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Bibliography American Crisis, No. 1. Photograph. Thomas Paine Friends, Inc. http://www.thomaspaine-friends.org/links.html.

This photo was of the first page of The American Crisis. I used this on my home page of the website so people would know what pamphlets Thomas Paine wrote during the American Revolution. It also allowed me know what the pamphlet actually looked like.

The American Crisis, Redux. Image. The Lexicans. http://thelexicans.wordpress.com/2012/09/26/the-american-crisis-redux/.

This is a picture of The American Crisis. It was helpful because I put this image in my website so people will know what the pamphlet looked like. It also helped in creating my project because the image went well with what I was talking about.

American Flag. Photograph. Why We Fly Our Flag. http://aflags.blogspot.com/2012/06/american-flag.html.

This is a picture of the American flag. It is important to my website because it demonstrates the freedom of our country which Thomas Paine helped us gain. It shows the long term impact Thomas Paine caused and made my project visually appealing.

Benjamin Franklin. Illustration. The History Junkie. http://thehistoryjunkie.com/benjamin-franklin-facts/.

This is a painting of Benjamin Franklin. I used this in my website when I described how Franklin met Paine in London and wrote him a letter of recommendation. It helped my project because it embellished my website and allows people to know what Ben Franklin looked like.

Boston Massacre. Photograph. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boston_Massacre.

This is a picture of the Boston Massacre. It shows just how angry the colonists were. I used this primary source in the slideshow on my website. It aided me in creating my project because it allowed me to create a slideshow and gave people a visual representation of what the Boston Massacre was.

Boston Tea Party. Illustration. What I See, What I Feel, What Id like to See. http://toddlohenry.com/2012/12/16/american-minute-for-december-16th-the-boston-teaparty/.

This is an illustration of angry colonists dumping tea off a British ship. I used this in my slideshow to show how angry the colonists were and represent the Boston Tea Party. It helped me when creating my project because I got a sense of just how angry the colonists were.

A cartoon depicting the Intolerable Acts. Illustration. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intolerable_Acts.

This is a cartoon depicting the Intolerable Acts as an assault upon a Native American woman. I used this illustration in my slideshow when it comes to the Intolerable Acts. This picture also shows how upset the colonists were, hence the name Intolerable Acts. It also made my website visually appealing.

Chicago Tribune. http://articles.chicagotribune.com/2011-12-09/entertainment/sc-ent1207-books-change-thomas-paine-20111209_1_common-sense-jack-fruchtman-thomaspaine.

This website was actually a book review on Common Sense. It did have one paragraph, though, that explained how Common Sense was a turning point in that time period. This helped me in writing the impact that this pamphlet had on the revolution. It also had a quote by Jack Fruchtman Jr., (author of Thomas Paine: Apostle of Freedom) that I used on my website.

Common Sense. Image. Krikor Tersakian. http://www.ktersakian.com/2012/02/thomaspaine-creator-of-usa-brand.html.

This is a picture of Common Sense. It was helpful to me because I could put the image on my website so people would know what it looked like. It impacts my website visually and demonstrates use of pictures in my project.

Common Sense. Teaching American History. http://teachingamericanhistory.org/library/index.asp?document=38.

This is the actual writing of Common Sense. It is impossible to fully understand the importance of this pamphlet without actually reading it, so that is why this source was so important. I was able to see how it had such a big impact on the influence of peoples opinion. This primary source was essential research and helped me complete my project. It also allowed me to quote sentences from Common Sense.

Crossing the Delaware. Illustration. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Washington_Crossing_the_Delaware_by_Emanuel_Leu tze,_MMA-NYC,_1851.jpg.

This is the famous illustration of Washington crossing the Delaware River. This drawing helped my project because people will see how The American Crisis gave the Americans the will to fight. Im put this picture on my website because it depicts the famous crossing and shows the impact of The American Crisis.

Farnsworth, Clyde H. PAINE IS HONORED BY BRITISH TOWN. The New York Times, June 8, 1964, 7.

This section in the New York Times was about honoring Thomas Paine. What I really benefitted from was a sentence by the author which stated, the man whose writings helped set the stage for the American Revolution This shows what a turning point Paines writings were. I quoted this on my website.

The First Edition of the Declaratory Act 1766. Photograph. The Manhattan Rare Book Company. http://www.manhattanrarebooks-history.com/declaratory_act.htm.

This is a picture of the first page of the Declaratory Acts. I used it on my website in my slideshow for the time period Thomas Paine came to America. It will help people understand that the acts being passed by Parliament were angering colonists and they werent sure how to respond to all the acts that were passed.

First Edition of the Sugar Act. Photograph. Revolutionary War and Beyond. http://www.revolutionary-war-and-beyond.com/sugar-act.html.

This is a picture of the Sugar Act. I used this on my slideshow for the time period preceding Thomas Paine and his revolutionary pamphlets. It is helpful to my project because it makes it visually appealing but it also demonstrates how the time period influenced Paine to write Common Sense and The American Crisis.

Fruchtman, Jack, Jr. Thomas Paine: Apostle of Freedom. New York, NY: Four Walls Eight Windows, 1994.

This book was very helpful in creating my project. It gave me good information on why Common Sense was so successful, and I quoted what Fruchtman said about it. I learned why the pamphlet was so successful, and I included it in my website. It also had good information on The American Crisis. It gave me insight on what an impact it had on Washingtons troops when it was read to them. This book helped me learn why the pamphlets helped the Americans win the Revolutionary War, and why they are a turning point in history.

Hamilton Waxman, Laura. A Story about Thomas Paine. N.p.: Carolrhoda Books, n.d.

This book was a biography on Thomas Paines life. It provided me with good information on Common Sense and The American Crisis. I learned who was affected by Paines pamphlets and how it affected the American Revolution. It explained what purpose Common Sense and The

American Crisis served and what short term impacts and long term impacts they caused. I also learned how Paine got to America and I included that in my website. This book really helped me while creating my project.

Independence Hall Association. The Boston Massacre. The Boston Masacre. http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/massacre.htm.

This website had information on the Boston Massacre. I learned that the colonists and British got into a fight and some were killed. It was an event that led up to the writing of Paines pamphlets and the Revolutionary War. It was an important step in the American Revolution. I quoted a few things the website said and included it in my slideshow on the time period.

. Common Sense by Thomas Paine. Thomas Paine. http://www.ushistory.org/paine/commonsense/.

This secondary source did not have lots of information, but it did have vital information. I learned that Common Sense was the first work to ask for open independence from Britain. I included this when creating my website when I talked about the impact Common Sense had. This source helped me in understanding the influence of this pamphlet.

. The Crisis. US History. http://www.ushistory.org/paine/crisis/c-01.htm.

This is the actual document of the first essay of The American Crisis. Its essential to me so I can completely understand the impact of this pamphlet. I could then understand why it boosted the morale of Washingtons soldiers. I was able to read the pamphlet that encouraged the Patriots to continue fighting, and created a turning point. This source also made it possible for me to quote The American Crisis.

. The Crisis by Thomas Paine. US History. http://www.ushistory.org/paine/crisis/index.htm.

This website was a brief summary on The American Crisis, which was another pamphlet written by Paine during the revolution. It gave me information on what Paine was writing about throughout the series of essays. I also learned he the first essay was read to Washington and his troops at Valley Forge. I used this information when I wrote about this pamphlet in my website.

. The Declaratory Act. US History. http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/declaratory.htm.

This website provided me with information on the Declaratory Act. This was another act passed by Parliament which gave them the right to tax and make decisions for the colonies in all situations. It was an act leading up to Paine writing his pamphlets. I used this information when creating my slideshow on the time period.

. The Intolerable Acts. US History. http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/intolerable.htm.

I learned a few things about the Intolerable Acts. They were passed by Parliament and really angered the colonists. I specifically learned that they led up to the American Revolution and occurred before Paine wrote his revolutionary pamphlets. I used the information this source gave me by putting it in the slideshow on my website.

. Proclamation of 1763. US History. http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/proc63.htm.

This website provided me with information on the Proclamation of 1763. I learned it was an event leading up to the American Revolution and was one of the first things that Britain did to make the colonists mad. I quoted a few things the website said on my slideshow about the time period leading up to Paine arriving in the colonies.

. The Stamp Act. US History. http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/stampact.htm.

I learned form this website that the Stamp Act was yet another law passed by Parliament leading up to the American Revolution. It was passed to tax most all printed materials. I used the information it gave me to write about the Stamp Act in my slideshow.

. The Sugar Act. US History. http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/sugaract.htm.

This website provided me with information on the Sugar Act. It was one of the events leading up to the American Revolution that made colonists angry. It taxed the importation of molasses. I quoted some things from this website in my slideshow about the time period leading up to Paine coming to the colonies.

. The Tea Act. US History. http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/teaact.htm.

This website gave me information on the Tea Act. It was another act passed by Parliament that gave them control over tea sold in the colonies. It made the colonists very angry and it set the stage for Paine to write his pamphlets saying America should part from Britain. I quoted a couple sentences from this website on my project.

. The Tea Act and Tea Parties. US History. http://www.ushistory.org/us/9f.asp.

This website furthered my understanding on the Boston Tea Party. I learned it was because colonists were upset with the acts being passed by Parliament, particularly the Tea Act. It was an event leading up to Paines pamphlets. I quoted some things from this website and used it on my slideshow.

. Thomas Paine. US History. http://www.ushistory.org/paine/.

This website had a good biography on Thomas Paine. I benefitted from reading this because now I have a firm understanding on his life. I also quoted a few sentences from this website when I

wrote about Paines life. It provided me with crucial information such as when and where he was born and all of the pamphlets he wrote throughout his lifetime. This website supplied me with facts that I based my Thomas Paine biography on.

. Timeline of the Revolutionary War. US History. http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/revwartimeline.htm.

This website helped me so much in understanding the events of the American Revolution. It provided me with each event leading up to the Revolution and it gave me the dates of all of them so I was able to figure out when Thomas Paine came into play. I used it to help me create a slideshow of events leading up to Thomas Paine coming to America. I was able to thoroughly recognize why Paines pamphlets were such a turning point after using this source.

. The Townshend Revenue Act. US History. http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/townshend.htm.

This website provided me with information on the Townshend Acts. I learned it taxed goods before they were brought into the colonies. I used this information on my slideshow about the time period of Thomas Paines revolutionary pamphlets.

Jan 9, 1776: Thomas Paine Publishes Common Sense. History. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/thomas-paine-publishes-common-sense.

This website provided me with general information about Common Sense as well as Thomas Paine. It also told me a little bit about pamphlets. I learned Common Sense had the short term effect of influencing peoples opinion about parting with Britain. I used these facts in my writing on my website.

Lepore, Jill. A World of Paine. In Revolutionary Founders, edited by Alfred F. Young, Gary B. Nash, and Ray Raphael.

Out of this book, I read only the chapter on Thomas Paine. I used some of the writing as quotes on my website because it was very powerful. I learned Common Sense made declaring independence possible. This was very helpful when I talked about the impact it made. This book also gave me good information on The American Crisis. It told me it was Paines chief contribution to the war. I learned how Paines works influenced many.

Lesser, Ron. Thomas Paine. Illustration. Paths of History Art Publisher. http://www.pathsofhistory.com/artprints.asp?p=edition&ref=FFPaine01.

This is a portrait of Thomas Paine. It is important to my project because I was able to embellish the conclusion page on my website with this picture of Paine. People will also know what he looked like. This picture is important to my project because it gives my website a visual impact along with showing people what Paine looked like so they wont have to guess.

Making History: Thomas Paine. WORLDbytes. Video file. http://www.worldbytes.org/making-history-thomas-paine/.

This video was very helpful to me because it taught me about Thomas Paines life as well as how Common Sense had a short term effect on society. I used a clip of this video when talking about how Ben Franklin met with Paine and wrote him a letter of recommendation. I used another clip when explaining how Common Sense had a short term effect on influencing peoples opinion.

Mightier than the Sword - the Impact of the Ideas of Thomas Paine on the American Revolution. In Defense of Marxism. http://www.marxist.com/thomas-paine-americanrevolution.htm.

I learned from this website how Common Sense dramatically changed peoples view towards parting from Britain. I wrote about this in my project. This website was also helpful to me because it told me how The American Crisis turned the war around. I learned how if affected American soldiers and boosted the hopes of all Patriots. I quoted a sentence from this website on my project when writing about the impact of The Crisis.

Portrait of Thomas Paine by Matthew Pratt, 1785-1795. Illustration. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Paine.

This is a portrait of Thomas Paine. I used this in my website when I write about Thomas Paine. It is helpful to me because people will know what he looked liked. It also makes my website visually appealing.

Proclamation of 1763. Photograph. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Royal_Proclamation_of_1763.

This is a picture of the Proclamation of 1763 and what land the colonists got. I used this in my slideshow on my website. It is important to my project because it shows what acts Parliament was passing that angered the colonists. People will then be able to understand why Paines pamphlets had such an impact.

The Samp Act. Photograph. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stamp_Act_1765.

This is a picture of how the colonists reacted to the Stamp Act in newspapers. Im used this picture in my slideshow. Its an important attribute to my project because it shows an event leading up to Thomas Paines pamphlets. It allows people to understand why colonists were getting upset with Britain and how Common Sense and The American Crisis influenced their opinion in dealing with Britain.

The Tea Act. Photograph. Boston Tea Party. http://www.bostonteapartyship.com/the-teaact.

This picture goes along with the idea of the Tea Act. It is a picture of ships delivering tea. I used this in my slideshow. Its important to my project because it has a visual impact and it also demonstrates how the time period influenced Thomas Paine and made him want the colonies to rebel against Britain.

Thomas Paine. encyclopedia.com. http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Thomas_Paine.aspx.

This secondary source provided me with good information on Thomas Paine and his works during the American Revolution. It was basically a biography on his life which paid special attention to his role in the Revolution. It taught me what impact his pamphlets caused. The essential facts I learned from this website were included in my project.

Thomas Paine. Illustration. Bio. True Story. http://www.biography.com/people/thomaspaine-9431951.

This is an illustration of Thomas Paine. I used this photo on the home page on my website. It was helpful to me when creating my project because it makes my website visually appealing as well as providing me with what Paine looked like.

Thomas Paine. Illustration. Wikipedia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thomas_Paine.

This is a primary source illustration of Thomas Paine. I used this picture in my website because it goes along well with what I was talking about and it keeps people interested by giving them a picture to look at. It was an important picture to have in my website.

Thomas Paine. Illustration. Lawrence Public Library. http://www.lawrence.lib.ks.us/news-events/events/great-books-discussion-group-7/.

This is a picture of Thomas Paine. It was helpful to me because I put it in my website and people will know what Paine looked like. It is important to my project because it keeps people interested by making my website visually appealing.

Thomas Paine. Illustration. Libraryland. http://libraryland.tumblr.com/post/597446780/thomas-paine-the-greatest-pamphleteer-inhistory.

I put this illustration of Thomas Paine in my website so people will know when he arrived in America. It shows that the reason Thomas Paines pamphlets were a turning point is because they were during the American Revolution and they urged colonists to rebel against Britain.

Thomas Paine. Illustration. Moonstone Arts Center. http://www.moonstoneartscenter.org/category/thomas-paine/.

This is an illustration of Thomas Paine. It went well with what I was describing about Common Sense because Paine is holding up a piece of paper. It was an important piece in my project because it demonstrates the significance of Thomas Paine through a picture.

Thomas Paine. biography. bio. true story. http://www.biography.com/people/thomaspaine-9431951.

This website was a biography on Thomas Paines life. What I really benefited from, though, was the couple paragraphs it had on Common Sense. I learned how it led to forcing the issue on the streets. This was an impact of Common Sense that I incorporated in my website. I used the information this source gave me when I created my project.

Thomas Paine - Common Sense. Photograph. American History Documents. http://www.indiana.edu/~liblilly/history/common-sense-larger.html.

This is a picture of the first page of Common Sense. I used this photo on the home page of my website so people would know what pamphlets Thomas Paine wrote during the Revolutionary War.

Thomas Paine in the American Revolution. Shmoop. http://www.shmoop.com/american-revolution/thomas-paine.html.

This website provided great information on Common Sense. It helped me understand what a major impact this pamphlet had on the American Revolution. It helped me when I wrote about Common Sense in my project. I could refer to this website for solid facts.

Thomas Paine publishes American Crisis. History. http://www.history.com/this-day-inhistory/thomas-paine-publishes-american-crisis.

This website gave me information on The American Crisis. I learned it was a pamphlet series written during the American Revolution by Thomas Paine. It was written to encourage the Americans to keep fighting and it gave the Patriots confidence. I used this information when I wrote about The American Crisis in my website.

Thomas Paine Quotes. BrainyQuote. http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/t/thomas_paine.html.

This website was full of quotes by Thomas Paine. It was helpful to me because I had a wide variety of quotes to chose from to put in my website. Not only that, but I could really get to see what kind of person Thomas Paine was. His quotes opened my eyes to what he thought like and the ideas he had.

Thomas Paines Common Sense. Archiving Early America. http://www.earlyamerica.com/earlyamerica/milestones/commonsense/.

This secondary source website was a brief summary on Common Sense. It provided me with a short term effect: it sparked an American Revolution. It gave me reasons this pamphlet was written and told me how it impacted colonists. I gained essential information that I used in my website.

Thomas Paine, 1737-1809. The History Guide. http://www.historyguide.org/intellect/paine.html.

This website was a biography on Thomas Paines life. It had details specifically on what he thought about the American Revolution. This website helped me when I wrote about Thomas Paine in my website. I also learned a little bit about Common Sense and The American Crisis. I used this when I wrote a summary on Paines life in my website.

Thomas Paines Influence on the American Revolution. The Connecticut Society of the Sons of the American Revolution. http://www.connecticutsar.org/patriots/paine_thomas.htm.

This website was helpful to me because I learned Thomas Paines influence on the American Revolution. I also learned what Paine said about his pamphlet, Common Sense, and I could quote that in my writing. I learned why Paine wrote Common Sense and The American Crisis. The information this source provided me helped me write about the impact of both pamphlets in my website.

Thomas Paines Pamphlet Age of Reason. Photograph. Religion and the Founding of the American Republic. http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/religion/rel07.html.

This is a picture of Thomas Paines pamphlet, Age of Reason. I used this on my website to show all of the pamphlets Paine wrote. It helped me when I was creating my project because I learned Paine wrote more than just his two pamphlets during the American Revolution.

Thomas Paines Rights of a Man. Photograph. Moonstone Arts Center. http://www.moonstoneartscenter.org/category/thomas-paine/.

This is a picture of Thomas Paines pamphlet, Rights of Man. I used this picture on my website to show all the pamphlets Paine wrote. It was important because it made my website visually appealing and showed that Paine was a skilled pamphleteer and writer.

The Townshend Act in Parliament. Photograph. US History. http://www.ushistory.org/us/9d.asp.

This is a picture of the Townshend Acts being discussed in Parliament. I used this picture on my website in a slideshow. It helped me create my website because it was added to my slideshow which tells about the time period leading up to Paine writing Common Sense and The American Crisis.

Trumbull, John. Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776. Illustration. US History. http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/trumbull.htm.

This is a painting of the signing of the Declaration of Independence. It is an important aspect of my website because it shows how Paines pamphlets were a short term effect because they brought about the writing and signing of the Declaration of Independence.