Capacitive Battery Charger

practical energy solutions
. . . today

How-To build & operate the simplest, most versatile, efficient and effective battery charger ever conceived, for less than $5.!!!

George Wiseman

Eagle-Research
Energy Solutions

since 1984

Patent-free Technology • Brown's Gas • Fuel Savers • Free Energy

www.eagle-research.com

5 things to know about this eBook 1. This eBook is best read using Adobe Acrobat Reader 2. This eBook is a direct electronic representation of the physical book, therefore, it is not optimized for viewing on a computer screen. You’ll need to scroll up and down to read the columns. We kept it this way to allow reference, to exact locations in all versions, when answering questions or addressing corrections. 3. The eBook page numbers may not match the PDF le page numbers. In ‘print’ books, there are commonly a number of pages, at the front and back, that are not numbered or use Roman numerals. PDF les typically start by numbering the front cover page 1. All our references to pages in this eBook will assume the ‘print’ page numbering. 4. This eBook has full page links over most of it’s pages. Clicking on a page will connect you to the Eagle-Research website (usually the Resources Section). Scroll using the sidebar. 5. This eBook was ‘State of Art’ when it was initially published. Today it is still excellent basic information. However, as always, our technologies improve, and information becomes obsolete, faster than we can print, publish and circulate updates. Our solution - Eagle-Research Online Resource sections that contain: Parts and services supplier information; application comments; options; updates; upgrades; support links; support documents; FAQ entries; wiki entries; blog entries; forum discussions; test results;, product installers; product manufacturers; post-publication technical corrections. Since 1984 Eagle-Research has been committed to gathering energy information from diverse sources, experimenting with it , merging possibilities into actuals and distributing solutions that empower the individual. The Eagle-Research Online Resources will help you start your project with the latest information ... then continue to upgrade your projects when new information becomes available.

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Eagle-Research
Energy Solutions

since 1984

Patent-free Technology • Brown's Gas • Fuel Savers • Free Energy

www.eagle-research.com

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EAGLE-RESEARCH MISSION
Eagle-Research is an organization that develops and distributes practical energy solutions. We define practical as simple, inexpensive, environmentally-considerate, easy to build, low maintenance and, applicable to small scale energy needs. We gather information from diverse sources, perform comprehensive experiments using rigorous standards, then publish how-to books to share the results with other researchers and the general public. We believe that writing books insures that these technologies will be secured public knowledge, and that our patent-free philosophy promotes increasingly better energy solutions. Eagle-Research does not accept government grants. The money from the sale of our books and devices is used to finance on-going research.

DISCLAIMER
This book is sold for research and/or experimental purposes only. Therefore the results, which will vary according to the user’s knowledge, expertiseand application should be considered strictly experimental. George Wiseman, his associates and/or distributors, assume no responsibility for damage or injury due to the reader’s use or misuse of information or instructions presented herein. Although care is taken to present accurate information: “If we knew what would happen, it wouldn’t be an experiment.” Therefore, the author will not retroactively inform or reimburse buyers if (when) there are corrections or updates to this book. Contact Eagle-Research for the latest developments. If the conditions outlined in the proceeding paragraphs are not acceptable, the buyer will return the book immediately to the seller, for a full refund.

WORK IN PROGRESS
Eagle-Research is a research and development organization dedicated to finding the best possible energy solutions. Because the nature of research and development is an evolving process, we are continually improving on the technologies we are working with. Though we’re proud of our commitment to constant and never-ending improvement, we do recognize there is an unfortunate side-effect: Our ‘best’ today will pale in comparison to our ‘best’ tomorrow. At any given date, the Eagle-Research discoveries, which are distributed in the form of web information; books; videos or devices, are at varying stages of development. Therefore, by the time our most up-to-date ‘best’ can be compiled, organized, produced & distributed, we’ve already improved upon the information. We’re working as fast as we can.

EAGLE-RESEARCH ADVOCATES PATENT-FREE TECHNOLOGY
“I differ from most inventors in many ways. For one, I actually make my living and finance continued research by inventing. Two, I don’t hold-back ‘secrets’ of my innovations. Three, I do not patent my work. It is distributed worldwide as public knowledge, so no one else can patent it either. Actually, the patent office is very inefficient and people have gotten patents on my technology... usually to fraud investors. However, the patent is worthless. Patent law states public domain information is not patentable.

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As more work and research gets done, we will write further books in each of our lines of research. By writing a series of books in this manner, we can keep you updated on the latest information on energy saving research. Selling information is how we make money to continue our research. Therefore, you will not do yourself or your friends a favour if you copy this book to distribute to your friends. In doing so, you deprive us of funds to advance the research that will help us all.

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1. Concept: I think I have an idea! 2. Research Assistant: compiled research to develop a working theory 3. Theory: explore research to develop proof of concept experiments 4. Proof of Concept: hands-on; try methods to make design of prototype possible 5. Initial Prototype Design: to begin experimental prototype 6. Practical spinoff: useful technology developed that is not the main line of research 7. Experimental Prototype: working experiments; proof of technology 8. How-To manual: comprehensive instructions 9. Kit: assembly of parts 10. Device: including operation manual

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Capacitive Battery Charger
Super Efficient, Versatile and Simple. by George Wiseman, Copyright Oct., 1996, Nov., 2009 This battery charger will be called the Capacitive Battery Charger or CBC in this document. The CBC was developed as a spinoff of Eagle-Research’s Energy Conserver technology. The potential to use this circuit for battery charging and for other project power supplies became immediately apparent. The CBC uses capacitors instead of a transformer to change high voltage into low voltage. The home builder can upgrade the CBC to a larger amperage any time he (or she) desires, with no efficiency loss. This battery charger has several other advantages when compared to battery chargers using transformers to “step down” high voltage AC into low voltage AC. (1) The CBC is less expensive to build because capacitors are easier to make than transformers and require less actual material. (2) The CBC is lighter in weight, although about the same size, compared to transformer battery chargers of the same capacity. (3) The CBC is easier to design, for any particular application, because you don’t need to worry about all the factors involved in matching the transformer inductance to frequency, voltage and amperage. With the CBC, you simply add or subtract capacitors to get any

amperage you want; frequency and voltage are negligible concerns. (4) The CBC has much less “electrical” loss. Transformers typically get warm and buzz when in operation, all warmth and noise is lost electricity. Capacitors stay cool and nearly noiseless. The only “loss” in a capacitor is when electrons actually cross the resistance of the dielectric between the capacitor plates inside the capacitor. High quality capacitors have extremely little loss. (5) The extreme simplicity of the CBC allows people to assemble battery chargers from surplus parts or used parts that can be obtained for free or at little cost. (6) The CBC automatically adjusts its voltage to the battery voltage it is applied to, plus the voltage needed to push the required amperage through the battery. (7) You can charge batteries of various voltages in series or similar voltages in parallel. This increases the versatility of the CBC. The CBC can charge several batteries at once (in series) at a high amperage rate. For example, a one amp CBC will charge 2 six volt batteries and three 12 volt batteries equals 48 volts, all at one amp and all at the same time. A one amp CBC maintain a large battery pack (in parallel) by splitting the constant amperage between all the batteries. If you have six batteries in the 12 volt battery pack (in parallel), then each battery will receive 1/6 of an amp, constantly. (8) No matter what the battery voltage, the amperage (current) of the CBC stays constant. Constant

current chargers are noted as the best means of charging a battery. (9) You adjust the CBC amperage easily by adding or subtracting capacitance. You can add capacitance by the flip of a switch, thus you have a very efficient variable rate charger. (10) It doesn’t hurt the CBC to “short” the terminal leads, in fact, this is the recommended storage position. Clamp the terminal leads together. If the power is turned on while the leads are clamped together the CBC will draw no power from the AC source and there is less danger of getting shocked. Of course, if the leads are not hooked onto anything, there will be no power draw from the AC source either, but there is a high voltage danger. (11) Even low amperage CBC’s seem to charge batteries much faster than their higher amperage transformer counterparts. I believe this effect is a by-product (not only of the natural high efficiency of the CBC but) of the particular wave pulse formed by the rectified high voltage AC with capacitive feedback and the battery itself doing the “clamping”. (12) It is a tested fact, that my CBC of the same amperage as my transformer charger “draws” 57% less power from the AC source, tested by a watt-meter. I’m sure that there are transformers of greater efficiency than the one I tested. But this should indicate to you how I assembled in a few minutes from surplus parts ($5) a battery charger that flat out beat a “store bought” charger, for which I paid $40.00. This test can easily be confirmed with the utility watt-hour meter that 1

Capacitive Battery Charger / www.eagle-research.com

meters the power into most homes and businesses. The formula to figure watts from your watt-meter is Number of revolutions of the wheel (I usually do one rev.) times Kh (read Kh on face of meter, most will be 7.2) times 3600 (seconds) this product is divided by the time (in seconds) that it took to turn the number of wheel revolutions above. The answer is watts. #Rev. X Kh X 3600 = watts time of #Rev. To get “joules” (watt-seconds) you multiply the watts you just got times the seconds it took to turn your watt-meter wheel revolutions. There are 3600 watt-seconds (joules) in an hour. There are 3,600,000 watt-seconds (joules) in a kilowatt hour. (13) Plugging any CBC into 240 AC volts instead of 120 AC volts, will simply double the amperage output. Thus you can get more amperage capacity if your capacitors are rated for the higher voltage. Be sure your capacitors are rated for 240 volts. (14) The CBC works just as well on 50 cps as 60 cps (cps = cycles per second or Hertz); thus it can be applied anywhere in the world. As a general rule, increasing the cps of the AC source will increase the amperage output of the CBC. (15) Small transformers are notoriously inefficient. Thus, especially in small applications, capacitive power supplies are doubly effective. (16) In addition, I see the CBC becoming the charger of choice for electric vehicles. It is super efficient and reliable. It is insensitive to frequency and voltage 2

fluxuations. It is inexpensive to build and can be built in many small components without losing efficiency. This makes it easy to tuck the CBC into odd shaped spaces in an automobile. Because they operate “cool”, there is no need to design ways to get rid of the excess heat. It has a unique “wave form” that is particularly good for charging batteries. (17) The CBC will charge batteries that transformer chargers have trouble with. For example, a lot of heavily sulfated batteries are tough for a transformer charger to charge because they can’t get their voltages high enough. The CBC will charge them with little trouble because the voltage is whatever it takes to overcome the resistance. My transformer charger, while charging one amp @ 12.10 VDC, was drawing (according to my volt and amp meters) .4 amp @ 120 VAC “from the wall”. It took 546 seconds to turn the watt-meter wheel one turn. Thus it actually draws 23.74 watts. Since it is using 23.74 watts to put 12.10 watts into the battery, it is 51% efficient. The product of 546 seconds (for one wattmeter wheel) and 23.74 (watts) is 12962.04 (joules). My one amp CBC (charging at 12.10 VDC) takes 945 seconds to turn the watt-meter wheel one turn. Thus it draws 13.71 watts. Since it is using 13.71 watts to put 12.10 watts into the battery, it is 88% efficient. The product of 945 seconds (for one wattmeter wheel) and 13.71 (watts) is 12955.95 (joules). Note that the joules are nearly a perfect match, showing the comparative efficiency of using the wattmeter as a measuring device in this case. My watt-meter Kh is 3.6.

We divide 546 by 945 to get 57.77% comparative efficiency between the transformer charger and the capacitive charger. I think other people in the past have come up with this idea but have been “fooled” by the strange way you have to look at electricity to see how efficient the CBC is. When one amp is “flowing” in one part of a circuit, it is flowing in all parts of the circuit. Normal electricians see amperage times voltage equals watts; which is normally true. So when they read one amp and 120 volts coming from the AC source, they assume that it is 120 watts, without even testing with a watt-meter. In this case, such an assumption is wrong because of the characteristics of the circuit that makes the CBC. You have capacitors in the circuit and capacitors do not “consume” any power (ideally). Thus, the “voltage drop” across the capacitors must be subtracted from the source voltage to get a better understanding of the actual wattage “draw” of the CBC. In the example above, where we “draw” one amp from the AC source, at 120 volts; we find that the AC voltage reading across the capacitor (24 uf), while charging a 12 DC battery is about 118 VAC. So if we multiply (120 VAC - 118 VAC ) X 1 amp = 2 watts. In actual fact the CBC is not quite this efficient, if it were so it would be charging the battery (12 VDC X 1 amp = 12 watts) with 12 watts while only drawing 2 watts from the wall. There are other factors which reduce the CBC efficiency. However, the CBC efficiency is well above transformer chargers, at least the ones I’ve tested.

www.eagle-research.com / Capacitive Battery Charger

Eagle-Research
Energy Solutions

since 1984

Patent-free Technology • Brown's Gas • Fuel Savers • Free Energy

www.eagle-research.com

Dear Alternative and Sustainable Energy Enthusiast, I’m a full time self-employed inventor. I research things that interest me, for use in my own life. The plans I sell are not just some armchair theorist brainstorming (though I usually start a project that way). I build the projects and make them work. They need to (and do) work because I use them myself. I develop them, redesign them, refine them and once I’ve figured out how to ‘DO IT’ in the most practical way I can... I DO NOT PATENT! I write a book; the books allow me to 1. Help (teach) a LOT of people AND 2. Bring in the money I need to pay bills and fund further research. 3. Make sure the technology is not lost if/when the Vested Interest finally shuts me down. I’ve been a self-employed inventor since 1986 (started Eagle-Research in 1984). I (and thus Eagle-Research) am ENTIRELY SELF FUNDED, literally from satisfied customers. I do not accept Government grants or any money from anywhere that has any strings attached. Selling these books is how I fund research worth millions of dollars (and bypassVested Interest Suppression). Most of the money I make and years of my time go into to developing (and upgrading) innovations. Innovations that you can now know for the price of a book. This is why, when people copy and/or give away my books, they hurt 1. Me (copyright violation and loss of income), 2. YOU (you are denied technology upgrades on technology you’ve purchased), 3. All of society (everyone is denied practical innovation choices that could have been)… On Scribd.com, otherwise well-meaning and enthusiastic people uploaded my books, which were downloaded (for free) over 10,000 times. That could have financed my Gravity Machine or an improved Free Energy Accumulator... To help enthusiastic people spread the word LEGALLY, we’ve started an affiliate program. As an affiliate, you will get PAID when you refer people to us and they buy any of our products. By now you’ve likely realized that most of this book’s pages are not included in this free preview. You can find a full authorized latest edition of all our books and kits in our eStore. http://www.eagle-research.com/store/ All products sold with 100% money back Satisfaction Guarantee. Use coupon code “ Scribd130313 ” to get a one time 20% discount on an order (good until 2016). You can also find a (purchase separately) online Resources that keeps this technology current as there are corrections, upgrades, options, proofs, FAQ, Blogs, Forums, links, similar research by others, etc. (plus a lot of free information) You can also subscribe to my eNews (see website sidebar) to stay informed on what’s happening. I thank you for your interest and I look forward to helping you achieve what I’ve already done.

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Eagle-Research
Energy Solutions

since 1984

Patent-free Technology • Brown's Gas • Fuel Savers • Free Energy

www.eagle-research.com

Welcome to our world, where you can join our team to make energy independence happen without depending on politicians or any other Vested Interest. We don’t patent and we encourage you to join our efforts by sharing your thoughts and results. We act as an information gathering point for the shared thinking of you and many others, each giving the unique perspectives that, collectively, result in fast effective technological advances. We then experiment to merge the most practical solutions and then share the updated information, so each of us benifits fully from the input of thousands of minds. We’ve been doing this since 1984; they now call this technique ‘open-source’:) Our books were our ‘State of Art’ when written, and in many cases are still ahead of ‘public’ knowledge. But our technologies improve quicker than we can print and distribute updates. So we have implemented an internet based solution to the challenge of keeping you updated with the latest corrections, updates, options and other resources that will help you incorporate the newest and best innovations into your life. When you buy our Products and Kits, from our eStore, the website automatically authorizes your eStore account to access the applicable secure sections of the Eagle-Research online Resources; where the latest (constantly upgraded) information is placed. This method assures that the people who have financed the research (by purchasing the eProduct) will have the latest information that results from their financial input. Note: At this time Eagle-Research eBooks are not automatically authorized to access their (optional) online Resources. For eBooks you need to purchase the applicable Resources separately, independently from the purchase of the eBook. Also, purchase of online Resources does NOT include the eBook. When you feel you are ready for the latest, updated, information, you can go to the Eagle-Research eStore: http://www.eagle-research.com/store/ and buy this eBook and (if you choose) it’s related online Resources. Be sure to subscribe to the Eagle-Research eNewsletter to be informed when new information is available. To subscribe: see the left sidebar of most of the website pages or go to: http://www.eagle-research.com/cms/eagle-research-enotices Again, welcome :) May the Blessings be, George Wiseman, JOAT, President, CEO of Eagle-Research.com

Canada: 160 Panorama Ridge, Box 21017, Penticton, BC, V2A 8K8 • USA / Int'l: 1306 Main St., Oroville, WA 98844

Eagle-Research
Energy Solutions

since 1984

Patent-free Technology • Brown's Gas • Fuel Savers • Free Energy

www.eagle-research.com

Here are some tips to help you enjoy the current features of the Eagle-Research website (we are adding more). The login page is at https://www.eagle-research.com/cms/user Once you enter your username and password, you will be able to access your account. Once logged in, go to 'My Account' (under your name in the sidebar), then click the 'edit' tab. Change whatever information you wish and then VERY IMPORTANT... click the 'Save' button before going to another page or tab. In your account you can: 1. Personalize / update your profile (you decide what is kept private, we do NOT give out personal information). This includes changing your username, password and eMail address, etc. We prefer if YOU change your email address, to prevent ‘plishing’, (people pretending to be you). You have the option to change your shipping address when you place an order (otherwise there is no need). 2. Subscribe / unsubscribe to / from the Eagle-Research eNotices. (eNotices allow us to inform you of new products, upgrades, deals, interesting and timely news) 3. Check on your order(s) status and history. 4. Access your eBook downloads (be sure to download them before they expire). 5. Access your online Resources (you must be logged into your account or the website will not unlock the Resources you've purchased) 6. Update your username, email address, password, add a picture: Once in your account, click on EDIT and you'll see where to change all these (and more) account details. (remember to click SAVE after making changes) IF YOU ARE HAVING TROUBLE WHEN YOU THINK YOU ARE LOGGED IN... Log out and log back in again. The ER website automatically logs off users that have been inactive for a period of time (it's part of the security protocol). Most web browsers 'cache' viewed pages. So it may ‘look’ like you are logged in because you are looking at a page that was cached in your browser when you were logged in, but in reality you are no longer logged in and thus get 'access denied' error messages. Speed tip: stay logged out unless you need to be using one of your user privileges. The website caches the 'general public' pages for quick viewing by anyone but has to build a 'custom' page each time for logged in users. So when you are logged in, the pages will take longer to load. ----------------------------FORGOT YOUR eSTORE PASSCODE? Request a password reset from the the eStore. It’ll email you a ‘temporary login link’ to your registered email. Once you are in your account you can change your passcode to anything you desire. DON’T FORGET TO click SAVE before you leave the page or the eStore will NOT save your changes ----------------------------SHARE YOUR EXPERIENCE – HELP OTHERS - WRITE A REVIEW Your story will help other people and further the advancements of practical alternative energy solutions. 1. Go to https://www.eagle-research.com/store/ 2. Log in to your profile. 3. Click on the category of the product (in the eStore) you wish to comment on. 4. Click on the specific product(s) to get to the ‘more information’ page. 5. Click on Write a Review

Canada: 160 Panorama Ridge, Box 21017, Penticton, BC, V2A 8K8 • USA / Int'l: 1306 Main St., Oroville, WA 98844

WHO IS GEORGE WISEMAN
George Wiseman is the founder and president of Eagle-Research, a non-profit organization that develops and distributes energy-saving solutions. He is multi-talented and multi-degreed, but singular in his mission: to promote self-sufficiency at the individual level by discovering and sharing the best, all-around, practical solutions. George attributes his self-reliance, resourcefulness and commitment to our natural environment, to his rural roots. “Dad didn’t believe in having any equipment on the place (hobby farms in Montana, Oregon, Alaska and finally a ranch in British Columbia) that we couldn’t fix ourselves. We had running water if we ran and got it. And electricity was something that came in batteries”. His farmgrown, western cowboy philosophy combine well with his inventor persona to create a world-class visionary. He takes the hand-up rather than the hand-out approach to everything. Since 1984, George has been making his living as an inventor and author. His fuel-savers have gained him a worldwide following of satisfied consumers who eagerly pursue his work for new offerings. George continues to impress his customers, peers and competition with practical innovations that can be successfully home-built. His latest product, the ERxxxx WaterTorch, is making great waves in dozens of industries around the globe. As much as anything, it’s his commitment to patentfree technology development that has earned George Wiseman a champion reputation. Openly sharing research findings benefits everyone by constantly elevating the standards of viable energy solutions. George’s work has been featured on radio and in newspapers around North America and at many ‘alternative’ energy gatherings including the International Tesla Society Symposiums and Exotic Research Conferences. He lives with his bride, Tenaj, and their brood of cats, in a lush valley of the Rocky Mountains. Individuals wishing to participate in the project may access the required reading list, that will be updated from time-to-time, on the Eagle-Research website: (www.eagle-research.com) Comments and/or contributions are invited from anyone who is committed to cultivating dream seeds. Nay-sayers are better not to waste their time. Negative input will be wholeheartedly disregarded.

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