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- Understanding the impact of mental disorders

-Nishi S. Gupta
-B. Sc. (Biomedical Sciences), B. Sc. Pharm Candidate
http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/images/stories/large/2012/07/25/mental.jpg

Insight into the minds of individuals suffering from mental disorders

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f7uKg7ujoig

1. What is mental illness?


- Common mental illnesses: signs and symptoms

2. What is Stigma?
Stigma in: A. Personal Life B. Work life C. Discrimination in Media D. Discrimination in Healthcare E. Self Discrimination

3. Learn more and support resources

Mental health (like physical health) is essential for living. It helps us learn, play, work and find enjoyment in our lives. A mental illness is a disruption in the mental health of a person. It has a big impact on the person being able to function effectively in the long run.

http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/diseases-maladies/mental-eng.php#is http://www.cheo.on.ca/uploads/Mental%20Health/Mental%20Health%20and%20Illness%20Overview.pdf

Depression

Mood Disorders
Bipolar Disorder Suicide

http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/the-numbers-count-mental-disorders-in-america/index.shtml#Intro

Phobia

Panic Disorder

OCD

Anxiety Disorders

PTSD

Generalized

http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/the-numbers-count-mental-disorders-in-america/index.shtml#Intro

Anorexia

Eating disorders
Binge Bulimia

http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/the-numbers-count-mental-disorders-in-america/index.shtml#Intro

Autism

Schizophrenia

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Borderline Personality Disorder

http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/the-numbers-count-mental-disorders-in-america/index.shtml#Intro

What percentage of Canadians who have committed suicide had a diagnosable mental illness? A. 50% B. 70% C. 80% D. 90%

What percentage of Canadians who have committed suicide had a diagnosable mental illness? A. 50% B. 70% C. 80% D. 90%

If you have a : Sight defect you need _____________

http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/Churchill-36463-NHSL-Overcoming-Mental-Health-Stigma-Seminar-TAGISM-labelling-effects-as-Entertainment-ppt-powerpoint/

If you have a : Sight defect you need GLASSES Hearing problem you need ____________

http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/Churchill-36463-NHSL-Overcoming-Mental-Health-Stigma-Seminar-TAGISM-labelling-effects-as-Entertainment-ppt-powerpoint/

If you have a : Sight defect you need GLASSES Hearing problem you need HEARING AID Diabetes you need ___________________

http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/Churchill-36463-NHSL-Overcoming-Mental-Health-Stigma-Seminar-TAGISM-labelling-effects-as-Entertainment-ppt-powerpoint/

If you have a : Sight defect you need GLASSES Hearing problem you need HEARING AID Diabetes you need MEDS AND/OR INSULIN Broken Arm you need ______________

http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/Churchill-36463-NHSL-Overcoming-Mental-Health-Stigma-Seminar-TAGISM-labelling-effects-as-Entertainment-ppt-powerpoint/

If you have a : Sight defect you need GLASSES Hearing problem you need HEARING AID Diabetes you need MEDS AND/OR INSULIN Broken Arm you need CAST AND/OR SURGERY Mental illness you need _________________

http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/Churchill-36463-NHSL-Overcoming-Mental-Health-Stigma-Seminar-TAGISM-labelling-effects-as-Entertainment-ppt-powerpoint/

If you have a : Sight defect you need GLASSES Hearing problem you need HEARING AID Diabetes you need MEDS AND/OR INSULIN Broken Arm you need CAST AND/OR SURGERY Mental illness you need ???????

http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/Churchill-36463-NHSL-Overcoming-Mental-Health-Stigma-Seminar-TAGISM-labelling-effects-as-Entertainment-ppt-powerpoint/

Stigma is defined as a sign of disgrace or discredit which sets a person apart The experience of stigma can be broken down into:
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Shame Blame Secrecy The black sheep of the family role Isolation Social exclusion Stereotypes Discrimination

Byrne, P. Stigma of mental illness and ways of diminishing it. Adv. In Pysch. Treat. (2000)6: 65-72

Denial Frustration, Helplessness and Anxiety Stigma by Association Labelling Delayed treatment

Shunned: Discrimination against people with mental illness. Thornicroft G. Oxford University Press (Oxford) 2006. , Thornicroft G, Rose D, Kassam A. Discrimination in health care against people with mental illness. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2007 Apr;19(2):113-22.

Parents Spouses Siblings Children

Exclusion from work Higher unemployment rates Much harder to get and maintain a job Lower rates of pay: Menial vs. Executive jobs Discrimination from co-workers

Dilemma: conceal or disclose ????

Shunned: Discrimination against people with mental illness. Thornicroft G. Oxford University Press (Oxford) 2006. , Thornicroft G, Rose D, Kassam A. Discrimination in health care against people with mental illness. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2007 Apr;19(2):113-22.

http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/01/08/gabrielle-giffords-shot-c_n_806211.html

http://www.cnn.com/2013/03/27/justice/arizona-loughner-details,http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/01/08/gabrielle-giffords-shot-c_n_806211.html

Admission to a psychiatric facility Professionals are more pessimistic about recovery Physician Bias

Negative attitudes from healthcare providers


Less access to primary care.
Shunned: Discrimination against people with mental illness. Thornicroft G. Oxford University Press (Oxford) 2006. , Thornicroft G, Rose D, Kassam A. Discrimination in health care against people with mental illness. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2007 Apr;19(2):113-22.

Comparison of Mood Disorder Rates in Ontarians with and without Chronic Physical Conditions

CMHA, The Relationship between Mental Health, Mental Illness and Chronic Physical Conditions. December 2008. Available at ontario.cmha.ca/download.php?docid=501

Not seeking help when need it

Blame self for familial instabilities


Avoidance of important actions such as seeking jobs or life partners due to fear of failure

Shunned: Discrimination against people with mental illness. Thornicroft G. Oxford University Press (Oxford) 2006. , Thornicroft G, Rose D, Kassam A. Discrimination in health care against people with mental illness. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2007 Apr;19(2):113-22.

Question 2
True or False? A. 75% of people with mental disorders never get any help B. Unemployment rates in people with serious mental illness can be as high as 70% C. Likelihood that people with mental illness will be victims of violence is 2.5 times that of general population D. More than 50% of patients will be stigmatized by their families

Question 2
True or False? (They are all TRUE) A. 75% of people with mental disorders never get any help B. Unemployment rates in people with serious mental illness can be as high as 70% C. Likelihood that people with mental illness will be victims of violence is 2.5 times that of general population D. More than 50% of patients will be stigmatized by their families

Supportive family - dont play the blame game Learn about the mental illness and road to recovery Day to day management

Good communication
Be proactive
http://ourhealthyminds.com/family-handbook/you-and-your-family/managing-the-everyday.html

1. Accept your own feelings and know that you are not alone 2. Stay connected 3. Join a support group 4. Take time for yourself 5. Seek help for yourself if need be 6. Develop day to day coping strategies 7. Game plan for a crisis

http://www.cmha.ca/mental_health/family-support-common-questions/#.Ud0Jw_lwqSo

Canadian Mental Health Association Grand River Branch 67 King E Kitchener, ON N2G 2K4 Phone: (519) 744-7645 http://www.cmhagrb.on.ca/dnn/

http://www.cmhagrb.on.ca/dnn/

Counselling services:
Mosaic Counseling and Family Services, 519-743-6333 K-W Counselling, 519-884-0000 Shalom Counselling, 519-886-9690 Lutherwood/Kidslink Children's Mental Health Access Centre, 519-749-2932 Cardinal counseling, 519-746-9062

http://www.grhosp.on.ca/Links H, ttp://communitylinks.cioc.ca/?UseCICVw=33

Mood Disorders Association 36 Eglinton Ave. West, Suite 602 Toronto, ON M4R 1A1 Tel: (416 )486-8046 Toll-free:1-888-486-8236 http://www.mooddisorders.ca/ Children Mental Health Ontario Local Branch: Front Door 1770 King St. E Kitchener, ON 519-749-2932 http://www.kidsmentalhealth.ca

http://www.grhosp.on.ca/Links H, ttp://communitylinks.cioc.ca/?UseCICVw=33

Center for Mental Health and Addiction CAMH Main switchboard (416) 535-8501 For general information about mental illness, addiction or services call (416) 595-6111 or 1-800-463-6273 (toll free) http://www.camh.ca Connex Ontario Phone:519-439-0174 Mental health Helpline: 1-866-531-2600 (24 hour helpline) http://www.connexontario.ca/

http://www.grhosp.on.ca/Links H, ttp://communitylinks.cioc.ca/?UseCICVw=33

Eating Disorders

The Eating Disorders Program (facilitated through the Trellis Mental Health and Developmental Services) 519-821-3592 or 1-800-471-1732
Kitchener-Waterloo Suicide Hotline 519-744-1813

http://www.grhosp.on.ca/Links H, ttp://communitylinks.cioc.ca/?UseCICVw=33

Local community resources available at: http://communitylinks.cioc.ca/?UseCICVw=33

http://communitylinks.cioc.ca/?UseCICVw=33

http://pyschiatricdisorders.weebly.com/

Success is within grasp


Successful pharmacist who has given over has given over 400 presentations, She has also been interviewed by the publications such as the Globe and Mail, National Post, Chatelaine, Canadian Living, Macleans and Best Health magazines, and has appeared on national and international television speaking on everything from crystal meth, beer, to medications and shopping, and has been seen by million viewers. When her friends and family see that a story about mental health or addictions is going to be on the news, they have been heard to remark that she will probably be interviewed as the expert. Her YouTube Channel has over 330,000 views.

Mental disorders are chronic conditions which are very manageable. Communication and a supportive network of family and friends is the key to success

BE PROACTIVE AND ADDRESS THE ELEPHANT IN THE ROOM!

http://thebiggeridea.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/TenQuestionsDropshippers.jpg http://www.time-to-change.org.uk/sites/default/files/imce_uploads/infographic-mental-health-stigma-statsyoung-people.jpg http://pyschiatricdisorders.weebly.com/ http://communitylinks.cioc.ca/?UseCICVw=33 http://www.grhosp.on.ca/Links http://www.cmhagrb.on.ca/dnn/ http://www.cmha.ca/mental_health/family-support-common-questions/#.Ud0Jw_lwqSo http://ourhealthyminds.com/family-handbook/you-and-your-family/managing-the-everyday.html Shunned: Discrimination against people with mental illness. Thornicroft G. Oxford University Press (Oxford) 2006. Thornicroft G, Rose D, Kassam A. Discrimination in health care against people with mental illness. Int Rev Psychiatry. 2007 Apr;19(2):113-22. CMHA, The Relationship between Mental Health, Mental Illness and Chronic Physical Conditions. December 2008. Available at ontario.cmha.ca/download.php?docid=501 http://www.cnn.com/2013/03/27/justice/arizona-loughner-details, http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2011/01/08/gabrielle-giffords-shot-c_n_806211.html Byrne, P. Stigma of mental illness and ways of diminishing it. Adv. In Pysch. Treat. (2000)6: 65-72 http://www.authorstream.com/Presentation/Churchill-36463-NHSL-Overcoming-Mental-Health-StigmaSeminar-TAGISM-labelling-effects-as-Entertainment-ppt-powerpoint/ http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/diseases-maladies/mental-eng.php#is http://www.cheo.on.ca/uploads/Mental%20Health/Mental%20Health%20and%20Illness%20Overview.pdf http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/the-numbers-count-mental-disorders-inamerica/index.shtml#Intro

Thank you