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SCHAUM’S OUTLINE OF THEORY AND PROBLEMS of ENGINEERING MECHANICS Statics and Dynamics FIFTH EDITION E. W. NELSON, B.S.M.E., M.Adm.E. Engineering Supervisor, Retired Western Electric Company CHARLES L. BEST, B.S.M.E., M.S., Ph.D. Emeritus Professor Lafayette College W. G. McLEAN, B.S.E.E., Sc.M., Eng.D. Emeritus Director of Engineering Lafayette College SCHAUM’S OUTLINE SERIES McGRAW-HILL New York San Francisco Washington, D.C. Auckland Bogoté Caracas Lisbon London Madrid Mexico City Milan Montreal New Dehli San Juan Singapore Sydney Tokyo Toronto E. W. NELSON graduated from New York University with a BS.M.E., and an M.Adm.E. He taught Mechanical Engineering at Lafayette College and later joined the engineering organization of the Western Electric Company (now Lucent Technologies). Retired from Western Electric, he is currently a Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He is a registered Professional Engineer and a member of Tau Beta Pi and Pi Tau Sigma, CHARLES L. BEST is Emeritus Professor of Engineering at Lafayette College. He holds a B.S. in M.E. from Princeton, an M.S. in Mathematics from Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute, and a Ph.D. in Applied Mechanics from Virginia Polytechnic Institute. He is coauthor of two books on engineering mechanics and coauthor of another book on FORTRAN programming for engineering students. He is a member of Tau Beta Pi. W. G. McLEAN is Emeritus Director of Engineering at Lafayette College. He holds a B.S.E.£. from Lafayette College, an SM. from Brown University. and an honorary Eng.D. from Lafayette College. Professor McLean is the coauthor of two books on engineering mechan- ics, is past president of the Pennsylvania Society of Professional Engi- neers, and is active in the codes and standards committees of the ‘American Society of Mechanical Engineers. He is a registered Profes- sional engineer and a member of Phi Beta Kappa and Tau Beta Pi. Schaum's Outline of Theory and Problems of ENGINEERING MECHANICS Copyright © 1998, 1988, 1978, 1972 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc AIL rights reserved. Printed in the United States of America. Except as permitted under the Copyright ‘Act of 1976, no part ofthis publication may be reproduced or distributed in any forms or by any means, oF stored ina data base system, without the prior written permission of the publisher. 234567891011 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 PRS PRS OZ IONS ISBN 0-07-D46193-7 Sponsoring Editor: Barbara Gilson Production Supervisor: ‘Tina Cameco Editing Supervisor: Maurcen B, Walker Library of Congress Cataloging in-Publicaton Data Nelson, EW. (Ere Wisin) Schaun’s ouine of theory and problems of enginecting mechanics, statis. and dynam EW. Nelson, Chaves. Best, W.G. Mean. — Siiod 1. em —«Schauu's outline series) ‘MeLean’s mame appears Ist on previous edition metus nee ISBN 0.07-046193-7 paper) 1, Mechanics. Applied. 1. Best, Charles Il. McLean, W. 6, (William G)- HL Tite, TV, Title: Theory and prablens of ‘engutecring mechanics, statis, and dyna TAMONOS? 097 20.1—ber sna ar McGraw-Hill A Pins of The McGraw Hill Compare, Preface ‘This book is designed to supplement standard texts, primarily to assist students of engineering and science in acquiring a more thorough knowledge and proficiency in analytical and applied mechanics. It is based on the authors’ conviction that numerous solved problems constitute one of the best means for Clarifying and fixing in mind basic principles. While this book will not mesh precisely with any one text, the authors feel that it can be a very valuable adjunct to all. ‘The previous editions of this book have been very favorably received. This edition incorporates the U.S. Customary units and SI units, as did the third and fourth editions. The units based in the problems are roughly 50 percent US. Customary and 50 percent SI: however, the units are not mixed in any one problem. The authors attempt to use the best mathematical tools now available to students at the sophomore level. ‘Thus the vector approzch is epplicd in those chapters where its techniques provide an elegance and simplicity in theory and problems. On the other hund, we have not hesitated to use scalar methods elsewhere. since they provide entirely adequate solutions to most of the problems. Chapter 1 is a complete review of the minimum number of vector definitions and ns necessary for the entire book. and applications of this introductory chapter are made throughout the book. Some computer solutions are given, but ‘most problems can be readily solved using other means, Chapter topics correspond to material usually covered in standard introdue- tory mechanics courses. Each chapter begins with statements of pertinent definitions, principles, and theorems. The text material is followed by graded sets of solved and supplementary problems. The solved problems serve to illustrate and amplify the theory, present methods of analysis. provide practical examples. and bring into sharp focus those fine points that enable the student to apply the basic principles correctly and confidently. Numerous proofs of theorems and derivations of formulas are included among the solved problems. ‘The many supplementary problems serve as # complete review of the material covered in each chapter. In the first edition the authors gratefully acknowledged their indebtedness to Paul B. Eaton and J. Warren Gillon. In the second edition the authors received helpful suggestions and criticism from Charles L. Best and John W. McNabb. Akko in that edition Larry Freed and Paul Gary checked the solutions to the problems. In the third edition James Schwar assisted us in preparing the computer solutions in Appendix C. For the fourth edition we extend thanks again to James Schwar and to Michael Regan, Jr. for their help with the Appendix C computer solutions. For this fifth edition the authors thank William Best for checking the solutions to the new problems and reviewing the added new material. For typing the manuscripts of the third and fourth editions we are indebted to Elizabeth Bullock. E, W. Niason CL. Best W.G. McLean