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HYPOTHESIS

Sheshadri.

HYPOTHESIS
A hypothesis is an assumption or a statement that may or may not be true.

It is tested on the basis of information obtained from a sample.

Tests

are widely used in business and industry for making decisions.

DEFINITION

CHARACTERISTICS

A completed suggestion

unknown validity

relation between two or more variables

Simple, specific, and clear

Capable of verification

FUNCTIONS

specific aspects of a research problem is to investigate what data to be collected and what not to be collected

To improve of objectivity of the study

TYPES OF HYPOTHESIS

working hypothesis Null hypothesis

Alternate hypothesis

Descriptive hypothesis
Relational hypothesis

Casual hypothesis
statistical hypothesis

WORKING HYPOTHESIS

While planning the study of a problem, hypothesis are formed. In such cases, they are referred to as working hypothesis.

Example: The new drug is more effective than the existing drug ?

NULL HYPOTHESIS

statement reject or wrong ? A null hypothesis is formulated against the working hypothesis; opposes the statement of the working hypothesis Example : The new drug is more effective than the existing drug ? The new Samsung mobile is more effective than the existing Samsung mobile ?

ALTERNATE HYPOTHESIS
An alternate hypothesis is formulated when a researcher totally rejects null hypothesis,

Totally opposite of null hypothesis

Example The new drug is more effective than the existing drug ?

DESCRIPTIVE HYPOTHESIS

Depend upon the size, form or distribution. it may be object , person, organization, situation or event.

Example the rate of unemployment among arts graduates is higher than the commerce graduates

RELATIONAL HYPOTHESIS

Relation between variable, that may be positive or negative.

Examples upper class people have fewer children than the lower people

CASUAL HYPOTHESIS

state that the existence of, or a change in, one variable causes or leads to another variable, that is depended variable or in depended variable

Example when productivity low, profit also less.

STATISTICAL HYPOTHESIS

About a statistic population, derived from sample. it may be numerically measurable. Like age