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EP_BT001_E1_1 EPC Network Basic Principle

Targets

Upon completing the course, you will be able to:


Familiar with EPC basic theory Familiar with EPC system structure and interface Know EPC interface protocol stack Know key technologies of EPC network

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Contents

LTE/EPC Evolution EPC Network Structure EPC Interfaces and protocol stack EPC Key Technologies ZTE Solution and product

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EPC Network Basic Principle

Broadband Trend in Wireless Technology


WCDMA Evolution
GSM/GPRS EDGE 171/384kbps WCDMA R99/R4 384kbps HSDPA Phase I 1.8M/3.6Mbps HSDPA Phase II
7.2/14.4Mbps

HSPA+
DL >40Mbps UL >10Mbps

LTE
DL:100Mbps UL:50Mbps

HSUPA
2M/5.76Mbps

CDMA2000 Evolution CDMA 1X 153kbps


1xEV-DO Rev. 0 DL: 2.4Mbps UL:153.6kbps

1xEV-D0 Rev. A
DL: 3.1Mbps UL: 1.8Mbps

DO Rev. B
(MC DO) DL46.5Mbps UL: 27Mbps

IMT -Advance

4G
IEEE802.16m DL:100Mbps UL: 50Mbps

WiMAX Evolution
IEEE802.16d 20Mbps IEEE802.16e 70Mbps

2001-2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

Bandwidth in wireless network is increasing 10k100k1M10M100M The increasing in system capacity and frequency spectrum decreases the bearer cost of packet service every bit Many kinds of wireless technology co-exists at the same time

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EPC Network Basic Principle

Unified Packet Core Network Structure


2/3G Core Network
1 Two level architecture of user plane 2 control plane and user plane together 3 TDM /ATM adopted
SGSN GGSN
GERAN /UTRAN

3G DTS Mode Core Network


1 Flat core network 2 control and bearer separated partially 3 ALL IP bearer

EPC Architecture
1 Flat Core Network 2 Control and bearer separation 3 ALL IP bearer

ATM /TDM

GGSN

SAE-GW MME
eUTRAN

I P
ATM/ TDM

UTRAN

I P

SGSN

I P
SAE-GW LTE/EPC

SGSN 2/3G GGSN 3G-DTS

Unified IP bearer mode Unified flat network Unified control and bearer separation

GSM

Non-3GPP
TDSCDMA LTE

Unified Core Network

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EPC Network Basic Principle

Flatter Architecture
GGSN GGSN GGSN/ SAE-GW

SGSN SGSN

SGSN /MME

RNC

RNC RNC

RNC

eNodeB

NodeB NodeB NodeB NodeB eNodeB

Step 1 DTS is introduced in PCN: SGSN is in charge of signaling processing only, packets are transferred from GGSN to RNC directly. Step 2 Flatter architecture in RAN: RNC and NodeB is integrated to eNodeB for LTE and HSPA+
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EPC Network Basic Principle

Unified Core Network For Multi-RATs


GSM DNS DHCP WCDMA HLR/HSS/AAA Support network NTP GGSN SGSN LTE Internet& Sevice network MME

Service Continuity

SAE GW

Wimax AGW PDSN

SAE GW = Serving GW+PDN GW

Control Plane
CDMA

User Plane

Core network should support multiple access technology. Core network should support seamless mobility and service continuity across RATs. Core network should bridge the current to the future.
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EPC Network Basic Principle

Intelligent Data Service Awareness


Subscriber Control Event measurement Balance enforcement Purchase acknowledgement Account replenishment Service Differentiation Premium Service Service authorization Filtering

WiFi

WiMax

NodeB/BTS

CDMA1X EVDO GPRS EDGE UMTS HSPA WiMax WiFi LTE

AGW

Streaming Message Internet VPN

PDSN

GGSN

VOD
WAP LCS

SAE-GW

MBMS

Content usage collection and enforcement Popular application Popular content User profiling

Content based and comprehensive billing L3 or L4 billing URL billing event billing

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EPC Network Basic Principle

Smooth Evolution of Mobile Network


Service Network Voice Service Network (PSTN etc.)
Packet Service Network (Internet, Operator data service)

IMS

Core Network

Circuit Core

Legacy Packet Core

Evolved Packet Core

2G

3G

LTE

Non-3GPP

Phase Out over time


LTE 3G 2G

To pure EPS

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EPC Network Basic Principle

EPC standard Evolution

1
Feasibility study 2004.12~2006.6 network structure optimization feasibility study Export these protocols:
TR 23.882: "3GPP system architecture evolution (SAE): Report on technical options and conclusions"

2
Stage1 (requirement phase) Define SAE requirement. Finish at 2006.12 Export these protocols: 3GPP TS 22.278: "Service requirements for evolution of the system architecture:"

3
Stage2 (technique implementation Define SAE network structure, functional entity and interfaces. Finish at 2008. 6 Export these protocols
3GPP TS 23.401: "General Packet Radio Service (GPRS) enhancements for Long Term Evolution (LTE) access 3GPP TS 23.402: "3GPP System Architecture Evolution (SAE): Architecture enhancements for non-3GPP accesses"

4
Stage3 (protocol implementation) Define interface protocols. Finish at 2009.3 Current protocols are
3GPP TR 24.801: "3GPP System Architecture Evolution (SAE); CT WG1 aspects" 3GPP TR 29.803: "3GPP System Architecture Evolution (SAE): CT WG4 aspects" 3GPP TR 29.804: "3GPP System Architecture Evolution (SAE): CT WG3 aspects"

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EPC Network Basic Principle

Organizations Leading in LTE/EPC Ecosystem


Functional Requirements Standards Establishment LTE/SAE Trial Initiative

Members

PCG

TSG GERAN TSG RAN Sponsors TSG SA TSG CT

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EPC Network Basic Principle

3GPP Versions Released Records


3GPP Frozen Time WCDMA Mbps
DL UL

R99 Dec 99 0.384 0.384

Rel-4 Mar 01 0.384 0.384

Rel-5 Mar 02 14.4 0.384

Rel-6 Mar 05 14.4 5.76

Rel-7 Dec 07 28.8 11.52

Rel-8 Mar 09

Rel-9 Mar 10 42 or 82* 11 or 22

Rel-10 Mar 11

LTE/LTE-A Mbps

DL
UL

160
50

1000
500

Main Function

CS & PS, R99 Radio Bearers

BICC, TDSCDMA

HSDPA, IMS

HSUPA, MBMS, WiLANUMTS IWK

HSPA+ Phase I, LTE/SAE Feasibility

HSPA+ Phase II, LTE/SAE

LTE/SAE Enhance, LTE-Adv Feasibility Study

LTE-Adv

* HSPA+ = 42 Mbps @ 64QAM + MIMO, 82 Mbps @ DC-HSDPA

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EPC Network Basic Principle

EPC Features(1)

EPS provide access for various system Support roaming between different systems and within the same system Support IP based broadband access network beside 3GPP Higher performance including low latency, low link establish time and high quality Support roaming between EPS and between EPS and existing network Support 3GPP R7 and earlier PS network service, support communication between EPC and 3GPP R7 and earlier CS network

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EPC Network Basic Principle

EPC Features(2)

Support service continuity between different 3GPP access network, and between 3GPP and non3GPP system Support interconnection between fixed access system and support service continuity Support various service provided by operators such as voice ,video, message and file transfer Fully usage of system resources including frequency, terminal and power supply etc

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Contents

LTE/EPC Evolution EPC Network Structure EPC Interfaces and protocol stack EPC Key Technologies ZTE Solution and product

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EPC Network Basic Principle

Term Explanation
EPS EPC EUTRAN SAE LTE

Evolved Packet Core, refers to core network Evolved Universal Terrestrial Radio Access Network, refers to wireless network System Architecture Evolution=EPC, refers to core network Long Term Evolution=EUTRAN, only refers to wireless network

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EPC Network Basic Principle

EPC Network

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EPC Network Basic Principle

EPS interconnecting with S4 SGSN network 3GPP non-roaming scenario

TS 23.401 Non-roaming
UTRAN SGSN GERAN S3 S1 - MME MME PCRF S12 S11 S4 " LTE - Uu " S10 Serving S5 PDN Gateway SGi Operator ' s IP Services (e.g. IMS, PSS etc.) S7 Rx+ S6a HSS

UE

E - UTRAN S1 - U

Gateway

all IP structure flat network structure media and control plane separated interconnection with existing network 1-18

EPC Network Basic Principle

EPS interconnection with Gn/Gp GSN network ----3GPP non-roaming scenario


GERAN UTRAN S1-MME Gn/Gp SGSN S6a Gn MME Gn S10 UE E-UTRAN S1u S11 SGW S5 Gx PGW SGi PCRF Rx Gr HSS

Operator's IP Services (e.g. IMS, PSS etc.)

PGW provide Gn/Gp interface MME provide Gn/Gp interface

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EPC Network Basic Principle

Support 3GPP access, EPC NE functions


MME

Serving GW

PDN GW
Filtering based on user Lawful monitoring IP address assignment UL/DL transport layer data labeling PCC non-GBR DL rate control based on AMBR GBR DL rate control based on MBR DHCPv4 and DHCPv6client server DL/UL Bearer binding UL bearer binding check

Anchor point for hand off process between NAS signaling processing eNodeB NAS signaling security E-UTRAN data cache protection under idle mode and Mobility management triggering of network between different 3GPP side Service Request nodes process Tracing and reaching of Lawful monitoring idle mobile terminal Packets routing and TA List management forwarding Selection of PDN GW and UL/DL transport layer Serving GW data labeling Selection of MME and Statistics based on SGSN user and QCI (used for Lawful monitoring billing between Roaming control operators) Security authentication DL/UL billing based on Bearer management user, PDN and QCI Similar to control plane of SGSN Similar to user plane of SGSN

Similar to GGSN

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EPC Network Basic Principle

3GPP access structure (home routed)

HSS Gx S6a PDN Gateway HPLMN

PCRF Rx SGi Operators IP Services (e.g. IMS, PSS etc.)

VPLMN

UTRAN SGSN GERAN S3 S1-MME S4 MME S12

S8

S11 LTE - Uu UE E-UTRAN S1-U S10 Serving Gateway

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EPC Network Basic Principle

3GPP access structure (Local Break Out)


HSS
S6a

H-PCRF

Rx

HPLMN VPLMN UTRAN GERAN


S1-MME

S9

Home Operators IP Services

SGSN
S3 S4 S12 Gx S11

V-PCRF

MME
S10

"LTE-Uu"

UE

E-UTRAN
S1- U

Serving Gateway

S5

PDN SGi Gateway

Visited Operator PDN

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EPC Network Basic Principle

Non-3GPP Access Structure (S2a/S2b)


HSS SWx S6a Gxc Gx SGi 3GPP Access Serving Gateway S5 S2b ePDG SWn Gxa Trusted Non-3GPP IP Access SWu Untrusted Non-3GPP IP Access UE S6b Gxb SWm 3GPP AAA Server PDN Gateway Operator's IP Services (e.g. IMS, PSS etc.) PCRF Rx

S2a HPLMN Non-3GPP Networks

SWa

STa

PGW support S2a/S2b interface to implement non-3GPP access S2a support access from trusted non-3GPP, S2b support access from untrusted non-3GPP network S2a is based on PMIP and MIPv4, S2b is based on PMIPv6
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EPC Network Basic Principle

Non-3GPP Access Structure (S2c)


HSS SWx S6a Gxc Gx SGi 3GPP Access Serving Gateway S5 PDN Gateway Operator's IP Services (e.g. IMS, PSS, etc.) PCRF Rx

S6b Gxb SWm ePDG HPLMN Non-3GPP Networks SWn Gxa Trusted Non3GPP IP Access S2c S2c Untrusted Non -3GPP IP Access 3GPP AAA Server

SWa

STa

UE

S2c

PGW support S2c interface for the access of non-3GPP network S2c is the interface between UE and PGW, UE can get accessed from any network, no need to add new function on roaming network S2c is based on DSMIPv6 protocol
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Contents

LTE/EPC Evolution EPC Network Structure EPC Interfaces and protocol stack EPC Key Technologies ZTE Solution and product

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EPC Network Basic Principle

EPC Main Interfaces


interface
S1-MME S1-U S11 S3 S4 S6a S10 S12 S2a S5/S8

protocol
S1AP GTPv1 GTPv2 GTPv2 GTPv2 Diameter GTPv2 GTPv1 PMIPv6/MIPv4 GTPv2

Protocol number
36.413 29.060 29.274 29.274 29.274 29.272 29.274 29.060 RFC5213 29.274

Related NE
eNodeB - MME eNodeB S-GW MME S-GW MME SGSN S-GW SGSN MME - HSS MME - MME S-GW UTRAN P-GW Trusted Non3GPP IP Accesse S-GW P-GW

Interface Function
SM and MM info transfer Tunnel established between GW and eNodeB to transfer data GTP adopted to establish tunnel between MME and GW to transfer signal GTP adopted to establish tunnel between MME and SGSN to transfer signal GTP adopted to establish tunnel between S-GW and SGSN to transfer data and signal User location information switching and user profile information management GTP adopted to establish tunnel between MME to transfer signal Establish tunnel between UTRAN and GW to transfer data Transfer non-3GPP service data GTP adopted to establish tunnel between GW to transfer data

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EPC Network Basic Principle

EPC Main Protocol Stack


S1-AP SCTP IP L2 L1 eNodeB S1-MME S1-AP SCTP IP L2 L1 MME
GTP-C UDP IP L2 L1 S11 MME GTP-C UDP IP L2 L1 S-GW

GTP-C UDP IP L2 L1 S10 MME

GTP-C UDP IP L2 L1

Diameter SCTP IP L2 L1 S6a

Diameter SCTP IP L2 L1

MME

MME

HSS

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Contents

LTE/EPC Evolution EPC Network Structure EPC Interfaces and protocol stack EPC Key Technologies ZTE Solution and product

1-28

EPC Network Basic Principle

TA (Tracking Area) List ---- Optimization of Mobility Management


TA List2

TA List1

MME
TA 2 TA 4

TA 3 TA 1

TA 5

The Tracking Area Identity is constructed from the MCC (Mobile Country Code), MNC (Mobile Network Code) and TAC (Tracking Area Code).

Idea of TA List

All the tracking areas in a Tracking Area List to which a UE is registered are served by the same serving MME.
The MME may initiate the GUTI Reallocation procedure to reallocate TAI list at any time when a signaling association is established between UE and MME. The TAI list may also be reallocated by the Attach or the Tracking Area Update procedures The UE doesnt need trigger TA update procedure when the UE moves in the same TA List. 1-29

EPC Network Basic Principle

ISR (Idle Signaling Reduction) ---Optimization of Mobility Management


TA List2 TA List1

TA3 TA1 TA5 TA4

TA2
ISR

RA1
Combined area

RA3

Combined Area= TA List + RA


The

RA2

RA4

ISR is not recommended to deploy in commercial phase because of its complexity and less benefits. 1-30

UE doesnt need trigger TA update procedure when it moves in the combined area.

EPC Network Basic Principle

IPv4v6 Dual Stack EPS Bearer Handling


Bearer Type IPv4 Ipv6 IPv4v6 LTE Y Y Y 2/3G Y Y Y/N Note UE gets IPv4 address and forward IPv4 packet UE getsIPv6 address and forward IPv6 packet UE gets IPv4 and v6 addresses and forward IPv4 and IPv6 packets

IPv4v6 Bearer Advantage


Solve the problem of forwarding IPv4 and IPv6 addresses within user data in one PDP context, reduce the bearer context numbers needed

LTE and 2/3G bearer is one to one mapping

R8 network IPv4v6 Dual Stack Bearer Processing Method

Terminal

SGSN/MME
MME/SGSN send request to PGW to identify Dual Stack Flag on following conditions

PDN-GW

Bearer Type is decided by terminal capabilities IPv6 and IPv4 supported terminal ask for IPv4v6 IPv4 supported terminal ask for IPv4 IPv6 supported terminal ask for IPv6

PGW check the following conditions to judge if Dual Stack request can be accepted If this APN is not allowed to use two IP addresses, then only one IP address is assigned and return network preference to UE If this APN is allowed to use two IP addresses then assign IPv4 address and IPv6 address and accept the request

if UE signed Dual Stack return deny, otherwise return subscription limitation to UE whether UE can switch to network not support IPv4v6, if yes return single address bearers only to UE

Unclear of the capability of terminal ask for IPv4v6

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EPC Network Basic Principle

EPC Network Security Optimization


Security layer 1 Security layer 2

eNB Xu UE Xu
Security layer 1

S 1- C S 1 -U S 1- C S 1 -U

MME SAE GW
Evolved Packet Core ( EPC )

X2

eNB E - UTRAN

EPS Security and UMTS Security in Common

AS and NAS algorithms


EPS access authentication: AKA EPS security layers ASAccess Stratum security Security between UE and eNB E-UTRAN, including RRC signaling confidentiality, RRC signaling integrity and UP (User Plane) confidentiality NAS Non Access Stratumsecurity Security between UE and MME, including NAS signaling confidentiality and NAS signaling integrity Network Domain Security Security between layer 1 and layer 2, adopting NDS/IPsec

EPS Security and UMTS Security in Difference

SNOW3G AES ZTE support the above algorithms according to 3GPP 33series.

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EPC Network Basic Principle

Analysis of SGSN type in EPC Network


SGSN is GnGp SGSN SGSN is S4 SGSN
There is only one network that is EPC network; Only one set of contracted data is needed in operator network : HSS Only one set of DNS is needed in operator network : R8 DNS(EPC DNS); No problem in communication with non-3GPP network; There is only one set of billing system: EPC billing; Support ISR Good for extension of new functions

Advantage

Less modification to legacy GPRS network Not much modification to legacy 2/3G user service flow and feeling to the service Network structure is simple

Disadvanta ge

GnGp SGSN can not get user attribute and is unable to select GGSN and PGW Two sets of contracted data management: HLR and HSS Support of Pre-R8 DNS(GPRS DNS) and R8 DNS(EPC DNS) is needed Support of GPRS and EPC billing is needed ISR is not supported, it is implemented between S3/S4 SGSN and MME Not good for the extension of following new functions Problem in communication with non 3GPP network: the basic requirement in communication with non 3GPP network is PGW address should be anchored for non optimization switching, but the anchoring of PGW address is reached by inform HSS , but because Gn/Gp SGSN use HLR , it is impossible to inform HSS and save PGW in HSS

More modification to legacy GPRS network, it is required to upgrade the Pre-R8 SGSN to S3/S4 SGSN Network is complicated due to the introducing of S3/S4 SGSN especially because the communication with legacy GPRS network. Service flow and feeling for old 2/3G user is changed Service flow for 2/3G access is changed compared to legacy service flow in these two points:
It is requested that UE support network side initiation process, the initiation process is changed from UE initiate to network side initiate process; QoS negotiation is canceled, if wireless network can not meet the QoS requirement bearer will be deleted directly

Conclusion

For the long term development, S4 SGSN is preferred

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EPC Network Basic Principle

Choice 1: Interworking With S4 SGSN


S6d GSM Gb S4 SGSN S6a S4 UTRAN HSS

GTPv2 UDP IP L2 L1 S4 SGSN S3/S4

Service Continuity

Iu-PS
SGi S12 S1-U S3 S-GW S10 S5/S8 P-GW Internet& Sevice network

LTE

S1-MME MME

EPC

GTPv2 UDP IP L2 L1 MME/SGW

Diameter SCTP/TCP IP L2 L1 S4 SGSN S6d

Diameter SCTP/TCP IP L2 L1 HSS

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EPC Network Basic Principle

Choice 2: Interworking With Gn/Gp SGSN


GSM Gb Gn/Gp SGSN HSS Gr

Via Gn/Gp SGSN

Service Continuity

Gn/Gp Gn/Gp Iu-PS UTRAN S12 S-GW S1-U LTE MME S1-MME S10 S5/S8

S6a

SGi P-GW

Internet& Sevice network

EPC

Via S4 SGSN

To support GERAN/UTRAN handover from GERAN/UTRAN to LTE, the SGSN must be upgraded to R8 LTE to GERAN/UTRAN supported on pre R8 SGSN Does not support of R8 feature ISR Many protocols: GTPv0, V1 and V2, Diameter, MAP 1-35

Need upgrading on SGSN Support of R8 feature as ISR Fewer protocols in the network: GTPv2, Diameter

EPC Network Basic Principle

Mapping between R8 QoS and Pre R8 QoS


TV Music WEB

Stock

R7 Main QoS Profile


Traffic Class ARPGBRMBR Traffic Handling Priority Signalling Indication Source Statistics Descriptor Packet Delay Budget Packet Loss Rate

GGSN Pre R8 PCN SGSN

SAE-GW R8 EPC MME

R8 Main QoS Profile


QoS Class Identifier, QCI ARPGBRMBR UE AMBR APN AMBR

GERAN/UTRAN

EUTRAN

Principle for QoS parameters mapping according 23.401 Mapping of Bearer context, ARP, GBR,MBR is 1 by 1 Mapping of QCI to Traffic Class, Traffic Handling Priority, Signaling Indication, and Source Statistics Descriptor based on configuration and operators requirements More flexible mapping control could be supported Based on APN, subscriber type, IMSI mask
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EPC Network Basic Principle

Standardized QCI Characteristics


QCI
1 2 3 4 5 6 Non-GBR

Resource Type
GBR

Priority
2 4 3 5 1 6

Packet Delay Budget


100 ms 150 ms 50 ms 300 ms 100 ms 300 ms

Packet Error Loss Rate


10-2 10-3 10-3 10-6 10-6 10-6

Example Services
Conversational Voice Conversational Video (Live Streaming) Real Time Gaming Non-Conversational Video (Buffered Streaming) IMS Signalling Video (Buffered Streaming) TCP-based (e.g., www, e-mail, chat, ftp, p2p file sharing, progressive video, etc.) Voice, Video (Live Streaming) Interactive Gaming Video (Buffered Streaming) TCP-based (e.g., www, e-mail, chat, ftp, p2p file sharing, progressive video, etc.)

100 ms

10-3

8 9

8 9

300 ms

10-6

This QCI is typically associated with an operator controlled service, i.e., a service where the SDF aggregate's uplink / downlink packet filters are known at the point in time when the SDF aggregate is authorized.

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EPC Network Basic Principle

Voice Solutions for LTE


PSTN/PLMN INTRENET PSTN/PLMN
SCC AS MGCF IMS CSCF

INTRENET

HSS

HSS

MGW

MSCS

MME SGs

SAE-PGW

MGW

MSCS

MME Sv

SAE-PGW

CS

EPC

CS

EPC

RAN/GERAN

eNodeB

RAN/GERAN

eNodeB

CS fallback

IMS+SRVCC

Voice over 2/3G, data over LTE/EPC in LTE area Upgrade on MSC/MSCS Overlapped coverage of 2/3G and LTE No IMS Defined in 3GPP R8

All service over LTE/EPC in LTE area IMS needed Upgrade on MSC/MSCS Defined in 3GPP R8 (LTE->CS only)

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EPC Network Basic Principle

LTE Voice SolutionSRVCC


CS Domain E-MSC Server

4 Handover
GERAN Voice Service Continuity IMS Domain UTRAN MME SV EPS Domain

GTP UDP IP L2 L1
SAE-GW

GTP UDP IP L2 L1

MME

Sv

MSC Server

EUTRAN Voice service continuity initiated by PS handoverMSC-MSC handover and domain switch 2G/3G and E-UTRAN overlap in border area SV interface between MME and enhanced MSC develop based on S3 interface

Mature IMS network is deployed


HSPA/IMS to 2G/3G CS SRVCC solution is similar 1-39

EPC Network Basic Principle

LTE Voice SolutionSRVCC

Related NE modification

MSC

Support handover request sent from MME, and initiate CS bearer establishment and domain switch process Support IMS to CS domain switch explained in TS23.237 Can negotiate CS handover and domain switch Initiate MAP location update process on behalf of UE Divide voice and non-voice from PS bearer, for voice bearer initiate SRVCC handover, for non-voice initiate PS handover Negotiate PS handover and SRVCC handover Insert SRVCC VDN to MME during UE attach flow Need to inform network whether SRVCC is supported or not
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MMESGSN HSPA/IMS to 2G/3G occasion

HSS

UE

EPC Network Basic Principle

LTE Voice Solution CS Fallback


CS Domain

SGsAP
GERAN
E-MSC Server

SGsAP SCTP IP L2 L1

SCTP IP

UTRAN

SGs
EPS Domain

L2 L1

MME EUTRAN

MME

SGs

MSC Server

Voice service implemented by using CS lower layer architecture 2G/3G full coverage, that is E-UTRAN coverate area already covered by 2G/3G SGs interface supporting SGsAP based on SCTP developed upon Gs interface SMS service handled specially, NAS message forwarded by EPSamong which SMS related message encapsulatedimplement SMS communication between MSC and UE

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EPC Network Basic Principle

LTE Voice Solution CS Fallback

Related NE modification

UE

EPS/CS mobility management SMS special handling SMS special handling SGs interface protocol stack SGs interface special handling SMS special handling

MSC

MME

E-UTRAN

SMSCS paging handling


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Contents

LTE/EPC Evolution EPC Network Structure EPC Interfaces and protocol stack EPC Key Technologies ZTE Solution and product

1-43

EPC Network Basic Principle

ZTE Solution for broadband network


Unified network mgmt Unified user mgmt NetNuman USPP
S OSASCS S S S SCP IM-SSF S S SIP AS S S S S S S

Unified policy mgmt RAC

Features
6 unification

ZEPS

HLR/HSS/AAA/SPR

Service Platform

PCRF

Unified user data management Unified service control and billing policy Unified network management Unified mobility management node --- uMAC Unified gateway -- xGW Unified access network SDR merged network Support multiple network access, including mobile and fixed network access Flat structure Control and beaer seperation

uMAC

SGSN

GGSN

HA

SAE-GW

Unified gateway xGW

MME

AC/SR/BRAS

AGW

ePDG

Unified access network SDR

LTE

UTRAN/GERAN

WiMax / WiFi

xDSL/xPON

ZEPS (ZTE Evolved Packet Solution)


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EPC Network Basic Principle

ZEPS Advanced Platform


Control plane platform
PCRF SGSN MME AAA HSS ZXUN uMAC SAE GW BRAS GGSN

support at most 5000,000 user 99.999% reliability, complete redundancy backup mechanism high density processor, powerful service processing capability

User Plane Platform


New generation of high end SR platform 1.92T switching capacity, 64.8Mpps packer forwarding speed, 160G throughput Support 10GE interface, at most 40G by cascade Hardware QoS, support HQoS, support Qos management for single user per service 99.999% reliability, complete redundancy backup mechanism Powerful RoHC, DPI capability Embedded Firewall, complete security mechanism

AGW HA

PDSN ZXUN xGW


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EPC Network Basic Principle

ZTE Convergent Broadband Packet GW ZXUN xGW


Large Capacity: Tbps level packet GW, 1.92Tbps per cabinet Serialization: 18/72/160G serial products. Convergence & Evolution: Mobile access. Intelligence: Reliability: Intelligent service awareness and management >99.999% reliability, multi redundancy mechanisms with embedded DPI engine. seamlessly convergent for Fix &

T8000 Router Platform

September 2009 BBWF InfoVision Awards

1-46

EPC Network Basic Principle

ZXUN xGW provides telecom-grade Reliability


Firewall Unit

Build-in Firewall
Dedicated

FW module 10Gbps per board Multi-FW load share

Hot Spare Protection


GSU GSU GSU PFU FW GSU PFU N+1

ZXUN xGW

real time backup on subscriber data in service module. 1+1 backup for FW module

Site A
xGW1

Heart beat

Data synch

FW FW FW

Geographical Hot Spare Protection

Site B
Geographical

xGW2

backup on subscriber data, guarantee the session wont be disconnected. No extra support from other NE.

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EPC Network Basic Principle

Green EPC Making Greener Earth


Ava Power (W/Gbps)

Smart Power Supply


Monitoring power consumption in real time Adaptation of output power via automatic control module Power High Integration

High Integration
80 60 40 20

63 52 60 41

ZTE

Fan Switch Board

Service Board

Smart Power Control of Service Board Switch off un-used service boards in free time Switch off unused CPU within

Smart Fan Adaptation


Monitoring system temperature in real time Speed adaptation according to system temperature

service board
Smart Power Control of Switch Board Power on/off control on switch board according to traffic load

1-48

EPC Network Basic Principle

Intelligence: Easy Traffic Control and Management for Mobile Data


DPI
Identify

UBAS
Analyze

PCC
Control

UBAS
Report

Broadband Access
Content-based charging Bandwidth Management Subscriber Behavior Awareness Access Control Service Awareness Routing Management

Internet

disorder, unknown, uncontrollable traffic flow

Each bit generates profit for operators


Security Management

Subscriber Service Analysis-UBAS

manageable, visible and profit-driven traffic flow

P2P Upload P2P Download VoIP WebTV Video Conferencing Gaming email

1-49

EPC Network Basic Principle

ETCA Platform for ZTE RCP Products


CSCF MSCS

ETCA is the new generation unified all IP platform that designed for ZTE control and service layer products.

RCP (RACS/PCC
HSS/AAA/SPR

ETCA is based on ATCA architecture,


which fully meet the operators requirement of high performance, good reliability and expansibility.

ZIMS Series Products

uMAC

ETCA Platform Advantage

Open and standard architecture: Comply with PICMG3.0 R2.0 and IPMI 1.5 Good expansibility: Support performance expansion, memory expansion and I/O expansion High availability: Redundancy mechanism, fault tolerance function and trouble management function Efficiency, lower TCO: Energy saving, highly integrated design, board reuse, protect investment Easy maintenance: IPMI intelligent management platform, which provide equipment management, resource sharing, remote maintenance, system information backup, software online upgrade

1-50

EPC Network Basic Principle

Deployed in IMS SystemService QoS Policy Control


AF-application-identifier Service-info-status Reservation-priority Media-Type Max-request-bandwidth-UL Max-request-bandwidth-DL

CSCF P-CSCF

AS SIP P-CSCF Gq

Session control plane Resource Authorization Request Resource control plane ZXUN RCP Gx(x) Service Resource QoS Control ZXUN RCP Ia Re

SDF-filter QoS-Class-Identifier Max-Requested-Bandwidth-UL Max-Requested-Bandwidth-DL Guaranteed-Bitrate-UL Guaranteed-Bitrate-DL Bearer-Identifier Allocation-Retention-Priority

Rx

PS-GW

SR

Bear plane C-BGF


BRAS

Mobile access

Fixed access

Special policy control equipment (ZXUN RCP) is introduced to guarantee IMS service QoS 1-51

EPC Network Basic Principle

Deployed in IMS SystemCharging Correlation and Charging Rules Control


AF-application-identifier Service-info-status AF-Charging-Identifier SDF-filter Service-Identifier Rating-Group
Conditions Actions Online + Volume. Online + Duration. Offline + Event.

AF

IMS +Video Conf IMS + VoIP . IMS + MMS.

Reporting-Level
Online Offline Metering-Method AF-Charging-Identifier

SPR

ZXUN RCP

Internet PS Core PS-GW

OCS/OFCS

Charging correlation for both control plane and media plane to avoid repeated charging

Service flow based charging, which ensures more flexible and accurate charging.
1-52

EPC Network Basic Principle

Deployed in IMS SystemNAT Control

AF-application-identifier Service-info-status Media-Component -Description Reservation-priority

AF

Binding-Information

IP NAPT (IP_termination)

CLF

ZXUN RCP

NAT Mapping Relation 10.0.1.1/2001 <-> 202.93.2.1/4400 10.0.1.2/2002 <-> 202.93.3.1/4301

Internet
DSLAM

BGF
BRAS

10.0.1.0/24 Private network


Network topology hiding, enhance network security; Solve public/private network interconnection problem; 1-53

202.93.0.0/16 Public network

EPC Network Basic Principle

Deployed in Fixed/Wireless Broadband Data NetworkDPI Based Service Differential Control


Bearing Control/Service Control Layer
NMS/EMS BOSS SPR ZXUN RCP
Service QoS and Charging Policy Control Interface

Policy System

Bearing Network Layer


Access Network

DPI

DPI

DPI

Internet Voice

DPI

DPI

Video Service Networks

Terminate

L2 Aggregation IP Service Edge

Transform from pipe provider to service based subdivided operation Network resource utilization optimization

1-54

EPC Network Basic Principle

ZXUN RCP Deployment in HK CSL


PCC domain
ZXUN SPR ZXUN RCP meeting Video conference OA

AF
VoIP/Centrex

IM

web CE/PE GGSN PE Portal Server Music downl oad stock TV

PS Core

OFCS

OCS

Service domain (VAS)

ZXUN RCP &ZXUN SPR were deployed on the existing PS network to implement the subdivided operation and management 3.5M subscribers supported Include both prepaid and postpaid subscribers Phase 1 was already commercially launched 1-55

EPC Network Basic Principle

ZXUN SPR Deployment in HK CSL


PCC domain
ZXUN SPR ZXUN RCP meeting Video conference OA

AF
VoIP/Centrex

IM

web CE/PE GGSN PE Portal Server Music downl oad stock TV

PS Core

OFCS

OCS

Service domain (VAS)

A database to store PS domain profile policies Providing PCRF with subscriber profile policy information Providing profile policy query Providing profile policy notification Providing dynamic-usage access and update Providing operators with a service handling interface 1-56