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Drug De-Addiction Cum Rehabilitation center with Training center and Revenue generation Building

Introduction
Drug De-addiction Drug addiction is a chronic, relapsing disease, characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, and by neurochemical and molecular changes in the brain. Drug addiction is becoming a major health problem in India with some estimates indicating that as many as 15 million people in India could become addicts by the end of 2004. Mental illness and Life sufferers Mental illnesses are the most devastating and disabling of the diseases, affecting the mankind, giving its victims and their families a life of suffering, trauma and travail. Nearly one percent of Humanity is suffering from this malady, of which nearly 20% would become chronic. In the context of our country it means nearly one crore of our people are victims of different forms of Mental illness and of whom 20 Lakhs are likely to become chronic. Often the victims' entire personality becomes shattered due to dysfunctioning of their mental faculty. They drift from social mainstream, remain castigated from immediate neighborhood, as well as the society at large. What they need is not just medical intervention but a multiple therapeutic approach to bring them back even to a semblance of normal functionality. Depression Depression is a serious medical illness. Symptoms can include: Sadness or low mood Loss of interest or pleasure in activities you used to enjoy Change in weight Difficulty sleeping or oversleeping Energy loss Feelings of worthlessness Thoughts of death or suicide

Depression can run in families, and usually starts between the ages of 15 and 30. It is much more common in women. Women can also get postpartum depression after the birth of a baby.

Some people get seasonal affective disorder in the winter. Depression is one part of bipolar disorder. There are effective treatments for depression, including antidepressants and talk therapy. A combination of both works best. Personality Disorders Schizophrenia Anxiety Relation between Drug addicts and mental ill persons A psychiatric problem An addiction problem It is difficult to say which came first. What is important to note is that the person is currently having both problems and both have to be addressed together. A relapse in one of the two areas can trigger a relapse in the other. A psychological relation between the drug addicts and mentally ill (psychiatric) or life suffering people. In 90% of the cases it is found that the basic level for addiction starts from person does not know to handle critical situation of problems in life, he then gets into depression and the root of the drug addiction starts eventually. Trauma, depression, lonely feeling, carelessness are some of the important factors deciding drug addiction.

Training Centre Plan Although a substantial numbers of persons are affected by drug and alcohol abuse and dependence, there are several gaps in service provision. These include inadequate number of services, inadequate treatment seeking by substance users and also lack of trained manpower in the country.

Revenue Generation It has been found that only 42 of the de-addiction centers are being aided only a few centers (about 42, mainly those in the north-eastern states of the country) Functioning of Government De-Addiction Centers. Most centers depend on State Government for recurring expenditure .Evaluation exercises have revealed Variability in service provision Poor record maintenance Shortage of staff Lack of capacity of existing staff (i.e. lack of training on substance use disorders)

It has been difficult to trace most of these centers. UNESCO (2009) has recently highlighted the difficulty encountered in accessing information about many of the centers Receive recurrent grants from the union health ministry. Most others have been dependent on the state governments for the recurring expenditure (on staff salaries, supplies etc.). It is understandable that the state Governments may have varying degrees of health priorities; consequently the funds provided by the state governments have also been variable in nature.

Aim
To design a drug de-addiction cum rehabilitation center for people with drug addiction and for those persons with mental illness (psychiatric).This will totally base on the design of the building in order to recover or rehabilitate the persons by understanding the terms of psychological treatment through the building envelope. Set up a "Home Away from Home" offering solace to the suffering individual and family alike, where the atmosphere would be of a large extended family in which the residents would get the comfort, security, love and kindness of the family, with psychosocial Rehabilitation Programmes and medical care administered by experts in respective areas. I believe that addiction as a disease affects every aspect of the afflicted person's life; at the physical and mental level, in relationships, and even causes the person to lose all sense of morality. The disease has a way of recurring and only a total change in attitude can bring any meaningful recovery. For Training Centre: In the proposed approach, the staff from the district hospitals would be provided the training pertaining to treatment of substance use disorders. Referral of patients that need more intensive intervention and specialist skills (such as those with associated physical or psychiatric co morbidity and multiple drug use) can be made to the medical colleges. Capacity building through training of staff is an important step in improving treatment seeking as well as quality of treatment that is provided to substance users. For Revenue generation: Designing a building that would generate revenue for the proposed Centre, as according to the study stated above.

Objectives
Research on psychological basis of persons with mental illness, depression, anxiety etc... Study on how to recover drug-addicts and help rehabilitating mentally ill and life suffering people. Emphasis on designing-landscaped area, interiors, exteriors and the whole building envelope in order to suite the proposed function psychologically. Research and deep study on Governments policy to Train officials for such people and fund these type of centers in India

Scope
The design will be the first of its kind in developing a center that will cater drug deaddiction and rehabilitation center along with the training center and making the whole center a sustaining one in terms of revenue required to operate it in a successful manner. Building form, interiors and landscaped areas will be highlights of the design The campus will also include residential facilities for staff member(nurses, ward boys and hospitality staff)

Expected Outcome of the Thesis Project


Design Elements on how to deal with the buildings built psychologically for such kind persons Research study on psychologically based built architecture Recovery - a journey of happiness Nurturing relationships Positive substitutes for addiction Building Psycho social Rehabilitation Service

Learning to recover wards suffering from mental disability of varying degrees and Types

Case Study
CADABAM'S Group Gulakamale Village, Near Kaggalipura, 17th Mile Kanakapura Road, Post Taralu, Bangalore-560082. Phone: +91 - 9611194949 Mail: info@cadabams.org

HOPE TRUST # 35 C, MLA COLONY, ROAD NO.12, BANJARA HILLS HYDERABAD - 500 034 (ANDHRA PRADESH) INDIA Tel.: +91 83746 01855 / +91 78930 03070 Fax: +91 40 2330 2230 E-mail: info@hopetrustindia.com Muktangan Rehabilitation Center Mohanwadi, off Pune-Alandi Road, Yerawada, Pune Maharashtra 411006

Site Proposed
Odanadi (Mysore-based non-governmental organization) -Mysore, Karnataka