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PERATAAN BEBAN PADA PORTAL

PELAT LANTAI
tebal pelat
1. Berat sendiri pelat
2. Berat Ubin (tebal 10mm)
3. Berat spesi (tebal 20mm)
3. Berat dinding
4. Beban hidup untuk sekolah

0.12 m
: 0.12x2400
: 0.01x2400
: 0.02x2400
: 250

288
24
48
250
250

kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2

WL (total beban hidup)


250 kg/m2
Faktor Reduksi Beban Hidup 0.9 (PPIUG hal 21Gedung Sekolah)
WL =
225 kg/m2
WD (total
n beban mati)
Total WD
610 kg/m2

no

trapesium
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

no

segitiga

H
1.8
1.3
1.05

1
2
3

no

doble segitiga

segitiga cntilever
1

L
4.05
3.6
3.6

WL
qekLive
225 298.3333
225 241.6435
225 209.4531
225
225

WD
610
610
610
0
0

1.8

WL
225

qekLive
270

WD
qekDead
610
732

7.2

WL
225

qekLive
202.5

WD
qekDead
610
549

2.6

WL
225

qekLive
146.25

WD
qekDead
610
396.5

1
2
3

no

610 kg/m2

qekDead
808.8148
655.1224
567.8507

A. PELAT LANTAI
Pelat Tipe A
Ly
Lx = 3
fy = 320 1,4 0.004375
1.4
min
fy
Lx
f = 30
Ly = 4.2
Wu= 8.24 kN/m2
1= 0.85 1 0.85 f ' c 600 0.0442
b
fy
600 fy
x = 42
Mlx =
3.11472 dx= 90

0
,
75

b
x = 18
Mly =
1.33488 b = 1000 m ax
0.0331
x = 72
Mtx =
-5.33952 dy= 80
x = 55
Mty =
-4.0788
Luas tulangan arah x akibat momen lapangan arah x
Mlx 3893400
1
2 m Rn
0.0015165

1 1

Mn

m
fy

0,8
Mn
0.480667
<min
maka
dipakai
min
Rn

bd2
fy
As lx m in b d 393.75 dipasang
m
12.54902
0,85 f ' c

610 - 160

Luas tulangan arah y akibat momen lapangan arah y


Mly
1
2 m Rn
#DIV/0!
1 1

Mn
1668600

m
fy
0,8

Mn
0.260719
<min
maka
dipakai
min
Rn

bd2
fy
As lx m in b d
0 dipasang
m
#DIV/0!
0,85 f ' c

610 - 160

Luas tulangan arah x akibat momen lapangan arah x


Mlx #VALUE!
1
2 m Rn
#DIV/0!

1 1

Mn

m
fy

0,8
Mn
#VALUE!
<min
maka
dipakai
min
Rn

bd2
fy
As lx m in b d
0 dipasang
m
#DIV/0!
0,85 f ' c

610 - 160

Luas tulangan arah x akibat momen lapangan arah x


Mly

Mn
#VALUE! 1 1 1 2 m Rn #DIV/0!

0,8

Rn
m

fy

Mn
#VALUE! <min maka dipakai min
bd2
fy
As lx m in b d
#DIV/0!

0,85 f ' c

0 dipasang

610 - 160

TABEL PERHITUNGAN PELAT LANTAI DAN PELAT ATAP 2 ARAH


Nama Pelat
Tipe Pelat
Lx (m)
Ly (m)
Ly/Lx
Wu (kN/m2)
X (lx)
X (ly)
X (tx)
X (ty)
Mlx (kNm)
Mly (kNm)
Mtx (kNm)
Mty (kNm)
fy (Mpa)
f'c (Mpa)
min
1
b
max
dx (mm)
dy (mm)
Mn {lx} (Nmm)
Mn {ly} (Nmm)
Mn {tx} (Nmm)
Mn {ty} (Nmm)
Rn {lx} (N/mm2)
Rn {ly} (N/mm2)
Rn {tx} (N/mm2)
Rn {ty} (N/mm2)
m
{lx}
{ly}
{tx}
{ty}
Aslx (mm2)
Asly (mm2)
Astx (mm2)
Asty (mm2)
As 10
Jarak {lx}
Jarak {ly}
Jarak {tx}
Jarak {ty}
Ast (lx)
Ast (ly)
Ast (tx)
Ast (ty)

PL 1
I-2

PL 2
I-2

3
4.2
1.4
8.24
42
18
72
55
3.11472
1.33488
-5.33952
-4.0788
320
30
0.004375
0.85
0.044175
0.033131
90
80
3893400
1668600
6674400
5098500
0.480667
0.260719
0.824
0.796641
12.54902
0.001517
0.000819
0.002618
0.00253
393.75
350
393.75
350
78.57143
180
200
180
200
436.5079
392.8571
436.5079
392.8571

4
4.2
1.05
8.24
27.25
24.25
54
51.75
3.59264
3.19712
-7.11936
-6.82272
320
30
0.004375
0.85
0.044175
0.033131
90
80
4490800
3996400
8899200
8528400
0.55442
0.624438
1.098667
1.332563
12.54902
0.001752
0.001976
0.003511
0.004279
393.75
350
393.75
350
78.57143
180
200
180
200
436.5079
392.8571
436.5079
392.8571

PL 3
I-2
2.5
4.2
1.68
8.24
50.6
15
79.2
54
2.6059
0.7725
-4.0788
-2.781
320
30
0.004375
0.85
0.044175
0.033131
90
80
3257375
965625
5098500
3476250
0.402145
0.150879
0.629444
0.543164
12.54902
0.001267
0.000473
0.001992
0.001716
393.75
350
393.75
350
78.57143
180
200
180
200
436.5079
392.8571
436.5079
392.8571

PA 4
I-2

PA 5
I-2

3
4.2
1.4
5.772
42
18
72
55
2.181816
0.935064
-3.74026
-2.85714
320
30
0.004375
0.85
0.044175
0.033131
70
60
2727270
1168830
4675320
3571425
0.556586
0.324675
0.954147
0.992063
12.54902
0.001759
0.001021
0.00304
0.003163
306.25
262.5
306.25
262.5
78.57143
250
280
250
280
314.2857
280.6122
314.2857
280.6122

4
4.2
1.05
5.772
27.25
24.25
54
51.75
2.516592
2.239536
-4.98701
-4.77922
320
30
0.004375
0.85
0.044175
0.033131
70
60
3145740
2799420
6233760
5974020
0.641988
0.777617
1.272196
1.65945
12.54902
0.002032
0.002468
0.00408
0.005366
306.25
262.5
306.25
262.5
78.57143
250
280
250
280
314.2857
280.6122
314.2857
280.6122

PA 6
I-2
2.5
4.2
1.68
5.772
50.6
15
79.2
54
1.825395
0.541125
-2.85714
-1.94805
320
30
0.004375
0.85
0.044175
0.033131
70
60
2281744
676406.3
3571425
2435063
0.465662
0.187891
0.728862
0.676406
12.54902
0.001469
0.000589
0.002311
0.002143
306.25
262.5
306.25
262.5
78.57143
250
280
250
280
314.2857
280.6122
314.2857
280.6122

TABEL PERHITUNGAN PELAT LANTAI DAN PELAT ATAP 1 ARAH


Nama Pelat
Tipe Pelat
Lx (m)
Ly (m)
Ly/Lx
Wu (kN/m2)
Ml (kNm)
Mt (kNm)
dx (mm)
Mn {lx} (Nmm)
Mn {tx} (Nmm)
al (mm)
at (mm)
Asl (mm2)
Ast (mm2)
l
t
min
Aslx (mm2)
n {lx}
n {tx}
n {lx} use
n {tx} use
As 10
As n10 {lx}
As n10 {tx}
Jarak {lx}
Jarak {tx}
Jarak {lx} use
Jarak {tx} use
As bagi {ty}
n bagi
n bagi use
s bagi (mm)

PL 7
I-2
1.5
4.2
2.8
8.24
2.3175
0.7725
90
2896875
965625
1.271
0.422
101.2828
33.62813
0.001125
0.000374
0.004375
393.75
5.015924
0.428384
6
2
78.57143
471.4286
157.1429
166.6667
500
160
500
235.2
2.996178
4
250

PA 8
I-2
1.8
4.2
2.333333
5.772
2.33766
0.77922
70
2922075
974025
1.282
0.425
102.1594
33.86719
0.001459
0.000484
0.004375
306.25
3.901274
0.431429
4
2
78.57143
314.2857
157.1429
250
500
250
500
196
2.496815
4
250

TABEL PERHITUNGAN PENULANGAN BALOK TIPE 1-1


Letak Tulangan TA,TA',LBC,LCD TB - TD
TC
LAB - LDA'
Mu (Nmm)
7403500 11845600 10768700
8641150

0.8
0.8
0.8
0.8
Mn (Nmm)
9254375 14807000 13460875 10801438
b (mm)
200
200
200
200
d (mm)
246
246
246
246
Rn
0.764622166 1.223395 1.112175 0.8924448
m
12.55
12.55
12.55
12.55

0.002426387 0.00392 0.003555 0.0028395


min
0.004375 0.004375 0.004375 0.004375
Ast (mm2)
215.25
215.25
215.25
215.25
As' (mm2)
107.625 107.625 107.625
107.625
n
1.903227862 1.903228 1.903228 1.9032279
n use
2
2
2
2
cek tulangan
a (mm)
13.50588235 13.50588 13.50588 13.505882
Mn 1 Nmm
16479337.41 16479337 16479337 16479337
tulangan
tunggal
tunggal
tunggal
tunggal
tulangan
12
12
12
12
Ast (mm2)
226.194671 226.1947 226.1947 226.19467

Perhitungan Balok
Data :
* Nama Balok
* Dimensi Balok
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

Selimut Beton
Kualitas beton
fy
f'c ( 0.083*K Beton )
Diameter :
Tulangan
Sengkang
d

min

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*
*

h:
b:
:

:
:
:
:
:
(1.4/fy)
( fc )/4fy
min pakai ( terkecil )
balance
(0.85*fc* )/40*[600/(600+fy)]
max
0.75* balance

Penulangan Tumpuan
Mu
110
Mn
129.4117647
(Mu/0.85)
Rn
5.580967986
Mn/(bd^2)
m
26.14379085
fy/(0.85*fc"')

0.018357731
1/m-[1-( 1-(2*Rn*m)/fy)]

0.018358
Pakai
As
1250.1798
*b*d
n Tulangan
4.407584286
n Pakai
5
Penulangan Lapangan
Mu
50
Mn
58.82352941
(Mu/0.85)
Rn
2.53680363
Mn/(bd^2)
m
26.14379085
fy/(0.85*fc"')

0.006978626
1/m-[1-( 1-(2*Rn*m)/fy)]

BRWF2
400
200
40
K
225
400
18
19
10
340.5
0.0035
0.002652
0.002652
0.195075

mm
mm
mm

mm
mm
mm

0.146306

kNm
kNm
N/mm2

min < < max

min
max

0.002652
0.146306

min
max

0.002652
0.146306

mm2
19
19

kNm
kNm
N/mm2

min < < max

*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*

Pakai
As
*b*d
n Tulangan
n Pakai

0.00697863
475.244703 mm2
1.675503864
2

D
D

19
19

Penulangan Sengkang
Tu
8.2 kNm
Vu
50 kN
fy
Vn
83.33333333 kN
D Tul
Vu/0.6
A Tul
Vc
48.1539718 kN
1/6* fc*b*d
Cek kemampuan penampang :
2
Sx y
16000000 mm3
j 1/24* fc* S x 2 y
1.697056275 kNm
Bila < tulangan torsi diperlukan
0.6*5/6* fc*b*d >Vu
144.4619154 kN >
Jika > dari Vu maka memakai tulangan geser minimum
Jika < dari Vu maka memakai tulangan geser

240 Mpa
10 mm
50.28571 mm2

<
Vu :

Tulangan geser
*
*

Vu
jVc
Vu jVc

Vs
(Vu/0.75)-Vc
Vs
<
0.75*2/3* fc*b*d
30.55118782
<
144.4619154
Kalau tidak penampang harus diperbesar
S
1008.802488
S pakai
120
Diameter

*
*

*
*
*
*
*
*
*

50 kN

Geser minimum
S = d/2 :
170.25 mm
S pakai
100 mm

50 kN
36.11547885 kN
Yes
Pakai tulangan geser minimum
No
Hitung Vs
30.55118782 kN

Perhitungan Torsi
Tu :
8.2 kNm
Tn :
13.66666667 kNm
Tu/0.6
fy :
400
x:
200
y:
400
Ct
0.00425625
(b*d)/( S x 2 y)
Vc
23.94196544 kN
1/6* fc*b*d
(1+(2.5*Ct*Tu/Vu) 2 )

8.2

10

*
*

*
*
*

*
*

*
*
*

*
*

*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*

Vs perlu
59.39136789
(Vu/0.6)-Vc
0.6*2/3*fc*b*d
Vs perlu
<
59.39136789
<
144.4619154
Jika tidak penampang diperbesar
Av/s
0.43605997
Vs perlu/(fy*d)
2
Sx y
16000000 mm3
Tc
2
1/15* fc* S x y
3.926482333 kNm
(1+(0.4Vu/(CtTu )))
Besar torsi yang dapat dipikul sengkang
4 Tc :
15.70592933 kNm
Ts perlu
<
Ts max
Tn-Tc
<
15.70592933
9.740184334
<
15.70592933
Bila tidak ubah penampang
x1 :
110
y1 :
310
at :
1.59
<
1.5
0.66+0.33*(y1/x1)
Bila tidak memenuhi syarat pakai 1.5
at :
1.44
At/s :
0.826492778
Ts perlu
a t*x1*y1*fy
Luas tulangan untuk memikul torsi
Av+2At :
2.089045527
>
b/(3*fy)
2.089045527
>
0.166667
Bila tidak pakai
0.166666667
Yang dipakai
1
Tulangan yang dipakai :
10 mm
As :
78.57142857 mm2
S perlu
157.1428571 mm
Spasi maksimum :
1/3* fc*b*d < Vs < 2/3* fc*b*d
96.3079436
<
59.39136789
Bila < Smax
s<1/2d
170.25
Bila > Smax
s<1/4d<300mm
85.125
Syarat penulangan momen torsi untuk sengkang tertutup
Smax :
105
<
300
(x1+y1)/4
S pakai (mm)
100
Diameter
10
Perhitungan tulangan torsi
Al :
694.2539339 mm2
2At/S ( x1+y1 )

Syarat Al min
2.8*Tu
fy*(Tu+1/3V/Ct)
=
0.94752228
=
-693.3064116
* Al pakai :
* n Tulangan :

Kesimpulan
1 Dimensi Balok
2 Selimut Beton
3 Tulangan
Atas
Bawah
4 Sengkang

2At
S
1.652985557

694
2.446738857
3

h:
b:
Tumpuan
5
2
1/4 l
1/2 l

5 Torsi
4
( Kalau ada )
Dipasang disisi kiri dan kanan balok

( X1+Y1 )

420

19
Diameter

19

400 mm
200 mm
40 mm
Lapangan
Diameter
2
19
5
19
10
10
Diameter
16

100
120

BALOK ATAP 1-1 DAN 8-8


Lebar (m)
Tinggi (m)
Wpelat (kg/m2)
Tebal pelat
h trapesium
Perhitungan Beban
W balok
W listplang
W pelat
WD (kg/m2)
WL (kg/m2)
WU (kg/m2)
Perhitungan Momen
MtA = MtA' (kgm)
MtB = MtD (kgm)
MtC (kgm)
MlAB = MlDA' (kgm)
MlBC = MlCD (kgm)
Perhitungan Tulangan
P (mm)
D (mm)
S (mm)
deff (mm)
max
min
Perhitungan Gaya Geser
VB ki = VB ka (kg)
VA=VB ka=VD ki=VA' (kg)
Perhitungan Tulangan Geser
VC (N)
1/2 VC (N)
VC (N)

0.2
0.3
321
0.1
0.9
96
38.4
271.2122
405.6122
101.3878
648.9551
715.473
1144.757
1040.688
817.6834
715.473
40
12
8
246
0.03313
0.004375
1567.227
1362.806
44913.25
16842.47
33684.94

Perhitungan tulangan utama


Letak Tulangan TA,TA',LBC,LCD
Mu (Nmm)
7154730

0.8
Mn (Nmm)
8943412.5
b (mm)
200
d (mm)
246
Rn
0.738929581
m
12.55

0.002343621
min
0.004375
2
Ast (mm )
215.25
As' (mm2)
107.625
n
1.903227862
n use
2
cek tulangan
a (mm)
13.50588235
Mn 1 Nmm
16479337.41
tulangan
tunggal
tulangan
12
Ast (mm2)
226.194671

TB - TD
TC
LAB - LDA'
11447568 10406880 8176834.3
0.8
0.8
0.8
14309460 13008600 10221043
200
200
200
246
246
246
1.1822873 1.0748067 0.8444909
12.55
12.55
12.55
0.0037845 0.0034327 0.0026842
0.004375 0.004375 0.004375
215.25
215.25
215.25
107.625
107.625
107.625
1.9032279 1.9032279 1.9032279
2
2
2
13.505882 13.505882 13.505882
16479337 16479337 16479337
tunggal
tunggal
tunggal
12
12
12
226.19467 226.19467 226.19467

Tulangan penahan geser


Letak Tulangan
TBki;TBka
TA,Tbka,TC,Tdki,TA'
Vu (N)
15672.26571 13628.057
Tulangan
0
0
Sengkang Praktis
max
123
123
sengkang
8
8
Jarak (mm)
120
120

TABEL PENULANGAN BALOK LANTAI


TYPE 1-1 (BALOK INDUK)
Tulangan Lentur ;
f'c
fy
h (mm)
b (mm)
D sengkang
p
D Tul Utama
min
max

20
320
400
300
8
20
14
0.004375
0.0221

Tumpuan
lapangan

Mu
(Nmm)
2.84E+07
1.94E+07

4/3

0.0028523 0.003803
0.0019312 0.0025749

Mu/
(Nmm)
3.55E+07
2.43E+07

d
(mm)

d'
(mm)
365
365

Rn
m
(N/mm2)
35 0.8882217 18.82353
35 0.606743 18.82353

As
Tulangan As Terpasang
(mm2)
terpasang
(mm2)
4 14
416.4301297
615.44
479.0625
4 14
615.44

Cek kapasitas Penampang Terhadap Lentur

Tumpuan
lapangan

a
(mm)
38.615843
38.615843

Mn
Mn
(Nmm)
(Nmm)
68080874.48 54464699.6
68080874.48 54464699.6

Mn> Mu
(Nmm)
ok
ok

Tulangan Geser :

Tumpuan
lapangan

Vu
Vn
Vc
Vs
Keterangan
D Sengkang
(N)
(N)
(N)
(N)
( mm)
4.95E+04 6.61E+04 81616.481 -1.56E+04 Tul Sengkang Min
8
2.16E+04 2.88E+04 8705.758 2.01E+04 Tul Sengkang Min
8

Av
(mm2)
100.48
100.48

S
(mm)
7.54E+02
7.30E+02

S max
(mm)
182.5
182.5

Tul Sengkang
8 -160
8 -170

Perhitungan Balok
Data :
* Nama Balok
* Dimensi Balok
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

Selimut Beton
Kualitas beton
fy
f'c ( 0.083*K Beton )
Diameter :
Tulangan
Sengkang
d

min

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*

h:
b:
:

:
:
:
:
:
(1.4/fy)
( fc )/4fy
min pakai ( terkecil )
balance
(0.85*fc* )/fy*[600/(600+fy)]
max
0.75* balance

Penulangan Tumpuan
Mu
120
Mn
141.1764706
(Mu/0.85)
Rn
3.263213587
Mn/(bd^2)
m
26.14379085
fy/(0.85*fc"')

0.009284971
1/m-[1-( 1-(2*Rn*m)/fy)]

0.00928497
Pakai
As
1057.790207
*b*d
n Tulangan
3.729303173
n Pakai
6

BR
450
300
40
K
225
400
18
19
10
379.75
0.0035
0.002652
0.002652
0.019508

mm
mm
mm

mm
mm
mm

0.014631

kNm
kNm
N/mm2

min < < max

mm2

Penulangan Lapangan
Mu
116.5 kNm
Mn
137.0588235 kNm
(Mu/0.85)
Rn
3.168036524 N/mm2
Mn/(bd^2)

19
19

min
max

0.002652
0.014631

*
*
*
*
*
*

*
*
*
*

*
*
*

m
26.14379085
fy/(0.85*fc"')

0.00897244 min < < max


1/m-[1-( 1-(2*Rn*m)/fy)]

0.006917152
Pakai
As
788.0365416 mm2
*b*d
n Tulangan
2.778270356
D
n Pakai
6
D

min
max

19
19

Penulangan Sengkang
Tu
5 kNm
Vu
73.1 kN
fy
Vn
121.8333333 kN
D Tul
Vu/0.6
A Tul
Vc
80.55714005 kN
1/6* fc*b*d
Cek kemampuan penampang :
Sx2y
40500000 mm3
j 1/24* fc* S x 2 y
4.295673696 kNm
Bila < tulangan torsi diperlukan
0.6*5/6* fc*b*d >Vu
241.6714201 kN >
Jika > dari Vu maka memakai tulangan geser minimum
Jika < dari Vu maka memakai tulangan geser

240 Mpa
10 mm
78.57143 mm2

<

Vu
jVc
Vu jVc

Vs
(Vu/0.75)-Vc
0.75*2/3*fc*b*d
Vs
<
37.04881163
<
241.6714201
Kalau tidak penampang harus diperbesar
S
927.7706487
S pakai
120
Diameter

*
*

*
*

73.1
60.41785504
Yes
No
37.04881163

73.1 kN

Geser minimum
S = d/2 :
189.875 mm
S pakai
100 mm

kN
kN
Pakai tulangan geser minimum
Hitung Vs
kN

Perhitungan Torsi
Tu :
5 kNm
Tn :
8.333333333 kNm
Tu/0.6

5
Vu :

Tulangan geser
*
*

0.002652
0.014631

10

*
*
*
*
*

*
*

*
*
*

*
*

*
*
*

*
*

*
*
*
*
*

fy :
400
x:
300
y:
450
Ct
0.002812963
(b*d)/( S x 2 y)
Vc
72.59541087 kN
1/6* fc*b*d
(1+(2.5*Ct*Tu/Vu) 2 )
Vs perlu
49.23792246
(Vu/0.6)-Vc
0.6*2/3*fc*b*d
Vs perlu
<
49.23792246
<
241.6714201
Jika tidak penampang diperbesar
Av/s
0.324146955
Vs perlu/(fy*d)
Sx2y
40500000 mm3
Tc
1/15* fc* S x 2 y
4.96548638 kNm
(1+(0.4Vu/(CtTu )))
Besar torsi yang dapat dipikul sengkang ( Ts max )
4 Tc :
19.86194552 kNm
Ts perlu
<
Ts max
Tn-Tc
<
19.86194552
3.367846954
<
19.86194552
Bila tidak ubah penampang
x1 :
210
y1 :
360
at :
1.225714286
<
1.5
0.66+0.33*(y1/x1)
Bila tidak memenuhi syarat pakai 1.5
at :
1.036218487
At/s :
0.179129855
Ts perlu
a t*x1*y1*fy
Luas tulangan untuk memikul torsi
Av+2At :
0.682406665
>
b/(3*fy)
0.682406665
>
0.25
Bila tidak pakai
0.25
Yang dipakai
3.479722123
Tulangan yang dipakai :
10 mm
As :
78.57142857 mm2
S perlu
45.15959941 mm
Spasi maksimum :
1/3* fc*b*d < Vs

*
*
*

161.1142801
<
49.23792246
Bila < Smax
s<1/2d
189.875
Bila > Smax
s<1/4d<300mm
94.9375
Syarat penulangan momen torsi untuk sengkang tertutup
Smax :
142.5
<
(x1+y1)/4
S pakai (mm)
100
Diameter
Perhitungan tulangan torsi
Al :
204.2080346 mm2
2At/S ( x1+y1 )

Syarat Al min
2.8*Tu
fy*(Tu+1/3V/Ct)
=
0.768539488
=
-203.4394951
* Al pakai :
* n Tulangan :

300
10

Kesimpulan
1 Dimensi Balok
2 Selimut Beton
3 Tulangan
Atas
Bawah
4 Sengkang
5 Torsi
( Kalau ada )

2At
S
0.35825971

2275
8.02064971
6

h:
b:
Tumpuan
6
6
1/4 l
1/2 l

( X1+Y1 )

570

19
Diameter

19

450 mm
300 mm
40 mm
Lapangan
Diameter
6
19
6
19
10
10
Diameter
19

100
200

Beban Pelat
Respon spektrum
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

Beban Mati
Beban plat
Beban tegel
Beban spesi
Baban plafon
Beban penggantung
Tandon Air
Beban M&E
Beban Total

0.15
0
0
1
1
1
1

x
x
x
x
x
x
x

2400
24
21
11
7
2000
48

=
=
=
=
=
=
=

360
0
0
11
7
2000
48
2426

kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2

*
*
*
*

Beban Mati Atap


Beban plat
Beban M&E
Baban plafon
Beban penggantung
Beban Total

0.1
1
0
0

x
x
x
x

2400
48
11
7

=
=
=
=

240
48
0
0
288

kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2

No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

No
1
2
3
4

Beban pada balok


Jenis persegi
1
2
4
6
7
2 atap
4 atap

Jenis Bujur sangkar


3
3 atap
5
5 atap

W
423
423
423
423
423
288
288

x(m) y(m)
3.60 4.05
3.00 7.20
1.80 2.70
1.95 3.60
3.60 8.10
3.00 7.20
1.80 4.00

W
x(m)
441 3.60
2426 3.60
423 4.50
288 4.50

y(m)
3.60
3.60
4.50
4.50

Lt(m) ht(m)
4.05 1.80
7.20 1.50
2.70 0.90
3.60 0.98
8.10 1.80
7.20 1.50
4.00 0.90

Ls(m)
3.60
3.60
4.50
4.50

Ls (m)
3.60
3.00
1.80
1.95
3.60
3.00
1.80

0
0.2
1
1.2
1.4
1.6
1.8
2
2.2
2.4
2.6
2.8
3

0.38
0.95
0.95
0.7916667
0.6785714
0.59375
0.5277778
0.475
0.4318182
0.3958333
0.3653846
0.3392857
0.3166667

hs (m)
Qt (kg/m2) Qs (kg/m2) Qt (kN/m2) Qs (kN/m2)
1.80
560.87
507.60
5.50
4.98
1.50
597.78
423.00
5.86
4.15
0.90
324.30
253.80
3.18
2.49
0.98
372.09
274.95
3.65
2.70
1.80
711.27
507.60
6.98
4.98
1.50
407.00
288.00
3.99
2.83
0.90
241.70
172.80
2.37
1.70

hs(m) Qs (kg/m2) Qs (kN/m2)


1.80
529.20
5.19
1.80
2911.20
28.56
2.25
634.50
6.22
2.25
432.00
4.24

*
*
*

No
1
2
3
4
5
6
7

No
1
2
3
4

Beban Hidup
Untuk pelat
Untuk atap
Beban air hujan
Beban untuk plat
Beban untuk atap
Beban pada balok
Jenis persegi
1
2
4
6
7
2 atap
4 atap

Jenis Bujur sangkar


3
3 atap
5
5 atap

250
100
20
250
120

W
250
250
250
250
250
120
120

kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2
kg/m2

x(m) y(m)
3.60 4.05
3.00 7.20
1.80 2.70
1.95 3.60
3.60 8.10
3.00 7.20
1.80 4.00

W
x(m) y(m)
250
3.6 3.6
120
3.6 3.6
250 4.50 4.50
120 4.50 4.50

Lt(m) ht(m)
4.05 1.80
7.20 1.50
2.70 0.90
3.60 0.98
8.10 1.80
7.20 1.50
4.00 0.90

Ls (m)
3.60
3.00
1.80
1.95
3.60
3.00
1.80

hs (m)
Qt (kg/m2) Qs (kg/m2) Qt (kN/m2) Qs (kN/m2)
1.80
331.48
300.00
3.25
2.94
1.50
353.30
250.00
3.47
2.45
0.90
191.67
150.00
1.88
1.47
0.98
219.91
162.50
2.16
1.59
1.80
420.37
300.00
4.12
2.94
1.50
169.58
120.00
1.66
1.18
0.90
100.71
72.00
0.99
0.71

Ls(m) hs(m) Qs (kg/m2) Qs (kN/m2)


3.6 1.8
300.00
2.94
3.6 1.8
144.00
1.41
4.50 2.25
375.00
3.68
4.50 2.25
180.00
1.77

BALOK PORTAL UTAMA


Data Perencanan
fc'
18
fy
400
Beta'
0.85

jika fc' >30, maka beta dihitung


beta '

Dimensi Balok
lebar
tinggi
deking
D. tlg Long
D. tlg Stirrup
dx
rho min
rho balance

300
600
40
19
10
540.5
0.00350
0.00265
0.020

rho maks
m

mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm

konstruksi tidak langsung berhubungan dengan tanah dan cuaca

yang dipakai nilai yang terbesar

b=(0.85.fc./fy)(600/(600+fy))
mak=0.75 b

0.015
26.144

MU
MN
Rn

270000000 Nmm
337500000
3.85089011

rho perlu

0.01129486

Kontrol kondisi rho perlu


rho min
<
rho perlu
0.00350
<
0.011295
As

<
<

rho maks
0.015

OK !!!

1831.46097

Jumlah Tulangan
no.

Tipe Balok
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

6.462801
b
mm

h
deking
Dl
Dt
dx
m
Mu
mm mm
mm mm mm
Nmm
300 400
40
10
19 341
26.144

Mn
Nmm
0

ah dan cuaca

Rn
0

Diagram Interaksi Kolom


8670 c2 - 920 As c + 246000 As = 0
(%)
b
h
Ast (mm2)
As=As'
f'c (MPa)
fy (Mpa)
P0 (N)
kN
Pnmax (KN)

1
1.1
1.2
400
400
400
450
450
450
1800
1980
2160
900
990
1080
30
30
30
320
320
320
5120100 5173110 5226120
5120.1 5173.11 5226.12
4096.08 4138.488 4180.896

1.3
1.4
400
400
450
450
2340
2520
1170
1260
30
30
320
320
5279130 5332140
5279.13 5332.14
4223.304 4265.712

1.5
1.6
400
400
450
450
2700
2880
1350
1440
30
30
320
320
5385150 5438160
5385.15 5438.16
4308.12 4350.528

cb
s=y
ab
's

267.3913 267.3913 267.3913 267.3913 267.3913 267.3913 267.3913


0.0016
0.0016
0.0016
0.0016
0.0016
0.0016
0.0016
227.28261 227.2826 227.2826 227.28261 227.2826 227.2826 227.2826
0.0025512 0.002551 0.002551 0.0025512 0.002551 0.002551 0.002551

Pnb(N)
kN
Mnb(Nmm)
kNm
e(mm)
c1 (kalkulator)
a
ko~ s
ko~ 's
M0(Nmm)
KNm

2295332.6
2295.3326
360475177
360.47518
157.04703
47.750865
40.588235
0.0227587
0.000487
168686931
168.68693

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
184.3236 186.232 188.1403 190.04868 191.957 193.8654 195.7738
360.47518 370.7066 380.938 391.16945 401.4009 411.6323 421.8637
168.68693 199.1066 229.3582 259.44171 289.3572 319.1047 348.6842

5120.1 5173.11 5226.12


5279.13 5332.14 5385.15 5438.16
4096.08 4138.488 4180.896 4223.304 4265.712 4308.12 4350.528
2295.3326 2293.038 2290.743 2288.4476 2286.153 2283.858 2281.563
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

2290743
2290.743
3.81E+08
380.938
166.2946
57.30104
48.70588
0.018466
0.000906
2.29E+08
229.3582

2288447.6
2288.4476
391169452
391.16945
170.93223
62.076125
52.764706
0.0168144
0.0010669
259441713
259.44171

2286153
2286.153
4.01E+08
401.4009
175.5792
66.85121
56.82353
0.015399
0.001205
2.89E+08
289.3572

2283858
2283.858
4.12E+08
411.6323
180.2355
71.6263
60.88235
0.014172
0.001325
3.19E+08
319.1047

2281563
2281.563
4.22E+08
421.8637
184.9012
76.40138
64.94118
0.013099
0.001429
3.49E+08
348.6842

DIAGRAM INTERAKSI KOLOM


6000
5000

Pn (kN0

2293038
2293.038
3.71E+08
370.7066
161.6662
52.52595
44.64706
0.020417
0.000715
1.99E+08
199.1066

4000
3000

2000
1000

1000
0
0

100

200

300
Mn (kNm)

1.7
1.75
1.9
400
400
400
450
450
450
3060
3150
3420
1530
1575
1710
30
30
30
320
320
320
5491170 5517675 5597190
5491.17 5517.675 5597.19
4392.936 4414.14 4477.752

2
400
450
3600
1800
30
320
5650200
5650.2
4520.16

5.5
400
450
9900
4950
30
320
7505550
7505.55
6004.44

6
400
450
10800
5400
30
320
7770600
7770.6
6216.48

267.3913 267.3913 267.3913 267.3913 267.3913 267.3913


0.0016
0.0016
0.0016
0.0016
0.0016
0.0016
227.2826 227.2826 227.2826 227.2826 227.2826 227.2826
0.002551 0.002551 0.002551 0.002551 0.002551 0.002551
2279268
2279.268
4.32E+08
432.0952
189.5763
81.17647
69
0.012152
0.001522
3.78E+08
378.0956

2278120
2278.12
4.37E+08
437.2109
191.9174
83.56401
71.02941
0.011719
0.001564
3.93E+08
392.7383

2274678
2274.678
4.53E+08
452.558
198.9548
191.0035
162.353
0.00344
0.002372
7.21E+08
721.295

2272383
2272.383
4.63E+08
462.7894
203.6582
212.226
180.3921
0.002796
0.002435
7.77E+08
776.901

2192058
2192.058
8.21E+08
820.8893
374.4835
233.45
198.4325
0.002269
0.002486
1.32E+09
1315.385

2180583
2180.583
8.72E+08
872.0464
399.9144
254.6713
216.4706
0.00183
0.002529
1.43E+09
1429.851

0
0
0
0
0
0
197.6821 198.6363 201.4988 203.4072 270.1998 279.7416
432.0952 437.2109 452.558 462.7894 820.8893 872.0464
378.0956 392.7383 721.295 776.901 1315.385 1429.851
5491.17 5517.675 5597.19
5650.2 7505.55
7770.6
4392.936 4414.14 4477.752 4520.16 6004.44 6216.48
2279.268 2278.12 2274.678 2272.383 2192.058 2180.583
0
0
0
0
0
0
8

10

11 tidak memenuhi

400

500

TABEL PERHITUNGAN PENULANGAN KOLOM


Nama kolom
k1
k2
k3
k4
b (mm)
400
400
400
400
h (mm)
400
450
400
450
4
Ik (mm )
2.13E+09 3.04E+09 2.13E+09 3.04E+09
4
Ib (mm )
3.04E+09 3.04E+09 3.04E+09 3.04E+09
Ec (Mpa)
25742.96 25742.96 25742.96 25742.96
2
D lantai (kN/m )
3.93
3.93
3.93
3.93
2
L lantai (kN/m )
1.5
1.5
1.5
1.5
Bd
0.662732 0.662732 0.662732 0.662732
Eik (Nmm2)
1.32E+13 1.88E+13 1.32E+13 1.88E+13
2
Eik (kNm )
13211.59 18811.03 13211.59 18811.03
Eib (Nmm2)
9.41E+12 9.41E+12 9.41E+12 9.41E+12
Eib (kNm2)
9405.514 9405.514 9405.514 9405.514
A
0.758519 2.454545 0.624295 0.981818
B
0
0
0
0
k
0.61
0.66
0.6
0.626
Batas kelangsingan
r (m)
0.12
0.135
0.12
0.135
u (m)
4.8
4.775
4.8
4.775
M1
-3.9721
9.1049
7.3934 -10.1509
M2
9.7336 -16.5689 -13.0688 22.2793
(k x u)/r
24.4 23.34444
24 22.14185
34-12(M1/M2)
38.89698 40.59421 40.78875 39.46744
(k x u)/r 34-12(M1/M2) maka pembesaran momen dapat diabaikan
Perencanaan Tulangan
Mu (kNm)
85.3304 99.4338 114.3076 94.9318
Pu (kN)
345.33 442.166 140.898
361.41
2
Ag (mm )
160000
180000
160000
180000
e (mm)
247.0981 224.8789 811.2791 262.6707
Pu/(0,85*f'c*Ag*)
0.130215 0.148204 0.043167 0.121136
use
0.65
0.65
0.8
0.65
Pu/(0,85*f'c*Ag*) x (e/h)
0.08044 0.074062 0.087552 0.070709

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
Ast (mm2)
1600
1800
1600
1800
As
800
900
800
900
Tulangan 20
3
3
3
3
2
As terpasang (mm )
942
942
942
942

k5

k6

k7

400
400
2.13E+09
3.04E+09
25742.96
3.21
0.9
0.727891
1.27E+13
12713.37
9.05E+12
9050.83
0.48623
0.758519
0.70625

400
450
3.04E+09
3.04E+09
25742.96
3.21
0.9
0.727891
1.81E+13
18101.66
9.05E+12
9050.83
1.8
2.454545
0.85

400
450
3.04E+09
3.04E+09
25742.96
3.21
0.9
0.727891
1.81E+13
18101.66
9.05E+12
9050.83
0.75
0.981818
0.75036

0.12
0.135
0.135
3.8
3.775
3.775
3.7352 -15.7205 13.0132
-14.7793 55.5072
-76.729
22.36458 23.76852 20.98229
37.03278 37.39859 36.03519

49.1254
127.478
160000
385.3637
0.039056
0.8
0.037627
0.01
1600
800
3
942

122.9175 106.3165
208.546 163.904
180000
180000
589.4023 648.651
0.056794 0.044636
0.8
0.8
0.074387 0.064341
0.01
0.01
1800
1800
900
900
3
3
942
942

Perhitungan Kolom Dengan Daktilitas Terbatas


Data :
* Nama Kolom
* Dimensi Kolom
*
*
*
*
*

Selimut Beton
Kualitas beton
fy
f'c ( 0.083*K Beton )
Diameter :

*
*
*
*
*
*
*

d'
d
d'/h
Nu :
Mu
Vu
Ag

Perhitungan tulangan kolom


* f.Ag.0.85.fc
* f.Ag.0.5.fc.h
*
Nu
f.Ag.0.85.fc
*
Nu
f.Ag.0.85.fc
*
Mu
f.Ag.0.5.fc.h
* r :
( Iterasi Kolom CUR IV )
* :
( Iterasi Kolom CUR IV )
*
r*
* As
*b*d
* Atul
1/4*22/7*D2
* n Tul
* n Pakai
Perhitungan tulangan geser
* Diameter sengkang :
* fy sengkang
* Vc
1/6* fc*b*d
* Vn
Vu/0.6
*
Vn
23.07692308

C3
h:
b:
:

Tulangan
Sengkang

320
35
15
900

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
kN
kNm
kN
cm2

300 mm
300 mm
40 mm
K
225
Mpa
400
Mpa
18
Mpa
16
mm
10
mm
58
mm
242
mm
0.19333333
B
90000 mm2

untuk f
untuk f
untuk f
untuk f

0.65
0.8
0.85
0.65

0.290486565 untuk f

0.8

8950.5
11016
206550
0.357521926

0.169450496
2.125 %
0.8
0.017
1234.2 mm2
201.1428571 mm2
6.1359375
8

D
D

10 mm
240 Mpa
51.33595231 kN
23.07692308 kN
<
<

Vc
240

16
16

Memakai tulangan geser min


S min :
d/2
S pasang

Kesimpulan
Dimensi kolom

*
*
*

Selimut beton
Tulangan
Sengkang
Tumpuan
Lapangan

121
100 mm

h:
b:

300 mm
300 mm
40 mm
D
16

8
10
10

100
120

mm
mm

1/4 l
1/2 l

Pondasi pada kolom


Dimensi kolom
t (kN/m2)
t (kN/m3)
b (kN/m3)
Kedalaman pondasi (m)
t (m)
p (mm)
D tulangan utama
Df (m)
Mu (kNm)
Pu (kN)
Berat tanah q1 (kN/m2)
Berat pondasi q2 (kN/m2)
ijin (kN/m2)
PD (mm)
PL (mm)
PE (mm)
MD (kNm)
ML (kNm)
ME (kNm)
P total (kN)
M total (kNm)
Dicoba lebar pondasi B
max terjadi (kN/m2)
max terjadi < ijin
min terjadi (kN/m2)
min terjadi > 0

k1
40/40

k2
40/45

k3
40/40

k4
40/45

300
16
24
2
0.4
70
22
1.6
85.3304
345.33
25.6
9.6
264.8
217.646
45.12
39.034
3.907
3.1533
82.1918
301.8
89.2521
1.8
184.9713
ok
1.325
ok

300
16
24
2
0.4
70
22
1.6
99.4338
442.166
25.6
9.6
264.8
281.841
64.973
11.781
5.0529
1.9009
91.4694
358.595
98.4232
1.7
244.2806
ok
3.882007
ok

300
300
16
16
24
24
2
2
0.4
0.4
70
70
22
22
1.6
1.6
114.3076 94.1254
140.898
361.41
25.6
25.6
9.6
9.6
264.8
264.8
82.871 226.515
25.106
45.992
16.347
43.6
4.782 15.2212
1.0344
2.5086
107.5348 85.4162
124.324 316.107
113.3512 103.146
6
2
6.602089 156.3863
ok
ok
0.3048 1.66725
ok
ok

PLATE FOUNDATION
Data
*
Name foundation
*
Dimension foundation
*
*

fc'
Reinforcement bar

Dimension column

*
*
*
*
*

Plate thichness
Concrete decking
d
Vu ( axial force )
Mu ( moment force )

x
y
D
fy
x
y

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Soil's up lift force


*
qC
st
*

:
:

qu
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Vu/(x*y)
Mu*6/(x*y2)
qu 1
qu 2
x at force area
y at force area
qu1-qu2
q3'
q3
qu at force area
qu ( average )

Shear checking
I One way
x direction
*
Volume at force area
*
Vu at force area
f Vc
*
0.6*1/6*fc*b*d

*
*
*

y direction
Volume at force area
Vu at force area
f Vc
0.6*1/6*fc*b*d

II
*
*
*
*
*
*

Pons
ax
ay
Aa
Aplate
A force area
bo

F1
1
1
18
16
400
350
350
300
40
236
580
20

m :
m :
Mpa
mm
Mpa
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm :
kN
kN

10 kg/cm2
580 kN/m2

580
120
700
460
1
0.089
240
218.64
678.64
689.32
580

kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2
m :
m :
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2
kN/m2

:
:
:

89000 mm2 :
62.3 kN
100.12632 kN

:
:
:

0.089 m2 :
61.34948 kN
100.12632 kN

:
:
:
:
:
:

0.586
0.586
0.343396
1
0.656604
2.344

m :
m :
m2
m2
m2
m :

1000 mm
1000 mm

:
:

0.35 m
0.35 m

0.236 m

:
<
( OK )

981 kN/m2
981 kN/m2

1000 mm
89 mm

0.089 m2
>
( OK )

62.3 kN

89000 mm2
>
( OK )

61.349 kN

586 mm
586 mm

2344 mm

*
*

*
*
*
*
*

c
ls
40 for interior column
30 for exterior column
20 for corner column
Vu at force area
Vc 1
(2+4/c)*fc*bo*d
Vc2
[(ls*d/bo)+2)]1/12*fc*bo*d
Vc3
4*fc*bo*d
Vc
The smallest among
Vc1,Vc2,Vc3
f Vc

Reinforcement desain
x direction
*
qu
*
l
*
Mu
*
Mu/bd2
*

CUR 4
*
As
*b*d
*
Atul
*
Reinforcement
*
Use

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

y direction
qu
l
Mu
Mu/bd2

CUR 4
As
*b*d
Reinforcement
Use

:
:

D
D

qu1
qu2

1
40

:
:

380.83032 kN
14081.766 kN

1178.8205 kN

9387.8438 kN

1178.82 kN

707.292 kN

:
:
:
:
:

700 kN
0.5 m
87.5 kNm
1571.0284
0.00524

1236.64 mm2

:
16
16

:
:
:
:
:
:

201.14286 mm2
162.653
150

580
700
0.5
82.5
1481.2554
0.00375

:
D
D

16
16

x
y
t

=
=
=
=
=
=

>
( OK )

380.83 kN

mm
mm

kN/m2
kN/m2
m
kNm

885 mm
-

227.28
150

mm
mm

Resume
*

Dimension plate

*
*

Concrete decking
Reinforcement bar

x
y

1
1
0.3
40
D
D

m
m
m
mm
16
16

150
150

mm
mm

PILE FOUNDATION
Data
*
Concrete quality
*
fc' pile foundation
*
fc' poer
*
fy
*
Pile dimension
*
P
*
M
*
Poer dimension

*
*

Selimut beton poer


Dimensi kolom

*
*
*
*

Diameter tulangan poer


d
qC ( conus resistant )
JHP

Kekuatan bahan tiang pancang


*
Ab
*
Ak
*
Qall
qC*Ab/3+JHP*Ak/5
*
Beban Poer
*
Pu
*
Banyak tiang pancang
*
Pt
*
Jarak antar tiang

K
:
:
:

x
y
t
x
y

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

500
40
18
400
20
550
50
0.8
1.2
0.5
50
400
400
22
417
55
550

:
:
:

400 cm2
80 cm
16133.33 kg
3180
59245.24
8
7405.655
1.5
1.5
4
2
849.4733
8255.128
6556.182
39000
9.75

Mpa
Mpa
Mpa
x
kN :
kNm :
m
m
m:
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm :
kg/cm2
kg/cm2

Jumlah tiang

*
*

Beban akibat momen


Beban gabungan

*
*

P terbesar
Cek fc' tiang pancang

:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:

Cek daya dukung tiang

16133.33 kg

:
:
:
:
:
:
:

0.8
1.2
0.5
50
817
817
3268

20685.18 kN

Penulangan poer
*
Dimensi poer

*
*
*
*

Selimut beton poer


ax
ay
bo

Geser pada ujung kolom


f Vc
0.6*4*fc*bo*d

x
y
x
y
P1
P2

x
y
t

kg
kg :
buah
kg :
m
m
buah
buah
kg
kg :
kg :
kg :
Mpa

m
m
m
mm
mm :
mm :
mm :

k
fc'
20 cm
56065.24 kg
5096.84 kgm

500 mm

0.417 m

581.1958 kN
72.64948 kN

80.98281 kN
64.31614 kN
382.59 kN
<
13.2
( OK )
>
39000 kg
( OK )

0.817 m
0.817 m
3.268 m

>
( OK )

550 kN

*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*
*

*
*

*
*
*
*
*

Geser pada ujung tiang


2 Pu
Mu
Mu/bd2

CUR 4
As
*b*d
As for
D tulangan poer
Atul
S
Geser Lentur
f Vc
0.6*1/6*fc*b*d
Vu
> perlu tulangan geser
< tidak perlu tulangan geser
Tulangan geser
S
Av
d
f Vs
0.6*2*Av*fy*d/s
f (Vc+ Vs)

Resume
*
Jumlah tiang pancang
*
Kualitas tiang pancang
*
Dimensi tiang pancang
*
Dimensi poer

*
*
*
*
*

1.2

Selimut beton poer


Tulangan poer
fc' poer
fy poer
Tulangan poer

x
y
t

:
:
:

118490.5 kg :
59245.5 kgm :
2785.294
0.0099

1162.392 kN
581.1984 kNm

0.004954 m2 :

49.5396 cm2

:
:
:
:

41.283
22
380.2857
92.11678

212.3017 kN

1162.392 kN

:
:
:
:

100
380.2857
417
761.1799

973.4816 kN

:
K
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
:
22

8
500
20
0.8
1.2
0.5
50
22
18
400
-

cm2 :
mm
mm2
mm

4128.3 mm2

>

212.3017 kN

>
( OK )

1162.392 kN

mm
mm2
mm
kN

x
m
m
m
mm
mm
Mpa
Mpa
100

20

mm

cm

225
18.675

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