^\
<.Js=^
Jli=^\

anhaf,
nahif.
inhildl,
;

thinner,
;

comp.

of

(Pers.).
j^}^\

injirdr, extension wearisomeness, ennui, anjas, very dirty, impure, (j-v\


;

extent

g==*\

more polluted. anja', more salutary, comp. of


59==^ naji'.

solution chemical unbinding. U=;\ inhind', bending, inflection bow, obeisance. '-r-i=>\ anhab, more timorous. anha', more contemptible. analysis

^\

\isf\

inhifd',

hiding,

concealing

^}\Ji=r\

injifdl,

emigration,

disap-

pearance.
J==*\

anjal, f. najkV, pi. nujl, nijdl, with large well-split eyes causing a large v?ound broad spa;

one's self. in the ^\ai^\ inhifdd, putting oblique case, pronouncing with
Tcasra-t.

iaiA

anhifa-t,
inhild',
;

boots,

pi.

of

i-*^"

cious.

nihdf.

^\

injild',

appearance
;

splendour

^^\'

being removed
;

up-

^\

disappearance. anjam, having a spot on the anjum, heaforehead (horse) venly bodies, &c., pi. of ^t
revelation
;

rooting

abdication tion of the joints.

(m.) relaxa-

,^\^s)\ inhinds, flexibility.


j>>\

anadd,

who

flies,

escapes

more

najm.

frequently.

; ;

84
(j~j^

; ;

^\
\'Ai^

andd', humidities, &c.,

pi.

of

O'^ nad-Mi, nada, ^\'^\ anddd, antitypes,


parts, &c.,
t^.'^\
t'^>^
1)1.

counter;

of

Jj

nidd, q.v.

familiar intercourse with be be accustomed to social, polite; iv. inf. hids, see render familiar, social

have

(ace),

indild, dispersing, separating.

perceive,

contemplate

know,
;

indihdg, being tanned. midah, stupid who does not


;

talk.

^^\

andar,
;

pi.

unddir, threshing-

melody accompanying the threshing of corn, &c. heap of corn name of a town in Syria
floor
;

learn ; feel, experience, hear (m.) cheer by society, entertain pleasantly v. inf. ta'annus, become familiar, accustomed (sj hi); be social; grow tame; become
;

acquainted

X. INF. isti'nds,

rarer,

rarest,

comp.

of

^-^^i

familiar,
social,

become man (God) become social, be tame, accustomed


; ;

nddir.
ij^\jM\

indirds,

obliteration, eras-

ing.
0})'^^
tsjJj^

andarfm, young folks. andariyy, thick rope


indi'd',

from

beconverse familiarly come aware of the presence of man (wild beast) see accurately, regard attentively inquire ask permission.
; ; ; ;

Andar.
VcA>\

(j~n anas, pi. dnds, familiar, joined

accepting an invita-

tion.

gUjj\

indifd',

being refused,
being interred.
;

re-

pelled.
(jVejj\ iiidifdn,

in friendship society of people living together mankind intercourse ins, mankind man in his social state, a social person
; ;

JSaj\ indildl, being led, guided.

andalus, Spain ^^ andalusiyy, Spain, Spanish. ff^\ andam, more or most repenting. JUjo\ indimdl, scarification suppuration. carrying ^^^\ anda, more liberal * oHcZij/a-i, humidities, farther; pi. &c., pi. of v^Jj nad-an, nada of i^^ nadiyy, humid, fresh, &c. i-i^Jj^ andiia-t, lace, galloon (m.). ^ii\ inzdr, warning, admonition
ij-J-iJ^
;

companion; friend; of (j-y\ anils, tame


life,

; uns, social sociability; familiarity, affa;

^j^

bility, politeness familiar, dearer


;

more more cheerful

dims,

unus,

pi.

dnisa-t,

f.

compatible; good-

natured.
ansa', nerves or sinews of the hips, &c., pi. of nas-an,
;

nasa
_>L-j\

insd',

prolongation,
&c.,
pi.

respite.

s(j\~i\

>

ansdb, origins, nasab.


insdn,
(jV~>\
pi.

of

hint.

unds,
pi.

nds,

man
;

^\y\ inzdl, divine revelation.

jSy^

inzildq, gliding, slipping.

gyl anza', bald on the temples. S^j>\ inzi'dj, agitation, emotion,


fear.

the andsiyy) human shadow; flesh of the finger-tips; summit, elevation; unsown land i insdna-t, wo((:^s*5^

insdnu-'l-'ain-i,

pupil of the eye,

being separated. J^^y\ inziwdl, ((jj^) anis, A, INF. anas, anasa-t

anas, inf.
;

man (^ iiisdniyy, human h insdniyya-t, human nature


;

ans, uns,

be accus(^J\

tomed, become familiar with


ila)
;

hunianity humaneness banity politeness.


;

ur-

have familiar intercourse ii. inf. ta'nU, with (s-> hi) accustom (a.), render familiar;

tame;

see;

v~~J^ ansah, fitter, more appropriate more convenient, agreeable f. nashd', a very near
; ;

iii,

inf. mu'dnasa-t,

female relative.

;;


^\

; ;

u-^\

85
nasih,

W~j\ ansibd', pi. of >-r-->~J related by blood, &c.


ts)U-_i\ insibuJc,

melting

(n.).

J^,a<~>\ insihdl,

5^x~i^ insiddj, lying or face.


j;\x-j\ insiddh,

richness of style. on one's belly

lying on the back. oU~J\ insiddd, being locked, shut,


sto{)ped. j\j-j\
>_j^iLj^

)^\ atisar, uncircumcised. C^j-"^ insirdh, clearness openness ; open declaration. )\y^\ inslrdr, jiacking up. ^\]^\ imirdf, departure; leave; declension and conjugation. 5^^ ansa', purer. -^^^ ansaf, more equitable juster.
; ;

c!^-=^

insildh, reconciliation
;

pacifi-

insirdq,
iksihdh,

weakness

of

the
spilt,

cation
(t/'^)

emendation.
r,

limbs.

gV-sj\ insiydcj,

being shed,

poured out. zX^\ insildh, being skinned, flayed endiog of the month.
u~>^
insiyy,
;

pi.

ilnds,

andsiyy,

man

what is turned towards man, the inner side any double member.
;

^^

insd',

creating,

composing a
;

letter,
;

ing diction (book).

inventing &c. wordletter - writer


; ;

fashioning. inf. anul, be foul, corrupt (meat); anud, inf. andda-t, be badly done (in cooking), be half raw; iv. underdo (the meat). ij^\ anadd, less leaner, comp. of (j4*-= nadtd very rich anidda-t, pi. of ^i-i~a> nadida-i, little rain, thirst, &c. '^\ andd', pi. of yii nidw, emaciated and weak, &c. ; indd', emaciating and weakening.

anad,

olij\ insdd, recital, recitation. jUi^ tnsdr, resuscitation of the dead. j_j}Uj\ msd'iyy, productive referring to the wording. cijU/ij\ insitdt, dispersion, separa;

gUii^

i7iddj,

digestion

over-cook-

ing.

tion.
j;\yii\

insirdh,

gladness, cheerful-

ness.

anddd, carpets placed one on the top of the other, &c., pi. of i-ij nadad, q.v. }^\ andar, beautiful and splendid more splendid purest gold or silver; andur, pi. of j-aJ nadr, gold, silver greening, bloomjUaj\

w>\*^\ insi'db, splitting, ramification, ^jUaj\ insiqdq,

ing.
\j^\

being divided,
pi.

split

schism.
6jyio\

unmda-t,
;

andstd, poetical

being slaughtered, dying off. ^\*ji\ indimdm, uniting, conjunction meeting addition colindird',
;

killed

recital poem, hymn. 6^jAS\ unmta-t, noose.

lection coercing. i^\ andiya-t, pi. of


;

i_^

nadiyy,

^\
j^\

ansa', the

most
;

select

parts,

ui:\m>\

&c., pi. of *<-=> nasiyya-t. insdt, silence listening.

arrow without head or feathers. ^\ anatt, f. nattd', pi. nutut, long


far distant.

ansdr, helpers,
_;-=

Ac,

pi. of

;-<=^

^Ub\
jUa^
gVJaj\

ndsir,
W-oj\

nasir.

intibdh,

antdkiyy, from Antioch. being cooked.


intibd',

,_jLa^ insaf,

ansibd',

Ac,
^jlj-oj\

equity, justice. ^^\ ansiba-t, portions, pi. of s-^ nasib.

being

sealed,
;

pressed, printed upon obedience.


^3LLj\

imtameness,
;

insibdb, being poured out flowing into the sea; running,

intibdq,

accordance

con-

formity.

careering.

g\^\

insibdg, being

dyed baptism.
;

uy\ intifd', going out.

being

extinguished,

; ; ;

]ii\

86
divorce;

i_aj\

i3'ii=i\

intildq,

dismissal;

-J^

anfa-t,
i,

beginning

omen'

going away.

fore-token.
inf. anf, hit on the up to the nose (water) come to untouched pasture-ground; anif, A., inf.

*^1
ly='l

antila-i, pi. calamities. intiwiV, folding up.

anaf, u,
;

nose

reach
;

g^J'\ intiijiV,

obedience.
;

f^^ inzdm, putting in order

com-

posing poetry. '^^^ anzima-t, constitutions, &c., pi. -of (^ nizdm. ^\*i\ in'ds, setting out setting to work. JUsl in'dl, putting on shoes shoeing (a horse).
; ;

in'dm, cattle, &c., pi. of na'am granting a in'dm, favour present, largess, benefit. E^;*'^ in'irdj, being bent, inflected,
fiXxi\
;

inclined.
Jljj\ in'izdl,

anaf, anafa-t, despise and refuse from high-mindedness or haughtiness have no appetite and feel nauseous ; have pain in the nose find anything troublesome and complain of it ; advance ; II., IV. lead the camels to fresh pastures cause one to despise a thing ii. sharpen IV. cause the nose to ache hasten reach up to the nose V. try and dismiss one thing
; ;

dismissal,

v*-'*'! in'isdh,

harshness; hardness;

severity.

m'itdf, being inclined, inverted, folded, bent. oU*j\ in'iqdd, being tied; contract, covenant curdling,
jjUaxil
;

after another viii. hurry arrive happen viii., x. begin, be the first to do a thing.
; ; ;

J^l

oU\ infld, dissipation. infh, performing a business, executing message piercing,


;

(j-^^^

in'ihls,
;

reflection

reversed reverberation re;

being

fraction
(>*^\

recoiling.

penetrating. ^\ju\ anfdr, persons, individuals, &c., pi. of fi nafur troop, &c., pi.
;

an'am, softer, more jjleasant an'um, prosperities, &c., pi. of nu'm. jL-}\ ingisdl, washing, ablution. j!Ujl ingildq, locking up.

of ytfii nafir. yUj\ anfds, breathings, &c., pi. of ij~ nafas anfds-an, in inter;

vals.

t^^

u-Uaj^ ingimds, diving, sinking. (_;i^*Ai\ ingimdd, wink, sign with the eyes.
IU*>\

(/', profiting; gaining; profitable,

being

ingimdm, sorrowing
ingiyd',
;

being
se-

(j^^ anfdn, supercilious, haughty. uuUii\ infitdt, being crumbled, broken into pieces.
cUa>\ infitd/i,
o'^'OtiJ^

covered.
W*'^

being deceived,

being wide open. anfajdniyy, inflated.

duced
tU*i^
(.^i\)

allured.

ia="\

infaha-t, infihha-t, pi. andfih,

(joUA)^ ingiydd,

sinking of the water.


rage, fury,
violent

ingiydz,

anger.

dnuf, dndf, anuf, a7if, pi. beak projection dnnf, nose begincape, promontory, peak >^ mdt-a hatf-a ning '^^
; ; ;
;

a goat or sheep; acid in the stomach heartburn. C"^ anfah, afilicted with a rupture of the testicles.
;

stomach of

O^a^l
\.Mi,\

infihdn,

unfuhdn,
;

^^

infi-

hdniijij,

fattened

battened.
piercing,

infuld',

being ransomed.

anfi-hi,
S

he died a natural death anafa-t, contempt, indig;

^\
S^yu^

anfa:,

more

more
rest
;

nation

sense

dnifa-t, first

of honour walking of children;


;

penetrating.
infii-dj,

recreation

pause.

;; , ; ;

U6\
i\jl6\

87

(3i\

infirdd,
;

singularity one's self.

being alone, single doing a thing by

g^\
uoVnj\

inqd', macerating, dissolving. inqds, diminution injury


;

offence.
ijiUi)^

i2\^\ infirdq, being separated. ij^\ anfas, more precious more exquisite; anfus, breaths of

inqdd, roaring
;

camel

cracking
;

of a young a whip, the

fingers, &c.
yoUii)\ inqibdd,

calling.
;

life, &c., pi.

of

(J~4

nafs.
;

5L~aj\ infisdh,
;

spaciousness recreation cheerfulness. i;La>\ infisdh, getting into disorder abolition of a contract or bargain abolition. oU-ii\ infisdd, corrupted state cor;
;

ment

preventing impedicontraction oppression


; ; ;

of the heart constipation. >&\ anqad, hedge-hog tortoise.

;W>^ inqiddr,

fate.

ruption.
jUiii^

infisdd, bleeding, letting of blood. JUij^ infisdl, separation, division

i^\ anqaz:='ii\ anqad, hedge-hog. yo\yi>\ inqirdd, lapse of time extinction of a dynasty. g\yu\ (m.) inqird', casting lots
;
;

itch,
(j-Sil

mange.
anqas, slave born in the anqus, pi. of (j~a> niqs,
;

termination final decision. fXaiu\ infisdm, being broken in two


;

house
ink.
|,L.-ai^

bursting.
gUai^ infiddh,
j\2cM\

infitdr,

ignominy. being split.


feasibility,
evil

JVxij^

infi'dl,
;

practic;

ableness

humour
(gram.).
(3a'\

impression

bad

inqisdm, being divided division discord. j\aB\ inqisdr, (m.) washing, bleaching. k_Jlaflj\ inqisdf, being broken; defeat,
; ;

^^ infi'dliyy, passive

flight.
Uiia^

inqidu',
;

end; fulfilment, com;

anfaq, more saleable. jUaj\ infiqdq, separation, division


split.

Z^\
|,\gi)\

infildj,

apoplexy.
flattening.

i'ija\ infildt,

infihdm, understanding. i^jii\ (unfuda-t), pi. andfid, beaten off leaves for food. (ijj^) aniq, inf. anaq, rejoice at (- like ; be agreeably sur6i) ; II. INF. ta'niq, astoprised ; IV. INF. indq, ntq, nish astonish eagerly long for V. INF. ta'annuq, devote ft) one's self assiduously to a thing perform a thing intelligently and well ; like rejoice in (i_s/0(3>.\ anaq, pleasure, admiration dnaq, aniq, beautiful, pleasing; more or most pleasant. Vb>\ anqd', heaps of sand, &c., pi. of \B naq-an, naqa pi. of naqy, marrow of the bones, &c. i>\&\ inqdz, rescue, setting at liberty
;

expiration of any term pletion death. or respite break g\,Wi>\ inqitCt', separation cessation. interruption end ^\ anqa', better quenching the anqu', pi. of J5J naq', thirst;
; ; ; ;

i anqi'a-t, stagnating water pi. of ^isi naqV, overflowing well scream. u\^\ inqitdf, being culled, plucked,
;

^^\

(^
;

crops, harvest. overinqildh, revolution throw ; vicissitude change sol-

gathered

stice.

^\
out
jVaii\

inqild',
;

being up-rooted, torn (m.) departure.

(_/>~!la>\

anqalts, eel.

succumbing, being bad huirritation compelled mour. unqur, notch of the datejfi\
inqihdr,
; ;

stone. &cy\ unqiVa-t, cavity or fat gathers.

where water

saving.

^\

anqa,

f.

naqwd', having thin


^3>^

; ; ;

iSi\

fingers naqiyy.

purer,
;

comp. of

^^

^&*i^ inmihd',
tjVjs*j\

being effaced, erased.


annihilation,
nainrd', pi.

inmihdk,
i.

de-

W^

anqiyiV, pi. of ^aj naqiyy, pure, clean, holy the Saints.


inqiijihl,

struction, ruin.

^\

anmar,

tiumr,

i\^\

submission

sub-

(jiaj^

missiveness; obedience. inqid, a perfume. (uii\) anak, inf. anJc, be large and stout feel be long, lengthy pain list, long for.
; ;
;

^'^ dnuJi, lead, tin.

spotted like a panther; dapplegrey horse. (j~*>\ anmas, f. namsd', dusky grey pi. nums, the birds qata. anmas, variegated, party{J~*^\ coloured. j^\ anmas, having thin hair
;

C^^ inMh,
marriage.
jVSj\

sexual

intercourse

downy

anmisa-t, pi. of i^UJ


inmila-t,

numdf, month.

iiiMr, denying; rejecting; disavowing; (^ inhlriyy, nega-

&Uj\ anmila-t,
pi.

unmula-t,

tive.

tip
;

and mil, anmuldt, the fleshy (m.) hand. of the finger


;

abhorring false gods praising the one God. ^'lSA inJcitar, name given by the Arabian historians to Richard Coeur de Lion. f^\ anla/i, given to sexual inter'-i\ii\

inkilf,

Ji^\ gj^\

inmihldl, leisure
nnmi'idaj,

delay.

sample,

pattern

(Pers.).

i^\ anma, more


{^V) anali,
1,

prospering.
uni'ih,

inf. anli,
;

anlh,

ankiha-t, dowries, nikdh. &c., pi. of i^\ ankad, not serviceable, useless,

course

'

breathe heavily

c^

envy
4j\

sigh,

groan

v.

show
^Jiil\

foolishness.
anJii
;

anli-in, see

wretched. jL-&^ inkisnr, being broken, rupdespondency ture contrition defeat bankruptcy. vjl~^\ being eclijase inkisitf, darkened, eclipsed. ^L!i.Si\ inkisdf, being unveiled, discovered, laid open. anka', having a red nose.
; ; ; ; ;

(y^ anna, q.v.,

anna-hu with pron. of the


; ;

3rd person), because, that perchance, peradventure since

how

why
;

inna-hu, certainly,
;

indeed
;

to

be sure

yes.

'^\ anJid', pi. of

nahy, rain-pit, inhd', bringing news, pond announcing, &e., iv. of (^),

^^

^\

q.v.

tijS\ij\

inkilds, superiority.

j^\

(_r-J,So\

aukdlis, eel.
iiikinids,

^Uio\
^i^\

anka,

who

hurry, haste. does more

mis-

chief. i^ii\ ankini-t, tobacco-pipe. ^j^tS6\ inkis, magic figure.


Ci\

anlidr, rivers, &c., pi. of nahr, nahar. (jcVaJ^ inhdcj, raising encouraging instigating; calling out. ^\:^\ uihiddm, destruction; ruin;
;

^
;

overthrow.

aiunn, creatures, created things.

j\

innamd, only; yet, however then, therefore since, because


;

j^\ anhar, bright, serene; anliiii; rivers, pi. of ;# nahr, nahar; days, pi. of jW nahdr.

inma, growingcertainly causing to grow; increasing, &>., animm(i\ pi. of IV. of (i^)
;

j\j^\ iiihizd-,

being shaken; waver-

ing.
f\ji>\ i/Jn':ii)iz,

being routed; defeat

flight.

nanim, slanderer, tell-tale. calumny. ^UU>\ anmdtiyy, seller of blankets,


ji.U>\ iiimns,

pillows, &c.

more given to biting; worse. fXi^\ inhiddm, digestion. '^%if'\ inhildk, self-destruction.
lAs'^ anhas,

5\

89
^j>\

\t>\

j^*aj\

inhimdz, marking with ham-

za-t.
cjlUeJ^

inhimdk, entirely devoting one's self to a thing zeal dili; ; ;

an-an, pi. diw', uniyy, the proper time highest degree the whole of the day any, mo; ;

gence. inhimdl, delaying neglecting being neglected raining gently but incessantly. anhi (&>\ anh-in), pi. of i^a ijSf\ nahy, rain-pit, pond. anhiyd, pi. of ^9 nahiyy, prudent, wise forbidden. jW^ inhiydr, downfall, overthrow. yUfii^ inhiydn, contempt (m.) in-

JW^

staidness iny, any, aniyy, ripe, mature; dni (t)^ dn-in), i. i boiling; overflowing mild, gentle, and patient anna, wherever, any-

desty,

night-time

where; where? how?

ii

dniya-t,

vessels, pi. of ^\ and'.

W^

s->W^ anydb, canine teeth, of >'^ ndh.


^rr'tA

Ac,

pi.

sult (offered). {f\) inw, pi. and, time


\f\ anwa', having stars, skilled in

night.

anyab, provided with canine a tusk, &c. ; anyub, canine teeth, pi. of v*^ ndb. "^\ anit, envied envy groaning.
teeth,

knowledge of the
astronomy.
pi. of

i.i-^\

anis, soft iron; luxuriant (pasture).

anisa-t,

^f\ anwdr,

fires, lights, &c.,

j^ ndr, )f nur.

anih, heavy breathing sighing. jiA anyar, brighter, clearer, more


;

^\

^f\ anwd',
gy nau'.
yi\y\

sorts, kinds,

<fcc.,

pi.

of

luminous.
i_r^>\

anis,

anwdq, she-camels, pi. of ^^ ndqa4. looms, &c., pi. J^)\ anwdl, gifts
;

familiar

(j4j\

cock

of equal disposition confidant ; companion


anis, anisa-t,
fire
;

anisa-t,

magpie

antsiyya-t,

of Jy naul, q.v. Cy^ aniih, breathing heavily sigh^itiiih, sighavaricious ing ing, INF. of (c^). ))>\ anwar, brighter, more shining, i anwira-t, more luminous fires, &c., pi. of J^ ndr. pi. unus, not y-y\ anus, fame s unugiven to biting (dog)
; ;

familiarity. anid, half raw or corrupted (meat) fright. pleasing, pretty a/iiq, (J.9\
;

anyuq,
ndqa-t.
I*ij\

she-camels,

pi.

of

^^

an1m, creatures, created things


f>^\

andm and f,^\ i^\ anin, sighing


A-j^ aniJi,
>>\

anam.

(s.).

sa-t,

human

society.

weak.

wiy\ anuf, chaste (woman) unitf, dnuf, noses, pi. of s-'^ anf. anilq, a carrion-kite; pelican; ,jf\

ah, ah-i, dh, dh-i,


dJia-f,

oh

alas

measles

lamentation.
ahha-t, ihha-t, be
;

(i\)

anwuq=>^\f^ anwdq.
anwah, stupid.
; ;

ahh, INF.

ahli,

grieved and sigh

ii., v.

same

e)y\

meaning.
v_j\a\

(u'^) ana,

i, inf. any, an-an, and', an, in, be opportune be or come be nearly ripe reach in time inf. iny, uniyy, boiling heat ani, a, inf. tarry, cause delay
;

ihdb, pi.
;

skin
j_j:j.U!>\

complexion

ahab, uhub, dhiba-t, raw leather. ;

ii. inan, not to be in a hurry iv. inf. tnd', tarry, hesitate v., x. treat a delay anybody; matter diligently and considertreat a person with paately tience wait patiently for.

ahdjiyy, satires, lampoons, of Jjqsfii'i uhjuivwa-t. w~iW ahddib, v^;^^^ ahddib, rainshowers in heavy drops, mountain masses, pi. of a*-^ hadba-t. ahdl, dhdl, pi. of Ja\ ahl, q.v. i ihdla-t, fat, grease; sheep with a fat tail (j ahdli, pi.
pi.

JW

of J*^ ahl, q.v.

12


\J1,\

; ; ;

90
a room form.
\^\
htiry.
(3^/>^

J*^
;

*r-s^U>\

ahdlib,
pi.

waj8,
ha-t.

kind, manners, of vybfc\ uhlub, ahhl-

good condition
granaries,
pi.

shape,
of
tSj*

ahrd',

Js^^^ ahdlll,

new moons,

&c., pi.

0^\

of JSU AiZ((7. ihdn, bunch of green dates; trunk of a tree ihdna-t, contempt; treachery.
;

ihrdq, pouring out, shedding.


pi.

(^^^

ahrdm, mid.

of

^;*'

haram, pyra-

uijyfc^

^^^

ahdiiid, pi. of J*^ hind,

Hin-

ahrat, oyfc\ ahrad, large mouth (lion).

having a

doo.
(>_-^\), II. alihah,

pared; ready;

get ready, be preV. INF. ta'ahhub, get prepare for war; equip

^-=*\

one's self. t-^^ ahab, uhub, skins, pi. of sj^fc^ ihdb 4 dhiba-t, skins, pi. of
;

f)^\a hza', only left, last. ahsd', strong valiant men. ^^<^\ ahda, troops of people. thin, lean l*-^\ ahdam, f. hadmd', having strong front teeth. Jt^\ ahtal, f. hatld', falling in
;

sjW
war
gear
;

iA((6

uhba-t,
;

pi.

-iiAafe,

material ammunition what is necessary.


f.

heavy drops. *^\ ah'ki'i', pi. perplexed people. i^jii&y iihkiJma-t, jest, mockery.
Jii^

W*^ ahbd', atoms,

of Wj6 hibd' ihbd', raising dust. ij^\ ahbira-f, lowlands, pi. of j-fii

pi.

habir.

^^

ahta',

3^jifc\

ihtizdz,

hump-backed. becoming agitated


tottering
;

ahl, pi. ahlihi, ahdl-in, ahdli, ahdl, dhdl, ahldt, ahah'd, family master of the house, tent house wife people, men, man al-ahdU inhabitants fit for vagabonds ad(m.) peasants
; ;
;

wavering,
rejoicing.
f^yJt^ ihfizdm.
|.U.xfii\

exulting,

haste

noise.

populated; family, race wealth;


venturers
; ;

ahil,
i

tame
;

dhiJ,

ahla-t, pi.

wife

ahhit,

ahila-t,

ahilla-t,

new moons,

pi.

ihtimdm, pi. -dt, zeal, diligence care, solicitude. ;^^ ahjar, longer and thicker
;

(JJ!>\)

better f (speech).
;

Jiajrd',

unbecoming

I, u, INF. nhiil, take a wife ahil, A, inf. ahal, become familiar with ('^ bi) become accustomed to a place (ace.) ;
;

of ahal,

JU hildl.
;

iij^ar*^ uhji'ira-t,
ii^a5i>\

habit, custom. uhjutmva-t, i-j&A\ vhjii/ija-f, pi. ahdjiyy, satire, lamjjoon.

INF. ta^hil, welcome deem fit for or worthy of (J li) iv. INF. i'h'il, same meaning; make
II.
; ;

5r>a!*>^ ihjij,

deep valley.
iVy'/fi?',

one

master
;

and

family

give

^jyir^'^ihjira, ^;*a-&^

custom,

ta'ahhul, viii.
;

father of a a wife v. ixf. inf. i'tihiil, take a


;

habit. A&\ ahadd, cowardly.


^jjk\

giving for a present conducting in the right way. v>>wi^ ahdab, with long eye-lashes with long branches. Jja\ ahdal, f. hadld', flabby. ^^^Jl:\ ahda, better guide.
;

ahda', offering

hump-backed

ihdd',
;

wife V. be worthy of (J li) X. INF. isti'hiil, deem worthy take the fat for one's self.
;

'i^\

ahl-aii, welcome! !i*8- ^ 5U\ ahlan wa sahl-an, be welcome and at your ease.

^^B>\

ihldk, annihilation

destruc-

tion.

JU\

ihhU, beginning of the lunar


; ;

(.rJ^jJ*^

ihzdb, swiftness.
;

(y*\) ahar, coll., noun of unity ahara-t, pi. ahardt, furniture of

month

(m.) exordium shouting of pilgrims or of those who perceive the new moon.

; ;;

;
:

J*^
't-Ia^

91

V
hain, easy to be &c.
i^^*'^

ahlab,

f.

and,

by
;

halbrV, hairy, bristly, opposition, hairless,


;

done or borne,

plucked

rainy
;

very

fertile.

wj^\

uhlub, i uhlilha-t, pi. ah'dih, kind, species manner, way of doing a thing. J^\ uhlul, vain vanities. iJM ahliyy, tame, domesticated
;

* accustomed to a place ahliyya-t, being fit for skill ability sociability reduty
;
;

lationship
wife.
gL;la\ iJiUlij,
I*^\

possession

(m.)

ahiva, more wished for, more desirable dearer uhwiyya-t, deep valley atmosphere. (cs^O a^a, INF. ahy, laugh aloud. >-r-*>^ ahyah, more or veiy much revered. ^assftj*^ uhaijina-t, youths married to girls before either have attained to puberty. fiery. {j-'~sfi>\ ahyas, courageous
; ;

^s*>^

ahamm,
,

myrobalan tree. graver, more impor-

ahyag, plentiful, abundant al-ahyagdn, eating and drinking food and sexual enjoyment.
; ;

more distressing. Ujfc^ ahma worn out clothes, pi. of ihnid', wearing out. 1^ him'
tant,
;

--M'^ ahyaf, f. haifd', pi. hif, thin, slender not bulked out.
i3'ii>\

JUifc\

ihmdl, leaving in the lurch]; neglecting negligence. |,Ui.\ ahmdni, pi. of himm, decrepit ihmdm, grieving, causing sorrow. (^^\ i^\ dhan, iron (Pers.) JUJ^ dhinn-'l-mdl-i, hereditary property ready money.
;

ahyaq, long-necked. J**^ ahil, well populated


folks
;

uhail,

people. f haimd', pi. I^i'\ ahyam, dark him, wandering (diseased camel)
;

common

thirsty, languishing; pi. hiydm,

waterless desert. Us&^ ahyind', pi. of (j.** hayyin, hain, easy to be done or borne,
&c., q.v.
j\

ahna', slipping, sliding to and fro son of a high-born Arabian woman small. jJt\ dhn, gazelle (Pers.). Sf^ ahwd', passions, loves, desires, ihivu', &c., pi. of tsy* hawa; falling down, &c., iv. of (<j;^)
gifc\
;

q.v.
Jlysi\

ahwdl, terrors, &c.,

pi.

of J^fc

haul.
pi. huj, ahwaj, f. haiijd', precipitate fiery lengthy fool-hardy, rash violent. fleet i}Ji'\ ahwad, Monday. ^ji^^ ahwas, f. hausd', hausa, greedy voracious.

a-wa, interroau, or, unless aww, the conjunction gative )\ au (used as a substantive) S uwiva-t, pi. uivaw, aww, oh calamity. receiving hospitably, iv. of calamity, misfortune. auh, region, A,\ 'tvdh, pi. of aivwdb who returns &c., q.v.
;

^y

^^\

penitent. abida-t, >^^ pi. of disaster, calamity. ^yy^ awdhil, camels, pi. of J;^ ill,
to
i'>\}\

God;

aivabid,

ibil.
j.\^\

&cji!>\

ahwi'a-t,

pi.

of

i}^

haivd',

the
Jj!>\

month
;

S^*ii!^ j>i

zn-'l-qa'dat-i.

Jyi\ uhiU, taking a wife, inf. of ahwal, more or most ahal

awdhir, pi. of ;^^ dhira-t, end, extreme, termination (gram.). dhiyya-t, awdhi, pi. of t_^'^)^ need, distress ties. awddim, pi. of (^^ ddam. lo\j\

hA

formidable.
ly*^

Adam.
45J\j^

ahwam, having a large head.


; ;

awdzi.
ilr,
;

pi.

of

tS'i^

yy!>\

ahwan, easier, easiest; toilunimportant Monday. less


ahwind',
pi.

aziyy.^

^ ^^

\i)to\

of

e<* hayyin,

flame

iiwdr, pi lliWd, thirst

heat
;

ardour
south-

smoke

; ;

92
ts}

\,\

wind

^ awdr-in,

auhlri,

man-

Jj%^
Jj\ (^\)\

awd'il,

the
pi.

first,

&c., pi. of
d'in,

gers, stables, pi. of tsj\ try, ariy. Sy)\ awdrij, awdrija-t, journal, a diary, a memorandum - book

awwal.
awd'iii,
f.

of

ij^

quiet.
('-j)\)

(Pers.).
]i\}\

db, V, INF. aub,

iydb, auba-t,
;

awdz, time before the


pi.

spring

aiba-t, iba-t, iyydb,


;

equinox (Pers.)(>}^}\ awdzim, teeth,


ma-t.

of &^j\ dzi-

^\}\ awdsit, middles, &c., pi. of ^}\ ausat and l=-.j was it. iy^}^ awdsi, women who circumcise
girls,

&c.,

pi.

of

!i-~-\

dsiya-t,

q.v.
jr''\}\

awdsir,

wombs,

&c., pi. of if=\

dsira-t,
g-i^)^

aub, intend at night-time keep away INF. iydb, uyi'ib, set (sun) awib. A, INF. awab, be angry II. INF. ta'wib, fa' yib, retum; intonate again travel the whole day; ii., iii. (inf. mu'dwaba-t, walking in mu'waba-t), vie iv. inf. i'db (v^^), (camels); provoke to anger; v. inf. ta; ; ;

inf. return come to the water

awddih, moonlit nights (13th


;

'awivub,
fayiibh,

return

inf.

to 16th of the month) pi. of f^^ aiidah, more or most evident, clear, distinct.
^T^^\}\

come

to

ta'wwub, the water at


i'tdb, ittdh,

night-time; viii. inf.

same meaning
wj^^

return.
pi. repentance quick walking way, intention
; ;

at(;f(.h'6,leathembagsfor milk, &c., pi. of 'T^} ivatb, q.v.

ii\)\

awdq-in,

pi.

of i-ij^ shuttle.
pi.

^_^\}\ awdqi, pounds, uqiyya-t awdqiyy,


;

aub, return ; region custom, habit


divdb,
;
;

'~i^\^ awdlif,

road cloud wind quick walking return


; ;

S
;

auba-t,

coming
;

(female) companions,

homeward
tent
^}^
;

of i^\ dlifa-t. ^J'^)^ awdli, pi. of ^_^}^ !(?a., nearer, worthier, fitter, &c. pi. of pi. Jj^ airwal, first, best, &c. of J^ dl-'in, too weak, insufiicieut. utvdm, violent thirst heat I^j\ smoke giddiness sinew. f\}\ awdmir, pi. of y\ amr, order,
;

(m.) set of friends

pi. aiibiit, foot.

anhd\ catching diseases, plagues, &c., pi. of Wj waba', q.v.


pi.

\J^'^)^

J?

5^

aubds, rabble, populace, &c., of ijioj wabax. aubar, very hairy (camel).
auttdd,
q.v.

^^j\

pegs, &c., pi.


pi.

of

-Jjj

command.
(j\}\

watad,
)^)\

aivdn,
;

iivdn, pi. dwina-t, time,

season

dwinat-an
;

(a'inat-aii),

autdr, watar.
autal,

strings, &c.,
pi.

of /j

sometimes

i-'^j\
;

that time, then iwdn, pi. y^^ nn=^(j\yi\ uvdn, palace, &c., q.v.

awdtia^z-hi, at

J^^

uutul,

utul,

who
and

gorges himself with food


drink.
(^^}\

dwdn,
(^'\

dn;

; ;

times,

moments,

pi. of

^ tiwdni, vessels, vases,

f}\ aiisai;
ij^}\

pi.
*^^\

of ^\ huV. awivdh, who sighs frequently merciful learned in law secure,


;
;

pi. of yJ^ wasan. enmity. ansaq, i. iviisqa, trustworthy;

ansdn, idols,

certain
>^\}\

Abraham
!

prayer
pi.

E}^

firm, strong. auj, height, tion.


aiijd',
H'(y"a'.

summit, culmina&c., pi. of g=.j

uwu'dh, oh
atiliad.
yj^^j^

alas

gW^^
of A6j\
eW-;\

ailings,

ami hid, Mondays,

ujdq,
;

awiiwin, palaces, &c., pi. of

chimney
(Turk.).

fire-place; hearth; the corps of janissaries

y^y,^

iwdn, q.v.

; ;

93

; ;

E,\ Sj

Wi
i\'i)^

JW-j^ aujdl, fears,


pi.

tender feelings,

of J?.j wajl. s-^j^ aujab, more or most necessary. f>-}^ aujar, f. wajnV, very cautious timid, timorous i aujira-t, dens, &c., pi. of jW-j wajdr, wijdr.
;

J;
g-Jjt

auddd, friends, lovers, pi. of wadd, tcudd, widd. auda', with a white throat
;

(pigeon)

field-mouse
f.

shrew-

mouse.
ui)jj\

aiidah,

u-^p^ aujas, time.

little,

something

^jj\ uyUi
ties.
(jJj^

wadkd', sand-hill handt audak, calamisupple, flexible.


pi.

S^)^ auja', more painful. i}^}\ aujal, who is afraid of (y-* mift),
f>=s-^

audan,

soft,

k'i}\
'i\)

audiya-t, valleys, &c., wdd-in, is-i^} wddi.

of

aujam,

more

or

much
;

ex-

tended. y^j^ aujan, strong, firm al-aujan, strong rope. "i^-j^ aujah, more sightly, hand-

t^^ auzah, contemptible. (jj^) '''' U; !> have sexual intercourse with a woman ii. inflame, ignite x. be afraid
;

aujuh,
;

some

more esteemed
faces, &c., pi.

clearer
a^?-;

wajh,
;

i_^}\

having a sore hoof bundles of clothes, portmanteaus, pi. of W-^ wijd'.

auja, aujiya-t,

j^\

disperse in a plain hasten in the darkness be in violent anger prepare for a leap. aur, north-wind motion of the clouds; ih-, south-wind; pi. of
flee
; ;

and

)^^ awdr, heat, etc., q.v.

aivir,

E^)\ atchdj, loop-holes, holes,


4^="j wahja-t.

pi.

of

stony.
v3^_)j^

(iiirdq,

leaves,

&c., pi. of oj^

J^j^
i^}\

a2ihdl,

puddles, &c.,

pi.

of J-^

waraq,
'i'>j}\

q.v.

wahl.

auhad, pi. uhddn, wuhddn, unique, incomparable. (_5^j\ auha, happening sooner. (j/) dd, TJ, INF. aud, bend (a.) incline to one side (n.) return INF. aud, uwild, importune awid. A, INF. awad, grow crooked crouch ii. make crooked fold; make one's speech obscure V. grow crooked bend (n.) importune, mov., VI. lest VII., VIII. grow crooked

aurida-t, jugular veins, pi. of warid. ijj)\ awiras, auras, cypress. yijj\ auraq, i. warqd', pi. wurq, dark ashes rainless year milk grey f. with two parts of water warqd', pi. ij'\} wardqi, ivardqd, she-wolf dove. csSjj^ aurah, f warhd', havingfullhips.
ij;^
;
;

(jj^

bend
>j\

(n.).

molestation bother; crookedness, inf. of (J^^); awad, f. audd', crooked; awadd, dearer, more agreeable awidd, awudd, pi. of Jj wadd,

awad, hard work

blufE violent raining abundantly. awaz, computation. ( j^)) auz, fat jy iwazz, pi. iwazzun, goose dwarf mobile, agile. j\j^^ auzdr, heavy burdens, crimes,
6)j\
; ;
;

auram, people troop. aurah, f. warhV, stupid


;

sins, pi. of jjj wizr.


(^\j}\

s loidd, lover, friend auda-t, load, weight. \^^ audd', i. of J^\ awad, crooked; also auddt, h auddya-t, valleys, &c., pi. of J\^ wdd-in, i^J^^ wddi awiddd', lovers, friends, pi. of
;

wudd,

pi.
(^)}\

auzdn, weights, measures, &c., of 0jj wazn. auzan, weightier.


iivazza,

^Jjj^

waddling

(s.)

iwaz-

ziyy,

belonging or referring to a

goose.
{<J-}^)

J^Jj

wadid.

^^' ^' ^^^- *'**' *'^"*' present x. get retriwith, retribute bution, company, a present, help_
;


U')
aus, present loan opportunity wolf aus-an, in the stead of. cUj\ ausdh, impurities, &c., pi. of f^ wusah.
(j-j^
; ;

94
;

J^^ dq, V, INF. anq, be higher than; incline towards; bring misfortune upon (all with ^_^

(j}\)

'aid);
;

II.

INF. ta'fiq, vex, tor;

tL.j\

aiiscit,

middles, &c.,

pi. of 1=-^

ment bring into humble prevent


hiq,

difficulties
v.

inf. ta'af-

ivasat.

more polluted. ausat, pi. awdsit, f. wugtd', middle part; medium; moderate; iS ausatiyy, same meaning. ausa', wider, more spacious. isfS-)^ ausiha-t, jewelled belts of women, &c., pi. of c^j v-isilh,
^~'}\ aiisa/i, dirtier,
l=-j^

be prevented. Jj\ (luq, burden, load, weight; sewer ficulty bother dqa-t, pi. auqa-t, troop
;

dif*

ilqdt,

cistern
pi.

eyrie

dq,

uqa-t,
lbs.

^^

iiqqa-t,

uqaq,

okka=3

oz.

Engl.

q.v.

{^^

ansan, parasite.
u'cisf,

^\^j\ ausdf, pi. ot <-sLc^ quality, Ac. y^}\ avfcir, elevated (ground).

auqdt, times, seasons, Ac, pi. of c:^^ uriqt. ^U^^ auqdf, pi. of <-a^ waqf, bequest, pious foundation, &c. }'^\ auqar, graver, steadier.
u!j\i^\

W^y
gUj\

ausiija, testators,
aiidi'i',

<fec.,

pi.

of

pi.

of

^}

wad', q.v.

^)\ andah,

pi. c-^^j^ a^vadih,

more

or verv distinct, clear, evident. j-ij\ auda', lower.


!i'>}\

auqas, short-necked; nearest (way). i~ii)\ qiyya-t, ^^ wagiyya-i, pi. audq-in, awdqi, uaqdyd, a weight of aliout a pound. y-yW^;l oqiydmis, ocean.
[j=^^
i^y

wwad, room company of soldiers (Turk. ^^).


oda-t,
pi.

oddf,
pi.

^}^ aiihah, earth, sand and stones. ankad, firmer; more secure;

more
(j~^;^

certain.

V-^^\

avdiyd',

of

^^-^^

wadi',

avJias, vulgar,
atil-a\

common man.

shining with purity and whitehandsome of ness pure, neat


; ;

^;\

contemptible; big and

stujiid.

face. y\i.y avtdv, native countries,

y^i^ aul-iii), nests, pi. of (^j iialcn.

homes,

^;i

&c., pi. of ^^J watii, watati. il=.\ ota-t, see i^-,\ oda-t, above.
iak^\

av~ifa-i, pi. of fl-t^ U'(i~[f, thinnest part of a horse's leg.

au'ab, more fit, to grant or exhaust the whole of a thing. jc^\ au'ar, rough, rugged compliv-~*;^
;

cated - au'vr, pi. of y^} iva'r, rough, rugged, difiicult. i-^y au'iya-t, vessels, vases, tc., pi.
;

auka-t, anger, malice calamity. ^5^ aukiya-i, pi. of ^j wihV, q.v. (Jj^) "'> "^j INF. anh ma'dij, return le reduced come to a pass renounce separate from (y^ 'an) INF. ma'dl, diminish (a.); INF. aiiJ, rydl, coagulate, condense; INF. aitl, iydil, iydla-i,
;

of ^} '('('', q.v. ^}\ augil', wind, air. (t_j^) (If, V, injure hurt
;

afflict.
;

)i}\

avfar,i. irofrd', very capaoious richly grown. large full iji^\ aiifaq, nioro or most appro; ;

superintend govern keep in good order or condition escape take to flight waste, grow thin INF. iydl, govern well; airil, A, go in front ii. cause to return explain, make clear interjiret (dreams) determine the number, measure, or quantity
;
; :

priate.

V.

exjilain

^^^

avfa,

more abundant, more

keeji in

good

esjiose order.
;

viii.

sufficient.

J^\ awical, pi. aivd'il,

aivdll,

i.

Ji^\

^,\

95
gate,

^)

awwala-t, pi. ulaydt, foremost; beginning; alawwah'in, al-awd'il, the ancient, ancestors awwala-t, beginning the first.
lUa, vulg.
first,
;

drive
;

'i

Sj^ uld'l, pi.


uLi'i}\

of

zii,

sj zih, this.
f_^)\

ulut, see ^j^ M^!,

ula.
pi. of

jSj\

auldd, sons, children,


comra., and of i)\j zdJc,
pi.

^^

<WS^\ uld'ika,

f.
ui)^'

^'i)\
itt/i;,

uldk, that.
uiiljSj^

pi.

uld'ilika,

of

j^j
;

f?i7t,

that.

^^
(j!^^
Iti}\

aula',

foolishness

infatua-

tion.

aulaq, foolishness

fool.
?

a-wa-lam,
uli'i,

is it

not so

^^

f.

caSj^

mZ(2<,

owners, pi. of 5J ?i(, composition. y^j^ aulauna, pi. of jjij^ a!(7rt, awwaluii, pi. of J;\ nearer; awwal, the first, ancestors. i^)yj\ ultlwiyya-t, majority, priority,

possessors, frequent in

inf. ta'wlm, make thirsty render tall and stout. (j\ uwain, pi. disastrous awamm, a better prefect or Imam. (O}^) ''"! u> INF. auii, be in easy circumstances rest 11. (-at his fill (ass) easily accommodate one's self to circumstances. y^^ auii, ease, and, by opposition, fatigue rest gentleness equal walk the two equal parts of a burden; pack-saddle; An, palaces, &c., pi. of o\^^ iivdn dwin, at ease, quiet, at rest 4 diviiia-t, pi. tortoises times, pi. of f^\j\ awdii. ^3'}\ aunui^, she-camels, &c., pi. of ^^j ndqa-t. (ip\) s'\ dh, dh-i, dh-in, ^'\ dh-an, 6^\
11.
; ; ; ;

smoke

the

bees

out

by

aiih-a, auh-u,
l)\

s^^

awwah, awwuh,
6lj^^

dw-iii,

dw-i, dww-i,

awa-

t'lh-u,

oh!
call

auh,

II.

dh, inf. INF. ta'wih, r. inf. ta'aw1>'\

alas!

wuh,
pain.
l\i,\

out oh
pi.

lament

feel

superiority. aula, pi. ^Jj\

aulaun, awdli, du. wulyaydn, nearer imdyaydt, W7ild, pi. more appropriate worthier M/a,= Sj\ idd'i, these in poetry which, who, i^ii!>\ allazln, pi.
aulaydn,
f.

auhdt,

quarrels,

conten-

wiilyu', dn.

tions, disputes.
(Uj\

picions,
iJ>>^

auhum, opinions, fancies, susAc, pi. of i*ii>} wahin. auhad, pi. awdhid, Monday.

j&j\ aiiJiaz,

i)Sj\

itt/i;, f.

comm.
;

those uU=^^ ulu, f. '^3j\ the first; poetry in possessors; (fZiii, yjA3\ allazin, pi. which, who ; the first, foreawwaliyy, f. S most previous an evident proposition major term of a propo-

those, u^ifSy uld'ika, those, c^UfS^^ uld'ilika, mZS, f of J^\ awwal,

having a graceful walk. 1^}^ auhaii, weaker. iJ^\ auhiya-t, rents, clefts, pi. of

o"; wahy.
j})\ aivilr,
Sj)\

east-wind.
!

,_sy\

oh alas awawiyy, corporeal wonderful, miraculous (derived from


awilh,
;

i3.\

dya-t).

(^5j\)

sition

aivwaliyya-t,

priority,

iwd',

awa, I, INF. iwiyy, uiviyy, look for shelter, put up,


; ;

W'j\

superiority, precedence. auliyd', friends, patrons, &c.,

pi.
uu\->5j\

of ,,5!^ ulaydt, pi. of Jj^ awwal,


(iHi,

waliyy, q.v.

alight (with ^J\ ila or ace. of receive hospitably place) awi, A, INF. auya-t, ayya-t, hiu'-

first,

wdt, ma'wiyat,

&c.
(^^\)

(J
u,

Zi),

have mercy upon compassionate; 11. inf.

aum, be very cry out from thirst thirsty keep in good condition, govern INP. aum, iydm, fumiwell
INF.
; ;

alight; receive hospiIV. receive hospitably tably v., VI. alight; gather together ; INF. ittiwd', i'tiwd', VIII.
ta'wiyat,
;


<J)

^\

96

alight

rest,
li).

repose

have mercy

seller of
(j~}^l
<fcc.

water

iyydb, leathern

upon (J
i^j\ divt, pi.

bag, leathern pipe.


; ;

command
iiiviytj,
"is^j^

uwiyy, alighting, having of compassionate

aydbis, pi. of

ij^

aibas, dry,

flocks of birds. vwaijih, dim. of i^^wajh, face, &c. ijj^ aivid, noise of a crowd, tumult. (^jl uwais, dim. of ^j\ aus, wolf. i}i)\ uwail, dim. of J'\ i1lz=Jii] ahl, people.
es^ ai, viz.,

dydt, signs, miracles, &c., pi. of ik] dya-t. jVj\ iydd, protection enrefuge
uij^y
; ;

trenchment rind rampart wing of an army sand-hill


; ; ;
;

namely, that
!

i,

well, yes
i ciya-t,

is, i.e.
!

ayyti,

O
;

thou

pi.

(/(',

ihjil,
;

dyiU, sign,

wonder, miracle verse of the Koran tomb-stone anything


;

existing body for imitation


;

pi.

ai,

example
;

assembly
missive.

characteristic

aya-t,

embassy

{ij^)ayy, coram, and f 6 ayya-t, whoever, whichever which ? what ?


. ;

aydcU, hands, yad. ^J>^y ayddim, surface of the earth, Ac, pi. of i'ddiaa-t. iydr, air ^}\ aydr, brass, latten IV. of ayydr, (j^^), q.v. month of May dydr, pudenda of a man, pi. of y>\ air. ej^\ iydrij, S laxative (medicine). softness. (j-^.^ iyds, despair >\ i'sdn. t;>s-"^^ aydsin, men, pi. of y* ^'^.\ aydsir (,j3*^^ oy''?')' P^- of ^\
&c., pi. of
-ij

aydd-in and

^S^

M^\
;

aisar,
JLVj\

cj.v.

followed by a noun in the oblique


as J=-j ^J^ ayy-u rajul-in, what man or by an affixed personal pron., as ^^.^ ayyu-kiim, which of you, &c.; vulg. e, eh, end, with ,_^ -^ayy, i^'', contracted into u~>l what ? ji"*! les (for ^^S Jt-oyy-i .'ayyin), for what
case,
;

aydtil,
aital.

hypochondres,
; ;

pi.

of

^y
t^\
cs)^.\

aydg, present

glory dignity cup compassion (Pers.).

jy

^ reason?
with
^1
?

('.s',

iyydhi, iyydJii, see ^\ "iyyd. lydl, s, see Q,\), (J\^);_6 iydhi-t, pi. iydldt, district go-

vernment,
pi.

province

iydJdt,

for

what purpose

why

river-dales.

i,/-lc 'ales,

whv
!

yio^

bes,

where-

C^}

iydm,
;

driving

ayd, ha ho holla iyyd, a prop for the pronominal affixes, when any personal pronoun is to be expressed emphatically, mostly in the accusative, and especially when two affixes depend on the same verb in a sentence,
! !

smoke smoke;
yaniu.
i^""^}

out bees by uydm, iydin, pi. uynm, ayydm, days, pi. of fji
{^^^\i\ aydmhi),v\g\i.t

aydmin

6lj^ dijdaEl ataltu-ka iyyd-hu, I have given it to thee iyydJca,/. iyyd-ki (supply jAi.\ i'//--a)-),

as,

hands, &c., pi. of y-H^ai'mnH and l;^t-*j yamhi. ^y'^y aydma, pi. of (>>\ ayyim, liusbandless, widowed, ijj^^ itydniq, she-camels, &c., pi. of
ii^j )ti!qa-t.

be on thy guard ^\^ wa-iyyd, k) wamjd, with, together with, as, wayyd-knm, together f^^.^ with you, &e. ' "ydt, iyydt,
!

f}k^
i^.)k^

aydwim, days
pi.

calamity),

(especially of yaiim. ayduun, palaces, &c., pi. of

of

ffi

light

splendour,

radiance
;

al'a-t,

form

sight

aspect.

v^^

iydh, return, sunset (v>^) > i'ab, IV. of_(v^j), q.v. ; ayydb,

y\^\ iii-<iil. aydyd, along with you go on JJ^\ ayd'il, mountain-goats, deer, stags, pi. of Ji\ ayyal, &c. ^a\ ayd'im, pi. of ^.\ ayyhn, husbaudless, widowed.
^?.k^
!

^^
^^ fbd, refusing (^_^\) being visited by the
;

97

C*^

ihV,

^~xj\ i'tlsd,

plague

affording consolation by anything,


Uisdr,

(^-^
^^i\

j^^^

deciding by

casting

ibdd, singling out (J^j).

Ms, drying, drying up, parching (^j-^i). J^^^ ihils, hastening ((ji^j). tW?.^ ildt, weakening, making powerless(^).
u-Wj^

lots (j~>). gL-sj\ itisd',


^-^.^

extending

far,

being

spacious, &c. (^^).


liiiv?',

being

embroidered

^*^\

i'tisd',

tyS
JWj^

being healed (broken

ib'iq,

throwing into prison,

bone), (jjM).
ji^ucsS]

ruining, annihilating (ijij). i'hdl, being rich in camels. 'W>^ ihdh, not caring for (aj^).

i'tisdr,

growing

high

and

ij-^y aibas, pi. ayabis, dry, parched ; fleshless ; anything hard, to try

abundantly, &c. (/^). u='^'^^ i'tisds, assembling. ^W.>\ itisdf, being described, &c.
yoUsj^ i'tiddd, seeking, &c. (u=^). ititd', being levelled and softened, &c. (U=^).

upon the sharpness of a


&c.
J*>^
;

aiUs,

be silent

blade, imp. of

U=i:j\

ibal, aibal, aibul,

Christian
fagot.
hiS^ aiba-t,
d'iba-t,

monk;
;

^^ aibaliyy,
i

!Uif\ i'tifdk,

ibala-t,

us)^S^\ i'tikdk,

being overthrown. being very hot, &c.

iba-t,

return fodder, food watering at night;

kj!k>\ i'tildf,
(U.5j\

i'timdm,

concord. intending,
(^\).

taking

time.

for a

model

W^

i'td',
;

making a present;
gift,

libe-

^\
jUll

isd',

suifering

shipwreck, &c.

present. t^y itdh, giving or possessing but little, living in strait circumstances dunning (>;).
;

rality

i'sdr,

preferring, giving prece-

dence.
Isdq, fastening, confirming, &c. (v3';). fi^\ i'sdm, causing to sin, throwing into sin. V==r^ ijd', preventing, being disapj\ii\

J^.l itdd, fastening

a peg, &c., in

the ground {^j).


j^!^ liar, IV. of (/;), q.v. ty^y itdg, ruining, destroying, <^c.

pointed
(>^y

(W-j).

aitdm,

orphans, &c.,
;

yatim itdm, making an orphan; having fatherless children (^). ^\^sS\ i'tibdb, being prepared for a
,*s^

pi.

of

vW;^

ijdb,

answering, affirming,
;

granting, affirmation (v-^^)


ij ijdbiyy, affirmative ijdd, invention ; ^W-}
;

positive.

discovery

journey.

creation publisher
;

becoming an author,
(-^t-j).
;

digging a well. !W^\ i'tibdt, standing quiet, and, by opposition, being agitated. jVixf^ i'tisdr, following the traces. j^a5^\ i'tijdr, asking for wages, presents, alms. j^i^\ i'tihdz, choosing and taking
_)W^\ i'tibdr,

"\

i'jdr,

hire, rent (;=-\)

ijdr,

giving medicine to a child (f^}). abbreviation i'jdz, brevity


;

(^^);
(j-WJ
yas,

conceivmg
;

an

, idea

imagining
gU-.\ ijd',
6^=;^ ijdli,

sense

(u**!-;)-

for one's self, &c., viii.

(j5.\).

^yS\
)\yS\

i'tirdr,

hastening.

i'tizdz, boiling,

becoming

agi-

tated.

causing pain (5*^). making respected and honoured, &c. (*=^^). 4jW;\ ijdna-t, stone jug. \^} ihd', sending, inspiring ((j=-j).

13


c'-^

, ;


; ;

98
ii5^jj\

{j^
irds,

J^.^

iMd, rendering unique, incom;

making one an
(>^j^)-

heir

in-

parable
i'^})
I'd,
;

leaving in the lurch

heriting
t\f\ i'rdh,

Irdh,

dating, fixing the

firm

A, INF. aid, grow hard and grow strong and powerful

date.
S\j>y

irdd,

revenues
;

objection
;

II.

INF.
;

ta'yul,

make
;

strengthen confirm iii. inf. mu'dyada-t, same meaning help,


assist
;

firm,

argument

exposition

address

intention; iv. (Jj^). emaciating, jading.


iriit,

meaning;
>^^

IV.

INF. i'ydd, same v. inf. ta'ayyud, be


^_;?.^

overthrowing,

ruining

strengthened, helped, assisted.

strength; vigour; power; authority strong, ayyid, powerful; aid, onerous, trouaid,

blesome

aid-in, see

mark
S\sif}
\y\

airamiyy, a stone as wayairamiyy, in the desert iramiyy, somebody, anybody.


;

inddd, rose-colour, xi.


IV.
;

,_s-^i\
;

Wl

i'dd,

help, &c.

(i^'^^)

aid!.
ida'

of (oj^), q-v. leaning upon, rest upon


i'za,

('^jj)fe''',

lime-

~>\.iS\

ruin (t^J^). i'ddh, spreading justice in the laud inviting to an entertain;

washing a house
^\y\
i'zdr,
/-((),

(s^jj).

strengthening

(jj^);

ment.
c\aj\ iddh,
g\.ii^
_

preserving, carrying off, taking


(^\j)}

guarding

away

(jj^).

obeying, yielding
depositing
pi.
;

(C'Jj).

izdn,

pondering over a matter


despair of (ace);
INF.
iyds,
;

idd'-,

taking leave,
(u~ri^)

i^'S^

&C. (0;). i'ddma-t,

ayas,
A,

ayddim, hard
;

ground without stones


face of the earth.
g-iJ^

pi.

sur-

be without as, hope, despair of (y^ min) I, INF. ais, do violence, compel,
ayis,

aida', dragon's
aidi, pi. of

blood

saffron

basil.
^Jii^

ii. inf. ia'yis, iv. force soften INF. i'yds, rendering desperate
; ;

aida,
^Jo\

a-i:'1,

more whether?

yad, benefits or very clever.


-ii

if?

making an impression upon disdain, make little //')


;

(,_s

i'-'''-',

soften
soft.
(j~?.^

of

V.

INF.

ta'ayyus,

be

(\ai\

injuring (i^Jl). izdm, putting a strap to the

bucket

(p-ij).

y\j|\ i'zdn, i:dn, call for prayer.

(^\) lir, I, INF, aiir, air, have sexual intercourse with a woman II. have frequent sexual intercourse.
;

what exists aisa, there there are, with negative (j~J laisa, there is not, there are not dyis, d'is, despairing, desperate dyas, more desperate.
ais,
;

is,

1\

aisd', i

>\

aisa-t,

woman who
; ;

jj\ air, pi. di/tir,

penis; air, ir, north-wind east-wind /), cotton hot wind aijyir (ayar), a very hard stone strong in sexual interd'ir, course; ayarr, f. yarrii', pi.

dijdr,

uyilr,
;

no longer has her menses isa', shaving (the head) cutting (^>)t^.\ isdh, soiling, jwUuting (^-j).
jV-~3\

aisiir,
;

&c.
of

of ^~J yasar, easT, of ij~i yasara-t, lines the hand pi. of j-.^ ydsir,
pi.
pi.
;

yin-r,
\j>y

hard as stone.
striking
fire
;

who
showing
;

kills

and divides a camel


;

ird' ,

isdr,

easy birth

prosperity

get-

v**/* i'rdh, ing.

conquering

prosper-

'

ting rich ( J3). ^V~S\ i'sdf, saddening, ing (-A-^).

embitter-

; ;;

;;

U~J!^

99

^\

i3^\
yl~j\

tsdq,

loading a camel, a ship


pi.

JW^

I'gaw,

isaw,

render

aydstn, man insensible (gas)


;

stepping quickly, entersuddenly, &c. adorning one's speech (Jc^).


tgdl,

ing

sleeping, slumbering (y-j). jf}' aisar, easier to be done ;

Wt ifd', fulfilment payment {^^i}).


>>^\ Ifdd,
(iij).

satisfaction

more

sending

very quick walk


;

convenient favourable

u^^ es what

fortunate left, left hand, (for ,_5& j_s\ ayy-u say -in),
; ;

more

jW^ ijuz, causing to hasten ing {/}):


y^\ iqdd, lighting,
j^iij^

hasten(-i'^).

how

i*

^^

why ?
;

healing (u*-^) slandering, tale-telling,

i'm,

burning

iiti,

iqdr,

loading, burdening, &c.

&c.

(?})
^'^} iqdz,

awakening

(a.), (^a>).

cilU^\ isdk,

walking quickly, accelerating, being on the point ("^j).


begin-

gVfl>\ tjti',

causing to fall, assaulting bringing into harmony (gij).


iqdn,

(>'^^ isum, flashing lightly,

(j^.^

certitude,

firm

belief

ning of anything to appear, as hair, breasts, &c. (^;).


V-al isd',

((^).

^^y

aiqi'ma-t,

image,
;

picture
inf.

making a
being

will, &c. (,j*j).


ill,

(ei'kcov).

v^^

isdb,

making

ill

(udi\) aik, i

thicket
;

ayik,

ayak,
kjU\ fea^j being
fit to become a servant (<-a-=j). JLa^ &aZ, bringing, uniting (J-^)

being closely entwined, x. same meangrown together

ing.

^\

ikd',

causing to lean, to recline

i'sdl,

coming at evening time


(

being rooted
j'^y aisar, pi.

J-^).
;

aydslr, hay, grass

(^j) and iJ,). iMi\ ikdd, making firm (^}). Jbijl i'kdl, giving to eat, &c. (J^l)

short tent-rope (pi. also ayiUi). (o*J^) dd, I, INF. aid, return to a former state, do again or repeatedly return to become one's people. ^\ aldan, again also likewise. zS^y iddh, clear explanation; making evident; evidence (e-j). SW^ frftt', hastening, causing to go
;
;

ikdl,

confiding in

God

( j^^).

ayyal, iyyal, il (J^ il), God; ayyul, ayyil, pi. aydyil, moundeer; stag; uyyal, tain-goat curdled milk water. h^ ill!', making one governor of a
Jj\
; ;

province, &c. i^))-

Ek} ildj, inserting, thing into another


'-^'ii\

placing
(g!^).

one

quicker i^)). (i^S i(dn, choosing for a dwelling, &c. (yL,). v-k^ aitah^'-r-^\ at yob, better, s aitaha-t, aitabba-t, rut. &c.
;

Jkl aitul, pi. chondrium.

aydtil,

side,

hypo-

giving birth (^j). making eager for anything, causing to desire ; instigating {^,). ._*^\ i'ldf, accustoming to a place making the thousand full. j>'i>S\ i'ldiu, causing pain.
ildd,

gSu^

ild%

putting a thing in any rekeeping secret (o*^j)>T->W^ i'a6, taking all, &c. (s-^j). J^.^ t'at^, promising threatening
('',

W^

ija,lj^

ilchiyy, pi. ilchiyya-t,

ambas-

ceptacle

sador, envoy (Turk.). stir li^i\ allama-l, anxiety


;

sound

1^!^ tgfar,

making water

or milk to
;

provoking to anger taking the custom taxes in farm {fy).


boil
;

Jerusalem. Ubi iUya, iliyyd', Elias Jerusale ma-t, (Ai\) dm, I, INF. aim, aima-t, ima-t, uydm, be without a husband or
;

tone. J^j^ aihU,

month

of September.


^\

; ;

100
i\

wife (single, divorced, widowed) INF. iyum, drive out bees by smoke, to get at tbe boney ii. INF. ta'yim, cause to become widowed iv. marry a widowed person v. be dej^rived of a

ence between this and that


d'inat,

'

dious;

pi.

easy, commotimes, pi. of y^^ awdn.


d'indt,

ind', causing delay (o*^) Ind', relaxing, tiring (n. and a.),
{^Jy).

weakening
uLi\^\ i'nds,

busband, &c.
I*>}

aim,

tm,

serpent;

i^\
!

f^}

u-l;f\

giving birth to a female. i'jids, rendering familiar, so-

Imam aima-t, widowhood also ayimma-t, feudal land held in tenure a'imma-t,
; ;

aim II (imu) 'l-ldh, by God ayyim, pi. ayd'im, aydma, comm., without a husband or wife, widowed pi. liyum, a serpent ayamm, a better foreman or
S
;

ciable, &c.

(t^^.
(s.),

f^\
i3-u\

tnd',

ripening

inp. iv. of
pi.

ainuq, she-camels,

of

ij>^

iidqa-t.
&i,jViSjj\ !nliisdriyya-i,

janissary.
;

estate,

Ulu^

ina-md, where.
((

wherever
((/j-m,

every-

Imams, imam.

priests,

&c., pi. of

"5^^

ih-a,

Ih-i,

f>'^\

hu,

O! O thou!

W^ imd', sign, hint signal bol (^j) ayyu-mil, f.


;

symUj^}

call out to '^y ayyuhd, 0\

(y

hi).

O
,

ayyah, thou! aih-an,


!

well!

ayya-

ii.,

ayyatii-md whosoever, ever; who? what?


,

whatso-

be

off
!

silent

ih-an, be with you ihd' rendering weak,

_)UI^

order increase, augmentation. imdd, i^U>\ glimmer, glitter glance; wink (y^^j).
;

i'mdr,

las, &c. {^J^i)^

sjWj^ thdh, gift; concession (s-J;).

JW^ i'hdl, welcoming, &c. (J*^). ihdni, making believe or supl^3?.^

O^^

wife

aimdn, f. aima, deprived of or husband, longing for


ila)

pose

ambiguity

(m.)

intimi-

(J^
&c.
;

yamin,
gion.

either; pi. of y.-^ right, right-hand side, imdn, creed, belief, relif.

dation. t)^3J^ ai7j((,away with

you

ihdn,
; ;

y-\ aiman,

yamnd',

pi.

aydmin,
;

aydmin,

fortunate, propitious secure right hand, right aimvn, pi. of (;>--?. yamin, right, right hand, right side, &e. ayyii-maii, whoever.
;

weakening, unnerving (y^^j). aiham, f. yahmu', stupid I*9i^ dumb brave smooth steep desert; al-aihamdn, torrent and mad camel, danger from water
;
;

and
(j^)>.\

fire.

^y\ i'wd', hospitality, shelter.

iwdn,

pi.

li-in,

palace;
;

iwdndt, awdiiin, aydportico; gallery;

saloon, hall

l^^ aima,
above.

f.

of yU;^ aimdn, see

vy^
j^\
(^\

ayyiib.

Job

bakouy, belvedere. uyb, setting of


;

the sun
niji'n-,
;

(s->j^).

((^^) a'an, dn, i, inf. ain, happen at the proper time, be in time draw near be tired.
;

membra

virilia, pi. of ^^

air.

(^y ain, the


d'in,

tiredness quiet
;

proper time
;,i
;

= y.-=.

fatigue,

aiwam, bright day, lit. more of a day than another, comj). of


(,f,

hin,

time

yaum.
(o^^).
j.\> ta'ayya, k^ ta'ayyd, remain proceed slowly v. VI. walk straight up to "(ace.).
; ;

ain-a, en,

where
yj\

whither? tdlJub yj\. \S, hazd iva-cn ha::dk, what

^^

differ-

; , ;

101

oV,

SJ 6 as a numerical sigii=2, expressing also Monday as the second day of the week abbreviation for the month of Raja6 hi, inseparable preposition, with, by, at, in, to, towards ; also denoting the object of a transitive verb, as &> ^^^^ marartu hi-hi, I met him, passed him used after \i\ ud, as U\ h:i hi-raJLilJ=-;} in, behold, there was (or came) a
; ;
;

^^

bdtt,
;

cutting, breaking, weak;

fooHsh, drunk lean, completed, put into order. y^ hdtir, cutting, sharp pi. hawdtir, sword.
thin
;
;

ening

"^^
jy^

bdtik, cutting, sharp.


hdti'ir, pi.

hawdtir, for silk-worms.

mat

of rushes

yW

man.
W hd\ he', name of the letter hd\ mati'imoiiial intercourse wedlock hd'a-t, matrimonial intercourse night's lodging hotel wild-bee hives. (v^) hdh, pi. abwdh, hihdn, ahwiha-t, door s^V-^'' '~^^- hdhu-'lahwdb-i, Darband (portae Cas-

bddr, showing itself spontaneously envious. (3^^ hdsiq, overflowing. ba'aj, A, INF. ha'j, (e^) turn, change cry out ii. cry out.
; ;
;

5^

ii

manner, way, method hdj, best head of a flock entrance custom, tribute (m. Pers.). tr-^W bdjis, pi. bujjas, pouring in
ha'j,

hdj,

'i

species

torrents.
ii^=^W hdhis,
f-\>.

examiner.
;

piae)

w..ijU3\

.^jb

hdhu-'l-mdn-

bdhir, stupid

liar

meddling

dah-i, ga,te of tears,

Babelmandel

perplexed.
hdha-t, mass of water; depth of the sea gulf palm- grove pi. bAh, passage; courtyard. hd/iilr, hottest days of July _)j=^^
&-l!
; ; ; ;

v*^ hdhu-'l-'iUi, Subhme ^J'^\ Porte also S hdha-t, pi. hdhdf, chapter class species category object conjugation limit of a calculation al-ahwdh, repentance (gate of heaven)
;

month;
days.

(^)f^^ fjiyaiiM hdhuriijy, critical day \;y^^ bdhvrd', dog;

buhdt, verses, alineas.

^^ bdbd,

pi. bdbdwdt, pope father, grandfather, eldest (m.) ha'ha', knowing, conversant
; ;

(j~^W hdhis, cheat.

cunning

malicious

with.
ha'ha', inf. ha'ha'a-t, call (W^O father or consider as such
;

(3^^ hdhiq, one-eyed; blind. Jilj hdhil, pi. huhhal, miserly,


avaricious. S\j^ hd.ddt, desert.
jolj

II.

run

fast.

(4;^^ hdbdriyy, black pepper. iS}^^ bdhdwiyy, papal (m.).

J}^

bdbil, Babylon; ^^ bdbiliyy, Babylonian enchanting; poison; h bdbiliyyat, wine (the two latter
;

hddir, shining in full f hastening, hurried bddira-t, pi. baivddir, first movement or impulse impetuosity ; sharpness of a sword.
;
.

significations poetical).

(o''^^ hdbfts), pi. hawdslipper (Pers.). hdhus, child, young of an ij-}i^

tfM

hdbi'ij

E^jjW hddari'ij, basil. (jSoVi hddaldii, oyster. yJVj bddin, pi. hudun,

huddan,

bij,

yWjU
2-U!i>>V;

stout, corpulent ; old, aged. bddinjdu, love-apjjle (Melon-

animal, foal. gi^^ hdbunaj, camomile (Pers.).


-^W bdbiyya-t,

gena).
_

.,

miraculous things.

bddhanj (er*U hdzdhanj), ventilator, chimney.


jU

; ;

102

cr"i

y^jjU hdduwdn, Bedouins (m.). j_3jU hiuli (J^ hiid-in), pi. hddun,
iiidd-an, buddd, externally visible,

jj^ bdriq, f. bdriqa-t (pi. bdru/d, bawdriq), shining, flashing.


cs!j*j

bdrik,
;

distinct
;

desert
to

living in the bddi', who begins, sets


; ;

ing knee.
g>_)^
^}j^

i
is

kneeling

(m.) blessbaicdrik,

bdrika-t,

pi.

work

first

cause, reason; hddiya-f, inhabitants of the desert nomads


; ;

f. i

hddi'a-t, first

bdranj, cocoa-nut.

bdrud,

powder
;

desert.
iW
ft'-ifri

bdrud abyad, nitre pi. bawdrid, gun (m)


diyya-t, jjowder-bag.

;
;

(j^trt^

-^^j^

baruda-t,
haril-

old, ragged.
pi.

^j^
J^^
i>J^

hdziha-t,

hawdzih,

very

OM^
"^j;^
i^j^.

high mountains.
hdzil, liberal,

bdruq, white lead. bdruk, timid, lazy.


bdri',

generous.

bdr1, creator,
;

hd:ana-t,
;

recognition,

subri-

mission

knowledge.
indecent speech,
jW

(^j^ bdpjjij, baldry.


(_)^)

who planes, healed ' hdri'ya-t, "pl. smoothes, &c. bawdrl, mat of bulrushes.
bird' ,
;

God

pi.

ba'z,

bdz, pi. bv'uz, bi'zdn, bizdn,

ba'ar, a, inf. ha'r, dig a well


;

ab'uz, buz'iin, falcon,


j^j^

hawk.

_)^

send good deeds before one's self, do good in secret iv. inf. ib'dr, dig a viii. inf. well for another; conceal. ihti'dr, dig a well bdr, the first emanation of the
hide, conceal
;

market, market-place, emporium traffic a bargain


bdzdr,
;

(Pers.).
(j\Sj\j\i

bdzdrgdn (y^^j^

bazirgdn),

merchant
j\jj^
riyija-t,

(Pers.). bdzddr, pi. bazddira-t, bdzdd-

Divinity; bdrr, pi. abrdr, baliberal, rara-t, innocent, pious


;

JjW

h'izil,

falconer (Pers.). experienced.

beneficent.
EjVj

bdrij,

a good sailor
of

(^j^ bdziyy, p\.buzdt,bawdzi,iaicou,


i

bdri-

hawk.
(j-^
ba's, bds, courage, boldness power, strength calamity, adversity, misfortune damage
;

ja-t,

man

war;

pi.

bawi'rij,

hotel, inn.

bawdrih, living in Cj^ the plain turning the left side al-hdrih, ' towards hot wind aZ-6(/r/te-/, yesterday; ,j5jS\ fc-jUJ\ al-bdrihatu-'l-'ula the day before yesterday.
hdrih,
pi.
;

punishment is no harm in
;

ij-b S
it.

jd bds, there

^^

bdsd\ pain, sorrow tune poverty.


;

misfor-

kj^UiVj bdsdbort,

J)W

bdrid, cold, cooling, agreeable


;

slow poor (wit, poetry) incontestable (right) safely placed (money) SjjVj d*-.ie ijaiiima-t bdi-i(la-t, easy booty (obtained without bloodshed) pi. bawd rid, sharp sword.
dull,
;

passport (m.). ij-^ bi-asri-hi, the whole of it, so on, ^tc, see j~-\ asr.
bdsit,

and

ijJ^ bdsira-t, stern countenances.


S=-W

distant
S

thirsting

spreading; embracing; al-bdsit,

God
ij-^

bdsita-t, ell, cubit.

jjW bdriz,

f. 6

proji'cting; external;
affix of

the pronominal
iji)^
gjV> bdrl', i

a verb.

i bdsiqa-t, pi. high; bau'daiq, high palm-tree white cloud danger a fruit.

b:i^iq,

bdruj, first cotyledon.


,

excoediuLcly beautiful excelling in knowledge excelling ; bdri'a-t, excellence, merit.


;

J-.^ basil, pi. busl, bussal, busald', having a stern countenance pi. bawdsil, lion brave terrible strong, and, by opposition, in; ; ; ;


u-^
sipid (beverage); sour milk.

;; ;;

108
blunt, bluff;
bd'a-i,
pi.

v3W

courtyard
^'\i bd'i'.

sellers, &c.,

of

(*-^ bi'isim, smiling. i^f-'^ bnsin, i plough-share; tool; coarse sack. j^Vj hdsur, pi. bawdsir, emerods,
,

"^-^W bd'is,

who sends who


cause
pi.
;

author
bd'lsa-t,

causes subject bawd'is, motive,


;

ii

reason

charm

ij

'hd'isiyya-t,

piles.

causality.

(31*-^ bdsiliq,
(ur-W)

vena
a,

basilica.
ba's,

ba'ax,

inf.
;

throw

down
ba'ax,
III.

unawares
it

iJ^W

^
;

mtt

is

not

forbidden

^^ bd'id, far, distant perishing contemptible, ij^^ hd'iq, stream; waterspout;


;

and throw down, without resistance on the part of the


seize

assaulted.

i^V

6((s

,_j&

bi-eS,

why ?

^_^\i bi-ayy-i say-in, in order that bds,

(Turk.); &,;,s-i-, friendly, amiable, smiling. ^^ hdsd, pi. bdsdwiH, bdsdt, pasha (Turk.). jA^ feu^ir, propitious, auspicious prudent.
(3^^
bds'iq,

chief

crash, peal. bdMk, stupid. >^y:^ bd'us, Easter-feast, g^ bdg, pi. bdgdt, garden (Pers.) bdg-in, see ^J^^. bdgi.

"^^

yLilj bdijbdv, gardener (Pers.). )^W bdgiz, ribald; swiftness; li bdgiziyya-t, a coarse silk-stuff dress made of it.

t/*W bdgid, who hates. i*^W bdgima-t, low and modest or tender talk,
ti^y^^ bdgut, Easter,

pi.

bawdsiq,
;

sparrow;

hawk.
;-^ bdsir, who looks at sagacious intelligent; bdsira-t, sight,

o^^

; :

ii

(^W bdg-in), f. S bdgiya-t, bugdt, bugydn, who seeks or desires passionately rebellious
bo-gi

pi.

eye.

unjust
pi.

tyrant

bdgiya-t,

adul;

^'^

bddi',
;

bada'a-t,

cutting,
; ;

teress.
((i^) ba'aq, inf. ba'nq, VII. befall suddenly.
ii\>.

sharp good broker pedlar s camel-dealer bddi'a-t, pi. bawddi', herd wound from which blood is dropping. ijou,\i bddi'id, humidity. (tb) ba'at V. lie on one's side be of a careless mind; not trouble about a matter. jJ=*j bdtih, fallen on the face.

befall

bdq-in, see

^Vj bdqi

bdqa-t,

batch of flowers, nosegay bouquet. rich in _^W bdqir, herd of cattle goods and pastures great pi. lion bawdqir, ox bdqira-t,
pi. bdqdt,
;
;

ii

sharp.
giV?

Jtb

bdtil, pi. 6Mf i(Z, vain, foolish;


;

bdqi',
;

useless

false
bdtil,

lie

play
devil

jJ

hyena
Ji*j

spotted
6

like

bdqi\i-t,

a tiger prudent,

JtW
yi'W

zil

jester

pi.

cautious
bdqil,

calamity.
;

batala-t, sorcerer.

bawdtin, inner, interior concealed, secret mystiwho penetrates the heart cal (God) pi. abtina-t, butndn, lowlands ; fissures of the ground
bdtin,
;

pi.

greengrocer name of a certain lazy blockhead.


bdqihV,

SkiVj

^^
pi.

bdqild,

i'i^k

bdqi-

Egyptian bean. ;yW bdqilr, i bdqdra-t, herd of


Idt,

cattle

bdqura-t, cow.

caused by water h bdtiniyya-t, the Batanians or assassins. 4elb bdtiya-t, pi. hawdti, deep dish
;
;

Ji^

bdqill,

bawdqil,
pi.

cup

earthen inkstand (m.).

^^
f.

bdqi
S,
pi.

((3^

bdq-in),

bdqin,

vat.
g^t
bd',

fathom

(measure)

bdqiydt,
;

who

survives

remaining,

remains, lasting
;


i)Vs

104
al-bdqi,
;

eternal

God
;

rest,

important;

aZ-&rt7n'z,

calamity

'
;

balance of an account al-haqiya-t, duration pi. remainders

bdhiza-t, adversity.

j*^
JJ^}

bdJiif/,

good actions.
"^^ Idk-in, see (_/^ hdM. hiiliir, early in the morning ' hillcira-t, virgin bearing early fruit (palm-tree). j^W bdkih; first spring shower; f.
i^\i.
;

bd/iil,

at

sleeping, sleepy. pi. buhl, buhhal, freej leisure; idler; bdliil, and i

unmarried woman. ^*J bdhim, pi. bawdliim, thumb;


bdliUa-t,
i_5*^

premature.
(>)W

big toe (m.). bdh (ilj bdh-in) f having a wide cavity


I

bdhiyy,
, ;

'

empty

^J^ hdki

bdk-iii),

pi.

hiil-dt,

aphrodisiac.
(^W (^^) ba'd, A, TJ, INF. ba'ir, ba'wd', rise high and exert one's self in running (camel) surpass in glory glory, boast. }^ ba'w, glory, pride. j^Vj 6a/=ii3o beg (Turk.), Bey, prince, chief.
, ;

iukiyy, f. i hdlciya-t, pi. haivdhl, "weeping, lamenting bdkiija-i,


;

female mourner.

JW

heart, solicitude;
hdJ,
;

mind
b^'d-in,

attention see ^^'^. bdli,


;

' shabby garb perfume-hag scentwhale bottle grief, sorrow bdlla-t, humidity drop ad-

mouldering
bdla-t, bale

i^>^.

night old
^asj^

vantage. jJ^ bdlih, dry, bare.


^W bdlid, inhabitant of the

passing the night a stale. of yesterday bd'ija-t, pi. bau-d'ij, misforbd'it,


;

country

or town. ^(j bdJig, who reaches, penetrates f. i, of age; having attained to


;

puberty

excellent.

gy^

bdlu',

abyss;

wide
is

open,
pi.

gaping
ba}V''iJi%

bdh'i'a-f,

tune. j^ bd'ih, who promulgates a secret; (m.) traitor shameless. jj^ bd'ih, tired. ^ bd'id, perishable. ijS^ bd'is, poor, miserable. (ji>j bd'id, laying eggs. jj^ bd'i', pi. bd'a-i, seller; in;

sink, sewer, cloaca.

jy\j hdhd, a little water o^W bdli (JW hdl-iii),


(clothes).

drop.

former traitor a woman who has many suitors (pi. also


; ;

worn-out
;

bdu^li'i^).
;

(o^) bdn,
y^J^

'^ ,

the Egyjjtian willow


ijjVi

bd'iq, of little value ijj^ bd'iqa-t, pi. baird'iq, misfortune,

<_-='

habbu-'l-bdn-i,

nutmeg.
hdniya-t,

calamity
vii^M

wrong.

yU

bdn-in,

hdni,

f.

bailik,

government

fisc

j)l.

bunndf, bairdm,
;

who
;

builds,
;

(Turk.).

straight and slender (like the willow-tree). (5^) ba'ah, inf. ba'Ii, notice, com;

founds author

bdniyy,

architect

composer

{^^

prehend quickly (J

li,

s->

60bdh-in,

bd'in, distinct, evident. notorious f a divorced woman f. pi. bawd' in, proof by four witnesses. i-s^M bdyiya-f, Palm-feast.
;
. ;

^ bdh, sexual intercourse; see ^'^^ bdhi.


u:^ii>\i

-^

babb, sort, kind S babba-t, saying "papa," prattle of chil;

bdJiU, liar

languid, pale plexed.


jto^i

slanderer (ni.) astonished, per;

dren.
tjW? babdn, bahbdn, way of living.

kind

manner

bdhir,

S,
;

handsome; shining;
clear, distinct
;

admirable
rdf, ships.
IsaV?

bdhi-

U-^ babagd', babbaga', babgd', SU-^ babagdt, JU-j babagdl, parrot

nightingale,
oppressive,
difficult
;

bdhiz,

(cw)

batt, V,

I,

INF. batt, cut, lop

; ;

"W
be cut or lopped
complisli
; ;

105
perform, acover-drive an
;

^
sunrise
;

I,

viii.

be

cut

off,

decide

lopped
^ya batrd',

run.

plete

animal and be unable to comone's journey inf.

Mahomet's coat

of mail.

6y^ batra-t, she-ass.

batta-t, hatdt, divorce

inf. grow thin make and tbe head cut dress li^ perform quickly, despatch provide with provender cut complete get provided with provender furnish a house to in be cut decided,
once and
;

a wife for

all;

batilt,

sell

batt

off
;

iv.

off

v.

live

vii.

off,

INF. bat', prepare the ; inf. butu', remove to a distance be cut off, separated bati'. A., INF. bata', have a long neck, strong limbs ; follow one's head ; vii. be cut off, separated. 5^ bit', bita', strong wine, mead but', pi. of abta', whole,

(5^) bata', wine jsj


;

bit'

^\

finished.
ct>

grow impotent.

all.

butfit, bitdt, a coarse dress to cover the head rope hood, wrapper s (m.) skein bita-t, stay, remaining, inf. of ("^^) batta-t, cut, separation ; battatan, al-batta-t, ^l-> &-> battat-an batlat-an, irrevocably (m.) not

batt, pi.

Ui} bat'd',
all
;

f.

of

^\

abta',

whole,

piece

of

strong of joints,
batah,
;

(udxj)

cut off
one's

cut
S

i, u, inf. batlc, cut, seize and draw towards self, offer violence 11.
;

v.,

VII.

be cut, cut
pi.
;

off

bitha-t,

batha-t,

bitah,

part, piece, portion


( J^)

night.
11.

at

all.

(^)

bata', INF. bat',

remain, stay.

vJ^

batnt, pi. abitta-t, travelling requisites supplies household things, furniture outfit hood ;
; ; ; ;

cut off cut off ; separate from (y.c 'aii) devote


batal,

u, INF.

separate,

sever

batl,

from a anything separated whole divorce performance


;
;

hattdt, irrevocably ; maker and seller of the headdress batt small (^ batdii, casks, pi. of A-Ja batiyya-t. )^ battdr, butdr, sharp.

batdt-an,

one's self entirely to (J li) IV. sever ; v., vii. be separated, severed; v. devote one's self entirely to God x. be severed. JjiJ batl, i , things separated separation. (y;>) batd, u, inf. batw, remain,

stay.

batd'

(Eg.)=^
;

matd', goods,

uwy^
pi.

battlt,

followed by pronominal affixes it is used as a posses-

property
sive
butiV.
tsJba

INF. of ("w) of u^. batt, q.v.

butut,

gya
ksJya

batil', pi.

of *- batd', q.v.

adjective,

f.

batd'a-t,

pi.

batuk, sharp.

battdk, sharp.

JjiJ batul ( J^ batil), virgin ; nun ; vestal ; al-butiU, al-butula-t, the

JfUi batd'il, palm-shoots, &c., pi. of aJw batUa-t.


(ya)
batar,
;

Holy Virgin
shoot
;

h
6

Patimah

palm-

batuliyya-t, virginity.

u,

inf.
off
;

batr,

maim,
;

curtail
batir,

cut
inf.
;

outroot

1^

batiyy, table-cloth; towel ;= uul^ battdt, maker and seller of

a,

batar,

have lost

hoods

battiyya-t, pi. batdti,

the tail be childless, useless iv. curtail II. annihilate ; deprive of posterity ; give, and, by opposition, refuse; perform the morning prayer only at

small cask (m).

S\^
iltXi

bataira-t, sun.
batila-t,
;

pi.

batd'il,
;

shoot

fleshy

limb

palmbuttock
;

nun.

14

106
(>i-i)

U"^
basir,

hass,

I, tr,
;

inf. bass, disperse,


publisii
;

;*^
(s)

much, many
TJ.

covered

blow away
;

communi;

with pustules.
%>',

i-?

cate, impart, bestow spread a doctrine ii. disperse ; spread about, publisii ; iii., iv. impart a secret to (ace.) ; vi. impart secrets to each other VII. be dispersed, dissolved,

tumour) conquer
(a
;

INF. bajj, prick open fatten pierce


; ; ;

viii.

almost

burst

with
gi bujj,

fat.

published

viii.

demand

in-

formation. lass, things spread about, dispersed state, publication condition; need; grief, sorrow;
; ;

a young bird, bujiija-t, e^n 6it;Vy, stout, fat contemptible fellow. jW bajild, pi. bujitd, a striped upper garment.
;

f.jW-.

bajdrim,

pi.

,_SjW;

bajilriyy,
buji-itj!/.

calamities. calamities,

pi.

of

6 hisa-t, pi.

t_^ hisa, ashes.


(of

^/r.

*i>^

biscis,

communication

JW-. bajnl,

secret).

prince;

hajjiil,
^

stately old
tall

man,
hand-

bajdla-t,

0^) J^^
(lA..^)

ibsa'arr, inf. ibsirdr, leap. basbas, inf. basbasa-f, raise

some woman. S^W bujdiva-t. Nubia.


5;L==-.

dust
(j^))

spread about news.

bajbdj, i

basar, basur, v, inf. basr, basar, busur, get covered with

ing flesh;
(g.HF-.)
;

fat man with shakfool; babbler; heap

pustules
^ii

pustules;
little
;

basr,

same meaning. much, and, by opposition,


;

V.

basir,

covered

with

of sand. li. inf. tabajbvj, be bajbaj (m.) be swollen fat and loose bajbaja-t, the face) (in

6, pi. busur, pustule,

lullaby.
(c=r.)

(!:i>)

efflorescence basit, A, INF. basaf, swell. (^) basi'. A, INF. basa', husiV, be full, curl (lips).
(j*i>)

bajih. A,
;

(n.)

II.
;

rejoice (n.)

^\

i6sa'ar=j^^ ihsa'ar,

q.v.

j^. bajah, joy (ji=-.) bajad, i,

inf. bajah, rejoice v. rejoice (a.) ; be delighted. high rank, dignity.

biijiid,

under (j^).
(iJ^O
v, inf. basq, basaq, overflow and break the banks overflow with tears ii. INF. busuq, be brimful vii. break break the banks inveigh against (^1^ forth proceed from the father '?(() and the son (m.). basq, bisq, pi. busdq, place i>i> where the water breaks through.

basaq,

remain on the same meanings.


Jir;
;

remain, stay pasture ii.


;

tabsak,

bajd, troop of people, of horses bujud, striped (100 and more) upper garments, pi. of jW bijdd 6 bajda-t, root, origin essence desert bajda-t, of a thing

bujda-t, btijuda-t,

knowledge
(;=r.)

skill

deep and solid who adheres


;

to his word.
A, inf. bajar, be afwith a rupture of the navel have a big belly be full of water or milk without being be tired of a thing satiated
bajir,

iJtia

busla-t, celebrity.

(^

busun,

pi.
;

basna-f, soft sand soft level ground fine woman with a soft skin butter best wheat abundance of wealth Bethauia bisna-t, pi. bisan, soft level
ii
;

gardens;

flicted

bisan,

and

ground.
(yi))
basi!,

desist from it {^^ 'an) v. indulge in wine xi. desist S biijra-t, pi. bujar, navel; hujriyy, biijriyya-t, pi. bajdriyy,
;

^
;

u,

INF.

basw,

sweat,

misfortune, calamity.
(y-p.)

perspire.

bajas,

I,

u, inf. bajs,

open

; ;

; ;

U*"=r.

107

a wound and let flow out the water gush forth inf. hujns, scold II. make the water flow v., VII. break through flow out gush forth. u~r-. bajs, running water htys,
;


;
; ;

(g=r.)

bujjas, raining cloud. baja', a, inf. laj',

hahdbih, middles of houses, courtyards, &c., pi. of ^ft=^. bahbuha-t. '^^. bihds, disquisition ; disputation bahhds, disputant. t^. buhdh, hoarseness. ;^. bihdr, seas, &c., pi. of f^. bahr ;
g;!^.
;

cut

off,

lands,
i|;=:

lop.

countries, &c., pi. of bahra-t bahhdr, pi. 5 bahhd-

C=r baja', pelican ; swan. ( J^.} bajal, INF. bajl, bujul,

ra-t,

mariner.

be in
conbajal,

yjj^=-,

easy circumstances,
dition
;

good
inf.
bajul,

pi.

bahdrhi, days of crisis, &c., of e^/^; bahrdn.


!

bajil,
;

A,

same

meaning
bujul,
;

cW.

inf.

hajdla-t,

respected
praise
;

be

great

ii.

honour

and and
it is

bahbdh, as long as broad i bahwhat a pity bdha-t, shrew.


bahbdh-i,

applaud enough for you;


cient for (ace).
J=F. bajal, J==; it

say iv. be
!

(c*^-) bahbah, inf. bahbaha-t, abide

suffi-

indeed
j
zil

verily
!

is

enough now

^' yes that will


!

do

man

J=-. J

bajal, a dispirited
;

without ambition
;

bajal,
;

in a place (m.) give abundantly; enrich ii. inf. tabahbuh, abide in a place ; be in the middle of the premises (m.) live in abun5 bahbaha-t, crowd, dance troop (J bahbahiyy, living in plenty and happiness.
;

hujal, bujul, great

calumny

anything wonderful
small tree (^.) bajam, be silent
; ;

lie

((jS^,^.)

bajla-t,

of graceful figure. i, inf. bajm, bujilm, hesitate contract (n.) II. hesitate contract give a sharp look. (i^yri) II. bajjan, impress (upon the

bahbas, inf. bahba^at, gather together, assemble (n.).

Zft^.

middle kerbuhbiih, root buhbdha-t, pi. marrow nel bahdbih, middle of the house courtyard; open square; (m.)
; ;

ii

middle, centre.
j^*=-.

mind). bajwam, full of water. ji^. bajir, a great many, very numerous.
()=r.

bahbilr,

young bustard.
;

(d-ss-.)

bahut, INF. bahfda-t, be pure iii. inf. mubdand unmixed hata-t, love with pure and sincere

(j~-iF, bajis,

overflowing.

affection

man J=; bajil, respected old honoured leader prince big, stout, coarse, rude. (j^) bahh, A, INF. bahh, bahah, bahdh, buhuh, bahdha-t, buhuha-t, " say " pooh pooh be hoarse
; ;

give
cattle.
ui^=n

unmixed

be open with (ace.) the food to


pure, unmixed, un-

baht,

alloyed. great fs^. buhtur, short and stout buhturiyy, same meaning.

II., IV. render hoarse viii. be hoarse (m.) plenty and above.
;

vii.

(i4.,o=.)

have

j4

bahha-t, woman with a rough buhha-t, hoarseness. voice ; W" bahhd', f. of ^1 abahh, hoarse, &c., hill in the desert.

buhh, pi. of 2<\ abahh, hoarse, gold coins gross timber &c.
; ; ;

lahas. A, INF. bahs, seek examine, try, discuss inquire III. INF. mubdhasa-t, examine ; discuss dispute ; v., vii., viii., X. seek for, inquire, investigate VI. try to fathom (u* fi or y*
; ;

1^^:=-.

'an).

bahs, pi. abhds, examination ; discussion; disputation; contro-

;; ; ;

; ; ;

108
versy ; pi. huhits, mine snake wager, bet.
; ;

a large

hahar,
fusion,
thirsty

consumption
see

con-

&c.,

If?)
;

(r^d

iahsar, inf.

bahsara-t, pick
;

confused,
;

frightened

take out and uncover examine ; separate (milk) from the butter (n.) disperse squander inf. ii. tabahsur, be picked out and separated ; 6 bahsara-t, dissi; ; ;

out and separate

consumptive
; ;

bahir, very _
*

T}^h-

ra-t, pi. buhr, bihdr, land, district

low-lands park place or town pond, Medina with water


;

basin.
(^\f^.

pation.
(t)^=^.)

bahsan, inf. hahsana-t, be

lazy, negligent.
gf^. bahah, hoarseness. ^^jAs-. buhduriyy, badly

bahrdn, the Bahrein Islands pi. bahdrin, critical buhrdniyy, day ; delirium pure and red (blood) ; foolish,

buhrdn,
mad.

fed and not

growing.
(J"*^')

{i^f^) bahran, inf. bahrana-t, a crisis be delirious.


;

have

bahdal,

inf. bahdala-t, hav;

(^/^. bahriyy,

ing a crooked shoulder


;

bahdala-t, swiftness. fast (;==) bahar, inf. bahr, split wide bahir. A, inf. bahar, be confused, perplexed (with fear) be overjoyed; be very thirsty; waste in flesh iv. go to sea find the water salt be con-

walk

to

the
;

referring or belonging from sea-green sea

Bahrein
(:y^.f^.

5
;

ners, sailors

bahriyya-t, ship.

mari-

bahrain, the two seas, the White and Black, Mediterranean and Euxine the Bahrein
;

Islands.
(y^.) bahaz.

A, inf.

bahz,

box the

sumptive meet accidentally have a red nose have many pools of stagnating water
;
;

ears.
Ej^. bahzaj, calf
;

foal of a camel

X. swim in riches, knowledge, &c., as in a sea meditate profoundly travel towards the sea x. be large as a sea
v.,
; ;

short and stout. (lt-^^) for i^^-^^), dig and search the ground. Js". bahl, violent impulse. (u-^) II- tabahlas, have the hands
;

dwarf

walk

about
pi.

have

full

comhihdr,

mand
^,
bahr,

of the language.

abhur,
^^^iJ^
;

bahi'ir,

sea

l=s5a*3\

al-bahru-'l-inuf^,

bahru'z-zuhiuU-i,At\a,Titic; ^J''^^\j^J\ al-bahru-'l-wastdniyyu (L-yi+J^


hit-u. Pacific
i>U)iiJ\

empty, have nothing to do. bahnd', large basket for dates large village or camp. 6i\i=r; bahndna-t, large spark large basket for dates.
;

^^.
>i^.

huhCda-t,

purity,

&c.,

see

'l-mutawassit-u),
'l-ritm-i, yi-^S^

fy^\ f^. baJiruj-J\ al-bahru-'l-

bahhih,

mighty

disputant

abyad-u, the Mediterranean;^ {j^ f=: bahr bontus, Jj~.S\ ja5J\ aZ-6aArM-'Z-aswad, the Black Sea;
jj=3^ j=-.

tauba-t of the Quran buhus, pi. of *^-=^. bahs, mine, &c. ^^. buhuha-f, hoarseness, &c., see

the

Sura
;

hf

bahrv-'l-hazar-i, the Cas;

bahr suivais, j*a.S\ ^a5-!\ al-bahru-'l-ahmav-u, the Eed Sea large river (Nile) title of large works
; ;

pian Sea ^^\ qulzum, wiy f=:

js-,

bahrti-'l-

jf^.

bahnr, wide-stepping courser; seas, &c., pi. of f=\ bahr. V=^.\ ibhd\ give way, (u=^.), IV. INF. refuse further service (beast of

buhdr,
burden).

liberal

man;

stepping

generous; horse metre ;


;

widesplit

; bahih, greedy.


o=--

;;! ;; ;

;;

109
;

J^
disperse
stain.
(n.)
;

_>==;

hahir,

consumptive
;

buhai-

bahsara-t,

^ ^

small lake Medina. hah-in bah-in ! bah-i bah-i bah bah ! well done bravo
ra-t,
!
!

O-^

bahh, high-minded prince. (<y) ^ahh, V, iNP. bahh, be


; ; ;

im-

portant calm down (from anger) snore (m.) sprinkle tobacco with water drizzle.
;
;

bahdan, delicate girl. i]^) bahar, u, inf. bahr, steam bahir, a, inf. bahdr, stink, have a bad smell, foul breath 11.
;

fumigate

smoke

perfume

j^.

buhur, pi. abhira-t, buhiii; vapour, steam smoke fog bad smell foul breath miasma
; ;

fever
\j^.

^^

buMriyy, from Bo-

cause the breath to be foul V. perfume one's self, be perfumed. fr bahar, stench, foul breath hahir, strong smell.

IV.

khara fumigator. buhdnV, Bokhara. (j^^^. buhusis, presents,


;

(j*;)

bahaz,

inf.

hahz,

gouge

an
;

eye.
pi.

of

((-r-*;)

bahas, a, inf. bahs, diminish

t/"-*-!=^.

bahsis.

injure

ic^. bahiVa-t, submission, &c., inf.


(3^. buhdq, wolf.

away;
i^*'.

wrong
vi.

11.,

v.

waste

deceive

and injure
tri-

each other.
bahs,
;

excessive

taxes or
; ;

J^. bahhdl, great miser. '^\^. bahdnid, fine women,


i\xi~=;

pi. of bahanddt. it^^ &aA6a^, INF. bahbaha-t, call out bah bah, well done bravo rejoice be satisfied, pleased cry out (camel) ; grow cool resound snore ; subside (anger,
!
!

bute defect, injury defective measure, low price the gouging of an eye. (tr**'.) bahs, make a hole, pierce II. give a gratuity (m.)

ii

buhsa-t, pi. biihnj, abhds, hole. cr-"^ bahsas, give a gratuity (m.). u^e-i^ bahsis, pi. baMSis, (m.)
.

&c.) II. same (m.) drizzle.


;

meanings

rest

i^ft=='.

buhbuha-t, drizzling rain,


baht, beat
;

(c:^) bahat, inf. be desponding.

pass.

u>^. baht, destiny, fortune, luck, especially good luck j^\ ut!fe; baht aswad, bad luck, misfor;

tune

buht,
bioht

j^
g;S=p

u:,.s^_

Bactrian camel Nasar, Nabuchodobahdtij,

nossor.
btihtaj,

gratuity, present, bribe ; pin(Pers.). ((jo*:) bahas, a, inf. bahs, gouge V. stare at with wonder. (d^-) io,ha', INF. ba, cut the throat commit suicide from despair; dig a well until water comes give sincere advice ; carry on with zeal believe the news (m.) blame publicly ; bahi', INF. buhiV, bahd'a-t, sub6 mit to (J li), plead guilty

money

pi.

cooked,

boiled (Pers.).
(r*^-)
6^'^^*'')
I-

blame putting to shame.


bah'a-t,

public

shame,

S'lid

II-

have

((3==:)

graceful gait, balance in walking,


II.

walk

wantonly,
gait
;

grow proud

graceful

swagger
bahtara-t,

eye blind
;

bahaq, blind a person of one bahaq, v, bahiq. A, grow

iv.

knock out an

eye.

^5

hahtariyy,
gait.

and
pi^.
bihtir,

having a graceful

(;^) bahsar, inf.


rate, disperse;

bahsara-t, sepav.

be separated,

bahuq, kerchief. (J*:) bahul, INF. buhl, bahal, be avaricious ; 11. miserly, reiv. find proach with avarice ; miserly. buhul, J^, bahal, very miserly ;
(3*^.


J^.
pi.

;! ; ,

; ;

110
miserly
;

\^
fatigue III. INF. biddd, m.uiv. bddda-t, exchange goods stretch the hand distribute v. sepatowards the ground; rate (n.) get separated, dispersed distribute between each vi. other ; cover entirely take as an fight man to man equal viii. two attack one on both sides ; two children
; ;

of

Jsi^.

bahil,

huhl,
;

huhill,

hahl,

hahal,

huhhal, pi. of ^y^\>. '^. huhald', pi. of miserly.


I<^.

avarice bdhil, miserly.


J-s*".

hahil,

hahni,

any plant without


tall,
(jU=;\

stalk.
({:>*'.)

take

ihhindn, sleep position ibhilnn, ibha'ann, inf. ibhtndn,


;

hahn, hann, inf.

long

(^.\
;

ih-

an

upright

ibhi'iutn, die.
i\,u=='.

pi.

hahandd-t, ,^Ai==; hahanda, hahdnid, well-made woman


delicate

with

knuckles

x. treat a suck one mother thing by or claim it for one's follow one's own self usurp head.
;

ih-

(\jj)

badd'. A, INF.
;

^
;

bad', begin,

handa, be such. i3^ huhiaq (cd.^


chief, veil
(j*^.)
;

commence
htihnaJc),

ker-

do a thing the first bring the first news emigrate


pass,

snail-shell.

bahd,

INF.

fcaA*")

subside,

calm down. ^. bahw, bad date


;

(m.) convent)
(j_jlc

il. get the small-pox; accept for a novice (in a


;

do one thing before


;

soft.

;^. hahur, pi. hahilnit, scent, perfume fragrant wood for fumigation.
Jj=^. buhfil,
c=.-<=^.

avarice.

6a^(7,

fortunate,

happy,

lucky.
(Jrt*^.

bahiq, one-eyed, blind.

iv. make another be the first to a beginning v. emigrate do create do first begin; viii. begin; (m.) be before anything else a novice. \-^ before all bad-an, first buddd, inhabitants of the desert,

'ala)

buhul, buhald' bahil, pi. miserly, avaricious. jj ji> (jij) well done 6a(i JatZ, badd, fatigue, tiredbravo
Jt!==:

&c., pi. of ^^J^J bddi


;

had'a-f,

bidd, similar, eqvial ness budd, pi. bidada-t, abddd, idol separation; part, portion; equivalent flight, escape (^ -^ S Zti budd mill, there is no help from, Id budd, by all one must; means, necessarily ; bad', pi.
; ; ; ;

a mushroom first portion of a slaughtered camel portion bad'a-t, bid'a-t, bxid'a-t, beginning bud'a-t, prince badd'a-f, budd'a-t, beginning anything unexpected done or said ex tempore.
; ; ;

cW
pi.
j\>i>

baddh,
of

pi.

huduh,
;

and good laud

biddh, plains,
;

extensive

^^
first

budu',
;

abdd',
pi.
;*}

beginning
budtV,

c^

bidk.

master
;

abdd',

portion of a slaughtered S new well camel bidda-t, budda-t, power; pi. bidad, budad, portion, share biidda-t, extreme. (.ij) badd, V, INF. badd, separate remove, keep separate injure place a cloth under the saddle II. separate, disperse ; (m.) squander ; drowsy with be
;

baddd, challenge for combat biddd, saddle-cloth exchange of goods, INF. III. of (Jj) biddd, baddd, portion, share contribution comrades.

; !

;U> biddr, inf. hi. of jJj , q.v. biddr-an, baddr-i, make haste
;

look sharp
J\.vj

badddl, dealer
baddn,

hiddl,

be quick exchange, iii. of (JJ<)


! !

in victuals.

t)\>^

baddna-t, corpulence.

u
^^^ baddha-t, buddha-i, pi. badd'ih, beginning; anything unexpected;
improvisation ii)W baddwa-t,
;

111
take,

t^.

readiness.

first

appearance
;

beginning

mushroom

baddwa-t, biddwa-t, desert life pi. baddwdt, efforts. j^jW baddiviyy, biddwiyy, referring to the desert inhabitant of the

anticipate; break forth suddenly improvise iv. rise over one and light his journey (sun, moon) administer with full powers (guardian the fortune of a ward); vi. hasten together, hasten up ( J\ ila) VIII. hasten surprise overtake,
; ;

anticipate.
)J^

desert. ^^^ badd'id, saddle-cloths, pi. of J^-^ biddd. (S\.M, hadd'i', new things, &c., pi. of
&>i} badi'a-t.
"ij^Jj

badd'ih, unheard-of things, pi. of to\Aj baddha-t.

badr, perfect state or condition budur, full moon disc mai badra-t, ture youth prince pi. bidar, full, fresh eye a weight pi. budur, bidar, milk(20 rati) bucket of lamb's skin.
pi.
; ;

^^ii baddya-t=^'ij\'^

baddwa-t, q.v. (c-^) badah, inp. badh, cut down, fell cleave ; beat do or say ex tempore, improvise communicate a secret (sj hi) ; not be able to carry the burden press
; ; ; ;

(jj>^) badraq, inf. badraqa-t, waste, squander v. be squandered.


;

i4;'i>

badriyy, rain before winter time fat ; partaker in the battle of Badr.
;

(gJj)

have an upon, be hard upon v. have an afaffected walk fected walk VI. throw at each other anything not hard.
;

bada', originate,

inf.

bad',
;

begin

dig
;


; ;

till

water

comes

produce, a well
badi',

INF. bada', grow fat badu', INF. badd'a-t, budii'a-t, be per;

a,

f^. bidh, pi. biddh, plain, spacious buduh, extensive place, square

incomparable ii. impute a new invention, an innovation,


fect,
;

of ^^. baddh; badah-an (adv.), openly, 5 badha-t, courtdistinctly yard. badah, badih, badtth, inf. (fe-^) badh, baddha-t, be in a high

and good lands,

heresy

to

(ace.)

anybody

pi.

U.JO

(m.) do anything extraordinary IV. be the first to do a thing cause a be original (poet) ; heresy excel in doing a thing leave in the lurch, abandon in

position

;
;

squander
\d.j^,

(m.)

be

proud

v. boast,

be proud.

C-M badh, pride

budahd',

(m.) dissipation. badih, pi. of ^.-^


;

ubdi', his need become disabled wards new things; duce new things;
; ;

v.

camel has turn toviii. pro-

x. consider

as new.
gJj
badi',
;

eminent, &c. exchange JJu badad, need, want power, ability badad-an, singly,
;
;

new

bid',

new, origi-

change bidad, bidda-t of portions;


;
;

dispersedly
'>^

by
;

way of exportions, pi. bklad-an, in

invention eminent man nal pi. abdd', budu', fleshy body


;

wonderful,
hud', pi. of

bidada-t, idols, &c.,

(_>A>)

of J*} budd. badar, u, inf. badur, badr, come quickly or unexpectedly upon {lJ\ ila) surprise break iii. inf. nrnforth suddenly ; bddara-t, biddr, hasten; overpi.
;

bid'a-t, pi. bida', anything new, innovation, heresy, schism oppression pig bida', pi. incomparable women. heretic. ^J^^. bid'atiyij, tyrant

&c.

incomparable JJ^ badi', wonderful,


;

ii

^^J>} bid'iyy, heretical.

it^) badig,

a, inf.

badag, pollute

; ; ;

; ; ; ;

112
one's self witli a crime inf. hadg, crack nuts and almonds, f ^V badg, shells of nuts or almonds ladig, polluted pi. hadignn, fat, strong. (J-M) badal, u, inf. badl, change,
;

budun
(^.>i>
,

and
;

q.v.

buddan,
6

pi.

of
pi.

badana-t,

in

(ajj)

budun, animal to be sacrificed Mecca according to a vow corpuiS badaniyy, bodily lent h badaniyya-t, corpu;

exchange, interchange mistake one thing for another badil, A, INF. badal, have pains in the hands and joints; ii. take or ingive in exchange change vert do one thing instead of another iii. inf. mtibddala-t hidctl, give in exchange iv. take in exchange change against (>-;-> bi) place a word in apposition V. accept in exchange exchanged, mistaken, alget
; ;

lence.

badah, a, inf. badh, come answer unexpectedly, surprise iii. or speak ex tempore
; ;

inf.

mubddaha-t,
;

pectedly

come
;

VI.

practise

visation together

uneximproviii. speak

ex tempore, improvise. 6J^ badh, budh, beginning.


(

jJj)

tered

(m.)
;

alternate,

relieve
;

one another change dress have pains in the hands


joints
;

or
;

J^

change

be interchanged X. demand an exchange accept in exchange.


;

wander
VII.

vi.

inter-

badd, V, commence, begin ; INF. badd' go into the desert INF. baddwa-t, living in the inf. badtv, buduivw, desert appear; inf. badi', badd'a-t, bad>v, badd', badd'a-t, occur sudbadi, A, INF. denly ; bada, iii. abound in mushrooms INF. mubdddt, transgress act
,
;

hadal,
;

bidl, pi. abdiil,


;

compen;

sation substitution equivalent exchange apposition requital generous, magnani; ; ;

mous

J-^^
;

'~*)f^

hari'ifi(-'l-

which are intergout in the 5 badbadil, gouty; la-t, (m.) complete suit of clothes vestment bidla-t, change of dress.
badal-i, letters

changed hand;

badal,

openly iv. show or do openly do for the first time go beyond measure show V. live in the desert show one's self, appear vi. imitate or resemble the inhabitants of the desert show openly
unjustly
; ; ;

show

mutual hatred.
j'i}

badw,
budu,',

pi.

desert of J^
;

beginning
bad'
;

of

inf.

(j-^), q.v.
uu^jjj

S.XJ

bvdala

substitutes, pi. of

JiJ>}

badil.

hadawdf, innovations;
fertile in

pi.

new opinions;
-nbadawdt,

uL^^i^ ^^

(yJj)

hadana-f, grow grow old


II.

badan, u, inf. badn, budn, hadvn, inf. hadti, baddn,


corpulent,
fat
;

new

ideas, inventive

tyrant.
C;-^
badi'i/i, mystical word written under the address of a letter, as an invocation for its safe

and weak

very rich
y.i>

clothe

be one with a

coat of mail.

arrival,

body, trunk; memlier entrenchment, rampart, wall short coat of mail relationship, race, family digpi. abdiin,
; ;

badan,

j;^ biidih; full moons, Ac, pi. of j^ badr, milk-buckets of lamb's


skin, pi. of
ij.^ badi-a-t.

(ij^) badd, inf. bady, badi, begin

nity

pi.

abdiin, old

mountain

IV.

goat; a lady's belt; pi. bndihi, old; badiii, old; stout, fat;

VIII.

go beyond measure begin appear.


;

v.,

O'*^ ba,diyy,

new

first.

;; ;;

fcS'J^

113

e^
minable blame
;

badih, pi. budahd', eminent in rank and dignity, 'ia-^ hadid, open plain; portman(4-*

; ;

contemn,
bazi',

despise

offer
;

no

food
bazi',

(pasture
bazu',

ground)

baza',

teau pi. saddle-cloth


;

hadd'id, abidda-t, equal, similar


;

INF.

badida-t, equal.

calamity
had',

desert

Qi^.

badl',

pi.

wonderful,

astonishing, rare ; incompatible inventor, discoverer ; creator

inf. mubdzdt, bizd', talk or act impudently, commit fornication, adultery. >Uj bazdz, 8 bazdza-t, bad condition; dirt (i>).
iii.
j^'i?

impudent

baza,

bazd'a-t,

be

bizdr, pi. of

j^

bizr,

seed

e^

CJ-M
;

badi' sani', the

Holy
;

bazdra-t,

bazdrra-t,

discovery 'alam albadi', art of fine style, rhetoric the human frame doubly twisted rope

Ghost ^.^\

invention,

squandering; dance descendants. (c^) bazah, A, inf. bazh,


;,

dissipation, buzdra-t, abunsplit,

new leathern
badi'a-t,
pi.

flask

fat

wound
use
ci>
;

peel,

inf. bazah, be

bada'i',

anything

skin baziJt, sore be of no


; ;

V. rain.

wonderful, new, unheard-of.


J?.-^

badil, pi. ahdcil, budald', substitute an upright, pious man


; ;

the seventy just ones. {^^ badin, pi. biidun, buddan, fat
pi.

and strong.
Wj>^ hadih-an, ij^j
;

buznh, split; hizh, or scar in the hand. bazlh, bizih=^. bahh, well (c-^) done bravo bazah, inf. buzi'ih, be high, proud bazih, A, INF. bazah, same meanings

bazh, pi.

wound

^^

'ala badih-in,
;

unexpectedly S ex tempore badiha-t, anything unexpected occurring thought, sally ex tempore speech improvisation (m.) beginning principle badiJiiyy, S , ex tempore, improvised unexpected (m.) from
; ; ;

V. id.

^
;

bazah, pride. (j^) bazar, v, inf. bazr, sow, scatter seed spread, preach push forth the seed (ground) ; II. sow, scatter ; spread
fc>^
;

about,
try,

promulgate; squander; tempt one; v. get foul

badihiyydt, unforeseen occurrences. ba?z, V, INF. bazz, bazim-t, (^)


;

principle, essential

pi.

conquer, overcome, overtake baziz. A, INF. bazaza-t, bazdz, bizdz, buzuza-t, be in a bad condition, be badly off; be old and dirty ; iii. inf. mubdzza-t, try to overtake ; viii. inf.
;

and yellow (water). j-ii bazir, sower, winnower chatabundant terer bazr, grain
; ;

of seed
bizdr,

descendants

pi.

buzur,
;

grain of seed buzur, blabbers, pi. oi j}k bazilr; 6 bazra-t, grain of seed child,
seed,
;

son.
(jjjj) bazraq, inf.
tect,

ibtizdz,

receive
;

one's
off

another
istibzdz,

cut

due from
x.

treat a thing claim it for one's self usurp possess exclusively follow one's own head. bazz, victory, conquest old, worn out; dirty; f. , bad, equal 8 bizza-t, bizz, equal ;
; ; ; ; ;

inf. by or

bazraqa-t, proescort protector, who bazraqa-t, protection, escorts


;

escort.
i^j-i?

buzurra,
baza'.
;

vain
INF.
i.

dissipated,
baz,
i.,

squandering.
(gju)

frighten drops.
(jCJij),

A,

iv.

drop,

fall

in

vcA>\

ibza'arr, inf.
;

ibzi'rdr,

portion, share. Q^.) baza', A, INF. baz\ find abo-

flee

and disperse
first.

try to reach

a thing

15

; ; ;

114

;; ;

jAj

^h

lazq, pi. hvzfiq, guide

small.

be truthful;
;

(;'^), ;i\^

ihxaqarr=fi>^ ihza'ar; remain separate (blood in water). (laiJj) hazqat, INF. bazqata-t, waste
(a.).

(J'i})

INF. 6nzZ, give abundantly ; give with one's own hands take pains, make efforts; V. do a thing one's self ; be not sparing with one's
bazal,
I,

u,

keep one's word ii. consider pious, or oath just, truthful, or proclaim any"ione to be so; justify; live on a continent, in benefit the country, in the desert;

IV.

accept as duly performed


another's
it
;

confirm
scribe to

live
;

oath, subor travel in

vi. waste dissipate give to each other; viii.=v. use a thing daily. iazl, giving for a present J'i} S h!:ht-t, every generous gift
; ;

own

have many chilcountry dren be numerous conquer justify V. be pious, obey God benefit each vi. one's self; other, act with piety towards viii. be separated each other
the
;
;

day

dress.
j>

from
prive.

one's

companions

de-

who promises without keeping his word. gJj^ bazlah, INF. bazlaha-t, promise without giving effect to the promise, ((i}) bazum, inp. hazoma-t, keep
fcS^ bizldk,

continent, shore, bank abrdr, beneficent, pious, charitable; just; truthGod faithfulness to one's ful
barr,
;

pi.

barara-t,

oath
piety

birr,

one's senses in anger. (^ bvzm, full senses

good
;

loving action

conduct, present

intellect
;

perseverance
fattiness
;

strength

skin

thickness.

(}^) bazu', V, INP. haza', hazii't, hazvj, talk ribaldry iv. same
;

meaning.
Sjjij buziiza-t,

bad condition.

j}^ bnzur,
;

secrets seed, &c.

pi. biizur,

who

blabs out
bcizr,

pilgrimage to truthfulnesss Mecca; paradise; heart; young birr, burr, inf. of (/) fox burr, pi. abrdr, wheat ; bur, bar', creation, creating; cure recovery liberation bura-t, pi. i^f. buran, birin, biiriyi, burdt, ring for the nose of a

htizih-, pi.

of jj}

camel
{\fi)

anklet.
a,

bara',

inf.

bar',

bvnV,

Jjjj haziral, libera], generous.

create;
bard'a-t,

^5^

haziyy,
pudent,
;

baz-aii,

impudence, ribaldry;
f.

guilt
bari',

bari',A,v, inf. bard', bnrfi', be free from


bara', inf. bvr',
b7irii'

i, pi. ahzlijati, im;

talking ribaldry without food. bazi', id. ' baziza-t, porhM baziz, equal tion, share bad portion, bad clothing; victory. slanderer; j^i^ j>jj 6a^ii-, blabber
;

inf.

bur',

biiri'i',

yij ka?ir Idzir, much, many. ^?.>iJ baziw, i-clf-]iossessed powerful i'oul (breath). larf, I bnfir, \, iNP. birr, (;>) act well towards God, parents, children make a pilgrimage be agreeable to God obey God INF. harr, birr, hurur,
; ;
;

debt; tabri'a-t, iii. inf. cause to mubdrdf, dismiss in a friendly and peaceable way (a companion, iv. a wife) iii. enter on the first or last day of the month; V. get acquitted of a debt or guilt take refuge to (^_^\ ila) for the take of acquittal vi. declare each other free from any obligation x. demand acquittal abstain from one's wife abstain enter on the
; ;

acquit; remit a recover


; ;

bar',

burx', recover; ii.

inf. inf.

; ;

; ;

115
the
first

or

last

day of

the

ij'^ji

birds,

deserts,

pi.

of
lips.

iy

month.

barsa-t.

barj\

bira', pi. of

^^
;

hari\ recovered

/t^j! biirdtim,
*'=1;}

having thick
;

bura, free,

guiltless;

bard'a-t, distinction

elegance.

abroad, in foreign countries outdoors, outside maker of bows knife for shaving; pen-knife; hiding; ;

INF. of (\;!) first or last day of a month; bird', bin-d', pi. of t5;i hari', pure, innocent, free; hurd\ shavings. &c., pi. of i-i\j) burdya-t ; barr-aii,

I*^^)i bard'im, mountain-heights. g^;> barrdg, cupper.


ki-:?c^;>

bardcfis,

fleas,

pi.

of

'^f'fi

barcjus.
tr-iO^;!

bardgis, pi. generous animals

barrd',

(camels). burdq, the v3^;}

bardt,

Mahomet ascended

animal on which to heaven barrdg, flashing, shining; f.


;

bar'dt,

pi.

burd',
;

a hunter innocence recovery zlmma-t, receij)t.


of
;

place

bard'a-t,

bard'a-t
lies,

i beautiful, handsome barrdqiyya-t, splendour, liancy.


cs)\)>

h
bril;

'^sAji

bardbik, tales, stories, pi. of i^>j) barbaha-t.


;
;

ua^j} bardt, letter

edict receipt;
;

diploma patent privilege assignment


;

sword-fish bardk-i bardk-i, courage take courage! (m.) barrdk, miller h burdkiyya-t, a kind of ship.
birdJc,

pi. biirJc,
;

blessing

burdt,

noses of
of
pi.
*si>lj>
iji

camels

bura-t

rings for the anklets, pi.

'^\j>

birdhV,
;

pi. bard'ik,

endurance

in battle

kneeling down.

burrd-t, birrd-t,
hills.
;

good actions. bardtik, pi. low

(JV) bur'al, INF. bar'ala-t, bristle up the feathers of the neck


(cock in fighting) same.
f>\i
;

ii.,

ix.

the

c\;J

bardh, clear, distinct evil large desert ; cV J*^^ habil bardh, lion, hero cV -^ '* bardh, certainly, at once, im; ;

birdm, kettles,
;

ma-t

burdm,
a

pi.

of

pi.

a,.^} bnrabrima-t,

mediately
sun.
i^jt

bardh-i

sheep-louse.

(birdh-i),

5 burdd, cold ; inf. of (iji) burdda-t, chips, shavings, tilings barrdda-t, vessel for cooling
;

&Mj> bardmika-t, the Barmakides, pi. of o^j? barinakiyy.


iA>\^

bardnik,

kind
t)^^;*

dresses, pi. of

of black barnakdn,

baratikdn.
^J\j>

watering-place. yjjl;} bardzin, slow beasts of burden, &c., pi. of tj;j;> barzun. ji;\;> bardra-t, innocence. bardri, deserts, pi. of hji (4;!;}
;

water

bardniyy, pots, &c., pi. of ^ji barrd)iiiiy,e\terna,\; barniyya-t; foreign forged (^coin).

A&^^>

bardhini,
pi.

f4*>V

bardhima-t,

of

(*\;!\

bardhim, i ibrdhim,
bardhima-t,

)^;}

barriyya-t. bardz, vast plain

Abraham.
birdz,
;

hu-

y,*Ci\^

man excrements
forth
si'^ji
;

sallying bardza-t, inf. of {)}'.)


;

stool

bardhman, Brahmin. .
(Jjtj>

pi.

(^*a>\^

iJ'jV bardzlq, semblies; by-paths, pi. of


barzig^.

bardxiq,

as^>>j;}

of

k^/
uiX^ji

bardhin, arguments, &c., pi. hurhdn. bardyd', creatures, pi. of iiji


\^\}

'^\jt

bardsd', troop of people, people, number of men.

bariyya-t, bard'ik, pi. of

bardkd',

q.v.
Jfl;(

(*"U(

i^^\ji

burdsim, sharp-sighted. burdsin, staring at.

burd'il, iji\)i buraila,

feathers

of

the neck

small plants

''}>

;; ;

116

h^j>

)>\

ahu-hurd'il,

^ lurd'iliyy,

cock.

hurdya-t, pi. hura', shaving, chip, paring fat endurance on


; ;

i^fji bursut-at, dangerous place. have eyes, {tf.) barij, a, inf. baraj, the white of which is visible all

a long journey.
_)^;)

round the black; have and drink in abundance

food
;

harbdr,

murmuring,
;

clattering,

crying out lion. ij->^ji birbds, deep well.

well ; II., XV. build a tower v. II. predict from the stars; display one's self in adornment

look

(^^) harbah,

pi. hardbih, earthen water-pipe water-duct ; urinary canal from the kidneys ; sink,
;

(woman
sy haraj,
face;
biirvj,

to men).

of a INF. of (e;);
pi. abrdj,

handsome
iwrj, pl-

sewer, ^y^js harbahtiyy, chameleon. (a*) io-i^bar, INF. barbara-t, bleat be clamorous, noisy (m.) mur;

castle;

tower, abrija-t, abrdj, stations of the zodiac;

angle

support
.

supreme power.

Wy

mur, grumble.
j>ji

barbar,

pi.

native of Barbary birbir, i , bleating of sheep burbur, i , clamorous, noisy; 4^ barbariyy, the same ; h barbariyya-t,
; ;

bardbir,

bardbira-t,

of E;}^ ahraj, having beautiful eyes. A=.j3 burjud, pl. bardjid, garment of a coarse material, or, by oppobarjd', f
sition, a fine

(^ji)
if^^fi)

garment. inf. barjam,

speak

rudely.

Barbary.
(ij^.)i)

barbae, inf. barbasa-t, seek, look for ; 11. walk like a dog ;

walk
(w*^)
(Is?;})

lightly,

softly

pass

quickly.
barbae,

inf.

water the

ground abundantly.
barbat, pi. bardbit, lute, harp,

barbak, inf. s , cheat tell (m.) barbaka-f, pi. bardbtl;, deceit fable, story, jy^ burbur, jjearl-wheat. (kij,>) barat, a, inf. bart, cut; barit, a, inf. barat, be astonished, perplexed, confused ; S burta-t, skill, cunning. yUu^ bortnqdn, orange, (cdjjj) bartah, firmly insist. J\^y bortuhdl, orange. {^js) baris, a, inf. baras, live in ease and enjoyment.
(ci};})

stories

'i

ij>

bars,

pi.

birds,

abrds,
;

buriis,

bardrls,
hill
;

good soft ground good guide.


,

sand;

(Uy) barsat, inf. stay at home ascend a mountain sit with


;

burjum, burjuma-t, pl. bardjim, middle joint of a finger middle finger knuckle. {j'-^iA-ji birjis, planet Jupiter. burdh, show the {Cf-) barah, inf. left side coming from the right V, inf. bark, be angry ; barih. A, inf. bardh, leave, discontinue ; sojourn in the desert become manicome to light II. cause pain and fest iv. astonish, please trouble do marvels honour ; injure V. be grieved. S bark, misfortune, evil C)i burha-t, pl. burah, excellent shecamel. U-jj buraM', greatest calamity paroxysm disorder grief. ^_^Ji barha, well hit barh, increase abundance tji cheapness ; power thinness, weakness cut of a sword II. barrah, submit humbly. ^Ji.U.J} barkds', confusion. burahdd-t, delicate, fleshy i\^.ji
;


; ;

crossed legs (in Oriental fashion),


squat.
i^jt

woman.
(>iji)

bursun, pi. bardsin, fleshy part of the paws paw ; hand.


;

barad, u, inf. bard, be cold, make cold or freeze; sleep ; die inf. htrdd, burud,
freeze,
;

;;; ;

;;; ;

115'

if-

be weak, ill; dry up, get lean, thin be blunt cool with water put collyrium on the send as file kill eye beat a messenger be incontestable
; ;

(c**;?)

bardah,
;

complete
polished
t^}i burzaj,
;

I, 6

ii.

smooth, polish get smoothed,


;

be refined, civilised.

hail

be

inf. burfcda-t, cold be incontestable ii. cool, abate (n.) (pain) ; abate (a.) refresh assuage iv. III. treat one coldly bring anything refreshing give enter anything cold to drink into the coolness of evening
;
;

barud,
;

weaken

send as a messenger V. refresh one's self; take a vi. abate (n.) cold bath viii. treat each other coldly pour cold water upon one's self refresh one's self by a cold drink x. find cold.
;

iji

baracl, pi. burild, hail

bar

roar of a lion, (gj;?), ibranza, be ready, ^jjj barza'a-t^-i^-if. barda'a-t. (oV) barzan, inf. overcome, conquer not be able to answer from exhaustion walk as a beast of burden. birzaun (burzi'in), pi. (^A^ji (^}^}i bardzhi, slow beast of burden pack-horse Turkish horse. 6yj barara-t, pi. of j^ bdrr, innocent, &c. baraz, inf. buruz ; bariz, A, inf. ( j;>) baraz, go into the open plain ; appear show forth (n.) issue baruz, inf. bardza-t, be abstemious, virtuous II. make come
, ; ; ;

cold,

hailing
(s.
;

(cloud)
adj.)
;

bard,

id,

forward

cold

and
;

sleep, rest

spittle

al-barddn, morning and evening burd, , pi. burild, abrud, abrild, striped garment,

upper

garment
;

locust, &c.)

war
pi.

a (of burd fdhir, burud, messengers, &c.,


;

wing

fi-^ J;?

barld; barada-t, barada-t, barda-t, indigestion hail- stone middle of the eye burad, striped pi. burda-t, curtain ; cloak upper garment
of
Jii^
;

others in swiftness save his master by go to his swiftness (horse) stool ; III. inf. mubdraza-t, step forward for a single combat ; fight a duel ; provoke IV. make come forward, publish take pure intend a journey
;

make known surpass virtue and bravery, in


; ;

of a dervish. \'ij> buradd', shiver of an ague. birduh, polish, finish, comfcW;} pletion (m.). y^J;} barddn, cold, freezing. k\<>f. burddya-t, curtain, E^j} bardaj, prisoner (Pers.)
(y0;) birdis,

vi. come V. go out gold forward against each other for a single combat separate from the crowd to seek one's comx. cause panion (mutually) or wish anyone to come forward, anything to appear, venerable j^ barz, intelligent moderate one who goes forth 5 barza-t, open tract of land
; ; ;

respectable

matron

summit

steepness

mountain
birza-t,

haughty

repugnant,

uglyicjy barda'tt't, pi. barddi', saddle^iy. barcloth, pack-saddle


;

look, aspect. ^\)ji. birzdg^t)}'- burzug, q.v. interval {t')/) barzah, pi. bardzi/p,

da'iyy, maker of such. bardiyy, papyrus ; ^J^iJ>

wing

burdiyy, of the locust bardiyya-t, a kind of dates ; cold fever, ague.

branch

isthmus medium barrier time between death and resurabyss, depth tomb rection the Holy Ghost,
; ;
;

y>>;>

birdis^ ij-'^ji birdis.

bed, couch, liveliness, sprightli(gj^) burzug, ness ; well-grown fellow.


(icjji) barza'a-t,

; ;

118
tj'

J;

(Jj;^) burzal,
t}j}i
^j-ii
i3?.};i

heavy man.

burzi!ij=^j,^ hurzug. barziyy, venerable.


birziq,
pi. haroziq,

assembly

water the shave the head iv. ground before tilling it; render a leper; have a leprous v. child; cure from leprosy;
;

by-path.
i:fi)ji

cup of palm-tree wood. (ij->]i) baris, A, INF. haras, be hard on a debtor level and ii.
birzin,

(jO;?

ij-y!

soften the around. opiate


;

bars,

hirs, bars, skill

graze entirely off. bars, baras, white leprosy; camel-louse; biirs, pi. of y^;!^ s hirasa-t, pi. abras, leprous; biirsa-f, poisonous lizards pi. birds, dwelling-place of the

of a guide.

demons,

genii.

^/

barsd', troop,

number
;

of people.

^'ji

barsd',
;

grazed

off;

shining
;

f>X-;>

birsdm, pleurisy

headache.

(l*~')>),

pass, pleurisy.

hursini, suffer

from

(^)i) baras, spot on the nail; burs, pi. abras', piebald ix. ibrass, inf. ibrisds, be piebald 6 bursa-t, spot (of a horse). barns', INF. bars, fade (J^'y))
;

(colour).

gU^

birs'd'

= ^ji

hin'i'.

of i^j>\ abras, leprous baris, burasd', pi. of ^j> shining leprous. (>j^]i bars tun, leathern case for flasks, &c. i^f) barad, u, inf. bard, be little or few flow scantily i, v, INF. bard, give little inf. biirud, just sprout forth, so that the species cannot yet be recog-

white

|.U^ birsdm, sharp-sighted eye. yU.^ barsdn, people of the same creed hursdn, wafer, holy wafer, host. <.t~&^> 6iVi'<, soft-boiled egg (Pers.). i , tear with the Q^f:) bars'at, inf.
;

quantity satisfied with little anything piecemeal; the edges of the lips.
in
i^f.

nised sprouts
;

II.,

IV.

produce such
;

v.

be

receive
sip

with

teeth. (j&ji) birsi', tall

and stout
;

head-

strong
foolish.
(^jAjj)

malicious
inf.
i

stupid,

birdd, burdd, abrdd, driblet ; barda-t, a little water. v>^;> bartds, pi. bardtis, sill (m.).
pi.

bard,

little,

barsaq,
;

cut

into
;

beat with a whip pieces III. inf. ibrinsdq, rejoice (n.) blossom expand (flower). s^;j barsak, inf. s , divide and place separately. (l**'ji) bar.Him, inf. ', show one's grief in the face frown mark with dots of different colours and birsdm, fix one's INF. , look at a thing {^\ ila). ((Aj3) bars'atii, inf. i, brush (m.). j>^ burs urn, veil for the face.
;

iu-^f) bartas, inf. S, let beasts of burden. {&j>) barta', inf. S be agitated, moved, in emotion. Jt;?) bartal, inf. give a present ( to the judge, bribe ii. accept a bribe allow one's self to be bribed.
, , ;

ii

I^; tree.

barsdm, a high kind of palm-

i*tAji barsima-i,
(ji^jt)

brush (m.).
inf.

high cap; S bartala-t, uuder-cap bartuJla-t, small sun-shade. (^j>) bartam, inf. , stammer; swell with anger provoke to anger be very dark ii. get angry at a speech. fJ'^i bartam, stammerer. (yj! birtinn, trunk (of an elephant,
Jt;} bartid,
;

baris,

a,

baras

(also

&c., m.).

used in the pass.), be a leper; II. render similar to a leper;

^^ barfih, melon.
(;)

bara',

inf. burn',

hari'

and

; ;

ti>

119
lion

J;

haru',

INF. bard'a-t, surpass others in knowledgre, virtue, beauty, <S:c. ; be perfect conquer, vanquish; ascend a moun;

give as a present, bestow benefits of free will. (J^;?) hur'ul, the young of the hyena or jackal. (^;>) bar'am, inf. , i., ii. bud
;

tain

V.

diflScult for (sj bi) ; lighten threaten be struck by lightning; cause to flash adorn one's self desist unveil the face track a wild animal. sif. baraq, pi. abrdq, birqdn, burqdn,

be too

IV.

pi.

forth.
ft^ji

lamb, ram; fear, fright; barq, buruq, lightning; brilliancy, flash buraq, necessary busi;

bur'itm,
i
;

6
,

pi.

bar'ilm,

bud,
;

flower

rose

hard'im, (>jBj> chalice of a pi. bard'hn,

ness, pi. of iiy biirqa-t


pi.
;

mountain heights.
t/-**^ bir'is=ij-'iA}i bargh. {t}>) barg, spittle, drivel.
tji

African lizards S barqa-t, confusion (m.) pain in the loins; burqa-t, pi. buraq, urgent business bad ground.
; ;

burq,

ifeji;?

barqafia-t, ugliness.

barig, a, inf. barag, live in ease

liifji

and enjoyment.
>^-^^

(u^/)
S 6
,

bargas, inf.
;

full of fleas

have

fleas,

be

bargasa-t, ash-

plum (m.). barqas, inf. 6 be variegated separate (n.) paint gaudily, adorn bungle set to
birqaruq,
, ; ;

colour. fy. bargvz, malicious. ibragass, inf. iLT^j)) bargas, fly


;

recover from an illness or wound and be able to walk again. (J^;}) burgvl, pearl-wheat. j^j? bargal, inf. , live in a place near water, or between cultivated land and the desert.
ibrigs'ds,

gaudily (m.) be piebald. tA*y birqis, ijr^^j> y^ abil bardqii, i barqasa-i, confusion finch
'ala)
;

(^

ii.

be

adorned
;

being piebald.
Q=^yt)

barqat, inf. make short steps turn round in running disperse (a.) speak without
, ; ; ;

(ii^jj) burgiis, pi. bardgis, flea.

bargiyy, pi. bardgi, screw. (tr*;0 birgis, patient ; not losing pi. bardgis, geneone's head ; rous camels. J^i;? birgil, pi. bardgil, country near water or between cultivated ground and desert. fiiji birfir, purple. (ii;0 baraq, v, inf. barq, buruq,

^j>

order ascend a mountain sit in Oriental fashion ii. fall on the back of the head get mingled in pasturing. i!=*;j barqata-t, short step. veil; cover (^f.) barqa', inf. i one's animal; hit on the ears;
;

^^.

one's burqu', seventh heaven burqa', burqu', bardqi\ a lady's which allows only the eyes to be seen curtain
II.

veil

self.

birqi',

pi.

veil,

wink, burqdn, flash, lighten bariq, inf. barq, threaten be brilburqdn, shine, glitter adorn one's liant ; rise (star)
;

burqu'a-t,

mark by branding

self

inf.
;

barq, buruq

bariq,

(camel). barqal, inf. , lie; lighten without raining. barqi'J, pi. bardqii, worn-out \J'')'f.
(Ji;3)

A, INF. baraq, stare

from fear

burst through the heat (leathern II. adorn one's self or pipe) one's house open the eyes wide and look sharp; undertake a

gyy

shoe, barqu',

burqu', violent burqu' =^)>. burqa', veil.

^3yy burqiiq, birquq, apricot, yellow

plum.
J->i;j birqil,

long journey

persist in rebel-

ballista, cross-bow.

; ;

; ;

*^}>

120
ill-tempered vii. twisted ; be fixed.
;

(usJy) baraJc, v,
;

inf. huruJc, tabruk,


;

be

firmly

kneel stand firm (m.) be obliged to remain, not be able to get away sit down rain continuously exert one's self ir. kneel down; make kneel down (m.) cause to remain say a blessing be miller III. INF. muharaka-t, carry on a thing (i^ 'ala) assiduously
; ;

make bappy pray for iv. make the camel kneel down v. be blessed,
bless,

(i^ 'ala)
;

baram, pi. dbrdm, toil, grief; unripe miser trouble-feast grapes mountain summits barim, unbearable (person) biirm, rope 6 barma-t, turn, burm, twist pi. burma-t, buram, birdm, stone vessel for cooking; kettle. o^/ barmakiyy, pi. bardmika-t,
(;
;
;

Barmakide.
J?*;} bar mil, pi.

bardmU, cask (m).

be

hope for blessing, happiness, or good luck congratulate one's self insist on (>_> bi) VI. be praised and hallowed (God) accept as a good omen

happy

^^;? barndsd', man. ij^ji baranta, ill-tempered, peevish.


'sl.Ty
^j!

baranjik, gauze, crape (Turk.).

fortunate viii. place the chest on the ground for the rider to mount (camel) fight on one's knees rush forlean over one's work ward carry on assiduously pour out much water rain continuously
blessed,
; ; ; ; ;

sword ; birand, birind, old glitter of a sword. (ij^ji) burnus, i>l. bardnis, a kind ii. tabarnas, of hood prince
; ;

put on a burnus.
^^~^j>.

barnasd Q-^f. barnasd), man. a black garment (Pers.).

(j^ji barnakdn, barankdn, pi. bardnik,


^Jf.

blessed
insult
; ;

X.
*

blessed, find baraka-t, pi. bara-

be

kdt, blessing,

happiness
;

dance

fertility
;

abunbirka-t,

kneeling down upper part of the chest a striped stuff pi. birak, pond, fountain-basin milk-pail milking burka-t, pi. burak, abruk, birkan, hurkan, duck frogs persons of rank
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

barraniyy, external, foreign ' barniyya-t, pi. bardniyy, pot, vessel of earth or glass, jar young cock. ^^)i burnaita-t, pi. bardnit, hat (m.).

(3t;;^

barniq,

hippopotamus

bir-

niq, a mushroom. (Sy) barih, a, inf. barah, burhdn,


;

mud

tax-gatherers. y^> birkan, pi. of iif. burka-t, q.v. burkdn, volcano (m.). (C^y) iarka', inf. cut, cut off
; ;

tax

throw on the ground down.


(fj>)

ii. fall

strength have white body iv. proffer a convincing proofs or arguments, get the better by arguments. iSy barah, delicacy of the skin; S barlia-t, biirJia-t, length fat
recover, regain
;

baram, inf. barm, fix, make firm; twist a rope tight; (m.) turn round, roam about ; barim, a, inf. baram, be illtempered, peevish; be embarrassed II. turn to and fro make ill-tempered iv. (a.) twist the rope doubly make firm ; render ill-tempered ; importune by questions v. be

of time. ^y> harhd, skin.

f.

of

Sjj^

abrah, white of

yU^ burhdn, pi. bardhin, argument, demonstration, proof, evidence


;

clear

sign
;

leader burhdniyy, demonstrative decisive convincing. (^^/) barahraha-t, handsome and


; ; ;

decision prince, inf. of (;>) ^^


; ;

lively, bright.

;;

121
(/*;)

<sf.

harham,

ila.) ; * barhama-i, (o'^ himia-t, flower-bud.

inf.

stare at bur-

or
soil
;

wife

find

cover sugar
self;

with dust canes v.


;

present
self;

(:>*;>
pi.

barahman,

.^^ttj,

harahinaiul,

one's
VI.
;

free

one's

bardhima-t, Brahman. (O^ji) barhan, INF. S, bring forth strong arguments, convincing proof ; testify ii. dejnon;

emulate

imitate
vii.
;

each other, be smootlied


;

(arrow, Ac.) be made or mended (pen) be emaciated present one's self; bo ready; viii.

strate, argue be proved, demonstrated ; S barhana-t, de;

monstration. ^j^y. barahnt, burlinf, pit of the

damned
(;j})

be smoothed x. examine, spy out reconnoitre. Ci;! bar-an, earth, dust buran, rings for the noses of camels,
; ; ;

smooth

souls.

111.

of

ij>

bura-t
;

bariyy,
;

bard, u, I^fF. hiAvw, smoothe, plane, shave create put a ring through the nose of a
;

smoothed,
free
;

planed acquitted, bari' pi. harinn, buraW,


,

bird', abrd', iltri'd,


'a-f, pi.

camel.
}ji

burn',

recovery

deliverance,
pi. of

pure,
pi.

burd', f. baribarid-t, bariyydt, bardyd, guiltless, innocent, free;

rescue.
'^^if-

barawdf, diplomas, &c.,


bardt.
buriij,

""\;?
S)}i

towers,

&c., pi. of

Sji

biirj.

bar Ah, passing from the right to the left. J;;? bar Ad, cold cooling burud, ; striped garments, &c., pi. of >>;> burd inf. of (J;>), q.v. dulness buruda-t, coolness
t}ji
;

hiri!', recovered, cured burra, friendly word barriyy, rustic, wild; continental; country, man, native external, foreign ; level; S fearya-/, making of a pen; bariyya-t, pi. bariyydt, bardyd, creature, people ; bar;

riyya-t, pi. bardri, desert.


>^^_;? bari'dt,
i.s-j;>

ii

coldness
_)j/

buritr,

dulness. faithfulness

bariyydt, see ^j^i bari'. bardrit, desert birrit, prudent guide or leader plain.
barrit,
pi.
;

to

one's

oath.
3;;?

getting known, becoming evident, INF. of (j;!). ^J'})! burud, pi. of ijo;! bard, a little INF. of (i>y).
burilz,
;

bad omen; umm j~).f. f^ crow calamity. iif. barld, pi. burud, ready messenger courier express J-i
^.f. barlh,

barih,

hailu-'l-barid, relay horses; ^.y^\ 1-=^ sdhibu-'l-lxtrid, jwst^.)^\

t))<
(jjy}

bur A', perfection.


;

master; a measure= 16 English


miles.
vjoj^

burAq, lightnings, &c., j)l. of inf. of {t3j>), q.v. x3y. barq >^y> burnk, kneeling, inf. of ('^^f) sweetmeat made of dates and butter ; troops of camels, etc., i pi. of '^ji barh; barwaha-t,
;

u~!;> harts, piebald. htrt^, pi. bura^d',

leprous;
^.j>

bunds:,

jsi,f.

shining; ahd ^}.


harl'a-t,

buraif, lizard.
bari',

excellent,

f.

female hedge-hog.
^jj> barulcd',

handsome and witty (woman).


;

endurance
i,

kneeling.

vjj;?

(tsy) bara,

bar-an, bary, plane, shave make or mend a pen; emaciate (a.); (m.) tear bj use; III. inf. mubdrdt, imitate compete separate in a
inf.
;

^_sf.

brig

bariq, brilliancy

inf. of

jy)
pi.

(m.)

hariqd-t,

bard'iq,

milk with butter; light;

ning, flash
^i}>

brilliancy. barik, pi. burk, blessed with abundance; barik and barika-t,

peaceable

way from

a partner

dates with butter

brig
16

(m.).

';

; ;

0;>

122
hizdj,

/j;}

pearls,

harim, twisted string of motley amulet &c.


; ; ; ;

boast;
i,

VI.

contest

fo

glory.

crowd

army

mixed
;

herd

(cjO

bazah,

inf. hazh, take the

al-harimdn, liver and hump of the camel 6 harima-t, harrias a dish screw. ma-t, borer cork-screw burin, pi. of 8/ hura-t; t>>;J harrma-f, birrina-t=i*lf> harima-t. <^j> huraih, huraihim, little
;

dawn

suspicious

merchandise without weighing ii. show ones or measuring; vi. desist. self submissive chest. C)! bazah, hump on the

>)>

bazd, scabbard.
bazar,
;

(ji)0

i,

inf. bazr, beat

sow
fill
;

^y

)j>

(a field)
II.

blow the nose


;

Abraham.
(ji)

;}

hazz, V, capture, rob, plunder INF. hazz, hizzizd, conquer, vanquish VIII. INF. ihtizdz, take from by violence, rob. bazz, fine linen; silk; clothing; superiority armour drapery victory end inf. of (^>)
; ;

; ;

sprout make ears (corn) lay eggs grain (ear) v. descend from (silk-worm) the Banu Bazra.

grow

,
;

bazr,

bizr,

pi.

buzur,
abdzir,

seed,
silk-

grain of seed

egg of the
;

worm;
for
\y.

pi.

abzlr,

; ;

seasoning

herbs descendant
has

mucus.
bazrd',

hizz,

pi.

bosom
pipe
;

;
;

abzdz, nipple bizdz, (m.) mouth-piece of a 6 bizza-t, rich robe of


;

woman who

many

honour
)>\y.

garb form, figure.


buzdhiz,

arms, armour
;

agile, active

strong

children. armour. 3j? bazaz, arms, hand(gj>) hazu', inf. hazi'a-i, be some, witty, and well bred ; be inf. baz', inpert, saucy

but not brave. E^j> hizdj, boast, swagger.


Sj'^^y

bazddira-t,

falconers,

pi.

of of

j^jjVj

hdzddr.
seller

jV>

bazzdr,

of

linseed,

grain.
j^j>

hazzuz,

linen-draper,
;

merchant
trade.
g\;>

draper

be handsome, well bred be rife, rampant threaten (danger), bazag, u, inf. baz'j, bleed (g)?) bazg, inf. with a lancet buzug, be on the point of rising peep push (tooth of a camel)
crease
; ;

V.

hizdza-t,

linen

forth.
gj> bazrj,

husd',

active

good well brought up.


bazd'a-t,
i3\)i

S servant breeding, being


;

lancet,

(jij?) buzgiir,
(

jj!) bazaq,

ground;
(sun)
; ;

bitzdq, spittle, saliva.


bizdl,

malicious. inf. bazq, sow the spit; throw out; rise


v,
6

hazqa-t,

spittle,

J\j!

huzdl,

bung

bungpi.

saliva.

hole.
l\-f.

^;? hazaqd, quick walk.


falcons,

huzd-t,
hdz.

hawks,

of

(Jj>)

jV)
(;fj>.)

bazbaz, inf. , urge on; walk fast; take to flight; move about much and quickly conciliate
; ;

tap bazal, u, inf. bazJ, split cut clarify the wine a cask split tap ii. off decide v. split (u.) tap; clarify;
; ;
;

vii. S]ilit (n.),

get split;

;
;

vill.

disquiet

steal,

rob

throw

open
J;> bitzl,

(n.)

tap

bid to broach

away.
yyi biizbuz, agile, active. (CjO hurjij, V, INF. ha::j,
irritate
II. ad<.irn

clarify.

goat.

Ijoast
;

against
;

(^Lc

'ala)

5j;

III.

INF. nuib'tznja-f,

good idea or advice niisfurtuue; S^ iJai- hatta-i hazld', the line butween good and evil.
hazld',

; ; ;

; ;

t}'-

123
the call bas! bas! decoy goats to the water vii. be sent out ; dissolve (n.).
;

(()?)

bazam, with the


;

i,

ir, inf. hazm, bite carry a fore-teeth


;

by

; ;

burden for a long time; milk a camel draw the bow-string with fore-finger and thumb
;

u~) 6ass,

demand, request
;

power;

strength
biss,
6

work, labour

rob resolve rudely break


; ;

IV.

give

firmly speak into pieces


; ;

sufficiency,
bissa-t,

enough

zeal
bass,

pi. bisas,

domestic

VIII.

pass the day in

(particif>le or aorist).
Ij}

cat. (V^>) basd', basi, a, inf. bas', basa',

hazm,

word
ma-t,

firm resolution break, rupture


;

harsh

basd',

busiV,

become
;

baz-

meal

weight
S
,

of

10

dirham. (fc^>0 bazmah, inf.


(}^)

be proud.
on.''s

i, inf. intimate with (v* bi) has', busiV, get accustomed to make iv. despise (v bi) familiar, accustom.
; ;

familiar,

bazd,

tS)>

baza, v, inf. bazw,

(3;'W

hasdtiq, pottery, &o., pi. of

be in equal
;

equilibrium, be raise one's self

*j>j" ! bcistaqa-t.

(ijl*

'ala)

another
to,
;

above accustom

yrr'^ ! basdtin, gardens, pi. of y^-~

bustdn.
j_3V'^ ! basdtiniyy, gardener.
iij^_}

one's

self
(s->

with
INF.

hi)

become familiar overcome by force

and carry

off;

bisdra-t,

summer-rain.

bazd,

v,

bazi,

baz-an, be hump-chested be one's equal in (v bi) overcome by force and carry off;

IV.

wrong; give the suck; boast make long strides


;

vi.

of

iL-! bassdsa-t, Mecca. LL-! basdf, v.ist plain; open country bisdf, pi. large pot surface mat, cai-pet, busut, covering, bust, busut, pi. hist, cushion she-camels with sucking foals
; ;

things one has not got. bazw, in equilibrium with others, jj) equal to others. impulsive(^^ji bazawdn, attack ness, impetuosity. seed(4y)} bazdv'yy, greengrocer merchant.
; ;

basdla-t, free talk,


;

ness

simplicity

ingenuous^^

hisdtiyy,

pedlar, shopkeeper (m.). ^jVj huslq, spittle. ^ JU.> basal, bisdl, see ( J-~0 basdla-t, bravery, prowess, heroism contempt of death.
;

t)ji bazilg,

sunrise. bazul, pi. buzul, camel 9 years Jjjjj cornerits of age (pushing

|.V~.!

bassdm,
1

who

smiles much.

(jrtL

basbds, fennel.

((_,^.-->)

basbas, inf.
set
!

tooth). ts)> baziyy, foster-brother. ^.^ baztj, thankful. ^5j>j? bizziza, victory, conquest.

fast

quickly to
bas
!

the call bas


flow.
(_;~i.-)

walk very decoy by ii. endure

,
; ;

g)}

bazi',

agile ; (y~>) bass, u, INF. bass, drive

wide awake impudent.

eloquent
the

basbas, desert; viour or talk.

silly

beha-

yU~^

bustdn,
;

camels
baal
cattle,

bas

slowly on by the call ! prepare or eat the


basisa-t;

(Pers.)

bustdniyy, gardener.
gardener;

pi.

basdtin,

garden

digti i__j-i^

send

out

gsj bastoj, frankincense. (ty:-.!) bistar{, she-camel with foal.


(^iv.;) bastaq, servant.
(ji^;i_}

goods, scouts, to different demand ; exert one's countries pass, be crushed, sink, self become dust (the mountains) IV. drive on or decoy camels
; ;

bustaqdn,

field-

watch.
^a,;*-! bustanjiyy, pi. bustanjiyya-t,

gardener.

;; ; ;

>

W
;

124
Aij~_} hastiiqa-t, pi. basdtiq, earthen-

extension;

(m.)

pedestal;

tS
;

ware
(;

water- jug.
v, inf. precipitately
hasr,
;

bastiyy, seller of !~J bast, q.v.

i> hiissa?, coral (Pers.).

h hasfiyya-t, pleasure, amusedo


or the
;

>)

hasar,

ment.
((3-~i)

hastily,

do

basaq, v, inf. basq,


busiiq,
;

spit

demand

anything before proper time (also iv., v., viii.)

inf.
II.

make
;

surpass be high long keep waiting


;

begin, commence (s-> bi) subdue, offer violence inf. basr, basiir, show a severe face, frown pass, have piles iv. see i. press unripe dates stop, stick fast (ship) gel v. see i. benumbed be cold viii. see begin, commence (s-" 61) get I.
;


; ; ;

a long time

Ji-}

buskiil,

importune molest. the hindmost horse


;

in a race.

(J_j) basal, V, inf. basl, blame, reproach hasten, urge on take shut l^iecemeal and by degrees inf. biisiil, be forup allow
; ; ; ;

benumbed
pass,
)-~i

bidden
be of

subdue
;

oppress

basul,
; ;

grow thick (milk, &c.)

change (colour). water first beginning busr, dates beginning to


basr, cold
;

inf. basdia-t, basdl, severe looks, courageous,


;

ripen fresh

refreshing rain S busra-t, tender busura-t, pi. busur, busurdt, date beginning to ripen rising sun
;

pi. bisdr,

and

11. loathe brave, terrible III. inf. mubdsala-t, attack with iv. outflank an enemy ; fury forbid offer as a pledge give
;

first germ glass beads. (k~j) basat, V, inf. bast, spread stretch out or open the hand
; ;

a commission, charge with (J It devote one's self to or y-> bi) cook or death or destruction v. frown dry unripe dates defy be avoided, shunned
;
;

cheer, rejoice (a.) hold (as a room) be large enough render more excellent, bolder accept basuf, overcome an excuse one's own timidity, get bolder
; ; ;

danger
;

viii. receive one's ; devote one's self to death fee (also X.).

>

basal, yes, so it is
;

II. spread; mubdsata-f, be without timidity speak out freely receive anybody with v., joy VII. be extended, long; wander far, travel; be without timidity, put off restraint VII. be cheerful, merry, rejoice, divert one's self make too free with (^J^ 'ala).
;
;

severe-looking bold ; basl, forbidden, and, by opposition, lawful repulsive haste violence, severity blame imprisonment, prison torture IL-j %~i basl-an basl-an. Amen!
; ; ; ; ; ; ;

basil,

Amen
%^\
f

iJ

!X>

basl-an
tva

la-hu,

!L-i
!

to

him

basl-an

asl-an,

woe

busl, busul, pi. of


;

Is>

bast,
;

f}"^)

ment
busut,
busdt,

spreading, &c., inf. of joy; cheerfulness amuseintoxicating paste of hemp


; ;

bdsil, bold, itc. busla-f, fee of the snake-charmer.

and tobacco
pi.

bist, i bisfat, bust,

X~> busald', &c.

pi.

of J-Vj

bdsil,

bold,

absdf,

hisut,

bisdt,

(,>) basam,

i,

inf.

basm

(also v.

camel with sucking foal on the pasture open liberal


of extensive, &c.
pi.
;

and

VIII.), smile.

busvt,
(a-t,
;

I*~i bism, for iU\

^1

bi'smi-'l-ldh-i,

la~~!

basit,

wide,

basfa-t, bvs;

deep knowledge distinction largeness and abundance

God. J*-~> basinal, inf. S pronounce the above words; basmala-t, invocation of God.
of

in the

name


(>-.

;; ; ;

; ;

125
;

e^
(;Aj)

(t>-~)

hasan, beautiful

hence

iv.

ahsam, be beautiful.
))i basur, severe-looking, grim lion; husur, inf. of (j~-i).

^y^

growth; inf. of (i3~}). 8 baska-t, (,/*? basis, a little flour roasted in butter scraped
busiiq,
;

basar, u, inf. basr, peel, pare, shave so as to render the skin visible eat the ground bai'e (locusts) take a business into one's own hands u, inf.
;

basr,

biistir,
;

bi'ing

good news
have
sexual
a,

cheese
!s~->

tale-bearing

spying,

report receive intercourse i,


;

INF. of (u~}).
basit, pi. busut, wide, extensive, level supierficial pi. busatd, basd'it, simple, not compound single naive, artless, open, free liberal name of a
;

basar, rejoice at

by good

news;
; ; ; ;

basir,
ii.

inf.

gladden
inf.

iii.

mu-

take a matter into one's own hands exercise a profession have sexual intercourse iv. shave to the skin
bdsara-t, id.
;

mustaf'ilun fd'ilun musta/'ilun fd'ilun twice repeated haslta-t, open country surface of the earth sun-dial quadrant she-camel with her foal; clear and simple matter; pi. basd'it, element. basil, severe-looking reJi~-> i basila-t, bitter taste. pulsive I^ti basim, smiling; sprightly.
:

metre

bring good news or rejoice at it rejoice get covered with plants adorn vi. receive good news from each other X. gladden by good news; rejoice at such, expect it.
; ;
;

yi'i

basar, pi. abs'dr,


;

man, mankind
basar-i,

human skin j^\ ji\ abi'i-'labit


;

Adam

basar -in,

dessert,

(^~> busain, s

cat, kitten.

sweetmeats open, joyful countenance


;

bisr,

(cAj) bass. A, INF. hass, basdsa-t,

show an open, friendly face receive with friendliness; rejoice rejoice at (^ at seeing again
be densely overgrown, produce the first plants. joyful bass, open, friendly ij^. reception joy at seeing again.
bi)
;

IV.

cheerful welcome busr, good tidings ; busr and \^. bus'ard', messengers of good news, &c., basara-t, pi. of yt~) basir; S surface; pi. basar, epidermis;

joy

human frame
kind
;

.LiJ

busdr, pi. vilest of men basdra-t, bisdra-t, busdra-t, news, basdra-t, happy tidings, gospel busdra-t, beauty pi. basd'ir,
; ; ;

busrd, pi. busrawdt, happy tidings, gospel; basariyy, human, referring to mankind, mortal ^ basariyya-t, human nature, humanity.
^J
;

humanity, man-

(IsAj) II.

and

iv.

hasten

(n.

and

a.).

bassdra-t, butterfly. j1.Uj baSds, friendly, humane basdsa-t^=j^ bai's'; inf.


ii

guerdon for good news

scurf

(C^)

of

(cAJ). basd', indigestion


liar.

bas'd'a-t,

ugliness. o^! baSsak, great


;

INF. basa\ basd'a-t, have a foul breath, bad or insipid taste be ugly, disgusting, hateful be too narrow (bed of a river) be not equal to (s-> bi) a thing have horror or disgust disfigure ; ii. of (y^ min) ;
basi', A,
; ; ; ;

^ti< basd'ir, messengers of joyful pi. of basdra-t, beauty. news

calumniate commit V. be ugly, repulsive evil be X. find ugly, disgusting, &c.


blacken,
;

ixifSA}

bastahta-t,

writing-table,
vesti-

portfolio (Pers.). &Va-^ badhdna-t, ante-room

gAj
;

bule (Pers.).

unsuccessful. bas'i', ugly; having a bad taste; smelling and insipid stale badly objectionable, shocking
; ; ;

;; ;

;;

126

who
(j-*-i)

eats
f. 4

or does
;

pelican. inf. hasg, be watered by a drizzling rain IV. water by a drizzling rain. j-i^ basg, drizzling rain. basiq, {(^^) bas'aq, I, INF. bas'q; A, INF. basaq, beat with a stick strain one's look basaq, not be able to proceed any further. (uiUj) basak, u, inf. bask, do badly or preci]jitately, bungle sow with large stitches lie cut loosen the tether of a camel mix urge on walk fast step lightly viii. lie be cut off
i bas'a'at,

knotty,

bad things

glitter

give

(little)

exude

pass,

busig,

II. show the first vegetation open the eyes for the first iv. inf. time caress, coax show the first lasds, exude
; ;

vegetation.
bis-an, bisd', castration.
bisdr,
;L>

inf.

bassdr,
^_^LJ}

who
;

soothsayer

hi. of (/)) sharply looks


;

; ;

bisdra-t, insight.

bassds,
i

having flashing eyes


eye
; ;

bassdsa-t,

(m.)

spy,

watch, sentinel, vedette. jUij hafdq, spittle a species of the


palm-tree; a kind of camel. Jlo} bussdl, seller of onions. and (j^loj) bufdn, bussdn, pi. -dt absina-t, month of Eabi' II. ^^i~s> basbds, i, quick, swift
;

; ;

disparage run fast. cil^ bash, precipitation lie cutting off basak, bask, swiftness see (u^^). gibberbiiskdniyy, stupid ing not knowing Arabic.
;

^^^

water ; bread little agile al-basbds, milk. grass-fibre reflect, (ya~c>) inf. i basbas,
; ; , ; ; ;

^_^^ bas'aka, swift, agile. Jl^) baslal, INF. 6 bring a thing (


,

or a person into confusion S (m.) II. be in confusion baslala-t, confusion. (i*^) basim. A, inf. bas'am, suffer from indigestion loathe iv. vii. (m.) cause indigestion
;

reverberate show the first vegewag the tail tation walk fast op)en the eyes for the caress (m.) wink with (^_^ first time fi) the eyes. jsf^. basbi'f, pupil of the eye (m.). basur, (_;>) 6asiV, A, INF. basar;
; ;

inf. basdra-t, bisdra-t, perceive,


see, recognise

=
^^

1.

(v 60
;


; ;

ii.

cause

basam, indigestion, sion of the stomach


;

suffering from loathing, over-eaten. LU-io bismdt, biscuit, rusk. (^i) basd, V, INF. basw, be of excellent disposition. ))^ biisur, joyful tidings, inf. of

oppresbasim, indigestion,

show reveal secrets instruct open the eyes cut dissect and loosen from the bones cut off the head go to Bassorah ill. vie, who sees,
to see or recognise,
; ;
;

O^jA}
^-"S-}

basi'is,

friendly, smiling.
*
,

basir,

pi.

humn'i'

busr,

messenger of good news; beautiful, handsome.


(j~^A}

brisk and sprightly 6 basisa-l, one's own money one's own things. smelling badly Je-i4 hasi', ugly rejirobate, abject. repulsive &c. (yo)) INF, bafif, shine I,

basis,

look iv. look, out from on high whether one can perceive or recognise perceive (s-> bi) be distinct, recognisable have anything cut into pieces go to v. Bassorah look, whether one can perceive see distinctly, recognise look at, contemplate, reflect understand see through vi. see or try to see secrets each other pretend to see or recognise x. observe atten;

perceives, recognises first

tively,

try

to

recognise, recog-

/<((.>'.;,

nise

be seen, recognised.

;;

127
_ya>

fr^
ya~a>
basis,
;

hasar, seeing,

what appears
tacle, sight
;

sight pi. absdr, to the eye, spec; ;

splendour
-=>

shining, fright
6ms,

brilliant
;

inf.

of

eye

discernment

intelligence;
hasar-i,

j^\

i^

salautu-'l-

basi',

pi.

drops of peri,

prayer of morning and

evening,

dusk
;

INP. of ( j-a>) husr, skin rind, crust edge, border cotton 5


; ;
;

basr,

skin

spiration, (i/i) badd (badad, badid),


budi'ida-t,

a, inf.

basra-t, hisra-t, basai-a-t, bisara-t,

Bassorah

and JJoufah from Bassorah.


;

al-basratun, Bassorah ^J ba.^riyij, of or

\y^.

busaru,

pi.

of ;-^ INF. one's

ba>:!r, q.v.

(_Uj)

= (U_>).
basa',
A,
bas',

i, inf. badd, baditd, flow slowly out, drip, ooze give sparingly tune the strings of an instrument; 11. iv. give be soft and delicate sparingly v. receive a debt take by small instalments
;

skin

be plump with delicate

badid,
;

(g'o))

gather,
;

everything from (ace.)


sell one's self

viii.

take

with stream
;

self

flow,

from need

totally

ii.

come
;

forth

in

annihilate.
(j6>

drops.

^>

span between thumb and middle finger thick cloth bis', beginning of the night; bus', pi. of absa', whole, all stupid drops of
bas',

small crevice

badd, S plump with delicate skin small gift also s badda-t, sour milk. yijlii buddbid, strong, brave. yolij biddd, wells or leathern bags with little water, pi. of {^f^
, ; ;

persj^iratiou, pi. of 5*-=} basi'.

badiid
;

haddda-f,
(girl)

plump with
;

^*^ bas'a, f. of whole, all.


(v>=?)

J-=>\

absa', stupid

basaq, u, inf. basq, spit.


basal,
6
,

J^)

onion, bulb.

buddda-t, water. gU} bidd', sexual intercourse parts, portions, &c., pi. of *^

a delicate skin
little

^}^ bassal, and v. tabassal, skin, peel undress, rob of the clothes ; v. question, cross;

^ ^from

examine. basm, interval, span between the third and little finger. basam, inf. i print upon (m. sd'a-t Turk.) f*^ 6 basam, repeating watch printed 6asTOa-i, printing- mark pattern (on stuffs).
, ;

\^
*j-o>

stock or share in trade price present to merchandise the judge. yUa buddn, month of Eabi' II. (^U-=tf badbdd, coll. mushrooms. \j^ bidr-an midr-an, shed un; ; ;

bad'a-t capital

ii

bidd'a-t, pi. badd'i',

^^
;

avenged (blood).
badra-t, vanities.
yii-ij

badad,

little

water.
off

(g^)

bada', a, inf. bad', cut


;

split, cleave

shred, dissect, cut

(y^) basd, r, inf. basw, press a


S debtor, dun baswa-t, live coal, spark. basir, pi. busard', seeing, sharpsighted, discerning, intelligent
;

into pieces intercourse

marry
;

explain

have sexual be clear,


;

^i

stick intelligible (tears) lashes


;

God; connoisseur;
pi. basd'ir, look,
;

understand
bad',

be

to the eyebuda', inf. foiled inf.


;

basira-t,

badd',

biidd',

sight; sagacity,

nated with water

penetration cautiousness, prudence opinion tenet demonstration evidence meditation


;
; ; ; ;

armour

shield.

11. cut off mubdda'a-t, lie with a explain iv. (two woman invest give in marriage ace.) quench another's a capital

be

impreg-

III.


fr^ thirst

; ;

; ; ; -

128
ex-

>
_
^

pledge with wine


;

ji-VW lattdi; brave, strong.

plain

V.

make
off
;

or answer satisfactorily (m.) buy goods, i)erspire purchases vii. be cut


;

J=Ua
4iU=?

batdti, small casks, pi. of h^.

batiyya-t.
bitdqa-t,
;

pupil of
;

the

eye
toy;

VIII.

be clear, intelligible
traiEc.

price-mark
; ;

pi. batd'iq, letter.

X. invest

a capital

of gi-iJ ba(/i'; bifl\ had', part of the night part small number of people, less
had', pi.
;

than 20 (m. bad'a-t,

numeral 7;
;

f.

had')

the
of

J^> hattdl, lazy, idle trifliug, ing vain obsolete, abolished batdla-t, idlevaliant hero ness trifling (s.) (m.) holidays day furlough, leave of absence
;

bud',

pudenda
;

of

rest

feast-day

hitdla-t,

a woman marriage-contract sexual intercourse divorce


;

; ;

bravery; see (JW). yUa bitdii, pi. uhtina-t,

hx/itn, girth;

bad'a-t,

bid'a-t,

pi.
;

bad', hida',

hidd', part, jiortion

bada'a-t,
(u=L=j)

piece, slice
^t:^>

pi.

of

badi',

cutting, sharp,

Ac,

q.v.
off,

pi. of ^l.batd'in, small ship; hitdna-t, t^\. (^ batin, q.v.; batd'in, inner side; lining; centre of a town, a country true friend

badah,

l,

inf. badh, cut

fidelity

secret.

lop.

^VU
(Ul=>)

batd'iq, pi. of
pi.

ii^
t)U=i

batdqa-t^
bitdn,
iiVLi

if^) badam,

u,
;

thick in grain

inf. badm, grow swell by degrees.

i^\y botd'in,
hitdna-t.

of
S

1^

badm, soul,

self.
i

bathat, inf.
;

gabble, cackle;

ijo^

hadud, \A. hidiid, well or leathern bags with little water.


sharp, cutting.
;

dive

have a weak judgment;

hatbata-t,

weak

intellect.

'^j-^ badilJc,

' badi(J^> hadid, INF. of (j^) da-i, little water drizzling rain
;
;

(^i) hatah, throw one upon his II. s^trew with pebbles face
;

plump and with a


property.
5-ii>

delicate skin

badi',
;

pi.
;

had',

ciate

flesh

partner, assoperspiratiou sea


;

wrestling extend; overflow; ^vi. wrestle; be thrown upon one's down on one's face face extend wide and far; x.=v.;
III.

floor

in

v.

vii.
;

lie

hatha-t,

human frame

good water;
(la) baft, V,
II.

island.
;

INF. hatt, cut open trade with ducks and geese be enfeebled, low in health or circumstances; iv. buy a small
;

true state or condition. Vssk) hat/id', pi. hitdfi, broad pebblevalley of open field bed
hiit/ta-f,
; ;

Mecca.
(jJa>)

hatah, v, inf.
;

jug of

oil.

at

hatl;,

lick, lick

IV. (see

^>), have many


INF.
batr,
split,
;

bat, for hdtil, false, vain, delusive batf, pi. huti'it, 4, duck; goose; batta-t, shebear; low bottle, flask, cup,
;

melons.

(^)

hafof,

V,

ii

eut open (tumours) bafii; A, INF. bafar,he wanton;


cleave,

pot

calf of the leg.


^Ji\

^
j;\ij

bvt'iiii,

hut\i,

never;
jjI.

of

go beyond measure, do
;

evil

be
;

butiV,

hitil',

slowness;
;

^J'i lati',

slow, lazy. huldh, pleurisy bitdh,


batJiiV,
(J.

^iaW

v.

pi.

of

hutd/iiijy,

intoxicated with good fortune IV. ])erplex, put to despise confusion ; render overbearing (m.) be overbearing or insolent. ;W batar, insolence; hativ, inso-

suffering from ])lcurisy. ^Uaj huhi/iiyy, stout, corpulent. ^3jUi) buliiriq, tall, long.

overbearing careless hitr-an, shed with impunity


lent,
;

(blood).

;; ;

]2l)

^
vanities, &c., pi. of Ji=^ bdt'd;
butl,
lie
;

i'i\Ja>
y^;'=}

hatrdha-t, patriarchate. hafrun, overbearing, insolent. (j;^), II. tabatraq, be stupid, insolent walk like a prancing
;

idleness

being in vain

anything

unfounded
;

liorse

batriiqa-t, pi. batariij,

batala-f, pi. sorcerers. i^^^W battaldt, buffooneries


ties.
y)^L!

vaniof

melon.
u^jW
bitruk,
;

arch
arch.
j?.;^

ba/vak, INF.
pi.

ha/ mil,

bitark,
S
,

patri-

bllthlll=A'''>

blltl

INF.

be patri-

bitrir,

boisterous,

impudent;

if^) butm, biitum, turpentine tree granulous tumour.


((:>W)

persevering in error.
iJSjW
biffiq,

baldviq, but'irlqc-t,
u^;!=>

fathom;

6o/ari(if,

leader of

arch

(alwd

1(1,000; patribatrlk, '^j>.j^>


bi-tariq-i,

batrairil-, pi. hat<irik,bati'ir'ika-i);

proud, fat

INF. hatn, strike on the bully; inf. batn, be hidden, secret; know; be an intimate friend; inf.
bah'in,

bahin,

u,

enter,

penetrate,

bitiia-f,
;

i3f.}^.

by

way
sake

of, in of.

the manner, for the


patriarchate. (also ^^^ bafsa-f^,

indulge the belly, be a glutton pass, hiiiiii, have a belly-ache;

biiliii,

INF.

hatan,
;

^%W

bafrih'i/i/ii-t,

have a full belly


;

{j~^ batas, i war-vessel.


(u*^}) batas,
;

INF. bats, seize, attack carry off by force recover from a fit of ague, although in a weak state (m.) act inf. courageously iii. mubdta.sa-t, seize by force undertake, manage ; come to close quarters iv. seize by force ; drag one's self v.
I, Tj,
; ;

big-bellied ii. strike on the belly (also iv.) line (clothes) tighten the girth of a camel IV. hide, conceal choose for a confidant; v. put under one's belly penetrate go right through be the inner part VI. be distant; viii. give birth X. put anything under one's belly keep secret know accurately 2)enetrate into, try
; ;

batun,

bataiia-t,

be

to

along with burden.

difficulty

under

fathom anything.
;

ij^ batis, power


;

strong, brave; ang(_'r violence


;

yii!

hats,

power; sujierior power; violence battle day of judgment.


batsa-f,
; ;

(^)
(JJa)

batig, inf. batag,

be stained.

INF. lull, Jnitiil, butldn, happen in vain, fail; be inf. batarepealed, abolished; batul, inf. la-t, jest; be idle; bitdla-t, bvtul, btitula-t, be brave, ii. render useless, be a hero ;
batal,
TJ,

bataii, corpulence; surfeit; belly-ache hatia, pi. bltihi, big-bellied rich gluttonous low; h(tln, pi. hatnn, bufndn, abtiDi, belly; contents of the belly inner side of the sky river-bed meaning esoteric second relations small tribe butun, degree of relationship

;
;

y^ik>

girth-leathers,
S

pi.

of y^! bitdn

bifna-t,
;

boisterous

merri-

repeal, abolish
tell

v. tell each falsehoods be other falsehoods be lazy (m.) be celebrave, be a hero brated (feast-day). batal, S pi. ahtdl, brave, a Ji=> bvtul, hero; given to jesting;
; ; ;
; ,

iv. id.

jest

overbearingness surfeit. butndn, bellies, &c., pi. of l^W 6a?m; pi. of y^'^^! bat in, interior, &c. (^L)) batu, u, INF. biit\ hitd', move ii. detain slowly or lazily iii. render slow, delay (a.) ; iv. tarry; delay (n.), tarry; have slow beasts of burden
;

ment

17

h
remaiu
(a.

; ;

;;

130
detain, delay tarry, delay
ba'c', inf. ba'\ abundance remain in the same spot and
;

behind
bi)
;

v
;

consider slow or find tardy. ^W hvHt,', slowness, laziness.


(n.)

'

v., VI.

lazy

rain (cloud)
2> 6a",

be importunate.

abvmdant outpour.
INF.
III.

iaoUj ba'nbi'a-t, poor people.

J^

inf. of (J^sj) i hutula-t, bravery, heroism; INF. of (J^). ^jW lati', batiyy, pi. hitn', slow,

hitiV, foolery

.i^

6/'t(d,

III.

of

(^)

bu'ufl, distant,
;V*; hi'dr,

far

off.
;

INf.

of (;)

6''('-,

lazy, tardy

lotus.

S hitya-t,

hatiyya-t, pi. hafilfi,

jug;

delay small
;

y^U>
gUj

hi'ijs,

lean camels,

pi.

of ^j*'.

ba'i'is.

cask.
^kJ=}

hatiha-i, pi. batii'ih,


;

swamped
sheet
of

pebble-ground
grJ
bitf'h,
'

large

stagnating water.

ba'd', household things, furniouttravelling requisites ture fit of a bride; inf. of (e?)jU. bu'iiq, ba'dq, bi'dq, raining
; ;

pumpkin;
seller.

, ;

pi.

batiltHi,

i^ biffi/iiyy,

melon, melon-

cloud

waterspout

first

shower
pi.

noise of a torrent.

JUj
veterinary surgeon.
jj

hi'dl,
bti'l
;

husbands, &o.,
INF.
III.

of

j-W batir, split


u^ft!= batis,
ti-i"?

mighty, powerful.
miracle
;

(_^Uj
;

ha'd'h,

lean

of (J*>). camels, pi. of

batit,
6

batita-t,

calamity butayyifa-t, white


;

lie

ij->j*> ba'ils.

{^>)
flee
j.f*}

ba'ba', inf. S,

follow quickly;

ant,

termite

worm

(in

wood,

from
ha'ba',

battle.

(^>

&c.). batin, bellied; spacious; rich; full distant nick-name of Ali


;
;

gurgling
;

prime of youth; glibness of tongue


the battle-field.
(vjUio)

of
i

water

bu'ba'a-t,

flight

from

huUiiii,

little

belly;

second

moon

station.
u,

inf. Jia:^, tune and touch the strings of an instrument exert one's self 2:ealously IV. grow fat. excel bu:-au, bu:d, fleshy parts. SjVSa) hi^(1ra-t, smack of a kiss. itUa) ha:iha-t, queer fellow. (jb) hazir, a, inf. bazar, have a

(^) ba::,
;

ha'h,
;
;

ba'as, a, inf. ba'^, send; awaken raise loosen urge on the dead; follow on one's heels
;
;

be awake, vii. v. proceed from wake be sent be awakened issue, id. deproceed from spread (n.)

A, INF. 6a'((s,

part
ii-j

protuberance on the
circumcise (a girl).
_;!=;

lips

ba'af,
;

ii.

lant

VIII. send.

army
ba'^,
;

ha'is,

vigi-

pi.

^j'^.

bu'ih,

bazr, pi. buzur, clitoris

finger-

ring
\ji^

sealing-ring.

bizr-an,

unavenged (blood).

f>^,

hazram, sealing-ring; ii. /bazram, inf. S show the rings by moving about the hand.
,

detached army o-J^ ^^ yamn ii'l-ha's, day of resurrection; inf. 6 ba'sa-f, message; of (li-jo) fci'sK-^ mission (of a prophet); detachment.

ij>^ hizrlra-t, boisterous

woman.
be
bazi, bazn,

(}^}) ba'far, inf. is, throw topsyturvy, rummage, overturn take out, uncover and examine look
; ;

(^)
!a-b

haza,

u,

INF.

dense, solid, massy; INF. baz, be fleshy.

buzinrw,

seek put goods into order i ba'sam-f, confusion dirtcolour dirt.

^=i*>

for,

hizh, fat and soft.


^'*"'
^'

bii'^iit, bii'sittt

tyiju 6h'x;"/, pi.


;

(C*)

^^^- ^""'

pour out in

ba'dsit, middle, centre

navel.

; ; ; ; ;

131

(>J

(^J^)
V.

ba'saq, iNr.

flow out

;^

excrement

hn'ii; a, inf. ha'ar,


;

break through.
ha'aj, A, INF. ba'j, split, slit

grow
II., IV.

five

(e})

years old (camel) empty the bowels,


ha'ar,
'i

torment
with
II.

split
(n.),
5->

furrow; (m.) break into pieces; v.=vii. be distant, far be burst, (m.) be embossed be distant
split,

(m.) emboss, raised ornamental


;

cover

ha'r,

pi.

ab'dr,
;

work

slit;

bular dung of animals deepest poverty bait


;

glo-

ha'r,

hii'ra-f,

wrath

(of G-od)

ba'ra-t

VI.

off

vii.

(n.),

split

and ha'iira-f, globular excrement; ba'ara-f, gland of the

x.

penis.
y^j>
bu'r'l/i,

consider

far.

camels,

&c.,

pi.

of

ba'ij,

walking slowly or with

y:*i ba'ir.

difficulty. (^*i) ha' II J,


;

(ij=>*Oj II- taba'riif,

quiver (lopped
,

INF. hu'd, be far, distant die ba'kl, a, inf. ha' ad, be distant; perish; ii. remove to a distance (a.) keep far, distant iii. inf. bi'ilii,
;

limb).
(jj*?) ba'zaq, inf.

sipate
tion.

ii

disperse

dis-

ii

ha'xaiia-t,

dissipa-

(u=})

ba's,

leanness,

muha'ada-t, remove
distant distant
; ;

(a.),
;

render

movement, motion

thinness

v. taba'as,

keep be far away iv. render or be distant be extreme destroy VI. be far from each other abandon each other viii.

be distant, far

move
ijsyM

(n.).

remove

(n.)

(ij"^?), II. taJja'saf,


ba'asi'i.^,

move

(n.).

bu'sih, thin,

mobile

hip-bone.
((ji), pass,
flies
;

remove

(n.)

abandon

bu'id,

be molested by
;

II.

dissect,

x.

consider far, find too far remove to a distance. >**} ha'd, after, afterwards, later; i^ JM ha'dii huh-at-in, the day
;

after
ha'd,

to-morrow

)*?

^\ amnu'i

in flies v. be dissected, divided. (y>j ha'd, pi. alrdd, part, portion; some sundry, a certain in repetition each other, recipro-ii ba'ida-f, abounding in cal
IV.
; ;

abound

divide

but then, phrase of transition from the besrinning of a letter, &c., to the chief matter hu'd, distance absence <)J ^Jk> hii'd-an death interval J*? ^ j la-hu, away with him

flies.

(yi/ixj),

II.

tahii'r/ad,

try to

catch

zi'i

one another.
i^^53u ha'diida-t,

an
all

insect.

(tau)

ha'at, a, inf. ha't, slaughter,


;

kill

exceed

bounds
;

seeing far, cautious, prudent; 6a 'afZ, distant; valueless distance, going to a distance death ha' id, distant
hu'd,

dying; hu'ad, utility; * jtA gair hu'ad, useless hii'ud, and \j*i hu'add, y^J*> hu'dihi, pi. of i*i 6 ba'ld, far distant bu'da-t, pi. hu'ad, distance; not
;

iv. id. graceful behaviour speak otherwise than intended, blunder in speech exceed one's cause one to spend power
; ;

in dis-

beyond his means

move
!=>

to a distance (a.)

go far reescape
; ;

(slave).
ha't,

infamy.
;

being related.
inf. hkdra-t, move shake ; damage one's honour, disparage. {f.) ha'ar, A, inf. ;*> ha'r, drop
(jj*j)

ha'zar,

((3) ba'aq, v, inf. hu'dq, groove, inf. ha'q, slaughter furrow (m.) emuncover dig a well slaughter ; II. split boss

v., slaughtered vii. empty itself with violent rain

V.

be

L%*i

132
each other;
of
dice
;

(cloud);

VII.

surprise, attack
;

suddenly sjjeak precipitately (m.) be embossed.


(Liw>) hn'qiif,

eve

win in the game by the evil cause misfortune to any;

injure

small; dwarf. Lyui) hii'qdt, dwarfish. (cil) ha'aj,-, V, INF. bai.-, strike arm or leg with the sword. cd ba'ak, thickness rougliiiess spasm. (y^) ha'kar, inf. S cut off. (i)_jS;*j hu'l-fik, i imjiression from sitting or lying place of assembly; hii'kiiL-a-t, heat middle; crowd. \ij^ ha'l'uki'i', calamity noise, tumult.
;
; ,

body ;iv. lend one's horse


another
;

lend mutually. anything j*> h:i'ic, transgression; borrowed. ha'ils, pi. hi\is, ha'ais, lean
x.
^J-)^
ijoyti ha' II (I, i
ci.,jx) hii'is,

to

milkless she-camel. fly, gnat.


,

sent.

g_ju

hii'ij,
;

woman

with

many

chil-

dren
Ajjii

iiowing abundantly.
scarcely

ha'id, pi. hii'inl, Irn'oda', hu'diui,

far,
,*!\

distant

related

J)'

(J^) ha'al, A, iNr. hii'iUa-t (hn'ttl, INF. ha'ula-t), be a husband or ha'il. A, inf. a wife; refuse;

thomably
little
]i*i

ha Idu-'l-gaii r- i, hu'aid, deep;


'

unf a-

distance, soon after.


hi'!r,
hii'i-iin,

ha'rr,

pi.

ah'irn-t,

ahn'ir,

ha'al,

not

know what one


confusion
lie
;

doing
hi'iil,

from
one's

inf.

is

ahu'ir,

bi'ran,

camel nine
;

(or

four)
;

years
;

old

beast of

miiliii'alii-t,

huswife intermarry sit down by v. be the side of another obedient to one's husband, ;LJi>ru one's self for him take a husIjand vi. sport with one's VIII. x. take wives T. for a wife (J li) be situated on high suffice to one's self.

with

or take a
;

si:)ort

burden
,**>

ass.

Os> ba'iq, cry

band

cracking. ba'im, false god, idol. (j>) hinjij, u, INF. haiji/, heave, swell; beec ime agitated.
hioji/. i
,

J!

small camel.
;

Uj biyi'
]il.

see (^*?) ' huga-t. of i_3^^ ^"'V'- passionate, rebellious, <te.


bufjii' ,
haij'is,

Jj ha'al, I'SF. of (J?) distracted in mind

ii>U>

higd^, hiiyiU, pi. hiijfoii,


;

ha'il, i,
;

(m.) dry

ha'l,

pi.
;

hi''il,

hii'i'd,

h>i'iila-t,

a kind of vulture small birds. SjjU) batji'did'i-t, peoj^le


pi.

chough
'jf

Bagdad,

husband
;

wife
;

master,

burden the idol Baal i ba'la-t, ground palm-tree ; wife, mistress (of the house,

lord rising
;

&c.).

of ^_5j\^ bagdi'idhjij. l^Xxj hagnf/a-t, hatred. jUi hig''!J, mules, Jjl. of J hagl haggiU, muleteer. ij\30 bag'!ira-t, rebellion, insurrec-

kiU*J

ha'lahaU; ha'alhaJd; Balbek

tion.

in Syria.
k_j^jl*j ha'alzahiVi,
ij^*^ hii'liyy,

V.^
Belzebub. watered by rain only weak.
INF. i,
;

hag'lij'i,

pi.

of

^s!

bagiyij,

hiiiiiijija-t,

q.v.

AjUi

hiiij,iija-t,

(m.) dry
(y~jAj)

bi-gdya-t,

i/((';/06-,

grow mean
female

tremely
ingly.

things; the extreme exvery much exceeddesirecl

in

(by serving, &r.). j_r-ix> hd'iias, a stupid


slave.

(^^)

biicjhiig,

full well.
,

iUu*!
(ytj)

/i(('y/(((^((7,

having sharp claws.


I,
;

^Ai bagbag, inf. 6 tread, tread down,

rt-ar

suore

ha'ii,

A,

u,

IN'F.

ha'ir,
oi-

act

jy^

biigbih-. bagbi'ir,
;

unjustly,

sin

1m.vvi.iw

Irnd

fice

empevnr

altar for sacriof China,

uuA)
(o^ij)

133
hufjl,

^
(w^O
bagas, a, inf. bagx, drop a slight rain (sky) run cryiug up to his mother (child) pene;

bagat, a, inf.
;

happen
;

unexpectedly fall upon feill upon suddenly.


ui^!

iii.

hagt,
;

pectedly S occurrence attack, invasion; bagtat-an, denly.


;

what

happens unexhagta-t, unexpected sur|)rise, sudden


s\xd-

trate.
iji-i;

hugs, b fine rain. (o*j) ^"-igad, u, bagid. A, bugnd, tr, INF. bagai/a-t, l>e hateful; (m.)
,

(vi^ii)

hagif,

A,

INP.

haijas,
;

black spots (white bird)

iv.
ki-ju\
;

have

come
lavish
ihgass,

on

soft

ground
;

expenditure

multitude. y^iAi bigsdii, pi. of cijUj hagds. (jiAj) bagsar, inf. i be wickedly and jsassionately disjjosed be agitated separate =(j^) II. tabagsar, be wickedly disposed. ji*} bagsar, stupid troublesome unwholesome big and awkward bagsara-f, (camel) weak villany, commotion, confusion
, ;

^mixed

iligisds=:l. inf. hiigs((-f, slight rain hugm-t, black spotted with white, or vice versa. bagsiV, white with black spots
ii
;

make

ix.

hate hagid, look with at anger ii. inf. tabgUj, render hateful hated iv. inf. ibgdil, hate; v. inf. tabaggiKJ, show hatred; vi. inf. fabdgn/l, hate one another; vii. inf. iudjigdr/, be hated. bagdd', i \ (J^. biigd, hatred bigda-t, violent hatred, wrath.
; ;
;

(J*j) bagl,

f.
ii

is

mule

pi. bigdl,

mabgfdd',

bagla-t, (m.) counter-

fort, buttress. J*; bagaJ, a, inf. bagl, insult other people's children ; inf. ii. tabg'd, id. walk slowly have the walk of a mule.

(^;) bagam, A, i, u, inf. bugdm, bugum, call fondly for her young
Ac.) cry out, one's meaning indistinctly imibdiii. inf. gaiiia-t, speak in a soft tone V. inf. iabagginn^:=i.
(gazelle,
;

ones

call

express
;

vileness separation, dispersion. Amo bagdiid {^Mm, bag-dz, i\^


;

b(igddz),

Bagdad;
;

go to Bagdad
of

or

from

^S hagdddiyi/, Bagdad ; pi. hagii-

ii.

tabagdad,

/**>

dida-t, native

or inhabitant

of

bagam, secret talk bagma-f, camel bugma-t, pi. bugam, jjearl necklace (m.).
;

soft call of a
II.

ii

(g_;A>),

Bagdad. yU*; bagddn, ^.>^ bagdin, Bagdad. (yu) bagar, a, inf. bugih-, set and
cause
INF.
(constellation) rain heavily, water also the ground with rain bagir, a, inf. bagar, diink and

INF.

tabagiuij,

coquetat,

tishness.

(yo)
,i

bagd, v, inf. bagw, look regard, c<jntemplate.

rain

bagr,

bagw,
z=^jk>

observation;
C[.v.
;

bagiyy,

haguinr
s

lagwa-t,

not

become

satiated,

but

ill

unripe date blossom.


jyii
(yij

opening

palm-

(camel), yu bagr, bagar, i violent down' bagra-t, pour; INF. of (;0 what has been sown after rain
, ;

bugdr, setting (of the stars).


bagi'im,

crying out, calling.


;

(j_ytj)

annual
(v*>)

gift.

baga,
;

a,

inf.

bagz,

beat,

put into lively motion. vivacity bagz, lively motion V*} vehemence.
kick
;

bagd, i, inf. bagy, transgress exercise violence and injustice; commit fornication walk proudly and swiftly rain heavily swell and suppurate look at, regard, inf. bagd, obsei-ve and expect bag-an, bugya-t, bigya-t, seek, wish
;

;;

;; ;

oJ
for,

134
ikf.
;

desire

iii.

biga',

mvhujdt, treat press contend


; ;

unjustly

op-

fornicate seek, desire iv. inf. ibr/'t', seek for another, help to seek; v. inf. tabaggi, seek, desire observe

iy). baqra-t; <^ buqqdru, lie; calamity; baqqdriyy, cudgel. i*^ f^a biqd', places, &c., pi. of

buq'a-t, baq'a-t.

and

expect vr. inf. tabdgi, transgress against each other


;

jU} haqd,^, things of sweepings inf. of

inf. imbigtV, viii. inf. ihtig^r, be easy, desirable, convenient VIII. and X. inf. istibgil', seek, desire x. cause to demand or desire. bagy, transgression, injustice, (_s*! outrage, injury; heavy rain; bagiyy, unjust striving eagerly,
VII.
;
;

J^

value, also baqdqa-f, talkative, garrulous. bringing forth pdenty baqdl, i baqqdl, greenof vegetables oil-merchant grocer, grocer,
little

(ij^)

mn-keeper

baq^'ila-t,

green

or kitchen garden. l^\u baqdma-f, of weak intellect coarse wool or flax ; offal. i^. baqdira-t. inf. of (i_3^)\jUu baqdyd, remains, &c., pi. of

observing strictly
"whore,
;

adultress bigya-t, bugyn-i, wish, desire; anything wished for or sought ; bagiyy"-f, bcigi'iyd, id. outpost, l>\.
ii

pi.

bagdyil,

^^
jW^

baqiyya-t.

baqbdq, mouth. ((j.--a?) baqbaq, inf. i

gurgle, water

flowing

out

from
;

a
(m.)

mouthed
(dove)
;

vessel, or boiling

narrowcoo
;

van-guard. t)'v!*i bugydn,


sirous, &c.

chatter
;

swell
;

pi.

of

^^

bug!, de-

bubble
blister.

baqbaqa-t,

i have blisters gurgling of w-ater

j*> bugaibig, little well. i-~t;*> baijifi, wheat.


jt*i baijir,
ill

^^0}
(c;w!?)

baqbiiqa-t,

bubble

blister

from

thirst (camel).
;

(m.).
(e-ij)

yi-A;
(ij;)

hateful enemy. give u, INF. baqg, abundantly rain abundantly show pride spread, strew out dissipate; split, tear; begin t" give birth to many bloom children inf. haqq, baqdq, importune by talk; (m.) blot (as paper) ii. inf. tabaqbuq, dis{ierse, dissipate iv. inf. ibqdq, have many children importune by talk do abundantly good or evil to anybody ]n-(jducc grass or food bring forth weak young ones.
biigicj,

baqq,

baqat, u, INF. baqt, stir up. liaqai:, u, inf. baqf, stir up, bring into confusion.
buqja-t, bundle, parcel
;

^asiiJ

knap-

sack.

ii. inf. inf. tabaqqiih, be soiled baqha-f, stain. (_,~jjj! baqdi'inas, parsley. (^) baqar, A, inf. baqr, split, cleave enlarge seek know;

(^) baqah={^)
tabq'ih,

(m.)

soil;
;

v.

1>

ledge

/-(

'

fly

l-'iig

/-,

'"/'/.
;

children i3? i3^ laqq baqq, talkative, garrulous iJ-^W bi'1-biiqq, in vain
;

woman
(m.).

with

many

ViiJ

baqd\

continuance,

duration
;

try to know them inf. baqr, baqar, be scarcely able to see be tired rejoice at the sight of v. inf. tabaqqiir, be extensive, rich stay in a town or village while one's people are outside viii. INF. ibtiqur, get split, cleft; split
;

find it utauces,
baqir,

look out for water and know another's circum-

a,

(n.).
_jVfli

baqqdr, breeder of oxen

smith

btiqqdr,

cows,

blackof pi.

^? baqar,

pi. biiqih;
;

of cattle

abdqir, ox,

head

biiqar, lie;

calamity

;; ;;

;;

135

2 haqara-t, pi. haqar, huqur, haqardt, hawdqir, huqqdr, uhqtir,


; ;

ox ^_s haqariijij, of cattle, referring to cattle. WjiiJ baqrdt, Hippocrates. baqs, i.r*^ baqsis, box-tree. kU-.Jii baqsimdt, biscuit, rusk. (U}) baqt, furniture diversion, amusement tenure for a part of the produce. (!=fl?), II. INF. tabqtt, ascend a mountain walk swiftly talk quickly disperse silence by scolding (m.) hasten give to eat in small tahaqqut, v. inf. quantities

cow

pasture (n.); viii. inf. pasture (n. and a.).


Js}
baql,
i
,

ibtl([dl,

pi.

bvqtil,

cabbage,
jUjS\
iiai

greens,

vegetables, beans, &c.


;

baqlatu-'l-anfdr-i, cauli-

u^

flower; ii)CJ\ 'i^\ al-baqlaUi-'l-

7niibdraka-t,endhe; Z/h(//, spring herbs. ijjl^fl} baqldwa-t, almond cake (m.). (lt^) baqlas, inf. and ii. inf. tahaqhis, be covered with blisters
, ;

(into blisters). (^) baqiiii, A, inf. baqcnn, get ill from eating the plant 'anzmvdii. baqqam, Brasil wood a tree f^.
;

form

receive news piecemeal food in small quantities.


Lj\=S:>

take

with a red colouring wood INF. tabq'nn, dye red.


(jib)

ii.

buqti(riyija-t,

an ample white
go
pass, be inf. baqa',
; ;

garment.

(^)

baqa', inf. baq',

baqi\ a. abused; be spotted (white and black) be satisfied with little be void be wet in some of (er* tnin)
;

baqd, u, INF. baqdwa-t, look expect inf. regard baqw, hciqwa-f, baqdwa-t, protect, i baqwa-f, inf. of preserve; baqwa, bvqu-a, re<^ (<J^)

upon,

't

mainder
or
alive
;

what
;

has

ii. inf. spot white v. inf. and black ; stain sprinkled tabaqqii', be wetted, be spotted in some places VII. INF. iinbiqd', walk fast viii. INF. ihtiqd', change (colours,

places
tabqi',

and

stained

go anywhere

preserved
life.

what

been left remains


baq-an,

(^)

baqi,

A, INF.

baqd',

j<i>

baqa', spottedness jil.buqa', spot, stain;


;

remain, endure, survive inf. baqy, look at continue inf. or upon, regard observe ii. baqwa-t, protect, preserve; INF. tabqi i/a-t, render lasting, leave precause to remain
baqy,
;

baq'a-t,

buq'a-t,

baq'a-t,

pi.

buqa',

biqd',

place
;

spot ; low ground with water building. \*ai baq'd', spotted, f of ^\ abqa'.
.

(^\*ai biiq'dn, pi.

Ethiopian slaves.

(Jiij)

baqal, u, inf. baql, appear, push (as a plant, a tooth) get green ; make to sprout

the iv. preservation of one's life INF. ibqd', let remain, cause to spare fail last, preserve alive v. inf. to destroy entirely remain tabaqqi, preserve alive vi. inf. tabdqi, alive; be left; remain alive one and the other
for
;

alive; qiya-t, fight

serve

III.

INF.

mubd-

another

inf. buqill, begin gather food ii. inf. tabqil, to grow a beard keep cause to sprout, to push iv. inf. one's animals well ibqnl, push forth (a.); get green; begin to grow a beard bring to light, show openly pasture (a.) V. inf. tabaqqul, fetch food
;
;

INF. inibiqd', be left, VII. x. inf. istibqd, preserved spare leave alive preserve S part of a thing (^^ iniii) baqiyya-t, pi. baqdyd, remainder, sparing, prelife rest, surplus
;

servation.

M? baqyd = (^}^
;f>

baqioa, buqwa,q.Y.

pasture (n.)

vii. inf. imbiqdl.

baqir, i baqira-t, without sleeves.

under-garment

, ;

; ; ;

J^
5*"} baq!', place witli roots of trees

136

e^
of prayer; do anything too early; cause to rise or to come early III. INF. inubi1kara-t, come iv. the morning early in hasten to come INF. iblc'ir, id. cause to come early ; early

haqi'a-t, fields.
i
,

Js^

baqil,

* hiKjihi-t,

producing greens soup of vegetables;


INF.
!iald;

hitqaiJa-f,

small cabbagcsplant.
hatka-t,
;

(cdi) hcd-l; V,

break into pieces rate sjjoil press, urge; one's head humiliate poor vi. (m.) vomit taha/<k, he pressed upon other, press one another
tear,
; ; ; ;

sepalireak

grow
inf.

each
in
a

water the cattle v. inf. early in the morning; viii. inf. tabal-Jcur, anticipate come early ; ibtihlr, rise early come at the beginning of the sermon; eat the first fruit; lie
antici]3ate
; ;

throng.
bil.-iV,

the
she-camels

first to

with
; ;

milk, pi. of >_s^ crying, INF. of

lial.-:'

who
milk
;

(^)
;

halchV

little

givi- first

do anything deflower birth to a boy.


;

hid-'l,

baJmr,
bakir,

morning; haste, hurry


balmr,

who
early
;

rises

cries

much

having

little

does

anything

or bakr,

hiihn, pi. of ^\'. h.Uo,

biikr, i, pi. iihkur, bijkr'hi, bik'h;

crying, weeping.
usi'.^ hi'l-nbil-, lively, sprightly.

;^

biliilr,

young she-camels,

ij^.

hal;ra-t;

ru-t,
pi.

virginity; young

pi.

of

bak''ini-t,

bil;d-

camels,

^^ buh'ima-t, dumbness.
(j^^
y.)^^
biil-l-iin,

of ^. bakr.

bah rra -1 y oxiBg camel; akbur, virgin, maiden; first-born having given birth or produced fruit for the first time what has never been before spring-eloud heavy with rain

biki'ira-f,
6(7i;r,

pi.
;

ji^
abaJd-,

pi.

of

u=X>\

U^

strenuous, &c. bakuwiy, pi. of ij^i^. bearing early fruit, &c. hahiii/d, she-camels with little milk, pi. (if 4S-^; ha/.-l'a-t. (tilfSo) hal-baJc, INF. thrcjw one
,
ii

thing upon another


turvy
(o-Sj)
;

turn

ti'|isy-

press (n.)
;

come and
bald,

gi);

move, shake
haliaf,
;

lick.

r,

INF.

beat,
tabkit,
;

strike

receive
;

unpleasant ii. reproach scold


;

with
;

anything
up-

hyi darbat bikr, deadly stroke of j^io hakur, y^. 1)1. S bakir, bearing early fruit bakra-f, pil. bikih-, young shecamel troop, number of people bakra-f, bakara-t, pi. bakar, bakiirat, pulley water-wheel wheel; troop; bakaraf, rings of a dagaer-belt bikra-t, virgin ; biikra-t, pi. bukar, "arlv morning bukrai-ini, early in the morning; (m.) to-morrow; ba'da bukrat-hi, the day after to;

biikr,

inf.

morrow.
S;^;

chide

liraid

silence

by arguments

bakraj

(c:fi baijraj),

can, tank-

V. INF.

tabaJdiuf,

be scolded;
re-

ard (Turk).
<^;^ bikriyy, virginal. ((_r-^) bakas, u, inf.
baks,

have c[ualms of conscience,


morses.

over-

(^)

balmr, v, inf. biikrr, hajipen early in the morning rise earlv do anything or come early in the mdriiing; hdcir, a, inf. ?^a/iar, hasten; ii. inf. iabkir,
; ;

come, vanquish an enemv.

u^

bakas, v, inf. bakii, loosen the tethers of a camel.


baka',
a,

(ff^)

inf.

bak',

receive
;

rise,

set

nut,

do

anythin;;',
;

eome

early in the morning antieipate; cimie in time for the beginning

with anything unpleasant scold into silenee beat violently and repeatedly in different jilaees cut give the whole ; go any;
;

;; ;

;; ;;

ClU.

137

where;
i^>
_

II.
;

into silence
hnlaih,

inf. tabht', scold cut into pieces. pi. vigorous fellows


;

weepnig
pi. bikd',
little
jiH:

bak

bakl,
iijd,

baki'a-i,

she-camel with

milk.
i

frisky donkeys. (jSo) hakal, u, inf. haU, mix; prepare the dish balcilat ; speak confusedly ii. inf. tabJdJ,
;

bakh-,

bak

'ra-t, pi. bnl;r, biiki

bak, -jr very early.


,5o

q.v.

b!kk! >;

JS^

bakil,

neat

careful

mix; pass. hukJcil bi-hi, he is hand and glove with him (m.)
buckle

bakila-t {p\^>.
flour,

bakdla-t), dish of
;

button v. inf. tabakkul, conquer and make booty; offer one thing for sale against another get the Itetter of (ace. or ^JJl 'ala) by scolding and beating get confused in speaking walk haughtily viii.
;

dates, &c.

mixed herd
nature,

plunder,
1*^^
bakiiii,

booty
pi.

con-

dition, state.

bukmdtu

deaf;

dumb,
(J>)

silent.

bull, V, inf. ball, billa-t, wet, sprinkle inf. baJl, bildl, benefit one's relatives, be on
;

J^

tbtiJidl, carry off as a booty. bakal, bakl, booty, plunder; bakl, mixture, 6 confusion
;

INF.

bikla-t,
bilcla-t,

nature,

form,

site

bukla-t, pi.

bikal,

bukal,

inf. INF.
;

good terms with them bless anyone (ace.) with (ace. or >_. bi) drop sow (the ground)
; ; ;

ball, buh'il, balal, ball,

recover be given to, infatuii)


;

bikldt,

buckle (m.).

ated with

fs-"

go, travel

if'^)

bakiin, a, inf.

f>^.

ma-t, be dumb; balcmn, inf. bakuma-t, be obstinately silent abstain from sexual intercourse V. ^K!\ 64^ ^Cj tabakkam
;

bahnn, bakd-

INF.

buh'il,
;

blow damp and cold


balil,

escaf)e

a,
;

inf.

balal,
;

'ale-lii

al-kahlm, he speaks with

vanquish, conquer know be quarrelsome, ojipressive, impious undergo great calamity be always by one's side
; ;

difficulty.
;

bakam, dumbness bukm, pi. of i^\ ahkam, dumb. yUi^ buhndn, pi. of ^-^ baknn,

dumb.
)}^ bakur,
bukr, bearing early fruit (date-tree) early fruit first spring-rain ; bukur, inf.
pi.
;

INF. balal, baldla-t, bulnl, be infatuinf. ated, in love with (>- bi) also billa-i, balla-t, be wet, (n.) ii. moist disperse inf. tablil, wet through, water IV. INF. ibldl, escape recover; bear fruit wander in the desert travel drop, driji go be mabalil,

and

balaJ, inf. buh'd,

^.j)^ bukdriyya-f, primogeniture.

licious
;

and

(ij^) baka, i, inf. buk-ati, bukd', weep INF. bukd', weep over, lament (ace.) sing ii. inf. tabkd', tibkd' weep violently inf. tahkiyat, cause to weep weep, lament vie in iir. weeping; iv. inf. ibkd' cause to weep push to extremes VI. force one's self to weej) VII. be induced to weep viii. cause to weep. ^^> bakiyy, who weeps easily ; a little buktyy, pi. of ^^> bdki,
; ; ;

quish be absent,
^(/)ffW'(Z,

vanmischievous refuse be unwilling


; ;

v. inf. hidden scratch the ground;


;

v., VII.

(iNP. unhihil), VIII. (inf.

ibtildl),
v.,

get wetted,

moistened;
gi't

VIII. recover;

better;

X. INF. -istibldl, id.

J> bal, or rather, on the contrary; no nay certainly sometimes who frees 6a??, strong desire himself from an obligation by unjust quarreller perjury

able,

doughty

bill,

common

18

:^?

138
fc??,
S

uUj
JS^
baldl,

property;
of
J>^

ahctU,

bunch

of balla-t, drop moisture hilla-t, moisture eloquence distinct pronunciation; inf. of (J?); hulla-t, sap; pi. hiJ'il, last touches of love wickedness.
;
;

grass wetting
remedy
;

pi.

bnldl,

bildl,

moisture;
;

q.v.

bida-t,

&c., milk, water, union benefit refreshment

freshness;

6(7'??, pb 1^^*' with relatives linballdl, touches of love seed seeds of vegetables who waters bal'du-t, inf. of (J?) driblet, biddla-f, moisture
;
;

jji;

"h

laid', visitation, affliction,

cala-

biddlir,

crystals,
level

pi.

of

j)^

mity; sorrow; trcuble; bravery;

wear of cIothing J> hi-ld, without, beyond


adultress
bulbul;
;

bil-an
;

haUa,
;

bdaur,

balh'ir.

WS4
^SSu

baldl, t,

ground
j)l.

broad
of

pavement.
lalUi',

of Ji\
of

q.v.

sewers,
'i

^1^

^}>h haldbil, nightingales, pi. of J^l?

bald'(i-f.

i^^

bali'i-K-t.
,

sorrow
zeal.

pi.

il-b
pi.

balbala-t,
baldbil,

(jh balldn,i.

waiter in a jjublic
pi.
-''/,

bidubil,
;

bath;
bath.

balldiia-t,

warm

agile, active

balihil,

vigour and
;

^h
prudence
inf.

baldha-f.
baldhiii,

utter
tyi>h

stupidity,
lives

^^i

baldia-t,

of

idiotcy.
(jJi>h

baldhi,

t3^h bahhtq, extensive sbeets of


stagnating
bvlsuq.

passed in ease and enjoyment,


pi. of A j.i q l; bidalinit/a-t.
^.1^

water,

pi.

of

oj'^

baldyd,

i^ bildh, having heavy hips (woman) buldh, holm-oak.


<^'h

balda-t inf.
;

J\-l}

pi. of *-Jj baliyya-t, q.v. balbdd, i balbdla-t, pi. baldhd,


;

bildd,

cities,

&c.,

pi.

of
;

iijJj

ii

baldda-t,

iii. of (^^) stupidity, silliness,

folly.

Sjh baldraj, stork.


(j5\?)

bal'az,
;

run
jSj

inf. eat one's fill.


ii

flee

jump,

emotion, anxiety, sorrow wolf 6 balbdla-t, vigour and zeal; see the following. mix, throw (J*^) balbal, inf. S together or into confusion; bring about difference of opinion, differ in views squander disquiet or

irritate

by innuendoes

inf.

bul'az,

short,
;

strong

and

balbdla-t, bdbdl, irritate, incite;


11. INF. bUbdl, be confused (speech) ii. inf. tabalbul, be agitated, disquieted, con;

hardened
yI^ balds,

Satan.
coarse cloth

pi. buhts,

mattress.

J^^ bdd^
gratis
t.;ij
;

(for ^i>

h
;

in vain

bidd mtj-in), without reason.


,

({j'h) bal'a^:, INF. baldt, level

flee.
;

fused have grazed off all the herbs of a pasture-ground. ,J4i bidbul, jil. baldhd, nightingale
;

ground

smooth
flats

(Pers.)

bidbul,

pipe, channel,
;

pavement; bricks or paving palace. ^^% biddti/i, broad, wide.


;

for

S agile and helping balbala-t, emotion, anxietv, sor-

groove

(Je!1>
A5\i

bald'iq, pi. sjsacious.


balld'a-t, pi. baldl!', sewer.

th

baldg,

arrival
&(i.)

delivoi-y
;

message,
baJdifa-i,
talk';

enough;

(of a sufficiency
(

hdihj.

III.
;

jlj)

eloquciicc

(^);

pi.

baldqdt,

confusion, confusion of pearl pi. baldbd, bulbula-t, can with a pipe travelling litter btdbuUyy, agile, nimble, ready (as a helper, &r.). (opb) balat, I, INF. halt, cut, cut
;

row

languages sorrows
; ;

h,dd,j,i, Indrnj,,,

eloqut'ut, clear.

intd jiieres balat, r, inf. bait, also balit, A, INF. balat, lie cut,
;

; ;

cOj
separate (n.) ; balut, inf. 6abe reserved and prudent; IV. INP. iblot, uri4-e to take an oath; VII. INF. inb'ih'it, be cut, separated. ii^ baltdt, cutting, severing,

139

^
(^)

luta-t,

bali/i, A, INF. bahih, and v. INF. tahaUiili, be proud, haughty. ^J balk, oak-tree of some kind height, greatness balk, bilh, haughty, proud high, elevated,
;

sublime.
^&1 balhd' , f.

splitting.

of

^y

ablah, stupid.

(C^)
II.

ialta',

sly,

cunning

f.
;

balta'a-t,

talkative
tabaltu',
;

woman
whet

(jij-ail>

balahs,
;

hyacinth

(precious

stone)
((ja^iJu),

ruby.
INF.
tabalhiis,

INF.

one's

II.

be big

tongue for abuse


baltl'.
j_j>U;d>

part, miitaaffects wit

and
i-iilj

large, be

much

of a thing.

ij^sM balhas, thick, coarse.

baJta'dniyy,
balta'iyy,

who

balahiyija-t,

pomegranate tree
huli'id,

and elegance.
,_5^

of

some kind.
balad, A, inf.
it

eloquent

bold,

(jAj)

reside,
a,

courageous.

take a place for a dwelling and


people,

(^)
men
j^il}

baltam,
;

number

of

defend

by arms
;

stammerer.

(^J^) balta, INF. baltdt, cut. lulsuq, extensive sheet of stagnating water. (gU) balaj, V, inf. bulilj, glitter, inf. balj, open i, shine baUj, A, inf. bcddj, have the eye-brows separated; rejoice; light up, IV. INF. ibldj, shine make clear, unveil distinguish, v. inf. taseparate; rejoice;
;

inf. balad, INF. balad, id. eye-brows have the balda-t, balud, balid and separated; impudent, be baldda-t, inf. ii. shameless, stupid, lazy accliINF. tablid, naturalise ; matise not care for anything be miserly without getting rich ;
;

balid,

throw one's self on the ground iii. not rain remain behind
;

INF. bildd, mubdlada-f, fight


;

balluj, vxi. INF. iiibihij, viii. inf.


ibtildj,

shine,

V. rejoice,
;

sj)oken cleared up, unveiled, revealed.


gJii

dawn, brighten be open, outlaugh iblijdj, be xi. inf.


; ;

iv. one with a sword or stick INF. ibldd, cause one to settle in stick to a a place (two ace.) have (from poverty) place
; ;

any
;

stupid and lazy beasts of bur-

den

V.

&?cy, *=J4 bulja-t,


;

balja-t, bulja-t, the eye-brows light, brightness; twilight, dawn; balj, pi. of ^\ ablaj, shining having the eye-brows separated,

space between

&c.

buJuj, pi.

who have smooth


dry up
;

(jjj) halah, A, inf. baUt,


i-^F. btiluh,
;

weak; flow be &c.) be be tired INF. bear unripe dates INF. inf. tabalhih=:n. INF.
tired,
off
II.

beardless cheeks.

naturalised occupy a deserted country, take fall to the ground possession show or pretend to be stuj^id be lazy be confused, perplexed be moved with passion; sigh clap the hands with grief xiv. turn the palms outside; INF. iblindd', l>e strongly built
acclimatised,
; ; ; ; ;

INF. or

taballud,

be

lost (as labotu-,


tablih,

and of firm
J.)>

flesh.
pi.

iv.

balad,

bildd,

bulddn,
;

ibld^,

city, district, province,

V.

vi.

tabdhih,
other.
gi}

give
5
,

the

lie

to

each
green-

country dwelling domicile, house, ground where no tire Mecca has been burning nor a well
;
;

bala^,
ness.

unripe date

been
nest,

dug;

pi.
;

ostrich

ahldd, ostrichburial-place,

; ;

; ;

^
loml.i
; ; ;

U6
(j^,)
balas,

ki}

sign, trace twcutj-first station of the moon space between the eye-bi'ows and the root of the nose fore-neck, chest pahn of the hand principle, element halad,
;
;

tangle;

buld,

plummet
between

(m.) embarrass, enINF. tablls, begin, inf. inbdds, VII. undertake; get embarrassed, entangled; be viii. inf. ibtilo^, in a plight; undertake.
ii.

hidda-t,

d.i.b bala.-C-t,

embarrassment.

space
f,\A>

the

eye-brows
loosely

shape of the face.


bUdihii,

heron. ^^jJu balaxihu, (^x^ halas^'ni, (yJj), II. halla^, inf. tahlif, take
one's property; I., II. (m.) oppress with taxes; have li+tle in. inf. mubdmilk (sheep) lasa-t, rush upon or against v. INF. tahallus, graze the pasture bare look for in secret long or vn. (m.) li) strive fur (J INF. inhlld/:, ije oppressed with XIV. inf. iblin.^d', detaxes; undress put off part, go away
all
;

hddihna-i,
of ^. halad.
i
,

built.

O^-^

hiildiiii, pi.

(c-^O haldah, inf.


self

throw one's
;

on the ground
the
;

i.

INF. iahalduh, promise

promise inf. stretch far and wide decay, get destroyed. ((^O haldam, ixf. is, be afraid and
iblinddh,

keep

in.

and ii. and not

keep silent. haldam, (^


indigestible (also (-^).
t^ji}
;

larynx peevish
;

huldum,
;

blunt

baladiyy, countryman, native.

one's clothes. baha-i, oppression hah, u=l.> heavy taxation. (^jJij), II. INF. tabahuq, look for enter into relationin secret
'i ;
;

ship.
(l.oU)

(jl), III.

INF. iiinbuhiza-t, and viii. IXF. ihtihh, take, receive. (jh) hiliz, hill:.::, short and stout

hahaiii. INF. i, flee.


half,
;

(kli)

hahd, V, INF.

pave;

li.

(woman).

(u^)
rate

bih, soda.

((j~^), II.
;

INF. tahh't:, drive despeIV. INF. ihlds, despair


;
;

perplexed confound be silent with grief be prevented from the jjilgrimage. be


;

(j~l*

balas,

reprobate,

kind

up

of tig; in grief
;

lentil
buh!..<.

wicked
bidu/,

halig,

a wrajiped
;

fillip the ear INF. tablit, id. get tii-ed and weak with walkIII. INF. mtihdlata-f, flee ing make efforts, exert one's self descend into the plain for comfight anyone with the bat iv. inf. ibh'if, pave; sword;fall on the pavement (rain) get poor and therefore Imund pass. id. to a ]ilace take
;

lnd>',

huhi.^,

pi

of

V'

iS4

from (ace.) make ill-tempered by begging or askeverything


;

|,L.b bihi'nn, pleuris}'.

y\

h
tree.

hiihis'iii,

balsam,

balsam-

liXlj

hahak, bur.
hahiim,i-sv.
i
,

(^~1})

on
II.
A.J
\>

put balsam be silent from fear; look sour;


a

wound;

embalm;

ing questions v. inf. taballu/, vi. inf. get paved; tabdliit, tight each other with the sword be foolhardy, hector; vn. inf. inhil'l(, rem(.ive to a great distance lie far awav. hiilt, halt, turuing-lathe

hulut,

pi.

INF. iabalsuni,
hiihania-i,
h,

id.

fellows
(m.).

deserters impudent (Soufis) (m.) fool;

embalming
lentil.

hardv

swaggerer

halta-t,

y-.*

Inilsainiii,
i
,

balsam-tree.

^^V

bulsini,

axe of a sapper, executioner (m.) bal{a-f, hour; space of time;

14i

u.

^<
occupy
bahhja-t,

auythiug unexpected destiny hill (m.) causeway, high road


;

entirely;

be

balmj, inf. elociuent btstov/


;

poor, moneyless.
^_3a,U>

pains on
pi.

{^Jl f'l)

anything

ii.
;

laltajitjy,

haltajiyya-t,

INF.

{j^i)

sapper; executioner (Turk.). haltah=t^ baldah (m.) flatten anything convex ii. INF. tdbaUuh, be flattened. {^) ball', hala\ a, inf. hala\ swallow j.ierce ii. inf. {cihli', give to swallow, mako swallow begin to ajipear (white
;

cause to obtain send inform report upon ((j^ 'nil.) give with outstretched arms the reins to a horse
tablig,
;
; ;

hair); iv. inf. Ihl,!', make swallow, allow to swallow (one's spittle, i.e., grant him a delay, a respite); vii. inf. inUh'i', get swallowed; vin. inf. ihtijj'i', swallow, especially without chew-

INF. laubdlaga-t, bihig, exert one's self zealously in a matter do a thing to perfec((^ /') tion, accomplish get the better in a dispute exaggerate iv. INF. iblag, send or bring news V. INF. taballiig, be satisfied
III.
;
;

ing

feed on
;

(s-> hi).
;

baJu',

glutton of the moon

swallowing twenty-third

&i(7rt',

with (v> 60 not give in until the place is reached ; fall upon with violence increase (illness, ^'-) VI. INF. tabdbig, oppress vm. pass, vhtulig, it is enousrh.
;
;

glutton hole of a pulley, a mill-stone, &c. u~*l; bala'big, pi. miracles, mar-

mouthful

station hahCa-t, gulp,


;

j^

baJg,

hilg,

b'dag,
;

elociuent

distinct,

clear

btila'a-t,

strength
irresistible
biilag,

(army)
;

bal'u-t,

pi.

buJa',

is

superior in penetrating,
hulga-t,
coll.

what

sufficient

to live

vels.

<^*^

bal'as,

fat
fat,

and flabby

upon

sufficiency.
pi.

bulagii',

of

jjj balig, elo-

quent, &c.
jV*l>

bal\isa-f,

ill-tempered (woflabby.

bulgdr,

Bulgaria

perfumed

man).
(j~*1j

leather.

bains, fat

and

*i-^ balgaf, fat and flabby;


balgasn-t,

(Jl?

balaq, best kind of dates.


inf. ', cut (with the

flabbiness

flaccid-

(uiiad;) hal'al-,

ness.
b((lgam, pi. baldgim, phlegm balgamiyy, jihlegmatic. (^1? bUagn, pi. baldgin, eloquent.
ffi^.

sword).
u^1j

old and with loose flesh stupid, contemptible a kind of date. bal'ain, (^^>) iNF. i, swallow greedily. ,*1> bal'am, glutton who swallows greedily; bul'um, pi. bah'i'im,
bal'aJc,
; ;

{^ytAt

bitagin, bvlagin, misfortune; danger; completion, end.


baliiii,
;

(^3^!)

u, INF.

walk fast
or with
sition,

inf.
;

hidi'q,

hasten,
ofl",

balq, carry

wash away

alimentary canal, gullet.

ojien a door entirely violence, and, by oppo-

y-^U
Ijl;

bil'aus, foolish

woman.
alimentary

close the door;


A,

assault,
;

bul'ihn, pi. bahl'liii,


;

commit a rape (on a


ballg.

slave-girl)
;

canal
(gl>)

gullet

cave, groove.
buhkj,
;

reach, attain to puberty grow of age come to conquer, over{tj\ ila, v" bi) come, get the better of (ace.)
balag,

v, inf.

buUiq baluq, INF. balJc, be spotted (white and black) have white legs (horse)
inf.
; ;

be about to reach
; ;

baliq, a, inf. halaq,


;

perplexed
piebald, black)
;

be stunned,
ibldq,

iv.

inf.

be

spotted (white and beget j^iehald foals

^
open a door with violence
INF.
taballiiq,
;

142

.1}

shine,

flash

v.

ZXili

(ci3j.Ji})

VII. INF. iiibU'iq, be opened entirely or with violence viii. INF. ihtildq, shine, flash ix. INF. ibiiqdq, XI. INF. ibliqdq, be
;

balandah, short and plump. balandah, inf. iblinddk, be spacious be level with the
;

ground. ^jJi; balandam, loosely built.


balanda, broad, wide. and strong. pitch. ; balansam, tar, ^ kd} balnat, a coarse kind marble.
^x:.\3
^j.il>
. .... ^ l

piebald; xiv. inf. ibliiiqdq, be clearly distinguished from others


(road).
(jl}

balanza, stout

of

balaq, being piebald (white


;

and
;

black)

door

tent of camel-hair a kind of marble mad-

jiul)

balanqa',
balili.

distinct,

trodden

ness snakes bald


; ;

dense
;

crowd
^3^\

(road).
(&lj)

bidq,

A, INF.

balah, baldha-t,
;

f.

pi.
ii

of

ablaq,

pie-

bidqa-t, spottedness.

^1j

bahqd,

of

ijl;^

ablaq, piebald.

(^aSL) bubj^tif,
(giil})

short; dwarfish.
,

balqa\ inf. i be uncultivated and uninhabited iii. INF. iblinqii', subside, pass away
;

(grief)
jiil}

shine. balqa', i balqa'a-f, pi.


;

bah'iqi',

uncultivated and lonely country


;

bad woman;
Lyils bulqiit,

^^

uninhabited thoroughly balqa'iyy, with


;

be careless, thoughtless, stupid be simple and good-natured not be able to state one's reamubdlaha-f, INF. III. sons iv. inf. act stupidly towards inf. stupid; v. find ibh'ih, taballuh, bo stupid; show stulook for a pidity or simplicity stray animal; walk carelessly on a wrong road without asking;
;

VI. INF. tahdiuh,

show

stupidity,

pretend to be
i^i

stujjid.

a broad head (arrow).


short.
(isUi) baliik, u, INF. balk,
(diXlj) lalkasa-t,
(jiJij)

balah,

ishness

stupidity, idiotcy, loutbalha, leave off

mix.

have done
;

a large mouse.
i
,

not considering that, without regard


balJia
ind,

baUia\ INF.

cut, cut ofE.


;

J)j

youth
;

moisture freshness of health well-being banwealth (after poverty) endurance in sufferings quet remains of food trifle bulal, crop Imllal, seed, moist,
balal,
; ;

damp

to bulk, pi. of ^\ ablaJi, stupid. ^a^ balk''', of high rank or birth; f. of i^\ ablah, stupid, ic. (u*^) balhas, in'f. walk fast. flee from {{j='^) balha^, inf. i fear; ii. inf. tabalhns, put off one's clothes.
,

'
;

balnla-i,

bulvla-t,
;

((J9^)

bilhiq,

talking

much and

moisture remainder, rest misfortune pi. balaldf, last love touches of biilala-f, form, state, condition. (^) balam, u, inf. buliii, long fur ii. inf. the stallion; tabllm,
;
;

blushing frequently (woman).


<s~^? balcikniya-t, pi. baldhi, baldhin,
life

without cares, abundance of

wealth.
)j^. baJahicar, spaciou.s.

spoil,
I.

mar;
;

iv.

inf.
;

and

II.

be silent

iblnii

'i

(^)

vii. inf.
;

(m.) be silent balama-t, rut (of a she-camel). UJ.} balmii', 14th night of the month.
inbiliim,

(^

balanta', clever, cunning, sly;


ii

balanta'a-f, talkative

woman.

bald, r, INF. balw, bald', try, probe, test, put to severe trials, grieve (a.) make public ball, A, INF. bil-an, bald', be old and worn be clad or covered be seized with sorrow and fear; be rotten; pass. INF. baly, be tied uj) at her
;

;; ; ; ; ;

e>?

;;

^
master's
liya-t,

143
to
;

tomb

hunger (she-camel)

inf.

die

from
tah-

'^^

bidi'ih,
;

division

company

of

soldiers

squadron (Turk.).
6

wear out a garment; cause one to put on an old garment


III.

J^
t5^

buliV,
;

buh'ila-t^^iik

bnhila-f,

q.v.

INF. hihV, vinhiUiH (also pay regard, show attendance boast vie in boastbi'd,

see (J>)-

balii!-aii^=t,}h bilwa-t, q.v.

hiUa-t),

^^
a

bala, yes, indeed, in


;

answer to

ing IV. ibid' wear out inform, give news or intelligence bestow a benefit or an advantage on (ace.) cause to take an oath take an oath be satisfied try, put to the test
;

cleanse

prowess in

show zeal show combat publish


;
;

negative question bil-an, ^i;), bal-an threadbareness ( (m.) bily, putrifaction pi. i, aUiV=^} bilw; baliyy, f. worn, threadbare JW bdli (m.) bulla, wealth putrid i baliyy aafter poverty f, pi.

baluyij,

baliyyiU, visitation;
;

ca-

lamity
tied

State,

INF. iahiU-ui, tabijli, viii. question, crossexamine put to the test, try be visited by (s-> 60 calamities exact an oath.
VI.

up

at

condition camel the tomb of her


;

INF.

ihtihV,
;

administrator pi. )W manager camel emaciated by the journey down in the world equal to calamities,
bilw,
cibli'i',
; ; ;

master. yVJj balaydn, people without order or leader gone nobody knows whither. <.s-^ bilUt, taciturn wise,
; ;

g-li

balij,

resplendent,

shining
;

clear,

distinct,

open

billij,

oar (m.).

inured, experienced;*
trial,

biltca-t,
;

balid,

stupid,

idiotic

experiment
;

visitation,

temptation punishaffliction
;
;

biilaida-t, little village,


)l> bil'iz,

hamlet.
eloquent,

ment

grief

C^
_)jl^

balilh,

(m.) leprosy. without emptied well


;
;

short and strong.


pi.

,3-Ij

baliq,

bulaqd',
;

relations, friendless.
bilaur, billaur, ballitr, pi. bah'ilir,

mature,

complete
;

efficacious,

effective, forcible

considerable,

crystal, beryl

billavr, tall

and
(a

stout

brave.
ii

(j^^) balwaz, inf. picture, m.).

frame

numerous, innumerable. JJb balll, sound, noise, tumult balil, balila.-t, cold damp wind preceded by Jjli qalil, balil,
;

little,
;

small quantity

bulail,

something, a little md balus, nothing. s^ tjl> baUitt, oak-tree; acorn; ty^ sdh halh'it, hazel-nut tree,
y-^j
balus,

open road.

bi-ma, for &c.


;

bamm,
;

Uj

chestnut-tree.
gjl} baliV,

string, bass buvi), owl.

bum

pi.

bi-md, whereby, bumilm, bassin

(for

f>)i

wide.
pi.

U? bi-md, whereby, so that

never-

ic^j

ballu'a-t,

baldW, sewer,
arrived bvJi'ig, puberty, age, majority
;

sink.
baltig, who g^j highest (m.)
;

has

maturity

full

whereby ? how ? why ? theless what for ? yj l,an=^y. bal, rather, &c. bun, ban, for (^>^ ihii, between bimi, fat; two proper names;
; ;

execution, accomplishment, completion (^)icjl!

bad-smelling
;

place

bnmi,
;

bitlmjiyya-f,

puberty,

ma-

coffee-tree coffee-berry banna-i, pi. bind a, smell, odour.

ii

turity.

((^)

bann,

i,

inf.

bunn,

stand,


u?

144

remain,

stay,

tahnin, tie to fatten


ihni'iii^l.

up animals in them
settle
; ;

ii.

inf.

(e^) haiiah, A, inf.

hatih,

cut into

order
inp.

iv.

^
J.AJ

slices.

huniih, pi. gifts, presents. (Pers.), banner, land, pi.

lumU

bi-vi'i,

by

us,

with

us, &c.
;

(W)

pi. pi.

btniV, INP. (i_s^) pi. ahiiiijn-t, ahniyilt, building, struc; ;

vJ^

ture

vault; form conjugation hanii'l'j pi. hanniVun, builder;


haniH, daughters, &c.,
iji>-01

architect.
pi.

legion of 10,000 men; pawn in chess band sworddivision, chapter noose belt oblong flat stone; (m.) gut II. hannad, inf. tahnid, array in liattle-order; cut flat-stones, cut
flag;
;

of

in stone.
j\j,Aj

t^.^ hint;
jjs<J^
cu^-i.;

u;j^> hanntii-'ii-

hnndi'i-,

pi.

haii'''dira-i,

fore-

na's-i, constellation of

the bear

staller, wlio
;

buys up, buyer on

hanatu-'l-hahf-i, syren.s, mermaids, dolphins '^.y\ cyU>


;

jj-i

hanatu-H-arhaH-i, Tvord of four consonants. ijjUj hanudira-t, pi. of ^^t hiiiidor.


(3?.J^
haiii'idlij, pi.

speculation. handar, pi. htioldir, harbour, port; emporium; (m.) workshop; _jjLu sU. ,s'(?/( handar, syndic of thi.'

merchants.
(^3JL4)

(^ ha nil III, for

of li^-^ hinnh'tq-

handaq,ivY.i, give a glo;


;

oW

hanihi,
hin'ni,

',

finger,

hiunlna-t, maghanna-t; nificent garden, rich meadow.


h\^. hiti'hja-t, lofty building.
(ct~jj),

smells,

finger-top; scents, ]i\. of

many
ts^."

hannat, inf. tahnit, ask communicate questions everything; blame, scold.


II.
;

fix one's bular form to (ace.) (m.) look sharply at {J'\ ila) cause to cause to degenerate beget bastards. ^^dij bunduq, i, pi. hani'dlq, hazelball(m.); nut, nut; sling-stone (^ bunduqiijij, dress of finest linen h hundnqiyya-i, gun,
;

musket.
hundiiq, pi. hanndiq, bastard gun, musket (m.). ijssx^, bandaira-t, banner, flag, banderol, pennon, streamer (m.). (^.-.u) hanis. A, inf. banas, shuu or ii. isr. tabnis, escape an evil iv. inf. remain behind, tarry
oj-i^
;

Jin/,
;

pi.
;

haiiiU,

girl

puppet
as
:

daughter frec|uent in comv-j

position,
ktfat-i,

iAAJ\

hinfii-'s-

daughter
;

of

the

lip,

speech

J<-=J^

v
;

hintn-'J-jahal-i,
;

daughter of the mountain, echo (^s3\ v_> hiiitii-l-'ain-i, daughter


of the eye, tear
'l-'inah-i,
s-a*5\

wj hintu-

ibiids^i. ((ji-ii) banas, v, inf. bans, slacken,


relax, bo remiss in
II.

wine;
filial.

daughter of the grape, (^ hintiiji/, daughterlv, henbane, a


hiiij,

anything;
with

INF. tabnis, id.


hanis,

tj^>
soporific
fa-

cloak

sleeves

(g-4)

haiij,

herb;

root,

origin;

(Turk.) j'^ hinsir,

pi. 6ni'S('r,

ring-finger.

^ the
II.

mily.
hdiiaj,
V, INF. hanj, return to original or former state
;

>^

hiiii-iii-,

clitoris.
;

INF. tahnlj, drug by the plant iv. inf. haiij peep, cluck m- arro<^ate a noble ihiii'ij, claim

^>

ijs-^. hull itiru-t, ]il. ?ia'?y/r,

window-

hole (Prrs,).

hanafsaj, violet (Pers.) banafsajiyy, violet colour. ((3-=-0 banaq, u, inf. banq, arrive plant 2^alms on jiart of a valley II. inf. tnhniij, IV. inf. ibnuq, remain in a pjlace ill. II. speak tersely and concisely forge a lie cut one's back bv
;

^
;

;; ; ;;

; ; ;

(JW
lashing put round one's neck put a gore into a shift or shirt
;

145
corrupt

(language)
; ;

hunydn,
rampart

building, edifice

wall,

baniqa-t) quiver wide at the narrow at the bottom.

(see

^a#Aj

make a
top

and

^^

^4

binaqa-t, opening of a shirt or shift at the breast.


II.
;

(cdi}),

INF. tabnilc, go a-gossip-

ing
V.

tell,

INF.

narrate tabannuk,

perform
stand

foundation gJU v" hunydn sdlih, edifying example. baniqa-t, pi. hand'iq, shoot of a vine tuft of hair gore of a dress or shirt opening of a shirt or shift at the breast.
; ; ; ;

y^
1^.

firm

remain.

bank, pi. buni'ik, bank (m.) hunk, root essence or best part of a thing. ^4 banti, sons, pi. of yj\ ibn; bunuwwa-t, sonship, filiation.
; ;

>^

hanin, firmly built or founded wise. hah, well done bravo 61-^1,
!

by him, with him, &c.


(<^)

bahh,

u,

INF.

hahh,

rise

in

honour and authority with the


sovereign.
(Wi) haha', hahi', bahu', inf. hah', bahd', buhu', get accustomed to (s^ hi) baha', understand ; a,
;

ii

ii>>y<

bannuda-f, back

buttocks.

jy>. bani'ir, tried,

experienced.
pi.

yyj bannn, sons,


ijj^ banawiyy,

of (^\ ibn.

INF. bah', empty or destroy the tent or house ; iv. inf. ibhd',
id.
;

filial,

referring to or
Wj

VIII. INF. ibtihd', get ac-

becoming a
(l5^)
ici-n,d,

son.
I,

customed.
bahd',

INF. bany, bind', bunydn, binya-t, bindya-t, build, construct, raise inf. hind', in;

gance

beauty,
bi-hd,

brilliance,

ele-

with her.

grammatically, strengthen, fatten assist by benefits lead a bride in procession to her new home lie with a woman inf. ii. tahniya-t, build iv. inf. ihnd', give materials for building, cause to build batten report, relate
flect
; ; ; ;

a construe

word

uyW? hahhdt, calumniator, slanderer. hahdja-t, inf. of (g6J). jW? bahdr, beautiful, resplendent beauty pimento ox-eye custom tax huhur, an excise idol ; swallow fresh cotton tacking of a ship ; a weight

^W?

(400-1000
JJ^e?

rati).
pi.

bahdlil,

of

jy

buhMl,

V.

inf. tahannl, call one's son,


;

adopt

have

full thighs
;

laugher, &c.

viii.

{^^.

bahdlin, pi. of

y^^
;

hahluwdn,

INF. ibtind', build have built give building materials lead

pugilist, &c.

{j^^. huhdnis,
(iV-.g;)

tame

lion.

bride home pitch a tent for one's wife lie with beget, give birth. i_y4 bani, sons, pi. of (^\ ibn baniyy, pi. ahniya-t, building bunayy, little son pi. f hunayydt, small cups (3i;I=!\ hunayydtu-'t-tariqi, ramifications of a road 5 binya-t, bunya-t, pi. ^. binan, bunan, edifice structure of the body; baniyy a-t, the Caaba buniyya-t, cofEee (as drink).

the

Uej bahbdh, hoarse roar.

bahhah, inf.
;

bahbdh, roar

low and in a muffled manner, as


hoarse 11. inf. tabahbuh, get honoured and elevated ^5 hahhahiyy, great, tall, strong. (j>) bahat, v, inf. haht, surprise inf. haht, bahat, and seize;
if
;

'^^
;

huhtdn, accuse wrongly


bahat,
bahit,

lie

lose one's bahat (also head, be perplexed, stunned, astonished (m.) be of a faint
;

hahut, pass.),

inf.

haht,

aW*J banyan, work, deed, action

colour,

be

dimmed

11.

inf.

19

;; ;;

;; ;

u^-a

146
shine,

^
outshine, be brilliant surpass; be far; be unsuccessful, unlucky, unfortunate; importune, molest, overburden utter the calumniate, abuse
;
; ;

tabhit,

bewilder,
;

perplex perplexed
ts-^?

astonisli and inf. ihhdt, be be of a faint colour.


iv.

btiht,

lie,

calumny

liars,

pi.

of

uu^

buhiit

great
;

bahta-t, astonishment, bewilder-

ment.
t)^'^

buhtdn, calumny f alseliood INF. of (u:-~8?). buhtur, buh(y*) bahtar, lie tura-t, pi. bahdtir, short of stature, (t)^) bahtan, inf. S calumniate,
; ; ;

ii\ ; bahar dla-hu, may destroy his people, either in earnest or in jest to express pass, be tired so as wonder ;

phrase

God

to be out of breath

be blunted be dazzled (by the (sword) iabhir, season, II. INF. sun); inf. ibhdr, iv. pepper (m.)
;

lie.

bahas, a, inf. 6a/is, receive vi. inf. tabdhus, id. with joy ii^ buhsa-t, wild cow son of a
(>^-8J)
;

whore.
(g8?)

wonderful be scorched by the mid-day sun; behave one time well, another handsome marry a badly
relate

something
after

grow

rich

poverty

bahaj,

a,
;

inf. bahaj, rejoice (n.), be cheerful; bahuj, INF. bahdja-t, be handii. inf. some, elegant, lovely cheer tabhij, embellish, adorn III. INF. mubdhaja-t, up (a.) boast of greater beauty iv. INF. ibhdj, cheer, rejoice (a.) show beautiful vegitation v. INF. tabahhuj, be glad, cheerful VI. INF. tabdhvj, be adorned vii. inf. inbihdj, with flowers; rejoice (n.), wonder; viii. inf. ibtihdj, rejoice at (v* bi) x. INF. istibhdj, id. g6? bahaj, joy, gladness, inf. of bahij, glad, cheerful (s*) i handsome ; baJtja-t, joy, rejoicing beauty, loveliness, splendour, elegance. (j-ifli) bahdar, inf. i squander, dissipate (m.). t^;^ buhdiiriyy, child which does
(a.),

cheer

inf.

6a^j,
a,

rejoice

woman
be full
VII.

(m.) dazzle
;

v. inf.

bahij,

tabaJihur, shine, be resplendent

of ruins wonder VIII. INF. ibtihdr, boast falsely of a crime be talked about on account of attentions shown to reproach, put to a woman
inf.
;

be out of breath out inbihdr, be

breath

fall into

shame

pray and invoke


; ;

God

continually fall asleep over one's day dreams not slacken in one's zeal for or against (J Ii,
tji
fi.)
;

break asunder

si.

jii

INF. ibhirdi; be half spent or more, be dark (night). bahr, distinction; superiority; victory filling, completing removal friendship, love sor; ; ;
;

not thrive. (J>^) bahdal, inf. S walk quickly and with a light step (m.)
,
;

insult

slight

despise,

con-

demn.
J-^eJ

bahdal, the young of a hyena bahdala-t, insult treating


ii

with contempt.
(;?)

bahar,

a,

inf.

bahr,

buhih-.

calumny overburdening astonishment buhr, shortness of breath town, province i buhm-t, middle of a valley pi. buhar, middle part; centre; extensive tract of good land. \^. bahr-an, a curse on him (\;6! bahrdm, planet Mars (Pers.). mislead tra(E;3i) bahraj, inf. vellers (guide) cause one's blood to be shed unavenged. bahraj, vain, in vain e;6! lie corrupt, bad; forged, counterfeit in everybody's reach
row
; ;

ii


je)

; ;; ;

147

;;

>
bahz,

valueless

nothingness

bahraj
;

and y W-j^j hahrajdn,

tinsel

^.

burden,

weight

im-

bahraja-t, deviation. ()}9i), II. INF. tahahrur, be dazzled by the sun. (u-^), II. INF. tabahrus, walk

portance. (i) bahag, u, inf. b^(,hug, sleep. (v3) bahaq, leprosy, white scab

ringworm; 6a%,
such.
(liiXg})

afflicted

with

along proudly. ((;) bahram, inf. with hennah be red.


;

ii ,

dye one's beard ii. inf. tabahrum,

J^),

bahkasa-t, swiftness. full of sap and healthy '


,

smooth and exuberant


(t)^8})

feaMrt=(J^);

sleek.
II.

inf.

(;9?

bahram, hennah.

bahrama-t, saffron

tabahhun, trip, take short steps. bahal, a, inf. bahl, curse ( Jk)
leave
bahil.

(j) bahaz, a, inf. bahz, push back


violently.
)j9

one to his own will


A,
;

bahzar, active noble, generous

bahzura-t, ; bahzara-t, pi. bahhir, bahdzira-t,

and

prudent

stupid curse one


ibhdl,

INF.
III.

bahal, (m.) be INF. mubdhala-t,


;

another
leave
will

iv.

leave,

alone,
;

u~9}

big she-camel tall palm-tree. fcfit^s, boldness. (ij~) bahas, a, inf. 6aA*, examine,
;

to

one's
;

own
;

set

inf. leave free

into (^^ 'an); be taken up with ( J\ iZa) stretch out the hand for (,J\ ila) anything, whether taking it or not be ready to cry or to laugh assemble (n.) v. inf. tabahhus, assemble, gather together (n.) VI. INF. tabdhus, reach or throw to each other any;

investigate

thing.
Lr4J bahs, willingly
(u=9)

bahis,
;

thirsty hinder. ij>ii bahas, thirst. play at dice ( J-=) bahsal, inf. , for one's coat eat the meat to the bones oust. J-a buhsul, stout ; white f. small.
ii

friendly. inf. bahas, be iv. inf. ibhds, prevent,


;

the crops (m.) blunt v. inf. for a thing with vi. inf. tabuhul, VIII. INF. ibtihdl, curse one another VII. INF. inbihdl, get stupid VIII. humiliate one's self before God and call to Him exert one's self x. INF. istibhdl, milk ; leave the subjects to their own will secure the freedom of a people or tribe (m.) find a person

coax water render stupid tabahhul, look anxiety v.,


;

a,

stupid.
J9>
bahl,
;

curse

little

of any-

bahl, bahal, inf. of (Jw); buhl, buhhal, pi. of Ja^} bdhil, free, &c.

\>.

thing

(,u~^),

bahl-an, gently patience II. inf. tabahlus, return from foreign parts unexpectedly
1
!

and empty-handed.
(l/^))
II-

ii*'^) buhsuni, firm,

ij'y^ buhsiis, buhsus, nothing.

hard something

brave.
>.t^

INF. tabahlus, undress.

U md

(1.?%) bahlaq, pi. bahdliq, calamity;

iu^}
id.
1=

bahad, a, inf. bahd, molest, cause difScultv iv. inf. ibhad,


;

bahlaq, buhluq, woman with a red complexion; talkative woman; bahlaqa-t, scolding,
6 ])rid.e, lie;

bahatt, rice

cooked with milk


inf.
;

insulting; pi. bahdliq, vanities; II. INF. tabahluq, lie.


fiUflj

and butter
(^})

(Pers.).

bahlala-t,

bahaz, a,

bahz,

molest,

pidity
curse.
y\jl9?

(m.)

bahala-t,
bahla-t,

stu-

bnhla-t,

overwhelm (work)
seize at the beard.

overburden

bahluwdn,

pi.

bahdlin, pugi-

;, ; ,

f-

; ,

J9}
list

148

rope-dancer
(Pers.).

merry An;

lair of the

wild buffalo
;

apart-

drew

Jjl biMi'iI, laughing, smiling prince endowed with every hahUil, accomplishment pi.
;

laugher

blockhead

merry

hold of a for the women ship; large stable; pi- abhiV abhi, bihiyy, buhiyy, large, exwide tract of land; tensive cavity of the chest or belly

ment

Andrew. 1^ bahm, haliain, lambs, kids and calves in one flock


; ;

buhiV, INF. of (W>).

cy^ baUt,
liar.
_)j}

pi.

biM, buhut, great

huJim, buhum, pi. naked, bare healthy and faultless bahma-t, pi. bihilm, hihdm'd, kid, lamb, calf, foal of a camel buhma-t, pi. buJiam, stone, rock inconquerable combatant very

bahirar, lion.

t>

^
;

^^

buMg, going
;

to sleep.
;

baW, baha, bah1, see (^) handsome, bahiyy, see (W) beautiful, elegant, shining, rebiliiyy, buhiyy, pi. splendent;

arduous matter

army squadron
;

of
yt:^.

^ hahw.
bahir,

of horse. {fVt), II. INF. tabhtm, separate young cattle from their mothers abide in a place iv. inf. ibhihn, shut or lock a door leave doubtful or ambiguous be so conceal; avert; v. inf. tabah;

breathing heavily, bahira-t, pi. /W^ bahd'ir, handsome, delicate (woman). buhaisil, weak, small, insigJ-=49?
adj.

panting;

nificant.
AJ-ai

bahila-t, free

woman

with rich

doubtful, ambiguous, obscure be covered, concealed X. INF. istibhCim, be doubtful, &c., talk unintelligibly or barbarously not be able to speak, keep silent appear as a stranger or barbarian find anything obscure. (ijUgj) bahnilna-t, having a sweet breath friendly, smiling. (jj"^) bahnas, tame docile camel heavy and fat lion ii. inf. iabahnus, walk along proudly (part, mutabahnis, lion).

hwm, be

dowry. (* lahhu,

pi. bulium, buhm, onecoloured horse; black; unknown; soundless, without an echo; pure, unmixed faultless excellent S bahhna-t, pi. bahiVim, quadruped brute, in opposition to a rational being; ^^ bahimiyy, bestial, to beasts, referring brutal; h bahimiyya-t, besti; ;
; ;

ality.
(j~>fl?

f.

(^)

baliil,

baJiu,

bahi, inf. bah'i'

be beautiful, shine with beauty balia, surpass in beauty; bahi, INF. bahy, be empty ii. INF. tabhiya-f, enlarge and furnish; III. INF. mubdhi'd, vie or surpass in beauty boast
;

buhainis, lion. comp. for )i\ abu, father ashes ba WW, foal of a camel stupid, foolish, mad. f (^) hi'i\ V, INF. ban', return, come
bu, in

back; bring back

(ace. or v> bi);

draw upon one's


bawi!',

self
;

suit (aco. or v bi)


;

inf.
inf.
;

agree with,
ban',
;

acknowledge (debt, &c.) atone, retaliate be killed in


retaliation
;

INF. ibhiV, empty; tear; loose or free, leave unemployed (a horse, &c.) vi. INF. tabdhl-^iu. be proud, glory.
IV.

ii.

tabwi',

let

bring or lead back wife, lie with (ace.)


;

take for a

invite into one's house, receive hospitably alight and stay point the lance
;

jV.

baliiv,

pi.

abha

biiliii ir u-

against
INF.

(f^

na/nr-a)

iii,

6 mAii/2/,

advanced house or tent;

mubitica'a-t,

retaliate,

kill

, ; ;

; ;

149

vy
pi.

by

way of retaliation iv. INF. ibd'a-t, bring or lead back;


;

(4jV hawdzi, falcons,


bdziyy.

of

^^j^

put the hand to the get ready for combat receive in one's house alight follow in succession flee V. INF. tahawwu', alight, choose a house for a lodging, take possession of or possess a house take possession of a wife and
;

= 111.

(3-V

hawdsiq,

high

palm-trees,
of

sword,

&C., pi. of i^\i bdsiq. ;ii-V baindsir, piles, pi. bdsur, ;--.y baush:
ij*"^^?

j^Vj

hawdsiq, sparrow-hawks, pi. of (34.^ bdsiq. herds, Ac, pi. of ^'^f. bawddi',
t)i=_V

her dowry vi. inf. tabilwu', resemble each other, be able to pass one for another; x. inf. istibiVa-t, take or furnish a place for a lodging retaliate, kill in retaliation return to each other
;

^*^W bddi'a-t, q.v. bawdtin, pi. of


bawdti,
vats,

(^^
of

bdtin,

interior, &c.

J'V
ki^^y
pi.

pi.

A-tU

bdtiya-t.

bawd'is, reasons, of AicU bd'isa-t.

motives,

\)i 6aM!t(',

or to one's people. equality, similarity

vi^y
;

bawwdq, trumpeter,
bawdqir,
cows,
virgins,
pi.

atone-

^^y

of

ifi

ment, retaliation. s->V iawwdb, door-keeper, porter;

baqra-t.

/^y bawdhir,
bdkira-t.

pi.

of s/W
pi.

ii

biwiiba-t,
;

keeper

office

of

doorlitter,

bawwdba-t,

sedan-chair. y^y bawdtir, swords, pi. of yk bdtir. ^^y bawdh-aii, openly, publicly. jW bawdd, INF. of (J^). _)Jly bawddir, fleshy parts between neck and shoulders ; pi. of JijiJ^
bddira-t.
ij-i^f.

(_/^y bawdJct, mourning of i-i'W bdhiya-t.

women,

J\y

buwdl,

diabetes

baivwdl,
frequently

who makes water

piss-a-bed. ^jJly bawdW, sewers, sinks, pi. of


icyVs bdlu'a-t.

O^y
the
aj-^W

bawddi, inhabitants of
deserts,
pi.

desert,
bddiya-t.

of

bun, tent
tj\y.

biwun, buivdn, ]>\. abwina-t, buwan, peg or pole of a


door-post. bawdnt, pi. ribs of the chest
;
;

C^^V

iciwdzih,

high

mountain-

chains, pi. of ii-jVi bdziha-t. bawdr, destruction, ruin, perj\f. dition bad affairs inf. of
;
;

legs of quadrupeds pi. of <k>^ bdniya-t, see y^ bdn-in, ^J\:i bdni.

(j^) sues

woman whom
pi.
j)>

no

one

bilr,

uncultivated

fields.

bawdhid, pi. calamities. baivd'ij, misfortunes, calag>\y mities, pi. of iUj!?^ hd'ija-t. ^f. ha ivd'i', pi. of 5>V} bd'i', woman

^f.

io,wdrih, pi. of CjW bdrih, living in the plain, &c., q.v. pi. of 0)\y bawdrid, sharp swords

CjV

with
i3\j

many

suitors.

hawd'iq,
bd'iqa-t.

calamities,

pi.

of
to

W>U
(i_jy)

^j^

q-v-

bdb,
li)
;

V,

be door-keeper

bawdriq, pi. of JSj^ hdriq, flashing, &c. ^^^f. bawdri, reed mats, mats of bulrushes, pi. of h)^. bdriya-t, buriyy, bawdriyy, &c. ijjf. maker of such. Jj\y bawdzil, pi. of Jj^ bdxil, experienced.
Jij\)>
;

(J

door II. INF. tahwib, into chapters (m.) guide v. INF. tabawwuh, take as a doorkeeper pass, become such. iUy baubdt, desert, waste, yy hu'bu', pupil of the eye ; middle or principal part root ; eminent
; ;

make an opening

or divide

;; ; ;

160
Ji>y

genius, scholar, &c.,


locust.
(ji'^y

body of a

(j^) bd?, u, INF. bauz, transgress, grow poor, needy encroach


;
;

butiHiyy, referring to house-

humble one's
sion
;

self.

hold expenditure.

jy baiu, encroachment, transgres(j^)

to^

hiitaqa-t, crucible (Pers.). (^i^y) bds, V, INF. baus, reject,

disperse,
sa-t,

squander
;

try, investigate
id.
;

examine,
inf. ibdibtiijih,

iv.

plough

vni. INF. examine, investigate


;

tear

up the ground,

x.

inf.

istibdsa-t,

excite,

raise

(dust)

humiliation. baur, baiudr, (market), not be perish lie uncultisell (merchandise) vated or fallow; be lazy; be devastate spoiled be in vain INF. baur, explore, spy out IV. INF. ihdm-i, destroy, an-

poverty
V,
;

bdr,

INF. dull

extract,

draw
Ti,

out.

(e^)

INF. bauj, baivajd/i, be tired shine, flash cry out, call befall II. INF. tabwij, v. inf. inh'uj'ij, tabaivwitj, vii. inf. shine, flash vii. befall {^J^
bdj,
;

INF. tahawwur, V. complain of impending ruin VIII. INF. iUiydr, explore, spy out lie with a woman.
nihilate
;

j)>

'ala).
tf.

of lightning clamour tiredness. (cy) bah, V, inf. bauli, bu'uh,


bauj,
yW-j}
;

bairajiin,
;

flash

baur, ruin, perdition, destrucknowledge from experition baur, bur, ence INF. of ()f); uncultivated or fallow land
; ;

bit dha-t,

be
;

make known,

show
-iv.
;

clearly

known, public publish, divulge, boast in public ;


;
;

cate

INF. ibdha-t, communibetray a escape, abscond client ; profess publicly make


;

bnr (du. and pi. m. and f.), reprobates, people doomed to perdition; baur, bdr, pi. of s bu'ra-t, hole /W bd^ir, q.v. in the ground to make fire in bdra-i, a treasure provisions

fallow.
lijy

buraq,

'^jji

burali,

borax

salt-

anything
allow
;

public
;

offer

property
;

petre.
iS)j>.

x. inf. istibdha-f,

buriyii,

make

public property
;

allow

pi. bau-dr!,

reed mat,

buriyya-t, ^j^ huriyd, mat of bul-

squander or lose one's projjerty consider lawful do or take what is lawful ; annijjrostitute
hilate.
C)}

rushes

street (Pers.).
;

inf. ii. (jy) bdz, snout (m.) tabaicwuz, make a sour face. i jy> h'dnz, falcons, pi. of jW bdz
;

origin; pudenda; sexual intercourse soul sun confusion of affairs baufi, see ba'uh, who betrays his (Cjj)
bnh,
root,
;
;

beer. ((j-y) bds, V, INF. baus, be rough kiss kiss the ground before (J
bCiza-t,
bi'iza,
; ;

//)

mix with
;
;

(_ bi).
;

secrets.

(j-y

btls,

calamity, poverty
;

mix-

^^)i
itji)

bauha,
bdh,
V,

thrown

down,

pro-

strate.

become
bu'i'ih,

INF. bauh, subside, extinct be tired inf.


;
;

ture kiss bu's, pi. ab'us, evil, calamity, misery empoverishment inf. of (u~^0 ' bi'isa-f,
; !

kiss.

turn
;

(meat)
tf-

bad,
inf.

smell

badly
ex-

iv.

ibdha-t,

yU-.y bustd7i=^ (^^^~~^ busidn, garden. &^)> busta-f, post (m.).


,_j-y bu'sa, misery, inf. of (u~S}). pr-)i bausir, pi. bawdsii; emerods,

tinguish. bi'ih, confusion. (>>^), see (^). J^ baud, well; departure (J^). AJiJy bUdaqa-t, crucible.

piles.

(v>y) 6((.v, r, INF. baus, clamour, be boisterous (crowd) reach


;


Jsy
;

; ;

usJy

;; ; ; ;

161

V. INF.

over to (ace.) ii. inf. tabwis, tahawwus, be crowded in confusion vi. inf. tabdwus, stretch out the arms against each other (for combat) vii. INF. inhiyds, turn aside from a
;

tahawwu', measure be measured be long make long strides keep up with (ace.)
; ;
;

thing. i>y hau^, hi'is, crowd ; troop, gang; for abwcU, rabble, vagabonds clamour, tumult a dish of flour and lentils haus, vain, useless, in vain (m.).
; ;

INF. hibiyd', be measured uncoil in order to spring spring (snake) stretch one's self depart run, flow (perspiration) give the merchandise cheaper.
VII.
; ; ; ; ; ;

gy

bau', stride

bn',
;

gVj

hd',
;

loftiness

honour; gU\
;

(iSi-A)

)^

cubit, ell nobility qasir-u


;

jUj> hih'dd, turnip.

^j>

hausiyy, pauper with many children vulgar or vile fellow hilsiyy, stuff from Bus, in
;
;

(t^ayyiq-u) 'l-bd-i, miserly, avaricious bau', mountain slip.

(tf-)

bdg,

Tj,

INF. baug,

vanquish,

Egypt.
(ijcj?)

tabawwug,
conquer.
;

surpass boil, be
;

conquer,

v. inf. agitated

has, V, INF. baus, remain, stay walk fast get tired urge to haste flee and hide im; ; ; ;

^y

baugd',

flighty,

portune

mands
in

by
II.

questions
;

or

de-

fusion
(>3y)

soft, friable earth frivolous people conscent, fragrance.


;

INF. tabwis, head

bdq,

u,

INF.

bauq,
;

cause
;

a horse-race have a complexion have full


;

pure
hips

mischief or quarrel

befall
;

fall

upon

(woman). i^y baus, bus, colour, complexion


;

hips of a woman their softness baus, quick walk tiredness ; pi. abwds, species, race of animals.

from an ambush gird, surround rush together upon a person and kill him perish surprise or intrude upon (Jc 'ala) steal from (ace.) blow
; ; ;
;

^f. bausiV,

f.

having

full hips.

the trumpet. oy bauq, trumpet talkative low, babbler, chatterer


; ;

felhilq,

^fi

busiyy, boat.

yi^f. bausir, piles.

i^f. bitda-t=:'ij)> bilza-t, beer.


(tji) bat,

abwdq, biqdn, trumpet; pipe rattle; talker; i vain, false, unjust buqa-t, pi. buwaq, heavy shower.
pi. bi'iqdt,

shell, flute,

after after
*J>U'y

V, INF. haut, grow poor being rich be despised * enjoying honours


;

t.^^'Uy

huqdt,

pi.

of

^3y

buq,

(ni.)

rattle.

buta-t, crucible.

J^y

huqdl, tankard without handle,

drinking-vessel.
(^j*liy

bu-tdqa-t,

lar (possessor of

Maria Theresa dola window, the


of arms).

bu-qalamiln,
;

tortoise

Hungarian coat

gaudy

chameleon anything turkey changing colour, fickle,


;
;

^^)>

hutdniya-t, wild vine plant.

&n!=y butaqa-t, crucible.

capricious of fortune.

fickleness

caprice

(t^) bdz, V, INF. bauz, after being stout.

grow thin

W*y
(isly)

buqisd, elm-tree.

(gy) bd', XI, INF. bau', stretch out the arms and measure by them reach with outstretched hand make long strides v. inf.
; ;

a stallion)
;

bauh, cover (as with a woman form into a ball between one's stir up a sell or buy ; palms spring with a stick to make it
hdh, V, INF.
;

lie


tsJy

162
of bones
insipid.
CjjJ

flow more abundantly be complicated, confused, entangled be perplexed, at one's wits' end; INF. lu'ilh, get fat;VII. INF. inhiydh, be perplexed.
; ;

lean

stupid,

dull,

ba'iVi,
;

secrets
t)y!
^jf.

who cannot keep


bu'iih, see (c^)-

his

ba' I'lh, see (c^Ohu'i'iz,

(i^)^) csJy
first

Jj\
;

awwal-a lauk-in, the


before
all

falcons, pi. of j^ bdz.


;

time

others.

^f. haukcV, confusion.

/)i

baulcar=ji^ baikar, measure with the compasses (m.)

(J)*) ^t<^ U) INF. haul, make water; break forth, flow ; melt (n.)
;

be

ba'ul, INF. ba'dla-t,

small
tabwil,
ibdla-t,

and

X. INF.

water

weak inf. ii. make water; iv. inf. cause to make water; istihdla-t, want to make cause to make water.
;

bu'dla-t,

biCnq, see (u-^) l5^_>? see (j^). ^5)> bawa, inf. bayy, be similar to another in speech and manners bawan, hope; desire; emulation troulile, vexamalice tion, molestation talents haiviyy, stupid, foolish, mad.
(j-jy

bulls,

Wtej^ bi'i-yahyd, angel of death.


(^J>}

bu',

salute
AlSl

anyone with the


!

J^

abwdl, urine; wedlock children son large number great liberality Jy


baul,
;

pi.

j>s55\ baulu-'l-'ajuz,

cow-milk;
steel
hell.

bayyd-l-a 'l-ldh-ii, G-od prosper thee " &c. II. INF. tabyi, explain, comment upon, elucidate take a firm purpose, intend earnestly.
ciJlo

words
"

^_5>

May

bay, prince (Turk.

u^Xi)

baula-t, daughter.
bfildd

vile person; ^. i^\ abn-ii bayy-in,


;

J^y

(Pers.),

(m.)

stranger, one

unknown

bayy,
;

bi'a-t,

razor.
{j^j>. bfilas,

dungeon in

i^ji bulsa-t=-^^f. bulisa-t.

plague. *TW} bayydb, seller of water. caWj baydf, night attack; night;

epidemic

^}i baula', glutton.

i^f.

bulisa-t,

pi.

ij'^^f.

haivdlis,

money-letter, draft, bill of exchange cheque, circular note


;

(Ital. polizza).
f>ji

bum,

owl.

(t)^) ^''' ^) INF. 6aMM=(y-j). yy baun, hiin, interval, interstice


difllerence
;

INF. of (i-=-~4*). bayydha-t, net for fishing. >V-j baydd, inp. of (-V;). ;>iWi bayddir, threshing-floors, pi. of j>^ baidar. ^^W bayddiqa-t, j^W? haydziq, S baydziqa-t, see baidaq. (J'JW? bayddiyy, foot-soldier (Pers. m.).
;

time

^Wi

o^

bun, buiran, tentpoles, door-posts, pi. of (J\ji biwdn, buivdn bauna-t, little
;

_)Vj

bi'dr, wells, pi. of

j^

bi'r.

ii

daughter.
giViy bu-ndfi', wine. (5^) bdh, u, INF. bauh,

one's bauh,
advert.

wife
haih,

lie

with
inf.

and

a,

baydriq, standards, pi. of (i^ bairaq. jjW baydzir, i baydzira-t, cudgels, &c., pi. of jj-J baizar baydzira-t, pi. of j^j*} baizdr, penis. baydzir, maces, pi. of i,U-j ;jjWj
oj^i?
;

fix

upon (J
y

/(')>

thoughts understand, animone's


;

baizdra-t.

u-W?

imprecation i biVi, biiha-f, owl moulting hawk feather in the wind dry wool in the ink-bottle thin
bauh,
;

curse,

hai'as, strong, bold; hard, severe lion. ijiUj baydd, whiteness; brightness; milk (m.) anything made of milk (butter, cheese) eggs white paper leprosy i^^\ yilo
; ; ; ; ; ;

; ; ;

153

bayddu-'l-wajh-i,

good manners
;

observance generosity
;

hayydd, white earth S haydda-t, whiteness brightness white spot in the eye bayydda-t,
;

of

of the household, servants

hen which lays many eggs bayddiyy, elegant poem.


ii^W?

abydi, distich, couplet, strophe; noble, nobility; inf. of (ci-}); bit, S bita-t, provisions, victuals (for a night) passing the night

pi.

(j

geons,
jjjW?

haydtira-t, veterinary pi. of jVko bait dr.

sur'ij^yni

night's lodging. *>y? baitiUa-t, see (i.=~rf). ,j~rf baitiyy, domestic, belonging or referring to the house.
(s.), <-i-^

baydztr,

maces,
pi.

pi.

of

baisa, see

(ki~)=.).

haizura-t.

o>*^^i

baijddaq,

a kind of

ruby

gW

bayyd',
;

s biyd'a-t, pi. biydappraiser 'd-t, merchandise. /Wj baydJiir, pi. of J>^ baikdr, compasses. baydn, explanation comt)W> mentary evident meaning demonstration eloquence, rhetoric; division; bayydn, thing; baydniyy, ex=(j? bayy;
; ; ; ;

bayyd'ihi,

seller;

(Pers.).
II. inf. tabyi/i, cut into pieces and distribute let out a secret to (v* bi). baihdn, bayyahdn, who bet)V,<? trays his secret name of a

(c*}),

tribe.
(is?)

bdd, I, INF. baud, baid, buyHd, bawdd, baydd, baiddda-t, depart,

plaining, commenting. t^. bib, pipe, drain. yW*} bibdn, doors, &c., pi. of
bob.
(ctij)

^^

separate entirely from one's people INF. buyiid, set (sun), disappear inf. baid, buyud, perish iv. inf. ibdda-t, de; ;


; ;

bat,

I,

A,

INF.

bait,

baydt,

Jirf

stroy, annihilate, ruin. baid, ruin, perdition

niabit,

baitilta-t,

do anything at

night-time;
II.

pass the night;

INF. tabyit, perform at night attack at night give a night's lodging at consult, resolve night leave a thing in the same condition during the night iii. prevent from ((^c 'an) INF. mubdyata-t, pass the night with anyone iv. inf. ibdta-t, give a night's lodging, cause
;

jurious baid-a, (^\ Arf baid-a an, except that however, yet because; bid, pi. of ^J^ baidd'. ^^ baidd', pi. bid, baiddwdt, dangerous desert. ^Wj baiddna-t, wild she-ass. C-^rf baidah, &5-\.^ baiddha-t, fleshy
;

loss

in-

(woman).
bayddir, threshingquantity of grain piled up in a barn ; baidar, INF. 6 pile up, gather into heaps tS baidara, glib. yu.JksJ baidastar, beaver (Pers.).
;Ji*j

baidar,

pi.
;

floor,

barn
,

to

x. do anything at night inf. istibdta-t, seek or have a

night's food, provide one's self have no place for passing the night be poor, a beggar. bait, pi. bwyiit, buyiitdt, tent house, building ; Caaba palace, castle ; house-floor ; apart;

ment,

ment
g\^\
<-4!=U\

room tomb
>~>

case,

compartliai3\
;

baidaq (also J-^ baizaq), pi. in bayddiqa-t, pawn bayddiq, foot-soldier leader, chess guide single, not married. sjjJlo baiduda-t, see (-^Oj\Ju> baizdr, i talker, babbler.
jJi<}
; ; ; ,

^V

bait-u md'-in,
vr* s->

fcxj baizah, fleshy,

plump.
talker,

baitu-'l-firdg-i,

i^\jj^
bler.
}&)

baizardniyy,
f.

babdb'ur,

baitu-'l-hald-i,

water-closet

family

baitu-'l-lutf-i,
;

wine-house wedlockj members

bi'r,

pi.
;

bi'dr, well

ab'dr, ab'ur,

bi'ra-t,

anything

20


>*

; ; ; ; ; ;

; ;

154

(A
inf. baid, surpass in lay eggs; have an egg-like tumour on the forefoot (horse) be very violent
bad,
I,

hidden in the ground, treasure provender, provisions hira-t, beer (m.). li^^irf bairdq=: jyii lairaq. C^p^ bairdm, Bairam-feast. o;-rf hairaq, pi. baydriq, standard, flag; troop of soldiers (Pers.). j\^j-> hairaqddr, standard-bearer,
;

(,_iio)

whiteness;

ensign. fyii hairam, borer ; axe, hatchet liquid collyrium. aypi hairamnn, eve of a festival,
vigil (m.).
Ejjij-!

moisture its rain remain, stay (wood) (m.) be entirely destroyed li. INF. baydd, be white INF. tabyid, whiten, white-wash make a clean tin bleach copy; fill, and, by opposition, empty; call forth fine hopes
(heat)
;

lose

hairuzaj, turquoise,
hdz,

(^jj)

INP.

baiz,

and, by opposition,
escape.
^y^.

huyuz, perish, live, live on,

bhdr,

baizdr,

pi.

bay'izira-i,
;

penis
;

falconer

baizdra-t, pi.

peasant baydzir, big mace.

iii. dazzle fulfil them INF. mubdyada-t, vie and surpass iv. inf. ibdda-t, in whiteness; give birth to white children tabayyud, be made a V. INF. viii. inf. clean copy of

and

the helmet destroy entirely, annihilate ;


ibtiydd,
IX.

put

on

y\jSi bi'zdn, bizdn, falcons, pi.

of jW

bdz, <^j^ bdziyy.


)-jtA

inf. ibyiddd,

ibyiddd,

and
;

xi.

inf.

grow
;

beater of a fuller cudgel, mace. ((j.^) has, I, INF. bais, hurt in a


haizar,

good manners
(ji*>

observe white be generous.

baid,

surpassing
;

splendour;

haughty
INF.
bu's,

manner
bu'us,

ba'is,

a,

ba's,

bu'sa,

INF. poverty with INF.


VI.

be very needy, indigent be courageous be very and brave in battle iv. inf. ib'ds, bring destitute on calamity or a defeat in j ure
bi'isa,

ba'us, INF. ba's,

violent heat; tumour on the fore-foot of a horse eggs (coll.); 6/V/, hens, pi. of tj^y^. bayud pi. of (jo-i^ abyad, white beauties; buyud, pi. of ^/u^ bd'id, oviparous, and u^^ bayud,

hen

baida-t,

]il.
;

buyud,
testicle
;

baidnf, coll. baid,

tabd'us,

shovr one's self-humiliation

egg

VIII.

ibti'ds,

be
bi)

sorrovc;

ful,
(j~2i

grieved at
bi'g,

(s^

com-

plain.

severe bi's-a, ba'is, violent, hard, severe; fie! bold; indigent, destitute. (ji-j i bix, aconite bis, pi. abyiis, hule in the ground for a
;

hard,

albus small number of men place surrounded by tents middle, centre helmet head-ache beauty virgin <^.i.^^ w> baidat-u-'d-dik (egg of the cock), anything that cannot
fluor
;
;

be got.
U-j baidd', f. of ,j^\ abyad, pi. bid, white, shining the sun white paper wheat pearl-barley
; ; ; ; ;

tree (in.).

inf. tahyix^^ render the face of a man shining and beautiful (m.) dig a hole in the ground plant a tree iv. inf. to ibdsa-t, cause to spring forth. (yo-j) bais, bis, misfortune, ca(y~rf), II. bayyacj,
;
;

bayyas,

untrodden ground
ftirtune
;

sally

leathern
cities

bag
to
;

mispot

snare

name given

Aleppo
jlj\

and

other

U~J\

al-i/ad-u-'l-baidii'-u,

beneficence,

merit, glory, power.

yLio

lamity

difficulty.

biddit, white men (in opposition to t)\j^ siiddn, negroes).

; ; ;; ; ,

; ;;

cArf

155
elliptical

t>

tsy=*

haidamyy,

oval,

renouncing
;

everything

else

native of Baidii'. ,_5-i> haidiyy, whiteness, oval, elliptical; oval


lipsis.

purity
(s.),

el-

pass, get confused, embarrassed V. INF. tabayyug, get confused boil ; carry away (as passion) ; be in abundance.

t)^

j^
;!=?

baitiir,

pi.
;

baydtira-t,

veteri-

59? baig, ebullition,

nary surgeon
haitar, biyatr, tailor

blacksmith. hiyatr^^ji^ baitdr


;

ii

biqdn,

trumpets, &c.,
ii

pi.

of

lij} bilq.

baitar, inf.

be a veterinary surgeon
;

veins or tumours baitara-i, profession of a veterinary surgeon.

open

(fi) baiqar, inf. village or town

live

while
; ;

people are in the desert

in a one's alight

(!=^)

= (t^).
sperm
;

baiz,

ovum

of an ant

uterus,
^"')

womb.
I;

and stay in a place emigrate travel from land to land; go from Syria to Iraq step along proudly walk quickly with the head bent down raise the fore; ; ;

y=*? baizar, clitoris.

(d**)

i^^- bai',

mabi', sell

(two ace. or (^ min, J li, with regard to the person) pass, be


;

foot (horse), be tired; perish; get spoiled be doubtful in a matter try to gather riches be rich II. INF. tabaiqur, be in
; ;

for

sale

sell,

figuratively,

in
;

the sense of the English word INF. mubdya'a-t, buy; III. sell to do business or make a contract with another bet swear lealty, acknowledge as a sovereign do homage iv.

yi*}

have rich pastures, baiqar, weaver; baiqara-t, abundance of household furniture INF. of (^tri).
;

abundance

ii

j^ baiqur, cattle. baik, prince (Turk. udj). )^ baikdr, pi. bajjdkir, bawdhir,
>i^i

INF. ibd'a-t, exhibit or offer for inf. tabdyu', consale vi.


;

pair

of
;

barJcdr)
paiJcdr).

combat
ii

compasses (Pers.
(Pers.

^f.
;^Cj

clude a sale or make a contract between each other vii. inf. inbiyd', get sold, sell well VIII. INF. ibtiyd', buy x. inf.
;


; ;

y^
t)^
<^

baikar, inf.

measure with

compasses,

istibd'a-t,

wish to

sell

wish to

W? bailasdn, elder, lilac. bailasa-t, devilry.


Lrf
; ;

^merchandise
bai',

be sold (slave).
pi. bityiV,
;

exchange acknowledgment
sale,
;

and inauguration

cheerfulness

bayyi',
;

pi.

biya'd',
;

abyi'd',
;

seller

merchant

buyer

who

bailam, pi. baydlim, bud of cotton wool of the Egyptian pennant, papyrus streamer, banderol, ii*} bila-t, making water. yUijU~rf bimdristdn, hospital
ftXii

offers

more

du. bayyi'dn, seller

(Pers.).

horse with a wide 6 step contract of bai'a-t, sale commercial transaction acknowledgment, recognition oath of lealty &i'a-i, pi. biya', synagogue Christian church
;

and buyer

{1^}

bdn,

I,

inf.

bain,

buydn,

bainilna-t, be separate, distinct,

INF. bain, baifar distant nima-t, separate (n.) ; depart


;

buying and
(^4!)

selling.

INF. baig, perish boil INF. tabyig, devote II. one's self entirely to one thing,
bdg,
;

I,

be joined to each divorce INF. baun, be eminent, other ; i, inf. distinguish one's self baydn, be distinct, appear dis(m.) appear, seem tinctly be elorender clear, explain

thrt

;; ;

156

quent and persuasive


render
clear,

ii.

inf.

tj-;

tabyin, separate (a.), distinguish;

show

bring
;

propound, explain, be distinctly per; ;

biyant, weaver. meanUi4> baina-md, whilst; while, iiji^j bainnna-t, separation, inf. of

ceptible

first leaves give divorce one's daughter in marriage allow some time to pass, tarry III. INF. mubdyana-t, separate iv. from another; intercede; INF. ibdna-t, sever, separate (a.) explain speak distinctly make known, publish be clear, evident marry one's daughter; V. iNP. tabayyun, be evident or

show the

spring

forth

(4^)

bah.

A,

INF.

baih,

notice,

understand, apprehend. n. inf. (j~fl> baihas, lion; brave; tabaihus, walk along proudly.

(;>9-;

feai^oH, narcissus;
baihi'ij,

dog-rose.

S)9^
u:jy->

scarecrow.

buyiU, pi. of c:-^ bait, house (bread); cold bayyiit, stale


;

water
uljV)^

night-work.
;

buyntdt,

easily understood
;

become

evi-

dent render clear, publish understand,

reveal

buildings inventory.

many houses outhousehold expenses


;
;

appretabdyun, separate from each other be clear, become evident x. inf. isti-

hend

j^

buyi'id,

INF. of

(-Vrf)

j^

buyiiz,

VI. INF.

INF. of

(jj).

bdna-t=Y. find clear, stand acknowledge.


;

under-

ts^j^ buyurdu, i^-^j^ buyuruUu, imperial edict firman, passport


;

(Turk.).
y=^? bayfid, pi. bid,

(^

bain, interval

separation
; ;

interstice,
;

difference, distinction

lays
i5-irf

many eggs
baida-t.

buyud, hen who buyud, pi. of

absence desert relation, reference, union; bin, pi. buydn, horizon, reach of sight region boundaries rising of rugged between, ground bain-a,
;
;

gj* 6y',

commercial transactions,

y^

&c., pi. of c*> bai'. bay Cm, deep

and

full;

among
before

bain-a yadai-hi, in his presence (^ (^ bain bain, so so, middling, indifferent bayyin, pi. abyinn', hina-t, distinct, clear,
;

<sj^

y^rf

him,

buydn, horizons, &c., pi. of j^ bin INF. of (ij^). ei~i buyait (>^wy buwaii), small house. iyA ba'ini-t, what lies in the treasury or storehouse.
;

evident

ahyiii'^', ahynn, pi. S eloquent bina-t, pi. of y^ bayyin; bayyina-t, pi. bayyindt, evident demonstration, clear proof evidence witness. ~rf baindb, evergreen (plant).
;

(j~*? ba'is,
i-i~rf

bold; hard, severe.

buyamV,

bvyaida-t, a sexagonal house, or one decorated with paintings. Js> 6a '(7, small and weak.
irf

bi'a-i,

site,

state; habitation;

hospitable reception.

"" ^ as a numeral sign =400 ta, particle of conjuration. ^ td, f of \ J zd, this that, in order that ; td', name of the letter w
; .

>-r'^'

ti'ibb, pi. atbdb, tall but weak ' tdba-t, sore on the back; repentance. ^3^^ tdbdq, stick,

k,-}^ fa'afefewfe,

astonishment, v. (y\).

; ;

^s

157
^
ta'sts,

6\s

g}^

yj -un, taba', follower dependent on a person or thing partisan fond of -women comtaha'a-t,

tdhi',

plur.

furnishing a house,
impression,

ii.

tawdbi',

j^
^^-

ta'sir,
;

panion of familiaris

Mohamet
;

spiritus

ta'dsir, beadles, &c., (y^) pi. of jyy tu'silr.


'-os''^'

influence,

guardian,

servant; adept;
tawdbi', female

guard

tdsif,

ii

tdbi'a-t,

pi.

f^^
6"

ta's'im,

support, &c., II. (<-!^\). accusation, sin, ii.


tijan,
;

companion; con;

sequence,
bi'iyy, i
,

succession
pi. -ihi, -at,

tii;

ti^'J'

pl;

crown, diadem;

companion

comb
y).\S

mane

at-tdj, lion.

follower of

Mahomet.

gi^^' ta'ajjuj,

conflagration, v. (g^).
tijdr, tujjdr, tajr, tujr,
;

J}^ tubal,

(m.) tdbila-t, pi. tawdbil, herbs for seasoning; ta'abbul, inf. v. of (J^), q.v.
tdbil,

tiijir, pi.

merchant
clever,

wine-seller
;

<sVii

tdhah, frying-pan (Pers.) ta'abuh, pride, haughtiness, v.

skilful ing well.

looked
<%c., v.

for, sell-

J>\S ta'ajjul, term,

(J^^).

S*^^
uwjj^' tdbut (SjjVj
;

ia'_/y

inflammation, inflaming,

tdMh),
;

pi. tawdbit,
;

shrine chest bier, cofiin of the Covenant.

Ark

/r-^' ta'jir,

baking

Je^^'

ta'jil,

bricks, ii. (fA). fixing a term; delay,


respite,

Jy^

tdbfd, betel leaf.

prolongation,
;

&c.,
<fcc.,

ii.

^^
^^'

ta'abbi,

refusal, v. (iji\)

^"

ta'biya-t, disgust, ir. (y\).

ta'ahhud,
tdhini,

isolation,

v.

-r^^

ta'btb,

clamour,

ii. (s->^). ii.

^^
^es-ii'

weaver.

ta'bid,

scaring away, &c.,


fructification
ii. ()>\).

{{J^^) tdhi, gardener,


&C.,
II. (Ji^\).

ta'hid, profession of

watchman. one God,

jti^

ta'bir,

of

the
ii.

palm-tree,

C^' tdhh,

having no appetite.
acceptation
delay,
;

^^
^^'

ta'bih,

exhortation,

&c.,

JU-U' ta'hdz,
]i-^

receiving.

ta'ahhur,

remaining
&c.,
v.

iNr. have difiiculty pronouncing the letter <; INF. ta'tdt, ta'td', walk (as a child) walk along proudly.
ta'ta',
ii

in

behind,
i_s^^'

coming

late,

ta'ahhi,

inf. v. of

{f-\)
;

ta'dhl,

jUW tdtdr, Tartar, Scythian.


>^V; ta'attub, inf.
&^'

cord,

being brotherly conagreement, vi. of the


procrastination,
lite-

v.

of (s-^), q.v.

same.

ta'attuh, delirium, v. (^^).


ta'tiyy,
;

^^'

ta'hir, delay,

^J\S

inf. ii. of (^J^) inf. v. of (J'^) derivation, origin; ta'tiya-t, making a way, inf. ii. of {tj\).
ta'atti,

postponing,

ii. ()=t\).

v-i^ ta'addub, good breeding, rary education; v. (s-">l).


^5^^'

ii

s-*'^ taHib, INF.


INP. V. of

II.

of (s-^^).

^^ ta'assus, furnishing, furniture,


{^).
yAj ta'asmr, following one's tracks

ta'addi, inf. of v., ta'ddi, inf. of VI. (jJ^), q.v.; 6 ia'diya-t, causing to arrive, sending, pay-

ment, &C.,
Hr-5'i^ ta'dib,

II. (tS'^^)-

good education,
;

polite-

ness, cultivation
pi. -at,

INF. V. of (/\).
JA>

chastisement admonitions.
publication, &c.,
v.

ta'assid,

being firmly rooted,

yJV>

ta'azzun, "

&c., INF. T. of (J^).

(t,J^).

i\s

158
insult,
v.

^U"
j^ tdzah,
tdziyy,

(^j^
(jj j^

ta'azzi,

injury,

fresh,

young,

green,
origin
ta'azzi,

tender (Pers.).
ta'zin,
;

permission
a,

exhorta-

<^j^

of

Arabian
;

tion
(;^>)

call to prayer, ii. (e-il).

molest, plague, hinder; iv. inf. it'(h; follow with the eyes; look sharply
ta'ar,

inf.

te'j-,

sporting dog (Pers.) assembling, &c., v. (t^j^).


_;i>j^

ta'zir,

veiling,

ii. (jj^)-

(j~-" ta'assus, having a firm foundation, foundation, v. ((j-^).

at
;^

beat.
pi. jSJ
,

tar,

ti'ar,
;

fiirr, i

hunger
tdra-t,

juicy far
;

turn, time fleshy weak from


; ;
;

tdrat-an then, at one time ... at another. ui>\jii tdrdt, malice pi. of S,(j tdra-t,
;

time

tdrat-an, once
now
. .

pi.

' from home War, Idrdt, turn,


;

g-^
i_s-.V>

tdsi', f .

ii

groaning, lamenting, &c., v. (i-a-.^). Uj-^ tdsn'd', the ninth day of the month Muharrani.
ta'assuf,
(^-.V>

ninth. sighing,

tdrat-an,

tiisi'in, 6

pi. tawdsini,

sandal,

shoe.
,_5-^

ta'assi,
;

VI.

>

INF.

V.

ta'dgi,

ta'siya-t,
;

vv^

ta'arruh,

raising

difficulties,

((.y^

r"^)

INF. consolation
ui>, il.

II.
;

inf. of

taking
;

affectation, v. (vj^)i^j^' ta'arrus, conflagration,


lit,

being
v.

example. j*-^ ta'sir, tying


(_r-^' ta'sis,

(j-^)

V.

(^/).
fragrance,
scent,

ta'dsir, girth-leathers.

S)^

ta'arruj,

t)^ ta'arvuh, putting the date, v.


jj^ tdriz,

laying the foundation, foundation confirmation, the fundamental letter of a rhyme. '^-^^ te'()is'((&, dense growth, crowd,
;

hard

dry

dead.
shield.

V. {'^^\).

(j-j^ idris,

armed with a

y^^
V.

ta'assun,
(^:^i.\).

washing with uindn,


II.

ij')^ tdfii', light, flighty, fickle.


i^jV;

idris,

stronglv-built

(horse,

S-^^'

<a'i('6,

INF.

&c.).
'^j^ idril-, leaving, renouncing.
<-r-j^'

^'^
fastening,

ta'.<ir,

filing of

of (s-A-^). the teeth,

ii.

iii'ri'b,

making

firm,
ii.

ij=^^ ta'fsns,

assembling,

v. (u=^).

&c.,
<.i-jj\i'

II.

(vj^).

J^' ta'asful, being firmly rooted,

ta'ris,

sowing

discord,

u-^'

'a'?'?,

making

firm,

ii.

((j=^).

tawdrih, putting the history, chronicle date, date chronology, era end, extreme limit; ii. (Cj^) tS to-'rihiyy, historian chronologist. taking in u~>j^ ta'ris, agriculture
j;ij^

ta'rih, pi.

J**"^' ta'sil,

rooting firmly, considering noble, II. (3-=^).


ia'attiir, inf. v. of (;1=\), q.v.

^^

ta'tid, making firm, consolidation, II. (^^}. }<^^ ta'tir, INF. II. of (;t\), q.v.
*<!=^'

service, ii. (u-j^).


y<ii;W-

ta'rid, INF. II.

of (u^j\), q.v.
ii. (<-i)^).

tr-^^' f(i'/.9, dyiui,' (u~*'). ic^J td'a-t, lump.

'-hj\j ta'rif,
AjjV;
;t'

limitation,

ta'riya-t, inf. ii. of (^^j^), q.v. ia'az. A, inf. ta'z, close (n.), come

)i^ tdfir, dirty. <-ai^ ta'ajfiif, inf. v. of (--i^).


(3*^'

ta'affiiq,

coming from distant


(-J^).

to close quarters.
_)jV>

parts, V. (C**^).
j'ssi')-,

ta\jzzar,
ta'axzuz,
(3^)-

put on the
boiling,

v.

-a-i^

t'l'jif,

INF.

J*i^
jj\j

to'/(7,

II. of i^rocuring

honour,

ii.

agitation, v.

*i^ tdfih, a little

insignificant.

iVJ

;; ;

UU"

169
;

*i^ tdfa-t, defect, fault, vice need, want excess delay. ^^ ta'aqa-t, burst of anger passionateness. csl\j tdk, f. of viiU zi'ik, that tdkk, pi. tdlckim, talcaka-t, tukdk, ttokak, foolish, stupid; emaciated on the verge of ruin. J^^ ta'akktd, inf. v. of (J^^) (m.) itching. A*i'l> ta'kid, consolidation confirmation ; attestation persevesecurity rance emphasis certainty ta'dkid, enjoining pi. girth-leathers. <-i-^U- ta'kif, saddling, ii. i'-^^)Ji^V> ta'kil, inviting to eat, &c., ii.
; ; ;
;

race again immediately after a race iv. inf. it' dm, give birth to twins; (m.) be double-barrelled viii. inf. itti'dm, kill a milch sheep. tdmm, whole, complete, perft^
;

warp;

fect.

y^

mur,

idmir, rich in dates ta'ammutual consultation, vi. ia'muriyy, some(/\) (^


; ;

body.
uiXrfV;

idmik, hump of a camel; camel with a large hump. J^t" ta'ammul, pi. -dt, thought contemplation meditation re; ;

flection, V. (J-1).

fv*^

ta'ammum, considering as or
for a mother,
v.
{f\)
;

taking
JVi' tdl, i

shoots of the palm-tree


see
^J''^

tdl-in,

tali

washing
jy^'

with

sand,

for

^*-s

tdll,

tayammum.
ta'mur, tdmur, somebody, any;

wandering. 'T-i'^ ta'lab, strong


jJ\5

name

of a tree.
;

body
;

something,
;

anything
of
life

tdlid, inherited

ta'allud, getting ; confused, confusion, v. (^^). oi!V> ta'alluf, INF. V. of {'-^\). (jSU' ta'aUuq, shining, &c., v. (^^). udSU tdlika, f. of u^\^ zdlika, that. *3U ta'allum, suffering pain, pain,

bred cattle

property

home-

soul breath blood; tdmur,

spirits
5

tdmiira-t, heart
;

wine
life
;

water saffron monastic monastery lion's den


;
;

prime minister,

vizier

embryo

puppet, doll; purse; box; jug;

^Vi'

(J ta'mi'iriyy,

grief

irritation

thirst

for
v.

ta'amm.!,

somebody. buying a female

vengeance,
ii\i

viudictiveness,
("SJ^)

slave, V. (j_^\=y\).
cti/W

ta'alluh, adoration, v.
ii\j

or
iir-'^ II.

ta'in'd, defining the number quantity of anything, ii.

jiaJ\
^J\s

tnlihu-'l-'aql-i,

mad.
ta'mid, fix
(J^\).

tali,

following,

subsequent

the end or term,

reader; race;
y\)
;

the
6

fourth horse in a
inf. v. of (i^^ tawdli, pi.
;

ta'alli,

tiUiya-t,

extremity (foot, &c.)

subsequent

part. xjt> ta'dlid, pi. generations.


.-oJt' ta'lif, pi. ta'U/dt, ta'dlif, lite-

j~^ ta'mir, raising to the dignity ta'dmir, of a prince, II. (y*^) pi. of jff tiimiir, stone as roadsign in the desert.
;

Ju.*^ ta'mil,

hoping strongly, mak-

rary composition, wort, publication, II.

ing hope, II. (J^l). (-^^ ta'mhn, causing to do, ordaining,


(;j.t'

i^^)-

II.

(f\).

JJVj ta'ld, sharpening into a point,


^!\i'

ta'min, confidence,
<((?i,
.

confiding,
ii.
;

inspiring

&J^

causing pain, ii. (^i). apotheosis, ii. (*J^). born as a twin (l\J) ta'am, be be a III. INF. mutd'ama-t, id.
ta'lim,
ta'lih,
;

yV
f

thread

(i:K^).

du. of

zd

idiii,

these two,

ta'ann-in, see

^^' ta'anni.
y\j\j
II.

ta'ndn, finding pleasure with,


(y^).

twin

weave

with

double


t,u

160

J^^
<^^^'

tdmhtll, betel-leaf (Pers.). ta'annus, emolliating, effeminacy, V. (i-i-J^). (j->^ ta'annus, becoming man (of Christ) humane or familiar treatment, v. (u*"*^);

ta'wiya-t,
ta'ivib,

alighting, hospitable
(<jj^).

reception,
s-Sj^'

ii.

repetition,

return,

ii.

Jijj^ ta'w'id,

-oAj

ta'annuf, aversion, disgust, v.


solici-

folding, &c., li. i,-^)^)vexing, &c., ii. (o^)commenJjj^ ta'wil, explanation, interpretation analysis tary
,3jjU ta'iviq,
; ;

v>'^

ta'annuq, carefulness, tude, daintiness, v. (ip\).


tcinika,
tiinnil-a,

of

dream,

ii.

(J^)

o
ii.

"^^

those two,

f.

ta'iviUyy, explanatory, &c. *jj^ ta'wtm, causing thirst, &c.,


<Joj^'

du. of
ta'ndn.
^_5>^

U
,

zu. v. of (y\)

1^^ ta'animn, inf.


tdni'

= yUU'
;

tan;ih,

gioanmg, lamenting,

peasant, countryman ta'anni (y^ ta'ann-iii), slowness, gentleness, considerateness, v. ta'niya-t, the same, (i_s'^)
;

II.
T-^sJ^
II.

(^n).
ia'nib, expostulation, reproof,
(s-il).
ta'nis, give
;

adta'a, A, INF. fa'y, go vance, precede, overtake. * tdya-t=k^ fdya-t, ^Js tdi, tea flat roof, &c. s-~j*j fd'ib, repenting, penitent. J^' ta'ayyub, return, v. (s-^^ >-
(ts^')
;

'i-*>^

a feminine termi;

joli' in'ij,

nation feminine gender nacy, II. (*^->^).


i^s'^
II.

effemi-

jjW

ta'ayyud,
i(Vir,

crowned. strengthening,
(*5^)-

se-

curity, V.

taming, accustoming, making familiar being friendly,


ta'nis,
;

y^
(j~j^'

beginning

afresh

ear-

nestly.
ijf^j tii'iq,
uiiS\j
I*i'u

(u~i^).

^-i^\j ta'nif, inp. ii. of ("-"J^).

ta'ayyus, despair, v. (er-J^)desirous, intent upon.


v.

0VjU ta'nm, inf. ii. of (y\) ta'ndn. <T-J^ ta'ahhub, readiness, preparation, V. (s-J!>^).
(JifcVj)

(^^

tail', malicious fool. ta'ayyum, widowhood,

(^^).

iS\s

td'ih,
;

haughty

gone astray,

^V>
/iJt^

ta'ahhul, marriage, v. (Jj*^). ta'ahhum, inf. v. of q.v.

ta'ahhuh, sighing, v. (ii\). jyi\j tdhur, cloud. -iii^' ia'hib, getting ready, preparation, II. (s-J*^).
J.si\j
ta'lill,

welcome

(m.) dispersed. slowness, v. ta'du'l, going straight towards, vi. {^jiS) td'iyy, terminating wdth the letter y^ '-^^^j ta'yib, return, ii. (s-i^ v>j^). ijoVJ ta'yid, pi. -dt, assistance, help; proof support authorisation,
lost

^j^

ta'ayyi,

considering
;

II.

"-j^Vj

worthy, (J*^). ta'awwuh, return


ii.

{^}).
ia'yis,

coming

ij^^^
at

bringing to despair,

night-time, v. (v^^). h))^ tawuriyyat, theoi'y (m.). JjV; taawivul, explanation, v. (J^^). 8j^' iaawwuJi, sighing, sigh, v.
^j^' tdwi, falling,
v.,

&c., II. (lt-J^). *-i^ ta'yim, making a


(^-^)(_-j) tabb,

widow,

il.

fn'awwi, alighting, gathering together tdwiyy, terminating in the letter ua ;


ta'divt,

dying;
{ij}^),
;

VI.

INF. tabb, tabdb, tabib, cut be always at loss tubb, id. perish ii. inf. tatbib, injure, ruin imprecate, wish ruin to anyone iv. inf.
off

destroy

itbdb,

weaken

{i^ 'an);

abstain

from

X.

INF. istitbdb, be

161
in

r'
tabaddul, inf. v. of (J-^) holiday-clothes pi. iabadduldt, changes of persons permuta;

good
S
,

order,
loss,

be
;

perfected,

completed.
-r^ tabb,

J^

ruin

tihha-t,

distress.

tions.
} pi. of
3

^Wi'

tabdbi'a-t,

j-J tubba',

5!>it'

tabd!',

INF.

II.

of (g-M)

pi.

CjW iabdW,

q.v.
i)l.

tabddi',

unheard-of things, anyINF.


II.
;

JeW

tabilbil,

liati'eds,

of

J-f

thing extraordinary.
Ji>iiJ'

y<jM
>>W

tahdbhi,

breeches,
to

pi.

of oW
fight,

tabddd,

hand

hand

VI. (-v).

pi. of (J>^) substitution changes in compensation pi. ministry tabdil-an, in a disguised manner, with dissimula-

tabdil,

-dt,

transposition
;

J>iW'

tabdxhil,
;

change

exchange, permutation,

inter-

tion.
li,x^

trans-

tabdiya-t,
II.

receiving as a no-

position reciprocity, vi. (J-i;)JjWj tdbddkl, pi. dispersed (birds). jWj' toil?)', ruin, destruction.
;

vice,
_j\Joj

0-^). tibzdr, talker,

babbler

i>

tihzdra-t, spendthrift.

Cij^'

tabdri/j,

pi.

passionate

de-

(^)

sires.

i3JjM tabdriq, pi. anything moderately spiced or seasoned. i^jtsWi' tabdti, slowness, vi. (jW). ^ tibd', succession of things, continuation inf. hi. of (jti) pi. of j,KJ' tabV, q.v. gWi' ^i~3^ tubbd'u-'l-'aslcar-i, military train S tabd'a-t, punishment INF. of tabi', q.v. tibd'a-t,
; ;

inf. tabr, break into annihilate sepatabir, a, inf. tabar, perish II. INF. tathir, break rate (n.) annihilate iv. into pieces
tabar,
;

i,

pieces

destroy

^ consequence

bad

end h
; ; ;

ta-

abstain from ((^ 'an). j^ tabr, destruction (a.); tabr, tabar, ruin ; tibr, pi. tubiir, gold or fragments silver from the mine tibra-t, of metal, glass, &c. lump of gold, &c. cs)\;ij tabriik, kneeling, inf. ii. of
Itbdr,

bd'iyya-t, obedience;

dependence;
^\yt>

retainership.

tabar'ul, rufiling

of

the fea-

JWf tdbbdl, -who spices, seasons. yV^ tabbdn, seller of straw (m.) straw magazine tubbdn, pi.
;

thers.

fj^
gj<ii

tabarduh, smoothness polish good breeding, culture (m.).


;

tabdbin, sailor
;

short
S

trowsers

tabdna-t,

of a sagacity,

tabarru', pi. -dt, free


;

gift
;

or

vow

pious foundation

tabar-

INF. of ((:)-!J'). ^W tabdwu', INF. VI. of (f), q.v. contrayj^fj tabdyun, difference diction incommencontrast
; ;

ru'-an, gratis.

^jiJ tabar'um, budding.


uoEjJi

tabargus,

quivering,

con-

>!'

surability departure, vi. (y<j). tabab, ruin, perdition, death. (s-^) tabtab, inf. s , grow old. tabattul, celibacy, v. (J^)(ki-^j), INF. tabs, grieve, sorrow. g7^^' tabajbuj, swelling, tumour. g^' tabajjuj, great rejoicing.
;

vulsion. one's self. o;-> tabarruq, adorning osJj-j tabarruk, pi. -dt, blessing;

good omen
relics
;

abundance, wealth
;

J^

gifts, presents,

of

the great
^5

leavings honours, dignities ;

tabarrukiyy,

compliment

uyS^^
II.

tabjildt, pi. of
( J=F.),

J*^!-!J'

tabjil,

^;*j

ceremonies, compliments, applause. jjo^ tabadi-uq, dissipation (m.).


of

tabarru', (^;-y tabarri, justification, absolution (pass.). vexation, j^j-j tabrih, pi. tabdrih,
grief,

21

; ;

p'
jjj-y

162
of (jy), q.v. tihriz, table
;

^
after another; succeed to each other viii. inf. ittibd', follow ; reach seek zealously pursue X. INF. istitbd', ask or wish one
;

tahrh,

inf.

ii.
;

town
(Pers.).
*^j-(j

Tebris

tabri'a-t,
;

absolution
II.
(}ji)
;

free

cure, dandrifi.

setting
tibriya-t,

^iy^ tahazzuq, spitting.

^panion
ped
&c.
;
;

to follow

lead.

taba', pi. athd', successor,


;

com;

dwarfish. ^yf> tabzig, bleeding, venesection. !=->-j tabassut, vast extent ; roaming,
iJ>f> tihzila-t, tibzilla-t,

inemulator, disciple (m.) belonging tent on a thing foot of a quadruto, property


;
;

wandering about.
,*ij' tabassuni, smile. {ji~t^'> tabasbus, joyfulness,

glad-

ness.

pi. of C>V; tdbi', follower, tabi', emuINF. of (^) tib', suitor intent on lator tabdbi'a-t, pi. tubba', lover title of the Himyarite kings
;

(ji"M tabasms, friendliness.


;--*-j'

(x^), pi. tab(1sir, good news preaching of the Gospel Angelus in the Mass
tabs'ir,
II.
; ;

tabdbi', Aldabaran (star) i^l. tubbu', txibba', mother bee; conse tabi'a-t, shadow 'ad end quence punishment

announcement
the morning.
(ja.!-<^'

first

light

of

continual effort. .i*)j tdba"tid, removal.


oj**" taha'zuq, dissipation. ,_5-> tdba'iyy, dependent
;

tabasbus, flatteries.
iabsira-t,
;

iya^
&*-

what renders pru-

taba;

dent

a caution.

tabsiya-t, castration.

'iyya-t,

dependence
;

imitation

tab'iyya-t,

consequence,
;

jjkj tabatniq, graceful walk.


i3=-j tabti'a-t, delay.

cession

dependence

sucretainer-

(^')

tabi',

tabd'a-t,

A, INF. taba', tibiV, follow, join a person,


; ;

ship.
tabg, tobacco.

;^.^j

follow a doctrine II. tatbl', seek or strive for cause one to follow zealously iii. inf. tibd', cause another obey, serve

tabagmr, confusion. g.^' tabagniij, coquettishness, amorous allurements.


tabaqqi (A^a-J tabqiya-t), preservation, II. tabaqqi, remaining, remaining alive, v. of (o^).
;

,_sS-.'

one thing to succeed another immediately; inf. tibd', middequally firm and render strong in every part pursue with zeal and gain fat a solid knowledge of write books continually ; follow a tracks follow person's and iv. inf. itbd\ follow emulate cause one to and overtake follow and overtake another send after; cause to succeed, addition v. inf. give in strive seek or for tatabbu', follow up the dezealously dwell velopment of a thing upon; VI. INF. tatdbii', happen repeatedly, do repeatedly or in arrive one quick succession
ba'a-t,
;
;

Vi-j tabhd', tibkd',

violent weeping.

make

c:~>^ taMit, reproach, reproof remorse qualms of conscience. i-^' tabhiya-t, causing to weep, weeping, lamenting, inf. ii. of
;

(J<j) tabal, u, INF. tahl, consume, drive out of one's senses con;

tuse a man's mind (woman) destroy, annihilate i., ii. INF. tatbil. III. INF. mutdbala-t, spice, season iv. inf. itbdl, drive out of one's senses hate ; iutlict a calamity destroy, anni;

hilate.

J tabi, pi. tiibul, tabdbil, hatred


pi.

atbdl,

illness

tabil,

de-

structive.

; ; ;

; ; ;

J*>-

163
j^> tatdr, Tartar.

tabliga-t, pi. tabdlig, rope for pulling a water-wheel. ^J^ tablU, paving, ii. (tJb) (m.)
;

^*^

ij^

tatdli,

uninterrupted succes-

altar-stone.

(^

tabin, intelligent

sagacious
(t)^)
;

penetrating,
taban,

sion, VI. (^j). gj.^ tatabbu', zealous study. y taiar, Tartar ; tatra,

tabn,
pi.

see

tibn,

atbdn,
;

tubiln,

after the other soldier (m.).

^ one latariyy, footstammerpi.

straw
dish.
(e)^')

generous lord
i,

a large

5*- tata'tti', hesitating,

ing
inf.
iafcra,

(m.) idle talk.


tiifil,

JW
f)^

feed the straw tabin, a, inf. taban, tabdna-t, be penetrating, sagacious, intelligent II. id. bring the straw into the barn viii. inf. ittibdn, put on the short trowsers titbhdn tlbna-t, stalk of straw; h tabniya-f, solid building adoption, ii. (^). tabahliil, laughing. (ft^) tabd, V, INF. tabw, invade and
taban,
cattle

with straw

sell

Ji^

tatfal,
;

tutful,

tatdjU,

fox

whelp of a
(^),

fox.
tatliya-t,
;

tj^
of

tatalM,

INF. V.

ii.

following

dunning,

pressing for payment.


eU.sj tutmdj, vermicelli.
pi. -d,t, supplement, appendix, integration. y-s iutim, tobacco (m.). j'j tatw, tassel of a cap. &fifS tatwiba-t, repentance. s-~?.y^ tatwib, calling to repentance. l^a^' tashin, rudeness. i^jis tasrid, inf. ii. of (J/), breaking bread, &c. slight rain. JiS tasal, an aroma. vA^Juij tadk, INF. II. of {^i-^)
;

^*^ tatimma-t,

make

booty.
;

tahatvwu', taking possession of

inhabiting, v. (y). ^ft> tabbfib, place of perdition desert tabawwiib, taking for a door-keeper, v. (vy). uy^ tabfd, bier chest. Jj^ tabaurud, taking fresh air
;

trinity.
j-J^' taslij,
it~~i>

being icy cold


inf.

icy cold.

tasniya-t,
g^yiS-S^
;

(m.).

dual
>-yS'

&^

ii.

of d^') tasniyatu'l-

t^> iaba"ut, lying on the side. s-ij<J^ tabwib, division into chapters (m.) guidance. ji>j+ tabwir, leaving land fallow.
(j~S^' tahivis, kissing.

ixtird'-i,

Deuteronomy.

tasa"ub, yawning, v. (v^).


taswiya-t, detaining, hospitable
ii.

h)^
(_jij'

reception; death;
tasy,

(i^y).

i3>^ tabwiq, a blast of the trumpet. hf!^ tabwiya-t, inf. ii. of (y), q.v. yW> tabydn, tibydn, explanation

wild date. vt>W tijdb, silver obtained at the first melting of the ore. jUj tiijjdr, merchants, pi. of y^^
tdjir
;

comment

exjjounding

mani-

tijdra-f,

commerce

festation, INF. of {ij^). -r^ tabib, damage, loss, ruin.


iiyr^j tubaizila-t, little

traffic.

^rJjW tajdrib, experiments,


pi.

trials,

^t-

dwarf. tabaifur, being shod, cure of a


tabi',
;

of &!/p tajriba-t.

horse, &c.
ga-iJ

^5J^j' tajdrt, VI. (<4;^)


cial,

commerce, intercourse tujjdriyy, commer;

follower

tabi'a-t,

mercantile.
tajdrtd,

suit

pi. its
;

tibd',

tabd'i',

calf fol-

JUj^j'

detached

troops

lowing
helper
}i^

mother; companion,
;

debtor
,_5j

who

searches,

military expeditions. f^}'^ tajdzi, pressing demand.

strives zealously.

tabayyu',

tabayyi,

inten-

JV

tajdll,

exalting one's

self,

vi.

tion, purpose.

; ;

164
u*^^'
^^^'
tajdlus, sitting, session. tajdlid,

.^
tajtiyii-t,

Mv
ila=>

lopping of trees,

ii.

person

figure,
trijiUa-t,

shape.

respect, esteem, reve-

oW tajunn, (^^J' tajdnun, vi.


madness.

(y^^-)

'W

tajdh, tijdh, tujdh, opposite, in


of, vis

front

vis.

rence. pi. -dt, reveJ.;^- tajaUl, V. (^^), transfiguapparition lation ration epiphany; splendour;
; ;

^^W tajdivid, rain.

V.

(
;

J^), preference, pre-emi-

}i)^ tajdwiz, pi. of jljaJ tajicilz. <-k}^ tajdwif, holes, cavities,


of -Mj'sS tajwif. vWaj* tijbdh, vein of silver.

nence
pi.

tajliya-t,
;

making smooth revealing plaining, II. (^), (o^).

polishing, ex;

jW^

haughtiness. ^Wa5 tajhiya-t, bow, obeisance.


tajbd.r,
<_Aj.Jas

J*aJ' fajammnl, v. of J*=s- jaiiial, q.v.; pomp; pi. tajammuldt, ornaments, pieces of furniture,
articles of luxury. ^ssj'

iajdif, T^l.tajddif,

blasphemy.
root

;jiaS tajzir,

extraction of a eradication.
tajzim, amputation.
tajar,

tajammum,

v.

(^)

(m.) full

measure.
jjj^' fajanzur, concatination (m.)

(8'ia

(;^)

v,

inf.

tajr,

tijdra-i,
;

carry on III. INF.

commerce,

traffic

(j~~&'>

mutdjava-t, iv. itjdr, VIII. INF. ittijdr, id.


tujur,

inf.

of (lt-^) II. play on words figure of speech. u^j^aj' tajnil-, heat of battle (m.).
fajnis,

INF.

>

alliteration

;V

merchants,
pi.

pi.

of

fs-'^

(ij^j)
ia^j^

tiijah,

A,

originating
VIII. of
<s=-^

from
imjali,

tdjir.

i^y^ tajriba-t,
trial, essay,

iltajaJi,

tajdrib,
;

fa/drib,
exjseri-

experiment

turn
other.
^eeasj'

the

faces

towards

each

ence.
>;!

tajarriid, inf. v. of (^^j^), q.v.


tajrid,

fajhiya-f,

widening,

ii. (,_5^).

(m.) impartiality.

wj^^&> iajwdh, INF. of (v'y^), q.v.


j\^jsj'

J^^'

inf.
;

ascetic life

pi. tajdrid,
;

expeditions

tachment ment.
&f;j?s

of (J;^), q.v. military sending of a deii.

tijw'iz,

pi.

tajdidz, a

striped

garment.
J\^^'
j^asJ

tajrida-i, detach-

iajivd], INF. II. of (J^), roaming about in distant parts.


;

f>i]^ tajr tin, fine, mulct.


tajri'a-t,
II.

o^/^

'fy'''''.

encou-

raging,
inf.
.)*J
II.

(}fi-}

; 4yaJ'

tajfii/a-i,

of

(<^/5-), q.v.

tajazzii',

being
<So)j?J

satisfied,

v.

tajawiniz, inf. of jysvulg. for S)y tazawu-uj, marriage. gjaJi ffy'rt ('_'(/', starving one's self; abstaining from food. ^^^ iajirid, doing or speaking right SAYift running of a horse,
;

'(V)^5ja>

ir(jj<s.).

tajazzi,

fajznja-f, divid-

jS^"

tajv^'i^, INF. II. of (j^) for gj^y tazirij, giving in

(m.)

mar;

Jt~^'

tajassud,

incarnation, incor(j~-9-).

riage.
t-oi^aJ' tajirif,

poration, V.
(_,-~j5=j

hollowing,

ii.

("-i^)

tajassus, exploring,

slaying

pi. fajwifdt, fajdu'lf, cavities,

hol-

yi-asi'

out, &C., V. ((J~^). iajassu' v. isAj^


,

lows, holes.
tiijtii'a-f, ii.
ij^jsiJ'

faju'iyii-t,

taming, domesticaolive-seed

of (UW), belching. ^U^- tijfdf, pi. .-Aji^'

tion.
tajdf/f,
^sjjj'

tajh;

pressed
great

armour
horse
;

of a

horseman and his

residue.
iji>V
tajayyu.s,

housing, saddle-cloth.

excitement

; ;

; ;

CSV
assembling of the troops under
their colours.

166

cjW
-\yW tahsh, spurring on, urging.
tahajjuj, pretext, subterfuge,

>-^ tajayyuf, putrefaction.


>-^e**'
ta.j'i'f,
;

excuse.
ii.

frightening,
tahnhub,

of

putrefaction, tjW tahnbb,


(cjW.)

^5=j' tahajjum, great avarice.


lij-iaj

ii. (i_a-^).

s-iW

mutual

tahaddiis, inf. v. of
;

(vi^Jio.)
;

love, VI. (s-^).

conversation
result.
l^aaV

recent

event

^W'

tahilsi,

shunning, being on

yW

one's guard against tahdluz, dialogue.


Yi. of

((^ tow).

tahaddum, rage boiling. Ji&j tahazztd, compassion.


;

(JW
tsW

tahdhim,

tahdlim,\A.oi **laj tahlama-t;

(^).

v^^aj taharrus, challenge.


>*;=

{J'-^ja:?

ta/iarhus,

iahdnn, strong emotion, vio-

taharmiiz,
;

lent desire.
(_5iW tahdni,

harinaz
)>ya?

inf. ii. of illegitimate birth.


;

)'^

j^VaJ

leaning against. tahdwur, dialogue. ij^jW tahdwus, ensnaring, rounding with nets.

sur-

tahrir, inf. ii. {f-) devoting yJkli^ ^_;t:; one's self to God tahrir iqlidas, Euclid's elements
;

pi. tahrirdt,
jjI,

letter,

note, notice

Jj^W
and

documents, despatches.
tahrif,

oi^W
*,-.

alternately fertile years. jewellery. tahd'if, presents


tahdivtl,
.sterile
;

wi>jsJ

tahabbub, showing granulating, v. C*^-^).

love

permutation gram.
^.>;&>

INF. II. of of letters

(<-*;=^)
;

ana-

(^-aj tahabbus,

being imprisoned
ii.

detention.
^*a6J'

tahrim, inf. ii. of (ff^) the dress of pilgritahrhniyy, unlawful. mage


;

donning
;

tahbir,

inf.

of

(7!^)

SJJ&;'
;

tahazzub,
;

11.

v'}=

party

elegant style.
(j~*ts

confederation
jjjaJ

set of persons.

tahbis,
;

imprisonment; de-

tention

reservation, proviso.
;

(i^), liXjiW tahbtk, II. q.v. twisting, (m.) indentation


;

tahazzn, <jjaJ iahazzi, soothsaying. (^'jaJ tahzrii, grieving reading the Koran in public.
;

plaiting.
A,MJ!=

-~as iahaesuf, falling of

the hair.
;

takbiya-t, defence, protection.

(;)-&>
svH,

tahshi,

II.

(c:)^')

pi.
;

(o-Ni&i) taht,

below

at the lower end, occupy a low tvhut, pi. the lower place
;

hence
;

the lower part


:

under,

good

action,

benefit

tahdap-

tahat, sit

down

proval.
i:t-isiss

tahsiya-t,
;

trimming the edge


;

classes.
i_3>Uss>

marginal notes. of a garment produce. J-assJ' tahassul, v. (J-=>-)


(^-oaj

tahtdniyy,

inferior

marked
(letter)
(jJU&i)

dots with lowly placed.


;

low beneath
;

tahassun, v. (y=-)

chastity.

j^jiL-oas* tahiSilddr,
^^s<aa='

tax-gatherer.
;

taJisin, 11. (t)-=-)

thoroughtu^fa-t
;

inf. (with a noise)


tahtah,

ii,

move,

stir

bredness of a
(i-a-aj)

stallion.
iAsaJ'

11.

inf. tatah-

tu^, id.
&,!> tahtaha-t,

II.

tuhaf, pi. of INF. tath if,

adorn
;

iv.

noise in moving.

*-;&

tahattum,

benevolence,

v.

j_j:^' talftiyy,
e-.>.x5>'

low, inferior.

tahtis,

weakness.

INF. ifhdf, bestow costly pre tuhfa-t, present with sents tuhafa-t, pi. tuhaf, tahd'if, pretribute anything sent favour precious, beautiful, rare and fit
;

166
object
piece.

Ai>

for

a present

mastertreat-

*J^'
iiiaJ'

iahfdya-t,

resjiectful

tahawwul, v. (J^) cunning; power removal. tJjaJ tahawwun, meanness, lowness;


Jjj'
; ;

ment, INF.

(,ji=^).
(liis-)
;

ruin.

tahaffuz, v. tine.

(m.) quaran-

Ji^

tahwil,

II.
;

(J^);

pl-_

-f'^
;

J4s
^jiaJ'

tahaffwl, V. (Ji=^)
tahaffi,

numerous
humanity,

assembly.
V.
(i_s=^)
;

revolution transformation transport cheque. u:.-;aJ tvhfiif, rather low, dim. of


;

ks-^aj taht.
SsjaJ'

humane
JAaJ

^jroceedings.

tuhit, tahit, tihit,

tahaqqnd, hatred.

grudge, inveterate

JtsBJ tahayyul,

dry year. cunning, stratagem;

^3Ra tahqiq, ii. (i3-)

certain certain
(^aj

truths
;

pi. tahqiqdt,

power. yaJ tahin,


hayyiin,
arrival.
^isj'

tahqiqiyy,

v.

taspace of time; expectation (t>*=^)


; ;

affirmative.
v.

tahakkum,

{f^)

usurpa-

iahiyya-t, pi. -at, iahdyd, wel;

tion, disposal.
JaJ' tahill,

come, salutation
;

congratulation,
^

redeeming one's oath


;

II.
i^ytrt;^

(o-);

tahilla-t,
;

sation of an oath. oi&j' iahJ'iq, shaving. tahlil, INF. II. of (J^)

permission, dispenredeeming absolution

(^)

death. tahyin, fixing a term tahh, u, INF. tuhnha-t, get sour


IV.

INF.
well.

ithdh,

leaven

the

dough
cure dispen;
;

J-W

J'

tahh,

sesame-oil
pi.

leavened
tahrnb

tahJUa-i, permission
;

dough.
s-JjWj tahdrih,
of
v>;i;aj'

sation
((>>)

absolution.

taham, V, inf. tahm, weave a variegated or striped garment IX. ithamni, inf. ithimam, be i tahama-t, yellowblack striped stuffs tahimma-f, dresses which a divorced wife receives; tuhma-f, deep black

and

<-:-S!7=y

tahrib.

^j^
>-fl>jW

tahdriin, pi. of

^^*^
of

tafirim.
<-05^aJ'

fahdvif,

pi.

tahwif.
ki~jij tahabhiis, filth, dirt.
,_3<*j

colour.

cealment a tent
;

tahdbhi, being concealed, coni tahbiya-t, pitching

tahbi'a-t,

concealment.

JUJ' fihimmdl, bearing, suffering. ^^ykaJ tahammi, abstinence; protahmiya-t, tecting one's self to glow. >iU!&> tahndz, roasting by means of stones. -Ai*j' tahannwf, profession of the
;
ii

i-*j taht,

pi. tuhi'd, seat,


;

bench
;

make

ysaj'

true faith. tahannu', being coloured with

saddle bed, couch cloth-press o-j y\jy taht rau-dn, litter, sedan-chair S (Pers.) tahta-t, sheet of metal board on which a corpse is washed. 6Wj tahtdh, ^UUaj tahtdhdniyy,
; ; ;
;

sofa

throne

stammerer

foreigner.

hannah, v. (y^). ^te> tahanni, v. (,_jis.=yc.), bent;


inclination
;

g*sj' tahtaj, pi. tahdtij,

board, plank;

table (Pers.)
"S^aJ^ tahtaha-t, unarticulated sound. i*AsJ' tahtima-t, dissimulation. ;iay tahassur, getting thick curd(^:*&'),
;

tahni', t tahni'a-t,
ii. ii.
(\-'=-)
;

colouring with henna, tahniya-t, bending,

t^jfcj'

(^y^

cu^'
V.

the lower classes, tahawwnt taMt, dry year


tuhi'd, pi.
;

ling.
;

taha:,

yathaz,

take,

for

Aa^\

(Ij-),

vigilance.

ittahaz, viii. of {^\).

; ;

;;

;*
tr';ay

167
hama-t,
tion.
pi.

e-*-"

taharbus, scribbling, scrawl-

.dt,

tuham, indiges-

ing.

(^;ay tahris, i, ta/irisa-t, jutting part of a dress or shirt. >T>y^' tahrabub, a superior kind of camel. Vj^asJ' tuhrub, pi. tahdrib, waspnest.
jj;^'

t^*^

tahmiii,

supposition,
;

mation, conjecture tahmhiiyy, approximate, conjectural.


>3)f^ tahaaruq, getting impaled (m.). 4-^^' tuhitma-t, pi. tuham, tuhum,

esti-

tuhrur,
tahrib,

neither

strong

nor

boundary
desirable
state.

district

stout.
T-J;*J'

condition,

tuhum, prosperous

pi. tahdrib,

devasta-

tion, injury.
(jajj&i'

-Aj^^
pi. pi.
;

tahris ^^ijsjcsJi tahris.


tahr'nn,
ii.

t*ij^

((j^)

-n,
:

tahwif, INF. II. of ("-J^) tahdwlf, terrible phantom scarecrow.

embroidery chased work.


tahdrim,
(.r~^'

laces

tuhas, dol^jhin. jji.i-i^ tahashux, rustling.

^^-i^ tahsiya-t, frightening.


i*y tahissa-t, specification, particular distinction (a.).
(ja=^'

tahasstis,
;

peculiar quality
(ijai)
pi.
-dt,

tahayi/tib, fraud, deceit, deception. '-4i&' tahayyuf, variegation, various shades of colour (i-oji-). Jsj' tahayyul, inf. v. of ( Js*-) pi. -dt, conception imagination, fancy supposition.

'r-sjy

distinction
ijfl-y

v. ((j^)II.
;

uLwssJ tahyiliyy, imaginary.


_;4}W taddbir, pi. of
Ji\jiy

tahsis,

^Ju

fadhtr.
{t^"^)
;

special funds.
&!=&

tahtiya-f,

seduction

accusa-

taddhvJ, arrears.
tazruj.

INF. VI. of

tion.
ijAsy
i_il-naj

tahafft,

hiding one's
INF.
II.

self

g;\>ij'

taddrij, pi. of

sj-^'

tadruj^^Sj^
('Js'jJ)
;

tahfiya-t, concealing.
tahfif,

usJj^Jj'

taddrulc,
;

inf. vi. of

of

(>-^)

atonement

remedy
-dt,

dropping of the taMid.


Jiisj' tahalhul,
;

remedy
;

pi.

legal preparations,
;

clattering
;

want of firmness ing ing one's self with an anklering.


woltei'

waveradorn-

provisions.

ScUj tadd'a-t, repose, rest, ease.

^\^S
^\ju

taddmir,
taddni,

pi.

of

^i
vi.

neighbourhood
(yJ).
;

tahalluf,

INF.

V.

of
;

<-ali-

mutual approach,
j_s&\aj

difference.
^jl^' tihli,

drink

empty
ing.
((&)

food and 6 tahliya-t, leaving leaving alone abandon-

tahW, world

taddhi, cunning, craft

skill,

VI.
c)j\jij

(yj).
taddiimli,

throng of
pi. of y.^^'

battle.

jjW
^Jj

taddwir,

fadvir.

tahim, suffer from inf. indigestion mutdhama-t, adjoin, border upon INF. ithdm, suffer from*
limit
;

tahain,

i,

inf. tahm, confine,


A,
iii.

g-ijj tadbij,

adornment.
;

tadbir, pi. -dt, taddbir, order;

arrangement government

administration
politics,

policy
ii.

IV.

indigestion, have a stomachache. ,ay tahm, indigestion tahm, tuhm, pi. tuhum, tulinm, boun;

(yj). i'*jj tadbiya-t, profession, trade, ii. (^ij) tadbia-t, concealment,


;
;

consideration

opinion,

II. (V}J).

dary,

boundary-stone

Jj,,.^
lie.

tadjU,

pitching;

gilding;

tu-


sSI

168

V
adding a pendix, supplenient vcdad quiescent letter to a majmii' at the end of a foot. (j>) tan; u, inf. tan; tiirCn; appear and be cut out (bone) be cut off remove, depart cut off resound tirrin; tarr, inf.
;

^j-ij'

tuclrd, I

tiulrn-t,

might, power,

strength.
*;>^
'j-^

tudrih, protection. tadlrra-f, abundant

flow

of

milk.
E)-^'

tadrnj=sj^
;

fc.?i'"J;

^j-^ tadr/k, inf. ii. ('^jJ) foresight prudence.

(m.)

tarih-a-t,

^^^' tud'a-t, easy life. (JsJ-^' tadqiq, exactness, precision,

bones
;

be full
iv.

in

flesh

and
;

inf.
(a.),

ifrar,

subtilty
II.
(jJ-iJ
^ij'

pounding

to powder,

tate remove throw away


;

fling

ampusend away make re;

(JO). tadallvq, inundation.

sound.

tarr,
tart;
'

good
root,

Palmyra; tadammur, discontent murmuring, grumfadmiir,


;

bling

ruin, V. (/'>)

tira-t,
;

tS

'*<^-

iiniriyy,

a
;

small

field-mouse;
;

&c. cate

stepper (horse) origin; plummet; INF. of (fi), hatred,

tiirva-t,

handsome

deli-

and coquettish.
i>l.afi-tba-f, tirhdii,

unworthy
anybody.
^"'i'

mean

somebody,
as
ii.

v'V

ttiri'ih,

ground, dust
;

fadtniya-t, wounding so to cause the blood to flow,

of earth ^_s tardbiyy, earthly, earthy, earthen.

earth,

turdba-t, clod

i_5'ij

tadann'i, ajiproach, y. {f'^). ^^^' tadniq, INF. II. (iJJJ) (m.)


;

jf^y tari'itnr, nuts.

sweetmeat made of
calamities.
pi.

f\f tardtir,
}i'\y

jil.

freezing to death. j^^ tadahwnr, ruin; overthrow.


ii;^>^'

tardtir,
girls.

handsome
J-sy
tartll.

but

stupid

tadunra-t,
tcidivir,

round
II.
;

sand-hill.
(jjJ)
;

J*5y

tardtil, pi. of

^jjj'

INF.

circle
;

epicycle circumference tadwlra-f, small turban.


gj\i; tazi'irij, pi. of Ej-^' tazrvj.

>^\f turds, inheritance {^j}). tarjamdn ^=-V" tardjim, pi. of

oWy
;

^^ tazilldr, pi. of iji^ tci;kira-t


tazi'ikur,
wj.ju.ii'

and i*^y tarjama-t tardjum, INF. V. of ^j throwing stones


,

at each other.
Js=-^/ tardjil, parsley.

INF. VI. of (j^j).


;

tazdbzuh, palpitation
;

agita-

C^f tardh, beaver.

tion
gjij'

doubt

uncertainty.
fazdi-ij,

tazriij,

pi.

tazruja-t,

i^f tardra-t, being juicy, full of sap or marrow,


"^j^ tardrih, pi. of Ajsy turralia-t.
j\y turdz,

pheasant (Pers.).
jVJjj tazh'tr,

remembrance; mention;
;

keepsake
)ijj

present.
;

dying suddenly,

remembrance conconversation private ' tazkira-t, night-study pi. remembrance taziUiir, keepmemorandum, memoir sake testimonial receipt note fazkara-f, id. biopassport graphy. w>yjij' taziii'ih, ripening on the stalk
tazahkiir,

y-y

ference,

of furs shield-bearer; tara"us, INF. V. of (u-^j) tardss, inp. Ti. of ((J-)) ; tirdsa-t, making

tirds, shields, pi.

^y

/cr)-i-r?s,

ii

shields.

J^\y

tardx, razor; J^^y

tardis,

pen-knife.

qalatn

gV

tan-d',
;

chunnul

filling the basin door-keeper.

or of

(date).
j-jjuf

v-M^V
INF.
II.

tardgif,

loaves,

&c., pi.

tazyiJ,

of

Ji J)

ap-

<-4-i) ragif.

; ; ;

V
t-jy
tara'uf, ness.

169
;

benevolence
collar-bones,
;

kindpi.

ground,

dust
;

tomb

tombpi.
-dt,
;

stone or memorial to the dead


of

(ji^
ijif

taraqi,

cemetery

tariba-t,

tarquwa-t

loftiness, inf. vi.


it

isJy

of (Jij). tardk, leave interfere


!

alone

do not
;

Iti\f

tardkum, condensation cumulation increasing


; ;

of

actard,-

ii

hhna-i,

Turcomans,

pi.

a^f
tine

turlmniln.
'-r^i\f ta/rdMb, pi. of s-^ tarhib.

raising dust (wind) taribba-t, education rearing, INF. II. of (v>j). ^f iarbd', turabd', earth; ground. (j*^>y tirbdd, saffron in bloom. yViy Urban, pi. of s^ly tnrdb. referring ij^f turbatiyy, earthy to the tomb.

finger-top

i>y tirbid,

turbid, laxative,

(yV)
camel

tcirdmiz,
;

strong full grown.

and

uuyy tarabut, docile (camel).


(_s>y

tarabbi,

er-V
(jOj\y

tar d mis, pi. silver-beads. tardwud, drill, exercise.

making
gftjy

education, rearing conserves, inf. v. of

^)\f tardwih, the twenty-two genuflections after the last prayer of

tarbi% inf.
;

Ramadan.
-r^\j>

angle square
talif,

ii. of (j'j) ; right (^ tarbi'iyy, quadratic _4U&/ cu tarbi'iyy muh-

tard'ib,

ribs,

&c., pi. of &*jy


pi.

tariba-t.
ijj\j>

collar-bones, yy tarquwa-t.
tard'iq,
tard'iJc,

of of

trajoezium. ^3-J/ tarbiq, inf. ii. (i3>j) rope for tying up sheep.
;

tirbiq,

^y
pi.

tarbiya-t,

education
; ;

rearing of

u^Uj

helmets, &c.,
tarab,

plants or animals
child,

^/

tartlca-t, q.v.

ward
; ;

pupil, fosteremendation, ex-

(k_jj>) tarib,

A, INF.

abound
; ;

in earth, ground, dust (place)

postulation good manners ; progress increase composition,


;

cling to the

ground or dust

covered with earth or dust INF. tarab, niatrab, be hopeless, despair desperate, be poor, miserable inf. tarh, cover with earth or dust; ii. inf. cling to the ground tatrib, id. be rich, and, by opposition, poor; turn into dust, decay, putrify grow dust-coloured III. INF. mutdraba-t, be of the same age become familiar with be a comrade iv. inf. itrdb, cover or pelt with earth or dust be rich, poor possess a female slave who had already three masters before v. inf.
; ;

be

(yj). _)Uy iartdr, whirljjool

II.

s-jy

turtab,
;

slave

abyss. everlastingness
;

bad
firm
;

turtab,
;

t^irtub,

well-managed

earth,
;

farattnb, turtub-an, altogether getting into INF. V. of (s-jj) shape appearing resulting. i-tif taiiubba-t, trodden path. iff) tartar, inf. 6 move, shake (m.) chatter talk much (a.)
;

dust

i be shaken, tremble shaking; motion talkdulness ativeness languidness


II.
;

tartara-t,

of speech.

^y> turtam, turtum, lasting.


A>/ turta-t,

stammering.
turtle-dove
;

vy

of the same age, companion, friend tarib,


tirb,
f.

tatarrub, be covered with earth or dust. tarb, turb, earth, ground, dust
pi. atrdb,

jyy

turtur,
;

tax;

gatherer
tardttr,
girls.
^.-.^y

pi. body-guardsman handsome but stupid

earthy ness
;

poor

tarfib,

inf.
;

ii.

of
;

(^^j)

tarba-t,

weak-

method, plan, system


prescription

precept,

turba-t,

pi. turab, earth.

layer, row.

22

; ;

170
u*/
effort
;

^y
JsS/
tartil,

INP.

II.

of
;

( J>j)

pi.

endeavour
II.

emendation
(''j);

tan'dil, chant,

^f
ey

tartiya-i,

chorale anthem. (m.) restoration,


(yj).
terj,
tarij,

emendation,
toro;',

ii.

progress. jjoy fardid, INF. disjunction.


(;/)

of

discord;

u,

inf.
;

and
toraj,

hidden

be veiled
a,

<-i!Jy tardif, escort.


;

be in the difficult matter; citron, lemon.

inf. dark about a


S

tariz, A, tc(>-az, I, INF. tarz INF. taraz, be hard, dry, arid


;

turiijja-t,

wither die be hungry throw tariz, a, inf. on the ground


;

C^y

iarajjuh,

shaking,

swinging,

fara-,

freeze;

iv.

inf.

itraz,

rocking, v. (g^;). ((^y) tarjam, inf. S, translate from one languat;e into another 4 tarjama-t, tarjitinn-i, pi. tariljim, translation.

render
hard.
jy
tarz,

hard

and
;

dry

knead
cattle)
;

hunger
;

epilepsy

colic (of

taraz,
6,

freezing

hunger.

yUi-y

tarjaiUiin,

tarjtimii/i,

tinjn-

(wf)
tirds,

tirrs,

pi.

tirasa-f,
;

atrds,

mnn,
lator.

pi. fai-i'ijim, {m.)tari'ijima-i,

turus,

iorajamin,

interpreter,

trans-

tj^y tarajji, hoping, inf. v.

y^-j)

(j_j?-j
;

'

tarjiya-t,

hope
;

depre-

sire.

of ground; hence: ii. tarras, INF. tarsis, cover one's self with a shield, arm with a shield V. INF. tatarriis, cover one's self 6 with a shield tirsa-t, tor;
;

shield

hard piece

fr-y

tarjih,

inf.

ii.

(j^j)
;

toise.

d^y_

overweight. inf. II. (e^^j) repetition; burden (of a song); echo; compensation.
tarjl',
^cny'/?,

ference

iiV-y tarsdna-t,

and
shield-like,

diV^-y tarshd/ia-t, arsenal (Pers.).


i_3-y

tursiyy,

of

the
cal;

J=5-y

INF.

II.

(J=-;)

white

shape of a shield.
I*<^f
tarsini, inf. ii. of (j*;)
;

spot on the hind foot of a horse

shadow.
(jy)
tarih,

descend;

inf. tatrih, grieve; IV. iNP. itrdh, id. v. inf. tatarrnh, be grieved.
ii.
;

a, inf. tanih,

be sad;

painting printing upon.


ligra]iby

drawing
taras,

(^y)

taris,

a,

inf.

be

flighty,

of

bad

disposition,

miserly.

s-'^=-y tarh'ih,

JV=.y

welcome. iirhU, departure; travelling.


ii. ( J^j)

yiy tars, taras, lightness, levity bad disposition avarice.


;

Ji=-y tarhil, inf. (jy) tarah, a,

patiunee.

slight
scarify.

inf. incisions in

/(n7/,

make
skin

U.y tirsd\ rope to draw a bucket. ^Uiy tarsi'f-', sprinkling, ii. {^j).

the

ijAy tarsi ya-t, bribing,


firm

ii.

(^j).

i'J'f) tarns, INF. tardfa-t,


; ;

tf

scarification cupping. turham, iurhiut), i tarhama-t, tarhuma-t, man, individual. ^^y tarhiija-t, softening, loosening
tar/i,

be strong,
;

II.

INF. tartis, tare, cor;

^y

rect the

weight

iv. id.

make

strong and firm.


i_py tarif, , i-oy taraff/id,

strong.

relaxation yielding. j\jy tanJiid, INP. II. of (J;). wjjy tcn-addiih, inf. v. of (s-^_)) gracefulness affection. hesijjy taraddiiil, inf. v. of (J;) tation, irresolution refusal conversation correspondence
;
;

observing; expecting(>^-=)).
;

hoping,
ya--=y

V.

INF. II. of (^j) ning; glazing; soldering.


tarfif,

tin-

yi^y

push

M/

II. of ((jij ;) (m.) bruise, contusion. tardiya-t, satisfaction, render;

fardid, INF.


; ;

; ; ;

tf
ing content
;

171

>di

apology, depreca-

tion, II. (j^jij).

(/) tara', a, inf. tar', keep off, keep at a distance tari', a, INF. tero.', be prone to evil cheerfully and confidently engage in a business be full II. INP. tatri', lock iv. inf. itnV, fill; V. INF. tatarru', be
;

along, walking in jerks (from old age). J*iy tarfil, addition of a sabah hafif to a watad majmiV at the end of a foot.
ii/ tarfiya-t,
i_5si/
ii.
II.

prone to anybody
full.

(,^j), 4y tarfVa-t,
(Uj),

tarfV

congratulation

evil

towards

(v

hi)

viii. inf. ittird',

get

to a newly-married couple. (3i/ tarfiq, inf. ii. of (i3j) (m.) assistance, aid, subsidy. SUy tarqdt, injury to the collar;

gy

tara',

full
;

to

evil
;

bone.
tari', full
;

prone
tura',

Syiy tarquwa-t,

turquwa-t, pi. tardqi,


inf.
v.
;

tur'a-t,

pi.
;

tard'iq, collar-bone.
tjif

door terraced garden step, degree open place apparition, vision mouth of a well spring basin of a fountain tank, reser;
; ; ; ;
;

taraqqi, taraqqiydt,

(^j)

pi.

progress
;

advancement
progress,
ii.

increase
tarqiya-t,

(Jij).

voir

fall of a river.

i^y

s->^/ tar'db, frightening, threatening, ir. ("-r-C)) ; 2 , tir'dha-t, timorous.


(_jcy tir'iyy,
i
,

tarqhn, inf. ii. of (^j), vocalisation furnishing with a list of prices embroidering dashes to fill up, asterisks.
; ; ;

tar'iyya-t, tir'iyya-t,
tar'iya-t, tir'iya-t,

(liSy)

tarak,

xs,

inf.
;

tark,

tirkdiit

tur'iyya-t
tur'iya-t,

and

who takes good care of camels, tends them well tara" I, inf. v. of (o^j). ii^f tir'iha-t, slice of a camel's
;

abandon, desist, neglect tarik, a, inf. do, put, arrange tarak, marry a deserted woman
leave,

hump.
ilcy targalla-t, turtle-dove (m.).

INF. tirdk, mutdraka-t, leave a leave one alone, at rest business to another; accord a
III.
;

truce, grant
;

an amnesty
;

vi.

>T-*V temptation.
(i-Sy)

to-rgib,

ii.

inf.

of

(s-j)

INF. tatdruk, let a business drop vi. inf. between one another

inf. taraf, live in tarif, abundance ii. inf. tatrif, effeminating, seduce into wantonness, render overbearing IV. INF. itrdf, id. afford ease and comfort persist in wantonness or arrogance ; v. inf. x. tatarruf, live in affluence
a,
;

intirdk,

be abandoned

(inheritance) ; viii. INF. ittirdk, abandon, leave. oi)y abandoning, leaving tark,

behind

be

left

istitrdf,

be wanton, overbearing,
effeminacy
;

(woman)
ii

turk, Turk, doing, putting ; Tartar rude or brutal fellow


;

tarka-t,
;

thick-set,

stubby

pi. tark,

iron helmet

unjust.

tirka-t, tarika-t, anything left behind, legacy, inheritance.

^f

taraf,

softness

ease

delicacy

(^\.if

tirkdn, inf. of {'^f)-

tarif,
;

thin

commodious,
feminate comfort
; ;

easy-going

ef-

turfa-t,
;

ease,

yUSy turkmdn, pL Turcoman. ^Jf turkiyy, Turk f


;

tardkima-t,

dainty

anything

pi. turkiyydt,

beautiful or rare as a present.


(j-^y turfds, poisonous

^f

tarkib,
;

Turkish anything Turkish. cominf. ii. (s-^)


.

mushroom.
strutting

position

mechanism the human


;

J*/

tarafful,

tarfala-t,

body

musical note

^ tarki-

; ;

; ;

J/
hiyy,

172
skilful,

43/
tarhut, morsels.

compound

inge-

tyy

who swallows

large

nious.
tarlik, <A^y farllk, shoes of Morocco-leather (m.). tirm, term (m.) hence ii. )/ tarram, inf. tatrim, fix a term. tj'Srt^/ turunibaji, fireman (m.).
;

^f

^j^y^y

taraithv.",

purifying (of gold,

m.).
j^y
ttirilr,
tiiri'n:,

j^y

{j^^y

INF. of (y). thickness and firmness. tarawwi's, sharpening into a

^^y

turumla-t, fire-engine (m.). (u~*y) tarmas, inf. i withdraw from the turmoil, from battle.
,

point, v. (y-y. Ac^y tarwi'a-t, blast of a trumpet, tara"um, compassion, love, v.

ij-^f

turmus, tarmns, bramble i tarmasa-t, (Egyptian) bean INF. of (J*-*/ tarmas turmusa-t, hole in the ground (for preserving fruit, cooling, &c.).
;

(i\j)

tarawwum,

mockery,
{iS)j)
;

v.

^^^y tarawivi, ^J}y


(j~j^y

inf. v. oi

tarwV, inf. ii. of (^jj). tarw'is, sharpening into


II.

(3**/ tarmiq, inf. ii. of ((3^j) sketch, first outline. ((jy) taran, dirt. gSji' hirunj, i, orange (Pers.).

point,

((j-y.

doj^y tarwiqa-t,
iS^y

breakfast (m.).
;

t)Wy

tit,runjdn,

melissa,

balm-

mint. i^^tri^f taranjabm, manna.


,j==y turunjiyy, orange-coloured.
ftiy

inf. ii. of (\jy) h^y tarwiya-t, inf. ii. of ii^)j)((^y) tara, a, inf. tary, relax
tarwi'a-t,
; ;

tarannum, inf. v. of (^j) reading of the Koran with a singing voice song psalmody
; ;

be cheerful, in good humour iv. inf. itra', be numerous perform one work after another with intervals of rest between. enfeebled isy turra, cut off hand

strength.
j\jy
tirydq,

chirping.
uLiftif

tarnamnt, sound; clank; tinkle sounding, clinking,


;

panacea;

theriac
'

tiry<iqa-t,
;

antidote ; wine; i^

tirydqiyy, inebriated

drunkard

tinkling.

opium-eater.
tiirnfiq,

oyy
tsiyy

farniiq,

^yy

titrni'iqi'!,

>-jy

mire.
turnil'k, contemptible lean, weakly. ^yy tarnnma-t, melodious voice
;

tiryab, tarih,
6

earth,

ground
the four

tariba-t, pi. tanl'ib,


; ;

upj)er ribs ribs chest, breast, bosom place above the collar;

bone
eyes.

neck

hands
;

feet

melody

rhythm.

(^^Jf)turna,ieraa].e slave; strumpet; 6 tarniya-t, enchanting, de-

gi>y tarij,

violent (wind)

strongly-

built
ij^y

and sinewy.
;

lighting, cheering,
i-tf)^

ii.

(y^).
riViiyya-f,

tarts,

tarnhna-t ejaculatory prayer.

^U-iy

balance
5!/
tai-f,

strong; well-poised twisted, plaited.

cheery for work, light;

(Hy) tarih. A, inf. tarah, indulge in


frivolities or vanities.

minded
<-Ajy tar if,

tai-ayyji',

v.

(jjj),

assembly.

Hy turrah, pi. tariWih, lie, anything i fnrraha-f, pi. uiA frivolous;

commodious, easy-going;

effeminate.
ud^y tarll;

same tardrih, the foonery empty talk cloud wind calamity path broad lowland animal in the sand.
-at,
; ; ; ; ;

buftrifle
;

empty

stalks of a grape;
pi.
tard'il;''tar!l-,
;

tarika-t,
;

side-

small

helmet abandoned left property without an heir stagnating water after a flood.
;


jy

173
ii\~:>

resigned to the will of dirtied sinful. esiy taryih, setting at rest, tranquillising, quieting (m.).
tai-hn,
;

^/

God

tasdfud, intercourse.
id sdfull,
;

copulation,

sexual
("!*-.)

&iV~J

levity
JU-i'

INF. VI. foolishness.

of

^/

tar'iija-i, beautiful look; hypocrisy II. taryi'a-t, {^^) INF. II. of (Vj). >i\y tazdyud, increase, vi. (-ijj).
;

iasdl, J^iwj- taa'dl, question, request. ^L-i' fasdmu', hearing, listening.


(_5/Uj'

'ijiy

tazhira-t,
;

own
II.

hand-writing,

tasdm'i, emulation, vi. (^*-).

.xjUj

autograph
tazMr, iNP.

tazbira-t

and
;

;-rfy

of
;

(;^3).

f-y tazahhir, colic

travail

labour

of child-birth. J=>y tazahhul, Jf/ tazahivul, being set in motion, sliding, slipping.
<-j/5.y

inf. vi. of (>" help. j_5^\~j' tasdwi, INF. VI. of {^Jy-) equality, similarity ; indiifer ence neutrality levelness level (s.).

tasdniid,

mutual

tazahruf,
taz'im,

false
ii.

ornaments,
of
(/^^j)

'-^S^tasdyuf, fight with the sword,


fencing.
s-'^-^J''

trumpery.

^y
i^y

tasaVbiib,

inf.

inf. vi. of

(s->->)

claim.

retail trade.

s-s*y tazqih, twitter of birds.


tazaJcJc?,

^-J
alms-

tasbig, tasbug, i tasbiga-t, pi. tasdbig-^ 4?^' tasdbug.


,

sanctification

giving, v. (/j); 6 tazUya-t, sanctifying, consecrating justi;

'-r-~^ri~>

tasbih,

INF.
;

II.

of
;

(<-r )

motive, reason
f^-~j''

reproach
II.

curse.
(f^i )
;

fication character also receiving alms,


;

giving and
ii. (j^j). ii.

tasbih, INF. praise of G-od


;

of
;

fti^y tazlctm, cold,

rheum,
ii.

(^).
(Jj3j)
;

J)Jy

tazalzul,

inf.

of

earthquake. (3*!y tazliq, shaving, anointing,

ii.

s tasbiha-t, pi. tasdbih, purity song, hymn, tasbig, adding a quiescent j**--' letter to a sabab hafif at the end of a foot.

hymn

rosary

u>^y tazanimut, gravity, steadiness;


authority. tazmir, jt^y

(3*<

>

tasbig,

inf.

ii.

of

(i^i)

stake at a race.
jy-~i' tustilq,

inf.

ii.

of

(y*j)

bad money, dipped in


silver.

psalm, ^j^jy tazanduq, Parseeism.

a solution of
^Uasj'
ii.
;

tasjiya-t,

shrouding

of

yiy tazantur, }ay tazantur, inf.


of (fi^ caprice,
g^jiy

corpse,

II. (^*!~').

/ij)
,

anger,

rage

5a!i tasji', rhythmical and prose.


;te~

rhymed
;

tazwdj, copulation.

pairing,

coupling,

tasahhur, inf. v. (;*) departure.

early

^_5?y

^S^^y tazidiyy, red-striped garment. tazayyi, costume, dress, garb.


tazyih, inf.
ii.

yVi,vj

tashdn, pi. tasdhin, greaves


;

boots
^a-~j'

hood.
inf. v. service

jr)y

of (j^j)

pro-

cession.

^Lj
^L->

tasdbug,
tasdhih,

ornament
pi.

of

the

tashar, jest, irony; compelled of O*-*) socage.


;

neck-part of a helmet.
of
<W*<j'' tas-

biha-t.

^j^Li' tasdhin, pi. of (jV&~j tashdn. gjUj' tasdfuh, dissoluteness.

iasdiya-t, weaving, weavina the warp, ii. ((j-^). (_^jiwj' tasdh, INF. II. of ((j-A..) hexagon. jj^ tasarrur, concubinage, v. (j-.).
;

Bsx^

; ; ;

174,

Uj
payment
;

g;-j'

tasarru',

haste, inf.
v.

hurry,
of

v.

(tr-)tasarriiq, ii}~^

(oj-")

systematic
rapine. i; tasirra-t,
>'

robbery,

system
uj^,

of

cheering

glad-

dening. tasarn, inf. v. of (tSr") concubinage. y~J tiistis, people of low extrac-

^^

borrowing; in advance breakfast. salutasUm, INF. II. of pretation salvation, rescue delivery, surrender servation contransmission resignation sent well-being, safety, peace. tran&-L~j tasliya-t, consolation

(^)

'

quillisation.

tion.
(gi'),
.

hence:
IF.
;

f.

tis\

m.

A~-i'

tia'a-t,
i,
;

nine

tasa',

a,

come as take the ninth part the ninth to a company of eight;

inf.

fas',

be 4**~> to tasml'a-t, making heard. (;).J tasainmun, growing fat. tasammi, inf. v. of (^ )

denomination
II.

ii

tasmiya-t,
;

INF. itsn', complete become the number of nine take the ninth nine of them part of people's property.
id.

INF.
IV.

tatst',

III.

mutdsa'a-i,

giving a name of the same.

denomination
II. (c:.~-.)
;

r*

tasnitt,

INF.

or-

thodoxy,
faith.

professing
INF.
II.

the
of of

true
(^i**-)
;

tasinit,

>

tus',

pi.

atsil',

ninth
8th,
;

j)art

receipt, acquittance.
ji-*

iwsa',

the

7th,

night of a
ittasa', VIII.

month
(m.)

and

9th

>

tasm!',

INF.

II.

(j*-)

tasa', for

of (^j).
(^^s*

speech. ^~j tasahhur,

waking,
iNP.
II.

keeping
( Ja-)

awake.
Us' in,
J-9~-'
li)^J

y^->

tis'un,
;

tashil,

of

ninety
i_att-j'

ninetieth.
;

marking with hamza-t.


tasaiowuk, cleaning the teeth

tasaqquf, inf. v. of (t-oa-) consecration of a bishop.


tasqiya-t,
;

with a toothpick.
&^y~j tasnma-i, sandal. jo^ tasirid, INF. II. of (J^)
;

iflj'

watering
'I-liVi-n,

giving to drink, saying iii\ csJVs-. saqu-ka may God quench thy
INF.
II.

rough
;

thirst.

copy; dung. ^j-^ taswJg, INF.


-at,

II.

y^C-i'

of (i:)^) being without a vowel.


taskiii,
tasalliifi,

magnificent

present

of {ty~') pl. to a

sovereign.
iji,y~S tasin'q,

jJu-j'

skinning, casting off


II.

cattle-driving.
pl.
-at,
ii.

the skin.

Ja^
of

taswil,

adornment
fastci',

J-J

>

tasalsul, INF.
;

J-X.) (

deceit; fiction,
;

concatenation degrees of relationship advancement by de;

(HSy^) taswi'a-i, proach, II. (y).


j\yls
fasijiir,
;

o^
;

(J^).
re-

grees.
SaL-i'

walk

journey

mes-

sage
;

e'xpedition.
life.

tasalhit,

usurpation
pression.
l^-~>

inf. v. of arbitrariness

(^)
;

"T-i!

'

tasayyuh, neglect.

opin

taslam, thou art alive

and

jt^ tasayyitr, conduct of 5->j tasi', ninth part. jrs tasyih, weaving.
csJjUu
tasdru.lc,

good

whom
indeed

health (i.e., the person you inquire after is dead);


! !

iNP. vi. of

{'^y^)

certainly INF. V. of ((J^).

tasallum,
of
(<-*l-)
;

partnership.

^Uj

fasdmii/i,

inf. vi. of (g-u)

haughtiness.
y\-iJ tasdnu',

-^

!>"'''
.

taslif,

INF.

II.

mutal hatred.

;; ;;

;; ;

\AS

175

u-

j&Uo
gj^-fcS

tas'dhtr, pi. of

yti^ tasMr.
of Shi'ite
V.

fasilyu',

INF.

(5*a)
;

professing the partnership.


Ls--!-Aj'

faith

awwal) and November {^J^ uy tuhtn sdm). hj~> tasriya-t, drying (fruit, &c.)
in the air.
'-r-x^

fasabbut='.i--t^ tasabbuSji^F. V. of (*i.-.A.).


tasbir, INF. tasbih,
II.

tam"ub, INF.
;

ramification
d>^i*J^ tas'is,

of
II.

(;<-*')

pi.

V. of (s-^i) separation death. suppression of one of


; ;

tasdbir, gesticulation, gesture.

the movable letters of a watad


majniiV.
*ft*^' tasgiya-t,
&so-ij tasfiya-t,
Jii-ij'

INF.

of

(uilij-s.)

net-work
6~i^t.i

(m.) complication rheumatism in a horse's legs.


;
;

gonorrhoea.
;

advantage

growth.
;

of (<5-.^) pi. -at, comparison allegory metaphor similitude anthropotasbih,


II.
; ;
;

INF.

morphism.
,_5~i>

tasatii, V.

ii^

tastiya-t,

ii.

of

if^), passing

the

winter
;

hibernation. gjj!-^' tasajjw\ INF. V. of (c^) bravado. (j-ftj), IV. INF. itsith, pelt, shoot
& tusha-t, at (ace.) with (s-" bi); defending one's boldness in anger right covetousness
; ; ;

INF. II. of (jaa) pi. tasdqi', iusult, abuse. Ji-sj' tasahhul, inf. v. of (J^) beauty appearance representation in painting, &c. isX^XSlJ tasklk, INF. II. of (cdi.) offence, scandal doubt sustaxqi',
; ; ; ; ;
;

picion.

J<^'

taslcU,
;

difficulty
liila-t,

INF. II. of (J^) comjjlication tinS (m.) many-coloured nose;

perversitjcowardice. (ja*^^' tasMs, INF. II. of


; ;

(u=a!^)

gayy--*Ai' tasmts, INF. II. of ((j-^*^) worship of the sun. gj-i" tamnnvj, inf. v. of (^~^)
(;jj-ij'

diagnosis individualisation taxation census. jkjjiAj tasdid, INF. II. of (-i^) hardness, pressure violent the sign _ and its severity application. w>JlAj' tasazzub, breaking into splinters, shivering to pieces.
; ; ; ;

spasm. taianrmn, inf.

v.

of

(y^)

shrinking, wrinkled.
g.;.iAj

shrivelling,

getting
throat

tasnij,

cramp
ii.

in the

(g-^). Lfj^i^ tasiiU, roasting, broiling. j\iAj tashdq, sigh whine.


;

stiff

neck,

i_j^^' tasrah, drinking

draught.
;

jigAj

tasahhud, profession of
faith.

the

^ySu

ta.<arruf, II. (ui/.).


ta.srij,
;

honour, glory pride,


contraction,

Mohametan
i_jg-4o

tasaliM,

passionate
(^})-^

desire,

jjyij"

dering
j-ipj'

hem

embroisewn with large


(c/*)
; ;

II.

(^^)-

jyi3

tasawwud

tasainvu:),
id.

stitches.
tas'rih,

commentary
tomy.
i_njj.Aj

INF. II. of dissection


;

culmination of the sun. jijj.ij' taswid (-iij-ij' ia.hvt:'),


6.iyi^

ana-

tasr!f,

INF.
;

II.

of

(>-*;*<)

taswiya-t, roasting, broiling. j^^ tasayyu', inf. v. of (^=') profession of Shi'isni.


^j>\m tasdbi, childishness, v. (j*-").

His Grace

(title)

pi. -ut, tasdrif,

honours, distinctions, ceremonies, robe of honour.


j_jaj\ibj-ij'

t_ij\-=>

tasddvf, unexpected

occur;

tasrifdtji,

i_^^}^

tasr'i-

rence, sudden dent, chance.

emergency

acci-

fdtiyy,
(Aj-Ajf

master

of

ceremonies.

^jUj

Grand Chamberlain.
tahin, October (J^\ uw tasrtn

tafddi', pi. of J?.-^' tctfdi'. ^.loj tasdrif, iijUa titfdrifa-t, sove-

reign commands.


u
'-Jij\^ iasdrif, pi. of i-^.ya tasrif. i_jUj tasilff, array in battle order.

;;; ;

;; ; ; ;

176

W-"

taslib,
;

INF.

II.
;

of

(sr<l-=)

hanging
cross.

impaling

sign of the

^ji'^

tasdfl,

acting

sincerely

to-

wards each other, vi. (y^). -~jSUu tasillth, images of the cross.
-At'^' tasihi/f, pi. of -".'.'M tafniif.
J^US'

i*U- tadiya-t, roasting singeing. ^-*xw tasmim, inf. ii. of (^)


;

taadwul,

fierce

attack,

vi.

i-n-j-'.-aV

(jj-).;
_jjjUij

tasdwh;
tasbih,

pi. of

p-

INF.
II.

_;i^ taswir. II. of (j-!-)


;

firm resolution. tasiiif, INF. II. of (i-a-5^) literary pi. tasduif, invention; composition, work, record. /^^^ iasnim, inf. ii. of (^-^)
;

;^

breakfast. of (/^^) ballast. f*a-a tash^h, inf. ii. of (^) correction verification liquidation legalisation. j_5AM tasadi, setting to work, &c.,
tashir, INF.
; ; ;
;

morning draught

idolatry.

^ya iasaivwur, inf. representation by picture portrait idea, imagination iriiriyy, imaginary.
; ;

v.

of

(j>*)

v.

image, &c. conception, (^ tasawof


;

V.
^>i-a

(^^).
tasdir, inf.
ii.

_*^ai'

tamwwuf, inf.
;

(i-^)

of (>*-=)

is-

suing, publishing. tafd!', INF. II. of (gJ->) pi. tcifddi', head-ache; confusion. ^.^a tasdiq, INF. II. of (j-^) receiving alms; ^^ tasdiqiijy,

obscure mystical speech mysticontemplation cism Sufiism


;

^A^'

gibberish.

s-o^'
o-o^-=>'

tasiv'ih,

fas

11:

it,

approval. exclamation, resound-

ing, echo.
)if''

confirming.
wJj-aS

tafwh; inf.

tasarrvf, inf. v. of (.Jj) control influence skill art


;
; ;

tafdivir,

ii. of Q^) pi. representation, <fec.=


;

domestic expenditure coition pi. -at, possessions behaviour relations; expenses; i^ tasarrufiyy, household expenditure. i_fljj^' tafi-if, INF. II. of (^70) pi.
;
; ;

.tx tasaijyut,

j^' tasawwur. renown, celebrity.


;

tasarif,

inflection,
;

declension,

conjugation
J'x^

etymology.

tadddd, inf. VI. of (J-i) hoscontradiction contrast opposition absurdity. ^j^' taddrub, inf. vi. of (>_->/^) excitement, agitation. tadd'if, pi. of <_a4*-i) tad'if.
tility
; ;
;

oUi'

^^'

jU-ai' tas'dq, fainting-fit.

<-*^-a>
;

ta$a"nd, inf. v. of (^^*>) evaporation, sublimation (n.). jjX/oV tfisa'rur, globular form. usiH*^ titfa'Iid-, poverty. Ji-sS fa>:'!d, INF. II. of (^*")

taddff,

throng, vi.

(<-o-6).

^U>
iyia

iaddmum, accumulation.
modulation.
want.

^as-i' tadahduh,

iadirra-t, iadurra-t, need,

f-=j

melting
tion
^-A-ai'

distillation,

sublimaof
(/k^)
;

tud\ tudit, INF. of (j^j), give birth, produce, &c.


tiid-if, pi. tadd'if, INF. II. of (i_ai); reduplication; chemical
;

(a.).
tdfij^r,

'- ft; l'-V>

INF.

II.

diminvitive.

purification ing straining the wine. ysH-^ tasqir, inf. ii. of (yi-=) ing with the falcon.
i.~!La

tasfiya-t,
;

clear-

adulteration lining clothes. Ji^' tadldl, misleading, seduction,


II.

(S^).
tiidaira,

hunt-

JUy--5>

tnduim,

false.
;

1^
(jlai'

taftilhih,
;

inf.

v.

of (s-^)
<il'

hardness

inflexibility.

inf. v. of (y-*-^) contents; security, bail tenure as a farmer (_s tadammioiiyy,


;

tadammun,

tafcilliiq,

labour

child-

elliptical

understood (thouo-ht

birth, colic, V. (iji-).

not expressed).

; ; ;

; ; ;

17?
'^**'='

s*'
ta'dsa-t, ruin, perdition.

tadmid, dressing of a wound bandage, ligature.


tadinin, inf.
ii.

^Uj
;

^t->AUj ta'd^ih,

herbs, shrubs.

(:>-

(y*^) inclosure; elliptical speech; pi. -at, damages, compensation farming out.
;

of

o*^'

ta'dfi,

recovery.
;

s-^^' ta'dqub, inf. vi. of (s-=) pursuit overtaking punish; ;

hyi'

tadwiya-t,

ment.
^^' ta'dqud, confederacy, alliance.

lighting up, illuII.

mination.
e**^' iadijl', INF. ruin.

of (5~i)

loss,

>-4ijUa tatdrif, pi. finger-tops.


J;^!=

come here imp. vi. of (,j^). J^i' ta'dla, let him be praised
<a.'((Z,

JUs

be praised
!

come along

tatdwul,
tatbiq,

INF.
INF.

VI.

of (J^t)

-AJ^'
f*sJU>'

ta'dUf, pi. of iiJUi- ta'Ufa-t.

robbery, plunder, oppression.


of (ijft) trying whether two things fit each other, as a seal and its impression, &c. ^^' tatriya-t, freshening up reII.
;

ta'dJUn, pi. of ^s'*' ta'lhii.

(J^ia

J^^' ta'dmul,
ness.

management
of

of busi-

iJi'V*' ta'dniq, pi.


i>^^V

Jj-**' ta'niiq.
i?.j>

ta'dwi:, pi. of

ta'wh.
;

iiiUv

freshing.

J*^
is&s
;6^'

tataffid, parasitism.
taffi'a-t,

ta'dhud, inf. vi. of (^3'') pi. -af, agreement alliance ; conspiracy.


;

extinguishing
v.

(a.).
;

(>T->J'')

ta'i'fe.

A, INF. ta'ab,
toil
;

be

tired,
la-

tatahhur, inf.

of (ji^)

sancti-

fatigued

fication.
(y=>) tat a,

bour

lose

one's

IV.

V, INF. tatw, wrong a person, injure, tyrannise.

trouble

give it'db, INF. tire, torment vex,


;

i_\^' tatwuf, titwdf,

garment worn during the procession round the

have overworked beasts fill break again a bone which had been healed.
-r^j''

Ka'aba.

ta'ab, tiredness, fatigue


;

f^' tatawwu', supererogatory work, good action of free will.


jy=
titwal,

ation
(jWi'

hard work,

toil

vexta'ab,

ta'ib, tired.

long rope, chain


V.

ta'bdn, tired.
;

of (J^'=;. >^^ tatwib, pi. -at, beatification beatitude.


Jjy=> tatwil, INF. II. of (Jjt) lixity.
JlSiJ
;

tatawwul, INF.

ex;j" ta'bir, inf. ii. of {jt^) planation, interpretation denomination expression word.
; ;

prov.

(jxxj) ta'ta', inf.

stick (in the

sand, &c.); get entangled, con-

tazallul,

seeking the shade,


ta'dla, let

shake (a.), fused (in speech) push disquiet, confound (m.)


; ;

ta',

for JUi'

him be

talk

idly,

praised

tata'tu',
'i

inf. get confused (in speech).

chatter

11.

^ ta", V, INF. ta",


languid
;

ta"a-t,

be weak,

^*S

ta'ta',
;

pi.

ta'dti',

stammered
idle

vomit.

words

ff\*j ta'dti', idle talk.

foolish confusion.

or

talk

't->*^^' ta'djib,

wonders, marvels.
INF.
VI.

jti*j ta'sir, inf. ii. of

(/c)

misery.

j_gjU>

ta'ddi,

of

{^^)

ijV^'
;

ti'jdba-t,

worker of miracles.
haste,
precipita-

rugged places. JjU> ta'druf, mutual acquaintance ;^ rule manner, method, Ti. (J/).
;

>_J;i?Ju

ta'ajruf,

tion.

^^>

ta'jiz, INF. II. of ( j^) portunity, molestation.

im-

23

!; ; ;

; ;

;;

178
j\jij

>"
(m.)

ta'ddd,

counting, reckoning,

hope

interestedness,
.

calculating.

ta'addud, equipment. ^A> ta'addi, inf. v. of (^^c) transta'diya-t, gression, excess <h. transitive INF. II. of i}'^) meaning of a verb entrance. diffijj*j ta'azzur, inf. v. of {y^) culty impossibility. (;>) to'ar, A, INF. ta'r, cry out,
J.^j'
;

avidity. ^Jiju ta'assi, taking an evening s


,

meal
yi-iM

supper,
INF.

v.

( y^)

'

fa'siya-t, invitation to
ta'sir,

supper.
;

of Ijr^) II. decimating. {^JBJu) ta'is, A, INF. ta'as, feel pain in the sinews of the foot from

division

by ten

walking.
w.-o ta'assuh, inf. v. of (^r~=^) fanaticism bigotry partiality conspiracy. (m.) plot
; ;
;

call.

ta'ar, battle-cry.

S/^
y=;'

ia'arruj,

declination, inf. v. of arbitrary

devia{i^}^) inter;

(jyuu ta'asrun, afternoon

luncheon
,.
. .

tion.

ta'arrud,
;

(m.).

meddling
ference,

i~ii' ta'diya-t,

v^;*
(j4i;i'

ta'rlh,

INF.

II.

of

separation, division. -nlau ta'attuf, INF. V. of {>-i^) tendersympathy affection


; ;

(s-y^)

speaking pure Arabic.


INF. blame, reproach,
ta'rid,
ta'rif,
II.

of

(u";*^)

ness, fondness. J= ta'atti, INF. V. of

(^}
;

de-

i-ijyu

piinf. ii. of (-*/=) -lit, ta'drif, instruction; descripasserdefinition tion tariff


; ; ; ;

for a present. loss, J-lao' ta'fil, INF. II. of (J^) damage (m.) interest (for a
;

mand

loan).

tion

guessing

<.jjj*:J\

^f
;

I>^ tn'azzum, false pomp.


*-!=

inf. inf. inf.


II.

v.

of of
of

(r^);

harfu-'l-ta'rif, definite article


(^ ta'7-ifiyy,

remarkable

worthy

ia'z'im,

ii.

(r^);

pomp, magnificence.
yAj'

of notice.

Sj^
^Jy*J

ta':uiva-t, patience.
ta'azzi,
;

ta'affun,

v.

{^)\
;

stench; putrefaction.
i^)*^)
;

inf. v. of ()j^,

condoling
lation
letter
;

ta'ziya-t,

conso-

yJaS ta'fir, INF. gleaning.


^ta*>

of (/e)

(m.)

mourning
of

for the
;

dead

mimic condolence representation of the death of Hasan and Husain.


ta'is, a, inf. ta's, perish; fall on one's face; ruin, cause to perish stumble and fall be dismissed, deposed

(y,j')

ta'as,

effacing, blotting ta'fiya-i, out, extinguishing, &c., inf. ii. of (yu=). >-raJ ta'aqqiih, inf. v. of (s->6^) considering the issue or con-

ta'as,

sequences

punishment.
;

iv. inf. H'ds, ruin, be far make misercause to perish


;
;

Ja> ta'aqqid, undei'standing sight, prudence device,


;

fore-

con-

trivance.
^^-ifi^

ta'qib,

INF.

II.

of

(s-^)
;

able.

delay.
fall,

^J'M

ta's,

ruin,

overthrow
;

misfortune, calamity fa'is, perishing unhappy, miserable 6 ta'sa-t, stumbling, falling.

Juiis

ta'qUI,
;

culty
(

Ji')

INP. II. of (>^c) obscurity. ta'al, heat in the throat

diffi-

fa'illa-t,

what draws

off

attention

wi~ai'

ta'assuf,
;

sion

tyranny, opprespervert the meaning of a


INF. V. of
((-^J^)
;

subterfuge, pretext.
L.S*j ti'hima-t, great scholar; genealogist.

word.
ta'asxinn,

0^'

ta'alhiq,

inf.

v.

of

(ijl*)

; ;

>"
dependence
; ;

179
;

attachment
;

rela-

tionship property estate dependants

nance S Jl" ta'allul,


;

(landed) appurteof
(
;

ta'wiz and i man. J>^" ta'wil, INF.

ta'wiza-t,

talis-

II.

ta'alluqa-t, id.

INF.
;

V.

Jc)
;

for help; reliance.


t.r~sj'

wailing;

of (J^e) cry resolution;


;

delay
text.

excuse

subterfuge

pre-

(ij*') ta'd, INF. ta'y,


ta'is,

jump, run. unhappy, miserable


;

^*1 ti'lima-t=&^'iM ti'ldma-t.

\3<^

ta'liq,

INF.

II.

of

(tjic)

Persian

handwriting
ta'Uqa.t, pi.

or

cha-

racter; S
ing tinder
J<li'
;

ta'dliq,

marginal note, gloss; (m.) burnta'lil,

perishing. ta'ayyun, inf. v. of (1^-9=) pi. -at, essential qualities fixed salary office recruiting, levy. '^***' ta'yib, inf. ii. of (s-*^)
t>fl*'
;
; ;

necklace. INF. II. of ( Jc)

caus-

blame, reproach shame, exposure.

putting

to
pi.

ality.

^^

ta'Um, pi. -at, ta'dlim, inf. II. of (^) instruction marking mark, sign catechism military drill copy-writing of
; ; ;
; ;

y^*i ta'yin, inf. ii. of (y-**) -nt, fixed daily salary, ration.
;

&

4*

i'ig

fill'

sound produced by

pupils.
**'

ta'ammud,

full consideration
(J^*c),
v.

laughing. {ji^ tagabun, mutual deceit, fraud (tiJl |jj yaumu-'t-tagdbun-i. Day of Judgment) irritability v.
; ;

firm resolution, v.
I***'

(cj^).^
ji'
;

ta'ammum, inf. (m.) great bulk.


ta'mid, INF.
ta'mir,
II.

of (^*c)

tagdrr,

Ji>*i'

of (Ji*^)

(m.)

foaming and running straight onward (camel).


(adj.);
ii,

violently

bleeding

baptism.
]<!**>

emendation,
lisation
;

inf. ii. of restoration

ijj^' tagdrtd, pi. of ^.f^ tagrid. ^jUi' tagdriz, pi. oi /jis tagriz.
jUi'

(;*^)
;

civi-

prosperity of the country. ta'mim, inf. ii. of (^) I*!.-**' generalisation.


"S**

^^'
VI.

tagazz, quarrel, vi. ()*=). tagddi, inattention; neglect,

(^).
inf. vi. of (y^)
;

j_j!U> tagdli,

dear-

ta'miya-t,
;

ness

blinding blinddarkness obscure mean; ;

ness, scarcity, dearth. 'T'i^ tagdyuh, absence. (s-^') tagih, a, inf. tagab, perish

IV. INF. itgdb, ruin.

ingu>JM> ta'annut,

-,-Ju

tagab,

ruin
vice
;

criticism

faultv.

finding
(c^.).
of;-^
<-At!-^'

making
pi.

famine
vice
(^j:Aj)
;

difficulties,

tagb,

want, dearth, infamy,


false
testi-

tagibba-t,

mony.
ta'ihiiq,

tu'nuq,
field.

level

tagtag,
in

ground,

speech
II.

deliver a inf. a confused and indis,

ta'nif,

INF.

of

('-^^
;

importunity, buke.
(J'***''

molestation

re-

i^JJu
^^jdo

tinct manner. tagaddi, meal, breakfast, v.


tagazzt,

inf. ii. of ((^) superscription impotence 6 ta'nina-t, bridling a horse impotence. /^' ta'aukur, turbidness disquietude. ii^' ia'wtz, INF. II. of (jy^)
ta'nin,
title,
;

taking food

meal,

V. (ykv)

(^^).
togffltr,
;

boil
let

INF.
fall

A, fa.^ir, A, inf. tagardn,


tiujilr,
;

pour down

make water (dog)


out
;

burst and
;

spirt

water or any fluid abundantly (rain)

180
/^

/"

VII. INF. intiydr, rain heavily i (cloud) tagirra-t, risk of life, staking one's life. inf. t)\;* tagardn, boiling (adj.) of (/.-). signature tugra, imperial (4; s (Pers.) tagriya-t, inf. ii. of ())^) adhesion. tagrim, inf. ii. of (cj^) I*>]*S enforced payment fine, mulct. (j~> tags, small cloud.
;

medlar; Aj
sauce
gjjUJ
stices.
;

tuffdhiyya-t, apple

fruiterer.
pi.

tafdr'ij,

openings, inter-

',

^^jjVfii- tafdriq, pi. of <3i/' te/rij^-.U' tafdslr, pi. of ;--*' te/sir. J^UiJ- tafdsil, pi. of J-" to/s??. JiW tafddid, INF. VI. of (J-*) superiority; surplus; remainder; tafdduliyy, see ^5-^ <owa;

*A* tagsiya-t, inf.

ii.

of (j-^^)

miyy. JUj ia/riZ, spittle

foam

tafa'ul,

whipping. ^fiiS tagdild, sweet kind of dates.

good omen, v. (JU). yW <i^((?i, proper time, nick of


uy;U>'

^9^
s-A*i'

tagtiya-t, covering, veiling, v.

tagallub,
;

victory
sion.
(j-l*!

inf. v. of (s-J^) oppressuperiority


;

time. tafdwut, INF. VI. of i^f); also tafdivlt, tafdivat, interval of difference, disspace or time abblame want crepancy
; ;

tagallus,

misfortune
ii.

evil

sence.

calamity.

JjUj tafd'ul, omen, vi. (J^).


i_ilUj tafd'if, pi. dirt, offal,
trifles.

Jl taglil, inf. gagging.

of

Jc)
;

(m.)

parings,

INF. itgdm, suffer from indigestion. yoU*J tagmdd, falling asleep. ;j^i* tagtntd, inf. ii. of ((j***^)

(^),

IV.

k_*Usu taftdf, pi. -ihi, tafdttf,

tell-tale
fji>

blabber, go-between. taftav=^'^ daftar, book, &c.


;

(_3~i.^'

taftisiyy,

investigator,

ex-

indulgence.
;yu
<Mg(;ir,

aminer.
(lisfij)

INF. of (j*?).

djyu tagwitja-f, seduction, deceit.

nails, hair,

of
>^-~A

trim the beard (for the sake the pilgrimage to Mecca)


fafis.

A, INF. tafas,

{^)

taga, a, inf. to^y, burst out


;

perish laughing loud laughter.

clean one's

self.

tig-an,

tagayyur, inf. v. of (j^A) change, transformation, altera;

and parings of the Mecca squalor tafis, having one's hair and beard
tafas, dirt

pilgrims to

tion.
(i_ai')

neglected. (/S) tafr, o^yii'


_

tuff,

pi.

tifafa-t,

dirt
;

parings
the teeth
(i-ij)
taff,
; ;

of

the

nails

or
pi.

atfaf, tufuf,
rr,

what

tafar,
i

bud;
tifra-t,

tafrdn,

dirty

tn-

iv. inf. itfdr, id.

tufra-t, tafira-t,

sticks
!

between

fara-t,

dimple between the nose


lip.

tuff-in, fie
taff,

and upper

&c.) say fie


Ui'

inf.

spit (blood,

i^\jio tifrdja-t,

coward.

II.

taffaf,

inf. tatfiya-t,

^3^^ taffdq, separation.

W;^

tifrijd',

coward.
pi.

tuff-an, fie

^yu
of
cJb^ai' ta/i!((/.
; ;

tifrija-t,

tafdrij,
;

interval,

,_dsi'Uu iafitf'tf, pi.


ii
,

interstice,
fine
'Jj^'

j;W tuffdh, apple apple-tree j_yi/j\ ea tuffdh armaniyy, apricot tj-j^ J tuff'd/t fdrisiyy, i^ tuffdh mdliiyy, pear ,_5*>^
; ;

chink pleasant sight, view coward.


;

tafarrud, inf. v. of (J^i) obduracy restiveness, refractoriness, insubordination ; rebel;


;

orange

^j>.

ui>

tuffdh

harriyy,

lion.

; ; ; ; ;

; ;

/"

181
;

U;

iijiH

tafriqa-t, separation diffusion distribution distinction dispersion discord. ((i);*) tufrHq, pedicle of the date. l=8;i tafrit, iNP. II. of (tji) excess too little (m.) exaggeration
;
;

J^

taJiJ,

tafal, i,
tiifl,

bad smell, stench having a foul breath;


;

foam
;

fox 6 yUUi' tuflddn, spittoon.


C*^' taph, INF. culture.
II.

thin
tuffal,

spittle
;

saliva

fox whelp of a tafala-t, foul breath.


of (jJJ)
agri-

dissipation.
(35;4

pi. of (j;i) tafdriq, division, distribution department; distinction; schism; subtraction suspicion jealousy. hj^ tafriya-t, cutting into pieces, II. ((4;*) lining with f ui', see

tafrtq, inf.

ii.

'^^

tafliya-t,

hunting for

lice

or

fleas.

(^

tafan, dirt.

>'^^^Jo

tufanh,

'i

ttifanka-t,
pi.

gun,

musket
ijsf^-^

(Pers.).

tu/anhji,

tufanlfiyya-t,

musketeer.
g~-4

ta/assuh,
;

inf.

v.

of

(c*)
;

spaciousness commodiousness recreation in the open air dispensation. ;-~6i' tafsira-t, diagnosis from the urine symptom prescription.
; ;

t>4-^'

tafnhi, INF. II. of (i^) invention inequality in the thread of cloth ; mixture.
; ;

(<")

tafih,

A, INF. tafdh,

tufi'ih,

be

in

;"

tafsir,

INF.

II.

of
;

(.r**^)

pi-

tafdsir,

commentary paraphrase
spreading
;

gloss.
(j-*>''

tafasii, i tafsiya-t,

of a contageous disease. inV' tafstd, INF. II. of (xai) cision; groove. pi. J**a tafsil, INF. II. of (|_H) tafdsil, division into chapters analysis detail, narrating in explicitness detail inventory
;
; ; ; ;

or quantity inf. tufilh, grow stupid, become a fool tafih, inf. tafh, tufVih, tafah, emaciate (n.), grow thin, decrease INF. tafh, be insipid,
;

small number and worthless

tasteless.

tafih, i tasteless, insipid tufah, lynx. \>^ tafawivut, INF. V. of (y^)


;

'^

exceeding; going beyond.


tufuf, pi. of <-aJ' titff, impure matter between the teeth. v3^ tafawwuq, inf. v. of (jy) superiority pre-eminence.
t-^'
;

sketch, plan of a building cut of a dress; pi. -dt, details; tafsila-t, pi. tafdfil, piece of cloth cut off for a dress. J^-ii' INF. II. of ( J^) tafdil, comparative uM f^\ ism tafdil, and superlative.
;

Jjij tafa"ul,

tafawiuul, prediction,

(^fo

tafawwun,
tafiDiJ,

abundance,

pro-

fusion.

*!j-ii

tafdiya-t,

emptying,

ii.

(^j^).

-Ai^

printing
v.

on
of

stuffs
(>VJ)

Ai.WiV taftina-t,

memorandum-book.
v.

i^
JkA

tifafa-t, pi. of >-^ tuff.

striping white. ^ tafayyud, inf.

(^) tafaqqud, inf. inquiries after an absent person.


of

advantage,

profit.
;

gfliS
&ai>'

tafaqqu', bursting
tafqi'a-t,

(n.).
;

&" tafyi'a-t, proper time immecasting a shadow, diately after


;

inf.
u,
I,

ii.

of (Ui)

(m.)
spit

shadow
Jfta>'

peeling.
(jis)
;

ii. (ty). tafil, prediction, ii. (JU.


;

tafal,

out tafil, A, INF. tafal, smell iv. inp. itfdl, cause to badly smell Isadly.
;

INF.

tajl,

\B

tiqd',

fear;

taqd-t,

piety;
fight,

fear of God. JjV taqdtul, inf. vi. of

(J")

combat

murder.


\ss

182
of

^jU> taqddim, ma-t.

pi.

i^sB

taqdi-

evaluation

virtual

(implicit)

meaning
imjjlicit
;

^jUJ
jVii)

^J taqdiriyy, virtual,

taqndir, pi. of ;>Jka' taqdir. taqdrr, standing firm, vi. (y).

decreed by fate
spice
;

sup-

posed. (/)
taqir,
;

}>.j^ taqdrir, pi.

taqdrus, dint of battle. of ^jyii' taqrir. CJj^" taqdzik, spices herbs seasoning.
Jiji^S>
;

soning
for

cumin

taqirra-t-=^fi taqrdr.
greens
;

herb for sea

taqira-t,

ij^'

taqdfs,

mutual

requital

or

)^f> taqrdr, firmness. (jjai') tiqrid, greens ;

assistance, vi. {ij^). j*"^ taqdsir, pi. of ;W' taqsiir


j'S'

}^
and

taqarru',
;

cumin. study of the Holy


intelligence
;

Scriptures
-r^l]'>

v.

taqsir. taqrib,
;

^^a>

taqddd, ^ji^S iaqddi, money claim, dunning, pressing for


;

inf.

ii.

of

present
bability

approximation
pretext
;

payment

want,

need

vi.

^^

taqdtiA',

intersection

vi.

^^
icW

taqdt!', pi. of

5-^^
vi.

taqti'.
;

taqd'ud,

inf.

retirement from with a pension.

of (!**) active service

approximately; (j taqribiyy, preapproximate sumable, probable.^ pi. j>.^ taqrir, inf. ii. of (/) togitriV, official report diploma;
bi-'t-taqrib,
;
; ;

taqrib-an,
;

(vj*) ; pro-

notice,

memorandum
;

pleasure
cative
ij^f'
; ;

narrative

(^

taqririyy, justifi-

'T^^ taqdllb, pi. of s-yJ^ taqlib. ^^ taqdlid, pi. of ^-J taqlid.


/^ taqdmur, INF. game of chance
;

vouching.
inf.
II.

taqrid,

of

VI.

of

C^**)

bet.

approbatory criticism. hj^ taqriz, eulogy on

A*^ taqdna-t, completion.


Jj^ taqdwtid, guidance.
*^^'

taqdmuh,
;

watchword
ij)^B>

inf. vi. parole. INF.


VI.

of

(y)

i)^ taqdwa-t, piety.


taqdwi,
of

living person, 11. (tji) taqshn, inf. ii. of division land census land-taxroll conjuration taqslmiyy, land-tax.
; ;
;

(^^y)

s-^<-*>5'

advance for seed to a farmer.


I*i}^ taqdivtm, pi. of f^.j^ taqwhn. taqdyt, vomiting, vi. (W*). JUsj taqtdl, killing murder.
,_s?.^
;

taqsib, inf. ii. of (sSij) scratch on the skin.


taqxit,

W-*^
jUii>

robbing (m.).

tiqsdr,

tiqsdra-t, pi.

taqdsir,

j^

II. of {'^>^) slander. taqtir, inf. ii. of (jxi) niggardliness. rice jAiiJ taqaddmn, inf. vi. of

ii^~a> faj^ii, INF.

tale-

bearing
;

ava-

((i*)
; ;

a short collar, *-!-" taqsiba-t, i-t^^ taqsiha-t, pi. df, plaited lock of hair. j*-^ taqsir, inf. ii. of (j^); pi, taqdsir, abbreviation defect fault negligence, neglect
;
;

priority -at, pre-eminence premise; * taqdima-f, pi. taqddedication predim, present mise, proposition of a syllogism
pi.

stigma pi. -dt, faults. *-^ taqsiya-t, paring the nails cropping the ears.
;

h-^
;i^

taqdiya-t, inf.
;

ii.

of

(jj-U)

lieutenancy.
Sjm'

decree of Grod
tlqda-t,

sufficiency.
;

taqda-t,

coriander

cumin.
yjju
taqdir,
-dt,

inf. II. of (_)JJ>) pi, taqddir, predestination, fate


;

hypothesis,

case

measuring

inf. ii. of (>) diagonorrhoea. C^' '("/f'S inf. II. of (c^) pi. taqdt i\ draft; stature; feature; colic ; cesura of a verse.

taqtir,
;

betes


Wtf

183
of
flour

;^"

-AJ=

taqtif,

sifting

* taqyi'a-t, causing to vomit,


(Wi).
(ci) tahh, I,

ii.

gathering grapes. (C") taqa', hunger hunger.


;

taqi',

violent

INP.
;

tiihiih,

absent-minded
(m.). of (^i)
takka-t,
; ;

be stupid,
inp.
taltk,

u,

^J^

taqaffi,

rhyming
it.

s-^B' taqlib, inf.

pi.

taqdlib, rotations, revolutions. A^jUs taqlid, INF. II. of (jJi) pi. taqdlid, taqiUlddt, imitation
;

spectacle, theatrical representation investiture, diploma of such at-taqliddt, oral traditions


; ;

(m.)
ness.
(*

^
'i

taqlidiyy, imitated.
;

Jl^' taqlil, INF. II. of (Ji)

scarce-

((^25) tiqn,

taqamqtim, murmuring. tiqna-t, nature, natural disposition; tiqn, skilful; mire;

cut tread under the feet, crush by stamping inebriate X. INF. istitkdk, tie up the trowserswith the tikka-t; _S tikka-t, pi. tikak, string for tying up the trowsers, belt. (^'), IV. INF. itkd', cause to lean upon throw down ; pierce with the sword; viii. inf. ittikd', lean upon or against 'ala) tuka'a-t, support, back of a chair, &c. cushion ; stick one;

(^
of of

sided.

hence
irrigate

2^"
^\ij

takdtu',

inf. INP.

VI.

(e^)

li.

taqqan, inf. tatqin,


mii-j

with

and
fully

IV. INF. itqdn,


;

water arrange
;
;

consequence.
takdsur,
;

ii.

VI.

(^)

skil-

frequency
quently.

bi-'t-taJcdsur,

fre-

build solidly make fast, improve. yji taqannu', v. ASaSj taqiii'a-t, ii. of (Ci) crimson colouring red dying the beard. \^' taqwd, piety, fear of God tuqawd', pi. of ^J" taqiyy. taqivdd, leading, driving. '^'\f!>
fortify
; ; ; ; ;

i^j^

takdri, hiring, renting, farming.

ybj

u5)^'

takdfu', equality, vi. (US'). takdk, pi. of ci!^ tdkk, stupid, foolish, &c. i^\&> takdkim-t, pi. of ^5^^' takkari.

ii\jS>

tiqwdla-t, talkative.

)^ takkdk, maker of the string


4^' tikka-t.

cyff

taqawwuh, suppuration.
taqwa, piety
;

iiyu tiqwila-t, talkative.


j^^o
;

S abstemiousness faqwiya-f, strengthening encouraging. taqa, for t^\ ittaqa, viil. of ^JS'
;

fear of Grod

.-aJ^- takdUf, pi. of cjiJii- takl!/. VjV^> takdyu, pi. of i^Ss takya-t.
takbirdniyya-t, summit of greatness, or glory. takbir, inf. ri. of {yti) firfii praise pronouncing the words pi\ 6^\ alldh akhar magnifying
^<j\jt^
; ;

(<j*^)i

^^^pi.

<^

taqiyya-t,

fear,

tuq-an, tiqd', fear God


; ;

taqiyy,

tuqawd',
fear

pious.
ya-t,

God-fearing
;
;

atqiyd',
5

word.
(cdi^-) taktak, inp. 6=(uiX5).

taqiy-

piety dence.
taqytf,
;

caution, pru-

1*^ tuktam, the


;J>^

well

Zemzem.
v.

inf. ii. of (>-^) criticism (m.) libel. jt/" taqayyu', ,_^ taqayyi, vomit<-4*sa
;

takaddur, inf. dregs, sediment.


reproach.

of

(j-*^)

^jkio takdir, inf. ii. of (j-*^);

blame,

ing.
jTss"

wj\.i^' tiki::dh, liar.

taqyih,

making purulent
;

ii.

taqyid, inf.
^liic

A*<>ii> ii. of (^) taqyid 'aqliyy, mental reser-

tautology ^jj toA;r((r,repetition dispute, quarrel objection purification ; refining.


; ;

l^Si takrima-t, cushion of honour.


^^yS5 takkariyy, tukJcariyy, pi. takd-

vation.


/>
general taharri, sleeping, sleep, v. (^/). )i^ tah-tr, INP. II. of {^) revision reply.
kira-t, leader,
;
;

; ;

184
posts, taxes

^
; ;

inf. ii. of (i^/) pi. fakrisiit, dedication. *-^^' takris'a-t, surfeited stomach sausage. pi. />/j takrhn, inf. ii. of (|/)
tahris,
;

(j^j^

-I'd,

honour, cushion of honour.


tahsir,

ji-^

inf.

ii.

of
;

{y~^)

numbers) approximate measuring >^\ j*^ jam'u-'t-taksir-i, broken plural. (lt-^) tikx, old hawk.
fraction (of
;

proposal, motion ceremonies, compliments, ^.fjio takamhiis, motley crowd. ^_^.iSj' H- of (^) takaiini, v. giving a nickname using metaphoric language. 1^.^ takirii), INF. II. of (t)^) book of causing to be, &c. Genesis. i>j^' takiriija-t, cauterisation; (m.) ironing of linen, ii. (o^)(_5io fakkiyy, maker of the string

h^

iSJ

tikka-t

'
;

takya-t,

pi.

takihjil,

asylum
V, INF.

convent

(Pers.).
(J>')
tall,

._ ft ,j.i-.^'

tak^tf, inf. of (>-SliS)


;

un-

tall,

throw one

covering, &c. apocalypse. -x^ taka"ub, cubic form, cube.

4^' tak'iba-t, trellis- work (m.). j}B^ takfitr, Greek Emperor.


pfi^ takfir, inf. ii. of covering, &c. atonement.
;

neck, cheek or forehead throw into difficulties; throw or push a thing into one's hand u, i, humble one's self,
his
;

down on

fawn
;

fall

down

pour
;

out

(^)
;

uiiSi'

of takak, iakaka-i, foolish, &c.


tikak,
pi.

ii^
jjl.

tikka-t

of >^^

ti'ikk,

let perspiration down (m.) take by the hand iii. lead a beast of burden INF. miitnlla-t, seek a stallion to cover one's mare iv. inf.
; ;

drop

with

(J^) tokil, A, taknl, inf. hikhhi, from JSi'\ ittakal, viii. (Jfj), rely upon (^J^^ 'ala) x. inf.
;

render fluid lead a horse.


ithU,
Ji'

tie

up and
hill
;

fall,

pi.

tiliil,
;

tuh'd,
atlal,

small

istifkdl,

or is obliged to rely on others (m.) trustworthy skilful, experienced, proved. fA^ takhhn, iakhhnm and i eloquent, talkative tikillam, conversation. y!^Si' iakahhi, who relies upon others ttikhhi, trust in God.
iakala-t,

able

consider
4

skilful,

reli-

fiikla-t,

trust in
relies

God;
;

who
;

pillow a i talla-t, drinkinggarment; vessel of palm-leaves tilla-t, laziness reclining posture state, condition humidity.

sand-hill

pi.

'^ tahi,

see

(^)
;

tali',

compact

protection share, lot tallo, (public) reader of the Koran.

"W^'
j!^'

tula'biba-t,
tahlt,

well-managed
for

business.

(m.)

^%

mlh,
dirty,
;

>-flK>

iakalliif,

taking ture ceremonies, compliments;


;

inf. v. trouble, Ac.

of (<-4l^) exjiendi;

three.
>-^"5\'

tahUiif.
;

^f%
;

taldti'if,

affectation;

faklifd-t,

toil-

squalid sordid mult, quarrel.


JiS^-

detested
JJj-

tu-

some work.

tahltn,
talil;

1^

takalhnn, talking, &e.


iaklif,

inf. v. of (^) speech, language


II.

J^'
fat.

pi.

of

taltal

tiilutil,

strous:

and and

word.
i_aJ>Sj

INF.

of
;

(>-alS

imposing
I'tf,

ti'ouble, &c. trouble, vexation

pi.

iaM-

(m.) im-

taldthi, (m.) for sahUiii, thirty Eussian leather (Turk.). ^3^% taldhuq, following successively, succession.
;

^^%>

^^U

185
harshness
calamity

; ; ;

.jSU

Ji>'

tildd,
;

loom
ij^!^

hereditary property, heirtilndiyy,

drinking-

hereditary,

inherited, domestic. taldsi; iNr. VI. of getting destroyed, &c. perplexity, bewilderment.
;

{y^)

utter

vessel of palm-leaves. tulaj, eaglet. (e''')i i'^- atlaj, INF. itldj, cause to enter, put into, insert.

^
i

42^'
y-aJj'

falji'a-t,
II.

compulsion
inf.
ii.

t^
-Jlto

vio-

tild',

pi.

of

il>-

ial'a-t;

lence,

(^j*J).

tald'a-t,
talldf,

length of the neck. who spoils everything


;

talhin,

of

(;^a!)

bungler (j from a loss


;

taldfl, recovering

pronouncing badly, modulating, &c. psalmody.


;

amendment,

vi.

ij=fS&li'

<-a*il^'
lilb'

taldfif,

densely-grown grass,
,^!to'

taldq-in,

taldqi, inf.
;

vi.

of

(i^),

meeting

^=.J\

^^

talhh, INF. II. of ((jasiJ), cleaning, extracting the purest part, &c. quintessence abstract, report of a minister publication explanation.
; ;

yaumu-'t-taliqi,

Day

of Judg-

(>ilj')

ment.
^li taldla-t,
yiij'

error,

taldlu',

glimmering, flashing,
of
(j~sli' /i7??s.

II.

(B).
tahhnlz, J^-Jj' of

u~31te taldlis, pi.


SJ.Si'

i~^% taldmiza-t, pupils, disciples, pi.

I, INF. tulud, be inherited, hereditary v, inf. itiMd, also talid, a, inf. talad, remain, to stay in a place (new comer) ii. inf. tatlid, grasp with avidity and prevent others

talad,

u,

tilmiz.

taldmth, pi. of p*lj' talmih. ge^I^' taldmi', pi. of J**!* talmi\ y!i> taldn, now, at present. taldlii, sporting, toying, ^_s*!^
j^lfe'

getting IV. INF. itldd, possess or succeed to hereditary property accumulate property to the inherited one.
; ;

!>

amusement.
reading, rehearsal, praying lecture recital, inp. of (^) tiddwa-t, balance (of an account) rest. i^^ taldun, consent, agreement.
Sj!to

tildwa-t,
;

talad, born in a foreign country but brought as a child to Muslims talad, tald, tuld, born in the house hereditary pro;

perty
g^.ilj

tuld, eaglet.

ialddg,
tulsiyy,
talattut,

stinging,

sting,

ii.

tj-l
SaUi'

sweet

basil.
v.

(4-1j)

taldb,

damage,

loss

denying a debt,

inf. iili'bdb, be well managed (business) be (placed) upright be straight and level (road) lift up the
itla'abb,
; ; ;

hence

(U).

jU;

tilti',

toothless (camel).

(^)

neck and head.


inf. ii. of (u~3) ; decking, dressing, &c. mixture; lie, deceit; impostor, knave investiture incognito. i^t^ talbina-t, soup of bran, milk
talbis,
;
;

u-^

A, iNP. tal', rise stretch forth the head tali', A, INF. tala', be full faW, talu', INF. tala', be long,
tala'.
;

spread

and honey.
(Jjil;)

neck; iv. inf. stretch forth the head vr. stretch the neck ; inf. stretch the neck and tatdlu', raise the head in walking.
itld',
^li-

have a long

taltal,

(a.

and

n.)

violent

move, shake walk fast and with movements urge on


inf.
,
;
;

tal', hill
;

with violence. Jjilf taltal, hard trot

pi.

taldtil.

tali', who looks much neck s tal'a-t about or round full pi. tild', tala'dt, mountain-slope torrent riverwith currents
; ;

tala',

length of the

24

; ;

; ;; ; ;

^
head;
glebe.
v_jUlj-

186
sail-i(
;

^_s'*^

J*-*

tal'ati,
hill,

my own
tal\'(b,
i

relations

(m.)

youth, servant ploughman goldsmith; windpipe; bellows. cUls talmdh, flashing, shining, n.
;
;

play

taViib,

til'db,

tiW'ab,

tili"dha-t,

given

to

playing and
chewing.

too much sporting.

tUii-

(j^}*^ talau'us,
I

-lJ til'ib, 6

= s-'^'
A, INF.

tal'db, '

illlmmd:, fickle; f. ; talkaa boisterous woman, (j^) talmaz, inf. &, be a pupil (m.) teach have for to (J Ii) II. INF. tatahmiz, be a pupil;
tive
;

(cjli)

talif,

talaf, perish

a pupil, disciple,

IV. INF. itldf, ruin,

make

dis-

g^-

render destructive recognise anything to be so

appear;

or

VII. INF. intildf, perish.


<-ali'

INF. II. of (c^), talm'ih, allusion speaking obscurely pi. taUmih, features which remind of the father.
;

loss talaf, ruin, perdition dissipation talaf-an, unavenged (blood) taUf, jierishing.
;

Js^

jVnl;

tilfdq, two pieces of cloth or dresses sewn together.

yUU
!iiAlJ

talfdn, on the point worn out by use.


talaffuz,

of dying
v.

tilmh, pi. taVnn'iz, taldmiza-t, icddm-in, talhni, pupil, disciple; student; (m.) confessor (who goes to confession). of g**li' (5*^), talmi', INF. II. taldmi', pi. &c. glittering, arms, flashing of glitter of
;

pronunciation,

swords
ijdi'

blight stripes.
iulunna-t,

ialunna-t,
talih,

delay

ci-o!j

talfit,

turning

one's

head

necessaries.
(iJjj)

towards another, ii. (o.-aJ). lijilj talfiz, pronouncing, ii. (^).


i3ils

be sad, perplexed
iJi'

talah,

INF. talah, perish forget. conruin, perdition;


A.
;

talfiq,

INF.

II.

of
;

(t35),

sewing together, &c.


tion, falsification
;

fabricatalfiqa-t,

A-glJ talhiya-t,

fusion, perplexity. diversion,

unbending
;

ragout

calumny
;

(m.) medley,

the mind,

amusement
i,

toy.

collection

miscellany

(tales,

{^)

tald, u, tala,

inf. tiiluu-w,

sayings, &c.).

^'

tilqd',

vis-a-vis

meeting, encounter; side; toon the part of


; ;

wards.
gVal; tiliqqd', i tiliqqd'a-t,

talker.

walk behind another abanduu, leave in the lurch inf. iilUva-t, read; despise; meditate inf. talir, recite buy (the foal of) a mule til-an, remain, tall, A, inf.
follow,

Jsis tilqihn,

tilqdma-t,

who

swal-

rest

lows large morsels.


;;)-iilj'

INF. II. of ((J-SS), &c. addressing instructing, (m.) insinuation, the dead innuendo, tale-bearing, goading up against dictation. ciUs tillca, f. of udSU zdliJi, that one. tulul, pi. of Jli talal, humiditv
falqhl,
;

11. inf. tatliya-t, follow press for payment, dun follow up the prayers prescribed by others redeem one's vow lie in agony III. INF. mutdllt, follow; accompany (in music) iv. inf. itld', cause one to follow anpress by the bailifE for other payment overtake entrust
; ;

with

J-U tain.
^15 talain, pi. uih'tm,

{^_^ 'ala), commission leave the remainder of a debt


;

hence
;

[[^furrow

furrow cleft u.tallam, inf. tatllm,


; ;

tilm,

pi.

tildm,

lad,

outstanding give, bestow on grant protection hand an arrow as a sign of protection


;


^
be followed by her foals (camel,
&c.)
;

; ; ;

187
tattiama-t,

U
timdma-t,

INF. follow unceasingly press by the INF. follow each other in uninterrupted succession inf.
V. tatalli,
;

be
;

com-

plete, whole, perfect ; complete, finish (s-> hi or go to 'ala)

bailiff

VI.

tatnli,

(^\
fect
;

ila)

II.

INF.
;

tatmlm,

tatimma-t,

x.

istitkV,

be
;

improve, make percomplete finish off


;

desire one to follow, to espouse a cause lead continue. ^ Jilw, pi. ath1.\ following (adj.); tilwa-t, foal summer-lambs
;
;

(a

wounded man)

annihilate,

a goat above four months old trace; sublime, noble taJaww,


;
;

follows continually tuluww, INF. of (^') 6 tilwa-t, remainder of a debt. i^*^' talwdz, seeking refuge.
;

who

^^
g^'

talawiuut,
tulil',

sodomy.

day-break.
(camel). tuluna-t, delay neces;

J^
(j^

talul, lazy, restive


tuli'in, i

saries. 8^' talawwuh, glitter,

(j^

tala

glimmer. wwa, small ship tala wivt,


;

ruin give to anyone his gain in the game of arrows belong to or side with the tribe of Tamim suspend a talisman round one's neck iii. inf. mutamamat, vie with another in completing a thing iv. inf. itindm, complete, finish; improve, make perfect be on the point of giving birth be in full growth be full (moon) obtain one's wish give the axe timm -to anyone; go to; v. inf. tatammum, be complete (fracture) walk with a broken leg until the fracture is complete
; ; ; ;

V. of ((^y), getting twisted, i &C. tahriya-f, bending, folding, II. (^y). gS^ talwij, INF. II. of (s^5), turning aside, &c. bend of the road. eijli' talwih, pi. iahhiuh, inf. ii. of to flash, &c. (c^), causing
;

INF.

INF. tatdmm, come in numbers, reach the number INF. istHmdni, wish
VI.

full
for,

full

X.

or bring about the completion of a thing ask for anything necessary to the completion of a work ask for the
; ;

demand

metonymy
^J^ tala,

pi.

fruit

which
;

begins to ripen. remainder of the month tily, who swears much rich
talla, pi.

of JjlJ talil;

slaughtered sheep; remainder of a debt


rest.
il

tulla,

ii

taliyya-t,

remainder,
hereditary,
pi. taldlts,

talid='^
tillis,
;

talad,
tillisa-t,

axe ^' timm. 1^ tamm, timm, tumm, completion; end, finish a kind of goose timm, 1^ li-timm-in, mature axe, hatchet anything complete; i tamtiimm, mouth (m.) ma-t, talisman of camel-hair timma-t, tumma-t, pi. tumain, gift, tumma-t, the same
; ;

&c.

(u^)

testicle

little

basket
;

made

of

leaves,
gslj tali',
^fll

jW

long-necked long, tall. lost or taUfa-t, anything


pi. talla,
;

present. t>4^ tamdtin, pi. of u^^^w timtdn. jW^'Ui' tamdsil, pi. of J*-^ timsdl. tammdr, seller of dates. jujUi' tamdrtd, pi. of J^;*> timrdd. ,_j-.Uj' tamd.si, inf. vi. of (t^~^),

spoiled.
Jlj'

being cut

gangrene.

tain,

thrown down,
tulul,

prostrate pi. atilla-t, taldtil, neck. (^') tamm, i, inf. tamm,

*^ timsnk. c^ \aUj tamdsd, pleasure-walk, promeamusenade sight, spectacle

j^,Uj tamdsih, pi. of

timni,

tumm, tamdm,

timdm,

tumdm,

ment. ^U> tamdm,

timdm,

completed

188
perfect
full whole, entire completion, end
; ;
;

uiuU

(moon)

iamnii'i'm,

tamdma-t, rest tumdma-i, tamdmi, complete, entire


;
;

crowd troop, end completion remainder,


'
;

with dates; in a whip.


S\y>j

tamara-t, knot

t'lmrdd, pi.

tamo rid, dove-cot

i>^

i^

=^

,_5Li.W
J

,_3-U>

tafdduli,

Msdb tamdmi loa integral and differential

tamrdd, inf. ii. bird's-nest; of (o^), building high. tamr. (j^jM tumrdn, pi. of ^^j^' tamarrudiyy, refractory, re-

bellious.
(jj*2)
^J>J*i

calculus j^tviwitniyy, the longest (night). ^ ^jU> famd'iiii, pi. of ^ * > icmii. .

tamariz, fuiiuiiariz, dwarfish. tarn Ilia mid, weakness, insuf-

ficiency.
^j*.> tainriyy,

iiia-f.

(b^w

tamtdm, stammerer; tdma-t, stammering. yb* timfdii, pi. tamdthi,


rope.
(l*^^)

'

tain-

ijij;*>
jjj.*>

fond of dates. tamris, a little rain. famrhj, inf. ii. of

{tj")

tent-

anointing, smearing.
i?j*i'

taniziya-t,}i\gh. praise,

eulogy
pi.

tamtam, inf. badly the uw and an impediment.


;

ii

pronounce speak with

^\

II.
tj

(^y).
tniisd/i

f>

tamds'ih,

i-:^ tamattuh, error

v. (*^^)-

licious
;ci~*i'

(g > tiinsah), liar crocodile


; ;

ma-

tamsi'ih, lie.

tamasMir,

jest

masque-

(;>~w

tamthi, pi. tamdt'ni, tentrope. JUj tamsdl, comparison, resemtamds'd, pi. blance; timfdl, resemblance image, likeness,

1^1

rade.

seizing,
-dt,

v. of (uii *), pi. attachment &c. written obligation note of

tamassuh, inf.
;

portrait.

Jii*>

II. of (J^), representing by an image, &c. making an example of pi. -at, example allegory.

tams'il,

INF.

hand, bond, bonus receipt. ^ar: w tamslhd, a prayer. A-*> wishing good taiiisiya-t,
;

evening,
(lt-")
bi-w

ii.

(j

*).

taiiiax, u,

INF. tainx, gather,

assemble.
tlrmid',

J'-fi!*'

fumjid, INF. II. of (^^^), eulogy hymn. praising, &c.


; ;

walk, gait; step.

tii-i~*

&-*;>
out.
jjA*j

tamhiya-t, erasing, blotting

tumsal-, sandal of Bagdad. tamsiq, dying red.


;

tamaddun, inf.
civic
;

uniting in
polite

of (o-^), society, &c.


v.
;

tamsiya-t, causing to walk putting into motion purging ii. giving preference the
; ; ;

manners
,
pi.

civilisation,
jj=* tamatti,

refinement.
j*>

stretching one's self


ii.

tumrdn, full ripe date; ^^ajj* j*j tamr tamarind hindiyy, hence tanuir, u, inf. fanir, feed with inf. tatiiiir, enter dates; II. the last stage of ripening bear ripe or ripening dates feed with dates dry, make drv (fruit); mince iiiul dry meat;
tamr,

tumnr,
;

and yawning,
o^,Kaj

(y=^).

tamqit, hatred.

(ud*5)

tamak,

u,

i,

inf.

tumiik, be long

and high,

tamk, juicy
;

of a camel) INF. itmdk, fatten. y.i*' tamaklcnii, inf. v. of (y^)j having authority and influence,

and firm (hump)


IV.

<fcc.

power, wealth
;

taking up

IV.
;

INF.

itntdr,

abound
;

in

an abode
(;>e^*j

enter the last stage of dates ripening Iced bear dates


;

settling in a place. taiiiklii, INF. II. of (j^jX.*),


;

giving authority, &c.

making

^
possible
sion.
;

189
;

U
name
1)1.

investiture
fiiiiUldq,

declen-

of a tribe

tamiiaa-i,

taiauii,

j!i^

declaration of love, caressing, fondling. (^%tj thnldn, pi. of *<Uj' tandiya-t. ijUj tamalluq, blandishment, flattery, V. of (^>1-). tamallu', being full, ii. (^). osJjUj tumldk, wild olive. ^_5Sy*' tamlikiyy, one's own, hereS ditary; tandikiyya-t, right of property, of inheritance. "S-sUj' tamllya-t, pi. ikuldn, long

tamldq,

amulet; ^^ tinnimiyy, belonging to the tribe Tamim. u>-5*' tainijit, kilUng, murder.
tamy'iz, inf. j* ii. of (>s^), separating, discerning discrimination, discernment, judg;

tamii'iiii,

talisman,

ment, discretion.
(j^') tiiin, pi. ai?Kf/(,

one's

rade
itiidii.,

equal,

equal, similar; comjianion, comhence iii. inf. aj^

life, II.

{^);

lautdniia-t,

compare
;

iv.

tamli'a-t, filling;
ii.

fetching water,
f**>

(^).
;

tamam, perfect, complete tumam, tiiita'iii,'pl.oi ** timma-t,


tumina.
;

be far, absent weaken and prevent from growing.

;^> tuiin, i

endurance
of
(yi;j).

tunny-fish tina-t, continual flow inf.


ii
; ;

;_y*

U*> tamannd, wish, desire saluting by kissing one's fingers and placing them on the forehead.
ij>-*j

(^)
Ui'

tana',

a,

inf.

tuiid'
bi,

stay,

dwell, inhabit
tiiiind',

(v
;

fi)-

tamanul,

pi.

-at,

wish;

re-

(iU>)

quest, petition, v. (o^)INF. tamah, tatainih, A, taste in mdha-t, deteriorate

peasants, countrymen, S of ^y^ tdn't' tiiid'a-t, dwelling, living in a place, fixed residence. JirfW tandhll, pi. of JW^' tiinhdl,
pi.

and

smell

smell

badly,

be

J^-^' taiiihiV.

^jUj

rancid. (J6*') itmahall, inf. Itmihldl, be long, hard, straight and strong. .^9j' tamhid, inf. ii. of (-^6^), removing spreading out, &c. laying a broad, difficulties
;
;

taiiddi, INF. VI. of i^-^). calling to each other, <kc.


;

c:-J\

yaumu-'t-tanddi,

Day
;

of

Judgment.
joijUj

tanddid, pi. stray birds

stray

fugitives.
jUj tanndr,

maker

of stoves, &c.

sound foundation.
r9*j^ ;*

tamhir,
;

inf.

ii.

of

(j**),

demanding or taking a dowry, sealing, from Pers. fi^ &c.

muhr,
jy*^

,.Uj tandsub, inf. v. of (s-~), relationship symclaiming metry gracefulness of proporconformity. tion
; ; ;

seal.

tanihik,

reducing to powder.
;

tamawwur, inf.

oscillating, &c.
j* tamr.
jftJ

tumur,

v.

of

pi.

(jy), of

j-.^ iandsuh, h metempsychosis


believer in such.
J~.Ui-

tandsuhiyy,

tandsuhiyya-t.

tamvz,

month

of July.
provisions,
v.

tion
,_5~.Ui'

y^' tamawwun, domestic expenditure,

tandsul, begetting, generadescent, vi. (J~->). tandsi, real or pretended


;

taking

in

forgetfulness, vi. (o~')-.

(ay)Jij*> tamwil, enriching, ii. (Jy). tumma^^i^ timma-t, tumma-t. Si^ tumaila-t, pi. -at, timldn, a

&U> tandsir, exercises graphy.

in

calli-

1^

s-s-Ui' tandstb, mile-stones, stones

kind of cat. tamim, perfect,

complete

to mark out the road. prey~cUJ tana'us, drowsiness tending to be asleep, vi. (ij~).
;

; ;

190 JJ^
t>j==^

k<;

gsiU; tandfij, pi. wedge-like pieces inserted in a dress. (j^j>^' tamlqis, pi. defects, short-

tanill, dwarfish,

dwarf.
tcmjara-t,

tanjara-t=if^
;

comings.

j^^
y:}^
ij^'^

tanilkiih,

intermarriage,
of j^' tanniir.

vi.

tanirtiir, pi.

pot. kettle ,_5a^' tanajji, inf. v. of (fr), escaping saving one's self, * bliss eternal salvation, tarijkja-i, rescue, deliverance, 11.

frying-pan

_;

tanihi.in, pi. of
taxi'ihi,

y^'
VI.
pi.

tinnhi.

{^)
(j~*=!r^'

city of Tangier.
idUJlS,

1^^
v>j^'

arriving,
fanhiya-f.

INF. &o.
;

of

(1^3^),

of

iM^'

INF. II. of {fj~^), amulet against polluting, &c. the evil eye.
;

tanihvuh, doing

alternately,

ct.>.fr&^

tanhit,

planing; cutting the


n,

VI. (v>y).

J^^
S^Ui'

tawiwnl, INF. taking, seizing,

VI.

of
;

(Jy),

hoof. {^) tanah,

&c.

Holy

dwell

inf.
a,

tuw'ih,

stay,

tanih,

Communion. iindwa-t, ^S^ tindya-t, neglect of study and discussion (between


scholars).

suffer from INF. tatnih, stay, remain, abide III. INF. mutdnaha-t, (sj bi) iv. make a stand in battle
;

inf. tanah, 11. indigestion

j;i!j^'
<_fl)l-i'

tandwih,

pi. of

j^.^Jj

fanivlh.

JUjJ iimh'il, dwarf; J

tmid'if, pi. of ^i^' tani'ifa-t. pi. fandhil, tandhila-f,

tiinhiila-t, id.;

dwarfish

cause indigestion; V. INF. tatannuh, stay, abide (v 60i^-ii' tanahhiiz, command of a ship,

INF.

itndh,

figure.
57<-"'

cajatainship.
;*sa.^
ijij

tanabb/ij, swelling of a bone.

tanhjr, speech.
taiiazzvh, inf. v. of ('y),

tii~fjj

tumbak, tobacco (Pers.).


;

being
;

Ji-.^

timbal=^^'^ timbdl; (m.) pi. lazy idler tandbil, weak, soft

inf. v. of (J^j), excelling by birth, skill, &c. ft^ tanahbti', office of a prophet, v.

tanabbul,
tambi'ir,

(WO.
j^^jj'

small

J^'
ct~,.;j

iumbiU,

pi. tandbil,

dwarf. dwarf.
ii.

iauibit,

inf.

of
;

(u:-.y),

grow, &c. tambit, timb'd, anything sprouting; (m.) trees, bushes, shrubs projection of a sill, of ornaments stitches of a seam. d*jj fnnibi'a-t, prophesying, prophecy, II. (W>).

causing to

pasturepurity, chastity ground, &c. recreelevation of the mind ation amusement walk in the open air entertainment. tanzU, INF. II. of Jj)-"' (Jy), sending down, &c., revelation Koran hospitable reception diminishing, subtracting humiliation deposition inserfar
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

from water

and

tion.
ij^\

-^'

-3

iansds, swiftness.
tansib. praise, aj^proval.

tanassum, pleasant breeze.


sj'

i^-"'

inf. ii. of {^), awakening, &c. pi. -df, admonition aviso decree, edict
; ; ;
;

tambih,

tansiq, inf. ii. of (*3>), arranpjing in good order, &c. pi. -at, ordinance, regulation. (3-i^ tanassuq, snuffing, 11. (ijJij).
;

"S^-i-u

tansi'at,
II.

bringing

up, edu-

notice.

cation,
Jji.JJ'

(^-i->).

^\X> favtds, calumny.


iJUy: tiiit'iJa-t,
yj^u'
tiiifal,

cUjj' tanr/dh,

exuding, perspiration
"perceiving,
inf.
ii.

dwarf.

dew.
^Uijj'

iantan, inf. , leave one's friends for other people's com-

taii~'!r,

inf.
of

of

pany.

1^^

tangim,

(^),

;; ;

191
ly

; ;

e"
putting in order, &c.
regulation. tan'lm, f*Jj''
inf.
;

ordinance,
of

choice

handwriting,

exquisite

penmanship.
ii.

(^),

procuring a happy life, &c. pampering, effeminating. ji^ tanaffur, abtorrence, detestation.

tanmiya-f, causing to grow, to increase, to flourish, ii. (^)

adulteration;
;

lie;

calumny;
ii.

quotation
W."'

growth, increase,

u^'

tanaffus,

breathing,
ation.
\>^'

inf. v. of sighing, &c.

{w^)
;

recre-

(Pers.) tanhV, highest point of rising


;

tavhi'i,

alone, solitary

water.

tanfiz,
;

transmission

execu-

<s^*^'

tanhika-t,

punishment,
prohibition,
;

tor-

tion
(ji^'

enforcing. tanfis, cheering, refreshing,


;

ture.
i^gjj

tanhiya-t,
;

for-

consoling

ctJ\

i_i^

har/u-'t-

>^

wishing. tanqdd, separating, sifting. U=UiAi' tanqds, diminishing, damaging, injuring. j.V<yj tiniqqdm, vengeance, punishtanfis-i, particle of

biddance termination attaining to the extreme limits pi.


;

i_3&^'

tancihi,

highest

point of

\yj

rising water. tanwil', rising

with difficulty
;

(under a burden)

ment.
(jaij

Wyj
v. (^J=^).

inf. of (y)." tanwilf, decoration of a sedan-

tanaqqus, diminution; injury,


tanqib,

chair.
(s->^A>)

damage,
s-"'

tannnh, fir-tree.
pi.

examining, mining.

inf. &c.

ii.
;

of {-!-~"), criticism
;

jyj'

tanni'ir,

tanihiir,

stove,

pjW

(c"), sucking the marrow out of the bones, &c. concise and hitting speech correction of style, &c.
; ;

tanqih,

inf.

ii.

of

oven, furnace; pit for baking; surface of the earth source tanawivur, inf. v. of (jy), shining, &c. tannfirlyy, ^^ maker of stoves, &c.

li^

revision.
^tA'^

tanqiya-t, purification
;

clean;

ing selecting taking out the

winnowing
intestines,

ii.

u^' tanah, sheet metal,


(m.).
^^jssS^'

tin plates

taniifa-t, h ianufiyya-t, pi. tan (V if, vast desert. ff^ fannihn, name of a tree hemp-seed hence v. inf. fanaxvwum, browse on the tree taiinitm; tanawwum, inf. v. of (,.y), sleeping.
;

j-if>j
&?.

tanakji, pi.

>yya-t,

tinman,
;

tandwih, lamentation, mourning for the dead, ii.


tanwih,
pi.

tinker.

}^

tanakhur, disguise, incognito transformation into a lower


state, indefiniteness, v. (j^). tankit, inf. ii. of (u;-^),

(^*i>
_

tanwin, nunnation (marking with 1, 7, -)


(i^y),
;

ts^i^'

(m.) criticism; censure vexation. ji^ tanhir, inf. ii. of (j^), disaltering, disfiguring, &c. generalisation. guise (a^') tanam, v, inf. tanm, browse on the tree tannum. (^-Ja tantniq, inf. ii. of (i3*'); writing with large letters, &c. ;
cavilling,
;

&c.,

hy^ tanwiya-t, inf. ii. of accomphshing a jiurpose mewing. ij^ tinin, equal, similar;
pi.
;

(m.)

tinnin,
;

tandnin, large serpent dragon (constellation) shark. ij tih, for 6 J zih, this, f. s. yVy tahdtir, pi. of f^ talitar tahdtur, INF. VI. of {fJ^), being arrogant towards each other.
;

<sV9

tahdtih, pi. vanities.

192

; ;

^
(V'

tahirm,
;

Mecca Mecca
i_5'W

tihlma-t, ^
ii

pi.

-im,

native

of
;

JI9J

tahaUal, vain, idle

tahalhd,

Tihilma

tiluimiyy,

from

<^^

rejoicing, delight, v. (J*)tulih'ik, ruin, iNr. of (isXlfc).

Tihilma.
tahihii, pi. of ^3J' tahn't'a-t.

(^6^')

u^^W
of
1VUS,

tahdwis, er^^W''
ij^\ji>

faJtivits;

\J^)^

tahdwis,

pi.

taJiii-

INF. VI.

of

mixed up together,
each other.

(u^y), being set against

taliiin. A, INF. taham, tahdma-t, get deteriorated and smell perceive stink badly (meat) one's insufficiency for a thing and get confused at it; refuse
;
;

JjjW tahdwil, pi. of Jj^gi' taliwih jl'^ tahuijn consent, vt. (^t;*).
,

Ji'

tahbil,

(m.)

steam-bath

fomentation. ;W' tahtdr, stupid insolence. J^' tahtdl, continual rain. yUgJ tahtdn, continual light rain.
tahtar, pi. tahdiir, contraj'^ dictory and on either jiart false evidence mutual false accusa;

tion.

(4^)
^^'

tahtah,
tahjd',

inp.
satire,

indulge

in

idle doings.
libel,

the pasture be very hot, while tahiim, be the air is calm; suspected, for ^'1 ittaham, viii. (m.) taham, suspect, (^^) accuse III. inf. tmitahdma-t v, IV. INF. ithdm, go to Tahiima or live there find the air of a country oppressive and unwholesome suspect and accuse falsely suppose, doubt suggest an opinion or suspicion III. and V. INF. iatahhvm, go to Tahama, or live there; VII. INF. intihdm, (m.) be suspected, accused viii. inf.
;

jmsqui-

Hiihdin, suspect.

nade.
gVa^' fahju', light slumber,
jaf^' tahja',

f^
broad.
ua!r8'
;

^W

tahajju',

fahajjt,

i-i^i>

spelling i,;*^^.^^ '-'>;= h II ri'ifu-'t-tahji, alphabet. ^^^ tahaddi, right guidance, v.


tahjiya-t,
((^'i')
;

(of the air) exsea-shore; iahim, smelling badly, stinking i faJim, Tahama sea-shore fahama-t, stench pi. tahd'im, shore; taJima-f, Tahama; town,
iulifim,
;

calm
;

cessive heat

mitigation
V. (\jJi)
;

city; tii]ima-f, suspicion, opinion.


i__y=^'

bad
sus-

taliaddi',

alleviation,
price,

tiiJimatiyy,

abatement of
ii
;

suspicious,

pected (m.).

fahdiya-t, offering,
;

jW'

giving for a present ii. (i^Jjfc) tahdi'a-f, soothing, quieting, &c., II. Oja).
tahzdr,
talk.
talia::ii',

(y^) taJiiii, A, INF. iahan, sleep. ^8^ tahiii, sleeping (adj.).


i^j^ talini'a-t, ^_5^ tahni', congratulation; saying W-=^ haniyy-an,

talking

nonsense,
(of a
v.

may
{}9>)

it

do you good

ungrudg-

absurd

ingness.
tuiaJid, u, INF. fahir, being negligent. ^)^ iahird', part of the night. J^^' iahinid, speaking low and

^^
j;6J'

bursting

mour).
taharrii',

over-cooking,

Oy*).

y^'
II.

fahri'a-t, dissolving

by

lioiling,

(V).
tahazziil, facetiousness, jocose-

gemly
ij^\)i>

(s.).

J)^

tahird.s, pi. taJnhvis, tahdwi.y,


;

ness.
Jtgi' tahlal,

histing rain.

iii^ talilika-t, fahlaJca-t, taliluha-t, ruin ; danger what leads to


;

ruin.

crowd of peo[)le tumult. J^' fahainoid, inf. v. of (>>y*), being gentle in speech, becoming a Jew, &c. conversion repentance conciliation.
;
;

;;

;; ;

^
C?.^'

193
agitation
mility ing.
false politeness

tahivV,
ii.

violent

cring-

vomiting,

(g^).
;

Jj^' tahivil, INF. II. of (J^*), frightening, &c. pi. tahdwil, terrific sight goblin phantom
; ; ;

calumny.
,_s

tih), this, f. sing, of \^ za; tahiyy, void, vacant (Pers.). jvs#' tahim, suspect, suspicious

tahayyum,

elegant

gait,

v.

^'
,_5*9'

taivdtii', agreement selfy=\y humiliation, VI. (^j). ijAy taivdfxq, INF. VI. of (i>^), agreeing one with another, &c. league leaving no remainder in division commensurability. j\)' tawwdq, longingly attached. tauqt'. taivdqt', pi. of en^\f tawdkuz, complication
;

^ly
^\f

^f

tahayyu', being prepared, &c.,

tanglement.
iawdlxid, pi. of

v. (WJfc).

i^f tauMd.
;

tahyV,

iSsi'
;

tahyi'a-t,

pi.

-at,
ii.

prepai'ation

good guidance,

taivw, pi. atn-i'i', alone; single simple, not compound finished tawwa-t, hour 1000 horses ; tawwat-an, just now, this very

ii

moment.
\f tawd', sign of the cross. wj\y tawwub, repenting, penitent

long-suffering

tu'nba-t, dispi.

^W

grace, ignominy. tawdbi', dependencies, &^' tdbi'a-t.


tawdbil,
Sluices,

((jS;) ^J\f tawdli, succession, vi. the expi. of i-J^ tdliya-t, tremities of the body. tawd'im,tudin, tau'am, pi. f>\)> twin-brother; the second best cast of the dice, arrow or lot constellation of the Twins fu'dm, (m.) twin-like, double tau'ama-t, pi. tawd'im, twinsister; a litter or sedan-chair open at the top for women h tu'dmiyya-t, a pearl.

^y

ii

of

y\y tawdn-in,
;
;

Jj\/
c^s>^y

pi.

of
pi.

J>^
of

tdbil.

tawdbtt,

biers,

&c.,

^\f tawdnt, slowdelay ; neglitiredness ness gence VI. {^)). pi. of tawd'im, by-paths; l>S\f (^y tau'am.
;

uuj?^' tdbut.

f\y tawdtur, inf. vi. of (/;), following each other in short uninterrupted intervals, &o. pubfrequency tradition
; ; ;

licity.

y^\f tawdsir,

pi. of

j/y

tu'snr.

E\f tuwdj, bleating. dej)y tau'ad, considerateness mutual tawddd, liberation love, VI. (J;) tS tawddi, pi.
;

(v>y) tdb, V, INF. taub, tauba-t, matdb, tdba-t, tatwiba-t, return admit the penitently to God penitent to His mercy (God) x. inf. istitdb, call draw back or move to repentance. i >-jy tob, top, cannon (Turk.) confession tauba-t, repentance
; ;

of sins.
( J>y)

taubal, INF.

put seasoning

of h'^f taudiya-t. tawdrud, inf. vi. of ('^j^), ij^f coming together to the wateringchance in rhetoric place, &c. agreement between two poets. gj)\y' tawdrih, historical dates, &c.,
;
:

into the cooldng-pot. Jiy taubal, pi. tawdbil, herbs for seasoning.

cyy

tdt,

mulberry

mulberry-tree.
;

fy

tawattur, tension
tiitnidj,

stiffness.

eUiy

a dish of vermicelli
(Turk.).

(Pers.).

of ^j^ tdrih. 5A\y tawddu', inf. vi. of (g^;), deporting one's self with hupi.

(^y tiitun, tobacco ^jy tiitiyd', philosopher's atone; smoke of huts zinc.
;

25

;; ;

yy
i^jy

194
of
(^}),

Thora, Pentateuch,

tautid,

INF.
;

II.

ram-

i\jy taurdt,

ming
kijy
>-:-y>

pegs priapism. ^;s=uLjy ti'd, mulberry.


in

gjjy tiWunj, orange (Pers.).


ui-ojy taiirit,

taicas^ub, assault, v.
ff'sur,
pi.
t((iC(i^tr,

(^t-j'j).

j/y

ta'dsir,

^_,y
(bjy
-

taiirih,

Pentateuch (m.). putting the date,

il.

the taxbeadle iron for branding the soles of a camel. (ey) fi'ij, V, INF. tavj, get crowned II. INF. tau'ij, crown v. inf. tatawwuj, get crowned. bronze, sy ''!/; quince (Pers.) brass (Turk.). A=-y tawajjuh, inf. v. of i'^}), turning towards, &c. kind attention, favour, 2)1. -("it, marks of favour. &^y taujlli, INF. II. of ("W-^), turning towards, &c. pi. -<?<, new nominations (to office) census
escort
of
; ;

military gatherer

^^''^. f ^ tauriya-i, inf. ii. ot r (14;^;, notion, lighting a fire, &c. conception, idea; riddle, word alin its rarest signification
;
;

literation

of

(m.) theory ; perspective (m.). (jjV) tdz, V, INF. fata:, be thick, coarse, rude. disposition origin jf ti'iz, natural bat (of wood) paling. tiu-zdii, i iiirzdna-t, contrary, i^\-^f
; ; ;

final consonants ; ifjy tauri'a-t,

opposed.
Sjy tauzald', ^J)f tauzalO, tauzala,

last consonant but one of a verse with u or a for a vowel. (cy) tdh, V, INF. tauh, be broad. (ji-o-y tawahhus, inf. v. of (t/^;), growing desolate, savage, &c. abhorrence, aversion.

tax-roll

misfortune, calamity.
(jjf
off

tauzi\

tauzi'a-t,

throwing
;

the rider, 11. (^j^). ins, natural disposition ((j-y)


origin. S=-,y taicassut,

(fcy)

'"/?>

u>

INF.

/(Y'7i

(also

E^'

inf. v. of (^j), placing one's self in the middle penetrating deeply into a matter,
;

Wj), touch anything swollen or dip into anything soft (finger).

fathoming.

j-y

tawassu',

inf.

ii.

of

(5-j),

^y

tawahhum, being some, V. ii*^}).


taiihim,
soiling,
II. (,*^^)-

unwholepolluting,
trans-

enlarged, getting extended, extensive knowwidened, &c.


;

j*=-y

ledge.
(jj^-y

ii=-y

tauhiya-f,

message,

tawasicus, disquietude ; scruple temptations of the


;

mission.

devil.

JJy

tu'ada-f, tii'da-t, sedateness, steadiness; deliberateness; quiet


pi.

^^y

tausih,

INF.

II.

of

(c^j),

deportment.
Ajoy taudiya-t,
;

girding with a sash, &c.; paraadornment vignette phrase


;
;

tawddi, dwarf sending guidance, ii. of (<^>J;). (jy) tdr, V, INF. <a(/r, flow roam
;

acrostic.

AjAy

taiixiya-t,

painting, embroiderat-

iv. inf. itdra-t, do a about; thing repeatedly for jW afar.


;

ing, &C., II. (o^j). jjij^y tanfifiijy, descriptive

tributivo.

fix

the

look

sharply

at

{,^\

ila).

S~oy fattfiya-t, inf. ii. of d^^), enjoining, tte. recommenda;

jy

atwth; mediator, envoy a vessel for water course wax6 taura-f, messenger of cake
<a!ir, pi.
;

tion

admonition
;

commission

testament, will

yiy
wA-iji'

taa-addu',
tavzif,

banns. ablution

before
to

love.

prayer, v. (U^).

s^^jy taurdh, earth, dust.

nomination

an


tf
oflSce;

195

;; ;

(if

assigning a salary; impost

on transactions.
(y)
^''', u, INF. tau', dip bread into butter, milk, &c., to suck

^f

tavhaJ,

INF.
;

II.

of

(J^j),

making
;

firm, &c.
;

pi.

taivdkid,
;

confirmation ratification phasis girths.

em-

them up
ing
(_*y)

(a.), II.
ti1f,

INF. ness
;
;

tau'iya-t, awaken(^j). UjiNF. tauf, be dimmed;


;

(Jy)

'''^)
;

u,

sorcery

INF.
ii

taul,

practice
tula-t,

taula-t,
;

iiiwala-t,

calamity
;

tuwala-t,
foal

taufa-t, relax
ii

from weari^/
;

tiwala-t, love-spell
tula,
uL^'iy

tavfa-t,

the senses, transgression


vice want delay.
;

deception of delusion error

tiUdt,

magic. misfortune,
of

calamities.

tnfa-t,
;

fault,

^!iy
an

excess

hesitation,

taulah, pi. ass calf


;

tawdlih,
>

(\

umm

taulah.

(3^y
first

taufdq,
taufiq,
;

^f
INF.

taufaq,
II.

time

appearance.
of
(i3'}),

(3s^y

she-ass gSy taulaj, lair of a wild beast, den. (a>i!y tawaldun, childishness, childish tricks. g<Jy taulij, INF.
enter, &c.
;

fitting, &c.

guidance and grace


;

fulfilment of one's wishes, success, prospering (s.) adjustment, agreement; time.


;

of

God

II.

of (g!^),

making

transmission of proii.

perty during lifetime.

^y
((iy)

taufiya-t,
u,

full

payment,
tauq,

ii.

^y tauUd,

inf.

of
;

{^}), assist-

tiJ-1,

INF.

tu'uq,

ing at a birth, &c. education.


&-Jy
tauliya-t,

begetting
of
;

tiqdya-t, for, long favour be eagerly set on doing be quick and vigilant come out with a prize (arrow in the game) bend the bow by tension; inf. taitq, tawaqdn, sacrifice one's self from generosity iv. inf.

tawaqdn,
desire
;

inf.

ii.

(J^),

turning the back, &c. nomination as a governor, prefect, &c. administration of pious
;


; ;

it'dq,

bend the bow strongly.

Jy

tauq, longing, desire

concupiscence curvation
;

passion bend, infervent tu'uq,


;
;

tilq,

foundations. ta'um, iau'a'm=:(>\f tau'am, (y twin tnm, garlic ti'ima-t, pi. tihn, tu'am, pearl; ear-ring with a large pearl egg of the ostrich (>\ iiinm ti'ima-t, mother of pearl
;

ii

desire.

ostrich tau'ama-t,o^QTa. vehicle for women.


;

tawaqdn, inf. of (liy). tawaqquf, inf. v. of ('-=*j), stopping (n.), hesitating, &c. expectation, deperseverance pendency. iiiy tauqala-t, horse walking safely over rocks and stones. ta->*y tauqit, fixing a time, ii.
tjViy
"-ftiy
; ;

;^y

ti'imdr,

roll,

book,

volume
;

(Pers.).

tfimdn, a Persian gold coin 10,000 men. j4/*y tu'muriyy, somebody, anybody.

y^y

5iy tauqi', INF. II. of i^'}), dropping, &c. ; pi. tawdqi', royal notion, idea. signet seal &sJy tauqiya-t, protection, guard,
; ;

of children. )yif tu'mnr, somebody, anybody; pi. j^\j ta'dmir, stone to mark the road in the desert.
i_j'y tiima,

y^y tawammun, number

Thomas

taumi\i-t,

II.

(^,).
taukdf, eaves.

wink, sign C^y). (yy) tiin, leathern game-board


<k

uMf

tuniyya-t, tunic.

;;

cjy
VI.

196

(J****

((jyO)

INF. Uiiihvuii,
u,

surrouud

J~o'

taital=J'-J: :aital,

^^

saisal,

the game.
(sy)

perish -wander wander in mind (m.) be absentminded be proud, haughty, supercilious; ii. inf. tatwtli, cause to perish render confused, perplexed iv. inf. iti'di, perplex, confound.
ti'th,

INF.

faw/t,
;

depart and disappear


; ;

old male chamois. yUs-i' ii'jdn, crowns, pi. of e^' tdj. (j^-) tdh, I, inf. taih, be ready

move
go

to and fro in walking iv. inf. astray, wander Hd/in-t, make ready, set on foot; decree, measure out to (J '0'
;

destine, appoint, allot.

4y

iuivali,

pi.

tiVi,

atwiih, at(Uvih,

perthunderstruck, utterly plexed, bewildered ta nh, ti'ih,


;

yWi' tnyyahdn, who talks about things which do not concern him = c^^' tayydh.
;

(^)
(ji-i)

ruin. ylfcy tauluht, perplexity, bewilder-

INF. taih, cudgel. gentleness, mildness, kindness; c^ixj' taida-Jai, gently!


t,1f;,

I,

tfild,

ment

(m.) absent-mindedness.

^y

idiihad, perfect of form.

;->'

i^fsf tauharii/ij, long

hump

of

camel.
(i^y) tawi, A, INF. iaw-aii, perish inf. iv. be sj)ent (money)
;

(j^) tdr, I, swell, billow. fir, pride; haughtiness; headwilderness desert, beam iiyar, yJ ti'ar, pi. of 'j^J' tdra-t; tiyar-an, often, many times. '-j\pS earth, fa i rah, tairdb, vv^'
; ;

^^\ ittvd, ruin,


,_5y taw-tni,

cause to perish. ruin; tav!, perishing,


iawitjij,

ground.
(jti')

fdz,

I,

INF.

tayazdn,

die;

falling, lost;

stationary,

dwelling.

v.
j-j'

INF.

faiz,

contend for victory;

^sy
^_^

t)iw<(ibl',

Aldabaran.
f.
t<'iyy,

ti,

she, this,
;

(m.) tea
Wi'

taiji/n,
\i

the

little

fi, of \>i zil write a ^ i. one, f. dim. of

mufdi/azn-t, id.; III. INF. INF. tatayyuz, make high stejjs

in walking,

tion for
fiyyaz,
fa'iz,

have a longing (J^ ila).

affec-

1,1

cWi tayyilk, a lively horse, walking sideways. jUi' tayydr, pi. -dt, wave which breaks and dissolves the deep vein astonished bleeding
; ; ;

yU-i'

broad-shouldered with strong sinews. taya::dn, dying, death, inf.


;

of(y).
(^J-^) tais, pi. fuyds, afyds, tiyaobstisa-t, matyi'sd', he-goat
;

pompously dressed uj). X^ tayydz, short and thick-set dwarf strong sower.
;

nate, restive, refractory blockhead name of a star tayas, shape of horns Hke those of a
; ;

y-W
du.
iiUi'

tayyds,

who keeps he- goats tayijdsdii, name of two stars;


;

fiydn, INF. III. of

(u-^).

tiydqa-t, longing, desire, inf.

of (o/)ci)Ui'

ta.yydk,

cdJWs

tayijdJiJc^zLJ

hence ii. fayyas, inf. tafyis, tame, break in III. INF. fiyds, miifdyasa-t, exercise one's self in a thing; X. INF. isfitiisa-f, turn into a he-goat figuratively, a lowborn person attains to a high
he-goat
; :

tayijd.
fXS) iai'ani,

ofiice

imitate

the voice

of

twin-brother.

he- goat.
^~-J'

yV^- tayijd)), seller of figs.

4LJ
jtt\^

tayydh,
"

proud
ytfi'^

gone astray,
taydhlr, pi. of

lost.
iaijdihir,

taisd', goat with those of a he-goat.


*

horns like

faisayia-f, (m.):^i~tr')

-j

faisii-

siyya-f.
_)^~sJ taisur,

)jit? iaihiir.

light step; fatness.

;; ;

; ;

(.^^a*

19?
goat-like,
if<? taiqitr,

A^
modest
I,
;

iS-.y~^

taisilsii/ya-t,

goatish
stiffness.

manners
hyena;

stubliorn
ii

(^')

tdk,

inf.

tuyi'il-,
;

prudent. be very

ij^
j~-

iisa, fie!

= (!u-.j-wJ taisi'isiyya-f,
taisir,

taisiyya-t
tisiyya-f,
;

stupid, be an idiot iv. inf. pull out the hair. uiM' tiJca, that one, f. sing, for usUj
itdJca-t,

lie.

fiUia.

INF. II. rendering easy, &c. (of a horse).

of (;~-j), light step

(^)
II.

tdm,
;

I,

degrade
INF.

INF. taiiii, enslave; inspire with love tatyim, id. viii.


;

(J,>-~j' taistq,

good guard

confine-

ment

consignation to the bar-

racks, sequestration. /(/(', toya', iaya'dn, (C**) ^'''' i> INF. come or flow out be fluid, flow melt (n.) ; go, depart hasten up infest long for
;

the

roads

take

away
;

dip

bread into butter, milk, &c., and suck them up ii. inf.
tatyi',

id.
;

slaughter a sheep iU^ tinia-t. taim, slave name of a tribe ti'ma-t, ta'ini, twin-brother thiia-t, a sheep kept at home for time of need a sheejj belonging to a herd of 40 or above talisman. fahiuV, desert at-taimd', constellation of the Twins. taiman, the south (;>
I*ir>
;

iv.

inf.

ita'a-t,
;

vomit

vomit repeatedly inf. tatayyu', be prone to


VI.

taiinaniyy,

v.

yi'

evil

Arabia felix, Taman tayammvu, inf. v. of (y^i!), belonging to Taman, &c.


;

^
; ;

INF. tatdyu', id. ; persist in evil ; persist in a thing against general opinion im;

blessing
tin,

of
s,

God

success
tiiia-t,

felicitation.
fig;

the
lih),

stand upright move the shoulders in walking raise and blow about dust or dry leaves; x. inf. istiti'i'a-t, be able. tayyi', yU^ tayya'dn, prone to

portune
;

rise

and

WMount
tind'

buttocks.

(preceded
Sinai.

by

jfl=

yW'
("M)
in

tlndv, wolf.
tdli,
I,

INF. taih,

tih,

be lost

evil

quick,

swift

ti'a-t,

herd of 40 heads and above, of which one is to be sacrificed.


^>fti'

wander in bewilderment be proud, haughty extend far and rise high relax, ii. inf. tatyili, lead grow dim
the
desert,
;

tai'it,

jW'
j\JlJ

tlgdr,

alarm-cry. water- jug;


tifdq,

freely-

bleeding wound.
taifdq,

opposite

tifdq,
^>

time=v5^y taufdq. ta'iffa-t, time and opportunity.


ta'iq,

astray, destroy, min (m.) cause one to be absent-minded, divert one's attention. iS-i' atydh, atdwih, taih, tih, pi. atdwiha-t, desert in which one at-tih, the wilderis wandering
; ;

(,3>')

inf. ta'q, be full iv. be full of grief or anger inf. it'dq, fill bend the bow to
a,
;

the full length of the arrow. (3' ta'iq, hasty, passionate, rash ; bold, sharp; lively; malicious;
irascible.

W yW
E)9i?

the Israelites pride, haughtiness.

ness

of

tih,

taihd', desert.

taihdn,
;

desert
(iLo)
;

tayahdn, tayyahdn,
pi.

wandering

in the inf. of tayyihdn,


jjart-

haughty.
impetuous,
imtaihuj,

(j^'

tayyiqdn, pulsive.

grey variety of
taydhir,
;

tV

tayaqquz, waking, lucubration,

ridge. taihur, jjifj

taydhir,

V. (fsi).

dangerous desert

vast

plain

At^

198
i)9i!>

J^^

quicksand, riverlow ground sand; haughty, arrogant; out


;

taihuwa-t, whirlpool.
.

of

senses

j^^' taiwiyy, terminating in cu


,*Ssi'

taihura-t,

plain,

field.

tai'am, twin-brother.

ii> s

as a numerical sign=500.
jU'

e^^' sa"dj, (roarer) lion. So^U' sa'dda-t, fatness, plumpness

for the venge.


;

purpose of taking
pi.

re-

sa'r,
su'iii;

as'iU;

dsdr,

fci

d'ir,

clumsiness.
o-iU'
5 standing firm concertain, persevering of a strong stiff, rigid sure safe (animal in walkintellect S sdbita-t, pi. mwilhit, ing)
si'ibif,
, ;

stant,
;

sardt, revenge for murmurderer of him who is der sa'rdf, viJ^^ to be revenged
;
;

t*j
\iVj-

yd a^-sa'rdt, ".S-U^ yd U's-sa'rdt, let us take revenge revenge


!
!

ii

sdrra-t, talkative

kio^'

fixed star. sabha-t=^&^}^

sa't,

INF. of i}"^)

woman.
'

sa'fa-t,
;

sdbha-i,

girl,

pi.

sa't,

thin

black

mud
who

damsel.
^jjU'

stinging insect.
overflowing
i
,

sitbiq,

liberal,

sa'/<('

= \jU-

sa'dd'.
5(7'?),

generous.
(U'U')

allow to drink sa'sa', INF. its fill (a camel), and, by op]30sition, allow to be thirsty drink, and, by opposition, be prevent, detain, repel thirsty get appeased, subside remove, extinguish (a.) take away intend II. INF. y^' iasa's'u', fear a journey and then prefer stay; ; ; ;
;

gU'

sd'-in

(^V

jjelts

with stones, accuses, reveals a * crime or profits by it ^d'a-t, vomiting.


;

fti^j

sdgiiu, white, whitish.


-5"'!/'

(j^^
Ji^'

()*^)

(t^ sdgiya-t, sheep.


'
;
;

^dg-in), part.

a.

of

sdjij,

ments
<-T-N^'

dregs, sediment excreanything stinking.


;

ing at home.
(e^)
oVj

sdqih, p. a. of (v-)
; ;

planet

;''aii

u,

INF.

m'j,

bleat

roar.
sa'd,

Saturn beggar a she-camel abounding in milk.


sawdqil, heavy, over-burdened, oppressed, molested. J^^' sdtk-il, pi. saicdkil, without friends or children, bereaved. vi-J^ii, sdlis, third; a third (unconcerned) person, mediator, arbitrator; fdlls-an, in the
Jj>^'

ground
nations

plumpness, fatness. \oU' sa'diV, maid-servant; stupid girl; "^ {^'^ ibii sa\li', weaksai'ida-t,

moisture, dew, wet fa' ad, cold abomiinconvenient place


;

sdqil,

pi.

weighty

ii

fa'ada-t,

plump (woman)

ling. (jU) so'a;-.

A,

revenge
vt"

upon
;

take INF. sa r, or for (ace. or

third place
y-iW'

S s,!Jisa-f, tierce. fdlhi'in, thirtieth.


;

61)

take

revenge

upon

gJ^' sdJij,

icy cold.

(ace.) or for (v 60 ; seek revenge IV. INF. is'iir, and vili. upon
;

INF. issi'i'ir, obtain revenge X. INF. isti'dr, seek assistance


;

(J!^) i7(7, pass, and 11. tasa'lal, INF. tasa'lul, be disfigured by warts.
<^y*j" sdlus, trinity.


J^'

;;

;; ; ;;

199
I

e^
INF. III. of (,^).subdt, disease impeding the movements pi. of

iJ'^saU, third.
Jl^'

sa^ilil,

warts,

pi.

of

J^y
pea
;

su'lill.

y^

sdmir,

^
;W^
oW'

suba-t.

fruit-bearing
;

sibdr,

blossom of the
J-^' so mil, rusty

persevering,

diligence,

sorrel.

sword
;

delightful

(_^); nearly finished.


sibdn,

III.

^\ J^
of

'aia's-sibdr,

habitation.

inf.
Tj,

U^U sdmin-an, (:y^ sihuin, eighth in the eighth place,


(t)^'),

((^)

^-i-j'

subna-t. (u:^') sabat,

INF. sabdf, subilt,

VI.

tasd'aii,

tasiiwan,

inf.

stand
persist

firm
;

and

permanentlv
of
;

tasii'un,
;

nets overcome outwit,


y^'

surround the game with by stratagem,


^jiU'

not (grammatical

allow
letter)

sabuf,

elision

sdn-in,
;

sdni,

i,

double second

UiW'
;

sirniy-aii,

second, in the

INF. sabdta-f, subitta-t, be firm of character and courageous


II.
;

INF.

tasbit,

make

firm,

_' " s((rtt place J^aJl ^\i s l-hnl, in future, henceforth <_4!sc ^\j sdut 'aff, proud sdni;

ya-t,

pi.

sawdni,
;

second

of (t_^). ui^\i suhit, gullet diaphragm. sa'w, weakness; leanness;


s(hii, p. a.
sa'u'ci-t,

be very persevering and enduring; exhort to perseverance keep in confinement register, note down prove, demonstrate (m.) confirm (in the religious sense)
;
; ;

strong

III.

rest;
(<J^)
spoil,

sdwa-t, sheep-fold.
;

old

lean sheep

small

know
isbdt,

INF. musdbata-t, sibdt, for a certainty iv. inf.


;

A, INF. sa'y, (_jS> sa'an, deteriorate bring about mischief; break or deteriorate the seams of a leathern bag IV. INF. is'd', wound and kill savagely. J^ say.. sa'an, destruction; crime;
sa'a,
;

firm and strong know for certain confirm, attest inform accurately, give a precise answer write down register one's name prove
; ; ; ; ;

make

wound

severely,
;

wounding
scars
;

also
; ;

murder

sa'-an,

sdya-t, pi. sdy,

^W
f^

sheep-fold

road- mark.
bleat-

sd'ija-t, pi. -dt, sawd'ij,


;

ing

roaring.

sd'ir,
;

anger

vengeance, revenge; malice revenging


;

vindictive dusty.
>T^'

p.

a.

of

(j^),

sib,
6

jump!
;

&c., imp. of (s-jj)

suba-t,

middle of a well or
;

pond
asdhi,

pi. sahdt, suhiln, ashiya-t,

finement V. INF. tasabbiit, take a fixed residence be strengthened, fortified persevere hesitate oppose persistently complete, achieve, carry through (m.) receive the confirmation viii. inf. istibdt, be strengthened, fortified X. iNP. istisbdt, be kept confined persevere behave with patience and mildness hesitate do gradually ask for reliable information or safe advice find true verify make
; ; ; ; ;
;

keep in con-

herd

troop of

men (up
;

(' r-ji)

to eleven). sabh, INF. sabdh, sit firm

be

completed. sabdt, firmness durability perseverance proof, demon; ; ; ;

strong. sabt, firm; resolute; vering brave, hero endurance, jjerseverance


;

firm

and

sabat,
;

perseproof,

demonstration

a
,

trustworthy

man

list,

register.

stration INF. of (<-W') sibdt, string or girth for fastening;

-.M) sabsab, inf. i sit firm. (g-) sabaj, V, inf. sabj, speak or

; ; ;

200
write
sahj, sit

indistinctly

I,

inf.

suddenly

upon

pour

out

on one's toes with the buttocks on thr heels il. INF. tadiij, speak or write in;

flood of words. (3-.> sabq, sibq, jjl.

siibiiq,

what has

distinctly
full
g-y
;

XI. INF. i^hijilj,

be

been torn off. remainder (J-j) suM, sabal, small

be fat and flabby.


;

sabaj, pi. ashiij, space

the shoulders larger part indistinctness speech or writing a bird


; ;

between middle and

(yJ) saban,

of a fluid in a vessel. sabn, I, inf.

sibdn,

of
'i

stitch together, sow a put into the bosom of a

seam

and
isbdii,

carry
for

sahaja-t,

moderate; indifferent.
ishajarr, inf. ishijrni;
;

make

(^&i-), ^JsiJ'^

dress
S2than,

inf. iv. a bosom in the v. inf. carrying;

along

from fear slacken in an undertaking and not carry it out be perplexed, confused run away and fart (ass) turn
desist
; ;

tabass/iic

l.

dress

6
;

sack,

bag

bosom

subna-t, pi. in a

dress.

>^f^
(e^)

siibiit,

firmness

proof; incon-

back, retreat
(;-)

flow.

testability.

one a thing retain, prevent, turn from disappoint curse drive away ebb inf. sttbiir, perish; ruin; sabir, a, inf. sabar, burst (tumour) ii. inf. tasbir, keep one to a thing; prevent from ((^ 'f"0 III. INF. musnbara-t, sibur, persevere with diligence vi. INF. tasabur, rush against each xi. inf. isbirdr, find a other thing difficult and desist. y^ sabr, ebbing of the sea sabra-f, level ground a kind of chalk ditch, water-ditch subra-t, a heap of corn on the
sabar, v, inf. sabr, keejj
;

?W>

to

abundantly
VII. INF.

^. INF. sajj, snjr,j, flow pour out, spill


;

iiisij'Jj,

flow; be

poured

out.
e*

sM

blood flowing from a ^"i/i S sajja-t, fine garden victim or park with ponds. sajjdj, who pours out or spills much pouring heavy rain
;

torrent.
(&*=?*)>
II'

'"f<y'so/,
;

INF.

tasaj-

snj,
spilt.

flow

be
u,

poured
INF.
sajr,

out

iy^)

r'"./'"')

mix

threshing-floor. (kfi') sabat, u, inf. sabt, prevent, delay inf. sabt, sabat, swell INF. sabat, direct another's mind to a thing sabit, a, INF. sabat, be weak, slack, indolent, stupid; II. INF. tasbit, prevent weaken and relax IV. INF. isbdf, keeji in continual confinement v. inf. tasabbiit, fix one's mind continually on a

anything with the fermenting juice of a fruit ii. inf. _;^s5!^ ftisji'r, widen be weak, relaxed VII. INF. iiisijdr, break forth (water, blood) flow over copi;

ously.

fr

sajr, sajir,

sujar,

pi.

broad and thick stray troops of men,


;

/r
;

&c.

arrow with a broad head


siijra-f,
;

valley

widest part of a deepening of the ground

group.

(J^) idj'h A, INF. sajal, be fat i and flabby sy!a-f, corpu;

thing
;

hesitate.

(i3^) sabaq, i, inf. sabq, shed tears inf. sabq, iasbciq, flow fast and with masses of water pour out INF. siibuq, be full VII. INF. insibdq, break

lence.

sajhV, f. of J=^\ asml, bellied wide (pocket).


;

big-

(t^) iaj"m, A, INF. sajin (also ii.), detach easily; sajim, a, inf. sajam, be easily detached

; ; ;

orII. INF. tasjim, isjdm, rain fast

201

ously

and iv. inf. and continu-

IV. last.

ii. inf. tasdin, pass. suddin, id. yJj sadin, corpulent heavy f '
;
;

clumsy

(y=^) sajn, sajan, rugged road. (j=^) sajd, V, INF. sajw, be silent iv. inf. disperse, squander;

sadina-t, afflicted with a bodily infirmity (woman).

isjd', silence.

gj=^

saji'ij,
;

5;=S'

sajij,

water from

above
jtfr

wild mouutain-torrent. sajir, dregs, thick pressed

juice.

(jUsS)

sahsdh, night- journey for getting water. gf* sahaj, A, INF. sahj, drag along.

wA=* sahf, guts of animals, tripes. iiWi* sahdna-t, (m.) io^' saAaniyya-t, thickness and hardness ; coarseness rudeness. sahun, inf. sihan, sahdna-t, suhima-t, be thick, hard and ii. inf. tashin, make firm iv. inf. so talk rudely to ; ishdn, make thick, bard and firm ; inflict severe wounds on
;

sadd, V, INF. sadw, moisten, wet. sadi. A, INF. sad-an, be (ti"^) moistened, wetted ii. inf. tasdiya-t, feed, bring up. ^^Jij sady, sidy, sad-an, pi. J'A sidiyy, asd-in, asdi, sudiyy, breast sad-an, thiok-breastS little edness sudayya-t, breast; box with the necessaries for cleaning the bow and the arrows. VjJtf sadyd; f having large breasts
i}'^)
;

(^

(jj)

inan enemy, vanquish him weaken flict a severe defeat inf. viii. handle roughly issihdn, be weakened by wounds X. INF. istishdn, overcome. hardiif^ suMna-t, thickness
; ;

i, ti, inf. sarr, sardr, swrur, surilra-t, abound in water, milk, &c. have full udders shed much blood or rain make move the feet many words quickly inf. sarr, disI, ii. inf. tasrir, perse, divide water, irrigate. wet, moisten

sarr, a,

sarr,

ing in gaping

surur, aboundin milk, &c. talkative (wound) 5 sarra-t, heavy swift-footed


,

pi. sirdr,

water,

ness.

(jj^ saMn, thick and hard


of character.

firm

(W

siddm,
;

strainer

filtering-

shower pouring out a torrent of words (angry woman). sard', riches, wealth, abun\y dance ;=i5/ saran, earth.
;

straining-cloth. vessel (gjj) sadag, a, inf. sadg, break inf. vii. head another's
;

v'V

f*'^&> clay-pit.

j\y sarrdra-f,

(vy)

insiddg, get broken.


(jjtf)

sadaq, V, inf. sadq, be flow ; pour copious, abundant open out ; desmiss, dispatch the bowels (of a victim) insiddg, be flabby VII. INF.
; ;

overflowing well, inf. sarb, rebuke, unfall foul upon {^J^ 'ala) ii. inf. dress a sick person tasrib, rebuke, fall foul upon; iv. inf. chide fold, wrap up be very fat. isrdb, rebuke
sarab,
i,
; ; ;

S-y sarb,

pi. suritb,

rush upon {i^ 'ala). *ji sidqim, stammerer. (^Jj) sadm, having a heavy tongue,

fat of the bowels

bowels

ruin

asrub, asdrib, caul of the


;

sarb, sirdb, tail


V>/ sarbd', f. fat.
ui>V>y

sarba-t, pi. fat of the tail.

stammerer
fat
;

corpulent,

stout,

stupid. (yJi) sadin. A, INF. sadan, smell be fleshj and badly, stink
;

sarabdt, pi. fingers. (*y) surtum, pi. sardtim, remainders of food in a dish.

36

202
15/

;; ;

jV>j>

sarsdr, sarsdra-t,

garrulous garrulous woman overflowing, gushing.


i
,
;

8
;

and

fifth

letters of

a foot in

poetry. Uy sarmd',
less,

f.

of ^y^ asram, tooth,

(yy)

sarsar,
;

inf.

disperse,
;

gap-toothed.

divide be talkative, garrulous eat much mingle together ;


;

sarsara-t, garrulity.

Sjyy sursura-t, overflowing. (jy)

under-do (x.y) sarmad, inf. ' the meat, or soil it with ashes. suramit iwy sirmit, big sheep; and 5 surmuta-t, thin mud or

sarad, rr, inf. sard, break bread to dip it into the broth, dip the cloth into the &c. dye castrate by squashing the kill the victim withtesticles ii. out cutting its throat pass, be carried INF. tasrid, id. from the battle-field with broken XV. inf. isrindd', be limbs; fleshy on the chest (also is; ; ;

clay.

(Uy) sarmat, inf. 5 be muddy or composed of thin clay (ground) isrimdt, iv. chew audibly
,
;

(J-y)

be inflated (leathern pipe) be overcome and swell with anger. sarmal, inf. ', ease the
;

under-do eat meat bowels the meat, &c., or not clean it


; ; ;

rintd').

oy sard, light rain ; sarad, rent, surud, pi. of iif sarid cleft i surda-t, pieces of bread steeped mess. in broth, &c.
;
;

(ty) sarat,

i,

u,

inf.

sart,

scold,

eat in an the ashes untidy manner bungle, huddle 2 surmula-t, she-fox, fox up dimple between the upper-lip and nose remains of food or a fluid in a vessel. (yy) sarin, A, inf. saran, vex or injure friends and neighbours.

from
;

rebuke. ty sart, fluid


stupidity.
(iltji) sarfala-t, flaccidity
;

manure

paste, glue

(^^y"),
;

IV. isramiaj, inf. isrimhdj,

relaxed-

slackness. (^y) sarfam, inf. while in company

ness

be silent be exceed-

ingly

fat.

isty sirti'a-t, short and thick-set. (gy ) sari', a, inf. sard', importune, intrude.
(Ley) sur'u(, thin
(ficy)
sur'ula-t,

be roasted and dried up on the surface (skin of a sheep). (^y) sard, tj, inf. sard', be nu(n.) possess merous, multiply a greater number of cattle make numerous, sarw, INF. be lit by the multiply (a.) Pleiades and the moon as well
;

(night)

sari,

a,

inf.

saran,

and

fluid.

be rich in cattle, be wealthy rejoice have a sufficiency


; ;

feathers on the throat of a cock. (i/.VEy) sirgdma-t, woman wife.


;

IV. INF.

isrd,
;

be wealthy

be rich in cattle, ' sarwa-t, plenty

(ly)

sarim, A, inf. saram, have broken or decayed teeth, suffer from the falling out of teeth saram, i, inf. sarin, break

wealth, riches. \jy sarwd', f. of (^y^ asra, rich. y^^y sarwdn, f sa riva, very rich sarawdn, du. of (^y saran.

another's teeth rdin, cause the


;

vii. inout (illness) sirdm, have broken or decayed teeth, be gap-toothed be broken out (tooth). ff sarm, Buppression of the first
;

inf. teeth to inf.


;

6o^y sariida-t,
siirCtr,

bread to be steeped

iv.