Sie sind auf Seite 1von 2

Eagle Rock AP Chemistry

17 Electrochemistry
G, E, and Keq
Variables that appear in these equations are R and F.
What are their values and units? R = 8.314 J/molK

F = 96500 J/Vmol e-

Write the equations that relate each of the two quantities:


E and K
G and E
E = RT lnK
nF

Problems:
1. An early method of producing aluminum
metal was the reaction of aluminum salts
with sodium metal:
Al3+ + 3Na(s)
Al(s) + 3Na+ E = +1.05 V
What is G for this reaction
a) -304 kJ
d) +202 kJ
b) -101 kJ
e) +304 kJ
c) +101 kJ
2. Calculate Keq for this reaction.

G and K

G = -nFE

G = -RT lnk

c) +0.0011 V

G = -nFE
G= -(3mol e-)(96500 J/Vmol e-)(1.05V)
=-303,975 J
G=-304 KJ

G = -RT lnk
-304,000J=-(8.314 J/molK)(298K) lnk
e122.7=k
k=1.94 x 1053

3. Calculate E for the following reaction:


I2(s) + 2Br-(aq) 2I-(aq) + Br2(l)

2Br-(aq) Br2(l) + 2eI2(s) + 2e- 2I-(aq)

4. Calculate G for the following reaction:


I2(s) + 2Br-(aq) 2I-(aq) + Br2(l)
a) +105 kJ
d) +52 kJ
b) -105 kJ
e) -312 kJ
c) +312 kJ

G = -nFE
G= -(2mol e-)(96500 J/Vmol e-)(-,54V)
=104,220 J

5. If G of the following reaction is -203 kJ,


what is E? 2Ag+(aq) + Ni(s) 2Ag(s) +
Ni2+(aq)
a) -1.05 V
d) -0.011 V
b) +2.10 V
e) +1.05 V

-1.07 V
.530 V
Ecell= -.540

G=104 KJ
G = -nFE
-203,000 J=-(2mol e-)(96500 J/Vmol e-)(V)
=-1.05 V

6. What is the equilibrium constant for the


following reaction at 298 K?
2Ag+(aq) + 2I-(aq) I2(s) + 2Ag(s) E = +0.265
V
a) 2.99 x 104
d) 87.9
8
b) 9.04 x 10
e) 1.60 x 107
c) 7.73 x 103
7. What is G for the above reaction?

E = RT lnk
nF
+0.265=
(8.314 J/molK)(298) lnk
(2mol e-)(96500 J/Vmol e-)
20.64
e
=k
k=9.23x108
G = -RT lnk
G = -(8.314 J/molK)(298k) ln9.23x108
=-51,137J
G=-51.1 KJ

8. What is the equilibrium constant for the


following reaction at 20C?
Fe(s) + Cu2+(aq) Fe2+(aq) + Cu(s) E = +0.78 V
a) 2.3 x 1026
d) 1.8 x 1028
b) 6.9 x 1026
e) 1.2 x 10-21
c) 1.4 x 1027
Questions 9 and 10 refer to the fact that at
25C, H2O2 decomposes according to the
following equation.
2 H2O2(aq) 2 H2O(l) + O2(g) E = +0.55 V
9. Determine the value of the standard free
energy change, G, for the reaction at
25C.

E = RT lnk
nF
+0.78=
(8.314 J/molK)(293) lnk
(2mol e-)(96500 J/Vmol e-)
61.79
e
=k
k=6.9x1026
H2O2 O2 + 2H+ + 2eH2O2 + 2H+ + 2e- 2H2O

G = -nFE
G= -(2mol e-)(96500 J/Vmol e-)(.55V)
=106,150J
G=106KJ

10. Determine the value of the equilibrium constant, Keq, for the reaction at 25C.

G = -RT lnK
106,000 = (8.314 J/molK)(298) lnk
e42.78=k
k=3.79x1018