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Jessica Loper

Date of Experiment: January 29, 2013

Report Submitted: January 30, 2013

Title: Observations of Chemical Change

Purpose: To observe the basic properties of chemical reactions and associate those properties with common items found in the home.

Procedure: I mixed different chemicals in my 96-Well Plate in order to determine whether they were a base or acid and how to determine those chemical properties. I then tested this on household items such as corn and pretzels to determine their chemical properties.

Data Tables: WELL/QUESTION A1/A B1/B C1/C D1/D E1/E E1/E F1/F F1/F F2/F F3/F F4/5 F5/5 G1/G H1/H H2/I A2/J CHEMICAL 1 NaHCO3 HCl NH3 HCl Blue Dye Blue Dye + NaOCL NaOCl NaOCl + Kl NaOCl + Kl NaOCl + Kl NaOCl + Kl NaOCL + Kl Kl NaOH HCl NaOH CHEMICAL 2 HCl-CO2 BTB BTB Blue Dye NaOCl HCL Kl Starch Corn Spinach Cheese Pretzel Pb(NO3)2 Phenolphthalein Phenolphthalein AgNO3 REACTION (From Clear) Carbon Dioxide formed with bubbles, No Color Change Orange (Acid) Deep Blue (Base) Deep Green Royal Blue Greeny Blue (After sitting turned more Green) Soft Yellow Black Spotted Black Soft Yellow Soft Yellow Spotted Black Gooey Yellow (almost like egg yolk) Fuchsia Clear/Cloudy Muddy Brown

B2/K B2/K C2/L Questions:

AgNO3 AgNO3 + NH3 NH3

NH3 Light CuSO4

Remained Clear Reddish Brown Cloudy Blue

A. One would use hydrochloric acid to test for sodium bicarbonate. If present it would produce carbon dioxide, if not present it would remain stagnant. B. Cleaning Product Windex Pine Sol 409 Result Blue Yellow Blue Conclusion Base Weak Acid Base

C. The sample cannot be vinegar as it is an acid and when mixed with phenolphthalein it should remain clear. Bases turn pink, therefore it is a base. D. The cookie contains no starch or only small parts of the cookie contain starch. E. The green water contains a neutral balance of both acid and basic while the yellow water is clearly much more acidic. Lastly, the blue water is basic as it remains blue. F. I would test the hair tonic with potassium iodide. If the yellowy precipitate formed, then the tonic contains lead, if no color change or precipitate is formed, the product does not contain lead.

Conclusion: Through this experiment, I learned chemicals that were acids and bases as well as techniques to determine other household items chemical properties. It was interesting to see the different colors that were created and what each ones were meant to indicate.