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Memahami bagaimana katakerja digunakan di dalam Kertas 2, Bahagian C


is are


was / were 1. He was happy. 2. They were in Kuala Lumpur. 3. It was hot. ACTION VERBS 1. noticed, saw, found, gave 2. had gone, had eaten 3. was gardening



1. siblings Amin has three siblings 2. grandfather's orchard They went to their grandfather's orchard. 3. durian There were many durians. 4. rambutan There were many rambutans. 5. laden 6. pick up They picked up the fruits. 7. ground The fruits were on the ground. 8. basket They put the fruits into the basket. 9. pole Amin used a pole. 10. pluck He plucked the fruits. 11. tied Amin tied a knife to the pole. 12. before Before afternoon, they rested. 13. home In the evening, they wanted to go home. 14. try Amin and his siblings tried the durians. 15. sweet The durians were sweet. 16. juicy They were juicy.

17. creamy 18. enjoyed

They were creamy. They enjoyed themselves.

Amin has three siblings. They went to their grandfather's orchard. There were many durians. There were many rambutans. They picked up the fruits. The fruits were on the ground. They put the fruits into the basket. Amin used a pole. He plucked the fruits. Amin tied a knife to the pole. Before afternoon, they rested. In the evening, they wanted to go home. Amin and his siblings tried the durians. The durians were sweet.They were juicy. They were creamy. They enjoyed themselves. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------









(3) tried (3) enjoyed

(2) picked (2) plucked (2) tied

(1) went

During the school holidays, Amin and his siblings went to their grandfather's orchard.

IDIOMS of FEELINGS happy (gembira)

on cloud nine A person who is on cloud nine is very happy because something wonderful has happened. When the headmaster announced result, he was on cloud nine. fulls of the If you are full of the joys of spring, you are happy, joys of spring enthusiastic and full of energy. Alina was full of the joys of spring because she had won the first prize.

sad (sedih)
down in the dumps Someone who is down in the dumps is depressed or feeling gloomy. Alex was down in the dumps when he failed his exam. If your heart sinks, you feel very unhappy and despondent. Her heart sank when she saw the amount of work waiting for her.

your heart sinks

excited / excitement (teruja)

bounce off the walls Someone who is very excited about something, or full of nervous energy, is said to be bouncing off the walls. Danny can't wait to start his new job. He is bouncing off the walls.

edge of one's Someone who is on the edge of their seat is very seat interested in something and finds it both extremely exciting and nerve-wracking. Look at Bob! He's on the edge of his seat watching that rugby match!

nervous (gementar)
cat on hot bricks A person who is like a cat on hot bricks is very nervous or restless. The week before the results were published, she was like a cat on hot bricks.

1. walk: move on one's feet. We walked to town. 2. limp: walk unevenly because one leg is hurt. That man is hurt, he's limping. 3. hobble: walk with difficulty. The old man hobbled along the street with the aid of his stick. 4. stagger: walk unsteadily as if about to fall. He was so drunk that he staggered all the way home. 5. stumble: stagger. She stumbled upstairs and into bed. 6. lurch: stagger. The drunken man was lurching along the street. 7. tiptoe: walk on the tips of one's toes. She tiptoed to the bed so as not to wake the baby. 8. stroll: walk for pleasure. They strolled around the park. 9. amble: walk at a slow, leisurely pace. They ambled along for miles. 10. saunter: stroll. They sauntered around the park. 11. wander: move without a fixed purpose or destination. They enjoy wandering through the countryside. 12. roam: wander. They roamed through the streets for hours. 13. ramble: walk for pleasure with no particular destination. He likes rambling around in the country. 14. mooch: wander, walk slowly without any purpose.


John mooched about the shops. 15. meander: walk in a slow, relaxed way instead of taking the most direct way possible. (Rivers also meander). As I was sitting in the park, I watched as couples seemed to meander around happily. 16. stride: walk with long steps. She strode across the fields. 17. strut: walk in a proud way, with the chest out and trying to look important. He strutted past us, ignoring our greeting. 18. swagger: walk proudly, strut. After winning the first prize, the player swaggered about proudly. 19. stalk: walk in a proud or angry way, with long steps. The teacher turned and stalked out of the classroom. 20. sashay: walk in a confident way, moving the body from side to side, especially so that people look at you. The models sashayed down the aisle showing their clothes. 21. trudge: walk slowly and with effort because one is tired. We were very tired after trudging through the deep snow for two hours. 22. shuffle: walk very slowly and noisily, without lifting one's feet off the ground. His legs were aching so much that he shuffled to bed.

23. stump: walk heavily and stiffly. They stumped up the hill. 24. plod: walk with heavy steps or with difficulty. Labourers plodded home through the muddy fields. 25. pace: walk with regular steps. He paced up and down the platform, waiting for the train. 26. march: walk with regular steps of equal length. Demonstrators marched through the streets of the city. 27. parade: walk or march together to celebrate or protest. Demonstrators paraded through the streets of the city. 28. crawl: move slowly with the body close to the ground or on hands and knees. A baby crawls before he can walk. 29. toddle: walk with short unsteady steps. Her two-year-old son toddled into the room. 30. edge: move gradually with small movements. Paul decided to edge away from the crowd. 31. creep: move slowly and quietly with the body close to the ground. The cat crept silently towards the bird. 32. sneak: go quietly and secretly in order to avoid being seen or heard. The boy sneaked in without paying. 33. pad: walk softly and quietly. The child padded barefoot down the stairs.

34. prowl: walk slowly and quietly because you are involved in a criminal activity or because you are looking for something. Street gangs usually prowl this alley. 35. slide: move smoothly over a surface. I was sliding on the ice. 36. slip: slide accidentally. She slipped on the ice and broke her leg. 37. dash: move quickly and suddenly, rush. I must dash or I'll miss the train. 38. dart: move quickly and suddenly in the specified direction. She darted away when I came in. 39. scamper: run quickly and playfully. The children were scampering up the steps. 40. sprint: run very quickly for a short distance. The kids sprinted down the stairs. 41. jog: run slowly and steadily, as a way of exercising. She goes jogging everyday. 42. trip over: catch one's foot on something and stumble or fall. He tripped over the step and fell. 43. scuttle: move quickly with short steps, because you are afraid or do not want to be noticed. The mouse scuttled off when we entered the room. 44. scurry: move quickly with short steps, because you are in a hurry. He was late so he had to scurry off to work. 45. skip: move forward with quick steps and jumps.

The child skipped with joy towards his father. 46. lope: run with long steps. The man loped off after the ball. 47. lollop: run with long awkward steps. The dog came lolloping down the path. 48. tear: run or move quickly in a dangerous or careless way. When the storm started, they tore back into the house. 49. rush: hurry, move quickly because you need to get somewhere soon. She was late so she decided to rush off down the hall. 50. hop: move by jumping on one foot. The man hopped down the road after hurting his foot. 51. trip: walk with short quick steps, usually as young girls do. The little girl tripped happily up the road. 52. lunge: make a sudden movement towards somebody or something. The boxer lunged forward and grabbed his opponent by the arm. 53. scramble: climb up or down, or over something

quickly and with difficulty. They had to scramble up to the top of the hill to see the view. 54. hike: take a long walk in the mountains or countryside, as an adventure. The group hiked up to the top of the hill. 55. trek: hike; make a long, difficult journey on foot. For ten days she trekked across the mountains of China. 56. paddle (GB), wade (US): walk for pleasure without shoes or socks in water that is not very deep. The children were paddling in the lake. 57. waddle: walk with short steps, moving the body from one side to another, used especially to talk about birds or people with fat bodies. The fat man waddled off to the restaurant for lunch. 58. prance: walk with high steps or large movements, in a confident way. She pranced around her room, pretending to be an actress.


A. Competition/Contest 1. Taking part in Board Games Competition - Chess / Checkers / Scrabble 2. Taking part in Colouring Contest 3. Taking part in Fancy Dress Contest 4. Taking part in Fishing Competition 5. Taking part in Tournament 6. Taking part in Contest 7. Taking part in Competition 8. Taking part in Competition 9. Taking part in Competition Football Kite Flying Poem Recital Public Speaking Singing

10. Taking part in Story Telling Competition D. School Activities 1. Anti-Drug Campaign 2. Attending Computer Classes 3. Attending Tuition Class 4. Blood Donation Campaign 5. Buying food at the canteen 6. Camping Activity 7. Canteen Day 8. Cleanliness Campaign 9. Health Campaign 10. Recycling Campaign 11. Sports 12. Spring Cleaning 13. Teachers Day E. Experiences 1. Being robbed by a burglar 2. Bidding farewell to someone at a bus station / taxi station / railway station / airport 3. Buying presents for someone 4. Eating at a restaurant with family/friends 5. Enjoying swimming in a swimming pool 6. Feeling sick and going to the clinic / hospital 7. Gardening Planting Flowers 8. Going shopping 9. Going to a market 10. Going to see a dentist 11. Going to the funfare 12. Jogging at the playground 13. Jungle-trekking 14. Lost in the jungle / shopping complex 15. Moving to a new house 16. Picnic 17. Spending time at a fruit orchard 18. Spending time at a playground 19. Spending time at the backyard with friends 20. Staying in a tree house 21. Taking a walk with a pet in the park 22. Visiting a sick friend / relative / neighbour

23. Visiting botanical garden 24. Visiting famous resorts 25. Visiting famous tourist destinations 26. Visiting grandparents / relatives / friends 27. Visiting historical places 28. Visiting the zoo 29. Watching a circus 30. Watching a movie at a cinema 31. Watching a procession The Chingay Procession 32. Watching a procession The Thaipusam Parade 33. Watching a procession - The National Parade 34. Watching turtles laying eggs 35. Welcoming someone home at a bus station / taxi stand / railway station / airport 36. Witnessing an accident G. Good Deeds 1. A group of scouts carrying out cleaning activities at ones home 2. Helping a blind man to cross the road 3. Helping a car driver fixing a punctured/flat tyre 4. Helping a car driver whose car tyres stuck in the mud 5. Helping family to clean the house 6. Helping father to wash the car 7. Helping mother buying things at the market 8. Helping mother in the kitchen 9. Helping mother to prepare a dish 10. Helping mother to wash and dry the clothes 11. Helping someone to catch a thief 12. Helping someone who is trapped in a heavy downpour 13. Helping someone whose house is on fire

14. Honesty Returning a wallet/purse found while walking home / in a taxi or bus 15. In a bus - giving seat to someone 16. Leading someone to a destination 17. Saving an animals life 18. Saving money 19. Saving ones life Drowning 20. Taking a hurt pet for treatment 21. Taking care of a sick person at home mother/father etc

H. Morale-based Stories 1. 2. 3. 4. Bad habit - Stealing fruits Bully Carelessness Breaking a vase Dishonesty - Copying a friends work during examination 5. Disobedient Swimming without permission 6. Hardworking Washing ones own property bicycle / motorcycle etc 7. Indisciplined Playful in the class 8. Indisciplined - Waking up late 9. Insincere - Telling lies to teachers / parents 10. Laziness - Lazy to do school work I. Process 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Making a book mark Making a kite Making a paper bowl Making a scrap book Making a stick puppet Making an omelette Preparing a dish Preparing a simple pancake Preparing pickle

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