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<khd; gw;wpa E}y;

<khdpy; Kjd;ikahdJ 'yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{" vDk; $w;whFk;.


`jP]; vz; : 1
mg;Jy;yh`;gpd; mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fSf;Fk; [dq;fSf;Fk; kj;jpapy; nkhop
ngah;g;ghsuhf ehd; (mgp[k;uh) ,Ue;Njd;. XU ngz; mth;fsplk; te;J <j;jk;gok;>
jpuhl;ir Mfpatw;wpd; rhWfis Cwitf;fg; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; fspkz;zhy; Mf;fg;gl;l
ghidfisg; gw;wpf;Nfl;ldh;. mjw;fth;fs; (fPo;fz;l rk;gtj;ijg; $wpdhh;fs;)
epr;rakhf mg;Jy; if]; $l;lj;jpypUe;J xU FOtpdh; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`;
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; te;jdh;. ,f; FOtpdh; (my;yJ ,k;kf;fs;) ahh;? vd
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; Nfl;ldh;. 'ugpM" vd mth;fs;
$wpdhh;fs;. ,opTgLj;jg;glhkYk; ifNrjkpy;yhj epiyapYk; ,f;FOtpdUf;F my;yJ
,k;kf;fSf;F ey;tuT cz;lhfl;Lk; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs; (Kfkd;)
$wpdhh;fs; (mg;NghJ mf;FOtpdh;)
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! ehq;fs; ePz;l fLikahd gazj;ij Nkw;nfhz;L
cq;fsplk; tUfpNwhk;. cq;fSf;Fk; vq;fSf;Fk; kj;jpapy; 'Ksh;" (,dj;ijr; rhh;e;j)
fhgph;fs; (jilahf) cs;sdh;. (MfNt) Nghh; nra;tJ jil nra;ag;gl;l Gdpj khjq;fs;
jtpu (kw;w Neuj;jpy;) cq;fsplk; tu ,ayhjth;fshf ehq;fs; ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;. (vdNt)
njspthd fl;lisfis vq;fSf;F ,Lq;fs;. vq;fSf;F mg;ghy; ,Ug;gth;fSf;Fk;
ehq;fs; mijg;gw;wpr; nrhy;Nthk;. mjd; %yk; ehq;fSk; Rtdk; GFNthk; vd;wdh;.
(egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk;) mth;fs; ehd;F fhhpaq;fis (r; nra;AkhW
mth;fSf;F fl;lisapl;ldh; ehd;F fhhpaq;fis (jtph;j;Jf; nfhs;SkhW) jLj;jdh;.
my;yh`;it mtd; jdpj;jtd; vd tpRthrk; nfhs;SkhW mth;fSf;F fl;lisapl;ldh;.
my;yh`;it mtd; jdpj;jtd; vd tpRthrk; nfhs;tJ vd;why; vd;d vd;W cq;fSf;Fj;
njhpAkh? vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs; Nfl;ldh;. mjw;F (mf;FOtpdh;) 'my;yh`;Tk;
mtdJ J}jUk; kpfj; njhpe;jth;fs;" vd;wdh;. mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs;
tzq;fg;gLgtd; my;yh`;itad;wp NtW ahUkpy;iy vd;Wk; epr;rakhf K`k;kJ mth;fs;
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; vdTk; (cWjpahd ek;gpf;iff; nfhz;L) rhl;rp $WtJk;>
njhOifia epiwNtw;WtJk;> [fhj;ij toq;FtJk;> ukshdpy; Nehd;G Nehw;gJk;> Nghhpy;
fpilj;j nghUl;fspy; Ie;jpy; xU gq;if toq;FtJkhFk; vd;wdh;.
kJ jahhpf;fg; gad;gLj;jg;gLk; Riuf;FLf;iffs;> gr;ir epwk; G+rg;gl;l [hbfs;> jhh;
G+rg;gl;l ghj;jpuq;fs;> kuf;fl;ilfspd; mbghfq;fis File;J (nra;J vLf;fg;gl;l
ghj;jpuq;fs; (-vd mNefkhf $wpapUf;fyhk; vd \{/gh $wpdhh;) Mfpa ehd;F tifg;
ghj;jpuq;fis cgNahfg;gLj;Jtij jilnra;jdh;.
NkYk; ,tw;iwg; Ngzpf;nfhs;Sq;fs;> cq;fSf;F mg;ghy; cs;sth;fSf;Fk; ,Jgw;wp
njhptpj;JtpLq;fs; vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


(Nkw; $wg;gl;l `jPi]g;gw;wp) ,g;D KMj; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; jdJ `jP]py;
jdJ je;ij my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs; mg;Jy;if]; $l;lj;ijr; Nrh;e;j m\[;[P
vd;gtiu Nehf;fp> epr;rakhf ck;kplk; my;yh`; tpUk;Gk; ,uz;L Fzq;fs; cs;sd. mit
nghWikAk; 1epjhdKk; MFk; vd $wpdhh;fs; vd 2mwptpj;jjhff; $Wfpwhh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mgP[k;uh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G : 1 '`py;K" vd;w thh;j;ijf;F 'nghWik" vd;gJ nghUshFk;. xU rpy mwpQh;fs;
'mwpT" vdTk; nghUs; nfhs;fpd;wdh;.
2
,g;D KMj; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fspd; mwptpg;gpy; ,t;thh;j;ijia mjpfkhff;
$wpAs;shh;.
`jP]; vz; : 2
xU ehs; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; [dq;fSf;F
kj;jpapy; ,Ue;jhh;fs;. (mg;NghJ) xU kdpjh; mth;fsplk; te;J> my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
mth;fNs! '<khd;" vd;why; vd;d? vdf;Nfl;lhh;. mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs;
'my;yh`;itAk; mtdJ (kyf;Ffis) mkuh;fisAk;> mtdJ Ntjj;ijAk;> mtdJ
re;jpg;igAk;> mtdJ J}jh;fisAk; ek;gpf;if nfhs;tJk;> ,Wjpahf vOg;gg;gLNthk;
vd;gij eP ek;gpf;if nfhs;tJkhFk;" vd;wdh;.
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! ',];yhk;" vd;why; vd;d? vd (te;jpUe;jth;) Nfl;lhh;.
(mjw;F) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs; 'my;yh`;it eP tzq;FtJk;> mtDf;F eP vijAk;
$l;lhf;fhky; ,Ug;gJk;> tpjpahf;fg;gl;l njhOiffis eP epiwNtw;WtJk;> tpjpahf;fg;gl;l
[fhj;ij eP epiwNtw;wp tUtJk;> ukshdpy; eP Nehd;G Nehw;gJkhFk;" vd;wdh;.
'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! ,`;]hd; vd;why; vd;d vd (te;jpUg;gth;) Nfl;lhh;.
(mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs;) epr;rakhf ePh; my;yh`;itf; fhz;gJ Nghd;Nw
tzq;FtjhFk;. epr;rakhf ePh; my;yh`;itg; ghh;f;ftpy;iyahapDk;> my;yh`; epr;rakhf
ck;ikg; ghh;j;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpwhd;" vd;wdh;.
(te;jpUe;jth;) 'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! ('fpahkj;" vdg;gLk;) ,Wjp ehs; vg;NghJ"?
vdf; Nfl;ldh;. (mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs;) 'Nfl;ltiu tpl Nfl;fg;gLgth; ,J
gw;wp kpf mwpe;jtuy;yh;. MapDk; mjd; milahsq;fisg; gw;wp ckf;F mLj;J mwptpf;fpNwd;
(vdf;$wp) mbikg;ngz; jdJ v[khdidg;ngw;W tpLthshapd; mJ me;ehspd;
milahsq;fspy; cs;sjhFk;. Milapy;yhjth;fSk; fhypy; nrUg;gzpahjth;fSk;
kf;fSf;Fj; jiyth;fshf MfptpLthh;fshapd; mJ(Tk;) me;ehspd; milahsq;fspy;
cs;sjhFk;. ML Nka;j;Jj; jphpgth;fs; kpf cah;e;j ePz;l fl;blq;fSf;F
chpikahsh;fshfp tpLthh;fshapd; mJ(Tk;) me;ehspd; milahsq;fspy; cs;shjhFk;.
(,d;Dk;) Ie;J tp\aq;fs; - mitfis my;yh`;itad;wp NtW ahUk; mwpakhl;lhh;fs;"
(vdf; $wptpl;L) gpwF
'epr;rakhf my;yh`;tplNk ,Wjpehs; gw;wpa mwpT cz;L. mtNd kioia ,wf;fp
itf;fpwhd;. NkYk; fh;g;gq;fspy; cs;stw;iwAk; mtNd mwpfpwhd;. ve;j Mj;khTk; ehis
vijr; nra;Ak; vd mjw;F njhpahJ. ve;j Mj;khTk; G+kpapy; ,wg;nga;Jk; vd;gijAk; mJ
mwpahJ. epr;rakhf my;yh`; ed;fwpe;jtdhfTk; (nra;jpfis) mwptpg;gtdhfTk;
,Uf;fpwhd;" my;Fh;Md; : 3 1: 3 4 vd;w trdj;ij xjpf;fhl;bdhh;fs;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


mjd; gpwF (te;jpUe;j me;j ) kdpjh; jpUk;gr; nrd;Wtpl;lhh;. mg;NghJ my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
mth;fs; 'me;j kdpjiu kPz;Lk; vd;dplk; mioj;J thUq;fs;" vd;wdh;. mtiuj; jpUk;g
mioj;Jtur; nrd;wth;fs; ahiuAk; (mk;kdpjiuf;) fhztpy;iy vd;wdh;. mg;NghJ
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> ',th;fs;jhd; (te;J
nrd;wth;jhd;) [pg;uPy;> kdpjh;fSf;F mth;fsJ khh;f;fj;ijf; fw;Wj;jUtjw;fhf te;jdh;"
vd;whh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 3
mG+jhypgpd; kuzNtisapd;NghJ my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs; mthplk; te;jhh;fs;.
mthplj;jpy; mG+[`Yk;> mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; mgPcka;ah gpd; KfpuhTk; (mq;Nf) ,Uf;ff;
fz;lhh;fs;. mg;NghJ my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs;> 'vd; je;ijapd; rNfhjuNu! 'yh,yh`
,y;yy;yh`;" vdf; $WtPuhf! ,f;fypkhitf; nfhz;L ckf;fhf my;yh`;tplk; rhl;rp
$WNtd;" vd;W $wpdhh;fs;.
mg;Jy; Kj;jypGila khh;f;fj;ij tpl;Lk; mG+jhypNg ePh; Gwf;fzpf;fpwPuh? vd mG+[`;Yk;>
mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; cika;ahTk; $wpdh;. mtUf;F m(f;fypkhit)ij vLj;Jf;fhl;b
jpUk;gj;jpUk;g mf;$w;iwf; $wpf;nfhz;Nl my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs; ,Ue;jdh;.
vJtiunadpy;> mth;fNshL filrpahf mG+jhypg;> mg;Jy; Kj;jypg;gpd; khh;f;fj;jpy; jhd;
,Ug;gjhf $wptpl;L yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`;it $w kWj;Jtpl;ljhf $Wk;tiuahFk;.
mjd;gpd; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs;> 'my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! ck; tp\aj;jpy; ehd;
(,iwtdhy;) jLf;fg;glhj tiuapYk; ckf;fhf ehd; ghtkd;dpg;Gj; NjLNtd; vd;gij ePh;
njhpe;Jnfhs;tPuhf!" vdf; $wpdhh;fs;. mg;NghJ fz;zpaKk; khpahijf;FKhpa my;yh`;>
epr;rakhf! m(,izitg;g)th;fs; eufj;ij cilath;fs;jhd; vd;gJ njspthdgpwF>
egpath;fNsh> tpRthrpfNsh me;j ,izitg;gth;fSf;fhf - mth;fs; neUq;fpa
cwtpdh;fshapUg;gpDk; (rhpNa) - ghtkd;dpg;G Nfl;gJ $lhJ vd;w trdj;ij
,wf;fpitj;jhd;. mG+jhypgpd; tp\aj;jpy;> cah;thd my;yh`;> jdJ J}jh; mth;fSf;F:
'ePh; tpUk;gpath;fis Neuhd topapy; nrYj;jpl epr;rakhf ck;khy; KbahJ. vdpDk;
my;yh`; jhd; tpUk;gpath;fis Neh;topapy; nrYj;Jfpwhd;. mtNd> Neh;top ngw;wth;fs;
ahh;? vd;gij kpfTk; ed;fwpe;jtdhf ,Uf;fpwhd;" vd;w trdj;ij ,wf;fpitj;jhd; vd
]aPJ gpd; my;K]a;apg; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; jd; je;ij mwptpj;jjhff; $Wfpwhh;.
'yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`; vd mth;fs; $Wk; tiu [dq;fNshL Nghh; nra;AkhW ehd;
fl;lisaplg;gl;Ls;Nsd;" vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 4
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; ,wg;nga;jpagpd;> mth;fSf;F
gpwF mG+gf;fh; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; fyPghthf epakpf;fg;gl;ldh;. mugpah;fspy;
epuhfhpg;gth;fs; ([fhj;ij nfhLf;f kWj;jjd; %yk;) epuhfhpj;Jtpl;ldh;.1
ckh; gpd; fj;jhg; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; mG+gf;fh; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fisg;
ghh;j;J> 'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs; yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{ (tzq;fg;gLgtd;
my;yh`;itad;wp NtnwtUkpy;iy) vd mth;fs; $Wk;tiu mth;fNshL Nghh; nra;AkhW
ehd; fl;lisaplg;gl;Ls;Nsd;. 'ahh; yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{" vdf; $wptpl;lhNuh? mth;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


vd;dpypUe;J mtuJ nghUisAk; capiuAk; fhg;ghw;wpf; nfhz;ltuhthh;. me;j chpikiaf;
nfhz;ly;yhky; mtUila fzf;Fk; my;yh`;tplk; cs;sJ. vdf; $wpapUf;f ePq;fs;
vt;thW [dq;fNshL Nghh; nra;tPh;fs;"? vdf; Nfl;lhh;fs;.

ahh; njhOiff;Fk;> [fhj;Jf;Fkpilapy; tpj;jpahrj;ijf; fw;gpj;jhNuh> mtNuhL ehd; Nghh;


nra;Ntd; (fhuzk;) epr;rakhf [fhj;> nghUspd; kPJs;s chpikahFk;. my;yh`;tpd; kPJ
rj;jpakhf! mth;fs; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk;
([fhj;jhf) nfhLj;J te;j xl;lfk; fl;Lfpd;w fapiwf;$l jLg;ghh;fNsahapd;> mij
mth;fs; jLj;Jf;nfhz;ljw;fhf Nghh; nra;Ntd;? " vd mG+gf;fh; uspay;yh`; md;`{
mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
,ijf; Nfl;l ckh; gpd; fj;jhG uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs;> 'my;yh`; kPJ rj;jpakhf!
mG+gf;fh; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fspd; kdij my;yh`; Nghh; nra;aj; njspT
nra;Jtpl;lhd; vd;gijj; jtpu NtnwijAk; ehd; fhztpy;iy. mNjhL mth;fspd; $w;W
cz;ik vdTk; njhpe;Jnfhz;Nld; " vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G: 1,iw epuhfhpg;G nra;J kjk; khwptpl;lth;fs; ,U rhuhuhf ,Ue;jdh;. khh;f;fj;ij
J}f;fp vwpe;J tpl;L kjk; khwp ,iw epuhfhpg;gpw;Nf jpUk;gptpl;l mth;fisg;gw;wpj;jhd;
'mugpfspy; epuhfhpg;gth; epuhfhpj;Jtpl;ldh;" vd mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
$Wfpwhh;fs;. ,th;fspy; ,U $l;lj;jth; ,Ue;jdh;.
1. gdp `dpghitr; rhh;e;j Ki]ykh vd;gtidr; rhh;e;jth;fs;> mtdJ egpj;jj;Jtj;ij
cz;ik vd ek;gpath;fs;: ,th;fs; xU rhuhh;
2 akidr; Nrh;e;j m];tJ my; md;]pia egp vd Vw;Wf;nfhz;lth;fs;: ,th;fs; kw;nwhU
rhuhh;.
,t;tpU rhuhUNk egp Kfk;kJ ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; egpj;Jtj;ij
epuhfhpj;J fhgph;fshfp tpl;lth;fs;.
mG+gf;fh; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs;> ,t;tpU rhuhNuhL Nghh; nra;J> Ki]ykhit
my;yh`; akhkhtpy; itj;Jk;> my; md]pia> ]d;Mtpy; itj;Jk; (mG+gf;fh; uspay;yh`;
md;`{ mth;fs; %ykhf) nfhd;W tpl;lhd;. mjd; njhlhpy; mt;tpUtiu rhh;e;Njhh;fs;
vy;NyhUk; rpjwbf;fg;gl;Ltpl;ldh;.
%d;whtJ $l;ljpdh;> njhOiff;Fk; [fhj;jpw;Fk; tpj;jpahrk; fw;gpj;J njhOifia kl;Lk;
Vw;Wf;nfhz;L [fhj;ij kWj;jdh;. ,th;fs; midtNuhLk; mG+gf;fh; uspay;yh`; md;`{
mth;fs; Nghh; nra;J rj;jpa ,];yhj;jpd; rfy flikfisAk; epiyehl;btpl;ldh;.
my;yh`; mth;fSf;F kfj;jhd ew;$ypia ey;Fthdhf! MkPd;.
`jP]; vz; : 5
'tzq;fg;gLgtd; my;yh`;itad;wp NtW ahUkpy;iynad;Wk;> epr;rakhf Kfk;kJ
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; vd;Wk; mth;fs; rhl;rpak; $wp
(NkYk;) njhOifiaAk; epiwNtw;wp [fhj;ijAk; nfhLf;fpd;w tiuapYk; ehd;
[dq;fNshL Nghh; nra;Ak;gbahf fl;lisaplg;gl;Ls;Nsd;. [dq;fs; ,ijr;
nra;thh;fshapd; vd;dpypUe;J mth;fs;> jkJ capiuAk; nghUisAk; ghJfhj;Jf;
nfhz;lth;fshthh;fs;. mjd; chpikiaf; nfhz;ly;yhJ mth;fspd; fzf;Fk;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


my;yh`;tplNk ,Uf;fpwJ." vd egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : ,g;D ckh; gpd; my;fj;jhG uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh

fhgph;fspy; cs;s xU kdpjiu 'yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{" vd mth;


$wpa gpwF mtiuf; nfhd;Wtpl;lhy; mthpd; epiy vd;d vd;gJ
gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 6
'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! fhgph;fspy; xU kdpjiu ehd; re;jpf;f Neh;e;jJ mth;
vd;id nfhiy nra;a Kaw;rpj;J> thshy; vdJ ,Uiffspy; xU ifiaAk; mth;
ntl;btpLfpwhh;. mjd; gpwF xU kuj;jpd;ghy; xJq;fp vd;dplk; ghJfhg;Gj; Njbatuhf>
',iwtDf;fhf Kw;wpYk; vd;id ehd; xg;gilj;J (,];yhj;jpyhfp)tpl;Nld;" vd;fpwhh;.
mt;thW mth; mt;thh;j;ijia $wpagpwF ehd; mtiu nfhy;yyhkh?. vd (my;kpf;jhJ gpd;
my; m];tJ) ehd; $wpNdd;. mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs;> 'mtiuf; nfhy;y Ntz;lhk; " vd;wdh;. mg;NghJ ehd;> 'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
mth;fNs! epr;rakhf mth; vd; ifia mth; Jz;bj;Jtpl;lhh;. mt;thW Jz;bj;Jtpl;l
gpwF mt;thh;j;ijiaf; $Wfpwhh;. (MfNt) ehd; mtiuf; nfhy;yyhkh? " vdf; Nfl;Nld;.
mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs;> 'mtiuf; nfhy;yf;$lhJ. fhuzk; mtiu ePh;
nfhd;W tpl;lhy;> mtiuf; nfhy;tjw;F Kd;Ng mth; cd; ];jhdj;jpw;F (,];yhj;jpw;F)
te;JtpLthh; NkYk; mth; ve;j thh;j;ijia $wpdhNuh> mijf; $Wtjw;F Kd; mth;
,Ue;j ,lj;jpy; (fhgpuhf) ePh; MfptpLtPh; " vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : my;kpf;jhJ gpd; my; m];tJ uspay;yh`{ md;`{
mt;[h,a;ap> ,g;D [{iu[; ,t;tpUthpd; `jP]py; ',iwtdplk; vd;id ehd; xg;gilj;J
tpl;Nld;" vdTk;> k/;khpy; `jP]py;> 'mtiuf; nfhy;y ehd; vj;jdpj;j NghJ ~yh,yh`
,y;yy;yh`{~ vdf; $wpdhh;" vdTk; te;Js;sJ.
`jP]; vz; : 7
%d;W Ngh; nfhz;l xU FOthf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; vq;fis mDg;gp itj;jhh;fs;. ehq;fs; mjpfhiyapy; [{i`dh vd;w ChpYs;s
~`{Ufhj;~ vd;w ,lj;ij mile;Njhk;. mg;NghJ xU kdpjiu ehd; (c]hkh)
re;jpj;Njd;. mth; ~yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{~ vdf; $wpdhh;. mg;NghJ mtiu ehd;
jhf;fpNdd;. me;j rk;gtk; vd; kdjpy; Mokhf gjpe;Jtpl;lJ. (gpd;dh;) mr;rk;gtj;ij egp
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; epidT gLj;jpNdd;. mjw;F my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; ~yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{~ vdf; $wpatiu
nfhiy nra;J tpl;BNu! vd;whh;fs;.
'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! MAjj;jpw;F gae;J mt;thW (mij) mth; nrhy;ypapUf;fyhk;
" vd;Nwd;. 'mth; mjw;fhfj;jhd; nrhd;dhuh? ,y;iyah? vdj; njhpe;Jnfhs;s mth;
,jaj;ij ePh; gpse;J ghh;j;jpuh? vd jpUk;gj;jpUk;g nrhy;ypf;nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jdh;. md;iwa
jpdk; ehd; K];ypkhfp ,Uf;ff; $lhjh? (mt;thW ,];yhj;ij Vw;wpUe;jhy; ,jw;F Kd;
Vw;gl;l ,g;ghtk; kd;dpf;fg;gl;L tpLNk) vd (epidj;J) Mirg;gl;Nld;.
(mg;NghJ) ]mJ mth;fs; 'my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! c]hkh nfhiy nra;Ak;tiu

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


xU K];ypik ehd; nfhy;ykhl;Nld;"; vd;W $wpdhh;.
(mg;NghJ kw;nwhU) kdpjh; 've;j Fog;gKk; ,y;yhkyhfp khh;f;fk; KOtJk; ,iwtDf;fhf
MFk;tiu mth;fis nfhy;Yq;fs;>" vd my;yh`; $wtpy;iyah? vdf; Nfl;lhh;.
(mjw;F) ve;j Fog;gKk; ,y;yhky; Mtjw;fhf Ntz;b ehq;fs; nfhiy nra;Njhk;. ePUk;
ckJ Njhoh;fSk; Fog;gq;fis cz;lhf;Ftjw;nfd;Nw Nghh; nra;Js;sPh;fs;." vd ]mJ
uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; (gjpy;) $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : c]hkh gpd; i]J uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh
`jP]; vz; : 8
,g;D [{ighpd; Fog;g fhyj;jpy; [{d;Jg; gpd; mg;Jy;yh`; my; g[yp vd;gth;> m];m]; gpd;
]yhkhtpd;ghy; (xUtiuj; J}J) mDg;gp 'ckJ rNfhjuh;fspy; rpyiu mioj;J xd;whf
Nrh;g;gPuhf! ehd; mth;fSf;F xU nra;jpia mwptpf;f Ntz;Lk;" vd;w nra;jpia> mwptpf;f
nra;jhh;. gpd;dh; xU J}jiu (jkJ rNfhjuh;fspy; xUtiu) mth;fspd;ghy; m];m];
mDg;gp itj;jhh;. mth;fnsy;yhk; xd;whf $bapUe;jNghJ> [{d;Jg; mq;Nf te;jhh;. mth;
jiyNahL Nrh;j;J mzpe;Jnfhs;Sk; kQ;rs; epw [pg;gh mzpe;jpUe;jhh;. ' ePq;fs; Ngr
Ntz;baitfis Ngrpf;nfhs;Sq;fs; " vd;whh;. mth;fs; Ngrpf;nfhz;bUe;j NghJ
jiyAiwia mfw;wp tpl;L> 'epr;rakhf cq;fs; egpath;fis gw;wpay;yhJ NtnwijAk;
cq;fSf;F mwptpf;f ehd; tpUk;gtpy;iy. (mjw;fhfj;jhd;) cq;fsplj;jpy; te;Njd;"
vd;whh;. gpd;dh; fPo;fz;lthW nra;jp mwptpj;jhh;.
'epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; K\;hpfPd;fspy; xU
rhuhpd;ghy; xU FOit mDg;gpitj;jdh;. epr;rakhf mth;fs; (Nghh; Kidapy;) re;jpj;J
nfhz;ldh;. K\;hpfPd;fspy; xUtd; K];ypk;fspy; ahiuf; nfhy;y Ntz;Lk; vd;W
tpUk;gpdhNdh mthplk; neUq;fp mtiuj; jhf;fp> nfhd;W tpl;lhd;. (mijg;Nghd;Nw)
K];ypk;fspy; xUth; (K\;hpfPd;fspy; xUtiuj; jhf;f) re;jh;g;gk; ghh;j;J this
cah;j;Jfpwhh;. mth;jhd; c]hkh gpd; ]apJ vd ehq;fs; vq;fSf;Fs; Ngrpf;nfhz;Nlhk;.
mg;NghJ mtd; (K\;hpf;) ~yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{~ vdf; $wpdhd;. (mjd;gpwF) mth;
(c]hkh) mtidf; nfhd;W tpLfpwhh;".
'nra;jp nrhy;gth; egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; te;jhh;. mthplk; egp
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; nra;jp Nfl;lNghJ me;j kdpjh; (c]hkh)
vt;thW nra;jhNuh (nfhd;whNuh) me;j nra;jpia egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fSf;F njhptpj;jhh;. mg;NghJ egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; me;j
kdpjiu mioj;J> 'ePh; mtiu Vd; nfhiy nra;jPh;? " vdf; Nfl;lhh;fs;. (mjw;fth;)
'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! mtd; K];ypk;fspy; gyiu rq;flg;gLjpdhh;. " rpy egh;fspd;
ngaiuf; Fwpg;gpl;L nrhy;yp ',d;dpd;dtiu nfhiyAk; nra;J tpl;lhh;. (vdNtjhd;)
mtiu ehd; cWjpahfj; jhf;fpNdd;. thisg;ghh;j;j gpd;dh;jhd; ~yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{~
vdf; $wpdhh;. " vd;Wiwj;jhh;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; 'mtiuf; nfhiy nra;jPuh?" vdf; Nfl;lhh;fs;. mjw;fth; ~Mk;~ vd;whh;. 'kWik
ehspy; (mth; ,];yhk; Mfptpl;lhh; vd;W) ~yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{~ (thjk;
nra;a)tUNkahdhy; mjNdhL eP vd;d nra;tha;? " vd;whh;fs;.
mjw;fth; 'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fNs! vdf;fhf
ghtkd;dpg;G Nfl;gPh;fshf! " vd;Wiwj;jhh;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


'yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{~ vd;gJ kWikapy; te;jhy; vd;d nra;tPh; " vd;W Nfl;lhh;fs;
(mjhtJ) yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{ vd;gJ kWikapy; te;jhy; mjNdhL vd;d nra;tPh;? "
vd;W $wpdhh;fs;> mijtpl NtW vijAk; mjpfkhf nrhy;ytpy;iy.
mwptpg;gth; : ]/g;thd; gpd; K`;hp[; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

re;Njfkpd;wp <khd; nfhz;l epiyapy; cah;thd my;yh`;it ahh;


re;jpf;fpd;whNuh? mth; Rtdk; GFe;J tpl;lhh; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 9
'tzq;fg;gLgtd; my;yh`;itad;wp NtnwtUkpy;iy vd cWjpahf njhpe;jtuhf (tpRthrk;
nfhz;L) ahh; ,wg;nga;jptpl;lhNuh> mth; Rtdk; GFe;JtpLthh;. " vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpajhf c];khd; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs;
mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.
`jP]; vz; : 10
~jG+f;~ Aj;jk; ele;jNghJ> kf;fSf;F fLk;grp Vw;gl;lJ. mg;NghJ egpj;Njhoh;fs;
'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! ePq;fs; mDkjp mspj;jhy; jz;zPh; Rkf;Fk; xl;liffis
mWj;J cz;zyhk;. (mjd; nfhOg;ig) vz;nza;ahf ehk; gad;gLj;jpf; nfhs;syhk; "
vd;W $wpdhh;fs;. 'mt;thNw nra;J nfhs;Sq;fs; " vd;W egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;. clNd ckh; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; te;J
'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! mt;thW nra;jhy; thfdg; gw;whf;Fiw Vw;gl;LtpLk; vdpDk;
mth;fsplk; vQ;rpAs;s czTfis nfhz;L tur;nra;J> mjpy; mth;fSf;F guf;fj;
(mgptpUj;jp) Vw;gLkhW my;yh`;tplk; ePq;fs; gpuhh;j;jid nra;Aq;fs; mjpy; my;yh`;
mgptpUj;jpia Vw;gLj;jf;$Lk; vd (ckh; uspay;yh`; md;`{ ) mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; ~Mk;~ vd;W $wptpl;L xU Njhy; tphpg;gig
vLj;J tur; nra;J mij tphpj;jdh;. gpd;dh; mth;fsplk; vQ;rpapUe;j czTfis nfhz;L
tUkhW $wpdhh;fs;. rpyh; ifasT Kj;Jr;Nrhsk; nfhz;L te;jdh;. rpyh; ifasT
Nghpj;jk;goq;fis nfhz;L te;jdh;. kw;Wk; rpyh; nuhl;bj;Jz;Lfisf; nfhz;L te;jdh;.
,g;gbahf tphpg;gpy; rpwpjsT czTg; nghUl;fs; Nrh;e;jd. mgptpUj;jpf;fhf my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; ~JM~ nra;jdh;. 'cq;fs; czTg;igfspy;
epug;gpf;nfhs;Sq;fs; " vd;W $wpdhh;fs;. vy;NyhUk; mtuth;fspd; ghj;jpuq;fspy;
epug;gpf;nfhz;ldh;. vJtiu vdpy; Nghh;fsj;jpypUe;j ve;j ghj;jpuj;ijAk; epug;ghJ
mth;fs; tpl;Litf;ftpy;iy. tapW epuk;g rhg;gpl;ldh;. gpd;dUk; rpwpJ kPjkpUe;jJ.
mg;NghJ my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; 'tzf;fj;jpw;Fhpatd;
my;yh`;itj; jtpu NtWahUkpy;iy vd;Wk;> epr;rakhf ehd; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; vd;Wk;
cWjpahf ek;gp> vt;tpj re;NjfKk; nfhs;shky; xU mbahd; my;yh`;it re;jpj;jhy;
Rth;f;fj;ijtpl;Lk; mtd; jLf;fg;glkhl;lhd;. " vd;W $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+]<j; my; Fj;hp uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 11
cghjh gpd;]hkpj; kuzpf;Fk; jUthapy; ,Ue;jNghJ mthplk; ehd; (m];]Pdhgp`p) nrd;W
mONjd;. 'nghWj;jpU! Vd; mOfpwha;. my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf ehd;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


rhl;rpahf;fg;gl;lhy;> epr;rakhf cdf;fhf rhl;rp $WNtd;. ehd; ghpe;Jiu
nra;tpf;fg;gl;lhy;> epr;rakhf cdf;fhf ghpe;Jiug;Ngd;. vd;dhy; Kbe;jhy;> epr;rakhf!
cdf;F gadhf ,Ug;Ngd;. my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`;
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; ,Ue;J Nfl;l> ve;j `jPi]Ak; ehd; mwptpf;fhky;
,Ue;jjpy;iy 'xNu xU `jPi]j;jtpu. ,d;iwa jpdk; mij cq;fSf;F ehd;
mwptpf;fpNwd;. epr;rakhf vdf;F kuzk; neUq;fptpl;lJ ".
'tzq;fg;gLgtd; my;yh`;itad;wp NtW ahUkpy;iy vd;Wk;> epr;rakhf Kfk;kJ
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; vd;Wk; ahh; rhl;rp $wpdhNuh>
mth; kPJ eufj;ij my;yh`{j;jMyh `ukhf;fp tpl;lhd;. ,d;W mth;fs;
nrhy;ypf;nfhz;bUf;f ehd; nrtpAw;Nwd; " vd;gjhf cghjh gpd;]hkpj; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : m];]Pdh gp`p uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 12
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fisr; Rw;wp ehq;fs;
mkh;e;jpUe;Njhk;. Rpy egh;fNshL vq;fSld; mG+gf;fUf;Fk;> ckUk; ,Ue;jdh;.
vq;fsplkpUe;J my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; vOe;J
nrd;whh;fs;. mth;fs; jpUk;gptu jhkjkhdJ. vq;fsJ vjphpfspdhy; mth;fs;
rq;flg;gLj;jg;gLthh;fNsh vdg; gae;J jpLf;fKw;W vOe;Njhk;. mt;thW jpLf;fpl;lth;fspy;
Kjyhktdhf ehd; (mG+`{iuuh) ,Ue;Njd;. MfNt my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`;
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fis Njbf;nfhz;L gdpd;d[;[hh; fpisapYs;s md;rhhp
xUtUf;Fhpa Njhl;lj;ij te;J mile;Njd;. mjw;F vq;NfAk; thry; ,Uf;fpwjh? vd;W
Njbg;ghh;j;Njd;. fhztpy;iy. Ntypapy; ,Ue;j fpzw;wpypUe;J fhy;tha; xd;W Rtw;wpd;
Jthuj;jpd; topahf Eiotijf; fz;Nld;. Fs;sehpiag;Nghd;W vd;id xLf;fpf;nfhz;L
(mjpy; EiOe;J) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk;
te;jile;Njd;. 'mG+`{iuuhth? " vdf; Nfl;lhh;fs;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! Mk;
vd;Nwd;. ~vd;d nra;jp?~ vdf; Nfl;lhh;fs;. 'vq;fSf;F kj;jpapypUe;J vOe;J nrd;w
ePq;fs; (jpUk;gp) tuj; jhkjkhdjhy; cq;fSf;F> ,izitg;gth;fshy; VNjDk; rq;flk;
Vw;gl;L ,Uf;FNkh! vd;W ehq;fs; gae;Njhk;. jpLf;fpl;L vOe;jth;fspy; ehd; Kjyhktd;.
MfNt ,e;j Njhl;lj;jpw;F te;J Fs;sehp XLq;FtJ Nghd;W XLq;fp cs;Ns Eioe;J
tpl;Nld;. [dq;fnsy;yhk; vdf;F (Rtw;wpw;F) mg;ghy; cs;shh;fs;. ~mG+`{iuuhNt!~ vd
mioj;J mth;fsJ ,U fhyzpfisAk; (jk;ikg; ghh;j;jjw;F milahskhf) nfhLj;J
,t;tpU fhyzpfisAk; nfhz;L nry;tPuhf! tzq;fg;gLgtd; my;yh`;itad;wp NtW
ahWkpy;iy vd;gij kdjhy; cWjp nfhz;L rhl;rp $Wk; vtiuahtJ ePh; ,e;j
Rtw;Wf;fg;ghy; re;jpj;jhy; mtUf;F Rtdj;ijf; nfhz;L ew;nra;jp $WtPuhf! vd;wdh;.
(mjw;Fg; gpwF) Kjypy; ehd; re;jpj;j kdpjh; ckuhthh;. (ckh; mth;fs; vd;idg;
ghh;j;jJk;) 'mG+`{iuuhNt! ,e;j ,U ghjmzpfs; vd;d? " vd;W Nfl;lhh;fs;. ,it
,uz;Lk; my;yh`;tpd; J}jUila fhyzpfshFk;. ,t;tpuz;ilAk; nfhLj;J vd;id
mDg;gpdhh;fs;. ~yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{” vd kdjhy; cWjpnfhz;L rhl;rp $Wgtiu
ehd; re;jpj;jhy; Rtdj;ijf; nfhz;L ew;nra;jp $WNtd; vd;Nwd;.
ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; vdJ eLkhh;gpy; mbf;f ehd; gpd;Gwkhf fpNo
tpOe;Njd;. 'mG+`{iuuhNt! ePh; jpUk;gpr;nry;Yk; " vd;wdh;. mjd;gpd; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; jpUk;gpr; nrd;W mOjthW Nrh;e;jdh;. mg;NghJ

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; ~mG+`{iuuhNt! ckf;F vd;d
Neh;e;jJ? vd;wdh;.
'ckiu re;jpj;jNghJ vijf; nfhz;L nry;YkhW $wpdPh;fNsh mijj; njhptpj;Njd;. vd;
eLkhh;gpy; xh; mb mbj;jhh;. gpd;Gwkha; ehd; tpOe;Jtpl;Nld;" ~jpUk;gpr; nry;” vd vd;dplk;
mth; $wpdhh;. ckh; mth;fisg; ghh;j;J ',t;thW nra;a ck;ikj; J}z;baJ vJ? " vd
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; Nfl;ljw;F 'my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; mth;fNs! vd;Dila ngw;Nwhh; jq;fSf;F mh;gzkhfl;Lk;. ~yh,yh`
,y;yy;yh`{” vd;gij kdjpy; cWjpnfhz;L rhl;rp $Wk; ahiur; re;jpj;jhYk;
Rtdj;ijf; nfhz;L ed;khuhak; $Wtjw;nfd;W mG+`{iuuhtplk; jq;fsJ fhyzpfis
nfhLj;jDg;gpdhh;fsh?" vdf; Nfl;lhh;. mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; ~Mk;” vd;wdh;. (mjw;F ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs;) 'mt;thW
jhq;fs; nra;a Ntz;lhk;. fhuzk; [dq;fs; mijNa rhh;e;J epd;WtpLth;. (MfNt)
mth;fis nray;gl tpLq;fs; " vd;wdh;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs;> 'mth;fis(r; nray;gl) tpl;LtpLq;fs; " vd;wdh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G: mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; jhkhf $wtpy;iy> egp ]y;yy;yh`;
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplkpUe;J Nfl;Lte;Jjhd; $Wfpwhh;fs; vd;gjw;Fk;> mf;
fhyzpfs; ,y;yhkNy mth;fs; $w;W Vw;Wf; nfhs;sg;gl;ljhf ,Ug;gpDk;> mf; fhyzpfis
ghh;g;gth;fspd; kdjpy; ,J egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSilaJ jhd;>
MfNt mthpd; $w;W egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; $w;Nwjhd; vd;gJ
kdjpy; gjptjw;fhfTk; ,t;thW nfhLj;jDg;gpdhh;fs;.
`jP]; vz; : 13
egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F gpd;dhy; (thfdj;jpy;) mkh;e;jpUe;Njd;.
mth;fSf;Fk; vdf;Fk; ,ilapy; thfdj;jpy; fl;lg;gl;bUf;Fk; Fr;rpiaj; jtpu NtnwJTk;
,y;iy. (mg;NghJ) 'KMJ gpd; [gy; mth;fNs! " vd;wioj;jdh;. 'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
mth;fNs! cq;fsJ miog;gpw;F ,Njh M[h; MfpapUf;fpNwd;. cq;fSf;F fPo;g;gbfpd;w
kfpo;r;rpf;fhf Mtyhf fhj;jpUf;fpNwd;." vdf; $wpNdd;. gpwF rpwpJ Neuk; nrd;wdh;. gpwF
'KMJ gpd; [gy; mth;fNs! " vd;wdh;. 'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! cq;fsJ
miog;gpw;F ,Njh M[uhfpapUf;fpNwd;. cq;fSf;F fPo;gzpfpd;w kfpo;r;rpf;fhf Mtyhf
fhj;jpUf;fpNwd;" vd;Nwd;. gpwF rpwpJ Neuk; (thfdj;jpy;) nrd;wdh;. 'KMJ gpd; [gy;
mth;fNs!" vd;wdh;. 'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! cq;fsJ miog;gpw;F ,Njh
M[uhfpapUf;fpNwd;. cq;fSf;F fPo;gbfpd;w kfpo;r;rpf;fhf Mtyhf fhj;jpUf;fpNwd; "
vd;Nwd;. 'mbahh;fs; my;yh`;tpw;F nrYj;j Ntz;ba flik vd;d vd;gJ cdf;F
njhpAkh? " vd;whh;fs;. 'my;yh`;Tk; mtdJ J}jUk; kpfj; njhpe;jth;fs; " vd;Nwd;.
'epr;rakhf mbahh;fs; my;yh`;Tf;F nrYj;j Ntz;ba flik> mtid tzq;FtJk;
mtDf;F vijAk; ,izahf;fhky; ,Ug;gjhFk; " vd;wdh;. gpwF rpwpJ Neuk; thfdj;jpy;
nrd;wdh;. 'KMJ gpd; [gy; mth;fNs! " vd;wioj;jdh;. 'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs!
,Njh cq;fs; miog;gpw;F M[uhfpapUf;fpNwd;. cq;fSf;F fPo;gzpfpd;w kfpo;r;rpf;fhf
Mtyhf fhj;jpUf;fpNwd; " vd;Nwd;.
'mbahh;fs; mt;thW ele;J nfhz;lhy; mbahh;fSf;F my;yh`; nra;a Ntz;ba flik
vd;d njhpAkh? " vdf; Nfl;lhh;fs;. 'my;yh`;Tk; mtdJ J}jUk; kpfj; njhpe;jth;fs; "

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


vd;Nwd;. 'mth;fis mtd; jz;bf;fhky; ,Ug;gNjahFk;. " vd;wdh;.
mwptpg;gth; : KMJ gpd; [gy; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 14
ehd; (k`;%J gpd; mh;ugP/c) ntspA+hpypUe;J kjpdhtpw;F te;Njd;. ,j;ghd; gpd; khypf;
mth;fisr; re;jpj;J 'cq;fs; topapy; vdf;F xU `jP]; fpilj;jJ " vdf; $wpNdd;.
(mjw;F ,j;ghd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; fPo;fz;lthW gjpYiuj;jhh;fs;)
vd; ghh;itapy; gOJ Vw;gl;ljhy; 'vd; tPl;by; te;J jhq;fs; njhO Ntz;Lk;. me;j
,lj;ij ehd; njhOkplkhf Mf;fp nfhs;s tpUk;GfpNwd;."vd;w nra;jpia xUth; %ykhf
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F mDg;gpNdd;.
egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSk;> mth;fsJ Njhoh;fspy; my;yh`; ahiu
ehbdhNd mth;fSk;> vd;dplk; te;jdh;. (mg;NghJ) egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; vd; tPl;by; Eioe;J njhOJ nfhz;bUe;jdh;. Njhoh;fs; jq;fSf;F kj;jpapy;
Ngrpf;nfhz;bUe;jdh;. (mg;NghJ) mth;fs; eatQ;rfk; gw;wpAk; mth;fsJ mUtUg;ghd
nray;fs; gw;wpAk;> mth;fs; %ykhf K];ypk;fSf;F Vw;gl;l jPikfs; gw;wpAk;
Ngrpf;nfhz;bUe;jdh;. mjd; ngUk;gFjp (Kf;fpakhd Ngr;Rfs;) khypf; gpd; Jf;\{k;
vd;gtiug; gw;wpajhf ,Ue;jJ.mth;fs; Ngr;rpy; egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; mtUf;F jPa gpuhh;j;jid nra;J mjd;%yk; mth; (khypf; gpd; Jf;\{k;)
mopal;Lk;> my;yJ mtUf;F jPq;F Vw;gll;Lk; vd;gij tpUk;gpdh;. ,jw;fpilapy;
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; njhOifia Kbj;Jf;nfhz;L
'tzq;fg;gLgtd; my;yh`;itad;wp NtW ahUkpy;iy vdTk; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; vdTk;
mth; (khypf; gpd; Jf;\{k;) rhl;rp $wtpy;iyah?" vdf; Nfl;ldh;. mjw;fth;fs;
epr;rakhfNt 'mij mth; $Wfpwhh;. Mdhy; mth; kdjpy; mJ ,y;iy " vd;wdh;.
'tzq;fg;gLgtd; my;yh`;itad;wp NtW ahUkpy;iy vdTk;> epr;rakhf ehd; my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; vdTk; ahh; rhl;rp $WfpwhNuh mth; eufj;jpy; Eioa khl;lhh;. mtiu eufk;
jpz;zhJ." vdf; $wpdhh;. vdf;F ,e;j `jP]; (kpf ed;whf epidtpy;) Mr;rhpakhf
,Ue;jJ. vdNt vd; kfdplk; vOJkhW $wpNdd;. mth; mij vOjp tpl;ljhf $wpdhh;.
mwptpg;gth;: k`;%J gpd; mh;ugP/c uspay;yh`{ md;`{

<khd; vd;why; vd;d? vd;gJ gw;wpAk; mjd; fhhpaq;fs; gw;wpa


tpsf;fKk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 15
mg;Jy; if]; $l;lj;ijr; Nrh;e;j rpy kdpjh;fs; gazj;jpy; ,Ue;J egp ]y;yy;yh`;
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; te;J 'my;yh`;tpd; egp mth;fNs! epr;rakhf ehq;fs; ugpM
$l;lj;ijr; Nrh;e;jth;fs;. vq;fSf;Fk; cq;fSf;Fk; kj;jpapy; Ksh; ($l;lj;ijr; Nrh;e;j)
fhgph;fs; cs;sdh;. Gdpjkhd khjq;fspyhtJ cq;fsplk; tu ehq;fs; rf;jpaw;wth;fshf
,Uf;fpNwhk;. vq;fSf;F (rpy) fl;lisia ,LtPh;fshf! vq;fSf;F mg;ghy;
,Ug;gth;fSf;F mf; fl;lisfisr; nra;AkhW VTNthk;. mjd;gb ele;jhy; mij itj;J
Rtdj;jpYk; gpuNtrpg;Nghk;" vd;wdh;.
'cq;fSf;F ehd;F (tp\aq;fis nra;AkhW) fl;lisapLfpNwd;. ehd;F (tp\aq;fisr;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


nra;tjpypUe;Jk;) jLf;fpNwd;. my;yh`;it (kl;LNk) tzq;Fq;fs; mtDf;F
ahnjhd;iwAk; ,iz itf;fhjPh;fs;. njhOifia epiy ehl;Lq;fs;. [fhj;ijf;
nfhLq;fs;.

ukshd; (khjj;jpy;) Nehd;G itAq;fs;. Nghh;fsj;jpypUe;J fpilj;j nghUl;fspy; Ie;jpy;


xd;iw nfhLj;J tpLq;fs;. (gourq;fs; Cw itg;gjw;fhf) Riuf;FLf;iffs;> kz; (ku)
[hbfs;> jhh;G+rg;gl;l ghj;jpuq;fs; (gPg;gha;fs;)> <r;r kuj;jpd; mbf;fl;ilapypUe;J
File;njLf;fg;gl;litfs; Mfpa ehd;if cgNahfpg;gjpypUe;J cq;fis ehd;
jLf;fpNwd;." vd;W my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
$wpdhh;fs;.
(mjw;fth;fs;) my;yh`;tpd; egp mth;fNs! 'e(f;)fPiu cq;fSf;F njhpAkh? " vdf;
Nfl;ldh;. 'Mk;! <r;rkuj;jpd; mbia File;njLg;gPh;fs;. gpd;dh; mjpy; <j;jk;go tiffspy;
rpwpaitfis NghLtPh;fs;. (<j;jk; goj;ij mjpy; NghLfpwPh;fs; vdTk; (egp ]y;yy;yh`;
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;) $wpdhh;fs; vd;gjhf kw;nwhU mwptpg;gpy; te;Js;sjhf ]<J
Fwpg;gpLfpwhh;) mjd;gpd; mjpy; jz;zPiu Cw;WtPh;fs;. mjd; nfhjpg;G mlq;fptpl;lJk; mij
Fbg;gPh;fs;. Nghij jiyf;NfwpaJk; mth;fspy; (my;yJ cq;fspy;) xUth; mtuJ rpwpa
je;ijapd; kfidAk; thshy; ntl;btpLthh; " vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`;
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpaJ Nghd;Nw fhak;
mile;j kdpjUk; me;j $l;lj;jpy; ,Ue;jhh;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fsplkpUe;J ehd; ntl;fk; mile;jtdhf mij kiwj;Jtpl;Nld; vd
(gpd;dh;) mth; $wpdhh;.
mjd;gpwF ehd; (mwptpg;gth;) 've;j ghj;jpuj;jpy; ePh; mUe;JtJ? vdf; Nfl;Nld;. 'mjd;
tha;fs; fapw;wpdhy; fl;lg;gl;bUf;FNkh mj;jifa gjdplg;gl;l Njhy; igfs; (%ykhf) "
vd;wdh;.
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fNs! vq;fs; G+kpapy; vypfs;
mjpfk; cz;L. Njhy; igfis Fbf;Fk; ghj;jpuq;fshf cgNahfpj;jhy; epiyj;jpUf;fhJ
(vypfs; fbj;J tPzhf;fp tpLk;.) " vd;Nwd;. mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`;
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; 'vypfs; mij fbj;J tpl;lhYk; rhp! vypfs; mij fbj;J
tpl;lhYk; rhp! vypfs; mij fbj;J tpl;lhYk; rhp! vd ciuj;jdh;.
gpd;dh; 'mg;Jy; if]pd; m\[;[{! " (vd;gtiug; ghh;j;J) 'epr;rakhf ck;kplk; ,uz;L
Fzq;fs; cz;L. mt;tpuz;Lk; my;yh`; tpUk;Gfpwhd;. mit rfpg;gj;jd;ik (mwpT)k;>
epjhdKk; " vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG ]<J my; Fj;hpa;ap uspay;yh`{ md;`{

'my;yh`;it ek;gpf;if nfhs;tJk; nray;fspy; kpf kpfr;


rpwe;jjhFk; " vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 16
'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fNs! mky;fspy; kpfr; rpwe;jJ
ahJ? "vd ehd; (mGjh;U) Nfl;Nld;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


'my;yh`;it ek;GtJk; mtdJ ghijapy; mwg;Nghh; nra;tJk; MFk;." vd;wdh;.
'mbikfis chpik tpLtjpy; 1kpfr; rpwe;jJ vJ ? " vd ehd; Nfl;Nld;.
'mjw;Fhpath;fsplk; kpf cah;e;jJk; mtw;wpy; fpuaj;jhy; kpff; $baJk; MFk;." vd;wdh;.
'mij ehd; nra;atpy;iyahdy; ? " vd ehd; Nfl;Nld;.
'njhopy; nra;gDf;F cjTtPuhf! my;yJ njhopy; ,y;yhjtDf;F njhopiy (Vw;gLj;jp)
nfhLg;gPuhf! " vd;wdh;.
'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fNs! rpy nray;fis
nra;tjpypUe;J ehd; gyfPdk; mile;J tpl;lhy;? " (ehd; vd;d nra;a Ntz;Lnkdr;
nrhy;fpwPh;fs;) vd Nfl;Nld;.
'kdpjh;fis tpl;Lk; cd; jPikia jLj;Jf;nfhs;. mJ cdf;F nra;J nfhs;Sk;
jh;kkhFk;. " vd;wdh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mGjh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G : 1xU fpuaj;ij eph;zak; nra;J mf;fpuaj;ij epiwNtw;wptpbd; mth; chpik
ngw;wtuhf MfptpLfpwhh;. ,t;thW vOjg;gl;lth;fisg; gw;wpj;jhd; ,q;F $wg;gLfpwJ.

'<khidg; gw;wpa fl;lisAk;> i\j;jhdpd; Cryhl;lj;jpd; NghJ


my;yh`;itf; nfhz;L fhf;fj; NjLtJk; "1 vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 17 m
[dq;fs; mwpitg; gw;wp cq;fsplk; Nfl;ltuhf ,Ug;gh;. vJtiu vdpy; ',td; my;yh`;!
(mt;thW vdpy;) my;yh`;itg; gilj;jJ ahh;? " vdf; Nfl;Lk; tiu vd my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
xU re;jh;g;gj;jpy; ehd; (`jPi] mwptpg;gth;) gs;spapy; ,Ue;Njd;. mg;NghJ fpuhkj;J
mugpfspy; rpyh; vd;dplk; te;J> 'mG+`{iuuhNt! ,Njh my;yh`; ek;ikg; gilj;jhd;>
mt;thnwdpy; my;yh`;itg; gilj;jJ ahh;? " vdf; Nfl;lhh;fs;.
(,t;thW mth;fs;) Nfl;lJNk ehd; vdJ Kd;ifapy; nghbfw;fis vLj;J mth;fs; kPJ
vwpe;Jtpl;L 'vOe;jpUq;fs;! vOe;jpUq;fs;!! vdJ cw;w ez;gh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; cz;ikNa ciuj;jhh;fs; vdf; $wpNdd;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G: 1 ,g;ghlj;jpy; $wg;gl;l `jP]py; fhf;fj;NjLtJ gw;wpNah tpRthrk; nfhs;tJ
gw;wpNah $wg;gltpy;iy. K];ypkpy; NtnwhU mwptpg;gpy; 'vdmt;thW ahUf;NfDk; kdjpy;
Njhd;wpdhy; ~Mkd;(j;)J gpy;yh`{| vdf; $wTk; vd;gjhf te;Js;sJ. gpwpnjhW
mwptpg;gpy; me;epiyia mile;J tpl;lhy; my;yh`;itf; nfhz;L fhf;fj; NjlTk;>
mjpypUe;J tpyfpf; nfhs;sTk; " vd te;Js;sJ.
`jP]; vz; : 17M
[dq;fs; cq;fsplk; mwpitg;gw;wp Nfl;gth;fshfNt ,Ug;gh;. ',Njh my;yh`;! mtd;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


ek;ikg;gilj;jhd;. (mt;thW vdpy;) my;yh`;itg; gilj;jJ ahh;? " vd Nfl;Fk; tiu
my;yh`;Tk;> mtdpd; J}jUk; cz;ikNa ciuj;jdh;. (,jw;F Kd;G xUth; ,Jgw;wp)
vd;dplk; Nfl;bUe;jhh;. ,th; ,uz;lkhdtuhth;. te;jth;fspy; xU kdpjhpd; ifia mth;
(mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`; md;`{) gpbj;jtuhf ,Uf;f $wpdhh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+ `{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

'my;yh`;it ek;gpf;if nfhs;tJk; mjpy; epiyj;jpUg;gJk; "vd;gJ


gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 18
'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fNs! ,];yhj;jpy; xU nrhy;iy
vdf;F nrhy;ypj;jhUq;fs;. cq;fSf;F gpwF mJ gw;wp ahhplKk; ehd; Nfl;f khl;Nld;. "
vdf; Nfl;Nld;.
(mgP c]hkh uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fspd; mwptpg;gpy; cq;fisj; jtpu NtW ahhplKk;
ehd; Nfl;fNt khl;Nld; vd Nfl;ljhf cs;sJ)
'my;yh`;it ek;gpf;if nfhz;Ls;Nsd; vdf; $wp mjd; gpwF mjpy; epiyj;jpUg;ghahf"
vd (egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;) $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : R/g;ahd; gpd; mg;Jy;yh`; mj;jf/gp uspay;yh`{ md;`{

egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpa mj;jhl;rp


(mw;Gjq;)fs; gw;wpAk;> mtw;iw tpRthrk; nfhs;tJk; gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 19
egpkhh;fspy; xt;nthU egpkPJk; kdpjh;fs; tpRthrk; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; vd;gjw;fhf
mj;jhl;rpfs; (mw;Gjq;fs;) nfhLf;fg;gl;lNj jtpu Ntwpy;iy. ,ij kdpjh;fs;
tpRthrpj;jdh;. (kfj;JtKk; fz;zpaKk; nghUe;jpa my;yh`;thy;) vdf;F
nfhLf;fg;gl;lnjy;yhk; t`P (vDk; mwptpg;ghfpa my;Fh;Md;) jhd;. mij vdf;F my;yh`;
mwptpj;jhd;. kWik ehspd;NghJ mth; (me;j egpkhh;)fisnay;yhk; tpl kpff; $Ljyhd
gpd;gw;Wgth;fis (ck;kj;Jfis) cilatdhf ehd; ,Uf;f (my;yh`;tplk;) MjuT
itf;fpNwd; vd egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 20
K`k;kjpd; caph; vtd; iftrk; ,Uf;fpwNjh? mtd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! ',e;j rKfj;jpy;
A+jNuh> fpU];j;jtNuh vd;idg;gw;wp Nfs;tpgl;l gpd;dUk; ehd; v(e;j khh;f;fj;)ijf;
nfhz;L mDg;gg;gl;NlNdh mij tpRthrk; nfhs;shJ> ,we;JtpLthuhapd; mth; euf
thrpfspy; xUtuhf Mfptpl;ltuhfNt jtpu Ntwpy;iy. " vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


`jP]; vz; : 21
Fuhrhd; ehl;ilr; Nrh;e;jth;fspy; xU kdpjiu ehd; fz;Nld;. mth; \mgPaplk; 'mgh
mk;U mth;fNs! ekf;F Kd; ,Ue;j Fuhrhd;thrpfs; 'xU kdpjh; jd; mbikia chpik
tpl;l gpwF mtisj; jpUkzk; nra;Jnfhz;lhy; jdJ rthhpf;Fhpa kpUfj;ij
Gzh;e;jtidg; Nghd;wtdhthd;. " vdf; $wf;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh; vdf; $wpdhh;.
mijf; Nfl;l \mgP mth;fs;>
'epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> %d;W
rhuhh;fSf;F ,U Kiw mth;fsJ $yp ey;fg;gLk; vd;gjhf $wp
Ntjf;fhuh;fspy; xU kdpjh; jdJ egpiaAk; tpRthrq;nfhz;L (,e;j)
egpiag;ngw;Wf;nfhz;l gpd;dh; ,th;fisAk; tpRthrq;nfhz;L> ,th;fisg; gpd;gw;wp>
,th;fis cz;ikg;gLj;jpdhy;> me;j kdpjUf;F ,U $yp cz;L vd;Wk;>
XU mbikahdtd;> fz;zpaKk; kfj;JtKk; nghUe;jpa my;yh`; jd; kPJ
flikahf;fpatw;iw epiwNtw;wp tUtNjhL> jdJ v[khdUf;F nra;a Ntz;ba
flikfisAk;> epiwNtw;wp te;jhy; mtUf;F ,U $yp cz;L vd;Wk;>
XU kdpjUf;F xU mbikg;ngz; ,Ue;J. mtSf;F cztspj;J> mtSf;F
cztspg;gjpy; ey;y Kiwapy; ele;J> mtSf;F ey;y xOf;fj;ijAk; fw;Wf; nfhLj;J>
gpwF chpikAk; tpl;Ltpl;L> mtis mth; jpUkzk; nra;J nfhz;lhy; mtUf;F(k;) ,U
$ypfs; cz;L vd;Wk; $wpajhf> jdJ je;ij mwptpj;jhh;> vd mGjh;jh gpd; mgP%]h
mth;fs; (vdf;F) mwptpj;jhh;fs;." vd (Fuhrhd; ehl;ltiug; ghh;j;J) $wpdhh;fs;.
(te;jpUe;j) Fuhrhd; ehl;ilr; Nrh;e;jtiug; ghh;j;J've;j gpujpgyDkpd;wp ,e;j `jPi]
vLj;Jf;nfhs;tPuhf! fhuzk; (ckf;F Kd; te;j kw;nwhU) kdpjh; ,J (,r;
nra;jpA)Tkpy;yhky; kjPdhTf;F gazkhfpAs;shh; " vd;wdh;.
\mgP mth;fisg; gw;wpa ,e;j `jPi]
mwptpg;gth; : ]hyp`; gpd; ]hyp`; my;`jhdp uspay;yh`{ md;`{

'%d;W fhhpaq;fs; ahhplk; cs;sNjh mth; <khdpd; ,d;gj;ijg;


ngw;WtpLfpwhh;" vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 22
%d;W fhhpaq;fs; ahhplk; ,Uf;fpwNjh mth; mitfspd; %ykhf <khdpd; ,d;gj;ijg;
ngw;WtpLfpd;whh;.
1. mt;tpUtuy;yhj kw;widj;ijAk;tpl my;yh`;itAk; mtdJ J}jUk; mtUf;F
kpfg;gphpakhdth;fshf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.
2. mth; kdpjiu Nerpg;ghh; me; Nerk; my;yh`;Tf;fhf md;wp (kw;nwtUf;fhfTk;)
,Uf;fhJ.
3 . (Fg;h; vDk;) ,iw epuhfhpg;gpypUe;J my;yh`; mtiuf; fhg;ghw;wpf; fiu Nrh;j;jgpd;
eufj;Jf;Fs; Nghlg;gLtij ntWg;gJNghd;W> kPz;Lk; Fg;h; (,iw epuhfhpg;G)f;Fs; jpUk;gr;
nry;tij mth; ntWf;fNtz;Lk; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : md]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 23
'jd; gps;is(fis)tpl> ngw;Nwhh;fistpl> kw;WKs;s Vida [dq;fistplTk; mtUf;F
ehd; kpf tpUg;gKs;stuhf MFk;tiu> cq;fspy; vtUk; <khd; nfhz;ltuhf Mfkhl;lhh; "
vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wp ,Uf;fpwhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : md]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 24
'vdJ caph; vtd; fuj;jpypUf;fpwNjh mtd;kPJ rj;jpakhf> xU mbahd; jdf;F
vijnay;yhk; tpUk;GfpwhNuh mij jdJ mz;il tPl;lhUf;F ( my;yJ jdJ
rNfhjuUf;F) vdf; $wpapUf;fyhk;. mth; tpUk;ghjtiu (mth;) <khd; nfhz;ltuhf
Mfkhl;lhh; " vd egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : md]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 25
'ahh; my;yh`;it ,ul;rfdhfTk;> ,];yhj;ij khh;f;fkhfTk;> K`k;kJ mth;fisj;
J}juhfTk; nghUe;jpf; nfhz;lhNuh mth;> <khdpd; Ritia Rfpj;jtuhthh; " vd
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $w nrtpAw;wjhf> mg;gh];
gpd; mg;Jy; Kj;jyPg; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.

'ehd;F tp\aq;fs; ahhplk; ,Ue;jNjh mth; fyg;glkw;w


eatQ;rfuhfptpl;lhh; " vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 26
'ehd;F tp\aq;fs; ahhplk; ,Ue;jNjh mth; fyg;glkw;w eatQ;rfuhfptpl;lhh;. mtw;wpy;
VjhtJ xd;W ahhplk; ,Uf;fpwNjh> mth; mij tpl;L tpLk;tiuapYk; eatQ;rfj;jpy; xU
gFjp mthplk; ,Uf;Fk;.
'mth; Ngrpdhy; ngha;Aiug;ghh;. xg;ge;jk; nra;jhy; Nkhrb nra;thh;. thf;F nfhLj;jhy;
khwp tpLthh;. jh;f;fk; nra;jhy; cz;ikia kiwf;f Kw;gl;LtpLthh;." vd my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;. MapDk; epr;rakhf
]{g;ahDila `jP]py; mitfspy; xU Fzk; mthp(lj;jp)y; ,Ug;gpd; eatQ;rfj;jpd; xU
FzKk; mthplj;jy; ,Uf;Fk; vd te;Js;sJ.
mwptpg;gth;: mg;Jy;yh`;gpd; ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 27
'eatQ;rfdpd; milahsk; %d;whFk;. mtd; Ngrpdhy; ngha; NgRthd;. mtd;
thf;fspj;jhy; mjw;F khw;wk; nra;thd;. mkhdpjk; nfhLf;fg;gl;lhy; Nkhrb
nra;JtpLthd;." vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


$wpapUf;fpwhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: mG`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

'K/kPDf;F ctik gaph; Nghd;wJ. Kdh/gpf; kw;Wk; fh/gpUf;F


ctik mh;[j;(kuk;) Nghd;wJ." vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 28
K/kPDf;F ctik gaph;fspy; jz;L nkype;Js;s gaph; Nghd;wjhFk;. mg;gapuhdJ
cyh;e;JNghFk;tiu fhw;W mij tyg;gf;fKk; ,lg;gf;fKk; Mlitj;J (gpd;dh;) mjd;
rkepiyapy; tpl;LtpLfpwJ.
fh/gpUf;F ctik mbj;jsj;jpy; jz;L fbdkhdjhf ];jpukhdjhf cs;s mh;[j;(kuk;)
Nghd;wjhFk;.xNu jliltahf (fhw;W) mijg; gpLq;Fk;tiu mJ epkph;e;jjhfNt ,Uf;Fk;.
gpwpnjhU mwptpg;gpy; mjd; fhyk; tUk;tiu xNu rkkhf ,Uf;Fk; NkYk; eatQ;rfDf;F
ctik 'mbj;jsj;jpy; jz;L fbdkhdjhf cWjpahdjhf cs;s mij vJTk; njhlhj
mh;[j;(kuj;ijg;) Nghd;wjhFk; ". vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; $wpajhf fmG gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.
`jP]; vz; : 29
ehq;fs; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplkpUe;Njhk;.
(mg;NghJ) K];yPKf;F xg;ghd my;yJ K];yPkhd kdpjiug;Nghd;Ws;s xU kuj;ijg; gw;wp
vdf;Fj; njhptpAq;fs; mjd; ,iyfs; (fPNo) tpohJ vf;fhyj;Jf;Fk; mjd; gyid
nfhLj;Jf;nfhz;bUf;Fk; vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.
'mJ epr;rakhf <r;r kuk;jhd; vd vd; kdjpy;gl;lJ. mG+gf;fh; ckh; ,UtUk; Nghrky;
,Ue;jijg; ghh;j;J ehd; Ngrp vijahtJ $Wtij ntWj;Njd;. "
ePh; mijr; nrhy;ypapUe;jhy; vdf;F ,d;d ,d;dijnay;yhk;tpl kpf tpUg;gkhdjhf
,Ue;jpUf;Fk; vd (vdJ je;ij) ckh; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

'ntl;fk; <khdpy; cs;sjhFk;" vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 30
'<khd; vOgJf;Fk; Nkw;gl;l my;yJ mWgJf;Fk; Nkw;gl;l fpis(fis) cilajhFk;.
mtw;wpy; kpfr;rpwe;jJ ~yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`;| (vDk; $w;whFk;) mjpy; kpff;Fiwe;jJ>
ghijia tpl;Lk; ,d;dy; jUtij mfw;WtjhFk;. ntl;fKk; <khdpd; xU fpisahFk; "
vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 31
xU $l;lj;jpy; ,k;uhd; gpd; `{i]Dld; ehq;fs; ,Ue;Njhk;.vq;fspy; Gi\h; ,g;DfmG

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


vd;gtUk; ,Ue;jhh;. 'ntl;fk; vd;gJ KOf;f KOf;f ed;ikahdJ my;yJ ntl;fk; mJ
KOtJNk ed;ikahdJ vd;W my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs; " vd md;iwa jpdk; ,k;uhd; vq;fSf;F mwptpj;jhh;.

mijf; Nfl;l Gi\h; gpd; fmG ntl;fj;jpy; cah;thd ,iwtdplj;jpy;> mikjpia


ey;ff;$baitAk; fz;zpaj;ijAk; ey;ff;$baitAk; cz;L. mjpy; gytPdj;ijj;
juf;$baitAk; cz;L vd rpy E}y;fspy; my;yJ rpy jj;Jtq;fspy; epr;rakhf ehk; fhz
KbfpwJ" vdf; $wpdhh;.
mijf; Nfl;l ,k;uhd; mth;fs; mtuJ ,U fz;fSk; rptf;fpd;w msTf;F Nfhgkile;J
tpl;lhh;. ' cdf;F ehd; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fspd; `jPi] mwptpj;Jf; fhl;LfpNwd;
vd;gij eP njhpe;Jnfhs;. mij eP FWf;fPL nra;fpd;wha; my;yth? " vd;W $wptpl;L
kPz;Lk; ,k;uhd; (me;j) `jPi] mwptpj;jhh;.
;Gi\h; (jhd;) nrhd;dijNa jpUk;gf; $wpdhh;. ,k;uhd; Nfhgkile;J tpl;lhh;. 'mgh
Ei[Nj! mth; ek;ikr; Nrh;e;jth;jhd; " vdTk; ' epr;rakhf mtiug;gw;wp guthapy;iy
(Nfhgg;glhjph;fs;) vdTk; ehq;fs; $wpf; nfhd;bUe;Njhk;.
mwptpg;gth;: mGfjhjh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G: ,Nj nghUs;gl thh;j;ij Kd;Dk; gpd;Dkhf xU mwptpg;gpy; te;Js;sJ.

mz;il tpl;lhNuhL mofhf ele;Jnfhs;tJk; tpUe;jpdiu


cgrhpg;gJk; <khdpy; cs;sjhFk; vd;gj gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 32
'my;yh`;itAk; ,Wjp ehisAk; ahh; ek;gpf;iff; nfhz;lhNuh mth; jdJ mLj;j
tPl;Lf;fhuhplk; mofhf ele;Jnfhs;sTk;.

my;yh`;itAk; ,Wjp ehisAk; ahh; ek;gpf;iff; nfhz;lhNuh mth; jdJ tpUe;jpdiuf;


nfsutpf;fTk;.
'my;yh`;itAk; ,Wjp ehisAk; ahh; ek;gpf;iff; nfhz;lhNuh mth;> ey;yijr; nrhy;yTk;>
my;yJ tha; %b nksdkhf ,Uf;fTk;." vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mgP\{iu`; my; F[h, uspay;yh`; md;`{

'vtuJ ,ilA+WfspypUe;J mtuJ mLj;j tPl;Lfhuh; gakw;W


,Uf;ftpy;iyNah mth; Rtdk; Gf khl;lhh;" vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 33
epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> 've;j kdpjhpd;
,ilA+WfspypUe;J 1mtuJ mLj;j tPl;Lfhuh; gakw;W ,Uf;f tpy;iyNah me;j kdpjh;
Rtdk; Gfkhl;lhh;. " vd $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


Fwpg;G : 1mLj;j tPl;Lf;fhuUf;F f\;lq;fs; (,ilA+W) nfhLg;gJ vd;gjw;F mtid
mopf;Fk; my;yJ mtdJ epk;kjpiaf; Fiyf;Fk; fhhpaq;fisr; nra;jy; vd;gJ
nghUshFk;.

'(khh;f;fj;jpy;) jLf;fg;gl;litfis ifahy;> ehthy;> kdjhy;


khw;WtJ <khdpy; cs;sJ" vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 34
ngUehsd;W njhOiff;F Kd;G Fj;gh gpurq;fj;ij Muk;gpj;jth; kh;thd; vd;guhthh;.
mthpd;ghy; xU kdpjh; vOe;J nrd;W ~Fj;ghTf;F Kd;G njhOif elj;jg;gl Ntz;Lk;.
,q;Nf mJ tplg;gl;Ltpl;lJ.| vdf; $wpdhh;.
mjw;F mG+]<J mth;fs;> 'njhpe;Jnfhs;. vJ mth; kPJ flikNah mij (,th;) $wp
Kbj;Jtpl;lhh;. " vd;W $wp tpl;L>
'cq;fspy; ahNuDk; kWf;fg;gl Ntz;baij (elf;ff;) fz;lhy; mij mtuJ ifahy;
khw;wTk;. mjw;F mtUf;F rf;jpapy;iynad;why; mtuJ ehthy; (mij khw;wTk;). mjw;Fk;
mtUf;F rf;jpapy;iyahdhy; mtuJ kdjhy; (mij ntWf;fTk;) mJ <khdpy;
kpfg;gytPdkhjhFk;. vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $w
ehd; nrtpAw;Nwd;. " vd mG+ ]<j; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;.
mwptpg;gth; : jhhPf; gpd; \p`hg; uspay;yh`{ md;`{.
`jP]; vz; : 35
vdf;F Kd;Ds;s r%fj;jpy; my;yh`; mDg;gp itj;j ve;j egpf;Fk; cjtpahsh;fSk;
Njhoh;fSk; ,y;yhky; ,Ue;jjpy;iy. mth;fs; me;egpapd; topKiwia vLj;J
elf;f$bath;fshfTk; mtuJ fl;lisia Vw;W nrayhw;wf;$bath;fshfTk; ,Ue;jdh;.
mth;fSf;Fg;gpwF mt;Tk;kj;jpy; tUgth;fs; mth;fs; nra;ahjtw;iw (kw;wth;fSf;F)
nrhy;yf;$bath;fSk; (me; egpahy;)fl;lisaplg;glhjij nra;af;$bath;fshfTk; ,Ug;gh;.
(mr;rkaj;jpy;) ahh; mth;fNshL jdJ fuj;jhy; mwg;Nghh; nra;jhNuh mth; tpRthrq;
nfhz;ltuhthh;.
NkYk; ahh; mth;fNshL jdJ ehtpdhy; mwg;Nghh; nra;jhNuh mtUk; tpRthrq;
nfhz;ltuhthh;.
mjw;Fk; mg;ghy; <khdpy; fLfsT$l (kPjk;) ,y;iy vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs;
epr;rakhff; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; k];CJ uspay;yh`{ md;`{
mg;Jy;yh gpd; ckh; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fSf;F ,r;nra;jpia ehd; (mG+uhgpc)
$wpNdd;. mij mth;fs; (vd; $w;iw) kWj;Jf; $wpdhh;fs;. mg;NghJ ,g;D k];CJ
mth;fs; kjpdhtpy; xU gs;sj;jhf;fpy; ,wq;fp(j;jq;fp)apUe;jhh;fs;.
mg;Jy;yh gpd; ckh; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; ,g;D k];cij eyk; tprhhpf;f
vd;idAk; jk;ikj; njhlh;e;J tur; nrd;dhh;fs;. mg;Jy;yh gpd; ckh; uspay;yh`; md;`{

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


mth;fSf;F nra;jpia mwptpj;Jtpl;L mth;fSld; ehDk; ele;Njd;.
ehq;fs; ,UtUk;( ,g;D k];Cjplk; nrd;W) mkh;e;jgpd; ,e;j `jPi]g;gw;wp ,g;D
k];Cjplk; ehd; Nfl;Nld; ,g;D ckh; mth;fSf;F ehd; vt;thW mwptpj;NjNdh mNj
Nghd;W vkf;F ,e;j `jPi] ,g;D k];CJ mwptpj;jhh;fs; vd mGuh/gpc uspay;yh`;
md;`{ $wpdhh;.

'tpRthrpiaj; jtpu kw;wth; myp uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fis


tpUk;g khl;lhh;. eatQ;rfid jtpu kw;wth; mtiu ntWf;f khl;lhh;
" vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 36

tpj;ijg; gpsf;fr; nra;jtDk; caph; nfhLj;jtDkhfpa mtd;kPJ rj;jpakhf! 'tpRthrpiaj;


jtpu (kw;nwtUk;) vd;id tpUk;gkhl;lhh; eatQ;rfidj; jtpu (kw;nwtUk;) vd;id
ntWf;fkhl;lhh; " vd;gJ epr;rakhf ck;kp egp mth;fs; vd;ghy; nra;Jnfhz;l cWjpahd
xg;ge;jkhFk; vd myp gpd; mgPjhypg; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; $wpajhf [h;U gpd;
`{ig\; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.

'md;]hh;fis tpUk;GtJ <khdpd; milahskhFk;. mth;fis


Nfhgg;gLtJ eatQ;rfj;jpd; milahskhFk; " vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 37
md;]hh;fs; tp\aj;jpy; egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpajhf guhc
uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fsplk; ehd; nrtpAw;Nwd;.
tpRthrq; nfhz;ltiuj; jtpu (kw;wth;fs;) mt(md;]h)h;fis tpUk;gkhl;lhh;fs;.
Kdh/gpf;Ffisj; jtpu (kw;wth;fs;) mt(md;]h)h;fis Nfhgg;glkhl;lhh;fs;. (mjhtJ)
ahh; mth;(md;]hh;)fis tpUk;GfpwhNuh mtiu my;yh`; tpUk;Gfpwhd; ahh;
mt(md;]h)h;fis Nfhgg;gLfpwhNuh mthpd; kPJ my;yh`;Tk; Nfhgg;gl;L tpLfpwhd;.
mwptpg;gth; : mjpa;A gpd; jhgpj; uspay;yh`; md;`{

'<khd; kjpdhtpd;ghy; epr;rakhf xJq;Fk;"; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 38
'ghk;G jd; Gw;wpd;ghy; xJq;FtJ Nghd;W. epr;rakhf <khd; kjpdhtpd;ghy; xJq;Fk; " vd
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mjpa;A gpd; jhgpj; uspay;yh`; md;`{

'<khd; akd; Njrj;ijAilajhFk; `pf;kj;Jk; akd; Njrj;ij


cilaNjahFk; " vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 39

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


(,];yhj;ijj; jOt) akd; Njrj;jth; (my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fsplk;) te;jdh;. mth;fs; ,uf;fk; nfhz;l ,jaq;fisAk;> 1nky;ypa
kdq;fisAk; cilath;fshth;. '<khd; akidr; Nrh;e;jjhFk; (akd; thrpfs; tpiuthf
tpRthrq; nfhz;ldh;) `pf;kj;2Jk; akidr; Nrh;e;jjhFk;. mikjp vd;gJ Ml;Lf;F
nrhe;jf;fhuh;fsplk; (Viofsplk;) ,Uf;fpwJ. ngUikAk;> mfk;ghtKk;> #hpa cjaj;jpw;F
Kd;Ng ngUk; rg;jj;ij vOg;Gthh;fNs mj;jifa xl;lfq;fisAk; FjpiufisAk;
nrhe;jkhff; nfhz;lth;fsplk; ,Uf;fpwJ." vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; $w jhd; Nfl;ljhf mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`; md;`{ mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.
Fwpg;G:
1. mth;fspd; ,jaj;jpd; cl;gFjp$l> my;yh`;tpd; gaj;ijg;gw;wp vLj;Jf;$wg;gLk;NghJ
mij Jhpjkhf Vw;ff;$ba epiyapy; cs;sJ vd;gij njhptpf;fNt nky;ypa kdq;fis
cilath;fs; vd th;zpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. \u`; ettP. ghfk; 2 gf;fk; 34
2.' `pf;kj; " vd;gjw;F gy tpsf;fq;fs; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ.
m. kdij gf;Ftg;gLj;jp mk;kdjpy; cz;ikia cWjpg;gLj;jp nray;gLtJk;> kdk;Nghd
Nghf;F> cz;ikf;F khw;wkhdtw;iw nfhs;ifahf Vw;wy; Mfpaitfisj;
jLj;Jf;nfhz;L> my;yh`;itg;gw;wp mtd; $wpatw;iwnay;yhk; kdjpy;nfhz;L mtd; $wpa
njsptpy; mtidj;njhpe;Jnfhs;Sk; tifiaj;jhd; '`pf;kj; " vdf; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ. \u`;
ettP. ghfk; 2 gf;fk; 33
M. njspthd ,jaRj;jpNahL Nfl;fg;gl;l tp\aq;fs; kdjpy; gjpe;J nray;gLk;NghJ
kdpjd; jtwpiog;gJ Fiwe;Jtplyhk;. me;epiyapypUf;Fk;NghJ '`pf;kj;" Jilath; vdf;
$wyhk;.
,. kdpjh;fSf;F kj;jpapy; cs;s Kiwg;gb 'rhJh;ak; " vd;w nghUisf;$wyhk;.
<. ehl;Lghi\apy; A+dhdPitj;jpak; nra;gth;fis '`f;fPk;" vd;fpwhh;fs; vd;gJk; xU
nghUs;.
`jP]; vz; : 40

'ntWf;fpd;w jd;ikAs;s fbdkhd ,jaq;fs; nfhz;lth;fSk;> FiwfhZk;


;1
FzKilath;fSk; fpof;Fg;gFjpapy; cs;sdh;. <khd; `p[h] ehl;ilr;
Nrh;e;jth;fsplkhFk;" vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : [hgph; gpd; mg;Jy;yh`; uspay;yh`; md;`{kh
Fwpg;G: 1`p[h]; vd;gJ kf;fh> kjPdh> jhapg; Mfpa Ch;fisf; Fwpf;Fk;.

'ahh; tpRthq;nfhs;stpy;iyNah mtUf;F ew;nray;fs; gadspf;fhJ"


vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 41
';my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! ,g;D ]j; Md; vd;gth; (,];yhj;jpw;F Kd;Ds;s)
mwpahik fhyj;jpy; Rw;wj;jhh;fis Nrh;j;J elf;f$batuhfTk; kp];fPDf;F

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


(twpath;fSf;F) cztspg;gtuhfTk; ,Ue;jhh;. mJ mtUf;F gad;jUkh? " vdf;
Nfl;Nld;.
';mJ mtUf;F gadspf;fhJ. epr;rakhf mth; xU ehspy; $l> vdJ ,ul;rfh! kWik
ehspd;NghJ vdJ Fw;wj;ij kd;dpj;J mUs;thahf! " vdf; $wtpy;iy> vd
(my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;) $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : md;id Map\h uspay;yh`; md;`h.

'ePq;fs; tpRthq;nfhs;Sk;tiu Rtdj;jpy; gpuNtrpf;f KbahJ"


vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 42
'ePq;fs; tpRthrq; nfhs;Sk;tiu Rtdk; nry;ykhl;Bh;fs;. ePq;fs; xUtUf;nfhUth;
Nerpf;Fk;tiu tpRthq;nfhz;lth;fshf Mf khl;Bh;fs; xU nraiy ePq;fs;
nra;tPh;fshdhy; xUtUf;nfhUth; Nerpj;Jf; nfhs;tPh;fs;. mr;nraiy cq;fSf;F
mwptpj;Jj; jul;Lkh? (mJNt) cq;fSf;F kj;jpapy; ]yhikg;1 gug;Gq;fs; " vd
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`; md;`{

Fwpg;G: 1]yhk; vd;gJ ~m];]yhK miyf;Fk;” vd;gijf; Fwpf;Fk;.

'tpgr;rhuk; nra;gtd; tpgr;rhuk; nra;Ak;NghJ %/kpdhf ,Uf;f


tpgr;rhuk; nra;tjpy;iy" vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 43
'tpgr;rhuk; nra;gtd;> tpgr;rhuk; nra;Ak;NghJ %/kpdhf ,Uf;Fk; epiyapy; tpgr;rhuk;
nra;tjpy;iy. jpUld; jpULfpd;w NghJ %/kpdhf ,Uf;Fk; epiyapy; jpULtjpy;iy.
NkYk; mtd; (Fbfhud;) kJtUe;Jk;NghJ> %/kpdhf ,Uf;Fk; epiyapy;
kJtUe;Jtjpy;iy." vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
$wpdhh;fs;.
'khpahijf;Fhpa xU tp\aj;jpd; khpahijiaf; Fiwf;Fk;NghJ. kdpjh;fs; mjd;ghy;
jq;fsJ ghh;itia cah;j;jp (mjpUg;jpAw;W) ghh;g;ghh;fNs mJNghd;w tp\aj;jpd;
khpahijia xUtd; %/kpdhf ,Uf;Fk;NghJ Fiwj;Jg; gq;fg;gLj;j khl;lhd; "
(Nkw;$wg;gl;l `jPN]hL) mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; ,ijAk; Nrh;j;J
$wf;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jhh;fs;.
`k;khk; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; `jP]py; 'xU tpRthrp mijg;gq;fg;gLj;jf; $ba
epiyapy; %/kpd;fs; jq;fsJ fz;fis mjd;ghy; caj;Jthh;fs; " vd te;Js;sJ.
'Nghh;fsj;jpy; fpilj;j nghUis cq;fspy; ahNuDk; %/kpdhf ,Uf;Fk; epiyapy; jpUl
khl;lhh; cq;fis vr;rhpf;fpNwd;! vr;rhpf;fpNwd;! vd;W ,ij `k;khk; mth;fs;
mjpfg;gLj;jpf; $wpAs;shh;fs;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`; md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 44
'xNu Jthuj;jpy; (Gw;wpy;) tpRthrp ,UKiw nfhl;Lg;glkhl;lhd; " vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`; md;`{

'kdjpy; Vw;gLk; Cryhl;lk; (xUthpd; kdjpy; my;yh`;itg;gw;wp gy


vz;zq;fs; ,td; ghh;g;gtw;iwnay;yhk; epidj;J ,td;
fw;gidapy; tUtijnay;yhk; Kd;itj;J my;yh`; ,g;gb
,Ug;ghNdh? my;yJ mg;gb ,Ug;ghNdh? vd;w Cryhl;lq;fs;
kdjpy; Vw;gl;Ltpl;lhy; mij mj;NjhL jtph;j;J tpl;L tplNtz;Lk;
mjw;F NkYk; tsh;e;jhy; mjpypUe;J fhf;fj;NjLtJk;
fl;lhakhFk;) <khdpy; cs;sjhFk;" vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 45
egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; ]`hghf;fspy; rpyh; egp ]y;yy;yh`;
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; te;J vijg;gw;wpg; NgRtij vq;fspy; xUth; kpfg;nghpjhf
fUjpfpwhNuh mj;jifa tp\aj;ij vq;fsJ kdq;fspy; ngw;Ws;Nshk; (m/njd;dntd;W)
Nfl;lhh;fs;. mjw;F egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; 'mijg; ngw;Wtpl;Bh;fsh?"
vd;wdh;. mjw;fth;fs; ~Mk;| vd;wdh;. 'mJjhd; njspthd <khd; " vd my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`; md;`{

'ngUk;ghtq;fspy; kpfg;nghpaJ my;yh`;tpw;F ,iz itj;jyhFk;"


vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 46
ehq;fs; egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplkpUe;Njhk;. mg;NghJ mth;fs;>
'ngUk;ghtq;fspy; kpfg;nghpa ghtj;ij cq;fSf;F (vJntd;W) mwptpj;Jj;jul;Lkh? " vd
Kk;Kiw $wptpl;L>
'my;yh`;tpw;F ,iz itg;gJk;> ngw;Nwhh;fisf; nfhLikg;gLj;JtJk;> ngha;rhl;rp
$WtJk; my;yJ ngha;$w;iw $WtJkhFk; " vd;wdh;. rha;e;J mkh;e;jpUe;j egp
]y;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; ,ijf; $Wk;NghJ epkph;e;J mkh;e;J nfhz;ldh;.
mth;fs; mijf; $Wtij tpl;Ltpl;lhy; ed;whf ,Uf;FNk vd $Wk;tiu mij jpUk;g
jpUk;gf; $wpf;nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jdh;.
,ij mg;Jy; u`;khd; gpd; mgpgf;uh uspay;yh`; md;`{ vd;gth; jdJ je;ij
mwptpj;jjhf $Wfpwhh;.
`jP]; vz; : 47

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


'mopit cz;lhf;Fk; VO tp\aq;fis jtph;j;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs; " vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;. 'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs!
mitfs; ahit? vdf; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. (mjw;F)

'my;yh`;tpw;F ,iz itg;gJ> #dpak; itg;gJ> my;yh`; ve;j capiu nfhiy


nra;tij tpyf;fpAs;shNdh mj;jifa capiu chpikapd;wp nfhiy nra;jy;> tl;bia
cz;Zjy;> mdhijfspd; nrhj;ij tpOq;Fjy;> Nghh; %z;L epw;Fk; ehspy; (Gw KJF
fhl;b) jpUk;gp tpLjy;> tpRthrpfshd ( nfl;litfis tpl;Lk; kwe;J tpyfp ,Uf;Fk;)
gj;jpdpg; ngz;fis mtJ}W NgRjy; MfpaitfshFk; " vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`; md;`{

'vdf;Fg;gpd; cq;fspy; rpyh; rpyhpd; fOj;ij ntl;Ltjd; epkpj;jk;


fh/gph;fshf jpUk;gp tplhjPh;fs; " vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 48
cq;fSf;F my;yh`; mUs; nra;thdhf!1 my;yJ cq;fSf;F NfL cz;lhfl;LNk! vdf;F
gpwF cq;fspy; rpyh;> rpyhpd; fOj;Jfis ntl;Lk; fh/gph;fshf jpUk;gp tplhjph;fs;" vd egp
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; epr;rakhf ,Wjp `I;Ipd; NghJ $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; ckh; uspay;yh`; md;`{kh
Fwpg;G : 1,t;tpU thh;j;ijfisf; $Wtjd; Nehf;fk; rhgk; my;y. Mgj;jpy;
rpf;fpf;nfhz;ltDf;F my;yh`;tplk; mUs; Ntz;b $wg;gLk; thh;j;ijjhd; ~it`;|
mopitj;Njbr; nry;gtUf;F ~ity;| 'NfL" vd;gJ cgNahfkhfpwJ. mr;nraypy;
ck;kj;jth; tpOe;JtplhkypUf;f mUs;NfhhpAk;> tpOe;Jtpl;ltUf;F jz;lid cz;L
vd;gij vr;rhpf;fNt ,U thh;j;ijfis my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; cgNahfpj;jpUf;fpwhh;fs; vd;w fUj;ij ,e;j `jP]pw;F mbf;Fwpg;gpy;
,khk; ettp u`;kj;Jy;yh`; miy`p mth;fs; Fwpg;gpLfpwhh;fs;.

'jdJ je;ijia ahh; ntWf;fpwhNuh? mJ ,iw epuhfhpg;G" vd;gJ


gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 49
',];yhj;jpy; jd; je;ijay;yhj xUtiu (ahiuj; je;ij vd;fpwhNuh mth; ,tUf;F
je;ijapy;iy vd) ed;F njhpe;jpUf;f. ~jdf;F je;ijjhd;” vd ahNuDk; thjpl;lhy;
mtUf;F Rtdk; tpyf;fg;gl;ljhfptpLk;. " vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; jd; fhjhy; Nfl;ljhf ]mJ mgptf;fh]; $w epr;rakhf ehd;
nrtpAw;W ,Uf;fpNwd;. mt;thW ,Uf;f ,J Nghd;w fhhpaj;ij nra;J tpl;Bh;fNs! Vd;?
vd [pahJ1 vd;gtiug; gw;wp tpthjpf;fg;gl;lNghJ mG+gf;uhit ehd; re;jpj;J Nfl;Nld;.
mjw;fth; ehDk; mt;thNw my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fsplkpUe;J nrtpAw;Nwd;." vd;whh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mgp c];khd; uspay;yh`; md;`{

Fwpg;G: cz;ikapy; ~[pahj;” vd;gth; cigJ mj;jfgPapd; Gjy;tuhth;. gpwF KMtpah


1

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


mth;fs; [pahj; jdJ je;ij mGRgpahdpd; kfd;jhd; vd mtiuNa ([pahijNa) $wTk;
itj;Jtpl;lhh;. ,e;j epiy jtW vd tpsf;fp $wNt ,e;j `jP]; te;Js;sJ.
`jP]; vz; : 50

'xU kdpjd; jd; je;ij my;yhjtiu (mtUf;F jhd; kfd; ,y;iy vd) ed;F
njhpe;jpUf;f jd;id mth; kfdhf thjpg;ghNuahdhy;> mth; fh/gpuhftpl;ltNu jtpu
Ntwpy;iy.
jd;Dilajy;yhj xd;iw xUth; jdf;Fhpanjd thjpg;ghNuahdhy; mth; ek;ikr;
Nrh;e;jtuy;yhh;.mth; jdJ xJq;Fkplj;ij eufkhf;fp nfhs;sl;Lk;.
xUth; mt;thW ,y;yhky; ,Uf;f mtiu xU kdpjh; fh/gph; vd;Nwh my;yJ my;yh`;tpd;
vjphp vd;Nwh $wpdhy; mij nrhd;dtUf;Nf mJ jpUk;gp tpLfpwJ vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $Wk;NghJ ehd; nrtpAw;Nwd;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+jh;U uspay;yh`; md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 51

“my;yh`;tpd; J}jH mtHfNs! my;yh`;tplj;jpy; ghtj;jpy; kpfg;nghpa ghtk; vJ?” vd


xU kdpjH Nfl;lhH.
“my;yh`; cd;idg; gilj;jpUf;f mtD(my;yh`;T)f;F rkkhf Ntnwhd;iw
(tzq;Ftjw;fhf) miog;gJ. ” vd;whHfs;.

“mjw;F gpwF vJ? ” vd mk;kdpjH Nfl;lhH.

“cd;Dld; mtd; cztUe;Jtijg; gae;J cd; gps;isia eP nfhy;YtjhFk; ”


vd;wdH.

“mjw;Fg; gpwF vJ? ” vd mk;kdpjH Nfl;lhH.

“cdJ mLj;j tPl;Lf;fhuhpd; kidtpia tpgr;rhuk; nra;tjhFk; ” vd;wdH.


mij cz;ikg;gLj;Jk; tpjkhf fz;zpaj;jpw;Fk;> kfj;Jtj;jpw;FKhpatdhd my;yh`; (jd;
jpUkiwapy;) mtHfs; (u`;khdpd; mbahh;fs;) my;yh`;Tld; NtnwhU tzq;fg;gLgtid
miof;fkhl;lhh;fs;. ,d;Dk; my;yh`; tpyf;fpa ve;j capiuAk; chpikapd;wp
nfhy;ykhl;lh;fs;. tpgr;rhuk; nra;a khl;lhh;fs;. ,tw;wpy; vijNaDk; ahNuDk;
nra;thNuahdhy; mg;ghtj;jpd; gyid (eufj;jpy;) re;jpg;ghh;fs; ” (my;Fh;Md; 25 : 6 8)
vd;w trdj;ij ,wf;fp itj;jhd;.
mwptpg;gth; : mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; k];CJ uspay;yh`; md;`{

“my;yh`;tpw;F vijAk; ,izitf;fhJ ,wg;nga;jpath; Rtdk;


GFe;J tpl;lhh; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 5 2
egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; xU kdpjh; te;J “my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


mth;fNs! ,uz;ilAk; (Rtdj;ijAk;> eufj;ijAk;) flikahf;fp itf;ff;$baJ (gw;wpa
fhhpaq;fs;) vJ ? ” vdf; Nfl;lhh;.
my;yh`;tpw;F vijAk; ,izitf;fhJ ahh; ,wg;nga;J tpl;lhNuh mth; Rtdk;
GFe;Jtpl;lhh;. my;yh`;tpw;F vijAk; ,iz itj;jtuhf ,Uf;f xUth; ,wg;nga;J
tpl;lhy; mth; eufk; GFe;J tpl;lhh;.” vdf; (my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs;) $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : [hgph; gpd; mg;Jy;yh`; uspay;yh`; md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 5 3

ehd; (mG+jh;U) egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; te;Njd;. mth;fs;


cwq;fpf;nfhz;L ,Ue;jdh;. mth;fs; nts;is epw cilia mzpe;jpUe;jdh;. gpwF
(,uz;lhk; Kiw) te;Njd;. mg;NghJk; mth;fs; cwq;fpf; nfhz;L ,Ue;jdh;. kw;nwhU
(%d;whk;)KiwAk; te;Njd;. egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; J}f;fj;jpypUe;J
tpopj;J tpl;ldh;. mth;fSf;F mUfpy; mkh;e;Njd;. (mg;NghJ) “ve;j mbahDk; yh,yh`
,y;yy;yh`{ vdf; $wp mjd;gpwF mjpNyNa ,we;Jtpl;lhNuahdhy; mth; Rtdk; Gfhky;
,Ug;gjpy;iy” vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.

“mth; tpgr;rhuk; nra;jhYk; jpUbdhYkh? ” vdf; Nfl;Nld;. mth; tpgr;rhuk; nra;jhYk;


jpUbdhYk; jhd; vd;wdh;. ,uz;lhk; KiwAk; %d;whk; KiwAk; Nfl;Nld;. mNj gjpiyNa
$wpdhhh;fs;. ehd;fhtJ Kiwahf ehd; Nfl;Fk;NghJ mG+jh;hpd; %f;F kz;izj;njhl
(mtUf;F mJ ,\;lkpy;iynadpDk;) vd;whh;fs;. ,ijf; Nfl;l ehd; mG+jh;hpd; %f;F
kz;izj;njhl;lhYk; (mtUf;Nf mJ ,\;lkpy;iynadpDk;) vd;W $wpf;nfhz;Nl ehd;
(mG+jh;U) mq;fpUe;J ntspNawptpl;Nld;.
,r;rk;gtj;ij mG+jh;U uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fNs jdf;F mwptpj;jjhf mGy; m];tJ
mj;jPyp uspay;yh`; md;`{ mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.

“ahh; kdjpy; mZtsT ngUik ,Ue;jNjh mth; Rtdk; Gfkhl;lhh;


vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 54

“ahh; kdjpy; mZtsT ngUik ,Ue;jNjh mth; Rtdk; Gfkhl;lhh; ” vd egp


]y;yy;yh`{miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
“epr;rakhf xU kdpjd; jdJ cil mofhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vdTk; jdJ fhyzp
mofhf ,Uf;f Ntz;LnkdTk; tpUk;Gfpwhh;” (mJ gw;wp vd;d?) vd xU kdpjh; Nfl;lhh;.
(mjw;F egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; epr;rakhf my;yh`; mofhdtd;.
(mtd;) mofhdijNa tpUk;Gfpwhd;. ngUik vd;gJ mfk;ghtk; nfhz;ltd; cz;ikia
kWg;gJk;> kdpjh;fisf; Nftykhf (,opthf)f; fUJtJkhFk; vd;wdh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; k];CJ uspay;yh`; md;`{

tk;rhtopiaf; Fiw$WtJk; Xykpl;L mOtJk; ,iw epuhfhpg;ghFk;


vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


`jP]; vz; : 55
kdpjh;fSf;F kj;jpapy; ,uz;L tp\aq;fs; cs;sd. ,it ,uz;Lk; mth;fsplj;jpy;
,Ug;gpd; mJ ,iw epuhfhpg;ig Fwpf;Fk;. mit tk;rhtopiaf; Fiw$WtJk; ikapj;jpd;
epkpj;jk; Xykpl;L mOtJk; MFk; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`; md;`{

fpof;F el;rj;jpuk; tpOe;jhy; kio nga;jJ vd ahh; $wpdhNuh?


mth; ,iw epuhfhpg;G nra;J tpl;lhh; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 56
`{ija;gpahtpy; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; vq;fSf;F g[;U njhOif
itj;jhh;fs;. me;j ,utpy; kio nga;J <ukhf ,Ue;jJ. mth;fs; njhOifia
Kbj;Jtpl;L [dq;fis Nehf;fp te;jhh;fs;. “cq;fsJ ,ul;rfd; vd;d $wpdhd; vd;W
cq;fSf;F njhpAkh?” vdf; Nfl;lhh;fs;. mjw;F (mq;fpUe;jth;fs;) “my;yh`;Tk; mtdJ
u#YNk kpfj; njhpe;jth;fs;” vd;wdh;. (mjw;F egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs;) “vdJ mbahh;fspy; vd;id tpRthrpj;jth;fSk; vd;id epuhfhpj;jth;fSk;
fhiyg;nghOij mile;Jtpl;ldh;. (mjhtJ)” my;yh`;tpd; NguUshYk;> mtDila
fpUigahYk; jhd; kio nghoptpf;fg;gl;Nlhk; vd ahh; $wpdhh;fNsh mth; vd;id
tpRthrpj;jtUk;> el;rj;jpuq;fis epuhfhpj;jtUk; Mthh;. vth; 'mjpfhiyapy; fpof;F
gFjpapy; el;rj;jpuk; tpOe;jjpdhy;jhd; kio nghoptpf;fg;gl;Nlhk; vdf; $wpdhNuh mth;
vd;id epuhfhpj;J tpl;L el;rj;jpuj;ij ek;gpatuhthh; vd my;yh`; $wpdhd;” vd
$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : i[Jgpd;fhypf; my;[{i`d; uspay;yh`; md;`{

mbik Xb xspe;Jnfhs;tJ ,iw epuhfhpg;G vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 57
“ve;j mbikahapDk; jdJ v[khdh;fsplkpUe;J xbtpLthNuahdhy; mth; kPz;Lk; jkJ
v[khdh;fs;ghy; jpUk;Gk;tiu fh/gpuhfNt ,Uf;fpwhh;.” vd;W [hPh; uspay;yh`; md;`{
mth;fs; nrhy;Yk;NghJ jhd; Nfl;ljhf \mgP uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs;
mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.
cWjpahf my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf (K];ypkpy; ~Utpa| vd ,Ug;gij mbg;gilahf
itj;J) egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; tiu cah;j;jg;gl;l epiyapy; jhd;
,e;j `jP]; mwptpf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ vdpDk; ehd; mwptpj;jjhf ,q;Nf g]uhtpy;
mwptpf;fg;gLtij ehd; ntWf;fpNwd; vd kd;]{h; uspay;yh`; md;`{ $Wfpwhh;.
Fwpg;G : ,e;j `jPi] kd;]{h; uspay;yh`; md;`{f;F \mgP uspay;yh`; md;`{
$wpajhf \mgP uspay;yh`; md;`{f;F [hPh; uspay;yh`; md;`{ $wpajhf mwptpj;J tpl;L>
mWjpapl;L rj;jpak; nra;J cWjpahf nrhy;fpwhh;. ,e;j `jP]; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; tiu cah;j;jg;gl;L mwptpf;fg;gl;lJjhd; MapDk; g]uhtpy; <khd;
cilath;fs; ghtk; nra;apd; mth;fs; “epue;jukhf eufj;jpy; ,Ug;gh; vd K/j[pyh

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


fthhp[; Mfpa FOtpdh; $wpf;nfhz;L ,Ue;jjhy; ,e;j `jPi] g]uhtpy; mwptpg;gij
ehd; ntWf;fpNwd; ” vd kd;]{h; uspay;yh`; md;`{ $Wfpwhh;.
E}y; \u`;ettP ghfk; 2 gf;fk; 5 9
`jP]; vz; : 58
xU mbik (jdJ v[khdh;fsplkpUe;J) xbtpl;lhy; mtuJ njhOif
mq;fPfhpf;fg;glkhl;lhJ vd egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpajhf [hPh;
uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.

vdJ fhhpa];jd; my;yh`;Tk; tpRthrpfspy; ey;yth;fSk; Mthh;


vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 59
“njhpe;Jnfhs;Sq;fs;! vdJ je;ijapd; FLk;gj;jth;(fspy; ,d;dth;) vdJ
fhhpa];jh;fsy;yh; vdJ fhhpa];jd; my;yh`;Tk;> tpRthrpfspy; ey;yth;fSk; Mthh;” vd
gfpuq;fkhf xspTkiwTkpd;wp my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
nrhy;y ehd; Nfl;Nld;.
mwptpg;gth; : mk;U gpd; my;M]; uspay;yh`; md;`{

K/kpdhdtUf;F mthpd; ey;yit(mky;)fSf;F ,k;ikapYk;


kWikapYk; ew;$yp cz;L. fh/gpuhdth; nra;j ey;yitfSf;F
,k;ikapNyNa Jhpjkhf $yp nfhLf;fg;gl;LtpLk; vd;gJ gw;wpa
ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 60
K/kpdhdtUf;F mth; nra;j ey;yit(mky;)fSf;F gfuj;ij ,t;Tyfpy;(kl;Lk;)
nfhLj;Jtpl;L kWikapy; nfhLf;fhky; epr;rakhf my;yh`; mePjp ,iof;f khl;lhd;.
“ fh/gpuhdtUf;F mth; (my;yh`;tpw;nfd) nra;j ey;yitfSf;F gfukhf ,t;TyfpNyNa
cztspf;fg;gLfpwhh;. mth; kWikapd; ghy; Nrh;e;Jtpl;lhy; (kuzpj;Jtpl;lhy;) ew;$yp
ey;fg;gLtjw;Fhpa ve;j xU ed;ikAk; mtUf;F ,Uf;fNt ,Uf;fhJ vd my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;
mwptpg;gth;: md];gpd; uspay;yh`; md;`{

,];yhk; vd;why; vd;d? vd;gJ gw;wpAk; mjd; nray;ghLfs; gw;wpAk;


cs;s ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 61
'e];j;" (khfhz) thrp xUth; jiytphpNfhykhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; te;jhh;. mtuJ cuj;j rg;jj;ij (rg;jkpl;L NgRtij) ehq;fs;
nrtpAw;Nwhk;. (Mdhy;) mth; vd;d $Wfpwhh; vd;gJ vq;fSf;F (rhpahf) tpsq;ftpy;iy.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


(te;jth;) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F gf;fj;jpy;
neUq;fp te;J mg;NghJ ,];yhj;ijg; gw;wpf; Nfl;lhh;. mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> ,utpYk; gfypYk; Ie;J njhOiffs;
vd;fpwhh;fs; (mijf;Nfl;Ltpl;L te;jth;) mjy;yhj kw;w (flik) VNjDk; vd;kPJ
cz;lh? vdf; Nfl;lhh;. (mjw;F) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; 'cghpahfr; nra;jhNy jtpu NtW ,y;iy" vd;wdh;. mLj;J 'ukshd; khj Nehd;G"
vd;whh;fs; "mjy;yhJ NtW VNjDk; vd;kPJ cz;lh?" vd (te;jpUe;jth;) Nfl;lhh;.
mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; 'cghpahfr; nra;jhNy
jtpu NtW ,y;iy" vd;whh;fs;. mtUf;F 'Ifhj;ijg;gw;wp my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;." mg;NghJ mjy;yhj VNjDk; vd;kPJ cz;lh? vd
(te;jpUe;jth;) Nfl;lhh;. mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; 'cghpahfr; nra;jhNy jtpu NtW ,y;iy vdwhh;fs;." (mijf;Nfl;l) me;j
kdpjh;> my;yh`;tpd kPJ rj;jpakhf ,ijtpl mjpfkhf nra;aTk; khl;Nld; mjpypUe;J
vijAk; Fiwf;fTk; khl;Nld; vd nrhy;ypf;nfhz;L jpUk;gpr; nrd;whh; (mijf;Nfl;l)
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; mth; cz;ikahfNt (,ij
Nghd;Nw) ele;J nfhz;lhNuahdhy; ntw;wp ngw;W tpl;lhh; vd;whh;fs;.
kw;nwhU mwptpg;gpy; mtuJ je;ijapd; kPJ rj;jpakhf mth; cz;ikahf ele;J nfhz;lhy;
mth; ntw;wp ngw;W tpl;lhh; vdTk; my;yJ mtuJ je;ijapd; kPJ rj;jpakhf mth;
cz;ikahf ele;J nfhz;lhy; mth; Rtdk; GFe;J tpl;lhh; vdTk; cs;sJ.
Fwpg;G : ngw;Nwhh;fisf;$wp rj;jpak; nra;tJ tpyf;fg;glhkypUe;j fhyj;jpy; je;ijapd; kPJ
rj;jpakhf vd egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;. mt;thW rj;jpak;
nra;tJ tpyf;fg;gl;Ltpl;ljhy; jtph;f;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ njspT.
mwptpg;gth;: jy;`hgpd; cigJy;yh`; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

,];yhk; Ie;J mbg;gilfs; kPJ mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gJ gw;wp


ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 62
,];yhk; Ie;J kPJ mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. my;yh`; xUtd; vd (cWjp) nfhz;L
njhOifia epiwNtw;wp> [fhj;Jk; nfhLj;J> Nehd;G (Nehw;W)k; `[;[{k; (nra;a)
Ntz;Lk; vd;w Ie;J mbg;gilfs; kPJ mikf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs; mg;NghJ xU kdpjh;> `[;i[Ak;
ukshd; Nehd;igAkh? vdf;Nfl;lhh;. mjw;fth;fs; ,y;iy ukshd; Nehd;Gk;> ,d;Dk;
`[;[{k; vd;wdh; ,t;thWjhd; my;yh`;tpd; J}jhplk; ehd; nrtpAw;Nwd; vd ,g;D ckh;
uspay;yh`; md;`{kh mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.

ve;j ,];yhk; rpwe;jJ vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 63
xU kdpjh; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; ve;j ,];yhk;
rpwe;jJ? vdf; Nfl;ldh;. mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; czit cz;zf; nfhLg;gha; cdf;F njhpe;jth; njhpahjth; (ahtUf;Fk;) eP
]yhk; $Wtha; vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


mwptpg;gth;: mg;Jy;yh ,g;D mk;U uspay;yh`; md;`{kh
,];yhk;> `[;-`p[;uj; Mfpa(,)it mjw;F Kd;Gs;stw;iw (ghtq;fis) mopj;J tpLfpwJ
vd;gJ gw;wp ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 64
kuzj;jUthapypUe;j mk;Ugpd; my; M]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fsplk; ehq;fs;
M[uhNdhk;. mth; ePz;l Neuk; mOjthuf mth; Kfj;ij Rtw;wpd;ghy; jpUg;gpf;nfhz;lhh;.
mijf; fz;l mth; kfd;. vd; je;ijNa! ,d;dijnay;yhk; nfhz;L my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; cq;fSf;F ew;nra;jp $wtpy;iyah? my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; ,d;dijnay;yhk; nfhz;L ed;khwhak;
$wtpy;iyah? vd mthpd; kfdhh; $w Muk;gpj;jhh;. mijf; Nfl;l mth; jdJ Kfj;ij
(vq;fs;ghy;) jpUg;gpdhh;.
epr;rakhf ehk; Nrfhpj;J itj;jpUg;gjpy; kpfr;rpwe;jJ tzq;fg;gLgtd; my;yh`;itad;wp
NtWahUkpy;iy> epr;rakhf K`k;kJ ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
my;yh`;tpd; J}juhthh; vd rhl;rp $WtNjahFk;. epr;rakhf ehd; %d;W epiyfspy;
,Ue;Njd;.
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; (tp\aj;jpy;) kPJ vd;idtpl
fLk; Nfhgk; nfhz;lth; vtUk; ,y;iy vd;Wk;> ve;j tpjj;jpyhtJ mth;fspypUe;J ehd;
rf;jp ngw;Wtpl;lhy; (vd; ifapy; mfg;gl;Lf; nfhz;lhy;) ehd; mth;fisf; nfhiy nra;J
tpLtJk; vdf;F kpf tpUg;gkhdjhf ,Ue;jJ vd;Wk; vd;id ehd; fz;Nld;. me;epiyapy;
,Ue;jpUe;jhy; epr;rakhf ehd; eufthrpfspy; ,Ue;jpUg;Ngd; fz;zpaKk; kfj;JtKk;
nghUe;jpa my;yh`;. ,];yhj;ij vd; ,jaj;jpyhf;fpa gpwF ehd; egp ]y;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; te;J cq;fspd; tyf;fuj;ij tphpAq;fs; ehd; cq;fsplk; cld;
gbf;if nra;J nfhs;fpNwd; vdf;$wpNdd;. mth;fs; tyf;fuj;ij ePl;baJk; vd; fuj;ij
,Oj;Jf;nfhz;Nld.; mk;Nu! cdf;F vd;d Neh;e;jJ? vdf; Nfl;lhh;fs;. ehd;
epge;jidapl tpUk;Gtjhf $wpNdd;. vd;d epge;jidaplg;Nghfpwha;? vdf; Nfl;lhh;fs;.
vdJ ghtk; nghWf;fg;glNtz;Lk; vd;Nwd;.
epr;rakhf ,];yhk;: mjw;F Kd;Ds;stw;iw(ghtq;fis)Ak;> `p[;uj;> mjw;F
Kd;Ds;stw;iw(ghtq;fis)Ak; `[; mjw;F Kd; cs;stw;iw (ghtq;fis)Ak;>
mopj;JtpLfpwJ vd cq;fSf;F njhpahjh? vdf; Nfl;lhh;fs;. (mt;thW mth;fs;
$wpaJNk) my;yh`;tpd; J}jiutpl vdf;F tpUg;gkhdth;fNsh> mth;fistpl vd;fz;zpy;
kpFe;j fz;zpaj;ij cilath;fshfNth (egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fisj;
jtpu) NtnwhUtUkpy;iy vd vd; epiy Mfptpl;lJ.
mijg;gw;wp vt;thW nrhy;tnjd;why; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fistpl kpf tpUg;gkhdth;fNsh> mth;fistpl vd; fz;zpy; kpFe;j
kfj;JtKilath;fNsh NtW vtUk; ,y;iy vd Mfptpl;lJ> mth;fspd; fz;zpaj;ij
vdJ ,U fz;fspy; epug;gpf; nfhs;s ehd; rf;jpaw;wtdhf Mfptpl;Nld;. mij th;ziz
nra;Jfhl;l vd;dplk; $wg;gl;lhy; vdf;F mij th;zpf;f rf;jpaw;wtdhfp ,Ug;Ngd;
fhuzk; mth;fs; gw;wpa fz;zpaj;ij vdJ ,U fz;fspYk; epug;gpf; nfhs;sNt vd;dhy;
,aytpy;iy. me;epiyapy; ehd; ,wg;nga;jpUe;jhy; Rtdthrpfspy; ehd; MfpapUg;Ngd; vd
cWjpahf MjuTitf;fpNwd;. (mjd;gpwF) vd;idg; gy tp\aq;fs; njhlh;e;jd. mtw;wpy;
vd; epiy vd;dntd;W vdf;Nf njhpatpy;iy. me;epiyapy; (,];yhj;jpy;) ehd;
,wg;nga;jpUe;jhy; vdf;fhf xg;ghhpapl;L mOgtNsh neUg;Ngh vd;Dld; ,Ue;jpUf;fhJ.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


MfNt> ehd; ,wg;nga;jptpl;lhy; vd;id ePq;fs; mlf;fk; nra;Jtpl;L kz;izg;Nghl;L
(NkLfl;lhJ) cjhptpLq;fs;. mjd;gpwF vdJ fg;ubapy; xU xl;lifia mWj;J gq;fPL
nra;AksT (Neuj;J)f;F epy;Yq;fs; vdJ ul;rfdpd; (kyf;F)fs; (Kd;fh;> efPh;) vijf;
nfhz;L jpUk;Gfpwhh;fs; vd;W ehd; ghh;f;Fk; tiu (ehd;) cq;fisf; nfhz;L mikjp
ngWNtd;.
mwptpg;gth;: ,g;D \{khrh my;k``;hP uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G : ,e;j `jP]pd; %yk; gy tp\aq;fs; ekf;F njspthfpwJ.
1) ,wf;Fk; (kuz) jUthapypUg;gth;f;F kd rhe;jpia (mikjp) fpilf;f> mtuJ
tho;ehspy; mth; my;yh`;tpw;F nghUj;jkhf nra;jtw;iwAk;> me;j ey;y fhhpaq;fSf;F
my;yh`;tplk; fpilf;f ,Uf;Fk; kfj;jhd $ypfisAk; mtUf;F epidTgLj;JtJ
tpUk;gj;jf;fJ.
2) [d]hTld; mlf;f];jyk;tiu neUg;Gg;ge;jk; neUg;Gr;rl;b Mfpatw;iw vLj;Jr;
nry;tJ mwpahik fhytof;fkhFk; vdNt mij fz;bg;ghf jtph;f;f Ntz;Lk;.
3) Xykpl;L mOtJk; mwpahik fhy tof;fkhFk; mij fz;bg;ghf jtph;f;f Ntz;Lk;.
4) . fg;Uf;F mUfpy; cl;fhUtJk; jtph;f;fg;glNtz;Lk;.
5). fg;wpy; Kd;fh;> efPh; vd;w ,U kyf;Ffs; ikaj;jplk; Nfs;tp Nfl;gjhy; ePz;l
Neuk;tiu epd;wthW mth; ehf;FsuhJ mf;Nfs;tpfSf;F gjpy; $w mtUf;F gpuhh;j;jid
nra;AkhW egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpAs;s $w;Wf;nfhg;g ePz;l
Neuk; epw;FkhW $Wfpwhh;. Mdhy; tof;fj;jpy; cs;sthW mlf;f];jyj;jpy; (ka;athbapy;)
$l;L gpuhh;j;jidfs; vJTk; ,y;iynad;gijAk; ,jd;%yk; fhz;fpNwhk;.

,];yhj;jpy; (te;jgpwF) ahh; mofhf ele;J nfhz;lhNuh mth;


mwpahik fhyj;jpy; nra;jtw;iwf; nfhz;L Fw;wk; gpbf;fkhl;lhh;
vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 65
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! mwpahikf;fhyj;jpy; ,];yhj;jpw;F tUKd;
nra;j(jPa)tw;iwf; nfhz;L ehq;fs; jz;bf;fg;gLNthkh? vd rpykdpjh;fs; Nfl;ldh;.
mjw;F ,];yhj;jpy; ahh; moFw ,Ue;jdNuh mth; mwpahikf;fhyj;jpy; nra;jtw;iwf;
nfhz;L jz;bf;fg;glkhl;lhh; ahh; jtwhf elf;fpwhNuh mth; mwpahikf;fhyj;jpYk;
,];yhj;jpYk;> nra;jitfisf; nfhz;L jz;bf;fg;gLthh; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; k];CJ uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 66
K];ypik VRtJ (jpl;Ljy;) ghtkhFk;. mtiuf; nfhy;tJ> ,iw epuhfhpg;ghFk; vd
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yhk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;
mwptpg;gth; : mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; k];CJ uspay;yh`{ md;`{

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


cq;fspy; vth; ,];yhj;jpy; mofhd(ed;ikahd)tw;iwf; nra;jhNuh
mth; jhd; nra;af;$ba xt;nthW ed;ikf;Fk; mijg;Nghd;W gj;J
ed;ikfs; vOjg;gLk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 67
vdJ mbahd; xU ed;ikia nra;tjhf; $wpdhy; (kdjpy; epidj;jhy;) nra;ahjtiu
mtDf;fhf xU ed;ikia vOjptpLfpNwd; mtd; mf;fhhpaj;ijr;nra;J tpLthNdahdhy;
mij mijg;Nghd;Nw gj;J ed;ikfshf vOjpfpNwd;. mtd; xU jPaij nra;tjhf
$wpdhy; (kdjpy; epidj;jhy;) mtd; mij nra;ahjtiu mtid ehd;
kd;dpj;JtpLfpNwd;. mtd; m(j;jPa)ij nra;Jtpl;lhy; mtDf;F mijg;Nghd;wjhfNt (xU
jPikf;F xU jPik) vOJfpNwd; vd kfj;JtKk; fz;zpaKk; epiwe;j my;yh`;
$Wfpwhd; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 68
vdJ r%fj;jth;fs; jq;fsJ kdq;fspy; epidj;jit(jPik)fisg; gw;wpg; NgrhkYk;>
my;yJ nray;gLj;jhkYk; ,Uf;Fk;tiu my;yh`; (Fw;wk; gpbf;fhky;)tpl;LtpLfpwhd; vd
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

K];ypk;fs; ahhp(d; jPikap)ypUe;J mikjpAk; <Nlw;wKk;


ngw;Wtpl;lhh;fNsh mth;jhd; K];ypk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 69

xU kdpjh; my;y`;tpd; J}jhplk; K];ypk;fspy; kpfr;rpwe;jth; ahh;? vdf;Nfl;lhh; mjw;F gpw


K];ypk;fs; vthpd; ehT> fuk;> Mfpatw;wpd; jPikapypUe;J ghJfhg;G ngw;whh;fNsh>
mth;jhd; (rpwe;j) K];ypk; vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; mk;U gpd; my;M]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh
Fwpg;G: jdJ ifapdhYk;> ehtpdhYk; gpwUf;F jPq;fpiof;fhjtNu rpwe;j K];ypkhthh;
vd;gNj ,jd; fUj;jhFk;.-

XUth; mwpahikf; fhyj;jpy; ed;ikahdtw;iwr; nra;J mjd; gpwF


,];yhkhfp tpLfpwhh; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 70
jh;kk; nra;jy;> chpiktpLjy;> Rw;wj;jhiu Nrh;j;J elj;jy; Mfpa gy tzf;fq;fis>
mwpahikf; fhyj;jpy; ehd; nra;Jte;Js;Nsd;. mitfSf;F ew;$yp cz;lh vd
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; `f;fPk; gpd; `p[hk;
Nfl;ljw;F> ed;ikahd fhhpaq;fspy; ,];yhj;jpw;F Kd;G vitfis nra;Js;sPNuh>
mj;Jld; ,];yhj;ij Vw;Ws;sPh; vd mtUf;F $wpdhh;fs; ,r;rk;gtj;ij epr;rakhf

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


`f;fPk; gpd; `p[hk; vd;gth; ch;thtpw;F mwptpj;jjhf> ch;th mwptpf;fpwhh;.
fUj;J : ,uz;L epiyapYk; nra;j ed;ikfSf;F ew;$yp cz;L vd;gij my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; njspT nra;jhh;fs;.

NrhjidapypUe;J vr;rhpf;if vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 71
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSld; ,Ue;Njhk;. mg;NghJ
mth;fs; ,];yhj;ijr; nrhd;d(Vw;Wf; nfhz;l)th;fs; vj;jidNgh;? vd;gijf;
fzf;fpLq;fs; vd;wdh;.
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fNs! vq;fisg; gw;wpg;
gag;gLfpwPh;fsh? ehq;fs; MWE}wpypUe;J vOE}Wtiu ,Ug;Nghk; vdf; $wpNdhk;.
epr;rakhf ePq;fs; Nrhjidf;Fs;shf;fg;glyhk; vd;gij ePq;fs; mwpakhl;Bh;fs; vd (egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;) $wpdhh;fs;.
vq;fspy; xt;nthUtUk; jdpj;jdpNa epd;W kiwthfj; njhOfpd;w epiytiu ehq;fs;
(my;yh`;tpd;) Nrhjidf;Fs;shf;fg;gl;L tpl;Nlhk;.
mwptpg;gth;: `{ijgh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

,iwawptpg;gpd; epkpj;jk; vijf;nfhz;L my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;


]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F Jtf;fg; gl;lNjh mJ
gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 73
t`Papd; epkpj;jk; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F vijf;
nfhz;L Muk;gpf;fg;gl;lNjh mJ J}f;fj;jpy; tUk; cz;ikahd fdthf ,Ue;jJ. mJ
ep[tho;f;ifapy; fhiynghOJ (tUtJ vt;tsT cWjpNah mJ) Nghd;W ele;Njwpa jtpu
ve;jf;fditAk; mth;fs; fhz;gjpy;iy. mjd;gpwF jdpikapypUg;gJ mth;fSf;F
tpUg;gkhf;fg;gl;lJ. MfNt `puhFifapy; jdpj;jpUe;J topghL nra;J te;jdh;. jd;
FLk;gj;jpdh;ghy; jpUk;GKd; vz;zpf;ifAs;s gy ,uTfis tzf;f topghl;by; fopj;J
te;jdh;. mjw;fhf jq;fis jahh; nra;J nfhs;sf;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh;. mjd;gpwF
fjP[h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs;ghy; jpUk;gp te;J mJNghd;w (gyehl;fSf;Fhpa)
czit jahh; nra;J nfhs;th;. `puhFifapy; (,t;thwhf) ,Ue;J te;j NghJ
jpBnud(xU ehs;) ,iwawptpg;G te;Jtpl;lJ (mjd;fhuzkhf) mthplk; mkuh;(kyf;F)
te;J XJtPuhf! vdf;$wpdhh;. mjw;F egp J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;>
ehd; Xjf;$batd; my;yd;! vd;wdh;. (MfNt) mth; (kyf;F) vd;idg;gpbj;J
vdf;Frpukk; Vw;gl;L %r;Rj;jpzwy; cz;lhfpw mstpw;F vd;id ,Wff;fl;bj;jOtp
jk;NkhL mizj;Jg;gpwF tpLtpj;J tpl;L XJtPuhf! vd;wdh;. ehd; Xjf;$batd; my;yd;!
vd;W ehd; $wpNdd;. (mjd;gpwF) mt(mku)h; ,uz;lhk; Kiwahf vd;idg;gpbj;J
vdf;Frpukk; Vw;gl;L %r;Rj;jpzwy; cz;lhfpw mstpw;F vd;id ,Wff;fl;bj;jOtp
jk;NkhL mizj;Jg;gpwF tpLtpj;J tpl;L XJtPuhf! vd;wdh;. mjw;F ehd; Xjf;$batd;
my;yd;! vdf;$wpNdd; vd;gjhf egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


mjd;gpwF %d;whk; Kiwahf vd;idg;gpbj;J vdf;Frpukk; Vw;gl;L %r;Rj;jpzwy;
cz;lhfpw mstpw;F vd;id ,Wff;fl;bj;jOtp jk;NkhL mizj;Jg;gpwF tpLtpj;J tpl;L
'gilj;jtdhfpa ckJ ,ul;rfdpd; ngah; nfhz;L XJtPuhf! (mtd;) kdpjid
,uj;jf;fl;bapypUe;J gilj;jhd;. kpFe;j fz;zpak; tha;e;jtd; ckJ ,ul;rfd; (vd)
XJtPuhf! mtNd vOJNfhypd; %yk; fw;Wj; je;jhd; mtNd (kdpjDf;F) mtDf;F
njhpahjtw;iwnay;yhk; fw;Wj; je;jhd;" vd;W mth; $wpdhh;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; (,iw mwptpg;ghfpa) mijg;ngw;Wf;nfhz;L
mth;fsJ Njhy;G[q;fSf;Fk; fOj;Jf;Fk; ,ilapy; cs;s rijg;gFjp eLq;f> mq;fpUe;j
jpUk;gp fjP[h uspay;yh`; md;`h mth;fsJ (tPl;by;) te;J Eioe;jdh;. (Eioe;j
mth;fs;) vd;idg; Nghh;j;Jq;fs;! vd;idg; Nghh;j;Jq;fs;! vdf;$wpdh;. eLf;fk; ePq;Ffpd;w
tiuapy; (fjP[h uspay;yh`; md;`h) mth;fs; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fSf;F Nghh;j;jpdh;. mjd;gpwF fjP[h uspay;yh`; md;`h mth;fisg;ghh;j;J
fjP[hNt! vdf;F vd;d Neh;e;jJ? vdf;$wptpl;L mth;fSf;F (ele;j) nra;jpia
njhptpj;Jtpl;L 'ehd; epr;rakhf vd;idg;gw;wpNa gae;J tpl;Nld;" vd;wdh; mijf;Nfl;l
fjP[h uspay;yh`; md;`h mth;fs; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fisg;ghh;j;J
(tp\ak;) mt;thwy;y. my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! cq;fis xUNghJk; my;yh`;
,opTgLj;jkhl;lhd;. epr;rakhf ePq;fs; uj;j nrhe;jj;ij Nrh;j;J (mutizj;Jf;)
nfhs;fPwPh;fs;! nra;jpapy; cz;ikNa NgRfpwPh;fs;! (mdhijfs;> tpUe;jpdh;> FLk;gj;jhh;
MfpNahh;f;F nghWg;Ngw;W mth;fSf;fhf nryT nra;J> mth;fsJ) Rikiajhq;fpf;
nfhs;fpwPh;fs;. kw;wth;fshy; ,ayhj msTf;F ngUk; nghUis <l;b (mtw;iw
ed;ikahdtw;wpy; kdpjh;fSf;fhf) nryT nra;fpwPh;fs;. tpUe;jpdiu cgrhpf;fpwPh;fs;.
cz;ikahd f\;lj;jpypUg;gtUf;F cjtpAk; nra;fpwPh;fs;. vdf;$wptpl;L egp ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fis mioj;Jf; nfhz;L tuhfgpd; et;gy;gpd; m]j; gpd; mg;Jy;
c[;[htplk; tUfpd;wdh;.
(tufh vdf;$wg;gLk;) ,th; fjP[h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fsJ je;ijapd; cld;
gpwe;j rNfhjuupd; kfdhthh;. mth; mwpahik fhyj;jpy; fpwp];jtuhf ,Ue;jhh;. mugpapy;
E}y; vOJk; jpwik kpf;ftuhf ,Ue;jhh;. cah;thd my;yh`; mth; ve;j msT vOj
Ntz;Lnkd ehbapUe;jhNdh> me;j msT mugp nkhopapy; ,d;[Piy vOjpdhh;. mth;
mg;NghJ taJ Kjph;e;jtuhfTk;> fz;ghh;itapoe;jtuhfTk; ,Ue;jhh;.
,thplk; te;jile;j fjP[h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs;> vdJ khpahijf;FhpatNu! ckJ
rNfhjuupd; kfdplkpUe;J (mth; $Wtijf;) Nfl;gPuhf! vd;wdh;. mjw;fth; vd; rNfhjuupd;
kfdhNu! vd;d fz;bh;? vdf; Nfl;lhh;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; vijf;fz;lhh;fNsh? mij mtUf;F njhptpj;jdh;. mth; egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fisg; ghh;j;J> cq;fSf;F (,iwawptpg;igf;
nfhz;L) te;j> ,e;j [pg;hpy; jhd; %]hgpd; ,k;uhd; mth;fSf;fhf (thdj;jpypUe;J
mwptpg;igf; nfhz;L) ,wf;fg;gl;lth;. (me;j egpj;Jtj;ij kf;fSf;F ePq;fs; gpur;rhuk;
nra;Ak; fhyj;jpy;) mg;NghJ ehd; KWf;fhd thypgdhf ,Uf;f Ntz;LNk! ckJ
r%fj;jth; ck;ik (gpwe;j kz;zpypUe;J) ntspNaw;Wfpd;w NghJ ehd; capNuhL ,Uf;f
Ntz;LNk vdf; $wpdhh;. (,ijf;Nfl;l) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs;:
'mth;fs; vd;id (Ciutpl;L) ntspNaw;wp tpLthh;fsh?" vdf;Nfl;f> tufh mth;fs; Mk;!
ePq;fs; nfhz;L te;jij ve;j kdpjUk; nfhz;Ltutpy;iy: mth; giff;fg;gl;Nl jtpu!.
ck;Kila (me;j) ehs; vd;id mile;Jtpl;lhy; (ehd; mJtiu capNuhL ,Ug;gpd;) kpff;
fLikahd cjtpahf cq;fSf;F ehd; cjTNtd;!> vdf; $wpdhh;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


,e;jr; nra;jpia egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; Jiztpahh; md;id
Map\h uspay;yh`; md;`h mth;fs; mwptpj;jjhf ch;thgpd; [{igh; mth;fs;
mwptpj;jhh;fs;.
xU Kf;fpa Fwpg;G:
egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; egpj;Jtk; fpilf;Fk; Kd;G `puhkiyapd;
FifapDs; nrd;W jdpj;jpUe;J rpe;jpj;jdh;> vd;gJ kpfr;rhpahd cz;ik. Mdhy;
egpj;Jtk; fpilj;jgpd; kf;fis tpl;Lg; gphpe;J ve;j kiyapd; Fiff;Nfh> my;yJ
jdpg;gl;l ,lj;jpw;Nfh nrd;W gy ehl;fs; my;yJ gy ,uTfs; ,Ue;Jtpl;ljhf vt;tpj
MjhuKk; ,y;iy. cz;ik epiyik ,t;thW ,Uf;f: my;yh`; ,Ugj;J %d;W tUl
fhyk; ,g;Gdpjkhd khh;f;fj;jpd; midj;J tp\aq;fisAk; mth;fs; %yk;> nrhy;yhf>
nrayhf> rk;kjkhfj;jhd; my;yh`; fw;Wj;je;jhd;. Mdhy; egpj;Jtj;jpw;Fg;gpwF ve;j
kiyiaAk; ve;j FifiaAk; Njb egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
nry;ytpy;iy vd;gij kpfj; njspthf ehk; tpsq;fpnfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.
`jP]; vz; : 74
mG+]ykhtplk;> 'KjyhtJ ,wf;fp itf;fg;gl;l Fh;Md; (trdk;) vJ?" vd ehd;
(mwptpg;ghsh;) Nfl;Nld;. mjw;fth; ah ma;A`y; Kj;j];]ph; vdf; $wpdhh;. ehd; ',f;uc"
,y;iyah? vdf; Nfl;Nld;.
mjw;fth;> ~ehd; (mG+]ykh) [hgph; gpd; mg;Jy;yh`; uspay;yh`{ md;`{tplk; KjyhtJ
,wf;fp itf;fg;gl;l Fh;Md; (trdk;) vJ?” vdf; Nfl;Nld;. 'ah ma;A`y; Kj;j];]ph;"
vdf; $wpdhh;. ehd; ',f;uc" my;yth? vdf; Nfl;Nld;. mjw;F [hgph; gpd; mg;Jy;yh`;
uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; 'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
vkf;F vij mwptpj;jhh;fNsh> mij cq;fSf;F ehd; nrhy;fpNwd;" vd;W $wptpl;L;
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> 'ehd; `puh(f; Fifapy;)tpy;
xU khjkpUe;Njd;. vdJ ,Uf;ifia Kbj;Jf;nfhz;L ,wq;fp gs;sj;jhf;fpd;
eLg;gFjpapy; ele;Njd;. mg;NghJ ehd; miof;fg;gl;Nld;. (mjdhy;) vdf;F Kd;Dk;>
vdf;F gpd;Dk;> vd; tyg;GwKk;> vd; ,lg;GwKk; Nehl;lkpl;Nld;. xUtiuAk; fhztpy;iy.
mjd;gpwFk; ehd; miof;fg;gl;Nld;. xUtiuAk; fhztpy;iy. mjd;gpwFk; ehd;
miof;fg;gl;Nld;. (mjdhy;) vd; jiyia ehd; caj;jpNdd;. mg;NghJ mth; mjhtJ
[pg;hPy; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fs; fhw;wpy; xU rpk;khrdj;jpd; kPJ ,Ue;jhh;. (mjpypUe;J)
vdf;F fLikahd eLf;fk; gpbj;Jf; nfhz;lJ. (mjd; fhuzkhf) fjP[h uspay;yh`;
md;`h mth;fsplk; te;J vdf;F Nghh;j;Jq;fs;! vd;Nwd;. vd;kPJ jz;zPiuAk;
Cw;wpdhh;fs;. mg;NghJjhd; “Nghh;it Nghh;j;jpf;nfhz;bUg;gtNu! vOe;J vr;rhpf;if
nra;tPuhf! ckJ ,ul;rfid (mtdJ jpUehkj;ij) cah;j;JtPuhf! ckJ ciliar;
Rj;jg;gLj;jpf; nfhs;tPuhf! mRj;j (tpf;fpu)q;fis ntWg;gPuhf! ” vd;w trdj;ij my;yh`;
,wf;fp itj;jhd;> vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: v`;ah uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G: Kjd;Kjyhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F
'`puh" Fifapy; ',f;uc" vd;gJjhd; ,iw mwptpg;ghf te;jJ. mjd;gpwF rpy ehl;fs;
tiu t`P tutpy;iy. mJ vt;tsT fhyk; vd;gJ gw;wp mwpQh;fSf;F kj;jpapy; fUj;J
NtWghL cz;L. mjd;gpd;dh; jhd; xUehs; Nkw;$wg;gl;l rk;gtj;njhlhpy; “ah ma;A`y;
Kj;j];]ph; ” vd;w trdj;njhlh; ,wq;fpaJ. t`P tUtJ rpy ehl;fs; epd;W mjd;gpwF

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


njhlq;fpa thrfk;> “ ah ma;A`y; Kj;j];]ph;” vd tpsq;fpf; nfhs;sNtz;Lk;. ,jw;F
khwhf ,iw mwptpg;gpd; njhlf;fNk 'ah ma;A`y; Kj;j];]ph;" jhd; vdf; $WtJk;>
'my;/ghj;jp`h" mj;jpahak; vdf; $WtJk; Mjukw;wjhFk; vd ,khk; ettp
u`;kj;Jy;yh`p miy`p mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.

t`p mjpfkhf> mJ njhlh;e;J te;jJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 75
epr;rakhf vy;yhtw;iwAk; kpifj;jtDk;> kfj;Jtj;jpw;F chpatDkhfpa my;yh`;
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F ,wg;nga;Jtjw;F Kd;Gk;
,wg;nga;Jk; tiuAk; t`Piaj; njhlur; nra;jhd;. vd;iwa jpdk; ,wg;nga;jpdhh;fNsh?
md;W jhd; t`P kpf mjpfkhf ,Ue;jJ.
mwptpg;gth;: md]; gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

“egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fis ,utpd; xU


gFjpapy; thdq;fspd; ghy; mioj;Jr;nry;yg;gl;lJ gw;wpAk;
njhOiffs; flikahf;fg;gl;lJ gw;wpAKs;s ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 76
'Guhf;"1 vdf;fhf nfhz;Ltug;gl;lJ. ('Guhf;" vd;gJ) ntz;ikahdjhfTk;> fOijiatpl
nghpajhf - ePz;ljhfTk;> NfhNtW fOijiatpl rpwpajhfTk; cs;s xU gpuhzpahFk;.
mjd; (kW) Xuk; Kbtilfpd;w ,lj;jpy; mjd; ghjj;ij itf;Fk;. mjd;kPJ ehd; Vwp
(mkh;e;J) igj;Jy; Kfj;ji] te;jile;Njd;. egpkhh;fs; jq;fs; thfdq;fis ve;j
tisaj;jpy; fl;Lthh;fNsh me;j tisaj;jpy; fl;bNdd;. mjd;gpd;dh; mg;gs;spapDs;
Eioe;J ,uz;L uf;mj;Jfs; njhOJ tpl;L ntspNawpNdd;. mg;NghJ [pg;hPy;
miy`p];]yhk; mth;fs; kJit xU ghj;jpuj;jpYk; ghiy xU ghj;jpuj;jpYk; vd;dplk;
nfhz;L te;jdh;. ehd; ghiy Njh;e;njLj;Jf; nfhz;Nld;. [pg;hPy; miy`p];]yhk;
,aw;ifia 2Njh;e;njLj;jPh; vdf; $wpdhh;fs;. gpwF ek;ik [pg;hPy; miy`p];]yhk;
mth;fs; thdj;jpd; ghy; cah;j;jpdhh;. thdj;ij mile;j mth; (fjit) jpwf;FkhW
$wpdhh;. mg;NghJ 'eP ahh;?" vdf; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ> '[pg;hPy;" vd;whh;. 'ck;Kld; ,Ug;gth;
ahh;?" vdf; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. 'K`k;kJ" vdf; $wpdhh;. 'mth;fisAk; ,q;F mioj;Jtu
miog;G(mDkjp) mDg;gg;gl;ljh?" vdf; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. 'mth;fisAk; ,q;F mioj;Jtu
miog;G(mDkjp) mDg;gg;gl;lJ" vd ([pg;hPy;) $wpdhh;. vq;fSf;fhf thry; jpwf;fg;gl;lJ.
mg;NghJ ehd; Mjk; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fSld; ,Uf;fpNwd;. vd;id (Mjk;
miy`p];]yhk; mth;fs; ) tuNtw;W vdf;fhf ey;yitfSf;fhf gpuhj;jpj;jdh;.
mjd;gpwF vq;fis ,uz;lhtJ thdj;jpd; ghy; mth; cah;j;jpdhh;. [pg;hPy;
miy`p];]yhk; mth;fs; jpwf;FkhW Ntz;bdhh;. 'eP ahh;? " vdf; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ> '[pg;hPy;"
vd;whh;. 'ck;Kld; ,Ug;gth; ahh;?" vdf; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. 'K`k;kJ" vdf; $wpdhh;.
'mth;fisAk; ,q;F mioj;Jtu miog;G(mDkjp) mDg;gg;gl;ljh?" vdf; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ.
'mth;fisAk; ,q;F mioj;Jtu miog;G(mDkjp) mDg;gg;gl;lJ" vd ([pg;hPy;) $wpdhh;.
vq;fSf;fhf thry; jpwf;fg;gl;lJ. mg;NghJ ehd; rpwpa jha;top kf;fshfpa <rhgpd; khpak;>
a`;ahgpd; [f;fhpah mth;fSld; ,Uf;fpNwd;. mt;tpUtUk; vd;id tuNtw;W vdJ
ed;ikf;fhf gpuhj;jpj;jdh;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


mjd; gpwF vq;fis %d;whtJ thdj;jpd; ghy; cah;j;jpdhh;. [pg;hPy; jpwf;FkhW
Nfl;lhh;fs;. 'ePh; ahh;?" vdf; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ> '[pg;hPy;" vd;whh;. 'ck;Kld; ,Ug;gth; ahh;?"
vdTk; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. 'K`k;kJ" vdf; $wpdhh;. 'mth;fspd; ghy; miog;G (mDkjp)
mDg;gg;gl;ljh?" vdf; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. 'mtUf;F mDkjp mDg;gg;gl;lJ" vd ([pg;hPy;)
$wpdhh;. vq;fSf;fhf fjT jpwf;fg;gl;lJ. mg;NghJ ehd; A+R/g; miy`p];]yhk;
mth;fSld; ,Uf;fpNwd;. cyfj;jth;fSf;nfy;yhk; nfhLf;fg;gl;l mofpy; rhpghjpia
nfhLf;fg;gl;ltuhf ,Ue;jhh;. vdf;F tuNtw;G $wp vdf;fhf-rpwe;jitfSf;fhf-
gpuhj;jpj;jdh;.
mjd;gpwF ek;ik ehd;fhtJ thdj;jpd; ghy; mth; ([pg;hPy;) cah;j;jpdhh;. [pg;hPy;
jpwf;FkhW $wpdhh;. 'eP ahh;?" vdf; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ> '[pg;hPy;" vd;whh;. 'ck;Kld; ,Ug;gth;
ahh;?" vdTk; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. 'K`k;kJ" vdf; $wpdhh;. mth;fspd; ghy; miog;G (mDkjp)
mDg;gg;gl;ljh? vdf; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. 'mtUf;F mDkjp mDg;ggl;lJ vd ([pg;hPy;)
$wpdhh;. vq;fSf;fhf fjT jpwf;fg;gl;lJ. mg;NghJ ehd; ,j;hP]; miy`p];]yhk;
mth;fSld; ,Uf;fpNwd;. mth;fs; vd;id tuNtw;W vdf;fhf-rpwe;jitfSf;fhf-
gpuhj;jpj;jdh;. ty;y my;yh`; 'cah;thd ];jhdj;jpw;F mtiu (,j;hP]; miy`p];]yhk;
mth;fis) cah;j;jp ,Uf;fpd;Nwhk;" vdf; $wpdhhd;.
ek;ik Ie;jhtJ thdj;jpd; ghy; cah;j;jpdhh;. [pg;hPy; jpwf;FkhW $wpdhh;. mg;NghJ 'eP
ahh;?" vdf; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ> '[pg;hPy;" vd;whh;. 'ck;Kld; ,Ug;gth; ahh;?" vdf;
Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. 'K`k;kJ" vdf; $wpdhh;. 'mth;fisAk; ,q;F mioj;Jtu
miog;G(mDkjp) mDg;gg;gl;ljh?" vdf; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. 'mth;fisAk; ,q;F mioj;Jtu
miog;G(mDkjp) mDg;gg;gl;lJ" vd ([pg;hPy;) $wpdhh;. vq;fSf;fhf thry; jpwf;fg;gl;lJ.
mg;NghJ ehd; `h&d; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fSld; ,Uf;fpNwd;. mth;fs; vd;id
tuNtw;W vdf;fhf rpwe;jitfSf;fhf gpuhj;jpj;jdh;.
mjd;gpwF MwhtJ thdj;jpd; ghy; ek;ik cah;j;jpdhh;. [pg;hPy; jpwf;FkhW $wpdhh;.
mg;NghJ ',th; ahh;?" vdf; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ> '[pg;hPy;" vd;whh;. 'ck;Kld; ahh;?" vdf;
Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. 'K`k;kJ" vd;whh;. 'mtUf;F mDkjp toq;fg;gl;ljh?" vdf;
Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. 'mtUf;F mDkjp toq;fg;gl;lJ" vd ([pg;hPy;) $wpdhh;. vq;fSf;fhf
thry; jpwf;fg;gl;lJ. mg;NghJ ehd; %]h miy`p];]yhk; mth;fSld; ,Uf;fpNwd;.
vdf;F tuNtw;G $wp ed;ikf;fhf gpuhj;jid nra;jhh;fs;.
mjd;gpwF VohtJ thdj;jpd; ghy; mth; vq;fis cah;j;jpdhh;. [pg;hPy; jpwf;FkhW
$wpdhh;. mg;NghJ 'eP ahh;?" vdf; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ> '[pg;hPy;" vd;whh;. ',th; ahh;?" vdf;
Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. 'K`k;kJ" vdf; $wpdhh;. 'mtUf;fhf miog;G(mDkjp) mDg;gg;gl;ljh?"
vdf; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. 'mtUf;F miog;G(mDkjp) toq;fg;gl;lJ" vd ([pg;hPy;) $wpdhh;.
vq;fSf;fhf thry; jpwf;fg;gl;lJ. mg;NghJ ehd; ,g;uh`pk; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fSld;
,Uf;fpNwd;. igj;Jy; 3 k/%hpd; ghy; mth;fs; KJif rha;j;jth;fshf ,Uf;fpwhh;fs;.
mg;NghJ me;j tPl;bDs; xU ehisf;F vOgJ Mapuk; kyf;F (mkuh;fs;) Eiofpwhh;fs;.
mjd;ghy; xU jlit Eioe;jth; kPz;Lk; Eiotjpy;iy. ( mth;fs; jpUk;Gtjpy;iy). gpwF
rpj;juj;Jy; 4 Kd;(j;)j`h tpd;ghy; vd;id nfhz;L nrd;whh;. mg;NghJ mjd; ,iyfs;
ahidapd; fhJfis Nghy; ,Ue;jJ. mjd; goq;fs; nghpa ghidfs; Nghd;W ,Ue;jd.
my;yh`;tpd; fl;lisapd; epkpj;jk; mijr; #o Ntz;baJ #o;e;J nfhz;lnghOJ mJ
khwptpl;lJ. mjd; moifg;gw;wp my;yh`;tpd; gilg;Gfspy; ahUk; th;zpj;J nrhy;y rf;jp
ngw khl;lhh;.
vd;ghy; vij mwptpf;f Ntz;LNkh mij my;yh`; mwptpj;jhd;. xt;nthU ,utpYk;>

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


gfypYk; Ik;gJ njhOiffis vd;kPJ mtd; flikahf;fpdhd;. %]h miy`p];]yhk;
mth;fspd; ghy; ehd; ,wq;fpNdd; 'ckJ ck;kj;jpdh; kPJ ckJ ,ul;rfd; vijf;
flikahf;fpdhd;?" vdf; Nfl;lhh;fs;. (xt;nthU ,uTgfYf;Fk;) [k;gJ njhOiffs;
vd;Nwd; (mjw;F %]h miy`p];]yhk; mth;fs;) 'ckJ ,ul;rfdpd; ghy; jpUk;gpr; nrd;W
Fiwf;FkhW Nfl;gPuhf!. epr;rakhf ckJ ck;kj;jth; mjw;F rf;jp ngwkhl;lhh;fs;.
fhuzk; epr;rakhf ehd; ,];uNtyh;fspd; kf;fis Nrhjpj;Njd;. mjpy; ehd;
Njhy;tpaile;Njd;" vdf; $wpdhh;fs;. vdJ ,ul;rfd;ghy; jpUk;gp vdJ ,ul;rfh! vdJ
ck;kj;jth;fSf;fhf Fiwg;ghahf! vdf; $wpNdd;. vdf;F Ie;ijf; Fiwj;jhd;. %]h
miy`p];]yhk; mth;fspd; ghy; jpUk;gp 'vdf;F Ie;J Fiwf;fg;gl;lJ" vd;Nwd;.
'epr;rakhf ckJ ck;kj;jth; mjw;F rf;jp ngwkhl;lhh;fs;" vdf; $wp 'ckJ ,ul;rfdpd;
ghy; jpUk;gpr; nrd;W Fiwf;FkhW NfSq;fs;" vd;whh;.

cah;thd mgptpUj;jpfis ey;Fk; vdJ ,iwtDf;Fk;> %]h miy`p];]yhk;


mth;fSf;Fk; kj;jpapy; jpUk;g jpUk;gr; nrd;Nwd;. ,Wjpahf mtd; (kfj;JtKk;
fz;zpaKk; epiwe;j my;yh`;) K`k;kNj! epr;rakhf xt;nthW gfypYk;> ,utpYk; Ie;J
njhOiffs; MFk;. Xt;nthW njhOiff;Fk; gj;J cz;L mJjhd; Ik;gJ. ahuhtJ xU
ed;ikia(ed;ikahd fhhpaj;ij) vz;zp> mij nra;ahtpl;lhYk; $l mjw;fhf mtUf;F
xU ed;ik vOjg;gLk;. mij mth; nra;Jtpl;lhy; mjw;fhf mtUf;F gj;J (ed;ikfs;)
vOjg;gLk;. xUth; xU jPikia ehb (gpd;dh;) mij nra;ahky; tpl;Ltpl;lhy; mth;kPJ
vijAk; vOjg;gl khl;lhJ. mth; mij (mj;jPikia) nra;J tpl;lhy; xU jPik kl;LNk
vOjg;gLk; vdf; $wpdhd;. mijg;ngw;W %]h miy`p];]yhk; mth;fsplk; ,wq;fpNdd;.
mth;fsplk; tp\aj;ij $wpNdd;. mjw;fth;> 'kPz;Lk; cq;fs; ,ul;rfdplj;jpy; nrd;W
Fiwf;f NfSq;fs;" vd;whh;fs;. 'vdJ ,ul;rfdplj;jpy; ntl;fg;gLk; msTf;F ehd;
jpUk;gptpl;Nld;" vd;gjhf mthplk; $wpNdd; vd;gjhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`pt]y;yk; mth;fs; mwptpj;jhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: md]; gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G :
1. 'Guhf;" vd;Dk; nrhy; 'gh;f;" vd;gjpypUe;J <z;L vLf;fg;gl;ljhFk;. gh;f; vd;why;
kpd;dy; vd;gJ nghUshFk;. ,t;thfdk; kpd;dy; Nghd;W kpfj; Jhpjkhf gha;e;J
nry;yf;$ba epiyia my;yh`; mjw;F ey;fp ,Ue;jhd;. kf;fs; kj;jpapy; glk; gpbj;J
itf;fg;gl;Ls;sijg; Nghd;wjy;y.
2. ,];yhkpa khh;f;fj;ijAk;> mjd;kPJ epiyj;J ,Ug;gijAk; vd;w fUj;Nj '/gpj;uj;"
,aw;if vd;gjw;FhpajhFk;. \u`;ettP ghfk; 2> gf;fk; 212
3 . igj;Jy; k/%h;: VohtJ thdj;jpy; G+kpapy; cs;s jpUf;f/ghit Nghd;w xU tPL
cs;sJ. mjd; ngah; 'igj;Jy; k/%h;" MFk;.
4 . rpj;uj;Jy; Kd;(j;)j`h rpj;uj; vd;gjw;F ,ye;ij kuk; vd;gJ nghUshFk;.
Kd;(j;)j`h vd;gjw;F filrp vy;iy - KbT - vd;gJ nghUshFk;.

egpkhh;fs; miy`pK];]yhk; mth;fs; gw;wp egp ]y;yy;yh`{


miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpaJ gw;wp ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 77

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


“kf;fhTf;Fk; kjPdhTf;Fkpilapy; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fSld; ehq;fs; nrd;W nfhz;bUe;Njhk;. mg;NghJ xU gs;sj;jhf;fpw;F mUfhikapy;
ele;J nfhz;bUe;Njhk;. ',J vd;d gs;sj;jhf;F?" vd egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; Nfl;lhh;fs;. ePy epwg;(m[;uf;) gs;sj;jhf;F vd ehq;fs;(]`hghf;fs;)
$wpNdhk;. mg;NghJ %]h miy`p];]yhk; mth;fspd; epwk;> mth;fspd; Kbiag;gw;wpf;
$wpdhh;fs;. (jhT+j; vd;w `jP]; mwptpg;gth; mij kddk; nra;atpy;iy) my;yh`;tpd;
ghy; 'jy;gpa;ah" $Wtjdhy; cah;e;j rj;jk; cilath;fshfTk;> mtuJ ,U tpuy;fis
jdJ fhjpy; itj;jtuhfTk; ,e;j gs;sj;jhf;fpy; elg;gtuhf %]h miy`p];]yhk;
mth;fis epr;rakhf ehd; cw;W Nehf;Fgtid Nghd;W ,Uf;fpNwd;. vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.
mjd; gpwF xU fPog;gFjpf;F te;Njhk;. ,J ve;j fPo;g;gFjp vd (egp ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk;) mth;fs; Nfl;f `h;\h vd;w ( kjPdhTf;Fk;> \hk; ehl;Lf;Fk;
,ilapYs;s) xU kiyg;gFjp vd;Nwhk;. my;yJ 'y/g;J" vd;Nwhk;.
A+D}]; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fis> rptg;G epw xl;lfj;jpd; kPJ mkh;e;jth;fshf fk;gsp
[pg;gh mth;fs; kP(jdpe;)jpUf;f> mth;fspd; xl;lff;fapW <r;rk;ghis ehh; nfhz;L
jahhpf;fg;gl;ljhf ,Uf;f> mJ njha;thf tplg;gl;l epiyapy;> ,e;jg; gs;sj;jhf;fpy;
'jy;gpa;ah" $wpath;fshf ele;J nfhz;bUf;f> ehd; cw;WNehf;Fgtid Nghd;W
,Uf;fpNwd; vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : ,g;D> mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh
`jP]; vz; : 78
ve;j ,utpy; vd;id (kp/uh[{f;F) mioj;Jr;nry;yg;gl;lNjh me;j ,utpy; %]h
miy`p];]yhk; mth;fis ehd; re;jpj;Njd;. clypy; rijg;gw;W mjpfkpy;yhj ePz;l
kdpjuhf> jiythhpath;fshf> ~\D}M| (mOf;Ffis tpl;Lk; J}a;ikahdth;) $l;lj;ijr;
rhh;e;j Mlth;fspy; cs;sth;fisg; Nghd;W ,Ue;jdh;. vd;gjhf th;zpj;J fhl;bdhh;.
<]h miy`p];]yhk; mth;fisr; re;jpj;Njd; ~cauNkh> Fs;sNkh ,y;yhj ruhrhp
cauj;ijf; nfhz;l cUtj;ij cilatuhf> Fspj;Jtpl;L Fspay; miwapypUe;J
ntspNaWgtiug; Nghd;wpUe;jhh;| vd mth;fis my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; th;zpj;Jf; $wpdhh;fs;.
',g;uh`pk; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fis ehd; fz;Nld;. ehd;jhd; mth;fsJ kf;fspy;
mth;fSf;F kpf xg;ghdtdhf ,Uf;fpNwd;" vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.
,U ghj;jpuq;fis vdf;fhf nfhLf;fg; ngw;Nwd;. mjpy; xd;wpy; ghy; ,Ue;jJ.
kw;nwhd;wpy; kJ ,Ue;jJ. ,uz;by; vij tpUk;GfpwPNuh? mij vLj;Jf; nfhs;tPuhf! vd
vdf;Ff; $wg;gl;lJ. ghiy vLj;J ehd; Fbj;J tpl;Nld;. ',aw;iff;F (khh;f;fj;jpw;F)
top fhl;lg;gl;Bh;! my;yJ ,aw;ifia (khh;fj;ij) vLj;J nfhz;Ltpl;Bh;" vd mth;
([pg;hPy;) $wpdhh;. 'epr;rakhf ePq;fs; kJit vLj;jpUe;jhy; ckJ ck;kj;jth;fs; top
nfl;bUg;gh;. vdj; njhpe;J nfhs;tPuhf" vdTk; ([pg;hPy;) $wpdhh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+ `{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

<]h miy`p];]yhk; mth;fisAk; j[;[hiyAk; gw;wp egp


]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpa ghlk;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


`jP]; vz; : 79
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`pt]y;yk; mth;fs;> xU ehs; kf;fSf;F kj;jpapy;
k]P`{j;j[;[hiy gw;wp epidTgLj;jpf; nfhz;bUe;jdh;. epr;rakhf mgptpUj;jpfis ey;Fk;
my;yh`; xw;iwf; fz;izAilatdy;yd; vdf; $wpdhh;fs;. k]P`{j;j[;[hy; tyf;fz;
FUld;. 1epr;rakhf mtDf;F fz; JUj;jpf; nfhz;L ,Uf;Fk;. jpuhl;iriag;
Nghd;wpUf;Fk; vd;gij mwpe;J nfhs;Sq;fs;. fle;j ,uT (my;yh`;) f/ghtpy;> fdtpy;
vdf;F fhl;bdhd;. mg;NghJ kpfTk; rpfg;gpy;yhj khepwj;ijAila ePq;fs; ghh;f;f $ba
kdpjh;fspd; epwj;jpy; kpf mofhd epwj;ijAila xU kdpjh;> mthpd; Kb mtuJ ,U
Njhs; G[q;fSf;fpilapy; ,Uf;f> jiythhpathW> mth; jiyapypUe;J jz;zph; nrhl;ba
epiyapy;> mtuJ ,U iffisAk; ,U kdpjh;fspd; Njhs; G[q;fspd; kPJ itj;jtuhf>
mt;tpUtUf;F kj;jpapy; mth; ,Uf;f> my;yh`;tpd; tPl;il jth/g; nra;af;$batuhf
,Ue;jhh;. ',th; ahh;? " vdf; Nfl;Nld;. ,th;jhd; 'kh;aKila kfd; k]P`;| vd vdf;F
$wpdh;.
“tyJfz; ,y;yhj xw;iwf;fz;iz cilatdhf2 ,Uf;f typikkpFe;j cly;
fl;Lila> xU kdpjid mth;fSf;F mg;ghy; ghh;j;Njd;. ehd; ghh;j;j kdpjh;fspy; ,g;D
f(j;)jd; vd;w kdpjiu Nghd;W ,Ue;jhh;. mtd; jdJ ,U iffisAk; ,U kdpjh;fspd;
Njhs; G[q;fspd; kPJ itj;jthW> (my;yh`;tpd;) tPl;il jth/g; nra;J nra;J
nfhz;bUf;f ehd; fz;L tpl;L ',th; ahh;? " vdf; Nfl;Nld;. ,td;jhd;
'my;k]P`{j;j[;[hy;" vd $wpdh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; ckh; uspay;yh`; md;`{
Fwpg;G: 1> 2 Nfhzy; fz; cilatdhd> mtdJ xU fz; kiwf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk;.
egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`pt]y;yk; mth;fs; egpkhh;fSf;nfy;yhk; ,khkhf ,Ue;J
njhOif elj;jpaJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 80
ehd; `p[;hpy; (f/ghtpy; cs;s `[h; ,];khapy; vd;w ,lj;jpy;) vd;id ehd; fz;ltdhf
,Ue;Njd; Fiw\pah; vd; ,uTg;gazk; (kp/uh[;) gw;wp vd;dplk; Nfl;Lf;nfhz;bUe;jdh;.
igj;Jy; Kfj;j]py; cs;s mNef tp\aq;fs; gw;wp vd;dplk; (re;Njfj;NjhL Nfs;tp)
Nfl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;jdh;. mitfis ehd; kdjpy; ,Uj;jpf; nfhs;stpy;iy.
(mf;Nfs;tpfSf;F gjpyspf;f Kbahky;) kpFe;j fLikahd rpukj;jpw;F Mshf;fg;gl;Nld;.
(mjw;F Kd;G) mJNghd;w rpukj;jpw;F ehd; MshfNtapy;iy. (mg;NghJ) my;yh`; mijNa
(Nfs;tpfSf;F rhpahd gjpyspf;f cjtpahf igj;Jy; Kfj;ji]Na) vdf;F cah;j;jpf;
fhl;bdhd;. ehd; mjd; ghy; cw;W Nehf;FfpNwd;. mjd;gpwF mth;fs; vijg;gw;wpf;
Nfl;lhYk; ehd; mJgw;wp (rhpahf) mwptpj;Jf; nfhLf;fhkypy;iy. egpkhh;fspd; xU
$l;lj;jpy; ehd; vd;idf; fz;Nld;. mg;NghJ %]h miy`p];]yhk; mth;fs; epd;W
njhof;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh;. epr;rakhf mth;fs; '\D}M" $l;lj;ijr; rhh;e;j
Mlth;fspy; cs;stiug;Nghd;W fl;lhd clYld; rijFiwe;j kdpjuhf ,Ue;jdh;.
(mjw;fLj;J) mNj Neuj;jpy; kh;akpd; kfd; <]h miy`p];]yhk; mth;fs; epd;W njhOJ
nfhz;bUe;jdh;. [dq;fspy; mtiug; Nghd;w Njhw;wj;jpy; ,Ug;gth; ch;th gpd; k];CJ
mj;jfgPahthh;. (mjw;fLj;J) mNj Neuj;jpy; ,g;wh`Pk; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fs; epd;W
njhOJ nfhz;bUe;jdh;. kdpjh;fspy; mth;fSf;F kpf xg;ghdth; cq;fs; Njhoh;(Mfpa
ehd;jhd; vd;W jd;idf; fhl;bdh;) vd;wdh;. njhOif Neuk; te;Jtpl;lJ.
mth;fSf;nfy;yhk; ,khkhf epd;W njho itj;Njd;. njhOifia ehd; Kbj;Jf;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


nfhz;lNghJ> “K`k;kNj! eufj;jpw;F nghWg;ghsh; 'khypf;" ,th;jhd;. ,tUf;F ryhk;
$Wq;fs;” vd;W xUth; $wpdhh;. MfNt mthpd; ghy; jpUk;gpNdd;. mtNu vdf;F ryhk;
$w Muk;gpj;J tpl;lhh; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`pt]y;yk; mth;fs;
$wpdhh;fs; vd mG+ `{iuuh uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;
Fwpg;G: `jP]; vz; : 76 Kjy; 80 tiuapy; egpkhh;fspd; epiyfisf; fz;ljhf
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`pt]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpa $w;wpd; tpsf;fk;
tUkhW:
egpkhh;fs; (miy`pK];]yhk;) ,wg;nga;jp tpl;lth;fshf ,Uf;f> kWikapy;
nray;ghLfSf;F ew;$yp ngWk; ,lkhf ,Uf;f; mth;fs;> jy;gpa;ahf; $wpath;fshf> jth/G
Rw;wf; $bath;fshf> njhOgth;fshf ,Uf;Fk; epiyia> egp ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`pt]y;yk; mth;fs; vt;thW fz;lhh;fs;; mjd; cz;ik epiy vd;d? vd;gjd;
tpsf;fk; gw;wp \u`; ettPapy; fhop ,aho; mth;fspd; $w;iw ettP u`;kj;Jy;yh`p
miy`pK];]yhk; mth;fs; efy; nra;fpwhh;fs;. mjpypUe;J rpytw;iw ,q;Nf jUfpNwhk;:
1. ,t;thW ele;j epfo;r;rpfs; ahitAk; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
fdtpd; %yk; fz;lhh;fs;. ,jw;F Mjhuk; ckh; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;Fk;
`jP]; “ehd; cwq;fpf; nfhz;bUe;j nghOJ> jth/G nra;tjhf fdT fz;Nld;.” me;jj;
njhlhpy; <]h miy`p];]yhk; mth;fs; tp\aj;ij egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;. MfNt ,J fdtpy; fhl;lg;gl;l epiyahFk;.
2. egpkhh;fs; (miy`pK];]yhk;) mth;fspd; [Ptpa fhyj;jpy; ele;j epfo;r;rpfis> ekJ
egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F fhl;lg;gl;lJ mjdhy;jhd;>
'%]htpd; ghy; ghh;g;gtidg; Nghd;W ,Uf;fpNwd;"
'<]htpd; ghy; ghh;g;gtidg; Nghd;W ,Uf;fpNwd;"
'A+D}rpd; ghy; ghh;g;gtidg; Nghd;W ,Uf;fpNwd;"
vdf; $wpdhh;fs;. MfNt ,J Vw;fdNt ele;jtw;iw fhl;rpahf itj;Jf; fhl;lg;gl;lJ
vd;gJ njspthfpwJ.
3 . my;yh`; Vida egpkhh;fisnay;yhk;gw;wp jd; mwptpg;gpd; %ykhf mwptpf;f> mwptpf;f
,th;fs; nrhy;ypf;nfhz;Nl ,Ue;jpUf;fyhk;; vdNt ,J ,iw mwptpg;G vd;gJ njspT.

,uTg;gazj;jpd;1 NghJ 'rpj;uj;Jy; Kd;j`h"tpd;ghy; egp


]y;yy;yh`{ miy`pt]y;yk; mth;fs; nrd;wiljy; vd;gJ gw;wpa
ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 81
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`pt]y;yk; mth;fis ve;j ,utpy;
mioj;Jr;nry;yg;gl;lNjh mt;tputpy; ~rpj;uj;Jy; 2Kd;j`h|tpd;ghy; ; (nrd;wile;jgpd;)
mth;fs; gazk; Kw;Wg;ngw;Wtpl;lJ. mg;gazj;jpy; mJNt mth;fs; nrd;wile;j
filrpahFk;. (mjw;fg;ghy; nry;ytpy;iy). mJ Mwhk; thdj;jpy; cs;sJ. 3 G+kpapypUe;J
vijnay;yhk; (thdj;jpd;ghy;) cah;j;jg;gLfpwNjh mitahTk; mjd;ghy; nrd;W
Kbtile;JtpLfpwJ. mq;fpUe;Jjhd; vLf;fg;gLk;. (mJ NghyNt) NkNy ,Ue;J ,wq;Fk;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


ahTk; mq;F te;J (Njq;fp) Kbtile;JtpLk;. mjpypUe;Jjhd; vLf;fg;gLk;.
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`pt]y;yk; mth;fs; mq;Nf nrd;wile;j rkak;
,ye;ij kuj;ij #of;$baJ #o;e;J nfhz;l Neuj;jpy; vd;d #o;e;jJ vd;gjw;F
tpsf;fkhf jq;fj;jpd; tphpg;G vdf;$wpdhh;fs;. 4 %d;W tp\aq;fs; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`pt]y;yk; mth;fSf;F (mt;tputpy;) nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ.
INtisj; njhOiffis nfhLf;fg;gl;lhh;fs;. my;gfuh mj;jpahaj;jpd; ,Wjpiaf;
nfhLf;fg;gl;lhh;fs; jd; ck;kj;jpy; ahh; my;yh`;tpw;F vijAk; ,izitf;ftpy;iyNah
mtuJ ngUk;ghtq;fs; kd;dpf;fg;gl;L tpLfpwJ (vd;gijAk; nfhLf;fg;gl;lhh;fs;) vd
mg;Jy;yh`; ,g;D k];CJ uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.
Fwpg;G:

1. egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; k];[pJy; `uhk; gs;spapypUe;J k];[pJy;


mf;]htiu (jiug;gazj;ij)Ak; gpd;dh; k];[pJy; mf;]h(vDk;) igj;Jy;
Kfj;j];]pypUe;J rpj;uj;Jy; Kd;j`h tiu tpz;Zyfg; gazj;ijAk; Nkw; nfhz;ldh;.
[pg;hPy; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fspd; NjhoikAld; ,g;gazk; ele;NjwpaJ. ,g;gazj;jpw;F
ngah;jhd; ,];uhc> kp/uh[; vd;gjhFk;. ,g;gazk; gw;wpj;jhd; ,uTg;gazk; vd ,e;j
`jP]; te;Js;sJ.
2. ,ye;ij kuj;jpd; filrp vy;iy. ,ijj;jhz;b egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; nry;ytpy;iy. ,JNt mth;fs; gazj;jpd; filrp vy;iyahFk;.
3 . ,ye;ij kuj;jpd; mbg;gFjp Mwhk; thdj;jpYk; mjd; ngUk;gFjp Vohk; thdj;jpYk;
cs;sJ. vd kw;nwhW mwptpg;gpy; te;Js;sJ.

“tpy;ypd; ,UKidfs; my;yJ mij tpl kpf neUf;fkhf mth;fs;


,Ue;jdh; vd;w my;yh`;tpd; $w;W gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 82

“tpy;ypd; ,UKidfs; my;yJ mij tpl kpf neUf;fkhf mth;fs; ,Ue;jdh;” vd;w
my;yh`;tpd; $w;W gw;wp (mwptpg;ghsuhfpa) ehd; [ph;U gpd; `{ig\; uspay;yh`; md;`{
vd;gthplk; Nfl;Nld;. mjw;fth; ~epr;rakhf egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
[pg;hPy; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fisf; fz;ldh;. mtUf;F mWE}W ,wf;iffs; ,Uf;f vd
,g;D k];CJ uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs; jkf;F mwptpj;jjhf $Wfpwhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : m\;i\ghdP uspay;yh`; md;`{
Fwpg;G: Nkw;$wg;gl;l trdj;jpd; nghUspy; ,uz;L fUj;Jf;fs; nfhs;sg;gLfpwJ. (1) egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; kp/uh[py; [pg;hPy; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fis
mj;jid neUf;fkhf fz;ldh;. (2) egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
mt;tsT neUf;fkhf my;yh`{itf; fz;lhh;fs;.
,t;tpuz;L fUj;Jfspy; kpfj; njspthdJk; Mjhug;G+h;tkhdJk; Kjy; fUj;NjahFk;
vd;gij ,e;j `jP]; njspTgLj;JfpwJ.
`jP]; vz; : 83

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


',jak; vijf; fz;lNjh? mJ ngha;f;ftpy;iy. epr;rakhf mtiu ([pg;hPy; miy`p];]yhk;
mth;fis) ,uzlhk; Kiwahf ,uf;fj;jpy;(,wq;Fk;NghJ) fz;ldh;" vd;w
,iwtrdq;fis Xjp ,g;D mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs;> “(egp ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk;) mth;fs;> mtiu ([pg;hPiy) ,uz;lhtJ Kiw jq;fsJ
(kdf;fz;zhy;) ,jaj;jhy; fz;ljhf ” $Wfpwhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : ,g;D mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G : `jP]; vz; 82-y; $wg;gl;l fUj;J ,q;Nf njspthf typAWj;jg;gLfpwJ vd;gijf;
fhzyhk;.

kfj;JtKk; fz;zpaKk; nghUe;jpa my;yh`;it (kdpjDf;Fhpa)


Kff;fz;fshy; kWikapy; fhz;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 84
ehd; 1(mwptpg;ghsh;) Map\h uspay;yh`; md;`h mth;fsplj;jpy; jiyaizapd; kPJ
rha;e;jthW ,Ue;Njd;. mg;NghJ “ %d;W tp\aq;fs; (cz;L) mtw;wpy; vijNaDk;
xd;iwg;gw;wp ahNuDk; Ngrpdhy; mth; my;yh`;tpd; kPJ ngUk; ngha;iaf; $wpatuhf
,Uf;fpwhh;.” vd Map\htpd; je;ijNa! vd vd;id mioj;Jf; $wpdhh;.
mitfs; ahit? vd ehd; Nfl;Nld; (mjw;F Map\h uspay;yh`; md;`h) mth;fs;
1. “ epr;rakhf K`k;kJ ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; jdJ ,ul;rfidg;
ghh;j;jhh;fs; ” vd ahh; $WfpwhNuh mth; my;yh`;tpd; kPJ ngUk; ngha;iaf; $wptpl;lhh;
vd $wpdhh;fs;;.
ehd; (jiyaizapd; kPJ rha;e;jpUe;jtd;) vOe;J mkh;e;J> “ tpRthrpfspd; jhahh;
mth;fNs! vdf;F nfhQ;rk; mtfhrk; nfhLq;fs;” “mtrug;glhjPh;fs;” vdf; $wptpl;L
~njspthd Nky; kl;lj;jpy; epr;rakhf mth; mtiug; ghh;j;Jtpl;lhh; | vd;Wk;> ~epr;rakhf
mtiu ,uz;lhk; Kiwapy; ,wq;Fifapy; fz;ldh; vdTk; cah;thd my;yh`;
$wtpy;iyah? | vd ehd; (mwptpg;ghsuhfpa k];&f;) Nfl;Nld;.
(mjw;F Map\h uspay;yh`; md;`h) mth;fs;> “,e;jr; r%fj;jpy; ,t;trdq;fisg;gw;wp
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplkpUe;J Kjyhtjhf Nfl;lJ
ehd;jhd;. mJ [pg;hPy; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fisg; ghh;j;jijj;jhd; (Fwpg;gpLfpwJ). ve;j
Njhw;wj;jpy; gilf;fg;gl;lhNuh me;j Njhw;wj;jpy; ,e;j ,uz;L jlitfspy; my;yhJ mtiu
ehd; ghh;f;ftpy;iy ” vdf; $wptpl;L ~thdj;jpypUe;J ,wq;ff;$batuhf> mtuJ
gpuk;khz;lkhd gilg;G> thdj;jpw;Fk; G+kpf;Fk; kj;jpapy; cs;stw;iw milj;Jf;
nfhz;bUf;f ehd; fz;Nld; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs; (NkYk;).
“mtidg; ghh;itfs; milahJ. mtd;jhd; ghh;itfis milfpwhd;. mtd; El;gkhdtd;.
nra;jpfis mwpe;jpUg;gtd;” vd;w my;yh`;tpd; $w;iw ePh; nrtpAwtpy;iyah? (vdf;
Nfl;Ltpl;L NkYk;)
ve;j kdpjNuhLk; my;yh`; t`Papd; %yNkh my;yJ jpiuf;F mg;ghy; ,Ue;Njh jtpu
NgRtjpy;iy. my;yJ mtd; xU J}jiu mDg;gp itg;ghd;. mth; (mj;J}jh;) mtdJ

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


cj;juT ngw;W mtd; (my;yh`;) tpUg;gg;gl;lij (kdpjh;fSf;F) mwptpg;ghh;. epr;rakhf
mtd; (my;yh`;) cah;TilatdhfTk;> Ez;zwpTilNahDkhtd; vd;w my;yh`;tpd;
$w;iw ePh; nrtpAwtpy;iyah? vdf; Nfl;lhh;fs;.

2. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> my;yh`;tpd;


Ntjj;jpypUe;J vijahtJ kiwj;Jtpl;lhh;fs; vd (ahuhtJ) $wpdhy;> mth;
my;yh`;tpd; kPJ ngUk; ngha;iaf; $wptpl;lhh; vd (Map\h uspay;yh`; md;`h) mth;fs;
$wptpl;L
J}jh; mth;fNs! cq;fsJ ,ul;rfdplkpUe;J cq;fs;ghy; ,wf;fp itf;fg;gl;lij vj;jp
itg;gPh;fshf! mt;thW ePq;fs; nra;atpy;iyahapd; mtdJ J}Jj;Jtj;ij ePq;fs; vj;jp
itj;jtuhf Mfkhl;Bh; vd my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;.
3 . ehis elg;gij epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;. (mJgw;wpa mwpT mth;fSf;F cz;L) vd ahNuDk; $wpdhy;
mth; ngUk; ngha;iaf; $wptpl;lhh;. (Vnddpy;)
“thdq;fspYk; G+kpapYk; kiwthdtw;iw my;yh`;itad;wp ahh; mwpthh;? (ahUk;
mwpakhl;lhh;)” vd my;yh`; $Wfpwhd; vd Map\h uspay;yh`; md;`h mth;fs;
$Wfpwhh;fs;.
K`k;kJ ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; kPJ ,wf;fp itf;fg;gl;ljpypUe;J
vijNaDk; kiwf;f $bath;fshf ,Ue;jpUe;jhy;>

“vthpd; kPJ ” my;yh`; jd; mUisAk; Ghpe;J. ePq;fSk; mthpd; kPJ


(mbikj;jdj;jpypUe;J chpik tpl;L) fUiz nra;jPNuh mthplk; ckJ kidtpia ePNu
(tpthfuj;J nra;ahky;) jLj;J nfhs;tPuhf! my;yh`;it ePh; gae;J nfhs;tPuhf! vd
(i[J mth;fsplk;> mtuJ kidtp i[dig mtuJ tpthfuj;jpw;F gpwF my;yh`;
cq;fSf;F jpUkzk; Kbj;J itf;fg; Nghfpwhd; vDk; tp\aj;jij) my;yh`;
ntspg;gLj;jf; $batdhf ,Ue;jij cq;fs; kdjpy; kiwj;jPh;fs; ,J tp\aj;jpy;
kdpjh;fisg; gae;jPh;fs;. (Mdhy;) my;yh`;jhd; ePq;fs; gag;gLtjw;F kpf chpatd;” vd;w
,e;j trdj;ij my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; kiwj;jpUf;f
Ntz;Lk;. (Mdhy; ,ij kiwf;ftpy;iy; vd Map\h uspay;yh`; md;`h mth;fs;
$wpdhh;fs;
mwptpg;gth; : k];&f; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G: mwptpg;ghsUf;F Map\h vd xU kfs; ,Ue;jhh;. MfNt jhd; Map\htpd;
je;ijNa! vd Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs; mioj;Jf; $Wfpwhh;fs;.
`jP]; vz; : 85
vq;fSf;F kj;jpapy; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; epd;W
[e;J tp\aq;fisf; $wpdh;. (mit) 'epr;rakhf my;yh`; cwq;f khl;lhd;. mtDf;F
cwf;fk; mtrpakw;wJ. juhir cah;j;jTk; jho;j;jTk; nra;fpwhd;. gfypd; nray;(fs;)
cah;j;jg;gLk; Kd;Ng ,utpd; nray;fs; mtd;ghy; cah;j;jg;gLfpwJ. ,utpd; nray;fs;
cah;j;jg;gLk; Kd;Ng gfypd; nray;(fs;) cah;j;jg;gLfpwJ. mtdpd; jpiu xspahFk;
(kw;nwhU mwptpg;gpy; mtdpd; jpiu neUg;ghFk;). mtd; mij ePf;FthNdahdhy; mtDila
Kfj;jpd; 1xspf;fjph;fs;> mtdJ ghh;it vJtiu nrd;wilfpwNjh mJtiu fhpj;J

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


(nghRf;fp) tpLk;" vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+ %]h uspay;yh`; md;`{
Fwpg;G : 1. ,e;j `jP]py; te;Js;s Kfk; vd;w thh;j;ijf;F my;yh`;tpd; jhj;J - mtNd
vd;W nghUs; nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;.
`jP]; vz; : 86
vq;fspd; ,ul;rfid kWik ehspy; ehq;fs; fhz;Nghkh? vd rpy kdpjh;fs; my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; Nfl;ldh;. (mjw;F) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;; 'G+uzr; re;jpudpd; ,utpy; re;jpuidf; fhz
cq;fSf;F VNjDk; rq;flk; cz;lh?" vdf; Nfl;ldh;. mjw;F mth;fs; ~my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fNs! ,y;iy!” vdf; $wpdhh;.
'Nkfk; ,y;yhj epiyapy; R+hpaidf; fhz cq;fSf;F VNjDk; rq;flk; cz;lh?" vd
(my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;) Nfl;f. mjw;F mth;fs;
,y;iy vdf; $wpdh;. (gpd; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;)
mt;thNw epr;rakhf ePq;fs; cq;fs; ,ul;rfid fhz;gPh;fs; vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.
(fhZk; tpjk;) kWik ehspy; kf;fis my;yh`; xd;W Nrh;g;ghd;. (Nrh;j;jgpd;) ahh; vij
tzq;fpdhNuh? mij mth; gpd; njhluTk; vdf; $Wthd;. R+hpaid tzq;fpath; R+hpaidg;
(gpd;) njhlUthh;. re;jpuid tzq;fpath; re;jpuid (gpd;) njhlUthh;. my;yh`; my;yhj
kw;witfis (i\j;jhd;fis) tzq;fpath; mitfis gpd; njhlUthh;. (mg;NghJ) ,e;j
r%fj;jpy; eatQ;rfh;fs; vQ;rptpLth;. (mg;NghJ) mth;fSf;F njhpe;j Njhw;wkpy;yhj xU
Njhw;wj;jpy; mth;fsplk; my;yh`; te;J ehd; (jhd;) cq;fs; ul;rfd; vdf; $Wthd;.
(mjw;fth;fs;) cd;dpypUe;J my;yh`;itf; nfhz;L ehq;fs; fhh;khdk; NjLfpNwhk;.
vq;fspd; ul;rfd; vq;fsplk; tUk;tiu ,Jjhd; vq;fspd; ,lk;. vq;fspd; ,ul;rfd;
vq;fsplk; te;jhy; mtid ehq;fs; njhpe;J nfhs;Nthk; vdf; $wpdh;. (mjd;gpwF)
mth;fSf;F mwpKfkhd cUtj;jpy; mth;fsplk; my;yh`; tUfpwhd;. (te;J) ehd;jhd;
cq;fspd; ul;rfd; vdf; $Wfpwhd;. (mjw;fth;fs;) ePjhd; vq;fs; ul;rfd; vdf; $wp
mtid mth;fs; (gpd;) njhlUthh;fs;. eufj;jpd; ,U (Gw) Nky;gFjpf;fpilapy; ']puhj;"
vd;w ghyk; epWtg;gLk;. (mg;NghJ) mij fle;J nry;gth;fspy; Kjyhkth; ehDk; vdJ
ck;kj;Jf;fSk; MFk;. me;ehspy; J}jh;fisj; jtpu kw;nwtUk; Ngr khl;lhh;fs;. me;ehspy;
J}jh;fspd; gpuhh;j;jid -'ah my;yh`; eufpypUe;J rhe;jpia ey;Fthahf! rhe;jpia
ey;Fthahf!! " - vd;gjhfNt ,Uf;Fk;. Ks; epiwe;j ]hmjhd; nrbiag;Nghd;W eufj;jpy;
nfhf;fpfs; ,Uf;Fk;. (vdf; $wp mr;nrbiag;gw;wp tptuj;ijAk; nrhy;ypf; fhl;Lfpwhh;fs;)
]hmjhd; vd;Dk; nrbiag;ghh;j;J ,Uf;fpwPh;fsh? (vdf; Nfl;f) mjw;fth;fs;
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fNs! Mk;! vd;fpd;wdh;.
epr;rakhf mf;nfhf;fpfs; - ]hmjhidg; Nghd;wJjhd;. MapDk; mjd; gpukhz;lk; vd;d?
vd;gJ gw;wp my;yh`;itad;wp ahUk; mwpa khl;lhh;fs;. (]puhj; vd;Dk; ghyj;jpd; kPJ
nry;Yk;NghJ) mth;(kdpjh;)fspd; nray;fSf;F Vw;wthW mf;nfhf;fpfs; kdpjh;fis
Nfhh;j;J ,Of;Fk;. mth;fspy; tpRthrp(fs;) jd; ew;nraypd; fhuzkhf mjpypUe;J jg;gp
tpLth;. mth;fspy; rpyh; fiu Nrh;f;fgLk;tiu jz;bf;fg;gLgth;fSk; cz;L.
vJtiunadpy; jd; mbahh;fSf;F kj;jpapy; jPh;g;G toq;Ftij Kbj;Jf; nfhz;lgpd;
eufthrpfspypUe;J jd;dUshy; ahiu ntspahf;f my;yh`; tpUk;gpdhNdh mth;fisAk;
mth;fspy; ahh; my;yh`;tpw;F vijAk; ,izitf;ftpy;iyNah mth;fisAk;(NkYk;)
mth;fspy; ahUf;F my;yh`; mUs; nra;a ehbdhNdh mth;fisAk; eufpypUe;J

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


ntspNaw;WkhW mkuh;fSf;F my;yh`; fl;lisapLfpwhd;. eufpypUf;Fk; mth;fis>
mth;fspd; (new;wp) ][;jh RtLfisf; nfhz;L mkuh;fs; njhpe;J nfhs;thh;fs;. Mjkpd;
kfid clypUe;J ][;jhtpd; Rtl;il eufk; jpz;ZtjpypUe;J my;yh`; tpyf;fp
,Uf;fpwhd;. (MfNt> me;j milahsj;ij kyf;Ffs; mwpe;J) fhpe;J Nghd epiyapy;
mth;fs; eufpypUe;J ntspNaw;wg;gLthh;fs;. (mjd;gpwF) mth;fs; Nky; (Rtd ePh;)
[Ptpaj;jz;zPh; Cw;wg;gLk;. nts;sk; te;j gpd; mjpy; kpje;JtUk; tpj;Jfs; (Jhpjkhf)
Kisg;gJ Nghd;W mjpypUe;J Kisj;(caph;j;)njOth;. mjd;gpwF my;yh`; jdJ
mbahh;fSf;F kj;jpapy; jPh;g;G toq;fp Kbj;JtpLthd;.
eufpd; Nky; Kfk;ftpo;e;J fplf;Fk; xUth; vQ;rpapUg;ghh;. mth;jhd; Rtdthrpfspy;
Rtdj;jpy; EioAk; filrp kdpjuhthh;. “vd; ,ul;rfh! eufj;ij tpl;Lk; vd; Kfj;ij
jpUg;Gthahf!” epr;rakhf mjd; Jh;ehw;wk; vd;id mopj;Jtpl;lJ. mjDila neUg;gpd;
fbd [{thiy vd;id fhpj;Jtpl;lJ vd mth; $wpathW my;yh`; ve;j msT
ehbdhNdh? me;j msT mth; gpuhh;j;jid nra;jtuhf ,Ug;ghh;. mg;NghJ ehd; mij
cdf;fhf nra;jhy; mjy;yhjij eP Nfl;ghah? vd mgptpUj;jpfis ey;FgtDk;>
cah;thdtDkhfpa my;yh`; Nfl;fpwhd;. (mjw;F mk;kdpjh;) mjy;yhjij ehd; Nfl;f
khl;Nld; vdf; $wp my;yh`; ehba mstpw;F cWjpnkhopfisAk; cld;gbf;iffisAk;
jdJ ,ul;rfDf;F nfhLf;fpwhh; (xg;ge;jj;jpw;F gpwF) eufj;ij tpl;Lk; mth; Kfj;ij
my;yh`; jpUg;gp itf;fpwhd;. (mtd;) Rtdj;jpd;ghy; Kd;Ndhf;fp mij (Rtdj;ij)
ghh;j;Jtpl;lhy; ve;j msT mth; Ngrhky; ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk; vd my;yh`; tpUk;gpdhNdh
me;j msT mth; (mk;kdpjh;) Ngrhky; ,Uf;fpwhh;. (gpwF) vdJ ,l;rfh! Rtd thapypd;
ghy; vd;id Kw;gLj;Jthahf vdf; Nfl;fpwhh;. (mijf; Nfl;l my;yh`;) cdf;F ehd;
je;jijay;yhky; NtW vijAk; vd;dplk; eP Nfl;fkhl;Nld; vd;W cdJ
cWjpnkhopfisAk; cld;gbf;iffisAk; vdf;F eP nfhLf;ftpy;iyah? Mjkpd; kfNd!
cdf;F NfL cz;lhfl;Lk;> cdJ xg;ge;jj;ij cilf;fr; nra;jJ vJ? vd my;yh`;
mthplk; Nfl;fpwhd;. (mjw;fth;) vdJ ul;rfh! vd my;yh`;tplk; gpuhh;j;jid nra;J
nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fpwhh; (eP Nfl;l) mij ehd; cdf;F nfhLj;Jtpl;lhy; mJty;yhjij eP
vd;dplk; Nfl;ghah? vd my;yh`; $Wk;tiu (JMr; nra;fpwhd;(mt;thW my;yh`;
$wf;Nfl;lJk;) cdJ fz;zpaj;jpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf ,y;iy vdf; $wp my;yh`; ehba
mstpw;F cWjpnkhopfisAk; cld;gbf;iffisAk; nfhLf;fpwhh;. (mjw;nfhg;g) mtiu
Rtdthapypd;ghy; m(y;yh`;)td; Kw;gLj;Jfpwhd;. mt;thwhf Rtd thapypd;ghy; mtd;
epd;Wtpl;lhy; mtUf;fhf Rtdk; jpwe;J tphpe;JtpLk;. mjpYs;s re;Njh\q;fisAk;>
ey;yitfisAk; ghh;j;JtpLfpwhh;. (ghh;j;jgpd;) mth; ve;j msT NgrhjpUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd
my;yh`; ehbAs;shNdh? me;j msT NgrhjpUe;Jtpl;L> mjd;gpwF vdJ ,ul;rfh! vd;id
Rtdj;jpy; Eioar; nra;thahf! vdf; $Wfpwhh;. (mg;NghJ) ehd; cdf;F je;ijay;yhj
NtW vijAk; eP Nfl;ftpy;iy vd cd; cWjpnkhopfisAk; cld;gbf;iffisAk;
jutpy;iyah? Mjkpd; kfNd! cdf;F NfL cz;lhfl;Lk;! cd;Dila cld;gbf;ifia
cilj;njwpar; nra;jJ vJ? vd my;yh`; mthplk; Nfl;fpwhd;. (mijf; Nfl;l mth;)
vdJ ,ul;rfh! cdJ rpU\;bfspy; ghf;fpakw;wtdhf ehd; MfhjpUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W
njhlh;e;J gpuhh;j;jid nra;J nfhz;Nl ,Uf;f mth; nraiyf;fz;L my;yh`; rphpj;J
tpLfpwhd;. (my;yh`; rphpj;Jtpl;L) Rtdj;jpy; Eioe;J nfhs; vdf;$Wfpwhd;. mjpy; mth;
Eioe;jJk;. Mirg;gL vd mtUf;F my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;. (mjw;nfhg;g) jdJ
,ul;rfdplk; jd; Mirfisnay;yhk; $wpf; Nfl;fpwhh;. mtUf;F ,d;d,d;dtw;iwnay;yhk;
(eP Nfs; vd;gjhf) my;yh`; epidT+l;bf; nfhz;bUf;Fk; tiu (Nfl;fpwhh;) mtuJ
Mirfs; midj;jpYk; mth; vijnay;yhk; epidj;jpUe;jhNuh? mijnay;yhk; mth;
Nfl;Lk;tiu (Nfl;L Kbj;J) tpLfpwhh;. mitaidj;Jk; mit Nghd;wJk; cdf;F cz;L
vd my;yh`; $wptpLfpwhd;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


mG+]aPJy; Fj;hP uspay;yh`; md;`{> mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fsplk; ,e;j
`jPi]f; Nfl;Lf; nfhz;bUe;j NghJ mthpd; `jP]pypUe;J vijAk; kWf;fhjpUe;Jtpl;L>
“mitfSld; mit Nghd;wJk; cdf;F cz;L” vdf; $wpaJk;> “mitNghd;w gj;J
klq;Ffs; mitfSld; cz;L” vDk; thh;j;ij cz;L mG+`{iuuhNt! vd;fpwhh;. mjw;F
'mitAk; cz;L> mtw;Wld; mit Nghd;wJk; cz;L. ” vd;w egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fspd; $w;iwj;jtpu NtnwijAk; ehd; kddk; nra;atpy;iy vd (mG+`{iuuh
uspay;yh`; md;`{) $Wfpwhh;.

“mitAk; mitNghd;w gj;J klq;FfSk; cz;L ” vd;w $w;iw my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;


]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspypUe;J ehd; epr;rakhf kddk; nra;Js;Nsd; vd
mG+]aPJy; Fj;hP uspay;yh`; md;`{ $Wfpwhh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`; md;`{

Vfj;Jtthjpfs; eufpypUe;J ntspNaWjy; gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 87
eufthrpfspy; (epue;jukhf) mjw;Nf chpath;fs;> epr;rakhf mth;fs; mjpy; ,wg;nga;jNth>
[Ptpf;fNth khl;lhh;fs;. MapDk; cq;fspYs;s rpykdpjh;fs; mth;fspd; ghtq;fs;
fhuzkhf my;yJ mth;fspd; jtWfs; fhuzkhf eufk; mth;fisj;jPz;b (vhpj;J) fhpahf
mth;fs; MfptpLk;tiu(apyhf;fp mjd;gpwF) mth;fis my;yh`; KOikahf kuzpf;fr;
nra;JtpLfpwhd;. mjd;gpwF ghpe;Jiuf;fhf mDkjpaspf;fg;gLfpd;wdh;. (mjd;epkpj;jk;)
mth;fis gphpe;JNghd epiyapy; (nfhj;J nfhj;jhf) $l;lkhf nfhz;Ltug;gl;L>
Rtdj;jpd; MWfspd; kPJ cjwg;gLfpwhh;fs;. mjd;gpwF; RtdthrpfNs! mth;fspd; kPJ
nfhl;Lq;fs;! vdf;$wg;gLk;. (mjw;fpzq;f Rtdj;J ePiuf; nfhl;baJNk) nts;sk;
Rke;Jte;j tpij Jhpjkhf Kisg;gJ Nghd;W Kisj;JtpLth; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;. mg;NghJ mf;$l;lj;jpypUe;j xU
kdpjh;> 'epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; (,e;j
cjhuzj;ijf; $Wtjd;%yk;) fpuhkj;jpy; ,Ue;jth;fisg; Nghd;W cs;sdh;"
vdf;$Wfpwhh;.
mwptpg;gth;: mG+]aPJy; Fj;hP uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 88
Rtdj;jpy; filrpahf EioAk; kdpjh; xU Kiw elg;ghh;. xU Kiw Kfk; Fg;Gw tpOthh;.
XU Kiw mtiu neUg;G fhpj;Jf; fUg;ghf;fp tpLk;. me;euif (mij)f; fle;Jtpl;lhy;
mjd;ghy; jpUk;gpg;ghh;j;J> cd;id tpl;Lk; vd;idf; fhg;ghw;wpa mtd; ghf;fpakhdtd;
vdf;$Wthh;. Ke;jpath;fs; gpe;jpath;fs; vtUf;Fk; nfhLf;fhj xU nghUis epr;rakhf
my;yh`; vdf;F nfhLj;Jtpl;lhd; vdf; $Wthh;. mg;NghJ mtUf;fhf xU kuk;
cah;j;jg;gLk;. (jpBnud xU kuk; Kisj;J epw;Fk;). 'vd; ,ul;rfh! ,e;j kuj;jpw;F
mUfpy; vd;idr; nry;yr; nra;thahf! mjd; epoiy ehd; mDgtpj;J epoy; ngWNtd;.
mjd; ePhpypUe;J jz;zPUk; mUe;JNtd;" vdf;$Wfpwhh;. (mjw;F) 'ehd; mij cdf;F
nfhLj;jhy; mjy;yhj kw;w vijahtJ eP Nfl;gha; (my;yth?)" vd my;yh`; $wpaJk;
~vdJ ,ul;rfh! ,y;iy~ vdf;$wptpl;L mjy;yhj kw;w vijAk; my;yh`;tplk; mth;
Nfl;fkhl;Nld; vd cWjpnkhopiaAk; jUfpwhh;. cah;thd mtuJ ,ul;rfd; mtUf;F
kd;dpg;ig mspf;fpwhd;. fhuzk; mtuhy; ,dpAk; nghWj;Jf; nfhs;s KbahJ vd;gij

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


mtd; fhZfpwhd;. MfNt me;j kuj;jpw;F rkPgkhf mtiu my;yh`; neUq;f itf;fpwhd;.
mk;kuj;jpd; epoiyf;nfhz;L mth; epoy; ngWfpwhh;. mjd; ePhpypUe;J ePiu mUe;Jfpwhh;.
mjd;gpwF Ke;jpa kuj;ij tpl kpf mofhd xU kuk; mtUf;fhf cah;j;jg;gLfpwJ ~vdJ
,ul;rfh! ,e;j kuj;jpw;F mUfhikapy; nry;y tpL. mjd; ePhpypUe;J ehd; ePuUe;JNtd;.
mjd; epoYf;F fPo; ehd; epoy; ngWNtd;. ,Jty;yhj kw;w vijAk; Nfl;fkhl;Nld;~
vd;fpwhh;. 'Mjkpd; kfNd! ,Jty;yhj kw;w vijAk; vd;dplk; Nfl;fkhl;lha; vd eP
vd;NdhL cld;gbf;if nra;atpy;iyah?" vd my;yh`; Nfl;f> (,g;NghJ mth; ,J
fpilj;Jtpl;lhy;) ,ijj;jtpu NtW vijAk; Nfl;fkhl;Nld; vd mtdplk; cld;gbf;if
nra;tjhff; $Wfpwhh;. mjw;F 'ehd; cd;id mk;kuj;jpd; ghy; neUq;fr; nra;jhy;
,Jty;yhj NtnwijahtJ Nfl;ghah? vd my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;. mg;NghJ mJty;yhj
NtW vijAk; mtdplk; Nfl;fkhl;Nld; vd cWjpnkhop $Wfpwhh;. mthpd; ,ul;rfd;
mjd;kPJ mtUf;F nghWikapy;iy vdf;fhz;gjhy; kd;dpg;gspj;J mk;kuj;jpw;F
mUfhikapy; neUf;fp itf;fpwhd;. mjd; epoypy; epoy; ngWfpwhh;. mjd; jz;zPiu
mUe;Jfpwhh;.
mjd;gpwF Rtdj;jpd; thapypy; mtUf;fhf xU kuk; cah;j;jg;gLfpwJ. mk;kuk; Ke;jpa ,U
kuq;fis tpl kpFe;j moFilajhf ,Uf;Fk;. (mijf; fz;lJk; mk;kdpjh;) vdJ
,ul;rfh! mjd; epoiyf; nfhz;L ehd; epoy; ngWtjw;fhfTk;>mjd; ePhpypUe;J ePh;
mUe;Jtjw;fhfTk;> mk;kuj;jpd; ghy; vd;id neUq;fr; nra;thahf! ,ijj; jtpu NtW
vijAk; ehd; Nfl;fkhl;Nld; vdf;$Wfpwhh; (mjw;F) 'MjKila kfNd! mijj;jtpu
kw;nwijAk; eP vd;dplk; Nfl;fkhl;lha; vd eP cld;gbf;if nra;atpy;iyah?" (vd
my;yh`; Nfl;fpwhd;) Mk;! vdJ ,ul;rfh! ,J kl;Lk; jhd; ,ijj;jtpu NtW vijAk;
ehd; Nfl;fkhl;Nld; vdf;$Wfpwhh;. mjd;kPJ mtUf;F nghWikapy;iy vd mtuJ
,ul;rfd; fz;ljd; fhuzkhf mtiu kd;dpj;J mtuJ $w;iw Vw;W mk;kuj;jpd; ghy;
mtiu neUq;f itf;fpwhd;. mt;thW mth; Rtdj;jpw;F mUfpy; neUq;fptpLthNuahdhy;
mr;re;jh;g;gj;jpy; Rtd thrpfspd; rg;jq;fis Nfl;fpwhh;. (mt;thW Nfl;lJNk) 'vdJ
,ul;rfh! vd;id mjpy; gpuNtrpf;fr; nra;thahf!" vd;fpwhh;. (mtid ghh;j;J) 'Mjkpd;
kfNd! cdJ Nfs;tpia ,j;Jld; Kbj;Jf; nfhs;s vijf; nfhLj;jhy; eP nghUe;jpf;
nfhs;tha;. ,t;TyifAk;> mj;Jld; mJ Nghd;wijAk; cdf;F ehd; nfhLj;jgpd; mJ
cd;id jpUg;jpgLj;Jkh? (cdf;F jpUg;jpjhdh?") vdf; Nfl;fpwhd;. (mjw;F me;j
kdpjh;) 'vdJ ,ul;rfh! mfpyq;fSf;F vy;yhk; ,ul;rfdhfpa eP vd;id ghpfhrk;
nra;fpwhah?" vdf;$Wfpwhh;. ,ijf;$wptpl;L ,g;Dk];CJ rphpf;fpwhh;fs;. (rphpj;Jtpl;L)
ehd; Vd; rphpj;Njd; vd vd;id ePq;fs; Nfl;f Ntz;lhkh? vd;wdh;. mjw;F ePh; Vd;
rphpj;jPh; vd mth;fs; Nfl;fpwhh;fs; mjw;fth; (NkYk; ,ijf; $wpa NghJ) my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; mth;fSk; ,t;thW jhd; rphpj;jdh;. (my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs!) ePq;fs;
vjw;fhf rphpj;jPh;fs;! vdf;Nfl;fg;gl;l NghJ mfpyq;fspd; ,ul;rfdhf eP ,Uf;f vd;idg;
ghpfhrk; nra;fpwhah? vd mth; $wf;Nfl;L mfpyq;fspd; ,ul;rfd; rphpj;jhNd mjd;
epkpj;jk; ehDk; rphpj;Njd; vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.
epr;rakhf cd;id ehd; ghpfhrk; nra;atpy;iy. MapDk;> ehd; tpUk;gpaijr; nra;Ak;
Mw;wy; cilatdhf ,Uf;fpNwd; vd mfpyq;fspd; ,ul;rfd; $wpdhd;.
mwptpg;gth;: md]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 89
(kWik ehspy;) eufj;jpd; Nky; tUtJ gw;wp Nfl;fg;gl;lij [hgph; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
mth;fsplk; nrtpAw;wjhf mG+[;[{igh; mwptpf;fpwhh;. 'ehk; kWik ehspd; NghJ ,t;thW

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


,t;thnwy;yhk; tUNthk;. (mjhtJ [dq;fs; $l;lq;$l;lkhf epw;Fk;NghJ) vy;yh
[dq;fSk; Nkyhf (Kjd;ikahf ek;ik) ehd; fz;ZWfpNwd; vdf;$wpdhh;.
r%fj;jtnuy;yhk; mth;fsJ tpf;uq;fSlDk;> ,d;Dk; vtw;iwnay;yhk; (cyfpy;)
tzq;fpdhh;fNsh?> mitfSld; Kjyhkth;
(mijaLj;j) Kjyhkth; (vd) miof;fg;gLth;."; mjd;gpwF vq;fSila ,ul;rfd;
vq;fsplk; te;J ahiu vjph;ghh;fpwPh;fs;? vdf; Nfl;ghd;. mjw;fth;fs; vq;fsJ ul;rfid
ehq;fs; vjph;ghh;j;Jf; nfhz;bUf;fpNwhk; vd;ghh;fs;. mjw;ftd; ehd;jhd; cq;fSila
ul;rfd; vd;ghd;. (mg;gbnad;why;) cd;id ehq;fs; ghh;f;f Ntz;Lk; vd;ghh;fs;.
(mjw;fpzq;f) rphpj;jtdhf mth;fSf;F fhl;rpaspf;fpwhd;. mth;fis mioj;Jr;
nry;fpwhd;. mth;fs; mtidj; njhlh;e;J nry;fpd;wdh;. mth;fspYs;s eatQ;rfd;> %/kPd;
(tpRthrp) (Mfpa) xt;nthU kdpjUf;Fk; xspia mtd; ey;Fthd;. (mijg; ngw;Wf;
nfhz;l gpd;) mtid njhlUfpd;wdh;. eufj;jpd; ghyj;jpd; kPJ nfhf;fpfSk;>
,Uk;gpdhyhd cWjpahd Kl;fSk; cs;sd. my;yh`; ahiu (mit) gpbf;fNtz;Lnkd
ehbapUe;jhNd mth;fis mitfs; gpbj;Jf; nfhs;Sk;. mjd;gpwF eatQ;rfh;fSf;F
nfhLf;fg;gl;l xsp mizf;fg;gl;L tpLk;. gpwF tpRthrpfs; (eufj;jpypUe;J ghJfhg;G
ngw;W) fiu Nrh;e;JtpLth;. fiu NrUk; Kjy;$l;lj;jthpd; Kfq;fs; ngsh;zkp ,utpd;
G+uzr;re;jpuidg; Nghd;wpUf;Fk;. (mth;fs;) vOgjhapuk; Ngh;fshth;!. mth;fs;
Nfs;tpf;fzf;F Nfl;fg;glkhl;lhh;fs;. mjd;gpwF mth;fis mLj;Js;sth;fs;
thdj;jpypUf;Fk; kpfg;gpufhrkhd el;rj;jpuk; Nghd;wtuhthh;fs;. mjd;gpwF mt;thNw
ghpe;Jiu Jtq;Fk;. (my;yh`;tpd; mDkjp nfhz;Lk; mtd; nghUj;jj;Jld;)
(ghpe;Jiug;gth;) ghpe;Jiu nra;th;. Kbthf> 'yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{ " vdf;$wp vth;
kdjpy; xU NfhJik kzp msT ed;ik (<khd;) ,Ue;jNjh? mth; eufpypUe;J
ntspNaw;wg;gl;L Rtdj;jpd; Kw;wj;jpy; Mf;fg;gLth;. Rtdthrpfs; jz;zpiuj; njspf;f
Muk;gpg;gh;. Kbthf mth;fs; xU nghUs; nts;sk; te;J nrd;wgpd; Kisj;Jf;nfhs;tJ
Nghd;W Kisj;JtpLth; (eufj;jpy; Rlg;gl;L fhpf;fg;gl;bUe;j mf;)fUg;G ePq;fp tpLk;.
mjd;gpwF mth;fs; cyfj;ijAk; mj;Jld; mJNghd;w gj;Jklq;FfisAk; mtUf;F
Mf;fg;gLkhW Nfl;ghh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+[{igh; uspay;yh`; md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 90
fthhp[;fspd; fUj;Jfspy; (ngUk;ghtk; nra;jth; eufpw;F nrd;wgpd; ntspNaw khl;lhh;.
mjpNyNa ,Ug;ghh; vd;w) xU fUj;J vd;id kpfTk; Ml;nfhz;L tpl;lJ. xU Fwpg;gpl;l
vz;zpf;ifAila xU [khmj;jhf ehq;fs; `[;[{ nra;a Gwg;gl;Nlhk;. `[;i[
Kbj;Jf;nfhz;L (fthhp[;fspd; nfhs;ifia kf;fSf;F vLj;Jf;$w) Gwg;glyhk; vd
,Ue;Njhk;. te;J nfhz;bUe;j (jpUk;Gk;) topapy; kjpdhit ehq;fs; te;J mile;Njhk;.
mg;NghJ [hgph; gpd; mg;Jy;yh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; xU J}zpd; ghy; (rha;e;J)
mkh;e;jth;fshf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fSila `jPi] $l;lj;jth;fSf;F nrhy;ypf;
nfhz;bUe;jdh;. mg;NghJ mth;fs; eufthrpfisg; gw;wpf; $wpf;nfhd;bUe;jdh;.
(mf;fUj;J fthhp[;fspd; fUj;Jf;F khw;whf ,Ue;jJ).
epr;rakhf eP ahiu eufj;jpy; Eioar; nrha;jhNah mtiu epr;rakhf eP ,opTgLj;jptpl;lha;
vd;W my;yh`; (Fh;Mdpy; jk;ikg;ghh;j;J $Wk;gb) $wpapUf;fpwhd;.(NkYk;)
'mjp(eufp)ypUe;J mth;fs; ntspNaw ehLk; Nghnjy;yhk; mjp(eufp)NyNa jpUg;gg;gLthh;fs;
vdTk; my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;. ,t;thwpUf;f my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fspd; NjhoNu! ePq;fs;
$WfpwPh;fNs (,e;j `jP];) mJ vd;d? mJ vg;gb(r; rhpahdjhf ,Uf;f KbAk;) vd

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


ehd; ([hgph; gpd; mg;Jy;yh`; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fisg; ghh;j;J) Nfl;Nld; vdf;
(mwptpg;ghsh;) $Wfpwhh;.
mjw;fth; ([hgph; uspay;yh`{ md;`{) 'FHMid XJfpwPuh?" vdf;Nfl;lhh;. 'Mk;" vd ehd;
$wpNdd;. 'K`k;kJ ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; me;j];J mjhtJ
(kWik ehspd;NghJ) my;yh`; ve;j ];dhj;jpw;F mtiu mDg;gpitg;ghNdh? mJ gw;wp ePh;
Nfs;tpg;gl;bUf;fpwPuh?" vdf;Nfl;lhh;. ehd; "Mk;" vd;Nwd;.
mg;NghJ ([hgph; uspay;yh`{ md;`{) mth;fs;> 'epr;rakhf mJjhd; K`k;kJ
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; Gfog;gl;l ];jhdk;. mjd;%yk; my;yh`; ahiu
(eufpypUe;J) ntspNaw;w tpUk;GfpwhNdh mth;fis (eufpypUe;J) ntspNaw;Wthd;"
vdf;$wpdhh;. mjd;gpd;dh; ']puhj;" (vd;Dk; ghyk;) miof;fg;gLtJ gw;wpAk;> kdpjh;fs;
mjd;Nky; nry;tJ gw;wpAk; th;zid nra;J fhl;bdhh;. mij ehd; ghJfhf;fhJ ,Ue;J
tpLNtNdh? vd;gij ehd; gag;gLfpNwd; vd (mwptpg;ghsh; jd;idg;gw;wpf;) $Wfpwhh;.
MapDk; epr;rakhf (xU) rhuhh; eufpypUe;jgpd; eufpypUe;J ntspNaWth;. mjhtJ (fha;e;J
fUfpa) vs;Sr;nrbapd; Fr;rpfisg; Nghd;W ntspNaWth; vdf;$Wfpwhh;. (mjd;gpwF)
mth;fs; Rtd MWfspy; xU Mw;wpy; Fspg;gh; (Fspj;jg;gpd;) nts;is ntNsnud;w
fhfpjj;ijg; Nghd;W ntspNaWth; vdTk;> [hgph; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ $wpaijf; Nfl;Ltpl;L
(mq;fpUe;J) jpUk;gptpl;Nlhk; vd (a[P Jy;/g(f;)fPh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{) $Wfpwhh;.
cq;fSf;F my;yh`; mUs; nra;thdhf! ,e;j i\f; (mwptpg;ghsh;) my;yh`;tpd; kPJ
ngha; $Wthnud ePq;fs; fUJfpwPh;fsh? vd ehq;fs; $wptpl;L jpUk;gptpl;Nlhk;.
my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! (,ijf; Nfl;l gpd; ,f;$w;iw Vw;Wf;nfhs;Sk; tp\aj;jpy;)
vq;fspYs;s xU kdpjh; jtpu kw;nwtUk; ntspNawtpy;iy (mth; fthhp[;fspd; fUj;ijf;
nfhz;ltuhfNt ,Ue;J tpl;lhh;) (vDk; epiyapy;) ehq;fs; jpUk;gptpl;Nlhk;. my;yJ
mG+E[k; mth;fs; $wpaijg; Nghd;W1
mwptpg;gth; : a[Pjy; /g(f;)fPh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

Fwpg;G: 1gG+y; jf;fPd;> K];ypkpd; MrphpaUf;F mth; Mrphpauhthh;. mjhtJ K];ypk;


u`;kj;Jy;yh`p miy`p mth;fSf;F `jPi] mwptpj;jtUf;F (`jPi]) mwptpj;jtuhthh;.
(`jP]; mwptpg;ghsh;fspy; xUth;).
`jP]; vz; : 91
'eufpypUe;J ehy;th; ntspNaWth;. cah;thd my;yh`;tpd; Kd; mth;fs;
vLj;Jf;fhl;lg;gLth;. mth;fspy; xUth; (jhk; ,Ue;J ntspNawp te;j eufpd;ghy;) jpUk;gp;
'vdJ ,ul;rfh! ,g;NghJ vd;id ntspNaw;wptpl;l eufj;jpy; kPz;Lk; vd;id jpUg;gp
tplhjpUg;ghahf!" vdf;$Wthh;. mijf;Nfl;l my;yh`; mtiu eufpypUe;J fhg;ghw;Wfpwhd;
vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : md]; gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

ghpe;Jiu vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 92
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F xU ehs; ,iwr;rp
nfhz;Ltug;gl;L> Kd; njhilg;gFjp (nfhlq;ifg;gFjp) mth;fSf;F (cz;z)
nfhLf;fg;gl;lJ. mJ mth;fSf;F gphpakhd (czthd)jhfTk; ,Ue;jJ. mjpypUe;J (xU

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


gFjpia) gw;fshy; fbj;jdh;. (gpwF)
kWik ehspd; NghJ kdpjh;fSf;Fnfy;yk; ehd; jiytdhf ,Ug;Ngd;. vjdhy; mJ
vd;W cq;fSf;F njhpAkh? Ke;jpath;fisAk; gpe;jpath;fisAk;> rkkhdjhfTk;
tphpthdjhfTk; cs;s G+kpapy; kWik ehspd; NghJ my;yh`; xd;W Nrh;g;ghd;.
(;[dq;fspy; xU rhuhh; cyfpy; kWj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;jdNu! me;j ehs; epiyepd;W tpl;lJ
vd) miof;f$bath; mth;fSf;Ff; Nfl;f itg;ghh;. ghh;it mth;fis fle;J nry;Yk;1
R+hpad; neUq;fp te;JtpLk;. jhq;fKbahj> mij Rkf;f rf;jpapy;yhj mstpw;F kdpjh;fis
kdf;ftiyAk; rpukKk; te;jilAk;. ePq;fs; ,Uf;fpd;w epiyia ePq;fs; ghh;f;f Ntz;lhkh?
cq;fis mile;Jtpl;l(rq;flq;f)itfisAk; ePq;fs; ghh;f;f Ntz;lhkh? cq;fsJ
,ul;rfdpd;ghy; cq;fSf;fhf ghpe;Jiuf;Fk; xUtiu ePq;fs; (Njbg;gpbf;f) fz;Zw
Ntz;lhkh? vd rpy kdpjh;fs; rpyhplk; $Wth;.
mjw;F rpy kdpjh;fs; Mjk; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fsplk; thUq;fs; vd rpyhplk; $Wth;.
mt;thNw Mjk; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fsplk; mth;fs; tUth; (te;J) 'Mjk; mth;fNs!
ePq;fs; kdpjh;fSf;Fnfy;yhk; (%yj;)je;ij my;yh`; jdJ fuj;jhy; cq;fisg;gilj;J
cq;fspNyNa mtdJ caphpypUe;J capiuAk; Cjp> mkuh;fis fl;lisapl;lhd;. mth;fs;
cq;fSf;F rpuk;gzpe;jdh;. ckJ ,ul;rfd;ghy; vq;fSf;fhf ghpe;Jiu nra;Aq;fs;>
ehq;fs; ,Uf;Fk; epiyia ePq;fs; ghh;f;ftpy;iyah? (vq;fis)
mile;Jtpl;l(rq;flq;fis)tw;iw ePq;fs; ghh;f;ftpy;iyah? vdf;$Wfpd;wdh;. mjw;F
Mjk; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fs;; epr;rakhf vdJ ,ul;rfd; ,d;iwa jpdk;
fLq;NfhgKw;wpUf;fpwhd;. ,ijg;Nghd;W mtd; Nfhgg;gl NghtJkpy;iy. epr;rakhf mtd;
vd;id xU kuj;ij tpl;Lk; jLj;jpUe;jhd; mtDf;F (mJ tp\aj;jpy;) ehd; khW
nra;Jtpl;Nld;. vd;idNa! vd;idNa! vdf;$wptpl;L vd;idj;jtpu kw;wth;fsplk;
nry;Yq;fs;. E}`; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fsplk; nry;Yq;fs; vdf;$wp tpLfpwhh;fs;.
E}`; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fsplk; kf;fnsy;yhk; nry;fpwhh;fs; (nrd;W) ~E}N`! G+kpapd;
ghy; mDg;gl;l (,iwj;) J}jh;fspy; Kjyhkth; ePq;fs;. ed;wpAs;s mbahh; vd my;yh`;
cq;fSf;F ngah; itj;jhd;. (MfNt) ckJ ,ul;rfd; ghy; vq;fSf;fhf ghpe;Jiu
nra;tPu;fshf! ehq;fs; vjpy; ,Uf;fpNwhNkh mij ePq;fs; ghh;f;ftpy;iyah? vq;fis
(te;jile;Jtpl;l) epiyiaAk; ePq;fs; ghh;f;ftpy;iyah vdf;$Wth;. (mjw;F E}`;
miy`p];]yhk;) mth;fs;> ~epr;rakhf vd; ,iwtd; ,diwa jpdk; Nfhgile;J
,Uf;fpwhd;. ,J Nghy; ,jw;F Kd;G mtd; Nfhgg;gl;ljpy;iy. (,dp) mtd; ,JNghy;
Nfhgg;glg;Nghtjpy;iy. epr;rakhf vdf;nfd xU gpuhh;j;jid ,Ue;jJ> vdJ
r%fj;jtUf;F ghjfkhf mijr; nra;Jtpl;Nld;. vd;idNa!
vd;idNa!.......vdf;$wptpl;L ,g;wh`Pk; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fs;ghy; nry;Yq;fs;~
vd;fpd;wdh;.
me;j [dq;fs; ,Gwh`Pk; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fsplk; tUth;. (te;J) ~ePq;fs; cah;thd
my;yh`;tpd; egpAk;> cw;w ez;gUkhf G+kpapypUg;gth;fspy; ,Ue;jPh;fs;. (MfNt) cq;fsJ
,ul;rfd; ghy; vq;fSf;fhf ghpe;Jiu nra;tPu;fshf! ve;j epiyapy; ehq;fs; ,Uf;fpNwhNkh
mij ePq;fs; fhztpy;iyah? vq;fis mile;Jtpl;l ,e;epiyia ePq;fs;
fhzNtz;lhkh?~ vdf;$Wfpd;wdh;. mjw;F ,Gwh`Pk; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fs; epr;rakhf
vdJ ,ul;rfd; ,d;W fLq;NfhgKw;Wtpl;lhd;. ,JNghd;W ,jw;F Kd; mtd;
Nfhgg;gltpy;iy. ,jw;Fg; gpd;Gk; ,JNghd;W mtd; Nfhgkilag;Nghtjpy;iy~ vd;W jhk;
cyfpy; $wpa (%d;W) ngha;fis $Wfpwhh;fs; ;. vd;idNa! vd;idNa! vd;idNa!
vd;idNa!....... vd;fpd;wdh;. vd;iday;yhj kw;wth;fsplk; nry;Yq;fs;. %]h

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


miy`p];]yhk; mth;fsplk; nry;Yq;fs; vd;fpd;wdh;.
[dq;fnsy;yhk; %]h miy`p];]yhk; mth;fsplk; tUfpd;wdh;. %]h mth;fNs! ePq;fs;
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;! jdJ J}Jj;Jtj;ijf; nfhz;L jdJ Ngr;irf; nfhz;Lk; vy;yh
kf;fistpl my;yh`; cq;fSf;F rpwg;ig ey;fpdhd;. ckJ ,ul;rfd; ghy; vq;fSf;fhf
ghpe;Jiug;gPh;fshf! ehq;fs; ve;j (epiyapy;) cs;Nshk; vd;W ePq;fs; ghh;f;ftpy;iyah?
vq;fSf;F Vw;g;gl;Ls;s ,e;epiyia ePq;fs; fhzNtz;lhkh vd;fpd;wdh;. mg;NghJ %]h
miy`p];]yhk; mth;fs;> epr;rakhf vdJ ,ul;rfd; ,d;iwajpdk; Nfhgg;gl;Ltpl;lhd;.
,J Nghd;W ,jw;F Kd; mtd; Nfhgg;gl;ljpy;iy ,dpnag;NghJk; Nfhgg;glg;NghtJ
,y;iy. epr;rakhf ehd; xU capiuf; nfhd;Wtpl;Nld;. mijf; nfhiy nra;AkhW vdf;F
fl;lisaplg;glhky; ,Uf;Fk; NghNj... (mt;thW nfhiy nra;J jtwpioj;J tpl;Nld;)
vd;idNa! vd;idNa!.......~ ePq;fs; <]h miy`p];]yhk; mth;fsplk; nry;Yq;fs;
vd;fpd;wdh;.
kf;fnsy;yhk; <]h miy`p];]yhk; mth;fsplk; te;J> ~<]h mth;fNs! ePq;fs;
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;> njhl;bypy; ,Ue;jNghNj kf;fNshL NgrpdPh;fs;> mtDila
thh;j;ijia mtd; (my;yh`;) kh;akpd;ghy; Nghl;lhd;. (jhq;fs;) mtDila
fl;lisf;fpzq;f mtDila Gwj;jpypUe;J Cjg;gl;l U`; MtPh;. MfNt> vq;fSf;F
ckJ ,ul;rfdplkpUe;J ghpe;Jiu nra;tPh;fshf! ehq;fs; ve;j epiyapy; cs;Nshk; vd;W
ePq;fs; ghh;f;ftpy;iyah? vq;fSf;F Vw;gl;Ls;s ,e;epiyia ePq;fs; fhzNtz;lhkh
vd;fpd;wdh;. mjw;f;F 'epr;rakhf vdJ ,ul;rfd; ,d;iwajpdk; Nfhgg;gl;Ltpl;lhd;. ,J
Nghd;W ,jw;F Kd; mtd; Nfhg;gl;ljpy;iy ,dp vg;NghJk; Nfhgg;gl NghtJ ,y;iy"
jdf;Fg; ve;jg; ghtj;iijAk; mth;fs; $wtpy;iy. vd;idNa! vd;idNa!.......~
vd;iday;yhj kw;wth;fsplk; nry;Yq;fs; vd(Tk;) K`k;kJ ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`pt];]yhk; mth;fs;ghy; nry;Yq;fs; vd <]h miy`p];]yhk; $Wthh;fs;.
mg;NghJ mth;([dq;)fs; vd;dplk; te;J K`k;kJ ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`pt];]yhk;
mth;fNs! ePq;fs; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; egpkhh;fspy; ,Wjpahdth;fs; cq;fsJ ghtj;jpy;
Ke;jpa gpe;jpatw;iw my;yh`; kd;dpj;jUsp ,Uf;fpwhd;. ckJ ,ul;rfd; ghy;
vq;fSf;fhf ghpe;Jiu nra;tPh;fshf! ehq;fs; ve;epiyapy; cs;NshNkh mij ePq;fs;
ghh;f;ftpy;iyah? vq;fs; epiyia ePq;fs; fhztpy;iyah?~ vd;fpd;wdh;.
mq;fpUe;J ehd; elf;fpNwd;. mh;\{f;F fPNo tUfpNwd;. vdJ ,ul;rfDf;fhf
rh\;lhq;fj;jpy; tpOfpNwd;. mjd;gpwF vdf;F my;yh`;> vdf;FKd; vtUf;Fk; jpwe;J
fhl;lhj tp\aj;ij jpwe;J tpLfpwhd; mtdJ Gfo;fisAk; mtidg; Gfo;tjpy;
mofhdtw;iwAk; vdf;F (vd; kdjpy;) cjpf;fr; nra;fpwhd;. mjd;gpwF 'K`k;kNj! ckJ
jiyia cah;j;JtPuhf! Nfl;gPuhf mij nfhLf;fg;gLtPh;. ghpe;Jiu nra;tPuhf! ePh;
ghpe;Jiu nra;tpf;fg;gLtPh;" vd (vdf;Ff;) $wg;gLk;. mjd;gpd; vd; jiyia ehd;
cah;j;JNtd;. vdJ ,ul;rfh! vd; ck;kj;jth;! vd; ck;kj;jth;! vdf;$WNtd;.
K`k;kNj! ckJ ck;kj;jth;fspy; ahUf;F Nfs;tpf;fzf;F(fs;) ,y;iyNah? mth;fis
Rtdj;J thapy;fspy; tyJ thapypy; Eioar; nra;tPuhf! vd vdf;F $wg;gLk;. ,jy;yhj
(Rtdq;fspd;) midj;J thapy;fspYk; gpuNtrpf;f mth;fs; kdpjh;fNshL $l;Lf;fhuh;fshf
,Ug;gh;. K`k;kjpd; caph; vtd; iftrkpUf;fpwNjh mtdpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! Rtdj;J
thapy;fspd; ,U Xuq;fSf;Fk; kj;jpapYs;s (,ilntsp) J}uk; kf;fhtpw;Fk; '`[h;" vd;w
CUf;Fk; my;yJ kf;fhtpw;Fk; G];uhtpw;Fk; ,ilapYs;s J}uk; Nghd;wjhFk;. vd
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


Fwpg;G:
1 m. my;yh`;tpd; ghh;it vy;yhtw;wpd; kPJk; gl;L tpLk; vd;gJ xU fUj;J.
M. rpU\;bfs; vy;NuhiuAk; vy;NyhUk; ghh;j;JtpLth; fhuzk; kiwg;GfNsh jLg;GfNsh
mq;fpy;iy.
2 my;yh`;tpw;F vJTk; kiwe;jNj fpilahJ MfNt ,g;NghJk; ghh;fpwhd; vg;NghJk;
ghh;j;Jf;nfhz;Nl ,Ug;ghd;. vdNt NkNy nrhy;yg;gl;l a,b fUj;Jfis ,t;thrfk;
typAWj;JfpwJ.
Rtdj;jpy; rpghhpR nra;Ak; kdpjh;fspy; Kjhyktd; ehd;. (egpkhh;fis) njhluf;$ba
ck;kj;Jfspy; egpkhh;fspNyNa kpff;$Ljyhd vz;zpf;ifAila ck;kj;Jfis
nfhd;ltDk; ehd; jhd; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk; .
E}y; : \u`; ettP ghfk; 3 gf;fk; 6 7 mG];] Mjhj; u`;kj;Jy;yh`p miy`p
Fwpg;gpLfpwhh;fs;.

Rtdj;jpy; rpghhpR nra;Ak; kdpjh;fspy; Kjyhktd; ehd;.


(egpkhh;fis) njhuf;$ba ck;kj;Jfspy; egpkhh;fspNyNa
kpff;$Ljyhd vz;zpf;ifAila ck;kj;Jf;fis nfhz;ltDk;
ehd;jhd; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 93
'Rtdj;jpy; ghpe;Jiu nra;gth;fspy; Kjyhktd; ehd;. egpkhh;fspy; ve;j egpAk; ehd;
cz;ikg;gLj;jg;gl;l mstpw;F cz;ikg;gLj;jg;gltpy;iy. epr;rakhf egpkhh;fspNyNa xU
egp ,Ue;jhh;(fs;) mtiu mtuJ ck;kj;jpy; xNu (xU) kdpjiuj;jtpu (NtW ahUk;)
cz;ikgLj;jtpy;iy" vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: md]; gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; Rtdj;jpd; thapiyj;


jpwf;fj; NjLjy; gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 94
'kWik ehspy; Rtdj;jpd; thapYf;F ehd; te;J thapiyj; jpwf;FkhW $WNtd;.
Rtdj;jpd; nghWg;ghsh; eP ahh;? vdf;Nfl;ghh;. ehd; jhd; K`k;kJ vdf;$WNtd;
cq;fSf;Fj; jpwe;J tpLkhW ehd; fl;lisaplg;gl;Ls;Nsd; cq;fSf;F Kd;ghf NtW
ahUf;Fk; (mf;fjit) ehd; jpwf;fkhl;Nld; vdf;$Wthh;" vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: md]; gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

'xt;nthU egpf;Fk; mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl;l xU gpuhh;j;jid (J}M)


cz;L" vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


`jP]; vz; : 95
'xt;nthU egpf;Fk; mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl;l xU gpuhh;j;jid (J}M) cz;L. xt;nthU egpAk;
jdJ gppuhh;j;jidia (cyfj;jpNyNa) Jhpjg;gLj;jp(f; Nfl;L) tpl;ldh;. epr;rakhf ehd;
vd; gpuhh;j;jid kWik ehspd; NghJ vdJ ck;kj;jth;fSf;F ghpe;Jiu nra;tjw;fhf
gpw;gLj;jp itj;Js;Nsd;. vd; ck;kj;jpy; ahh; my;yh`;Tf;F vijAk; ,izitf;fhJ
,wg;nga;jptpLfpwhNuh mtUf;F ,d;\h my;yh`; mg;ghpe;Jiu fpilf;Fk;" vd epr;rakhf
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

jd; ck;kj;jth;fSf;fhf egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;


mth;fspd; gpuhh;j;jidg; gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 96
'vd; ,ul;rfh! epr;rakhf mit(tpf;ufq;)fs; kdpjh;fspy; mjpfkhNdhiu top
nfLj;Jtpl;ld. MfNt ahh; vd;idg; gpd;gw;WfpwhNuh? epr;rakhf mth;jhd; vd;idr;
Nrh;e;jtuhthh;. ahh; vdf;F khW nra;fpwhNuh mtiu (cd;dplk; tpl;L tpl;Nld;) epr;rakhf
eP kd;dpf;f$batdhfTk;> md;GilatdhfTk; ,Uf;fpwha;" vd;w ,Gwh`Pk;
miy`p];]yhk; mth;fs; gw;wpa cah;thd my;yh`;tpd; $w;iw epr;rakhf egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; Xjpdhh;fs;. (mijaLj;J <]h miy`p];]yhk;
mth;fspd; $w;iwAk; Xjpdhh;fs;)
'mth;fis eP jz;bj;jhy; epr;rakhf mth;fs; cd; mbahh;fNs! mth;fis eP
kd;dpj;Jtpl;lhy; epr;rakhf ePjhd; kpifj;jtDk; QhdKilatDkhf ,Uf;fpwha;" vd <]h
miy`p];]yhk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
(Nkw;$wg;gl;l ,U trdq;fisAk; Xjpa gpwF egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs;) jq;fsJ ,UiffisAk; cah;j;jp vd; ,ul;rfh! vd; ck;kj;jth;! vd;
ck;kj;jth;! vdf;$wptpl;L mOjdh;.
'[pg;hpNy! K`k;kjpd; ghy; nry;tPuhf! cq;fsJ ,ul;rfd; (epiyfisAk; elg;GfisAk;)
kpf mwpe;jtdhf ,Uf;fpwhd;. MfNt> ck;ik mo itj;jJ vJ? vd mth;fsplk;
Nfl;gPuhf!" vd my;yh`; $wpdhd; (mjw;fpdq;f) [pg;hPy; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fs; (egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p];]yhk;) mth;fsplk; te;J mijg;gw;wpf; Nfl;ldh;. (mjw;F egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p];]yhk; mth;fs;) Vw;fdNt vijf;$wpdhh;fNsh? mijg;gw;wp [Pg;hpy;
miy`p];]yhk; mth;fSf;F njhptpj;jhh;fs;. mtd; (my;yh`;) mJgw;wp (,th;fs;
$whkNyNa ,th;fSila ftiyiag;gw;wp) kpfj; njhpe;jtdhf ,Uf;fpwhd;.
[pg;hPNy! K`k;kjpd;ghy; nrd;W 'epr;rakhf ehk; ckJ ck;kj;jpdh; tp\aj;jpy; ck;ik ehk;
jpUg;jp gLj;JNthk; ckf;F (mt;tp\aj;jpy;) ehk; jPik ,iof;fkhl;Nlhk; vdf;$WtPuhf!"
vd cah;thd my;yh`; $wpdhd;.
mwptpg;gth;: mg;Jy;yhgpd; mk;Ugpd; my;M]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 97
Jigy; gpd; mk;U mj;jt;]P uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; te;J> my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! Nfhl;il nfhj;jsq;fspYk;
(khw;whhpd;) jPikapypUe;J cq;fisj; jLf;Fk; rf;jpfspYk; cq;fSf;F tpUg;gk; cz;lh?
vdf;Nfl;ldh;.

mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs;> xU Nfhl;il 'jt;];' th;f;fj;jpdUf;F


mwpahikfhyj;jpy; ,Ue;jJ. my;yh`; mij md;]hh;fSf;fhf Nrkpj;J itj;jpUg;gjhy;
(mij Vw;f kWj;J) mjpypUe;J jq;fis tpyf;fpf; nfhz;ljhff; $wpdhh;fs;. egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p];]yhk; mth;fs; kjPdhTf;F '`p[;uj;" nrd;w NghJ Jigy; gpd;
mk;Uk; egpapd;ghy; `p[;uj; nra;jhh;. mtUld; mth; r%fj;jpypUe;j xU kdpjUk; `p[;uj;
nra;jhh;. (te;jile;j) mth;fs; kjPdhtpy; jq;Ftij ntWj;jdh;. mjd; fhuzkhf ($l
te;jpUe;j mk;kdpjh;) NehAw;W eLq;f Muk;gpj;jhh;. (NehAw;wpUe;j mth;) jdf;Fhpa
mfykhd mk;Gfis vLj;J mjd;%yk; tpuy;fspy; ,izg;Gfisnay;yhk; Jz;bj;Jtpl;lhh;.
(mjd; njhlhpy; ,wg;nga;jptpl;l) mtiu Jigy;gpd; mk;U (vd;gth;) jd; fdtpy; mofhd
Njhw;wj;jpy; fz;lhh;. mtuJ ,U iffisAk; %ba epiyapy; mtiug;ghh;f;fpwhh;.
(ghh;j;Jtpl;L) ckJ ,ul;rfd; ck;ik vd;d nra;jhd;? vdf;Nfl;fpwhh;. mtDila egp-
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t];]yhk;- mth;fspd;ghy; `p[;uj; nra;jjd; epkpj;jk; vd;ghtj;ijg;
nghWj;J tpl;lhd;. ckJ iffis kiwj;Jf; nfhz;l epiyapy; ck;ik ehd; ghh;f;fr;
nra;jJ vJ? vdf;Nfl;fpwhh;. mjw;fth;> eP tPzbj;jij cd;dpy; ehk; rPh; nra;aNt
khl;Nlhk; vd vdf;F nrhy;yg;gl;L tpl;lJ vdf;$Wfpwhh;.
,ij Jigy; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fsplk; vLj;Jr; nrhd;dNghJ> my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs;> vdJ ,ul;rfh! mtuJ ,U iffSf;fhf (mth; nra;jghtj;ij)
kd;dpj;jUs;thahf! vdf;$wpdhh;.
mwptpg;gth;: [hgph; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

ckJ neUq;fpa Rw;wj;jhh;fis vr;rhpf;if nra;tPuhf! vd;w


kfj;JtKk; fz;zpaKk; cila my;yh`;tpd; $w;W gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 98
ckJ neUq;fpa Rw;wj;jhh;fis vr;rhpf;if nra;tPuhf! vd;w trdk; (egp ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F) ,wf;fp itf;fg;gl;l nghOJ my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; Fiw\pah;fis mioj;jdh;. mth;fnsy;yhk;
xd;W $btpl;ldh;. (mq;Nf) nghJthfTk; Fwpg;ghfTk; mioj;J $wpdhh;fs;.
fmG gpd; Yma;apd; kf;fNs! eufpypUe;J cq;fisf; fhg;ghw;wpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. Ku;uhgpd;
fmGtpd; kf;fNs! eufpypUe;J cq;fisf; ePq;fs; fhg;ghw;wpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. mg;J
\k;Rtpd; kf;fNs! eufpypUe;J cq;fis ePq;fs; fhg;ghw;wpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. mg;J kdhgpd;
kf;fNs! eufpypUe;J cq;fisf; ePq;fs; fhg;ghw;wpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. `h\pkpd; kf;fNs!
eufpypUe;J cq;fisf; ePq;fs; fhg;ghw;wpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. mg;Jy; Kj;jyPgpd; kf;fNs!
eufpypUe;J cq;fisf; ePq;fs; fhg;ghw;wpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. ghj;jpkhNt eufpypUe;J cd;id
fhg;ghw;wpf; nfhs;.
epr;rakhf my;yh`; (cq;fSf;F nfhLf;ftpUf;Fk; jz;lidapypUe;J) tplkpUe;J
(cq;fisf; fhg;ghw;wpf; fiu Nrh;f;f) fhf;f rf;jpaw;wtdhf ehd; ,Uf;fpNwd;. vdpDk;
epr;rakhf cq;fSf;F (vd;Dld;) ,uj;j nrhe;jk; cz;L. mijr;Nrh;j;J elf;f Ntz;ba

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


tifapy; ehd; Nrh;j;J el;Ngd;. (mij Jz;bf;f khl;Nld;) vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

mGjhypGf;F egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;


vj;jpitj;j gyd; gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 99
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! mGjhypGf;F ve;j t];Jitf; nfhz;lhtJ gydhf
,Ue;jPh;fsh? mth; (cq;fis ghJfhj;J cq;fs; vjphpfis klf;fp) cq;fsJ eyd;
fhj;J epd;W> cq;fSf;fhf (mth;fs; kPJ) Nfhgg;gl;ltuhapw;Nw vd mg;gh]; gpd; mg;Jy;
Kj;jyPg; Nfl;ljw;F> 'Mk;! mth; eufj;jpy; (Fiwe;j msthd) fuz;il nkhsptiu (cs;s
neUg;gpy;) ,Uf;fpwhh;. ehd; ,y;iynadpy; eufj;jpd; mbj;jl;by; ,Ue;jpUg;ghh;"
vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: mg;gh]; gpd; mg;Jy; Kj;jyPg; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 100
'eufthrpfspy; kpff; Fiwthd jz;lidia cilath; mGjhyPg; Mthh;. mth; neUg;gpdhy;
Md ,U fhydpfis fhypy; mzpe;jtuhf cs;shh;. mt;tpuz;by; ,Ue;J (Vw;gLk;
c\;zj;jhy;) mtuJ %isf; $l nfhjpf;fpwJ." vd epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs; vd ,g;D mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{
md;`{kh mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.

vd;Dila ck;kj;jth;fspy; vOgJ Mapuk; Ngh; Nfs;tp fzf;fpd;wp


Rtdk; GFth; vd;w egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd;
$w;W gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 101
`{i]d; gpd; mg;Jh;u`;khd; $Wfpwhh;. ehd; ]aPJ gpd; [{igh; mth;fSld; ,Ue;Njd;
mg;NghJ mth; 'cq;fspy; New;W ,uT cile;j el;rj;jpuj;ij fz;lJ ahh;?"
vdf;Nfl;lhh;. (mjw;F) ehd; vdf;$wptpl;L 'epr;rakhf ehd; njhOifapy; ,Uf;ftpy;iy
vdpDk; Njs; vd;id nfhl;btpl;lJ vd;Nwd; (mg;gbnad;why;) eP vd;d nra;jha;?" vdf;
Nfl;lhh;. ehd; Xjp Cjpf;nfhz;Nld; vdf;$wpNdd;. mt;thW cd;idr; nra;a J}z;baJ
vJ? vdf;Nfl;lhh;.
\mgP ekf;F mwptpj;j me;j `jP];jhd; vd;Nwd;. \mgP cq;fSf;F ve;j `jPi]
mwptpj;jhh; vdf;Nfl;lhh;. (mjw;F ehd;) Giujh gpd; `{i]g; my; m];ykP vq;fSf;F
'fz; ghh;it> Njs;fb> tp\k; Nghd;witfSf;Ffy;yhJ Xjpg;ghh;j;jy; ,y;iy"
vdf;$wpdhh; (vd;Nwd;). Nfl;lthW ahh; nray;gl;lhNuh mth; ey;yNj nra;Jtpl;lhh;
vdpDk; ,g;D mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; egp ]y;y;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fisg;gw;wp ekf;F (fPo;fz;lthW) mwptpj;jhh;fs;. (mjhtJ)
vdf;F r%fj;jth;fisf; fhl;lg;gl;lJ xU egpia ehd; fz;Nld;. mtUld; gj;J
NgUf;F Fiwe;j xU $l;lNk ,Ue;jJ? (kw;nwhU) egpia ehd; fd;Nld;. mtUld; XhpU

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


kdpjh;fNs ,Ue;jdh;. ,dp xU egp(ia fz;Nld;) mtUld; vtUNk ,y;iy. mr;rkak;
ngUq;$l;lk; xd;iw vdf;F cah;j;jpf;fhl;lg;gl;lJ. epr;rakhf mth;fs; vdJ
ck;kj;jth;fs; vd ehd; vz;zpNdd;. mg;NghJ ,th;jhd; %]hTk; mtuJ
r%fj;jth;fSk; vd vdf;Ff; $wg;gl;lJ. mjw;F NkNy vd; ghh;itia nrYj;jpNdd;.
mq;Nf xU ngUq;$l;lkpUe;jJ. kw;nwhU Nky;kl;lj;ijg; ghh;itapLkhW vdf;F
$wg;gl;lJ. mq;Nf ngUq;$l;lkpUe;jJ. ,J jhd; ckJ ck;kj;J vd vdf;F
$wg;gl;lJ. mth;fspy; vOgJ Mapuk; Ngh; (Nfs;tp) fzf;fpd;wp (vt;tpj) jz;lidAkpd;wp
Rtdk; nry;th;. mjd;gpwF egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; vOe;J jq;fsJ
miwapy; Eioe;J tpl;ldh;. (ntspapypUe;j) [dq;fs; Nfs;tp fzf;fpd;wp vt;tpj
jz;lidAk; ,d;wp Rtdk; GFk; mth;fisg;gw;wp (Nahrpf;f Muk;gpj;J) mjpNyNa %o;fpAk;
tpl;ldh;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jNuhL cldpUe;j ]`hghf;fshf (mth;fs;) ,Uf;Fk; vd rpyh;
$wpdh;.
,];yhj;jpNyNa gpwe;J my;yh`;Tf;F ahh; vijAk; ,izahf;ftpy;iyNah mth;fshf
,Uf;fyhk; vdTk; rpyh; $wpdh;. ,JNghd;Nw gytw;iwf; $wpdh;. (,jw;fpilapy; cs;Ns
nrd;w my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;) mth;fs; ntspNawp> kf;fSf;F kj;jpapy; (te;jdh;). ePq;fs;
vt;tp\aj;jpy; %o;fpAs;sPh;fs; vdf;Nfl;ldh;. (mjw;fth;fs; jhq;fs;) Ngrpf;
nfhz;bUe;jij egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F njhptpj;jdh;.
(egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; - mth;fs; ahnudpy;). mth;fs;
Xjpg;ghh;f;fNth> kw;wth;fis Xjpg;ghh;f;fj; NjlNthkhl;lhh;fs;. rFdk; ghh;f;fTk;
khl;lhh;fs;. jq;fsJ ,ul;rfdpd; kPNj ghuQ;rhl;Lthh;fs; vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
($l;lj;jpypUe;j) cf;fh\h gpd; kp`;]d; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; mth;fspy;
my;yh`; vd;idAk; Mf;f gpuhh;j;jid nra;Aq;fs; vd;whh;. ePh; mth;fspy; cs;sPh;
vd;wdh;. mjd; gpwF xU kdpjh; vOe;J epd;W vd;idAk; my;yh`; mth;fspy; Mf;fpaUs
gpuhh;j;jid nra;Aq;fs; vd;whh;. mjw;F egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
cq;fis cf;fh\h Ke;jptpl;lhh; vd;gjhf $wptpl;ldh;.
mwptpg;gth;: cNrd; gpd; mg;Jh; u`;khd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

Rtdthrpfspy; Neh;ghjpahf ePq;fs; ,Uf;f cWjpahf ehd; MjuT


itf;fpNwd; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 102
xU $lhuj;jpy; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSld; Rkhh;
ehw;gJ Mz;fs; (tiu) ,Ue;Njhk;. mg;NghJ my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; 'Rtdthrpfspy; ehd;fpy; xU gq;fhf ePq;fs; ,Ug;gij nghUe;jpf;
nfhz;Bh;fsh?" vd $wpdhh;fs;. ehq;fs; Mk; vdf;$wpNdk; vdf;$wpdhh;fs;. (mjd;
gpwF) Rtdthrpfspy; %d;wpy; xU gq;fhf ePq;fs; ,Ug;gij nghUe;jpf;nfhz;Bh;fsh? vd
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; Nfl;lhh;fs;. ehq;fs; Mk; vdf;$wpNdk;.
(mjw;fth;fs;) 'K`k;kjpd; caph; vtd; ifapypUf;fpwNjh mtdpd;kPJ rj;jpakhf> epr;rakhf
ePq;fs; Rtdthrpfspy; Neh;ghjpahf ,Ug;gPh;fnsd ehd; MjuT itf;fpNwd; vd
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdh;fs;. (mjhtJ) epr;rakhf Rtdj;jpy;
topgl;l (jd;id Kw;wpYk; ,iwtDf;fhf xg;gilj;j) capiuj;jtpu NtW vJTk;
EioahJ. ePq;fs; ,iditg;gth;fspd; (ghy; Nrh;j;Jg; ghh;j;jhy;) fUg;G fhiskhl;bd;
Njhypy; xU nts;is epw Kbiag; Nghd;Nw jtpu NtW ,;y;iy. my;yJ rptg;G

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


fhiskhl;bd; Njhypy; xU fUg;G epw Kbiag; Nghd;Nw jtpu ,;y;iy vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: mg;Jy;yh gpd; k];CJ uspay;yh`{ md;`{

xt;nthU Mapuj;jpYk; njhs;shapuj;J njhd;D}w;W xd;gJ Ngiu


eufj;jpw;F nry;y mDg;GtPuhf vd Mjk; mth;fSf;F fz;zpaKk;
kfj;JtKk; nghUe;jpa my;yh`;tpd; $w;W gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 103
fz;zpaKk; kfj;JtKk; nghUe;jpa my;yh`; Mjk; miy`p];]yhk; mth;fis MjNk! vd
mioj;jhd;. ,iwth cd; miog;gpw;F ,Njh M[uhfp ,Uf;fpNwd; cdf;F fPo;g;gbfpd;w
kfpo;r;rpf;fhf Mtyhf fhj;jpUf;fpNwd; ey;yitfs; cd; iftrk; ,Uf;fpd;wd vd;W Mjk;
miy`p];]yhk; gjpyspj;jhh;fs;. eufj;jpw;F nry;y ,Ug;gth;fis jdpahf;FtPuhf vdf;
$Wfpwhd;. eufj;jpw;F nry;y ,Ug;gth;fnsd;why; vd;d? vdf; Nfl;fpwhh;fs;. xt;nthU
Mapuj;jpYk; njhs;shapuj;J njhz;D}w;nwhd;gJ Ngh; vd mtd; (my;yh`;) $Wfpwhd;.
(me;j ehisg;gw;wpf; $Wk;NghJ) me;ehspy; rpwpath;fs; tNahjpfj;ij mile;J tpLth;.
fh;g;gj;ij cilath;fs; jq;fs; Rikia ,wf;fpitj;J tpLth;. (fh;g;g];jPhPfs; Foe;ij
ngw;W tpLth;) kdpjh;fis NghijAila kaf;fkhd epiyapy; fhz;gPh;fs;. MapDk; mth;fs;
NghijAilath;fsy;yh;. vdpDk; (mth;fspd; Nky;) my;yh`;tpd; jz;lid fbdkhdjhf
,Uf;Fk; (vdf;$Wfpwhd;)
mth; (,ij Nfl;l ]`hghf;)fSf;F ngUq;f\;lkhfp tpl;lJ. (MfNt) vq;fspy; me;j
kdpjh; ahh;? vdf;Nfl;lhh;fs;. mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs;. ed;khuhak; ngWq;fs;. a/[{[{ k/[{[{ $l;lj;jpdh;fspy; epr;rakhf MapuKk;>
cq;fspy; xUtUkhthh; vdf;$epdhh;fs;. K`k;kjpd; caph; ahh; ifapypUf;fpwNjh mtdpd;
kPJ rj;jpakhf! epr;rakhf ePq;fs; Rtdthrpfspy; ehd;fpy; xU gq;fhf ,Ug;gij ehd;
MjuT itf;fpNwd; vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
(mijf; Nfl;L) cah;thd my;yh`;itg; Gfo;e;J jf;gPUk; $wpNdhk;. mjd;gpwF vd; caph;
vtd; ifapypUf;fpwNjh mtdpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! Rtdthrpfspy; %d;wpy; xU gq;fhf
,Ug;gij Mty; nfhs;fpNwd; vd;wdh;. mg;NghJ ehq;fs; my;yh`;itg; Gfo;e;J jf;gPUk;
$wpNdhk;. mjd;gpwF vtd; ifapy; vd; caph; ,Uf;fpwNjh mtdpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf
Rtdthrpfspy; ePq;fs; Neh;ghjpahf ,Ug;gij epr;rakhf ehd; Mty; nfhs;fpNwd; vd;wgpd;
kWikapy; tUk; ck;kj;jth;fspy; cq;fSf;F cjhuzk;. fUq;fhis khl;bd; Njhypy; xNu
xU nts;is Kbiag; Nghd;wjhFk;. my;yJ fOijapd; Kd;dq;fhspy; (nfhlq;ifapy;)
cs;s milahsj;ijg; Nghd;wjhFk; vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;ghsh;: mG+]apJ uspay;yh`{ md;`{

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; <khd;


xS (Rj;jk;) gw;wpa E}y;
'Rj;jkpd;wp ve;jj; njhOifAk; my;yh`; mq;fPfhpf;f khl;lhd;"
vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 104
,g;D Mkph; mth;fs; tpahjpa];juhf ,Ue;j NghJ mtiu eyk; tprhhpf;f mg;Jy;yh gpd;
ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; Eiofpwhh;fs;. mg;NghJ ,g;D Mkph; mth;fs; ,g;D
ckh; mth;fNs! vdf;fhf ePq;fs; gpuhh;j;jid nra;af;$lhjh? vd;whh; (mjw;F)
'Rj;jkp(xStp)y;yhj njhOifAk; Nghh;fsj;jpy; jpUba nghUspypUe;J nfhLf;fg;gl;l
jh;kj;ijAk; my;yh`; mq;fPfhpf;fkhl;lhd; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; nrhy;y ehd; nrtpaw;Nwd;. mg;NghJ ePh; g]uhtpy; ,Ue;jPh;
vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: K];mg; gpd; ]mJ uspay;yh`{ md;`{

J}f;fj;jpypUe;J vOk;nghOJ ghj;jpuj;jpy; ifia Eiof;F Kd;


mij fOTtJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 105
'cq;fspy; xUth; J}f;fj;jpypUe;J vOe;J mth; jkJ ifia %d;W Kiw fOTk;tiu
(jz;zPh;) ghj;jpuj;jpy; ifia Eiof;fNtd;lhk;. (Vnddpy;) epr;rakhf mtuJ fuk;
,utpy; vq;Nf ,Ue;jJ vd;gij (mth;) mwpakhl;lhh;" vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;ghsh;: mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

eilghij> epoy; Mfpatw;wpy; ky[yk; fopf;f xJq;FtJ


tpyf;fg;gl;ljhFk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 106
(mij) nra;gth; rgpf;fg;gLfpwhh;. rhgj;jpw;Fhpa ,U tp\aq;fis mQ;rpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;. mg;NghJ
]`hghf;fs;) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs ,U rhgj;jpw;F chpaJ vJ? vdf;Nfl;ldh;.
kdpjh;fspd; eilghijapYk; mth;fSf;F epoy; jUgtw;wpYk; ky[yk; fopf;f
xJq;FtjhFk; vd;wdh;.
mwptpg;gth;: mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

ky[yk; fopf;fpd;w NghJ kiwj;Jf; nfhs;tJ gw;wpa ghlk;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


`jP]; vz; : 107
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F gpd;dhy; (thfdj;jpy;)
xU ehs; vd;id mkuitj;jhh;fs;. vd;dplk; xU ufrpaj;ijf; $wpdhh;fs; kdpjh;fspy;
mij ahhplKk; nrhy;y Ntz;lhk; vd;whh;fs;. gpd;dh; jq;fsJ Njitia (ky[yk;
fopg;gij) epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhf nrd;wdh;. cah;thd ,lj;ijf;nfhz;L (gs;sj;jpy; mkh;e;J
Njitia epiwNtw;wp) my;yJ <r;rkuj;jpd; kiug;igf; nfhd;L kiwj;Jf; nfhd;ldh;. mJ
(,r; nra;ifahdJ) vdf;F kpf tpUg;gkhdjhf ,Ue;jJ.
(,g;D m];kh vd;gth; jdJ `jP]py;) <r;rkuj; Njhl;lj;jpd; Rtw;iw kiwg;ghf Mf;fpf;
nfhz;lhh;fs; vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: mg;Jy;yh gpd; [`gh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

ky[yk; fopf;f Eioe;jhy; (jahuhdhy;) vd;d $Wthh;fs; vd;gJ


gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 108
,ul;rfh! Mz; d\j;jhd; ngz; d\j;jhd;fspd; jPikapypUe;J cd;dplk; ghJfhg;G
NjLfpNwd; vd $Wthh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: md]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

ky[yk; fopf;fpd;wNghJ fpg;yhit Kd;Ndhf;fhjPh; vd;gJ gw;wpa


ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 109
ky [yk; fopf;f te;jhy; fpg;yhit Kd;Ndhf;fNth gpd;Ndhf;fNth nra;ahjPh;fs;. MapDk;
fpof;Fg;gf;fkhNth Nkw;Fg;gf;fkhNth ,Uq;fs;.1 vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`;
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;
ehq;fs; \hkpw;F te;Njhk;. foptiwfis fpGyhtpd; ghy; Mf;fg;gl;L> fl;lg;gl;bUf;ff;
fz;Nlhk;. mij tpl;L jpUk;gpf; nfhz;L mjw;fhf my;yh`;tplk; ghtkd;dpg;Gf;
Nfl;Lf;nfhz;bUe;Njhk;.
mwptpg;gth;: mG+ ma;a+g; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G: 1 kjpdhitg; nghWj;jkl;by; fpof;Fg;gf;fkhfNth Nkw;Fg;gf;fkhfNth fpGyh
,y;iy. vdNt fpof;F my;yJ Nkw;Fg;gf;fk; Nehf;Fk;gb `jP]py; te;Js;sJ vd;gij
mwpf. ,e;jpahitg; nghWj;jkl;by; fpg;yh Nkw;fpy; cs;sJ. vdNt fpof;fpNyh Nkw;fpNyh
Nehf;fp mkuf;$lhJ vd;gij mwpf.

fl;blq;fspy; mjw;F (fpg;yhg; gFjpapy; jpUk;gpapUf;f) mDkjp gw;wpa


ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 110

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


ehd; gs;spapy; njhOJ nfhz;bUe;Njd;. mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
mth;fs;> jq;fsJ KJif fpg;yhtpd;ghy; jpUg;gpapUe;jdh;. vd; njhOifia Kbj;Jf;
nfhz;L vd; gFjpapypUe;J mthpd;ghy; jpUk;gpNdd;. mg;NghJ mg;Jy;yh mth;fs;
'kdpjh;fs; ky[yk; fopf;f fpg;yhit Kd;Ndhf;fpNah igJy; Kfj;ji] Kd;Ndhf;fpNah
mkuNtz;lhk;" vd rpy kdpjh;fs; $wpdhh;fs; vdf;$wpf;nfhz;bUe;jdh;.
xU tPl;bd; Nky;gFjpapy; ehd; VwpNdd;. (mg;NghJ) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`;
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; ,U nrq;fw;fspd;kPJ jq;fsJ Njitia epiwNtw;w igj;Jy;
Kfj;ji] Nehf;fpathW ,Uf;ff; fz;Nld; vd mg;Jy;yh`; $Wfpwhh;.
mwptpg;gth;: thrpc gpd; `g;ghd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

jz;zPhpy; rpWePh; fopj;Jtpl;L mjpy; Fspg;gJ jLf;fg;gl;ljhFk;


vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 111
'Njq;fpf;fplf;fpd;w jz;zPhpy; cq;fspy; vtUk; rpWePh; fopj;Jtpl;L gpwF mjpy;
Fspf;fNtz;lhk;" vd egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 112
'XlhJ rjh Njq;fpf;fplf;Fk; jz;zPhpy; rpWePh; fopj;Jtpl;L gpd;dh; mjpypUe;J Fspf;fhNj!"
vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

rpWePh; fopf;Fk;NghJ kiwj;Jf;nfhs;tJk; Rj;jkhf;fpf;nfhs;tJk;


gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 113
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; ,U fg;UfSf;F mUfpy;
nrd;wdh;. mg;NghJ 'epr;rakhf mt;tpUtUk; jz;bf;fg;gl;Ls;sdh; vdj; njhpe;J
nfhs;Sq;fs;. (Mdhy;) ngUk;ghtj;jpd; fhuzkhf ,th;fs; jz;bf;fg;gltpy;iy. MapDk;
mt;tpUthpy; xUth; Nfhs; nrhy;ypf;nfhz;bUe;jdh;. kw;wth; rpWePh; fopf;fpd;w NghJ
kiwj;Jf; nfhs;shjpUe;jhh;" (vd;wdh;. gpd;dh;) <r;rkuj;jpd; <ukhd kl;iliaf;
nfhz;LtUkhW $wpdh;. mij ,uz;lhff;fpopj;J> ,e;jf; fg;hpd; kPJ xd;iwAk;
me;jf;fg;hpd; kPJ xd;iwAk; el;Litj;Jtpl;L ',t;tpuz;Lk; fha;e;J Nghfhky; ,Uf;Fk;tiu
mt;tpUthpd; jz;lizapy; Fiwf;fg;glyhk;" vd;wdh;.
mwptpg;gth;: ,g;D mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh

tyf;fuj;jhy; Rj;jk; nra;tJ jLf;fg;gl;lJ vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 114

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


'rpWePh; fopf;fpd;w NghJ cq;fspy; ahUk; jdJ Mz;Fwpia tyf;fuj;jhy; gpbf;fNtz;lhk;>
kyk; fopj;jg;gpd; mijj; jdJ tyf;fuj;jhy; Rj;jk; nra;aNtz;lhk;> ghj;jpuj;jpy; %r;Rtpl
Ntz;lhk;" vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: mg;Jy;yh gpd; mG+fjhjh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

ky[yk; fopj;Jtpl;L jz;zPuhy; Rj;jk; nra;tJ gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 115
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> Rtw;wpd; gf;fk; xJq;fpdh;.
mth;fis vq;fspy; rpWtuhf ,Ue;j xU igad; Rj;jk; nra;Ak; ghj;jpuj;Jld;
njhlh;e;jhh;. xU ,ye;jkuj;jpd;fPo; mij itj;Jtpl;lhh;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs;
jq;fsJ Njitia Kbj;Jf;nfhz;L vq;fspd;ghy; te;jdh;. jz;zPhpdhy; Rj;jk; nra;J
,Ue;jdh;.
mwptpg;gth;: md]; gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

Rj;jk; nra;apd; xw;iwg;ilahfr; nra;tJg; gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 115 a
'cq;fspy; ahnuDk; fw;fisf;nfhz;L Rj;jk; nra;apd; xw;iwg;gilahfr; nra;aTk;
cq;fspy; ahNuDk; xSr;nra;jhy; jdJ %f;fpy; jz;zPh; nrYj;jp mjd;gpwF rpe;jTk;"
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: mg+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

fw;fspdhy; xw;iwg;gilapy; Rj;jk; nra;tJ> fha;e;j (ky) tpl;il


vYk;G Mfpatw;iwf; nfhz;L Rj;jk; nra;tJ tpyf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ
vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 116

]y;khd; (my;/ghh;]p) uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fsplk;> cq;fs; egp cq;fSf;F ky[yk;


fopg;gJ cs;gl vy;yhtw;iwAk; fw;Wj; je;jpUf;fpwhh;fs; (my;yth?) vdf;Nfl;fg;gl;lJ.
mjw;fth;fs;.
'Mk;> ky[yk; fopf;fpd;wNghJ fpg;yhit Kd;Ndhf;fp ,Ug;gijtpl;Lk; (mJNghyNt)
tyf;fuj;jhy; ehq;fs; Rj;jk; nra;tJ> %d;W fw;fistpl Fiwthdtw;iwf; nfhz;L
Rj;jk; nra;tJ> fha;e;j tpl;ilfs;> vYk;Gfs; Mfpatw;iwf; nfhz;L Rj;jk; nra;tij
tpl;Lk; vq;fsJ egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; vq;fisj; jLj;Js;shh;fs;"
vd;wdh;.
mwptpg;gth;: ]y;khd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

,we;J Nghdtw;wpd; Njy;fis gjdpl;L gad;ngWtJ gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 117

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


ik%dh mth;fspd; chpik vOjg;gl;l mbik ngz;Zf;F xU ML jh;kkhf
toq;fg;gl;lJ (toq;fg;gl;lgpwF) me;j ML ,we;Jtpl;lJ. (mg;NghJ) mg;ngz;Zf;F
mUfpy; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; fle;J nrd;wdh;.
mg;NghJ 'mjd; Njhiy ePq;fs; vLj;J gjg;gLj;jp ,Uf;fyhk; my;yth"? mjd;%yk;
ePq;fs; gadile;jpUg;gPh;fs; vd;wdh;.
mijf;Nfl;l mth;fs; 'mJ nrj;Jtpl;lJ" vd;wdh;. mjw;F egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs;> 'mij cz;ZtJjhd; jLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ" vd;Wiuj;jdh;.
mwptpg;gth;: ,g;D mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh

gjdplg;gl;l Njhy; Rj;jkhFk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 118
,g;Dt/yh m];]g,a;ap vd;gth;kPJ (Kay;Nghd;w) fhy;eilfspd; Njhypdhy; cl;gFjpapy;
Mf;fg;gl;l [{g;gh Nghd;w xd;iw ehd; (mGy;ifh;) fz;Nld;. mijj; njhl;Lk;tpl;Nld;.
mjw;fth; mijj; njhl cdf;F vd;d Neh;e;jJ vd;whh;? mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; mg;gh];
mth;fsplk; ehd; cWjpahff;Nfl;Nld;. 'epr;rakhf ehq;fs; nkhuhf;Nfhtpy; ,Ug;Nghk;>
vq;fSld; gh;gh; (vd;w ,dj;jtUk;) neUg;G tzq;fpfSk; ,Ug;gh;. Ml;Lf;fplhia
mWj;Jf; nfhz;Ltug;gLk; ehq;fs; mth;fspd; mWg;Gf;fis jpz;zhjpUe;Njhk;. vq;fsplk;
Njhy;igfisf; nfhz;Lte;J ,iwr;rp> Fly;> nfhOg;G MfpaitfisAk; mjpy;
NghL(Mf;F)th;" (,J gw;wp) ehd;Nfl;Nld;. mjw;F ,g;D mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
mth;fs; 'epr;rakhf ehq;fs; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fsplk; mJ gw;wpf; Nfl;Nlhk;. mjw;fth;fs;> 'mij gjdpLtNj mjw;Fhpa Rj;jkhFk;"
vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: a[PJ gpd; mgP`gPg;> mGy;ifh; vd;gth; jdf;F mwptpj;jhff; $Wfpwhh;.

cq;fspy; xUthpd; ghj;jpuj;ij eha; ef;fptpl;lhy; mij mth;


VOKiw fOtTk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 119
eha;fisf; nfhy;YkhW my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
fl;lisapl;lhh;fs;. gpwF mth;fs; ~~mth;fSilaTk; eha;fSilaTk; tp\ak; vd;d?~~
vdf;Nfl;Ltpl;L mjd;gpwF ~Ntl;il eha;~ 'MLfis Nka;f;f cjTk; eha;fSf;F mDkjp
toq;fptpl;L". 'xU ghj;jpuj;jpy; eha; ef;fptpl;lhy; mij VOKiwf; fOTq;fs;
vl;lhtJKiw kz;izf;nfhz;L NjAq;fs;" vd;wdh;.
ML Nka;f;f> Ntl;ilahl> tptrhak; nra;a Mfpa eha;fspy; mDkjp je;jdh; vd a`;ah
gpd; ]aPJtpd; mwptpg;gpy; cs;sJ.
mwptpg;gth;: mg;Jy;yh gpd; my; Kf/g;gy; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

xStpd; rpwg;G gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 120

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


'Rj;jk; <khdpy; ghjpahFk; my;`k;Jypy;yh`; vd;gJ juhir epug;gp tpLk;.
]{g;`hdy;yh`;Tk;> my;y`k;Jypy;yh`;Tk; juhir epug;gp tpLk;. my;yJ thdq;fs; G+kp
mt;tpuz;Lf;fpilapy; cs;stw;iw epug;Gk;> njhOif xspahFk;> jh;kk; mj;jhl;rpahFk;>
nghWik RluhFk; ,d;Dk; jpUf;Fh;Md; (jpUkiw) cdf;F rhjfkhf my;yJ ghjfkhfp
,Uf;Fk;. vy;yh kdpjh;fSk; mjpfhiyapy; (ntspNawpr;) nry;fpd;wdh;. (cyfnkDk;
re;ijapy;) jk;ik tpw;fpd;wdh;. mt;thW tpw;gjd; %yk; rpyh; (jd;id eufpypUe;J)
tpLtpj;Jf; nfhs;fpwhh;fs;. (NtW rpyh;) jk;ik mopj;Jf;nfhz;L tpLfpd;wdh; (eufk;
nry;fpd;wdh;)".
mwptpg;gth;: mG khypf; my; m\;mhp uspay;yh`{ md;`{

'xS nra;tjdhy; jtWfs; ntspNawptpLk;" vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 121
'K];ypkhd my;yJ K/kpdhd mbahh; xSr;nra;aj; njhlq;fp jdJ Kfj;ij mth;
fOtpdhy; mthpd; Kfj;jpypUe;J mtuJ fz; %ykhfr; nra;j xt;nthU jtWk;> me;jj;
jz;zPUld; my;yJ me;jj; jz;zPhpd; filrpr; nrhl;Lld; ntspahfptpLfpwJ. mtuJ ,U
fuq;fis fOtpdhy; mtuJ fuq;fs; (gpbj;J) nra;j ghtq;fs; jz;zPUld; my;yJ
jz;zPhpd; filrpr; nrhl;Lld; ,U iffspypUe;J ntspg;gl;L tpLfpwJ. mth; jdJ ,U
fhy;fisf; fOTthNuahdhy; mt;tpU fhy;fSk; (vg;ghtj;ijr; nra;a) ele;jNjh mg;ghtk;
jz;zPUld; my;yJ jz;zPhpd; filrp nrl;Lld; ntspg;gl;L tpLfpwJ. mth;
ghtq;fspypUe;J ghpRj;jkhf ntspg;gLk;tiu" vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`;
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

xStpd; NghJ gy;Jyf;Fjy; gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 122
(,g;D mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh) Xhputpy; my;yh`;tpd; egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fNshL ,uT jq;fpdhh;fs;. ,utpd; filrpapy; my;yh`;tpd; egp ]y;yy;yh`;
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; vOe;J tPl;bypUe;J ntspNawp thdj;jpd;ghy; Nehl;lkpl;Ltpl;L
,k;uhdpd; re;jjpapdh; (vd;w) mj;jpahj;jpy; 'thdq;fs; G+kpiag; gilj;jjpYk;> ,uT gfy;
khwp khwp tUtjpYk; mwpTilNahUf;F mjpy; epr;rakhf mj;jhl;rpfs; cz;L" vDk;
trdj;ij euf neUg;gpypUe;J vq;fisf; fhg;ghw;Wthahf vd;gJ tiu Xjptpl;L kPz;Lk;
tPl;Lf;Fj; jpUk;gp> gy; Jyf;fp xSr;nra;J gpwF vOe;J (mjd;) gpwF njhOJtpl;L
(mjd;) gpwF gLj;jdh;. mjd;gpwF vOe;J ntspNawp te;J> thdj;jpd;ghy;
Nehl;lkpl;Ltpl;L ,e;j trdj;ij Xjpdh;. mjd;gpwF xUKiw jpUk;gpte;J gy;Jyf;fp
xSnra;J mjd;gpd; epd;W njhOjdh;.
mwptpg;gth;: ,g;D mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh
`jP]; vz; : 123
'epr;rakhf egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; tPl;bDs; Eiothh;fNsahdhy;
gy;Jyf;f Muk;gpg;ghh;fs;" vd Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


Rj;jk; kw;WKs;s fhhpaq;fspy; tyJ gf;fj;jpypUe;J Jtq;Fjy;
vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 124

Rj;jk; nra;apd; mth;fsJ Rj;jj;jpYk; jiyrPtpdhy; mth;fsJ jiyrPTtjpYk;


nrUg;gzpe;jhy; nrUg;gzptjpYk; tyg;gf;fj;ijNa my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`;
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; cWjpahf tpUk;Gth;fshf ,Ue;jdh; vd Map\h uspay;yh`{
md;`h mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.

my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd;


xStpd; jd;ik gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 125
mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; i[J gpd; M]pk; my; md;]hhP mtUf;F egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fSld; Njhoik ,Ue;jJ. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fspd; xSit vq;fSf;F nra;J fhl;Lq;fs; vd mtUf;F $wg;gl;lJ
(mjw;fth;) xS nra;Ak; ghj;jpuj;ij nfhz;L tUkhW Nfl;lhh;. (nfhz;L te;j gpwF)
jdJ ,U iffspy; mjpypUe;J (Cw;wp) rha;e;J mt;tpU iffisAk; Kk;Kiwf; fOtpdhh;.
gpwF jdJ ifia ghj;jpuj;jpy; Eioj;J mij ntspapy; vLj;J xNu ifapy; thAk;
nfhg;gspj;J %f;Ff;F ePUk; nrYj;jpdhh; mij Kk;Kiw nra;jhh;. gpwF jdJ ifiag;
ghj;jpuj;jpy; Eioj;J mij ntspapy; vLj;J jdJ ,U iffisAk; Koq;if nkhsp tiu
,uz;L ,uz;L Kiwf; fOtpdhh;.
gpwF jdJ ifia mjpy; Eioj;J mij ntspapy; vLj;J jdJ jiyf;F k]`{ nra;a
Muk;gpj;J jdj ,U iffisAk; Kd;Ndhf;fpf; nfhz;L (Kd;gFjpapypUe;J nfhz;L)
nrd;W kPz;Lk; mijg; gpd;dhy; Kw;gFjptiu nfhz;L te;jhh;. mjd;gpwF fuz;il
nkhsptiu jdJ fhy;fisf; fOtpdhh; gpwF my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; (]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk); mth;fs; xS ,t;thW jhd; ,Ue;jJ vdf;$wpdhh;.
mwptpg;gth;: mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; i[J gpd; M]pk; my; md;]hhp uspay;yh`{ md;`{

%f;F rpe;JtJ gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 126
'cq;fspy; ahNuDk; xSr;nra;jhy; jdJ ,U %f;F Jthuq;fspy; jz;zPh; nrYj;jp gpwF
mijr; rpe;jTk;" vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: mG`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 127
jd; J}f;fj;jpypUe;J cq;fspy; xUth; vOe;jhy; Kk;Kiw %f;if rpe;jTk;. Vnddpy;
epr;rakhf d\j;jhd; mtdJ %f;fpd;Nky; filrp ghfj;jpy; ,utpy; jq;Ffpwhd;.
mwptpg;gth;: mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


xSit epiwthfr; nra;jjd; epkpj;jk; new;wp> iffhy;fspypUe;J
xsp gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 128

mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fis xSr; nra;a ehd; fz;Nld;. mth; jd;
Kfj;ijf; fOtp xSit epiwthfr; nra;jdh;. mjd;gpwF mtuJ tyf;fuj;ijAk;
G[j;ijAk; Nrh;j;Jf;fOtpdhh;. mjd;gpwF jdJ ,lf;fuj;ijAk;> G[j;ijAk;
Nrh;j;Jf;fOtpdhh;. gpwF jiyia(k]`{) jltpdhh;fs;. ,jd;gpwF tyJfhiy
nfz;ilf;fhy;tiu Nrh;j;Jf;fOtpdh;> mjd;gpwF ,lJfhiy nfz;ilf;fhy;tiu
Nrh;j;Jf;fOtpdhh;. mjd;gpwF vd;idg;ghh;j;J ,t;thW jhd; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fis xSr; nra;a ehd; fz;Nld; vdf; $wpdh;.
mjd;gpwF “xSit epiwthf nra;jjd; fhuzkhf ePq;fs; (jhd;) Kfq;fspy;> iffspy;>
fhy;fspy; gpufhrj;ij cilath;fs;” cq;fspy; ahUf;NfDk; ,aYkhdhy; mtuJ
gpufhrj;ij jdJ Kfj;jpy;> iffspy;> fhy;fspy; ePz;ljhf Mf;fp nfhs;sTk; vd
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs; vd mG`{iuuh
uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: E[k; gpd; mg;Jy;yh`; my;K[;kph; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G: Fjpiuapd; new;wp> mjd; iffs; fhy;fspy; fhzg;gLk; ntz;ikia Fwpf;fNt Fh;uj;
j`;[py; vDk; thh;j;ij cgNahfkhfpwJ. xSit epiwtha; nra;tjhdhy; xStpd;
cWg;Gfs; kWik ehspy; xsp ngw;W jpfOk;. Fwpg;ghf Kfk;> iffs;> fhy;fs;
MfpaitfshFk;.
`jP]; vz; : 129
epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;>mlf;f];jyj;jpw;F
te;J; m];]yhK miyf;Fk; jhuft;kpd; K/kpdPd; t,d;dh ,d;\h my;yh`; gp(f;)Fk;
yh`p$d;.
nghUs;: K/kPdhd $l;lj;jhhpd; tPNl! cq;fspd; kPJ rhe;jp cz;lhtjhf! epr;rakhf
ehq;fs; my;yh`; ehbtpl;lNghJ cq;fSld; te;J Nruf;$bath;fshf ,Uf;fpNwhk; vd;W
$wpdhh;fs;. ehd; ekJ rNfhjuh;fis ghh;f;f Ntz;Lnkd tpUk;GfpNwd; (mijf;Nfl;l
]`hghf;fs;) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fNs! ehq;fs;
cq;fspd; rNfhjuh;fs; my;yth? vdf; Nfl;ldh;. khwhf ePq;fs; vdJ Njhoh;fs; NkYk;
ekJ rNfhjuh;fs; vd;gth;fs; ,Jtiu mth;fs; tutpy;iy vdf; $wpdhh;fs;. mjw;F
(]`hghf;fs;) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fNs! ,Jtiu
tuhj cq;fs; r%fj;jth;fis vt;thW ePq;fs; njhpe;Jnfhs;tPh;fs;? vd;wdh;. mjw;F
mth;fs; “new;wpapYk;> fhy;fspYk; nts;is epwKs;s xU Fjpiu xU kdpjUf;F
,Ue;jJ. fUg;G epwKs;s (NtW epwNk fyf;fhj) Fjpiuf;F kj;jpapy; NtW epwkpUg;gpd;
mtuJ Fjpiuia mth; njhpe;J nfhs;thuy;yth? vdf; Nfl;lhh;fs;. mjw;fth;fs; Mk;!
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fNs! vd;wdh;. (MfNt)
epr;rakhf mth;fs; kWikehspy; xS nra;ag;gl;l cWg;Gfs; midj;Jk; xsp cilajhf
,Uf;f tUthh;fs;. `t;Sy; ft;jhpy; (`t;Sy; ft;jh; vd;gJ k`;\hpy; cs;s xU
jlhfkhFk;) mth;fSf;F Kd;dghf ehd; ,Ug;Ngd;. (vdJ) ePh; jlhfj;jpy; jz;zPh;
mUe;JtjpypUe;J rpy Mlth;fs;> topjtwpa fhy;eilfs; Juj;jg;gLtJ Nghd;W
Juj;jg;gLthh;fs; vd;gij njhpe;J nfhs(;Sq;fs;) vd; gf;fk; jz;zPh; mUe;j thUq;fs;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


vd ehd; mth;fis miog;Ngd; (mg;NghJ) vd;idg;ghh;j;J> “epr;rakhf ckf;F gpwF
(khh;f;fj;ij) mth;fs; khw;wptpl;lhh;fs; vd vdf;F $wg;gLk;. (mg;NghJ) ehd; J}uk;>
J}uk; (J}ukhf nry;Yq;fs;) vd ehd; $WNtd;” vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: mG`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

xSit mofhf nra;jth; gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 130
c];khd; gpd; mg;ghd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; xSr; nra;tjw;fhf jz;zPh; nfhz;L
tur;nrhy;yp xS nra;jhh;fs;. jq;fsJ Kd; ifia %d;W Kiw fOtpdhh;fs;. gpwF tha;
nfhg;gspj;J %f;Ff;F ePUk; nrYj;jp mijr; rpe;jpdhh;fs;. mjd;gpwF jd; Kfj;ij
Kk;Kiw fOtpdhh;fs;. mjd;gpwF jd; tyf;fuj;ij Koq;iftiu Kk;Kiw fOtpdhh;fs;.
mjd;gpwF jd; ,lf;fuj;ijAk; mijg;Nghd;Nw fOtpdhh;fs;. mjd;gpd;dh; jdJ jiyf;F
k];`{ nra;jhh;fs;. mjd;gpwF fuz;ilf;fhy; tiu Kk;Kiw jdJ tyJ fhiy
fOtpdhh;fs;. mjd;gpwF ,lJit(fhiy)Ak; mNj NghyNt fOtpdhh;fs;. mjd;gpwF
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; vd;Dila ,e;j
xSitg;Nghd;Wjhd; xSr;nra;a ehd; fz;Nld; vdf;$wpdhh;fs;. mjd;gpwF my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> ahh; vdJ ,e;j xSitg;Nghd;W xSr;
nra;Jtpl;L mjd;gpwF njhOfj;jahuhfp> ,U uf; mj;Jf;fs; njhOf Muk;gpj;J mt;tpU uf;
mj;jpYk; jd;NdL1 Ngrhky; ahh; njhOfpwhNuh mtuJ Ke;jpa ghtk; kd;dpf;fg;gLfpwJ
vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
,e;j xSjhd; xUth; njhOif;fhf epiwthfr; nra;Ak; xSthFk; vd ekJ mwpQh;fs;
$Wfpwhh;fs; vd ,g;D \p`hg; $Wfpwhh;.
mwptpg;gth;: cJkhd; ,g;D m/g;ghd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fshy; chpik vOjg;gl;l
mbik `{k;uhd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mwptpf;fpwhh;.
Fwpg;G: gpw Cryhl;lq;fs; gpw vz;zq;fspd;wp njhOifia KO ftdj;Jld;
epiwNtw;WtNj ,jd; nghUshFk;.
`jP]; vz; : 131
my;yh`; fl;lisapl;lijg;Nghd;W ahh; xSit epiwthfr; nra;fpwhNuh (mJ) mth;
flikahf;fg;gl;l njhOif(fs; mj;njhOif)fSf;F kj;jpapy; (nra;j rpWghtq;fSf;F)
ghpfhukhFk; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;
vd cJkhd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;
mwptpg;gth;: `{k;uhd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 132
njhOiff;fhf xUth; xSr;nra;J me;j xSit epiwthfr; nra;Jtpl;L> flikahd
njhOifia epiwNtw;w> mth; ele;J nrd;W> mj;njhOifia [dq;fSld; my;yJ
[khj;NjhL my;yJ gs;spapy; epiwNtw;wptpbd; mtuJ ghtq;fis mtUf;fhf my;yh`;
kd;dpf;fpwhd; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $w ehd;
nrtpAw;Nwd; vd cJkhd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


(fLq;Fsph;> Neha; Nghd;w) f\;lkhd Neuq;fspy; xSit
ghpG+uzkhfr; nra;jy; gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 133

vijr; nra;tjdhy; my;yh`; mjd;%yk; jtWfis mopj;JtpLfpwhNdh vjd;%yk;


gjtpfis cah;j;jpitf;fpwhNdh mijg;gw;wp cq;fSf;F mwptpf;fl;Lkh? vdf;Nfl;lhh;fs;.
mijf;Nfl;l mth;fs; 'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! Mk;" (nrhy;Yq;fs;) vdf;$wpdhh;.
(fLq;Fsph;> cly;typ ,JNghd;w) f\;lkhd epiyfspy; xSit epiwthfr; nra;tjhFk;.
k];[pJfspd;ghy; nry;y mjpfkhd (vl;Lf;fisf; nfhz;L) J}uk; elj;jy; xU
njhOiff;Fg; gpwF (kW) njhOifia vjph;ghh;j;jy; (tzf;fj;jpw;nfdNt jk;ik xJf;fp
itj;jpUf;Fk; ,r;nraNy) cq;fSf;F ughj; MFk; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`;
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

xS vj;jpa mstpw;F eif mzptpg;G (cz;L) vj;Jk; vd;gJ gw;wpa


ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 134
mG+`{iuuh mth;fs; njhOiff;fhf xSr; nra;Ak;NghJ mtUf;Fg;gpd;dhy; ehd;
(mwptpg;gth;) ,Ue;Njd;. mth; jkJ fuj;ij (fOTk;NghJ) mf;Fs; tiu ePl;b(fOtp)dhh;.
mg;NghJ mthplk; mG+`{iuuhNt! ,J vd;d xS vd;Nwd;. ',Gwh`Pk; miy`{];]yhk;
mth;fspd; kfdhNu! ePq;fs; ,q;F ,Uf;fpwPh;fsh? ePq;fs; ,Uf;fpwPh;fs; vd;gJ
njhpe;jpUe;jhy; ,e;j xSit ehd; nra;jpUf;f khl;Nld; xS(tpd; milahsq;fs;)
vJtiu vj;jp(cs;s)aNjh mJtiu tpRthrpf;F eif mzptpg;G (kWikapy;) vj;Jk;
(fpilf;Fk;) vd vdJ cw;w ez;gh; nrhy;y ehd; nrtpAw;wpUf;fpNwd; vd mG+`{iuuh
uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: mG+`h[pk; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

xStpd; ,lq;fspy; vijNaDk; (fOthJ) tpl;Ltpl;lhy; mijf;


fOTjy; - xSitj; jpUk;gr; nra;jy; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 135
'xU kdpjh; xSr;nra;J jdJ ghjj;jpy; efj;jsT (fOthJ) tpl;Ltpl;lhh;. egp
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; mijg;ghhj;J tpl;L 'jpUk;gr; nrd;W ckJ
xSit mofhfr; nra;tPuhf!" vdf;$wpdhh;fs;. mth; jpUk;gpr; nrd;W (xSr;nra;J tpl;L)
gpwF njhOjhh; vd ckh; gpd; fj;jhG uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; jkf;fwptpf;fpwhh;fs;
vd [hgph; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.

xStpw;Fk; Fspg;gjw;Fk; vt;tsT jz;zPh; Njit vd;gJ gw;wpa


ghlk;
`jP]; vz; : 136

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


xU ~Kj;jp~y; egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; xSr;nra;af;$bath;fshfTk;
xU ~]h/c~ tpypUe;J [e;J Kj;Jfs; tiu Fspf;f$bath;fshfTk; ,Ue;jdh; vd
md]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.

Fwpg;G: xU ~Kj;J~ vd;gJ ,Uiffspd; nfhs;sT. xU ~]h/c~ vd;gJ ehd;F ~Kj;J~


fshFk;

fhYiwfs; kPJ jlTtJ (k];`{ nra;tJ) gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 136
[hPh; mth;fs; rpWePh; fopj;Jtpl;L gpwF xSr;nra;jhh; jdJ fhYiwfspd; kPJ k];`{k;
nra;jhh;. ,t;thW nra;fpwPNu vd mthplk; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. mjw;fth; Mk;> 'ehd;
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> rpWePh; fopj;Jtpl;L mjd;gpwF
xSTk; nra;J jq;fsJ ,U fhYiwfs; kPJk; k];`{ nra;j(jltpf; nfhz;l)dh;
vd;gij ehd; fz;Nld; vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: `k;khk; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G: ']`hghf;fspy; ,e;j `jPi]f; Nfl;gth;fSf;F ,J mjprakhf ,Ue;jJ Vnddpy;
,];yhj;ij Vw;wJ ~my;khapjh~ mj;jpahak; ,wq;fpa gpwfhFk;" vd ,Gwh`{k; $wpajhf
mck\; mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.
`jP]; vz; : 137
mG%]h mth;fs; rpWePh; tp\aj;jpy; fbdkhdtuhf ,Ue;jhh;. ghl;bypy; rpWePh; fopf;f
$batuhfTk; ,Ue;jhh. gD} ,];uNtyh;fs; mth;fspd; Njhypy; (clk;gpy;)
rpWePh;gl;Ltpl;lhy; fj;jphpf;Nfhy;fspdhy; mij (me;j ,lj;ij) fj;jphpf;f $bath;fshf
,Ue;jdh; vdTk; $wpf;nfhz;bUe;jhh;.
cq;fsJ ,e;jf; Njhoh; ,t;thW fbdk; fhl;lhky; ,Ug;gij ehd; epr;rakhf tpUk;GfpNwd;
vd `{ijgh $wpdhh;. 'ehDk; my;yh`;tpd; J}jUk; ele;J nfhz;bUe;Njhk;. xU
rhuhhpd; Fg;igNkl;Lf;F> Rtw;Wf;F mg;ghy; te;jhh;fs;. cq;fspy; xUth; epw;gijg;Nghd;W
epd;W rpWePh; fopj;jhh;fs;. mth;fis tpl;Lk; ehd; tpyfp epd;Nwd;. vd;ghy; vdf;F
irf;fpid nra;jdh;. mth;fs; rpWePh; fopj;JKbAk; tiu mth;fSf;F gpd;dhy;
epd;Wnfhz;bUe;Njd; vd;whh;.
kw;nwhU mwptpg;gpy; (mjd;gpwF) 'xSTk; nra;J jq;fsJ fhYiwfSf;Fk; k];`{
nra;jhh;fs;" vd cs;sJ.
mwptpg;gth;: mG+thapy; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 138
ehd; ,uT Neuj;jpy; xU njhiyJ}u(g;gazj;)jpy; egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fSld; ,Ue;Njd;. cd;Dld; jz;zPh; ,Uf;fpwjh? vd egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; Nfl;ldh;. ehd; Mk;! vd;Nwd;. jq;fsJ thfdj;jpypUe;J fPNo ,wq;fp
,Ul;by; kiwAk;tiu ele;jhh;fs;. mjd;gpwF te;J ghj;jpuj;jpypUe;j jz;zPiu
mth;fSf;F Cw;wpNdd; mth;fsJ Kfj;ijf; fOtpdhh;fs;. mg;NghJ mth;fspd;Nky;
cy;yd; [{g;gh ,Ue;jJ. mth;fsJ Kd;ifia mjpypUe;J ntspahf;f Kbahky;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


(,Wf;fkhf) ,Ue;jJ. (gpd;dh;) [{g;ghtpd; fPo;gFjpapypUe;J ntspahf;fp (,U
nfhlq;iffisAk; Koq;iftiu) fOtpdhh;fs; mth;fspd; jiyf;F k];`{ nra;jhh;fs;
mjd;gpwF mth;fsJ ,U fhYiwfis ehd; fow;w (Kad;Nwd;) ehbNdd;. mt;tpuz;ilAk;
tpl;LtpL. epr;rakhf mt;tpuz;ilAk; ehd; Rj;jkhditfshfNt Eioj;Njd; vdf;$wp
mt;tpuz;bd; kPJk; k];`{ nra;jhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: KfPuhgpd; \{/ghuspay;yh`{ md;`{

fhYiwfSf;F k];`{ nra;tjpy; fhytuk;G gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 139
fhYiwfs; kPJ k];`{ nra;tJ gw;wp Nfl;gjw;fhf Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h
mth;fsplk; ehd; te;Njd;. mjw;fth;fs; 'mG+jhypgpd; kfdhiug;gpbj;J NfSq;fs; Vnddpy;
mth; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSld; gpuhahzj;jpy;
(,Ug;gtuhf) ,Ue;jdh;" vd;wdh;. MfNt mthplk; ehq;fs; Nfl;Nlhk;. mjw;fth; '%d;W
gfy; %d;W ,uTfs; gpuahzj;jpy; (,Ug;gtUf;Fk;) xU gfy; xU ,uT gpuahzp
my;yhjtUf;Fk; (fhyf;nfL) Mf;fpAs;sdh;" vdf;$wpdhh;.
mwptpg;gth;: \{iu`; gpd; `hdP uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 140
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs; (njhOiff;F) gpe;jptpl;lhh;fs;. mth;fSld; ehDk;
gpe;jptpl;Nld;. mth;fsJ Njitia Kbj;Jf; nfhz;lgpd; cd;dplk; jz;zPh; ,Uf;fpwjh?
vdf;Nfl;ldh;. (xS nra;tjw;Fhpa) Rj;jkhd jz;zPiu mth;fSf;F nfhz;L te;Njd;.
mth;fsJ iffisAk;> Kfj;ijAk; fOtpdh;. jq;fsJ Kd;ifia ([{g;ghit tpl;Lk;)
ntspNa vLf;fg; Nghdhh;fs; [{g;ghtpy; iffs; ,Uf;fkhf ,Ue;jJ. MfNt [{g;ghtpw;F
fPopUe;J jq;fsJ ifia ntspg;gLj;jp> [{g;ghtpd; Xuj;ij jkJ Njhs; G[q;fspd; kPJ
Nghl;Lf;nfhz;L jq;fsJ ,U Kd;iffisAk; (Koq;if tiu) fOtpdhh;fs;. jq;fsJ
jiyapd; Kd;gFjpapd; kPJk;> jiyg;ghif kPJk;> ,U fhYiwfspd; kPJk; k]`{
nra;jdh;. mjd;gpwF mth;fSk; (njhOkplj;jpw;F) tUtjw;fhf Vwpdhh;. ehDk; VwpNdd;.
r%fj;jth;fspd; ghy; Kbthf te;Njhk;. mth;fs; njhOJ nfhz;bUe;jdh;. mth;fSf;F
mg;Jw;w`;khd; gpd; mt;/g; njhOif elj;jpf;nfhz;bUe;jhh;. egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fspd; (tUifia) czh;e;jJk; mq;fpUe;J efh;e;J nfhs;sg;Nghdhh;. egp
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; mtUf;F irf;fpid nra;jhh;fs;. (kPjj;
njhOifiaAk;) mth;fSf;F mtNu njhoitj;jhh;. mth; ]yhk; nfhLj;jJk;
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; vOe;jhh;fs; ehDk; vOe;Njd; vq;fSf;F
Ke;jptpl;l xU uf;mj;ijj; njhONjhk;.
mwptpg;gth;: KfPuh gpd; \{/gh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

jiyg;ghifapd; kPJ k];`{ (jlTtJ) gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 141
,U fhYiwfspd; kPJk; jiyg;ghifapd; kPJk; epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`;
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; k];`{ nra;jhh;fs;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


mwptpg;gth;: gpyhy; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

gy njhOiffis XNu ~xStpy;~ njhOtJ gw;wpAs;s ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 142
(kf;fh) ntw;wp ehsd;W epr;rakhf egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; xNu
xStpy; gy njhOiffis njhOjhh;fs;. jq;fsJ ,U fhYiwfspd; kPJk; ~k];`{~k;
nra;jhh;fs; vd Giwjh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.
egpath;fisg; ghh;j;J ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; ',d;W ePq;fs; nra;jijg;Nghd;W
,jw;F Kd;G nra;jjpy;iyNa?" vdf;Nfl;ldh;. (mjw;F egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs;) ckNu! mijNtz;Lnkd;nw (kdnkhg;gpj;jhd;) nra;Njd;" vd;wdh;.
mwptpg;gth;: Giujh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

xStpw;Fg;gpwF nrhy;yNtz;ba (JM) $w;W gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 143
xl;lfk; Nka;f;f Ntz;ba nghWg;G vq;fspd; kPJ ,Ue;jJ. mjd;gb vd; Kiw te;jJ.
me;j xl;lifia khiyapy; vq;Nf fl;lNtz;LNkh? mq;Nf mijj;jpUg;gp nfhz;Lte;J
tpl;Nld;. mg;NghJ my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> epd;W
nfhz;L [dq;fSf;F cgNjrk; nra;J nfhz;bUg;gth;fshf ,Uf;ff; fz;Nld;.
ve;j xU K];ypkhapDk; xS nra;J mij mofhf epiwthfr; nra;Jtpl;L mjd;gpwF
,uz;L uf;mj;J njhOJ. mt;tpuz;L uf;mj;jpYk; mtuJ kdjhYk; mtuJ Kfj;jhYk;>
mj;njhOifapy; Kd;Ndhf;fpathW gpw ftdkpd;wp (epiwthfr;) nra;jhy; mtUf;F Rtdk;
flikahfpNaay;yhJ jtpu ,y;iy vd;w $w;iw mth;fSila cgNjrj;jpypUe;J mwpe;J
nfhz;Nld;.
,J vt;tsT rpwe;jjhf cs;sJ? vd;W ehd; $wpNdd;. vdf;F vjphpypUe;j xUth;
,jw;F Kd;dhy; $wg;gl;l xU thh;j;ij ,ij tpl kpfr; rpwe;jJ vd;fpwhh;. ehd;
Nehl;lkpl;Nld; mg;NghJ ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs;> rpwpJ Neuj;Jf;F Kd;Gjhd; eP
te;jha; vd;gij ehd; ghh;j;Jf; nfhz;LjhdpUe;Njd; vdf;$wp tpl;L 'cq;fspy; ahuhapDk;
xSit mij KOikahfTk; epiwthfTk; nra;Jtpl;L (mjd;)gpwF m\;`J md;yh,yh`
,y;yy;yh`{ tm\;`J md;d K`k;kjd; mg;J`{ tuR+Y`{ vdf;$wpdhy; vl;L
Rtdq;fspd; thapy;fs; mtUf;fhf jpwf;fg;glhky; ,Ug;gjpy;iy. mtw;wpy; vjpy; mth;
gpuNtrpf;f tpUk;GfpwhNuh mjpy; gpuNtrpg;ghh;" vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: cFgh gpd; Mkph; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

,r;irf;frpitf; fOtpf;nfhz;L mjd; epkpj;jk; xS nra;tJ gw;wpa


ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 144
kpf mjpfkhd ,r;irf;frpTilatdhf ehd; ,Ue;Njd; (MfNt mJ gw;wp) egp
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; ehd; Nfl;f mth;fsJ kfshhpd;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


];jhdj;jpw;fhf ntl;fkile;J> my;kpf;jhj; gpd; my; m];tJ vd;gtiu (,J gw;wpf;
Nfl;f) ehd; fl;lisapl;Nld; (MfNt) mth; mth;fsplk; Nfl;lhh; (mjw;F my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk;) mth;fs; 'mtuJ Mz;Fwpiaf; fOtpf;nfhz;L
xSTk; nra;J nfhs;thh;" vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: myp uspay;yh`{ md;`{
,r;irf;frpT vd;gjw;F mugpapy; ~kjp~ vdf;$Wfpd;wdh;. xU kdpjUf;F mJ ntspg;gl;lhy;
khh;f;f hPjpahf Mz; Fwpiaf; fOtpf;nfhz;L mjd;gpwF xSTk; nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;
vd;gJ egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; topfhl;lyhFk;.
Fwpg;G: ~kjp~ kpUJthd ntz;ikahd ePh;. fLikahd Mirapd;NghJ ntspg;gLk;. mJ
tUtij mNefkhf czh;e;J nfhs;s KbahJ. Mz; ngz; ,UrhuhUf;FNk ,e;epiy
Vw;gLk;. Mz;fis tpl ngz;fSf;F ,e;epiy kpf $Ljyhf Vw;gLk;.

(mkh;e;J) ,Ue;j epiyapy; Vw;gLk; cwf;fk; xSit Kwpf;fhJ


vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 145

njhOiff;fhf ,fhkj;J nrhy;yg;gl;Ltpl;lJ my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p


t]y;yk; mth;fs; xU kdpjUld; nkJthfg; Ngrpf;nfhz;bUe;jdh;. (mg;Jy; thhp]pd;
`jP]py; my;yh`;tpd; egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk;) mth;fs; xU kdpjNuhL
(nghWikahfg;) Ngrpf; nfhz;bUe;jdh; vd cs;sJ) kf;fnsy;yhk; J}q;Fk; tiu egp
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; njhOiff;F epw;ftpy;iy.
\{/ghtpd; `jP]py;> ]`hghf;fnsy;yhk; (,Ue;jthW) J}q;fptpLk;tiu mtNuhL
Ngrpf;nfhz;bUe;jdh;. mjd;gpwF te;J mth;fSf;F njhOif elj;jpdh;.
mwptpg;gth;: md]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

xl;lf ,iwr;rp rhg;gpl;lgpd; xS nra;tJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 146
xU kdpjh; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; 'Ml;L ,iwr;rp
(rhg;gpl;ljd;) epkpj;jk; xSr; nra;a Ntz;Lkh?" vdf;Nfl;lhh;.
'tpUk;gpdhy; xSr; nra;J nfhs; tpUk;ghtpl;lhy; xSr;nra;ahkYk; ,Ue;J nfhs;" vd;wdh;.
'xl;lf ,iwr;rpia (rhg;gpl;ljd;) epkpj;jk; ehd; xSr;nra;a Ntz;LNkh?" vd ehd;
Nfl;Nld; mjw;F ~Mk;~ vd;wdh;. xl;lf ,iwr;rp rhg;gpl;lgpd; (egpath;fSk;) xSTk;
nra;jdh;.
'ML fl;Lkplj;jpy; ehd; njhoyhkh?" vd (me;j kdpjh;) Nfl;lhh;. mjw;F ~Mk;~ vd;wdh;.
'xl;lfk; gLf;Fk; ,lj;jpy; ehd; njhoyhkh?" vd;Nwd;. mjw;F ~$lhJ~ (,y;iy)
vd;wdh;.
mwptpg;gth;: [hgph; gpd; ]Kuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


neUg;G njhl;l(rikf;f fha;r;rg;gl;l)itfis (cz;l gpwF) xS
nra;tJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 147

mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; ,g;uh`pk; gpd; fhhps; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ vd;gth;. mG+`{iuuh


uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fis gs;spapy; xS nra;af; fz;lhh;fs;. (mg;NghJ) mG+`{iuuh
uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs;>
'fha;r;rp vLf;fg;gl;l ghy;fl;bj;Jz;L xd;iw rhg;gpl;ljd; fhuzkhfNt xSr; nra;Njd;"
vd;wdh;. fhuzk; 'neUg;G njhl;lit (rikf;fg;gl;lit)fspypUe;J (mitfis
cz;lgpd;) xS nra;J nfhs;Sq;fs;" vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; $w ehd; nrtpAw;wpUf;fpNwd; vd mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
$wpdhh;fs; vd;w nra;jpia ckh; gpd; mg;Jy; m[P[; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fSf;F
mwptpj;jth; mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; ,g;uh`Pk; gpd; fhhps; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
mwptpg;gth;: ckh; gpd; mg;Jy; m[P[; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

neUg;gpdhy; rikf;fg;gl;litfis cz;lgpwF xS nra;tJ


khw;wg;gl;Ltpl;lJ vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 148
'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> Ml;L rg;igia fj;jpahy;
ntl;b> mjpypUe;J cz;lgpd; njhOiff;F miog;G nfhLf;fg;gl;lJk; mq;fpUe;J vOe;J
fj;jpia vwpe;J tpl;Lr; nrd;W njhOjhh;fs; xS nra;atpy;iy" vd;gij ghh;j;jjhf>
jkJ je;ij mwptpg;gjhf [/gh; gpd; mk;h; gpd; cka;ah mo;ok;hP uspay;yh`{ md;`{
mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.
`jP]; vz; : 149
egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; ghy;Fbj;Jtpl;L jz;zPh; nfhz;Ltur; nrhy;yp
tha; nfhg;gspj;Jtpl;L> epr;rakhf ghYf;F mjw;nfd;W xU tOtOg;G cz;L
vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: ,g;D mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh

njhOifapy; VNjh Vw;gl;Ltpl;lJ vd (re;Njfj;Jld;) vz;Zfpd;w


tiug; gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 150
cq;fspy; xUth; jdJ tapw;wpy; VNjh Vw;gl;L mjdhy; VJk; ntspg;gl;bUf;FNkh vd;W
vz;zp KbntLg;gJ rq;flkhfptpl;lhy; rg;jj;ijf; Nfl;Fk; tiu my;yJ fhw;wpd;
ehw;wj;ij EfUk; tiu gs;spapypUe;J ntspNawpr; nry;y Ntz;lhk; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`; miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs; vd mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
$Wfpwhh;fs;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


'jz;zPhpypUe;J jhd; jz;zPh;" vd ;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 151

mG+]aPJ my;Fj;hpapd; je;ijahfpa ehd; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p


t]y;yk; mth;fSld; jpq;fs; fpoikad;W Fghtpw;F Gwg;gl;Nld;. (topapy;) gdP]hypk;
$l;lj;jtiu ehq;fs; te;jile;Njhk;. (mq;Nf te;jJk;) ,j;ghd; vd;gthpd; tPl;Lthrypy;
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; epd;W (cuj;j rg;jj;jpy;)
mtUf;fhf Fuy; nfhLj;jdh;. mth; jdJ fPo; Milia ,Oj;jthW ntspapy; te;jhh;.
(mtiu me;epiyapy; fz;l my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;>
mk;kdpjiu ehk; mtrug;gLj;jp tpl;Nlhk; vdf; $wpdh;. (mg;NghJ) ,j;ghd;> my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fNs! xU kdpjh; jd; kidtpAldpUf;Fk;NghJ
mtrug;gLj;jg;gl;L ntspNaWfpwhh;. (MapDk;) mtUf;F tpe;J ntspg;gltpy;iy. ,e;epiyapy;
mth; kPJ flik vd;d?1 vd;gij vdf;F $Wq;fs; vd;whh;. mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; 'jz;zPhpypUe;J jhd; jz;zPh;" vdf; $wpdh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mg;Jh;u`;khd; gpd; mG+]apJ my; Fj;hp jd; je;ij mwptpj;jjhf $Wfpwhh;
Fwpg;G 1.m. 'jz;zPhpypUe;J jhd; jz;zPh;" vd;w `jP]pw;F ,g;D mg;gh]; uspay;yh`;
md;`{kh mth;fs;; fdtpy; xUth; ,J Nghd;w xU rk;gtk; elg;gjhf fz;L tpe;J
ntspahfp ,Ug;gpd; Fspg;gJ flik. ,y;yhJ ntWk; fdthf ,Ue;jhy; ,y;iynad;gNj
vdf; $Wfpwhh;fs;.
M. xUth; jd; kidtplk; jhk;gj;jpa cwT ePq;fyhf kw;wijr; nra;jpUg;gpd; mtUf;Fhpa
rl;lk; mtuJ Mz;Fwpia fOtptpl;L xSr; nra;J nfhz;lhy; kl;Lk; NghJk;> vd;gij
ciggpd; fmG uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fspd; `jP]; njspT nra;fpwJ.
,. ,e;j egpnkhop gpd;tUk; egpnkhopahy; khw;wg;gl;Ltpl;lJ vd;gJ xU rpyhpd; fUj;jhFk;.
`jP]; vz; : 152
151 tJ `jP]py; te;Js;s rl;lk; khw;wg;gl;L ,U FwpfSk; xd;iw xd;W re;jpj;Jtpbd;
Fspg;gJ flik vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
mJgw;wp K`h[ph;fs;> md;rhh;fspy; xU $l;lj;jpdh; fUj;J NtWgl;L tpl;ldh;.
Js;spf;Fjpj;J jz;zPh; ntspg;gl;lhNyh my;yJ rhjhuzkhf ePiuf;fz;lhNyh jtpu
Fspg;gJ flik ,y;iy vd md;rhh;fs; $wpdh;. 'khwhf fyit Vw;gl;L tpl;lhy;
fz;bg;ghf Fspg;G flikahfptpl;lJ" vd K`h[ph;fs; $wpdh;. (,e;j `jP]pd;
mwptpg;ghshuhfpa) mg+%]h (FWf;fpl;L) ,jpypUe;J cq;fis ehd; njspT gLj;JfpNwd;
vdf; $wp ehd; (mq;fpUe;J) vOe;J Map\h uspay;yh`; md;`h mth;fsplk; (,Jgw;wp
Ngr) mDkjp NfhhpNdd;. vdf;F mDkjp toq;fg;gl;lJ. vdJ jhNa! ( my;yJ
tpRthrpfspd; jhNa!) vdf; $wp xU tp\aj;ijg;gw;wp cq;fsplk; ehd; Nfl;f tpUk;GfpNwd;.
mNj rkak; cq;fsplk; mij Nfl;gjpypUe;J ntl;fk; milfpNwd; vd ehd; $wpNdd;>
mjw;fth;fs; 'vijg;gw;wp ePh; Nfl;ff;$batuhf cs;sPNuh! mijg;gw;wp cd;id <d;nlLj;j
jhaplk; Nfl;gjw;F ePh; ntl;fg;glNtz;lhk; ehd; cd; jha; jhd;"> vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.
(mg;NghJ) Fspg;G flikahf;fp itf;ff;$baJ vJ vd Nfl;Nld;. (mjw;fth;fs;)
',Jgw;wp ed;F njhpe;jthplk;jhd; ePh; te;J ,Uf;fpwPh;" m(g;ngz;zpd;)tspd;1 ehd;F
fpisfSf;F kj;jpapy; m(xU)th; mke;J Mz;Fwp ngz;Fwpia njhl;Ltpl;lhy; (fj;dh)
nra;ag;gl;l gFjp mstpw;F xd;wpy; xd;W kiwe;J tpl;lhy;) Fspg;gJ flikahfp tpl;lJ

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs; vd Map\h
uspay;yh`; md;`h mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+%]h uspay;yh`{ md;`{

Fwpg;G : 1. fj;dh nra;ag;gl;l gFjp ngz;Fwpapy; kiwe;Jtpl;lhy; Fspg;gJ flik vd;gNj


`jP]pd; fUj;jhFk;.
`jP]; vz; : 153
xU kdpjh; jdJ kidtpNahL jhk;gj;jpa cwT nfhs;fpwhh;. mjd;gpwF mtUf;F tpe;J
ntspahftpy;iy (mt;thwhapd;) mt;tpUthpd; kPJk; Fspg;gJ flikah? vd xU kdpjh;
epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; Nfl;lhh;.
mg;NghJ Map\h uspay;yh`; md;`h mth;fSk; mq;fpUe;jdh;. mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; > 'epr;rakhf ehDk; ,g;ngz;Zk; mt;thW nra;J
tpl;L mjd;gpwF Fspj;Jf;nfhs;fpNwhk;" vdf;$wpdhh;fs; vd;W egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fspd; kidtpahh; Map\h uspay;yh`; md;`h mth;fSk; ck;KFy;]{k;
uspay;yh`{ md;`h mwptpj;jjhf [hgph; gpd; mg;Jy;yh`; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fSk;
mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.

Mz;kfd; ghh;g;gJ Nghd;W fdtpy; xU ngz;Zk; ghh;fpwhs;


(ghh;j;jgpd;) mts; Fspg;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 154
(,e;j `jPi] mwptpf;Fk;) ,];`hf;fpd; ghl;bauhfpa ck;K Riyk; my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh;ghy; te;J my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; te;J
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! fdtpy; Mz; fhz;gij ngz; fhZfpwhs;. XU Mz; kfd;
jdf;F fdtpy; vd;d ele;jhff; fhZfpwNuh> mJ jdf;F Vw;gl;L tpl;ljhf (xU ngz;)
fhz;fpwhs;. (,ijf;Nfl;l NghJ) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fsplk; Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs; ,Ue;jdh;. (MfNt ,ijr; nrtpAw;w
Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h) mth;fs;> 'ck;K RiyNk! cdJ tyf;fuk; kz;izj;
njhll;Lk;? ePh; ngz;zpdj;ij mrpq;fg;gLj;jptpl;Bh;" vd;whh;fs;. (mjw;F egp ]y;yy;h`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;) Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fis(g; ghh;j;J) khwhf
cdJ tyf;fuk; kz;izj; njhll;Lk;> Mk;! ck;K RiyNk! ngz; mijf;fz;lhy; mts;
Fspj;Jf; nfhs;sTk;" vd;whh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : ,];`hf; gpd; mgP jy;`h uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh

[dhgj;J flikahd Fspg;GKiw gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 155
'ehd; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F [dhgj;jpypUe;J Fspg;gjw;Fhpa
ghj;jpuj;ij neUf;fp (rkPgkhf;fp) itj;Njd;. jq;fsJ Kd;ifia ,uz;L my;yJ %d;W
Kiw fOtpdhh;fs;. gpwF jq;fsJ kh;k];jhdj;jpd; kPJ Cw;wp mij jq;fsJ ,lJ
ifahy; fOtpdh;. mjd;gpd; jq;fsJ ,lJifia jiuapy; mbj;J mf;ifia ed;F
jiuapy; Nja;j;jhh;fs;. gpwF njhOiff;F xS nra;tJ Nghd;W xS nra;jhh;fs;. gpwF
jq;fsJ jiyapd; kPJ Kd;if epiwa (jz;zPiu ms;sp) Kk;Kiw Cw;wpdhh;fs;. mjd;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


gpwF jq;fspd; cly; KOtijAk; fOtpdhh;fs;. mjd;gpd; epd;w me;j ,lj;jpypUe;J
efh;e;J jq;fsJ ,U fhy;fisAk; fOtpdhh;fs;. gpwF (mth;fs; Jilj;Jf; nfhs;s)
Jz;il mth;fSf;fhf ehd; nfhz;L te;Njd; mij (thq;f) kWj;Jtpl;lhhfs;> vd
mwptpg;gth; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; Jiztpahh; ik%dh
uspay;yh`{ md;`h Mthh;fs;.

[dhgj;Jf; FspaYf;Fhpa jz;zPhpd; (Fiwe;j) msT gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 156
Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fsplk; ehDk; mth;fsJ ghy;Fb rNfhjuUk; nrd;Nwhk;.
(mg;Nghjth;) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; [dhgj;J
(Fspay;Kiw) gw;wpf; (Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fsplk;) Nfl;lhh;? ~]hc~
mstpw;Fhpa xU ghj;jpuj;ij nfhz;L tur;nrhy;yp> vq;fSf;Fk; mth;fSf;Fk; kj;jpapy;
jpiu ,Uf;f Fspj;jdh;. jq;fsJ jiyapd; kPJ Kk;Kiw ePiu Cw;wpdh; vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; Jiztpah;fs; (egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fspd; kuzj;jpw;F gpwF) jq;fspd; jiyfspypUe;J Kbia ,U fhJfisj;
jhz;btplhj mstpw;F ,Ug;gJ Nghd;W Fiwj;Jf; nfhz;ldh; vdf;$Wfpwhh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+]yhkh gpd; mg;Jh;u`;khd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

Fspf;ff; $batUf;F Jzpapdhy; kiwf;fr; nra;tJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz;: 157
(kf;fh) ntw;wp (ngw;w) Mz;by; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; kf;fhtpd; Nky;gFjpapypUe;jNghJ mth;fsplk; ck;K`hdp gpd;j; mG+jhypg;
uspay;yh`{ md;`h te;jdh;. (mg;NghJ) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; Fspf;f epd;W tpl;ldh;. ghj;jpkh uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs;
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fis (jpiunfhz;L) kiwj;Jf;
nfhz;ldh; (Fspg;ig Kbj;Jf; nfhz;L) gpwF jq;fsJ cilia vLj;J mij
(clk;gpy;) Rw;wpf; nfhz;L mjd;gpd; S`h (e/gpy;) njhOifia vl;L uf;mj;Jf;fs;
njhOjhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : ck;K`hdp gpd;j; mG+jhypg; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

Mz;> ngz; (,U rhuhhpd;) kiwf;fg;gl Ntz;batw;iw ghh;gJ


tpyf;fg;gl;ljhFk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 159
xU Mlth; kw;w Mlthpd; kiwf;fg;gl Ntz;ba gFjpia (kh;k];jhdj;ij)Ak; xU ngz;
kw;w ngz; kiwf;fg;gl Ntz;ba gFjpia (kh;k];jhdj;ij)Ak; Nehl;lkpl (ghh;f;f)
Ntz;lhk;. xU Jzpapy; (,ilapy; kiwg;gpd;wp) xU Mlth; kw;w MltUld; (jd;
cliyr;) Nrh;f;f Ntz;lhk;. xU ngz; kw;w ngz;Zld; (,ilapy; kiwg;gpd;wp jd;
cliyr;) Nrh;f;f Ntz;lhk; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


mwptpg;gth; : mG+]aPJ my;Fj;hP uspay;yh`{ md;`{

kdpjd; Milapd;wp ghh;f;fg;glhkypUf;f cliy kiwj;Jf;


nfhs;tJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 160
(f/ghit fl;Ltjw;fhf) fw;fis Rke;J nfhz;L te;J Nrh;e;jth;fSld; my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSk;> f/ghtpd;ghy; fw;fis Rke;J nfhz;L
te;jdh;. mg;NghJ mth;fs; Milmzpe;jpUe;jdh;. mg;NghJ mth;fsJ je;ijapd; rNfhjuh;
mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs;> vd; rNfhjuhpd; kfdhNu! cdJ Milia mtpo;j;J
fw;fSf;F fPo; mij eP Mf;fpf; nfhs;tha; vd mth;fSf;F $wpdhh;. (mjw;fpdq;f)
mth;fsJ Milia mtpo;j;J jq;fsJ Njhy; G[q;fspd; kPJ Mf;fpf; nfhz;ldh;.
(mt;thW nra;jJNk) kaf;fKw;w epiyapy; tpOe;Jtpl;ldh;. me;ehisf;Fg;gpwF eph;thzkhf
mth;fs; fhzg;gltpy;iy vdf;$Wfpwhh;.
mwptpg;gth; : [hgph; gpd; mg;Jy;yh`; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

XNu ghj;jpuj;jpy; MZk;> ngz;Zk; [dhgj;Jf; Fspay;1 Fspg;gJ


gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 161
ehDk; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSk;-vdf;Fk;
mth;fSf;Fk; ,ilapy; cs;s xU ghj;jpuj;jpypUe;J Fspf;ff; $bath;fshf ,Ue;Njhk;.
vdf;fhf nfhQ;rk; jz;zPiu tpl;L itAq;fs; vdf;fhf nfhQ;rk; tpl;L (jz;zPiu)
itAq;fs; vd ehd; $Wfpd;w tiu mth;fs; vd;id Ke;jpf; nfhs;thh;fs; vd Map\h
uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs; $wpajhf %Mjh uspay;yh`{ md;`h mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.
mt;tpUtUk; [{Dghspahf ,Ue;jdh; vdTk; $Wfpwhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : %Mjh uspay;yh`{ md;`h
Fwpg;G: 1. Mz;ngz; jhk;gj;a cwT (my;yJ) fdtpy;-mk;khjphp Vw;gl;ljhf fhZk;
epiyapy;-tpe;J ntspg;gl;lhy;> me;epiyia [dhgj;J vd;W khh;f;fj;jpy; $wg;gLfpwJ.
me;epiyapypUg;gtUf;F [{Dghsp vdTk; Fwpg;gplg;gLfpwJ vd;gij ftdj;jpy; nfhs;f.

[{Dghsp cwq;fNth> cz;zNth tpUk;gpdhy; xS nra;J nfhs;s


Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 162
'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; [{Dghspahf ,Uf;f>
mth;fs; cz;zNth> cwq;fNth tpUk;gpdhy; njhOiff;F xS nra;tJ Nghd;W xS
nra;J nfhs;thh;fs;" vd Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.

Fspg;gjw;F Kd;G [{Dghsp J}q;FtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 163

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; ~tpj;U~ (njhOif) gw;wp>
Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fsplk; ehd; (mwptpg;ghsh;) Nfl;Nld;. (vd;w `jPi]
mth; $Wfpwhh;. me;j njhlhpy;) [dhgj;jpd; NghJ vt;thW mth;fs; nra;J te;jhh;fs;.
mth;fs; cwq;FKd; Fspf;ff;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jhh;fsh? my;yJ Fspf;FKd;
cwq;Fthh;fsh? vd;W ehd; Nfl;Nld;. mjw;fth;fs; mitfis (,uz;L tpjkhf)
nra;af;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jhh;fs;. mjhtJ rpy rkak; Fspj;Jtpl;L J}q;Fthh;fs;. rpy
rkak; xS nra;J tpl;L J}q;Fthh;fs; vdf;$wpdhh;fs;. (,f;)fhhpaj;jpy; tp];jPuzj;ij
Mf;fpa my;yh`;tpw;Nf vy;yhg;GfOk; chpj;jhFf! vdf;$wpNdd;.
mwptpg;gth;: mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; mgPif]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

jd; kidtpAld; clYwT nfhz;l fztd; kPz;Lk; clYwT


nfhs;s tpUk;gpdhy; mth; xSnra;J nfhs;sTk; vd;gJ gw;wpa
ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 164
'cq;fspy; ahNuDk; jd; kidtpaplk; jhk;gj;a cwit (clYwit) Kbj;Jf; nfhz;L
kPz;Lk; clYwT nfhs;s tpUk;gpdhy; xS nra;J nfhs;sTk;" vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: mG+]<j; my;Fj;hp uspay;yh`{ md;`{

jak;Kk; nra;tJ> mJgw;wp my;yh`;tpd; cj;juT te;jJ gw;wpa


ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 165
rpy gazq;fspy; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSld; ehq;fs;
Gwg;gl;Nlhk;. ~igjhc~ my;yJ jhj;Jy;i[\; (ifgUf;Fk; kjPdhtpw;Fk; ,ilapy; cs;s
,lk;) vd;Dk; ,lj;ij ehq;fs; milfpd;w tiu mjhtJ ,jw;fpilapy; vd;Dila
fOj;jpy; fple;j khiy xd;W mUe;J tpOe;J tpl;lJ. mij NjLtjw;fhf my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; mq;Nf jq;fptpl;ldh;. $l te;j kf;fSk;
mth;fSld; jq;fptpl;ldh;. mth;fs; jq;fpa ,lj;jpy; jz;zPh; fpilahJ> mth;fs;
iftrKk; jz;zPh; ,y;iy. mG+gf;fh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fsplk; kf;fs; te;J
Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs; vd;d nra;J tpl;lhh;fs; ghh;j;jPh;fsh? my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fisAk; mth;fNshL ,Uf;Fk; kf;fisAk;
mth;fSf;F jz;zPh; ,y;yhj ,lj;jpy;> mth;fsplKk; jz;zPh; ,y;yhj epiyapy; jq;f
itj;Jtpl;ldh; vd;wdh;. ,ijf;Nfl;l mG+gf;fh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; vd; njhilapd; kPJ jd; jiyia itj;J
ed;whf cwq;fp nfhz;bUe;j rkak; te;jhh;fs;.
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fisAk;> kf;fisAk; jLj;J
epWj;jp tpl;lha;> mth;fSf;F mq;F jz;zPh; fpilahJ> mth;fs; trKk; jz;zPh; ,y;iy
vd;W $wpdhh;fs;. vd;id mG+gf;fh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; epe;j;jpj;Jtpl;L mth;fs;
vijf;$w Ntz;Lnkd my;yh`; ehbdhNd> mijnay;yhk; $wpdhh;fs;. vdJ ,Lg;gpy;
jq;fsJ ifiaf; nfhz;L Fj;jTk; Muk;gpj;jdh;. mr;rkak; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; ];jhdk; (mth;fs; jiy) vd; kb kPJ
,Ue;jNj jtpu vd;id mirtjpypUe;J jLf;ftpy;iy. jz;zPh; ,y;yhj epiyapNyNa
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> fhiyg; nghOij milAk;
tiu cwq;fp tpl;ldh;. me;Neuj;jpy; jhd;> my;yh`; ~jak;Kk;~ trdj;ij ,wf;fp
itj;jhd;. mjd;gpwF mth;fs; vy;NyhUk; jaKk; nra;J nfhz;ldh;.
mG+gf;fhpd; FLk;gj;jth;fNs! cq;fSila ghj;jpuj;jpy; ,r;rk;gtk; Kjyhtjy;y vd
ci]J gpd; my;`{iyh; $Wfpwhh;. (,th;> my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; kf;fSf;F khh;fj;ijf; fw;W juTk;> mth;fs; kf;fSf;F khh;f;fj;ijf;
fw;Wj;juTk;> mth;fis ey;top elj;jpr; nry;yTk;> xU rpyiu ~kpdhtpd;~ ,utpy;
Njh;e;njLj;J epakpj;jhh;fNs! mth;fspy; ,UtUk; xUtuhthh;)
ehd; ve;j xl;lfj;jpd; kpJ mkh;e;J (rthhp) nra;J ,Ue;NjNdh mij fpsg;gpNdhk;.
mjw;F fPNoNa njhiye;J Nghd vd; khiyia ngw;Wf;nfhz;Nlhk;.
mwptpg;gth;: Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h

[{Dghsp ~jak;Kk;~ nra;tJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 166
(mwptpg;ghsuhfpa) ehd; mg;Jy;yh> mG+%]h uspay;yh`{ md;`{ Mfpath;fSld;
mkh;e;jtdhf ,Ue;Njd;. (mg;NghJ mG+%]h mg;Jy;yh`;tplk;) 'mG+mg;Jh;u`;khNd! XU
kdpjh; [{Dghspahfp tpLfpwhh;; xU khjk; tiu jz;zPh; mtUf;F fpilf;ftpy;iy>
njhOifia mth; vt;thW nra;(epiwNtw;W)thh;? vd mg+%]h Nfl;lhh;.
xU khjk; tiu jz;zPiu mth; ngw(mtUf;F fpilf;fh)tpl;lhYk; jak;Kk; nra;aNt
khl;lhh; vd mg;Jy;yh`; $wpdhh;. 'ePq;fs; jz;zPiug; ngwhj (jz;zPh; cq;fSf;F
fpilf;fhj) NghJ Rj;jkhd kz;zPy; jak;Kk; nra;J nfhs;Sq;fs;" vd;w my;khapjh
mj;jpahaj;jpYs;s ,e;j trdj;ij vd;d nra;tPh; vd mG+%]h Nfl;lhh;. (mjw;F)
mg;Jy;yh`;> ',e;j trdj;jpy; cs;sthW mth;fSf;F mDkjp mspf;fg;gl;lhy; jz;zPh;
Fsph;e;J tpl;lhy; ($l) kz;iz(f; nfhz;L jak;Kk; nra;a) mth;fs; Muk;gpj;J tpLth;"
vdf;$wpdhh;.
mG+%]h; 'vd;id my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; xU
Njitapd; epkpj;jk; mDg;gpapUe;jhh;fs;. ehd; [{Dghspahfptpl;Nld;. (jz;zPh; vd;dplk;
,y;iy NjbAk;) jz;zPiu ehd; ngwtpy;iy. (vdf;F fpilf;ftpy;iy me;epiyapy;)
fhy;eil kz;zpy; GuStJ Nghd;W Guz;Nld;. mjd;gpwF egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; ehd; te;J mr;rk;gtj;ij mth;fSf;Ff; $wpNdd;. cd; iffshy;
,t;thW nra;jhNy NghJk; vdf;$wpdhh;fs;. (mij nray; &gj;jpy; fhl;Ltjw;fhf)
mth;fspd; ,UiffisAk; xUKiw G+kpapy; mbj;Jtpl;L> mjd;gpd; ,lJifia tyJ
ifapYk; jq;fsJ Kd;ifiaapd; Nky; gFjpapd; kPJk;> jq;fsJ Kfj;jpd; kPJk;
jltpf;nfhz;ldh; vd;w mk;khhpd; $w;iw ePh; nrtpAwtpy;iyah? vd mg;Jy;yhtplk;
$wpdhh;. mjw;F mg;Jy;yh`;; 'ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; mk;khh; uspay;yh`{
md;`{ $w;iw NghJkhf;fpf; nfhs;stpy;iy vd;gij ePh; ghh;f;ftpy;iyah?"
vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: \fPf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


Fwpg;G : [{Dghspapd; jak;Kk; nry;yhJ vd mg;Jy;yh`; uspay;yh`{ md;`{> ckh;
uspay;yh`{ md;`{ Mfpa ,UtUk; fUjpf; nfhz;bUe;jdh;. mjw;F Nky; mk;khhpd; $w;iw
khj;jpuk; Mjhukhf Vw;f ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ jahuhf ,y;yhjpUe;jhh;fs;. mjd;
gpwF kw;w Vida ]`hghf;fSk; mth;fis gpd;gw;wpath;fSf;Fk; kj;jpapy; gy `jP];fspd;
njsptpy; [{Dghspapd; ~jak;Kk;~ nry;YgbahFk; vd;gJ njspthdTld; ckh; uspay;yh`{
md;`{> mg;Jy;yh`; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ Mfpa ,UtUk; [{Dghspf;F ~jak;Kk;~ MFk;
vd;w $w;wpw;F jpUk;gp mij mq;fPfhpj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;wdh;.

]yhkpw;F gjpy; $Wtjw;fhf ~jak;Kk;~ nra;J nfhs;tJ gw;wpa


ghlk;.
`jP]; vz;: 167
ehDk; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; Jiztpahh; ik%dh uspay;yh`{
md;`h mth;fspd; (%yk;) chpik vOjg;gl;l mg;Jh;u`;khd; gpd; ahrUk; mG+[`;k;gpd;
my;`hhp]; mth;fis Kd;Ndhf;fp te;J Kbthf mthplj;jpy; Eioe;Njhk;. mg;NghJ
mG+[`;k; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ 'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; xl;lff; fpzw;Wg;gFjpapypUe;J Kd;Ndhf;fp te;jhh;fs; (mg;NghJ) xU Mlth;
mth;fis re;jpj;J> mth;fSf;F ]yhk; $wpdhh;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; Rtw;wpd; ghy; te;jile;J> jq;fsJ Kfj;ijAk;. jq;fsJ
,UiffisAk;> jltpf;nfhz;L mjd; gpwF (]yhk; $wpatUf;F) gjpy; ]yhk; $wpdhh;fs;
vdf; $wpdhh;.
mwptpg;gth;: cikh; nksyh ,g;D mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh.

tpRthrp mRj;jkhf khl;lhh; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;


`jP]; vz; : 168
mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; epr;rakhf - kjpdhtpd; njUf;fspy; xU njUtpy;
[{Dghspahf ,Ue;jepiyapy; - egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fis
re;jpj;Jtpl;L xspe;J mq;fpUe;J nrd;W Fspj;Jtpl;ldh;. (,jw;fpilapy;) egp ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> mtiuj; Njbdhh;fs;. mth; (jpUk;g) te;j nghOJ
“mG+`{iuuhNt vq;fpUe;jPh;?” vdf;Nfl;lhh;fs;. “my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! ehd;
[{Dghspahf ,Uf;f vd;id ePq;fs; re;jpj;jPh;fs;. MfNt ehd; Fspj;J Kbf;Fk; tiu
cq;fNshL cl;fhUtij ntWj;Njd;” vd;whh;fs; mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;. “]{g;`hdy;yh`; epr;rakhf tpRthrp1 mRj;jkhf khl;lhd;.”
mwptpg;gth;: mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{.
Fwpg;G : 1. [{Dghsp> gpwiuj; njhLtJk;> gpwNuhL NgRtJk; khh;f;fhPjpahf $Lk;.
me;epiyapy; ahNuhLk; ifnfhLf;ff;$lhJ> jPz;lf;$lhJ vd;Nwh> my;yJ Ngrf;$lhJ
vd;Nwh> my;yJ me;epiyAilNahh; mRj;jg;gl;lth; vd;W fUJtNjh ,];yhj;jpy; ,y;iy
vd;gij ,e;j `jP]; tpsf;FfpwJ. K/kPdhdth; capNuhbUf;Fk; NghJk;> caph;gphpe;j
gpd;Gk;> mRj;jkhfp tplkhl;lhh; vd;w `jP]; ,g;D mg;gh]; uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs;
mwptpf;f Gfhhp u`;kj;Jy;yh`p miy`p mth;fs; jq;fsJ ]`P`py; gjpT
nra;jpUf;fpwhh;fs;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


fz;zpaKk; kfj;JtKk; nghUe;jpa my;yh`;it vy;yh Neuj;jpYk;
epidT $WtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 16 9

'egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; my;yh`;it> mth;fsJ vy;yh Neuq;fspYk;


epidT $wf;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh;" vd Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs;
$Wfpwhh;fs;.

ky[yk; fopj;jgpd;G xUth; xS nra;ahky; (czT) cz;ZtJ


gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 170
ky[yk; fopj;Jtpl;L epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; Gwg;gl;L te;jdh;. mth;fSf;F czT nfhz;L tug;gl;lJ. (mg;nghOJ)
xSitg;gw;wp (]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F> mUfpy; ,Ue;jth;fs;)
epidT+l;bdhh;fs;. 'ehd; njhOJ nfhs;sth tpUk;GfpNwd;? xSr; nra;J nfhs;s...~~
vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: ,g;D mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; xS – Rj;jk;


i`S (khjtplha;) gw;wpa E}y;
k`{o; gw;wp cq;fsplk; Nfl;fpwhh;fs; vd;w my;yh`;tpd; $w;W gw;wpa
ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 171
'A+jh;fs; jq;fspd; ngz;fSf;F khjtplha; Vw;gl;lhy; mth;fSf;F jq;fSld; czT
cz;zNth jq;fsJ tPLfspy; fye;J (jq;fNshL) Nrh;e;J FbapUf;fNth tplkhl;lhh;fs;.
(tPl;Lf;F ntspapy; jdpikapy; Mf;fptpLthh;fs;). MfNt egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fspd; Njhoh;fs; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; ,J gw;wp
Nfl;f> khjtplha; gw;wp mth;fs; cq;fsplk; Nfl;fpwhh;fs;> mJ mUtUf;fj;jf;fjhFk; vd
(egpNa) ePq;fs; $Wq;fs;. MfNt> khjtplhapd; NghJ mg;ngz;fis (jhk;gj;jpa
cwtpypUe;J) tpyf;fpf; nfhs;Sq;fs; vd;w trdj;ij mjd; filrptiu-fz;zpaKk;
kfj;JtKk; nghUe;jpa-my;yh`; ,wf;fp itj;jhd;. (,t;trdj;jpy; $wg;gl;l epiyia
njspT nra;Ak; epkpj;jk;) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;>
khjtplha; ngz;fNshL jhk;gj;jpa cwT ePq;fyhf vy;yhtw;iwAk; nra;Aq;fs;
vdf;$wpdhh;fs;. ,f;$w;W A+jh;fSf;F vl;baJ (mjw;fth;fs;) ek; fhhpaj;jpy; ekf;F
khw;wk; nra;tij jtpu> mth; vijAk; tpl;Litf;f tpUk;Gtjpy;iy vdf;$wpdh;.
ci]j;gpd; my;`{isUk;> mg;ghJ gpd; gp\;Uk; te;J my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs!
epr;rakhf A+jh;fs; khjtplha; tUk; ngz;fs; gw;wp ,g;gbnay;yhk; $Wfpd;wdh;. MfNt
mg;ngz;fis ehk; jhk;gj;jpa cwT nfhs;syhkh? vd;wdh;. ,ijf;Nfl;l my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; mt;tpUth; kPJk; rpdq;nfhz;L
tpl;lhh;fNsh? vd ehq;fs; vz;Zk; tiu mth;fspd; Kfk; khwpaJ (mij czh;e;j)
mt;tpUtUk; ntspNawptpl;ldh;. (MapDk;) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F md;gspg;ghf nfhLf;fg;gl;l ghy; mt;tpUtiuAk; tuNtw;wJ.
mt;tpUtiuAk; mioj;J tur;nrhy;yp Ms; mDg;gp (mth;fs; te;jTld;) mt;tpUtUf;Fk;
ghiy Fbf;f nfhLj;jdh;. ,jd;%yk; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; jk;
,Uth; kPJk; Nfhgg;gltpy;iy vd;gij mt;tpUtUk; njhpe;J nfhz;ldh;.
mwptpg;gth;: md]; gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G : gUtkile;j ngz;zpw;F khjj;jpy; xU Kiw Fwpg;gpl;l ehs;fspy; fUg;igapypUe;J
kh;k cWg;G topahf ntspg;gLk; ,uj;jj;jpw;F ~i`S~ vd;W $wg;gLfpwJ.
,J tUk; ehl;fis mwpe;J me;j ehl;fspy; ngz;fs; ~njhOif~> ~Nehd;ig~ tpl;L
tpLtJ fl;lhaf; flik vd;gjhYk;> mjpypUe;J tpLgl;L Rj;jkhdgpd; me;ehl;fspy;
tpLgl;l njhOiffis epiwNtw;WtJ flikapy;iy vd;gijAk;> me;ehl;fspy; tpLgl;l
Nehd;ig kPz;Lk; itf;fNtz;Lk; vd;gijAk; ,];yhk; typAWj;JfpwJ. mJ gw;wpa
rl;lq;fis njhpe;J nray;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj ~my;yh`;tpd; fl;lisAk;> egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; topKiwAkhFk;. vdNt ,J gw;wp vOJgth;
$r;rg;gLtNjh> rk;ke;jg;gl;lth;fs; gbj;J njspT ngw $r;rg;gLtNjh khh;f;fj;jpw;F
Kuz;gl;ljhFk;. MfNt> ,j; njhlhpy; ngz;fs; rk;ge;jg;gl;l rl;l jpl;lq;fis egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; gy re;jh;gq;fspy; njspTgLj;jpAs;shh;fs;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; i`S (khjtplha;)


khjtpyf;F tUk; Neuk; ngz;Fyj;jpw;F kpf rq;flkhdNeuk; gy`Pdj;jpd; cr;rj;ijAk;
kdjpy; xU tpjkhd ntWg;igAk; ngz;fs; mDgtpf;Fk; Neuk;. MfNt Mlth;fs; jq;fis
mlf;fpf; nfhz;L jhk;gj;jpa cwtpypUe;J ePq;fpf; nfhs;tJk; mtrpak; me;j Fwpg;gpl;l
ehl;fisj; jtph;j;J tpl;L kw;w Vida ehl;fspy; jhk;gj;jpa cwit Nkw; nfhs;syhk;.
vdNt Fwpg;gpl;l me;ehl;fspy; mr;nraiy fz;bg;ghff; jtph;f;fTk;. ,JNt Fh;Mdpd;
fl;lisAk; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; topfhl;lYkhFk;.

ngz;fs; khjtpyf;F epd;wgpd;Gk; jhk;gj;a cwtpw;F gpd;Gk; Fspf;Fk;


Kiw gw;wp tpsf;Fk; ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 173
khjtpyf;F Kbe;j gpd; Fspf;Fk; Kiw gw;wp m];khc uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs; egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplj;jpy; Nfl;ldh; (mjw;F egp ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;) 'cq;fspy; xUj;jp Fspg;gjw;fhf jz;zPiuAk;> ,ye;ij
,iyiaAk; (mRj;jj;ij ePf;f cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gLk; rhjdq;fisAk;) vLj;Jf; nfhs;s
Ntz;Lk;. mjd; %yk; kpf ed;whf(f;fOtp) Rj;jkhf;fpf; nfhz;L mjd; gpwF jiyapd; kPJ
jz;zPiu mts; Cw;wp kaph;f;fhk;Gfs; tiu jz;zPh; NrUk; mstpw;F ed;whf fLikahfj;
Nja;f;f Ntz;Lk;. gpwF mjd;kPJ (jiykPJ) jz;zPiu Cw;wNtz;Lk;. mjd;gpwF gQ;R
my;yJ Jzp my;yJ mjw;F chpa rhjdk; VjhtJ xd;wpy; eWkdk; fye;J mjd;%yk;
mts; Rj;jk; nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk;" vd;whh;fs;. mij itj;J ehd; vt;thW Rj;jk;
nra;aNtz;Lk; vd mth;fs; (m];khc uspay;yh`\{ md;`h) Nfl;f egp ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> ]{g;`hdy;yh`;! mjd;%yk; eP Rj;jk; nra;J nfhs;s
Ntz;Lk; vd;wdh;. Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs; mg;ngz;Zf;F Nfl;Fk; mstpw;F
,Nyrhd rg;jj;jpy; 'mjhtJ ,uj;jk; te;j ,lj;ij mjd;%yk; Rj;jk; nra;J nfhs;"
vdf;$wpdh;. (mLj;J) jhk;gj;a cwtpw;Fg; gpwFs;s Fspg;G Kiw gw;wp egp ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; mg;ngz;kdp (m]khc) Nfl;ldh;. (mjw;F) egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; jz;zPiu vLj;J (fOtp) mts; Rj;jk; nra;J
nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; mofhf Rj;jk; nra;J nfhs;s Ntz;Lk; my;yJ Rj;jj;ij vj;jp itf;f
Ntz;Lk;. mjd;gpwF mtsJ jiyapd; kPJ jz;zPh; Cw;wp kaph;fhk;Gfs; (eidAk;) tiu
jz;zPiur; Nrh;j;J itj;J ed;whfj; Nja;f;f Ntz;Lk;. gpwF mjd; (jiyapd;) kPJ
jz;zPiu mts; Cw;w Ntz;Lk; vdf;$wpdh;.
'ngz;fspy; md;]hh;fspd; ngz;fNs ey;yth;fs;. mth;fs; khh;fj;ijf; Nfl;L njspT
ngWtjpypUe;J mth;fsJ ntl;fk; mth;fis jLf;ftpy;iy" vd Map\h uspay;yh`{
md;`h mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h

njhOk; K]y;yhitNah> GlitiaNah> khjtplha; te;j


epiyapypUf;Fk; ngz; vLf;f mDkjpAz;L vd;gJ gw;wp ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 172

xU rkak; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; gs;spapy; ,Ue;J


nfhz;L Map\hNt! (njhOifj;) Jzpia vdf;F vLj;J nfhL vd;W $wpajw;F (Map\h
uspay;yh`{ md;`h) mth;fs; epr;rakhf ehd; khjtplha;f;fhhpahf ,Uf;fpNwd; vdf;$w
(egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;) mth;fs; cd; khjtpyf;F cd; ifapy; ,y;iy

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; i`S (khjtplha;)


vdf;$wpdh;. mg;NghJ mj;Jzpia Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs; egp ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F vLj;Jf;nfhLj;jdh; vd mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.

khjtplha;g; ngz;fs; Mlthpd; jiyia thhp mij fOtptpLtJ


gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 174
(Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h ,/jpfhgpypUf;Fk; rkak;) Nehahsp mq;fpUf;f mtiug; gw;wp
Nfl;(tprhhpf;)fhky; ehd; ele;jtshf md;wp Njitf;fhf tPl;bDs; ehd; EiofpNwd;.
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; mth;fsJ jiyia (mth;fs;
gs;spapypUe;jthW) vd;ghy; Eiog;gh;. ehd; (khjtplhAilatshf ,Uf;f) mth;fsJ
jiyia ehd; thhptpLNtd;. (my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;)
mth;fs; ,/jpfhg; ,Ug;ghh;fshdhy; Njitapd;wp tPl;bw;Fs; Eioakhl;lhh;fs; vd Map\h
uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs; $Wfpd;whh;fs;.

khjtplha; te;j ngz;zpd; kbapy; rha;e;J nfhs;tJk; (jpUkiwia)


XJtJk; gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 175
ehd; khjtplha; te;jtshf ,Uf;Fk; epiyapy; vd; kbkPJ my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; rha;e;jthW jpUFHMid Xjf;$bath;fshf
,Ue;jhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h

XNu Nghh;itapy; khjtplha; te;j ngz;Zld; cwq;FtJ gw;wpa


ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 176
xU rkak; ehd; (ck;Kry;kh uspay;yh`{ md;`h) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fSld; XNu
Nghh;itapDs; gLj;jpUe;Njd;. mJ rkak; vdf;F khjtpyf;F Vw;g;gl;L tpl;lJ. nkJthf
mq;fpUe;J nrd;W (vOe;J) khjtplha; tUk; fhyj;jpy; cLj;Jk; cilia vLj;J
(mzpe;J) nfhz;Nld;. (mg;NghJ) vd;idg;ghh;j;J my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; 'khjtplha; te;J tpl;ljh" vd;wdh;. ehd; 'Mk;" vd;Nwd;.
'vd;id mioj;jhh;fs; me;j Nghh;itapy; mth;fSld; ehDk; gLj;Jf; nfhz;Nld;"
vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
NkYk; mth;fSk; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fSk; xNu ghj;jpuj;jpy; jhk;gj;a cwtpw;Fg; gpwF
Fspj;jhfTk; $Wfpwhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: ck;K]y;kh uspay;yh`{ md;`h
Fwpg;G: ,uz;L rk;gtk; ntt;NtW ehl;fspy; ele;jJ vd;gij fUj;jpy; nfhs;f.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; i`S (khjtplha;)


cs;shilf;F Nky; khjtpyf;F te;j ngz;iz fl;bj;jOtJ gw;wpa
glhk;.
`jP]; vz; : 177

vq;fspy; xUtUf;F khjtplha; Vw;gl;Ltpl;lhy; mJ Vw;gl;lJNk cs;shil mzpe;J


nfhs;SkhW mg;ngz;zpw;F fl;lisapLthh;fs;. gpwF mg;ngz;iz fl;baizj;Jf;
nfhs;thh;fs;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; jdJ
,r;iria mlf;fpf; nfhz;lJ Nghy; cq;fspy; vth; jdJ ,r;iria mlf;Fk; Mw;wy;
cilatuhf ,Uf;fpwhh;?
mwptpg;gth;: Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h
Fwpg;G: fl;baidf;Fk; NghJ jd;id mlf;fpf; nfhs;s Kbahky; mg;ngz;zpUf;Fk;
epiyapy; cly; Nrh;f;if nra;J tplf;$lhJ vd;gNj ,jd; fUj;J. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
mth;fs; tpyf;fg;gl;l me;epiyapypUe;J jq;fis fhj;Jf; nfhs;fpd;w rf;jpAilath;fshf
,Ue;jdh;. MfNt (jhk;gj;jpa cwit) mr;nraiy fz;bg;ghff; jtph;f;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ
njspT

XNu ghj;jpuj;jpy; khjtplha; te;j ngz;NzhL gUFtJ gw;wpa


ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 178
ehd; khjtplha; te;j epiyapy; (xU ghj;jpuj;jpy;) gUfptpl;L gpwF egp ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F mg;ghj;jpuj;ijf; nfhLg;Ngd;. ehd; vq;F tha; itj;Njdh
mNj ,lj;jpy; jq;fsJ thia itj;J Fbg;ghh;fs;. vYk;Gld; xl;bapUf;Fk; ,iwr;rpia
ehd; fbj;Jtpl;L egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; nfhLg;Ngd;. ehd; vq;F
tha; itj;jpUe;NjNdh mq;NfNa thia itg;ghh;fs; vd Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h
mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h

K];j`hsh (ngUk;Nghf;F) cs;s ngz; gw;wpAk; mtsJ njhOif


gw;wpAk; cs;s ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 179
'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fsplk; ck;K`gPgh gpd;j; [`\; uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs;
khh;f;fj;jPh;g;G Nfl;ldh;. ehd; (tof;fkhd ehl;fistpl) mjpf ehl;fs; khjg;Nghf;F
tUgtshf cs;Nsd; vdf;$w> mjw;F egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;; mJ
xU euk;gpypUe;J Gwg;gl;LtUk; ,uj;jkhFk;. MfNt eP Fspj;J tpl;L njhOJ nfhs;"
vdf;$wpdh;. (vdNt) xt;nthU njhOiff;Fk; mth; (ck;K`gPgh uspay;yh`{ md;`h)
Fspj;Jf; nfhz;L te;jhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h
'epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; ck;K`gPghit

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; i`S (khjtplha;)


xt;nthU njhOiff;Fk; Fspj;Jf; nfhs;s Ntz;Lnkd fl;lisapl;lhh;fs;" vd;gij ,g;D
\p`hg; $wtpy;iy. MapDk; (mJ) ck;K`gPghNt nra;J nfhz;l xU fhhpakhFk; vd
iyj; gpd; ]mJ $Wfpwhh;fs;.

Fwpg;G: ngUk;Nghf;F ,Ue;J tUk; xU ngz;NzhL jhk;gj;jpa cwT nfhs;tjw;F


khh;f;fj;jpy; mDkjp cz;L vd;gij ftdj;jpy; nfhs;f.

khjtplha; ngz; tpLgl;l njhOifia jpUg;gpj; njhO khl;lhs;.


Nehd;ig jpUk;g Nehw;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 180
Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fsplk; ehd; (mwptpg;ghsh;) khjtplha; te;jngz;
Nehd;ig jpUk;gp Nehw;fpwhs;> njhOifia jpUg;gpj; njhOtjpy;iyNa! mJ vd;d?
vdf;Nfl;Nld;> (mjw;F Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h) mth;fs; eP `&hpa;ah1itr;
rhh;e;jtsh? vdf;Nfl;ldh;. ehd; `&hpa;ahitr; rhh;e;jtsy;y. MapDk; ehd; (njspTngw)
Nfl;fpNwd;> vd;Nwd;. (mjw;F) ~khjtplha; vq;fSf;F Vw;gLk;NghJ (tpl;l) Nehd;ig
jpUg;gp Nehw;fNtz;Lnkd ehq;fs; fl;lisaplg;gl;Nlhk;. njhOifia jpUg;gpj;
njhoNtz;Lnkd ehq;fs; fl;lisaplg;gltpy;iy~ vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: KMjh uspay;yh`{ md;`h
Fwpg;G: 1 khjtplhapypUe;J Rj;jkhd gpwF> mf;fhyfl;lj;jpy; tpLgl;l njhOiffis
kPz;Lk; njho Ntz;Lnkd fl;lakhf;fp te;j Rthhp[;fspy; xU $l;lj;jtUf;Fg; ngah;jhd;
`&hpa;ah vdg;gLk;.

[e;J tp\aq;fs;1 egp topahFk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 181
egptopapy; cs;sJ [e;jhFk; my;yJ [e;J fhhpaq;fs; egptopapy; cs;sitahFk;. fj;dh
nra;tJ> (Mz; ngz; ,UrhuhUk;) Mz;Fwp> ngz;Fwp ,d;Dk; mijr;Rw;wp cs;s Kbia
ePf;FtJ> efq;fis ntl;LtJ mf;Fspy; (cs;s) Kbia (ePf;FtJ) gpLq;FtJ> kPiria
Fiwg;gJ MfpaitfshFk; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; $wpajhf mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.
Fwpg;G: 1 `jP]py; 'my;gpjuj;" vd;w thh;j;ijf;F ,UnghUs;fis `jP]; fiy ty;Ydh;fs;
$Wfpwhh;fs;.
m. ~egp top~ mjd;nghUs; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd;
topKiwfshFk;.
M. ~khh;f;fk;~ ,itfis nray;gLj;JtJ khh;f;fkhFk; vd;w nghUSk; $wg;gLfpwJ.

gj;J (tp\aq;fs;) egptopahFk; (khh;f;fkhFk;) vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz;: 182
gj;J (tp\aq;fs;) egptopahFk; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; i`S (khjtplha;)


mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
1. kPiria Fiwj;jy;. 2. jhbia epiwthf itj;jy;. 3 . gy; Jyf;Fjy;. 4 . %f;fpw;F
jz;zPh; nrYj;Jjy;. 5 . efq;fis ntl;Ljy;. 6 . tpuy;fspd; KLr;RfisAk; mjd;
tphpTfisAk; fOTjy;. 7. mf;Fspd; Kbfis fisjy;. 8. Mz;> ngz; ,U rhuhUk;
kh;k];jhdj;jpd; Nky; Kbia rpiwj;jy;. 9. Jg;GuT nra;jy;. gj;jhtij ehd; kwe;J
tpl;Nld;. MapDk; mJ tha; nfhg;gspj;jyhf ,Uf;fyhk; vd K];mG uspay;yh`{ md;`{
mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs; vd [fhpa;ah $Wfpwhh;. jz;zPuhy; Rj;jk; nra;jy; vd;gJ ky[yk;
fopj;jgpd; Rj;jk; nra;jyhFk; vd;W ~tfPc~ (vd;gth;) $Wtjhf Figjh uspay;yh`{
md;`{ (,e;j thh;j;ijia) mjpfg;gLj;jpAs;shh;.
Fwpg;G: ~,d;jpfh];~ vd;w thh;j;ijf;F> m. jz;zPuhy; Mz;Fwp> ngz;Fwp rpW ePh; fopj;j
gpd; Rj;jk; nra;tJ M. xU rpy mwptpg;Gfspy; ~,d;jpfh];~ vd;w thh;j;ijf;F gfukhf
,d;jpsh`;> vd;gJ te;Js;sJ. mjd; nghUs; ~njspj;jy;~ vd;gjhFk;.

gy;Jyf;Fk; Fr;rpia ,Uthpy; (tajpy;) nghpathplk; nfhLg;gJ


gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 183
'xU gy; (Jyf;Fk;) Fr;rpiaf; nfhz;L gy; Jyf;Ftjhf fdtpy; vd;id ehd; fz;Nld;.
,U Mlth;fs; vd;id ,Oj;jdh;. mjpy; xUth; kw;wtiutpl nghpatuhf ,Ue;jhh;.
mt;tpUthpy; rpwpathplk; gy; Jyf;Fk; Fr;rpiaf; nfhLj;Njd;. nghpathplk; nfhLf;FkhW
vdf;F $wg;gl;lJ. nghpathplk; mij ehd; nfhLj;Jtpl;Nld;" vd egp ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: mg;Jy;yh`{ gpd; ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G:- Kjyplk; nghpatUf;Nf vd;gJ njspthfpwJ.

kPirfis Fiwj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;> jhbfis epiwthf itj;J


nfhs;Sq;fs; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 184
'K\;hpfPd; (,izitg;gth;)fSf;F khw;wk; nra;Aq;fs;. (cjLfSf;F Nky; ePl;bf;
nfhz;bUf;Fk;) kPirfis Fiwj;Jf; nfhs;Sq;fs;. jhbfis epiwthf itAq;fs;" vd
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: ,g;D ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 185
'kPirfia Fiwj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;Fk;> efq;fis ntl;bf; nfhs;tjw;Fk;> mf;Fspd; Kbia
fistjw;Fk;> kh;k];jhdj;jpd; Kbia rpiwj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;Fk;> ehw;gJ ,uTfSf;F
mjpfkhf tpl;LtplhJ ,Uf;f vq;fSf;F fhyk; tiuaWf;fg;gl;lJ vd md]; gpd; khypf;
uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.
Fwpg;G: 1 ehw;gJ ehl;fis jhz;btplf;$lhJ vd;gjhy; ehw;gJ ehl;fs;tiu tpl;L itf;f

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; i`S (khjtplha;)


Ntz;Lnkd;gJ mjd; nghUsy;y filrp vy;iy jhd; mJ. mijAk; jhz;b nrd;W
tplf;$lhJ vd;gNj nghUshFk;. mjw;F Kd;G nra;J nfhs;tjpy; khh;f;fj;jpy;
mDkjpAz;L vd;gij fUj;jpy; nfhs;f!

gs;spapy; (fopf;fg;gl;l) rpWePiu fOTtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 186
ehq;fs; xU rkak; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fSld; ,Ue;j NghJ fpuhkj;J mugp xUth;
te;J gs;spthrypy; rpWePh; fopf;f Jtq;fp tpl;lhh;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fspd;
Njhoh;fs; 'jLj;Jf;nfhs;" 'jL;j;Jf;nfhs;" vdf;$wpdh;. mtiuj; epWj;jp (jLj;J) tplhJ
tpl;L tpLq;fs; vd> my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $w
me;egiu mth;fs; (rpWePh; fopj;J KbAk; tiu) tpl;L tpl;ldh;. mjd;gpwF my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; mtiu mioj;J ',e;jg;gs;spfs; ,J
Nghd;w rpWePh; fopf;fNth> my;yJ mRj;jq;fis NghlNth chpajy;y. MapDk; mit
fz;zpaKk; Nkd;ikAk; nghUe;jpa my;yh`;it epidT $Wtjw;Fk;> ,d;Dk; jpUkiwia
XJtjw;Fk; kl;LNk rhpahd (chpa)jhFk;. $l;lj;jpypUe;j xU kdpjiu xU thsp jz;zPh;
nfhz;L tUkhW egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; fl;lisapl;ldh;. (mth;
nfhz;Lte;J) mjd;kPJ gutyhf Cw;wpdhh;.
mwptpg;ghsh;: md]; gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

cilapy; rpWFoe;ijapd; rpWePh; gl;Ltpl;lhy; mjd; kPJ jz;zPh;


njspg;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 187
ck;Kif]; gpd;j; kp`;]d; uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs; cztUe;jhj(jha;g; ghy;
kwthj) jdJ kfid my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk;
nfhz;L te;jdh;. epr;rakhf mg;ngz;zpd; kfd; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; kbapy; rpWePh; fopj;Jtpl;lhd;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; jz;zPh; nfhz;L tur;nra;J jq;fsJ cilapd; kPJ njspj;jdh;.
mth;fs; mt;Tilia fOtNt ,y;iy vd cigJy;yh`; mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;.
mwptpg;ghsh;: ck;Kif]; gpd;j; kp`;]d; uspay;yh`{ md;`h
Fwpg;G: 1 cztUe;jhj(jha;g; ghy; kwthj) Mz; Foe;ijapd; %j;jpuk; clypy;
gl;Ltpl;lhy; jz;zPh; njspj;jhy; kl;LNk NghJk; vd;gij ,e;j `jP]; njspTgLj;JfpwJ.

cilapy; tpe;J gl;Ltpl;lhy; (mij) fOTtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 188
mg;Jy;yh`;gpd; \p`hg; my;ft;yhdp uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;. Map\h
uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fsplj;jp(tPl;b)y; ehd; jq;fpapUe;Njd;. vdJ ,U cilfspy;
(J}f;fj;jpy;) ];fypjkhfptpl;Nld;. (MfNt) mt;tpuz;ilAk; jz;zPhpy; Kf;fpf;
nfhz;bUe;Njd;. mij Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fspd; mbikg;ngz; ghh;j;J
tpl;L> mr;rk;gtj;ij Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fsplk; njhptpj;J tpl;lhs;. mjd;
fhuzkhf Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs; vd;dplk; Ms; mDg;gp ,Ue;jhh;fs; (ehd;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; i`S (khjtplha;)


nrd;Nwd;) cdJ ,U cilfisAk; mt;thW ck;ik nra;a itj;jJ vJ?
vdf;Nfl;ldh;. mjw;F> J}q;Fgth;> J}f;fj;jpy; vij fhz;ghNu mij ehd; fz;Nld;
vd;Nwd;. mt;tpuz;bYk; (,U cilapy;) vijNaDk; fz;Buh? vdf;Nfl;ldh;. ,y;iy
vd;Nwd;. vijahtJ ePH ghh;j;jpUe;jhy; mij eP fOtpapUf;fyhk;. epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; mth;fspd; cilapy; fha;e;J Nghd mtw;iw vdJ efk; nfhz;L Ruz;b (vLj;Jf;)
nfhz;bUf;f vd;id ehd; fz;bUf;fpNwd;1 vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
Fwpg;G: 1 cWjpahfr; nra;jpUf;fpNwd; vd;gJ ,jd; nghUshFk;.

khjtplha; ,uj;jj;ij cilapypUe;J fOTjy; gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 189
egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; xU ngz; te;J> vq;fspy; xUj;jpf;F
khjtplha; ,uj;jk; Glitapy; gl;LtpLfpwJ. mij mts; vt;thW (Rj;jk); nra;J nfhs;s
Ntz;Lk;? vdf;Nfl;lhh;. mjw;F egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; mts; mij
Nja;j;J> cjwpagpd;> mjd;Nky; jz;zPh; Cw;wp tpuy;fspd; efj;jhy; Ruz;b Nja;j;J
mjd;gpwF ed;F fOt Ntz;Lk; 'mjd;gpwF mjpy; mts; njhOJ nfhs;ths;"1
vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: m];khc gpdj; mgPgf;U uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh
Fwpg;G: 1 ,t;thW nra;jhy; cil Rj;jkhfp tpl;lJ> cly; Rj;jkhf ,Ug;gpd; mj;Jzpapy;
njhOtJ MFkhdjhFk; vd;gij ,e;j `jP]; njspTgLj;JfpwJ.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; i`S (khjtplha;)


njhOif E}y;
ghq;F Muk;gk; gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 190
K];ypk;fs; kjpdhit te;jile;jJk; $b,Ue;J njhOiffSf;Fhpa Neuq;fis eph;zak;
nra;th;. (,g;NghJ ghq;F $wg;gl;L njhOiff;F miog;gijg; Nghd;W) njhOiff;F
miog;gth; ahUk; ,y;iy. mJ (njhOiff;F vt;thW miog;gJ vd;gJ) gw;wp xU ehs;
mth;fs; Ngrpdh;. (mg;NghJ) mth;fspy; xU rpyh; 'fpwp];Jth;fspd; kzpiag; Nghd;W xU
kzpia vLj;J(Mf;fp)f; nfhs;Sq;fs;" vd;wdh;. 'A+jh;fspd; xU nfhk;ig" vd mth;fspy;
xU rpyh; $wpdh;. 'xU kdpjiu ePq;fs; mDg;gp itf;f Ntz;lhkh? mth; njhOiff;fhf
miog;ghh; vd ckh; gpd; fj;jhG uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;. (,f;fUj;ij
egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; Vw;W)" 'gpyhNy vOe;J njhOiff;fhf
miog;gPuhf>" vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;ghsh;: mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

ghq;F $Wk; Kiw gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 191
'my;yh`{ mf;gh;> my;yh`{ mf;gh;> m\;`J md;yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{> m\;`J
md;yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{> m\;fJ md;d K`k;kjh; uR+Yy;yh`;> m\;`J md;d
K`k;kjh; uR+Yy;yh`;> mjd;gpd; m\;`J md;yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{ vd ,UkiwAk;>
m\;`J md;d K`k;kjh;uR+Yy;yh`; vd ,UKiwAk; kPz;Lk; $wptpl;L> `a;a
my];]yhj; ,UKiwAk;> `a;a myy;gyh`; ,UKiwAk; $Wthh;. my;yh`{ mf;gh;>
my;yh`{ mf;gh;> yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`; (vd;gij ,];`hf;> ,g;Guh`Pkpd; kfdhh;
mjpfg;gLj;jpAs;shh;) ,e;j ghq;if mG+ k`;J}uh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fSf;F
epr;rakhf egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; fw;Wf; nfhLj;jhh;fs;.
mwptpg;ghsh;: mG+k`;J}uh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

ghq;if ,ul;ilahfTk; ,fhkj;ij xUKiwAk; $WtJ gw;wpa


ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 192
ghq;if ,ul;ilahfTk; ,fhkj;ij xw;iwahfTk; ($WkhW) gpyhy; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
mth;fs; fl;lisaplg;gl;Ls;shh;fs; vd md]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.
,g;D cya;ah mwptpg;gjhf a`;ah jdJ `jP]py;> 'mij ma;AGf;F ehd; mwptpj;Njd;.
mjw;fth; ',fhkj;J ePq;fyhf" vdf;$wpdhh;.
,fhkj;jpy; fj;fhkjp];]yhj; vd;w thh;j;ijia ,UKiw $w Ntz;Lnkd;gNj

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


,jd;nghUshFk;.

ghq;F $Wtjw;fhf ,Utiu epakpj;jy; gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 193
gpyhy; uspay;yh`{ md;`{> fz; njhpahj ,g;D ck;Kkf;J}k; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ Mfpa
,UtUk; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F ghq;F
$wf;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh; vd ,g;D ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.

fz;ghh;itaw;wtiu ghq;F $w epakdk; nra;tJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 194
fz;ghh;itaw;wtuhf ,Ue;j ,g;D ck;Kkf;J}k; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs;>
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F ghq;F $wf;$batuhf
,Ue;jdh;.
mwptpg;ghsh;: Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h

ghq;fpd; rpwg;G gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 195
'/g[;U (mjpfhiyg; nghOJ) cjakhfptpl;lhy; (vjphpfisj;) jhf;f jahuhfp
ghq;NfhiriaAk; nrtpAwj; jahuhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; ,Ug;ghh;fs;> ghq;Nfhiriar; nrtpAw;Wtpl;lhy; jhf;Fjiy epWj;jpf; nfhs;thh;fs;.
mt;thW ,y;yhtpl;lhy; jhf;fj; njhlq;Fthh;fs;. mg;NghJ> my;yh`; mf;gh;> my;yh`;
mf;gh;> vd xU kdpjh; $w my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
nrtpAw;Wtpl;L mth; ,];yhj;jpy; (khh;f;fj;jpy;) ,Uf;fpwhh;" vdf;$wpdhh;fs;. mjd;gpwF
(mk;kdpjh;) 'm\;`J md;yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{" vdf;$wpdhh;. (mjw;F) my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> 'eufpypUe;J ntspNawp tpl;lha;"
vdf;$wpdhh;fs;. (,ijf;Nfl;l ]`hghf;fs; rg;jk; te;j jpiria) Nehf;fpdhh;fs;.
mg;NghJ MLNka;f;Fk; xUth; (mq;F) ,Ue;jhh;> vd md];gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.
`jP]; vz; : 196
'njhOiff;fhf (ghq;F $wp) miof;fg;gl;Ltpl;lhy;> ghq;Nfhiria nrtpAwhjpUf;Fkstpw;F
gpd;Jthuj;jpd; topahf ngUk; rg;jj;Jld; fhw;iwtpl;ltdhf i\j;jhd; gpd;dhy;
nry;Yfpwhd;. ghq;F $wp Kbf;fg;gl;Ltpl;lhy; (kPz;Lk;) Kd;dhy; tUfpwhd;. njhOiff;F
~,fhkj;J~ $wg;gl;L tpl;lhy; gpd;dhy; nry;Yfpwhd;. ,fhkj;J $wg;gl;L Kbe;jJk;
(kPz;Lk; Kd;dhy;) te;J> kdpjhpd; kdj;jpw;Fk; mtUf;Fkpilapy; (mth; kdjpy; gy
vz;zq;fis cz;lhf;fp) ele;J Kbe;Jtpl;l ,d;ditfis epidj;Jghh;:
,d;ditfis epidj;Jghh; vdTk; mjw;F Kd;G mth; epidj;J ghh;f;fhjtw;iwnay;yhk;
epidT $WkhW $Wfpwhd; ,Wjpahf mk;kdpjh; vj;jid (uf;mj;Jfs;) njhOjhh; vd
njhpahjthW MfptpLfpwhh;" vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

ghq;F $WNthhpd; rpwg;G gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 197
mwptpg;ghsuhfpa ehd; ~KMtpah gpd; mgP ]{/g;ahd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fsplk;
,Ue;Njd;. (mg;NghJ) njhOiff;F mtiu miog;gjw;fhf ghq;F $Wgth; mthplk;
te;jhh;. mg;NghJ KMtpah> 'ghq;F $Wf;$bath;fs; kWikapy; kdpjh;fspy; ePz;l
fOj;Jilath;fshf ,Ug;gh;> vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; $w ehd; nrtpAw;wpUf;fpNwd;" vdf;$wpdhh;.

ghq;F $Wgth; $Wtijg;Nghd;Nw $WtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 198
ghq;F $wf;$batiu (ghq;F $w) ePq;fs; nrtpAw;why;> mth; $WtJ Nghd;Nw $Wq;fs;.
mjd;gpwF vd;kPJ ]ythj;J $Wq;fs;. fhuzk;: epr;rakhf vd;kPJ ahh; xU Kiw
]ythj;Jf; $WfpwhNuh mth; kPJ my;yh`; mjd;epkpj;jk; gj;JKiw ]ythj;Jf;
$Wfpwhd;. mjd;gpd; vdf;fhf my;yh`;tplk; ~t]Pyh~itf; NfSq;fs;. epr;rakhf mJ
Rtdj;jpy; xU ];jhdkhFk;. my;yh`;tpd; mbahh;fspy; xU mbahiuj; jtpu mJ
kw;wth;fSf;Fhpajy;y. (me;j) xU mbahh; ehdhf ,Uf;f (cWjpahf my;yh`;tplk;) ehd;
MjuTitf;fpNwd;. MfNt vdf;fhf my;yh`;tplk; t]Pyit ahh; Nfl;lhNuh? mtUf;F
ghpe;Jiu fpilf;Fk;. vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
$w nrtpAw;wjhf mg;Jy;yh`;> gpd; mk;U gpd; M]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.
nkhopngah;ghshpd; Fwpg;G: NkNy cs;s 198 tJ `jP]py; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fspd; fl;lisg;gb ghq;F $Wgth; $Wtijg;Nghd;Nw $wNtz;Lk;
vd;gjhFk;. ,J Nghd;Nw ,ijaLj;j 199 tJ `jP]py; '`a;a my];]yhj;"> '`a;a
myy;gyh`;" vd;gij Nfl;Fk; nghOJ 'yh`;t;y tyhFtj;j ,y;yhgpy;yh`;"
vdf;$wyhk;. vd;gijAk; tpsf;fpf; $wpa egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;>
'm\;`J md;d K`k;kjh;uR+Yy;yh`;" vd;gij ghq;F $Wgth; $Wk; NghJ 'if
efq;fis fz;fspy; itj;J Kj;jpf; nfhs;sNth> mt;thW nra;tjhy; fz;fspy; Neha;
Vw;gLtjpy;iy vd;Nw jpz;zkhff; $WNt ,y;iy vd;gijf; njhpe;J ,r;nraiyf; nra;J
tUk; rNfhjuh;fs; iftpl;L tpl;L> egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
fl;lisapl;lthW kl;Lk; nra;J me;j egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd;
\/gh mj;Jf;Fhpath;fshf ehk; MFtjw;F ty;y my;yh`; ek; midtUf;Fk; ey;Yjtp
nra;thdhf! MkPd;.
ghq;F $wf;$bath; $w;iwg;Nghd;Nw $wpathpd; rpwg;G gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 199
ghq;F $wf;$bath; 'my;yh`{ mf;gU1 my;yh`{ mf;gU vdf;$wpdhy;> cq;fspy; xUth;
my;yh`{ mf;gU my;yh`{ mf;gU vdf;$Wthh;. mjd;gpwF (ghq;F $Wk;) mth; m\;`J
md;yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{ vdf;$Wthh;. (mij Nfl;gth;) m\;fJ md;yh,yh`
,y;yy;yh`{ vdf;$Wth;. mjd;gpwF (ghq;F $Wk;) mth;> m\;fJ md;d
K`k;kjh;uR+Yy;yh`; vdf;$Wthh;. (mijf;Nfl;gth;) m\;fJ md;d
K`k;kjh;uR+Yy;yh`; vdf;$Wthh;. (mjd;gpwF ghq;F $Wgth;) `a;a my];]yh(j;)jp

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


vdf;$Wthh;. (mijf;Nfl;gth;) yh`t;y tyhFt;t(j;)j ,y;yhgpy;yh`p> vdf;$Wthh;.
(mjd;gpwF ghq;F $Wgth;) `a;a myy; /gyh`p vdf;$Wthh;. (mijf;Nfl;gth;)
yh`t;y tyhFt;t(j;)j ,y;yhgpy;yh`p> vdf;$Wthh;. (mjd; gpwF ghq;F $Wgth;)
my;yh`{ mf;gh; my;yh`{ mf;gh; vdf;$Wthh;. (mijf;Nfl;gth;) my;yh`{ mf;gh;>
my;yh`{ mf;gh; vdf;$Wthh; (ghq;F $Wgth;) yhap,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{ vdf;$Wthh;.
(mijf;Nfl;gth;) kdjhu (,jaj;jpypUe;J) yhapyh` ,y;yy;yh`{ vdf;$wpdhy; Rtdk;
GFe;J tpl;lhh;> vd vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: ckh; gpd; fj;jhG uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 200
ghq;F $Wgth; ghq;F $wp Kbf;Fk; rkaj;jpy;> 'm\;`J md;yh,yh` ,y;yy;yh`{
t`;j`{ yh\hPf;fy`{ tmd;d K`k;kjd; mg;J`{ tuR+Y`{ usPj;J gpy;yh`p ug;gd;>
tgp K`k;kjpd; uR+yd;> tgpy; ,];yhkp jPdd; vd ahh; $WfpwhNuh mtuJ ghtk;
kd;dpf;fg;gl;L tpLfpwJ vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth;: ]mJ gpd; mgPtf;fh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G: mjd; nghUs;:-
tzq;fg;gLgtd; my;yh`;itad;wp NtnwtUkpy;iy> mtd; jdpj;jtd; (vt;tifapYk;
vtUk;) mtDf;F $l;by;iy vd;Wk; epr;rakhf K`k;kJ ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; mtdpd; mbahnud;Wk;> mtdpd; J}jh; vd;Wk; ehd; rhl;rp $WfpNwd;. my;yh`;it
,ul;rfdhTk;> K`k;kij J}juhfTk;> ,];yhj;ij khh;f;fkhfTk; ehd; nghUe;jpf;
nfhz;Nld;.

njhOif flik vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 201
(vy;yh tp\aq;fisg; gw;wpANk Nfl;Lf;nfhz;Nl ,Uf;fhjPh;fs;. mJ gw;wp tpsf;fp
$wg;gl;lhy;> mJ cq;fSf;F jPikahfp tpLk; vd;w my;yh`;tpd; $w;wpw;fpzq;fp) vJ
gw;wpAk; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; (ehq;fs;)
Nfs;tpfs; Nfl;gjpypUe;J jLf;fg;gl;bUe;Njhk;.
fpuhkg; gFjpapypUe;J Gj;jprhyp kdpjh; xUth; te;J (egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fsplk;) Nfl;ghh;. (mij) ehq;fs; nrtpAWNthk; (,t;thW ele;J tUtJ) vq;fSf;F
Mr;rhpakhf ,Ue;jJ. (epiyik ,t;thwpUf;f xUehs;) fpuhkg;gFjpapypUe;J xU kdpjh;
te;J K`k;kNj! ck;khy; mDg;ggl;l J}jh; (egh;) ek;kplk; te;J epr;rakhf my;yh`;
ck;ikj; J}juhf mDg;gpapUf;fpwhd; vd;W ePh; fUJtjhf mth; fUJfpwhh; ($Wfpwhh;)
vd;whh;. (mjw;F egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;) (Mk;!) mth; cz;ikNa
ciuj;jhh; vdf;$wpdhh;fs;. (mLj;J) thdj;ijg; gilj;jJ ahh;? vd mth; (te;jth;)
Nfl;lhh;. (mjw;F) ~my;yh`;~ vd (gjpy;) $wpdhh;fs;.
(mLj;J) G+kpiag; gilj;J ahh;? vd (te;jpUe;j) mth; Nfl;lhh; (mjw;F) ~my;yh`;~ vd
(gjpy;) $wpdhh;fs;. (mLj;j) ,e;j kiyfisnay;yhk; el;L itj;J mtw;wpy; Mf;f

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


Ntz;baitfis vy;yhk; Mf;fpatd; ahh;? vdf;Nfl;lhh;. (mjw;F) ~myyh`;~ vd (gjpy;)
$wpdhh;fs;.
thdj;ijg;gilj;J> G+kpiag;gilj;J> ,e;j kiyfisAk; el;L itj;jhNd mtdpd; kPJ
rj;jpakhf! me;j my;yh`;jhd; (ck;ikj;J}juhf) mDg;gp itj;jhdh? vd (te;jpUe;j)
mth; Nfl;lhh;. (mjw;F egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;) mth;fs; Mk; vd;wdh;.
ek;Kila gfy; NtiyapYk; ,uT NtiyapYk; [e;J njhOiffs; ek;kPJ fliknad
ck;khy; J}J mDgg;gl;lth; fUJfpwhh; vdf;$wpdhh;. (mjw;F egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk); mth;fs; ~mth; cz;ikNa ciuj;jhh;~ vd;whh;fs;. (mjw;fth;) ck;ikj;J}juhf
mDg;gp itj;jhNd mtdpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf my;yh`;jhd; ,ij(r; nra;AkhW)
fl;lisapl;lhdh? vdf;Nfl;lhh; (mjw;F egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;) mth;fs;
~Mk;~ vd;wdh;.
ck;khy; mDg;gl;l me;egh; ekJ nghUs;fspy; [fhj; (flik) cz;L vdf;fUJfpwhh;
vdf;$wpdhh;. mth; cz;ikNa ciuj;jhh; vd egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;. (mjw;fth;) ck;ikj; J}Jtuhf mDg;gp itj;jhNd mtd; kPJ
rj;jpakhf my;yh`;jhd; ,ijf; nfhz;L fl;lisapl;lhdh? (vdf;)Nfl;lhh;. (mjw;F)
~Mk;~ vd egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
ck;khy; mDg;gg;gl;lth; igj;Jy;yh`;it (my;yh`;tpd; ,y;yj;ij) mjd;ghy; ghijahy;
(gazk; nra;a) rf;jp ngw;wth;fs; kPJ `[; nra;aNtz;Lnkd;gJ fliknadf; fUJfpwhh;
vd;whh;. mjw;F egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; cz;ikNa ciuj;jhh;
vd;whh;fs;. gpwF (te;jth;) jpUk;gpr; nry;yj; njhlq;fp> cz;ikiaf; nfhz;L ck;ik
ahh; mDg;gp itj;jhNdh mtdpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! mitfis tplTk; (vijAk;) ehd;
mjpfg;gLj;j khl;Nld;. mtw;wpypUe;J vijAk; Fiwf;fTk; khl;Nld; vdf;$wpr; nrd;whh;.
mg;NghJ egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; mth; ($w;wpy;) cz;ikahsuhf
,Ug;ghNuahdhy; epr;rakhf Rtdk; GFe;J tpl;lhh; vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : md];gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

njhOif ,uz;L ,uz;L uf;mj;jhf flikahf;fg;gl;lJ vd;gJ


gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 202
epr;rakhf njhOif Kjypy; ,uz;L uf;mj;jhfNt flikahf;fg;gl;lJ. (mij) gpuahzj;
njhOifahf (gpwF eph;zapf;fg;gl;Ltpl;lJ. (gpuahzj;jpy; ,y;yhj rkak;) Chpy;
,Uf;Fk;NghJs;s njhOif (ehd;fhf) epiwT nra;ag;gl;lJ vd Map\h uspay;yh`{
md;`h mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.
Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fspd; fhhpankd;d mth;fs; gazj;jpy; njhOifia
epiwT nra;fpd;wdNu (mJ Vd;?) vd ehd; ch;thtplk; Nfl;Nld;. (mjw;fth;) cJkhd;
uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; fUj;Jf; nfhz;lJ Nghd;Nw (Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h
mth;fSk;) fUj;Jf;1 nfhz;Ls;sdh; vdf;$wpdhh;.
Fwpg;G : 1 Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h gazj;jpy; epiwthfTk; njhOfyhk;> Fiwj;Jk;
njhOfyhk; vd;w fUj;ijf; nfhz;bUe;jhh;fs;. MfNt epiwthfj; njhOJs;sdh;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


Ie;J njhOiffs; mitfSf;F kj;jpapy; Vw;gLk; (rpwpa
Fw;wq;fSf;Fg;) ghpfhukhFk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 203

(xU ehspd;) Ie;J njhOiffs;> xU [{k;M (njhOif)apypUe;J (mLj;j) [{k;Mtiu


,itfSf;F kj;jpapy; Vw;gLk; (rpwpa) Fw;wq;fSf;Fg; ghpfhukhFk;. ngUk;ghtq;fspy;1
xUtd; %o;fp tplhjtiu xU ukshdpypUe;J mLj;j ukshd;tiu ngUk;ghtq;fs;
jtph;f;fg;gl;lhy; mitfSf;F kj;jpapy; (Vw;gLk; rpwpa) ghtq;fSf;F (mJ) ghpfhukhFk;
vd epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G: 1 ngUk;ghtq;fs; vd;d vd;gijj; njhpe;J nfhs;s `jP]; 4 6 > 4 7> Mfpa ,U
`jP];fspy; fhz;f

njhOifia tpLtJ ,iw epuhfhpg;ghFk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 204
(xU) kdpjUf;Fk; \ph;f;fpw;Fk;> (xU kdpjUf;Fk;) Fg;Uf;Fkpilapy; tpj;jpahrj;ijf;
fhl;LtJ njhOifiatpLtjhFk; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; $w ehd; nrtpAw;Nwd; vd [hgph; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : [hgph; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
1
vy;yh Neuq;fs; gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 205
S`hpd; Neuk; #hpad; cr;rpapypUe;J rhpe;jJKjy; xU kdpjhpd; epoy; (rhpahf) mth;
cauj;ijg;; (Nghd;W) Mfpd;w (Neuk;) tiuapyhFk;. NkYk; m]h; Neuk; tuhjtiuapyhFk;.
m]hpd; Neuk; #hpad; kQ;rs; khwhjtiuapyhFk;.
k`;hpg; njhOifapd; Neuk; nrk;Nkfk; kiwahj tiuapyhFk;.
/g[;U njhOifapd; Neuk;> /g[;U cjakhdjpypUe;J #hpad; cjpf;fhj tiuapyhFk;.
#hpad; cjakhfptpl;lhy; njhOtij epWj;jpf;nfhs; Vnddpy; mJ epr;rakhf i\j;jhdpd;
,uz;L nfhk;GfSf;F kj;jpapy; cjakhfpd;wJ vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mg;Jy;yh`;> gpd; mk;U uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh
`jP]; vz; : 206
epr;rakhf njhOiffspd; Neuq;fs; gw;wpf; Nfl;ff;$bath; xUth; mth; (my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;)fsplk; te;J Nfl;lhh;. mtUf;F ve;j
gjpiyAk; mth;fs; $wtpy;iy. Giujh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fspd; mwptpg;gpy; ,uz;L
ehs; vq;fNshL njhOtPuhf! vdf;$wpdhh;fs; vd gjpthfpAs;sJ. ve;j gjpiyAk;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


$wtpy;iy vd;gjw;F Neuq;fs; gw;wp nray; &gj;jpy; fw;Wj;juNtz;Lnkd;gjhy; tpsf;fkhf
$wtpy;iy vd;W tpsq;fpf; nfhs;sNtz;Lk;) gpyhy;1 mth;fSf;F (ghq;F ,fhkj;Jf; $w)
fl;lisapl;lhh;fs; (mt;thW mth; nra;jgpwF) /g[;U cjakhdJk; (egp ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk); mth;fs; /g[;U njhOifia epiwNtw;wptpl;lhh;fs;. (mg;NghJ) #hpad;
cr;rpapypUe;J rhpe;jJk; Y`iu (egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;) mth;fs;
epiwNtw;wpdhh;fs;. gfy; nghOJ ghjpia mile;J tpl;lJ vdf;$wf;$bath; $wpdhh;.
mt;thW $wpath; mth;fspy; kpfj; njhpe;jtuhf ,Ue;jhh;. mjd;gpwF mtU(gpyhY)f;F
(ghq;F ,fhkj;Jf; $w egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;) mth;fs; fl;lisapl;L tpl;L
#hpad; cauj;jpy; ,Ue;j NghJ m]iu epiwNtw;wpdhh;fs;. mjd;gpwF mtU(gpyhY)f;F
(ghq;F ,fhkj;Jf; $w egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;) mth;fs; fl;lisapl;lhh;fs;.
#hpad; kiwe;j NghJ kf;hpig (egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;)mth;fs;
epiwNtw;wpdhh;fs;. mjd;gpwF (ghq;F ,fhkj;Jf; $WkhW) gpyhYf;F fl;lisapl;lhh;fs;.
nrk;Nkfk; kiwe;j rkaj;jpy; ,\hit epiwNtw;wpdhh;fs;. mLj;jehs; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; /gI;U njhOifia Kbj;Jf;nfhz;lNghJ $wf;$bath;>
#hpad; cjakhfptpl;lJ vd;W my;yJ #hpad; cjakhfg;NghfpwJ vdf;$wpdhh;. mjd;gpwF
S`iu New;W m]h; njhOj Neuk; mstpw;F rkPgkhf gpw;gLj;jpdhh; mij mth;fs;
Kbj;Jf;nfhz;l NghJ> $wf;$bath; #hpad; rpte;Jtpl;lJ vdf;$wpdhh;. mjd;gpwF
kf;hpig nrk;Nkfk; kiwAk;tiu gpw;gLj;jpdhh;fs;. mjd;gpwF ,\hit ,utpd; %d;W
gFjpfspy; Kjy;gFjp mstpw;F gpw;gLj;jpdhh;fs;. mjd;gpwF fhiyg;nghOij
mile;Jtpl;ldh;. mg;NghJ (Neuq;fs; gw;wp) Nfl;L te;jtiu mioj;J Neuk; ,e;j ,uz;L
Neuq;fSf;F kj;jpapy;jhd; vd;whh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+%]h my; m\;mhP uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G : 1 ~~gpyhy; mth;fSf;F fl;lisapl;lhh;fs;~~ vd;w thh;j;ij K];yPkpy;
gjpthftpy;iy. Giujh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fspd; mwptpg;gpy; xt;nthU Neuj;jpw;F
ghq;F ,fhkj;ijf; $WkhW fl;lisapl;lhh;fs; vd;gJ gjpthfpAs;sJ.

/g[;U njhOifia ,Ul;by; njhOtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 207
`[;[h[; kjpdhtpw;F Kd;Ndhf;fp te;jNghJ> [hgph; gpd; mg;Jy;yh`{ uspay;yh`{ md;`{
mth;fsplk; ehq;fs; Nfl;Nlhk;. mjw;fth; S`iu my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; fLk; ntapypy; njhOjdh;. m]iu #hpad; Rj;jkhf ,Uf;Fk;
NghJ njhOjdh;. kf;hpig #hpad; kiwe;jJk; njhOjdh;. ,\hit (,\hj;
njhOifia) rpy rkaq;fspy; gpw;gLj;jpj; njhOthh;fs;> rpy rkak; Jhpjkhfj;
njhOJtpLthh;fs;. (mjhtJ) mth;([dq;)fnsy;yhk; xd;W $btpl;lhy; Jhpjkhfj;
njhOJtpLthh;fs;. mth;fis gpe;jptplf;fz;lhy; gpw;gLj;Jthh;fs;. ]{g;`{j; njhOifia
mth;fs; (my;yJ) egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; mj;njhOifia ,Ul;by;
njhof;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh; vd [hgph;> gpd; mg;Jy;yh uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh
$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : K`k;kJ gpd; mk;U uspay;yh`{ md;`{

]{g;`{> m]h; njhOifia Ngzpf;nfhs;tJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 208

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


#hpad; cjaj;jpw;F Kd; (/g[;iuAk;) mJ (khiyapy;) miltjw;FKd; m]iuAk;
njhOjth; eufk; Gfkhl;lhh; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; $w ehd; nrtpAw;Nwd; vd U[ghtpd; je;ij $Wfpwhh;. g]uh thrpfspy; xU
kdpjh; mthplk; ,ij ePh; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fsplkpUe;J jhd; Nfl;buh? vd mthplk; Nfl;lhh; mjw;F Mk;! vd;whh;
(mt;thnwd;why;)
epr;rakhf ehd; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplkpUe;J
mijr; nrtpAw;Nwd;. vd; fhJfs; Nfl;ld. vdJ kdk; mij Ngzpg;ghJfhj;J
nfhz;lJ vd ehd; rhl;rp $WfpNwd; vd (mk;) kdpjh; $wpdhh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+gf;fh; gpd; ckhuhgpd; U[gh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ vd;gth; jkJ je;ij
$wpajhf mwptpf;fpwhh;.
`jP]; vz; : 209
m]iuAk; /g[;iuAk; ahh; njhOjhNuh? mth; Rtdk; GFe;J tpl;lhh; vd my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;. ,e;j `jPi] mG+gf;fh; gpd;
mG+%]h my; m\; mhp uspay;yh`{ md;`{ jdJ je;ij mwptpj;jjhf mwptpf;fpwhh;.

#hpa cjaj;jpd;NghJ mJ kiwAk; NghJk; njhOtJ


jLf;fg;gl;ljhFk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 210
m]Uf;Fg; gpwF my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; ,uz;L
uf;mj; njhOtij tplNt ,y;iy. #hpa cjaj;jpd; NghJk; mJ kiwAk;NghJk; cq;fsJ
njhOiffis njhohjPh;fs;. mJ kiwe;jTlNdNa njhOq;fs; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs; vd Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h
mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.

Kjy; Neuj;jpNyNa S`h; njhOtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 211
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; ehq;fs; te;J fLikahf
fhpj;JtpLk; #l;ilg;gw;wp Kiwapl;Nlhk;. 1vq;fspd; KiwaPl;il njhlh;e;J nra;Jte;Njhk;.
mG+,];`hf;fplk; S`h; njhOif gw;wpah? vd [{i`h; mth;fs; Nfl;ljhf $Wfpwhh;.
mjw;F mth; Mk; vd;wJk; ~mij Jhpjg;gLj;jp njhOtjpNyah?~ vd [{i`h; Nfl;ljw;F
~Mk;~ vd;wdh;.
mwptpg;gth; : fg;ghg; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G : 1. S`iu $Ljyhf gpw;gLj;jf; $wp KiwaPL nra;ag;gl;lJ mij egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk); mth;fs; kWj;Jtpl;ldh; MapDk; epahakhd msT
gpw;gLj;Jtij egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; mDkjpj;J cs;shh;fs;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


fLikahd #l;bd;NghJ njhOifia Fspuitj;jy; (gpw;gLj;Jjy;)
vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 212

my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; Kmj;jpd; S`Uf;F ghq;F


$wptpLthh;. mg;NghJ egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; Fspu itg;gPuhf!
Fspuitg;gPuhf!! my;yJ vjph;ghh;g;gPuhf!! vdf;$Wthh;fs;. NkYk; epr;rakhf #l;bd; fLik
eufj;jpd; nfhjpg;G gutp mjd;%yk; Vw;gLk; [{thiyahFk; vdf;$wpdhh;fs;. #L
fLikahfptpl;lhy; njhOifia FspuitAq;fs; (gpw;gLj;Jq;fs;) vdf;$Wthh;fs;. ehq;fs;
jiuapypUe;J nfhQ;rk; caukhfr; fplf;Fk; Fg;igNkLfSf;Fk; (RtUfSf;Fk;) epoiy
fhDk;tiu vd mG+jh;U uspay;yh`{ md;`{ $Wfpwhh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+jh;U uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G : #hpad; cr;rpapypUe;J rha;e;jjw;F gpwF rw;WNeuk; fopj;jhy;jhd; epoy; tpOk;.
jiuapypUe;J cah;e;J Ftpf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk; Fg;igNkLfSf;Fk; rpW Fd;WfSf;Fk; epoy;
tpOk; MfNt fLk; #l;il jtph;f;f epahakhd msT gpw;gLj;jp njhOJs;shh;fs; vd;gJ
njspthfpwJ.

m]h; njhOifapd; Kjy; Neuk; gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 213
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> m]h; njhOifia #hpad;
cah;e;j epiyapy; capNuhL1 ,Uf;f njhOjhh;fs;. #hpad; cauj;jpypUf; f
(me;Neuj;jpypUe;J nghOJ miltjw;Fs;) mthypf;F2 xU kdpjh; (Gwg;gl;Lr;) nrd;W
mthypia mile;Jk; tpLthh; vd md]; gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs;
$Wfpwhh;fs;.3
Fwpg;G :
1 #hpad; capNuhL ,Uf;f vd;gjw;F kQ;rs; fyf;fhj Rj;jkhd ntz;ik epwj;jpy;
,Ue;jJ nghUshFk;.
2 mthyP-kjPdh Kdt;tuhtpy; k];[pJe; egtPapypUe;J mjd; ,lg;Gwk; ,Uf;Fk; [d;dj;Jy;
gf;fPctpd; ,g;NghJs;s EioTthapypUe;J njw;F gFjpapy; ,Ue;J njhlq;fp ,uz;L iky;
njhiy J}uk; rpyhpd; fUj;Jg;gb %d;W iky; njhiyJ}uk; NtWrpyh; fUj;Jg;gb vl;L
iky; J}uk; vd;fpd;wdh;.
3 m]iu Kjy; Neuj;jpNyNa> mjhtJ xU nghUspd; epoy; mJ mstpw;F ,Ue;jNghJ
njhOJs;sdh; vd;gJ njspthfpwJ.
`jP]; vz; : 214
my; myhc gpd; mg;Jh; u`;khd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ S`h; njhOifia Kbj;Jf;
nfhz;L (g]uh ehl;bYs;s) md];gpd; khypf; vd;gthpd; tPl;by; Eioe;jhh;. mtuJ tPL
gs;spia mLj;J ,Ue;jJ. ehq;fs; mtuJ tPl;bDs; Eioe;jNghJ m]h; njhOifiaj;
njhOJtpl;bh;fsh? vd (md]; gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{) Nfl;lhh;. ,g;NghJ jhd;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


ehq;fs; S`iuj; njhOJtpl;L jpUk;gp tUfpNwhk; vd mthplk; $wpNdhk;. (vdpDk;) mth;
m]iuj; njhOq;fs; vd;whh;. ehq;fs; vOe;J m]iu njhOJtpl;Nlhk; m]h; njhOifia
ehq;fs; Kbj;Jf; nfhz;l NghJ mJ (m]h; njhOifia gpw;gLj;JtJ) eatQ;rfdpd;
njhOifahFk;. (mtd;) mkh;e;J #hpaidf; fz;fhzpj;Jf; nfhz;bUg;ghd; i\j;jhdpd;
,U nfhk;GfSf;F kj;jpapy; mJ ,Uf;Fk;NghJ vOe;J mij ehd;F Kiw (Nfhop
nfhj;JtJ Nghd;W) nfhj;Jthd;. mjpy; my;yh`;it Fiwthf my;yhJ
1
epidT$wkhl;lhd; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
$wf;$bath;fshf (,Ue;jdh; mij) ehd; nrtpAw;Nwd; vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : my; myhc gpd; mg;Jh;u`;khd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G : 1 Neuf;Fiwtpd; epkpj;jk; mtru mtrukhf FiwthfNt epidT $Wfpwhd;.

m]h; njhOifia Ngzpj; njhOtJk; mjd;gpwF njhOtijj;


jLj;Jf; nfhs;tJk; gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 215
~my; Kfk;k];~ vd;w ,lj;jpy; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mthh;fs; vq;fSf;F m]h; njhOifia elj;jpdhh;fs; (elj;jp tpl;L)
epr;rakhf ,j; njhOifia cq;fSf;F Kd; nrd;wth;fSf;F vLj;Jf; fhl;lg;gl;lJ.
(Mdhy;) mth;fs; mij ghohf;fptpl;ldh; (vdNt) ahh; mij Ngzpj; njhOfpwhNuh
mtUf;F mtuJ $yp ,U Kiw cz;L. mjw;Fg;gpwF el;rj;jpuk; cjakhFk; tiu ve;jj;
njhOifAk; ,y;iy vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mthh;fs;
$wpajhf mG+g]huh my; fp/ghhp uspay;yh`{ md;`{ $Wfpwhh;fs;.

m]h; njhOif ahUf;F jg;gptpl;lNjh? mtiu fbdk; fhl;LtJ


gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 216
m]h; (njhOif) ahUf;F jg;gptpl;lNjh mth; jdJ FLk;gk; jdJ nghUs;fs; Mfpatw;iw
mthpypUe;J gpLq;fg;gl;ltiu (,oe;jtiu)g; Nghd;wtuhthh; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mthh;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh

eLj;njhOif gw;wp te;Js;sJ vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 217
#hpad; rptg;G epwj;ij milAk;tiu my;yJ kQ;rs; epwj;ij milAk; tiu njhOifia
njhOtijtpl;Lk; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fis
,izitf;f $bath;fs; jLj;Jtpl;ldh;. mg;NghJ my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;>
eLj; njhOifia m]Uj; njhOifia njhOtij tpl;Lk; mth;fs; (mfo; ntl;Ltjpy;)
ek;ik <Lglr; nra;J tpl;ldh;. mth;fsJ tapWfisAk; mth;fsJ fg;UfisAk; my;yh`;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


neUg;ghy; epug;Gthdhf! vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mthh;fs;
$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; k];CJ uspay;yh`{ md;`{

m]Uf;Fg; gpwFk;> ]{g;`{f;Fg; gpwFk; njhOtJ jLf;fg;gl;ljhFk;


vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 218
m]Uf;Fg; gpwF #hpad; kiwAk; tiu njhOtijAk;> ]{g;`{f;Fg; gpwF #hpad; cjakhFk;
tiu njhOtijAk; epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; jil nra;Js;sdh; vd mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.

%d;W Neuq;fs; mtw;wpy; njhog;glNth> fg;Ufspy; mlf;fg;glNth


$lhJ vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 219
%d;W Neuq;fspy; ehq;fs; njhOtijAk; my;yJ me;Neuq;fspy; vq;fspy; kuzpj;jth;fis
mlf;FtijAk; jLf;f$bath;fshf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mthh;fs; ,Ue;jhh;fs;. me;Neuq;fshtd #hpad; ed;F cjakhfp caUk;tiuAk;> kjpa
Neuk; te;J #hpad; cr;rpapypUe;J rhAk;tiuAk;> #hpad; kiwtjw;fhf rha;e;J mJ
(ed;F) kiwAk;tiuAk; vd ehd; nrtpAw;Nwd; vd (mwptpg;ghsh;) $Wfpwhh;.
mwptpg;gth; : ciya;A gpd; ugh`; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

m]Uf;Fg; gpd; ,uz;L uf;mj; njhOtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 220
m]Uf;Fg;gpd; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; njhOJ te;j
,uz;L uf;mj;Jfs; gw;wp mG+]ykh> Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fsplk; Nfl;lhh;fs;
(mjw;fth;fs;)
~~mt;tpuz;L uf; mj;JfisAk; m]Uf;F Kd;G ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
njhof;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jhh;fs;. mjd;gpwF epr;rakhf ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; mt;tpU njhOiffis njhOtijtpl;Lk; NtW fhhpaj;jpy; <LgLj;jg;gl;lhh;fs;.
my;yJ mt;tpU uf; mj;Jfis njhOtij kwe;J tpl;lhh;fs;. MfNt jhd; mij
m]Uf;Fg;gpwF njhOjhh;fs;. mjd;gpwF mij epiyg;gLj;jp tpl;lhh;fs;. mth;fs; ve;jj;
njhOifia njhOjhYk; mij epiyg;gLj;jptpLthh;fs;. mij epue;jukhfr; nra;thh;fs;
vd Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs; fUj;J $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+ ]ykh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G : m]Uf;Fg; gpwF ,uz;L uf;mj;J njhOtJ gw;wpa tpsf;fk;:
m]Uf;F Kd; njhOf Ntz;ba ,uz;L uf;mj;ij Ntiyapd; fhuzkhf m]Uf;Fg;gpwF
njhOjdh;. mjd; gpwF mij epue;jukhfr; nra;jdh; vd 220tJ `jP]py; Map\h

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fspd; mwptpg;gpw;nfhg;g ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
nra;Jte;jhh;fs; vd;gJ rhpahdNj. Mdhy; mJ mth;fSf;F chpa nrayhFk; mJ gw;wp
nra;AkhW egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`{ t]y;yk; mth;fs; $whjjhy; kw;wth;fs; nra;tijj;
jtph;f;fyhk; vd;gJ xU fUj;J.
Gfhhp> K];ypkpy; gjpthfpAs;s ~~#hpad; kiwAk; tiu ve;jj; njhOifAk; ,y;iy~~ vd;w
`jP]; rhpahdJ. ,jd; fUj;J nghJthdjhFk;. MjhtJ m]Uf;Fg;gpwF njhOifNa
,y;iy vd;gjhFk;. ,g;nghJthd rl;lj;jpypUe;J xU jdpg;gl;l rl;lk; jhd;
m]Uf;Fg;gpwF ,uz;L uf;mj;J e/gpiy ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; njhOJ
te;jdh;. mjw;Fhpa Mjhuj;ijg; ghh;g;Nghk;
220tJ `jP]py; mt;thW m]Uf;Fg; gpwF njhOj ,uz;L uf;mj;ij Nekkhf
Mf;fpf;nfhz;lhh;fs; vd;gJ Gfhhp> K];yPkpd; mwptpg;ghsh;fshy; K];dJ ,khk;
m`;kJtpd; 13 0>1 ,yf;fkpl;L gjpthfpAs;s `jP]; ~~m]Uf;Fg;gpwF njhohjPh;fs;. #hpad;
caukhf ,Uf;Fk; epiyapy; njhOjhNy jtpu~~ mjhtJ #hpad; cauj;jpypUf;Fk; nghOJ
njhOfyhk; vd;gJ njspthfpwJ.
,jd; mbg;gilapy; myp uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; m]Uf;Fg; gpwF njhOJte;jhh;fs;
vd;gJk; gjpthfpAs;sJ. MfNt m]Uf;Fg;gpwF ,uz;L uf;mj;J e/gpy; njhOtJ #hpad;
cah;e;j epiyapypUf;f $Lk; mJ tpyf;fg;gl;ljy;y vd;gij ftdj;jpy; nfhs;f.

kf;hpGf;F gpwF> tpLgl;l m]h; njhOifia epiwNtw;WtJ gw;wpa


ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 221
epr;rakhf ckh; gpd; fj;jhG uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; mfo; (Njhz;ba) ehspy;
Fiw\pf; fhgph;fis Vrf; $bath;fshf ,Ue;jhh;fs;. ~~my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs!
my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! #hpad; kiwAk; epiyia (kf;hpG neUq;fptpl;lhy;) mile;J
tpLk;tiu m]h; njhOifia ehd; njhoKbatpy;iy~~ vd;whh;fs;. mjw;F my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; ~~my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! ehDk;
mj;njhOifia njhotpy;iy~~ vd;whh;fs;. mjd;gpd;dh; Gj;`hd; vd;w Xilapd; ghy;
ehq;fs; ,wq;fpNdhk; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
xSr;nra;jhh;fs; ehq;fSk; xSr;nra;Njhk;. #hpad; kiwe;j gpwF m]h;njhOifia
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; njhOjhh;fs;. mjd;gpwF
kf;hpG njhOifia njhOjdh;.
mwptpg;gth; : [hgph; gpd; mg;Jy;yh`; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

#hpad; kiwe;j gpwF kf;hpG (njhOif)f;F Kd;G ,uz;L uf;mj;


njhOtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 222
ehd; md]; gpd; khypf; mth;fsplk; m]Uf;Fg; gpwF e/gpy; njhOtJ gw;wpf; Nfl;Nld;.
mjw;fth; ~m]Uf;Fg;gpwF~ njhOifiaj; njhOgthpd; iffspy;> ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
mth;fs; mbf;ff;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


ehq;fs; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; fhyj;jpy; #hpad;
kiwe;j gpwF ~k/f;hpG~ njhOiff;F Kd;G ,uz;L uf;mj;Jfisj; njhof; $bath;fshf
,Ue;Njhk; vdf;$wpdhh; (mg;NghJ) mt;tpuz;L uf;mj;JfisAk; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; njhof;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jhh;fsh? vd ehd;
Nfl;Nld; (mjw;fth;) mt;tpU uf;mj;JfisAk; ehq;fs; njhof;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jij
mth;fs; ghh;j;Jnfhz;bUe;jdh;. vq;fSf;F fl;lisaplTkpy;iy vq;fisj; jLf;fTk;
,y;iy vdf;$wpdhh;.
mwptpg;gth; : Kf;jhh; gpd; /Gy;/Gy; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

kf;hpgpd; Neuk;> #hpad; kiwe;jJ KjyhFk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 223

epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; #hpad; m];jkpj;J


jpiuf;Fs; kiwe;J tpLkhdhy; kf;hpigj; njhof;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jhh;fs; vd ]ykhgpd;
my; mf;tc uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mwptpf;fpwhh;.

,\htpd; NeuKk; mij gpw;gLj;JtJk; gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 224
,utpd; ngUk;gFjp fle;JtpLk; tiuAk; gs;spapypUe;jth;fs; cwq;fpLk; tiuAk; egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; (,\hj; njhOiff;Fg;) gpe;jptpl;lhh;fs;
mjd;gpwF ntspapy; te;J njhOjhh;fs; (njhOJ tpl;L) ehd; vd; ck;kj;jth;fSf;F
f\;lk; nfhLf;ftpy;iyahapd; epr;rakhf ,Jjhd; mjw;Fhpa NeukhFk; vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h

,\hj; njhOifapd; ngah; gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 225
fpuhkj;J mugpfs; cq;fsJ ,]hj; njhOifapd; ngah; tp\aj;jpy; cq;fis kpifj;Jtpl
Ntz;lhk;. epr;rakhf mJ my;yh`;tpd; Ntjj;jpYk; (mjd; ngah;) ,\hjhd;. epr;rakhf
mj;njhOif xl;lfq;fspd; ghy; fwf;fpd;w fLk; ,Ushd Neuk;tiu gpe;jptpLfpwJ
vdf;$wpdhh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G : fpuhkj;J mugpfs; ,\hit ~mjkh~ (mjhtJ fLk; ,Ul;L) vd;w ngahpy;
$wptUfpd;wdh;. ePq;fs; mt;thW $whky; Fh;Mdpy; mjd;ngah; ~,\h~ vd $wg;gl;bUg;gJ
Nghd;W ~,\h~ vd;Nw $Wq;fs; vd;gNj ,jd; fUj;J.

njhOifia> mjd; Neuj;ij tpl;Lk; gpw;gLj;jtJ


tpyf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 226

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


ckJ jiyth;(mkPh;)fs; njhOifia mjd; Neuj;ij tpl;Lk; gpw;gLj;Jthh;fNsahdhy;
my;yJ KOikahf njhOifia kuzpf;fr; nra;J tpLthh;fNsahdhy; ePh; vd;d nra;tPh;
vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; vd;dplk; Nfl;lhh;fs;.
(me;epiy Vw;gl;lhy;) ehd; (mG+jh;U) vd;d nra;aNtz;Lnkd vdf;F fl;lisapLfpwPh;fs;?
vdf;Nfl;Nld;. (mjw;F) njhOifia mjw;Fhpa Neuj;jpy; ePh; epiwNtw;wptpLtPuhf!
(mjd;gpwF) mj;njhOifia mth;fs; njho ePh; mth;fis vj;jpf;(ngw;W) nfhz;lhy; ePUk;
njhOtPuhf! epr;rakhf mth;fNshL njhOj njhOif cdf;F e/gpyhfptpLk; vd;wdh; vd
mG+jh;U uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.

njhOifia mjd; Neuj;jpy; njhOtNj kpfr; rpwe;j nrayhFk;


vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 227
mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; k];CJ uspay;yh`; md;`{ mth;fs;: ehd; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; nray;fspy; kpfr; rpwe;jJ vJ? vdf;
Nfl;Nld;. mjw;F> njhOifia mjw;Fhpa Neuj;jpy; njhOtJ vd;wdh;. gpwF (rpwe;jJ)
vJ? vdf; Nfl;Nld;. mjw;F ngw;Nwhh;fSf;F ed;wpAld; ele;J nfhs;tjhFk; vd;wdh;.
gpwF (rpwe;jJ) vJ? vdf; Nfl;Nld;. mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; ghijapy; mwg;Nghh;
nra;tjhFk; vd;wdh;. NkYk; mijtpl mth;fSf;F rpukkhf ,Uf;Fk; vd;gjhy; ehd;
mijtpl mjpfkhf Nfl;ftpy;iy vdf; $Wfpwhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; k];CJ uspay;yh`{ md;`{

njhOifapy; ahh; xU uf;mj;ij vj;jpf; nfhz;lhNuh? mth;


njhOifia vj;jpf; nfhz;lhh; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 228
njhOifapy; xU uf;mj;ij ngw;Wf;nfhz;lth; epr;rakhf mj;njhOifia (KOtJkhf)
ngw;Wf;nfhz;lhh; vd egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpajhf mG+`{iuuh
uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mwptpf;fpwhhfs;.

XU njhOifia xUth; njhOfhky; J}q;fptpl;lhy; my;yJ mij


kwe;Jtpl;lhy; (gpd;) mij mth; epidj;Jtpl;lhy; mth;
(jhkjkpd;wp) njhOJtplTk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 229
vq;fSf;F Kd;dhy; epd;W my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
(xU gpuahzj;jpy;) gpurq;fk; nra;J nfhz;bUe;jNghJ epr;rakhf ePq;fs; cq;fsJ
khiyg;nghOjpYk;> ,utpYk; gpuahzk; nra;J cah;thd my;yh`;tpd; ehl;lk; ,Ug;gpd;
ehisa jpdk; jz;zPh; ,Uf;Fk; ,lj;jpw;F te;J Nrh;tPh;fs; vdf; $wpdhh;fs;. ,ijf;
Nfl;l [dq;fs; xUtiunahUth; ghh;f;fhJ njhlh;e;J elf;f njhlq;fpdh;.
xU rkaj;jpy; ghjp ,uT tiu my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; (thfdj;jpd; kPjpUe;jthNw) nrd;Wnfhz;bUe;jdh;. ehd; mth;fspd;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


tpyhg;gf;fj;jpy; ,Ue;Njd; vdf; fjhjh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ $Wfpwhh;fs;. my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; thfdj;jpd; kPjpUe;jthW cwq;fp jq;fspd;
thfdj;jpypUe;J rhaj;njhlq;fpdh;. mg;NghJ ehd; mth;fs; ghy; te;J> mth;fspd;
J}f;fj;ij fiyj;Jtplhky; jhq;fp gpbj;Njd;> Kbtpy; mth;fs; thfdj;jpd; kPJ rhpahf
mkh;e;Jtpl;ldh;. ,utpd; ngUk;gFjp fle;JtpLk;tiu thfdj;jpd; kPJ mkh;e;jthNw
njhlh;e;jdh;. (J}f;f NkyPl;lhy; kPz;Lk; thfdj;jpd; kPjpUe;J rhaj;njhlq;fpdh;. egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; tpopj;Jf;nfhs;shjthW (kWgbAk;) mth;fis
jhq;fp gpbj;Njd;. ,Wjpapy; jq;fspd; thfdj;jpd; kPJ rhpahf mkh;e;Jtpl;ldh;. mjd;gpwFk;
gpuahzj;ij (mt;thNw) njhlh;e;jdh;. Kbtpy; filrp ,utpd;NghJ Kd;G ,UKiw
rha;e;jij fLikahf tpOe;JtpLk; mstpw;F rha;e;Jtpl;ldh;. mg;NghJ ehd; mth;fs; ghy;
te;J> (Ntfkhf) te;J mth;fis jhq;fp gpbj;jNghJ mth;fs; jq;fsJ jiyia cah;j;jp
(vd;id Nehf;fp) eP ahh;? vdf; Nfl;f ehd; mG+fjhjh vd;W $wpNdd;. vg;NghjpUe;J
,g;gazj;jpy; ePh; vd;NdhL ,Uf;fpwPh; vd;W mth;fs; Nfl;f ,uT KOtJk; vd; gazk;
cq;fNshLjhd; ,Ue;jJ vd;Nwd;. (,ijf; Nfl;l) mth;fs;> my;yh`; cd;id
ghJfhg;ghdhf! vt;thW mtdJ egpia ePh; ghJfhj;jPNwh mJNghd;Nw vd;W $wptpl;L>
ek;ik ePh; ghh;f;fpwPh; my;yth? [dq;fspd; ghh;itapypUe;J ehk; kiwe;jpUf;fpNwhkh?
vd;whh;fs;. mjd;gpd; ahiuNaDk; ePh; ghh;f;fpwPuh? vdf; Nfl;f ,Njh xU thfdf;fhuh;
vd;Nwd;. ,Njh xU ,uz;lhtJ thfdf;fhuh; vd;W Kbtpy; ehq;fs; VONgh; xd;W
Nrh;e;Jtpl;Nlhk;. mjd;gpwF my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;>
ghijapypUe;J efh;e;J thfdj;ijtpl;L ,wq;fp (cwq;Ftjw;fhf) jq;fsJ jiyia
jiuapy; itj;jdh;. mjd;gpwF njhOiff;fhf ek;ik vOg;gp njhOif jg;gptplhJ ghh;j;J
nfhs;Sq;fs; vd;wdh;. (Mdhy; rfyUk; mrjp NkyPl;lhy; cwq;fptpl;ldh;). #hpadpd;
ntg;gk; KJfpy; gl;L Kjypy; vOe;jth;fs; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; Mthh;fs;. ehq;fs; vy;NyhUk; jpLf;fpl;lthW vOe;Njhk;. mjd;gpwF
(thfdq;fspy;) VWq;fs; vd;whh;fs;. ehq;fs; Vwp ele;Njhk;. filrpapy; #hpad;
cah;e;jJk; thfdj;jpypUe;J ,wq;fp gpd; nfhQ;rk; jz;zPUld; vd;dplk; ,Ue;j xSr;
nra;Ak;ghj;jpuj;ij nfhz;LtUkhW Ntz;bdh;. mjpypUe;j jz;zPiu kpff; Fiwthf
cgNahfpj;J xSr; nra;jdh;. ( mjd;gpd;Dk;) mjpy; nfhQ;rk; jz;zPh; kPjk; ,Ue;jJ.
(gpwF) ,e;j xSr; nra;Ak; ghj;jpuj;ij gj;jpukhf itj;Jf;nfhs;Sq;fs;> ,jw;F xU
ngUk; (mjpra) rk;gtk; epfotpUf;fpwJ vd mG+fjhjhtplk; $wpdhh;fs;.
mjd;gpd; gpyhy; mth;fs; njhOiff;F ghq;F $w my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; ,uz;L uf;mj;J njhOJtpl;L (jtwptpl;l) me;j fhiyj;
njhOifia njhOjdh;. (vt;thnwdpy;) xt;nthU ehSk; nra;(njhO)tJ Nghd;Nw
nra;jdh;. mjd;gpd; gpuhazpf;fj; jahuhfp thfdj;jpy; Vwpdh;. (njhlh;e;J) ehq;fSk;
mth;fSld; VwpNdhk;. (gpd;) vq;fspy; rpyhplk; nkJthf ek; njhOif tp\aj;jpy;
Vw;gl;Ltpl;l jtWf;fhd ghpfhuk; vd;d? vd (Ngrpf;nfhz;Nlhk;) vd mG+fjhjh $Wfpwhh;.
(,ij nrtpAw;w egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;) vd;dplj;jpy; cq;fSf;F
Kd;khjphp ,y;iyah? vdf;$wp epr;rakhf J}q;Ftjpy; vt;tpj jtWkpy;iy> jtnwd;gJ
mLj;j njhOifapd; Neuk; tUk;tiu ,j;njhOifia njhOfhkypUg;gNj vdf;$wpdh; vd
mG+fjhjh $wpdhh;. mt;thW xUth; nra;apd; mj;njhOifiag; gw;wp epidTtUk; NghJ
njhOJtplTk; mLj;j ehshf ,Ug;gpd; mj;njhOifapd; Neuj;jpy; njhOJnfhs;sTk;
vd;wdh;.
mjd;gpwF [dq;fs; vy;yhk; tpbfhiyg; nghOij mile;J jq;fsJ egpiaj; Njbdh;.
mg;NghJ my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; cq;fSf;Fg;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


gpd;dhy; ,Uf;fpwhh;fs;. cq;fis tpl;Lr; nry;yf;$bath;fs; my;yh; vd mG+gf;fh;> ckh;
uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh $wpdhh;fs;. (,ijf; $wp Kbj;j cld;) epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; (,Njh) cq;fSf;F vjphpy;jhd;
,Uf;fpwhh;fs;. MfNt mG+gf;fh;> ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh MfpNahhpd; $w;iwf; Nfl;L
mjw;F fPo;gbe;J ,Ug;ghh;fNsahdhy; mth;fs; Neh;top ngw;wpUg;gh; vd [dq;fs; $wpdh;.
mLj;J [dq;fsplk; ehq;fs; te;jile;j NghJ gfy; ePz;L xt;nthU t];JTk;
#lhfptpl;bUe;jJ> (mg;NghJ) mth;fs; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fNs! ehq;fs; mope;Jtpl;Nlhk;. jhfpj;Jtpl;Nlhk; vd;W $wpdh;. (mjw;F
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;) cq;fSf;F moptpy;iy
vdf;$wp vdJ rpwpa ghj;jpuj;ijAk; xSr;nra;Ak; ghj;jpuj;ijAk; nfhz;LtUkhW $wpdh;.
gpd; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; (mjpypUe;J jz;zPiu Cw;wpdhh;fs;.
mG+fjhjh [dq;fSf;F mij gUfr; nra;jhh;. xSr;nra;Ak; ghj;jpuj;jpy; ,Ue;J jz;zPh;
fpilj;Jtpl;lijf; fz;l [dq;fs; (jz;zPh; Fiwthf ,Ug;gjhff; epidj;Jnfhz;L)
mjd;kPJ te;J tpo Muk;gpj;jdh;. (clNd) cq;fspy; xt;nthUtUk; mofhd Kiwapy;
mikjpahf te;J (ghj;jpuq;fis) epug;gpf; nfhs;Sq;fs; ePq;fs; vy;NyhUk; jhfj;ij
jPh;j;Jf; nfhs;tPh;fs; vd;wdh;. ([dq;fSk;) mt;thNw nra;jdh;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; Cw;wpf; nfhz;bUf;f ehd; [dq;fSf;F gUfr;
nra;J nfhz;bUe;Njd; Kbthf ehDk; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fSky;yhJ kw;nwtUk; vQ;rpapUf;ftpy;iy.
mjd;gpd; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; (mj;jz;zPiu)
Cw;wp vd;idg;gUFkhW $wpdhh;fs;. mjw;F ehd;> my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fNs! jhq;fs; gUfhjtiu ehDk; gUfkhl;Nld; vd;Nwd;. (mjw;F)
epr;rakhf [dq;fSf;Fg; gUff; nfhLg;gth; mth;fspy; gUFgth;fspy; filrpahdtuhthh;
vd;whh;fs;. (mijf;Nfl;l) ehd; clNd gUfptpl;Nld;. (gpwF) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSk; gUfpdhh;fs; vd;W $wpdhh;. [dq;fnsy;NyhUk;
jz;zPh; Fbj;J jq;fsJ jhfj;ij jPh;j;Jf; nfhz;Ltpl;L Xa;ntLf;fj; njhlq;fpdh;
vd;gjhf mG+fjhjh $Wfpwhh;. [hkpc k];[pjpy; ,e;jr; nra;jpia [dq;fSf;F ehd;
(mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; ugh`; uspay;yh`{ md;`{) mwptpj;Jf; nfhz;bUe;Njd;. mg;NghJ
,k;uhd; gpd; `{i]d; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs;> thypgNu! ,Njh ghh;> vt;thW (eP)
,J gw;wpr; nrhy;fpwha;> ,e;j ,utpy; thfdj;jpy; ,Ue;jth;fspy; ehDk; xUthdhf
,Ue;Njd; vdf;$wpdhh;.
mjw;F ehd;> ,J rk;ke;jg;gl;l nra;jp gw;wp ePNu (vd;id tpl) kpfj; njhpUe;jpUg;gPh;
vd;Nwd;. mjw;fth;> ePh; ahiur; Nrh;e;jth; vdf;Nfl;lhh;. (mjw;F) md;]hh;fisr;
Nrh;e;jtd; ehd; vd;W $wpNdd;. (mjw;fth;) ePq;fs; jhd; cq;fsJ ,r;nra;jpia gw;wp
kpfj; njhpe;jth;fs; MfNt ePh; mwptpf;fyhk; vd;whh;. (mjd;gpd;) $l;lj;jtUf;F ehd; mJ
gw;wp $wpf;nfhz;bUe;Njd;. mg;NghJ ,k;uhd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; me;j ,utpy;
ehd; mr;rk;gtj;jpy; fye;J nfhz;Nld; cd;idg;Nghy; epr;rakhf NtW vtUk; kddk;
nra;jpUg;ghh; vd;W ehd; epidf;ftpy;iy vdf;$wpdhh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+fjhjh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

xNu cilapy; njhOtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 230

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


xNu cilapy; njhOtJ gw;wp Nfl;gth; xUth; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; Nfl;lhh;. (mjw;F egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
cq;fspy; xt;nthUtUf;Fk; ,U cilfsh?1 vdf;Nfl;ldh; vd mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{
md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.
Fwpg;G : 1 ]`hgh uspay;yh`{ md;`{k; m[;k<d;fspy; mNefhplk; xU cilf;F Nky;
,Ue;jjpy;iy vd;gJk;> xNu cilapy; njhOfyhk; vd;gijAk; ,jd;%yk; tpsf;fpf;
$Wfpwhh;fs;.
`jP]; vz; : 231
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fis xNu ciliaf; nfhz;L
Rw;wpf;nfhz;lth;fshf> mjd; ,U Xuq;fisAk; jq;fspd; Njhy;G[q;fspd; kPJ
itj;jth;fshf (fhl;bathW ,Uf;f) ehd; fz;Nld;> vd ckh;> gpd; mgP]ykh
uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh $Wfpwhh;.

milahskplg;gl;l tphpg;gpy; njhOtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 232
milahsq;fs; ,lg;gl;l> ePz;l NfhLfs; Nghlg;gl;l tphpg;gpy; jkJ njhOifia
epiwNtw;Wtjw;fhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
epd;Wtpl;ldh;. (epd;w gpd;) mjd; milahsq;fis Nehl;lkpl;ldh;. (vdNt) jq;fsJ
njhOifia Kbj;Jf; nfhz;lJNk> mG+[`;k; gpd; `{ijghtpd;ghy; ~milahskplg;gl;l~
,t;tphpg;igf; nfhz;L nry;Yq;fs;. ve;j milahsKk; ,y;yhj tphpg;ig vdf;fhf
nfhz;LthUq;fs; vd;wdh;. epr;rakhf mJ (milahskplg;gl;l tphpg;ghdJ) njhOifapy;
nfhQ;rKd;G vdJ ftdj;ij rpjwbj;J tpl;lJ vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h

ghapd; kPJ njhOtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 233

md]; gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fspd; ghl;bahh; mth;fs;> rikj;j


czitaUe;j (tpUe;jpw;F) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fis mioj;jdh;. egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; (te;J) mjpypUe;J
cz;l gpd; cq;fSf;fhf ehd; njhOif elj;JfpNwd;> vOe;jpUq;fs; vd;whh;fs;.
ePz;l ehl;fs; cgNahfpj;jjhy; fUg;gile;J tpl;l xU <r;rk;ghia vLj;J te;J mjpy;
jz;zPiuj; njspj;J (Rj;jk; nra;J mij tphpj;Njd;) mjd;kPJ my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; epd;wdh;. mth;fSf;Fg;gpd; ehDk;> vjPKk;>
vq;fSf;Fg;gpd; fpotpAk; thpirahf epd;Nwhk; vq;fSf;fhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; ,uz;L ~uf;mj;~ njhOif elj;jptpl;L jpUk;gpr;
nrd;wdh;. ,];`hf; gpd; mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; mgPjy;`h vd;gth; md]; gpd; khypf;
uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mwptpg;gjhf mwptpf;fpwhh;.

~fhyzpfNshL njhOtJ~ gw;wpa ghlk;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


`jP]; vz; : 234
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; ,U fhyzpfNshL
njhof;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jhh;fsh? vd md]; gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fsplk;
Nfl;ljw;F mth; ~Mk;~ vdf;$wpdhh;.
mwptpg;gth; : ]aPJ gpd; a[PJ uspay;yh`{ md;`{

G+kpapy; Kjyhtjhf mikf;fg;gl;l gs;sp vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 235

~my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fNs! Kjyhtjhf mikf;fg;gl;l


gs;sp vJ? vd (mgpjh;U) ehd; Nfl;Nld;. k];[pJy; `uhk; vd;whh;fs;. ~mjd; gpwF vJ?~
vd ehd;~ Nfl;Nld;. ~k];[pJy; mf;]h~ vd;wdh;. ~,U gs;spfspd; mikg;Gf;F
(kj;jpapYs;s fhy) ,ilntsp vt;tsT?~ vdf;Nfl;Nld;. ~ehw;gJ tUlq;fs;~ vd;wdh;.
'G+kpapy; ve;jg;gFjpapy; njhOifia mile;J (mjd; Neuk;) te;J tpl;lhYk;> njhOifia
epiwNtw;wp tpL> mJNt njhOkplkhFk;" vd;wdh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+jh;U uspay;yh`{ md;`{

egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; gs;spia fl;Ljy;


gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 236
epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; kjpdhtpw;F te;J
(kjpdhtpd;) Nkl;Lg;gFjpapy; (,Ue;j) 'gD} mk;U gpd; mt;g;" $l;lj;jpdhpilNa te;jpwq;fp
gjpdhd;F ,uTfs; mth;fSf;F kj;jpapy; jq;fpapUe;jdh;. mjd;gpd; xU J}Jtiu egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; gdpd;d[;[hh; $l;lj;jth;ghy; mDg;gpdh;.
mth;fnsy;NyhUk; jq;fspd; ths;fis Rke;jthW (egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fspd; ,Ug;gplk;) te;jile;jdh;. mr;rkak; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs;> jq;fspd; thfdj;jpd; kPJ mkh;e;jpUf;f> mG+gf;fh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
mth;fs; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F gpd;dhypUf;f> gdpd;d[;[hh;
$l;lj;jhh;fs; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fis #o;e;jpUf;f ,Wjpapy;
(midtUk;) mG+ ma;A+g; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fspd; (tPl;bd;) Kw;wj;jpw;F te;jhh;fs;
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> njhOifapd; Neuk; vq;F
te;Jtpl;lhYk; njhOJ nfhs;thh;fs;. rpy rkak; Ml;Lj; njhOtj;jpYk; ($l)
njhOjpUf;fpwhh;fs;. mjd;gpwF (jhd; xU) gs;spia epWt fl;lisapl;ldh;. mjw;fhfNt
gdpd;d[;[hh; $l;lj;jth;fis mioj;JtUkhW J}jh; xUtiu (egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk;) mth;fs; mDg;g> mth;fSk; te;J Nrh;e;jdh; vd;gjhf mwptpg;ghsh; mwptpf;fpwhh;.
e[;[hhpd; kf;fNs! ,e;j cq;fspd; Njhl;lj;ij vdf;F fpuaj;jpw;F jhUq;fs; vd;wdh;.
(mjw;fth;fs;) ,y;iy> ,jd; fpuaj;ij ehq;fs; my;yh`;it jtpu ahhplKk; Njlkhl;Nlhk;
vd;wdh;. ehd; $wf;$baitfnsy;yhk; mq;Nf (mj;Njhl;lj;jpy;) ,Ue;jd. vd md];
uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;. (mitahnjdpy;) <r;rkuq;fSk; K\;hpf;Ffspd;
fg;WfSk;> rPuw;w jiug;gFjpfSk; ,Ue;jd. MfNt my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; <r;rkuq;fisg;gw;wp fl;lisapl;ldh;. mitfs; ntl;lg;gl;ld.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


K\;hpf;Ffspd; fGWfs; Njhz;lg;gl;ld. rPuw;w gFjpfs; rPh; nra;ag;gl;ld. <r;rkuj;jpd;
fl;ilfs; fl;lg;gLk; fl;blj;jpd; fpg;yhg; gFjpapy; itf;fg;gl;ld. fjTfspd; ,U
Xuq;fSk; fw;fshy; fl;lg;gl;ld.

(,t;Ntiyiaj; njhlq;fp nra;a Muk;gpj;jJk; Nrhh;it Nghf;fpf; nfhs;s Ntz;b)


',ul;rfh! kWikapd; ed;ikapd;wp NtW ed;ik ,y;iy: md;]hh;fSf;Fk;>
K`h[ph;fSf;Fk; eP cjtp Ghpthahf!" vd;w ~hp[;[;~ tiff; ftpia> my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSk;> mth;fSld; ,Uf;f ghbf;nfhz;bUe;jdh;.
mwptpg;gth; : md]; gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

,iwar;rj;jpd; kPJ epWtg;gl;l gs;sp gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 237
vdf;F (mwptpg;gtUf;F) mUfhikapy; mg;Jh;u`;khd; gpd; mgP]aPJ my;Fj;hP nrd;whh;.
,iwar;rj;jpd; kPJ eph;khdpf;fg;gl;Ls;s tp\aj;jpy; ckJ je;ijaplk; vt;thW $wf;
Nfl;Bh;? vd mthplk; Nfl;Nld;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; jq;fsJ kidtpkhh;fspd; rpyhpd; tPl;by; (,Ue;j NghJ) ehd; Eioe;J ~,U
gs;spfspy; ,iwar;rj;jpd; kPJ eph;khdpf;fg;gl;lgs;sp (my;yh`;tpd; $w;Wf;fpzq;f) vJ?~
vdf;Nfl;Nld;. (mjw;fth;fs;) Kd; iffspy; nghbfw;fis vLj;J mij G+kpapd; kPJ
Nghl;Ltpl;L mjd;gpwF mJjhd; ,e;j cq;fSila (kjpdh) gs;sp vdf;$wpdhh;.
',t;thNw ,e;j `jPi] mth; (cd;je;ij) $w ehd; nrtpAw;Nwd; vd epr;rakhf ehd;
rhl;rp $WfpNwd;~" vdf;$wpNdd;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+]ykh gpd; mg;Jh; u`;khd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

kjpdh> kf;fh gs;spapy; njhOtjpd; rpwg;G gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 238
epr;rakhf xU ngz;Zf;F xU rq;flkpUe;jJ> vdf;F ,jpypUe;J my;yh`;
MNuhf;fpaj;ij ey;Fthahdhy; epr;rakhf ehd; igj;Jy;Kfj;j]py; njhONtd;
vdf;$wpdhh;. (my;yh`; mtSf;F MNuhf;fpaj;ij ey;fp) mjpypUe;J ePf;fk; ngw;W
tpl;lhh;. mjd;gpwF (mq;F) Gwg;gl jahuhfp ik%dh mth;fsplk; te;jile;J ]yhk; $wp
mJgw;wpf; $wpdhh;. (mjw;F ik%dh mth;fs;) mkh;e;J ePh; tpUg;gg;gl;lij cz;ZtPuhf!
(cz;lgpd;) u#y; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; gs;spapy; njhOtPuhf fhuzk;
epr;rakhf ehd; 'mg;gs;spapy; xU njhOif> mjy;yhj gs;spfspy; f/ghgs;sp ePq;fyhf
njhOk; Mapuk; njhOiffis tpl kpfr;rpwe;jhFk;" vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wf;Nfl;Nld; vd;wdh;.
mwptpg;gth; : ,g;D mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh

k];[pJ Fghtpw;F te;J mUfpy; njhOtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 239
~my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs; (rpy rkak; thfdj;jpd; kPJ) Vwpath;fshf> my;yJ
ele;jth;fshf ~Fgh~ gs;spf;F te;J mg;gs;spapy; ,uz;L uf; mj; njhof; $bath;fshf

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


,Ue;jhh;fs;~ vd ,g;D> ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.

my;yh`;tpw;fhf ahh; gs;spiaf; fl;bdhNuh mthpd; rpwg;G gw;wpa


ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 240
eprr;akhf cJkhd; gpd; m/g;ghd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; (xU) k];[pij eph;khzpf;f
tpUk;gpdhh;fs;. [dq;fs; mij ntWj;J mjd; epiyapNyNa mij tpl;L tpl tpUk;gpdh;.
mg;NghJ.
~~,iwtDf;fhf ahh; gs;spiaf; fl;LfpwhNuh? mtUf;F ,iwtd; Rtdj;jpy; xU tPl;ilf;
fl;Lfpwhd;~~ vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $w ehd;
nrtpAw;Nwd; vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : k`;%J gpd; ygPj; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

k];[pJfspd; rpwg;G gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 241
'cah;thd my;yh`;Tf;F Ch;fspy; kpf tpUg;gkhd(,lkhd)J mjd; gs;spfshFk;.
cah;thd my;yh`;tpw;F Ch;fspy; kpf ntWg;ghdJ mjd; filj;njUf;fshFk;" vd
epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

k];[pj; (njhOkplq;)fis Nehf;fp mjpf J}uk;(ele;J) nry;tjpd;


rpwg;G gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 242
md;rhh;fspy; xUthpd; tPL kjpdhtpy; mjpf J}uj;jpy; ,Ue;jJ. mth; vy;yh
Neuj;njhOifiaAk; (jtw tpl;L tplhJ) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fSld; njhOgtuhf ,Ue;jhh; mjdhy; mth; rpukg;gLtjhf ehq;fs; fUjp
tUj;jg;gl;Nlhk; vd (mwptpg;ghsh;) $Wfpwhh;.
MfNt ,d;dtNu! Xh; fOijia ePh; thq;fp (mjd; kPJ ePh; rthhp nra;J te;jhy;)
RLkzypd; #l;bypUe;J cdJ fhy;fisAk; ,d;Dk; G+kpapy; Ch;e;J jphpAk; GO> G+r;rp>
tp\[e;Jf;fspd; jPikapypUe;J cd;idAk; fhg;ghw;wpf; nfhs;tha; vd (mwptpg;ghsuhfpa)
ehd; $wpNdd;.
mjw;F mth; egp ; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; tPl;Lf;Fk; vd; tPl;bw;Fk;
fapWfshy; fl;lg;gl;bUf;f Ntz;Lnkd (mjhtJ) mUfpy; vd; tPL ,Uf;f Ntz;Lnkd
ehd; my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! tpUk;gtpy;iy vdf;$wpdhh;. ,jdhy; ngUk;
kdf;f\;lj;jpw;F cs;shd ehd; Kbthf ,ij egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fsplk; te;J $wpNdd;. mtiug;gw;wp ehd; $wpaijf; Nfl;l egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; mtiu mioj;J ,ijg; Nghd;Nw $wpdhh;fs;. (mg;NghJ me;j kdpjh;)
jdJ mbr;RtLfspd; %yk; ew;$ypia MjuT itg;gjhf cWjpahf egp ]y;yy;yh`{

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; $wpdhh;. mjw;fth;fs; epr;rakhf eP fzf;fpl;lJ cdf;F
cz;L vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : cig gpd; fmG uspay;yh`{ md;`{

njhOiff;fhf elg;gjd; %yk; jtWfs; mopf;fg;gLfpwJ mjd;%yk;


juq;fs; cahj;jg;gLfpwJ vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 243
ahh; (xUth;) mtuJ tPl;by; xSr;nra;J tpl;L mjd;gpwF my;yh`;tpd; ,y;yq;fspy;
(gs;spfspy;) xU (gs;spapd;) ,y;yj;jpd;ghy; my;yh`;tpdhy; flikahf;fg;gl;litfspy; xU
flik(ahd njhOif)ia epiwNtw;wr; nry;thuhapd;> mtuJ (,U)1 vl;Lfspy; xd;W
ghtj;ij mopf;fpd;wJ. kw;nwhd;W mtuJ juj;ij cah;j;Jfpd;wJ vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G : 1 K];ypkpy; gpwpnjhU mwptpg;gpy; ',U vl;Lfs;" vdg; gjpthfpAs;sJ.

Jhpjj;ijf; jtph;j;J mikjpahf njhOiff;F tUtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 244
ehq;fs; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSld; njhOJ
nfhz;bUf;ifapy; (mth;fs;) rpy rg;jj;ij nrtpAw;wdh;. njhOifia Kbj;Jf;nfhz;L
cq;fsJ tp\ak; vd;d? (Vd; rg;jkpl;Bh;fs;) vdf;Nfl;lhh;fs;. (mjw;fth;fs;)
njhOiff;F mtrukhf te;Njhk; vd;wdh;. mijf; Nfl;l egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; mt;thW nra;ahjPh;fs;. njhOiff;fhf ePq;fs; te;jhy; mtrpak;
mikjpahf thUq;fs;. vijg; ngw;Wf; nfhz;Bh;fNsh mij (,khKld; Nrh;j;J)
njhOq;fs;. vJ cq;fSf;F Ke;jptpl;lNjh mij (njhlh;e;J) epiwT nra;Aq;fs; vd egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+fjhjh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

ngz;fs; gs;spfSf;F Gwg;gl;L nry;tJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 245
cq;fspy; (ngz;fspy;) ahNuDk; gs;spf;F (njhOf) te;jhy; mts; eWkzj;ij
cgNahfpf;f Ntz;lhk; vd vq;fSf;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs; vd i[dg; mj;jf/gpa;ah uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.

ngz;fs; ntspNaWtjw;F jil gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 246
epr;rakhf ngz;fspd; ,d;iwa epiyia my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; fhz;ghh;fshapd; gs;spf;F tu gD} ,];uNtyh;fspd; ngz;fs;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


jLf;fg;gl;lJ Nghd;W mth;fSf;F jil tpjpj;jpUg;ghh;fs; vd egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fspd; Jiztpahh; Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs; $wpajhf mk;uh
gpd;j; mg;Jh;u`;khd; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.

gD} ,];uNtyh;fspd; ngz;fs; gs;spf;F nry;tjpypUe;J jLf;fg;gl;bUe;jhh;fsh? vd


mk;uhtplk; ehd; Nfl;Nld;. ~Mk;~ vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.

~gs;spapy; Eiofpd;w NghJ $wNtz;baJ~ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 247
cq;fspy; ahNuDk; gs;spapy; Eioe;jhy;> ~my;yh`{k;k/g;j`;yP mg;thg u`;kjp(f;)f~1
vd;Wk; mth; ntspNawpdhy; ~my;yh`{k;k ,d;dP m];mY(f;)f kpd;/gs;yp(f;)f~2 vd;Wk;
$wTk; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{ikj; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ my;yJ mG+ci]j; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G : 1 ah my;yh`;! cdJ mUs;thapy;fis vdf;F jpwe;jUs;thahf. 2 epr;rakhf
cdJ NguUis cd;dplk; ehd; Nfl;fpNwd;.

gs;spapDs; Eioe;jhy; ,uz;L uf;mj;Jfs; njhOJ nfhs;sTk;


vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 248
mG+fjhjh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ Mfpa ehd; gs;spapy; Eioe;j nghOJ my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; eP mkUKd; ,uz;L uf;mj;Jfs; njhOtjpypUe;J
cd;id jLj;jJ vJ? vdf;Nfl;lhh;fs;. (mjw;F) my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fNs! cq;fisAk; [dq;fisAk; mkh;e;jpUf;f fz;Nld; (mjdhy;
ehDk; mkh;e;J nfhz;Nld;) vd ehd; $wpNdd;.
'cq;fspy; ahNuDk; gs;spapDs; Eioe;jhy; ,uz;L uf;mj;Jfs; njhOk;tiu mth; mku
Ntz;lhk;" vd egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+fjhjh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

ghq;F nrhy;yg;gl;lgpd; gs;spapypUe;J ntspNawpr; nry;tJ


jLf;fg;gl;ljhFk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 249
ehq;fs; mG+`{iuuhTld; gs;spapy; mkh;e;jpUe;Njhk;. mg;NghJ ghq;F $Wgth; ghq;F
$wptpl;lhh;. (mjd;gpwF) gs;spapypUe;J xU kdpjh; vOe;J elf;fpd;whh;. mth; ele;J
nry;Yk;NghJ> gs;spapypUe;J mth; ntspNaWk; tiu mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
mth;fspd; ghh;it mtiu njhlh;e;jJ. 'mg;NghJ njhpe;J nfhs;! ,e;j kdpjh; mG+y;
fh]pk; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F khW nra;Jtpl;lhh;" vd
mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+\;\/jhc uspay;yh`{ md;`{

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


gs;spapy; Jg;gpajw;F ghpfhuk; gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 250

'gs;spapy; Jg;GtJ jtwhFk;. mjw;F ghpfhuk; mij kiwg;gjhFk;" vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;


]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : md]; gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

G+z;L rhg;gpLtJ ntWf;fg;gl;lnjd;Wk; mij cz;l gpd; gs;spf;F


tUtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 251
,e;j kuj;(nrbap)jpypUe;J ahh; (G+z;L) rhg;gpl;lhNuh? mth; gs;spf;F tuNtz;lhk; vd
ifgh; rz;ilapy; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : ,g;D ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ kh

ntq;fhak;> G+z;L> ntq;fha ,iy Mfpatw;iw rhg;gpl;lth; gs;spia


jtph;g;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 252
(cq;fspy;) vth; G+z;L my;yJ ntq;fhaj;ij rhg;gpl;lhNuh mth; ek;ikj; jtph;f;fTk;.
mtuJ tPl;bNyNa mth; ,Uf;fTk; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
fPiu tiffs; cs;s fha;fwp epiwe;j xU ghj;jpuk; mth;fsplk; epr;rakhf
nfhz;Ltug;gl;lJ. mjpy; xU tpjkhd thilia czh;e;jhh;fs;. (,J vd;d vdf;)
Nfl;lhh;fs;. mjpypUf;Fk; fPiu tiffisg;gw;wp mth;fSf;F nrhy;yg;gl;lJ.
(mjw;fth;fs;) jdJ Njhoh;fspy; rpyUf;F mij rkPgkhf;Fq;fs; vdf;$wpdh;. mLj;J
mijg;ghh;j;Jtpl;L mij rhg;gpLtij ntWj;jdh;. ePh; mij cz;ZtPuhf. epr;rakhf
ehd;> ePh; NgrhjtNdhL (my;yh`;Tld;) NgRfpNwd; vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : [hgph; gpd; mg;Jy;yh`; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh

ntq;fhak;> nts;isg;G+z;L Mfpatw;wpd; ehw;wk; ahhplk; cs;sNjh


mtiu gs;spapypUe;J ntspNaw;WtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 253
epr;rakhf ckh; gpd; fj;jhG uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs;> [{k;M ehsd;W Fj;gh gpurq;fk;
epfo;j;jpdhh;fs;. (mg;NghJ) egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fis epidT
$wpdhh;fs;. NkYk; mG+gf;fh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fisAk; epidT $wpdhh;fs;. (gpd;)
'epr;rakhf ehd;> xU Nrty; vd;id %d;W Kiw nfhj;jptpl;lJ Nghd;W (fdT)
fz;Nld;"> vd; jtid M[uhfg; NghfpwJ (mjhtJ kuzk; rk;gtpf;f ,Uf;fpwJ)

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


vd;gijj; jtpu NtW vijAk; epr;rakhf (,jd; %yk;) ehd; czutpy;iy vd;W
$wpdhh;fs;. rpy $l;lj;jth;fs; epr;rakhf ehd; vdf;nfhU gpujpepjpia Mf;fNtz;Lnkd
vdf;Ff; fl;lisapLfpwhh;fs;. epr;rakhf kfj;JtKilatDk;> kpifj;jtDkhd my;yh`;>
mtdJ khh;f;fj;ijNah> mtdJ gpujpepjpJtj;ijNah> vjidf;nfhz;L jdJ egpia
mDg;gpitj;jhNdh m(e;j khh;fj;)ijNah tPzhf;fptplf; $batdy;yd;. vd; tp\aj;jpy;
VNjDk; xU fhhpak; (kuzk;) Jhpjkhf Vw;gl;L tpLNkahdhy;> fpyhgj; vd;gJ vth;fisg;
gw;wp my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fs; nghUj;jg;gl;l epiyapy; ,wg;nga;jp cs;shh;fNsh
mj;jifa ,e;j MW egh;fSf;F kj;jpapy; fye;jhNyhrpj;Jr; nra;jyhFk;.
epr;rakhf rpy $l;lj;jth;fs; ,e;jf;fhhpaj;jpy; (gpujpepjpia Njh;njLf;Fk; tp\aj;jpy;)
Fiw $Wfpd;wdh; vd;gij ehd; mwpNtd;. ehd; mth;fis ,];yhj;jpw;fhf ,e;j vd;
ifapdhy; mbj;jpUf;fpNwd;. mth;fs; mijNa nra;thh;fshdhy; mth;fs; my;yh`;tpd;
vjphpfSk;> epuhfhpf;ff; $bath;fSk;> $Ljyhf top nfl;lth;fSkhthh;. mjd; gpwF
fyhyhit tpl kpf Kf;fpakhd xU tp\aj;ij vdf;Fg;gpwF epr;rakhf ehd;
tpl;Litf;ftpy;iy. ve;j xU fhhpaj;jpYk; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; ~fyhyh~ tp\aj;jpy; Nfl;lijf; fhl;bYk; NtW vijAk;
jpUk;gj;jpUk;g ehd; Nfl;ljpy;iy. (my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fSk; ,t;tp\aj;jpy; vt;tsT fLik fhl;bdhh;fNsh mNj Nghd;W NtW ve;j
t];JtpYk; (tp\aj;jpYk;) vd;dplk; mt;tsT fLikahf ele;J nfhs;stpy;iy.
(vJtiunadpy;) vdJ neQ;rpy; jq;fsJ tpuypdhy; Fj;Jk; msTf;F.
ckNu! ~me;ep]h~ mj;jpahj;jpd; filaprpypUf;Fk; ~i]g;~ Maj;J trdk; ckf;Fg;
Nghjhjh? vdf;$wpdh;. epr;rakhf ehd; [Ptpj;jpUg;NgNdahdhy; Fh;Mid Xjj;
njhpe;jtUk;> Fh;Mid Xjj; njhpahjtUk; vij itj;J jPh;g;G toq;FthNuh mNj
jPh;igf;nfhz;L mjpy; ehd; jPh;g;G toq;FNtd;. mjd;gpwF> ,ul;rfh! epr;rakhf ehd;
efuq;fspd; jiyth;fspd; kPJ cd;id ehd; rhl;rp Mf;FfpNwd;. epr;rakhf ehd;
mth;fSf;F me;jj;jiyth;fis mDg;gpanjy;yhk;> mth;fSf;F ePjp toq;Ftjw;fhfj;jhd;.
kdpjh;fSf;F mth;fspd; khh;f;fj;ijAk;> mth;fsJ egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fspd; Rd;dj;ijAk; fw;Wf; nfhLf;f Ntz;bAk;> Nghh;fsj;jpy; fpilj;j nghUs;fis
mth;fSf;F gq;fpl;Lf; nfhLf;fTk;> mth;fSf;F kj;jpapy; cs;s fhhpaq;fspy; Vw;gl;l
rpf;fiy (vOj;J %yk; my;yJ Ms; %yk;) cah;j;jp mjpy; (jPh;g;G) fpilf;fr;
nra;tjw;FNk jhd;.
mjd;gpwF [dq;fNs! epr;rakhf ePq;fs; ,uz;L nrbfis. cz;Zfpd;wPh;fs;.
mt;tpuz;ilAk; nfl;ljhfNt jtpu ehd; fhztpy;iy. (mJ) ,e;j ntq;fhaKk;> G+z;Lk;
jhd; vdf; $wpdhh;fs;. epr;rakhf ehd;> 'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs;> gs;spapy; (ve;j) kdpjhplj;jpyhtJ ,t;tpuz;bd; thilia
fz;Ltpl;lhy;> mtiu gfP/tpd;ghy; ntspNaw;wf; fl;lisapLtij" fz;Nld;. mt;tpuz;ilAk;
ahNuDk; cz;lhy; (Kjypy; rikj;J) m(jd; ehw;wj;)ij rhfbf;f(ePf;f)Tk; vd;wdh;.
mwptpg;gth; : kp/jhd; gpd; mgPjy;`h uspay;yh`{ md;`{ kh

fhzhky; Nghdtw;iwg;gw;wp> gs;spapy; NjLtJ jLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ


vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 254
ahuhtJ xU kdpjh; fhzhky; Nghdijg; gs;spapy; Njlf;Nfl;lhy; mij my;yh`;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


cdf;Fj; jpUg;gpf; nfhLf;fhky; ,Ug;ghdhf! vd Nfs;tpg;gl;lth; $wTk;. epr;rakhf
,jw;fhf gs;spfs; fl;lg;gltpy;iy vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs; vd mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.

kz;ziwfis gs;spfshf Mf;fg;gLtJ jLf;fg;gl;lJ vd;gJ


gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 255
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F (kuzk; ,wf;fp
itf;fg;gl;l NghJ) mth;fs; jkJ Kfj;jpd; kPjpUe;j milahsKs;s Nghh;itia (mfw;wp)
J}f;fp vwpa Muk;gpj;jhh;fs;. mth;fSf;F kdf;ftiy Vw;gl;lhy; mg;Nghh;itia
Kfj;jpypUe;J ePf;fptpl;L 'mJ mt;thW jhd;. A+j fpwp];Jth;fs; kPJ my;yh`;tpd; rhgk;
cz;lhfl;Lk;. mth;fspd; egpkhh;fspd; fg;Ufisj; njhOkplq;fshf Mf;fpf; nfhz;ldh;"
vdf;$wp (,jd; %yk;) mth;fs; nra;j nray; Nghd;wij (r%fj;jth;fl;F) vr;rhpf;if
nra;fpwhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h> mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

fg;Ufspd; kPJ gs;spfs; fl;LtJ jLf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gJ gw;wpa


ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 256
epr;rakhf ck;K `gPghTk;> ck;K]ykh uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh ,UtUk; my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; cUtg;glk; epiwe;j fpwp];Jt Nfhapy;
xd;iw mgp]Pdpahtpy; ghh;j;Jtpl;L te;jijg;gw;wp $wpdh;. mjw;F my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;>
'epr;rakhf mth;fs;. mth;fspy; ey;y kdpjh; xUth; ,Ue;J> mth; ,wg;nga;jptpl;lhy;.
mtuJ kz;ziwapd; kPJ gs;spiaf; fl;btpl;L me;j cUtq;fis mjpNy tiue;J tpLth;.
mth;fs; jhd; kWik ehspd; NghJ fz;zpaKk; kfj;JtKk; nghUe;jpa my;yh`;tplk;
rpU\;bfspNyNa nfl;lth;fshth;fs;" vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h

G+kpia vdf;F njhOkplkhfTk; Rj;jkhdjhfTk; (Rj;jk; nra;a


cgNahf;fpg;gLk; rhjdkhfTk;) Mf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gJ gw;wpa
ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 257
'(kw;w) egpkhh;fis tpl MW tp\aq;fisf; nfhz;L ehd; rpwg;gpf;fg;glLs;Nsd;.
thf;fpaq;fspd; RUf;fq;fis ehd; nfhLf;fg;gl;Ls;Nsd;. gaj;ijf; nfhz;L cjtpaspf;fg;
gl;Ls;Nsd;. Nghh;fsj;jpy; fpilj;j nghUl;fs; vdf;F MFkhf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. G+kpia
vdf;F Rj;jkhdjhfTk; njhOkplkhfTk; Mf;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. rpU\;bfs; midthpd; ghYk;
ehd; J}juhf mDg;gg;gl;Ls;Nsd;. vd; %yk; egpkhh;fs; ,Wjpahf;fg;gl;lhh;fs;" vd
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

njhOgth; vijkiwg;ghf itj;Jf;nfhs;thNuh mjd; msT gw;wpa


ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 258
cq;fspy; ahNuDk; njhOiff;Fj; jahuhdhy; thfdj;jpd; filrpapy; ,Ug;gijg; Nghd;W
mtUf;F Kd;G ,Uf;FNkahdhy; mij epr;rakhf mth; kiwg;ghf Mf;fpf;nfhs;th;.
thfdj;jpd; filrpapypUg;gijg;1 Nghd;W mtUf;F Kd;dhy; kiwg;ghf Mf;fg;glhtpl;lhy;
mtUf;F Kd;dhy; fOij> ngz;> fUg;G epwKs;s eha; Mfpait mtuJ njhOifia
nfLj;J tpLth;. mG+jh;Nu! Rptg;G eha;> kQ;rs; eha; Mfpatw;iw tpl fUg;G ehapd;
rkhr;rhuk; vd;d? (Vd; mt;thW nrhy;fpwPh;fs;?) vd ehd; Nfl;Nld;. (mjw;fth;) eP
Nfl;lJ Nghd;Nw my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; ehd;
Nfl;Nld;. mjw;fth;fs; 'fWg;G eha; i\j;jhdhFk; vdf; $wpdhh;fs;" vd;wdh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+jh;U uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G : 1. xl;lfj;jpd; kPJ mkUk; NghJ gpbj;Jf; nfhs;tjw;fhf xU Fr;rp gpd;gFjpapy;
fl;lg;gl;bUf;Fk;. mij jhd; ,q;F Fwpg;gplg;gLfpwJ. mij msit fhz;gpf;Fk; epkpj;jk;
$Wfpwhh;fs; vd;gij ftdj;jpy; nfhs;f.
njhOgtUf;F Kd;G ele;J nry;Nthhpd; nraypy; ,Ue;J mg;ngUq;Fw;wj;jpypUe;J
fhg;ghw;wpf; nfhs;s njhOgth; jdf;F Kd; xU kiwg;ig itj;Jf; nfhs;tij egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; fl;lahkhf;fp cs;sdh;.

kiwg;gpw;F rkPgkhf ,Ug;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 259
'my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; njhOfpd;w ,lj;jpw;Fk;>
Rtw;Wf;Fk; kj;jpapy; xU ML ele;J nry;Yk; mstpw;F ,ilntsp ,Ue;jJ" vd ]`;y;
m];]hapjP uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.

njhOgtUf;F Kd;dhy; FWf;Nf gLj;Jf; nfhs;Sjy; gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 260
(njhOifia eha;> fOij> ngz; MfpNahh; (Kd; nry;tjhy;) nfLj;J tpLfpd;wdh; vd
Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fsplk; $wg;gl;lJ) mjw;fth;fs; 'vq;fis fOijf;Fk;
eha;f;Fk; xg;ghf;fptpl;Bh;fs;" vdf;$wptpl;L my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;Fk;> fpg;yhtpw;Fk; ,ilapy; ehd; fl;bypd; kPJ
FWf;f gLj;jpUe;j1 epiyapy; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fisj; njhOf epr;rakhf ehd; fz;bUf;fpNwd;~"
'vdf;F VJk; Njit Njhd;Wk; NghJ> mjd;gpwF ehd; mq;F mkh;e;jpUg;gijAk;> mjdhy;
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fis ehd; rq;lg;gLj;jp
tpLtijAk;> tpl;L ntWj;J (me;j) fl;bypd; ,U fhy;fSf;F kj;jpapy; Eioe;J ntspNawp
tpLNtd;" vd Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


mwptpg;gth; : Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h
Fwpg;G : 1 njhOgtUf;F Kd;G Mz; ngz; gLj;jpUe;jhy; mJ njhOiff;F vt;tpj ,lWk;
nra;tjpy;iy vd;gijAk; ,e;j `jP]; njspTgLj;JfpwJ

fpg;yhit Kd;Ndhf;f Ntz;Lk;


`jP]; vz; : 261
epr;rakhf xU kdpjh; gs;spapy; Eioe;J njhOjhh;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; (gs;spapy;) xU Xuj;jpy; mq;Nf ,Ue;jdh;. 'njhOiff;fhf eP
jahuhfp tpl;lhy; xSit epiwthf nra;J nfhs;. mjd;gpwF fpg;yhit Kd;Ndhf;fp epd;W
(my;yh`{ mf;gh; vd;W) jf;gPh; $Wthahf" vd;w tp\aKk; mjpy; cs;sJ.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G : fpg;yhit fz;bg;ghf Kd;Ndhf;fpj;jhd; njhoNtz;Lk; vd;gij ,e;j `jP]py;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; njspTgLj;jpAs;shh;fs;.
/gh;shd njhOifia epiwNtw;Wk; rkak; ~fpg;yh gf;fk; fz;bg;ghf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;.
egpyhdtw;iw thfdq;fspy; epiwNtw;w Neh;e;jhy; vj;jpirapy; thfdk; nry;fpwNjh
mj;jpirapy; Nehf;fp njhOtJ MFk;.

\hk; Njrj;jpd; ghy; Kd;Ndhf;Ftij jtph;j;J f/ghtpd; ghy;


fpg;yhit khw;Wjy; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 262
'ePq;fs; vq;fpUg;gpDk; cq;fs; Kfq;fis mjd; (k];[pJy; `uhkpd;) ghy; jpUg;Gq;fs;"
vd;w ~my;gfuh~ mj;jpahj;jpy; cs;s trdk; ,wq;Fk; tiu gjpdhW khjq;fs; igj;Jy;
Kfj;j]pd;ghy; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSld; ehd; njhOJ te;Njd;.
(Nkw;$wg;gl;l trdk;) egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; njhOj gpwF
,wq;fpw;W. (MfNt) mf;$l;lj;jpypUe;j xU kdpjh; (mq;fpUe;J) ele;jhh;. (tUk; topapy;)
md;]hh;fspy; rpy kdpjh;fs; ,Ue;j ,lj;jpw;F> mUfhikapy; nrd;wile;jhh; (mg;NghJ)
mth;fs; njhOJ nfhz;bUe;jdh;. (fpg;yh khw;wg;gl;L tpl;l) mr;nra;jpia mth;fSf;Fj;
njhptpj;jhh;. (mij nrtpAw;wJNk) mth;fsJ Kfq;fis (my;yh`;tpd;) tPl;bd;ghy;
mth;fs; jpUg;gpf; nfhz;ldh; vd my;guh cgpd; M[pg; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ $Wfpwhh;.
mwptpg;gth; : my;guhc gpd; M[pg; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

~njhOiff;fhf ~,fhkj;J~ nrhy;yg;gl;lhy; me;j flikahf;fg;gl;l


njhOifiaj; jtpu NtW njhOif ,y;iy (fpilahJ)~ vd;gJ
gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 263
njhOifff;fhf ,fhkj;J nrhy;yg;gl;Ltpl;lhy; (ve;j) /gh;shd njhOiff;fhf ,fhkj;J
nrhy;yg;gl;L tpl;lNjh mijj;jtpu (NtW) njhOif ,y;iy vd egp ]y;yy;yh`{

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpajhf mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs;
$Wfpwhh;fs;.

,fhkj;J nrhy;yg;gl;Ltpl;lhy; vg;NghJ [dq;fs; njhOiff;fhf


vOe;jpUf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 264
'njhOiff;fhf ,fhkj;J nrhy;yg;gl;Ltpl;lhy; vd;idg; ghh;f;fpd;wtiu ePq;fs; (vOe;J)
epw;f Ntz;lhk;" vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+f(j;)jhjh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

,khk; ntsp(Gw)gl;Ltpl;lhy; njhOiff;F ~,fhkj;J~


$wNtz;Lnkd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 265
#hpad; cr;rpapypUe;J rha;e;Jtpl;lhy; gpyhy; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; ghq;F
$Wthh;fs;. egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; (jq;fsJ tPl;bypUe;J) Gwg;gl;L
tUk; tiu ~,fhkj;J~ $w khl;lhh;. MfNt egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
ntspg;gl;Ltpl;lij mth;(gpyhy; uspay;yh`{ md;`{) ghh;j;Jtpl;l rkaj;jpy;-(gpwFjhd;) -
njhOiff;fhf ~,fhkj;J~ nrhy;yp tpLthh;.
mwptpg;gth; : [hgph; gpd; ]k;uh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

,fhkj;J nrhy;yg;gl;l gpwF ,khk; Fspg;gjw;fhf ntspNawpr;


nry;Yjy; gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 266
njhOiff;fhf ~,fhkj;J~ nrhy;yg;gl;Ltpl;lJ my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; vq;fspd; ghy; ntspg;gl;L tUtjw;F Kd;G (njhOiff;F) thpirfis
(]/Gfis) ehq;fs; rhpgLj;jpf; nfhz;L epd;W tpl;Nlhk;. (mg;NghJ my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; te;J jf;gPh; $Wtjw;F Kd;G jq;fSf;Fhpa
njhOk; ,lj;jpy; epd;W tpl;lJk; (Fspg;G mtrpak; vd;gij) epidT $wptpl;L jpUk;gpr;
nrd;wdh;. (vq;fisg;ghh;j;J) ~cq;fs; ,lq;fspNyNa ePq;fs; ,Uq;fs;~ vd vq;fSf;F
$wpdh;. (MfNt) vq;fspd; ghy; mth;fs; (kPz;Lk;) ntspg;gl;L tUk;tiu ehq;fs;
epd;wth;fshf mth;fis vjph;ghh;j;J nfhz;bUe;Njhk; mth;fs; cWjpahfNt Fspj;Jtpl;L
(egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;) mth;fspd; jiyapypUe;J ePh; nrhl;lr;nrhl;l
(te;J) ~jf;gPh;~ $wp vq;fSf;F njhOif elj;jpdh;.
~~(,e;j `jPi]) mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fsplkpUe;J Nfl;ljhf mwptpg;gth;
mG+]yhkh gpd; mg;Jh;u`;khd; gpd; mt;/g; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh

thpirfis (]/Gfis) rhpahf (Neuhf) Mf;fpf;nfhs;tJ gw;wpa


ghlk;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


`jP]; vz; : 267
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; njhOif(f;F epw;if)apy;
vq;fsJ Njhs;G[q;fis jltptpl;L> 'rhpahf;fpf; nfhs;Sq;fs;> tpj;jpahrg; glhjPh;fs;!
(tpj;jpahrg;gLtPh;fNsahdhy;)> cq;fsJ cs;sq;fs; tpj;jpahrg;gl;LtpLk;. cq;fspy;
mwpTilNahh; njspTilNahh; vd;id mLj;J epw;fl;Lk;. mijaLj;j jFjpapypUg;gth;fs;">
gpwF mijnaLj;j jFjpapypUg;gth;fs; vd egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
$wpajhf $wptpl;L mG+ k];CJ uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs;: ',d;W ePq;fs; fLk;
NtWghl;by; ,Uf;fpwPh;fs;" vdf;$wpdhh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+ k];CJ uspay;yh`{ md;`{

Kjy; thpirapd; rpwg;G gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 268
njhOifapd; miog;gpYk;> Kjy; thpirapYk; (fpilf;Fk; rpwg;Gfis) kdpjh;fs; mwpe;J
nfhs;thh;fNsahdhy; mjd;gpwF mjw;fhf rPl;Lg; NghLtij jtpu NtW topiaf;
fhzkhl;lhh;fs;> (MfNt) mjw;fhf rPl;Lg;NghLthh;fs;. Kd;dhy; Ke;jpa Neuj;jpy;
tUtjd; (gyid) kf;fs; mwpe;jhy; mjd;ghy; Ke;jptpLthh;fs;. ,\hj; njhOifapYk;
]{G`{j; njhOifapYk; (fpilf;Fk; ed;ikfis) mth;fs; mwpthh;fNsahdhy;> mt;tpU
njhOif(ia epiwNtw;Wtjw;)f;fhf elf;f ,ayhjth;fs; mth;fsJ iffs;> fhy;fspy;>
my;yJ gpd;ghfj;jpy; efh;e;jth;fshf tUth; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 269
'Mz;fspd; (]/g;G) thpirfspy; rpwg;Gf;FhpaJ> mtw;wpy; KjyhtjhFk;. mtw;wpy; nfl;lJ
filrpahFk;. ngz;fspd; (]/g;G) thpirfspy; rpwg;GilaJ mtw;wpy; filrpahdjhFk;.
me;j thpirfspy; nfl;lJ KjhytjhFk;" vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G : 1 ]/g;G epw;fpd;w NghJ Kjypy; Mlth;fSk;> mijaLj;J rpWth;fSk;> mjd;gpwF
ngz;fSk; epw;f Ntz;Lk; ,t;thWjhd; epd;W te;jhh;fs;. ,e;j mbg;gilapy; jhd;
Mlth;fspd; thpirfspy; KjyhtJk;> ngz;fs; thpirapy; Mff;filrpAk; rpwg;Gf;FhpaJ
vdf;$Wfpwhh;fs;. Mz;fs; thpirapd; filrpf;F mg;ghy; ngz;fs; thpirapd; Kjy; gFjp
njhlq;fp tpLfpwJ. mq;Nf jPikfs; cUthf tha;g;Gfs; ,Uf;fpwJ vd;w mbg;gilapy;
jhd; Mz;fspd; filrp ]/g;Gk; ngz;fspd; Ke;jpa ]/g;Gk; jPaJ vdf;Fwpg;gpLfpwhh;fs;.

xt;nthU njhOifapd; NghJk; ~kp];thf;F~ nra;tJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 270
'tpRthrpfSf;F rpukk; Vw;gLk; vd;W fUjpapUf;fhtpby; ([{i`hpd; `jP]py; vdJ vd
te;Js;sJ) xt;nthU njhOifapd; NghJk; kp];thf;Fr; nra;A (gy;Jyf;F) khW
mth;fSf;F ehd; fl;lisapl;bUg;Ngd;" vd egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


$wpajhf mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.
Fwpg;G : `jP]py; $wg;gl;l ~~rpthf;~~ vDk; thh;j;ij-rh(f;)f- Nja;j;jhd; vDk;
Kyg;gjj;jpypUe;J te;jjhFk;. gy;ypd; mOf;if ePf;Ftjw;fhf cgNahfg;gLj;jg;gLk;
Fr;rpNah> my;yJ mJ Nghd;w rhjdq;fNs ~kp];thf;~ MFk;. kp];thf;Fr; Fr;rp vd
kf;fshy; mwpag;gl;bUf;Fk; mf;Fr;rpapdhy; gy;Jyf;FtJ tpUk;gj;jf;fjhFk;. mjy;yhj
NtW tif Fr;rpapdhy;> tpuyhy; gy;Jyf;FtJ mDkjpf;fg;gl;ljhFk;. Mf gy;Jyf;FtJ
Fwpg;ghf mf;Fr;rpapdhy; gy; Jyf;FtJ egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fshy;
kpff;$Ljyhd Neuq;fspy; nra;ag;gl;L te;j ,iwtDf;F kpf tpUg;gkhd rhpahd xU
nrayhFk;. MfNt egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; kpf tpUk;gp nra;j
mr;nraiy ehKk; tpUg;gj;Jld; nra;a me;j my;yh`;Nt ekf;F ey;Yjtpia ey;Fthdhf!
MkPd;.
Nkw;$wg;gl;l `jP]py; ~~xt;nthU njhOifapd; NghJk;~~ vd;w thrfk; ,lk; ngw;Ws;sJ.
Gfhhpapy; ~xt;nthU xStpd; NghJk;~ vd;w thh;j;ij gjpthfpAs;sJ. `{ijgh
uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fspd; mwptpg;G K];tpkpy; gjpthfpAs;sJ. ,g;D mg;gh];
uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fspd; mwptpg;gpy; kp];thf;fpdhy; gy;Jyf;fptpl;L gpwF
cSr;nra;jdh; vd;gJk; K];ypkpy; gjpthfpAs;sJ. ,itahTk; xStpd; NghJ jhd;>
vd;gij ekf;F njspTgLj;jpf; nfhz;bUf;fpwJ. MfNt xStpd; NghJ kp]thf;r; nra;jJ
NghyNt xt;nthU njhOifapd; NghJ kp];thf;r; nra;tij FiwfhDtNjh mij
mRj;jkhf fUJtNjh my;yJ mt;thwpy;iy vdf;$WtNjh egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; tplhJ nra;J te;j nraYf;F khw;wkhdjhFk; vd;gij thrfh;fspd;
ftdj;jpw;F itf;fpNwhk;.

njhOifapy; Eiofpd;w NghJ $Wtjpd; rpwg;G gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 271
xU kdpjh; te;J thpirapy; (]/g;gpy;) Eioe;jhh; mtUf;F %r;R jpzwpaJ mg;Nghjth;>
'my;`k;J ypy;yh`p `k;jd; f]Pud; ja;apgd; Kghuf;fd; /gP`p"> vdf;$wptpl;lhh;.
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> jq;fsJ njhOifia
Kbj;Jf; nfhz;L> rpy thh;j;ijfis cq;fspy; $wpath; ahh;? vdf;Nfl;ldh; (mq;fpUe;j)
$l;lj;jpdh; (ahUk;) Ngrtpy;iy. (MfNt ,uz;lhtJ Kiwahf) mt;thh;j;ijfis
$wpath; ahh;? mth; jtwhf vijAk; $wptpltpy;iy vdf;$wpdh;. (mijf;Nfl;l) xU
kdpjh; ehd; njhOiff;F te;Njd;> vdf;F %r;R Kl;baJ> MfNt mij ehd; $wpNdd;
vd;whh;. mjw;F (my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;:
gd;dpnuz;L kyf;Ffs;-mth;fspy; ahh; mij (my;yh`;tpd; re;epjhdj;jpd; ghy;)
cah;j;JtJ? vd;W Nghl;bapl;Lf; nfhz;L nrd;wij epr;rakhf ehd; fz;Nld;
vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : md]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

njhOifapy; ,U iffisAk; cah;j;JtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 272
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; njhOiff;fhf (jahuhfp)
epd;W tpl;lhy; jq;fsJ ,U iffisAk; ,U Njhy;G[q;fSf;F rkkhf ,Uf;Fk; tiu

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


cah;j;jptpl;L> mjd;gpwF ~jf;gPh;~ $Wthh;fs; (mLj;J) ~U$c~ nra;a
ehLthh;fNsahdhy;> mJ Nghd;Nw nra;thh;fs;. UctpypUe;J epkph;thh;fNsahdhy; mJ
Nghd;Nw nra;thh;fs;. ~]{[{jp~ ypUe;J jiyia cah;j;j $ba rkaj;jpy; mijr;
nra;akhl;lhh;fs; vd ,g;D> ckh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.

vijf; nfhz;L njhOifia Muk;gpf;fg;glTk;> Kbf;fg;glTk;


Ntz;LNkh? mJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 273
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; jf;gPiuf; nfhz;Lk;
'my;`k;J ypy;yh`p ug;gpy; Mykpd;" vd XJtJ nfhz;Lk;> njhOifia Muk;gpf;ff;
$bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh;. egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; U$c
nra;thh;fshapd;> jq;fsJ jiyia cah;j;jNth jho;j;jNth khl;lhh;fs;. mt;tpU
epiyfSf;Fk; kj;jpapy; (jiyia ,Uf;fr; nra;thh;fs;) ~U$c~ tpypUe;J jq;fsJ
jiyia cah;j;Jthh;fshapd> rhpahf (epiyapy;) epw;Fk; tiu ~][;jh~ nra;a(r; nry;y)
khl;lhh;fs;. egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; ~][;jh~ tpypUe;J jq;fsJ
jiyia cah;j;Jthh;fshapd;> rhpahf mkUk; tiu (,uz;lhtJ) ~][;jh~itr;
nra;akhl;lhh;fs;. xt;nthU ,uz;L ~uf; mj;~jpYk; mj;j`pa;ahj;~ij Xjf;$bath;fshf
,Ue;jdh;. egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsJ ,lJ fhiy tphpj;J
itf;f$bath;fshfTk;> tyJ fhiy el;L itf;f$bath;fshfTk; ,Ue;jdh;.
1
i\j;jhdpd; ,Ug;gpypUe;J jLf;ff;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh;. fPwpf; fpopj;J jpz;Zk;
tdtpyq;Ffs; Nghd;W xU kdpjh; jdJ nfhlq;fis tphpg;gij tpl;Lk; jLf;ff;
$bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh;. egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; jq;fsJ
njhOif(fis)ia ~j];yPik~ (m];]yhK miyf;Fk; tu`;kj; Jy;yh`p> vdf;$wp)
nfhz;L Kbf;ff; $bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh;. vd Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h $Wfpwhh;fs;.
Fwpg;G : gpd;gFjpia jiuapy; itj;J> ,U nfz;il fhy;fisAk; el;litj;J> ,U
iffisAk; Kd;dhy; Cd;wpf; nfhs;tJ.

njhOifapy; jf;gPh; $WtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 274
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; njhOiff;fhf jauhfp
tpl;lhy;> epiyapy; epw;fpd;w rkaj;jpy; ~jf;gPh;~ $Wthh;fs;. mjd;gpwF ~~U$c~~ nra;Ak;
nghOJ ~]kp my;yh`{ypkd; `kpj`;~ vdf;$Wthh;fs;. mjd;gpwF epd;w epiyapy; ~ug;dh
ty(f;)fy; `k;J~ vdf;$Wthh;fs;. mjd;gpwF ~][;jh~tpw;F nry;Yk; rkaj;jpy; ~jf;gPh;~
$Wthh;fs;. mjd;gpwF (][;jhtpypUe;J) jq;fsJ jiyia cah;j;Jk; rkaj;jpy; ~jf;gPh;~
$Wthh;fs;. mjd;gpwF (,uz;lhtJ ][;jhtpypUe;J) jiyia cah;j;Jk; rkaj;jpy;
~jf;gPh;~ $Wthh;fs;. mJ Nghd;Nw njhOifia Kbf;Fk; tiu vy;yhj; njhOif
(uf;mj;)fspYk; nra;thh;fs;.
,uz;lhtJ uf;mj;jpy; mkh;e;j gpwF vOe;jpUf;Fk; rkaj;jpy; ~jf;gPh;~ $Wthh;fs;. vd
mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpj;J tpl;L (mjd;gpd;dh;) 'epr;rakhf ehd;
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; njhOiff;F xg;ghd
(njhOif mijg;Nghd;w)ij cq;fSf;F nra;J fhl;batdhf ,Uf;fpNwd;." (cq;fsJ
njhOiffis tpl vd; njhOif my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


mth;fspd; njhOiff;F kpf xg;ghf-mijg;Nghd;wjhfNt-cs;sJ) vd mG+`{iuuh
uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.

jf;gPiuf; nfhz;Lk;> kw;w nray;fisf; nfhz;Lk;> ,khiktpl


Ke;jpr; nry;tJ jLf;fg;gl;ljhFk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 275
,khik (tpl) Ke;jpr; nry;yhjPh;fs;. (MfNt)> mth; jf;gPH $wpdhy; ePq;fSk; jf;gPH
$Wq;fs; 'tys;shy;yPd;" vd mth; $wpdhy; (ePq;fs;) ~MkPd;~ vdf;$Wq;fs; mth;
~U$c~ nra;jhy; ePq;fSk; ~U$c~ nra;Aq;fs; vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; vq;fSf;F (khh;f;f tp\aq;fis nry;yp) fw;Wj;
juf;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

~k/Kk;~ (njhOif elj;Jk;) ,khikj;(gpd;) njhlh;jy; gw;wpa


ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 276
FjpiuapypUe;J egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; (xU Kiw) tpOe;J
tpl;lhh;fs;. mth;fsJ tyJ ghjj;jpd; Njhypy; mbg;gl;L fPuy; Vw;gl;L tpl;lJ. mth;fis
eyk; tprhhpf;f Eioe;Njhk;. mg;NghJ njhOif Neuk; te;Jtpl;lJ. mkh;e;jthNu (egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;) vq;fSf;F njhOif elj;jpdhh;fs;.
mth;fSf;F gpd;dhy; ehq;fSk; mkh;e;jthNu njhONjhk;. njhOifia mth;fs;
Kbj;Jf;nfhz;L ',khk; Mf;f(epakpf;f)g;gl;lJ> mtiu gpd; njhlug;gLtjw;fhfj;jhd;.
MfNt> mth; ~jf;gPh;~ $wpdhy; ePq;fSk; ~jf;gPh;~ $Wq;fs;. mth; ~][;jh~ nra;jhy;
ePq;fSk; ~][;jh~ nra;Aq;fs;. mth; (U$tpypUe;J) epkph;e;jhy; ePq;fSk; epkpUq;fs;. ~]kp
my;yh`{ ypkd; `kpj`;> vd mth; $wpdhy; ePq;fs; ~ug;gdhty(f;)fy; `k;J~
vdf;$Wq;fs;. ~mth; mkh;e;J njhOjhy; ePq;fsidtUk; mkh;e;Nj njhOq;fs;~
vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : md]; gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

,Uiffspy; xU ifia kW ifapd; kPJ njhOifapy; itg;gJ


gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 277

njhOifapy; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; Eioe;j (Muk;gpj;j) NghJ


jq;fsJ ,Ufuq;fisAk; cah;j;jpf; ~jf;gPh;~ $wpdh;. (`k;khk; vd;gth;> 'jq;fsJ ,U
fhJfSf;F Neuhf" vdf;$Wfpwhh;) mjd;gpwF jq;fsJ Jzpiaf;nfhz;L Nghh;j;jpf;
nfhz;ldh;. mjd;gpwF tyf;fuj;ij ,lf;fuj;jpd; kPJ itj;jdh;. ~U$c~ nra;a mth;fs;
ehba NghJ jq;fsJ ,U fuq;fisAk; Jzpf;Fs;spypUe;J ntspg;gLj;jp> gpwF
mt;tpuz;ilAk; mth;fs; cah;j;jp> mjd;gpwF jf;gPh; $wp ~U$c~ nra;jdh;. ~]kp
my;yh`{ ypkd; `kpj`;> vdf;$wpa NghJ jq;fsJ ,Ufuq;fisAk; cah;j;jpdh;.
(mijaLj;J) ~][;jh~ nra;jnghOJ jq;fsJ ,UKd;iffSf;F kj;jpapy; ][;jh

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


nra;jdh;. (,t;thW egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;) mth;fs; nra;a- thapy; gpd;
`{[;h; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; fz;ljhf mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.

jf;gPUf;Fk;> fpuhmj;Jf;Fk; ,ilapy; nrhy;yg;gL(JM $W)tJ


gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 278
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; njhOiff;fhf epd;whh;fs;>
't[;[`;j;J t[;`pa tpy;yjP/gju];]kh th(j;)jp ty; mh;s `dP/gd; tkh md kpdy;
K\;hp(f;)fpd;"> ',d;d]yhj;jP> tE]{f;fP> tk`;aha> tkkhj;jP ypy;yh`p ug;gpy; MykPd;.
yh\hpf;fy`{ tgpjhypf;f ckph;j;J tmd kpdy; K];ypkPd;. my;yh`{k;k md;(j;)jy;
kyp(f;)F yh,yh` ,y;yh md;(j;)j> md;(j;)j ug;gP> tmd mg;J(f;)f syk;(j;)J e/gP]P
t/ju/g;j;J gpjd;gP g/gph;yP JD}gP> [kPmd;> ,d;d`{ yha/gpj;JD}g ,y;yh md;(j;)j
t`;jpdP yp m`;]dpy; mf;yh(f;)fp yha`;jP yp m`;]dp`h ,y;yh md;(j;)j t];hp/g;
md;dP ]a;ap m`h yha];hp/g; md;dP ]a;apm`h ,y;yh md;(j;)j yg;ig(f;)f
t]mij(f;)f ty;ifU Fy;Y`{ /gP aij(f;)f> t\;\h;U iyr ,iy(f;)f md gp(f;)f
t,iy(f;)f jghuf;j tjMiy(j;)j m];j/gpU(f;)f tm(j;)J}G ,iyf;f"
vdf;$Wthh;fs;.
mLj;J U$c nra;thh;fNshahdhy; 'my;y`{k;k y(f;)f u(f;)f/j;J tgp(f;)f Mkd(j;)J
ty(f;)f m];yk;(j;)J> f\my(f;)f ]k;<> tg]hP> tKf;fP tms;kP tm]gP"
vdf;$Wthh;fs;. (U$tpypUe;J) caUthh;fshdhy; 'my;y`{k;k ug;gdh y(f;)fy;`k;J>
kpy;m];]khth(j;)jp tkpy;my;mh;sp> tkpy;m khigd`{kh> tkpy;m kh \p/(j;)j kpd;
i\,d; gmJ~~ vdf;$Wthh;fs;. mLj;J ~][;jh~ nra;thh;fNsahdhy; ~~my;yh`{k;k
y(f;)f ][j;J> tgp(f;)f Mkd;(j;)J> ty(f;)f m];yk;(j;)J> ][j t[;`Pypy;yjP
fyf;f`{ t]t;tu`{> t\f;f \k;m`{> tg]u`{> jghuf;fy;yh`{> m`;]Dy; fhypfPd;~~
mjd;gpwF mj;j`pahj;jpw;Fk; ]yhk; nfhLg;gjw;Fk; kj;jpapy; my;yh`{k;k/gph;yP
khfj;jk;(j;)J tkh mf;fh;j;J tkh m];uh;(j;)J tkh m/yd;(j;)J tkh m];ug;(j;)J tkh
md;(j;)j m/yK gp`P kpd;dP> md;(j;)jy; Kfj;jpK> tmd;(j;)jy; Kmf;fpU> yh,yh`
,y;yh md;(j;)j~~ vdf;$Wthh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mypgpd; mG+jhypg; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
,dpnahU mwptpg;gpy;> my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
njhOifia Muk;gpj;jhy; ~jf;gPh;~ $wptpl;L mjd;gpwF ~~t[;[`;j;J t[;`pa~~ vd
njhlq;fp ,Wjptiuf; $Wthh;fs; vd te;Js;sJ.
Fwpg;G : jf;gPUf;Fg; gpwF njhOifia Muk;gpf;f egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fs; xUrpy JMf;fis XjpAs;shh;fs;. mjpy; ,JTk; xd;W. ,e;j ePz;l JMit
,uTj; njhOifapy; Xjpdhh;fs; vd;W K];ypkpy; gjpthfpAs;sJ. ~,uTj;njhOif~ vDk;
thh;j;ij /gh;sy;yhj njhOifapy; ,ij Xjpdhh;fs; vd;gij ekf;Fj; njspTgLj;JfpwJ.

~gp];kpy;yh`ph;u`;khdph;u`Pk;~ vd;gij cuf;ff; $Wtij


tpl;LtpLjy; gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 279

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fSld; mG+gf;U> ckh;> c];khd; (uspay;yh`{ md;`{k; m[;k<d;)
MfpNahUlDk; ehd; (md];) njhOjpUf;fpNwd;. mth;fspy; vtuiAk;
gp];kpy;yh`ph;u`;khdph;u`Pk; vd;W (cuj;j rg;jkpl;L) Xj ehd; Nfl;ljpy;iy vd vd
md]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : md]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

gp];kpy;yh`ph;u`;khdph;u`Pk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 280
vq;fSf;F kj;jpapy; xUehs; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
,Ue;j NghJ cl;fhh;e;J ,Ue;jepiyapy; J}q;fptpopj;J mjd;gpwF kyh;e;j Kfj;Jld;
jq;fsJ jiyia cah;j;jpdh;. (mg;NghJ) cq;fisr; rphpf;f itj;jJ vJ vd ehq;fs;
Nfl;Nlhk;. mg;NghJ mth;fs; nfhQ;rk; Kd;G vd;kPJ xU mj;jpahak; ,wf;fpitf;fg;gl;lJ
vdf;$wp 'gp];kpy;yh`ph;u`;khdph;u`Pk; ,d;dh m/ijdh fy;ft;jh; g]y;yp ypug;gpf;f
td;`h; ,d;d\hdp m(f;)f`{ty; mg;jh;" vd;gij Xjpdh;.
mjd;gpwF ~ft;jh;~ vd;why; vd;d vd cq;fSf;Fj; njhpAkh? vdf;Nfl;ldh;. my;yh`;Tk;
mtdJ uR+Yk; kpfj;njhpe;jth;fs; vdf; $wpNdhk;. 'epr;rakhf mJ xU MW." fz;zpaKk;
kfj;JtKk; nghUe;jpa vdJ ul;rfd; mij vdf;F thf;fspj;Js;shd;. mjd;kPJ (mjpy;)
epiwa ed;ikfs; cz;L. mJ xU ePh; jlhfk; vd;W ck;kj;jth;fs; kWikehspd; NghJ
mjd;ghy; tUth;. mjd; (ePiu mWe;Jtjw;fhf itf;fg;gl;bUf;Fk;) ghj;jpuq;fs; thdj;jpd;
el;rj;jpuq;fspd; vz;zpf;if nfhz;ljhFk;. xU mbahd; mjpypUe;J <h;f;fg;gLthd;
(tpul;lg;gLthd;). mg;NghJ ehd; vd; ,ul;rfh! epr;rakhf mth; vd; ck;kj;jpYs;sth;
vdf;$WNtd;. mjw;F mth;> ckf;Fg;gpwF khh;f;fj;jpy; vd;d GJikfis mth;
cz;Lgz;zpdhh; vd ckf;Fj; njhpahJ vd;W (my;yh`;) $Wthd; vd my;yh`;tpd;
J}jh; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : md]; gpd; khypf; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
nkhopngah;g;ghsh; Fwpg;G :
cyf fhhpaq;fspy; gpj;mj;J (Gjpait)fshtd Mfha tpkhdj;ijAk;> uapiyAk;> fhiuAk;
gy etPd khjphp njhOk;gs;spfs; fl;LtijAk;> mtw;wpy; kpf mofhd tpiy cah;e;j
tphpg;Gfs;> fk;gsq;fs; tphpf;fg;gLtijnay;yhk; cjhuzkhff; fhl;b ,ij Vw;fpd;w ehk;>
,itfisnay;yhk; khh;f;f hPjpapy; mDkjpf;fpd;w ehk;> tzf;f topghLfspy; ehk;
tpUk;Gfpd;w (ek; Kd;Ndhh;fspy;) ahiu ehk; nghpatuhff; fUJfpNwhNkh mth;fs;
fhl;bajhff; $wp mth;fs; nra;j> my;yJ nra;ahj njhOiffisAk;> Nehd;GfisAk; Vd;
Vw;ff;$lhJ> Ke;jpaij Vw;fpd;wth;fs; gpe;jpaij kWg;gNjd;? vdf;Nfl;fpd;wdh;.
,];yhj;jpy; tzf;f topghLfs; vd vj;jid cz;Nlh mit midj;Jf;Fk; mbg;gil
Kd;khjphpahff; nfhz;L ehk; gpd;gw;wp elf;f chpath;fs; ekJ egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; khj;jpuNk. 'epr;rakhf Neh;topapy; kpfr; rpwe;jJ K`k;kJ ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; Neh;topNa" vd;w me;j egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk;
mth;fspd; $w;Wfpzq;f> mth;fis khj;jpuNk gpd;gw;Wtij tpLj;J khh;f;fj;jpy;
kdpjh;fshy; tzf;fkhff; fUjp njhOif vd;Wk;> Nehd;G vd;Wk; jpzpf;fg;gl;litfis
fz;bg;ghfj; jtph;j;J njhOif tiffspy;> mth;fs; fhl;br;nrd;w njhOiffisAk;
Nehd;G tiffspy; mth;fs; fhl;br;nrd;w Nehd;G tiffisAk;> ]ythj;J tifapy;
mth;fs; fw;Wj;je;j ]ythj;JfisAk; Vw;W ele;J> ekJ tzf;f tiffis

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


mq;fPfhpf;fg;gl;ljhfTk; Mf;fpf;nfhz;L> ehis k`;\h; ikjhdj;jpy; egp ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; ePh;jlhfj;jpy; ePuUe;Jk; ngUk; Ngw;wpid ngw;wpl ek;
midtUf;Fk; ty;y my;yh`{ ey;Yjtp nra;thdhf! MkPd;. tzf;fq;fspy; gpjmj;fisj;
jtph;j;jhy; kl;LNk mg;ghf;fpak; fpilf;Fk; vd;gij ,e;j `jP]; njspT gLj;JfpwJ.
ehis kWikapy; mjpypUe;J ePuUe;jtplhJ jLf;fg;gl;L Juj;jg;gLk; epiyf;F
MshFtjpypUe;J ty;y my;yh`; vd;idAk; cq;fisAk; fhg;ghw;Wthdhf! MkPd;.

njhOifapy; ~ck;Ky; Fh;Md; (~my;ghj;jp`h~ mj;jpahaj;ij)


XJtJ fl;lhak; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 281
ahh; xU njhOifiaj; njhOtJ mjpy; ck;Ky;Fh;Mid Xjtpy;iyNah mtuJ njhOif
Fiwf;fg;gl;l(epiwtw;w)jhFk; vd Kk;Kiw egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
$wpajhf mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.
ehq;fs; ,khKf;Fg;gpd;dhy; ,Uf;fpNwk;. (mg;NghJ Xj Ntz;Lkh?) vd mG+`{iuuh
uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fsplk; Nfl;fg;gl;lJ. cd; kdjpw;Fs; mij eP Xjpf;nfhs; vd
$wpdhh;fs;. mLj;J njhOifia vdf;Fk; vdJ mbahDf;Fk; kj;jpapy; Neh;ghjpahf gq;F
itj;Jtpl;Nld;. vdJ mbzhd; vijf;Nfl;lhNdh mJ mtDf;F cz;L.
mbahd; 'my;`k;J ypy;yh`p ug;gpy; Mykpd;" vdf; $WthNdahdhy;> vdJ mbahd;
vd;id Gfo;e;J tpl;lhd; vd;gjhf cah;thd my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;. 'mu;u`;khdph;u`pk;" vd
mtd; $wpdhy;> vd; kPJ vdJ mbahd; Gfo;r;rpiaf; $wptpl;lhd; vd my;yh`;
$Wfpwhd;. 'khypfp at;kpj;jPd;" vd mtd; $wpdhy; vdJ mbahd; vd;id cah;j;jp
nfsutpj;J tpl;lhd; vd my;yh`; $Wfpwhd;.
mLj;J xU Kiw vd;ghy; vdJ mbahd; jd;id xg;gilj;J tpl;lhd; vdf;$Wfpwhd;.
mtd; ',a;ahf;f e/GJ t,a;ahf;f e];j<d;" vd $WthNdahdhy; ,J vdf;Fk; vdJ
mbahDf;Fk; kj;jpapy; cs;sjhFk;. vdJ mbahd; vijf; Nfl;lhNdh mJ mtDf;F
cz;L. ',`;jpd];]puhj;jy; K];jfPk; ]puhj;jy;yjPd md; mk;j miy`pk; ifhpy; kf;*gp
miy`pk; tyo;ohy;yPd;" vd mtd; $wpdhy; ,J vd; mbahDf;FhpaJ. vd; mbahd;
vijf; Nfl;lhNdh mJ mtDf;F cz;L vd cah;thd my;yh`; $wptpl;lhd; vd
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpaij epr;rakhf ehd;
Nfl;bUf;fpNwd; vd mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.

njhOifapy; ,ad;wtiu XJtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 282
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; gs;spapy; Eioe;jdh;.
(mg;NghJ) xU kdpjh; Eioe;J njhOJ tpl;L mjd;gpwF te;J my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F ]yhk; $wpdhh;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
(miy`p]yhk;) mth;fs; gjpy; nrhy;yptpl;L> jpUk;gr; nrd;W njhOtPuhf! epr;rakhf ePh;
njhotpy;iy vd;wdh;. mk;kdpjh; jpUk;gpr;nrd;W Kd;G njhOjijg;Nghd;Nw njhOJtpl;L>
mjd;gpwF egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd;ghhy; te;J (egp ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk;) mth;fSf;F ]yhk; $wpdhh;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; cd; kPJ ]yhk; cz;lhFf> vdf;$wptpl;L mjd;gpwF jpUk;gpr;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


nrd;W njhOtPuhf! fhuzk; epr;rakhf ePh; njhotpy;iy vdf; $wpdhh;fs;. ,t;thW me;j
kdpjh; %d;W Kiw nra;Ak; tiu jpUk;g jpUk;g $wpdhh;. (mLj;j me;j) kdpjh;
cz;ikiaf; nfhz;L cq;fis mDg;gp itj;jtdpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! ,J my;yhjij
mofhfr; nra;a vd;dhy; ,ayhJ. MfNt vdf;Ff; fw;Wj;jhUq;fs; vd;whh;.
mg;NghJ egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; 'njhOiff;fhf ePh; jahuhfptpl;lhy;
jf;gPh; $WtPuhf. mij mLj;J Fh;Mdpy; ck;Kld; ,Ug;gtw;wpy; (njhpe;jtw;wpy;)
,Nyrhd(Fh; MdpypUe;J vij ,yFthf Xj tUNkh> ckf;F m)ij XJtPuhf.
mjd;gpwF mikjpahf U$c nra;Ak;tiu U$ctpy; ,Ug;gPuhf. mjd;gpwF rhpahf ePh;
epw;Fk; tiu epkph;e;J tpLtPuhf! mjd;gpwF mikjpahf rh\;lhq;fk; nra;tPuhf. mjd;gpwF
mikjpahf ,Ug;G ,Uf;fpd;w tiu cah;tPuhf. mjd;gpwF ckJ vy;yhj; njhOifapYk;
mt;thNw nra;tPuhf" vdf;$wpdh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

,khKf;F gpd;dhy; XJtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 283
vq;fSf;F egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; Y`h; njhOif my;yJ m]h;
njhOifia njho itj;jhh;fs;. (njhOifia Kbj;Jf; nfhz;L) vdf;Fg;gpd;dhy;
']g;gp`p];kug;gpfy; m/yh"it (vd;w mj;jpahj;ij) XjpaJ ahh;? vdf;Nfl;ldh;. (mg;NghJ)
xU kdpjh; ehd; vdf;$wp> mjd;%yk; ed;ikiaj; jtpu NtW vijAk; ehd; ehltpy;iy
vd;whh;. epr;rakhf cq;fspy; rpyh; mij Xjpajd; %yk; vd;NdhL gpzq;fpf; nfhz;ldh;
vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.

GfOjy;> MkPd; $Wjy; gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 284
,khk; MkPd; $wpdhy; ePq;fSk; MkPd; $Wq;fs;. epr;rakhf ahUila MkPd; mkuh;fspd;
MkPDf;F xj;J ,Uf;fpwNjh mtuJ ghtj;jpy; Ke;jpaij mtUf;fhf kd;dpf;fg;gLfpwJ
vd epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; 'MkPd;" vdf;
$wf;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh; vd ,g;D \p`hg; $Wfpwhh;.

]{G`{ njhOifapy; XJtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 285
]k;khf; gpd; `h;g; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ vd;gth; [hgph; gpd; ]k;uh vd;gthplk; egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; njhOifiag; gw;wpf;Nfl;Nld;. (mjw;fth;) egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; njhOifia ,Nyhrhfj; njhOJ te;jhh;fs;.
mth;fspd; njhOifiag; Nghd;W njhof;$bath;fshf mth;fs; ,Uf;ftpy;iy
vdf;$wpdhh;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; /g[;U(j;
njhOifap)y; 'fhg; ty;Fh;Mdpy; k[PJ"it (vDk; mj;jpahaj;ij)Ak;> mJ Nghd;wijAk;
Xjf;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh; vd vdf;F mth; mwptpj;jhh; vdTk; $wpdhh;.

Y`hpYk;> m]hpYk; XJtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 286
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; vq;fSf;F njho
itf;ff;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh;. Y`hpYk; m]hpYk; Ke;jpa ,U uf;mj;Jfspy; my;`k;J
mj;jpahj;ijAk; xU mj;jpahj;ijAk; Xjf; $bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh;. rpy rkaq;fspy;
trdj;ij vq;fSf;F Nfl;fr; nra;thh;fs;. gpe;jpa ,uz;L uf;mj;Jfspy; 'my;`k;J"
mj;jpahj;ij kl;Lk; Xjf; $bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+fjhjh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
`jP]; vz; : 287
epr;rakhf egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; Y`h; njhOifapy; Ke;jpa ,uz;L
uf;mj;Jfspy; xt;nthU uf;mj;jpYk; Kg;gJ trdq;fs; msTk; gpe;jpa ,uz;L uf;mj;Jfspy;
gjpide;J trdq;fs; msTk; my;yJ mjpy; (Kg;gjpy;) ghjp msT (Xjf; $bath;fshfTk;
,Ue;jdh;). m]h; njhOifapy; ,U uf;mj;Jfspy; xt;nthU uf;mj;jpYk; gjpide;J
trdq;fs; XJfpd;w mstpw;Fk; gpe;jpa ,U uf;mj;Jfspy; mjpy; ghjp msitAk;
Xjf;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+]aPJ my; Fj;hP uspay;yh`{ md;`{

k/f;hpG njhOifapy; XJtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 288
~ty;Kh;]yhj;jp ch;/gd; vd;w mj;jpahj;ij ,g;D mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs;
Xjpf; nfhz;bUe;jij epr;rakhf ck;Ky; go;y; gpd;j;Jy; `hhp]; nrtpAw;W tpl;L>
vdjUik kfNd! 'epr;rakhf mJ (ty;Kh;]yhj;jp ch;/gd; vd;gJ) jhd; kf;hpgpy; mij
egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; XJfpd;w NghJ filrpahf ehd;
nrtpAw;wjhFk; vd;gij> ,e;j mj;jpahj;ij eP Xjpajd; %yk; vdf;F eP
epidTgLj;jptpl;lha;~~ vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : ,g;D mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{

filrp ,\htpy; XJtJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 289
KMJ uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSld;
njhOJ Kbj;Jtpl;L mjd;gpwF te;J jdJ $l;lj;jhUf;F ,khkj; nra;af;$bath;fshf
,Ue;jdh;. xU ,utpy; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSld; ,\hj;
njhOifia njhOJ tpl;L mjd;gpwF jdJ $l;lj;jhhplk; te;J mth;fSf;F ,khkhf
epd;W njhOifia elj;jpdh;. (mt;thW njhOif elj;jpaNghJ) my;gfhuh mj;jpahj;ij

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


(Xj) Muk;gpj;jhh;. (mg;NghJ) xU kdpjh; ($l;lj;jpypUe;J) jpUk;gp ]yhk; nrhy;yptpl;L
mjd;gpwF mth; jdpahf njhOJ tpl;L jpUk;gptpl;lhh;. (mtiug; ghh;j;j [dq;fs;)
,d;dtNu! ~ePh; eatQ;rfuhf Mfptpl;bhh;~ vd;whh;fs;. ~my;yh`;tpd; kPJ rf;jpakhf
mt;thwpy;iy. epr;rakhf my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk;
nrd;W ,ijg;gw;wp ehd; cWjpahfNt mwptpg;Ngd;~ vdf;$wpdhh;. (mth; $wpathNu)
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; te;J> ~my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
mth;fNs! epr;rakhf ehq;fs; (tay;fSf;F) jz;zPh; ,iwj;J Cw;Wgth;fs;. gfnyy;yhk;
Ntiy nra;fpNwhk;. epr;rakhf kMj; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ cq;fSld; ,\hitj;
njhOJtpl;L tUfpd;whh;. mjd;gpwF (vq;fSf;F ,khkhf njhoitf;fpd;w NghJ)
~my;gfuh~ mj;jpahj;ij Xj Muk;gpj;jhh; vd;whh;. mijf;Nfl;l my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; Kmij Nehf;fp Kd;Ndhf;fp te;J ~KMNj! ePh;
Fog;gk; nra;fpwPuh?~ vdf;Nfl;ltpl;L ,d;d ,d;dtw;iw XJtPuhf vd;wdh;.
~t\;\k;\p tS`h`h~ mj;jpahj;iAk; ~ts;S`h~ mj;jpahj;ijAk;> ~ty;iyyp
,jha/f;\h~ mj;jpahj;ijAk; ~]g;gp`p];kug;gpf;fy; m/yh~ mj;jpahj;ijAk; XJtPuhf! vd
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpdhh;fs; vd ([hgph;
jkf;F mwptpj;jjhf cWjpahfNt mG+[;[{igh; ekf;F mwptpj;jhh; vd mk;Utplk; $wpNdd;.
mk;Uk; ,J Nghd;Nw ($wpdhh; vd) ]{g;ahd; $Wfpwhh;.

~U$tpYk; ]{[{jpYk; ,khik Ke;jpr; nry;tJ jLf;fg;gl;ljhFk;~


vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 290
vq;fSf;F xU ehs; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
njhOif elj;jpdhh;fs;. njhOifia Kbj;Jf; nfhz;lJk; jq;fsJ Kfj;ij vq;fspd;
gf;fkhf jpUg;gp Kd;Ndhf;fpdhh;fs;. ~kdpjh;fNs! epr;rakhf ehd; cq;fspd; ,khkhf
,Uf;fpNwd;. MfNt U$tpYk; ]{[{jpYk; epiyapYk; jpUk;Gt(]yhk; nfhLg;g)jpYk;
njhOifapy; vd;id Ke;jhjPh;fs;. epr;rakhf ehd; cq;fis vdf;Fg; Kd;Dk; gpd;Dk;
ghh;f;fpNwd; vdf; $wpdhh;fs;.
K`k;kjpd; caph; ahh;trk; ,Uf;fpwNjh! mtdpd; kPJ rj;jpakhf! ehd; ghh;g;gijnay;yhk;
ePq;fs; ghh;j;jhy; Fiwthfr; rphpg;gPh;fs;. mjpfkhf mOtPh;fs; vd;wdh;. (mq;fpUe;jth;fs;)
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; mth;fNs! vd;d fz;Bh;fs;? vdf;Nfl;ldh;. mjw;F egp ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; Rtdj;ijAk; eufj;ijAk; fz;Nld; vd;wdh;.
mwptpg;gth; : md]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G :
,e;j ghh;it my;yh`;tpd; mDkjpNahL ,e;epiyapy; kl;LNk ,Ue;jJ. ,Jtd;wp vy;yh
Neuq;fspYk; ,JNghd;Nw ghh;fpwhh;fs; vd;gjw;F Fh;Md; `jP]py; Mjhuk; ,y;iy. xU
rpyh; vy;yh Neuq;fs;-epiyfspYk; egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;
vy;yhtw;iwAk; ghh;j;Jf;nfhz;Lk; Nfl;Lf;nfhz;Lk; M[uhfpf;nfhz;Lk; ,Uf;fpwhh;fs; vd;W
$wpAk; mijNa nfhs;ifahff; nfhz;Lk; cs;sdh;. my;yh`;tpd; Ntjj;jpy; gy
E}w;Wf;fzf;fhd trdq;fSk; mtw;wpw;F tpsf;fq;fshf egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpa gy E}W `jP];fSk; ,f;nfhs;is jtwhdJ vd;Wk;
,f;nfhs;ifia nfhz;bUg;gth;fs; kd;dpf;fg;gl khl;lhh;fs; vd;gijAk;

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


njspTgLj;JfpwJ. 'Kf;fhyj;jpd; epiyfis mwpfpd;w Mw;wy; me;j ty;y ehad; my;yh`;
xUtidj;jtpu NtWahUf;Fk; ,y;iy". egpkhh;fs; miy`pK]yhk; vd;gth;fs;
my;yh`;tplj;jpypUe;J mkuh; %ykhf my;yJ jpiuf;F mg;ghypUe;J my;yJ kdjpy;
cjpf;Fk; cjpg;ghf-mwptpg;ghf Mfpa ,k;%d;Wtopfspy; cah;thd my;yh`;tplkpUe;J
nra;jpfs; mwptpf;fg;gl;L mr;nra;jpfis thq;fp mwptpf;ff;$bath;fNs Mthh;.
my;yh`;tplkpUe;J mwptpg;Gfs; fpilf;fhjtiu thdk; G+kp ,uz;bYk; elf;ff;$ba ve;j
tp\aj;ijg;gw;wpAk; mth;fshy; epr;rakhf njhpe;J nfhs;Nt KbahJ. thrfh;fs; ,ij
njspthf njhpe;Jnfhs;s xU ngUk; rk;gtj;ij kl;LNk ,q;F Fwpg;gpLfpNwd;.
mjd;RUf;fk;: egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; tpz;Zyf gazj;ij Kbj;J
jpUk;gp kf;fj;Jf; Fiw\pfSf;F mr;rk;gtj;ij $wpf;nfhz;L ,Ue;j NghJ mth;fSila
,uTg;gazk; gw;wpAk; igj;Jy; Kfj;j]py; cs;s gy tp\aq;fisAk; mLf;fLf;fhff;
Nfl;ldh;. mijr;nrtpAw;w egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; mg;NghJ Vw;g;gl;l
rpukk; mjw;F Kd; vdf;F vg;NghJk; Vw;g;gl;lNj ,y;iy Vndd;why; mq;F ehd;
fz;ltw;iw vd; kdjpy; ehd; ,Uj;jpf;nfhs;stpy;iy. ,t;tif f\;lj;jpy; ,Ue;J
vd;id tpLtpj;Jf;nfhs;s igj;Jy; Kfj;ji] vdf;fhf my;yh`; cah;j;jpf; fhl;bdhd;.
mg;NghJ jhd; mth;fs; Nfl;l Nfs;tpfSf;F vd;dhy; gjpy; $w Kbe;jJ vd;w ,e;j
rk;gtj;ij egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fNs ekf;F nrhy;ypf;fhl;Lfpwhh;fs;.
mJgw;wpa `jP]; vz; 80 gjpthfpAs;sJ. egp ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fSf;F
Kf;fhyKk; kiwthd tp\aq;fSk; njhpAk; vd ahNuhnrhy;yp itj;jij- me;jj; jtwhd
nfhs;ifia-,e;j Mjhu mbg;gilapy; mJ jtW jhd; vd;gij czh;e;J Kf;fhyj;ijAk;
mwpe;J nfhz;bUf;Fk; ghh;j;J nfhz;bUf;Fk;> ghh;j;jitfSf;F ghpfhuk; nra;J
nfhz;bUf;Fk; rfy ty;yikAs;s ,e;j my;yh`;tpd; kfj;Jtj;ijg; Ghpe;J mtdplNk
ghtkd;dpg;G Nfl;L mtdpd; KO mUisf;ngw mtNd ey;Yjtp nra;thdhf MkPd;.

~,khKf;F Kd; jiyia cah;j;JtJ jLf;fg;gl;ljhFk;~ vd;gJ


gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 291
'(jdJ) njhOifapy; (vth;) ,khKf;F Kd; jiyia cah;j;JfpwhNuh> mtuJ cUtj;ij
fOijapd; cUtkhf my;yh`; khw;wp tpLtjpypUe;J (mth;) mr;rkw;W ,Uf;f khl;lhh;" vd
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpajhf mG+`{iuuh
uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{

,UiffisAk; U$ctpy; ,U njhilfSf;F kj;jpapy;


Mf;fpf;nfhs;tJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 292
mg;Jy;yh`; gpd; k];CJ uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fsJ tPl;bw;F (my;fkh> m];mJ
Mfpa) ehq;fspUtUk; te;Njhk;. ,th;fs; cq;fSf;Fg;gpd; njhOjhh;fsh? vdf;Nfl;lhh;.
ehq;fs; ,y;iy vd;Nwhk;. (mjw;fth;) vOe;J njhOq;fs;! vd;whh;.ghq;Nfh> ,fhkj;Njh
$WkhW vq;fSf;fth; fl;lisapltpy;iy. mtUf;Fg;gpd;dhy; epw;gjhfr; nrd;Nwhk;.
vq;fspy; xUtiu mthpd; tyg;gf;fKk;> kw;wtiu mthpd; ,lg;gf;fKk; Mf;fpdhh;. mth;
U$c nra;j NghJ vq;fsJ iffis Kl;Lf;fhy;fspd; kPjhf;fpNdhk;. mjd;gpwF

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


vq;fsJ iffspy; mbj;Jtpl;L mtuJ ,U Kd;iffSf;F ,ilapy; Nrh;j;J jdJ ,U
njhilfSf;F kj;jpapy; mt;tpuz;ilAk; Eioj;Jf; nfhz;lhh; vdf;$wpdhh;. mth; njhOJ
tpl;L cq;fSf;F jiyth; ,Ug;ghh;(tUthh;)fs;> njhOifia mjd;Neuj;ij tpl;Lk;
gpw;gLj;Jthh;fs;> kuzk; rk;gtpf;f (rf;fuhj;J epiyapy;) ,Uf;Fk; xUtUf;F mth;
kuzpg;gjw;F ,ilapy; ,ilntsp vt;tsTFiwNth? mt;thW #hpad; m];jkpf;f neUq;Fk;
tiu (mij) njhOifia (Kw;wpYk;) gpw;gLj;jptpLthh;fs;. mt;thW mth;fis
nra;af;fz;lhy; njhOifia mjd; Neuj;jpy; njhOJ nfhs;Sq;fs;. mth;fSld; njhOk;
njhOifia egpyhf Mf;fpf;nfhs;Sq;fs;. ePq;fs; %tuhf ,Ug;gpd; midtUk; njhOJ
nfhs;Sq;fs;. mijtpl mjpfkhf ,Ug;gpd; cq;fspy; xUth; ,khkhf ,Uf;fTk;.
cq;fspy; xUth; U$c nra;jhy; mtuJ ,U nfhlq;iffisAk; njhilapd; kPJ tphpj;J
(tpyf;fp) itf;fTk;. mtuJ ,U Kd;iffisr;Nrh;j;J (,U njhilfSf;F kj;jpapy;)
itf;fTk;. my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fspd; tpuy;fs;
khWgl;L ,Ug;gij ehd; ghh;gtidg;Nghd;W ,Uf;fpNwd;. mt;thNw mth;fisAk; ehd;
fhz;fpNwd; vd mg;Jy;yh gpd; k];CJ uspay;yh`{ md;`{ $Wfpwhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : m];tJ> my;fkh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G :
,e;j `jP]py; rpy tp\aq;fs; $wg;gl;Ls;sJ> mij epue;jukhf egp ]y;yy;yh`; miy`p
t]y;yk; mth;fs; nra;atpy;iy mitfspy; khWjy; Vw;g;gl;L tpl;lJ mij tpsf;fpf;
$WtJ flikahjyhy; ,q;F mijf; $WfpNwhk;.
(1) ,khkpd; tyg;GwKk; ,lg;GwKk; ,Uth; epw;gJ.
,jpy; rhpahd Rd;dj;J mt;tpUtUk; ,khKf;F gpd;dhy; epw;gNj. K];dJ m`;kjpy; 15 3
7/3 /116 ,yf;fkpl;l `jP]py; [hgph; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fspd; `jP]py; te;Js;sJ.
(2) iffisr; Nrh;j;J Kd;iffis ,U njhilfSf;F kj;jpapy; Eioj;jy;.
,J khw;wg;gl;Ltpl;lJ. mLj;j `jP]py; njspT nra;ag;gl;bUg;gJ Nghd;W Rd;dj;jhd
Kiw Kl;Lf;fhy;fisg; gpbg;gjhFk;.
(3 ) ghq;F> ,fhkj;J $WkhW mth; $Wtpy;iy.
njhOifapy; jtWnra;jtUf;F tpsf;fpf; $wpaNghJ mtiu ghq;F ,fhkj;J $WkhW
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; fw;Wj;jUfpwhh;fs;. mJNt
rhpahd Rd;dj;jhFk;.

,U iffis Kl;Lf;fhy;fspd; kPJ itg;gJ gw;wpAk; ,U


Kl;Lf;fhy;fSf;fpilapy; Eioj;Jf;nfhs;s Ntz;Lnkd;gJ
khw;wg;gl;Ltpl;lJ vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 293
vdJ je;ijf;F mUfhikapy; ehd; njhONjd;. vdJ ,U iffisAk; vdJ ,U
Kl;Lf;fhy;fSf;Fk; kj;jpapy; Mf;fpf;nfhz;Nld; (mijg;ghh;j;j vdJ je;ij) cdJ ,U
Kd;iffisAk; cdJ ,U Kl;Lf;fhy;fspd; kPJ Mf;fpf;nfhs; vd vdf;$wpdhh;.
mjw;Fg;gpwF xU KiwAk; (Kjypy; nra;jJ NghyNt) mt;thW nra;Njd;. vdJ ,U

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


iffspd; kPJ mbj;Jtpl;L> ,t;thW nra;tjpypUe;J ehk; jLf;fg;gl;L tpl;Nlhk;.
Kd;iffis Kl;Lf;fhypd; kPJ itf;FkhW fl;lisaplg;gl;L cs;Nshk; vdf;$wpdhh;.
mwptpg;gth; : K];mg; gpd; ]mJ uspay;yh`{ md;`{
Fwpg;G :
U$ctpy; ,UiffisAk; ,U Kl;Lf;fhy;fspd; kPJ vijNahg; gpbg;gJ Nghd;W egp
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; itj;jpUe;jhh;fs; vd;gNj ,Wjpahf epUgdkhd
Rd;dj;jhFk;. ,uz;L Kl;Lf;fhy;fSf;F kj;jpapy; ,UiffisAk; Eioj;jf;nfhs;tJ
khw;wg;gl;Ltpl;lJ vd;w nra;jp ,g;D k];CJ uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fSf;F
fpilj;jjhy; 292-tJ `jP]py; fz;Ls;sthNw nra;aNtz;Lnkd tw;GWj;jpdhh;fs;.
,r;nray; khw;wg;gl;Ltpl;l nra;jp mth;fSf;F njhpe;jpUe;jhy; epr;rakhf Kd;G nra;jijNa
nra;aNtz;Lnkd ,g;D k];CJ uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; tw;GWj;jp ,Uf;fkhl;lhh;fs;
vd;gij ftdj;jpy; nfhs;f

U$ctpYk; ]{[{JtpYk; $wg;gl Ntz;bait gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 294
~my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs;> mth;fsJ ~U$c~tpYk;
~]{[{J~jpYk;> ']{g;`hd fy;yh `{k;k ug;gdh tgp`k;jpf> my;yh`{k;k/f; /gph;yP" vd
mjpfkhf $wf;$bath;fshf ,Ue;jdh;. Fh;Mdpy;> (ckJ ,ul;rfdpd; Gfiof;nfhz;L
j];gP`{k; nra;J mtdplNk ghtkd;dpg;Gk; Nfl;gPuhf! vd;w) trdj;jpw;F tpsf;fkhf ,ijf;
$wpte;jhh;fs; vd Map\h uspay;yh`{ md;`h mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.

U$ctpYk; ]{[{jpYk; jpUf;Fh;Mid XJtJ jil


nra;ag;gl;Ls;sJ vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 295
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; (jq;fspd; miwapd;) jpiuia
tpyf;fpa NghJ [dq;fnsy;yhk; mG+gf;fh; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fSf;F gpd;dhy;
thpirfspy; ,Ue;jdh;. mg;NghJ kdpjh;fNs! egpj;Jtj;jpd; ed;khuhaq;fspy; (xU) K];yPk;
ghh;f;ff;$ba my;yJ mtUf;F fhl;lg;glf;$ba ey;y fdTfisj; jtpu NtW vJTk;
vQ;rpapUf;ftpy;iy. ~U$c~ nra;j epiyapy;> ~]{[{J~ nra;j epiyapy; jpUf;Fh;Mid
XjtjpypUe;J epr;rakhf ehd; jLf;fg;gl;Ls;Nsd; vd;gij njhpe;J nfh(s;Sq;f)s;.
MfNt ~U$c~tpy; my;yh`;it kfj;Jtg;gLj;Jq;fs; (]{g;fhd ug;gpay; msPk;)
vdf;$Wq;fs;. ]{[{jpYk; JMtpy; rpuj;ijnaLq;fs;. (mjpfkhf JM nra;Aq;fs;)
cq;fSf;F mq;fPfhpf;fg;gLtjw;F mJ kpf chpajhFk; vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : ,g;D> mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh

~U$c~tpypUe;J cah;e;jhy; (epkph;e;jhy;) vd;d $wNtz;Lk;


vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 296
my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; ~U$c~tpypUe;J jq;fsJ

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


jiyia cah;j;jpdhy; 'ug;gdh yf;fy;`k;J kpy; m];]khthj;jpty; mh;sp tkh igd`{kh>
tkpy;m kh\p/(j;)jkpd; i],d; gmJ. m`;yj;jdhfp ty;k[;jp m`f;F kh fhyy; mg;J
tFy;Ydh y(f;)f mg;Jd; yhkhdpm ypkh m/ijj;j tyh K/jpa ypkh kd/j;j
tyhad;/gc jy;[j;jp kpd; (f;)fy; [j;J' vdf;$Wthh;fs;.
mwptpg;gth; : mG+]apJ my;Fj;hP uspay;yh`{ md;`{

]{[{Jtpd; rpwg;GfSk; mij mjpfkhf nra;tij MirA+l;LtJk;


gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 297
ehd; my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fshy; chpik vOjg;gl;l
jt;ghd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ vd;gtiur; re;jpj;J ~vij (vr;nraiy) ehd; nra;jhy;
my;yh`; mjd; %yk; vd;idr; Rtdj;jpy; Eioar; nra;thNdh? mj;jifa xU
nraiyg;gw;wp vdf;F nrhy;tPuhf!~ vd;Nwd;. (my;yJ) ~nray;fspy; my;yh`;Tf;F kpf
tpUg;gkhd xU nraiyg;gw;wp vdf;Fj; njhptpg;gPuhf!~ vd ehd; Nfl;Nld;. ,ijr; nrtpAw;w
jt;ghd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mikjpahf (Ngrhky;) ,Ue;jhh;. (mjd;gpwFk;) mJ gw;wp
ehd; Nfl;Nld;. NgrhkypUe;J tpl;lhh;. %d;whk; Kiwahf mJgw;wp ehd; Nfl;Nld;. mjw;F
jt;ghd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs;. 'mJ gw;wp my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fsplk; ehd; Nfl;Nld;. mjw;fth;fs; my;yh`;Tf;F mjpfkhf
~][;jh~ nra;tij filgpbj;Jf; nfhs;. epr;rakhf my;yh`;Tf;F eP xU ~][;jh~
nra;tjpd; %yk; my;yh`; cdf;F xU juj;ij mjpfg;gLj;jpAk; mjd;%yk; cdJ jtw;wpy;
xd;iw mopj;JNk jtpu eP ][;jh nra;tjpy;iy" vdf;$wpdhh;fs;.
,jw;F gpwF mGj;jh;jhc uspay;yh`{ md;`{it ehd; (mwptpg;gth;) re;jpj;Njd;. ,Jgw;wp
mthplk; Nfl;Nld;. jt;ghd; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ $wpaijg; Nghd;Nw $wpdhh;.
mwptpg;gth; : kp/jhd; mgPjy;`h my;a/khpa;A

][;jhtpy; JM nra;tJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 298
~mbahd; mtdJ ,ul;rh;fSf;F kpf mUfhikapy; ,Ug;gJ mtd; ][;jh nra;j
epiyapy;jhd;. MfNt gpuhh;j;jidia mjpfkhfr; nra;Aq;fs;~ vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh;
]y;yy;yh`{ miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpajhf mG+`{iuuh uspay;yh`{ md;`{
mth;fs; mwptpf;fpwhh;fs;.

vj;jid (cWg;Gfspd;) kPJ ][;jh nra;tJ vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.


`jP]; vz; : 299
'VO vYk;Gfspd; kPJ ehd; ][;jh nra;AkhW fl;lisaplg;gl;Nld;. (mjhtJ) new;wp
(jq;fsJ %f;fpd; ghYk; irf;fpid nra;jhh;) ,Uiffs;> ,U(Kl;Lf;)fhy;fs;> ,U
ghjq;fspd; Xuq;(tpuy;)fs;" (MfpaitfshFk;) new;wpf;Fk; jiuf;Fk; kj;jpapy;
ciliaNah> (jiy) KbiaNah Nrh;j;Jf; nfhs;shky; ,Uf;fNtz;Lk; vd;W ehq;fs;
fl;lisaplg;gl;Nlhk; vd ,g;D mg;gh]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{kh mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw


,e;j mwptpg;gpy; cs;sJ Nghd;W VO vYk;Gfs; vd;Wk;> Vopd;kPJ vd;Wk; kw;w mwptpg;gpy;
cs;sJ mjd; nghUs;: ][;jh VO cWg;Gfspd; kPJ ,Uf;f Ntz;Lk;. me;j VO
cWg;GfSk; jiuapy; rhpahf itf;fg;gl Ntz;Lk; vd;gNj ,jd; fUj;jhFk;. mjw;F Nky;
vl;lhtjhf %f;if jiuapy; ,Uf;fr; nra;a Ntz;Lk;.

][;jhtpy; epjhdkhfTk;> ,U Koq;iffis cah;j;jpAk; ,Uf;f


Ntz;Lk; vd;gJ gw;wpa ghlk;.
`jP]; vz; : 300
'][;jhtpy; rkkhf (epjhdkhf mjd; cWg;Gfis) itAq;fs;> cq;fspy; ahUk; jdJ
nfhlq;iffis eha; tphpg;gJ Nghy; tphpf;fNtz;lhk;" vd my;yh`;tpd; J}jh; ]y;yy;yh`{
miy`p t]y;yk; mth;fs; $wpajhf md]; uspay;yh`{ md;`{ mth;fs; $Wfpwhh;fs;.

]`P`; K];yPk; - ghfk; 1 mj;jpahak; njhOif Kiw