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Mandaic alphabet

The Mandaic alphabet appears to be based on the Aramaic alphabet and first appeared sometime during the 2nd century AD. The Mandaic name for the alphabet is Abagada or Abaga, after the first few letters.

The Mandaeans believe that all the letters of their alphabet have magical properties, and impart mysteries (raze).

Notable features

Type of writing system: alphabet

Direction of writing: right to left in horizontal lines.

Some of the letters change shape when combined with other letters.

Used to write

Classical Mandaic, a member of the East Aramaic sub-family of Northwest Semitic languages and the liturgical language of the Mandaean religion. Classical Mandaic is closely related to Syriac.

Neo-Mandaic, a vernacular form of Mandaic with about 100 speakers in Iran around Ahwaz. There are also a few Mandaic speakers in Iraq and the USA.

Mandaic alphabet

in Iran around Ahwaz. There are also a few Mandaic speakers in Iraq and the USA.

Sample texts in Mandaic

Translation All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are
Translation All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are

Translation

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. (Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights)

Links

Information about the Mandaic language and alphabet http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandaic_language http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mandaic_alphabet

Mandean World - information about the Mandaic language and alphabet, including a free Mandaic font: http://www.mandaeanworld.com/alphabet.html

Mandai Studies Center of Iran - information about the Mandaic people and language http://www.iranmanda.com/

Mandaic and Neo-Mandaic Texts and Resources http://www.mandaic.org

Other consonant alphabets (abjads)

Ancient Berber, Arabic, Hebrew, Mandaic, Manichaean, Middle Persian, Nabataean, Parthian, Phoenician, Proto-Hebrew, Psalter, Punic, Sabaean, Samaritan, Sogdian, South Arabian, Syriac, Tifinagh, Ugaritic