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IS 13947

( Part 3 ) : 1993

IEC Pub 947-3 ( 1990 ) [ Superseding IS 4064 ( Parts 1 and 2 ) ]

( Reaffirmed 2004 )

SPECIFICATION FOR LOW-VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR CONTROLGEAR


PART 3 SWITCHES, DISCONNdCTORS, FUSE SWISCH UNITS COMBINATION * k

AN,D
AND

DISCONNECTORS

( Second Reprint MAY 1997 )

UDC

621316542064241

: 621316923

@IBIS 1993
0F INDIAN
9 NEW BAYADUR DELHI

AJREI~:~
MANAK

STANDARDS
SHAH 110002 Price Group 14 ZAFAR MARG

BH;PVAN

June 1993

IS 13947 ( Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947-3 ( 1990)

Indian

Standard
AND
AND

SPECIFICATION FOR LOW-VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR CONTROLGEAR


PART 3 SWITCHES, DISCONNECTORS. FUSE NATIONAL This Indian FOREWORD COMBINATION SWITCH UNITS

DISCONNECTORS

Standard ( Part 3 ) which is identical with IEC Pub 947-3 ( 1990 ) is one in the series of standards on LV switchgear equipment covering requirements for switches and their family of items together with fuse combination units. This standard shall be read in conjunctron with Part 1 of this standard covering general requirements. The text of the IEC Standard has been considered and approved by ET 07, Low Voltage Switchgear and Controlgear Sectional Committee of BIS, as suitable for publication as Indian Standard, superseding the contents of IS 4064 ( Parts 1 and 2 ). With reference to the definitions contained in 2.5 and 2.6 ,>f this standard, it is stated that the terms Switchfuse and Fuseswitch have been defined in these clauses due ta these terms being in vogue though however no distinction is being made in so far as requirements and tests for compliance are concerned. CROSS REFERENCE International Standards are referred Indian IS 1885 Nil ) IS 12032 ( Part 7 ) to. Read in their

In this Indian Standard the following respective place the following: International Standard (1984) ) ( IEC )

Standard ( Part 17 )

50 (441) 417 617-7 ( 1973 ( 1983

In the case of IEC Pub 417, noting Technical Committee responsible conjunction with this standard.

that Indian Standard identical to this is under print, the for this standard has decided that it is acceptable for use in

As in the Original Standard, this Page is Intentionally Left Blank

IS 13947 ( Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990 ) CONTENTS

Page

Clause 1.

General 1.1 1.2

. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . & .$ . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . , , 1.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .._.........................

5 5 6 6 9 9

Scope Object

2. 3. 4.

Definitions Classification Characteristics 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9

............................... Summary of characteristics ....................................... Type of equipment Rated and limiting values for the main circuit ....................................... Utilization category .......................................... Control circuits ......................................... Auxiliary circuits ...................................... Relays and releases ................................................... Vacant ................................... Switching overvoltages information ............................................

1:

.............

10 12 :z 14 i4 14 14 14 14

5.

Product 5.1 5.2 5.3

..................................... Nature of information .................................................. Marking Instructions for installation, operation

and

maintenance

...

15

6. 7.

Normal

service,

mounting, and

and

transport requirements

condi. tions

. . . . . . . . . . . .

15 16 16

Constructional 7.1 7.2

performance requirements requirements

..................
..................

Constructional Performance 7.2.1 7.2.2 7.2.3 7.2,4 7.2.5 7.2.6 7.2; 7

. . . . . . . . . .. .....................

). ..........

17 17 17 17

......... ., ..................... Operating conditions .................................. Temperature-rise ............................... Dielectr+ic properties Ability, to make and break under no-load, ....................... load and overload conditions

normal
17 20 21 21

break or withstand short-circuit Abilit$: to make, .......................................... currenlts ............................ Switching overvoltages Additional performance requirements for equipment ............................... suitable for isolation

IS 13947 (Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 i 1990 )


Clause
Page

8.

Tests 8.1 8.2 8.3

......................................................... Kinds Type Type 8.3.1 8.3.2 8.3.3 8.3.4 8.3.5 8.3.6 of tests tests for tests for ........................................... constructional requirements ............................... performance ................

21 21 21 25 25 25 26 32 35 40 42 43,

.................................... Test sequences ............................ General test conditions performance characterTest sequence I: General istics .............................................. Test sequence I I i Operational performance capability ......................................... Short-circuit performance Test sequence Ill: capability ......................................... Test sequence IV: Conditional short-circuit current ........................................... tests tests ............................................ ... :+. ......... :f ........................... j Y,,

8.4 8.5

Routine Special

APPENDIX APPENDIX APPENDIX

- Equipment

for and

direct

switching

of

a single

motor

.....

44 52

B - Clearances

creepage

distances

................... manufacturer

C - Items subject to agreement between and user ............................................

54

TABLES I. II. III. Summary Utilization of equipment definitions ............................ 8 13 to the 18

categories

........................................

Verification of rated making and breaking capacities Conditions for making and breaking corresponding ................................. various utilization categories

IV. V. VI. VII. VIII IX.

Verification of operational performance - Number of operating ........ cycles corresponding to the rated operational current Test circuit test parameters force tests for Table IV .........................

19 20 22

Actuator List

........................................... applicable to a given equipment ...........

of type

24 25

Overall Test

scheme sequence

of test

sequences

............................ characteristics .......

I : General

performance

27

X.

Dielectric voltage Test Test

tegt voltage corresponding to the rated insulation . . . .. . . . . .. . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . I I : Operational 1I I : Short-circuit performance performance capability capability . . . . . , . . . . . . . ..

29 33 36

Xl. XII.

seque,qce sequeice

XIII.

Test

sequence

IV:

Conditional

short-circuit

current

.. . . . . ., . . .

41

IS 13947 (Part 3) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990 )

General The provisions blication 947-l)


called the e.g., for. general Clauses rules

of are
thus 1.2.3

the general applicable


and sub-clauses, applicable of Part

rules dealt with to this standard,


tables, are 1, identified Table figures by

in

Part

(IEC

Puof 1,

where specifically and appendices reference to Part

Sub-clause

IV

of

Part

1,

or

Appendix

of

Part

1.

Il. 1

Scope This standard applies tors and fuse-combination


motor or circuits V d.c. of which 1 500

4
to
the

swi&hes, units to be
rated

disconnktors, switch-disconnecused in distribution circuits


does not exceed 1 000 V

voltage

and a.c.

The manufacturer shall according to the relevant

specify standard

the of

type, ratings and characteristics any incorporated fuses.

This standard does not apply to equipment coming within the scope of IEC Publications 947-2, 947-4-l and 947-5-1; however, when into the scope of this units coming switches and fuse-combination accelerate and/or stop an indistandard are normally used to start, vidual motor they shall also comply with the additional requirements given in Appendix A.

for

This standard does electrical apparatus

not include the for explosive

additional requirements gas atmospheres.

necessary

No tcs

l.-

can be Depending on its design, a switch (or disconnector) referred to as "a rotary switch (disconnector)", "cam"knife--switch (disconnecoperated switch (disconnector)", for)", etc. If they are not manually nectors may have to comply operated, switches and disconwith additional requirements.

2.-

3.-

In this standard, the word "switch" also applies to the apparatus'referred to in French as "commutateurs", intended ! to modify the connections between several circuits and inter al.ta to substitute a part of a circuit for another. i general,

4.-

In
tors,

throughout

this

standard and

switches,

disconnecunits

switch-disconnectors

fuse-combination

be referred

to as "equipment".

will .

IS 13947(Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) 1.2 Object The a) 6) the object of this standard of the with which is to state:

characteristics

equipment; the equipment shall comply with refer-

the conditions ence to: 1) 2) 3) operation operation conditions, dielectric

and and e.g.

behaviour

in

normal

service; case of specified abnormal

behaviour in short circuit;

properties; these these conditions tests; have been met and

c)

the the

tests for confirming that methods to be adopted for be

d)

the information to by the manufactur4r,

marked on the equipment e.g. inphe catalogue.


.,

or

made

available

* I,. 2. Definitions For the standard, majority of the see Clause 2 of definitions Part 1.

required

in

connection

with

this

Necessary additional with pertinent device summarised in Table I. 2.1 Switch (mechanical)

definitions definitions.

are given in The device

this clause definitions

together are also

(IEV

441-14-10)

device capable of making, carrying and A mechanical switching breaking currents under normal circuit conditions which may include also carrying for a overload conditions and specified operating specified time currents under specified abnormal circuit conditions such as those of short-circuit.

Note.-

A switch may be circuit currents.

capable

of

making,

but

not

breaking,

short-

2.2

Disconnector A with
Notes

mechanical switching device which, in the the requirements specified for the- isolating l.-

open position, function.

complies

This definition differs from IEV 441-14-05 by referring I isolating function instead of isolating distance.

to

2..-, A disconnector is capable of opening and closing a circuit when either a negligible current is broken or made, or when i no significant change in the voltage across the terminals of each of the poles of the disconnector occurs. It is also concurrents under normal circuit of carrying capable ditions and carrying for a specified time currents under' abnormal conditions such as those of short circuit.

IS13947(Part3):1993 IEC Pub947-3(1990)


2.3 Switch-disconnector A switch requiremer,ts 2.4 Fuse-combination which, specified unit (IEV 441-74-72) satisfies the isolating

in the open position, for a disconnector. (IEV 441- 14-04)

A combination of a mechanical switching fuses in a composite unit, assembled by the ance with his instructions.
Note.-

device and manufacturer

one or more or in accord-

(Not included fuse switching Table I). (IEV

in IEV 441-14-04). devices (see also

This is a Sub-clauses

general 2.5 to

term 2.10

for and

2.5

Switch-fuse

441-14-14) one or more poles have a fuse in series in a

A switch in composite unit. 2.6 Fuse-switch A switch the moving 2.7

which

(IEV in which contact.

441-14-17) a fuse-linkior

&

.# a fuse-carrier with fuse-link forms

Disconnector-fuse A disconnector composite unit.

[IEV in which

441-14-15) one or more poles have a fuse in series in a.

2.8

Fuse-disconnector A disconnector forms the moving

(IEV

441-14-18) a fuse-link or fuse-carrier with fuse-link

in which contact.

2.9

Switch-disconnector-fuse A switch-disconnector series in a composite

(IEV in unit. (IEV

441-14-16) one or more poles have a fuse in

which

2.10

Fuse-switch-disconnector

441-14-19) a fuse-link or a fuse-carrier with

A switch-disconnector in which fuse-link forms the moving contact.

2.11

Dependent manual (IEV 441-16-13) An operation solely that the speed and action of the operator.

operation

(of

a mechanical

switching

device)

by means of force of the

directly applied operation are

manual energy such dependent upon the

2.12

Independent (IEV 441.-16-

manualr 16)

operation

(of

a mechanical

switching

device)

A stored energy speration where the energy originates from manual stored and released in one continuous operation , such that the power, speed and force of the operation are independent of the action of the operator. .

IS 13947( Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) 2.13 Semi-independent manual operation

An operation solely by means of directly applied manual energy such that the manual force is increased up to a threshold value beyond which the independent switching operation is achieved unless deliberately delayed by the operator.

2.14

Stored energy (IEV 441-16-15)

operation

(of

a mechanical

switching

device)

An operation by means to the completion of the predetermined conditions. Note.-This kind 1. 2. 3.

of energy operation

stored in the and sufficient

mechanism itself to complete it

prior under

of operation

may be subdivided the energy (manual, the

according

to: etc.);

the manner

of storing

(spring,

weight, etc.);

the origit&f

the eneygy releasing

electric, energy

the mannqr,, of etc.).

(manual,

electric,

TABLE Summary of equipment

I definitions

Function Making and breaking current Isolating Making, breaking and isolating

&itch

Disconnector

Switch disconnector 2.3

2.1

2.2

--C-

--C-

-A-

Fuse-combination

unit

2.4

Switch-fuse

Disconnector-fuse

Switchdisconnector-fuse

2.5

2.7

2.9

.+-:'

-E/L'

-ELLJ

E
Fuse-switch Fuse-disconnector Fuse-switch disconnector

.6
; 2.6 2.8

2.10

-J&L--

-&-

IS 13947(Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990)


No fes

l.-

The fuse may be on either position between the contacts

side of or in a of the equipment.

stationary

i.-

All equipment

may be single-break

or multi-break.

3.-

Numbers are definitions. Symbols

sub-clause

references

of

the

relevant

4.-

are based

on IEC Publication

617-7,

3. 3.1

Classification According See to the utilization 4.4. the method of ope&ion (s%e (see of ma&ally Sub-clause2.11); Sub-clause (see closing 2.12); 2.13). different from the operated equipment category

Sub-clause to

3.2

According dependent

manual manual

operation operation

independent semi.-independent
Note. -

manual

operation on

Sub-clause may be

The method of operation method for opening. to suitability for isolation 7.1.6.1); for isolation. degree 7.1.11 of of for

3.3

According

isolation (see Sub-clause 7.1.6 of Part 1 and

suitable Sub-clause not 3.4 suitable

According See

to the

protection Part 1.

provided

Sub-clause

4. 4.1

Characteristics Summary of characteristics of the equipment shall be stated in terms of the

The characteristics following as applicable: type rated of equipment limiting

(Sub-clause values for

4.2); the main circuit (Sub-clause 4.3).

and

utilization control auxiliary switching

category circuits circuits

(Sub-clause 4.5);

4.4);

(SCb-clause (Sub-clause

4.6)

; 4.9).

overvoltages

(Sub-clause

IS 13947 (Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990 ) 4.2 Type The 4.2.1 4.2.2 of equipment shall poles be stated:

following of

Number Kind Kind phases of

current (a.c. or frequency. d.c.) and, in the case of a.c., number of

of current and rated

4.2.3

Number of positions (if more than two) Rated and limiting

of

the

main

contacts

4.3

values

for

the

main

circuit They but shall be stated it may not be

Rated values are assigned by the manufacturer. in accordance with Sub-clauses 4.3.1 to 4.3.6.4 necessary to establishall the rate$ values listed. , 4.3.1 Rated An 4.3.1 .1 voltages is defined by the (Ue) 1 applies. (Ui) 1 applies. voltage ((limp) following rated
Y.,

equipment Rated

voltages:

operational 4.3.1 insulation 4.3.1.2. impulse 4.3.1.3. .l.

voltage of Part

Sub-clause 4.3.1 .2 Rated

voltage of Fart

Sub-clause 4.3.1.3 Rated Sub-clause 4.3.2 Currents An 4.3.2.1 equipment

withstand of Part

1 applies.

is defined free of air

by

the

following current

currents: (IthI

Conventional Sub-clause 4.3.2.1

thermal

Part

1 applies. thermaL current (Ithe)

4.3.2.2

Conventional Sub-clause 4.3.2.2

enclosed of Part

1 applies. (I,] 1 applies. (lu) (or rated operational powers)

4.3..2.3

Rated Sub-claljse L

operational 4.3.2.3 uninterrupted 4.3.2.4

currents of Part

4.3.2.4

Rated Sub-clause

current of Part

1 applies.

IS 13947( Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) 4.3.3 Rated

frequency
4.3.3 of Part 1 applies.

Sub-clause 4.3.4 Rated The duty

rated

duties

considered

as

normal

are

as follows:

4.3.4.1

Eight-hour Sub-clause

duty 4.3.4.1 of duty of Part 1 applies. characteristics Part 1 applies.

4.3.4.2

Uninterrupted Sub-clause 4.3.4.2 load and

4.3.5

Normal

overload

*I*
4.3.5.1 Ability to withstand motor F$+tching

.$
overload currents

See 4.3.5.2

Appendix Rated

A. capacity of Part 1 applies with the following additions:

making 4.3.5.2

Sub-clause

is stated by reference The rated making capacity operational voltage and rated operational current and to category according to Table Ill, Sub-clause 7.2.4.1.
Note. -

to the

the rated utilization

In the case of disconnectors having a making capacity, although they are of utilization category AC-20 or DC-20, this value may be stated separately by the manufacturer together with the relevant test parameters.

4.3.5.3

Rated Sub-clause

breaking 4.3.5.3

capacity of Part 1 applies with the following additions :

The rated breaking capacity is stated by reference operational voltage and rated operational current and to category according to Table III, Sub-clause 7.2.4.1. Note.-

to the

the rated utilization

having a breaking capacity, In the case 'of disconnectors although they are of utilization category AC-20 or DC-20, this together value may be_,stated separately by the manufacturer with the relev nt test parameters. i

11

IS 13947(Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) 4.3.6 4.3.6.1 Short-circuit Rated characteristics withstand current (loI

short-time

The rated short-time withstand current of a switch, a disconnector or a switch-disconnector is the value of short-time withstand current, that the equipment can carry without assigned by the manufacturer, any damage under the test conditions of Sub-clause 8.3.5.1.

The value of the rated short-time withstand current shall be not less than twelve times the maximum rated operational current and, unless otherwise stated by the manufacturer, the duration of the current shall be 1 s. the value of the current is the r.m.s. value of For a.c., component and it is assumed that the highest peak value occur does not exceed n times this r.m.s. value, the factor given by Table XVI of @t-t 1. 4 the a.c. likely to n being

4.3.6.2

Rated

short-circuit

making

capacity

(I

cm

The rated short-circuit making capacity of a switch or a switchdisconnector is the value of short-circuit making capacity assigned to the equipment by the manufacturer for the rated operational voltage, at rated frequency (if any) and at a specified power-factor (or timeconstant). It is expressed as the maximum prospective peak current.

For a.c., current and Part 1. 4.3.6.3 4.3.6.4 Vacant Rated Sub-clause 4.4 iJ tilization The given

the relationship r.m.s. current

between shall be

power-factor, in accordance

prospective with Table

peak XVI

conditional 4.3.6.4 category

-short-circuit of Part

current

1 applies.

utilization in Table

categories II.

define

the

intended

applications

and

are

by the values of the Each utilization category is characterized expressed as multiples of the rated operational currents and voltages, as well as the power-factors current and the rated operational voltage, The conditions for making and or time-constants of the circuit. breaking given in Table III correspond in principle to the applications listed in Table II. t1 or or The desihation of utilization categories B according to whether the intended infrequent operations (see Table IV). is completed applications by the require
l

suffix A frequent

12

IS 13947 ( Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990 ) B are appropriate for devices Utilization categories with suffix are only intended for infrequent which, due to design or application, operation. This could apply, for example, to disconnectors normally only operated to provide isolation for maintenance work or switching devices where the fuse-link blade forms the moving contact.

TABLE Utilization

II categories

Utilization Nature of current Frequent operation AC-ZOA( *

category Infrequent operation Typical applications

I AC-203~.*
AC-Zlfj #,,

Connecting and disconnecting und& no-load conditions Switching including of resistive loads moderate overloads

AC-21A Alternating current

AC-22A

AC-22B

Switching of mixed resistive and inductive loads, including moderate overloads Switching of other highly motor loads or inductive loads

AC-23A

AC-23B

DC-2OA( *

DC-2OB( * 1

. Connecting and disconnecting under no-load conditions

DC-21A Direct current

DC-21B

. -

Switching including

of resistive loads moderate overloads

DC-22A

DC-22B

Switching of mixed resistive and inductive loads, including moderate overloads (e.g. shunt motors) Switching of highly series loads (e.g. inductive motors I

DC-23A

DC-23B

t*)

The use of these United States of

utilization America.

categories

is

not

permitted

in

the

Category AC-23 includes occasional switching of individual The switching of capacitors or of tungsten filament lamps subject to agreement between manufacturer and user.

motors. shall be

referred to in Tables II and III do not The utilization categories apply to an equipment normally used to start, accelerate and/or stop individual motors. The utilization categories for such an equipment are dealt with in Appendix A. 4.5 Control circuits 4.5 circuits 4.6 of Part 1 applies. of Par+ 1 applies.

Sub-clause 4.6 Auxiliary Sub-clause

13

IS 13947 ( Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 (1990)

4.7

Relays

and

releases 4.7 of Part 1 applies.

Sub-clause 4.8 4.9 Vacant Switching Sub-clause

overvoltages 4.9 of Part 1 applies.

5. 5.1

Product Nature

information of information 5.1 of Part 1 applies as appropriate for a particular

Sub-clause design. 5.2 Marking

Each equipment shallbe the following data: a) Indication of the position shall be bols 417-IEC-5007 Sub-clause 7.1 .5.1

marked

in

a durable

and

legible

manner

with

open and closed position. The open or closed respectively indicated by the graphical symor 417-IEC-5008 of IEC Publication 417 (see of Part 1);

6)

Suitability The

for

iso!ation. symbols for of Table

appropriate marking

i shall

be

used.

c)

Additional Devices DC-20B device


Note. -

disconnectors: AC-20A, AC-20B, DC-20A not open under load unless such opening. types of equipment
are given

category of utilization shall be marked Do is interlocked to prevent Symbols


Table I.

and the

of

the

various

in

The markings shall be on the equipment itself or on a nameplate or nameplates attached to the equipment, and shall be located at a place such that they are visible and legible from the front after mounting (see Sub-clause 6.3 of Part 1).

The not

following be visible .I

data from

shall also the front

be marked when the

on the equipment but equipment is mounted:

need

d) e)

manufacturers type designation

name or

or serial

trade

mark;

number;

14

IS 13947 (Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990 ) rated operational ational voltage 4.3.2 and 4.4); value
(or

currents (or and utilization

rated powers) category (see

at the rated Sub-clauses

oper4.3.1,

the

(or range), of symbol ----

the );

rated

frequency

or

the

indication

d.c.

for fuse-combination current and the power IEC 947-3, standard; degree of Part 1); The
k)

units, loss

the of the

fuse type fuse-link; claims

and

maximum

rated

if

the

manufacturer

compliance

with

this

protection

of

enclosed

equipment

(see

Appendix

of

following line and Sub-clause neutral clause

terminals

shall

be

identified: the cjnnection is immaterial (see

load terminals 8.3.3.3.1); terminal, of Part terminal if 1);

u less *!+

/)

pole 7.1.7.4

a*$plicable,

by

the

letter

(see

Sub-

m)

protective

earth

(see

Sub-clause

7.1.9.3

of

Part

1);

The following data published information: nl 01 rated insulation

shall

be

made

available

in

the

manufacturers

voltage; voltage for equipment suitable for isolation

rated impulse withstand or when determined; pollution rated rated degree, duty; short-time withstand

p)

if different

from

3;

9) r1

current

and

duration,

where

applicable;

s) t1 5.3

rated rated

short-circuit conditional
for

making short-circuit

capacity, current,
operation

where

applicable; applicable.

where

Instructions

installation,

and

maintenance

Sub-clause

5.3

of

Part

1 applies.

6.

Normal Clause

service, 6 of

mounting, I Part 1( applies

and

transport the

conditions following addition:

with

Pol lution

degree

(see

Sub-clause

6.1.3.2

of

Part

1).

15

IS 13947 (Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990 ) Unless otherwise stated by intended for installation under degree 3. the manufacturer, the environmental conditions equipment is of pollution

7. 7.1

Constructional Constructional
Note.-

and

performance

requirements

requirements requirements concerning materials and current-carrying


7.1.1 and 7.1.2

Further
parts are

under consideration application of Part 1. Their to further consideration.

for Sub-clauses to this standard

will

be subject

Sub-clause

7.1

of

Part

1 applies,

with

the

following

additions:

7.1.3

Clearances For rated Tables equipment impulse XIII

and

creepage for & which of Part

distances the 1. I manufacturer (Uimp), has minimum declared a value values are given of in

withstand; and XV

voltage

For Appendix

other 6.

equipment,

guidance

for

minimum

values

is

given

in

7.1.6.1

Additional constructional for isolation The equipment shall be

requirements

for

equipment

suitable

marked

according

to

Sub-clause

5.26).

For equipment of rated operational voltage greater than 50 V, the and the reliability of the indistrength of the actuating mechanism position shall be checked according to Subcation of the open to lock the provided means are clause 8.2.5. Moreover, when locking shall only be possible when the equipment in the open position, main contacts are in the open position (see Sub-clause 8.2.5). This requirement does not apply to equipment in the open position and/or position is visible indicated by another means than the actuator. all the main where the the main contact is open position

When visible

no indication in the open

is provided, position.

contacts

shall

be

clearly

The clearance across the open open position shall not be less Table XIII of Part 1 and shall Sub-clause7.2.3.16) of Part 1. .L 1
Note. -

contacts of the same pole when in than the minimum clearances given also comply with the requirements

the in of

If auxiliary
the by operating the

contacts are provided time of the auxiliary

for

interlocking should
l

purposes, be declared

contacts

manufacturer.

16

IS 13947(Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990)

7.1 .8

Additional

requirements

for

equipment

provided

with

a neutral

pole

Sub-clause an overcurrent 7.2 7.2.1 7.2.1.1 Performance Operating Genera/ Sub-clause 7.2.2 Temperature Sub-clause

7.1 .8 of release. requirements conditions

Part

1 applies

except

for

the

note

referring

to

7.2.1 rise 7.2.2

.l

of

Part

1 applies.

of

Part

1 applies

with

the

following

addition:

For fuse-combination contacts during the cause any damage of ance of the equipment 7.2 3 Dielectric properties

.& $ the temperature rise of the units, test according to Sub-ilause 8.3.3.1 a nature which impairs the subsequent in test sequence I.

fuse-link shall not perform-

If the withstand Part 1 specified

manufacturer has declared a value of the rated voltage (Uimp ), the requirements of Sub-clause apply and the equipment in Sub-clause 8.3.3.4 of shall Part 1. satisfy the dielectric

impulse 7.2..3 of tests

If no value of the rated impulse withstand voltage has been declared, and for the verification of dielectric withstand specified in the relevant sub-clauses of this standard, the equipment shall satisfy the dielectric tests specified in Sub-clauses 8.3.3.2.1, 8.3.3.2.2, 8.3.3.2.3 and 8.3.3.2.4 of this standard. 7.2 4 Ability to make conditions Making and and break under no-load, normal load and overload

7.2

4.1

breaking

capacities reference and to to the

The rated making the rated operational utilization category The test conditions

and breaking capacities are stated by voltage and rated operational current according to Table III. are specified in Sub-clause 8.3.3.3.1.

17

TABLE
Verification Conditions for

III

of rated making and breaking capacities (see Sub-clause 8.3.3.3) making and breaking corresponding to the various utilization categories

Utilization

category

Rated

operational I/I

Making u/u

(1) cos@ I/I

Make-break u,/u

m -.AC-20AC2) AC-21A AC-22A AC-23A AC-20B(2)

current
All values All values All values 0 < I I 1OOA e 1OOA < I e Rated operational current / All All All All values values values values

cos$

Number of .operating cycles

AC-21B AC-22B AC-23B

1.5 3 10 10 I/I

1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 u/u

0.95 0.65 0.45 0.35 L/R (ms)

1.5 3 . Y+ 8'< I/I

1.05 1.05 1.05 1.05 u,/u

0.95 0:65 0.45 0.35 L/R (ms)

5 5 5 3 Number operating of cycles

Utilization

category

e 1

DC-20A(2> DC-21A DC-22A DC-23A I I IC e u =


q

DC-20B(2) DC-21B DC-22B DC-23B current

1 2.5 15

1.5 4 4

; 1.05 1.05 1.05

ir. 1.5 . 4 4

1.05 1.05 1.05

1 2.5 15

5 5 5

Making

Breaking

current current

= = = =

Rated' operational Applied Rated Power voltage

*I

u u

e r

operational frequency

voltage or d.c. current recovery voltage by the r.m.5. value of the periodic component

(1)

For a.c. the making of the current. Theyse of these

is expressed

(2)

utilization 9-

categories

is not permitted

in the United

States

of America.

IS 13947(Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) 7.2.4.2 Operational performance of the operational performance of that the equipment is capable of the currents flowing in its main

Tests concerning the verification an equipment are intended to verify making and breaking without failure, circuit for the intended use. The number of operating the operational performance are given in Tables IV and The test conditions are

cycles and the test test for the various V. in Sub-clause

circuit parameters for utilization categories

specified

8.3.4.1.

TABLE Verification of operational Number of operatin&. cycles the rated operational i 1.


(1)

IV performance corresponding &rrent .


15) (6) cycles AC and DC 8 categories
I

to

(2)
Number of operating cycles per hour

(31

(4) Number

(7)

181

of operating

Rated

operational current Ie

AC and DC A categories Without current With current 1 500 1 000 1 000 500 500

O<I 100 < 315 < 630 < 500 <

< I8 2 I= 7 I= 2 2 I"e -

100 315 630 500

120 120 60 20 10

8 7 4 2 1

500 000 000 500 500

utilization categories except The values in the table apply to all AC-20A, AC-20B, DC-20A and DC-20B. These categories shall comply with the total number of operating cycles in columns 5 or 8, but all is and/or making capacity without current unless some breaking claimed (see notes to Sub-clauses 4.3.5.2 and 4.3.5.3). In this case the verification shall be made at the values of voltage, current and power-factor claimed and for the number of operating cycles given in the table. Column 2 gives the minimum operating rate. The operating rate for any utilization category may be increased with the consent of the manufacturer.

19

IS 13947(Part 3) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) TABLE Test circuit parameters V for Table IV

Utilization category AC-21A AC-22A AC-23A AC-ZlB AC-22B AC-23B

Value of the rated operational current Ie

Making (11

Breaking COSQ, 0.95 0.8 8.65 L/R Lms) 1 2 7.5 Ic'Ie 1 1 1 Ic'Ie 1 1 1 "rNe 1 1 1 "r'"c 1 1 1 COSQ, 0.95 0.8 0.65 L/R Ims) 1 2 7.5

.
I/I, 1 1 1 I/I e UN UNe 1 1 1 e 1 1 1

All values All values All values

DC-21A DC-22A DC-23A I Ic Ie U U e


q

DC-PlB DC-220 DC-238 Making current

All values All values All values

1 1 1

= = = = =

Breaking current
Rated

operational y;rent

Voltage before make (Applied voltage) Rated operational voltage Power frequency or d.c. recovery voltage For a.c., the making current is expressed by the r.m.s. value of the periodic component of the current.

"r (11

7.2.4.3

Mechanical Sub-clause Sub-clause Electrical Sub-clause Sub-clause Ability

durability 7.2.4.3.1 8.5.1. durability 7.2.4.3.2 8.5.2. of Part 1 applies. Test conditions are specified of Part 1 applies. Test conditions are specified

in 7.2.4.4

in 7.2.5

to make,

break

or

withstand

short-circuit

currents

The equipment shall be so under the conditions standing, dynamic and electrical stresses

constructed specified resulting

as to be capable of within this standard, the thermal, from short-circuit currents.

Short-circuit current carrying

currents in the

may closed

be encountered during current position and current interruption. carry and break make, or more of the following (see (see Sub-clause Sub-clause

making,

The abil,ity of the equipment to currents isi stated in terms of one

short-circuit ratings:

1.
2.

Rated Rated

short-time short-circuit

withstand making

current capacity

4.3.6.1) 4.3.6.2).

20

IS 13947( Part 3 ) : 1993 lEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) 3. Rated conditional short-circuit current (see Sub-clause 4.3.6.4).

7.2.6

Switching Sub-clause

overvoltages 7.2.6 of Part 1 applies. requirements for equipment suitabie

7.2.7

Additional performance for isolation These voltage requirements greater than only 50 V. in

apply

to

equipment

with

rated

operational

With the equipment position the equipment clause 8.3.3.2.

new shall

condition withstand

and the contacts the dielectric

in test

the of

open Sub-

If tests according to Sub-clauses 8.3.3.3 and 8.3.4.1 have been made, the equipment in the condition after the tests shall meet the leakage current requirements of Sub-clause 8.3.3.5.

8. 8.1 8.1.1

Tests Kind of tests

General Sub-clause 8.1.1 of Part 1 applies.

8.1.2

Type

tests 8.1.2 of Part this standard. 1 applies. Type tests are given in

Sub-clause Table VI I of 8. 1.3 Routine

tests 8.1.3 8.4. tests for Part clearance 1 are under verification consideration. according to Subof Part 1 applies. Routine tests are specified in

Sub-clause Sub-clause 8. 1.4 Sampling

tests Sampling clause 8.3.3.4.3 of

8.1.5

Special Special Sub-clause

tests tests 8.5. for (see


E

Sub-clause

2.6.4

of

Part

1)

are

specified

in

8.2

Type

tes$s

constructional 8 2 if i Part 1

requirements applies. (See however note of Sub-

Sub-clause clause 7.1. >

21

IS 13947(Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) 8.2.5 Verification indicating This a rated 8.2.5.1 of the device strength of actuator mechanism and position

sub-clause operational of

only applies to voltage greater equipment for

equipment suitable than 50 V.

for

isolation

with

Condition on 8.3.3 of

tests be part of test sequence I (see

The test Sub-clause 8.2.5.2 Method

the actuator and Table test force applied

shall IX).

The necessary force should be

F for opening shall first be measured to the extremity of the actuator.

and

the

With the equipment in the closed position, fixed and moving contacts of the pole for which the test is deemed to be the. most severe shall be The actuator shall be submitted to kept closed by appropriate means. the test force as defined in Table VI according to its type. *. .$ This direction force shall be applied without shock to to open the contacts for a period of 10 s. the the force, test. as shown in the actuator in a

The direction of maintained throughout

Figure

1,

shall

be

If locking means are provided position it shall not be possible while the test force is applied.

to to

lock the actuator lock the actuator in

in the open this position

8.2

5.3

Condi:ion

of

equipment

after

test is no longer applied to the the indication of the open

After actuator position

the test and when the test force with the actuator being left free, shall not be wrongly given.

TABLE Actuator test

VI force

Type

of actuator

Maximum force (N)

test

50 150 Pushbuttolr Fig. la 3F 50 One-finger operated Fig. lb 3F 150 100 200 Two-finger operated Fig. lc 3F 150 400 One-hand operated 3F Fig. Id and,le , 200 600 Two-hand op,erated Fig. If 3F 200 600 Two-hand operated Fig. lg 3F S F is the normal operating force in new condition. The test force shall be JF with the stated minimum and maximum values and be applied as shown . in Figure 1.

L-

22

IS 1,3947 (Part 3 ) : 1993 IJW Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990 )

P
900
F

(a)

. . Oifit900 F 900 F
(cl
(d) F

/
*N

,. /

P
90"
(e)

If)

(9)

Fig.

1.

Actuator

applied

force

F.

23

IS 13947 (Part 3) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990 )

8.3

Type

tests

for

performance

Performance type ing to its kind are 8.3.1


Test sequences

tests listed

to in

which Tabie

equipment VII.

may

be

submitted

accord-

in

Type tests .Table Vlii.

are

grouped

together

in

a number

of

sequences

as

shown

For each sequence, tests ance with the requirements

shall be made in the order listed of the appropriate sub-clause.

in

accord-

TABLE
Overall Sequence

VIII
test 7 sequences

scheme 1.. \

of

Tests

General performance characteristidsY (see Sub-clause 8.3.3 and Table IX)

Temperature-rise Dielectric properties Making and breaking capacities Dielectric verification Ill Leakage current (2t Temperature-rise verification Strength of actuator mechanism

(11

(1) (21

Operational performance (see Sub-clause 8.3.4

capability and Table XII

Operational performance Dielectric verification Leakage current (21 Temperature-rise verification (31 Short-time withstand current Short-circuit making capacity Dielectric verification Leakage current (2) Temperature-rise verification Fuse Fuse protected protected short-circuit short-circuit withstand making

Short-circuit (see Sub-clause

performance 8.3.5 and

capability Table XII)

Conditional short-circuit (see Sub-clause 8.3.6

and

currant (31 Table XIII)

Dielectric verification Leakage current f 21 Temperature-rise verification (1) Not and required 4.3.5.3. for disconnectors (AC-20 or DC-201. See notes of Sub-clauses 4.3.5.2

(21

Only
than

required
50 V.

for

equipment

suitable

for

isolation

of

rated

voltage

greater

(31

Either ratings

test sequence TII or test sequence stated by the manufacturer. --___

IV to be made according

to

the

3.3.2 8.3.2.1

General General

test

conhitions ts

requitemen

i Sub-clause 8.3.2.1 of Part 1 applies to all type The equipment at the start of any test sequence clean condition. tests shall as applicable. be in new, and

IS13947(Part.3):1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990 ) The force applied for any opening operation than the test force determined in Sub-clause applied in the same manner without shock. shall 8.2.5.2 not be greater and shall be

Where doubt exists as to the correct opening operation, no than three attempts to operate the equipment to the open position allowed. 8.3,2.2 Test Sub-clause 8.3.2.3 Evaluation quantities 8.3.2.2 of test of are of Part results during the appropriate tests and test clause. its 1 applies.

more are

The behaviour after the tests 8.3.2.4 Test Sub-clause 8.3.3 Test This Table 8.3.3.1 report

the equipment specified in the

condition

4. of I: Part 1 applies. 1 yp

f \, characteristics equipment table. listed in

8.3.2.4

sequence

General

performance

IX

test sequence and comprises

to the types of applies the tests according to the

Temperature-rise Sub-clause 8.3.3.3 of Part 1 applies with the following additions:

The test shall be I the (see Sub-clause Fuse-combination current equal to unit. The value fuse-link specified

made at 4.3.2.2

the conventional of Part 1).

enclosed

thermal

current

units shall be the conventional

fitted with fuse-links thermal current of

having a rated the combination

shall by the

loss not have a power equipment manufacturer.

exceeding

the

maximum

Note.

The test may be made with a "dummy" fuse-link similar design to the standardized fuse-link -specified power loss.

of and

essentially having the

Details of the fuse-links used for the test, i.e. the manufacturers the rated current, the power loss of the reference, and name in the test shall be given fuse-link, and+ the breaking capacity, report. The ty,pe test with the specified fuse-links shall be deemed to at the cover the use of any other fuse-link having a power loss, conventional thtermal current of the combination unit, not exceeding the power loss of i!he fuse-link used for the test.

26

IS 13947(Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) 0.3.3.2 The Test test ot dielectric be properties made: Sub-clause a value of 4.3.1.3); Sub-clauses value of Uimp 8.3.3.4 of Part the rated impulse 1 ii the withstand manufacvoltage

shall

in accordance with turer has declared u. (see Sub-clause Imp in accordance if with no 8.3.3.2.4,

8.3.3.2.1, has in been the

8.3.3.2.2, declared, relevant

8.3.3.2.3 and for sub-clauses

and the of

verification of this standard. Equipment clause 8.3.3.4

dielectric

withstand

suitable for of Part 1,

isolation shall with a value

be tested according to Subof test voltage as specified in to the value of does not apply test sequences. declared Uim to Phe verifi-

Table XIV of Part by the manufacturer. cation of dielectric

1 and corresponding This requirement withstand & made during .$

8.3.3.2.1

Condition

of

the kbuiptnent

for

tests equipment including mounted internal approxiwiring,

Dielectric tests shall usual mately as under and in a dry condition.

be made on new service conditions,

When the base of the equipment is of insulating material, metallic parts shall be placed at all the fixing points in accordance with the conditions of normal installation of the equipment and these parts shall be considered as part of the frame of the equipment. When the equipthe latter shall be covered by a ment is in an insulating enclosure, If the operating handle is metallic,~ it metal foil connected to the frame. if it is of insulating material, it shall shall be connected to the frame; be covered by a metal foil connected to the frame.

Equipment an enclosure turer to be

not supplied with an. enclosure but intended to be used in shall be tested in an enclosure stated by the manufacequivalent to the smallest that is applicable in service.

When the dielectric strength of the equipment taping of leads or the use of special insulation, insulation shall also be used during the tests.

is dependent such taping

upon the or special

8.3.3.2.2 The

Application test voltage

of

the

test

voltage for 1 min as follows:

shall

be applied

a)

With 1)

the.,main

contacts

closed: of all poles connected together and the

between all live parts franle of the equipment; between each pole and frame of the equipment.

2)

all

the

other

poles

connected

to

the

28

IS 13947(Part 3) : 1993 IECPub947-3(1990) On equipment carried out in b) With 1) the having more than each closed position. contacts open: of all poles connected together together and and the the one closed position, the test shall be

main

between all live parts frame of the equipment; between terminals the terminals of the other

2)

of one side connected side connected together. an insulated

For the considered

purpose of the as a pole of the

above tests, equipment. one

neutral

is

to

be

On equipment having more than carried out in each open position. 8.3.3.2.3 Value of the test voltage

open

position,

the

test

shall

be

The test voltage frequency between

shall have a practically .$ 45 Hz an4 62 Hz.

sinusoidal

waveform

and

The high-voltage transfor*mer used for the test shall be that, when the output terminals are short-circuited after voltage has been adjusted to the appropriate test voltage, current is at least 200 mA.

so designed the output the output

The overcurrent less than 100 mA. Glow discharges otherwise Table X.

relays

shall

not

trip

when

the

output

current

is

without specified,

drops the

in voltage value of

are the

neglected. test voltage shall be as

Unless given in

TABLE Dielectric to the

test voltage corresponding rated insulation voltage

Rated insulation voltage U.


1

Dielectric test voltage Ca.c) (r.m.s.1

U.I 66 < U' I 30.0 < u' I 640 < u' I

60 300 660

ad,o

< ut
1

5 i

800 000

1 odo < ul I 1 500*


9c

For

d.c.

only

29

IS 13947(Part 3 ) : 1993 IECPub947-3(1990)

8.3.3.2.4

Results

to be obtained considered to have been passed if there is no puncture

or 8.3.3.3 8.3.3.3.1

The test is flash-over. Making Test

and values

breaking and of

capacities conditions Part 1 applies regarding equipment provided

Sub-clause with a neutral The test ing to the

8.3.3.5 pole.

values are stated utilization category.

in

Table

Ill,

Sub-clause

7.2.4.1,

accord-

The stated number of make-break operating cycles shall be made with a time interval between, close-open cycles of 30 s 2 10 s except that for equipment of conventional thermal current of 400 A or more, the time interval may be increased by agreement between manufacturer and user-and the intervaI3haII be sta#ed in the test report.

During each make-break operating cycle, equipment need only stay in the closed position for a period long enough to allow the switching operation to be completed and to enable the current value to be establi,shed and the moving parts of the equipment to come to rest. the recovery voltage shall be maintained After each ape-rating cycle, for at least 0.05 s.

equipment of For convenience of testing, and AC-23 8 make-break operating cycles

utilization may be

categories replaced, of 10 cycles.

AC-23A with the I, make

by the stated number agreement of the manufacturer, cycles followed by the same number of 8 I, make-break

For a.c. accordance accordance

the with with

power-factor Sub-clause Table Ill,

of the 8.3.4.1.3 Sub-clause

test circuit of Part 1. 7.2.4.1.

shall The

be determined values shall be

in in

For d.c. accordance accordance

the time-constant with Sub-clause with Table Ill,

of the 8.3.4.1.4 Sub-clause

test circuit of Part 1. 7.2.4.1.

shall The

be determined values shall be

in in

The test voltage and the load shall be applied to the appropriate For equipment in which a moving contact terminals of the equipment. remains connected to one of the terminals when the equipment is in the this test shall be repeated with the supply and load open ( position, unless the terminals are specifically and connections interchanged, clearly marked fr load and supply.

30

IS 13947(Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) In the case of tests may be replaced by electrically equivalent manufacturer. carried out on fuse-combination units, fuse-links suitable copper links of dimensions and mass to those of the fuse-links recommended by the

8.3.3.3.2

Test Sub-clause

circuit 8.3.3.5.2 recovery of Part 1 applies.

8.3.3.3.3

Trunsient

voltage only to utilization categories categories DC-22 and DC-23 by a motor producing the if agreed between manufac-

Sub-clause 8.3.3.5.3 of Part 1 applies AC-22 and AC-23. For tests for utilization replaced the test circuit load may be specified current and time constant value turer and user.

8.3

3.3.4 Under

Switching

overvoltage& * a* during

consideration. Be!laviour tests of equipment

8.3.3.3.5

making

and

breaking

capacity

The equipment manner as not to equipment. There between circuit. shall poles

shall perform endanger an

during operator

the above tests or cause damage

in to

such a adjacent poles or detection welding, means,

be no permanent and frame and

arcing or flash-over between no melting of the fuse in the mechanically operable. operation using normal Contact operating

The equipment shall remain such as to prevent an opening is not permitted. 8.3.3.3.6 Condition tests of equipment

after

the

making

and

breaking

capacity

It shall ment will operation.

be demonstrated close and open

immediately satisfactorily

after the during

test that a no-load

the equipclose/open

A closing operation of the handle through for the equipment to

is considered satisfactory its full stroke will close be able to carry its rated

when normal operation the contacts sufficiently operational current.

After the test and with the requirements

without maintenance of Sub-clause 8.3.3.4.

the

equipment

shall

comply

The contacts shall be in a suitable operatiohal current without maintenance temperature-rise derification of Sub-clause If the Sub-clauses equipmeht 8.3.3.5 is and suitable 8.3.3.7. for

condition to and shall 8.3.3.6. it

carry comply

the rated with the

isolation,

shall

comply

with

31

IS 13947 (Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990 ) 8.3.3.4 Dielectric verification

After the test according to Sub-clause 8.3.3.3, a test shall be made to check that the equipment shall be capable, without maintenance, of its rated insulation voltage withstanding a voltage equal to twice according to Sub-clause 8.3.3.2.2.

8.3

3.5 This

Leakage test

current is made U, each only contact on equipment than gap and 50 V. from suitable for isolation The leakage current each terminal to the of rated shall be frame.

operational checked

voltage across

greater

The value of leakage current, the rated operational voltage of

with a test voltage equipment shall not

equal exceed:

to

1 .l

times

0.5 mA AC-20B, 2 mA per

per pole for equipment DC-20A or w-208; pole for equipment of

of .$ all

utilization utilization

category

AC-20A,

other

categories.

8.3.3.6

Temperature-rise

verification

After the tests according to Sub-clause 8.3.3.3, the temperature-rise of the main terminals shall be checked according to Sub-clause 8.3.3.1, The terminals shall not exceed 80 K temperature-rise at the rated operational current of the utilization category of the equipment tested. 8.3.3.7 Strength of 8.2.5 voltage II: actuator applies greater mechanism to equipment than 50 V. suitable for isolation of rated

Sub-clause operational 8.3.4 Test

sequence

Operational

performance

capability of this equipment table. listed in

This test sequence Table Xl and comprises

applies to the types the tests according to

They

are

made

to

verify

compliance

with

Sub-clause

7.2.4.2.

a. 3.4.1 8.3.4.1.1

Operational Test

performance and

test

values

conditions IV and V, Sub-clause 7.2.4.2

The test values are stated in Tables according to the utilization category. ! between Table IV The time ir/iterval and without current and the sequential stated in the test report.

operating order

of

cycles the

with tests

current shall be

32

TABLE
Test sequence II: Operational

XI
performance capability

I,---

Type of equipment and oi-der of tests Switchdiscornectorfuse and fuse-switchdiscornector

Test

subclause No.

Switd-,

Fuse-switch and switch-fuse

Discomnzctor "r

Discormectorfuse and fuse$$mnmector

Switchdiscotnector

Operational performance Dielectric verification Leakage current (2) Tmperature-rise verification

8.3.4.1 8.3.4.2 8.3.4.3 8.3.4.4

1 2

1 2

(1) 1 2 ur. _'

11) 1 2 3

1 2 3 4

1 2 3 4

III

S&-clauses

Load-breaking operations are not recpired for category AC-20 and DC-20. see also notes of 4.3.5.2 and 4.3.5.3 as applicable.

(2)

Test required only for Ue greater than 50 V.

IS 13947(Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) During each make-break operating cycle, the equipment need only stay in the closed position for a period long enough to allow the switching operation to be completed and to enable the currentvalue to be established and the moving parts of the equipment to come to rest. be maintained After each operating cycle, the recovery voltage shall for at least 0.05 s.

For a.c. accordance accordance

the with with

power-factor of the Sub-clause 8.3.4.1.3 Table V, Sub-clause

test circuit of Part 1. 7.2.4.2.

shall The

be determined values shall be

in in

For d.c. accordance accordance

the with with

time-constant of the Sub-clause 8.3.4.1.4 Table V, Sub-clause

test circuit of Part 1. 7.2.4.2.

shall be determined The values shall be

in in

8.3.4.1.2

Test Sub-clause

circuit 8.3.3.5.2 recovery to of

2. Part 1 applies.

.$

8.3.4.1.3 It

Transient is not

voltage adjust the transient recovery voltage.

necessary

8.3.4.1.4 Under 8.3.4.1.5

Switching

overvoltages

consideration. Behaviour test of the equipment during the operational performance

The equipment manner as not to equipment. There between circuit. shall poles

shall perform endanger an

during operator

the above tests or cause damage

in to

such a adjacent

be no permanent and frame and

arcing or flash-over between no melting of the fuse in the

poles or detection

The equipment shall remain such as to prevent an opening is not permitted. Some wear the equipment 8.3.4.1

mechanically operable. operation using normal

Contact operating

welding, means,

on the mechanism functions correctly. of .L the equipment

and

contacts

is

allowed

provided

that

,6 ! Condition test

after

the

operational

performance

It shall equipment operation.

be idemonstrated will close and open

immediately satisfactorily

after during

the test a no-load

that the close/open


l

34

IS 13947 (Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990 ) A closing operation of the handle through for the equipment to After the tests and with the requirements is considered satisfactory its full stroke will close be able to carry its rated without maintenance of Sub-clause 8.3.4.2. the when normal operation the contacts sufficiently operational current. equipment shall comply

The contacts shall be in a suitable operational current without maintenance temperature-rise verification of Sub-clause If the Sub-clause 8.3.4.2 equipment 8.3.4.3. is suitable for

condition to and shall 8.3.4.4. it

carry comply shall

the rated with the with

isolation,

comply

Dielectric Sub-clause

verification 8.3.3.4 current 8 . 3 . 3 . 5 applies? # I verification applies. Ill: Short-circuit performance capability listed in applies.

8.3.4.3

Leakage Sub-clause

8.3.4.4

Temperature-rise Sub-clause 8.3.3.6

8.3.5

Test

sequence

This test sequence Table XII and comprises

to the types of equipment applies the tests according to this table.

This test sequence is not mandatory if a value of rated short-circuit stated by the manufacturer (see .Sub-clause making capacity is not 8.3.5.2.1) and test sequence IV (Sub-clause 8.3.6) is carried out. The tests are made to verify compliance with Sub-clause 7.2.5.

8.3.5.1 8.3.5.1.1 The

ShortTest test

time

withstand and of

current conditions Sub-clause

test

values conditions

8.3.4.3

of

Part

1 apply.

The stated 8.3.5.1.2

test current according to Test circuit 8.3.4.1.2

shall be Sub-clause

the rated 4.3.6.1.

short-time

withstand

current

Sub-clause

of

Part

1 applies. of the test Part 1. of the Part 1. test circuit shall be in accordance

For a.c., the with Sub-clause For d.c., the with Sub-clause

power-factor 8++3.4.1.3 of time-constant 8.3.4.1.4 of

circuit

shall

be

in

accordance

35

TABLE
Test sequence III: Short-circuit

XII
performance capability

Type of equipment
!%I.& clause No.

and order

of tests Switchdiscomectorfuse and fuse-switchdiscomector

Test

Fuse-switch Switch
and

Discotmector

switch-fuse

Discumectorfuse and fusedisamiector

Switchdisanmector

Short-time wrrw?t

withstand

8.3.5.1

Short-circuit making capacity 11) (21 Dielectric Leakage verification

8.3.5.2

2 Not Not 2 applicable applicable 3 4 4

2 Not 3 applicable 4 5

8.3.5.3 8.3.5.4 8.3.5.5

current

135)

Temperature-rise verification

111 f2)

Test

sequence and

III

is not mandatory

if test

sequence a rated IV lsee

IV is carried short-circuit Table XIII).

out. tnakiw capacity

Switches

switch-dis comectors

not having

lsee ~-clause

2.1)

shall
I31 Test

meet the l-ecpiremen ts of test secpance


required only for Ue greater than 50 V.

IS 13947 ( Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990 ) 8.3.5.1.3 Test circuit calibration

The calibration of the test circuit carried is out by placing temporary connections B of negligible impedance as close as resonably possible to the terminals provided for connecting the eqllipment under test. For a.c., resistors R 1 and reactors X are adjusted so as at the applied voltage, a current equal to the rated withstand current as well as the power-factor as indicated clause 8.3.4.1.3 of Part 1. to obtain, short-time in Sub-

For d.c., resistors R 1 and reactors X are adjusted so as to obtain, at the applied voltage, a current the maximum value of which is equal to the rated short-time withstand current as well as the time-constant as indicated in Sub-clause 8.3.4.1.4 of Part 1.

3.3

5.1.4

Test

procedure redaced by the equipment under for fhe specified time with the

The temporary connection&B are test and the test current is, applied equipment in the closed positbn. 8.3.5.1.5 Behaviour The equipment endanger an shall poles of the equipment

during

the

test as not

to

shall perform during the test in such a manner operator or cause damage to adjacent equipment. be no permanent and frame and arcing or flash-over between no melting of the fuse in the

There between circuit.

poles or detection

The equipment such as to prevent is not permitted. 8.3.5.1.6 Conditions

shall remain an opening

mechanically operable. operation using normal

Contact operating

welding, means,

of

the

equipment

after

the

test after during the test a no-load that the close/open

It shall equipment operation.

be demonstrated will close and open

immediately satisfactorily

A ciosing operation of the handle through for the equipment to

is considered satisfactory its full stroke will close be able to carry its rated

when normal operation the contacts sufficiently operational current.

After the test and without maintenance or a switch-disconnector, it shall be making capacity test, Sub-clause 8.3.5.2, If the equipment maintenance wid:~ .the The without comply is suitable dielectric

if the equipment is a switch subjected to the short-circuit as listed in Table XII. it shall Sub-clause comply 8.3.5.3. without

for isolation, verification of

contacts df a disconnector shall be in a suitable maintenance to carry the rated operational current with the temperature-rise of Sub-clause 8.3.5.5.

condition and shall .

37

IS 13947( Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) 8.3.5.2 8.3.5.2. I Short-circuit Test values shall 8.3.5.1 making and capacity conditions on the same equipment any maintenance. be that assigned by as for the test of test

The test Sub-clause The stated 8.3.5.2.2

be made without shall 4.3.6.2.

test current in Sub-clause Test circuit 8.3.5.1.2 circuit

the

manufacturer

as

Sub-clause 8.3.5.2.3 Test

applies. calibration

is carried out by placing of the test circuit The calibration temporary connections B of negligible impedance as close as reasonably possible to the terminals provided for connecting the equipment under test. -4 c$ Depending calibration upon is made whether the as foll&ws: equipment is rated a.c. or d.c. the

a)

For The

a.c.: tests shall be made at the rated frequency of the equipment. s and its record. value in

The prospective current shall be applied for at least 0.05 value determined from the calibration value is the r.m.s. This value shall be equal to or higher than the specified at least one pole. The average value Sub-clause 8.3.2.2 of all phases of Part 1. shall comply with the

tolerances

in

The highest peak value of the prospective current during its first cycle shall be not less than n times the rated short-circuit the value of n being as stated in the third column of current, Table XVI, Sub-clause 8.3.4.1.3 of Part 1.

b)

For

d.c.: be applied for the specified time shall be at least from the record, and its mean equal to the

The current shall value, determined specified value.

If the testing station is unable to make these tests on d.c., if agreed between manufacturer and user, be made on may, provided kuitable precautions are taken, for instance, the : value of current shall not exceed the permissible current.

they a.c., peak

For the

an equipment having the same rated a.c. test shall be taken as valid for

current the d.c.

for a.c. rating.

and

d.c.

38

IS 13947(Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) 8.3.5.2.4 Test procedure

The temporary connections B are replaced by the equipment under test and the equipment shall be closed twice with an interval of approximately 3 min between these operatiorls on a prospective peak current not less :than the rated short-circuit making capacity of the equipment. The current shall be maintained for at least 0.05 s.

The closing mechanism shall be as possible. conditions as-closely 8.3.5.2.5 Behaviour of the equipment

operated

so

as

to

simulate

service

during during operator

the

test in to such a adjacent

The equipment manner as not to equipment. There between circuit. shall poles

shall perform endanger an

the above tests or cause damage

nt arcing gr flash-over not be perma ? and frame an no melting of the fuse \ 1 h shall an remain opening mechanically operable. operation using normal

between in the

poles or detection

The equipment such as to prevent is, not permitted. 8.3.5.2.6 Condition

Contact operating

welding, means,

of

the

equipment

after

the

test after during the test a no-load that the open/close

It shall equipment operation.

be demonstrated will open and close

immediately satisfactorily

A closing operation of the handle through for the equipment to

is considered satisfactory its full stroke will close be able to carry its rated

when normal operation the contacts sufficiently operational current.

After the test with the dielectric

and without verification

maintenance of Sub-clause

the equipment 8.3.5.3.

shall

comply

The contacts shall be in a suitable condition without carry the highest rated operational current and shall temperature-rise verification of Sub-clause 8.3.5.4. 8.3 5.3 Dielectric Sub-clause 8.3.5.4 Leakage verification 8.3.3.4 currqnt 8.3.3.5 applies, except that the maximum not *exceed 2 mA per pole for all utilization 4 verification applies. applies.

maintenance coinply with

to the

Sub-clause current shall

value of leakage categories.

8.3.5.5

Temperature-rise Sub-clause 8.3.3.6

39

IS 13947(Part 3) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) 8.3.6 Test sequence IV: Conditional short-circuit current listed in

to This test sequence applies Table XII I and comprises the tests

the types of equipment according to the table.

This test sequence is not mandatory if a value of rated short-circuit current is not stated by the manufacturer sequence III (see Sub-clause 8.3.5) is carried out.

conditional and test

For circuit a fuse test.

switches, protective and shall

disconnectors and switch-disconnectors the device of the equipment may be a circuit-breaker be arranged on the load side of the equipment breaker for the device rated given or fuse shall equipment. be that stated

shortor under by the

The type manufacturer

of circuit as suitable

Details of the protective name, type designation, breaking capacity shall be &

used for the test voltage, current in the test report. P

i.e. manufacturers and short-circuit

The type test with the,(;pecified protective device shall be deemed to cover the use of any other protective device having a Joule integral (/t) and cut-off current at the rated voltage, prospective current and power-factor not exceeding the specified values for the type of protective device used for the test.

The

tests

are

made

to

verify

compliance

with

Sub-clause

7.2:5.

8.3.6.1

Circuit-breaker Under consideration. protected values

protected

short-circuit

withstand

8.3.6.2 0.3.6.2.1

Fuse Test

short-circuit and conditions

withstand

The fuse-links breaking capacity the equipment. The a) test shall

shall be of the deemed suitable

rated maximum current and rated by the manufacturer for use with

be made

as follows:

Withstand

test rated shall conditional be applied

A prospective current corresponding to the short-circuit current stated by the manufacturer with the equipment in the closed position. 6) Making test

After the; withstand test a) all equipment except disconnectors according to Table XIII shall be fitted with new fuse-links and closed on to the rated conditional short-circuit current.

40

TABLE
Test sequence IV: Conditional

XIII
short-circuit current

Type

of equipment

and order

of tests Switchdisaxnectorfuse and fuse-switchdiscomector

P-

Tar-t

!Ci&clause No.

*itch (1)

Fuse-switch and switch-fuse

Discomector (1)

Discomectorfuse and fusediscommctor

Switchdiscornector (1)

circuit

Fuse

protected

withstand

short-

8.3.6.2.1 a) 8.3.6.2.1 b)

1. "

f
2 2 2

Fuse protected circuit making

short-

Dielectric Leakage

verification (2)

8.3.6.3 8.3.6.4 8.3.6.5

2 Y 3

3 4 ,' 5

3 4 5

3 4 5

current

Tenparature-rise verification

(1) (2)

Test Test

secpence recpired

IV is not mandatory only for Ue greater

if test secpence than 50 V.

III

is carried

out

lsee Table XII).

IS 13947( Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) 8.3.6.2.2 Test Sub-clause 8.3.6.2.3 Test Sub-clause 8.3.6.2.4 Test circuit 8.3.5.1.2 circuit 8.3.5.2.3 procedure are replaced according to by the-equipment under Sub-clause 8.3.6.2.1. test applies. calibration applies.

The temporary connections and the test current applied

The recovery interruption of 8.3.6.2.5 Behaviour Sub-clause 8.3.6.2.6

voltage the test of the

shall current

be maintained by the fuse. during B after she the

for

at

least

0.05

after

equipment amlies.

test

8.3.5.2.5 of the

Condition Sub-clause

equipment applies.

test

8.3.5.2.6 verification 8.3.3.4 current 8.3.5.4

8.3.6.3

Dielectric Sub-clause

applies.

8.3.6.4

Leakage Sub-clause

applies. verification applies.

8.3.6.5

Temperature-rise Sub-clause 8.3.3.6

0.4 8.4.1

Routine General

tests

Routine tests dition, suitably accordance with

shall be carried out on equipment in clean, new out the tests and generally mounted to carry Sub-clause 8.3.2.1 of Part 1, as applicable.

conin

8.4.2

Mechanical A test shall the equipment

operational

test the correct mechanical opening operations. operation of

be made to verify bly five closing and

8.4.3

Dielectric

te$ t 4 The value X and the to 1 s. of the duration test of

The method of .Sub-clause 8.3.3.4 applies. accordance with Table voltage shall be in application of the test voltage may be reduced

42

IS 13947( Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) 8.5 Special tests to mechanical performance service of Part and/or electrical test detailed in conditions are 11, the following wear is Sub-clause demonstrated 8.3.4.1. also note necessary: by

the

Resistance operational

Where abnormal Sub-clause 7.24.3

expected (see tests may be

to

8.5.1

Mechanical

durability

The mechanical durability test (see Sub-clauses 7.2.4.3 and 8.1.5), where required, is made in accordance with the appropriate requirements of Sub-clause 8.3.4.1, except that for equipment suitable for isolation, the maximum value of leakage current shall not exceed 6 mA per pole for all utilization categories. The total manufacturer. 8.5.2 Electrical number of operating cycles shall be as declared by the

durability

4.

The electrical durabili.ty te@t (see Sub-clauses 7.2.4.4 and 8.1 .5), where required, is made in accordance with the appropriate requireexcept that for equipment suitable for ments of Sub-clause 8.3.4.1, isolation, the maximum value of leakage current shall not exceed 6 mA per pole for utilization categories AC-21, AC-22, AC-23, DC-21, DC-22 and DC-23. Equipment DC-20B is The total manufacturer. of not utilization submitted of categories this test. cycles AC-20A, AC-20B, DC-20A and

to

number

operating

shall

be

as

declared

by

the

43

1s 13947(Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) APPENDIX EQUIPMENT FOR DIRECT SWITCHING A OF A SINGLE MOTOR

Switches, switch-disconnectors and fuse-combination units normally intended for- direct switching of individual motors shall comply with the additional requirements of this appendix. These requirements are essentially the same as the appropriate sub-clauses of IEC Publication 947-4-l and equipment complying with this appendix may state on the nameplate the appropriate utilization category according to Table Al.

A4.3.4

Rated Additional

duty rated duties considered as standard are as follows:

A4.3.4.3

Intermittent Sub-clause 4.3.4.3

periodic of

4.

duty

or

in:ermittent with.the

duty following additions:

Pd;t

1 applies

A4.3

.4.3.1

Classes

of

intermittent number of out per

duty operating cycles equipment hour, which they is divided shall into be the

According to the capable of carrying following classes : Class Class Class Class Class A4.3.4.4 1: 3: 12: 30: 120: up up up up up to

1 operating

cycle cycles

per per

hour; hour; hour; hour; hour.

to 3 operating to 12 operating

cycles cycles cycles

per per

to 30 operating to duty of Part 120 operating

per

Temporary Sub-clause

4.3.4.4 and

1 applies.

A4.3.5

Making

breaking is defined utilization

capacities by its making categories as and breaking specified in capacities, Table All in (see I

An equipment accordance with Sub-clause A4.4). A4.4 Utilization

category

The utilization categories as given in Table Al are considered Any other type of utilization category shall standard in this; appendix. be based on agqeement between manufacturer and user but information given in the manufacturers catalogue or tender may take the place of such an agreement. .

44

IS13947(Part3):1993 IECPub947-3(1990) by the values of the Each utilization category is characterized expressed as multiples of the rated operational currents and voltages, current and of the rated operational voltage, and by the power-factors or time-constants as shown in Table All and other test conditions used
in the definitions of the rated making and breaking capacities.

For equipment defined by their to specify separately unnecessary capacities as these values depend as shown in Table All.
The utilization listed categories of Table

utilization category, it is the rated making and directly on the utilization

therefore breaking category

All

correspond

in

principle

to

the

applications

in

Table

Al.

TABLE U tilidhtion 1 I& Utilirati.on category AC-2 Slip-ring switching

Al categhies

Typical

applications

motors: off

starting,

plugging

(11,

AC

AC-3

Squirrel-cage motors: starting, of motors during running Squirrel-cage inching (2)


Shunt motors:

switching

off

AC-4

motors:

starting,

plugging

(11,

DC-3

starting,

dynamic DC DC-5

breaking

plugging of d.c. motors

(11, inching

(21,

Series-motors: starting, plugging (11, inching (21, dynamic breaking of d.c. motors

(1)

Plugging is understood to mean stopping or reversing motor rapidly by reversing motor primary connections the motor is running.

the while

c.2) Inching (jogging) is understood to mean energizing a motor once or repeatedly for short periods to obtain small movements of the driven mechanism. 4 Note.I The switching
filament+Jamps

between

of rotor circuits, capacitors or tungsten shall be subject to special agreement m nufacturer and user. t

45

Is 13947(Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947- 3 ( 1990)

TABLE
Rated making corresponding

All
conditions categories

and breaking capacity to several utilization

Make Utilization ategory ?/I, "rNe

and break

conditions Off-time Number of operating cycles

co5 @

On-time

(51 (21 AC-2 AC-3L51 AC-4(51 4.0 8.0 10.0 1.05 1.05 1.05 0.65 (1) 111 L/R (msl DC-3 DC-5 4.0 4.0 1.05 1.05 & I/I, U/u 6s coso 2.5 15.0 Ms$e 0.05 0.05 conditions On-time 0.05 0.05 0.05

(51 (31 (31 (31 50 50 50

13s (31

50(61 50(6)

Utilization ategory AC-3 AC-4 I =

Off-time

Number of operating cycles

(5) (2) 10 12 1.05(41 1.05141 (11 (11 0.05 0.05

,Lsl 10 10 50 50

Current made. The making current is expressed in d.c. or a.c. values but it is understood that for a.c. the r.m.s. symnatrical peak value of the asymmetrical current corresponding to the powerfactor of that circuit may assume a higher value.

I,

Current made and broken symmetrical values. Rated operational voltage. frequency or d.c.

, expressed

in d.c.

or a.c.

r.m.s.

*e U "r

= = =

current.

Applied Power

recovery

voltage.

"e COSQ L/R

= = =

Rated

operational

voltage.

Power-factor Time-constant = 0.45

of test circuit. of test circuit. for Ie > 100 A. are allowed

Ill cos@ 12)

for Ie 2 100 A, 0.35

Time may be less than 0.05 s provided that contacts to become properly seated before re-opening. See Table For U/U, AIII. a tolerance of +20% is accepted.

(3) (41 (51

The make conditions shall also be verified but may be combined with the make and break test if agreed by the manufacturer. The making current multiples are to be as shown for I/I and the breaking is PO be taken from current as shown for 1,/I,. The off-time TableiAIII. Twenty-five cycles with operating cycles with reverse polarity. one polarity and twenty-five operating

(61

46

IS 13947(Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) TABLE AIII

Relationship between and off-time for of the rated making

current broken the verification breaking

I,

and

capacities

Current broken Ic (A) I


C

Off-time (s)

100 200 300 400 $

10 20 30 40 60 1, 80
100

100 < IC s 200 < Ic 5 300 < I


C 400 <

Ic S 4600 5 ,,800
C

600 < I

800 < Ic s 1 000 1 000 < Ic s 1 300 1 300 < I


C 1

140 180 240

5 1 600
C

600 < I

The values factu rer.

of

off-time

may

be

reduced

if

agreed

by

the

manu-

A7. ,2.4.2

Operational 7.2.4.2

performance of Part 1 applies with the following additions:

Sub-clause

Equipment shall failure under the required utilization therein.

be capable conventional categories

of

making and breaking currents without conditions stated in Table AIV for the and the number of operations indicated

47

IS 13947(Part 3 ) : 1993 IIX Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) TABLE AIV

Operational performance conditions for making and breaking corresponding to several utilization categories

Utilization category

Off-time

AC-2 AC-3 AC-4

2.0 2.0 6.0


l

1.05 1.05 1.05

DC-3 DC-5 Ic =

2.5 2.5

1.05 1.05

rs; Current made or broken. The mazing current is expressed in d.c. or a.c. r.m.s. 9' mmetrical values>.but it is understood that the actual value wik F be the peak value corresponding to the powerfactor of the circuit. Rated Power operational frequency current. or d.c. recovery voltage.

r
0.65 I11 (11
L/R lmsl

Number of operating cycles

0.05 0.05 0.05

(31 (31 (31

6 6 6

000 000 000

2.0 7.5

0.05 0.05

I31 (31

6 6

OOO(4) OOO(41

Ie ur

= =

ue

Rated =

operational

voltage. for Ie > 100 A. are allowed to

(11 cos@ (21

0.45

for Ie ( 100 A, 0.35

Time may be less than 0.05 s provided that contacts become properly seated before re-opening. These Table off-times AIII. shall be not greater than the values

(31

specified

in

(41

3 000 operating cycles with reverse polarity.

with

one polarity

and 3 000 operating

cycles

A7.2.4.3

Mechanical Sub-clause

durability of Part 1 applies with the following addition:

7.2.4.3.1

The millions

preferred are: 0.001

numbers

of

no-load

operating

cycles

expressed

in

- 0.003

- 0.01

- 0.03

- 0.1

- 0.3

and

1. a class of correspondfrequency of

If no mechanical endurance is stated by the manufacturer, intermittent duty implies a minimum mechanical endurance ing to 8 000 h of operation at the highest corresponding operating cycles. i

48

is 13947( Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) A7.2.4.4 Electrical Sub-clause durability 7.2.4.3.2 of Part 1 applies with the following addition:

The total number the manufacturer. A8.3.3.3 Verification of

of

on-load

operating

cycles

shall

be

as declared

by

making

and

breaking

capacities the test values shall be in

See Sub-clause accordance with A8.3.4,1 Operational

8.3.3.3 Tables All performance

except that and Alll. test that

See Sub-clause accordance with A8.5 Special tests

8.3.4.1 except Table AIV.

the

test

conditions

shall

be

in

& the Resistance operational to mechanical performance service of Part

$ demonstrated A8.3.4.1. by

and/or ele.ctrical ,.wear is teSk detailed in Sub-clause conditions are 1) the following

Where Sub-clause

abnormal 7.2.4.3

expected (see also note tests may be necessary:

to

A8.5.1 A8.5.1.1

Mechanical Condition

durability of the

test equipment for tests service; manner in as particular, for normal

The equipment the conductors use.

shall .be installed shall be connected

as for normal in the same

During the test there shall circuit. The equipment may be is prescribed in normal service. A8.5.1.2 The A8.5.1.3 Operating equipment Test conditions shall

be no voltage or current lubricated before the test

in the main if lubrication

be operated

as

in

normal

service.

procedure

The tests are carried out at the frequency of operations corresponding to the class of intermittent duty. However, if the manufacturer considers that the equipment can satisfy the required conditions when using a higher frequency of operations, he may i do so.

bl

The number of ,pperating cycles to be than the number of no-load operating facturer.

carried cycles

out shall be not less stated by the manu-

49

Is 13947(Part 3) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) c) After carried to each out, clean tenth of the it is permissible the whole total number of before carrying without operations on with the has test: been

equipment

dismantling; is prescribed by the

to lubricate manufacturer to adjust the design of the d) This maintenance

parts for which lubrication for normal service; travel and the pressure equipment enables this to work shall not include any

of the contacts be done. replacement of

if

the

parts.

A8.5.1.4

Results

to be

obtained shall still at room used for

Following be capable temperature. connecting A8.5.2 Electrical

the tests of mechanical durability, the equipment of complying *with the normal operating conditions There sh?#l be no loosening of the parts the conductorg;. \, durability test

With respect to its resistance to electrical wear, an equipment is, by convention, characterized by the number of on-load operating cycles, corresponding to the different utilization categories given in Table AV which can be made without repair or replacement.

In all cases, the speed chosen by the manufacturer. The report stated

and

number

of

operating

cycles

shall

be

tests shall be taken as valid if the specified differ from the values in Sub-clause 8.3.2.2.2 of Part 1.

values recorded only within the

in the test tolerances

Tests shall be carried out with the equipment conditions of Sub-clauses A8.5.1 .l and A8.5.1.2 cedure, where applicable, of Sub-clause A8.5.1.3, ment of contacts is not permitted. After conditions operational specified the the test, and withstand equipment a dielectric not shall test fulfil

under the appropriate using the test proexcept that replace-

the of

normal twice applied

operating the only rated as

voltage

but voltage U,, in Sub-clause 8.3.3.2.2

less than 900 V, items a)1 and a)2.

IO

IS 13947( Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990)

TABLE
Verification of the Conditions corresponding

AV

number of on-load operating cycles for making and breaking to several utilization categories

Utilization category AC-Z AC-3

value of the rated operational current All values I, 5 17A Ie > 176

Make I/I, u/u, coso (1) 0.65 0.65 0.35 0.65 0.35 L/R (2) (ms) 2 7.5 v, 2.5 2.5 Ic'Ie 2.5 1 1 6 6

Break "Pe 1 0.17 0.17 1 1 t-e 1 1 cos@ (1) 0.65 0.65 0.35 0.65 0.35 L/R (2) (ms) 2 7.5

2.5 6 6 6 6 I/I,

1 1 1 1 1 u/u,

AC-4

Ie 5 17A I, > 17A

DC-3 DC-5 = = = Rated Rated

All values All values operational operational

c,, 2.5 2.5 current. voltage.

1 1

Ie "e I

Current made. In a.c. the conditions for making are expressed in r.m.s. symmetrical values but it is understood that the peak value of asymmetrical current, corresponding the power-factor of the circuit, may assume a higher value. Applied Power Current Tolerance Tolerance voltage. frequency broken. for cos@ for L/R and d.c. recovery voltage.

U "r I, (11 (21

= = =

: 20.05.
: 215%.

51

IS 13947(Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990)

APPENDIX CLEARANCES
AND

B
DISTANCES

CREEPAGE

Bl. Bl. 1

General
and creepage distances depend, to a Suitable values for clearances such as atmospheric conditions, the great extent on variable factors of the creepage paths and type of insulation employed,the disposition . conditions of the system in which the equipment is to be used. For these reasons, the selection of the proper values. is the responsibility of the manufacturer.

B1.2

It is recommended that the surface of the insulating parts designed with ridges so arranged as to break the continuity tive deposits which may form. 4 P

should be of conduc-

B1.3

Conductinq _ parts cover4 only with varnish or enamel, or protected . should not be considered as only by oxidation or a similar process, being insulated from the point of view of clearances .and creepage distances. Clearances and creepage following circumstances: distances shall be maintained under the

Bl 4

al

without external electrical connections, and on On the one hand, the other hand, when conductors, either insulated or bare, of the type and of any dimensions specified for the equipment, are inststalled according to the manufacturers instructions, if .any. After account interchangeable parts have been maximum permissible manufacturing possible ageing, which the changed, tolerances. taking into

bl
cl

Taking into consideration effect of temperature, short-circuit conditions

deformations either shocks, vibrations equipment is intended

due to the or due to to endure.

82.

Determination

of clearances

and creepage

distances
distances, it is recommended

In determining that the following

clearances and creepage points be considered:.

B2.1

In determining creepage distances, grooves at least and 2 mm deep are measured along their contour. Grooves dimension less than these dimensions and any groove neglected and only the direct clogged with dirt are measured. * i

2 mm wide having any liable to be distance is

52

. ...+_. ...
._ ., .

.. :.., :
a.

IS 13947(Part 3 ) : 1993 IEC Pub 947 - 3 ( 1990) distances, 2 mm high: ridges less than 2 mm high are

B2.2

I n determining neglected. Those

creepage at least

are measured along their component in insulating welding) ; are measured along profile of ridge, if insulating material. B2.3 the they

contour, material

if they are an (for instance

integral part by moulding

of

a or

shorter of two are not integral

paths: parts

length of joint of a component

or in

The application of the foregoing examples 1 to 11 of Appendix G of

recommendations Part 1.

is

illustrated

by

53

IS13947(Part3):1993 IECPub947-3(1990) APPENDIX ITEMS SUBJECT TO AGREEMENT C

.
.

BETWEEN

MANUFACTURER

AND

USER

Note.

For the purpose "agreement" "user"

of this appendix: is used in a very wide sense;

includes

testing

stations. regard to additions: clauses and sub-clauses

Appendix J of of this standard,

Part with

1 applies with the following

Clause or sub-clause number of this standard 4.4 7.1.6.1 Note Switching Operating locking 6f capacitors of

.$
or of

I tern

tungsten

filament provided for

lamps inter-

time

auxiliary

contacts

7.2.4.2 and Table 8.3.3.1

IV

Increase of the the operational

operating performance

rate

for

the

verification

of

Time interval greater cycles for making and of Ith > 400 A

than 30 s + 10 s between close-open breaking capacity test of equipment

For categories AC-23A and AC-23B testing of making breaking capacities by make cycles at 10 I followed the same number of make-break cycles at 8 Be

and by

8.3.3.3.3

Verification categories test circuit A.c. test capacity

of making and DC-22 and DC-23: by a motor

breaking capacities replacement of the

for utilization load of the

8.3.5.2.3

circuit test in

calibration the case of

for d.c.

the short-circuit equipment

making

Appendix A4.4 Table AI

Utilization

categories

other

than

those

listed

in

Table

AI1

Switching

of

rotor

circuits

54

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