Sie sind auf Seite 1von 11

TECHNICAL CORRECTION

February 2002

Process Industry Practices Structural

PIP STF05501 Fixed Ladders and Cages

PURPOSE AND USE OF PROCESS INDUSTRY PRACTICES In an effort to minimize the cost of process industry facilities, this Practice has been prepared from the technical requirements in the existing standards of major industrial users, contractors, or standards organizations. By harmonizing these technical requirements into a single set of Practices, administrative, application, and engineering costs to both the purchaser and the manufacturer should be reduced. While this Practice is expected to incorporate the majority of requirements of most users, individual applications may involve requirements that will be appended to and take precedence over this Practice. Determinations concerning fitness for purpose and particular matters or application of the Practice to particular project or engineering situations should not be made solely on information contained in these materials. The use of trade names from time to time should not be viewed as an expression of preference but rather recognized as normal usage in the trade. Other brands having the same specifications are equally correct and may be substituted for those named. All Practices or guidelines are intended to be consistent with applicable laws and regulations including OSHA requirements. To the extent these Practices or guidelines should conflict with OSHA or other applicable laws or regulations, such laws or regulations must be followed. Consult an appropriate professional before applying or acting on any material contained in or suggested by the Practice.

This Practice is subject to revision at any time by the responsible Function Team and will be reviewed every 5 years. This Practice will be revised, reaffirmed, or withdrawn. Information on whether this Practice has been revised may be found at www.pip.org.

Process Industry Practices (PIP), Construction Industry Institute, The University of Texas at Austin, 3925 West Braker Lane (R4500), Austin, Texas 78759. PIP member companies and subscribers may copy this Practice for their internal use. Changes, overlays, addenda, or modifications of any kind are not permitted within any PIP Practice without the express written authorization of PIP.

PIP will not consider requests for interpretations (inquiries) for this Practice.
PRINTING HISTORY November 1994 Issued December 1999 Revision Not printed with State funds August 2000 February 2002 Technical Correction Technical Correction

TECHNICAL CORRECTION
February 2002

Process Industry Practices Structural

PIP STF05501 Fixed Ladders and Cages


Table of Contents 1. Introduction .................................. 2
1.1 Purpose ............................................. 2 1.2 Scope................................................. 2

List of Details
Side Elevation ............................................ 4 Minimum Clearances at Unavoidable Obstructions....................................... 4 Minimum Clearances for Ladder Wells and Platforms .................................... 4 Section A-A - Step Through....................... 5 Detail 1 - Rung Detail................................. 5 Section B-B - Typical Cage........................ 6 Ladder Cage at Elevated Platform............. 6 Section C-C................................................ 6 Side-Step Ladders ..................................... 7 Section D-D - Cage at Side Step ............... 7 Detail 2 - Supporting Connection to Concrete ............................................ 8 Detail 3 - Ladder Base Details ................... 8 Detail 4 - Supporting Connection to Steel................................................... 9 Detail 5 - Guide Connection to Steel.......... 9

2. References ................................... 2
2.1 Process Industry Practices ................ 2 2.2 Industry Codes and Standards .......... 2 2.3 Government Regulations ................... 3

3. Design........................................... 3

Process Industry Practices

Page 1 of 9

PIP STF05501 Fixed Ladders and Cages

TECHNICAL CORECTION
February 2002

1.

Introduction
1.1 Purpose This Practice provides the fabricator and erector with a standard fixed ladder and cage design to be used in process industry facilities. This Practice also provides process industry companies with design guide information to be used in specifying and locating fixed ladders and cages. 1.2 Scope This Practice shows the design details for fabrication and installation of typical Occupational Safety and Health Administration-regulated ladders for structures, miscellaneous platforms, and vessels for regular operational access/egress. These details are intended to be issued to the fabricators supplying these ladders and to the erectors for use in installation. Any conflicts or inconsistencies between this Practice, the design drawings, or other contract documents shall be brought to the attention of the buyer for resolution.

2.

References
Applicable requirements in the following PIP Practices, codes and standards, and government regulations shall be considered an integral part of this Practice. The edition in effect on the date of contract award shall be used, except as otherwise noted. Short titles will be used herein when appropriate. 2.1 Process Industry Practices (PIP) PIP STS05120 - Fabrication of Structural and Miscellaneous Steel PIP STS05130 - Erection of Structural and Miscellaneous Steel 2.2 Industry Codes and Standards American National Standards Institute (ANSI) ANSI A14.3 - American National Standard for LaddersFixedSafety Requirements American Society of Testing and Materials (ASTM) ASTM A36/A36M - Standard Specification for Carbon Structural Steel ASTM A123 - Standard Specification for Zinc (Hot Galvanized) Coatings on Products Fabricated from Rolled, Pressed, and Forged Steel Shapes, Plates, Bars, and Strips ASTM A307 - Standard Specification for Carbon Steel Externally Threaded Standard Fasteners ASTM A385 - Standard Practices for Providing High-Quality Zinc Coatings (Hot-Dip)

Page 2 of 9

Process Industry Practices

TECHNICAL CORRECTION
February 2002

PIP STF05501 Fixed Ladders and Cages

2.3

Government Regulations The following government document has been used as a reference in the development of this Practice. U.S. Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Regulations 29 CFR 1910 Subpart D (Walking-Working Surfaces) Modifications or deviations from this Practice should be reviewed by appropriate personnel to assure compliance with applicable safety regulations and requirements by state or local agencies that have jurisdiction where the ladder is to be erected.

3.

Design
3.1 The project design drawings and data sheets specify the ladder location and orientation, whether or not a cage is required, special fabrication details, and any changes to the requirements of this Practice. Unless noted otherwise on the contract documents, a self-closing double bar safety gate, in conformance with OSHA, shall be provided for all ladders. All structural material shall be ASTM A36 steel unless otherwise noted. The entire ladder shall be welded construction except as shown. All welds shall be smooth, continuous, and sealed. Fabrication shall comply with PIP STS05120. All ladder bolts shall be 5/8-inch (16-mm) ASTM A307 bolts unless otherwise noted. Ladder rung design is based on a 200-pound (890-N) concentrated live load. Ladder connections are designed for a maximum total load (dead plus live) of 1000 pounds (4.4 kN) on one side rail. Cages shall be provided on ladders of more than 20 feet to a maximum unbroken length of 30 feet, where the length of ladder refers to the vertical distance between landings. Cages are also required on ladders less than 20 feet in length where the ladder is located at an elevated platform that does not provide adequate fall protection. Consideration of cage protection for these applications should be made in the design process for each particular case. Ladder safety devices may be used in lieu of the required cage protection. Ladder assemblies shall be coated after fabrication in accordance with the design drawings and specifications governing the project. 3.8.1 3.9 Galvanizing (when required) shall be done after fabrication and in accordance with PIP STS05120.

3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7

3.8

Erection of ladders shall comply with PIP STS05130.

Process Industry Practices

Page 3 of 9