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PARSHA AIDES

PROHIBITIONS THAT APPLY TO DISHONEST FINANCIAL


DEALINGS WITH A NON-JEW
PROHIBITION DESCRIPTION
ROBBERY Forbidden to rob a Jew or non-Jew; one guilty of this
(‫)גזילה‬ crime must restore the object or money to the victim

WITHHOLDING Forbidden to withhold payment a Jew or non-Jew;


PAYMENT one guilty of this crime must restore the money to the
(‫)עושק‬ victim

A Jew who steals furtively from a Jew or non-Jew


THEFT
violates the Torah command, and must return what
(‫)גניבה‬
was taken

Forbidden to engage in commerce using inaccurate


measurements; likewise, prohibited to cause anyone
DECEPTION
to error in calculation of price or payment
(‫)עול במשפט‬
A Jew who cheats any human being is disgusting (an
abomination)

GIVING A FALSE A Jew can not deceive a Jew or a non-Jew even when
IMPRESSION no monetary loss; includes lying or giving a false
(‫)גניבת דעת‬ impression

A Jew is obligated to pay taxes to a Jewish or non-


TAX EVASION
Jewish government

DESCREATING Prohibited for any Jew to act toward a Jew or a non-


G-D’S NAME Jew in a manner that could be perceived as unjust or
(‫)'חילול ה‬ improper

SOURCES:
Rambam Hilcos Gezeila Chapter 1; Hilcos Geneiva Chapter 1
Shulchan Aruch Chosen Mishpat Chapter 349, 359, 231, 369
Shulchan Aruch HaRav Hilcos Gezeilah, Hilcos Onaah
‫ נ‬,‫)וחשב עם קונהו )ויקרא כה‬
‫ יג‬,‫)לא תעשק את רעך ולא תגזול )ויקרא יט‬
‫ יא‬,‫)לא תגנוהו )ויקרא יט‬
(‫ ג‬,‫ואכלת את כל העמים )ויקרא כה‬
Art Scroll Talmud Baba Kama 113b
‫ גויים בהלכה‬www.daatemet.org.il/articles/article.cfm?article_id=119
‫בבא קמא "מתיבתא" עוצר העיונים מערבה סב – גזל הגוי‬
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