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Steven Warren Civics Speech

Bell 6B

1/7/13

For many years, our investment in space has declined. Once the space race was over, and now that the threat of nuclear war with the Soviets is in the past, the average American does not see why we should continue to invest in space exploration because their security is no longer at risk. NASAs inspirational ability has decreased significantly because no one sees what NASA has done for our nation and for the world. The truth is, many unrelated fields have had advancements because of NASA. Temperpedic Mattresses, Software that sorts information by your preferences, and many other technologies that you use come from NASA. Because of NASAs mission to explore and understand more about space, many technologies intended for use in space have now found practical uses on Earth. With this bill, which will keep the National Aeronautics & Space Administrations budget from being cut within the next ten years, will help to captivate the American public once again, and will allow for more breakthroughs in different fields. NASA has accomplished many great feats, the moon landings, the voyager program, and the Mars rovers to name only a small percentage, but many people brush these aside as non-practical fantasy-world advancements and then assume that NASA does little other than land billion dollar spaceships on other planets, not knowing what a large impact NASA has actually had on their lives and how those ships collect data for us. In the article in Scientific American 9 Ways NASA Can Tackle Climate Change, It shows what a large impact NASA could have on Global warming if its funds are not cut. For example, small, inexpensive spacecraft could be used to collect data on Global Warming, and NASA could invest in Green technologies, which will set the stage for them to be used in commercial production and eventually, in your homes, cars, or workplaces. By cutting NASAs budget, we are stifling advancement and allowing current problems such as global warming to exist and grow at alarming paces. With our large amount of debt in which we are in, NASAs $18 billion dollar budget seems ripe for the picking, but even the proposed $300 million dollar budget cuts will hurt NASAs day to day operations such as monitoring the rovers on Mars and maintaining the ISS, and by no means will they be able to spare Cheap $20 million dollar satellites to keep track of Global Warming. A seismologist working at Caltech said that she felt like planetary science was getting picked on. This is very true, and if we do not stop cutting NASAs budget, there will be no NASA left for our generation to inherit. A man working on the Mars Rover missions says that he feels like there will be nothing to inspire the next generation if NASAs budget continues to be cut in this manner and that because of this, there will be fewer recruits for NASAs teams. If we can even just keep NASAs budget at a standstill, there is still hope that we can establish a manned Moon base or land on Mars in order to inspire the children of our planet before a generation of Earth- oriented-ignorant-of-the-world-around-them people are put in charge of our great Nation. If we do not do something about this, then I pity the world of science. With the next generations science and space exploration on the line I hope that I can trust you to vote the right way.

Steven Warren Anticipated Questions

Bell 6B

1/7/13

With our budget crisis now, how can we afford to keep from cutting NASAs budget? -The bill that I propose has a part saying that if dire need to cut funding occurs, then cuts may be made. What are some examples of medicines developed by NASA? -There is a device created by NASA in order to diagnose injuries aboard the International Space Station which has no x-ray or CAT scanners. It is now used by climbers on high altitude to diagnose HAPE. This Device enables even the most inexperienced of people to accurately diagnose disorders in tricky situations, such as on Everest or in space. More along the line of medicine are transmitters to monitor development of babies inside the womb, laserangioplasty, using fiber optic catheters, and voice controlled wheel chairs. Questions to ask: Cyber Warfare (Noah) -How many dollars do you plan to pump into cyber defenses? -How do these attacks affect our security? -How many breaches in our cyber defense line have there been in the past year, and how many of these affected our security? Auctioning off Carbon Emissions (Ashley) -If companies are still able to buy emissions, how is this reducing emissions, aside from the fact that the price tag might scare off a few companies? -Is this legislation being created in order to eventually put limits and bans on carbon emissions, or is it just a way for states and the federal government to generate more revenue?

Steven Warren

Bell 6B

1/7/13

Why Promoting Democracy in the Middle East would be a Waste of time (Opposition speech against Olivers Legislation) Yes, Democracy is wonderful. Yes it is the solution to all of the problems in the Middle East. But we are currently in a state of war over in the Middle East, and it is not a regular war. Half the people in the Middle east might just welcome these efforts, but half of the people in the middle east resent western powers for reasons that we do not fully understand. They fight against not us as a country, not us as people, but us as a society, much as in the same way as how we fight against them, attempting to quell a society, not a country, started to destroy our own. While these ideas that Mr. Simon has imagined are indeed idealistic, and while many of these countries have revolted and have attempted to form democracies of their own, few of these people would be open to US intervention. Also, think of the vast economic expenses that this would require. I truly think that we need to continue helping other countries in this world, even our enemies, but we do not have the funds to establish a democracy which is sure to fail, and which may endanger workers trying to promote understanding between the USA and the citizens of the Middle Eastern world. Like I said before, while Olivers ideas are ideological, they are most certainly not practical.

Steven Warren Bibliography: Main Sources (articles):

Bell 6B

1/7/13

-Marshall, William S. "9 Ways NASA Can Tackle Climate Change." Scientific American, 20 Jan. 2009. Web. <http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=nasa-and-climate-change>. -"NASA Scientists Fight Budget Cuts with "Bake Sale": Scientific American." NASA Scientists Fight Budget Cuts with "Bake Sale": Scientific American. Scientific American, June-July 2012. Web. <http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=nasa-scientists-fight-budget-cuts-bakesale>. -Gorman, Christine. "Space Out: NASA Faces More Budget Cuts in 2013 | Observations, Scientific American Blog Network." Space Out: NASA Faces More Budget Cuts in 2013 | Observations, Scientific American Blog Network. Scientific American, 12 Oct. 2012. Web. 02 Jan. 2013. <http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/observations/2012/10/12/space-out-nasa-faces-morebudget-cuts-in-2013/>. Secondary Sources (for other random information): -Schwerin, Bo. "NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration." NASA. NASA, 2009. Web. 06 Jan. 2013. <http://www.nasa.gov/offices/oce/appel/ask/issues/39/39i_invention. html>. -Brinson, Linda C. "What Breakthroughs in Medicine Came from NASA?" How Stuff Works. How Stuff Works, n.d. Web. 6 Jan. 2013. <http://science.howstuffworks.com/innovation/nasa-i nventions/nasa-breakthroughs-in-medicine.htm>. -"NASA @ Home and City || Version 2.0." NASA @ Home and City || Version 2.0. NASA, n.d. Web. 06 Jan. 2013. <http://www.nasa.gov/externalflash/nasacity/index2.htm>. -"NASA's Planetary Science Program Endangered by Budget Cuts: Scientific American." NASA's Planetary Science Program Endangered by Budget Cuts: Scientific American. Scientific American, 12 July 2012. Web. 06 Jan. 2013. Opposition speech sources -Beeman, William O. "Why Middle Eastern Terrorists Hate the United States." Why Middle Eastern Terrorists Hate the United States. Brown University, 2001. Web. 06 Jan. 2013.

Steven Warren Mock Congress Legislation Article I:

Bell 6B

1/7/13

The United States will sustain the National Aeronautics and Space Administrations budget at $18,000,000,000.00 (eight teen billion) USD per year for the next ten years unless a drastic need to cut or raise funding occurs. Article II: A drastic need to cut NASAs funding shall constitute as a federal budget deficit of over $2,000,000,000,000.00 (two trillion) USD after at least 75% of all other programs have been cut by 10% or more. A drastic need to increase the budget shall be determined by congress in a majority vote. Article III: This bill shall go into effect immediately. Article IV: The President of the United States shall have the power to enforce this legislation. Article V: All other laws set to raise or lower NASAs budget over the next ten years that do not meet the requirements outlined in Article II of this legislation shall be rendered null and void.