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Amharic Familiarization Course

Table of Contents
Introduction Lesson 1 Lesson 2 Lesson 3 Lesson 4 Lesson 5 Lesson 6 Lesson 7 Lesson 8 Lesson 9 Lesson 10 Lesson 11 Lesson 12 Lesson 13 Lesson 14 Lesson 15 Lesson 16 Lesson 17 Lesson 18 Lesson 19 Lesson 20 Introduction People and Geography Living and Working Days of the Week, Numbers, Ages of People Daily Activities Meeting the Family Around Town Shopping Eating Out Holidays, Customs, and Cultural Traditions Around the House Weather and Seasons Personal Appearance Transportation Travel At School Recreation and Leisure Health and the Human Body Political and International Events The Military In the Hospital
Developed for United States Special Operations Command Special Operations Forces Language Office By I Corps Foreign Language Training Center VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

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VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

INTRODUCTION TO ETHIOPIA

Capital: Addis Ababa Official language: Amharic Official name: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia Area: 426, 373 square miles. Distance across at widest points: north to south 800 miles; east to west 1035 miles Elevation: highest Ras Dashen, 15,158 ft. above sea level. Lowest Denakil Depression, 381 feet below sea level Population: 70 million Chief products: Agriculture coffee, corn, oilseed, sorghum, sugar cane, wheat. Manufactured goods: cement, processed food, leather goods, textiles.

GEOGRAPHY
Ethiopia is located in the horn of Africa, bordered by Sudan on the west, Somalia and Djibouti to the east, Eritrea on the north and Kenya on the south. It covers an area of approximately 444,000 square miles. The varied topography of the country generally features rugged mountains, flat-topped plateaus, river canyons, rolling plains and lowlands. The Great Rift Valley divides the Ethiopian highlands, as it spans the country from north to south. The highlands feature alpine vegetation, while woodlands, savanna and semi-arid conditions characterize the lowland. Ethiopia is a landlocked nation.

TOPOGRAPHY
The Ethiopian Plateau spreads out over about two-thirds of the country. It lies between 6,000 and 10,000 feet (1,800 and 3,000 meters) above sea level. Most of Ethiopia's people live on the plateau, which has the country's best agricultural land. Most of the plateau receives more than 40 inches (102 centimeters) of rain annually. Average temperatures on the plateau range from about 72F (22C) in areas below 8,000 feet (2,400 meters) to less than 60F (16C) at higher elevations. The Great Rift Valley, which runs north and south through eastern Africa, divides the plateau into two large sections. The sections are further divided by deep, spectacular river gorges and high mountain ranges. Ethiopia's highest mountain, Ras Dashen, rises 15,158 feet (4,620 meters) above sea level on the plateau.

The lowlands The Ethiopian Plateau slopes downward in all directions toward the lowland regions. Most of the lowland areas have an average temperature of about 80F (27C) and receive less than 20 inches (51 centimeters) of rain per year. The Denakil Depression in northeastern Ethiopia, which lies below sea level, is one of the hottest places in the world. Temperatures in the Denakil Depression sometimes rise above 120F (49C). The lowlands are thinly populated because of the hot, dry climate and because the soil is poor for farming. Animal life and vegetation A wide variety of animals live in Ethiopia. Some of these animals live nowhere else. They include an antelope called the walia ibex and the Simien fox, also known as the Simien jackal or Ethiopian wolf. Coffee originated in the forests of southwest Ethiopia. Teff and several other types of crops also had their origins in the country. Forests cover part of the southwest. The most common tree in Ethiopia is the eucalyptus, which was imported from Australia in the 1890's. Major Rivers The major river basins include: the Blue Nile, Baro, Omo, Awash, Tekeze and Wabe Shebele.

The BLUE NILE HISTORY Early history


Some of the oldest fossil fragments of human beings have been found in Ethiopia. They date from about 2 million years ago. By 500 B.C., two major groups, speakers of Semitic and Cushitic languages, inhabited the area. The plow was already the major agricultural tool by that time, and there is evidence that Ethiopians controlled water and used irrigation. In 1973, Donald Johanson was in the Afar, part of the Hadar region of Ethiopia, with the International Afar Research Expedition. He made a dramatic fossil find the leg bones of 3-million-year-old hominid.

The bones' size and shape indicated that this individual walked upright, making it the oldest hominid on record to do so. This discovery continued and in 1974, 3.2 millionyear-old Lucy was found in the region of Afar. The Aksum Kingdom was the first important state in what is now Ethiopia. It was well established by the A.D. 200's. Its capital was the city of Aksum. The Aksum Kingdom gained much wealth through trade with Arabia, Egypt, Greece, India, Persia and Rome. The Aksumites exported gold, ivory and spices. Aksum reached its height of power in the 300's under King Ezana. He made Christianity the official religion of Aksum. In the late 600's, Aksum's power fell sharply after Muslims gained control of Arabia, the Red Sea, and the coast of northern Africa. The Muslims, religious enemies of Christian Aksum, put an end to the kingdom's foreign trade.

AKSUM OBELISK, 4th 7th Century AD Ethiopia is one of the oldest nations. It is also Africas oldest independent country; with the exception of the five-year occupation by Mussolinis Italy, it has never been colonized. According to tradition, the first emperor of Ethiopia, Menelik I, was the son of the biblical Queen of Sheba and King Solomon of Israel. Many later Ethiopian rulers claimed to be direct descendants of King Solomon and the Queen of Sheba. Menelik II became emperor in 1889 and reunified the old Ethiopian empire by gaining control of many small kingdoms. In 1896, at the battle of Adwa, he defeated the Italian army that had occupied a part of Ethiopia called Eritrea. The son of Meneliks cousin, Ras Tafari, became the emperor in 1930. He took the title Haile Selassie, continued the modernization of Ethiopia, like Menelik II, and drafted the first constitution in 1931. In 1972 and 1973, a severe drought led to famine in the northeast part of Ethiopia. Haile Selassie was criticized for ignoring it. Widespread dissatisfaction with the low quality of life and government corruption led to the takeover by a military government which removed Haile Selassie in 1974. 4

The military government adopted socialist policies and had close ties with the Soviet Union. The military began large-scale land reform and started breaking up the estates of the former nobility. The government claimed ownership of the land and killed many of its opponents. Severe drought led to the death of millions in the mid 1980s and the government faced many rebellions from Eritrea and Tigray. The military dictator Mengestu Haile-Mariam fled the county as the rebels approached the capital in May of 1991. Eritrea gained independence in 1993. In 1994 a new constitution was adopted in Ethiopia. In 1995 the country held its first multiparty parliament election. The Ethiopian Peoples Democratic Revolutionary Front, which has dominated the government since 1991, won the 1995 election as well as one held in 2000. Party leader Meles Zenawi was elected prime minister in both elections.

Emperor Haile Selassie, also known as Ras Tafari CLIMATE


Although Ethiopia lies within 15 degrees north of the equator, owing to the moderating influence of the altitude, the country enjoys a temperate and pleasant climate, with average temperatures rarely exceeding 68 degrees F. The sparsely populated lowlands typically have sub-tropical and tropical climates and approximately 34 inches of rainfall. The average annual rainfall for the whole country is considered moderate by global standards. In most highlands, rainfall occurs in two distinct seasons: light rains during February and March and heavy rains from June to September.

POPULATION
With a population of 70 million and growing, Ethiopia is the third most densely populated country in Sub-Saharan Africa (after Nigeria and Egypt). Ethiopia is one of the oldest nations in the world; its people have an ancient culture and deep-rooted values. Ethiopian people comprise about seventy-eight ethnic groups. Approximately 85 percent of the population lives in rural areas. The government classifies Ethiopians into groups based on the main language they speak. About 80 languages are spoken in Ethiopia. The Oromo make up the largest ethnic and language group. The Oromo speak a Cushitic language called Oromifa or Oromo. They live in the central and southern parts of the country. The Amhara and Tigrayan peoples of the northern plateau speak Amharicthe nation's official languageand Tigrinya, respectively. These Semitic languages belong to the Afro-Asian language family, which also includes Arabic and Hebrew. Other important ethnic and language groups in Ethiopia include the Somali, who live in the southeast, and the Afar, who live in the east and northeast. A number of smaller groups live in the southwest and along the border with Sudan. Many Ethiopians speak more than one language, including English and other Ethiopian and European languages. Ge'ez (also called Ethiopic) is an ancient Ethiopian language. In the past, all Ethiopian Bibles were written in this language. Ge'ez is still used in ceremonies of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church.

OROMO WOMAN

TIGRAI WOMAN

CITIES
Addis Ababa, the largest city and the seat of the federal government of Ethiopia, lies in the central plateau at an altitude of 2,400 meters. Its average temperature is 16C. Addis Ababa was founded in 1887 and has a population of 5 million. It is host to the Organization of African Unity (OAU) and the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa (ECA). Several other international organizations have their headquarters and branch offices in the capital. Addis Ababa is also the center of commerce and industry. Other important centers of trade and industry are: Awasa, Dire Dawa, Gonder, Adama (also called Nazareth), Jimma, Harrar, Bahir Dar, Mekele, Debre Markos, Nekemt, Debre Zeyit, Dese, All these towns are connected to Addis Ababa by freeways and gravel roads. Most of them also have infrastructures and first-class hotels and airports.

There are other large cities, such as Debre Zeyit and Dese, with over 100,000 inhabitants, and I think they should be included in this list; Harrar, Debre Markos and Nekemt are smaller.

Addis Ababa

WAY OF LIFE
Most Ethiopians live in rural areas as either farmers or livestock herders. Many farmers use an ancient wooden plow called a maresha and a pair of oxen to plow their fields. They grow various cereal crops, including barley, corn, wheat, and a tiny local grain called teff. Livestock herders raise camels, cattle, goats and sheep, and travel from place to place to find food for their animals. Ethiopians in cities and towns work for the government, hold jobs in various businesses and industries, or run shops. Poverty in Ethiopia is widespread. Each year, many Ethiopian men and women move to towns and cities to seek jobs and a better life. Medical care, electric power, schools, and clean water supplies are part of what attracts rural Ethiopians to cities. Styles of houses vary widely in Ethiopia. Many houses in rural areas are round with walls constructed of wooden poles and mud plaster. These houses have roofs of thatch or corrugated iron. In the Tigray areas, houses often are rectangular and made of stone. Addis Ababa and other cities have tall office buildings, multistory apartment houses, large villas, and mixed neighborhoods with houses of stone, brick, mud and cement.

CLOTHING
In rural areas, many men and women wear a one-piece white cotton cloth called a shamma. Men wear a shamma over a cotton shirt, and women wear it over a cotton dress. In towns and cities, many people wear clothing similar to that worn in Europe and North America. In southern Ethiopia, some people wear traditional clothing made of leather or a colorful cloth used as a shawl and a waist wrap.

FOOD

The national food of Ethiopia is injera with wot. Injera is a spongy flat bread usually prepared from teff, wheat, barley or millet. Teff is an Ethiopian grain rich in iron and other minerals; it can be found in health food stores in the US. Injera is eaten with wot, which is a spicy sauce made of an onion and pepper base and various other spices. Wot can be made mild or hot, and is made with vegetables and different meats such as beef, lamb or chicken. The injera is used to scoop the wot into small portions to be eaten by 8

hand. Before and after a meal, one washes ones hands; it is an acceptable tradition to be served by a domestic servant with water and soap to wash ones hands. It may be hard for the first time to eat using ones fingers, but asking for utensils may be considered impolite. In addition, Ethiopians eat barley, corn or wheat, which are roasted or boiled. Ethiopians in some areas eat a bread made from the root of ensete, a plant that resembles a banana tree. Popular beverages include beer, coffee, tea, and thin yogurt. The meal is normally served on a large tray and shared with friends or family of up to five people.

Customs and Traditions


Favorite sports in Ethiopia include soccer, volleyball, and genna, a game similar to field hockey. Ethiopians also enjoy playing card games, a local kind of chess and other board games. Holidays include special celebrations from both the Christian and the Islamic faiths. Also, many people chew khat to socialize and relax in the afternoon to do business in the market or on weekends as part of tradition and recreation. Khat has been legally harvested in Ethiopia for centuries and is becoming a major agricultural crop. In every town, people while away their spare time chewing the stimulant leaf. It is part of the culture. Khat is chewed for hours on end; users say it "elevates your mood and stimulates your mind.

COFFEE
Coffee accounts for some 65% of Ethiopia's foreign trade earnings, coffee probably employs close to 10% of the population. As a result, coffee must certainly rank as Ethiopia's most important export! Ethiopia aims to export some 230,000 tonnes of coffee per year. Out of this Ethiopia consumes 93,386 tonnes , which shows that Ethiopia is a strong consumer as well as a producer. Coffee originated in Ethiopia in a region called Keffa. Coffee is central to the lives of all Ethiopians. In the countryside where some people live a day's walk from a main road, coffee is often the only beverage of choice. In addition it is also still roasted, ground, mixed with butter, and made into balls to be eaten for sustenance during the working day. In the cities, as well as in the countryside, coffee is drunk with friends, family, on special occasions, or simply out of choice. Coffee is everywhere! The Ethiopian coffee ceremony, carried out by the woman of the family, is an historic tradition with much religious symbolism. 3 cups are poured for each guest, incense wafts around the room, flax covers the floor, and usually peanuts or cooked barley are offered by way of accompaniment. From birth in Ethiopia one grows up with the coffee ceremony as an integral part of ones social and cultural life. An invitation to attend a coffee ceremony is considered a mark of friendship or respect and is an excellent example of Ethiopian hospitality. Performing the ceremony is almost obligatory in the presence of a visitor, whatever the time of day. In the 3rd century coffee was transplanted from the Ethiopian highlands to the Yemeni mountains during the spice trade between East Africa and the Arabian Peninsula. From Yemen it spread to Southeast Asia, South America, and finally back to Africa.

AMHARA WOMAN: COFFEE CEREMONY

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GOVERNMENT
Ethiopia adopted a new constitution that established the FDRE, or Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, in 1995. The federal government is responsible for national defense, foreign relations and general politics, as well as common interests and benefits. The federal government of the FDRE is structured as a bicameral parliament. There are two chambers: an upper chamber and a lower chamber. The upper chamber, with 108 members, is called the House of Federation or the Federal Council. The lower chamber, with 548 members, is called the House of Peoples Representatives, or the Council of Peoples Representatives. The upper chamber, the House of Federation, represents the common interests of the nations, nationalities and people of the states, and is headed by a constitutional president. All council members in both chambers are elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term. The council members in the House of Federation are elected by state assemblies, while the council members in the House of Peoples Representatives are elected by a popular vote. The federal government is headed by the prime minister, who in turn is accountable to the House of Peoples Representatives, which is the highest authority of the federal government. The FDRE comprises nine autonomous states vested with policies for self-administration. Each autonomous state is headed by a state president elected by the state council. The judiciary is constitutionally independent.

Prime minister: Meles Zenawi RELIGION Orthodox Christianity and Islam, the two main religions in Ethiopia, have coexisted since Mohammeds time. The first followers of Islam were converted while the prophet Mohammed was alive, and the first mosque was built in the eighth century. However, culturally the Orthodox Church has dominated the political, social and cultural life in the highlands, as it was the official religion of the imperial court and hence also of the feudal establishment until Haile Selassie was deposed in 1974. Since then, religion and the state have been separated. Most people in Ethiopia are Muslims or Christians. About 40 percent of the population belongs to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, which is a Christian sect related to the Coptic, Greek and Russian Orthodox churches. A small percentage of the population in the south and west practices some local religions and the rest of the population is Muslim.

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The Ethiopian Orthodox Church's headquarters is in Addis Ababa. The boundaries of the dioceses, each under a bishop, followed provincial boundaries; a patriarch (abun) headed the church. The ultimate authority in matters of faith was the Episcopal Synod. In addition, the Church Council, a consultative body that included both clergy and laity, reviewed and drafted administrative policy. Ethiopia has long enjoyed the most intimate relations with Islam. Some of the earliest disciples of the prophet Mohammed, when persecuted in Arabia, found refuge at Aksum, which was then ruled by King Armah. When one of the refugees, Umm Habibah, was to marry Mohammed, Armah sent her a golden dowry. The prophet later prayed for the Aksumite kings soul and instructed his followers to leave the Abyssinians in peace, thus averting a holy war. Many words in Geez, the classical language of the Ethiopians, can be found in the Holy Quran. The first muezzin calling the faithful to prayer in the prophets time was an Ethiopian named Bilal, as his compatriots recall with pride to this day. Ethiopian Muslims are adherents of the dominant Sunni, or orthodox, branch of Islam. Shia Muslims are not represented in Ethiopia. The beliefs and practices of Ethiopian Muslims are embodied in a more or less integrated amalgam of three elements: the Islam of the Quran and the sharia, the worship of saints and the rituals and organization of religious orders, and the still-important remnant of pre-Islamic patterns. Islam in the traditional sense is dominant only in Harrar and a few other towns. In general, the most important practices of the Islamic faith, particularly regular prayer and fasting during the month of Ramadan, are observed in urban centers rather than in the smaller towns and villages, and more among settled peoples than among nomads. Records of the pilgrimage to Mecca by Ethiopian Muslims are scarce.

Orthodox priests

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Christian holidays and festivals


Timkat (Epiphany) is the most colorful event in the year when the churches parade their Tabots to a nearby body of water. (A Tabot is a replica of the biblical Ark of the Covenant containing the tablets with the Ten Commandments; every church in Ethiopia has one.) The ceremony falls on the 19th of January and commemorates Christs baptism. The Tabot is taken out in the afternoon on the eve of Epiphany and stays overnight with the priests and faithful congregation. The following morning the water is blessed and splashed on everyone in a ceremony where the faithful renew their vows to the Church. If the body of water is large enough, some people will immerse themselves. Women who have been unable to have children participate in the ritual for fertility. After the ceremony, the Tabot is paraded back to its church, accompanied by much singing and dancing. Fasika (Easter) is a festival that follows a fasting period of 55 days. During this time, no animal product is eaten. The faithful do not eat anything at all until the daily service is finished at around 3:00 in the afternoon on Easter Sunday. From Thursday evening before Good Friday, nothing is eaten until the Easter service ends at 3:00 in the morning on Easter Sunday. Kidus Yohannes or Enkutatash, Ethiopias New Years Day, is celebrated on the 11th of September. It is primarily secular; it is a time for people to put on new clothes and visit friends and relatives. Maskal is said to be in memory of the finding of the true Cross by the Empress Eleni. This is as colorful as Timkat, however, instead of water, the focus of the celebration is a bonfire topped with an image of a cross to which flowers are tied. Priests in full regalia bless the bonfire before it is lit. This festival coincides with the mass blooming of the golden yellow Maskal daisies, called Adey Ababa in Amharic. Lidet or Gena, the Ethiopian Christmas, is not the primary religious and secular festival that it has become in Western countries. Falling on the 7th of January, it is celebrated seriously by a church service that goes on throughout the night, with people moving from one church to another. Traditionally, young men play a game called Gena, similar to hockey, on this day, and Christmas has also come to be known by this name.

Muslim festivals and pilgrimages


Ethiopias earliest and most holy Muslim center, according to tradition, is at Nagash, north of Wukro in Tigray, where there is a fine mosque of considerable antiquity. Perhaps the most important Islamic center since medieval times, however, has been the famous walled city of Harrar. One of the principal holy cities of Islam, it has long been renowned for its religious learning, as well as for its mosques, many Muslim shrines, and tombs of several holy Muslim leaders of the past. An important center of Muslim pilgrimage today is the town of Shek Husen in the Bale region. The faithful flock there twice a year from all over Ethiopia, as well as from neighboring countries, as they do to Mecca in Saudi Arabia.

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NEW MOSQUE AT WIKRO CALENDAR AND TIME


The use of the Julian calendar was discarded by the Europeans 400 years ago, but Ethiopia still uses it. This calendar divides the year into 12 month of 30 days each, with the remaining five (or six in a leap year) constituting the short 13th month of Pagume. In Greek, pagume means additional. The Ethiopian New Year falls on the 11th or 12th of September every year.

Ethiopian Month Begins in Meskerem September Tikimit October Hidar November Tahesas December Tir January Yekatit February Megabit March Miyazia April Ginbot May Sene June Hamle July Nehase August Pagume September

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TIME
In Ethiopia, the top of the day begins at the top of the clock. The beginning of the day is taken to be at 6:00 a.m. Western timetherefore 6:00 a.m. Western time is 12:00 in the morning in Ethiopia; 12:00 noon Western time is 6:00 noon in Ethiopia; 6:00 p.m. Western time is 12:00 in the evening Ethiopia time, and so on. The division of the day into a.m. and p.m. is not used in Ethiopia. Instead, quadrants of time are described according to the part of day, e.g., morning, afternoon, evening, night. Western time and the corresponding Ethiopian time can be seen on the chart below. This way of keeping time is normally the only way used; however, in some circumstances, such as when booking an airline flight or in certain professional settings, a.m. and p.m. are used. Military time is the same as in America, but instead of using hundred, zero zero is used. Example: 16 hundred hours in Amharic is asra sedest zero zero, and so forth.

TIME CHART
Western Time 6.00 AM 7.00 AM 8.00 AM 9.00 AM 10.00 AM 11.00 AM 12.00 AM 1.00 PM 2.00 PM 3.00 PM 4.00 PM 5.00 PM 6.00 PM 7.00 PM 8.00 PM 9.00 PM 10.00 PM 11.00 PM 12.00 PM 1.00 AM 2.00 AM 3.00 AM 4.00 AM 5.00 AM Ethiopian Time 12 se-at (oclock) 1 se-at (oclock) 2 se-at (oclock) 3 se-at (oclock) 4 se-at (oclock) 5 se-at (oclock) 6 se-at (oclock) 7 se-at (oclock) 8 se-at (oclock) 9 se-at (oclock) 10 se-at (oclock) 11 se-at (oclock) 12 se-at (oclock) 1 se-at (oclock) 2 se-at (oclock) 3 se-at (oclock) 4 se-at (oclock) 5 se-at (oclock) 6 se-at (oclock) 7 se-at (oclock) 8 se-at (oclock) 9 se-at (oclock) 10 se-at (oclock) 11 se-at (oclock) Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Noon/kekenu Afternoon/kese-at Afternoon/kese-at Afternoon/kese-at Afternoon/kese-at Afternoon/kese-at Evening/ke mesetu Evening/ke meshestu Evening/ke meshetu At night/ke meshetu At night/ke meshetu At night/ke meshetu Midnight/ekule lelit In morning/ke lelitu In morning/ke lelitu In morning/ke lelitu In morning/ke letitu In morning/ke teuatu

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CURRENCY
The monetary unit of Ethiopian currency is the Birr, with 100 cents (also called centimes) to a Birr. The Birr is currently valued at around 8.60 Birr to the US dollar, subject to change every day. Copper coins are circulated in values of 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 cents. Currency notes are printed in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 50, 100 and 500 Birr. The exchange rate of the Birr against foreign currencies has been controlled by the daily Interbank Foreign Exchange Market since October 24, 2001. The Foreign Exchange Market intervention committee of the National Bank of Ethiopia monitors and controls the rate on a daily basis. Only the National Bank of Ethiopia and its authorized agents, as well as commercial banks, are allowed to exchange foreign currency against receipts. Travel and tour agents, hotels and bank branches with official permission may also deal in the exchange.

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Some Ethiopian Celebrities.

Liya Kebede, an international supermodel and the World Health


Organizations Goodwill Ambassador for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health

DERARTU TULU, 6-time world and Olympic gold medallist

KENENISA BEKELE, 11 world gold medals, 1 Olympic gold medal, 1 Olympic silver medal in the 10,000-meter race, and world record holder

HAILE GEBRESELASSIE, 2 Olympic gold medals and 11 world gold


medals in the 10,000-meter race 17

LANGUAGES
Amharic, Orominga and Tigrinya are the major languages used by two-thirds of the population. Amharic is the official language of the federal government. English is the medium of instruction in the secondary section of junior colleges and universities and is widely used in business transactions, particularly in banking and insurance. (Arabic and Italian are also widely spoken.)

The alphabet
Geez is to Ethiopia as Latin is to the West. Geez, like Latin, was not used as a spoken language for a very long time. But like Latin, Geez is the precursor of Ethiopias three major Semitic languages the Cushitic language, the Aksumites language, and Greek. The Bible was translated into Geez from Greek. The Greek influence is also seen in the organization of the Geez letters, which is very similar to that of the Greek alphabet. Geez ceased to be used as a spoken language most likely a short time before the tenth century CE. Nonetheless, it is still used today as the liturgical language of the Ethiopian Orthodox Church, and was the official written language during the first Axumite kingdom.

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Lesson 1 Geography and People


E

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

This lesson will introduce you to: - simple greetings and basic introductions in Amharic - how to greet people in formal and informal situations in Ethiopia - personal pronouns - possessive pronouns - how to use the verbs to be and to live in the present tense - basic geographical names of Ethiopia.

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PEOPLE 1. Listen to these simple greetings and phrases in Amharic and repeat them after the speaker. Hello, Hi Good morning Good afternoon Good evening Good night Tena Yestelegn (Formal) selam (casual) Endemen Aderachew Endemen Walachew Endemen Ameshachew Dehena Ederu AA A AA A What would you say at

2. Exchange greetings with your teacher and your partner. 7 a.m., at 10 a.m., at 2 p.m., at 5 p.m., and at 10 p.m.?

3. Familiarize yourself with personal pronouns. repeat after the speaker. I you he she we you (plural) they Ene Anchi (F) Ante (M) Esu Esua Egna Enante Enesu A A/A A A A A A

Listen to the audio and

4. Listen to the following dialogues and repeat after the speaker. Read the dialogues in pairs. In the morning Fana: Good morning, Kebede. (Male) Kebede: Fine. Good morning Fana. (Female) During the day Kebede: Good afternoon, Fana. (F) Fana: Good afternoon. Kebede: How are you? AA A A

Endemen anderk kebede Dehena, Endemen adersh Fana

Endemen Walsh Fana Endemen walek Kebede Endemen Alesh ? 20

A A AA?

Fana: Fine. Thank you. And you? Kebede: Very well. In the Evening Kebede: Good evening, Fana. Fana: Good evening, Kebede. Kebede: How are you, Fana? Fana: Fine. Thank you. And you? Kebede: Fine. Good night. Fana: Good night, Kebede. Informal Person A: Person B: Person A: Person B:

Dehena negn,anttese dehna neh? Dehena negn

A?

Endemen Ameshesh Fana Endemen amesheh Kebede Endemen alesh fana? Dehena negn,antes dehena neh? Dehana , Dehena eder Dehena Eder Kebede

A AA AA? A ? A A

Hi. Hi! How are you? Good. And you?

Person A: Good! Person B: Bye!

Selam Selam Almaz (F) Tadiyas? Alen, Anchis(F) Antes(M)? Alen dehna Chio

A ? AA/A A

5. Using the dialogues above as a model, compose your own similar dialogues. Work in pairs or in small groups.

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GEOGRAPHY

I am from America. You are from America. He is from America. She is from America. It is from America. We are from America. You are from America. (plural) They are from America.

Ene keamerica negn Anet (M) Anchi (F) keamerica neh(M) nesh (F) Esu keamerica noe Esua Keamerica nat Keamerica neo Egna keamerica nen Enante keamerica nechew Enesu Keamerica nachew

EA A/AA / ? EA EA A EA EA EA

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6. Listen to the following sentences and repeat after the speaker. 1. I am Ethiopian. I am from Ethiopi. 2. He is Ethiopian. He is from Ethiopia. 3. She is Ethiopian. She is from Ethiopia. 4. We are Ethiopians. We are from Addis Ababa. 5. You are Ethiopian. (plural) You are from Addis Ababa. 6. You are Ethiopian. (singular) Ene etiopiawe negn Ene Keetiopia negn Esu etiopiawe neo Esu Keetiopia neo Esua etiopiaweet nat Esua keaddis abeba nat E I E I EI AI EI EA

Egna etiopiawe nen AI Egna keaddis abeba nen AAA AI AAA

Enante etiopiawe nachew Enante keaddis abeba nachew

Anchi etiopiawe AI /A nesh(F) I Ante etiopiawe neh (M) Enesu etiopiawe nachew Enesu keaddis ababa nachew AI AAA

7. They are Ethiopians. They are from Addis Ababa.

7. Pretend you and your classmates are from America. Introduce yourself and your classmates to your friend in Amharic. Use the model below and the map. Model: I am Ethiopian. I am from Nagele. Hagos is Ethiopian. and Woyni are Ethiopians. They are from Sodo. Where are you from? Ene etiopiawe negn.?(Singular) AI Enante etopiawe nachehu?(Plural AI

He is from Asosa.

Ameha

Ene ke Nagele negn(Singular) A Egna ke Negele nen(Plural) A

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Where is he (she/it) from?

Where are we (they) from?

Hagos etiopiawe neo? (HE) I Lulit etiopiawe nech? (SHE) I Enesu etiopiawe nachew? (They) AI Egna etiopiawe nen?(WE) EI

Esu ke Asosa neo (HE, IT) AA Esua ke Assosa nat(SHE) AA Enesu ke Sodo nachew(They) E Egna ke Sodo nen(plural) E

8. Listen to the following dialogues in Amharic. Follow along in your workbook. 1. A. I am from Addis Ababa. Where are you from? Ene ke addis abeba negn Ente (M) Anchi (F) keyet Neh(M) Nesh (F) Ene ke jimma negn Aster ke harar nech Berhane ke yet newu? Esu ke axum newu Ene ke assela negn

Repeat after the speaker. AAA A/A/

B. I am from Jimma. 2. A. Aster is from Harar. Where is Berhane from? B. He is from Axum. 3. A. I am from Assela.

A A AA AA AAA ?

Where are you and Assefa from? B. We are from Dere Dawa. 4. A. Girma is from Baher Dare.

Ante ena Assefa ke yet nachew? Egna ke dere dawa nen

A AA ? A

Girma ke baher dare newu

Where are Tulu and Alemitu Tulu ena Alemitu ke yet from? nachewu? B. They are from Enesu ke nekemt nachewu Nekemt.

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9. Role-play the dialogues above, using the map of Ethiopia. Am I from? Ene kenegn? A? Are you from? Ante(M) A/A//? anchi(F) ke neh(M) nesh(F) Is he from? Esu ke..? A? Is she from? Esua ke..? A? Is it from? Esu ke? E? Are we from? Egna ke.? E? Are they from? Enesu kenachew? E ? Yes, I am. Oewo,negn A Yes, you are. Oewo,nesh(F) neh(M) A / Yes, he is. Oewo newu A Yes, she is. Oewo nech A Yes, it is. Oewo esu newu AA Yes, we are. Oewo egna nen AE Yes, they are. Oewo enesu nachewu A E No, I am not. I, aydelehum A No, you are not. I aydelehem(M) aydeleshem (F) A/A No, he is not. I esu aydelem AA A No, she is not. I esua aydelechem AA A No, it is not. I esu aydelem AE A No, we are not. I egna aydelenem AE A No, they are not. I enesu aydelum AE A

10. 1.

Read the following dialogues and role-play them. A. Are you from Ethiopia? Ante (M) Anchi (F) Ke etiopia Neh (M) Nesh (F)? A/AI /? B. Yes, I am Oewo Negn.;A 2. A. Are you from Addis Abeba? Ante (M) Anchi(F) ke addis abeba neh (M) Nesh(F)? A/AAA/? B. No I am not. I am from Mekele. I Ayedelehume ke mekele negn. AA 3. A. Is Abel from Ethiopia? Abel ke etiopia newu? AI B. Yes, he is. Oewo newu A 4. A. Are Tesfaye and Elsa from Desse?? Tesfye ena Elsa ke desse nachewu? E B. Yes, they are? Oewo nachewu A 25

Use of weizero (Mrs.). Example: Ato Alemu, weizerit Helen, Weizero zewdi. When addressing someone older or when in a professional setting, use Ato for Mr. Also, only first names are used when addressing someone. In Ethiopia, last names are not passed on to children; a child is given his fathers first name as his last name and that child will give his first name to his child, and so forth. The concept of last names does not exist and therefore many identical names exist. For example, if a man with the first name of Habtamu has a boy and names him Alula, then the boys full name is Alula Habtamu. Therefore, there are a lot of identical full names in Ethiopia. Sometimes, in order to avoid confusion, people might use their grandfathers first name. For example, if Alula has a child and names him Matios, he can be called Matios Alula Habtamu. Also, women dont take their husbands names.

What is your name? My name is Tedrros.

Semehe maneow? ? Seme Tedrros neow A A A A A A A A

What is your name? My name is Selomon.

Semehe maneo? ? Seme Selomon neo.

I You

Ene Ante(M) Anchi(F) He Esu She Esua It Esu We Egna They Enesu

My Your

Yene Yante(M) Yanch(F) His Yesu Her Yesua Its Yesu Our Yegna Their Yenesu

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What is her name? Yesua sem Manew? ? Her name is Sara. Yesua sem Sara newu

What is his name? Yesu sem Maneow? ? His name is Dawit. Yesu sem Dawit newu.

11. Listen to the following dialogue and repeat after the speaker. A. Good morning! Endemen aderachwu (plural) Endemen aderk (M) Endemen adersh (F) Endemen aderu (older person) Good morning! Same response My name is Mulatu. Seme Mulatu newu What is your name? Semehe(M) manewu? Semesh (F) manewu? Semot manew? (older person) My name is Abera. Seme Abera newu Nice to meet you, Selam Abera Abera. Nice to meet you, Selam Mulatu Mulatu. EA EA EA EA

B. A.

? ? ?

B. A. B.

A A

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12. Work in pairs or in small groups. dialogues.

Look at the pictures and make up similar

13.

Listen to the following statements and repeat after the speaker.

My name is Bereket. Seme Bereket newu I live in Addis Ababa. AAA Ene Addis Abeba newu yemenorew

His name is Mekonen. Seme Mekonen newu He lives in Adama. A Esu adama newu yeminorewu

Her name is Helen. Semua Helen newu. She lives in Axum. A Esua Axum newu yemetenorrewu

We live in Wondo Genet. E Egna Wondo Genet neo yemenenorewu 14. Read the following sentences. with the answer key.

They live in Lalibela. A Enesu lalibela newu yeminorut

Translate them into English. Check your work

1. Zewdi Axum newu yemetnorewu A 2. Arba Mench newu yemetnoreew (F) yemetnorew(M)? Oewo A/? A 3. Hiwet Debre Zeiet Atenorem A 4. Yet newu yemetnoreewu(F) Yemetnorewu(M)? Yemenorew Dollo newu /? 5. Kefelu ena Rachel yet Newu yeminorut Enesu yeminorut Debre Tabor newu A? A

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15. Listen to the following dialogue and repeat after the speaker. Follow along in your workbook. Make up a similar dialogue. Work in pairs or in small groups. A A A /? 1 2 3 AA ? AA Endemen walek(M) Enemen Walesh(F) 1) Endemen Walachehu 2) Seme Helen Newu 3) Semeh(M) semesh(F) Manewu? Seme Belay newu Selam Balay Selam Helen Ene Lalibela newu yemenorewu anchi yet Neo yemetenoreewu? Ene Kalem Ketema negn

16. Imagine that you are new to the class. Ask your partner about the rest of the students (their names and where they live). Use the model below. Work in pairs or in small groups. ? A? A Yesu seme manewu? Yesu seme Bekele newu. Esu yet newu yeminorewu? Esu Mojo newu yeminorewu

17. What is the question? Read the answers below and reproduce the questions in Amharic. Check your work with the answer key. 1. ______________________________? I iydelehum, ene ke Deber berhane negn AAE 2.______________________________? Auo, Giggiga newu yemenorewu A 3.______________________________? Auo esu ke Shashemenie newu AE

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4._______________________________? Oewo, esua Elibabour newu yemetnorewu AE 5._______________________________? I iydelem, esu ke Addis abeba newu. EAEAA 6._______________________________? Auo, seme Robel newu A 7._______________________________? I ,esu Ato.Habtamu iydelem AEAA 8._______________________________? Auo, ene ke Adama negn. AEA

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1.

Read the following sentences and translate them from English into Amharic. A. My name is Tanya. I am from Moscow. B. Do you live in Seattle? Yes. C. His name is Joe. He lives in Berlin. D. We are from Vancouver. E. My name is Maurice. I am from Chicago. F. His name is Bob. He lives in Boston. G. Her name is Susan. She lives in San Diego. H. What is your name? My name is Tony.

2. Pretend that you are at a party. Introduce yourself to other people and ask them their names, where they are from, and where they live. Work in pairs or in small groups. Use the model below. / ? EI A/A /? EI EAA E Selam, seme Demeke newu. Semeh(M) Semesh(F) Manewu? Selam, seme Elias newu Ene ke etiopia negn.Anchi(M) ante(M) Ke yet neh(M) nesh(F)? Ene ke etiopia negn Ene Addis Abeba newu yemenorewu Ene Dere Dawa newu yemenorewu

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3. Introduce your friend to your classmates. Use the model below. EI EI EAA Semu Yoseph newu Esu ke etiopia newu Esu etiopiawee newu Esu addis abeba neo yminorewu

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Vocabulary List
Hello Hi Good morning Good afternoon Good evening Good night Good-bye How are you? Fine/ very well Thank you You are welcome My name is I He She You We They To live in No Yes To be To be from Where are you from? What is your name? Where do you live? My Your His Her Tena yestelegn Selam Endemen Adersh(F) aderk(M) Aderachew (plural) Endemen walek (M) walsh(F) walachehu (plural) Endemen ameshesh(f) amesheh(M) Ameshachew(Plural) Dehna ederi (F) eder (M)ederu (plural) Dehna whogn(F) whone(M) Whonu(Plural) Endemen neh(M) nesh(F) nachew(Plural)? Betam dehna Amesegenaleu Menem ayedelem Seme Helen newu Ene Esu Esua Ante (M) Anchi(F) Egna Enesu Menore I Auo Mehone Ke mehone Ke yet nesh(F) Neh(M) nachewu(P) Semeh(F) semeh(M) maneowu Yet newu yemetnorewu(M) yemetnorewu(F) Yemetnorut(plural) Yene Yante (M) Yanchi(F) Yesu Yesua 33 E E/A/A E/ EA/A E/E/E // E//? A A E E E AA E E A A // / // /

Our Their

Yegna Yenesu

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Answer Key
14.

1. Zewdi lives in Axum. 2. Do you live in Arba Mench.Yes I do. 3. Hiwet does not live in Debre Zeit. 4. Where do you live/ I live in Dollo. 5. Where do Kefelue and Rachel live? They live in Debre tabor.
17.

1. Are you from Addis abeba? Ante(M) anchi (F) ke Addis abeba neh(M) nesh(F)? 1. A/AAA/? No, I am not. I am from Debre Berhan. I iydelehum, ene ke Deber berhane negn AAE 2. Do you live in Giggiga? Anch (F) Ante (M) Giggiga neo yemetnoreew 2.A/A? Yes, I live in Giggiga. Auo, Giggiga neo yemenorew A 3. Is he from Shasemene? Esu ke shashemenie neo? 3.E? Yes, he is from sashemene. Auo esu ke Shashemenie neo AE 4. Does she live in Elibabour? Esua Elibabour neo yemetnorew? 4.E? Yes, she lives in Elibabour. Auo, esua Elibabour neo yemetnorew AE 5. Is he from Harrar? Esu Ke Harar neo? 5.E? No, he is not. He is from Addis Abeba. I iydelem, esu ke Addis abeba noe.No, AAEAA 35

6. Is your name Robel? Ante semeh Robel neo? 6.A? Yes, my name is Roblel. Auo, seme Robel neo A 7. Is he Ato.Habtamu? Esu Ato.Habtamu neo? 7.EA? No, he is not Habtamu. I ,esu Ato.Habtamu iydelem AEAA 8. Are you from Adama? Ante (M) anchi (F) ke adama neh(M) nash(F)? 8.A/AA/? Yes, I am from Adama. Auo, ene ke Adama negn. AEA End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. A.Yene sem Tanya neo.Ene ke Moscow negn. E B.Ante (M) Anch(F) seattel neo yemetnorew (M) yemetnoreew(F) Auo. A/A/A C.Yesu sem Joe neo.Esu Berline neo yeminorew. E D.Egna ke Vancouver nen. E E.Yne sem Maurice neo. Ene ke Chicago negn. E F.Yesu se Bob neo.Esu Boston neo yeminorew. E G.Yesua sem Susan neo.Esua San Diego neo yemetnorew. E H.Semeh man neo? Yene sem Tony neo. ?

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Lesson 2 E Nero ena sera Living and Working

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

This lesson will introduce you to: - Typical housing arrangements of most people living in Ethiopia - Using or in questions about living arrangements and professions - The verb to have in the present tense - Names of professions (singular and plural forms).

There are several types of homes in Ethiopia. There are huts made from mud in the rural areas; there are small to medium-sized houses, there are also large villas similar to those in the West, and there are apartment buildings, mostly in large cities. The average Ethiopian in a rural area lives in a hut or a small house.

1. Look at the pictures below and listen to the words. Repeat the words after the speaker.

apartment A Apartment

apartment building A Apartment hentsa

room Keffel

house Bait

military camp Yetor sefer

tent Denkuan

barracks Yewetaderoch Menoria

hotel Hotel

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2. Match the Amharic words on the left with their English equivalents on the right. Replay the audio from the previous section if necessary or check the answer key. A A Denkaun Keffel Bait Apartment Hotel Apartment hentsa Yewetaderoch menoria Yetor sefer Hotel Tent Barracks Room Military camp House Apartment Apartment building

3. Read the following sentences and translate into English. Check your work with the answer key. 1. Amdy yeminorew denkuan wost newu yetor sefer. 1. A 2. Ali yeminorew tenish apartment wost newu. 2. AA 3. Ebrahim ena Kongit telek bait wost newu yeminorut Addis Abeba. 3. IEAA 4. Samson apartment wost newu yeminorew 4. A 5. Musse ena Berhanu yewetaderoch menoria wost newu yeminorut. 5. E 6. Biniam ena ene telek bait wost newu yemenenoreu. 6. EE

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4. Listen to the following dialogues and repeat after the speaker. Follow along in your workbook. Then, make up similar dialogues. Work in pairs or in small groups. 1. A. I live in a big house. Where do you live? E A/A /? Ene telek bait wost newu yemenorewu. Ante (M) Anchi (F) yet newu yemetenorewu (M) yemetnoreewu? E Ene yemnorew yetor sefer Denkuan wost newu ? Zenebe hotel wost newu yeminorewu.Mimi yet newuyemetnorewu? A Mimi apartment hentsa wost Newu yemetnorewu. E EI? Egan Yewotaderoch menoria Neo emenenorew. Yoseph ena Eleni yet newu yeminorut? E Enesu yeminorut yetor sefer newu

B. I live in a tent in a military camp. 2. A. Zenebe lives in the hotel. Where does Mimi live? B. Mimi lives in an apartment building. 3. A. We live in the barracks. Where do Yoseph and Eleni live?

B. They live in the military camp.

The use of or in Amharic has the same structure as in English grammar. OR woynes. Does he live in America or Ethiopia? Esu America neo woynes ethipia yeminorew. Do you go by bus or by car? Ante bu autobus neo woynes bu mekina yemetyade. 5. Read the following dialogues. Make up similar dialogues using the words below. Work in pairs or in small groups. 1. A. Do you live in a house or in an apartment? Ante yemetnore bait wost newu woynes Apartment wost? A A? Ene yemenorew bait wost newu E

B.

I live in a house.

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2. A. Do they live in a hotel or in an apartment building?

B. They live in an apartment building.

Enesu yeminorut hotel wost nowu woynes apartment hentsa wost? E A? Enesu yeminorut apartment hentsa wost newu. EA

6. Compose choice questions using the model and the words below. Model: Do you live in a tent or in the barracks? ante denkuan wost neo woynes yewetaderoch menoria yemtnorew A Ente(M) Anchi(f) Enesu Esu Esua Egna E E E Denkuan/ yewotaderoch menoria Hotel/Bait Apartment hentsa/yetor sefer Kefel/bait Apartment/hotel

A E E E E

7. Listen to the speaker and circle the words you hear. Check your work with the answer key. 1. 2. 3. 4. house house house house apartment apartment apartment apartment barracks barracks barracks barracks hotel hotel hotel hotel apartment building apartment building apartment building apartment building military camp military camp military camp military camp room room room room tent tent tent tent

8. Listen to the following sentences and repeat after the speaker. Follow along in your workbook. 1 I have a house in Addis Ababa. EAAA Ene addis abeba bait alegn EAA Egna apartment hentsa wost Kefel alen AA Serak Nazret apartment alewu EAA Himanot ena petros Mekele Bait alachew

2 We have a room in an apartment building. 3. Serak has an apartment in Nazret.

4. Himanot and Petros have a house in Mekele.

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9. Make up sentences using the correct form of the verb to have. Model: I have an apartment. ene apartment alegn EAA Ene E Ante (M) Anchi (F) A/A Esu E Esua E Esu E Egna E Enesu E Alegn A aleh (M) alesh(F) A/A Alewu A Alat A Alewu A Alen A Alachewu A

Apartment A

In Ethiopia there are many kinds of jobs, but the majority of those who live in the rural areas are farmers. However, in the cities, especially in the capital Addis Ababa, there are small business owners, government employees, and large business owners; there are both blue-collar and whitecollar jobs. There is a big problem with unemployment in the capital due to unskilled people coming into the city from the rural areas looking for work.

10. Listen to the new vocabulary related to professions and repeat after the speaker. Profession Doctor Nurse Laborer Teacher Student Soldier Mechanic Farmer Police Officer Waitress Interpreter Sera Doctor Nurse Yeken serategna Astemari Temari Wetader Mechanic Gebere Police Astenagage Asterguami A A A

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11. Circle the more likely profession of the two choices under the photo. Check the answer key.

Nurse woynes astemari ? AA?

Police woynes geberre? ?

Astenagage woynes doctor? A?

wetader Woynes asterguami? A?

12. Match the Amharic words on the right with their English equivalents on the left. Check the answer key. 1. Profession 2. Doctor 3. Nurse 4. Laborer 5. Teacher 6. Student 7. Soldier 8. Mechanic 9. Farmer 10. Police Officer 11. Waitress 12. Interpreter A A A A.Astenagag B.Gebere C.Asterguami D.Serra E.Nurse F.Police G.Doctor H.Yeken serategna I.Temari J.Wetader K.Mechanic L.Astemari

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In English we usually add an -s at the end of a word to make the plural. In Amharic, we add woch.

13. Listen to the plural form of nouns related to the names of professions, and repeat after the speaker. Profession Sera Doctor Doctor Nurse Nurse Laborer Yeken serategna Teacher Astemari Student Temari Soldier Wetader Mechanic Machanic Farmer Gebere Police officer Police Waitress A Astenagage Interpreter A Asterguami - professions Serawoch - doctors Doctorwoch - nurses Nursewoch - laborers Yeken serategnwoch - teachers Astemariwoch - students Temariwoch - soldiers Wetaderwoch - mechanics Mechanicwoch - farmers Geberewoch - police officers Policewoch - waitresses A astenagagewoch - interpreters Asterguamiwoch

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14. Listen to the speaker and put a circle around each word you hear. Replay the audio as many times as you need to. Check your work with the answer key. A. A. B. B. C. C. D. D. He is a mechanic / farmer. E They are teachers / doctors. EA She is an interpreter / student. EA They are police officers / soldiers. E

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Give a brief introduction of yourself, listing your name, where you are from, where you live, and what your occupation is in Amharic.

2. Listen to the recording and circle all the professions you hear. Check the answer key. A. 1. waitress 2. police officer 3. interpreter 1. nurse 2. teacher 3. farmer 1. doctor 2. nurse 3. student

B.

C.

3. Reproduce the questions to the following answers. 1. ___________________________? A Seme Alex newu. 2. ___________________________? EI Ene ke etiopia negn. 3. ___________________________? AEAA Auo,ene Addis Abeba newu yemenorewu . 4. ___________________________? EAA I,ene apartment alegn 5. ___________________________? AE Auo ene mechanic negn

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Vocabulary List
Apartment Apartment building Barracks Military camp House Tent Room Big Small Profession/professions Farmer/farmers Doctor/doctors Nurse/nurses Laborer/laborers Teacher/teachers Student/students Soldier/soldiers Mechanic/mechanics Waitress/waitresses Interpreter/interpreters Police officer/ police officers To have Apartment Apartment hentsa Yewetaderoch menoria Wetaderawi menesha Bait Denkuan kefel Telek Tenesh Sera/ serawoch Gebere/ geberewoch Doctor/doctorwoch Nure/nursewoch Yeken serategna/serategnawoch Astemari/astemariwoch Temari/temariwoch Wetader/wetaderwoch Mechanic/mechanicwoch Astenagage/astenagagewoch Asterguami/asterguamiwoch Police/policewoch menor A A / / / / / A/A / / / A/A A/A /

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Answer Key
2. A A 3. 1. Amdy lives in a tent at a military camp. 1. Amdy yeminorew denkuan wost newu yetor sefer. 1.A 2.Ali lives in a small apartment. 2. Ali yeminorew tenish apartment wost newu. 2.AA 3. Ebrahim ans konjit live inside a big house in Addis Abeba. 3. Ebrahim ena Kongit telek bait wost newu yeminorut Addis Abeba. 3.IEAA 4. Samson lives in an apartment. 4. Samson apartment wost newu yeminorew 4.A 5. Musse and Berhanu live in barracks. 5. Musse ena Berhanu yewetaderoch menoria wost newu yeminorut. 5.E 6. Biniam and I live in a big house. 6. Biniam ena ene telek bait wost newu yemenenoreu. 6.EE 1.Denkaun /B 2.Keffel/D 3.Bait/F 4.Apartment/G 5.Hotel/A 6.Apartment hentsa/H 7.Yewetaderoch menoria/E 8.Yetor sefer/C A.Hotel B.Tent C.Barracks D.Room E.Military camp F.House G.Apartment H.Apartment building

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7.
1. 2. 3. 4. 11. A Yewetaderoch menoria Bait Yetor sefer Apartment barracks house military camp apartment

Nurse woynes astemari ? Nurse or teacher? AA?

Police woynes geberre? Police or farmer? ?

Astenagage woynes doctor? waitress or doctor? A?

wetader Woynes asterguami? Soldier or interpreter? A?

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12. 1. Profession D 2. Doctor G 3. Nurse E 4. Laborer H 5. Teacher L 6. Student I 7. Soldier J 8. Mechanic K 9. Farmer B 10. Police Officer F 11. Waitress A 12. Interpreter C 14. A. Esu gebere neo. (farmer) E B. Enesu astemariwoch nachew. (teachers) EA C. Esua asterguami nat. (interpreter) EA D. Enesu wetaderwoch nachew. (soldiers) E End-of-Lesson Tasks 2. A. 1 waitress B. 2 teacher C. 3 student 3. 1. What is your name? ? Semehe manew? A Seme Alex newu. 2. Where are you from? A/A/? Ante(M) anchi (F) keyet neh (M) nesh(F)? EI Ene ke etiopia negn. A A A A.Astenagag B.Gebere C.Asterguami D.Serra E.Nurse F.Police G.Doctor H.Yeken serategna I.Temari J.Wetader K.Mechanic L.Astemari

A A

Astenagage Astemari Temari

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3. Do you live in Addis Ababa? A/AAA/? Ante (M) anchi(F) Addis Abeba neo yemetnorew(M) yemetnoreew? AEAA Auo,ene Addis Abeba newu yemenorewu . 4. Do you live in a house? A/AA/A? Ante (M) Anch(F) bait aleh(M) alesh(F)? EAA I,ene apartment alegn 5. Are you a mechanic? A/A/? Auo ene mechanic negn AE Auo ene mechanic negn

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Lesson 3 Yesament kenoch,kuteroch, Yesew edmewoch q:E Days of the Week, Numbers, Ages of People
This lesson will introduce you to: - Days of the week - Numbers from 0 to 100 - How to understand and respond to questions about what day it is - How to find out somebodys age and tell how old you are.

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

1. Listen to the days of the week and repeat them after the speaker. Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday Segno Maksegno Erob Hamus Areb Kedame Ehud

E A E

Read the days of the week several times, practicing pronunciation. Replay the audio if necessary.

2. Listen to the following dialogues and repeat after the speaker. Follow along in the workbook. Role-play the dialogues using the names of the other days of the week. Work in pairs or in small groups. Ehud Maksegno Hamus kedame Erob Arbe

1. What day is it today? Today is Monday. 2. Is today Monday? Yes, today is Monday. 3. Is today Monday? No, today is Tuesday.

Kenu menden newu zare Zare segno newu Segno newu zari? Auo,zare kenu segno newu Segno newu zare? I, zare kenu maksegno newu.

? A ? A

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3. Listen to the pronunciation and read the numbers from 0 to 10.

0
zero

1
aned A

2
hulet

3
sost

4
arat A

7
sebat

10

amest sedest A

sement zetegn aser A

4. Read the following dialogue. A. What is your telephone number? B. My telephone number is (360) 984 0217. A. What is your house (apartment) number? B. My house (apartment) number is 10456. Yante(M) yanchi(F) silk /q#_? Kuter cent neo Yene silk kuter q#_(360)984-0217 (360)984-0217 Yante(M) yanchi(F) bait (apartment) cent newu? Yene bait (apartment) kuter 10456 newu. //A? /Aq#_10456

5. Using the numbers above, tell in Amharic your telephone number, house number, and apartment number according to the model below. My telephone number is My house number is My apartment number is Yene silk kuter.newu Yene bait kuter ..newu Yene apartment kuter newu q#_ q#_R. q#_.

6. Pretend that you are in the hospital. Your classmate is a medical receptionist who wants to know your name, your telephone number, and your house number. Role-play the dialogue using Exercise 4 as a model.

7. Listen to the sentences and write down the missing numbers you hear. Check your work with the answer key. Model: Yene silk kuter amest(5) sedest (6) sebat(7) sement(8) arat(4) neo. AA

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1. Yene silk kuter 2. Yene silk kuter 3. Yene silk kuter 4. Yene silk kuter 5. Yene silk kuter

67_____653. 432_____01. 89645_____. 4___0692. 978____645.

All numbers from 11 to 19 begin with asra and continue with the number 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9. For example, number 11 is asra-aned, 12 is asra-hulet, 13 asra-sost and so forth.

8. Listen as the speaker says the numbers 11 to 20. Repeat after the speaker. They are recorded at a slower rate and at a normal rate of speech. 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 eleven twelve thirteen fourteen fifteen sixteen seventeen eighteen nineteen twenty 11 asra-aned 12 asra-hulet 13 asra-sost 14 asra-arat 15 asra-amst 16 asra-sedest 17 asra-sebat 18 asra-sement 19-asra-zetegn 20 haya AA A A AA AA A A A A

9. Practice saying the following numbers in Amharic: 11, 13, 15, 17, 19, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20 The same rules that apply to the numbers 11 to 19 also apply for the numbers from 21 to 29. Haya is 20, and so we begin the number 21 with haya-aned, 22 haya-hulet, 23 haya-sost and so forth. 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 twenty-one twenty-two twenty-three twenty-four twenty-five twenty-six twenty-seven twenty-eight twenty-nine 21 haya-aned 22 haya-hulet 23 haya-sost 24 haya-arat 25 haya-amst 26 haya-sedest 27 haya-sebat 28 haya-sement 29 haya-zetegn A A A

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10. Read the texts and translate into English. Check your work with the answer key. 1.Seme Bekele neo. Ene Addis Abeba neo yemenore. Ene bait alegn. Yene bait kuter hayaaned neo. EAAEAA 2. Haile wetader neo. Haile yeminorew apartment wost neo. Yesu apartment kuter haya-amest neo. AA A 3. Yesua seme Hirut neo. Esua astemari nat. Esua yemetnorew bait wost neo. Yesua bait kuter asra-sedest neo. AE A 4. Matios ena senaiet Mekele bait alachew. Yenesu bait kuter asra-arat neo. EAAA

11. Listen to the speaker and circle the number you hear in each row. A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29

12. Listen to the next set of numbers, spoken both slowly and at a normal rate of speech. Repeat after the speaker. 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety one hundred selasa arba hamsa selssa seba semania zetena meto A

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13. Practice saying the following numbers in Amharic. 30, 31, 40, 42, 50, 53, 60, 64, 70, 75, 80, 86, 90, 97, 100. The issue of asking someones age is the same as in America. It all depends on how well you know the person, how long you have known the person, and how close you are to the person. It is acceptable to ask young people their ages, but when its an older person or a woman, it depends on how closely you know the person. If it is in a professional setting and you are in a position where you have to know their age its not an issue.

14. Listen to several short exchanges asking about ages. Repeat after the speaker. 1. A. How old are you? B. I am 32 years old. 2. A. How old is he? B. He is 11. 3. A. How old is she? B. She is 86 years old. Cent ameteh(M) ametesh(F) neo? Ene selasa-hulet amete neo. Cent ametu neo esu? Esu asra-aned ametu neo Cent ametua neo esua? Esua semania-sement ametua neo. Esua selasa-arat ametua neo? I esua selasa-amest nat Ante haya-aned ameteh neo? Auo, ene haya-aned amete neo. Edemhe cent neo? Ene arba-sebat negn. A/A? EA A? EAAA AE? EA EAA? AEA AAA? AEAA E? EA

4. A. Is she 34 years old? B. No, she is 35. 5. A. Are you 21? B. Yes, I am 21.

6. A. What is your age? B. I am 47.

15. Read the above dialogues again. Work in pairs and role-play the dialogues with a classmate.

16. Tell your classmates in Amharic how old you are and ask them about their ages.

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17. Listen and match the age with the name. Check the answer key. Mebrat Abreham Frewot Kedija Gebre 11 72 52 29 43

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Listen to the following statements in Amharic. Answer the questions. Check your work with the answer key. A. Selam seme Alula neo. Ene haya-sedest neo. Ene police negn. AEAE 1. ? 2. A? 3. ? Semu manne neo? Cent ametu neo? Sraw menden neo?

B. Yesu sem Belachew newu. Esu arba ametu newu. Esu wetader newu. EAAE ? A? ? Semu manne neo? Cent ametu neo? Sraw menden neo?

C. Yesu sem Beletech neo. Esu arba-arat ametua neo. Esua astemari nat. EAAEA ? A? ? Yesua sem manne neo? Cent ametua neo? Srawa menden neo?

2. Recite the following in Amharic. Ask what day it is. Say what day it is today. Ask someones age. Say how old you are.

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Vocabulary List
Today Year Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday Telephone Old How old are you? What day is it today? Today is Monday. I am 25 years old. 0 zero 1 one 2 two 3 three 4 four 5 five 6 six 7 seven 8 eight 9 nine 10 ten 11 eleven 12 twelve 13 thirteen 14 fourteen 15 fifteen 16 sixteen 17 seventeen 18 eighteen 19 nineteen 20 twenty 21 twenty-one 22 twenty-two 23 twenty-three 24 twenty-four Zare Amet Segno Maksegno Erob Hamus Areb kedame Eude Silk(telephone) Aroge Edemeh (M) edemesh(F) cent newu? Zare kenu menden newu? Zare segno newu Ene haya-amest amete newu. zero Aned Hulet Sost Arat Amest Sedest Sebat Sement Zetegn Aser Asra-aned Asra-hulet Asra-sost Asra-arat Asra-amest Asra-sedest Asra-sebat Asra-sement Asra-zetgn Haya Haya-aned Haya-hulet Haya-sost Haya-arat A E A

E A EE? ? EAA A A A A AA A A AA AA A A A A A A

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25 26 27 28 29 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100

twenty-five twenty-six twenty-seven twenty-eight twenty-nine thirty forty fifty sixty seventy eighty ninety one hundred

Haya-amest Haya-sedest Haya-sebat Haya-sement Haya-zetegn Selasa Arba Hamsa Selsa Seba Semania Zetena Meto

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Answer Key
7. Yene silk kuter sedest (6)sebat(7) arat (4) Sedest(6) amest(5) sost (3) neo. A 2.Yene silk kuter arat(4) sost(3) hulet(2) amest(5)zero(0) aned(1) neo. AA 3.Yene silk kuter sement(8) zetgn(9) sedest(6) arat (4) amest(5) Zero (0) neo. AA 4.Yene silk kuter arat(4) sost (3)zero(0) sedest(6) zetegn(9) hulet(2) neo. A 5. Yene silk kuter zetegn(9) sebat(7) sement(8) hulet (2)sedest(6) arat(4) amest(5) neo. AA 10. 1. My name is Bekele. I live in Addis Ababa. I have a house. My house number is twenty one. 1. Seme Bekele neo. Ene Addis Abeba neo yemenore. Ene bait alegn. Yene bait kuter hayaaned neo. EAAEAA 2. Haile is a soldier. Haile lives in an apartment. His apartment number is twenty five. 2. Haile wetader neo. Haile yeminorew apartment wost neo. Yesu apartment kuter haya-amest neo. AA A 3. Her name is Hirut. She is a teacher. She lives in a house. Her house number is sixteen. 3. Yesua seme Hirut neo. Esua astemari nat. Esua yemetnorew bait wost neo. Yesua bait kuter asra-sedest neo. AE A 4. Matios and Senaiet have a house in Mekele. Their house number is fourteen. 4. Matios ena senaiet Mekele bait alachew. Yenesu bait kuter asra-arat neo. EAAA

11. A. B. C. D.

10 Aser 12 asra-hulet 13 asra-sost 24 asra-arat

A A A AA 60

E. F. G. H. I. 17.

5 amest A 16 asra-sedest A 27 haya-sebat 18 asra-semnt A 29 haya-zetgn

A. Frewot hamsa-hulet ametua neo. B. Mebrat asra-aned nat areb. C. Kedija selasa nat? I esua haya-zetegn nat. D. Abreham seba-hulet ametu neo. E. Gebre cent ametu neo? Esu Arba-sost ametu neo.

A AAA

Frewot is fifty-two years old. Mebrat is forty on friday

Is kedija thirty? She is ?AE twenty-nine AA Abraham is seventy-two years old How old is Gebre? He is A? E forty-three years old AA

End of Lesson Tasks 1. A. Hi, my name is Alula. I am 26 years old. I am a police officer. B. His name is Belachew. He is 40. He is a soldier. C. Her name is ABeletech. She is 44. She is a teacher.

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Lesson 4 E Yehuleken Enkesekase Daily Activities

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

This lesson will introduce you to: - how to ask for and tell time - typical daily activities in Ethiopia - the verbs to go, to study, to play, to work, to watch, to read, to eat, and to get up - the past tense of the verbs.

In Ethiopia, the top of the day begins at the top of the clock. The beginning of the day is taken to be 6:00 a.m. Western timetherefore 6:00 a.m. Western time is 12:00 in the morning in Ethiopia; 12 noon Western time is 6:00 noon in Ethiopia; 6:00 p.m. Western time is 12:00 in the evening Ethiopia time, etc. The division of the day into a.m. and p.m. is not used in Ethiopia. Instead, quadrants of time are described according to the part of day, e.g., morning, afternoon, evening, night. Western time and corresponding Ethiopian time can be seen on the following chart. Although this way of keeping time is the only way, in some circumstances, such as booking an airline flight or in certain professional settings, AM and PM are used. Military time is the same as in America, but instead of using hundred, zero zero is used. Example: 16 hundred hours in Amharic is asra sedest zero zero, and so forth. Morning is ke tuatu; afternoon is kekenu, evening is kemeshetu, and night is ke llitu; this is how AM and PM are distinguished. -- Quarter past (ke rueb); half past is (tekule) and quarter until is (rueb gudie). Ke is past. Example: five past ten is Aser ke amest. Amharic does not have the equivalent of ten ten or ten twenty. You should always use ke, which is past, and gudie, which is until. Example: Twenty until is haya gudie.

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Western Time 6.00 AM 7.00 AM 8.00 AM 9.00 AM 10.00 AM 11.00 AM 12.00 AM 1.00 PM 2.00 PM 3.00 PM 4.00 PM 5.00 PM 6.00 PM 7.00 PM 8.00 PM 9.00 PM 10.00 PM 11.00 PM 12.00 PM 1.00 AM 2.00 AM 3.00AM 4.00 AM 5.00 AM

Ethiopian Time 12 se-at (oclock) 1 se-at (oclock) 2 se-at (oclock) 3 se-at (oclock) 4 se-at (oclock) 5 se-at (oclock) 6 se-at (oclock) 7 se-at (oclock) 8 se-at (oclock) 9 se-at (oclock) 10 se-at (oclock) 11 se-at (oclock) 12 se-at (oclock) 1 se-at (oclock) 2 se-at (oclock) 3 se-at (oclock) 4 se-at (oclock) 5 se-at (oclock) 6 se-at (oclock) 7 se-at (oclock) 8 se-at (oclock) 9 se-at (oclock) 10 se-at (oclock) 11 se-at (oclock)

Time Designation Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Morning/ketuatu Noon/kekenu Afternoon/kese-at Afternoon/kese-at Afternoon/kese-at Afternoon/kese-at Afternoon/kese-at Evening/ke mesetu Evening/ke meshestu Evening/ke meshetu At night/ke meshetu At night/ke meshetu At night/ke meshetu Midnight/ekule lelit In morning/ke lelitu In morning/ke lelitu In morning/ke lelitu In morning/ke letitu In morning/ke teuatu

A A A A A E

1. Listen as the speaker tells time in Amharic. Repeat after the speaker.

What time is it? It is four oclock. A?AA Cent ceit newu? Arat ceit newu.

What time is it? It is four fifteen. A?A Cent ceit newu? Arat ke rueb newu.

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What time is it? It is four thirty. A?A Cent ceit newu? Arat tekul newu

What time is it? It is four forty-five. A?AAA Cent ceit newu? Arat ke araba amest

What time is it? It is three twenty. A? Cent ceit newu? Sost ke haya

What time is it? It is three forty. A? Cent ceit newu? Sost ke haya

2. What time is it? Fill in the clock faces with the correct times according to how they are listed in Amharic below. Check the answer key. A.Ke kenu sost ceit A B.Lesetegn rueb gudi C.Sedest ke rueb D.Nine zero zero E. ke meshetu asra aned ceit. AAA F. asra-sost hamsa-amest AA G. asra hulet ceit ke kenu AA H. arat ke rueb A

A.

B.

C.

D.

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E.

F.

G.

H.

3. Listen to the following exchanges and identify the clock time mentioned in each. Check the answer key. A. B. C. D. E. 8:15 9:50 5:10 4:13 7: 50 9:00 9:15 8:50 4:30 7:10

4. Compose dialogues according to the model below. Work in pairs or in small groups. Use the times listed below. Model: A. - What time is it? Cent ceit newu? A? B. - It is two oclock. Hulet ceit newu. A

8:00 a.m., 7:15 a.m., 10:30 a.m., 2:10 p.m., 4:45 p.m., 6:50 p.m., 12:00., 11:05. In Amharic, the infinitive tense verbs start with M, which is the equivalent of to, and is read together. Examples: To go is mhayd, to play is m-chawet, to work is mserat, to study is me-tenat, to eat is me-blat, to watch is me-yet, to read is me-anbeb, and to get up is me-nesat. In Amharic, the verb is conjugated; in other words, it changes with the persons I, you, she, he, it, we and they. 65

There is no one specific and uniform rule, as in English where an -ED is added to a verb and it becomes a past tense, or -ING is added and it becomes a continuous tense. I go you go Ene ehydalew Ante(M) tehydaleh Anchi(F) tehyegalesh Esu yehydal(M) Esua tehydalech( Enesu yehedal Enante tehaydalchew Enesu yehedalu A E E E E E A E EE E E EE A I study you study He/she studies we study you study they study I watch you watch He/she watches we watch you watch they watch I read you read Ene atenaleu Ante(M) tatenalh Anchi(F)tategnale sh Esu yatenal Esua tatenaalech Egna enatenalen Enante tatenalachew Enesu yatenalu EA A E EE E E EA A E EE E E EA A

he/she goes we go you go they go

I work you work He/she works we work you work they work I eat you eat

Ene seralew Ante(M) teseraleh Anci(F) teserialesh Esu yeseral Esua teseralech Egna ensealen Enante teseralachew Enesu yeserralu

Een ayalew Ante(M) tayaleh Anchi(F)tahalesh Esu yayal Esua tayalech Egna enayalen Enante tayalachew Enesu yayalu

Ene ebelalew Ante(M) tebelaleh Anchi (F) tebeyalesh Esu(M) yebelal Esua(F) tebelalech Egna enbelalen Enante tebelalachew Enesu yebelalu

He/she eats we eat you eat they eat

E EE E E EE A

Ene anebalew Ante(M) tanebaleh Anchi(F) tanebaleh He/she Esu yanebal reads Esua tanebalech we read Egna enanebalen you Eneante read tanebalachew they Enesu yanebalu read I get up you get up Ene enesalew Ante(M) tenesal Anchi(F) teneshalesh

E EE E E EE A

I play you play

Ene echwetalew Ante(M) techawetaleh Anchi (F) techawetalesh

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He/she plays We play You play They play

Esu yechawetal Esua techawetalech Egna enechwetalen Enante techawetalachw Enesu yechawetalu

E/E He/she gets up EE E E

We get up You get Enante up tenesalachew They Enesu yenesalu get up

Esu yenesal(M) Esua tenesalech(F) Egna enenesalen

E EE E E

5. Listen to the short statements that describe each activity in the pictures below. Repeat after the speaker. Pay attention to new verbs and other new vocabulary.

They play basketball. Basketball yechawetalu

She goes to the market. Esua gebeia teheydalech E

They study at school. Enesu temehert bait yatenalu E

She works in the hospital Esua hospital newu yemeteseraw E

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He plays soccer. Esu quas yechawetal E

The girl eats lunch. Lejitwa mesa tebelalech

The man reads a book. Seweyew metsehaf yanebal

The woman watches television. Sayteyewa television tayalech

6. Listen to the following statements and repeat after the speaker. Follow along in the workbook. Replay the audio if necessary. Prepositions in Amharic: In is wost, on is lie, at is bu, to is whede, and with is garr. A. The boy goes to school at 7:30. B. The man eats breakfast at seven oclock. C. The woman watches television in the evening. D. The girl studies at home in the afternoon. Leju temehert bait bu sebat Tekul yehydal Sewyew bu sebat ceit Kurs yebelal Sayteyewa teuat teleision tayalech Lejitua keceit bu bait wost tatenalech A A

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E. Merron goes to the market in the morning. F. Ashenafi plays soccer on Friday. G. I get up at 7:00.

Merron teuat gebeia tehydalech

AA EAE

Ashenafi areb quis yechawetal

Ene bu sebat ceit enesalew

7. Match the following sentences with the pictures below. Check your answers with the answer key. 1. Ene temehert bait bu zetegn tekul haydalew. EE 2. Enesu bu sebat kurse yebelalu. E 3. Egna teuat enatenalen. EE 4. Esua mata metsehaf tanebalech. E

#______________

#_______________

#____________

#_________________

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8. Read the following text and answer the questions. Check your work with the answer key. Andenet temari neo. Temehert bait yatenal. Hule ken bu sebat kerube yenesal. Esu bu sebat tekul kurse yebelal. Esu bu sement temehrt bait yehydal. Esu temehert bait behuala basketball yechawetal.Esu metshaf yanebal ena degmo television mata yayal. Andenet kedame ena ehude Ayatenam. AE E EEAEE A 1. Is Andenet a teacher? 2. Where does he study? 3. When does he get up? 4. When does he have breakfast? 5. When does he go to school? 6. When does he play basketball? 7. What does he do in the evening? 8. Does he study on Saturday and Sunday? 9. Rearrange the following statements into a logical order for a daily schedule. Check your work with the answer key. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. E EA E E EE EE EA Ene messa ke guadiagnawoch garr haydalewu Ene television ayalewu Ene temhert bait haydalewu Ene messa ke guadegnaye garr belalewu Ene basketball echawetalewu Ene kurse ebelalewu Ene bait atenalewu

10. Tell your partner about your daily schedule. Use the words and word combinations given below. Huleken menesat kurse meblat Gebei mehaid Sera mehaid Metshaf manbeb Messa meblat Mata television myet

Basketball mechawet

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11. Listen to the five short statements. Circle the English statement that is the equivalent of each Amharic statement you hear. Check the answer key. 1. A. I play soccer after school. B. I play soccer after dinner. C. I play soccer after work. 2. A. She goes to the market in the evening. B. She goes to the market in the afternoon. C. She goes to the market in the morning. 3. A. I go to work in the morning. B. I go to school in the morning. C. I go to the market in the morning. 4. A. I study at home on Saturday. B. I play soccer at home on Saturday. C. I eat breakfast at home on Saturday. 5. A. He watches television in the afternoon. B. He watches television in the evening. C. He watches television in the morning.

Study the past tense of the verbs below. The rules for the past tense in Amharic: in the past tense, the ending of the verb changes with each pronoun (I, YOU, SHE, HE, IT, WE, THEY). There is no one rule such as in English, where every regular verb ends with -ED in the past tense. Look at the examples below. I went you went He/she went we went you went they went Ene hedku. Ante (m) hedek Anchi (f) hedesh Esu hede Esua hedeche Engna hayden Enante haydachehu Enesu haidu E A E E E E E I studied you studied He/she studied we studied you studied they studied Ene atenahu Ente(m)atenah, Anchi(f) atenash. Esu atena (m) Esuwa (f) atenach Egna atenan Enante atenacheu Ensu atenu E A AA A A E A A E E E E E E E

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I worked you worked He/she worked we worked you worked they worked

Ene serahu Ante (m) serah Anchi (f) se Esu sera Esua serac Egna seran Enante serachu Enesu seru

E A E E E E E A E E E E E E A

I watched you watched He/she watched we watched you watched they watched I read you read

Ene ayehu, Ante (m) ayeh Anchi (f) ayec Esu aye/ Esua ayec Egna atenan. Ante atenah Enesu atenu

E E A A E A E A E A A A E A E A A A E A E A E A A A E A E A

I ate Ene belahu you ate Ante (m) belah Anchi (f) belash he ate she ate we ate you ate Esu bela Esua belac Egna belan Enante belachu

they ate I played you played

Enesu belu Ene techawetku Ante (m) techawtek Anchi (f) techawtesh Esu techawete Esua techawetc Egna techaweten Enante techawetachew Enesu techawetu

Ene anebebku Ante anebek (m) Anchi anebesh (f) he read Esu anbebe she read Esua anbebec we read Egna anebebn you Ante anbebk read (m) anchi anebebsh (f) they Enesu anebebu read I got up Ene tenesahu you got up Ante tenesah (m) Anchi tenesash (f) Esu (m) tenesa Esua (f) tenesac Egna tenesan

He/she played we played you played they played

E E E E E

He/she got up we got up you got up

E E E A E

Ante tenesah (m) Anchi tenesash (f) they got Ensu tenesu up

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12. Read the following sentences and translate them into English. Check your work with the answer key. E AEE E E A AEA A A A AA yesterday tenantena last year /week /Sunday yalefew amet/sament/ehud A//E a year ago yezare amet A 1.Tenantena ene temhert bait hayjay neber 2.Yalefew amet ene ena gouadegnoch basketball techaweten 3.Yalefew sament egna gebeia hayden 4.Tenantena bu zetegn ene bait neberku 5.Tenantena bu sedest rat belan 6,Yalefew amet liju hisab ena musica atntual 7.Tenantena lijtua televison ayech. 8. Yalefew samnet metsihaf anbebku. 9.Yezare amet Paris neberku. 10.Yalefew amet Axmu bait nebren

13. Complete the following sentences using the verbs located in the box below. Check your answers with the answer key. Atenahu A Serahu Techawetku Neberk Tenesaw Belaw /haydeku Ayehu A

1. Ene tenantena bu sebat ceit ____________________ EA________________ 2. Ene ke welagwoche garr kurse ______________ E______________ 3. Ene yalefew ehud gebei __________________ EE__________________ 4. Ene yalefew segno basketball __________________ E________________ 5. Ene tenantena television ___________________ E_________________

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6. Ene yalefew amet hotel __________________ EA__________________ 7.Ene yezare sost amet ____________________ E_______________ 8. Ene yalefew sament Awassa ___________________ EA__________________

14. Listen to the following dialogue and repeat after the speaker. Make up similar dialogues using the words and word combinations given below. Work in pairs or in small groups. A? A.Tenanetena min adrek? A B.Telantena Television ayehu. A A.Telanetena min yahil television ayeh? AA B. Aned ceit.

15. Make up similar dialogues using the words and word combinations given below. Work in pairs or in small groups. AAA A AA A A EAAA AI Telanetna television mayet-aned ceit. Telantena wede gebeya mehed hulet ceit Yalefew amet hotel mesrat arat samint. Yalefew amet timhert bait matenat- siment samintoch Yalefew ehud metsihaf manbeb-aned ceit. Yezare amet basketball mechawet sidest samntoch. Yezare amet Ethiopia mehon hulet samenetwoch.

4. last year study at school 8 weeks 5. last Sunday read a book one hour 6. a year ago play basketball 6 weeks 7. a year ago be in Ethiopia 2 weeks

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Read the following text in Amharic. Put T (True) or F (False) next to the statements that are written below the text. Check your work with the answer key.
Selam. Ene seme Habtom neo.Ene Adawa neo yemenore.Ene astemari negn.Ene hisab ene Musika astemeralew.Hule ken bu sedestt ceit ketuate enesales.Ene kurrse bela ena temehert Bait haydalew.Ene bu sement ceit temehert bait negn. Maksegno ena hamus le hulet ceit Quis echawetalew. Ketemehetr bewhouala gebei haydalew.Ene bu amest ceit bait negn. Mata Television le aned ceit ayalew ena metshehaf le hulet ceit ayalew.

EEAEAEIE AAEEE EAE AEEA AAAEAA

1. _______ The man lives in Adwa. 2 ________He lives in small house. 2. _______ He is a student. 3. _______ He studies math and music. 4. _______ Everyday he gets up at 6:00 a.m. 5. _______ He does not have breakfast. 6. _______He is at school at 8:00. 7. _______Habtom plays soccer on Saturday and Monday for 3 hours. 8. _______He goes shopping after work. 9. _______In the evening he works for 2 hours.

2. Describe your daily schedule of activities, including the times in Amharic. For example, start with what time you get up, then eat breakfast, etc. I get up at 6:00 and eat breakfast at 6:30. I go to school at

3. Find out what your partner did yesterday at 7:00 a.m., 7:30 a.m., 10:00 a.m., 1:00 p.m., 4:00 p.m., and 8:00 p.m., and how long each activity lasted. Work in pairs or in small groups.

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Vocabulary List
After In the morning In the afternoon In the evening Every day Last week A year ago Last Sunday (Monday, Tuesday, etc.) At school Math Music Book Breakfast Lunch Dinner Home At home Market On Sunday (Monday, Tuesday) To go (to) To play soccer/basketball To watch television To eat breakfast (lunch, dinner) To get up/wake up To read To study To work What time is it? It is three oclock. When Man Woman Boy Girl Buhula ketuatu Kekenu kemeshetu Whol ken Yalefew sament Yezaray amet Yalefew ehud, yalefew segno Temehert Hisab Muzika metsehaf Kurse Meisa Rat Bait Bait Gebia Ehud ken,segno ken, mehyid Quas mechawett/ basketball mechawett Television myet Kurse meblat, Meisa meblat Rat meblat menesat manbeb mattnat Mesrat Cent ceit newu? Sost ceit newu Meche Sewye Saytyo Wend lej (leju) Sait lej (lejitua) A E E A A / /

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Answer Key
2. A. three thirty pm B. eight forty-five am C. ten after six D. zero nine hundred 3. A. What time is it? It is 8:15 in the morning Cent ceit neo? Ke tuatu sement kerubb neo. A? B. What time is it? Its 9:50. Cent ceit neo? Zetegn tekul neo. A? C. What time is it? It is 5:10. Cent ceit neo? Amest ke aser neo A? AA D. What time is it? It is 4:30 in the afternoon. Cent ceit neo? Ke kenu arat tekul neo. A? A E. What time is it? It is 7:10. Cent ceit neo? Sebat ke aser neo. A? A 7. 1. 2. 3. 4. I go to school at 9:30. They eat breakfast at 7:00. We study in the morning. She reads a book in the evening. E. eleven thirty pm F. thirteen fifty-five G. twelve oclock H. four fifteen

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#_______3_______

#________1_______

#________2____

#_____________4____

8. Andenet is a student. He studies in school. Every day he gets up at 7:15. He eats breakfast at 7:30. He goes to school at 8:00. After school he plays basketball. In the evening he watches television and reads. Andenet does not study on Saturday and Sunday.

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9. Your answer may vary but did you understand the statements? 6. I eat breakfast. 3. I go to school. 1. I go to lunch with my friends. 5. I play basketball. 4. I eat dinner with my friend. 7. I study at home. 2. I watch television. 11. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. B C A B A 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 12. 1. Yesterday I went to school. 2. Last year my friends and I played basketball. 3. They went shopping last week. 4. I was at home at 9:00 yesterday. 5. We ate dinner at 6:00 yesterday. 6. The boy studied music and math at school last year. 7. The girl watched television yesterday. 8. Last Sunday I read a book. 9. I was in Paris a year ago. 10. We had a house in Axum two years ago. I play soccer after dinner. She goes to the market in the morning. I go to work in the morning. I play soccer at home on Saturday. He watches television in the afternoon. EE E EE EE EA

13. 1. Ene tenantena bu sebat ceit tenesaw. EA 2. Ene ke welagwoche garr kurse belaw E 3. Ene yalefew ehud gebei haydeku

I got up at 7:00 yesterday. I ate breakfast with my parents.

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EE 4. Ene yalefew segno basketball techaweteku. E 5. Ene tenantena television ayehu EA 6. Ene yalefew amet hotel serahu EA 7.Ene yezare sost amet atenahu EA 8. Ene yalefew sament Awassa neberk EA End-of-Lesson Tasks 1.

I went shopping last Sunday. I played basketball last Monday. I watched television yesterday. I was at the hotel last year. I studied at school three years ago. I went to Awassa last week.

Hello. My name is Habtom. I live in Adwa. I have a small house. I am a teacher at this school. I teach math and music. Everyday I get up at 6:00 a.m. I eat breakfast and go to school. I am at school at 8:00 a.m. On Tuesday and Thursday I play soccer for 2 hours. After school, I go shopping. I am home at 5:00. In the evening I watch TV for an hour and read books for 2 hours. 1. _ T_ The man lives in Adwa 2 __ T__He lives in small house. 2. __F__He is a student. 3. __F__He studies math and music. 4. __T__Everyday he gets up at 6:00 a.m. 5. __F__He does not have breakfast. 6. __T__He is at school at 8:00. 7. __F__Habtom plays soccer on Saturday and Monday for 3 hours. 8. _ T__He goes shopping after work. 9. _ F__In the evening he works for 2 hours

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Lesson 5 Yebaiteseb Tewewek Meeting the Family

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

This lesson will introduce you to: - The kinship terms used for immediate and extended family; - How to ask and answer simple questions about family members; - The pronouns who, this, that, these, and those.

The average Ethiopian family is made up of the father as the head of the family (the breadwinner), the mother, who is in charge of the children and domestic affairs, and five to ten children per single family. Also in most families, grandparents and sometimes aunts and uncles live together. Children live with their parents until they get married, and old people are taken care of by their children once they are too old to take care of themselves. It is also normal for three generations to live in the same house for economical reasons. Although the male is the primary breadwinner, in cities it is beginning to change. Many women have started becoming additional earners and sole providers for the family. In the rural areas, women have more children so they can help with the farming and taking care of the cattle; they can also take care of the parents in their old age. In the city, families are becoming smaller due to better education and contraception. Grandparents are very influential and have a great deal of power in decisionmaking of family matters. Elders are looked upon as wise and therefore respected and revered in the family more than the head male of the family. Children are considered children until they get married and earn a living. They do not have the same importance as in the West; they obey their parents with great respect.

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1. Look at these photos of families. Listen to the kinship terms and repeat after the speaker.

Family Parents Mother Father Children Daughter/daughters Son/sons Grandparents Grandfather Grandmother Sister/sisters Brother/brothers

Baiteseb Welagoch Enat Abat Lejoich Sait lejoich Wend lejoich Ayatwoch Wend ayat Sait ayat Ehet/ehetwoch Wendem/wendemwoch

E A A A A E/E /

Who mann; This yehey; These-enezi; That-ya; Those-eneza; That-yechi(female); This ichi; This-yehey (male); This-egni(older person); That egna(older person)

2. Listen to the following dialogues and repeat them after the speaker. Role-play the dialogues using the pictures above. 1. A. Who is this? B. This is my mother. 2. A. Who is that? B. That is my sister. 3. A. Who are these? B. These are my parents. 4. A. Who are those? B. Those are my grandparents. ? E ? E E? E E? EA Ichi mann nat? Ichi enate nat. Yachi mann nat? Yachi ehete nat. Enezi mann nachewu? Enezi welagoche nachewu. Eneza mann nachew? Eneza ayatoche nachew.

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3. Listen to, read and translate the following sentences into English. Check your work with the answer key. 1 EEAAE A yene enat ena abat aned wend lej ena hulet sait leggoch alwachewu. 2 EA ene yemenorewu ke ayatoch garr telk bait wost newu. 3 E yesu welagoch harrar newu yeminorut. Enesu yeken serategna nachewu. 4 EAE ene hule wendeMoch alugn.enesu wetadeRoch nachew. yeminorut ye tor sefer newu. 5 EEA esua ehet aleat. Yesua sem Nadia newu. 6 AEEA yene wendem selasa ametu newu. Esu wend lej ena sait lej alewu.

4. Tell about your mother/ father/ sister/ grandfather/grandmother/sister/brother according to the scheme below: 1. name 2. age 3. occupation 4. place of living (city and type of residence). Model: yehey yene abat neo. Yesu sem tesfaye neo. Esu arba sement ametu neo. Esu astemari neo. Esu Dere dawa neo yeminorew. Esu tenesh bait alew. AEAAEA EEA

5. Reproduce the questions to the following answers. Check your work with the answer key. 1. __________________? Auo,yehey yene wendem newu. A ________________? Yesu sem Kenenisa newu.

2.

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3.

___________________? Esu Addis Ababa newu yeminorewu. EAA ___________________? Esu doctor newu. E

4.

5. ____________________? Segno sera yehaydal. 6. _____________________? I, maksegno basketball yechawetal. A

6. Listen to the audio. Circle the word you hear. Check your work with the answer key. 1. mother 2. daughter 3. family 4. children 5. sister father son parents grandparents brother grandfather

6. grandmother -

7. Listen and repeat after the speaker. Follow along in the workbook. Husband Wife Marriage Unmarried/single bal mist gabecha Yalageba/latte

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8. Fill in the blanks using the words written in the boxes below. Check your answers with the answer key. 1. wend lej / agebetul/EA 5 ametu/5 A 30 ametua/30 A yesua/ doctor/ yesu

Yene wendem____________. Yesu mest _____________nat. ________ sem hirut neo. esua ___________nat. enesu __________alachew. Esu 5__________neo. _________sem Tedros Neo. -_____________E___E______A E5________ 2. agebetalech/A yesu/ 8 ametu/8 A sait lej/ eheht/E 10 ametua/10 A wetader/ yenesu/

yesua

Teferi ________________alewu. ______ sem Lidiya newu. Esua ______________nech. Yesua bal _______________newu.. _______ sem Samoere newu. Enesu hulet ________________alachew. _________ yenesu sem Naomi ena Tigist newu. Naomi _______newu. Tigist _____________newu. . _____A____-E____________ E____A________ ___

9. Make up short stories in Amharic about the people listed below. 1. Lulit agebetalech, selasa aned ametua , yesua bal, yeken serategna,neo wend lej ena sait lej. AAA 2. Melese agebtaul, 28 ametu, yesu mest, astemari, lejoch. 28 AAA 3. Negest lette, 20 ametua, yesua welajoch garr , temari, wendem. 20 A

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10. Listen to several short dialogues as people answer questions about their family members. Circle the correct answer for each question. Check your work with the answer key. 1. A. Who is she? B. She is my mother / sister / grandmother. 2. A. Is she married? B. No, she is single / a doctor / 25 years old. 3. A. Who is he? B. He is my wife / my husband / my father. 4. A. Is he married? B. Yes / No / I dont know. 5. A. Who are they? B. They are my parents / my children / my grandparents. 6. A. Where do they live? B. They live in the barracks / in the tent / in the apartment. 7. A. Do you have any brothers? B. Yes, I have two brothers / two sisters / two sons. 8. A. Who is that? B. That is my wife / mother / husband. 9. A. Does she have any children? B. Yes, she has two brothers / two sisters / two sons.

11. Read and translate the text. Put T (True) or F False) next to the statements below. Check your answers with the answer key. Alula wend ayat ena sait ayat alut. Enesu ke Alula ena yesu baiteseb garr neo yeminorut. Alula wendemoch yelutem. Esu hulet ehetoch alut. Enesu temarioch nachew. Alula agebetual. Yesu mist doctor nat. Alula ena yasu mist sait lej ena wend lej alachew. AAEAAEAE AEEAE AAAEE A

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1. ________Alula has parents. 2. ________Alula is married. 3. ________He has two sisters. 4. ________Alula and his wife are students. 5. ________Alula is a doctor. 6. ________Alula has two children.

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Give a brief description in Amharic of your immediate family. Include the age, name, and profession of each person, and tell whether each person is married or single, and where he/she lives. If you want to, use real pictures of your family members.

2. Ask your classmate in Amharic if he/she has a mother, a father, a sister, and a brother, what their names are, how old they are, where they live, and what their professions are.

3. Work in small groups. Describe the pictures below. Use new vocabulary.

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Vocabulary List
Parents Father Mother Children Son/sons Daughter/daughters Brother/brothers Sister/sisters Grandparents Grandmother Grandfather Husband Wife Married Unmarried/single Who is this/that? Who are these/those? This/that is These/those are Welagoch Abat Enat Lejoch Wend lej/wend lejoch Sait lej/sait lechoch Wendem/wendemoch Eheit/eheitoch Ayatoch Yesait ayat Yewnd ayat Bal Mest Yageba Yalageba Maneu? Manachew? Yehe/yaneo Enezi/enesih A E / / / E/A A A A ? ? / E/E.

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Answer Key
3. 1 EEAAEA yene enat ena abat aned wend lej ena hulet sait leggoch alwachewu. My mother and father have one son and two daughters. 2 EA ene yemenorewu ke ayatoch garr telk bait wost newu. I live with my grandparents in a big house. 3 E yesu welagoch harrar newu yeminorut. Enesu yeken serategna nachewu. Her parents live in Harrar.They are day laborers. 4 EAE ene hulet wendeMoch alugn.enesu wetadeRoch nachew. yeminorut ye tor sefer newu. I have two brothers. They are soldiers. They live in the military camp. 5 EEA esua ehet aleat. Yesua sem Nadia newu. She has a sister. Her name is Nadia. 6 AEEA yene wendem selasa ametu newu. Esu wend lej ena sait lej alewu. My brother is thirty years old. He has a son and a doughter. 5. ? A ? E? EAA E? E E? E? A Yehay yante wendem neo? Auo yehay yene wendem neo Yesu sem manne neo? Yesu sem kenenisa neo Esu yet neo yeminorew? Esu addis abeba neo yeminore Esu wetader neo? Esu dokter neo Esu meche sear yehaydal? Segno yehaydal Esu maksegno sera yehaydal? I maksegno basketball yecawetal

1. Is this your brother? Yes, this is my brother. 2. What is his name? His name is Kenenisa.

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3.

Where does he live? He lives in Addis Ababa. 4. What is his occupation? He is a doctor. 5. When does he go to work? He goes to work on Monday. 6. Does he work on Tuesday? No, he plays baseball on Tuesday. 6. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Father abat/A Daughter sait lej/ Family baiteseb/ Grandparents ayatoch/A Sister eheit/E Grandfather wend ayat/A

8. 1. Yene wendem agebetual . Yesu mest doctor nat. yesua sem Hirut neo. Esua 30 ametua neo. Enesu wend lej alachew. Esu 5 ametu neo. yesui sem Tedros Neo. AE30A E AE5 A 2. Teferi eheht alew. Yesua sem Lidiya neo. Esua agbetalech . Yesua bal wetader neo. yesu sem Samora neo. Enesu hulet siat lejoch alachew. Yenesu sem Naomi ena Tigist neo. Naomi aser ametua nat. Tigist sement ametu nat. EAEA EAOEOA A 10. 1. A. Esua mann nat? E? Who is she? B. Esua ehete nat. EE She is my sister. 2. A. Esu agbetalech? EA? Is she married? B. I, Esu alagebachem. AEA No, she is single.

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3. A. Esu mann newu? E? Who is he? B. Esu yene bal / yene abat newu. E He is my husband. 4. A. Esu agebetual? EA? Is he married? B. Auo.,A Yes. 5. A. Enesu mann nachewu? E? Who are they? B. Enesu yene lejoch nachewu E They are my children. 6. A. Enesu yet newu yeminorut? E? Where do they live? B. Enesu apartment wost Nnewu yeminorut. EA They live in the apartment. 7. A. Ante wendemoch aluh? AA? Do yo have brothers? B. Auo, ene hulet wendemoch aluegn. AEA Yes, I have two brothers. 8. A. Yachi mann nat? ? Who is that? B. Yachi yene mist / enat / bal Nat. That is my wife. 9. A. Esua lejoch aluat? EA? Does she have children? B. Auo, esua hulet wend lejoch aluat. AE Yes, she has two sons. 11. Compare your answers to the translation. Alula has a grandfather and a grandmother. They live with Alula and his family. Alula has no brothers. He has two sisters. They are students. Alula is married. His wife is a doctor. Alula and his wife have a daughter and a son

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Lesson 6
Ketema wost Around Town

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

This lesson will introduce you to: - Cardinal directions - Names of urban buildings and landmarks - How to ask and answer questions about locations of places and buildings.

1. Listen to and repeat the cardinal directions. North Northwest E SemainMe-erab West E Mierab Semain Northeast Semainmisrak

East mesrak Southeast Deboobmesrak

Southwest E Deboobmie rab

South deboob

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2. Listen to the following sentences and repeat after the speaker. Follow along in your workbook.

Aksum is north of Addis Ababa. Dem bi Dolo is west of Nazert. Moyale is south of Shashemene. Jijiga is east of Nekemet.

AAA aksum ke addis abeba bsemian neo E dembi dolo ke nazret be meirab neo moyale ke Shasemene be deboob neo jijiga ke nekemt be mesrak neo

3. a) Compose sentences according to the model. Check the answer key. Model: Debre Markos ke Gonder beste deboob neo. Moyale - south - Asela --A Mekele - north - Dese -- Dagahabur - east - Gore -- Dembi Dole - west - Nazret -E-

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b) Work with a partner. Tell each other where your homes are located.

4. Topographical features and urban buildings and landmarks are useful reference points when getting to know a new area or for getting or giving directions. Listen to a list of common sites and features. Repeat after the speaker while following along in the workbook. Airport Bank Building House Bus station Train station Police station Caf Restaurant Church/mosque/temple Movie theater Hospital Market Pharmacy Post office Store Park Factory Bridge Farm Field Forest Lake Mountain River Aroplan tabia Bank Hentsa Bait Bus fairmata Babur tabia Police tabia Buna bait Megeb bait Baite Christian/mesgide Cinima bait Hakim bait gebeia Medhanit bait Posta bait Suk Menafesha bota Fabrica Dildy Ersha Meda Chaka Hike Terara Wenz A / EE

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5. Match the English word in the left column with the Amharic equivalent in the right column. Check the answer key. 1. Airport 2. Bank 3. Bus Station 4. Caf 5. Church 6. Movie Theater 7. Factory 8. Hospital 9. Park 10. Pharmacy 11. Post Office 12. Restaurant A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. Fabrica / Hakim bait/ yaroplan marefia / Medhanit bait / Megeb bait / Menafesha/ Posta bait/ Bus fermata/ Bank/ Buna bait/ Cinema bait/ Baite christiain/

6. Read and translate the following sentences from Amharic into English. Check your work wit the answer key. 1. Gebeiaw ke bankew beste deboob neo. 1. 2. Wenzu ke terarau beste mesrak neo. 2. 3. Aroplan marefiew ke hotelu beste me-erab neo. 3.AE 4. Terarwochew ena hikwochew ke chakau beste mesrak neo. 4.E 5. Wenzu ke ershaw beste deboob neo. 5.E 6. cinema baitu ke hakim baitu beste merak neo. 6. 7. hiku ke menafeshau beste semain neo. 7.

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7. Compose sentences according to the model. Use the words below. See the answser key for some ideas. Model: Menafesha botau ke posta baitu beste mesrak neo. 1. Aroplan - beste mesrak A 2. Bank - beste deboob 3. medhanit bait - beste me-erab E 4. dildy - beste semain 5. Bus fairmata - beste mesrak 6. Fabrica - beste deboob 7. ersha - beste me-erab E E 8. menafesha bota - beste semain - hike - hakim bait - posta bait - wenz - police tabi - terara - maida - hike

8. Listen to the speaker and circle the term you hear. Check the answer key. 1. north 2. bank 3. train station 4. restaurant 5. post office 6. church 7. lake 8. building west park bus station caf pharmacy movie theater river bridge south bridge airport factory hospital factory farm mountain

9. Listen to the following words and word combinations and repeat after the speaker. Follow along in your workbook. Introduce the question Where is (the bank)? Translate the list in a column next to the English words. Where is the bank? Banku yet neo? ?

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The bank is in front of the post office. Banku ke posta baitu fitlefit neo. In front of Next to Between and Around the corner from Near Behind Up the street Down the street Around Fitlefit gonn mekakel korner ategeb jerba wedelie wedetach zuria A

10. Listen and repeat after the speaker. Follow along in your workbook. Translate into English. 1. Wenzu yet neo? Wenzu chaku ategeb neo. ? A 2. Gebeiau yet neo? Gebeiw police tabiau ena baite christianu mekakel neo. ? E 3. Posta baitu yet neo? Posta baitu hakim baitu ? A 4. Babour tabiau yet neo? Babour tabiau ke menafesha botau fitlefit neo. ? 5. Buna baitu yet neo? Buna baitu ke hotelu fitlefit neo. ?

11. Work with a partner. Compose similar dialogues using the words below. Role-play your dialogues. Model: ? E(A A()

A. B. A. B.

yekerta . menafesha botau yet neo? menafesha botau ke hakim baitu fitlefit neo. egthere yestelegn.(amesegenalew) abro yestelegn (chigger yelem)

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1. menafesha bota 2. aroplan A 3. chaka 4. police tabia 5. baite christian

- fitlefit - fitlefit - gonn - korner - mekakel

- hakim bait bus fairmata terara

- cinima bait - fabrica ena menafesha bota E

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Translate each phrase into Amharic. Check your work with the answer key. A. The restaurant is next to the hotel. B. The park is north of the lake. C. The bank is between the church and the bus station. D. The market is south of the bridge. E. The caf is in front of the bookstore. F. The field is in front of the farm.

2. Work with a partner or in small groups. In Amharic, come up with a list of the facilities on your base. Then draw a schematic map of the base. Now describe the locations of each facility. Use the following vocabulary: a store, a hospital, a police station, a movie theater, a park, a hotel, a church, an airfield, a restaurant, a forest, and your language training facility. Use prepositions: between, next to, across from, in front of.

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Vocabulary List
Where North South East West Mountain Lake River Forest Bridge Store Market Church/mosque/temple Restaurant Caf Park Bank Airport Train station Bus station Pharmacy Hospital Movie Theater Factory Farm Post office Field Police station In front of Next to Between Around the corner from Across from Yet Semain Deboob Mesrak Me-erab Terara Hike Wenz Chaka Dildy Suk Gebbia Baite Christian/mesgide Megeb bait Buna bait Menafesha bota Bank Aroplan marefia Babur tabia Bus fairmata Medhanit bait Hakim bait Cinema bait Fabrica bait Ersha Posta bait Maida Police tabia Fitlefit Gonn Mekakel Ke corner akababi teshagerh E A E A

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Answer Key
3. a) 1. Moyale ke Asela beste bebood neo. A 2.Mekele ke Dese beste semain neo. 3.Dagahbur ke Gore beste mesrak neo. L 4.Dembi dole ke Nazret beste me-erab neo. E 5. 1. C 2. I 3. H 4. J 5. L 6. K 7. A 8. B 9. F 10. D 11. G 12. E 6. 1. The market is south of the bank 2. The river is east of the mountains. 3. The airport is west of the hotel. 4. The mountains and lakes are east of the forest. 5. The river is south of the farm. 6. The movie theater is east of the hospital. 7. The lake is north of the park. 7. 1. Airport - east of - lake A Aroplan marefiau ke wenzu beste mesrak neo. A

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2. Bank - south of - hospital Banku ke hakim baitu beste deboob neo. 3. Pharmacy - west of - post office E Medahnit baitu ke posta baitu beste me-erab neo. E 4. Bridge - north of - river Dildeu ke wenzu beste semain neo. 5. Bus station - east of - police station A autobus fairmatau ke police tabiau beste mesrak neo.A 6. Factory - south of - mountain Fabricau ke terarau beste deboob neo. 7. Farm - west of - field E E Ershau ke maidu beste me-erab neo. EE 8. Park - north of - lake Menafesha botau ke wenzu beste semain neo. 8. 1. north 2. bridge 3. bus station 4. caf 5. post office 6. church 7. farm 8. mountain E Semain Deldey Bus fairmata Buna bait Posta bait Baite Christian Ersha terara

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10. 1. Wenzu yet neo? Wenzu chaku ategeb neo. Where is the river? The river is near the forest. ? A 2. Gebeiau yet neo? Gebeiw police tabiau ena baite christianu mekakel neo. Where is the markert? The market is between the police station and the church. ? E 3. Posta baitu yet neo? Posta baitu hakim baitu ategb neo Where is the post office? The post office is near the hospital ? A 4. Babour tabiau yet neo? Babour tabiau ke menafesha botau fitlefit neo. Where is the train station? The train station is in front of the park. ? 5. Buna baitu yet neo? Buna baitu ke hotelu fitlefit neo. Where is the bar? The bar is across from the hotel. ? End of Lesson Tasks 1. A. The restaurant is next to the hotel. megeb baitu ke hotel ategb neo. A B. The park is north of the lake. menafeshaw ke hike buste semain neo C. The bank is between the church and the bus station. banku ke baite chrestian ena ke auto boos fermata mekakel neo EA D. The market is south of the bridge. gebeyaw ke dildeu beste debbob neo E. The caf is in front of the bookstore. buna baitu ke metshehaft baitu fiflefit neo

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F. The field is in front of the farm. maidaw ke erhsaw fitlefit neo E

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Lesson 7 Suk Shopping

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

This lesson will introduce you to: - Customs and practices accepted in the Ethiopian marketplaces - Names of foods and stores - How to make purchases in Ethiopian shops - The verbs to want, to buy, to pay, and to take - The modal verb can.

The monetary unit of Ethiopian currency is the Birr, currently with a value of around 8.60 to the US dollar, subject to change every day. Copper coins are circulated in the value of 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 cents; these are called cantimes. Currency notes are printed in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 50, 100 and 500 Birr. The exchange rate of Birr against foreign currencies has been controlled by the daily inter-bank foreign exchange market since October 24, 2001. The foreign exchange market intervention committee of the National Bank of Ethiopia monitors and controls the rate on daily basis. Only the National Bank of Ethiopia, its authorized agents and commercial banks can exchange foreign currency. Travel and tour agents, hotels and banks branches with permission may deal in the exchange.

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1. Listen to the following vocabulary and repeat after the speaker.

Banana mooz

Tomato timatim

Potato denech

Milk wetet

Butter kebe

Eggs enkulal E

Bread dabbo

Sugar sekuar

Ice cream ice cream A

Fish assa A

Chiken dorro

2. Work in pairs or in small groups. Ask your partner what foods he/she has at home. Use the model below. Model: A. bait menn belah (M) belash (F) belachehu (plural)? B. ene mooz timatim ena denech belau //? EE

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3. Familiarize yourself with the new vocabulary. Listen to the speaker and follow along in the workbook. Look at the pictures and try to guess the meaning of unknown words. If you need help, check the answer key.

Yehay grocery newu.

Selam grocery wost newu yemtseraw.Esua genzeb tekebay nat. E

Hirut grocery wost newu yemtserwu.Esua shach nat. E

Marta yelebs suk wost newu yemtserawu.Esua shach nat. E

Hailem yelebs suk newu yemiserawu.Esu cashier newu. E Note: In Amharic, to express too, we add -m at the end of the name or thing.

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In Ethiopia there are several different types of shops and markets. In the capital city, Addis Ababa, there are small shops (stores) which are similar to mini marts; also there are modern grocery stores which are called grocery and clothing stores called yelebse suk or boutique scattered all over the city. There are many small open markets, but there is a very large one in Addis Ababa called Merkato. Merkato is one of the biggest open markets in Africa. You can find everything at a reasonable price, including bulk food, clothing, construction material, textiles, car parts, spices, grain, etc. Also you can find large department stores set up in large warehouses in Merkato, selling clothing and jewelry; these warehouses are called adarash. There is yelebse adarash (a clothing department store). In Merkato you will find hundreds of vendors in the open air selling mostly fresh vegetables, grain and spices. The other shopping district in Addis is Piassa; this is located in the heart of the city and is much smaller, on one avenue. You can find jewelry, clothing and high-end household items. The main difference between stores in Ethiopia and America is the fact that in Ethiopia, you can bargain, especially in open markets and in adarash. 4. Work in pairs or in small groups. Make up dialogues using the model below. Model: A. alemu yet newu yemiserawu? A? B. Alemu grocery wost newu yemiserawu. A There are two ways of constructing the verb and the infinitive. I want to buy cloth. Ene lebse megzat felgalewu or a short way, or common way: lebse megzat felgalewu. It is not necessary to use ene. Translate the following sentences in Amharic. Check your work with the answer key. I want to buy one liter of milk. You want to buy two kilos of beef. He wants to buy three kilos of coffee. She wants to buy a dozen eggs. We want to buy ten rolls of bread. They want to buy fish. You want to buy four kilos of potatoes. (plural)

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5. Familiarize yourself with the new vocabulary. Listen to the speaker and follow along in the workbook. Look at the pictures and try to guess the meaning of unknown words.

Woyni metsehaf megzat tefelgalech.esua metseahft bait nat. E

Yohannes yetrebeza seit megzat yefelgal.Esu Suk newu. AE Note.gift stores are just called stores.

6. Match each Amharic sentence in the left column with the English equivalent in the right column. Check the answer key. 1. Ene dabbo ena kebbe megzat felgalewu EE 2. Neggash metsehaf yefelegal. 3. Sirak assa megzat yefelegal. A 4. Solomon yeterebeza seit megzat yefelegal. A 5. Egna sitota megzat enfelgalen. EE 6. Enesu ayeb megzat yefelegalu EA 7. Yene ehit lebse megzat tefelegalech E A. Sirak wants to buy fish.

B. They want to buy cheese.

C. I want to buy bread and butter.

D. My sister wants to buy the clothes.

E. Solomon wants to buy a clock.

F. Neggash wants to buy a book.

G. We want to buy a gift.

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The way of buying groceries in Ethiopia is mainly by the kilo, the liter and the dozen. When buying bread, its by the quantity of rolls. Prices are mostly fixed in modern grocery stores, but one can bargain prices when buying in an open market. A E

A pound/kilo of apples A box of cereal A bag of potatoes A roll of bread A bottle of water A liter of milk A dozen eggs

Kilo pomme Carton cereal joneya dench Aned dabbo Termus weha Liter wetet Derzen enkulal

A bag of potatoes - in Amharic a bag is usually very large and contains about 50 to 100 kilos. It is called joneya and used for bulk. When buying potatoes, kilos are used. Pears are not known in Ethiopia. An apple is called pomme. The use of too: I want a banana too. Ene bananam felegalew.

7. Work with a partner or in small groups. Pretend that you are planning to have a surprise birthday party for one of your classmates. You need to buy some food and gifts. Make a shopping list and tell your partner in Amharic what you want to buy.

How much is it? Cent neo? How much is two kilos of sugar? hulet kilo sekuar cent neo? You can just say how much? cent neo? To bargain and say its too much one can say wedde neo. Asking for a discount, one can say kensh. The salesperson will usually say kenash yelem, no discount. When buying something its good to compare prices at different stores and get the best price. Also its always good to ask or go with an Ethiopian for information on prices and stores to go. In Ethiopia people are very polite and helpful to foreigners, but its always advisable to shop around for bargains, since there is an assumption that foreigners have a lot of money.

8. Listen to the following dialogue and repeat after the speaker. A. Excuse me. I want to buy cheese. How much is it? Yekerta ,ayeb megzat felegalew. A A kilo of cheese is 5.40. Kilo ayeb amest birr ke arba cantim newu. AAA

B.

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A.

Thank you. Egzer yestelegn E You are welcome. Abro yestelegn A

B.

9. Pretend you want to buy the items listed below. One of your classmates is a salesperson. Role-play an In the Shop dialogue, using the dialogue above as a model. Work in pairs or in small groups. 1. killo pomme - 3.45 2. kilo assa 8.15 A 3. kilo denech - 1.59 4. termuse weha - 1.19 5. carton wetet - 4.50 6. 12 dabbo - 2.65 12 7. derzon enkulal - 2.48 :E

10. Complete the sentences using the words in the box. Check your answers with the answer key. Yelebs suk grocery metsehaf bait suk adarash A

1. Welagoche setota ______________________newu yemigezut.. __________

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2. Enesu timatim ena denech __________________newu yemigezut. EE___________ 3. Yene wendem metshaf________________________newu yemigezaw. __________ 4. Yene ehet ena ene lebse ___________________newu yemengezaw EEE_________ 5. Egna lebse , metshaf ena setota, _____________ megzat enchelalen. EE_________E

11. Listen to and translate the following sentences. Check your work with the answer key. 1. ene metsehaf metsehafe bait newu yemegezaw E 2. yene ehit setota suk newu yemetgezaw E 3. yene enat sekuar ke grocery ke bank fitlefit newu yemetgezaw E 4. yene ayatoch wetet ena kebe ke grocery newu yemigezut AE 5. engna lebse,metsehaf ena setota adarash newu yemengezaw EEA

Study the modal verb can The verb can -yechalal I can read. Ene manbeb chilalewu. EE He can read. Ante manbeb techilaleh A She can read. Esua manbeb techilalech E We can read. Engna manbeb enchilalen. EE You can read. Enante manbeb techilalachwe. E They can read. Enesu manbeb yechilalu. E

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I can You can He can She can We can You can They can

Ene echilalewu Ante(M) .techilaleh /anchi (F)techiyalesh Esu.yechilal Esua.techilalech Engnaenchilalen Enante.techilalachewu Enesu.yechilalu

EE A E E E..E E E

The verb to take - meused I can take a taxi. Ene taxi meused echilalewu. OR taxi meused echilalewu. You can take a taxi. Ante(M) taxi meused techilaleh. OR taxi meused techilaleh. Anchi (F) taxi meused techilalech. OR taxi meused techilallech He can take a taxi. Esu taxi meused yechilal. OR taxi meused yechilal She can take a taxi. Esua taxi meused techilalech. OR taxi meused techilalech We can take a taxi. Engna taxi meused enchilalen. OR taxi meused enchilalen You can take a taxi. Enante taxi meused techilalachewu. OR taxi meused techilalachewu They can take a taxi. Enesu taxi meused yechilalu. OR taxi meused yechilalu.

12. a) Listen to the following dialogue and repeat after the speaker. Follow along in the workbook. A. Hello. I want to buy a loaf of bread. How much is it? Selam, dabbo megzat efelegalew, cent newu? ? B. It is 2.65. Hulet birr ke selsa amest cantim newu. A A. Can I pay with a credit card? Be credit card mekfel echilalewu? E?

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B. Im sorry, but we take cash. Yekerta, genzeb enwesdalen E b) Role-play the dialogue. Make up similar dialogues using the words below. 1. hulet termus weha 2. metshehaf 3. carton wetet 4. kilo ayeba A 5. derzon enkulal E

13. Read the dialogue and answer the follow-up questions. Check your work with the answer key. samuel: selam, Misrak misrak: selam, samuel! Samuel: yet tehaygalesh? ? Misrak: ene grocery ehaydalew E samuel: menn megzat tefelegaleh? ? Misrak: ene baddo , hulet termus weha, kilo pomme megzat felegalew. Yet teheadaleh? E?

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samuel: ene adarash eheadalewu EAE misrak: menn megzt neo yemetfelegewu? ? samuel: ene le wend ayat setota megzat felegalew. Ene yeterbeza seit weynem metshehaf megzat felegalewu. EAEA Misrak: ene setota suk newu yemgeza. E samuel: metsehaft bait bu credit card mekfel alechilem.. enesu genzeb yewsdalu.. AE Questions: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Where is Samuel going? What does he/she want to buy? Where is Misrak going? What does he/she want to buy? Can he/she pay with a credit card at the bookstore?

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Translate the following into Amharic. Check your work with the answer key. A. B. C. D. Where do you buy tomatoes and potatoes? Do you take credit cards? No, we take cash. I buy the gift for my sister in the clothing store. How much is a loaf of bread? - 2.35

2. In Amharic, tell where you buy groceries/ gifts/ books/ clothes.

3. What would you tell a salesperson in Amharic if you want to buy a carton of milk/ a watch/ a dozen eggs? How would you ask the price of it? Role-play the dialogue.

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Vocabulary List
How much ? Its .. . I want to buy Banana Butter Chicken Fish Ice cream Milk Tomato Potato Sugar Cereal Cheese Eggs A pound/kilo of cheese A bag of potatoes A loaf of bread A bottle of water A dozen eggs A box of cereal A carton of milk Department store Clothing store Grocery store Bookstore Bread Credit card Cash Cashier Salesperson To buy To take To pay/pay for Too Can I pay with a credit card? Im sorry, but we take cash. Cent newu? ..newu Ene .megzat felgalewu Mooze Kebe Doro Asa Ice cream Wetet Timatim Dinech Sekuar cereal Ayeb Enkulal Kilo ayeb Joneya denich dabbo Termus weha Derzon enkulal Karton cereal Karton wetet Suk adarash Yelebse suk Grocery (super market) Metshaft bait Dabbo Credit card Genzeb (cash) Genzeb tekeby shach Megzat Mewsed Mekfel -m Be credit card mekfel yechalal Yekerta, genzeb enwesdalen . E. A A A E A E A E

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Answer Key
3.

This is a grocery store.

Selam works at the grocery store. She is a cashier.

Hirut works at the grocery store. He is a salesperson.

Marta works at the clothing store. She is a salesperson. 4.

Hailem works at the clothing store. He is a cashier.

Model: A. Where does Alemu work? B. Alemu works at the grocery store Model: A. Alemu yet newu yemiserawu? A? B. Alemu grocery wost newu yemiserawu. A

I want to buy one liter of milk. Ene aned liter wetet megzat felgalewu. OR aned liter wetet megzat felgalewu EAA

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You want to buy two kilos of beef. Ante (M) anchi (F) hulet kilo cigga megzat tefelgaleh (M) tefeligalesh (F)? OR A/A/? hulet kilo cigga tefelgaleh(M) tefeligalsh(F) T He wants to buy three kilos of coffee. Esu sost kilo buna megzat yefelegal OR Sost kilo buna yefelgal E/ She wants to buy a dozen eggs. Esua derzon enkulal megzat tefelgalech OR Derzon enkulak megzat tefelgalech EE/E We want to buy ten rolls of bread. Engna aser dabbo megzat enfelgalen OR Aser dabbo megzat enfelgalen. EAE/AE They want to buy fish. Enesu assa megzat yefelgalu OR Assa megzat yefelgalu A You want to buy four kilos of potatoes. (plural) Enante arat kilo denech megzat tefelgalachehu OR Arat kilo denech megzat tefelgalachewu EA/A 6. 1. ene dabbo ena kebbe megzat felgalewu EE 2. Neggash metsehaf yefelegal. 3. Sirak assa megzat yefelegal. A 4. Solomon yeterebeza seit megzat yefelegal. A 5. egna sitota megzat enfelgalen. EE 6. enesu ayeb megzat yefelegalu EA 7. yene ehit lebse megzat tefelegalech E A. Sirak wants to buy fish. 3 B. They want to buy cheese. 6 C. I want to buy bread and butter. 1 D. My sister wants to buy the clothes.7 E. Solomon wants to buy a clock.4 F. Neggash wants to buy a book.2 G. We want to buy a gift.5

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10. 1. welagoche setota suk newu yemigezut.. 2. enesu timatim ena denech grocery newu yemigezut. EE 3. yene wendem metshaf metsehaf bait newu yemigezaw. 4. yene ehet ena ene lebse yelebse suk newu yemengezaw EEE 5. egna lebse , metshaf ena setota, adarash megzat enchelalen. EEA E

1. My parents buy gifts at the gift store. 2. They buy tomatoes and potatoes at the grocery store. 3. My brother buys books at the bookstore. 4. My sister and I buy clothes at the clothing store. 5. We can buy clothes, books and gifts at the department store. 11. 1. I buy books in the bookstore. 2. My sister buys gifts at the gift store . 3. My mother buys sugar at the grocery store across from the bank. 4. My grandparents buy milk and butter at the grocery store. 5. We buy clothes, books, and gifts at the department store. 13. Compare your answers to the translation. Samuel : Misrak: Samuel: Misrak: Samuel: Misrak: Samuel: Hello, Misrak! Hello, Samuel! Where are you going? I am going to the grocery store. What do you want to buy? I want to buy bread, two bottles of water, and a pound of pears. Where are you going? I am going to the department store.

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Misrak: Samuel: Misrak: Samuel:

What do you want to buy? I want to buy a gift for my grandfather. I want to buy a book or a clock. I buy gifts at the gift store. At a bookstore I cant pay with a credit card. They take cash.

End of Lesson Tasks 1. E. Timatim ena denech yet neo yemegezae? E? F. Credit card tewesdalachew? I genzed enwesdalen ? AE G. Ene stoat le ehet yelebse suk gezalew. EE H. Aned dabbo cent neo? hulet birr ke selasa amest cantim neo. A A

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Lesson 8 Megeb Bait Eating Out

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

This lesson will introduce you to: - Eating out in a restaurant in Ethiopia - Various menu items - How to order menu items - Different table service items.

The national food of Ethiopia is Injera with wot. Injera is spongy flat bread usually prepared from teff, wheat, barley or millet. Teff is an Ethiopian grain rich in iron and other minerals; it can be found in health food stores in the US. Injera is eaten with wot, which is a spicy sauce made from an onion and pepper base and other various spices. Wot can be made mild or hot, using different meats such as beef, lamb or chicken, and vegetables. The injera is used to scoop wot in small portions to be eaten by hand. Before a meal one washes ones hands, and also after a meal, it is a tradition for a domestic servant to offer the guests water and soap to wash their hands. It could be hard for the first time to eat with your fingers, but asking for utensils may be considered impolite. Also, one should avoid licking ones fingers; there are washcloths and napkins available.

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1. Look at the restaurant menu below. Repeat the words after the speaker, and follow along in the workbook. Small World Restaurant Soup Salad Hamburger Fried potatoes Pasta Beef Chicken Fish Ice Cream Cake (a piece) Orange juice (a glass) Apple juice (a glass) Coffee (a cup) Milk (a glass) Tea Beer (a glass) Wine (a bottle) shorba Selata humberger denech tibs pasta cigga doro assa ice cream cake bertukan juice pomme juice buna wetet shy berchiko bira termuse vino A A 3.00 birr 4.00 birr 5.00 birr 3.50 birr 6.00 birr 8.00 birr 7.00 birr 6.50 birr 2.50 birr 3.99 birr 2.33 birr 2.30 birr 2.50 birr 2.05 birr 1.25 birr 4.50 birr 15.10 birr

2. Imagine that you have 35 birr. What would you order at the Small World Restaurant? 3. Read the following dialogue between a waiter and a patron. Make up similar dialogues using the words and word combinations that are in the box. A. yekerta yene ehit(F) wendem(M) E/ B. abet min letazez A A. cini buan efelegalew E B. yekerta gashe, buna yelenem genn shy alen A

A. Excuse me, waiter. B. Yes, please. A. I want a cup of coffee. B. Sorry, sir. We do not have coffee, but we have tea. 124

1. cini buna shy -- 2. bercheko wetet shy/buna --/ 3. bercheko burtukan juice pomme juice --- 4. assa ena pasta doro ena denech tibs A----E

4. Listen to the following dialogue that takes place at a restaurant. Follow along in your workbook. Pay attention to the new words. Role-play the dialogue. You can substitute the highlighted words with any food from the Small World Restaurant menu. A. Hello, sir. What do you want to eat? Selam gashe. Menne yemta? ? B. What do you recommend? True menn ale? A? A. We have wonderful fried chicken and pasta. They are delicious. Betam true doro tibs ena pasta alen. Betam yetafital. A B. Very well. Fried chicken and pasta, please. Betam true.dorro tibs ena pasta bakehn. E A. What do you want to drink? Menn metetat tefelegaleh? ? B. A cup of tea with sugar and lemon. Cini shy bu sekuar ena lommi. E A. Any dessert? Tafach negger? ? B. Yes, I want a piece of cheesecake. Oewo, ene cheesecake efelegalewu. AE 125

A. Here is your bill, sir. Hisab yehayew, gashe. B. Can I pay with a credit card? Be credit card mekfel yechalal. ? A. Yes, you can. Oewo yechalal A Study the present and past tenses of the verb drink. Present tense E Past Tense

I drink You drink He drinks We drink You drink They drink

Tetaleu Tetetaleh Yetetal Entetalen Tetetalachew yetetalu

I drank You drank He drank We drank You drank They drank

Tetau Tetetual tetetual Tetan Tetachew tetu

5. Using the restaurant menu above, tell your classmates in Amharic what you ate and drank at a restaurant the last time you were there. Model: yalefewu ehude megeb bait belah. I ate fried potatoes, chicken, and a salad. I drank tea. E

6. Translate the following dialogue. Check your work with the answer key. E? yalefew ehud yet neberk? E Ene yalefewu ehud megeb bait neberku A? ante ke wendem garr neberk? AEE Oewo ene ena yene wendem eza neberen. E? esu menne bela?

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EAE Esu pasta ena assa beltual E? esu menne teta? E Esu shy teta. A? ante menne belah? EE Ene dorro ena denech tibs belawu A? ante menne tetah? E Ene buna tetau

7. Below are some table service items. Listen and repeat after the speaker.

Plate sehan

Bowl Godguada sehan

Cup cini

Glass berchiko

Knife billa

Fork shuka

Spoon mankia

Napkin napkin

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8. Match the English words in the left column with the Amharic equivalents in the right column. Check the answer key. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Plate Bowl Cup Glass Knife Fork Spoon Napkin A. mankia/ B. bercheko/ C. billa/ D. shuka/ E. godguada dehan/ F. sehan/ G. Napkin/ H. Cini/

9. Listen to the following model. Repeat after the speaker. Compose similar sentences using the words below. Model: A. mankia yelegnem. Mankia magnet echilalewu? E? B. Oewo ,yehewu A 1. napkin 2. cini 3. shukia 4. billa 5. berchiko

10. Listen to the speaker and circle the words you hear. Check your answers with the answer key. 1. I want a glass of milk / juice. 2. We drank orange juice / apple juice at a restaurant. 3. Did you eat salad / pasta? 4. They ate fried potatoes and chicken / fish. 5. She had soup, salad and fish / meat. 6. Can I have a knife / fork? 7. He does not have a glass / plate.

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Tell in Amharic what you usually eat and drink for breakfast / lunch / dinner.

2. Tell in Amharic what you ate and drank at a restaurant the last time you were there.

3. Pretend that you are at a restaurant now. What would you say in Amharic if you want to eat salad and fried potatoes? You also want a cup of coffee, and you need a fork and a napkin. What would you say in Amharic if you do not know what to choose? Your classmate is a waiter. Role-play the dialogue. Work in pairs or in small groups.

4. Read and translate the following text then answer the following questions. Check your work with the answer key. AEE A EAEA EEEE EE AE EEA A yalefew areb ke sera behula , ene ena yene wendem ke welagoche garr small world megeb bait hayeden.tenish megeb bait ke bank fitlefit neo. astenagaju dorro tibs,selata, ena pasta ametalen.yene wendem cigga ena denech bela; esu shy bu sekuar ena bu lommi teta.yene enat shorba ena humberger belach. Esua pomme juice tetach.tafach negger ye enjori cake belach.yene abat cigga,denech tibs ena timatim bela tafach negger cheesecake bela buna teta.ene dorro ena selata belau.yetafet neber. Bu credit card lekefel nebber genn abate bu genzeb kefele. Grume meshet asalefen. 1. When did the family go to the restaurant? 2. Where is the restaurant? 3. What did the waiter recommend? 4. What did my brother eat? 5. What did he drink? 6. Did my mother eat soup and hamburgers? 7. Did she drink orange or apple juice?

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8. Did she eat a piece of cheesecake for dessert? 9. What did my father eat? 10. Did he drink wine? 11. Did my father pay with a credit card? 12. Was it a wonderful evening?

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Vocabulary List
Apple juice Bowl Cheesecake Coffee Cup Fork Fried Glass Knife Napkin Orange juice Piece Plate Please Salad Soup Spoon Tea Beef Hamburger Here you are To drink / drank To eat /ate Recommend Wonderful Delicious Very well Lemon Dessert Bill Wine Beer Pomme juice Godguada sehane Cheesecake Buna Cini Shuka Tibs Bircheko Billa Napkin Burtukan juice * sehan Ebakot Selata Shoreba Mankiya Shy Cigga Humberger Yehew Metetat/ teta Mebat/bella * Betam teru Yetafetal Betam teru Lommi Tafach Hisab Vino birra E / /

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Answer Key
6. Where did you eat last Sunday? I ate at a restaurant. Did you eat alone? No, my brother was with me. What did he eat? He ate pasta and fish. What did he drink? He drank tea. What did you eat? I ate chicken and fried potatoes. What did you drink? I drank coffee. 8. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. F E H B C D A G

10. 1. ene bercheko wetet felegalewu I want a glass of milk. EE 2. engna megeb bait bertukan juice tetan We drank orange juice in a resturant E 3. ante pasta belah? Did you eat pasta? A? 4. enesu denech tibs ena doro belu? They ate fried potatoes and chicken. EE?

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5. esua shorba ena selata ena ciga belach. She ate soup, salad and meat. EEE 6. billa magnet echilalewu? Can I have a knife? E 7. esu bercheko yelewem He does not have a glass. E

End of Lesson Tasks 4. Compare your answers with the translation. Last Friday after work, my brother, our parents and I went to the restaurant Small World. Its a small restaurant across from the bank. A waiter recommended us to have fried chicken, salad, and pasta. My brother ate beef and potatoes; he drank tea with sugar and lemon. My mother ate soup and a hamburger. She drank apple juice. For dessert she had a piece of strawberry cake. My father ate beef, fried potatoes, and tomatoes. He ate a piece of cheesecake for dessert and drank coffee. I ate chicken and salad. It was delicious! I wanted to pay with a credit card, but my father paid cash. We had a wonderful evening.

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Lesson 9 VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007 Biell ena bahill A Holidays, Customs, and Cultural Traditions
This lesson will introduce you to: - How to read dates - How to use ordinal numbers - Names of the months - Holidays, customs, and cultural traditions of Ethiopia.

The Julian calendar was discarded by the Europeans 400 years ago, but Ethiopia still uses it. The Julian calendar divides the year into 12 month of 30 days each, with the remaining five (or six in a leap year) constituting the short 13th month of Pagume. In Greek, pagume means additional. The Ethiopian New Year starts on the 11th or 12th of September every year. Other than New Year, most Ethiopian celebrations are Christian or Muslim religious events. Kiddus Yohannes, New Year's Day, comes on September 11, which coincides with the end of the season of heavy rains and the beginning of spring. On New Year's Eve, people gather around neighborhood bonfires before visiting friends and relatives to offer them New Year's greetings. On New Year's Day people dress in new clothes and celebrate with feasts, visits and games such as gugs. Important Christian holidays include Meskal, Christmas, Timket and Easter. Timket, which marks Christ's baptism, is the most colorful event of the year. On Timket eve, priests dressed in elaborate robes parade each church's tabot to a body of water. There people hold a nighttime vigil; the priests then bless the water and anoint the faithful. Singing and dancing, crowds parade the tabots back to their churches. Tabot is a holy writing or symbol of religion (shrine) wich people use to worship during an important Christian holiday. In September, the two-day feast of Meskal marks the finding of the True Cross. Each town builds an enormous bonfire and a cross decorated with flowers. After dark, the townspeople encircle the fire three times, singing Meskal hymns. During the day, horsemen parade through the streets wearing lion's-mane or baboon-skin headdresses and carrying shields and spears. Muslim holidays are based on the lunar calendar and thus fall at different times each year. The ninth month of the Muslim calendar is devoted to Ramadan, which is marked by fasting. The greatest Muslim feast of the year is 'Id Al Fatr, which celebrates the end of Ramadan. The 'Id al Adha is the feast marking Abraham's sacrifice. On these days, after praying and listening to the imam (religious leader) preach, Muslim Ethiopians sacrifice animals and distribute part of the meat to the poor. Wearing new clothes, they visit

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friends and relatives as well as family graves. Horse races are also traditional on these days. Muslims also celebrate the Prophet Mohammed's birthday on September 20 and mark the anniversaries of numerous martyrs. Since the Ethiopian calendar and European or American calendar are not the same, it is always good to mention which calendar one is using in order to avoid confusion. In professional settings, most Ethiopians who deal with foreigners do not use the local calendar, but it is used in schools and many government institutions.

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1. Listen and repeat after the speaker. Follow along in the workbook. 1 one the first 2 two the second 3 three the third 4 four the fourth 5 five the fifth 6 six the sixth 7 seven the seventh 8 eight the eighth 9 nine the ninth 10 ten the tenth Aned Bu aned Hulet Bu hulet Sost Bu Sost Arat bu Arat Amest bu Amest Sedest bu Sedest Sebat Bu Sebat Sement Bu Semen Zeten Bu zeten Aser Bu aser A A A A A A A A

2. Fill in the blanks to complete the sentences. Use the words located in the box. Check your work with the answer key. A amestnya sosteneya huletenay A anedneya sebateneya A aratenay sedestenya

1. segno yesamentu_________ ken newu. 1. 2. maksegno yesamentu_________ ken newu. 2. 3. erob yesamentu _________ ken newu. 3.E 4. hamus yesamentu_________ken newu. 4.

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5. arb yesamentu ________ ken newu. 5.A 6. kedame yeamnetu ______ ken newu. 6. 7. ehud yesamentu ______ken newu. E___

3. Listen and repeat after the speaker the ordinal numbers 11 through 20. Follow along in the workbook. 11 eleven the eleventh 12 twelve the twelfth 13 thirteen the thirteenth 14 fourteen the fourteenth 15 fifteen the fifteenth 16 sixteen the sixteenth 17 seventeen the seventeenth 18 eighteen the eighteenth 19 nineteen the nineteenth 20 twenty the twentieth Asra aned Bu Asra aned Asra hulet Be Asra hulet Asra sost Be Asra sost Asra arat Be Asra arat Asra amest Be Asra amest Asra sedest Be Asra sedest Asra sebat Be asra sebat Asra sement Be asra sement Asra zetegn Be asra zetegn Haya Be hay AA AA A A A A AA AA AA AA A A A A A A A A

4. Practice saying the following ordinal numbers in Amharic. 11th, 13th, 15th, 17th, 19th, 12th, 14th, 16th, 18th, 20th.

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5. Listen and repeat after the speaker the ordinal numbers 21-30. 21 twenty-one the twenty-first 22 twenty-two the twenty-second 23 twenty-three the twenty-third 24 twenty-four the twenty-fourth 25 twenty-five the twenty-fifth 26 twenty-six the twenty-sixth 27 twenty-seven the twenty-seventh 28 twenty-eight the twenty-eighth 29 twenty-nine the twenty-ninth 30 thirty the thirtieth Haya aned Be haya aned Haya hulet Be haya hulet Haya sost Be haya sost Haya arat Be haya arat Haya amest Be haya amest Haya sedest Be haya sedest Haya sebat Bu haya sebat Haya sement Bu haya sement Haya zeten Bu haya zeten Selasa Bu selasa A A A A A A

6. Listen to the names of the months and repeat after the speaker. Ethiopian Months Begin in. meskerem tikimit hidar tahesas tir yekatit megabit miyazia ginbot sene hamle nehase pagume

September October November December January February March April May June July August September (the additional month

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7. Look at the picture and say the dates and days of the week in Amharic. Model: Today is the 23rd of May, 2001. It is Tuesday. A Zare kenu haya sost tir hulet shi aned newu. segno newu.

8. Note the following names and dates of Amharic holidays. 1. Christmas the 7th of January in the European calendar 2. Timkit the 19th of January in the European calendar 3. New Year the 11th of September in the European calendar

The word thousand is shih, pronounced as she. The construction is the same as in English. One thousand - aned she A Two thousand - hulet she Three thousand-sost she Four thousand-arat she A Five thousand amest she A Six thousand-sedest she Seven thousand-sebat she Eight thousand-sement she Nine thousand-zetegn she Ten thousand-aser she A

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9. Listen as the speaker reads the following years. Repeat after the speaker. When saying the year (1900) nineteen hundred/ asra zetegn meto/ A AA Asra zetegn meto haya amest A Asra zetgn meto A Hulet she arat

1925-nineteen twenty-five 1900-nineteen hundred 2004-two thousand four

10. Read the following years in Amharic 2001, 1987, 1960, 1945, 2000, 1700, 1516

In Amharic the date is first, then the month, then the year. (dd/ mm/yyyy)

11. Listen as the speakers tell about their dates of birth. Follow along in the workbook. 1. When were you born? I was born on the 11th of June, 1936. ? EAAA Meche newu yetweledkewu? Ene yetweledkut be asra Aned yekatit asra zetegn Meto selasa sedest newu. 2. When were you born? I was born on the 31st of July, 1960. ? EAA Meche new yetweledkewu? ene yetweledkut bu selasa aned megabit asra zetegn meto selsa newu.

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3. When were you born? I was born on the 23rd of January, 1987. ? E A Meche newu yetweledshwu? ene yetweledkut be haya sost meskerem asra zetegn meto Semania sebat newu.

12. Work in pairs or in small groups. Ask your partner when he was born. Use the model below. Model: A. I was born on the 15th of February, 1982. When were you born? EAAAA/ A/ Ene yetweledkut be asra amest tikimt asra zetegn meto semania hulet newu. anchi(F) ante (M) meche newu yeteweledkewu(M) yeteweldshewu(F)? B. I was born on the 4th of September, 1979. EAA Ene yetweledkut be arat meskerem asra zetgn meto seba zetegn newu

13. Look at the picture below and imagine that this is your family. Describe each member. Use the model below. You can use real pictures of your family. Model: This is my brother. His name is He is years old. He was born on the of, 19 Yehay yene wendem newu. yesu sem newu. esu.ametu newu. esu yetewledew be.. 19newu. .EAE19

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14. Read and translate the following text into English. Answer the questions below. Check your work with the Answer Key. Seme Mesfin neo. Ene ke etiopia negn.ene yemenorew Addis Abeba newu. Telek baiteseb alegn. Mist, hulet legoch ena yene welagoch. Telek bait wost newu yemenenorewu. Yene mist selasa ametua newu. Yeteweledechew be 11/30/70 newu. Esua doctor nat hakim bait newu yemtserawu. Legoch temariwoch nachewu temhert bait yehaydalu. Yene sait lej be 26 mayazia 1992 newu yeteweledechewu .Yene wende lej sement ametu newu. Be 1 tikimt 1996 newu yeteweledewu yene enat argetalech seba sement ametua newu. Esua yeteweledechew be 22 hamle 1926 newu. Yene abta seba zetegn ametu newu. Yene abat yeteweledewu be haya amest nehase 1925 newo. Ensu ayserum, metshaf yanebalu television Yayalu woynem ke lejoch garr yechawetalu. Ene grum baitseb alegn. EIEAA AE A 11/30/70 E 26 1992 A 1 1992 AE 1 1996 AAA E22 1926 AA A 25 1925 EA EA

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1.? 1. YeMesfin baitseb yet newu yeminorut? 2.A? 2 .mistu cent ametua newu? 3.? 3 Mech newu yeteweledechewu? 4.? 4. Serawa menden newu? 5.? 5. yet newu yemetserawu? 6.A? 6. Mesfin cent lejoch alut? 7.A? 7. wend leju cent ametu newu?meche newu yeteweledew? 8.A? 8. Sait leju cent ametua newu? 9.? 9. meche newu yeteweledchewu? 10.AA? 10. yesait ayat cent ametachew newu? 11.? 11. mech newu yeteweldut? 12.AA? 12. yewend ayat cent ametachew newu? 13.? 13. meche newu yeteweledut? 14.A? 14. ayatoch menn yeseralu?

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Cultural note: Ethiopians usually do not celebrate their birthdays. Dates of birth are registered only in some urban areas, and many Ethiopians don't ask what day of the year they were born. However, in the capital, more and more people are celebrating their birthdays in Western style and receiving gifts. Weddings and funerals are very big and attended by several hundreds of people. It is not considered impolite to drop by someones house without notice, but in the capital, more and more people call and make arrangements before visiting someone. When visiting someone as a guest, its usually polite to bring something, but never to ask your guest to pick up something.

15. Listen to the following conversation between two people. Repeat after the speakers. Follow along in the workbook. A. 12 AA A. Selam Debebe. Be meskerem 12 hulet she amest yene serge newu Ante ena baitseb tegabzachehal. B. AA? B. amesegnaleu Debede. Cent seait? A. AA A. amest woynem amest tekul. B. A? B. adrash yet newu? A. A. ke merkato hotel fitlefit newu. B. ? B. be menn lemta? A. A. be mekina woynem be taxi B. ? B. menn lamta ? A. E A. menem egzair yestelegn..

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B. E: B. egzair yestelegn sele gebzaw

16. Work with a partner. Invite him/her to your house to celebrate a holiday. Give him/her directions on how to get to your house. Use the dialogue above as a model.

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Tell in Amharic the date when: you were born; you graduated from high school; you got married; your child was born; you enrolled in the service.

2. Give the names of Ethiopian holidays and tell when they are celebrated (in Amharic).

3. Invite your roommate to a Christmas party and give him/her directions on how to get there.

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Vocabulary List
The first The second The third The fourth The fifth The sixth The seventh The eighth The ninth The tenth The eleventh The twelfth The thirteenth The fourteenth The fifteenth The sixteenth The seventeenth The eighteenth The nineteenth The twentieth The twenty-first The twenty-second The twenty-third The twenty-fourth The twenty-fifth The twenty-sixth The twenty-seventh The twenty-eighth The twenty-ninth January February March April May June July August September October November Anedna Huletna Sostna Aratena Amestna Sedetna Sebatna Sementna Zetenena Aserna Asra anedna Asra huletna Asra sostna Asra aratna Asra amestna Asra sedestna Asra sebatna Asra sementna Asra zetenenaa Hayana Haya anedna Haya huletna Haya sostena Haya aratnya Haya amestna Haya sedestna Haya sebatena Haya sementena Haya zetenena meskerem Tikimit Hidar Tahesas Tir Yekatit Megabit Mayazia Gnbot Sene Hamele A A A A AA A A AA AA A A A A A A A

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December Was born To invite Invitation Address Drive Turn right/left Come over To visit Birthday Birthday party Wedding Funeral To bring I want to invite you

Nehase Yeteweledewu Megabez Gebezya Adrasha Mendat Wede keney/gerra Nu Megobengnt Ledit Ledit beal Serge Keber Mamtat Ene legabz

A / E A E

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Answer Key
2. 1. segno yesamentu__anedenya_____ ken neo. 1.A 2. maksegno yesamentu__huletenya______ ken neo. 2. 3. erob yesamentu _sostenay________ ken neo. 3.E 4. hamus yesamentu__aratenay_______ken neo. 4.A 5. arb yesamentu amestenya________ ken neo. 5.AA 6. kedame yeamnetu ___sedestenya___ ken neo. 6. 7. ehud yesamentu __sebatenya____ken neo. E

1. Monday is the first day of the week. 2. Tuesday is the second day of the week. 3. Wednesday is the third day of the week. 4. Thursday is the fourth day of the week. 5. Friday is the fifth day of the week. 6. Saturday is the sixth day of the week. 7. Sunday is the seventh day of the week. 14. Compare your answers with the translation. Did your understand the questions? 1. Where does the family live? 2. How old is the wife? 3. When was she born? 4. What is her occupation? 5. Where does she work? 6. How many children do they have? 7. How old is the son? When was he born? 8. How old is the daughter? 9. When was she born? 10. How old is the grandmother? 11. When was she born? 12. How old is the grandfather? 13. When was he born? 14. What do the grandparents do? My name is Mesfin. I am from Ethiopia. I live in Addis Ababa. I have a big family. I live with my wife, two children and my parents. We live in a big house. My wife is 30 years 149

old. She was born on 11/30/70. She is a doctor and works in a hospital. My children are students they go to school. My daughter was born on 26 April 1992. My son is eight years old. He was born on February 1 1996. My mother is old she is seventy eight years old. She was born on 22 June 1926. My father is seventy nine years old he was born on 25 July 1925. They do not work; they read books, watch television and play with the children. I have a wonderful family. 1. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 2. 30 3. November 23, 1970 4. Doctor 5. Hospital 6. 2 7. 8 years old, February 1, 1996 8. 12 years old 9. April 26, 1992 10. 78 11. June 22, 1926 12. 79 13. July 25, 1925 14. Read books, watch television, and play with the grandchildren

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Lesson 10 Bait wost Around the House


This lesson will introduce you to: - Basic vocabulary related to the home (types of rooms, furniture, etc.)

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

Most modern homes in Ethiopia have furniture and room settings similar to those in the West. However, in rural homes and even in cities, one can find authentic articles for the home (wood carved chairs and tables, hand-woven baskets for storage, animal hides for carpets and pottery for water, pots and pans).

The picture above shows a mesob, which is a woven basket table used for traditional lunch and dinner. The food is served on a large round tray. The top is removed when the tray arrives and it is kept on the side. The chairs and side tables are hand-carved wood and the chair cover is made of cowhide. The painting is also made on cowhide.

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1. Listen to the vocabulary below and repeat after the speaker. Bathroom Bedroom Dining room Door Floor Window Garage Roof Antenna Office Basement Yard Kitchen Living room One-story Two-story First floor Second floor Metatebia bait Megneta bait Megeb bait Berr Merate Meskot Garage Tarra Antennae Office (biro) Meder bait Gebi Cuchina (wet bait) Salon Aned fok Hulet fok Anedegna fok Huletegna fok A / / A A

2. Match the Amharic words in the left column with their English equivalents in the right column. Check the answer key. 1. metaebia bait 2. megneta bait 3. megeb bait 4. berr 5. merate 6. meskot 7. Garage 8. salon 9. Office O 10. meder bait 11. gebi/ 12. wet bait(cuchina) / A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H. I. J. K. L. Basement Yard Garage Living room Bathroom Kitchen Bedroom Door Dining room Floor Office Window

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3. Complete the following sentences by filling in the blanks from the list of words written in the box below. Check your work with the answer key. garage megneta bait antennae A gebi wet bait salon ena megeb bait E

1. _______________ A. 1. tarra lie _______________ ale. 2. OE __________________ A 2. office ena metatebia bait mekakel __________________ ale. 3. _________________ A 3. bait fitlefit _________________ ale 4. __________________________ 4. wet bait __________________________mekakel neo.

4. Draw a plan of your house and tell your partner in Amharic the types of rooms you have and where they are located. Work in pairs or in small groups.

5. Match the following questions with the correct answers. Check your work with the answer key. A B. C. D. E. F. G. Metatebia bait yet newu? ? Wet bait yet newu? ? Megnta bait yet newu? ? Enante megeb bait alachewu? EA? Enanta garage alachewu? EA? Enante cent megnta bait alachew? EA? Enante meder bait alachewu? EA? 1. Oewo tenish garage alen AA 2. Megnta bait salon ategeb newu A 3. Auo telek meder bait alen AA 4. Auo egna sost megnta bait alen AEA 5. Wet bait anedegna fok newu. A 6. Metatebia bait megnta bait ategeb newu. A 7. I egna megeb bait yelenem AE

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6. Pretend that you want to buy a house. Your classmate is a real estate agent. Make up a dialogue using the model below. Work in pairs or in small groups. In Amharic, cent means how many and how much. How many beds do you have? cent alga aleh? How much sugar do you want? cent sekuar? Or: cent mankia sekuar? How many teaspoons of sugar? Model: A. E ene ground plus one megzat efelegalewu. B. AA gebeyaw ategeb teru tenish bait ale. A. A? cent megnta bait alewu? B. AA aned megnta bait alewu. A. A? cent metatebia bait alewu? B. A gerume telek metatebia bait alewu. A. A? wet bait alewu? B. AA Oewo alewu.

7. Familiarize yourself with these terms for furniture and furnishings. Listen and repeat after the speaker.

genda or bagno /

alga A

metsehaf mederderia

wenber

kum saten

terebaiza

frige

mesabia

yeterbaiza mebrat

microwave

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radio

mentaf

yeka matebia

sofa

yelectric medega

silk

television

toaster

shint bait

8. Below is a chart with rooms you would find in a typical home. Under each room, list the furniture and furnishings (from the list above) that you would expect to find there. Some items will be used more than once. Wet bait Megeb bait salon Megneta bait Metatebia bait

9. Using the chart above, ask each other questions about the furniture in your rooms.

1.anet (M) anchi(F) wet bait menne aleh(M) alesh(F)? - ene wet bait wost yelectric medega ale. A/AA/A? EA 2. ante (M ) anchi (F) megeb bait menne aleh(M) alesh(F)? ene megeb bait wost terebaiza ale A/AA/A? EA

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10. Listen and read along as a speaker talks about his home, and then answer questions about the passage. EE AA AAEEAEAEA EAA EAEE EAAE EA EEE Yene sem Hagos Haile mariam newu. Ene ke mist ena ke hulet legoch garr Mekele newu yeminorewu. Yegna bait hulet fok alewu. Yene abat ke egna garr newu yeminorew. Yegna bait sost megneta bait alewu: aned le ene ena le mist , aned le hulet wend lejoch, ena aned le ene abat. Hulet megnta bait huletegna fok lie newu, ena aned megnta bait anedgna fok lie newu. engan hulet metatebia bait alen. Engna sefi wet bait ke yelectric medega , yeka matebia ena frige alen. Wet bait wost telek terebaiza megeb yemenbelabet ale. Engna Megeb bait yelenem . salon wost sofa ,terebaiza ,hulet wenber ena tenish television ale. Mata ke rat behula yene baiteseb ena ene television enayalen.

A. Where does the family live? B. How many people live in the house? C. Is the house one-story or two-story? D. How many bedrooms are there, and who sleeps in which bedroom? E. How many bedrooms are on the first floor? F. How many bathrooms are there in the house?

G. Where do they eat their meals? H. What does the family do in the evening after dinner?

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Listen to the speaker and circle the terms that you hear. Check your work with the answer key. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. bedroom lamp toilet sofa carpet chair first floor garage bathroom oven bathtub chair floor dresser second floor basement living room stove sink bed window radio one-story roof

2. You have a guest in your home. Give him/her answers, in Amharic, to the following questions. ? ? A? ? ? ? ? A? Metatebia bait yet newu? Wet bait yet newu? Cent megnta bait alachewu? Silk yet newu? Television miet echelalewu? Rat meche tebelalh? Meche tenesaleh teuat? Cent siat newu sera yemetehaydewu?

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Vocabulary List
Basement Bathroom Bathtub Bed Bedroom Bookcase Chair Closet Table Dining room Door Dresser Floor Garage Kitchen Lamp Living room Microwave oven One-story Oven Radio Carpet Second floor Sink Sofa/couch Stove Television Toaster Toilet Two-story Window Meder bait Metatebiya bait Bagno Alega Megneta bait Metsehaf mederderia Wenber Kume saten Terbaiza Megeb bait Berr Mesabia Merate Garage Cuchina (wet bait) Yeterbaiza mebrat Salon Mirowave Aned fok(ground plus one) Electric medega(yegas medega) Radio Mentaf Huletegna fok Yeka matebia Sofa Electiric megeg Television Toaster Shint bait Huletegna fok Meskot A A/ /

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Answer Key
2. 1. E 2. G 3. I 4. H 5. J 6. L 7. C 8. D 9. K 10. A 11. B 12. F 3. 1. _____A__________ A. 1. tarra lie ______antenna_________ ale. 2. OE ___ A 2. office ena metatebia bait mekakel ____megnta bait___ ale. 3. _________________ A 3. bait fitlefit _garage__________ ale 4. __E__ 4. wet bait __salon ena _megeb bait_______mekakel neo. 1. There is a/an __antenna_on the roof. 2. There is a _bedroom__between the office and the bathroom. 3. There is a __garage___ in front of the house. 4. There is a kitchen between _the living room and dining room____. 5. A=6 B=5 C=2 D=7 E=1 F=4 G=3 A Where is the bathroom? Metatebia bait yet neo? ? B. Where is the kitchen? Wet bait yet neo? ? C. Where is the bedroom?

1. Yes, we have a small garage. Auo tenish garage alen AA 2. The bedroom is next to the living room. Megnta bait salon ategeb neo A 3. Yes, we have a big basement. 159

Megnta bait yet neo? ? D. Do you have a dining room? Enante megeb bait alachew? EA? E. Do you have a garage? Enanta garage alachew? EA? F. How many bedrooms do you have? Enante cent megnta bait alachew? EA? G. Do you have a basement? Enante meder bait alachew? EA? 10.

Auo telek meder bait alen AA 4. We have three bedrooms. Auo egna sost megnta bait alen AEA 5. The kitchen is on the first floor. Wet bait anedegna fok neo. A 6. The bathroom is next to the bedroom. Metatebia bait megnta bait ategeb neo. A 7. No, we dont have a dining room. I egna megeb bait yelenem AE

My name is Hagos Haile Mariam. I live with my wife and two children in Mekele. We have a small two-story house. My father lives with us. The house has 3 bedrooms: one for my wife and I, one for our two sons, and one for my father. Two bedrooms are on the second floor, and one bedroom is on the first floor. We have two bathrooms. We have a large kitchen with a stove, oven, sink and refrigerator. In the kitchen there is a large table where we eat. We do not have a dining room. Our living room has a sofa, a table, two chairs, and a small television. In the evening after dinner, my family and I watch TV. A.Where does the family live? Mekele. B. How many people live in the house?Five. C. Is the house one story or two story? Two-story. D. How many bedrooms are there? Three. E. How many bedrooms are on the first floor? Who sleeps there? One, husband and wife. F. How many bathrooms are there in the house? Two. G. Where do they eat their meals? In the kitchen. H. What does the family do in the evening after dinner? Watch television. End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. 1. bathroom Metatebia biat 2. lamp Yeterebaiza mebrat 3. sink Yeka matebia 4. bed Alga 5. window Meskot 6. radio Radio 7. first floor Enegegna fok 8. roof tarra

A A

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Lesson 11 AE ye ayer huneta ena weket Weather and Seasons

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

This lesson will introduce you to: - Vocabulary related to weather, seasons, and climate - How to ask for and give temperatures - How to understand the weather report - How to discuss the weather and climate in Amharic.

1. Listen to the weather terms as they are read aloud. Repeat the weather terms after the speaker.

Rain/zenab

Sun/sehigh

Wind/nefas

Snow/burredo

Fog/chegag

Clouds/gumme

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2. Match the pictures with the correct weather term. Review the terms if you need help.

Nefas Sehigh Zenab Buredo

3. What do you hear? Circle the terms you hear spoken by the native speaker. Check the answer key. 1. rain sun fog snow clouds wind 2. rain sun fog snow clouds wind 3. rain sun fog snow clouds wind

4. Familiarize yourself with the following terms related to the weather. Pause the recording as many times as you need to. Repeat after the speaker. Temperature Fahrenheit/Celsius Weather Weather forecast Weather report Clear Overcast Windy Cold Low temperature Freezing Warm High temperature Hot Dry Sunny Rainy temperature Fahrenheit/Celsius ayear ye ayear tembia ye ayear zegeba nesuhe semi demena nefas kezkaza (berd)* zeketegna tempreture werch muket kefetegna temperature katelo derek sehigh zenab / A A A

*Ethiopia has only two seasons: rainy (kiremt) and warm (begga). The four season terms do not exist.

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The difference between kezkaza and berd: kezkaza mostly freezing; berd mostly cold or cool. It is a saying that Ethiopia has 13 months of sunshine. It is very pleasant all year round, with temperatures in Addis Ababa averaging around 20 degrees Celsius or 68 degrees Fahrenheit no matter what season it is. The rainy season (kiremt) is from mid-June to mid-September. There is also a bit of light rain in March and April. The warm season is called begga with an average temperature of 60 degrees F. Although Ethiopia is relatively close to the equator, the central plateau has a temperate climate and only in the east towards Red Sea, and in the west, near Sudan, does it get very hot. There are three ways of distinguishing the climate in Ethiopia: dega, the cold areas like the highlands which can be freezing, wayen adega is warm and cool areas, and kola is the very hot areas. The seasons are all the same in all the three areas of the country. Also, because the weather is always pleasant and predictable with only two seasons, most people do not discuss the weather unless it is unusually hot or cold, or the rainy season is late or early. The rainy season is very important since that is the time of harvest in Ethiopia.

5. Listen to the questions and responses about the weather. Repeat them after the speaker. - How is the weather in December? - Its cold and snowy. - How is the weather in April? - Its warm and clear. - How is the weather in July? - Its sunny and hot. - How is the weather in October? - Its windy and rainy. Ayearu indate newu be tahsas? Kezkaza ena buredo newu Ayearu indate newu be miazia? Muket ena nesuhe semy newu. Ayearu indate newu be hamle? Sehigh ena muket newu. Ayearu indate newu be tekimt? Nefas ena zenab newu AE? E AE? E AE? E AE? E

6. Read the following short dialogues on weather and match each one to a picture below. 1- zare ayearu indate newu? - damena ena zenab newu. AE? E 2- temperature cent newu? 22 degrees Celsius neu! betam muket ena nesuhe semi newu. ? 22 !E

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3- eza ayearu indate newu? - buredo ena werch newu. EAE? E

4- sehigh newu? - i, chegag ena kezkaza newu. ? AE

A #____________

B #_______________

C #_____________

D #_____________

7. Translate the dialogues below into Amharic. Check your work with the answer key. 1. How is the weather in May? Its sunny. 2. How is the weather in June? Its rainy. 3. How is the weather? Its very hot. 4. How is the weather? Its cold. 5. How is the weather? Its clear.

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8. Work with a partner. Put the given words into correct order so that you can ask a question and give an answer about the weather in different places. Check your work with the answer key. Model: bu/ Boston/ale/ tahsase/ zenab/buredo //A/// Student 1: Boston be tahsase zenab ale? A? Student 2: I , boston be tahsase buredo yelem A 1) Seattle/ muket/ bu/ ale/ sehigh/ hamle/auo/ale ///A///A/A 2) Addis Abeba/ale/bu/nefas/ena/hidar/berds/ I / ale /sehigh/ale AA/A///E///A/A//A 3) megbit/ bu/ muket/ ale/ auo/ / ale/ Portland ///A/A/A/

9. Listen to the speaker. Mark the statement that you hear. 1. A. A ayearu bu meskerm sehigh newu . B. AE ayeauru bu meskerm zenab ena muket newu C. AE ayearu bu meskerm chegage ena berd newu. A. ? 22 zare emperature menden newu? 22 degrees Celsius newu. B. ? 22 zare emperature meneden newu? 22 degrees Fahrenheit newu. C. ? 22 zare temperaturu menden newu? 22 degrees newu. A. ?AE begga kezkaza newu? I muket ena sehigh newu. B. A?AE begga zenab ale? I muket ena sehigh newu. C. A?AE begga nefas ale? I muket ena sehigh newu.

2.

3.

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4.

A. A? E ye negge ayear tembia menden newu? Demean ena berd newu. B. A? E ye nege ayear tembia menden newu? Demean ena berd newu. C. A? E ye negge ayear huneta menden newu? Sehigh ena berd newu. A. E? E begga muket ena zenab newu. Kiremt kezkaza ena buredo newu. B. E? E begga muket ena derek newu. Kiremt kezkaza ena buredo newu. C. E? E begga muket ena sehigh newu. Kiremt kezkaza ena beredo newu.

5.

10. Familiarize yourself with the following terms related to weather and natural disasters.

Lightning mebrek

Thunderstorm negodguad

Tornado aulo nefas A

Hurricane maebel A

Flood gorf

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11. What do you hear? Circle the term you hear spoken by the native speaker. Check the answer key. 1. flood lightning tornado hurricane thunderstorm 2. flood lightning tornado hurricane thunderstorm 3. flood lightning tornado hurricane thunderstorm

negodguad meabel A

aulo nefas A gorf

mebrek

12. Answer the questions. Check your work with the answer key.

- negodguad newu? ? I mebrek newu A

Gorf newu? ? I aulo nefas newu AA

Maebel newu? A? I negodguad newu A

Aulo nefas newu? A? I gorf newu. A 167

Mebrek newu? ? I maebel newu. AA

End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Listen to the following weather report for different cities in Amharic. In English, fill in the chart below with the weather and temperature for each city. Pause or replay the audio if needed. Check your work with the answer key. Play Weather Report

City 1. 2. 3. 4.

Weather

Temperature

2. Listen to another weather report and answer the questions below. Check your work with the answer key. Tena yestelegn endemen ameshachew, yehay ye ayear zegeba ke axum le sene asra hulet she arat neo. zare sehigh bu kefetegna 26 degrees Celsius bu ken ena zenab Bu mata zeketagna 18 degrees Celsius neo. EAAAA A26 E 18

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For what city is this weather report? For what date is this weather report? What will be the high and low temperatures for the day? Is rain expected? Is wind mentioned?

3. Working in pairs or small groups, describe the pictures. Using the vocabulary youve learned in this lesson, compose a story to match the pictures. Include the season of the year, the name of the month, the type of weather it seems to be, etc.

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Vocabulary List
Weather Weather forecast Weather report Rain Sun Wind Snow Fog Lightning Thunderstorm Tornado Hurricane clouds Rainy Sunny Cloudy Freezing Clear Temperature: Fahrenheit/Celsius Hot Cold Warm Dry Overcast Windy High Low year ye ayear tembia Ye ayear zegeba Zenab Sehigh Nefas Buredo Chegage mebrek Negodguad Aulo nefas Ye meabel demena Zenabama Sehighama Demean werch Nesuhe semi Temperature: Fahrenheit/Celsius Muket (katelo) Kezkaza Muket Derek Demean Nefas Kefetegna Zeketegan A A A AU A / /

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Answer Key
3. 1. rain zenab/ 2. wind nefas / 3. clouds gumme/ 6. 1. B How is the weather today? It is overcast and raining. 2. C What is the temperature? It is 22 degrees Celsius! It is very warm and clear. 4. A Is it sunny? No, its foggy and cold.

3. D How is the weather there? Its snowing and below freezing.

7. 1-AE? -A 2AE? -A 3-AE? 4-AE? -A 5AE? -A 8. 1.A? AA 2.AAEA? AA 3.A? AA Seattle muket behamle ale? Auo sehigh ale Addis abeba nefas ena berd behdar ale? I sehigh ale Portland muket bemegabit ale? Auo ale Ayearu bu genbot endate newu? Eyearu sehigh newu Ayearu be senie endate newu? Ayearu zenab newu? Ayearu endate newu? Betam muket newu Ayearu endate newu? Ayearu berd newu Ayearu endate newu? Ayearu nesuhe newu

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9. 1. A. A ayearu bu meskerm sehigh newu . B. ? 22 zare temperaturu meneden newu? 22 degrees Fahrenheit newu. 3. C. A?AE begga nefas ale? i muket ena sehigh newu. 4. A. A? E ye negge ayear tembia menden newu? demean ena berd newu. B. E? E begga muket ena derek newu. kiremt kezkaza ena buredo newu.

2.

5.

11. 1. thunderstorm negodguad 2. lightning mebrek 3. hurricane meabel A 12.. - Is it a thunderstorm? - negodguad neo? ? - No, its lightning, I mebrek neo A - Is it a tornado? Aul o nefas neo? A? - No, its a flood I gorf neo. A - Is it a flood? Gorf neo? ? No, its a tornado. I aulo nefas neo AA - Is it a hurricane? Maebel neo? A? - No, its a thunderstorm I negodguad neo A

- Is it lightning? Mebrek neo? ? - No, its a hurricane. I maebel neo. AA

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End of Lesson Tasks 1. Today in Addis Ababa it will be cold and windy with a temperature of 14 degrees Celsius in the day time and a low of 10 degrees Celsius at night. In Negele to the south it will be hot and dry with temperature of 30 degrees Celsius in the day time and low of 20 degrees Celsius at night. In Jigiga to the east it will be very hot with the temperature of 38 degrees Celsius in the day and 25 degrees at night. In the west in Gorre it will be rainy and warm with a temperature of 27 degrees Celsius in the day and a of low 20 degrees Celsius at night. 2. Hello, good evening. This is the weather report from Axum for July 10th 2004. Today it is a sunny day with a high of 26 degrees Celsius and a rainy low of 18 degrees Celsius at night. EAAAA A26 E 18 Tena yestelegn endemen ameshachew, yehay ye ayear zegeba ke axum le sene asra hulet she arat neo. zare sehigh bu kefetegna 26 degrees Celsius bu ken ena zenab Bu mata zeketagna 18 degrees Celsius neo.

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Lesson 12 Yesew kumena Personal Appearance


This lesson will introduce you to: - ones physical features (hair color, weight, height, etc.) - articles of clothing - colors - description of a persons physical appearance, including the clothing - appropriate ways to ask about someones appearance.

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

1. Look at the pictures below and familiarize yourself with the new vocabulary. Listen to the descriptions of peoples appearances.

Tall regym

Short acher A

Heavy Kebed yale ()

Thin kechin

Young wetat

Old shemagele

Short Achir A

Long regym

Blond blond

Red kaye

Gray shebet

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2. Look at the pictures below and listen to the descriptions of peoples appearances.

This woman is young. She is tall and thin. EE yechi sait wetat nat. esua regym ena kechin nat.

This man is also young. He has an average height and medium frame. EA yehay sewyem wetat newu. mekakelegna kumet ena sewnet alewu.

When describing personal appearance in Amharic, most adjectives are the same as in English. The main difference is the use of old and fat. In English those terms can be negative, whereas in Amharic they are not. For example, if someone is very fat or obese, we use very fat (betam wefram). Also in English there is one word to describe an old thing and a person, whereas in Amharic an old person is telek sewyea (M) or telek saityo (F), and for a thing, use arogay: arogay chama, arogay tv , arogay radio etc.

3. Look at the pictures below and familiarize yourself with the new vocabulary. Listen to the speaker and repeat as you follow along in the workbook. Hair: Blond Brown Red Gray Curly Straight Blond Buna Keye Shebut Teklel (curly) Ket yale

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This young woman has short brown hair. AA yechi wetat sait acher buna segur alat.

This young man also has short brown hair. AA Yehay wetat wend acher buna segur alew

The young girl has long blond hair. A yechi wetat sait lej regem blond segur alat.

The old man has gray hair. A Yehay telek sewyea shebut alewu.

4. Look at the pictures and write descriptions of the people. Use the appropriate grammar and vocabulary. Check the answer key for a translation of the model. The model: AEEAA Alemu regem newu, esu semyawe shemis ena arenguade suri argual EAEEA Dawit blond ena achir newu, esu bertukan shemis ena gray suri argual EEEA Membere wefram ena blond nat, esua semyawe suri ena burtukan AEEEA shemiz argalech.Genet kechin ena regem nat, esua rose lebs ena chama argalech.

Alemu ena Dawit AE

Membere ena Genet E

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5. Look at the pictures below and familiarize yourself with the new vocabulary. Listen to the speaker and repeat as you follow along in the workbook.

Ear joro

Nose afencha A

Eye ayen A

Mouth af A

Glasses meneser

Beard sim

Light Skin keye

Medium Skin teyem

Dark Skin tekur

6. From the list above, choose the characteristics and adjectives used to describe each feature. Eyes Hair Skin Height Frame Facial Features

7. In each line of text below, cross out the term that does not logically belong. Check your work with the answer key. bicha achir A afencha A blond arenguade A meneser sim gracha kechin regym wefram kumet buna aynet A mekakelegna ayen A teyem (tekur) /

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8. Listen to the descriptions of different peoples appearances while reading the following dialogues. Answer the questions. Check your work with the answer key. 1. A? ye liya segur kelem men ayent newu? A - yesua segure buna ayent newu. A? - ye liya segure regym newue woynes achir? A - achir newu. ? - ye liya segur teklel newu woynes ket yale? - ket yale newu. 2. ? petros meneser yaregal? AEA - I esu meneser ayaregem AA? - ye petros ayen kelem men ayente newu? A - yesu ayen semeyawe newu. 3. ? - kidane regym newu? E - esu mekakelegna newu. E - esu wefram newu? E - I esu kechin newu . . Questions: 1. How many people were described? 2. What were their names? 3. What kind of hair does Liya have? 4. Does Petros wear glasses? 5. Does Petros have brown eyes? 6. Is Kidane short and heavy?

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9. Familiarize yourself with the new vocabulary for clothing and colors. Listen and repeat after the speaker. Black Gray Green Red Blue Yellow White Tekur Gracha Arenguade Keye Semeyawe Bicha Nech A

Red Coat Keye coat

Gray Suit Gracha sufe

Tan Pants Kaki suri

Blue Jeans Blue jeans

Green Jacket Arenguade jacket A

Brown Sweater Buna aynet shoerab A

Orange Shirt Bertukan aynet shemese A

Blue T-Shirt Semeyawe kanatera(t-shirt) /

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Green Skirt Arenguade gurd A

Purple Dress Whensege kemis

White Sweat Suit Nech tuta

Yellow Shorts Becha kumta

Brown Boots Buna aynet boots A

Blue Shoes Semeyawe chama

Black Hat Tekure kofeya

Gray Uniform Gracha uniform

Black Socks Tekur kalsi

White Socks Nech kalsi

10. Match each description with the corresponding picture. Fill in the blank with the correct letter. Note that there could be more than one match. Check your work with the answer key.

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1 . . Telek saityo nachewu. .. 2. . blond newu. .. 3. . Regem buna ayenet segur alat. ..AA 4. . Gracha suf lebsual 5. . Semeyawe suri lebsul. .. 6. . Wetat sait nat.

.. 7. . Regim kechin nat. 8. . Bicha kemis lebsalech. . 9. . Semeyawe kanatera lebsalech. .. 10.. wefram newu. ..

11. Translate the following descriptions into English. Check your work with the answer key. A. E30AEAA E Hanna regym kechin nat. esua 30 ametua newu. esua blond teklel segur, arenguade ayen, ena keya nat. B. EE45AEA AE Samuel regym ena wefram newu . esu 45 ametu newu. esu achir shebut segure , semeyawe ayen, ena keye newu. C. AAEA wetaderu tekur achir segur alew . esu achir ena kechin newu. D. y10AEEE AE echi tenish lej 10 ametua newu. esua regym ena kechin nat. esua regym bunama segure , bunama ayen , ena teyem nat .

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Describe the people you see in the pictures. For each person, include the approximate age, skin tone, color and length of hair, and what he/she is wearing. Use the model:

1.EE
yechi wettat sait teyem ena konjo nat.esua keye kanatera lebsalech 2.AA yechi saiteyo semeyawi shemis lebsalech.meneser argalech shebet segur alat 3.EA yehay sewyea semayawi suf be keye karavat ena meneser argual 4.E yehay wend wetat ana melke melkam neo. 5.AEE yehay sewyea africawe neo.melata ena teyem neo.keye shemis ena tekur suf lebsuwal. 6.E yehay sewyea gracha kanatera lebswal.esu melata neo.

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2. Come up with a simple description for each of the people listed below. (You may substitute any individual you wish for those listed.) Be sure to include hair color and length, approximate height and age, eye color, and skin tone. Example: My mother is 63 years old. She is tall and has a medium frame. She has short, gray hair and brown eyes. She has light skin. She wears glasses. A. Mother B. Father C. Co-worker D. President of the United States E. Your next-door neighbor

3. Work in pairs. Pretend that you and your partner are roommates. When you went to the store, someone came to visit you. Now you are back. Ask your roommate questions about that persons appearance. Your partner will describe the visitor. In Amharic, say what he/she looks like. (Is he/she tall or short? Heavy or thin? What kind of hair does he/she have? What was he wearing? What colors were the clothes?) Example:

Esua regym kechin ena achir blond segur alat. EEAA Esua tekur suri ena rose shemise lebsalech. EE

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Vocabulary List
Average Beard Black Blond Blue Blue jeans Boots Brown Color Curly Dark Dress Ears Eyes Face Frame Glasses Gray Green Hair Hat Jacket Large Light Man Medium Mouth Nose Old Pants Red Shirt Shoes Short Skin Skirt Small Straight Suit Sweater Sweats mekakelegna Sim Tekur blond Simeyawe Blue jeans Bote chama (boots) Buna Kelem Tiklet Tekor yale Kemis Jorro Ayen Feet Frame Meneser kaki Arenguade Segure Kofeya Jacket Telek debezaza Sewye Mekakelegan Afe Afencha Aroge(used only for things) suri keye shemese chama kumta koda gurred Tenish Kat yale Suff Shurab Tuta ( yesporte lebese) / A A A A A ( )

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Tall Thin To wear T-shirt White Woman Yellow Young

Regym Kechin Melbess Kanatera (T-shirt) Nech Saityo Bicha wetat

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Answer Key
4. Alemu is tall , he is wearing blue shirt and green pants. Dawit is blond and short, he is wearing orange shirt and gray pants. Membere is heavy and blond, she is wearig blue pants and orange. Genet is thin and tall, she is wearing pink dress and shoes. 7. blue bicha short achir A nose afencha A blond blond 8. 1. - What color is Liyas hair? - Her hair is brown. - Is Liyashair long or short? - Its short. - Is Liyashair curly or straight? - Its straight. 2. - Does Petros wear glasses? - No, he doesnt wear glasses. - What color are Petross eyes? - His eyes are blue. 3. - Is Kidane tall? - He is of average height. - Is he heavy? -No, he is thin. 1. 2. 3. 4. How many people were described? Three. What were their names? Liya, Petros, Kidane. What kind of hair does Liya have? Short, straight, brown. Does Petros wear glasses? No. green arenguade A glasses meneser beard sim gray gracha thin kechin tall regym heavy wefram height kumet brown buna aynet A average mekakelegna eyes ayen A dark teyem (tekur) /

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5. Does Petros have brown eyes? No, he has blue eyes. 6. Is Kidane short and heavy? No, average height and thin. 10.

1 . D. Telek saityo nachewu. .. 2. E. blond newu. .. 3. C. Regem buna ayenet segur alat. ..AA 4. A. Gracha suf lebsual 5. E. Semeyawe suri lebsul. .. 6. B. Wetat sait nat. .. 7. C. Regim kechin nat. 8. C. Bicha kemis lebsalech. . 9. B. Semeyawe kanatera lebsalech. .. 10A.. wefram newu. .. 11. A. Hanna is tall and thin. She is 30 years old. She has blond curly hair, green eyes, and fair skin. B. Samuel is tall and heavy. He is 45 years old. He has short gray hair, blue eyes, and light skin. C. The soldier has dark short hair. He is short and thin. D. A young girl is 10 years old. She is tall and thin. She has long brown hair, brown eyes, and dark skin.

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Lesson 13 megenga Transportation

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

This lesson will introduce you to: - The verbs of motion - The ways of asking questions regarding the different modes of transportation - The different types of transportation available in Ethiopia

Ethiopian Airlines is one of Africas largest and best airlines, with an extensive network of flights throughout Africa, Europe, Asia and North America. It also has a strong internal network and its prices are reasonable. There is also a good network of cheap, slow buses along all major roads. The only train line runs between Addis Ababa and Dire Dawa, and its long and slow. In the capital there are luxury taxis for hire at any of the major hotels, and taxis on the street that you can flag down and negotiate the price, either by the hour or to your destination. The average Ethiopian takes the mini bus (weyeyet), which can carry about 10 passengers and is very reasonable. There is also the city bus, which is the cheapest way of getting around, but it is mostly used by the poor; it is very crowded and does not run on time. Although there are many privately owned cars, the majority of Ethiopians use public transportation, and a few use bicycles and motorcycles. In rural areas, horses, mules, camels and horse carriages are used.

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1. Listen and repeat the following words as you read along.

aroplan A Airplane

beesclate Bicycle

merkeb Ship

autobos A Bus

mekina Car

gelba Ferry Boat

helicopter Helicopter

motorcycle Motorcycle

taxi Taxi

babour Train

yechinet makina Truck

Study the verbs of motion. To walk bu egir mehaad to or in English, to go on foot. This is how the verb to walk is used: Example I walk to work. Ene sera bu egir neo yemehadew. To drive mendat Example ene sera bu mekina neo yemehadew. To ride to ride a bicycle and to ride a motorcycle use the same verb as to drive: mendat.

2. Listen to the questions and answers about using different forms of transportation. Repeat after the speaker as you read along. How do you go to work? Sera bu mennden neo yemethaydew?

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Model: who + destination +mode of transportation + the verb of motion ene sera bu mekina newu yemehaydew I go to work by car. E

Ene E

by car/ be mekina newu yemehaydewu by bus/ be autobos newu yemehaydewu A by train/ be babour newu yemehaydew by bicycle/ be beesclate newu yemehaydewu by boat/ be merkeb newu yemehaydewu by motorcycle/ be motorcycle newu yemehaydewu by truck/ be chinet mekina newu yemehaydewu

3. Listen to and read each statement below and match it with the correct picture. Check your work with the answer key.

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A. EA ene wholle teuat temhertbait bu autobos newu yemhaydewu. B. wetaderoch be meder tor mekina yehaydalu. C. E zenab sizenb egna be taxi newu yemenhaydwe. D. E ene be mekina newu sera yemehaydewu. E. yene guadegna be beesclate newu sera yemihaydewu. F. yene wendem motorcycle newu yemenedawu.

4. Make complete sentences out of the words below. Model: ene temehrtbait bu autobos haydalew who + destination +mode of transportation + the verb of motion I ride the bus to school. EA ene, motorcycle, yene wendem, mendate, wede, temehrtbait, beesclate, yegna welagoch, mekina, aroplan marefia, babour, yezefen zegegit, metshaf bait, yene guadegna, mendate, taxi, autobos, mehayd E A A

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The different modes of transportation and how to ask for directions. ? Yekerta, bank yet noe? Where is the bank? AA adebabay ategeb noe,bu taxi mehayd yechalal Its near the square; you can take a taxi. E egzair yestelgn Thank you.

5. Now read the following exchanges. Listen to them and repeat after the speaker. - Excuse me. I want to go to the library. How do I get there? EE - yekerta; metsehaft bait mehayd efelgalewu, endate newu yemhaydewu? - Take bus number 14. 14 - 14 kutter mewsed techilaleh - Thanks. E - egzair yestelegn. - You are welcome. A -abro yestlegn - How do I get to the hospital? E? - hakim bait endate newu yemehaydewu? - Take a taxi. - taxi mewsed techilaleh - Thank you very much. E - butam egzair yestelegn.

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- You are welcome. E - butam egzair yestelegn. - Please tell me how to get to the hotel from the airport? AEE - bakoten ke hotel aroplan marefia endate mehayd echilalewu ? - Take the train. - be babour. - What number? ? - cent kuter? - Train number 22. 22 - babour kuter22

6. Working with a partner, make up similar exchanges. Use the words from Exercise 5 and the pictures below to choose the destination.

theatre /

bakery/

train station/

7. Now listen to the dialogues and mark the statement that you hear. Check your answers with the answer key. 1. A. Do you take a taxi to the concert? No, I take my car. B. Do you take a bus to the concert? No, I take my car. C. Do you take a train to the concert? No, I take my car. A. What bus should I take to the post office? Bus number 18. B. What street should I take to the post office? 18th Street. C. What exit should I take to the post office? Exit 18. A. My parents drive their cars to work, but we ride our bicycles. B. My parents drive their cars to work, but we walk. C. My parents drive their cars to work, but we take the train. 193

2.

3.

At a service station

8. Familiarize yourself with the following vocabulary. Listen to the speaker and follow along in your book. Gas Gas station Service station Diesel Car wash Oil Tire/tires Air Water Flat tire Bainzeen (petrol) Bainzeen (petrol) madeya Garage Nafta Mekina matebia Yemekina zeit Gomma/ gommawoch Ayear Weha Gomma feneda / / / A

In Ethiopia the metric system is used for measuring, liters, kilos, meters, kilometers, and grams. Gas and all liquid substances are sold in liters. 1 gallon = 3.785 liters 1 quart = .946 liters 1 liter = 2.1 pints 10 liters = 2.63 gallons

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9. Listen to the people at a service station and find out what each needs. Circle the English equivalents of the terms you hear. Check your work with the answer key. A. B. C. D. Air Air Air Air Gas Gas Gas Gas Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Tires Tires Tires Tires Oil Oil Oil Oil Car Wash Car Wash Car Wash Car Wash

10. Familiarize yourself with these terms identifying infrastructure. Road Highway Freeway Local road Railroad Ring road menged Yemekina menged Yemekina menged Yemender menged Yebabour menged Yekelebet menged

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Tell how you would get to the following places using various modes of transportation. Try to make your story interesting and include as many details as you can.

2. Listen and write down the responses to the questions below in Amharic and English. Check your work with the answer key. A. ene bainzeen yelegnem. Bainzeen madeya yet newu? E? B. ene gomma ye fendtula. Ayear aleh? EAA? C. cent newu bainzeen be liter/gallon? /? D. ye cent bainzeen tefelgalh? ?

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Vocabulary List
Ayear Aroplan Beesclate Merkeb Autobus (bus) Mekina Mekina matebiya Ye musika zegegit Nafta Gelba Yemekina menged (yekefle Hager menged) Gallon Gallon Gas Benzine Helicopter Helicopter Highway Yemekina menged Library Metsehaft bait Liter Liter Local road Yemender menged Motorcycle Motorcycle Oil Zeyit Railroad Babur menged Service station Benzin madeya School Temhert bait Ship Merkeb Taxi Taxi Tire/tires Gomma/gommawoch Train Babur Truck Chinet mekina Water Weha Work Sera How do you go to work? Sera bumen tehaydaleh? I drive my car. Bu mekina I take a bus to go to school. Ene bu autobus neo temhertbait yemehaydew How do I get to the Hakim bait bu menn mehayd hospital? echelalew? Air Airplane Bicycle Boat Bus Car Car wash Concert Diesel Ferry boat Freeway A A A () / ? EA E?

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Answer Key
3. 6.A. I take the bus to school every morning. 4.B. Soldiers ride in an army truck. 5.C. When its raining, we take a taxi. 2.D. I drive my car to go to work. 3.E. My friend rides his bike to work. 1.F. My brother rides a motorcycle. 7. 1. A. Do you take a taxi to the concert? No, I take my car. yezefen zegegit be taxi newu yemetyadewu? i, be mekina newu yemehaydewu. ? A 2. B. What street should I take to the post office? 18th Street. yetgnaw menged newu yemwesdew posta bait lemehay? Autobos asra sement ?AA 3. C. My parents drive their cars to work, but we take the train. yene welagoch sera be mekina newu yemihaydut, egna genn be babour newu yeminhaydewu. E 9. A. B. C. D. - ene ayear le gomma felgalewu EA - ene aser gallon bainzeen ena aned liter zeit felgalewu EAEA - ene mekina matebia felgalewu E ene nafta le mekina felgalewu E

A. B. C. D.

I need some air for my tires. I need 10 gallons of gas and 1 quart of oil. I need a car wash and gas. I need diesel for my car and oil.

End-of-Lesson Tasks 2. A. - I have no gas. Where is the gas station? - Two miles this way. 198

B. - I have a flat tire. Do you have air? -Yes, we do. C. - How much is the gas per liter/gallon? - $2.35 a gallon. D. How much gas do you want? - 5 liters/gallons please. A. ene bainzeen yelegnem. Bainzeen madeya yet neo? - hulet mile yerekal E? B. ene gomma ye fendtula. Ayear aleh? -auo alen. EAA? AA C. cent neo bainzeen bu liter/gallon? - hulet dollar ke selasa amest santim /? A D. ye cent bainzeen tefelgalh? - amest liter/gallon ebakot ? A?/E

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Lesson 14 Goozo Travel

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

This lesson will introduce you to: - Vocabulary related to travel - How to buy a train, bus, or airplane ticket - How to understand schedules - Border crossing and roadblock procedures.

There are several local Ethiopian airlines ticket offices where one can purchase a ticket for local and international flights. A bus ticket is purchased when boarding, and a train ticket is purchased at the train station. There is a significant difference between first class and second class for trains and air travel, but buses usually have only a standard rate and class.

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1. Listen to the following dialogue about buying a ticket at a train station, and read along in the workbook. Soldier: Excuse me, maam. yekerta weizerit Can I help you? menn lerdawot? ? I need to buy a ticket to the city of Dire Dawa. ticket le Dire dawa felgalew Departing on what day? meyahga be men ken? ? Today. zare One-way or roundtrip? mehayga weynes derso melse? Roundtrip. derso melse First class or second class? andegna meareg weynes huletegna me-areg? AAA? Second class, please. huletegna me-areg ebakot AE Returning on what day? memelesha ken? ? Friday areb A Morning, afternoon, or evening? teuat,keseat, weynes mata? A? Afternoon keseat A

Ticket Seller:

Soldier:

Ticket Seller:

Soldier:

Ticket Seller:

Soldier:

Ticket Seller:

Soldier:

Ticket Seller:

Soldier:

Ticket Seller:

Soldier:

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Ticket Seller: Twenty-two dollars, please. The next train leaves in one hour from platform number 5. haya hulet dollar ebakot, yemiketelew babour ke aned se-at bewhouala be platform kuter amest newu. EAA A Soldier: Thank you. What is the train number? egzair yestelegn, baour kuter menden newu? ? Ticket Seller: 76 seba sedest Soldier: Is this an express train? fetan babour newu? ? Ticket Seller: Yes, it is an express train. Oewo featn babour newu. A

Study the verbs below. To board mesafer Passengers must board the plane now. Mengedegnoch awhon aroplan mesafer alebachew. AAA depart mehayga When does the plane to Addis Ababa depart? Cent se-at neo ye addis abeba mehayga auroplan? AAA? arrive-mederesha The express train from Harrar arrives in 1 hour. Fetanu babour ke harrar ke aned se-at behual yedersal AA Study the use of the terms must or have to. I must ene alebegn EA I must go to the train station. Ene babour tabia mehay alebegn. EA She must esua alebat EA She must board the plane. Esua auroplan mesafer alebat. EAA He must esu alebet EA

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He must buy the ticket. Esu ticket megzat alebet. EA You must ante alebeh(M) AA You must leave on Friday. Ante areb mehayd alebehe AAA You must anchi alebesh(F) AA You must come back on Sunday. Anchi ehude memeles alebesh. AEA We must egna aleben EA We must return at nine oclock. Egna bu zetegn se-at memeles aleben EAA They must enesu alebachew EA They must go to the waiting area. Enesu metebekia bota mehayd alebachew EA You must (plural) enante alebach-who EA You must return to Addis Ababa. Enante Addis abeba memeless alebachwho EAAA

2. Read the dialogue with a partner. Take turns being the Ticket Seller and Soldier. 3. Role-play the dialogue. You can substitute the name of a city where you need to buy a ticket to, the time and day of arrival and departure, and the price of the ticket.

The formation of the future tense in Amharic is as follows. The is not a verb for will or going to as in English to indicate the future, but simply use the present tense and add a time frame to indicate that it is going to be a future activity. EXAMPLE. I will take the bus tomorrow. ene nege autobus wesdalwe. EA She is playing at a concert next week. esua yemimetaw samnet musika zegejet techawetalech E. The verb stays in the present, but a time in the future is indicated.

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4. Listen to the following statements and read along in the workbook. Attention, passengers! The next express train to Harra will depart from platform 10 in 15 minutes. E!AA A Kebran ena kebrat mengedegnoch ! yemiketelewu fetan babour be platform aser ke Asra amest dekika behuala yehaydal. Attention, passengers! The next local train will arrive at platform 10 in 5 minutes. E! A Kebran ena keburat mengedegnoch! Yemiketelew yager babour ke amest aser dekika behuala Platform yedersal. Attention, passengers! Flight number 92 from Sydney will be one hour late. Please check the schedule for updates. E! AA EA Kebran ena kebrat mengedegnoch! Yeberera kuter zetena hulet ke Sydney aned seiet Yarefdal. Ebakachehun le addis plan gezaiwen temelketu Attention, passengers! The bus from Mekele will arrive at terminal 3 in 10 minutes E! AA Kebran ena kebrat mengedegnoch! Ye mekele autobos ke aser dekika behuala terminal Sost yedersal

5. Match each picture with the correct Amharic term by writing the term below the correct picture.

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mengedegnoch shanta platform Yeguzo plan

ticket Ticket mekotateria Marefia bota Megbia

6. Listen to the following statements and read along in the workbook. You must have a ticket to board the train. Baour le mesafer ticket yasfelgal You must have a ticket to board the airplane. Auroplan le mesafer ticket yasfelgal A Passengers for flight number 25 must go to gate 14. Ye berera kuter haya amest mengedegnoch wede megbia asra arat hidu. AAA You must pay for your ticket. Le ticket mekfel alebeh A Passengers have to wait in the waiting area. Mengedgnoch marefia bota metebek alebachewu A You have to wait for your luggage at the baggage claim area. Shanta lemeused wede shanta bota mehayd alebachwhu E

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7. Fill in the blanks with the correct term from the list below. Check your work with the answer key. Attention Baggage claim area Express First class Platform Schedule Second class Ticket window Gate kebran ena kebrat shanta bota fetan anedegna meareg platform yeguzo plan huletegna meareg ticket meshecha megebia E AA A

A. _______ Ticket lemegzat wede ___________________ hidu. B. _______ Shanta lemagnet wede _________________hidu C. ___________!AA ____________! Ticket yalachewu mengedegnoch autobos mesafer alebachwho D. ______________E ________________ eyou ye mehayga berera meche endemihayd E. _____________ A ____________ babour fetan newu mekneyatum buhager wost aykomem. F. E________ eyandandu babour yetleyaye_________________ yedersal G. E! 725 ____ 17 kebran ena kebrat mengedegnoch ! berari kuter 725 yemihadew ke ______A17 newu

8. For each question below, there is a corresponding answer. Match them by writing the letter of each question on the blank line in front of the appropriate answer. Check your answers with the answer key. A.E? le hager wost babour ticket yet megzat echilalewu? 1.AE Oewo ebakot

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B.A ? yemiketelwew autobos wede Dire dawa meche newu yemihaydewu? C.AA anedegna meareg ticket cent newu wede Dire Dawa? D.? ye meskot wenber yefelgalu? E. ? yet platform newu fetan babour ke Dire dawa yemidersewu?

2.A yemiketlew autobos wede Dire dawa ke haya dekika behula yehaydal 3.A A ticket mechecha ke platform aned ategeb. 4.A A babour ke aser dekika behula platform asra sedest yedersal. 5.A selsa arat dollar newu

9. Role-play the short dialogues from Exercise 8. Change the cities and numbers.

10. What do you hear? Listen to the speaker and determine which statement is spoken. Check your work with the answer key. 1. A You must have a ticket to board the bus. B You must have a ticket to board the ferry. 2. A I need a first-class roundtrip ticket to Frankfurt. B I need a first-class one-way ticket to Frankfurt. 3. A. The next express train will depart from platform 15 in 10 minutes. B The next local train will depart from platform 15 in 10 minutes.

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At border crossings and roadblocks

11. Listen to these new words and phrases. Border Customs Checkpoint Roadblock Passport Drivers license Documents Papers ID card Show me Give me Search Inspect/inspection Trunk (of a car) Proceed Rental (car) Citizen Denber Gumruk Mefetesha bota Zeg menged Passport Menga fekad Sened Wereket Metawhekia wereket Asayegn Setegn Mefeleg Mefetesh/fetesha Kofen Elef (ketel) Kiray mekina Zega A / E

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12. At roadblocks and border crossings, officials usually ask questions about driver identification and vehicle documents. Try to match up the Amharic border crossing requests and questions with their English equivalents. Check the answer key. 1. A Yemenejia fekade asayegn ()A Passport setegn (asayegn) /? Ke yet neh (M) nesh(F)? E? Eza lemin mehayd yasfelghal? /A? Menga fekad setegn (asayegn)? A? Metawekia wereket aleh? A Give me your drivers license.

2.

B Do you have an ID card?

3.

C Why do you need to go there?

4.

D Show me your car papers.

5.

E Give me your passport.

6.

F Where are you from?

13. Listen to and read the following dialogue at a border crossing, and then answer the questions below. Try to guess the meaning of unknown words from the context. Check your work with the answer key. Denber tekotatari: Mekina negi: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: passport ena menga fekad ebakot setugn? E? eshe E ye America zega not?/A? Oewo./A ye mekina wereket alot?/A? Oewo yehay ye kiray mekina newu/A wedat newu yemethaydut?/? Adwa, Tigray./A cent gezai tekoyalachew?/? aser ken/A eza menn taregalachehu?/E? baitseb le megobgnet/ ebakot kofen kefetu. Mefetesh aleben/E A eshe/E eshe , egzair yestelegn. Meketel yechalal./EE 209

A. B. C. D. E. F. G.

Where is the driver from? Does the driver own the vehicle he is driving? Where is the driver going? Why is he going there? How long will he be there? What does the guard ask the driver to do at the end? Why?

14. Work with a partner. Take turns role-playing the Customs Official and the Car Driver.

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Translate the following sentences into English. Check your work with the answer key. A. derso melse wede Bahir darr efelgalewu ebakot? Yemehaydew hidar asra hulet ena yememetaw be tahsas sost meskot ategeb wenber efelgalewu. EE? AE A B. fetan babour ale? A? C. ye awasa autobos ke yet platform newu yemihaydewu? A? D. babour selasa arat platform sost ke amest dekika behuala yehaydal. AA

2. Complete the dialogues. Check your work with the answer key. A. - ticket meshecha wede eza newu? - . E? B. - shanta bota yehay newu? - . ? C. - metebekia bota yet newu? - . ? D. megbai kuter asra amest yet newu? - . AA?

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3. Work with a partner or in a small group. Look at the pictures and come up with the story. Do you think these people are arriving or departing? Do you think they are on time? Is their flight late? Mention their names, ages, professions, what they are wearing, and where and why they need to fly or where they are arriving from. Also, tell how they got to the airport (by car, by bus, by train).

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Vocabulary List
Arriving/Arrivals Attention Baggage Border Bus station Checked Checkpoint Citizen Customs Delay/ed Departing/Departures Documents Drivers license Express First class Flight Fly Give me ID card Inspect Inspection Inspector Late One-way On time Papers Passenger Passport Platform Proceed Rental car Roadblock Roundtrip Schedule Second class Show me Terminal Ticket Medres/ derash megedegnoch Asteule Shanta Denber Autobos fermata Mefetesh Yefetaesha bota Zyga Gumruk Marfed Heyage sened menga fekad Fetan Andegna me-areg Berera Mebrer Setun Metawekia (metawekia wereket) Memermer (mefetesh) Memera (fetesha) Tekotatari (mermari) police mezegyet Mehayga/memcha becha Bu se-at Wereket Mengedegna Passport platform kettle Yemekina keray Kelkel menged Derso melse Yeguzo plan programm Huletegna me-areg Asayegn terminal Ticket / A A AA / / / / A A A

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Ticket window To board To leave To return/come back Train station Trunk (of a car) Update Waiting area Window seat

Ticket korach Mesafer mehayd memeless Babour tabia Kofen massaddes Metebekai bota Meskot ategeb

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Answer Key
7. G. H. I. J. K. L. G Go to the ticket window to buy the tickets. You can get your baggage at baggage claim. Attention! All passengers must have a ticket to board the bus. Check the schedule to find out when your flight departs. The express train is fast because it does not make local stops. Each train arrives at a different platform. Attention, passengers! Flight #725 is departing from gate A17.

A. Ticket lemegzat wede ticket meshecha hidu. B . Shanta lemagnet wede shanta bota hidu C. Kebran ena kebrat! Ticket yalachew mengedegnoch autobos mesafer alebachwho E!AA D. Yeguzo plan eyou ye mehayga berera meche endemihayd E E. Fetan babour fetan neo mekneyatum buyehar wost aykomem. A F .Eyandandu babour yetleyaye platform yedersal E G. Kebran ena kebrat mengedegnoch ! berari kuter 725 yemihadew ke megbia A17 neo E! 725 17 8. A. Where can I buy a local train ticket? B. When is the next bus to Dere Dawa? C. How much is a first class ticket to Dere Dawa? D. Do you want a window seat? E. From which platform is the express train from Dere Dawa arriving? 1. D 2. B 3. A 4. E 5. C Yes, please The next bus to Dere Dawa departs in 20 minutes. At the ticket window next to platform one. That train will arrive at platform 16 in ten minutes. It is 64 dollars 215

10. 1. A. A autobos lemesafer ticket yasfelgal. You must have a ticket to board the bus. 2. A. AAE anedgna meareg derso melse ticket le Frankfurt efelgalew I need a first-class roundtrip ticket to Frankfurt. 3. B. AAA Yemiketlew yagerwost babour platform asra amest ke aser dekika behuala Yehaydal. B The next local train will depart from platform 15 in 10 minutes. 12. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. D E F C A B

13. Customs Official: Car Driver: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: CD: CO: Give me your passport and drivers license. OK. Are you a U.S. citizen? Yes. Do you have papers for this car? Yes. It is a rental car. Where are you going? Adwa, Tigray. How long will you be there? Ten days. What will you do there? I will visit my family. Please open the trunk. We need to do an inspection. OK. OK, thank you. You may proceed.

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A. B. C. D. E. F. G.

Where is the driver from? U.S. Does the driver own the vehicle he is driving? No, it is a rental car. Where is the driver going? Adwa, Tigray. Why is he going there? To visit family How long will he be there? Ten days What does the guard ask the driver to do at the end? Open the trunk Why? To do an inspection

End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. A. I need to buy a roundtrip ticket to Baher darr, please. I leave on November 12 and return on December 3. I want a window seat. B. Is this an express train? C. What platform does the bus to Awasa leave from? D. Train 34 is departing from platform three in five minutes. 2. A. - Is the ticket window that way? - yes it is . B. - Is this the baggage claim area? - no it is not. C. - Do you know where the waiting area is? - it is next the bar. D. - Where is gate number 15? - its next to the ticket counter. A- ticket meshecha wede eza neo? - auo neo E? A B. - shanta bota yehay neo? - I ayedelem ? AA C. - metebekia bota yet neo? - e buan baitu ategeb neo

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? A D. megbai kuter asra amest yet neo? -ke ticket meshecha ategeb neo AA? A

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Lesson 15 Temehert Bait At School

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

This lesson will introduce you to: - the vocabulary related to classroom activities - the vocabulary related to being a student - the education system in Ethiopia.

The education system in Ethiopia is the same as the education system in America. It goes from first grade to 12th grade, taught in English. Education is not compulsory; those who attend do so by the choice of the family. It depends on their socioeconomic status and whether they live near a school. Most people who live in rural areas in Ethiopia, which is the majority of the population, have no education. In Addis Ababa, there are two state-owned universities and several private small colleges and universities. The students in Ethiopia study the same subjects required to pass a high school exam, such as math, English, biology etc. The academic standards are high and students are expected to work hard.

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1. Familiarize yourself with the new vocabulary. Listen to the speaker and read the following text under each of the pictures.

A student writes on the blackboard with chalk. Temariwa tikur selieda lie tesefalech

A student raises her hand to ask a question. Temariwa eguan ansetalech teyake lemeteyek EA

A teacher teaches students math. Astemariwu le temariwoch hisab yastemera A

Students study chemistry in middle school. Temariwoch mekakelgna derega lie chemistry yemaralu

First-grade students read a textbook. Ye anedgna kefel temariwoch metsehaf yanebalu A

Students will study art in this class. Temariwoch senetibeb yemaralu

There is a book, a notebook, There is a desk and a chair in and a calculator. the classroom. Mesehaf debter ena calculator Desk ena wenber kefel wost ale ale E E A A 220

Students write with pens and pencils. Temariwoch bu eskiribtp ena ersas yesefalu EE E

2. Work with a partner. Look around the classroom. Name the items you see. Class Desk Chair Black board Chalk Pen Pencil Notebook Computer Printer Keyboard Monitor Teacher student Kifel Desk Wenber Tikur selieda Chalk Eskirbito Ersas Debter Computer Printer Keyboard Moniter Astemari Temari E E A

3. Working with a partner, name the items you bring with you to class and the items found in your classroom.

Computer

Tikur selieda

Yealem karta A

Mesehaf

Calculator

Tape

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4. Listen to the dialogue while you read along in the workbook. Underline the new vocabulary. What is your name? Semeh mann newu? ? How old are you? Cent ameth newu A? What grade are you in? Centgna kefel neh? ? What subjects do you study? Menn aynet subject newu yemetatenawu A What is your favorite subject? Menn subject newu yemetwedewu? ? My name is Yemmane. seme Yemmane newu I am 16 years old. ene asra sedest amete newu EAA I am in 10th grade. Ene asergna kefil negn EA Math, biology, music, literature, and history. hisab,biology,muzika,ena tarik E My favorite subject is biology. Yemwedew subject biology newu.

4a. Translate the following dialogue into English. Check your work with the Answer Key. Teru temari neh? Auo teru temari negn ? A Ketemehert behuala menn taregalh? ? Ketemehrtbait beheual menn taregalh? ? Ene college haydalew doctor mehon felgalew E Ketemhertbait beheuala muzika mesmat wedalwu

5. Read the list of new words you should have underlined in Exercise 4. Grade Favorite Subject Math Biology Music kefel yemewedew subject hisab biology musika 222

Literature History College Like Listen to

sene tibeb tarik college mewded mesmat

Study the use of the term to like. Format in Amharic. who+noun+infinitive+the form to like Abebe hisab matnat yewedal. Abebe likes to study math. A Hiwot muskia mesmat tewedalech Hiwot likes listening to music.

6. Work with a partner. Come up with a dialogue similar to the one in Exercise 4. List your favorite subjects, say how good you think you are at each of them, tell what profession you are going to choose, and say what you like to do after school.

7. Familiarize yourself with the new vocabulary. Listen to the speaker as you go over the dialogue. A. Listen to the recording and take notes. Yetekedawen semu ean masetawesha safu AE B. Put your pencils down. Ersas askemtu EA C. Write your answer on the blackboard. Mels -achehun tikur selieda lie safu D. Open your textbooks. Debter-achehun geletu E. Raise your hand if you have a question. Teyake kalachehu Eje-achehun ansu EA

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F. Write down your homework, please. Ye bait sera-chehun safu bakachehu

8. Role-play a teacher. Have the students follow your directions. Use the expressions from Exercise 7.

9. Listen to the following questions and mark the answers that you hear. Check your answers with the answer key. 1. What do you do at school? A. I read the textbooks at school. B. I write letters and numbers in Amharic. C. I study many subjects. 2. What grade are you in? A. I am in 5th grade. B. I am in 6th grade. C. I am in 8th grade. 3. What subjects are you studying? A. Math, Amharic, science, geography, and English. B. Math, history, science, geography, and English. C. Math, chemistry, science, geography, and English. 4. What is your favorite subject? A. English B. Geography C. Science 5. Are you a good student? A. Im very good at English, but Im bad at math. B. Im very good at geography, but Im bad at math. C. Im very good at chemistry, but Im bad at math.

10. Working with a partner, come up with similar dialogues using expressions from Exercise 9. 11. Working in small groups, describe the following pictures. Come up with ages for the students and the teacher, their names, the subjects they study/teach, what theyre doing right now, what they are wearing, if they seem to like their class and their teacher, etc.

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12. Listen to and read the following text about the students schedule, and then answer the questions below. There will be the new word busy in the text. Try to guess the meaning from the context: I have a busy schedule. I work six hours every day, and I have six classes at school every day. Did you guess what busy schedule" means? Good job! AEAAEEA EAEAEEA EEAEA AEAAA EAAE EAAEEE

A. B. C. D. E. F. G. H.

What is the students name? Where does he/she go to school? What does he/she study? What is his/her schedule on Monday, Wednesday and Friday? What is his/her schedule on Tuesday and Thursday? Does the student have a job? When does the student do homework? What does the student want to do after finishing school?

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Go over the text from Exercise 12 again. Tell the class about your schedule. Use the questions after the text as an outline for your story.

2. Look at the pictures and say what you see. Include the grade the students are in, the subjects they are studying, what the teacher is doing, what the students and teachers are wearing, etc.

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Vocabulary List
Art Basketball Biology Blackboard Chair Chalk Chemistry Class College/University Computer Desk Elementary School English Grade High School History Homework Literature Math Middle School Music Notebook Pen Pencil Photography Reading Student Subject(s) Tape recorder Teacher To like To read To study To write Listen to the recording and take notes. Put your pencils down. Write your answer on the blackboard. Open your textbooks. Raise your hand! Write down your homework, please. Sene tibeb Basketball Biology Tikur selieda Wenber Chalk chemistry kefell College/university computer desk Andegna derega English( engelizegna) Wetait Huletegna derega History(tarik) Yebait sera Sine tibeb Hisab Mekakelegna derega Musika Debter Skirbito Ersas Photography Nebab Temari Ye temherit aynet Tape yemikeda Astemari Meuded Manbeb Matnat metsaf Yetekedawen semu ena Masetawesha safu Ersas-achehun askemtu Melse blackboard lie safu Debter geletu Ege ansu Yebait sera safu

/ A E () E A A E EA EA

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Answer Key
4a. Are you a good student? Teru temari neh? ? What will you do after school? Ketemehert behuala menn taregalh? ? What do you like to do after school? Ketemehrtbait beheual menn taregalh? ? 9. 1. What do you do at school? ? temhert bait menn teseraleh? C. I study many subjects. EA ene bezu subject atenalewu 2. What grade are you in? ? centegna kefel neh? B. I am in 6th grade. ene sedestegna kefel negn E 3. What subjects are you studying? menn subject eyatenah newu? ? A. Math, Amharic, science, geography, and English. hisab, Amaregna, science, geography, ena Engelizegna. AEE 4. What is your favorite subject? yemetwedew subject menden neo? ? B. Geography Geography O Yes, Im a good student. Auo teru temari negn A I will go to college; I want to be a doctor. Ene college haydalew doctor mehon felgalew E After school I like to listen to music Ketemhertbait beheuala muzika mesmat wedalwu

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5. Are you a good student? ante teru temari neh? A? C. Im very good at chemistry, but Im bad at math. ene be chemistry betam teru negn genn be hisab metfo negn E 12. My name is Berhane Assefa. I am a student at Addis Abeba University. I study English. I want to be an interpreter. I have a busy schedule. On Monday, Wednesday, and Friday, I go to school at 8:00. After school, at 4:00 p.m., I go to work. I work at a restaurant as a waiter/waitress. After work, at 10 p.m., I go home. On Tuesday and Thursday, I go to class at 10 a.m. After school, at 12:00, I go to the library. I work at the library three hours in the afternoon. I do my homework on the weekends and in the mornings. Seme Berhane Assefa newu. ene Addis Abeba University temari negn. Ene engelizegna atenalewu. Ene asterguami mehon felegalew. Ene bezu sera alegn. segno, erob, ena areb tmehert bait haydalewu.ene be sement se-at temhert bait haydalew. Ke temehrt bit behaula be arat se-at sear haydalewu. Ene megeb bait wost astenagage negn .ke sera behuala bu aser se-at bait haydadlew maksegno ena hamus bu aser se-at kefel haydalewu.ke tehert bait behaula library haydalewu. Ene library wost sost se-at kes-at seralewu .ye bait sera kedame ena ehud ena teuat seralewu. A. What is the students name? Her name is Berhane Assefa. B. Where does she go to school? She goes to Addis Abeba University. C. What does she study? She studies English. D. What is her school schedule on Monday, Wednesday and Friday? She goes to school from 8:00am until 4:00pm. E. What is her schedule on Tuesday and Thursday? She goes to class at 10am then at 12:00 she goes to the library to study for three hours. F. What job does she have and when does she work? She works as a waitress in restaurant from 4:00 to 10:00pm on Monday, Wednesday and Friday. G. When does the student do homework? She does homework on weekends and in the mornings. H. What does the student want to do after finishing school? She wants to be an interpreter.

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Lesson 16 E Meznagna ena ye meznagna gezai Recreation and Leisure


This lesson will introduce you to: - vocabulary related to recreational and leisure activities - ways to discuss hobbies in Amharic.

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

1. Read the sentences with the new vocabulary and try to guess the meaning of unknown words.

E Sewyew ena saityewa yedensalu. Yenesu hobby newu

E Esua muzika techawach nat. piano techawach muzika zegeget lie techawetalech

E EA Esu photo yanesal.esu photo anshi newu

A Yehay andrew newu. yesu hobby quas mechawet nowu

Sewyew terara lie ski yaregal. Yesu hobby ski mareg newu

A Yene guadegna sandy ke kefel behual keseat terotalech

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Wendeme bowling yewedal. Yehay newu yesu hobby

A Ayearu teru behon lejoch hulegize yewagnalu

Yehay wetat lej court lie tennis yechawetal

EE Yene ehit se-el mesal tewedalech

E Wetaderoch denkuan wost carta yechawetalu.Enesu carta mechawet yewedalu

E E Balle ena mist hule Mata bu egir yehaydalu

Hulet wetderoch chess yechawetalu .yenesu hobby newu

E Yehay sewyae guitar yechawetal ena yezefnal

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2. Now listen to the speaker. Check to see if your guesses were correct. Repeat the new words as many times as you need to, in order to feel comfortable with pronunciation. Play Cards To ski Hobby To dance Tennis Tennis court Play piano Musician To take pictures Photographer To play guitar To sing Songs Chess To walk To swim Swimming pool To run To bowl Soccer To paint Mechawet Carta Ski amdreg Hobby Medense Tennis Tennis medat Piano mecahwet Muzkikegna Photo meused Photo anshi Guitar mecahwet Mezfen Zefenoch Chess Meramed Mewagnet Wana botta Merot Bowling Quas (football) Mesal A

3. Listen to the dialogues as you read them. 1. What will they do after school? ketemhert bait behual menn teseralhe? ? A. They will swim after school. ketemhert bait behual wana yehadalu B. They will dance after school. ketemhert bait behuala yedensalu C. They will sing after school. ketemhert bait behuala yezefnalu A. He plays soccer and basketball. esu quas ena basketball yechawetal

2. What sports does he play? esu menn ayenet sport yechawetal?

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EA

3. What does she do today? esua menn taregalech zarai? E?

4. Do you play chess? ante chess techawetalh? A? Do you play guitar? anchi guitar techawetalesh? A? Do you play piano? ante piano techawetalh? A? 5. What are your hobbies? yante hobby menden newu? ?

EE B. He plays soccer and volleyball. esu quas ena volleyball yechawetal EE C. He plays soccer and tennis. esu quas ena tennis yechawetal EE A. She sings songs. esua zefen tezefnalch. E B. She paints pictures. esua se-el teselalech EE C. She takes pictures. esua photo tanesalech. E A. Yes, I play chess. auo, ene chess echawetalwu AEE B. No, I play the piano. I , ene piano echawetalwu AEE C. Yes, I play the piano. auo ene piano echawetalwu AE A. I like to run and take pictures. ene merot ena photo mansat wedalewu EE B. I like to read and swim. ene manbeb ena mewagnet wedalewu EE C. I like to walk and play soccer ne bu egir mehayd ena quas mecahwet wedalewu EEE

4. Work with a partner. Take turns reading the dialogues in Exercise 3.

5. Work with a partner or in a small group. Make up exchanges using the models and phrases from Exercise 3.

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6. Reconstruct the questions. Check your work with the answer key. A. - .? - AEE oewu ene chess echawetalewu. B. - .? - AEE oewu ene piano echawetalewu. C. -? - E yene hobby merot ena photo mansat newu D. - ? - EE esu quas ena basketball yechawetal E. - ? - E yene hobby manbeb ena mewagnet newu F. - .? - EEE esua bu egir mehaid ena guitar mechawet tewedalech

7. Read the following text, noting the new vocabulary. Check the grammar note for some explanations. From - ke Eske - to Also and too are the same in Amharic. Too - simply add the sound M at the end of a word. Example: I work from Monday to Friday. In Amharic the form is: subject + from + time + to + time + infinitive verb ene ke segno eske areb seralwe EEA The form too is used as follows: who + too + infinitive/person Enem merot wedalew./I like running too. (Notice the letter -m added at the end of Ene.) E

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AEEAAE AEEAE EE8.30 E3.00 AAE 4.00 E6.00 AEEE EEEEEE EEEEEE EEE E

Seme Berhane Alula neo.ene ke Dire Dawa. Ene Unity college ehaydalew Addis abeba , shewa wost. Ene bezu sera alegn kefill ena hobby . ene computer science atenalew ena le university quas budin echawetalew . ene kefel ke 8.30 eske ke 3.00 se-at alegn. ene ke temhirt behuala quas lememed hule ke 4.00 eske 6.00 alegn . ene quas mechawet wedalewu . yene guadegnoch ena ene kedame ena ehud chemer enechawetalen. ene wana m mewagnet ena guitar mechawet ewedalew .ene guitar teru echawetalwe . yehay kedame ena ehud ene ena guadegoche yezefen zegegit stadium Debre berhane enehaydalen . egna yemenwedat zefagn eza tenoralech.ke zefen zegegit behuala megeb bait hayden rat enbelalen.

8. Read the above text as many times as you want to and mark the following statements as either True or False. Check your answers. A. _____Berhane Alula is from Addis Ababa. B. _____He is a student at Unity College in Mekele, Tigray. C. _____ Berhane studies chemistry. D. _____ Berhane plays on the university soccer team. E. _____ He has class every day from 8:30 to 3:00. F. _____Berhane likes to swim and play the piano. H. _____After the concert Berhane will go home to do his homework.

9. Working with a partner or in a small group, come up with the description of a busy schedule. Use the statements from Exercise 8 as an outline for your story. The pictures given below can help you to choose the activities to describe.

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Most Ethiopians, even the poor, take time to do some kind of recreational activity. In addition to playing soccer, swimming, dancing and running, families and/or friends gather for the traditional coffee ceremony. This is not only a tradition and recreation, but also a time when people share what is going on in their lives. Also, in the afternoon after work, men and women gather to chew khat, an herb that grows in Ethiopia, for relaxation. Khat is like coffee; it originated in Ethiopia and is harvested along with coffee.

10. a. Listen to the vocabulary as you look at the pictures. Try to match the Amharic words with the pictures. Check the answer key.

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5 wana botta/ quase maida/ tennis court / bowling/ gymnasium/ stadium/

10. Listen to the statements and mark the ones that you hear. Check your work with the answer key. 1. A. She will swim after school. B. She will dance after school. C. She will sing after school. A. He likes to play soccer and basketball. B. He likes to play soccer and volleyball. C. He likes to play soccer and tennis. A. She doesnt sing, but she plays piano. B. She doesnt paint pictures, but she takes photographs. C. She doesnt dance, but she sings. A. Do you play chess? B. Do you play guitar? C. Do you play piano? A. What are your hobbies? B. What are your hobbies? C. What are your hobbies? No, I play checkers. No, I play piano. Yes, I play piano. I like to run and sing. I like to read and dance. I like to walk and play cards.

2.

3.

4.

5.

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11. Work with a partner. Look at the pictures and make up dialogues about someones hobbies. Use the models and phrases from Exercise 10.

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End-of-Lesson Tasks.

1. Answer the following questions in Amharic. A. B. C. D. E. What is your favorite sport or recreational activity? How often do you participate in your activity? What is your favorite hobby? What did you do last weekend? What will you do next weekend?

2. Work with a partner or in a small group. In Amharic, describe the pictures below, using the vocabulary you have learned in this lesson.

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Vocabulary List
Bowling alley Bowling Cards Chess Computer science Gymnasium Hobby Paint pictures Playing field To bowl To dance To play chess, cards; play soccer, volleyball; play a piano, a guitar To run To sing To ski To swim To take pictures Soccer field Songs Stadium Swimming pool Tennis Tennis court Bowling bota Bowling Carta Chess Computer science Gymnasium hobby Se-el mesal Mechawcha maida Bowling Medenese Chess/carta/quase/vollyball/ piano/guitar mechawet Merot Mezfen Ski amreg Mewagnet Photo mansat Quase maida Zefen Stadium wana bota Tennis Tennis meda E /// /

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Answer Key
6. A. - Do you play chess.? /chess techawetalh? ? - Yes, I play chess. /auo chesss echawetalew AE B. Do you play the piano ?/piano techawetalh? ? - Yes, I play the piano. / auo piano echawetalew AE C. -What are your hobbies ?/yenete hobby menden neo? ? - My hobbies are running and taking pictures./yene hobbie merot ena photo amnsat neo. E D. - What does he do?/esu menn yeseral? E? - He plays soccer and basketball./esu quais ena basketball yechawetal EE E. - What are your hobbies?/yante hobby menden noe? ? - My hobbies are reading and swimming./yene hobie manbeeb ena mewagnet neo E F. - What is her hobby?/ysua hobby menden neo ? - She likes to walk and play guitar./esu be-egir mehaid ena guitar mechawet tewedalech EEE 8. AEEAAE AEEAE EE8.30 E3.00 AAE

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4.00 E6.00 AEEE EEEEEE EEEEEE EEE E My name is Berhane Alula. I study at the University in Addis Ababa. I am very busy with my classes and my hobbies. I study computer science, and I play on the university soccer team. I have class every day from 8:30 to 3:00 in the afternoon. After school I have soccer practice every day from 4:00 to 6:00. I like to play soccer. My friends and I play on the weekends too. I also like to swim and to play the guitar. Im not very good at the guitar. This weekend my friends and I will go to a concert at the stadium in Debre Zeit. Our favorite singer will sing. After the concert we will go home and eat dinner.

A. ___T_ Berhane Alula is from Addis Ababa. B. ___F__ He is a student at the university in Mekele, Tigray. C. ___F__Berhane studies chemistry. D. ___T__Berhane plays on the university soccer team. E. ___T__ He had class every day from 8:30 to 3:00. F. ___F__ Berhane likes to swim and play the piano. H. ___F__After the concert Berhane will go home to do his homework. 10. a. Swimming pool wana botta Soccer Field quas maida Tennis court tennis court Bowling Alley bowling Gymnasium gymnasium Stadium stadium 10. 1. 1. A. She will swim after school. A. E esua ke temhert bait behuala tewagnalech B. He likes to play soccer and volleyball. B. EE esu quas ena volleyball mechawet yewedal C. She doesnt dance, but she sings. C. EA esua atdensem genn tezefnalech

2. 2.

3. 3.

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4. 4.

A. Do you play chess? A. ? chess techawetalh?

No, I play checkers. AE i, checkers echawetalew.

5. 5.

B. What are your hobbies? I like to read and dance. B. ? EE yante hobbioch menden nachew? Ene manbeb ena medenese wedalew

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Lesson 17 E Taina ena yesew sewnet Health and the Human Body
This lesson will introduce you to: - vocabulary related to the human body - asking questions about a persons state of health - answering questions about health conditions - typical exchanges at the doctors office.

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

1. Listen as the speaker recites the vocabulary. Abdomen Arm Back Chest Chin Ear Elbow Eye Face Fingers Foot/Feet Genitals Hair Hand Hod Ege Gerba Deret Agech Gorro Kern Ayen Feet Tat Egir/egroch Belit Segur Ege E A A E E Head Hip Knee Leg Mouth Neck Nose Pelvis/groin Shoulder Stomach Toes Tooth/Teeth Waist Ras Dale Gulbet Egir Af Anget Afnecha Mahesen Tekesha Hod Yegir tat Ters/tersoch Wegeb E A A A E /

2. In Amharic, name the body parts that come in pairs. Check your answer.

3. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate body part in Amharic. Check your work with the answer key.

eyen A

gorro

egir E

egir E

ras

ege

anget A

af A

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A. Ene be ____________ mesehaf anebalewu. E____A B. Ene muzika be _____________ esemalewu. E____E C. Be egir mehayd lene ____________teru newu EE_____ D. Ene kalsi ena chama _____________ lie aregalewu EE______A E. Bu zenab, ene kofeya __________ lie guanti ___________ lie ena sharp __________ lie aregalewu E____________E____A F. Ene megeb ena yemiteta__________________ wesdalewu EE________

The verb to feel and to be sick. To feel/ mesemat I feel/ ene yesemagnal E She feels/ esua yesematal E Subject + feel + good or . To be sick /metamem I am sick /ene amognal EA She is sick/ esua amuata EA Subject + is + sick

How do you feel? Endate yesemahal? (M) E? Endate yesemashal? (F) E? Endate yesemawotal? (older person or more formal) E?

I feel sick. Ene hemem yesemagnal E I feel weak/weakness. Ene dekam yesemagnal. E I feel bad. Ene metfo yesemagnal E I have a sore throat. Ene gorroro amonal EA I have a fever. Ene tekusalt alegn I have a headache. Ene ras metat alegn EA

What symptoms do you have? Endate yaregehal? (M) E? Endate yaregeshal? (F) E?

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Where does it hurt? Yet botta newu yemiyameh? (M) ? Yet botta newu yemiamesh? (F) ? Yet botta newu yemiyamot? (older person or more formal) ?

My left ankle hurts. Yene gerra kurchemchemit yamegnal My back hurts. ene gerbayen yamegnal E My stomach hurts. Ene hodain yamegnal E

4. Listen to the following questions and answers, and read along in the workbook. A. How do you feel? I feel sick. endate yesemahal? Ene amognal E? EA B. What is the matter with her? Her leg hurts. Esua menne honalech? Yesua egirone amuatal E? EA C. How do you feel? My head hurts. Endate yesemahal? Rasain yamegnal E? D. Are you in pain? Yes, my arm is broken. yamehal? Oewo egai tesebrual ? AE E. Where does it hurt? My stomach hurts. Yetu garr newu yemiyameh? Hodain amognal ? A F. Are you sick? No, Im pregnant. Hemme yesemashal? I erguz negn ? AE G. Are you OK? I dont feel good. I feel nauseous and have a stomachache. Ante dehena neh? Ene amognal. Ene wede lie yelegnal(yaqleshelesnal) ena hodain amognal. A? EA()EA H. Are you taking any medication? Yes, over-the-counter ones. Medhanit eyweesdik newu ? Oewo ke medhanit bait E? A

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5. Working with a partner, role-play the dialogues from Exercise 4.

6. Match each picture with the corresponding statement. Check the answer key.

1. wetatua sait alamematm. Esua erguz nat AEE 2. teneshu lej tekusat alat, guroro meabet, ena yesawent kurtmat, esu tasnetesalech ena salle alet. Esua goonfan alat AEE EAEA 3. teneshi lej wede lie yelewal ena hoduin amotal EA

7. Work with a partner. Role-play the doctor and patient. Use the questions from Exercise 5 as a model. Use the phrases from Exercise 6 to describe your symptoms.

8. Listen to and read the list of the typical symptoms for each ailment. Flu Fever Sore throat Body aches Sneezing Coughing Gunfan Tekusat Guroro mabet Sewnet kurtemat Masnetes Masalle 247

Head cold Congestion Sore Throat Sneezing Coughing Severe Pain Broken Bone Swelling Pain Bleeding Sprain Bruise Swelling

Gunfan Metafen Guroro mabet Masnetes Masalle Betam sekaye (hemem) Egir sebrat Mabet Hemem(sekaye) Medmatt Welemta Senber Mabet

/ E ()

9. Look at the chart of symptoms in Exercise 9. Work with a partner or in a small group. Develop the questions the doctor can ask about ones symptoms to be able to diagnose the problem.

1 ft = 30 cm, 1 inch = 2.5 cm, 100 cm = 1 meter, 1 lb = 0.454 kg. - How tall is he, and how much does he weigh? EE? Yesu kumet ena kebdet cent nowu? - He is 70 tall and weighs 185 pounds. E70 E185 Yesu kumet 70 ena kebdetu 185 pound newu - How tall are you? How much do you weigh? A? ? Ante kumet cent neh? Ante cent tekebdalh? - I am 66 inches tall and weigh 120 pounds. E66 IE120 Ene kumetaie 66 inches kebdetaie 120 pound negn

10. Work with a partner. Take turns asking each other about your height and weight. Do not forget to use the units of measure appropriate for Ethiopia.

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11. Listen to the speaker and read the statements below. Translate them into English. Check your work with the answer key. A. Endate yesemahal(M) yesemashal(F)? E/? Dehna ayesemagnem. Wede lie yelegnal A B. Endate yesemahal(M) yesemashal(F)? E/? Ene dehena negn genn tenesh wede lie yelegnal E C. Endate yesemahal(M)? yesemashal(F)? E/? Ene dehena ayedlehum genn wede lie ayelegnem EAA D. Egeray tesebrual meselegn. Bakhen ambulance tera EA E. Yesu egir tesebrual meselegn. Bakhen ambulance tera EA F. Esu egirun tesebrul? Meselegn. Bakhen ambulance tera EE? A

12. What do you hear? Listen to the speaker and mark the statement that you hear. Check your work with the answer key. 1. A. B. C. 2. A. B. C. 3. A. B. C. 4. A. B. C. Where does it hurt? My stomach hurts. Where does it hurt? My back hurts. Where does it hurt? My neck hurts. What are your symptoms? I have a fever and a headache. What are your symptoms? I have a fever and a stomachache. What are your symptoms? I have a fever and my body aches. How do you feel? I dont feel well. Im nauseous. How do you feel? I feel fine, but Im a little nauseous. How do you feel? I dont feel well, but Im not nauseous. I think I broke my leg. Please call an ambulance! I think he broke his leg. Please call an ambulance! Did he break his leg? I think so, please call an ambulance!

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Ask and answer the following questions in Amharic. Check the answer key. A. When you have the flu, what are your symptoms? B. Are you taking any medications? C. Have you ever broken a bone? If yes, which one(s)? D. What is your height and weight? E. How often do you see a doctor? Every month? Every year? Every 3 years?

2. Tell the class what you do in order to keep a healthy weight? Do you exercise? What types of exercise do you do? How often and for how long do you exercise? Do you have a special diet? What kind? What do you eat and what dont you eat? Give an example of your menu. What do you order when you eat out, and how does it affect your diet the next day?

3. Work with a partner or in a small group. Describe the picture below.

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Vocabulary List
Abnormal Allergies Ambulance Arm Chest Chin Are you in pain? Are you taking any medication? Body aches Broken bone Bruise Call an ambulance! Congestion Coughing Ear Elbow Eye Fingers Foot Feel Fever Flu/Influenza Hand Head Hip Knee Help! How do you feel? Hurt Leg Mouth Nose Neck Medicine Nausea Pain Pregnant Shoulder Toes Yaltelemede semait Allergy Ambulance Kende Deret Agech Yamehal? Medhanit lie not? Yesewnit kurtemat Yetesebere atent Sember Ambulance teru Metafen Salle Afencha Kern Ayen Tat Egir Mesemat Tekusat Goonfan Ege Ras Dale Gulbet Erdugn Menn yesemahal? Megodat Egir Afe Afencha Anget Medhant Makleshlesh Himem Erguz Tekesha Yeegir tat A A A ? ? A A A A E E E ? E A A A E E

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Waist Sick Sneezing Sore throat Stomach Stomach cramps Strain Swelling Symptoms What is the matter? Where does it hurt?

Wegib Metamem Massnetis Guroro mabet Hod Yehod kurtet Wegat Mabet Madreg Menn honehal?(M) Menn honeshal?(F) Yetu garr newu yemiyameh?(M) Yetu garr newu yemiamesh?(F)

? ? ? ?

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Answer Key
2. ears, elbows, eyes, feet, hands, knees, shoulders, arms, legs, hips joro,kern,ayen,egir,eje,gulbet,tekesha,ege,egir,dalle ,,A,E,E,,,E,E, 3. eyes ayen A ears joro legs egir E feet egir E head ras hand eje E neck anget A mouth afe A

G. H. I. J. K.

I use my eyes to read a book. I listen to music with my ears. Walking is good for my legs. I wear shoes and socks on my feet. In the winter, I wear a hat on my head, gloves on my hands. and a scarf around my neck.

A. ene be ayen mesef anebalew. EAA B. ene muzika bu joro esemalew. EE C. be egir mehaid lene egir teru neo. EEE D. ene kalsi ena chama eger lie aregalew.EEA E. be zenab,ene kofeya ras lie guanti eje lie ena sharp anget lie aregalew. EEEAA 6. B The young woman is not sick. She is pregnant. A The little girl has a fever, a sore throat, and body aches, and she is sneezing and coughing. She has the flu. C The little boy is nauseous and has a stomachache. 11. A. How do you feel? Endate yesemahal(M) yesemashal(F)? E/?

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- I dont feel well. Im nauseous. Dehna ayesemagnem. Wede lie yelegnal A B. - How do you feel? Endate yesemahal(M) yesemashal(F)? E/? - I feel fine, but Im a little nauseous. Ene dehena negn genn tenesh wede lie yelegnal E C. How do you feel? Endate yesemahal(M)? yesemashal(F)? E/? -I dont feel well, but Im not nauseous. Ene dehena ayedlehum genn wede lie ayelegnem EAA D. I think I broke my leg. Please call an ambulance! Egeray tesebrual meselegn. Bakhen ambulance tera EA E. I think he broke his leg. Please call an ambulance! Yesu egir tesebrual meselegn. Bakhen ambulance tera EA F. Did he break his leg? I think so. Please call an ambulance! Esu egirun tesebrul? Meselegn. Bakhen ambulance tera EE? A 12. 1. A. Where does it hurt? My stomach hurts. yetu garr newu yemiyameh?(M) hodain amognal ?A 2. B. What are your symptoms? I have a fever and a stomachache. endate newu yemiyaregsh?(F) ene tekusat ena ras metat alegn E? EEA 3. C. How do you feel? I dont feel well, but Im not nauseous. endate yesemaotal?(older person,formal) ene dehana ayedelehum genn wede lie aylegnem E? EAA 4. A. I think I broke my leg. Please call an ambulance! egray teseber meselegn. Ebakot ambulance teru! EEA

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End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. A. gunfan senorh endate yesemahal? E? Tekusat ena sale alegn EA B. medhanit eywesedk neo? auo asprin wesgalew E?AA C. atentehn tesebreh takaleh? Auo kehone yetegnwoch? A? A D. cent neo kumeteh ena kebdeteh? Aned meter ke seba ena seba kilo ? AE E. bu cent gezai neo doctor yemtayew? Bu yeweru? Bu yametu? Bu yesost Ametu? Ene doctor bu yametu ayalew ? ? ? A? EA

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Lesson 18 EAA Politicawe ena ye alem akef Political and International Events

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

This lesson will introduce you to: - The vocabulary associated with politics and international issues - How they are reported in the Ethiopian news - How to read and understand political events written in Amharic newspapers.

GOVERNMENT
Ethiopia adopted a new constitution that established the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia in 1995. The federal government is responsible for national defense, foreign relations, general politics and common interests and benefits. The Federal States comprise nine autonomous states vested with authority for self-administration. The FDRE is structured along the lines of a bicameral parliament, with the upper chamber representatives being the highest authority of the federal government, while the lower chamber represents the Prime Minister Meles Zanawi common interests of the nations, nationalities and people of the states. Council members are elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term. The Federal State is headed by a constitutional president and the Federal government by the Prime Minister who is accountable to the council of the peoples representative. Each autonomous state is headed by a state president elected by the state council. The judiciary is constitutionally independent. The current leader is Prime Minister Meles Zenawi, and the president is President Girma Welede Gorges. The main problem facing Ethiopia is famine and the conflict with Eritrea. Also a big social problem is the rapid spread of HIV killing millions in Ethiopia. Ethiopia is one of the poorest nations in the world; however, in recent years, it has shown much progress in implementing a democratic government for the first time in Ethiopian history. There is some racial and religious tension in some regions, but there are no major radical parties.

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1. Familiarize yourself with the political terms. Government Prime minister President Leader (ruler) Dictator Parliament Ministry Election Official/Officials Political party Vote Republic State Democracy/democratic Term of office Policy Human rights Religious Racial Radical World Conflict War Invade/invasion Nuclear bombs/weapons Mengest Teklie minister Meri (president) Meri Amba genen meri Parliament Minister mercha Balle-seltan/balle-seltanoch Yepoletica maheber mercha Yemengest astedader agger democracy/democratic Yemengest gezai akuwam(eked) Sebawe mebet Himanotegna Yezer Akrari Alem Gegit Tornet Werera Nuclear bomb/mesaria / A / A A AE A A A /

2. Listen to and read the following statements. While reading, note the use of the new vocabulary. The Iraqi leader The Russian officials The South African government Religious differences Middle East conflict The war in Iraq The radical political party Islamic fundamentalism Ye iraq meri Ye Russia Ye deboob Africa mengest Ye himanot leyouney Ye mekakelegn mesrak gegit Ye iraq tornet Tekawami poletical party Akrari eslemena I A I AE

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The President of the United States is George Bush. Ye America president George Bush newu A Japan and Great Britain have prime ministers. Japan ena engeliz teklie minister alachewu EEA This was the first political election in that country. Bu ezi ager yehay yemegemeria ye poletica mercha newu A Human rights are a very important issue in the world today. Seb-awe mebt be zarai weket asfelagi gudie newu A/AE

THE MEDIA Although the state controls radio and television, the print and broadcast media have seen dramatic changes since the communist dictator Mengistu Haile Mariam was deposed. Deregulation has been on the rise for some years. Would-be private radio broadcasters were given license application forms in 2004. Some opposition groups beam radio broadcasts to Ethiopia using hired short-wave transmitters from overseas. The number of privately owned newspapers has grown; some are available on line. The relationship between the press and the government has somewhat been uneasy, and media rights organizations have expressed concern about the possible jailing of journalists. THE PRESS Zemen - state-owned daily newspaper Ethiopian Herald - state-owned English-language daily Menelik - private, weekly Addis Admas - private, weekly Seifenebelbal - private, weekly Tobya - private, weekly Wonchif - private, weekly Tomar - private, weekly The Reporter - private, English-language web pages The Sun - private, English-language weekly Addis Tribune - private, English-language weekly Capital - English-language, business weekly TELEVISION Ethiopian Television (ETV) - state-owned

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RADIO Radio Ethiopia - state-owned, operates National Service and External Service Voice of Tigray Revolution - Tigray Regional State government radio Radio Fana - founded in 1994 by the ruling party NEWS AGENCIES Walta Information Centre (WIC) - privately owned, pro-government Ethiopian News Agency (ENA) - state-owned

3. Listen to and read the following news report from Ethiopia. Then answer the questions that follow in Amharic and English. Check your work with the answer key. A15 IAA A AAE 6 AAOAI 200AAEAA 15 EA A

1. When is the Ethiopian election? 2. How many international observers will be present? 3. How much money have donor counties pledged? 4. How many others will be deployed to monitor the election? 5. What other organization is monitoring the election on a long-term mission? 4. Work in small groups. Pretend that you are a crew working for a news program. Come up with a short description of a political event. Use the questions from Exercise 3 as an outline for your report.

5. Work in a small group or with a partner. Go over the information on the political system in Ethiopia one more time. Recall the information in the Amharic Report to your teacher and to the class.

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International Geography

Ethiopian flag I

Ethiopia is located in the horn of Africa, bordered by the Sudan on the west, Somalia and Djibouti to the east, Eritrea on the north and Kenya on the south. It covers an area of approximately 444,000 square miles. The varied topography of the country generally features rugged mountains, flat-topped plateaus river canyons, rolling plains and lowlands. The major river basins include: the Blue Nile, Baro, Omo, Tekeze and Wabe shebele. The great valley divides the Ethiopian high lands, as it traverses the country from north to south. Alpine vegetation features the highland, while woodlands, savanna and semi-arid terrain characterize the lowland.

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6. Read the information about Ethiopia. Answer the questions. A. B. C. D. Where in Africa is Ethiopia located? What are the bordering countries of Ethiopia? Is Ethiopia a landlocked country? What is the longest river in Ethiopia?

7. Listen to the speaker and follow along in your book. Afghanistan/Afghani Canada/Canadian China/Chinese Denmark/Danes Egypt/Egyptian England/English Finland/Finns France/French Germany/German Great Britain/British India/Indian Indonesia/Indonesian Afghanistan/Afghanistan-awe Canada/Canada-we China/china-we Denmark/denmark-awe Gebts/gebts-awe Engeliz/engeliz-awe Finland/finland-awe Furensi/furensi-awe German/german-awe Engeliz/engeliz-awe Hind/hind-awe Indonesia/Indonesia-we 261 A/A / / / / E/E / / / E/E / I/I

Iran/Iranian Iraq/Iraqi Ireland/Irish Israel/Israeli Italy/Italian Japan/Japanese Korea/Korean Kuwait/Kuwaiti Mexico/Mexican Netherlands/Dutch Norway/Norwegian Pakistan/Pakistani Philippines/Filipino Russia/Russian Saudi Arabia/Saudi Scotland/Scot South Africa/ South African Spain/Spanish Sweden/Swede Syria/Syrian Thailand/Thai Vietnam/Vietnamese Wales/Welsh North America Central America South America Western Europe Central Europe Eastern Europe Middle East Southwest Asia Southeast Asia Africa Australia Eastern Asia Arctic Antarctic Pacific Rim

Iran/iran-awe Iraq/iraq-awe Ireland/Ireland-awe Israel/Israel-awe Taliyan/taliyan-awe Japan/japan-we Korea/ korea-we Kuwait/Kuwait-awe Mexico/Mexican-awe holand/holand-awe Norway/Norwegian-awe Pakistan/Pakistan-awe Philippine/philippin-awe Russia/Russia-we Saudi Arabia/Saudi Arabia-we Scotland/Scotland-we Deboob Africa/ deboob Africa-we Spain/spain-awe Sweden/Sweden-awe Soria/soria-we Thailand/Thailand-awe Vietnam/Vietnam-awe Wales/wales-awe Semain America Mekakelegna America Deboob America Me-erab auropa Mekakelegna auropa Mesrak auropa Mekakelegna mesrak Deboob me-erab asia Deboob mesrak asia Africa/Africa-we Australia/austalia-we Mesrak asia Arctic Antarctica Ruk mesrak

I/I A/I A/A E/E / / / / / / / / / / A/A / A/ A / / / / / / A A A EA A A E A/A A/A A A

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Ene amereica-we negn. I am an American. EA Ene ke America negn. I am from America. EA Esu japan-awe neo. He is Japanese. E Esu ke japan neo. He is from Japan. E Enante gebs-awe nechew? Are you (plural) Egyptian? E? Auo egna gebs-awe nen. Yes, we are Egyptian. AE Enesu furenc-awe nachew. They are French. E

8. Listen to and read the dialogues about nationality. Note the ways to determine ones nationality. Are you from Syria? A/A/? Ante/anchi ke soria neh /nesh? Are you American? A/AA// Ante/ anchi ke America neh/nesh? What are you? A/A/? Ante/anchi mennden neh/nesh? Where are you from? A/A/? Ante/anchi ke yet neh/nesh Are you Indonesian? A/AI/? Ante/anchi Indonesia-we neh/nesh? Are you from Afghanistan? A/AA? Ante/anchi ke Afghanistan neh/nesh? No, Im from Egypt. Im an Egyptian. AE I ene ke gebs neg. ene gebs-awe negn. No, Im Canadian. AE I ene Canada-we negn Im Vietnamese. E Ene Vietnam-awe negn Im from India. Im Indian. EE Ene ke hinde negn.ene hind-awe negn Yes, Im Indonesian. I live in Jakarta. AEIIE Auo ene Indonesia-we negn.Indonesia noralewu I live in Afghanistan, but I am Pakistani. EA Ene Afghanistan newu yemenorewu genn ene Pakistanawe negn

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9. Working with a partner, complete the dialogues. Check your work with the answer key. 1. - ante Vietnam-awe neh..? A? - auo ene Vietnam-awe negn AE 2. - anchi America-we nesh? AA? - I ene America-we ayedelehum ene Canada-we negn AEAAE 3. - ante afghanistan neo woynes Pakistan yemetnorew..? AA - ene Pakistan neo yemenorewu genn Afghanitan-awe negn EA 4. - enante iraq-awe nachewu..? AI? - oewu egna iraq-we nen AEI

10. What do you hear? The speaker will read one word from each line of text. Mark the word that you hear. Check your answers with the answer key. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. A A A I I I E E

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Translate the following headlines into English. Check the answer key. 1. AA yewoch gudaye minister addis ambassador le gebse seyeme. 2. I170 A Ye European mehaber 170 yemihonu geleseboch mercha lemetazeb yemetalu. 3. IA etiopia ye Ugandan abeba gebeya letewesd techelalech 4. AE UNESCO ye aksum hawelt ke taliyan endimeles yeredal 5. IA ye etiopia cargo ayer menged be Uganda lie wedeke.

2. Listen to and read the following news report from Ethiopia, then answer the questions that follow.

41 E
(AA) 23, 2005

AA E/E41,895,884 E 1 2005 EEA2007 E EA20,889,452 A21,006,432 AE EAE EEOEIEEE EIAE

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AAEE E A 31,000 E2000 38 A A3,361,966.20 EE 38 AEE E AE

1. How much money will be allocated the first year? cent genzeb yeserachal yemegemeria amet? A? 2. Which is the group most vulnerable to HIV infection in Ethiopia? betam yetegodu sewoch manne nachew? ? 3. How many facilities will there be in the treatment center? cent derejet/bota le hekemena ale? /A? 4. When will the funding begin and end? erdataw meche yejemeral ena yalekal? E? 5. Where was the global meeting held? ye alem sebseba yet neo yenebereew? A? 3. Work with a partner or in a small group. From the list of the countries above, choose one and give a briefing on its location and political system. Pretend that you are giving a press conference. Your classmates will role-play the news reporters by asking you questions. The following questions may help you in your work: 1. Does this country have a president? Who is the current president? 2. How many political parties are there in this country? 3. Is there a war in this country now? 4. Does this country have a parliament? 5. Is there a democracy in this country? 6. Does this country have a prime minister? 7. Is the leader of this country a dictator? 8. Is this country a republic? 9. What is a specific geographical feature of this country?

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Vocabulary List Conflict Democracy/democratic Dictator Dispute Election Government Human rights Invade/invasion Leader/ruler Ministry Nuclear bombs/weapons Official Parliament Policy Political party President Prime minister Racial Radical Religious Republic State Term of office To kill To vote To invade War World Gechit Democracy/democratic Amba genenn Til Mercha mengest Sebawe mebt Werera Meri minister Nuclear bomb/mesaria Tewekiye parliament Hegg Political deregit Meri(president) Teklay minister Yezer Akrari himanotgna Tewekaye Kilil (kefele-hager) Gezai gedeb Megdel Mercha Mewrer Tornet alem / A A / / / A / A

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Answer Key
3. Compare your answers to the translation. Thousands of Observers to be Deployed in May Polls Some 3,000 observers are to be deployed throughout Ethiopia on 15 May to monitor elections, the Christian Relief and Development Association (CRDA), an umbrella body of civil-society organization, said. Ten donor countries have so far pledged around US$6 million to support the elections- only the third democratic ballot in Ethiopias history. Another 200 international observers are also expected on polling Day while the European Union is fielding a long term, election-observer mission, which is expected to arrive in the country on 15 March. Bushe yemhonu abaloch merchawen lemetazabiwoch genbot yesatefalu Sost she yager abalat bu genbot 15 ye etiopian merach lemegenzeb be addis abea ketama yeserachalu sil ye Christian relief development association tenagrual. Yeredat ager abalatochu eske zare 6 million dollar bumesebseb merchawen lemedegef astewaseo adergewal. Yeh ye democratic merch bu Ethiopia tark wost siderg sostegna gize newu. Kezihem butchemari 200 yalem akef tazabiwoch ena ye auropa andentawe mehaber tewekayoch be 15 genbot yegebalu. Enesum leregym gezay merchawen lemegenzeb be addis abeba yekoyalu. 1. When is the Ethiopian election? 2. How many international observers will be present? 3. How much money has have donor counties pledged? 4. How many others will be deployed to monitor the election? 5. What other organization is monitoring the election on a long term mission? 1.I? 15 (AA 2.AA? AA 3.EAAA? 4.AA 5.? AA 9. 1. - ante Vietnam-awe neh..? A? - auo ene Vietnam-awe negn AE 2. - anchi America-we nesh? AA? - I ene America-we ayedelehum ene Canada-we negn 268

AEAAE 3. - ante afghanistan neo woynes Pakistan yemetnorew..? AA - ene Pakistan neo yemenorew genn Afghanitan-awe negn EA 4. - enante iraq-awe nachew..? AI? - auo egna iraq-we nen AEI 10. 1. Afghanistan A 2. Engeliz E 3. Japan 4. Soreya 5. Gebs Afghanistan England Japan Sryia Egypt

End-of-Lesson Tasks 1. 1 .Foreign ministry names new ambassador to Egypt 2. Europen Union is deploying about 170 election observers. 3. Ethiopia threatens the Ugandan flower market. 4. UNESCO is helping the obelisk Axum to be returned form Italy. 5. An Ethiopian cargo plane crashed in Uganda. 2. 1. How much money will be allocated the first year? $20,889,452. 2. Who are the most vulnerable group of HIV in Ethiopia? Women and children. 3. How many facilities will there be for treatment center? There will be 38 facilities. 4. When will the funding begin and end? It begins on March 1 2005 and ends February 2007. 5. Where was the global meeting held? In Addis Ababa at the Gihon Hotel.

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Lesson 19 wetaderawe The Military

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

This lesson will introduce you to: - Basic military vocabulary - The rank structure of the U.S. Army and Ethiopian military forces; - Names of weapons and army vehicles.

1. What do soldiers do? What do soldiers use? What do soldiers wear? The pictures will help you to guess the meaning of unknown terms. See the answer key if you need help.

enezi wetaderoch uniform (meleyo) lebsewal.egrachew lie bote chama ena rasachew lie yebret kofeya argewal. yebert kofeya rasachewn ke medf,teyet ena fegi yekelakelal.wetaderochu ejachew lie mesaria yezewal. E() EE AE E

Yehay wetader temenga yetekusal

A Yehay wetader ke azagz garr bu radio yenageral

A Yehay wetader tewerwari mesaria alewu

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2. Now listen to the new words and repeat them after the speaker. Soldier Uniform Boots Helmet To protect Artillery Ammunition Explosives Weapons Radio Commander To fire Rifle Rocket launcher wetader uniform (meleyo ) bot chama (boots) ye beret kofeya mekelakel medfegna Teyet fengi mesaria radio azazg metekos temenga tesfentari mesaria / / A

3. Read the statements and match each one with the correct picture. Check the answer key.

1.

2.

3.

A. Esu selamawi sew newu.esu mesaria yelewem. Esu lejoch alut EEEA B Esu wetader newu.esu mesaria alewu EEA C. Wetaderu selamawe sew mesaria endalewu yefeteshal E

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4. Listen to the new words and repeat them after the speaker.

1. Yewetader radio maegenagna Mekina I

2. Fetno derash.

3 Ye-ayer mekawemia A

4. Tank

5. Tank

6. Beret-lebesse

5. Now cover the names of the vehicles with a sheet of paper and name them. Repeat Exercise 4 as many times as you need to, in order to feel comfortable with the new terms. 1. .. 2. .. 3. .. 4. .. 5. .. 6. ..

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6. Listen to the new words and repeat them after the speaker.

1. Mortar (adafne) mortar

2. temenga rifle

3. Metreiuse (Brain) machine gun

4. E Ye-egge bomb grenade

5. Yetekebere fengi mine

6. Shegute gun

7. Tewerwari mesaria (missle) missile

8. Debek mesaria weapons cache

7. Look at the pictures in Exercise 6. Cover the Amharic translations and the English words in Exercise 6. Match each term with the correct picture. Replay the sound as many times as you need to. Check your work with the answer key. A. E B. C. D. A/ E. F. G. H.

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8. In the following lists of items, three belong to the group, but the fourth does not logically belong. Cross it out. Check your work with the answer key. tank temenga meleyo radio ye beret kofeya yetore mekonen ye egge bomb E adafne A wetader carta temenga wetader truck ye beret kofeya selamwe sew minefield meleyao kefel yewetader mekina metreuise azagz A mesaria bott chama azagz A

9. Listen to and translate the following statements. Check your work with the answer key. 1. wetaderoch ye beret kofeya le teyet mekelakeya yaregalu. 2. wetaderoch ye beret kofeya le fengi ena medef mekelakeya yaregalu. E 3. egna selamwe sewen hulu lie mesaria endale enfeteshalen EEE 4. egna yetelat wetader lie mesari endale enfeteshalen EEE

10. What do you hear? Listen to the speaker and mark the statement that you hear. Check your work with the answer key. 1. A. Soldiers wear helmets for protection from explosives. B. Soldiers wear helmets for protection from ammunition and artillery. 2. A. We are searching all civilians for weapons. B. We are searching all enemy soldiers for weapons.

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11. Listen and repeat the new words after the speaker. Army base Minefield Patrol Be careful! Roadblock Base Curfew Checkpoint Barracks In charge of Identification ye torsefer yetekebere fengi yezuria kutetere tetenkek yetagede menged menesha(Base) ye se-at elafi yefetesha bota/(kella) yewotaderwoch menori yehalafi metawekia / AE

12. Fill in the blanks with the correct word from the vocabulary list above. Check your work with the answer key. A. yehay yezuria kuteter newu? - oewu A - mann newu ___________________? ? - ye zuria kuteter meri newu. B. - ___________ ale? A? - ke, 8:00 kemeshetu eske 6:00 ketewatu 8.00 E6.00 C. - ______________________! Yetekebere fengi ale! ! A D. hulum wetaderwoch ena officers metawekia wereket ___________ ena _______________ lie masayet alebachewu EOE A E. ye wetaderoch menoria ____________ mann newu? ? Ezazu Dawit alemu, newu esu halafi newu AAE

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13. Working with a partner, take turns reading and role-playing the dialogues from Exercise 12. 14. Working in a small group, come up with similar dialogues, and then role-play them. 15. Study the list of U.S. Army ranks. Compare them with the Ethiopian military equivalents.

Enlisted Private Corporal Sergeant Sergeant Major Officer Lieutenant Captain Major Lt. Colonel Colonel General

wetader aser aleka meketel yamesa aleka yamesa aleka

AA A A A

meto aleka shamble shaleka Lt.cololen colonel general

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Work with a partner or in a small group. In Amharic, come up with a caption for each picture below.

1. . 2. .. 3.

2. a) Translate the following sentences into English. Check your work with the answer key. A. Debek mesariyawu yet newu? ? B. yezih yezuria kuteter halafi manewu? ? C. fetesha bota setalf metawekia wereket masayet alebeh A D. hulum selamwe sew mesari mefetesh alebet A E. se-at elafi bu 9.00 kemeshetu yegemral. Ahune 9:45 newu. bait temelesu. AE9.00 A9.45 F. wetaderoch becha nachewu wetaderawe menoria megabat yemichelut

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b) Work with a partner or in a small group. Come up with a situation where you can use sentences C, D, E, and F as a reply. Create the first part of the conversation so that you have short dialogues. Role-play them.

3. a) Translate the following into Amharic. Compare your translation against the answer key. A. Please step out of the car. We must search the vehicle for weapons. B. It is after curfew. You must come with me for questioning. C. The weapons cache is on the other side of Checkpoint Delta. D. Be careful. There is a minefield east of the railroad. E. Every soldier needs to have a radio and a map. F. You must know all the checkpoints and roadblocks in this area.

b) Work with a partner or in a small group. Come up with a situation where you can use these sentences as a reply. Create the first part of the conversation so that you have short dialogues. Role-play them.

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Vocabulary List
Ammunition Army base Artillery Barracks Base Be careful! Boots Checkpoint Civilian Commander Curfew Enemy Explosive Grenade Gun Helmet In charge (of a patrol, base) Machine gun Map Military Mine Minefield Missile Mortar Officer Protection Radio Rank Rifle Roadblock Rocket Rocket launcher Search Soldier Tank Uniform Weapons Weapons cache Private Corporal Teyet Yetore serawit sefer Mudfegna Yewetader sefer/menoria Sefer (menesha) Tetenkek Botte chama(boots) Mekotateria botta Wetader yalhone (selamawe sew) Azagz Se-at elafi Telat Fengi Ye ege bomb Shegut Ye beret kofeya Ye.halafi Metreyes Carta Wetaderawe Yetekebere fengi Yeteknere fengi maida Tewerwari mesaria Adafne Yetor mekonen Meklakeya Radio Mu-ereg Tumenga Yetagede menged Tewerwari Tewerwari mesaria Mu-fetesh Wetader Tank Uniform(meleyo) Musaria Debek mesaria Wetader Yaser aleka / / / / A AE EA . A A / A

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Sergeant Sergeant Major Officer Lieutenant Captain Major Lt. Colonel Colonel General

Meketel yamesa aleka Yamesa aleka Mekonen Yemeto aleka Shambel Shaleka Lt.colonel Colonel General

A A A

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Answer Key
1.

These soldiers wear uniforms. They wear boots on their feet and helmets on their heads. The helmets protect their heads from artillery, ammunition, and explosives. The soldiers have weapons in their hands.

This soldier fires his rifle. 3.

This soldier talks on the radio with his commander.

This soldier has a rocket launcher.

A. 3 He is a civilian. He does not have weapons. He has children. Esu selamawi sew neo.esu mesaria yelewem. Esu lejoch alut B. 2 He is a soldier. He has a weapon. Esu wetader neo.esu mesaria alew C. 1 The soldier searches the civilian for weapons. Wetaderu selamawe sew mesaria endalew yefeteshal 7. A. grenade - ye-egge bomb/E B. machine gun - metreiuse (brain) C. rifle - temenga/

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D. mortar - adafne (mortar)/A/ E. mine - yetekebere fengi/ F. weapons cache - debek mesaria/ G. gun - shegute/ H. missile - tewerwari mesaria/ 8. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 9. 1. Soldiers wear helmets for protection from ammunition. 2. Soldiers wear helmets for protection from explosives and artillery. 3. We are searching all civilians for weapons. 4. We are searching all enemy soldiers for weapons. 10. 1. A. Soldiers wear helmets for protection from explosives. 1. A. wetaderoch ye beret kofeya le nefas mekelakeya yaregalu.. 2. B. We are searching all enemy soldiers for weapons. B. egna yetelat wetader lie mesari endale enfeteshalen EEE 12. A. - Is this a patrol? yehay yezuria kuteter neo? - Yes. auo A - Who is in charge? - mann neo _____halafi__? ? - The patrol leader. - ye zuria kuteter meri neo. B. - Is there a curfew? B. - __curfew_ ale? A? - Yes, from 8:00 P.M. to 6:00 A.M. - ke, 8:00 kemeshetu eske 6:00 ketewatu Tank Rifle Uniform Radio Helmet Officer Grenade Mortar Soldier Map Artillery Soldier Truck Helmet Civilian Minefield Uniform Civilian Humvee Machine Gun Commander Weapon Boots Commander

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8.00 E6.00 C. - Be careful! There are mines! ___tetenkek___! Yetekebere fengi ale! ! A D. All soldiers and officers must show their IDs at roadblocks and at checkpoints. . hulum wetaderwoch ena officers metawekia wereket __yetagede menged_________ ena ___yefetaesha bota ____________ lie masayet alebachew EOE A E. - Who is in charge of the barracks? ye wetaderoch menoria ____halafi________ mann neo? ? - The unit commander, Dawit Alemu, is in charge. Ezazu Dawit alemu, noe esu halafi noe. AAE End-of-Lesson Tasks 2. a) A. Where is the weapons cache? B. Who is in charge of this patrol? C. You must show your ID when you pass the checkpoint. D. All civilians must be searched for weapons. E. Curfew starts at 9:00 p.m. Its 9:45 now. Go back to your home. F. Only soldiers may enter the military base. 3. a) A. ebakot ke mekina weredu. egna mekinawen mesaria endalew mefetesh aleben EEA B. ke se-at elafi behula neo. le teyake ke engna garr memtat alebot AEEA C. debbek mesaria bu layla mefetesha bota lie noe D. tetenkek. Bu babour hadid mesrak bekul yetekeber fengi E. hulum wetader radio ena carta endinorew yasfelgewal EE F. ante hulun yetaged menged ena yefetesha bota akababi mawek alebh AEAA

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Lesson 20 Hakim bait wost In the Hospital

VALIDATION COPY 1.0 JUNE 2007

This lesson will introduce you to: - The vocabulary related to the medical emergency and life-saving measures - The terminology related to internal organs - The ways to ask questions about the vital signs.

Health care in Ethiopia is very poor; there is a great shortage of doctors, nurses and medical professionals. Also, there are very few hospitals with modern technology to perform complex surgery or to diagnose illness. There are state-run hospitals in major cities, and several private hospitals and clinics. Most people cannot afford private health care since there is no medical insurance; therefore, they go to state-run hospitals that are free but are not the best. The private hospitals are modern, but only the rich can afford them. People in rural areas have to travel for days to get health care at state hospitals. There is an ER, but the ambulance service is not nearly as efficient as it is in the West, so people do not use it as much.

It is very important to know how to communicate in case of a crisis where medical attention is needed. Students should expect a chaotic situation where it is difficult to do their duties because of mass crowds gathering at the scenes of disasters or at a place where someone is hurt. Everyone will try to intervene, either to help, or to take advantage of the victims. One must always take along a native who speaks the language. In Lesson 17, you already learned the names of human body parts, how to ask questions about a persons state of health, and how to describe health conditions and symptoms of sickness. You also know how to handle the visit to the doctors office. In this lesson, you will familiarize yourself with the vocabulary used for life-threatening health conditions, such as heart attacks, gunshot wounds, severe bleeding, and head injuries.

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1. Go over the text with the pictures. Try to understand the meaning of unknown words from the context.

1 yehay sewyea eggu tegudtul E

2 yechi setyo eggu lie kusel ale EA

3 yehay sewyea ye kosele eggir alew. EA

4 Yehay sewyea ye angeta gudat alew AA

Did you understand the words wound/wounded and injury/injured? Youre right! They are kusel/mekusel and gudat/megodat.

2. Look at the pictures in Exercise 1 and match the number of the picture with the correct definition. Check the answer key. A. ye kosele egir/E B. ye anget gudat/A C. ye kosele egge/E D. ye ras gudat/ picture number _____. picture number _____. picture number _____. picture number _____.

3. Tell your classmates in Amharic if you ever had an injury or/and wounds.

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4. Listen to and read the dialogue between the doctor and the nurse in the emergency room of a military hospital. Note the use of new vocabulary. Doctor: How does Sergeant Samuel feel? Doctor: meketel yamesalke endate nachew? ---E? Nurse: He feels bad, Doctor Hasssan. Nurse: esachew betam tamewal doctor hassan ---E Doctor: What is the matter with him? Doctor : esachew menn honeual? ---E? Nurse: His leg hurts. Nurse: yesachew egirachewn amuachewal ---EEA Doctor: Is it injured? Doctor: tegoudtul? ---? Nurse: Yes. He has a gunshot wound. He is bleeding. Nurse: auo esachew ye bu teyet kuslewl . dem yefedachewal ---AE Doctor: Does he have fever? Doctor esachew tekusalt alachew ---EA Nurse: Yes, he does. Nurse: auo alachew ---AA Doctor: Is he taking any medications? Doctor: esachew medhanit eyewesedu neo? ---EE? Nurse: Yes, antibiotics and painkillers. Nurse: auo antibiotic ena ye sekie medhanit ---AAE

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5. Work with a partner. Role-play the dialogue from Exercise 2.

6. Match each of the pictures with the corresponding statement. Try to guess the meanings of unknown words from the context. Check your answers with the answer key.

A 1. yehay wetader eggir tegodtual E

2. yehay sewyea kofeya alaregem zare. Betam yemok neber. Ahun yesehi mech metotal AA 3. yehay sewyea fasha egu kusel lie zuria temtemual E

7. Listen to the speaker and read along in your textbook. Check the answer key for an English translation.

enezi fasha ena plaster nachew. Ante(M) anchi (F) kusel woynen mekoret lie bu fash meteklel alebeh(M) alebesh(F) nesuh mehon alebet. EEA/A A/AA 287

8. In order to make someone look like the man in the picture below, what will you need?

9. Familiarize yourself with some new medical terminology. Listen as the speaker recites the names of internal organs. Repeat after the speaker.

1 1. heart 2. brain 3. lung 4. kidney 5. liver

2 Lebb Angol Samba Kulaleet Gubet

4 A

10. Fill in the blanks with the appropriate name of the organ in Amharic. Check your answers with the answer key. lebb, gubet, sanba, kulaleet, angol ////A A. Ye sew ____________ le hulum ye sewnte enkesekase halfinet alew. _____EA B. _________ betam asfelagi yesewnet kefil neo mekneyatum ye sewneten choma yatefal. ______A

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C. Sport mesrat lene ____________ betam asfelagi neo ____A D. Cigara maches ye ____________nekersa yametal _____ E. bezu weha metetat le ___________ betam yetekmal _____

11. Listen to and read the dialogue between the doctor and a patient in a military hospital emergency room. In the Military Hospital Emergency Room

Doctor: Hello, Major Belachew. -- Doctor:Selam shaleka Belachew Major: Good morning, Doctor Seyum. --EA Shaleka: endemen aderu doctor seyum Doctor: What happened to you? --? Doctor:menn honu? Major: I dont now. I didnt feel well I had chest pain, headache, and dizziness. --EEAE Shaleka:ene enga .dehana ayesemagnemderet lie yamegnal,ras-metat,ena mazor Doctor: For how long did you have your symptoms? --A Doctor:cent gizay neo endezi ketesemot? Major: For about 2 days. ---A Shaleka:Hulet ken akababi Doctor: Did you take any medications? -- Doctor: medhanit wesdewal?

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Major: Yes, I took painkillers. --A Shaleka: auo ye sekie Doctor: For how long? --? Doctor: le cent gezai? Major: For about 2 days What happened to me, doctor? --. Shaleka: Le hulet kenmenden neo yehonkut doctor?

Doctor: Well, when you got in the ER, you couldnt breathe. We had to do CPR. You had abnormal blood pressure. It was 230 over 180. You had a heart attack. What symptoms do you have now? EEA EAA230 180 AE? Doctor:engedih ezi dengetena simetu metenfes aketot neo.yemejemeriya erdate aderegnelot.yedem presurewot dehena alneberem 230 bu 180 neber lebb dekam neberot ahun endate noot? Major: I feel weakness. -- Shaleka:dekam yesemagnal Doctor: Are you allergic to any medications? --AA? Doctor:ye medhanit allegy alot? Major: Yes, Im allergic to penicillin. --AA Shaleka:auo le penicillin allergy negn Doctor: Do you have any kidney, liver, lung, or brain diseases? Diabetes? Cancer? --AA?? ? Doctor:ye kulaleet,gubet,sanba,woynem ye angol besheta a lot? Sekuar beshta? Nekersa? Major: No, I dont. --A Shaleka:I yelegnem 290

Doctor: Do you smoke? --? Doctor:yachesalu? Major: No, I dont. --AA I alegsem Doctor: Do any members of your family have heart diseases or have they had a heart attack? --A? Doctor:ke baitese wost ye lebb besheta woynem ye lebb dakam ale? Major: Yes, my father died three years ago from heart disease. --AAA Shaleka:auo abate bu lebb besheta ye zare sost amet mote Doctor: Well, I think you must stay in the hospital and rest for a few days. --EA Doctor: engedi le tenesh ken hakim bait mekoyut alebot yemeslegnal Major: But I need to get back to my unit! --A Shaleka:Gen ke tor kefel gar memeless alebegn Doctor: No, you have to stay in the hospital, rest, and take aspirin. --AEAA Doctor:I hakim bait mekoyet , maref ena aspirin mewsed alebot

12. Listen to and read the dialogue between Doctor Negist and his colleague, Doctor Mulatu. Answer the follow-up questions. Check your answers with the answer key. Doctor Mulatu: shaleka Belachew menn honewal? ? Doctor Negist: esu lebb dekam yezotal E Doctor Mulatu: menn yesemachewal ahun? A?

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Doctor Negist: esu yederet wegat, rasmetat, woynem mazor alew. Esu dekam yesemawal EAE Doctor Mulatu: yedem pressure kuter? ? Doctor Negist: dehana neo: 140 bu 80 belie neo 140 80 Doctor Mulatu: le medhanit allergic neo? A? Doctor Negist: auo , esu ye penicillin allergic neo. esu aspirin ahun wesdual. AEAEAA Doctor Mulatu: esu sekuar besheta woynem nekersa alebet? Ciggara yachesal? EA? Doctor Nigest: I yelewem AA Doctor Mulatu: baite seb wost ye lebb besheta woynes dekam ale? A? Doctor Negest: auo, yesu abat ye zare sost amet bu lebb besheta moteual. AAA

Doctor Mulatu: engedi,esu letenish ken hakim bait mekoyet alebet yemeslegnal. EEA Questions: 1). What happened to Major Belachew? 2). What symptoms did Major Belachew have and for how long? 3). How does he feel now? What is his blood pressure? Is that normal or abnormal? 4). Is he allergic to any medications? Is he taking any medications now? 5). Does he have liver, kidney, brain, or lung diseases? Diabetes or cancer? 6). Does he smoke? 7). Do his family members have heart diseases? 8). Did any family members die from heart diseases? 9). Will Major Belachew stay in the hospital?

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13. Work with a partner. Pretend to be Doctor Negist and Doctor Mulatu from Exercise 12. Discuss Major Belachews health conditions. Role-play the dialogue from Exercise 12. 14. Match the questions and answers. Check your work with the answer key. A. Endat neh(M) nesh(F) noot(older/formal) 1. Auo ene ye teyet gudat egay lie alegn E//? AEEA B. Menn honk? ? C. Menn yesemahal(M) yesemashal(F) yesemawotal(O/F)? //? D. hemem aleh(M) alesh(F) alot (O/F)? A/A/A? E. Yetu ga yamehal(M) yameshal(F) yamotal(F?O)? //? F. Koslewal? ? G. Medahanitoch lie neh(M) nesh(F)not(O/F)? //? 2. Ene dekam ena yazoregnal EE 3. Yene kusel eyedema neo E

4. Hodain yamegnal 5. Auo deretain yamegnal. Metenfes alchlem AA

6. Auo hemem medhanit A 7. Ene betam amognal EA

15. What do you hear? Listen to the speaker and mark the statement that you hear. Check your work with the answer key. 1. A. What are your symptoms? I have a fever and a pain in my arm. B. What are your symptoms? I have a fever and a pain in my leg. C. What are your symptoms? I have a fever and a pain in my neck. 2. A. How do you feel? I dont feel well. I have a chest pain. B. How do you feel? I dont feel well. I feel dizziness. C. How do you feel? I dont feel well. I cant breathe. 3. A. Is there a doctor here? This man just had a heart attack. B. Are you a doctor? This man just had a heart attack. C. I am a doctor. This man just had a heart attack.

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End-of-Lesson Tasks

1. Please answer the following questions in Amharic: A. B. C. D. E. What is your normal pulse? What is your normal blood pressure? Are you allergic to any medications? Have you ever had a head injury? Have you ever had a heat stroke?

2. Work with a partner or in a small group. Look at the picture and tell in Amharic what you think happened to the patient. You might want to mention the following things: Is the patient a man or a woman? What is his/her age? Is he/she a soldier? Is he/she wounded? Is he/she injured? Is he/she in pain? Does he/she have bleeding? Does he/she have a fever? Will he/she need to stay in the hospital? Does he/she have high blood pressure? Does he/she have chest pain? Is he/she having a heart attack? Can he/she breathe? Will he/she need CPR? Is he/she allergic to any medications? Is he/she taking any medications?

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Vocabulary list
Abnormal Aspirin Bandage Band-aid Bleeding Brain Breathing Cancer CPR Cut Diabetes Dressing ER Gunshot wound Head injury Heart Heart attack Heart disease Heat stroke High blood pressure I am allergic to Are you allergic to Injured Injury Kidney Liver Lungs Organs Painkillers Penicillin Pulse Sterile To die To stay Wound/ Wounded Tekekelegna yalehaone Aspirin Yeplaster fasha Plaster Medmatt Angol Metenfes Nekersa Yemegemeria erdata Mekoret Sekuar besheta Yecherk fasha Dengetegna hikemena Yeteyet kusel Yeras gudat Lebb Yelebb dekam Yelebb besheta Yesehi mech/bezat Demm bezat Ene le..allergic negn Ante(M) le ..allergic neh? Megodat Gudat Kulaleet Gubet Sanba Yesewnet kefil Yesekaye medhnit Penicillin Tereta Bumedhanit yeseda Memot Mekoyet Kusel/mekusel A A E / E..A AA /

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Answer Key
2. A. Wounded leg B. Injured neck C. Wounded arm D. Head injury 6. picture number __ 3__. picture number __ 4__. picture number __ 1__. picture number __ 1__.

1. A This soldier has an injured leg. 2. B This man didnt wear his hat. It was very hot today. Now he has a heat stroke. 3. C This man has a dressing on his wounded arm. 7. These are bandages and band-aids. You need them to make a dressing for a cut or wound. They have to be sterile. 10. A. The human _brain___ is in charge of all body system functions. A. Ye sew ___angol_________ le hulum ye sewnte enkesekase halfinet alew. AEA B. The _liver__ is a very important organ because it helps our body to get rid of fat. B. ___gubet______ betam asfelagi yesewnet kefil neo mekneyatum ye sewneten choma yatefal. A C. Exercising is very important for my _heart__. C. Sport mesrat lene __lebb__________ betam asfelagi neo A

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D. Smoking can cause __lung__cancer. D. Cigara maches ye ____samba________nekersa yametal E. Drinking a lot of water is necessary for the _kidneys___ . E. Bezu weha metetat le ___kulaleet________ betam yetekmal

12. Compare your answers with the translation. Doctor Mulatu: Doctor Negist Doctor Malatu: Doctor Negist: Doctor Mulatu: Doctor Negist: Doctor Mulatu: Doctor Negist: Doctor Mulatu: Doctor Negist: Doctor Mulatu: Doctor Negist: Doctor Mulatu: 14. A. How do you feel? Endat neh(M) nesh(F) noot(older/formal) E//? B. What is the matter with you? Menn honk? ? C. What do you feel? Menn yesemahal(M) yesemashal(F) yesemawotal(O/F)? //? D. Are you in pain? hemem aleh(M) alesh(F) alot (O/F)? A/A/A? E. Where does it hurt? Yetu ga yamehal(M) yameshal(F) yamotal(F?O)? //? 1. Yes, I have a gunshot injury in my arm. Auo ene ye teyet gudat egay lie alegn AEEA 2. I feel weakness and dizziness. Ene dekam ena yazoregnal EE 3. My wound is bleeding. Yene kusel eyedema neo E 4. My stomach hurts. Hodain yamegnal 5. Yes, I have chest pain. I cant breathe. Auo deretain yamegnal. Metenfes alchlem AA What a matter with Major Belachew? He had a heart attack. What symptoms does he have now? He doesnt have chest pain, headache, or dizziness. He feels weakness. Blood pressure? Its normal now: 140 over 80. Is he allergic to any medications? Yes, he is allergic to penicillin. He is taken aspirin now. Does he have diabetes or cancer? Does he smoke? No, he doesnt. Heart diseases or heart attack in his family? Yes, his father died three years ago from heart disease. Well, I think he has to stay in the hospital for a few days.

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F. Are you injured? Koslewal? ? G. Are you taking any medication? Medahanitoch lie neh(M) nesh(F)not(O/F)? //? A7 B- 3 C2 D5 E4 F1 G-6 15.

6. Yes, painkillers. Auo hemem medhanit A 7. I feel really bad. Ene betam amognal EA

1. A. endate neo yemiaregeh? Ene tekusat ena ye egge sekie alegn E? EEEA What are your symptoms? I have a fever and a pain in my arm. 2. B.endate yesemahal(M)?ene dehena ayesemagnem.ene yazoregnal E? EA How do you feel? I dont feel well. I feel dizziness. 3. C. ene doctor negn. Yehay sew ahun ye lebb dekam yazew EA I am a doctor. This man just had a heart attack

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