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MISSILE TECHNOLOGY

OF
INDIA
MISSILE THE WEAPON OF FUTURE WAR

• WHAT IS MISSILE?

• WHO USE THE FIRST MISSILE?

• INDIAS PRESENT POSITION IN FRONT OF THE WORLD

• MAJOR PROBLEM IN INDIAN MISSILE SYSTEM

• MAJOR MISSILE DEVELOPED BY IGMDP

• SUPERSONIC CRUISE MISSILE-BRAHMOS


• WHAT IS MISSILE?

• MISSILE IS AN OBJECT WHICH IS FORCIBLY PROPELLED


AT A TARGET OR MISSILE IS A WEAPON THAT IS SELF-
PROPELLED OR DIRECTED BY REMOTE CONTROL OR BY
REAL TIME O.S...
• WHO USE THE FIRST MISSILE?

• THE FIRST MISSILE WAS USED BY AN INDIAN .THE


NAME OF THAT PERSON IS KING TIPU SULTAN AGAINST
THE BRITISHERS.AFTER THE DEFEAT OF THE INDIAN
KING THE BRITISHER GOES ON TO THE RESEARCH ON
THESE AND USED THE SAME MISSILE SYSTEM AGAINST
THE AMERICAN & GOT THE EASY VICTORY.
INDIAS PRESENT POSITION IN FRONT OF WORLD

• INDIA STANDS IN ONE OF THE LEADING POSITION IN


THE WORLD WHO COULD COMPLETELY MANUFACTURE
& TEST THE MISSILE WITHOUT ANY EXTERNAL SOURCE.

• INDIA HAS SEVERAL TYPES OF MISSILE INCLUDING THE


MISSILE CAPABLE OF TAKING NUCLEAR WEAPON &
OTHER DANGEROUS CALAMITIES.

• INDIA IS RECENTLY GAIN THE CAPABILITY TO DELETE


THE CITY LIKE BEIJING, SHANGHAI .ALL OTHER BIG
CITIES OF CHINA IS NOW ON THE TARGET OF INDIAN
MISSILE.

• BUT THE INDIAN MISSILE SYSTEM IS NOT TO INCREASE


THE FEAR BETWEEN OUR NEIGHBOURER

• INSTEAD OF IT, OUR SYSTEM IS DEFENSIVE IN


NATURE.INDIA HADN’T ATTACKED ANY COUNTRY IN THE
HISTORY OF ITS LONG 10,000 YEAR.

• THE NAME OF THE FIRST NUCLEAR TEST IS LAUGHING


BUDDHA & WE ALL KNOW LORD BUDDHA IS THE
SYMBOL OF PEACE.
• SO WE CAN FEEL PROUD ON OUR SYSTEM.

• INDIA HAS THE CAPABILITY TO ATTACK AT THE RANGE


OF 5000KM,WHICH COVERS THE CITY OF
IRAN,IRAQ,CHINA,PAKISTAN & SOME PART OF
EUROPE.NOW WE ARE GOING TO WORK ON INTER
CONTINENTAL MISSILE SYSTEM.BY THESE WE ARE ABLE
TO DELETE THE CITIES OF AUSTRALIA,EUROPE,AFRICA.

• INSTEAD OF IT WE HAVE TO COVER THE VAST DISTANCE


TO COVER THE RATIO BETWEEN US & DEVELOPED
NATION LIKE AMERICA, RUSSIA.

• IF WE COMPARE OUR MISSILE ATTACKING SYSTEM WITH


THESE TYPES OF COUNTRIES WE FIND THAT WE ARE
OUT OF THE RACE.

• AMERICA, RUSSIA & CHINA CAN ATTACK TO ANY


COUNTRY USING THERE NAVY, ARMY OR AIR FORCE.

• AMERICA CAN DELETE ANY PART OF THE WORLD FROM


NEW-YORK.
MAJOR PROBLEM IN INDIAN MISSILE SYSTEM

• UNDER THE GUIDANCE OF A.P.J ABDUL


KALAM,INTEGRATED GUIDED MISSILE DEVELOPMENT
PROGRAMME (IGMDP) HAS DEVELOPED MANY
MISSILE.THE CONCEPT ITSELF CAME FROM MR.
R.VENKATARAMAN,THE THEN DEFNCE MINISTER, WHO
WANTED TO HAVE AN INTEGERATED PROJECT IN THE
FIELD OF MISSILES.IT WAS BOLD IN CONCEPTION ,WIDE
RANGING IN SCOPE & CALLED FOR THE USE OF MANY
TECHNOLOGY WHICH WERE YET TO BE DEVELOPED IN
THE COUNTRY.THE DEVELOPED NATION DENIED TO GIVE
THE TECHNOLOGY.THE DEVELOPMENT IN THE MISSILE
AREA & OTHER DEFENCE RELATED AREAS HAVE TO BE
VIEWED WITH THIS PERSPECTIVE.LESS MORTAL WOULD
HAVE GIVEN UP.BUT NOT BY DR.ARUNACHALAM &
DR.KALAM.THE CHALLENGES ONLY SPURRED THEM ON
TO REDOUBLING THE EFFORTS TO DEVELOP IN THE
COUNTRY SYSTEMS HITHERTO THOUGHT BEYOND ITS
CAPABILITIES.THE ACHIEVEMENT IN PRITHVI & AGNI
ARE DUE TO THIS NEVER-SAY DIE SPIRIT.
MAJOR MISSILE DEVELOPED BY IGMDP

• TRISHUL

IT IS A QUICK REACTION SYSTEM THAT IS USED


AGAINST LOW-FLYING AIRCRAFT, HELICOPTER & ANTI-SHIP
MISSILES.IT USES A DUAL THRUST ROCKET MOTOR WITH A
COMPOSITE PROPELLANT. IT WORKS ON THE PRINCIPLE OF
COMMAND GUIDANCE, GROUND RADAR SYSTEM &
ONBOARD CONTROL SYSTEMS.FAIRLY LARGE NUMBER OF
TESTS HAVE BEEN CARRIED OUT WHICH ALSO INCLUDE
SEA-SKIMMING CAPABILITIES.

• PRITHVI

IT IS AN ALL WEATHER, SURFACE TO SURFACE


MISSILE, WHICH CAN ENGAGE TARGETS ACCURATELY
BETWEEN 40 & 150 KMS FOR THE ARMY.THE ADVANCED
VERSION FOR THE AIR FORCE IS CAPABLE OF ENGAGING
TARGETS UPTO A RANGE OF 250 KMS.THE OPERATION OF
THE MISSILE SYSTEMS & FIELD MOBILITY IS SUPPORTED BY
A SET OF GROUND SYSTEM VEHICLES.THIS SYSTEM HAS
BEEN INDUCTED INTO THE SERVICES.

• AKASH
IT IS A MEDIUM RANGE AIR DEFENCE SYSTEM WITH A
MAXIMUM INTERCEPT RANGE OF 25 KMS .IT IS ALSO
CAPABLE OF TRACKING MULTIPLE TARGETS & ENGAGING
FOUR TARGET SIMULTANEOUSLY USING ELECTRONIC
SCANNING, PHASED ARRAY RADAR & EMBEDDED
SOFTWARE IN MULTIPLE PROCESSORS.THE PERFORMANCE
OF VARIOUS SYSTEMS SUCH AS AIRFRAME
,PROPULSION,CONTROL ,TELEMETRY,LAUNCHER ETC HAVE
BEEN SUCCESFULLY TESTED IN FLIGHT TRIALS.

• NAG

IT IS A THIRD GENERATION ANTI-TANK MISSILE WITH


`FIRE & FORGET’&`TOP-ATTACK’ CAPIBILITIES.IT IS ALSO
CAPABLE OF DEFEATING VARIOUS ARMOURS SUCH AS
EXPLOSIVE REACTIVE ARMOUR .IT CAN BE DEPLOYED ON
DEDICATED MISSILE CARRIER AS WELL AS AHELLICOPTER
FOR DAY & NIGHT OPERATIONS.VARIOUS SYSTEMS & SUB-
SYSTEMS HAVE BEEN SUCCESFULLY TESTED.

• AGNI

IT IS A TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATOR FOR LONG-


RANGE FLIGHT VEHICLES.THE TWO-STAGE VEHICLE
CONSISTS OF SOLID PROPELLENT BOOSTER & TWIN-
ENGINE LIQIUD PROPELLENT STAGE WITH CARBON
COMPOSITE ,RE-ENTRY VEHICLE STRUCTURE CARRYIING A
PAYLOAD , WHICH IS CAPABLE OF WITHSTANDING VERY
HIGH TEMPERATURE OF THE OUTER SURFACE WHILE
MAINTAINING 40 DEGREE C TEMPERATURE INSIDE
.SEVERAL SUCCESFUL FLIGHT TRIALS OF THE
TECHNOLOGY DEMONSTRATOR HAVE BEEN CARRIED OUT
& VARIOUS SYSTEMS &SUB-SYSTEMS HAVE BEEN
SUCCESFULLY DEVELOPED & TESTED.
• BRAHMOS

DR.KALAM WAS NOT AVERSE TO TAKING HELP ON


TECHNOLOGY FRONT FROM OTHER COUNTRIES
,PROVIDED THE ARRANGEMENTS RESPECT THE STRENTH
OF BOTH THE PARTNERS.SUCH AN OCCASION AROSE
WHEN A RUSSIAN COMPANY NPO MASHINOSTROYENIA
(NPOM)OFFERED TO WORK JOINTLY WITH DRDO IN
DEVELOPING AN ANTI-SHIP SUPERSONIC CRUISE-MISSILE
.DR.KALAM HAD DEVELOPED A STRONG BOND WITH
ACADEMICIAN DR.YEFREMOV,THE DIRECTOR GENERAL OF
NPOM .DR. KALAM PERSUADED THE GOVERNMENT TO
ACCEPT THE OFFER & INVEST IN THE JOINT VENTURE .IN
A UNIQUE EXPERIMENT OF A JOINT VENTURE FOR A
RESEARCH ORGANISATION ,DRDO (50.5) SET UP AN
INDIAN COMPANY WITH RUSSIAN PARTICIPATION
(49.5).ANOTHER UNIQUE FEATURE OF THE COMPANY IS
THAT THE RUSSIAN CONTRIBUTION IS BEING MET OUT OF
INDIAN REPAYMENT OF RUSSIAN DEBT.THIS MODEL IS
NOW BEING ADVOCATED FOR WIDER ADOPTION IN INDO-
RUSSIAN JOINT VENTURE .
SUPERSONIC CRUISE MISSILE-BRAHMOS

• IT IS A SUPERSONIC CRUISE MISSILE CAPABLE OF BEING


LAUNCHED FROM MULTIPLE PLATFORMS BASED ON
LAND, SEE, SUB SEA & AIR.

• PRIMARILY BRAHMOS IS AN ANTI-SHIP MISSILE .IT HAS


THE CAPABILITY TO ENGAGE SHORE BASED RADIO-
CONTRAST TARGETS ALSO.THE MISSILE CAN BE
LAUNCHED EITHER IN VERTICAL OR INCLINED POSITION
& WILL COVER 360 DEGREES.

• THE BRAHMOS MISSILE HAS A DIAMETER OF


APPROXIMATELY 700MM & IS APPROXIMATELY 9 METRES
LONG.ITS WIEGHS 3,000KG WITH A 200KG WARHEAD
,WITH CAPBILITIES TO CRUISE AT 15 KM ALTITUDE
DURING MIDCOURSE & AT 5-10 METRES DURING
TERMINAL PHASE.