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Unit 1

Reading
Activity 1 Answer key: 1F, 2A, 3B, 4G, 5C, 6E Activity 2 Answer key: 1 B, 2 A, 3 B, 4 E, 5 D, 6 A, 7 C, 8 D, 9 D, 10 E

Use of English
Activity 3 Answer key: 1 communicating/communicative 2 simply 3 expression 4 satisfied 5 response 6 difference 7 differently 8 anxious 9 favourite 10 stronger/strong 11 strangers 12 developing 13 directly 14 surroundings Activity 4 Answer key: 1 had an argument 2 for four years 3 has never lived 4 still hasnt called 5 have never been on 6 have already eaten 7 havent spoken to John since 8 havent had a chance

Listening
Activity 5 Answer key: 1 D, 2 A, 3 E, 4 F, 5 B

Writing
Activity 6 Answer key: 1 Adam 2 you asked me to tell you 3 here goes 4 pretty skinny 5 popped in a snap 6 love 7 buy some 8 dying 9 Oh, and another thing 10 Bye for now

Vocabulary
Activity 7 Answer key: 1 lonely 2 nervous 3 enjoyed 4 honest 5 polite 6 entertained 7 annoyed 8 sincere 9 alone 10 kind Activity 8 Answer key: 1 from 2 in 3 after 4 up 5 down 6 of 7 about 8 with 9 up 10 with

Grammar
Activity 9 Answer key: Current habits I wake up every day at 7.00 am. Present facts The centre of the sun is 15 million degrees Celsius. Talking about the future Our Easter holidays start soon. Present states I dont feel very well. Completed past actions I cut the garden hedge yesterday. Past facts Shakespeare wrote 37 plays. Past states I wanted to be a pilot when I was a kid. Past habits My granny read the bible every day of her life. Activity 10 Answer key: 1 sisters gone 2 Hes been coming 3 soon as it arrived 4 hadnt turned up 5 had just finished eating 6 had gone 7 and I had been 8 never tried skiing

Unit 2
Reading
Activity 1 Answer key: 1C, 2D, 3H, 4G, 5F, 6A, 7I, 8B Activity 2 Answer key: 1B, 2D, 3C, 4A, 5C, 6B, 7C, 8B

Use of English

Activity 3 Answer key: 1 for 2 without 3 do 4 looking 5 make 6 care 7 come 8 didnt 9 is 10 done 11 on 12 for Activity 4 Answer key: 1 the holiday of a lifetime. 2 was too short for 3 succeeded in getting 4 would go camping 5 made an announcement that 6 was so good that 7 to see me off 8 for thirty years

Listening
Activity 5 Answer key: 1 25 2 26 3 24 4 25 5 589.60 6 985.50 7 2350 8 24 9 25 10 682.00 11 1020.40 12 2435 13 legroom 14 food

15 get a refund

Writing
Activity 6 Answer key: 1 flew 2 were 3 hadnt been 4 had left 5 arrived 6 started 7 heard 8 panicked 9 realised 10 was

Vocabulary
Activity 7 Answer key: express train departure lounge ticket inspector school excursion round-the-world voyage business class cruise ship northbound platform delayed departure five-star hotel Activity 8 Answer key: 1 for 2 up 3 down 4 off 5 in 6 off 7 off 8 back

Grammar

Activity 9

Answer key: Developing or changing situations D Events continuing up to a particular moment E Events happening at the moment of speaking A Future plans C Temporary situation in the present F Temporary situations in the past B The future in the past G Activity 10 Answer key: 1 so 2 such 3 enough 4 too 5 such 6 so 7 enough 8 too 9 too 10 enough

Unit 3
Reading
Activity 1 Answer key: 1G, 2C, 3H, 4I, 5A, 6E, 7F, 8B Activity 1 Answer key: 1B, 2C, 3D, 4A, 5C, 6A, 7D, 8D

Use of English
Activity 3 Answer key: 1 imagining 2 reality 3 scientists 4 prepare 5 scientific 6 predictions 7 daily

8 misplacing / replacing 9 everyone / everybody 10 ethical Activity 4 I dont own a mobile phone. I dont have a computer or an MP3 player. I have no idea for how to surf the net, send an e-mail or download a ringtone. People they often raise their eyebrows when I tell them all this, but what knocks them over with amazement is the in fact that I dont have a television. People call me a technophobe. But although Im not afraid of all these technologies. I just dont need for them. How on the earth do you get by? they ask. How do you learn about whats happening in the world? No a problem, I say. I buy a daily newspaper. I listen to the radio. If people want to contact me, they can call me on the landline such as people now call my oldfashioned telephone. Oh yes, and they can write to me. After all, the postman still comes every day. No, Im not a technophobe. Its just that only the old technologies serve me very well, thank you.

Listening
Activity 5 Answer key: 1F 2T 3T 4F 5F 6T 7F

Writing
Activity 6 Answer key: Introduction Technology is developing at a rapid pace. We seldom stop to weigh up the advantages and disadvantages. Advantages of technology jobs get done more quickly jobs get done more accurately

We can communicate more often and more easily. We have more varied and exciting forms of entertainment. Disadvantages of technology people become dependent on technology We lose simple skills like maths and spelling. consumerism - people think they must have the latest gadgets) The Internet and mobile phones threaten our privacy. Conclusion - my opinion If used carefully, technology can improve our lives. We shouldnt sleepwalk into the future.

Vocabulary
Activity 7

Answers key: bulb clock cooker dishwasher freezer fridge kettle microwave plug socket toaster washing machine vacuum cleaner Activity 8 Answer key: 1 machines 2 mobile 3 invented 4 engine 5 appliances 6 portable 7 discovered 8 develop 9 tools 10 research

Grammar

Activity 9 Answer Key: The mobile music devices such as the i-Pod are gadget of the moment, but are they safe? There is a growing scientific evidence that if the person listens to music on such devices at an high volume levels and for a long period, they can seriously damage their hearing. For this reason one manufacture has introduced the volume restriction on their player. Users simply have to download an piece of software from a companys website and load it into their player. In a same way, parents will be able to limit the volume of their childrens players. Activity 10 Answer key: 1 have saved 2 meet 3 go 4 is 5 were having 6 are 7 Ive installed 8 I get

Unit 4
Reading
Activity 1 Answer key: 1D, 2H, 3A, 4I, 5B, 6E, 7G, 8F Activity 2 Answer key: 1 Youth Account, Sids Young Savers 2 Saver Safari 3 Going Places Account 4 Going Places Account 5 Sids Young Savers, Saver Safari, Going places Account 6 Youth Account, Going Places Account 7 Saver Safari 8 Going Places Account

Use of English
Activity 3

Answer key: 1 C, 2 A, 3 D, 4 A, 5 C, 6 B, 7 B, 8 A, 9 D, 10 C, 11 C, 12 A, 13 B, 14 C, 15 D Activity 4 Answer key: 1 to borrow some money from 2 only have a little money 3 in case you 4 I would buy a new 5 as long as you 6 broken down 7 came up with the 8 only a few of

Listening
Activity 5 Answer key: 1 B, 2 C, 3 A, 4 B, 5 C, 6 C, 7 A, 8 C

Writing
Activity 6 Discursive compositions: Read this example answer to the question Should teenagers earn their pocket money? Find five sentences that shouldnt be there because they arent relevant. Unlike most of my friends, I dont get any pocket money unless I do jobs around the house. Ive saved about 500 over the last five years. My friends laugh at me when I tell them this, but there are many good reasons why this agreement is good for me and my parents. One friend in particular, called John, is always making jokes about me washing the dishes. First of all, by earning my pocket money I have a better idea about the realities of life than many of my friends do. I understand, for example, that money doesnt just grow on trees. Of course, I dont think my friends think it grows on trees, either, but you know what I mean. I know that when I leave home I will have to work hard in order to afford the things I want. Also, by doing jobs around the house, I am learning skills which will be important to me later, when I have to look after myself. Furthermore, I do not think it is fair to expect my parents to do all the housework. They have their jobs, too, and they come home

tired. My mums a doctor and my dads been a headmaster for the past five years. If everyone in the family helps with the household chores, then things get finished more quickly and we all have more free time to spend together. I like to spend my free time listening to music. To sum up, I believe that if children earn their pocket money its not only good for them, but for the whole family.

Vocabulary
Activity 7 Answer key: A - Offering a discount B - Using a cash-point machine C - Paying by credit card D - Exchanging currencies E - Giving back change F - Asking for a refund G - Paying by cheque H - Waiting at the checkout Activity 8 Answer key: 1 economical 2 economic 3 borrow 4 lend 5 industry 6 business 7 bargain 8 discount 9 set 10 save

Grammar
Activity 9 Answer key: 1 in case 2 As long as 3 in case 4 unless 5 as long as

6 unless 7 unless 8 in case 9 in case 10 as long as Activity 10 Answer key: 1 was / were 2 d start / would start 3 wont get / will not get 4 borrow 5 could 6 invested 7 ll lend / will lend 8 want 9 s / is 10 dont have / do not have

Unit 5
Reading
Activity 1 Answer key: 1B, 2A, 3H, 4C, 5F, 6E, 7G Activity 2 Answer key: 1A, 2D, 3B, 4C, 5B, 6D, 7C, 8D

Use of English
Activity 3 Answer key: 1 time 2 place 3 of 4 since 5 been 6 for 7 even 8 when 9 of 10 best

11 enough 12 just 13 as 14 to 15 be Activity 4 Answer key: Read the text below and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines are correct and some have a word which should not be there. Click on the words you think should not be there. Learning a musical instrument is still a popular leisure activity amongst children of all the ages. In fact, in recent years ever more children are taking it up music as a hobby. Now science is beginning to prove what music teachers have been saying it for years - that learning music is good for you. Recent studies by psychologists have shown that children who they learn a musical instrument are more self-confident and generally more happier. Children also experience the benefits of working hard and persevering, and the sense of achievement that these bring. Because the music is another form of personal expression, young musicians tend to be more imaginative and creative than children who they dont play an instrument. Many studies have also been shown that there is a strong relationship between learning music and improved scores in school subjects as such as maths, science and languages. However, but the benefits arent only academic. There are social benefits, too. Music is only something to make and share with others, and a language that is understood by all ages and cultures.

Listening
Activity 5 Answer key: 1B, 2C, 3B, 4C, 5A, 6B, 7B, 8A

Writing
Activity 6 Answer key: 1 Madam 2 with regard 3 wish 4 for which 5 Nevertheless

6 a little 7 would appreciate 8 to do with 9 On the whole 10 would recommend 11 Finally 12 would be possible 13 Once again 14 faithfully

Vocabulary
Activity 7 Answer key: 1 cast 2 spectators 3 recorded 4 lifeguards 5 viewers 6 sightseers 7 crowds 8 guest Activity 8 Answer key: 1 to see 2 in getting 3 meeting 4 organising 5 to organise 6 let 7 to get 8 to meet

Grammar
Activity 9 Answer key: Permission A: No, you cant go out again tonight. Thats the third time this week. D: Excuse me, Sir. Can I go to the toilet? Obligation E: Sorry, I have to rush off. Lets speak tomorrow.

C: You must be back here by ten oclock. Ability H: She could play Mozart on the piano when she was five. F: I could have gone to the party, but I really didnt want to. Advice/criticism G: You should get some rest. You look exhausted. B: He ought to have been more careful on that bike of his. Activity 10 Answer key: 1 the most comfortable 2 the worst 3 further / farther 4 the biggest 5 the least talented 6 nastier 7 the most famous 8 least favourite 9 the warmest 10 less

Unit 6
Reading
Activity 1 Answer key: 1E, 2B, 3A, 4D, 5I, 6G, 7H, 8C Activity 2 Answer key: 1C, 2C, 3B, 4C, 5D, 6A, 7D, 8C

Use of English
Activity 3 Answer key: 1 photography 2 professional 3 passionate 4 fascination 5 artistic 6 specializes 7 competition 8 outer 9 enlarged

10 remarkably Activity 4 Answer key: 1 are running out of time 2 been accused of hiding 3 became extinct because 4 been taking care of 5 had better 6 depends on 7 succeeded in saving 8 be informed about

Listening
Activity 5 Answer key: 1 visitors centre 2 foresters vehicles 3 on foot 4 Zone A 5 the lake 6 the tracks 7 picnic areas 8 Plastic bags 9 caves 10 flash 11 bats 12 reserve

Writing
Activity 6 Answer key: 1 Have you ever noticed 2 here are just a few 3 To begin with 4 whats worse is that 5 Secondly 6 Are they really necessary? 7 One more thing 8 How often have you 9 So what can we do about it? 10 I, for one,

Vocabulary
Activity 7 Answer key: bottle bank B: A large bin for recycling glass bottles and jars. deforestation H: Cutting or burning down large areas of forest. endangered species F: Animals or plants that are close to becoming extinct. fossil fuels J: Sources of energy such as wood, coal and oil. litter E: Small pieces of rubbish thrown carelessly on the ground, such as sweet wrappers and drinks cans. nature reserve C: An area of countryside where animals and plants are protected. oil slick D: This is caused when larger amounts of oil are spilt into the sea. oil tanker A: A very large ship for transporting oil. reservoir G: A man made lake for collecting and storing large amounts of water. smog I: A mixture of fog and smoke or pollution that hangs above some cities. Activity 8 Answer Key 1 off 2 out 3 out 4 up 5 away 6 down 7 off 8 out 9 on 10 about

Grammar

Activity 9 Answer Key: This panda has been brought up in captivity. New species of insect are being discovered almost every day. The nature reserves new museum will have been completed by next year. People should be fined for leaving rubbish on the beaches. New laws have been introduced preventing the export of certain animal products. For years the river had been polluted by local factories. The bottles are cleaned before being used again. Scientists believe millions of species must have died out during the last ice age. Activity 10 Answer key + -ing deny admit practise finish risk give up + to-infinitive choose intend promise threaten decide offer + infinitive or ing (with changed meaning) remember try stop go on regret forget

Unit 7
Reading
Activity 1

Answer key: 1C, 2G, 3I, 4E, 5D, 6F, 7A, 8B Activity 2 Answer key: 1 Curling, Ice hockey 2 Snowboarding 3 Biathlon, Curling, Ice hockey 4 Curling 5 Skiing 6 Skiing, Snowboarding, 7 Snowboarding 8 Skeleton 9 Curling, Ice hockey 10 Skeleton

Use of English
Activity 3 Answer key: 1C, 2B, 3A, 4D, 5D, 6A, 7A, 8B, 9D, 10A, 11C, 12D, 13B, 14D, 15A Activity 4 Answer key: 1 familiar 2 activities 3 longer 4 position / posture 5 motionless 6 Competitors 7 further 8 spectators 9 cruelty 10 fortunately

Listening
Activity 5 Answer key: 1B, 2F, 3D ,4A, 5C

Writing
Activity 6 Answer key: Read this students transactional letter and find 14 spelling mistakes.

[Deer/Dear] Ms McDougal, Many thanks for your letter and for [aggreeing/agreeing] to be interviewed by our school magazine. It will be quite an honour for us! I am writing in order to answer some of the questions you have [conserning/concerning] the interview. First of all I would like to [sugest/suggest] some dates. [Idealy/Ideally] we would like the interview to [appeer/appear] in the March [edision/edition] of the magazine. This would mean meeting up for the interview in mid-February. If we say Saturday, 12th February, would this be [posible/possible] for you? Alternatively, would the following Saturday be a possibility? [Reggarding/Regarding] location, we could conduct the interview here at our office. However, if it is more [conveanient/convenient] for you, I would be happy to come to your home. Please let me know what you would [preffer/prefer]. [Finaly/Finally], I would be very [greatful/grateful] if you could find some photographs of you playing that we could use to illustrate the article. I look forward to hearing from you soon, Yours [sencerely/sincerely], Angela Crosby

Vocabulary
Activity 7 Answer key: A - Referee C - Coach H - Opponent G - Runner-up B - Champion F - Favourite D - Leader E - Umpire Activity 8

Answer key: 1 loss 2 competitive 3 performance 4 strength 5 injury 6 preparation 7 competitors 8 strengthen 9 competition 10 prepared

Grammar
Activity 9 Answer key: 1 cant be 2 must be 3 cant have made 4 must have been 5 ought to have arrived 6 should be 7 could turn out 8 may have been Activity 10 Answer key: 1 Could you tell me where I can buy tickets? 2 Do you know what time the game will start? 3 Do you think you could pass me the newspaper? 4 I wonder if you could tell me where the telephone is? 5 Would you mind telling me how I can join the golf club? 6 I wonder if I could ask you a few questions? 7 Do you think we could meet a bit later today? 8 I wonder if you could tell me how much the tickets are?

Unit 8
Reading
Activity 1 Answer key: 1E, 2G, 3A, 4B, 5D, 6C Activity 2

Answer key: 1D, 2A, 3A, 4D, 5C, 6B, 7B, 8C

Use of English
Activity 3 Answer key: 1 most 2 their 3 such 4 kind / sort 5 each 6 which 7 do 8 order 9 seems / has 10 such 11 for 12 out Activity 4 Answer key: Read the text below and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines are correct and some have a word which should not be there. Click on the words you think should not be there. A picture paints a thousand words, so they say. The same is true of our facial expressions and movements whenever we communicate with the others. This is called non-verbal communication and many research has found that the 65% to 95% of the meaning of a message is communicated with our bodies much rather than our words. We all know people who fling their arms about when theyre talking, but the truth is we are all use gestures when we speak. Sometimes we are aware of what were doing, for example when we use our hands to describe something. However, very much of our communication takes place unconsciously. The eye movements, frowns and twitching of the mouth are not going on all the time without us knowing. The worrying thing is that the person we are talking to them can often understand more from what we do than what we say. Whats more than, because gestures mean different things in different cultures, it is possible to by accidentally cause offence when speaking to someone from another country.

Listening
Activity 5 Answer key: 1T, 2F, 3F, 4T, 5F, 6F, 7T, 8F

Writing
Activity 6 Answer key: 1 to 2 Subject 3 As requested 4 findings 5 On the whole 6 general feeling 7 In particular 8 The majority 9 However 10 consider 11 Regarding 12 One point 13 concerns 14 To sum up

Vocabulary
Activity 7 Answer key: 1D, 2A, 3C , 4B, 5E Activity 8 Answer key: 1 channel 2 newsreader 3 bulletin 4 viewers 5 e-mails 6 the Internet 7 documentary 8 editor 9 studio 10 reporter

Grammar
Activity 9 Answer key:

1 She asked him if he had always wanted to be a reporter . 2 She asked him if he had done any special training. 3 She asked him what sort of stories he liked reporting. 4 She asked him how often he travelled. 5 She asked him what his most difficult assignment had been. 6 She asked him if it was a difficult job to do. 7 She asked him what the dangers were. 8 She asked him if he preferred reporting for TV or radio. Activity 10 Answer key: 1 suggested 2 denied 3 claimed 4 refused 5 agreed 6 ordered 7 begged 8 apologised

Unit 9
Reading
Activity 1 Answer key: 1E, 2A, 3C, 4G, 5B, 6F Activity 2 Answer key: 1C, 2B, 3D, 4D, 5C, 6D, 7A, 8C

Use of English
Activity 3 Answer key: 1B, 2D, 3C, 4D, 5A, 6C, 7C, 8D, 9B, 10C, 11C, 12A, 13D, 14D Activity 4 Answer key: 1 our best to finish 2 a lot of applicants 3 made a mistake 4 you the sack 5 to take up most 6 going to take place

7 to have my computer 8 was taken over

Listening
Activity 5 Answer key: 1 21 2 British 3 student 4 Maths 5 History 6 Sociology 7 Fluent 8 very good 9 First aid 10 swimming 11 2005 12 Coordinator 13 2004 14 disabled 15 July 16 Part-time

Writing
Activity 6 Answer key: Include I am 16 years old. I have studied English for four years. I consider myself hard-working. I have experience of farm work. Could you give me more details about the accommodation you offer? Would you like me to attend an interview? If necessary, I can supply you with references from my previous employer. Could you tell me what the rate of pay is? Dont include Actually, I am going to turn 17 in a few weeks time. I also speak French, German and Greek. In my last job I was earning 7 an hour. My mum says I really work hard.

I do not really want to share a room with others. My uncle has a sheep farm in Crete. Will I have to wear a tie if you interview me?

Vocabulary
Activity 7 Answer key: 1 self-employed 2 made redundant 3 part-time 4 unemployed 5 wage 6 salary 7 royalties 8 on commission 9 on strike 10 permanent Activity 8 Answer key: Make an appointment certain a decision a plan a fortune Take a break turns a chance part effect Do a favour a job housework your duty homework

Grammar
Activity 9 Answer key:

12 who 3 which 4 where 5 who 6 whos 7 whose 8 Activity 10 Answer key: 1 Have you ever had anything stolen? 2 Shes had her hair cut again. 3 Were having a new TV delivered. 4 They had their company logo redesigned. 5 All the staff had their photos taken. 6 Theyre going to have the factory painted. 7 Ive had my car washed. 8 They had their phones stolen.

Unit 10
Reading
Activity 1 Answer key: 1H, 2D, 3A, 4B, 5I, 6C, 7F, 8E Activity 2 Answer key: 1B, 2C, 3D, 4A, 5C, 6C, 7B, 8C

Use of English
Activity 3 Answer key: 1 many 2 do 3 one / some / part 4 from / in 5 dont 6 for 7 other / some 8 be 9 up 10 such

11 most 12 fact / reality 13 play 14 by Activity 4 Answer key: Read the text below and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines are correct and some have a word which should not be there. Click on the words you think should not be there. How will you know if you have been stung by a bee? First you feel a slight prick at the place where you were been stung. This will feel something like a small pin or needle. Shortly afterwards, the area around it the sting will feel hot and there will not be some swelling and redness in the same area. In many cases the bees stinger will remain in the body. If in this is the case, do not try to remove the stinger with your fingers. This may pump more of the bees venom into your body. Instead, use the side of something flat, like as a credit card, to gently push the stinger out. As soon as you can, put some ice on the site of the sting to help stop the swelling. For most of people a bees sting is a painful but harmless. For some, though, a bee sting can be very dangerous. This is because the bee sting can causes an allergic reaction. If the swelling is extreme, or if you feel sick or dizzy, then you should to go to see a doctor as soon as possible.

Listening
Activity 5 Answer key: 1C, 2A, 3B, 4F, 5D

Writing
Activity 6 Answer key: 1 Saved by the drill 2 a fate worse than death 3 had been lying 4 Apart from the fact 5 But then 6 Im sorry, love 7 she muttered 8 shed be so happy

Vocabulary
Activity 7 Answer key: 1 reaction 2 treatment 3 infection 4 disabled 5 prescription 6 operation 7 recovery 8 illness 9 injection 10 alternative Activity 8 Answer key: 1 came down 2 passed out 3 broke out 4 got over 5 came to 6 cheered up 7 to stop 8 stopping 9 eating 10 to eat

Grammar
Activity 9 Answer key: 1 he worn a jacket 2 have gone to the party 3 hadnt eaten that curry 4 werent vaccines 5 hadnt gone swimming 6 would be able to go on holiday 7 she not had a check-up 8 have had a heart attack Activity 10 Answer key: 1 The receptionist made an appointment for him at 10 o'clock.

2 The doctor gave me this prescription. 3 Ive sent you some leaflets about healthy eating. 4 Would you like me to give you the specialists number? 5 Would you mind passing me the salt? 6 The nurse handed him a scalpel. 7 She showed him where the cut was. 8 They taught us how to cook more healthily.

Unit 11
Reading
Activity 1 Answer key: 1A, 2F, 3B, 4E, 5G, 6C Activity 2 Answer key: 1 B,C 2A 3 B,C 4 A,C 5 A,C 6A 7A 8 A,B 9B 10 C

Use of English
Activity 3 Answer key: 1 only I hadnt left 2 youd better fill 3 rather you didnt 4 wish I didnt go 5 about time you started 6 only I hadnt 7 high time they changed 8 only I did better Activity 4 Answer key 1 anxious

2 education 3 scientific 4 scientists 5 discovery 6 reactions 7 movement 8 responding 9 harmless 10 ability

Listening
Activity 5 Answer key: 1A, 2A, 3C, 4C, 5B, 6C, 7C, 8B

Writing
Activity 6 Answer key: 1 Thanks a lot 2 Ive got a feeling 3 Anyway, about 4 think its 5 come up with 6 in 7 really 8 help us out 9 books for free 10 What about you 11 The only thing is 12 get more details 13 If its not too pricey 14 All the best

Vocabulary
Activity 7 Answer key: A school teacher B pupil C undergraduate D postgraduate E coach F driving instructor G university lecturer

H apprentice Activity 8 Answer key: 1 certificate 2 skills 3 licence 4 results 5 degree 6 parrot-fashion 7 campus 8 lab 9 by heart 10 fees

Grammar
Activity 9 Answer key: 1 had 2 didnt 3 do 4 had 5 changed 6 had studied 7 had 8 was going / were going / could go 9 changed 10 had told Activity 10 Answer key: 1 incorrect: lost 2 correct 3 correct 4 correct 5 incorrect: As I was riding 6 incorrect: Taken 7 incorrect: interesting 8 correct 9 correct 10 incorrect: Watching

Unit 12

Reading
Activity 1 Answer key: 1F, 2I, 3D, 4E, 5C, 6B, 7A, 8H Activity 2 Answer key: 1 The virus writer, The phishers 2 The phishers, The digital pirates 3 The digital pirates, The hacker 4 The virus writer, The hacker 5 The virus writer, The hacker 6 The virus writer 7 The virus writer, The hacker 8 The virus writer, The hacker

Use of English
Activity 3 Answer key: 1 being 2 made 3 to 4 can 5 to 6 must 7 by 8 up 9 include 10 helping 11 who 12 Most 13 agree 14 than Activity 4 Answer key: 1 have 2 for 3 of 4 until 5 as 6 can

7 every / any 8 all 9 own 10 even 11 despite 12 fact

Listening
Activity 5 1 handbag 2 George 3 Matlock 4 male 5 twenties 6 80 7 blond 8 dont know 9 neat 10 black 11 blue 12 right 13 purple 14 red 15 purse 16 three 17 mobile phone 18 car

Writing
Activity 6 Answer key: Introduction Crime rates are rising and prisons are getting overcrowded What can be done? Why prison is not a good form of punishment Prisons are expensive for the taxpayer Prisoners just learn more about crime from other prisoners Prison doesnt make offenders into better people It doesnt compensate the victims What alternatives are there? Doing work for the community Paying a fine in order to compensate the victim

For young offenders, being given training in useful skills Why are these better? Offenders would be giving something back to society Offenders would gains skills which would help them find jobs Victims would be compensated Prisons would not be so overcrowded The cost would be less for taxpayers Conclusion It is time we changed the system for the good of society

Vocabulary
Activity 7 Answer key: A The accused B The solicitor C The witness D The jury E The judge F The evidence G The verdict H The victim Activity 8 Answer key: 1 criminal 2 accused 3 offender 4 lawyer 5 robbery 6 thieves 7 murderers 8 convicts

Grammar
Activity 9 Answer key: 1 Little did he realise how much trouble he was in. 2 Not only had his fingerprints been found, but hed left footprints, too. 3 Under no circumstances must you hide evidence from the police. 4 At no time did he suspect that he was being followed.

5 No sooner had he left prison than he was committing crimes again. 6 Hardly had John left the house when the thieves broke in. 7 Rarely had he heard of such a disturbing case. 8 Never had there been so much money stolen from a bank. Activity 10 Answer key: 1 isnt it? 2 arent you? 3 wont it? 4 are you? 5 hasnt there? 6 do they? 7 hadnt there? 8 hadnt he? 9 isnt it? 10 hasnt she?