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# By Kacha K. and Tanjira T.

8E

Pascals Triangle
One of the most interesting Number Patterns is Pascal's Triangle (named after Blaise Pascal, a famous French Mathematician and Philosopher). To build the triangle, start with "1" at the top, then continue placing numbers below it in a triangular pattern. Each number is just the two numbers above it added together (except for the edges, which are all "1"). (Here I have highlighted that 1+3 = 4)

Fibonacci Sequence
The Fibonacci Sequence starts "1, 1" and then continues by adding the two previous numbers, for example 3+5=8, then 5+8=13, etc.

As shown in the diagram below, the first arrows find a 1 each time. The third arrow passes through 2 ones, making a sum of 2. The fourth arrow passes through a 1 and a 2, making a sum of 3. The next goes through 1, 3 and 1, making a sum of 5. Similarly, the next arrow shows 1+4+3=8, then 1+5+6+1=13 and so on. The sums are shown at the ends of the arrows: 1,

## By Kacha K. and Tanjira T. 8E

Polynomials
Pascal's Triangle can also show you the coefficients in binomial expansion:

Power
2 3 4

Binomial Expansion
(x + 1) = 1x + 2x + 1 (x + 1) = 1x + 3x + 3x + 1 (x + 1) = 1x + 4x + 6x + 4x + 1 ... etc ...
4 4 3 2 3 3 2 2 2

Pascal's Triangle
1, 2, 1 1, 3, 3, 1 1, 4, 6, 4, 1

Now look at just the coefficients (with a "1" where a coefficient wasn't shown):

They actually make Pascal's Triangle! Each number is just the two numbers above it added together (except for the edges, which are all "1")
(Here I have highlighted that 1+3 = 4)

## A relation in Pascals Triangle

So in here, we can see that in the Pascals Triangle have the counting numbers (brown color). And also the odd number there(Purple)

If you color the Odd and Even numbers, you end up with a pattern the same as the Sierpinski Triangle

## By Kacha K. and Tanjira T. 8E

Conclusion
Pascal's triangle is a pattern found in certain numbers when arranged a certain way, developed by the ancient Chinese. Pascals triangle is important for the education because it help us in expanding Binomials. Without the Pascals Triangle, we would have a hard time thinking of how to expand the Binomials. In this project, it helps me to understand more of how to expand the Binomials and it teaches me many things. It makes the lesson more fun because it has the trick in itself. Pascal's Triangle can show you how many ways heads and tails can combine. This can then show you the odds of any combination.