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You are tasked with raising an aircraft onto jacks, to allow functional checking of the undercarriage system.

Describe the procedure including all safety requirements.


Aircraft Jacking Check the Maintenance Manual for the correct jacking equipment and procedures may be used for jacking the Aircraft to allow functional check of the undercarriage system. Jacking points are located in the wings and fuselage and other points are at the nose and main undercarriages.

Safety Considerations
Safety precautions and restrictions must be noted before and during the process of jacking as follows: 1) Check the Maintenance Manual for the position of the C.G. either well behind or in front of the main jacking points to bring the C.G, within safe limits. This include checking the aircraft fuel state. 2) Check each jacking point load limit, caution not to exceed them, structural damage could occur. 3) Stressed panels to be installed as per Maintenance Manual. 4) Check the aircraft jacks for next servicing due date. Do not use any jack that is due for servicing. An accident, damage to aircraft and injure someone may occur. 5) Check the correct type of jack to be used and the serviceability of the jacks before use. 6) Aircraft jacking area roped off and warning signs or flags posted. 7) All jacking crews to be fully briefed on jacking procedures. 8) Enough jacking crews for the task. 9) All aircraft should normally be jacked inside a hangar. Jacking outside is permitted for larger aircraft provided they are positioned nose into wind, jacking surface is level and strong to support the weight and any special instructions stated in the AMM are observed. 10) Maximum wind speed stated for jacking outside to be observed. Brakes to be released, chocked fore and aft and undercarriage ground locks installed. 11) Earth cable connected to the earth point on the aircraft with sufficient length when aircraft is jacked.

Jacking Procedures
While the following procedures will generally ensure safe and satisfactory jacking of most aircraft, precedence must always be given to the procedures and precautions specified in the relevant Maintenance Manual. The jacking team include: 1) A supervisor to co-ordinate the operation. To observe the whole jacking process making sure the aircraft is in level at all time. He must be trained, qualified and authorized. 2) Jacking personnel: To jack the aircraft evenly and slowly with the same speed and jacking strokes 3) Locking collar personnel: To lock down the jacking collar continuously as the jacks are rising. 4) Safety Observer: Ensure no one violate or disregard any safety procedures and only jacking team members are allowed within the safety lines while aircraft is being jacked. Safety observer should have a safety evaluation checklist carried during the jacking operation Note: All members of the team need to be in radio communication with the co-ordinator.

Attach jacking pads to the jacking points and adapters for the jacks as required. Position jacks at each jacking points. Close all jacks release valve, make sure jacks body are vertical and weight evenly distributed about the legs and weight of the aircraft taken by the jacks. Remove chocks and raise the aircraft slowly and evenly as possible. Stop the operation at interval to double check for aircraft level and any safety issue. The Supervisor should be the only one giving the order but at anytime when there is danger, one should shout out loud to stop the operation. During jacking, locking collar must be continually wound down, keeping them close to the body of the jack. Fully tighten the locking collar once jacking is completed. Make sure all wheels are off the ground when declaring jacking operation is completed. How much off the ground varies with operator. Standard practice is 1 inch. Place support under the wings and fuselage as iaw maintenance Manual.

Has the jack crew been fully briefed on control procedures and 15, 7, Is the aircraft jacking area roped off and warning signs or flags posted?
Jacking Restrictions There are many restrictions to jacking for each type aircraft If you violate any of these restrictions, there is a good chance that you will have an accident, damage the aircraft, or injure someone. The restrictions gen- eral] y concern aircraft gross weight and configuration. Some of the considerations are fuel dispersion in fuselage and wing tanks, engines in or out, and tail hook up or down. Details on restrictions and procedures are in the MIMs, and you must know them and follow them exactly. If you dont, you will be in trouble. Dont forget that many squadrons will have their own local standing instructions for jacking aircraft, which contain additional safety precautions and restrictions. You must know them also. JACKING PROCEDURES The jacking procedures vary for each aircraft type and its configuration. The procedures that follow are examples of what you could encounter. Fairly exacting steps are given to provide clarity. Remember these steps are from representative type aircraft, and are not necessarily accurate for all. When actually jacking aircraft, you must follow the exact procedures described in your MIMs. The location of your aircratt will determine what you need for equipment. Jacking procedures on a ship require tiedown procedures to prevent aircraft from shifting on jacks. When tiedown chains are to be used, position them in accordance with the MIM, so as not to interfere with the landing gear during the drop check of the gear. Jacking

procedures on land do not require tiedowns, except in high-wind conditions. Aboard ship, squadron maintenance controls will request, through the carrier air group (CAG), permission to place an aircraft on jacks. Check your MIM for jacking restrictions, warnings, and cautions. Obtain the support equipment required by the MIM, ensuring all preoperational inspections have been completed. Make sure that all protective covers and ground safety devices are installed, as required by the MIM. The surrounding area around the aircraft must be roped off during the entire aircraft jacking operation, and signs posted stating DANGER: AIRCRAFT ON JACKS? The area below and around the aircraft must be cleared of all equipment not required for the jacking operation. Install jack adapters, aircraft mooring adapters, and tiedown chains as required by the MIM. Figure 3-29 shows anRaising Aircraft Apply jack pressure on each jack without lifting the aircraft, and check to see that the base of each jack is evenly seated. Correct base position of jack, as required, for firm base seating. For shipboard operations, all jacks must be tied down before jacking aircraft with a minimum of three tiedown chains per jack. The jack must be tied down at the spring-loaded wheel caster mounts, thus allowing the jacks to make small move- ments with the aircraft jack points. Release the aircraft parking brake. Remove main landing gear chocks. Jack aircraft evenly and extend tiedown chains while jacking. Extension of tiedown chains must be coordinated in a way that preload on each tiedown chain is partially removed before jacking. Partial preload is maintained with jacking of aircraft by rotation of the chain tensioning grip. 3-42