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Isotopes

Definition
Atoms of the same element that have the same number of protons but contain a different number of neutrons.

Importance of isotopes
They are useful for scientists and in medicine to be used as a diagnostic tool

Isotope video

What is the neutron number for A? For B?


Diagram A
proton

Diagram B

Which diagram represents an isotope of helium? How can you tell?


Diagram A
proton

Diagram B

How many electrons are present in atoms A and B? How are you able to tell?
Diagram A
proton

Diagram B

Predict: How many energy levels would be present in atoms A and B?


Diagram A
proton

Diagram B

Fill in the blanks for the elements in this chart. Remember that Isotopes are atoms of the same element with different number of neutrons. (Number of Neutrons = atomic mass number of Protons/atomic number) Element Number of Protons Number of Neutrons Number of Electrons Atomic mass Atomic number

Chlorine-35

17

17

35

17

Chlorine-37

17

20

17

17

Fill in the blanks for the elements in this chart. Remember that Isotopes are atoms of the same element with different number of neutrons. (Number of Neutrons = atomic mass number of protons/ atomic number)

Element

Number of Protons

Number of Neutrons

Number of Electrons

Atomic mass

Atomic number

Carbon-12

12

Carbon-13

Carbon-14

14

Fill in the blanks for the elements in this chart. Remember that Isotopes are atoms of the same element with different number of neutrons. (Number of Neutrons = atomic mass number of protons/ atomic number)

Answer
Element Number of Protons Number of Neutrons Number of Electrons Atomic mass Atomic number

Carbon-12

12

Carbon-13

13

Carbon-14

14

1) Describe what makes an element an isotope. 2) Which one is an isotope: (choose an answer)
a. Hydrogen-2 and Hydrogen-3 b. Carbon-12 c. Carbon-12 and Hydrogen-3