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By Tariq Kamal
UET Peshawar






KRON REDUCTION METHOD
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Overview



Introduction to Kron Reduction Method
Mathmatically form with Explanation



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Introduction to Kron Reduction Method

The size of a real Ybus, admittance matrix, is very large.
Computational time can be a problem, therefore, we needed to
come up of reduce the size of such matrix.
The selection of the buses to be eliminated (in order to reduce
the size of the matrix) is usually determined by the fact that there
is no current being injected and /or the bus is of no importance to
the analysis.
As a rule if there is no external load and/or there
are not generating sources connected then we can eliminate such
bus.

When we want to eliminate a bus, we use the method of Kron.s
reduction.
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Mathmatically form

Krons reduction method is given as:
p is the bus number to be eliminated.
j row
k column
j and k take values from 1 to n
Therefore Ybus (new) has a new dimension (n-1)(n-1).
( )
jp pk
jk new jk
pp
Y Y
Y Y
Y
=
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Mathmatically form Condt

Let consider a three-bus system in which I3=0 , So we may
write admittance equation in the form


And eliminating node (3) we obtain 2 *2 system
11 12 13 1 1
2 21 22 23 2
3 31 32 33
0
Y Y Y I V
I Y Y Y V
V Y Y Y
( ( (
( ( (
=
( ( (
( ( (

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Mathmatically form Condt
The current injection into node 3 is zero and may be eliminated as
follow:
1.Using the third row of the matrix,express V3 in terms of V1 &
V3
2.The dependence of I1 and I2 on V1,V2,and V3 may now be
expressed in terms of V1 and V2
3.Collect the terms into a new 2*2 admittance matrix
Carrying out this procedure,we have

31 1 32 3 33 3
1. 0 Y V Y V Y V = + +
32 32
3 1 2
33 33
Y Y
or V V V
Y Y
=
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Mathmatically form Condt
31 32
1 11 1 12 2 13 1 2
33 33
2.
Y Y
I Y V Y V Y V V
Y Y
| |

= + +
|
\ .
31 32
2 21 1 22 2 23 1 2
33 33
Y Y
I Y V Y V Y V V
Y Y
| |

= + +
|
\ .
13 31 13 32 1 1
11 12
33 33
23 31 23 32
21 22
2 2
33 33
3.
Y Y Y Y I V
Y Y
Y Y
Y Y Y Y
Y Y
I V
Y Y
(
| || |
( (

( | |
( (
\ .\ .
(
( (
=
(
( (
| || |
(
( (
| |
(

\ .\ .

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Regardless of which node has to zero current injection a system
can be kron reduced without having to rearrange the equations.for
example if Ip=0 in the nodal equation of the N-bus system we may
directly calculate the elements of the new,reduced bus admittance
matrix by chossing Ypp as the pivot and p using the general
formula
Mathmatically form Condt
( )
, 1, 2,.....,
jp pk
jk new jk
pp
Y Y
Y Y i j n
Y
= =