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LaL.

D R5436C

COMPLETE

ENGLISH-LATIN DICTIONARY,
FOR

THE USE OF COLLEGES AND SCHOOLS.

BY

THE REV.
OF
ST.

J.

E.

RIDDLE, M.A.

EDMUND HALL, OXFORD.

LONDON:
LONGMAN, ORME, BROWN, GREEN, AND LONGMANS,
PATERNOSTER-ROW; AND

JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET.


1838.

LONDON:
Printed by A. SPOTTISWOODE, New-Street-Square.

PREFACE.
"

BE

patient," says

The Author of this Volume


persons by

an Eastern proverb, " and the mulberry-leaf will become satin." fears that he has severely exercised the patience of many

whom

its

announcement was favourably

received.

He

is

not bold enough

to apply the latter portion of the proverb to the quality of his work ; but he fearlessly asserts that his own patience has been the most severely taxed, and he trusts that the

arduous nature of his task will be deemed a taken place.


the

sufficient excuse for the delay

which has

None new

one.

of the English-Latin Dictionaries extant could be fitly adopted as the basis of The plan of these works is so imperfect, and their Latin is of such doubtful

quality,

than to
its

and often so decidedly bad, that they would have served rather to embarrass assist the present undertaking This volume is, in fact, quite independent of unsatisfactory predecessors. It has been composed with the aid of good Dictionaries
Latin-English Lexicons and Dictionaries, with reference to
in foreign languages, including the

of the English language,


classical authorities,

and Dictionaries
others,

German-

Latin of

Lunemann and

and

especially the

French-Latin of Noel.

Two leading objects have been kept in view throughout this Dictionary ; namely, to give good Latin, and to exhibit a complete English vocabulary, with the addition of meanings to such words as are often used in various acceptations. The meanings have
been carefully divided, and arranged. Readers will, of course, judge for themselves concerning the value of the whole work but a brief notice of some things which have
;

been done, or at The Latin is

least attempted,
classical
;

may

that

is

not be altogether useless. to say, the words and phrases recommended in this

Authorities have been copiously Dictionary are such as occur in good Latin writers. cited ; but it has not been thought necessary to attach writers' names to all the common

and well-known words of the language. English words expressive of ideas peculiar to modern times have received the best
renderings which the Author could either find or devise ; but these, together indeed rest of the work, he submits to the judgment of the learned, with every apology for all imperfections, and with a very humble request for candour and indulgence.

with the

Many words, however, which at first sight appear purely modern, or, for some reason, not capable of being directly expressed in Latin, find, in fact, an exact and simple representative in some single word, or some very compendious phrase, of a classical
writer.

Barbarous or low Latin has been carefully excluded from the columns of

this

Dic-

tionary ; but, in some instances, when a bad word looks like a good one, or when such a word has received the sanction of existing English-Latin Dictionaries, the inferior

be found, by way of caution.


lexicographers;

Latin has been given in a parenthesis, with the name of a writer in whose works it may But the Author does not profess to have pursued this plan with respect to all the bad Latin which has been recommended by our earlier

for, unfortunately, the words to which this description would apply are very numerous, and the continual task of warning the reader against the use of them would have been, perhaps, equally invidious and needless. The English Vocabulary will be found, it is hoped, large enough. It is, in substance, a list of English words, such as occur in our standard writers, or are in lawful and

general use at the present


especially such as are

clay.

Some terms
in

met with

well-known

nearly or quite obsolete have been inserted ; writers, or in any English compositions

likely to be proposed for translation into Latin.

iv

PREFACE.
The
principal
;

meanings of English words have been exhibited in such order as

appeared best

ings which noticed in its place, let the student consider by what other English word that meaning is expressed, and look for such word under its owrt head.

but, for the sake of brevity, this system has not been extended to meanare either doubtful or uncommon. When a word occurs in any sense not

Many phrases and common combinations of English words have been quoted, and But here some bounds were to be observed ; and the supplied with Latin renderings. Author was continually reminded that he had not undertaken to compile a Phrase-book,
but to make a Dictionary.
the volume as

much

as

many

cases, a phrase is

It was necessary also to keep down the bulk and price of might be consistent with the completeness of the work. In given chiefly for the purpose of showing the use of some Latin

word not previously mentioned. Let it always be remembered

that this

book

is

designed as a COMPANION, and in

many

respects simply as an INDEX, to the corresponding LATIN-ENGLISH DICTIONARY already The student is referred to that Dictionary for all additional information published.
relating to the genders

the difference of synonyms,

whatever

may facilitate The Author begs leave to return sincere thanks to numerous College and Private Tutors, Heads of Schools, and the Public at large, for their exceedingly kind and
reception of his

government, and construction of words, turn and application of phrases, and variations of style, elegant Latin composition.
inflexions, uses,

and

favourable

Latin-English Dictionary, to which he has thus had His acknowledgments are due, more especially, to those learned individuals who have kindly communicated their critical suggestions and remarks. The observations which have been sent to him by private channels, as well as those which
occasion to refer.

have appeared in public reviews, are equally scholar-like and kind meet with all due attention.

nor will they

fail to

The work
as long.
its

is,

at last, complete.

The

task of composing

it

has been wearisome as well

Let scholars and students

treat the

whole book according to their estimation of

worth.

The Author desires most devoutly to express his gratitude to the Giver- of all Good, who has supplied him with health ^nd strength during the period of nearly ten In dependyears in which the work of Latin Lexicography has been upon his hands.
ence on the same Divine Providence, he devotes himself henceforth to labours purely theological and pastoral, such as are more congenial to his taste, and more strictly
in accordance with his duty.
J.

E. R.

HARROW,

July 14. 1838.

ENGLISH-LATIN

DICTIONARY
A.
nouns singular ; for the most part not expressed in Latin ; as, A dog ; canis. II. One, unus e. g. all to a man ; ad unum omnes. III. Some ; quidara e. g. a man ; homo quidam. IV. Each, every ; singuli, se, a ; or it is expressed by a noun singular after in ; e. g. a day (each
.

ABHORRENT
I. Struck with abhorrence ; alienus a re ; Cic. II. Inconsistent with, contrary to, foreign; aversus ; contrarius ; remotus ; alienus. To ABIDE, v. n. I. To dwell; habitare in loco, or locum ; colere, or incolere, locum. II. To remain, not to cea&e or fail ; durare. III. To continue ; manere. To ABIDE, v. a. I. To wait for, expect; exspectare. II. To bear, support, endure; pati ; perpeti; III. To bear ferre; perferre; tolerare; sustinere. without aversion; tolerare. IV. To abide by any To abide thing ; permanere in re ; stare re, or in re. by one's promise ; stare promissis. ABILITY, s. I. Power ; II. potentia; potestas. Skill: peritia; scientia. III. Riches ; divitia? facultates. IV. Strength ; vires, pi. V. Capacity, quaVI. PI. Abilities, i. e. faculties or lification ; facultas. powers of the mind ; vires, or dotes, animi. ABJECT, a. I. Worthless, mean; vilis ; humilis; abjectus ; Cic. : contemptu dignus ; contemnendus. II. Without hope ; demissus ; fractus. ABJECTLY, ad. Abjecte ; humiliter ; demisse. ABJECTNESS or ABJECTION, s. i. e. Meanness, baseness ; humilitas animi ; animus abjectus, Quint. ABJURATION, s. Ejuratio ; abnegatio jurata. To ABJURE, v. a. I. To swear not to do something ; ejurare rem ; or, jurejurando interposito abnegare rem ; or, jurare se aliquid non esse facturum. II. To retract or deny upon oath ; interposito jurejurando renuntiare rei ; abjurare ; ejurare ; jurejurando negare. ABLATIVE CASE, (in grammar) Ablativus casus ; sextua

I.

As an

indefinite article before


;

ABHORRENT,

a.

day)

in diem.

A man (each man)

in singulos homines.

Four acres a man; quaterna


a

in singula capita, or, in

multi (sc. homines). V. Before a participle, after a verb of motion e. g. To VI. In denoting a space go a hunting ; ire venatum. of time e. g. Once a year; semel in anno i semel singulis
singulos jugera

Many

man ;

annis.

puppim versus.. To give up, resign ; renunTo abandon one's self to To abandon hope; anything; alicui rei sese dedere, II. To desert, forsake ; relinabjicere omnem spem. III. To quere deserere derelinquere destituere. abandon a wife ; repudiare To abandon a son ; abdi-

ABAFT, ad.
;

To ABANDON,
abjicere

A
;

puppi

a tergo

v. a.

I.

ciare

omittere

care.

ABANDONED, part.
flagitiosus

a.
;

i.

e.

Wicked corrupt; pejditus;


t

nequam ABANDONMENT, s.
;

pessimus.
Derelictio
;

relictio

To ABASE, v. a. Humilem reddere; deprimere; dignitatem alicujus minuere ; de gradu dejicere To abase one's self; se demittere ; se abjicere. ABASEMENT, s. I. The act of bringing low; deII. A loiv state ; humilis status. jectio depressio. To ABASH, v. a. Afficere aliquem pudore ; injicere
;

desertio.

alicui

pudorem

Abashed; pudore affectus


v. a.
I.

pudibundus
;

casus, us.
I. Of great power ; potens ABLE. a. prsepollens. II. Of power sij(fficient ; idoneus habilis ; aptus ad
; ;

pudefactus.

To diminish ; minuere immiII. To depress ; as, to abate one's nuere; deminuere. III. To let down the price courage, animum frangere.
in selling ; deducere de

To ABATE,

rem

summa

detrahere
less ;

subtrahere.
;
:

To ABATE,
ABBESS.
5.

v.

n. i.e.

To grow

minui imminui

To BE Posse; valere ; pollere quire. ABLE-BODIED, a. Robustus firmus fortis. ABLUTION, s. Lavatio lotura ; Plin. fablutio lotio
; ; ; ; ;

potens

valens. ABLE. v. n.
;

; remittere ; mitigari ; leniri. Abbatissa ; sacrarum virginum antistes, or antistita; maxima virgo (Suetonius applies this term to the chief of the Vestals). ABBEY, s. Abbatia, ae, f.

(of pain) remitti

Vitr.

ABNEGATION,
Cic.

s.

Abnegatio

abjuratio

renuntiatio
;

ABBOT,

s.

v. a, I. To shorten by contraction ; contrahere ; aliquid brevius reddere. To contract words ; verba decurtare ; contrahere ; compendiis scribendi uti ; II. To shorten, cut short; per compendia scribere. decurtare ; circumcidere ; circumscribere. ABBREVIATURE, s. Circumscriptio ; contractio rei or

To ABBREVIATE,

Abbas,

atis,

m.

abbatiae prsefectus.

verborum (of words) compendium scribendi. To ABDICATE, v. a. i. e. To resign (an office) ; deponere munus renuntiare muneri ; abdicate se munere ;
; ;

habitatio I. Place of residence ; sedes ABODE, s. II. Stay, continuance domicilium ; Cic. place; commoratio. I. To annul ; abrogare; antiTo ABOLISH, v. a. Cic abolere ; tollere To abquare ; exstinguere olish a law ; legem delere, abrogare, tollere, refigere, To abolish a cusrescindere, antiquare, obliterare, Cic. tom ; morem solvere, Ter. consuetudinem adimere, Tac. To abolish games; ludos perimere ac tollere, Cic To abolish taxes; abrogare vectigalia, Caes.

ma

munus

abdicare.
s. s.

II. To destroy; delere ; abolere ; exstinguere ; exstirpare tollere. To be abolished ; aboleri ; exstingui, &c. obsolescere, Cic. : exolescere, Col. interire, Ov.
:

; ;

ABDICATION, ABERRATION,

To ABET.
tare
;

v. a.
;

Abdicatio muneris, Liv. Aberratio ; erratic ; error. I. To encourage; concitare


excitare
;

Quint.
;

ABOLITION, s. Abrogatio exstinctio, Cic. abolitio, Of a law ; legis interitus, us abrogatio abo;
:

inci-

litio

Cic.
a.
;

II. To help ; impellere. alicui succurrere ; opera, auxilium ferre; auxiliari ; esse auxilio ; aliquem adjuvare, juvare, &c. ABETTOR, s. Concitator impulsor ; qui adjuvat. ABEYANCE, s. Spes alicui succedendi. To ABHOR, v. a. Aversari, detestari rem ; also, abhorrere aliquem, aliquid, or ab aliquo ; alienissimum

instigare

ABOMINABLE,
tandus
;

Aversandus
horribilis
;

abominandus
in

detesCic.
;

horrendus
ad.
;

atrox.

ABOMINABLY,
atrociter
fcede.

Abominandum

modum,

animum habere ab
ABHORRENCE,
as, facto

aliquo

invisum habere
;

Cic.

s. Aversatio aversando, &c.

detestatio

or by a verb,

Aversari ; detestan rem ; horrere ; abominari also, abhorrere, Cic. I. Hatred, detestation ; aversatio ; ABOMINATION, s. II. The object of hatred ; detestatio ; exsecratio ; Cic. res abominanda, horrenda, &c. (Tertullian says, abomi-

To ABOMINATE,
;

v. a.

natio.)

ABORTION
Theact of bringing forth untimely; II. The produce of an untimely birth; aborabortio. (Hieronymus says, abortium.) tus, us, Cic. I. ABORTIVE, a. Brought forth before due time; II. That fails'; qui non procedit exitum abortivus. felicem non habens. To be abortive ; in vanum cedere
ABORTION.*.
I.
; ;

ABSENT
absent ; alias res agit
;

ejus vagatur, or alio peregrinatur,

animus, Cic. To BE ABSENT,

v. n.

Abesse

non

interesse rei

To

absent one's self y non comparere.


1. Complete ; ABSOLUTE, a. perfectus ; consummatus perfectus, or absolutus, omnibus nuraeris. II.
;

frustra esse.

(followed by with or in) To have in great plenty ; habere rem abundanter ; abundare, aflluere," circumfluere, re. Abounding in any thing ; re II. To be in abundans, or affluens ; re, or rei, plenus. All things abound great plenty ; superesse ; abundare.
v. n.
I.

To ABOUND,

Unconditional; absolutus, Cic.; simplex; carens adIII. Not relative j absolutus ; junctione, or conditione. IV. Sovereign, independent; simplex et absolutus. An absolute prince ; summus imperil summus, Cic
arbiter,

Ov. ; penes quern est summa rerum potestas To be absolute master ; dominatu omnia tenere ; impe;

with you ; omnia apud te abundant suppetunt.

tibi

satis

superque
;

rio potiri

Caes.
;

eircum. II. Near to ; (of place) circa ; eircum (of time) circiter ; sub ; versus. About noon ; circiter meridiem. (Of number, &c.) ad; e. g. ad deccm millia, about ten III. Concerning, relating to; de ; super. thousand. IV. On account of; propter ; ob ; causa, gratia, with a genitive ; frequently an ablative, with verbs denoting an emotion of the mind ; as, gaudere aliqua re. V. Engaged in, employed upon ; in, with ablat. ; To be about e. g. in hoc negotio, about this business. any thing; in aliqua reoccupari, versari ; tractare aliquid ; VI. Appendant to the person ; cum; e.g. moliri. cum me, about me, ABOUT, ad. I. Circularly ; in circuit ; circa; eircum ; circumcirca, II. Nearly; propemodum ferme ; III. Here and there, every way ; fere; plus minus. IV. With to before a verb ; ubique ; circumquaque. as, about to fly usually expressed by the future in rus ; V. The longest way ; e. g. About to write; scripturus. hie sunt this way is round about ; hie via est circuitus VI. To bring about, ambages ; via ducit per ambages. conficere ; i. e. to bring to the point or state desired ; efficere ; perficere ; ad exitum adducere or perducere. VII. To come about, or be brought about; effici ; VIII. To go about a thing, i. e. to confici ; perfjei. N. B. prepare to do it; aggredi rem; rem tractare. To be about, i. e. in course of being done, fyc. ; agi ;
I.

ABOUT, prep.

Bound, encircling ;

circa
:

ABSOLUTION. *. Absolutio culpae liberatio ; Cic. To ABSOLVE, v. a. I. To acquit of a crime;

ali-

'

'

tractari.
I. Higher in place ; ABOVE, prep. super; supra. II. More in quantity or number ; plus mplius ; III. Higher in rank, power, or excelunagis quam. IV. Superior to, unlence ; prasstantior ; superior. attainable by ; ultra; supra; super vires alicujus. V. Beyond ; more than ; super ; supra ; praster ; extra. He is above twenty years old ; natus est major viginti

crimine, or de crimine, absolvere ; a scelere liberare ; Cic. Absolved; absolutus; scelere liberatus ; crimine solutus ; criminis, crimine, absolutus ; Cic. II. To free from an engagement or promise ; solvere ; III. To pronounce a sin remitted (in the ecliberare. clesiastical sense) ; liberum pronuntiare ; fatentibus peccata remittere. To ABSORB, v. a. Absorbere, Cic. ; fig., absorbere : exsorbere ; absumere ; Cic. To be absorbed in any business or matter; in re totum esse, or versari, Cic. The interest absorbs the capital; usuraa sortem mergunt, Liv. To ABSTAIN, v. n. Se abstinere ; temperare sibi ab, or in, re ; abstinere re, or a re ; Cic. ABSTEMIOUS, a. Sobrius ; abstinens , temperans ; vini abstemius, Plin. continens ; abstemius, Varr. ABSTEMIOUSNESS, s. Abstinentia, Quint., Tac. tern, continentia. ; perantia ABSTINENCE, s. I. Forbearance ; abstinentia ; conII. Fasting; abstinentia tinentia ; temperantia (re). cibi jejunium. ABSTINENT, a. Abstinens ; continens ; temperatus ; sobrius ; homo non multi cibi, Cic. To ABSTRACT, v. a. 1. To take one thing from anII. lo separate other ; abstrahere; eruere ; elicere. ideas ; mentem a singulis ad universa revocare, or evocare ; abstrahere; separare ; sejungere. III. To reduce to an epitome contrahere ; decurtare ; compendium

quem

facere.

annos (annis) natus est amplius (plus) viginti anAbove three norum ; major est viginti annorum. Above all ; potisfingers broad ; latior tribus digitis. simum ante omnia. Over and above ; ad extra supra. ABOVE, ad. i.e. Over-head; supra Over and above ; From above ; desuper insuper ad extra; super haec.
; ; ; ; ; ;

ABSTRACT, s. i.e. An epitome ; compendium. ABSTRACTEDLY, ABSTRACTLY, ad. Abstracte ; separatim (of doubtful use). ABSTRACTION, s. Actio animi partem a toto abstrahentis
;

ABSTRACT, a. Abstractus, praecisus, sejunctus ; as, An abstract idea ; notio abstracta. It seems necessary to retain the word for the sake of perspicuity.

sejunctio, Cic.
I.

ABSTRUSE.
opertus ; obscurus
abditus
; ;

celatus.

a
:

communi hominum captu remotior


:

Hidden; tectus contectus ; obtectus ; II. Remote fron. apprehension; haud


;
;

superne.

exstare. II. To excel ; praestare ; superare ; superior evadere. ABOVE-GROUND, a, i. e. Not in the grave ; in vivis. ABOVE-MENTIONED, a. Supra dictus, or memoratus. To march or go ABREAST, ad. ^Equatis frontibus. abreast; una ire aequatis frontibus, Virg. I. To shorten by contraction ; To ABRIDGE, v. a. II. To shorten, cut short ; decontrahere ; decurtare. III. To decurtare; circumcidere ; circumscribere. prive of ; privare aliquem re spoliare aliquem re. I. A larger ivork contracted into ABRIDGMENT, s.
v. n.
I.

To

BE ABOVE,

To be higher

dimcilis intellectu abstrusns ; reconditus ; The abstruse sciences ; interiores et reconditae literae, Cic. ABSURD, a. Absurdus ; insulsus ; ineptus ; a communi sensu abhorrens ; Cic. ABSURDITY, s. I. The quality of'being absurd ; insulsitas, Cic. (Absurditas is used by Claud. Mamert.) II. That which is absurd; ineptiae, arum, pi.; res absurda : res inepta ; absurde, inepte, or iusulse dictum ; Cic. ABSURDLY, ad. Absurde ; inepte ; insulse ; Cic.
"ntelligibilis

Cic.

a smaller compass; compendium II. A diminution in general ;


tractio.

epitome

surnma.
;

Cic.

circumscriptio

con;

ABROAD,
libere
lico
;

ad.

I.

Without confinement, at
; ;

large

in pubII. Out of the house; foris To come abroad ; ex adibus egredi domo proIII. In another dire e foribus or tectis excedere. IV. In all directions ; this way country ; peregre.
;

solute.

ABUNDANCE, s. I. Plenty; copia; abundantia II. More than enough; redundantia, Cic. Abundance of wine, &c. To have in ibundance ; habere abimde rem. I. ABUNDANT, a. Plentiful; copiosus; uber abun:lans Cic. II. Exuberant; affluens; circumfluens
;

Affatim vini

redundans.

ABUNDANTLY,
; ;

ad.

I.

and

that

late

To ABROGATE
antiquare
;

passim
v. a.
:

undique, usquequaque. tollere rescindere Atoolere


;
; ;

abrogare

also, irritum rcddere.


;

tus.

ABROGATION, s. Abolitio abrogatio. I. Broken, craggy; praeruptus ABRUPT, a. abrupIII. Unsubitus. II. Sudden; repentinus
;

interruptus. ad. i.e. Hastily ; subito, repentc. s. Abscessus, us, Cels. : abscessio ; yoTo open an abscess ; vomicam aperire, mica ; Cic. An abscess forms ; aliquid Cic. ; perforare, Curt. An abscess breaks; abscessus erumabscedit, Cels Cels. pit, To ABSCOND, v. n. i. e. To hide one's self ; se abscondere, occulere, occultare, celare ; or, abscondi, &c. I. Opposed to presence; absentia, Cic. ABSENCE, s. A thing was done in my absence ; me absente factum est. I could not in my absence ; absens non poteram. II. Heedlessness ; incuria ; negligentia. II. Inat1. Not present ; absens. ABSENT, a. tentive ; negligens ; mente non adtenta ; alta meditaHe is tione defixus; velut a corpore sejunctus ; Cic. 2
;

connected

ABRUPTLY,
ABSCESS,

satis superque. I. To make an ill use of; abuti. iJiquem fallere, decipere, circumveIII. ( Carnally) vitiare stuprare. nire, inducere. IV. To revile; invehi in aliquem; increpare aliquem; objurgare, &c. I. Ill use of ABUSE, s. anything; abusus, us. II. A corrupt practice ; a bad custom ; mos pravus. III. Rude reproach; convicium maledictum ; probrum. ABUSIVE, a. i.e. Rudely reproachful; maledicus ; con;

ibunde adfatim copiose. ex abundanti, Quint, ; iiimis

In plenty; abundanter; II. More than sufficiently;

To ABUSE,
II.

v. a.

To deceive

umeliosus.

ABYSS,
acroasis,
;

s.

Barathrum
s.
I.

ACADEMY,

Cic.

II. v. n.

rum academia.

To ACCEDE,
[I.

A learned assembly or society ; An university ; universitas literaIII. A private school; schola ludus.
;

vorago

gurges.

I.

To assent ; consentire
v. a.

in

To be added to; accedere. rem ; adnuere rei ; probare


Maturare
;

em.

To ACCELERATE,
nare rem.

accelerare

festi-

ACCENT, cing ; vox

s.
;

I.

vocis, or pronuntiandi, sonus, Cic.

The manner of speaking or pronoun:

vociu

ACCENT
flexus, Quint. sonus, Cic. Or. 17.
II.

ACCORDINGLY
, ;

The sound of a syllable ; accentus III. The mark of a syllable ; apex


I.

accentus, as

Quint.
v. a.

To ACCENT,
sonum

To pronounce with an accent;


;

III. According as ; prout; perinde proportion; pro. ut pro eo ac, or atque ; utcunque. ACCORDINGLY, ad. Ideo ; sic pariter ; congruen; ;

; vocalium accentu efterre vocabulum. 11. To mark with an accent. ; notare apice or accentu ; suum vocalibus accentum ascribere, or apTo mark with an acute accent ; acuere ponere, Quint (syllabam), Quint. To ACCENTUATE, v. a.. 3sotare apice or accentu. See

suas quasque literas sonis enuntfare, Quint.


spiritu inflexo variare, Plin.

To ACCOST,
pellare.

v. a.
I.

cum

Appellare

alloqui
ratio

affari

com-

ACCOUNT,
little

s.

A computation;

calculus

To ACCENT. To ACCEPT,
;

pere

I. To take with pleasure ; acciv. a, II. To accept pergratuin et acceptum habere.

account ; ratiuncula To make up an account; rationem cum aliquo computare, putare, habere: rationes subducere cum aliquo. To bring in an account; rationem To clear or balance an account ; ratireddere, referre ones absolvere To examine an account; rationes (disTo draw out an account ; rationes pungere) recensere
conficere.

sons, i.e. to act with personal regard / rationem habere hominum ; respicere homines. ACCEPTABLE, a. i. e. Grateful, pleasing; gratus ; jucundus ; suavis ; acceptus. ACCEPTABLENESS. s. Must be expressed by a periphrase; as, conditio, cum tarn digna esset quae adciperetur, movit eum ; The acceptableness of, &c. I. II. ACCEPTATION, s. Reception; adceptio. Meaning (of a word) ; sensus ; sententia ; vis. ACCESS, s. I. The way by which any thing' may be II. Means or liberty approached; aditus; accessus. To have access to any one ; habere of approach; aditus. aditum ad aliquem ; habere facultatem, or copiam, adeundi ; posse accedere ad aliquem ; aditus patet ad aliquem copia alicujus est ; ad aliquem licet adcedere, adire. III. Increase, addition; incrementum ; auctus; also, IV. The return or Jit of a augmentum ; accessio, Cic. distemper ; offensio ; impetus ; accessus, Plin. ACCESSARY or -ORY. a. Socius culpae ; reus culpse ejusdem ; sceleris, or facinoris, particeps. I. (Of a place) ; patens ; qui adiri ACCESSIBLE, a. potest ; quern adire licet. ( Tertullian says, accessibilis. ) To make accessiTo be accessible ; patere ; adiri posse ble ; palefacere ; aperire. II. (Of a person) ; qui adiri
;

account,

i.

e.

potest.

On my account ; meo nomine. Put it to my pecunia account; prop., transfer in meas rationes ; fig., tribue It is put to your account; immini; adscribe mihi To come into an account; computari ; putatur tibi rationibus inferri. II. Value or estimation ; dignity; To make great account of ; rank; pretium ; aastimatio To make no magni aestimare, facere, pendere, ducere. account of; flocci, nauci, nihili, non magni pendere. Of great account; carus magni pretii. Of no account ; vilis nullius pretii; nihili To be of some or no account; aliquo, vel nullo,essenumero,pretio. III. Regard, consideration, sake ; on account of ; propter ; ob ; causa or gratia with a genitive frequently rendered by an ablative with verbs denoting an emotion of the On that account ; ea de mind, as, gaudere aliqua re causa hac ratione. IV. A narrative, relation; narratio ; commemoratio To give an account of expositio. any thing ; rem ordine exponere ; narrare ; referre. V. Explanation ; ratio To give an account of one's actions rationem reddere To demand an account ; poscere rationem. To ACCOUNT, v. a. I. To esteem, deem, judge, consider ; habere; aestimare facere; habere aliquem (pro dncto, or doctum) ; aliquis mihi videtur esse (doctus).
;

The account is correct; ratio constat On on credit ; non numerata (i. e. non praesente)

_:

ACCESSION. 5. I. Increase by something added; II. The act of coming to, or additamentum, accessio. III. The act of joining one' s setf to ; accessus. arriving at ; e. g. accession to a throne ; adeptio regni. ACCESSORY, a. i. e. Additional; additus ; adjunctus, ACCIDSNCE. s. i. e. Rudiments of grammar ; grammatices elementa.

II.

To reckon, compute ;

ratiocinari

numeros

tractare

ACCIDENT, s. I. A non-essential quality ; quod non pertinet ad naturam rei. ( Apuleius and Tertullian say, II. A casualty, chance; casus fortuitus ; accidens.) accidens. I. Non-essential; non pertinens ad ACCIDENTAL, a.

III. To give an account, assign the causes ; computare. reddere rationem rei, or de re. IV. To make up the reckoning ; to answer for a practice ; luere or persol vere or luere, persolvere dare pcenam alicujus rei. aliquid V. To hold in esteem : magni aestimare, facere, &c. ACCOUNTABLE, a. e. g. You are accountable for ; tu debes rem praestare, or defendere ; tibi est res praestanda, defendenda.
;

ACCOUNTANT, s. Rationarius ; ratiocinator. ACCOUNT- BOOK. 5. Rationarium codex accepti


;

et ex-

pensi

tabella.
v. a.
s.

naturam

rei

non conjunctus cum natura


;

rei.

II.

To ACCOUTRE,

Casual, fortuitous ; fortuitus ACCLAMATION or ACCLAIM, tio, Tertuil.)

adventitius.

ACCOUTREMENT,

Armare Armatus

instruere armis, &c.

s.

Acclamatio. (Inclama-

ACCLIVITY,

s.

Acclivitas.

I. To supply with conveniTo ACCOMMODATE, v. a. ences of any sort / instruere aliquem aliqua re ; scppeditare ; sufficere. II. To adapt, adjust ; aptare ; accomIII. To modave ; facere ut aliquid alicui conveniat. settle (a difference) ; componere ; dirimere. ACCOMMODATION, s. 1. Provision of conveniences ; II. suppeditatio ; fc instructio ; comparatio ; paratus. III. (in the piural) Conveniences; commoditates. Adaptation ; apta ratio, or natura rei ; convenientia. reconciliatio ; IV. Composition of a difference; pacis redintegratio. To ACCOMPANY, v. a. I. As a companion; comitari ; II. In music ; sbciare prosequi; se comitem dare. cantum vocis, or fidium, cum voce vel instrumento ali-

To ACCRUE, v.n. I. To be added; accedere; perII. To arise as profit ; ex aliqua re oriri ; venire. nasci ; existere. To ACCUMULATE, v. a. Cumulare ; accumulare ; coacervare.

ornatus

pi.,

arma.

To ACCUMULATE,
cere
;

v. n.

Cumulari

accumulari

cres-

augeri.
5.
I.

The act of accumulating ; acII. That which is accumucumulatio ; coacervatio. cumulus. lated; acervus With ACCURACY, s. Diligentia cura accuratio. magna cum cura, or diligenter accuracy ; accurate

ACCUMULATION.
;

diligentia.

ACCURATE, a. norance ; diligens


fect or failure
;

cujus.

ACCOMPLICE,

s.

Socius culpa?

rous culpae ejusdem


perficere
II.
:

I. Exact, opposed to negligence or igII. Exact, without deaccuratus. accuratus. ; ACCURATELY, ad. Accurate ; ad amussim ; exquisite. I. Doomed to misery ; exsecraACCURSED, part. a. II. Hateful, detestable; detestandus ; tus ; devotus.
;

exactus

sceleris, or facinoris, particeps. I. To ACCOMPLISH, v. a.


fulfil

To complete;

absolvere ; consummate ; ; peragere. (a-prophecy) ; satisfacere ; exitum rei dare hence, To befu(filled; exitum habere, rvenire. may say also, III. To adorn or furnish ; exitus vaticinio respondit. ornare ; exornare ; colere : excolere. Accomplished ;
conficere

To

We

abominandus. ; I. The act of accusing ; accusatio ; ACCUSATION, s. A false accusation ; delatio nominis actio. II. The charge brought against any one ; calumnia.
aversandus
;

criminatio

crimen.
I. To charge with a crime ; acv. a. incusare ; insimulare aliquem rei ; criminari ali; quem de re, or aliquem fecisse, &c. ; dare alicui aliquem crimini. To try an action in a court of justice ; nomen alicujus deferre (e. g. de furto) ; accusare aliquem (e.g. furti) ; in jus aliquem vocare ; diem alicui dicere; actiII. To blame, find fault onem intendere ; reum agere. u'ith ; vituperare ; reprehendere ; culpare ; accusare ;

ACCUSATIVE, To ACCUSE,

a. (in

grammar) Casus

quarftus.

cultus.
I. Completion; consummatio ACCOMPLISHMENT, s. II. Of a absolutio; confectio ; perfectio; peractio. III. prophecy ; exitus. (Augustine says, completio.) Embellishment; ornatus cultus. To ACCORD, v.n. i.e. To agree ; congruere convenire consentire alicui rei, or homini, or cum nomine.
; ; ; ;

cusare

ACCORD, ventum.

A false accuser; ACCUSER.*. Accusator ; actor. An agreement, compact ; pactum conConcur rence, union of mind ; consensus; calumniator. ad aliquid, Assuefacere v. a. To ACCUSTOM, aliquem Concentus III. concordia. ; (in music) consensio; IV. Own accord, voluntary motion. concentio. Of alicui'fei; aliqua re or with an infinitive. Consuefacere, To be accustomed; solere ; one's own accord ; sponte ; ultro ; voluntate' .niea, tua, with an infinitive only.
s.
I.
;

(In opinion)

consentire.

aliquid alicui vitio vertere.

II.

&c.

ex ; 1. Agreeably to ; secnndum ACCORDING, part. pro ; and sometimes de ; e. g. de sententia mea AccordOr we may render, According to my ing to my opinion II. In opinion ut judico ; ut puto ; quantum judico.
;

,-

consuescere. ACCUSTOMARY. rt. Usitatus ; usurpatus ; sohtus. /( ithm ArE. s. On cards or dice ; unitas ; monas an ace ; propemodum ; parum nbost, quin, &c. ausI. A rough sour tastc^ acerbitas ; ACERBITY, s. 2

assuescere

ACHE
teritas.
II.
s.

ACTIONABLE
;

Harshness of temper ; acerbitas

austeri-

tas
tis

sever! tas.

ACHE.

Dolor

dolor, dentium,

&c

To

ACHIEVE,

v. a.

conficere; patrare. tiri ; obtinere.

Headache, toothache, 8(c. ; capiThe bellyache ; tormina, pi. I. To perform, finish ; peragere II. To get, obtain ; assequi; poI.
;

ACHIEVEMENT, s. gium, praeclarum, &c.

A noble exploit ; facinus egreII. (in heplur. res gesta?.

raldry) Insigne. ACID. adj. Acidus. Somewhat acid; acidulus, or subacidus. ACID. s. Res acida ; acidum. To acidulate ; acidum reddere. ACIDITY, s. Aciditas ; acor ; acrimonia. I. To own any thing or To ACKNOWLEDGE, v. a. person in a particular character ; agnoscere , cognoscere, II. To confess, as a fault ; fateri ; confiteri ; in se III. To own, as a benefit ; profited ; se suscipere.

cadere formula To gain or recover an action ; vincere causa, or causam, or judicio. To cond'uct an action as an advocate; causam agere. VI. // Vll. The series of evenU fight, battle ; prceliuih ; pugna. represented in a fable ; actio. ACTIONABLE. a. Action! forensi, or judicio, obnoxius. ACTIVE, a. I. That has the power or quality of actII. ing ; cfficax ; actuosus. (Not passive) ; activus. III. Busy, engaged in action; gnavus ; strenuus ; IV. operosus ; sedulus ; laboriosus ; industrius. Nimble, agile; alacer ; agilis ; impiger ; vegetus. V. (in grammar) An active verb ; verbum activum, Charis. ;
causa
;

also,

Diomed.

memorem
III.

praastare.
s.
I.

ACKNOWLEDGMENT,
ter in another

s. Strenuitas, Varr., Ov. ; gnavitas. 5. 1. He that acts; actor; qui agit. II. A company stage-player ; actor ; histrio ; scenicus of actors ; grex scenicorum. ACTRESS, s. i. e. A female stage-player ; scenica, Cod. Just. ; actrix seems not to occur in this sense. ACTUAL, a. Verus ; in re constans A thing is actual;

ACTIVITY,

ACTOR.

Admission of any charac-

confessio. II. Of a fault ; agnitio. benefit ; i. e. a grateful return; grati animi N.B. This word may generally be rensignificatio.

res consistit in veritate ; nititur veritate ACTUALLY, ad. Reipsa ; revera ; re.

res est vera.

Of a

dered by the verb. ACORN, s. Glans


bears acorns
nificare
;

Scriba prefectures ; or we may retain actuarius ; or say, actuarius sic dictus ACUMEN, s. i. e. Quickness of intellect; acumen ; sagas.

ACTUARY,

little

acorn ; glandula
;

That
sig-

To ACQUAINT,

glandifer.
v. a.

Certiorem facere aliquem


I.

nuntiare alicuL
s.

Knowledge; notitia ; cognitio ; scienti rei. II. Familiar knoirtcdge, short of friendusus To form an acquaintance ; ship ; familiaritas / have no acalicujus familiaritatem sibi comparare quaintance, no close acquaintance, with ; nulla magna familiaritas mihi est, or intercedit, cum aliquo or, non multum utor aliquo. III. The person with whom one is acquainted ; notus familiaris To have a great or extensive acquaintance ; multos habere familiares. To ACQUIESCE, v. n. acquiescere in re, or re ; requies; ; ;

ACQUAINTANCE,

citas ingenium. ACUTE, a. I. Sharp, not blunt ; acutus. II. InIII. genious ; acutus; sagax ingeniosus ; subtilis. Acute disease ; morbus gravis An acute accent; accentus acutus or, acumen, Diomed. ACUTENESS. s. I. Sharpness ; acies. II. Force III. Vioof intellect; acumen; sagacitas ; ingenium. lence of a malady ; gravitas morbi. ADAGE, s. Proverbium adagium. N. B. According to the old adage ; ut est in proverbio secundum proverbium. ADAGIO, s. Cantus lentus, or, placidus ; or, more clearly, cantus qui adagio vocatur.
;

cere in re.
I. Rest, content ; ACQUIESCENCE, s. assensus. Submission; obtemperatio. To ACQUIRE, v. a. 1. To get ; acquirere ; comparare assequi consequi. II. To learn ; discere. I. The act of acquiring ; compaACQUISITION, s.

II.

ratio, Cic.

paratio, Sail.

(Acquisitio, Tertull.)

When

labour or difficulty is implied, the verbs consequor, asseII. The thing gained ; quor, pario, are employed. quajsitum ; res qutesita ; qusestus ; fructus. To ACQUIT, v. a. I. To absolve from guilt; absolII. vere; liberare (Publicly) ; insontem declarare.

To clear from an obligation ; liberare; To acquit one's fungi


.

solvere.
;

III.
officio

self,

i.

e. to

discharge one's duty

ACQUITTAL, s. Liberatio. ACQUITTANCE, s. i. e. A receipt, discharge, writing payment of a debt ; apocha testimonium literarum de soluta pecunia. To give an acquittance;
testifying the
;

; placide ; or, adagio, ut dicitur. Stone of impenetrable hardness ; adaIn such phrases as, ' hard as II. A adamant,' the Romans often used silex, ferrum. III. A loadstone ; magnes. diamond; adamas. ADAMANTINE, a. I. Made of adamant ; adamantinus. II. Hard as adamant ; adamantinus; ferreus. To ADAPT, v. a. Aptare ; accommodare; facere ut To be adapted; eonvenire; aliquid alicui conveniat. congruere ; quadrare. ADAPTED, part. Accommodatus ad rem, or alicui rei ; consentaneus ; idoneus ; aptus ; conveniens ; dignus. To ADD. v. a. i. e. To join to ; addere ; adjicere ; apponere ; adjungere ; subjicere To be added ; addi, &c ; accedere. To add over and above; superaddere ; suTo add in speaking, addere. To add up perinjicere an account ; computare ; numerare , ratiocinari. ADDER, s. Vipera Of or like an adder ; vipereus ;

ADAGIO, ad.

Lente
I.

ADAMANT,

s.

mas, used by the poets.

dare, &c.

To ACT. v. a. I. As a stage-player ; agere personam alicujus ferre To act a play ; fabulam (comcediam, tragcediam) dare, edere. Hence, To act one's IL To counterfeit, feign by part; officio suo fungi. III. To produce efaction; imitari also, simulare. efficacem fects in a.pazsive.t'u.bject; vim Miam exserere
;
;

ACRID, ACRIMONIOUS, a. Acer; acidus. ACRIMONY, s. \. Sharpness ; acrimonia ; acerbitas ; acor. II. Sharpness of temper ; acerbitas ; austeritas severitas. ACROSS, ad, i. e. Athwart; transverse ; oblique ; ex, or de, transverse. ACROSTIC, s. Acrostichis (Graece), Cic. To ACT. v. n. I. To be in action ; agere ; facere. II. To perform the proper functions ; officio fungi; Ill, To conduct one's self; se fungi munere, &c. gerere.

viperinus. To ADDICT (one's self to any thing), v. a. Se dare, tradere, dedere, addicere. ADDITION, s. I. The act of adding ; additio; adII. The thing added; additameatum acjunctio. ;
cessio.

ADDLE,
tuus
;

a.
;

Inanis

vacuus

An

hypenemium

ovum zephyrium
;

addle egg ; ovum Addle headed; fa-

stultus.

To ADDRESS, v. a. I. To prepare one's self to enter upon an action ; se parare se praeparare ad aliquid. II. To apply to another by words ; compellare alaffari. To address a letter to any loqui appellare one ; inscribere alicui literas, or epistolam To address one's self to any one ; se applicare ad aliquem. ADDRESS, s. I. f'erbal application to another ; comallocutio. II. Courtship. pellatio To appellatio III. Manner of acpay one's addresses to ; petere. A man of pleasing address ; urbanus. costing any one.
;
; ; ; ;

esse.

ACT. *. I. A deed, exploit ; factum facinus opus. In the very act ; in re prassenti. JI. A step taken ; a measure executed ; consilium actio. III. A state of res. IV. a actus. V. A decree reality ; (Of play) ; of a court of justice or legislature ; decretum ; senatus
; ; ;

IV. Skill ; dexterity ; ars ; peritia. of directing a letter ; titulus ; inscriptio. ADEPT, s. Peritus ; gnavus ; sciens.

V.

Manner

hasrescere. to his party

ADEQUATE, a. Aptus; consentaneus. To ADHERE, v. n. I. To stick to; adhaerere; adII. To adhere to any one, i. e. to belong deditum esse alicui ; sequi. ; favere alicui ADHERENT, a. Sectator ; assecla ; fautor.
;

consultjim ; plebis-scitum edictum praescriptum. VI. Plur. Records of things judicially done; acta forensia ; literae quse causas continent. ACTLO.N. 5. I. The quality, or state of acting ; ac; ;

tio.

II.

An

act,

a deed;
;

III.

Agency, operation

factum; facinus; opus. IV. Gesactio; effectio.


; ; ;

AHESION. s. Adhsesio. ADHESIVE, a. Tenax. ADIEU, s. Vale salve et vale To bid adieu to any one ; valedicere alicui. To bid adieu to any thing, i. e.
;

"o

leave off( renuntiare.

ADJACENT,

action; causa privata. A criminal action; causa publica To bring an action against any one ; litem inteudere alicui litem inferre in aliquem ; agere in aliquem ; dicam scribere. To have an action against; litem habere; certare cum aliquo in An action is pending ; lis penclet lis est sub judicio To lose an action ; causam perdere ; cadere judice.
civil
; ;

ticulation; gestus tibus uti ; gesticulari. dica ; causa; actio.

Tovseatti.n; gestus facere gesV. (in law) Lis controversia

To
To
esse.

a. Adjacens nnitimus vicinus. ADJOIN, v a. Adjungere ; addere adjicere


; ;
.

annectere.

ADJOIN,

v. n.

Adjacere

finitimum, or, vicinum

To ADJOURN, v. n. Differre ; proferre ; prolatare ; extrahere To adjourn (an assembly) ; in alium diem rejicere (of a court of law) ; comperendinare. ADJOURNMENT. .1. dilatio ; prolatio ; (of a court of
aw) comperendinatus.

ADJUDGE
To ADJUDOE.
to
v. a.
I.

ADMITTANCE
ADMITTANCE, s. I. The act of admitting ; admissio II. The power or right of entering; aditus accessus. III. The allowance of an argument ; concessio. To ADMIX, v. a. Admiseere rem alicui ; commiscere rem cum re immiscere. ADMIXTION. *. Admistio, admixtio. Also by the verb as, By the admixtion of water; aqua admiscenda. or commiscenda. To ADMONISH, v. a. Monere admonere ; hortari
; ; ;

damnare capitis, capite, ad carcerem, in carcerem. ADJUNCT, a. Conjunctus ; junctus consociatus. ADJUNCT, s.^ Adjunctio. In metaphysics attributum is used ; proprietas also would suit. ADJUNCTION. I. The act of adjoining ; conjunctio consociatio. II. The thing joined ; additamentum ;
e. g.
; ;

one o.i the parlies ; adjudicare ; addicere ; decernere. These verbs take the accusative ;. decerno takes also ut ; so that when that is used in English after adjudge, the verb must be rendered by decerno. II. To condemn to a punishment^ ; damnare ; condemnare ; with a genitive, ablat., ad, or in, of the punishment adjudged ;
' '

To give the thing controverted

adhortari
hortator...

cohortari.
s.

ADMONISHER.
ADMONITION.
monitio
Sen.
;

Monitor
Monitio
;
;

admonitor

hortator

co-

*.

monitum
;

monitus
;

ad-

accessio.

hortatio

cohortatio.

ADJURATION. I. The act of proffering an oath ; most conveniently rendered by the verb, adigere aliquem ad II. The form of oath jusjurandum, or jurejurando. proffered; lex jurisjurandi. I. To put upon oath ; To ADJURE, v. a. adigere II. To aliquem ad jusjurandum, or jurejurando. charge earnestly or solemnly ; cogere aliquem ; impetrare alicui, (in God's name) invocatione Dei. (Lactantius says, adjurare.)
v. a. I. To put in order ; componere ; To adjust the hair ; concinnare. constituere. To make accurate ; expedire; explicare. III. To make conformable; aptare ; accommodare aliquid ad aliquid. ADJUSTMENT, s. I. The act of putting in order ; constitutio institutio accommodatio rei ad, &c. II. The state of being put in order; ordo. ADJUTANT, s. I. A helper; adjutor ; auxiliator.

ADMONITORY,
ADO.
s.
I.

a.

Monens

admonens

monitorius
II.

Trouble, difficulty ;

To ADJUST,
;

make much ado about nothing; multa agendo nihil With much ado vix aegre haud sine agere, Phaedr. magno labpre magno cum conatu. Without much, ado facile facili negotio. Without any ado ; sine ulio ne;
; ;

Bustle, tumult ; turbae, tumultus To make much ado ; negotium facessere ; magnas concitare turbas. To

negotium.

gotio

nullo negotio.
s.

ordinare
II.

ADOLESCENCB or -CENCY.

Pueritia
;

v. a. I. (As a child) adoptare, adrogare and sim pi}-, adrogare. aliquem in locum filii (As an heir) haaredem adsdscere. Adopted; adoptivus adoptatitius. II. From preference ; accipere ; probare s
; ; ;

To ADOPT,

a?tas pucrilis.

admittere.

army praefecti vicarius. ADMENSURATION. s. Assignatio attributio


II.
; ;

In the

ADOPTER, s. (of a child) Adoptator. ADOPTTON. s. Adoptio adrogatio; ADORABLE. a\ Adorandus ; venerandus
;

; ;

praebitio

or by the verbs.

or veneratione, dignus lendus.

divino cultu dignus

adoratione, sancte co-

To ADMINISTER,
;

v. a.

I.
;

To

give, afford, supply


;

dare
(

praebere

suppeditare

tribuere

( The Holy Sacrament); in manus Justice); jus reddere dare. II. To act as minister or (Physic) ; adhibere. agent in an employment or office; fungi; administrare ;

impertire

ADORATION, s. Cultus; veneratio; adoratio. To ADOKK. v. a. Colere; venerari adorare. ADORER, s. cultor ; venerator or, colons, venerans. To ADORN, v. a. I. To deck with ornaments ; or; ;

nare
be

exornare; decorare
;

condecorare

III. To contribute; conferre ad rem ; juvare, gerere. IV. To act as administrator ; admiadjuvare, rem.

also comere,
;

nistrare.
I. The act of ADMINISTRATION, s. administering, or conducting an employment ; best rendered by the verbs, II. or functio. in ADMINISTER, II. The active or executive part of government ; rectio, regimen; gubernatio also, imperium, e. g. reipublicse ; or by the verbs. III. Those to whom the care of public affairs is committed ; qui rempublicam gubernant imperatores, &c., as the case may be. IV. Distribution, dispensation; V. (in law) Administrate ; procudatio ; tributio.
; ;

II. To comerecaput, or capillos. an ornament to any thing ; esse decori esse ornamento. III. To beautify, embellish ; aft'erre decus, or ornamentum.

especially of the hair

ADRIFT, ad. Ancoris carens or spoliatus. ADROIT, a. Scitus solers peritus callidus. ADROITLY, ad. Scite ;,solerter perite callide. ADROITNESS, s. Solertia ; peritia calliditas.
;

Thirsty ; sitiens. ADULATION., s. i.e. Flattery; adulatio ; assentatio. ADULATORY, a. Aduiatorius. Assentatorius does not occur in ancient writers.
a.
i.

ADRY.

e.

ratio.

ADMINISTRATOR,
rator.

s.

(in law)
;

Administrator; procu;

foreign mixture
;

ADULT, s. Adultus ; setatis adultae. To ADULTERATE, v. a. i. e. To corrupt by some ; adulterare ; corrumpere ; vitiare ; de-

ADMIRABLE,
rabilis

a. Mirus admirandus.

mirandus

mirabilis

admi-

pravare.

ADMIRABLY, a. Mirandum (mirabilern, admirabilem, admirandum) in modum mire inirabiliter admirabi;


;

liter.

ADMIRAL,

s.

I.

duxclassis; praefectus

summus dux

The chief commander of a fleet ; classis Lord High Admiral;


praefectus classis
classis.

classis

summus

ADULTERATE or ADULTERATED, part. i.e. Corrupted by some foreign mixture ; adulterinus adulteratus ; corruptus ; vitiatus ; depravatus. ADULTERATION, s. The art of corrupting by some foreign mixture; adulteratio; corruptio ; depravatio ; vitiatio. Also by the verbs ; e. g. mercilms adulterandis,
;

Vice

vitiandis, &c.

Admiral; legatus

praefecti

Rear Admiral ;

Admiral of the red, white, qui extremes classi praeest. blue; classis rubro, albo, caeruleo vexillo insignitze II. The admiral's ship ; navis praetoria. praefectus. N. B. The admiral's flag ; vexillum navis praetorias. ADMIRALSHIP. s. Dignitas summi ducis classis. ADMIRALTY.*, i.e. The officers appointed to administer naval affairs ; collegium quod praeest rei navali ; curatores rei navalia.

ADULTERER, s. Adultor mcechus. ADULTERESS, s. Adultera; mcecha. ADULTEROUS, a. Adulter. To commit adultery; ADULTERY, s. Adulterium
;

adulterare
scribere
natio.
;

To ADUMBRATE,
ADUMBRATION,

adulterium committere, or facere mcechari. v. a. Delineare ; perscribere ; dedcsignare ; adumbrare.


; ;

s.

Adumbratio
;

descriptio

desig-

ADMIRATION, s. Admiratio ; miratio miration ; admirationem movere, or


gignere, habere
;

To

excite adefflcere,

facere,

also, esse admirationi.


I.

To regard with wonder ; adTo be admired; mirari; mirari ; affici admiratione II. To regard admirationi esse; admiratione affici. with love ; amorem habere erga aliquem habere aliquem in amore ; amare. ADMIRER, s. I. The person who wonders, or remirator also gards with admiration ; admirator II. A Lover ; amator ; amans admirans, mirans rem. j
v. n.
; ; ;

To ADMIRE,

studiosus.

Dignus qui accipiatur. I. The act of admitting ; admissio ; 11. Admittance; aditus accessus To admission or admittance ; dare, facere facultatem, grant or copiam, adeundi. / have obtained admission ; nactus, adeptus sum, aditum; or aditus mihi datus est. III. The allowance of an argument ; concessio.
receptio.
;

ADMISSIBLE, a. ADMISSION, s.

ADUNCITY. s. Curvamen curvatura ; curvitas. I. To bring forward (in the To ADVANCE, v. a. local sense) ; promovere movere prorsum. prorsus. In II. To raise to preferment, to aggrandise ; adversum. ad honores promotollere attollere ; evehere efferre III. To improve; muvere ; honoribus amplificare. IV. To forward ; tare in melius ; meliorem reddere. to accelerate; juvare, or adjuvare, rem; rei prodesse ; V. To propose, offer to maturare, accelerare, rem. notice ; proferre; proponere memorare; commemorare; VI. In payment, when equivalent to 'to say,' dicere. i. e. to pay beforehand; solvere pecuniam ante tempos, or ante rem acceptam. I. To come forward; To ADVANCE, v. n. proceII. To march forward, as an army ; dere ; progredi.
; ; ;
;

adcedere, contendere in locum, or aliquo tendere ; proIII. To make improvement ; ficisci ; iter facere, &c.

meliorem

fieri.

I. The act of coming forward ; proADVANCE. 5. successus. To suffer to enter;, admittere. gressio. \\.Progression; progressus IV. PreII. To all nn an III. Improvement; mutatio in melius. argument or position; concedere. n. III. To allow, or grant in general ; concedere per- ferment ; render it by the verbs in ADVANCE, mittere pati sinere Admit it to be so ; sit sane V. Payment of money beforehand ; solutio peemiise 'st<> rein fac admit ante To one into one's ante tempus, or suppeduatio peacceptam demus, ita esse. in numerum amicorum rccipere. runiae in antecessum. acquaintance Money in advance; pecuuia

To ADMIT,
;

v. a.

I.

ADVANCEMENT
suppeditata in
I

ADVISABLE

ADVISABLE, a. Salutaris ; utilis. antecessum, or ante tempus, ante rem acVI. Advance-guard; primum I. To counsel ; suadcre alicui ali To ADVISE, v. a. ceptara numerata. VM. To advise to To make as a lover advances ; ; petere agmen. quid; auctorem esse rei; consilium dare Well advised ; cauambire. [the contrary ; dissuadere, dehortari. III advised ; incautus ; male cauADVANCEMENT, s. See ADVANCE. Xus ; circumspectus. II. To inform; I. Superiority; certiorem facere ADVANTAGE, s. praestantia; extUs^ temerarius. To have the advantage of; praestare ; rxcel- anquem ; significare ; nuntiare alicui. cellentia II. SupeI. To consult; in consilium ire. To ADVISE, v. n. lere; superiorem esse ; superare ; vincere. To take II. To consider, deliberate ; deliberare ; consulere riority gained by stratagem ; ars ; artificium. conve- rem and de re; consultare rem and de re; reputare ; III. advantage; artificio uti Opportunity, lonience ; occasio ; opportunitas ; time, of place Of perpendere ; considerare ; cogitare. IV. Favourable circumstances ; commoI. Prudently ; consulto ; consideADVISEDLY, ad. cus, tempus. dum ; aliquid praecipui ; prsecipuum as, A country life rate ; cogitate ; cogitato ; attente ; diligenter. II. has some advantages ; vita rustica habet quiddam prae- Purposely ; de (or ex) industria ; data (or dedita) opera ; consulto. cipui (quaedam praacipua), or excellit quodammodo. V. Gain, profit, benefit ; commodum ; emolumentum ; ADVISER, s. Suasor; auctor. utilitas fructus ; res ; also, lucrum ; qusestus ; compenI. A pleader in a court of Justice; ADVOCATE, s. dium. To derive advantage from ; percipere utilitatem, causarum patronus ; defensor ; ausidicus To plead at It is to my advanfructum ; facere lucrum, quaestum. II. He an advocate; causam dicere or defenctere. tage ; est e re mea ; est in rem meam ; prodest mihi ; that pleads any cause ; defensor ; tutor ; patronus ; proaffert mihi utilitatem ; est mihi utilitati, or emolupugnator. mento. To ADVOCATE, v. a. Defendere ; defensare ; tueri ; To ADVANTABE. v. a. Prodesse ; utilem esse ; utili- tutari, pro re, or rem. or usui esse utilitatem afferre. tati, ; ADVOWEE, s. He that has the right of advowson f ADVANTAGEOUS a. Utilis ; commodus ; quaestuosus ; jus habens munera ecclesiastica cuilibet tribuendi ; or, fructuosus ; lucrosus. habens jus patronatus. Commode ; utiliter ; cum ADVANTAGEOUSLY, ad. ADVOWSON. s. Jus munera ecclesiastica cnilibet tri. fructu, lucro, quaestu ; quaastuose. buendi ; commonly rendered, jus patronatus. ADVANTAGEOUSNESS. s. Utilitas; fructus; or, frucI. In, of, or belonging to the air ; aerius ; AERIAL, a. tuosa, utilis, conditio or natura. II. High; altus ; celsus; excelsethereus ; aetherius. ADVENT, s. i.e. The festival so called; tem-pus adven- sus sublimis ; elatus. ; tus Jesu. The first Sunday in Advent; primus dies sacer AERIE, s. Nidus. (or festus) adventus Jesu. AEROLOG Y. s. Scientia, or cognitio, aeris. ADVENTITIOUS, a. Fortuitus ; adventitius non perti AERONAUT, s. May be retained as an English word, nens ad naturam rei ; non conjunctus cum natura rei. or, in its Greek form, ettfum^rw ; or it may be rendered, ADVENTURE, s. I. An accident, chance; casus ; fors ; ae'rem navigat. eventus ; eventum ; res. By a lucky adventure ; forte ; qui I. At a great distance; procul ; longe ; AFAR., ad. fortuna ; casu felici. A strange adventure ; res portenIII. II. To a great distance ; procul. tosa ; res singularis ; portentum ; prodigium At ad- longinque. IV. Afar off; porro ; proFrom afar ; e longinquo. venture ; temere; casu. II. An enterprise ; pericucul. lum ; facinus audax. AFFABILITY, s. Affabilitas ; humanitas ; comitas ; beTo ADVENTURE, v. n. I. To try the chance; periclinignitas. tari ; periculum facere ; aleam jacere. II. To attempt I. Easy of manners, accostable ; urAFFABLE, a. with hazard ; audere ; conari rem ; or with an iulini t ; II. Benign, mild ; humanus ; comis ; banus ; affabilis. e. g. ire. benignus. ADVENTURER, s. Homo variam fortunam expertus ; AFFABLY, ad. Humane ; comiter ; benigne. captator fortuna?. AFFAIR, s. Res ; negotium. ADVENTURESOME, a. See ADVENTUROUS.
: ;
;
.

ADVENTUROUS, a. I. Inclined to adventure, daring ; casus portentosos, or singulares, sequens ; res portentosas II. Dangerous; periculosus; ansequens ; audax. ceps ; dubius. ADVENTUROUSLY, ad. i. e. Daringly ; audacter.

ADVERB, s. Adverbium. ADVERBIAL, a. More adverbii usitatus, or positus. ADVERBIALLY, ad. More adverbii. (The grammarians Charis. and Diomed. say, adverbialiter.)
ADVERSARY,
ADVERSE,
a.
s.

I. To act upon ; efficacem esse ; To AFFECT, v. a. vim suam exserere in aliquid ; tangere attingere. II. To move the passions ; movere, commovere aliquem, To affect with joy, grief, 8fc. ; laeor alicrjus animum III. To aim at, aspire to,; appetitia dolore, afficere. studererei. IV. To be fond aflectare rem tere rem amorem habere erga aliof or pleased with ; amare quem, or habere aliquem in amore diligere carum V. To study the appearance of things hypocrihabere.
;
;

Adversarius
I.

inimicus

hostis.

Opposite, turning to or against;

II. Calamitous, pernicious ; adoppositus ; objectus. versus ; adversarius ; contrarius (alicui). To be adverse ; esse contrarium alicui ; repugnare ; adversari.

adversus; infestus. ADVERSITY, s. I. Affliction, calamity, misfortune ; casus adversus ; infortunium ; malum ; fortuna adversa ; res adversa. II. Misery; miseria; aerumna ; res afIII.

Personally opponent

flictae.

be ignorant ; simuHe affected to be learned; simulabat se iabat se nescire Butdisdoctum, or doctum esse ; simulabat doctrinam. simulare means to study concealment of any thing which really exists e. g. He affected not to know ; dissimulabat se VI. To imitate in an unnatural and constrained scire. manner ; temere imitari ; temere sequi ; also, affectare rem; putide Eemulari. To be affected in manner, carriage, language, Sfc. ; ineptire ; inepte se gerere ; putidese gerere ; putidum or ineptum esse in eflferendis verbis ;
tically ;

simulare

e. g.

He affected

to

To ADVERT, v. n. i. e. To attend to, regard ; attendere rem, ad rem, aliquem, alicui or rei, de re ; rationem habere rei ; observare ; animum advertere ad rem, rei, or rem ; and often simply advertere animum intendere. ADVERTENCE, s. Attentio ; intentio animi ; also, dili;

or, uti affectata dictione.

AFFECTATION,

s.

Ineptiae
;

afFectatio
;

affectation; ineptire rere.


tion

inepte se gerere

To be full of putide se ge-

To ADVERTISE v. a. I. To inform, give intelligence ; indicare; significare; demonstrare ostendere nuntiari alicui; certiorem facere aliquem. II. To give notice of any thing in the public prints ; vulgare ;
; ;

gentia.

I. Moved, touched with affecAFFECTED, part. a. Affected with joy, grief, fyc.; ; motus ; commotus.

divulgare.

ADVERTISEMENT, s. I. Instruction, admonition; monitio admonitio ; monitum. II. Intelligence, information ; indicium ; significatio. ADVERTISER, s. i. e. He that gives intelligence ; index
; ;

nuntius.

Counsel, instruction ; s-uasio ; consilium; also, auctoritas, of advice given by a superior Ly my advice ; me auctore ; consilium meum sequens. ll. Reflection, prudent consideration ; consilium ; considerautia III. Consulcogitatio ; reputatio. consultatio ; also, tation, deliberation ; deliberatio consilium. With .advice ; considerate ; consulte or consulto ; cogitate or cogitato , non sine consilio ; non inconsulte ; non sine deliberatione. IV. Intelligence; nuntium ; also, auditum ; relatum. To receive advice ; nuntium accipere ; discere ; accipere ; audire ; compeTire ; certiorem fieri.
s.
I.
.; ;

ADVICE,

II. dolore, affectus, perculsus. Pretended, Ill, Full of affecthypocritically; simulatus ; fictus. ation ; ineptus ; putidus ; affectatus. AFFECTEDLY, ad. Inepte ; putide. I. Passion of any kind motus aniAFFECTION, s. mi ; permotio animi ; cpmmotio animi ; perturbatio animi ; also, affectus, Quint. 7'o be led awqy by one's affections ; motibus, or perturbationibus, animi auterri. Parental Natural affection ; affectus naturalis ; pietas II. Love, kindness, goodaffection; affectus parentis. will towards any thing ; amor ; affectio ; studium erga To manifest an aliquid ; inclinatio ; favor ; propensio. affection for any thing ; prae se ferre propensionem or favorem. To have an affection for ; propensum esse ; inlinare se, or simply, inclinare, ad rem ; or, inclinari alicui or, if synrei, or ad rem ; also, proclivem esse ad rem

laetitia,

ADVICE-BOAT,
xmntiis.

s.

Navicula publica transportandis

onymous with to love,' amare ; amorem habere erga aliquem, or habere aliquem in amore ; diligere ; carum To gain the affections of any one ; animum, behabere To nevolentiam, voluntatem alicujus sibi conciliare III. Zeal; studium; also, impetus alienare. a se lose; IV. State of the mind, in animi ; ardor ; cupiditas. general; affectio animi; or simply, affectio;, animus; V. State of the body ; affectio corporis. mens.
'

AFFECTIONATE,
:-e^i

a.

I.

Full of affection

,-

amore

pie-

/"'
COL.

AFFECTIONATELY
.

AFRESH
;

nus.

nus

Fond; alicujus humanus comis.


II.
; ;

studiosus
III.

amans
;

benig

Benevolent
;

llberalis

benignus

beneflcus.

AFFECTIONATELY, ad.
ritiel-aliter
;

Studiose

amanter

: if equivalent to for the second time, iterum or denuo if oftener, denuo rursus. AFT. ad. In extremanavi, or in puppi navis.
:

AFRESH, ad.

Denuo

benigne

benefice, Cell.
s.
I.

AFFIANCE,
II.

marriage-contract; sponsalia
; confisio
I.
;

To AFFIANCE,

Trust, confidence
v. a.

fiducia.

To

betroth (a daughter)

II. To giv< (flliara) spondere, or despondere, alicui. confidence ; fiduciam ponere in aliquo ; fidere, confiden alicui, or aliquo ; or with an accusative and infinitive confido te esse venturum. AFFIDAVIT, s. Testimonium cum jurejando. Tomakt affidavit; affirmare jurejurando.

AFFILIATION, s. Adoptio. I. AFFINITY, s. Relation by marriage ; conjunctio II. Relation to; conjunctio per affinitatem affinitas. cognatio ; affinitas ; propinquitas.
;

To AFFIRM,
II.
;

aio.

v. n. I. Opposed to deny ; affirmare To maintain; obtinere tenere probare


;
;

annos ; secundum tres annos ; ex tribus annis. One after another ; deinceps ; continuus ; e. g. tres continues dies, three days one after another Sub, when a thing is represented as coming immediately after another. It may also be rendered by the participle interjecto, or -is, or
elapso, praeterlapso, praeterito or -is : as, After three days ; tribus diebus interjectis, elapsis, praeterlapsis, praeteruis.

I. Of degree, order, or succession ; secundum ; post with proximus or proxime, i. e. Next, we usually find a ; as, The next after me, proximus a me ; thus also, secundus ab aliquo. find also proximus with a dative. When after is for next; secundum post. When for Save, except ; praeter, or praeterquam excepto, or -is cum discessero a After one another ; deinceps continuus. II. Of time ; secundum; We find post. also ex in the sense of Since, from the time that : e. g. ex eo tempore ; ex consulatu After three years ; post tres
:

AFT.*. Puppis. AFTER, prep.

We

contendere
assertio.

defendere
5.

asseverare.
;

AFFIRMATION.

Opposed to negation

affirmatio

After a long time

longo tempore interjecto, &c.


:

or,

AFFIRMATIVE, a. Opposed to negative ; e. g. An affirmative reply, or a reply in the affirmative ; responsum aiens, or atiirmans. To hold the affirmative ; aio ; affirmo. To AFFIX, v. n. Affigere ; suffigere. To AFFLICT, v. a. Angere cruciare affligere ; premere vexare aegre facere alicui ; molestiam exhibere alicui molestia afficere aliquem To afflict one's self;
; ; ; ;
;

post longum tempus ; or, longo post tempore or by an ablative absolute ; as, mortuo patre, After the death c/ the father. After the war ; post bellum ; finito bello ;
post bellum finitum; posteaquam, or postquam bellum finitum est, erat, &c. Obs. After anno a genitive may e. g. In the year after Christ ; anno Christi nati. The same may be expressed by, anno lost Christum natum, anno a Christo. III. AccordT e sometimes find also ing to ; secundum ; ex ; pro. de as, de sententia mea. It is expressed by the ablative as, sententia mea ; opinione mea. Also ad ; as, ad arbitrium. IV. To look after a person or thing; cuare hominem, or rem ; rationem habere hominis. or rei ; aborare de homine, or de re. To long after a thing; desiderare rem ; or, desiderio rei tenere ; cupere rein ; esse rei To thirst after a thing ; sitire rem. or,^cupidum To seek after a person or thing ; quaerere aliquem or rem. To send after any one ; arcessere aliquem ; or, mittere arcessitum aliquem ; mittere ad arcessendum

sometimes be used

angi

cruciari.

AFFLICTION, s. I. The cause of sorrow ; calamity; casus adversus ; infortunium ; malum ; fortuna adversa ; resadversa. 1 1. The state of sorrow, distress, anguish ; To jegritudo ; mceror ; sollicituclo ; miseria ; aerumna. be in affliction ; mcerere ; sollicitum esse , moerore macerari ; angi ; in moerore esse To be ingreat affliction ; in magno, gravi, moarore esse ; valde mcerere. To cause affliction; aegritudinem, or mcerorem, afferre, inferre,
offerre.

AFFLICTIVE, a. JEgre faciens alicui molestiam exhibens alicui molestia afficiens aliquem. AFFLUENCE or -CY. s: I. The act of flowing to any II. Exuberance of riches, plenty ; place; affluentia. divitiae opulentia ; opes ; copia.
; ; ;

aliquem.

AFTER, adv.
II. posthaec. >one ; a tergo,

1 In succeeding time ; post postea Following another ; post; secundum;


.

AFFLUENT, a. I. Flowing to any part; affluens. II. Exuberant, wealthy; abundans; copiosus; dives; fortunatus we find also, pecuniosus, bene ; nummatus also, beatus, where the connection would render the meaning plain. AFFLUX or AFFLUXION. s. i.e. The act of flowing to
locuples
: ;

AFTERAGES. s. Posteritas posteri AFTERALL. Ad extremum. Secundae (sc. partes, or AFTERBIRTH.


;

Also, simply, secunda?, when purtus Later writers say, secundinae.) AFTERCROP, s. Messis posterior.

res) partus.

may

be understood.

any place ; affluentia. To AFFORD, v. a.


producere
;

I.
;

To yield, produce, grant, give ;

przebere ; reddere ; tribuere ; II. To be able to sell; e.g. I cannot suppeditare. III. afford it for less ; non possum minoris vendere. To be able to bear expenses ; e. g. / cannot afford to live so extravagantly ; res mihi non suppetet ad tantum
afferre
;

dare

AFTERGAME, s. Lusus secundarius. AFTERGRASS or AFTERMATH, s. Foenum chordum. AFTERNOON, s. Tempus post-meridianum or pomeriianum. In the afternoon; post meridiem; tempore )ost-meridiano or pomeridiano. As an adjective, postneridianus as, Anafternoonpreaciier; conciouator postneridianus. AFTERPAINS. s. Dolores ex partu. Figuratively, i. e. *ainful consequences ; dolores insequentes ; also simply, lolores, or incommoda. AFTERSWARM. s. Examen secundum or secundarium. AFTERTASTE, s. Sapor posterior or subsequens. AFTERTIMES. s. Posteritas ; posteri. AFTERWARDS, ad. Post ; postea ; deinde. I. AGAIN, ad. Once more; Iterum ; rursus ; rurII. On the other hand ; contra; e conum ; denuo. IV. rario. III. In return ; vicissim ; contra. V. Beside; pra?terea; inBack; retro; retrorsum, VI. Twice as much ; duplo e. g. As uper ; ad haec. VII. Again and again; ig again ; duplo major. ;erum atque iterum ; etiam atque etiam. Over again ;
: :

luxum. To AFFRANCHISE,
reddere.

v. a.

Liberare
;

liberum facere, or
;

AFFRAY. s> Congressio conflictus pugna. It ends in an affray ; res venit ad manus, or ad pugnam. To AFFRIGHT, v. a. Terrere ; territare conterrere ;
;

perterrere ; terrorem alicui facere, injicere, inferre, afferre, incutere. AFFRIGHT, s. Terror ; horror.

AFFRONT, s. I. Open opposition, encounter; impeII. Insult, petitio oppugnatio ; impugnatio. contumely ; offensio ; laesio ; and dim., offensiuncula ; contumelia verborum. also, injuria To AFFHONT. v. a. I. To meet in a hostile manner ; invadere ; impugnare petere aggredi adoriri ; oppugnare ; incurrerein impetum facere in. II. To offer an open insult; laedere, offendere aliquem, or, alicujus animum ignominia, or contumelia afficere aliquem ignominiam alicui injungere, Liv. if the affront be slight, suboffendere. To take affront, or be affronted; se la'sum, or offensum credere, putare. AFFRONTER, s. (Offensor, Arnob.) ; qui offendit, &c. AFFKONTIVE. a. Contumeliosus injuriosus petulans. AFFY. v. a. i. e. To betroth in order to marriage ; spondere ; despondere ; desponsare. AFLOAT, ad. Nans To set a ship afloat; movere navem. AFOOT, ad. I. On foot, not on horseback ; pedibus. II. In action or use ; in medium probatus ; in usu ;
tus:
; ; ; ; : ; ; ; ; ; ;

Obs. Again is expressed in comenuo ; ex integro. ounds by re. AGAINST, prep. In opposition or contradiction to ;
ontra ; in ; adversus ; praeter e. g. praeter spem praeter oluntatem. Also, cum, with verbs of contending, &c. ; To be against; oppugnare ; .g. pugnare cum aliquo. II. To the prejudice of; in ; bhorrere ab ; adversari. I have nothing against you ; non est, dversus ; contra r non habeo, quod querar de te, or quod te accusem. This is against me ; hoc est contra me ; or hoc est mihi To be against; obstare ; dversarium or contrarium. To speak against; obloqui ; contradicere. dversari III. Denoting defence or preservation / adversus ; or a y a genitive of the subst. : e. g. A remedy against 'sease ; remedium morbi, or adversus morbum. id, also, a ; ad ; contra ; e. g. defendere, or tueri, ab IV. With contrary motive or njuria, contra injuriam. flumine adverse : itilciir:/ : e. g. Against the stream ; omra also may be used; e.g. contra flurnen To have (the
:
;

We

in consuetudine.

AFORE, prep. pro prorsum


;
;

In front ; ante; sometimes, prae; prorsus Aforehand ; ante. Aforesaid ; supra dictus ; supra memoratus. Aforetime; olim antea ; antehac quondam. AFRAID, a. Timidus pavidus ; trepidus To be To make afraid; pavidum, timidum, esse ^ timere. To be afraid; timidum, pavidum, reddere; terrere.
I.
; ; ;

'raid;
7

mente contremiscere.

expavere

in

maximo metu

esse; tota

To run nn&.)against one ; habere contrarium.adversum To dash against gainst; occur rere; obviam currere. hev'all; impingi ad parietem, in parietem, or parieti. V. Opposite to, i. e. over against ; e regione ; contra ; VI. In expectation of; in, with ace. x adverse. "II. Obs. Against is expressed in compounds by re.
15

AGAPE
Hianti ore. AGARIC, s. Agaricus, Linn. AGATE. 5. Achates. I. The duration of any thing ; aetas ; aevum. AGE. s. II. A succession or generation of men ; genus ; gens. III. The time in which any particular man or race In the present age ; hodie. oj men lived ; aetas V. Oldness ; vetustas. IV. A century; saculum. VI. Part of life, middle age ; aetas provecta, or meVII. (in diocris Old age ; senectus ; aetas senilis. Of age; suns polaw) Plenitude aetatis ; valere tutelae. To come sui tutelam extra juris suaetutelaa; ; testatis; of age ; in tutelam suam venire, pervenire ; suae potestatis fieri. To be of age; esse in sua tutela ; esse suae potestis, or sui juris. Njmage; defectus.or inopia. aetatis plena; ; setas pupillari^status, or conditio, pupillaris. Under age; nondum sui juris ; aetate nondum plena ; nondum suae tutelae, or sui potens ; alienae tutelae. Twenty years of age ; annos natus viginti ; habens viginti annos. Of the same age, i. e. as old as ; sequalis. I. Stricken in years ; senex ; grandis AGED. a. II. Old, of inanimate things ; vetus ; natu ; grandaevus.

AGREE
I. To be in concord ; concordare. II. To assent, yield ; accedere annuere ; assentire ; concedere. III. To settle, by stipulation, fyc. ; condicere rem ; constituere ; pacisci ; also, componere ; convenire. IV. To be of the same mind or opinion ; consentire ; convenire ; e. g. convenit mihi tecum de re, or res ; convenit inter nos res, or de re. V. To be consistent cr suitable ; convenire ; congruere ; consentire alicui rei, sibi or securn ; aptum or accommodatum esse. VI. To agree together; inter se consentire, or coi

AGAPE, ad.

To AGREE,

v. n.

venire. To AGREE, v. a. Placare aliquem in aliquem, alicui ; reconciliare aliquem, or alicujus animum, alicui ; reducere aliquem in gratiam cum aliquo ; facere ut redeat in gratiam cum aliquo. AGREEABLE, a. I. Suitable to, consistent with ; ac-

commodatus ad rem, or alicui rei ; consentaneus; idoneus ; conveniens ; dignus. II. Pleasing; acceptus gratus ; jucundus suavis also, amcenus (of things grateful to
; ; :

vetustus.
I. The quality of acting, action ; actio. AGENCY, s. munus II. The business of an agent; procuratio
;

procuratorium

Free agency
I.

liberum arbitrium.
;

AGENT,

s.

He who

deputy factor ; procurator


jungere, or jungere.

acts ; agens actor.

actor.

II.

the senses, especially to the sight). AGREEABLENESS. s. I. Consistency with ; convenienII. The quality of pleasing ; suavitia; congruentia. tas ; dulcedo ; also, amcenitas, of the senses, especially the sight. III. Resemblance; similitudo. AGREEABLY, ad. 1. Consistently with; apte; convenienter ; congruenter. II. Pleasantly ; grate ; ju-

cunde

suaviter.

To AGGLOMERATE, v. a. To AGGLUTINATE, v. n.
To AGGRANDISE,
;

Involvere ; glomerare. Conglutinare ; glutine con-

v. a.

Tollere
;

attollere

evehere

efferre

augere.
;

AGGRANDISEMENT, s. Erectio elatio. I. To enlarge (rhetorically) To AGGRAVATE, v, a. II. To increase, e. g. pain ; amplificare exaggerare. III. To irritate, provoke; irritate augere. aggravare
;
;

L Concord; consensus ; consensio. s. III. A compact, Resemblance; similitudo. bargain; pactum ; conventum, Cic. conventio, Plin. Ep. To make an agreement; pacisci cum aliquo ; transigere cum aliquo ; also, convenit mihi cum aliquo res, and de re ; convenit inter nos res, and de re By, or according to, agreement; ex composito ; composito ex convento ; ut convenit ut convenerat ; ut condictum erat ut comAGREEMENT,
II.
; ; ; ;

positum erat.

in iram concitare

ad iram

incitare.

AGGRAVATION, s. Express it by the verbs. AGGREGATE, s. Totuni; summa. Accumulare cumulare To AGGREGATE, v.
.

coa-

cervare

congerere.
s.
I.

AGGREGATION,
;

coacervatio ; mulatio posed of the coacervation of many particulars ; acervus cumulus totum ; summa'. To AGGRESS, v. a. Aggredi; adoriri; impetum facere in invadere. AGGRESSION. *. Aggressip ; incursus ; petitio ; impetus. AGGRESSOR, s. Aggredieiis ; oppugnator. (Aggressor is used in the Pandects.)
; ; ;

The act of aggregating ; accuII. A whole comcongesf'o.

AURICULTURE. s. Agricultura ; opus rusticum, AGROUND, ad. In litus (vadum, scopulos) ejectus, 1mTo run aground; in litus (vadum, pactus, allisus To be aground; scopulos) ejicere, impingere, allidere in litus (vadum, scopulos) ejici, impingi, allidi. AGUE. s. Febris remittens. A quotidian ague ; febris continua ; febris quotidiana A tertian ague ; febris tertiana. A quartan ague ; quartana. AGUE-FIT, s. Motus febris ; motus febriculosus, or
febrilis.

AGUISH,

a.

Febriculosus.

(With the moderns some;

times, febrilis.)

AGGRIEVANCE. s. i.e. Wrong endured ; injuria. I. To vex ; aliquem sollicitare To AGGRIEVE, v.a.
or, sollicitudine,
;

cura, afficere ; sollicitum reddere, or sollicitudini esse sollicitudinem afferre alicui II. To hurt in one's right ; injuriam facere, alicui. offerre, inferre, or imponere alicui ; injuria afficere ali-

habere

quem. AGHAST,

a.

Territus

perturbatus
; ;

confusus.

AGILE, a. Agilis ; celer citus velox. AGILITY, s. Agilitas ; celeritas ; velocitas


lity ; celeriter
;

Further onward than another ; ante. AID. s. I. Help, support; auxilium; praesidium ; adjumentum subsidium also, opis (or ops) and supbut opis (ops) is used only in the genitive (opis), petiae and suppetiae only in the noaccusative, and ablative minative and accusative. II. A helper, an auxiliary ; III. Subsidy; collata or collatio adjutor; socius. IV. An aid-de-camp ; ducis adjutor. pecuniae. To AID. v. a. Alicui succurrere opem, auxilium ferre ; auxiliari ; esse auxilio ; aliquem adjuvare ; jui.

AH. inlerj. ah oh heti AHEAD, ad.


! !

Most frequently denoting compassion eheu


!

e.

With agito shake';

vare.

velociter.
v. a.
I.

AGIO.

s.

To

Collybus, Cic.

AGITATE,
;

To put in motion,

II. To ; quatere ; concutere. perturbation; aliquem, or animum alicujus, III. To discuss ; tractare explicare deliberare, consulere, or consultare, rem, de re. IV. (Seditiously); seditionem concitare. I. The act of moving, or state of AGITATION, s. being commotio. II. Perturbmoved; motus ; motio ation (of mind) ; motus animi ; or simply motus, when III. Discussion or deliberanimi may be understood.

movere

commovere

affect witli
;

To AIL. v. a. i. e. To give pain ; dolorem (dolores) alicui afferre, facere, efficere ; dolori esse. To be ailing ; tenui uti valetudine ; minus valere ; aegrotare ; morbo laborare ; asgrum, or aegrotum, esse. AIL or AILMENT, s. i. e. A disease ; morbus ; a?groi

movere; commovere.

tatio.

To AIM. v. a. I. To direct, as at a mark ; petere rem ; collineare, dirigere, ad rem. Fig. To aim at, e g. with words, &c. ; petere aliquem verbis. II. To point the view towards any thing ; to endeavour to reach or attain; spectare rem, or ad rem ; appetere rem ; affectare rem ; studere rei ; moliri.
To AIM. v. n. i.e. To take aim; collineare. AIM. s. I. The point to which a missive weapon is II. A purpose, design; the thrown; meta; scopus.
consilium ; propositum ; finis. AIR. s. I. The element encompassing the earth ; aer ; ccelum ; anima ; aura. When there is an allusion to the density or rarity of the atmosphere, ccelum or aer is generally used ; as, ccelum crassum ; aer crassus ; ccelum tenue ; aer tenuis. When considered as the air we breathe, it is expressed by aer, anima, spiritus : as, animam ducere spiritu ; spiritum haurire, Cic. ; vitales auras carpere, Hor. ; vesci aura aetherea,Virg To change the air ; mutare ccelum, Hor. In the open air ; sub dio, Cic. Weight of the air ; cceli gravitas, Cic. To take the Fresh air; aer recens air; auram captare, Liv To enjoy the fresh air ; frui liberiore ccelo ; uti, or To be suspended in the air ; frui, acre libero, recenti. To build castles in the air ; pendere in ccelo, in acre arces imponere ae'ri. To speak to the air; verbaventis To beat profundere, Lucr. ; voces manes fundere, Cic II. Air in the air ; operam et oleum perdere, Plaut. III. (in music) Modulus, motion, a gentle wind; aura. Plin. , modulatio, or numerorum modulatio : musici Mournful airs ; modi flebiles, Cic. To modi, Quint.
object of a design ;

ation ; tractatio also, consilium.

explicatio

deliberatio

consultatio

AGITATOR, s. Concitator ; turbator ; e. g. vulgi. AGNAIL. Paronychia panonychium. AGNATION, s. Agnatio. AGO, AGONE. ad. Abhinc ; ante e. g. abhinc annos tres ; or, abhinc annis tribus ; Three years ago Long ago ; jampridem jamdudum. Not long ago ; haud ita It is long ago since ; diu est, cum. How long pridem. ? dudum ? Quam ago AGOG. ad. Cupidus ; appetens To be all agog ; cuTo be all agog after any thing ; appetens pidum esse. rem ; cupidum esse rei To set agog ; facere, reddere, aliquem cupidum, avidum ; excitare alicujus cupiditatem ;
; : ;

injicere alicui cupiditatem.

AGOING, part.

In usu
i. e.

To

AGONISE,
;

v. n.
I.

To be in

in conguetudine. excessive pain ; excru; sensus mortis usually rendered agon, but

ciari

torqueri.
*.

AGONY.
acerbus
;

The pangs of death


It is

dolor mortis.

this word seems not to occur in the ancients To be in the agonies of death ; animam agere. II. Any violent

pain; cruciatus agony ; cruciari


3

, ;

tormentum
;

excruciari

; dolores, tprqueri.

pi.

To be in

AIR
I know the air, if I air; modulate canere, Cic could but remember the words ; numeros memini, si verbtt tenerem, Virg. The air is well set to the words ; nuineri verbis accommodantur, Quint An air, i. e. a song ; IV. Mien; gestus ; vulcantilena; canticum ; Cic. tus vultus species ; oris habitus, or species. V. ApVI. Manner, pearance ; species ; habitus ; forma. A polite air; urbanitas, fashion; ratio; modus; Cic. Cic With a threatening air ; minaciter To give one's self great airs ; magnih'ce se ferre, Plaut. ; magnifice An air of decency or propriety ; decor. incedere, Sail. To have an air of honesty ; probitatem pra; se ferre, Cic. To AIR. v. a. I. To expose to the air ; ccelo liberiore
ftlfti/

ALIEN
ALIEN,
s.
!.

an

A foreigner, stranger ;

nus. II. (In law); percgrinus ; advena ALIENAHI.E. a. Quod alienari potest.

exterus; exter; hospes.

To

any

withdraw
alienare.

ALIENATE, v. a. I. To transfer the property of II. To thing to another; alienare; abalienare. the affections ; alienare ; alienum reddere ; ab-

exponere
ffc.
)
;

II. To dry (linen, ; coelo aperto exponere. siccare ; arefacere. Pila aetheria ; pila in sublime volans ; s. follis aetherius, or in sublime volans, surgens, tendens. I. Any cuticle filled wilh air; AIR-BLADDER, s. bulla. II. Of fishes ; vesica natatoria ; or, vesica piscaria, or piscis ; and often simply, vesica, when the other

alienatio ; abalienatio or by the verb ; e. g. rebus suis II Coldness of affection; frigus ; lentialienandis. tudo ; lentus animus ; negligentia. To ALIGHT, v. n. I. To come down and stop ; sidere ; considere. II. To fall upon; .decidere, delabi in. III. From horseback; desilire ; ex equo, or
:

ALIENATE, a. Alienus ; alienatus. ALIENATION, s. I. The act of transferring property;

AIR-BALLOON,

ad pedes. ALIKE,
alike
;

^^cendere

Similis alicui, or alicujus. To make aliquid simile reddere ; assimilare ; ad similitua.


;

may be

understood.

AIR-GUN, s. Telum pneumaticum ; telum jaculans ope ae'ris. AIR-HOLE, s. Spiraculum ; spiramentum meatus ae'ris. AIR-PUMP, s. Antlea pneumatica." AIR-SHAFT, s. jEstuarium.
;

Czel. Aur. ; Varr. ; serviens nutrimento, nutriendo, alendo ; alens nutriens ; aptus nutriendo, alendo. ALIMENTAUINESS. s. Vis nutriens ; vis alibilis ; vig serviens nutrimento, nutriendo.
alibilis,
;

dinem rei formare. ALIMENT, s. Alimentum nutrimentum ; ALIMENTAL or ALIMENTARY, a. Nutribilis,

victus.

ALIMONY.

s. i.e.

Nourishment ; nutritus
;

Vectatio animi causa ; ambulatio deambulatio To take an airing (in a carriage) ; vehi curru animi causa ; vectando recreari (on horseback) ; animi causa equo excurrere, or vehi (on foot) ; animi causa

AIRING,

s.

ambulare, deambulare. AIRY. a. I. Of or belonging to air ; aetherius. II. In the air. 1. In the higher regions ; aatherius. 2. In the lower regions ; ae'rius. III. Open to the free air ; aeri pervius, or expositus. IV. Lighter thin as air ; levis tenuis ; exilis. V. Vain, empty ; inanis vanus. VI. Gay, sprightly ; hilaris ; ( Arnobius says, aerius.)
; ;

Pandect.); alitura, Cell. If equivalent to A yearly allowance of money; pecunia annua stipendium annuum. I. ALIVE, a. Living ; vivus vivens in vivis. To be alive ; vjvere in vivis esse. To take one alive ; caII. Active, in full force ; vividus ; pere aliquem vivum. vivax III. Cheerful, sprightly; vegetus; vivens. vivus vividus IV. Used To be alive; vividum esse. for the sake of emphasis ; as, The best man alive ; hujus
; ; ; ; ;

(sustentatio,

aetatis.

ALL.
cunctus

a.
;

I.

universus quisque

The whole number, etmi/ one ; omnis ; It singuli. unusqnl^fue


; ;

may also be rendered by nullus

non,

when a verb

follows.

festivus

lepidus. AISLE, s. Ala.


;
; ;

AKIN. a. I. Related to, 'allied by blood ; cognatus ; cpnsanguineus eognatione conjunctus on the father's side, also agnatus ; on the mother's side, cognatus ; by marriage, also affinis affinitate junctus, or conjunctus. II. Allied by nature ; cognatus; affinis; finitimus.
; !

Are you all here.? adestisne universi ? We are all here; universi adsumus. They are not all yet come ; nondum II. The whole quansunt universi; desunt nonnulli.
every part ; integer; totus solidus uuiversus. ALL. s. i.e. The whole ; totum universum. In all; in uniALL. s., a., ad. In various phrases. versum omnino in totum. To be all ovefa finem haThe candle is all burnt ; candela bere; finitum e^sse consumta est. The candles are all gone, I e. none is
tity,
;
;

ALABASTER, s. Alabastrites. ALACK, inter). Alack-a-day ! ah! heu! eheu All alone ; plane solus. AW at all; ALACRITY, s. Alacritas hilaritas vivacitas. left; deest candela. ALAMODE. ad. Ex more more. plane non prorsus non omnino non minime. (In anIt ALARM, s. I. A cry by which soldiers are summone d swers) nihil minus. Nothing at all; nihil omnino It is all nihil differt nil interest to arms ; conclamatio ad arma. is all one ; est idem II. Notice of any To cause an alarm; one tome; mihi est idem; nihil interest mea or, pro danger approaching; tumultus tumultum prsebere, or ciere A false alarm; tumultus eodem habeo, juxta aestimo (utrum). This is all one, as inanis To sound an alarm (by a trumpet) canere tu- if I should say, $c. ; hoc perindeest ac (tanquam, &c.) si multum ; periculum indicare cantu buccinae (by a ego dicam, &c All of a sudden; subito ; repente Once He is all my care; III. Sud- for all ; semel ; or, in universum. drum)-, tympani sono indicare periculum. den fright ; trepidatus pavor consternatio ; terror ilium euro unum. He is allfor himself; sibi soli cavet, To take alarm ; aliqua re perturbari consternari. / will take all the care I can ; quam, or quanprospicit To ALARM, v a. Make ail the haste you can ; quanI. To call to arms ; adarmacontum, potero, cavebo. tum poteris, festina. In such phrases as these, All may be II. To frighten ; perterrefacere clamare, vocare. terrorem injicere, incutere, alicui ; inquietare. expressed by quantumcunque, quod, quidquid, quantum, ALARM-BELL, s. Campana tumultuosa campana indi- quam All around, on all sides ; undique passim; unsolitarius All at once ; All alone ; solus cans, significans, indicens, tumultum. If used to give decunque. alarm offire ; campana incendiaria. simul et semel All along. 1. (Of time) usque conti2. Lying prostrate ; ALARM-POST, s. Locus in quo milites in tumultu con- nue ; perpetuo ; nunquam non. All toAll the while ; per totum tempus gregantur. prostratus. ALARUM, s. See LARUM. gether ; omnes universi simul. By all means ; omnino. All to no purpose ; all ALAS, inter}. Ah All the better ; tanto melius. heu eheu hei mihi misero Alas ! (for shame) proh dedecus proh pudor Most of all; praecipue praesertim. Alas ! in vain; frustra All Hallows or All Saints' Day ; dies All-hail! salve (for sorrow) ; proh dolor ALB. s. Amiculum album sacerdotale. All Souls' Day may be renfestus omnium sanctof\im ALBEIT, ad. Tametsi ; etsi quamvis ; quanquarn. dered by Feralia. ALBUGO, s. Albugo oculi or simply, albugo, when ALL-SEEING, a. Omnituens, Lucret. ; Val. Flacc. ; Aroculi may be understood. nob. ; or, qui omnia uno intuitu lustrat. God is allSciens omnium rerum. ALCHYMIST. s. Alchymista; artifex auri efficiendi; ALL-WISE, a. wise ; Deus est omnium rerum sciens, omnia scit ; qui putat se tenere artem auri efficiendi. ALCHYMY. s. Alchymia ars auri efficiendi. nihil Deum fugit. I. To mix one metal (e. g. gold) ALCOVE, s. Pars cubiculi secretior ; zotheca ; zeta ; To ALLAY, v. a. with another ; (aurum) conjungere cum alio metallo. zetecula, Plin. ALDER. 5. Alnus ; Betulaalnus, Linn Made of alder, II. To mitigate; lenire mollire; mitigare ; levare. aldern ; alneus. I. Metal of a baser kind, mixed in coins ; ALLAY, s. II. That mistura (or mixtura). ALDERMAN. *. Senator urbanus civis patricius. mistio (or mixtio) ALE. s. Cervisia, or cerevisia zythum. which mitigates ; levamen levamentum. declaration I. ALE-HOUSE, s. Tabernacerevisiaria caupona cereviALLEGATION, s. ; afAffirmation, II. The thing Biaria but the adjective, cerevisiarius, seems not to occur A false allegation; calumnia. firmatio III. in ancient writers. We or or sententia; use cauopinio. dictum; ; affirmed ; alleged may simply caupona
; ; ; ; ; ; ;
;

pona, taberna, vendenda* cerevisiae serviens


serviens.

or without

An excuse, plea ; To ALLEGE, v.


aio

excusatio
a.
I.

pnetextus

causa.

To affirm, declare, maintain;

ALEMBIC, s. Cucumella stillatoria. ALERT, a. Alacer ; impiger ; vegetus ; promptus. ALERTNESS, s. Alacritas ; vivacitas. ALGEBRA. 5. An Arabic word, and must be retained
Algebra.

obtinere ; contendere ; defendere. ; ; tenere ; II. To plead as an excuse or argument ; prsetexere, or praetendere, aliquid ; praetextu (excusatione) uti, cauf" quote (an author); aflerre ; 1 1 1. To cite or samproferre. citare ; laudare.
affirmare
:

ALIEN, a. grinus; exterus

I.
;

Foreign
externus.

alieginus
II.

aliegina

Estranged from

pere; ad-

ALLEGEABLE. ALLEGIANCE.

a.
5.

Quod

versus, adversarius, contrarius, alicui To be alien from; esse contrarium alicui ; repugnari ; adversari.

On my
dins.

allegiance;

Fides ; per

affirmari potest. officium civis, munus ; partes. fidem meam, or medius ft

ALLEGORICAL
ALLEGORICAL,
translatus.
a.

ALMONER
;

Symbolicus

allegoricus
;

tropicus

ALMONER,

s.

Curator
.

stipis egenis collects. (

Some say,

eleemosy narius
Tropice (Symbolice, Cell.)
v. a.
;

ALLEGORICALLY. ad.
translate.

per translationem
uti translate

To A LLEGORISE.
latione uti

Sermone

per translationem loqui.


s.

; trans(Tertullian uses

the word allegorize.)

ALLEGORY.
translata.

Allegoria, Quint.;

translatio

verba

ALLEGRO, ad. Lsete; hilariter; vivide, Cell. To ALLEVIATE, v. a. Levare ; reddere leviorem
nire
;

le-

mollire

mitigare.
5.
I.

The act of making light; levatio ; II. That by which any pain is eased, or raitigatio. fault extenuated ; levamentum lenimentum ; levamen ; laximentum. ALLEY, s. I. A walk in a garden; via arboribus utrinque septa ; sometimes, ambuiatio (ambulacrum) arboribus utrinque septa (septum). It may, perhaps, also be II. A narrow passage in towns ; anrendered, xystus.
ALLEVIATION.
;

See ALMSHOUSE. ALMOST, ad. Fere ; ferme prope propemodum ; paene also, tantum non, when a verb or adjective follows ; e. g. Almost all; tantum non omnes ; or thus, parum abest quin credam / almost believe it. .(Equalis mihi fere est aetate (annis) or, non multum distat a me* aetate ; He is almost as old as I am. ALMS. s. Pecunia, quae (donum, quod) egenis datur ; ecclesiastical writers say, eleemosyna. When it is said of To collect alms ; money collected, we may use stips To live upon alms ; vivere de benestipem colligere. ficio aliorum, or To give alms; eleempsynis, or stipe. donum alicui propter ejus egestatem dare ; or, stipem
s.
;
*,

ALMONRY,
:

confer re.

ALMS-BOX,
narius

s.

Pyxis eleemosynaria

giportus

make an

angiportum. societas I. A league; foedus ALLIANCE, s. alliance ; foedus facere, inire, componere,
; ;

: or, to avoid the use of a modern word, pyxis in stips egenis colligitur, or in quam stips conjicitur ; cippus, in quo stips egenis colligitur, or in quern stips jacitur.

cippus eleempsy-

qua

To
icere,

percutere ; societatem facere, inire, coire, conflare. To break or violate an alliance ; fcedus frangere, vioII. Relation by marriage or kindred ; ( by marlare. riage) conjunctio per affinitatem ; affinitas ; (by kindred) consanguinitas ; cognatio ; (by either marriage or kinIII. The persons allied to each dred) propinquitas. other ; (by marriage) affines ; affinitate juncti (con. juncti) ; (by kindred) cognati ; consanguinei ; cognatione conjunct! ; (by either marriage or kindred) propinqui. ALLIGATION, s. I. The act of tying together ; conjunctio ; connexio ; copulatio : or by the verbs ; e. g. rebus II. A rule conjungendis, connectendis, copulandis. in arithmetic ; de permistione, or mistura (regula). ALLIGATOR. 5. Crocodilus. ALLODIAL, a. Proprius ; peculiaris. To ALLOO. v. a. i. e. To incite by crying attoo ; horconcitare. To ALLOT, -v. a. I. To distribute by lot ; in partes II. To grant, distribute, dividere ; sortito tribuere. give each his share ; assignare ; attribuere ; praebere ; tribuere ; facere aliquem participem rei.
tari
;

ALMSHOUSE. s. .SSdificium pauperibus alendis destina; hospitium pauperum ; ptochium, Cod. Just. ; or, ptochitrophium, Cod. Just. ALOES, s. I. A precious wood used in the East for It. A perfume; xylaloe i agallochum ; agallpchon. plant which grows in hot countries ; aloe. ALOFT, ad. Alte ; excelse ; celse ; sublime ; in excelso, &c. ALONE, a. Solus ; solitarius. It may often be rendered by unus e. g. I alone knew it, ego unus (solus) sciebam To Pray to God alone ; Deum unum (solum). leave alone; derelinquere ; deserere To let alone; mittere ; omittere ; praetermittere ; missurn facere. ALONE, ad. Solum ; tanium ; modo ; duntaxat ; tan-

tum

tum modo.
ALONG,

ad.
II.

I.

At

length ; in longitudinem
;

in Ion;

incitare

instigare

II.

ALLOTMENT. 5. I. A dividing by The portion granted ; pars; portio


to the

lot ; sortitio. Accord; sors.

i. e. always; perpetuo semper nunForward, onward; prorsum ; protenus. ALONG, prep. Per or by an ablative ; e. g. ibam via sacra Along with ; una cum. ALOOF, ad. Procul longe ;. eminus. ALOUD, ad. Clare clara, or intenta, voce. ALPHABET, s. ordo lite(Alphabetum, Tertull.) rarum vulgari consuetudine receptus; ordo literarum

gum

All along,

quam non.

vulgaris

allotment ; pro rata parte ; or, simply, pro rata. ing I. To admit, not to contradict ; To ALLOW, v. a. Allow me to say ; concedas mihi ut dicam ; concedere. II. To patiare me dicere, &c. ; or, pace tua dixerim. III. To approve; probare ; comprobare ; agnoscere. Not to allow; grant, yield; concedere.; admittere. IV. To permit ; permittere ; concedere alicui negare. rem, or ut (that) for the accusative ; also potestatem (veniam) alicui dare, with a genitive, or a gerund in di ; also pati, sinere, followed by an accusative with an infinitive To allow one's self any thing ; uti ; audere AlTo be allowed; lowed; licitus ; concessus ; permissus. V. To make abatement or provision ; de sumlicere. ma deducere, detrahere. ALLOWABLE, a. i. e. Lawful, not forbidden ; licitus ;

A book containing the alphabet; libellus in quo ordo literarum vulgaris exponitur. Some say, libellus
abecedarius.

ALPHABETICAL,
vulgari.

a.

Alphabeticus

ex ordine literarum

ALPHABETICALLY, ad. Ex ordine literarum vulgari. ALREADY, ad. Jam ; dudum : pridem jamdudum ; jampridem ; jamjam. ALSO. ad. I. Likewise ; et etiam item quoque ; necnon itidem. Quoque must be placed after one or more words ; e. g. ego quoque scio. This may often be e. g. expressed by the use of idem, eadem, idem You have read Cicero, and I have also ; ego eundem Your father wept, and also complained ; idem legi II. querebatur. Moreover; praeterea porro ; autem ; insuper ; quinetiam ad haac hue accedit quod. non vetitus. ALTAR, s. Altare ; ara. I. Admission without contradiction; To ALTER, v. a. Mutare ; immutare ; permutare ALLOWANCE, s. concessio or by the verb ; e. g. concedenda sententia I cannot alter it ; non mihi amplius integrum est ; or, mutare non amplius licet II. Permission; venia; To alter one's opinion ; sen(enuntiatione, propositione). tentiam mutare de sententia decedere. III. Abatement from strict rigour ; venia; potestas. To ALTER, v. n. Se mutare or immutare ; mutari ; To make allowance ; indulgere veniam indulgentia. dare Without any allowance; acerbe That makes immutari ; alium fieri. ( Of the disposition or manners) ; no allowance ; acerbus. That makes allowance ; indul- mutare vitam ; mutare mores. IV, A settled rate for any use ; ratio. ALTERABLE, a. Qui (quas, quod) mutari potest ; mugens; facilis. ALLOY, s. See ALLAY. tabilis. To ALLUDE, v. n. Spectare respicere ; tangere ALTERATION, s. I. The act of altering ; mutatio ; immutatio conversio or by the verbs. II. The change (verbis) aliquid alludere also, notare. To ALLURE, v. a. Allicere ; allectare ; invitare ; de- made. To make an alteration ; mutare, &c. With alvocare. mutato modo. teration; mutata (commutata) ratione I. The act of alluring ; allectatio ; ALLUREMENT, s. There is a great alteration ; multa mutata sunt ; magor by the verbs. II. That which allures; invitatio na rerum commutatio facta est. illecebra ; incitamentum ALTERCATION, s. JLis ; rixa jurgium contentio liblandimentum, ALLURINGLY, ad. Captiose illecebrose. To cause an altercation ; ciere ; tigium ; altercatio ALLUSION, s. Notatio and, perhaps, tactio also by movere, &c To have an altercation; litem habere ; a verb; respiciens (spectans, notans, tangens) locum, &c. litigare rixari, &c. Thus also, e. g. He said that in allusion to a passage, ALTERNATE, ALTERNATELY, ad. In vices ; in vicem ; $c. ; dicebat hoc re tangenda notanda ilia re, by allusion mutuo (of two) alternis. to. To ALTERNATE, v. a. Variare per vices (of two) ; To ALLY. v. a. Se conjungere ; se jungere ; se colligare ; variare alternis Joy and grief alternate ; laetitia et
; ; ; ; ; : ; ; ; : ;
.

jungi

conjungi

; ;

facere, conflare

sociari ; also, societatem inire, coire, foedus facere, inire, componere, icere,

percutere.

Socius; foederis particeps ; federejunctus ; fcederatus ; amicus. ALMANAC, s. Fasti ; calendarium. ALMIGHTINESS. s. Omnipotentia, Macrob. ; or, potentia ad omnia omnino pertinens ; potentia omnium rerum. ALMIGHTY, a. Omnipotens ; potens omnium rerum. ALMOND, s. Amygdala ; amygdalum Almond-tree; Almonds of the ears (rather, of amygdala ; amygdalus.
the throat)
;

ALLY.

v. a.

dolor alternis veniunt ; sibi per vices succedunt. ALTERNATION, s. Vices ; vicissitude. ALTHOUGH, conj. Quamvis ; etsi ; tametsi ; quanquam ; licet. N. B. Licet always takes the conjunctive ; the others take sometimes an indicative ; but they have a 1. When might, should, &c., or uncerconjunctive, tainty, are to be expressed ; e. g. etsi non credam 2. When preceded by a conjunctive or (crederem). It may be remarked that an accusative and infinitive quamvis takes a conjunctive also when it is used for howsoever; e. g. How rich soever you may be; quamvis
sis dives.

tonsillae.

10

ALTITUDE
ALTITUDE,
ceritas.
s.

AMENDMENT
;

Altitudo

celsitudo

excelsitas

pro-

ALTOGETHER, ad. I. Entirely : omnino ; plane ; II. In the wholes in sunima. prorsus. ALUM, s. Alumen. ALUMINOUS, a. Aluminosus. ALWAYS, ad. I. Perpetually ; semper omni ternpore nullo non tempore ; nunquara non (with a verb).
;

II. Constantly, without variation; continenter ; perpetuo ; omni tempore ; nullo non tempore ; nunquam non III. When Always is equivalent to (with a verb). most frequently, commonly, it is rendered by plerumque or by the verb solere ; e. g. This man always comes
;

too late ; solet sero (tarde) venire. I AM. i. e. I exist ; sum ; exsisto. For the most part this word is used as the sign of a verb active, neuter, or passive, and is expressed in Latin only by the use of a

fit melius, Cic. We may say also, convalescere sanitatem recuperare, &c. AMENDMENT, s. I. (Of the life and manners) melior vita ; reditus ad frugem meliorem ; emendatio vitaa. II. (Of the health of a patient) ; melior conditio acgroti There seems to be some amendment ; videtur melius fieri aegroto ; aegrotus videtur fieri melior, or convaJrscere. AMENDS, s. Kestitutio ; compensatio ; pematio. Also by a verb ; e. g. damno resarciendo (compensando, &c.). By way of amends ; ad damnum resarciendum, &c. To AMERCE, v. a. Mulctare pecunia ; mulctam alicui dicere, or facere, or indicere ; mulctam dicere in ali-

meliorem frugem redire, se recipere ; meliorem fieri vitam mutare. II. (Of the health); melius se habere : e. g. aegrotus fit inelior also, meliorem fieri, Cels. ; or,
; :

segroto

quem. AMERCEMENT,
simply, mulcta.

s.

corresponding verb aegroto, &c.


cito.

e. g.

/ am

loved,

amor

/ am

Mulcta pecuniaria (numaria)

or

sick,
;

To AMALGAMATE, rem re, or cum re.


AMALGAMATION,
mixtura).

AMAIN, ad. I. With speed; celeriter II. With vigour; provirili.


v. n.
s.

velociter

AMETHYST, s. AMIABLE, a. i.
dignus.

Amethystus. e. Lovely ; amabilis

amandus

amore

Miscere, permiscere,
;

rem

rei,

Mistio (or mixtio)


Suet.
;

mistura (or

AMANUENSIS,
scriba.

s.

Actuarius,

servus a

manu
;

Amarantus, Ov. ; Plin. AMARANTINE. a. e. g. Colour ; color amarantinus as amarantinus seems not to occur, amaranti.
s.

AMARANTH,

or,
;

To AMASS,

v. a.

Cumulare ; accumulare ; coacervare


;

congerere.

AMATORY, a. Amatorius ad amorem pertinens. To AMAZE, v. a. I. To confuse with terror ; terrere


perterrere
;

AMIABLENESS. s. Amabilitas, Plaut. ; or, amabilis (amore digna) natura, conditio. AMIABLY, ad. Amabiliter. AMICABLE, a. Amicus benevolus ; oflBciosus. AMICABLENESS. s. Benevolentia. AMID, AMIDST, prep. Inter ; in medio. The adjective medius may often be used e. g. in media urbe ; per medium ignem, &c. AMISS, ad. Male; perperam ; vitiose ; non recte ; To do amiss ; peccare ; offendere prave Not amiss ; haud incommode non abs re. AMITY, s. See FRIENDSHIP.
; : ;

perterref acere
;

exterrere
;

territare

ter-

AMMONIAC, s Gum ammoniac ; gummi ammoniacum, Sal ammoniac ; sal ainmouiaor, simply, ammoniacum.
cus.

rorem alicui incutere (injicere). wonder ; perturbare confundere


lere
;

To confuse with percutere ; percelII.

AMMUNITION,
bellicus.

s.

Copia bellica; apparatus

belli,

or

stupet'acere

obstupefacere.

AMAZE, s. See AMAZEMENT. AMAZEDLY. ad. Use the participle perturbatus, &c. ;
or,

cum

AMNESTY, s. Lex oblivionis, Nep. AMONG, AMONGST, prep. In inter


;
:

apud.

In,

with

perturbatione, &c.
;

AMAZEMENT.*. Stupor perturbatio. Or by a participle: e. g. In amazement; perturbatus Of or through amazement ; perturbatione motus, or perturbatus (percussus, To my amazement; cum mea perturbatione, or, &c.) ad me perturbandum To strike with amazement. See To AMAZE. AMAZING, part. a. I. Astonishing; stupendus mi;

ablative e. g. To reckon among one's friends ; numerare inter amicos, or in amicis ; also, referre inter amicos, or innumero (numerum) amicorum. From among; e; ex.

AMOROUS,
;

a.

Amori deditus

Veneri deditus

vene-

reus

amatorius.
;
; ;

rabilis

mirandus.
ad. mirabiliter.
;

II.
I.

Very great

vehemens, &c.
in
;

AMOROUSLY, ad. Amatorie blande. To AMOUNT, v. n. Efficere conficere summam cere. It amounts to this; hoc redit eo (ad id). amounts to the same ; res eodem redit nil differt
;

effi-

It
;

nil

AMAZINGLY,

Astonishingly; stupendum
II.

interest.

modum; modum
;

Very, greatly ; valde

supra

AMOUNT,
sc.

s.

Summa.
a.
s.

vehementer mirabiliter. AMBASSADOR, s. Legatus ; orator.


;

AMPHIBIOUS,
animal.

To be an ambas;

Varro uses the word amphibium,


Amphitheatrum.
Belonging to an

sador

legatum esse

legationem administrare

munere

AMPHITHEATRE,
amphitheatre
;

legati (or legatione) fungi.

AMBASSAGE. s. Legatio. See EMBASSY. AMBER, s. Succinum; electrum. AMBER, a. Electrinus ; ex electro (factus)
neus
;

succi-

or, e succino (factus).


:

AMBERGRIS,

ambra
Linn.

Probably, ambra, or ambrum ; usually, also, electrum opacum ; electrum opacum tenax,
s.

s. Liquidambra, Styraciflua, Linn. AMBIDEXTER or AMBIDEXTROUS, a. I. That has equally the use of both his hands ; ambidexter seems not to occur asquimanus is used in this sense by Ausonius ;
:

AMBER-TREE,

and Symmachus
II.

is equally ready to act on both sides in party disputes; fautor duorum hominum inter se dissentientium ; favens duobus inter se dissentientibus ; or, in certain cases, fautor utriusque ; favens utrique. AMBIENT, a. Qui ambit, circuit, circumvenit, circumfunditur. AMBIGUITY, AMSIGUOUSNESS. s. Arnbiguitas, Liv. ; Cic. ; Quint. ; obscuritas.

That

says, trtptiifytv,

i.

e.

aequimanum.

amphitheatralis. I. Wide, extended ; aroplus ; spatiosus ; latus. II. Great in bulk; magnus ; ampins. III. Unlimited, without restriction ; infinitus ; nullis finibus (or limitibus) inclusus (or circumscriptus). AMPLENESS. s. Magnitude ; amplitude ; latitude ; copia. AMPLIFICATION, s. Amplificatio ; dilatatio ; auctus. (In rhetoric) ; circumductio, Quint. To AMPLIFY, AMPLIFICATE. v. a. Dilatare ; amplificare ; exaggerare ; augere (In rhetoric) ; circumducere, Quint. AMPLITUDE, s. I. Extent; ambitus; circuitus;

AMPLE,

a.

II. Largeness, greatness; magnitude ; complexus. III. Capacity; capacitas facultas. amplitudo. IV. Copiousness, abundance ; divitize copia; ubertas. AMPLY, ad. I. Largely; large; copiose. II. At plane ; penitus large ; copiously ; plene prorsus ; omnino.
; ; ; ;

To AMPUTATE,
dere
;

v. a.
;

Amputare
; ;

desecare

absci-

abscindere

resecare

also, prascidere.

AMBIGUOUS, a. Ambiguus ; anceps. AMBIGUOUSLY, ad. Ambigue. AMBIT, s. Ambitus circuitus ; complexus.
;

AMPUTATION, s. Desectio sectio. AMULET, s. Amuletum, Plin. To AMUSE, v. a. I. To entertain; delectare


lectare
;

ob-

AMBITION, s. Sitis honoris ; nimia aviditas honoris ; cupiditas laudis, or gloriae ; ambitio, Cic. AMBITIOUS, a. Sitiens honoris ; cupidus laudis, or gloriae ambitiosus.
;

exhilarare
.

juvare

esse

oblectationi,

dlec-

11. To draio on from time to time ; tationi, voluptati. ducere ; fallere ; decipere ; circumvenire ; inducere ali-

To AMBLE, v. n. Tolutim incedere ; gradiari. AMBLE, s. Incessus gradarius. AMBLER, s. Equus gradarius (or, perhaps, tolutarius).

quem. I. The act of amusing ; delectatio ; AMUSEMENT. s. oblectatio. Or by a verb e.g. For the amusement of the
;

guests ; tandos.

AMBUSCADE, AMBUSH,
lie

s.

I.

place where persons

II. to surprise another ; insidiae. N. B. To insidise ; insidiatores. place an ambush ; insidias collocare, &c. AMEN. ad. Ita fiat ; esto ; Amen. AMENABLE, a. Cui res est praestanda, or defendenda ; e. g. You are amenable for it; tu debes rem praestare, or defendere ; tibi est res praestanda (or defendenda). AMEND, v. a. i. e. To make belter ; corrigere ; emendare ; meliorom redder;'.

in wait in order The Hers in wait ;

To

ad convivas exhilarandos, delectandos, oblecII. That which amuses; delectamentum ; oblectamentum To serve for amusement ; esse delectamento, &c. AN. See A. ANABAPTISM. s. Repetitio baptismi (baptismatis) ; baptismus repetitus baptisma repetitum. ANABAPTIST, s. Anabaptista; mennonita. ANALOGICAL, a. Analogicus and, perhaps, similis. ANALOGICALLY, ad. Per, or secundum, analogiam ;
; ;

analogice.

To AMEND,

v. n.

I.

(Of the

life

and manners)

ad

ANALOGY, ANARCHY.

s.

Analogia

similitudo.
capitis,

*.

Inopia (defectus)

principis,

11

ANATOMICAL
magistratus, magistrorum civitatis, reipublicae praesunt, or praeesse debent.

ANDIRON
eorum qui
laughed, i. e. AS or while he was reading, $c. ; logons librum ridebat : or it maybe included in the supine e.g. I will go and see ; ibo visum A little more and he had been killed ; parum abfuit quin interficeretur.
;

nunimi

ANATOMICAL, a. ANATOMICALLY,
not to occur)
;

Anatomicus.
ad.

Anatomice (but this word seems e regulis incisionis corporum ; e regulis

ANDIRON,

s.

Vara

(praescriptis) anatomias. To ANATOMISE, v. a. Incidere, or secare, corpus (cor-

maphroditus

ANATOMIST.

*.
;

Gnarus (peritus) incidendi


I.
;

scrutandi corpora

ANATOMY,
83Ctio

t.

tomia, Caal. Aur. (secandi) corpora.


;

et perperitus anatomise. The art of dissecting the body ; anaanatomice, Macrob. ; ars incidendi II. The act of dividing any thing ;

utriusque sexus, bestia hermaphrodita, &c (Of plants) planta utriusque sexus ; planta hermaphrodita. ANECDOTE, s. Narratio ; narratiuncula.
;

ANDROGYNAL or ANDROGYNOUS, a. Androgynu? herhomo utriusque sexus homo ambiguo inter marem ac feminam sexu (Of animals); bestia
; ; ;

igniaria.

incisio.

ANCESTOR.*. Unus e majoribus. (PI.) Ancestors; majores ; qui antenos fuerunt (vixerunt). ANCESTRAL, a. Paternus ; patrius. I. Lineage ; genus ; origo ; stirps. ANCESTRY, s. It. The honour of descent, birth ; nobilitas, or antiquitas, Ofni''e ancestry ; illustri stirpe, or loco, nageneris tus. Pride of ancestry ; superbia de mfcjoribus suis, pb majores suos, de antiquitate, or ob antiquitatem, generis. To cast ANCHOR, s. Ancora; navalis uncus,VaI. Flacc To weigh anchor ; ancoram anchor ; ancoram jacere To hoist anchors ancoram moliri. tollere, or solvere. To lie or ride at anchor ; navem in ancoris tenere ; in ancoris commorari, stare, or exspectare: also, in To come to an anchor ; consistere ancoris constitisse. Arm of an in ancoris, Caes. ; or, ad ancoram, Cass. Shank of an anchor; brachium (or cornu) ancorae. Anchor-smith ; faber feranchor ; lignum ancorale
rarius ancorarius.
I. To cast anchor ; ancoram jav. n. II. To lie at anchor ; navem in ancoris tenere, See ANCHOR. I. ANCHORAGE, s. Money paid for permission to vectigal anchor; pecunia ancoralis, or ancoraria II. Ground for anchoring ; fuiidus ancoraa ancorale.

ANEW. ad. I. Over again ; de integro ; ab integro ; denuo iterum. II. Newly ; recenter ; recens ; nove. ANGEL, s. I. II. Fig. (as a term of Prop, angelus. endearment) ; mi amme mea vita and, perhaps, mi but of course this term was not used by the anangele cients. III. A piece of money so called ; nummusaugeli
! ! !

effigie signatus

or,

nummus

perhaps we
genius.

may say, nummus

albus, or bonus, genius

Av evil angel ;

ab angelo nomen gerens ; or A good angel ; angelicus ater, or malus,

ANGELICAL, ANGELIC,
angelicus.
tarn purus,
II.

quam
I.

a. I. Of or belonging to angels; Of superhuman purity or innocence;

angelus est

purus instar angeli

or,
;

innocentissimus.

Uneasiness upon receipt of an injury ira ; iracundia. Vehement anger ; excandescentia. To lay aside anger ; iram omittere, deponere, ponere.
s.

ANGER,

To ANCHOR,

cere.

&c.

Anger subsides ; ira defervescit, deflagrat Anger is In allayed or appeased; ira decedit, abit, evanescit anger ; iratus Through or out of anger ; prae ira ; per iram. To give vent to anger; iram eflundere, or evomere. II. Smart of a sore ; dolor; inflammatio. To ANGER, v. a. Iratum reddere, or facere ; irritare ; ira aliquem incendere ; animum, or iram, alicui movere ; bilem, or iram, alicujus concitare ; stomachum
facere.

ANGLE,
j

s.

Angulus.
; acutus v. a. I.

jacienda? aptus.

rectus.

Acute

clupea encrasicholus, Anchovy-sauce; jus encrasicholinum ; Linn.; Sarda. or, rather, Sardinium, or Sardiniense. I. Old, not tnodern ; vetus ; antiquus ; ANCIENT, a. The. ancients ; antiqui ; prisci ; veteres ; mapriscus II. Old, that has been of long duration; yetus ; fores. III. Past, former ; alio tempore ; alias. vetustus. ANCIENT, s. i. e. The flag or streamer of a ship ; vexillum navale ; signum. ANCIENTLY, ad. Antiquitus , antique ; tempore prisco ; antehac ; antea ; olim ; quondam. ANCIENTS, s. i. e. Those who lived in old times ; veteres ; antiqui ; prisci. Obs. l.Queis I. Et ; ac ; atque ; que. AND. conj. with another ; e. g. put after the word which it connects Father and mother ; pater materque. 2. Some suppose that the Romans did not use ac before a vowel, but wrote, e. g. atque ilium, atque ego, &c., rather than ac ilium, ac ego, &c. This point is indeed very doubtful, but in writing Latin it is better to make a rule of placing II. And than ac. atque or et before a vowel, rather also ; et etiam ; atque etiam ; itemque ; nee non ; or, or et also am I And etiam, e. able; ego g. neque non; lll.Andnot; et non; ac non; atque necego non, possum.
s.
;

ANCHOVY,

Encrasicholus

or,

To ANGLE,
hamo
by

A right angle ; angulus Obtuse; obtusus. Prop. Piscari hamo ; pise -s


II.

captare, or capere.

Fig.
s.

i. e.

To try

to

gain

ANGLE-ROD or ANGLING-ROD,
piscatoria.

artifice ; appetere, aucupari, aliquid.

Virga, or arundo,

ANGLER,

s.

Piscator.
;

He spake angrily ;
ANGRY,
;

ANGLING-LINE, s. Linea piscatoria. ANGRILY, ad. Irate also by the adjective iratus
iratus.
a.
I.

e. g.

iracundus ; stomachosus. II. Painful, inflamed; dolens ; dolorosus ; inflammatus. ANGUISH, s. I. (Of body) ; dolor ; cruclatus. II.

Touched with anger ; iratus ; indignabundus. To make angry ; iratum reddere, or facere ; irritare iram alicujus concitare ; iram alicui movere. To become angry ; irritari ; ira incendi excandescere ira iratum fieri. To be angry ; iratum esse ; irasci, e. g. alicui Soon angry; irritabflis ; also, stomachari
; ; ;

ANGULAR or ANGULOUS. a. Angulosus ; angulatus ; angulos habens ; angulis praeditus ; angularis. ANIMADVERSION, s. I. Reproof; reprehensio ; vituperatio ; vituperium ; or by the verbs. II. Punishment;
pcena.

(Of mind); angor

pavor

sollicitudo.

refers to a substantive ; and by et id, or idque, refers to a verb or a whole sentence ; e. g. / have many books, and indeed very fine ones ; habeo multos He slept, and that libros, et eos (or eosque) pulchros in his own house ; dormiebat, idque domi. If a negative be joined with it, nee is put for et; e. g. I have many

concisely, nee, neque ; e. g. He knows IV. And if; ; neque (nee) potest. ac si et si maybe used, but ac si is preferable, on account to the of si et etsi, conjunction resemblance of the V. And indeed, and that ; etquidem. But although. this is more frequently expressed by et is, et ea, et id, &c.,

non

or,

more

not,

and
:

is

not able

To ANIMADVERT, v. n. I. To reprove ; vituperare ; II. To punish ; reprehendere culpare ; accusare. punire aliquem animadvertere in aliquem, or in aliquid ; To animadvert severely ; gravi pcena aflicere aliquem. pcena afficere.
; ;

when when

it

ANIMAL, ANIMAL.

s.
'a.

Animal

animans
;
;

bestia

bellua.

Animalis
s.

it

',

dom

regnum animale
v. a.

bestialis. The animal kingclassis animalium.

ANIMALCULE,
occur.

Bestiola.
I.

Animalculum seems not

to

VI. And yet ; tamen ; etsi. ideo ; idcirco. And, in antithetical sentences, where it is nearly equivalent to but, is usually omitted in Latin ; e. g. Caius is rich, and Titius is poor ; Caius est dives, Titius autem. VII. In pauper. Or it may be expressed by such a phrase as, Do me a pleasure and come, we must Thus not use et, &c. but ut ; e, g. da mini hoc, ut venias and not be seen ; quomodo also, How we may do so and so, ut non conspiciamur. VIII. poss'umus aliquid facere, And I, and thou, and he, &c., after a period or a colon, are at the beginning of usually expressed by qui, quae, quod, the following sentence or clause e. g. He died ; and when
inde
;
:

books, and indeed not poor ones ; habeo multos libros, And therefore; proin ; pronee eos contemnendos.

To make alive; animare II. To encourage, aliquem; or, dare alicui vitam. incite ; reddere aliquem vegetum dare alicui vigorem ;
;

To ANIMATE,
;

excitare

incitare
;

cohortari
;

animum
I.

addere.
II.

ANIMATE, ANIMATED, part.


Lively
;

a.

Alive; vivus.
III.

vividus
;

vivax

vegetus.

excitatus

incitatus.

ANIMATION.*. II. The state of being enlivened; vivacitas


alacritas.

With animation ; vivide ; alacriter. I. The act of animating ; animatio.


;

Encouraged;

vigor;

ANIMOSITY, s. Odium ; commotto animi ; animus infensus. To conceive animosity ; odium suscipere, or
1

He he was buried; moriebatur ; qui cum sepeliretur died with a cheerful countenance; and if you had seen him si vidisses mori, hilari fronte moriebatur quern expire ; IX. In many other cases, as when it may be ex&c. pressed in English by As, while, after, 8$c., it may be omitted, and the connection may be expressed by a partithe book, and rose, i. e. after he ciple e. g. He laid down He read the book, and had, &c. ; libro deposito, surrexit.
; ,

To cherish or enferconcipere, in, or adversus, aliquem. tain animosity ; odisse aliquem ; odio habere aliquem ; To excite, create, or occasion also, odium 'habere animosity ; odium concitare, creare, movere.
ANISE,
s.
s.

Anisum

or,

Pimpinella Anisum, Linn.


;

ANKER,
doliolum.

Amphora dimidia
;

dimidium amphora?

ANKLE, s. Talus malleolus. ANNALIST. 5. Scriptor, or conditor, fastorum, or


annalium.

ANNALS, s. Liber annalis ; also, (pi.) annales ; fasti. ANNATES. s. Reditus primi anni ex episcopalibus va-

12

ANNEAL
cuis
;

ANSWER
say, annatae quae

usually,
;

arnatae

or

we may

dicuntur

or, primitia?.

To ANNEAL, v. n. Urendo, or inurendo, colorare, tingere, coloiem inducere. To ANNEX, v. a. Addere ; adjicere ; subjicere ; adjungere
apponerc. ANNEXATION, s. Adjunctio ; additio; adjectio. Also by the verbs, as, nomine addendo, &c. I. The act of annexing. See ANNEXANNEXMENT. s. II. The thing annexed ; appendix; ailditaATION.
;

VII. To comply with; obedire ; obtemperare ; parerft. V III. To succeed, produce the desired event ; cedere ; To answer procedere ; succedere ; also, provenire. again (impudtntly) ; obloqui ; proterve respondere IX. To (railingly) regerere convicium in aliquem. appear to any call or summons ; apparere comparere ;
; ;

conspici; adesse echo; resonate.

prsesto esse

se sistere.

X. As an

mentum.

To ANNIHILATE, v. a. nihilum redigere ; delere

II. vertere; tollere. III. To annul; exstinguere; exstirpare ; tollere. abrogare ; antiquare ; rescindere ; abolere ; tollere. ANNIHILATION, s. Exstinctio ; deletio ; eversio ; sub-

I. To reduce to nothing; ad exstinguere ; evertere ; subTo destroy ; delere; abolere ;


;

That which is said in return to a To give an answer; question ; responsio ; responsum responsum dare, or reddere respondere. To receive an answer ; responsum ferre, or auferre. The answer to this is ; ad hfc respondetur, or respondeo. II. A cons. I.
;

ANSWER,

futation of a charge

contradictio

repugnatio.

a. I. To which a reply may be made; ad quod, respond! licet. II. Obliged to give an You account; cui res est praestanda, or defendenda.

ANSWERABLE,

cui, or

versio.

ANNIVERSARY,
one's birth
;

s.

Festum annuum
;

Anniversary of
;

dies natalis.
;

ANNIVERSARY, a. Annuus anniversarius solennis. ANNOTATION, s. Nota ; commentarius or, coinmentarium.

are answerable; tu debes rem praestare (defendere) tibi est res praestanda (defendenda). III. Correspondent; IV. Suitable; consentaneus pertinens ad rem. aptus ; conveniens ; accommodatus ; congruens ; congruus.
; ;

ANNOTATOR. s. Annotator, Plin. To ANNOUNCE, v. a. Annuntiare nuntiare


;

significare

ANT. s. Formica. ANT-BEAR, s. Ant-eater; ursus formicis vescens ; Myrmecophaga, Linn. ANT-HILL, s. Acervus formicinus acervus formicas
;

indicare

denuntiare.
v. a.
; ;

tegens.

Esse molestum ; esse molestiae molestiam afferre indignationem movere; stomachum lam anmovere ; ineommodan; laedere ; offendere noyed at a thing ; res est mini molestiae, &c ; or, aegre moleste fero rem indignor. fero rem I. The act of annoying ; laesio ; ANNOYANCE, s. II. That which annoys ; molesoffensio ; molestia. To suffer annoyance ; incommodum tia res molesta in inolestiis conflictari ; in molestiis esse, or versari rebus molestis versari affici molestiis. I. Tiiat comes every year ; annuus ; anANNUAL, a. II. That lasts only a niversarius ; solennis, Cic. year ; annuus, Cic. ANNUALLY, ad. Quotannis; singulis annis ; anno quoque. ANNUITY, s. Pecunia annua; stipendium annuum reditus ad vitam totam sustentandam constituti vectigalia N t;e sustentandae ad mortem usque destinata ; vectigalia ad finem usque vitae. I. To make void ; abrogare antiTo ANNUL, v. a. II. To reduce to quare rescindere ; abolere tollere. exstinguere ; nothing ; ad nihilum redigere ; delere
,
.

To ANNOY,

ANTAGONIST, ANTALGIC. a. ANTECEDENT,

s.

Adversarius ; inimicus Leniens dolorem.

hostis.

a.

Qui antecedit,
; prrevius ad. Ante
;

anteit,

praecedit,
;

praeit, prasgreditur

antecedens.
in antecessum

ANTECEDENTLY,
prius.

antea

To give an antepast ; imbuere aliquein prassensione rei. To enjoy an antijast ;


s.

ANTEPAST.

Praesensio.

frui,

or uti, praesensione rei

praesentire rem.
;

ANTHEM. 5. Carmen ecclesiasticum. ANTHONY'S FIRE. s. Erysipelas ignis


ANTIC,
a.

sacer.

ANTICHAMBER.

Jocularis ; ridi-ulus ; ludicer. s. Procceton, Plin. J. ; atrium, or

cubiculurc admissorium.
I. To take sooner or before To ANTICIPATE, v. a. the time ; anticapere ; antecapere ; praacipere ; ante ternII. To foretaste ; praesentire pus auferre, or accipere.

evertere

subvertere
a.

tollere, Cic.
;

ANNULAR,
orbiculatus.

Annuli formam habens

or, orbicularis,
;

ANNULET. *. i. e. A little ring ; annellus, Plaut. Hor. ANODYNE, a. Leniens dolorem anodynus, Cels. ANODYNE, s. Levamen; lenimen. (In medicine) medicamentum anodynum, or leniens dolorem. To ANOINT, v. a. Ungere iuungere linere oblinere
; ; ;
:

allinere

inconveniens (non conveniens, non consentaneus, non congruens) regulae, or regulis, praecepto, or praeceptis. ANOMALY, s. Enormitas. ANON, ad, I. Quickly, soon ; statim ; illico ; confestim ; extemplo ; e vestigio ; continue. II. Now and then ; interdum ; nonnunquam. ANONYMOUS, a. Sine, or carens, nomine. I. Not the same; alius ; non idem. ANOTHER, a. II. One more, any other ; alter ; e. g. unus (alter) alterum odit. If the reference be to more than two, or to two indefinite persons or things, then it is to be rendered III. Not one's self ; by alius ; e. g. alius alium odit. alius. IV. Widely different; alius; diversus. V. One with One after another; invicern ; alternis vicibus. At another time or place ; alias. another; promiscue. To another place ; aliorsum, or aliorsus. Another man's ; alienus. Another way ; aliorsum ; alio modo. To ANSWER, v. n. I. To speak in return to a question ; respondere ; responsum dare, or reddere To write in return to a question ; rescribere ; respondere N. B. To whom f is perliteras, or simply, respondere. To expressed by the dative ; e. g. respondere alicui. what? by ad, or a dative: e.g. respondere criminibus, or ad crimina ; also, epistolae, or ad epistolam. But if there be already a dative of the person, a second dative must not be used, but ad ; e. g. respondere alicui ad quner a. or ad epistolam, or epistolae alicujus. II. Tospeak in opposition ; obloqui; contradicere. III. To be acTo or c:>Kn!ablcfor ; spondere ; fidejubere ^ praestare. for a thing or person ; praestare rem, or de re ; aliquein, or de aliquo homine. Spondeo and prtesto are found also with an accusative and infinitive ; e. g. praestiti (spopondi) virum esse soluturum. Pro aliquo prasdem (or vadem) se sistere. IV. To vindicate; d^fendere verbis (or, where thn word mav be understood, without verbis) ; excusare ; V. To correspond to, suit with ; respondere ; purgare. convenire ; congruere ; esseconsentaneum, &c. VI. To stand as opposite or correlative. ; referri ad aliquid (ad aliquem) ; or, conjunctum esse relatione cum aliquo.
;
;
I; i

ANOMALOUS,

illinere ; illinire. Abnormis a.

enormis

or uti, praesensione rei. III. To preclude; praevertere ; antevertere ; antevenire. Nugas ; ineptiae ; gestus ridiculi. Antidptum ; yeneni remedium ; alexipharmacon, Plin. antidotus, i, f., Cell. ANTIMONY, s. Stibi ; stibium ; stimmi (with the ancients) ; antimonium (with the moderns). ANTIPATHY, s. I. (Between things) ; adversans et repugnans natura, Cic. ; repugnantia, Plin Things which have an antipathy to each other ; quae inter se dissident ; quibus sunt bella quaedam, Plin. II. (Between III. (Between persons); animorum disjunctio, Cic. animals) ; bellum ; e. g. naturale bellum est milvo cum corvo, Cic. Studiosus (peritus) ANTIQUARY, ANTIQUARIAN, s. rerum antiquarum, or antiquitatis. Antiquarius occurs, Suet. Aug. 86. Cicero says, antiquitatis diligentissimus investigator. Gellius has, antiquitatis multaa peritus. I. Ancient ; vetus ; antiquus ; priscus ; ANTIQUE, a. vetustus ; Cic. II. Of old fashion; vetus; antiquus; obsoletus. ANTIQUE, s. Opus antiquum, or priscum ; opus ex antiquitate reliquum. I. Old times; ANTIQUITY, s. antiquitas ; tempora II. The ancients ; veteres ; antiqui ; antiqua, or prisca. III. Remain of old times ; opus prisci ; antiquitas. antiquum, or priscum ; opus ex antiquitate reliquum To study antiquities ; in antiquis artium monumentis curiosius immorari. ANTITHESIS, s. Antitheton, Cic. ; antithesis, Quint. To make antitheses ; antitheta librare, Pers. ANTLER, s. Ramus. (If taken for the whole horn) cornu cervinum, or cervi. ANVIL, s. Incus, udis. I. Solicitude ; pavor ; angor ; trepidaANXIETY, s. tio. II. Lowness of spirits; demissio animi ; animus abjectus, or demissus. ANXIOUS, a. I. Solicitous ; plenus pavoris ; paviII. Full of dus ; pavens ; trepidus ; anxius ; solicitus. inquietude; afih'ctus ; demissus; abjectus. ANXIOUSLY, ad. Anxie ; pavide ; animo demisso, abjecto, or ;ilHicto ; abjecte ; demisse.
;

rem

frui,

praevenire

ANTICS,

s. pi. ANTIDOTE, s.

ANY. a. I. Whoever, whatever; aliquis ; quispiam ; quilibet ; quisquam ; quis. If any one believes ; si aliDoes any one believe ? num quis quis, or si quis, credit credit ? ecquis credit ? / have not any one to send ; nen habeo quern mittam. II. (Used in opposition to none); ullus ; aliquis ; quis; e.g. Any good; ^liquid Nonnihil boni Is any one her ef num quisadest? III. is sometimes used for aliquid. Any further; how ; diutius. ulterius ; amplius. Any A^.y longer ; alicubi ; ubivis ; where modo. ;
quoquo

Am/

usquam
;

ubilibet

uspiam.
;

'Any whither
;

qtiopiam

uspiam.

At any time

unquam

quandocunque.

APACE
; ;

APPEARANCE
;

III. To exhibit one's self before a APACE, ad. Celeriter ; cito ; velociter propere. To spectum venire. comparere ; conspici ; judge or a court ; apparere go apace ; lestinare ; properare. adesse ; praesto esse ; se sistere. Or, if the case be so, APART, ad. I. Separately ; seorsum (not seorsim) This adverb is often expressed by the use of vadimomum obire ; ad vadimonium venire, or occurrere. separatirn. IV. To become clear by evidence ; clarum, or mania verb compounded with se, or di, dis e. g. sedncere ; It appears; ccnstat ; II. At a festum, fieri ; patere; apparere seponere ; sevocare ; divellere discindere. videtur. V. To seem (in opposition distance ; longe ; procul. patet liquet VI. To be plain, or indubitable ; APARTMENT, s. Conclave ; diseta ; cubiculum ; tha- to reality) videri. lamus. apparere patere ; esse apertum, or manifestum. I. The act of coming into APPEARANCE, s. APATHY. *. Inopia sensus ; torpor ; stupor. sight ; adventus prassentia. Also by the ablative absolute ; e. g. APE. s. I. A kind of monkeys simia; simius. Luna visa (conspecta) ; On the appearance of. According II. An imitators simia. in speciem ; per speciem to appearance; At first To APE. v. a. Affectari ; putide aemulari. specie To have the appearance of APERIENT, a. (Medicine) ; medicamentum purgati- appearance ; prima specie. a thing; habere speciem rei To assume the appearance vum ; depurgativum depurgatorium. II. The thing seen ; visum ; If equivalent to hiatus. APERTURE, s. of; speciem induere. Apertura III. Semblance (not reality) ; vana species. Mouth ; os also, orificium, Macrob. and Apul. If the species. V. AppariIV. Outside, show; species; forma. same as Cleft or chink; rima. If the same as Air or venttion; spectrum ; larva ; visum ; phantasma ; portentum ; hole; spiraculum. VI. Exhibition of the person to a court ; APHORISM. 5. Sententia preeceptiva ; dogma prascep- ostentum. To make one's appearance ; se sistere, &c. tivum placitum dogma ; sententia. apparitio. See To APPEAR, III. VII. Presence, mien; species; APIARY, s. Apiarium ; alvearium. VIII. Probability, likelihood; APIECE, ad. Singuli. This must often be expressed forma; vultus; facies. verisimilitudo e. dedi iis binos the numerals distributive libros, ; probabilitas, Cic. g. by To APPEASE, v. a. Placare ; lenire ; tranquillare ; i. e. Two books apiece. I. Imitative; qui temere imitatur, or APISH, a. tranquillum reddere ; compescere : comprimere sedare ; To appease one's wrath ; iram alicuII, Silly, affected; affectatus ; putidus ; inpacare ; mulcere. sequitur. To appease by sacrifice; jus coercere, placare, or sedare eptus. cormeumtrelitare APITPAT. ad. heart ; expiare goes apitpat ; placare ; propitiare propitium reddere, My or etficere. To be appeased ; placari ; mitescere ; depidat. APOLOGETIC, -CAL. a. Defensionem continens ; or, ad saevire demitigari. defensionem pertinens. (Apologeticus, Tertull.) APPELLANT, s. Provocans; appellans. APOLOGIST, s. Defensor ; tutor patronus. APPELLATE. *. Is, contra quern provocatum est ad APOLOGISE, v. n. Defendere ; defensare ; tueri; tu- judicem superiorem ; (usually rendered appellatus). tari APPELLEE, s. Reus; accusatus. also, propugnare pro homine, or re. APOLOGUE, s. Fabula; fabella; apologus ; carmen To APPEND, v. a. I. To hang any thing upon another; pendere ad. Appendere seems not to occur in praecepta continens carmen praeceptivum. APOLOGY, s. Defeusio purgatio ; apologia, (Apu- this sense. We may say, suspendendo adjungere, or simleius). also, facere, ply, suspendere ; e. g. arbori, or in arbore APOPHTHEGM, s. Sententia scita ; or, simply, sententia ; ut pendeat a re. II. To add to something as accessory; dictum ; apophthegma. addere ; adjicere ; subjicere ; subjungere. APOPLECTICAL, APOPLECTIC, a. APPENDAGE, APPENDIX, s. Appendix ; additamenApoplecticus ; apotum. A small or trifling appendage ; appendicula. plexia correptus, or affectus. APOPLEXY. 5. Apoplexia To be seized with apoTo APPERTAIN, v. n. \. To belong to as of right ; esse proprium alicujus ; esse alicujus. II. To belong plexy apoplexia corripi, or affici. APOSTASY, s. Defectio. to by nature ; conjunctum esse attingere ; pertinere; APOSTATE, s. Defector qui defecit ; e. g. Julian the spectare ; attinere. III. It apperlaineth (as of expeApostate; Julianus qui defecerat (desciverat) a Chris- diency) interest ; refert. tianis sacris APPETENCY, s. Appetitus ; appetentia. With or withor, qui Christiana sacra reliquerat. Apostata was sometimes used. out a genitive of the thing. To APOSTATISE, v. n. Deficere, desciscere a. APPETITE, s. I. Natural desire ; appetitus appeThe appetites; APOSTEME, APOSTHUME. s. Ukus ; also, apostema ; ab- tentia; desiderium cupiditas ; aviditas scessus. An aposteme forms; ulcus fit, oritur, con- (pi.) cupiditates ; appetitus Master of one's appetite ; flatur. To have an appepotens cupiditatum ; moderatus, &c. APOSTLE, s. Apostolus The Acts of the Apostles ; tite after; appetere, cupere, desiderare aliquid; desiActa Apostolorum or, res gestaa Apostolorum. derio alicujus rei teneri. II. Hunger; appetitus cibi, APOSTLESHIP. s. Provincia (munus) apostoli munus or edendi. To have an appetite ; cibi esse cupidum, or To have no appedesiderio teneri cibum appetere. apostolicum or, apostolatus (as consulatus). APOSTOLICAL, APOSTOLIC, a. Apostolicus or, apos- tite; cibi non esse cupidum also, fastidio cibi teneri. tolo (apostolis) dignus, conveniens, when the word is To ere ate an appetite $ appetitum cibi facere, creare, gigused in this sense. nere. To satisfy the appetite ; appetitum sedare To APOSTROPHE, s. Appellatio ; allocutio ; alloquium destroy the appetite ; appetitum abigere, auferre ; or, fassermonis ad aliquem conversio. tidium creare. To APOSTROPHISE, v. a. Appellare ; alloqui ; affari ; To APPLAUD, v. a. Laudare, collaudare aliquem ; sermonem ad aliquem convertere. afficere aliquem laude laudem tribuere plaudere apAPOTHECARY, s. Pharmacopeia The art of an apo- plaudere ; admurmurare ; aliquem plausu prosequi, or thecary ; ars pharmaceutica Apothecaries' weight ; laudibus efferre. APPLAUSE, s. Laus if expressed by clapping of hands, pondus pharmaceuticum. To APPAL, v. a. Terrere perterrere ; perterrefacere &c., plausus. exterrere territare ; terrorem alicui incutere (inficere). APPLE, s. I. The fruit of the apple-tree; malum ; APPARATUS, s. Apparatus ; apparatio copia. pomum Apple-core ; volva pomi involucrum granoAPPAREL, s. Vestitus ; vestimentum habitus. In rum. Apple-tree ; malus (fern.) ; Pirus malus, Linn. mourning apparel; pullatus ; pullo vestito indutus ; lu- Apple-woman ; negotiatrix pomaria (or pomorum). II. The pupil of the eye ; pupula gubri habitu vestitus. pupilla also, acies. To APPAREL, v. n. Induere alicui vestem, or aliquem APPLICABLE, a. Quod applicari, accommodari, potest
: ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
,-

veste

vestire aliquem.
; ;

alicui rei.

ploratus
bilis

APPARENT, a. I. Plain, indubitable; certus ex; baud dubius evidens ; manifestus. II. Seem;

ing; speeiosus

simulatus.

may

III.

Visible;

aspecta-

; conspicuus ; oculis (visui) expositus ; visui (oculis) An heir apparent; cui jus est proxipatens ; visibilis. ad haereditatem To make apparent ; patefacere ;

mum
festo

It I. The act of applying ; usus. APPLICATION, s. often be rendered by the verbs impendo, utor, adhiII. The thing applied ; res adhibita. beo, colloco. III. A petition; petitio ; preces. IV. Close study or attention ; industria ; assiduitas ; studium ; diligentia ; cura.

demonstrare
;

ostendere.
ad.
II.
s.

APPARENTLY,
aperte.

I.

Evidently
;

evidenter

mani-

applicare
tion; se

Openly
I.
;

ape'rte.

APPARITION,
II.

spectre;

Appearance; visum ; species. spectrum larva ; visum; phantasma;


;

portentum ; ostentum. APPARITOR, s. Apparitor viator. To APPEAL, v. n. Provocare ad aliquem appellare aliquem (in Cicero). (In later times) appellare ad aliquem. APPEAL, s. Provpcatio ad aliquem ; appellatio, with a genitive ; e. g. regis, to the king. To APPEAR, v n. I. To be visible ; apparere conesse expospici ; esse adspectabilem ; esse conspicuum situm oculis (visui). II. To become visible; in con;
.

v. a. I. To lay one thing to another ,To apply one's attenadjungere annectere. ad aliquid applicare, appellere ; rei alicui operam dare. II. To make use of; impendere rem, in rem, or rei ; adhibere rem, ad rem, or rei collocare rem in re ; uti re in re. III. To have recourse to ; se conferre ; se convertere ad aliquem To apply to any one as a
; ; ;

To APPLY,

petitioner

Convenire ; congruere. I. To fix any thing ; constituere; destinare ; definire ; finire. II. To settle by compactor To decree; e.g. to appoint a time; diem dicere. appoint any one consul ; dicere aliquem consulem. By law; lege prasscribere, statuere, dicere. APPOINTMENT, s. I. Stipulation ; constitutio ; pac-

To APPLY, v. n. To APPOINT, v. a.

adire aliquem.

14

APPORTION
tio
; condictio ; by the verbs According to appointerat ; ut compositum ; erat ; ex pacto ; composite; ex composite. II. Order, direction ; imperium ; jussum ; jussus ; praeceptum.

APTITUDE
\
'.

also

ment ; ut convenerat ut condictum

III. Equipment, furniture; ornatus; apparatus: (if warIV. An allike) ; arma armatura ornatus militaris. lowance paid to any one ; stipendium ; or, merces. To APPORTION, v. n. Partiri ; dividere. APPOSITE, a. Aptus ; idoneus ; accommodatus ; con; ;

yeniens ; congruus. To APPRAISE, v. a.


statuere.

JEstimare

pretium imponere, or

II. Disposition to anything; indoles ; inclinatio proTo express an aptitude for any thing ; propenpensio sum esse ad rem ; inclinari ad rem. III. Readiness (J'or doing any thing) ; facultas. APTLY, ad. I. Fitly, pertinently ; convenienter ; II. Readily, apte ; congruenter ; digne. acutely; prompte ; acute ; sagaciter.
;

cy pronus ; propensus proclivis inclinatus Not apt; non propensus, &c. ; alienus a re ; alienus re abhorrens a re. III. Heady, quick ; paratus promptus. APTITUDE, s. I. Fitness; convenientia; aptum.
; ; ; ;

to ;

APPRAISER,
stitutus.

s.

^Estimator
v. a.

(Sworn) ; jurejurando con-

APTNESS, AQUATIC,

s.

a.

See APTITUDE. Aquosus aquaticus


;

aquatilis.

; capere apprehendere ; comprehendere ; arripere. for trial or punishment ; in III. To conceive by custodiam dare ; comprehendere.
;

To APPRECIATE, To APPREHEND,
;

v. a.

^Estimare. I. To lay hold on

AQUEDUCT, s. Aquseductus. AQUEOUS, a. Aquosus.


AQUILINE,
a.

Arcuatus
Arabilis,

aduncus.
;

prehendere
II.

ARABLE,
or idoneus.

a.

Plin.
;

(ager) culture habilis,


;

To

seize in order
;

the

mind; capere
'

intelligere
;

assequi

perspicere.
'

IV. To fear ; vereri timere , metuere, rem. If it be tollowed by that,' the Latin verbs take ne ; by that not,' the Latin has ne non, or ut e. g. vereor, ne pater venturus sit; That my father will come : vereor ne non Bcribendo te expleam That I shall, Cic. We find also an accusative with an infinitive; e. g. after timeo, Liv. 10.
:

ARBITRARILY, ad. Libere voluntate ad arbitnum ; prout libet. ARBITRARY, a. Arbitrarius, Cell. ; liber ; voluntarius. To ARBITRATE, v. a. v. n. Decernere judicare dijudicare decidere rem, or de re controversiam decidere, or dirimere To commit an affair to arbitration ; rem
;
;

arbitrorum judicio permittere

arbitro (or arbitris)


;

rem

36.

judicandam permittere. ARBITRATION, s. Arbitrium


;

dijudicatio

things ; notio

I. The mere contemplation of verb re judicanda (dijudicanda, decernenda). APPREHENSION, s. ARBITRATOR, s. Arbiter. comprehensio rei ; intelligentia ; also, in;

or by a

Opinion, sentiment ; sententia ; III. The faculty by which we existimatio; opinio. conceive new ideas ; captus ; ingenium ; intelligentia Of quick apprehension; ingenii acris; acerrimus ; subtilis; IV. Fear; timor, metus, rei, or sagax ; perspicax. a re ; followed also by ne, that or lest ; ne non, or ut, V. Suspicion; suspicio. that not. To be an apprenAPPRENTICE, s. Discipulus ; tiro.
tellectus, Quint.
II.

tice to

Tradere aliquem alicui in disciplinam tradere aliquem in disciplinam alicujus ; tradere alicui aliquem erudiendum. APPRENTICESHIP, s. Tirocinium. To APPRIZE, v. a. Certiorem facere aliquem de re
v. a.
;

To APPRENTICE,

any one

esse in alicujus disciplina.

ARBOUR. 5. Umbraculum casa frondea. ARCADE, s. Ambulatio arcuata and perhaps, xystus. ARCH. s. Camera (camara) fornix testudo-; arcus. ARCH. a. Vafer subtilis callidus astutus. To ARCH. v. a. Camerare concamerare fornicare ; instruere rem fornice (or camera) An arched roof; camera fornicata. ARCHANGEL, s. Archangelus, Tertull. or Angelus
;

primarius.

I. To draw near; appropinv.n. quare prope accedere propius accedere ; adire. s II. To have a natural affinity or resemblance ; similem esse ; prope accedere ad rem ; conjunctum esse cum. To APPROACH, v. a Prope apponere (alicui) ponere prope (aliquem). I. The act of drawing near ; approAPPROACH, s. At the approach of e. g. pinquatio ; also by the verb II. Access ; aditus ; death; appropinquante morte. See ACCESS. accessus. APPROACHABLE, a. Qui adiri potest quern adire licet ; To be approachpatens. (Tertullian says, accessibilis.)
; ; ; ; ;

aliqua

To APPROACH,

significare, nuntiare alicui.

ARCHBISHOP, s. Archiepiscopus. ARCHDEACON, s. Archidiaconus. ARCHER, s. Sagittarius. ARCHERY, s. Sagittarum emissio. ARCHETYPE, s. Exemplum ; exemplar. ARCHITECT, s. Architectus ; architecton. ARCHITECTURE, s. Architecture ; architectonice,
Quintil.

tentrionalis.

ARCHITRAVE, s. Epistylium. ARCHIVES, s. Tabularium. Keeper of the archives ; praafectus tabularii, or tabulario. ARCHWISE, ad. Arcuatim ; in modum arcus. ARCTIC, a. Arcticus, Hygin. Astron. ; borealis ; sep-

ARDENCY, s. See ARDOUR. ARDOUR, s. I. Heat ; sestus calor fervor ardor. II. Heal of affection ; studium impetus animi ar'
; ; ;

dor; cupiditas.
molestus

able ; (of persons) ; aperire. APPROACHING, a. i.e.

adiri posse

(of places)

patefacere

APPROBATIONS.
assensus
II.
;

I.
;

at hand; instans. The act of approving ; assensio;


;

Near

ARDUOUS, a. I. Lofty, hard to climb ; pra>ceps prajruptus; arduus; celsus ; excelsus. II. Difficult* ; gravis ; operosus ; laboriosus.
AREA.
;

aliquid ; fensio ; propugnatio.

comprobatio rei. approbatio probatio rei The liking any thing; amor, studium, erga III. Support; tuitio : dealso, studium rei.

cere

v. a. Tribuere ; assignare ; addidedicare ; consecrare. a. Proprius ; conveniens ; accommodatus ; idoneus ; consentaneus ; dignus ; aptus. APPROPRIATENESS, s. Convenientia. APPROPRIATION, s. Assignatio ; addictio ; sacratio ;
;

To APPROPRIATE,
sacrare
;

disputare; certare conteudere.

s. Area planities superficies. ARGENT. Argenteus candidus. To ARGUE, v. n. I. To reason ; ratiocinari arsmmentari; concludere II. To dispute colligere.
; ;
;

dimicare;

disceptare

pugnare:

APPROPRIATE,

To ARGUE, v. a. I. Toprove by argument ; probare ; ostendere ; demonstrare ; docere ; firmare ; confirmare ; II. To charge with, as a crime ; arguere ; evincere. accusare ; incusare, insimulare, aliquem rei ; criminari aliquem de re, or aliquem fecisse, &c. ; dare alicui aliquid
crimini.

dedicatio

consecratio.
s.

APPROVAL,

Assensio
v. a.

assensus

probatio rei

ap-

probatio, comprobatio,

rei.
I.

To like, to be pleased with ; probare approbare ; comprobare amare ; amorem habere erga aiiquid or, habere aliquid in amore. II. To express liking ; laudare ; laudem tribuere probare ; assentire. III. To make or show to be worthy of approbation ; probare ostendere ; demonstrare docere ; confirmare. Of approved integrity ; spectatae fidei, or
; ; ; ; ; ;

To APPROVE,

ARGUMENT, s. I. A reason alleged ; argumentum ; ratio. II. The subject of a discourse or ; writing^; summa ; argumentum; epitome; or, res de III. Controversy ; qua agitur ; materia, or materies. contentio ; certamen ; controversia ; lis ; rixa. To hold an argument with one ; adversus aliquem disceptare ; verbis contendere, disceptare, disputare. ARGUMENTATION, s. Controversia ; contentio ; certamen ; disceptatio.
causa

integritatis.

To APPROXIMATE,
dere
;

ARGUMENTATIVE,
v.

a.

I.

Proving by argument;
;
;

n.

Appropinquare

prope acce;

To APPROXIMATE,
APPROXIMATION,
APRICOT,
s.

propius accedere.
v. a.

nere prope (aliquem).


s.

Prope apponere

(alicui)

po-

II. probans ; ostendens. Quarrelsome; pugnax contentiosus ; cupidus, or nimis cupidus, contentionis amans contentionis. ARID. a. Siccus ; aridus : torridus.

Appropinquatio.
;

Also by the

ARIDITY.

s.

Siccitas

ariditas.

ARIGHT, ad.

Recte
n.
I.

vere.

bus

Tomount upwards ; sursum ferri ; APRIL, s. Aprilis; or, mensis Aprilis. II. To get up as from The first of emicare ; surgere. sleep; lectum April ; Calendae Aprilis To make an April fool of one; relinquere e lecto surgere e lecto may be omitted when it is easily understood. III. To revive from death ; frustrari, or ludibrio habere ludificare Calendis ApriliPraecoquum
v.
;
:

Malum Persicum.

To ARISE,

or,

dis Aprilibus.

ablegare (mittere) aliquem aliquo frustra Calens.


;

APRON,
APT.
d-gnus
a.
;

cinctorium

Subligaculum ; subligare, or subligar ; praeventrale, Plin. ; semicinctium. I. Fit ; aptus ; conveniens ; accommodatus ;
;

IV. To proredire in vitam ; or, resurgere a morte. ceed or have its original ; exsistere ; apparere ; exoriri ; nasci ; proficisci ; originem trahere ; provenire ; oriri ; oboriri. Virgil says, sententia surgit ; A thought arises. I. A certain form of government; ARISTOCRACY.
optiniatum principatus
;

idoneus

consentaneus.

II.

Having a tenden-

penes optimates reipublicae ad-

ARISTOCRATICAL
minlstratio.
II.

ARREAR
composed ;
;

The persons of
a.

whom

it is

optimates.
optimatum partibus favens To be aristocratically inclined ; stare ab optimatum partibus ; optimatum viam tenere,
Cic.

ARISTOCRATICAL.

Ad optimates pertinens

Reliquum residuum. I. The act of arrest ; ARREST, s. comprehensio ; preII. The state of one who is arrested; custodia. hensio. To be under arrest; in custodia esse. To ARREST, v. a. I. To seize (as a bailiff) ; compres.
;

ARREAR.

ARITHMETICIAN,
arithmeticis, Cic.
:

Ratiocinator bonus

versatus in

calculator, Mart.

ARITHMETIC,
metica, orum,

s.

Ars numerandi, or supputandi


;

n. pi.

tice, es, f., Plin. libellus, arithmeticus.

; aritharithraetica, ae, f., Sen.; arithmetreatise on Arithmetic; liber, or

hendere ; manum alicui, or in aliquem, injicere ; in custodiam, carcerem, vine ula, dare, ducere, mittere (Asa dicam alicui impingere ; aliquem in jus vocare. plaintiff) II. To stop, withhold; inhibere; prohibere; cohibere. ARRIVAL, s. Adventus At my arrival, thy arrival; At his arrival, he said; adveniens me, te, adveniente.
;

ARK.
navis
;

s.

I.

chest;

area;

cista.

II.

(cum
ship;

To

advenisset) dicebat.

ARRIVE,
;

v. n.
;

navigium.
*.
I.
:

venire
cari.

afferri
II.

(Of the body); brachium properly, the lower part of the arm is brachium; the upper part, lacertus. A little arm ; brachiolum. II. ( Of a tree); ramus brachium. III. (Of the sea) sinus ; fretum. IV. Fig. (Of a river) brachium, Liv. ; cornu. The temporal Power, might; potestas; vires; manus arm ; potestas civilis. The spiritual arm ; potestas V. Arm-chair ; sella cum ecclesiastica, ecclesise. brachiis ; sella brachiata To clasp in one's arms ; amlecti ; ulnis tenere. To ARM. To furnish with armour or weapons ; armare armis instruere ; tela suppeditare.
; ; ; ;

ARM.

I. To come to or reach ; advenire ; advehi (of a ship) ; appelli ; appli-

To happen ; accidere ; evenire; contingere. ARROGANCY. s. Superbia; fastus; arrogantia. ARROGANT, a. Superbus inflatus arrogans. To ARROGATE, v. a. Sibi assumere, sumere, tribuere,
;
;

arrogare, vindicare aliquid. ARROW, s. Sagitta; sometimes, telum, calamus.

An

IL A trade to be learnt iugenuae, liberales, honestae. or practised according to rules of art ; ars ; artificium tus. II. The mechanical arts ; artes sordida;, humiles, or vulgares. To ARM. v. n. I. A Master of Arts ; Artium Magister ; magistri artium put on arms ; se armare ; se armis instruere ; arma induere. II. To arm one's self laurea donatus: To commence; gradum magistri in artibus capessere. III. (As distinguished from nature)^ against. 1 To beware of; cavere. 2. To prepare for ; se ad aliquid sugtinendum parare, or accingere. manus e. g. A place fortified both by nature and art ; III. To take up arms ; bellum adornare, parare, apparare. locus et manu et natura munitus or here, also, ars would ARMADA, s. Classis bellica ; classis. suit. IV. Artfulness; calliditas ; versutia; astutia ; astus. ARMADILLO. Armadillus ; or, Manis, Linn. V. An artful trick; dolus ; consilium ; or, ars ; ARMAMENT, s. Apparatus bellicus. artificium. ARTERY, s. Arteria. The great artery ; arteria ARM-HOLE, ARM-PIT. Ala ; axilla. ARMISTICE, s. Induciae To conclude an armistice ; magna. Aorta seems not to have been used by Latin
Armed
'._;

arrow-head ; sagittaa ferramentum. ARSENAL, s. Armamentarium. ARSENIC, s. Arsenicum. ART. s. I. The power of doing something not taught The liberal arts; artes by nature; ars artificium.
;

jirmatus ; armis instructus, munitus, induTo furnish,^ up ; instruere ; armare.


I

facere inducias.

writers.
;

ARMORY.
armis.

Armamentarium
;

cella,
;

or locus, servandis
; ;

ARTFUL,

a.

I.

Performed with art ;


Prudentia

artificialis
;

ARMOUR. 5. Arma armatura cataphracta lorica thorax cataIn armour ; loricatus ; thoracatus A coat of armour ; phractus thorace (lorica) indutus.
; ;

arte effictus. versutus.

II.
s.

Cunning, skilful; callidus


;

astutus

ARTFULNESS,

peritia.

lorica.

II. A state of hostility; 111. The bellum; arma. ensigns armorial of a family ; insignia; or, if necessary, insignia gentilicia. ARMY. s. Exercitus ; copiaa ; milites. (On a march); agmen (in battle array) ; acies or, in either of these To lead an army ; cases, exercitus,or copiae, may be used To march an army ; exeragmen, or copias, ducere citum ducere, or promovere To raise an army ; milites conscribere ; exercitum colligere, comparare, conficere,
:

ARMS. *. I. Weapons (offensive and defensive) ; arma (qffentive) tela. By Bearing arms ; armiger. force of arms ; vi et armis To take up arms ; arma capere, or sumere ad arma confugere bellum adornare, To lay down arms ; arma ponere, parare, apparare. To call to arms ; conclamare ad arma. deponere.
:

ARTICHOKE, s. Cinara (some write cynara) : and, perhaps, cactos, andscolymus: also, carduus sativus. The Linnaean name is Cynara Scolymus. The eatable part of this plant is called fundus esculentus, or caro, cinarae j
the rest, caulis.

ARTICLE, s. I. The part of speech so called; articulus ; or articulus, vulgo sic dictus ; or, articulus praepositivus i or vocula, quae praeponi solet nominjbus substantivis ad II. A single clause; membrum ; genera discernenda. III. Term, stipulation ; lex ; conditio; pars; caput. Articulus is frequently used in this sense. caput. Articles of war ; leges militares Articles of peace; To enter into articles with any leges, conditiones, pacis IV. A point of time; exact one; cum aliquo pacisci. time; punctum temporis ; articulus temporis, Plin. ARTICULATE, a. i. e. Distinct ; clarus ; liquidus; limpidus.

conflare.

To

ARTICULATE,

v. a. i. e.

To form words
;

distinctly ;

AROMATIC, a. Aromaticus. AROMATICALLY. a. Aromatice (seems not to occur) ; more aromatum ; in modum aromatum. AROMATICS. s. Aromata, pi. AROUND, ad. Circa circumcirca circum undique. The English word is often expressed by circum, in com; ; ;

clare efferre, pronuntiare, or eloqui verba

also, expri; ;

mere. ARTICULATION.
articulus. enuntiatio.
II.
s.

5. I. The juncture qf bones ; artus The act offorming words; pronuntiatio

ARTIFICE,

Ars

artificium.

position.

To AROUSE, v. a. I. To awake from sleep ; expergefacere ; excitare e somno ; suscitare e somno ; also simply, II. To excitare, suscitare, when the idea is clear. excite ; incitare ; excitare ; acuere ; suscitare. To ARRAIGN, v. a. I. To set in order ; ordinare ; disII. To accuse ; nomen alicujus ponere ; constituere. deferre ; in jus vocare ; accusare aliquem ; criminis reum agere, or postulare. ARRAIGNMENT, s. Accusatio ; delatio nominis ; actio.
To ARRANGE,
;

AROUND, prep.

Circa

circum.

ARTIFICER, s. 1. An artist; artifex ; opifex ; effector ; II. A contriver ; inventor; fabricator; architectus. reporter ; also, auctor. I. Made by art; artificialis; arte ARTIFICIAL, a.
effectus
fictus
;

artificiosus

affabre factus.

II.

Fictitious ;

commenticius.

ARTILLERY. 5. Tormenta, pi.; res tprmentaria ; res ad tormenta pertinens. Artillery-carriage ; vehiculum tormentarium, or rei tormentariae serviens Artilleryman ; minister rei tormentariae (rei ad tormenta pertinentis) Artillery-horse; equus tormentis vehendis;
tormentarius perhaps does not occur. ARTISAN. Opifex ; effector ; fabricator ; architectus. ARTIST, s. Artifex ; opifex ; effector ; fabricator. I. Without art ; expersartis; simplex. ARTLESS, a. II Voidof fraud; apertus; ingenuus ; simplex. ARTLESSLY, ad. Sine arte. Ingenue ; caodide ; Cic. I. In the same manner with something As. corij.
else ;
~;c.
;

stituere

in
;

ARRANGEMENT,
ordinatio

put in order

; ordo ; series. a. May be expressed by summus, or the sue. g. summus fur, summus impostor, &c.; degree perlative nequissimus : or by dux ; e. g. dux furum ; or by tri, in composition ; e. g. trifur, trifurcifer, trivenefica, Plaut. ARRAS, s. Tapes ; tapete ; tapetum ; aulaaum. ARRAY, s. I. Dress; vestitus ; vestimentum ; habitus ; ordo dispositio. II. Order of battle ; acies To draw up in battle array ; aciem, exercitus, milites, instruere. To march in battle array ; ordine incedere, proficisci, or iter facere. To ARRAY, v. a. I. To put in order ; ordinare ; dis-

v. a. Ordinare ; disponere ; conordinem redigere. I. The act of putting in s. order; II. The state of being dispositio ; digestio.

ARRANT,

quemadmodum
II.

tanquam.

In
;

also, instar

sicuti ; uti ; velut ; veluti ; ; sicut ; the manner tf/at ; quemadmodum, in modum; modo (ablat.) ; ritu ;

us rsons or animals, more ; (these two last rarely of things without life) ; all with a genitive ; e. g. instar nivis ; instar (ritu, more) patris. Also, pro e. g. pro cane habere : gerere se pro rege ; habere pro nihilo. The English particle may often be expressed by the use of

more

ponere;

constit'iere

in ordinem redigere.
;

II.

To
|

dress; induere vestem alicui, or aliquem veste a'iquem.

vestire

As -. a boy a fool; stulte. a c.^.^,.. Latin adverb U,^M ,,. stolide, ~, ,~ .~j ; e. g. e As a; III. (In a reciprocal sense, following so, as, pueriliter. orthelike);ut, uti, after ita, sic :e.g. vivit ita (sic) ut(uti) ego ; or, ut ego vivo, sic (ita) ille vivit. Quam after tarn
.

ASCEND
usually joined with an adjective or adverb e. if. turn doctus quam tu ; tarn pulchre quam tu. Ac, aft aeque ; par ; pariter ; similiter ; juxta ; item ; porindi e. g. aeque doctus ac tu ; asque pulchre ac tu ; no hand, or nihilo minus, quam. Or, As may be expresse by quam with a superlative adverb ; or by qui maximu N.B. Be so good, quantus or by ut with a superlative. to hear ; sis tarn benignus, ut audias. He was so foolish c to believe it ; erat tarn stultus, ut crederet. IV. Acco. ac ; also,ut ; uti ; sicut ; s ing to what , prout ; pro eo cuti velut ; quemadmodum ; perinde ut ; perinde atque proinde proinde ac ; e. g. pro eo acdebui ; prout deb ut debui. V. While, at the same time that ; ut ; ubi N.B. Ubi and ut take the indicative cum, or quum. Cum takes the conjunctive in the imperi'ectand plusquam This may b perfect, but the indicative in other tenses rendered also by the use of a participle e. g. As father aicd, he said ; pater moriens dicebat. As my fath was dying they came ; pater moriente veniebant. Fo rules respecting this use of the participle, look under th word WHEN." VI. Because that ; propterea quod VII. As being ; ut ; quippe utpote e. g. As one wh knew ; utqui, or quippe qui, sciebat. VIII. Answerin to Like, or same ; ac, or atque, after aeque, similis ; simili N.B. Qui, quae, quod, is fre ter; par, &c. See III. quently used after isdem, eadem, and that in the sam case ; unless, in the clause to which as belongs, ther be some verb which requires a different case ; e. g sumus iidem homines, qui vos (estis) ; legi eosden libros, quos tu (legis) ; utor iisdem hominibus, quibus t IX. Going before ' as in a comparative sense (uteris). ita sic ; followed by ut ; tarn, followed by quam. Both in Latin and English the former particle is frequentlj omitted. X. Answering to Such; frequently ex pressed by qui, quae, quod ; or qualis, e ; or by ut &c. XI. For example; ut ; or, verbi causa ; exempt XII. In this regard, in this respect ; qua. gratia. XIII. Howsoever; quantuscunque, or quantulus XIV. As if, as though; tanquam si; tan. cunque. quam ; quasi ; non secus ac si perinde ac si ; perindt quasi; ut si ; tanquam qui ; e. g. He speaks of the sub ject as though he. understood it; quasi (tanquam, tanHe laughs, as though he kaa quam si) intelligat euro heard of it ; ridet, quasi audiverit for in such a case the perfect conjunctive must follow the present. On tht other hand, He. laughed as though he knew it ; ridebat, quas rern sciret xs though he had heard of it; ridebat, quas rein audivisset. XV. As for, as to ; quod attinet ad ; de ; quatenus quantum quod ad ; ad As well as ; pariter ac ; aeque ac ; tam quam ut. As far as ; qua ; quantum usque ; usque ad ; usque eo As long as ; quamdiu ; tamdiu ; tantisper durn ; quoad; usque dum As much ; tantum. As many as ; quotquot ; totidem ;

ASII-WEDNESDAY
ASH- WEDNESDAY. s. Dies cinerum. ASHOUE. a. I. On shore ; in litore ; in ripa ; in tellure. II. To the shore ; ad litus ad ripam ; in terram. ASHY. a. See ASH-COLOURED. ASIDE, ad. Seorsum (not seorsim) separatim. The English word is often expressed in Latin by se, or re,
;

(which

is

'

To ASK. v. a. I. To petition ; petere rem ab aliquo ; rogare, or orare, aliquem aliquid ; or with ut, that To ask earnestly ; flagitare ; efflagitare ; exposcere etiara II. To claim; repetere, reatque etiam rogare. poscere, exigere, flagitare, efflagitare, rem ab aliquo, or aliquem aliquid. III. To inquire; inter rogare aliquem ; quaarere ex aliquo ; rogare, interrogare, IV. To require, as needful; quaerere, aliquid. poscere ; postulare ; desiderare ; requirere. Also by opus esse ; e. g, ad hanc rem opus est magna arte. Ex obliquo ; ASKANCE, ASKAUNC ASKAUNTE. ad. oblique ; ex transverse. ASKEW, a. Limus ; obliquus. To look askaunce or askew ; limis, or obliquis, oculis aliquem intueri. ASLANT, ad. Oblique ; per declive.
;

in composition.

ASLEEP, a. Dormiens sopitus somno oppressus To fall asleep ; dormitare. To be asleep ; dormire. To be fast asleep ; alte dormire. To lull asleep ; con; ;

sopere

soporare
s.

somnum
;

alicui afferre, inducere.

'

I. Look, appearance ; vultus ; fades j II. species ; forma. Glance, act of beholding; asIII. Relation; respectus. IV. Disposition pectus. of a planet to other planets ; siderum positus ; sideratio.

ASLOPE, ad. ASP, ASPIC, ASPECT, s.

Oblique
Aspis.

in obliqumn.

ASPEN,

s.

Populus
;

tremula, Linn.

or,

Lybica, Plin. H. N.

Populus

spargere, spergere, conspergere, aliquem, or aliquid, aliqua re. II. To calumniate ; falso criminari ; detrahere de
licujus fama ; sermonibus falsis laedere famam alicujus ; / also, obtrectari alicui. aspersed; fama mea asditur sermonibus falsis ; detrahitur de raea fama ;

ASPEN, a. Populeus populneus. ASPERITY, s. Asperitas. To ASPERSE, v. a. I. To besprinkle;

am

)btrectatur mihi.

ASPERSION,

s.

I.

Sprinklings

sparsio
II.

aspersjo

onspersio. Also by the verbs. ninatio falsa ; obtrectatio. Also

Calumny ;

cri-

by the verbs.

ASPIRATE, s. Spiritus asper. To ASPIRATE, v. n. Aspirare; Quint.; Cell. ASPIRATION, s. I. An ardent wish ; desiclerium; tudium. II. Pronunciation of a vowel wiih full
reath
are
4

As often as; quotiescunque totiesAs soon as ; cum primum ubi; cum ut simul ut simul atque As yet ; adhuc Not yet; necdum. To ASCEND, v. n. Sursum ferri emicare surgere.
quodcunque.
;

quoties simul ac

ASPIRE TO or AFTER, v.n. Appetere rem; affecstudere rei ambire rem. Ass. s. I. An animal of burden ; asinus asellus The foal of an ass ; pullus she-ass; asina; asella

To

aspiratio
;

Cic.
;

Quint.

rem

sininus.I.

little

ass

A
;

&sel\us.Awild ass; onager.


;

dolt,

stupid fellow
v. a.
;

asinus

stultus

fatuus

in-

To ASCEND,
;

ptus.

v. a.

Ascendere

escendere

conscendere

To

ASSAIL,
adoriri

scandere.
a. I. Height, elevation; altitude ; subcelsitudo ; altum ; summum. II. Superiority, influence; exccllentia; prastantia ; pracpositio, Cic. Fin.; To be in the asprior locus ; potior locus; principals cendant, or to have the ascendancy ; principatum tenere ; excellere ; prastare ; potiorem '(priorem, superiorem) esse; also, antecedere ; praecedere ; superare ; vincere.

redi

Invadere; imptignare; petere ; agoppugnare ; incurrere in ; impetum faAggressor, Pandect.


Sicarius.
v.
;

ASCENDANT,

ere

in.
s.

limitas

ASSAILANT,
ppugnator. ASSASSIN,
s.

or, aggredicns

To

ASSASSINATE,

More

sicarii

csedere; ex in-

diis percutere, interficere.

ASCENDANCY,

s.

See ASCENDANT,

II.

ASCENSION, s. Ascensio ; conscensio ; motus in altum ; nisus in altum Ascension to heaven; ascensus, ascensio, or abitus in ccelum. ASCENSION-DAY, s. Festum (or dies festus) ascensionis Christi in ccelum. ASCENT, s. I. Rise, the act of rising ; motus in altum ; nisus in altum ; ascensus. II. The way by which one rises ; ascensus ; via sursum ferens. To ASCERTAIN, v. a. I. To make certain; aliquid II. To fir; deconfirmare, certum facere, stabilire. rinire ; finire constituere. III. To make confident ; firmare ; confirmare. ASCETIC, s. Solitarius ; vitam solitariam degens (vivens, agens) or, more particularly, eremita ; anachoreta vitam solitariam in sylva dcgens (vivens, agens). To ASCRIBE, v. a. Ascribere; assignare ; inscribere ; trlbuere ; attribuere.
_ ; ; ;

ASSASSINATION, s. Caedes fraudulenta ; cffides furtiva, r ex insidiis. ASSASSINATOR, s. See ASSASSIN. ASSAULT, s. I. Storm; oppugnatio ; impetus II. Vioo take by assault; vi capere; expugnare. III. Attack; aggressio ; innce ; vis; violentia. ursus impugnatio oppugnatio petitio impetus. To ASSAULT, v.a. (A person) invadere; impugnare;
J

incurrere in ; impetum facere (A place) ; oppupnare ; invadere ; aggredi ; adoriri. ASSAY, s. 1. Examination ; spectatio : exploratio ; II. First entrance obatio; examen ; examinatio. pan any thing ; periculum ; experientia ; experimenetere
.

aggredi

adoriri

tentamen

tentamentum.

I. To make trial of; To ASSAY, v. a. spectare ; II. To try, endea:plorare; probare ; examinare. ur ; tentare ; experiri ; periclitari ; periculum facere ; gredi ; rem tractare. ASSAYER. s. Spectator (or explorator) nummorum

ASH.

s.

Fraxinus.
; ;
;

ASHAMED, a. Pudore affectus pudibundus pudefactus. To be ashamed ; jnulor.e. aJCtJLcj erubesccre. To make ashamed ; pudore aliquem aificere pudorem alicui
;

incutere.

ASII-COLOURED. a. Cineraceus ; cinereus ; cinericius or, coloris cineracei ; habens colorem cineraceum. ASHEN, a. Fraxineus.
;

ASHES, s. Cinis also, favilla, of red-hot ashes. N.B. The ashes of the dead are always called cinis. To reduce to ashes ; in cinerem vertere, or dare. To be burnt or reduced to ashes ; in cinerem vcrti, or dclabi.

spectator nummarius. Collectus ; collectio (of things) cons. ; congressus ; congressio (of persons). To ASSEMBLE, v. a. Convocare ; congregare ; cogere ; nducere. To assemble the senate ; senatum cogere, nvocare. To ASSEMBLE, v. n. Se congregare ; congregari ; connire; coire. ASSEMBLY, s. Ccetus ; conventus ; conventio ; congresTo hold an assembly ; conventus agere, s ; congressio celebrare To dismiss an assembly; ccetum dimittere,
r

monetae)
;

AsstMBLAGE.
ntus

conventio

solvcre.

ASSENT
ASSENT,
s.

ASSUME
To gain assent;
as-

Assensus; assensio.

To

sensum

To give assent, i. e. to assent; ferre (auferre) Cicero has the phrase, adjungere assessionem animi ad rem, Cic. Acad. To ASSENT, v. n. Assentire, or assentiri, alicui ; consentire cum aliquo ; also, comprohare,.or probare,when it to approve ;' annuere, when it means to is the same as give one's assent to.'
' '

ASSUME, v. a. II. To arrogate;


;

I.

To take; sumere; accipere.


assumere, sumere, tribuere,

rrogare, aliquid.
troof ; fingere

sibi III.
;

To suppose a thing without

ponere

facere-

I. ASSUMPTION, s. The act of taking ; acceptio ; II. The supposition of any thing without umptio. urther proof ; sumptio ; positio. This may be convee. g. hac re ponenda hoc liently rendered by the verbs III. The thing supposed; fictum ; positio; ASSENTATION, s. Assentatio. posito. r use the verbs. I. To maintain, defend; defenTo ASSERT, v. a. I. Certain expectation ; certa spes ; ASSURANCE. *. dere; defensare ; tueri ; tutari ; also, propugnare; pro To create assurance ; spem alicui facere ; xspectatio nomine, pro re, and rem; contra aliquem, ab aliquo. or afferre ; excitare aliquem dare II. To affirm; tenere; affirmare; credere; putare ostendere, ; spem spem and id spem; erigere ad spem / have not the least asIII. To claim; vindicare ad se contendere. mihi nulla careo est spes ; nullam spem or surance vindicare vindicare ; ; spe simply, sibi; Fig.; aliquid simply, labeo nulla spes me tenet ; non spero ; despero. vindicare: affectare, se dignum judicare. III. Freedom from doubt ; securitas ; confisio ; fiducia; I. The act of ASSERTION, s. ; tuitio; deasserting II. The position adIV. Want of modesty ; fensio ; propugnatio ; affirmatio. fidentia; confidentia. A man of great assuranceimpuvanced ; sententia ; enuntiatio enuntiatum. dentia; inverecundia j imV. Freedom from To ASSESS, v. a. ^Estimare ; censere ; also, taxare, pudens ; homo perfrict frontis. VI. vicious shame; audacia ; fidentia; confidentia. Plin. H. N., and Sueton. ; alicui tributum, or stipendium, At a high rate ; magno; Ground of confidence; argumentum. VII. Insurimperare, imponere, indicere cautio de securiTo be ance re de nave low rate At a assessed; ; ; e.g. ; or, praestatio, ; parvo ; parvi. magui. aestimare ; also, venire in aestimationem. tas, de re. I. To give confidence by a firm To ASSURE, v. a. I. The act of assessing ; aestimatio. ASSESSMENT, s. mercibus Or by the verb ; e. g. aestimandis ; census. promise ; confirmare, affirmare, alicui, de re, or with ace. tributum. and infinit. confirII. To make confident; firmare II. The sum levied ; vectigal mare ; securum reddere To be assured ; audere ; non I. One who sits by the judges; assessor ASSESSOR, s. vereri. / assure you ; confirmo tibi. Be assured, II. He that lays taxes ; aestimator ; censor. judicii. or you may be assured of, &C. ; persuadeas tibi ; persuaASSETS, s. Bona relicta or simply, bona. III. To ASSEVER, ASSEVERATE, v. a. Confirmare, affir- sum habeas; sit tibi persuasum ; noli dubitare. mare, de re, or with an accusative and infinitive ; asse- To make secure ; cavere alicui de re ; e. g. de mercibus, IV. To affirm ; asserere asseverare ; affirde navi. ?erare. mare. ASSEVERATION, s. Affirmatio ; asseveratio. I. Certain, indubitable ; certus ; ASSURED, part. a. ASSIDUITY, s. Sedulitas ; gr.avitas ; assiduitas. II. Confident ; fidens ; conASSIDUOUS, a. Sedulus ; gnavus ; assiduus. exploratus ; naud dubius. fidens ; impavidus; intrepidus ; fortis ; audax. III. ASSIDUOUSLY, ad. Sedulo ; gnaviter ; assidue assiduo 1. To mark out, appoint; definire To ASSIGN. Certain, not doubting ; certus ; haud dubius ; fidens ; II confidens. IV. Immodest; inverecundus ; impudens ; finire constituere; dicere; destinare; indicere. To appoint (a deputy) ; constituere ; nominare ; desig- audax. III. To make over (property); assignare alicu ASSUREDLY, ad. Certo certe ; haud dubie. nare. Asteriscus. ASTERISK. rem ; or, instruere aliquem plena potestate rei plenam ASTHMA. *. Angustia spiritus ; asthma. potestatem rei dare alicui potestatem rei dare alici ASTHMATICAL, ASTHMATIC, a. Asthmaticus ; segre negotium dare alicui (money, in writing) ; pecuniam alicui perscribere. spiritum ducens ; homo (and often without homo) anAn appointment to meet; defi- gusti spiritus angustia spiritus laborans. I. ASSIGNATION. To ASTONISH, v. a. Perturbare ; confundere; percunitio constitutio or by a verb ; e. g. loco, tempore, de
:

j;

"

II. finiendo (dicendo, constituendo, finiendo). f making over a thing to another ; assignatio ; or, tributio in rei (of ; (datio) potestatis writing) perscriptio money, pecuniae. ASSIGNEE, s. Plena potestate instructus. To ASSIMILATE, v a. Aliquid simile reddere ; assimi lare ; ad similitudinem rei formare. ASSIMILATION. *. Assimilatio. But, as the word seem not to occur in this sense, it may be well to make use o the Latin verb. To ASSIST, v. a. Alicui succurrere, or opem, auxi lium, ferre ; subvenire alicui ; suppetias ferre ; opitulari auxiliari ; esse auxilio, or adjumento (all with the dative) aliquem adjuvare, or juvare. Juvare and adjuvare govern the accusative, and therefore have the entire passive To come to one' e. g. ego adjuvor, tu adjuvaris, &c assistance ; venire auxilio (subsidio) ; suppetias venire To send assistance ; mittere auxilia, subsidia, or sup To assist by one's presence ; adesse alicui. petias.
:
.

tere

percellere

stupefacere

obstupefacere.
:

ASTONISHMENT, s. Stupor ; perturbatio or by a parOut of ; e. g. In astonishment ; perturbatus, &c or through astonishment ; perturbatione motus ; or, perTo my astonishment ; cum rata perturbaturbatus, &c tione ; or, ad me perturbandum or, mirans ; admirans ; obstupescens ; me obstupescente, &c. To ttrike with astonishment; see To ASTONISH. To excite astonishment ;
ticiple
;

admirationem habere, movere, or inferre. To ASTOUND, v. a. See To ASTONISH. ASTRAY, ad. Errabundus; errans. To go astray ; To lead astray ; a recta via abducere. errare ; vagari. ASTRIDE, ad. Cruribus (tibiis) varicis, or varicatis. To ASTRINGE. v. a. Contrahere ; alvum, or ventrem, astringere, or comprimere. ASTROLOGER. 5. Astrologus. ASTROLOGICAL, a. Astrologicus. ASTROLOGICALLY. ad. Astrologice ; e regulis astrologiae (astrologicis).

ASSISTANCE, s. Auxilium ; praesidium adjumentum subsidium adjutorium, Quint. Sen. Suet. Macrobiu uses adjutus. us ; opis (only in the gen., ace., and ablat.) To render assist suppetiae (only in nom. and ace. ) ance ; see To ASSIST To seek assistance ; implorareali cujus auxilium ; petere ab aliquo auxilium. ASSISTANT. *. Adjutor ; auxiliator An assistant ir a school; hypodidascalus adjutor, Quint. I. An assembly of knights or other sub ASSIZE. *. ftantial men, with a justice, in a certain place, at a certair time; judicium; ad jus statis diebus dicendum conses
; ; ; ;
:

ASTROLOGY, s. Astrologia. ASTRONOMER, s. Astronomus (and, with the ancients


astrologus).

ASTRONOMICAL,
conveniens.

a.

Astronomicus

regulis astronomiae

; regulis astronomiae (astronomicis) convenienter ; e regulis astronomiae. ASTRONOMY, s. Astronomia (and, with the ancients,

ASTRONOMICALLY, ad.

Astronomice

astrologia).

comitia provincialia. To hold the assizes (as ; judge) ; jus pro tribunale dicere, or reddere ; juridicun do provincias obire. court ofjustice ; judicium \I--A III. Measure, rate curia judicialis ; locus judicii. praescriptum ; praeceptum. To ASSIZE, v. a. i.e. To fix the rate of any thing dicere ; constituere ; statuere. ASSIZER. s. May perhaps be rendered, magister nun dinarum ; magister rerum nundinalium. ASSOCIATE, s. Censors ; socius ; familiaris.
sus
n. Sociare, consociare, con comitari. I. Union ; consociatio ; con II. Partnership; societas; consortio. junctio. To ASSORT, v. a. In genera discernere, or distri
v.

ASUNDER, ad. especially those

compounded with

Usually expressed by the Latin verbs, di, dis :, e. g. To burst

asunder; rumpi; dirumpi. To bite asunder ; dentibus To cleave To saw asunder ; serra dividere rumpere asunder ; diffindere, &c. ASYLE, ASYLUM, s. Perfugium ; refugium ; receptus.
I. AT. prep. May commonly be expressed by ad. Denoting place ; ad, apud, in, &c. At the door ; ad, At, before names of towns apud, juxta, fores, i. e. near in the third declension or the plural number, is expressed by the ablative e.g. At Athens, at Carthage; Athenis ; Before names of towns in the first and Carthagine second declensions, singular number, by the genitive: At e. g. Lipsiae At my house ; apud me. Londini. To strike or aim at any one ; petere alihome; domi To snatch at any thing; petere quem ; e. g. gladio rem manibus ; apprehendere rem. At hand; praesto ; II. Denoting time prope. frequently expressed by in with an ablative, or by an ablative without in e. g. At such a time; in tali tempore; or, tali tempore. It is commonly omitted when an adjective, pronoun, or parti:

To

ASSOCIATE WITH.

jungere, se cum aliquo ASSOCIATION, s.

buere.

To ASSUAGE,
vare.

v. a.

Lenire

mitigare

mollire

le

To ASSUAGE,
minui
;

v.n. Seremittere; or simply, remittere

mitigari.

ATHEISM
At his arrival, I heard ; cum adyenisset, his death, he said; moriens, dicebat.
This may be exjoined with the substantive pressed also by the use of verbs, participles, and adjectives: e.g. At fits arrival, he said; adveniens, dicebat.
ciple
is

ATTEMPT
periculum facere
attack
;
; ;

invadere
s.
;

ATTEMPT,
experientia

aggredi ; rem tractare. petere ; aggredi ; adoriri.


1.

II.

To

An

essay,
;

At audiebam At his death, I

came ; moriente
;

illo,

&c
;

To

sub may often be used supper ; inter coenam ;

e.

denote proximity of time, At g. sub adventum, &c.

At or, in ccena ; or, ccenans. At night nocte ; noctu. At Easter; tempore Paschalis At that time ; tune ; this time ; hoc tempore ; nunc ; jam At the right time ; in tempore ; turn ; eo, illo tempore. At a wrong time ; intempestive ; alieno tempestive
tempore terdum
;

the first ; principio ti in preesentia

At times, i. e. sometimes ; nonnunquam ; inAt At another time; alio tempore; alias At present ; in praeseninitio At length, or at last; aliquando
; ; ;

tandem; demum

denique.
:

III.

Before a superlative

adjective, implying in the state,


;

commonly expressed by
;

superlative adverbs, or by ad e.g. At longest; diutissime At first ; primum primo. At last ; ultimum ad ultimum. At least, I.e. in the lowest degree; minime. At At least, i. e. to say no more ; saltern certe vel. At best; ut cum maxime At all; omnino prorsus. most; summum ad summum; plurimum ut pluriIV. Noting the occasion: e.g. He comes at mum. V. Noting an immediate consecall; vocatus adest. quence of; He swooned at the sight ; re conspecta. At once; simul una; seVI. At interest; fenore
; ; ; ; ; ;

aggressio; incursus; impetus. I. To regard, fix the~ffimdupon ; attendere rem, or ad rem, aliquem ; alicui, or rei, de re; animum, or mentem advertere ad rem, rei, or rem ; and often simply, advertere, observare ; rationem habere rei. II. To wait on (as a servant) ; apparere alicui ministrare alicui. N. B. To attend a magistrate, is III. To accompany ; hvays expressed by apparere. :omitari ; prosequi. IV. To be present upon a summons ; prassto esse ; adesse ; se sistere. V. To be appendant to; inhaerere ; insidere ; comitari; adjungi. VI. To stay for; exspectare aliquem; opperiri iliquem ; praestolari alicui, or aliquem ; also, manere aliquem. To ATTEND, v. n. I. To yield attention ; attendere animum ; and simply, attendere ; animum advertere ; r simply, advertere ; animum intendere. II. Tostay, delay ; exspectare ; manere ; morari ; commorari ; demorari. ATTENDANCE, s. I. The act of waiting on another i ninistratio ; ministerium: (on a magistrate) ; apparitio To dance attendance ; aliquem comitari, assectari, favo'em conciliandi gratia. II. Attention, regard ; attenio
;

II. An attack; To ATTEND, v. a.

experimentum

endeavour; periculum; tentamen tentamentum.


;

cura.
s.
;

mel.

ATTENDANT,
another
quus. sequens
;

ATHEISM, s. Atheismus ; negatio Dei. ATHEIST, s. Atheus ; Deum negans, or tollens , neTo be an gator Dei. Negator occurs in Prudentius. atheist ; atheum esse ; Deum negare, or tollere. ATHEISTICAL, ATHEISTIC, a. Atheus ; Deum negans, or tollens.
ATHIUST. a. Sitiens siticulosus. I. ATHLETIC, a. Belonging to wrestling; athleticus. II. Lusty, firmus robust; robustus ; validus
; ;

minister
II.

;istrate); apparitor

I. One who attends or waits upon assecla ; comes ; famulus (on a maalso, stator (as a lacquey) ; pedisse: :

concomitant or consequent; comes

con-

fortis.

Across; transverse; oblique; II. ex transverse de transverso. Through ; per ; e. g. per medios per transversum ; per mediam rem
prep.
; ;

ATHWART,

I.

consecutio ; consequentia. s. Attentio; intentio animi; also, dili;entia ; e. g. in audiendo. ATTENTIVE, a. Attentus ; intentus ; diligens (when it s equivalent to careful). To be attentive; ad aliquid ittendere ; animum ad aliquid advertere. ATTENTIVELY, ad. Attente ; attento (intento) animo ; arrectis auribus. To ATTEST, v. a. I. To bear witness of; testari ; ;estificari ; tesiimonio probare, or confirmare, Cic. ; at;

ATTENTION,

ignes.

:estari,

Plin.

rei

testimonium dare, Cic.


;

II.

To

call

ATHWART, ram vitiose


;

ad.
;

i.e.

Wrong; male; prave

perpe-

'o

non

I. ATLAS, s. ; volumen tabularum (some say, mapparum) geographicarurn. II. A rich kind of siilc ; pannus sericus, vulgo Atlas dictus. If, as some suppose, this word is derived from Attalicus, we may say, pannus Attalicus. Ae'r ccelum A dense atmoATMOSPHERE, s. A rare aimosphere ; cffilum crassum ; ae'r crassus. sphere ; ccelum tenue aer tenuis. See AIR. If we would express The whole atmosphere, we may say, ae'r circumjectus some moderns say, atmosphsera. ATOM. s. Atomus. ATOMICAL. a. Ad atomos pertinens. I. To ATONE, v.n. To agree; accord; congruere;
; ;
:

recte. A collection of maps

cari,

witness ; appellare aliquem testem aliquem, Cic.


s.

testari, cr testifi-

ATTEST, ATTESTATION,

Testificatio; testimonium,

Cic. If in writing, consignata literis testificatio. ;he verbs ; as, rei testandae (testificandae) causa. ATTIRE, v.a. Induere vestem alicui, or

Or by
aliquem
;

To
;

veste
tus

vestire aliquem

;
;

ornare.

s. Vestitus vestimentum ; habitus ornamentum. ATTITUDE, s. Corporis situs et habitus. ATTORNEY, s. Actor syndicus ; procurator

ATTIRE,

orna-

Attor-

convenire
:

consentire

;
;

alicui

rei,

or homini, or

cum

ney of the exchequer ; actor publicus. Attorney-general; regiarum causarum procurator. I. To draw to something ; atTo ATTRACT, v.a. rahere ; ad se trahere ; ad se allicere ; ad se rapere. II. To allure, invite; allicere; allectare ; invitare; devocare
;

homine II. To stand as (in opinion) consentire. an equivalent for something ; esse pro re, or in loco rei. To ATONE, v. a. i.e. To expiate; expiare piare ;
;

illicere.
s. I.

ATTRACTION,

The power of drawing any

luere.

ATONEMENT.
sensio

5.

I.

Agreement;

consensus;
;

con-

An

concordia. ; atoning sacrifice


a.
;

ATROCIOUS,
scelerosus
vitiositas.

II. Expiation; expiatio. III. sacrificium piaculare piaculum. Horribilis ; atrox ; fcedus ; vitiosus ;
;
;

II. thing; vis attrahendi. (Virtus attractoria, Macer.) III. That which The power of alluring ; vis alliciendi. allures ; illecebra ; stimulus ; allectatio. I. ATTRACTIVE, a. Having the power to draw any

hing

attrahens

; ;

attrahendi vim habens.


alliciens ; pellax. Ascribere v. a.
;

II.

Allurtribu-

ng ;
ere

illecebrosus
attribuere.
s.

consceleratus

scelestus.
s.

To ATTRIBUTE,
;

assignare

ATROCITY, ATROCIOUSNESS.

Foeditas

atrocitas

ATTRIBUTE,
;

The

To ATTACH, v. a. I. To seize ; prehendere ; comII. To win, gain over ; ad se prehendere arripere. trahere ad se sequendum impellere conciliare sibi. ATTACHMENT. *. i.e. Regard, esteem; observantia; cultus and* perhaps, veneratio. To ATTACK, v.a. Invadere impugnare petere adoriri ; oppugnare ; incurrere in ; impetum aggredi
;
; ;

but proprietas will

philosophical word is attributum, commonly suit Cicero says, singula;

rum rerum

singula proprietas.
:

facere in.

Aggressio ; incursus ; Impugnatio ; oppugnatio ; petitio ; impetus. To ATTAIN, v. a. Acquirere ; -comparare ; assequi ; consequi ; adipisci ; potiri ; perveniro (ad). ATTAINABLE, a. Assequendus ; capax adeptionis : or by a circumlocution ; e. g. This is attainable by few persons ; hoc pauci adipisci (assequi) possunt. ATTAINDER, s. I. The act of attaint ing in law ; conII or by the verb convincere. victio, Augustin. Disgrace; ignominia; dedecus ; probrum. ATTAINMENT, s. I. The act of attaining ; adeptio ;
s.
:

ATTACK,

I. The act of wearing things by rubATTRITION, s. bing ; attritus affrictus, us, Plin. or rather, by a verb. animus fractus ; pcenitentia. sin II. ; Grief for (Attritio is not used in this sense.) To ATTUNE, v. a. Concinere congruere. AUBURN, a. Coloris nucei ; or, colore nuceo ; habeas colorem nuceum. AUCTION, s. Auctio. To hold an auction ; auctionem
; ;

impetratio ; (consecutio, Tertull.). attained ; res adepta.

II.

That which
;
;

is

To be at an auction ; facere, instituere ; also, auctionari A catalogue of an auction i index auctioni interesse rerum auctione vendendarum, or venditarum ; or, more To sell by auction ; vendere concisely, index auctionis aliquid in auctione ; hasta posita vendere. AUCTIONEER, s. Praeco auctionarius ; or simply, prseco, when the other may be easily understood. AUDACIOUS, a. Audax temerarius ; confidens. AUDACIOUSLY, ad. Audacter; confidenter; tcmere. AUDACIOUSNESS, AUDACITY, s. Audacia; confidentia ;
;

tenieritas.
;

To ATTAINT,
II.

v. a.

I.

(In law)

convincere

e.

furti.

fo corrupt;
v. a.

corrumpcre; perdere
;

g de-

pravare.

To ATTEMPER,

Tenuare
I.

diluere

miscere
;

AUDIBLE, a. Qui (qua?, quod) audiri potest cadens To be audible ; audiri posse ; casub sensum audiendi. dere sub sensum audiendi ; auditu perdpl posse. AUDIBLY, ad. i.e. Clearly, with distinct voice, fyc. ;
;

commiscere.

To ATTEMPT,
19

v.a.

To try; tentare

experiri

AUDIENCE.*.

I.

The act rf hearings

auditio.

11.

AUDIT
Liberty of speaking granted, a hearing ; audientia ; aditus ; admissio. To procure an audience ; audientiam facere alicui ; aditum alicui dare admissionem alicui dare ; potestatem dare alicui adeundi aliquem To give audience ; aditum dare admittere copiam sui facere audire aliquem To have an audience ; admitti ad aliquem convenire, or adire, aliquem colloqui cum aliquo. III. An auditory ; auditores ; audientes see AUDITORY. AUDIT. *. Examinatio inspectio contemplatio. Also by a verb. To AUDIT, v. a. Inspicere percurrere (perlustrare) oculis; perspicere; examinare, when the idea of examin; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

AUXILIARY
AUXILIARY. *. Adjutor ; auxiliator. To AVAIL, v. a. I. To assist ; juvare, or adjuvare, II. To projit ; aliquem in re, or ad aliquid efficiendum.
prodesse

tem

magno

utilem esse ; utilitati (or usui) esse ; utihta; c. To be of great avail ; valde prodesse ; esse usui, &c To be of little avail ; parurn prodesse ; parvo esse usui, &c. AVAIL, s. Utilitas ; usus ; fructus ; commodum. AVAILABLE, a. Utilis ; fructuosus.
afferre,

AVANTGUARD. s. Primum agmen. AVARICE, s. Avaritia ; sordida avaritia ; sordes. AVARICIOUS, a. I. Greedy of money ; avarus. II. Greedy of other things ; cupidissimus ; valde appetens ;
bitiens rci, and-rero. AVAUNT. interj,

ation

is

included.
s.
I.

AUDITOR,

hearer

auditor

audiens
;

qui

audit, or qui audiebat, &c., as the case

person employed

to

take

an account ultimately
;

maybe.

II.

apagesis

Abi ; discecte ; (to several persons) ; abite


v. a.
1.

apage te
;

; ;

apage

discedite
ulcisci

ainoli-

rationem

mini vos.

inquisitor, or inspector.

To AVENGE,
care

audientes ; convocati audiauditory ; concio frcHe has always a quens, Cic. ; diffusior corona, Plin large auditory; concessu i'requentissimo verba facit ; summa audientium frequentia celebratur. Cic.
s.

AUDITORY,
;

Auditores

rem
;

To revenge;

vindiII.

(or

tores

concio, Cic

A numerous

hominem); par
;

pari referre.

To

punish

punire aliquem

animadvertere in aliquem, or
;

"in aliquid.

Augere adaugere ; amplificare. To augment grief ; ad dolorcm acerbitatem afferre, Cic. To AUGMENT, v. n. Augeri adaugeri augescere
;

To AUGMENT,
;

v. a.

I. A way of entrance ; aditus s. accesII. A walk between trees ; via arboribus utrinque sometimes, ambulatio (ambulacrum) arboribus utrinque septa (septum). It may probably also be ren-

AVENUE,
;

sus.

septa
;

dered, xystus.

adaugescere
plificatio
;

crescere
s.
;

AUGMENTATION,
auctus

invalescere ; adolescere ; Cic. I. The act of increasing ; am;

To AVER.
;

v. a.
;

nere

contendere

adauctus

incrementum.

II.

The

AVERAGE.

s. i. e.

Affirmare ; asseverare ; obtinere ; tedefendere. A mean proportion; aequa ejusdem

thing added; additamentum ; accessio. AUGUR, s. Augur (properly so called) ; vates ; divinus ; fatidicus ; (propheta, Apul.). To AUGUR, v n. Vaticinari ; divinare ; praedicere ; canere. AUGURY, s. I. The act of prognosticating by omens ; divinatio ; vaticinatio. II. An omen or prediction;
.

portio, or ratio, distributio, collatio. AVERMENT, s. Affirmatio ; asseveratio ; assertio. AVERSE, a. Inimicus ; alienus ab aliquo, a re, or re, rei, and in aliquem ; non propensus ad ; aversans ali-

quem.
Aversatio ; fastidium AVERSENESS, AVERSION, s. To have an aversion from ; aversari aliquid ; ab aliquo alienum, or aversum, esse; alieno, or averso, animo esse

; splendidus ; augustus. of) Augustus, or mensis Augustus. At and before the time of Cicero, this month was called Sextilis. The first of August; Calendar A uThe ninth, &c. ; Nona;, &c. gustae (Sextiles). Fifteenth ; Idus, &c. AUNT. s. I. Father' s sister ; amita. II. Mother's sister ; matertera. I. AURICLE, s. The external ear; auris; auricula. II. (Of the heart) ; auricula cordis.
;

augurium omen. AUGUST, o. Magnificus AUGUST. 5. (The month


;

ab aliquo. To AVERT, v. a. Avertere ; depellere ; arcere ; proTo avert the eyes; oculos avertere ; detiecpulsare
tere
;

declinare.
;

AVIARY. s. Aviarium ; ornithon. AVIDITY, s. Cupido ; cupiditas ; aviditas


with or without
rei.
I.

appetentia

AVOCATION,

commonly
calls ; res

calling aside; avocatio. May be rendered by the verb. II. Business that
s.
;

impediens
v. a.

impedimentum
I.

AURICULAR,
dictus
;

negotium j occuvitare
; ;

a.

i.

e.

Told in the ear

secret

in

aurem

patio.

arcanus ; secretus ; occultus. AUSPICE, s, I. An omen drawn from birds ; ausII. Protection, favour shown; picium ; augurium. iavor ; benevolentia ; gratia. AUSPICIOUS, a. I. With omens of success ; bonis, or II. Fortunate ; felix; fortunatus ; optimis, auspiciis. beatus. III. Kind, favour able ; prosper; secundus ;
faustus.

To AVOID,
II.

To shun;

evitare.

To endeavour
a.
s.

devitare;
vitare.

to S//OTS: i'ugere

AUSPICIOUSLY, ad.

Auspicato.
Severe, rigid; severus

AUSTERE,
asper terus
;
;

a.

I.

durus.
asper.

II.

Sour of taste, harsh


Acerbe
;

austerus ; acerbus ; aus;

AUSTERELY, ad.
severe
tas;
rities
; ;

Evitabilis ; yitabilisS Vitatio ; devitatio ; eviEftio: fu To AVOUCH, v. a. i. e. To afjirm, maintan*^ afflrmare ; asseverare ; obtinere ; teiiere ; attestari ; cc ter affirmare ; defendere. To Avow. v.a. Fateri; confiteri ; profiteri (when it means to avow of one's own accord, or voluntarily) ; non infitiari. Not to avow ; non fateri ; infitiari j dimteri ; negare. AVOWEDLY, ad. Aperte ; ex professo.

AVOIDABLE, AVOIDANCE,

austere
s.
I.

dure

duriter

To AWAIT,
aliquem
;

v. a.

Exspectare

aspere.

riri

AUSTERENESS, AUSTERITY,
severitas

Severity; asperiII.
;

To AWAKE, AWAKEN,
II.

praestolari alicui,

Roughness in
sincerus.

duritia ; durities ; duritas. ; taste ; acerbitas ; austeritas ; duritia duritas.


;

du;

Verus AUTHENTICAL, AUTHENTIC, a. genuinus Not authentic ; non verus non genuinus or,
; ; ;

spurius

subditus

falsus.

AUTHENTICITY, s. Veritas ; sinceritas. AUTHOR, s. I. The first beginner or mover of any II. The efficient; thing; inceptor; auctor; caput. III. A writer; effector; opifex ; conditor ; molitor. auctor; scriptor; qui librum (libros) scripsit. The feminine must be expressed by the circumlocution, quae
librum (libros) scripsit. To AUTHORISE, v. a. i. e. To give authority ; instruere aliquem potestate rei potestatem rei dare alicui per; ;

suscitare, e somno ; or, when the meaning is clear. into new action; incitare ; excitare; acuere ; suscitare. To AWAKE, v. n. Expergisci ; evigilare ; somno solvi : (suddenly) ; repente expergisci, &c., or somno excuti. Fig. ; expergisci. AWAKE, a. Vigil ; insomnis. As soon as I was

expergefacere ; simply, excitare, suscitare,

v.a. excitare, or

manereaiiquem; oppeand aliquem. I. To rouse out of sleep ;


;

To put

awake ; experrectus;
alacer; impiger.

or,

cum

experrectus essem.
;

Fig.

Addlcere adjudicare ; decernere. AWARD, s. Addictio ; adjudicatio. I. Conscious ; edoctus AWARE, a. certior factus ; sciens Not aware ; ignarus; nescius. II. Vigilant,
v. a.
;

To AWARD,

mittere alicui, ut.

AUTHORITATIVE,

a.

Auctoritatem habens
;

gravis,

cum

auctoritate conjunctus.

AUTHORITATIVELY. Cum auctoritate grayiter. AUTHORITY, s. I. Legal power ; auctoritas; potes;

tas; potentia; ditio imperium Credit ; auctoritas ; dignitas.

II. manus; jus. To put in authority ;


;

vigilans ; diligens ; attentus. I. Absent ; absens AWAY. a. and ad. (of a place) ; remotus ; distans. II. Let us go ; abeamus ; discedamus. III. Begone; abi ; discede ; apage te ; apage; apagesis (To several persons) ; abite ; discedite ; amolitnini vos. IV. To take away ; auferre ; tollere. To away ivith ; i. e. To bear, endure ; pati ; ferre, &c.
attentive ; vigil
;
:

auctoritatem alicui dare ; aliquem magistratu privare ; alicui magistratum abrogare. To give authority to any thing ; alicui rei auctoritatem aflerre, or adjicere; pondus alicui rei addere. III. Credibility; fides. Of authority ; fide dignus ; credibilis. IV. Authorities, i. e. persons invested with legal poiver ; praeferti ; magistri ; magistrates. AUTUMN, s. Autumnus, or auctumnus.

aliquem

To deprive of authority; exauctorari

alicui rei praeficere

s. Reverentia ; verecundia ; veneratio when To keep in awe ; coercere ; excessive, metus, timor. To stand in awe of ; revereri ; timere. To AWE. v. a. i.e. To strike terror into; metum (timorem) alicui injicere, inferre, aflerre, oderre, facere, incutere. AWFUL, a. I. Worshipful; reverentiae, &c. dignus. II. Terrible, dreadful ; terribilis ; timendus. AWHILE, ad. Aliquod tempus ; per aliquod tempus;
:

AWE.

it is

reprimere

AUTUMNAL,
arius.

aliquamdiu.
bilis

a.

AUXILIARY, a.
29

Autumnalis. Adjuvans ; utilis

AWKWARD,

a.

I.

auxiliaris

aaxiii-

; imperitus ; rudis. iaformis ; dcforniis.

Unready, clumsy; ineptus inhaII. Inelegant, misshapen


; ,-

AWKWARDNESS
A.VKWARDNESS.
Jitas.
s.

BADGER.
inhabilitas
;

Imperitia

inscitia;

BADGER.

5.

Meles (maples)

melis (maeh's)

or Ureuj

Meles, Linn.
; ;

An awl-maker ; artifex subularius. AWL. s. Subula. AWNING, s. tegumentum tegumen Operculum


(tegimen, tegmen).

AWUY.

ad.

Prave; praepostere; perverse

AXE.
securis

s.

Securis

perperam.
;

ad irritum redigere
disturbare.

BADLY, ad. Male ; prave ; improbe. BADNESS, s. Malitia improbitas. To BAFFLE, v. a. Redderevanum (irritum, inanem)
;

; ;

pervertere
:

evertere

discutere

A pick-axe ;
s.

carpenter's axe ; ascia bipennis.

also,

Axis.

Axis.

AXLE, AXLE-TREE. 5. Axis. AY. ad. See YES. AYE. ad. See ALWAYS. AZURE, a. Cceruleus or, habeas colorem coeli sorcni
;

or, sirailis coelo sereno.

BAG. s. Sacculus ; crumena (of a larger kind) ; saccus. To BAG. v. a, I. To put into a bag; in sacculum, or saccum (sacculos, or saccos), condere (or ingerere). II. To load with bags; onerare saecis, &e. ; saccos, &c., imponere alicui. To BAG. v. n. i. e. To swell like a full bag ; tumescere ; intumeseere ; turgescere. BAGATELLE.*. (Fr.) Parva res ; parvum. BAGGAGE, s. I. The furniture of an army ; sarcina: ; II. A worthless woman ; prostibulum ; impedimenta.
scortum.

B.
To BAA. v. n. To BABBLE, v.
Balare; belare.

BAGNIO, s. balneum; also,


veral baths.

I.

A A

house for bathing; balineum, or

n. 1. To prattle like a child ; garrire ; II. To talk idly; garrire ; fafalmlari ; coutabulari. III. To tell secrets; enunti.ire ; eff'utire ; bulari. IV. To talk much; garrire ; garrulumse deblaterare. praeberc.

when the place contains sebrothel ; lupanar. BAIL. s. I. Security for one's appearance ; sponsio. II. He who gives bail ; sponsor; fidejussor ; pries (concerning an estate) vas (concerning life and death) :
pi., II.

balnete,

BABBLER,
rulus.
II.

s.

I.

teller

An idle talker; Tabulator; of secrets ; garrulus.


; ; ;

gar-

BABE, BABY. s. Infans ; liliolus filiola lactens. BABOON, s. Simla major but this does not exactly others render it Papio, Linn. The larger sort is suit
:

appromissor, Pompon. ; Ulp. To BAIL, v a. i. e. To give bail for another; sponsorem esse ; spondere ; vadimonium promittere ; vattari. BAILIFF, s. I. A subordinate officer ; prases (proII. An under steward ; vinciae) ; prafectus (provincte).
prasl'ectus

To

operarum
v. a.
II.
v. n.

villicus.
I.

BAIT.

the .sphinx of Linn.

BABYISH,

a.
s.

Puerilis
I.

BACHELOR,

A man
;

A man who A Bachelor's

also, (of girls) puellaris. unmarried,- caelebs.


;
;

inescare. mittere.
II.

To
i.

halt
e.

To put meat to tempt animals ; on a journey ; morari intcr;

To

BAIT.

To
;

takes his first degree

degree

baccalaureatus

Baccalaureus. or, primus ho-

alicui, or in aliquem

dogs upon; immittcre canes incitare, or condtare, canes in


set

noris academic! gradus.


I. BACK.*. The hinder part of the body; dorsum ; At one's back, i. e. behind; a tergo. To turn tergum. one's back upon, i. e. to leave, quit ; relinquere ; deserere. Behind one's back ; clam ; e. g. clam me or, me II. The hinder part of any tiling; dorsum; inscio.
;

Pannus laneus crassioris generis. To BAKE. v. a. Coquere (of bread, Lricks, &c.) torrere (of apples, pears, &c.) To bake, i.e. to bale
s.
;

aliquem. BAIZE,

bread ; coquere panes. To BAKU, v. n. Coqui

pars posterior, postica, or aversa. BACK, ad. I. To the place whence one came ; comII. Backward monly expressed by re, in composition. III. from the present station; retro; retrorsum. IV. Behind, not coming forward ; tecte ; occulte. Again ; rursum ; rursus : frequently expressed by re, in composition. To BACK. v. a. I. To mount ahorse ; scandere, conscendere, ascendere, inscendere (equum, or in equum). II. To support, justify ; fulcire ; sustcntare ; deIII. To move fendere; probare; excusare; purgare. backwards; retrorsum impellere, movere, &c. To BACK. v. n. i. e. To go backwards ; retro ferri, &c. To- BACKBITE, v. a. Falso criminari ; detrahere de
alicujus

; concoqui. BAKEHOUSE, s. Officina pistoria v or, pars domus serviens coquendis panibus, or ubi panes coquuntur. BAKER, s. Pistor Baker's bread; panis pistorius ; or, panis apud pistorem venalis ; panis a pistore. BAKING, s. i. e. The art of a baker ; lurnaria ; ars pis-

toria.

BALANCE,

s.

I.

A pair of scales;

libra

statera

tru-

tina. II. The act of comparing tio ; contentio ; collatio. III. to make two parts of an account

two things ; comparaThat which is wanting even ; residuum re;

IV. Equipoise; Eequilibritas ; {equilibrium ; liquum. To keep one's balance ; aequilibritutrm icquipondium.
(^equilibrium) servare ; corpus, or se, librare, or librari. V. The beating part of a watch ; libramentum. To BALANCE, v. a. I. To weigh in a balance ;
librare ; pendere (from pendo) ; pensare ; pensitare ; II. To counterpoise ; rem cum altera ponderare. III. To recompensare, aequare, or adaequare, Cic. gulate an account ; rationes conficere, et consolidare, Cic To balance an account, i. e. to pay what remains

fama

sennonibus

falsis laedere

famam

alicujus

obtrectare alicui ; clanculum de aliquo male loqui ; clanculum detrnhere de alicujus dignitate. B \CKBITER. s. Criminator mendax ; obtrectator.

BACKBONE, BACKDOOR,
postica janua

s.

Spina dorsi.
;

s.
>

Ostium posticurn or simply, postica.

or simply, posticum

BACKROOM,
;

s.

Cubiculum posticum, or aversum

due ; rationum reliqua solvere. BALCONY, s. Podium ; projectura mcenianum. BALD. a. calvus I. 1\ itkout hair ; glaber.
;
;

To

cubiculum in postica (aversa) parte aedium ; postica pars anlium aedincium posticum. BACKSIDE, s. I. The hinder part of any thing; dorsiini II. The pars posterior, postica, or, aversa. hinder part of any animal; natis ; clunis ; pi. nates;
;

clunes.

To BACKSLIDE,
aberrare
;

v. n.
;

Decedere
;

recedere

discedere

deerrare
<s.

declinare, ab officio, &c.

BACKSLIDES.

Defector

forward

or BACKWARDS, ad. I. With the back recedens Backwards and forwards ; ultro II. Toward the back; retro; in parte aversa. III. To the place behind ; retro ; retrorsum ; retrorsus. IV. Regressively ; in partem aversam ; citro. V. From a better to a worse state ; in pejus. BACKWARD, a. I. Unwilling; alienus a; non propensus ad non inclinans ad ; aversans aliquem, or II. Sluggish; tardus ; serus ; segnis ; piger ; aHquid. iners deses ; socors. III. Dull of apprehension ; tardus ; lentus.
;

BACKWARD

qui

deficit, delecit,

&c.

be bald; calvum, or glabrum, esse ; calvere ; glabrere To grow bald ; calvum, or glabrum, fieri ; glabescere ; calvescere. II. Without natural covering ; nudus. III. Unadorned; inelegant; tenuis ; miser. BALDNESS, s. Calvities \ calvitium. BALD-PATE, s. Calvus ; recalvus. BALDRICK. s. I. A girdle ; cingulum ; zona. II. The zodiac; orbis signifer ; zodiacus. BALE. s. Fascis ; fasciculus. To BALE, v a. In fasces (fascicules) colligare.
.

BALEFUL,

a.

I.

Sorrowful ;

tristis

injucundus

in-

dtroque.

\\.Mischievous; damnosus ; noxigratus ; luctuosus. us ; detrimentosus, Caes To be baleful; esse detrimento

(damno).

BALEFULLY. ad. Damnose ; nocenter. To BALK. v.a. i.e. To disappoint, to Jrustr ate ;
;

fallere

decipere

frustrare.
I.
;

BACKWARDNESS,
II.

A A round substance; pila sphaera II. A musket or cannon ball; j^lans little ball ; pilula. III. An enterplumbea fistula? igniferae, or tormentp.
BALL.
s.

s.

Sluggishness;

scgnities; desidia; pigritia


tarditas.

I. Unwillingness ; aversatio. tarditas ; inertia; segnitia, or III. Dulncss ; ; socordia.

tainment of dancing

saltationem instituere.
teresse.

saltatio solennis To give a ball ; To be at a ball ; saltationi in-

To BALL.
glomcrare
pejor nialus
; ; ;

v. a.

i.

e.

To make
;

into

a ball; conglobare

BACON, s. BAD. a.
superl.

Lardum
I.

Ill,

; laridum, Plaut. not good; malus (comp.

conglomerare.
;

nequatn

happy mains

II. Vicious, corrupt; III. improbus pravus. Unfortunate, unIV. Hurtful, unwholesome mains; miser. noxius. V.Sick; male se habens ; a?grotus ji'-cr. VI. Severe (of a distemper) malus maftgnus. MADGE. s. A Signum ; nota ; indicium honour; insiffne.

pessimus).

j,

BALLAD, s. Cantilena carmen triviale. BALLAST, s. Onus navi^ii inferius saburra. BALLOON, s. Pila follis folliculus. 1. A ball or ticket used in giving BALLOT, s.
; ;

votes ;

r^scva; tabclla; calculus.


fxagium.

II.

Voting by ballot ; sufII.

.'

HALM.
tiu:u
;

s.
;

quies

I. Prop. Balsamum. dulcedo ; rcocatio.


C'

Fig.

Sola-

21

BALMY
BALMY,
II.

BAPTISMAL
.*;

a.
III.

I.

Of balm; balsaminus; balsameus.


;

Fragrant

matici.

'

BALSAM, s. i. e. Ointment, unguent ; unguentum. BALSAMIC, a. Balsaminus balsameus. To BAMBOOZLE, v.a.i.e. To cheat; fall ere ; indu;

boni odoris ; bene olens Refreshing; recreans.

odoris aro-

one's self for baptism ; ad sacrum baptismi fontem accedere; aquis lustralibus purgandum se dare. BAPTISMAL, a. Ad baptismum pertinens The baptismal font; fons baptismi ; fontes lust rales.

BAPTIST,

s. i. e.
;

One who

tizator, Tert.

baptista,
s.

cere

decipere
s.
;

BAN.
ficatio

I.

II. A curse, excommunication; segregatio ab usu sacrorum ; usus sacrorum interdictus. III. Interdiction; proscriptio ; interdictio A double ban; proscriptio renovata, or

circumscribere ; circumvenire. Public notice given of any thing


;

BAPTISTERY,
;

signi-

word

baptizes qui baptizat ; bapae, m., Sedul. Baptisterium, Sidon. (Pliny uses the
;

in the sense of

declaratio.

To

BAPTIZE, v.a.
;

exsecratio publica

tismi lustrare

bathing-tub') ; sacri fontes. Baptizare, Augustin. ; aquis bapsacro fonte abluere ; in sacrum fontem

immergere. BAR. s.

I.

long piece of wood

repetita.

sense) ; proscribere aliquem. II. (In an ecclesiastical sense); aliquem exsecrari usu sacrorum ; publice judicare aliquem impium ; Sublice iterdicere alicui segregare ab usu sacrorum, or ab
ecclesia.

To BAN.

I.

(In a

civil

Caes. ; or of iron ; vectis. is, m., Cic laid across a passage, door, fyc. ; obex,
; ;

asser, eris,

m.,

BAND.

s.

I.

ligamen. conjunctio

II.
;

consociatio. Ill A company of persons bound together ; societas ; manus. To BAND. v. n. i. e. To unite together; societatem facere, inire, coire ; se conjungere ; se jungere ; se colli-

Any union

That which binds; vinculum copula ; or connection; vinculum;


;

gare

conjungi ; sociari ; also, conspirare. BANDAGE, s. Fascia ; fasciola. BANDBOX, s. Capsa.


;

jungi

BANDIT,

s.

Sicarius.
v. a.

I. To bear to and fro; agitare II. To give and take reciprocally; commutare invicem dare et recipere. BANDY-LEGGED, a. Loripes ; curvos habens pedes

To BANDY,
;

ultro citroque.

curvis pedibus praeditus (and without praeditus) varus.

or,

virus. Poison ; toxicum ; venenum II. Mischief, ruin; venenum; pestis ; pernicies. II. DeBANEFUL, a. I. Poisonous; venenatus.

BANE.

s.

I.

structive; perniciosus pestifer ; pestilens.

pernitialis

exitiosus

exitialis

i.e. Destructivencss ; conditio (or The words perniratio, natura) perniciosa, exitiabilis. ciositas, exitiabilitas, do not occur. BANG. v. a. i. e. To beat, thump ; fcrire ; percus.

BANEFULNESS.

To
;

repagulum. septum; claustrum which hinders or obstructs ; obex impedimentum repaIII. A rock or bank gulum Cic. obsUculum, Plaut. at the entrance of a harbour or a river ; aestuaof sand IV. The place where law cases or rium, i, n., Caes. criminals are tried ; cancelli, Cic. ; clathri, orum, Hor. V. ( In music) linea transversa. VI. A solid mass Silver in bars; of metal; auri, argenti, &c., massa VII. (In a tavern) argentum infectum. cancelli, orum, m. To BAR. v. a. I. To fasten with bars ; vccte rem occludere ; rei vectem obducere, or obdere To bar a To bar a passage j gate ; emunire postes obice, Virg. aditum alicui obstruere. II. To hinder, obstruct, prevent ; aditum intercludere, Cic. ; iter obsepire, LIT. ; impedire impedimento esse ; obstare quo minus, or ne, III. To shut out from ; rem, or re, amoaliquid fiat. vere, or removere ; aliquem a loco removere, or prohibere Cic. IV. To exclude from a claim ; privare ; orV. To prohibit ; rem vetare, or probare excludere. hibere vetare, or prohibere, aliquem facere aliquid, Cic. BARB. s. I. A Barbary horse ; equus Punieus, or Numidicus. II. A crooked point ; deris ; hamus. III. Armour for horses; ferreae laminae serie inter se connexas, Curt.; phalerae, arum, f. pi. BARBARIAN, s. Barbarus ; barbariae incola. BARBARIAN, BARBABK>.-. Barbarus barbaricug. I. (In grammar); BAHBAKISM. s. barbarismus. To make or commit a barbarism ; verbum viQuint.
; ;
;

icis, II.

piece of wood m., Virg. ; Any obstacle

tere

icere

To BANISH, v. a. I. To condemn to leave his country; inexilium ejicere, or pellere; ejicere, or pellere, expellere, exterminare, urbe, civitate, or patria
;

pulsare

verberare.

tiose efferre, Cic.

II.
1.

cinna asperitas

barbaria, m,i.\ Cic.

Savagenessof manners; incondiritas

BARBARITY,

s.

Cruelty;

et

immanitas;

or

II. To simply, ejicere; pellere; exterminare, &c. drive away ; ejicere; pellare; expellere; amovere ; re-

movere.
I. The act of banishing another ; BANISHMENT, s. expulsio ; dcpulsio. The words ejectio, exterminatio, seem not to occur. This word may be expressed by a e. g. Cicerone exterminate (or, in exiliiim participle II. The state pulso) ; After the banishment of Cicero. of being banished ; exile; exilium. BANK. s. I. The earth rising on each side of a II. Any heap of earth piled up river; ripa. agger; moles A bank of sand, $c. in the sea; pulvinus scamnum ; syrtis ; scopulus. bench of rowers ; III. transtrum ; jugum. IV. A place where money is laid V. A company of bankers ; asrarium up; aerarium. publicum credens vulgo pecuniam ; or, serarium. To BANK. v. a. I. To inclose with a bank ; aggere II. To lay up money in a bank ; (mole) cohibere. pecuniam apud argentarios deponere.
:

feritas et immanitas, Cic. II. Roughness of manners f inconcinna asperitas ; barbaria, 32, f. ; Cic. BARBAROUS, a. I. Foreign, outlandish ; barbarus ; barbaricus. 1 1. Rude in manners or speech ; barbarus ; rudis ; cultu asper, Virg. III. Cruel, inhum,an ; Barbarous barbarus; ferus ; irrirnanis; crudelis ; Cic tribes ; gentes immanitate crudeles, Cic.

BARBAROUSLY, ad. ter; atrociter; Cic.


BARBED, BARBEL.
batulus
lulus
strix,
; ;

Barbare

crudeliter

inhumani-

,-

Dentatus ; hamatus. 5. A fish; mullus fluviatilis ; mullus bar. A little barbel; mulCic.; barbus, Auson.
a.
"

barbatulus mullulus.
s.
;

BARBER,

Tonsor,
f.

oris,

m.
Cic.

A female
A
to

Plaut. tonstrina, e,
rius.

tonstricula,

Of or belonging

a barber ; ton? oranae equinae,

barber ; tonbarber's shop ;

BAHBES.
f.

s.

pi.

disease of horses;

pi.

BANK-BILL, BANK-NOTE.
ratoriae publicae
;

5.

Syngrapha mensae fene-

or, tessera perscriptionis publicae.

BANKER,
zita,
as,

s.

Mensarius
Plaut.

m.,

argentarius ; Cic. ; trapeTo be a (Nummularius, Ulp.)


; ; ;

banker ; argentariam facere, Cic. BANKRUPT, s. Quinonest snlvendo impar solvendo demersus onere asris alieni. We find also, decoctor, in Cicero. To become bankrupt ; solvendo non esse ; succumbere aeris alieni oneri ; decoquere argentariam dis;

it is often used Celticus heroum prasco: in the sense of Poet. See POET. BARE. a. I. Without covering ; nudus; nudatus Plains bare A tree bare of leaves ; nudata foliis arbor II. Without orof trees ; campinudi, or sine arbore. III. Withnamcnt; simplex ;inornatus; nullo ornatu. IV. Poor; out concealment ; retectus ; delectus. V. Mere ; solus ; unus. egens ; pauper ; inops.

BARD.

s.

solvere; Cic.

BANKRUPTCY, s. Ruina rei familiaris ruina fortunarum. BANNER, s. Vexillum signum militare or simply,
; ;
;

VI. Worn, threadbare ; attritus, Mart. ; usu detritus, Quint. tritus, Hor. ; obsoletus, Liv. I. To uncover ; detegere, Plaut.; To BARE. v.a. II. To strip; rem re nudare, or retegere, Varr.
;

spoliare.
a. i.e. Shameless, impudent; impudens; Cic. To be barefaced; os ferreum haore durissimo esse ; frontem perfricuisse, Cic. BAREFACEDNESS. s. Impudentia, Cic. ; os durum, or impudens, Ter. BAREFOOT, a. Nudis pedibus. BAREHEADED, a. Aperto, or nudato, capite. II. BARELY, ad. I. Simply, merely; tantum. Without ornament; simpliciter; nullo ornatu j nulla exornatione ; Cic. BARENESS, s. Nuditas.

signum, BANNS,
latio
;

BAREFACED, mverecundus ;
bere
;

(Of marriage) praeconia sponsalitia. BANQUET, s. Convivium epulum epulas, arum epus.
; ;

Cic

magnificent banquet ; epulae conquisitis-

To give a banquet ; praebere convivium, or To go to a banquet ; convivium, epulum ; epulas dare or epulas, inire To be at a banquet ; interesse convivio. Of or belonging to a banquet ; convivalis ; epularis. To BANQUET, t. n. Hilarem in mpdum epulari convivari ; convivium celebrare ; convivia agere ; Cic. BANQUETER, s. Conviva, ae, m. ; convivator, Cic. To BANTER, v. a. Ludere ; illudere ; ludificare ; lusiman, Cic.
;

dibrio habere aliquem.

BANTLING, s. Paryulus ; pusio, onis, m., Cic. BAPTISM, s. Baptismus, i, in. baptisma, atis, n. ; The grace of baptism ; collata baptismum, i, n. ; Tert A certificate of baptism ; instruper baptismum gratia mentum quo de suscepto baptismo constat To offer
;

BARGAIN, s. I. An agreement; pactum ; pactio ; To make a conventus, us ; conventio fcedus, eris, n. To annex a condition bargain ; cum altero de re pacisci Cic. To depart to a bargain ; pacisci sub conditipne, from one's bargain ; a pactione abire, or discedere ; pac;

;is

non

stare.

II.

Condition of the price of a tiling

To be a good bargain ; vilisbought or sold ; pretium. sime constare. To sell a great bargain; rem parvo

22

BARGAIN
pretio vendere, Cic. ; vili vendere, Mart. bought the ship a great bargain ; gratis constat
Cic.

BASE
You
f/ave
tibi navis,

To BARGAIN, v. n. Cum altero de re pacisci. BARGE, s. Cymba navicula Cic. linter, tris, A small barge; navigiolum. Caes. navigium.
;

The base of a statue or pillar s radices, f. pi., Cnes. stylobata, or stylpbates, ae, m., Vitr. ; basis, Cic. BASE or BASS (in music), s. Gravior sonus. To sing A bass-singer ; ; gravis cantus paries sustinere
;

m.f.,
;

BARGEMAN,
titor,

s.

Navicularius

naviculator, Cic.

por-

Virg.

I. Rind of a tree; cortex, icis, m. f., Cic. BARK. s. That has a bark ; cortiThe inner bark ; liber, bri, in. Jesuits' bark; cortex Peruviana. corticosus. catus II. A small ship; cymba scapha; Cic.; lembus, A little bark; lenunculus, Cjes. ; lembunculus, Liv.
; ;

gravium partium cantor. BASELY, ad. Humiliter abjecte ; demisse ; turpiter ; inhoneste improbe ; nequiter Cic. indecore, Plaut. ; To act basely illiberaliter, Ter. indignam se rem dedecus admittere, Cic. agere, Hor.
; ; ; ; ;

Tac.

To BARK. v. n. I. (As a dog) ; latrare, Cic. ; latratum edere, Ov. Dogs bark at thieves ; canes allatrant fures ; or, latrones latratu insequuntur ; fures latrantur a caniIII. To II. (As a fox); gannire, Varr. bus, Plin. clamour at : allatrare ; in aliquem latrare canina verba,
Mart.

cymbula, Plin.

To BARK.

v. a.

i.

e.

To

strip off the bark ; decorticare;

BASENESS, s. Improbitas pruvitas inhonesta, turpis, animi abjectio ; animi abjectio, or remissio ignavia. BASHAW, s. Provincial Turdcas moderator. BASHFUL, a. I. Modest ; verecundus ; pudens ; modestus ; Cic. 11. Sheepish ; pudibundus, Plin. timidus formidolosus demissus. BASHFULLY, ad. I. Modestly; modeste, Cic.; deII. Timorously; ticenter, Ov. pudenter, Hor. mide fonnidolo&e ; pavide trepide. BASHFULNESS. s. I. Modesty; pudor; verecundia; vultus modestia Cic. II. SAeepinAneit, timidity; timidus pudor, Ov. frontis mollities, Plin. Ep. mul; ; ; ; ;
;

cortice denudare.
I. The cry of dogs ; latratus, us, m. BARKING, s. II. The cry of foxes ; gannitus, us, m. BARLEY, s. Hordeum Of barley; hordcaceus Peeled barley ; hordeum mundatum et purgatum, or gluOne who lives on barley bread ; hormis exemptum.

lities, ei,

or mollitia, as, f. ; verecundia, Cic. BASILIC, s. i. e. A magnificent church; basilica, Sulp. Sev. BASILISK. 5. Basilicus, Plin. BASIS, s. See BASE.

ae, f.,

To BASK.
in sole;

dearius, i,m.

BARM. 5. Fermentum, Plin. A barn floor ; area, ae, f. BARN. 5. Horreum, i, n. I. An instrument to hold a horse by BARNACLE, s. II. A the nose ; lupi, orum, pi., Ov. ; lupatum, Virg.
kind of bird
;

jire ; Cic.
;

v. n. In the sun ; apricari, Cic. ; apricari Varr.; apricatione calescere, Cic Before a ad focum assidere ; ad flammam se applicare ;
;

anaticula marina.
i,

III.

sort of specla

cle- ; conspicillum,

n.

BAROMETER, s. Barometrum, i, n. BARON, s. Baro, onis, m. (in the modern acceptation A Baron of the word: Cicero uses it in another sense).
of the Exchequer ; qusestor. BARONET, s. Baronettus (modern). BARONESS, s. Baronissa. ze (modern). BARONY, s. Baronia; baronatus, us (modern). BARRACK, s. Casula; castrense tugurium. Barracks contubernium, Caes. militares cellae. pi. To BARFACK. v. a. Milites per contubernia dividere. dolioI. A small cask ; cadus ; dolium BARREL, s. Ill The II. A cylinder; cylindrus, i, Cic. lum. barrel of a gun ; tubus fistula. To BARREL, v. a. In dolium, or cadum, infundere. infecundus Barren I. Prop. Sterilis BARREN, a. land ; humus sterilis, Propert ager infructuosus, Varr. ; 'To become barren; sterilescere, jejuna terra, Col.
;
;

A little basket; quasillus, Catp ; Col.; sporta, Sail. quasillum, Cic. ; corbula, Varr. ; cistella, Ter. ; cisA tula, Mart. ; iiscella, Virg. ; calathiscus, Catull. game-basket ; ovata fiscina ferinae aut avibus mittendis A basket for carrying on the back ; sporta dosaptata suaria, Varr. BASON or BASIN, s. I. A vessel to hold water;
pelvis,
is, f.
;

BASKET, s. canlsQualus, Virg. ; qualum, Varr. trum calathus corbis fiscina Cic. cista cophinus ;
; ; ; ; ;

(pelhmum

pelluvia,

ae, f.,

Fest.).

II.

hollow place u'hic/t contains water in a garden ; crater, 111. (Of a harbour) ; eris, m., Plin. alveus, Ep. IV. (Of a balance) ; lanx, cis, f., Cic. ; lancula i, m.
se, f.,

Vitr.

BASSO-RELIEVO or BAS-RELIEF. Anaglypta, anaglypha, Vessels adorned with figures in batorum, n., Mart.
relief ; toreumata, urn, n. pi.; vasa anaglypta, n. pi., Plin.

vasa

sigillata,

Cic.;

BASSOON, BASTARD,
Ulp.).

s. s.

Major tibia soni gravioris. Nothus, i, m. ; notha, ae,


;

f. ;

(spuriug,

Plin.

II.

Fig.

BARRENNESS, s. BARRICADE or BARRICADO. s. Munimentum j lorica ; claustrum. ; septum ; To BARRICADE or BARRICADO. v. a. and n. Loricam obducere objecto munimine locum obsepire, Cses. II. I. A barricade ; see BARRICADE. BARRIER, s. A stop ; obex, icis, m. ; impedimentum (obstaculum, Prudent.) Courage finds no barriers; nil est virtuti III. A boundary ; finis, is, m. ; terminus invium, Ov. limes, ids, m. ; terminalis lapis, Plin.

Sterilis; jejunus; tenuis Sterilitas ; infecunditas.

infelix.

munimen

BASTARD, a. i. e. Spurious, false ; falsus adulterinus ; vanus fictus commenticius ; (spurius, Auson.). BASTARDY, s. Natalium vitium. 1. To BASTE, v. a. To beat with a stick ; alicai fustem impingere, Cic. ; fuste percutere, Veil. bacillo II. To drip any thing on meat aliquem caedere, Cic.
; ; ;

that

is

roasting

aspergere
slightly ;

III.

To sew

cpnspergere ; perfundere. longiori lili ductu praesuere,


;

Plin.

BASTINADE or BASTINADO,
;

s.

BARRISTER, s. Causidicus ; patronus actor, Cic. ; To be or act as a barrister ; actor causarum, Quint.
;

BASTION, s. (In fortification); agger minens propugnaculum. I. A club; clava, ae. f. BAT. s.
time

Fustuarium, Cic. Liv. in aciem pro;

II.

flitter ~

foro operam dare, Plaut. ; causas actitare, or defensitare ; The occupation of a barrister ; in foro versari ; Cic forensis opella, Hor. I. A kind of vehicle ; a hand-barrow; BARROW, s. A wheel-barrow ; vehigestatorium ; brachiata crates II. A hog ; verres, is, m. culum manuale, or trusatile. III. A mound ; tumulus, i, n., Cic. ; Caes. ; Ov. To BARTER, v. n. Kegotiari; mercaturam facere ; Cic. ; commercium facere, Plin.

To BARTER,
rem
alia

v. a.

Rem cum

alia

commutare, Cic.;
aviaoffi-

at one unius operae coctura. v. a. Aliquid de summa deducere e summa Without detrahere ; de summa decessionem facere ; Cic 1 will not bating any thing; sine ulla deductione, Suet. bate any thing ; non aberit teruncius ; triobolum hie abesse non patiar, Plaut. To BATE. v. n. Imminui ; decrescere ; remittere ; inclinare se. se remittere
;

mouse; vespertilio, onis, m., Plin. BATCH, s. i. e. The quantity of bread baked

To

BATE.

BARTER, s. BARTON, s. rium ; cohors


cina. lus

permutare, Plin. Permutatio. i.e. A poultry -yard


;

BATH.
idoneus
;

5.

gallinarium

Col.

chors, ortis,

f.

Ov.

BASE. a.
;

of
tii

mean account ;
;

Of or belonging to a barton ; cohortalis. maI. Mean, vile, worthless ; improbus II. Of low station, nequam pravus sceleratus.
;
;

cohprtalis

A priPublic baths ; balneae, arum, f. pi A vate bath, private baths; balneum; balnea, orum little bath ; balneolae, arum, f. pi., Cic. balneolum,
;

Lavacrum,

i.

n.,

Cell.

locus lavationi

Juv. bath

Hot baths
;

thermae, arum,

f.

pi.,

Mart

cold

which

Tlte part of a house in frigida lavatio, Cels the baths are ; balnearia, orum, Cic Of or be-

III. Of mean parentspiciendus ; spernencYis ; Cic. Of base birth or origin; age ; plebeius ; ignobilis. obscuro, humili atque obscuro, infimo loco, or ignobili Base-born, gcnere, natus, Cic. ; origine modicus, Ter. \. e. bastard ; nothus, i, m. ; notha, ae, f. ; (spurius, Ulp.). I V Ditmgemtota, iWberal, oj mean spirit ; abjectus et acens ; demissus et humilis ;abjeetuaet humilis. A bane spirit ; animus abjectus et humilis ; mens humilis, Cic. A base action; faciuus indignum, or illiberale ; factum To commit a base action ; abjecte turps et indecorum. facere ; dedecus admittere ; Cic. ; indignam se rem agere,
.

contemptus

humilis feneus ;

vilis

; ;

abjectus

nullius pre;

futilis

contemnendus

de-

Hor. BASE.

s.
;

mentum

i. e. Basis, foundation ; basis, is, f. ; fundaThe bate of a mountain ; montis pars ima.

to a bath or baths ; balnearis ; (balnearius ; A bath-keeper ; balneator, Cic. ; balneatorius, Pand.) (fern, balneatrix, Petr.). To BATHE, v. a. I. To wash in a bath ; in balneum, in aquam, demittere, Cels. ; lavare, Virg. To bathe 11. wilh tears i lacrymis os totum sibi opplere, Ter. To soften by the outward application of warm liquors ,(vulnus) liquore calido fovere. To BATHE, v n. Se lavare, Ter. ; lavare, Virg. ; lavare membra aqua, Ov. ; balneo uti, Cels. Togo a Fond of bathing ; fluminia bathing; lavatum ire, Hor A bathingThe act of bathing ; lavatio. areator, Flor tub ; labrum, Cic. ; solium, Cels. ; piscina, Plin. BATING, prep. Praeter (ilium); extra (ilium); (illo) excepto ; si (ilium) excipias. BATTALION, s. Agmen, inis, n. (In square) ; agnien C 4

longing

BATTEN
quadratum
(Triangular)
rostrata acies, dirigere.
;

BEAGLE
; ;

Liv

agmcn cuneatum cunous To form a battalion ; agmen


;
;

To BATTEN, v. a. I. To make fat ; saginare opimare pinguefacere pinguem, or opimam, facere. II. To fertilise; (terram) fecundare, Virg. (terris)
:

BEAGLE, s. Car.is brevioribus tibiis canis vestigator. 1. The bill of a bird ; rostrum BEAK, s. A little The point or tip of a beak; rostri beak; rostellum acies. The curved shape of a beak ; rostri aduncitas. To strike with a beak ; rosHaving a beak ; rostratus
;

trare,
II.
!

Cic.

rostro petere

beak-full

esca,

ae,

f.

fecunditatem dare, Cic.

To grow fat; pinguescere crassescere saginari. II. To welter; in re volutari, or se volutare ; se in rem immergere. To BATTER, v. a. Ferire tundere caedere To
v. n.
I.
; ; ; ;

To BATTEN,

The point of a ship's head ; rostrum. III. (In geography) A promontory ; lingula, x, f., Caes. ; promontorium. BEAKED, a Rostratus.
Piece of timber ; trabs, abis, f. ; lignum, long entire beam ; trabs perpetua, Vitr. composed oj several pieces ; trabs compactilis, Vitr. Space between tiro beams ; intertignium, Vitr. II. Ray of light ; raA small beam; trabecula, Vitr. III. Part of a balance ; scapus, dius, i, m. ; see RAY. The ends of a beam ; capita, um, i, m., Vitr. ; jugum IV. The pole of a carriage ; temo, onis, m. pi., Vitr. V. Part of a weaver 't A bar on the beam ; jugum. VI. Part of a press ; arbor, oris, m., loom; jugum. VII. Any transverse rod or pole; jugum; raPlin.
s. I.
i,

BEAM.
;

demoliri ; disturbare ; deturbare ; diruere ; affligere ; exscindefe, Caes. BATTERED, part. a. Quassatus ; afflictus ; fractus ; lacer ; laceratus. BATTERING-RAM, s. Aries, etis, Of or belonging to a battering-ram ; arietarius, Vitr To strike with a To be shaken battering-ram ; arietare ; ariete pulsare. by a battering-ram : ariete crebro labare, "Virg. j&reach made by a battering-ram arietatio, Sen. BATTERY, s. I. Prop. Tormentorum sedes, or
batter

down;

n.

Caes. -

A beam

,-

tormenta bellica in suggestu disposita To form or raise a battery ; tormenta locare, or disII. Fig. i. e. Machination; machinaa, arum. ponere. To direct a battery against any one ; dplum et machinam ad aliquem commoliri, Cic. alicui pestem, or calamitatem, machinari, Auct. ad Her. A field of battle ; BATTLE, s. Praelium pugna A decisive battle ; pugna decretoria, pugnae locus, Sail To To prepare for battle ; in aciem accingi. Quint advance to battle ; in aciem exire, prodire, or procedere, Cic. To give battle ; hosti potestatem pugnae facere ; To accept battle ; hostes ad pugnam lacessere, Liv. To decline battle ; pugnam pugnam non detrectare, Liv To join battle ; praelium committere ; ad abnuere, Liv.
suggestus, us
;
; ;

dius.
v. n. Radiare, Col. ; radios spargere, Plin. Radians, Virg. Faba, ae, f. Of or belonging to a bean; The husk or shell of a bean ; fabalis fabarius ; Plin Bean straw ; fabalia, ium, n. pi., siliqua fabalis, Plin. Col Bean flour or meal; lomentum, Plin A kidneybean ; phaseolus. i, m., Virg. BEAR. s. Ursus, i, A little bear; ursulus A A bear's cubs ; ursae catuli. Of she-bear ; ursa, ae, f. or belonging to a bear ; ursinus. The Bear (as a conThe greater Bear; stellation) ; Ursa, Oy. ; Arctos, i, f. The lesser Ursa, or Arctos, major Helice, es, f., Cic. Bear ; Ursa, or Arctos, minor ; Cynosura, ae, f., Cic.

To BEAM. BEAMY, a.
BEAN.
;

s.

venire ; cum hoste confligere ; acie congredi ; To gain a battle ; hostem collatis signis dimicare, Cic. vincere ; ab hoste victoriam reportare, or referre ; hostes fugare ; hostium copias lundere ; e pra>lio superiorem discedere. To lose a battle ; a praalio inferiorem discedere. BATTLE-ARRAY, s. Acies To form in battle-array ; in aciem se committere, Liv. To march in battleTo draw up in battlearray ; instructa acie procedere. aciem instruere, Cic., instiTer., ; componere, array tuere, Caes., disponere, exornare, Sail., Tac., ordinare, Curt. ; aciem struere adversus hostes ; copias in aciem An educere, Cic. ; pugna? faciem componere, Tibull army drawn up in battle-array ; compositum ad pugnam agmen ; instructa acies ; instructus exercitus.

pugnam

To

B.EAR. v.a.

tare.

To carry; ferre; portare gesThatcannot beborne; ingestabilis, Plin. II. To


I.
; ; ; ;

BATTLEDOOU.

s.

Palmula

lusoria.

The wall was furnished BATTLEMENT, s. Pinna, ae, f. with battlements; pinnae fastigium muri distinxerant, Curt. BAVIN, s. Breyior lignorum fasciculus (In war) ; virgultorum fascis. BAWBLE. s. Res nihili pi., gerrae nugae ; tricae. BAWDY, &c. See OBSCENE, &c. To bawl out against; To BAWL. v. n. Clamitare. in alterum canina verba latrare, alicui allatrare, Cic. Mart. BAWLER. s. Clamosus ; fern, clamosa latratpr.
; ; ; ;

BAWLING, BAY. s.
f.,

s.
I.

Clamitatio

sinus, us. tura, ae,

An opening of the sea into the land ; II. A gap left for a door or window ; aperA bay-window ; fenestra in arcum Vitr.

importuna clamitatio.

III. To keep one at bay ; ducta, arcuata, or cava. retardare ; alicui moram, or tarditatem, afferre ; morari. BAY. (Equus) badius, Varr., spadix, phceniA bright bay horse ; equus run coloris. ceus, Cell To BAY. v. n. To bark as a dog ; latrare ; alla.

trare.

BAY-TREE,
daphne,
es,
f.

s.
;

Laurus, i, nerium, i, n.
f.

f.
;

.Plin

Rose bay-tree ; rhodoCherry bay-tree ;

laurocerasus,

i,

BAYONET,

s.

Sica,

a*, f.
;

1. To exist; esse BE. v.n. exsistere, Cic. To have some certain state, quality, condition, or III. To belong ; esse alicujus ; ad aliaccident; esse. IV. To be at or in, i. e. to be siquem pertinere. To be tuate at or in a place ; esse, or versari, in loco at home, in the city, in the country ; esse domi, in Not to be at home, or in the city ; domo, urbe, rure. N. B. In Enor a domo, urbe, or ab urbe, abesse. glish, the verb To be is the auxiliary by which the passive is formed, and must be expressed by the use of the form of the Latin verbs. In other cases, also, it passive is not expressed in Latin by the verbs above cited, but in various ways, which can be ascertained only by practice, and by a general acquaintance with the two lan-

To

II.

guages.

BEACH, s. Litus, ons, n. ; acta, a?, BEACON, s. Specularis significatio,


fire,

f.

ora,

se, f.

Plin. A beaconor torch; praenuntiativi ignes, Plin.; luminis in;

signe nocturnum, Liv.

fax.
i.

BEAU. s. BBADLE.

Globulus. Accensus,

m.

apparitor.

III. support; sustinere sustentare ; ferre tolerare. To endure, suffer, undergo ; pati tolerare ; perferre ; ferre To bear patiently ; facile pati ; toleranperpeti ter, patienter, pacate et moderate, aequo aniino, ferre, Cic. To bear hardly ; indigne, aegre, or iniquo animo, IV. To permit, moleste, or graviter, ferre, Cic. pati to suffer without resentment ; sinere ; rem alicui permittere. V. To be capable of, to admit ; pati The matter will not bear delay ; res nullam patitur moram, Ov. ; res non recipit cunctationem, Liv Light wines will not bear water ; levia vina nihil yalent in aqua, Cic. Not able to bear such costs; sumptibus impar. VI. To proVII. To bring forth ; duce (fruit); (fructum) ferre. VIII. See To POSSESS, GAIN, MAINerre; parere. TAIN ; when the word occurs in either of these significaIX. 1. To bear aid; alicui auxilium, or opem, tions. 2. To bear arms; see To CARRY, V. 14. ferre, Caes. 3. To bear one's setf as ; se gerere (with ut, or pro). 4. To bear away or off; rem e loco asportare, exportare, auferre ; toliere ; trahere. 5. To bear the blame of a matter ; rem aliquem sui periculi facere, Ter. ; crimen in se trahere. 6. To bear one company ; comitari ; see also, To ACCOMPANY. 7. To bear date ; dari Bearing A letter beardate; cui adscriptus, or appositus, est dies ingthe date of Rome ; epistola Rpmaedata. 8. To bear obruere: down; prosternere (in argument) ; vincere. 9. To bear good will or respect; animo esse in aliquem 10. To bear a benevolo ; alicui favere, or studere. or spite ; odisse ; infensum esse odio habere. frudge 1. To bear in mind ; see To REMEMBER. 12. To bear out; see To SUPPORT. 13. To bear proportion; proportionem comparationemque habere, Cic.; consentire, 14. To bear a price ; preCic.; see also PROPORTION. tium habere. 15. To bear resemblance or likeness ; see To RESEMBLE. 16. To bear rule or sway ; dominare ; regnare imperium exercere. 17. To bear towards ; see To APPROACH. 18. To bear up; fulcire ; see also, To SUPPORT. 19. To bear with; (amici peccatis) indulgere ; see also, To EXCUSE, PARDON. 20. To bear witness ; testari ; testimonium dicere, praebere, reddere, &c. ; see also, To TESTIFY. I. To BEAR. v.n. To be patient; pati; perpeti; II. To be fruitful or prolific; frucpatientia uti, Cic. tum ferre or simply, ferre. Cato ; esse fertilem. III. To be situate with respect to other places ; situm, or posiIV. To succeed; prospere procedere; ex tum, esse. / bring all sententia succedere ; bonum exitum habere my designs to bear ; quidquid ago, lepide omnia prospereque eveniunt, Plaut. ; see also, To SUCCEED. BEARD, s. Barba, a?, f. A grey beard ; barba alba, A red beard; barba aurea, Plaut., candidior, Virg Plin Having a red beard ; aeneobarbus ; ahenobarbus. Along beard; barba promissa, Liv., prolixa, Virg A young That has a long beard ; vir barba majore, Cic or tender beard ; barba incipiens. That has a young or tender beard; barbatulus His beard begins to grow ; increscit barba genis, Lucan. That has no beard ; imThat has a large or good beard ; bene harberbis, Cic. To let the beard grow ; barbam pascere, batus, Cic To Hor., .pronaittere, Liv., submittere, alere, Sen
; ; ; ; ; ;

BEARD
The stroke the beard ; barbam maim mulcere, Ov An ear of corn heard of corn ; aristae, arum, f. pi., Cic without a beard ; spica mutica, Varr. I. To take by the beard; alicui To BEARD, v. a. II. To oppose to the face ; os barbam vellere, Hor. alicujus convicio verberare, Cic. ; coram, prcesente aliquo, or in ore alicujus, convicium facere alicui. I. Said of men; barhatus; bene barBEARDED, a. II. Said of an ear of corn; vallo aristarum hatus. III. Said of an arrow ; hamatus, Curt. munita, Cic.
s. Lator ; portitor. Bearer of a litter, fyc. ; A water-bearer ; aquarius ; fern., aquae gesVal. Max. A letter-bearer; tabellarius, Cic.; A bearer of news; nuntius, Cic. literarum lator, Sen. \. Relative situation of a place ; situs, BEARING, s. II. us. fis; positus, Behaviour; habitus, us; agendi

BEAUTEOUS
hat; petasus e fibrinis, or castoreis, pilis contextus. III. Part of a helmet ; buccula, Liv BEAUTEOUS or BEAUTIFUL, a. I. (Spoken of persons) ; formosus decorus ; speciosus pulcher, pulchra venustus Cic. A beautiful youth ; puer egregia forma,
;

II.

BEAKER,

lecticarius.

tatrix,

ratio
udis,

I. A brute animal ; bestia, as, f. ; pecus, s. A little beast ; bestiola, ae, f. A great or enorA tame beast ; bestia cicur. beast ; bellua, ae, f. A four-footed beast ; A wild beast ; fera bestia, Cic Beasts of the field or pasture ; quadrupes, edis, f. Beasts burden A beast n jumentum. ; of oris, pecus, of burden; veterina? (sc. bestiae, or pecudes), Varr. ; vet'erina (sc. animalia), Plin. Of or belonging to a beast; To expose to the bclluinus; (of a wild beast) ferinus A show beasts ; ad bestias mittere ; feris abjicere, Cic II. of wild beasts (fighting) ; ludus bestiarius, Suet. stupid person ; stolidus, Liv. ; Ter. ; tarda et languida pecus, Cic.

modus.

BEAST,
f.

mous

BEASTLY, BEASTLINESS, a., s. See BRUTAL, BRUTALITY. The BEAT. s. i.e. A stroke; ictus, us; percussio.

beat of the pulse; venarum pulsus, or percussus, us, The beat of the heart ; cordis palpitatio, Plin. Plin. At the beat of the drum; ad tympani sonum ; pulsato
I. To strike, knock ; ferire ; pulv. a. To beat a drum ; tympanum sare ; caedere ; tundere. II. To pulsare, or tundere, Ov. ; tympanizare, Suet. punish with stripes or blows ; aliquem verberare, caedere, alicui verbera verberibus adhibere, accipere ; percutere, Cic.; plagas infligere, or imponere, Cic., or inferre, III. Plin. To be beaten ; vapulare ; plagas accipere. To break to powder ; pinsere ; pilo contundere ; tundere IV. To aliquid in farinam ; or simply, tundere, Plin. V. To thin by blows; in laminas ducere; tundere.

tympano. To BEAT.

pulcher aspectu, or visu, Cic. ,4 beautiful house; prseclara ad aspectum domus, Cic A beautiful A beautiful situ country ; rus amcenissimum, Cic ccelum serenum. Beautiful words; splendida verbal Cic. ; speciosa vocabula, Hor. To BEAUTIFY, v. a. Ornare ; exornare, Cic BEAUTY, s. I. Assemblage of graces and proportion of parts ; pulchritudo, mis, i. species ; decor ; forma formositas. Finished or perfect beauty ; forma egregia' Female beauty ; venustas.' Ter., castigatissima, Cic Faded beauty ; forma immutata Slie is a person of est mira oris et vultus venustatis eximia great beauty ; or excellent! formae pulchritudine To be proud of one's beauty; forma superbire, Ov Beauty of a place; loci amoenitas, Cic. Beauty of colours ; colorum The beauty of virtue ; recti decor, Ov gratia, Plin. verborum Beauty of expression; splendor, Cic. eloquii Beauties of a discourse, of a language nitor, Ov II. A beautiful lepores, urn, m. pi., Cic. female ; formosa puella, or mulier ; forma, Ter. To BECALM, v. a. Sedare ; tranquillare ; placare. BECAUSE, conj. Quia ; quod ; with an indicative or conjunctive eo quod, with a conjunctive. BECAUSE OF. prep. Propter; ob Because of that ; propterea ob earn causam, or rem ; ea de causa , ideo ; idcirco Because of the great numbers ; praa multiBecause of the hope which he had; a spe tudine, Cic. quam habebat, Liv. Because of me, you, fyc. ; mea, tua causa, &c. BECK. s. Nutus, us signum. To BECKON, v. n. Signum dare. (With the hand) ; rnanu significare, Sail.
things);
; ; ;
:

puerinsigmpulchraque facie, Pheedr. A beautiful woman; insignis forma mulier, Tac. II. (Spoken of
,

Cic.

ground to rouse game ; feras concursando excitare ; silvas persultare, Tac., or exagitare, VI. To mix things; rem rei, re, cum re, misMart. cere, Plin.; rem cum alia commiscere; rem rei admisVII. To batter with engines of war ; quacere, Cic. VIII. To dash (as water) alluere ; tere ; verberare^ IX. To conquer, vanquish (in battle) ; hostes alludere. fundere, caedere, profligare, or conticere; hostibus cladem To be beaten; fundi fugarique, Liv. j cladem aflerre Cic. X. To excel, outdo; superare; superiorem accipere. XI. To move (the wings) with fluttering agievadere.
strike bushes or
;
;

BECOME, v. n. Fieri ; evadere. The grape becomes red ; uva ruborem trahit, Ov. If a man becomes a brute ; si quis ex homine se convertat in From a poor man he is become rich ; ex belluam, Cic. He had become a paupere dives evasit, or factus est good pleader ; is in aliquem patronorum numerum perSome men cannot become orators ; venerat, Cic. quidam in oratorum numerum venire non possunt, Cic. What will become of me? quid mihi net ? Plaut. ; quid me net ? Ter. ; quid de me net ? Cic. To BECOME, v. a. I. (Said of persons) ; rei, or ad rem, aptum, idoneum, or accommodatum esse. II. ( Said of things) ; alicui convenire ; cum aliquo congruere
decet.

To

BECOMING,
veniens
;

BECOMINGLY, ad,
decore
;

a. Aptus ; accommodatus ; idoneus ; concongruens ; decens. Apte ; convenienter ; congruenter ; decenter ; ut decet, Cic.

tation; (alls) plaudere.Virg. ; alas concutere, Claud., verberare, Plaut., quatere, Virg., plausu premere, Cic. XII. I. To beat against (as waves against a rock) ; ad scopulum allidi, Caes. ; a saxo frangi, Cic. 2. To beat the air; H tus arare. 3. To beat back ; see To REPULSE, REPEL. 4. To beat down; see To BATE, DESTROY, OVERTHROW. 5. To beat off; depellere; repellere; arcere ; aliquem a loco removere, or prohibere. 6. To beat oni ; see To DRIVE, SPREAD, THRESH. 7. To beat the streets ; otiose concursari ; errare. 8. To beat up ; see

BECOMINGNESS. s. Decorum ; condecentia, Cic. BED. s. I. Something made to sleep on ; lectus ; torus ; A little bed ; lectulus, Cic. A low cubile, is, n., Cic. bed ; grabatus, Cic A state bed ; lectus ad speciem pul-

To move in a pulsatory manner, to throb; micare The pulse beats; venae palpitare. The heart beats ; cor palpitat. His heart micant, Cic. began to beat ; cor ccepit in pectus emicare, Plaut. BEATEN. parC. a. Verberatus pulsatus ; percussus, Cic. To be beaten ; Beaten with rods ; virgis cassus, Cic. To be beaten to death ; verberibus vapulare; verberari caedi ad necem. That deserves to be beaten ; verberabiOne that is often beaten ; verbero, onis, m., lis, Plaut.
v n.
.

To ATTACK. To BEAT,

i.

e.

weather-beaten ship ; navis tempestate jacA beaten tata. A beaten army , ca?sus exercitus, us path or road ; via trita, Cic.. frequens, Ov., Celebris, Varr. ; tritum iter, Cic. I. One who beats; qui verberat, &c. ; BEATER, s. A gold-beater; bracceator. (verberator, Prudent.) II. An instrument ; pilum ; pistillum. BEATIFIC or BEATIFICAL, a. Beatus ; (beatificus, Apul.). BEATIFICATION, s. (In the Romish church; ; alicujus
in beatorum

Plaut

cherrime ornatus, Cic. A field-bed; lectus castrensis. A feather-bed ; culcita plumea, Cic The edge of abed; Mart. To make a bed ; lectum sternere, ae, f., sponda, To go to bed; cubile inire, Cic. ; lecto se componere, To be in bed; cubare ; in lecto esse ; Cic To Virg To keep one's bed ; in lecto jacere lecto detineri, Cic. rise from bed; surgere ; surgere e lecto, Cic. ; surgere To put (an invalid) to bed ; (aegrotum) cubitu, Cato in cubili collocare, Cic A marriage-bed; lectus genialis, or nuptialis, Cic. ; lectus jugalis ; thalamus ; A bed-curtain ; siparium, Cic. ; supcubile, Virg. A bed-post ; columella. II. Marriage ; parium, Juv III. The channel of a conjugium nuptiae, arum, pi. The Nile overflows its river, or any hollow ; alveus. IV. bed; effert se Nilus alveo extra ripas diffluit. Bank of earth raised in a garden ; area ; pulvinus Col. A little bed ; areola ; pulvinulus ; Col. V. A layer, stratum; pulvinus. To BEDABBLE or BEDASH, v. a. Madefacere ; aspergere ;
; ; ; ;

conspergere.

To BEDAGGLE
;

gere, or perfundere, Cic.

To BEDAUB,

conspurcare

BEDCHAMBER,

or BEDASH, v. a. Luto inficere, asper; luto conspurcare, Col. Cceno oblinere, Cic.; macularc ; deturpare, Suet.
v. a.
s.

numerum
v.

Conclave,

is,

n.

cubiculum

Cic.

To BEATIFY,

adscriptio.
I.

dormitorium, Plin.

heaven ; aliquem in numerum person beatorum referre, or beatorum numero adscribere. II. To make happy ; beare ; beatum reddere. BEATITUDE, s. (Beatitas beatitudo, Cic.) felicitas. BEAU. s. Trossulus, i. m., Sen. Pers. ; ventosus To act the beau; bellulum sibi juventa et vaniloquus. vidcri decus affectare, Plin. BBATE&. s. I. A certain animal; castor, Juv. ; fiber, Plin. Of a beaver ; castoreus fibrinus Plin.
; ; ;
;

a. is received into

To declare publicly that a

BEDCLOTHES, s. pi. Stragula vestis ; stragulum, Cic. ; toral, alis, n., Hor. ; lodix, icis, f., Juv. To BEDECK, v. a. Ornare; exornare decorare ; Cic. To BEDEW, v. a. Irrorare leni aspergme fovere, Plin.
: ;

Ep.

leviter aspergere, conspergere. BEDFELLOW, s. Lecti socius, or socia ; concubitor troublesome bedfellow ; concubitor inolestus. BEDIM, v. a. Obscurare ; rei obscuritatem aflferre. To bedim the light of reason; mentis luminibus
;

To

officere.

BEDIZEN
BEDIZEN, v. a, Ornare ; exornare. BEDLAM, BEDLAMITE, s. See MAD, MADMAN. BEDPOST, s. Columella, ae, f. BEDRID or BEDRIDDEN, a. In lecto jacens, decumbens,
or detentus, Cic.

BEGGAR
II. F5p.

To

ducere

To produce, cause, occasion ; gignere; pro;

eflicere

atlerre.
;
:

BEGGAR. 5. I. One who lives upon alms ; rrendicus mendica ; mendicabulum, PLiUt. the la ter word n.a> be
/J litue applied to rmileor feu.ale beggirs incifie.tn.U Ii. A petitioner ; rogator, Cic. ; bej.&ar ; menciiculus.
.

BEDSTEAD,

s.

Lecti lignea

com pages; sponda.

The

feet of a bedstead ; lecti fulcra, Varr., pedes, Colum. BEE. j. Apes, or apis, is, f. (gen. pi., apium, or apum).

Mart.

little

bee i apicula
;

apum examen.
Bees
aculeus

hum
.

apecula The hum of bees


;

A swarm

oj

b;cs;

A humble-bee ; fucus.. ; spiculum BEECH. lagus, i, f. BEECHEN. a. Fageus, Plin. ; faginus, Virg. ; fagineus, Ov. BEEF. s. Bubula, ae, f. (sc. caro) Beef-steak; bubula super craticula tosta. BEE-GARUEN. s. Alvearium, Col. BEEHIVE, s. Apiarium ; alvear, aris, n. BEE-MASTER, s. Apiarius, i, m. BEER. s. Cervisia, ae, f. zythum ; Plin. Red BEET. s. Beta, ae, f. Of beet ; betaceus, Varr
;

stridunt apes, Virg.

bombus, i, m., Plin. The sting of a bee ;

To BFGGAR. v. a. Alicui egestatem afferre, Cic. j reciigeie, Ter.; tortuuU evertere; bonis exhaurire, i-poliare et nudare, Cic To iie^ar t/ie soil ; agrum emacerare, Plin. BLGGARLY. a. I. Indigent; inops ; iudigens ; egens j rebus omnibus indigens, Cic. , inopia deperuitus, Phaedr. II. Mean; vilis vilis et abjnctui ; lontemj nendus ; spernendus ; despcieudus ; com en ptu tiignus. BEGGARY, s. Indigentia ; inopia; egestas. 'lo live in beggary ; vitam in egestate degere, Cic. Reduced to
aliquem ad inopiam

battle ; initium facere confligendi cum hoste, Cic To To complete begin a statue ; signum instituere, Cic what one has begun ; rem institutam absolvere Finish what you have begun ; pertexe quod exorsus es, Cic. Go on as you have begun ; perge ut instil uisti, or quod We have begun badly ; male posuirr.us ccepisti, Cic. You have begun well; bene habenl libi initia, Cic To begin well and end badly ; b >ni inprincipia, Ter Jtiis ordiri, tristes exitus habere, C\c. Theyhan begi.n to ask our opinion; consuli ccepti sumus, Cic. To BEFOOL, s. Aliquem infatuare, Cic. To i/e^in matters of importance with calling upon Cod ; ducere I. (Relating to place and situation) ; BEFORE, prep. ante ; apud ; in ; praatcr ; ob (ace.) pra ; coram ; sub principia rerum magnarum a Deo, Cic with tellBegin (abi.) Before the eyes of all men ; palam propalam ; ing me your name ; nomen tuum primum memora rnihi, coram omnibus ; omnium ante oculos, in oculis, in con- Plaut // was necessary to begin (the discourse) with To speak before a judge ; ad judicem this; hoc necessarium fuit praeloqui, Sen To begin spectu, Cic To have a thing always before one's eyes ; teaching ; alicui prima documenta tradere To begin dicere, Cic Place that before learning ; prima documenta accipere To begin a work nunquam a re oculos dejicere, Ov. / or undertaking ; opus aggredi. To begin to study a sub-' your eyes; id ante oculos vestros proponite, Cic. have that always before my eyes; id mihi semper obver- ject ; studium ad rem adjungere, Cic. Not to dare to appear before BEGINNER, s. I. One who satur ante oculos, Cic. begins ; qui incipit, iniHe forbade him to tium facit, &c. II. A novice ; in re rudis et tiro, Cic. one; alterius ora erubescere, Cic. A beginner in learning or a science ; elementarius, appear before him ; eum in conspectum suum venire II. (Relatingtotime) ; ante (ace.) Before Sen. vetuit, Cic. BEGINNING, s. I. Commencement; that ; antequam; priusquam; with a conjunctive. Before principium \. the ante lucem Before appointed daylight ; day ; initiam ; orsus, us. The beginning of all things ; rerum To blossom before the time ; praeno- primordia The beginning of a discourse ; orationis exante dictam diem, Combatants drink before the fight ; pugna- ordium, or exorsus, us The beginning of a work ; rere, Plin. He- operis incceptio, Cic From the beginning ; ab initio ; a tores certaturi cyathum unum praesumunt, Plin. arrived tiro days before me; biduo me antecessit, Cic At, or in, the beginning ; initio ; principle. principle. At the beginning of spring ; ineunte vere, Cic. ; pnmo III. The day before the marriage ; pridie nuptiarum. At the beginning of January ; ineunte Januario r (Relating to preference or choice) ; ante ; potius ; citius vere. Cic. The end corresponds to the beginning ; primis I V. (Relating to priorityin order or compari(quam). From the beginning to the end; a congruunt ultima. son) ; ante; praa. I. In front ; a fronte. II. In time BEFORE, ad. capite usque ad calcem, Plaut. ; a calce ad carceres ; a Cic. Ter carceribus ad antea calcem ante Cic. ; a carceribus ad metas, Varr. ; ; ; dudum, prius ; ; Long past; A few days The beginning of a reign ; regni novitas, Virg. II. before ; longe ante ; multo ante ; Cic. 111. To this time, hitherto ; Rudiments ; (scientiae) elementa, prima initia, or rudibefore ; paucis ante diebus. III. Origin, cause ; origo ; fons ; usque adhuc, Ter. ; usque ad hoc tempus ; adhuc ; Cic. menta, n. pi., Cic. IV. Already ; jam jam nunc jam turn. Of which principium. BEGONE, interj. Abi ; abi in malam rem : abi hinc at> I have spoken before ; dequo praedixi, Veil. BEFORE, conj. Antequam ; priusquam ; with a con- oeulis meis, Ter. To BEGREASE. v. a. Adipe ungere, or illinere. junctive. To be beforeTo BEGRIME, v. a. Coeno oblinere ; maculare j conBEFOREHAND, ad. Ante ; antea ; prius. hand with any one ; alicui antevertere, Ter. ; aliquem spurcare. To BEGUILE, v. a. Seducere ; in malum inducere ; in To be beforehand with a thing; rem pra?vertere, Cic. fraudem impellere, or illicere ; decipere ; fallere ; in erprcevenire, anticipare, or prajripere, Cic. BEFORETIME. ad. Quondam, Cic. ; antiquitus, Ca?s. rorem, or in captionem, inducere ; alicui illudere ; irretire. To BEFOUL. See To SOIL. To beguile tlie hours ; fallere horas, Ov. BEHALF, s. I. In behalf of, i. e. in favour of; aliTo BEFRIEND, v. a. Alicui favere, studere, suffragan, esse or gratia On your behalf ; tua causa ; tui adjuvari. causa, cujus adjumento ; aliquem I. To entreat ; rogare aliquem rem, II. On behalf of, i. e. on the To BEG. v. a. ergo ; propter te. part of; To beg humbly ; summisse alicui supplicare, alicujus jussu, or nomine. or de re On behatfof the king ; regis Cic. To beg earnestly ; aliquem obtestare, or obtestari ; jussu ; auctoritate regia Call him on my behalf; voca I beg and beseech ilium meis verbis, Plaut. Salute him on my beha(fj flagitare rem aliquem, or ab aliquo. To beg hunc meo nomine, or meis verbis, or a me, saluta, Cic. you ; omnibus precibus te oro atque obtestor. To beg To BEHAVE, v. n. Se gerere ; se traetare ; se praaso as to obtain ; rem ab aliquo exorare, Ter. /. beg pardon for bere ; Cic. pardon ; veniam petere, or poscere. or dixerim ; bona tua venia BEHAVIOUR, s. i. e. Conduct, course .of life ; ratio, Cic. j ; pace tua dicam, saying II. To ask on dicam ; mihi ignoscas, si dixero, Cic. vitae, or vivendi, ratio ; mores. altero To another the To BEHEAD, v. a. Aliquem capite plectere, securi fe; supplicare. beg for of pro behalf pardon of another ; gratiam, or vitam, alicujus ab aliquo rire, or percutere, Cic.; decollare, Sen.; alicui collum III. To ask alms ; mendicare ; emensecare ; caput a cervkibus abscindere, Cic. deprecari, Cic. To beg one's bread BEHEST. See COMMAND. dicare, Suet. ; quaeritando colligere. BEHIND, ad. Pone ; retro ; retrorsum ; a tergo *rom door to door ; panem ostiatim petere, Plant. ; victum IV. To seek or ask acPhsedr. To look behind ; respicere. for meanly; rogare, V To beg the question ; ponere, or faBEHIND, prep. Post ; pone (ace.). Behind the wall; cersere, Cic. There was a garden behind the cere, rem esse. post parietem, Cic. To BEG. v. n. i.e. To go a begging; mendicare; sti- house; hortus erat posticis aedium partibus, Liv. To To live by begging; mendicantem vi- hide one's self behind another ; alterius corpore se obtepem colligere. The hands behind the back ; manibus ad vere, Plaut. ; victum quaeritare. gere, Cic. I. v. a. To BEGET, Prop. Generare; procreare; tergum rejectis ; retortis tergo brachiis, Hor., post terga To flee without looking behind one ; sine Begotten ; genitus ; prognatus revinctis, Virg gignere ; pi oducere. To leave one behind; aliquem Only be- respectu fugere, Liv procreatus. -First begotten; primogenitus Behind your back ; te augotten; unious ; unigena, ae, c., Cic. ; (unigenitus, Tert.). procul se relinquere, Quint

wooden instrument used by paviors

or be-t-root; beta rubra, Plin. 1. An insect ; scarabasus, i, m. II. A Bi ETLE. s. to drive the stones; III. A heavy mallet ; fistuca, Varr. ; pavicula, Col. malleus. To BEFALL, v. n. Contingere ; fieri ; evenire j cadere ; accidere incidere ; Cic. To BEFIT, v. a. Alicui convenire ; cum aliquo congruere ; apte cadere in rem ; in aliquem quadrare ; decet ;
beet,
;

To be reduced to beggary ; beggary; see BEGGARLY, I rei familiaris jacturam facere bonis exhauriri Cic. To BEGIN, v. a. and n. hem incipere, cccipere inthoare ; ordiri. To begin afresh ; redintegiare re&umere. To begin a quarrel ; initium rixa? facere he began the quarrel ; mihi jurgium intulit, Pfoaedr. To begin a
;

BEHINDHAND
Tie left nothing b"hind him at sente dam abesses, Cic. his death ; moriens reliqui nihil fecit de bunis, Cic. To be behindhand with another in BEHINDHAND, ad To Le beany respect ; alicui cedere; ab aliquo vinci. h.'ndhandin the world, i. e. to be in d"bt ; in multis nominibus haerere ; reliquiis aeris alien! obstringi, Cic. One who is behindhand ; reliquator, Plaut. To BEHOLD, v. a. Aliquem, or rem, aspicere ; in aliquera oculos conjicere ; intueri ; contemplari considerare. Fig. ; attento animo, or omni acie ingenii, contemplari.
; ;

BELL
BELL.
s.

2Es carrpanum

tintinnabulum.

A church

BEHOLD,

To BE BEHOLDEN, v. n. Alicui debere gratiam. To be beholden to another for one's life ; alterius beneficio lam beholden to you for it ; muneris id vivere, Caes. tui est. tVe are beholden to y >ufor this invention ; tibi You are beholden to hujus rei debetur inventio, Plin. my counsels for your fame ; tua laus a meis consiliis proficiscitur.

inter}

En

bell of a flower ; campana, ae, f. (in modern writers). Alarm-bell; sens cara^ani crebra citaque pulsatio, or sonus citatissimus. To sound the alarm-bell in re aeris crebro sonitu vocare auxilia. trepida campani A chime of bells ; modulatus aeris campani sonitus ad nu; meros aeris campani pulsus A ring of bells ; multiplicis aeris campani concentus. To bear the bell ; aliis re

bell; campana; nola. (in ecclesiastical writers) To rins a bell; oescampanum, or tintiim .bulum, The pulsare. bell rings ; tintinnabulum pulsatur, sonat, or auditur.

The

ecce.

praestare.

BELL-CLAPPER, s. Ferrea clava, or tudicula. BELLE, s. Formosa mulier, or puella ; quae decus af
fectat.

BEHOOF,
it

s.

IT BEHOVES, v.imp. behoves ; ut par est.

See ADVANTAGE, PROFIT. Decet; convenit


I.

oportet.
is

As

BEING,

s.

Existence; exsistentia
;

not Latin:

Bellum gerens. BELLMAN, s. i. e. A public crier ; pra?co, onis, m. To BELLOW, v. n. Boare mugire mugitum edere. BELLOWING, s. Boatus mugitus, us. BELLOWS. s. Follis, is, m., Plaut. Forge-bellotos : follis tabrilis, Liv. To blow the fire with the bellows ; admotis follibus ignem flatu accendere, Curt.
; ;
;

BELLES-LETTRES, BELLIGERENT, a.

s.

Literae humaniores.

the meaning

tendunt Deum exsistere, or, fidem numinis t'aciunt. Things which have being ; res qua? existunt ; ea quaa sunt reipsa, or reapse, Cic. We are indebted to God for our being ; hoc debemus Deo quod sumus. To give II. That which exists ; natura; res; being to ; creare. Cic. ; quod est, Quint. Ens is mentioned by Quintilian as having been sometimes used ; but it is not found in The Supreme Being ; natura divina. good writers. Created beings ; res creatae, or a Deo conditae. Animate and inanimate beings ; animantia et inanimantia ; quae sunt animata et quae anima carent, Sen. BEING THAT. conj. Quando quoniam; siquidem; quandoquidem ; quippe cum, Cic. quippe quoniam,
; ;

guments prove

may be expressed by a verb as, These arthe being of a God ; haec argumenta os-

belly ; venter obesus,


;

BELL-RINGER, s. JEris campani pulsator. BELLY, s. Venter, tris, m. ; alvus, i, f. A punchSuet That has a punch-belly ;

ventriosus, Plaut. ventrosus, Plin. ; deformis obesitate The lower belly ; abdomen, inis, n ventris, Suet To make a god of one's belly ; ventre duci gulae parere, Hor. To cram one's belly ; ventrem farcire ; ingurgitare se cibis, Cic. ; onerare se cibo. The belly of a vessel, 8jc. ; venter, Virg. ; amplitude, Plin.; capacitas, Col. To BELLY or BELLY OUT.,^. n. Ventrem fucere. BELLY-ACHE. 5. Intestini, or intestini plenioris, morTo have the bus, Cels. ; colum ; tormina, um, n. pi. belly-ache ; torminibus aflici, Plin. ; ex intestine pleniori laborare, Cels.
;

BELLY-BAND, s, Equi cingula. BELLY-BOUND, a. Cui alvus est


quiescit, Cels.
;

To BELABOUR, v. a. Plagis To BELCH, v. n. Ructare


;

liberaliter excipere. eructare ; Cic. ; ructari,

adstrictior, or concui alvus dura moratur, Hor To be

To cause to belch ; ructus movere, Plin. BELCH, s. Ructus, us, m. BELDAM, s. Saga ; venefica, ae, f. To BELEAGUER, v. a. See To BESIEGE. BELFRY, s. JEris campani turris. To BELIE, v. a. I. To counterfeit ; imitatione exII. To slanprimere, or consequi ; simulare; imitari.
Varr.

excernere, Hor. satis superque. ; Gulae deditus, Ter. ; vorax ; suo natus To be a bellygud ; ibdomini, Cic.; gulosus, Sen gulae parere ; duci ventre, Hor.

belly-bound

diflficillime

BELLYFUL, BELLYGOD.

s.

Satis

s.

BELLYWORMS.
nimalia, Plin.

s.

pi. Tineae, taeniae,


I.

arum,

f.

pi.; ventris

To BELONG,
to

v. n.
;

To be

the

property of;

ad

der ; aliquem calumniari ; falso crimine accusare alicui falsum crimen objectare in aliquem calumniam adhibere, crimen fingere, falsum crimen contexere, Cic. III. To give the. lie ; falsi, or mendacii, aliquem arguere,
; ;

Cic.

alicui

pugnantia loqui.
Alicis,

mendacium arguere. To belie If you belie yourself; si


I.

one's self i
te mentiri

Cic.
s.

To attach belief Credence ; fides. to ; alicui credere, fidem habere, or tribuere ; rei fidem adit be credere. If jungere; worthy of belief; si credere o belief ; certus, dignum est, Virg. An author worthy of That exceeds or is luculentus, idoneus, auctor, Cic past belief; id excedit fidem, Ov. ; id fidem nullam habet, Cic. ; id abhorret a fide, Liv. ; id supra fidem est, Hard of belief; incredulus. Quint. ; qui fidem Quint.
BELIEF,
dictis non habet, Cic. ; all belief; incredibilis.
II.

ad credendum segnis, Liv.

Past

Easy of

belief;

credulus.

Persuasion ; sentiment i opinion ; persuasio, Quint. ; Tac. ; sententia ; opinio ; Cic. Contrary to general
praeter

belief;

omnium

Religious faith ; fides. Christianae capita. To BELIEVE, v. a. authority of another ;

The
I.

exspectationem, Cic. articles of our belief;

III.
fidei

To

credit
;

a thing upon the


fidem habere, or

rem credere

rei

believe the testimony of any one ; aliadjungere The thing cujus testimonio fidem adhibere, or tribuere. was believed ; res habuit fidem, Ov. A thing which will not be believed ; res fidei caritura, Plin. Do not believe ; ne crede, Virg. ; parcite credere, Ov. To cause another to believe a thing ; rem alteri persuadere. They make the people believe ; opinionem afferunt populo, Cic. To make others believe that he feared nothing ; ad speciem fiduciae, Hor They will never make^me believe it ; nunquam adducar ut id credam, Cic. ; nunquam id mihi persuaded poterit, Plin. II. To give credit to a person ; alicui credere ; fidei aliciijus credere ; fidem alicui habere, ferre, or adjungere. B.-lieve me ; mihi crede. They will not believe you ; non facies fidem. BELIEVE, v. n. Credere; existimare; putare; arbitrari ; opinari ; Cic. / believe firmly ; mihi persuasissimum est, Cic. As is generally believed ; ut creditur ; ut opinio est ; Cic. To believe in God ; de Deo credere. To believe one's self to be any thing ; putare se aliquid, Plin. -To believe one's self lost ; sibi desperare. He believed himself honoured ; id honori sibi duxit, Sail. BELIEVER, s. Qui credit, &c. A true believer (in a

To

esse alicujus. These things belong sunt All that belonged to us ; quse nobis erant propria. To belong to any one, i. e. to bs among his relatives ; aliquem sanguine attingere, Cic. ; aliquem propinquitate, Liv., or propinqua cognatione, To belong to, i. e. to be among the Curt., contingere. domestics of anyone ; esse in famulatu, Cic. ; aliquem ministerio contingere, Liv. II. To have relation to, to be in the province or business of ; ad aliquem, ad rem, That does not belong to me ; id pertinere, or attinere ad me non attinet, Cic This does not belong to you ; hoc te nihil contingit, Liv. The command belongs to This quesme; summa imperii ad me respicit, Caes tion belongs to philosophy ; haec quaestio circa philosoIII. To befit or becoming; decet ; phiam versatur. aequum, or par, esse. It does not belong to you to do this; hoc praeter aequum facis, Cic It belongs to a wise It belongs to me; meum est ; mcas man; sapientis est sunt partes, Cic. BELOVED, a. Alicui dilectus, Virg. ; carus atque jucundus, Cic Greatly beloved ; carissimus et amicissimus. Universally beloved ; universis carissimus, Nep. I. Under ; sub; subter (ace., abl.); BELOW, prep. infra (ace.) To be below a place ; loco subjacere. To come from below the earth ; extra terram emergere, To regard as below II. Unworthy of ; infra. Plin. im ; alienum dignitate sua ducere, Cic. ; infra se puTo look upon another as tare et judicare, Plin. Ep. below him ; aliquem ut imparem spernere, Tac. His fortune is below his hopes ; fortuna spei non responBelow three years (in age); det. III. Less than. minor quam trimus, Plin.

aliquem pertinere

me ;

haec

mea

BELOW,

ad.

I.

In the lower part


;

deorsum

infra;

To

n ima, or inferiori, parte inferne, Lucr. II. In the succeeding part (of a writing) ; deinde ; postea ; inferius. BELT. s. Balteus ; balteum. To BEMIRE. v. a. Luto inficere ; cceno aspergcre. To BEMOAN, v. a. Deplorare ; deflere ; dolere ; lacrymis prosequi
;

Cic.

See also

To BEWAIL.

BENCH,
scabile,
is,

s.

Scamnum.

little

(In a court of justice) ; subsellia, orum Rower's benches ; transtra, orum, n. pi. BENCHER, s. Assessor ; consessor. I. To crook, inflect , curvare ; To BEND. r. a. To bend th' knees ; ge.ncurvare ; inflectere ; flectere.

bench; scabellum

religious sense) plexatur. BELIKE, ad. 27

qui religionem. or fidem,


videtur.

suam am-

nua flectere, tere, Col.


act of

Ut

Ov To bend a branch ; rainum deflecThe To bend a bow ; arcum curvare, Ov. Bent; curvatus ; bending; inflexio ; curvatio. Bent forwards; pronus. "ncuivatus; incurvus

BEND
Sent backwards
actate,
;

BEItRY
A blackberry; morum, BERRY. *. Bacca, &, f. n. Bearing berries ; baccifer. BERYL, s. Beryllus, i, in., Plin. To
BESEECH,
;

recurvus

or

annis, gravis.

Bent down with years ; II. To direct to a certain

i,

point ; dirigere ; versare in, or ad ; convertere ad, or in ; To bend the mind to any thing; animum intendere ad. To ad rera convertere; cogitationes dirigere, Cic. bend one's course ; dirigere cursum ; dirigere se. III. To subdue ; alicujus superbiam frangere; aliquem
inI. To be incur v ated ; curvari On bended knees ; flexis genibus. To lean or jut over; exstare, Caes. eminere ; proIII. To be. submissive, to bow; abjicere minere, Plin. submittere se, Cic. superbiam ; superbiam ponere I V. To be bent upon any thing ; rei studere, se dead rem animum addicere or se studium dere, dare,
;

v. a.

See

deprimere Cic. To BEND. v. n.


;

curvari
II.

inflecti

To BESEEM, v. a. Alicui convenire ; cum aliquo congruere decet. I. To hem in, surround, inclose ; To BESET, v. a. aliquem circumsistere, circumstarej alicui circumfundi ; rem re circumdare, cingere, ambire Cic. II. To embarrass, perplex ; turbare ; negotium alicui facessere. I. At the side of, near ; BESIDE or BESIDES, prep. prope (ace.) ; prope a, or ab (abl.); juxta; propter; seII. Over and above ; prater (ace.). cundum (ace.). Beside himself; animi impos ; III. Beyond, out of. animi impotens ; impotenti animo ; suae mentis non com;

To BEG,

I. II.

appellere

Cic.
;

pos, Cic.
I.

BEND, s. Flexura, Vitr. curvamen, Ov. Under ; see BELOW, BENEATH, prep. I.

II.

insuper
jice

Unworthy of ; see BELOW, II. BENEATH, ad. See BELOW.


BENEDICTION, s. I. Blessing; in aliquem preces,um. To pronounce a benediction ; alicui bene precari ; see II. Praise, thanksgiving; laus BLESSING. gratiarum
;

BESIDE or BESIDES, ad. Praeter haec, Plaut. ; praeterea ; accidit eo quod ; Cic. ; hue adde quod, Liv. ; ad; quod (with an indicative), Sen. To BESIEGE, v. a. I. Prop. Urbem obsidere, ob-

actio.

Beneficium benefactum officium ; meritum Cic. See BENEFIT, FAVOUR. De altero bene meBENEFACTOR, BENEFACTRESS, s. Our benefactors; de nobis bene meriti ritus, merita. homines illi a quibus beneficia accepimus qui nos

BENEFACTION,
;

s.

sessam, or interclusam, tenere; vallo et fossa circumdare ; castris, or operibus munitionibusque, sepire, Cic. ; urbem obsidione, or oppidum copiis, cingere, Liy- ; adThe act of besieging ; obsessio, Cic. mceniare, Plaut. The art of besieging ; scientia oppugnationis, Cast. II. Fig. Circumsistere, Caes. ; circumvenire, Hor. ;
distinere, Tac.

beneficiis affecerunt, or ornavere, Cic.

BENEFICE, s. Church living; ecclesiasticum beneficium (in ecclesiastical writers). Beneficentia ; benefica voluntas ; BENEFICENCE, s. Cic. To be BENEFICENT, a. Beneficus ; benignus ; Cic. beneficent ; benigne facere, Cic. BENEFICENTLY, ad. Benigne. BENEFICIAL, a. Utilis alicui, or ad rem ; fructuosus. BeVery beneficial ; utilissimus ; perutilis ; Cic.

BESIEGED, part. a. Obsessus ; circumsessus ; circumdatus ; circumseptus ; circumclusus ; interclusus ; Cic To be besieged; obsessum teneri ; ab hostibus circumsideri, Cic Fig. Besieged by a crowd of people ; circumretitus frequentia populi, Cic.
BESIEGER,
s.

Obsidens
v. a.

The besiegers
;

obsessores,
;

um,

To BESMEAR,
;

pi.,

Liv.

conspurcare

Inquinare contaminare.

fccdare

spurcare

your

To BESPANGLE, v. a. Ornare bracteolis. To BESPATTER, v. a. Aliquem luto aspergere, perbenefactum ; meritum ; fundere, inficere, Cic., conspurcare, Col. To BESPEAK, v. a. I. To order or secure beforeofficium. To receive a benefit ; ab altero beneficium II. To entreat or gain beBenefits which hand; rem sibi providere. accipere; beneficio aflid, or or'nari Cic. or te beneante conciliare ; anteoccupare. mea have at hands received in, i forehand ; erga, praerogare ; my you III. To betoken, show ; ostendere ficia. significare ; deBenefits which we have received from him ; illius To confer a benefit ; beneficium ali- clarare ; patefacere ; indicare ; monstrare. erga nos merita. To BESPRINKLE, v. a. Aspergere ; conspergerecui dare, tribuere, in aliquem conferre ; aliquem beneBEST (superl. of Good), a. Optimus; potissimus. ficio aflicere, ornare, complecti, obligare aliquem beBEST (superl. of Well), ad. Optime; potissime; poneficii vinculis adstringere To be forgetful of a benefit To be grateful tissimum. received ; beneficium comedere, Cic. BESTIAL, BESTIALITY, BESTIALLY, ad. See BRUTAX, for benefits received; gratum et memorem beneficiorum To recompense one benefit bt/ another ; BRUTALITY, BRUTALLY. se proebere. To BESTIR ONE'S SELF. v. r. Moveri se movere. parem gratiam pro beneficio referre ; gratiam gratia mutuum Not to bestir one's self at all in a matter j ne digitum persolvere mutuam gratiam rependere ; Cic. gratiam alicui referre, Sail. quidem in rem porrigere, Cjc. To BENEFIT, v. a. Alicui benigne facere alicui To BESTOW, v. a. I. To give ; rem alteri dare, or commodare ; in aliquem beneficia conferre 'de aliquo largiri aliquem res, or rem alicui, donare.. II. To bene mereri ; Cic. III. To grant, not to withhold; dare; concedere. To BENEFIT, v. n. Quantum facere ; ex re utilita- apply, 'lay out; rem alicui, or ad rem, applicare, appotem percipere ; Cic. To bestow one's thoughts or nere, or admovere, Cic BENEVOLENCE, s. I. Disposition to dp good ; bene- attention upon ; rei, or ad rem, animum applicare ad, volentia. II. The good done ; beneficium; benefacrem se conferre, or mentem appellere ; in re animum potum meritum gratia officium. IV. 1. To bestow a kindness ; alicui granere, Cic. BENEVOLENT, a. Benevolus benevolens benignus. tiam dare ; de aliquo bene mereri ; beneficium alicui BENEVOLENTLY, ad. Benevole; benigne. dare, tribuere, in aliquem conferre ; aliquem beneficio To BE BENIGHTED. Nocte opprimi, Cic. ; conjicere se afficere ; Cic. 2. To bestow pains ; rei se dedere', in, or in noctem, Caes. ad, rem incumbere ; in re operam, or studium, ponere ; BENIGN, a. I. Kind ; benevolus benignus bonus operam rei dare, or impendere. humanus. II. To BESTOW ONE'S SELF. v. r. In re versari. See Wholesome; salubris, Hor. ; salutaris, Cic. above, To BESTOW, IV. 2. BENIGNITY, s. i. e. Kindness ; benignitas To BESTRIDE, v. a. (A horse) ; (equo) insidere. benevolentia humanitas. To BESTUD. v. a. Clavis ornare. BENIGNLY, ad. Benigne ; benevole ; humaniter. BET. s. Sponsio He has lost a great bet ; grand! BENISON. s. See BENEDICTION. sponsione victus est, Auct. ad Her. I. Curvity, flexure ; BENT. s. flexura curvamen. To BET. v. n. Pignore certare, Virg. ; aliquem sponII. Declivity; sione lacessere, Cic. ; cum aliquo sponsionem facere, Plin. declivitas, Caes.; devexitas, Plin. III. Inclination; voluntatis inclinatio animi proTo BETAKE ONE'S SELF. See To APPLY, RECOURSE,
BENEFIT,
s.

That is beneficial to the health ; salutaris. To be beneficial ; health ; id saluti tuae conducit. utilitatem habere, or afferre, Cic.; ad rem prodesse, Liv. BENEFICIALLY, ad. Utiliter ; (with regard to health), salubriter, Cic.
neficial to

BESOM, s. Scopae, arum, f. pi. A little besom ; scopula?, arum, Col. To BESOT, v. a. Hebetem, or barbarum ac stupidum To be bereddere, Cic.; mentem obtundere, Lucr sotted: obbrutescere, Lucr. ; hebetem, or bardum, fieri,
Cic.

Beneficium

pensio.

An

evil bent ; proclivitas, Cic.


;

pronitas, Sen.

To BENUMB,
confectus, Cic.

IV. Fixed purpose


v. a.

consilium
adstringit

propositum.

REMOVE. To BETHINK ONE'S

SELF.

Torporem obducere.
;

The limbs
vis frigoris.
;

To
dere
;

BETIDE, v. n.
accidere
\

are benumbed with cold

membra

See To CONSIDER. fieri ; evenire Contingere


;

oa-

incidere

Woe

betide

Benumbed with
;

you !

abi in

ma-

To BEQUEATH,
relinquere, Cic.

cold ; frigore, or gelu, rigens gelu torridus, Liv.


v. a.

frigore

lam rem.
BETIMES, ad.

Hem

Mature
v. a.

cito.

alicui

testamento legare,
lega-

To BETOKEN,
II.

I.

To mark, show; ostendere


;

BEQUEST,

s.

Legatum

To make a bequest ;

significare; declarare; patefacere

indicare
;

tum
tus.

To foreshow ; praenuntiare
;

przesignificare

monstrare. ; por-

To BEREAVE,

BEREAVED or BEREFT,

alicui scribere, Plin. Ep. v. a. Aliquem re privare, or orbare. a. Re privatus, orbus, or orba-

tendere

Cic.

Bereft of reason ; ratione destitutus, Cic Bereft of aid; auxilii inops, Liv., orbus, Piin. BEHGAMOT. s. Pirum Syrium, Virg. ; pirum bergo,

mium.

I. To deliver by treachery ; aliv. a. To betray the cause prodere, insidiqse tractare. To betray a secret; of a client; praevaricari, Cic amici arcana prodere, Plin., or in lucem proterre, Cic. II. To show, indicate ; ostendere ; significare ; dec!arare ; patefacere ; indicare ; monstrare.

To BETRAY,

quem

28

BETRAYER
BETRAYER,
Tnulier; Cic.
s.

BIDDER
homo
;

Proditor
t. a.

perfidus

perfidiosa

eos valere jussi

extremam salutem
;

illis

nuntiavi

illis

To BETROTH.
tior, potius.

Aliquem, or aliquam, spondere,


Melior, melius
ad.
;

Plant., or despondere, Cic. BETTER (compar. of Good), a.

po-

BETTER (compar. of Well),


commodius. To BETTER,
v. a.

Melius; potius;
;

dixi Cic. To leave without bidding adieu ; insalutatum linquere,Virg. To bid adieu to, i. e. to renounce, give up; rei nuntium remittere, renuntiare, salutem dicere, Cic. 2. To bid defiance.; provocare. 3. To bid fair ; exspectationem sui movere, commovere, A youth who bids fair to make a great facere, Cic. man; eximia spe, or prasditus summa spe, adolescens

plurimam salutem

Meliorem facere ; augere augere To better one's self; propromovere To better one's fortune ; rera augere ; rem familiarera exaggerare, Cic., or ampliare, Hor. BETTERS, s. pi. Superiores, pi. ; qui aliis prsesunt,
et amplificare ; ferre se, Plin

Cic.

BIDDER,

s.

(At an auction);

licitator,

Cic.

To be

praeficiuntur, przeponuntur.

the be$t bidder ; licitatione vincere To sell to the best bidder ; plurimi, or pluris, licitanti rem addicere, Liv It has been sold to the best bidder ; res augenti pretium cessit, Plin.

BETTOR,
selves
;

BETWEEN

friendship exists between us; mini cum illo amicitia licitatio, Cic. To BIDE. v. a. and n. See To ABIDE. There is this difference between magna intercedit, Cic BIENNIAL, a. Biennis, e. a father and a master ; J.IQC plater et dominus interest, BIER. s. Feretrum, Plin. ; lectica, Nep. ; sandapila, The nose is beTo be between; interjacere. Plaut. A space be- Mart. ; Suet, (perhaps an inferior kind of bier). tween the eyes; nasus oculis interjectus BIFORMED. a. Biformis, e, Ov. ; Tac. tween; intervallum, Plin.; quod interest spatii, Cic. BIFURCATED, s. Bifurcus, Ov. N. B. Inter is often used, in composition, to denote BIG. a. I. Great in bulk, large; magnus ; ampins ; the space between two things of the same kind ; as, The That is crassus A big man; homo crassus. Ter., corpulentus, space between two worlds ;. intermundium. A big woman; obesa mulier. A big book; between ; intermedius ; interjectus. Quint. crassum volumen, Mart As big as ; instar BEVERAGE, s. Potio ; fig., poculum. To grow BEVY. s. Congregatio ; ccetus, us ; congressus, us ; big; augescere ; accrescere ; crassescere ; in crassitudinein excrescere ; in amplitudinem adolescere. Big with circulus, i, m. ; grex ; chorus. To BEWAIL, v. a. Alterius vicem dolere, de casu flere, child; gravida, gravis, praegnans (mulier) To be big calamitatem deflere, or lugere, casum deplorari, calami- uith child; ferre ventrem, Varr., uterum, Liv., partati illacrymari, Cic To bewail one's death ; mortem turn, Plin. II. Great in spirit, haughty; ferox (in good or bad sense); superbus ; arrogans (in a bad sense). lacrymis prosequi. To BEWARE, v. n. Aliquem, or ab aliquo, cavere, To talk big; jactare ; grandia verba efferre ; ampullas loCic. ; rem, or a re, se abstinere. To :look big ; despicere ; despectare, Cic qui. Big with To BEWILDER, v. a. To be big with expectation ; magna I. To cause one to lose his pride ; humidus To be big way ; a via, or a recto itinere, deducere ; extra viam de- in spe esse, Cic. ; spem bonam habere, Caes II. To puzzle, mislead ; turbare ; in errorem with a project ; rem animo agitare, or meditari, Cic. ; clinare. inducere ; alterius consilia disturbare, or frangere, Cic. magna moliri Big with fate; decretorius, Sen. ; fataI. That has lost his way ; deBEWILDERED, part. lis, Ov. ; Virg. Big with ruin ; calamitosus, Cic. vius ; errabundus ; errans. II. Perplexed, at a loss; BIGAMIST, s. Geminis illigatus nuptiis. BIGAMY, s. Iterates nuptiae, arum, f. pi. impeditus ; incertus quid agat, Ter. ; sui anxius ; conBIGGIN, s. silii ambiguus, Tac. I. A child's cap; linea puellorum calanI. To injure by witchcraft; tica. To BEWITCH, v. a. II. A coffee pot ; cucuma coquendo cafaeo To bewitch the mind; idonea. fascinare, Virg. ; incantare, Plin BIGNESS, s. Magnitude ; amplitudo ; crassitudo ; crassanos sensus magicis artibus avertere,Virg. Bewitched; / am so bewitched samentum, Col. fascinatus, Plin. ; incantatus, Hor. BIGOT, s. Superstitiosus. that I do not know myself; delinitus sum profecto ita, ut me qui sim nesciam, Plaut. II. To charm; aliquem BIGOTED, a. Superstitione afflatus. BIGOTRY, s. Superstitio. suaviter permulcere, ad se rapere, fllecebris delinire, or To be bewitched; capi et deliniri, Cic. BIG-SWOLN. a. Tumidus ; turgidus : inflatus. irretire, Cic. BEWITCHMENT, s. See ENCHANTMENT, CHARM. BILE. s. Bilis, is, f., Cic. To purge the bile ; bilem BEWITCHING, a. i. e. Charming ; qui permulcet, &c. ; trahere, extrahere, detrahere, purgare, Plin. To move one's bile, i. e. to enrage ; alicui stomachum movere ; jucundissimus ; quo nihil jucundius. iratum facere ; ad iracundiam incitare ; Cic. ; ira incenBEWITCHINGLY. ad. Jucundissime. To BEWRAY, v. a. Ostendere ; significare ; declarare ; dere, Plaat., or afficere, Tac. To BILGE, v. n. i.e. To spring a leak ; undam accipatefacere. I. On the farther side of; trans ; BEYOND, prep. pere, Virg. ; undis viam praebere, Ov. BILIOUS, a. Biliosus, Cels. ultra ; (and sometimes, though rarely, super, extra, praTo go or travel To BILK. v. a. Aliquem frustrari, or fraudare, Cic. ; ter). Beyond sea; transmarinus. To go beyond, i. e. to aliquem mercede pacta destituere, Hor. beyond ; transire ; transgredi To go beyond, i.e. BILL. s. I. The beak of a fowl ; rostrum, Cic. ; rosoverreach ; circumvenire ; decipere. II. A kind of hook ; falx, cis, f., Cic.; to excel ; praastare ; superare ; anteire ; antecellere. tellum, Col. III. A law presented, II. Above, past ; supra; praeter ; extra; ultra Beyond falcula, Col.; (falcicula, Pallad.). III. Remote from ; extra. but not yet passed ; lex To bring in a bill; legem ferre, measure; supra modum. or rogare, Cic. To carry a bill through ; legem perBEYOND, ad. Supra; ulterius ; porro. To adopt or pass a bill; legem BEZEL or BEZIL. s. Pala, ae, f., Cic. ; funda, ae, f., ferre, or ferre, Cic. To throw out a bill; Plin. sciscere, jubere, accipere, Cic BIAS. s. i. e. Propension, inclination ; animi propen- legem repudiare, antiquare, Cic. Observe, these phrases An evil bias ; ad malum relate to the ancient method of making laws in the sio ; yoluntatis inclinatio ; Cic. Roman comitia with reference to the British parliament proclivitas, or pronitas, Cic.; Sen. To bring in a To BIAS. v. a. Animum alicujus inclinare ; aliquem we may speak more correctly as follows The bill is bill ; ad senatum referre ; legem rogare. acl rem impellere, incitare, or excitare, Cic. The bill Jim. s. Pectoralis fascia ; pectorale linteum. passed ; lex a senatu admissa, comprobata est BIHBER. *. i. e. A tippler ; potor ; potator ; (bibax, was thrown out ; senatus legem propositam rejecit. IV. A written paper of any kind; scheda, Cic. ; scheNi-kl. ap. Cell.; bibitor, Sidon.). A bill of debt or obligation ; chiBIBLE, s. Biblia, orum, n. pi. ; sacri codices ; paginal dula, Plin. ; tabella. sacr.'o sacraS litera? ; sacra scriptura, or sacrae scripturae rographus ; syngraphus ; syngrapha ; cautio ; chirograTo draw a bill ; syngrapham (in ecclesiastical writers). phi cautio ; Cic. ; Plaut. To give a bill ; mittere cautionem BntLiCAL. a. Ad biblia, sacras scripturas, &c., per- conscribere, Plaut. tincns. To demand payment of a bill, or to present syngraphi. BIBULOUS, a. Bibulus, Virg. ; Ov. ; Plin. for payment ; postulare pecuniam ex syngrapha, Cic. To BICKER, v. n. llixari ; jurgio, or verbis, conten- A bill of exchange, bank bill ; tessera nummaria, or arderc ; certare ; Cic. A bill, i.e. a placard; libelli, orum; progentaria. To put a bill upon a house to let ; BICKERING, s. Contentio; rixa; jurgium; altercatio; scripta tabula ; Cic A bill of fare; perscripta r<mCic. aides proscribere, Cic. A bill of costs ; tabula vivii ratio; dbariorum tabella. BICKERN. s. Bicornis incus, tulis, f. ISi'.'ouN. a. impensarum. A bill of entry ; tabella mercium inscnpBicornigor ; bicornis ; Ov. To BID. v. a. tarum A bill of lading ; chirographus quo navis onus !. To ask, invite; invitare (ad cceA bill of parcels; mercium et pretiorum declaratur. II. To command, order; rem nam,. ad prandium). alicui imperaro, or prascipere ; juberc, followed by an index. A bill in chancery ; actio in curia cancellaru il;u-cu,:itivc and infinitive, ut.with a conjunctive, or a conlata. A bill of divorce; repudium uxori missum ; diBills of mortality ; tabulffi mortuales, or junctive without ut; also by the infinitive passive, as, vortii libellus. funebres. jussit homines occidi. III. To offer a price ; liccri, Cic.; C;fs. ; licitari, PSaut. To BILU v. n. Mutua oscula adjungere. IV. 1. To bid adieu or fareI. A note; literulae, arum, pi., Cic. BILLET. / have bidden adieu to them; well; alicui valedicere
: : ; .

Qui pignore certat. or BETWIXT, prep. Inter inter nos liceat dicere, quod
s.

BIDDING.

*.

I.

Between ourCic.

tum

Command, order; jussum

manda-

great

To do the bidding of another ; alterius mandata II. Qffer at an auction; exsequi, or peragere, Ov.

BILLIARDS
Billets doux ; liteepistolium, Catull. r amatoriae ; blandae tabellae ; Propert. II. A ticket ; III. A log of wood ; stipes, itis, m. ; truncus, tessera. Hor. ; caudex, icis, m., Cell.

BIRTHPLACE
J

flehedula, Plin.

BILLIARDS, s. pi. Ludusin quo super mensam globuli clavis impelluntur. To play at billiards ; clavis globules A billiard -table ; mensa oblonga viridi inimpellere trata panno. To strike the balls twice, or the (wo balls together ; ictu gemino globulum trudere, utrumque

Humus natalis ; natale solirm, Or. s. JEtatis prasrogativa, Ulp, tPrimogenitura is not Latin.) BISCUIT, s. Sea biscuit; Copta duciaria, Mart panis nauticus. To BISECT, v. a. Bipartiri ; bipartire
BIRTHPLACE, BIRTHRIGHT,
s.

globum clava percutere. Sunk in, or overBILLOW, s. Fluctus, us unda. whelmed by, the billows ; mediis in fluctibus submersus, haustus mari, Liv. To calm or assuage the Virg.
;

billows

motos componere, Virg. BILLOWY, a. Undosus undans. BILL-STICKER, s. Qui libellos ad postes
; fluctus
;

et

liminapub-

lica aifigit.

BIN.

5.

Area
;

To

capsa.
I.

BIND.

v. a.

illigare

ut facial; alicui necessitatem faciendi imponere, Cic. To be bound to do any thiny ; re, de re, facienda, To be bound to obey ad rem faciendam, teneri, Liv.

To bind to a post ; ad palum To bind hand and foot ; constringere II. To oblige; obligare, Liv.; conditionibus adstringere, Cic. cpgere aliquem facere,
constringere, colligare.
alligare,

II 'nd any one

alligare; colliTo religare ; constringere ; vincire. aliquem vincire, or vinculis adstringere,


tie; ligare
;

To

BISHOP, s. Episcopus. BISHOPRIC, s. That city hat a Episcopatus, us ; in ea urbe est episcopalis sedes. BISSEXTILE. *. Bissextus, i, m., Pand. ; dies intercalaris, Plin. (Applied to the leapyear) ; annus intercalaris; (annus bissextus, Augustin.). BIT. s. I. A small piece of any thing ; pars partiA bit broken off'; fragmentum. A bit of cula, Cic. A bit of meat; oflella, Col. ; offula, bread; frustum Mart. In bits; frustatim, Plin. In little bits; frustilTitbits ; scitamenta, latim, Plaut. minutatim, Catull Not a bit; nihilo. II. Part of orum, n. pi., Plaut a bridle ; frenum, Cic. frena, orum, n. pi., Virg. ; freni, A bit armed with prickles or jags; lupati, orum, m. pi To bite pi. (sc. freni) ; lupata, pi. (sc. frena), Mart. on the bit ; frena domare, Plaut.
bishopric
; ; ;

Cic.

To

BIT. v. a.
s.

Equo frenum
is, f.
I.

quadrupedem,

Ter.

BITCH,

To be ; legibus teneri, or adstringi, Cic. You are bound to do bound by oath ; voto teneri, Cic. this; tuumest hoc munus ; tuae sunt partes ; tuumestid
the laws
III. To render costive ; alvum adstringere, facere, Cic. IV. 1. To bind a book ; Cels., or cohibere, Plin. librum compingere. To bind in calf ; librum vitulino

In vellum ; mernbrana corio convestire, or contegere. / will take care that the book shall be well integere bound; mini erit curae liber ut concinnus sit, Cic 2. To bind apprentice ; tradere tironem praeceptis im3. To bind buendum, or in artem et disciplinam, Cic. over ; aliquem vadari.Cic. BINDER, s. (Of books); librorum concinnator ; qui libros compingit. I. A bandage ; fascia ; BINDING, s. pittacium, Cels. II. The act of binding a book ; libri compactio, or III. That with which a book is bound ; coagmentatio. additalibro vestis. BINDWEED, s. A pi'ant ; convolvulus, i, m., Plin.

To crush with the teeth ; mordere admordere morsu appre(momordi, morsum), Cic. To bite a hook (as a fish) ; hendere, or corripere, Plin hamum vorare, Plin. II. To gnaw ; rodere, corrodere. To bite at ; arrodere To bite off; abrodere, Plin. ; To bite round ; obrodere, derodere, Cic. erodere, Col Plaut. circumrodere, Plin. To bite one's nails ; ungues rodere, Hor. ; ungues dentibus corrumpere, Propert. III. To pinch (as cold); mordere; urere. IV. To rail at; mordere; dictis mordere; maledico dente carpere iniquo dente mordere, Ov. mordere opprobriis, Hor. V. To vex, annoy ; mordere; urere. VI. To cheat ; see To CHEAT. BITE. s. I. The act of biting ; II. morsus, 6s.
BITE.
v. a.
; ; ; ; ; ;

To

Canis,

A little

indere. bitch

; catella.

Piece bitten off; bolus, i, Ter. ; buccea, ae, Suet. A To make but one bite buccella, ae, Mart of a cake ; totam simul placentam absorbere, Hor. BITING, a. I. Prop. Mordax. II. Fig. Mordax ; aculeatus; acerbus. Biting words; verborum aculei, Cic. ; mordacia dicta To attack with biting words ; aculeos in aliquem emittere, Cic. ; aliquem dictis mordere, Ov. ; aliquem verbis amaris incessere, Sil. Ital Biting
little bite ;

BIOGRAPHER, s. Qui vitam alicujus scribit, describit. BIOGRAPHY, s. Vita; narratio, or descriptio. (Biographia
is

not Latin.) BIPED, a. Bipes, edis.

jests ; acerbae facetiae ; facetiae asperiores, Cic. BITTER, a. I. Having a hot, acrid, biting taste; amarus ; amarulentus, GeTl. ; gustui acerbus, Cic Bitter as gall; felleus, Plin. Somewhat bitter; sub-

amarus
;

BIPEDAL,
Col.

a.

Bipedalis, e, Gas.

bipedaneus

bipedanus,

habere, Plin.

To be very bitter; multam amaritudinem To grow bitter ; inamarescere, Hor.

To render
f.
;

bitter ;

amarum

facere, Cic.

alicui

amaritiem

BIPENNATED. a. Bipennis, e, Plin. BIRCH or BIRCH-TREE, s. Betula, ae,


itis,

bestiffi volatiles, Cic.

BIRD. s. Avis, is, f., Cic. ; volucris, is, f., Ov. ales, A little bird; avicula, Cell. Birds ; m., Plin. A bird of passage ; avis peregrina, A bird of prey ; acciadvena, Plin., hospita, Stat.

piter, tris, m., Cic.

Col
pretio
sentia,

A bird in the hand is worth two in the bush ; spem non emo quicquid possim, malo ferre in praeTer Birds of a feather flock together ; semper
;

decoy-bird

avis illex

allector,

graculus assidet graculo ; simile gaudet simili ; pares To kill two birds with cum paribus facile congregantur one stone ; duos parietes de eadem fidelia dealbare, Cur.
in Cic.

To BIRD. v. n. Aves aucupare aucupare ; aucupari. BIRDCAGE, s. Aviarium, Cic. ; ornithon, onis, m.,Varr. BIRDCALL, s. Calamus illex. BIRDER, s. I. One who catches birds ; qui aves II. One who sells birds; qui aves auceps. captat
; ;

Ep.

educit et vendit.

II. miscere, Catull. Sharp, cruel, severe; aoerbus ; Bitter in scolding ; acerbus asper ; Cic. ; amarus, Virg in vituperando, Cic. A bitter reprimand; acerba Bitter words ; amara dicta, Ov. ; vermonitio, Cic borum aculei, Cic. Bitter jests ; sales felle suffusi, Ov., amari, Quint. ; acerbae facetiae ; facetiae asperiores, Cic. III. Grievous; acerbus; luctuosus ; Cic. BITTERLY, ad. Acerbe et aspere, Cic. To scold bitterly ; aliquem asperioribus verbis castigare, Cic To grieve or weep bitterly for the death of any one ; alicujus in funere lacrymas plurimas effundere, Cic. ; mortem multo fletu prosequi. Curt. BITTERN, s. Ardeola (ae, f.), asterias (ae, m.), Plin.: ardeola is feminine, and asterias masculine ; the words are placed in apposition. BITTERNESS, s. I. Bitter taste; amarities, ei, f., Catull. ; amaritudo, inis, f., Plin. ; amaror, oris, m., II. Malice, ill will; acerbitas, Cic. ; amaritudo, Virg. III. Sorrow; animi Plin.; fel, fellis, n., Plaut. dolor ; aerumna ; Cic.

BIRDING. s. BIRDLIME,
Plin.

Aucupatio; aucupium.
s.

BITUMEN,
;

s.

Bitumen,
a.

inis, n.,

Virg
;

Viscus,

i,

m., Plaut.

viscum,

i,

n.,

bitumineus, Ov.

Of bitumen;
bituminosus,

To smear with birdlime ; Smeared with birdlime ; viscatus.


lime
;

visco

To

oblinere. stick in bird-

BITUMINOUS,
Vitr.

Bituniinatus, Plin.

in visco inhaerescere, Cic. I. The act of coming into life ; ortus, us ; BIRTH, s. nativitas The hour of one's birth ; hora natalis By Citizens by birth ; cives nati That is birth ; natu. Deaf from his birth; from one's birth; genitivus II. The act of bringing naturaliter surdus, Plin.

BIVALVE, a. Biforis, e. To BLAB. v. a. Rem pervulgare, in vulgus edere,


efferre foras, effutire.

forth;

untimely birth; partus, us; parturitio. To cause untimely birth ; abortum facere. abortus, us. III. Extraction, lineage ; locus ; genus, eris, n., Cic. ; Of good birth; bono genere, natales, ium, pi., Tac honesto loco, ex hpnesta familia, natus, Cic. Of very high birth ; amplissimo loco natus, Cic. ; clarus origine, or natalibus, Ov. Of low or mean birth ; homo obscurus, or infimo loco natus ; filius terrae, Cic. ; modicus origine, IV. Rise, beginning ; ortus, us ; origo ; initium. Tac. To give birth to ; gignere ; producere ; efficere ; parere ; ingenerare ; initium ponere-

An

To BLAB. v. n. Inepte garrire ; effutire blaterare. BLAB or BLABBER, s. Ineptus blatero, onis ; lingua immodicus, Tac. ; loquax, Cic. BLABBER-LIPPED, a. Labeosus, Lucr. ; labeo, onis,
;

m., Plin.

BLACK, a. atricolor, Plin

I. Prop. Ater niger. Of a black hue; To become black; nigrescere, Plin The black art; necromantia, Cic, ; ars magica; magia ; II. Dark, obscure ; opacus; obscurus. Plin. III. Black looks ; suDismal, mournful ; maestus ; tristis
;

BIRTHDAY.
is, n.,

s.

Dies

natalis,

Cic.

natalis,

is,

m.

natale,

Hor.

To give an entertainment on one's

birthday;

am icis
30

natalicia dare, Cic.

IV. Horrible t percilium, Lucr. ; tristis frons, Tibull. atrocious ; teter ; nefandus ; atrox. V. Black and blue ; lividus, Hor. ; livens, Ov. To be black and blue; livere. To beat black and blue ; sugillare. BLACK. 5. Ater, or niger, color Clothed in black ; To dye black ; nigro colore inficere, Plin. atratus, Cic To distinguish black from white ; alba et atra dis-

BLACK
rorr.ere, Cic. f P ::uit. In

BLASPHEMER
BLASPHEMER, s. Divini numinis obtrectator. BLASPHEMOUS, a. In Deum contumeliosus. BLASPHEMOUSLY, ad. In Deum contumelioie
more.
;

Lamp-black or smoke-Mack ; fuligo, inis, !il nek and irhite ; scri|>tus. To set down 'Do look in ht.ictc an t trtii/c ; litcris mandare, Cic. bla:k upan any one ; aegris oruiis aspici-re, Tac. atiimo
;

impio
verbo-

iniqii:)

infestoqne inlueri,
;

Cic.

tu.iculosus

omnium scelerum
See
s.

To BLACK.
morus,
i, f.

To BLACKEN,
Nigrita,

Black with crimes; maculis notissimus, Cic.


1.

BLASPHEMY,

s.

Vox

in

Deum

rum

contumeliosa

BLACKAMOOR, BLACKBERRY.

ae, in.,
i,

Plin.

*.

Morum,

n.

blackberry bush

homo

s. Merula, ae, f., Cic. v. a. i. To blade, make black ; denigrare ; nigro c >lore inficere ; rei nigrorem in.tucere, niBlackened ; nigrocolore infectus. gritiam afferre, Plin. Blackened with smoke; fumo fcedus, Hor. II. To obscure ; obseurare ; rei caliginem indueere, noctem, or The sin/ tenehras, obducere, or offundere, Cic. blackens ; nubilat ae'r ; nubibus cesium obtingitur. 1 1 i. To defame; alicui iufamiam inurere, Cic.; alicujus famam inquinare, Liv. BLACKGUARD, s. Bala*-o, Varr. ; homo triboli. Plaut. ;

BLA KBIRD.

To BLACKEN,

'

I. A gust of wind; subitus venti s. flatus, us. Blight; ruoigo, inis, Col.; robigo, Virg. I. To ruin, destroy, confound ; ; perturbare ; subvertere ; pessum dare. To bias- one's reputation ; alicui infamiam inferre, or inurere, Ci^. aliquem ignominia notare, Sen. II. To wither (fruits); urere; adurere. BLAZE, s. Flamma. To be in a blaze ; flammare ; ardere.

irnpietas.

BLAST,
11.

BLAST, v. a. destruere ; confundere

To

To
scere.

BLAZE,

v. n.

I.

To flame; flammare; ardere;

flammas luudere, Virg. ; flammigerare, Cell. II. To be conspicuous ; splendere ; splendescere ; exsplendegare

nihili

vilis

BLACKING, s. BLACKISH, a, Nigellus, Veil. ; subniger, Plaut. BLACKNESS, s. Nigror ; nigritia nigritudp, Plin. ; To gather blackness ; nigrescere. nigrities, ei, f., Cels. BLACKPUDDING, s. Botulus ; botellus, Mart. BLACKSMITH, s. Faber ierrarius ferramentorum
;

homuncio, Cic. Atramentum.

To BLAZE ABROAD, v. a. Vulgare ; divulgare evulpervulgare rem palam faoere, or in lucem proferre. BLAZING, a. I. In a flame; flammeus ; ardeiis. II. Resplendent; fulgens splendens. To BLAZON, v. a. I. To explain coafs of arms ; scutorum figuras conceptis verbis edisserere. II. To
; ; ; ;

opifex.

BLADDER,
ae, f.

s.

Vesica,
I.

ae, f.

little

bladder

vesicula,

coats if arms ; figuras in scuto geutilitio pingere. To deck ; embellish ; ornare ; exornare ; decoIV. To celebrate ; celebrare. To BLEACH, v. a. Cande-t'acere ; candorem indueere. To bleach linen ; ab hum ore prati roscido candorera telr*- indueere ; lintea purgare, or mundare.
III.

draw

rare; Cic.

The sharp part of a weapon; lamiA little blade ; lamella, Sen na, Tic.; laiima, Vitr The blade of a sword; gladii lamina The shoulder blades or blade-nones ; scoptula operta, orum, n. pi. ; f. Cels. II. arum, omoplatae, pi., Spire of grass, green shoot of corn; caulis, is, m. ; scapus ; culmus ; calamus. To come in blade ; caulem emittere ; dePlin. III. An old or cunning caulescere, (Facetiously)
s.
;

BLADE,

veterator. A young blade ; trossulus. or BLAMEWORTHY, a. Accusabilis, accusandus; vituperabilis ; reprehensione dignus, Cic.; viTo be blamable , in culpa tuperandus, Auct. ad Her. Not to be blamable ; extra culpam esse, esse, Cic Cic. To BLAME, v. a. Vituperare ; reprehendere ; Cic.
bla'le
;

BLEAK, a. Frigidus algidus. BLEAKEDNESS. s. Lippitudo. BLEAR-EYED, a. Lippus, Hor. ; (gramiosus, Caecil.). To be blear-eyed ; lippire ; lippitudine lahorare Cic. To BLEAT, v. n. Balare, Cic. ; balatum edere balatus To bleat much or often ; balitare, Plaut. dare, Ov To BLEED, v. n. Sauguinem reddere, or rejicere, Plin. The wound bleeds profusely; multo sanguine manat cicatrix. A bleeding wound; recens vuhins,
;
;

BLAMABLE

Plin. His nose bleeds gnis e naribus, Virg.

fluit

illi

mihi cordolium est, re oculi mihi, Ter.

cum
I.

My
To

heart

sanguis, Plin. ; it sanbleeds at the sight ;


;

ista video, Plaut.


let

dolent hac

or draw blood ; alicui venam incidere, or exsolvere, Tac. ; sanguinem emit?>.

To BLEED.

a.

To blame (Severely) ; acerrime (indirectly) ; oblique ; aliquem in re, rem in aliquo, or alicujus faotuvn, culpare, or criminari ; rem alicui crimini To blame any one in one's own dare, objicere ; Cic. mind; aliquem tacito cogitationis convicio verberare, Cic. To be Blamed; vituperatus ; reprehensus. blamed ; in vituperationem cadere, Cic To be universally blamed ; in vituperationem omnium venire , omnium sermone vapulare, Cic. You will be blamed for
:

one for any thing

tere, Cels., or detrahere, Col. ; sanguinem mittere, Cic., Cels., extrahere, Plin., emittere venis, Plin., demitII. To obtain money from ; crumenam tere, Cell.

alicujus excnterare, Plaut. BLEEDER. $. Medicus qui

sanguinem detrahit.

BLEEDING,

s.
;

Sanguinis detractio, or missio; venae


Cels.
I.

sectio, or incisio

To

BLEMISH,

v. a.

To mark with deformity;

omnem culpam

probro futurum est, Cic. BLAME. *. To Vituperatio ; reprehensio ; Cic incur blame ; in vituperationem cadere in reprehensionem incurrere ; Cic. To be free from blame ; ab omni reprehensione abesse ; justa reprehensione carere ; extra
it ;

hoc

tibi

macula afficere, Cic. ; maculare, Virg. ; inquinare ; II. To blemish one' s repufcedare; conspurcare; Col. tation ; alterius lain am maculare, or inquinare ; altering famse labem aspergere, or inf'erre ; Cic.
BLEMISH,
labes, Cic.
is, f.
;

esse

Cic.

To take upon one's

self the

II.

I. A mark s. of deformity; macula; Cic. A little or slight blemish ; labecula, A reproach; macula; labes; turpitudinis

A blameless life ; vita labe carens, of blameless life ; vir spectatae integritatis, Liv. BLAMELESSLY, ad. Modo probatissimo. BLAMER. s. Vituperator ; reprehensor. To BLANCH, v. a. I. To whiten ; rem dealbare, canTo blanch linen cloth ; lintea purgare, defacere, Plaut mundare. II. To peel such things as have husks ; cutem, or corium, detrahere, demere, eximere; cute exuere ; cortice nudare. BLAND, a. Blandis ; suavis ; dulcis.
tissimus.

blame ; rei vituperationem subire, or suscipere, Cic To throw the blame upon another ; rei culpam in alterum To attribute or affix the blame to ; alicui dorivare, Cic. vituperationem tribuere ; aliquem in vituperationem adducere ; in aliquem culpam conjicere ; Cic. All the blame attaches to you ; in te omnis haeret culpa, Cic All the. blame will fall upon you ; hoc facinus tibi uni erit probro, Ter. He took care to avoid blame ; cavit oe infami* ea res sibi esset. BLAMELESS, a. Omni reprehensione carens proba;

notaWithout blemish ; castus a culpa, Plaut. ; vita sanctus, Veil. ; castus et integer moribus, Plaut. To BLEND, v. a. Kem rei, re, or cum re, miscere, Pliti.; rein cum alia commiscere; rem rei admiscere ; Cic To blend colours ; colores nectere, temperare.

To

BLESS,

v. a.

I.

tum, or felicem, reddere.

To make happy ; boare beaII. To pronounce a bless;

man

Qv.A

alicui bene precari, or : ing ; benedicere, Quint. ; precari a Deo ut aliquid alicui III. To glorify for benebene ac feliciter eveniat, Cic. fits received ; Deum laudare ; Deo gratias agerc ; (Deo To bless one's stars ; sihi benedicere, Apul. ; Tert.) gratulari ; gaudere ; in se, in sinu, apud se, or sibi, gra-

alicui fausta precari, Cic.

tulare
beati
;

Cic.
;

The blessed ; a. Beatus ; felix fortunatus arum, m. pi. coalites, um, pi.; ccelicolae, To be The mansions of the blessed ; beatorum sedes
BLESSED,

blessed in heaven, or for ever ; aeterna beatitudine frui.

See HAPPY.
BLESSEDNESS, s. Felicitas, Cic.; beatitas, and beatitudo. Cicero calls these last, dura verba,' because he was the To enjoy blcssedness ; beatum first who used them.
'

To BLANDISH.

See

BLANDISHMENT, s. blandimentum. BLANK, a. I. Pale, confused ; metu pavidus perturbatus confusus. II. Not written upon ; purus. Blank paper oharta pura. III. Not rhymed; (versus)
;
; ;

CARESS, FLATTER. Blanditiae, arum, f. pi.

To

esse.

BLESSING,
alicui

s.

I.

Benediction; in aliquem preces

lottery)

II. (In a ; vacuum. manes fortunae sortes. BLANKET, s. Lodix, ids, f., Juv. loclicula, Suet. To toss in a blanket ; impositum disf.ento sago in sublime You shall be tossed in a blanket ; ibis ab jactare, Suet
; ;

numeris adstrictus. BLANK. *. I. A void space

excusso missus in astra sago, Mart.

To BLASPHEME, v. a. In Ueum ora solvere, Tibull. divinum numen obtrectare, Val. Max. impias in Deum voces jactare impiis verboruin telis Deum lacessere.
; ; ;

To pronounce a blessing ; alicui fausta precari, Cic. ; II. A benefit bene precari, or benedicere, Quint. The ftfett&yi received ; beneficium munus, eris, n. of heaven; ccolestia nmnera. BLIGHT, s. Rubigo ; robigo, inis, f. To BLIGHT, v. a. I. To corrupt with mildew; rei Blighted, rubiginem obducere, vitiare, or corrumpere. To be blighted ; rubirubigine vitiatus, or corruptus 1 1. To injure, mar, ginem habere, or contrahere, Plin. damage ; rei nocere, detrimentum afferre, or inferre,
;

Cic.

BLIND,

a.

I.

Deprived of the sense of seeing ; CJECUS

BLIND
captus oculis, Cic.
;

BLOOD
Born Hind ;
;

Oi'bus luminibus, Plin.

ortus
regii
,

To grow blind; oculos pcrdere cascigenus, Lucr To be almost aspectum, oculos, or visum, amittere, Cic Blind of one eye; orbus altero blind; cajcutire altero oculo captus, Liv. lumine, Plin. unoculus, Plaut. luscus, Juv To try to come at a person by his
; ; ;

annexus ; Curt. Oft/if blond royal , generis, Liv. -Of the same blood; i-onsanguuiel ;
;

stirpi regizs

corisanguinitate propinqui, Cic.


cables,
is, f.
;

Virg.

111. Aj.uni.cr;

blind side ; alicujus imbecillitatem aucupari, Cic. II. caucus ; tenebricosus. yi ; blind tippling-house ; tenebricosa popina ; gurgustiolum, Hor. III. Ignorant; rci Cic.; obscura taberna, inscius, nescius, ignarus. To BLIND, v. a. I. To make blind ; caecum efflcere, or reddere, Cic. ; oculis orbare, Ov. ; csecare ; obca;care ; Plin. ; excaecare, Col. ; alicui caBcitatem afferre, Plin. Blinded ; ciccatus ; excajcatus ; obcaccatus ; Cic. II. To darken or obscure (the mind) ; (animum) ca-care, or cascum reddere. Pleasure blinds the mind; animi lumen exstinguit voluptas, Cic. Blinded by passion ; To be blinded by passion ; cajca cupiditate caucus, Cic. Blinded by prosperity ; ab secundis cupiditate rapi, Cic. rebus incautus, Liv. Fortune blinds the mind; felicitas multum caliginis mentibus humanis objicit, Sen. BLIND, s. I. A Venetian screen for the window ; transenna; Cic. ; fenestra cancellata ; cancelli, orum. To put blinds to a window ; fenestram clathrare, or

Dark, hardtojind; obscurus

homicidium, Cic. v. a. I. To stain with blood ; cruentare ; cruore imbuere ; Cic.; sanguine respergere, Catull., II. To let blood; sanguinem mittere, inficere, Hor.

To BLOOD,

Cic., Cels., extraherc, Plin., detrahere, Col., emittere venis, Plin., demittere, Cell. ; alicui veiiam incidere, or exsolvere, Tac. BLOODHOUND, s. Canis indagator. BLOODILY, ad. Cruente ; (cruenter, Apul.). See also

CRUELLY.

BLOODLESS.

. Exsanguis ; sanguine cassus, Cic^ *" bloodless victory ; victoria incruenta, or sine cade.

BLOODSHED, s. BLOODSHOT, s. BLOODSUCKER,


X,
f.,

Ca;des,
s.

is, f. ; homicidium. Sanguine suffusus ; sanguineus. Hirudo, inis, f., Cic. sanguisuga,
;

Plin.
;

clathris

mentum prretextus, us To BLINDFOLD, v. a.


;

A sun-blind; velum. munire, Col Something to mislead ; obtentus, us, Liv. ; velum
;

BLOODTHIRSTY, a. Sanguinarius, Cic. ; cruoris amans, Ov. sanguinem sitiens, Sen. ; sanguine minis To lie bloodthirsty; ex imo pectore gaudens, Tac. crudelitatem anhelare, Cic. ; sanguinem sitire, Hor. BLOODVESSEL, s. Vena, a, f. BLOODY, a. I. Stained with blood; cruentus, Cic. ;
cruentatus,

II.
;

Ov.

cruore

respersus,

Liv.

vela;

pra;textum. Alicui caput obnubere, Liv.


;

infectus, Hor Bloody hands ; imbutae sanguine Cic. II. Bloodthirsty ; see BLOODTHIRSTY.

sanguine

manus,

BLOODY FLUX.
s.

s.

oculis

velum obducere,

Plin.

BLOOM,
temere et nulla ratione
;

I.

See DYSENTERY. blossom; flos, oris, m.


;

flosculus.

BLINDLY, ad. ca?co impetu, Cic.

Temere
1

II.

Fresh colour

vividus color.

any thing young ;

flos, cris,

m.

III. The state of The bloom of youth ;

BLIND-MAN'S-BUFF. s. Andabata? vestigatoris ludicrum. To plai/ at blind-man s-bujf'; andabatam agere. BLINDNESS, s. Mental blindness; Crccitas, Cic. mentis ca?citas, Cic. animi nox, Ov. To BLINK, v. n. Oculis nictare, connivere.
;

To BLOOM, v. n. I. Prop. Florecere, Cic. ; in II. Fig Florere; flprem, or floribus, seinduere, Virg. vigere ; enitere ; Cic.
BLOSSOM,
s.

To BLOSSOM,
Macula

v. n.

See
Cic.

BLOOM
;

To

BLISS,
'

s.

Felicitas

beatitas, beatitudo, are called


;

BLOOM.

dura verba' by Cicero, because he first used them. BLISSFUL, a. Beatus felix ; felicissimus ; fortunatus. BLISSFULLY, ad. Bene beateque. BLISTER, s. I. A pustule ; pustula ; pusula, Plin
with
II.

To

BLOT.

v. a.

afficere,

maculare,

Full of or covered pustulbsus, Suet.


atis,

blisters ;

sort of plaster

pusulosus, Gels. ; ; cataplasma,

n.

emplastrum causticum quo veskulaz gignuntur,

Plin.

To BLISTER, v. n. Pustulas emittere. BLITHE, BLITHESOME, a. Hilaris ; ketus, Cic. ; hilarus, Ter. BLITHELY, ad, Ililare hilariter hilarem in modum,
; ;

Cic.

BLITHENESS, BLITHESOMENESS. s. To BLOAT, v. a. Tumefacere.

Hilaritas.

To BLOAT,
turgere
;

v.

n.
;

inflari, Cic.

Tumere, Plaut. ; tumescere cutem intendere, Pha'dr.


;

BLOATEDNESS. s. BLOCK, s. I.
is, f.

Tumor inflatio. A large mass ; rudis


wood ; brevior
to the

massa; moles,
;

block of

ligni
;

truncus

caudex,

icis,

A workman's II. An forma.

m., Cic.

To come

capite plecti, Liv. block, on which any thing is shaped; obstacle ; obstaculum, Plaut. ; impedi-

block

mentum, Cic. To BLOCK UP. v. a. Omnes aditus, or vias, prsecludere, obstruere, occupare.
BLOCKADE,
consiliis

Hailing designed

To BLOCKADE, v. a. Omnes arces aditus, or vias, prajcludere ; aditus ad urbem occupare, obstruere ; obsidere ; arcem intercludere prasidiis circumjectisque militibus ; arcem praesidiis interclusum tenere, Cic. BLOCKHEAD, s. Bardus, Plaut. ; truncus ; plumbeus
homo, Cic. BLOOD, s. I. The red liquor that circulates in the Blood that is shed ; bodies of animals ; sanguis, inis, Pure blood; sanguis integer, Cels. cruor, oris, m. Bad blood ; sanguis vitiosus, Cels. Congealed or clotted To draw blood; blood; sanguis conglobatus, Plin. To let blood ; see To BLEED, v. a. sanguinemdetrahere. To stop To lose blood ; see To BLEED, v. n. or staunch blood; sanguinem sistere, or cohibere, Plin. To restore the circulation of blood; sanguinis cursum revocare. Covered un'th blood; sanguine Hands stained with the blood of inundatus, Liv. To imbrue any one ; sanguine alicujus imbutaa manus one's hands in the blood of anyone; alicujus sanguine The victory cost a great deal of cruentare se, Cic. blood; victoria fuit cruenta, Sail. ; non incruenta, Liv. ; To Ihirst for blood; see sanguinolenta fuit palma, Cic. In cold blood ; sedatiorc animo ; seBLOODTHIRSTY. date To stir up or rouse the blood ; sanguinem movere, blood is up ; mihi animus ardet cor cumulatur Cic ira. Cic. To breed ill blood ; animos accendere, commovere, Cic., exacerbare, Suet., in alium odia incendere, II. Kindred, lineage, race; prosapia ; genus, Cic. eris, n. ; stirps ; sanguis Of noble blood; claro sanA prince yf the blood ; regia stirpe guine genitus, Sen.

ad arcem adituum interclusio. change the siege into a blockade ; ab oppugnanda urbe ad obsidendam versis, Liv.
s.

Omnium
to

flies) ; punctio ; punctus, us, m. v. n. I. To move with a current of air ; The wind blows gently } Cic.; spirare, Ov lenissimus flat ventus. Cic The winds blow roughly ; vend spirant vehementius, Ov The winds cease blowII. To ing ; silent aura; ; tenent venti flamina, Tibull. breathe ; spiritum emittere. III. To pant) anhelare, Ov. ; ilia ducere, Hor., trahere, Plin. IV. To bloom ; florescere, Cic. ; in florem, or floribus, se induere, Virg. To blow twice a year ; bis vernare floribus, Hor To blow three times a year ; ter florere, Cic.

To inflict a blow ; plagam alicui injicere, vitare, Cic. or infligere, Cic., imponere, or inferre, Virg To give a blow on the cheek ; alapam alicui ducere, Phaedr. They fell by mutual blows ; contrario ictu transfixi conciderunt, Liv. ; mutuis uterque confossi vulneribus corruerunt To come to blows ; in contentionem certaTo remenque, or ad manus atque ad pugnaro, venire double blows ; ictus congcminare, Virg., densare, Tac. Atone blow ; simul ; una ; pariter ; eodem tempore. II. Blooming (of flowers); explicatio; evolutio; Cic. effusio III. The act qf laying eggs in flesh
;

To blot Virg. ; inquinare ; fcedare ; conspurcare ; Col one's reputation ; alterius famam maculare, or inquinare ; famas labem aspergere, or inferre, Cic. To BLOT our. v. a. Delere ; interlinere ; Cic. ; exTo blot out the memory of a thing ; rei pungere, Plaut memoriam scmpiterna oblivione delere, or tollere lunditus ac delere, Cic. BLOT. s. I. An obliteration ; litura, Cic. ; rasura, Col. II. A A little blot ; spot ; macula ; labes, is, f. labecula. III. A spot in reputation ; macula ; labes ; To cast a blot upon one's reputation ; turpitudinis nota alterius famam maculare, or inquinare ; famze labem aspergere, or inferre, Virg. BLOTCH, s. Varus, i, m. ; lentigo, inis, f., Plin. ; lenticula, Cels. BLOTCHY, a. Lentiginosus, Plin. BLOTTING-PAPER, s. Bibula charta, Plin. BLOW. s. I. A stroke; ictus, us, m. ; plaga, A blow on the cheek; alapa, a?, i A K, f., Cic. violent bloiv ; ictus validus, Ov A weak blow ; ictus A mortal blow ; ictus lethifer, Ov hebes, Mart. An A well aimed blow ; empty blow ; ictus irritus, Ov To receive petitio ita conjecta ut vitari non possit, Cic a blow ; plagam accipere, Cic To avoid a blow ; plagam

(applied to

To BLOW.

flare,

My

To blow a trumpet ; To blow thefire ; ignem excitare, upon, in order to warm; To blow out a lamp ; lucernam exstinguere, Plin To blow the dust off any Ihing ; spiritu pulverem excutere, Ov., or difflare, Pliri. To blow an organ ; organo ventum ministrare folles inflandis organis movere To blow up ; in sublime To blow up strife ; discordiam concitare, jactare, Suet or commovere, Cic. To blow hot and cold ; in utrainque partem dicere ; in rontrarias paries disputare ; Cic One who blows hot and cold ; vir bilinguis, Phadr. ; vi$
v.

To BLOW.

a.

Inflare

buccinam

inflare,

Cic

To blow Cic., or sufflare. oris spiritu rem refrigerare

BLUDGEON
ambiguas
fidei,

BOASTFUL
;

Liv.
;

To blow one's nose

A blowing of the nose ; Cic. blow upon, fig. alicujus existimationem violate ; infamiam alicui inferre aliquem infamia notare ; Cic.
;

emungere, To emunctio, Quint.

se

a. Jactans, Cic. ; or, jactans sui, Quint. gloriosus, Cic. ; Liv. ; jactabundus, Cell.

BOASTFUL,

Fustis, is, m. Painted blue ; czeruleatus. BLUE. s. Cceruleus color BLUE. a. Caeruleus ; caerulus, Cic. ; cyaneus, Plin To make or paint blue ; Black and blue ; lividus

BLUDGEON,

s-

caeruleum colorem rei inducere To become blue ; ceeruleum colorem ducere, Cic. A blue-stocking ; femina literatior. BLUE-EYED, a. Glaucus, Virg. ; caeruleus, Hor. To BLUE. v. a. Casruleum colorem rei inducere. BLUFF, a. Ferox ; superbus ; ferox et arrogans. BLUISH, a. Subcaeruleus. To BLUNDER, v. n. Labi per errorem ; errare ; allucinari
;

A little boat, jolly boat ; navigiolum, navigium. Lentul. ap. Cic. ; exiguus linter, Tibull. ; cymbula, Cic. Aflat boat, ferry boat for cattle ; ponto, onis, m., Caes -- A ferry boat for foot passengers ; cvmba A ship's boat, longboat linter, tris, f. ; Caes. ; Tibull. scapha. ae, f. ; lembus, i. m. acatium, Plin.
Cffis.
; ;

BOASTFULLY, BOASTINGLY. ad. Gloriose jactanter. BOAST, s. Cymba, ae navicula Cic. ; linter, tris, f
; ;
;

BOATLOAD, s. Navigii onus. BOATFUL, a. (Of passengers); vectorum numerus. BOATMAN or BOATSMAN. s. Navicularius ; naviculator
Cic.

Cic.
;

BLUNDER, s. Error erratum. BLUNDEKBUSS. s. Fistula ferrea brevior,


distincta.

et ore patulo

BLUNDERER,
Tac.
;

Inconsultus, nugator, Plaut.


s.

Cic.

prasceps animi,
;

BOATSWAIN, s. Proreta, se, m., Plaut. To BOB. v n. Pendere et ultro citroque jactari. BOB. s. See EAR-RING. BOBBIN, s. Fusus, i, m. BOBTAIL. *. Cauda brevior. BOBTAILED. a. Curtatus decurtatus. To BODE. v. a. Praesagire, Plin. ; prsesignificare
.

praenuntiare
retusus, Hor.
Sil.
;

portendere
s.

Cic.
;

BLUNT,

a.

1.

Dull on the edge

BODEMENT.

Prasagium

rei

future signum
;

Cic.
;

obtusus ; hebes, etis ; Col. ; hebetatus, be blunt; hebere, Liv. ; hebescere, Cic. understanding; tardus ; hebes ; obtusus.
in

Ital.
II.

To Dull of

III.

Rough
re-

BODICE, s. Tunicas thorax. BODILESS, a. Corporis expers incorporeus, Cell.

incorporalis, Sen.

vehemens To BLUNT, v. a.
;

manner

in
I.

agendo praeceps. To dull the edge ; acicm

II. To tundere, Cic., hebetare, or preestringere, Plin. depress ; (ingenium) obtundere ; reprimere ; comprimere ; frangere, Cic. ; hebetare, Plin. ; Virg. ; Ov.

BODILY, a. Corporeus, Cic. ; corporalis, Gell __ Bodily pleasures ; voluptates sensum moventes. BODILY, ad. Corpore (abl.) ; (corporaliter, Petron.). BODKIN, s, A bodkin for the Veruculum, Plin hair; acus, us, f ; discerniculum, Varr. ; (acus coma.

of edge; acies retusus; Dulness of understanding ; III. Roughness or abruptness of manner ; tarditas, Cic. promptus animi impetus ; acris et vehemens animi
s.
I.

BLUNTNESS.

Want
II.

toria, Petron.).
I. Matter; BODY. s. animal ; corpus, oris, n

(hebetude, Macrob.).

the material substance of

an

little

body

II. inis,

Substance; corpus.
nullus.

III.

incitatio

Cic.
1

m.

A person; homo,

corpusculum.

BLUK. 5. Macula ; labes, is, f. To BLUR. v. a. See To BLOT. To BLUSH, v. n. Rubere, Ov. ; erubescere, Cic

nemo;
body;

To

blush at any thing; erubescere rem, in re, Cic., rei, To cause to blush, put to the blush ; Curt., or re, Sen. pudorem alicui incutere, Hor., imponere, Mart. ; os alicujus rubefacere, Sil. Ital. BLCSH. s. I. Colour in the cheeks raised by shame A or confusion ; rubor ; rubor candore mistus, Cic blush rose upon her face ; erubuit, Hor.; rubor gcnis suffusus est, Liv. ; rubor ora notavit ; rubor ingenuas To put to the blush ; see To BLUSH. genas pinxit, Ov. At the first blush of a thing ; II. Sudden appearance primo aspectu, Cic. ; primo ; primum. To BLUSTER, v. n. Debacchari, Ter. ; tumultuari, Cic. ; clamoribus omnia complere, Caes. fig. ; magnifice jactare se atque ostentare ; gloriosum militem imitari ;
:

A busybody; aliquis; quidam ; quispiam. ardelio, onis, m., Phasdr. ; Mart. Body-guards; corIV. A poris stipatores, Cic. ; custodes, m. pi., Curt. V. collective mass ; corpus; silva. number of men

Somebody ; aliquis; nonnullus. Nobody f Everybody ; omnes ; universi. Any-

Cic.

BLUSTERER,
Ter.
;

s.

pyrgopolynices,

BOAR. s. Verres, is, m. I. A plank BOARD, s.


assis, is,

Thraso, onis, m. ; miles gloriosus ; is, m., Plaut. A wild boar ; aper, pri, m.
;

m., Vitr.

II.

tabula, table;

as,

Cic.

axis, or

mensa; mensula;
III.

see
;

TABLE

Aside-board; abacus, i,m.

IV. A council seated at table ; consessus, The board sits to-day ; habetur us conventus, us V. The floor of a ship; tabulatum. hodie conventus. To go on board ship ; navem, or in navem, conscendere, To put on board ship ; navi, or in navem, imponere. Cic Above board ; To be on board ship ; in navi esse VI. Pasteboard; charta spissior To put aperte. a book in boards ; chartis spissioribus amicire, or induere. I. To lay with boards ; contabulare, To BOARD, v. a. II. To enter a ship by Suet. ; assare coassare Vitr. force ; injecta manu ferrea, in retentam hostium navem transcendere, Cses., or erumpere, Lucan. To BOARD, v. n. i. e. To diet with another at a settled rate; apud aliquem pacta mercede habitationem et mensam habere apud aliquem esse in convictu ; cum To take one in to board; aliquem altero conyivere. To pacto pretio in convictum accipere, or admittere. agree to board with another ; pacto pretio habitationem et mensam alienam conducere. Price paid for boarding ; pactum pro habitatione et mensa pretium. I. One who diets with another ; conBOARDER, s. II. A boy at a boarding-school; puer, victor, oris, m. or adolescens, alendus et erudiendus magistro traditus. BOARDING-SCHOOL, s. Pasdagogium, Suet. To send a boy to a boarding-school; pacta mercede puerum magistro alendum et erudiendum tradere. To BOAST, v. n, De se gloriose loqui gloriar.do se extollere magnifice se jactare atque ostentare ; Cic. To boast of or in, or to make a boast of, any thing ; in re jactare se ; rem de se gloriosius praedicare Cic. BOAST, BOASTING, s. Gloriatio ; ostentatio jactatio ; venditatio Cic. jactantia, Quint. To make a boast of any thing ; see To BOAST. BOASTER, s. Suarum laudum buccinator, Cic. ; facvictus, us.
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;
;

Food;

united by some common lie; corpus ; ordo. The senate in a body ; universus senatus They came in a body to Ccesar ; universi Cassarem adierunt, Caas. To retire in a body ; confertim atque in unum se recipere, Sail. A He has been received into collegiate body ; collegium A body our body ; cooptatus est in nostrum collegium. A body of reserve ; subof troops; agmen, inis, n sidiaries cohortes, or legiones, Liv. ; Caes. They divided their troops into two bodies ; bifariam diviserunt copias, Liv __ He had divided his cavalry into two bodies ; in d'io VI. The principal part of cornua diviserat equites. The body of a coach ; capsus, any thing ; pars major. The body of a tree; arboris corpus, Plin.; i, m. The truncus ; caudex, icis, m. ; stipes, itis, m., Curt. VII. body of a church ; interioris templi pars prior. Wine that has no Strength ; vires, ium, f. pi. ; firniitas. body ; vinum tenue, or leve, Ov. ; Cic -- Cloth of a good body ; crassior pannus. BODY-CLOTHES, (of a horse), s. pi. Equi stratum. To BODY FORTH, v a. Formare ; conformare ;
.

figurare.

Hor. ; locus palustris, Cass., or earth ; solum uliginosum, Plin. Haesitare ; haerere ; titubare, Cic. BOGGY, a. Palustris, Ca?s. ; paludosus, Ov. I. To be To BOIL. v. n. effervescent; ebullire ; effervescere ; Cic. ; bullire, Cels. ; infervere, Hor, ; to boil Plin To ; subfervefieri, Plin. -rfervere, begin The blood boils in To cease boiling ; defervescere, Cic To boil away ; one's veins ; sanguis per venas aestuat. To boil fast ; undatim effervescere. decoqui, Plin. II. To move To boil over; superfundi; sup superfluere. with an agitation like that of boiling water ; ebullire, Cato. The water boils at the spring ; aqua undante scatebra emicat, or undatim scaturit, Col., or bullat, A boiling spring ; fons bullis stellans, Plin. Plin. To BOIL. v. a. Rem fervefacere, or infervefacere, Col.^-

BOG.

s.

Lama,

ss, f.,

paludosus, Ov.

To BOGGLE,

Bog

v. n.

__

To ba.il To boil gently or slightly ; subfervefacere, Plin. To meat; carnem decoquere; cibos incoquere, Plin boil water to a half; aquam ad dimidiam partem decomeat Boiled __ Plaut, Plin Boiled ; ; elixus, quere,
elixa caro.

BOIL. s. i. e. A sort of swelling ; clavus, i, m., Cels. ; furunculus, Plin. BOILER, s. Cortina, ae, f. ; ahenum ; Ov. ; caldarium,
Vitr.
; (cucuma, as, BOISTEROUS, a.

f., I.

Petr.),

Stormy ; procellosus, Liv.

tem-

pestuosus, Gell. furens ; furiosus

torum suorum ostentator, Liv. ; sui jactator, sui jactans, Quint. ; laudum suarum pra?co. A great boaster ; immodicus sui jactator jactator circulatorius Quint.
; ;

II. Furious.; vehemens ; violentus ; furibundus. ; BOISTEROUSLY, ad. Violenter ; tumultuose. I. Intrepid; impavidus, Liv. ; fortis ; acer BOLD. a. To et erectus ; periculi contemptor, contcmptrix ; Cic. / am so bold as to be bold, to make bold ; audere. Cic. te scriberem, ad ut mihi hoc *o write you ; sumpsi Abolddeed II. Audacious; audax ; confidens ; C\c. III. Enterprising; audens. audax facinus. Ter.

BOLD-FACED
IV. Impudent, rude ; impudens ; insolens protervus ; A boldface; improbum ps, Suet. procax petulans ; Cic V. Striking to the eye, prominent ; emincns ; in oculos VI. Free; liber A bold hand-writing; incurrens. A bold exercitata ac prompta in scribendo manus. Too bold a metaphor; transthought; liberior sententia. A very bold metaphor ; latum duriter verbum, Cic translatum audacius verbum, Cic. BOLD-FACED, a. Impudens inverecundus ; (vir) exlie is boldhausto pudore ; Cic. ; cui frons periit, Pers faced ; pudorem excussit, Ter. ; os perfricuit, Cic. I. Intrepidly, with courage; magno BOLDLY, a. II. Audaciously; animo ; fortiter ; Cic. ; impavide, Liv. audacter ; audacissime ; confidentissime ; Cic. ; audentius, IV. ImpuIII. Enterprisingly ; audacter. Tac. V. Freely; dently; impudenter ; sine verecundia ; Cic.
; ; ;

BONE
Cic.

This bone
;

is

suo loco
Plaut.
;

motum To BONE. v. a.

dislocated, or out ofplace i cxcidit os est os, Cels. i. e. To take out the bones ; exossare;.,
e.

alicui ossa

libere

fidenter

BOLDNESS, s. mus, Cic.; fiducia.


dacia
;

fidens ani; II. Audaciousness, temerity ; auIII. temeritas ; Cic. Enterprising spirit ; audentia. IV. Impudence; impudentia, Cic. ; os durum, V. Freeness, liberty; libertas; or impudens, Ter. Boldness of speech ; loquendi libertas, Cic. audentia - To speak with boldness; libero corde fabulari, Plaut To use bold expressions; audere (feliciter). Hor.

confidenter ; Cic. I. Intrepidity ; animus

BOLL. s. Caulis, is, m. To BOLL. v. n. Caulem emittero ; decaulescere ; Plin. I. (For a bed) ; transversum lecti cerBOLSTER, s. II. (For a wound) ; penicillum ; peniculum ; vical.
Cels.

To BOLSTER
miniculari
;

UP. v a.
.

i.

e.

To support;

fulcire

ad-

sustinere
I.

Cic.

dart; missile, is, n., Virg. ; telum ; To lance or hurl bolls ; tela spiculum, Cic. ; sagitta jacere, or conjicere, Cic. : (against any one) ; in aliquem The bolts of envy; invidiae tela, intendere, orintorquere. Bolt upright; A thunderbolt ; fulmen, inis, n Cic. ad perpendiculum exactus, Cic. ; neutro inclinatus ; neuII. An iron pin; tram in partem proclinatus ; Liv. III. The bar of a door ; pescnodax, acis, m., Vitr. the same word may be used to denote The sulus, Ter. bolt of a lock. I. To shut with a bolt; foribus pesTo BOLT. v. a. sulum obdere, Ter. ; fores pessulis occludere, Plaut II. To fasten; A bolted door; oppessulata? fores, Plaut. III. To sift ; farinam incernere, trabem clavo retinere. or succernere, Plaut. ; pollinario cribro excutere. To BOLT OUT. v. n. Loco exsilire, Cic. ; foras se proripere, Ter. BOLTER. 5. i. e. A sort of sieve; farina; incerniculum, Plin. ; farinarium, or pollinarium, cribrum ; Plin. ; Plaut. BOLTING-CLOTH, s. Cilicium, Plin. ; tenue textum cilicinum, Varr. BOLUS, s. Bolus, i, m. BOMB. s. Globus ingens ex zere cusus, ingesto pulvere sulphureo intus confertus. To BOMB or BOMBARD, v. a. Globos ignitos pulvere

BOLT.

s.

Os, or membrum, in sedem suam reponere, or restituere, Cels. BONESETTER. *. Qui luxata membra reducit ad suos usus, Ceis. BONFIRE, s. Festus ignis, Stat. : (in celebration cf peace) ; flammea? pacales, Ov. (after a victory) ; epinicia, orum*, rt pi., Suet. BONNET. *. Pilus ; pileum. A little bonnet; pileolus. BONNILY. ad. Festive ; lepide ; hilariter. BONNY, a. Festivus ; lepidus ; hilaris ; bellus. II. That has large BONY. a. I. Of bone; osseus. bones; magnis ossibus instructus. BOOBY, s. Stultus ; fatuus ; ineptus ; insulsus Like a booby ; stulte ; fatue ; inepte ; insulse. BOOK. s. I. A volume in which we read or write; A little book; liliber, bri, m. ; volumen, inis, n. ; Cic. A manuscript book y codex, icis, m., Cic. bellus, Cic. An old book; vetus et obsoletus codex, or liber To write or compose a book; librum componere, scribere, To publish a book ; librum edere, Cic., conscribere, Cic. To be always at one's vulgare, Quint., emittere, Plin books; in studiis ac literis omne tempus consumere ; in studio literarum assidue versari ; Cic. A bound book ; liber compactus A stitched book ; liber filo compactus. A day-book or memorandum book ; diurni commenA cash-book, accounttarii, pi. ; adversaria, orum, pi book ; accept! et expensi codex, Cic. Without book ; memoriter ; ex memoria ; haud de scripto. To be in any one's good books ; esse in gratia cum aliquo ; esse To get out of any one's gratiosum apud aliquem ; Cic. good books ; aliquem, or alicujus benevolentiam, alienare ; in alicujus offensionem incurrere ; Cic. To BOOK. v. a. In codicem referre ; in acta, in tabulas, in commentaries, referre, or perscribere ; Cic.
v. TO.
:

BONELESS, a. To BONESET.

demere. Exos, ossis,

literis

mandare. BOOKBINDER,
BOOKISH, a.

s.

Librorum concinnator

qui libros

compingit.
Literis, or libris, nimio, or insulse, dedis.

tus, addictus.

BOOK-KEEPER.
ratiocinator, Cic.

Emptarum venditarumque mercium

BOOKSELLER, s. Bibliopola, ae, m., Mart. ; librarius.i, m., Sen Of or belonging to a bookseller; librarius,
a, urn,

A
f.
;

BOOKWORM.
Cic.

Cic A bookseller's shop ; libraria taberna, Cic. second-hand bookseller ; veterum librorum institor. I. Prop. Tinea, ae, f. ; teredo, inis, *. Plin. II. Fig. Qui in (veteribus) libris volutatur,

BOOM. s. II. A bar laid I. A long pole ; pertica. across the mouth of a harbour ; obex, icis, m. BOON. s. Donum ; munus, eris, n. ; donatio ; beneficium
;

BOON. a. Festivus; jocosus ; hilaris. A boon comurbem injicere. Glandium ignitarum jaculator. panion; compotor combibo, onis, m.; or, qui se totura dat jucunditati, Cic. BOMBARDMENT, s. Glandium ignitarum jactus, us. BOOR. s. BOMBAST, s. Inanis verborum sonitus (us), nulla subI Prop. Rusticus agrestis agricola, a?, voces inopes rerum oratio qua? m. II. jecta sententia, Cic. Fig. Rusticus ; agrestis ; inurbanus ; illetarget et inflata est, Auct. ad Her. ampulla?, arum ses- pidus.
nitrato confertos in

gratia.

BOMBARDIER,

s.

quipedalia verba, Hor.

BOORISH,
pidus.

a.

Rusticus; agrestis; inurbanus;


Rustice
;

ille-

BOMBASTICAL. a. Turgidus ; inflatus. To write or speak in a bombastical style ; ampullari, Hor. I. A cord or chain ; vinculum BOND. s. vinclum ; (Of a prisoner) ; vinculum vinclum ligamen, Col. Bonds, fig., i. e. compes, edis, f. ; catenae, arum, f. pi. In bonds ; catenis constrictus, imprisonment ; catena?. Cic To put in bonds ; alicui catenas indere, Plaut., or II. Ceinjicere, Liv. ; aliquem catenis vincire, Ov. To break ment, tie; retinaculum vinculum; nodus. the bonds (of friendship, &c.) vincula rumpere.or revellere ; nodum tollere Cic. III. Connection ; colligatio ; IV. coagmentatio Cic.; catenatio ; connexio ; Vitr. Writing of obligation ; syngrapha, SB, f. ; chirographi V. That which binds or compels ; id quo alicautio.
; ; ; ; ; ; ;

BOORISHLY, ad.
Plin.

ineleganter

Cic.

illepide,

BOORISHNESS.

s.

Rustici mores, Cic.; rusticitas, Plin.;

illepida, or inurbana,

agendi ratio.

Profit ; lucrum ; emolumentum ; quaesII. A covering for tus, us ; utilitas ; fructus, us ; Cic. the leg ; ocrea, ae, f. To put on one's boots ; ocreas induere ; ocreis crura tegere To pull off one's boots ; ocreas exuere. To BOOT. v. a. Rei inservire ; in re valere ; rationi-

BOOT.

s.

I.

bus conducere

To BOOT. v. n. i. e. ocreis crura tegere.

fructuosum esse.

To put on boots; ocreas induere

quis obligatur, or obstringitur. BONDAGE, s. Captivitas ; servitus, utis,

f.

See also

CAPTIVITY.

BONDSMAID. s. Serva servula, 33, f., Cic. BONPSMAN. s. Servus servulus ( taken in war), captivus ; mancipium (born in a master's house) ; verna,
; ;
:

BOOT-TREE, s. Ligneum instrumentum ad dilatandas ocreas aptum. BOOTH, s. Taberna tabernaculum. BOOTLESS, s. Inutilis ; ad nullam partem utilis ; abs
;

re

Cic.
s.

as,

m. BONDSMAN,

s.

(In a

civil suit)

praes, praedis,

m.

a criminal suit) ; vas, vadis, m. BONE. s. Os, ossis, n A little bone ; ossiculum, Cic. Without bones or bone; exos, ossis, Of bone; osseus To take out bones ; see To BONE Plaut The backbone ; spina, ae, f., Cels The shoulder-bones ; scoptula operta, orum, n. pi. ; omoplataa, arum, m. pi. ; Cels. Jaw or cheek bone ; maxilla, ae, f., Plin Shin bone; tibia, ae, f., Cels. Hip or huckle bone ; coxa, ae, f., Plin. He is nothing but skin Ep. ; coxendix, icis, f., Plin. and bones ; ossa atque pellis totus est, Plaut / make no bones about it; mihi non est quominus hoc faciam,

(in

A BOOTY, s. Prseda, ae, f., Cic. ; captivae res, Plant Laden general's portion of booty; manubiae, arum, f. pi TV) make booty ; praewith booty ; praeda gravis, Curt. dari ; praedam facere ; Cic. ; praedam agere, Nep.
BORAGE,
Plin.
s.

BOOTMAKER,

Ocrearum

artifex.

A plant;

buglossus,

i,

f.

bubula lingua;

BORAX, s. Borax, acis, f. ; chrysocolla, as, f., Plin. I. Edge ; ora, ae, f. Border oftlie sea / BORDER, s. Border of a river or lake ; litus ; litus, oris, n. ; ora. That lives on the borders of a lake, fyc.; riparius, ripa N. B. The border of 3 thing may often be dePlin. noted by supremus or summus joined to the substantive. To be on the borders of the grave; media jam morte

BORDER
teneri,Virg. grave ; prope funeII. Frontier ; firatus, Hor. ; capularis (senex), Sen. nis, is ; confine, is, n. ; confinium ; Cic. : usually in the A town on the borders of a kingplural, Borders ; fines. dom ; extrema regni urbs, Virg. \ urbs sita in confinio III.' Edge of a garment ; (tunicse) extremum, regni. A border sewn on; limbus, i, m.,Virg.; instita, ae, Plin IV. A bank oj herbs or flowers i pulvini {., Hor. hortensis margo.

BOTTOM
At the bottom of the heart ; in intimo, or The bottom of A subject ; penitissimo, pectore, Plaut. ipsa rei viscera, urn, pi., Cic If a matter be examined to the bottom ; si res perpendatur ut in se est. The bottom of the table ; imum subsellium At the bottom of the street ; in ultima platea, Ter At the bottom of the letter ; in extrema epistola From top to bottom; a calce ad carceres, Cic. He is at the bottom of the intrigue
;

On

the borders of the

ex animo, Cic

To BORDER, v. a. (Vestis oras) limbo pratexere To border with gold ; auro arabire, Virg. To BORDER UPON. I. To be on the confines of; confinem esse (with a dative), Cic. proximum esse (with a
;

est consilii, or conjurationis, princeps.

II.

terminare (with an ablative), Cic. II. To approach nearly to; accedere ad; esse similem, or confinem, Quint. persimilem, BORDERER. &. Finitimus ; confinis. BORE. s. L Hole made by boring ; foramen, inis, n. The bore of a II. Size oj a hole ; diametros, i, f. gun ; oris torrnenti bellici diametros. To BORE. v. a. Kem forare, or perforare, Cic. To bore with a wimble, or the like ; terebrare ; or, terebra To bore through ; perfodire ; perforare. perforare BOREAL, a. Boreus, Ov.; septentrionalis, Vitr.; (bogenitive), Curt.
;

low ground ; vallis, is, f., Virg. ; ima yallis ; ima loca, orum, pi., Ov. Lying in a bottom; in valle positus, Caes. III. Sediment, dregs; faex, faecis, f crassamen ; Hor. ; crassamentum, Col. IV. Foundation; fundamentum. V. Fig. Ship ; navigium navis.
.

To BOTTOM, v- n. Re, or in re, niti confidere. BOTTOMLESS, a. Infinitus, Cic. ; fundo carens. BOUGIE, s. i.e. Spun wax taper; cerea candela
;

fill

incerati massula.

BOUGH,
sus
;

s.

Ramus
v. n.
;

ramusculus, Plin.
Plin.

bough; ramulus, Cic.; Full of boughs ; ramosus ramulolittle


;

To make a noise; sonitum sonare To bounce the reddere, or facere crepare. door open; fores effringere, or perfringere. II. To
I.
;

To BOUNCE,

realis, Avien.).

BOREAS, s. Boreas, ae, m. BORER. *. Terebra, ae, f. To BE BORN. v. pass. Nasci ; in vitam introire, or To be born after ingredi, Cic. ; vitam auspicari, Plin. the father's death ; agnasci. New born ; apartu recens A son has been born to me ; filiolo auctus recens natus sum, Cic Born; natus; ortus ; in lucem editus Born after the father's First-born ; primogenitus death ; posthumus, Cic Still-born ; ante partum mor;

make a spring or
Plaut.
III.
s.

see To BOAST, BRAG. sudden noise ; crepitus ; sonitus, tis. II. A boast; see BOAST. BOUNCER, s. See BOASTER. I. A limit ; finis, is, m. ; terminus BOUND. *. ter-

leap

salire

subsilire

^ubsultare

To boast;
I.

BOUNCE,

minatio
LESS

Cic.
set

pi.; fines,

ium,

To

Bounds ; termini, m.,Virg. Without bounds; see BOUNDTo prebounds; see To BOUND, v.a
limes,
itis,

pi., Cic.

tuus.

BOROUGH,
Sen.

s.

Pagus, Cic.
v. a.

vicus,

Hor.

civitatula,

scribe bounds to one's self ; certos sibi fines constituere, Cic. ; see also^ LIMIT. II. A spring ; saltus, us, m. To BOUND, v n. Salire ; saltum edere ; saltu se in
.

altum

tollere.
v. a.

To BORROW,
sumere, or
credit of

Rem

ab altcro mutuari,

mutuam

To BOUND,
cumscribere
Cic.
nire, Cic.

Rem

terminare

suis terminis cir-

To borrow money on the accipere. To fide alicujus mutuo sumere borrow of one party in order to pay another ; versuram To borrow a book ; librum ab aliquo utenfacere, Cic dum accipere, Cic. To borrow from an author ; dictum To borrow any one's name ; scriptoris usurpare, Cic. The moon shines nomen alicujus in re interponere. with a borrowed light ; lunalucet aliena luce,. Cic.

mutuam

any one ;

circumdare ; finire ; terminis definire ; ; To bound a view or prospect; aspectum deti-

BORROWER, s. Qui rem mutuam tuum rogare assuevit.


BOSOM.
5.

accipit

or, qui

mu-

BOUNDARY, s. Finis; terminus. A boundary stone ; lapis terminalis, Plin. ; limes, itis, m., Virg. BOUNDEN. a. Alteri obligatus, obstrictus, devinctus. bounden duty ; officium vim habens obligationis, or

BOUND FOR. part. a. i. e. Destined for ; iturus Whither are you bound ? quo tendis, or iter paras ?

necessitatem imponendi.
a. Immensus ; infinitus ; interminatus ; nullis terminis circumscriptus ; Cic. BOUNTEOUS, BOUNTIFUL, a. Liberalis ; beneficus ; To be benignus ; prolixus et beneficus ; munificus ; Cic

Cic To tear a child from its mother's bosom; filium de rnatris A bosom friend; complexu avellere et abstrahere, Cic. amicus quo nemo devinctior, or conjunctior ; familiaris ; The bosom of the church ; ecclesue sinus, necessarius The bosom of the earth ; terrae viscera, or gremium.
Sinus, us, Ov.
;

pectus, oris, n.,

BOUNDLESS,

bountiful towards another; ergaalterumesse beneficum


in alte'rum liberalitate uti, Cic.

n. pi.

Boss.
eris, n.
;

s.

Gibbus,

i,

m., Juv.
a.

gibber, eris,

m.

tuber,

Plin.

BOTANIC, BOTANICAL,
tinens.

Ad artem herbariam
i,

per-

BOTANIST.

*.

Herbarius,
I.

m., Plin.

varus,
II.

BOTANY, s. BOTCH, s. i, m.
;

Ars herbaria, Plin.

An

; (botanica, ae, f.). eruptive discoloration of the skin ;

largo liberaliterque ; munifice ; largiter ; prolixe ; large et To give bountifully ; copiose ; prolixe cumulateque. munifice et large da,re ; large effuseque donare ; Cic. Liberalitas ; BOUNTEOUSNESS, BouNTiFULNEss. s. benignitas ; largitas ; Cic. ; munificentia, Plin. I. Bounteousness ; see BOUNTEOUSBOUNTY, s. NESS. II. A thing bountifully given ; largitio, Cic.
;

BOUNTEOUSLY, BOUNTIFULLY,

ad.

Liberaliter

lentigo, inis,

f.,

Plin.

lenticula, Cels.
;

A part clumsily added ; pannus, i, m. panniculum. To BOTCH, v. a. Panniculum vesti assuere, Hor.

inepte et insulse interpolare, or reconcinnare, Cic. BOTCHER, s. Interpolator, Plaut. BOTCHY. a. Lentiginosus, Val. Max. N. B. Ambo takes after BOTH. a. Ambo ; uterque. it a verb plural ; uterque, a verb singular or plural turn ; et vel ; qua et ; vel Both qua; and; cum cum turn etiam ; turn turn etiam ; simul et ; juxta On both sides ; utrinque ; utrinatque ; pariter atque secus. 'Both ways; ambifariam; utroque.

BOURN, s. See BOUND, I. BOUT. s. At one bout; simul ; una ; pariter eodem A drinking A merry bout ; oblectatio tempore. bout ; perpotatio ; compotatio ; comessatio. Bow. s. i. e. An act of reverence; salutatio, Cic. To make a bow ; salutare, Cic. ; salutationem facere, Liv To return a bow ; salutantem resalutare, Cic. ; To salutationem reddere, Sen salutanti mutuam make a very low bow ; prono ac cernuo corpore ve;

nerari.

See To PERPLEX. A large bottle ; amBOTTLE, s. Lagena, ae, f., Cic A Mart. little bottle ; laguncula, a?, f., Col. phora, ae, f., A wine bottle ; cenophorum, i, n. ; ampulla, ae, f. Cic. Fond of In the shape of a bottle ; ampullatus, Plin. the bottle ; vino devotus, Phaedr. To empty a bottle; A bottle of hay; fceni munipulagenam exsiccare, Cic
v. a.
;

To BOTHER,

I. A kind of weapon ; arcus, us, Bow. s. cross-bow; balista, ae, f. ; scorpio, onis, m., Cic.; (maTo stretch a bow ; arcum tendere, nubalista, Veget.).' or intendere, Cic To draw a bow; sagittam arcu II. A rainbow; arcus ccelestis, Plin. ; emitters, Plin.

III. (For arcus pluvius, Hor.; Iris, idis, f., Virg. IV. (In a knot) ; stringed instruments) ; plectrum, Cic. VI. (Of a V. (Of a ship); prora, ae, f. nodus. saddle) ; ephippii arculus.

lus, Plin.

fascis

fasciculus, Cic.

To Bow.
;

v. a.
;

I.

To bend;
curvare,
;

flectere, Plin.

inflcc-

To bottle To BOTTLE, v. a. In lagenas infundere hay ; fo?num in manipulos colligare. I. The ground or lowest part of any BOTTOM, s. ima pars ; imum. The bottom of thing; fundus, Cic. the sea; maris fundus, Virg.; vadum, Plin. Depth without bottom ; infinita altitudo, Cic. To be at the bottom of the sea ; esse in profundo maris, Cic. To go or sink to the bottom ; demergi submergi mergi, Plin.; The bottom of a pool; desidere, Cels. subsidere, Col. The bottom of a cavern; ultima stagni solum, Col. The spelunca; infimus (intima) specus, us; Phaedr. bottom of a cup, or cf a cask ; calicis, dolii, fundus, Cic.; Col. The bottom of a wound; vulneris fines, ium, pi. ; ultimum vulnus ; Cels. The bottom of the heart ; in; ; ; ;

tere

incurvare
flectere,
II.

Cic.

Ov
;

To bow

genua

Ov

To bow

the head;

Catull. cere ; Cic.

To depress
I.

demittere

the knees ; caput inflectere, deprimere ; deji-

To bend; incurvari ; inclinare ; II. To make an inclination of the pronum esse. To bow to any one ; aliquem body ; corpus inclinare To salutare, Cic. ; alicui salutationem facere, Liv. Ill- To yield, boio down ; se prosternere, or projicere. submit; flectere animum, Ter. ; alteri cedere, Cic. BOW-BENT, a. Curvatus ; incurvatus ; incurvus ;
v. n.

To Bow.

Cic.
pi.
;

BOWELS,

timus animi sensus, Cic 35

From

the bottom of the hearts ^viscera,

I. Intestines ; intestina, orum, n. s. pi. II. Inner part of any thing; viscera, um, n. pi. um, n. pi. ; interior pars : or the word may be

arcuatus, Liv.

BOWER
expressed by intimus or imus, joined to a substantive. III. CompasThe bowels of the earth ; terrae viscera. sion ; see COMPASSION.

BRAN
BRAN.
Cic.
s.

furfur, Col

Furfur, uris, m., Plaut. ; excretus a farina Full of bran; furfurosus, Plin.
s.

BRANCH,

Ramus,

i,

m.

little

branch

BOWER, s. Trichila, ae, f., Col. (arcella, SB, f, Fest.). A vine formed into a bower ; vinea arcuata, or camera;

ramusculus, Plin
;

Of or belonging
ramosus
v. n.
I.

to

ria, Plin.

branches
s.
I.

BOWL,
cavum.

An olive branch ; termes, itis, a branch; rameus. Having Fig. Branches of a family ; rami,
; dividi. stick ; fax, acis, f. ; taeda, ; turpitudinis nota ; la-

ramului,

Plin.; caliculus.
III.

for liquids ; gabata, ae, m., The hollow part of any thing; round mass of wood to play with ;
II.
;

vessel

orum,

To BRANCH,
s.

pi.

BRAND,
ae, f.

In partes se findere

globus missilis.

II.

A mark

burning

of infamy

I. To mark with a hot iron ; noTo BRAND, v.a. tam inurere, Virg. To brand a criminal ; sontem stigII. To imprint a mark of disfenestra. mate notare, Mart. Box. s. I. A kind of tree ; buxus, i, m., Virg. Of grace ; inurere notam turpitudinis vitae alicujus ; inurere maculam alicui alterius famae labem inferre. Of the colour of box ; buxosus box; buxeus, Plin. To BRANDISH, v. a. Crispare coruscare. A place planted with box ; buxetum, Mart. Bearing II. A case to hold BRANDY, s. Vinum igne vaporatum et stillatum. or producing box ; buccifer, Plin. A little box ; pyxidicuBRASIER or BRAZIER, s. Lebetum faber aerarius : any thing ; pyxis, idis, f., Cic. In Plin. la, Caes. pixides, ae, f., Cell. capsula, se, f., Plin. A perfume or scent BRASS, s. the shape of a box ; pyxidatus, Plin JEs, aeris, n Of brass ; aeneus, Cic.;

BOW-LEGGED, a. Varus (homo) distortis BOWLING-GREEN, a. Area cespititia.

cruribus.

bes

macula.

BOWMAN, s. Sagittarius. BOW-WINDOW, s. Ducta in arcum

byx

onyx, ychis, m.,

f.,
;

Hor.

casa

III. A blow (on the A country box ; villa, ae, f. To give a box on the alapa, ae, f. ear) colaphus ear ; colaphum alicui incutere, Ter., infligere, Juv., im; ;

Plin. unguentorum scriniura To be in the wrong box ;

unguentaria pyxidi cella ; A box in the theatre ;


falli
;

sereus, Virg
fig.,

male rem gerere.

Covered with brass ; aeratus, Cic Brass, i. e. impudence ; os durum, or impudens, Ter. ; impudentia, Cic. BRAT. s. Pusio, onis, m., Juv. BRAVADO, s. Verba minarum plena, Hor. ; sermo plenus arrogant, Cic.
I. Courageous ; fortis ; impavidus ; BRAVE, a. A brave fellow ; vir ; e. g. You strenuus acer bello are a brave fellow ; virum te judico, Ter. II. Fine, ornatus ; elegans. III. spruce, smart; bene cultus Excellent, noble ; excellens ; prajstans ; eximius ; egre; ;

(pugilare, Apul.). impingere, Plaut., incutere, Juv. ; aliquem compressa palma ferire, Plaut. Boxiiii. s. Pugil, ills, m., Cic. ; qui pugnis certat. II. A BOY. s. I. A male child; mas, aris, m. A little boy ; puerulus. A servant lad; puer, eri, m. When I was boy ; famulus, minister ; Cic. ; puer, Hor. a boy ; me puero, Cic To play the boy ; pueriliter faA cabin-boy ; nauticus tirunculus. A schoolcere, Cic. A soldier' s boy ; calo, boy ; discipulus ; auditor ; Cic. To cease to be a onis, m., Cic.; lixa, ae, m., Cses boy ; ex pueris excedere, Cic.
.

pingere, Plin. To Box. v n.

To Box.

Pugnis certare
Alicui

v. a.

pugnum

gius
sere

v. a. Alicui minaciter insultare ; lacesultro laceseere ; provocare. v. n. Ostentare ; magnifies incedere. BRAVELY, ad. Fortiter ; strenue : impavido animo.
;

To BRAVE,

praeclarus.

To BRAVE,

BRAVERY,
tas,

magnanimitas
Cic.
III.

BOYHOOD,
hood
;

a pueritia
earliest
;

From
Plaut.

From boyPueritia ; puerilis aetas ab ineunte, or prima, aetate ; Cic. ; boyhood ; a puero parvulo aut pusillo, a prima infantia, Ter.; ateneris unguiculis, Cic.
s.

us.

To BRAWL,
Hor.
;

I. Courage; animus; animus fortis; animi magnitude, or firmi; Splendour ; decor; splendor; ornatus, Boast; see BRAVADO.

s.

fortitude

II.

v.

n.

Jurgare, Cic.

jurgari

rixari

jurgiis, verbis, or dictis

mutuis, contendere, cer-

tare, pugnare.

BOYISH, a. Puerilis. BOYISHLY, ad. Pueriliter. BOYISHNESS, s. Puerilitas. To BRACE, v. a. Ligare ; fasciare, Mart.
obligare, fasciis devincire, Cic.

BRAWL, s. BRAWLER.
cupidus.

Jurgium
*.
I.

lis

rixa.
;

Kixosus, Col.

jurgiosus, Cell.

rixas
se, f.

rem

fascia

BRAWN.
II.

BRACE,

s.
;

I.

A pair or couple;
Cic.
;

Bandage

fascia,

III. A strap on a coach; suspensura, Sen Tac. Carriages hung on braces ; loris substenta, or pensilia
;

II. par, aris, n. ligamen, Col. ; ligamentum,

BRAWNY,
Varr.

The flesh of a boar ; aprugna, The fleshy part of the body ; tori.
*.

a.

Torosus

To BRAY.

v. a.

lacertosus. Terere, Plin. ; pinsere


;

contunderej

To BRAY.
BRAY.
s.

v. n.

Rudere

clamores edere.

loris, vehicula, Catull.

Plin.
f.,

BRACELET,
let ;

s. Armilla, ae, armillatus, Propert. s.

Liv

Wearing a bracepi.
;

BRAYER.
BRAZEN,
us, Virg.

s.

Clamor. Clamator.
I.

a.

Made

of brass

esneus, Cic.

aere-

BRAHMINS,

manes, um, m.

Brachmanae, pi. pi. ; Strab.

arum, m.

Brach-

BRACKET, s. Ligneum fulcrum. BRACKISH, a. Salmacidus, Plin.

BRAD. s. Clavulus. se jactare To BRAG. v. n. Gloriari jactare To brag of any thing ; in re gloriari de re praedicare rem ostentare, Ov. Quint. Cic. BRAG. s. Venditatio, Cic. putida ostentatio jacta;

tio

inanis jactantia, Quint.


s. ;
I.

BRAGGART, BRAGGADOCIO, BRAGGER. who boasts of courage or military exploits

One

thraso, onis,

m., Ter. ; pyrgopolynices, is, m., Plaut. ; miles gloriosus, II. One who boasts of himself *n other respects ; Ter. factorum ostentator, Liv. ; existimationis suae buccinaimmodicus sui jactator, Quint. ; laudum suator, Cic.
;

rum

II. Impudent; impudens; insolens A brazen face ; os durum, impudens, or improbum To put on a brazen face ; os perfricare, Cic. ; pudorem excutere, Ter. BRAZENFACED, a. See BRAZEN, II. BREACH, s. Abruptio, Cic. fractura, Plin. A breach in a wall ; muri ruina. To make a breach ; aliquantum muri discutere, Liv. To make a wide breach ; ingens muri spatium nudare, Curt.' To repair a breach ; moenium ruinas, disjectam muri partem, muri quassata, reficere muri ruinam sarcire. To defend a breach ; stare pro dirutis mcenibus disjectas muri partes propugnare. To mount a breach ; invadere ; mcenium stragem insilire A breach between friends ; dissensio dissidium. To make a breach ; dissensionem facere, or coinmovere. A breach in one's fortunes ; lacuna rei famili; ; ; ;

praeco.

aris.

Gloriose ; jactanter. Implectere ; implicare, Cic. ; intexere, Virg. ; intertexere, Quint. BRAID. *. Textus, us, Plin. ; textura, Lucr. A little brain ; ceBRAIN, s. I. Prop. Cerebrum rebellum To dash out one's brains ; cerebrum alicui II. Fig. Ingenium ; mens ; cerebrum, excutere. Plaut. ; Phaedr. He has a good brain ; felix est cereAn empty brain ; inane ingenium, Liv He bri, Hor. has a disordered brain ; cerebro laborat, Plaut To turn one's brain ; aliquem ad insaniam adigere His brain is turned ; insanit, Ter. ; mentis compos non est ; His brain is cracked ; huic saest mente turbata, Cic

BRAGGINGLY. ad.

To

BRAID,

v. a.

I. Food made of ground corn ; panis, is, BREAD, s. White bread ; panis candidus Household bread ; panis cibarius, or plebeius, Sen.; panis secundarius. New bread ; panis recens Brown bread ; panis ater Yesterday's bread, or bread a day old ; panis hesterA bit of bread ; panis frustum, Cato, fragmentum, nus A bread Plin To make bread; panem fingere, Sen. A small bread basket ; panabasket; panarium, Varr. II. in Mart. Food livelihood ; panis; riolum, general, To beg one's bread; see To BEG He victus, us.

num non

est sinciput, Plaut.


;

est infelix cerebri,


;

Hor.

BRAINLESS, a. Vacuus cerebro, Plaut. amens. non habet, Phaedr Fig.

qui cerebrum

BRAINPAN, BRAINSICK,

s.

a.
I.
;

BRAKE.
BRAMBLE,
tis,

rubetum, Ov. minus frenum


s.

Calva, ae. f., Liv. ; calvaria, ae, f., Cels. Phreneticus, Cic. A thicket of brambles ; dumetum, Cic. ; II. A snaffle; dumosus locus, Cels.
lupi,

To earns his bread by his labour ; illi opera vita est put bread into one's mouth; alicui ministrare victum, To take the bread out Varr. aliquem sustentare, Ter of one's mouth ; alicui ad victum necessaria subducere ; To get one's alicui de commodis suis detrahere ; Cic bread; labore victum comparare; se sustentare; Cic. To want bread; inopia rerum necessariarum conTo eat the bread of any one ; alienis sumpflictari, Cic.
;

tibus vivere.

orum lupatum. Dumus, i, m. vepres,


; ;

is,

is,

m., Col.
;

dumeta, orum
36

rubus, i, m., Plin ; vepreta, orum, pi.

m., Cic. senBrambles, pi. ;


;

BREAD-CORN, s. Frumentum ; triticum. Breadth of the roads; viaBREADTH, s. Latitude Breadth, or equal distance between laxitas, Col. two parallels ; aequilatatio, Vitr. I. To cut in pieces, lacerate ; rumTo BREAK, v.a.

rum

BREAK
pere
;
;

BREATHE
;

To break an His breath is strong; fcetet anima ejus, Plaut. os est perrumpere ; frangere ; confringere ; To break one's legs; alicui llh fcetidum, Cic. arm; brachium frangere, Cic His breath smells of wine; vinum crura suffringere, Cic To break a glass; vitreum calicem redolet inhalat popinam Cic __ Short breath anTo break one's neck y^cervicem gustior spiritus, Cic. ; anhelatio, Plin. frangere, confringere That has short To break one's sleep ; somnum mterrum- breath ; cujus spiritus est angustior, Cic. frangere. suspiriosus, To break one's fast ; jejunia solvere. Plm To fetch breath ; spiritum, or animum, ducere, pere, Plin. Ep To break the seal oj a letter ; literas resignare, or ape- Cic To recover breath ; anhelitum, or animam reciII. To violate; rire, Cic. To hold one's breath ; animam epistolam solvere, Nep. pere, Plaut. ; Quint. To break a law ; continere, or comprimere, Ter., tenere, Cic __ In one frangere ; fallere ; solvere violare legem violare, perfringere, or perrumpere ; contra legem breath; uno spiritu, Cic. ; uno ac continuato spiritu committere To break a vow; jusjurandum violare, Caes. To run till one is out of breath; currere ad To break one's promise ; interclusionem animae, Cic Cic.; fidem solvere, Ter To be out of breath with To break the ranks; running; ex cursura anhelitum ducere, Plaut. promissis non stare ; fidem fallere To ordines perturbare, CiBS. make one out of breath ; alicui anhelitum movere, Cic. III. To overcome, subdue ; To edomare ; the last breath ; usque ad extremum coercere ; domare frangere ; comprimere spiritum A breath of wind; flatus, us, Virg.; flamen, To break a horse ; equum fingere, domare. Cic. subigere To break the spirits; animum frangere To break inis, m., Plin. venti spiramentum, Virg. ; ae'ris aura, the heart ; animum, or aliquem, mcerore conficere. To Lucr. There is not a breath of wind; omnis resedit break the force of any thing ; vim mlnuere, or frangere. flatus, Virg Breath of applause ; aura popularis ; IV. To undo, spoil ; perdere ; delere ; tollere esse aura voluntatis, Cic. To BREATHE, v. n. Spirare ; respirare ; ae'rem spiexitio To break one's health; valetudinem perdere, or To break one' s fortune ; aliquem fortunis om- ritu ducere ; spiritum ducere, or haurire Cic. ; aniaffligere. nibus evertere, or de fortunis omnibus deturbare, Cic. mam reciprocare, Liv. animam attrahere ac reddere, V. To give vent to To break a jest ; jocari risum Plin -- To breathe with difficulty ; vix spiritum trarem per jocum dicere, Cic To break here, Cels. ; anhelare, Ov. ilia trahere, joco movere Plin., or wind ; pedere, Hor. crepitum edere, or reddere, Plin. ; ducere, Hor. {more easily or freely) coramodius, ventris Suet. VI. 1. To break Cels That breathes and gives signs of life ; spirans emittere, crepitum down ; destruere demoliri ; diruere pessum dare. ac vita? manifestos. To breathe, fig., i. e. to live; vivere 2. To break into ; irrumpere in locum, loco, or locum. esse in To breathe, i. e. to relax, pause yivis in labour ; respirare 3. To break one's mind to any one ; aperire se, or aniinterquiescere Cic. To BREATHE, v. a. Auram haurire, or trahere __ roum, alicui, Ter. 4. To break off; dirimere ; disturdissolvere ; rem intermittere. bare To To breathe a pure, air ; haurire, or trahere, auram dissipare break off a match ; rumpere nuptias, Hor. 5. To break salubrem. To breathe one's last ; extremum spiritum To break reddere. To breathe or breathe out slaughter ; sanopen ; perfriugere effringere perrumpere. To breathe in, into, or upon; inspiopen a letter ; literas resignare, or aperire, &c. ; see I. guinem spirare 6. To break up ; dirimere ; dissolvere ; disturbare ; rare inflare To breathe forth or out ; spirare respi; ; ;

dimittere.

rare; anhelare.
v. n.
I.

To BREAK,
gi.

To burst, to open
break
;

rumpi
;

fran-

BREATHING,
spiratio
;

s.

1.

My heart is ready to
;

cor mihi dolet

doleo

corde, Ter.
lucescit
;

animo male

dilucescit.

The day breaks; est, Plaut. II. To become bankrupt; ar;

breathing; spiritus angustiae, Cic.

aes alienum non dissolvere ; gentariam dissolvere, Cic. esse solvendo aere (for aeri) ; alieno non III. esse, 'Liv. ; decoquere, Cic.; foro cedere, Juv.

us __ Difficulty of spirandi difficultas, Cels. ; aeger anhelitus, Virg. ; anhelatio, Plin. II. Aspiration ; brevis ardensque precatio.
ae'ris

The act of fetching breath;


;

re-

aspiratio

spiritus,
;

non solvendo

Virg.

Liv. ; debilitari, Cic. ; consenescere He breaks very fast ; fit morti In Cels Her beauty est, Hor.; praecipiti propior, breaks ; deflorescit formae dignitas, Auct. ad Her. IV. 1. To break from ; se abrumpere ; sejungere se. 2.
decline in health
;

To

deflorescere,

BREATHING-HOLE, s. Spiramentum ; spiramen, Lucan. BREATHING-TIME, s. Requies, etis, f.


BREATHLESS,
a.
i.

spiraculum,

otium

ces;

satio.
e.

Out of breath
i.

anhelus, Virg.
;

anhelans, Phaadr

Fig.,
is,

e.

Dead; exanimis
clunes
;

exf.

animus.

To break
irruere
;

in,

or into

;
;

se inferre

irrumpere irruptipnem facere vi invadere. 3. introrumpere


; ; ;

BREECH,
;

s,

Clunis,

f.

Hor

pi.

nates, ium,

The breech of a piece of ordnance


bellici,

; ferreae

To break in upon ; irruere ruere in ; impetum facere in To break in upon one speaking ; aliquem interforth, or loose
dicentis orationem interrumpere, Cic. ; me4. To break out, intercipere, Quint. ; erumpere ; se educere, or expedire ; evadere ; elabi To break out of prison ; subducere se e custodia evadere, Plin. To break custodiae, Sen. ; out into pimples ; pustulas emittere, Vitr. To break out into laughter ; cachinnum tollere, Cic. ; Hor. Afire breaks out; ignis succenditur, ardet. A war breaks out; bellum ardet; terra flagrat bello. 5. To break through; perrumpere ; viam slbi facere. 6. To break up; dilabi ; dirimi ; dissipari ; dissolvi. To break up for the holidays; feriari a studiis, Cic. 7. To break with one; amicitias cum altero dissolvere, or discindere ; amicitias alicujus disrumpere ; amicitiam divellere, or dissuere ; Cic.

El. stnlae,

pellare

dium sermonem

funda, or postica pars. BREECHES, s. pi. Arctiora femoralia, n. pi. To BREED, v. a. I. To procreate ; generare ; procreare ; gignere ; producere, Cic. II. To cause, occasion; gignere; producere; efficere ; afferre __ To breed a disease; morbos efficere, Hirt. 111. To educate ; educare ; educere ; instituere. Well-bred ; bonis artibus infectus, Cic. To BREED, v. n. Generari ; gigni ; innasci ; orin. BREED, s. I. Race ; genus, eris, n. ; stirps, irpis, II. "Number of animals produced at once f f., Cic. pullatio ; pullities ; pulli una incubatione exclusi. I. BREEDING, s. educatio ; instiEducation; tutio. II. Good manners ; urbanitas ; comitas ; Cic.; urbanae munditiae, Sail. ; morum elegantia. BREESE. s. A sort of fly ; asilus, Virg. ; tabanus,

tormenti

Varr.

oestrus
, .

Plin.
.

BREAK,
tils

s.
;

intervallum

I. Opening ; interruption ; intermissio ; (In music); canspatium ; inane, is, n

intermissio

(In architecture);

prospect,

Sfc. ;

II. sinus, us, Sen. ; recessus, us, m., Cic. of the day; diluculum ; prima lux ; aurora ;

Opening
Cic.

At break of day; primo


Ca?s.

diluculo, Cic; albente ccelo, ut primu'm lux albescit, Virg. ; sub aurora, Ov. ; Before break of day ; ante lucem. I. One who breaks ; qui rumpit, franBREAKER, s. II. Breakers (at git, violat, &c. ; ruptor; violator.
;

BREEZE. 5. Ventus. A gentle breeze i aura. BREEZY, a. Ventosus. BRE VITY.*. Brevitas -- Brevity of a speech; orationis contractio, Cic. For brevity's sake; brevitatis causa ne longum sit ne diutius vos teneam ; ne plura , ne multa, sc. dicam Cic.
; ; ;

To BREW.
coquere.
struere.

v.
II.

a.

I.

To make beer;
moliri
;

cervisiam

To

contrive;

machinari

BREWER,

s.

Qui cervisiam coquit.

sea), pi.

scopuli

caeca saxa.

BREWERY
BRIHE.
5.

or

BREWHOUSE.
Largitio
;

s.

Cervisiae officina.
;

Women's sinus, us. mammae; mammillae, arum, f. pi., Cic.; breasts; ubera, um, n. pi., Virg Breast, fig. ; cor, cordis, n. ; animus ; pectus To keep a secret in one's own breast;
secretum taciturn premere, Cic. ; commissa tacere, Hor.; arcana celare. Curt Of or belonging to the breast ;
pectoralis, Cels.

BREAKFAST, s. Jentaculum. To BREAKFAST, v. n. Jentare BREAM, s. A fish; brema, ae, f. BREAST, s. Pectus, oris, n. ;

donum

pretium

munus,

Jentaculum sumere.

eris, n.

To

offir a bribe ; oppugnare pecunia, Cic. BRIBE, v. a. Alicujus fidem pretio labefactare,

To

Cic To bribe a judge ; jus adulterare pecunia ; To bribe a servjudicem largitione corrumpere; Cic ant; servi fidem pretio labefactare, Cic. (servum pretio corrumpere, Ulp.).-^To attempt to bribe; oppugnare
;

pecunia, Cic.

BREAST-BONE, BREASTPLATE.

s.

Os pectorale
Lorica
,

pectus

Cels.

5.
5.

BREASTWORK.

Pectoralia, ium, n. pi. ae, f., Vitr. ; corona; cre; ;

pido, inis, f. BREATH, s. Anima, Cic. ; spiritus, us halitus, us Sweet breath; suavis anima, anhelitus, us, I'lin Plaut.; oris suavitas, Plin. Stinking breath; anima fcetida, Flaut. ; male olens halitus ; 6s foetidura, Cic. 37

little brick ; laterculus eris, n. Made of brick ; demilater, Vitr. A brick wall , Vitr. testaceus, lateritius, ; To make paries lateribus, or latere, structus, Plin. bricks ; lateres ducere, Vitr. BRICK-KILN. 5. Lateraria, re, f., Plin. BRICKLAYER, s. Structor, oris, m. BKICKMAKF.R. s. Laterarius figulus ; qui lateres dual, or iingit.

BRICK.

5.

Later,

Col.

Half a brick
Caes.

BRICKWORK,

s.

Laterarium opus.

BRIDAL
BRIDAL, BRIDAL,
s.

BRINISH
nuptiale

Nuptiae, arum a. Nuptialis.

matrimonium. A bridal song;


; ;

carmen

epithalamium, Quint.
s.

BRIDE,

Nova

nupta, Catull.

virgo nubens, Plin.

BRIDEGROOM, s. Nuptus ; novus conjux, Plaut. ; novus maritus, Ter. BRIDEWELL, s. Pistrinum ; ergastulum. BRIDGE. *. Pdns, tis, m._ A little bridge; pontiA stone bridge ; pons lapideus, or saxeug, culus, Cic Veil. A wooden bridge; pons ligneus, Cic., or subliA bridge of boats ; pons conjunctis navibus, cius, Liv A swing bridge ; pons versatilis, Caas., navalis, Flor. A drawbridge; pons qui ductariis funibus Plin. To throw a bridge across a attolli aut deprimi potest river ; fluvium ponte jungere pontem flumini impoTo break or nere, Curt., or fluvio injicere, Plin. Ep rKrf-yC- cut off a bridge ; pontem interrumpere, or interscindere,
;

producere ; proferre. 1 1 To bring 12. To bring forth forth young f parere ; edere; eniti. fructum facere; proferre; edere, Cic. "ruit ; To 13. To effundere. fundere forth >ring plenteously ; ; 14. To bring iring by force; adigere ; trahere ; rapere. r
bring
;
.

m (as gain)

orward witnesses ; testes producere, or adhibere. 15. To bring from ; deferre ; deportare. 1 6. To bring one's hand in; se operi assuefacere. 17. To bring in; see

To INTRODUCE. 18. To To CONDEMN, ACQUIT.


To bring

bring in guilty, not guilty ; see 19. To bring into; inducere;

into danger, trouble, fyc. ; aliquem n periculum, angustias, adducere, impellere, inferre. 20. To bring to life again ; see To RESUSCITATE, REVIVE.
"nferre.

Cic., solvere, Curt., dissolvere, Nep., recidere, Hor., To repair a bridge; pontem reporescindere, Cses The river is crossed by a bridge ; amnis nere, Cic ponte transmittitur, Plin. BRIDLE, s. Freni, orum, pi. ; frena, orum, pi. ; Cic. ; frenum Tb be a bridle upon one ; aliquem in officio continere, coercere, cohibere ; alicui frenos adhibere, A bridle, fig.,i. e. a curb, restraint ; frenum. Cic. To BRIDLE, v. a. Equum frenare, Curt. ; equo frenum To be bridled ; frena injicere, or frenos adhioere, Cic To bridle anyone ; alicui frenos injicere, recipere, Cic. To bridle one's passions; libidines or adhibere, Cic. To bridle one's tongue ; refrenare, or coercere, Cic linguam et sermones retundere, Liv. To be brief; ne I. Concise ; brevis. BRIEF, a. diutius teneam ; ne multis moror ; ne plura ; ne multa, sc. In brief; see dicam ; Cic. ; ut paucis absolvam, Sail II. Short, contracted ; brevis; contractus ; BRIEFLY. Cic.

To bring to light ; in lucem producere, or proferre ; To BETEAY, DISCOVER, REVEAL. 22. To bring low ; To HUMBLE, WEAKEN. 23. To bring to nought ; in lihilum redigere. 24. To bring off; expedire, Cic. ; subducere ; extricare, Ov. ; liberare. 25. To bring on ; see To CAUSE, OCCASION. 26. To bring out; see To EXHIBIT, FREE, PUBLISH. 27. To bring over ; (tj> one's party) ; ad partes trahere, Tac. (to one's opinion) ; in
21
.

see see

icntentiam
Plin.

suam deducere, traducere, pertrahere,

Cic.

BRIEF, si Diploma, atis, n. BRIEFLY, ad. Breviter ; paucis'; summatim ; cum breAs briefly as I can ; quam brevissime potero Briefly then ; quid multa ? ut paucis expediam. BRIEFNESS, s. Brevitas. BRIER or BRIAR. s. Vepres, pris, c. ; dumus, i. m., A place Cic. ; sentis, is, m., Col. ; rubus, i. m., Plin full of briers ; vepretum ; dumetum. BRIERY, a. Dumosus. BRIGADE, s. Turma; caterva; agmen; Cic. By brigades ; turmatim, Cies. ; catervatim, Plin. BRIGADIER, s. Agminis, or catervae, ductor. BRIGAND, s. Latro ; praedo, onis, m. ; prajdator ;
vitate.

Ep. 28. To bringto pass ; efficere ; effectum dare j see To ACCOMPLISH, EFFECT. 29. To bring to such a pass ; eo rem perducere ; in eo statu rem collocare The matter is now brought to that pass ; adeo res rediit ; n eum jam res rediit locum ; eo deducitur, ut Ter. ; Cic. 30. To bring to poverty ; ad inopiam redigere. 31. To bring to remembrance ; in memoriam revocare, or reducere. 32. To bring to ; adducere. 33. To bring one toothing; alicui persuadere, ut. 34. To bring under; see To SUBDUE, TAME. 35. To bring up; see To 36. To bring up the rear ; EDUCATE,. INTRODUCE. ducere claudere. 37. To bring word ; agmen ; agmen nuntiare alicui aliquid ; alicui de re nuntium afferre, or perferre, Cic., ferre, Liv., apponere, Ter. ; see To ANNOUNCE, REPORT. 38. To bring word again ; renun;

tiare.

BRINISH or BRINY,
BRINISHNESS.
s.
;

a. Salsus. Salsitudo.

BRINK,

s.

Ora

margo; crepido

Fig.,

brink of; prope abesse ab ; proximum esse on the brink of destruction; periclitari ; in
periculo.

rei

To be on the To be

magno

esse

grassator.

Lively; acer ; vividus ; animosus ; A II. Powerful; vehemens. alacer; see LIVELY. A brisk shower ; imber brisk wind ; ventus vehemens densus ; ingens pluvia. BRISKLY, ad. Acriter ; alacriter ; vivide ; vehementer. BRISKNESS, s. Acritas ; ardor ; ingenii vis, Ov., or
BRISK, a.
I.

BRIGANTINE.
actuaria navis
;

s.

Myoparo,

onis,

m.

actuarium

vigor^ Cic.

episcopius phaselus.
;

BRIGHT, s. I. Brilliant; fulgens ; splendens; A bright star; lucens micans illustris; lucidus
Stella illustris et perlucida, Cic.

BRISTLE, s. Seta, se, f. To BRISTLE, v. n. Subrigi, Virg.


horrescere.

arrigi

horrere

lucida, Plaut., sideribus illustris, ll. Illustrious ; illustris ; micare. splendere ; fulgere ; A bright III. Acute ; acer, cris, e. clarus ; nobilis. et acre acutum genius ; ingenium, Cic. ; mens sagax,

bright night ; nox Tac To be bright;

BRISTLING, part. Horrens. BRISTLY, a. Setosus. BRITTLE, s. Fragilis, Cic. BRITTLENESS. s. Fragilitas, Cic. BROACH, s. See SPIT.

Lucr.

To BROACH,

v. a.

I.

To spit; see To SPIT.

II.

To BRIGHTEN, v. a. Splendorem afferre


dare, Plin.
;

in splendorem

illustrare.

To BRIGHTEN, v. n. Splendescere ; clarescere. I. Lustre ; nitor BRIGHTNESS, s. splendor ; fulgor. To give brightness to a thing ; rei splendorem addere, II. Acuteness (of inCic. ; nitorem inducere, Plin.
;

To tap a vessel ; dolium vino plenum pertundere ; or, in III. To open any store; domesticos usus aperire. IV. To aperire, Cic. ; reserare ; recludere ; Ov. utter ; vulgare ; divulgare ; evulgare ; proferre ; in
lucem proferre ; palam facere. I. Wide ; latus ; largus ; late patens BROAD, a. It is as To make broad ; laxare ; dllatare ; explicare.
:

lumen. BRILLIANCY, s. See BRIGHTNESS. BRILLIANT, a. See BRIGHT. A brilliant BRILLIANT, s. Adamas in latera scalptus. jewel ; gemma stellans. BRIM. s. Ora crepido ; margo. BRIMMER, s. Vino plenus cyathus. BRIMSTONE, s. Sulphur, uris, m. Of brimstone;
;

acris ingenii acies mentis solertia, Cic. ; ingenii


tellect)
;

ingenii vis

sagacitas

largus.

II. Large; magnus ; broad as long; eodem redit. III. Open, spacious ; amplus spatiosus. Broad speech or IV. Coarse; inurbanus ; rusticus.
;

dialect; rustica

vox et agrestis. BROAD AWAKE, a. Experrectus ; vigil. BROAD-BRIMMED, a. Lata margine. To BROADEN, v. n. Latescere, Col. : se laxare, expli-

care, diffundere, Col.; se laxare in latitudinem, Plin.

sulphureus, Cels.

BRIMSTONY.

a.

Sulphurosus, Vitr.
a.

BRINDED or BRINDLED,

Maculosus

varius.

BRINDLE. s. Inspersse pelli macula*. BRINE. 5. Muria, aa, f., Cic. ; muries, ei, f., Varr. Brine, fig., for, the Steeped in brine ; muria conditus BROADSWORD, s. Rhomphaea, ae, f., Liv. sea ; tears ; see SEA ; TEARS. BROCADE, s. Attalicum textile ; Attalica vestis. I. TO fetch from a place ; deferre To BRING, v. a. I. The gain to a ducere II. To fetch BROCAGE, BROKAGE, or BROKERAGE, s. place ; deportare deducere. III. To put into any gotten by promoting bargains ; proxenetae debita merces. adducere; afferr^; apportare. munus. broker a trade in. IV. To The ad adducere II. ; state proxenetae of ; /redigere particular BROCOLI. 5. Cyina, se, f., Plin. ; cyma, atis, n., Col. induce ; aliquem ad rem impellere., incitare, or excitare BROGUE, s. Mala pronunciatio ; plebeius, or rusticaCic. V, 1. To bring about; efficere ; effectum reddere 2. To bring an action see To ACCOMPLISH, EFFECT. nus, sermo. BROIL, s. Jurgium contentio ; rixa tumultus, us ; against any one ; litem alicui intendere ; see ACTION. To raise broils ; tumultuari ; turbas ciere. auferre. 4. To turba 3. To bring away; abducere; abripere To BROIL, v. a. (Carnem) super craticula torrere. bring back; reducere; reportare. 5. To bringdown, a. JErumnosus ; dolore confectus. HUMBLE. 6. see To To BROKEN-HEARTED, dejicere ; deprimere ; affligere ; BROKEN-WINDED, a. Anhelus,Virg. ; suspiriosus, anbring down; see To LESSEN. 7. To bring down; see To WEAKEN. 8. To bring down to the present times ; ac helator (equus), Plin.' To be broken-winded ; ilia dunostra tempora perducere. 9. To bring to an end ; ad cere, Hor. ; trahere, Plin. BROKER, s. Proxeneta, *, m., Mart. ; pararius, Sen. umbilicum ducere, Kor. ; ad exitum perducere. 10. Tc
; ;
;

BROADNESS, s. i. e. Coarseness ; rusticitas. BROAD-SHOULDERED, a. Qui est quadrato corpore, or qnadrata statura ; SueJt. I. The side of a ship; navigii latus. BROADSIDE, s. II. Volley of shot fired at once from the side of a uno navis latere tormenta. ab ship ; explosa

BROKERAGE
BROKERAGE, s. See BROCAGE. BRONZE or BRONZED, a. JEri concolor,
colore imbutus.
Plin.
;

BRUTISHLY
a?ris

Tc BUONZE.
BROOCH.

v. a.
I.

JEris colore imbuere, or irrficere.

anreus, ornatus, us ; or, fibula. one colour ; monochromaton.

kind of ornament; gemmeus, or II. A painting all 'of


I.

To BROOD,
incubare, Col.

v. n.
II.

To

sit

on eggs; ova, or
;

ovis,
;

To BROOD
meditari
;

Fig. Incubare.

OVER.

v. a.

Incubare

(consilia) coquere

animo versari. BROOD. 5. I. A hatch ; pullatio; pullities, ei, f. II. Offspring ; proles pulli unu incubatione exclusi.
soboles
;

; ;

propago, Virg. ; progenies A little brook ; rivulus. BROOK, s. Rivus To BROOK, v. a. and n. Rem patienter, or a?quo aniI cannot brook this; id indigne patior,, mo, ferre, Cic Cic. / cannot brook this affront; hanc injuriam con;

Cic.

BRUTISHLY. ad. See BRUTALLY, STUPIDLY. BRUTISHNESS. s. See BRUTALITY, STUPIDITY. BUBBLE, s. I. A small bladder of water ; bulla, a?, little bubble ; bullula, Cels. II. A trifle ; nugag, arum, f. pi. ; res nihili, Cic. ; gerrae tricae, arum, f. pi., Ter. 4 Mart. HI. A cheat; fraus ; fallacia. To BUBBLE, v.n. Ebullire, Cato; bullare ; bullire ; Cels. ; bullas emittere To bubble from the spring; unJ mte scatebra emicare ; undatim scaturire, Col. To BUBBLE. v. a. See To CHEAT, DECEIVE, TRICK. BUCCANFER or BUCCANEER, s. Latro ; praedo, onis, m. BUCK. s. I. The male of the fallow deer ; cervus ; II. The male of other animals. A buck dama, 33, m. A buck rabbit; cuniculus. III. A lye goat; caper.

f.A

made of ashes ; lixivia, lixivium, or lixivum. Col ashes; cinis lixivius, Plin.; lix, icis, f., Varr.

Buck
IV.

coquere non possum, Cic. I. A plant; genista, ae, f., Virg BROOM, s. cher's broom; ruscus, i, f. ; ruscum, i, n. ; Virg. ; A II. A besom; scopae, arum, f. pi., Plaut. broom ; scopula?, arum, f. pi., Col. BROTH, s. Jus, juris, n. ; jusculum ; sorbitio; To take broth ; jusculum sorbere, Cato. To live
broth
;

ButPlin.
little

Clothes washed in that lye ; lintea lixivio lauta. V. fop; trossulus. To BUCK. v. a. Lixivio lavare. BUCKET, s. Situla, Cic. ; situlus, Vitr. ; haustrum,

Lucr.

BUCKLE,
fibula

s.

TJie

Cels.

To BUCKLE,

Annulus, or orbiculus, fibula instructus tongue of a buckle ; fibulae clavus.


v. a.

Fibulare, Col.

infibulare, Cels.

BUCKLER, s. See SHIELD. BUCKRAM, s. Carbasus illita gummi, Lucr. BUCKSKIN, s. Pellis cervina. BROTHERHOOD, s. Fraternitas, Quint. BUCKTHORN, s. A shrub ; rhamnus, i,m.,Plin. BROTHERLY, a. Fraternus. BUCKWHEAT, s. Saracenum frumentum. BROTHERLY, ad. Fraterne. BUCOLICS, s.pl. Bucolica, orum, n. pi. I. The arch of hair over the eye ; superBROW. s. BUD. s. Gemma, Cic. oculus, Col. To II. The forehead; frons, tis, cilium palpebra. To BUD. v. n. Gemmare, Cic. gemmascere, Col. ; To clear knit the brow ; frontem contrahere, corrugare III. The general gemmas trudere, Virg. up the brow ; frontem exporrigere. To BUDGE, v. n. Loco se movere,Ter Not to budge IV. The edge air of the countenance ; frons vultus. an inch; nusquam pedem summovere, Ter Not to of any high place ; vertex cacumen. Not to To BROWBEAT, v. a. Torve, severe, aliquem intueri. budge from a place ; in loco se continere, Cic To make budge from a person ; ab alicujus latere nunquam disBROWN, a. Fuscus pullus subniger. Do not budge from brown; fuscare fuscum colorem rei inducere. Brown cedere alicui affixum esse Cic To be in a brown study ; de re ali- that spot ; ne te moveas, Ter. ne istinc te commoveas, bread ; panis ater Cic. nusquam te vestigio moveris, Liv. qua attente meditari. BUDGET, s. i. e. A kind of bag; hippopera, ae, f., BROWNISH, a. Subfuscus subniger. Sen. vescas BROWSE, s. Vernus fruticum germinatus (bulga, ae, f., Fest.). BUFF. s. Corium bubulum pellis bubula. frondes. BUFFALO, s. Urus, i, m., Caes. bos ferus, or silvesTo BnowsE. v. a. and n. Pastum morsu carpere,
neus, Ulp.
;

upon una sorbitione vivere, Cels. A little brother; fraBROTHER, s. Frater, tris, m A brother A full brother ; frater germanus terculus. by the father's (mother's') side; frater ex eodem patre A foster brother ; frater collacta(eadem matre) natus

fibula adstringere.

To BUCKLE To (a business), v. n. Rei, or ad rem, animum applicare ad rem incumbere, se conferre rd


;

se dedere

in re

omnem curam

atque operam conferre ;

f.

Cic.

gramine, or frondibus, pasci, Ov.


1

herbas depas-

tris.
I. A blow; colaphus ; alapa. BUFFET/ s. kind of cupboard; armarium. To BUFFET, v. a. Colaphos alicui impingere

cere, Col.

II.

BROWSING,

s.

Pastio, Cic.

BRUISE, s. Cbntusio, Cels. \ sugillatio, Plin. I. To crush ; plagis contundere ; To BRUISE, v. a. II. To break into powder ; infrinsugillare, Plin. To bruise small ; comminuere. gcre friare infriare To bruise in a mortar; pinsere; pilo contundere He who The act of bruising in a mortar ; pinsatio bruises; pinsor. I. Noise ; sonitus, us ; strepitus, us. BRUIT, s. II. Rumour; rumor; fama. To BRUIT, v. a. llumorem spargere, or dispergere.
;

ali-

quem
trio.
,

colaphis ca;dere, pugnis contundere.


II.

BUFFOON,

I. A pantomime ; mimus, Cic. s. hisA jack-pudding; sannio, onis, m. scurra,


;

As a bufm., Cic Of a buffoon; scurrilis, Cic To ploy the foon ; mimice, Catull. ; scurriliter, Plin. buffoon ; scurram agere ; scurrari, Hor. ; scurriliter ludere, Plin. Ep.

BUFFOONERY,
vernilitas, Plin.
;

s.

It

is

bruited abroad
.

Subfusca. I. Attack; impetus; impressio; agII. Calamity ; calamitas ; infortunium ; cagressio. sus adversus, or infestus. I. An instrument for cleaning; scopula, BRUSH. II. A painter's ae, f. ; verriculum ; peniculus, Plaut. III. A rude assault ; impepencil; penicillus, Cic. IV. A bundle of small tus ; aggressio ; occursus, us.
s.

BRUMAL. BRUNETTE, BRUNT, s.

fama est ; jactatur. Brumalis ; hibernus.


;

BUG.

s.

Cimex,
s.

Scurrilis dicacitas, or jocus, Cic. ; vernile dictum, Tac. icis, May-bug; scarabaeus stri-

dulus, Plin.

Terricula, or terriculum, Liv. (terriculamentum, Apul.).

BUGBEAR,

larva

sticks ;

virgultorum

fascis

Brushwood

cremium,

Col.

V.

tail (of v. a.

a fox)
I.

cauda.

To BRUSH,
II.

To rub with a brush; scopula

praestringere

verrere ; convcrrere ^ scopis purgare. ; strike lightly or with quickness; stringere ; rem attingere, Cic. ; levi transcursu I. To brush away or off; fostine To BRUSH, v. n. II. To brush by; aufugere; festinanter fugam capere. celeriter et violenter praeterire.
detergere, Col.

To

BRUSH-MAKER. s. Scopularum, &c., confector/ BRUSHWOOD, s. See BRUSH, IV. brutis BRUTAL, a. I. Brutish ; ferinus ^ belluinus humanitatis exII. Inhuman, cruel; ferus affinis.
; ;

pers

saevus

BRUTALITY,
citas.

ferox. Feritas s.
v. a.

immanitas

saevitia

fero-

To BRUTALIZE,
S33ve

Effcrare.

BRUTALLY, ad. More, or ritu, belluino ; ferociter ; ; inhumane, Cic. BRUTE, a. I. Senseless ; brutus. II. Brutal; soe BRUTAL. BRUTE, s. The brutes ; belluzr, Brutum animal. arum, f. pi. He is a brute ; immanis et fera boliun cst. BRUTISH, a. II. Stupid) I. Brutal; see BRUTAL.
see STUPID.

To BUILD, v. a. yEdificare, Cic. ; exaedificare, Cass. ; To build a city ; conexstruere, Cic. ; struere, Mart. To build a ship ; dere, or aedificare, urbem, Cic. navem aedificare, or construere, Cic. ; navigium texere, To build a bridge; pontem in Plin,, fabricari, Tac To build on another man's flumine facere, Cic To build ground ; sedificium exstruere in alieno, Cic. To build on the on pillars, piles, %c. ; suspendere, Cic sand; in lubrico atque instabili fundamenta locare, Plin.; spe caduca niti, Ov._ To leave off building; To spend money in buildaedificationem deponere, Cic. Materials ing ; in asdificiuTYi ppcuniam conjicere, Cic To build castles in for building ; aedifidis utilia, Plin. the air ; in acre piscari, Plaut. To BUILD UPON. v. a. i. e. To rely -upon ; niti ; alicui magnoperc, or plurimum, fidere, cbnfidere ; in aliquo fiduciam habere, ponere, or reponere ; Cic. BUILDER, s. JEdificator; structor. BUILDING. 5. I. The act of building; aedificatio, II That v'hich has been built ; Cic. ; structura ; Caes. aediilcium, Cic. \ aedificatio, Cato; (and Cicero uses this word to denote a collection of buildings).
BULB. s. Bulbus, i, m., Plin. BULBOUS, a. Bulbosus bulbaceus ; Plin. I. To founder; To BULGE, v. n. scopulis allidi. II. To jut out; exstare ; prominere; ventrem facere,
;

BUGLE, s. Cornu, n. indecl. ; cornu venatorium. BUGLOSS. s. Buglossus, i, f. ; euphrosynum ; Plin.

Plaut.

BULK.
tude.

*.

I.

Size; amplitude; mapnitudo

Of great bulk; m.in-nj; amplus;

; crassiciossus.

39

BULKY
II. The whole or thing of vast bulk; moles, is. greatest part of a thing caput ; pars major, or potissima To buy or sell by the bulk ; aversione, or per aversionem, emere, vendere, Ulp. III. The part of a building that juts out ; projectura, Vitr. ; exstantia,
,-

BURGLARY
BURGLARY. *. Parietum effossio vel perfossio. BURGOMASTER, s. Municipii praefectus urbis prases
;

consul

praetor.

Col.

venter, Plaut.
a.
II.
s.

BULKY,
araplus.

quod

prosilit, Plin.
;

Ep.

BULL.

a bull ; tauriformis, Hor A story of a cock and a bull ; sermo qui nee caput nee pedes habet, Cic. II. A letter published" by the pope; Roman! pontificis diploma III. A blunder; putidus error ; plumbo obsignatum
erratum.

belonging

to

I. vastus ; crassus ; Big ; ingens Corpulent; corpulentus, Plaut. I. The male of a cow; taurus. Of or a bull; taureus, Ov. ; taurinus. Plin Like

BURIAL, s. Humatio ; sepultura. See also FUNERAL. BURINE. e. A graving tool ; caelum, i, n. BURLESQUE, a. Jocularis ; ocular ius ; Ter A burlesque style ; ludicrum dicendi genus. To BURLESQUE, v. a. Jocose, or joculariter, in aliquem
i

illudere.

BURLY, a. Pinguis crassus obesus corpulentus. BURN. s. Cutis (&c.) adustio ambustio To cure
; ; ; ;

burns

BULLACE. s. Prunum silvestre ; Plin. BULL-DOG, s. Canis Molossus. BULLFINCH, s. Rubicilla, ae, f. BULL-HEAD, s. See BLOCKHEAD, BOOBY. BULLET, s. Globulus ferreus tormenti bellici
.

glans

Red-hot bullets ; globuli ferrei igniti. plumbea. BULLETIN. Diaria scheda. BULLION, s. I. Gold or silver uncoined; auri, arII. Coin not current ; aes, argentum, genti, massula. or aurum, grave. BULLOCK.*. Juvencus ; buculus ; Varr. BULLOCK'S EYE (in architecture), s. Aperta in or; rixosus ; Col. ; II. jurgiosus, Cell. ; rixae cupidus ; rixator, Quint. A blustering coward ; thraso, onis, m. ; miles gloriosus ; Ter. ; pyrgopolynices, Plaut. To BULLY, v. a. Minari ; alicui minaciter insul-

To BURN. v. a. I. To consume by fire; urere, Hor. ; comburere, Cic. ; deurere, Liv. ; exurere, Virg. ; creTo burn entirely ; concremare, Cic. To mare, Plin. burn round; amburere, Cic To burn at one end ; praeTo burn alive ; vivum comburere, Cic urere, Tac To burn a town ; vastare urbem incendio, Cic. To burn a letter ; epistolam inflammare, Cic To burn incense to the household gods ; thure penates adolere, Virg. To burn daylight ; lucernam in sole accendere To burn to ashes; in cineres redigere. II. To scorch; urere adurere ; Liv. Ov To burn one's fingers, fig. ; detrimentum facere, or accipere, Cic. A burning thirst ;
; ;

ambustis mederi, Plin.

sitis

urens.

bem, or orbiculata, fenestella. BULLY, s. I. A quarrelsome fellow

are

To BURN. v. n. I. To be on fire; ardere; flagrare; II. To be inflamed with passion: aestuconflagrare. exaestuare ; ira, amore, cupiditate, ardere, flagrare, ; To burn after / aliquid arincendi, inflammari, Cic dere, sitire. To BURN up. v. a. Urere ; adurere ; torrere. See

To BURN.
BURNET. s. A plant; pimpinella, ae, f., Plin. BURNING, s. See FIRE, FLAME. comburens ; BURNING, a. I. That burns; urens II. That is on fire ; ardens j flagrans. torrens. BURNING-GLASS, s. Speculum urens ; speculum quod adversum solis radiis accenditur, Plin. To BURNISH, v. a. (Aurum, argentum) polire, expo:

tare, Cic.

__ Of or belonging to a Juncus, i, Full of bulrushes; juucosus. A bulrush; junceus bed of bulrushes ; juncetum. BULWARK, s. Agger, eris, m., Cic. ; munimentum ; The bulwark of the state ; reipropugnaculum, Liv. publicse firmamentunij Cic. BUMBAILIFF. s. Lictor; apparitor. BUMP. s. Tuber, eris, n. To BUMP. v. a. Contundere ; colaphum impingere. To J3UMP. v n. Tumere ; turgere. BUMPKIN, s. Rusticus ; agrestis. BUNCH, s. I. A hard lump; gibbus, i, m., Juv. ;
BULRUSH,
s.
.

lire, laevigare, laevare.

BURNISHED, part.
gold
;

aurum

Burnished Politus ; laevigatus politum, laevigatum, interrasile, tritu perpoBurnished


s.
I.

litum, Plin.

silver ;

argentum
;

BURNISHER,

One who burnishes

gibber, eris,

m.

racemus.
culus

1 1 1.

To BUNCH

bunch of feathers
OUT.
v.

II. A cluster; tuber, eris, n., Plin. A number of things tied together ; fasci;

plumeus apex.
Exstare;
;

II. burnishing stick s (polio, onis, m., Jul. Firm.). politoris radula. BURNISHING, s. Politic ; laevigatio ; Plin. BURNT, a. and part. Ustus ; combustus; exustus ; Cic. ; perustus, Liv. ; deustus, Tac. ; crematus, Cic.

rasile, Veil. auri politor ;

n.

prominere.

Bunching out ; gibbosus. BUNDLE, s. Fascis


;

fasciculus

; fasces, ium, pi __ Bundle ojff'! abi To BUNDLE UP. v. a. Convasare, Ter. ; sarcinas colligere, Varr. ; res in fasciculum colligere, componere, cogere, or compingere. BUNG. s. Dolii obturamentum, Plin. To BUNG. v. a. Dolium obturare, Plaut.

bundle of rods

manipulus.
!

Cic.

BURNT-OFFERING. *. Holocaustum. I. The lobe of the ear; aurium terminatio, BURR. s. II. A round knob of horn next to a deer's head ;
s.

tuberculum.

BURROW,
lum.

Cuniculorum
v n.
.

cubile, antrum, or latibu;

To BURROW,
ire, or irrepere.

Cubilia facere
;

or, in

cavum sub-

BURSAR,
Just.).

s.

Thesauri custos

(thesaurarensis, Cod.

BUNG-HOLE, s. Foramen, inis, n. To BUNGLE. v. n. Infabre, or imperite, aliquid


cere, or facere.

confi-

BUNGLER, s. Imperitus artifex. BUNGLINGLY. ad. Infabre imperite. BUNN. s. Libum; crustulum, Hor. BUOY. s. Ancorae index ; index ancorarius
;

innatans truncus. To BUOY UP. v. a. Sustentare BUOYANCY, s. Levitas. BUOYANT, a. Levis.

aquae

suftulcire.

BURSE, s. See EXCHANGE. To BURST, v. a. Rumpere. See To BREAK, v. a. To BURST, v. n. Rumpi disrumpi, Plaut. ; see To To be ready to burst with laughing; ilia BREAK, v. n risu contendere ; risu solvi, Hor. -risu corruere, Cic To To burst out into laughter ; in risum prorumpere A cloudbursts; burst in pieces ; dissilire dissultare The barns burst with plenty; erumpit nubes, Virg To eat till one horrea rumpunt immensae messes, Virg
; ; ;

BUR, BURDOCK.
SB, f.,

5.

bursts
ae,
f.
;

; cibis

se ingurgitare

cibo se obruere, or vires op-

plant; lappa,

persolata,

Plin.

BURDEN, s. I. A load; onus, eris, n __ A burden carried ; onus ; gestamen ; sarcina To be able to bear a burden ; oneri ferendo esse, Liv. To be unable to bear a burden; oneri non sufficere, Plin __ To lay a burden upon one ; onus alicui imponere, Cic __ To lay down a burden; onus deponere.or dejicere __ To take up a burden ; re se onerare onus tollere, Cic To undertake the burden of a thing ; onus suscipere, Cic __ A beast of burden; jumentum sarcinarium, Caes.,dossuarium, or II. The verse revectarium, Varr., clitellarium, Col. It is the burden peated in a song ; intercalaris versus
;

To be bursting with fat ; pinguedine deTo burst with envy ; invidia rumpi, Mart. Burst of laughter ; cachinnus ; BURST, s. Fragor. Burst of sunrisus solutus, immodicus, inconditus
primere, Cic.
hiscere

shine; fulgor; splendor.

To BURY.

v. a.

I.

To

inter ;

(mortuum) humare,

of his song;
Tff

burden severely ; onere gravare, or premere __ To burden the memory ; memoriam obruere __ To burden with taxes or imposts ; imponere plebi nimium ponderis, Cic. ; populum onerare, Plin. See To LOAD, OVERLOAD.

eamdem canit cantilenam, Ter. To BURDEN, p, a. Onerare onus alicui imponere __


;

II. To conceal; vix funeribus Libitina sufficit, Liv. remotegere ; celare ; occultare ; abscondere ; ah oculis vere. To bury in the earth ; in terrain defodere, or abTo bury a secret ; commissa scondere ; terra obruere silentio tegere, Curt. ; taciturn rem secum habere, Plaut. To bury a treasure ; thesaurum abstrudere, Plaut. ;

or humo tegere, Cic., humo mandare, Virg. ; (corpus) terrae reddere, Cic., sepulcro condere, Ov. ; sepelire To bury alive; vivum terrae obruere, Sail., or defodere, There are hardly enough to bury the dead ; Plin. Ep.

opes condere, Virg. BURYING, s. Sepultura

BURYING-GROUND.

s.
;

mtme
;

BURDENSOME, a. Gravis onerosus. BUREAU, s. Armarium. BURG or BURGH, s. Municipium. BURGESS, s. Municeps ; civis homo municipalis.
;

sepulcrum, Hor.
s.
I.

humatio. See BURIAL. comSepulcretum, Catull. (cemeterium, in ecclesiastical


; ;

writers).

BUSH.

A thick tree ;

dumus,

Cic.

rubus, Virg.

Right of a burgess

BURGHER, BURGLAR,
tarius, Sen.
;

s. s.

; jus civitatis ; civitas.. Civis potentior. effossor, or eflractor; effrac(effractor, Ulp.).

Parietum

II. A bough of a tree fixed at the door of a tavern ; Good wine needs no bush , hedera vini venalis index III. A tuft (of hair) \ vino bono non opus est hedera. cirri, orum, pi. BUSHEL, s. Modius. Half a bushel ; semimodius. Three bushels ; trimodium. (See MODIUS.)

40

BUSHY
Full of bushes ; dumosus. II A bushy tret ; arbo; Thick; densus ; spissus, Cic A opaca, densa, or frondosa, Cic., spissa rainis, Hor. bushy beard; opaca barba, Catull. BUSILY, ad. Actuose, Cic. ; sollicite, Suet. ; anxie

BUTCHER
XII. But if; sin sin quin ; ne non. autem. Butifjioi; sin minus ; sin aliter. XIII. But rather ; imo ; quin imo. XIV. But yet ; but however but at the same time ; at ; attamen ; tamen ; veruntamen BUTCHER, s. Lanius, Cic.; (lanio, onis, Pand ). A butcher's shop ; carnarium, Plaut. ; caruariae tabernae Varr. ; mensa lanionia, Suet. To BUTCHER, v. a. Mactare ; trucidare ; caedem fa;
;

BUSHY,

a.

I.

and the

like

Plin.

man

I. Employment; occupatio, Cic BUSINESS, s. without business ; homo negotiis vacuus, Cic. ;

A
j

shall have business

have

so

i non deerit quod agam, Plaut. much business on my hands ! quanta occupatione
!
!

cere

Cic.
s.
i.

BUTCHERY,
occisio.

e.

I will quantis occupatipnibus implicor Cic. II. Affair, make it my business ; ei rei operam clabo. matter, subject of business ; res ; negotium ; Cic. ; negotin. An important business ; resgravis, Cic. orum, pi., Ter. A troublesome business; res invisa. A trifling business; How does this business proceed ? ub" negotiolum, Cic The busiloco res est ? Plaut. ; quo loco res est ? Virg. ness does not proceed so fast as was expected ; res est spe The business is at a standstill; haeret tardior, Liv. The business goes on well badly; negotium, Plaut. se habet, Cic male To attend to res praeclare one's own business ; negotium suum agere ; rem privatam obire ; rationibus suis prospicere et consulere, Cic. a business ; negotium susconduct To undertake gerere, agere ; Cic Togo to see any one concipere cerning a business ; de re aliqua aliquem adire, Ter. A man of business ; natus rebus gerendis To be full of business ; multis negotiis implicari, obrui, Cic III. The object Full of business ; plenus negotii, Cic. IV. Profession that engages the care ; opus, eris, n. or occupation in trade ; mercatura, Plaut. ; commercium, Cic. To be in or, ars, Cic., if the business be an art business ; mercaturam facere, Cic. ; mercaturas facere, Plaut. ; negotiari, Cic. ; commercium, or artem, exerV. Part, office, duty ; officium; pars; munus, cere. It is your business; tuas sunt partes ; onus, eris, n hoc tua interest ; tua res agitur, Cic It is my business, you have nothing to do with it ; hoc nihil ad te, nostrum est onus.
distineor
:

Murder, slaughter;

ccedes

strages

BUT-END. s. Extremitascrassior. The but-end of a musket; igniarii clavula BUTLER. 5. Cellae vinariae curator ; vini promus or, in a wider sense, promus condus promus. BUTT. s. I. Mark to be shot at ; scopus meta, Cic. To be the butt of fortune ; ad omnes fortunae injurias He is the butt of envy ; invidiae patet. exponi, Sen II. Aim, end; finis: Cicero uses also <rxo*o; in this III. A vessel for wine, figurative sense. $c. ; dolium. To BUTT. v. n. Arietare cornu ferire. BUTTER, s. Butyrum, Plin To make butter; buty; ; ;

rum

facere,
illita.

Plin

Bread and butter; panis

offula

butyro

(Panem) butyro illinere. BUTTERCUP, BUTTERFLOWER. s. Ranunculus, Plin. BUTTERFLY, s. Papilio, onis, m., Col. BUTTER-MAN, s. Qui butyrum vendit. BUTTER-TEETH, s. pi. Dentes anteriores. BUTTERY, s. Armarium promptuarium, Cato. (cella promptuaria; promptuarium; Apul.). BUTTOCK, s. Clunis nates, ium, f. pi. BUTTON, s. I. Catch by which clothes are fastened s II. Bud of a plant; gemma, Cic.; oculus, globulus.
v. a.
;
;

To BUTTER,

Col.

To BUTTON, To BUTTON,
mascere, Col.
;

v a.
.

Globulis (vestem) astringere.

v. n.

(Of plants)

gemmare,

Cic.

gem-

gemmas

trudere, Virg.

BUSKIN, Buss. s. BUST. s.

s.

Cothurna, See Kiss.

ae,

f.

BUTTON-HOLE, s. Fissura cui globulus inseritur. BUTTON-MAKER. 5. Globulorum opifex. BUTTRESS, s. Anteris, idis, f. ; erisma, atis, n., Vitr.

Signum pectore tenus

statua dimidia sui

BUXOM,
;

a.
i>.

parte trunca.

BUSTARD, s. Buteo, onis, f. ; otis, idis, f. BUSTLE, s. Tumultus, us ; turba. To make a


turbas cicre

bustle

; tumultus movere, or facere. I. Full of business; occupatus; negotiis BUSY. a. impeditus, or implicatus ; negotii plenus, Cic. ; qui multa To be busy ; satagere ; multis negotiis satagit, Sen Always busy, in doing nothing ; gratis anheimplicari. II. Meddling, troublelans, occupatus inotio, Phaedr. some ; qui se alienis negotiis implicat ; molestus. A

busybody ; ardelio, onis, m. To BUSY. v. a. Aliquem in laborious exercere ; or, To busy one's self about any thing; occupatum tenere rei operam impendere ; in re versari, operam ponere, animum occupatum habere ; Cic. I. As an adversative'; at ; sed ; verum BUT. conj. vero autem. Obs. At, sed, verum, are used at the beginning of a sentence ; vero, autem, after one or more N. B. It may often be omitted, as, 1. In an words. antithetical sentence ; e. g. tu es dives, ego pauper vero
; ;
:

may be used in such a case, but it is more usually omitted. If the second member contain no predicate, but a negative in
its

sin me odisti, &c. But here vero may be employed with equal propriety. 3. When qui, quee, quod is used, at the beginning of a sentence, for is, ea, id, or hie, haec, hoc ; e. g. pater dedit mihi librum; quern cum legere vellem, &c. II. Except ; extra ; praeter ; when followed by a case nisi; praeterquam; when not followed by a" case None but he; nemo praeter ilium, illo excepto, or si ilium excipias. III. Only; tantum ; solum ; modo But a short He came but yesterday ; heri primum venit time since; non ita pridem ; nuper admodum ; jam nuper ; IV. Now forms) ; (in atqui ; at nuperrime. syllogistic V. But that, i. e. if not ; ni, nisi, nisi quod, vero, Cic. VI. But for, i.e. or quod nisi, with a conjunctive. without ; absque. VII. Not but that; non quod non ; non quin. VIII. But, after no, none, never, scarce, There is seldom, and the like ; quin ; qui non ; nisi qui scarcely a day but he comes to my house ; dies fere nullus est quin domum meam veniret, Cic. There is none but is afraid of you; nemo est qui te non metuat, Cic. IX. But, after nothing, nothing else, and the like quam ; She does nothing but grieve; nihil aliud non; nisi.
: ;

non item ego.

place, item should be used ; e. g. tu es dives, 2. After sin ; e. g. si me amas, gaudeo ;

Emere, Cic. ; pretio emere, Ter. ; comparare, Cic. ; pretio, or pecunia, compaTo buy up ; commercari, Plaut. ; coemere, Cic. To buy beforehand ; praemercari, Plaut To buy To buy on credit; emere often ; emptitare, Plin. Ep absente pecunia, or obstricta nummis fide, Cic. To buy for ready money ; emere pecunia praesenti, Plaut., or To buy a bargain ; emere bene, Cic. numerata, Cic To buy at a reasonable price ; emere salubriter, Plin. To buy at a low price; emere vili pretio, vili, Ep To buy dearly ; emere male, or carius, vilius, minimi. Cic. To buy too dearly ; emere nimio, Plaut To buy at a higher price ; emere pluris, or majori pretio. To buy by weight; emere pondere, Plin To buy a thing at its value ; emere quanti aestimatur, Cic., quanti To buy at any price; emere aequum est, Plin. Ep. quoque pretio, Cic. animosissime comparare, Suet. To Fond of buying ; a buy provisions ; obsonare, Plaut. Fondness for buying; a mind great buyer ; emax, Cic. to buy ; emacitas, Plin To be fond of buying; to have a mind to buy ; empturire, Varr. To buy and sell; mercari nundinari negotiari. To buy of one who hat no right to sell; a malo auctore emere, Cic To buy a pig in a poke; spem pretio emere. BUYER, s. Emptor; emptrix. A great buyer ; emax. I. Prop., of insects ; b'ombum faTo Buzz. v. n.
a.

To BUY.

Hilaris; festivus.

mercari

rare

cere, edere, emittere,Varr. ; susurrare, Virg. ; strepere, II. Fig., of persons; susurPlin. ; murmurare, Col. rare ; murmurare ; Cic. ; murmurillare, Plaut. ; mus-

are

mussitare
dispergere
;

Ter.
or ABROAD, v. a.
s.
I.

To Buzz ABOUT
;ere,
;

Rumorem
;

spar-

in vulgus ferre.
uris, n., Virg.
;
I.

Buzz, BUZZING,
Varr.
[I.

Hum

of insects

bombus,

/ saw nothing but what was com*dolet, Ov mendable ; nihil non laudabile visi, Ov. laim at nothing but your safety ; nihil laboro, nisi ut salvus sis, Cic. N. B. But, for which not; quod non ; e. g. There is nothing so incredible, but may be made probable by language ; nihil est tarn incredibile quod non dicendo fiat X. But, after cannot, is represented by probabile, Cic. non with an infinitive, or by quin, or ut non, with a con-

quam

; fremitus, 6s, Col. fremitus, \ls. bird of prey ; buteo, onis, m. [I. A blockhead; bardus ; stolidus ; see BLOCKHEAD. BY. prep. I. (Denoting the agent) ; From, of, out II. (Denoting the cause or if; a: ab ; e ; ex; de. means) ; rendered by an ablative without a preposition, r by per with an accusative. III. (Denoting manner); By, with the word it governs, must usually be rendered By dcy an adverb in im ; e. g. By stealth ; furtim. Man by Street bystreet; vicatim. \rees; gradatim. Sometimes in, nan; viritim /rs;'alternatim. By with an accusative, is used ; e. g. By turns ; in vices. IV. (Denoting conDay by aay ; in singulos dies. trinity) ; According to; de; ex ; e. g. de compacto, By V. (Denoting time); By the space of agreement. ircnty years ; per viginta annos. By break of day; cum >rima luce; diluculo, Cic. By night; per noctem ; loctu By By this time ; jam By day; interdiu VI. (Denoting quanhe hour's end; intra horam.

murmur,
s.

confused noise

BUZZARD,

junctive ; e. g. non or ut non, faciam.

possum non

facere

non possum quin,

:ity),

XI. But, after not doubt, not fear,

after a comparative degree ; rendered by an abative case of the word which denotes the measure ; e. g.

BY
prope ; juxta ; secus ; propter ; apud ; secundum ; ad the two latter to be Used only of place, not of person : VIII. Before an English (of motion) ; per ; prater. participle of the present tense, it is rendered by the IX. After verbs gerund in do ; as, By giving; dando. of motion, it is to be rendered by the ablative case of the word of place ; or by per (through), or praeter (beside), with an accusative By sea, by land ; mari, terra X. After passive verbs or By the way ; per viam. participles, it is rendered either by a dative of the agent, or by ab with an ablative ; e. g. He is not seen by any He is praised by some, body; nee cernitur ulli, Virg he is blamed by others ; laudatur ab his, culpatur ab illis, Hor. Sometimes the construction is made by per, with XI. In forms of protesting, swearing, an accusative. entreating, adjuring ; per ; e. g. per hanc dextram oro, XII. Ter. ; per, te, parentis memoriam obtestor, Sen. XIII. By one's self, i.e. By reason of ; per; propter. ad XIV. solus. By weight; pondus. By alone; rule ; ad normam. By the mother's side ; per matrem materno ortu. By candle-light ; de lucerna. By moonmemoriter By heart ; By much; light ; ad lunam multo. By so much ; tanto. By how much ; quanto By no means; nequaquam. By all means; omnino By some means or other; aliquo modo. By what means? qui ? quo pacto ? quo modo? By chance; casu forte ; fortuna. To be BY. ad. Haud procul in proximo ; prope When he was by; adesse ; adstare; prsesto esse, Cic. by ; praesente, or adstante, illo. BY AND BY. ad. Mox illico ; confestim ; protinus ; e vestigio ; extemplo.
:

CADET
quam.
rest)
;

Higher VII. (Denoting proximity)

by ten feet than ; denis pedibus altior


;

Near

to,

near; (of

natu.

younger brothers frater minor II. A young volunteer ; tiro, onis, m. CAG. s. Doliolum, i, n. CAGE. s. I. An inclosure for birds; cavea, ae, f.
s.
I.

CADET,

inclosure for wild beasts; sepes, is, f. ; sepIII. A kind of prison; carf. ; ; orum, n. To CAGE. v. a. Includere yincula, in caveam, in septum, or in career em. To CAJOLE. v. a. Blandiri ; adulari. CAJOLER. s. Blandus; adulator. CAJOLERY, s. Blanditia; adulatio. CAITIFF, s. Scelus, eris, n. ; scelestus, malus, i, m. ; nebulo, onis, m. CAKE.*. I. A kind of bread ; placenta, ae, f. II. A mass of any thing ; pondus, eris, n. ; massa, ae, f. To CAKE. v. n. Concrescere ; cogi.
II.

An

eer, eris,

tum; sepimentum, i, n. m. custodia, ae,

BY THE BY

or

BY THE WAY.

ad.

Obiter

in trans-

cursu.

name ;

BY-END, s. Consilium secretius. BY-LANE, BY-STREET, s. Deverticulum ; via devia. BY-NAME, s. Nomen ridiculum, or nugatorium, Plaut.; To give a byappellatio ignominiosa, or probrosa, Plin
fcedare aliquem appellatione, Cic.

Miser, era, erum ; infelix ; calamitimes ; miserum et luctuosum In ; tempus temporum tristitia, injuria, or iniquitas very calamitous times; gravissimis reipublicae temporibus. CALAMITY. 5. I. Misfortune; infortunium, i, n. ; casus adversus ; calamitas, atis, f. ; res adversae ; maII. Misery; infelicitas, atis, f ; miseria, ae, lum, i, n. f. To be involved in calamity ; esse in miseriis ; calamitate affligi ; fortuna duriori conflictari. To CALCINATE or CALCINE, v. a. In calcem redigere ; fervido igne torrere. Calcinated in calcem redactus. CALCINATION. *. Rei in calcem redigendae ratio. To CALCULATE, v.n. I. To compute, reckon; supputare ; rationem putare ; calculos subducere ; calculum To calculate the expense; sumptus ad ponere (poet.) calculos vocare ; sumptuum rationem habere. II. To adapt, adjust ; accommodare ; aptare. CALCULATED, a. Accommodatus ; aptus ; idoneus ; par.
a.

CALAMINE. s. CALAMITOUS,

Cadmia,

se, f.

aerarius lapis.

tosus.

Calamitous

';

CALCULATION, s. Computatio, ratio, onis, f. CALCULATOR, s. Calculator, oris, m., Mart. CALDRON, s. Lebes, etis, m. ; cortina, ae,

f. ;

ahe-

num,

i.

n.
s.

BY-PATH. 5. Semita devia ; deverticulum. BY-PLACE, s. Latebra ; secessus, us ; locus secretior. BYSTANDER, s. Spectator ; fern., spectatrix ; qui negotiis,

CALEFACTION.

Calefactus, us, m., Plin.

or in rebus, interest, Cic.


s.

BY-WORD,

Dictum

proverbium

effatum

Cic.

c.
CABAL,
s.

I.

union of several in some bad de-

II. Intrigue ; ars; fallacia. sign; coitio, conspiratio. To CABAL, v. n. Societatem coire ; conspirare. Cabbala ; arcana Hebraeorum doctrina. CABALA. 5. CABALIST. s. Cabbalista. CABALISTICAL. a. Cabbalisticus. CABALISTICALLY. ad. Cabbalistice.

CALENDAR, s. Fasti, orum; ephemeris, idis, f. CALENDER, s. Prelum pannis laavigandis idoneum. To CALENDER, v.a. Prelo densare et expolire prelonitorem panno addere. CALENDS, s. Calendae, arum, f. CALF. s. I. The young of a cow ; vitulus, i, m. A Of or belonging to a calf; vitulinus, a, um. II. The thick sea-calf ; vitulus marinus ; phoca, ae, f. the f. sura, ae, leg ; part of CALIBRE, s. I. The bore of a gun; oris tormenti bellici diametros. II. Size, volume; amplitudo, inis, f. ; modus, i, m To be of a different calibre ; non bene
;

convenire.

To
vis

CALICO, s. Tela e filo xylino texta. CALLIGRAPHY, s. Ars eleganter pingendi literas. CALK. *. a. Navem reficere, or stipare stupa na;

rimas farcire.

CABALLER.
machinator.

*.

Homo

seditiosus

fraudum

artifex,

I. A plant ; brassica ; crambe ; olus. s. A head oj'cabbage ; cabbage-leaf; brassicae folium. II. Any thing stolen ; furtum. To CABBAGE, v. n. Furari ; rapere ; surripere ; intervertere; avertere.

CABBAGE,

caput brassicae.

CABIN,
II.
;

s.

I.

III. A cottage ; A chamber in a ship ; dia?ta. IV. A tent ; tugurium ; or, casula ; tuguriolum. tentorium ; tabernaculum. I. A private roomj conclave secreCABINET, s. The cabinet or council of a tum aides secretae To consult in prince ; conclave principis secretius.

small room; diaeta

cella; cellula.

casa

CALKER. s. Navis refector. CALL. s. I. A verbal address ; vocatio, onis, f. ; voII. A summons, invitation; accitus, us, catus, us, m. m. (only in the ablative); invitatio. III. Impulse f IV. impulsus, us, m. ; impulsio, instigatio, onis, f. A calling over the names of those who are to compose an To answer to the call; assembly ; nomenclatio, onis, f V. A visit,- salutatio. ad nominarespondere. To CALL. v.a. I. To name; aliquem appellare, nominare ; nomine afficere ; nuncupare To call by name ; aliquem appellare nomine suo ; rem suo nomine notare, or proprio nomine signare To be called f

What are you nuncupari ; nominari ; dici ; audire. / am called Phormio ; called f quid tibi nominis est ? est mihi mihi est Phormio, Plaut. ; He is called (or calls himself) vocor Phormio, Ter II. To summon ; by this name ; hoc est nomine, Ter. aliquem vocare, evocare, accersere, asciscere, accire, exIII. To invite; vocare ad ccenam. IV. To cijje. drawers for curiosities ; scrinium ; capsula cistula. call in ; e. g. a physician ; advocare medicum aegro. To CABINET-MAKER, s. Capsularum, or scriniorum, opifex. call in, i. e. to abrogate ; see ABROGATE To call in, CABLE, s. Kudens funis ancorarius ; ancorale To i. e. to resume ; resumere, iterum capere To call in cut the cable ; ancoram preecidere. To call back ; requestion ; rem in dubium revocare. CABRIOLET. 5. Volubilis currus, us ; currus gemin& vocare; retractare retrahere ; reducere To call over; nominatim appellare ; nomina pronuntiare ; per nomina tantum rota instructus. To raise or excite a citare. CACHINNATION. s. Cachinnus To call out, i.e. to challenge; provocare; lacessere ; adoriri To call out or aloud, i. e. to exclaim ; cachinnation ; cachinnum movere. CACKLE or CACKLING, s. Clangor, oris, m. declamare exclamare aliquid clamitare ; reclamare To CACKLE, v.n. Clangere. To call together, i. e. to assemble ; convocare ccetum ; CADAVEROUS, a. Cadaverosus. conventus indicere ; senatum cogere ; in unum locum To call names ; aliquem contumeliis laCADE. s. Cadus, i. m. compellere To call away ; abducere CADE. a. Cicur, uris mansuetus, a, utn. To call cessere, or afficere To call off; avertere, abduTo CADE. v. a. Mansuefacere. for; poscere, postulare To call aside ; aliquem CADENCE, s, Numerus, i, m. ; modus, i. m. Having cere, avocare, abstrahere a good cadence ; numerosus, a, um. With good cadence ; seducere, e turba subducere, or educere To call forth ; To preserve a good cadence; numerose evocare,; excire. To call upon (for aid) ; invocare ; imnumerose. orationem fundere; niuneris sententias claudere; nu- plorare^ To call upon, i. e. to solicit for a favour or a merum servare. debt i aliquem rogare ; rem ab aliquo petere ; postulare ;t 42
;

A cabinet ministhe cabinet ; secreta consilia agitare A cabinet counter ; a sanctioribus consiliis principi sellor ; consiliarius interioris admissionis ; a consiliis seII. A place in which rare or valuable cretioribus. III. A set of boxes or things are kept; museum.
; ;

nomen Phomionis

CALLING
To call t poscere ab aliquo flagitare, or effiagitare witness ; aliquem testem facere, or adhibere, antestar or contestari. To call to mind or to remembrance ; ren or rei, recordari ; rem rei, or de re, reminisci To ca, to account; vocare aliquem ad calculos, Liv., or a computationem, Plin. ; postulate aliquem rei, or d To cat re, Cic. ; Suet.; mores alicujus exquirere. up (from sleep) ; e somno, or dormientem, excitare ; ex To call up the spirits. 1. (Of another) pergefacere. stinmlare et excitare ; animos excitare ; veterno arcer 2. (One's own) ; se erigere, exsurgere. (poet.) CALLING, s. I. Professions vitae genus, institutum
;
t

CAMPAIGN
camporum patentium, aequor agri aequata planities camporum immensitates, or immensa spatia. II! Hostile movement of troops; bellum expeditio'
;
;

CAMPAIGN, s. I. A large open tract of ground campus ; campus apertus, or patens ; camporum, or

vitae

butus camphoram redolens. CAN. s. Cantharus sometimes it may be rendered by aquahs, or OBnopnorum, according to circumstances. To CAN. v. n. Curt. ; induratus, Liv. I. To be able ; posse ; valere To become callous; occallescere, Plaut. II. Har pollere potestatem faciendi habere esse, with a dened in mind, insensible ; durus ; immisericors gerund in do; e.g. He can pay; est solvendo. J cannot ; nequeo ; non possum ; non est in manu mea ; ferreus. mini integrum non est ; non est in mea potestate CALLOUSNESS, s. Duritas ; duritia ; durities, Ov. J CALLOW, a. Implumis ; non pennatus. N.B. Pliny cannot but ; non possum quin ; or, nequeo mihi temperare quominus, (followed by a conjunctive) says, juvencae ave.s. Let each CALM. s. do what he can ; quantum potest quisque nitatur I. Stillness ; tranquillitas ; tranquillum / A calm at sea; malacia, Csss. maris mollities can read, speak, fyc. Latin or Greek ; scio Latine, or Graece He can paint; scitpingere. II II. It expresses Plin.; tranquillitas, Cic.; tranquillum, Cic. Freedom from passion ; animi tranquillitas ; animus ;he potential mood, and is to be rendered in Latin by tranquillus, quietus, or sedatus ; animi quietus et pla- the subjunctive, sometimes by the imperative, and cidus status. sometimes by posse with the infinitive ; e. g. You can III. Freedom from disturbance; quies otium. fay ; dicas, die, or potes dicere. CALM. a. Tranquillus ; quietus ; sedatus. CANAL, s. Canalis ; canaliculus ; fossa (when it The sea is calm ; mare tranquillum est, Cic. ; stat ventis pla- connects two rivers or pieces of water). silet aequor, CANARY-BIRD, s. Avis Canariensis, or Fringilla CaThe sea having cidum, Virg. Virg become calm ; sedatis fluctibus et tempestate commutata, naria, Linn. Cic. ; sopito mari, Plin. CANARY-GRASS, s. Phalaris Canariensis, Linn. To CALM. v. a. Sedare ; tranquillare ; tranquillum To CANCEL, v. a. I. To annul, obliterate; abroTo calm the sea; fluctus sedare, delere rescindere ; antiquare ; irritum facere. reddere; placare jare Cic. ; motos componere, Virg. II. To cross a writing; scriptum lineis cancellatim To calm a tempest ; To calm men's minds ; tempestatem serenare, Virg uctis, or decussatis, delere ; or simply, scriptum deanimos tranquillare, lenire, sedare To calm one's ere. CANCER, s. I. A crabfish ; cancer marinus. anger r iras ponere, tenere, or reprimere, Ov., cohiII. rhe sign of the summer solstice; Cancer. bere, Virg., comprimere, Sen., sedare, Lucan. ; animum III. A acidum et mollem reddere, Cic. 'irulent sore; cancer, Cels. ; canceroma, Cels Of or CALMLY, ad. Tranquille ; placide ; placate"; sedate. to a cancer ; canceraticus, Veget. elonging To sleep calmly ; dormire placide, or sine cura. To CANCERATE. v. n. Cancerare, Apul. To hear ill tidings calmly ; acerbo nuntio nihil commoCANCEROUS, a. Canceraticus, Veget. veri To receive an injury calmly ; aequo animo inCANDID, a. I. White; see WHITE. II. Fair, open, candidus juriam pati. ngenuous ; simplicis veritatis amicus ; CALMNESS, s. See CALM, s. A candid mind; liberalis, or ingepertus ; sincerus CALORIFIC, a. uus, animus. Excalfactorius, Plin. ; calorificus, Gel CANDIDATE, s. A fellow or Candidates'; petitor CALOTTE, s. Pileolus ; galericulus. iv al candidate ; competitor; rivalis. CALTROP, s. I. An instrument with CANDIDLY, ad. Ingenue ; sincere ; candide ; aperte ; spikes ; murex. To set caltrops ; murices ferreos defodere ; muricibus x animo simpliciter. locum sternere. CANDIDNESS. s. See CANDOUR. II. A plant; tribulus ; carduus CANDIED, a. Saccharo conditus ; in crystallum stellatus, To CALVE, v. n. Vitulum parere, or eniti, oncretus. CANDLE, s. Candela, Col A tallow candle; canTp CALUMNIATE, v. a. Aliquem calumniari, or falso crimine accusare ; alicui falsum crimen objectare ; in ela sebata, or ex sebo To make tallow candles f ebare candelas A wax candle; candela cerea A aliquem calumniam adhibere, crimen fingere, falsum crimen contexere, or intendere To work by Calumniated; calurn- nould candle ; candela in formam fusa
;

or ratio ; ars ; munus ; officium. II. Station, condition genus, conditio, or status ; or simply, status. III. Divine vocation ; divinus afflatus.

The beginning of a campaign ; belli initium. At end of a campaign; exacta acstate. To open a campaign ; exercitum in expeditionem educere, or ex hi bernis movere This campaign has been successful bellum hoc anno sat feliciter gestum est We have brought the campaign to a close in three months exmensibus tribus confecimus. peditionem CAMPHOR, s. Camphora, ae, f. CAMPHORATE, or CAMPHORATED, a. Camchora imthe
:

CALLOSITY, s. CALLOUS, a.

Callum, Cic.
I.

callus,

i,

m., Cels.
;

duratus Hardened; callosus To be callous ; callere, Plaut.

'

niis impetitus ; falso accusatus. CALUMNIATOR, s. Calumniator ; obtrectator ; alienae famae violator. A female calumniator ; falsa accusatrix, Plaut. ; calumniatrix, Ulp. CALUMNIOUS, a. Contumeliosus ; calumniosus, Ulp.

^.ndle-light ; lucubrare.

CANDLEMAS. 5. Lustrantis se Virginis festivitas. CANDLESTICK, s. Candelabrum A branched canlestick ; candelabrum brachiatum ; candelabrum pensile tiultifidum flat candlestick ; candelabrum manuale ;

CALUMNIOUSLY. ad. Per calumniam. CALUMNY. 5. Calumnia ; falsa accusatio ; obtrectatio ;

alienae famae violatio.

CAMEO. *. Lapis anaglyptus. CAMAIEU. s. i. e. A picture of one colour^ imago monocromatos, or monochromateae, Plin. ; monochroma, Vitr. CAMAIL. s. Epomis, idis, f. ; humerale, is, n., Paul.
Jet.

andelabrum humile manubrio instructum. CANDOUR, s, Animi candor ; ingenuitas ; simplitas He is a man of candour ; est veritatis amicus, ic. ; est pectore candidus, Ov. ; animus illi candidior, Hor. To CANDY, v. a. (Poma) (melle, saccharo) condire, Fit to candy ; conditaneus, Varr. ; condiomponere nentarius ; condititus Col. Candied ; saccharo con,

itus.

Tenuissimo lino contexta tela. Camelus, Cic. ; camelinus, Plin. driver of camels ; camelorum agitator. ( Camelarius
not Latin.)
Icon's

CAMBRIC, s. CAMEL, s.

To CANDY,
A
is

v.

n.

In albicantem crustam

concres-

re.

CAMELEON.

Camel's hair ; cameli pilus. s. A GameChamaeleon, ontis, n., Plin. change of colour ; mutatio versicolor, Plin.

CANDY, a. CANE. s.

In chrystallum concretus. I. A reed; canna ; arundo

calamus.

CAMELOPARD. s. Camelopardalis, is, f. CAMELOT. s. Pannus e villo caprino contextus ; contextum caprinum. CAMERA-OBSCURA. s. Cella obscura in qua exteriora radiorum repercussu expressa depinguntur. CAMISADE. s. Antelucana, or nocturna, oppugnatio,
or impressio. CAMOYS or CAMOUS. a.

(Nasus) ab imo reflexus, or sursum retortus. CAMP. s. Castra, orum, n. Of or belonging to a camp ; castrensis To pitch a camp; castra ponere, To force a camp ; castra perrumlocare, or metari. To attack a camp ; castra adpugnare, or adpere sultare. A flying camp ; expedita manus ; agmen. To CAMP. v. n. In castris degere.
43

of canes; arundinetum, Plin.; cannetum, locus arundinosus, Catull. Bearing canes; rundifer Made of cane ; arundineus, Virg. ; canneus, ol. II. A walking-stick ; baculum ; baculus; scipio ; A blow with a cane; baculi ictus. acillus ; bacillum fustis. III. A reed used for inflicting blows; 7ith strokes of the cane; fustim. To CANE. v. a. Bacillo (with a cane used as a walkig-stick) aliquem caedere ; alicui fustem impingere ; uste percutere. CANINE, a. Caninus Canine hunger ; inexpleta d cibos aviditas, Plin. I. A small basket ; quasillum ; quaCANISTER, s. calafiscella ; cistella ; llus ; corbula ; cistula ; liscus. II. A tin box; pyxis stannea ; capsula.
all.;

A bed

CANKER,

s.

orm ;

eruca,

ae, f.

Cancer ; carcinoma, Plin. f. ; campe, es,

canker-

CANKER
To CANKER, To CANKER,
CANNIBAL.
vescitur.
*.

CAPER
;

w. a.

Corrumpere vitiare. v. n. Corrumpi vitiari. Qui captivorum, or hominum, came


;

CAPER.

*.

.1.

A jump, leap;

levis in

sublime saltu*;

CANNON,

s-

^Eneum murale, bellicum tormentum

A cannon(g!ob,s ferreis excutiendis, if necessary) To be ball; globulus ferreus e tormentis mittenduB. within cannon-shot ; interiorem esse periculo tormentorum.
Displosis tormentis quatere tormentis muralibus verberare ; oppugnare tormentis.
v. a.

or simply, saltus ; pedum saltando implkatio To cut capers ; agjli saltu se in sulilime tollere ; levi saltu In altum emicare. II. A bud of the caper-bush; cappar, aris, n., Sail.; capparis, is, f., Plin.; cap| ari, n. A caper-bush; capparis, is, f., Col. ; capindecl., Cels
par, aris, n., Plin.

CAPILLAIRE.
Plin.

Adiantum, Plin.
(in

CAPILLAMENTS
CAPILLARY, CAPITAL, a.
II.

To CANNONADE,
s.

flowers),

s.

Stamina, um,

pi.,

c.

I. A rule, statute ; statutum ; decreII. The books of Holy regula; norma ; lex. Scripture ; libri s;icri, or canonici ; corpus librorum sacrorum. III. A church dignitary; canonicus The

CANNONEER, CANON, s.
;

Tormenti

librator.

Capillaris, Plin. I. Relating to the

head;

capitalis.

tum

canon, lav>

jus canonicum.
a.

CANONESS. s. CANONICAL,
exactus.

Canonica. Canonicus

ad canonum normam

CANONICALLY. ad. Legitime, canonice. CANONIST, s. Juris canonice peritus, or professor. CANONIZATION, s. Alicujus in divorum numerum adscriptio.
-

v. a. Allquem inter sanctos rite refernurnerum divorum rite adscribere. or CANONSIIIP. s. Canonici munus. CANOPY. 5. Umliella. CANOROUS, a. Canorus sonorus. I. A CANT. s. corrupt dialect; sermo barbarus,
;

To CANONIZE,
in

CANONRY

Principal, chief ; praecipuus ; principals, Cic. ; po1. Capital (a principal sum)', III. To risk one's capital; venire in dubium He gives without touching his capital ; dat sortis, Ter. de lucfo, nihil detrahit de vivo, tie. 2. A capital (city) ; urbs regni caput, Plin. ; urbium princeps, Hor. The enemy's capital ; capitalis hostis, Cic. 3. A capital crime; capitale crimen,or facinus; crimen capitis, Cic It is a capital crime ; est capitale, Cic. 4. Capital letters ; majores, or majusculee, literae. CAPITAL, s. (In architecture); capitulum, Vitr. ; capitellum, Plin. ; epistylium, Varr. CAPITALIST, s. Homo pecuniosus ; dives positis in fenore nummis, Hor. CAPITALLY, ad. To accuse capitally ; litem capitis in
tissimus, Suet. caput; sors

inconditus, plebeius, or

rusticanus.

II.

forrnofspeakin
;

sermo inexplicatus.

III.

A peculiar A whining

pretension to piety or goodness ; fallax imitatio simulatioque virtutis virtutis vnna ostentatio. To CANT. v. n. Sermone barbaro, &c. uti ; simulare. CANTEEN, s. Capsa loculata, lagenis convehendis idonea. To CANTER, v. n. Citato cursu ferri. CANTHARIDES. s. Cantharides, urn, f. pi. ; cantharidae,

arum, f. pi. CANTICLE, s. Canticum. CANTO, s. Cantus, us,m. liber. CANTON, s. Regio; ragus. To CANTON, v n. Vicatim dispergi. I. A kind of coarse cloth ; cannabum ; CANVASS, s. cannabis tela cannabina Of canvass ; cannabinus. II. The sails of a ship ; vela, carbasa, orum, n.
;
.

To proceed capitally against one ; de The adaliquo capitis, capite, or de capite, inquirere verb capitaliter occurs, Plin. Ep. < 'APITATION. s. Cic. exactio, Capitum CAPITOL, s. Capitolium. I. A body of the statutes of a chapter ; CAPITULAR. s. or monachorum, simul congregatorum decanonicorum, creta. 11. A member of a chapti r; canonkus ; cui ju* suffragii est in canonicorum concessu. CAPITULAR, a. Ad cauonicorum collegium pertinens. To CAPITULATE, v. n. De arce dedenda cum oLsidentibus pacisci ; de conditionibus dedendae urbis cum hostibus agere ; or, ad conditiones venire, accedete. CAPITULATION, s. Arcis dedendae leges, or conditiones ; de arce dedenda pactio.
aliquem inferre

CAP-MAKER. *. Pileorum opifex. CAPON. 5. Capus, i. capo, ouis. CAPOT. *. (At picket); ibliis lusoriis exutus. To CAPOT. v. a. Foliis lusoriis exueie.
;

CAPOUCH.
CAPRICE,

*.

III. Solicitation

of votes; sollicitatio
1.

prensatio

s.

Cucullus, Juv. ; cucullio, Cato. Libido; animi impetus; levitas.

ambitus ; ambitio. To CANVASS, v.

a.

To

sift;

rem ponderare, ex-

To act by caprice ; lil idine rem gei ere, cr repentmo animi impetu, impetu quodam animi. Caprice of Jortune ; fortunae mobilitas, vices, Cic. CAPRICIOUS, a. Varius ; intonstans ; ingenio levis. Fortune is capricious ; vaga est et volubilis, or varia,
fortuna.

pendere, perpendere, pensitare, examinare, considerare. II. To debate ; rem agitare, Cic. ; quaestionem excutere, Plin.

To

CANVASS,

v.

n.

Ambire; aliquem prensare;

ali-

cujus gratiam aucupari. CANZONET, s. Cantiuncula, Cic.

CAPRICIOUSLY, ad.

Repentino animi impetu


;

impetu

quodam animi.
CAPRICORN,
Cic.
s.

He is not any thing ; qui, quae, quod, potest, or valet. capable of so a great crime ; abhorret a tanto facinore, or ab eo tantum facinus. Wicked men are capable of every crime ; cadunt in malos omnia scelera. III. Qualified idoneus ad rem agendam accommoda.for ; rei capax tus. IV. Able to receive or understand ; qui intellectum rei capere potest ; aptus ad docendum. V.
;

Pileum capitis tegumen, or integumentum. A lady's cap; calantica reticulum A little cap; A nightcap ; pileum dormitorium. pileolus To CAP. v. n. To take off the cap in salutation; caput aperire, or nudare caput alicui adaperire. CAPABILITY, s. See CAPACITY. CAPABLE, q. I. Able to hold; capax; qui, quae, II. Endued with requisite powers for quod, capit.
CAP.
s.
; ; ;

Capricornns

caper

brumale signum,

Ergata, ae, f., Vitr. Capsula, ae. f. I. (In the army); imperator, dux, A ductor ; ordinis, or turmae, ductor ; centurio. captain of the guard; praetoriae cohortis, or praetorii, A great or celebrated captain; belli dux praefectus II. (In prasstantissimus, Cic.; armis inclytus, Virg. the navy) ; navis praefectus. III. A leader of banditti i
s.
s.

CAPSTAN, CAPSULE, CAPTAIN,

s.

Learned ; doctus
CAPACIOUS,

eruditus
;

peritus.
;

a. Largus latus ; amplus spatiosus. N.B. Amplissimum magnitudine theatrum, Very

capacious, Cic.

To

CAPACITATE,
s.

v. a.
I.

Dare

alicui facultatem, or po;

Seizure of person ; comprehensio. II. Seizure ofgoods ; in bona manus injectio. CAPTIOUS, a. I. Insidious, ensnaring ; captiosus. Captious arguments ; fallaces conclusiunculae. To deceive by captious arguments; disputationum To answer captious arguments ; caplaqueis irretire tiosa solvere. II. Given to cavils, eager to object; censorius rixaa cupidus ; rixosus, Col. ; jurgiosus,
I.
;

latronum dux CAPTAINSHIP, CAPTION, s.

(Of pirates')
s.

; archipirata. Praefectura.

testatem, &c.

Cell.

CAPACITY,

(capacitas, Col.). us, m. ; facultas

Room, space; amplitude, Cic. II. Power of the mind ; captus,


vires.

CAPTIOUSLY, ad. Captiose, Cic. I. To bring into To CAPTIVATE, v. a. bondage;


capere ; in servitutem dare, or addicere ; injungere alicui II. To charm, ensnare, subdue ; capere ; servitutem. animum devincire ; animum illecebris trahere, or delinire; irretire ; voluntates hominum conciliare. CAPTIVE, a. Captivus ; in servitutem datus ; in carcere detentus ; in vincula conjectus ; carcere inclusus. To make captive; in servitutem asserere, dare,
addicere.
neri in carcere, Ter illecebris trahere.

ingenii

capacity ; pro meo ingenio ; pro modo ingenii, Cic. Things beyond one's capacity ; majora intellectu, This is beyond my capacity; hoc in mearn Quint. intelligentiain non cadit ; hoc superat captum meum ; Cic. III. State, condition; power, ability ; potestas;
facultas.

According

to

my

CAP-A -PEE' or CAP-A -PIE'. Armed cap-d -pie ; cataTo arm phractus, J>iv. ; continuo ferro indutus, Tac. one's self cap-a-pie ; justa arma sumere, Curt.
CAPARISON,
s.

To be captive ; esse To hold


Captivus
;

in vinculis, Cic. ; atticaptive, fig. ; animum

Phalerae,

Hor.

demissum undique

CAPTIVE,
;

s.

in servitutem

datus

To

equi stragulum.

CAPARISON, v. a. Equum tapetis insternere, CaVirg. ; equum amplo ac fluenti stragulo cooperire parisoned ; demisgo undique stragulo coopertus. \. A headland ; II. CAPE. s. promontorium. The neckpiece of a cloak ; colli amictus. III. A .kind Of cloak ; bardocucullus, Mart. ; sagum cucullatum, Col.

To

redeem or deliver a captive ; captivum a servitute redimere aliquem e vinculis eximere, or e custodia
eojiittere.

CAPTIVITY,

s.

Captivitas

servitus,

utis,

f.

see

SLAVERY To hold in captivity; servitute opprimere. To deliver from captivity ; alicui finem captivitaris To be reafferre; servitutem ab aliquo repellere, Cic

CAPTOR
Irna-d from captivity ; servitutem exuere, Liv. ; servitio exire, Virg. CAP roil. s. Qui capit, &c. I. Tiii' act of taking ; captura CApri'RE. s captio II. A thing taken ; prajda. Cell. ; c')tnprehensir>.
;
s

CAREFULNESS
CARFFULNESS.
II s.
I.
;

et attentissima cogitatio

Vigilance; attentio
vigilantia
; ;

;
;

acerrima
Cic.

sedulitas

CAPUCHIN, s. Capucinus. CAR. *. Currus, us, m., Cic.


i.

plaustrum, Cic.

carrus,

m., Caes.

carruca,

ae, f.,

Flin.

CARABINE or CARBINE. *. Sclopeti genus ad equitis tisum accommodatum. CARABINEER, s. Sclopetarius. I. (In architecture); helix, ids, f., Vitr. CARACOL. s. II. (In menage) equi in gyrum conversio. To CARACOL. v. a Equum drcumagere. Curt. CARAVAN. J. Peregre euntium, securitatis ergo, congreirata manus. Orient.ile diversorium. CARAVANSARY. CARAWAY or CARVVAY. s. Careum, ei, n., Plin. CARBONADO, s. Ofelia, Juv. To CARBONADO, v. a. Carbonibus urere, Ov., or tor;

providentia f_'-umspectio ; consideratio ; considerantia prudentia; ^iC. CARELESS, a. I. Without care or anxiety ; sine cura ; curis, OY omui molestia, vacuus, Cic. II. Negligent negligens, Cic. ; indiligens, Ter. ; incuriosus, Tac. CARELESSLY, ad. Negligenter ; indiligenter ; oscitanter perfunctorie ; Cic. CARELESSNESS, s. Negligentia ; officii indiligentia in praestando officio negligentia ; incuria ; indiligentia ;
;

Caution

provisio

.?.

coquere carbonibus, Plin. I. A precious stone ; s. carbunculus, II. A kind of swelling; carbunculus, Cels. ; anthrax, ^Emil. Macer. CARCASS, s. Putens cadaver. CARCELAGE. s. Carcerarium tributum. I. A piece of thick paper ; charta CARD. s. spissipr. II. A paper used in games ; charta, or scida, lusoria ; A pack of cards; foliorum lusorifolium lusorium. To play at cards ; chartis, scidis, or orum scaphus To shuffle the cards ; folia perpictis foliis, ludere. III. An instrument to comb wool; ferreus miscere. lana carminatur. pecten quo To CARD. v. a. i. e. To comb wool ; lanam carminare, Carded Varr The act of carding ; carminatio, Plin wool ; lana pectita, Col., or carpta, Cels. CARDER, s. Qui (quae) lanam carminat. CARDINAL a. Praedpuus. The college of cardinals ; CARDINAL, s. Cardinalis. purpurati, or causiati, patres ; ecclesiae principes. CARDINALATE or CARDINALSHIP. s. Cardinalatus. To be promoted to the cardinalship, or to be made a cardinal ; in sacrum cardinalium, or purpuratorum patrum, collegium cooptari, or adscribi. I. Concern, anxiety ; cura; angor; anxCARE. s. Domestic cares ; ietas ; sollicitudo ; cura anxia, Cic. To be oppressed domestii'aru'n aculei solliritudinum. or beset with cares ; sollicitudinibus exedi, Cic. ; mille II. Diligence; cura; diligentia; curis urgeri, Lucr. With care; accurate, Ter. accnratio; studium, Cic. To take care With great care; accuratissime, Cic (of a person) ; curae aliquem habere, Cic.; studiainaliquem conferre, Cic. ; pro aliquo curam gerere, Virg. (of a patient) ; curare alicujus morbum (of a thing) ; rem curare, euros habere, Sail. ; rem sibi curse habere ; ad rem curam conferre, or adhibere, Cic. (of one's health) ; valetudinem suam curare ; valetudini suae dare operam, indulgere, qr inservire ; adhibere curam in tuenda valctudine, Cic. (of one's interests) ; rebus suis
rere
;

CARBUNCLE,

i,

m., Plin.

CARGO, s. Navis onus A ship with her cargo on board ; exstructa navis mercibus, Mart. CARICATURE, s. Pictura quae exaggerando deridendum aliquem propinat. To CARICATURE, v. a. Aliquem deridendum propinare, Ter. praebere; in fabulas mittere, Quint Ludo seria vertere, Hor. CARIES or CARIOSITY, s. Vitiatorum ossium caries. CARIOUS, a. Cariosus. To CARK. v. n. Animo angi angoribus se dedere. CARLE, s. Homo ferus, humanitatis expers, ferox,
;

Aliquem blanditiis delinire, Cic. ; alicui blandiri, palpari, suppalpari, blande palpari, Piaut. CARESS, s. Blandimentum ; blanditias, arum, pi.

To

CARESS,

v. a.

belluinus.

CARMAN,

bare-footed Carmelite

CARMINE, s. Minium. CARNAGE, s. Strages caades internecio carnage ; stragem edere Ccedem facere.
; ; ;

Carri, or plaustri, ductor. Carmelitanus ; Carmelita,. aa, m. ; Carmelita excalceatus. CARMINATIVE, a. Quod ventos abigendi vim habet.
s.

CARMELITE,

s.

To make a
;

CARNAL,
luptarius

a.

Voluptatibus deditus

libidinosus

vo-

pleasure

To be carnal; libidini parere Carnal libidinosa voluptas. CARNALITY. 5. Corporeae voluptatis studium ; mollities ; sensus voluptarius. CARNALLY, ad. Libidinose ; humanae vitas delicias
;

consectando
dis deditus.

Carnally minded
s.
I.

humanae

vitae

commo-

CARNATION,
j

hortensis
Plin.

ocellus.

sort of flower ; caryophyllus II. Flesh colour ; carnis color.


s.

CARNELION or CORNELIAN,

Onyx

corneola

sarda,

CARNEOUS. a. Carnosus. CARNIVAL, s. Bacchanalia, um, pi., Plaut. Hilaria, Macr. To celebrate a carnival; Bacchanalia exercere ;
;
]

geniales dies exercere.

CARNIVOROUS, a. Carnivorus. CAROB-BEAN. s. Siliqua. CAROL. 5. Cantilena cantio. To CAROL, v, n. Cantare ; cantitare canere. To CAROUSE, v. n. Perpotare permultum, largius, intemperantius, Graco more, bibere, or potare largissime
; ; ; ;

se invitare, Suet.
I

CAROUSE
CARP.
s.

To studere ; commodis et utilitati suae consulere, Cic. with a take care that; curare ut ; ; operarn dare ut III. The object of care; in quem conjunctive, Cic. (quod) studia conferimus, &c. I. To be anxious about any thing; To CARE. v. n. rem curare, or curae habere ; de re laborare, Cic. ; see / care greatly for it; To take care, iq CAKE, s. antiquissimum id habeo, or mihi est, Cic. ; nihil antiquius habeo, or est mihi quam ut, with a conjunctive, Cic. / do not care for it ; haec res neglectui est mihi, Ter. ; hoc me minime sollicitat, Col. ; hujus rei nulla me cura tangit, Liv. ; id nihil moror, Plaut To care for nothing; Olnnia sus deque habere, Plaut.; nihil II. To be disposed for or to ; ad rem curare, Cic. delabi, propensum esse, or inclinare, Cic. ; propendere in aliquem inclinatione voluntatis, Cic. ; erga alterum impensa esse voluntate.

To CARP
aliquem in
;

or CAROUSAL, s. Larga compotatio. A fish ; cyprinus, i, m., Plir. AT. v. n. Carpere, Cic. ; rem in aliquo, or
re,

reprehendere, Cic.

facta reprehendere,

or obtrectare, Tac. N.B. Carpit omnes dente maledico omnibus censoriae severitatis nomen inurit, Cic. CARPENTER, .y. Lignarius ; lignarius faber, Cic. ; Liv. ; materiarius, Plaut. CARPENTRY, s. Materiaria fabrica, Plin. ; materiatura, Vitr. ; ars materiaria, Vitr. CARPER, s, Morosus, or malevolus, reprehensor, or

censor

obtrectator, Cic.

To CAREEN, v. a. Navem reficere, Caes. ; laceratum The navigium, or quassam navem, reficere, Curt. ; Hor act of careening ; navis refectoratio, Sail., or refectio,
Col.

A Turkey carpet ; tapes opere CARPET, s. Tapes Turcico To bring a business upon the carpet ; quassde re sermonem inferre, or instituere, tionem ponere Cic. To be upon the carpet ; agitari sermonibus, The question is Liv. in sermonem hominum venire. To bring upon the carpet ; quaestio in manibus est. again upon the carpet ; rursus rem exagitare ; materiaru
; ;

retractare, Quint.

CARPING, a. CARRIAGE.*.
Cic.
;

Censorius
I.

maledicus.

The act of carrying ; vectiojvectura,

CAREER, s. Curriculum, Cic. ; cursus, us, m., Virg. To finish one's career, end one's life ; vitae cursum A An open carriage; carpentum. peragere, Virg., or finem implere, Plin. ; vitam, or vitas us; carruca. III. Reward (with honour); recte et close carriage ; pilentum ; see COACH. spatium, decurrere, Propert. honeste vivendi curriculum conficere. for carrying ; vehes, is ; vehis, is, Plin. ; vecturas CAREFUL, a. IV. (Of 'a cannon) ; I. Attentive; rei, or ad rem, attentus, ; pretium pro rei vectura. or intentus V. Personal To be careful ; rei attentum se praebere ; Eetium jneus bellici tormenti apparatus. ad rem animum intendere ; or mentem admovere ; men- manners ; corporis habitus ; incessus ; ingressus ; hatem in aliquid intentam et infixam habere. II. Heedbitus it may sometimes be rendered by vultus, fades, os. CARRIER, s. Qui vellaturam, or vecturam, facit lator. ful, iratchjnl ; providus ; providens ; consideratus et A wafer-carrier; aquarius. A letter-carrier s tabelIII. Anxious; anxius, sollicitus. prudens ; cautus. CAREFULLY, ad. Accurate ; diligenter ; studiose ; se- larius, Cic. ; literarum lator, Sen. dulo ; attente attonto animo ; acri et intento animo. CARRION, s. Putens bestia; cadaver. To listen carefully ; aliquem attente, or attentissimo CARROT, s. Pastinaca hortensis, or sativa. animo, audire alicui attentum se auditorem, or aures CARROTINESS. 5. Rufus color. CARPOTY. a. Rufus. Somewhat carroty i rufulus ; attentas, praebere ; aures erigcre et attendere animum, Cic. subrufus. 45
: _
:

portatio, Sail. ; evectus ; evectio ; invectus ; advectio. II. A vehicle (for goods and persons); carrus; plaustrum : (for persons c.nly) ; cisium ; rheda ; currus,

CARRY
To CARRY,
de vehere
;

CASING
;

v. a.
;

I.

To convey
:

vehere

; ;

deportare

ferre
;

(in a cart, &c.)

portarc vectare
;

; ;

conveotare ; advectare. hurneris sustinere, Cic. carry an infant in one's


III.

II.

To bear (a burden)

onus

To bajulare sarcinas, Phaedr arms ; infantem tenere manibus.

To have about one ; gerere To carry money about one ; gravem nummis crumenam ferre. IV. To To carry the cause ; jugain ; obtinere ; consequi. dicio vincere; causam obtinere, Cic., vincere, Ov. We have carried the cause ; nostra omnis lis est, Plaut. To carry the bell; palmam ferre, Cic. premium To carry the referre, Lucr. ; palmam adipisci, Plin.
.

exuere. CASSIA,

Tegmen ; tegumen opertrrium ; teguinvolucrum ; iutc guinea tuin. ; operimentum CASK. s. Cadus, i, m. CASKET, s. Arcula, Cic. ; capsa, Plin. ; capsula, C'atull. CASQUE. *. Cassis, idis.f. ;galea, Caes. ; Cic Caiquedj To put on a casque ; galeam induere, Caes. ; galeatus casside caput abdere, Ov To take off' a casque ; g ileam
s.
,

CASING,

mcntum

s. *.

Cassia cathartica.

CASSOCK.
brevior

To

in suum locum referre. 4. To carry ; referre ; rem demittere ; rem e loco edito in inferiorem demittere. 5. To carry forth or out ; efferre ; exportare ; rem e loco promere, or depromere ; extrahere ; elicere. 6. To

day, carry one's point ; victoriam referre, or adipisci, V. 1. To Caes., consequi, or ab hoste reportare, Cic. carry away ; rem e loco asportare ; exportare ; auferre 2. all one To abstrahere. ; omnia before (by force) ; carry sibi substernere, Cic. 3. To carry back ; reducere ; re:

Tunica talaris. A short cassock ; tunica Wearing a cassock ; tunicatus. CAST. v. a. I. To throw; jacere; conjicere. To hurl (a weapon) ; telum in aliquem jacere, con-

jicere,

To cast immittere, vibrare, or intorquere one's setf at one's feet ; ad pedes se abjicere, se sterII. To nere, procumbere, Cic., se projicere, Caes. compute, reckon ; rationes subducere, or inire ; see To

vehere

down ; rem

carry out, i.e.


protrudere, Cic.
ferre.

to

advance ; rem promovere, provehere, 7. To carry in or into , inferre ; intro;


:

auferre (by death) ; see 8. To carry off',- tollere KILL. 9. To carry on, i.e. to prosecute, promote ; exorsa instituta pertexere, Cic persequi pergere ; To carry on war ; bellum gerere. 10. To carry over ; transferre ; transvehere. 11. To carry to transportare and fro ; circumferre ; circumgestare. 12. To carry 13. To carry through ; sustinere ; defendere ; tueri. letters ; literas deferre, perferre, or deportare, Plaut. ; Cic. ; Caes. 14. To carry arms ; militari ; militiam profited, Cic., or colere, Ov. Of age to carry arms; militias maturus, Cic To carry arms under a general; militare in ducis exercitu ; sub aliquo mereri stipendia, or stipendium facere ; or, apud aliquem mereri, Cic. To carry arms against one ; arma contra aliquem ferre. .15. To carry it high ; magnifice, or altius, se efferre. 16. To carry coals to Neiv castle ; in mare fundere aquas, Ov. Alcinoo poma dare. To CARRY ONE'S SELF. v. n. Agere ; se gerere ; se

To

prDDbere.

CART.

s.

Carrus,

i,

m.

plaustrum

set the cart before the horse ;

To currus, us. praspostere agere, Cic. ;


; ;

primis ultima praeponere, Hor. To CART. v. a. Carro vehere


tare.

plaustro

expor-

aestimare ; expendere atque aestimare ; Cic. V 1. To lay aside ; mutationem (vestis, &c.) facere. VI I. I To cast away; projicere; fundere. 2. To cast down i deficere; fig., aliquem spe, or opinione dejicere, Cic. 3. To cast forth ; see To EMIT. 4. To cast in one's teeth ; rem alicui objicere, opponere To cast into sleep ; soLiv. ; consopire, Cic. ; soporare ; somnum alicui pire, To cast into prison; in vincula conjicere. inferre, Plin 5. To cast off; see To DISCARD, REJECT To cast off To cast a skin, clothes; vestes ponere, or deponere. &c. ; annua vernatione defungi ; defluvium pati ; see To SHED To cast off" the dogs (in hunting) ; canes emittere, Cic. 6. To cast out ; ejicere ; ejicere foras ; ejicere aliquem foras aedibus, Plaut. ; pellere ; depellere ; ex. To cast out of the senate ; de sepellere ; extrudere natu movere. 7. To cast up. ' To raise ; see To RAISE. 2 To 3 To vomit compute, reckon ; see above, II. ; see To VOMIT To cast one's nativity ; exdienatali prsedicere quo quis fato natus sit, Cic. CAST. s. Jactus, us, A stone's cast; ad jactum A cast at dice ; tesserae jactus Cast of the lapidis To eye ; oculorum coujectus ; intuitus ; contuitus. have a cast in one's eye; esse distortis, or perversis, The cast of a oculis, Cic. ; oculos distorquere, Hor net; jactus They are of the same cast ; sunt ejusdem farinae ; ex eadem officina exierunt ; Cic.

III. To condemn; damnare ; COMPUTE, RECKON. condemnare ; petitorem actione sua submovere. IV. To found; metalla liquare, or liquefacere ex aere imaV. To consider; perpendere ; popdeginem fundere.
;

rare

Potestas rei gerendae ad arbitrium. You have carte-blanche : tua est optio, Plaut. ; tota hujus rei potestas tua est, Cic. CARTEL, s. I. A challenge ; scripta ad singulare certamen provocatio. II. Compact for exchange of prisoners ; captivis redimendis pactio. CARTER, s. Carri, or plaustri, ductor.
s.

CARTE-BLANCHE,

CASTANETS,

s.
s.

CASTAWAY,
nequissimus.

Crumata, or crusmata, um, pi., Mart. ^term's supplier's addictus ; or, homo

CASTER, s. thrower; qui jacit calculator ; qui calculos subducit, &c. brass wheel under a post, $c. ; rotula.

LA

&c.
III.
;

II.

A
;

small

To

CASTIGATE,

v. a.

I.

To

chastise

castigare

CART-HORSE, s. Jumentum. CARTHUSIAN, s. Carthusianus ; Carthusiensis The Carthusian monastery ; Carthusianorum monasterium. CARTILAGE, s. Cartilago, Cels. CARTILAGINOUS, a. Cartilaginosus, Plin. CARTOUCH or CARTRIDGE, s. Pulveris sulphurei modus ad emissionem tormenti accommodatus. CART-LOAD, s. Vehes, or vehis, is, Plin. CART-RUT, s. Orbita, as, f., Cic. ; rotas vestigium. CART-WRIGHT, s. Plaustrorum, or curruum, faber. To CARVE, v. a. I. To grave; caslare; scuipere ; That may be carved; exsculpere ; insculpere ; incidere I T. To cut meat at table j carpere ; resecare ; sculptiiis.
discerpere
;

pcena mulctare, or afBcere ; in aliquem animadvertere j II. To amend or polish a pcenas, ab aliquo repetere. writing ; opus emendare, or perpolire, Cic. : opus limare,
I. The act of punishing; castianimadversio ; Deserving castigation ; castigaPlaut. ; animadvert endus, Ter. II. Emendation; correctio ; emendatio ; Cic. CASTING-HOUSE, s. Fundendi metalli officina.

Ov. CASTIGATION. s.

gatio
bilis,

CASTING-NET, CASTLE, s.

s.
I.

Funda.

trum

distribuere.
s,
I.

CARVER,

One
Sen.

A graver ;

caelator; sculptor.

II.

II. A splendid mansion; aedes To build castles in the air ; somnia amplae et magnifies sibi fingere, Virg. ; in aere piscari, Plaut. ; spem pascere

4 little castle;

house of defence ; castellum ; cascastellum Of or belonging to a

castle; castellanus.

tvho cuts
;

meat

carptor, Juv.
s.

at table ; scindendi obsonii magister, ; (scissor, Petr.).


;

CARVING,
latura.

II.

The art of carving ; sculptura Figures carved ; opus sculptile.


I.

cae-

I. A beaver; castor; fiber s. Of or beII. A hat ; longing to a castor ; castoreus ; fibrinus. petasus e fibrinis, or castorsis pilis, contextus, or confec-

inanem. CASTOR,

CARUNCLE, s. Caruncula, Cels. CASCADE, s. Prseceps aquae lapsus ; ex alto desiliens aqua, Plin. Ep. CASE. s. I.. A sheath; theca ; vagina. II. A case of conscience ; quasstio Thing, matter ; res. To resolve quae circa conscientias leges versatur. a case of conscience ; quaestionem ad conscientiam pertinentem solvere. III. Contingence; casus, us, Cic. ; eventus, us, Plin. If the case should occur ; si casus
In that case ; id si contigerit, evenerit, or accident in tali re In case of death ; si quid humanitus acciderit. Suppose the case -to be so or so; ita or IV. fac, esse, or rem ita se habere. ponamus, Of the inflection of nouns; casus, us, Sen, To CASE. v. a- Tegere ; contegere ; cooperire. CASEMATE, s. (In fortification) ; ima crypta ad latera propugnaculorum CASEMENT, s. Fenestella ; transenna ; fenestra. CASH. s. Prassens pecunia. A cash-box; capsa; area theca nummaria. CASH-KEEPER or CASHIER, s. Rei, or arcac, nummariae
incident, Cic.
;
.

tus.

CASTRAMETATION. s. Castrametatio, Bud. To CASTRATE, v. a. (An animal); castrare:


evirare
;

mals) chus.

(a man); alicui virilitatem adimere Castrated ; (of anicastratus ; excisus ; exsectus : (of men) ; eunu'

CASUAL, a. Fortuitus in casu positus. CASUALLY, ad. Fortuito ; aliquo casu et fortuna
;

casu

fortuito

forte fortuna.
*.

Casus, or eventus, fortuitus. CASUIST, s. Thoologus qui quaestiones solvit ad conscientiam pertinentes-

CASUALTY.
CAT.

s.

Felis,

is, f.,

Plaut.

feles, is,

f.,

Plin.

A pole-

cat; domestica martes, Mart. ; mustela major, Plin A civet cat ; zibetta, oa, f. Cat o' nine tails ; flagellum ; To flog with a cat o' nine tails ; flagello csescutica dere, CATACOMBS, s. pi. Catacumbae, arum.

CATALOGUE,
Plaut.
\

s.

Index
;

recensio

Cic.

catalogus,

album, Liv.

Suet.

prsepositus

To
;

mensarius, Cic. CASHIER, v. a. Aliquem de loco deraovere


;

dimit-

Ssre

loco movere.

CATAPLASM, s. Cataplasma, atis, n., Plin. CATAPULT. s. Catapulta, as, f. I. A fall of water ; cataracta, ee, CATARACT, s. Vitr. ; cataractes ; aquae dejectus, us ; pracceps aqu*

46

CATARRH
'

CAVE
A troop of cavalry; equiequestres copiae, Cic. tum turma, or acies A general of cavalry ; equitum To flank with cavalry ; equites locare pro magister cornibus. Convenient for cavalry- equitabilis (plaLiv.
;

lapsus. Plin.

II.

A
a.

suffusion of the eye; oculi suffusio,


;

CATARRH, s. CATARRHAL.

Epiphora, ae, Cic. distillatio. Epiphoris obnoxius ; qui epiphoram

I. Unhappy issue of any thing; exitus miserabilis, Quint. ; exitus II. Final event of a dramatic piece ; casaevus, Juv. tastrophe, es, f. ; tragicus fabulae exitus. CAT-CALL, s, Sibilum. I. To lay hold with the hand; preTo CATCH, v, a. hendere ; apprehencfere ; comprehendere, with or without II. To receive suddenly; capere. manu; capere. To catch To catch a disease; morbum contrahere, Plin To catch cold ; gravea fever ; febrera nancisci, Suet. That has caught cold; gravedine dinem contrahere. To catch fire ; ignem concipere, affectus, or tentatus To catch the sense of a Cic., comprehendere, Caes passage ; loci sensum legitimum assequi ; mentem aucTo catch a likeness ; oris ductus et toris capere; Cic III. vultus habitus ad veritatem propius adducere. To ensnare ; dolis decipere ; in transennam inducere ; IV. To come Plaut. ; aliquem circumvenire, Cic.

adjunctam habet. CATASTROPHE, s.


exitus tristis, Cic.

nities).

CAVE.

laeum, Virg.

CAVERNED.

Specus, Hor. ; spelunca, Cic. ; antrum, spe; cavea ; caveina. a. Cavernosus ; speluncosus. CAVESSON. s. Lupatum, Virg. ; lupus, OT.
s.

carillatio
latio.

CAVIAR, s. Condita sale acipenseris ova. To CAVIL, v. a. Cavillari ; altercari. Cavilling ; dialecticae captiones. ; disputationum laquei CAVIL, s. Captiuncula ; sophisma, atis, n. ; cavil;

CAVILLING, a.

CAVILUNGLY.
CAVITY,
s.

Captiosus
ad.

sophisticus.

A small Caverna, Cic. ; locus cavus Full of cavities ; cavernosus cavity; cavernula The cavity (or socket) of the eyes ; oculorum recessus, Plin. The cavity made by a wound ; ulceris sinus, Cels. CAUL. s. I. A covering for the head; reticulum II. The integument crinale, or muliebre ; calantica of the bowels ; omentum intestinorum involucrum. CAUSE, s. I. That which effects any thing; causa; upon unexpectedly ; nee opinantem, inopinantem, impruA material cause ; materia, Cic. cientem, improviso, de improviso, occupare, or oppri- origo ; initium fons To catch a A formal cause ; forma, Sen. A final cause ; finis, inere, Cic.; imparatura offendere, Nep aliTo catch in the Cic. Plaut. You are the cause of this act; propositum, Sen il.icf; furem excipere, quem in manifesto scelere, or facinus alicujus, deprehen- disorder; ortum ex te est, Ter. injuria tua factum est ; V. To charm; demulcere; permulcere ; hujus rei culpa in te residet, Cic. II. Reason, modere, Cic. VI. To catch at; conari ; niti ; tive ; causa ; ratio. This is the cause of; id causae illicere; pellicere. with an infinitive, or ut and the conjunctive elaborare est cur, with a conjunctive For what cause does nervos industrial suae in re con- he strike htm f quid causae est cur eum percutiat ? qua ut, with a conjunctive You may learn from him the tcndere ; totis viribus, or nervis omnibus, contendere de causa ilium percutit ? cause of my affliction ; cognosces ex illo quid sit quamad eniti et contendere ut, with a conjunctive ; quaerere obrem doleam, Cic. For what cause ? cur ? quamrem, or ad rem, anniti ; rem appetere. II. Prize obrem ? quo nomine ? For that cause ; ergo ; idcirco ; I. Seizure; comprehensio. CATCH, s. III. Any thing that Catches or ideo; propterea With good cause; justa de causa or booty ;. praeda. IV. A kind of Without cause; sine causa; immerito ; injuria. holds; quod capit, prehendit, &c. a ferrea III. catch cantilena. V. The To undertake oj latch; Subject of song; litigation; causa; lis a cause ; ad causam accedere ; causam suscipere The catch of a door; obex. To ansa, Vitr. l.bula, Caes. To be or lie upon the catch ; in insidiis esse ; insidiari ; have a good cause ; tequum et bonum in causa habere To have a bad cause ; causa laborare To plead a captare. CATCHING, a. Pestilens ; pestifer ; Cic. contagiosus, cause ; causam agere, or dicere To plead one's own A catching distemper ; lues, Cic. ; mala contagia, cause ; causam suam per se, or pro se ipso, agere de re Cels. sua dicere non adhibito patrono To gain a cause ; jupi., Virg. dicio vincere CATCHPOLE. s. causam obtinere, Cic., vincere, Ov To Apparitor accensus, i, m. ; lictor. To CATECHISE, v. a. Aliquem elementis doctrines lose a cause; causam, or litem, perdere, amittere ; in juIV. Side, party; partes, ium, Christianae erudire ; prima fidei Christianas dogmata alicui dicio superari, Cic. tradere. V. Occasion; causa; locus. To pi.; factio, Cic. I. CATECHISM, s. Catechetical instruction ; cate- give cause of suspicion ; suspicion! locum dare / have no cause to complain of you ; non est mihi causa cur de chesis,is, f. ; fidei Christianas elementorum expositio. te conquerar ; non est cur de te querar. II. A book or form of catechetical instruction ; catechisTo CAUSE, v. a. Creare ; efficere producere rei mus ; libellus in quo exponuntur fidei Christianae capita. causam esse, parere, Cic To cause trouble or misforCATECHIST. s. Qui fidei Christianae elementa tradit. CATECHUMEN, s. Catechumenus Christiana; fidei ; or, tune ; alicui aerumnas creare, Plaut. alicui mala imTo cause death, weariness, pleasure ; portare, Cic. baptismi candidatus. I. Inform; categoricus. II. To cause CATEGORICAL, a. mortem, fastidium, delectationem, afferre.Cic To the purpose ; congruens. vomiting ; vomitus facere, or movere. CAUSELESS, a. CAUSELESSLY, ad. Sine causa; inCATEGORICALLY, ad. Praecise ; non ambigue. CATEGORY, s. Categoria. Of the same category j juria immerito. CAUSEWAY, s. Moles, Cic. agger, Caes. ; via strata. ejusdem ordinis. To CATER, v. a. Rei frumentariae, or rem frumen- Liv. ; viarum strata, Virg. ; pavimentum, Juv. CAUSTIC, a. I. Corrosive ; causticus, Plin. ; tariam, providere, Caes. adurens, II. Satirical; mordax. CATERER, s. Annonae, or penus, curator ; obsonator. Cels. CAUTELOUS. a. See CAUTIOUS, CUNNING. CATERPILLAR, s. Eruca, ae, f. ; campe, es, f. Col. CAUTERIZATION, s. Caustica adustio. To clear a tree of caterpillars ; arborcm erucis purgare. To CAUTERIZE, v. a. Alicui caustico lapide, or cauCATERWAUL, s. Felium strepitus, fremitus, or eju; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; : ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

Captiose.

latus.

terio,
s. pl.

CVTES.
Cell.

Cupedia, orum, Plaut.

cupediae,

arum,

plagam inurere. CAUTERY, s. (Actual)-, cauterium:


CAUTION,
s.
I.

(potential); caus-

ticus lapis.

CATGUT, s. Intestinum. CATHARTIC, a. Catharticus, Cels. ; purgans, Ov. ; quod ad purgandum pollet, or valet, Cic. CATHEDRAL, s. Ecclesia cathedralis templum in quo
;

e.'t

scdes episcopi.
s.

CATHETER, CATHOLIC, CATHOLIC,

(With surgeons)

specillum

fistula.

a.
s.

Catholicus ; universalis. Qui fidem catholicam profitetur

A
;

Poman
pi sta.

Catholic ;

pseudocatholicus
;

pontificius

Pa-

CATLING, s. (With surgeons) scalpellum. CATOPTRICS, s. Catoptrica, re, f. CATTLE, s. (Great); pecus, udis, f.; majus, or armentitium,pecus,Varr. (Small); pecus, oris, n. A flock Rich A herd of cattle ; armentum of cattle ; grex.
in cattle; dives pecoris, Virg., or pecore, Ilor. ; pecore A abundans, Virg. ; cui est pecuaria res ampla, Cic A keeping of cattle ; pepasture for cattle; pecuaria. cuaria. A keeper of cattle ; pecuarius. To keep cattle; pecuarkim facere Black, or horned, cattle; pecus cor-

Prudence, foresight ; circumspectio ; consideratio ; considerantia ; prudentia ; providentia ; With caution.; provide ; caute ; providenter. provisio Without caution ; improvide imprudenter. II. SeIII. Warncurity ; cautio; satisdatio see SECURITY. To ing; monitioj admonitio; monitus, us; monitum give caution ; monere atque hortari ; see ADMONITION. To CAUTION AGAINST, v. a. Aliquem de re, or rem, To monere, Cic., rei admonere, or commonere, Plin caution beforehand ; praemonere / caution you not to go thither ; moneo te ne illuc eas.
; ;

CAUTIONARY,
CAUTIOUS,
videns.
a.

a.

Pro pignore.
;

Cautus

consideratus
;

providus

pro-

CAUTIOUSLY, ad. Considerate prudenter. CAUTIOUSNESS, s. See CAUTION.

To CAW.

v. n.

Bigerum CAVALCADE,
.

s.

Solemnis et ad

pompam

instituta

equitatio.

CAVALIER, s. Eques, ids, m. CAVALIERLY, ail. i.e. Haughtily; arroganter, Liv. T<> treat one cavalierly ; alicui superbe illudere, Ter.

To CEASE, v. a. Rei finem imponere, or afl'erre. Cease your complaints ; mitte, or siste, querelas. To CEASE, v. n. Dcsistere, with an ablative ; desinere, with an infinitive ; finem facere, with a gerund in di. The storm ceases; desinit imber The wind ceases; venti posuere. CEASELESS, a. Continuus ; perpctuus ; assiduus. CEDAR, s. Cedrus, i, f. Of cedar; cedrinus.
Cellar oil
;

Crocire, Plaut.

crocitare, Plin.

cedri
v. a.

CAVALRY,

s.

Equitatus. us, Caes.

equites,

um,

pi.,

To

CEDE.

oleum ; cedrclaeon, Plin. (A thing) ; alicui rem, or

re, cedere,

47

CEIL
Caes. Cic.

CERTAIN
;

(A

place); locum, or loco, cedere

locum dare,

To
nare.

CEIL. v.a.
Ceiled
;

Lacunare
laqueatus.

laqueari, or lacunari, or;

CEILING,

To

s. Lacunar, Cic. laquear, Plin. CELEBRATE, v. a I. To praise, commend; ce;

laude afficere laudibus II. To ornare; laudem alicui tribuere, or Impertire. solemnize ; diem festum celebrare, or agitare, Cic.
; ; ; ; ;

lebrare

laudare

Too formal compliment ; officiosa urbanitas eoimtas. much ceremony ; nimis exquisita urbanitas You make Let us lay aside cereceremony ; delicias facis, Plaut mony, without ceremony; mittamus istas urbanitatia affectatae moras ; nulla comitatis affectatione, Curt. CERTAIN, a. I. Sure; certus compertus ; explo; ;

oollaudare

fest'a colere,

Ov

rem divinam
celebrare.

facere

To celebrate divine service ; operari To celebrate a marriage ; nuptias

ratus minime dubius, Cic. know for certain ; certum, pro rem explpratam habere, Cic.
; ;

To indubitatus, Plin. certo, habere, or tenere ;


II.
;

_
;

certain; id certo comperi, Ter. est, Sail. ; hoc certo scio ; hoc
;

/ am Undoubtmg de eo mihi compertum compertum habeo ex-

CELEBRATED, a. Celebrated Celeber, or Celebris for the number of his exploits ; multitudine rerum gesta-

rum

memoria

uomen

Celebrated in history ; literis et nobilitatus, Cic. To be celebrated ; magnum celebratus, Cic

habere.

CELEBRATION. 5. Celebratip, Cic Celebration of a marriage ; nuptiarum solemnia, Tac. CELEBRITY, s. Sermonis hominum celebritas, Cic To attain celebrity ; clarum et magnum nomen adipisci,
Cic., sibi facere,

CELERITY
CELESTIAL,
II.

s.

Ov. ; inclarescere. Plin. Festinatio ; velocitas ; celeritas


I.

ploratum est mihi de hac re hoc exploratum habeo, Cic. / am not certain ; nplim pro certo affirmare ; hoc non III. plane scio, Ter.; id mihi non satis constat, Liv. IV. Fixed, determined; certus; status; constitutes. Some; quidam, quaedam, quoddam ; aliquis. Some certain member ; ahquid quodpiam membrum. Cic. CERTAINLY, ad. I. certe ; haud Indubitably; dubie sine dubio dubid procul. Yes certainly; ita II. Infallibly; certe. sane, Ter. CERTAINNESS or CERTAINTY, s. Explorata rei notitia With certainty j certo ; liquido ; explorate,
;

Cic.

Cic.

rapiditas, Caes.
s.

CERTIFICATE,

s.

Scripta testificatio

icriptum
;

testi-

Heavenly;

ccelestis

superus.

monium.
CERTIFY, v. a. Affirmare (In writing) testari testimonium rei per tabulas dare.
;

Excellent ; eximius. CELIBACY or CELIBATE, s. Vita ccelebs That lives in celibacy ; ccelebs; connubii expers. CELL. s. Cella; cellula. (Of a beehive) ; alveus. CELLAR, s. Cella A wine-cellar; vinaria cella. CELLARIST. s. Cellarius, Plaut.

To

scripto

CERULEAN, a. Caeruleus. CERUMEN, s. Cerumen, inis, n. CERUSE, s. Cerussa ; psimmythium,


thus, Vitr. CESS. s. 1. A levy vendae indicatio ; Plin.
}

Plin.

psimy-

CELLULAR, a. Cellulis distinctus. CEMENT, s. Arenatum, Vitr. ; intrita, ae, f., Plin. To CEMENT, v. a. Calce et arena structuram connectere, Vitr Fig., i. e. To unite, strengthen; firmare; vincire ; astringere To cement a peace ; pacem coagTo cement a union; mentare, Cic. conformare, Caes
;

cuilibet capiti pecuniae solII. The act of making a levy ;

tributi in capita descriptio.

To

CESS.

v. a.
s.

Tributum

in capita,

or in familias,

describere.

conglutinare concordiam, Cic. CEMETERY, s. Commune sepulcrum, Hor. ; sepulcretum, Catull. ; (ccemeterium, in ecclesiastical writers).

CENSER.
Ulp.).

*.

Thuribulum
s.

CENOTAPH,

acerra. ; Inanis tumulus, Virg.

(cenotaphium,

CENSOR, s. Censor ; criticus ; Cic. ; Aristarchus, Hor. ; animadversor acer, Cic. CENSORIOUS, a. Censorius ; mordax morosus ; male;

volus

qui censoris

animum

habet.

CENSORIOUSLY, ud. Acriter, ut censor severus. CENSOIUOUSNESS. s. Morositas ; malevolentia. CENSURABLE, a. Reprehendendus ; reprehensione, or
censura, dignus.

Intermissio ; intercapedo, Cic. ; inA cessation of arms ; induciae, arum ; termissus, Plin ab armis intermissio, Cic. ; pactitia armorum cessatio, Cell Without cessation ; sine ulla intermissioiie, Cic. ; sine intermissu, Plin. CESSION, s. Cessio To make cession of one's right ; alicui jure, or de jure, suo cedere (Of one's goods) ; cedere foro, Cic., bonis, Quint. CETACEOUS, a. Cetaceus. I. To make hot ; calefacere ; calTo CHAFE, v. a. Cic. ; concalfacere ; excalfafacere ; concalefacere ; II. To make angry; alicui bilem comcere; Plin.

CESSATION,

movere, Cic.
Plaut.

alicui
i.
;

stomachum movere
To rage,
calescere
;

irritare

To CHAFE,
cere
;

v. n.

e.

to

fret; concalesPlin.
;

CENSURE,

s.

Reprehensio
v. a.

censoria notatio, Cic.;


in

calefieri,

Cic.

incalescere,

censura, Juv incurrere, Cic.

To incur censure;

reprehensionem
aliquem
;

To CENSURE,
reprehendere
riae
;

Rem
;

stomacho effervescere ; stomachari, Cic. Scarabaeus. CHAFER, s. Cockchafer;


stridulus, Plin.

scarabaeus

in aliquo, or

in re,

carpere

alicujus facta carpere

censo-

notam inurere. CENSURER. s. Qui


CENT.
s.

carpit, &c.

CHAFF, s. Palea ; acus, eris, n. To CHAFFER, v a. Sordide mercari. Cortina ; ahenum ; Ov. CHAFFERN. s.
.

caldarum,

Centum
s.

One, two, three, four, five per

Vitr.

cent

centesimae, binae, ternac, quaterna?, quinaB.


to
s.

CENTAUR,
or belonging
cus, Stat.

Centaurus ; hippocentaurus, Cic. Of a centaur ; centaureus, Hor. ; centauri;

CHAFFINCH, s. Frigilla, or fringilla, Mart. CHAFING-DISH, s. Foculus. CHAGRIN, s. Animi aegritudo mceror; cura ; solmolestia ; morositas ; tetricitas licitudo To yield
; ;

Centaurium centauria. (The greater) centaurium majus (The lesser) ; centaurium minus

CENTAURY.
;

;
;

to

fel terras

libadium, Plin.
a.
s.

chagrin ; se macerare, or cruciare, Ter. ; se aegrituin aegritudinem incidere. dini dedere ; angi animo To CHAGRIN, v. a. Alicui mcerorem, molestiam, or
;

CENTENARY, centum annis. CENTENARY,

Centenarius

centum

annorum

sollicitudinem, afferre

Centum

centeni.

CENTESIMAL, a. Centesimus. CENTO, s. Cento, Cic. CENTRAL, a. Centralis, Plin. CENTRE, s. Centrum; sinus; medium; umbilicus. The centre of an army ; media acies. To CENTRE, v. n. In unum locum convenire ; in lo-

N.B. Centricum coire, concurrere, confluere Cic. fugal and centripetal force (in technical language) ; vis
;

A little chain; catenula; caA link of a chain; catenae ; catena, Hor A chain, or chains, for criminals ; annulus, or circulus A chain for orcatena ; vincula, pi. ; compedes, pi. nament ; (aureus) torques; (aurea) catena. Fig., A chain i. e. A bond, bonds; vincula, pi.; nexus. montes continui, or perpetui, Hor. ; of mountains ; juga continentia, Liv. ; perpetuum mentis jugum, Curt. Chains, i. e. slavery ; servitus ; servitium ; servile
tellus, Liv.

Chagrined; morosus; CHAIN, s. Catena

alicui sollicitudines conficere difficilis ; tetricus.

jugum, Cic. I. To put chains on; alicui cateCENTUPLE, s. Centies tantum centuplicate, Plin. To CHAIN, v.a. To CENTUPLICATE, v. a. Centuplicare. nas indere, Plaut., injicere, Liv. ; aliquem catenis vinII. To CENTURION, s. Centurio The office of a centurion ; cire, Ov. Chained; catenis constrictus. centuriatus, Cic. ; centurionatus, Tac. join, unite; res inter se, or rem cum alia, copulare, II. The I. A hundred; centum. CENTURY, s. jungere, or conjungere rem rei connectere. A little III. A division of A moveable seat; sella I. CHAIR, s. space of a hundred years ; seculum.
centrifuga, centripeta.
; ;

the Roman people ; centuria By centuries ; centuriaTo divide into centuries ; centuriare ; or, tim, Cic. centuriatim describere Cic. CEPHALIC, a. Capiti utilis, Cic. CERATE, s. Ceratum, Cels.
;

chair

sellula.

chair of

state ;
;

sella

curulis.

To

CERE.

v. a.
;

incerare, Juv.

Cera circumlinire, Cic., illinire, Ov. cerare, Col.

I. External rite ; status solemnisCEREMONIAL, s. II. A book of ceremonies ; ritualis liber. que ritus. CEREMONIOUS, a. In bfficiis nimius ; in comitatem

effusior

justo officibsior.
s.
I.

CEREMONY,

moniae, arum, pi., Cic. 48

Rite ; sacer ritus, Virg. ; caereII. Formality, ; solemnis ritus.

II. One I. A president; s. prases. carries in a chair ; lecticarius. Full of Creta. s. Of chalk; cretaceus. Marked with chalk ; cretatus. chalk ; cretosus. I. To mark with chalk; creta To CHALK, v. a. II. To chalk out, i. e. 1. To mark out ; designotare. nare ; indicare. 2. To trace ; delinearo ; lineis designare.

To be carsedan chair; sella gestatpria lectica. in a chair; sella vehi, Sen.; sella gestatoria II. A deferri, Suet. ; sellae gestamine pervehi, Tac. III. A pulpit j professor's seat ; cathedra ; pulpitum. suggestum ; suggestus.

rid

CHAIRMAN,

who

CHALK,

CHALKY
CHALKY,
cnalk
;

CHANGEABLE
II.

a. cretosus.

I-

OJchalk; cretaceus.

Full of

I. To claim as one's own; To CHALLENGE, v. a. rem ut suaai sibi vindicare, or repetere sibi assumere
;

II. To call to a contest; provocare; ad sibi ascisci. pugnam, or ad singulare certamen, provocare. I. A demand ; petitio CHALLENGE, j. postulatio ; II. Summons to combat; provocatio. postulatum.
;

fortunae volubilitas ; rerum vices A great change toon place in the state of ajffairs and of men's minds ; inagna lacta est commutatio rerum et animorum, Caes. ; magna facta est conversio rerum et inclinatio aiiimorum, Cic. II. Variety ; varietas, Cic. ; diversitas, Plin. III. Revolution in the state ; res novas ; reipublica? motus. IV. Place where merchants meet for trade; forurn

(In writing)

A dining-chamber ; ccDnatio, cella. ccenaculum, Varr. ; diaeta, Plin. ; triclinium, A bedchamber ; conclave ; cubiculum, Cic. ; dorA chambermaid; ancilla, or mimitorium, Plin. Valet de chambre ; cubicularius. nistra, cubicularia. Varr. ; matellio, Chamber-pot ; matula ; matella, Plaut. Of or belonging to a chamCic.; scaphium, Divided ber; cubicularis, Cic. ; cubicularius, Mart cubiculatus To shut one's into fever al chambers; To self up in his chamber ; in cellam se concludere To be confined to one 's, chamber ; dpmi se continere

CHAMBER, little chamber ;


;

scripta ad singulare certamen provocatio. s, Conclavium, Plaut. ; conclave, Cic.

argentarium. or commutatio.

V. (Of money); pecuniar permutatio,

Col. Cic.

a. Mutabilis ; varius. Fortune is changeable ; varfa vplubilisque fortuna est ; varietas est How changeable is life ! quam pvopria fortunae ; Cic est varia vita? commutabilisque ratio He is of a changeable disposition ; mobili est animo, Cic. CHANGEABLENESS. s. i.e. Fickleness of mind ; levitas ; inconstantia ; Cic. CHANGELING, s. Infans subdititius, subditivus, Plaut., subditus, suppositus, Cic., supposititius, Varr. CHANNEL, s. Canalis ; canaliculus. (Of a river); alveus ( Of the sea) ; fretum. (Of a column) ; strix ;
!

CHANGEABLE,

canaliculus.

work

in one's

own chamber ;
s.
1.

intra privates parietes

To CHANT,
CHANT,
s.

v.

n.

Canere
;

opus facere.
(In the royal household) ; qui Lord high chamberlain ; est principi a cubiculo. II. cubiculo imperatorio praepositus. (Of a city); chamberlain ; quaestura, urbanus. Office of quaestor 111. (At an inn) ; tabulati Cic. ; quzEStorium officmm.

Cantus, us

cantare ; cantitare. melos, n. indecl., Cic.


:

CHAMBERLAIN,

canor, Quint.

CHANTER,
trix.

s.

Cantor
I.

cantator

fern.,

cantrix

canta-

CHAOS,

s.

The mass of confused matter; chaos,


;

n. (without gen. or dat.

abl. chao), Virg.

detersor.

gestaque moles, Ov.


v. a.

II.

Disorder, confusion

rudis indi; rerui

To CHAMFER,
Plin.

Striare, Vitr.
s.

striare

columnam,

confusio, Cic.

Striatura, Vitr. channel or furrow is called strix, igis ; canaliculus ridge between the furrows, stria, ae, f. ; Vitr. CHAMOIS, s. Rupicapra, se, f., Plin.

CHAMFER

or CHAMFRET.

The
:

the

To CHAMP,
the bit ;

Mandere mordere. To champ v. a. frenum mordere. CHAMPAIGN, s. See CAMPAIGN, I. CHAMPIGNON, s. Fungus, Cic. boletus, Jur. CHAMPION, s. Defensor ; propugnator. CHANCE, s. Fortuna ; fors casus, us ; alea. By
;
;.

Fatiscere ; dehiscere ; dissilire ; rimas rimis dehiscere, Ov. Full of chaps ; rimarum, Rima; rimula A chap in the or rimis, plenus, Ter.; rimosus, Plin skin ; rima ; rimula ; Plin. ; Cels. Chaps on the hands and feet ; rhagades, um, f. pi. ; rhagadia, orum, n. pi.,
v. n.

To CHAP.
CHAP.
s.

agere, Cic.

Plin.

Chaps on the lips ; labiorum fissura?, Plin. Chaps in wood ; rima?, Cic. fissuraa, Col. CHAPE, s. \. e. The catch of any thing by which it
;

is

kept in

By mere chance
alea

casu ; fortuito ; fortuitu, Cic ; A game of chance ; caeco casu, Cic. to such game ; aleatorlus. To trust too much player of such game ; aleator To take to chance ; nimium in fortuna ponere, Cic. one's chance ; fortunae se comrmttere ; aleam adire. A chance guest, comer ; adventor, Plaut. ; interventor, Cic. To CHANCE, v. n. Fieri ; evenire ; contingere ; cadere ; accidere ; incidere ; Cic.

chance; forte fortuna


;

munimentum.
CHAPEL,
s.

place ; ferrea fibula, Caes. ; ferreaansa, Vitr. The chape of a scabbard ; extremae acinacis vaginse
its

^Edicula;
s.

sacellum

Chapel of ease ;
capitium
;

Of or belonging

ecclesia alteri in subsidium annexa.

CHAPERON,

i.e.

kind of hood ;

ma-

gisterii insigne.

(of a column), s. Capitulum, Vitr. ; capitellum, Plin. ; epistylium, Varr. CHAPLAIN, s. Sacerdos regi, duci, &c. ; principi a sacro faciendo.

CHAPITER

CHAPLET.

s.

i.

e.

garland of flowers
;

sertum

ex

CHANCEL, s. Adytum ; sanctuarium. CHANCELLOR, s. Cancellarius. Vice-chancellor


cancellarii vices gerens.

floribus, or florea, corona, Plaut.


;

florida corolla, Cato.

CHAPMAN,
solet.

s.

Emptor j quiab
I.
;

aliquo mercatore

emere

CHANCE-MEDLEY, s. Casus, us \ fortuna. CHANCERY, s. Cancellarii prastorium. I. Having the qualities of a cancer ; CANCUOUS. a. II. Afflicted with a qui carcinomatis vim habet.
cancer
;

CHAPS,
oris, n.
;

s.

pi.

gula, Cic.
;

rictus, us,
tyc. ;

The mouth of a beast of prey ; os, 11. Entrance m., Ov.


ostium, Cic.
;

of a channel, river,
pi., Plin.

fauces, ium,

f.

os, oris, n., Curt.


s.
I.

cancro exesus, or corrosus.


s.

CHANDELIER,
tnultifidum.

Candelabrum
I.

candelabrum pensile
propola,
ae,

CHANDLER, s. mango, Quint.

A huckster ;

m., Cic.

II.

One who makes or

sells

candles ;

I. To barter, truck ; rem alia To CHANGE, v. a. II. To commutare, Cic., mutare, or permutare, Plin. alter ; rem in aliam mutare, immutare, commutare, or 111. Handwriting; masitissimae et clarissimae, Cic. To change for the worse ; mutare in pejus permutare III. To give nus. IV. Personal quality, disposition; indoles ; depravare ; vitiare corrumpere Cic. IV, Plaut. To nummum natura immutare, change one's character; de change of money ; ingenium. To change one's clothes ; mutationem vestis facere, Cic. more suo discedere, Cic. ingenium novum sibi induere, To change one's abode ; mutare sedem, or ex sede, Liv To assume an old character ; ad ingenium redire, V. ProHe has not even Ter. Such is my character ; sic sum, Ter. Plin. e loco in alium migrare, Cic. It is the character of To perty, peculiarity ; natura ; vis. changed his place ; ne loco quidem mptus est, Cic est . yis natura non Plaut. That virtutis to virtue atque obtinere, ; propria change colour ; vultus colorem To The sayings of Cicero have a distinctive character ; changes colour ; cui non constat color neque vultus sua ut or dictorum one's mind Tullii sententiam ita sunt cognosci notata mutare, ; genera, ; permutare change de sententia discedere, or desistere. It is the character of the Romans; To cause one to sponte possint. V. Dignity ; dignitas ; persona. change his mind ; de sententia dimovere ; de proposita Romanum est, Liv. sententia depellere; (by force) detrudere ; (by fear) deTo sustain one's character ; impositam sibi personam VII. Reputation ; fama i terrere. / have not changed my mind ; mens eadem pro dignitate sustinere, Cic. nomen existimatio, Cic. see REPUTATION. perstatmihi, Virg. To CHANGE, v. n. I. To suffer alteration ; se conCHARACTERISTIC, a. Proprius. vertere ; mutationem habere Cic. To To CHARACTERIZE, v. a. (A person) alicujus vitam mutari, Hor. (A mores aperire, Sail. change or be changed into a stone ; lapidescere, Plin. depingere, Cic. ; naturam et into a brute; convert! in figuram bestiae, Cic. To thing) rem ad vivum exprimere. CHARCOAL, s. Carbo ligneus, or ex ligno adusto. change with fortune ; ad motum fortune se movere, Liv. / have not changed ; non alius sum atque fui, CHARD (of an artichoke), s. Tener cinarae cauhs. Cic / have not changed with regard to him ; ego isti To CHARGE, v. a. I. To impose as a task, command; nlhilo sum aliter atque fui, Ter The wind changes ; .alicui mandare de re mandata, or rei negotium, dare. ventus se vcrtit, Cees. II. To vary ; variari. III. / am charged by Dolabcila ; a Dolabella mandata habeo. To reform one's manners ; ad bonam frugem se recipere, He charged me to write to you ; mihi mandavit, or II. 10 impute ; He has entirely negotium dedit, ut ad te scriberem. Cic.; alios mores induere, Plin. To charge alicui rem tribuere changed ; plane se ipse exuit, Cic. culpam imputare. CHANGE, s. immutatio ; falsely; alicui falsum crimen inferre, or objicere alicui I. Alteration; mutatio ; Change of life ; cpnversa vita crimen affingere aliquem falsi criminis accersere cpmmutatio conversio via, Hor. To another with a culpsm in alterum fortune fortuna; vicissitudines Change
; ;
;

candelarum opifex, or propola.

II. Division of a book ; caput. An assembly of canons ; canonicorum collegium. (Met m. together) ; canoniconum conventus, or consessus, us, A chapter-house ; conventions habendis locus destinatus. To hold a chapter ; comitia peragere. CHARWOMAN, s. Mercenaria ; opera. Cic.; I. A mark; nota ; signum ; CHARACTER, s. II. A letter ; character, eris, character, eris, m., Col. m. ; litera. Well-formed characters ; literula? compo-

CHAPTER,

of

charge

fault ;

49

COMPLAISANTLY
alteri obsequi, indulgere.

COMPOSEDLY
To compose verses ; versus facere, conficere ; carmina condere Cic To compose verses impromptu ; versus ex temppre fundere, Cic. A speech carefully
Plin.

thing

alterius

To be complaisant in every ad arbitrium et nutum totum se fingere et


Indulgenter, Cic.
Cic.
;

Ep

accommodare, Cic. COMPLAISANTLY. ad.


ter, Plin.

obsequen-

Omnibus suis partibus expletus ; comA complete suit ; perfectus et absolutus, Cic vestimentum omnibus partibus absolutum A complete regiment ; legio justa, plena, or completa per manipulos,
pletus
;

COMPLEMENT, COMPLETE, a.

s.

Complementum,

composed; oratio diligenter elabprata, or diligenti studio IV. To constitute by being part of a perpolita, Cic. Man is composed qf soul and whole; constituere, Cic V. To body ; homo constat anima et corpore, Cic. calm ; sedare; tranquillare ; placare. VI. To settle
(a difference) cordia sedare
;
;

controversial!! tollere, or dirimere ; disres ad concordiam adducere ; Cic. ; litcm

complete period; perfectus et completus verborum ambitus, Cic. To COMPLETE, v. a. Complere. To complete my misery ; accessit in miseriae cumulum, quod, Cic. COMPLETELY, ad. Perfecte ; absolute ; omnino. COMPLETENESS, s. Absolutio; perfectio. COMPLETION, s. I. Act of completing; perfectio; absolutio perfectioque ; Cic The completion of a work ; manus extremas accessio, Cic The completion of a task I have obor design ; suscepti negotii executio, Tac. tained the completion of my desires ; ad optatos exitus pervectus sum, Cic. ; votorum compos factus sum, Plin. Ep. My project has received its entire completion ;
rei

SiT. Ital

componere, Virg.

(With printers) ; To arrange the type ; literarum typps in tabella componere, or ordinare et disponere. COMPOSEDLY, ad. Placide; sedate; leniter; Cic.
See COMPOSURE. An author ; auctor ; scriptor : Cic. ; qui musica componit. I. The act of forming an COMPOSITION, s. integral of various parts ; compositio; coagmentatio ; structura, Ov. II. A mixture; permistio admistio; Cic. mistarum rerum unitas ; mistura; Cels. ; totum ex diversis III. The act of writing ; scriptio. partibus constans. IV. A written work; scriptum. V. Agreement;

VII.

COMPOSEUNESS. COMPOSER. *.
II.

I.

One who

writes music

instituta?

exitum expedivi,
; ;

Cic.

II.

The utmost
II.

height ;

cumulus COMPLEX, a.
;
;

summum summus
I.

gradus.

conventum ; pactum ; pactio, Cic. COMPOSITOR, s. (In a printing

office);

typorum

dis-

Composite
lor

(In logic); complexus. ex diversis partibus compositus, concretus,

conflatus, Cic.

multiplex.

COMPLEXION, s. I. The colour of the face ; oris co(Natural) ; verus (Ruddy) ; diffusus sanguine. A complexion of red and white ; ( Sun-burnt) ; adustior. mistus candore rubor, Cic That has afresh complexion; iritidus colore, Quint. That has a florid complexion ; floridulo ore nitens, Catull. To give beauty to the comA pale complexion; cuti nitorem inducere, Plin The complexion ; languidus, or languescens, color
plexion fades
; color evanescit, Lucr., illi excidit, Ov., II. Temperament of the body ; corlanguescit, Plin. poris habitudo, habitus, us, constitutio, or temperatio,

positor ; qui typos literarum in tabella dispomt. COMPOST, s. Stercus, oris, n., Cic. ; timum, Virg. : fimus, Col. To COMPOST, v a. See To MANURE. COMPOSURE, s. I. The act of composing ; compoII. Sedatesitio, Cic. ; coagmentatio ; structura ; Ov. ness ; animi tranquillitas ; animi quietus et placidus III. Settlement of differences ; comstatus, us, Cic. positio, Cic. ; CJES. To COMPOUND, v. a. Rem ex diversis partibus comTo compound a differponere ; coagmentare ; fingere ence ; utern componere, Virg. ; controversiam tollere, or dirimere ; discordias sedare ; res ad concordiam adducere ; Cic.
.

rem cum alia, copulare, jungere, or conjungere ; rem rei II. To form by complication ; impliconnectere, Cic. care A complicated disease; morbus multiplex. COMPOUND, COMPOUNDED, a., part. Ex diversis partiComplicated crimes ; implicita scelera. A complication of bus compositus, concretus, conflatus, Cic. A compound COMPLICATION, s. Congeries. crimes ; scelera sceleribus cumulata, Cic. word; vox quae e duobus vocabulis constat. COMPOUNDER. s. See COMPOSER. COMPLICE, s. Alicujus sceleris particeps, conscius ; To COMPREHEND, v. a. I. To sceleri affinis ; in scelere censors, Cic To become a comprise, contain ; II. To in scelerum sociecrime cum altero continere; complecti; Cic.; capere, Curt. ; pactiones complice To discover one's complices ; so- conceive, understand ; animo, or mente, comprehendere ; tatesque conflare, Cic / comprehend it percios prodere, Cic. comprehensum habere, Cic. I cannot comprehend it; id COMPLIMENT, s. Sermonis comitas, Cic. ; officiosa fectly; probe teneo, Cic urbanitas ; officiosa verba, pi. To go to pay one's com- longissime abest intelligentia sensuque meo disjunctum ; non hasc mente ista sane non intelligo ; Cic. j Mart. Make officiose ire ego capio ; salutatum, pliments ; aliquem my compliments to him ; officiose ilium meis verbis sa- ista captum meum superant. COMPREHENSIBLE, a. He is too full of compliments ; nimis putiComprehensibilis, Cic. ; quod luta, Mart. in intelligentiam cadit ; quod intelligentia et ratione dus est officiosae urbanitatis affectator.

COMPLIANT, a. See COMPLAISANT. To COMPLICATE, v. a. I. To join; res inter

ment
se,

or

To COMPOUND, v. n. i. e. To come to terms of agree; de re cum aliquo pacisci, transigere, or decidere ; controversiam transigere ; Cic. COMPOUND, s. Permistio ; admistio ; Cic.; mistarum rerum unitas ; mistura ; Cels. ; totum ex diversis partibus constans.

To COMPLIMENT,
COMPUMENTAL,
Cic.

v. a.

To compliment pellare, or prcsequi. cui renk or de re, gratulari, Cic.

Aliquem verbis officiosis comon anything ; aliO.

comprehenditur, Cic.

COMPREHENSION,
perceptio
;

s. i.e.

Apprehension; comprehensio ;

Cic.

COMPLIMENTARY.
*.

Honorarius,

COMPLIMENTER.
affectator.

Importunus
;

officiosse urbanitatis

COMPREHENSIVE, a. COMPENDIOUS. COMPREHENSIVENESS,

Capax
s.

continens.
;

See also

(In expression)

concinnitas;

COMPLOT.
sensio, Cic.

s.

Conjuratio
v. n.

conspiratio
;

scelerata con;

verba significantia. COMPRESS, s. (In surgery); penicillum


Cels.

peniculum

To COMPLOT.

Conspirare

conjurare

conju-

To
Cic.

rationem facere, Cic. To COMPLY, v. n. I. To be obsequious to ; alteri obsequi, or indulgere, Cic. ; aliorum studiis, Ter., voluntati, Cic., obsequi, or indulgere ; ad voluntatem nuII. To suit tumque se fingere et accommodare, Cic. III. To with; convenire, congruere, concinere, cum. submit to ; alicujus imperio ac potestati, or sub potestatem, se subjicere ; in fidem atque potestatem, or potestati

COMPRESS, v. a. Comprimere. COMPRESSIBLE, a. Quod comprimi potest. COMPRESSION, s. Compressio, Vitr. ; pressus, us,

To comply with fideique, se submittere, Cic. ; Curt proposed conditions ; conditiones accipere ; ad conditiones To force one to comply with our condescendere, Cic
ditions
; nostris conditionibus astringere, Cic. COMPONENT, a. Ex quo (quibus) res constat, or

To COMPRISE, v. a. Continere ; complecti ; Cic. ; Comprised; compre; comprehendere. hensus To be comprised in any thing ; in re contineri. All crimes comprised in one ; omnia scelera uno maleIs he comprised in that number? fic io com plexa, Cic estne ex eo numero ?
capere, Curt.

com-

ponitur.

COMPROMISE. *. Compromissum, Cic. To COMPROMISE, v. n. Compromittere ; comprore facere ; rem delectorum virorum arbitrio To compromise one's honour; famam committere, Cic To compromise .the name and in discrimen adducere.

missum de

Convenire, congruere, concinere, cum. To comport one's self; agere ; se gerere Cic. COMPORTMENT, s. Agendi vivendique ratio, Cic. To COMPOSE, v. a. I. To form a mass by joining
.
.

To COMPORT.

authority of another discrimen adducere.

nomen

et auctoritatem alterius in

different things together ; rem ex diversis partibus comII. To arrange, adponere ; coagmentare; fingere. just; componere, Plaut.; ordinare; ordinare et instituere in ordinem redigere ; ex ordine collocare ; ordine dispensare et disponere digerere ; suo quaeque loco disTo compose the features ; vultum fingere, ponere, Cic. or componere Composed features ; vultus ad graviIII. To put tatem, or ad modestiam, compositus, Tac.
; ;

COMPTROLLER, s. Qui rationes inspicit COMPULSION, s. Illutavis; necessitas By compulsion; per vim; vi ; vi ac necessitate; coactu, Cic Without compulsion; suasponte; ultro; non repugnanter, Cic.

COMPULSORY, COMPULSIVE,
or, qui

a.

Qui cogendi jus habet

cogere potest.
s.

COMPUNCTION,
peccatis.

Acerbus animi dolor ex admissis


See also CAL-

together

Cic

a discourse ; componere scribere conscribere, To compose a work ; opus effingere et excudere,


; ;

COMPUTABLE, a. Computabilis. COMPUTATION, s. Computatio, Plin.


CULATION.

63

CHEER
dentes genuini, Cic., molares, Juv., maxilA cheek-bone; maxilla. I. Entertainment, provisions served as CHEER, s. Good cheer ; ccena magnifica et lauta, victus a feast ; Poor cheer; victus Cic.; victus (Cis) lautus, Hor. IT. Heart, courage ; animus ; tennis, or aridus, Cic. To be oj good cheer ; foranimi firmitudo, or firmitas.
Chfek-teeth lares, Plin
;

CHIDE
To
rare
;

CHIDE, v.n.
elatrare.
s.

i.e.

To clamour; clamitari

vocife-

tem animum habere


or sumere
;

esse forti

animo

animum

erigere,

Cic.
; ;

species ; forma. acclamatio, Cic.

Air of the countenance ; facies ; IV. A shout of joy or approbation; To give a clamor secundus, Virg.
III.

cheer

acclamare

To CHEER,

v. a.

addefe.Cic., or facere,|Liv. ; alicujus animum erigere, Cic. II. To console; aliquem solari, consplari ; solatio levare ; consolatione lenire ; alicui cpnsolationem afferre, solatia dare, dolorem abstergere ; Cic. To CHEER UP. v. n. Animum erigere, sumere, or re-

clamorem secundum tollere. I. To encourage ; alicui animos

Reprehensio. CHIEF, a. Pra?cipuus ; principals ; Cic. ; potissimus, Suet The chief men of a city ; civitatis principes ; optimates ; prpceres, Cic One of the chief men; vir priThe chief women ; summates matrons?, marius, Cic Plaut. A chief point ; rei caput, or cardo ; quod in re qualibet est prsecipuum ; Cic. ; in quo tota res vertitur, Liv. He. has the chief command, he is the commander in chief, est cum summo imperio praefectus. The chiefs of a conspiCHIEF, s. Dux ; imperator The chief of a reliracy > conjurationts capita, Liv gious order ; ordinis religiosi caput.

CHIDING,

CHIEFLY, ad.
primis, Cic.

Maxime

prsecipue
;

praesertim

in
rearfri-

CHIEFTAIN,

s.

Imperator

dux

ductor

A
;
;

nowned

chieftain ; belli

dux

praestantissimus, Cic.

CHEERFUL. ful; gaudere


titiam affert.

a.
;

Hilaris

hilarus

laetus

To be cheer*
lae-

mis inclytus, Virg. CHILBLAIN, s. Pernio,


gore ustio.

onis,

m
;

perniunculus
II.
;

laetari.

That renders cheerful; qui


Hilare
;

CHEERFULLY, ad. animo Cic. CHEERFULNESS. s.


;

hilarem in

modum

hilari

CHILD, A puer

s.

I.

An

infant;

infans.

boy ;
nafili-

little

m.
;

CHEERLESS, a.
tura
tristis
;

Hilaritas ; Iffititia. Tristis ; mcestus ; melancholicus

Cic. lula, Catull.


;

III.
;

A girl; puella. IV. virguncula, Sen. A


V.

boy ; parvulus

puerulus

little

A son ;
filia;

pusio, onis, girl; puelfilius


;

na-

Cic.

tus, ola.

i,

m.

filiolus.

daughter ;
;

nata;

VI. PI. Children;


nati sunt ei

liberi

nati.

To have

child-

CHEERLESSXY. ad. Mceste ; dolenter. To make a cheese; CHEESE, s, Caseus.


figurare.

ren by one's wife ; liberos ex uxore suscipere.

caseum

had children ;
ex
illo,

cheese full of eyes


s.

caseus fistulosus, Cels.

procreavit, Cic
batus.

CHEESECAKE,
placenta.

Triquefra e caseo, ovis, et butyro


s.

He has filii, Ter. ; ille filios ex uxore She has had children by him ; peperit Ter. That has lost his children ; progenie orN. B. A godchild; filius (filia) spiritualis (in
s.

CHEESE-CURDS, massa, Ov.

Concretum

lac,

Virg.

lactis coacti

ecclesiastical writers).

CHILDBED,
s. s.

Puerperium.

A woman

in childbed;

CHEESEMONGER,
CHEESE-PRESS, idoneum.

Vas

Casearius ; fern, casearia. ad exsiccationem caseorum

puerpera,

ae, f.

CHILDBIRTH, s. Partus, us, m. CHILDHOOD, s. (Under seven years); infantia


;

(from
child-

CHEESE-ROOM. *. Caseale, is, n., Col. I. To love CHERISH, v. a. dearly, make much diligere ; see To of; carum, or in deliciis, habere II. To shelter, protect ; aliquem tegere, defenLOVE.

seven to twelve) pueritia

puerilis setas.

From

To

From hood ; a pueritia ; ab ineunte, or prima, aetate the very earliest childhood ; a puero parvulo, or pusillo, Plaut. ; a prima infantia, Ter. ; a teneris unguiculis,
Cic.

dere, tueri, or praesidio tutari, Cic. ; alicui patrocinari, Plin. CHERISHER. s. Qui defendit et protegit ; defensor ; propugnator ; tutor ; amicus. CHERRY, s. Cerasum, i, n. CHERRY-ORCHARD, s. Locus cerasis consitus.

CHILDISH, a. Puerilis. CHILDISHLY, ad. Pueriliter. CHILDISHNESS, s. Puerilitas ; puerilis agendi ratio. CHILL, a. Frigidus algidus. To CHILL, v. a. Frfgefacere frigefactare Plaut.
; ; ;

CHERRY-TREE, s. Cerasus, i, f. CHERUB, s. Cherub ; pi. cherubim


;

m.

indecl.

refrigerare, Plin. animi restinguere.

To

chill the

mind or spirits ; ardorem

CHERVIL, s. Caerefolfum, Plin. chaarephyllum, Col. CHESS, s. Latrunculorum ludus. Chess-men; latroA chess-board ; mandra, se, nes, Ov. ; latrunculi, Sen.
f.,

Mart. ; lusorius alveolus, Plin. ; latruncularia tabula, To play at chess ; latrunculis ludere, Sen. v laSen. To win a game bella, or proalia, ludare, Mart. of chess; latrunculis vincere. A small chest ; I. A box; area; capsa CHEST, s. A chest of drawers ; armarium. arcula ; capsula. II. Part of the body; pectus ; pectoris cavitas. CHESTNUT or CHESNUT. s. Castanea ; nux castanea. The husk of a chestnut ; echinatus calyx ; echinus ChestnutThe inner skin or rind; castanese corium Chestnut colour ; ex rutilo nigrestree ; castanea.

CHILL, s. Frigus, oris, n. CHILLY, a.^ Alsiosus ; frigoris impatiens. CHIME, s. i. e. Harmony of sounds ; consonantia ; soA chime of bells ; modunorum cpncordia ; harmonia
latus aeris

campani sonitus
v. a. (Bells)
;

ad numeros

saris

campani

tronum

pulsus.

To CHIME, To CHIME,

(aes

campanum) ad numerum,

or moderate, pulsare.
or,
v. n. i. e.' To agree ; convenire ; congruere ; Not to chime; concinere; Cic.; consonare, Sail

inter se dissidere, or discordare, Cic.


;

CHIMERA, s. i.e. A vain imagination; menta, n. pi. somnium ; nomen inane. CHIMERICAL, a. Fictus ; commenticius.

vana com-

cent.

CHEVALIER,

s.

Eques,
s.

itis,

m.
;

CHEVAUX DB
ericius, Cses.

FRISE.

Pali mucronibus horrentes


;

The flue of a chimCHIMNEY, s. Caminus ; focus. ney ; camini spiraculum, spiramentum, or aestuarium, Vitr. The mantelpiece of a chimney ; adversa spiraculi lorica To sit in a chimney-corner; apud carbones
assidere, Plaut.

Haedus CHEVERIL. *. haedillus, Plaut. ; haedulus, Of or belonging to a cheveril; hsedinus ; hsedilis. To CHEW. v. a. Mandere ; dentibus conficere comTo chew the cud; ruminare, Col. rumimanducare nare herbas, Virg. ; ruminare revocatas herbas, Ov. ; remandere, Plin. I. The art of prolonging a judicial conCHICANE, s. test by artffi.ee ; judiciorum infractus, us ; legum laquei, Cic. vafrum jus, Hor. II. Artifice in general; fraus
Juv.
; ; ; ;

CHIMNEY-PIECE, s, Antepagmenta, n. pi., Vitr. CHIMNEY-SWEEPER, s. Qui caminorum purgat


cula.

spira-

CHIN.

s.

Mentum.

CHIN-COUGH, s. Crebra tussis ; cucullatus morbus. CHINA, s. i. e. China-ware > vasa murrhina, or murrhea, n. pi. ; vasa fictilia Sinensia ; murrha, ae, f., poetically.

artificium; dolus.

To CHICANE,
contest
;

v. n.

I.

To use

artifice in
;

a judicial

fraudulenter litiII. To use argari ; uti subdolis artibus in litigando. tifice in general; dolos adhibere, Cic., or moliri, Val. Fl. ; ad dolos se convertere, Plin. CHICANER. 5. i.e. A petty sophister, a wrangler ; vafer ac fraudulentus litigator ; homo litigiosus ; litium amans. Callidse et fraudulentae litigandi raCHICANERY, s.

aliquem iniqua

lite

morari

CHINE, s. Dorsi spina. CHINE, v. a. Dorsi spinam frangere. rimula ; fisI. A gap, aperture; rirna CHINK, s. sura. II. Sound (of pieces of metal) ; tinnitus, us. I. To break in gaps ; rimas agere, To CHINK, v. n. II. Jo sound (as pieces of meor capere dehiscere.

To

tal)

CHINKY.
CHINTZ,
CHIP.
s.

tinnire. a.
s.

tiones.

CHICK or CHICKEN, s. Pullus gallinaceus just hatched ; a matre pulli.


CHICKEN-HEARTED,
ticulosus, Plin.
a.

Chicken
Cic.
;

Ignavus

timidus

me-

CHICK-PEAS,

s.
s.

CHICKWEED.

To CHIDE, v. a. i. e. To reprove ; aliquem increpare, reprehendere, verbis asperioribus reprchendere, Plin., To chide severely ; objurgare, verbis castigare, Cic. acerbissime, or gravissimis verbis, aliquem reprehendere, Cic To chide gently ; molli brachio objurgare.

Cicer, eris, n. Anagallis, idis,

f.

A chip of wood ; Pars; particula ; Cic assula, Plaut. ; secamentum, Plin Chips of wood ; A chip of any thing broken; schidia, orum, n. pi., Vitr. A chip of bread ; frustum. He fragmen ; fragmentum. is a chip of the old block ; patris est filius. To CHIP. v. a. Minute, minutatim, in minutas partes, concidere, Cic. ; Cato ; Lucr. ; minutatim secare, Cic. A chipping-block ; tabula ad secandum minutatim cibum
idonea.

Rimarum, or rimis, plenus ; rimosus. Texta e filo xylino tela catagrapha.

CHIP-AXE, s. Ascia. CHIPPINGS. s. pi. Frusta ; fragmina ; fragmenta, n. pi. To CHIRP, v.n. (As chicken); pipilare ; pipire; or.
2

CHIRPING
(as small birds) ; friguttire ; or, fringultire ; fritinnire : (as a grasshopper) ; stridere ; also, fritinnire, Auct. Carm. de Phil. N. B. Minurire is used only byvery late writers. CHIKPING. s. Avium ga-rritus, or cantus, us. CHISEL, s. Fabrile scalprum, Liv. ; excisorius scalA little chisel ; scalpellum, Cic. per, Cels CHIT. s. I. A little child ; pusio, onis, ra. ; puellula, II. A freckle; pi., leruigines, um, Plin., lentiK, f. culae, arum, Cels.

CHRONOLOGICAL
CHRONOLOGICAL, CHRONOLOGY. *.
a.

pipare

__

CHRYSALIS, s. Chrysalis, idis, f., Plin. CHRYSOLITE, s. Chrysolithus, Plin. CHUB. s. I. A kind offish ; gobio capitatus goII. A loggerhead; horno plumbeus, Ter., bius. rudig,
;

Ad temporum rationem pertinens. Temporum ratio, or descriptio.

inurbanus, Cic.

CHIT-GHAT,
n- pi.
;

s.

See CHAT.
s. pi.
f.

CHUBBY-CHEEKED, a. Bucculentus. CHUCK, s. Nutricis gallinae singultus, us. To CHUCK, v. n. i.e. To call as a hen ; glocire, Col. CHUFF. *. Homo agrestis, rusticanus, rudis, inurbanus.

CHITTBRUFOS.
hillse,

Viscera, intestina, exta, orum,


pi.

arum,

CHUFFY.
perCic.

a.

Rusticus

agrestis

inurbanus
;

CufTTY.
tinet.

a.

Puerilis.

CHIVALRO.US. a.

Quod adveterum equitum mores


I.

CHUM. s. Contubernalis. CHUMP, s. Brevior ligni truncus


CHURCH.
*.
I.

illepidus.
icis,

caudex,

m.,

Knighthood ; equitis gradus; ordo II. Prowess; fortitude; virtus. oquestris. I. The act of choosing ; electio ; deCHOICE, s. lectio Cic. delectus, Ca?s. electus, Ov. optio, Plaut. To To make a choice ; dolectum agere, or habere. give a choice ; delectum facere, or permittere optionem
$.
; ; ; ; ;

CHIVALRY,

II. body of Christians ; ecclesia. A place of Christ ian worship ; templum sacra OJUCB. David aedes. wruijpiui III. Sometimes improperly used for The ecclesiastical
_,

; ,

order, the clergy

clerus
s.

ecclesiasticus ordo.
;

dare, or permittere, Cic. ; facere in eligendo arbitrium, Liv. Take your choice ; optio sit tua __ Of one's own II. The best of any thing; choice; sponte ; ultro. flos, Cic. ; delectus, us, Caes. CHOICE, a. I. ( Said of things) ; lectus ; electus ; egreII. (Said of persons) ; curiosus ; pergius ; eximius.

See CEMETERY. CHURL, s. CHURLISH, a. I. Clownish ; rusticu ; inurbanus ; rudis agrestis. II, Niggardly; sordidus; tenax. illiberalis; parcus CHURLISHLY, ad. i.e. Clownishly ; inurbane; rustice:
;
;

CHURCHWARDEN, rum procurator. CHURCHYARD, s.

Sacrorum custos

aedium sacra-

illepide.

curiosus
sito.

(vir) judicii exquisitissimi, or judicio exqui-

CHURLISHNESS,
mores, Cic. agendi ratio.
tici
;

s. i.e. Rudeness, clownishness ; rusrusticitas, Plin. ; illepida, or inurbana,

CHOICENESS. CHOIR, s.
chorus.

adytum

Excellentia; praestantia. I. An assembly of singers ; canentium II. Part of a church; tetnpli cella, Virg. ; (eccfeske chorus, in ecclesiastical writers).
s.

CHURN, s. Vas in quo fit crebro jactatu butyrum. To CHURN, v.a. Butyrum crebro jactatu conficere,
Plin.

To CHOKE* v. a. I. To sutfbcate ; suffocare, Cic. ; prsefocare, Ov. ; animam alicui exstinguere, Ter., iuterII. To obstruct; obcludere, Tac., praecludere, Plin. struere ; aditum claudere, or intercludere. CHOLER. *. i.e. Anger, rage; ira ; iracundia ; stomachus. CHOLERIC, a. Iracundus ; irritabilis, Cic. stomachoirae properus, Tac. irae impatiens, Ov. sus, Hor. To CHOOSE, v. a. I. To select, pick out ; legere ; You eligere deligere seligere ; rei delectum habere. may choose ; tua est optio. There is nothing to choose ; nori est option! locus To choose rather ; rem rei praeoptare, Catull. ; malle quam ; anteponere ; anteferre II. To take, not to refuse ; accipotius ducere, Cic. III. To appere; acceptum habere; non recusare. constituere (into a company) j coop; designare point tare allegere asciscere To choose by lot ; sortiri. To CHOOSE. v. n. i. e. To be willing ; velle ; hand abI cannot choose nuere __ To choose rather ; malle but ; non possum non 4 non possum facere quin. To CHOP. v.a. See To CHIP. II. CHOP. *. I. A piece chopped off; see CHIP, I. A crack ; s"ee CHAP. CHOP-HOUSE, s. Popina caupona cauponula. CHOPPING-KNJFE. *. Securicula, Plin. ; grandior cul; ; ; ; ; ; ;
:

CHYLE,

s.

Chylus,

Herm.

CHYMIC

or CHYMICAL. s. Chimicus. CHYMIST. s. Chimiae peritus. CHYMISTRY. s. Chimia, ae, f.

gladius falcatus, Ov.

CICATRICE, s. Cicatrix, icis, Cic. To CICATRIZE, v. a. Alicui cicatrices indere, Plaut. CIDER, s. Expressus e malis liquor. CIMETER. s. A Turkish sword; acinaces, is, m.;

CINCTURE, CINDER, s. CINNABAR,


indecl., Plin.

s.

Cingulus Carbo.

cingulum
is,
f.,

zona.
;

s.

Cinnabaris,

Plin.

cinnabari, n.

; Plin. CIPHEB. s. I. An arithmetical character; nota arithmetica. II. An arithmetical mark, standing for A mere nothing ; arithmeticae Arabicae nota orbiculata cipher, i. e. a man of no consequence ; homo nullo nuIII. An occult manner of writing ; nota mero, Cic.

CINNAMON, s. Casia, ae, f, CINNAMON-TREE, s. Laurus cinnamomum. CINQUEFOIL. s. Quinquefolium ; pentaphyllum

secretae.

To

CIPHER,

v.a.

I.

notis arithmeticis supputare. characters ; secretis notis rem

To practise in arithmetic; II. To write in occult mandare.

ter.

CHORAL.
canentiurn.

a.

Ad chorum canentium
s.
I.

pertinens

e choro

CHOROGRAPHY.
CHORUS,
s.

chorus. centus

of singers ; canentium Vocum conefficere, Cic To sing in alternate chorus ; cantus reddere vicibusque
II.

A number
;

Chorographium, Vitr,
Voices in singing;

I. A round line; circulus; CIRCLE, s. orbis; brTo describe a circle (In geometry) ; circulus with compasses; circinum circumducere, Vitr. II. An assembly; circulus; corona; Cic. III. Circuit, compass ; ambitus, Cic. ; circuitus, us, Plin. ; (circuitio,

biculus

Union of

To sing in chorus
Graculus.

concentum

To CIRCLE, v.a. i.e. To surround ; circumdare cumcludere; circumstare; circumsistere.


To CIRCLE,
Cic.

Vitr.).

cir-

referre, Plin.

CHOUGH,
alicui

s.

v. a. Aliquem deludere, or ludificari imponere, fucum facere, Cic. ; alicui, or aliquem, illudere, Ter. aliquem in re fraudare, Cic. To CHRISTEN, v. a. Aliquem baptizare, aquis bap;

To CHOUSE,

v.n. i.e. To move in a circle; circular!, Col. ; in orbem moveri. I. Compass, circumference; CIRCUIT, s. ambitus,
us,
;

circuitus,

us,
;

Plin.

(circuitio, Vitr.)

cir-

sitation of

tismi lustrare, sacro fonte abluere.

II. Vicumductus, us, Quint. circumductio, Virg. a judge for holding assizes ; provinciae lusTo make the circuit ; provinciam obire, tratio, Cic

CHRISTENDOM, s. Christianorum regiones. CHRISTENING, s. Baptismus. CHRISTIAN, s., a. Christianus To become a Christian ; Christianas fidei nomen dare Christianam fidem To be a Christian ; Christianam .tidem proamplecti.
;

Cic. CIRCULAR, a. In circulum flexus ; (circulatus, Cels.) ; A circular movement ;. orbicus mocircinatus, Plin. A circular letter ; literae eodem exemplo, tus, Varr in eamdem sententiam, ad plurimos scriptae.

fited.

CIRCULARLY, ad.
s.

In orbem.

CHRISTIANITY,

Christiana religio, fides

To pro-

fess Christianity ; Christianam fidem profited. CHRISTIANLY. ad. Christiano more; ut Christianum decet. CHRISTMAS-DAY, s. Christi Domini natalis dies, or natale.

To CIRCULATE, v.n. not used in this sense).


CIRCULATION.
fluus.
^.

In orbem moveri; (circular!,

CIRCUMAMBIENT,

Circulatio, Vitr. a. Qui circumfunditur


1

circum-

CHROMATIC,
n.
;

s.

(Term
f.,

of painting); chroma,
a.

atis,

chromatice,

es,

Vitr,

(Morbus) chronicus. CHRONICLE, s. Chronica, orum, Plin.; chronici libri, Cell __ Chronicles ; acta publica or simply, acta ; com;

CHRONIC or CHRONICAL,

mentarii; tabulae publicae

To CHRONICLE, v. a. In acta, in tabulas, in tarios, referre, or perscribere, Cic.


CHRONICLER,
Fand.).
s.

or simply, tabulae.

commen-

CIRCUMCISE, v.a. Circumcidere. Circumcised; circumcisus recutitus, CIRCUMCISION, s. Circumcisio. CIRCUMFERENCE, s. Circumductus, us ; circuitus, us ; Quint. circumductio, Virg. ; ambitus, us, Cic. (cirThe circumference of a wheel; orbile, cuitio, Vitr.). To be sixty feet in ciris, n., Varr. ; rotae orbis, Plin. cumference ; sexaginta pedes orbe colligere, Plin. CIRCUMFLEX (Accent), s. Accentus (us) flexus, or
; : ;

To

Historicus

(commentariensis,
describit.

CHRONOLOGIST.
52

s.

Qui temporum rationem

circumflexus, Quint. CIRCUMFLUENT or CIRCUMFLUOUS, a. qui circumfluit ; qui circumfunditur.

Circumfluus

ClitCUMFUSE
CIRCUMFUSE. v.a. Circumfuadere. CIRCUMJACENT. Qui circumjacet ; circumjacens. Verborum circumscriptio, or CIRCUMLOCUTION, s. verborum ambitus, us, Suet. What circuitus, us, Cic. need of circumlocution? quid opus est circuitione et
.

CITY
a
adimere, or eripefe ; aliquem numero segregare ; Cic. To lose the freedom of a city; civitatem amittere, or perdere, Cic.; jure civitatis excidere. CITY. (Used as an adjective.) I. Of or belonging to a large town; urbicus ; urbanus. II. Of or belonging to a body of citizens ; civilis ; civieus. CIVET, CIVET-CAT, s. Zibetta, x, f. Civic, a. Civieus ; civilis. CIVIL, a. I. Relating to citizens ; civilis ; civieus. Civil society ; humana consociatio. Civil discord ;
e civium
city ; allcui civitatem

To

anfractu ? Cic.

CIRCUMNAVIGABLE. a. To CIRCUMNAVIGATE,
navigare.

v. a.

Qui circumnavigari potest. Circumnavigare ; totum

To CIRCUMSCRIBE, v. a. Circurascribere. CIRCUMSPECT, a. Consideratus ; cautus ; prudens. Liberality ought to be circumspect ; habet multas cauHe is not circumspect ; est tiones liberalitas, Cic. To be circumspect ; parum cautus providensque, Cic. circumspicere, Cic. ; cautum esse, &c. CIRCUMSPECTION, s. Circumspectio ; consideratio ; With circumspecconsiderantia ; prudentia ; cautio The affair demands tion ; considerate ; prudenter. cautione re in ea magna opus est ; ; great circumspection hie maxima cautio et diligentia adhibenda est. CIRCUMSPECTLY, ad. Considerate ; prudenter. I. Something relating to a fact ; CIRCUMSTANCE. *.
adjunctum ; quod rei adjunctum est ; Cic. ; circumrei adCirmmstances stantia, ae, f., Quint.; Cell. II. Incident; eventus, us; juncta, orum, n. pi. III. CIRCUMSTANCES, pi., eventum ; res ; casus ; Cic. Under State of affairs ; status, us ; conditio ; ratio existing circumstances; ut res se habet ; ut nunc quidem In good circumstances, i.e. rich; dives ; peest, Cic. cuniosus ; bene nummatus ; amplissimae pecuniae dominus ; Cic. I. Not essential; adveniens ; CIRCUMSTANTIAL, a. II. Particular, in detail; accuraassumptus ; Cic. tus; singulis rei adjunctis expositis; rebus singulis, or ex ordine, enarratis. CIRCUMSTANTIALLY, ad. Singulatim ; sigillatim ; parTo relate circumstantially; res ticulatim ; per partes.
singulas, or

Civil war ; pestis intestina ; malum intestinum ; Liv civile bellum, Caes. I detest civil ar ; acivilibus castris Civil law-, jus civile, Cic., or civicum, abhorreo, Cic

causa in jure civili posita. Civil death ; capitis diminutio ; civitatis ademptio. II. Civilized, gentle, complaisant; urbanus; humanus ; officiosus ; Cic. ; comis, Ov. ; civilis, e, Suet. He is extremely civil ; est omni urbanitate limatus ; summe in omnes officiosus est ; Cic. To do what is civil towards any one ; aliquem officio prosequi Say what is civil to him for me ; hunc a me velim salvere jubeas, Ter. ; eum verbis mcis, or nomine meo, saluta,
in civil
;

Hor.

An action

law

Cic.

sununam illius in nos humanitatem. CIVILIZE, v. a. I. To reclaim from a barbarous state; a fera agrestique vita ad humanum cultum ciII. To make civil ; ad huvilemque deducere, Cic.

CIVILIAN, s. Jurisconsultus ; jurisperitus. CIVILITY, s. i.e. Politeness, complaisance; humaurbanitas ; comitas ; Cic To treat one with ; civility ; comem et urbanum esse erga aliquem, Cic. ; esse singular! officio in aliquem. To be deficient in For my part, I always civility ; ab humanitate deduci received great civility from him; obtinemus semper
nitas

To

manitatis
instruere.

officia

informare

;.

ad omne

officii

munus

ex ordine, or singulatim, enarrare; rem

ordine prosequi, Ter. ; singula recensere, Veil. ; tenuissima quaeque narrando prosequi ; singula rei adjuncta exponere. To CIRCUMVALLATE. v. a. Oppidum circumvallare,

CIVILLY, ad. I. Politely ; humaniter ; officiose ; urbane ; Cic To salute civilly- ; perbenigne salutare.

arcem circumdare ; vallum arci fossamque cirCaes. eumdare ; Cic. ; fossas urbi circumducere. CIRCUMVALLATION. s. Circummunitio, Cres. ; valli et
;

II. In a manner relating to government ; civiliter. CLACK, s. (Oi'amill); molare crepitaculum. To CLACK, v. n. Ad crepitaculi molaris instar strepere. CLAD. a. Vestitus, Cic. ; veste indutus, Virg. Well

or

ill clad ; vestitus bene, or male, Cic. Elegantly clad ; laute vestitus, Plaut Clad in purple ; purpu-

fossae circumductio, Vitr. CIRCUMVENT, v. a.

ratus, Cic.

imponere

Circumvenire, Cic. ; alicui captionem inducere ; dare, or facere, alicui fraudem. CIRCUMVENTION, s. Fraus ; dolus malus ; fraudatio. To CIRCUMVOLVE. v. a. Circumvolutare ; circumvolyere ; circumagere. To CIRCUMVOLVE. v. n. Circumvolutari ; circumvolvi ; circumagi ; or, se circumagere. CIRCUMVOLUTION, s. Circumactus, us. CIRCUS or CIRQUE, s. Circus. Of or belonging to the circus; circensis. Water from the CISTERN, s. Cisterna, ae, f., Col.
;

To

To

CLAIM,

aliquem

fallere, decipere, in

ut

suam

v. a. petere, poscere, postulare sibi vindicare, or repetere.

Rem

rem

CLAIM, s. Petitio; postulatio; postulatum. To lay claim to a thing ; rem- jure suam esse contendere, Cic. CLAIMANT, s. Qui petit, &c. petitor. CLAIR-OBSCURE. s. Lumen et umbras ordinandi sci;

entia.

CLAMBER,
cendere.

v. a.
s.
s.

In locum adrepere,.

reptando as-

CLAMBERING, CLAMMINESS,

Reptatus, us.

CLAMMY,
Col.

a.

Lentor ; lentitia ; glutinosus humor. Lentus, Plin.; glutinosus; viscosus :


;.

cistern

CIT.

; s.

aqua cisternina, Col.

Homo

plebeius.

CITADEL, s. Arx, arcis, f. I. A calling before a judge ; in jus CITATION, s. II. A quotation; loci e scriptore prolatio. vocatio. III. A passage quoted; scriptoris testimonium, or
locus.

CLAMOROUS, a. Strepens tumultuosus. CLAMOUR, s. Clamor, oris, m. ; clamitatio


fremitus
tollere
;

inconditus

To CLAMOUR,

strepitus, us.
v.
;

n.
Cic.

Clamare

clamores edere, or

clamitare

CITE. v. a. alicui diem dicere

To

To summon before a judge ; II. To aliquem in jus vocare.


I.

CLAN. s. Tribus, us, f. Clansman ; tribulis. CLANDESTINE, a. Clandestinus, Cic. CLANDESTINELY, ad. Clam ; occulte ; Cic. ; clandestine, Plaut. ; clanculum, Ter. CLANG, s. (Tubarum) sonus, or sonitus, Cic., clanr The clang of arms ; armogor, Virg., fremitus, Sen. rum fremitus, Cic., crepitus, Plin. CLANK., s. Tinnitus, us. To CLANK, v. n. Tinnire. To CLAP. v. aI. To strike together with a quick

quote
Cic.
;

auctorem citare, laudare, appellare, or afferre, locum e scriptore adducere. CITHERN, s. Cithara, ae, f. CITIZEN, s. Civis, is, m. and f. My fellow citizen ; civis.municeps, or popularis meus.
;

CITIZENLIKE. ad.
civiliter, Cic.

Urbico ritu
Civitas
;

nee laute, nee sordide

Quint. (in token of applause) ; plausum dare, or manibus alicui plaudere, Cic To clap the wings ; alis dicum ; Plin. plaudere, Virg. ; alas concutere, Claud., verberare, Plaut., II. To applaud; CITRON-TREE, s. Citrus, i, f. ; malus medica. quatere, Virg., plausu premere, Cic. I. A CITY. s. large town; urbs ; civitas, Caes.; alicui plaudere, applaudere, plausum dare, or impertire ; III. To put or join to; A capital or chief city; urbs regni aliquem plausu prosequi ; Cic. Quint. ; oppidum. A large and Jme city ; urbs rem alieui, or ad aliam, applicare, apponere, or admovere, caput ; urbium princeps. An ancient city ; Cic To clap spurs to one's horse ; calcaria equo adamplissima atque ornatissima, Cic urt>3 vetustate inclyta, Curt. ; oppidum pervetus, Cic. movere, subdere, or adhibere, Cic. ; concitare equum A city in a plain; urbs pianissimo loco explicata, calcaribus, Liv. A city on A clap CLAP. s. Strepitus ; fremitus ; crepitus, us Cic. A city on a hill ; urbs edita, Sen A city of thunder ; ingens, or ingenti fragore, tonitru. A clap urbs applicata colli, Liv. the, side of a hill ; II. The on a river; urbs flumini apposita, Tac. of the hands ; complosae manus : (in token of applause) ; The free- plausus, applausus. body of citizens ; civitas ; cives, ium, pi. To have the CLAPPER, s. I. One who claps his hands for apdom of a city ; civitas; civitatis jus To obtain the plause ; plausor ; applausor. II. That which makes a freedom of a city ; civitatem habere. To grant the noise The clapper of a mill ; molare crepitaculum freedom of a city ; civitatem consequi HI. A clapper freedom of a city ; alicui civitatem largiri, or tribuere, The clapper of a, bell ; ferrea clava. Cic., or communicare, Liv. ; aliquem civem, or in civi(of rabbits) ; leporum latibulum. CLARET, s. Vinum rubellum, Mart. ; vinum helvum, tatem, adsciscere; civitati, or in civitatem, adscribere; ciritate donare, Cic. That has received the freedom of or helvolum, Col. CLARIFICATION s. Liquoris defeecandi ratio. a city ; civitate donatus. To deprive of the freedom of
II.
:

CITIZENSHIP, s. of a city, in CITY,

civitatis jus.

See Freedom
;

motion ; concutere

To clap hands ; complodere manus>

CITRON.

5.

Malum

citreum

citreum

malum me-

53

CLARIFY
To
CLARIFY,

CLEAR
XIII. purl ac reliqui pervenire, i.e. clear gain, Cic. Not confused A clear head ; accuratum et rectum in-

To Front.) quare, Col.

Defrecare, Col. ; (liquorem diluere, clarify wine; vinura liquare, Hor., eli
v. a.

CLARINET, s. Soni acutioris major tibia. CLARION, s. Lituus, Hor. ; acutioris soni tibia. To CLASH. v. n. Inter se collidi confligere. CLASH, s. Collisus, Plin. (collisio, Justin.) ; con
; ;

genium, Cic. To CLEAR, v.a.


serene, %c.
II.
;

flictus, us, Cic.

CLASP. *. I. A hook to hold any thing close ; fibula, Ov. uncinus, Vitr. That has a clasp; flbulatus, Col. ; II. Anembrace ; amplexus, hamatusetuncinatus, Cic. us ; complexus, us Cic. To CLASP, v. a. I. To shut with a clasp ; fibulare
; ;

conflictio, Quint.

I. To make bright, transparent, ; clarum, purum, serenum, &c., reddere. To free from obscurity ; rei lucem aflerre, or lumen adhibere rem dilucidare, enodare, enucleare, explicare. To clear a difficulty ; nodum explicare ; locum difficilem explicare, or ex planar e, Cic. To clear a doubt j
;

dubia aperire, Cic.

dubitationem tollere, or eximere,

II. To embrace ; amplecti ; complecti, Cic. CLASPER. s. (Of a plant) ; clavicula, Cic. ; capreolus, Varr. ; pi. cirrhi, orum, Plin. CLASS, s. Classis ; ordo. To CLASS, v. a. In classes distribuere, Quint. CLASSICAL, a. ( Writer) ; scriptor classicus, Cell. To CLATTER, v. n. I. To make a noise; crepare; II. To talk rapidly and idly ; strepere ; acute sonare. inepte garrire ; efftitire.

(vestem).

CLATTER, s. Strepitus crepitus. CLAUSE, s. Caput; clausula.


;

III. To discharge ; liquidare ; expedire To Quint. clear one's^ debts ; aes alienum solvere, exsolvere, dissolvere ; nomina dissolvere ; liberare, or levare, se aere alieno; Cic. ; eere alieno, or a crcditoribus, se liberare, Sen. To clear at the custom-house ; portorium de mercimoniis IV. To remove any incumbrance ; impedare, ;Cic. dimentum amoliri, or amovere ; expedire ; purgare To clear the roads; vias expedire, Cic To clear the sea from pirates; maritimos prsedones consectando mare tutum reddere, Cic. ; mare praedonibus obnoxium vindicare a piraticis classibus, Curt To clear a trench ; fossam tergere, Col. ; luto expedire, Caes To clear the table ; mensas auferre, Plaut., removere, Virg. ; mensam tollere, Cic. est, Plaut.

CLAW.
guis. Plin.

Unguis, Cic. ; falcula, Plin. ; falcatus unThe claws of a crab ; denticulati cancri forcipes,
s.

The table is cleared; convivium sublatum V. To clarify ; liquare ; eliquare ; dilu-

perstringere, or leviter perstringere ; ungue (unguibus) sauciare, lacerare. N. B. It is sometimes used in a low sense, for To flatter ; see To FLATTER. CLAY. s. I. Potter's earth ; argilla ; terra, or creta, Made of clay figularis Of clay ; argillaceus, Plin. the II. (In (by potter); flctilis, Cic.; flglinus, Plin. poetry); Earth in general, ; terra Of clay ; terrenus. To CLAY. v. a. Argillam solo inducere.
v. a,

To CLAW.

Ungue (unguibus)

CLAYEY, CLAYISH.
Col.
II.

a. I. Full of clay ; argillosus, Like, or consisting of, clay ; argillaceus, Plin. CLEAN, a. nitidus ; I. Free from dirt ; mundus ;

Clean water ; aqua pura. ; mundatus ; purgatus A clean shirt ; subucula munda Clean paper ; charta II. Free from moral impurity ; mundus ; purus ; pura. / have a clean conscience ; nullius ego mihi integer. sum conscius, Cic. To have clean hands ; manus culpap ab alieno abstinere, Cic That has clean hands ; alieni III. Neat, elegant ; concinnus; abstinentissimus, Plin. comptus i lautus ; elegans. CLEAN, ad. i.e. Quite, perfectly ; plane; omnino ; pe-

purus

To clear (a metal) ; purgare ; e faece sua separare To clear the air, or sky ; ccelum repurgare, Ov. ; aera purgare discussis nubibus, Sil. ItaJ To clear the voice ; vocem claram reddere ; voci splendorem afferre, Plin. VI. To gain ; lucrari ; lucrffacere ; VII. To justify ; lucrum, or quaestum, facere; Ck. aliquem crimine, or de crimine, absolvere ; a scelere liberare ; Cic. To clear of theft; absolvere furti, de furto, furti crimine, Cic To clear of collusion; absolvere de Cleared, i.e. justified, absolved; praevaricatione, Cic absolutus ; scelere liberatus crimine solutus criminis, To clear one's self; culpam a crimine, absolutus ; Cic se amoliri, Plaut., amovere, Liv. ; crimen diluere, purVIII. To clear up, i. e. to gare, dissolvere, Cic. make clear ; (rem) dilucidare, Cic. To CLEAR UP. v. n. (Of the weather) clarescere ; disserenare When it had quite cleared up ; cum undique
ere
;

defaecare

disserenasset, Liv.

CLEARANCE,

s. i.e.

Certificate,

cautio, Cic. ; (inscriptum, Lucil. acceptilatio, Ulp.).

discharge; solutae rei ; apocha, ae, f., Ulp. ;

totum ^ ex toto. To CLEAN, v.a. Purgare; expurgare ; mundare ; To clean wheat; detergere; purificare, Plin.; Goll frumentum expurgare, Col. To clean a garment ; vestem desquamare, Plin To clean the teeth; denies purnitus
;

in

I. Brightly ; clare ; lucide ; splenEvidently, manifestly ; manifesto; or, manievidenter Cic One sees clearly ; ; ; perspicue ; III. Intelligibly; patet, or perspicuum est, omnibus. To speak clearly ; verbis dilucidis uti, plane et aperte

CLEARLY, ad.
II.

dide.
festo

gare, Cic., circumpurgare, Cels., lavare, Catull., colluere, Plin. CLEANLY, ad. Munditer ; nitide ; Plaut. ; munde,

IV. Plainly ; clare. To see clearly ; clare ocuTo see clearly into a matter ; rem videre, Plaut in Cic. A matter which one cannot see his percallere, To disway clearly ; causa obscuritate involute, Cic cern clearly the faults of others ; in alienis vitiis acutum
Cic.
lis

Sen.

CLEANLINESS.

*.

Munditia, Cic.

mundities, Catull.

CLEANLY, a. Mundus. CLEANNESS, s. Munditia; mundities. To CLEANSE, v. a. Purgare expurgare ; mundare ; To cleanse a vessel; detergere purificare, Plin. Cell. vas eluere To cleanse a water-course ; fossam tergere, To cleanse the blood; sanCol., luto expedire, Caes. guinem purgare. CLEANSER, s. Qui purgat, &c. (Mundator, purgator,
; ; ;

V. Honestly, without reserve or subtercernere, Hor. fuge ; candide ; non dissimulanter ; palam et aperte. CLEARNESS, s. 1. Brightness, splendour; claritas ; lumen splendor ; nitor Clearness of the air or sky ;
;

serenitas,

Cic.

diei apricitas,

or hilaritas, Col.

II.

are found only in very late writers.) CLEAR, a. I. .Bright; clarus; lucidus ; purus; II. TransTo grow clear; nitescere. splendidus. parent ; perlucidus ; pellucidus ; perlucens ; Cic A clear spring ; Clear water ; aqua limpida, Col. fons illimis, Ov. III. Serene; serenus; lucidus ; purus. A clear sky ; ccelum serenum ; purum, sc. ccelum, Hor. A clear night; nox lucida, Plaut. ; nox sideribus IV. Perspicuous; planus ; perspicuus. illustris, Tac. A clear statement ; perspicua et dilucida narratio. V. Evident ; manifest ; clarus ; manifestus ; perspicuus ; It is clear ; constat; liquet: perspicuum evidens; Cic est ; Cic. Nothing is more clear; nihil explicatius, Cic. His right, or title, is clear ; ejus causa in controversiam vocari npn potest, Cic. TO make a matter rem perspicuam facere, Cic. VI. Irreproachclear able; omni reprehensione carens ; probatissimus ; Cic. ; labe carens, Ov. ; integer; castus. VII. Free from imputed guilt ; a culpa remotus ; innocens; Cic.; sceleris innocens, Tac. ; sceleris, or scelere, insons, Liv. ; puTo be clear from a fault ; culpa carere, or rus, Hor. / have vacare ; extra culpam esse ; abesse a culpa ; Cic a clear conscience ; nullius. ego mihi culpae sum conscius, VIII. Sonorous ; clarus ; canorus ; liquidus ; Cic. A clear voice ; vox liquida, Cic., or limpida, lirapidus. Plin That makes the voice clear ; id vocis splendorem IX. Thin ; rarus. X. Open and unenaffert, Plin. XI. Without danger; tucumbered; (campus) purus. tus. To keep clear of (any thing hurtful) ; vitare ; devitare ; declinare a re; rem fu'gere ; or, a re effugere, Cic. XIL Without deduction ; purus quid possit ad dominos
:

; perspicuitas, Plin. ; perluciditas, Vitr. : Clearness of water ; aquae (of a liquid) ; Ifmpitudo, Plin Vitr. III. Distinctness ; (of the raritas, pellucida voice) ; claritas vocis, Cic. (of the vision) ; claritas visus, or oculorum, Plin. (of the understanding) ; perspicuitas ; IV. perspicacitas ; perspicacia ; perspicientia ; Cic. With clearEvidence ; evidentia ; perspicuitas, Cic ness ; evidenter, Liv. ; clare j perspicue ; manifesto ;

Transparence

manifesto; Cic.

CLEAR-SIGHTED,

a.

Perspicax

own
Cic.

To be clear-sighted with intelligens. interests ; suam rem sapere, Plaut. sua videre, Phaedr.
CLEAR-SIGHTEDNESS,
s.

rerum, or in rebus, regard to one's


;

plurimum

in re

Perspicientia; perspicacitas;

To CLEARSTARCH,
Cato,

v. a.

Linteum amylo imbuere,

CLEARSTARCHER. s. Qui (quae) linteum amylo imbuit. CLEARSTARCHING, s. Lintei amylo imbuendi cura. To CLEAVE, v. n. i. e. To adhere, stick fast to ; (to a
thing) ; rei, ad rem, or in re, inhaerere, adhaerere (to a person) ; alicui se adjungere, or astringere ; se ad alicujus amicitiam applicare ; alicui se dedere, or addicere ; aliHis soul cleaves unto her ; mucujus fortunarn sequi lieri animum adjungit, Ter. : (to a study or pursuit) ; rei studere, studium dare, or se addicere ; ad rem animum
:

appellere, Cic.

diffindere
rire,

v. a. i. e. To divide with violence ; findere ; To cleave the head ; caput ferro apesecare. To cleave To cleave rocks ; silices rumpere the air; ae'rem perrumpere, Cic.: (in flying); pennis To cleave the flood; undas, or aethera secare, Virg.

To

CLEAVE,
;

Juv

suora, secare, Virg. I. One who cleaves ; qui findit, &c. ; CLEAVER. *. II. A butcher's chopping-knife ; securicula, lector. Plin. ; grandior culter.

CLEAVING-STONE
CLEAVING-STONE, s. Schistus, Plin. CLEF. s. (In music) ; notarum musicarum index. A little cleft; CLEFT. *. Rima; fissum ; fissura
rimula. CLEFT or CLOVEN, a. Fissus ; diffissus. Cleft or cloven in two; in duas partes diVisus, Cic. ; hifidus, Plin. Plin. Ov. three) ; bifidatus, bisulcus, (In ; ; ; Virg. trifidus, Ov (In many (In four) ; quadrifidus, Virg. parts) i multifidus, Plin.

CLOD
CLOCKWORK,
CLOD.
clod
; s. s.
I.

glebula II. A stupid fellow clods; glebas frangere. Plaut. ; truncus, plumbeus, homo, Cic., CLODDY, a. Glebosus. CLODPATE or CLODPOLL. s. See CLOD. II.

Opus horologicum automaton. A lump of earth ; gleba, ae, f. A little Full of clods ; glebosus To break the
;

bardus,

To CLOG.
esse

v. a.

Impedire

alicui in re
;

impediraento

CLEMENCY,
;

s.
;

dementia, Cic
Cic.

With clemency;

cleanenter

leniter

CLEMENT, a. Clemens, Cic. CLERGY. $. Clerus ; clericus ordo. CLERGYMAN, s. Clericus, i, m.


CLERICAL,
a.'

; rei impedimentum inferre ; Cic. fatigare, Ov. I. A shackle for the feet ; CLOG. s. compes, edis, m. To put clogs on a horse's feet; equo compedes imII. A hinder ance ; impedimentum ; pingere, Plaut.

frenum.
solea lignea.

III.
s.

kind of half shoe ; .ligneus calceus


I.

Ecclesiasticus
I.

clericus.

CLERK,

s.

A scholar ; rfoctus ; eruditus ; literatus. A great clerk; ^erdoctus ; pereruditus ; doctissimus ; eruditissimus ; omni doctrina ornatissimus ; artibus et doctrinis instrucIII. A man employed as a writer; tissimus; Cic. scriba, ae, m. ; librarius ; Cic. ; amanuensis, Suet. ; a manu, ab epistolis (sc. servus). CLERKSHIP, a. i. e. The office of a writer ; scribal munus ; scriptus, fts, Liv. ; (scribatus, us, Cod. Just.) To be a clerk ; scriptum facere, Liv.
CLEVER,
a.

A clergyman;

clericus,

i,

m.

II.

Solers

solers subtilisque, Cic.; callidus

Clever in business ; rerum gerendarum peritus, dexter Clever in any particular Cic.; rerum callidus, Hor. matter ; rei habilis ; ad rem, or rei, aptus ; ad rem idoHe is a clever man in his profession or buneus, Cic. siness ; vir est in arte sua ; rem percallet. CLEVERLY, ad. Solerter ; dextere ; callide.

CLEVERNESS, s. Solertia dexteritas ;. calliditas, Cic. I. A ball of silk, S;c.; glomus, i. CLEW or CLUE. s. ; glomus, eris, n., Plin. ; (bombyx) in orbes II. Guide ; dux quod viam praemonstrat. g^lomerata. I. One who has put himself under the proCLIENT, s. in potentioris fidem ac se tection of another ; cliens qui clientelam se contulit, Cic A female client; clienta, ae, II. One who has applied to an advocate Hor. f., Plaut. for counsel and defence ; qui causam patrono commisit. CLIENTSHIP. s. Clientela. CLIFF. *. I. A steep rock ; rupes praerupta ; scopulus. A cliffy shore ; prominens et abruptum litus. II. (In music); see CLEF. CLIMACTERIC or CLIMACTERICAL. a. Climactericus, A climactcrical year ; climacter, eris, m., Plin. Ep Plin.; annus climactericus. CLIMATE or CLIME, s. I. A region; regio ; trac;

m., Hor.

Cic. ; ora ; plaga, ae, f., Plin. ; (clima, atis, is II. Temperature; used only by very late writers.).
tus, us
;

A thort cloak; pallong cloakj pallium talare. Wearing II. Fig. Pre; paenulatus ; sagatus. The text; species; invplucrum ; velamentum ; larva cloke of religion; pietatis larva, or simulatio. To CLOKE. v. a. i. e. To hide, conceal ; tegere ; occultare ; dissimulare aliquid. CLOKE-BAG or CLOAK-BAG, s. Hippopera, ae, f., Sen. I. To shut; claudere ; occludere. To CLOSE, v. a. To close a wound; cicatricem vulneri inducere, Cels. ; To close the eyes perducere vulnus ad cicatricem, Plin. (of one dead) ; oculos claudere, or premere, Virg., or II. To conclude, inclinare, Propert. ; see To SHUT. finish ; concludere ; absolvere ; terminare ; finire ; rei finem facere, or imponere ; Cic. To close a business or matter ; negotium conficere, Cic. ; rem concludere, Ter. To close a letter ; epistolam concludere, Cic To close a discourse,; institutae orationis exitum expedire, Cic. To close an account ; rationem conficere. III. To close up (the avenues to a place) ; omnem aditum ad locum obstruere, Cic. IV. To close in ; see To INCLOSE. To CLOSE, v. n. I. To coalesce; coalescere ; conII. To close with, I. To grapple with an glutinari. enemy ; venire ad arma, or ad manus. 2. To come to an agreement; cum aliquo transigere, pacisci, or pactionem facere; Cic. CLOSE, s. I. A place inclosed; septum ; clausum ; II. A conclusion, end; finis ; sepimentum ; claustrum. extremum ; extrema pars The close vf a business or
sagum
little

monastery, a nunnery ; clanstrum ; mpnasterium, Sidon. ; ccenobium. II. A peristyle, piazza ; peristylium. To CLOISTER, v. a. In monasterium impingere. CLOISTERAL. a. Monasticus ; ccenobiticus. I. An outer garment; CLOKE or CLOAK. 5. pallium ; penula lacerna A military or travelling cloak;

CLOISTER,

lium breve.

cloak ; palliolum

a cloak;

palliatus

ccelum.

Gradatio, Cic. or CLIMB UP. v. n. (In arbprem, montem, &c.) ascendere ; reptando ascendere; in altitudinem To climb up to the top of a mountain; in assurgere. verticem montis eniti. I. To hold in the To CLINCH or CLENCH, v. a. To hand with the fingers bent over it ; manu corripere clinch the fist; colaphum, or pugnum, facere ; manum on the a nail bend Cic. II. To of ; point comprimere III. the other side; clavi cuspidem retundere, Cic. To confirm, fix ; firmare ; confirmare ; stabilire ; roborare ; Cic.
*.

CLIMAX.

To CLIMB

The close affair ; negotii_confectio ; rei exitus, its, Cic. of a discourse'; conclusio ; peroratio ; clausula ; Cic The close of a play ; fabulaa peractio, Cic At or towards the close of a year ; anno extremo or exeunte, Cic. ; anni At the close of summer ; affecta jam extremo, Tac At the close of the campaign, aestivis conaestate, Cic. At the close of the third book; in extremo fectis, Cic tertio libro, Cic At the close of the letter; in extrema Near its close ; paene confectus. parte epistolae, Cic I. Shut fast; clausus. CLOSE, a. II. Confined; To keep one close ; rei, re, in rem, or in re, inclusus.
Close, i. e. under lock and A close prisoner ; carcere arete inclusus. III. Solid ; densus ; spissus confertus. A close battalion ; confertum agmen. Close ranks ; IV. Concise; pressus ; adstrictus densati ordines. To have a close style ; presse, or strictim, dicere, Cic.

CLINCH, s. i. e. A pun, an ambiguity ; verbum ambiguum ; ambiguitas ; ex ambiguo dictum ; Cic. ; vox duplicem habens intellectum, Quint. CLINCHER, s. i. e. A holdfast; ferrea fibula, Caes. ;
ferrea ansa, Vitr. To CLING, v. n.
rere.

aliquem interclusum tenere key ; clave servatus, Hor

V. Contiguous, near;
Rei, ad rem, or in re, adhaerere, inhse;

rei,

or

cum

re,

continens;

See To CLEAVE. CLINGY, a. Glutinosus CLINIC or CLINICAL, a.


f.

prope
close

Close to any one; prope aliquem, or ab aliquo. Close to Rome; prope urbem Romam. To fight' in

sequax.
Clinicus
Clinical science;

clmice, es,

To CLINK, v. n. Tinnire. CLINK, s. Tinnimentum, Plaut. ; tinnitus, us, Virg. To CLIP. v. a. I. To hug, embrace; implicare in II. complexum, Catull. ; ambire complexibus, Ov. To shear; tondere III. To tonsitare. detondere
; ;

To come to a close combat; cominus pugnare. engagement ; ad manum, or ad manus, venire, Cic., or VI. Narrow ; accedere, Nep. ; in manus venire, Sail. arctus angustus. Close alleys or walks; viarum anA close coat; astrictius eagum. VII. Intigustiae mate ; conjunctus To live on terms of the closestfriendship with one ; cum aliquo conjunctissime vivere, Cic
;

cut off"; caedere ; praecidere ; abscindere ; resecare ; desecare ; recidere. IV. To shorten, diminish; decurtare ; curtare. CUPPINGS, s. pi. Segmina, pi. ; recisamenta, pi.

CLOAK. CLOCK,

See CLOKE.
s.
I.

A timepiece. ;

horologium horologium
;

rods instructum. The clock has stopped ; horologium silet. The clock goes well; horologium habet justum To wind up a clock ; horomotum, or bene movetur A clock case; theca horologii logium intendere what o'clock is it ? hora quota est ? It is one o'clock ; hora prima est. It is past three o'clock; tertia hora aiulitaest. It is near six o'clock; sexta adest hora CLOSE-FISTED or CLOSE-HANDED, a. See CLOSE, a. XI. It is six o'clock To II. (Of a stocking) ; CLOSELY, ad. I. Nearly ; prope ; de proximo ; sexta est hora. cuneus, i, m. follow one closely; vestigiis alicujus instare, premere CLOCKMAKER. s. Horologiorum opifex, or fabricator. To look into any thin% closely ; rem prope intueri; rem CLOCKMAKINO. *. Ars horologica ; ars efficiendi ho- attentius inspicere, Cic. Secretly ; clam ; latenter ^
;

He was united to him by the closest lies offriendship ; illi arctissimis amicitiae vinculis conjunctus est, Cic. VIII. Reserved; sui obtegens, Tac.; tectus ; homo recondita natura ; Cic. IX. Attentive; attentus ; intenttfs ; deditus To give close attention to study ; toto animo literis se dedere ; literis assidue uti ; toto pectore, or tota mente omnique an'ini impetu, in studium incumbere ; Cic To give close attention to any matter; rei attentum se praebere ; ad rem aniTnum intendere, or mentem admovere Close study; animi applicatio, or X. Dark (applied tothe weather); teccoutentio, Cic. tus ; opacus opertus. XI. Parsimonious ; ad hirgiendum restrictior ; tenax , Cic. ; parcus et tenax, Ter.

rologia.

occulto; secreto.

55

CLOSENESS
CLOSENESS,
pinqiritas
tas,
;

CLOUT
;

Ter.

vicinitas ; proII. Secrecy, reserve; taciturniproximitas. III. Parsimony; niraia parsimonia, Ter. :
s.

s,

I.

Nearness; vicinia

omnium abundantia
cui

abunde CLOUT.
,

tenacitas, Liv.

That lives in clover; vivere, Cic adsunt omnia, Cic. I. cloth for any mean purpose;

CLOT. s. Globus, i, m. To CLOT, v Abire in globes ; globari parvis orbibus ; Plin. CLOTH, s, I. Any thing woven for dress or covering; textile, is, n., Liv. pannus, Hor. tela cannabina,
.

Sella familiaris, or familiarica. CLOSET, s. Conclave, is, n., Ter. ; secretius cubicuTo retire into one's closet; in conclave se lum, Suet committere, Cic. ~

CLOSES-TOOL,

II. ClouU ; paunus. III. An iron (swaddling clothes) fasciae, arum, pi. plate to keep an axle-tree from wearing ; ferrea lamina. To CLOUT, v.a. Vestes reccncinnare, or interpolate ; laceram vestem panniculis assutis resarcire, Cic.

peni-

culus; peniculum; penicillum


;

or linea Cotton-cloth ; tela e filo xylino texta Cloth Cloth of silver ; tela argentea, or of gold ; tela aurea. Fine cloth; tenuissimum linum ; ex argento textili Coarse cloth; pannus tela e lino tenuissimo, Cic. Cerecloth ; tela incerata To make crassus et vilis cloth ; telam texere, Ter. ; villos ovium contexere, Cic. The manufacture of cloth ; pannorum laneorum texlinen spread upon the table; II. A tura, Cic. piece of To lay the cloth ; menlinteum quo mensa insternitur To remove the cloth; mensam sam linteo insternere III. Covering of a bed; stragulum; linteo nudare. stragula vestis, Cic. ; toral, alis, n., Hor. ; lodix, icis, f., Juv. ; lodicula, ae, f., Suet. ; pi. lintea, orum, n., Mart. I. To invest with garments ; alicui To CLOTHE, v. a. vestem, or aliquem veste, inducere, Ter. ; vestire, Plaut. Clothed in purple; purClothed; vestitus ; indutus II. To provide Clothed in black ; atratus. puratus. III. To inwith clothes; alicui vestem prsebere, Cic. vest (as with clothes) ; induere; vestire ; contegere ; convestire { rem re inducere. CLOTHES, s. pi. Vestis ; vestitus, us ; vestimentum ; women's clothes; vestitus, or haMen's clothes Cic Old clothes ; vestis obsoleta bitus, virilis, muliebris Mourning clothes ; vestis lugubris, Ter. ; lugubre vestiTo put on mentum, Cic. ; lugubria, ium, n. pi., Sen. one's clothes; induere sibi vestem, Plaut. ; induere vesTo take, off tem, or se veste, Ter. ; vestem sumere, Cic To take one's clothes; vestes ponere, deponere, or exuere off the clothes of another person; alicui vestem, or vestimenta, detrahere ; vestes, or aliquem vestibus, exuere A master To 'change one's clothes ; vestem mutare, Ter is bound to provide his slave with clothes ; dominus servo debet vestiarium, Sen. Bed-clothes; see CLOTH, III. The work or trade of a CLOTHIER, s. Panni opifex. clothier ; pannorum laneorum textura, Cic.

CLOWN, s. I. rustic; rusticus ; agrestis ; rushomo ; Cic. M. coarse, ill-bred man; homo III. An actor in farce* rusticus, agrestis, inurbanus. and pantomimes ; alapista. CLOWNISH, a. Rusticus ; agrestis ; inhumanus ; inurbanus < illepidus Somewhat clownish; rusticulus ; gubrusticus ; subagrestis, Cic. CLOWNISHNESS. s. Rusticitas ; rustici mores ; Ulepida,
ticanus

or inurbana, agendi ratio. To CLOY. a. Aliquem re saturare, or explere, in re satiare, rei satietate afficere ; rei satietatem alicui afferre; Cic.
.

that carries a club; claviger, eri, m., Ov. ; II. An assembly of companions ; soclayator, Plaut. dalitium ; sodales, um, pi. ; sodalitas A literary club ; doctorum consessus, us He does not belong to our club ; Insodalibus nostris non est, Plaut. III. Share of a reckoning; symbola, ae, f., Ter.; collecta, ae, f., Cic To pay one's club ; collectam dare, Ter To collect the club; collectam a singulis exigere, Cic

CLUB.

s.

I.

One

A heavy stick ;

clava,

ae,

f.

fustis, is,

That pays his club; symbolae collator, Plaut

Thai

does not pay his club ; asymbolus, Ter. To X^LUB. v. n. Pecunias in commune conferre, Cic. CLUB-FOOT, s. Pes in obtusum contractus Clnbfooted; pravis talis male fultus, Hor. To CLUCK (as a hen), v. n. Glocire, Cic.; (glocitare, Fest.).

CLUCKING, s. Nutricis gallinse singultus, us, Col. CLUE. s. See CLEW. CLUMP. *. I. A shapeless mass; rudis massa
moles,
is, f.

II.

cluster (of trees)


;

silvula.

CLUMSILY, ad. Rustice; incondite; ineleganter, Cic.;


illepide. Plin.

Invenuste, Cell. inepte parum dextre. s. Solertiae parum non magna solertia. CLUMSY, o. Dexteritatis expers rei parum habilis. A clumsy air or gait ; incompositus corporis habitus,
;

CLUMSINESS,

us.

CLUSTER,
copia
;

s.

Acervus

vis.

CLOTHING, s. See CLOTHES. CLOTTED, or CLOTTY, a. Coagulatus.


not Latin.)

(Grumosus

is

cemus. In clusters ; cumulatim acervatim. To CLUSTER, v. a. Coacervare ; accumulare


;

; coacervatio ; congeries ; strues ; cluster of grapes, ivy-berries, $c. ; ra-

Cic.

acervare, Plin.
I.

collection of vapours in the air; nubes, is, f. ; nubilum ; also, nebula, which means provapour or mist, is used by the poets in the sense perly, A little cloud f nubecula. A cloud, fig.,'i. e. of cloud.] any thing which hinders the view ; nubes ; nubecula ;
s.

CLOUD,

To CLUTCH,
II.

v.a. I. To grasp ; manu corripere. To double the hand; manum comprimere ; pug-

num, or colaphum, facere. CLUTCH, s. i.e. Grasp, seizure; captura;


us.

cloud of sorrow; nubes; nubecula; tristitia. A cloud (of birds A cloud of dust; nubes pulveris A cloud of witnesses ; caterva flying, S(C.) ; magna vis. A !>ky without clouds; innubilis aether, Lucr.; testium To scatter the clouds ; nubila aer sine nubibus, Ov A cloud without rain; aridior, or vadetergere, Hor. To extol to the clouds ; summis cua, nubes, Lucr.; Sen. To lose laudibus efferre, Cic. ; ad ccelum tollere, Hor one's self in the clouds; nubes et inania captare, Hor.
caligo
II. A dark spot on precious stones, $c.; nubes; nubecula; Plin. I. To darken or cover with clouds ; To CLOUD, v. a. nubilum inducere ; nubila conducere, inducere, obducere ccelum obducere nubibus ; nubilare, Varr. (Nubilare, in this sense, is found only in Paulin. Nol., Carm.
;

from

captus, To save Clutches, pl., manus, pi.; ungues, pi one's clutches ; rem e manibus extorquere, Cic. CLUTTER, s. Tumultus, us ; turba. To CLUTTER, v. n. Tumultuari ; turbas facere ; Cic. CLYSTER, s. To use a Clyster, eris, m., Plin To administer a clyster; uti alvi ductione, Cels. clyster ; alvum clystere ducere.

To COACERVATE.
;

v. a.

Coacervare

accumulare

congerere

Cic.; acervare, Plin.

II. x. 37. ; obnubilare occurs only in late writers.) Fig. To obscure ; rem obscurare ; rei caliginem inducere, noctem, or tenebras, offundere, or obducere ; Cic. CLOUD-CAPT. a. Nubifer, Ov. I. Cloudy or overcast weather; nuCLOUDINESS. 5. bilum, i, n. ; ccelum nebulosum, or caliginosum, Cic. II. Obscurity; obscuritas; tenebra? ; caligo. CLOUDLESS, a. Innubilis ; innubis ; sine nubibus cloudless sky; sudum ; ccelum purum, or serenum, Cic. ; innubilis aether, Lucr. ; aer sine nubibus, Ov.

coach ; rheda meritoria. A stage-coach ; conflass uctitia rheda citatior. COACHFUL. s. Qui simul rheda sedent, or vehuntur. COACH-HOUSE, s. Rhedae receptaculum.

COACERVATION. s. Coacervatio ; accumulatio ; Cic. COACH, s. Currus, us; rheda; Cic. ; carruca, Mart.; A coach and pair; bigae, arum, pi., pilentum, Virg A coach and Virg. ; rheda juncta duobus equis, Cic four rheda juncta quatuor equis quadriga, Col Coach-horses ; equi rhedarii The body of a coach ; rhedse capsus, Vitr. To put the horses into a coach ; To drive a coach s aurigare, equos rhedae jungere Suet. ; aurigari, Varr To ride a coach; curru vehi. A hackney-coach; rheda conductitia. A livery or
, ;

COACHMAKER. s. Rhedarum opifex. COACHMAN, s. Hhedarius, Cic. auriga,


;

32,

m., Ov.

aurigarius, Suet.

Covered with clouds; nubilus nunubibus obductus subnubilus bilans caliginosus Cloudy weather ; nubilum ccelum nebulosum, or caligiIn cloudy weather; nubilo. The sky is nosum, 'Cic. Cloudy mornings turn to cloudy; aer nubilat, Varr. fair evenings ; non si male nunc, et olim sic erit, Hor. obscurus II. Dark, obscure ; tenebrosus, teneSomewhat cloudy; subobscurus, Cic A bricosus III. cloudy colour; nubilus, or surdus, color, Plin. tristis. nubilus Gloomy; I. A spice; caryophyllum, Plin. CLOVE, s. II., One of the parts into which gar lick separates; Mllii stica, Col. ; allii nucleus, Plin. CLOVEN, a. See CLEFT.

CLOUDY,
;

a.

I.

COACTION. s. Coactus, us, Cic. COACTIVE. a. Qui cogendi jus habet. COADJUTOR, s. Adjutor ; fern, adjutrix ; Cic. To COAGULATE, v. a. To coagulate Coagulare milk; lac induritiem cogere, Plin.

To COAGULATE,
.

v. n.

Concrescere, Virg.

in den-

sitatem coire, Plin.

COAGULATION. *. Coagulatio, Plin. A dead coal ; carbo. A COAL. Carbo, onis, m live or burning coal; pruna ; carbo candens. Of or
belonging
to coal ;

carbonarius.

COAL-HOLE or COAL-HOUSE, s. Cella carbonaria. COAL-MAN, COAL-MERCHANT, s. Carbonarius, i, m.


COAL-MINE, COAL-PIT, s. Fodina carbonaria. To COALESCE, v. n. Coalescere ; coire. COALITION. & Multarum gentium adversus unam
coitio.

CLOVEN-FOOTED or CLOVEN-HOOFED, a. Bisulcus. CLOVER, s. Trifolium To live in clover; rerum


66

COARSE
COARSE, a. cnissum Slum.
pidus
I.

COCKSWAIN
4 coarse

Not fine ; crassus

thread;
II.

Coarse cloth; tela crassa.

Not

inurbanus ; rusticus ; agrestis ; illerefined, unpolished; III. Mean, vile; vilis ; nullius pretti. rudis. ;

COARSELY,
illepide
;

ad.

Inurbane

incondite

ineleganter

COCKSWAIN, s. Navis gubernator, or rector. COCOA-NUT, s. Amygdala theombroma Cocoa-tree theombroma, ae, f. COD or COD-FISH, s. Asellus ; capito, onis, m. COD. s. i. e. A husk ; siliqua, as, f., Plin. valvulus, i,
,;

invenuste.
; ;

m., Col.

I. (Of substance) ; crassitude. COARSENESS, s. Cic. ; II. (Of manners) rusticitas; rustici mores COAST, s. Of or beLitus, oris, n ; oramaritima.

To CODDLE,
CODE.
s.

v. a.

Incoquere aqua ferventi, Plaut.


;

incoquere cum^aqua, Col.

fervefacere.
pi.

Codex,
s.

icis,

m.
orum,
;

The inhalonging to the coast; litoralis ; litoreus. bitants of that coast; gentes quae mare illud adjacent. To COAST, v. n. Litus radere, premere, stringere, or Coasting vessels; orariae naves, legere; oram legere. Plin. ; naves ad navigationem litoralem aptatae. COASTER, s. Navarchus litorum peritus.
COASTING, s. Secundum litus navigatio. WearI. An upper garment ; tunica COAT. 5. To turn coat ; ab aliquo deing a coat ; tunicatus A coat of mail; lorica hamis ticere, or desciscere. Cic. II. The covering of an animal; pilus, conserta, Virg. That has a coat; villus, i, m. ; setae, arum, pi., Cic.
setosus
;

CODICIL,

Codicilli,

To

COEQUAL, a. COERCE,

JEqualis
v. a.

qiiem coercere, Cic. ; coercitionem inhibere, Ltv.

(coaequalis, Petron.). in officio continere ; alior cohibere ; alicui fraenos inhibere ;

Aliquem

COERCION,
cendi
vis.

s.

Illata vis, Cic.

coercitio, Liv.

coer-

COERCIVE, a. COESSENTIAL.

Qui jus aut vim habet coercendi.

a. Ejusdem naturas, or essentiae. COETANEOUS or COEVAL, a. Ejusdem aetatis ; aequalis. COEXISTENT, a. Ejusdem aevi.

To

COAT.

villosus. v. a.

i.'e.

contegere, cooperire. crustas marmoris inducere, Vitr. ; parietes marmore inducere, Sen. ; parietes crustare, Plin. To COAX. v. n. Aliquem blanditiis, or blando ser-

To cover's rem re tegere, vestire, To coat with marble ; parietibus

COFFEE, s. Cafaeum, i, n. ; faba Arabica Boiled A coffee-house; cafaea taberna. coffee; Cafaeus liquor. A coffee-pot ; cucuma coquendo cafseo idonea A coffeetree ; coffea Arabica, Linn.

COFFER,
capsula

s.

mone,

delinire, Cic.; alicui blandiri, palpari, suppalpari,


;

blande palpari, Plaut.


alicui blanditias dicere,

alicujus
;

animo adrepere, Tac.

Ov. COAXER. s. Palpator, Plaut. palpo, onis, m., Pers. COAXING, s. Blanditiae, arum, pi. blandimentum. COB. s. Homo probe peculiatus, Cic. I. To mend shoes ; calceis solum To COBBLE, v. a.
;

coriaceum, or fulmenta, subjicere, or suppingere, Plaut. M. To do or make any thing clumsily ; opus crasse Cobbled work ; opus invenustum et et illepide facere. illepidum, Catull. ; opus crasse et illepide compositum,

aararium regium. COFFIN, s. Capulum, or capulus, funebris, Plaut. ; capulus, Ov. ; sandapila, ae, f., Mart. ; Juv. ; feretrum ; loculus ; Plin. To carry a coffin; feretro subire, Virg. To COFFIN, v. a. Mortuum loculo condere, Plin. ; mortuum capulo funebri includere. To COG. v. a. and n. See To FLATTER. To cog the dice; tesseras adulterare. COG (of a wheel), s. Rotas dens.

The king's

coffer coffers ;

A little coffer; arcula; Area; capsa. for money ; theca nummaria, Cic

COGENCY,
Cic.

s.

Vis

pondus,
;

eris,

n.

momentum,
;

Hor. Sutor veteramentarius, Suet. ; cerdo, COBBLER. 5. onis, m., Mart. COBIRON. s. Fulcimentum ligni in camino. COBWEB, s. Araneac tela, textum, or opus, Plaut.; aranea, ae, f. ; aranea, orum, pi. ; Catull. ; aranei tenuia Full of cobwebs ; plenus aranearum, Cafila. Suet. To remove cobwebs; Like a cobweb; araneosus. tull. aranearum opera dejicere, Plaut. ; aranea tollere, Phasdr. COCHINEAL, s. Coccinilla, ae, f.

COGENT,
urgens
;

a.

Qui vim habet

qui valet, &c.

efficax

validus.

Efficienter, Cic. ; efficaciter, Plin. To COGITATE, v. n. Cogitare ; rem meditari ; considerare secum in animo ; rem, or de re, cogitare ; rem in

COGENTLY, ad.

animo habere

rem secum, or cum animo,


5.

COGITATION.

volvere. Cogitatio; mentis actio; Cic.

See

THOUGHT.
COGNATION, s. Cognatio, Cic. COGNITION. <s. Cognitio ; notio ; notitia Cic. COGNIZANCE, s. I. Judicial notice; cognitio. To This take cognizance of a thing ; de re cognoscere, Cic. does not fall under my cognizance ; non vertitur ea res in meo foro, Plaut. To give the cognizance of a matter To take to any one ; tei cognitionem alicui dare, Cic
;

COCHLEARY or CocHLEATED.
tus, or ductus.

In "spiram convolu-

I. The male to the lien ; gallus, Cic. ; COCK. s. A Turgallus gallinaceus, Plaut.; gallinaceus, Plin. A heath-cock; key-cock; gallus Indicus; gallopavo To be silvestris. ; ; gaucock-a-hoop triumphare gallus A story of a cock dio, or laetitia, exsultare ; supcrbire. and a bull; sermo qui nee caput nee pedes habet, Cic. To tell a story of a cock and a bull ; aliena loqui, II. A weatherOv A cock's comb; crista galli. III. cock; bractea versatilis ; bracteola venti index. A spout to let out water at will : epistomium, Varr

it

away ; rem

II.

alicujus cognitipne subtrahere, Plin.


is, n.
;

badge ; insigne,
0.
.

signum

indicium.

COGNOMINAL. COGNOSCIBLE.
agnosci, potest
;

Ejusdem nominis.
Qui
(quas,

quod) cognosci, nosci, or


;

To

COHABIT,

cognoscendus. v. n. Una, or in eodem loco, habitare

The key of a cock;


notch of

papilla,

ae,

f.,

Varr.

an arrow ; crena, as, f. ; incisura, se, The part of the lock of a gun that strikes with the
elater,
eris,

IV. The f. V.
flint ;

VII. A leader ; dux; magister ; caput; coryphaeus. To put hay into cock; heap of hay ; fceni meta, Col. fceni metas facere, Col. ; foenum in metas exstruere. VIII. The form of a hat; forma, 32, f., or fulcrum, pilei. I'X. The style of a dial ; acus horarum index ; gno-

momentum;

m.

spira,

as,

f.

VI.

(cohabitare, Augustin.). COHEIR or COHEIRESS, s. Cohaeres, edis, c., Cic. To COHERE, v. n. I. To stick together ; cohaerere; rei, cum re, or inter se, cohaarere ; inter se cohasrescere ; Cic. II. To agree; convenire ; congruere ; conci-

nere; Cic.

COHERENCE.

5.

I.

Connexion; cohaerentia.

II.

mon,
n.
;

m., Vitr.

Umbrae indagator ; sciatheras, ae, onis, m., Plin. X. The needle of a balance ; examen, inis, aequamentum ; libramentum ; aequilibrium ; Plin. XI. The male of any small bird; mas, maris, m. ;
;

Texture of a discourse; connexio, Cic. ; connexus, 113, There is no coheQuint. ; conjunctio contextus, us. rence in the discourse; sermo non cohaeret; membra illius orationis inter se non cohasrent, or connexa, sunt ;
;

Cic.
I. Sticking fast together ; cohasrens. a. Consistent; qui sibi constat ; qui cohaeret; cujus inter se et connexae. sunt aptae partes I. The act of sticking together ; cohasCOHESION, s. rentia. II. Connexion, dependence ; rerum connexio ; conjugatio ; colligatio ; coagmentatio ; Cic. COHESIVE, a. Qui cohaerere potest ; qui .inter se co-

COHERENT,
II.

masculus.

To COCK.
incedere.

v. n. i.e.

To

strut

superbe, or arroganter,

set erect; erigere; relevare. II. To put hay into cocks ; fceni metas facere, Col. ; foenum iu metas exstruere. III. To cock a gun\
I.

To COCK.
;

v.a.

To

luerere possunt.

tendere

intendere.

COHORT,
COIF.
s.

s.

Cohors,

ortis,

f.,

Liv.
;

COCKADE. 5. Vitta nodo adstricta. COCKATRICE, s. Basilicus, I, m., Plin. COCKBOAT, s. Scapha; lembus ; acutium. COCKCHAFER, s. Scarabaeus stridulus, Plin. COCKCROWING. s. Cantus (us) galli; (gallicinium, Ammian.). To COCKER, v. a. Molliter, or mollius, habere de;

Capitis tegmen, or integumentum Juv. se, f., ; reticulum, To COIL. v.a. In orbes glomerare. COIL. 5. Spira, ae, f. ; funis orbiculatus.
Cic.

calantica,

licatum habere

COCKERING,
inepta lenitas.

s.

indulgere. Indulgentia

blanditiae,
;

arum,
ovans
;

pi.

COCKHORSE,
COCKLE,

a.

Exsultans

triumphans

lae-

titia elatus.

Plin.

weed growing amongst corn ; lolium ; a?ra, 3D, To COCKLE, v. n. Replicari in rugas, Plin. COCKLOFT, s. Proxima tegulis contignatio.
57

s. I. A small testaceous fish ; pectunculus, II. Cockle-shell; pectunculi concha, or testa.


f.

1. A piece of money ; nummus, 'i, m., s. nummus forma publica percussus, Sen. ; moneta, Mart. Coppercom; aes signatum. Silver coin ; II. Money; nummi, orum, pi. argentum signatum. Good coin; nummi bom, Gold coin ; nummi aurei. Old or probi, Cic Base coin ; nummi adulteri, Cic Light coin, not current; moneta nullius commercii. subtraction! est, e nonnihil moneta cui pondere coin; Plin To pay in the same coin; par pari referre. I. To stamp metals for money ; numTo COIN. v.a. cudere monetam mos signare, ferire, procudere. ; II. Coined silver ; argentum" factum atque signatum. To invent i procudere ; fingere ; novare.

COIN.
;

Cic.

ae, f.,

COINAGE
COINAGE.
.

COLLECT
orura, pi.;
:

I.

rum
neta,

The act of coining money ; nummo-

signatio.
as, f.

II.

Money; minimi,

mo(of

COINCIDENCE, s. I. A meeting together; concursus, II. An accident, hap ; res casu obvia. us; concursio. By a lucky coincidence ; forte fortuna ; opportune ; feliciter ; auspicate By an unlucky coincidence ; infeliciter; importune; incommode. COINCIDENT, a. Consentaneus ; consonus conveniens. COINER. s. I. A minter > signator nummorum ; qui nummos cudit ; (monetarius, Jul. Firm.) A false coiner ; signator nummorum adulterinorum ; qui cudit adulterinos nummos. II. An inventor; repertor; inventor ; excogitator (in a bad sense) ; machinator ; faA coiner of words; verborum opibricator; artifex
'

To COINCIDE, v.n. things); concurrere.

(Of persons); consentire

fex, Cic.

COITION,

s.
s.

Coitio
s.
I.

concursus, us
i,

concursio.

COLANDER,
COLATION. COLD, at
Cold (as

Colum,

n.
ae, f.
;

Colatura,

ice)

The contrary of hot ; frignlus algidug. ; gelidus. Very cold ; perfrigidus ;

To grow cold; frigescere ; refrigescere praegelidus To be very cold ; algere. It is To be cold ; frigere. It is so cold, that ; tantum est frigus, cold; frigus est ut (with a conjunctive). II. Unconcerned, indifferent ; With a cold frigidus ; tranquillus ; placidus ; sedatus With cold blood; corde air; gelide, Hor. ; fastidiose. sedato ; sedatis animis ; sedate. COLD. s. I. The contrary of heat; frigus, oris, n. Intense cold ; algor. Piercing cold ; frigus penetraModerate cold; frigus remissius, Cic. To ble, Virg. shiver with cold; frigutire, Plaut. ; horrere To be To protect one's stiff with cold; frigore obrigescere, Cic II. A self from the cold; munire se a frigore, Cic. disease caused by cold ; gravedo, inis, f., Cic. ; epiphora, thoracis distillatio ; Plin. ; (rheuma, atis, n., ze, f. ; To .have a cold ; tusses concoquere, Plin Veget.). To catch Suffering from a cold ; rheumaticus, Plin Liable to catch cold; gravedinem contrahere, Plin.

To make such a collection ; um, pi. ; Cell. silvam rerum et sententiarum componere, Cic To collection of choice passages ; ex variis ingeniis excellentissima quaaque libare, Cic. III. A contribution of money i collecta, ae, f., Cic. ; Varr. ; pecuniarum
tiones,

To collect into a heap; accumulare; acercogi ; Cic. vare ; coacervare ; Cic To collect troops ; copias To collect all one's forces; cogere, or colligere, Cic. vires in unum conferre, Liv To collect money ; nummos cogere, Ter To collect tax-money; evocationes, or coactiones, argentarias factitare, Suet. II. To infer as a consequence ; aliquid ex alio concludere, or inferre, Cic To collect falsely ; vitiose concludere, Quint To collect fairly ; bene Hence we may cplligere, Cic. collect; ex his concluditur, infertur, colligere est; Cic. III. To collect one's self ; revocare mentem a sensibus ; at) externis rebus animum et cogitationem avocare ; Cic. : (after a panic) ; se ex timore colligere, Ca;s. ; aniex pavore remitfere, Liv. COLLECT, s. i. e. A sort of prayer i oratio. (Collecta, 32, f., in ecclesiastical writers.) COLLECTION, s. I. The act of gathering ; collectio. II. An assemblage; acervus ; coacervatio ; congeries ; strues. A collection of writings, extracts, fyc. ; collectanea, orum, pi., Suet. ; excerpta, orum, pi. ; excerp-

I. To gather together ; colligere ; To collect congerere; cogere; Cic.; recolligere, Col. the votes ; sententias perrogare, Liv To collect themselves, i. e. to assemble ; coire ; cougregari ; in unum

To

COLLECT,

v. a.

mum

make a

exactio, Cic.

COLLECTIVE, a. Collectivus, Quint. ; Sen. COLLECTIVELY, ad. I. In a collective sense; collective sensu.
II.
.

COLLECTOR.
colligit, in

I.

II. cogit, &c. tax-gatherer ; tributorum coactor To be a collector ; evocationes, or coactiones, argentarias factitare, Suet.

unum

All together; conglobatim, Liv. One who gathers together ; qui

I. A community of persons ; collegium; COLLEGE, s. socii ; societas ; sodalitium. II. A public place in which learning is taught; gymnasium, Cic. ; scholar, arum, pi., To go to, or be at, Quint. ; ludus literarius, Plin. Ep

To give cold; alicui gravedinem cold; gravedinosus afferre, or inducere. COLDISH, a. Frigidulus. COLDLY, ad. Frigide ; cum frigore To receive one coldly ; parum amice aliquem excipere ; frigide aliquem excipere. COLDNESS, s. Frigus, oris, n A great coldness has arisen between them ; refrixit inter eos amor mutuus To evince a coldness towards any one ; minus benevolum erga aliquem animum prae so ferre. COLIC, s. Intestini, or intestini plenioris, morbus, Cels. ; colmn, i, n., Plin. Bilious colic; cholerica torTo be afflicted with the colic ; ex intestino mina, Plin. Subpleniori laborare, Cels. ; torminibus affici, Plin.
ject to the colic ; colicus, Plin.

college ; scholas frequentare, or obire.

COLLEGIAN, s. Qui scholas frequentat, or obit. COLLEGIATE, a. Collegio adscriptus. COLLIER, s. Carbonarius, i, m. COLLIERY. a. Fodina carbonaria. To COLLIQUATE. v. a. Colliquefacerc. COLLISION. *. Collisus, us, Plin. ; (collisio, Justin.). To COLLOCATE, v. a. Rem in loco ponere; locare ;
collocare.
*. Offula, a, f., Mart. ; ofella, ae, f., Col. *. Colloquium, Cic. They have a long diu colloquuntur. To COLLUDE, v. a. Colludere, et praevaricari ; cum adversario colludere ; causa? suae praeyaricari ^ Cic. COLLUSION, s. One Collusio; praevaricatio ; Cic

COLLOP.
;

COLLOQUY.

colloquy

COLLAR, s. I. That part of the dress which surrounds the neck; colli amictus, us The collar of a doublet ; assutum thoraci colli tegmen To take one by the collar ; see To COLLAR. II. A ring of metal put round the neck; torques, is, m. ; monile, is, n., Cic.; (collare, is, n., Varr.). Wearing a collar; torquatus ;
dog's collar; millus, i, m., Varr.; collare clavis praefixum, or munitum A dog with a collar ; canis armillatus To slip one's neck out of the collar ; e negotio se extrahere ; e turbis se evolvere, Ter. ; II. A laqueis se explicarel; sese de re expedire ; Cic. ring of iron for criminals ; collaria, as, f., Plaut. ; ferreum collare, Varr To fasten with a collar ; aliquem ferreo collari ad palum astringere. To COLLAR, v. a. In cpllum alicujus invadere ; alicui raanus injicere; Cic. ; injectis collo manibus, or complexu, cum aliquo luctari ; collum obtorquere, Plaut., or torquere, Liv.

that
tiat

practises collusion ; praevaricator, Cic.

(collusor r

Lest he should discover our collusion ; ne senUlp.) nos inter nos congruere, Ter. COLLUSIVE, a. Collusorie confectus.

torque ornatus

COLLUSIVELY. ad. Collusorie, Pand. COLLYRIUM. s. Collyrium, i, n., Hor. COLON, s. Colon, or colum, i, n. COLONEL. *. Legionis tribunus chiliarchus, Nep. colonel of horse ; equitum praafectus. COLONIAL, a. Colonus, Cic. colonicus, Suet. To COLONIZE, v. a. Coloniam in loco constituere,
; ;

Cic.

To COLLATE, v. a. I. To compare one thing with another of the same kind; rem cum altera, or alteri, componere, or comparare rem rei, cum re, or res inter se To collate books or editions with duas, conferre ; Cic. the original ; scripti fidem ad archetypi rationem expendere exscripta exempla ad archetypum recognoscere.
; ;

COLONNADE. *. Peristylum ; peristylium ; Cic. COLONY, s. I. People drawn from a mother country inhabit some distant place ; colonia ; coloni, orum, pi. ; Cic To lead out new colonies ; novas colonias educere, Cic. To found a colony in a place ; coloniam in loco* II. The country planted ; colonia. constituere, Cic. COLOQUINTIDA. s. Colocynthis, idis, f., Plin. COLORATE. a. Coloratus, Cels. COLOSSAL or COLOSSEAN. a. Colosseus; colossicus ;
to

Plin.

II.

To place in a

benefice; jus ecclesiastic! beneficii

in aliquem conferre.

sfrnilis ; conveniens ; congruens par. I. Comparison of one COLLATION, s. thing with anII. The bestowing of a benefice ; ; collatio. legiIII. A repast ; merenda, 33, f., tima beneficii largitio.

COLLATERAL, a. I. Parallel; parallelus, Plin. II. A collateral line ; transversus cognatio( In genealogy)-; nis ordo. A relative in the collateral line ; transverse gradu cogyationis alicui junctus. III. Not direct ; obliquus, Cic. ; mdirectus, Quint. IV. Concurrent, agreeing;
consentiens
; ;

COLOSSUS. *. Colossus, i, m., Plin. I. Hue, dye, tint; color, oris, A COLOUR. *. A weak colour ; bright or lively colour ; color acntus. color languescens, languidus, evanidus, dilutior, Plin Of one colour ; uniA.faded colour ; color evanescens color Of several colours ; Of two colours ; bicolor. multicolor Of different colours ; varius, Ter. ; versiA dress of different colours; color; discolor, Cic variis ooloribus intexta vestis, Cic. Of the same colour

other

That has lost its colour; with another thing ; concolor To give a colour ; colodecolor, Plin. ; decoloratus, Cic. To take a colour; colorari ; rare ; rei colorem inducere. coloratum effiei ; Cic. ; colorem ducere, Virg., or sumere,
Ov.
:

Plaut.

COLLATOR,
timus

s.

I.

One

re confert, &c.

II.
s.

One

that compares ; qui rem cum that bestows a benefice ; legiac,

(of dyed stuffs)

colorem

bibere., Plin.,

or recipere,

ecclesiastic! beneficii largitor.

COLLEAGUE,
58

Collega,

m.

To choose a

col-

league ; collegam

sibi cooptare, Suet.

To take away a colour ; colorem eluere. To preserve To regain a colour ; ad colorem reduci To change colour; miits colour ; colorem servare To lose its colour; colorem grare in alium colorem A colourman ; II. A paint ; pigmentum. perdere.
Quint.

COLOUR
picture in water-colours; pictura pigmentarius coloribus aqua dilutis expressa. III. Complexion ; ori color , or simply, color A natural colour ; color verus Ter.,ornativus, Plin. Artificial colour; color factitius A high colour > orcompositus.Plin. ; Vitr., or fucoillitus color floridus, or diffusus sanguine Swarthy or brown colour ; color adustior. His colour changes ; non constat ei color et vultus, Liv. ; color non manet ei, Virg. Changeableness of colour ; incertus vultus, us, Cic. IV. Pretext, pretence ; color ; species, ei, f. ; praetextus Under colour of; specie ; per speciem. us, Cic. Under the colour of friendship ; per speciem, or Simulationem, amicitiae, Cic.; praetento amicitiae simulacro Plin. Ep To give a colour to his fault ; nomine culpam V. COLOURS, pi., i.e. Standard, enpraetexere, Virg. sign of war, prop, and fig.;, signa j signa militaria vexilla. To repair to the colours ; ad vexillum concurrere; ad signa convenire, or se aggregare ; Caes. To run away from one's colours ; a castris, or a signis In the discedere, Cic. ; ad hostes transfugere, Plaut figurative sense, denoting Side, party, Sfc., the word may be rendered literally, signa, or, dropping the metaphor VI. COLOURS, pi., i. e partes, ium, pi. ; factio ; causa. Character ; mores, pi. ; ingenium ; natura ; indoles. I. To mark with some hue To COLOUR, v. a. ; colorare, Cic. ; rei colorem inducere, Plin. ; rem colore im To colour the hair ; cabuere, or inficere ; tingere. To pillnm denigrare, or nigro colore inficere, Plin. colour (a print, map, <^c.) ; imaginem colorare, Cic., coloribus illustrare ; imagini colores inducere, Plin. II. To cover with a pretext, disguise; rei specie obtegere, Cic. alicui rei speciem obtendere, Plin. Ep., or praatexcre, Virg. To COLOUR, v. n. I. To take a colour; colorarf, <Jic. ; colorem ducere, Virg The grapes begin to II. To blush; colour; uves colorem ducunt, Virg. Cic. Ov To colour at or on acerubescere, rubere, ; count of any thing; erubescere rem, in re, Cic., rei, ?ee To BLUSH. Curt., or re, Sen. COLOURABLE, a. Verisimilis ; speciosus. I. Result of the use COLOURING, s. of colours in a picture ; colorum ratio, nexus, us, or harmoge, Plin This picture has no colouring ; huic tabella? pigmenta, or hujus tabellas lineamentis flos et color, desunt, Cic. II. The act of imparting colours; tinctura ; tinctus, fts. III. The art of imparting colours; tinctura; tinIV. Colouring matter; liquor gendi ars ; ^baphice. V. Fig. (in tinctilis, Ov. ; infector succus, Plin. rhetoric) ; Ornament ; rhetorics colores, Cic.; orationis pigmenta, pi. COLOURIST. s. Colores apte nectendi peritus artifex. I. A young horse; COLT. 5. equulus, Cic. pullus II. A young equinus, Quint. ; pullus equa?, Lucr. ass ; asellus, Ov. ; pullus asini ; pullus asininus, Varr A young wild ass; lalisio, onis, m., Mart.; III. A rash blockhead ; praeceps animi, onagri pullus. Tac. ; mconsultus ; inconsideratus ; inconsiderans ; Cic. COLTSFOOT- s. Tussilago, inis, f., Plin.
;

COMBAT
combat one? s passions; cupiditates frengere, Cic.; responsare cupidinibus, Hor. COMBAT, s. Pugna ; certamen, inis, n A single combat ; certamen singulare ; certainen duorum inter se. See FIGHT. COMBATANT, s. Pugnator certator ; Cell. COMBINATION, s. I. Commixture; rerum inter se Combination of letters ; literarum concopulatio, Cic Combination of two different subtextus, us, Quint stances, the union of which produces a new substance
;

rerum natura discrepantium intima permistio.


:

II.

a bad sense

league, association ; societas ; sociale fcedus usually, iri ; conjuratio ;.conspiratio ; scelerata consensio ; Cic.

To COMBINE,
colligare

v. a.

Jungere

To combine
v.
.,

different
I.

conjungere ; copulare ; substances; diversa

permiscere.

To COMBINE,

To

join, coalesce ; inter se

II. To plot tojungi copularique ; conjungi ; Cic. gether ; conspirare ; conjurare ; conjurationem facere ; Cic. (Against any one) ; in, or contra, aliquem.

Caes.

COMBING-CLOTH. s. Linteum humerale. COMBUSTIBLE, a. Celeriter ignem comprehendens, Combusconcipiendo et alendoigni aptus, Curt
;

tibles ; arida ignis

alimenta, Virg.
1.

COMBUSTION,
incensio
;

s.

Burning ;
;

ustio

incendium

;
;

deflagratio: conflagratio

(combustio, Firmic.

I. To arrive ; venire. I am come; To come first; antevenire To come To come after; postvenire To come a little after ; subsequi To come behind; a tergo To come between; intervenire. To come sequi. To come in time ; venire tempori, quickly ; advolare.

II. Tumult, disorder; rerum Apic.).' To be in a combustion ; perturbatio, Cic. ; res turbidae ardere, Cic. ; atrocissime agitari, Sail.

combustura,

To COME.
;

v. n.

eni

adsum

before;

praevenire

Plaut., in tempore, Ter., tempore,

commode, opportune,

Cic In very good time; peropportune, Cic To be coming and going ; u'tro citroque cursare, Cic., or comN.B. 1. To come from a place; e loco meare, Liv. He is come from Africa ; adenire, or proficisci, Cic est ex Africa, Cic. He is come from the army ; venit ab To come from any one ; venire ab aliexercitu, Plaut. Whence do you come f unde te agis ? Ter. ; quo, Cic unde tu? I come from fishing; redeo piscatu. 2. To come to a place ; aliquo, or in locum, venire, or se conTo come to an assembly ; venire in erre; ad venire. concionem They came in crowds to the tribunal; ad ;ribunal concurritur. Come hither; hue gressus move, or flecte ; accurre hue ; adsis ; adesto ; hue iter dirige ; Ter. 3. To come to a person; ad aliquem venire, or re ; aliquem, or ad aliquem, adire ad aliquem accedere. Come to me! ehodum ad me Ter. ; adesdum He 's come ; adest praesto est. 4. To cause to came ; aliquem, or rem, accersere, or arcessere aliquem accire, or advocare. II. To happen, come to pass ; fieri eveIII. To benire; accidere ; incidere ; cadere, Cic. come ; fieri; evadere. IV. To come about; fieri; COLTER, s. (With husbandmen) ; aratH culter, Plin. ; evenire To come again; see To RETURN. To come To come along; ire; p*odentale, is,n., Virg. after; see To FOLLOW To come at or by ; see To COLUMBARY. s. i. e. A pigeon-house ; columbarium, cedere ; ad aliquem venire. Varr. ; columbaria, 33, f., Col. To come away ; abire abscedere ; OBTAIN, REACH. I. A cylindrical pillar ; columna, Cic. discedere. To come back ; see To RETURN To come COLUMN, s. A wreathed column ; down; see To DESCEND. To come forth; exire in A small column ; columella columna tortilis. A chamfered column ; columna striata. Dublicum ; in solem procedere, Ter. in lucem prodire, To come forward; see The shaft of a column ; scaphus truncus ; Vitr. The venire, &c. see To APPEAR. The diminution of a column; To ADVANCE To come for warden learning) procecapital; capitulum, Vitr To columnar contractura, Vitr. The space between co- dere proficere; progredi; progressus facere Cic A place surrounded come in; see To ENTER, ARRIVE, COMPLY To come lumns ; intercolumnium, Varr To come in to ; see To by columns; peristylium, Varr. Supported by co- 'n one's way ; obviam se dare lumns ; columnatus, Varr. To come II. A long file of troops; JOIN To come in 'for ; see To PARTAKE. The army marched in three columns ; 'nto ; incidere ; delabi To come into danger ; 'adire agmen, inis, n. in tria agmina divisus iter faciebat exercitus. discrimen To come into trouble; molestiis implicari. COMB. s. I. An instrument to adjust the hair ; To come into the world ; in vitam, or in lucem, venire, In the form of a comb; pectinatim, >r introire ; nasci. To come-into use or fashion ; abire pecten, inis, m. Varr n morem A curry-comb ; strigilis, is, f. II. The crest in consuetudinem venire, or exire To of a cock ; crista, ae, Plin. A litue comb ; cristula, *,omc near ; see To APPROACH. To-come next ; see To Col FOLLOW Come of III. The stay To come of; see To PROCEED. Having a comb ; cristatus, Plin. or reed of a weaver's loom ; pecten tectoris pecten. To come off; see a gnod family) ; see DESCENDED. IV. An instrument used in carding ; pecten; hamus To DEVIATE, ESCAPE, FALL. To come off conqueror ;
;
!
!

f.',

valley ; convallis, is, f. ; vallis, is, f. To COMB. v. a. Capillos pectere; crines pectine deTo comb wool; ducere, Ov. ; (pectinare, Apul.) To comb flax or hemp ; pectere. pectere ; carminare. To comb a horse ; equum strigili defricare, or distringere Combed; pexus ; pectitus ; depexus, Tibull. ; propexus, Propert.: (of wool); pexus; pectitus; carminatus.

ferreus.

V.

COMB-MAKER, s. Pectinum opifex. To COMBAT, v. n. Certare ; decertare


pugnare.

See

(In argument) ; rationibus oppugnare ; contra aliquem contendere ; contra opinionem ratione pugnare ; Cic. To combat a disease; conflictari cum malo, Ter. ; luctari morbo, Sil. Ital. To combat /iungt-r ; sustentare famem, Caes To combat the winds; vcjitis obniti, Lucr., obluctari, To Virg., resistere, Ov.
v. a.

To COMBAT,

To

pugnare; de-

FIGHT.

victoriam referre, adipisci, consequi, or ab hoste reporTo are To come- on; see To ADVANCE, THRIVE. To come out ; see ome over ; see To CHANGE, PASS. To APPEAR. To come out of the water ; emergere. To come out (as a book when it is published) ; edi ; in ucem emitti. He comes out with such or such sayings ; lelabitur interdum ut dicat, Cic. To come short; see To FAIL, LOSE. To come to; see To COST, YIELD. To come to one's self, or to one's senses ; see To RETo come COVER To come to pass ; see To HAPPEN. To come to o an end; see To END, FINISH, DIE To come to a certain state or condition) ; pervenire. he crown; regnum adipisci. To come to life, ; see To IKVIVE To come to an agreement, or to terms; see To AGREE, AGREEMENT. To come to a conclusion; ee To CONCLUDE To come to light; in lucem proerri
It

comes

to

the

same; eodem

redit.

It conies

COME
nothing ; in nihilum recidit, Cio. in manus incidere, Cic To come
to

COMMANDED
To come
to one's to
;

hand ;
aures

ears

Juv To come short ; re excidere ; come together; see To ASSEMBLE, MEET To come up (as plants) ; venire, Virg. ; nasci ; exire provenire erumpere To come up to; see To AMOUNT To come up with; see To OVERTAKE To come upon; see To INVADE, ATTACK, SEIZE, OVERTAKE. To come upon for payment ; pecuniam ex aliquo exialicujus contingere, alicui cedere To
; ;

gere.

The time to come; futurum tempus. come ; posteri, orum, pi Things to For the time to come ; in posterum ; m reliquum tempus ; in futurum dehinc. COMEDIAN, s. I. A stage-player; comcedus miII. mus, Cic.; actor scenicus, Sen.; mima, ae, f.
ad. -=
to

To COME.

Generations

come ;

futura, n. pi.

writer of comedies

cus, i, m. COMEDY, s. Comcedia. Of or belonging to a coTo act a comedy ; comcediam agere. medy ; comicus.

poeta comicus

or simply, comi-

To obey or execute cominjussu Tineo mands ; imperia exsequi, Ter. ; imperata facere, Caes. ; That has received a command to jussa peragere, Virg. When he had received do any thing ; jussus (facere) III. express command ; cum ei praescriptum esset, Cic. The thing commanded; quod jussum, imperatum, est ; IV. At comimperatum, or jussu susceptum, opus. mand ; ad arbitrium ; pro arbitrio He has words at command; comprehensio verborum est in illius potesTears are at command ; jussae prosiliunt latate, Cic crymae, Mart. I. That has received COMMANDED, a. and part. orders ; jussus II. Or(To do any thing) ; facere. To do what is commanded ; dered; jussus ; imperatus. III. Inferior ; inferior; subjaimperata facere, Caes. cens A plain commanded by an eminence ; summissa fastigio planities, Liv.

my command;

I. A chief, general; praefectus, i, COMMANDER, s. m. qui copiisvel urbi prseest. II. A paving beetle;
;

fistuca, Vitr.

COMELINESS, s. forma formositas


; ;

Beauty, grace ; species decor ; pulchritudo (of a man) ; dignitas II. Decency; honestas de(of a woman) venustas. corum ; decentia ; condecentia ; Cic. COMELY, a. I. Handsome ; formosus ; pulcher; decorus ; speciosus ; egregia forma insignis forma. II. Decent; decens ; decorus; honestus ; conveniens. COMER, s. Qui (quae) venit. COMET, s. Cometes, or cometa, ae, n., Cic. To COMFIT, v. a. Melle, saccharo, condire ; componere. COMFITURES. s. pi. Poma saccharo aut melle condita. To COMFORT, v. at I. To console ; aliquem solari, solatio levare, consolatione lenire alicui conconsplari, solationem aflerre, solatia dare, dolorem abstergere ; Cic. I cannot be comforted; vincit omnem consolationem dolor meus luctus meus nullo solatio levari potest ; II. To rejoice, gladden; Cic. aliquem wblectare ; alicui esse oblectationi, laetitiam dare, or oblectationem afferre To comfort the heart; aniraum voluptate complere, or gaudio cumulare, Cic.
I.
; ;
: :

To COMMEMORATE,
rare
;

pavicula, Col
v. a.

Rem, or de
;

re,

commemo-

mentionem habere Cic. COMMEMORATION, s. Commemoratio mentip ; Cic. COMMEMORATIVE, a. Quod ad rerum memoriam animos revocat, Cic. To COMMENCE, v. a. Rem incipere, occipere ; inchoare ; ordiri exordiri To commence critic ; gibi censoris munus arrogare. To commence author ; gibi
rei,

or de re,

nomen
initus
;

auctoris vindicare.
a.

See

To

BEGIN.
;

COMMENCED,
Cic.

and part.
*.

ceptus
;

inchoatus
;

orsug

COMMENCEMENT.
See BEGINNING.

Principium

initium

orsug,

vis.

v. a. I. To praise; laudare ; collaude afficere ; laudibus ornare, efferre ; lau; alicui tribuere ; Cic To commend greatly ; laudibus cumulare, tollere ; magnifice laudare ; summis laudibus ornare ; alicui laudem tribuere To commend one for any thing ; rem alicui laudi dare ; II. To recommend, commit ,- alicui see PRAISE.

To COMMEND,

laudare

dem

summam

To
;

fort

modus aptus jucundus suavis. COMFORTABLY, ad. Commode jucunde


; ;

s. A slight comConsolatio; solatium. consolatio tenuis ; solatiolum ; Cic. COMFORTABLE, s. I. Consoling; consolatorius, Cic. To speak comfortable words ; ea dicere quae levare II. Convenient, agreeable; cornluctum possint, Cic.

COMFORT,
;

rem demandare, or commendare. COMMENDABLE, a. (Of persons);


dus
laude dignus
;
:

laudabilis
;

(of things)
s.

gloriosus
dis,
f.
;

; laudanpraedicandus :

prsdicabilis

Cic.

COMMENDATION,
conium.

Laus,

laudatio;
a.

pra-

festive

lepide.

Consolator, Cic. ; consolans ; qui (qiue) consolationem affert, or adhibet. COMFORTLESS, a. Molestus; injucundus ; gravis ; acerbus; ingratus. COMIC, a. I. Relating to comedy ; comicus. II.
s.

COMFORTER,

Rei, or cum re, consentaneus ; rei respondens et consentiens ; accommodatus ; par A punishment commensurate to the crime ; pcena par noxae, Cic. To ordain a punishment commensurate to a crime; pcenarn pro magnitudine delicti statuere, Tac. COMMENSURABLY or CoMMENSURATELY. ad. Congruenter ; apte ; servata proportione ; accommodate
; pro. To COMMENT, v. n. Verba scriptoris explanare, or interpretari ; scriptorem explanare, or explioare ; scriptoris libros commentariis illustrare ; Cell To comment unfavourably upon the sayings or actions of any one ; dicta factave in pejorem partem trahere.

COMMENSURABLE or COMMENSURATE

Pleasant

facetus

lepidus.
I.

ad

COMICALLY, ad.

In a manner

befitting

comedy ;
II.

comcedice, Plaut.; cornice, Cic. ; mimice, Catull. With pleasantry ; facete ; ridicule; Cic. COMING, s. Adventus, us; accessus, us; Cic.

COMING, a. COMING-IN,

s.

Futurus posterior. See INCOME.


;

COMMA.*- (In grammar).; virgula, a?, f. To COMMAND. v. a. I. To order, give orders ; rem alicui imperare, praescribere, or praacipere jubere rem fieri. To command imperiously ; dura imperia exer/ command you to speak ; jubeo te loqui, cere, Virg or ut loquaris. II. To have the command of any thing. To command an army ; exercitui praeesse. To com;

or COMMENTARY, s. Annotations, urn, f. To write a commentcommentarius, i, m. ; Cell in auctorem commentari, Plin. ; scriptoris libros commentariis illustrare, Cic An unfavourable comment upon one's behaviour, fyc.f dictorum factorumve malevola interpretatio.
pi.
;

COMMENT
;

ary

mand one's passions ;

cupiditatibus imperare, Cic., reThe citadel commands the town; arx sponsare, Hor urbi imminet, Cic., or insidet;arci urbs subjacet An eminence which* commands the plain ; e planitie collis To command one's self ; sibi imperare. editus, Caes That can command himself; sui, or animi, compos

That cannot
potens.

command

himself ; animi impos, or im;

COMMENTATOR. s. Scriptoris interpres, Cic. COMMERCE, s. I. Traffic; mercatura, Plaut. ; To carry on commerce; negotiari ; commercium, Cic mercaturam facere, Cic. mercaturas facere, Plaut. ; commercium exercere. II. Intercourse of society ; / will have no commercium; usus, us; consuetude commerce with you ; tuas tibi res habe, Plaut. I have no commerce with him ; nullum habeo cum illo commercium mihi commercium nullius rei eum illo est ;
; ;

III.
;

imperio

summam rerum
s. 1.

To have supreme authority


administrare
;

esse
;

cum

Cic.

Cic.

summae

To COMMERCE,
habere
;

v. n.

Consuetudinem cum aliquo

rei prgeesse, Liv.

To COMMAND, II army; aliquem exeraway the command ; imTo prolong the command To be for a year ; imperium in annum propagare under command; esse sub imperio. Chief command ; eummum imperium. To have command of one's self ; see To COMMAND, II. II. Order ; juss'um; jussus, us mandatum Without praeceptum imperium
exercitui, provincise, praeesse ; see To give any one the command of the
citui praeficere, Cic To take perium alicui abrogare, Cic
;

The right of commanding ; impeCOMMERCIAL, ad. Ad mercaturam, or commercium, rium ; jus, juris ; potestas A commercial man ; negotiator. A comTo give any one a full pertinens. command; alicui summum imperium potestatemque mercial city ; urbs negotiandi studio addicta, Cic. omnium rerum committere, Nep To have a full comCOMMINATION. s. Comminatio ; minatio. COMMINATORY. a. Comminationem adjunctam haTo have command mand; omnia in potentate habere over any one; imperium in aliquem habere, Ter., or bens. To COMMINGLE, v. a. Rem rei, re, cum re, miscere, tenere, Cic. jus potestatemque alicui imperandi haTo be in command ; esse cum imperio (not, Plin. ; rem cum alia commiscere ; rem rei admiscere, bere, Cic esse in imperio ; which means, to fill one of the offices of Cic. To be in command of an army or a province ; To COMMINUTE, v. a. Conterere ; in pulverem restate).

COMMAND,

aliquo uti.

digere, or extenuare, Plin., or resplvere, Col. To COMMISERATE. v. a. Alicujus tnisereri ; alicujus miseriis commoveri ; in aliquem misericordem esse. To commiserate one 's misfortunes ; alterius fortunam miserari ; alterius in fortunis misericordiam adhibere.

ricordia; Cic.

COMMISERATION, s. Miseratio ; commiseratio ; miseSee COMPASSION. I. An officer made occasionally ^ COMMISSARY, s. II. A mtrrecuperator ; lectus judex causae cognitor.

COMMISSION
A commissary of provisions , litary officer; curator. annonae militaris praefectus. I. A trust, a warrant for a place COMMISSION, s. employment; mandatum; munus. eris, n. ; provincia:
vita?

COMMON
ac victus

communitatem ac societatem habere


; ;

Cic.

To give a comprocuration ^rregotium; cura; opera. mission; alicui de re mandata dare, dare negotium, re: To undertake a commission ; provincuram delegare To fuTJil a ciam suscipere, Cic. ; rei curam suscipere commission; mandata persequi, exsequi, efficere, conII. warrant by which ficere; mandatis satisfacere. a military officer is appointed ; rescriptum, Tac. ; reIII. order in commerce ; scripti libellus, Plin. Ep.

COMMON, s. Ager publicus ager compascuus Cic. COMMONALTY, s. Plebs, bis plebes, is, f. vulgus, i,
; ;

n.

multitude.

An

delegata emendi aut vendendi alterius nomine copia

I. The lower people; plebeiorum see COMMONALTY ; House of Anglicis comitiis plebeius ordo. II. Fare; victus, us ; cibus; consuetus familiae victus. COMMONLY, ad. Persaepe ; fere ; ut plurimum ; vulgo ; It is commonly revorted or said; vulgo plerumque.

COMMONER. 5. COMMONS, s.pl.


;

Plebeius.

ordo

ordo plebeius
in

Commons ;

dicitur

dici solet.

IV. One who buys and sells on commission ; institor. Act of committing a crime; patratio ; (commissio, ArV. A number of people nob. ; perpetratio, Tert.). joined in a trust ; negotio praafecti, or proposlti ; quibus VI. Extraordinary jurisrei provincia demandata est. diction for deciding a case ; deleganda judicandi potestas. To send on such commission ; aliquem judicem mittere. To be employed in such commission; delegatam judicandi potestatem exercere. To COMMISSION, v. a. Vicarias alicujus partes alteri mandare aliquem negotio pneficere, Cic. ; 'alicui potes;

COMMONWEAL, or COMMONWEALTH, s. Respublica. COMMOTION. 5. I. Tumult commotio tumultus, us Cic. tumultuatio, Liv. To make or raise a commotion, fumultuari, Cic.; tumultum facere, Sail. To
,; ;

throw the state into commotion; rempublicam miscere, Cic. ; res novare, Liv. ; res novas in republica moliri, Suet To appease or allay a commotion ; tumultum The author of a comsedare, or comprimere, Tac With great commotion; tumultus concitator, Liv II. Perturbation motion; pertumultuose, Cic. of III. mind; mentis agitatio; animi commotio Cic.
;

tatem, or facultatem, dare.

Disturbance, restlessness
;

COMMISSIONER,
cui rei provincia

s.

Negotio praefectus, or praepositus

demandata est. Commissura, Cic. I. To give in trust; alicui rem mandare, commendare, committere, mandatum, or neCOMMISSURE,
s.

Commotion of ; agitatio, Cic the sea ; motus et agitatio fluctuum ; jactatio maris ; Cic. To throw into commotion ; agitare ; miscere ;

To COMMIT,

permiscere.

v.a.

gotium, de re dare; aliquem negotio praeficere; Cic.; rem curae alicujus demandare, Liv To commit to memory ; memoriae mandare ; memoria comprehendare, or To commit to writing; scriptis mancomplecti Cic. dare scribere litoris committere, Cic To commit a matter to God; Deo permittere. II. To expose; in discrimen dare, or adducere. III. To imprison; mandare vinculis in carcerem, or in vincula, conjicere; in custodiam dare ; custodian tradere. IV. To perpetrate scelus committere scelere se astringere ; (a crime) fadnus admittere ; Cic. ; facinus consciscere, patrare,
;
;

To COMMUNE, v. n. Cum aliquo confabulari, Plaut. ; communi sermonis oonsuetudine uti, Caes. COMMUNICANT, s. (A church term) qui (quae) ad
;

sacram menfiam accedit.

To COMMUNICATE,
or
facere,

v. a.

I.

To bestow
;

cum aliquo, communicare,


Cic.
II.

rem

alicui,

Caes.

Cic.

participem rei

perpetrare, Liv.

COMMITMENT, s. In carcerem conjectio. COMMITTEE, s. Consessus, us; conventus, us


committee
is

held; habetur conventus. v.a. See To COMMINGLE. COMMIXTURE. *. Permistio ; admistio. COMMODIOUS, a. Commodus ; aptus ; accommodatus, or opportunus, with a dative, or with ad and an accusative A very commodious house ; domus ad habitan-

To COMMIX,

course ; cum aliquo commercium habere. To communicate with the enemy ; cum hoste coire, Cic. ; cum hoste consilia conferre, Liv. III. (Of places); To have a

reveal, disclose; patefacere ; retegere ; prodere ; enuntiare palam ; in hicem proffer re. To communicate one's designs to another ; alicui consilii facere copiam ; aliquem ad consilium admittere se ; alicui patefacere ; Cic. To COMMUNICATE, v. n. I. To partake of trie Lord's supper; ad sacras mensas, or epulas, accedere Of age to communicate ; divnuemensae maturus ; cui per aetatem ad sacras dapes accedere fas est. II. To have inter-

To

communication ; habere pervium usum. COMMUNICATION, s. I. Conference, conversation;


colloquium
course,
;

collocutio

congressus, us.
;

II.

Inter-

COMMODIOUSLY. ad. Commode facile ; expedite. COMMODITY, s. I. Convenience ; commodum ; comII. Profit, advantage; comopportunitas. modum lucrum ; emolumentum quaestus, us utilitas. III. Wares merx, mercis, f. Commodities, pi.;
;

dum percommoda.
;

moditas

merces,

pi.

commerce; societas; commercium; usus, us; consuetude ; consociatio Cic To have, or hold, friendly communication with ; cum aliquo consuetudinem et familiaritatem jungere, Cic. Iwillhaveno communication with him ; nolo rem habere cum illo, Varr. ; nolo cum ilo usum ullius rei consociare, Phaedr The pestilence has cut off all communication ; pestis omnem hominum societatem dirimit, or humanam consociationem dissolvit.

COMMON,
munis.

a.

I.

COMMUNICATIVE, a. This is common to all; hoc convenit in omnes. Qui sui libenter copiam facit, Common sense ; commune judicium, Cic.; communis Cic.; apertus ingenuus candidus. Not communicative ; hominum sensus, Cic., or intellectus, us, Quint All ad alios tectus, Cic. sui obtegens, Tac. COMMUNION. *. I. Intercourse ; see COMMUNICATION, things are common among friends ; amicorum sunt ornnia communia est inter amicos rerum omnium com[I. II. Participation of the Lord's supper ; cceleste munitas Cic the communion; aliquem sacris To administer have a common ; epulum quaestum They purse in commune conferunt To receive the communion ; ad sacras That is common to me and epulis adhibere. This matter you ; id commune mihi vobiscum est, Cic. ;pulas, or mensas, accedere. Frequent communion; has nothing in common ivith; hoc nihil habet conjunc- frequens divinae mensa? usus, us. tuin cum, Cic hoI. The body politic ; civitas Common danger unites them ; hos soCOMMUNITY, s.
;

Belonging

to

more than one; com-

cietas pericli conjungit, Curt. Common-places (in rhetoric) ; loci rhetorici. Common-place arguments ; trita argumenta common-place book; collectanea, n. pi.,

Tiinum congregatio
Cic.
II.

or, consociatio

II. (In grammar) ; Of III. Pubepiccenus, Quint. vulgaris; publicus; pervagatus. Common rumour ; fama ; sermo pervagatus, or disleminatus dispersusque ; Cic It is a matter of common report; res est pervagata et vulgaris; illud omnium sermone percrebuit A common council ; civitatis commune consilium A common sewer ; cloaca ; purgamentorum urbis receptaculum, Liv. ; eluvies, Plin Common

more genders than one ;


lic,

Suet.; excerpta, n.

pi., Cell.

general ; vulgatus

possession ^community of goods; bonorum communio, or communitas, Ulp.) ; rerum omlium promiscuus usus, us. I. Change ; mutatio ; permutatio. COMMUTATION, s. II. Exchange; commutatio ; permutatio. To COMMUTE, v.a. Rem in aliam mutare, commutare, or permutare; rem cum alia commutate, or per-

Common

atque communitas,

mutare.

COMPACT,

s.

Pactum

pactio

fcedus, eris, n.

con-

To make a compact ; ad pacventus, us; conventum tionem venire, or accedere, Cic. COMPACT, a. Densus spissus. To COMPACT, v.a. Coagmentare
; ;

law; usus, us; consuetudo.


usitatus
;

quotidianus

Cic.

No common man ; non


;

IV. Frequent, usual;

unus de multis, Cic., e populo, Sep., e vulgo, Quint. Above the common ; singularis eximius. V. Vulgar, mean, trivial ; vulgaris ; tritus. // is a common saying ; trituin est sermone, or vetustate, The proverbium.

colligare; conjun-

gere

jungere.
;

common

people ; plebs, bis, f. ; plebes, is, f.; vulgus, i, n. (Obs. Plebs is usually employed in a political, vulgus in a moral, sense.) Of or belonging to the common people ; A common soldier; miles gregarius. VI. ptabeius Not scarce ; parabilis ; obvius et expositus. VII. In common. To do any thing in common ; rem comTmniter agere. To place in common ; in commime omnia conferre, Cic. ; quaesita in medium reponere, Virg._To have in common: re promiscue uti, Cic.; na in To live in compromiscuo habere, "Plin mon; inter se rerum omnium communione jungi ;
61

COMPACTNESS, s. Densitas compactio ; Cic. COMPACTLY, ad. Dense ; spisse. COMPANION, s. Socius comes. A companion on a urney ; comes: (on a voyage); convector: (in war);
;

(at school) ; condiscipulus : (at table); convictor; compransor: (at play); collusor, Sen.: (in office); collega, 32, m. '..(in service); conservus, Cic. : in fortune) ; fortunae socius ac particeps, Cic. (in To take to one's setf abour) ; laborum censors, Cic. Not to admit as a companions; sibi socios adsciscere. companion; comitem abnegare. good companion (a alse expression, denoting a man of pleasure) ; qui se otum jucunditati dat. A female companion; comes, A boon companion; festivus, jocosus. A tis, f., Cic.

:ommilito

COMPANIONABLE
bottle-companion m., Cic.
Cic.
;

COMPASSIONATE
oris,

combibo, onis, m.
;

compotor,

Moved with compassion ; misericordia commotus, perTo be touched with compassion ; ad misemotus, Cic ricordiam adduci, Cic. That has no compassion ; immiWith compassion; miseranter, Cell sericors, Cic Without compassion ; immisericorditer, Ter In a manner worthy of compassion ; miseranter miserandum in rnodum, Cic To seek to excite compassion ; misericordiam captare, Cic. To excite compassion ; mentem miseratione permovere ; aliquem ad misericordiam allicere, inducere ; rnisericordiam alicui commoyere, Cic 7b have compassion on any one ; alicujus misereri alicujus miseriis commoveri ; in aliquem misericordem esse ; Cic. I have compassion on you; miseret me tui, Cic To feel compassion for the misfortunes of another ; alterius fortunam misereri; alterius in fortunis misericor; ;

COMPANIONABLE, a. Commodus commodis moribus ; Not companionable ; omnibus insociabilis, Liv.; morosus ac difflcilis, Hor. ; societatis impatiens, COMPANIONSHIP, s. Consuetude ; societas. COMPANY, s. I. Persons assembled together; COEN He sees much company; tus; conventus, us; grex magna ad eum confluit hominum frequentia ; hominum To shun comfrequentia domus ejus celebratur Cic
;

Ida not like much pany ; congressus hominum fugere To frequent bad company ; celebritas mihi odio est. consuetudine company ; improborum uti malorum in consuetudinem se dare cum improbis societatem inire
; ;
;

Cic.

Persons assembled fffr conversation; cir- diam adhibere, Cic, To COMPASSIONATE, v.a. See COMPASSION, ad fin. To frequent such compantks; circulos consectari. COMPASSIONATE, a. Ad misericordiam propensus ; III. Persona united for the performance of any A company in v'vir) clemens et misericordia singulari, Cic To be thing; societas ; ordo ; corpus, oris, n. To admit into the com- compassionate j alterius dolore commoveri ; alterius vitrade ; societas ; consociatio. pany ; aliquem sibi sociare, or socium adjungere. A cem dolere, Cic. COMPASSIONATELY, ad. Miseranter. company of foot soldiers; manipulus. By companies ; COMPATIBILITY, s. Convenientia ; non repugnantia. Soldiers of a company ; commanipulares, manipulating COMPATIBLE, a. Quod potest cum alio conciliari. Tac. A banqueting company ; sodalitas ; sodalitium. IV. A These two things are not compatible ; haec duo simul conA company of actors ; grex, Plaut.; Ter. These two body of attendants or companions ; alicujus comites, um, sistere non possunt, or inter se repugnant To bear or keep company ; aliquem offices are compatible ; hzec duo munera ab eodem exerpi. ; comitatus, us. ceri possunt To be in company with ; una, or simul, ire. To be compatible; inter se cohaerere, conconTitari. To join company with; alicui se comitem praebere, or ciliari, concordari, non repugnare; posse simul consisTo desert a company ; comitatum de- tere, Cic. conjungere, Cic. COMPATRIOT, s. Popularis ; civis; Ck. ; conterraserere ; ab aliquo disceder e. COMPARABLE, a. Comparabilis ; comparandus, or con- neus, Plin. COMPEER, s. Socius; compar. ferendus, alteri, or cum altero ; assimulandus Cic. To COMPEL, v. a. Cogere aliquem rem facere, or ut I. By comparison, relative ; comCOMPARATIVE, a. To compel to surrender; paratus j comparativus ; Cic. ; si conferatur cum altero ; faciat alicui vim inferre, Cic ad deditkmem subigere, Cic in comparatione alterius, Flor. II. Having the power He has compelled me to of comparing ; qui rem cum alio confert ; qui com- speak ; mihi dicendi necessitas ab illo imposita est, Cic. III. (In grammar) COMPELLABLE. a. Cui necessitas rei aflerri, or imponi, The compaparationem instituit. rative degree ; comparativus gradus, Quint. potest. COMPARATIVELY, ad. Comparate, Cic. COMPELLER. s. Coactor. To COMPARE, v. a. I. To examine the relative naCOMPENDIOUS, a. Brevis ; contractus. ture of several thihgs ; unum cum alio componere unum COMPENDIOUSLY, ad. Breviter; paucis verbis; sumTo com- matim. alteri, or cum altero,. comparare, or conferre. COMPENDIOUSNESS. s. Brevitas. pare notes together ; de re conferre, communicare, consilium inire. II. To liken, COMPEND or COMPENDIUM. *. Epitome, es, f. ; epitoequal; aliquem alteri, or cum altero, aequiparare ; aliquid alicui rei assimilare ; ma, 33, f ; compendium, Sen He has given a compenCic. To compare one's setf with another ; sequare se dium of the Roman history in ten books; Romanam hiscum altero, Varr. torian! epitoma in decem libros circumscripsit. COMPARISON, s. I. Act vf comparing ; To COMPENSATE, v. a. Rem alia re recompensare, comparatio; contentio colhrtio^ Cic To make or draw a compari- Cic., pensare, Curt. son ; aliorum cum aliis contentionem facere, Cic COMPENSATION. *. Compensatio, Cic. One COMPETENCY, s. Quod satis est. may make a comparison between those two things ; potest COMPETENT, a. incidere de duobus istis comparatio, Cic. I. Adequate ; idoneus ; congruens. This maff II. Consistent with > debitus ; quod pertinet ad. enter into comparison with; hoc est comparabile cum, Til. Allowable bylaw ; legitimus Cic. // is competent to; Beyond or without comparison; longe, Cic. In comparison with ; prae ; ad ; in comparatione alte- pertinet ad. si conferatur cum altero You are happy, COMPETENTLY, ad. Satis ; convenienter ; congruenrius, Flor. in comparison with myself ; prae nobis beatus es, Cic. ter. The earth is but a point in comparison with the heavens ; COMPETITION, s Rivalitas, Cic. ; aemulatio, Nep. terra ad universi cceli complexum quasi puncti instar obCOMPETITOR, s. Competitor ; fern, competitrix, Cic. There, are several competitors ; plures obeunt compeII. A tinet, Cic. By comparison ; comparate, Cic.
grare. culus
II.
; ; ; ;
.

To renounce bad company; ab improbis demi-

similitude; similitudo, Cic.

titores, Cic.

COMPARTMENT, s. Figurarum apta et accommodata dimensio ; ordo ; area. To range or dispose into compartments ; describere; ordines dimetiri atque describere ; in areas describere areis distinguere. COMPASS, s. I. Round, circuit; ambitus, us, Cic. ; II. Space, reach; circuitus, us, Plin. ; circuitio, Vitr. amplitude j latitude ^ longitude ; spatium ; Cic Of A voice great compass; magmtudine amplissimus, Cic. of no compass ; angusta vox, Juv. Compass of mind; III. Limits; ingenii amplitude, or magnitude, Cic. To keep within comfines, ium, pi. ; termini, orum, pi. pass ; modum tenere. To draw into a narrow compass ; contrahere, Cic. ; breviare ; in summarium redigere ; ad Within the compass of a compendium conferre, Quint. To speak within compass ; ne quid year ; intra annum verbis exaggerem, Cic. To COMPASS, v.a. I. To surround; rem re cirTo compass round cumdare, cingere; ambjre, Cic II. To go round; ambire; circumabout; amplecti. III. To attain; assequi; consequi To ire; obire. To compass by encompass by force ; vi perficere. To compass one's ends ; treaty ; exorare ; impetrare IV. To propositum peragere, Nep., or assequi, Cic. contrive ; machinari ; struere. To compass the death of a person ; de interficiendo aliquo rationem, or consilium, inire ; necem alicui machinari ; ad aliquem interficiendum conspirare ; de aliquo interficiendo conjurare; Cic. COMPASS or COMPASSES, s. An instrument; circinus, Measured with the compass; circino ciri, m., Vitr cumductus. Measuring with the compass ; circinatio, Vitr To round with the compass ; circinare, Plin. ad circinum rotundare, Vitr. ; circino in orbem describere. COMPASSION, s. Miseratio ; commiseratio misericordia; Cic Worthy of compassion; miserabilis ; miserandus Unworthy of compassion; immiserabilis, Hor. 62
; ; ;

COMPILATION,
tiones,

s.
v. a.

To

um,

f.

pi., Gell.

COMPILE,

Collectanea, orum, n. pi. ; excerp; excerpta, orum, n. pi. Compilare, Hor. ; e variis auctoj

fibus excerpta colligere. COMPILER. *. Eclogarius, Cic. ribus excerpta colligit.

qui ex variis aucto-

COMPLACENCE, COMPLACENCY, s. Delectatio ; oblectatio ; oblectamentum ; voluptas. To COMPLAIN, v. n. Dolere ; mcerere ; gemere ; queri ; Cic. j- gemitus edere, Ov. To suffer without complaining ; suppressum dolorem tegere, Lucr. ; mutum dolorem premere, Stat To complain of any one ; de aliquo To complain of one to another ; apud aliqueri, Cic

quem de altero querimoniam, or querelas, habere, Cic. To complain of a thing; rem, or de re, queri, Cic. ; ob To complain of one's conrem, or de re, conqueri, Cic. dition ; se miseran, Plaut To complain of his bad forune ; adversam fortunam conqueri, Cic There is some reason to complain of this hoc nonnullam habet querelam, Ck. COMPLAINANT, s. ( In law) ; vindiciarum petitor. COMPLAINER. s. Qui dolet, &c. I. Representation of pains ; querela ; COMPLAINT, s. To carry querimonia conquestio ; expostulate ; Cic. or make one's complaint ; querelas ad aliquem deferre ; alicui de re queri Not to receive complaints ; dolenII. Lamentation ; tium querelas excludere, Plin. Ep. gemitus, us lamenta, orum, n. pi., Cic. ; quiritatio, Liv. III. (In law); querimonia; apud judicem expostuIV. A disease; morbus Cic.; malum, latio f Cic.
; ;

Cels.

COMPLAISANCE,

s.

quium; Cic

Mean

'Indulgentia ; obsequentia complaisance ; assentatio.

obse-

COMPLAISANT, a. Obsequiosus, Plaut. ; obsequens ; To be complaisant { ndulgens ; officiosus et comis, Cic

CHARGE
III. To intrust; rem avertere, conferre, Liv. ; Ter. IV. Ti alicui committere, credere, concredere, Cic. accuse; culpam alicui assignare, Cic. ; crimine onerare V. Tt Plin. ; testimonium in aliquem dicere, Quint. T< attack; in hostem impetum facere, irruere, Cic charge in the rear; hostem a tergo adoriri, Cic. ; terg VI. To burden, load hostfum impugnare, Liv. To chargi onerare aliquem ; alicui onus imponere, Cic. a musket ; fistulam ferream pulvere sulphurate et plumbc To charge a cannon ; tormentum pulvere instruere.

CHASM
chase; venatum pagare venatu ;
II.

ire.
ali

venatu

Game hunted;

ttatfca; ferina, sc. caro. insectatio ; consectatio.


III.

To live by the chase; vitam proalimenta venatu expedire. ; venatio; venatus, us^praeda ve-

III. Pursuit of an enemy : To give chase ; see To CHASE, IV. Pursuit of something as desirable: inda;

gatio

inquisitio

investigatio.

VII. To make a demand, pyrio et globo munire. VIII. To exhort; hortari, adhortari, co poscere. hortari, aliqnem ad aliquid, or aKquem ut aliquid faciat. I. Trust; CHARGE, s. A giving in depositum.

CHASM, s. Cavum.; lacuna; rima. CHASTE, a. I. Virtuous, modest ; castus; pudicusII. Pure, correct (of style) purus. accuratus emen; ;

datus, Cic.

castigatus,

Hor.
Castigare
;

CHASTELY, ad.

To CHASTEN
afficere
;

charge; depositio.

To give

}'n

charge

rem apud

Caste ; pure. or CHASTISE, v. a. in aliquem animadvertere.


s.
I.

pcena

ali-

II. Command; munus, eris quem deponere, Cic. mandatum ; provincia To give charge ; alicui de re fa cienda mandatum, negotium, dare; earn provinciam dan ut rem faciat ; alicui imponere partes ; Cic. ; curam rei

or rem alicujus

III. Commiscurae, demandare, Liv. sion, office ; munus, eris, n. ; officium ; partes, iUm, f. pi It is your charge; tuum est officium, Ter. ; tuum est munus ; hoc tui muneris est ; tuae sunt partes ; Cic IV To resign a charge ; officio, munere, se abdicare.

The act of chastising ; castigatio; animadversio Worthy of chastisement ; caotiII. That which gabilis, Plaut.; animadvertendus, Ter. is suffered as punishment; pcena. CHASTISER. s. Castigator. CHASTITY, s. Castitas ; castimonia; pudicitia, Cic.;
Inviolable chastity; impenetrabilis castipudor, Virg. To preserve one's chastity; caste vivere, Cic.; tas, Tac pudicitiam servare, Virg. To CHAT. v. n. Fabulari, Ter. ; cum aliquo familiares

CHASTISEMENT,

Accusation; criminatio ; crimen ; accusatio Charges, V. Exhortation ; hortatio ; ad accusationis capita. hortatio ; cohortatio]; exhortatio ; hortatus, us, m.; Cic. VI. Expense hortamen, Liv. ; hortamentum, Sail. VII. Oncost; sumptus, us,m. ; impensa, ae, f. ; Cic. set, attack ; aggressio ; impressio ; impetus, us, m. ; Cic To make a charge ; impressionem, or impetum, in hostem facere, Cic. ; in hostem incurrere, Nep.; in hostes To return to the charge; ad pugnam invehi, Caes redire, Virg. ; praelium redintegrare, or renovare, Caes. ; VIII. Burden, load; onus.. pugnam iterare, Liv. Charge of a cannon ; pulveris sulphurati et globi modus
,

sermones conferre, Cic.

CHAT. s. Sermo familiaris. CHATTELS, s. pi. Bona mobilia,


mobiles, Liv.
garrire. garrire ;
III.
;

Cic.

res moventes, or

To CHATTER,
II.

Ulp.
v. n.
I.

To make a noise as birds:


talk idly; loquitari, Plaut.; Cic. ; blaterare, Hor. teeth ; dentibus cre-

multum esse in loquendo, To make a noise with the

To prate,

pitare.

ad tormentum explodendum. CHARGEABLE, a. Liable to be accused', accusabilis


qui accusari potest ; cui aliquid objici potest, &c. s. I. A large dish; lanx, Pers. ; catinus, Hor.; paropsis, idis, f., Juy. ; mazonomum, Hor.; ma II. A warzonomus, Varr. ; magis, idis. f., Plin. horse j equus bellicus ; bellator equus, Virg. CHARILY, ad. Attente ; parce. CHARIOT, s. Carrus, i ; currus, us ; pilentum ; carA ivar-chariot ; pentum ; plaustrum ; rheda ; carruca. essedum ; esseda. CHARIOTEER, s. Auriga, ae, m. ; rhedarius ; essedarius. CHARITABLE, a. Christiana charitate, or benevolentia, Charitapreeditus ; benevolus erga alterum, or alteri ble to the poor ; in pauperes beneficus, or benignus. CHARITABLY, ad. Benevole ; benigne ; munifice. I. Love; eharitas ; benevolentia ; amor. CHARITY, s.
Cic.
4

CHATTER or CHATTERING, s. I. The noise of birds; II. Idle talk ; garrulitas ; garritus, concentus. III. Noise made loquacitas ; loquendi profluentia, Cic. by the teeth ; dentium crepitus, us, m.
avium

CHATTERER,
cutuleius locutula,
;

CHARGER,

He

is

Garrulus, Ter. ; loquax, Cic. ; lofern., mulier garrula ; loquax ; great chatterer; loquacissimus a great chatterer; huic nunquam verba deficiunt,
s.

blatero, Cell.

Lucr

Cic.

To CHAW. v. a. Mandere ; dentibus conficere, Liv. ; commanducare, Plin. CHEAP, a. Vilis To sell cheap ; rem parvo pretio Land is cheap ; vendere, Cic. ; rem vili vendere, Mart To be very cheap; vilisjacent pretia praediorum, .Cic sime constare, Cic. To make one's self too cheap; se To CHEAPEN, v. a. Licitari. CHEAPLY, ore?. Parvo pretio; vili. CHEAPNESS, s. Vilitas. To CHEAT, s. 1. To impose upon, deceive ; alicui imponere, fucum facere aliquem fallere, fucum facere,
;

abjicere.

II.

Liberality to the poor ; in pauperes beneficientia,


s.
;

or'benignitas.

CHARLATAN,

Circumforaneus pharmacopeia, Cic.


circulatorius, Curt.
s.

decipere, in errorem, or in captionem, inducere, Cic (In jest); aliquem lepide ludificari, or alicui illudere, Cic. II. To disappoint ; aliquem in re fraud are fal;
lere
;

circulator, Cels.

frustrari

CHARLATANRY,

Verborum

'

praestigiae, Cic.

ver-

bosae strophae, Phaedr.

CHARLES'S WAIN. s. Ursa, or Arctos, major. I. Enchantment; CHARM, s. cantio, Cic.; cantamen, Propert. ; incantamentum fascinum ; fascinatio ; Plin. II. Allurement; illecebra; lenocinium, Cic.;
;

Ill To cheat one's self; se ipsum circumscribere, or in fraudem induere. CHEAT, g. I. A fraud; fraus. dis, f. ; dolus fallacia. II. A person guilty of fraud ; fraudulently ; vafer veterator ; fraudum artifex To play the cheat ;
; ;

exspectationem alicujus decipere.

fallaciter,

illectus, us,

To enchant; fascinare, Virg. To charm away pain or grief ; doincantare, Plin II. To delight; lorem lenire aegritudinem obtundere.
v. a.
I.
; ;

To CHARM,
;

m., Plaut.; delinimentum, Tac.

demulcere
iga.

s. I. An enchanter; magus sagus fern, One who delights; deliciae, arum, f. pi. CHARMING, a. Jucundus; jueundissimus; quo nihil jucundius. Charming beauty; eximia pulchritude A house in a charming situation ; domus in loco amcenissimo sita. A man of charming manners ; homo A charming omni lepore et venustate affluens, Cic.

permulcere

illicere

pellicere

; ;

trahere.
;

CHARMER,
II.

forts ;

conatum refutare, Cic. ; impetum infrenare, Plin. To check murmurings ; linguam et sermonem retunTo check licentiousness ; licentiae frena inTo check one's passions ; libidines refreicere, Hor. II. To chide ; aliquem objurnare, or coercere, Cic.
dere, Liv
jare, or verbis castigare

refrenare ; Cic To ; cohibere ; check one's self ; se tenere ; stare ; sistere ; consistere. To check impudence or boldness ; audaciam comprimere ; petulantiam frangere ; Cic. To check one's ef-

To CHECK, v. a. comprimere ; coercere

subdole, or veteratorie, agere, Cic.


I.

To repress, curb ; reprimere;

pleasure; suavissima voluptas.

CHARMINGLY, ad. Eximie CHARNEL-KOUSE. s. Locus


(ossuaria, x,
f.,

pulchre
in

bene.
;

quo ossa conduntur

Ulp.).

CHART,

s.

Tabula geographica
s.

Nautical chart;
tabula
;

tabula nautica.

; reprehendere. Stop; obstaculum, Plaut.; impedito ; rei moras afferre, or II. Restraint; frenum To mpedimentum infer re. put a check upon; frena injicere ; frenare ; refrenare; III. A reproof; clemens castireprimere; coercere. IV. A counter-mark at a gatio, Cic. ; reprehensio. V. Loss, misforheatre, Sjc. ; altera scena? tessera.

CHECK, s. nentum, Cic.

I.

To give a check

CHARTER,
locare.

To CHARTER

Diploma,

atis, n.

charta.

(a ship). v. a.

Navim conducere,

or

CHARY, a. Consideratus ; prudens ; cautus. To CHASE, v. a. I. To hunt ; venari ; sectari; canibus agitare; exagitare. II. To drive away; pellere; depellere ; expellere ; ejicere ; detrudere ; extrudere ;
pic.
III.

To receive a (in war) ; detrimentum ; clades To receive a terrible heck; detrimentum accipere. An heck; gravissimo fortunae vulnere premi, Cic. army that has received a check; mutilatus exercitus, Cic.

une

To CHECKER or CHEQUER, v. a. I. To variegate i rariare; vario colore, or variis coloribus, distinguere.


II.

To

To pursue (an enemy)

fugientem hostem

acere
>pus.

insequi, persequi, Cic. ; fugientibus instare, Curt. ; terIV. gis, or in tcrgis, fugientium haerere, Tac. ; Curt. To work in relievo; caelare auro, argento, Cic., in auro, Virg., aurum, Plin.

CHECKERVVORK.

tesselate ; vermiculari ; vermiculatum opus tesselatum opus concinnare. 5. Vermiculatum, or tesselatum,


I.

CHASE. *. I. Hunting ; venatio; venatus, us, m. A dog of the chase ; canis venaticus Implements for the chase ; instrumentum venatorium. To go out to the
50

Tesselated; vermiculatus, Cic.; Mingled; mistus. ae, f. Large cheeks ; fluentes To That has large cheeks ; bucculentus mccae, Cic. ive a blow on the cheeks ; alicui genam percutere.
esselatus, Suet.
II.

CHECKERED.
s.

CHEEK,

Gena; mala,

COMPUTE
.

CONCERN
;

Supputare ; rationcm putare riant. ; calculos subducere, Cic. ; calculum ponere, Ov. To compute the expense ; sumptus ad calculos vocare ; sumptuum rationem habere ; Cic. COMRADE, s. Socius (in arms) ; commilito, onis, Cic. ; commiles, itis, Caes. To CON. v. n. i. e. To commit to memory} memorise mandare. To CONCATENATE, v. a. Nectere connectere ; facere ut alia ex aliis apta nexaque sint, Cic. CONCATENATION, s. Series continuatio; Cic Concatenation of events ; eventorum consequentia, Cic Concatenation of secret causes; causarum latentium
v. a.
:

To COMPUTE,

rem, spectare non attinet, Cic

te nihil contingit, Liv. He is careful and exact in all which concerns his duty ; omnes officii partes impigre ac strenue obit Concerned > ad quern res spec-tat, or It concerns me, thee, him; ad me, te, se, perattinet.
tinet, or spectat
II. mea, tua, sua, interest, or refert. To disturb, trouble ; aliquem sollicitare, or in sollicitudinem adducere, Cic. ; molestiam, sollicitudinem, alicui To be creare, or afferre angere ; sollicitum habere concerned at; ex aliqua re ffigritudinem, or molestiam,
; ;

That doet not concern me; id ad me This does not concern you at all; hoc

nexus, us, Curt.

CONCAVE, a. CONCAVITY,
Plin.
;

To
de
re,

Concavus, Cic. ; convexus, Virg. Convexa, orum, n. pi. ; convexitas, See CAVITY. CONCEAL, v. a. I. To hide ; abdere ; occulere ;
s.

convexio, Cell.

Cic. ; abscondero, Sen. II. To keep secret; j To conceal a thing from any one , celare aliquem or rcm alicui, Ter. ; celare aliquid aliquem, Cic. He has concealed important matters from you , de maximis rebus ab illo celatus es, Cic.

occultare
celare.

CONCEALABLE. Quod celari potest. CONCEALMENT, s. I. The act of hiding ; occultatio. II. The state of being hid ; latebra To be in con.
.

propter aliquid zegritudine, molestia, or solIII. To concern one's self (about a licitudine, To thing) ; in partem rei venire ; aliqua re moveri concern one's self about a person or Ais interests; alicujus rationibus inservire ; ad rationei alicujus se adjungere ; alicui studere, Cic. I. Affair ; res ; neCONCERN, CONCERNMENT. *. II. Importance; momentum; pondus, eris, gotium. n Of great concern; magni momenti et ponderis III. Of trifling concern ; levis, or minimi, momenti. IV. Uneasiness; solliCare; cura ; animi attentip. citudo ; cura ; angor ; anxietas. CONCERNING, prep. De ; circa ; super ; (with an ablasuscipere
;

affici.

tive).
I. Symphony ; concentus, us ; harmoCONCERT, s. Cic. Instrumental concert ; symphonia, Cic. Vocal concert ; harmonia The pleasure of a concert ,oblectatio ex temperata varietate sonorum, Cic To

cealment; latitare; delitescere ; in occulto stare; Cic. In concealment ; latens latitans ; abditus ; Cic. To CONCEDE, v. n. Concedere ; tribuere et concedere, Cic. To concede the demand of any one ; alicujus postulationi concedere, Cic., or postulatis annuere, Plin. CONCEIT, s. I. Conception, thought, understanding ; mentis actio, Cic. A witty conceit ; lepidum cpgitatio dictum Pretty conceits; sales, him facetiae, arum, f. A conceit; informata animo species, Cic. II. pi.
; ; ;

nia,

make a concert ; concentum efficere, Cic. II. Communication of designs ; consensus, fts ; consensio ; concordia ; conspiratio ; Cic To act in concert with another in a design; cum aliquo ad rem conspirare; ad In concert; ex aliquid communem operam conferre.
pacto
Plin.
;

compacto, Cic.
v. n.

composite, Ter.
a.
I.

ex composite,

Fancy
III.

excogitandi
idle

vis.
;

Idle conceits

; ineptise.

To

indulge in

conceits

ad ineptias abire, Cic.


;

To

CONCERT,

and

own

conceit of one's setf; nimius sui suspectus, us, To have a great conceit of one's self ; sentire de se clare ac magnifice ; de se summam opinionem habere ; de se bene existimare, Cic. To be any thing in one's

Opinion;

opinio

existimatio

judicium, Cic

fond

Sail.

conceit ; putare se esse aliquid, Plin Self-conceit ; sui fiducia. To be out of conceit with ; fastidire ; satietate et fastidio alienari ab ; Cic. To put one out of conceit with a thing ; alicui fastidium et satietatem rei afferre, creare, or movere, Cic. ; abalienare aliquem, or

nimia

cum aliquo de negotio deliberare, de re consultare, or consilia conferre, Cic To con cert respecting an answer ; II. To consultare, deliberare, quid sit respondendum. settle or agree upon together ; cum aliquo rem, or de re, constituere ; rei consilium sociare, conjungere. CONCESSION, s. Cpncessio ; concessus, us ; concessum ; res concessa, Cic. To CONCILIATE, v. a. I. To procure good will ; aliCic. ; cujus gratiam, or benevolentiam, sibi
conciliare, Virg.
II.
;

To deliberate together ;

voluntatem alicujus, ab aliquo, Cic. To CONCEIT, v. a. See To FANCY, IMAGINE. CONCEITED, a. I. Proud, vain ; superbus ; arrogans gloriosus qui de se bene existimat, or clare ac To magnifice sentit, Cic. qui putat se esse aliquid. be conceited ; de se bene existimare, c. II. Opinionative ; opinipne imbutus. III. Affected, fantastical; nimis exquisitus ; accersitus ; Cic. ; in ostenstudipsius tationem compositus, Liv.; affectatus, Quint. CONCEITEDNESS. S. See CONCEIT. CONCEIVABLE, a. Quod animo comprehend!, concipi,
; ; ;

componere, Hor.
alteri, Cic.

conciliare

To reconcile; amicos avcrsos animos hominum, or alterum

comparare,

CONCILIATION, s. Conciliatio, Cic. CONCILIATOR.*. Conciliator, Varr. ; f., conciliatrix ; conciliatricula, Cic. CONCILIATORY, a. Ad conciliandum aptus. CONCISE, a. Concisus ; pressus ; brevis ; contractus ; Cic. To use a concise style ; concise ac presse dicere, Cic. CONCISELY, ad. Breviter ; paucis verbis. Very concisely; perbreviter ; peranguste, Cic.
CONCISENESS,
this sense.)
s.

or percipi, potest

To

CONCEIVE,
;

cipere

conceptum
;

rem

sibi

quod in intelligentiam cadit Cic. I. (As a mother) ; conand n. facere. II. To form in the mind ; cogitatione fingere, or depingere ; rem animo
;

Brevitas.

(Concisio

is

not used in

v. a.

I have conceived great hopes effingere fingere; Cic. He has concerning him ; me complevit bona spe, Caes He conceived great hopes ; spes magnas fovet animo has conceived a great dislike of work ; laboris satietas eum cepit, Ter / have conceived a suspicion concernTo conoeive ing him; incidit de illo sinistra opinio. hatred anger against any one; odium in aliquem III. To plot, concipere; cum aliquo indignari, irasci. IV. To understand ; indevise ; machinari; struere. telligere percipere, Cic. ; cogitatione, animo, comconcipere ; comprehendere. plecti To CONCENTRATE, v. a. Ad centrum compellere ; duas res in unum cogere. To concentrate one's affections on one object ; aliquem unice amare, Cic. To CONCENTRATE, v. n. In unum veluti corpus coire ;
; ;

CONCLAMATION. s. Conclamatio, Caes. CONCLAVE, s. I. Assembly of the cardinals; sacer II. Place where patrum purpuratorum consessus.
III. they assemble; conclave, is. concilium sanctius, or secretius.

Any

close

assembly f

To CONCLUDE,

v. a.

and n.

I.

To end, terminate ;

concludere ; absolvere ; terminare ; finire ; rei finem To conclude a business f nefacere, or imponere, Cic. To congotium conficere, explicare, or expedire, Cic clude (in speaking) ; veniamus aliquando ad clausulam, Cic. II. To determine, decide; statuere, or constiTo conclude upon any thing ; statuere, contuere, Cic. He had concluded not to be present ; stituere, de re
statuerat et deliberaverat
inferre, Cic

non

adesse, Cic.

III.

To

coalescere

or, cogi.

CONCENTRIC, CONCENTRICAL. a.
altero est centrum.

Cui commune cum

conclude by ratiocination ; aliquid ex alio concludere, or To conclude falsely ; vitiose concludere, To conclude rightly; bene colligere, Cic Quint. Hence we conclude; ex his concluditur, infertur, colligere
Cic.
s.
I.

est

CONCLUSION,
I.

Close ;

negotii

confectio

rei

CONCEPTION, s. conceptus, us; Cic.


;

Act of conceiving ; conceptio ; II. Faculty of comprehension ; To have a mens intelligentia ; Cic. ; mentis acies. To be slow quick conception ; celeriter arripere, Cic. He has a ready of conception; tarde percipere, Cic
huic mens est acris et vigens ; est mente ; acerrima ; celeriter animo omnia cpmprehendit ; Cic He has a slow conception ; hebet illi mentis acies ; est These things are great, beyond obtusiore mentis acie. conception; tarn sunt magna, ut ea vix cujusquam mens / have formed no conaut cogitatio capere possit, Cic III. ception of those things ; ea minus intellexi, Cic. in animo forma rerum ; notio ; Notion, idea; impressa Cic To give some conception of a thing; tradere rei notionem, Plin. I. To belong to, interest, regard; To CONCERN, v. a. ad aliquem, or ad rem, pertinere, or attinere ; rcm, ad
conception
64

peroratio

Conclusion of a discourse ; conclusio ; Conclusion of a play ; tabula; ; Cic Cic. II. Final decision ; propositum ; fixum peractio, consilium. (I) have come to the conclusion; fixum. et statutum est ; stabile, fixum, ratum et decretum est ; sic III. Collection from premisses ; stat sententia; Cic. To draw a conclusion; aliquid ex conclusio; illatio. re concludere. CONCLUSIVE, a. Ad pervincendum idoneus A conclusive proof ; condusio ine$pugnabilis, Quint. I. To digest / coquere ; concoTo CONCOCT, v. a. II. To plot, contrive ; machinari ; struere. quere ; Cic.
exitus, us, Cic.
;

clausula

CONCOCTION, s. Ccctip. CONCOMITANT, a. Qui comitatur ; qui una sequitur. CONCOMITANTLY. ad. Una; simul. 1. Union ; concordia ; voluntatum CONCORD, s. With concord ; concorditer, Cic. consensio ; Cic

CONCORDANT
Brothers who live in the greatest concord; fratres conTo live in the cordissimi, or animo conjunctissimi. greatest concord with another; cum altero concordissime To maintain concord { concordiam tueri, or vivere. To disturb concord ; concordiam conglutinare, Cic.
disjungere
metiri

CONDITION
III. Rank; debet, Ilor. conditio; genus, IV. eris, n. ; locus; Cic.; natales, ium, pi., Tac. To impose condiStipulation ; conditio ; lex ; Cic. tions ; alicui leges imponere, praescribere, statuere ; He has imaliquem conditionibus adstringere, Cic. posed a hard condition on me ; duram mihi conditionem statuit, Cic. They have imposed that condition n him ; illi hanc conditionem ferunt, ut, Cic It is the part of the conqueror to propose conditions of peace, and of the vanquished to receive them ; ferre conditiones To accept conditions ; est victoris, accipere victi, Cic. conditiones accipere ; ad conditiones pactionesque acTo reject conditions ; conditiones rejicere, cedere, Cic. Not to observe conditions; respuere, repudiare, Cic. To abide by conpacta et promissa non servare, Cic On condition that; ditions; conditionibus stare, Cic. ea lege, or conditione, or sub ea conditione, ut, with a V. State of conjunctive ; modp ; dummodo ; Cic. VI. Temper, body ; corporis habitudo, or habitus, us. disposition; mos, moris, m. ; indoles, is, f. To CONDITION, v. n. See To STIPULATE. CONDITIONAL, a. Cui adjuncta est conditio ; quod ex conditione servanda pendet. CONDITIONALLY, ad. Adjuncta conditione.
.

concord

consensum divellere, Cic. To establish ; II. Cic. ; rem ad concordiam adducere, III. Agreement; pactum ; pactio; conventum; Cic. Harmony; harmonia; concentus, us; concordia, Cic. IV. (hi grammar) ; verborum constructio, or structura, Cic.
;

convenientia.
;

CONCORDANT, a. Concordans consentiens. CONCORDAT, s. Pactum, or pactio, de rebus ad

eccle-

siam pertinentibus. CONCOURSE, s. Concursus, us ; concursio ; Cic. There ts a great concourse ; undique concurritur, Cic. Concourse of atoms ; atomorum fortuita concursio, Cic. Concourse of vowels ; vocalium concursus, Cic.

To CONCRETE,
;

coagmentari

v. n. Inter se jungi copularique, Cic. coalescere.

CONCRETE, s. Massa; moles; permistio CONCRETE, a. Concretus, Mart. CONCRETION, s. Concretio permistio ; Cic. ; mistura. CONCUBINAGE, s. Concubinatus, us, Plaut.; pellicatus, us, Cic. (with reference to the concubine of a mar;

CONDITIONED
ratus
:

ried man).

CONCUBINE, s. (Of a single man) ; concubina, se, f.: (of a married man) ; pellex, icis, f., Cic. CONCUPISCENCE, j. Effrenata libido, or cupiditas Concupiscence kindles the flames of every passion ; corporis racibus inflammari solemus ad omnes cupiditates,
Cic.
v. n. I. To meet in one point; invicem II. To join in one utrinque obviam fieri. action ; ad rem cum alio concurrere, or conspirare, Cic. Every thing concurs toivards his advancement ; illius III. To concur with ; cum alihonori favent omnia. quo consentire, or convenire. CONCURRENCE, s. i.e. Consent; consensus, us; conWith my concurrence ; me sensio ; approbatio ; Cic. aunuente, or approbante. CONCURRENT, s. Concurrens ; qui una fit, evenit. CONCURRENTLY, ad. Una ; simul ; conjuncte. CONCUSSION, s. Concussio ; concussus, us. I. To find guilty ; damnare ; To CONDEMN, v. a.

To CONDOLE,
CONDOLENCE,

(well, ill), part. a. (Of persons) ; mo(of things) ; constitutus. Dolorem officiosum significare ; v. n.

simul dolere; (condolere, Hieron.).

To CONDUCE,
;

s. Dolor ex alterius dolore perceptus. Message of condolence ; doloris officiosa significatio. v. n. Contribuere ; conferre ; adju-

To CONCUR,
;

occurrere

mento esse ad Cic. CONDUCIVE, a. Utilis aptus accommodus. CONDUCT, s. administratio I. Management;
; ;

gu-

Conduct of public procuratio, Cic. affairs ; publicarum rerum curatio et administratio, Cic. To give to one the conduct of an army; aliquem ducem exercitui prseficere, Cic. : (of a war); bello praeponere, Cic To give one the conduct of any thing ; aliquem rei (To take it proeficere ; alicui praefecturam rei dare
srnatio
;

curatio

away)

rei

curam demere,

Cic.

demovere, Tac.

II. Escort,

j aliquem de cura rerum guard; praesidium co;

mitatus, Cic. ; comitum turba. itae, or vivendi, ratio, Cic.

To condemn to punishment ; damnare ad exsilio (to the galleys); (to banishment) supplicium ad triremes (to death) capite; prmorte addicere, Cic. ( to perpetual imprisonment) ; in custodiam aaternam To condemn one's self to banishment ; exsidare, Cic II. To censure ; arguere ; lium sibi consciscere, Cic. culpare ; improbare ; reprehendere vituperare, Cic One cannot condemn that ; id effugit vituperationem, or

condemnare
:

III. Behaviour ; ratio ; To charge one to watch Ute conduct of another ; aliquem alteri custodem addere, Plaut lam utterly astonished at your conduct; vestram nequeo satis mirari rationem, Ter. To CONDUCT, v. a. I. To lead; ducere deducere ; alicui ducem se praebere, Cic To conduct one to his house ; II. To manage; adminisaliquem domum deducere. To conduct trare ; gubernare ; moderari ; gerere, Cic.
;

the qffairs of state

administrare rempublicam, Cic

abest a reprehensione, Cic erratum agnoscere, Cic.

To condemn one's self;

CONDEMNABLE. a. \. e. Blameworthy ; vituperabilis, Cic.; vituperandus, Auct. ad Her.; reprehensione dignus, Cic. CONDEMNATION. *. I. The act of condemning; damnatio ; condernnatio. Condemnation to exile ; aquae et Sentence of condemnation ; damignis interdictio, Cic. natorium judicium, Cic. : (of death); capitale judicium.
II.

Blame, censure
a.
.

vituperatio

reprehensio.

CONDEMNATORY,
condensare, Col. Varr.

Damnatorius, Cic.

CONDENSATION. 5. To CONDENSE, v.
;

Densatio. Densare, Virg.; addensare, Plin.; spissare, Cels. ; cogere ; comprimere,

To CONDENSE,
air
;

To conduct an army; ducere exercitum, Cic.; praeesse exercitui To conduct an affair ; rem gerere, administrare (well) ; rem optime suo ductu gerere, Cic. III. To attend; (cleverly) ; rem astute tractare, Tac. comitari : (by way of respect) ; deducere, Cic. ; latus : Liv. Hor., (in great numbers) ; celetegere, claudere, brare (as an escort) ; praesidii causa comitari. CONDUCTOR, s. I. A leader; dux, Cic. ; dux via?, Curt. ductor ; praefectus ; dux II. A manager; atque princeps, Cic. CONDUIT, s. Ductus, us, Cic. ; canalis, is, m., Vitr. ; aquarum ductus, Cic. CONE. s. (In geometry) ; conus, i, m., Cic. To CONFABULATE, v. n. Cpnfabulari, Plaut. ; Ter. Familiarissima collocutio; serCONFABULATION, s. mo; colloquium ; Cic. ; (confabulatio, Tert.).
: : :

v. n.

Densari

condensari, Varr.

To CONFECT.
CONFECTION,
;

v. a.
s.
I.

Condire.

CONDENSED, part.
concretus
;

a.

Densus; densatus
I.

Condensed
alicui indul-

A
II.
;

sweetmeat; poma saccharo

aiir,

To CONDESCEND, gere morem gerere

Cic. v. n.

aut

melle condita.
compositio, Cels.

An

electuary;

confectio,

To yield;

Gell.

cedere ; ad nostram voluntatem adducere. II. To vouchsafe ; He did not dignari, with an infinitive or an ablative condescend to speak to me ; me non dignum judicavit quem alloqueretur. He did not condescend to look at him ; ilium ne aspexit quidem ; or, ne aspectu quidem III. To humble one's self; se demittere ; dignatus est. superbiam ponere. CONDESCENSION, s. Obsequium ; indulgentia ; sui demissio.

; alienee voluntati obsequi, or conaccommodare se ad alterius voluntatem ; alterum

CONFECTIONER. *. Qui (quae) poma condit. CONFEDERACY, s. Fcedus, eris, n. ; societas confirTo break a confedemata foedere ; consociatio ; Cic racy ; feedus violare, rumpere ; consociationem dissolOne who breaks a confederacy ; fcedifragus, vere, Cic.
Cic.

medica compositip.

To CONFEDERATE,
Cic.
;

v.
;

n.

Cum

aliis

feedus
;

facere,

foedere conjungi

alicui foedere jungi

Liv.

CONFEDERATE, a. Fcederatus ; fcedere conjunctus. To CONFER, v. n. Cum aliquo, or inter se, colloqui, Cic. ; sermonem conferre ferre ; communicare ; Cic
; capita conferre ; conTo confer concerning a matter ; de re conferre, deliberare, communicare, consilium inire, Cic We will confer together about it ; de his coram, sc. agemus ; coram de his conferemus,

CONDESCENDING,
demittens
;

a. part.
;

Obsequens

indulgens

se

demissus.

ditura,

CONDIGN, a. Dignus meritus ; condignus, Plaut. CONDIMENT, s. Condimentum ; conditio ; Cic.; conSen Fig. ; additus rei lepos ; commendatio ;

Cic.

To CONFER,

v.

a.

I.

CONDISCIPLB. s. Condiscipulus, Cic. To CONDITE. v. a. Cibos condire, Cic. CONDITION, s. I. State ; conditio ; status, us ; fortuna. II. Circumstances; conditio; status, us ; vitae genus ; iastitutum ; vitae institutum ; Cic. To be satisfied or content with one's condition ; sua sorte contentum vivere, Ilor Every one ought to live accordto his ing condition ; quisqiie so suo modulo ac pede

or alteri, comparare; unum cum alio, or alteri, condon are ; II. To bestow (on or upon); ferre; Cic. conferre ; tribuere ; attribuere. To confer a benefice upon one ; jus ecclesiastici beneficii in aliquem conferre. III. To contribute ; see To CONTRIBUTE.
collocutio

To compare

rem cum

alia,

CONFERENCE, s. I. Conversation ; colloquium ; To enter upon a confer; congressus, us ence ; ad colloquium venire, Cic. They are engaged in

CONFESS
a conference ; colloquuntur inter se, Cses We must have a conference with him; in ejus congressum colloquiumque veniendum est, Cic. They have had a long conference upon that affair ; ea de re multa inter se communicaverunt, Cic. Conference respecting peace; Secret conferences with the enemy ; tolloquia de pace. clandestina cum hostibus, Cic. II. Comparison ; colcontentio ; Cic. To I. To own; rem, or a., .,and r. de re, confiteri. To confess one's fault; peccatum, or de peccato, confessione patefacere, Cic To oblige to confess a crime ; extorquere ab aliquo ut scelus fateatur, Cic Confess that you are wrong; fatere ingenue te esse in culpa, Cic To confess freely ; fateri ; profiteri. II. To acknowledge publicly ; profiteri (verum), Ov. To confess Christ ; fidem Christianam confiteri, profiIII. To disclose the state of the conscience ; teri, tueri. peccata sacerdoti declarare, or sacerdotis auribus committere. IV. To hear the confession of a penitent ; confitenti delicta aures praebere. CONFESSEDLY, ad. Ex confesso. Confessio CONFESSION. *. To be taken by one's own confession ; sua confessione indui, Cic Confession Confession of sins ; delictooffaith ; fidei professio. rum pia confessio A general confession ; confessio To make peccatorura per totam vitam admissorum one's confession; see To CONFESS, III.
;

CONFINEMENT
IV. Pass. To be confined (in childbed); ex puerperio, or ex partu, decumbere, Ter. cohiCONFINEMENT, a. I. Restraint ; coercitio bitio. II. Imprisonment ; in custodia inclusio ; cap;

tivitas.

To be kept

dia, attincri,

Tac

in carcere, Liv.

latio

comparatio CONFESS, v.

CONFESSIONAL,

s.

Sacrum

I. A priest who hears confessions ; CONFESSOR, s. He is my confessor ; sacramenti poenitentiae administer II. One -who est meae conscientiae arcanus arbiter. makes confession of the Christian faith in the face of danger ; Christianae fidei propugnator. CONFIDANT, s. Alicujus consiliis intimus, Ter. ; qui He is my conconsiliorum alterius est particeps, Cic Jidant; meis consiliis est intimus, Ter. ; est mihi in rebus privatis omnibus conscius, Cic. ; est meorum omnium arcanorum arbiter, Curt. To CONFIDE, v. n. Alicui fidere, Cic., confidere, Caes., fidem habere, Cic. ; alterius fidei se committere. I confide entirely in you ; rem omnem tibi permitto, / confide in you only ; tibi uni omnia credo, Cic. Cic You may confide in me ; de me tibi spondere possum, Cic Confide in me ; da te mihi, 1 er. ; meae te

pcenitentiae tribunal.

I. v. a. To strengthen; firmare ; confirmare ; stabilire ; roborare ; Cic To confirm one in his opinions ; aliquem in sententia confirmatiorem He confirmed his promise with an oath ; efficere Jo jurejurando fidem firmavit, Cic., alligavit. Sen. confirm by good arguments ; rem exquisitis rationibug II. To ratify, settle ; confirmare, confirmare, Cic. The letters confirm the Cic. ; rei fidem addere, Liv. news that Murcena is made consul ; liters celebrant Muraenam factum esse consulem, Cic. To confirm by new proofs ; rem gravioribus argumentis confirmare ; rei fidem, auctoritatem, et firmamentum adjunIII. To administer the rite of confirmation ; gere, Cic. impositis manibus fideles confirmare. In confirmation of CONFIRMATION, s. Confirmatio this good news ; in fidem tarn laetarum rerum, Liv. To give confirmation ; see To CONFIRM. CONFIRMATORY, a. Quo res confirmatur ; fidem ret faciens ; Quint. To CONFISCATE, v. a. Bona fisco adjudicare, Cic. ; addicere ; confiscare, Suet.; 'Ihe proscribere, Cic property of the exiles is confiscated ; bonis mulctantur

To

in confinement ; carcere, or custoHe is in confinement; asservatur III. Childbed; puerperium, Plin.

CONFIRM,

exules, Cic.

CONFISCATED, part. a. Fisco addictus. One whose property is confiscated ; confiscatus, Suet. CONFISCATION, s. Fisco bonorum addictio ; bonorum
proscriptio, or sectio, Cic.

That confides or in meam fidem, committe ; Cic. in himself ; bene sibi fidens, Cic. Not to confide in any one ; alicui dimdere, Cic They confide in their innocence ; sunt innocentia freti, Cic. To CONFIDE, v. a. i. e. To intrust ; rem alicui comTo confide secrets ; mittere, credere, concredere, Cic. alteri consilia committere, or animum credere, Cic. CONFIDENCE.*. I. Trust; fiducia, Liv. : (in any Unlione); alicujus Self confidence ; sui fiducia To place confidmited confidence ; confidentia, Cic. ence in any one; confidere alicui, Caes., aliquo, Cic., in aliquo, Hirt To have confidence in anyone; alicui fidem habere, adjungere, Cic. You have but little confidence in me ; parva mihi apud te est fides, Plaut You are not worthy of confidence ; fide nulla es, Plaut. You are the man in whom he reposes the greatest confidence ; tibi maximam fidem rerum suarum habet, Cic. A man worthy of confidence; homo fidus, certus,
fidei,
;

CONFITS. s. pi. Poma saccharo aut melle condita ; tragemata, um, n. pi. CONFLAGRATION, s. Conflagratio, Sen. To CONFLICT, v n. Confligere ; certare ; concertare ; decertare ; pugnare. I. Collision ; conflictus, us ; conCONFLICT, s. flictio ; Cic. ; collisus ; concursus, us ; congressus. II. A fight; certamen ; pugna ; prcelium, Cic. III. Contest ; contentio ; concertatio ; controversia ; rixa ; Cic. CONFLUENCE, s. I. The meeting of two rivers ; confluens ; confluentes, sc. fluvii, Liv The confluence of the
.

Meuse and
II.

the

A concourse of people ; concursus, us

Rhine ; Mosas

et

Rheni confluens,
;

Caes.

frequentia;

ccetus, us.

CONFLUENT, a. Confluens. To CONFORM, v. a. Rem alteri, or ad alterum, accommodare, Cic. To CONFORM, v. n. ( To the will of another) ad alad alterius arbitrium terius voluntatem se conformare (To other nutumque se fingere et accommodare Cic. manners, &c. ) alterius in mores congruere, Liv. mores
;

induere, Plin.

Cic Our sentiments are conformable ; nostri ; sensus congruunt, Cic No one's sentiments are more conformable to mine ; nemo in terris est mihi tarn consenesse
tientibus sensibus, Cic.

CONFORMABLE, a. Consentaneus consentiens; conTo be conformable ; congruere consentant-um gruens


; ;

Cic. II. Boldness; fidentia; fidens animus ; fiducia ; CONFORMABLY, ad. Congruenter ; convenienter ; with a dative. Cic. To live conformably to the rules of reason ; animus I. Sure, certain ; certus (de re) CONFIDENT, a. vitam ad normam rationis dirigere To live conformCic To be confident of a thing ; explo- ably to nature ; congruenter naturae convenienterque non dubius / am confident of it ; id certo vivere, Cic. ratum habere, Cic Conformably to the rules of philosophy ; viII. Bold; fidens; confidens ; praefidens; tam ex philosophies praeceptis agere, Cic To act conscio, Cic. III. Trusting; qui sponte fidem aliis formably to orders received ; ex praescripto res adminisaudax; Cic.
; ;

adjungit.

trare, Cic.

tanter

I. Without doubt; non dubiCONFIDENTLY, ad. haud dubie ; sine dubio ; profecto ; certo Cic. ;
;

CONFORMATION,
figuratio, Piin.

s.

Corporis conformatio, constructio,

Boldly ; fidenter ; confidenter ; libere ; audacIII. With firm trust; ter; Cic.; audentius, Tac.
II.

cum

fiducia.
s.

CONFIGURATION,
or species. CONFINES,
s. pi.

Externa corporum forma,

figura,

Fines, ium, m. pi. ; confinium ; Cic. ; confinia, orum, n. pi., Cic.; (dat. confiniis, Cic., confiTo mark the confines of a territory ; agri nibus, Plin.) fines terminare, Cic.

To

CONFINE,
;

v. n.

i.

e.

To border upon;
;

confinem
;

esse, Cic.

To

proximum
v. a.

esse, Curt.
I.

terminare, Cic.
;

CONFINE,

To limit; rem terminare

suis terminis circumscribere, circumdare, finire To confine one's desires to nis definire, Cic.

termiis

what

necessary;

desiderare quod satis est,

Hor

Confine

your

II. To impridesires ; moderantius opta, Ov. son ; in carcerem, or in carcere, includere, or inclusum tenere ; in carcere detinere ; in carcerem, or in vinHe is confined in prison for life ; cula, conjicere, Cic. in sternum carcerem detrusus, or compactus, est, Plaut,, III. To restrain; coercere; reprimere ; cohiCic. To confine one's self to his bere ; circumscribere. To be confined rights ; intra fines juris sui cedere, Liv

Convenientia ; similitude; Cic. Conformity of sentiment ; sententiarum consensio, Cic. Conformity of manners ; morum congruentia, Suet. In conformity to ; see CONFORMABLY. To CONFOUND, v. a. I. To mix or huddle together ; plura permiscere ; commiscere ; confundere ; perturTo confound the good and the bad ; dignos bare ; Cic To confound one thing with indignis intermiscere, Liv You confound another ; alterum pro altero accipere one name with the other ; erras in nomine, Cic. II. To abash ; alicui pudore incutere, Cic. ; ruborem eliIII. To decere, Cic. ; aliquem pudore suffundere. stroy, overthrow ; pessum dare; evertere; perdere; profundere. To confound by argument ; adversario os occludere; frangere, Cic.; argumentis aliquem vincere. IV. To perplex ; see To PERPLEX. I. Mingled together ; confusus. CONFOUNDED, a. II. Abashed ; pudore suffusus. III. Unfortunate, unlucky ; infelix ; calamitosus. CONFOUNDEDLY, ad. Pessimum, or horribilem, in
s.

CONFORMITY,

modum.
CONFRATERNITY.
*.

To CONFRONT,

v.a.

See FRATERNITY. I. To stand against another in


;

by sickness ; morbo detineri bed; in lecto jacere; lecto


66

To be confined
detineri, or

to one's

teneri,

Cic.

full view ; alicujus in conspectum se dare ferre ; Cic.; coram aliquem se sistere.

alicui se ofII.

To com-

CONFRONTATION
pare
altera, or alteri, componere ; rem rei, III. To opcum re, or res inter se duas, conferre ; Cic. pose witnesses to an accused party ; testes reo producere, or opponere ; testes et reum inter se committere ; or, testes cum reo componere, Cic.
;

CONJOIN

ture is not without foundation ; habeo quo me conjectura ducat, Cic. To CONJOIN, v. a. Conjungere ; connectere. CONJOINT, a. Conjunctus ; connexus. CONJOINTLY, ad. Conjunctim ; conjuncte ; pariter ; CONFRONTATION, s. (A law term) ; testium cum reo una. CONJUGAL, a. Conjugialis, Ov. ; conjugalis, Sen. ; compositio. To CONFUSE, v. a. Miscere ; permiscere ; confun- connubialis ; maritalis, Juv Conjugal bond ; conjuConjugal tow;,socialis amor, Ov dere ; turbare ; perturbare. See also To CONFOUND. giale foedus, Ov. marita To violate confides, I Disturbed, out of order ; con; Propert CONFUSED part. a. fidelity Conjugal A confused cry ; jugal fidelity ; violare conjugii fidem, Plin. fusus ; perturbatus ; permistus ; Cic. CONJUGALLY, ad. More conjugum ; ut conjuges decet. inconditus clamor, Curt. A confused discourse ; confusa To CONJUGATE, v. a. (In grammar); verbum incliA confused notion ; compliet perturbata oratio, Cic cata animi notio, Cic. Confused reports ; rumores nullo nare ; declinare ; Varr. ; Quint. I. (With grammarians) ; verborum CONJUGATION, s. certo auctore, Cic. II. Covered with confusion, II. Union, asabashed ; multo rubore suffusus ; pudore suffusus, or con- flexura, Varr. ; (conjugatio, Rhem.). To be confused at any thing ; rei, rem, or de semblage ; Cumulata complexio, Cic. fusus, Ov I. (In grammar) ; A connective parCONJUNCTION, s. He was confused ; cepit eum verere, erubescere, Cic. ticle ; conjunctio, Cic. ; connexiva particula, Cell. cundia, Liv. II. (In astronomy) ; Conjunction of the sun and moon ; I. In a confused manner ; conCONFUSEDLY, ad. lunffi coitus, Plin. II. Without order ; Conjunction of the other heavenly fuse; permiste; perturbate; Cic. III. Association; III. Not plainly ; obscure, Cic. bodies; astrorum concursio, Cic. promiscue, Liv. condisorder I. Irregular mixture, CONFUSION, s. conjunctio. ; CONJUNCTIVE, a. Connexivus ; (conjunctivus, Tert. ; To throw into confusion ; fusio ; perturbatio, Cic. In what confusion are our af- Priscian.). omnia permiscere, Cic. Rerum concursus, us, Cic. At CONJUNCTURE, s. fairs ! quanta in rerum perturbatione versamur Cic He had rethe present conjuncture ; his temporibus. II. In confusion; confuse; permiste; promiscue. to the Cic verecundia To cause conjuncture of affairs at that time ; rationem ; gard Slushing, shame ; pudor ; confusion ; pudorem alicui incutere, Hor. ; aliquem in habuit temporum illorum. I. Conspiracy ; conjuratio ; conCONJURATION, s. magnam verecundiam adducere, Liv. I say it to my II. Enchantment; To his confusion ; in dedecus spiratio, Cic.; see CONSPIRACY. confusion ; pudet dicere. III. A conjuring; obtestatio ; efflaTfiat will cover you with lasting confusion ; magicae voces. suum, Veil obsecratio Cic. III. ; Id infliget tibi sempiternam turpitudinem, Cic. ; deprecatio gitatio ; To CONJURE, v.a. i.e. To entreat earnestly ; obseOverthrow, destruction; disturbatio ; eversio; disjectio ; crare ; obtestari ; orare atque obsecrare aliquem, ut ; ompernicies ; ruina. nibus ab CONFUTATION, s. Confutatio; refutatio; Cic. aliquo petere, Cic. precibus I. To conspire; (contra remTo CONJURE, v. n. To CONFUTE, v. a. Argumentum, or adversarhrm, reor Cic. To diluere, futare, confutare, repellere, confute publicam) conjurare ; (in rempublicam) conspirare ; Cic. II. To use enchantment ; magia, or arte magica, uti ; beforehand ; arguments et rationes infirmare, Cic. CoNGfi. s. See Bow, LEAVE. fascinare, Cell. ; incantare, Col. ; or, artibus magici To CONGEAL, v. a, Congelare ; in glaciem cogere ; manes evocare ; animus mortuorum elicere* CONJURER, s. Magus ; sagus ; or, qui artibtrs magicis gelu adstringere, Cic. manes evocat, Suet. ;--qui animos mortuorum elicit, Hor. To CONGEAL, v. n. Congelari, Col. CONNATE, a. A natura insitus. CONGELATION, s. Congelatio, Plin Congelations; To CONNECT, v. a. Rem rei, or cum re, jungere ; congelata, orum, n. pi. CONGENIAL, a. Affinis Fig. ; accommodus ; aptus ; conjungere ; connectere ; copulare ; Cic. CONNECTEDLY, ad. Conjunctim; conjuncte; simul ; congruens. CONGEII. s. Conger, gri, m., Plin. pariter. I. CONNEXION, s. Union ; rerum connexio ; conTo CONGEST, v. a. Congerere ; coacervare. II. Relation; convenientia. CONGESTION, s. Congestio. junctio ; junctio ; Cic. Connexion of friendship ; amicitiae conjunctio, conglutiTo CONGLOBATE, v. a. Conglobare, Cic. To break off connexion with one ; To CONGLOMERATE, v. n. Conglomerare, Cic. natio, vinculum, Cic. The connexion of the To CONGLUTINATE. v. a. Rem cum re, Cic., or res alicui societatem renuntiare, Cic. duas inter se, Varr., conglutinare. sciences; omnium doctrinarum concentus, us, Cic Connexion of the arts ; cognatio qua inter se artes contiCONGLUTINATION, s. Conglutinatio, Cic. To CONGRATULATE, v. a. Alicui rem, de re, gratu- nentur, Cic. Connexion of a discourse; conjunctio; A discourse without connexion ; non co(In behalf of another) ; alterius contextus, us. lari, congratulari, Cic nomine, Cic. They came immediately to congratulate haerens sermo, Cic. ; fluctuans et dissoluta oratio, Auct. To congratu- ad Her. me; mihi facta est statim gratulatio, Cic CONNIVANCE, s. late one's self; sibi gratulari, sibi gaudere, quod, Cic Dissimulatio, Cic. ; (conniventia, Asc. Fed.) One who congratulates ; gratulator, Cic. By connivance ; dissimulanter, Cic. To CONNIVE AT. v n. Dissimulare rem, Cic. ; conniCONGRATULATION, s. Gratulatio ; congratulatio ; Cic. A letter of congratulation; epistolagratulatpria, Capitol. vere in re Plin.

rem cum

CONGRATULATORY, a. Gratulabundus, Liv. To CONGREGATE, v. a. Congregare aggregare cogere in unum locum compellere, or congregare Cic. To CONGREGATE, v n. In unum locum convenire, ad locum concurrere, Cic. congregari. confluere, coire
;
; ;

CONNOISSEUR, s. Rei intelligens ; rerum peritus sestimator. A connoisseur in the fine arts ; qui habet oculos A connoisseur in music ; cujus aures in eruditos, Cic

To congregate secretly ; clam inter se convenire, Cic. CONGREGATION, s. Congregatio ; conventus, us ; ccetus, us Congregation congregata hominum frequentia assembled to hear a discourse ; consessus, us ; corona ;
;

A connoisseur in musicis vel minima sentiunt, Cic works of taste or literature; vir exquisite judicio, or judicio eruditissimus ; qui teretes aures habet intelli-

concio, Cic.

CONGREGATIONAL,
tinens.

a.

Ad ccetum, concionem,
;

&c.,per-

CONGRESS,

s.

Congressio, Cic.

congressus, us, Plin.


;

CONGRUENCE, s. See CONFORMITY. CONGRUOUS, a. Congruens ; aptus


Claud.

Cic.

congruus,

CONGRUITY. s. Congruentia, Suet. CONGRUOUSLY, ad. Congruenter convenienter, To speak congruously ; de re apte dicere, Cic.
;

Cic.

CONIC, CONICAL, a. Turbinatus, Plin.; infiguram coni formatus ; cono similis. CONJECTURAL, a. Conjecturalis ; conjectura poaitus; Cic To be only conjectural; conjectura contineri, Cic.
;

CONJECTURALLY. ad. Ex conjectura, Cic. To CONJECTURE, v. a. Rem ex re conjicere conjecturam ex re sumere, ducere, trahere, capere conjectura As far as judicare, prosequi, assequi, ad rem duci, Cic. I can conjecture ; quantum conjectura, or opinione, au;

gensque judicium, Cic. ; homo emunctae naris, Hor. CONNUBIAL, a. Conjugialis, Ov. ; conjugalis, Sen. ; Connubial love ; socialis connubialis ; maritalis ; Juv. amor, Ov. I. To gain by conquest; bello To CONQUER, v.a. To conquer kingdoms ; regna subigere, quaerere, Plin To conquer Cic. ; in ditionem suam redigere, Plin. provinces ; provincias sub imperium subjungere, or ad II. Cic. To vincere; subdue; imperium adjungere, To conquer enesuper are ; Cic. ; edomare ; domare. mies ; hostes vincere, or devincere, domare, or edomare, We superare, armis subigere, Cic. ; debellare, Liv must either conquer or die ; hauriendus vel dandus est He has conquered; superior discessit, sanguis, Liv Who has conquered? cui cessit victoria? Virg. Nep. We have conquered; res nostra fuit superior, Caes. He has been conquered ; discessit inferior, Cic. To conquer one's self or one's passions ; animum vincere, Plaut. cupiditates domare, or frangere ; sibi imperare ; Cic It is greater to conquer one's self than to conquer one's enemies; fortior est qui se quam qui dcvicerit
;

guror, Cic.

ON"QUERABLE. o.
s.

Qui vinci potest

superabilis

vmbello

CONJECTURE,

Conjectura, Cic

conjectatio, Plin.

cibtlis (fig.), Col.


I. Gained by conquest ; CONQUERED, part. a. partus, or quajsitus Conquered people ; piopuh armis subacti. Conquered countries; armis quaesiti fines, II. Subdued; Col.; regiones imperio adjunctae, Cic.

To form a conjecture; conjecturam ducere, ex re suTo mistake in one's conmere, trahere, or capere, Cic.
/ know only by conjecture; conjectura aberrare, Cic jecture ; conjectura id assecutuis sum, Cic My conjcc67

CONQUEROR
victus
;

CONSENTANEOUS
confess one's self
;

devictus

domitus, Cic

To

conquered; se victum fateri. CONQUEROR, s. Gentium, or hostium, victor populorum domitor He came off conqueror ; superior a To fall into the hands of a conpugna discessit, Nep Alexander queror ; victoris in manus devenire, Cic was the conqueror of Darius ; Darium debellavit Alexander, Plin Conqueror of one's passions ; cupiditatum domitor Conqueror of himself; sui potens, Liv. ; sui, or sibi, imperiosus, Plin. Hor. I. Victory ; victoria. To gain a CONQUEST, s. conquest; vincere; victoriam reportare; see also To CONQUER. A signal conquest ; victoria spectabilis, Tac.
;

CONSENTANEOUS, CONSENTANEOUSLY, a., ad. See CONFORMABLE, CONFORMABLY. CONSENTIENT, a. Consentiens ; conspirans. I. CONSEQUENCE, jr. Result, ejject ; consequens ; As a consequence of that ; ideo ; ergo ; consequentia idcirco ; ob cam causam ; ea de causa. II. Inference,
deduction ; consecutio ; consequentia ; Cic. ; see INIII. Moment, importance; momentum; FERENCE. A matter of some consequence; pondus, eris, n. ; Cic. res alicujus pretii, Cic (Oj great consequence) ; per-

momenti
nullius

magnum negotium

res

magna

et gravis

res

maximi

He

victoria
II.

Ocean ; ab Hellesponto usque ad Oceanum omnes gentes He undertook the conquest emensus est, Curt

extended his conquests

from

the Hellespont to the

et ponderis, Cic. (Of no consequence)', reg It is of consequence to me that momenti, Cic It is of I, ifc.; magni mea interest, with an infinitive consequence for the state, that ; id valde ad rempublicam

; expeditionem in Indias adornabat, Curt. That which has been gained by victory ; bello parta, or comparata (pi.), Cic. ; armis quaesita (pi.), Cic. CONSANGUINEOUS, a. Consanguineus, Cic. CONSANGUINITY, s. Consanguinitas, Liv. ; sanguinis

of India

man of consequence ; vir auctoripertinet, ut, Cic tate gravis, magna auctoritate, or in quo summa est auc-

thinks himself toritas, Cic videtur sibi esse quantivis pretii, CONSEQUENT, a. Consequens.

He

man of consequence;

Ter.

CONSEQUENT,
ideo Liv.
Cic.
;

s.
;

cognatio, Cic.

igitur, Cic.

Consequentia By consequent; atque adeo ; ob earn rem ; itaque ;

CONSCIENCE,
conscientia.

s.

i.

e.

A good conscience ; conscientia recta, Cic. A conscience; conscientia animi mala, Cic of an upright conscience ; homo religiosus, or inWithout conteger, Cic.; aequi servantissimus, Virg homo perditissimus, or intacti religione science; Remorse of conanimi, Liv. ; sine ulla religione, Cic. science ; conscientia maleficiorum, Cic. Tenderness of conscience ; officii religio, Cic A wound of conscience ; conscientiae labes, et vulnus, Cic In conscience, or with a good conscience; salva conscientia, Sen To have nothing upon one's conscience ; nil conscire sibi, Hor. That has nothing upon the conscience ; sibi nullius culpae Restrained by conscience ; religione reconscius, Cic. To examine one's conscience ; se frenatus, Lucr. To discharge expendere, Cic. ; conscientiam excutere the conscience ; conscientiam exonerare, Curt To rejoice in the testimony of conscience ; praeclara conscientia sustentari ; optimae mentis conscientia se consolari, Cic To act against conscience ; a recta conscientia Never to act against conaberrare, or discedere, Cic. Your science; ad conscientiam referre omnia, Plin. conscience will not allow it ; hoc citra culpam admittere non potes. A scruple of conscience ; religio. To make conscience of a thing; aliquid religion! habere, Cic In till conscience, i. e. in truth ; profecto ; vere ; certe ;
A bad

Sentiment of right and wrong;

CONSEQUENTIALLY, ad.

Apte

composite

concluse,

man

CONSEQUENTLY, ad. Igitur ; ideo ; ob earn rem. CONSERVATION, s. Conservatio ; salus, utis, f. CONSERVATIVE, a. Qui servat, &c. ; qui ad servandas res valet ; servator ; servatrix. To be a conservative ; To be of the conservreipublicae ad salutem intendere ative party in the stale ; attentos animos ad conservationem civium tenere, Cic.

CONSERVATOR,
lem. conservatrix

s.
;

Servator, Cic.
sospita, i. e.
ae, f.,

conservator, Liv.

Cic.

CONSERVATORY,
tiva
;

s.

greenhouse; cella arbus-

To

cella defendendis a frigore arbusculis. CONSERVE, v. a. I. To preserve;


;

conservare; tueri fructus condere ;

poma

servare; defendere. II. To candy fruits; condire (saccharo, vel melle) ;

componere. CONSERVES, s. To CONSIDER,

bona

fide.

CONSCIENTIOUS, a.
religiosior
;

(Vir)
Justus
;

rigidse

innocentiae,

Liv.;

a-quus

integer.

CONSCIENTIOUSLY, ad. Religiose ; bona fide ; Cic. CONSCIENTIOUSNESS, s Integritas. CONSCIOUS, a. Conscius in re, de re, Cic I am conscious that I was ; conscius mihi sum, me fuisse, Cic.
Conscious virtue ; virtus conscia.

saccharo vel melle condita. I. To look at attentively; rem II. To reflect considerare, contemplari, inspicere. To upon ; rem perpendere ; ponderare ; aestimare, Cic consider attentively ; rem examinare momentoque suo III. ponderare ; rem expendere atque aestimare, Cic. / have always considered To regard ; in loco habere him as my father ; eum semper habui loco patris ; semper hunc mihi loco patris esse duxi, Cic. ; hunc semper IV. To reverence, respect; pro parente colui, Liv. revereri et colere, Cic. ; reverentiam alicui praestare, Plin. V. To recompense ; aliquem remunerare, or remunerari, Cic. To CONSIDER, v.n.i. e. To think maturely ; rem, de re, meditari ; rem secum meditari, or cogitare ; deliberare,
pi.
v. a.

Poma

Cic.

CONSCIOUSLY, ad. Ex conscientia. CONSCIOUSNESS, s. Conscientia. CONSCRIPT, s. Conscriptus. CONSCRIPTION, s. Nomen militiae datum. To CONSECRATE, v. a. I. To dedicate (to God) To consecrate one's self ; dicare; dedicare; consecrare Deo se devovere.se addicere. II. To make sacred; III. To dedicate to some partisacrare ; consacrare. cular purpose; rei dedere, addicere ; in re collocare To consecrate one's setf to the service of the altar ; sacris
;

se adstringere, Cic.

CONSECRATE or CONSECRATED,
cratus Cic.

a.

Sacratus
sacer, or

conse-

Consecrated to

God; Deo

dicatus,

CONSECRATION, s. Consecratio ; dedicatio ; Cic. CONSECUTIVE, a. Proxime sequens, or subsequens ; continuus ; Cic Fifty consecutive years ; quinquaginta anni continui, Cic He solicits me in three consecutive letters ; tribus epistolis aliis super alias scriptis me
urget, Plin.

A considerable sum of money ; grandis, or inA considerable army; maximus, gens, pecunia, Cic or permagnus, exercitus, Cic A man considerable on account of his rank and reputation ; illustris honore et He enjoys a considerable reputation; exnomine, Cic. istimatione floret, Cic. See also GREAT, LARGE. CONSIDERABLY, ad. Valde; vehementer; maxime; insigniter, Cic.; notabiliter, Tac. Considerably heavier; multo gravius. CONSIDERATE, a. Consideratus ; circumspectus ; consultus ; prudens ; Cic. CONSIDERATELY, ad. Considerate ; consulto (not consuite) ; non temere, or inconsulte. CONSIDERATENESS. s. Prudentia, Cic.
deris.

See also To DELIBERATE. CONSIDERABLE, a. Gravis ; magni momenti et pon-

CONSECUTIVELY, ad.
Cic.

Continenter

sine intermissione,

CONSENT,
sensio.

s.

I.

Common

Agreement ; consensus, us

JSy common consent ; uno ex ore ; ex consensu omnium, Cic. II. Approbation, assent ; approbatio; assensio; With consent ; me annuente, or assensus, (is, Cic With the consent of all; omnium approbante, Cic. To give one's conconsensu, Caes. ; una mente, Cic. sent ; see To CONSENT. consent; me inAgainst

consent;

omnium

con; consensus, Cic

CONSIDERATION, s. I. Refaction, examination; consideratio ; examinatio ; animi attentio, Cic With Without consideration; considerate; consulto; Cic consideration ; inconsulte ; temere After full consideration ; re perspecta atque cognita ; re mult um diuque / have not done any thing but after full discussa, Cic consideration; tiihil feci non diu consideratum, et multo This demands consideration; hoc ante meditatum, Cic. est consideratione dignum, Cic To take into considerII. Motive, reason ; ation; see To CONSIDER. ratio; For many considerations; multis de causis, Cic. causa

III. Importance ; momentum; pondus, eris, n. IV. EsOf no consideration; nulliug momenti, Cic. timation ; existimatio ; locus ; pretium, Cic He is a man of no consideration ; in nullo numero est. V. my vito. To have consideration Regard ; ratio ; respectus, us. To CONSENT, v. n. Rei, or de re, assentiri ; asscnsu for any one; respectum ad aliquem habere; alicujug Without consideration for any To consent rationem habere ; Cic. suo rem comprobare rem approbare, Cic He would not one ; nulla cujusquam habita ratione to a request; petition! concedere, Cic In consideration consent; adduci non potuit ut huic rei assentiretur, of any thing or person; rei vel alicujus causa. VI. I consent that you pass that over in silence; con- Compensation ; merces ; premium ; remuneratio ; Cic. Cic. / consent to it ; per me Habita ratione ; ut, with an incedo tibi ut ea praetereas, Cic CONSIDERING, part. A thing consented to; assensa res, dicative licet; non abnuo. Considering his great age; atatis habita raCic To force one to consent ; alicui ex ammo assensio- tione ; bi ad sptatem spectes. Considering what o'clock nem extorquere, or extrahere, Cic Consenting; as- it is ; ut est diei tempus, Ter Considering these troublesome times ; pro temporum perturbaticne gentiens ; non invitus. He wat
.

my

CONSIGN
not incloqucnt, considering the times in which he lived non erat indisertus, ut temporibus illis, tit erant ilia Considering that tempora, or ut in tali tern pore, Cic. quoniam ; quando ; quandoquidem ; with an indicative cum, with a conjunctive ; Cic. I. To intrust ; rem alicui com To CONSIGN, v. a. II. Tb appropriate mittere, credere, concredere, Cic. rem rei assignare, addicere, devovere. To CONSIST, v. n. I. To consist of, i.e. to be composed of; ex aliqua re constars (or consistere, Auct. B. Hisp.) II. To consist in, i.e. to have (rebus) cohserere, Cic. its essence or properties in; in re consistere, versari Herein consitinn, or positum, esse ; re contineri, Cic. sisted all his skill in medicine ; intra heec omnis ejus erat medicina. Cels. To make to consist in; aliquid in re

CONSTANT
III. Firmness of mind ; incopta perseverantia, Cic. constantia ; animi firmitas, Cic With constancy ; constai-ter, constant! animo, Cic To suffer with constancy; dolorem toieranter, or sequo animo, pati ; intrepide omnia perferre, Sen. Constancy in suffering; patientia IV. Faithfulness ; fides ; fidelitas. tolerantia; Cic. CONSTANT, a. Perpetual, unceasing ; perpetuus (of continens ; continuus (of space). time) II. Firm To be constant in one's stcdfast, permanent; constans. purpose; in pvoposito susceptoque consilio permanere, Cic. The stars have their constant and regular courses stellae cursus certos et constantes habent, Cic Constant in a purpose ; tenax propositi ; pertinax. III. Faithful
:

fidus

fidelis.

CONSTANTLY, ad
sine ulla intermissione

He makes the real good to consist in virtue constituere. alone; videtur ipsi summum bpnum in una honestate consistere, Cic. They make evil to consist in pain, good in pleasure ; mala dolore, bona voluptate definiunt, Cic. III. To consist with, i. e. to be consistent with ; convenire, congruere, concinere, cum ; re consonare, conNot to consist with; resentire, consentaneum esse.

Continually
;

assidue

pCTnetvio

Cic.
;

constancy of mind ; constanter


Cic

II. With firmness or con stanti animo ; Cic.

maleficum.

CONSTELLATION, s. Signum cceleste; sidus, eris, n. ; An unlucky constellation ; signum, or sidus,

pugnare

male, or haud, convenire cum re. I. Thickness of liquids ; spissitas CONSISTENCE, s.


rei
;

II. Stability ; firmitas ; spissitudo; coagulatio, Plin. III. Suitableness; convenientia ; congrustabilitas.

CONSTERNATION, s. Consternatio, Liv, , paver, Cic. ; To be in (a great) consterpavpr et consternatip, Liv nation ; eonsternari, Liv.; animo consternari, Caes. ; magno timore percelli ; animo concidere, Cic. They were all in a consternation; confusus omnes pavor
occupat, Plin.
I. To condense ; constipare, II. To cogere ; comprimere. Cels., cohibere, Plin. CONSTIPATION, s. Alvus ad&tricta, or suppressa, Cels. CONSTITUENT, a. Ex quo res constat Constituent parts ; partes ex quibus res constat, or quaj rem componunt, faciunt. CONSTITUENT, s. Constitutor Constituents of a member of parliament ; qui negotium, or mandatum, de

entia.

To

CONSISTENCY, s. Constantia. CONSISTENT, a. Consonus ; consentaneus ; consentiTo be consistent with ens congruens rei, or cum .re. That is not consistent with himhimsJf; sibi constare secum ipse discors, non Cic. abi constat, ; self; qui ipsi Liv. "discors sibi, Ov. ; sibi non consentiens, Veil. See
.

Caes.

CONSTIPATE, v. a. densare addensare


;

make

costive ;

alvum adstringere,

also
also

CONFORMABLE.
Convenienter
;

CONSISTENTLY, ad.

congruenter. See

CONFORMABLY.

CONSISTORIAL. a.
pertinet.

Quod ad sacrum

pontificis concilium

stituere.

CONSISTORY, s. Sacrum pontificis concilium. To CONSOCIATE. '.'. a. and n. Consociare ; societatem facere, coire, inire, Cic.

ordinando reipublicae statu dant. To CONSTITUTE, v. a. I. To compose, make up ; conII. To establish, settle; constituere; insti-

tuere.

CONSTITUTION,
stitutio

s.

I.

State

status

conditio

con-

CONSOCIATE
SOCIATION.

CONSOCIATION,
a.

s.

See ASSOCIATE

AS-

CONSOLABLE.

Consolabilis, Cic.

A slight CONSOLATION, s. Consolatio ; solatium, Cic To consolation; consolatio tenuis; solatiolum, Cic. To receive administer consolation; see To CONSOLE. consolation ; solatio levari ; consolatione affici ; Cic I have now one only consolation ; me nunc una consoHis grief does not admit of consollatio sustentat, Cic. ation ; ejusluctus nullo solatio levari potest, Cic What consolation can I derive from that ? quid me ista re conA letter of consolation ; consoiatoriae solatur ? Cic. To be a mutual consolation ; alterum alteri litero?, Cic.
esse solatio, Veil.

II. Composition, structure ; ; Cic. cornpositio ; structura. III. Temperament; corporis nabitudo, tie is of a good conhabitus, us, or cpnstitutio, Cic. stitution; est illi corpus bene constitutum, Cic.; est IV. Ordioptima corporis habitudine, Auct. ad Her. V. Form nance, statute, law ; cpnstitutio, Plin. ; Tac. '>f government ; constituta civitatis description Cic. CONSTITUTIONAL, a. I. Relating to constitution ofbody; ad corporis habitum pertinens, spectans ; ex corporis II. Agreeably to the constitution labitu, or habitudine. of the state; legibus quibus nititur imperium accommodatus.

To CONSTRAIN,
*aciat, Cic.

v. a.

Cogere aliquem rem facere, or u


Coactus ; adactus necessitate A constrained air ; minus
;.

CONSTRAINED, part.
a.

CONSOLATOHY.
luctum, Cic.

Consolatorius

qui potest levare

compulsus,

a. or adstrictus.

To CONSOLE, v. a. Aliquem solari, consolari, solatio levare, consolatione lenire ; alicui consolationem afferre, solatia dare, dolorem abstergere ; Cic Nothing can console me ; vincit omnem consolationem dolor meus ; luctus meus nullo solatio levari potest ; nulla consolatione permulceri possum, Cic.
CONSOLE,
s.
;

'iber oris et corporis habitus, Suet. CONSTRAINT, s. Illata vis ; necessitas.. By constraint ; per vim ; vi ; vi ac necessitate ; coaetu ; Cic

um, m.

To CONSOLIDATE, v. a. To CONSOLIDATE, v. n.

pi.

Prothyris, idis, f.; mutulus; ancones, Vitr. Stabilire ; formare ; Cic. Solidescere ; solidari ; Plin.

Without constraint ; sua sponte ; ultro ; non repupnanTo use constraint; alicui vim inferre, Cic. er, Cic To CONSTRICT or CONSTRINGE. v. a. I. To bind; arctius religare, Col. II. To contract into a smalt space; contrahere, Cic. \ angustare, Lucan. aretare; III. To cause to shrink The cold coarctare, Col. constricts bodies ; Aquilo corpora spissat, Cic.; see To
;

"ONTRACT.
CONSTRICTION,
ic.

See also To UNITE. CONSOLIDATION. 5. Confirmatio, Cic. See also UNION. CONSONANCE, CONSONANCY. See CONFORMITY. CONSONANT, a. See CONFORMABLE, CONSISTENT. CONSONANT, s. Consonans, sc. litera. CONSONANTLY, ad. See CONFORMABLY. The royal consort; CONSORT, s. Conjux; uxor conjux regia ; regina. To CONSORT, v. a. and Alicujus in consuetudinem
.

s.

To CONSTRUCT,

v. a.

Contractio, Cic. Struere ; exstruere

aedificare

To construct a house ; domum cpnstruere, Cic To construct a temple ; templum exsedificare, Cic. To construct a bridge ; pontem in flumine faeere, Cic To construct a sentence ; vocabula construere, Cic Toconstruct a sentence harmoniously ; exstruere verba in

-mmerum
tructio
;

Cic.

(harshly)
s.
;

dure verba struere. Quint.


;

CONSTRUCTION,

I.

The act of constructing ; confabrica


;

se dare

cum

aliquo societatem coire, inire, conflare,


I.
;

fabricatio

aedificatio

Cic.

II.

(In

facere, Cic.

CONSPICUOUS, a. festus ; conspicuus

Obvious
;

to

the sight;
II.

perspicuus.
spectatus.

maniEminent, fa-

mous

; illustris

notabilis

CONSPICUOUSLY, ad. Manifesto ; evidenter ; palam; luce palam. To CONSPIRACY, s. Conspiratio ; conjuratio ; Cic form a conspiracy; conspirationem conflare, Cic Conspiracies were formed; coitiones, or consensiones,
fuctae sunt, Cic.

To CONSPIRE, v. n. I. To agree together ; cum alio II. To plot ; in remconspirare, or concurrere, Cic. publicam, or in aliquem, conspirare, Cic. ; Suet. ; contra rempublicam, contra salutem, or de pernicie, alicujus, conjurare, Cic. CONSTABLE, s. Curator ; urbanus qucesitor Chief
constable. ; praefectus.

CONSPIRATOR,

s.

Conjuratus.

grammar) ; verborum constructio, or structura, Cic. II. Meaning, interpretation To put the best construction on a thing ; see To CONSTRUE. To CONSTRUE, v. a. Interpretari ; explanare ; exTo construe favour ably, or unfavourably ; ilicare, Cic. n mitiorem, or in malam, partem accipere; grato animo, or perverse, perperam, interpretari. CONSUBSTANTIAL. a. Consubstantialis, e, Ecel. Writ. CONSUL, s. Consul, ulis, Cic Consul for the sixth time; To be extum consul, sextum jam consulatum gerens. One onsul ; eonsulem esse, consulatum gerere, Cic
oho has been consul; consularis ; consulatu functus, ^,ic. Belonging to a consul ; consularis, Cic. - To CONSULATE, CONSULSHIP, s. Consulatus, us, Cic. To go nter on the consulship ; consulatum inire, Caes. ~>ut of the consulship ; consulatu abire, Cic. To CONSULT, v. a. I. To ask advice of; aliquem de To cone consulere, in consilium adhibere, Cic. ult concerning one's scruples ; referre ad aliquem de He must consult ; coasuiUt .uibus dubitas, Plin. J.

(ONSTANCY.

s.

I.

retuus icrum ordo,

Cic.

Continuance; continuatio perII. Perseverance; in re


;

CONSULTATION
1 1. ( Of inanimate objects) Sail. To consult To the books of the Sibyl ; adire libros Sibyllae, Liv.

CONTEST
confinis,

opus est,

consult one's looking glass ; speculum consulere, Ov. To consult one's own interest ; suam fortunam in conIII. To take counsel together ; consilio habere, Curt. sultare ; deliberare ; or consultare et deliberare de, Cic. To consult with one's self ; cum animo suo deliberare, Cic. CONSULTATION, s. Consultatio ; deliberatio, Cic.

Conterminous fields ; agri limitanei ; gee NEIGHBOURING, and BORDER. To CONTEST, v. a. Cum aliquo de re contendere, litigare, disceptare, concertare, rixari, controversiam habere; Cic. CONTEST, s. Lis ; rixa ; jurgium ; disccptatio ;
Plin.
;

pugna prcelium. CONTESTABLE. a.


test, Cic.

Quod

in controversiam vocari po-

consumere, II. To waste ; per luxuriam bona sua absumere, Cic. To effundere, or effundere atque consumere, Cic consume time in trifles ; tempus nugis consumere, Cic. III. To wear out (as a disease) consumere, atterere.
v. a.
I.

To CONSUME,

To destroy

CONTEXT, s. Orationis contextus, us. CONTEXTURE, s. Contextus, us, Cic. CONTIGUITY, s. Continuitas, Plin. CONTIGUOUS, a. Immediately touching;
re,

rei,

or

cum

CONSUMER, s. Consumptor confector, Cic. To CONSUMMATE, v. a. Perficere ; absolvere, Cic. CONSUMMATE, a. Perfectus ; absolutus ; cumulatus, A youth of consummate merit ; consummatisCic. Consummate prudence ; altissima simus juvenis, Plin.
;

Contiguous houses; contiguae domus, To build houses contiguous to each other j coatinuare domos, Sail. I. Setf-restraint ; CONTINENCES. continentia, Cic.

continens

Ov

II.

CONTINENT.
Plin.

Chastity; castitas. *. Continens terra, Varr.

continens.

prudentia, Cic.

CONSUMMATION,

s.

Perfectio

absolutio,

Cic.

He

has brought the affair to its consummation; negotium ad exitum perduxit, Cic. ; ad summam operis rem
perduxit, Quint.

CONTINENT, a. Continens, Ter. CONTINGENCY. *. Casus, us eventus fortuitus. CONTINGENT, a. Fortuitus ; quod casu accidit. CONTINGENT, f. The share tliat each has to supply
;

CONSUMPTION,
Cic.
II.

s.

I.

Frequent use;
;

consumptio,

disease; consumptio

lenta tabes, Cic.

rata pars, Cic.,; rata portio, Plin. CONTINGENTLY, ad. Casu ; fortuito.
I. Without CONTINUAL, a. interruption of space ; II. Without interruption of time; continuus, Cic. III. Lasting ; permanens ; per; assiduus.

CONSUMPTIVE, a. Tabidus. CONTACT, s. Contactus, us. 1. Communication of disease ; conCONTAGION, s.


II. Contagious diseases tagio, Cic. ; contagium, Virg. III. Fig. of Vice ; corruptela, pestis ; pestilentia, Cic.

perpetuus
ennis.

CONTINUALLY, ad.
intermissione
;

Assidue

perpetuo

sine ulla

Cic.

CONTAGIOUS, a. Pestilens ; pestifer ; Cic. j contagiosus, Cels. Contagious disease ; lues, Cic. To CONTAIN, v. a. I. To hold as a vessel; capere ; He was unable to II. Fig continere, complecti, Cic.
contain his joy; taciturn continere gaudium non poterat, Liv. III. To contain one's self; se continere, cohibere, or coercere, Cic.
;

I. Duration ; continuatio ; series ; CONTINUANCE, s. II. Abode; commoratio ; perpetuus rerum ordo ; Cic. III. Perseverance; in re incepta permansio, Cic.

severantia, Cic.

To CONTAMINATE, v. a. Commaculare, Cic. ; contaminare fcedare ; inquinare. CONTAMINATION, s. Labes, Cic. To CONTEMN, v. a. See To DESPISE. To CONTEMPLATE, v. a. and n. Contemplari ; considerare, Cic.

CONTINUATION, s. I. The act of continuing ; conII. The remaining part of a thing already III. Continuation of office ; begun; complementum. muneris prorogatio, Liv. CONTINUATOR. s. Scriptor qui opus ab altero mcocptinuatio.

tum

To CONTEMPLATE, v. Secum meditari. CONTEMPLATION. *. Contemplatio consideratio, Cic. CONTEMPLATIVE, a. Contemplativus, Sen. CONTEMPLATOR. s. Contemplatof, Cic. ; fern, con.

templatrix, Cels.

CONTEMPORARY,
poris
;

a.

Cic.

alicujus
s.

JEqualis ; ejusdem aetatis, temsequaevus, Virg. ; suppar, aris,

Cic Liv.
;

CONTEMPT,

My contemporary ;

meus

Condespicatio, Cic. ; despectus, us, Quint tempt of the world ; humanarum rerum contemptio et despicientia, Cic Contempt for a person ; alicujus To be in contempt; esse despectui, fastidium, Quint To do a thing in contempt of another ; ex asperCic natione, or in spretionem, alicujus facere, Cic. ; Liv.

Cpntemptio,

aequalis, Cic. Cic. ; contemptus,

I. CONTINUE, v. n. To proceed in an underTo continue ; pergere, Cic. ; incoeptapersequi. journey ; iter pergere, Ter. ; ire pergere, Cic. II. To persist or persevere ; perstare in incoepto, Liv. ; see To PERSEVERE. III. To remain in the same slate ; manere. The shower continues ; imber non remittit. 1. To prolong ; To CONTINUE, v. a. producere ; continuare ; perpetuare. To continue the banquet till late at night ; convivium ad multam npctem producere, II. To advance further ; continuare Cic. per sequi,

To

persequitur.

taking
one's

fis,

Cic.

CONTINUITY, s. Continuatio, Cic. continuitas, Plin. To CONTORT, v. a. (One's features); os distor;

quere, Cic.

Cic.

CONTORTION, s. Distortio, Cic. CONTOUR, s. I. The limit of a figure ; ambitus, us, II. (Of a circle); linea orbem circumcurrens.

CONTEMPTIBLE,
ible ;

a.

Contemnendus

spernendus

de-

Quint.

Very contemptspiciendus ; contemptu dignus ; Cic. despicatissimus, contemptissimus ; Cic. CONTEMPTIBLY, ad. More contemnendo. CONTEMPTUOUS, a. Contemptor, Liv. ; fern, contemp;

CONTRABAND, a. (Goods') ; interdicts, or vetitae, merces To import contraband goods ; merces vetitas invehere.
CONTRACT, s. Pactum ; conventum ; pactio ; conventio ; Cic. ; eontractus, us ; Ulp. To make a contract; pactionem facere Marriage contract; conjuTo make a marriage contract; nuptiagales tabulae lem pactionem facere, Cic. ; nuptias pacisci, Just.

trix, Plin.

fastidiosus, Cic.

CONTEMPTUOUSLY, ad.
Liv.

Fastidiose, Cic.
I.

contemptim,

To fight ; certare ; decer(Of armies) ; dimicare. ; pugnare ; depugnare, Cic To contend against ; obluctari ; repugprceliari, Cic nare. II. Fig. (In argument) ; ratipnibus oppugnare ; cum aliquo de re certare ; contra aliquem contendere ; contra opinionem ratione pugnare ; Cic. CONTENT, a. Contentus, Cic. Content with little ; modico contentus, Juv. ; parvo beatus, Hor. To be content with one's lot ; suo contentum esse. CONTENT, CONTENTMENT, s. Animus contentus et sequus ; asquanimitas.
v. n.

To CONTEND,

tare

To CONTRACT,

v. a.

I.

To bring within a narrow

CONTENTS,
satis,

To CONTENT,
Cic
Cic.

s.pl. v.

(Of a book); summa,


a.

Cic.

Alicui satisfacere,
self ;

or

facere
re,

To content one's

contentum esse

I. Debate, dispute ; contentio ; II. Warmth in argucontroversia, Cic. ment. They dispute with a great deal of contention ; in disputando pertinaciter utrinque concertant ; magna III. Eagercontentione utrinque decertant ; Cic. ness, firm application of mind ; animi contentio, intentio ; vis animi ; acre studium, Cic. I. Litigious ; litigiosus ; controCONTENTIOUS, a. II. Fond of disputing ; litigiosus, Cic. ; versus, Cic. pugnax, Caes. , contentiosus, Plin. CONTENTIOUSLY. ad. Litigiose ; pertinaciter, Liv.

CONTENTEDLY, ad. CONTENTION. *.


;

To

be expressed by the adjective.

space, to cause to shrink ; contrahere, Cic. ; angustare, Lucan. ; arctare ; coarctare, Col. II. To s hoi-ten ; decurtare ; imminuere ; see To SHORTEN. III. To make a bargain ; cum aliquo pacisci ; de re pactionem facere ; Cic. To contract a marriage ; alligari nupIV. To contract a debt ; ass alienum facere, tiis, Cic. To contract a disease ; morbum contrahere, conflare. reportare, Cic. ; morbum contrahere, Plin. ; morbum To conconcipere, Col. ; in morbum incidere, Cic. tract bad habits ; pravos mores imbibere, Cic. I. To shrink up, to be narTo CONTRACT, v n. II. To bargain; pacisci, rowed; string! ; contrahi. Cic. I. The act of CONTRACTION. *. contracting ; con.

altercatio

tractio, Cic. tractio, Plin.

II.

III.

(Of the muscles); nerve-rum cou(In writing) ; scribendi compen

To write dium, Cic. ; arctatio, Varr. ; nota, Suet. with contractions ; notis excipere ; in scribendo comOne who writes with contractions; nopendiis uti tarius, Mart. CONTRACTOR, s. Redemptor, Cic. ; susceptor, Just. To CONTRADICT, v. a. Alicui contradicere, icpugYou always contranare, adversari, refragari, Cic. To contradict dict me; mini semper obloqueris, Cic. the truth ; contra veritatem repugnare, Cic. ; contra

CONTENTMENT, s. CONTERMINOUS,
70

a.

See CONTENT. Conterminus, Ov.

verum
;

niti,
;

Sail.

finitimus,

pugnare

sibi

pugnantia loqui

To contradict one's self; secum secum discrepare, Cic.


;

CONTRADICTION
He
contradicts himsetf;
s.

CONTRIVE
ipsa

cjus oratio
I.

non constat

cogitatum, Cic
perficere, Cic.

To execute one's contrivances ; cogitata


v.

secum, Cic. CONTRADICTION,

contentio ; ccntroversia, with contradiction; res versatur in contentione et controversia, Cic. Spirit of contradiction ; pravum conII. Contrariety of terms or tentionis studium, Cic. You propositions ; discrepantia ; repugnantla, Cic fall into a contradiction ; pugnantia loqueris, Cic These things imply a contradiction ; haec secum, or inter

Cic.

The act of contradicting ; This matter lias met

To CONTRIVE,
;

a.
;

Machinari
Cic.

architectari

invenire

CONTRIVE, v. n. Hem animo agitare, or meditari. CONTRIVER, s. Repertor ; inventor ; excogitator Cic. ; fern, inventrix, Cic. (in a bad sense) ; machinator ;

reperire

To

excogitare

fabricator
rationes.

artifex.
s.
I.

CONTROL,

A sort of register ;

advers.-e rationibus

\\.Restraint; frenum

pugnant, Cic. onis, f., Sen.


se,

III. Opposition, obstacle ; oppositio,

CONTRADICTORILY, ad.
contraria, Cic.

Centrario ac pugnante sensu. Things opposed contradictorily ; disjuncta maxime et

He exercises control; arete contenteque habere, Plaut too strict control over his children ; arctius liberos continet, Cic. To CONTROL, v. a. I. To keep in check by a counter reckoning ; rem in commentaries, or in acta, referre.
II. To restrain; coercere; cohibere ; refrenare ; Cic. CONTROVERSIAL, a. Ad controversial!! pertincns ; quod in controversiam vocari potest. CONTROVERSY, s. Controversial, Cic Religious controversy ; de rebus ad fldem pertinentibus disceptatio Without controversy ; sine controversia ; controversia hujus rei nulla est ; Cic. To CONTROVERT, v. a. In controversiam vocare ; controversiam habere ; Cic. CONTROVERTIBLE. a. Quod refutari potest
;

To keep under

CONTRADICTORY, a. Secum pugnans ; a se discrepans, Cic You utter contradictory statements ; secum pugnantia loqueris, Cic.
CONTRADISTINCTION, s. See DISTINCTION. To CONTRADISTINGUISH, v. a. See To DISTINGUISH. CONTRARIETY, s. Repugnantia ; discrepantia, Cic
Contrariety of sentiments
;

dissidentia, Plin.

CONTRARILY. ad. See CONTRARY, ad. CONTRARIWISE, ad. Contra. I. Opposed to; contrarius CONTRARY, a. adversus, Vice is contrary to virtue ; CONTUMACIOUS, a. Contumax ; pertinax pervicax. Cic. ; pugnans ; repugnans Motions conCONTUMACIOUSLY, ad. Contumaciter ; pertinaciter vitium et virtus inter se pugnant, Cic. To be of pervicaciter, Liv. trary to reason ; aversi a ratione motus, Cic CONTUMACY, s. Contumacia; pertinacia; pervicacia, a contrary opinion ; seorsum ab aliquo sentire, Plant. My opinions are often contrary to his ; saepius ab eo dis- Cic. II. Disadvantageous, hurtful ; adversus CONTUMELIOUS, a. Contumeliosus ; injuriosus, Cic sentio, Cic. A contrary wind ; reflatus, us, Contumelious 'words ; contumeliarum aculei, Cic alienus ab re alicujus Cic The wind being contrary ; vento prohibente, Ov. To utter contumelious^ language ; alicui contumeliam man's Liv. to a interest res alienis; dicere, contrary Things very III. Hostile; contrarius CONTUMELIOUSLY. ad. Contumeliose, Cic. simae rationibus alicujus. CONTUMELY, s. Contumelia, Cic. ; convicium ; male adversus inimicus oppositus infensus infestus Cic. dictum. To treat ivith contumely ; aliquem contumeliii, To be contrary to one ; alicui adversari, Cic. To maintain the con- or ignominia, afficere ; in aliquem contumeliam jacere ; CONTRA P.Y. s, Contrarium.
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

On the contrary ; contra ; trary ; contradicere, Cic. These are misere contrario, Cic. ; contrario, Nep able, those on the contrary are. happy; hi sunt miseri, I say nothing to the contrary ; in illi contra beati, Cic contrariam partem nihil affero, Cic. / spoke CONTRARY, CONTRARILY. ad. Aliter, secus. contrary to what I felt ; dixi secus ac sentiebam, Cic. He writes quite contrary to what he thinks ; aliter scribit
ac sentit, Cic.

Cic.

To

CONTUSE, v.a. Sugillare, Plin. plagis contundere


;

foedare pugnis.

CONTUSION, s* Contusio, Cels. ; sugillatio, Plin. CONVALESCENCE, s. Ab segritudine recreatio, Plin.


Perfect convalescence
Cic.
:

confirmata a

morbo

valetudo,

Convalescens, ex morbo conTo be convalescent ; convalescens, or recreatus, Cic.


a.

CONVALESCENT,

Contrast of the passions CONTRAST, s. Discrepantia. of different figures in a group ; diversorum aft'ectuum in Contrast of attitudes ; dissimilis personis adumbratio. Contrast of colours; pugnantes inter se habitus, us. colores. Contrast of opinions ; pugnantes sententiae, Plin. J. Contrast of characters ; naturae morumque What dissimilitude ; pugnantia et contraria studia, Cic a contrast between these two persons! quam dispares Cic. sunt eorum mores, quam disparia studia To CONTRAST, v. a. Dissimilitudines rerum inter se
!

valescere, Cic.

To

CONVENE,
indicere.

v. a.

Convocare
Convenire
I.
;

citare

ciere

con-

ventum

To CONVENE,
CONVENIENCE.
FITNESS.
II.

v. n.
5.

congregari ; coire. Fitness for a purpose; see

Comfort;

commodum
;

commoditas.

one's convenience; vitae commoditates jucundiWhen it suits your convetatesque consectari, Cic

To seek

nience ;
licebit.

cum erit tuum commodum cum per commodum


a.
I.
;

compor.ere.

To CONTRAST,

v. n.

i.

e.

To be

in contrast ivith

dis-

crepare, Cic.

CONTRAVALLATION.
cumductae.

s.

Fossre arccndis obsesSis cir-

Decent ; conveniens, Cic. ; quod II. Fit ; commodus ; aptus accommodatus ; decet, Cic. A conopportunus with dative, or ad and accusative venient house to dwell in; domus ad habitandum per;

CONVENIENT,

commoda.
CONVENIENTLY, ad. Apte ; convenienter ; congruenter
Cic.
;

To CONTRAVENE, v. a. Adversus aliquid pugnare To contravene the laws ; leges violare, perfringere, To contravene a treaty ; fcedus perrumpcre, Cic To contravene one's promise; promissis violare, Cic non stare, promissa non servare, Cic. I. To pay one's To CONTRIBUTE, v. a. and To contribute one's share ; contribuere conferre, Cic. II. To money ; pecuniam in, or ad, rem conferre, Cic. To assist in the promotion of any thing; adjuvare. contribute to a victory ; adjumento esse ad victoriam, Cic To contribute with all one's power to the elevation of another ; omnem operam et studium ad amplitudinem
.

alterius conferre, Cic. This contributes to glory ; liaec res mini valet ad gloriam, Cic One who contributes to the glory of another ; adjutor honoris alterius, Cic. Literature contributes to the happiness of life ; literae adjuvant ad bene beateque vivendum, Cic. Nothing contributed to set off' the beauty of the person ; nihil ipsi erat adjumenti ad pulchritudhiem, Ter.

my

CONVENT, s. Monasterium ; ccenobium Cell. CONVENTICLE, s. Conventiculum, Tac. I. An assembly; see ASSEMBLY. CONVENTION, s. II. Agreement; conventum ; pactum; pactio; Cic. CONVENTIONAL, a. Pactitius. To CONVERGE, v. n. In unum coire. CONVERGENT, a. (Lines) ; lineae in unum coeuntes. CONVERGENCE. s. Status linearum in unum coeuntium. CONVERSANT, a. In re versatus, exercitus, exercitatus, Cic Very conversant with naval affairs ; in maritimis rebus exercitatissimus, Cic Conversant with law ; Conversant with the longo juris usu exercitus, Cic.
ancient authors
; in
;

tum

quam

volutatus, Cic. exercitus.

veteribus scriptis studiose ac mulin nos.cendis veteribus scriptis per-

cum aliquo

Money contributed by each person ; collata pecunia. Relating or belonging to a II. Tribute levied on contribution ; collatitius, Sen. a country; pacta cum hoste, or imperata ab hoste, To put a country under contribution ; regioni pecunia.
CONTRIBUTION/
s.
I.

tributum imponere, Caes.

CONTRIBUTOR,
CONTRITE,
contrite
;

s.

Qui confert, &c.

a. Qui peccasse ex animp dolet suae eum culpae ex animo pcenitet.


s.

He

is

I. Familiar discourse ; familians CONVERSATION, s. To sermo, congressus, us, congressio, f., Cic enter into conversation; in alicujus congressum et colA man of loquium venire ; cum aliquo congredi, Cic agreeable conversation; amcenissimi sermonis homo, Hor. These things demand a long conversation ; multi sermonis ista sunt, Cic The conversation flags ; sermo To be the subject of common friget, Ter., moritur, Cic conversation ; venire in sermonem omnium ; sermonis moral conduct'; ansas dare, Cic. II. Behaviour, vivendi ratio ; consuetude ; mores.

Acerbus animi dolor peccati causa, ex amore Dei profectus. To feel a lively contrition; peccata toto animo dolere ac detestari. CONTRIVANCE, s. I. The act of contriving ; inventio ; II. The thing contrived ; inventum ; ars; excogitatio. Contrivances for getting money ; omnes machina, Cic.
CONTRITION,
pecuniae
viae, Cic.

CONVERSE, s. See CONVERSATION. To CONVERSE, v. n. Cum aliquo confabulari, Plaut.

communi sermonis consuetudine


CONVERSELY, ad. CONVERSION, s.
conversio,

uti, Cses.

E
I.

contrario.

or
;

mutatio.

III.

scheme, project; consilium

emendatio

vitia

emendata

Change of substances ; rerum II. Moral change ; morum Conversion virtutibus, Nep.

F4

CONVERT
from Paganism
to Christianity;

CONVULSIVE
numinum
convulsio, Plin. ; nervorum distentio, Cels., contractlo, Plin. ; spasma, atis ; spasmus. Plin. CONVULSIVE, a. A convulsive motion ; motus spasticus, Plin. ; motus e nervorum contractione abortus. To Coo. v. n. (As a dove or turtle) ; raucum, or querulum, sonum edere. COOK. s. A female cook; coqua, Coquus, Cic Plaut. ; conviviorum conditor instructorque, Cic A good cook ; scitus convivator, Liv A bad cook ; nundinalis A cook's shop; popina. coquus, Plaut. To COOK. v. a. Coquere, Plaut. ; concoquere, Varr. To cook thoroughly ; percoquere, Plaut.; excoquere, Col To cook over again ; recoquere, Plin To reduce to a third, a fourth, part by cooking ; ad tertias, ad quartas, decoquere, Plin Requiring to be cooked; coctivus,
Plin.

ab inanium

cultu ad Christianam religionem transitus, us. CONVERT, s. Qui, quae, a.b Ethaicorum castris ad Christiana sacra transivit. To CONVERT, v. a. I. To change substances ; rem in aliam convertere, Cic. II. To cause to change for the Letter ; aliquem ad bonam frugem revocare ; a licentiori vita ad emendatiorem traducere ; Cic. III. To bring to a better faith To convert Pagans ; Ethnicos a falsorum numinum cultu revocare ; a pravis opinionibus ad fidem Christianam reducere. IV. To cause a man to change his opinion ; de sententia deducere ; ad sententiam per-

ducere ; Cic. To CONVERT, v. n. or To BE CONVERTED. I. To be changed into a different substance ; in aliud se convertere, Cic To be converted into stone; lapidescere, Plaut. The exhalations are converted into clouds ; anhelitus se in nubes induunt, Cic. II. To become moral; ad meliorem frugem se recipere ; emergere et ad bonam frugem se recipere morum mutationem facere, Cic. III. To embrace Christianity; Christo nomen dare. CONVERTIBLE, a. Qui converti potest. CONVEX, a. Gibbus ; gibbosus. CONVEXITY, s. Exterior globi superficies. To CONVEY, v. a. I. To carry; ferre, pontare To be conveyed to a place ; portari in locum To conTo vey in a carriage ; vehere, Cic. ; devehere, Plaut. To convey convey by water ; navibus supportare, Cic. corn into a town; frumentum in oppidum importare, Ca;s. To convey water into a citadel; comportare To convey the hand to the mouth ; aquam. in arcem, Caes manum ori, or ad os, admovere, Cic. To convey to another the sentiments of an assembly or body ; verba II. To transmit apud aliquem ordinis nomine facere. or cause to be carried ; mittere see To SEND. III. To make over one's right to another ; jus suum cedere IV. To convey into, to introduce ; inalteri, Virg. ferre ; introferre, Cic. V. To convey one's setf to a
; ;

To COOK. v. n. Coquinare, Plaut. To go to cook ; coquinatum ire, Plaut. COOKERY, s. The art of cooking; ars coquinaria To understand cookery ; artem coquiuariam perfecte
callere.
*. Coqua, Plaut. s. ( In a ship) ; culina. I. Frigidus, Sen. COOL. a. II. Fig. Without passion; tranquillus ; quietus ; placidus ; sedatus ; Cic. III. Fig. Lukewarm, without ardour ; tepidus, Ov. IV. Impudent; see IMPUDENT. COOL. s. Frigus, oris. To court the cool; frigus The cool of captare, Virg. ; umbras et frigora captare the fountains; fontium gelidas perennitates, Cic. To COOL. v. a. I. To make cool ; refrigerare, Cic. To cool wine in snow ; refrigerare vinum vitro demis-

_ Easily cooked

coctibilis, e.

COOK-MAID. COOK-ROOM,

sum in nives, Plin One who cools ; refrigerator ; fern. To cool what is very hot ; nimios refrigeratrix Plin ardores restinguere, compescere. II. Fig. To cause an abatement of ardour ; ardor em animi restinguere,
,

Cic.

place ; aliquo se conferre, Cic.

CONVEYANCE,
tio; deportatio
vectio, Plin.

ance by carriages

CARRIAGE.
scriptio, Cic.

I. The act of conveying ; asportaexportatio; translatio ; Cic. Convey; evectus ; invectus, us;evectio; adII. A vehicle or carriage ; see VEHICLE, III. (In law) ; Cession of rights ; tran-

s.

To COOL. v. n. I. To grow colder ; frigescere ; reThe weather coots ; frigescere, Col. ; inalgescere, Cels II. To abate one' g remittit, or frangit, se calor, Cic. His rage has cooled ; ira ardour; refrigescere, Ter To cool in one's zeal; se remittere, Cic. ; deferbuit, Cic
elanguescere, Liv. COOLER, s. I. That which has the power of cooling the body; quod refrigerat ; pi. refrigerantia. II. vessel in which liquors are made cool; vas in quo liquores

CONVEYANCER,
tabularius, Tac.

s.

Libellio, Varr.

tabellio,

Ulp.

To CONVICT,

v. a.

To convict of theft ;

To prove guilty ; CQwyncere.


or furti crimine, aliqtieTn, or

refrigerantur. COOLLY, ad.

I.

furti,

own
Cic.

conscience ; convictus conscientia, Cic Convicted To be convf falsehood; mendacii manifestus, Sail victed by one's own confession; sua confessione indui,
.

furtum alicujus, convincere, Cic. ; aliquem furti tenere, Tac. CONVICT or CONVICTED, part. a. Convictus criminiConvicted of many crimes ; multorum malebus, Cic ficiorum cpnvictus, Auct. ad Her Convicted by his

placide; placate; sedate

IMPUDENTLY. COOLNESS, s.

Without discomposure ; tranquille, II. Impudently ; see ; Cic.

coolness between us

See COOL, COLD. There is a little i aliquid de nostra conjunctione im-

minutum est, COOM. s.


fuligo, Cic.

Cic.

CONVICT, s. Maleficio, or crimine, compertus, Cic. CONVICTION, s. I. Detection of guilt ; convictio. II. Full persuasion I entertain a full conviction; et compertum exploratum habeo, Cic. To CONVINCE, v. a. ConTincere ; certa aliqua ratione animum -expugnare, Cic. To convict a man from his own admission ; aliquem sua confessione jugulare, Cic. CONVINCED, part. a. Persuasus, Cic. / am convinced of it ; id mihi exploratum est ; illud exploratum habeo Cic. / am convinced of your innocence ; constat mihi de innocentiatua.Cic. You have been convinced of my affection by trial ; cepisti affectus nostri experi;

I. Soot that gathers over an oven's mouth; II. Grease which works otit of the wheels of carriages; curulis axungia. I. A barrel; cadus, i, m., Plin. COOP. s. II. A cage for poultry ; saginarium, Varr. To COOP UP. v. a. Aliquem in carcerem, or in carcere, arctius includere ; in vinculis et custodia coercere,

Cic.

COOPER,

s.

COOPERAGE,

Doliarius, Plin. ; doliorum factor, Pallad. Doliaria ars. s.

v. n. Mutuam in opus operam con in re adjutorem esse ; Cic. ; alicujus CO-OPERATION, s. Mutuae operae collatio ; mutua opera ; Cic. Rei efficiendae adjutor, fern, adjuCO-OPERATOR, s.

To

CO-OPERATE,

ferre

trix, Cic.

laboris particeps, Cic.


I

COOT.
Cic.

s.

mentum,

Plin.

CONVINCING, part. a. Ad persuadendum efficax, or A convincing proof ; fortis et inaccommqdatus, Cic Proof which is not convincing ; res yicta ratio, Cic. infirma ad probandum, Cic. CONVINCINGLY, ad. Manifesto. CONVIVIAL, a. Convivalis ; jucundus ; jocosus. CONVOCATION, s. I. The act of convoking; convoII. Meeting of catio, Cic. clergy ; concilium; synodus,
i, f.

II. Fig.; see


s.

water-fowl; FOOL.

fulica,

Virg.;

fulix,

Consociatus ; societate conjunctus Copartner in the empire ; imperil consors, socius, Cic., comes, Sen Copartner in labour ; socius consorsque laboris, Cic Copartners (in plural) ; quos inter societas est.

COPARTNER,

To CONVOKE.
dicere,
^Cic.

COPARTNERSHIP, s. See PARTNERSHIP. COPE. s. Trabea ; vestis pluvialis. To COPE WITH. v. n. Obluctari. See To CONTEND. I. Librarius, Cic. COPIER or COPYIST, s. libellio,
Stat

v.

a.

Convocare, Cic.

conventus in-

little

Liv

ccetum, Cic

To convoke an assembly ; convocare To convoke the senate ; senatum cogere,

Fig. ; plagiarius. simia, Cic.

II. copier; librariolus, i, m., Cic. Mart Copier of another's manners ,;

CONVOLVULUS. *. A plant; convolvulus, Plin. To CONVOY, v. a. Prassidii, or custodiae, causa comitari.

COPING,

s.

(In architecture)
f. ;

fastigium, Cic.

cul-

men, Liv
coronis, idis,

(Of a wall); lorica; operis pars superior;


Cic.
; ;

CONVOY,

,.sidium, Cic aria, Caes.

To intercept the convoys; commeatus intercipere, Hirt. ; hostes commeatibus, or hojstihus commeatum, intercludero, Cic. ; Caes. CONVOYED, part. a. Comitatus. To CONVULSE, v. a. Agitare, Cic. CONVULSION, s. Involuntary affection of the nerves;

Attendance by way of defence ; praeship acting as convoy ; navis pracsidiII. The thing convoyed; commeatus, us. To conduct a convoy ; commeatum subvehere, Liv
s.
I.

COPIOUS, a. Copiosus uberrimus ; abundans Cfc. I. Plentifully ; copiose ; uberrime ; COPIOUSLY, ad. II. Completely. ubertim ; abundanter ; Cic. He has spoken copiously of the matter ; de re ample, or copiose, et abundanter locutus est To speak copiously ; fuse
lateque dicere, Cic.

Plin.

COPIOUSNESS, s. Copia ; affluentia ; abundantia. I. A metal; aes Cyprium ; COPPER. cuprum; II. A A copper vessel; vas cupreum, Plin. large vessel for boiling in ; cortina, Ov. ; caldarium, Vitr. ; ahenum, Ov.
.

COPPER-COLOURED
COPPER-COLOURED, a. Cupri colorem referens. COPPERAS, s. Chalcanthum, Plin. COPPERPLATE, s. Tabula aenea. COPPERSMITH, s. Lebetum faber aerarius, Plin. COPPICE or COPSE, s. Caedua silva, Col. To COPULATE, v. n. Coire. COPULATION, s. Coitio. COPULATIVE, a. (In grammar); connexiyus, Cell. an original; apoI. A COPY. s. transcript from II. An indigraphum, Cic. ; exemplar, aris, n., Cic.
;

CORN-MILL
CORN-MILL, s. Moletrina, Cato pistrinum, Ter. CORN-ROSE, s. Erraticum papaver, Plin. CORN-SALAD, s. Valerianella, x, f. CORNICE, s. (In architecture) ; corona, a?, f., Vitr. CORNUCOPIA, s. Copia? cornu cornucopia Plaut. COROLLARY, s. Consequence of a demonstration; co; ; ;

rollarium, Varr.

consectarium, Cic. CORONAL, s. See GARLAND, and CROWN, s. CORONATION, s. Coronae impositio ; regis inaugu:

ratio.

vidual book

liber; libellus.

III.

An

original

from

which any thing is copied; exemplar, aris, n. ; exemplum. I. To transcribe; exscriTo COPY. v. a. and w. II. To imitate (a painting) bere transeribere ; Cic. tabulam ex or pingendo, exprimere. altera, picturam To copy badly ; ab archetypo labi et decidere, Plin. III. To imitate a person] aliquem sibi ad imitandum
;

CORONER. *. Caedis queesitor. CORONET, s. Corolla, Propert. CORPORAL, s. Optio, qui excubias collocat
manipularis
;

et reducit

decurio.

CORPORAL, a. Corporeus, Cic.; corporalis, Sen Corporal punishment ; animadversio in corpus. CORPORALLY, ad. In corpore ; (corporaliter, Petron.).

proponere, Cic.

COPY-BOOK, s. Exemplar. COPYHOLD, s. (A law term,) Prasdium beneficiarium


vel clientare, tenura per copiam rotuli curiae. To be copyholder of anCliens COPYHOLDER. other; beneficiarium clientem esse alicujus. To COQUET, v.n. Amatoriis nugis indulgere, Cic. (In speaking of men); adrepere muliercularum animis,
.

CORPORATION, s. Collegium. CORPOREAL, a. Corporeus, Cic. CORPS, s. Agmen, inis, n. CORPSE, s. Cadaver, eris, n., Cic. sum, Virg. corpus exanime, Quint.
;

corpus anima cas-

Tac.

(of

women)
*-.

venari viros, Phasdr.


; ;

COQUETRY. 5. Lenociuium amatoria levitas ; Cic. immodica placendi cupido, Col. Mulier illiberaliter festiva, Ter. ; viris COQUETTE.
placendi studiosa, Ov.

CORAL,
Ital.
;

s. Curalium, Ov. corallium ; gorgonia,

coralium
;

corallum

Sil.

CORPULENCE or CORPULENCY, s. Corpulentia, Plin. CORPULENT, a. Corpulentus, a,, um, Col. CORPUSCLE, s. Corpusculum atomus, i, f., Cic. CORPUSCULAR, a. Quod ad atomorum motum pertinet. To CORRECT, v. a. I. To amend; corrigere; emendare rei correctionem adhibere, Cic. To castigare correct a work thoroughly ; opus acerrime emendare, Plin. J. To correct the faults of transcribers; librariorum menda tollere, Cic To correct one's natural
; ; ;

se, f.

Plin.

defects;

Funiculus, Cic. ; resticula, Varr. II. A measure of wood for fuel ; caudicis secti mensura ; strucs lignorum. To CORD. v. a. Colligare. See To BIND. CORDAGE, s. Nautici funes, pi. ; rudeutes, um, pi. ; funium apparatus, us.
I.

CORALLINE, CORD. s.

a.

Corallinus.

which

may

superare naturae impedimenta, Cic be corrected ; error emendabilis.

fault
II.

To

punish; in aliquem animadvertere, Cic. ; see To PUNISH. III. To destroy noxious qualities by the addition of something else ; temperare, Virg To correct the acidity of fruit ; durum pomi saporem domare,
chastise,

Virg.

CORRECT,

a.

I.

Freed from mistakes

emendatus

CORDED, a. Colligatus. CORDIAL, s. Potio cardiaca. CORDIAL, a. I. Invigorating; cordi utilis, or auxII. Affectionate ; ex animo ac vere ; sinilians, Plin.
cerus.

expurgatus, Cic.

mendis carens, OT. ; castigatus, Hor. ; correct style ; accurata oratio, Cic. II. Strict (of persons) ; severus ; exactus, Plin. ( Accuratus is not used with reference to persons.)

CORDIALITY,

s.

Verus amor
;

summa

voluntas
;

sin-

CORRECTION, s. emendatio ; Cic.

I.

II.

gularis benevolentia. CORDIALLY, ad. Ex animo mo studio ; toto pectore ; Cic.

summa voluntate
Fest.
;

sumonis,

CORDMAKER.
Front.

s.

Restiarius,
fortification)
;

restio,

CORDON, s. (In CORDWAINER. s.

muri corona,

Vitr.

Sutor calcearius.

COKE. s. Medius, a, um, agreeing with the noun which is in the genitive case in English. CORIACEOUS, a. Coriaseus,' a, um, Apul, ; e corio factus, a,

um.

CORIANDER. 5. Coriandrum, i, n., Plin. II. CORK. *. I. A tree; suber, eris, n., Plin. The bark of the same ; cortex, Liv. Virg. ; Hor. ; Col. ; III. A stopple for bottles ; suber ; cortex, suber, Virg. Hor. IV. Made of cork ; subereus, a, um, Col. To CORK. v. a. Suber, corticem, immittere. CORMORANT, s. Corvus aquaticus phalacrocorax ;
; ;

Plin.

Standing corn; seges, etis, To be distressed by scarcity of corn ; re frumenf, Cic. taria laborare, Caes. Indian corn ; sesama, 32, f., Plin. ;
s.

CORN.

Frumentum

correction ; facinus animadvertendum, Ter Under correction; pace, or bona venia tua, dicam ; honor sit auribus ; or, honor auribus sit habitus ; Curt. ; venia sit dicto, Plin. CORRECTIVE, a. Quod corrigit, &c. CORRECTIVE, s. Temperamenturn. A corrective of harsh language ; verborum mitigatio, Auct. ad Her. CORRECTLY, ad. I. According to rule ; emendate, Cic To speak correctly; loqui pure, Cic., ad reguII. Truly ; vere. am, Quint. CORRECTNESS, s. To be ex-pressed by the adjectives. CORRECTOR, s. I. One who corrects; corrector; II. A chastiser ; emendator; fern, emendatrix, Cic. irgator, Plaut. ; castigator ; (punitor, Val. Max.). III. A corrector of the press ; corrector ; emendator. CORRELATIVE, a. Qui, quae, quod, alter! respondet. CORRELATIVENESS. s. Convenientia, Cic. I. To answer to, to be in To CORRESPOND, v.n. A gallery which correkeeping with ; respondere, Cic. sponds to the palace ; porticus quae palatio respondet, Cic.

A fault deserving

Act of amending; correctio; Punishment; animadversio.

Corresponding houses

aedes inter se adversae, Plin.


;

sesamum, Col. CORN. s. Excrescence on


Plin.

II. To agree with; congruere consentire. III. To interchange letters ; cum altero per literas saepissime

the foot ;

clavus,

Cels.

colloqui, Cic.

To CORN.

v. a.

i.

e.

To salts

sale aspergere, Col., or


;

inspergere, Cato.

COUNCHANDI.ER.
frumentarius, Plin.

s.

Frumentarius, Plaut.
tree
;

negotiator
;

CORNEL,

s.

I.

A
A

CORRESPONDENCE, s. I. The act of corresponding ; mutua negotiorum ratio. II. Inter; change of letters ; familiare per literas colloquium in inter eos have been fuerant comThey correspondence ; mercia literarum, Veil. III. Agreement; congruitas ;

commercium

cornus,

i,

f, Vitr.

cornus,

convenientia.

A plantation of corMade of cornel ; corneus us, f nels ; cornctum. II. The fruit, cornel-cherry; cornum, Hor.
CORNELIAN,
sanla, *,
f.,

CORRESPONDENT,
'ines ; lineae inter se

a.
s.

Congruens
I.

Correspondent
letters ;
II.

respondentes.

CORRESPONDENT,
s.

precious stone; onyx; corneola

qui

cum
;

One who exchanges

altero per literas colloquitur, Cic.


;

An

Plin.
s.
I.

Corner of the angle; angulus To look out of the corner of one's eye ; hirquus, Plin Corners of a eye; limis (sc. oculis) aspectare, Ter Not to move from the table; mensae cornua, n. pi. II. chimney-corner ; apud carbones assidere, Plaut. A nook, retreat ; secessus ; recessus, us Find out a III. A snug corner for me ; angulum inilii eligas. lurking-hole ; latebra ; Jatibulum. CORNER-STONE, s. Lapis angularis. CORNET, s. musicum I. A musical instrument; cornu. One who plays the cornet ; cornicen, Liv. II. An officer III. A of horse ; vexillarius eques. woman's head-dress; linea calantica, 02, f. IV. ,4 cornet of paper ; papyraceus cucullus ; involucrum.
CORN-FlBfcD.
s.

CORNER,

An

agent

negotiorum alterius procurator. CORRIDOR, s. I. (In architecture)


a.

II. Virg. ; circuitio, Vitr. er tbssam terreo aggere tecta.

usus pervius, (In fortification) ; via prop-

CORRIGIBLE, CORRIVAL. s.
Cic.

Corrivalis,
v. a.

Emendabilis, Liv. Quint. Decl.

competitor,
;

To CORROBORATE,
CORROBORATIVE,
vires adjicit.

a.

Corroborare ; roborare Cic. Qui, quae, quod, corroborat, or

To CORRODE,
s.

v. a.

CORRODIBLE or CoRROsiBLE.
odi potest.

Corrodere, Cic. a. Qui, quae, quod, corf.,


;

CORROSION, CORROSIVE,

Rosio, onis,

a.

CORNFLOWER,
73

s.

Seges, etis, f. Cyanus, Plin.

To CORRUGATE,

Exedens,
v. a.
;

Cic.

Plin. rodens, Cels.


;

Cutem adducere, Ov.


Cato
;

cutem

in

ugas replicare, Plin.

rugas inducerc, Tibull.

CORRUPT
the forehead ; frontem corrugare, Plaut., contrahere, Cic., astringere, Sen. To CORRUPT, v. a. I. To infect ; corrumpere, Cic. ; II. Fig., To injure the morals; aliquem vitiare, PJin.

COUNSEL
choose for counsel ; aliquem patronum adoptare ; defeiisionem suam ad patronura deferre, Cic To be the counsel of a party ; causam pro aliquo dicere, Cic / was counsel in that cause ; huic causa; patronus exstiti, Cic. The opinion of counsel; jurisconsultorum responsa, orum, n. pi., Cic.

To corrugate

corrumpere, depravare, Cic. ; mores pervertere, Nep. III. To bribe; alicujus fidem labefacere, Suet.; fidem pretio labefactare, Cic. To corrupt a judge ; jus adulterare pecunia; judicem largitione corrumpere ; Cic He wishes to corrupt me beforehand ; donis cupit mi praacorrumpere, Ov. To CORRUPT, v. n. Corrumpi, Ter. ; vitiari Th fish are corrupting ; pisces corrumpuntur, Ter., alien The fruits corrupt; fructus putescunt. antur, Cels. I. Spoiled ; corruptus vitiatus, Lucr. ^CORRUPT, a. Cic. II Corrupt blood; insincerus cruor, Virg. A corrupt record; corrupta tabula, Cic. Falsified III. Depraved in morals ; corruptus; depravatus ; Cic
;

To

Cic

Corrupt manners; mores pravi, corrupti, perditi, Cic IV. Bribed. A corrupt judge ; judex nummarius
Cic.

first counselled him to surrender ; deditionis ipse suasor et auctor fuit, Cic. I. One who advises ; consiliarius COUNSELLOR. s. ; You were the counsellor of my expesuasor ; Cic. dition ; fuisti suasor et impulsor profectionis meae, Cic. ; II. A confidant; see To COUNSEL, v a. alicujus con siliis intimus, Ter. ; qui consiliorum alterius est parIII. A king's adticeps, Cic.; see CONFIDANT,*. IV. An advocates see COUNviser; regi a consiliis. SEL, s.
.

He

COUNSEL, v. a. Consilium alicui dare, afferre, Cic. To counsel a man to do a thing ; rem alicui suadere, 1 counsel you to; tibi sum auctor, ut, Plaut

COUNT,
s.

s.

I.

corruptrix ; juventutis corruptela, Ter CORRUPTIBILITY, s. Natura in quam corruptio cadit CORRUPTIBLE, a. Corruption! obnoxius ; dissolubilis caducus, Cic. CORRUPTION or CORRUPTNESS, s. I. Decomposition, II. Depravation of morals; morum corruptio, Cic. corruptela, Cic. CORRUPTLY, ad. Corrupte; depravate ; mendose ; vi;

CORRUPTER.

Cic

Corruptor, Cic.

fern,

comes,

itis,

m.

Reckoning;
III. PI.,

ratio.

II.

Charges in an indictment;

A nobleman;

cot-rupter of youth

tiose.

CORSAIR,

s.

Praedo maritimus

Corsair chief: ar-

chipirata, Cic.

To COUNT, v. a. I. To number; numerare an; numerare ; dinumerare ; Cic To count money ; numerare nummos, or pecuniam (to another) alicui To count the prisoners ; captivos, Liv., or captivorum nuII. To calculate ; rationes merum, Col., recensere. To count over again ; calsubducere, or inire, Cic. culum reducere, Hor To count with the fingers ; comsee To CALCULATE, and To putare digitis, Hor. ; RECKON. III. To esteem, value To count as nothing ; To count pro nihilo ducere ; nullo modo habere ; Cic
: ;

accusationis capita, urn, n. pi.

CORSE, s. See CORPSE. CORSLET, s. Levis lorica. CORTICATED, a. Corticatus, Col. corticosus, Plin. CORUSCANT. a. Coruscans coruscus ; rutilans. CORUSCATION, s. Fulgur ; (coruscatio, Solin.). COSMETIC, a. Ad cutem leniendam et laavigandam
; ;

a thing as

lost ;

habere rem in perditis ac desperatis,


v. a.

To COUNT

UPON.

Confidere

rei, re, in re.

aptus.

COSMOGONY, s. De mundi fabricatione commentum. COSMOGRAPHER. s. Qui mundum describit. COSMOGRAPHICAL. a. Ad descriptionem mundi pers.

tinens.

COSMOGRAPHY,

Mundi

descriptio.

COSMOPOLITE, s Totius orbis civis. COST. s. I. Price; pretium. II. Expense ; surnptus, us Costs of a lawimpensa impendium ; Cic suit ; litis impendia To subject one to costs ; sumptibus litis aliquem obnoxium reddere. COSTIVE, a. Cui alvus est adstrictior, or conquiescit, To be costive ; diffiCels.; or, dura moratur, Hor
; ;

COUNTENANCE, s. I. Vultus, us, Cic. ; habitus oris et To put on a bold countenance ; nobilcm vultus, Plin. audaciam prae se ferre, or adhibere, Cic To put on a woful countenance ; habitum dolentis induere, Tac You may guess from his counttnance ; ex ejus vultu His countenance falls ; non vultus, judicare licet. non color, ei cpnstat, Liv He did not change countenance ; nihil in vultu habituque mutatum, Ter. II. Encouragement ; praaeidium, Cic. ; tutela, Liv. ; clientela, Cic.

To COUNTENANCE,
rare.

t;.

a.

Favere

indulgere

aspi-

COUNTER. *. I. A table to count money on ; mensa. II. A round piece to count with ; calculus, Cic To
reckon with counters ; rationem putare calculis.

cillime excernere, Plin.

COSTIVENESS. 5. Alvus adstricta, or suppressa. COSTLINESS, s. Sumptuosa magnificentia, Cic.

COSTLY,
II.

a.
;

I.

Dear ;

Sumptuous sumptuosus, COT or COTTAGE, s. Casa

carus, pretiosus Cic.


;

Plin.
;

Plin

tugurium
n.
;

Cic.

casula,

COUNTER, ad. See CONTRARY. To COUNTERACT. v. a. Reprimere. To COUNTERBALANCE, v. a. Rem cum altera compenCic To counterbalance the D are aequare ; adaequare evil by the good; mala bonis repensare, Veil. COUNTERCHANGE. s. Commutatio, onis, f. To COUNTERFEIT, v. a. I. To imitate; imitando
;

sheep-cot; ovile,

is,

COTEMPORARY. a. See CONTEMPORARY. COTT. s. (A sea-term.) Pensilis lectus. COTTAGER or COTTER, s. Paganus qui
;

caula, Virg.

in casa, tn;

gurio, habitat.

slvff; gossipii, or xili, lanugo, Plin xilinum, Plin.

COTTON, s. I. The plant; gossipium Plin Of the cotton plant; xilinus, Plin.

II.

xilnm The
;

Cotton-thread;
lectus.
II.

COUCH,

s.

I.

Cubile
i,

stratum

A
;

kind of sofa

To COUCH, To COUCH,

; torus,

complecti. trahere, evolvere.

m. Cubare ; procumbere. -a. a. I. To comprise ; comprehendere II. To operate upon the eye ; leucoma dev n.
.

To exprimere, or consequi, Cic. ; imitando effingere counterfeit better than another; multo similius imiHe counterfeits him completely ; hunc per;ari, Phaedr fecte reddit. To counterfeit the step ; incessum expriTo counterfeit the manners; mores aduinnere, Ov. To counterfeit a hand-writing ; brare, Curt.; Plin. To chirographum imitari, or imitando adulterare, Cic II. To counterfeit coin ,; adulterinos nummos cudere. use to pass for. To counterfeit sickness ; aegrum simuTo counterfeit insanity ; furere se siinulare, are, Liv. Cic To counterfeit sleep ; somnum mentrri, Petr. COUNTERFEIT, s. Res adulterina ; adulterina imitatio. Fictus ; adulteratus ; simulatus ; COUNTERFEIT, a. mentitus ; imitatione simulatus ; Cic Counterfeit coin} nummi adulteri, m. pi., Cic.
COUNTERFEITER,
if

COUCHANT.
Cic.

a.

Cubans recubans
;

Virg.

recumbens,

COUCHGRASS. s. Gramen, Plin. COUGH, s. Tussis, Ter. A slight cough ; tussicula, Plin A dry cough ; tussis sicca, q use nihil emollitur, Cels. To irritate a cough ; tussim exasperare, Plin To bring a cough ; tusses concoquere. To COUGH, v. n. Tussire, Mart. To make to cough ;
tussim movere, Caes.

To COUNTERMAND,
dato irritum facere.

s. Adulterator, Ulp coin ; qui adulterinos nummos cudit.

Counterfeiter

v. a.

Mandatum

contrario

man-

v.n. Iter convertere, Caes.; odem reversionem facere, Plaut. I. Different march from one COUNTERMARCH, s.
Irst

To COUNTERMARCH,
proposed;

iter institute itineri

contrarium.

II.

5. Concilium, Cic Privy council; con- Stat., or regredi. cilium sanctius, or secretius COUNTERMARK, s. Altera nota priori addita. Council of state ; concilium de rebus ad imperium pertinentibus To COUNTERMARK, v. a. Alteram priori notae notam Council of war ; concilium militare To summon a council ; con- addere. cilium convocare, Cic. To admit a person into a counCOUNTERMINE, s. Specus contra hostium specus, cil ; aliquem in concilium advocare, Cic To hold a Vitr. ; contrarius, or adversus, cuniculus, Strad. council ; concilium inire, habere, Cic. To COUNTERMINE, v. a. Transversis cuniculis hostium COUNSEL, s. I. Advice ; consilium. Violent coununiculos excipere, Liv. sel ; consilium acrius, Tac COUNTERMURE. s. Murus muro appositus, Vitr. Moderate counsel; consilium lene, Hor. II. Deliberation; consilium It is COUNTERPANE or COUNTERPOINT, s. Stragulum acu ictum. See COVERLET. for you to take counsel on what you are to do ; vestrum consilium est, quid vobis sit faciendum. III. Apian COUNTERPLOT, s. Opposita fraudi fraus. or scheme advised; consilium. To COUNTERPLOT, v. a. Fraudi fraudem opponere. IV. An. advocate; causidicus ; patronus ; actor ; Cic. actor causarum, To COUNTERPOISE, v. a. Rem pondere aeqnare ; esse A chamber counsel; responsor, Hor. To antidem ponderis. Quint.
;

COULTER, COUNCIL.

s.

Aratri culter, Plin.

dentale, Virg.

A march back to the same place ; regressus, us, Cic. To order a countermarch ; milites jubere iter relegere,

74

COUNTERPOISON
COUNTERPOISON.
i,

COURT
;

*.

Antidotus,

i, f.,

Cell.

antldotum.
;

n., Plin.

COUNTERSCARP,
decli vitas.

s.

Fossae declivis crepido


v. a.

crepidinis
chi-

To COUNTERSIGN, rographo firmare.


COUNTER-TENOR,
s.

Chirographum opposite

(In music); symphoniae sonus Counter-tenor singer ; gracilium alter ab acutissimo ab acuto partium cantor. COUNTER-TICKET, s. (At a theatre) ; altera scenae tessera, ae,
f.
;

To seek favour ; ambire, Cic. To court the great ; circumvolitare potentiorum limina, To court any one ; alicujus gratiam aucupari, Cic. To court a rich man; alicujus fortunam adulari, Cic To neglect to court ; in aliquo colendo indormire, II. To pay one's addresses to a woman Cic. ; puellam
v. a.
I.

To COURT,

Col

sibi in

uxorem

poscere, Plaut., or expetere, Ter.

puellaa

connubium, or virginis conjugium, petere, Virg. ; Ov. ; filiam uxorem sibi poscere, Phaedr. III. To solicit; see To SOLICIT, and To INVITE. COURT-CHAPLAIN, s. Sacerdos regi ; principi a sacro
faciendo.

COUNTESS, s. Comes, itis,f. comitissa, ae, f. COUNTLESS, a. Innumerabilis, Cic. ; innumerus, Virg. ; Ov.

Cic.

COURTEOUS,
litus,

a.

Comis

urbanus
; ;

Cic

Courteous reader

; lector

urbanitate perpobenevole.
;

COUNTRY,
Cic

s.

I.

From one country

A region;
to

regio

tractus.fts

era;

another
;

regionatim, Liv.

COURTEOUSLY, ad. COURTEOUSNESS. s.


Cic.

Cojniter

urbane

Cic.
;

Comitas

urbanitas

humanitas

The people of that country ; illius cardinis populi, Flor. II. (As opposed to Town) rus, ruris, n., Cic To live in the country ; ruri vitam agere, Tac. rure To go into the country ; ire rus, Cic. habitare, Cic. To To spend some time in the country ; rusticari, Cic.
;

return from the country ; rure redire, or venire, Cic. III. One's A lover of the country ; ruris amator, Hor. native land; patria; patriae eolum ; natale solum Love Belonging to one's native country ; patrius, Cic To renounce of one's country; patriaj caritas, Cic. one's country ; patriam exuere, Tac. COUNTRY-DANCE, s. Chorea levior. COUNTRY-HOUSE, s. Villa ; praedium ; Cic. ; villula ; praediolum; Cic. COUNTRY-LIFE, s. Rusticana vita, Cic. COUNTRYMAN, s. One who lives in the country ; rure
habitans
;

I. A member of the king's s. court; II. Fig., An insincere professor of aulicus. friendship; qui gratiam aucupatur, Cic. COURTINE. s. (In fortification) ; aggeris inter duo pro-

COURTESY, COURTIER,

s.

See COURTEOUSNESS.

maxima

pugnacula frons. COURT-LIKE, a. See COURTEOUS. COURTLINESS, s. See COURTEOUSNESS. COURTLY, a. See COURTEOUS. COURT-MINION, s. Regi gratiosus ; qui apud princrpem
est in gratia, or gratia
s. s.

COURTSHIP,

See

To COURT.

plurimum

potest.

ruris incola; rusticanus


.

vir

Cic.

A'fellow

countryman ; popularis ;civis, Cic. ; conterraneus,.Plin. COUNTRY-PARSON. Curio rusticus. COUNTY, s. Comitatus, us. COUPLE, s. I. A brace. A couple of eggs ; bina ova, n. pi A couple of oxen ; bourn jugum, Cic A couple of] A couple of friends ; pigeons ; columbarum par, Ov A married couple ; conjuges. par amicorum. To COUPLE, v. a. Copulare ; copula constringere. COUPLET, s. Cantiuncula, 32, f. COURAGE or COURAGEOUSNESS. s. Animus, Cic. Great courage ; magnanimitas ; fortitude ; animi magTo have courage ; fortem aninitude, or firmitas, Cic .mum habere; esse magno fortique animo; Cic. To cause a man's courage to fail ; animum frangere ac debilitare, Cic. They lose courage ; cadunt animi, Ov. To inspire with courage ; alicui animos addere, or exsuscitare To take courage ; alicujus animum erigere.
.

Area. COUSIN, s. PI. Children of two brothers ; patrueles, He is my um, m. pi., Ov.'; patrueles fratres, Cic In the fern., soror pacousin; meus est patruelis. PL Children of two sistruelis ; pi. sorores patrueles ters ; consobrini ; sing, consobrinus ; fern, .consobrina. Children of the brother, and children of the sister ; Distant cousins ; sobrini ; amitini ; fern, amitinae.

COURT-YARD,

fern, sobrinae.

COVE.
II.

s.

I.

A small bay;
Pactum
;

augustior sinus, us.


"

Shelter; see SHELTER.


s.

Cover of a couch ; stragulum ; of a book ; tegmen Cover of a stragula vestis ; Cic. ; toral, alis, n., Hor II. Pretext; involucrum, well ; puteal, alis, n., Cic. animum erigere, Cic., or sumere, Quint. ; animum re- Cic. ; obtentus, us, Liv. Under cover of religion; sub III. Shelter; teccipere, Cic. specie, sub umbra, religionis, Cic. COURAGEOUS, a. Fortis ; animosus ; magnanimus. Want of cover ; tecti inopia, Cic. turn, Cic. COURAGEOUSLY, ad. I. TV put one thing over another ; Fortiter ; strenue ; animose ; To COVER, v. a. To cover forti animo; Cic To defend one's self courageously y rem tegere ; operire ; Cic. ; cooperire, Liv acri animo se defendere, Cic. To shields with skins ; scuta pellibus induere, Caes. COURIER. *. Prodromus ; antecursor ; precursor ; cover walls with pictures; parietes tabulis vestire, Cic. ( With sculpture) ; parietibus crustas marmoris induI. Career; cursus, us, Cic. COURSE, s. II. ProTo cover a gallery with planks ; lignis porcere, Vitr. Matter to serve for covering; III. Channel of a river ; flumiticum integere, Caes gress ; iter ; cursus, us. num cursus, us, Cic A river that has taken another tegula, Cic. ; tegulum, Plin. II. To put on in quantities. course ; in alium cursum contortus et deflexus amnis, Cic. To cover the To cover with sand ; arena cooperire To change the course of a river; flumenderivare, Plaut., ground with flowers ; humum floribus, or humi flores, To take its course under ground ; alte struere, Hor To cover with leaves ; foliis supervestire, avertere, Cic conditum meare, Plin. The course of the Sadne is so Plin To cover the sea with ships ; mare navibus conTo cover a man with glory ; alicui gloriam gentle that ; Arar tarn incredibili lenitate fluit, ut, Caes. tegere IV. Race-ground; curriculum, Cic. (For foot races) ; parare, Cic. To cover a man with shame ; alicui puIII. To dress with a garment; stadium, Cic (For horse races) ; hippodromus, Piin. dorem incutere, Hor. V. A ship's direction; cursus, us. VI. Order of vestire To cover with something ; re vestire, Cic. rei praetendere ; teordo series. IV. velare VII. A line Course To succession; ; ; velum veil, hide; of study. Darkness He has gone gere; occultare; abdere ; abscondere ; Cic of philosophy ; philosophicum stadium. through a course of philosophy ; philosophicum stadium covers the earth; obscura cceli umbra terram premit, decurrit, or emensus est. VIII. Manner of proceed- Curt. To cover one's flight; fugam occultare, Caes. IX. Manner of life or conduct; To be covered, or to cover one's self, to put a covering on ing ; agenda ratio. mos ; ratio vitae. X. Succession of dishes at table ; the head ; caput operire. I. That which is put over any thing; COVERING, s. ferculum, Suet. First, second, third, course; prima, To give a supper with three tegmen; tegumen; opertorium, Sen.; tegumentum ; altera, tertia, ccena, Mart
;

; pactio ; concontractus, us, Ulp. To COVENANT, v. n. Cum aliquo pacisci, or transigere ; de re pactionem facere ; Cic. COVENANTER, s. Fcederatus, Cic. I. Any thing put over another ; tegmen ; COVER, s. Cover tegumen ; opertorium, Sen. ; operimentum, Plin

COVENANT,
;

conventum

ventio

Cic.

courses
est
;

XI ; ccenam ternis ferculis praebere, Suet. Of course, as a matter of course ; ut mos est ; ut moris
Cic.

operimentum, Plin. vestitus, us ; Cic

1 1. Dress; vestis ; vestimentum Outer covering ; involucrum ; in-,

To
Virg.

Hor. ; ile more, Virg. COURSE, v. a. Leporem venari,


;

tegumentum
Cic.,
sectari,
alis, n.,

Liv.
;

COURSER, s. Equus bellator. COURT, s. I. An inclosed space ; area, Plin. Court surrounded with buildings ; cavaedium, Plin. II. A prince's residence; aula, Cic Attached to the court; aulicus. To be well at court; in aula pulcherrime stare; gratiosum esse apud principem ; Cic. III. he suite of the His prince; regius comitatus, us.
court is not so numerous as that of the emperor ; minor salutantium numerus ad eum confluit, quam ad impera>rem. IV. A place where justice is administered ; curia, Cic. A lower court; curia inferior. V. The

COVERLET, s. Stragulum stragula vestis ; Cic, ; toral, Hor. ; lodix, Juv. ; lodicula, Suet. I. Shelter; tectum COVKRT. s. (From the wea-

judges ; judices, urn, pi. VI. The endeavour to please; (potentU) cultura, Hor. To make one's court to a prince ; apud regem officia dcxtre obire, Liv. assiduis obaequUi regem colere see To COURT.
; ;

ther) ; locus ab aeris injuria defensus, or tutus, Cic. ; locus ventis subductus, Plin. ; locus noxio afflatu carens, Plin. ; Under covert imbris, venti, or solis, suffugium, Plin. To be under covert ; esse of a wall ; muro protectus. II. A thicket in which in tuto, Liv. ; see SHELTER. beasts hide themselves ; cubile ; latibulum ; Cic. COVERT, a. I. Sheltered (from the cold) ; a frigore II. Hidden, secret; tectus, Cic., or defensus, Virg. tectus ; occultus arcanus Covert hatred ; compressum et taciturn odium, Cic. Covert grief; reconditus et Covert designs; penitus abstrusus animi dolor, Cic. clandestina consilia, Cic. COVERTLY, ad. Clandestine, Plaut. ; clam ; secreto ; occulte ; arcane ; Col. ; remotis arbitris, Cic.
j

75

COVET
To COVET,
COVETABLE.
optabilis
;

CRACK
; cupicupiditate rei teneri,

t'.

a.

ditatis oculos ad rem adjiccre ardere, or flagrare, Cic.

Avide expetere, or appetcre


;

a. a.

Optandus
I.

exoptandus

expetendus

Cic.

Desirous of any thing ; rei apII. Greedy of gain ; avidus; petens, or cupidus, Cic. cupidus ; Cic. ; avidus divitias parandi, Ov. ; gazis Covetous of honours ; in appetendis innians, Sen honoribus immodicus, Veil. To be covetous of honour ;
sitire

COVETOUS,

honores, Cic.

COVETOUSLY, ad. COVETOUSNESS. s.


ney)
;

Avide; cupide; sitienter; Cic. Cupiditas, aviditas Cic (Of mo;

To crack jokes y jocos agitare, Ov. ; joca agere, SailTo crack a joke ; jocum movere, Sail. To CRACK, v. n. I. To utter a loud noise ; creTo make one's fingers crack ; concrepare pare, Hor II. To open digitis, Cic. ; articulos infringere, Quint. in chinks ; rimas agere, Cic. ; rimas capere, Plin The ground cracks with heat; teira hiat aestubus, Col The cold makes the stones crack ; dissiliunt frigore lapides. III. Toboajst; see To BOAST. CRACK-BRAINED, a. Stultus insanus ; mente captus ; demens ; amens ; vesanus ; Cic. ; furiosus ; male sanu* ; Hor. CRACK-HEMP or CRACK-ROPE. *. Furcifer dierectus ;
; ;

divitiarum aviditas ; Cic. ; auri fames, ; pecuniae inamia, Veil. COVEY, s. I. A hatch ; pullatio ; pullities ; pulli una incubatione exclusi. II. A number of birds ; grex avium volantium. Covey of partridges ; perdicum grex. A young cow ; bucula, Cic. ; Cow. s. Vacca ; bos A lean and dry cow ; exsiccior vacca, vaccula, Plin. Varr A barren cow; taura, Col.; vacca sterilis, A cow that has never calved; junix, Pers. ; juVirg. A good cow for breeding ; venca, Virg. ; vitula, Varr bos feturas habilis, Virg A cow ivith calf; horda, Varr A cow that has brought forth a calf; vacca feta, A milch cow ; lactaria bos Of or belonging to Virg a cow ; bubulus ; vaccinus ; Plin. Cow's milk ; bubulum, or vaccinum, lac, Plin Cow-dung; bubulum, or vaccinum, stercus ; vaccinum fimum, Plin. ; vaccinus fimus Cow -herd ; bubulcus, Virg.; bourn custos. To be a cow-herd; bubulcitari, Plaut. ; boves pascere, Virg. To Cow. v. a. Alicui terrorem injicere, or metum incutere ; aliquem timore afficere, or percellere ; Cic. COWARD, s. Ignavus; timidus; Cic. j meticulosus,
avaritia
;

trifurcifer, Plaut.

Virg.

sordes, pi., Cic.

n. Crepitare, Virg. ; Plin crackling torch ; stridula fax, Ov Crackling of laurel leaves in the fire ; crepitus, us, Cic.
v.

To CRACKLE,
s.

CRACKNEL, CRADLE, s.
Cic.
bulis, Liv.
;

From one's cradle;


CRADLE,
v.

Crustulum. Cunse ; cunabula ; incunabula, n. pi., a cunabulis, Cic. ; ab incunaa primis annis, Cic. ; usque a cunabulis,
a.
I. To put into a cradle; in II. To rock in a cradle ; in fan tern One who rocks a cradle ; cunarum

Plaut.

To

cunabulis ponere. in cunis versare

motor, Mart. CRAFT, s.

Plin.

COWARDICE, a. COWARDLY, a.
Cic.
;
;

Ignavia
I.

timiditas
;

Cic.
;

I. A manual trade ; ars A low craft ; ars sordida, humilis, Cic. To exercise one's craft; in arte versari ; artum factitare, or colere, Cic. ; artem II. Cunning; exercere, Hor. Fraus; artificium; III. A small vessel; navis depressior, doli, pi. ; Cic. or humilis, Caes. ; navicula. CRAFTILY, ad. I. Skilfully ; artificiose ; affabre; solerter ; Industrie ; Cic. ; solerti manu, Tibull. II. Cunningly ; astute ; subdole ; vafre ; veteratorie ; Cic. CRAFTINESS, s. Dolus ; calliditas ; astus, us ; astutia ; fallacia ; Cic To use craftiness ; astutiam instituere, Plaut. ; dolum et machinam ad rem commoliri,Cic.

Timorous
II.
;

ignavus

timidus

CRAFTSMAN,

s.

meticulosus,
fcedus
II.
;

Plin.

Befitting

a coward;
;

man ;

Artifex; opifex

A cunning

crafts-

turpis
Cic. Cic.

pudendus Cic. I. Timorously ; COWARDLY, ad. ignave


Basely,

timide

meanly; ignominiose

turpiter:

To COWER, v. n. Procidere ; se incurvare. COW-HOUSE, s. Bubile; Col. COW-KEEPER. *. Bubulcus, Virg. bourn custos. COWL. s. Cucullus, Juv. cucullio, Cato. COWSLIP, s. Primula veris. COXCOMB, s. Fatuui, Cic. qui se suaque nimium amat A bit of a coxcomb ; subinsulsus, Cic To make a man a coxcomb ; aliquem infatuare, Cic To play the coxcomb ; fatuari, Sen. COXCOMBRY, s. Fatuitas, Cic. ; ineptus sui suorumque omnium amor. COY. a. I. Modest; modestus ; Cic. II. Reserved;
;
;

probus artifex, Ter. a. Astutus ; subdolus ; Plaut. ; versutus ; cautus; callidus ; Cic.; fraudi inapertus, Sil. Ital. CRAG. 5. Rupes, Caes. ; petra, Curt. ; scopulus, Cic. ; saxum, Virg. ; prerupta saxa, Cic. ; dirupta rupes, Liv. CRAGQED or CRAGGY, a. Scaber, Ov. ; scabrosus ; salebrosus ; Virg Craggy places ; aspreta, pi., Liv.; aspera loca, pi., Cat*. ; salebras, Mart. solum inequale,

CRAFTY,

CRAGGEDNESS or CRAGGINESS.
ritas, Cic.

a.

(Viarum) aspe-

To CRAM.
farcire, or

v. a.

I.

plere, or rcplere, Cic.;

stuff"; aliquid re, or rei, nnII. To fill with opplere, Liv.

To

circumspectus, Quint.

COYLY, ad.
COYNESS,
s.

Modeste

moderate
;

considerate
;

Cic.

circumspectius, Quint.

Modestia

considerantia

moderatio

Cic. ; To COZEN, r;. a. I. To impose upon, deceive ; alicui imponere, or fucum facere ; aliquem fallere, or decipere ; aliquem in errorem, or in captionem, inducere ; II. To make sport ahquem in fraudem impellere, Cic. of; aliquem lepide ludificari, Ter. ; alicui illudere, Cic.

circumspectio

To CRAMP, v a. I. To pain with cramp* ; conII. To obstruct; moram afferre. torquere; convellere. III. To fasten with cramps; fibulare rem, Col.;
.

I. A spasm ; manuum pedumve brevis, s. II. A hinder-ait.ee ; see dolore, contractio. III. A piece of iron to join two bodies; ferrea fibula, Care. ; ferrea ansa, Vitr.

To cram poultry ; avem food; ventrem farcire, Sen III. To thrust in by force ; opimare, Col. Plin. ; Col. ; deprimere ; To CRAM. v. n. Cibis se ingurgitare, Ck. ; vino epulisque obrui, Nep.
demittere

CRAMP,

sed

cum

HINDERANCE.

I have cozened him pretty well ; eum


;

lusi jocose satis,

COZENAGE, s. Fraus ; dolus fallacia ; Cic. COZENER, s. Veterator ; insignis fraudum


Cic.
;

artifex

vafer, Cic. CRAB. s. II. cancer. wild J.. A shellfish; III. A morose ; moroapple } malum sylvestre. IV. A sign in the Zodiac; sus; difficilis; tetricus.
;

fraudulentus

man

engine ; capreolus, Col. CRABBED, a. I. Morose, peevish ; indocilis ; intractabilis ; Cic. ; Sen. ; pervicax ; pertinax ; morosus ; II. Disagreeable; ingratus ; injudifficilis; tetricus. cundus ; Cic. ; gravis ; molestus ; acerbus ; Cic His style is crabbed; aliquid injucunditatis habet ipsius A crabbed style ; aspera oratio, Cic. oratio, Cic. III. Difficult; implicatus ; intricatus ; Plaut.; perA crabbed mind ; obscurum et implicatum plexus, Liv mgenium A crabbed question ; res controversiis unplicata ; involuta obscuritate causa.

Cancer.

V.

An

kind of bird; grus, Cic A young II. A machine for raising weights f crane ; yipio, Plin. III. A crookedpipe to draw liquors out of grus, Vitr. a cask; siphon, onis, m., Juv. siphunculus, Plin. I. (In machines) ; manubrium versatile. CRANK, s. 11. A winding passage ; diverticulum, Ter. ; flexus, Cic. ; anfractus, us ; circuitio, C&s.

fibula constringere. CRAMPED, part. a. Arctatus are cramped in lodging ; in his aedibus anguste habitamus To have Cramped style; contortum dicendi genus, Cic a cramped style; anguste dicere, Cic. CRAMP-IRON, s. Ferrea fibula, or ansa, Cses. Vitr. CRAMP-FISH, s. Torpedo, Cic.

We

this

,-

CRANE,

s.

I.

CRANNIED,
biulca
siti

a.

Rimas agens, Cic.; rimarum plemis,


Fields crannied with drought;

Ter.: rimosus, Col


arva, Virg.

CRANNY, s. Rima; fissum, Cic.; fissura, Col small cranny; rimula, Col. CRAPE, s. Pannus bombycinus tenuis et crispus. Crape as mourning ; luctus insigne.
tus, Cic.

CRABBEDLY.
pere; Ter.
Cic.

ad.
II.

I.

Harshly; dure

With

difficulty ; implicite

duriter ; ascontorte ; ;

CRAPULENCE. s. Crapula, Cic. CRAPULOUS, a. Ganeo, Ter. ; vino lustrisque confecCRASH, v. n. Crepare, Hor. ; crepitare, Ph'n. CRASH, v. a. Effringere, Plaut. ; confringere, Cic. CRASH, s. Fragor, Virg. ; ruinae sonitus, Hor With a crash; fragose, Plin. ; cum ingenti fragore, Curt. To fall with a crash ; ruinam cum sonitu trahere,
Virg.

CRABBEDNESS. s. I. Sourness of taste ; asperitas ; II. Morosencss of manners, acerbitas; aspredo, Cels. or speech ; morum, or orationis, asperitas, Liv. ; (verus, Cic.

To To

borum) acerbitas, Cic. I. Sound of a thing cracking; CRACK, s. II. Any quick sound ; fragor, Cic.

crepitus,
III.

chink; rima; rimula, Cels. To CRACK, v. a. To break into chinks; findere; To crack a man's skull; caput aperire, Juv. diffindcre.
76

CRASSITUDE,

s.

See THICKNESS.
Varr.j

CRATCH,

s.

pra-sepis, Col.

Pra?sepe, Virg.; prasepium, (Falisca, Cato, doubtfuL)

CRAVAT
CRAVAT. 4, To CKAVB.
tnajorem in ut, Cic.
v.

CREDIT
;

Caesicium cpllo circumvoiutum. a. Ab aliquo flagitare, or efflagitare

modura petere ab alimo atque contendere,


s.
i.

CRAVEN,

e.

A coward ;

ignavus

timidus

Cic.

A craving CRAVING, s. Immoderata cupiditas, Cic A craving for for glory ; infinita glorias aviditas, Cic. the town ; mirum desiderium urbis, Cic. To CRAUNCH. v. a. Dentibus crepitare, Plaut., or
The teeth meet in stridere, Cels inter se dentes, PI in. CRAW. s. Ingluvies, Col.
craunching
; arietant

meticujosus, PVin.

River s. Astacus, Plin. Sea crawfish ; astacus astacus fluvialis. Claws marinus. Shell of the crawfish ; crusta, Plin. Extremities of the claws; qf the crawfish; chelae, Plin denticulate forcipeE, Plin. CRAWL. *. Piscaria, Varr. ; ostrearium. I. To creep ; repere, Plant. ; To CRAWL, v. n. The act of crawling; reptatus, us, Plin. reptare, Plin To crawl along the ground; humi, or per humum, II. To move slowly ; tarde, or lente, inserpere, Cic. gredi, or iter facere ; lento gradu procedere ; Cic.

CRAWFISH or CRAYFISH,
;

crawfish

To CREDIT, v. a. Rei fidem adjungere rem credere ; Cic. To credit a person's testimony; alicujus testimonio fidem adhibere, tribuere, Cic. / credit this on your assertion; credo tibi hoc, Ter.
;

fides mercatorum concidit, Cic To destroy a man's credit; mercatori fidem abrpgare, Plaut To save a man's credit ; debitoris existimationem tueri, Cas. IV. Authority; auctoritas ; gratia; pondus To be in credit with another ; apud aliquem gratia valere, maxima gratia esse, or pondus nabere, Cic.

Tac To have good credit; re sua fide emere. To have no credit; nullam fidem Loss of credit ; fidei lapsus, us, Plin His credit is sinking ; fides eum deficere coepit, Cic. This merchant has lost his credit ; hie mercator fidem The credit of the merchants is gone ; consumpsit, Sail.
credit ;
affecta fides,

habere, Cic

highly creditable to
illud
illi

I. Respectable ; CREDITABLE, a. honestus. II. That reflects honour upon one ; honorificus. That was you ; magnam consecutus es gloriam ;

tibi

magnae

gloriae

fuit;

ista

tibi

immortalem

This is creditable to htm ; hoc gloriam dederunt ; Cic est honorificum, or honori et glorias. CREDITABLY, ad. Gloriose ; bene et laudabiliter. CREDITOR, s. Creditor, Cic. ; fern, creditrix, Paul.
Jet

CRAWLER.
bestiae, Cic.

5.

Animal repens, Lucr.


I.

pi.,

serpentes
;

sort of pencil; color tritus et in pastillum figuratus.


s.
;

CRAYON,

To cheat one's creditors; creditores fraudare, Cic. CREDULITY, s. Credulitas, Cic. ; credendi temeritas,

graphium, Ov.
II.
;

Tac.

A drawing

linearis with crayon ; granrmica deformatio, Vitr. Red crayon ; ruadumbratio ; primae lineas Quint brica, Hor. I. To break ; see To BREAK. To CRAZE, v. a. II. To pulverise ; in pulverem redigere, or extenuare, III. To turn the brain; Plin., or resolvere, Col. aliquem ad insaniam adigere. I. (Of the body) ; inCRAZINESS or CRAZEDNESS. s. II. (Of the mind) firmitas imbecillitas, Cic. animi
; ;

CREDULOUS, a. Credulus, Cic. To be credulous; avidissime credere, Plin. CREED, s. I. A confession of faith ; symbolum ; fidei II. Fig. Opinio ; sententia Cic. professio. I. A small bay; angustior sinus. CREEK, s. II. Any turning; diverticulum, Ter.; anfractus, us ; cir;"

cuitio

Caes.

flexus, Cic.

imbecillitas, Cic. I. CRAZY, a.

Weak

caducus
;

fragilis

Cic
;

A
II.

crazy house ; caduca domus ruinosae aedes; Cic. Weak in mind ; stultus ; insanus ; mente captus

deor

mens

To

amens Cic. CREAK, v. n.


;

The door creaks ; cardo

stridet.

stridorem reddit.

CREAM, s. Lactis spuma pinguior The cream of a thing ; quod eximium est. To CREAM, v. n. Spumas agere. To CREAM, v. a. I. To sit m ; see To SKIM. II. Fig., To take the best part of; succum subtilissimum

A garment Sinus, us, Virg. ; ruga, Plin full of creases ; rugosa, or sinuosa, vestis, Plin. To CREASE, v, n. Rugare, Plaut See how his gown creases ; vide palliolum ut rugat, Plaut.
To CREATE, v. a. I. To call into being; rem ex nihilo creare, procreare, efficere, conflcere, Cic God hath created the world; Deus mundum eft'ecit, condidit,

exprimere. CREASE, s.

IV. A grapnel ; uncus ; harpago; Caes. focarius. CREEPINGLY. ad. Repens, Plin. ; reptans reptabundus; Sen. CREOLE or CREOLIAN. s. A coloniis oriundus. To CREPITATE, v. n. Crepitare, Plin. ; dare acrem
;

CREEKY. a. Flexuosus, Cic A creeky road; iter multis flexibus tortuosum, Cic. To CREEP, v. n. Repere ; serpere ; reptare ; humi se To creep to a place ; aliquo adrepere, Plin. protrahere To creep on one's knees ; tellurem genibus perrepere, Tibull Hardly able to creep along; asgre trahens membra torpentia. Si!. Ital He creeps after me ; reptabundus me sequitur, Sen. The act of creeping ; repTo creep into honours ; tatio, Quint.; reptatus, us, Plin ad honores obrepere, Cic To creep into favour ; in animos hominum influere, Cic. Error easily creeps into men's minds ; error facile irrepit in mentes hominum Age creeps on; obrepit senectus, Juv. CREEPER. I. A creeping plant; herba quae II. A very small bird; (humi) repit, or reptat, Plin. III. A kind of andiron ; subex picus murarius.
.

sonitum, Virg.

To create construxit, fabricatus, or molitus, est, Cic. one a magistrate; magistratum creare, Cic. II. To produce by invention ; invenire. CREATION, s. I. The act of creating ; creatio, Cic. Creation of the world ; mundi fabricatio, molitio, Since the creation; aprima mundi oriefftectio, Cic 1 1. The sum of gine, Virg. ; ab aevo condito, Plin. things created ; res a Deo effectae,, condita; procreatae. III. Election; magistratuum creatio Cic. IV. Work of imagination ; opus excogitatum.
CREATIVE,
a.
s.
;

CREPUSCLE. s. Crepusculum, Col. (Crepusculum is used especially of evening twilight ; diluculum, of the morning.) Evening crepuscle ; lucis et noctis confinia, Ov Morning crepuscle ; obscurum cceptae lucis, Tacv CRESCENT, a. Crescent moon ; crescens luna, Varr. CRESCENT, s. i.e. A form of the moon; bicornis lima, Hor. ; lunae crescentis cornua, Cic. To marshal an army in the form of a crescent ; lunare aciem in arcum, A fleet so ranged; lunata classis, Lucan. Propert CRESS, s. Water cress ; nasturtium aquaticum.
.

Garden

cress ; nasturtium, Plin.


s.

CREATOR,
Of the world
architectus,

Qui creat, &c. Creator ; fern, creatrix.


;

CRESSET,

i.e. Beacon-fire;
I.

fax; luminis insigne


;

The Creator

nocturnum, Liv.
CREST,
tula,
s.
.

Creator
Cic.
;

crest ; cristam subrigere, helmet ; apex, Virg. CRESTED, a. Cristatus, Mart. CREST-FALLEN, a. Animo perculso et abjecto, or fracto ac demisso, Cic. A small crevice ; rimula. To CREVICE, s. Rima quio addictus, Cic. Full of crevices ; fill up a crevice ; rimam explere, Cels. CREDENCE, s. Fides, Cic. Author worthy of cre- rimarum plenus, Ter. ; rimosus, Col. dence ; certus, locuples, luculentus, idoneus, auctor, Cic. CREW. s. Ccetus, us; multitude; Cic A rascally To give credotee to a thing; rei fidem adj linger e, crew; sceleratorum colluvies, Cic. A ship's crew; Crew of a galley ; reclassiarii, Cass. ; navalis turba CREDENTIALS, s. Literae commendatitiae, Cic. mjges, pi., Cass. ; remigium, Cic. ; Hor. CREDIBILITY, s. Argumenta quibus animus ad creCREWEL. *. Glomus, i, m., Hor. : glomus, eris, n.,

mundi procreator, artifex, opifex, summus rerum conditor Fig. ; rei

(Of animals)

crista, Plin.

dim., cris-

Col

To raise one's

primus auctor. CREATURE, s. I. A thing created ; res creata The creatures of God; res a Deo effects, conditae, procreata;. A dumb creature; bestia. II. One who looks to another for advancement; cliens ; alicujus obse-

Plin.

II. Crest of a

dendum
dible dible

inclinatur, Liv.

CREDIBLE, a. Credibilis ; fide dignus ; Cic. A creTo make one's sey creperson ; plenus fidei, Cic. ; fidem sibi praestruere, Liv To make a thing credibly rei fidem facere, Cic. CREDIBLY, ad. Credibiliter, Cic. CREDIT, s. I. Belief} fides, Cic. ; see CREDENCE. II. To be in great credit ; Reputation ; existiraatio :istim,it\one florere, Cic. A man in great credit; homo magnae existimationis, or magni To pretii, Cic. bring a thing into credit ; rem in honorem adducere, III. Trust To sell upon credit; reposed ; fides. absenti pecunia vendere. To buy upon credit; pecunia non numerata, sed obstricta tantum Lost fide, emere. 77
_

Plin. CRIB. s. I. The rack of a stable ; praesepe, Virg. ; II. The stall of an ox; buhile, Col. przesepis, Varr. III. infant's bed; cunae; cunabula; incunabula; Cic. ; Liv.

An

CRIBBAGE. s. Ludus, cui nomen Cribbage. CRIBBLE, s. Cribrum, Cic. I. The noise of a door-hinge; stridor CRICK, s. cardinis. II. A pain in the neck ; cervicis rigor. II. A CRICKET, s. I. An insect; gryllus, Plin. III. A low stool; imum game; ludus baculi et pilae.
facere, Suet

subscllium, Plaut. ; sedecula ; sellula. CRIER, s. Praeco, Cic To be a crier ; praeconium The qfficc of a crier; praeconium.

CRIME
A daring CRIME. *. Scelus, Cic. ; malefactum. An infamous crime ; crime ; scelestum facinus, Cic A capital crime ; crimen capitis, Cic. flagitium, Cic. To The principal in a crime ; sceleris architectus, Cic commit a crime; scelus, or facinus, patrare, or admittere, Cic. ; Hor. To be implicated in a crime ; implicari To heap crime on crime ; scelus scelere maleficio, Cic cumulare, Cic. A CRIMINAL, a. Scelestus; sceleratus ; nefarius. A criminal criminal life; vita turpis et nocens, Cic
Cic. case ; causa capitis,
;

CROCK
CROCK.
capedo,
*.

Urceus, Hor.
*. *.

cymbium, Virg.

urna, or

fictilis.

CROCKERY.
CROCODILE.

Vasa

Cic. Crocodile's teart; Crocodilus, Plin


fictilia, pi.,

confictae lacrymae, Ter.

To criminal affair ; res capitalis, or criminosa, Cic. A crimihear a criminal case ; audire de capite, Sen. nal judge; qujESitor, Virg. CRIMINAL. 5. Sons ; nocens.' A state criminal; perduellionis scelere constrictus. I. Wickedly; CRIMINALLY, ad. sceleste; nefarie; II. According to flagitiose; per summum nefas ; Cic. To prosecute crimicriminal law; capitaliter, Plin. inferre. To proceed in litem aliquem capitis nally ;

(causa criminalis, Asc. Fed.).

CROFT, s. Septum ; clausum ; Col. CROISADE or CRUSADE. *. Sacrum bellum sub crucis vexillo susceptum. CROISES. s. pi. Qui crucem sacrae militiae notam induerunt ; qui sacrae militias nomen dederunt. CRONE. *. i. e. An old woman ; anus, Os, f. ; mulier vetula, Cic. ; mulier grandaeva et defecta, Sen. CRONY, s. Quocum necessitudo vetus intercedit,
Cic.

CROOK.
pastorale

*.

Hamus
v.

uncus
,

shepherd's crook

criminally ; de aliquo capitis, capite, or de capite, inquirere, Liv.

CRIMINALITY,
Cic.

s.

Improbitas
Accusatio
; ;

perversitas
;

pravitas
;

CRIMINATION,
simulatio
;

s.

crimen

criminatio

in-

delatio

Cic.

CRIMINATORY,

a.
I.

Accusatorius.

In a criminatory

manner;
CRIMP,

accusatorie.
a.

Crisp ; brittle; fragilis, Ov. ; Cic. II. Inconsistent; secum pugnans ; a se discrepans ;

Cic. To CRIMPLE. v. a. Rugare. To crimple the skin; cuti rugas inducere, Ov. ; cutem in rugas replicare, Plin. ; To crimple the forehead ; cuti rugas inducere, Tibull. frontem corrugare, Plaut., contrahere, Cic., or astrinTo crimple the surface of the water ; undas gere, Sen. A light breeze crimples the surface of asperarc, Virg the water ; summa aqua leni vento stringitur, Mart.

CRIMSON, s. CRIMSON, a. To CRINGE,

v. n.

Color coccineus, or phcenicius. Coccineus ; phcenicius, Plaut. In humilitatem se subraittere, Liv.

alicui ad pedes se abjicere, Cic. CRINIGEROUS. a. Pilosus, Cic. CRIPPLE, s. Claudus, Cic. ; membris captus, Liv. membris iners, Plin. debihtare To CRIPPLE, v. a. Mutilare ;

membrum

Cic.

CRISS-CROSS-ROW, s. Prima elementa puerorum, Cic. ; prima elementa literarum, Quint. CRISIS, s. (Of a disease) ; crisis. Sen Fig. ; The affair
is at its crisis ;

summa
Ov.

res agitur.

I. Curled ; crispus, Ter. ; cirratus, Plin. CRISP, a. II. Crisp with a curling iron ; calamistratus, Cic.

incurvare ; inflectere. CROOK-BACK, s. Gibbus, Cels. ; gibberosus, Suet. I. Bent; curvus ; curvatus ; incurCROOKED, a. A crooked line ; curva linea A vatus ; incurvus ; Cic crooked stick ; incurvum ac leviter a summo inflexum Crooked with age; aetate, or annis, gravis, bacillum, Cic. Liv. ; Hor. II. Bent different ways ; contortus ; distortus ; Cic A crooked man; homo corpore distorto. A crooked stem ; intortus caudex, Plin. Crooked legs ; A man with crooked legs ; varus, distorta crura, Hor. III. Winding; tortuosus; flexuosus ; Cic.; siPlin. IV. Perverse; perversus ; pravus ; denuosus, Plin. A crooked mind ; absurdum pravatus ; improbus ; Cic. ingenium, Tac. ; praeposterum ingenium, Sail. Lucr. ; contorte, Cic. CROOKEDLY, ad. I. Torte, He walks crookedly ; transversus incedit, Varr. II. Perversely; praepostere ; perperam; absurde ; Cic. CROOKEDNESS, s. I. Tortus, us ; flexus, us ; anfracII. Perverseness; see PERVERSENESS. tus, us; Cic. I. The craw of a bird ; ingluvies, Col. CROP. s. II. The highest part of any thing ; vertex ; apex ; Cic. ; III. The harsummus, agreeing with a substantive. An abundant crop ; Ia;ta3 vest ,- messis ; seges ; Cic. segetos, Virg. I. To cut short; decurtare, Plin.; To- CROP. v. a. To crop close ; strictim attondere, Plaut. ; curtare. II. To gather corn ; metere, tondere ad cutem, Cels. Cic. ; demetere ; messem facere ; frumenta decidere ; Col. To gather flowers ; colligere ; carpere ; decerIII. (Of cattle); To feed; pcre; Cic.; legere, Virg. pastum morsu carpere, Cic. ; gramme, or frondibus, pasci, Ov. ; herbas depascere, Col. CROP-FULL, a. Retertus, Cic. ; naviter plenus, Lucr. ; plenus a summo, Plaut. CROP-SICK, a. Epulis confectus. CROSIER, s. Pedum pontificium. I. Two transverse pieces of wood ; duo CROSS, s.
a.

To CROOK,

pedum, Virg.
Curvare

Brittle

fragilis,

To

CRISP, v. a.

Plin. ; friabilis, Crispare, Plin. ; torquere.

CRISPATION. s. Ars capillos crispandi. CRISPING-IRON or CRISPING-PIN. s. Calamister, Cic. ; calamistrum, Varr. CRISPNESS. s. To be expressed by the adjectives. CRITERION, s. Signum ; insigne ; indicium ; Cic. ; nota, Quint. I. A judge of writings ; criticus, Cic. ; CRITIC, s. A verbal critic ; syllabarum auceps, Aristarchus, Hor. II. A censor; morosus, or malevolus, reprehenCic. To imbibe the spirit Cic. obtrectator or censor ; ; sor, of a critic ; censoris animum sumere, Hor. I. Of accurate taste ; emunctse naris ; CRITICAL, a. A critical taste ; judicium intelligens, subacti judicii. A man of critical taste ; limatum, ac politum, Cic.

To Vitr. II. An instrument of punishment ; crux put up a cross for some one ; alicui crucem erigere, Cic. To suspend on the cross ; aliquem in crucem tollere, or
agere, Cic. ; cruci dare, Plaut. j cruci affigere ; in cruce III. Affliction, misforsuffigere; cruce afficere ; Cic. tune; animi cruciatus, us ; aerumnae, Cic. ; infortunium, IV. To play at cross and Ter. ; adversus casus, Cic. pile; aversi adversive nummi sorte ludere. I. Transverse ; transversarius, Caes. ; in CROSS. Cross lines ; linea? transversae, transversum positus, Plin II. Contrary A cross acccident ; incommoCels.
.

ligna transversa, Caes.

St.

Andrew's cross

decussis,

dum ; difficultas ; Cic. ; oflendiculum, Plin. Fortune Cross was cross; transversa incurrit fortuna, Cic. To be at cross purpurposes ; inimicus adversarius III. Peevish; morosus; austerus ; poses ; adversari. He difficilis ; Cic. A cross woman ; mulier adversatrix, vir judicio exquisite, or judicio eruditissimus, Cic. A cross humour ; praya animi contentio, Curt. Ter. is of an over-critical taste ; est fastidii delicatissimi, Cic. To CROSS, prep, and ad. See ACROSS. II. Belonging to a critic; censorius, Quint I. To lay crosswise ; To CROSS, v. a. decussare, make critical notes on a work ; scriptum notis confodere, IV. Col. ; cancellare, Plin. To cross one's arms ; brachia III. Censorious; see CENSORIOUS. Plin. J. dies in crucis morem brachia inter secommitcritical a A to crisis. criticus, decussare; day ; Relating To cross one's legs ; crus alterum alteri transV. Dangerous; anceps lubricus ; Cic. tere Cels. To cross pikes ; hastas decussare; versum inducere. CRITICALLY, ad. Accurate, Cic. To criticise a work ; opus velli- sarissas decussatim, or cancellatim, transversas hosti To CRITICISE, v. a Fig., To cross breeds ; species copulando mecare, Varr. ; scripta censoria virgula nptare, Quint objicere. To cri- liorare, Ulp. II. To go across. To cross a wide counTo criticise severely ; lima mordacius uti, Ov. To try ; immensos tractus permeare, Plin., or percurrere, ticise minutely ; scripta nasute distringere, Phasdr Cic To cross the Alps; Alpes transcendere, transire, criticise actions ; facta reprehendere, or obtrectare, Tac. To cross a river ; flumen transire, I. The art of criticising; ars de CRITICISM, s. transgredi, Cic. II. A critical remark; censura, Liv. (by swimming) ; flumen tranare, transnare, or transscriptis judicandi. doctorum Liv scholars veTo cross an arm of the sea ; transthe criticism Cic. dread To ; Plin. of natare, ; Minute criticism ; verborum fretare, Plin. To cross a river with an army ; copias reri reprehensionem, Cic. To cross to or Liv. ; Caes. is receiving severe criticism ; book This fluvium Cic traducere, trajicere, captatio, a place ; ad locum freto transire, Cic. A lake which canmordet hunc librum lima censoria, Mart. I. (As a frog); coaxare, Plin. not be crossed on foot or in boats ; eluctabilis nee pediti To CROAK, v. n. III. (Of inanimate objects) ; The frogs croak more than usual ; vocales sunt ultra so- nee navigio lacus, Sen. II. (As a raven) ; crocire, Plaut. The river crosses the town ; amnis urbem litum ranae, Plin. transire, Cic IV. To thwart ; obstare ; obsistere ; aliinterfluit, Liv. crocitare, Plin. To ci-oss I. (Offrogs) ranarum cla- cui adversari, or impedimentum afferre Cic. CROAKING or CROAK, s. II. (Of ravens) cro- a man's designs and endeavours ; alicujus consiliis obmor, Phaedr., or cantus, us, Plin. Cic He obstare is et sistere Non. conatibus, always crosscitus, us, She crossed I. Of saffron ; crocinus, Plin. OROCEOUS. a. ing me ; mihi in omnibus adversatur, Cic. me in that matter ; mihi in ea re fuit adversatrix, Plaut. 11, Of the colour of saffron ; croceus, Virg. 78
; ; : ; ; ;
'

CROSS-BARS
To cross out (writing); scriptum lineis cancellatim ductis, or decussatis, delere. CROSS-BAES. s. Cancelli, orum.pl. Cross-barred; cancellatus. Balista ; scorpio ; Cic. ; manubalista, CROSS-BOW, s.
Veget.
;

CRUDENESS
CRUDENESS or CRUDITY, j. Cruditas, Cic. CRUEL, a. Ferus immanis crudelis saevus inhuA cruel fight ; obnixa pugna, manus barbarus Cic Val., Max. CRUELLY, ad. Crudeliter; inhumaniter; atrociter; To use or treat cruelly ; Cic. immisericorditer, Ter.
;

CROSS-BOWMAN,
Veget.

s.

Sagittarius, Cic.

manubalistarius,

saevitiam, or crudelitatem, in cere, Cic.

aliquem adhibere, or exer-

CROSS-CAPER, s. CROSS-GRAINED.
cilis;

Pedum
a.
;

saltando iraplicatio.
; ;

intractabilis

Perversus; morosus ; indoSen. pertinax; pervicax Cic.

I. Oblique, Cic. ; transverse, Vitr. III. Praepostere ; perperam ; absurde ; Cic. Infeliciter ; calamitose ; incommode ; intempestive ; alieno

CROSSLY, ad.
II.

tempore Cic. CROSSNESS, s.


;

Morositas, Cic.

tetricitas,

Ov.

in-

temperies, Cic.

Feritas ; immanitas ; crusaevitia ; Cic To treat with ; in crudelitatem aliquo adhibere, or in aliquem cruelty ; The cruelty of fortune ; fati inclemen exercere, Cic. To do an act of cruelty ; inhumane facere, tia, Virg. Cic. To satisfy one's cruelty ; crudelitatem explore ; inimicitias explere et odium satiare, Cic. CRUENTATE. a. Cruentus, Cic. ; cruentatus, Ov. ; cruore respersus, Liv. ; sanguine infectus, Hor., or
s.

CRUELNESS or CRUELTY,
;

delitas

inlmmanitas

se demittere ; To crouch behind a hedge ; occultarc se latebris ; Cic. post sepem latere ; latendi causa ad terrain se apprimere ; Plin. To crouch at another's feet ; ad pedes alterius II. Fig. Se demittere; se deprise provolvere, Cic. mere; se abjicere ; ad imas preces descendere ; Cic. I. A kind of bird; cornix, Cic.; dim., CROW. s. i. e. to dispute on a To pluck a crow, cornicula, Hor To frivolous pretence ; rixari de lana caprina, Hor II. Phaedr. causam a inferre, jurgii quarrel; pick An iron instrument; vectis, Vitr. I. To make the noise which a cock To CROW. v. n. II. To boast; se jactare, or efferre, makes; canare. Cic. To crow over any one ; alicui insultare, Cic. I. A confused assembly; turba ; multiCROWD, s. A crowd of wittudo ; frequentia ; concursus ; Cic. The agitation of a nesses ; testium catervae, Cic. throw one's To Plin. self into the crowd; aestuatio, To strugcrowd ; in mediam turbam se conjicere, Cic in Hor. To disperse luctari a crowd with turba, ; gle the crowd; summovere turbam, Liv. ; vulgus arcere, To rise above the crowd; Hor. II. Fig. Vulgus, Cic. a vulgo, or a populo, se secernere, Hor., or emergere, A cr owd of employIII. (Of inanimate objects.) Plin. A crowd of ments ; occupationum concursus, Cic. cares ; curarum nubes, Ov. a. To CROWD. Implere: replere ; Cic.; opplere, Liv. To crowd all sail; plenis velis navigare, pervehi, Cic. ; pandere tola vela, Curt.
.

A whim ; libido animi impetus, Cic. I. To stoop down ; To CROUCH. v. a.


;

CROSS-WAY, s. Via transversa, Cic. ; trames, Varr. CROTCH, s. Hamus, Hor. ; dim., hamulus, Cels. II. I. (In music) CROTCHET, s. modulus, Plin.
;

imbutus, Cic.
Guttus, Hor. ; urceolus, Col. (For oil) ; (For vinegar) ; acetabulum, Quint. I. A small cup; pocillum, Cato; nonula, Cic.; urceolus, Col (Of clay) ; urceus, Hor. ; II. A voyage in search of plunder ; urna fictilis. navigatio ; portus aut litora obsidendi ratio. To CRUISE, v. a. Hostium portus aut litorum flexus obsidere, Cic (As a pirate) ; mare infestum habere,

CRUET,

s.

vas olearium.

CRUISE,

s.

Cic.

Navis praedatoria, Liv s. Captain of a dux navis litorum flexus obsidentis. or CRUMB, s. The soft part of bread ; panis A crumb ; mica Crumbs which fall pars mollior. To pick up one's from the table ; analecta, Mart crumbs; convalescere ; ex mprbo recreari, or evadere ; sanitatem recuperare ; ad sanitatem redire ; vires revocare ; Cic. To CRUM or CRUMBLE, v. a. Panem friare, or interere, Varr. ; in micas frangere, or comminucre To cover with crum ; pane friato carnem assam conspergere. To CRUMBLE, v. n. Corruere, Cic. CRUMMY, a. Tener, Cic.; mollis. Plin.: tenellus,
CRUISER,
;

cruiser

CRUM

Varr.

CRUMP,

a.

i.
;

e.

Crook-shouldered; gibous, Cels.


;

gib-

berosus, Suet.

incurvus, Ter.

humeris incurvus, Plia.


;

To CROWD, v. n. Aggregare se, Cses. CROWDER. s. i. e. A player on the violin;


CROWFOOT,
s.
I.

CRUMPET. *. Crustulum, Hor. To CRUMPLE, v. a. Corrugare in sinus, or rugas, To crumple linen ; lintca rugare, Plaut. contrahere. CRUMPLING, s. A small degenerate apple; malum corrugatum, or rugosum, Cic. CRUPPER, s. Postilena, Plaut. CRUSH, s. Act of crushing ; attritus; tritus Plin.; conflictio Cic A crowd; collisus, us tritura, Col.
; ; ; ;

fidicen,
II.

concursus, Plin.
I. To squeeze ; premere, or presv. a. To crush grapes ; uvas ; comprimere, Cic II. To press with violence; premere, Vitr. elidere, Virg. contundere, Cic. atterere ; obterere, Cic. ;

To CRUSH,

A caltrop; murex,
Plin. ornament of the
;

Curt.

A plant; A A

sare, Virg.

head ; corona. I. An II. ; corolla, Propert. ; diadema, Cic. garland ; corona florea, Plaut. ; sertum, Tibull. ; serta, orum, n. pi., Cic. ; strophia, orum, n. pi., Virg. III. A reward ; praemium; preflorida corolla, Cato. IV. Regal power ; impetium merces, edis, f., Cic. V. The top of the head ; rium, Liv.; regnum, Cic. VI. The top of any thing ; ververtex, icis, m., Cic. m. Cic icis, ; tex, icis, m. (Of a mountain) apex, montis vertex, Cic., cacumen, Hor., culmen, Caes.,

ranunculus; tribulus

prelo

CROWN, s. small crown

illidere

confringere

comminuere ; conterere.
;

III.

To

juicuin, Virg.,

supercilium, Liv., fastigium, Curt. VIII. A piece of VII. Part of a hat; forma, Hor. money ; nummus, Cic. A gold crown ; aureus (silver) ; A new crown ; nummus asper, Suet. argenteus. IX. Honour; honorum culmen, or fastigium.
:

Plin. ; Coll.; deturbare ; disturbare ; demoliri diruere ; dejicere ; Cic. IV. To crush To depress ; opprimere ; obruere ; obtundere an innocent man ; premere immerentem, Plin To crush a conspiracy ; conjurationem exstinguere, Cic. To CRUSH, v. n. Densari; condensari; Varr. The crust of a loaf ; panis CRUST, s. Crusta, Plin. frustum crustosius Kissing-crust ; pars panis nuda Crust of a wound; scabnties, Col. crusta, or cortice To CRUST, v. a. Crustare, Plin. ; incrustare, Varr. ; rei crustam inducere, Vitr. ; rem crusta operire, Plin. To CRUST, v. n. Crustari ; crusta operiri. CRUSTACEOUS. a. Crusta munitus, or tectus ; crusta-

beat

down; demittere; deprimere;

To CROWN,
;

alicui coronam

king

(A victor) ; coronam insigni regio evincire, Tac. vtctori imponere, Cic. ( With laurel) ; victorem laurea
donare, Tac. ( With flowers) ; aliquem sertis redimire; sertis innectere tempora, Ov. To finish ; absolvere, Cic (At draughts) ; scrupum geminare. CROWN-SCAB, s. i. e. A disease in horses ; porrigo,
Cels.

v. a. Coronare, Plin. ; corona redimere ; To crown a ad caput accommodare, Cie.

tus

crustosus, Plin.

CRUSTILY, ad. CRUSTINESS, s.

Morose.
i.

CRUSTY,

a.

I.

e. Peevishness ; morositas, Cic. Covered with crust; crustosus, Plin.


II.

crusta opertus, or tectus. rosus ; austerus ; Cic.

Morose

; dillicilis

mo-

To

CRUCIATE,

v. a.

Torquere, cruciare
s.

excruciare;
metallis

cructatu afficere, Cic. CRUCIBLE or CRUSET.

Vasculum liquandis

A crutched man ; vetulus baculo rostrato utens. To CRY. v. n. Clamare ; clamores edere, tollere To cry for sorrow ; Here ; lacrymari, Cic. lacrymare, Ov. To cry one's eyes out ; in lacrymas effundi, Tac. ;
se.
;

CRUTCH, s. Baculum superne rostratum. To CRUTCH, v. n. Baculo superne rostrato sustinere

idoneum. CRUCIFEROUS,
CRUCIFIX,
s.

a.

Crucifer.

The image of our Saviour on the cross ;


s.

Christi e cruce pendentis imago.

CRUCIFIXION,

To CRUCIFY, v. a. Aliquem in crucem tollere, or agere, Cic. ; cruci affigere, Liv., suffigere, Veil. ; cruce afficere, Cic.
CRUDE, a. I. Raw ; crudus. II. Not changed III. Unripe; acerby any preparation; crudus. bus asper immitis Plin. [V. Not digested in the stomitrh ; crudur-, Cic. V. Unfinished, informis ; rudis, Ov. ; imperfectus, Cic. VI. Having imperfect
; ; ;

De

cruce suspendium.

viitiims

indoctus. CRUDELY, ad. Rigide


;

dure

To CRY OUT. v. n. I. To scream ; exclamare, Plaut. ; vociferari ; voce contendere ; Cic. ; ejulare. 1 1. To complain loudly ; gemere ; queri ; Cic. ; gemitus edere, Ov. ; de aiiquo queri, conqueri, or querimoniam habere, Cic. III. To blame ; damnure ; condemnare ; arguere ; culIV. pare ; improbare ; reprehendere ; vituperare ; Cic. To declare loudly ; denuntiare ; profiteri promulgare. V. To call for help ; subsidium inclamare, Cic. To CRY. v. a. To proclaim publicly ; evulgare; proTo mulgare ; denuntiare ; renuntiare ; declarare, Cic. To cry mercy , cry fire ; clamare aquam, Propert. veniam poscere, Cic. To cry quittance; par pari reTo cry for safe, e. g. figs ; iicus clamitare, ferre, Ter
;

effuse lacrymari.

Cic.

Cic.

19

CRY
To CRY DOWN.
v. a.
; ;

CULTIVATION
tueri, Cic.
;

btimatlonem violare int'amia notare ; Cic.

To depreciate ; alicujus exinfamiam alicui inferre aliquem


I.

cultivate the cujus gratiam fovere, Tac.


.

To

good graces of a

man ;

ali-

alicui

derogare, abrogare, Cic., alicujus imminuere, Cic. interdicere ; prohibere.

fidem minuere, infirmare, adimere, Ov. ; auctoritatem


II.

III.

To prohibit ; rei usum To overbear ; aliquem


;

CULTIVATION. Cultus, us, m. ; cultura, a?, f. ; cultio, The cultivation of letters; bonarum artium onis, f., Cic
studia, Cic.

deprimere, Cic. To CRY UNTO. v. n. aliquem inclamare, Ov.

Invocare

implorare

Cic.

To CRY
;

UP. v. n.
; ;

efferre

praedicare

To praise ; dilaudare ; laudibus honorincemultadealiquopraedicare;

CULTIVATOR, s. Terrae cultor, Cic. ; agricola,. *e, m. ; i, m., Virg. ; agrorum cultor, Liv. CULVER, s. A bird; colomba, x, f., Cic. ; columbus, i, m., Col.- A wood-culver; palumbes, Plin.; palumbus, i. or, palumba, & ; Mart. CULVERIN. s. A piece of ordnance ; tormentum a cocolonus,
;

laudibus ornare, Cic. ; cumulare, Hor. CRY. s. Clamor ; lamentatio ; lamentum ; ejulatio ; ejulatus ; Cic. Cry of an infant; vagitus, us, m., Virg Cry of joy; jubila, orum, pi. n., Sil. Ital.; clamo Cr\ War cry ; clamor militaris, Cic festus, Plin of hounds ; latratus Cry, i. e. a proclamation of sale promulgatio; denuntiatio; praeconium. CRYSTAL, s. Crystallus, i, f., Propert. ; crystallum, i, n I. Consisting of crystal CRYSTAL or CRYSTALLINE, a. II. Clear, transparent ; crystallinus crystallinus, Mart. Juv. ; perlucidus, Cic. ; translucens ; translucidus ; Plin Crystal streams ; perlucidi amnium liquores, Cic.
collaudare

lubro dictum.

To CUMBER, v. a. Impedire ; obstruere; alicui incommodare, or esse incommode, Cic. ; turbare, Curt. ; dUtbcbare, Cic.
* v' A* * Impedimentum, Cic. ; impeditio, Vitr. CUMBERSOME or CUMBROUS, a. Gravis ; incommodus

CUMBER,
operosus
;

s.

molestus, Cic.

CUMBERSOMELY. ad. Incommode, Cic. CUMBERSOMENESS or CuMBRANCE. s. Impeditio ; impedimentum, Cic. obstructio ; incommodum, Cic. mo; ;

festia.

CUMIN,
vare
;

s.

The crystalline humour ; humor

crystallinus.

To CUMULATE,
construere

A plant ; cuminum,
v. a.
;

i,

n.,

Hor.

To

CRYSTALLIZE,

v. a.

In crystallum cogere, redigere

Cic.

CUNCTATION.
retardatio
;

s.

ursulus, catulus,

To CRYSTALLIZE, v. n. In crystallum corporari, Solin CUB. s. I. (Of a bear) j ursae catulus, i, m., Ov. II. (Of afor) ; vulpecula, se, f., Cic. ; vulpi i, m. III. (Of a whale) ; balaenae vitulus, Plin i, m. To CUB. v. a. Parere ; fetum ponere, deponere, Phaedr CUBE, s Cubus, i, m., Vitr. ; quadrantal, alis, n. Aul. Cell. CUBIC or CUBICAL, a Cubicus, Vitr. ; ex omni parte

Accumulare ; congerere ; coacercumulare ; Cic. ; acervare, Plin. Mora, ae, f. ; cunctatio, onis, f., Cic. ;
;

CUNNING,
Cic.;

dilatio ; procrastinatio, Cic. I. Knowing ; navus ; solers a.

subtilis

quadratus, Cic. CUBIT. *. Cubitus, i, m., Vitr. ; cubita, orum, n. pi Liv. ; sesquipes, Col. CUBITAL, a. Sesquipedalis ; sesquipedaneus ; cubitalis
Plin.

II. Crafty; dexter, Liv.; peritus ; sciens. callidus ; dolosus ; astutus, Cic. ; versutus ingenii, Plin.; subdolus ; veteratorius, Cic. ; ad fraudem acutus, Nep. A cunning man ; vates ; hariolus, Cic. ; divinus, Mart. A cunning woman ; hariola, Plaut. ; vates, Cic. ; anus, or mulier, fatidica. CUNNING, s. I. Art, skill; ars ; solertia ; industria, Cic. ; scientia; prudentia; dexteritas, Cic. II. Artifice ; fraus ; dolus ; artificium ; fallacia ; calliditas ; as-

tutia

astus, Cic.

CUCKOO,
.

s.

Cuculus,
s.

CUCUMBER,

CUCURBITE. s. To chew the cud ; rumiCUD. *. Ruma rumen. Fig., i. e nare, Ov. ; Col.; Virg.; remandere, Plin To meditate on ; rem animo retractare, Cic. ; recogitare
;

m., Hor. Cucumis, eris, m., Plin. ; Varr. Cucurbita, ae, f.; ampulla cornuta.
i,

I. Skilfully ; solerter ; Industrie ; CUNNINGLY, ad. prudenter, Cic. ; dextere, Liv. ; callide ; scienter ; perite; Cic. II. Craftily; callide, Cic. ; fraudulenter, Plin. ; dolose ; astute ; per fraudem, Cic. ; per dolos, Plaut.

Col.; concoquere, Sen.

CUDGEL,
Liv.
;

s.

Baculum, Cic.
a.

baculus,

Ov.

scipio
:

Bacillo aliquem casdere, Cic. alicui fustem impingere, Cic. ; fuste percutere, Veil. Hor. (lumbos) dolare, I. A hint; signum, i, n. ; consilium, ii, n., CUE. s.
;

To CUDGEL,

fustis, Cic. v.

Tac.
is, f.,

rare,

II. Temper of mind ; ingenium, ii, n. ; indoles, Cic. ; mores. To put in a good cue; aliquem hilaCic. To give one his cue ; praemonstrare quid

qnis fabuletur, Plaut


Cic.

(To a witness)
blow;
II.

testem adornare,

CUFF.

s.

I.

ictus,

us,

m.

colaphus, Ter. ; Juv. ae, Plaut. ; manica, Cic.


venire, Cic.

End of a
f.

plaga, Cic.

sleeve ;

manulea,

To go to fisty cuffs ; in contentionem certamenque, or ad manus atque ad pugnam

To CUP. n. a. Cucurbitulas admovere, or adhibere, Cels. CUPBEARER, s. Pincerna, ae, m., Asc. Ped. ; qui pocula ministrat, Cic. ; qui stat ad cyathos, Stat. ; a cyathis minister, Mart. CUPBOARD, s. Armarium, ii, n., Juv. ; abacus, i, m. ; cilibantum, Varr. To CUPBOAHD. v. a. In unum locum colligere, congerere, or contrahere ; cumulare ; coacervare. CUPIDITY, s. Cupiditas, f., Cic. ; cupido immoderata ;
.ppetitio, Cic.
;

cup; pocillum, Cic.; caliculus, Plin. At every cup; ad Cup of a flower; calix, Plin. To take a chirping singulos haustus ; quoties bibit One in his cups ; cup ; exiguis haustibus bibere, Ov temulentus, Ter. ; vinolentus ; bene potus, Cic. * potuOne who loves a cup ; bibulus, Hor. ; lentus, Suet Over bibax, Cell.; potor acer, Hor., nobilis, Mart our cups ; inter vinum, Curt.
little

CUP. Virg. ; Mart.

s.

Poculum,
;

i,

n.

; ;

Cic.

Cic.

culullus,

Hor.

crater, eris, m., ; calix, Cic. ; cyathus,

To

Hand-cujfs
v. a.
;

manicae,

pi.,

Virg.
Plaut., or

libido.

CUFF.

Alicui

pugnum impmgere,

CUPOLA,
i,m., Vitr.

s.

Concameratum
*.

aedis

fastigium
ae,
f.,

tholus,
;

incutere, Juv.

CUFF. v. n. Certare pugnis, Cic. CUIRASS, s. Lorica, Caas. ; thorax, acis, m., Plin. To arm with a cuirass ; loricare. To forge a cuirass ; loricam e ferro succudere, Varr. CUIRASSIER, s. Eques loricatus, thoracatus, Plin. CUISH. s. Armour for the thigh ; femoris tegmentum ferreum. CULINARY, a. Coquinarius, Plin. Culinary utensils ; vasa coquinaria, Plin. The culinary art; ars

To

aliquem compressa palma

ferire, Plaut.

CUPPING-GLASS.

Cucurbitula,

Cels,

medi-

cinalis cucurbita, Plin. CUR. s. Canis ; catellus ; catulus ; Plaut. ; Cic. CURABLE, a. Sanabilis, Cic. ; medicahilis, Ov.

qui

To CULL. v. a. To select ; legere ; eligere ; deligere ; To cull a fine thought seligere ; delectum habere, Cic. out of a book; ex libro excerpere, Ter.; excellentissima libare ex variis ingeniis, Cic To cull simples ; medicas herbas perquirere. CULM. s. i. e. A stalk ; (of corn) ; culmus, Cic. ; calamus, Virg. (of a flower) ; caulis, Plin.
:

coquinaria.

CULPABLE, a.

Nocens

sons

accusabilis

vitupe-

rabilis; Cic.; reprehensione dignus culpa teneri, Cic.

To be culpable;
Noxa,
ae, f.,

CULPABLENESS or CULPABILITY,

s.

Cic.

or peccati, conscientia, Cic. CULPABLY, ad. Use the adjectives or substantives ; magna reprehensione, &c. ; (vituperabiliter, Cassiod.). To speak CULPRIT, s. Reus, i, m. ; rea, ae, f., Cic in favour of a culprit ; ab reo dicere ; reum tutari ; Tac. The state of being a culprit ; reatus, us, m.. Quint.
delicti,

admittit curationem, Cels. ; qui curationem recipit, Cic. CURACY, s. Vicarii munus, Cic. CURATE, s. Vicarius, ii, m., Cic. CURATOR, s. Curator, oris, m., Hor. 1. (Of a bridle) ; freni catenula ; frenum, CURB. s. II. Restraint; frenum, Hor. ; n. sing., m. in pi. , coercitio, Suet. ; habena, Cic. I. To hold in with a curb; To CURB. v. a. equo renos adhibere, or injicere, Cic. ; frenos inhibere, Liv. ; II. To restrain; ircto freno compescere, Tibull. renos adhibere, Cic. ; continere ; cohibere ; coercere ; efrenare ; reprimere ; compescere ; comprimere, Cic. To CURD or CURDLE, v. a. Coagulare, Plin lac in duritiem cogere, densare, Plin. ; con, Milk) ; lensare ; spissare ; conspissare, Col. To CURD or CURDLE, v n. Concrescere, Virg. ; in lensitatem coire, Plin. ; densari ; condensari, Col. When the milk begins to curd; in prima lactis coaguatione, Plin. CURDS. *. Coacti lactis massa, Ov. ; lactis coagulati Curd-cakes or massula, Col. ; concretum lac, Virg cheese-cakes ; triquetra caseo ovis et butyro placenta.
.

CULTIVATE, v. a. Agrum colere agris culturam To cultivate the vine ; vitem colere, Cic. Fig., To cultivate arts and sciences ; studia et artes exTo cultivate one's mind ; doctrina animum colere, Cic excolerc; ingenium bonis artibus et studiis expolire ;
;

To

pissatus

adhibere, Cic.

Coactus ; condensatus ; conor CURDLED, a. concretus ; coagulatus, Plin. I. Act of curing; sanatio, Cic.; morbi II. Remedy ; remedium, Plin.; medi uratio, Cels.
;

CURDY
CURE.

s.

amentum medicamen, f souls ; cura.


;

Cic.

levamen.

III.

Charge
;

Cic.

To

cultivate friendship ; amicitias colere, Plaut.

To CURE.

v. a.

Sanare

sanum

facere, Cic.

sani-

CURELESS
alicui restituere, or reddere, Plin. ; aegroto mederi morbum depellere, or tollere, Cels., adimere, Ter. To curt medicinam afferre, Cic. ; remedia adhibere fish or meat to preserve it; carnes in sale asservare Plin. ; sale obruere ; muria condire, Col. ; sallere, Sail,

CURSITOR
CURSITOR.
Quint.
s.

tatem

Pragmaticus,

i,

m., Cic.

formularius.

salire, Cels.

CURELESS, a. See INCURABLE. CURER. s. Medicus, Cic.


CURIOSITY,
s.

Curiositas

dium
Cic

Cugreat curiosity; res rara et singularis riosities ; rerum pretiosissima, Front. CURIOUS, a. I. Inquisitive ; in re aliena curiosus, or II. Eager to percuriosus, Cic. ; percontator, Hor. learn ; discendi cupidus ; in perspicienda rerum natura III. Skilled in ; rei intelligens, Cic. cupidus, Cic. or studiosus, Ov. IV. Exact; accuratus ; subtilis V. With extreme or (of things) ; curaelaboratus, Cic. fastidious nicety ; exquisitus ; elegans ; limatus ; politus. VI. Worthy of being seen ; visendus, Plin. ; VII. Strange, wonexquisitus ; rarus ; singularis. derful ; mirabilis ; admirandus ; mirificus ; mirus, Cic.
1. Inquisitively ; curiose, Cic. CURIOUSLY, ad. Elegantly ; exquisite ; eleganter venuste concinne. III. Exactly; studiose, Cic.; magno studio; accuIV. mirabili opere, Cic. sedulo. rate diligenter With extreme or fastidious nicety ; delicate ; molliter, nimia subtilitate, Sen. Cic. To CURL. v. a. I. To dress with curls; calamistro

rerum reconditarum diligentissima

stuyidendi, or discendi,
investigatio,

Leviter ; breviter ; strictim ; indiligenter ; negligenter ; Cic. ; remisse, Sail. ; (perfunctorie, Ulp.); temere; inconsiderate; festinanter; propere; Cic. ; properanter, Lucr. CURSORY, a. Properatus, Ov. ; <*pproperatus, Liv A cursory view ; inchoata cognitio, Cic. To CURTAIL, v. a. Detrahere ; immlnuere ; desecare ; resecare ; recidere ; Cic.

CURSORILY, ad.

II.

To CURTAIN, v. a. Velo, or aulao, cingere, or circumdare. CURVATED. a. Curvatus ; incurvatus ; incurvus j Cic. CURVATION. s. Inflexio, Cic. curvatio, Col. CURVATURE or CURVATION. s. Flexura, Vitr. ; curvamen, Ov. ; curvatio, Vitr. incurvatio, Plin. Curvature of a wheel ; rotae curvatura. (Of a sickle); falcis
; ;

aulaea peripetasma, Cic. ; tapes, Virg Linen curtain ; tela linea Curtain of a theatre ; aulaeum ; siparium ; Juv (In fortification) , aggeris inter duo propugnacula frons To draw a curtain over any thing; velum rei obducere, or obtendere, Cic. A curtain lecture; reprehensio, Cic. ; censura, Juv.

CURTAIN, s. Velum ductile; siparium, Cic. (Of a bed); supparium, Juv. Curtain or hangings of a room;

sinus, Col. CURVE, a.

inurere, Cic. ; capillum crispare, Plin. ; ferro II. To twist; crines vibrare, Virg., torquere, Ov. To curl torquere, Cic. ; convolvere ; involvere, Plin. the waves ; aquam crispare. To CURL. v. n. I. To fall into ringlets ; crispari. II. To twist itself ; convolvere, Virg. ; circumplicare, Cic. ; implicare ; involvere ; circumvolvere ; circumplexu ambire, Plin. CURL. s. I. A ringlet of hair ; coma calamistrata, Cic Curls, pi. ; cinni, Plaut. ; concinni, Cic. ; cirri intorti One with his hair curled ; cincinnatus, capilli ; Mart. II. Undulation; tremula agitatio. Cic. CURLEW, s. A water-fowl ; clorius ; crex ; corlinus ; corlivus. CURMUDGEON. 5. Vir jurgiosus, Cic., rixosus, Col., or sordidus, tenax, parcissimus, Cic., praeparcus, Plin. CURRANT, s. I. A tree ; grossularia, SB, f. II. Its fruit; grossularia? acinus, i, m.

comam

Curvus. See CURVATED. CURVE, s. Curvatio ; flexura Vitr. To CURVE, v. a. Curvare; incurvare ; inflectere; Caes. To CURVET, v. n. Salire. CURVET, s. Saltus, us, m. ; crurum ex arte glome;

ratio.

CURVILINEAR, a. Curvus ; lineis curvis. CUSHION, s. Pulvinus, i, m., Cic.; pulvillus, Hor.;
pulvinar, Juv.

CUSHIONED, a. Pulvinis instructus. CUSP. s. Lunae crescentis cornua, Cic.

CUSPATED or CUSPIDATED, a. Acutus exacutus cuspidatus acuminatus mucionatus; Plin. CUSTARD, s. Scriblita lactea. CUSTODY, s. I. Imprisonment ; custodia career ; vincula in custodia inclusio Cic To take into custody; To be in custody ; esse aliquem in carcerem ducere.
;

in vinculis, Cic. II. Charge ; custodia ; conservatio ; tutela. To give into one's custody ; rem alicui credere, or alterius fidei committere, Cic. III. Defence ; tutela, presidium ; tuitio ; Cic.
I. Habit; consuetude; mos CUSTOM, s. usus, Cic. ; According to custom ; de more, Virg. ; ex more, Hor To follow the custom ; morem servare. The customs of a country ; mores et instituta civilia. II. Practice of buying of certain persons ; emendi ab aliquo mercatore consuetudo A great custom; He has a good custom; hujus emptorum frequentia.
;

CURRENCY,
Cic.
;

s.

I.

Fluency

praeceps dicendi celeritas ; linguae mobilitas, Cic. Uninterrupted course ; continuatio; series ; perpetuus rerum ordo. Currency, or current coin; moneta quae est in usu. I. Generally received ; acceptus ; exCURRENT, a.
II.

yerborum

yolubilitas,

assuetudo, Liv

A current opinion; publice recepta persuasio, ceptus. II, General ; vulgatus; vulgaris; pervagatus; Quint. III. That maybe Cic.; generalis; universus, Cic. allowed; auctoritate firmatus, probatus, Cic. ; sancitus.
; ,

taberna ementium frequentia celebratur, Cic. Tax paid for imports and exports ; portorium, Cic.

III.

CUSTOMABLE,
Virg.

a.

Consuetus

usitatus

Cic.

solitus,

CURRENT, s. Running stream ; aqua fluens, manans, or profluens, Col. Quint. vis fluminis. To go with the To go current; secundo amne, or flumine, ferri, Virg against the current ; adverse flumine navigare. CURRENTLY, ad. Expedite haud cunctanter ; Cic. ; // is currently believed; receptum generaliter universe. It is currently est; in confesso est; res confessa est Cic res pervagata et vulgaris est ; reported; fama nuntiat
; ; ; ;

CUSTOMABLY.
solet
;

ad.
;

ut

fieri solet

Ut mos est ; ut assolet ; Liv. ; ut ut est, or ut fert, consuetudo ; Cic.

omnium sermone
CURRICLE,
SB, f. s.

percrebescit

Cic.
;

CUSTOMARILY, ad. Ex consuetudine ; ut plurimum ; vulgo ; plerumque ; Cic. I. Conformable to established cusCUSTOMARY, a. tom; cujus promiscue patet usus, Plin. usitatus, Cic. ; usu receptus, Cic. II. Habitual; quod in morem III. Usual; consuetus ; solitus ; Virg. ; venit, Ov.
;

Currus gemina rota instructus


Coriarius, Plin.

biga,

usitatus, Cic.
solet.

Ferus;durus; morosus; rixosus; difScilis ; Cic. ; malignus ; asper, Cic. CURRY, v. a. I. To dress leather ; corium subigere, II. To beat; Vitr.; concinnare et perficere, Plin. I will curry you ; verberare; credere; ferire percutere III. To rub a egregie te depexum reddam, Ter. horse with a currycomb i equum strigili defricare, or IV To curry favour with one ; alicujus distringere.
;

CURRIER, CURRISH,

s.

a.

see

CUSTOMER, s. Qui, qua?, ab aliquo mercatore emere To help to customers ; tabernam commendare ; CUSTOM, II. CUSTOM-HOUSE, s. Portorium, ii, n., Cic. A custom-

house officer ; portitor, Plaut.

To CUT.
;

v. a.

I.
;

To divide with a sharp edge


praecidere
;

resecare
III,

amputare
cutting ;

To hew ; caedere abscindere; Liv. IV. To form by To carve; sculpere, Ov.


;

caedere Cic.

abscindere
;

; secare incidere

;
;

II.

gratiam fovere ; gratiam aucupari ; Cic.; insinuare se ad, or in, alicujus amicitiam, Plaut., consuetudinem, Cic.

CURRY-COMB. 5. Strigilis, is, f., Cic. CURSE, v.a. To wish evil to; exsecrari, Cic.; alicui male, or mala, precari, Cic. ; diras precari, Tac. ; diris devovere ; dira exsecratione prosequi ; Liv. CURSE, v. n. In verba hnpia dicere ; in

To To

Deum

Deum

ora solvere, Tibull. ; divinum numen obtrectare, impias in Deum voces jactare ; impiis verborum telis Deum lacessere ; dira sibi imprecari, Cic. CURSE, s. I. An imprecation; exsecratio, Cic.; II. imprecatio, Sen. ; dira?, Ov. ; deprecatio, Plin. A cause of mischief ; pestis ; exitium ; pernicies Cic, CCRSED. a. Diris devotus ; malus ; improbus ; scelestus sceleratus ; nefarius ; exsecrandus ; detestabilis ; exsecrabilis ; infandus ; Cic A cursed land; terra neVal. Max.
; ; ;

V. secando, or caedendo, formare, flngere. efforare ; Col.; perforare, Plin.; ; VI. To divide ; incidere; pungere. mcks of cards ; folia lusoria dividere. VII. To inersect ; praecidere ; intercidere. VIII. To cut tothe To cut small; rem in heart; cor findere, Plaut minutas partes, Lucr., minutatim, Catull., concidere. To cut corn ; fruges metere ; demetere, Cic. ; frumenta succidere, Caes. To cut hair ; capillum tondere. To cut vines ; vitem castrare, Cato To cut a figure n the world; egregium decus tenere, Cic. ; nomen et lecus gerere, Virg To cut a sorry figure; nullo loco ac numero esse, Cic. To CUT AWAY. v. a. Resecare ; desecare ; recidere ; abscindere ; Cic. ; detrahere ; imminuere.

To pierce; forare
ransforare, Sen.

To CUT DOWN.
deturbare
II.
;

fasta, Liv.

CURSEDLY, ad.
CURSHIP.
s.

Pessime
;

abominandum
;

in

modum

To excel; superare
;

I. To fell ; caedere v.a. praecidere ; disturbare ; ad terram affligere ; dejicere ; Cic. ; exsuperare; antecellere ;
;

Feritas

immanitas

Cic.

vilitas.

To CUT OFF. v.a. abscindere : exsecare.

praestare

Cic.
I.
(

To separate by cutting; desecare; The head) caput praecidere, Cic.,

81

CUT
II. To or obtruncare, Liv., abscindere, Cic. destroy ; funditus tollere ; delere ; Cic. ; exterminare, Col.; exscmdere, Virg. ; exstirpare ; radicitus tollere ; stirpitus evelIII. To rescind; resecare ; detrahere ; imlere, Cic. IV. To intercept ; intercludere ; przecludere. minuere. To cut offa retreat ; fugam tollere, Caes, : (an advance) ;

ClfcflET
CYGNET, s. Cycnus, i, m., Cic. ; olor, Plin. CYLINDER. *. Cylindrus, i, m., Virg. CYLINDRIC or CYLINDRICAL, a. Cylindraceus, Plin. CYMBAL, s. A musical instrument ; cymbalum, i, n., Cic To play on the cymbals ; cymbala quatere, or
pulsare.

alicui praecurrere (provisions) ; To tercludere (a bridge) ; pontera interscindere, Cic. cut off the approach ; omnes ad locum aditus alicui inV. short To cut Cic, ; prascidere. tercludere, off To obviate; praevertere, Caes.; Cic.; antevertere, Ter. ; VI. To take away ; auferre ; tollere ; occurrere, Cic. VII. araovere ; removere ; adimere. Topreclude ; pri1 1 1. To sivare ; orbare ; denudare ; destituere ; Cic. lence ; interpellare ; interrumpere ; Cic. ; intercipere, IX. To abbreQuint. ; silentium imperare, Plin. viate ; contrahere, Cic. ; breviare, Quint. ; decurtare, To cut off To cut off a limb ; amputare. Plin. X. To cut off with a shilling; haereditate excludere, Cic. ecclesiae ab the church ; segregare corpore ; aliquera from
: :

hostem commeatu

in-

CYNEGETICS.
venatica.

The art of hunting ;

ars venatoria, or

CYNIC,

s.

philosopher of the snarling or currish


;

sort ; cynicus, Cic.

CYNICAL or CYNIC, g. Severus : rigidus asper ; Cic, ; A cynical fellow ; qui mordax, Ov.; satyricus, Plin
CYNOSURE, s. A constellation; Ursa, or Arctos, minor; Cynosura, ae, f., Cic. CYPRESS-TREE, s. Cupressus, i, f., Virg. cupressus, Made of cypress ; cupressinus, Col.; cuus, f., Col A grove of cypress trees ; cupressetum, presseus, Plin
;

frontem perfricuit, Cic.

Mart.

ab

ecclesiae

communione excludere;

alicui sacris inter-

dicere.
I. To shape ; formare; formam OUT. v. a. II. To condescribere ; forma, or formis, expnmere. trive ; excogitare ; invenire ; animo formare, Cic. ; conciIII. To adapt; accommodare ; aptare ; pere, Quint. IV. To debar ; Cic. Cut out for ; aptus ; idoneus ad. V. To outdo ; privare ; destituere'; praecludere ; Cic.

To CUT

D.
To DAB.
v. a.

DAB. s. I. A small lump ; particula ; segmen seg. II. A blow mentum, Plin. frustum fragmentum, Cic.
; ; ;

Aspergere

impingere.

superare

; ;

exsuperare
praacellere
;

periorem

antecellere Cic.
I.

praestare

esse su; ;

To CUT SHORT,
;

v. a.
;

To abridge ; contrahere, Cic.


;

in breve cogere, Hor.

coarctare, Cic.

breviare, Quint.
;

with something soft or moist ; aspersio ; respersus ; Cic. ; III. Something moist thrown upon one ; luti, alapa. or aquae lutulentae, aspersio, Cic. ; lutum injectum. IV. A kind of small flat fish ; rhombus, i, m., Juv. V. (In low language) ; A man expert at something ; homo
habilis, sciens, peritus
;

II. To hinder from diminuere imminuere. proceeding by sudden interruptions ; cohibere inhibere

minuere

artis

antistes

Cic.

moram

injicere absolvam, Sail.

To cut short

this discourse ; ut paucis

cento

To

To CUT UP. v. a. I. To carve; minute concidere.Cic. ; To in frusta secare, Varr. ; obsonium scindere, Sen cut up a dead body ; corpora mortuorum incidere, Cels. II. To eradicate ; penitus exscindere, Hor. ; stirpitu* exigere, Cic. ; exstirpare ; evertere ; evellere. I. To make its way by dividing obTo CUT. v. n. or a. structions (as a tooth) ; oriri, Ov. : or, nascere, Cels. II. To perform the operationof lithotomy ; caldulum per sectionem eximere, Cels. III. (As a horse) } calces calcibus illidere. CUT. s. I. The separation of continuity by a sharp instrument; incisio, Col.; sectura; concissura; Plin. ; art ; canalis, is, l made by art; II. A channel insectura, Sen. 1 1 1 Af III. A part cut off.from m., Col. ; fistula ; fossa, Plin. the rest ; segmen ; segmentum ; particula; pars, Cic
.

pi.), Mean linen or woollen clotlis ; panniculus lacer, Caes. ; vestis dilabida, Plin. DABBLE, v. a. To besprinkle ; inquinare ; conspurca-

artifex peritus,

VI. (In the

re ; maculare ; oblinere ( With mud) ; luto conspurcare, aspergere, oblinere, Cic., coinquinare, Mart. ; coano collinere, Plaut ( The hands with blood) ; sanguine manus
inficere
;

cruentare
v.

;
.

cruore imbuere.
I.

To DABBLE,

To move

in water or

mud ;

in luto vestigiis volutari, Cjc. ; lutum subigere, Col II. To do any (As a duck) ; rostro ccenum agitare .

IV. A small pa um. The cut of a loaf ; panis frustum". partide ; particula, ae, f. ; fragmentum, Cjc. ; recisamentum, Plin. V. A near passage ; via brevior, Cic. ; comVI. A print ; tabula imago scalpro pendiaria, Plin. VII. Stamp on which a picture is excusa, or incisa. VIII. Dividing a pack of cards ; carved; tabula. IX. Fashion, form, foliorum lusoriorum divisio. They are of the shape, manner of cutting ; concisio same cut ; ej usdem farinae sunt, Cic. CUTANEOUS, a. Cuticularis. CUTICLE, s. I. The scarf-skin ; cuticula, Pers. ; II. A thin skin formed on the summa cutis, Curt. surface of any liquor ; pelucula. CUTICULAR. a. Cuticularis. CUTLASS. *. Acinaces, is, m., Hor. ; gladius latior et
;

To dabble thing superficially ; opus praepropere agere. with ; rei se admiscere, Ter. ; rem tractare, Cic. DABBLER, s. I. One who plays in water ; qui lutum II. A A duck; anas, subigit, Col., or agitat. III. A meddler ; ardelio, bungler ; artifex imperitus. onis, m., Phaedr. DACTYL, s. Dactylus, i, m., Cic. DAD or DADDY, s. Papas, or pappas, as, m. To call daddy ; pappare, Pers.
D-EDAL. a. Varius; variatus; multicolor; Cic. DAFFODIL, DAFFODILLY, or DAFFODOWNDILLY. *. Asphodelus, i, m. 5 hastula regia, Plin. ; narcissus, i, m., Virg. To DAFT. v. a. Aspernari ; spernere despicere ; contemnere, Cic. ; repudiare, Ter. ; respuere ; dedignari, Cic. DAG. s. I. A dagger; sica, ae, f. j pugio, f., Cic. ; II. A hand-gun; sicula, Plaut.; pugiunculus, Cic.
;

brevioris

modi

To DAG.
dagger;
Cic

sclopetus.

v. a.

To dag sheep ; oves tondere, Cic. DAGGER, s. Sica, ae, f pugio,


sicula, Plaut.;

Secare; resecarej caedere ; incidere


. A small ; f., Cic. pugiunculus, or pugiunculum, capitali odio inter se

To be at daggers drawn;

brevior.

dissidere, Cic.
;

CUTLER, s. Cultrorum faber. CUTLET, s. Costa. (Of mutton) vervecina (Of pork) porcina ; offula, Mart. ; offella, Col. CUTPURSE. s. Fur ; latrunculus ; zonarius, Plaut. ;
;

A stoneOne who cuts; sector II. A cutting instrument; m. III. A sort of boat ; instrumentum acutum; culter.
CUTTER,
s.
I.

manticularius, Ter.

secarius, Ulp.

cutter; lapicida,

3?,

cymbula, ae, f., Plin. ; linter exiguus, Tibull. navicula, IV, PL, The cutters ; dentes incisores, Cels. Cic. CUT-THROAT, s. Sicarius, ii, m., Hor. ; percussor ; interfector Cic. ; homicida, ae, m., Quint. CUT-THROAT, a. Cruentus ferus ; inhumanus bar; ; ; ;

barus.

CUTTING,

mentum,
talea
;

cut-throat place ; locus caedibus infamis. s. A piece cut off; segmen, Cell. ; recisaPlin.; assula, Plaut.; secamentum, Plin.

Cuttings of

wood;
ae,
f.

schidia,
;

Vitr.
;

taleola,

Col.

Cutting of a vine
;

clavpla

Cutting of a tree clavula ; Varr.

v. a. and n. In luto volutare, or volutari, conspurcare, Col. ; cceno aspergere, or oblinere, luto inficere. DAGGLED-TAIL or DAGGLE-TAIX. a. Cceno oblitus, Cic. ; luto aspersus, Hor. ; lutosus, Plin. DAILY, a. Quotidianus, Cic. DAILY, ad. Quotidie; singulis diebus ; in singulos dies ; Cic. DAINTILY, ad. Delicate; molliter; Cic. I. Delicacy; mollities victus; molDAINTINESS, s. lissimus cultus. II. Nicety; elegantia; munditia ; III. SqueamCic.; mundities, Catull.; concinnitas, Cic. Cic. fastidium, ii, n., 32, f., Hor. fastidia, iskness; ; I. Delicious ; jucundissimus ; delicatus ; DAINTY, a. II. Nice, squeamish; fastidiosus, Cic.; suavissimus. III. Ceremonious; niCic.; fastidii plenus, Plaut. mis sedulus ; justo ofliciosior ; in officiis nimius ; in comi-

To DAGGLE,
; ;

Cic. Cic.

tatem
;

effusior.

sarmentum, Cic.
;

studiosius accersitus

IV. Affectedly fine ; nimis exquisitus ; ; Cic. Dainty bits } escae molliculae,

CUTTING, a. Aculeatus ; acerbus ; mordax ; acutus acer pungens ; contumeliosus Cic. ; satyricus, Plin. I. A fish ; A CUTTLE, s. sepia, ae, f., Cic. foul-mouthed fellow ; calumniator ; maledicus ; obtrec).$.'.

Plaut.

DAINTY,
Dainties Plaut.

s. ;

Esca exquisita; suavissimusicifaus ; Cic. cupedise ; or, cupedia, n. pi., Cic. ; bellaria,
Lactaria
cella,

tator, Cic.

DAIRY,

s.
*.

Varr.
;

CYCLE,
Solaris.

s.

(Of

the

round of time ; cyclus (Of the sun) moon); lunaris (Of a star) ; astri
;

DAISY.

DALE.

s.

Bellis, idis, f., Plin. Vallis, is, f., Cic. ; Virg.


s.
I.

vallecula, Fest.

conversio, Cic., orbis, Curt. CYCLOPJEPIA. s. Encyclics disciplina, Vitr. Irinae orbis, Quint. CYCLOPS, s. Cyclops, opis, m., Virg.

convallis, Virg.

doc-

Interchange of caresses ; acts of II. Delay j fondness ; blanditiae, Cic. ; jocus; nugae. mora ; cunctatio ; dilatio.

DALLIANCE,

DALLY
To DALLY,
v. n,
I.

DANGER
ineptire, Ter.
;

To

trifle ;

ad
in

To DANGER,
DANGEROUS,

v. a.

Aliquem

in discrimen adducere,

II. ineptias abire ; nugas agere ; inepte facere, Cic. fo sport, frolic ; jocari ; nugari ; Cic. ; lascivire, Sen. ; III. To delay; differre; procrastiludere ; lusitare. nare ; morari ; cunctari ; Cic.

periculum vocare, periculis


a.

offerre, Cic.

A He
is

Periculosus, Cic. ; plenus aleae, Hor. dangerous man; homo formidolosus. metuendus,
ad.
ill ;

cavendus, Cic.

Dalmatica, sub. vestis. I. A mother (speaking of beasts) ; mater, II. A mole, or bank to confine Cic. : genitrix, Virg. water moles ; agger ; Cic. ; pulvinus, Vitr. To DAM UP. v. a. To confine by moles ; molem jacere,
s.
,-

DALMATIC, DAM. s.

DANGEROUSLY,

dangerously

Caes.

DAMAGE,
jactura
paratio,
;

s.

Damnum

detrimentum

incommodum

DANGEROUSNESS. s. Periculum discrimen, Cic. To DANGLE, v. n. Pendere ; ultro citroque jactari. To DAP. v. n. Aquam leniter aspergere. DAPPER, a. Acer ; vividus Cic. ; strenuus, Ter.
; ;

Periculose ; cum periculo ; Cic. in periculo mortis est aeger Cels

pernicies, Cic.
s. pi.

DAMAGES,
Cic.

(In law) ; damn! compensatio, or reTo get costs and damages ; litem cum
v. a.

concinnus ; venustus ; elegans Cic. a. Variatus ; variis coloribus, or maculrs, distinctus A dappled-grey horse; equus gilvus, or
alacer
; ;

DAPPLED,

scutulatus.

impensis obtinere.
Laedere ; labefactare ; nocere ; alicui detrimentum importare, or afferre, Cic. ; damno
esse, Plin.

To DAPPLE,
guere, Ov.

v. a.

Variare

To DAMAGE,

variis coloribus distin-

To DARE.

v. n.

num

I. Susceptible of hurt ; quoddama. II. contrahere, Cic., or accipere, Hor., potest. Mischievous; damnosus, Ter.; noxius ; exitiosus ;

DAMAGEABLE,

To DARE. v. a. any thing ; omnia


adire, Cic.
;

Audere. Provocare
periclitari
;

lacessere.

summae

rei

To dare discrimen

exitialis

exitiabilis

Cic.

Corn damaged at Depravatus. part. tea ; corrupturn undis frumentum, Virg. DAMASK, s. Damasceni operis pannus bombycinus. DAMASK, a. In modum panni Damasceni figuris distinctus.

DAMAGED,

a. Impavidus, Liv. ; fortis ; acer erectus; contemptor animosus ; audax ; projectus ad audendum in suscipiendo audax, Cic. ; magnis ausis A daring crime ; facinus audax. promptus, Tac.
;

DARE. s. DARING,

periculum omne subire, Hor.


Provocatio, Cic.
;

periculi

DARINGLY, ad.
animo; Tac.
Cic. Cic.
;

To form flowers upon stuff; II. To variegate ; varilinteum figuris variare, Lucr. are distinguere Cic. III. To adorn steelwork with IV. To figures ; encausto Damascene variare. damask wine, i. e. to take qff' the cold ; tepefacere.
v. a.
I.
; ;

To DAMASK,

impavide, Liv. ; magno animose ; audentius ; Impudently; impudenter; sine verecundia ; contumeliose ; audacter.
I.

Boldly

fortiter;
II.

Cic.; strenue

DAHINGNESS.

s.

Animus
;

fidens
;

animus

auaacia,
;

DARK, a

DAMASK PLUM or DAMSON,


DAME. s.
I.

s.

Prunum Damascenum,
;

Opacus

obscurus

umbrosus

Virg.

Mart.
II.

A woman;
Ter.

A lady ; hera, Ter. domina, Cic. A school-dame; mafemina mulier.


;

tenebrosus, Varr. ; tenebricosus, Cic. ; caliginosus ; nebulosus A dark Fig. ; aenigmate involutus, Cic. lantern ; laterna caeca It grows dark ; nox appetit,

Liv.

gistra,

DARK.
I.

To DAMN.

v. a.

To doom
Cic.
;

to

eternal torment

Cic

seternis

suppliciis addicere,
;

in

aliquem aeternis

To DARKEN,

s. Darkness ; tenebrae, Cic. obscuritas caligo, To keep in the dark about a thing; rem occultare.
; ;

v. a.

Obscurare, rei caliginem inducere

II. animadvertere. To condemn; damnare ; III. To cry down ; ; arguere improbare. obtrectare, Plin. ; carpere, Cic. ; verbis extenuare ;

poem's

condemnare
exsibilare
;

noctem, tenebras, offundere, Cic. To DARKEN, v. n. Obscurari


bilat ae'r, Varr. DARKISH, a.

The sky darkens ; nu;

sibiMs consectari, Cic.


a.

Subobscurus,

DAMNABLE,

Damnandus

exitialis

exitiabilis

darkish night

nox subnubila,

Cic. Cic.

subnubilus

Cic. ; perniciosus ; pestifer ; exsecrandus ; scelestus j sceleratus. DAMNABLY, ad. Damnandum in modum ; improbe ; nequiter ; nefarie ; sceleste ; Cic. DAMNATION, s. Parata in aeternum improbis supplicia;
or, pcenae quae

DAMNED,
exsecrandus
piece)
;

improbos manent.

a. JEternis
;

damnatus

suppliers addictus ; detestandus; (Said of a play, or theatrical


;

sibilis

explosus, Cic.

To DAMNIFY, v. a. Alicui nocere, obesse detrimentum afferre, importare damno esse laedere, Cic. DAMP or DANK. a. I. Moist ; humidus madidus
; ;
; ;

DAMNIFIC, a. exitialis; Cic.

Nocens, Hor.

perniciosus

noxius

Tenebricosus, Cic. DARKLY, ad. Obscure, Cic. DARKNESS, s. Obscuritas ; tenebrae ; caligo, Cic To dispel the darkness ; tenebras discutere, Cic., disThe land of darkness ; orcus inferi. pellere, Phaedr. DARKSOME, a. Opacus; obscurus ; caliginosus; subnubilus ; Cic. DARLING, s. and a. Charus ; delectus ; dulcissimus ; qui praecipuo in amore habetur ; deliciae My darling! mellille mi, Plaut. ; meum corculum ; anime mi, Ter. ; dulcissime rerum, Hor. DARN. s. Exacta ad unguem fallensque oculos sutura To DARN. v. a. Duas panni lacinias ad unguem coma.

DARKLING,

mittere, Bud.

Cic.

uvidus, Plaut.
;

udus
II.

uliginosus

Plin

To get
afflictus
;

damp; humescere.
demissus

Dejected; maestitia

dejectus ; abjectus ; perculsus. I. Fog, moisture; nebula, Plin. ; humor, II. Depression of spirit; ; exhalatio, Cic. dejectio ; consternatio ; demissio infractio ; abjectio ; Cic. To DAMP. v. aI. To moisten; humectare, Col. ; humidare, Cels. ; humidum, or madidum, reddere. II. To deject ; animum frangere, infringere, Cic., consternare, Liv. DAMPISH or DANKISH. a. Humidulus, Ov.

DAMP.
;

s.

Cic.

vapor

DAMPNESS,

s.

Humor,
; ;

in., Cic.
;

DAMPY,

a.

Tristis

melancholicus, Cic.
;

taciturnus

animo demissus msestitia afflictus, Cic. DAMSEL, s. Virgo adolescentula, Ter.


;

puella, Cic.

puellula, Catull.

DAMSON, s. Prunum Damascenum, Mart. To DANCE, v. n. Saltare tripudiare, Cic. corpus ad numeros movere, Sen. DANCE, s. Saltatio, Cic. saltatus, us, Liv. tripudium,
; ; ; ;

I. To throw suddenly against To DASH. v. a. II. To break something; jacere; jactare ; injicere. by collision; confringere, Cic.; effringere, Plaut.; alliIII. To throw water in dere; rumpere contundere. I V. To bespatter } asflashes ; spargere ; conspergere. V.To mingle ; miscere ; pergere ; respergere irrorare. VI. To confound; admiscere ; commiscere ; temperare. VII. To dash perturbare ; adversario os occludere. in pieces ; atterere ; contundere Cic. ; elidere, Virg. To To dash dash one's hopes ; frustrari ; de spe dejicere the confidence ; percellere To dash the perturbare To dash a project ; condrains out caput confringere. silium dissolvere, discutere, Cic. To dash over; delere, Cic. ; expungere, Plaut.
; ; ; ;

Loliurn, ii, n. telum, Cic. ; spiculum, Cic. ; ; missile, pilum, ; Virg. ; sagitta, Caes. To DART. v. a. and n. Tela jacere, conjicere, or viTo dart brare; jaculum contorquere ; jaculari, Cic upon one ; ruere ; irruere ; Sail. ; impetum facere, Cic.
s.

DARNEL, DART. s.

Jaculum

Caas.

Cic.

chorea, Ov.
s.

DANCER,

Saltator,

m.

saltatrix,

f.

Cic.

little

dancer ; saltatricula, Cic. Ter. ; schcenobates, Juv.

A rope-dancer ;

funambulus,

DANCING, s. Saltatio, Cic. ; saltatus, us, Liv. DANCING-MASTER, s. Saltandi madster. DANCING-SCHOOL. Ludus saltatorius, Vitr. DANDELION. 5. A plant; intybum erraticum
Jeonis.

dens

DANDIPRAT or DAPPERLING,
lius, Stat.
;

s.

Pumilio, Col.

pumi-

To DANDLE, v. a. Agitare DANDRIKF or DANDRUFF, s


scabies
;

trossulus, Suet.

Plaut.
;

Salire ; assilire ; Cic. Collision; collisus, us, m., Plin. : conII. Inflictio; conflictus; Cic.; confligium, Solin. III. Mark in writing; ducta linea. fusion ; paululum. IV. A blow ; ictus ; plaga ; Cic. DASTARD, s. Ignavus ; imbellis ; timidus ; Cic. ; meticulosus, Plin. To DASTARD or DASTARDISE. v. a. Territare ; terrere ; conterrere : perterrere ; Cic. ; terrorem incutere, Virg. DASTARDY. s. Ignavia ; timiditas ; animi remissio; Cic. DASTARDLY, ad. Ignave ; timide ; Cic.
v. n.
I.

To DASH. DASH. s.

blandiri.

Furfures

capitis, Plin.

DATA. s. DATARY.

s.

sordes.
s.

DANDY,

DANGER, s. Pei iculum discrimen ; Cic. He is in danger of his life; in dubio est vita illius, Ter. Free frut/i danger ; sine periculo.
;

Trossulus, Plaut.

DATE. s. I. The time when a thing was none ; ternThe date of a letter; dies epistolae, or litteris, pus.
II. End ; finis ; terminus ; exitus ; Cic. iscriptus. IV. A fruit ; III. Continuance; temporis spatium. paima, Plin. ; palmula, Varr. ; palmae pomum, Pliu.

Manifesta et concessa quantitas. Diarius adscriptor.

DATE
Goods out of date; merx invendibilis, Plaut V. Word* out of date ; verba inusitata, obsoleta, desueta,
Cic.
;

DEAD
oh omni turba vacuus ; ab oculis et hominum con* victu remotus Cic A dead calm ; tranquillitas. The sea is dead calm ; mare sopitum est, Plin. ; stat ventis To fall dead ; concidere mortuus ; placidum, Virg. Dead in law; abalienaprocumbere exanimis, Curt tus jure civium, Liv. Dead money (which brings no
interest in); otiosa pecunia, Plin.

To DATE.
apponere.

Diem in Dated at Home ;


v. a.

DATE-TREE. DATIVE, s.

ascribere, scripto epistola Romae data. *. Phoenix ; palrna. casus dativus, Quint. ; ( In grammar) ;

litteris

dandi casus, Varr. DATIVE, a. (In law); praestitutus ; praescriptus ; imperatus mandatus ; edictus. To DAUB. v. a. I. To smear with something adhesive ; linere illinere ; Col. ( With pitch) pice inducere, II. To Vitr __ ( With mortar) parietem trullissare. paint coarsely ; rudiori penicillo pingere ; inepte, or iuIII. To disguise; tegere sulse, pingere. contegere; rei velum prastendere, Cic. ; speciem alicnam inducere. IV. To lay on ostentatiously ; in falsum augere, V. To flatter grossly ; assentari ; adularij Cic. Tac. DAUB. s. Inscita, rudis, or inconcinna, pictura. DAUBER, s. Rudis, or ineptus, pictor. DAUBY, a. Glutinosus viscosus ; lentus. DAUGHTER, s. Filia; nata; Hor. Granddaughters GreatGreat-granddaughter ; proneptis. neptis. Daughter-in-law; great-granddaughter ; abneptis. privigna; nurus, us j Cic. To DAUNT, v. a. Alicui terrorem injicere ; metum incutere territare ; terrere ; perterrere. DAUNTLESS, a. Impavidus, Hor. timore, or metu, vacuus, Cic.
; ; ; ; ; ; ; ;

DEAD.

s.

conticinium, Varr.

To DEADEN,
exstinguere
;

The dead of night ; noctis silentium, Liv. ; nox silens, Virg. ; silentium altum. I. To deprive of sensation ; v. a. To restinguere ; sedare ; compescere.
;

deaden pain ; aegritudinem obtundere, or elevare, Cic.

To deaden the fire; ignem exstinguere. II. To make vapid ; insulsum reddere ; hebetem reddere Cic. To DEADEN, v. n. Exstingui ; resoivi remittere;
;

defervescere, Ter.
I. Murderous ; a. lethalis, Virg. ; morA Cels.; exitialis ; exitiabilis ; lethifer, Cic. To deadly disease; morbus lethifer, mortiferus, Cic. be deadly sick ; mortifere aegrotare, Plin Deadly sin ; II. Implacable; implapeccatum lethiferum, lethale. A deadly enemy ; hostis capitalis, Cic. cabilis, Cic Deadly hatred; odium capitate, Cic., implacabile, Liv., hostile, Cic. Deadly pain; dolor acerbissimus, Cic. To bear deadly hatred to ; capital! odio ab aliquo

DEADLY,

*'

tiferus,

'

'

dissidere, Cic. DEADLY, ad.

more mortuorum.
liter; Plin.
III.

DAUNTLESSNESS.
animus.

s.

Animi
eldest

firmitas,

Cic.

interritus

IV. Extremely; maxime ; perquam admodum; magnopere ; valde; Cic Deadly pale; letho pallidior,
;

I. In a manner resembling the dead ; II. Mortally; mortifere; lethaImplacably ; implacabiliter, Tac.

DAUPHIN,

s.

The
n.
I.

son of the king of France ;


;

Petr.
I. Want of ardour of affection ; fridefectio ; imbecillitas ; languor ; Cic. III. Vapidness ; nullus in cibo sapor, Plin. ; fatuitas ; insulsitas ; Cic. ; hebes gustus, us. DEAF. a. Surdus ; auribus captus, Cic. To DEAFEN, v. a. Aliquem exsurdare, Plin. ; aures hebetiores reddere, Cic.; hebetare, Cels. To deafen with noise ; aures obtundere, Cic. To DEAFEN, v. n. To grow deaf; obsurdescere ;

Delphinus Franciae.

DEADNESS.
II.

s.

The aurora; diluculum ; aurora Cic. cum prima luce, Per. ; diluculo primo II. Fig., Beginning; initium; sub solis ortum, Liv. principium ; orsus primordium ; Cic. DAY. s. Dies, m., f. ; lux, Cic/ This day; dies hodiernus. The day following; postera To-day; hodie dies. The day before ; pridie. Three, four, five, six days ago ; nudius tertius, quartus, quintus, sextus, Cic. In a few days ; intra paucos dies, Liv. ; in paucis dieEvery day; quobus, Ter. By day ; diurnus, Cic. tidie singulis diebus. Every other day ; altero quoque die __ Space of two days; biduum -- (Of three days); triduum Ten days hence ; abhinc decem diebus, Cic. A festival day; dies festus, Cic. ; lux festa, Hor.; festum, Ov __ From day to day; in dies; in dies singulos __ To the day ; ad diem datam, or congtitutam, Cic. To name the day; diem alicui constituere, Cic Some To wish good day; alicui salutem impertire, Cic day; aliquandof A fine day; dies luculentus, or apriA long day ; dies cus. ~jl-fktrk day ; dies subnubilus. To aestivus __ A short day ; dies contractus, angustus. In our days; nostra pass one's days; vitam agere. aetate; aevo nostro, Plin __ Near the end of his days; prope acta jam aetate. DAY-BOOK, s. Adversaria (sc. scripta), orum, n. pi. ; diurni commentarii. DAYBREAK or DAYSPRING. s. Diluculum, Cic. DAY-LABOUR, s. Diurnus labor diurna opera ; Cic.
; ; ; ; ;

To DAWN. DAWN. s. At dawn ;

v.

Dilucescere

lucescere

Cic.

gus.

Languor; torpor; stupor; virium


;

debilitas, Cic.

To turn a fieri, Cic.; exsurdari, Val. Max deaf ear to ; aliquem auribus respuere, Cic. DEAFISH, a. Surdaster, Cic. DEAFLY, ad. Oculte ; latenter ; secreto ; sine strepitu ;
surdum
Cic.

magna

Quantity; parsmagna; vis ingens, or deal ; multum ; plurimum. A A deal of labour ; deal of money ; argenti vis ingens labor plurimus, Hor. II. Wood of the fir tree; abies, Cic. ; sapinus, Plin. Made of deal ; abiegnus, Cic. ; sapineus, Col. I. To distribute; distribuere ; disTo DEAL. v. a.
I.
;

DEAFNESS. DEAL. s.
Cic

Surditas, Cic.

A great

II. To scatter ; dispertiri : dilargiri ; dividere, Cic. III. To give gradually ; jicere, Virg. ; spargere, Cic. IV To deal cards ; folia singulatim tradere, Cic.

DAY-LABOURER, s. Opera, ae, m. operarius Cic. DAY-LIGHT, s. Dies ; lux claritas lumen, Cic It is broad dayIn broad day-light ; luce palam, Cic. diei multum est. Plaut. jam light; The morning DAY-STAR, s. Stella diurna, Plaut.
;
;

star

Lucifer, Cic.
s.

DAY-TIME,

Dies
v. a.

lux.

DAY-WORK,

lusoria dispertiri To deal blows ; densis ictibus pulsare, Virg. ; ictus densare, Tac. I. To trade; negotiari ; mercaturas, To DEAL. v. n. Plaut., or mercaturam, Cic., facere ; commercium facere, II. To intervene ; negotio se alterius causa imPlin. III. To behave, toad; agere ; se gerere. /" miscere, Ter. To deal well To deal wisely ; sapientem se prsebere. by any one ; cum aliquo bene, or praeclare, agere, Cic. To deal To deal friendly by ; amice facere, Cic. To cruelly; crudelitatem in aliquo exercere, Cic deal in a matter; negotio se implicare, Cic., misceri,

s.

To DAZZLE.
stringere, Cic.
;

Opera diurna.
caecare, Cic. n. To be

Oculos, or oculorum aciem, peroculis caliginem offundere, Liv (The

mind)

mentem
/

To DAZZLE,

v.

caligare, Cic

am dazzled;

overpowered with

light

To be dazzled by appearances ; rerum specie DEACON, s. Diaconus. DEACONESS, s. Diaconissa.

oculi fulgore stupent, Hor. capi.

DEACONRY or DEANSHIP. *. Diaconatus, us, m. DEAD, a.&ndpart. I. Without life ; mortuus; demortuus Cic. exanimus, Virg __ Killed; necatus ; interemptus; occisus, Cic. (With hunger) ; fameenectus, Cic / am dead; Half dead; intermortuus, Cic II. Empty; vacuus; inanis; Cic.; exhaustus, peril. III. Dull; tristis maestus ; tnelancholicus, Cic. Liv.
; ; ;

Virg. 1. To use wett or ill; agere To DEAL WITH. v. a(Knavishly) improbe facere. (Honourably) honeste in se aliquem gerere (Harshly) ; cum aliquo summo jure II. To contend with ; resistere ; obsistere ; agere, Cic. To deal with equal repugnare ; reluctari ; decertare forces ; compari marte concurrere, Liv. ; aequis viribus Able to deal with a man ; alteri par. dimicare. Curt. III. To manage ; moderare ; gerere; gubernare ; IV An easy man to deal with ; homo administrare. facillimus, commodis moribus, lenis et facilis, commodus, A hard man to deal with; homo difficilis et moCic
; ;

rosus, Cic.
I. One who has to do with any thing ; DEALER. *. qui in aliqua re versatur ; qui alicui rei se immiscet, or A douimplicat ; qui aliquam rem tractat, or exercet fraudator ; veterator ; fall ax. II. A ble dealer; trader ; mercator, Cic. ; qui mercaturam exercet ; dealer solidarius Bud. A wholesale venditor, ; emptor A retail dealer ; mercis dividuae mercator ; propola A fair dealer j homo bona, or optima, fide ; vir probus,

IV. Obtuse; imbecillis imbecillus debilis ; infirmus V. Not affecting ; frigidus. languens ; languidus, Cic. A dead style; exsangue, frigidum, dicendi genus. VI. Vapid (said of liquors) cujus sapor evanuit ; VII. cujus spiritus diffugit, Lucr. saporis expers. VIII. Useless; inutilis j ad nullam partem utilis. Numbed ; torpens, Cic. torpidus, Liv. ; sopitus, Ov. The dead ; mortui ; morte IX A dead body ; cadaver A dead tree; arbor demortua. A dead deleti, Cic. Dead, asleep; somno sleep; somnus gravis, or altior. gravatus __ Dead water ; aqua stagnans, torpens, pigra, A dead place ; locus rlin., reses, Varr., situ corru-pta 84
; ; ; ; ; ;

Cic.
I. Practice ; actio ; consilium clandesDEALING, s. II. Intercourse; commercium; usus ; tinum, Nep. III. Mode of treatconsuetude ; consociatio ; societas. IV. Busiing; ratio; modus; agendi modus, genus. ness ; mercatura ; mercatus, us Cic. ; negotiatio, Sen. ; mercatio, Cell. ; commercium, Plin.
;

"'"*

DEALT
DEALT WITH.
dealt with
;

DEBAUCHEE
DEBAUCHER. s. Corruptor, Cic. DEBAUCHERY, s. Licentia morum
Cic.
tio.
;
;

Tractatus ; habitus part. Kindly benigne tractatus ; egregie exceptus, Cic.


s.

DEAMBULATION.
ambulatio, Cic.

Ambulatio

deambulatio

or, in-

libido

vita dissolution
;

solutior, Liv.
v. a.

bacchatio, Cic.

commessa.

DEAN. 5. Decanus. DEANERY, s. Addictae decano aedes. DEANSHIP. s. The office and rank of a dean; decani

To DEBELLATE.
cere

domare DEBENTURE,
;

munus

decanatus, us,

m.

phus, Plaut.

I. Beloved; carus ; dilectus. DEAR. a. II. VaDearer than life; ipsa vita luable ; carus; pretiosus. Provisions are dear; annona antiquior, or potior (were dear) ; annona laboratum pretium habet, Cic. A dear tradesman; nimium pretiosus, Plaut. ; est. III. Scarce ; qui avare pretium arti suse statuit, Ter. rarus. DEAR. s. (A word of endearment) ; charissime ; dul:

DEBILE.

a.

Cic. cautip, Debilis ; imbecillis

Debellare, Virg. ; Ijv subigere ; superare ; Cic. s. Syngraphus, or syngrapha ;


;

devin-

chirograinfirmus;

imbecillus

DEBILITATE, v. a. Debilitare, Cic. ; effrin^ere, PHn. ; enervare vires imminuere, Cic. DEBILITATION, s. Debilitatio, Cic. ; virium defeetio,
;

To

Cic.

DEBILITY,
litas,

s.

Debilitas,

Cic.

infirmitas
;

imbecil;

Cic.
a.
;

DEAR. ad. Oh dear! ehem hem! at enim ah! heu proh mi Ter. DEAR-BOUGHT, a. Magno pretio, or magni. emptus ; quod care, or magno, constat. I. With great fondness ; amantissime DEARLY, ad. studiosissime ex animo summa voluntate, or benevoardenter ; vehementer. II. At a high lentia, Cic. To be purchased dearly ; price ; care, Cic. ; magno. That was purchased dearly ; id care magno constare
!
!
!

cissime rerum, Hor.


!

DEBONAIR,
tus
;

Elegans
lenis
;

perelegans
;

mundus venus-

concinnus
;

mitis
;

Cic.

Obsequenter, Plin. ; indulgenter, Cic. concinne venuste leniter. DEBT. s. Nomen; aes alienum To be in debt; a?s alienum habere ; in aere alieno esse ; Cic. To run into debt ; aes alienum facere, or contrahere aere alieno se To be over head and ears in debt constringere, Cic. aere alieno obrui, oppressum esse, or demergi. To pay one's debts; nomen dissolvere aes alienum lucre, Curt.; eere alieno se liberare; ex aere alieno emergere, Cic emi, Hor. mihi magno constat, Plin. DEARNESS. s. I. Fondness; singularis erga Not aliquem To pay all one's debts ; nomina sua expedire, Cic. benevolentia amor, or voluntas, Cic. ; caritas pro- to pay one's debts; nominibus non respondere, Sen II. Scarcity ; raritas, To forgive one his debts ; creditam debitori pecuniam pensus animus ; studium, Cic. Plin. paucitas ; infrequentia.'Cic. ; penuria, Ter (Of condonare, Cie. DEBTOR, s. Debitor, Cic. A good debtor ; bonum provisions) ; annonae caritas, or difficultas, Cic. : gravitas, Tac. He is my debtor ; est in meis nomiuibus, nomen, Cic. DEARTH, s. Penuria inopia, Cic. (Of provisions) General dearness ; rerum omnium DECADE, s. Decas, Liv. gravis annona DECADENCY, s. Rerum inclinatio, Cic. inopia, Cic. ( Of an emTo DEARTICULATE. v. a. To disjoint ; os sua sede pire) ; imperil inclinatio, Cic. ; Sen. ; Flor. DECALOGUE, s. Decalogus, Eccl. movere, Cels. luxare membrum, Plin. DEATH, s. Mors interitus ; obitus Cic. decessus To DECAMP, v. n. I. To shift the camp; castra Natural death ; fatum, Cic. ultima necessitas, Ter. movere or simply, movere. II. To move off; in fugam mors simplex, Sail. Violent death ; nex. Premature se conjicere, Cic. ; fugam capere, capessere, Liv. ; death ; immaturus interitus, Cic Hour of death ; abire; abscedere; subducerese; recipere se Cies. hora suprema. DECAMPMENT, s. Castrorum motio ; e castris discesDay of death ; emortualis dies, Plin.
;

DEBONAIRLY, ad.

one's death ; mortem alicui maturare : (one's own death) \ mortem anticipare, Suet. ; necem sibi conTo die a noble death ; gloriosius obire. sciscere, Cic.

To hasten

sus, us.

To DECANT,
DECANTATION. DECANTER, s.
tor, Col.

v.
s.

a.

Decapulare

elutriare,

Plin.

transfundere, Col.

To put to capite damnare death ; occidere ; extremo supplicio afficere ; morte It is death ; crimen capitale est, Cic mulctare, Cic. The punishment of death ; pcsna ultima, Liv. On pain of death ; sub mortis, or capitis, pcena, Suet.
to

To condemn

death

Actio decapulandi.
I.