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eTT+<äTe÷≥ Ç+^¢wüß˝À u≤>± e÷{≤¢&Ü\+fÒ

1. ‘√{Ïyê]‘√ kÕ<Ûä´yÓTÆq+‘· es¡≈£î Ç+^¢wt˝À e÷{≤¢&Ü*.

2. ãdüT‡˝À¢, ¬s’fi¯fl˝À¢ Á|üj·÷DÏ+#˚≥|ü&ÉT düVü≤ Á|üj·÷D°≈£î\T e÷{≤¢&ÉT≈£îH˚ e÷≥\qT eTqdüT‡˝ÀH˚ M˝…’qìï yêø±´\qT Ç+^¢wüß˝ÀøÏ ‘·s¡T®e÷ #˚j·T&ÜìøÏ Á|üj·T‹ï+#ê*.

3. ‘Ó\T>∑T dæìe÷qT dæìe÷ Vü‰\T˝À ˝Ò<ë {Ï$˝À #·÷düTÔqï|ü&ÉT nø£ÿ&É e#˚à &Ó’˝≤>∑T\qT Ç+^¢wüß˝ÀøÏ eTqdüT‡˝ÀH˚ e÷sêÃ*.

4. düuÛÑ\T, düe÷y˚XÊ\T, MT{Ï+>∑T\T eT]j·TT >∑T+|ü⁄\T>± #˚] »Hê\T e÷{≤¢&˚ dü+<äsꓤ\˝À }]øÏH˚ ≈£Ls√Ãø£ kÕ<Ûä´yÓTÆqìï ‘Ó\T>∑T˝À e÷{≤¢&˚ e÷≥\qT Ç+^¢wt˝ÀìøÏ e÷s¡Ã+&ç.

5. Ç+^¢wt˝À e÷{≤¢&˚ dü+<äsꓤ\˝À e#˚à dü+<˚Vü‰\qT ˇø£ ù||üsY MT<ä ÁyêdüTø=ì me¬s’Hê Ç+^¢wt {°#·s¡TqT ˝Ò<ë Ç+^¢wt u≤>± e∫Ãq ùdïVæ≤‘·Tì n&ç¬>’Hê dü+<˚Vü‰\qT ìeè‹Ô #˚düTø√yê*.

6. #·+<äe÷eT ø£<∏ä\ |ü⁄düÔø±\qT (Ç+^¢wüß ‘Ó\T>∑T) ø=ì yÓTT<ä≥>± ‘Ó\T>∑T #·+<äe÷eT˝À ˇø£ ø£<∏ä #·~$ Ä ‘·s¡Tyê‘· Ç+^¢wt #·+<äe÷eT˝À Ä ø£<∏äqT #·<äyê*. Ç˝≤ s√p ˇø£ ø£<∏äqT #·<äe&É+ <ë«sê Ç+^¢wt Á>±eTsY edüTÔ+~.

7. k˛Œ¬øHé Ç+^¢wt H˚s¡TÃ≈£îH˚≥|ü&ÉT ÁbÕs¡+uÛÑ+˝ÀH˚ Á>±eTsY |ü⁄düÔø±\T #·<äee<äT›. Ç+^¢wt˝À e÷{≤¢&˚≥|ü&ÉT Á>±eTsY s¡÷˝Ÿ‡ >∑Ts¡TÔ ‘Ó#·TÃø√e<äT›. s¡ø£s¡ø±\ Ä+>∑¢ yêø±´\qT ‘Ó\T>∑T nsêú\‘√ düVü‰ e÷{≤¢&É&ÉeTT nuÛÑ´dæ+#·+&ç. MTs¡T e÷{≤¢&˚ düeTj·T+˝À Á>±eTsY s¡÷˝Ÿ‡ ‘Ó#·TÃø=ì e÷{≤¢&ÉT‘·Tqï+‘· es¡≈£î MT≈£î Ç+^¢wüß˝À e÷{≤¢&É&É+sê<äT. >∑Ts¡TÔ+#·Tø√+&ç.

8. Ç+^¢wt yêø±´\qT $q&É+ MT<ä <äèwæºì πø+ÁBø£]+#·+&ç.

i

9.

Ç+{À¢ ñqï 3e ‘·s¡>∑‹>±˙ Äô|’ ‘·s¡>∑‹ #·~y˚ MT |æ\¢\‘√ eT]j·TT Á|üø£ Ç+{Ïyê] |æ\¢\‘√ Ç+^¢wt˝À e÷{≤¢&É&É+ ÁbÕs¡+_Û+#·+&ç.

10. Á|ü‹ s√p any english paper #·<äe+&ç. Á|ü‹ s√p <ëì˝Àì MT≈£î ‘Ó*j·Tì 10 Ç+^¢wt |ü<ë\qT ÁyêdüTø=ì &çø£åqØ <ë«sê yê{Ï nsêú\T ‘Ó\TdüTø√+&ç. y=ø±ãT\Ø ô|s¡T>∑T‘·T+~.

11. Ç+^¢wt˝À Áyêùd≥|ü&ÉT Ä˝À∫+#·&ÜìøÏ ‘·–q düeTj·T+ ñ+≥T+~. ø±˙ Ç+^¢wt e÷{≤¢&˚≥|ü&ÉT Ä˝À∫+#˚ e´e~Û ñ+&É<äT. yÓ+≥yÓ+≥H˚ e÷{≤¢&Ü*. $$<Ûä s¡ø±\ Ç+^¢wt yêø±´\qT u≤>± e÷{≤¢&É&ÉeTT, nuÛÑ´dæ+#·&É+ #˚‘·H˚ eTq+ yÓ+≥H˚ e÷{≤¢&É>∑\eTT.

12. H√s¡T ‘Ós¡∫ ‘·b˛Œ, ˇb˛Œ @<√ ˇø£{Ï Ç+^¢wt˝À e÷{≤¢&ÉT‘·T+&Ü*. H√s¡T ‘Ós¡∫ e÷{≤¢&É≈£î+&Ü ñ+&çq+‘·es¡≈£î MT≈£î m+‘· Á>±eTsY e∫ÃHê, Ç+^¢wt &çø£åqØ n+‘ê ø£+sƒ¡düúyÓTÆHê ˇø£ÿ yêø£´+ ≈£L&Ü Ç+^¢wt˝À e÷{≤¢&É˝Òs¡T. ø±˙ MT m<äT≥ ñqï yês¡T e÷{≤¢&˚ Á|ü‹ e÷{≤ MT≈£î #·ø£ÿ>± ns¡úeTÚ‘·T+~. ø±˙ MTs¡T e÷Á‘·+ ‹]– Ç+^¢wt˝À e÷{≤¢&É˝Òs¡T. πøe\+ e÷{≤¢&˚ nuÛ≤´dü+ #˚j·Tø£b˛e&É+ e\¢H˚. ø±ã{Ϻ H√s¡T $bÕŒ*‡+<˚.

13. ø=+‘·eT+~øÏ ùdºCŸ |òæj·TsY ñ+≥T+~. Çø£ÿ&É ˇø£ÿ $wüj·T+ >∑Ts¡TÔ+#·Tø√+&ç. eTq≈£î ‘Ó*dæq+‘·˝À Ç+^¢wt˝À e÷{≤¢&ÉT‘·T+fÒ n+<äs¡÷ yÓT#·TÃ≈£î+{≤s¡T. eTq >∑T]+∫ >=|üŒ>± }Væ≤+#·Tø=+{≤s¡T. ‘·|ü\T <=]¢Hê mes¡÷ |ü{Ϻ+#·Tø√s¡T. eTq+ #Óù|Œ y˚T≥sY MT<˚ m<äT{Ïyê] <äèwæº n+‘ê ñ+≥T+~. ‘·|ü>± e÷{≤¢&çHê m>∑‘ê[ #˚j·T&É+, qe«&É+, ø±yÓT+{Ÿ #˚j·T&É+ mes¡÷ #˚j·Ts¡T. ô|’>± eTqMT<ä n_Ûe÷q+ ñqïyês¡T eTq+ e÷{≤¢&çq ‘·s¡Tyê‘· eTq+ #˚dæq ‘·|ü\qT mes¡÷˝Òì düeTj·T+˝À ‘Ó*j·TCÒdæ eTq*ï Áb˛‘·‡Væ≤kÕÔs¡T.

14. ôVA©ô|òsTT‘Y yê]$ 3e ‘·s¡>∑‹ qT+&ç 7e ‘·s¡>∑‹ es¡≈£î >∑\ Ç+^¢wt bÕsƒ¡´|ü⁄düÔø±\qT ø=ì #·~$‘˚ #·ø£ÿ>± Ç+^¢wt Á>±eTsY edüTÔ+~.

ii

eTTK´ dü÷#·q

kÕ<Ûës¡D+>± dü+uÛ≤wüD eTq #·T≥÷º, eTq #·T≥TºÁ|üø£ÿ\ e⁄qïyê]‘√ #˚düTÔ+{≤eTT. Ä #·T≥TºÁ|üø£ÿ\yês¡T eTq‘√ ø£\T|ü⁄ø=ì 10 eT+~ ñHêïs¡T. M]˝À ãVüQe#·qeTTq≈£î dü+ã+~Û+∫ 5 eT+~, @ø£e#·qeTTq≈£î dü+ã+~Û+∫ 5 eT+~ ñHêïs¡T. Á|ü‹ yêø±´ìï á 10 eT+~ m˝≤ #ÓãT‘ês¡T nì eTq+ ‘Ó\TdüTø=ì n˝≤π> eTq+ nuÛÑ´dæùdÔ n|ü&ÉT Ç+^¢wüß˝À nqs¡Zfi¯+>± e÷{≤¢&É>∑\eTT. Ç+^¢wüß nø£åsê\T sêì e´øÏÔ ≈£L&Ü Ç+^¢wüß nø£åsê\‘√ #·<äe&É+ yÓTT<ä\Tô|{Ϻ πøe\+ 40 s√E˝À¢ u≤>± Ç+^¢wüß˝À e÷{≤¢&É&ÜìøÏ ø±e\dæq nuÛ≤´düeTT\T, |ü<ë\T, yêø±´\ s¡÷|ü+˝À 40 s√E\bÕ≥T s√p #·<äee\dæq Ø‹˝À á |ü⁄düÔø£eTT˝À bı+<äT|üs¡#êqT. &˚`1 qT+&ç &˚`17 es¡≈£î ñqï bÕsƒê\T ù|òdt`1 nq>± ÁbÕ<∏ä$Tø£ kÕúsTT. Çø£ÿ&É Ä &˚ Hê&ÉT Çe«ã&çq bÕsƒ¡+˝Àì yêø±´\qT Á|ü‹ yêø£´eTT ¬s+&ÉTkÕs¡T¢ ô|’øÏ #ÓãT‘·÷ ñ+&Ü*. Ç˝≤ ô|’øÏ Ç+^¢wüß yêø±´\qT #Ó|üŒ&É+ e\q eTq˝À ñ qï Ç+^¢wt n+fÒ uÛÑj·T+ b˛‘·T+~. Ç+^¢wüß #ê˝≤ dæ+|ü⁄˝Ÿ, düT\uÛÑ+>± edüTÔ+~ nH˚ <ÛÓ’s¡´+ eTq˝À ≈£\T>∑T‘·T+~. eTq˝Àì ùdºCŸ |òæj·TsY b˛‘·T+~. eTq*ï #·÷dæ Ç‘·s¡T\T qe⁄«‘ês¡H˚ |ò”*+>¥ b˛‘·T+~. ø±ã{Ϻ ô|’øÏ Ç+^¢wt yêø±´\qT #Ó|üŒ+&ç. n˝≤ &˚`1 qT+&ç &˚`17 es¡≈£î ñqï bÕsƒê\T 17 s√E\bÕ≥T #·<äyê*.

iii

‘·s¡Tyê‘· &˚`18 qT+&ç &˚`37es¡≈£î ñqï bÕsƒê\T ù|òdt`2. nq>± e÷<Ûä´$Tø£ kÕúsTT. Á|ü‹s√p 90 ì$TcÕ\T πø{≤sTT+#ê*. n|ü&˚ Ä s√Eq ñqï 40 yêø±´\e˝Ò 100 esY“‡ ñ|üjÓ÷–dü÷Ô 40I100R4000 yêø±´\qT Á|ü‹s√p 20 s√E\bÕ≥T ô|’øÏ >∑&É>∑&Ü #ÓbÕŒ*. n˝≤ #Ó_‘˚H˚ eTq+ ‘Ó\T>∑T e÷{≤¢&çq+‘· düT\uÛÑ+>± @ dü+<äs¡“¤+˝ÀHÓ’Hêdüπs, me]‘√HÓ’Hê düπs, mø£ÿ&Ó’Hê düπs <Ûësêfi¯+>± Ç+^¢wüß˝À ‘·&Éu≤≥T ˝Ò≈£î+&Ü e÷{≤¢&É>∑\eTT. Á|ü‹s√p 90 ì$TcÕ\T πø{≤sTT+#·≥+ M\T|ü&Éìyês¡T ø£˙dü+ 20 esY“‡‘√ 40 yêø±´\e˝… Ç‘·s¡ yêø±´\qT #Ó|üŒ+&ç. á |ü⁄düÔø£+˝À bÕsYº`2 nH˚ uÛ≤>∑+ ñqï~. Bì˝À eTq+ s√Eyê] e÷{≤¢&É{≤ìøÏ ø±e\dæq esY“‡, n&éesY“‡, n&Ó®øϺyé‡, Á|æb˛õwüHé‡ Çe«ã&çq$. Çe˙ï 56 ù|J\THêïsTT. á 56 ù|J\qìï+{Ïì Á|ü‹s√p ˇø£kÕ] eTqdüT˝ÀH˚ #·<äyê*. n˝≤ 40 s√E\bÕ≥T #·<äyê*. n˝≤#˚ùdÔH˚ Ä 40 s√E˝À¢ nø£ÿ&É ñ qï y=ø±ãT\Ø n+‘ê eTq≈£î ‘Ó*j·T≈£î+&ÜH˚ ø£+sƒ¡düú+ nsTTb˛‘·T+~. ‘·<ë«sê eTq+ $_Ûqï dü+<äsꓤ\˝À e÷{≤¢&˚≥|ü&ÉT á |ü<ë\T u≤>± ñ|üjÓ÷>∑|ü&É‘êsTT. ø±ã{Ϻ dü+øÏå|üÔ+>± Ç+^¢wüß˝À ‘Ó\T>∑Te˝… nqs¡Zfi¯+>± e÷{≤¢&Ü\qT≈£îH˚yês¡T á |ü⁄düÔø£+˝ÀH˚ &˚`1 qT+&ç &˚`17 es¡≈£î ñqï bÕsƒê\˝Àì Á|ü‹ yêø±´ìï ¬s+&ÉTkÕs¡T¢ #=|üq ô|’øÏ |ü\ø±*. eT]j·TT &˚`18 qT+&ç &˚`37 es¡≈£î ñqï bÕsƒê\˝Àì yêø±´\qT 100 esY“‡ ñ|üjÓ÷–dü÷Ô ô|’øÏ #ÓbÕŒ*. Á|ü‹s√p 30 ì$TcÕ\bÕ≥T bÕsYº`2˝Àì y=ø±ãT\Ø n+‘ê |üP]Ô>± #·<äTe⁄‘·÷ ñ+&Ü*. Ç˝≤ Á|ü‹ ˇø£ÿs¡T Á|ü‹s√p ¬s+&ÉT >∑+≥\ düeTj·T+ 40 s√E\bÕ≥T πø{≤sTT+∫q|ü&˚ Ç+^¢wüß˝À nqs¡Zfi¯+>± e÷{≤¢&É≥+ M\e⁄‘·T+~. düπs«»Hê' düTœH√uÛÑe+‘·T

iv

`s¡#·sTT‘·

INDEX

PART-1

Sentences for practice

Sl.No

Content

Page No.

Sl.No

Content

Page No.

1.

Day-1

1

21.

Day-21

102

2.

Day-2

7

22.

Day-22

104

3.

Day-3

16

23.

Day-23

106

4.

Day-4

19

24.

Day-24

108

5.

Day-5

29

25.

Day-25

110

6.

Day-6

32

26.

Day-26

112

7.

Day-7

35

27.

Day-27

116

8.

Day-8

38

28.

Day-28

120

9.

Day-9

43

29.

Day-29

124

10.

Day-10

47

30.

Day-30

128

11.

Day-11

52

31.

Day-31

132

12.

Day-12

54

32.

Day-32

136

13.

Day-13

56

33.

Day-33

138

14.

Day-14

64

34.

Day-34

140

15.

Day-15

67

35.

Day-35

144

16.

Day-16

72

36.

Day-36

146

17.

Day-17

82

37.

Day-37

149

18.

Day-18

93

38.

Day-38

154

19.

Day-19

97

39.

Day-39

157

20.

Day-20

101

40.

Day-40

160

PART-2

Vocabulary for daily reading

Sl.No

Content

Page No.

Sl.No

Content

Page No.

41.

Table-1

169

51.

Adjectives

194

42.

Table-2

171

52.

Verbal Prepositions

199

43.

Table-3

173

53.

Noun Prepositions

203

44.

Table of Personal Pronouns

175

54.

Singular & Plural forms 212

45.

Have table

176

55.

Contractions

214

46.

Indefinite Tense

177

56.

Adverbs

217

47.

Continuous Tense

178

57.

Singular & Plural Numbers

223

48.

Perfect Tense

179

49.

Degrees of

180

58.

Active & Passive Voice (Shortcuts)

230

Comparison

50.

A few important verbs

182

59.

Be Table

231

DAY-1

ENGLISH ALPHABET - Ä+>¢ es¡íe÷\

Ä+>∑¢ uÛ≤wü≈£î nø£ås¡eTT\T 26 CAPITAL LETTERS - ô|<ä› nø£ås¡eTT\T

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

m

_

Ç

m|òt

õ

ôV≤#Y

J

K

L

M

N

O

P

Q

R

C…

¬ø

m˝Ÿ

myéT

mHé

z

≈£L´

ÄsY

S

T

U

V

W

X

Y

Z

mdt

j·TT

$

&ÉãT¢´

mø˘‡

yÓ’

»&é

Áyê‘· nø£ås¡eTT\T

aaaaa

bbbbb

ccccc

ddddd

eeeee

fffff

ggggg

hhhhh

iiiii

jjjjj

kkkkk

lllll

mmmmm

nnnnn

ooooo

ppppp

qqqqq

rrrrr

sssss

ttttt

uuuuu

vvvvv

wwwww

xxxxx

yyyyy

zzzzz

Vowels (n#·TÃ\T) 5 - a, e, i, o, u Consonants (Vü≤\T¢\T) - 21

B, C, D, F, G, H, J, K, L, M, N, P, Q, R, S, T, V, W, X, Y, Z.

Pronunciation of letters - nø£ås¡eTT\ ñ#êäs¡D

¬s+&ÉT nø£åsê\T ø£*dæq|ü⁄&ÉT @ $<Ûä+>± ñ#êäs¡D ñ+≥T+~.

B

ba = ã, u≤

be =

u…/_ bi = _

C

ca =

ø£, ø±

ce = ôd

ci =

D

da = &É, &Ü, <ä, <ë

de = &Ó,<Ó/&çdi = &ç, ~

F

fa = |òü, bòÕ

fe = ô|ò

fi = |òæ

G

ga = >∑, >±

ge = ¬>, C… gi = –, õ

H

ha = Vü≤, Vü‰

he = ôV≤/Væ≤hi = Væ≤

J

ja = », C≤

je =

C…

ji = õ

K

ka = ø£, ø±

ke = ¬ø

ki = øÏ

L

la = \, ˝≤

le =

˝…

li = *

M

ma = eT, e÷

me = yÓT

mi = $T

N

na = q, Hê

ne =

HÓ/ì ni = ì

P

pa = |ü, bÕ

pe = ô|/|æ

pi =

R

ra = s¡, sê

re = ¬s/]

ri = ]

S

sa = dü, kÕ

si =

T

ta = ≥, ‘·, ‘ê, {≤

se = ôd/dæ te = f…/{Ï

ti =

V

va = e, yê

ve =

vi = $

W

wa = e, yê

wi = $

Y

ya = j·T, j·÷

we = yÓ/$ ye = jÓT

yi = sTT/sT÷

Z

za = », C≤

ze =

C…, J zi = õ

O

OO

U

B

bo =

boo = ãT, ã÷

bu = ãT, ã

C

co =ø=

coo = ≈£L

cu=ø£, ≈£î, ≈£L´

D

do =&=,

&√

doo = &É÷, &√

du = &ÉT, <äT

F

fo =bò˛

foo = |òüP, |òüP

fu = |òü⁄´

G

go =>=,

>√

goo = >∑÷, >∑T

gu = >∑T, >∑

H

ho =ôVA

hoo = VüQ,VüA hu= VüQ,VüA,Vü≤

J

jo =C§, CÀ

joo = p

ju = E, p, »

K

ko = ø=, ø√

koo = ≈£L

ku = ø£, ≈£L

L

lo =˝§, ˝À

loo =

lu = \T, \÷, \

M

mo = yÓTT, yÓ÷

moo = eT÷

mu=eTT,eT÷,eT

N

no = H=, H√

noo = q÷, qT

nu = qT,q÷,q

P

po = bı, b˛

poo = |üP/|ü⁄n pu = |ü⁄/|ü

R

ro =s=, s√

roo = s¡÷

ru = s¡T, s¡÷, s¡

S

so =

soo = düT, dü÷

su = düT, dü÷, dü

T

to =

too = ≥÷, ≥T

tu = ≥T, ≥÷, ≥

V

vo =y√, z

voo = eP, }

vu = e⁄, }, ñ

W

wo = z

woo = }

wu = ñ

Y

yo = jÓ÷, jÓTT

yoo = j·T÷

yu = j·TT

Z

zo =CÀ, C§

zoo = p

zu = E

= <äT,<∏äT,<ä

<ÛäT, &ÛÉT

<äT›, &ÉT¶

wüß, wü

#·T, #·

ãT“

|òüTT

|ü

s¡a

KT

bhu = uÛÑT

ggu = >∑TZ

|ü

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

ppu

= ã÷“ = <ä÷›, &É÷¶ ddu

bbu

ghu

phu

dhu

shu

chu

khu

thu

jhu

ghoo = |òüT÷

= s¡a≤

= |üPŒ

= wüO

= #·÷

= <∏ä÷

= <Ûä÷

=

= uÛÑ÷

= >∑÷Z

= |òüP

ggoo

ppoo

ddoo

bboo

phoo

dhoo

bhoo

shoo

choo

khoo

thoo

jhoo

e‘·TÔ nø£ås¡eTT\T @s¡Œ&ÉT $<ÛëqeTT

= uÛ§ = <Û=, &= = bòı = |òüTÀ = = #=, ø= = πsa, C≤ = = <∏=, <√ = uÀ“ = &=¶, <=› = bıŒ = >=Z

ggo

ppo

ddo

bbo

gho

pho

dho

bho

sho

cho

kho

= ~∏, ~ tho

jho

= _“ = &ç¶, ~› = |æŒ = –Z

= = ~Û, &ç = |òæ

chi = ∫, øÏ

= ]a

ghi = |òæT

=

= œ

ggi

ppi

ddi

bbi

phi

dhi

bhi

shi

khi

thi

jhi

U… #Ó, ¬ø ¬sa ôw <∏˚, <˚, ~ u…“ &Ó¶, <Ó› ô|Œ ¬>Z

ghe = ô|òT

ô|ò

<ÛÓ

uÛ…

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

gge

ppe

= ã“ dda = &ɶ, <ä› dde

bbe

pha = |òü, bòÕ phe

dha = &ÛÉ, <Ûä dhe

bhe

she

che

khe

the

jhe

= K = #·, ø£ = s¡a = = <∏ä, <ä

= |üŒ

gha = |òüT

= uÛÑ

= >∑Z

gga

bba

bha

ppa

sha

cha

kha

tha

jha

E®

£îÿ

\T¢

eTTà

qTï

Ás¡T

düT‡

≥Tº

 

>=¢

Á|òæ

=

=

=

mmu =

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

jju

kku

llu

nnu

rru

ssu

ttu

glo

free

nya

= p®

= ≈£Lÿ

= \÷¢

mmoo = eTֈ

= q֕

= Ás¡÷

= dü÷‡

= ≥÷º

 

= eTï = Á^ = Á<ä, Á&É = Á»

jjoo

kkoo

lloo

nnoo

rroo

ssoo

ttoo

mna

gree

dra

jra

= CÀ®

= ø√ÿ

= ˝À¢

mmo = yÓ÷à

= HÕ

= Ás√

= k˛‡

= {˼

e‘·TÔ nø£ås¡eTT\T

= ÁøÏ

= yê´

= Á≥

= »´

jjo

kko

llo

nno

rro

sso

tto

kri

vya

tra

jya

= õ®

= øÏÿ

=

mmi = $Tà

= ìï

= Á]

= dæ‡

= {Ϻ

= Á|ü

= Á>±

prer = Áô|

= s¡´

jji

kki

lli

nni

rri

ssi

tti

 

pra

gra

rya

C…®

¬øÿ

˝…¢

yÓTà

HÓï

Á¬s

ôd‡

f…º

 

‘·‡

Áu§

Áf…

bÕ´

=

=

=

mme =

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

=

jje

kke

lle

nne

rre

sse

tte

tsa

bro

= ãT¢ = Åf…Æ, Á{Ï tre

pya

= »®

= ø£ÿ

=

mma = eTà

=

= Ás¡

= dü‡

= ≥º

 

= >∑ï

= ‘·´

jja

kka

lla

nna

rra

ssa

tta

gna

blu

tri

tya

DDDDDAAAAAYYYYY-2-2-2-2-2

Gneral Converstation - ÄVü‰«q |æ\T|ü⁄\T

Á|ü‹ yêø£´eTTqT ¬s+&ÉTkÕs¡T¢ |ü\ø£+&ç.

1. Will you come in?

˝À|ü*øÏ ekÕÔsê?

2. Please come in.

<äj·T#˚dæ ˝À|ü*øÏ s¡+&ç.

3. Please stay with us.

<äj·T#˚dæ e÷‘√ ñ+&É+&ç.

4. Would you like to come in now?

Ç|ü&ÉT ekÕÔsê?

5. Please spend some time with us.

<äj·T#˚dæ ø=+#ÓeTT ùd|ü⁄ e÷‘√ >∑&É|ü+&ç.

6. Pass the salt, will you? / Can you?

ø=+#Ó+ Ä ñ|ü Ç˝≤ n+~+#·+&ç.

7. Let us go!

b˛<ë+ |ü<ä+&ç.

8. Kindly pay a call on us.

<äj·T#˚dæ ˇø£kÕ] s¡+&ç.

9. Please make a call.

<äj·T#˚dæ bò˛Hé #˚j·T+&ç.

10. Treat this house as your own, feel free.

á Ç+{Ïì MT kı+‘· Ç\T¢e˝… nqTø√+&ç, yÓTTVü≤e÷≥ |ü&Ée<äT›.

11.

You’re welcome.

kÕ«>∑‘·+

12. Drop by any time.

MT Çwüº+, m|ü&Ó’Hê s¡+&ç.

13. Will you have some coffee?

MTs¡T ø±|ò” rdüT≈£î+{≤sê?

14. Please pass it on.

ø=+#Ó+ <ëìï n+~e«+&ç.

15. Please feel free to come whenever you like.

sêyê\ì|æ+∫q|ü&É˝≤¢ s¡+&ç. yÓTTVü≤e÷≥|ü&Ée<äT›.

ô|’ yê{ÏøÏ düπsqì #Ó|üŒ&ÜìøÏ á ÁøÏ+<ä $<Ûä+>± düe÷<ÛëHê\T ñ+{≤sTT.

'Yes' Answers

1. It’s my duty to attend the party.

bÕغøÏ sêe&É+ Hê <Ûäs¡à+.

2. I am obliged for your invitation.

MTs¡T |æ\e&É+ Hê≈£î dü+‘√wü+>± ñ+~.

3. I’ll be glad to visit you.

dü+‘√wü+. ekÕÔqT.

4. With pleasure.

n+‘·ø£+fÒHê?

5. It’s kind of you.

MT eTqdüT eT+∫~.

6. I shall make it, if my mother’s health permits.

e÷ neTà>±] Äs√>∑´+ u≤>∑T+fÒ ‘·|üŒ≈£î+&Ü ekÕÔqT.

ˇø£y˚fi¯ Ç‘·s¡T\ ÄVü‰«q\qT n+^ø£]+#·ø£b˛‘˚ á ÁøÏ+~ $<Ûä+>± düTìï‘·+>± Ç˝≤ ‹s¡düÿ]+#·e#·TÃ. 'No' Answers

1. I am sorry, I was out of town and couldn’t make it.

H˚qT }]˝À ˝Òø£b˛e&É+#˚‘· sê˝Òø£b˛j·÷qT.

2. I won’t be able to attend the function.

Ä |òü+ø£åHéøÏ sê˝≤H˚yÓ÷.

3. Thank you but I fear I may not come.

s¡eTàì |æ*#ês¡T, u≤>±H˚ ñ+~. ø±ì sê˝ÒH˚yÓ÷.

4. Please don’t mind.

<äj·T#˚dæ @MT nqTø√e<äT›.

5. No, thank you / No, thanks.

e<ä›+&ç.

6. I regret my inability to accept your invitation.

MT ÄVü‰«Hêìï n+<äTø√˝Òø£ b˛‘·Tqï+<äT≈£î eTìï+#·+&ç.

7. Excuse me! I have another engagement.

eTìï+#·+&ç. Hê≈£î y˚πs |üì e⁄+~.

8. Sorry for refusing your gift. Sorry for not receiving your gift.

}

MT ø±qTø£qT rdüTø√q+<äT≈£î @MT nqTø√e<äT›.

GREETINGS ` |ü\ø£]+|ü⁄\T

dü÷#·q : s√E˝À yÓTT<ä{ÏkÕ] ø£\TdüTø=qï|ü&ÉT |ü>∑\T 12 >∑+≥\˝À|ü⁄ "Good morning", 12 >∑+≥\ qT+&ç kÕj·T+Á‘·+ 6 >∑+≥\˝À|ü⁄ "good afternoon", kÕj·T+Á‘·+ 6 >∑+≥\ ‘·s¡Tyê‘· "good evening" nì |ü\ø£]+#ê*. ôd\e⁄ rdüTø=ì yÓ[flb˛j˚T≥|ü&ÉT |ü>∑\sTT‘˚ "good day or good-bye" nì, sêÁ‘·sTT‘˚ "good night" nì #ÓbÕŒ*.

‘·©¢! qeTkÕÿs¡eTT. e]∆\T¢ ≈£îe÷sê! m˝≤ e⁄Hêïe⁄? u≤>∑THêïq+&ç. X¯óuÛÑsêÁ‹, ne÷à! ne÷à, MTs¡T u≤>± ìÁ<äb˛+&ç.

2. Good morning! dear son.

3. How are you?

4. I am fine./I'm fine.

5. Good night! mother.

6. Good night! Madam.

7. Good night! all of you! MT n+<ä]ø° X¯óuÛÑsêÁ‹.

8. e÷eT÷\T>± ôd\e⁄ rdüTø=H˚≥|ü&ÉT Good-bye nHê*.

9. düìïVæ≤‘·T\≈£î 'Bye-bye', 'see you', 'see you later',

1. Good morning! mother.

'see you again' nì #ÓbÕŒ*.

10. ô|’ n~Ûø±s¡T\T, ô|<ä›yêfi¯fl <ä>∑Zs¡qT+&ç ôd\e⁄ rdüTø=H˚≥|ü&ÉT á ÁøÏ+~ $<Ûä+>± nHê*.

Shall I take leave of you?/Shall I take leave?/Shall I make a move? Sir.

yÓ[flsêHê?/Çø£ H˚ ñ+{≤qT eT].

REQUESTS ` nuÛÑ´s¡úq\T

dü÷#·q: nuÛÑ´s¡úq\ dü+<äsꓤ\˝À Please, could, would, can, may, might

nqT |ü<ë\qT yê&É‘ês¡T.

1. May I come here?

H˚qT Çø£ÿ&É≈£î sêe#·TÃHê?

2. Could you show me the way to the railway station.

¬s’˝Ò« ùdºwüHé≈£î yÓfi‚fl<ë] #Ó|üŒ>∑\sê?

3. Would you mind if I sit?

H˚qT ≈£Ls¡TÃ+fÒ @eTqTø√s¡Tø£<ë?

4.

Please give me your pencil.

<äj·T#˚dæ MT ô|ì‡˝Ÿ Çe«+&ç.

5. Could you help me to do this work?

MTs¡T Hê≈£î á düVü‰j·T+ #˚kÕÔsê?

6. Might I have another glass of water?

eTs√ >±¢düT eT+∫˙s¡T Çe«>∑\sê?

7. Can I speak to him?

H˚qT n‘·ì‘√ e÷{≤¢&Ée#·TÃHê?

8. Would you mind seeing me again in the morning?

ñ<äj·T+ eT∞fl ø£\TkÕÔsê?

9. May I have your book?

H˚qT MT |ü⁄düÔø£+ rdüTø√e#êÃ?

10. Will you please come with me?

MTs¡T Hê‘√ ekÕÔsê?

11. Will you please bring me some fruits?

Hê≈£î ø=+#Ó+ |üfi¯ófl rdüT≈£îekÕÔsê?

12. Could you help me to talk to him?

n‘·ì‘√ e÷{≤¢&É&É+˝À Hê≈£î düVü‰j·T+ #˚kÕÔsê?

13. Would you mind doing this?

á |üì #˚j·T&ÜìøÏ MTs¡T @$T nqTø√s¡Tø£<ë?

14. Would you mind opening the window?

øÏ{Ïø° ‘Ós¡e&ÜìøÏ MTπsMT nqTø√s¡Tø£<ë?

COMPLIMENTS

X¯óuÛ≤ø±+ø£å\T

dü÷#·q: mes¡Hêï $»j·T+ kÕ~Û+∫q|ü&ÉT n_Ûq+~+#˚ dü+<äsꓤ\˝À, eTTKdüTÔ‹ e÷≥\T, e{Ϻ eTTK Á|”‹ e÷≥\ dü+<äsꓤ\˝ÀqT Compliments qT yê&É‘ês¡T.

1. Congrats (or) congratulations.

n_Ûq+<äq\T.

2. I congratulate him on his success.

H˚qT n‘·ì $»j·÷ìøÏ n_Ûq+~kÕÔqT.

3. I wish you good luck.

X¯óuÛÑ+ »s¡>±*.

4. Please give my kind regards to your parents.

MT ‘·*¢<ä+Á&ÉT\qT n&ç–q≥T¢ #Ó|üŒ>∑\e⁄.

5. Give my kind remembrances to your uncle.

MT e÷eTj·T´>±]ì n&ç–q≥T¢ #Ó|üŒ+&ç.

6. My compliments to your son.

MT ≈£îe÷s¡T&çøÏ Hê X¯óuÛ≤ø±+ø£å\T.

7. Many happy returns of the day.

q÷πsfi¯ófl ã‘·ø±*.

CONDOLENCES

$#ês¡+, kÕqTuÛÑ÷‹

dü÷#·q: mes¡Hêï eTs¡DÏ+∫q|ü&ÉT kÕqTuÛÑ÷‹ì ‘Ó*j·TCÒj·T&ÜìøÏ Condole,

condolences }s¡≥ ø£*–+#·T dü+<äsꓤ\˝À console, consolation nqT

|ü<ë\qT yê&É‘ês¡T.

1.

We were stunned by the news of your mother’s sudden death.

MT neTà>±] Vü≤sƒê‘Y eTs¡D+ eTeTà*ï ìX‚Ãwüߺ\qT #˚dæ+~.

2. What a pity!

3. What a heart-breaking news! / How heart-breaking news! m+‘· >∑T+&Ó |ü–˝Ò yês¡Ô.

4. How cruel!

m+‘· u≤<Ûëø£s¡eTT.

m+‘· <ës¡TD+. (@<Ó’Hê nqTø√ì <ës¡TD+, dü+|òüT≥q »]–q|ü&ÉT)

5. I am sorry to hear this sad news.

Ç˝≤+{Ï <äTsê«s¡ÔøÏ Hê≈£î #ê˝≤ u≤<Ûä>± e⁄+~.

6. What a tragedy!

7. We feel sympathy for him.

n‘·&çøÏ e÷ kÕqTuÛÑ÷‹.

8. I am so sorry.

Hê≈£î #ê˝≤ u≤<Ûä>± ñ+~.

9. I lament over the loss.

á qcÕºìøÏ Hê≈£î #ê˝≤ <äT:K+>± e⁄+~.

10. I grieved to hear this.

á yês¡Ô Hê≈£î #ê˝≤ u≤<Ûä>± ñ+~.

11. This is a sad news./ How sad the news it is!

Ç~ #ê˝≤ $#ês¡ø£s¡yÓTÆq yês¡Ô.

12. I feel so sad to listen to this.

Ç~ $ì H˚qT #ê˝≤ $#ê]+#êqT.

m+‘· <äTdæú‹.

COMMANDS

Ä»„|üPs¡«ø£ yêø±´\T

dü÷#·q: 'Imperative sentences' nq>± $<ä´s¡úø£yÓTÆq yêø±´\T. á yêø±´\T ø=ìï Ä»„>± ñ+&Ée#·TÃ, ø=ìï ôV≤#·Ã]ø£ #˚ùd$>± e⁄+&Ée#·Tà eT]j·TT ø=ìï ÄeX¯´ø£yÓTÆq$>± e⁄+&Ée#·TÃqT eT]j·TT á ÄC≤„|üPs¡«ø£ yêø±´\˝À eTìwæ m<äTs¡T>± ñ+{≤&ÉT ø±ã{Ϻ 'you' ì ñ|üjÓ÷–+#·s¡T.

nø£ÿ&É≈£î yÓfi¯ófl. ‘=+<äs¡>± yÓfi¯ófl. á |üì qqTï #Ój·T´ìe⁄«. H√{Ïì n<äT|ü⁄˝À ñ+#·Tø√+&ç.

2. Go immediately.

3. Let me do this.

4. Mind your tongue.

5. Keep a close observation on her.ÄyÓTH√ ø£+≥ ø£ìô|{Ϻ e⁄+&É+&ç.

6. Observe the programme.

7. Don’t come in.

8. Don’t do this repeatedly.

9. Be honest.

Hê´j·T+>± q&ÉT#·Tø√. >∑ã>∑u≤ nø£ÿ&É ô|≥Tº. $qT. H˚qT #Óù|Œ~ $qT. n‘·ì‘√ e÷{≤¢&ÉT. #·|ü&ÉT #˚j·Te<äT›. ‘·\T|ü⁄qT eT÷j·TTeTT. qqTï $dæ–+#·≈£î. $TÁ‘· Á<√Vü≤+ #˚j·Te<äT›.

1. Go there.

ø±s¡´Áø£e÷ìï >∑eTì+#·+&ç. ˝ÀìøÏ sêe<äT›.

eT∞fl eT∞fl #˚j·Te<äT›.

10. Hurry up!

11. Keep it there.

12. Listen!

13. Listen to me.

14. Speak to him.

15. Don’t make a noise.

16. Shut the door.

17. Don’t bother me.

18. Never let your friends down.

19. Keep off that subject.

20. Don’t forget.

21. Stand there.

22. Let me be.

23. Look ahead.

24. Beware of dogs.

25. Vacate the place.

26. Go slowly.

27. Always speak the truth.

28. Don’t be late.

29. Don’t shout.

30. Don’t cut jokes.

31. Be on watch.

32. Be careful.

33. Follow me.

34. Get me some water.

35. Don’t sit.

Ä $wüj·÷ìï m‘=Ô<äT›. eTs¡∫b˛e<äT›. nø£ÿ&É ì\ã&ÉT. qH=ï<äT\T / $dæ–+#·≈£î eTT+<äT≈£î #·÷&É+&ç. ≈£îø£ÿ\T e⁄HêïsTT C≤Á>∑‘·Ô. Çø£ÿ&ÉqT+&ç yÓ[flb˛ yÓT\¢>± q&Ée+&ç. m|ü&É÷ ìC≤ìï e÷Á‘·y˚T e÷{≤¢&É+&ç. Ä\dü´+ #˚j·Tø£+&ç. ns¡e<äT›. |üsê∫ø±˝≤&Ée<äT›. C≤Á>∑‘·Ô>± e⁄+&ÉT. C≤Á>∑‘·Ô>± e⁄+&ÉT. Hê yÓ+≥sê. Hê≈£î eT+∫˙fi¯ófl Çe⁄«. ≈£Ls√Ãe<äT›.

á ÄC≤„|üPs¡«ø£ yêø±´˝À¢H˚ ø=ìï yêø±´\T ôV≤#·Ã]ø£\T, dü\Vü‰\T, ø√]ø£\T, Äos¡«#·Hê\ e+{Ï$ ≈£L&Ü ekÕÔsTT.

1. Do your duty.

2. Obey your teachers.

3. Behave well.

˙ |üì qTe⁄« #ÓsTT´. ñbÕ<Ûë´j·TT\T #Ó|æŒq≥T¢ q&ÉT#·Tø√. u≤>± q&ÉT#·Tø√.

DDDDDAAAAAYYYYY-3-3-3-3-3

X¯óuÛ≤ø±+ø£å\T - GREETINGS

1.

X¯óuÛÀ<äj·T+

-

Good Morning!

2.

X¯óuÛÑ eT<Ûë´Vü≤ï+

-

Wish you a good morning! Have a good morning! Good afternoon! Wish you a good afternoon! Have a good afternoon!

3.

X¯óuÛÑkÕj·T+

-

Good evening!

4.

X¯óuÛÑsêÁ‹

-

Wish you a good evening! Have a good evening! Good night!

5.

eT+∫ø£\\T e#·TÃ>±ø£

-

Wish you a good night! Enjoy a good night! Sweet Dreams! Wish you sweet dreams!

7.

yÓ[fl ekÕÔ!

-

Have / Enjoy sweet dreams! Good bye!

Bye!

I say good bye to you! Let me leave you! Tata to you!

I say ta-ta to you!

Well, I must go, Good-bye!

Bye-bye!

I’ll see you later! See you later! See you tomorrow! See you! So long!

Cheerio!

Good night!

8.

Ç≥Te+{Ï X¯óuÛÑ~Hê\T / |ü⁄{Ϻqs√E\T mìï+{ÏH√ Äq+<ä+‘√ »s¡T|ü⁄ø√yê\ì H˚qT ø√s¡T≈£î+≥THêïqT.

Many happy returns of the day!/Your birth day! I wish you many happy returns of the day!/Your birth day! Enjoy many happy returns of the day/Your birth day!

9. ˙≈£î Ç~ dü+‘√wü Á|üj·÷D+ ø±yê\ì

ø√s¡T≈£î+≥THêïqT.

I Wish you a comfortable and safe journey! Wish you a comfortable and safe journey! Enjoy a comfortable and safe journey!

10. MT yÓ’yêVæ≤ø£ J$‘·+ Äq+<ä+‘√ e⁄+&ÉT>±ø£!

Happy married life!

11. |üØø£å˝À¢ >=|üŒ |òü*‘êìï kÕ~Û+#ê\ì ø√s¡T≈£î+≥THêïqT.

Wish you a grand success in your examinations.

12. ˙e⁄ >=|üŒ $»j·T+ kÕ~Û+#ê\ì ø√s¡T≈£î+≥THêïqT.

Wish you a grand victory!

13. ˙ Áø=‘·Ô Ç+{À¢ ˙e⁄ dü]dü+|ü<ä\‘√ ‘·T\‘·÷>∑T>±ø£!

Wish you a great prosperity in your newly built house!

14. $<˚XÊ\≈£î yÓfi‚¢ á X¯óuÛÑdüeTj·T+ ˙≈£î eT+∫ #˚j·TT>±>∑!

Wish you happy times abroad!

15. sêuÀj˚T ø±\+˝À mH√ï ñqï‘· |ü<äe⁄\T ìqTï e]+#·T>±ø£ !

Wish you grand promotions in future.

16. MT $˝≤düj·÷Á‘· ñ˝≤¢dü+>± kÕ>∑Tø±ø£.

Wish you a joyous picnic.

17. á yê´bÕs¡ düe÷y˚X¯+˝À eT+∫ ìs¡íj·T+ rdüTø√yê\ì ø√s¡T≈£î+≥THêïqT.

Wish you a nice outcome in the business conference.

18.

ø£cÕº\qT <ë{≤\ì ø√s¡T≈£î+≥THêïqT.

Hope you get over your troubles!

19. nHês√>∑´+ qT+∫ ‘·«s¡>± ãj·T|ü&Ü\ì Hê ø√]ø£.

Wish you a speedy recovery from illness.

20. J$‘·+˝À sêDÏ+#·T<äTe⁄>±ø£.

May you prosper in life!

I pray to God that you may prosper in life! Let God bless you to prosper in life!

21. u≤>± #·<äTe⁄ e#˚Ã≥Tº>± Ä uÛÑ>∑e+‘·T&ÉT MT |æ\¢yêìì Äos¡«~+#ê\ì H˚qT ø√s¡T≈£î+≥THêïqT.

I pray to God that He may bless your child with a good

education! Let God bless your child with good education!

22. ø£è‘·»„‘·\T

Thanks! Thank you very much! Many thanks! That’s very kind. Nice of you!

Thank you! Thanks a lot! Thanks very much! Good!

23. ô|’q #Ó|æŒ ø£è‘·»„‘·\≈£î ‹]– »yêãT #Ó|ü≥

Not at all! Welcome! That’s all right.

You’re welcome! It’s a pleasure!

O.K.

DDDDDAAAAAYYYYY-4-4-4-4-4

ˇø£ |ü<ä yêø£´eTT\T ` One Word Sentences

Imperative Mood - M{Ïì Ä»„, ôV≤#·Ã]ø£, ÁbÕs¡úq ‘Ó\T|ü⁄≥≈£î ñ|üjÓ÷–+‘·Ts¡T.

1. sê.

`

Come

2. b˛.

`

Go.

3. ‹qT.

`

Eat.

4. ‘ê>∑T.

`

Drink.

5. ≈£Ls√Ã.

`

Sit.

6. ì\ã&ÉT.

`

Stand.

7. ìÁ<äb˛.

`

Sleep.

8. Ä&ÉT.

`

Play.

9. Hê≥´eTT#ÓsTT´.

`

Dance.

10. bÕ&ÉT.

`

Sing.

11. sêsTT.

`

Write.

12. #·<äTe⁄.

`

Read.

13. <ä÷≈£î.

`

Jump.

14. qe⁄«.

`

Laugh.

15. @&ÉTe⁄.

`

Weep.

16. ns¡Te⁄.

`

Cry.

17. #·∫Ãb˛.

`

Die.

18. y˚T˝§ÿqT.

`

Awake.

19. #·÷&ÉT.

`

See.

20. >∑eTì+#·T.

`

Observe.

21. e÷{≤¢&ÉT.

`

Talk.

22. ‘·|æŒ+#·Tø√.

`

Escape.

23. rdüTø√.

`

Take.

24. Çe⁄«.

`

Give.

25. e÷{≤¢&ÉT.

`

Converse.

26. ‘Ó*j·TC…sTT´.

`

Convey.

27. Á|üj·÷DÏ+#·T.

`

Travel.

28. ã+~Û+#·T.

`

Arrest.

29. $&ÉT<ä\#ÓsTT´.

`

Release.

30. ô|[fl #˚düTø√.

`

Marry.

Imperitives

¬s+&ÉT |ü<ë\ yêø£´eTT\T`Two Word Sentences Please come (or) Come please nqT á ¬s+&ÉT yêø£´eTT\˝À <˚ìHÓ’Hê

yê&Ée#·TÃqT. (Please is used to express politeness)

dü÷#·q: Á|ü‹ yêø±´ìï ¬s+&ÉTkÕs¡T¢ ô|’øÏ |ü\ø£+&ç.

1. <äj·T#˚dæ s¡+&ç.

2. <äj·T#˚dæ yÓfi¯fl+&ç.

3. <äj·T#˚dæ ‹q+&ç.

4. <äj·T#˚dæ ‘ê>∑+&ç.

5. <äj·T#˚dæ ≈£Ls√Ã+&ç.

6. <äj·T#˚dæ ì\ã&É+&ç.

7. <äj·T#˚dæ ìÁ<äb˛.

8. <äj·T#˚dæ Ä&ÉT.

9. <äj·T#˚dæ Hê≥´eTT #ÓsTT´.

10. <äj·T#˚dæ bÕ&ÉT.

Please come. (or) Come please. Please go. (or) Go please. Please eat. (or) Eat please. Please drink. (or) Drink please. Please sit. (or) Sit please. Please stand. (or) Stand please. Please sleep. (or) Sleep please. Please play. (or) Play please.

Please dance. (or) Dance please. Please sing. (or) Sing please.

Please write. (or) Write please. Please read. (or) Read please. Please jump. (or) Jump please. Please laught. (or) Laugh please. Please read. (or) Read please. Please cry. (or) Cry please. Please awake. (or) Awake please. Please see. (or) See please. Please observe. (or) Observe please. Please talk. (or) Talk please. Please escape. (or) Escape please. Please take.(or) Take please. Please give. (or) Give please. Please convey. (or) Convey please. Please travel. (or) Travel please. Please unveil (or) Unveil please. Please arrest.(or) Arrest please.

Please release. (or) Please release.

29. <äj·T#˚dæ dü+uÛ≤wæ+#·T. Please Converse (or) Converse please.

11. <äj·T#˚dæ sêj·T+&ç.

12. <äj·T#˚dæ #·<äTe⁄.

13. <äj·T#˚dæ <ä÷≈£î

14. <äj·T#˚dæ qe⁄«.

15. <äj·T#˚dæ #·<äTe⁄.

16. <äj·T#˚dæ ns¡Te⁄.

17. <äj·T#˚dæ y˚T˝Àÿ.

18. <äj·T#˚dæ #·÷&ÉT.

19. <äj·T#˚dæ >∑eTì+#·T.

20. <äj·T#˚dæ e÷{≤¢&ÉT.

21. <äj·T#˚dæ ‘·|æŒ+#·Tø√.

22. <äj·T#˚dæ rdüTø√.

23. <äj·T#˚dæ Çe⁄«.

24. <äj·T#˚dæ ‘Ó\T|ü⁄.

25. <äj·T#˚dæ Á|üj·÷DÏ+#·T.

26. <äj·T#˚dæ ‘=\–+#·T.

27. <äj·T#˚dæ ã+~Û+#·T.

28. <äj·T#˚dæ $&ÉT<ä\#ÓsTT´.

30. <äj·T#˚dæ ô|[fl#˚düTø√. Please marry me. (or) Marry me please.

31. Çø£ÿ&É≈£î sê.

Come here.

32. |òüs¡yê˝Ò<äT.

No matter.

33. u≤>∑Tqï~.

Very well.

34. Çø£b˛.

Go now.

35. qqTï eTìï+#·T.

Excuse me.

36. ãj·T≥≈£î yÓ[¢b˛.

Get out.

37.

H√s¡T eT÷düTø√.

Shut up.

38. qqTï ø=≥Tº.

Beat me.

39. ÁøÏ+<ä ≈£Ls√Ã.

Sit down.

40. ‹qï>± yÓfi¯ófl.

Go straight.

41. ô|<ä›>± e÷{≤¢&ÉT.

Speak loudly.

42. ∫qï>± e÷{≤¢&ÉT.

Speak slowly.

43. ìX¯Ùã›eTT>± e⁄+&ÉT.

Keep quiet.

44. u≤>± #·<äTe⁄.

Read well.

45. ø£wüº|ü&ç |üì#ÓsTT´.

Work hard.

46. C≤Á>∑‘·Ô>± $qT.

Listen carefully.

47. Á|ü‹s√p Vü‰»s¡>∑TeTT.

Be regular.

48. u≤>±

#˚XÊe⁄.

Well done.

49. Bìì #ÓsTT´.

Do it.

50. ìX¯Ùã›+>± ñ+&ÉT.

Be silent.

51. <äTs¡<äèwüºeTT.

Bad luck.

52. H˚qT ø£åe÷|üD #ÓãT‘êqT.

I apologize.

53. eT+∫~.

Good luck.

54. X¯óuÛÑÁ|ü<äyÓTÆq BbÕe[.

Happy Diwali.

55. @MT nqTø√e<äT›.

Never mind.

56. m+‘·

n+<äyÓTÆq~!

How lovely! (or) How beautiful! How chariming!

57. m+‘·

uÛÑj·T+ø£s¡yÓTÆq~!

How terrible!

58. m+‘·

bı&ÉT¬>’q~!

How tall!

59. m+‘·

$ø±s¡yÓTÆq~

How ugly!

60. m+‘·

>=|üŒ~!

How great!

eT÷&ÉT |ü<ë\ yêø£´eTT\T`Three Word Sentences

Ç$ kÕ<Ûës¡D+>± yê&ÉTø£˝À e⁄qï ∫qï yêø±´\T. M{Ïì H˚s¡TÃø√+&ç.

1.

H˚qT

ìqTï Çwüº|ü&É‘êqT.

-

I like you.

2.

H˚qT

ìqTï Áù|$TkÕÔqT.

`

I love you.

3.

Ä\dü´yÓTÆq~.

`

It is late.

4.

Ç~

eTT+<äT>± e⁄qï~.

`

It is early.

5.

Ç~

eT<Ûë´Vü≤ï+.

`

It is noon.

6.

Ç~

ñ<äj·T+.

`

It is morning.

7

Ç~

kÕj·T+ø±\+.

`

It is evening.

8.

Ç~

ns¡∆sêÁ‹.

`

It is midnight.

9.

Ç~

y˚dü$ ø±\eTT.

`

It is summer.

10.

sêeTT&ÉT u≤>± bÕ&É‘ê&ÉT.

`

Rama sings well.

11.

ø£èwüßí&ÉT ø√|üeTT>± e÷{≤¢&ÓqT.

`

Krishna spoke angrily.

12.

d”‘·≈£î ø±|ò” ÇwüºeTT.

`

Sita likes coffee.

13.

yÓ+ø£fÒwt≈£î

{° ÇwüºeTT.

`

Venkatesh likes tea.

14.

Hê>±s¡T®q dü+‘√wü+>± ø£ì|ædüTÔHêï&ÉT.`

Nagarjuna seems happy.

15.

á ñ‘·Ôs¡+ b˛dtº #ÓsTT´.

`

Post this letter.

16.

n‘·qT

ã<ä›ø£düTÔ&ÉT.

`

He is lazy.

17.

n‘·qT

‘Ó*$>∑\yê&ÉT.

`

He is clever.

18. ns¡T®qT&ÉT ø£s¡Tíì

#·+ô|qT.

`

Arjuna killed Karna.

19. ø£èwüßí&ÉT ø£+düTì

#·+ô|qT.

`

Krishna killed Kamsa.

20. sêeTT&ÉT sêeDTì #·+ô|qT.

`

Rama killed Ravana.

21. n Áf…sTTHéqT n+<äTø√.

`

Catch the train.

22. H˚qT Ä&É‘êqT.

 

`

I shall play.

23. ñwü ‘·|üŒìdü]>± bÕ&Ü*.

`

Usha must sing.

24. ˇø£ÿ ì$Twü+ y˚∫ j·TT+&ÉT.

`

Wait a minute.

25. #ÓsTT´ ˝Òø£b˛‘˚ #·∫Ãb˛.

`

Do or die.

26. |üì #ÓsTT´ ˝Òø£b˛‘˚ nø±*‘√ e⁄+&ÉT.`

Work or starve.

27. H˚qT

n˝≤

nqT≈£î+{≤qT.

`

I think so.

28. H˚qT

n˝≤

qeTTà‘êqT.

`

I believe so.

29. H˚qT

n˝≤

qeTTà‘êqT.

`

I hope so.

30. H˚qT

n˝≤

ø√s¡T≈£î+{≤qT.

`

I expect so.

31. Ä˝À∫kÕÔqT.

H˚qT

n˝≤

`

I think so.

32. Ä+<√fi¯q e<äT›.

 

`

Don’t worry.

33. n+‘ê eT+∫ »s¡T>∑T>±ø£.

`

All the best.

34. Áø=‘·Ô dü+e‘·‡s¡+ Äq+<ä+>± e⁄+&Ü*.` Happy new year.

35. Ç‘·qT ∫s¡+J$.

`

This is Chiranjeevi.

36. Ç$ |ü⁄düÔø±\T.

`

These are books.

37. eTqeTT uÛ≤s¡rj·TT\eTT.

`

We are Indians.

38. yês¡T ôd’ì≈£î\T.

`

They are soldiers.

39. H˚qT bı&É>∑].

`

I am tall.

40. áyÓT kı>∑ôd’q~.

`

She is pretty.

41. y˚TeTT Äø£*‘√ e⁄HêïeTT.

`

We are hungry.

42. n‘·qT u≤\ø£èwüí.

`

That is Balakrishna.

43. áyÓT d”‘·.

`

This is Sita.

44. ÄyÓT

sê<Ûä.

`

That is Radha.

45. ÄyÓT

kÂ+<äs¡´.

`

That is Soundarya.

46. ÄyÓT

nqTwüÿ.

`

That is Anushka.

47. Ç$

ô|ì‡fi¯ófl.

`

These are pencils.

48. Ç$

–HÓï\T.

`

These are cups.

49. n$

ã+‘·T\T.

`

Those are balls.

50. n$

uÛÑeHê\T.

`

Those are buildings.

51. yês¡T

eTqTwüß´\T.

`

They are men.

52. u≤\Ts¡T.

yês¡T

`

They are boys.

53. u≤*ø£\T.

yês¡T

`

They are girls.

54. áyÓT Ç*j·÷Hê?

`

This is Iliana.

55. Ç$

ø£+#ê\T.

`

These are plates.

56. Ç$

≈£îø£ÿ\T.

`

These are dogs.

57. Ç$

>±&ç<ä\T.

`

These are donkeys.

58. Ç$

ø√&çô|≥º\T.

`

These are hens.

59. n$

|üP\T.

`

Those are flowers.

60. n$

|ü+&ÉT¢.

`

Those are fruits.

61. n$ >=&ÉT>∑T\T.

`

Those are umbrellas.

62. n$ Çfi¯ófl.

`

Those are houses.

63. n$

|æ#·TÃø£\T.

`

Those are sparrows.

64. n$

m&É¢ã+&ÉT¢.

`

Those are bullock carts.

65. yês¡T $<ë´s¡Tú\T.

`

They are students.

66. yês¡T |æ\¢\T.

`

They are children.

67. ‘·*¢<ä+Á&ÉT\T.

yês¡T

`

They are parents.

68. Áø°&Üø±s¡T\T.

yês¡T

`

They are players.

69. yês¡T |üìyêfi¯ófl.

`

They are workers.

70. MTs¡T ñ<√´>∑düTú\T.

`

You are employees.

71. MTs¡T >∑èVæ≤DT\T.

`

You are house-wives.

72. MTs¡T ¬s’‘·T\T.

`

You are farmers.

73. y˚TeTT

Åd”Ô\eTT.

`

We are women.

74. y˚TeTT

|ü⁄s¡Twüß\eTT.

`

We are men.

75. y˚TeTT

$<ë´s¡Tú\eTT.

`

We are students.

76. y˚TeTT ñ|üHê´dü≈£î\eTT.

`

We are lecturers.

77. y˚TeTT

ìs¡T<√´>∑T\eTT.

`

We are unemployed.

78. n‘·qT

s¡$.

`

He is Ravi.

79. n‘·qT

lqT.

`

He is Srinu.

80. n‘·qT

yêdüT.

`

He is Vasu.

81. n‘·qT

eTTsê].

`

He is Murari.

82. ÄyÓT d”‘·.

`

She is Sita.

83. y˚&ç>±

e⁄qï~.

`

It is hot.

84. #·\¢>±

e⁄qï~.

`

It is cold.

85. n~

@$T?

`

What is that?

86. Ç~

@$T{Ï?

`

What is this?

87. ˙yÓes¡T?

`

Who are you?

88. H˚HÓes¡T?

`

Who am I?

89. y˚TeTT mes¡T?

`

Who are we?

90. yê¬ses¡T?

`

Who are they?

91. n‘·HÓes¡T?

`

Who is he?

92. ÄyÓT mes¡T?

`

Who is she?

93. sêeTT&Óes¡T?

`

Who is Rama?

94. sêeTT&ÉT <˚e⁄&ÉT.

`

Rama is a god.

95. ø£èwüßí&ÉT mes¡T?

`

Who is Krishna?

96. nø£ÿ&É

mes¡THêïs¡T?

`

Who are there?

97. nø£ÿ&É

me&ÉTHêï&ÉT?

`

Who is there?

98. me&ÉT e÷{≤¢&ÉT‘·THêï&ÉT?

`

Who is speaking?

99. ˙ eè‹Ô @$T{Ï?

`

What are you?

100. n‘·qT

<Ûäqe+‘·T&Éj·÷´&ÉT.

`

He became rich.

101. n‘·qT eTTdü*yê&Éj·÷´&ÉT.

`

He grew old.

102. n‘·qT

ìÁ<äb˛j·÷&ÉT.

`

He fell asleep.

103. mes¡T Vü‰»s¡T ø±˝Ò<äT?

`

Who is absent?

104. @$T{Ï ‘·|ü

`

What is wrong?

105. @$T #Ó≥Tº?

`

What tree?

106. m+‘·

nee÷qyÓ÷!

`

What a shame!

107. m+‘·

C≤˝À!

`

What a pity!

108. m+‘·

eT÷s¡Tâ&√!

`

What a fool!

DADADADADAYYYYY-5-5-5-5-5

WORDS ` |ü<ë\T

PLURAL & SINGULAR COMBINATIONS

We

`

y˚TeTT/eTqeTT

You

`

MTs¡T qTe⁄«

They

`

yês¡T/n$ (the students, the books,

the problems,

brave

soldiers, my parents, your friends)

Boys

`

u≤\Ts¡T (brothers, friends, parents, children)

I

`

H˚qT

He

`

n‘·qT

She

`

ÄyÓT

It

`

n~/Ç~ (chain, dog, India, the Rajadhani Express,

Rama `

The TDP, December, Cricket, House, Gold) sêeTT&ÉT (eT>∑yêfi¯fl ù|s¡T¢ i.e., Sachin, Kareem, James, Venkatesh, Sunil)

Sita `

Am

Are `

Is

`

`

d”‘· (Ä&Éyêfi¯fl ù|s¡T¢ ñ<ë: ^‘·, yêDÏ, düTC≤‘·, Ä~\øÏÎ, eT©¢X¯«], düè»q)

ñHêïqT

ñHêïeTT/ñHêïs¡T/ñqï$

ñHêï&ÉT/ñqï~

SENTENCES ` yêø£´eTT\T

(Positive, Negative, Interrogative)

I am

H˚qT ñHêïqT.

Note: Ç+^¢wt˝À Ç~ ndü+|üPs¡í yêø£´eTT. Bìì |üP]Ô yêø£´eTT #˚j·÷\+fÒ Am Á|üø£ÿq @<√ (verb/noun) ˇø£ |ü<äeTT ñ+&Ü*. n|ü&˚ á yêø£´eTT |ü]|üPs¡í yêø£´eTÚ‘·T+~.

dü÷#·q: Á|ü‹ yêø£´eTTqT ¬s+&ÉTkÕs¡T¢ ô|’øÏ #·<äe+&ç. Ex: I am present. H˚qT ñHêïqT. (Ç|ü&ÉT Ç~ ˇø£ |üPs¡í yêø£´eTT) dü÷#·q: ˇø=ÿø£ÿ yêø£´eTT ¬s+&ÉT kÕs¡T¢ ô|’øÏ #·<äe+&ç.

H˚qT ñHêïqT. H˚qT ñHêïHê? H˚qT ˝ÒqT. H˚qT ˝ÒHê? y˚TeTT ñHêïeTT. y˚TeTT ñHêïe÷? y˚TeTT ˝ÒeTT. y˚TeTT ˝Òe÷? MTs¡T ñHêïs¡T/qTe⁄« ñHêïe⁄. MTs¡T ñHêïsê?/qTe⁄« ñHêïyê?

11. You are not present. MTs¡T ˝Òs¡T/qTe⁄« ˝Òe⁄.

12. Are you not present? MTs¡T ˝Òsê/qTe⁄« ˝Òyê?

10. Are you present?

1. I am present.

2. Am I present?

3. I am not present.

4. Am I not present?

5. We are present.

6. Are we present?

7. We are not present.

8. Are we not present?

9. You are present.

13. They are present.

yês¡T ñHêïs¡T.

14. Are they present?

yês¡T ñHêïsê?

15. They are not present.

yês¡T ˝Òs¡T.

16. Are they not present?

yês¡T ˝Òsê?

17. Boys are present.

u≤\Ts¡T ñHêïs¡T.

18. Are boys present?

u≤\Ts¡T ñHêïsê?

19. Boys are not present.

u≤\Ts¡T ˝Òs¡T.

20. Are boys not present?

21. He is present.

22. Is he present?

23. He is not present.

24. Is he not present?

25. She is present.

26. Is she present?

27. She is not present.

28. Is she not present?

29. It is present.

30. Is it present?

31. It is not present.

32. Is it not present?

33. Rama is present.

34. Is Rama present.

35. Rama is not present.

36. Is Rama not present?

37. Sita is present.

38. Is Sita present?

39. Sita is not present?

40. Is Sita not present?

u≤\Ts¡T ˝Òsê? n‘·qT ñHêï&ÉT. n‘·qT ñHêï&Ü? n‘·qT ˝Ò&ÉT. n‘·qT ˝Ò&Ü? ÄyÓT ñqï~. ÄyÓT ñqï<ë? ÄyÓT ˝Ò<äT. ÄyÓT ˝Ò<ë? n~ ñqï~. n~ ñqï<ë? n~ ˝Ò<äT. n~ ˝Ò<ë? sêeTT&ÉT ñHêï&ÉT. sêeTT&ÉT ñHêï&Ü? sêeTT&ÉT ˝Ò&ÉT. sêeTT&ÉT ˝Ò&Ü? d”‘· ñqï~. d”‘· ñqï<ë? d”‘· ˝Ò<äT. d”‘· ˝Ò<ë?

DAY-6