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UNIVERSITY
OF
THE
PHILIPPINES
 COLLEGE
OF
LAW 


LAW
104:
TORTS
&
DAMAGES

1 st 
Semester
2010‐ 2011


Prof.

 Rommel
J.
Casis
 Rm.
302,
Malcolm
Hall 
 Email:
 prof.casis@gmail.com
 Consultation
 hours:
Thursdays
1‐ 4
pm
or
by
appointment
 



 Pre‐ requisite:

 
 Law
101:
Obligations
and
Contracts 
 
 Course
Description:
 

Pre‐ requisite:


Law
101:
Obligations
and
Contracts 

Course
Description:

The
law
of
torts,
quasi ‐ delicts,
and
damages
based
on
the
Civil
Code
and
relevant

special
laws 

Class
Requirements/Grading:

I. 

Recitation 

50
pts

II. 

Exam 

‐ 

50
pts

1
=
96
– 
100;
1.25
=
91– 
95,
1.5
=
86
– 
90;
1.75
=
81– 
85;
2.0
=
76
– 
80;


2.25
=
71
– 
75;
2.5
=
66
– 
70;
2.75
=
61
– 
65;
3
=
56
– 
60;
4
=
51
– 
55;
5
=
50
&
below

SYLLABUS 

1.
Week
1:
 

June
8,
10 

Topics: 

Class
requirements
and
other
administrative
matters

The
concept
of
a
tort
v.
quasi ‐ delict 

Damage,
damages,
and
injury
 


Readings: 
 Aquino,
Torts
and
Damages
(2005)
pp.
1‐ 11
 De
Leon,
Comments
and
Cases
on
Torts
and
Damages
(2004)
pp.
1‐ 3


Naguiat
v.
NLRC
269
SCRA
564


Vinzons‐ Chato
v.
Fortune
525
SCRA
11


Article
2176,
Civil
Code


Sison
(ed.),
Civil
Code
Reader
pp.
725‐ 728
 Sangco,
Philipine
Law
on
Torts
and
Damages
Vol.
I
(1993)
pp.
407‐ 413



Barredo
v.
Garcia
73
Phil
607


Elcano
v.
Hill
77
SCRA
98 


Cinco
v.
Canonoy
90
SCRA
369


Baksh
v.
 CA
219
SCRA
115
 Coca‐ Cola
Bottlers
v.
CA
227
SCRA
292


People
v.
Ballesteros
285
SCRA
438


Custodio
v.
CA
253
SCRA
438


2.

Week
2:
 


June
15 ,
 17 


Topics: 


Elements
of
quasi ‐ delict 
 Quasi ‐ delict
and
delict 
 Quasi ‐ delict
and
contract 


 

Readings: 
 Article
2176
 – 
2177
 De
Leon,
178
‐ 
181


PNR
v.
Brunty
506
SCRA
685


BPI
v.
Lifetime
G.R.
No.
176434.
June
25,
2008


Garcia
v.
Salvador
518
SCRA
568


 

Gregorio
v.
CA
G.R.
No.
179799.
September
11,
2009


Barredo
v.
Garcia
73
Phil
607


 

Andamo
v.
IAC
 G.R.
No.
74761.
November
6,
1990
 Occ ena
v.
Icamina
 G.R.
No.
82146.
January
22,
1990


L.G.
Foods
v.
Philadelfa
G.R.
No.
158995.

September
26,
2006


Article
1170‐ 
1172,
1174,
2178
 Cangco
v.
Manila
Railroad
38
Phil
768 
 FGU
Insurance
v.
Sarmiento
 G.R.
No.
141910.
August
6,
2002
 Calalas
v.
CA
 G.R. 
No.
122039.
May
31,
2000
 Batal
v.
San
Pedro
503
SCRA
666 


Fores
v.
Miranda,
105
Phil
266


 

Far
East
v.
CA
241
SCRA
671


Air
France
v.
Carrascoso,
18
SCRA
155



PSBA
v.
CA
205
SCRA
729


 

Syquia
v.
CA
217
SCRA
624


Light
Rail
Transit
v.
Navidad
 397
SCRA
75
 Consolidated
Bank
v.
CA
 410
SCRA
562
 De
Leon,
pp.
 157‐ 160


3.

Week
3:
 


June
22 ,
 24 


Topics: 


Concept
of
Negligence
 Standard
of
conduct 


 
 

Children


Experts 


Medical
professionals


 

Readings: 


Article
1173



Picart
v.
Smith
37
Phil
809


PNR
v.
Brunty ,
supra 
 Sicam
v. 
Jorge,
G.R.
No.
159617.

August
8,
2007.


PNR
v.
CA
G.R.
No.
157658.
October
15,
2007


Corinthian
Gardens
v.
Spouses
Tanjangco
G.R.
No.
160795.
June
27,
2008


Sangco,
Vol
I
pp.7 ‐ 8
 Taylor
v.
Manila
Railroad
16
Phil
8 


Jarco
Marketing
v.
CA
321
SCRA
375


Ylarde
 v.
Aquino,
163
SCRA
697
 Sangco
Vol
I
pp.
70 ‐ 74


Culion
v.
Philippine
55
Phil
129


US
v.
Pineda
37
Phil
456


Mercury
Drug
v.
De
Leon
G.R.
No.
165622.
October
17,
2008


Cruz
v.
CA
282
SCRA
188


Professional
Services
v.
Agana
513
SCRA
478


Cantre
v.
Go
522
SCRA
547


Cayao‐ Lasam
v.
Spouses
Ramolete
 G.R.
No.
159132.
December
18,
2008
 Lucas
v.
Dr.
Tuano
 G.R.
No.
178763.
April
21,
2009


4.

Week
4:
 


June
29 ,
 July
1 


Topics: 
 Degrees
of
Negligence
 Burden
of
Proof
and
presumptions
 Res
ipsa
loquitur 


Readings: 


 

Article
2231
Civil
Code


Amedo
v.
Rio
95
Phil
33


Marinduque
v.
Workmen’s
99
Phil
480


Ilao ‐ Oreta
v.
Ronquillo
535
SCRA
633 
 Sangco
Vol
I
pp.
10 ‐ 12
 Rule
131
 Section
1
 Rules
of
Court
 Articles
2184‐ 2185,
2188.
1734‐ 1735


Layugan
v.
IAC
167
SCRA
363


Ramos
v.
CA
321
SCRA
584


Tan
v.
 JAM
Transit
 G.R.
No.
183198.
November
25,
2009
 Cantre
v.
Go,
supra


Batiquin
v.
CA
258
SCRA
334


Professional
services
v.
Agana,
supra


DM
Consunji
v.
CA
357
SCRA
249


College
Assurance
v.
Belfranlt
538
SCRA
27 


5.

Week
5:
 


July
6, 
8 


Topics: 
 Defenses
against
charge
of
negligence


Plaintiff’s
negligence
is
proximate
cause 


Contributory
negligence
of
plaintiff 


Fortuitous
event


Plaintiff’s
assumption
of
risk/ volenti
non
fit
injuria 


Prescription


Readings: 


Article
2179
Civil
Code


Manila
Electric
v.
Remoquillo
 99
Phil
117


Bernardo
v.
Legaspi
29
Phil
12


Bernal
v.
House
54
Phil
327


PLDT
v.
CA
G.R.
No.
57079
September
29,
1989


NPC
v.
Heirs
of
Casionan
G.R.
No.
165969.
November
27,
2008


Article
2214
Civil
Code


Genobiagon
v.
CA
178
SCRA
422


M.H.
Rakes
v.
The
Atlantic 
7
Phil
359


Lambert
v.
Heirs
of
Ray
452
SCRA
285


Article
1174
Civil
Code


Juntilla
v.
Funtanar
136
SCRA
624 


Southeastern
College
v.
CA
292
SCRA
422


Sicam
v.
Jorge
supra
 College
Assurance
v.
Belfrantl
538
SCRA
27 


Afialda
v.
Hisole
85
Phil
67


Ilocos
Norte
v.
CA
179
SCRA
5


Nikko
Hotel
v.
Roberto
Reyes
452
SCRA
532


Sangco
Vol
I
81 ‐ 84


Kramer
v.
CA
178
SCRA
526


6.

Week
6:
 


July
13 ,
 15 


Topics: 
 Proximate
/
Remote
/
 Concurrent
cause
 Efficient
intervening
cause
 But
for/Substantial
factor
test 
 Cause
v.
Condition


Readings: 
 Bataclan
v.
Medina
102
Phil
181 
 Gabeto
v.
Araneta
42
Phil
252 


Far
East
v.
CA
297
SCRA
30


Phoenix
Construction
v.
IAC
148
SCRA
353


Dy
Teban
v.
Jose
Ching
G.R.
No.
161803.
February
4,
2008


Mercury
Drug
v.
Baking
 G.R.
No.
156037.
May
25,
2007
 Pilipi nas
Bank
v.
CA
234
SCRA
435 


Urbano
v.
IAC

157
SCRA
1


McKee
v.
IAC
211
SCRA
517


Manila
Electric
v.
Remoquillo
99
Phil
117 
 Teague
v.
Fernanez
51
SCRA
181
 


Philippine
Rabbit
v.
CA
189
SCRA
158


Rodrigueza
v.
Manila
Railroad
42
Phil
351 
 De
Leon,
pp.
221
‐ 225


7.

Week
7:
 


July
20 ,
 22 


Topic: 
 Last
clear
chance 


 

Readings: 
 Picart
v.
Smith,
supra 
 Bustamante
v.
CA
193
SCRA
603 
 Phoenix
v.
IAC
supra


Phil
Bank
of
Commerce
v.
CA
269
SCRA
695


Glan
v.
IAC 


Pantrangco
v.
Baesa
179
SCRA
384


Canlas
v.
CA
326
SCRA
415


Consolidated
Bank
v.
CA
410
SCRA
562


Engada
v.
CA

404
SCRA
478


PNR
v.
Brunty,
supra 
 Lapanday
v.
Angala
525
SCRA
229 
 Sangco
Vol
I
pp.
74 ‐ 81


8.

Week
8:
 


July
27 ,
 29 


Topics: 
 The
Tortfeasor
 Vicarious
liability 


 

Parents
/Guardians


Teachers



 
 Readings: 


Articles
2176,
2184,
2194
Civil
Code


Worcester
v.
Ocampo
22
Phil
42


Chapman
v.
Underwood
27
Phil
374


Caedo
v.
Yu
Khe
Thai
135
Phil
399


Articles
216
‐ 219,
221,
236
Family
Code
 101‐ 103
Revised
Penal
Code
 Sec.
6
Republic
Act
No.
9344 
 Articles
2180‐ 2181
Civil
Code
 Exconde
v.
Capu no
101
Phil
843
 Salen
v.
Balce
107
Phil
748 
 Elcano
v.
Hill,
supra 


Libi
v.
IAC
214
SCRA
16


Tamargo
v.
CA
209
SCRA
518


Mercado
v.
CA
108
Phil
414


Palisoc
v.
Brillantes
41
SCRA
548 


Amadora
v.
CA
160
SCRA
315


Salvosa
v.
IAC
166
SCRA
274


St.
Mary’s
Academy
v.
C arpitanos
376
SCRA
473


Philippine
Rabbit
v.
Phil
American
63
SCRA
231 


9.

Week
9:
 


August
3 ,
 5 


Topics: 
 Vicarious
Liability
 Owners/Managers
of
Establishments 
 Employers
 State 


 

Readings: 
 Phil
Rabbit
v.
Phil
American
63
SCRA
231 


Philtranco
v.
CA
273
SCRA
562


 

Lampesa
v.
De
Vera
G.R.
No.
155111.
February
14,
2008


Spouses
Jayme
v.
Apostol
 G.R.
No.
163609.
November
27,
2008
 Tan
v.
Jam
Transit
 G.R.
No.
183198.
November
25,
2009
 Saludaga
v.
FEU
 G.R.
No.
179337.
April
30,
2008


Castilex
v.
Vasquez
321
SCRA
393


 

Filamer
v.
IAC
212
SCRA
637


NPC
v.
CA
294
SCRA
209


Valenzuela
v.
CA
253
SCRA
303


Professional
Services
v.
Agana,
 G.R.
No.
126297.
 January
31,
2007,
 G.R.
No.
126297.
 February
11,
2008
 G.R.
No.
126297.
February
2,
2010


Mercury
Drug
v.
Huang
525
SCRA
427


 

Meritt
v.
G overnment
34
Phil
311


 

Rosete
v.
Auditor
General
81
Phil
453


 

Mendoza
v.
De
Leon
33
Phil
508


 

Fontanilla
v.
Maliaman
194
SCRA
486 


 

10.

Week
10: 


August
10 ,
 12 


 

Topics: 
 Independent
Civil
Actions


 
 

Violation
of
Civil
and
Political
Rights 


 

Defamation,
Fraud,
Physical
Injuries


Neglect
of
Duty 


 

Readings: 
 Articles
32‐ 35
Civil
Code


MHP
Garments
v.
CA
126
SCRA
227


Silahis
v.
Soluta

482
SCRA
660 
 Vinzons‐ Chato
v.
Fortune
525
SCRA
11
 Sangco
Vol
I
pp.
228 ‐ 233


Madeja
v.
CAro
211
Phil
469


Arafiles
v.
Phil
Journalists
426
SCRA
336


MVRS
v.
Islamic
G.R.
No.
135306.
January
28,
2003.


Capuno
v.
Pepsi
Cola
13
SCRA
658


International
Flavors
v.
Argos
 G.R.
No.
130362.
September
10,
2001


Corpus
v.
Paje
28
SCRA
1062


Bonite
v.
Zosa
162
SCRA
173


Jervoso
v.
People
189
SCRA
523


Dulay
v.
CA
24 3
SCRA
220
 Sangco
VolI
334‐ 338


11.

Week
11: 


August
17 ,
 19 


Topics: 
 Human
Relations
Torts 


 
 

Abuse
of
Rights


Acts
Contra
Bonus
Mores


Breach
of
promise
to
marry;
seduction
and
sexual
assault 


Malicious
prosecution


 

Public
Humiliation 


Unjustified
Dismissal


Illegal
Acts 


Dereliction
of
Duty


 

Unfair
Competition


Violation
of
Human
Dignity 


Readings: 
 Article
19
– 
21,
26
‐ 
28
Civil
Code


Velayo
v.
Shell
100
Phil
186


Globe
Mackay
v.
CA
176
SCRA
778 


Albenson
v.
CA
217
SCRA
16



Amonoy
v.
Gutierrez
351
SCRA
731


UE
v .
Jader
325
SCRA
804


Barons
Marketing
v.
CA
286
SCRA
96


Diaz
v.
Davao
Light
520
SCRA
481


Wassmer
v.
Velez
12
SCRA
648


Tanjangco
v.
CA
18
SCRA
994


Baksh
v.
CA
219
SCRA
115


Pe
v.
Pe
5
SCRA
200


 

Que
v.
IAC
169
SCRA
137


 

Drilon
v.
CA
270
SCRA
211


Magbanua
v.
 Junsay
515
SCRA
419


Grand
Union
v.
Espino
94
SCRA
953


Carpio
v.
Valmonte
438
SCRA
38


Quisaba
v.
Sta
Ines
58
SCRA
771 
 Garcia
v.
Salvador
supra 


St
Louis
v.
CA
133
SCRA
179


Gregorio
v.
CA
supra


 

12.

Week
12: 


August
24 ,
 26 


Topics: 
 Possessor
of
Animals
 Thrown/Fall ing
from
a
Building 


Death/injuries
in
the
course
of
employment
 Product
Liability 
 Interference
with
contractual
relations 
 Liability
of
local
government
units 
 Proprietors
of
buildings
 Engineer/Architect
of
collapsed
building 


Readings: 
 Articles
2183,
2193,
1711‐ 1712,
2187,
1314,
2189
‐ 2192,
1723
Civil
Code


Vestil
v.
IAC
179
SCRA
47


 

Dingcong
v.
Kanaan
72
Phil
14 
 Afable
v.
Singer
Sewing
Machine
58
Phil
39 


Alarcon
v.
Alarcon
112
Phil
389


97,
99,
106
Consumer
Act


Sangco
Vol
II
pp.
714 ‐ 734


Gilchrist
v.
Cuddy
29
Phil
542


So
Ping
Bun
v.
CA
G.R.
No.
120554
September
21,
1999


Lagon
v.
CA
453
SCRA
616


 

Guilatco
v.
Dagupan
171
SCRA
382 
 Quezon
City
v.
Decara
supra


13.

Week
13: 


August
31 ,
 September
2 


Topics: 
 Damages


 

Definition,
concept


 

Actual
or
Compensatory 
 Interest
 Mit igation
of
Liability 


Readings: 
 Articles
2195,
2197,
2216,
2199,
2200
– 
2206,
2208
‐ 
2215


PNOC
v.
CA
297
SCRA
402


 

Gatchalian
v.
Delim
203
SCRA
126


Yu
v.
Ngo
Yet
Te
G.R.
155868
February
6,
2007


Candanao
v.
Sugata ‐ On
G.R.
163212
March
13,
2007
 Mercury
Drug
v.
Huang,
supra 


People
v.
Buban
G.R.
170471
May
11,
2007


People
v.
Astrologo
G.R.
169873
June
8
2007


Quirante
v.
IAC
G.R.
No.
73886
(1989)


 

Yu
v.
Ngo
Yet
Te,
supra 


Gomez
v.
Gomex.Samson
G.R.
No.
156284.

February
6,
2007


Frias
v.
San
Diego‐ Sison
G.R.
No.
155223.

April
3,
2007.


14.

Week
14: 


September
7 ,
9 


Topics: 


 

Moral
Damages 


Readings: 


2217
CC



Kierulf
v.
CA
269
SCRA
433


2219‐ 2220


Sulpicio
Lines
v.
Curso
G.R.
No.
157009.
March
17,
2010


B.F.
Metal
v.
Lomotan
 G.R.
No.
170813.
April
16,
2008
 Exper t
Travel
v. 
CA
G.R.
No.
130030
(1999)


Mijares
v.
CA
271
SCRA
558


Industrial
Insurance
v.
Bondad

GR
No
136722
(2000)


Triple
Eight
v.
NLRC
299
SCRA
608


People
v.
Pirame

327
SCRA
(2000)


Carlos
Arcona
y
Moban
v.
CA
GR
No
134784
(2002)


Valenzuela
v.
CA,
supra 


Lopez
v.
Pan
American
16
SCRA
431


People
v.
Lizano
G.R.
No.
174470
April
27
2007


Strebel
v.
Figueros
96
Phil
321


ABS ‐ CBN
v.
CA
G.R.
No.
128690


Republic
v.
Tuvera
G.R.
No.
148246.

February
16,
2007


15.

Week
15: 


September
14 ,
 16 


Topics: 
 Nominal
Damages 
 Temperate
damage s
 Liquidated
damages
 Exemplary/Corrective
damages


 

Readings: 


 

Articles
2221‐ 2235
Civil
Code



 

Robes‐ Francisco
v.
CFI
86
SCRA
59


Francisco
v.
Ferrer
GR.
No.
142029


Gonzales
v.
People
G.R.
No.
159950.

February
12,
2007


Pleno
v.
CA
G.R.
No.
56505
(1988)


 

Ramos
v.
CA,
supra

 


 Republic
v.
Tuvera,
supra 
 Titan
v.
Uni ‐ Field
G.R.
No.
153874.

March
1,
2007
 People
v.
Dalisay
 G.R.
No.
188106.
November
25,
2009


PNR
v.
Ethel,
supra

PNB
v.
CA
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16.

Week
16: 


September
21, 
23 


Integration 
and
review